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SPAZIO GIOVANI ALLA FRONTIERA

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Gorizia è nel cuore del litorale Adriatico, tra le regioni del Friuli Venezia Guilia e Zahodna Slovenija. La città è situata in un paesaggio vario tra le Alpi Giulie al nord e la costa adriatica al sud.

UNA CITTÀ DIVISA Per più d’un millennio Gorizia ha avuto un ruolo difensivo. È un paese al confine …

…. dai tempi delle fortificazioni medievali in cui si sfruttava il terreno, fino alla cortina di ferro che un tempo separava l’Italia dal Ex Iugoslavia.

Gorizia è situata al centro d’un ‘knowledge corridor’ potenziale che collega Udine, Gorizia, Trieste, Koper e Liubljiana. Questo ‘corridoio’ è come un filo dorato attraversa un territorio molto particolare e produttivo. Il nostro progetto per ‘Lo spazio giovani alla frontiera’ è profondamente radicato in questa realtà geografica ed economica.

A DIVIDED CITY For over a millennia Gorizia has had a defensive character. It is border country ...

... from medieval castellations which exploit the terrain, to the Iron Curtain which once divided Italy and the former Yugoslavia.

Gorizia lies at the heart of the upper Adriatic between the regions of Friuli Venezia Giulia and Zahodna Slovenija. The town is set in a rich landscape, between the Julian Alps to the north and the Adriatic coast to the south. Gorizia is at the centre of a potential ‘knowledge corridor’ linking Udine, Gorizia, Trieste, Koper and Ljubljana. This corridor is like a golden thread through a very particular and productive landscape. Our proposals for Il spazio giovani alla frontiera grows from this geographical and economic reality.


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Univerzi v Ljubljani

Universita’ Degli Studi di Trieste Univerza na Primorskem

Univerza v Novi Gorici

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FRONTIERA Come capita nelle zone di frontiera, il territorio confinante è diventato un ‘terrain vague’ fuori le mure – un luogo per istituzioni uniche all’interno di spazi ben definiti. Le specificità naturali sono state plasmate per dare luogo a un paesaggio sistematizzato. BORDER As is characteristic of a border zone, the adjacent territory has become a ‘terrain vague’ fuori le mure - a place for singular institutions within defined enclosures. Natural features have been coerced into a systematised landscape.

DEMILITARIZZAZIONE Con l’integrazione all’Unione Europea, una frontiera meno rigida offre un’opportunità all’innovazione vivace di questo territorio intermedio. Un luogo di ospitalità può essere creato, come alternativa al sistema inospitale basato sulle divisioni. La ricca combinazione di attività dove un tempo c’era una rigida singolarità. DEMILITARISATION With European integration a relaxed border offers the opportunity for vibrant renewal of this middle ground. A Space for Hospitality can be created, in place of the inhospitable systems of division. A rich mix of activity where there was rigid singularity.

CATALIZZATORE Qual è il catalizzatore per la re-occupazioni di questa valle? Proponiamo che un investimento regionale nella infrastruttura sia usato per creare un punto intenso – un nuovo centro – dove prima c’era una zona di preriferia…. CATALYST what is the catalyst for this re-occupation of the valley? We propose that regional investment in infrastructure is used to create a point of intensity - a new centre - in what has been a peripheral zone...


3 SINGULAR INTERVENTIONS

1 PLAN FOR INCREMENTAL GROWTH

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A plan for incremental infill and intensification around Piazalle della Casa Rossa - as a cross border research campus.

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… creando una ferrovia razionalizzata ed una stazione centrale per le due città gemelle. La nuova station fornirà treni diretti tra l’università e i centri di ricerca presenti in tutta la regione. Un ‘treno natura’ collegherà la montagna con gli impianti balneari. ...creating a rationalised rail system and a central station for the twin cities. The new station will provide direct train services between the university and research nodes across the region. A ‘treno natura’ will connect the mountains with the coastal resorts.

Una serie di topografie sovrapposte ricuciono il confine precedente e creano spazi per giocare, fare sport e offrire ospitalità. L’area in cui sorgeva il vecchio ospedale è ri-occupata e messa a disposizione per la cultura e le attività creative. Tutte le qualità della regione del litorale Adriatico sono qui presenti per essere usate dai giovani cittadini. Il piano generale identifica un’università, un quartiere di ricerche e di impresa latenti. A series of overlaid topographies stitch together the old borderline and make spaces for play, sport and hospitality. The former hospital estate is re-occupied and thrown open for culture and creative enterprise. All the riches of the upper Adriatic region are represented here for the use of young citizens. The masterplan identifies a latent university, research and enterprise quarter.

Gorizia Centro

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Rather than demolish the great institutional buildings of the former Sanatorium and hospital (Croce di Lorena) we have proposed treating these in different ways to help structure this new urban quarter.

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The station is the centre of a great new urban space between the two towns, and is the beginning of an intensive area of development

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The opportunity of the existing slack areas and generous infrastructure left following the disassembly of the border post is utilised as the basis for a newly intensified urban quarter focussed on research and accommodation - around the Piazzale della Casa Rossa and linking across the border as an urban continuum.

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The site also realises a major park space and the existing web of footpaths and cycleways are enhanced and expanded, encouraging non-car use


Abstract The Sanitorium We propose that this fine building is restored as an institutional building set in formal parkland, to form a boutique hotel and spa. This realises This location of a place for future regional economic vibrancy grows its position at a point of arrival in the city. The hotel would also create a from a space created for youth. Conversely, youth culture, play and location for high-quality conference accommodation, a restaurant and education territory are placed in the context of regional production, spa facilities for the town. knowledge, skills and in celebration of the regional ‘terroir’ and tradition of ‘localismo’- from shipbuilding through viticulture & oenology to film- The Hospital making and music. The hospital structure offers a huge amount of space for a minimum of cost. Its form is highly adaptable for many elements of the programme. The relaxation of the border controls in this region is not about creating One thing that the existing building does not offer is large-scale space evenness and blurring definition - rather it is about building on the and we propose that these are added in the courtyards and interstices of the building. We have introduced a large-span steel structural order differences and particularities of cultures. which creates simple large volumes for the Teatro di Posa, the Casa A new station is created on the line of an elevated rail line which della Musica and the car-park. This new structure (inspired by local connects from the south alongside the Via Terza Armata. The line joins shipbuilding) is used to reinforce the existing building to bring it up to the three fractured lines originally built by the Austrians - the Südbahn- current anti-seismic standards. Gesellschaft, the Karst-Bahn and the Wocheinerbahn. The hospital and its grounds are therefore ‘superprogrammed’ to The station is the centre of a great new urban space between the two create a vibrant and exciting host structure with many things happening towns, and is the beginning of an intensive area of development. Rather simultaneously. In the south wings we propose a canteen on the first than demolish the great institutional buildings of the former Seminary floor for the use of the A.S.S. n.2 Isontina. A Kindergarten is also located and hospital (Croce di Lorena) we have proposed treating these in in this wing, while a Hostel could occupy the upper floors. A car park provides parking for 450 cars. different ways to help structure this new urban quarter. We propose using investment in transport as the catalyst for the phased development of a key space linking Gorizia and Novi Gorici.

Long Section.

Sanitorium (hotel)

new station

The ‘Youth Point’ occupies much of the lower floors of the building, with adaptable spaces for free association, play, skills & training and exhibitions and events. There would also be a clinic with facilities for welfare and youth-orientated medical services Support spaces for music rehearsal, editing, storage, scenery construction and socialising are built into the areas of the hospital building enclosing the Teatro di Posa / Casa della Musica. The upper floors would then be an ideal location for start-up spaces for new creative enterprise and research, aimed at young people. The grounds at the back of the hospital we envisage as a festival space, suitable for outside concerts and cinema, as well as informal landscape for play and sport.

Hospital (Casa della Musica)

car park

Workshops


HOTEL SPENDIDE We propose that this fine building is restored as an institutional building set in formal parkland, to form a boutique hotel and spa. This realises its position at a point of arrival in the city. The hotel would also create a location for high-quality conference accommodation, a restaurant and spa facilities for the town.

YOUTH POINT PLUS - CULTURAL HUB - SOCIAL ENTERPRISE CENTRE - SOCIAL CONDENSOR The hospital structure offers a huge amount of space for a minimum of cost. Its form is highly adaptable for many elements of the programme. One thing that the existing building does not offer is large-scale space and we propose that these are added in the courtyards and interstices of the building. We have introduced a large-span steel structural order which creates simple large volumes for the Teatro di Posa, the Casa della Musica and the car-park. This new structure (inspired by local shipbuilding) is used to reinforce the existing building to bring it up to current anti-seismic standards.

BACK STRIP A looser, more relaxed territory extending along a new street between Via Vittoria Veneto and the parkland strip - comprising areas for urban sports, the studio back-lot, cafes and bars. At it’s western end this strip comprises retained and replacement medical services buildings - alongside the new car park.

2 CROSS BORDER STRUCTURES Above: View from the high level station platform - looking north-west along the varied landscape strip with the the pedestrian and cycle spine to Gorizia city centre Below: View from the underbelly of the station where the railway viaduct and main street cross the landscape strip - looking south-west towards the cultural hub and creative enterprise centre in the ex hospital (on the left) and the grounds of the hotel and spa in the ex sanatorium (on the right)


Environmental Sustainability

Inspiration

An environmental agenda is at the core of this strategy and operates at a number of levels: Firstly the strategy proposes a rationalised mobility network. The existing web of footpaths and cycleways are enhanced and expanded, encouraging non-car use. A rationalised regional rail service allows both easy public transport connection between key towns and to future high speed rail connections (TENS V). The network would serve students and commuters working across the ‘knowledge corridor’ as well as tourists visit the region. We propose that the former rail spur made obsolete by this new connection is used as a road-to-rail freight logistics hub. This point would also be the ideal location for a waste-to-power plant. The project is ideal for a district heat and power network, perhaps using combined heat and power, with power generation from waste or biomass. A carefully masterplanned urban quarter and the introduction of new infrastructure would allow a very-low carbon approach. We propose reusing many of the existing structures and an intensive use of land to prevent urban sprawl.

New structures to create research and innovation space across the site might be like this building.

A luxury spa could be added to the Sanitorium to make a top-class hotel and conference centre, with a restored landscape.

There will be a major new park for the city, with 1000 new trees and a re-naturalised river creating valuable new natural habitats for flora and fauna. The river works would also be connected to a sustainable urban drainage scheme for the valley.

Shipbuilding at Montefalcone: the new steel structures to create the Casa della Musica, Teatro de Posa and carpark might reference these amazing projects.

We have been inspired by this project in Sao Paulo by Italian architect Lina Bo Bardi - a community project with sport, educational and exhibition facilities is created in a former factory structure.

The project uses the available extensity of the former factory to create generous adaptable space. New concrete structures create bespoke space for gymnasia, pool, other sports are added. We propose a similar strategy to work with the former hospital.


Financial Sustainability & Funding The financial model for this strategy rests on a partnership between public and private investment. Capital Investment - Infrastructure as catalyst

Financial Sustainability

We propose using EU investment in regional infrastructure to underpin transport-orientated development. The Fondo Europeo di Sviluppo Regionale (FESR) has three priorities which this project can help deliver:

The Azienda per i Servizi Sanitari n.2 Isontina is clearly an important project partner, and will continue to have investment into the project, particularly towards the car-parking, and the canteen as well as maintaining administrative space.

Priorità 1: Ambiente, trasporti e integrazione territoriale sostenibile Priorità 2: Competitività e società basata sulla conoscenza Priorità 3: Integrazione sociale

A number of regional universities may also be partners to the ‘Spazio Giovani’ project, potentially including the Università degli Studi di Udine and the Univerza v Novi Gorici. Large regional employers (i.e. Fincantieri) may also be willing to become project partners. The establishment of a new research campus should be used to attract global players with an interest in the thematic of regional skills such as diplomacy, research and business studies. Investment from this can be used to maintain the public park and facilities in perpetuity.

We have assumed that the Municipio di Gorizia would have a guiding hand in development - particularly in terms of planning - in alliance, where appropriate, with the Municipality of Šempeter-Vrtojba. The municipality could call on funding from JESSICA – an initiative developed by the European Commission and the European Investment Bank. Under new procedures, Member States are being given the option of using Structural Funds, to make repayable investments in projects forming part of an integrated plan for sustainable urban development. Added to EU investment are transport and logistics partners, including Ferrovie dello Stato and Slovenske Zeleznice, as well as volunteer groups such as Ferrovie Turistiche Italiane. Large private logistics companies (such as the Norbert Dentressangle or Eddie Stobart Group for example) might also be key investors to the freight proposal. Azienda Provinciale Transporti SPA is also a potential project funder to create an integrated transport interchange.

A suitable project partner would be brought in to capitalise the refurbishment of the former Sanitorium to form a boutique / destination hotel and spa and conference centre. Alternatively, the community might use the model of the Hotel und Thermalbad AG in Vals, Switzerland, and develop the complex as something owned by the commune. (http://www.therme-vals.ch/it/fatti.html) Costs The costs on the following pages are at 4th Quarter 2010 competitive prices and assume a clean site for site remediation. The costs exclude: Site acquisition National Taxes Flood alleviation measures, if required Any work to existing Building Nos 10 & 11 (outside project boundary) Statutory fees Tender Price Inflation beyond 4th Qtr 2010 Survey work (archaeological, ecological, flood risk, etc)


Budget Construction Cost Estimate Scope

Sponsor

Development partners Municipio di Gorizia Municipality di Sempeter Vrtojba EU Infrastructure fund / Ferrovie dello Stato / Slovenske Zeleznice

€729,100

1.

Site preparation / Demolitions

13 ha, mainly landscape maintenance demolition of 7 building structures (masonry), average of 800m2 on 2 storeys

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Rail spur / viaduct

Three junctions with existing twin-track. 1,600 linear metres of at-grade new twin-track 600 linear metres of elevated twin-track up to 6.5m high, 10m wide, column support at 10m ccs. Steel structure.

€35,330,000 Costs include allowances for project preliminaries (15%), project design (10%), local rail costs (7.5%) and contingencies (15%)

Allowance for signalling, electrification, etc. 3.

Freight / logistics loop using former railline

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Station

Elevated twin-platform structure 150m long with canopies, lighting, signage, clocks, etc. Lift/escalator and stair access to each platform from ground. Kiosks, ticket machines, etc at ground level.

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Casa della Musica (music auditorium)

Commercial logistics operation

no allowance made

EU Infrastructure fund / Ferrovie dello Stato / Slovenske Zeleznice

€25,038,000 Costs include allowances for project preliminaries (15%), project design (10%), local rail costs (7.5%) and contingencies (15%)

Ferrovie Turistiche Italiane

Large-span steel structure to form low-cost enclosures within hospital courtyards. profiled Università dI Udine steel skin and roof enclosures.2000m2 area, 20m high single volume. DAMS Structural frame provides anti-seismic reinforcement / bracing to existing hospital structure. Rostrum stage, simple lighting frame.

€7,727,000

Specialist control areas (recording and control booths, rehearsal rooms, etc) formed in existing enclosure of hospital (north courtyard) 800 m2 of medium grade fit out

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Teatro di Posa (film studio)

1,500 m2 making good Large-span steel structure to form low-cost enclosures within hospital courtyards. profiled steel skin and roof enclosures. 3,250m2 area, 20m high single volume. 1500m2 making good to form support spaces / storage formed in existing enclosure of hospital (east end)

Università dI Udine DAMS

€8,182,000


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Refurbishment of hospital

Front wings - to form canteen, bar, youth areas, kindergarten, creative enterprise space.

Scope 3,000 m2 of medium grade fit out

Sponsor Azienda per i Servizi Sanitari n.2 Isontina

€ €10,018,000

4,500 m2 making good

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Refurbishment of Sanitorium

to form boutique hotel / spa

6,500 m2 of high-grade fit out to listed building Item for pool and spa including 3.5 Ha landscape

Development partner

€23,135,000

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Car-parking structure

steel structure used to stabilise hospital and form parking tower for 450 cars

Large-span steel structure to form low-cost enclosures within hospital courtyards. profiled steel skin and roof enclosures. Floor area 2,000m2 on six decks. Structural frame provides anti-seismic reinforcement to hospital. Circulation within existing building.

Azienda per i Servizi Sanitari n.2 Isontina

€6,512,000

Ferrovie dello Stato

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Workshops etc

simple refurbishment of existing structures

4,200 m2 making good

Development partners Municipio di Gorizia

€740,000

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Public realm

Creation of Station square and establishment of new street between Via Vittorio Veneto and Piazzale di Casa Rossa

600m2 Station square / forecourt to core development

Development partners Municipio di Gorizia Municipality di Sempeter Vrtojba

€5,177,000

landscape / sports topography

5ha landscape improvement / paths linking existing formal sports provision within study area in context of an overall 14ha wider landscape.

River re-naturalisation - reforming enclosure to the Vertoibizza river

850 linear metres

Development partners Municipio di Gorizia Municipality di Sempeter Vrtojba

€334,000

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Hydrology

creation of lake, etc.

2ha roadway and landscaping (1km x 20m wide strip)


A3 Reductions of A0 Boards


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Gorizia lies at the heart of the upper Adriatic between the regions of Friuli Venezia Giulia and Zahodna Slovenija. The town is set in a rich landscape, between the Julian Alps to the north and the Adriatic coast to the south.

Aquilia

Gorizia is at the centre of a potential ‘knowledge corridor’ linking Udine, Gorizia, Trieste, Koper and Ljubljana. This corridor is like a golden thread through a very particular and productive landscape. Our proposals for Il spazio giovani alla frontiera grows from this geographical and economic reality.

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CATALIZZATORE Qual è il catalizzatore per la re-occupazioni di questa valle? Proponiamo che un investimento regionale nella infrastruttura sia usato per creare un punto intenso – un nuovo centro – dove prima c’era una zona di preriferia….

5.

UNA CITTÀ DIVISA Per più d’un millennio Gorizia ha avuto un ruolo difensivo. È un paese al confine …

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Univerza v Novi Gorici

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Universita’ Degli Studi di Trieste Univerza na Primorskem

NOVA GORICA

Univerzi v Ljubljani

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… creando una ferrovia razionalizzata ed una stazione centrale per le due città gemelle. La nuova station fornirà treni diretti tra l’università e i centri di ricerca presenti in tutta la regione. Un ‘treno natura’ collegherà la montagna con gli impianti balneari.

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The site also realises a major park space and the existing web of footpaths and cycleways are enhanced and expanded, encouraging non-car use

The station is the centre of a great new urban space between the two towns, and is the beginning of an intensive area of development

Rather than demolish the great institutional buildings of the former Sanatorium and hospital (Croce di Lorena) we have proposed treating these in different ways to help structure this new urban quarter.

The opportunity of the existing slack areas and generous infrastructure left following the disassembly of the border post is utilised as the basis for a newly intensified urban quarter - focussed on research and accommodation - around the Piazzale della Casa Rossa and linking across the border as an urban continuum.

Il piano generale identifica un’università, un quartiere di ricerche e di impresa latenti...

L’area in cui sorgeva il vecchio ospedale è rioccupata e messa a disposizione per la cultura e le attività creative. Tutte le qualità della regione del litorale Adriatico sono qui presenti per essere usate dai giovani cittadini.

Una serie di topografie sovrapposte ricuciono il confine precedente e creano spazi per giocare, fare sport e offrire ospitalità.

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7.

DEMILITARIZZAZIONE Con l’integrazione all’Unione Europea, una frontiera meno rigida offre un’opportunità all’innovazione vivace di questo territorio intermedio. Un luogo di ospitalità può essere creato, come alternativa al sistema inospitale basato sulle divisioni. La ricca combinazione di attività dove un tempo c’era una rigida singolarità.

IL PIANO GENERALE /MASTER PLAN

FRONTIERA Come capita nelle zone di frontiera, il territorio confinante è diventato un ‘terrain vague’ – un luogo per istituzioni uniche all’interno di spazi ben definiti. Le specificità naturali sono state plasmate per dare luogo a un paesaggio sistematizzato.

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Hotel + conference

Perspective overview from the south - with key elements exploded as layers.

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View from the underbelly of the station were the railway viaduct and main street cross the landscape strip - looking south-west towards the cultural hub and creative enterprise centre in the ex hospital (on the left) and the grounds of the hotel and spa in the ex sanatorium (on the right)

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Parking structure

A plan for incremental infill and intensification around Piazzale della Casa Rossa - as a cross border research campus.

CASA ROSSA - ROŽNA DOLINA RESEARCH CAMPUS

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Nova Gorica

A FRAMEWORK FOR INCREMENTAL GROWTH

UN QUADRO PER LA CRESCITA INCREMENTALE

DUE STRUTTURE TRANSFRONTALIERE TWO CROSS-BORDER STRUCTURES

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VIALE ATTIVO

A looser, more relaxed territory extending along a new street between Via Vittoria Veneto and the parkland strip - comprising areas for urban sports, the studio back-lot, cafes and bars. At its western end this strip comprises retained and replacement medical services buildings - alongside the new car park.

/BACK-STRIP

STRISCIA GIOVANI

The hospital structure offers a huge amount of space for a minimum of cost. Its form is highly adaptable for many elements of the programme. One thing that the existing building does not offer is large-scale space and we propose that these are added in the courtyards and interstices of the building. We have introduced a large-span steel structural order which creates simple large volumes for the Teatro di Posa, the Casa della Musica and the car-park. This new structure (inspired by local shipbuilding) is used to reinforce the existing building to bring it up to current antiseismic standards.

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THREE SINGULAR INTERVENTIONS

TRE INTERVENTI SINGULAR

Youth point + Creative enterprise centre + Casa della Musica/Teatro di Posa

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View from the high level station platform - looking north-west along the varied landscape strip with the the pedestrian and cycle spine to Gorizia city centre

PAESAGGIO STRISCIA PARCO

HOTEL SPENDIDE

Station + Concourse

We propose that this fine building is restored as an institutional building set in formal parkland, to form a boutique hotel and spa. This realises its position at a point of arrival in the city. The hotel would also create a location for high-quality conference accommodation, a restaurant and spa facilities for the town.

PUNTO GIOVANI + CASA DELLA MUSICA TEATRO DI POSA SOCIAL CONDENSOR

Tr ie

Castello Gorizia

A SC

Back-lot + Back-strip

Holbrook Tom  

The technical report - International competition for ideas “Youth Area at the Border” for the redevelopment of the former Civil Hospital - G...

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