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Safety cards

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The safety cards have been produced by the Finnish National Rescue Association (SPEK) in collaboration with the Inclusive Safety and Security for Special Groups (OTE) and the Inclusive Safety and Security for Immigrants (OTE-M) projects. The focus groups of the cards are people in special groups, people with immigrant backgrounds and their families, NGOs, the social welfare and health care sector as well as the emergency services and students. Likewise, the cards are suitable for anyone interested in safety and security. The aim of the material is to provide an integral base of information on everyday security technologies and other products and practices that improve security. The safety cards consist of 50 cards. The pack contains five joker cards, 44 theme cards and a cover card. The joker cards provide more extensive safety and security information about the seasons, everyman’s right, mobility, and the impact of lifestyles and social safety nets on everyday safety.


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The cards are divided into four themes

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Contents of the cards There are 11 cards produced for each theme. The cards evaluate why, where and how to use the product or its method of operation. There are useful tips and more information on the cards, as well. The cards also provide information on the estimated lowest cost (2019 price level) of the products and potential points of purchase. Prices are indicative as the final price will be influenced by brand, product structure, quality and place of purchase. Common names are used for places of purchase and all of the products can also be found from web stores.

Retail The pack of cards as well as some of the products are also available from the SPEK web store: http://verkkokauppa.spek.fi/. The cards are available both in hardcopy and in electronic format. In addition to the Finnish language material, Safety cards are available in ten other languages. The different language versions are available electronically atwww.spek.fi/OTE and www.spek.fi/OTE-M as of the beginning of 2020. The material is freely downloadable for non-commercial use when citing the source. The cards are produced with the support of the Funding Centre for Social Welfare and Health Organisations (STEA). The first edition of the cards was released in November 2019.  

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Lifestyles -

intoxicants, tobacco and medicines


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Lifestyles - intoxicants, tobacco and medicines

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Alcohol Alcohol is often used for partying and some people use it for intoxication. Excessive alcohol consumption increases the risk of illness and accidents, causes social problems and can shorten life expectancy. Alcohol is a contributing cause to many drownings, traffic accidents, and trips and falls. The use of alcohol endangers safety both in cold weather and in hot weather. If you drink, don’t drive. Alcohol is prohibited in the workplace and on the road. Alcohol should not be taken together with medicines.

Tobacco Tobacco is legal in Finland. Minors under 18 years of age are not allowed to buy or possess tobacco, and tobacco must not be sold or given to a minor. Smoking poses significant health hazards. It increases the risk of getting cancer. Tobacco smoke is also unhealthy. Smoking is prohibited in public areas. Smoking increases the risk of fire. The risk is exacerbated when smoking is combined with substance abuse. When smoking, ensure that no flammable materials are present. Cigarette butts should be placed in a non-combustible ashtray or jar. Careless smoking outdoors increases the risk of wildfires.

Medicines Medicines are used to treat illnesses. Alcohol or other intoxicating substances should not be used together with medicines, otherwise they do not function as intended and may cause side effects. Medicines should be used as directed by your doctor. Medicines should be purchased at the chemist’s. Another person’s prescription drugs should never be used.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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©Juho Sihvonen

Mobility ELÄMÄNTAVAT


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Why pay attention to this? Tripping and falling causes the most accidental deaths in Finland. Even moving about in traffic can endanger everyday safety. The safety of mobility must therefore be given special attention, both indoors and outdoors.

How do I make sure? The safety of mobility consists of several different aspects. Always ensure unobstructed pathways and good general lighting. If necessary, use mobility aids. Ensure unobstructed mobility. Keep paths and doorways clear. Minimise the volume of unnecessary things (fire load) both in the home and in the stairwells. Make sure that any ramps and stairs are fitted with sturdy handrails. Make sure that the yard and walkways are sanded for slippery conditions. Ensure good lighting indoors and outdoors. You can improve the lighting with spotlights or stand-alone lamps. Outside, extra light comes from a variety of flashlights and headlamps. Also remember muscle fitness and the fitness band, safety when moving about outdoors, appropriate footwear for the conditions and the weather. Take advantage of positioning technology in case you get lost. Vision and hearing also support safe movement. Wear glasses and a hearing aid if necessary. A communicator amplifier is also a good mobility safety feature prior to purchasing a personalised hearing aid.

Mobility and traffic When travelling in traffic, you should choose a safe time and route. If you have problems driving, consider giving up driving voluntarily. Mobility safety also needs to be taken into account when cycling and walking. Remember the traffic rules, both seeing and being seen.

Aids provide safety Exercise is important for maintaining muscle fitness and it also brings pleasure to everyday life. Therefore, exercise is worthwhile, even if it is challenging. With the help of the correct aids, you can keep going even though your performance is reduced. The company of another person will also help you exercise safely!

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Everyman’s right ELÄMÄNTAVAT


Everyman’s rights

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In Finland everyman’s right is extensive: you can wander about and freely enjoy nature in many ways. Everyman’s right applies to everyone living and staying in Finland. You don’t have to ask for permission. Please remember that everyman’s right does not apply to nature conservation areas, such as national parks. When visiting such an area, always check the area’s rules in advance. Their rules take precedence over everyman’s right.

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Walk, ski or cycle freely. However, not in someone’s yard or in cultivated areas or cultivated fields To temporarily stay and camp out overnight in areas where movement is also otherwise permitted Pick wild berries, mushrooms and unprotected plants Angle and ice fish (remember the fishing licence) Move on waterways and on ice.

I am not allowed to • • • • • • • • • •

Disturb or harm others, nature or the environment Disturb bird nesting and game animals Fell or damage standing trees Take mosses, lichen, soil or wood Disturb domestic privacy Litter Use motor-driven vehicles off road without the landowner’s permission Fish and hunt without the appropriate licences Light an open fire without the landowner’s permission Light an open fire during forest fire warnings.

©The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Informal social safety net


Informal social safety net

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Why should I use it? The informal social safety net supports you in your everyday life and living. It increases human safety and adds to the sense of security.

Where do I use it? You can ask for help or your loved ones can provide help in any situation where your own skills or resources are insufficient. The safety net becomes handy when you need physical, psychological or psychosocial support. The need for support can arise in life crises as well as in traumatic situations.

How do I use it? Be active and assemble your own safety net from those close to you, your relatives, acquaintances or people you know through work and hobbies. Agree together with your loved ones that they are named in your safety net. Record the key people in the safety net on a form and keep the form where it can be seen. When you need help, you can look up the appropriate person on the safety net form and contact them. Explain your situation to them and ask for help.

What do I need to know? In Finland, over one million people help their loved ones. Sometimes, people have natural and even very extensive safety nets. Others’ safety nets can be very limited. On the other hand, having even one person who provides support is good. Ultimately, the safety net may only consist of the authorities whose job it is to support the person in need.

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My safety net form can be found at: www.spek.fi/ote

There are three different social safety net models, choose the form that suits you best. On the form you can write down the names and telephone numbers of professionals who provide everyday support, the, home care staff, the chimney sweep as well as the building caretaker’s contact information. Having the information written down makes it faster and easier to find it, and get help in an emergency. © The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Seasons


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Winter The Finnish winter is long and the climate varies in different parts of Finland. Winter temperatures range from zero degrees to brutal cold spells. It can get colder than -30 degrees. Wind increases the wind chill factor. Because of the sub-zero temperatures it is important to dress warmly. It is good to wear layers of clothing. If you don’t have enough clothes on, you may get hypothermia or get frostbite. Spring In spring, the snow melts, the water levels in rivers increase, and the ice starts moving. Melting snow causes flooding. Roads may also be closed due to flooding. You must not walk on ice in spring. Even though the ice may look thick, it is so weak that it can’t support a person walking on it. In spring, do not light a fire outdoors if there is a risk of wildfire. It is also prohibited to incinerate household rubbish then. The risk of wildfire can also continue into the summer and autumn. Summer In summer, we enjoy the light and warm temperatures. However, it can sometimes get too hot. In this case, remember to drink enough and protect yourself from excessive sunlight. Prolonged heat stresses the body, so try to keep your home cool. In summer, people swim in the sea and in lakes. However, the water temperature can be cold. Learn to swim. If you cannot swim, use life jackets. Don’t leave your child unattended on the beach even for a moment. Autumn Late summer and autumn evenings are dark. When moving about outdoors, be sure to use reflectors. As temperatures drop to freezing, the roads may be slippery. In autumn, you should dress appropriately warmly. Autumn is a good time for mushroom picking. If you are picking mushrooms, learn how to identify the edible ones from poisonous mushrooms. Remember the everyman’s right. In autumn, as the temperatures drops, ice can form on the road and the road can be very slippery. You must put on winter tyres to drive the car safely. Drive carefully.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Home Safety Checklist


Home Safety Checklist

Why do I use it? Use the Home Safety Checklist to check and systematically correct your own or your loved one’s home safety hazards.

Where do I use it? In your own or a loved one’s home.

How do I use it? Get a checklist and go through each item on the list. If the item you are checking is okay, tick the green box. If there is a problem, tick the red box. Then write down the necessary corrective actions. Evaluate whether you can correct the flaws or make the changes yourself or do you need help. Record who will fix them and when. Also, make sure that the corrective action is carried out.

How much is it? The printable version is free. From the web store it’s less than € 1/copy: www.spek.fi/ote

Where do I buy it? From the SPEK website or web store. Note that there are several similar checklists. For example, rescue services distribute various checklists in their region. In addition, other kinds of lists can be found on the website.

Important to know Take your time when going through the checklist. It is a good idea to discuss safety issues and their status with the whole family. It is important that everyone is aware of potential safety shortcomings and the need to correct them. Keep in mind that the checklist does not replace any self-monitoring forms sent by the rescue services or a fire inspection. Note that a resident’s condition or life situation may change. In the event of any significant change, the checklist must be reviewed and updated.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


112 Suomi application


112 Suomi application

Why do I use it? 112 Suomi is a downloadable app for your smartphone. By using it, you get help faster in an emergency. Caller location information is automatically transmitted to the Emergency Response Centre. Emergency call processing is faster and help can be sent to the right location.

Where do I use it? In an emergency, when I need help for myself or another person.

How do I use it? Find the app 112 Suomi in your smartphone’s app store. Follow the instructions in the app store and download the app. Place the icon where you can easily see it on your phone. Allow the app to access your phone’s location. Launch the app and enter your phone number. The application is then ready for use. In an emergency, select the 112 Suomi application on your phone and press the CALL 112 button and press the handset icon. Give your name and explain the situation you need help with. Do not turn off the phone until the Emergency Response Centre operator says that you can hang up.

How much is it?

It’s free. You can call the emergency number even if you don’t have any balance left on your phone account.

Where do I buy it? 112 Suomi is available for download from application stores for free on smartphones.

Important to know Additional services of the 112 Suomi application include emergency numbers or non-urgent assistance and the transmission of emergency warnings. Update the application regularly. You can change the language used by the application and your phone number in the application settings. The GPS positioning on your phone must be turned on if you want the most accurate location information to be transmitted to the Emergency Response Centre.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Chemicals


Chemicals

Why do I use it? Chemicals are used daily. Using them makes everyday life easier.

Where do I use it?

Chemicals are used for cleaning, laundry and washing dishes as well as for personal hygiene. Chemicals are used as fuel and lubricants for cars and machines. Fertilizers, flower fertilizers included, insecticides, rat poisons and charcoal lighter fluids as well as fireworks, are all dangerous substances. Unnecessary chemicals are hazardous waste. Dispose of them properly.

How do I use it? The products have a manual. Follow it. Note the warning signs:

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hazardous to health

environmentally hazardous

gas under pressure

flammable

health hazard/ dangerous for the ozone layer

Store chemicals in their original packaging. Avoid contact with chemicals on or in the mouth, skin, eyes or lungs. Always keep chemicals out of the reach of children and pets. Wear protective equipment (gloves and goggles) and, if necessary, protect your breathing and ventilate the area.

Where do I buy it?

Home supply stores, supermarkets, web stores. Always buy chemicals from a reputable dealer.

Important to know Chemicals can be harmful to human health and the environment. Chemicals that are hazardous to health may, for example, cause skin or eye irritation, sensitization or poisoning, or may have serious long-term effects. Take into account the environmental impact of using and disposing of chemicals. Always dispose of the unnecessary chemicals properly. In the event of a chemical emergency, call 112. Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Information security


Information security

Why do I use it? Keeping your information secure helps protect against both privacy invasion and financial abuse. It also adds to the feeling of safety. The warning sticker helps you to remember that the police or the bank will never ask for Internet banking access codes or PIN numbers on the phone, on the street or at your door. However, if you get scammed, your bank’s emergency number and the emergency number 112 will speed up the reporting of potential crimes.

Where do I use it? Take care of security in all your everyday activities. Use the stickers at home and at your loved one’s home.

How do I use it? Do not give your Internet banking access codes, email passwords or any electronic access codes to another person. Write the phone number of your bank on the sticker, where you can report, in the event of an emergency, bank information phishing or something similar. Place the sticker in a noticeable place at home. The sticker will remind you never to give anyone your online banking codes. Also, don’t give out your debit card PIN number. However, if you mistakenly happen to give your information to someone, call your bank immediately and report the situation. Your bank will protect your account. Also report cybercrime to the police.

How much is it? It’s free.

Where do I buy it? It is distributed by police departments and several partner organisations. Stickers are available in Finnish, Swedish and English.

Important to know Learn IT skills and keep them up to date. Update your computer and smartphone software regularly. Use antivirus software. Take care of passwords for email and other electronic services. Be careful when opening email attachments. Not all of the good things emails promise are true! Do not share your online banking access code or debit card PIN code with anyone, including your family. Keep your bank access codes out of sight.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Personal tracking devices


Personal tracking devices

Why do I use it? Personal tracking devices are used to improve personal safety. A person can be located on a variety of devices, including a smartphone, a smart watch, or a separate personal tracking device.

Where do I use it? The tracking device can be used outdoors or in the case of someone getting lost (children and memory-impaired persons). The tracking device is used to locate the person who needs help. It is suitable for positioning outdoors. Some positioning technology can also locate a person (device) indoors. Some positioning devices also have a stand-alone alarm capability or a phone connection.

How do I use it? If you use a separate personal tracking device, you need to pair it with a smartphone. Download the tracking device application on your smartphone. Pair the device with the phone. The positioning information can then be checked if necessary. Remember to charge both devices regularly! A smartphone with positioning capability can also be used for tracking. For this you need a second smartphone.

How much is it? Separate personal tracking devices start from € 90 + cost of the tracking service based on use (data fees are approximately € 50/year).

Where do I buy it? Web stores, home supply stores, phone stores.

Important to know If the tracking device’s battery runs out, tracking is not possible. However, even if the device is turned off the tracking device may show the last detected position. Some devices are water resistant. The equipment is designed for temperatures from -10 - +40 °C. Cold conditions reduce the battery life. Exposure to direct sunlight may affect performance.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Peephole


Peephole

Why do I use it? Peepholes increase the safety and sense of security of the occupant. It can help protect against peddling and crime. The peephole allows you to see who is at the door and decide whether to open the door.

Where do I use it? In front doors.

How do I use it? The peephole is mounted on the door according to the installation instructions. Install it at a suitable height. The wide-angle lens in the peephole allows you to see the area around the front door.

How much is it? A mechanical peephole from € 10, an electronic door eye from € 40.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, hardware stores, locksmiths, web stores.

Important to know In addition to mechanical peepholes, there are electronic peepholes on the market. The simplest devices can be battery-powered. Spare batteries should be kept on hand. An electronic peephole can be installed in place of a mechanical one. Installing your device is pretty easy, but ask for help if you need it. The electronic peephole display makes it easy to identify the person at the door thanks to its large screen.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Water


Water

Why do I use it? In addition to air, food and heat, water is a necessity of life. Clean water must always be available.

Where do I use it? Keep water available and store it at all times. It is advisable to store water in case of a possible water supply disruption.

How do I use it? In Finland, tap water is, as a rule, fit to drink. You can buy bottled water at shops and kiosks. The water should be stored in separate clean water buckets with lids or in large clean containers fitted with lids for storing and transporting.

How much is it? Starting at about â‚Ź 1/bottle.

Where do I buy it? Grocery stores, kiosks, supermarkets, petrol stations.

Important to know A person needs about 2 litres of clean drinking water every day. In addition, water is needed for cooking and hygiene. Remember that the water will remain drinkable in a separate container for a few days. Water distribution may be disrupted. If any contamination is found in the water supply network, the authorities may forbid the use of tap water or issue an order to boil it. Potential water quality problems are reported in the media. In the event of longer disruptions in water supply, the municipality will organise the supply of emergency water. Remember that pets also need water.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Home emergency supply kit


Home emergency supply kit

Why do I use it? Natural phenomena such as storms, power outages, or heavy snowfall can prevent you from going to the store. The same situation may arise, for example, in the event of illness or accident. Such situations require a home emergency supply kit comprising of foods with a long shelf life which suits your diet and eating habits.

Where do I use it? At home, while travelling or at the cottage.

How do I use it? It is good to have preserved foods at home, from which you can easily make food even in emergency situations, such as during power outages. Preserved foods should be nutritious and filling. Good examples are tinned food, dried fruits, instant porridge, couscous, noodles, root vegetables, and dried food such as crispbreads and rusk.

Where do I buy it? Supermarkets, grocery stores, kiosks.

Important to know In the event of a disruption, fresh products and refrigerated products are used first. If there is no electricity, it is advisable to avoid opening the freezer to prevent food from thawing. If the power outage lasts long, it is advisable to cook and use the food in the freezer. During a power outage, food can be cooked, for example, on a camping stove. Please note that a power outage can not only prevent you from refuelling at the petrol station and buying food, but can also disrupt telephone connections. Fuel pumps, payment systems and mobile phone towers are all powered by electricity. In its simplest form, a preserved food can be tinned pea soup (vegetable) which you can easily cook or even eat cold in an emergency. Additional information: www.72tuntia.fi

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


First Aid Kit


First aid kit

Why do I use it? The contents of a first aid kit provide basic supplies for providing first aid in case of minor wounds and injuries. For more serious injuries, take action as appropriate: call 112 or seek medical attention after having provided first aid.

Where do I use it? First aid for wounds and injuries. At home, on the road, on a hike and at the cottage.

How do I use it? Learn the basics of first aid and maintain your skills. Buy first aid supplies: at least patches, bandages and scissors as well as painkillers. In the event of an accident, look for the suitable supplies for the injury in the kit. Treat the injury. Remember to wear protective gloves and disinfect the wounds.

How much is it? From 15 €.

Where do I buy it? Chemists, supermarkets, web stores.

Important to know It is good to have a first aid kit in every home. Smaller first-aid kits are available for vehicles, travel and cottage use. You can also assemble the contents of a first aid kit yourself. Instead of a first aid kit at home, it is good to have a fixed medicine cabinet with a wider selection of first aid supplies. Always keep your first aid kit or first aid supplies in one place so they are easy to find when needed. Regularly practice first aid. The contents of the first aid kit will vary depending on the manufacturer and the specific application. Check the contents of your first aid kit regularly. Note that a long shelf life will degrade the quality of some products. They may have a ‘use by’ date. Dispose of expired and used products and replace them with new ones. First aid supplies are available at the chemists.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Pill organiser


Pill organiser

Why do I use it? The pill organiser/box is a medicine tray. It helps keep a person in need of medication organised and facilitates dosing and taking medicines. The organiser makes it easy to see if the pills have been taken.

Where do I use it? The pill organiser is used at home, but it is small enough to take it with you.

How do I use it? The weekly organiser can be used to sort the medicines for the whole week into different times of the day (morning, day , evening, night).

How much is it? From 10 â‚Ź.

Where do I buy it? Chemists, home supply stores, web stores.

Important to know Make sure the medication is dosed correctly! There are also various drug dispensing machines on the market or the drugs can be pre-packaged in sachets. Both can be a great help, for example, in timing the medication for a person with a memory disorder. Note that a pill organiser in itself does not guarantee that the medication will be taken or that it will be taken at the right time. Ensure proper timing and dosing of medication.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


Sturdy Folding Ladder


Sturdy folding ladder

Why do I use it? Sturdy folding ladders are used to ensure safety in all maintenance, repair and household tasks that require climbing.

Where do I use it? At home, a folding ladder is used for all tasks that require climbing or reaching, such as installing a smoke alarm on a ceiling, replacing lamps or hanging curtains.

How do I use it? Buy a sufficiently high folding ladder, taking into account the room height of your home. Always place the ladder on a flat surface so that it cannot tip over or shift.

How much is it? Price for aluminium ladders start from â‚Ź 30-50.

Where do I buy it? Hardware stores, supermarkets.

Important to know Tripping and falling are the most common causes of accidental death in Finland. They also generate significant costs in health care. Avoid falling by getting a decent ladder and using it for all climbing tasks. Make sure the ladder legs have anti-slip treads and that the ladder base is on a fixed surface that does not slide. Note that housing companies can purchase common ladders for the residents to borrow. If your ability to function is impaired, do not climb. Rather, ask for help.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Bicycle Helmet / Safety Helmet


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Bicycle Helmet / Safety Helmet

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Why do I use it? A helmet protects against head and brain injuries. The Road Traffic Act obliges cyclists to wear a helmet.

Where do I use it? Always wear a helmet when cycling. If you are carrying another person, such as a small child, on a bicycle, the child must also wear a helmet. It’s also a good idea to use a helmet when you’re on roller skates, a kick scooter or a skateboard. A helmet is also used for sports on ice and in horse riding.

How do I use it? There are different types of helmets. Choose one that fits your purpose. A helmet must fit your head and be comfortable to wear. Adjust the helmet and close the chin strap. The helmet must not be too tight or too loose to stay on.

How much is it? From € 20.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, markets, web stores, sporting goods shops.

Important to know The helmet must be CE approved. A bicycle helmet must be replaced after withstanding an accident or other impact. A suitably sized and well-fitting helmet provides the best protection. A brightly coloured helmet improves visibility in traffic. Do not buy a used helmet because you do not know if it has been damaged from earlier impacts. In addition to the protective helmet, also get all of the other protective equipment required for each sport!

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Grab bar (Safety handle)


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Why do I use it? A grab bar improves the safety of mobility. Getting up and moving about are easier when a handle can be used for support.

Where do I use it? At home, grab bars can be installed wherever the occupant needs them. They may be, for example, in the bathroom, in the kitchen and next to the bed. Support handles and handrails may also be in corridors and stairwells.

How do I use it? Grab the handle. It helps you get up from a chair or bed. It also provides support while moving about.

How much is it? From € 5.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, hardware stores, web stores

Important to know Choose a grab bar that is sturdy enough to withstand use. The handle must be securely fastened in a suitable place, for example on a wall. Also pay attention to the colour of the grab bar. A contrasting coloured handle is easy to see against a light wall. Installing grab bars in wet rooms may require the approval of the housing company. Don’t forget to waterproof and seal the moisture barrier.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Headlamp


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Why do I use it? A headlamp is a lamp attached to a headband or, for example, a woollen hat. It frees both hands for working in the dark, for example. The headlamp also makes the user more visible in traffic.

Where do I use it? The headlamp can be used as an additional light or for working in the dark, walking in the forest, reading a map, moving about outdoors in the dark or walking the dog in the twilight hours. Every home should have a headlamp in case of a power failure.

How do I use it? Fit the headlamp headband around your head. Turn on the lamp using its power switch. The lamp light can be then pointed in the required direction.

How much is it? From â‚Ź 5.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, web stores, outdoor sporting and camping goods stores

Important to know There are both rechargeable and battery-powered headlamps. Be sure to charge the lamp regularly. If the lamp runs on batteries, make sure you always have spare batteries. Instead of a headlamp, you can use a torch. The headlamp is more useful because it frees both hands for working, carrying things or opening a door, for example.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Anti-slip mat


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Why do I use it? An anti-slip pad under a carpet or an anti-slip mat prevents slipping and subsequent falls. Anti-slip mats can improve safety indoors. An anti-slip mat improves safety when moving about in the bathroom or when taking a shower or bath.

Where do I use it? An anti-slip pad, mesh or felt, is used under slippery carpets. It is well suited for families with children and, for example, elderly people’s homes. Anti-slip mats can be used in bathrooms.

How do I use it? Anti-slip fabric or felt can be purchased by the piece or per metre. Put a carpet-sized piece of anti-slip material under the carpet. It must not show from under the rug. Anti-slip mats for wet rooms are available as ready-made mats. They are used on the floor of bathrooms, under the shower or on the bottom of the bath.

How much is it? Anti-slip mesh or felt starting from € 3/metre. Anti-slip mats start from € 20.

Where do I buy it? Fabric stores, home supply stores, web stores.

Important to know If a carpet poses the risk of falling, evaluate whether it can be replaced with a safer, for example thinner, carpet. A carpet that poses a trip risk may, in the end, have to be disposed of.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Flotation vests / Life jackets


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Why do I use it? Life jackets are a mandatory means of survival when moving on the water. If somebody falls overboard, a life jacket makes it possible for them to float while waiting for help. The life jacket’s bright colour, reflector and whistle make it easier to spot and find its wearer.

Where do I use it? Life jackets are used on board rowing boats, motor boats or sailboats, or similar watercraft. Everyone on the boat must wear a life jacket. For young children, life jackets are also recommended while on the beach.

How do I use it? There are many types of life jackets. Select one according to its usage. Try on the life jacket before buying. Life jackets should be large enough to fit, but tight enough to stay on. Life jackets should be put on according to their instructions. Before using life jackets, make sure that they are intact.

How much is it? From € 30.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, markets, web stores, sporting goods stores.

Important to know Life jackets can only save someone if they are properly being worn when the person falls into the water. When buying life jackets, make sure they are CE marked.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Reflectors


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Why do I use it? Reflectors and reflective vests enhance the visibility and safety of pedestrians and other light traffic in the dark.

Where do I use it? Reflectors should be used outdoors when it is dark. Reflective vests can also be worn by young children to help them be more noticeable. A reflective vest is used in many jobs to ensure visibility. Always keep and store a reflective vest in the car. If you have to stop and leave the car while travelling, first put on your vest so that other road users will notice you.

How do I use it? The reflector can be a fixed part of the garment or you can use separate reflectors. The reflector can be attached with a safety pin to a jacket or bag. The Stretch - Reflector band is placed on a jacket sleeve, shoe or trouser leg. Velcro reflectors can be attached anywhere. It is good to use several reflectors at the same time. The reflective vest is worn over other clothing. There are different sizes of reflective vests. Wear a vest big enough to fit over your outerwear.

How much is it?

From â‚Ź 2. Many companies and organisations distribute reflectors free of charge in the autumn.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, markets, web stores

Important to know When purchasing reflectors or reflective vests, make sure they have CE and EN markings. Please note that reflector-like toys, which do not reflect well enough, are also being sold, but they are not reflectors! Remember to keep the reflective vest clean. Protect it (for example in the car) against light and dirt. If the reflective vest gets dirty, wash it. Please note that repeated washing reduces its reflectiveness. Buy a new vest when needed.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Nightlight


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Why do I use it? A nightlight is used for basic lighting in the dark. It makes it safer to move around in the home because you can see the surroundings. The risk of tripping and falling is reduced. A nightlight makes it easier to find the light switch.

Where do I use it? A nightlight can be put, for example, in the bedroom and, if necessary, in areas where people move about. A nightlight can also be used in the stairwell or in the yard.

How do I use it? The nightlight is attached to the wall socket (power point). The nightlight can be on all the time or it can be equipped with a light sensor which lights up when it is dark. A nightlight fitted with a motion detector detects motion and lights up automatically when someone is moving around it.

How much is it? From â‚Ź 5.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, web stores.

Important to know Nightlights come in different colours. Choose a nightlight so that the colour of the light makes it easier for the resident to identify objects and does not evoke frightening or deceptive shadows. Note that there are also bulbs or lamps fitted with motion detectors on the market. They can be used in any lamp and can replace the nightlight. The light comes on when you move in the room and the light goes out with a delay when the person settles in or leaves the room. Make sure the light stays on long enough. Lamps with motion detectors are suitable for almost any room. Note that a nightlight with a motion detector may not be suitable for a person with memory disorders.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Seat belts and safety seat


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Why do I use it? Using seat belts is mandatory in cars and buses if seat belts are available. A seat belt protects you in the event of an accident. The use of a child safety seat or booster seat in vans or cars is mandatory for children shorter than 135 cm. The child safety seat holds the child securely and protects him/her in the event of an accident.

Where do I use it? In the car, on the bicycle.

How do I use it? Seat belts are standard equipment in cars. A child safety seat is purchased separately and is secured to the car seat or bicycle in accordance with its installation instructions. FOLLOW THE INSTALLATION AND USE INSTRUCTIONS. The child is fastened to the child seat with the vehicle’s own seat belts, which must be properly tightened. For children under the age of three, the safest way to travel in the car is in the back seat, with the seat facing backwards. If the child can no longer fit in the child car seat, use a booster cushion.

How much is it? From € 50.

Where do I buy it? Children’s stores, home supply stores, web stores

Important to know When purchasing a child safety seat, make sure it is CE and ECE approved. The safety seat will remain safe for approximately five years, after that its plastic structure becomes brittle. A car safety seat which has been in a crash should no longer be used because its structure may have been damaged. A child must never sit in your lap when travelling by car! Every child shorter than 135 cm must be seated in a separate car safety seat or on a booster cushion.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Slippers and non-skid socks


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Why do I use them? Slippers and non-skid socks keep the feet warm and prevent slipping on slippery floors.

Where do I use them? Slippers or socks can be used anywhere indoors.

How do I use them? The slippers can be used with or without socks.

How much are they? From â‚Ź 5.

Where do I buy them? Department stores, shoe stores, web stores

Important to know Do not go outside wearing indoor slippers for even short periods. Their soles can be very slippery outdoors. Keep in mind that the soles of slippers also wear out, which may reduce their grip. Slippers and socks must be the right size. Note that non-skid socks are not suitable for all people. Always check the suitability of socks and slippers on a case by case basis.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Studded shoes and anti-slip shoe grips


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Studded shoes and anti-slip shoe grips

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Why do I use them? Studded shoes, putting studs on shoes or wearing anti-slip shoe grips protect against falling when it’s slippery outside. They make it safer and more comfortable to move about outdoors, without having to worry about slipping.

Where do I use them? On shoes outdoors in slippery weather.

How do I use them? Studs are already in place on the soles of studded shoes and boots. Depending on the model, anti-slip shoe grips are attached to the sole or the toe of the shoe. Shoe grips should not be used indoors, but rather should be removed when entering a building.

How much are they? Separate anti-slip shoe grips start at about € 10/pair.

Where do I buy them? Web stores, shoe stores, supermarkets.

Important to know There are many types and sizes of anti-slip shoe grips. When shopping for grips, choose the right size for your shoe. Alternatively, you can buy studded shoes with pre-fitted studs. There are also studded winter boots and shoes available where the studs can be withdrawn inside the sole and can be used indoors, too. Instead of studs, you can improve the grip of your winter shoes by asking a shoe repair shop to replace the heels or soles with a material that has better friction.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Resistance band


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Resistance band

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Why do I use it? The resistance band is intended to maintain and strengthen muscular fitness. Adequate muscle strength is a prerequisite for safe movement and good balance. Good muscular fitness prevents falls, improves safety, and can enhance your sense of security.

Where do I use it? The resistance band can be used anywhere and is easy to carry due to its small size. It can be used both indoors and out.

How do I use it? See the packaging for tips on how to use it. Resistance bands can be used to strengthen the muscles of the hands, feet and whole body.

How much is it? From â‚Ź 5.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, sporting goods stores

Important to know The resistance band is suitable for all people regardless of age. In some cases, it is advisable to consult a physiotherapist before starting training on your own. Flat and tubular resistance bands are being sold. They are available with or without handles. Handles provide a firm grip. The handle can be put around a doorknob or around the foot, depending on the exercise.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association2019


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Carbon Monoxide Alarm


Carbon Monoxide Alarm

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Why do I use it? A carbon monoxide alarm measures and alerts you if carbon monoxide gas enters the room. Carbon monoxide is a hazardous flammable gas and its effect is rapid and undetectable (it is odourless and tasteless). Already at low concentrations, it causes discomfort or loss of consciousness. Severe carbon monoxide poisoning can lead to death.

Where do I use it? Carbon monoxide alarms are available for all homes and holiday homes that use wood or gas cookers, fireplaces, wood-burning stoves or other open fires.

How do I use it? Carbon monoxide moves with the airflow because it is slightly lighter than air. The proper place for carbon monoxide alarms is on the wall, not on the ceiling. Always follow the manufacturer’s installation instructions. A carbon monoxide alarm sounds an alarm if it measures a dangerous amount of carbon monoxide in the room. Some carbon monoxide alarms only sound an alarm, and some indicate the concentration of carbon monoxide on a display. The functioning of a carbon monoxide alarm, just like a FIRE ALARM, should be regularly tested using the test button.

How much is it? € 15 - 40 (the cheapest is not necessarily the best).

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, markets, hardware stores, web stores.

Important to know When purchasing a carbon monoxide alarm, ensure that it has CE and SFS-EN markings. Some carbon monitors also display the temperature; make sure that you are looking at the correct value. The carbon monoxide detector does not replace a smoke detector, but serves as additional protection. In addition to a separate carbon monoxide alarm, there must be a smoke alarm in the home. Learn how to use the fireplace properly.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Fire extinguisher


Fire extinguisher

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Why do I use it? To extinguish a fire before it can spread. Portable fire extinguishers can also be used to limit a fire until the rescue department arrives.

Where do I use it? Fire extinguishers can be used to extinguish a fire both indoors and out. Fire extinguishers can be used at home, at the cottage, on the boat, in the car and in the caravan. Fire extinguishers are also provided in all public areas.

How do I use it?

In the event of a fire, grab hold of the fire extinguisher and pull out its safety pin. Grasp the end of the hose, press the handle and direct the extinguishing agent at the base of the flames. Continue doing so until the fire goes out or the extinguishing agent runs out. If the fire goes out quickly, don’t waste the remaining extinguishing agent. A hot spot may ignite and you may need the fire extinguisher again.

How much is it? From € 20.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, fire safety equipment stores, hardware stores, web stores

Important to know When purchasing a fire extinguisher, make sure that it has CE and SFS-EN markings and is appropriate for its use purpose. The fire extinguisher label says for what kind of fires it is best suited. While a powder extinguisher extinguishes fire effectively, the powder spreads everywhere. Liquid extinguishers are suitable for indoor use. Liquid is easier to clean than powder, but a liquid extinguisher is only suitable for spaces where the temperature does not drop below freezing. Fire extinguishers come in different sizes. When purchasing a fire extinguisher, make sure you are strong enough to handle it. Have the fire extinguisher checked periodically. Replace a used fire extinguisher with a new one as soon as possible.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Candles and outdoor open flame burners


Candles and outdoor open flame burners

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Why do I use it? Candles create a nice atmosphere when it’s dark outside. A candle can be used to replace a light, for example during a power outage. An LED candle reduces the risk of fire because there is no flame. An LED candle looks like a real candle.

Where do I use it? You can burn candles indoors or outdoors. An LED candle can replace a regular candle. It is well suited to families with children and homes with pets, for example. Outdoors it is also possible to use open flame burners.

How do I use it? The candle is lit with matches or a lighter. Keep the candle on a non-flammable surface in a safe place. There mustn’t be any highly flammable material near the candle. If you leave the room, extinguish the candles. LED candles work on batteries. On the bottom of the candle there is a power switch. Some LED candles also have a timer or remote control option. Open flame burners may only be lit outdoors in an open area. It is prohibited to use them on balconies. There should be a large enough empty area around the open flame burner.

How much is it? From € 1.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, markets, web stores.

Important to know About one hundred building fires are caused by candles in Finland each year. Typically, this is the result of a candle burning down or falling over and the material under or around it catching fire and spreading from there. Also, the melting wax of candles or votive candles burning too close to each other can burst into flames. Consider the suitability of LED candles on a case by case basis. When using them, keep in mind that, for example, a person suffering from a memory disorder can mistakenly think that an LED candle is an ordinary candle and try to light it. If you use small LED candles, make sure that their button cell type batteries do not end up in the hands or mouths of children. Never leave a candle or an outdoor open flame burner unattended. © The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Battery box and extension cord for a smoke alarm


Battery box and extension cord for a smoke alarm

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Why do I use it? A battery box makes it easier to replace the smoke alarm battery. You can do this without climbing.

Where do I use it? Use it with a smoke alarm. Make sure the battery box is compatible with the smoke alarm.

How do I use it? Connect the battery box cord to the smoke alarm’s battery terminals. Put the smoke alarm back into place and attach the cord to the ceiling and wall. Attach the battery box to the wall at a suitable height. Connect the battery to the other end of the cord. Put the battery in the box and close its lid. Then test the smoke alarm.

How much is it? € 12 - 35.

Where do I buy it? Assistive devices stores, fire safety products stores, hardware stores, web stores.

Important to know Test the FIRE ALARM the normal way once a month. Change the battery if necessary. The battery is easy to take out and replace. The battery can also be easily removed in the case of a false alarm, for example when cooking, but be sure to replace the battery after ventilating. Instruct children not to touch the box.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Fireboxes


Fireboxes

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Why do I use it? A wood-burning stove is traditionally used for cooking and heating. A fireplace can be used for heating, as an oven or for creating a nice atmosphere. In new homes wood-burning stoves have been replaced by electric cookers, whereas older homes may still have traditional wood-burning stoves.

Where do I use it? A stove or fireplace can be at home or at the summer cottage. A sauna can have a wood-burning stove or a cauldron (small image). A fireplace can be in any room. Outdoors here may be a fixed grill with a fire box. There are also disposable grills on the market. These are intended for outdoor use only.

How do I use it?

Learn how to use the fireplace according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Only burn wood in the fireplace. Light the wood with matches or a lighter. Prior to ignition, open the chimney damper and any firebox air regulators. Do not close the damper until the fire has gone out completely and the embers are not glowing any more. If you close the damper too early, flue gases can escape into the room. If you feel nauseous after heating the fireplace, there may be carbon monoxide in the air. Open the doors and windows to ventilate the room and leave the room. Buy a CARBON MONOXIDE ALARM. The alarm will warn you of possible carbon monoxide gas. The area in front of the fireplace must be made of non-flammable material and kept clean. Remove ash from the fireplace regularly. Place the cooled ash in a non-combustible container.

Important to know A fireplace can be an open fireplace or it can be fitted with fireplace doors. It is a good idea to use a mesh screen in front of an open fireplace (photo) to prevent sparks from flying into the home. Fireplaces and chimneys should be swept and checked once a year; at the cottage every 2-3 years.  

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Sauna


Sauna

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Why do I use it?

Sauna is part of Finnish bathing hygiene culture. You can also just relax in the warmth of a sauna.

Where do I use it? A sauna can be in your home, in the housing company, at the summer cottage or it can be a communal sauna, for example at a public swimming pool.

How do I use it? The sauna has a stove for heating it up and benches to sit on. The sauna can be wood-fired or electrically heated. See the FIREPLACE card for the safe heating practices of a wood-heated sauna. An electric sauna has a stove with electric coils. The stove is heated by turning the power switch on. The temperature is set with its own controller. Adjust the timer for the required time. The sauna heats up in about 15-30 minutes. The control system of the stove keeps the temperature constant until it is turned off or the timer turns it off. When you go to sauna take off your clothes, wash yourself, and then climb onto the benches and sit on a bench cover. Throw water on the hot sauna stove and enjoy the steam (löyly). When you’ve had enough löyly, wash again. The sauna bench covers are washed after use. You can also use disposable bench covers made of paper.

Important to know Read the stove’s manual and learn how to use it. The stove must be protected by a handrail. The stove is burning hot, so be careful not to touch it. The hot steam can also cause burns. The sauna may only be used under adult supervision. Children must not touch the switches on the electric stove. Also, never store things or dry laundry in the sauna. FIRE HAZARD! If your residence has an electrically heated sauna, but you do not use it for bathing, remove the fuses of the sauna stove from the fuse box or turn the automatic circuit breaker OFF (switch position down). Mark the removed or disconnected fuses with the clearly marked text ’Disabled’.  

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Lighter


Lighter

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Why do I use it? Thanks to its long shaft, a lighter makes lighting a fire easier and prevents you from burning your fingers. It is easy to find and works better than matches.

Where do I use it? Use it when you light a fire or a candle, for example.

How do I use it? Open the lighter lock. Press the trigger. The flame ignites. The lighter will turn off when you stop pressing the trigger. Be sure to secure the lighter after use. If the lighter is not locked, the lighter fluid may leak, for example into a backpack, and pose a fire hazard.

How much is it? From â‚Ź 2.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, markets.

Important to know Lighters use propane or butane. Always remember fire safety! The cheapest lighters are plastic disposable ones, while the more expensive lighters are more durable and refillable. Remember to also ensure fire safety when refilling them.

Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Smoke/fire hood


Smoke/fire hood

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Why do I use it? A smoke hood is intended to protect a person’s lungs, from smoke inhalation, and eyes in the event of having to evacuate a smoke-filled home or room. It protects your lungs from fire gases, vapours and particles.

Where do I use it? In the occurrence of a house fire. When evacuating or when helping another person to evacuate. The hood can be used in the event of a residential fire if you have to protect yourself while waiting for rescuers and smoke comes into the room.

How do I use it? Take the smoke/fire hood out of its packaging, open it and pull it over your head. Models and instructions vary from manufacturer to manufacturer; see the manual for how to use yours or practice using the hood during training sessions. The fire hood has a hood part and a filter part. Some hoods have a tightening mechanism at the bottom of the hood, while other hoods are self-tightening by their design. Store the smoke/fire hood in a protective case and use it when needed.

How much is it? Starting from € 200, depending on the seller.

Where do I buy it? Fire protection stores, importers, web stores.

Important to know Keep the smoke/fire hood in a visible place where it is easily accessible. The fire hood does not protect against flames. When using it, careful consideration should be given to whether to evacuate or to protect yourself in a suitable space indoors. In the event of a fire, use only the type of fire hoods intended for domestic fires that also protect against carbon monoxide. The hood will remain usable in unopened packaging for about 8 years. If you replace the filter of an unused hood, the hood is good for another 8 years. Used hoods must be replaced. If you are helping another person evacuate a burning home, first protect your own breathing, then protect the other person’s breathing with a smoke/fire hood.   © The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Smoke alarm


Smoke alarm

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Why do I use it? A smoke alarm is statutory equipment in areas where people live or sleep. A smoke alarm detects smoke. It warns the occupant of a possible house fire and gives time for first extinguishing or evacuation. The Rescue Act obliges residents to purchase, install and maintain smoke alarms. There must be at least one smoke alarm for each 60 m2 of each floor of a residence. If the residence is over 60 m² in size, at least two smoke alarms are required.

Where do I use it? The smoke alarm can be installed in the ceiling of an entryway, hallway, bedroom, living room or similar space.

How do I use it? The smoke alarm is mounted on the ceiling. Follow the installation instructions. If the alarm sounds a warning, check if there is a fire in the residence. Extinguish the fire if first extinguishing is possible. Otherwise, evacuate the residence, warn other people and call the emergency services. If the alarm is a false alarm, remove the smoke alarm battery and ventilate the premises. Replace the battery. If the smoke alarm sounds false alarms for no apparent reason (e.g. there is no smoke caused by cooking), it must be replaced. Test the alarm once a month by pressing the test button. The smoke alarm should sound when the button is pressed. If the alarm does not work, check or replace the batteries or buy a new one.

How much is it? From € 5-10.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, hardware stores, web stores.

Important to know When purchasing a smoke alarm, make sure it has CE and SFS-EN markings. The service life of a smoke alarm is 5-10 years. The smoke alarm will alert you with a short beep when the battery is low. Make sure the battery is working and replace the battery once a year, preferably at the same time of year. (A smoke alarm can also have a 10-year battery; when the battery runs out the entire alarm needs to be replaced.) The fire alarm can also be connected to mains power, in which case the housing company is responsible for maintaining the unit.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Locking up and safe evacuation


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Why do I use it? Movement must be unobstructed. While locks protect people and property, they should not prevent you from leaving the residence. Exits and the doors leading to exits must be easily accessible from the inside in an emergency. Unhindered movement indoors and evacuation safety are part of fire safety. Combining the need for locking up with evacuation safety is an important part of home security. Window and balcony window locks protect against falling.

Where do I use it? Locks are used on doors and windows. The ability to exit from the inside must be ensured for both the main exit and the emergency exit.

How do I use it? Evacuation routes must be kept clear and not be obstructed or blocked by locks or unnecessary items. All door locks must be such that people can exit the residence quickly if necessary. Door locks must be able to be opened (from the inside) without a key. A key is only used to enter from the outside. If a window is used as an emergency exit, it must also be able to be opened, for example, with a window handle. Padlocks can be used on storeroom doors.

How much is it? Price depends on the type of lock + installation cost.

Where do I buy it? Lock stores. In blocks of flats and terraced houses, the housing company or the property manager is always responsible for replacing the door locks.

Important to know In every housing company, as in a family, you should evaluate your evacuation safety and practice fire evacuation. The emergency services estimate that there is only approximately 2‒3 minutes time for safe evacuation once a fire starts. If it takes much longer than that to evacuate the premises, evacuation safety must be improved. Ensuring evacuation safely is a common concern for housing companies. Make sure that everyone in the family, children included, can unlock the locks in an emergency. Keep the keys safe. For example, the loss of a key to a block of flats may result in the re-coding of multiple door locks and the costs may be charged to the homeowner who lost the key.   © The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Fire Blanket


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Why do I use it? Fire blankets are suitable for first extinguishing of small fires involving clothing, furniture, TVs or cookers. Fire blankets are also suitable for the first extinguishing of electrical fires and grease fires. A fire blanket is a blanket made of non-combustible material which prevents oxygen from reaching the burning object and so smothers the fire.

Where do I use it? It is a good idea to keep a fire blanket wherever there is even a slight risk of fire. Typical fires are caused by cookers, electrical faults, smoking, candles and open flames. It is a good idea to have the blanket at home, at the cottage, on the boat and in the caravan.

How do I use it? The fire blanket is fastened to a wall in a place where there is a high risk of fire. Learn how to use a fire blanket. Practice extinguishing with the blanket and then you will know how to act in an emergency. Grasp the fire blanket tabs and pull the blanket out of the bag. Grasp the tabs or corners of the blanket and wrap the blanket around your hands to protect them. Extend your arms straight forward. Gently spread the blanket over the burning object and seal it around the object so that the fire no longer receives oxygen and is smothered. Leave the blanket in place. In the event of a cooker fire, switch off the appliance/gas. Turn off the cooker hood. Report the fire to the emergency number 112. If the fire is outdoors, approach the fire from the direction of the wind, shielding yourself with the blanket. If necessary, use your foot to hold the blanket in place and smother the fire.

How much is it? From â‚Ź 10.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, hardware stores, web stores.

Important to know When buying a fire blanket, make sure its size is 120 cm x 180 cm and it is CE and SFSEN marked. Š The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Microwave oven


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Why do I use it? The microwave oven is suitable for defrosting and heating food. It is faster than a conventional oven, cost effective and quite safe to use.

Where do I use it? The microwave oven can be used at home, in a caravan or at the cottage, for example.

How do I use it? Place the food in a microwave-proof container and place it in the microwave. Put a lid approved for microwave use over the dish. Select the power setting and time and turn on the microwave. The microwave oven switches off when the selected time has elapsed or when the microwave door is opened. Take the food out of the oven. Be careful, the dish and the food may be hot. Clean the microwave oven after use.

How much is it? From € 40.

Where do I buy it? Home supply shops, web stores, markets.

Important to know There must be leave enough space for ventilation around the microwave oven. Do not store any items on top of it. Microwave ovens are safe when used as intended. Only cookware and covers that are safe for microwave ovens may be used. Always check the packaging or the label to determine if it is suited for microwaving. Note that packages or food meant for microwave cooking may also catch fire if they are heated too long or if the power setting is too high. Therefore, supervise the cooking. Teach your children how to use the microwave oven safely.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Stove alarm


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Why do I use it? A stove (cooker) alarm improves stove use and cooking safety. It sounds a warning if the hotplates/burners overheat, if an empty hotplate/burner has been left on or a pot or frying pan on the hob overheats.

Where do I use it? The alarm is used when the stove is being used. It can be mounted either on the underside of the exhaust hood or on the wall above the stove at the height of the hood.

How do I use it? The stove alarm is attached with screws, double-sided tape or with a magnet to the exhaust hood or with screws or double-sided tape onto the wall. Follow the installation instructions. The device is battery-operated and does not require electrical installation. Use the stove as you normally would. If the alarm sounds, turn off the stove, prevent a fire from starting and cancel the alarm.

How much is it? From € 30.

Where do I buy it? Home appliance stores, electrical supply stores, web stores.

Important to know The effectiveness of the stove alarm is based on the alarm sounding and the resident hearing and responding to it. The stove alarm will not prevent a fire if no one reacts to the warning sound. The stove alarm is suitable for every home, especially for families with children and persons in the early stages of a memory disorder disease.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Charging battery-powered devices


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Why do I use it? No electrical device will work without power. They are charged with a separate charger.

Where do I use it? At home, in the office, on the train, etc. Wherever you have access to mains power.

How do I use it? First, check that the charger and cable are not damaged. Then plug the charger into a power point. Connect the cord to the device you want to charge. If necessary, remove the protective cover from the device being charged, such as a phone, to avoid overheating. When the battery is fully charged, disconnect the charger from the device and the socket.

Important to know Never leave the device charging overnight or unattended. There is a risk of overheating during charging. Do not charge your phone or computer in bed or near any flammable material. If the device heats up or malfunctions, it may catch fire. Use the device’s original charger. Phones and many other electrical devices can be charged with USB chargers, via wireless charging or via a power bank (portable charger). Extra applications and features drain the battery. It is advisable to turn them off in order to prevent rapid battery drain. If your device or battery gets damaged, discard it and buy a new one.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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External power switch


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Why do I use it? The external power switch can be used to turn the power off from the cooker when it is not being used and to prevent it from being switched on accidentally. Instead of using an external power switch, you can remove the fuses from the fuse box or turn the automatic circuit breaker off (switch position down). Using an external power switch is safer and faster than removing the fuses.

Where do I use it? On the cooker.

How do I use it? Turn on the external power switch and use the cooker (see the COOKERS card) in the normal fashion. When you have finished cooking or heating the food, be sure to turn the external power switch off again. The power switch can be placed in a convenient location, for instance on the end of or inside a cupboard.

How much is it? Device + installation costs.

Where do I buy it? Ask your local home appliance or electrical supply shop for the product.

Important to know The external power switch is well suited, for example, to families with children and people with memory disorders. An external power switch also improves cooker safety for families with pets such as dogs or cats. It is an alternative to an external timer.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Stove timer


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Why do I use it? A stove timer is used to improve cooker safety. The cooker will only work when an operating time is set with the timer. It also shuts off the cooker at the selected time. The timer prevents the cooker from being switched on accidentally.

Where do I use it? On the cooker.

How do I use it? When using a cooker fitted with a timer, select the cooker operating time (minutes) on the timer’s dial. The cooker can then be used normally. The cooker will not turn on if no time has been set on the timer. The power turns off when the selected operating time has elapsed, following which the cooker cools down. If the food is not done, set more time on the timer. The cooker can have a built-in timer (a ‘safety stove’) or it can have a separate external timer. External timers require installation by an authorised electrician but can be connected to any electrical cooker. The timer can be placed in a convenient location, for example out of sight inside of or on the end of a cupboard.

How much is it? Equipment cost + installation cost.

Where do I buy it? Ask your local electrical supply shop for the product.

Important to know Don’t keep things on or near the cooker. Built-in timers or external timers will not prevent cooker fires if cooking is not supervised. If the hob is on and there is flammable material near it, a fire may start. An external timer or safety stove is suitable, for example, for families with children and people with memory disorders. They also improve cooker safety for families with pets such as dogs or cats. It is an alternative to the external power switch.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Stove / cooker guard


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Why do I use it? The stove/cooker guard automatically detects hazards, sounds the alarm and, if necessary, shuts off the cooker before a cooker fire can start. The cooker guard significantly improves cooker safety, but it does not recognise all cooker use hazards.

Where do I use it? When using the cooker.

How do I use it? The stove/cooker guard can be installed on any electric cooker. The guard consists of a sensor mounted on the exhaust hood or on the wall at the height of the exhaust hood and a control unit connected to the power supply and the hob (black box in the picture). After installation the cooker can be used in the normal fashion. The cooker guard’s sensitivity can be adjusted. If the cooker becomes extremely hot, the guard will sound an alarm. The alarm can be cancelled and cooking can continued as normal. If you don’t respond to the alarm, the cooker guard will turn off the power and the hotplates will cool down. If the stove guard switches off the power, the cooker can be reset by pressing the button on the sensor. Normally, when cooking, you do not notice the cooker guard at all.

How much is it? From € 300+ installation costs.

Where do I buy it? Electrical supply shops and electricians.

Important to know In Finland, cookers are connected to the mains and stove guards must be installed by electricians. The cooker guard must comply with European Stove Guard Standard EN 50615. The cooker guard is suitable for everyone, especially families with children, people with memory disorders and families with pets. Even if there is a stove guard on the cooker, cooking should be monitored. Likewise, the cooker and the area around the cooker must be kept free of flammable material.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Timer


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Why do I use it? Timers improve electrical and fire safety by ensuring that electrical devices are not left on after use. Programmable light timers also increase the safety of a residence when the occupant is away from home for a long time (e.g. on a trip or when hospitalised). Timer-controlled lights can be used to manage the circadian rhythm of a person suffering from a memory disorder, for example. Timers also reduce electricity consumption.

Where do I use it? Timers can be used on almost any electrical devices that do not need to be on all the time.

How do I use it? The timer can be used to set the time when the power goes on and the length of time the power stays on. The power will then turn off. Plug the timer into a socket. Connect the device to the timer.

How much is it? From € 10.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, web stores, hardware stores.

Important to know Before connecting a device to a timer, make sure that the electrical device is in working order. At the same time make sure that there are no flammable materials around the electrical device. The electrical device may already have a built-in timer.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Cookers


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Why do I use it? A cooker (including a hob or oven) is used to cook or heat food.

Where do I use it? Cookers are used in kitchens or kitchenettes.

How do I use it? Gather all of the utensils and ingredients you need for preparing the food. Do not turn on the cooker until you have completed the preparations. Start cooking. Be sure to monitor the cooking and turn off the hob and the oven after cooking.

How much is it? Starting from € 150 + installation costs. The standard installation is a fixed installation by an authorised electrician. Freestanding hobs are also cheaper. You are allowed to plug a freestanding hob into the socket yourself.

Where do I buy it? Home appliance shops, electrical supply shops, web stores.

Important to know You can use any kind of pot, frying pan or heat-resistant saucepan on cast iron and ceramic hobs. Metal, (heat-resistant) glass or ceramic pans can be used in the oven. You can only use magnetic-based metal cookware on induction hobs because the hob will not heat any other materials. Food heats up quickly on an induction hob. Always make sure you turn on the correct hotplate. REMEMBER FIRE SAFETY. NOTHING SHOULD BE STORED ON OR NEAR THE COOKER. A hotplate left on or overheated cooking fat can start a fire. The hob and its hotplates and the oven are only intended for cooking and heating food, not for heating the home.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Extension cord with on/off switch


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Why do I use it? If there are not enough power points in the home or if the cord of an electrical device is not long enough, you may need an extension cord. An extension cord is used to bring the socket closer to the device.

Where do I use it? The extension cord must be used in the area or room where it is connected to the socket. For outdoor use, use an earthed, splash-proof extension cord. Plugged it into an outdoor socket.

How do I use it? Always make sure the extension cord is intact before use. Throw away broken extension cords. Plug the extension cord into the socket. The extension cord must only be plugged into a power point that is compatible with the plug. Note that there are earthed and unearthed sockets. Connect the electrical electric device to the extension cord’s power strip. Do not connect multiple extension cords to each other. Rather, use sufficiently long extension cords.

How much is it? From € 5.

Where do I buy it? Home supply stores, web stores, hardware stores.

Important to know Connect only low-voltage electrical equipment to the power strips of extension cords. High-voltage equipment, such as heaters, can cause overloading and overheating, and blow fuses. If parts of the electrical device, the extension cord included, overheat, it is a sign of a fault or an overload that could result in a fire or an accident. The overheating of an electrical device or a power cord can also be detected by an unpleasant odour. Extension cords also come with on-off switches. When you turn the rocker switch to the OFF position it also turns off the plugs and devices attached to the cord. If the extension cord comes on a coil, the cord must be uncoiled before use, otherwise it will overheat. It is a good idea to protect the sockets and extension cords with guards when the socket is not in use. Do not use extension cords in damp areas. © The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Space heaters and fans


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Why do I use it? Portable electric heaters, electric radiators or electric heater fans are used to temporarily heat flats or rooms. The heaters provide extra heat if the normal heating system is insufficient or when the premises are not heated. Correspondingly, electric fans are used to cool the home, especially during a hot spell.

Where do I use it? For heating or cooling the residence or a single room.

How do I use it? Heaters and fans are electrical devices that are plugged into a power point. Keep the area around the heater clear of all items. Do not cover the heater or fan. Fire hazard.

Important to know Using multiple heaters or fans at the same time or connecting them under the same fuse can cause an overload and blow the fuse. It is a good idea to plug the devices into sockets connected to different fuses. If the device repeatedly blows a fuse, clean it and have it serviced or get rid of the device. Observe electrical and fire safety when using space heaters and fans. Never touch an electrical device if you are wet. Danger of electric shock. Don’t go barefoot in wet areas where there are portable electrical devices such as heaters or fans. Do not dry clothes on electric radiators or cover heaters or fans. Remember to keep the heater and fan clean and vacuum it when necessary.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019


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Fuse box

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Why do I use it? Fuses are positioned together on the distribution board, which can be open or enclosed (fuse box). The purpose of the fuses is to protect against electrical accidents and fires, as well as material damage owing to faulty electrical wiring and malfunctioning devices, or the misuse of electrical equipment. The distribution board has a main switch which shuts down electricity in the entire space.

Where do I use it? A fuse box is found in every home. It is mounted on the wall. The fuse box must be readily accessible. No items may be stored in front of it.

How do I use it? The fuse box may contain old-style circular fuses or it may include modern circuit breakers (actuator levers) instead of fuses. In addition to these, the fuse box has a main switch that turns all electricity in the home on or off in one go. If an electrical device doesn’t work, check that the fuses are properly in place and intact. Replace a blown fuse with a new one. If a circuit breaker has tripped, its actuator lever is down. Switch the electricity back on by lifting the lever up. If a circular (plug-type) fuse has tripped, press the black button to reset it. If the fuse blows repeatedly, there is a problem with its installation or with the electrical device. Contact an electrician to localise and repair the fault.

Important to know Using several electrical devices at the same time or connecting them under the same fuse can cause an overload and blow a fuse. It is a good idea to plug the devices into sockets connected to several different fuses. Fuses that are not properly in place can overheat and cause a fire. The cooker and the sauna stove can be controlled by 1-3 fuses. If you are not going to use an electrical device for a long time, or if you want to limit its availability or ensure safety for some other reason (for example, children using the sauna stove or a person suffering from a memory disorder using the cooker), disable its fuses. Mark the removed or disconnected fuses with the clearly marked text ‘Disabled’. If you switch off the use of a device, be sure to remove all fuses that control the operation of the device.

© The Finnish National Rescue Association 2019

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