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SEBASTIAN VETTEL: FOUR TITLES IN A ROW?
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THE WORLD OF RED BULL
reD bUll racinG What drives success? Can the new 2013 car lead the team to another title? an exclusive look inside f1’s elite outfit
CoVEr PhotograPhy: daVid ClErihEW/rEd bUll raCiNg, PiCtUrEdESk.CoM PhotograPhy: rEd bUll raCiNg, thoMaS bUtlEr (2)
Formula one’s youngest three-time world champion Sebastian Vettel is proving a master at sport’s oldest conundrum: how to keep on winning. He does have the help of F1’s best team principal, Christian Horner, and its all-time most successful designer-engineer, Adrian Newey, as well as the rest of the infiniti red Bull racing team. all three men reveal the secrets of their winning ways in the red Bulletin this month. While we’re on the subject of high achievers, the stories told by the men, women and children in the 10-storey stacks of Spain’s human towers are remarkable and just a little bit inspirational. and you won’t find a more brutally honest tale of sporting adventure and misadventure than Herbert nitsch’s retelling of his attempt at the world freedive record. enjoy the issue. the red bulletin
78 the hUman Factor
only three drivers have ever won three consecutive formula one championships. Sebastian vettel is in that exclusive club, but can he make it four in a row?
76 meet the maKer
adrian newey has designed cars that have won nine f1 constructor’s titles, including the last three with red Bull racing. here, he details his 2013 car 07
THE WORLD OF RED BULL
Diary oF the DaKar drivers, riders, doctors and the guy who runs the andes petrol station recall the merciless 8,500km race across South america
62 restless QUest
The Red Bulletin
See the red Bulletin come to life in our award-winning tablet edition. this month: exclusive f1 and Dakar video. Both the app and issues are free on Android & iPad 08
PhotograPhy: PhiliPP horak, Maria ziEgElböCk, dallE aPrf
hip-hop pioneer ahmir ‘Questlove’ thompson is riding high on an unparalleled musical journey
Deep troUble What happened when freediver Herbert Nitsch attempted to break his own world record the red bulletin
THE WORLD OF RED BULL
at a glance Bullevard 10 16 19 22 24 26 28
the social climbers Making a human tower is a matter of historic civic pride in Catalonia, where teams compete to build a people pyramid 300 strong
photos of the month Amazing images from around the world news The latest in sport and culture me and my body How long jumper Ivana Spanovic defies broken bones kit evolution Developments in ski helmet technology where’s your head at? Leading man-of-the-moment Channing Tatum winning formula Get to grips with the science of freeclimbing lucky numbers The stats behind the most daring prison breaks ever
action 30 Spain
High-stakes human towers
Herbert Nitsch’s death-defying freediving world record attempt
52 Peru, Argentina, Chile Dispatches from the Dakar Rally
62 New York City
Questlove and his band The Roots: mainstream and underground
Cross-country runner Fionnuala Britton has gold medals in mind
70 Milton Keynes
Photography: philipp horak, Electric pickle
Formula One exclusive: behind the scenes at Red Bull Racing HQ with Sebastian Vettel and the new RB9 car
More Body & Mind
91 party central
Electric Pickle is a jewel among the pleasure palaces of Miami. Big DJs come in secret to play for love the red bulletin
88 Electric Dreams
Still wet behind the ears, electro-pop duo Young Wonder are nevertheless primed and ready to take on the world
84 travel Unusual places to play 86 training An enduro rider’s workout 88 SOUNDS OF 2013 Young Wonder 90 nightlife Food, drink, music & more 94 world in action Global goings-on 96 save the date Events for the diary 97 kainrath Our cartoonist 98 mind’s eye With Stephen Bayley
C atamarc a , Arg e nti na
Half a million years ago, when Mother Nature forged Campo de Piedra Pomez – the Pumice Stone Field – she could not have had a bike park in mind. With 5,000 white volcanic rocks at 4,000m above sea level, this place is as otherworldly as our world gets. As the site of Red Bull Ramparanoia, it hosted surely the highest altitude BMX contest ever. Homecountry rider Martin Postigo certainly enjoyed his moment in the sun. Watch the video: www.redbull.com Photography: Luis Vidales/Red Bull Content Pool
of the month
Yo s e m ite Nati o nal Par k , U SA
As Dean Potter freeclimbed to his highline, strung between rocks on top of Cathedral Peak, cameraman Mikey Schaefer was less relaxed. “The whole scenario seemed crazy,” says Schaefer. “I was over a mile away from my subject, who was walking a tightrope with certain death consequences if he fell.” Potter walked the line, perfectly backdropped thanks to Schaefer’s work with lunar phase data and GPS. “On the highline my thoughts are simple and clear,” says Potter. “I focus completely on my breath, my connection with the line, and making it safely to the other side.” Which he did – then turned and walked calmly back across to the start. See it in full: vimeo.com/56298775 Photography: Mikey Schaefer
of the month
Yo r k s h i r e dale s , E n g l an d
in a flash
“Caves don’t get natural light,” says adventure lensman Robbie Shone, “so it’s up to the photographer to provide it.” In Boxhead Pot, one of a network of caves and tunnels in England and Wales’ third largest national park, Shone had other issues. “I was below Sam Allshorn, on the same rope, and we were spinning continuously. Icy cold water – melted snow from the surface – plummeted down the shaft. The noise was deafening; communication near impossible. In all the spray, my flashguns began to fail. The shoot was over.” Going underground: www.shonephotography.com Photography: Robbie Shone
of the month
Bullevard Sport and culture on the quick
Magic of film The Incredible Burt Wonderstone, out this month, stars Jim Carrey and Steves Buscemi and Carell as duelling magicians. But cinema has been conjuring tricks flicks for almost a century
THE PRESTIGE (2006) More warring wizards, only here it’s Christian Bale versus Hugh Jackman in Victorian London.
MAGIC (1978) Anthony Hopkins, barely less scary than as Hannibal Lecter, is possessed by his dummy assistant.
DECONSTRUCTION The New York cityscape becomes a beautifully manhandled skyline Cuban sculptor Alexandre Arrechea imagines humdrum items recombined in a parallel universe. He gives trees basketball-hoop branches, builds oversized espresso machines out of bricks and makes hand-grenadeshaped cabinets. For No Limits, his latest work, the 42-year-old rebuilt 10 New York landmarks with curving, kinetic energy. In his hands, the Empire State Building becomes a 6m-tall fire-hose; the MetLife building an oversized spinning top. “This is what I love, creating a relationship with this city. It hits you, you move; you jab, you hook,” says Arrechea, who lives and works in Madrid, Spain. “This city has been so influential to me because it’s about an exchange: you are watched over, but you offer to it in turn.” Until June 9, No Limits is on Park Avenue, in sight of many of the original buildings. www.alexandrearrechea.com
Arch architect: Alexandre Arrechea’s twisted rebuilds HOUDINI (1953) After two months’ learning tricks, Tony Curtis was fit to play the greatest illusionist of them all...
EVERY SHOT ON TARGET
Have you taken a picture with a Red Bull flavour? Email it to us at: email@example.com THE GRIM GAME (1919) ...Harry Houdini, who made five silent films, including this one, to showcase his remarkable talent.
Every month we print a selection, with our favourite pic awarded a limited-edition Sigg bottle. Tough, functional and well-suited to sport, it features The Red Bulletin logo.
Otepaa In Estonia, for Red Bull Snow Kayak, water doesn’t have to be liquid for a boat ride. Jaanus Ree
THE RED BULLETIN
How we might look in the future
PHOTOGRAPHY: REX FEATURES (2), THE KOBAL COLLECTION (2), RAFAEL GARCIA SANCHEZ/COURTESY OF ALEXANDRE ARRECHEA, ALEXANDRE ARRECHEA, RED BULL MUSIC ACADEMY, GETTY IMAGES, THUD RUMBLE LTD (2)
Making a hash of it: the online music scene documented
Into the internet Now that every sound and every musicmaking opportunity is available online, the pace of change of music is relentless. A new six-part documentary series, H∆SHTAG$, looking at those who use the internet to create and curate new music, is a welcome entry point into this fast-flowing world. From the difficulties of defining, and absolutely not defining, genre, to the joys of finding on SoundCloud a Polish cover of your signature bass anthem, artists including How To Dress Well, Flying Lotus, Miguel, Mount Kimbie and Bondax candidly reveal what it’s like to be connected in this most vital and influential pop culture scene.
OCULUS RIFT This virtual reality video gaming headset has game developers (several have a prototype version) cooing about its immersive play potential.
PROJECT GLASS Due for release late 2013-early 2104, these goggles from Google show data in the sort of heads-up display usually seen in military tech.
FROM SCRATCH Master mixmaster DJ Qbert on keeping fingers turntable-ready, passing on his wisdom and humdrum help from Hendrix DJ Qbert manipulates his record player like Clapton plays guitar. It says ‘Richard Quitevis’ in the 43-year-old Californian’s passport, but he will forever be known as one of the greatest turntablists of all time. He is a three-time former world DJ champion, and founding member of Invisibl Skratch Piklz, widely considered to be the first true scratch band. What musical instrument is most like a set of decks? The piano, because with one hand you’re doing the rhythm, and the other being the lead. Is scratching hard on the wrists and fingers? It can be. That’s why you should always take breaks. Gentle massages and stretches
are important, like when runners before competition are hopping up and down. Brisk movements and being loose are important. Is there a record beginners should scratch with? A standard record a lot of DJs use is one called Super Seal Breaks. It’s a record made for scratching, perfect for practising with. [It’s also a DJ Qbert production.] What advice would you give to wannabe DJs? When I was a teenager, I always remembered what Jimi Hendrix said about learning guitar: “If you stick with it, you’ll be rewarded.” It’s banal but it’s so true, especially for DJs. www.qbertskratchuniversity.com
Most stylus man: DJ Qbert on the decks
Watch it now: www.redbullmusicacademy.com
Web master: Flying Lotus
MEMOTO Hello, ‘lifelogging’: a wearable camera, 36mm square, that takes two photos per minute, and saves them direct to an app. Available in April.
WE HAVE A WINNER!
Miramar This Argentinian skatepark is, indeed, shaped like a watermelon. Gustavo Cherro THE RED BULLETIN
Ljubljana Slovenian snowboard scion Maxx Grilc tries on father Marko’s helmet for size. Domen Bizjak
Punta Cana ‘Watch that serve in the wind!’ Red Bull Sun Slide in the Dominican Republic. David Pou
b u l l e va r d
In a Jam Entries are now being accepted for the 2013 edition of Bedroom Jam Ireland, the contest that helps new bands make it big. Performance videos uploaded online are positioned in the Buzz Chart, where placings are decided by viewer votes and social media activity. Winners: Walking On Cars Six chart-toppers have a live video professionally filmed, then more voting, and three bands go on to play live at summer festivals. An overall winner will earn the prize of a week in a recording studio. Last year’s Bedroom Jam victors were Dingle quintet Walking on Cars. “We got so much exposure,” says lead singer Patrick Sheehy. “We just watched the numbers go up on our Facebook page.” Enter now: www.redbullbedroomjam.ie
Chairman of the board He’s preoccupied with pets, pads and perhaps having a girl’s name, but put Bristolian Korahn Gayle on a skateboard and everything makes sense
Euro vision: the Brits in France
Snow go Despite the white start to 2013 for much of Britain and Ireland, this part of the world is no snowsports hotspot. So it is that The Brits Winter Festival is a European affair, moving this year to the resort of Tignes, France, after eight years in Switzerland. The week-long event hosts the British Freeski and Snowboard Championships, and plenty of après action. After leading skiers and boarders compete in competitions including halfpipe, big air and slopestyle, nights feature shows from homegrown musical talent, including The Nextmen. March 23-30: www.the-brits.com
Höhnhart Ski jump legend Andreas Goldberger at Austria’s Goldi Talent Cup. Lucho Vidales 18
Footing the skill “I’ve spent most of my life skating. I started at 12; I’m 25 now. I’m just good at foot sports, generally, if that’s a category. I play a lot of football, which really helps with my skating.” Animal magic “I live in a mad house. I have two cats, and one of them is mating with the whole neighbourhood. We’ll have our third litter of kittens soon. Meanwhile my fiancée’s insisting we get a Chihuahua.” Half arted “I draw a lot. Always weird stuff from my mind, like a face with a hand coming out of the eye. Maybe I’ve got ADHD, as I don’t finish many. There are pads dotted all around the house.” What’s in a name? “My name’s pronounced like the Muslim holy book, but it’s not related to that. And I have a girl’s middle name, Alexandra. My mum told me it was a Jamaican thing, a male name over there, but she was laughing about it the other day, so now I’m not sure.” Watch Gayle skate in Sardinia: www.redbull.co.uk
Valdaora-Olang Skiers dodge fire and ice at the obstacle-laden Red Bull Kronplatz Cross in Italy. Federico Modica
Chiriquí Red Bull Air Race star pilot Kirby
Chambliss shows off at Aero Fest 2013 in Panama. Alfredo Bocanegra the red bulletin
Words: Ruth Morgan. photography: james north/red bull content pool, ruth medjber, brits
Skate expectations: Korahn Gayle
B U L L E VA R D
ME AND MY BODY
The Serbian long jumper, 22, defies broken bones and nails her performance with the help of false friends
Mental preparation is even more important than the physical. You have to think constantly about how to be better, so you need to be prepared, focused and motivated. If your mind’s not 100 per cent in the race, your body won’t perform.
2 NAILING IT
A few years ago, I got these great, long, false nails and have worn them ever since. I only took them off for training in South Africa at the start of this year, when I did some shot put. When they look good, it helps me in competition.
KEEP CALM, CARRY ON
I get lots of small injuries, but rarely anything that stops me training. I once kept to my track schedule with both ankles sprained. In the run-up to the Olympics last year, I broke two bones in my left wrist: I taped it up and carried on. [Spanovic finished 11th at London 2012.]
4 MRS MUSCLE
WORDS: RUTH MORGAN. PHOTOGRAPHY: CHRIS SAUNDERS
My thighs are the most powerful part of my body, where I get my explosive speed. I look more like a sprinter than a jumper. I train for five hours a day, six days a week, to maintain my strength, which also helps to prevent injury.
FOOTING THE PAIN
In 2011, just before the world championships in Daegu, I broke a bone in my left foot while training. I ignored it, but it got so bad I couldn’t put any weight on it. I had four months off the track, then six months of slow recovery. Now it’s good as new. THE RED BULLETIN
B U L L E VA R D
HARD & FAST
Top performers and winning ways from around the globe
Koreless valves: Lewis Roberts performing at a special Red Bull Music Academy show in New York last year
A win at the Punta Cana Kite Fest in the Dominican Republic was a great way for British kiteboarder Aaron Hadlow to celebrate his return to competition after a knee injury.
After his triumph at round four of AMA Supercross series in Oakland, USA, Ken Roczen from Germany won again in Anaheim, in the 250SX Class, to top the points standings.
Kyle Croxall of Canada made it two wins in two at the second stop of the Red Bull Crashed Ice Ice Cross Downhill World Championship, in Saint Paul, USA.
DUBSTEP BEYOND No madness, all method for this boatbuilderturned-beatmaster on the verge of big things Koreless, aka 21-year-old Welshman Lewis Roberts, swapped the obscurity of Bangor for the bright lights of Glasgow three years ago, and has since caught the attention of Jamie xx, Gilles Peterson and Hudson Mowhawke with his soulful electronic sound, in the vein of Burial and James Blake. Next up: enrolling as a Red Bull Music Academy Koreless student in New York City next month. And then maybe a spot of shipbuilding. : How does someone who went to Glasgow to study naval architecture end up making electronica? I wanted to do architecture for years, and I was into boats and sailing – I used to sail for Wales when I was younger. I figured if I could join the two it would be perfect. My music is very neat and tidy, there’s a lot of order to it, and the same goes with a ship: you have to be very methodical about it. They’re both all about patterns and maths. Born in Wales, moved to Scotland, now living in England. Are you finding inspiration in each new place? I had a good few years in Glasgow, but it was too much fun. I wanted a change of scenery. I’m doing more music down here in London – it could broadly be classed as electronic – and I moved in with a friend from uni. He’s got a proper job working as a shipbroker, up at 6am, wearing a suit. Then there’s me, the musician. It’s just like Peep Show. How are you feeling about becoming a student again, at the Red Bull Music Academy? I’m excited about it. I’ve always followed it through the interviews and videos online, and I know a couple of the people that are going this year, so it should be fun. What I’m looking forward to is getting new inspiration and making new music. Red Bull Music Academy starts on April 28: www.redbullmusicacademy.com
THE RED BULLETIN
PHOTOGRAPHY: MATT McGINLEY/RED BULL CONTENT POOL, VICTOR LUNDMARK, PICTUREDESK.COM, RED BULL CAREBBEAN, KTM IMAGES/RED BULL CONTENT POOL, JOERG MITTER/RED BULL CONTENT POOL. ILLUSTRATION: DIETMAR KAINRATH
Gregor Schlierenzauer made history by scoring his 47th and 48th World Cup ski victories in Harrachov, Czech Republic. The Austrian now has the most World Cup wins of all time.
ONE WHOLE EXTRA HOUR WITH THE LADS !
Playtime Than Drivetime! More Like
The development in ski helmets has been rapid. It wasn’t so long ago that leather and linen were used – and wearing one was optional
ROUGH & SMOOTH
In the 1960s, helmet shells were cast from epoxy resins, the surface of which could not be made perfectly smooth. So it was covered with linen, to reduce air resistance.
THE HARD WAY
Comfort was not on the design checklist back then. The only padding was a single layer of foam. Later, plastic linings such as polyethylene were also used, to little effect.
C. 1967 GANT-GAMET GENOSKI “Helmet or no helmet – in my day in the Alpine World Ski Championships it was up to the skiers to decide for themselves,” recalls Austria’s 1974 downhill world champion, David Zwilling. “As a kid I just used to wear a leather cap for races. I switched to a helmet when I was 15, just to feel safer. It probably prevented more dire consequences when I took a few heavy falls in the course of my career.” www.fis-ski.com
David Zwilling, 63, was succeeded as downhill world champ by his countryman Franz Klammer
THE RED BULLETIN
PHOTOGRAPHY: KURT KEINRATH, PICTUREDESK.COM (2)
Current rules state that, in the World Ski Championships, helmets must protect equally the ears and head. In the past, ear protection used to consist of a thin layer of cloth.
B U L L E VA R D
UPSIDE THE HEAD
This helmet has been designed so it is equally strong and protective at all points, no matter how and where it absorbs force from an impact.
SOFT ON THE INSIDE
The standard padded inner lining is made of a material that allows moisture to evaporate quickly. Extra pads can be stuck in to create a tighter fit.
The outer shell, of carbon fibre and thermoplastic, is ‘baked’ for nine hours under pressure. The vents are made of ultra-light titanium.
2013 SWEET PROTECTION ROOSTER CORSA It took three years to develop this lightweight lid made from fibre-reinforced plastic and a carbon fibre also used in making F1 cars. “The really important thing is that the helmet doesn’t have a single weak spot,” explains Norway’s four-time, multi-discipline world champion Aksel Lund Svindal. That’s both vital and reassuring when, like Svindal, you head downhill at up to 150kph. www.sweetprotection.com
THE RED BULLETIN
Aksel Lund Svindal, 30, won super-G gold, downhill silver and giant slalom bronze at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympics
B U L L E VA R D
WHERE’S YOUR HEAD AT?
CHANNING TATUM He was always going to be a big star in Hollywood: just check out the biceps. But how did he become the most sought-after leading man of the moment?
PUP PY LOV E
April 26, Channing Tatum was born on Saturday, club fan and y 1980. Chan – as friends, famil at sports, members know him – grew up excelling all footb A -fu. kung from baseball to soccer to ed dropp he but ge, colle to him took ip scholarsh in a out, and then worked, among other jobs, hes to pet shop, badmouthing his favoured pooc customers so the dogs wouldn’t be sold.
EXPLO DING STAR
In 2012, three Tatum ‘tweeners’ tipped over into the big league. Romantic drama The Vow, cop comedy 21 Jump Street and Magic Mike, based on Tatum’s time as a stripper, together cost $79 million to make and took $565 million at the global box office. The pretty guy who can deadlift 425lb became the acting all-rounder who can carry a movie.
NOR LIN S DAR LIN ’
WH EN SHE MOVES , SHE MOVES
Post-college, Tatum also worked as a departmentstore perfume spritzer, and as an exotic dancer. After being propositioned with the you-could-be-a-model line, he thought, “I could be a model” and joined an agency. He was soon in TV ads and appeared, for one second, as a shirtless barkeep in the video for Ricky Martin’s She Bangs.
Last year, Tatum’s bar, Saints and Sinners, opened on the aptly named Bourbon Street in New Orleans’s French Quarter. “I don’t think I’d ever open a bar anywhere else,” he said. “People come to New Orleans with a little bit of money in their pocket and they have one thing they want to do with it – and that’s spend it and party with it and go crazy. And I want to help facilitate that.”
US UAL SU SPECT
, model In time-honoured fashion to try eles Ang Los to ved Tatum mo gamble to become actor Tatum. The 4, he paid off. In September 200 w to was telling everyone he kne last the on mi Mia : watch CSI in it he Monday of the month, for bass dum a ort, enp Dav played Bob who with his cap on backwards with steals a speedboat littered pse. evidence, including a cor
WO RK ETH IC
Starring in 2006 dance movie Step-Up gave Tatum a first taste of real fame, and also a life partner: his co-star Jenna Dewan became his wife in 2009. There then followed a dozen movies over five years: some good notices, some decent box office and a few, as Tatum put it, “tweeners – you know, those mid-level budget movies that just do kinda good.”
Effects, Also this year, you can see Tatum in Side , in Down e Hous e Whit er, a psychological thrill dent, and Presi ged hosta the e rescu to has he which Carell, from Foxcatcher, a drama, also starring Steve keeping He’s . yball Mone Pitt’s Brad of tor the direc e told “hav said, he s,” actor busy for a reason. “Big Grind it.” . good is ng getti the while it get to me www.gijoemovie.com THE RED BULLETIN
WORDS: PAUL WILSON. ILLUSTRATION: LIE-INS AND TIGERS
CHA N-U P
As Tatum’s 2012 took off, the makers of G.I. Joe: Retaliation were kicking themselves. They’d killed off his character at the beginning of the movie! So: did they shift the film’s release date from last summer to March 2013 to reshoot more Chan scenes, or merely turn a 2D film into 3D? Reports are unclear.
b u l l e va r d
Words: Martin Apolin. photography: reinhard fichtinger, Stefan Schlumpf/Red Bull Content Pool. illustration: Mandy fischer
The bumper sticker ‘Freeclimbers do it with their fingers’ is grounded in reality. Here’s the physics of a formidable grip
A GRASP OF THE NUMBERS “What’s the correlation between the depth of grip and the maximum vertical force that the fingers can tolerate in a ‘half crimp? [figure 1]’” says Dr Martin Apolin, a member of the physics faculty at the University of Vienna. “A 2012 study tested climbers hanging onto a ledge with one hand, with the aim of objectively measuring finger strength. Each test subject was a top-class climber. Figure 2 shows the correlation between ledge depth and finger strength: the strength increases with the depth of grip and reaches a plateau at 520N. Kilian Fischhuber, a five-time World Cup champion in bouldering [a type of short, fast freeclimbing], has had his finger strength measured at an impressive 800N. “Body weight in Newtons, FG, is determined by FG = mg, where m is the mass of the climber and g is gravity (around 10m/s2). At 63kg, Fischhuber has a body weight of around 630N. With a slight increase in grip depth he could easily hang on with one hand; this would not be the case with other climbers of the same weight who underwent the test. Austrian climbing “Fingers have numerous joints, and ace Kilian Fischhuber, therefore numerous calculations apply, 29, was overall but here we consider them as one integral Bouldering World unit. For a balanced lever the following Cup champion in generally applies: strength, Fk, multiplied 2005, 2007, 2008, by lever arm, rk, equals load, FL , multiplied 2009 and 2011 by load arm, rL , or Fkrk = FLrL (figure 3). The flexor digitorum superficialis is the muscle responsible for deflection of the middle finger joint; its strength, FM, we estimate at 650N. However, because its tendons pull at an angle, the vertical force component, FK, is decisive and so we make a modification: FK = FMcosα and thus FL = FMcosα(rk/rL). “Assuming the same muscle strength, finger strength is indirectly proportional to the load arm rL (FL ~ 1/rL). Depending on where the main support point of the finger is – that is, where FL comes into effect – the load arm changes. With a deep grip, this point is closer to the pivot, rL is smaller (eg 2cm) and FL is therefore larger (450N). If the grip is narrower, this point moves away from the pivot, rL increases (3cm) and FL decreases (300N) [figure 3]. Of course, there are other forearm muscles that increase finger strength. However, with this simple model you begin to appreciate why finger strength decreases with narrower grips.” LET’S ALL HANDHOLD How do you increase finger strength in practice? “By training with a campus board – a wooden board with horizontal rails attached,” says Kilian Fischhuber. In absence of professional training aids, the rest of us can greaten our grip by hanging around the house. “A stable door frame will also work,” Fischhuber says. www.kilian-fischhuber.at
B U L L E VA R D
Alcatraz, the world’s most notorious prison, closed its doors 50 years ago this month. With outlaws locking up in-laws, and a hat-trick of helicopter heists, we remember those who practised the daring art of escape
40,000 The press called him ‘Houdini’ because, in the 1950s, Alfred Hinds escaped custody in England three times. Firstly he cut a copy of his cell key in the Nottingham prison workshop and climbed over a 6m wall. Two years later, he escaped during a trial in London by locking his guards in a toilet cubicle and walking out of court with the crowd. The following year, 1958, he broke out of Chelmsford prison and sold his life story to the tabloids for a reported US$40,000 (worth about seven times that today) in the two years before his recapture.
Pascal Payet may not be the most inventive escapee, but he is one of the more successful. In 2001, he broke out of prison in Luynes, France, with the help of a friend who had commandeered a helicopter. Two years later, he freed three of his former prison-mates – again with a chopper. Once recaptured, he was moved regularly as a precautionary measure. It was unsuccessful: in July 2007, a helicopter landed on the roof of a Grasse prison, and Payet flew to freedom once more. He was back in custody two months later.
Throughout its 29 years of operation, Alcatraz prison, in San Francisco Bay, was regarded as escape-proof. It held 1,576 prisoners from 19341963, and every one of the 14 breakout attempts failed – officially. In 1962, Frank Morris and two fellow prisoners used spoons to dig their way to freedom through ventilation shafts, and set sail in a raft made from rubber raincoats. According to the official account, the trio drowned. But, unlike other would-be escapees, their bodies were never found.
John Dillinger’s career as an outlaw turned him into a folk hero of Depression-era America. Depending on whom you believe, he was part of 12 or 24 or more bank robberies, but his prison escapes number two. The second breakout, from jail in Crown Point, Indiana, on March 3, 1934, was aided by a pistol-shaped piece of wood that Dillinger covered in black shoe polish. Within 15 minutes of brandishing it, he had 33 people locked up: guards, a cook, even the warden’s mother-in-law.
Early in the morning of April 25, 2011, more than 470 Taliban militia members left a prison in Kandahar in one of the most spectacular mass escapes of all time. They scarpered through a tunnel 320m long, which had been five months in the construction and dug mostly from the outside in, from the premises of construction firm opposite the jail. It seemed highly unlikely at the time that all the guards were unaware of what was happening; some prison employees now share cells in the prison with about 70 recaptured escapees.
Alfred Hinds Go to jail: www.nps.gov/alca/index.htm
THE RED BULLETIN
WORDS: FLORIAN OBKIRCHER. PHOTOGRAPHY: CORBIS, REX FEATURES (2), PICTUREDESK.COM (2), GETTY IMAGES (3)
During World War II, Saxony’s Colditz Castle served as a prison camp for Allied officers. In 1944, two British pilots imprisoned there hatched a plan: they aimed to fly to freedom in a glider launched from the roof of the fortress. They secretly built a flying machine from boards, shelves and bedding. It had a wingspan of 9.75m. However, the glider was never put to use: US troops liberated Colditz shortly before the contraption could be cleared for take-off.
THDE N I T E L L R E BU ! P P A
OR I E S T S Y R A ES R DI N E X T R AO NG I M AG
OV I M G N I H S C EY E- C AT C LUSI V E PHOTO EX
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the social climbers Making a 10-storey human tower is a matter of historic civic pride in Catalonia, where town teams compete to build a pyramid of people 300 strong
Words: Andreas Rottenschlagerâ€ƒ Photography: Philipp Horak
The human tower building competition in Vilafranca del PenedĂ¨s, near BarceÂlona
PILING THEM HIGH Human towers, known as castells, are as much a part of Catalan culture as the architecture of Antoni GaudĂ and FC Barcelona. Their origins are in aerial dance moves demonstrated at religious festivals over 200 years ago. Today, about 7,000 castellers in 66 different clubs keep the tradition alive. Competitions are held around Barcelona between April and NovemÂber. There are no judges to award points: whoever builds the most spectacular human pyramid wins.
The Xicots de Vilafranca club: human towers have developed a complex architecture since their beginnings in the 18th century
Building pressure: one of the Baixos (people at the bottom) bites down on his collar, in the absence of a gum shield
Belt and bracing: the black waistbands offer some much-needed support to the lower back muscles
EVERY HANDHOLD COUNTS The best teams can pile their members on top of one another to build human towers up to 10 levels high. The tower is considered complete when the person on top – almost always a child – raises an arm. Anyone passionate and committed can become a casteller. Profession, age and gender are irrelevant. The clubs, ‘colles’ in Catalan, are great levellers. “You have unemployed people climbing on politicians,” says Josep Cabré, president of the Castellers de Vilafranca. “Everyone in the tower is equal.”
The members of the Castellers de Vilafranca club at the start of a nine-level tower. There is a precise blueprint for every formation
SOLID FOUNDATIONS The circular bottom layer of a human tower is called the pinya. It takes shape around the four men at the centre. Other castellers then climb onto their shoulders to form the upper levels. A load-bearer in the pinya has to balance up to 350kg on his shoulders. Salvador Moreno has been doing that for 23 years. â€œSometimes I pass out,â€? he says.
LIFE IN THE TOWER Physique and talent determine a casteller’s position in the tower. Some climb to the top of the human pyramid when they are young schoolchildren, form part of the middle levels as adolescents and support their friends in the pinya as pensioners. The castellers’ motto is the same for everyone, regardless of age – “Força, Equilibri, Valor i Seny”: “Strength, Balance, Courage and Common Sense.” Ivan, six, suffered leg injuries after falling from a castell. “Now I know what it’s like to fly,” he says, proudly. Children have been obliged to wear helmets and gumshields since 2006
The casteller team from Valls, a few seconds after their tower collapsed. Below: Vilafranca team members waiting for the next attempt
RISE AND FALL Most accidents happen when the towers are being deconstructed. One personâ€™s error is enough to make a 300-person castell collapse. But serious injuries remain rare, since the large number of castellers in the base break the fall of those above.
the red bulletin
Sound structural analysis: the Castellers de Vilafranca’s ninelevel tower has a central column and a supporting ring around the second level
A Moment of Sheer Happiness Building human towers means months of training for the short moment when 300 people come together in perfect harmony. Spectators go wild when a castell is complete. Castellers celebrate only once it has been successfully dismantled. “Making human towers,” says Pere Almirall i Piqué, the Castellers de Vilafranca trainer, “is like a drug.”
‘DON’T BE AFRAID’
Three champion castellers on the fear of collapse, pain in the neck (and elsewhere) and the psychology of the human tower
the Architect. Pere Almirall i Piqué is the go-to guy for planning the perfect human tower. Piqué, 38, has a youthful face and is the cap de colla of the Castellers de Vilafranca – the coach of Catalonia’s most successful human-tower-building team. His team, from Vilafranca, a town of 38,000 people about 50km west of Barcelona, has won eight national championships to date, more than any other club. It is one of only two teams worldwide to have built a 10-level castell. “I like the mix of tradition and thrills,” says Piqué, in his office in the centre of Vilafranca. “Making human towers is like a drug. You’ll get addicted eventually.” As cap de colla, it is up to Piqué to decide who goes where in the tower. He decides on tactics for competitions and gives climbing instructions. “You learn how to get on with everyone and how to judge their talents correctly. You have to be equally able to motivate builders and bankers.” He co-ordinates the construction of the tower from outside the pinya, the circular foundation of the castell. “It’s a nerve-racking job, because you’re responsible for its success ,but you can’t get actively involved.” Piqué says that only one in every 100 of his towers collapses. This usually happens during the critical phase shortly after the tower begins to dismantle, when the people at the bottom are already exhausted. The last time one of his castells fell in on itself was during 40
training in the town square, the day before a competition in Vilafranca, with 4,000 home supporters looking on. “Somebody in the second level put the weight on the wrong foot and slipped off. You can’t afford to make that sort of mistake.” After the collapse it was up to Piqué, whose day job is selling fire doors, to massage the egos of 300 men, women and children. “I tried to speak to every one of them individually,” he explains. “As the cap de colla, you’re a counsellor too.” And what did he say to his team? “I said to them, ‘Don’t be afraid. You’re good.’”
the labourer. Cal Figarot is the headquarters of the Castellers de Vilafranca association. The two-storey central building has conference rooms and a lavish dining-hall. To get to the gym, where the castellers practise their formations, you go through the adjacent garden. This place is reminiscent of a circus school: a safety net protects the castellers as they climb during training. A pinboard on a wall has sketches of plans for future castells. Salvador Moreno is stretched out on the grass in front of the gym having his broad back massaged. He is 54 years old and has the upper body of a weightlifter. His position in the tower is called baixos in Catalan, which means ‘the ones at the bottom’. Moreno and his fellow baixos forms the base of the human tower, balancing up
“It’s hard to breathe in the base. I can’t see the people next to me, but we urge each other on” the red bulletin
Left: The Sabaté family believes in the educational value of tower building Below: Vilafranca’s lead casteller, Pere Almirall i Piqué. His day job is selling fire doors; as head casteller, he has to manage, and possibly console, 300 people
TITANS OF TOWER BUILDING The Castellers de Vilafranca are one of the greatest tower-building teams, with their record nine titles at the Catalan championships in Tarragona. The association has 500 members, 300 of whom are actively involved in building the human towers. President Josep Cabré has a theory about why tower building is so popular in his town. “We don’t see ourselves as an association,” he says. “We are a family.”
HUMAN BUILDING BLOCKS From the musclemen in the pinya to the little kid on top, Catalonia’s castells each unite 300 men, women and children in a living work of art. This is how they all fit together
Pom de Dalt (the crown) Enxaneta (rider) Acotxador (riser) Dosos (twos)
Tronc (the trunk) Quints (fifths)
illustration: ruedi schorno
to nine levels on their shoulders. Depending on weight distribution, he could have to support up to 350kg on his body. “It’s hard to breathe,” says Moreno, of his state when a tower is complete. “It’s pitch black where I’m positioned. I can’t see the people next to me, but we urge each other on.” The baixos have to be small and strong. Moreno is 1.69m tall and weighs 96kg. Castellers will tell you that a tower’s heartbeat is in the baixos. Moreno regularly works on his back muscles. The black cummerbund he wraps around his waist provides extra stability. “I still get back pain anyway,” he says. Moreno has been part the red bulletin
Pinya (the base)
Baixos (ones at the bottom) Pom de Dalt: Children aged 6-12 form the top three levels of the castell, known as the crown, on account of their low weight. As soon as the enxaneta – the smallest child at the very top – raises his hand, the tower is considered complete. Tronc: This central trunk section goes up from the centre of the pinya to the level under the dosos in the crown. A tower is classified by the number of people in its tronc. The illustration above shows a ‘3d8’ formation: an eight-level castell with three people in each level of the tronc. Pinya: The base, which contains about 200 people, supports the upper sections and prevents the tronc from buckling. If a castell caves in, the pinya also breaks the fall of tumbling castellers.
of the human pyramids for 23 years. Often people start out on the top of the tower as small children, he explains, and as years go by they work themselves down to the bottom. Moreno works as a salesman in a gardening store. “Not many people can become baixos,” he explains. “Sometimes I faint when the castellers are coming down off my shoulders, but building human towers makes me happy.”
the tower mother. It is evening in Cal Figarot, the association headquarters. The local TV channel, TV3, is showing highlights of the tower-building competitions. While the grownups discuss their rivals’ castells over a beer, a gaggle of children maraud noisily through the canteen. Generations come together in the towers. The youngest member of the Castellers de Vilafranca is just six, the oldest is 63. Silvia Sabaté is 44 and has been helping build castells since she was 18. She helps the baixos in the base with their hard graft. Her children Pere, 11, Foix, 10 and Aina, eight, meanwhile, climb as high as the eighth level. “I get nervous every time they’re up there,” she says. In 2006, in Mataró, 20km north-east of Barcelona, a 12-year-old girl died as a result of her injuries from a fall. The little ones have been obliged to wear helmets and use gumshields ever since. The team warms up together before every competition. They practise how to fall safely in training. Serious injuries, in and out of competition, are rare. Sabaté works as a paediatrician in a Vilafranca hospital. “If I thought the risk was too high, I wouldn’t let my children go up there,” she says, “and I believe in the educational value of tower-building.” What can children learn in the castell? Sabaté thinks about it for a moment. “That everyone is equal.”
b e yo n d t h e
possible Herbert Nitsch is the best freediver the world has ever seen. A man who could hold his breath for 10 minutes and dive down more than 200m into the ocean. In defiance of medical science, he attempted to break his own world record. What happened was unprecedented Words: Ron Mueller and Arek PiÄ…tek
photography: phil simha
Santorini, June 6, 2012, 2.34pm: Herbert Nitsch with auxiliary divers during his world record attempt
Nitsch goes through safety checks before the world record attempt
the red bulletin: What’s the last thing you remember about the dive? herbert nitsch: I can’t say. We’ve gone over the video material from Santorini dozens of times since then and my memories get mixed up with what I see there. But the important thing is that we can say with some certainty how the accident happened. And that nothing like it had ever happened before.
photography: phil simha, maria ziegelböck
erbert Nitsch, a 42-year-old former pilot from Austria, has broken 31 records in a broad range of freediving disciplines. He is the current recordholder in the toughest and most dangerous discipline of all, No Limits, in which the freediver goes as deep as possible into the ocean on one breath, with the help of a powered sled on both the descent and ascent. In 2006, Nitsch set the No Limits mark at 183m; a year later, he improved his record to 214m. On June 6 last year, he planned to improve his record to 244m, diving off the coast of the Greek island of Santorini. Doctors advised him that it would be impossible to dive so deep. Here, in his first full interview since the attempt, he recalls a day of triumph and tragedy.
“What happens to champagne when you pop the cork is what happens to the blood”
Greek tragedy: the failed freediving world record attempt off Santorini has left Herbert Nitsch having to reboot his broken body and brain
timetable of disaster June 6 2012, Santorini, Greece: when it all went wrong
Final preparations: Nitsch hopes to reach a depth of 244m with a single breath, strapped to a diving sled and return to the surface unscathed. That would break the freediving depth record of 214m, which he set in 2007. The dive was scheduled to last 4m 30s.
Nitsch descends at a speed of 3mps. After about 1m 30s, at a depth of 244m, he opens two compressed air cylinders to propel him to the surface. At a depth of 80m, Nitsch should have left the sled, carried on ascending and then made a oneminute decompression stop at 10m.
The unmanned sled emerges. Rescue divers go down for Nitsch.
Nitsch is brought to the surface, having come round from his underwater blackout. This is 30 seconds earlier than planned. His nose is bleeding, he seems dizzy, and tries to rip the diving goggles off a bemused rescue diverâ€™s face.
2.35PM Nitsch goes back under with an oxygen cylinder and the auxiliary divers.
Nitsch resurfaces again. His face is contorted with pain. He is clearly not responsive.
Rescuers heave a writhing Nitsch onto a speedboat, which then heads ashore. He is then flown to a military hospital in Athens. The decompression chamber there is set to the value shown on the bathometer on Nitschâ€™s wrist: 249.5m.
the red bulletin
return to the surface How fainting underwater led to the accident what should have happened
what actually happened
Depth: 0m Time: 4:30
Auxiliary divers bring Nitsch to the surface
Nitsch resurfaces, is responsive and gives the OK sign
Decompression stop for about 90 seconds
80m 2:22 Nitsch leaves the diving sled and heads for the surface alone
10m 2:44 Auxiliary divers begin the rescue operation
249.5m 1:25 Nitsch breaks depth record
the red bulletin
photography: phil simha (4), Peter de Hueber (2), zwefo
Nitsch faints suddenly
What exactly happened during the course of the four minutes you were underwater? I got down to 244m as planned. I passed out at a depth of about 100m when I was coming back up. What I’d actually planned to do was get off the sled, come to the surface slowly by myself and then wait at a depth of 10m for a further minute. In that case, nothing would have happened. But I blacked out through nitrogen narcosis [increased nitrogen content of blood and tissue, due to variation of pressure], even if doctors think it was the bends [increased nitrogen coming out of solution in the blood, forming bubbles] that caused me to faint. In any case, the sled and an unconscious Herbert Nitsch ascended to 10m too quickly. The sled stopped automatically and because I had blacked out, the safety divers rescued me so I didn’t drown, because I was strapped to the sled. From the video, we can see that you came round once you were on the surface, and dived down again straight away. Why was that? I grabbed some pure oxygen and went back down to 10m to counteract the bends. That you must go back down if something happens is so deeply embedded in you as a diver that you do it unconsciously. I can’t remember anything about those few minutes. From a medical point of view, you probably had a stroke, didn’t you? Multiple strokes. To cut a long story short, air is 20 per cent oxygen and 80 per cent nitrogen. During the dive, the oxygen in the blood gets used up and the nitrogen is compressed. If you resurface too quickly, the nitrogen re-expands, almost explosively, and what happens to champagne when you pop the cork is what happens to the blood, which is no good for you at all. The small bubbles of nitrogen that formed when I resurfaced set off a series of strokes. Where did those small nitrogen bubbles cause the most damage? Several parts of my brain were affected, luckily mostly in the lower, rear part of the head and not behind the forehead, as that’s where the personality traits are located. So even if I’m a long way from being the person I once was, when it comes to my personality and character, I’m still the same person. I only come across differently on the outside. Neurological disorders, difficulty finding words and memory loss are all typical stroke symptoms. Have any of these, or other problems, manifested themselves?
“in good moments, humour helps. in bad, it’s enough to drive you mad” I am familiar with those problems and suffer from them. But I’ve become pretty good now at finding another way of saying things when I notice that a word isn’t coming to me. If you ask me a two-part question, I’ll probably answer the first part of it and forget the second. I only just remembered the password for my computer recently, by chance. And names: I’d forgotten almost everyone’s names. I’d be in a fix if it wasn’t for the fact that I’d typed the company people work for next to their names in my phone. How about your movement? I’m back to walking on my own two feet. I don’t use a wheelchair, walking sticks or a Zimmer frame. That’s all great progress, but it still looks awkward, as if I’m made of wood. And if I don’t concentrate, my right leg wobbles as if it is dangling off my hip. If I try to run, it looks even funnier, like a cross between goose-stepping and the Lambada. Your speech only very occasionally betrays a shakiness. If I try to speak fast or there are more complicated words, it’s too fast for my tongue, or rather, too fast for the nerve conduction between my brain and my tongue. It ends up sounding slurred, like I’m a bit drunk. Oddly, English comes to me much more easily than my native German. I have no idea why. Yes, and in general the right side of my body is still very restricted in what it can do. Are you right-handed? Yes, I am. It would be a complete mess if I tried to pour tea into a cup with my right hand, for example. I’ve had to learn to write with my left hand, even if just for the sake of having a signature again. If I use my right hand, my handwriting looks 47
“Even if I’m a long way from being the person i once was, when it comes to my personality, i’m still the same person” The snippets that you pick up sound so awful that you think nothing will come of it all. I was incredibly scared that I’d remain in need of total care. I thought if that’s the case, it’s better to just end the whole thing now. Can you be specific about what you were thinking about? I sat in my wheelchair on the balcony in the rehab centre, looked down and thought: it’s a two-storey drop. That might hurt. It was earth down below, not tarmac, which meant the chances of survival were unfavourably high. I have a good friend who’s a trauma surgeon. She once told me about people who’d tried but hadn’t succeeded and what they ended up looking like. So I wanted to play it safe, and decided to postpone that until I was back in Vienna. I live on the 26th floor, there, after all. How did you stop thinking like that? A lot of things improved. And I promised my father. So lust for life was actually a matter of discipline and how much self-pity you allowed yourself? Yes, it was. My daily life is now a training camp. If I’m on the telephone, I pace up and down, to practise walking. I go shopping to face people. I’ve started going out again in the evening, too: whereas that used to be a pleasure, it’s now part of my training programme. I had to prove to myself that I could do it. Are there things doctors have told you you’ll never be able to do again? The doctors? Forget them. If their initial prognoses are anything to go by, it’s a miracle I’m where I am today. I’ve decided, for the time being, that someone who doesn’t know anything about the accident can’t recognise the consequences.
photography: Maria ziegelböck
scrawly, like a primary school kid trying to impersonate an adult, writing every letter differently. I always start brushing my teeth with my right hand to give it practise; I only switch to my left hand when my shoulder gets too tired. So you are fully aware of all your physical impediments? Fully aware – and not forgetting the loss of memory! I can see, hear and feel all that with complete clarity. I notice it when I can’t recall the name of someone I’ve actually known for years. It can be embarrassing, too. I once asked a girl I used to go out with if we knew each other. In good moments, humour and self-deprecation help. In bad, it’s enough to drive you mad. How does someone who has only known success in life, deal with this? Sometimes I’m sad that I am so aware of it all. Sometimes I’m grateful. Sad because sometimes it’s very depressing, and grateful because only then can I commit to working to improve things. It’s been over nine months since the accident. Has your situation improved much in that time? I’m getting better all the time, but still a long way from being well. How is your rehab going? I do a lot of things myself, such as balance exercises like standing on one leg or reading a book to myself out loud at home to improve my pronunciation. For a while I underwent rehab at the Meidling Hospital in Vienna, but they’re not set up for cases like mine. How could they be? Basically, the clinical outpatient rehab was the same for me as it was for a 75-year-old stroke victim who weighed 100kg and had never done any sport in his life. You build little towers out of coloured wooden blocks, or you don’t because you’re not dexterous enough, and the blocks fall off the table. Things that are so easy to do, making it all the worse when you can’t do them. It’s humiliating. Sometimes, you think the patients whose brains are affected are better off. They don’t understand the state they’re in. Have you experienced any feelings of despair, fear or anger? No anger. Some fear. Mostly despair. As much despair as you can imagine. It was really bad at the beginning, after I’d stayed at a clinic in Greece followed by rehab in Germany. There were tubes coming out of my body in places where there weren’t meant to be holes. You can hear the doctors and nurses whispering about you. You don’t really want to hear it, but then you can’t be deaf to it, either.
Despite almost killing him, the ocean is in Nitsch’s future plans: he wants to live on it
“If I’d known that this is how it would turn out, i wouldn’t have done it. ever” Below: meditational breathing exercises are part of Nitsch’s routine. At one time, he could hold his breath for 10 minutes at rest. Bottom: the diving sled
the consequences of the accident? No. If I’d known that this is how it would turn out, I wouldn’t have done it. Ever. Did you simply go beyond a point humans aren’t supposed to pass? Yes and no. No, because I was always much more cautious and always more aware of the dangers than everyone else. I wasn’t an adventurer. I was a long way from being a risk taker. I’ve given a lot to the sport, especially when it comes to safety. If nothing else it’s what made me so good. You won’t get any better at freediving if you behave more stupidly. You get better the cleverer you are. So how did you end up overdoing it? I went through with the world record attempt in Santorini even though there were bad signs. I shouldn’t have done it. It was a chain of unfortunate circumstances there, Murphy’s Law in its purest form. There was bad weather; the boat broke free because it wasn’t anchored properly; a fishing boat caught our anchor and dragged our boat away; we didn’t have a pressure chamber on site both for financial reasons and because partners backed out. There were a lot of organisational things in the run-up, unexpected problems with authorities, disagreements with sponsors. For example, at 2am on the night before the incident, I was up signing a contract. I think I can say if just one of those things hadn’t happened, everything would have been OK. Regular bad luck wouldn’t have been a problem. Why did you have to organise all of the paperwork yourself? The organisational side of things in Santorini was meant to be taken care of by the main sponsor, but after preliminary negotiations, the agreement fell apart and so I had to do it all myself. Some people helped out, like my father, who organised the whole rescue process. With respect, isn’t spending your time on admin instead of dive preparation entirely unprofessional? I rarely slept more than four hours a night in the weeks running up to the attempt, as there was so much to organise. On the one hand, I’d planned a completely different set-up for Santorini, but then the sponsor left me in the lurch at the last minute because they suddenly had very different ideas to the ones we’d agreed to. On the other, things had developed in such a way over the years that I looked after my own affairs myself. For me, diving has never been about money. It has always been my hobby. The paperwork developed alongside it and it was never actually that complicated. Sponsors came the red bulletin
photography: Maria ziegelböck, phil simha (2)
Will you ever dive again? I already have – on one of the last nice autumn days at the end of September in Neufelder See, a lake near Vienna. Only to a depth of 3m, but it was nice. Nothing can happen to you in the water there: you can’t fall over, you can’t hurt yourself. But I really enjoyed swimming. It went a lot better than I thought it would, from a technical point of view. I didn’t know if I might end up splashing about like a dog. My right arm and leg might have been unco-ordinated, but I still swam faster than some of the other swimmers. You took freediving to places that were deemed impossible, experiencing things no one had before you. Was it worth it? Do the highs justify the lows, you mean? My highs were the lows, after all. But do your career and success justify
to me; it wasn’t me going to them. Is it true that the representative from AIDA, the world body for freediving, was with you in Santorini but left before the record attempt? Oh, that didn’t matter. I didn’t even know that someone had come. AIDA was being sponsored by a competitor of my sponsors and effectively wanted to sell my record as their sponsor’s achievement. We reached an agreement at first, but then they backpedalled at the last minute. It wasn’t AIDA rejecting me. It was me uninviting AIDA. But any world record wouldn’t have been officially recognised? I couldn’t care less about that. Firstly, there are other organisations and, secondly, I had almost a dozen measuring computers down there with me. Recognition from some association or other makes no difference. With the preparation on Santorini far from ideal, you could have just said, “Sorry guys, we’ve got to wait a few days.” Why didn’t you? There were a couple of dozen journalists from all over the world there, as well as the sponsors and, of course, they wanted us to make it into the press before the silly season began. So there was pressure in that respect, and also financially, because I had invested €100,000 of my own money in the event. Delaying it would have meant a great loss of money and media interest. I often thought about putting it off. What finally made you decide to go through with it? My ultimate goal wasn’t the 800ft I was going to descend to in Santorini. It was 1,000ft [244m is 800.5ft; 1,000ft is 304.8m], which I knew was possible, too – 800ft was just a staging post, a good practice run. We weren’t even close to the limit. It’s the same as asking Usain Bolt to run the 100m in under 10 seconds. You don’t need perfect conditions for that. I thought my eardrums would burst, and that I’d have a couple of weeks of pain, tops. It didn’t seem important whether I had a couple of hours’ more or less sleep at night. That was probably my mistake. What are your plans for the future? First, I need to keep working on myself, physically and mentally. But what most people don’t know is that even before Santorini, competitive freediving was perhaps only five per cent of what I did. I gave quite a lot of lectures. My experience as a professional pilot and freediver covers a lot: organisational optimisation, risk management, crisis the red bulletin
“I invested €100,000 of my own money, and the media was watching, so there was pressure on me to do it” management. So that should be one mainstay. And, because one sled-maker left me in the lurch, a friend and I built my sled together. W e did things that were considered impossible and I learned how to work with carbon and fibreglass in the
process. I’d like to use this skill and build a boat I can live on and travel overseas and give lectures. A 50ft boat – sporty, economical, environmentally sound – that can survive for months on solar panels alone. And there are plans for a new type of submarine. There have already been a dozen men who’ve stepped foot on the moon, but only three have been to the depths of the ocean. So that’s a great challenge. How deep did you actually go that day off the coast of Santorini? The computers show that I went down to 250m, and some other measurements say 249.5m. But I don’t want to boast about that. From my point of view, I failed. What’s the record now, in your view? Intuitively, I’m more likely to say 214m. But to tell the truth, I don’t care now. www.herbertnitsch.com
Diary 14 14 stag es
sto ri es
Drivers, riders, support staff and locals recount their days and nights on the merciless 8,500km race across Peru, Argentina and Chile Words: Werner Jessner Photography: Philipp Horak
PERU LIMA PISCO NAZCA AREQUIPA
L a u r e n t L a z a r d, m o t o r b i k e , U r u g u ay “‘A red wire and a black one… no. No. The red one, you mean? OK. Speak later.’” Stay calm. My Yamaha’s engine has cut out after just 3.9km of the very first special stage, and isn’t making a sound. After my phone call to the mechanic back at the bivouac [the mobile village of race staff and team support crews], at least the horn is now working, which only makes the whole thing more confusing. Local fans pretending to be motorbike specialists have now descended on my bike, to try to fix it. When all is said and done, internal combustion engines are not spaceships. Petrol, an ignition spark and you’re away. But, sadly, we haven’t got an ignition spark and the petrol isn’t flowing, and I’d made such an effort for my eighth Dakar Rally: I’d grown a moustache and had pink shirts produced with my name on. Today it’s taken me six hours to do what should have taken 10 minutes, and I’m at the back of the field. Even the trucks have long since passed me. If I can get the bike working again, all well and good. If not, then I’ll go down in history as the man with the shortest-ever Dakar experience.”
Pisco–Pisco S i m i o n V e la s q u e C r u z , u m b r e lla r e n t al , P e r u “I turned 52 this year and I run a beach umbrella rental business in the town where I live, Paracas. I loaded 30 umbrellas onto my 1974 Datsun pickup truck early this morning and drove the 17km to Pisco. There’s not much going on at the local beach today, anyway; half the people in town have gone to watch the Dakar. Apparently, there have been a million Peruvians on the streets since yesterday, watching the cars, trucks and motorbikes. The bivouac is stopping in Pisco for two days, which means good business for me. Down at the entrance, a couple of guys are selling Dakar T-shirts they printed themselves which they’re not actually allowed to do. But I have no guilt when it comes to my umbrellas. Paracas is a lot more beautiful than Pisco. The Dakar should come to Paracas.” 54
CIFIC PA EAN OC
L i m a– P i s c o
Atacama Desert COPIAPÓ LA SERENA
SAN MIGUEL DE TUCUMÁN
LA RIOJA CÓRDOBA
SANTIAGO DE CHILE
The buggy of Russian driver Sergey Savenko is stripped bare for repair at the bivouac workshop. It is a similar scene here each evening, as seemingly hopeless vehicles are brought back to life by expert mechanics
N a z c a–A r e q u i pa
A r e q u i pa–A r i c a
T i m o G o t t s c h al k , c o - d r i v e r , G e r m a n y “Two years ago, I won the Dakar alongside Nasser Al-Attiyah. This year, it’s my job to show Carlos Sainz the best route, in buggy number 303. You’ve got to think of the special stages as a digital treasure hunt: you have to reach one GPS checkpoint after another, in the correct order. That’s a good 50, 60 GPS checkpoints a day with stages lasting 200km, sometimes even 400km. Yesterday, we missed one checkpoint, or rather it wasn’t on the GPS. Today we know why: a GPS failure by the event organiser was to blame. We won the stage, but a rival team protested against us. There’s no room for sentimentality at the top. If the protest is accepted, we’ll be slapped with a 20-minute penalty, which will push us way down the field, even though we did nothing wrong.”
Na s s e r A l - A t t i y a h , ca r , Qa t a r “Our buggy’s driving really well so far. It’s stunning, and we’re absolutely delighted considering it’s such a new project and we didn’t do nearly as many test kilometres as we’d have liked to do. Carlos’s car seems to have had a bit of trouble, but everything’s running smoothly for us. [Sainz and Al-Attiyah are teammates in the Qatar Red Bull Rally Team]. It was a great win today: the 16th stage win of my career. I’m just under five minutes behind the leader, Stéphane Peterhansel. It looks like it’s going to boil down to a duel between our new rear-wheeldrive buggy and the experienced four-wheel-drive Mini. I’m very happy at the moment, but there’s still a long way to go in the rally.”
A n d r e y Ka r g i n o v , t r u c k , R u s s i a “A regular day for us. We overtook Hans Stacey, yesterday’s truck winner. He had a problem and flipped onto his roof. We got stuck soon after, but we managed to free ourselves. Then our teammate Ayrat Mardeev got stuck and we towed him out of the sand. Someone overtook us while we were doing that, but not for long. We finished the stage in second and have moved up to fifth overall. You’ve got to go at your own pace. Our rivals who set off too hard are having problems. Stacey says he went through the mountains so quickly because he’s afraid of them; I think that’s true. Only the mechanic, who’s on board for the first time, complains about the rattling cab, but he hasn’t puked on me yet. That’s probably thanks to the dried fish and beer we eat at the end of stages.”
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Additional Photography: Marcelo Maragni/Red Bull Content Pool
Clockwise from above: argentinian police officers are on hand to secure the course; a doctor surveys the damage after an X-ray in the bivouac; rest is taken whenever and wherever possible; nasser al-attiyah and Carlos Sainz power across the dusty track
a r i c a– c a L a m a yo u r A m e A s s At h i A n y, D o C t o r , F r A n C e “I’m 60 years old and have been manager of the Dakar medical team for eight years. There are 58 of us, and on average we treat 200 patients a day; about 80 per cent of those are motorbike riders. They come with various complaints: diarrhoea, injuries, sunburn, mosquito bites, altitude sickness. We’re at an altitude of almost 5,000m after all. We’re also on hand for fatal accidents. We have X-ray and ultrasound equipment in the bivouac. Two trailers are dismantled and rebuilt at each stage location, moving 12 tonnes of equipment every time we do so. Our patients are extremely stoical. None of them gives up willingly. It’s not our job to stop them. If there’s any way we can, we get them back into the race. Our rush hour starts at 6pm. Things begin to slow down after midnight. We’re on call 24 hours a day.” 57
Additional Photography: Marcelo Maragni/Red Bull Content Pool
Pascal Thomasse (in buggy) and co-driver Pascal Larroque (holding cable) attempt to rescue their car from a river after a flash flood during stage 11. The French duoâ€™s vehicle was eventually dragged out with the help of a helicopter and they were back on track for Stage 12 the next day
C a l a m a - S a lt a
After crashing into a police car, 25-year-old French motorcyclist Thomas Bourgin (above) died at the side of the road in the early hours of the morning before Stage 7. This was during one of the rally’s liaison sections – driving between the end of stages and the bivouac sites. This is not the first fatality of the race. During Stage 5 of the rally, a support vehicle for British team Race2Recovery crashed into two Peruvian taxis while following the race. Two locals died, and seven people were injured. Many drivers, especially the motorbike riders, have long considered the hellishly long, soporific – and irrelevant in terms of competition – liaisons between the stage locations more dangerous than the actual stages themselves.
S a lt a – S a n M i g u e l de Tucumán
“The Dakar Rally creates friendships, but it also ends them”
F e r d i n a n d K r e i dl , m o t o r b i k e , A u s t r i a “I used to jokingly call my teammate Ingo Zahn the Prussian, and he’d call me a Burgenlander – even though we’re not from those parts of Austria or Germany. Just a bit of team banter born out of a desire to make the suffering, torment, lack of sleep and setbacks bearable by keeping spirits high in the tent. But ever since Ingo had a problem with his petrol and I didn’t stay with him, the atmosphere in the tent has gone a little sour. My view is that I couldn’t have helped him out there. Ingo sees things differently. The Dakar creates friendships, but it also ends them. We did achieve our first goal, which was to reach the halfway stage in Tucumán. Last year, my engine conked out 200km before the rest day and Ingo shattered his collarbone on the second day. When we’re not racing, we’re both businessmen, and that’s how we calculate risk when we’re on the bike. People often call riders like us, who come in below 100th place, Dakar tourists. But this type of ‘holiday’ costs €50,000 a head and that’s not including the bike. Although local companies support me too, I’m my own biggest sponsor.”
Tucumán-Córdoba Cyril Despres, motorbike, France “Two muesli bars, two almond bars, two guarana gels, five power bar gels, one banana bar, a half-litre protein shake, twoand-a-half litres of hydro drink… Sadly, all that wasn’t enough today. I still had to raid a petrol station before the liaison section and buy some more supplies. Back in the trailer, my assistant had prepared two raw egg yolks and a portion of space food, and then there was dinner. So let’s say today’s stage was really tough. I had to drive in a slight crouching position the whole time with my backside 20cm above the seat. That was the only way to be quick. My performance today wasn’t only down to my fitness, it was also because of the correct tyre preparations. The tyres need to be warmed up carefully, as that’s the only way the puncture protection mousse inside them will work perfectly. I had to change my engine two days ago and I had to do it by myself as no mechanics were allowed during that particular section of the race. (I’m being very cautious with the new one.) Today, I limited myself to a top speed of 140kph on the quick sections, even though I could have gone 160kph. Still, I moved from sixth to second place overall and am now only five minutes behind my teammate and support rider, Ruben Faria. Today was what my rivals call a D-day: a Despres day.”
C ó r d o b a– L a R i oja Ga r a y J u l i o C e s a r , policeman, Argentina “Today is my 36th birthday. My colleagues and I stood at the 59.4km point and made sure that the spectators didn’t get too close to the course. That wasn’t easy here, as there wasn’t a cordoned-off viewing area. Hundreds of people were lying in the river – it was almost 40°C. We were deployed yesterday at 11pm, for a 24-hour shift. The rally is a large-scale operation for the police. Today in Córdoba, there were 3,500 police on duty: 1,000 to secure the course, with the rest stretched out along the liaison sections and making sure the bivouac is safe. It’s a nice birthday for me.” 59
L a r i oja- F i a m b a L á rAFAeL oLmos, PetroL stAt i o n oW n e r , A r g e n t i n A “My brother José and I run the petrol station in Fiambalá. It’s the last one before copiapó in chile, and you have the Andes in between. If you want to cross the border here, you’ve got to fill up with us. We sell 100,000 litres of petrol during the Dakar: that’s as much as we sell the rest of the year combined. Queues are long. Some support vehicles end up waiting three hours. I hope the Dakar will continue to pass through our town for many years.”
F i a m b a L á– c o P i a P ó
above: an over-worked mechanic takes a break. Right: Ruben Faria (left) celebrates with Cyril despres after the kTm Red Bull Rally Factory Team duo finished second and first respectively in the bike category
“Two of us are trying to ﬁx the car and two are trying to follow by hitching” cREDIT
JosÉ mAriA DiAs, PhotogrAPher, brAziL “Every day, the four of us [Dias and fellow photographers Vinicius Branquelo, Eric Schreder and gustavo Epifano] get up at about 3.30am, have breakfast, make a packed lunch and get out the door. The best spots for taking photos are normally a few hours’ drive off tarmac roads, and at that time of day, no fool is going to come to your rescue if you get stuck because of carelessness or because you’re too tired. The sun rising as you’re doing your morning business on a dune, rather than in the chemical hell of a portable loo: those are the moments that stay with you. Work starts the moment the first motorbike looms into view: taking photos, working on them in the car and sending them off by satellite phone. The working day often lasts late into the afternoon, at which point we still have hundreds of kilometres to travel by road to the next stage location. If nothing goes wrong, we’re in the bivouac around 10pm. But something always does go wrong. The Dakar has so far ruined a camera, a laptop display, the tailgate on our Mitsubishi Pajero, a roof-rack and a wheel bearing. But we’ve parted ways since arriving in the bivouac in La Rioja after the car caught fire on the left-hand rear side. Two of us are trying to get the car working again and two are trying to follow the rally by hitching. Our clients want up-to-date pictures; no one asks how or why. But the mood is good.”
Copiapo–La Serena G i n i e l d e V i ll i e r s , ca r , S o u t h A f r i ca “The quickest cars out there are the good buggies. If they don’t suffer problems, they’ll win the rally with an hour to spare. The Minis are quicker than us too. They’re advanced and have a much bigger budget. We’re getting a lot out of not much with our pickup but we still have to come up with much more in time for 2014; we have to get more out of the engine and chassis and eliminate the brake problems. A podium finish tomorrow would mean we’d more than met our targets, which was also our goal. Stéphane Peterhansel will win and we’ll hang on to second place. The trick is to cut your speed by exactly the right amount so as not to lose concentration. Ten years ago exactly my engine blew 2km from the finish and we almost didn’t make it over the finish line. I think back to that. The race is only done once you’re over the finish line.”
Laurent Lazard gets his bike fixed and finishes the Dakar… in 99th place, some 19 and a half hours off the pace. Simion Velasque Cruz is still renting sunshades in Paracas. Engine trouble forces Sainz and Gottschalk to retire during Stage 6. The water pump on Nasser Al-Attiyah’s buggy conks out on Stage 9, when the Qatari is in second place. Andrey Karginov and the guys in the number 510 Kamaz truck finish the Dakar in second place, having eaten fish all the way to the finish line. Three-quarters of the Dakar retinue uses the medicine tent at least once by the end of the rally. The Chilean authorities say they want to investigate the death of Thomas Bourgin. Ferdinand Kreidl and Ingo Zahn soldier on to Santiago… as solo competitors. Zahn finishes 85th, Kreidl three places further back.
La Serena – S a nt i a g o
Thousands of spectators at a petrol station at four in the morning, human cordons on main roads, seas of flags by the side of a motorway, a flurry of camera flashes on the way to the bivouac, girls screaming, boys waving, women blowing kisses, men dancing. You can’t imagine better fans that those who have supported the rally in Peru, Chile and Argentina. There’s chanting. There are autographs. There are hugs. A football stadium atmosphere all the way. At least half of all regular cars have Dakar stickers on them. But the fans are considered, not crazed. Always friendly, patient, kind. Having your photo taken with Cyril Despres is just the same as having your photo taken with a mechanic: it’s unforgettable.
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Cyril Despres notches his fifth Dakar Rally victory in the bike category. On January 1, four days before the start of the race, he found out he will become a father for the first time this summer. Once the Dakar passes through Córdoba, the police can get back to regular work. Event organiser ASO keeps an eye on the speeds via GPS. Every kph over the speed limit attracts a hefty fine. Peace reigns once again at the Olmos brothers’ petrol station. One of the four photographers makes it to Santiago. Their boss is thinking of buying a decent car in time for 2014. Giniel de Villiers takes second place overall, coming in 42 minutes behind overall winner Stéphane Peterhansel, who is now the only man to have won the rally five times with a car. The South American fans hope that the Dakar will swing by again in 2014, and that the Dakar Rally never goes near Dakar in Africa ever again. www.dakar.com
From working the lights for his parents’ band aged 10, to playing on American television every night, via two decades of groundbreaking hip-hop leading The Roots, Ahmir ‘Questlove’ Thompson is riding high on an unparalleled musical journey Words: Jonathan Cohen
At 11am, in studio 6B of American TV network NBC’s Rockefeller Center headquarters in New York, the loudest noise you can hear is the vacuum cleaner going up and down the aisles of empty seats in preparation for that day’s taping of the chat show Late Night With Jimmy Fallon. Then, a break in the tidying makes audible a series of snare drum hits coming from just outside the studio doors. Follow the sounds into the hallway, make a left, and you come to a blue door emblazoned with name of The Roots. A Grammy award encased in glass is affixed to the wall nearest to 62
Photography: Jason Nocito
“I’M A PERSON THAT LISTENS TO MUSIC FIVE HOURS A DAY”
: How fortunate were you to have grown up in musical family? : Between the ages of two and 13, I learned every aspect of show business. Every aspect of it. I started off as the navigator, figuring out how to get from my house to a nightclub or to another state. I had to learn to read a map at the age of seven. Then, I graduated to wardrobe. I steamed, ironed, handwashed whites. By 10, I was running the lights. I had to learn how to cut gels and operate different systems. I would come before soundcheck, mark spotlights and get a ladder. When I was 10 or 11, I started learning chord charts. I learned my dad’s material left and right, so I could identify a B-flat 9, a C-major, an E7 and so on. I became the de-facto bandleader. Then when I was 12 or 13, I became the full-time drummer. That whole time, I was just watching my mom and dad entertain. Later, without even knowing it, I realised The Roots were THE RED BULLETIN
incorporating the same exact lessons. We became big on hip-hop karaoke. That’s what my dad did. He didn’t just do his songs. He did the songs of the day, the songs that were familiar. He knew how to perfectly navigate a show. The first five minutes, you hit them with something they know. The next two songs, your mom is the entertainer and the comedian. Of course, I thought that was basic, general education. I just assumed that every kid knew how to get to Muncie, Indiana. And then it was like, ‘What do you mean, you’ve never been to a nightclub before?’ I didn’t realise how privileged I was until I was much older. Was the more structured environment of high school a culture shock? Well, I had to start all over again. I played drums like an adult when I was eight, so there was a novelty factor of having this little kid in the show. My dad’s show was so good that it transcended the oldies
circuit. He had a model wife and two kids that defied their age in the show. He used it to his advantage. When I got to high school, suddenly I wasn’t the shark in the small aquarium. I was a sardine in the Pacific Ocean. On the second day of school, Christian McBride and Joey DeFrancesco got yanked out of class to play on Philadelphia morning TV alongside Miles Davis. Meanwhile, I’m like the fifth drummer, playing the triangle and maybe a tambourine. I was by no means the star. I was frustrated, but I’m glad it happened the way it happened. Boyz II Men were stars in our school, with all the screaming girls. Tariq and
“THE ROOTS ARE SUCCESSFUL BECAUSE WE GATHERED TWO OF EVERY ANIMAL AND MADE THEM OUR INNER CIRCLE”
ADDITIONAL PHOTOGRAPHY: ROBIN LANAANEN
the handle. Behind the door, Ahmir ‘Questlove’ Thompson is running through one of several pieces of music he and his bandmates will be performing a few hours later when Jimmy Fallon is recorded. (A show is taped at 5.30pm every Monday to Friday, and broadcast ‘as live’, from 12.35am Eastern Time the same night.) Every American talk show of this kind has a house band to soundtrack its guests’ entrances and play along with its host, but that Fallon’s house band is The Roots is exceptional. The Roots are a hip-hop band with a dozen studio albums and almost twice as many current and former members. They are critically acclaimed, yet lost none of their kudos when they became a house band. In fact, they earned a little more. A large part of this goodwill is down to Questlove (a name sometimes written as ?uestlove). He was born on January 20, 1971, in Philadelphia, the son of doo-wop great Lee Andrews of Lee Andrews and the Hearts. His earliest memories involve being on the road with his parents in another band in which his mother, Jacqui, sang. By the time he was a teenager, he was the full-time drummer. He also attended the Philadelphia High School for Creative and Performing Arts, where he met future Roots MC Tariq Trotter and furthered his ambitions alongside classmates who would go on to have stellar careers in the music industry.
RED BULL MUSIC ACADEMY: NY It’s a playground for passionate musicians, a melting pot of musical ideas and visions. Or, as Questlove puts it, “the most progressive entity of music education”. Since 1998, the Red Bull Music Academy has been travelling the globe, setting up shop once a year in cities such as London, Cape Town, São Paulo, Melbourne and Madrid. Two groups of 30 selected participants – producers, instrumentalists, vocalists, and DJs, from all over the world and of all musical genres – come together for a month (two weeks for each group of
30) to work together in music studios, play the town’s best clubs and venues and learn from the professionals. Mentors such as Questlove (who has been working closely with Red Bull Music Academy since 2006) techno legend Carl Craig, composer Steve Reich and star producer Mark Ronson not only drop in to give lectures and classes, they also stay longer, sometimes for days, jamming in the studios with the participants and sharing their wisdom. Now in its 15th year, the Red Bull Music Academy sets course for New York, the birthplace of punk and hip-hop. In
tribute to the city’s creativity, the Academy will deliver to New York a five-week festival with 35 shows by more than 150 artists. Among the highlights: public talks from Nile Rodgers of Chic and James Murphy of LCD Soundsystem; an audiovisual installation from Brian Eno; and gigs by artists like Kim Gordon (Sonic Youth), Four Tet and, of course, 60 Red Bull Music Academy participants from 35 countries.
Red Bull Music Academy, New York City from April 28-May 31. www. redbullmusicacademy.com
I didn’t have that moment, but it did happen after we graduated. Because of our tortoise-and-the-hare journey, we’re able to sustain a very good living now, whereas many of our contemporaries are on decline or on shaky ground. Where today do you think that new artists hone their talents? One of the biggest regrets I have about where music is now is the idea that a subculture in the underground doesn’t matter. Hip-hop kind of turned its own Ginsu sword on itself in about 1997, when suddenly only winners counted, and losers or strugglers weren’t anyone. As a result, nobody wanted to embrace the underground. It became the highlightreel era. You just want to watch the amazing slam-dunks, not well-executed team play. Puffy started that era, in my opinion. The narrative became aspirational and all about winning. It no longer celebrated the water boy, the statistician or the assistant coach. Those people help the team as well. Everybody began to 66
fast-forward to highlight, highlight, highlight. Probably the biggest debate I always get into with Jay-Z is about the need to pay it forward and establish a subculture. Right about now, there is no subcultural context for black music. The reason The Roots became successful is because we decided to gather two of every animal and make them a part of our inner circle. It wasn’t a coincidence that The Roots went from selling 200,000 units to being platinum. Mos Def the same thing. And Gang Starr, and D’Angelo, and Talib Kweli, and Erykah Badu. This movement was brewing and that’s the result of it: the fact that it could be contextualised. As with most strugglers in the underground, once you get that success, it’s like Lot. You don’t want to look back to Sodom and Gomorrah. It’s sacrilegious to look back. But, you can wind up isolated. In the age of YouTube, yes, you can sit in your bedroom, cover a Little Dragon song and be a star overnight on the Internet. It’s cool, but it’s temporary. It doesn’t make a 20-year career. So what basic skills do you feel are necessary to make a career in music? I don’t know if it’s more about skills or
ADDITIONAL PHOTOGRAPHY: GETTY IMAGES
“IN THE AGE OF YOUTUBE, YOU CAN COVER A SONG AND BE A STAR OVERNIGHT ON THE INTERNET. IT’S COOL, BUT TEMPORARY. IT DOESN’T MAKE A CAREER”
just the willingness to fail in public. A great example is Jill Scott and Jaguar Wright. They were two friends of The Roots. We met them around the same time in 1994 and 1995. When we started having jam sessions at our house, Jill was working retail and going to school, and Jaguar was working at WaWa – like a more refined 7-11. Every week, they’d be at the house for the jam sessions. Even though they were friends, there was an Ali/Frazier thing going on. Jaguar had an insane ability to freestyle as a singer. She had our crowd on the edge of their seats with any words she sang. That made Jill step up her game and prepare and practise at home. So when she’d come back the next week, she’d have the crowd, not Jaguar. This happened every Friday in 1997, 1998 and 1999, and some Sundays. You devote three hours, 365 days a year for several years in a row, and all of a sudden they’re the most seasoned performers you can imagine. It’s the idea of a workshop. The idea of patience and waiting. It is kind of lost on this time period. I wish there was a just-add-water solution where you could get that seasoning. Working here, I’ve seen situations where artists with only
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a year or two of experience are in the dressing room shaking and running to the bathroom. The Roots were nervous out of our heads when we did our first two Late Night With Jimmy Fallon shows. But now I laugh, thinking back, because we have done it so many times. You’re going to teach a class on classic albums at New York University. What do you hope to impart to the students that they can apply practically? I decided to start simple. I had the option to make this a 100-student class, but I told NYU that I wanted the minimum. So I have 24 students. I simply want to teach them the art of patience for listening to music. As much as I’m supposed to be an encyclopedia of music, as a hip-hop producer, I was taught to skim through records. You put one on, and you skim, skim, skim, looking for a sample or a break. I’m trying to reverse that and explain to people why some records are more important than others, then leave it in their hands. Someone born 40 years after I was born, in 1971, they now have more information than ever before. But what I think we’re lacking are teachers to point them in the right direction. Just
this morning, I had to scold someone who scolded someone for not knowing that It’s a Shame was not a Monie Love rap song, but a Spinners song from the 1960s. I was in that sort of shake-myhead mode when I first got on Twitter, but then I realised that basic things I take for granted have to be passed on, you know what I mean? There’s a wealth of information out there and it’s easier to access, but it takes patience to sift through it, and it also takes patience to help someone do that. Do you think it’s bad that music fans today can discover an artist and not only learn just about everything about them straight away, but also immediately access all of their music? It’s not maddening for me. The three artists I care about the most in that sense – Stevie Wonder, Michael Jackson and Prince – I have just enough empty space in my brain to absorb that music. And
“ I LEARNED EVERY ASPECT OF SHOW BUSINESS WITH MY PARENTS’ BAND. WHEN I WAS SEVEN, I WAS THE NAVIGATOR, FIGURING OUT HOW TO GET FROM MY HOUSE TO A NIGHTCLUB”
Questlove and The Roots at 27th Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony
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I’m a person who listens to music probably five hours a day. Between working out, being in the car and when I go home, I probably devote five hours. Some people do come to the end of their rope. Some DJs I grew up on stopped playing new music long ago. I probably would have become that person if I hadn’t discovered stems [components of a song separated digitally]. Stems have given me a new lease on life, because I get to learn how records are made all over again. Is loving music and having so much music to listen to frustrating? There’s really not enough time to get through it all. I need to figure out what will happen to my record collection if I die. As soon as I know exactly where this show is going to be for the next few years, then I can start building what I call the ultimate library. Is the album still a viable form in which to release music? This year, The Roots will release a new album, a collaboration with Elvis Costello, and the last two albums were quite conceptual. You know how in the movies, when the bad guys know it’s the end, they either push the pedal to the metal like in Thelma and Louise or they give up? There is no precedent for a rap group at this point in their career to be on the same label, releasing their 16th record. I always think, ‘OK, this is going to be your last grand statement, and you always need an exclamation point at the end.’ If you’re not going to compete with what’s winning, like Rihanna, Drake or fun., then maybe you should just do what you know how to do best, and wait for the guillotine to drop. Then you release it, the guillotine doesn’t drop, and you’re like, phew, let’s do it again. That’s pretty much the state of mind I’m in with every record. You’ve had a good run of critically acclaimed albums, so let’s go out with a bang. I want to do a lot of things we haven’t gotten the chance to do yet. You work with the musical guests on Late Night With Jimmy Fallon every night, but with The Roots you have made albums with the likes of John Legend and Betty Wright. Working with new people fires your creative imagination, but do you prefer collaborating on one track or an entire album? Well, I do not have the know-how or the knowledge to make a grandiose statement in three minutes and 30 seconds. I wish I had that gift. But I know how to make a statement in 70 minutes. www.theroots.com
Cross purposes The shy, retiring girl from Ireland taking on the Africans in their own backyard at the World Cross Country Championships – with a medal in her sights
The reigning double European women’s cross-country champion wouldn’t say boo to a goose, but instead of jumping out of her skin at the sound of a starting pistol, she leaps into action as one of the very best athletes of her kind. There was little timidity on show in Fionnuala Britton’s historic win, in Hungary last December, when she became the first woman to defend the European cross-country title. It was not just the fact of her second European title win, but the manner of it that makes her the most likely athlete to challenge the African hegemony at the world championships in Poland on March 24. She set the pace early on in Budapest, before drawing away to a win that confirmed her breakthrough success in Velenje, Slovenia, 12 months earlier, was no fluke. Britton also led the Ireland squad to team gold in Budapest, which meant another chance to hear the national anthem in a discipline that has been kind to Irish athletes over the years. A native of Newcastle, Co Wicklow, she is an elfin 158cm tall, with a silken running style that leaves rivals clodhopping in her wake. In January this year, she won the Great Edinburgh Run, for the second year in a row, again with a dominant performance in which she led from the front. An imposing, front-running style is the new hallmark of an athlete who has stepped up a level in the past two seasons, thanks in part to the better training structure she now has with her coach of two years, Chris Jones. The only thing slow about Britton is the growth of her public profile beyond the closeted world of crosscountry running. While she is a little shy in public, the two-time Olympian and sports science graduate also 68
Photography: Paul Calver
holds a master’s degree in physiology, looks much younger than her 28 years and exudes a bubbly, carefree air. A converted 3,000m steeplechaser, who also competed in the 5,000m and 10,000m at the London 2012 Olympic Games, Britton admits that she seems to go better every time she switches to a longer distance – which is why
“Some people will say that you can’t get cross-country medals racing African athletes. I don’t think like that” there is already talk of her moving up again, to compete in the marathon at the Olympics in Rio in 2016. “It’s hard to step back,” Britton says. “You move on to the marathon, it’s hard to come back and focus properly on the 5k and 10k. I feel like I can keep improving at the moment,
doing what I’m doing, so I don’t really want to move exclusively into doing marathons just yet. I definitely do want to do it, but some time in the future.” The forthcoming World Cross Country Championships in Bydgoszcz loom large on the horizon, where Britton will surely finish higher than the 14th place she managed at her previous appearance at the worlds, in Mombasa, Kenya, six years ago. Britton bristles at the suggestion that with so many excellent African athletes running in favoured conditions, the outcome is already a foregone conclusion. “I don’t think it should be,” she insists, “because that’s just giving in to the other countries, especially in cross-country with the Africans, and saying, ‘OK we can’t compete so we won’t bother.’ “To say something like, ‘I can win the Europeans, but I’m not going to win the worlds, so there’s no point in doing it,’ seems like a bit of a defeatist attitude, I think.” Her instinct might be to dampen any expectations of a medal, but her competitive fire and logical approach to her sport prevent her from ruling it out. “I love cross-country. Courses are different. People are suited to different courses and I like that. I love the fact that it’s not timed. If you win, you win and it doesn’t matter that you ran a slow race or a fast race. It’s all on the day. “Some people will say that you can’t get medals because the African athletes dominate – and they do – but there’s no reason to think that someone else winning a medal is impossible.” If she can show her best against the African athletes on their turf, the shy Britton of Ireland will have to get used to more public speaking. IAAF World Cross-Country Championships, Bydgoszcz, Poland, March 24: www.iaaf.org THE RED BULLETIN
ADDITIONAL PHOTOGRAPHY: GETTY IMAGES
Words: Declan Quigley
Born September 24, 1984, Newcastle, Co Wicklow, Ireland Honours European cross-country champion: 2011, 2012 Great Edinburgh Run champion: 2012, 2013 Sister dear Fionnualaâ€™s younger sister Una is also an international athlete. She shrugged off injury to run in the U-23 race at the European Championships last year. Great Fin-ish According to those who have eaten it, Britton makes a world-class tuna bake.
Ahead of the field: Fionnuala Brittonâ€™s imposing frontrunning style helps her leave other runners behind
i s t h e b e st de f e nc e
For the last three years, Infiniti Red Bull Racing and Sebastian Vettel have proved unbeatable in the Formula one World Championship. But can they stay ahead of the pack and not lose the edge? On the trail of F1â€™s elite unit words: Werner Jessner photography: Thomas Butler
hat is more difficult than defending a world title? Christian Horner, team principal of Infiniti Red Bull Racing, knows the answer: “To score six world titles in three years and then defend them.” The rest of Formula One is hot on the heels of his team. “As a world champion you’re the benchmark,” says Horner. “Everybody is trying to beat you. We have to live with this, and we’re proud of it. We are still a young team. You mustn’t forget that we’re heading into just our ninth season this year.” For the 2013 F1 season, a number of longerestablished teams are keen to make the most of one last chance to beat Red Bull Racing under the existing race conditions before the introduction of new regulations in 2014, chief among them the use of a 1.6-litre turbo-charged V6 engine instead of the current, 2.4-litre V8 normally aspirated engines. (Those teams are fully aware that Adrian Newey, the chief technical officer of Red Bull Racing, is strongest when handed a blank sheet of paper.) For that reason alone, gripping racing is guaranteed in 2013. Still, Horner is not expecting the season to start as it did in 2012, with seven different winning drivers in the first seven races. “I expect we’ll see the usual suspects at the top: us, Alonso in the Ferrari, Jenson Button in the McLaren. Lotus will again have a strong car; Mercedes has repositioned itself with Lewis Hamilton. His teammate, Nico Rosberg, should also be one to watch.” Last year’s car, known as the RB8, after all the time and energy invested in its development, was still performing to a high level at season’s end. “On some tracks we were the fastest, yes,” says Horner. “On others, McLaren, especially, had gained ground very quickly. At the end of the day, it was enough. Of our three world championship-winning years, 2012 was definitely the most difficult. “In 2010 we had the best car in the field; in 2011 our organisation was very strong. When we had to catch up last year, we proved what we are capable of as a team. We have grown stronger from year to year. And to get [the 2013
car] RB9 ready by early February, after having developed the RB8 up until late November, was a Herculean achievement.” With the trophy in hand, it’s easy to forget just how closely fought was Sebastian Vettel’s title. “If he had not overtaken Jenson Button in Abu Dhabi, we would not have become world champions. Or the problems with the alternator: one more would have been one too many.” Miracles and big leaps are impossible in the highly controlled and competitive environment of Formula One. Every little improvement counts: no matter where, no matter how small. Horner encourages everyone on staff – the team is based on the outskirts of Milton Keynes, about 80km north-west of central London – to think like this. “Adrian Newey and I set the direction – very precisely and with high expectations – but our doors are always open. We have a flat hierarchy at Red Bull Racing, any suggestion will be heard. We are the team in the paddock with the highest prevalence in jeans and the lowest in ties. We get loads of job enquiries from members of other teams. The Red Bull Racing shirt holds a real fascination.” If Red Bull Racing was a football team, which one would it be? Non-football fan Horner has to think for a moment. “I would like to think, probably Manchester United, even though we are
much younger. Like us, they never give up, they are always aiming for the top and second best will not do.” The forthcoming season will probably be the toughest in the career of F1’s youngest team principal. He is 39 years old and was 31 when he was appointed at Red Bull Racing in 2005, when both he and the team made their F1 debuts. On one hand, world titles must be defended, again, but on the other, a course must also be set for the future. Horner says that “less than 10” people are already working on the RB10 car for 2014, with that number changing up or down depending on the 2013 championship standings. Pre-season tests of the RB9 car suggest it has what it takes to be a strong contender
“Of our three championship winning years, 2012 was
the most difficult”
the red bulletin
Behind the screens: secrecy surrounded the development of the RB9 car (below right), overseen by team boss Christian Horner (below left)
â€œwhen we had to catch up last year, we proved what we are capable of as a team.
we have grown strongerâ€?
2013 in the 2013 world championship. Crucially, it appears to have the virtues of speed and reliability. It will probably be another long season, and the experience that has been gained developing current and future cars in tandem will be extremely valuable. However, confidence levels in the team have grown: no other young team is as successful as Red Bull Racing, and the hunger for victory has not diminished during the triumphant years. If Christian Horner and Adrian Newey were in the cars instead of Sebastian Vettel and Mark Webber, who would win? “Adrian is totally crazy and completely fearless,” says Horner. “I bet he would be faster than me. But whether he would make it to the finish? I am glad he is not in the car.” Looking to a more certain future from outside the vehicle, Newey sees Red Bull Racing’s cars mainly changing because of one thing. “The big difference between the 2013 and 2014 cars will be the engines,” he says, and this will impact on the overall design. “Turbo engines need more cooling than the V8 that we’re using at the moment. We will need an intercooler and larger air inlets for the radiators.” For the last year, his team has worked with Renault Sport on a new generation of engines, with special attention given to power, driveability (more critical with turbo engines than normally aspirated V8 engines) and fuel consumption. In an effort to make Formula One more environmentally friendly, from 2014 on, a maximum 100kg of fuel (about 140 litres) may be burned per car per race, but more recovered energy may be generated (the current KERS method of collecting energy from braking will be replaced by a more powerful system, ERS). For this, and much more, brains are already shifting into high gear at Milton Keynes.
“Adrian is totally crazy and completely fearless. I am glad
Chief technical officer of Infiniti Red Bull Racing, Adrian Newey
Additional Photography: Vladimir Rys
he is not in the car”
In the driving seat: Sebastian Vettel has dominated Formula One for three seasons
T H E M A N’S M AC H I N E
“The RB9 is the last car in which we can put the batteries for the KERS in the clutch bell. From next season they must be housed under the fuel tank – apparently for safety reasons.”
ENGINEERING GENIUS AND INFINITI RED BULL RACING CHIEF TECHNICAL OFFICER ADRIAN NEWEY ON HIS CAR FOR THE F1 2013 SEASON, THE RB9, AND HOW IT DIFFERS FROM ITS CHAMPIONSHIP-WINNING PREDECESSORS SIDE PODS NOSE
“Pirelli has changed the tyre construction for the new season. We were allowed to test just one set beforehand – unfortunately, at high track temperatures and on a green circuit with not a lot rubber on it. How you handle the tyres is the key to lap times.”
“The step in the nose is defined by the regulations. In 2013, we are allowed to cover it for the first time, but there is no longer a ‘letterbox’ on the front. To save weight, we use a relatively short vanity panel, which has no use, apart from an aesthetic point of view.”
“Visually, the greatest difference in the RB9 is the smaller side pods for the cooler for aerodynamic reasons. Problems with the engine cooling are still not to be expected.”
“Here, the rules have changed. The front wing must not be as flexible as before. Up to now, almost all the teams have exploited this, as have we. It’s no longer possible in 2013. These changes mean we have to solve structural problems.”
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“At the moment, it is quite similar to our end 2012 configuration. In general, the importance of exhaust gases for downforce has significantly lessened in the last two years, especially through regulation-related changes in engine mapping. Hence the cars are now much slower entering the corners.”
“The car is constantly evolving. A large part of resources goes into the classic areas of the front wing, diffuser and, to a lesser degree, exhaust ducting.”
“The difficulty in keeping the tyres within the operating window of optimal temperature is apparent when you look at the attempts to manage the waste heat from the brakes. A few degrees up or down is decisive, depending on the track.”
“THE FIRST FEW DAYS ON TRACK ARE ALWAYS EXCITING FOR US” ADRIAN NEWEY HOW NEW IS THE RB9 REALLY?
“Although the tyres are new, we will essentially retain the suspension geometry. At initial season tests, we continued using the front of the RB8, but we’ll bring the new one to [the first race in] Melbourne. The wheelbase is virtually unchanged.”
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ADDITIONAL PHOTOGRAPHY: RED BULL RACING
Since 2009, there was nothing but new restrictions in the regulations. Our scope to move has become smaller and smaller. We also had to keep developing last year’s car to the end of the season in order to have a chance of winning the title. This was at the cost of the advance development of the RB9: it inevitably
respect, this year’s RB9 is somewhat less unattractive than the RB8. But since 1998, when narrower cars were introduced, the proportions have become less consistent. Our job is to make the cars fast within the regulations. Ideally, the results also have aesthetic qualities. follows the philosophy of its predecessor. Instead of new concepts, there is now ongoing development of the car.
WAS THE RB8 THE UGLIEST CAR YOU’VE EVER DESIGNED?
Beauty, they say, lies in the eyes of the beholder. Of course, the step in the nose takes a little getting used to. In that
CAN YOU STILL BE AT ALL SURPRISED BY A NEW CAR?
Our simulations are very good. Nevertheless, the first few days on the track are always exciting for us. There are some things you just can’t simulate, like the characteristics of the tyres.
The Human Fac tor
A one-to-one with the reigning triple Formula One World Champion: who he sees in the mirror, sensing cars on the track and buying garden tools
How does the RB9 feel compared with its predecessor? It only took me a couple of laps while testing in Jerez to get used to the new car, and the regulations haven’t changed that much from last season, so the adjustment wasn’t so big. What is important is that the car is reliable and works well and the speed seems to be there too. We have a little more grip in the fast corners, this was striking right from the outset. I think it’s a step up from the RB8. What do you think of the new tyres? We had certain expectations, also partly based on the data we have been receiving from Pirelli. These expectations appear to be confirmed, but we won’t really know until Melbourne. I think that the quicker lap times at the tests can be attributed to the new car as well as the Pirelli tyres. Will lap records be smashed in 2013? It’ll be tough, at least in qualifying, because we are no longer allowed to have unlimited use of DRS, only in defined zones. What one thing do you miss the most during the Formula One downtime? Without doubt the driving. After a couple of laps at the first test I blew off the cobwebs and did what I love the most. The F1 season, from mid-March to late November, chases good weather around the globe. Do you notice the change of seasons? More, in fact, than those who always stay home, because nature changes so radically from one homecoming to the next. One minute, you’re jogging through slush and before you know it you come home to flowers everywhere. I really like winter. Cold, snow: it’s nice. Who shovels the snow from around your home?
I have been known to lend a hand. I do have help, but if I have to I’ll grab a shovel. My house in Switzerland is only 500m above sea level. I can handle the snowfall there myself without a snow blower. Do you make your own breakfast at home? I enjoy it very much if I have the time. I love a big, long breakfast, with muesli and fresh fruit. But I still have to go out for two training sessions and I don’t necessarily like getting up too early. Do you do your own shopping? Not always, but sometimes. To be honest, my girlfriend does the shopping more often than I do. How much cash do you normally carry on you? Something between zero and €400, depending on when I last went to the ATM. I like to have a little cash in my pocket, despite the credit card. At vending machines in Japan, or at car parks, it pays to have a little ready money. I once flew to Australia with just €10 on me. Of course, I still had the €10 on me when I came home. What was your last purchase over €100? A wet-and-dry vacuum for the garden. Are you patient with fans because you’ve always been like that, or have you had to work at it? It’s great to have fans. Some of them queue up for hours, in any weather. I can’t always make them all happy, but I try the best I can. You see some fans again and again over the years and you forge a certain closeness. How do you escape from life under the microscope? I never escape. It is more that you always enjoy coming home. As for the Swiss, they are basically very conservative. I can tell that I am recognised, but they rarely approach me
“f ear of failure is good. it makes you
Additional Photography: Vladimir Rys
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Back up to speed: Sebastian Vettel at 2013 testing in Jerez, Spain
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to talk to me. If I want to have a little time to myself I can go for a walk and that’s never a problem. Without F1, you would probably have carried on with your education. Where would you be today? Some of my friends are at a turning point right now, between their studies and a career. One friend has just started his first full-time job, another is doing his doctorate, and the other is still studying. But would I know what I would have done for the rest of my life? Probably not. Depending on how hard you try and how mobile you are, there are so many more possibilities these days than I could have imagined during my school years. It is said that F1 ages you quickly. How old do you feel? You definitely mature faster in motorsport than in ‘normal’ life. You are confronted with the consequences of your decisions faster and more radically. You travel and get around, so you inevitably expand your horizons. And you have to deal with a lot of older people, whereas when you’re a student, your experiences tend to be with people of your own age. You are trained to make decisions. If you like, adult life begins earlier as a race driver. At 15 or 16, you set the course that others only have to think about 10 years down the track. In hindsight, was the first world title the most difficult? [Long pause.] The first title stands out in the sense that you have proved to yourself you could do it and the faith in yourself was justified. That’s something no one can take away from you, but that doesn’t mean life is over after the first title. On the contrary: you broaden your expectations and goals automatically and take it to the next level. When you reflect on the great moments in your career, what do you see? The strongest memory is of standing on the podium and experiencing the familiar images from my own perspective: the 80
“You mature faster in motorsport than in
first victory at Monza, looking down from the podium at the crowds below. Personally experiencing what I’ve seen on TV for years. To be actually in the middle what I’ve seen for so long. Photographers would say: shot, reverse shot. Does that experience diminish as you win more races? No, because my victory with the Toro Rosso team in Monza will always be memorable. That was really special. What do you mean when you say, in a post-race interview, that you had to change your driving style during the race? If you were to record all the changes that are made during a race, it would fill many pages. You have to simplify it considerably. If I notice, for example, that the tyres are deteriorating from one lap to the next, it means that I can no longer brake at the same point, otherwise I’ll fly off the track. I could slow down, of course, but I don’t want to do that. So I have to solve the situation with parameters that I can actively influence, like the throttle, steering, brakes, the technical adjustment possibilities on the car. That’s the game we play, lap by lap, corner by corner. For example, if the front tyres deteriorate, I can’t carry as much speed into a corner. So I have to try to approach the corner more aggressively, brake harder, turn in later and hit the throttle earlier in order to keep the actual cornering when I need the grip on the front axle as short as possible. So I trade the gain at the apex for a small gain entering and exiting the corner. These are all tiny nuances. Do you notice when you’re one or two 10ths of a second faster per lap? Apart from the fact that we see it on the display in the
car anyway, yes of course. A 10th of the second is a long time. Do you feel the different speeds? Not really. The wind is quieter than you think. The revs of the engine tell you the difference, but the engine actually sounds the same in every gear. Can you feel the ‘dirty air’, as it’s known, when closely tailing another car? It means the car no longer does what I expect of it. You can’t see this dirty air. It’s not like the air turns green behind the guy in front. You have to sense this to some degree. What role do your senses pay alongside the work of the engineers? There is a point where they have to trust the driver, even if the data says something else. There is this feelgood factor, and without it you can’t perform at your best. Does the authority of three world championship titles help when you communicate with the team? I think so. What helps the most though is the amount of time we spend together. Who would you take for a ride in an F1 car, if it was allowed? Right off the bat I can think of lots of people I’d like to show what I do. Above all, I’m thinking the red bulletin
Additional Photography: Red Bull Content Pool
This year’s model: Vettel puts the RB9 through its paces
of people I’m close to. But would I really want to do that to them? The bashes, the G-forces, the balancing on the edge of a big shunt, the unglamorous side of actually working in the cockpit. Maybe it’s better that I don’t answer this question. The people I might choose would probably worry about me. Before this year, you’d raced in 101 Grands Prix, with no serious accidents and very few minor ones. Were there moments when you pulled back? You should always have respect. That has never changed. How do you calculate risk in everyday life? Risk increases depending on what you do. Fear is good, but too much is not. Once, for instance, when I jumped out of a plane, I wasn’t afraid to jump in the sense of becoming a paraplegic. Fear came during free-fall. During the first few metres, I had forgotten that someone else is with me and we are attached to a parachute and it’s all OK. Where is your fear threshold?
You only know this when the situation happens. In the car, you weigh up the risks based on experiences. If you decide to take the risk, you’re more worried about whether the manoeuvre will go wrong, or that you will fail. But this fear is good; it makes you more alert. Where do you look for challenges? At the moment, racing gives me more satisfaction than anything else. I’m lucky to have found my calling. I would have a problem with the idea that the kick I get from it might fade one day. Why did you have the letter S on your helmet when you raced karts as a boy? As a child I was a Senna fan. The opportunity to wear the Red Bull logo made me proud and it replaced the Senna ‘S’ on the back of my head. Prior to the blue and silver I never had my own design. You have the same number of world championship titles as Senna. How does that feel? You shouldn’t even think about it. When you look in the mirror, you see only yourself, and not the race driver. Thinking back, did you idolise race drivers as a child? Of course. Now I have an insider’s perspective, that doesn’t change my respect for those race drivers. Everyone has a bad race at one time or another, it’s normal. How has your perception of Michael Schumacher changed since you competed against him? Alongside Senna, Michael was also my hero, of course. Now Michael himself is in the foreground, rather than him as a race driver. On a sporting level it was of course absolutely fantastic to race against him. Is it possible to make friends in Formula One? You spend a lot of time with people on the race weekends, so the chemistry has to be right. This doesn’t mean, for example, that I have to drink a beer with my engineer every Sunday, but I have to be able to trust him on a technical and human level. This applies to everyone in the team. When I come to the pitstop, I want to know that every single person lives for his job. Of course, things aren’t always rosy during the season, but I believe it’s better to tackle problems as soon as they crop up and then move on. Bad feelings will affect the performance sooner or later. What boundaries do you draw for people around you? If I don’t want someone to smoke when I’m there, I just don’t go there. If I don’t want the people I’m walking down the street with to throw empty cans on the street, then I don’t walk down the street with them. I can only make rules for myself. I don’t want to change anyone else. What headline would you like to read about yourself? I don’t generally read much, and so in that respect have no real expectations. As far as what is written or said, there is a guiding principle: one is never as good as they say or write, and one is never as bad as they say or write.
“w hen i come to the pitstop, I want to know that every single person lives
for his job”
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Watch exclusive footage of the launch and testing of the RB9 in The Red Bulletin tablet edition. Download it now for free
f1 2013 world championship calendar MARCH 15-17 Australian GP Melbourne 22-24 Malaysian GP Kuala Lumpur April 12-14 Chinese GP Shanghai 19-21 Bahrain GP Sakhir May 10-12 Spanish GP Barcelona 23-26 Monaco GP Monte Carlo June 7-9 Canadian GP Montréal 28-30 British GP Silverstone July 5-7 German GP Nürburgring 19-21 TBA 26-28 Hungarian GP Budapest August 23-25 Belgian GP Spa-Francorchamps September 6-8 Italian GP Monza 20-22 Singapore GP Singapore October 4-6 Korean GP Yeongam 11-13 Japanese GP Suzuka 25-27 Indian GP New Delhi November 1-3 Abu Dhabi, GP Yas Marina 15-17 United States GP Austin 22-24 Brazilian GP São Paulo
Contents 84 TRAVEL Remarkable sporting venues 86 WORK OUT It’s all about the bike for enduro champ David Knight 88 THE SOUNDS OF 2013 Electro pop duo Young Wonder
photography: palani mohan
90 NIGHTLIFE Everything you need to get you through ’til dawn 94 WORLD IN ACTION What’s coming up in sport and culture 96 SAVE THE DATE Events for the diary Living colour: how the coming of spring is celebrated in India. The full spectrum on page 95
98 MIND’S EYE Columnist Stephen Bayley
m o r e b o dy & m i n d
unusual places to play From football in the jungle to surfing in the hills, our universal love of sport has led to some astonishing venues
1 Way off piste: skiing in Africa
Africa: home to sun, sand – and snow. Ski lovers have been seeking out the continent’s leading resort, in the small kingdom of Lesotho, since it opened in 2002. The lowest point in the country, known as the Kingdom in the Sky, is 1,400m above sea level; no other country has a highest low point above 1,000m. The small Afriski resort (it sleeps 252 people) is 3,000m above sea level in the valley of the Malibamatso river, and temperatures can dip to -11°C during winter (June-September). While its slopes may not be steep enough to excite pro skiers, the rest of us can enjoy good skiing with truly unique views. It is the most unusual among the four countries on the African continent where you can ski on genuine snow. Plus, it’s a seven-hour drive to the nearest resort, in South Africa. www.afriski.net
2 Jungle balls: football’s last frontier
The Arena Amazonia stadium, being built for next year’s World Cup, represents the unlikely union of two of Brazil’s bestknown assets: football and rainforest. Building a 44,000-capacity arena in the middle of the Amazon has its own set of complications. The stadium is in the city
Away days Spectacular travel adventures
of Manaus, an island of civilisation in a sea of untouched jungle. All construction materials have to be delivered by boat. Then there’s the ‘tropicalising’ – adapting the German architectural plans to fit the realities of building in a humid atmosphere that regularly exceeds 40°C. If all goes to plan (at the time of writing, the €200 million project was way behind schedule), the arena will be a perfect union of sport and setting. The
3 Depth charge: best BASE-jump in Earth
sustainable stadium will collect rainwater to keep the pitch green, solar panels will make energy to power the floodlights, while plants inside the stadium will help regulate the atmosphere. www.fifa.com/worldcup
3 Jump down: crossing the BASE line
The term BASE-jumping comes from the elevated points leapt from: buildings, antennas, spans (bridges) and earth (cliffs). Definitely no ‘c’ for ‘caves’. But, ever a fan of firsts, Felix Baumgartner headed underground when he leapt into 190m of darkness at the narrow Marmet Cave in Croatia. Before his Red Bull Stratos exploits, Baumgartner rated this feat his toughest ever. But that didn’t stop him following up the Croatian cave with another subterranean free-fall: into the depths of the Majlis al-Jinn, near Muscat, Oman, the world’s second largest cave chamber. “It’s dangerous,” he said afterwards. “It’s low, it’s dark, it’s narrow, it’s hard to see the landing area, it’s tough to judge because you’ve got almost no reference points, it’s a very difficult jump.” That’s the guy who jumped to Earth from space saying that something is difficult.
the red bulletin
words: ruth morgan. Photography: big & Glessner, bernhard spöttel/red bull content pool, global photo/fotogloria, ddpimages, wavegarden, carters news agency
Breaking the ground rules
5 Snow joke: in Denmark a ski slope is being built around a wastetreatment plant
proved the perfect training ground for ball control: any miskick meant a dunk in the Andaman Sea. After their skills attracted attention at a local tournament, investment led to a larger, smoother floating pitch and further improvement. Koh Panyee FC have now been crowned the best team in southern Thailand seven times. www.vimeo.com/41544315
5 Urban thrall: city skyline skiing
Action sports and industrial incinerators aren’t often mentioned in the same sentence, but young Danish architect Bjarke Ingels is changing that. His design for an environmentally friendly waste treatment plant in central Copenhagen includes a 31,000m2 snow-covered ski area on the roof. In 2016, snowboarding and skiing will take place 100m above the heart of the city. The Amagerforbrænding
4 A floating role: soccer at sea
An available patch of land is the usual starting place when building a sports pitch, but that wasn’t an option for the football fans of Koh Panyee, a fishing village on stilts off the southern coast of Thailand. Back in 1986, so the story goes, watching the World Cup on TV, waiting for the tiny window of opportunity when the full moon and low tide revealed a small area of beach to play on, frustrated villagers decided to build a floating pitch from old fishing crates. The result was uneven, slippery and nail-ridden, but
6 Top: The ski slopes of Lesotho, Southern Africa Above: Surfing among the hills of Spain
2 Pitch perfect? The Arena Amazonia in Manaus
plant, which turns waste into electricity, will therefore become the first incinerator on any list of ski destinations. There will be no attempt to hide the industrial truth: visitors will get a glimpse into the inner workings of the plant as they take the lift up the side of its central smokestack. www.big.dk
6 Just not shore: sea-free surf
Outside the town of Zarautz, a couple of miles inland in the hills of the Basque Country, a tree-lined, man-made pond has become an unlikely surf hotspot. The Wavegarden has two artificial breaks, a left and a right, that mimic the real thing, free from nature’s unpredictability. It’s the brainchild of a group of Spanish engineers who decided to combine their brainpower with their passion for surfing. After seven years, they claim to have created a system that’s more effective, ecological and economical than existing artificial wave methods. The exact mechanics are under wraps before the Spanish Wavegarden opens to the public later this year. More are planned, including one already under construction in Bristol, England. The real test came when some of world’s best surfers had a preview: Mick Fanning, Jordy Smith and Kolohe Andino all gave a firm thumbs up. www.wavegarden.com
Where in the world? From the ski slopes of Africa to football on the ocean, out-of-the-ordinary sporting locations are spread far and wide
5 6 3 4 2 1
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The kind of pitch where taking a dive is permitted
M O R E B O DY & M I N D
On trail: David Knight has been training for the FIM Enduro World Championship, which begins in Chile on March 16
LONE RIDER During the racing season Knight disappears into the great outdoors on two wheels or none, for workouts that set him up for a full-on race weekend
Outside the box
TRAINING WITH THE PROS
DAVID KNIGHT The enduro rider has always done things his way. With 10 national and three world titles under his belt, it’s clearly paying off
The last place you’ll find David Knight is in the gym. He hates it with a passion. “When I’m injured and can’t ride my bike I’ll go, but it’s awful,” says Knight, 34. I’m bored in five minutes and just want to be outside.” Instead he takes to the hills and beaches of the Isle of Man. “Enduro racing is very physical,” he says. “So I need to be out doing something every day. I’ve never found any exercise as effective as simply riding my bike. I head to the woods or down onto the sand dunes, which is the hardest type of riding. Then I’ll head off into the hills for fell running or a walk with my dogs. Recently I’ve been in the forest cutting down trees to make new trails, which is a great workout. I don’t want exercise to become a chore that’s separate from the rest of my life.”
“My diet is unconventional: I essentially live on steak and chips! I’m a complete chocoholic too. The British team for the ISDE, the equivalent of the Olympics for enduro, hold me up as an example not to follow, but I’m a big believer there’s no absolute right or wrong. If it works, it works, and if for me that’s shoving a bacon sandwich down me before a race, that’s what I’ll do. For some people the special diets are great, but I tried eating healthy for a year and just felt rubbish. Since then I’ve followed my instincts and done what helps me get the best results.”
MONDAY Rest/travel day after race weekend. 7.30am: Breakfast. “Every day I get up and have four Weetabix and two slices of brown toast.” 2-4pm: Long walk of about 10 miles with the dogs. TUESDAY 10am-2.30pm: Beach riding on sand dune circuit. 4pm: Appointment with a sports physio, including massage.
Afternoon: Travel for race weekend. Evening: Racing the Super Special Stage time trial. SATURDAY 9am-4pm: Racing with fiveminute breaks every one-two hours. “I snack all day on fruit, cereal bars and chocolate.” SUNDAY 9am-4pm: Racing.
WEDNESDAY 10am-12pm: Endurocross training on my specially made beach-side track. “It’s great practice for indoor racing.” 1-3pm: Long forest ride on the motorbike. THURSDAY 9-11.30am: 10-mile hill run. 1-3pm: Beach riding on sand dune circuit. 4pm: Chiropractor. “My back gets easily knotted up from all the riding.” FRIDAY 8-10am: Mountain bike ride on hill trails.
Check out David Knight in enduro action on the The Red Bulletin tablet edition. Download it for free now THE RED BULLETIN
WORDS: RUTH MORGAN. PHOTOGRAPHY: JONTY EDMUNDS/RED BULL CONTENT POOL
CONTIGO DEVON BIKE BOTTLE
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UNDER ARMOUR EVO COLDGEAR
The Men’s Under Armour Evo ColdGear Compression Mock isn’t your old-school mock turtleneck. The dual-layer construction keeps you ready for whatever weather comes your way. A soft, brushed inner layer circulates heat, while the element-battling outer layer keeps you dry and protected. But the real game-changer is the fit. The supertight, second-skin fit of UA Compression activates your muscles for increased power and decreased recovery time. You’ll know it when you feel it. Bottom line: it’s tight but nice. RRP: €50. 3
GT-2000 RUNNING SHOE
The GT-2000 is the latest model in the award-winning Asics GEL-2000 series and delivers impressive comfort and fit for overpronators. It works by encouraging a more efficient gait, guiding your foot from heel strike to toe-off. Plus the new Dynamic DuoMax Support System, a dual density midsole with a softer top layer, offers more sensory feedback and added comfort. With its excellent cushioning and fit, the GT-2000 is perfect for longer runs. RRP: €130. SKINS A400 COMPRESSION HALF TIGHTS
Skins A400 Men’s Compression Half Tights are designed to enhance your performance, whatever your sport. Dynamic gradient compression accelerates your blood flow to deliver more oxygen to your active muscles – so you can work harder to be man of the match, or to shave seconds off your marathon time. With 400 fit and dynamic gradient compression, you will notice improved core body control and power, as well as less muscle soreness post-exercise. Fast wicking technology transports moisture away from the skin and helps to regulate body temperature while UPF 50+ provides all-round protection. RRP: €65. 5
ASICS LONG SLEEVE QUARTER ZIP TOP
Protect yourself against the elements with this trail performance Fuji Long Sleeve quarter Zip top from Asics. Made of three-way stretch, wind and water repellent fabric, this top is specially designed to provide ventilation with Cocona Mesh panels under the arms and at the back, and to eliminate chafing and keep you comfortable its flatlock stitching and bonded seam in the back mesh panel which prevents irritation when you are carrying a backpack. The sleeves also feature comfortable thumbholes. RRP: €80. All clothing and footwear available from 53 Degrees North: Blanchardstown, Carrickmines, Cork and online at
Horn section: Young Wonder’s Rachel Pixie (left) and Ian Ring
Still wet behind the ears, the electro-pop duo from Cork are nevertheless primed and ready to take on the world YOUNG WONDER
Out this month: the band’s second EP, Show Your Teeth
Some bands toil for years before recognition arrives. Others, like Young Wonder, hit the ground running and never look back. Less than 18 months after they formed, the subtle, textured electronica of Ian Ring and Rachel Pixie has brought Young Wonder a steadily expanding fanbase. Ring focuses on song production, fusing multi-styled beats and melodies, while Pixie has an ethereal, Bjork-esque voice. Together, their music is seductive and lives long in the mind. Last November, the Easterntinged atmospherics of the single To You lifted Young Wonder out of the deep pool of indie upstarts and made them overnight internet sensations. Things would never be the same again. “I’ve just finished my studies in general nursing. It was looking
THE SOUNDS OF 2013 #3
like nine-to-five for me,” says Pixie, 21, whose real surname is Koeman, “but now, nursing’s on hold and I’m going to follow music, my true passion. Growing up it was a hobby, but Young Wonder has given me a chance to earn a living doing it. It’s unbelievable. Also, being in a band means I can wear the clothes I like – lots of colour – and not feel like an eejit. It’s a licence to go a little crazy. And wear a headpiece.” Ring, a 22-year-old native of the Cork suburb of Ballintemple, demonstrates the production capabilities of a mixing-desk jockey twice his age. “I started out DJing,” says Ring, in his cordial and modest manner. “One of Ireland’s top soul and hip-hop DJs, Stevie G, showed me the ropes, and from there I got interested in making music.
I’ve always listened to lots of stuff, I’m a huge hip-hop fan, but it was our manager, Brendan Canty, who introduced me to a lot of amazing electronica, especially Irish acts like Monto and Mmoths.” There are less obscure influences in his make-up. “When I was a baby, I couldn’t get to sleep unless my mother put on some Michael Jackson tapes,” says Ring. “He’s still one of my all-time heroes. There was always music in the house growing up. My dad loves reggae and my brother plays guitar and drums. I can’t remember a time when music wasn’t there.” Young Wonder’s self-titled debut EP arrived less than six months after Ring and Pixie began collaborating. “Ian’s got an amazing work ethic,” says Pixie. “He will spend
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m o r e b o dy & m i n d
Words: Eamonn Seoige. photography: Rebecca Naen, Bríd O‘Donovan
“When we met, I was blown away by her voice. I use it like an instrument” 14 hours working on a track and when it’s done, I take it away and write lyrics and add melodies. I tend to have the first lyrics down in a couple of hours. Then we meet up in Ian’s studio, discuss the track, plan and record. We have a very positive dynamic.” “When I was introduced to Rachel, I was immediately blown away by her voice,” says Ring. “I was also able to sample it and use it as another form of instrumentation. It’s got a very unique texture.” There is an undeniable chemistry between the two, in conversation and in their music, but in another time and place, Ring and Pixie’s ships may have passed in the night. “I really like the DIY element that’s so common with bands today,” says Pixie. “If you’ve got a good ear and are naturally musical, it’s possible to express yourself using Ableton, Logic or whatever software and create a piece of music. Then it’s so easy to showcase that music to an audience on the web. It’s no longer a process that needs to involve lots of people.” Ring is equally enthusiastic about the possibilities open to budding producers and musicians. “Far less kids are DJing these days,” he says. “They’re more into experimenting with software and then putting tracks up on SoundCloud or Facebook. It’s cutting out all the middle men. Skrillex is a perfect example – he made all his music in his bedroom. The internet has been hugely important for us. It’s surreal to get such a level of exposure online, but without it we probably wouldn’t have been on Radio 1.” For now, Cork remains home, but further success could uproot the duo from their native patch.
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Going places: Cork duo Young Wonder are set to tour Ireland and the UK
Although Young Wonder is Ring’s main focus, he also contributes to children’s music workshops, produces other acts and occasionally DJs. His bandmate, however, has fewer home ties to cut. “If things developed further, I wouldn’t mind moving to London,” says Pixie. “At the moment, I’m totally obsessed with Alt-J and supporting them recently at Shepherd’s Bush was a huge thrill. They are such an original band, always trying to explore new ideas and use diverse cultural influences. As a woman, I’m always interested in groundbreaking female artists. Right now, I’m absolutely loving the work of Grimes.” Ring’s first love was hip-hop, but he’s open-minded regarding music, keen to absorb and experiment further. “Our stuff’s broadly electronic pop, but there are elements of soul, jazz, hip-hop there from time to time,” he says. “I’m really into producers like Mark Ronson and J Dilla. The more you listen to different music the more you learn and develop your own style. Going full-time definitely focuses the mind a little; things get a little more serious. The forthcoming EP is a lot more mature. I think we’ve really found our sound.”
Need to know The line-up Ian Ring – composition, production Rachel Pixie – lyrics, vocals Discography Young Wonder (EP, 2012) Show Your Teeth (EP, 2013)
The story so far Irish duo Young Wonder hail from the city of Cork and consist of vocalist Rachel Pixie and production maestro Ian Ring. They formed in October 2011 after they were introduced by Brendan Canty of the Feel Good Lost production house and record label. Canty was then working on a video project with Ring, and suggested a collaboration with distinctive vocalist Pixie could produce interesting results. The band’s name was also Canty’s idea: it doesn’t carry any deeper meaning other than an appropriately optimistic description of each band member. Within days of their first meeting, Pixie and Ring were working together on a series of tracks. These eventually populated their debut EP, Young Wonder, released in April 2012. Its innovative and
idiosyncratic songcraft were praised by, among others, Clash magazine and The Guardian. A more significant breakthrough came five months later with the release online of second single, To You. Within weeks the duo were number one on the new music aggregator website Hype Machine. Soon after, in December 2012, BBC Radio 1’s Phil Taggart chose To You as his single of the week, giving it extensive airplay and interviewing the band on air. Young Wonder started 2013 by opening for Mercury Prize winners Alt-J at the Shepherd’s Bush Empire in London and Toro Y Moi in Dublin. Their second EP, Show Your Teeth, will be released in March with live dates in Ireland, the UK and most probably Europe to follow later in spring and summer. www.youngwonder.me
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Nightlife Whatever gets you through ’til dawn
Sis is how we do it: Este, Danielle and Alana Haim
Qatar MotoGP NIGHT LIGHTS: Since 2008, the Qatar motorcycle Grand Prix has taken place after dark on the Losail International Circuit – the only night race in MotoGP. The 2013 season kicks off there, just outside Doha, with all lights blazing on April 7. TIME SPAN: The Losail track, 5,380m long, was carved out of the desert by 1,000 workers in about a year. Last year’s race winner, the Spaniard Jorge Lorenzo, posted a fastest lap of 1m 55.541s (on his way to the 2012 world title). UNFAIR REFLECTION: Racing in the dark produces amazing TV footage and, more importantly, great racing, but in the wet, riders have complained of too much glare from the damp circuit surface.
Sister act Haim California siblings launching an all-out attack on planet pop – from their parents’ lounge The girls of Haim are draped across couches backstage before performing at a Los Angeles gig, jetlagged and idly searching for chewing gum and tea. A few days earlier, they played London's O2 Arena, opening for Florence And The Machine. Since February last year, when the trio – drummer and keyboardist Alana Haim, 21; drummer and guitarist Danielle, 23; bassist Este, 25 – released the much-discussed single Forever, their career trajectory has been impressive. It was only a few years ago that the winners of the BBC’s Sound of 2013 poll were jamming with their parents in Rockinhaim, the family covers band, at local fairs in the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angeles.
The Red Bulletin: You come from a cauldron of musical genius. Alana: Rockinhaim really helped us learn our instruments. Este: You’d have to learn songs by ear. We were playing oldie stations songs: Every Santana song, Tina Turner, Billy Joel, Van Morrison... All the cool guys. Why have you stayed in a band together? A: It’s cheesy what I’m about to say, but it really brought us together as a family. I feel like if we didn’t have Rockinhaim, it would’ve been the age-old tale of sisters fighting. Is there a songwriter-in-chief? E: One of us will come up with a melody, or a song idea, and we’ll meditate on it, and work it out. We’ll sit in our parents’ living room in the Valley and jam on drums or guitar, and we’ll jam on it in rehearsal.
Haim’s new single, Falling, is out now. A debut album follows in May: www.haimtheband.com
THEY SAID IT
“ Live for today, plan for tomorrow, party tonight ” Drake, rapper
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WORDS: ANDREAS TZORTZIS. PHOTOGRAPHY: POLYDOR, PICTUREDESK.COM, ELECTRIC PICKLE (4), FOTOSTUDIO EISENHUT & MAYER
THE ELECTRIC PICKLE
This light but flavoursome drink has become a favourite at the Mayday Bar in Hangar-7 in Salzburg, Austria. It's an unusual long drink in two respects. Firstly, scotch, with its intense, distinctive flavour, is rarely used in cocktails. Secondly, because the fresh, fruity aromas of pineapple and passion fruit, in tandem with the amber nectar (any scotch can be used, but perhaps save your best single malt) are not what you think they’re going to be – they’re so much better. The drink’s name came from a patron who said it was “unforgettable, like the city of Salzburg”. INGREDIENTS 40ml scotch 60ml pineapple juice 60ml passion fruit juice 20ml apricot brandy 15ml banana syrup Ice cubes
METHOD Put all the ingredients into a shaker and shake until the cocktail is frothy. Pour into a long glass and garnish with a fruit skewer.
THE ELECTRIC PICKLE 2826 North Miami Avenue Miami, FL 33127, USA www.electricpicklemiami.com
A little house on the playlist Electric Pickle A jewel among the pleasure palaces of Miami. Big DJs come in secret to play for love Miami is a great party city, because… Of the tropical heat. You feel like you’re on permanent vacation. There’s a lack of seriousness, and everyone just wants to go out and party. The club’s name comes from… I’m a big foodie, and the night before a meeting about the club, I was looking up pickling online, and came across a school science experiment using the salt in a pickle to conducting electricity.
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My business partners laughed and thought it was a joke. But I was like, “No, I think it’s so ridiculous that it could work. Once you hear it, you won't forget it.” Plus, there’s innuendo. This place is special, because... Of the passion that goes into making it work. Every year people coming to Miami to open up new clubs. Their motive is to become rich and popular. We on the other hand, do things differently. The best DJs in the world know us and trust us. People like Seth Troxler drop in unannounced to play after their gigs in the bigger clubs. Around the disco ball, we have... A bunch of small, old-style Las Vegas sign lights. All of the interior we put together ourselves. The walls are old wooden pallets we found at the dock. Our club isn't about being shiny and glossy: with a 300 capacity, we want it to be warm and intimate. Interview with Tomas Cedia, owner. WINTER MUSIC CONFERENCE March 15-24, Miami. The programme for the hottest dance music festival is at: www.wintermusicconference.com
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TUPAC SHAKUR “He gave me the inspiration to talk about things that most people are scared of talking about, things like vulnerability and weaknesses. It’s great to have somebody before me to show me the ropes. I was at the video shoot of his song, California Love, when I was a kid. My pops took me, put me on his shoulders, gave me the chance to see Dr Dre and Tupac. I'll always remember it.”
M.A.A.D skills: Kendrick Lamar
‘Dre makes me go harder’ Kendrick Lamar Press and peers alike said he made the best album of 2012. Hip-hop hype is nothing new, but this future great, out of Compton, is the real deal. Shout-outs here for three inspirations There was no escaping Kendrick Lamar last year. His second album, Good Kid, M.A.A.D City, released in October, was a tuneful rap attack thick with wit and wordplay. By year’s end, two million Spotify streams and 250,000 US sales later, the album was topping best-of-2012 lists. The rapper Nas, who released his 11th album last year, also singled out the record, saying, “No disrespect to nobody else in rap music, but Kendrick Lamar. I’m really happy about his record. I needed that. His record reaches you. It gives you hope.” Lamar, 25, is from the Compton district of Los Angeles, from where, 25 years ago, N.W.A exploded with the seminal rap album Straight Outta Compton. With Good Kid, M.A.A.D City, Lamar is showing that little has changed in a quarter-century. His music is informed by childhood memories of the ghetto and traumatic family events, but he relays his hard-knock life with a powerful, eloquent lightness of touch. The album also pays tribute to founding fathers of rap central to his own success. Here, Lamar tells The Red Bulletin who made him what he is. www.kendricklamar.org
SNOOP DOGG “When I was a kid his music, was always played in our house – as well as Dre’s, because you can’t get Snoop without Dre. They really defined my style and sound, enabled me to speak on something that's real. I really dig his new reincarnation as Snoop Lion. He’s done it all, he's seen it all. Now he's about peace, love, happiness – and smoking weed. Meet him in person, you’ll see, he’s a real genuine dude.”
DR DRE “He is my mentor. He says, ‘Stay focused, don’t let this be the peak of your career. You’re fresh, you still got so much more to do.” It's like when he first got in the studio with Eminem. He was amazed how many great songs Eminem was making, but he still today feels Eminem hasn't made his best song yet. (And I think the same too). It's a great feeling to have. He inspires me to go harder.
Manila Banana Cue The sizzle of saba fruit on street food stands is a constant in the Filipino capital
Cue the introduction Every foodstuff that gets skewered in the Philippines – and that is a whole lot of foodstuffs – is referred to as barbecue. So, the bananas of the saba variety, when cooked and then served on a thin bamboo stick, are called banana cue, or banana Q. The peeled saba is fried in hot oil for a few minutes, then brown sugar is added. With regular stirring the sugar caramelises on the banana. A skewer is inserted on removal from the pan to make the eating easier.
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Words: Florian Obkircher, Klaus Kamolz. photography: ddp, getty images (3), Fotostudio Eisenhut & Mayer, corbis
tomatoes were hard to come by. This ketchup isn’t naturally red: it is dyed with food colouring.
STRANGE FRUIT The saba is one of several varieties of banana grown in the Philippines, but is the only one used to make banana cue. This is because the flesh of the fruit is firm when ripe, and won’t fall apart when dunked in the hot oil. A saba banana is 8-13cm long, and about 2.5cm in diameter. The saba banana plant’s leaves are used to make rope or matting, and are also used as a wrapping material in cooking. SABA KINGDOM There are variations of the banana cue. A turon is a saba sliced lengthways, wrapped in thin pastry, then fried and sugared in the same way. A maruya is a banana baked
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in a batter made from flour, milk and baking powder, then rolled in sugar. A ginanggang, it could be argued, is the caloriecounter’s favourite: a saba brushed with margarine, then grilled over charcoal (preferably made from coconut tree wood). KETCH IT IF YOU CAN (YOU CAN) Just as you might find tomato ketchup on the table in many countries, in the Philippines you’ll find banana ketchup, puso ng saba, widely known as jufran, after one of the main producers of the stuff. The bananas are crushed and mixed with sugar, vinegar and spices. It was invented by a Filipina food technologist during World War II, when
MADAME SABA ON CAMPUS One of the most famous banana cue stands is found outside Manila in Cebu City. Its owner, Manang Liza, is a living legend on the university campus there. Every day, she opens her stand
under the combined shelter of a huge tree and a parasol, and a queue of students, teachers and locals alike line up eagerly waiting for the first batch to be ready. Campus residents have bestowed upon this woman one of the greatest of all honours: they wear T-shirts with her likeness and pictures of her banana cues on them.
Sweet treats: every fruit that gets skewered in the Philippines is called barbecue
M O R E B O DY & M I N D
World In Action
March & April 2013
Sport 11.03.2013, RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL
Laureus World Sports Awards Who were sport’s leading performers in 2012? That question will be answered, at this annual gala, by a secret ballot by members of the Laureus World Sports Academy. The shortlist for each award was decided by sport editors, writers and broadcasters. Favourite to win in the Action category is stratospheric BASEjumper Felix Baumgartner. F1 champ Sebastian Vettel is on the Sportsman shortlist, and his team, Red Bull Racing, are up for the Team gong. Alpine skier Lindsey Vonn could pick up her second Sportswoman award.
20-22.03.2013, TIGNES, FRANCE
Winter X Games Tignes This high-profile winter sports contest is usually an America-only affair, with the action alternating between the slopes of Colorado, California and Vermont each year. This time, however, for only the second time, an additional Winter X Games will be staged outside the US, with the French ski resort of Tignes playing host. European participants will be hoping home advantage plays a much bigger part in proceedings than in Tignes in 2010, when all six gold medals in the snowboarding events went to Canadian and American athletes. Over 100,000 spectators are expected.
22–24.03.2013, PLANICA, SLOVENIA
Learn to fly
A good year: Lindsey Vonn won a Laureus in 2011
FIS Ski Jumping World Cup More than 100,000 spectators turn the World Cup ski jumping finale in Planica into a real Slovenian carnival, complete with the unmistakable sound of Balkan accordions. This village has hosted some special moments in the history of the sport: on March 15, 1936, Austria’s Josef ‘Bubi’ Bradl became the first to achieve a distance of over 100m and on March 17, 1994, Finn Toni Nieminen was the first to get past 200m. Although Gregor Schlierenzauer and local hero Robert Kranjec will both take part in team events in late March, the real focus is on their solo performance at the World Cup.
31.03.2013, LONDON, UK
Boat Race Since 1824, the universities 2 The of Cambridge and Oxford have been competing on the Thames in what is the world’s most famous rowing regatta. The overall score currently stands at 81-76 to Cambridge. Last year, spectators on the 6.8km route – from Putney upstream to Mortlake – witnessed a turbulent race, with a protest swimmer bringing proceedings to a temporary halt near the halfway point. Shortly after the restart an Oxford rower broke an oar and later, one of his teammates collapsed at the finish line. Cambridge won the race with a lead of four-and-a-half lengths.
Marathon des Sables A 230km race across the Moroccan desert is so arduous that each participant is required to carry a survival kit consisting of a sleeping bag, 2,000 calories of food per day and a snakebite treatment kit. Adding to runners’ worries are the extreme temperature fluctuations: by day the African heat keeps temperatures around 40ºC, then at night the mercury drops to 5ºC. The extreme conditions don’t put off the ultrarunners, however. Each year the race attracts around 800 entrants, with the winner usually completing the course – equivalent to six marathons – in about 17 hours.
Just desert 5
Cool runnings: freestyle halfpipe action in Tignes
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M O R E B O DY & M I N D
Culture Manga alive: anime characters hit up Tokyo 08-17.03.2013, AUSTIN, USA
SXSW The most high-profile music trade fair in the world sees the streets of Austin, Texas, fill with indie kids looking for secret gigs and aspiring new bands dragging guitar amps from one club to the next. Over 100 live venues welcome more than 5,000 musicians, who are here for good reason: the likelihood of getting a record deal is greater here than elsewhere, as journalists and label managers converge on the Texan city in search of the next big thing.
14.03-01.04.2013, LONDON, UK
23–24.03.2013, TOKYO, JAPAN
International Anime Fair Publishers, illustrators and more than 100,000 anime fans travel to Tokyo every year for the Japanese animation industry’s largest gathering. It’s an unusual experience, with balloon animals with huge eyes and snub noses floating above the heads of visitors, as manga princesses and warriors patrol the aisles alongside the latest figurines, films and comics.
27-28.03.2013, DELHI, INDIA
Crowds of colour
Chess Candidates’ Tournament 6 World The World Chess Championship doesn’t happen until November, but the players who will take on India’s reigning world champion, Viswanathan Anand, will be decided in March when the eight best chess players in the world meet in London for a preliminary. They include Boris Gelfand from Israel, who lost out to Anand in last year’s final, and Russian grandmaster Vladimir Kramnik, who put the moves on his compatriot Garry Kasparov to claim the world title 13 years ago.
Holi This Hindu festival, marking the end of winter and the coming of spring, sees the streets of Delhi awash in a sea of colour. It is a celebration of the god Krishna, in which crowds throw coloured powder and coloured water, representing a moment in Krishna’s life when he complained about the contrast between the colour of his skin and that of his lover, Radha. Who attends is coloured in.
PHOTOGRAPHY: GETTY IMAGES (3), PICTUREDESK.COM (3)
City on fire: Valencia burns up for Las Fallas fest 15-19.03.2013, VALENCIA, SPAIN
Desire for fire
Las Fallas Shortly before midnight, the lights go out in the streets of Valencia. Silence. Total darkness. Then, ta-da: fireworks shoot into the sky and huge papier-mâché figures go up in flames. The Las Fallas festival is a heaven for pyromaniacs, a fiery spectacle attracting more than two million visitors each year. The residents of Valencia spend months working on the giant dolls, called Ninots, which they erect in the streets before burning them to a chorus of cheers.
The sand troubles: 230km racing across Morocco
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10 Dye society: the colourful Holi festival in India
M O R E B O DY & M I N D
Mark Thomas: two different shows in Glasgow
Save The Date March & April MARCH 14-18
Rocking on Red Bull Bedroom Jam UK winners Don Broco had a great end to 2012, as their debut album topped rock charts and they were named Best New Rock Artist by iTunes. Yet it seems 2013 could be even better. Dates on the Bedford four-piece’s first headline tour have been selling out in as little as 30 minutes (five extra dates have been added, in mid-April) before they play their first festival of the year, Hit The Deck, in Bristol and Nottingham. www.donbroco.com
Big hitters The ball’s in Team GB’s court, as they prepare to host Russia at home in the second round of tennis’s Davis Cup. As the only one of seven unseeded nations to receive a bye into the second round, the team have had an extra month to focus on what will be a tough meeting: two-time cup winners Russia were last victorious in 2006; GB last won the trophy 70 years earlier. As The Red Bulletin went to print, world number three and Olympic gold medallist Andy Murray (right) is in discussions about playing. His presence would go a long way towards ending the drought. www.daviscup.com
Northern laughs Scotland’s comedy quotient will rise this month when some of world’s best stand-ups undertake 18 days of gigs and gags at the Glasgow International Comedy Festival. Established acts such as Mark Thomas (performing two different shows), Alan Carr and Sean Lock are on the bill alongside emerging talent such as London’s Luisa Omielan, with her show What Would Beyoncé Do?!, and 21-year-old Scottish film student Ross Semple, performing his debut show, Full Disclosure. The festival, now in its 11th year, goes beyond the city’s comedy clubs to host shows in 46 venues, including a tattoo parlour, a subway station and a library. Alan Anderson’s 24-hour gig, from midday on March 23, may have the most laughs of any comedy show ever: over 100 whiskies will be sampled in honour of World Whisky Day. www.glasgowcomedyfestival.com
Uphill struggle One contest to settle the longstanding battle of the bikes once and for all: inviting all riders, whether they favour the fixie or back the BMX, to take part in the ultimate uphill nighttime battle, to see who and what, literally comes out on top. Red Bull Hill Chasers, held in Edinburgh’s Grassmarket for the first time, pits amateur riders of all disciplines against 10 leading professionals. Five knock-out, mass-start races will decide who takes home the
Steep challenge: Red Bull Hill Chasers
prizes and, most importantly, biker bragging rights. To take part in qualifiers, register online by March 28. www.redbull.co.uk/hillchasers
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WORDS: RUTH MORGAN. PHOTOGRAPHY: RUTER PAUW/RED BULL CONTENT POOL, REX FEATURES, GETTY IMAGES
From Auckland to Alabama, St Patrick’s Day is much beloved around the globe. Some of the world’s most iconic sights, including the leaning tower of Pisa, the Sydney Opera House and the London Eye, are green-lit in honour of Ireland’s patron saint each March 17. But Dublin is the place to be, where the celebrations last not one day but five. Over a million people from around the world visit the St Patrick’s Festival held in the city, to sample a packed calendar of authentic Irish celebration: céilí dancing, acoustic music nights, the St Patrick’s street parade, and of course, plenty of Guinness. www.stpatricksfestival.ie
illustration: dietmar kainrath
k a i n r at h
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upertall buildings are here to stay – but that’s only a half-truth. And as with most half-truths, it’s the uncertain 50 per cent that’s most interesting. I do not know that he actually has an epitaph, but if the blackest humour were involved, Minoru Yamasaki might be remembered by three small words: “What goes up…” Yamasaki, the Japanese-American architect who died in 1986, will forever be associated with the design of tall buildings that, by intention or wickedness, fell spectacularly to earth. His Pruitt-Igoe social housing in St Louis, Missouri, was dynamited in 1972, when only 18 years old. Footage of the demolition fuelled anti-modernist propaganda. Here was the failure of an architectural ideology, it was argued. Explosively, a dream became rubble. Then there was Yamasaki’s World Trade Center. Composer Karlheinz Stockhausen got into trouble when he described 9/11 as “Satan’s greatest work of art”, but if art is about unforgettable imagery, profound emotion and dreadful, resonant symbolism, he was correct. The World Trade Center atrocity taught us many sombre truths, one of them was the nature of structures. Buildings are living things and sometimes their death can be as instructive as their birth. Yamasaki used a construction type known as a Vierendeel truss, a square section external lattice, light in weight and good for illumination, since it allows for large uninterrupted areas of glass. In the WTC, the building’s envelope was this lattice support. It was sufficiently strong to withstand a terrorist’s low-level internal 1993 bomb, which left a crater five storeys deep, but, after the high-level impact of the aircraft, the WTC suffered an awful progressive collapse, which civilisation, and the construction profession, will never forget. But this was not the first Manhattan skyscraper to be hit by an aircraft. In July 1945, a B25 bomber, lost in fog, flew
End Of The Skyline If you build it, says Stephen Bayley, of supertall buildings, it will come down into the Empire State Building. There was a terrible fire and The New York Times ran the headline ‘Wide Area Rocked’, but, while the Empire State vibrated, it did not fall down. The steel frame structure was able to absorb the shock. As ever-taller skyscrapers are built, questions of a building’s integrity, its security and endurance become ever more relevant. And since many commercial buildings have this occult Must Come Down clause, there is also the nagging question of how in future we dispose of unwanted skyscrapers. With small buildings demolition is easy: a wrecking ball will do the job. Equally, the technology exists to manage collapse of supertall buildings through explosions, but in densely populated urban areas the dirt, shockwaves and danger of flying debris are unacceptable, even in controlled conditions. So you have London’s Shard at 310m and the Burj Khalifa, Dubai, at 828m. Yet there is no gainsaying it was an
astonishing achievement to build the Shard and the Burj Khalifa. It will be an even more astonishing achievement to take them down, as economics, taste and the fatigue of components will one day eventually demand. With this in mind, I sent an email to SOM, the Chicago architects of Burj Khalifa, asking if they might have to create technologies for demolition as new as the technologies they created for its construction. Clearly, as this is the world’s tallest building, there are no precedents. So far, I have had no reply. But maybe the distinguished architects are relying on children’s illustrator David Macaulay’s 1980 book Unbuilding, in which he describes a fantastic dismantling of the Empire State Building, before it is rebuilt in the Middle East. Macaulay’s proposal: take it down in reverse to how it was built. This is probably the way it will be done. In 2011, Japanese construction company Taisei began to take down Tokyo’s Grand Prince Hotel Akasaka, a 29-year-old building designed by Kenzo Tange, using a method known as TECOREP, the Taisei Ecological Reproduction System. (The process is due to finish this year.) Taisei built a “disassembly factory” on the top floor, and are bringing the whole lot slowly down, floor by floor, helpfully containing noise and dirt on the way. A rival company, Kajima, has applied an opposite method: starting at the bottom, a building’s upper parts are supported on hydraulic jacks and it disappears, floor by floor, as if sucked down into the centre of the Earth whence its materials came. There are lessons here. Architects of supertall buildings must now consider tomorrow’s demolition at the same time they delight in today’s construction. Buildings are the most powerful symbol of humanity’s condition. Today, we are in a state of nervous impermanence. Stephen Bayley is an award-winning writer and a former director of the Design Museum in London
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