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VOICE

The Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

Weekly

http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com

Vol.8 / No.8

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2

VOICE

The

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012


THE VOICE WEEKLY 3

Vol.8 / No.8 - February 6 - 12, 2012

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

NEWS

3

VOICE

The

INSTITUTIONAL

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NEWS MAKER

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4

VOICE

The

LOCAL

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

FINANCE EDITORIAL

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Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe, Editor in-charge-Zeya Thu, Managing Editor-Kyaw Naing, Senior Executive Editors - Khine Cho Zaw Win Tin, Zin Zin Thaw, Thiri Zaw, Nwet Kay Khine, Executive Editors - Kyaw San Min, Hline Thit Zin Wai, Editors-Mya Hnin Aye, Thu Rein Hlaing @ Khunn Thu, Graphic Editors -Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine, Soe Han, Chief Reporter -Naing Min Wai, Photo Editor-Moe Kyaw Lwin, Editorial Secretary- Aung Soe, Foreign Affairs - Aung Kyaw Soe (Desk Editor), Tin Aye Kyaw, Thant Zin Soe, Aung Nyein Chan, Editorial Assistants- Swe Nyein Aye, Su Hnin Wai, Mandalay Correspondent- Tin Linn, Senior Reporters-Min Myo, Moe Khine, Kyu Kyu Thin (Moe Myay), Junior Reporters -Min Htet San, Phyo Wai Soe, Kyi Kyi Lwin, Zin Mar Lar Htay @ Green, Kyaw Swar Soe, Aung Bo Bo Shein, Thazin Oo, Pyae Phyo Lin, Aung Myint Htun, Nyein Thu Aung, Aung Aung Tun, Min Thu Khaing(Nay Pyi Daw),Ye Win Naing, Mel Tint, (Mandalay), Freelance Reporters -Associated News, Min Thura, Zay Nway Tun,Tint Lwin(Dawei), Aye Kyawt Khaing,Freelance Reporters (Mandalay)-YuKiKo, Min Min Soe, Htet Htet Kyaw, Win Shwe Yi Oo, Kyaw Thura Myo,Designer - Thein Aung Htut, DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Kyi Chan Hnin,Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy Manager), Nu War Win (Assistant Manager), Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager), Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Lai Yee Oo, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun, Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung, Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo, Web Administrator - Hein Aung Zaw (Yangonese!) Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com, Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099), Office -Thamada Hotel (Business Suite), No. 5, Alanpya Pagoda Road, Dagon Township, Yangon. 242424, 393192, Marketing - 01 242424,01 393192, 09 5176835, Hot Line - 09 73030047,01 393316, Distribution - 09 5176831 E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor : c-editor@thevoiceweekly.net, News Room : newsroom@thevoiceweekly.net, Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.


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MOTORING

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LOCAL

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

7

VOICE

The

EDUCATION

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8

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MOTORING

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10

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The

LOCAL

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

TRANSPORT

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

LOCAL

11

VOICE

The

TELECOMMUNICATION

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14

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16

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The

ENVIRONMENT

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

ENVIRONMENT

17

VOICE

The

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18

VOICE

The

MANDALAY

Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

BANKING

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ATM

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TRANSPORTATION

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rEÅav;? Zefe0g&D 26

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CRIME

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SOCIAL AFFAIR

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ENTERTAINMENT

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MANDALAY

Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

19

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MOTORING

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Light Truck

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COMMUNICATION

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MOTORING

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PUBLICATION

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MT News

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20

VOICE

The

REGIONAL

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

AGRICULTURE

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BUYING GUIDE 21

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

VOICE

The

VOICE

The

Vol.8 / No.8

New Books

February 6 - 12, 2012

New Books

New Books

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22

VOICE

The

BUYING GUIDE

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

BOOK

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PRODUCT

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SERVICE

SERVICE

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SELF- HELP

pnf;rsOf;vkdufem oifUb0rSm The Rules of Life Life can be a bit like advertising

b0onf aMumfjimvkyfief;ESifU tenf;i,fwlonf Richard Templar jrESi;f qD (Mra Hninzi) bmomjyefqo dk nf Most well-balanced and happy people will also tell you that sometimes you have to work at something without looking for a pay-off, apart form the immediate pay-off that we are being kept busy and thus can't get into trouble. Always looking for success, rewards, a pay-off, can be detrimental to our wellbeing when things don't pan out. Sometimes it's okay to do things just for the sheer enjoyment of doing them. I love painting m iniature water-colourstiny, tiny landscapes. Once in a while someone will come along and suggest I put them into an exhibition or sell them commercially. And every time I do, it fails miserably and I give up for a while. Once the dust has settled I always go back to them and I have learnt it is a personal thing and no longer will I try to sell them or show them. They are a not-for-profit part of my life and immensely rewarding. No,you can't see one.

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

POLITICS

23

VOICE

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POLITICS

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

POLITICS

25

VOICE

The

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26

VOICE

The

LOCAL News in Brief

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

HEALTH

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ASEAN

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

BUYING GUIDE

27

VOICE

The

PRODUCT

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RESTAURANT

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28

VOICE

The

'

NET N TECH

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

VOICE

The

Vol.8 / No.8

February 6 - 12, 2012

SOFTWARE

Apple IOS

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WEBSITE

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LOCAL

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

News in Brief q&mawmft&Sif&mZdE´ w&m;pcef;zGifUrnf &efukef? Zefe0g&D 24

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a&Trif;om;azmifa';&Sif; vufwGef;vSnf; vSL'gef;rnf rEÅav;? Zefe0g&D 14

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MEPHA

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&efukef? Zefe0g&D 17

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29

VOICE

The

AGRICULTURE

zsufydk;usí yJpdkufawmifolrsm; tcufBuHK &efukef? Zefe0g&D 16

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awGY cJU&if aus;Zl;jyKNyD; taMumif;Mum;ay;yg uReaf wmft h pfr (27.1.2012) reufyikd ;f avmufu rdom;pk jyóemtcsKUd aMumifh tdrrf q S if;oGm;ygonf/ trnf a&To&zDOD;? touf 23 ESp?f EIwcf rf;wGirf YJS &?dS t&yf 5 ay 4 vufr? qHyifteuftwdk aus;Zl;jyKNyD; owif;ay;ay;yg/ zkef; - 0973065735 (tultnDawmif;cHol a&T&nf) rSwfcsuf- tNrJ*sif;yifESifh wD&Syf0wfonf/

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30

VOICE

The

SOCIETY

Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

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SOCIETY

Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

31

VOICE

The

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32 THE VOICE WEEKLY

Vol.8 / No.8 - February 6 - 12, 2012

32

PERSPECTIVE

VOICE

The

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

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pD;yGm;a&;onf EkdifiHwnfaqmufa&; EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&;\ t"duusaom tpdwftydkif;rSm pD;yGm;a&;wnfaqmufjcif;jzpfouJo h Ykd wk;d wufvmaom pD;yGm;jzifh EkdifiHwnfaqmufa&;wGif vdktyfcsufrsm;udk jznfhqnf;Ekdifrnf/ pD;yGm;a&;aumif;aom EkdifiHrsm;wGif 'Drdkua&pD ydkrdktajccdkifvG,f onf[k tMurf;zsif;ajymEkid &f m 'Dru kd a&pDvnf;wnfaqmuf&if;? pD;yGm;a&;vnf;wnfaqmuf&ef vdktyfonf/ okdYr[kwfygu EdkifiHa&;awmifudk wuf&if; aemufjyefvefusEkdifonf/ xdkYaMumifh 2012onf jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;ESpf/ aZ,sol


Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

PERSPECTIVE

33

VOICE

The

jrefrmUEkdifiHa&;avUvmqef;ppfcsuf 1948-1988 CASE STUDY OF MYANMAR POLITICS 1948-1988 ausm0f if; ed'gef; (Introduction) ajym&vQif ,ckpmpkudk pmtkyftjzpfa&;om;xkwfa0&ef &nf&G,fcJhonfr[kwfyg/ ausmif;q&mwpfa,muftaeESifh ausmif;om;rsm;twGuf &nf&G,fjyKpkxm;aom Power point rQ omjzpfygonf/ odkYESifhwdkif ausmif;om;rsm;ua&m rdwfaqGrsm; uyg pmtkyt f jzpfa&;om;xkwaf 0&ef tBuHjyKawmif;qkMd uaom aMumifv h nf;aumif;? rdru d , kd w f idk u f vnf; jrefrmhEikd if aH &;udk pdwf 0ifwpm;avhvmvkMd uol vli,frsm;twGuf wpfpw kH pf&mtaxmuf tuljyKvdrrhf nfarQmv f ifah omaMumifv h nf;aumif;? ,ckvakd &;om; jyKpkvkdufjcif;jzpfygonf/ þwGifrdrdbufrS ajymp&mtcsKdU&Sdo avmuf &Sdvm&onf/ odkYESifhtrQ þed'gef;trSmpmjzifh pwifzGifh vdkuf&jcif;jzpfygonf/ pmwrf;wpfckvHk;\ ]tESpfcsKyf} (Abstract) oabm,lEkdifygvdrhfrnf/ 1/ yxrOD;qHk;ajymvdkonfrSm pmwrf;wpfckvHk;\ umv owfrw S cf sufjzpfonf/ pmwrf;acgif;pOfyg ]Case Study}qkad om a0g[m&ESiyhf wfoufvQif ]owfrw S x f m;aom tcsed u f mvwpfck twGi;f vlYtzGUJ tpnf;wpf&yf\taumif;tqk;d jzpfay:wk;d wuf rIrsm;udk avhvmqef;ppfonfhoabm}[k em;vnfxm;ygonf/ þem;vnfcsufjzifh avhvma&;]cGif}\umvtydkif;tjcm;udk 1948rS 1988ckESpftxd ESpfaygif;av;q,fowfrSwfxm;onf/ odkYwap orkdif;jzpf&yfrsm;\oabmobm0udk,fwdkifu ckESpfouú&mZfwpfckckjzifh ]wd}ueJjzwfvkdYr&Ekdif[k,lqygojzifh 1948 aemufydkif;jzpf&yfrsm;pwifoaE¨wnf&m 'kwd,urÇmppf tNyD; 1945 avmufrpS í aemufaMumif;jyefvu dk &f ygonf/ tvm; wlyif 1988 ta&;tcif;\aemufqufwGJtusKd;qufrsm;udkyg wkYdxzd Ydkvrkd nf,q l ygí 2010 a&G;aumufyEJG iS hf a&G;aumufyt JG vGef umvrsm; 2011 avmuftxJ qGJqefYxm;ygonf/ odYktwGuf pmwrf;wpfcv k ;kH \umvowfrw S cf surf mS 'kw, d urÇmppftNyD;rS ,ckrsuaf rSmufumvtxd[k a,bk,sqdkEkdifp&m&Sd ygonf/ 2/ 'kwd,ajymvdkonfrSm tukd;tum; pmtkyfpmwrf;rsm; ESiyhf wfoufvYdkjzpfonf/ jrefrmhacwfopforkid ;f ESiyhf wfoufvQif pmtkypf mwrf;rsm; vH;k 0r&So d nfr[kw/f (taMumif;aMumif;aMumifh &Sm&azG&cufonhw f idk )f &So d avmuf&ydS gonf/ odYkwidk af tmif pmtkyf pmwrf;trsm;pkrmS ordik ;f ynm&Sirf sm;jyKpo k nfxuf Ekid if aH &;orm; rsm;ud, k w f idk fa&;om;rSwfwrf;wifxm;onfu ydkrsm;aeonf/ odYk EiS t hf rQ rwlaomEkid if aH &;tjrif? jcm;em;aom&yfwnfcsufrsm; jzifh csOf;uyfMuonfjzpfav&m ]rluGJ}awGtajrmuftjrm;&Sdae awmhonf/ jzpf&yfwpfckwnf;jzpfapOD;? oabmxm;tjrifawG (tenf;qHk;) ESpfck? oHk;ckuGJaewwfonf/ þtajctaewGif pma&;oltaeESihf vufvrS ;f rDorQ ya' ompHktjrifrsm;udk pkpnf;wifjyEkdifzkdYomBudK;yrf;xm;ygonf/ ]b,f[mtrSe?f b,f[mtrSm;}qko d nfrsK;d ,wdjywfaumufcsuf rqGJrdap&ef rdrd\twåaemrwdudk wwfEkdiforQ xdef;csKyfxm;& onf/ trSm;trSefudpEö SifhywfoufvQifrl pmzwfoludk,fwkdifu vGwfvGwfvyfvyfqHk;jzwfMuzkdYjzpfonf/ odkYjzpfvifhupm; pmwrf;\oabmobm0udk,fwkdifu ]avhvmqef;ppfcsuf} (Case Study) oabmjzpfav&m yk*K¾ dvfpGJ? ygwDpGJ? *dkPf;*PpGJuif;ap&ef rnfrQyifowdBuD;BuD;xm;onf jzpfap rdr\ d xifjrif,q l csuftcsKdUygoavmuf ygoGm;Ekid o f nf udkrl 0efcHvdkonf/ 3/ wwd,ajymvkdonfrSm pma&;ol\taetxm;ESifh pm a&;ola&G;cs,fxm;aom ]txkdif}yifjzpfonf/ pma&;olrSm EdkifiH a&;rdk;oufrkefwkdif;rsm;Mum;wGif umvwpf&yf usifvnfcJhzl; onfw h idk f Ekid if aH &;orm;r[kwyf g/ rnfonfEh idk if aH &;ygwDrv S nf; r0ifcJhzl;yg/ EkdifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;ordkif; ponfhbmom&yfrsm;udk pdw0f ifpm;onfw h idk f pepfwusynmoifMum;cGi&hf cJo h nf r[kwí f ynm&Sifwpfa,mufvnf;r[kwfyg/ rdrdzwf&rSwf&orQudk pmzwfy&dowfoYkrd Qa0ay;csiaf om omrefpma&;ol wpfa,mufom jzpf&m ab;rS&yfMunhfolwpfOD;\tjrifjzifhyif ,ckpmpkudka&;yg onf/ pma&;ol\tjrift& orkid ;f udk ]tjypfzYkdupm;enf;} (Blame game) jzifh rcsOf;uyfoifh[kxifygonf/ ordkif;wGifBuHKcJh&aom trSm;rsm;udk ]b,folaMumifh? b,f0gaMumifh}qkdaom yk*K¾ dvfa&; wHqyd u f yfpcJG sufwifonfrsKd;rvkyv f ydk g/ odYk wap ordik ;f tauGU toD;oD;wGif ukdifqGJusifhoHk;cJhMuaom pOf;pm;Munfhjrifenf;? tdik 'f t D v kd *dk saD &G;cs,rf EI iS hf ay:vpDq;kH jzwfcsurf sm;\ aumif;usK;d

qdk;ypfrsm;udkrl a0zefqef;ppfzdkYvdkvdrfhrnf[k oabm&ygonf/ odkYrSom ordkif;\trSm;rsm;udk xyfausmhrrSm;ap&ef oifcef;pm ,lEkdifvdrfhrnf[kxifonf/ þtjrif þtawG;ESifhyif ,ckpmpkudka&;ygonf/ 4/ pwkw¬taeESifh tcef;cGJykHESifh pmwrf;wpfckvHk;\ OD;pm; ay;rItydkif;udk BudKwifazmfjyvdkonf/ Ä tcef;(1) ]jrefrmhEidk if aH &;"avh}rSm jzpfpOfBu;D wpfcv k ;Hk twGuf aemufcHum;cif;vkdufonhfoabmjzpfygonf/ ordkif;pOfwpf avQmuf jzpfpOfjzpf&yfrsm;udk aemufcHum;csyfESifh csdwfqufpOf; pm;EkdifzdkYjzpfonf/ Ä tcef;(2) ]Ekid if aH &;ygwDrsm;ESihf Ekid if aH &;acgif;aqmifrsm;} rSm jrefrmEkid if aH &;c&D;&SnBf uD;wGif yg0ifvyI &f mS ;Murnfh ]yav,m} rsm;ESihf BudKwifrw d q f ufay;zkYd&nf&, G yf gonf/ þae&mwGif ]Ekid if H a&;ygwDrsm;}udo k mcyfpw d pf w d af zmfjyxm;NyD; ]Ekid if aH &;acgif;aqmif rsm;}ESifhywfoufvQifrl cyf0g;0g;omwkdYxdxm;onf/ yk*K¾ dvfa&; udak &SUrwifvakd omaMumifjh zpfygonf/ acwfNydKifpma&;q&mrsm;? vkyaf zmfuikd zf ufrsm;\ xifjrifcsurf sm;udo k m wwfEidk o f rQppk nf; azmfjyxm;onf/ qk&d vQif vQyw f pfjyuf½yk yf v kH mT oabmrQomjzpf ygonf/ Ä tcef;(3) ]vGwfvyfa&;tBudKumv}(1945-48) Ä tcef;(4) ]ygvDref'Drdkua&pDumv} (1948-62) Ä tcef;(5) ]jrefrmhq&kd , S v f pfvrf;pOfygwDumv}(1962-88) þoH;k cef;rSm ppfNyD;acwf jrefrmhEikd if aH &;½Icif;yifjzpfonf/ þtcef;rsm;wGif umvtavsmuf EkdifiHwumtcif;tusif;udk tusO;f rQazmfjyNyD;rS jrefrmhEikd if aH &;jyu©'ed u f q kd ufygonf/ jrefrmh EkdifiHa&;jyu©'defqkd&mwGifvnf; jzpf&yfrsm;udktao;pdwfroGm; awmhbJ ta&;BuD;vdrfhrnf,lq&aom tqpftydkif;rsm;udkom rD;armif;xkd;jyzdkY&nf&G,fygonf/ txl;ojzifh rwlaomoabm xm;tjrifrsm;udk pkpnf;wifjyzdkYtm;xkwfxm;onf/ Ä tcef;(6) ]jrefrmh'Drkdu&ufwdkifaZ;&Sif;}rSm pmwrf;wpfck vHk;\ t"duOD;pm;ay;tydkif;jzpfygonf/ yxrqHk; ]'Drdku&uf wkdifaZ;&Sif;}qkdif&m EkdifiHwumtawGUtBuHKrsm; oabmobm0 rsm;? taumuft,lrsm;udk vufvSrf;rDorQ pkpnf;azmfjyNyD;rS jrefrmh'Drkdu&ufwdkifaZ;&Sif;ESifhcsdwfqufxm;ygonf/ jrefrmh'Drkd u&ufwidk af Z;&Si;f qk&d mwGiv f nf; yxrtBudrBf udK;yrf;rI (194862) (Ekid if w H umowfrw S cf sut f &qdv k Qi-f 'kw, d vIid ;f )ESihf 'kw, d tBudrBf udK;yrf;rI (1988-tvGe)f (Ekid if w H umowfrw S cf sut f &wwd,vIid ;f )wkYd ukd cGjJ cm;azmfjyxm;onf/ þtydik ;f wGirf l pma&; ol\xifjrif,lqcsuftcsKdUudk vkdtyfovdkazmfjyxm;ygonf/ Ä tcef;(7) ]ed*Hk;aumufcsuftcsKdU} NyD;jynfhpHkaomaumufcsufr[kwfyg/ pma&;olÓPfrDorQ qifjcifro d nfrsm;jzpfygonf/ rdr\ d twåaemrwdjzpfaMumif; 0efcH tyfygonf/ 5/ aemufq;kH ajymvdo k nfrmS ,ckpmwrf;onf jynfph v kH akH vmuf aomorkid ;f usrf;r[kw/f av;eufp;l &Saomppfwrf;vnf;r[kw/f jrefrmhEidk if aH &;udpk w d 0f ifpm;aom aomwkZewpfO;D \ pkpnf;azmf jycsufESifh xifjrif,lqcsufrQomjzpfaMumif; azmfjyvdk&if;jzpfyg onf/

tcef; (1) jrefrmUEdkifiHa&;"avU Myanmar Political Culture

'Drdkua&pDESifU 'Drdku&ufwdkifaZ;&Sif; ,cktcg jrefrmhpmayavmuwGif 'Drdkua&pDESifh ywfouf NyD; a&;MuajymMuonfrsm; tawmftwef&SdvmNyDjzpfygonf/ odkYESifhwdkif 'Drdku&ufwkdifaZ;&Sif;ESifh ywfoufvQifrl tawGU& enf;aeao;ovm; pOf;pm;rdonf/ þae&mwGif ]'Drdku&ufwdkif aZ;&Sif;} (Democratization) qdkonfrSm 'Drdkua&pDr&Sdaom tajc taerS 'Drdkua&pD&Sdonfhtaetxm;odkY ajymif;vJ&aom c&D;pOf BuD;udk qdkvdk&if;jzpfygonf/ 'Drdkua&pDESifh 'Drdku&ufwdkifaZ;&Sif; rSm eD;eD;uyfuyfqufpyfaeaomfvnf; xyfwlusonfum; r[kwfygacs/ 18 &mpkaESmif;ydkif;ESifh 19 &mpktapmydkif;avmufrSpí acwfopf'Drdkua&pD\t"dyÜm,fudk rsufESmpmoHk;&yfrS csOf;uyf zGifhqdkvmcJhMuonf/ ]t&if;tjrpf} (Source) ? ]&nfrSef;csuf}

(Purpose) ESifh vkyfxHk;vkyfenf; (Procedure) wdkYjzpfonf/ 'Drdkua&pD\ ]vm;&m} (t&if;tjrpf) rSm vlxkjzpfNyD; ]vm;&m} (&nfrSef;csuf) rSm vlxktusKd;pD;yGm;jzpfonf/ þrsufESmpm ESp&f yfukd vufawGUtaumiftxnfazmfEikd &f ef vkyx f ;kH vkyef nf;rSm vlxkenf;[kqdkvdk&if;jzpfonf/ ]vlxktajccH? vlxktwGuf? vlxek nf;} (of the People, for the people, by the people) qdak om 'Drdkua&pDt"dyÜm,fzGifhqdkcsufrSm þoabmyif jzpfygonf/ þodkYrsufESmpmoHk;&yf&SdonfhtxJrS ta&;tBuD;qHk;rSm wwd,rsufESmpm? ]vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;} [k qdkygonf/ tawGU tBuHKrsm;t& 20 &mpkacwfOD;avmuftxd þrsufESmpmrSm tm;enf;csufrsm;&SdaeqJ[kvnf; oHk;oyfcJhMuonf/ odkYtwGuf ]usifhxHk;qdkif&mtzGJUtpnf;rlabmifoGif;jcif;} (Institutionalization) jzifh pOfqufrjywf tm;jznfhaeMu&onf/ xdkrQru ]pHowfrSwfcsuf} (Bench Mark) rsm;jzifh tuJjzwfpdppfMu&onf rsm;vnf;&Sdonf/ Oyrm-'Drdkua&pD\ tajccHtusqHk; usifhxHk; wpf&yfjzpfonfh ]a&G;aumufyGJrsm;} qdkvQif ]yg0if,SOfNydKifrIpH} (Contestation Bench Mark) ESifh ]yg0ifaqmif&GufrIpH} (Participation Bench Mark) wdkYjzifh csdefqufum vGwfvyfNyD; w&m;rQ wrI&Sd? r&Sd qHk;jzwfavh&SdMuonfrsKd;jzpfonf/ odkYjzpfvifhupm; 'Drdkua&pD&&Sdatmif aqmif&GufMu&aom 'Drdku&ufwdkifaZ;&Sif;udkrl qdkcJhyg ]pHowfrSwfcsuf} rsm;jzifh csOf;uyfvdkYr&/ oufqdkif&mvlYtzGJUtpnf;\ ]yuwdt&Sd} (Reality) rS tpjyKMu&onf/ yuwdt&Sq d &kd mwGif vuf&jdS zpfysufae aom tcif;tusif;rQjzifh rvHkavmuf/ oufqkdif&m vlxk\ &ifxJ tonf;xJwGif ESpfaygif;ajrmufjrm;pGmjzpfwnfpGJcdkifae aom tpGJtvrf;rsm; (wpfenf;-EkdifiHa&;"avh) udkyg wl;azmf MunhfzdkYvdkrnf[kqdkMuonf/ odkYESifhtrQ 'Drdku&ufwkdifaZ;&Sif; taMumif;ajymawmhrnf qdkvQif oufqkdif&m vlYtzGJUtpnf;\ EkdifiHa&;"avhrS tpjyKavhvm vmMuonf/

EkdifiHa&;"avU qdkcJhNyD;onfhtwdkif; rsufarSmufacwf 'Drdku&ufwkdifaZ; &Sif;qkdif&m? pmayusrf;cHrsm;wGif ]EkdifiHa&;"avh} (Political Culture) qd k a om a0g[m&rS m tvG e f a &yef ; pm;aeaomf v nf ; trSefpifppf þtaumuft,ludk pepfwusavhvmcJhMuonfrSm 1930 jynfhvGefESpfrsm;avmufuwnf;ujzpfonf/ txl;ojzifh NAdwdoQvlrsKd;ynm&Sif ]vD,dkewf0kzf} \ ]'Da&vdIif;tvGef} (After The Deluge) trnf&Sdusrf;wGif tus,ftjyefYzGifhqdk &Sif;jy cJhonfrsm;&Sdonf/ odYkwap? xdpk Ofurl ]Ekid if aH &;"avh} [k roH;k / ]tokid ;f t0dik ;f pdwftcH} (Communal Psychology) [koHk;onf/ tcsKdUaom ynm&Sifrsm;u ]vlrIa&;pdwftcH} (Social Psychology) [koHk;Mu onfrsm;vnf;&Sdonf/ a0g[m& toHk;tEIef;t& rwlMuonfh wkdif EkdifiHa&;"avh\ oabmobm0 ig;&yfESifhywfoufaom vD,dkewf0kzf\ zGifhqdkcsufudkrl rsufarSmufacwfynm&Sifrsm;u oabmnDMuygonf/ þoabmobm0ig;&yfrSm ,ckvdk.../ 1/ EkdifiHa&;"avh -qdkonfrSm aeYcsif;ncsif;ay:xGufvm aom pdwfobm0 oufoufrQr[kwf/ 2/ &SnfMumaom orkdif;udk jzwfoef;&if; vltrsm;\pdwf xJwGif pl;pl;epfepfae&m,lxm;aom cg;oD;onhf EkdifiHa&;tawGU tBuHKrsm;\ xif[yfcsufjzpfonf/ 3/ odkYwap? EkdifiHa&;"avhudk w&m;0ifazmfjycGihf&aom ausmufpm? aypm? yHEk ydS pf mrsm;wGif awGUEkid rf nfum;r[kw/f ½d;k &m yHjk yifrsm;? '@m&Drsm;? pum;yHrk sm;xJwiG f ikw0f ifaeaom ]tawG; yHkpH} (Thought Pattern) rsm;wGifom awGUEkdifayonf/ 4/ EkdifiHa&;"avhrSm vlrsKd;wpfrsKd;\ ]trSwftom;o½kyf} (Indentity) wGif twGif;usqHk; tydkif;xd pl;0ifaeonfjzpfí trsm; xifonfxuf ydkípGJcdkifwwfonf/ 5/ Ekid if aH &;"avhrmS vlYtzGUJ tpnf;wpf&yfzUHG NzdK;a&;twGuf wGef;tm;jzpfEkdifovdk t[efYtwm;vnf;jzpfEkdifayonf/ þodkYwNyD;um; jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;"avhudk yHkoGif;ay;vdkuf onfh a&cHajrcHrSm bmjzpfrnfenf;/ jrefrmawGjzwfoef;cJh&m jrefrmhorkdif;yifjzpfygvdrfhrnf/ ausmf0if; qufvufazmfjyygrnf/


34

VOICE

The

PERSPECTIVE

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

tajymif;tvJtwGuf atmifxG#fvnf;vdkonf armifaomif;az hNyD; ydkvGef;w,fvdkY rxifvdkufygeJY/ atmifxG#f (½kdif;ovdkjzpfayr,fh 'Dvkdac:&wm ydktm;&SdwmrdkY atmifxG#fvdkYyJ okH;oGm;yg&ap) udk *kPfjyKcsifvdkY uRefawmfcHpm;&ovdk acgif; pOfa&;vdudkMunf kufwmyg/ vkdcsifrSvnf;vkdrSmyg/ 'gayrJh atmifxG#f&Sd&ifawmh tajymif;tvJ[m r&Sdovdkawmh r[kwfbl;qdkwm uRefawmfajym&Jygw,f/ atmifxG#faooGm;awmh 0rf;enf;aMumif; pum;awGqdk&if;eJY csD;usK;pum;awGvnf; Mum;&ygw,f/ 'gayrJh olb,fvdkawmfovJqdkwm? olYtm;xkwfrIawG b,favmufxdwmoGm;cJhovJqdkwm eD;uyfolawGuvGJvdkY pmzwfolawmfawmfrsm;rsm; aoaocsmcsm rodMuygbl;/ uRefawmfvnf; 'DtxJrSmygygw,f/ 'gayrJh olY&J YtwGef;? wkdif;jynf&JYta&G Yudk uRefawmfjrif&oavmuf wifjyMunfhygr,f/ pmzwfolawGvnf; od&Sdoifhw,f? atmifxG#fudk Appreciate vkyfoifhw,fxifvdkYyg/ t&ifwek ;f u atmifx#G af qmif;yg;awG? tmabmfawGzwfNyD; vufawGYrmS vnf; tajymif;tvJawG jrif&awmh 'Dv[ l m tpk;d &eJY ywfoufwJholjzpfcsifjzpf? 'grSr[kwf tpdk;&uyJ atmifxG#f pmawG *½kwpdkufzwfNyD; ajymif;aewmvm;qdkNyD; oHo,0ifrdyg w,f/ *sme,faqmif;yg;zwfNyD; tpdk;&rl0g'ajymif;vJzdkYqdkwm tdyfrufawmifrrufzl;awmh wpfenf;enf;eJY ywfouf&r,fvdkY xifcJhwmyg/ uRefawmfhoHo,udk &Sif;vif;oGm;apwmuawmh atmifxG#fqkH;NyD;rS xGufvmwJhpum;awG? pmawGaMumifhyg/ ol&OD;a&Tref;u atmifx#G t f okbudk yef;jcif;ydYk wmawG? vlBudKuf rsm;vmwJh 0efBuD;ESpfOD;jzpfwJh OD;atmifrif;eJY OD;pdk;odef;wdkY&JY 0rf ; enf ; aMumif ; pmom;awG a wG Y & awmh b,f y k H b ,f e nf ; ywfoufovJqdkwm a&;a&;ay:vmygw,f/ ]09-5000173 ydik cf zhJ ;l olEiS hf uRefawmf}(” The Voice Weekly Vol 8-No.7 udn k eT ;f ) rSm q&m&J&ifhwifhaqGu 2011 arvrSm atmifxG#fa&;om;jyKpk xm;wJh EkdifiHjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;pmwrf;awGudk awmif;cJhw,fvdkY qdkxm;ygw,f/ 2006 ckESpfwkef;u atmifxG#fajymjywJh EkdifiHjyKjyifajymif;vJa&;udk em;rvnfcJhwJh q&m&J&ifhwifhaqG[m 'Dpmwrf;awGukd ig;ESpt f MumrSm jyefawmif;wm olY&J Ypmaypdppfa&; twGuaf wmh [kwaf vmuf[efrwlygbl;/ 'gawGu atmifx#G &f UJ twGef;(Input) awG b,fykHb,fenf; Stakeholder awGqD a&mufco hJ vJqw kd m tMurf;zsi;f rSe;f q&atmifyg/ 'D Stakeholder awGeJY atmifxG#f b,fvdkawGUovJar;&if q&maZ,solajymwJh atmifx#f&JU vlrIuGef&uf (Social Network) aMumifhyJ jzpfyg vdrfhr,f/ qufvufNyD; atmifxG#f&J YtwGef;? wdkif;jynf&JUta&GU awGudk wifjycsifygw,f/

eJYoabmobm0udk vTwfawmfrac:cifuwnf;u oDtdk&Da&m? vufawGUyg BuHKzl;oljzpfygw,f/ 'g[m jynfolYvTwfawmf Ouú|u atmifxG#fudk &if;ESD;apEkdifwJhtcsuf jzpfygw,f/ tckvTwfawmfawG[m atmifxG#faMumifh ydktouf0ifvmovm; pOf;pm;p&myg/

twGef;ESifU ta&GY (1)

twGef;ESifU ta&GY (3)

2010 a&G;aumufyGJrwdkifcifwkef;uwnf;u atmifxG#f ajymcJhzl;ygw,f/ ]jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;wGif yg0ifywfoufaeol Stakeholder tm;vkH; þEkdifiHa&;ykpämtm; wGufrnfqdkonfh½IaxmifhrS ajymif;MunhfvQif ay;xm;csufrsm;udk awGU&dSí ay;xm;csuf twdkif; wGufEkdifonfhenf;udk 0kdif;0ef;pOf;pm;vmMuvdrfhrnf[k ,kHMunfxm;qJjzpfygonf/} ]yxrqk;H vdt k yfcsufrmS ykpmä udw k u G rf nf[al om ½Iaxmifrh S MunfhzdkYjzpfonf/ 'kw, d vdt k yfcsurf mS ay;xm;csurf sm; pkv H ifatmif awGUjrif Ekdifa&;jzpfonf/ wwd , vd k t yf c suf r S m ay;xm;csuf t wd k i f ; yk p ä m ud k wGufrnf[laom rdrdudk,fudk ,kHMunfrIjzpfonf/} atmifxG#f,kHMunfxm;ovdk jzpf? rjzpfqdkwmudk 'DaeY EkdifiHa&;vkyfudkifaewJholawGudkom ar;Munfh&rSmyJ/ aocsmwm uawmh EkdifiHa&;orm;rSef&if atmifxG#f&JUpmawGudk zwfrSmygyJ/ tckawmh oljzpfapcsifovdk ykpämawGwGufaeMuygNyD/ olY&JU vkyfaqmifrIawGu 'DaeYEkdifiHa&;jzpfay:ajymif;vJrIrSm twkdif; twmwpfcktxd oufa&mufwm b,folrSjiif;vdkYr&ygbl;/

or®wBuD;eJY a':atmifqef;pkMunfawGYqkHaqG;aEG;wJhudpö rSmvnf; atmifxG#f\twGef; (Input) &SdcJhovm;qkdwmudkvnf; uReaf wmfoo H ,&Syd gw,f/ olYpw d x f rJ mS oufqikd &f mtmPmydik ef YJ a':atmifqef;pkMunfwdkY awGYqkHaqG;aEG;a&;jzpfay:zdkY tcsdef apmapmuwnf;u udef;0yfaecJhwmudk udkausmfausmfatmif (RFA) &J Y x “ dkwpfaeY(” The Voice Weekly Vol 8-No.4 udknTef;) u atmufygpmom;rsm;rSm awGYjrifae&ygw,f/ ]tJ'gyJ? uRefawmfwdkYEkdifiHtwGuf tajzu tJ'gyJ? ESpfzuf tcsif;csif;awGUqkaH qG;aEG;vdu k ?f n§v d u kd ?f EIid ;f vku d &f if ajyvnfrI &oGm;rSmyJ? Ekid if aH &;ajyvnf&if pD;yGma&;vnf; ajyvnfw;kd wufrI &vmrSmyJ/ Ekid if aH &;rajyvnfvYkd uReaf wmfwYkdEidk if H tbufbufu edrfYusae&wm/ 'Dawmh a':atmifqef;pkMunfeJY AdkvfcsKyfrSL;BuD; oef;a&TwdkY awGYqkHaqG;aEG;vkduf&if tm;vkH;ajyvnfoGm;rSmyJ/} 'Dawmh a':atmifqef;pkMunfvw G w f t hJ cg olYtaeeYJ awGUqkH aqG;aEG;a&;udk rwdu k w f eG ;f bJaerSm r[kwyf gbl;/ a':atmifqef; pkMunfudk awGUwJhtcg olY&JU ]½Iaxmifh}” ( The Voice Weekly Vol 6-No.22 udknTef;) tjrifudk ajymrdaumif;ajymrdygvdrfhr,f/ tck tpfudkBuD; A eJY nDrav; B wdkY jyeftqifajyaeawmh C ae&m uae 0rf;omaeygvdrfhr,f/ olraocif 'gudkawGYoGm;vkdY uRefawmfvnf; 0rf;om&ygw,f/ EkdYrdkYqdk uRefawmfvnf; 0rf;enf;rqkH;jzpfaerSmyg/

twGef;ESifU ta&GY (2) vTwaf wmf&UJ wm0efeYJywfoufvYkd ol&OD;a&Tref;udik w f , G af e wmawGUNyD; atmifx#G &f UJ tokbudk yef;jcif;ydYk wmvnf;awGUawmh a&G;aumufyGJawGrpcif ajcmufvtvdkuwnf;u 2010 arv Living Color r*¾Zif;rSmygwJh tifwmAsL;rSm atmifxG#fajzxm; wmudk zwfMunfhapcsifygw,f/ ]vTwfawmfawGu wm0efokH;&yfxrf;&r,f/ (1) Oya' jy|mef;jcif;? y,fzsufjcif;? jyifqifjcif; (2) ynma&;aumfrwD? axmufvSrf;a&;aumfrwD? b@ma&;aumfrwD pwJhaumfrwD awGu oufqdkif&m tpdk;&udk Check and Balance jzpfapzdkY Shadow Government aumfrwDudkzGJUpnf;&r,f/ oufqdkif&m 0efBuD;XmeawGukd apmifMh unhNf yD; Check and Balance vky&f r,f/ (3) b@ma&;tokH;p&dwfudk vTwfawmfujy|mef;ay;&r,f/} olY&UJ pmawG (Ekid if w H umvTwaf wmfrsm;\ oabmobm0? Concept ESihf Process) t&qd& k if atmifx#G [ f m vTwaf wmfwm0ef

&mü atmifxG#f rnfrQyg0ifcJhoenf;qdkonfrSm OD;atmifrif;\ pum;udk pOf;pm;MunhfEkdifygonf/

twGef;ESifU ta&GY (5)

twGef;ESifU ta&GY (4) vuf&SdNidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;rIawGrSm atmifxG#ftaeeJY vludk,fwdkifr[kwfayr,fh ay:vpDydkif;qkdif&mrSm twkdif;twm wpfcktxd yg0ifaew,fvdkY ,lq&ygw,f/ 0efBuD;OD;atmifrif; &JU 0rf;enf;pum;t&a&m? Myanmar Egress u OD;vSarmifa&T Negotiator tjzpf vkdufygaqmif&Gufaewmt&a&m 'DvdkokH;oyf wmyg/ ]wdkif;&if;om;rsm;ESifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;wnfaqmuf&mwGif pOf;pm;oifhaom rl0g'rsm;}”( The Voice Weekly Vol 8-No 5 udn k eT ;f ) rSm atmifx#G u f ]wdik ;f &if;om;wdYk \vkv d m;csuf trsKd; tpm;okH;rsKd;? tcsuftm;jzifh ckepfcsufudk rnfodkYjznfhqnf; ay;rnfqakd om vrf;nTeaf jrykw H pfcu k kd tpd;k &rSa&;qJx G m;&efvNdk yD; okYd ro S mvQif tpk;d &bufrS rnforl qdk wm0ef,al phpyfaqG;aEG;&ef vG,u f o l mG ;rnfjzpfonf} [kqx kd m;&m tqdyk gvrf;nTeaf jrykaH &;qGJ

vuf&pdS ;D yGm;a&;ajymif;vJraI wGrmS olY&J YtwGe;f b,favmuf xda&mufcJhovJqdkwm ]“ yk*¾vdu vkyfydkifcGifh\EkdifiHa&;abm* aA'}” (The Voice Weekly Vol 6-No.15 udkñTef;)rSmygwJh 'Dpmykd'f u oufaojyaeygw,f/ ]Ekid if aH wmfuomvkyu f ikd cf iG &hf cdS o hJ nfv h yk if ef;rsm;udk yk*¾vdu rsm;ok d Y vk y f u d k i f c G i f h j yK&mwG i v f nf;aumif;? Ekid if yH idk pf ;D yGm;a&; vkyfief;rsm;udk yk*v ¾ duydkifjyKvkyf&mwGifvnf;aumif; atmufyg Institutional Capacity vkdtyfonf[k ynm&yfqdkif&musrf;rsm; u zGifhqdkygonf/ 1/ yGifhvif;íxifomjrifom&Sdapjcif; (Transparency) ESifh wm0ef,lrI wm0efcHrI&Sdapjcif; (Accountability) 2/ wnfqJOya't& 0ifaiG&vrf;razmfjyEkdifaom aiGrnf; rsm;udk ppfaq;jcif;ESifh Oya'abmiftwGif;a&muf&Sdapjcif;/ 3/ vkyfief;rsm;wk;d csJU&eftvdYk imS bPfacs;aiGrsm; toifh &Sdapjcif;/ (u) yk*¾vdubPfBuD;rsm; us,fus,fjyefYjyefYyg0if ulnDEkdif&ef vrf;zGifhay;jcif;/ (c) xdkodkYvrf;zGifhay;&mwGif bPfrsm;ajcacsmfvufacsmf rjzpfatmif tmrcHpepfwpfck toufoGif;ay;jcif;/ (*) aiGazmif;yGrIudk umrdap&ef twdk;EIef;jy|mef;ay;jcif;/ 4/ vkyfief;rsm;vTJajymif;,l&ef ukrÜPDrsm;zGJUpnf;wnf axmifcGifhudk tvsiftjrefpDpOfay;jcif;/ 5/ trsm;jynfolus,fus,fjyefYjyefYtusKd;aus;Zl;&Sdap&ef tvdkYiSm trsm;ykdifukrÜPDrsm; xlaxmifcGifhay;jcif;/ 6/ t&if;tESD;a&m enf;ynmyg vkdtyfcsuf&Sdonfhvkyfief; rsm;udk yk*¾vduydkifjyK&mwGif EkdifiHjcm; &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; vkdtyf onfhtm;avsmfpGm EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIrsm; w&m;0if0ifa&muf cGifhudk tvsiftjrefpDpOfay;jcif;? &mEIef;jynfhcGifhrjyKEkdifonfh vkyfief;rsm;udk zufpyfvkyfudkifapjcif;? w&m;r0ifEkdifiHjcm;t&if; tESD;rsm; 0ifa&mufrvmEdkifap&ef wm;qD;ay;jcif; ponfhvkyf ief;pOfrsm;udk Comprehensive oabmwpfygwnf; aqmifMuOf;ay;&ef vkdtyfygonf/}” atmifxG#f tNrJvdkvdkajymaecJhwJh 'DZ,fqD? w,fvDzkef;? armfawmfum; pwJh ukefvkyfpGrf;tm;pkawG &,lokH;pGJcGifhESifh kd aetxm;rSm a&mufae Transaction Cost awGvnf; 'DaeY b,fvt ovJqdkwm jrifEkdifygw,f/ aemufq;Hk taeeJY Ekid if aH jymif;vJa&;eJYywfoufvYkd atmifx#G f pmawGxJu uRefawmf ajymvdkaomtcsufav;awGudk ajymcsifyg w,f/ tckqdk&if tpdk;&taeeJY z&efppfzlul,m;rm;&JU tqdkt& ajymif;vJzdkY&m awmfawmfcufwJhudpöwpfckjzpfwJh Legitimacy (atmifx#G u f tpd;k &\*kPo f a&[kq)kd udk ajymif;vJNyD;jzpfw,f vdkY ,lqygw,f/ 'DvdkvkyfzdkY tpdk;&taeeJY owåd&SdrI? vlxk qufo, G af &; uRr;f usirf ?I r[mAsL[muRr;f usirf ?I tajccH oDt&kd D ydkifEkdifrIawGvdktyfw,fvdkY atmifxG#fvnf; ajymoGm;cJhygw,f/ atmifx#G af jymcJo h vdk vuf&dS jrefrmhvUl tzGUJ tpnf;[m Liberalization ac: ajzavQmhrItqifhudk xdawGUae&wmjzpfNyD; Liberalization aemufu Democratic Consolidation rvdkufvmaomEkdifiHrsm; vnf;&SdcJhaMumif; pum;csyfvdkuf&ygw,f/ qdkvdkwmu Rules of the Game ac: zGUJ pnf;ykt H ajccHOya' (Oyrm-wdik ;f a'oBuD;ESihf jynfe,fvw T af wmfrsm;) aumif;pGm touf0ifzYkd vdak o;aMumif; ajymvdk &if;jzpfygw,f/ atmifxG#f&SdaecJh&ifvnf; 'gyJajymaernfxifí uReaf wmfu 0ifvQm&Snv f u kd &f ygonf/ 'Davmufq&kd if tajymif; tvJrmS atmifx#G v f nf; vdk rvdk pmzwfol rSe;f qMunfyh gawmh/ armif a omif ; az pm<uif;/ 'Dpma&;jcif;jzifh olwGef;cJhonfrsm; a&GUcJhonfudk vlxk xo k d&SdNyD; atmifxG#fwpfa,muf wrvGefb0uae yDwdrsmsm;; pm;okH;Ekdifap&ef &nf&G,fygonf/


Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

PERSPECTIVE

35

VOICE

The

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CARTOON OF THE WEEK

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36

VOICE

The

PERSPECTIVE

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

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CONDOLENCE

Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

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37

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38

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Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

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"r®a&mifjcnf (11) Budrfajrmufpkaygif;aoG;vSL &efukef? Zefe0g&D 6

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&efukef? Zefe0g&D 21

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General Management oifwef;zGifUrnf &efukef? azazmf0g&D 2

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vloHk;ukef tdkifwD? tDvufx&Gefepf jyyGJjyKvkyfrnf &efukef? azazmf0g&D 2

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INTERVIEW

Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

39

VOICE

The

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(RCSS/SSA)

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tpkd;&opfvufxuf wkdif;&if;om;vufeufukdiftzGJUrsm;wGif typftcwf&yfpJa&;oabmwlnDrI tapmqkH;&&SdcJhonfh &Gufqpf (RCSS/SSA) tzGJUu 2012 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv 16&ufaeYwGif awmifBuD;NrKdUü jynfaxmifpktqifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;vufrSwfa&;xkd;tNyD; jrefrmEkdifiHa'otcsKdUokdY a'ozGHUNzKd;a&;oGm;a&mufavhvmvsuf&Sd&m ,if;tzGJU\ xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;tay: oabmxm;ESihf a&SUvkyfief;pOfrsm;ukd od&SdEkdifapa&;twGuf tqkdygtzGJU\ 'kwd,acgif;aqmif AkdvfrSL;BuD;pkdif;vESihf awGUqkHar;jref;csufrsm;ukd azmfjytyfygonf/

: tck q&mwdYNk ir d ;f csr;f a&;rSm vnf; tawmfc&D;aygufaeNyDqdkawmh a&SUvkyif ef;pOfav;awGukd bmawGpOf;pm; xm;vJ? bmawGvkyfaeovJqdkwm ajymjyay;yg/ Col. SL : uRefawmfwdkYu EdkifiHawmf tpdk;&eJY 'DNidrf;csrf;a&;vrf;pOfrSm ,Hk MunfrI&SdpGmeJY 0dkif;NyD;azmfaqmifoGm; r,f/ 'DNidrf;csrf;a&;vrf;pOfrSmqdk&if EdkifiHawmftBuD;tuJu Nidrf;csrf;a&; pwifaqG;aEG;wJhtcsdefrSm tqifhoHk; qifheJY uRefawmfwdkYudk csjyw,f/ yxrtqifhu typftcwf&yfpJa&;? 'kw, d tqifu h awmh zGUH NzdK;wd;k wufa&; vkyif ef;awGvyk zf Ykd&,f? wwd,taeeJY rajyvnfao;wJh EdkifiHa&;jyóem awGudk Nidrf;csrf;wJhenf;eJY ajz&Sif;zdkY udk csjyygw,f/ Zefe0g&Dv 16 &uf aeYu jynfaxmifpt k qift h ypftcwf &yfpaJ &; oabmwlncD suv f nf; tpd;k & eJY uRefawmfwdkY RCSS (SSA) u vufrw S af &;xd;k NyD;ygNyD/ 'kw, d tqifh jzpfwhJ zGUH NzdK;wd;k wufa&;vkyif ef;pOfawG vkyfzdkY tckavhvma&;c&D;a&muf&Sdae wmyg/ EdkifiHawmftBuD;tuJawGu vnf; uReaf wmfwYkdawmif;qdw k t hJ csuf tvufawGukd vdu k af vsmay;ygw,f/ tckavmavmq,frSm 'kwd,tqifh jzpfwJh zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;vkyfief;awG qufvufazmfaqmifzdkY pOf;pm;xm; ygw,f/ Voice : jynfaxmifpktqifh vuf rSwfa&;xdk;NyD; zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;awG azmfaqmifzdkY avhvmaewmaygh/ Col. SL : [kwy f gw,f/ 'Dv 16&uf aeYrSm jynfaxmifpktqifh vufrSwf a&;xkd;NyD; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;awG azmf aqmifzdkY yPmravhvma&;c&D;yJjzpf ygw,f/ Voice : b,fawGoGm;avhvmNyD; NyDvJ/ Col. SL : uRefawmfwdkY awmifBuD; em;vnf; avhvmNyD;ygNyD/ aemufNyD; rEÅav;rSmvnf; avhvmNyD;ygNyD/ 'DaeYawmh &efukefa&mufvmwmyg/ Egress &JU zdwfMum;rIeJY 'DtaMumif; awGvmNy;D aqG;aEG;jzpfwmyg/ ynma&;? zGHUNzdK;a&;eJYqdkifwJhtaMumif;t&mawG ayghaemf/ Voice : tck avhvmNyD;oavmuf q&mwdkYa'orSm ynma&;tydkif;rSm bmawGvdktyfaewm awGU&ovJ/ Col. SL : ynma&;yd k i f ; rS m qd k a wmh rsKd;qufopfawGuav;awGayghaemf/ ppfjzpfwahJ 'orSmaewJh aus;vufa'o rSm ynmroif&wJhuav;awG rsm; w,f/ aemufNyD; touft&G,fBuD; vmwJhvlBuD;awGuvnf; i,fi,f uwnf;u ynmroifc&hJ awmh ynm a&;ydkif;qdkif&mrSm edrfhusaewmudk Voice

awGU&Sd&w,f/ tajccHynmtm;jzifh ppfjzpfaewJh a'owpf0dkufayghaemf/ tckvnf; ppfawG&yfpJoGm;NyDqdkawmh 'DtajccHynma&;awG uRefawmfwdkY pNyD;awmh tpd;k &eJYy;l aygif;aqmif&u G f csifygw,f/ Voice : tpdk;&udk ynma&;eJY ywf oufNyD; bmawGtultnDawmif; xm;ygovJ/ Col. SL : ynma&;twGuf uReaf wmf wdkYu ausmif;awGaygh/ ausmif;q&m awGeJY 'DtaxmuftuljyKwJhypönf; awGaygh/ tJ'DudpöawGudk uRefawmf wdkYvdkcsifygw,f/ Voice : tcku avhvmwJt h qifyh J vm;/ awmif;awmhrawmif;&ao; bl;aygh/ Col. SL : rawmif;&ao;ygbl;/ Voice : pD;yGm;a&;ydi k ;f rSm b,ftydik ;f awG zGHUNzdK;zdkYvdktyfaeovJ/ Col. SL : pD;yGm;a&;rSm uRefawmfwdkY pOf;pm;xm;wmuawmh tajccHuswJh pdkufysKd;a&;? arG;jrLa&;vkyfief;awGudk tajccHNyD; zGHUNzdK;a&;vkyfief;awGudk wnfaqmufomG ;csiw f ,f/ aemufNyD; awmh pdkufysKd;a&;? arG;jrLa&;awGeJY uReaf wmfwYkda'orSm&Sw d hJ bde;f pdu k cf if; awGae&mrSm tpm;xk;d NyD; pdu k yf sKd;oGm; r,fvYkd uReaf wmfwYkd pOf;pm;xm;ygw,f/ Voice : bdef;pdkufcif;awGae&mrSm wjcm;oD;ESHawG tpm;xdk;oGm;r,f qdkawmh tJ'DvdkvkyfvdkY atmifjrif r,fvdkY ,lqygovm;/ Col. SL : tbufbufu yl;aygif; aqmif&Guf&ifawmh tqifajyrSmyg/ EdkifiHawmftpdk;&&JU yHhydk; ay;rIeJYawmh ydkNyD;us,fjyefYvmvdrfhr,fvdkY uRef awmfwdkY ,HkMunfygw,f/ Voice : q&mwdkYa'oawGrSm c&D; oGm;vkyif ef;awGuvnf; zGUH NzdK;EdkifwJh taetxm;&Sw d ,fxifw,f/ 'Dtydik ;f udka&mvkyfvdkY&r,fxifvm;/ Col. SL : tJ'guawmh aemufydkif; qdk&if uRefawmfwdkYtaumiftxnf azmfEdkifvdrfhr,fvdkY ,HkMunfygw,f/ Voice : puf r I 0 ef B uD ; vnf ; jzpf MIC (jrefrmh&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&Sif) Ouú|jzpfwJh OD;pdk;odef;uvnf; ajym xm;w,fav/ jynfe,fawGrmS pufrI ZkefawG azmfxkwfr,fvdkY/ pufrIZkef awG azmfxw k w f ahJ e&mrSm &Sr;f jynfe,f bufrmS vnf; azmfxw k fzdkY&Sdw,fvdkY xifw,fcifAs/ tJ'Dtay:rSmaum q&mwdkYtaeeJY bmawGjyifqifxm; ygovJ/ tJ'geJYywfoufNyD; pdwftm; xufoefrI&Sdvm;/ Col. SL : uRefawmft h jrifrmS uawmh 'Dv,f,mxGuu f ek yf pön;f awGukd tacsm jyKvkyfNyD; aps;uGuf&Sma&mif;EdkifwJh tqifha&mufatmif a'orSm&SdwJhopf

awGudk tacsmudkifNyD; y&dabm*awG aps;uGufxJa&mif;csEdkif&ifawmh ydkNyD; aumif;r,fvdkY ,lqygw,f/ Voice : pufrIZkefawGzGifhvSpfay;zdkY arQmfvifhw,faygh/ Col. SL : [kwfygw,f/ Voice : owåKwi G ;f vkyif ef;awGa&m pdwfr0ifpm;bl;vm;/ Col. SL : owåKwGif;vkyfief;awGu 'D Process (zGUH NzK;d rIvyk if ef;rsm;) twGi;f rSmawmh ygygw,f/ azmfaqmif&r,fh ae&mrSmawmh uReaf wmfwYadk vhvmqJyg/ kd ;f rSm Edik if H Voice : q&mwdYkaemufyi a&;u@rSmaum b,fvykd g0ifoGm; r,fvkdY pOf;pm;xm;wm&SdvJ/ Col. SL : tqifh 3 jzpfwhJ 'DEi kd if aH &; jyóemawGukd Edik if aH &;enf;eJYajz&Si;f zdkYvkdY ajymxm;wm&Sdw,fav/ EdkifiH awmftpdk;&u uRefawmfwdkY wdkif;&if; om;tm;vHk;yg0ifwJh nDvmcHBuD; wpf&yfusif;yay;r,f ajymygw,f/ jynfaxmifpt k qifx h uf ydNk y;D us,jf yefY wJh nDvmcHBuD;wpf&yfudk usif;yjzpf &ifawmh wdkif;&if;om;awGtm;vHk;rSm &SdwJhqE´awG? ajymif;vJvdkwJhtcsuf awG uRefawmfwYkd wifjyoGm;rSmjzpfyg w,f/ Voice : q&mwdkY Nidrf;csrf;a&; 0if vmNyD;aemufyikd ;f q&mwdYkBuHKawGU&wJh rauseyfwJh tcuftcJawG? jyóem awG bmawG&SdygovJ/ Col. SL : uRefawmfwdkYavhvmawGU &Sd&oavmufawmh tckvuf&Sd tpdk;& u oabmxm;BuD;BuD;eJY EdkifiHawmf jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;udk azmfaqmifay; aew,fvdkY jrifygw,f/ Voice : vuf & S d t pd k ; &opf t ay: ,H k M unf r I t jynf h t 0&S d w ,f q d k w J h oabmvm;/ Col. SL : uRefawmfwdkY ,HkMunfvdkY

Nidrf;csrf;a&;,lcJhwmyg/ k ;f &if;om;'Dru kd &uf Voice : &Sr;f wdi wpfygwDeYJ a&m yl;aygif;oGm;zdkY&Sdyg ovm;/ 'Dvykd J ud, k w f ikd Ef ikd if aH &;ygwD axmifzdkY&Sdovm;/ Col. SL : Edi k if aH &;ydik ;f qdik &f mrSmawmh bmwpfckrS rqHk;jzwf&ao;ygbl;/ tm;vH;k eJYawmhy;l aygif;NyD; aqmif&u G f &r,fhudpövdkY uRefawmfwdkY jrifw,f av/ 'gaMumifrh Ykd uReaf wmfwYkdavhvm qJyg/ Voice : tpk;d &eJY Nidr;f csr;f a&;tzGUJ eJY awGUqkHNyD;NyD? vufwGJvnf;vkyfukdif aeNyDqkdawmh Nidrf;csrf;a&;tzGJUawG&JU vkyaf qmifr[ I m jrefrmjynfrmS vkad ewJh Nidrf;csrf;a&;ukd azmfaqmifEkdifr,fvkdY xifygovm;/ bmawGvt dk yfcsuaf wG &Sdw,fvkdY xifygovJ/ Col. SL : tck'Dvuf&Sdtpkd;&eJYEkdifiH awmf tBuD;tuJawGeJY vuf&SdNidrf; csrf;a&; aqG;aEG;a&;tzGJUawGu Nidrf; csrf;a&;azmfaqmifwJhae&mrSm awmf awmfav; atmifjrifaeNyDvYdk uReaf wmf wkYd jrifygw,f/ bmjzpfvYdk vq J adk wmh vuf&Sdtpkd;&eJY t&ifutqifrajy cJhwJh wjcm;vufeufukdiftzGJUtpnf; awGuvnf; awmfawmfrsm;rsm;tpk;d &eJY pum;ajymaeMuNyD; wcsKUd qk&d if vuf rSwaf wmifrS xk;d NyD;MuNyD/ typftcwf &yfpJa&; vufrSwfrxkd;&ao;wJhtzGUJ odyfNyD; rusefawmhbl;vkdY uRefawmf wkdY avhvmokH;oyfrdygw,f/ Voice : q&mwkYd uvnf; Nidr;f csrf; a&;ukd vkv d m;w,f/ tpk;d &tzGUJ tpnf; twGif;rSmvnf; Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkdvm; olrsm;w,f/ 'gayrJh tckvuf&SdrSm jynfaxmifpktqifhqkdayr,fh typf tcwf&yfpJa&;yJ &Sdao;wmaygh/ wu,fawmh t&ifppftpk;d &vufxuf rSm 17zGUJ eJY Nidr;f csrf;a&; aqG;aEG;xm;

wm&Sdayr,fh wpfcsdefusawmh jyefNyD; ysufoGm;cJhw,f/ vGwfvyfa&;&NyD; aemufykdif;ESpfaygif; 60 avmuf twGif;rSm tJ'DtjzpftysufawG cP cP BuKHawGUaecJ&h w,f/ xm0&Nidr;f csrf;a&;&oGm;zkYd twGuf bmut"du tvkdtyfqkH;vJ/ xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&; azmfaqmifEkdifzkdY t"dun§d,l&r,fh udpöu bmjzpfrvJ/ Col. SL : xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;&&SdzkdY twGufukd tm;vkH;aomtzGJUtpnf; awG? Ekid if aH &;ygwDawG? 'Dtm;vk;H aom vufeufukdiftzGJUtpnf;awGaygh/ tpkd;&tzGJUeJY awGUqkHaqG;aEG;rItay: rlwnfygw,f/ wu,fhxm0&Nidrf; csrf;a&;twGuf zGJUpnf;ykHtajccH Oya'ay:rSmvnf; rlwnfygw,f/ zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'u 'Dwkdif;&if; om;awGtwGuf b,fvkdtusKd;ouf a&mufrI &SdovJ/ tJ'Dudpöuvnf; ygygw,f/ aemufwpfcu k awmh wkid ;f &if;om;awG&,f? twku d t f cHtzGUJ awG aygh/ vufeufukdiftzGJUtpnf;wpfck jzpfjzpfaygh/ 'DOya'abmiftwGif;0if vmNyD;awmh olwkdYukd tusKd;jyKr,fh enf;vrf;awGa&m &Sdyghrvm;/ olwkdY ukd tusKd;rjyKbl;vkdY olwkdYcHpm;vm &&if typftcwf&yfpGJa&;yJjzpfjzpf? Nidrf;csrf;a&;yJjzpfjzpf xm0&ckdifNrJygh rvm;qkad wmh uReaf wmfwYdk awmfawmf oHo,&Sdygw,f/ [kd;t&ifwkef;u vnf; tzGUJ tpnf;wcsKUd u olwYt dk wGuf tusKd;r&SdwJhtwGuf Nidrf;csrf;a&;awG jyefNyD; zsuf&jcif;yJjzpfwmukd;/ uRef awmfwkdY&JU tm;vkH;aom vlBuD;rif; awG? EkdifiHawmftBuD;tuJawGeJY acgif;aqmifawGaygh/ 'Dwkdif;&if;om; acgif;aqmifawG&JU apwemuvnf; trsm;BuD;ygygw,f/ ESpfzufpvkH;&JU apwemawGtay:rSm rlwnfygw,f/ Nidrf;csrf;a&; azmfaqmifEkdifrvm;qkd wm tJ'Dpdwf&if;&Sdovm;? r&Sdovm; qkdwJhtay:rSm rlwnfygw,f/ Voice : q&mwkdY a'orSmvnf; umvMum&SnfppfyGJawGjzpfvmwmqkd awmh tJ'Da'orSm&SdwJh wkdif;&if;om; awG&JU tajctaeav;awGukd odcsif ygw,f/ Col. SL : uReaf wmfwYdka'orSm ppfyJG awG jzpfvmw,fqw dk m vGwv f yfa&; p&cgprSm jzpfcJhw,faygh/ 'DbufrSm ppf'PfcH&wJholawG trsm;BuD;aygh/ wcsKdUqkd&if tkd;ypftdrfypfeJY wjcm; a'oukd wdr;f a&Smif&wJh tjzpfrsKd;awG vnf;&Sdygw,f/ vlYtcGifhta&;awG bmrS vufcrH &&Sw d hJ vlom;awGtukef jzpfaeMuwmukdvnf; uRefawmfwkdY awGU&Sd&ygw,f/ ausmfqef;rif;? ndrf;ol


40

VOICE

The

TIPS

Monday, February 6 - 12 , 2012

rdbuom;orD;udk twif;tusyfay;pm;Ekdifovm; atmifEkdif (vufyHwef;)

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bwkdif;uom;orD;udk tvGeftrif;cspfMuonf/ xdkYaMumifh rdbrsm;u om;orD;rsm;udkydk;arG;ovdk jyKpkapmifha&SmufauR;arG;vmNyD; tcsdefwefvQif ausmif;xm;Muonf/ wuúodkvfodkYwufapí bGJUrsm;,laponf/ raumif;arwåm aumif;&mnTefvwfum om;orD;udk tvkyftudkifae&mwusjzpfap&ef pDpOfay;Muonf/ xkdYaemuf om;orD;wdkY aemifa&;pdwfat;&ap&ef tdrfaxmifcsay; Muonf/ xdkokdY rdbrsm;uom;orD;udk tdrfaxmifcsay;&mü om;orD;\ oabmwlncD surf ygbJ twif;tusyfay;pm;Ekdifjcif;&Sd? r&Sd Oya'aMumif;t& wifjyvdkygonf/

jrefrmh"avhxHk;wrf;Oya't& tMuifvifr,m;jzpf&aomtaMumif; oHk;&yf&Sdygonf/ ¤if;wdkYrSm (1) rdb ESpyf g;ay;xdr;f jrm;jcif;? (2) olwpfyg; atmifoG,fojzifh xdrf;jrm;jcif;? (3) ESpfOD;oabmwl cspfBudKufpHkrufí xdrf;jrm;jcif;[lí jzpfygonf/ tydk'f (1) ygom;orD;udk rdbESpfyg;rSay; xdrf;jrm;jcif;qdk&mü acwf oHk;acwf ay:aygufcJhygonf/ yxracwfrSm rdbjzpfolonf rdrdwdkY\ om;orD;rsm;udk xdrf;jrm; vufxyfay;&mü orD;jzpfolonf rdbpDrHorQudk wpfcGef;wavrQ jyefvSefajymqdkcGifhr&SdbJ emcH&onfh acwfjzpfonf/ 'kwd,acwfrSm orD; jzpfoltm; ¤if;rESpfoufoludk jiif; y,fEidk cf iG ahf y;onfah cwfjzpfNyD; wwd, aemufqHk;acwfrSm orD;jzpfolukd ydk; yef;Muolrsm;xJrS orD;ESpo f ufot l m; rdbrsm;u todtrSwjf yKNyD; xdr;f jrm; ay;Muonhfacwf jzpfygonf/ tydk'f (2) jzpfaom olwpfyg;atmifoG,f ojzifh xdr;f jrm;jcif;ESihf tyd'k f (3) jzpf aom ESpfOD;oabmwl cspfBudKuf pHkrufí xdrf;jrm;jcif;wdkYrSmvnf; um,uH&iS Ef pS Of ;D \ oabmwlncD suf t& xdrf;jrm;Mujcif;jzpfygonff/ xdYk aMumifh ,cktcgjrefrmh"avh xH;k wrf;Oya't& xdr;f jrm;vufxyf a&;ü um,uH&Sifrsm;jzpfaom a,musfm;ESifh rdef;rwdkY\ vufxyf

aygif;oif;Mu&efoabmwlnDrIrSm ta&;BuD;qHk;jzpfygonf/ xdrf;jrm; vufxyf&ef owdkYom;ESifhowdkYorD; wdkY\ qE´tavsmufvGwfvyfpGmay; onfh oabmwlnDcsufr&SdvQif xdrf; jrm;vufxyfrI w&m;Oya'ESihf rnD nGwfay? wnfNrJckdifrmrIvnf;r&Sd[k armifpdefnGefYESifh rat;Munf (1962? r.w.p? ½H;k csKyf? pm-404) ? armifoed ;f ESifh roufESif; (twGJ-8 ? t,f.bD. tm pm -347)? rodef;wifESifh armif zd;k oHk (at-tdik -f tm-1930 ? &efuek ?f pm-210) wdYk wiG f wnDwnGww f nf; xHk;zGUJxm;onf/ oabmwlnDrIqdkonfrSm rdrd oabmtavsmuf vGwv f yfpmG ay;onfh qE´jzpf&rnf/ xdrf;jrm;vufxyf&ef oabmwlnrD o I nf ],ckypöKyeÜ u f mv} ü jyKvyk &f efjzpf&rnf? tem*wfumv twGuf rjzpfap&[k armifxeG ;f atmif ESifh rat;Munf (twGJ 14 ? &efukef? pm-215 pHknDcHk) trIwGif xHk;zGJUxm; onf/ ]tusyftwnf;jzpfaeí ray; csifay;csifESifh ay;&onfh oabmwl nDro I nf w&m;Oya't&vdt k yfonfh oabmwlncD surf [kw}f [k raxG;ESihf vD[def (twGJ 13? bD-t,f-wD? pm-105) wGif xHk;zGJUxm;onf/ xdrf;jrm;vufxyf&ef ESpfzuf vlBuD;csif;aphpyfaMumif;vrf;onfh tcg um,uH&iS f a,musmf ;ESihf rde;f r wdYrk &SMd ubJ rde;f uav;uvnf; vlBu;D

rsm;aphpyfvkdYom ,l&rnfhtajctae jzpfygu um,uH&Sif rdef;uav; onf xdrf;jrm;vufxyf&ef udpöudk oabmrwlaMumif;xif&Sm;onf[k armifped n f eG YfEiS hf rat;Munf(1962 ? r.w.p? ½H;k csKyf ? pm- 404) wGif xH;k zGUJ xm;csuf&Sdygonf/ xdr;f jrm;rIwiG f rnfonft h crf; tem;rQrvdkacs/ ESpfOD;oabmwlnD

csuo f mvQif vdt k yfonf/ oabmwl nDcsuu f kd xif&mS ;atmifwu dk ½f u kd rf jy EkdifvQif vifESifh r,m;wdkY\ tjyK trlESifh ausmfapmowif;udk axmuf xm;&rnf[k rrJEiS hf ra&Tr (twGJ -1? ,l-bD-tm 1910-1913? pm -111) wGifxHk;zGJUxm;onf/ xdrf;jrm;vufxyf&efESifh vif r,m;tjzpfaygif;oif;&ef ESpOf ;D oabm

wlncD suEf iS hf &nf&, G cf surf &Sb d o J mref xGuaf jy;½Hrk QEiS hf w&m;0ifxrd ;f jrm;jcif; rjzpf[k ri,frESifh armifzdk;&if (at -tkid -f tm? 1931 ? &efuek ?f pm-177) wGif xH;k zGUJ xm;onf/ r*Fvmaqmifü {nhfcHauR;arG; jcif;? r*FvmOD;vSL'gef;jcif; ponf wdkYrSm w&m;Oya't&jyKvkyf&efrvdk aomfvnf; xdrf;jrm;vufxyfaom um,uH&iS Ef pS Of ;D \ oabmwlncD suf qE´udkxif&Sm;atmifjyoonfh ouf aocHcsufjzpfonf[k rMuifjrESifh armifppf[ef (1937? tm-t,ftm? pm-103) wGifxHk;zGJUxm;onf/ rdef;ronf t&G,fa&mufNyD;ol jzpfap? t&G,fra&mufao;oljzpfap ¤if;\qE´udkqefYusifNyD; rdbrsm; u xdrf;jrm;vufxyfray;Ekdif[k armif xdkufESifh rcsKd (,l.bD.tm? 1897 -1901? pm-197) wGix f ;k H zGUJ xm;ygonf/ tcsKyftm;jzifhqdkaomf txuf azmfjyyg jrefrmh"avhxHk;wrf;Oya' pD&ifxHk;rsm;t& xdrf;jrm;jcif;udk um ,uH&Sif a,musmf ;-rde;f rwdYk oabm wlnrD o S mvQif xdr;f jrm;jcif;w&m;0if aomaMumifh om;orD;rsm;udk ¤if;wdkY oabmrwlbrJ b d rsm;u twif;tusyf ay;pm;jcif;rjyKEidk yf gaMumif; today; wifjytyfygonf/ (usrf;udk; - OD;{armif\ jrefrmAk'¨ bmomw&m;Oya'? OD;jrpde\ f jrefrmh "avhxHk;wrf;Oya') atmifEkdif (vufyHwef;)

LETTER TO THE EDITOR

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THE VOICE WEEKLY 41

Vol.8 / No.8 - February 6 - 12, 2012

41

FOREIGN AFFAIRS Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

43

VOICE

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44

VOICE

The

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

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SPORT Soccer Weekly Fixtures

4-2-2012 (paeaeY) y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOf (24) tmqife,fESifh bvufbef; n 7;30 em&D TV aem0pfcsfESifh abmfvfwef n 9;30 em&D TV usLyDtmESifh 0kAf n 9;30 em&D TV pwkwfpD;wD;ESifh qef;'g;vef; n 9;30 em&D TV 0ufpfb&Grf;ESifh qGrfqD; n 9;30 em&D TV 0D*efESifh tJAmwef n 9;30 em&D TV *smrefbGef'ufpfvD*g yGJpOf (20) Ek&ifbwfESifh a'ghref eHeuf 2;00 em&D TV avAmulqifESifh pwk*wf n 9;00 em&D TV a&SmfuDESifh rdefYZf n 9;00 em&D TV [dkzif[drf;ESifh atmhpfbwf n 9;00 em&D 0kzfbwfESifh *vufbwf n 9;00 em&D TV [mombmvifESifh [efEkdAm n 9;00 em&D TV tDwvDpD;&D;at yGJpOf (22) pDqDemESihf umwm;eD;,m; n 11;30 em&D TV pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf (22) rma,mhumESifh bufwpf n 11;30 em&D TV bDvfbmtdkESifh tufpfyefñkd n 11;30 em&D TV vDAefaw;ESifh a&;qif; n 11;30 em&D 5-2-2012 (we*FaEGaeY) y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOf (24) refpD;wD;ESifh zlvf[rf eHeuf 00;00 em&D TV e,l;umq,fESifh tufpwefADvm n 8;00 em&D TV cs,fqD;ESifh ref,l n 10;30 em&D TV *smrefbGef'ufpfvD*g yGJpOf (20) [rf;bwfESifh bdkif,efjrLepf eHeuf 00;00 em&D TV z½dkif;bwfESifh 0g'gb&Drif n 9;00 em&D TV udkifZmqavmhwefESifh udkvHk; n 11;00 em&D TV tDwvDpD;&D;at yGJpOf (22) ½dk;rm;ESifh tifwmrDvef eHeuf 2;15 em&D TV *sDEdktmESifh vmZD,dk n 6;00 em&D TV ygvmrdkESifh twåvEÅm n 8;30 em&D TV vufcsDESifh bkdavmhnm n 8;30 em&D TV EdkAm&mESifh uuf*vD,m&D n 8;30 em&D csDa,AdkESifh yg;rm; n 8;30 em&D *sLAifwyfpfESifh qDem n 8;30 em&D TV zDtkd&ifwD;em;ESifh tl'D;eD;pf n 8;30 em&D TV pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf (22) *Dwmaz;ESifh &D;&Jruf'&pf eHeuf 1;30 em&D TV bmpDvkdemESifh qdkpD'uf eHeuf 3;30 em&D TV *D*RefESifh tdkqmqlem nae 5;30 em&D TV qDADvmESifh ADvm&D;&Jvf n 11;30 em&D TV 6-2-2012 (wevFmaeY) tDwvDpD;&D;at yGJpOf (22) atpDrDvefESifh emydkvD eHeuf 2;15 em&D TV pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf (22) Zm&m*dkZmESifh A,fvufumEdk eHeuf 1;15 em&D TV tufovufwDudkESifh AvifpD,m eHeuf 3;00 em&D TV 7-2-2012 (t*FgaeY) y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOf (24) vDAmyl;ESifh pyg;pf eHeuf 2;30 em&D TV pydefvmvD*g yGJpOf (22) *&efem'gESifh rmvm*g eHeuf 2;30 em&D TV jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*f yGJpOf (5) 4-2-2012 (paeaeY) &efuek Ef iS hf rauG; nae 3;30em&D (&efuek af vhusiahf &;uGi;f ) {&m0wDESifh aejynfawmf nae 3;30 em&D (y'kr®muGif;) aZ,sma&T a jrES i f h [H o m0wD nae 3;30 em&D (rH k & G m uG i f ; ) &u©yl&ESifh raemajr nae 4;00 em&D (atmifqef;uGif;) 5-2-2012 (we*FaEGaeY) ZGJuyifESifh &wemyHk nae 4;00 em&D(atmifqef;uGif;) csif;,lEdkufwufEiS hf Southern jrefrm nae 3;30 em&D(avhusifah &;uGi;f ) arm&0wDESifh uarÇmZ nae 3;30 em&D (y'kr®muGif;)

-

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

English Premier League Prediction Match (24)

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47 Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

VOICE

The


48

VOICE

The

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012


Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

Vol.8 / No.8

The

SUPPLEMENT

VOICE Weekly

49 A

VOICE

The

February 6 - 12 , 2012

NEWS MAKER

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WEATHER

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50 B

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SUPPLEMENT

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

EDUCATION

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EXPORT / IMPORT

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ICT

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Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

SUPPLEMENT

C 51 VOICE

The

POLITICS

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CITY DEVELOPMENT

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EDUCATION

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52 D

VOICE

The

SUPPLEMENT

Monday, February 6 - 12, 2012

MEDIA

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ab;qdk;rsm;eJh EdkifiHa&;upm;uGufrsm;wwGJwGJ (Disaster as Political Catalyst)

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