Issuu on Google+


22 2014

BZn kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ Dd-hnSw Atd_y sI. _m-eIr-jv-W≥-

am¿®v

]pkvXI - w: 58 e°w: 23 hne:

` 15

8

teJ\w 32 a°-Øp-t]mb tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-∏n≈

66 I\Ø Im¬sh-∏ns‚ kv{XoPohnXw F.hn ]hn-{X≥

]c- º c 54 Hcp Ime-L-´-Øns‚ ssIsbm∏v tUm. F≥.F Icow

hmb\ 44 tIkcn-bpsS Ncn{X \nK-a-\-߃

tI-c-fo-b-cpw- B-{‘-cpw- sX-°-≥ H-do-k-°m-cpw- A-S-ßn-b- \-c-hw-iw_-Zp-hn-≥ sk-ssa-‰v- A-d-_n-I-fm-b- sa-Un-‰-td-\n-b-≥ \-c-hw-i-°m-cmsW-∂pw- Cu-Pn-]v-jy-≥ \m-K-cn-I-X-bp-≠m-°n-b- {]m-No-\- Cu-Pn-]v-XpIm¿- C-h-cp-sS- k-tlm-Z-c-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂p-am-Wv- tI-k-cn-bp-sSI-s≠-ج

tIk-cn-bpsS Bi-b-temIw

as‰mcp Ncn{Xw km[y-amWv

tUm. Sn. Pam¬ apl-ΩZv

Fw.F≥ hnP-b≥

Fw.F dlvam≥

t\mh¬

20

24

48 Hm∏-td-j≥ _jmbv SpUp alm-tizXmtZhn hnh¿Ø\w: kp\n¬ Rmfn-bØv

76 Ip´n-I-fpsS tdm_n≥k¨ {Iqtkm Um\n-b¬ Uot^m ]p\: A_vZp√ t]cm{º

IY 70 ]tcmƒ (Hm¿Ω-I-fn¬ a™p s]øp-tºmƒ) Fen-k-_Øv

IhnX 47 AS-bm-f-߃ cmPp h≈n-°p∂w

74 ap≥Km-an-Iƒ sNdn-b-ap≠w A_vZp¿d- mJv

69 dh\yq dn°-hdn NmØ-∂q¿ taml≥

75 A¿∞m-¥-c-߃ kXy-N-{μ≥ s]mbn¬°mhv

75 kv{Xo jan-bmkv hf-]-´Ww No^v FUn-‰¿: Sn.-]n. sNdq∏ FUn-‰¿: kn.-]n. sskX-ehn

]w‡nIƒ 7 hnf°v

81 sse{_dn

A_q Ppam≥ ]ncn-tbm-Un-°¬kv FUn-‰¿: inlm-_p-±o≥ s]mbvØpw-I-Shv k_v FUnt‰gvkv: hn.-sI. kptcjv ]n.-Fw. -P-b≥ te˛Hu´v & Ih¿ Unssk≥: sI.-hn. Akvew \Sp-°c

60 kvarXn N{μnI

- ƒ 82 Fs‚ A©v kz]v\ß ]n.]n cma-N-{μ≥

62 ]pXp-\m-ºp-Iƒ N{μnI BgvN-∏-Xn-∏v, ]n.-_n. \º¿: 64, YMCA tdmUv, tImgn-t°m-Sv˛673 001 t^m¨: 2766032, 2767040, 2765122, ^mIvkv: 0495˛2765950. Csa-bn¬: chandrikaweeklynew@gmail.com


]{Xm-[n-]¿, N{μnI BgvN-∏-Xn-∏v, ]n._n.-\-º¿˛64, ssh.-Fw.kn.F tdmUv, tImgn-t°mSv˛673001 email: chandrikaweeklynew@gmail.com

^mjn-k-Øns‚ K¿`-Kr-l-߃

IØp-Iƒ

kn≤oJv lk≥, tNcm-s\-√q¿

4

{]Xn-]mZy hnj-bw-sIm≠v {i≤ t\Snb e°-am-bn-cp∂p am¿®v 8t‚Xv. aptkm-fn-\n-bpsS kzImcy Pohn-X-sa-gpXnb F.hn A\n¬Ip-am-dn\pw \mkn-Imehpw tamUn-Im-ehpw Xmc-Xayw sNbvXv thdn´ hgn-bn-eqsS k©-cn® hn[p hn≥sk‚n\pw BƒssZ-h-ß-fpsS ka{K hmb\ \S-Ønb Dta-jv_m_p sI.kn°pw \μn. ^mjnkw \ΩpsS ho´pap-‰Øv Nph-Sp-d-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-I-bmsW∂v Ch-sc√mw hnfn-®p-]-d-bp-tºmƒ AXv tIƒ°m≥ \ΩpsS \m´n-se-{X-t]cp≠v? sXc-s™-Sp∏v tImem-l-e-at√ hcp∂Xv. h¿j-߃°v apºv sslμh ^mjn-k-Øn-s\-Xnsc ]S-\-bn® Nne¿ tamUn-bpsS ssk\y-Ønse sIt¶-a-∑mcmbn am[y-a-ß-fn¬ \nd-bp∂p. tamUn sXm´p-Iq-Sm-Ø-h-\-s√∂v Ah¿ {]Jym-]n°p∂p. apt m-fn-\nbpw ln‰vedpw BZyIm-eØv k¿h kzoIm-cy-cm-Im-\mWv {ian®Xv. AtX hgn-bn-eq-sS-bmWv tamUnbpw. hn[p hn≥sk‚v ]d-bp∂p, FXn¿∏ns‚ F√m-hn[ i_vZ-ß-sfbpw C√m-Xm-°ns°m≠v \mkn-Iƒ P¿Ω-\n-bn¬ A[nIm-c-ta-s‰-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ apX¬ P\-߃°nS-bn¬ {]N-cn-®n-cp∂ ap{Zm-hm-Iy-am-WnXv ""Hcp t\Xmhv Hcp P\X Hcp cmjv{Sw.'' AtX F√m FXn¿∏p-I-sfbpw C√m-Xm°n-bmWv tamUn KpP-dm-Øns‚ k¿hm[n-]-Xn-bm-bXv. ^vfIvkv t_m¿Up-I-fn¬ sslμh Xo{h-hmZw hc-®n-Sp-∂Xv tamUnsb am{X-amWv. hmPvt]-bnbpw AUzm-\nbpw \ndw aßn ioXo-I-cn® apdn22 am¿®v 2014

I-fn-emWv. Hscm‰ t\Xm-th-bp≈q AXv tamUn-bm-sW∂v kwL-]-cn-hmcw {]Jym]n-®p-I-gn™p. AXp-sIm≠v Fgp-Øp-ImcpsS ap∂-dn-bn-∏p-Iƒ a\p-jy-kvt\-lnIƒ°v Ah-K-Wn-°m-\m-hn√. ]p\-cp-∞m\hpw B[p-\nI tIm¿∏-td-‰p-Ifpw H∂n-®Wn-\n-c-°p∂ sXc-s™-Sp-∏mWv hcp-∂Xv. Ah¿ Ae-¶-cn®v Hcp-°p-∂tXm tamUnsbbpw! sKbv¬ s{SUvsh-ens‚ A`n-ap-Jhpw Ah-k-tcm-Nn-X-ambn. ae-bm-f-Øn¬ Hcp Nm\¬ A`n-apJw kwt{]-jWw sNøp-∂Xn\p apsº "N{μnI' AXv Xbm-dm-°n-bXv {]tXyIw FSp-Øp-]-d-tb-≠-XmWv.

BgvN-∏-X n∏v


sKbven-s\-t∏mse F{X-sb{X t]cm-bn-cn°pw Bflob Nqj-W-Øn\v Cc-Ifm-Ip-∂Xv. lnμp-aX-Øn¬ am{X-a-√t√m CsXm∂pw. a‰p aX-hn-`mK-ß-fnepw F{Xtbm t]cp≠v. kao-]-Im-esØ hnhm-Z-߃ am[y-a-ß-fn-enSw ]nSn-®-Xm-Wt√m. ]t£ AsXm∂pw Xpd-∂p-]-d-bm-\n-hnsS Bfn√. ]d-™m¬ Xs∂ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°m\pw. AXp-sIm≠v F√m-h-scbpw Xpd-∂p-Im-Wn-°m\mWv B¿Phw ImWn-t°-≠Xv. Dtajv _m_phns‚ teJ\w AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ {]m[m-\y-

a¿ln-°p-∂p≠v. {]hm-N-Is\ tI{μ-am-°n- Bflob X´n∏v \S-Øp-∂Xv Hcn-°epw \√-X√. GXm-s≠√m B{i-a-ß-fnepw \nKq-VX \ng-en®p-\n¬°p-∂p≠v. CsX√mw ^mjn-k-Øns‚ K¿`Kr-l-ß-fmbn \n¬°p-I-bm-sW∂v Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂n-SØmWv BgvN-∏-Xn-∏nse teJ-\-ß-fpsS {]k‡n. sXc-s™-Sp∏v ImeØv \Ωp-sS-sb√mw ho´n-seØp∂ ^mjnÃv Bi-b-K-Xn-°msc Bi-b-]-cambn t\cn-Sm\p≈ Icp-ØmWv BgvN-∏-Xn∏v \¬Ip-∂Xv.

cmjv{So-bm-[n-Im-c-Øn\v th≠n k‘n sNøp-∂-h¿ Akn-am-\μ: "At\z-jW kwL-Øn\v Bflm¿∞-X-bn√' F∂ teJ-\-Øn¬ (e°w 19˛s^{_p. 22) {io. hnt\mZv sI. tPmkv ]d-bp∂p: H∂m-a-Xmbn˛em‰n≥ k`bpw ItØm-en°m k`-bp-a√ tamUn°v Bio¿hmZw \¬Ip-∂Xv F∂v. adn®v {InkvXym-\n-I-fnse kº∂ hn`m-K-amb Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k`-bmWv tamUn-tbmSv ASp∏w ImWn-°p-∂Xv. c≠m-asØ Imcyw˛ {InkvXym-\n-bn¬ PmXn-hy-h-ÿ-bp≠v˛ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p≠v. teJ-I-≥ ]d-bp∂ BZy \ne-]mSv icn-b√. ImcWw tIc-f-Øn¬ kwL-]-cn-hm¿ {]h¿Ø-Icpw˛_n.sP.]nbpsS `cW t\XrXz-hp-ambn \√ _‘w D≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv ItØm-en°m k`-°m-bn-cp∂p. _n.sP.]nbpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ F≥.Un.FbpsS k¿°m-dn¬ tI{μ \nba kl-a-{¥nbmb ]n.kn tXmakv ASn-ÿm-\-]c-ambn ItØm-en°m k`bpw sa{X-m∑mcpw t\XrXzw sImSp-°p∂ tIcfm tIm¨{K v {]Xn-\n[nbmb ItØm-en°m k`-°m-c\mWv. AXp-t]mse \yq\-]£ tam¿®bpsS kPoh {]h¿Ø-I\pw tZiob t\Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ kmº-ØnI ssk-≤-m¥nI\pw ap≥ tI{μ kmº-ØnI sk{I-´-dn-bp-amb {io Ipcy≥ ItØm-en-°m-k`m {]Xn-\n-[n-bmWv. _n.sP.]nbpsS \yq\-]£ h‡mhv tPm¿Pv Ipcy≥ ItØm-en°m k`-°m-c-\mWv. tZiob BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

_n.sP.]n \yq\-]£ kanXn AwKw A¬t^m¨kv IÆ-¥m\w˛ItØmen°m k`-°m-c-\mWv. Hm¿Ø-tUmIvkv k` am{X-a√ _n.sP.]ntbbpw kwL-]-cnhm-dp-I-tfbpw ]n¥p-W-°p-∂Xv. Ch-cnep≈ kh¿Æ {_m“W c‡-amWv CXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-]-c-amb tNtXm-hn-Imc-߃. tIc-f-Øn¬ ss{IkvXh P\-kw-Jybn¬ alm-`q-cn-]£w hcp∂ ItØmen°m k`-bn-emWv PmXn-Ip-ipºpw Abn-

22 am¿®v 2014

IØp-Iƒ

tPm¨k¨ s\√n-°p∂v temUvkv Cw•ojv A°m-Uan, ss]tßm-´p-]pcw

5


IØp-Iƒ

Øhpw h¿Æ hnth-N-\hpw \ne-\n¬°p-∂Xv. {]tXy-In®pw a[y Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq-dnepw ae-_mdns‚ IpSn-tb‰ taJ-e-I-fnepw. lnμp-a-X-Ønse PmXn-hy-Xymkw AXpt]mse \ne-\n¬°p-∂p≠v ss{IkvXh k`-Ifn¬. ZfnXv ss{IkvX-h-cmb ASn-a-I-fm-bn-cp∂ ]pe-b-t\mSpw ]d-b-t\mSpw C∂pw PmXnbpw Abn-Øhpw sh®p-]p-e¿Øp∂p. ^e-Øn¬ tIc-f-Øn¬ lnμp-a-Xhpw {InkvXp-a-Xhpw H∂pX-s∂-bmWv. cmjv{Sob A[n-Im-c-Øn\v th≠n ItØm-en-°cpw Hm¿Ø-tUm-Ivkp-Ifpw _n.sP.]nbp-ambn k‘n-sNøpw. KpP-dm-Øn¬ Iem-]-Im-eØv ASn-®p-X-I¿ØXv kh¿Æ {InkvXym-\n-I-fpsS ]≈n-Ifpw ÿm]-\-ß-fpa√. adn®v ZfnXv˛ BZn-hmkn tKm{X-ß-fpsS ÿm]-\-ß-fmWv. AXpw temI ss{IkvXh kaq-l-Øn\v hn‰v Imiv hmßn-b-h-cmWv C¥ybnse kh¿Æ ss{IkvX-h-k-`bpw sa{Xm∑mcpw. _n.sP.]n°m-c-s‚bpw kwL-]-cn-hm-dp-I-fpsSbpw apgp-h≥ shdp∏pw hntZz-jhpw t]dn Pohn-t°-≠n-h-cp-∂Xv ]mhw ZfnXv ss{IkvX-hcmWv. kz¥w ktlm-Z-c-߃t]mepw (lnμp ]´nI-Pm-Xn-°m¿) shdp-t∏m-sSbpw ]I-tbm-sS-bpamWv ZfnXv ss{IkvX-hsc ImWp-∂Xv. (\yq\]£ Ah-Im-i-hp-an√ ]´n-I-PmXn kwh-c-W-hpan√.) aX-]-cn-h¿Ø\w sNbvX-Xns‚ Imc-W߃ Bcpw kwkm-cn-°p-∂n√. _n.sP.]n, B¿.Fkv.Fkv, kwLv]-cn-hm¿, lnμp tZio-bX Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p∂ kwL-hp-ambn ItØmen°m k`°pw \√ Nßm-Ø-amWv. Poh-Im-cpWyhpw kphn-tij I®-h-Shpw \S-Ø-W-sa¶n¬˛ _n.sP.]n˛ B¿.Fkv.Fkv NßmØw kh¿Æ Xºp-cm-°-∑m-cpsS k`-Iƒ°v Bh-iyamWv˛ Cu kmaq-lnI bmYm¿∞yw N{μn-IbpsS {]nb hmb-\-°m¿ Xncn-®-dn-bWw.

6

am[yaw, tZim-`n-am\n, amXr-`qan F∂n-h-I-fn¬ hcp-tºm-gp-≠m-hpI. apXn¿∂ Fgp-Øp-Imsc√mw Ah-cpsS ]T-\-Im-eØv Cßs\ kmwkvIm-cnI {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-ß-fn¬ IqSn Xs∂-bmWv Db¿∂Xv. "kvarXn-N-{μnI'bn¬ ]e teJ-\-ßfpw It≠m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wt√m F∂n´pw....

s]cp-h-gn-bn¬ \n∂v ]eXpw hos≠-Sp-°m-\p≠v \^o-kp¬ lpssk≥, s]m∑f

Bflm-hn-√mØ IY-Iƒ IqWp-t]mse apf®p-s]m-¥p∂ ImeØv Imcyhpw I\-hp-ap≈ Hcp-]nSn \√ IY-Iƒ°v shfn-®-ta-Im≥ N{μnI°v km[n-®n-´p≠v. e°w 17 ]pkvXIw 58se ap≠q¿ IrjvW≥Ip-´n-bpsS ""s]cp-h-gn-bn¬ \jvS-am-Ip-∂Xv'' AØ-c-Øn-sem-∂m-bn-cp∂p. a\ v ac-hn® Nne-bm-flm-°ƒ°v IY Nn¥n°m-t\sd \¬Ip-∂p≠v. kzm¿∞-X-bpsS k¶p-

]pXp-\m-ºp-Iƒ°v i‡n- ]-I-cpI apl-ΩZv sjco^v Im∏v, tXe-°mSv ]n.H, s]cn-¥¬aÆ

Fgp-Xn-sØ-fn-bp∂

Iuam-c-°m¿°mbn ap≥\nc BgvN-∏-Xn-∏p-I-sfm-s°bpw t{]m’ml\w \¬Ip-∂p≠v. "N{μnI'bn¬ AXns‚ t]cv ]pXp-\m-ºp-Iƒ F∂mWv! {]kvXpX ]w‡n°v Imcy-amb ]cn-K-W-\-sbm∂pw sImSp-t°-s≠∂v jmln\ F∂p t]cp≈ _lp-am\y hmb-\°mcn ae-∏p-d-Øp-\n∂v Ipdn-°p∂p. (1 am¿®v 2014 e°w) Ip´n-Iƒ°mbn [mcmfw {]kn-≤o-I-c-W߃ D≈ ÿnXn°v! _me-ca, an∂m-an∂n, _me-`qan, ae¿hmSn F∂n-h-bn¬ krjvSn-Iƒ hcp-∂-Xp-t]mse "Ip´n-°fn'bmtWm N{μnI,

22 am¿®v 2014

Nn-X-amb CS-\m-gn-Isf CjvS-s∏´ ""lcn-i-¶¿ \mb¿'' ]Whpw s]m∂pw Pohn-XsØ ]®-]n-Sn∏n-°p-sa∂ ]pXnb Ime Nn¥-I-fpsS Ccp≠ {]Xo-I-amWv. kvt\lhpw kulm¿Zhpw \¿a-hp-sa√mw A\p-`-hn-®-dn-bp-tºm-gmWv Pohn-X-sa∂ kz]v\hpw e£yhpw bmYm¿∞y-am-hp-∂Xv. Ime-Øn-s\m∏w at\m-`m-hhpw amtd-≠-Xps≠∂ Xncn-®-dn-hn\v IY hgn-sbm-cp-°p-∂p≠v. a\p-jy\pw am\-hn-I-Xbpw ]p\¿P-\n-°-W-sa¶n¬ A]-cs‚ apJØp t\m°n ]p©n-cn-°p∂ lrZ-b-ß-sf-bmWv cq]-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠Xv.

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


hnf°v A_q Ppam≥

aq∂v kº-∂-cpsS IY sh

≈-∏m≠p tcmKn, Ij≠n, A‘≥. XßfpsS Zp¿hn-[n-bn¬ a\w s\m¥v Ign-bp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p C{km-tb¬ hwi-P-cmb Cu aq∂m-fp-Iƒ. Ch-cpsS IY-bn-te°v apl-ΩZv \_n injy-cpsS {i≤£-Wn®p. Cu aq∂p t]scbpw ]co-£n-°m≥ \n›-bn® ssZhw AXn-\mbn Hcp amem-Jsb Npa-X-e-s∏-SpØn. amemJ BZyw sh≈-∏m≠v tcmKnsb kao-]n®v Cßs\ tNmZn®p: ""\ns‚ G‰hpw henb B{Klw F¥mWv?'' sh≈-∏m≠p tcmKn ]d™p: ""Fs‚ Cu AkpJw amdn kpμ-c-amb N¿aw Xncn-®p-In-´pI F∂-XmWv Fs‚ G‰hpw henb tamlw. Rms\mcp kpμ-c-\mbn amdWw.'' amemJ sh≈-∏m≠p tcmKn-bpsS ico-c-Øn¬ XShn. ssZh-lnXw F∂-√msX F¥p ]d-bm≥! sh≈-∏m≠v A{]-Xy-£-ambn. ]Icw kpμ-c-amb a\pjy cq]w. ""Bhs´. \o G‰hpw CjvS-s∏-Sp∂ kºØv GXmWv?'' amemJ XpS¿∂p tNmZn®p. ""H´Iw'' F∂m-bn-cp∂p Abm-fpsS adp-]Sn. amemJ Abmƒ°v Hscm-´-IsØ \¬In. ""ssZhw \ns∂ CXn-eqsS A\p-{K-ln-°s´'' F∂m-iwkn® tijw amemJ A{]-Xy-£-ambn. Ij-≠n-bpsS apºn-emWv amemJ ]n∂oSv {]Xy-£-s∏´Xv. Abm-fpsS G‰hpw henb B{Klw F¥m-sW∂v amemJ Xnc°n. ""Ij≠n amdn Ag-Ip-ff apSn e`n-°pI.'' kzm`m-hn-Iambpw Abm-fpsS B{Klw CXm-bn-cp∂p. amemJ Ij-≠n-bpsS, acp-`qan t]mse-bp≈ inc v XShn. A¤pXw Xs∂! \√ Ag-Ip≈ tIiw B inc ns\ kº-∂-am°n. ""CjvS-s∏´ [\w?'' amemJ tNmZn®p. ""]ip'' F∂p adp-]Sn. amemJ Abmƒs°mcp ]ip-hns\ \¬Inb tijw A‘s‚ apºn-seØn. A‘s‚ G‰hpw henb B{Klw ImgvN-i‡n e`n-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

°pI F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p. amemJ kv]¿in-®-t∏mƒ ImgvNbn- √ m- Ø - h ≥ Imgv N - b p- ≈ - h - \ mbn. temI- Ø ns‚ A¤pXw apgp-h≥ Abmƒ kz¥w IÆp-I-fm¬ t\m°n°≠p. Abmƒ°v CjvS-s∏´ kºØv BSv. BSns\ kΩm\n®v amemJ ad™p. EXp-°ƒ ]eXpw IS-∂p-t]mbn. sh≈-∏m≠v amdnb BfpsS H´Iw s]‰p-s]-cpIn. Ij≠n amdn-b-hs‚ ]ip At\I iXw ]ip-°fpw Imf-I-fp-ambn Xmgvh-c-I-fn¬ \nd™p. A‘X amdn- b - h s‚ BSv Bbn- c - ß - f mbn s]cpIn. ssZhm- \ p- { K- l - Ø m¬ kº- ∂ - c m- b n- Ø o¿∂- h - c psS Ct∏m- g sØ a\:ÿnXn F¥m- b n- c n°pw? t\csØ Ahsc kao-]n® A\p-{K-l-Øns‚ ZqX≥ amemJ bmNI-thjw [cn®v aqh-scbpw ho≠pw ImWm≥ sN∂p. ""Rm≥ Zqsc \n∂p hcp∂p. hfsc IjvS-Øn-emWv. Fs¥- ¶ nepw X∂v klm- b n- ° Ww.'' bmNI thjw [cn® amemJ sh≈-∏m≠v amdn-b-h-t\mSv A¿∞n®p. ""F¥p sNømw NßmXo. Rm≥ h√mØ sRcp-°-Ønem-Wt√m. ISw [mcm-f-ap≠v. \n߃°v Xcm≥ Fs‚ ssIhiw H∂p-an√.'' sh≈-∏m≠v amdn-b-hs‚ adp-]Sn CXm-bn-cp∂p. A\¥cw amemJ Ij≠n amdn-b-hs\ kao-]n®p. Abmfpw amem-J-bpsS apºn¬ {]mc-m_v[-Øns‚ sI´-gn®p. ssZhw X߃°v \¬In- b - X n¬ \n∂v Nn√n- ° miv t]mepw hn´p-sIm-Sp-°m≥ Ah-cpsS a\ v hnim-e-am-bn√. amemJ A‘X amdn- b - h s‚ ASp- s ØØn. ""Zqsc Zn°n¬ \n∂p hcp∂ Zcn- { Z- \ mb F\n°v Hcm- S ns\ Xcmtam?'' ""H∂√ F{X BSp- I sf thW- s a- ¶ nepw FSp- Ø psIm≈q. Ch-sbms° F\n°v ssZhw \¬In-b-XmWv.'' A‘X amdnb BfpsS adp-]Sn Abm-fpsS a\- n\pw Imgv N - b p- ≈ - X mbn sXfn- b n®p. amemJ Xs‚ ZuXyw shfn-s∏-SpØn Xntcm-[m\w sNbvXp. \Ω-fn¬ Dd-ßp∂Xv Cu aqh-cn¬ BcmWv?

22 am¿®v 2014

7


sI. _m-eIr-jv-W≥-

2014 G{]n¬ 13 tIk-cn-bpsS 125˛mw P∑-hm¿jnIw

BZn kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ Dd-hnSw

Atd_y tI-c-fo-b-cpw- B-{‘-cpw- sX-°-≥ H-do-k-°m-cpw- A-S-ßn-b- \-c-hw-iw- _-Zp-hn-≥ sk-ssa-‰v- A-d-_n-I-fm-b- sa-Un-‰-td-\n-b-≥ \-c-hw-i-°m-cm-sW-∂pw- Cu-Pn-]v-jy-≥ \m-K-cn-I-X-bp-≠m-°n-b- {]m-No-\- Cu-Pn-]v-Xp-Im¿- C-h-cp-sS- k-tlm-Z-c-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂psh-∂p-am-Wv- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- I-s≠-ج

sXm

-gn¬,- sa-®-s∏-´h-cp-am-\w,- Po-hn-X- kp-c-£- ˛- C-X√m-sX- Kƒ-^n-te-°p-≈- a-e-bm-fnIp-Sn-tb-‰-Øn-\v- a-s‰-s¥-¶n-epwt{]-c-I-ap-t≠m-?- A-h-sc- A-tßm-t´°v- \n-»-–-am-bn- hn-fn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂- F-s¥-¶n-epw-?- G-sX-¶n-epwi-‡n-Iƒ-?a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ-°v- a-‰v- C-¥y-≥ kwÿm-\-ß-fn-ep-≈-h-cp-am-bp-≈-Xnt\-°mƒ- _-‘w- A-d-_n-I-tfm-Sp≠v.- hn-im-e-am-b- I-S¬-Øo-c-hpwA-Xp-h-gn-bp-≠m-b- hn-tZ-i-_-‘hpw- Im-c-Ww- km¿-h-tZ-io-b-am-bH-cp- kmw-kv-Im-cn-I- k-¶-e-\-Øns‚- ta-∑- tI-c-f-Øn-\p-≠v.- A-d-_nI-fpw- kn-dn-b-bn¬-\n-s∂-Øn-b^n-\o-jy-∑m-cpw- Cu-Pn-]v-Xp-Im-cpwXp¿-°n-I-fp-sa-√mw- X-Ωn-ep-≈- hmWn-Py-_-‘w, "-hn-hm-l-'-_-‘w...F-∂m¬- A-Xn-\p-a-∏p-dw- I-S¬-h-gnb-√m-Ø- H-cp- Zo¿-L-{]-bm-W-Øns‚- ss]-Xr-I-am-Wv- a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ°p-≈-Xv.- h-∂p-t]m-b,- A-Y-hm- Chn-sS- Xm-a-kn-®- hn-cp-∂p-Im¿- h-gnbp-≠m-b- _-‘-a-√,- H-cp- ss]-Xr-

8

22 am¿®v 2014

I-hpw- H-cp- kw-kv-Im-c-hp-am-bn- A-d-_n-°-c-bn¬-\n∂pw- I-c-Iƒ- Xm-≠n-sb-Øn- C-hn-sS- B-hm-k-ap-d-∏n-®H-cp- P-\-X-bp-sS- ]n-¥p-S¿-®.sXm-gn¬-tX-Sn- a-e-bm-fn-Iƒ- h-≥tXm-Xn¬- Kƒ-^vcm-Py-ß-fn¬- F-Øm-≥ Xp-S-ßn-b-Xv- F-gp-]-Xp-I-fn-emWv.- H-cp- ]-t£,- sXm-gn¬-tX-Sn- H-cp- a-e-bm-fn-bpw- Kƒ^v- cm-Py-ß-fn-te-°v- t]m-bn-Øp-S-ßn-bn-´n-√m-Ø- Im-eØv- 1960¬- tI-k-cn- F-. _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈- a-cn-®p.- C∂v- A-d-_v- cm-Py-ß-fpw- tI-c-f-hpw- X-Ωn-ep-≈- hn-\n-ab-_-‘w- tI-c-f-hpw- C-X-c- C-¥y-≥ kw-ÿm-\-ß-fpam-bp-≈- _-‘-tØ-°m-fpw- ap-I-fn-em-Wv.- Cu- Im-eØv- tI-k-cn- Po-hn-®n-cn-°p-s∂-¶n¬- F-¥p- ]-d-bp-am-bncp-∂p-sh-∂m-tem-Nn-°p-∂-Xv- Iu-Xp-I-I-c-am-Wv- ˛- "-tIc-fo-b¿- A-h-cp-sS- X-d-hm-´n-te-°v- t]m-Ip-∂p-!-'h¿-j-Øn-sem-cn-°¬- a-lm-_-en- tI-c-f-Øn¬- h-∂v]-g-b- {]-P-I-sf- I-≠v- k-t¥m-jn-®v- t]m-Ip-∂p-≠-t√m˛- A-t±-lw- h-cp-∂-Xv- ]m-Xm-f-Øn¬-\n-∂m-Wv.- t]m-Ip∂-Xpw- ]m-Xm-f-Øn-te-°v.- [-\y-X-bp-sS- k-tμ-i-hp-ambm-W-t√m- A-t±-l-Øn-s‚- h-c-hv.- B- ÿ-ew,- "-]m-Xmfw-',- ]-iv-Nn-ta-jy-b-t{X- ˛- Hm-Iv-kv- \-Zn-°-c-bn¬- _m-Iv{Sn-b- F-∂- cm-Py-sØ- cm-Pm-hm-bn-cp-∂p-h-t{X- A-t±lw.- C-t∏mƒ- Hm-W-Øn-\v- A-td-_y-≥ a-W-em-c-Wy-ßfn¬-\n-∂pw- Zn¿-l-hpw- Zn-\m-dpw- dn-bm-ep-I-fp-am-bn- Bbn-c-°-W-°n-\v- tI-c-f-a-°ƒ- F-Øp-∂p.H-‰- hm-Iy-Øn¬- ]-d-™m¬- tI-c-fw- ]-≠v,- ]-≠v- Aßv- A-td-_y-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-!- am-\-h-kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-∏n≈

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

9


H-‰- hm-Iy-Øn¬- ]-d-™m¬tI-c-fw- ]-≠v,- ]-≠v- A-ßvA-td-_y-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p-!am-\h - - kw-kvI - m-cØ - n-s‚B-Zn-I-μw- A-hn-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p.- B-[p-\n-I- \-c-hw-i- imkv-{X-Pv-R-cpw- N-cn-{X-K-th-jI-cpw- C-Xn¬- H-cp- `m-Kw- kΩ-Xn-®p-I-gn-™p- ˛- B-{^n°-bn¬-\n-∂v- a-\p-jy-≥ B-Zyam-bn- I-S-s∂-Øn- H-cp- kw-kvIm-cØ - n-\v- Xp-S° - w- Ip-dn-®I-c- C-∂-sØ- A-d-_n-°-cbm-sW-∂v...-

C-S-bv-°n-S-bv-°p-≠m-bn-s°m≠n-cp-∂- A-Kv-\n-]¿-h-X kv-t^m-S-\-߃- \n-an-Ø-hpw,_-l-dn-≥ B-Zn-bm-b- ÿ-eß-fn-se- s]-t{Sm-fn-bw- D-d-hpIƒ- aq-e-hpw- A-∂-sØ- Ad-_n-Iƒ-°v- {]m-Ir-Xn-I- AKv-\n-bp-am-bp-≈- \n-Xy-]-cn-Nb-hpw- e-`n-®n-cp-∂p.- tem-IØn¬- B-Zy-am-bn- Ir-{Xn-aA-Kv-\n- \n¿-an-®-h¿- A-d-_nI-fm-Wv.- C-Xn-\v- Im-c-Ww{]m-Ir-Xn-I- A-Kv-\n-bp-am-bnA-h¿-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂- \n-Xy]-cn-Nb - h - p-am-Wv-

10

22 am¿®v 2014

B-Zn-I-μw- A-hn-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p.- B[p-\n-I- \-c-hw-i- im-kv-{X-Pv-R-cpwN-cn-{X-K-th-j-I-cpw- C-Xn¬- H-cp- `mKw- k-Ω-Xn-®p-I-gn-™p- ˛- B-{^n-°bn¬-\n-∂v- a-\p-jy-≥ B-Zy-am-bn- IS-s∂-Øn- H-cp- kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-\v- XpS-°w- Ip-dn-®- I-c- C-∂-sØ- A-d-_n°-c-bm-sW-∂v...tI-k-cn- _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈-bpsS- N-cn-{X-K-th-j-W-߃- ap-ºv- ]-cs°- A-h-K-Wn-°-s∏-´p.- kw-kv-Im-cØn-s‚- B-Zn- tI-{μ-sØ-bpw- B-Zn{]-f-b-sØ-bpw- A-td-_y-bn-se- BZn-`m-c-X-sØ-bpw- B-Zn- tI-c-f-sØbpw- Ip-dn-®p-≈- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- kn≤m-¥-߃- ]-t£- hm-bn-®p-X-≈p∂-Xn-t\m- sIm-≈p-∂-Xn-t\m- ]p-Xnb- Nn-¥-Iƒ-°v- {]-tNm-Z-\-am-°mt\m- ˛- F-¥n-\m-bm-epw- C-t∏mƒ- e`y-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.- Cw-•o-jn¬- tI-c-fk¿-h-I-em-im-e- {]-kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Ønb- t{]m-t´m-ln-kv-t‰m-dn-Iv- t{Im-tWmf-Pn- Hm-^v- sh-kv-‰v- G-jy,- tI-c-fkm-ln-Xy- A-°m-Z-an- {]-kn-≤-s∏-SpØn-b- N-cn-{X-Øn-s‚- A-Sn-th-cp-Iƒ°v- ]p-d-sa- a-e-bm-f-Øn¬- e-`y-amtb-S-tØm-fw- N-cn-{X-K-th-j-W- {]_-‘-߃- tN¿-Øv- \m-ev- thm-fyam-bn- tI-c-f- `m-jm- C-≥kv-‰n-‰yq-´v- {]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Øn-b- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- N-cn{X- K-th-j-W-߃...- In-g-°-\-td_y-bn¬-\n-∂v- A-Y-hm- kz¿-K-hpw-

]m-Xm-f-hp-am-b- ]p-¥n¬-\n-∂v,- G-Z≥ tXm-´-Øn¬-\n-∂v- tI-c-fo-b¿- a-cn°m-Ø- Hm¿-a-I-fp-am-bn,- `m-h-\-sIm≠v- k-º-∂-hpw- hn-I-kn-X-hp-am-bHm¿-a-I-fp-am-bn- C-∂-sØ- C-¥y-bnte-°v- {]-th-in-°p-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®p≈- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- K-th-j-W-Øn-te°v- H-cp- hn-l-K-ho-£-Ww...am-\-h-kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- B-ZntI-{μw- A-td-_y-X-s∂-bm-Im-\m-Wvkm-[y-X- F-∂v- I-gn-™- h¿-jw- Ata-cn-°-bn-se- P\nXI-im-kv-{X-PvR¿- Nq-≠n-°m-´p-I-bp-≠m-bn.- B{^n-°-bn¬-\n-∂pw- A-c-e-£-tØmfw- h¿-j-߃-°-∏p-d-Øp-X-s∂- Atd-_y-bn-te-°v- a-\p-jy-{]-bm-W-ap≠m-b-Xn-s‚- sX-fn-hp-I-fpw- B-{^n°-°v- ti-j-ap-≈- B-Zn- am-\-h- tI{μ-am-bn-cp-∂p- ]-iv-Nn-ta-jy- F-∂-Xns‚- sX-fn-hp-I-fpw- I-gn-™- h¿-jwA-ta-cn-°-≥ P\nXI-im-kv-{X-PvR¿- ]p-d-Øp-hn-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn (Atacn°≥ lyqa≥ tP¿-W¬- Hm^v- sP\‰nIvkv- 2012).- sX-°p-In-g-°≥ A-td-_y-- sX-°-≥ B-{^n-°-tbmSv- I-c-h-gn- X-s∂- H-´n-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂Xm-bn-cp-∂p.- \n-c-h-[n- A-·n-]¿-h-X߃- H-∂n-®v- s]m-´n-b-t∏m-gp-≠m-ba-lm-{]-f-b-Øn¬- A-td-_y-bpw- B{^n-°-bpw- th¿-s]-´p- ˛- A-Xm-b-XvA-h-sb- L-Sn-∏n-®- I-c-sb- I-S-se-Sp°p-I-bpw- ]-I-cw- t]¿-jy-≥ Dƒ-°-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


B¿°n-tbm-f-Pn-°¬ ssk‰v

S¬- D-¤-hn-°p-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp.- t]¿jy-≥ Dƒ-°-S¬- kr-„n-°-s∏-´,- AXv-em-¥n-Iv-kv- F-∂- I-c-\-„-s∏-´Cu- {]-f-b-a-t{X- ]p-cm-W-{]-kn-≤-amb- B-Zn-a-lm- {]-f-bw- F-∂-Xm-WvtI-k-cn-bp-sS- ]-£w.A-td-_y- kw-kv-Im-c-ß-fp-sS- amXr-`q-an-bm-b-Xn-\v- `u-Xn-I-am-b- Im-cW-߃- D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-Kv-\n-bpsS- I-≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-a-√,- A-Kv-\n-sb- hcp-Xn-bn-em-°p-∂-Xn-\p-≈- I-≠p-]nSp-Øw,- A-Kv-\n- kq-£n-®p-sh-°m\pw- A-Kv-\n- B-h-iy-ap-≈-t∏mƒ- D-ev]m-Zn-∏n-°m-\p-ap-≈- am¿-K-Øn-s‚I-≠p-]n-Sp-Øw- ˛- C-sX-√mw- A-td_y-bn-em-Wv- B-Zy-ap-≠m-b-sX-∂vtI-k-cn- hy-‡-am-°p-∂p."-"-]-≠v- k-Po-h-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂- A-Kv\n-]¿-h-X-ß-fp-sS- _m-lp-eyw- tlXp-hm-bn- A-∂-sØ- A-td-_y- h-fsc- ^-e-]p-„n-bp-≈- H-cp- cm-Py-am-bn`-hn-®n-cp-∂p.- Iq-Sm-sX- C-S-bv-°n-S-bv°p-≠m-bn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂- A-Kv-\n-]¿h-X- kv-t^m-S-\-߃- \n-an-Ø-hpw,_-l-dn-≥ B-Zn-bm-b- ÿ-e-ß-fn-ses]-t{Sm-fn-bw- D-d-hp-Iƒ- aq-e-hpw- A∂-sØ- A-d-_n-Iƒ-°v- {]m-Ir-Xn-IA-Kv-\n-bp-am-bp-≈- \n-Xy-]-cn-N-bhpw- e-`n-®n-cp-∂p.- tem-I-Øn¬- BZy-am-bn- Ir-{Xn-a- A-Kv-\n- \n¿-an-®-h¿A-d-_n-I-fm-Wv.- C-Xn-\v- Im-c-Ww{]m-Ir-Xn-I- A-Kv-\n-bp-am-bn- A-h¿-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂- \n-Xy-]-cn-N-b-hp-amWv-'-'.- F-∂v- tI-k-cn- F-gp-Xp-∂p.- _n.kn- B-dm-bn-c-Øn-\-Sp-Øv- A-td-_ybn¬- `-c-Ww- \-S-Øn-bn-cp-∂- cm-Pmhn-s\-bm-Wv- K-cpU- ]p-{X-\m-b- alm-hn-jv-Wp-sh-∂v- ]n¬-°m-e-Øvssl-μ-h-]p-cm-W-߃- hn-fn-®-Xv.B-Zy-am-bn- A-Kv-\n- I-S-s™-Sp-Ø-h≥ F-∂- A¿-Y-Øn¬- s{]m-a-nYyq-kvF-∂v- B- A-d-_n- cm-Pm-hn-\v- {Ko-°pIm¿- t]-cn-´p.- A-Kv-\n-bm-Wv- A-ar-Xw,hm-kv-X-h-Øn¬- ]m-em-gn- a-Y-\-I-Ybn-se- A-ar-Xhp-w- A-Kv-\n-b-t{X....A-Kv-\n- ]¿-h-X-߃- ]p-d-¥-≈n-b[m-Xp-°-fn¬-\n-∂m-Wv- am-\-h-kmwkv-Im-cn-I- ap-t∂-‰-Øn-s‚- A-Sp-Ø]-S-hv.- \-ho-\- in-em-bp-K-Øn-s‚- Ah-km-\-Øn¬- sN-ºn-s‚- I-≠p-]n-SpØw.- B-dm-bn-c-tØm-fw- sIm-√w- apºv- Cu-Pn-]v-Xn-epw- ]-iv-Nn-ta-jy-bnepw- sN-ºv- D-]-tbm-Kn-°m-≥ Xp-Sßn-b-Xm-bn- I-s≠-Øn-bn-´p-≠v.- XpS¿-∂v- C-cp-ºv- I-≠p-]n-Sn-®-Xpw- G-sd°p-sd- C-tX- ta-Je-bn¬-Ø-s∂.-tem-l-߃-sIm-≠v- B-bp-[- \n¿-amWw- Xp-S-ßn-b-tXm-sS- B-[p-\n-Ikw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- ]n-d-hn-bm-bn.In-g-°-≥ A-td-_y-bn-se- ]p¥n¬- B-Wv- sN-ºv- B-Zy-am-bn- D-]tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´-sX-∂pw- ]p-¥n-se- Hcp- tZ-i-am-b- H-am-≥- (A-Xv-em-¥n-kv{]-f-b-Øn¬- ap-ßn-Øm-W-t∏m-gp-

tI-c-f-Øn-se- kp-dn-bm\n- {In-kv-Xym-\n-Iƒ- h∂-Xpw- ]-g-b- ]p-¥n¬\n-∂m-Wv- ˛- A-ev-]w- Ign-™m-sW-∂p-am-{Xw.sa-Un-‰-td-\n-b-≥ {]-tZi-sØ- B-[p-\n-I- kndn-b-bn¬-\n-∂-√,- In-g°-≥ A-td-_y-bn-seB-Zn- kn-dn-b-bn-se- thcp-am-bm-Wh - ¿- F-Ønb-Xv.- Cu-g-h¿,- \m-b∑m¿,- \-ºq-Xn-cn-am¿- F∂n-h-cpƒ-s∏-´- B-Zy-Ime- hn-cp-∂p-Im-¿-°v- ]n-dsI- \-S-s∂-Øn-b-h-cmWv- ss{I-kv-X-h-cpw- apkvenwI-fpw- Pq-X-cp-sa√mw.- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- ho£-WØ - n¬- A-hs- c√mw- ]p-d-s∏-´-Xv- In-gt°- A-td-_y-bn¬- (CuPn-]v-jy-≥ sF-Xn-lyØn-se- ]p-¥v-)- \n-∂v- hyXy-kvX - - Im-eØ - v 22 am¿®v 2014

11


]›n-ta-jy-bn¬- \n-s∂Øn-b- ss{I-kv-X-h-cp-sSt\-Xm-hmb- Iv-\m-\m-bnsXm-Ω-s\- (C-t±-l-am-Wv{]-i-kv-X-\m-b- D-fn-b∂q¿- s]-cp-¥-®-≥ F-∂vtI-k-cn-)- X-s‚- a-cm-a-Øva-{¥n-bm-bn- \n-b-an-®N-{μ-h¿-a≥ - {In-kvX - p-aX - Øn¬- tN¿-∂-tXm-sS-bmWv- `q-X-s∏-cp-amƒ,- ]≈n_m-W-s]-cp-amƒ- F∂- t]-cp-I-fn¬- A-dn-bs∏-´-Xv

12

22 am¿®v 2014

≠m-b- H-am-≥ Dƒ-°-S-en-s‚- Xo-cw-)kw-kv-Ir-X-Øn¬- tæ-O-apJw- F-∂dn-b-s∏-´-Xv- sN-ºn-s‚- D-]-tbm-K-hpam-bn- _-‘-s∏-´-m-Wv.- H-am-s‚- t]-cmb- "-ta-ep-°-'- F-∂-Xn¬-\n-∂m-Wvkw-kv-Ir-X-Øn¬- "-tæ-O-'-ap-≠m-b-Xv.kp-ta-dn-b-≥ `m-j-bn¬- sN-ºn-s\- "k-hm-kv-'- F-∂v- hn-fn-°p-∂-Xv- ]p-¥ns‚- X-e-ÿm-\-am-b- "-k-`m-X-e-'-hpam-bn- _-‘-s∏-´m-sW-∂pw- tI-k-cnhm-Zn-°p-∂p.in-em-bp-[-߃-°v- ]-I-cw- B-Zyam-bn- tem-lw- D-]-tbm-Kn-°m-≥ Xp-Sßn- a-\p-jy- kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- ]Xm-Im- hm-l-I-cm-b-h-sc-bm-Wv- G-‰hpw- _-lp-am-\-]p-c- -cw- "-tæ-O-≥'F-∂v- B- hm-°p-Zv-`-hn-®- Im-e-Øvhn-ti-jn-∏n-®n-cp-∂-Xv.- ]n-∂o-Sv- A-]cn-jv-Ir-X¿- F-∂v- ]-cn-l-kn-°m-≥ A-tX- \m-aw- D-]-tbm-Kn-®-Xv- hn-h-ct°-Sm-sW-∂pw- tI-k-cn- ]-d-bp-∂p≠v.kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- B-Zn-tI-{μhpw- A-Kv-\n-]¿-h-X- kv-t^m-S-\-hpwkp-\m-an-bpw- aq-ew- _n-.kn- B-dm-bnc-Øn-\-Sp-Ø- Im-e-Øp-≠m-b- {]-fb-Øn¬- ap-ßn-t∏m-b-Xp-am-b- A-Xvem-¥n-kv- Zzo-]n-s\-°p-dn-®v- k-tem¨- F-∂- {Ko-°v- cm-Pm-hn-\v- Cu-Pn-]vXn¬-\n-∂v- a-\- n-em-°m-≥ I-gn-™Im-cy-߃- c-≠m-bn-c-Øn- \m-\q-dvh¿-jw- ap-ºv- πm-t‰m- Xn-sa-bq-kv- F∂- {KŸ-Øn¬- F-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≈-XvtI-k-cn- D-≤-cn-°p-∂p-≠v-:- "-"-sa-Un-‰td-\n-b-≥ I-S-en-s‚- ]-iv-Nn-a- Zzm-c-amb- Pn-{_mƒ-´-≥ I-S-en-Sp-°n-\p- k-ao]w- A-Xv-em-‚n-Iv- k-ap-{Z-Øn¬- ÿnXn- sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂- A-Xv-em-¥n-kv- Zzo-]v]-Xn-\m-bn-c-tØm-fw- h¿-jw- ap-ºvap-X¬-t°- tem-I-Øn-s‚- ]-cn-jv-Imc-tI-{μ-am-bn- ]-cn-e-kn-®n-cp-∂p.- C-Xv]n-∂o-Sv- s]-s´-∂v- I-S-en¬- Xm-Wpt]m-bn.- A-Xv-em-¥n-kv- Zzo-]n-se- Xma-k-°m¿- G-X-≥kv- H-gn-sI-bp-≈- a‰v- sa-Un-‰-td-\n-b-≥ {]-tZ-i-ß-sf-bmsI- Io-g-S-°n-bn-cp-∂p.- \o-e- \n-d-ap≈- h-kv-{X-߃- [-cn-®n-cp-∂- A-h¿X-ß-fp-sS- `-h-\-߃- I-dp-∏v,- Np-h∏v,- sh-fp-∏v- Xp-S-ßn-b- hn-hn-[- h¿-Wß-fn-ep-≈- I-√p-Iƒ- sIm-≠m-Wv\n¿-an-®n-cp-∂-Xv.- Im-b-ep-I-fpw- tXmSp-I-fpw- \n-d-™n-cp-∂- Cu- Zzo-]n-s‚X-e-ÿm-\-sØ- tIm-´-a-Xn-ep-IƒA-h-bn-ep-≈- "-"-H-cn-°¬-°v-'-'- I-jW-߃- \n-an-Øw- A-Kv-\n-Xp-eyw- {]Im-in-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p-'-'."-"-H-cn-°¬-°v-'-'- F-∂- ]-Z-Øn-\v- ae-bn¬- \n-s∂-Sp-Ø- sN-ºv- F-∂t{X- {Ko-°v- `m-j-bn¬- A¿-Yw.- A-td-

_y-bn¬- B-cw-`n-®- \-ho-\-in-em-bpK- ]-cn-jv-Im-c-sØ-bpw- sN-ºm-sW∂-dn-bm-sX- sN-ºv- D-]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ Xp-S-ßn-b-Xn-s\-bp-am-Wv- "-Xn-sabq-kv-'- ]-d-bp-∂-sX-∂v- tI-k-cnhymJym-\n-°p-∂p.- hm-kv-X-hØn¬- I-S-en¬- Xm-Wp-t]m-b- A-Xvem-¥n-kv- Zzo-]v- \n-∂n-cp-∂-Xv- C-∂sØ- H-am-≥ Dƒ-°-S-en-s‚- ÿm-\Øm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂m-Wv- tI-k-cn- ka¿-Yn-°p-∂-Xv.- H-am-≥ Dƒ-°S¬Dƒ-s∏sS t]¿-jy-≥ Dƒ-°-S¬- kr„n-°-s∏-´-Xpw- A-Xv-em-¥n-kn-s\ap-°n-b-Xp-am-b- {]-f-b-I-Y- ]m-emgn- a-Y-\w- F-∂- cq-]-I-Øn-eq-sS- `mc-Xo-b- ]p-cm-W-ß-fpw- C-kv-I-μ¿- ˛kp¬-Ip¿-s\-bn-s‚- {]-f-b-sa-∂vCu-Pn-]v-jy-≥ ]p-cm-W-ß-fpw- K-cpU-s‚- (A-Xm-b-Xv- hn-jv-Wp-hn-s‚]n-Xm-hn-s‚-)- {]-f-b-sa-∂v- {Ko-°pIm-cpw- hn-ti-jn-∏n-°p-∂p.]m¿-kn- ]p-cm-W- {K-Ÿ-ßn¬- ]-dbp-∂- ]q-Xn-Iv- I-S¬- t]¿-jy-≥ Dƒ-°-S-em-sW-∂pw- ]q-Xn-Iv- I-S-ens‚- Xo-c-sØ- \m-K-cn-I-X-bp-sS- tI{μw- ]q-Xv- A-Y-hm- ]p-¥v- B-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂pw- tI-k-cn- I-s≠-Øp∂p.{]m-No-\- Cu-Pn-]v-jy-≥ sF-Xnlyw- ]p-¥v- F-∂pw- ssN-\o-kv- sFXn-lyw- kz¿-K-sa-∂pw- E-tKz-Z-kwln-X- Zym-hm-]r-Yv-hn,- tcm-Z-kn,- tcmN-\,- c-P-ko- F-∂pw- ]p-cm-W-߃kpJw,- apJyw- F-∂pw -{Ko-°v- sFXn-lyw- tcm-tZ-kv- F-∂pw- A-d-_nsF-Xn-lyw- B-Zv- F-∂p-am-Wv]p¥n-s\- hn-fn-®-Xv.tZ-h-∑m-cp-sS- hm-k-ÿ-e-hpw- tZth-{μ-s‚- tI-{μ-hpw- F-∂v- `m-c-Xo-b]p-cm-W-߃- hn-fn-®- C-tX- ]p-¥ns\,- `m-c-Xo-b¿- B- ÿ-e-Øp-\n-∂vhn-´v- k-l-{km-–-߃-°p-ti-jwC-∂-sØ- C-¥y-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒcm-£-k-cp-sS- A-[n-hm-k- tI-{μ-ambpw- (]p-Wy-P-\-hm-k- tI-{μw-)- ]qXn- F-∂- \-c-I-am-bpw- hn-ti-jn-∏n°m-≥ Xp-S-ßn-sb-∂pw- tI-k-cn- \nco-£n-°p-∂p.- ss_-_n-fn-se- ]-g-b\n-b-a-Øn¬- hn-h-cn-°p-∂- lo-{_psF-Xn-lyw- G-Z-≥ F-∂p- hn-fn-°p∂-Xpw- ]p-¥n-s\-Ø-s∂...B-Zn- e-¶-bpw- B-Zn-bn-se- t{Sm-bv\-K-c-hpw- ]p-¥v- X-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p.tlm-a¿- a-lm-I-hn- h¿-Wn-°p-∂t{Sm-bv-\-K-cw,- C-∂-sØ- t{Sm-bv- \-Kc-a-√,- ]p-¥v- X-s∂-bm-Wv.- F-∂m¬hm-ev-ao-In- hn-h-cn-°p-∂- e-¶- ]p¥m-b- B-Zn-e-¶-b-√,- a-dn-®v- e-¶- KpP-dm-Øn-se-Øn-b- ti-j-ap-≈-Xm-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


Wv.- am-\-h-kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- a-s‰mcp- N-hn-´p-]-Sn-bm-b- kn-dn-b- "-iq¿-'- F∂- I-c-bp-I- (tcm-Z-kv-)- F-∂- A¿-YØn-ep-≈- [m-Xp-hn¬-\n-∂v- cq-]wsIm-≠- cm-{„- \m-a-am-sW-∂pwiq¿,- Kn-cn-b,- kn-dn-b-bm-b-Xm-sW∂pw- tI-k-cn- \n-co-£n-°p-∂p.]p-¥n-s‚- X-e-ÿm-\w- Xo-_v-kv\-K-c-am-bn-cp-∂p.- Cu- Xo-_v-kv- C-∂sØ- _-l-dn-≥ B-Wv.- k-`,- A¬-k`,- A-jv-j,- F-U- - F-∂o- t]-cp-Ifn-epw- Xo-_v-kv- B-b- _-l-dn-≥ A∂v- A-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂p.- ]-g-b- \n-b-aØn-se- G-Z-≥ tXm-´w- ]p-¥n-sePqw-_p- Zzo-]v- B-bn-cp-∂p.- A-hn-SpsØ- \-∑-Xn-∑-I-fp-sS- hr-£w- A-cbm¬- B-bn-cp-∂p.- A-c-bm¬- ]n-ev°m-e-Øp- {]n-b-s∏-´-Xm-Ip-∂-Xns‚- Im-c-Ww- km-aq-ly-m-t_m-[Øn¬- ]-Xn-™- \-∑-Xn-∑m- hr-£k-¶-ev-]-am-Imw.tI-c-f-Øn-se- kp-dn-bm-\n- {In-kvXym-\n-Iƒ- h-∂-Xpw- ]-g-b- ]p-¥n¬\n-∂m-Wv- ˛- A-ev-]w- I-gn-™m-sW∂p-am-{Xw.- sa-Un-‰-td-\n-b-≥ {]-tZ-isØ- B-[p-\n-I- kn-dn-b-bn¬-\n-∂√,- In-g-°-≥ A-td-_y-bn-se- B-Znkn-dn-b-bn-se- th-cp-am-bm-W-h¿- FØn-b-Xv.- Cu-g-h¿,- \m-b-∑m¿,- \-ºqXn-cn-am¿- F-∂n-h-cpƒ-s∏-´- B-Zy-Ime-hn-cp-∂p-Im-¿-°v- ]n-d-sI- \-S-s∂Øn-b-h-cm-Wv- ss{I-kv-X-h-cpw- apkvenwI-fpw- Pq-X-cp-sa-√mw.- tI-k-cnbp-sS- ho-£-W-Øn¬- A-h-sc-√mw]p-d-s∏-´-Xv- In-g-t°- A-td-_y-bn¬(Cu-Pn-]v-jy-≥ sF-Xn-ly-Øn-se]p-¥v-)- \n-∂v- hy-Xy-kv-X- Im-e-Øv.G-gmw- \q-‰m-≠n-s‚- A-h-km-\w- Ing-t°- A-td-_y-bn¬-\n-∂v- h-en-sbmcp- kw-L-tØm-sSm-∏w,- H-cp- tIm-f\n-bm-bn- F-Øn-b- Iv-\m-\m-bn- sXmΩ-≥ kp-dn-bm-\n- {In-kv-Xym-\n- k-aql-Øn-\v- C-hn-sS- A-ÿn-hm-c-ap-d-∏n®p.- F- Un- 671 tem- 672 tem- a-cn-®Ip-e-tiJ-c- s]-cp-am-fn-s‚- ]p-{X-\mb- N-{μ-h¿-Ω-≥ ]-≈n-_m-W-s∏-cpamƒ,- `q-Xcm-bs∏cp-amƒ-- F-∂o- t]cp-I-fn¬- A-dn-b-s∏-´p.- ]-iv-Nn-ta-jybn¬- \n-s∂-Øn-b- ss{I-kv-X-h-cpsS- t\-Xm-hm-b- Iv-\m-\m-bn- sXm-Ωs\- (C-t±-l-am-Wv- {]-i-kv-X-\m-b- Dfn-b-∂q¿- s]-cp-¥-®-≥ F-∂v- tI-kcn-)- X-s‚- a-cm-a-Øv- a-{¥n-bm-bn- \n-ban-®- N-{μ-h¿-a-≥ {In-kv-Xp-a-X-Øn¬tN¿-∂-tXm-sS-bm-Wv- `q-X-s∏-cpamƒ,- ]-≈n_m-W-s]-cp-amƒ- F-∂t]-cp-I-fn¬- A-dn-b-s∏-´-Xv.- (a-°Øp-t]m-b- s]-cp-amƒ- F-∂-dn-b-s∏-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

Sp-∂-Xv- F- Un- 94 ap-X¬- 978 h-sc- `cn-®- C-μp--t°m-X-h¿-a-≥ F-∂- as‰m-cp- ]-≈n- _m-W-s]-cp-am-ft{X...)- C-Xn¬- `q-X-s∏-cp-amƒ- F∂- \m-a-I-c-W-Øn¬- a-s‰m-c¿-Y-ap≠v.- `q-X¿- F-∂-Xv- "-]q-X¿-'- F-∂hm-°n-s‚- X-Zv-`-h-am-Wv.- ]p-¥n¬\n-∂v- h-∂-h-cm-Wv- ]q-X¿- F-∂pw]p-¥n¬- \n-∂p-h-∂-h-cp-sS- a-XØn¬- tN¿-∂-p F-∂- A¿-Y-Ønem-Wv- `q-X-s∏-cp-amƒ- F-∂p- hn-fn®-sX-∂pw- tI-k-cn- A-`n-{]m-b-s∏Sp-∂p.- C-kvemw- a-X-Øn-s‚- D-Zv-`-hIm-e-Øv- JØ- (A-d-_n-°-c-)- dn¬A-©v- sa-{Xm-k-\-߃- D-≠m-bn-cp∂-Xm-bn- ]-d-bp-∂p.- JØ¿- ]p-¥ns‚- H-cp- `m-K-hp-am-Wv.- `m-c-X-Ønse- ]p-cm-W- {]-kn-≤-cm-b- ssZ-hß-fpw- b-h-\-]p-cm-W-Øn-se- tZho-tZ-h-∑m-cp-sa-√mw- ]p-¥n-se- ]-gb- cm-Pm-°-∑m-cpw- t\-Xm-°-fpw- c‡-km-£n-I-fp-am-sW-∂v- tI-k-cnhn-i-Z-am-bn- hn-h-cn-°p-∂p-≠v-;- C-gIo-dn- Im-Wn-°m-≥ {i-an-°p-∂p-≠v.sk-bq-kv,- I-Zv-a-kv- F-∂n-h¿- hn-jvWp-hpw-, bq-tdm-∏- e-£v-an-bpw,- \n\-kv- in-h-\pw,- sl¿-°p-en-kv- {_lv-am-hpw-, ^o-\n-Iv-kv- K-cp-U-\pwF-∂n-ß-s\...kp-ta-dn-b-≥ \m-K-cn-I-X-bp-sS- DZv-`-h-ÿm-\-am-b- Zn¬-ap-≥ JØ-dnse- _-Um-\-K-c-am-sW-∂v- tI-k-cn]-d-bp-∂p.- ]p-¥n-s‚- ]-Sn-™m-td`m-K-am-b- _-l-dn-\n-e-√,- In-g-t°`m-K-am-b- JØ-dn-em-Wv- Zn¬-ap-≥.A-Kv-\n-bp-sS- P-∑-ÿ-ew- F-∂-t{XZn¬-ap-≥ F-∂-Xn-\v- kp-ta-dn-b-≥ `m-j-bn¬- A¿-Yw.-- _-l-dn-\n-seB-Zn-Xo-_v-kv- \-K-c-am-Wv- B-Zn-\nt\m-h.-- A-hn-sS- \n-∂m-Wv- Iv-\m-\mb- sXm-Ω-≥ ss{I-kv-X-h- kw-Lhp-am-bn- tI-c-f-Øn-se-Øn-b-Xv.{]m-No-\- Cu-Pn-]v-Xn-se,- A-Xmb-Xv- In-g-°-≥ A-td-_y-bn-se- ]-cnjv-Im-cw- G-dn-b- Iq-dpw- sk-ssa-‰vhw-i-P-cp-sS- h-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw- tI-k-cn- A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p≠v.- Xm-{a-in-em-bp-K- Im-e-Øv- ]-ivNn-ta-jy-bn¬- ]m¿-Øn-cp-∂- skssa-‰p-I-fp-sS- k-¥-Xn-I-fm-Wv- CuPn-]v-Xp-Im¿,- ^n-\o-jy¿,- {Zm-hnU¿,- an-\y¿,- _-Zp-h-≥ A-d-_nIƒ,- ssk-‘-h- ]-cn-jv-Im-c-Im-esØ- kn-‘p-\n-hm-kn-Iƒ- F-∂nh¿- F-∂m-Wv- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- hn-i-ZoI-c-Ww.B-Zn-`m-c-X-hpw- B-Zn- sIm-¶-Whpw- A-Xn¬- Dƒ-s∏-´- B-Zn- tI-c-f-

`m-cX - Ø - n-se- ]p-cm-W{]-kn-≤-cm-b- ssZ-h-ßfpw- b-h-\-]p-cm-W-Ønse- tZ-ho-tZ-h-∑m-cp-sa-√mw]p-¥n-se- ]-g-b- cm-Pm°-∑m-cpw- t\-Xm-°f- pwc-‡k - m-£n-If- p-am-sW∂v- tI-k-cn- hn-i-Z-am-bnhn-hc- n-°p-∂p-≠v;- - C-gI - odn- Im-Wn-°m-≥ {i-an-°p∂p-≠v.- sk-bq-kv,- I-Zv-akv- F-∂n-h¿- hn-jv-Wphpw,- bq-tdm-∏- e-£v-anbpw-, \n-\-kv- in-h-\pw,sl¿-°p-en-kv- {_-lva- mhpw- ^o-\n-Iv-kv- K-cp-U\pw- F-∂n-ß-s\

hpw- ]-iv-Nn-ta-jy-bn¬-\n-∂v- a-μw- aμw- \-S-s∂-Øn-b-Xm-sW-∂- tI-{μ\n-co-£-W-Øn-s\m-∏w- tI-c-fo-bcn¬- a-lm-`q-cn-]-£-hpw- sk-ssa-‰vk-¥-Xn- ]-c-º-c-bm-sW-∂- A-`n-{]mb-hpw- _m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈- ]p-d-s∏Sp-hn-®n-´p-≠v.- _n.- kn- 6246 se- ]p-cmW- {]-kn-≤-am-b- B-Zn-{]-f-b-Øn-\v(K-cp-U-s‚- {]-f-bw-)- A-c-k-l-{km–-Øn-\p-ti-jw,- {]-f-b-Øn¬- Xmgv-∂p-t]m-b-Xpw- N-Xp-∏m-bn- \n-e-\n∂-Xp-am-b- H-cp- {]-tZ-i-sØ- ho-≠pwA-[n-hm-k- ˛- Im¿-jn-I- tbm-Ky-am°n-b- P-\-X-bp-sS- t\-Xm-hm-Wv- ]-cip-cm-a- K-tW-i-≥ (]-c-ip-cm-a-\pw- KW-]-Xn-bpw- H-tc-bmƒ- X-s∂-bmsW-∂pw- ]n-≈- A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p≠v-)- F-∂-Xm-Wv- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- kn≤m-¥w.- C-∂-sØ- JØ-dn-s‚- sX°p-≈- `m-K-am-Wv- C-ß-s\- ho-s≠Sp-°-s∏-´-X-s{X.- tdm-an-se- A-Y-hmC-‰-en-bn-se- ]p-cm-W-I-Y-I-fn¬- inh-\v- tIc≥ F-∂- \m-a-tY-bw- D-≈Xm-bpw- tI-c-s‚- ]p-{X-≥ F-∂- A¿Y-Øn¬- ]-c-ip-cm-a-\v- tI-c-f-≥ F∂v- t]-cp-≠m-sb-∂pw- (kp-ta-dn-b-≥

22 am¿®v 2014

13


tI-cf- o-bc- pw- sX-ep-¶c- pwZ-£n-W- H-Uo-j-°m-cpw- Dƒs∏-´- sk-ssa-‰v- _-‘-ap-≈P-\X - ° - pw- A-d_ - n-Iƒ-°pwX-Ωn¬- B-Nm-c-th-jm-Zn-I-fnepw- kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-epw- I-ebn-epw- Iq-Sn- {]m-No-\- Im-eØv- _-‘a- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.tI-c-fo-b-cp-sS- C-S-bv-°p-≠mbn-cp-∂- a-cp-a° - Ø - m-bh - pw_-lp-`¿-Xr-Xz-hpw- `-{Z-Im-fn]q-P-bpw- `-K-h-Xn- ]q-P-bpw]q¿-h- A-d-_n-I-fp-sS- C-S-bv°pw- {]-N-cn-®n-cp-∂p.- tI-c-fob-cp-sS- ap-≥ Ip-Sp-a-t]m-se_-Zp-hn-≥ A-d_ - n-Iƒ-°pwap-≥ c Ip-Sp-ab - p-≠m-bn-cp∂p

14

22 am¿®v 2014

`m-j-bn¬- "-tI-c-˛-eq-'- F-∂m¬- tIc-]p-{X-≥,- tI-c-s‚- Bƒ- F-∂vA¿-Yw-)- tI-c-f-s‚- t\-Xr-XzØn¬- ho-s≠-Sp-°-s∏-´-Xn-\m¬- "tI-c-fw-'- F-∂- t]-cp-≠m-sb-∂pw(JØ-dn-\v-)- tI-k-cn- hn-h-cn-°p∂p.a-gp-sh-dn-™pw- ap-dw- Im-Wn-®pwI-S-en-s\- "-Xp-c-Øn-'- tI-c-fw- hos≠-Sp-Øp-sh-∂v- ]n-ev-°m-e-ØvsF-Xn-lyw- ]-S-bv-°-s∏-Sm-\n-S-bm°n-b- b-Ym¿-Y- kw-`-hw- ta¬- ]-d™-X-t{X.- kp-∏w- (kp¿-∏w- A-Yhm-- iq¿-∏w-)- F-∂- ap-dw- Im-Wn-®vc-≠v- X-h-W- I-S-en-s\- Hm-Sn-®- ]-cip-cm-a-K-tW-i-≥ aq-∂m-a-Xpw- kp∏w- I-S-en-\p-ta-se- ho-im-≥ Xp-Sßn-b-t∏mƒ- P-e-tZ-h-≥ I-c-b-s‚(Nn-X-en-s‚-)- cq-]-Øn¬- F-ØnA-Xv- Im¿-∂p-Xn-∂p-sh-∂pw- AXp-sIm-≠v- A-h-ti-jn-®- I-S¬- c£-s∏-´p-sh-∂pw- a-s‰m-cp- I-Y- {]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bpwB-Zn- sIm-¶-W-am-b- -"iq¿-∏m-c-I-'Øn-s‚- t]-cv- "-kp-∏- kw-`-h-'-Øn¬\n-∂pw- tI-c-f-Øn-s‚- t]-cv- "-I-c-b\n¬-'- \n-∂pw- D-≠m-sb-∂- sF-Xnly-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xm-bpw- tI-k-cnhy-‡-am-°p-∂p-≠v.tI-c-fw- Dƒ-s∏-´- B-Zn- sIm-¶Ww- F-hn-sS-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂vtI-k-cn- h-c-®p-Im-´p-∂p-≠v.- F-Æm-bn-cw- h¿-jw- ap-º-sØ- sIm-¶Ww- t]¿-jy-≥ Dƒ-°-S-en-s‚- ]q¿h-Xo-c-sØ- A-d-_n-°-c-bpw- A-Xns\- sXm-´p-In-S-°p-∂- H-a-\pw- Bbn-cp-∂p.- Xp-S¿-∂v- A-Xv- sXm-´-SpØv- A-d-_n-ÿm-≥,- ^m¿-kv,- emdn-kv-Ym-≥ F-∂- C-∂-sØ- C-dm-\nse- Nn-e- {]-hn-iy-Iƒ- tN¿-∂- ÿe-Øm-bn.-- aq-∂m-a-Xm-bn- A-^v-Km\n-ÿm-≥,- _-eq-Nn-ÿm-≥,- kn-μvF-∂n-h- tN¿-∂- {]-tZ-i-Øm-bn.A-Sp-Ø- N-hn-´p-]-Sn-bm-Wv- C-∂sØ- `m-c-X-Øn-se- ]-iv-Nn-a-Xo-c-{]tZ-i-߃.tI-c-fo-b-cpw- sX-ep-¶-cpw- Z-£nW- H-Uo-j-°m-cpw- Dƒ-s∏-´- skssa-‰v- _-‘-ap-≈- P-\-X-°pw- A-d_n-Iƒ-°pw- X-Ωn¬- B-Nm-c-thjm-Zn-I-fn-epw- kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-epwI-e-bn-epw- Iq-Sn- {]m-No-\- Im-eØv- _-‘-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- tI-c-fob-cp-sS- C-S-bv-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂- a-cp-a°-Øm-b-hpw- _-lp-`¿-Xr-Xz-hpw`-{Z-Im-fn- ]q-P-bpw- `-K-h-Xn- ]q-Pbpw- ]q¿-h- ap-kvenw- A-d-_n-I-fpsS- C-S-bv-°pw- {]-N-cn-®n-cp-∂p.- tI-

c-fo-b-cp-sS- ap-≥ Ip-Sp-a-t]m-se- _-Zphn-≥ A-d-_n-Iƒ-°pw- ap-≥Ip-Sp-abp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.{]m-No-\- Cu-Pn-]v-jy-cpw- {]m-No-\A-d-_n-I-fpw- {]m-No-\- sIm-¶-W-cpw(tI-c-fo-b-cpw-)- B-¨- ˛- s]-¨- hyXym-k-an-√m-sX- I-Æn¬- I-cn-sb-gpXp-I- (I-¨-a-jn-bn-Sp-I-)- ]-Xn-hm-bncp-∂p.- "-"-kw-Ko-Xw,- \r-Øw,- Aw-K-Nn{X-c-N-\,- {]-Xn-am-in-ev-]w,- sIm-Øp]-Wn- F-∂n-h-bn¬- Pm-Xym-ep-≈hm-k-\-bpw- km-ln-Xyw,- `q-`m-K- Nn{X-c-N-\,- hm-kv-Xp-in-ev-]w,- X-Xz-imkv-{Xw,- k-b-≥kv,- Ir-jn,- hm-WnPyw,- ]m-N-I- im-kv-{Xw- F-∂n-hbn¬- Pm-Xym-ep-≈- D-Zm-ko-\-X-bpw]u-cm-Wn-I- A-d-_n-I-fn-epw- ]u-cmWn-I- sIm-¶-W-cn-epw- H-∂p-t]m-seIm-Wm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.- s\m-º-c-s∏-SpØp-∂- ^-en-X-Øn¬- k-a¿-Y-cmsW-¶n-epw- b-Ym¿-Y- lm-k-cw-Kw- Ccp-Iq-´-cn-epw- Ip-d-hm-Wv.- ]m-c-{Xn-IkpJm¿-Yw- sF-ln-I- kpJ-sØ- _en-I-gn-°m-\p-≈- k-∂-≤-X- C-cp-Iq´-cn-epw- Zr-iy-am-Wv.- A-Xn-Yn- k¬°m-c-io-ew,- kzm-X-{¥y-tam-lw,- ]-cn{i-a-io-e-°p-d-hv,- £n-{]-t£m-`-ioew,- Ip-Sn-∏-I,- e-Lp-Po-hn-X-co-Xn,- Kdn-√m-bp-≤- km-a¿-Yyw- F-∂n-h- H-cpt]m-se- C-cp-Iq-´-cn-epw- Iq-Sn-s°m≠n-cp-∂p'-'- F-∂v- Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂tI-k-cn- sF-Xn-ly-ß-fn-se- k-am-\X-bpw- F-Sp-Øp-]-d-bp-∂p-≠v.tI-c-fo-b-cpw- B-{‘-cpw- sX-°-≥ H-do-k-°m-cpw- A-S-ßn-b- \-c-hw-iw_-Zp-hn-≥ sk-ssa-‰v- A-d-_n-I-fm-bsa-Un-‰-td-\n-b-≥ \-c-hw-i-°m-cmsW-∂pw- Cu-Pn-]v-Xy-≥ \m-K-cn-I-Xbp-≠m-°n-b- {]m-No-\- Cu-Pn-]v-XpIm¿- C-h-cp-sS- k-tlm-Z-c-ß-fm-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂p-am-Wv- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- Is≠-ج.- C-¥y-bn-se- B-Zn-a- \nhm-kn-Iƒ-°v- ]p-d-sa-bp-≈-h¿_n.-kn- B-dm-bn-c-Øn-\-Sp-Øv- In-g°-≥ A-td-_y-bm-b- ]p-¥n¬- C-∂sØ- Xp-¿-°n-I-fp-sS- ]q¿-hn-I-cm-bkp-ta-cn-b-∑m-cp-am-bn A-b¬-°m-cmbm-Wv- Xm-a-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv._n. kn- 6246 \v- ap-ºv- H-cp- c-≠m--bncw- kw-h-’-c-ß-tfm-fw- A-hn-sS- \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂- kw-kv-Im-cw- sk-ssa-‰vkw-kv-Im-c-am-bn-cp-∂p.- sk-ssa-‰vkw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- £-b-Im-e-ØmWv- kp-ta-dn-b-≥ \m-K-cn-I-X-bp-sS- DZv-`-hw.- kp-ta-dn-b-≥ \m-K-cn-I-X-sbbm-Wv- `m-c-X-Øn-se- ]p-cm-W-߃B¿-j-kw-kv-Im-cw- F-∂v- hn-fn-°p∂-Xv.- kp-ta-dn-b-≥,- sk-ssa-‰v,- \n-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


jm-Z- kw-kv-Im-c-ß-fp-sS- Im-e-h¿jw- sIm-≠v- P-\n-®- k-¶-c-h¿-K-amWv- C-∂-sØ- C-¥y-≥ P-\-X- ˛- AXn¬- sk-ssa-‰v- Aw-i-߃- A-[n-Iam-bpw- hn-i-Z-am-bpw- Dƒ-s°m-≠n-´p≈-Xm-Wv- C-∂-sØ- tI-c-fo-b¿-.- a-ebm-fw- D-Zv-`-hn-®- aq-e-{Zm-hn-U- `m-jbpw- Cu-Pn-]v-jy-≥ `m-j-bpw- A--_nko-\n-b-≥ `m-j-I-fpw- sk-an-‰n-Ivss]-Xr-I-ap-≈-h-bm-sW-∂- A-`n{]m-b-hpw- tI-k-cn-°p-≠v.tI-c-fw- I-gn-™m¬- G-‰-hp-a-[nIw- sk-an-‰n-Iv- Aw-i-ß-f-S-ßn-bkw-kv-Im-c-am-Wv- X-an-gv-kw-kv-Im-csa-¶n-epw- tI-c-fo-b- kw-kv-Im-c-Ønep-≈-{X- au-en-I-am-b- sk-an-‰n-IvL-S-I-߃- X-an-gv-kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-en√.- am¿-K-Øn¬- sN-ep-Øp-∂- {i-≤tb-°mƒ- A-[n-Iw- {i-≤- D-t±-iyØn¬- sN-ep-Øp-∂- au-en-I-am-bsk-ssa-‰v- kz-`m-h-L-S-Iw- tI-c-fo-bcp-sS- {]-Ir-Xn-bn-epw- C-Xn-\v- t\-sca-dn-®p-≈- kp-ta-dn-b-≥ kz-`m-h-L-SIw- X-an-g-cp-sS- {]-Ir-Xn-bn-epw- ImWp-∂p.- B-{‘-°m-cn¬-\n-∂m-I-s´Im-e-{I-a-Øn¬- sk-an-‰n-Iv- Aw-i߃- tNm-cp-I-bpw- kp-ta-dn-b-≥ LS-I-߃- s]m-¥n-\n¬-°p-I-bpw- sNøp-∂p-sh-∂-Xm-Wv- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- \nco-£-Ww.\-c-hw-i- im-kv-{X-Pv-R-sc- D-≤-cn®p-sIm-≠p-Iq-Sn- tI-c-fo-b¿-°v- X-an-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

g-tcm-S-√,- sX-ep-¶-tcm-Sm-Wv- km-Zriy-sa-∂v- tI-k-cn- hn-e-bn-cp-Øp-∂p."-X-\n- Zo¿-L-io¿-j-hpw- Xpw-K-\m-knI-bpw- a-[y-a-s]m-°-hpw- X-hn-´p-\n-dhp-ap-≈- tI-c-fo-b-cpw,- sX-ep-¶-cpwDƒ-s∏-´- \-c-hw-i-Øn-\pw- "-C-t¥mB-{^n-°m-\-kv- F-Øn-tbm-]n-°-kv'- F-∂- hw-i-Øn¬- Dƒ-s∏-Sp-∂-Xmbn- \-c-hw-i-im-kv-{X-Pv-R¿- ]-d-bp∂- {]m-No-\- Cu-Pn-]v-Xp-Im¿-°pwA-d-_n-Iƒ-°pw- km-Zr-iy-ap-≠v.A-td-_y-bn-se- J-Ø¿- D-]-Zzo-]nem-Wv- B-Zn-tI-c-fw- F-∂-Xm-Wv- tIk-cn- "-Ir-Xy-'-am-bn- ]-d-bp-∂-Xv.- A-hnsS- ]-c-ip-cm-a-≥ kp-ta-dn-b-≥am-cm-b\-ºq-Xn-cn-am-sc- ]p-tcm-ln-X-∑m-sc∂- t]-cn¬- sIm-≠p-h-∂v- A-h-tcm[n-®-t∏mƒ- {]-Xn-tj-[-ap-b¿-Øp-Ibpw- I-e-l-ap-≠m-°p-I-bpw- sN-bvX-Xv- tI-c-fo-b- ]q¿-hn-I-cm-b- \m-K∑m¿- A-Y-hm- kn-Xn-b-∑m-cm-sW∂pw- A-h¿- sk-ssa-‰p-I-fm-sW∂pw- A-Xp-kw-_-‘n-®- sF-Xn-lysØ- tI-k-cn- hym-Jym-\n-°p-∂p.In-g-t°- A-td-_y-bn¬-\n-∂v- sak-s∏m-t´m-an-b,- t]¿-jy,- A-^v-Km\n-ÿm-≥ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-eq-sS- k©-cn-s®-Øn-b- B-Zn-tI-c-f-Øn-\vC-¥y-bn¬-Ø-s∂- B-dv- tI-{μ-ßfp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.- A-Xm-b-Xv- C-¥ybn¬- B-dv- tI-c-f-߃.- Z-£n-W- ]©m-ew,- kn-μv,- am-e-tZ-iw- (cm-P-]p-

´m-W-),- A-]-cm-μ-Iw- (\¿-a-Z- ˛- `o-a\-Zn-Iƒ-°n-S-bn¬-),- sIm-¶-Ww(`o-a- ˛- tKm-I¿-Ww-),- tKm-I¿-WØn¬-\n-∂p- Xp-S-ßn- I-\ym-Ipam-cn- h-sc- \o-fp-∂- B-[p-\n-ItI-c-fw- F-∂n-ß-s\.- C-ß-s\k-©-cn-s®-Øn-b- tI-c-f- P-\-Xbp-sS- ]n-d-sI- ho-≠pw- {]-bm-Wß-fp-≠m-bn.- In-g-t°- A-td-_ybn¬- \n-∂p-X-s∂- {]-bm-W߃,- s]-cp-amƒ- hm-gv-N-°m-eØv- {In-kv-Xp-hn-\p-ti-j-ap-≈- BZn-k-l-{km-–-Øn-s‚- a-[y-L-´Øn¬- ss{I-kv-X-h-cpw- apkvenwI-fpw- Pq-X-cpw- F-√mw.- BZyw- h-∂-h-cn¬-s∏-´- \m-b-co-g-hmZn-Iƒ-°pw- sXm-´p-]n-∂m-se- h∂- ss{I-kv-X-h- ˛- C-kvemw- ˛- PqX- k-ap-Zm-bmw-K-߃-°pw- B-Znbn¬- H-tc- km¿-h-tZ-io-b- kmw-kvIm-cn-I- ap-J-am-Wp-≠m-bn-cp-∂sX-∂pw- a-Xw- am-‰-߃- kmw-kvIm-cn-I- `n-∂-X-bp-≠m-°n-bn-s√∂pw- tI-k-cn- ]-d-bp-∂p.- F∂m¬- "-"-km¿-h-tZ-io-b-Xzw- F-∂{]m-No-\- kw-kv-Im-c-ß-fp-sS- auen-I-am-b- B-i-b-sØ- ]-cn-Xy-Pn®v- tZ-io-b-Xz-sa-∂-Xn-s‚- _o-P߃- sh-≈-sØm-en-°v- sN-a-∂Xpw- I-dp-Ø-Xp-am-b- sXm-en-I-tf°mƒ- A-[n-Iw- a-ln-a-bp-s≠-∂p≈- t_m-[w,- `n-∂n-∏n-®p- `-cn-°p-

22 am¿®v 2014

15


I- F-∂p-≈- cm-{„o-b- \-bw,- ap-Xem-b- L-S-I-߃- A-S-ßn-b- H-cphn-`n-∂- kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚- hm-lI-cm-b- t]m¿-Øp-Ko-kp-Im¿- kp-{]kn-≤-am-b- D-Z-bw-t]-cq¿- kp-∂-ltZm-kn-se- \n-iv-N-b-߃- ap-tJ-\tI-c-f-Øn-se- ln-μp-°-sf-bpw- {In-

kv-Xym-\n-I-sf-bpw- ap-kvenwI-sfbpw- Pq-X-∑m-sc-bpw- X-Ωn¬-ØΩn¬- th¿-Xn-cn-°p-I-bpw,- A-hcn¬- X-ß-fp-sS- tZ-io-b-Xz-Øn-s‚H-cp- cq-]-t`-Z-am-b- h¿-Ko-b-Xz-sa-∂B-i-bw- Ip-Øn-sh-°p-I-bpw- sNøp-I-bp-≠m-bn.- C-Xp-Iq-Sn-bm-b-

BZn kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ Dd-hnSw Atd_y

t∏mƒ- (t]m¿-Øp-Ko-kp-Im-cp-sS- h-chv-)- A-h-cp-sS- B-K-a-\- Im-e-Øp-Xs∂- C-d-°w- Xp-S-ßn-bn-cp-∂- tI-c-fob- kw-kv-Im-cw- ]q¿-hm-[n-Iw- th-KØn¬- C-d-ßp-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp-'-'- ˛- F∂m-Wv- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- A-`n-{]m-bw.-

2

tIkcn-bp-sS

Ncn-{X KthjWwtZ

io-bXsb°p-dn-®p-≈ Zpc`n-am-\sØ AYhm- tZio-tbm∑m-ZsØ- ]n-®n-®o-¥p-I-bpw- h-kp-ss[-hIp-Spw-_-Iw- F-∂- X-Xz-am-Wv- N-cn{X-k-Xy-sa-∂v- ÿm-]n-°p-I-bp-amWv- tI-k-cn-bp-sS- N-cn-{X-K-th-j-Wß-fp-sS- Bs-I-Øp-I.- N-cn-{Xm-Xo-XIm-e- N-cn-{X-sØ- sk-tŒ-dn-b-≥ Imgv-N-∏m-Sn-eq-sS- Im-Wp-∂-Xn-\pw- i-Ien-X-am-bn- Im-Wp-∂-Xn-\pw- ]-I-cwkm-I-tey-\- th-Ww- Im-Wm-≥ F∂m-Wv- tI-k-cn- A-\p-im-kn-®-Xv.'' im-kv-{Xo-b- N-cn-{X-Øn-s‚- h-‡m°-sf-∂-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂- am-Iv-kv-ap-

16

22 am¿®v 2014

≈-sd-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿- B-cy-hw-i-Øn-\v- P-∑-kn-≤-amb- ta-[m-hn-Xz-ap-s≠-∂v- hm-Zn-°p-tºmƒ- "-A-im-kv{Xo-b¿'- F-∂v- im-kv-{Xo-b- N-cn-{X-Im-c-∑-m¿- Xn-ckvIcn-°p-∂ sP.Pn- t{^ksdbpw- F^v-.C ]¿-Pn‰sdbpw- F®v-.Pn- sh¬-kn-s\bpw- t]m-sebp-≈h¿am-\h kw-kv-Im-cØn-s‚ GI ss]Xr-IsØ AYhm- GI am-Xr-IsØ°p-dn-®v- ]dbp-∂p.- hw-iobXbpw- k¶p-Nn-X tZio-bXbp-am-Wv- tem-Iwt\cn-Sp-∂ G‰hpw- hen-b hn-\Isf∂pw- B hn\Iƒ-°m-[m-cam-b Zp-c`n-am-\t_m-[w- Akw-_‘-am-sW-∂v- sX-fn-bn-®m-te- am-\-ssh-Iyw- bm-Ym¿∞y-am-Iq- F-∂pw- A-Xn-\m-Wv- Xm-≥ k-hn-ti-j- coXn-bn¬- N-cn-{X-K-th-j-Ww- \-S-Øp-∂-sX-∂p-am-WvtI-k-cn- ]-d-™-Xv.- j-jv-Sn-]q¿-Øn- {]-kw-K-Øn-¬A-t±-lw- ]-d-™p-:- "-F-s‚- {]-tXy-I-X-cw- K-th-j-WsØ-∏-‰n- \-Ωp-sS- k¿-h-I-em-im-e-I-fn-se- "-im-kv{Xo-b-'- N-cn-{X- K-th-j-I¿-°v- ]-c-a-am-b- ]p-O-am-Wp≈-Xv.- ]p-cm-W-ß-fn-se- A-im-kv-{Xo-b-ß-fm-b- apØ-»n-°-Y-I-sf- B-kv-]-Zn-®v- "-hm-b-°v- tXm-∂n-b-XvtIm-X-bv-°v- ]m-´v-'- F-∂- a-´n¬- ]-e- A-kw-_-‘-ßfpw- F-gp-Xn-hn-Sp-∂- H-cp- ap-gp-°n-dp-°-\m-Wv- Rm-s\∂v- C-h¿- hn-Nm-cn-®p-h-cp-∂p.tæ-Nv-O-a-m-b Ad_n-Ifp-sS C∂se Ip-cp-Ø kwkv-Im-csØ,- kz-bw-`q-hpw- k\m-X\hpw- tem-tIm¤htØm-sSm-∂n-®p-Zn-®Xp-am-b B¿-jkw-kv-ImcØn-s‚ P\\n-bm-°n- `m-cXsØ A]am-\n-°p-∂ Hcp- sIm-Spw- cm-Py-t{Zm-ln-bm-bn- Chcn¬- tZiobhm-Zn-Ifm-b ]fin-X∑m¿- Fs∂ ]cn-KWn-®phcp-∂p.A-Zr-jv-S-]q¿-h-am-b- Im-cy-߃- Im-Wp-∂p-h-s\In-dp-°-s\-∂v- t]-cn-Sp-∂-Xv- ]-t≠- a-\p-jy-cp-sS- H-cpkz-`m-h-am-Wv.- F-s‚- ap-Ø-»n-°-Ym-t{]-aw- G-jy-bnse- Hm-tcm- cm-Py-Øn-epw- \n-h-kn-°p-∂- ]-e- a-X°m-cp-sS-bpw- ]-e- \-c-hw-i-°m-cp-sS-bpw- C-S-bv-°v- ]c-kv-]-cw- tbm-Pn-∏pw- ku-lm¿-Z-hpw- h-f¿-Øp-∂-Xm-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


Wv.- G-jy-bn-se- Hm-tcm- cm-Py-°m-cpsS-bpw- C-S-bv-°v- X-ß-fp-sS- kz-¥wkw-kv-Im-csØ°p-dn-®p-≈ t{ijvTXz-t_m-[w- Fs‚ KthjWw- \in∏n-°pw.- CXn-s‚ ^eam-bn- InSa’cw- ssIshSn-™v- Ncn-{Xm-Xo-X Im-eØp-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xp-t]m-sebp≈ Hcp- GI Gjy≥- kw-kv-Im-cwsI´n-∏Sp-°p-∂Xn¬- Gjym- \n-hmkn-Iƒ- {i≤n-°p-∂Xp-am-Wv''.- AXmbXv- e£y-tØm-sSbp-≈ In-dp-°mbn-cp-∂p- tIkcn-bp-tSXv.Ncn-{Xm-Xo-XIm-e Ncn-{XØnte°v- shfn-®w- ho-iWsa¶n¬- ImeKW\ {][m-\am-Wv.- {]m-No-\ImeØv- \n-e\n-∂n-cp-∂ Im-eKW\mco-Xn-Iƒ- lr-Zn-ÿam-°n-b _m-eIrjv-W]n-≈ ]≠v- _m-_n-tem-Wnbbn¬- \n-e\n-∂n-cp-∂ Iev-]KWnXsØ bp-‡n-]q¿-hw- ]cn-jv-Icn-®vHcp- kn≤m-¥w- Bhn-jv-Icn-®p.FÆm-bn-cw- h¿-j߃-°∏p-dØp≠m-b alm-{]fbhp-am-bn_‘s∏Sp-Øn-bm-Wv- Iev-]KWnXkn-≤m-¥w- Bhn-jv-Icn-®Xv.- h¿jw- Im-esØbpw- ÿesØbpw{]Xn-\n-[m-\w- sNøp-∂p.- {]fbwk¿-h\m-iØn-s\∂t]m-se ]p-Xn-b kw-kv-Im-cßfp-sS Bhn¿-`m-hØn\pw- Im-cWam-bn.hn-jp-hn-s‚ Nm-©m-´hp-am-bn_‘s∏Sp-Øn- Atd_y-bn¬- \nehn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ Im-e°W°ns\ im-kv-{Xo-bam-bn- \n¿-[m-cWwsNbv-Xm-Wv- tIkcn- Iev-]KWn-X kn-≤m-¥w- Bhn-jv-°cn-®Xv.- Ingt°m-´pw- Xn-cn-®v- Bcw-`_n-μp-hnte°pw- Xp-S¿-∂v- ]Sn-™m-td°pwAYhm- ap-∂n-te°pw- ]n-∂n-te°pwCcp- kμ¿-`Øn-ep-≈ Bcw-` _n-μphn-te°p-ap-≈ \m-ev- k©m-cam-Wv`m-cXo-bcpw- ap-ºv- Aw-KIcn-®n-´p-≈ Nm-©m-´hm-Zw-.- \m-ev- Ne\Øn-\pwAYhm- hn-jp-hn-s‚ kºq¿-W hrØw- ]q¿-Øo-Icn-°m≥- Bdm-bn-cwsIm-√saSp-°pw- F∂Xm-Wv- Ncn-{XmXo-XIm-eØv- \n-e\n-∂n-cp-∂ ImeKW\ F∂v- tIkcn- hym-Jym-\n°p-∂p.- B[p-\n-I tPym-Xn-im-kv{XPv-Rcm-Is´ hn-jp-hn-s‚ k©mcw- ]q¿-Wam-bpw- ]n-t∂m-´m-sW∂pw{]Xn-h¿-jw- 50 sk°‚v- sh®v- ]ndtIm-´Sn-°p-∂p-sh∂pw- Cu- {]{In-b Hcp- h´w- ]q¿-Øo-Icn-°m≥- 25780 h¿jw- th≠n-hcp-sa∂pw- \n-iv-Nbn-°p∂p.- Bdm-bn-cw- h¿-jw- sIm-≠vk©cn-®p-Xo-cp-sa∂pw- ap-t∂m-´pw- ]nt∂m-´p-ap-≈ Nm-©m-´sa∂p-ap-≈

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

]gb Is≠ج- ImelcWs∏´Xpw- Aim-kv-{Xobhpsa∂v- kΩXn-®p-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ tIkcn- ]dbp-∂p- ˛ Ncn-{Xm-Xo-X Ncn-{XØn-se Im-eKW\ Is≠Øm≥- ]t£ Aim-kv-{Xobam-b B ]gb IW°vGsdtbsd klm-bIam-Wv-! ImcWw- B IW°\p-kcn-®m-Wv- ]pcm-X\¿- kw-`hßsf ""tcJs∏SpØn''-bn-´p-≈Xv.Ncn-{Xm-Xo-X Im-eØv- Atd_ybn¬,- saks∏m-t´an-bbn¬- \n-ehnep-≠m-bn-cp-∂ ]m¿-kn- aXØn-s‚ ]p-Wy-{KŸam-b _p-μm-ln-kn-epwAXn-s‚ Xp-S¿-®bm-bn- Icp-Xs∏Sp∂ _lv-am≥- biv-Sn-epw- hfsc hniZam-bn- {]Xn-]m-Zn-®n-cn-°p-∂ ImeN{IsØbm-Wv- Iev-]KWn-X kn≤m-¥w- Bhn-jv-Icn-°m≥- "Akwkv-Ir-X hkv-Xp'-hm-bn- tIkcn- kzoIcn-°p-∂Xv.- c≠m-bn-cw- h¿-jwASßn-b alm-Iev-]w-,- Bbn-cw- h¿jw- ASßn-b Iev-]w,- A™qdv- h¿jw- A-S-ßn-b- e-Lp-I-ev-]w,- 72 h¿jw- A-S-ßn-b- a-\z-¥-cw,- \m-ev- a-\z¥-c-am-b- 288 h¿-jw- tN¿-∂- N-Xp¿bp-K-a-\z-¥-cw- F-∂n-ß-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p- Im-e-°-W-s°-∂v- tI-k-cn- Nq≠n-°m-´p-∂p.- k-]v-X¿-jn- h¿-jw,- Ien-h¿-jw,- hn-{I-am-–w,- ]-c-ip-cm-am–w- F-∂n-ß-s\- ap-ºv- \n-e-hn-ep≠m-bn-cp-∂- I-e-≠-dp-I-fn¬- Hm-tcm∂n-epw- h¿-j-°m-e- Zn-h-k- kw-Jyhy-Xy-kv-X-am-Wv.- Cu- hy-Xym-kw- a\- n-em-°-n- ]p-cm--W- ]-cm-a¿-i-ß-sfhym-Jym-\n-®p-sIm-≠m-Wv- I-ev-]-KWn-X-Øn-eq-sS- Im-e-\n¿-W-bw- \-SØp-∂-Xv.- _p-μm-ln-kn¬- A-lv-dn-am≥ F-∂- sN-Ip-Øm-≥ \-S-Øp-∂- AXn-{I-a-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈- Im-e-kq-N\-Iƒ- kq-£v-a-am-bn- hym-Jym-\n-®psIm-≠m-Wv- tI-k-cn- X-s‚- kn-≤m¥w- sI-´n-s∏m-°p-∂-Xv.ÿeam-\Øn-\pw- Im-eam-\Øn\pw- ]≠v- Hcp-t]m-se h¿-jw- F∂v{]tbm-Kn-®Xn¬- ÿeam-\sØ Imeam-\am-bn- sX‰n-≤cn-®Xm-Wv]gb tPym-Xn-im-kv-{XØn-sebpw]p-cm-WØn-sebpw- Im-ekw-Jy""A_≤]©mw-Kam-bn-''-t∏mbsX∂v- tIkcn- hy-‡am-°p-∂p._p--μm-ln-kn¬- hn-jp-hn-s‚ k©mc]Yam-bn- Hcp- tIm-Sn- Ccp-]sØmºXv- e£Øn- Adp-]Xn-\m-bn-cw\m-£{Xn-I ÿemw-isØ°p-dn-®v]dbp-∂p.- Hcp- Iev-]w- F∂m¬- \m\q-‰n-cp-]sØm-ºXv- tIm-Sn- \m-ev-]Xv-

e£Øn- F¨-]Xn-\m-bn-cw- h¿jam-sW∂pw- a\z--¥csa∂m¬ap-∏Xv- tIm-Sn- Adp-]tØgpe£Øn- Ccp-]Xn-\m-bn-cw- h¿jam-sW∂pw- ]p-cm-W߃]dbp-∂p.- CXv- Im-ekq-NIa√,thym-ahr-ØØn-se ÿekqNIam-sW∂v- tIkcn- \n-co-£n°p-∂p.kr-„n-°p-tijw- Bdm-bn-cwsIm-√w- Ign-™m-Wv- {In-kv-Xp-hns‚ P\\w- F∂ hn-izm-kØn¬\n-s∂Sp-°m-hp-∂ hkv-Xp-X Atd_y-bn-se BZn- {]fbm\¥cw- a\p-jy-Po-hn-Xw- ho-≠pwXfn-¿-Øp- Xp-Sßn-bn-´v- Bdm-bn-cwh¿-jw- F∂Xm-hmw.-- _n-.kn6246¬- t]¿-jy≥- Dƒ-°Sen-t\m-SvsXm-´v- JØdn-\p- sX°p-≈ Icbp-sS `m-Kam-b AXv-em‚n-kv{]fbØn¬- ISen-ea¿-∂p.C∂sØ t]¿-jy≥- Dƒ-°Sens‚ cq-]w- Xs∂ B alm{]fbØn-s‚ kw-`m-h\bmsW∂v- tIkcn- ]dbp-∂p.- ]cipcm-a≥- kap-{ZØn¬-\n-∂v- Ic hos≠Sp-Øv- "sIm-¶Ww'- kr-„n-®psh∂pw- B sIm-¶WØn-se `mKam-Wv- tIcfw- F∂p-ap-≈ hnizm-kØn-se Xcn-ºv- bm-Ym¿-YyØn-te°pw- tIkcn- shfn-®w- hoip-∂p-≠v.]cip-cm-a≥- F∂ {]XoIØn¬- ]iv-Nn-tajy-bn-se,- Ingt° Atd_y-bn-se BZn-kw-kvIm-c tI{μØnse a\p-jy-cp-sS t\Xr-Xz-am-WSßn-bn-´p-≈Xv.F√m- aX]p-cm-Wßfn-epw- km-aqlym--t_m-[a\ n-epw- B {]fbhpw- {]fbØn¬-\n-∂v- ho≠p-ap-≈ sX-gp-∏pw- D≠v.hm-kv-XhØn¬- am-\hkw-kvIm-cØn-s‚ BZn- tI{μsØbmWv- {]fbm-\¥cw- ho-s≠Sp-ØXv.Ahn-sS Xg®p-hf¿-∂ kw-kv-ImcØn-s‚ h¿-Øam-\hpw- `q-Xhpam-bn- th¿-]n-cn-™p-t]m-b kwLßfm-Wv- tem-IsØßpw- kwkv-Im-chn-πh߃-°v- AKv-\n]Icp-∂Xv.- _m-_n-tem-Wn-b°mcpw- Cu-Pn-]v-Xp-Im-cpw- ]m-cknIcpw- (t]¿-jy-°m-¿)- {]mNo-\ lnμp-°fpw- ssP\cpw- ]q¿-h_p≤aX°m-cpw- F{_m-bcpwAd_n-Ifpw- Jm¬-Zy-cpw- {Ko-°pIm-cpw- tdm-am-°m-cpw- No-\cpwSn_‰p-Im-cp-sa√mw- Htc kw-kvIm-cØn-s‚ AKv-\n-bpw- shfn-

22 am¿®v 2014

17


®hpw- a\ n-s‚ ASn-Ø´n¬- t]dp∂hcm-sW∂pw- tIkcn- hm-Zn-°p∂p.- tIcf-Øn-se- Hm-W-Øn¬- alm-_-en- I-S-∂p-h-cp-∂-Xv- A-td_y-≥ _-‘p-Xz-sØ-bm-Wv- kq-Nn∏n-°p-∂-Xv.- ]-iv-Nn-ta-jy-bn-se- HmIv-k-kv- \-Zn-°-c-bn-se- _m-Œn-b- cmPyw- `-cn-®- I-eo-hv- Aw-i-Øn-se- {]lv-fm-Z-s‚- ]u-{X-\m-Wv- a-lm-_-en.]m-Xm-f-sa-∂pw- tcm-Z-kn- F-∂pw(kz¿-K-sa-∂pw- \-c-I-sa-∂pw-)- A-dnb-s∏-´- ]-iv-Nn-ta-jy-bn-se- ]p-¥ns\-°p-dn-®p-≈,- G-Z-≥tXm-´-sØ°p-dn-®p-≈ Kr-lm-Xp-c kq-NIambpw- alm-_en-bp-sS hchn-s\ ImWmw.- t]¿-jy,- A^v-Km-\n-kv-Ym≥,_eq-Nn-ÿm≥,- Xp-Sßn-b ÿeßfSßn-b `q-`m-Kam-Wv- ]mXm-fw.- Ncn-{Xm-Xo-XIm-e ]cn-jvIm-cØn-s‚ Hcp- L´Øn-se tI{μam-Wv- ]m-Xm-fw.- AXv- `q-antb°mƒ- t{ijv-Tam-sW∂v- \mcZ≥- ]dbp-∂Xv- tIkcn- Nq-≠n°m-´p-∂p-≠v.I-ev-]KWn-XsØ Hcp- kmt¶Xn-I am¿-Kam-bn- D]tbmKs∏Sp-Øp-Ibm-bn-cp-s∂¶n¬ÿeNe\ kn-≤m-¥w- tIkcn-bpsS Ncn-{XKthjWØn-s‚ Bflm-hp-Xs∂bm-Wv.- Cu-Pn-]vjy≥- \m-Kcn-IXbm-Wv- \ZoXSkw-kv-Im-cßfn¬- {]Yasa∂ hm-ZsØ Aw-Ko-Icn-°p-∂Xm-bn]d™p-sIm-≠v- tIkcn- ]dbpw:""AtX°p-dn-®dn-bm≥- ]t£,- CuPn-]v-Xn-e√ D¬-J\\w\StØ≠Xv.- ]p-cm-hkv-Xz-t\zjI¿- ]q¿-h Atd_y-bn-em-WvD¬-J\\w- \StØ≠Xv.- Im-cWwBZn-bn¬- Cu-Pn-]v-Xv- ]q¿-h Atd_y-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p''-.]cip-cm-a≥- H∂n-tesd Ncn{X]p-cp-j∑m-cm-sW∂pw- BZn{]fbIYIƒ- kXy-am-sW∂pwBZn-`m-cXhpw- BZn-sIm-¶WhpwBZn-tIcfhpw- ]ivNn-tajy-bn-se ]q-¿-h Atd_y-bn-em-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw- ]q¿-h Atd_y-bn-se JØdpw- _lv-ssd\pw- Ha\pwBWv BZn-am-\h kw-kv-Im-cØns‚ tI{μsa∂pw- AXv- Cu-Pn-]vjy≥- an-tØm-fPn-bn¬- ]p-¥vF∂dn-bs∏´n-cp-∂p-sh∂pw-,- kptadn-b≥ \m-Kcn-IXbp-sS tI{μsa∂Xp-t]m-se _m-_n-temWn-b≥-,- A o-dn-b≥ \m-KcnIXIfp-sSbpw- thcv- ]p-¥n¬Xs∂bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw-- A-hn-sS-

18

22 am¿®v 2014

\n-∂p-≈-h¿- X-s∂-bm-Wv- kn-‘p-\Zo-X-S-kw-kv-Im-c-Øn-s‚-bpw- {k-„m°-sf-∂pw- A-td-_y-≥ th-cp-≈-h-cmWv- C-∂-sØ- C-¥y-°m-sc-∂pw- a-ebm-f- `m-j-bp-sS- th-cp-Iƒ- A-Y-hmaq-e-{Zm-hn-U- `m-j-bp-sS- th-cp-Iƒ]q¿-h- A-td-_y-≥ `m-j-I-fn-em-sW∂pw- tI-k-cn- X-s‚- K-th-j-W- ^-eam-bn- Nq-≠n-°m-´p-∂p.- tIƒ-°p-∂h¿- In-dp-°-s\-∂v- hn-fn-°p-∂-Xv- a-\ n-em-°n-s°m-≠v- tI-k-cn- X-s∂-Øs∂- hn-ti-jn-∏n-®p-:- "-"-H-cp- A-¥m-cm{„- In-dp-°-\m-b- Rm-≥...-'-'...-A-td-_y-bn¬- B-cw-`n-®- tI-c-fw-, sa-tkm-s∏m-t´-an-b,- t]¿-ky,- A-^v-Km\n-kv-Ym-≥ F-∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-eq-sS- k©-cn-®m-Wv- `m-c-X-Øn-se-Øn-b-sX∂pw- `m-c-X-Øn¬- A-©n-S-sØ- Bhm-kw- I-gn-™m-Wv- C-∂-sØ- tI-{μØn-se-Øn-b-sX-∂pw- tI-k-cn- kn≤m-¥n-°p-∂p-≠v.- A-^v-Km-\n-kv-Ym\n¬- \n-∂pw- C-∂-sØ- `m-c-X-Øn-te°v- tI-c-fw- B-Zyw- F-Øn-b-Xv- ]m©m-e-tZ-i-Øm-Wv.- Im-iv-ao¿- ˛- ]-©m_v- ta-J-e-bn-se- Cu- tI-c-f-Øn-\pwti-jw- ssk-‘-h-tI-c-fw- (kn-μv-),- ame-h- tI-c-fw- (cm-P-]-´m-W-),- A-]-cm-¥I-tI-c-fw- (\¿-a-Z- ˛- `o-a- \-Zn-Iƒ-°n-Sbn¬-),- `o-a-°pw- tKm-I¿-W-Øn-\p-an-Sbv-°p-≈- sIm-¶-W- tI-c-fw,- Xp-S¿-∂vN-cn-{X-Im-e-sØ- \-h-tI-c-fw- (tKmI¿-W-Øn-\pw- I-\ym-Ip-am-cn-°p-an-Sbn¬-),- B-Zn- I-\ym-Ip-am-cn- I-\-d- Pn√-bn-em-sW-∂pw- A-Xn-s\-bm-Wv- s]cn-π-kv- "-ssI-s\-bv-sX-bv-'- F-∂p- hn-fn°p-∂-sX-∂pw- tI-k-cn- ]-d-bp-∂p.tKm-I¿-W-Øn-\p- sX-t°-°v- tI-c-fØn-s‚- k-©m-cw- _n- kn- 476\p-tij-am-bn-cn-°pw.- Zp-jy-¥-s‚- ]u-{Xcpw- `-c-X-s‚- k-tlm-Z-c-≥ B-{‘-s‚]p-{X-\p-am-b- tI-c-f-\m-Wv- Im-e-`m-Kv(I-c-ho-c-]p-cw-),- X-e-ÿm-\-am-bn- BZn- C-¥y-≥ tI-c-fw- ÿm-]n-®-sX-∂vtI-k-cn- hn-h-cn-°p-∂p.- a-lm-`m-c-XØn-epw- ]n-∂o-Sv- c-Lp-hw-i-Øn-epwtI-c-f-sØ-°p-dn-®v- ]-cm-a¿-in-°p-∂ps≠-¶n-epw- `q-an-im-kv-{X-]-c-am-bn- C∂-sØ- tI-c-f-a-√- A-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv.- a-lm-`m-c-X-bp-≤-Im-ew- tI-k-cnbp-sS- \n-co-£-W-Øn¬- _n-.kn- 1438 B-Wv.- A-∂v- kn-μn-em-bn-cp-∂- tI-cfw- _n-.kn- 176em-Wv- cm-a-L-S-aq-jn-Is‚- t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬- cm-{„o-b-am-bnkz-X-{¥- tI-c-f-am-Ip-∂-Xv.tI-c-fw- kn-μn-em-bn-cp-∂- L-´Øn¬- Po-hn-®- hym-k-≥ (_n-.kn- 1482˛1422)- E-tKz-Z- kw-ln-X- ]q¿-Øn-bm-°pI-bpw- a-lm-`m-c-X-I-Y- {]m-Ir-X-`m-j-

bn¬- F-gp-Xp-I-bpw- sN-bv-Xp.- Qew- \-Zn-°-c-bn¬- ]-©m-_n-se- ]nfin- ˛- Z-U-≥ ˛- Jm-≥ F-∂- C-∂sØ- ÿ-e-am-Wv- hym-k-s‚- P-∑-tZiw.- `m-K-h-X-a-Xw- ÿm-]n-®- {io-Irjv-W-\pw- C-tX- \m-´p-Im-c-\m-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂pw- H-∂-c- k-l-{km-–Øn\p- ti-jw- C-tX- ÿ-e-Øp-Xs∂-bm-Wv- I-\n-jv-°-≥ F-∂- im-enhm-l-\-N-{I-h¿-Øn- \m-Sp-hm-W-sX∂pw- ssi-h-a-X-Øn¬-\n-∂pw- ssP\-a-X-Øn-te-°v- I-\n-jv-I-s\- ]-cnh¿-Øn-∏n-®-Xpw- F-.Un- 78¬- i-I-h¿jw- ÿm-]n-°m-≥ I-\n-jv-I-s\t{]-cn-∏n-®-Xpw- ssP-\m-Nm-cy-\m-bkn-≤-tk-\- Zn-hm-I-c-\m-sW-∂pw- I\n-jv-I-s‚- k-Z-ky-\m-bn-cp-∂p- alm-\m-S-I-Ir-Øv- `m-k-s\-∂pw- C-hsc-√mw- H-c¿-Y-Øn¬- {]m-No-\- tI-cfo-b-cm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂pw- tI-k-cn- kn≤m-¥n-°p-∂p-≠v-;- hym-Jym-\n-°p∂p-≠v.- e-¶- Kp-P-dm-Øn-em-sW-∂pwtI-I-bw- t]¿-jy-bn-se- s]¿-knt∏m-fn-kv- B-sW-∂pw- ]m¿-kn- a-Xÿm-]-I-\m-b- skm-dm-kv-{S-dp-sS- ka-Im-eo-\-\pw- t{]m-’m-l-I-\p-ambn-cp-∂- t]¿-jy-≥ cm-Pm-hv- I-hn- IqSn-bm-b- hn-„m-kv-]-\m-Wv- ssI-tIbn-bp-sS- ]n-Xm-hm-b- tI-I-b-cm-Pm-hvF-∂pw- tI-I-b-Øn-s‚- X-e-ÿm-\am-b- Kn-cn-{h-Pw- t]¿-jy-bn-se- Z-amh-μv-{Km-a-am-sW-∂pw- A-°m-e-ØvA-tbm-[y- s]-j-hm-dn-\-Sp-Øm-bn-cp∂n-cn-°-W-sa-∂p-sa-√m-ap-≈- tI-kcn-bp-sS- \n-co-£-W-߃- G-gv- ]-Xn‰m-t≠m-fw- ap-ºv- G-sd- N¿-®- sN-øs∏-´-Xm-Wv.- Cu- Ip-dn-∏n¬- A-Xn-s‚hn-i-Zmw-i-ß-fn-te-°v- I-S-°p-∂n-√.a-\p-jy-h¿-K-Øn-s‚- sF-Iy-Øn\p-≈- D-]m-[n-bm-Wv- N-cn-{Xw- F-∂ho-£-W-tØm-sS-bp-≈- K-th-j-Wam-bn-cp-∂p- tI-k-cn-bp-tS-Xv.- ]-cm-ar„- tZ-i-ß-fn-se- `m-j-bpw- A-Xn-se]p-cm-tW-Xn-lm-k-ß-fpw- ]-g-¶-Y-Ifp-sa-√mw- ]-Tn-®v- Xm-c-X-ay-s∏-Sp-Øns°m-≠p-≈- sl¿-°p-en-b-≥ ]-cn{i-a-Øn-eq-sS-bm-Wv- tI-k-cn- X-s‚K-th-j-Ww- \-S-Øn-b-Xpw- \n-co-£W-߃- sI-´n-∏-Sp-Ø-Xpw.- ]p-cmtW-Xn-lm-k-ß-sf-bpw- an-tØm-f-Pnsb-bpw,- A-Xm-b-Xv- km-aq-lym-t_m[-a-\- n-s\- ]p-dw-Im¬- sIm-≠v- Nhn-´n-sb-dn-bm-sX- A-Xn-s‚- Xm-ev-]cy-߃- {K-ln-®v- sN-Øn-s®-Øn-°pd-®pw- Im-®n-°m-®n-°p-dp-°n-bpw- \nK-a-\-ß-fn-te-s°-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p- tI-k-cn.- A-Xn¬- ]-c-a-k-Xy߃-s°m-∏w- ]-c-am-_-≤-hpw- kw-`-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


hn-°m-sa-∂pw- Xm-≥ \-S-Øp-∂-Xpt]m-se- c-≠p- X-e-ap-d-sb-¶n-epw- Kth-j-Ww- \-S-Øn-bm-te- b-Ym¿-Y- Ncn-{Xm-Xo-X-Im-e- N-cn-{X-c-N-\- km-[yam-Iq- F-∂pw- hy-‡-am-°p-∂- tIk-cn- sX-‰p-Iƒ- t_m-[y-s∏-´m¬- A∏-t∏mƒ- Xn-cp-Øm-\pw- a-Sn-®n-√.B¿-°n-tbm-f-Pn-sb- G-‰-hp-a-[nIw- am-\n-®- N-cn-{X-Im-c-\m-Wv- tI-kcn.- N-cn-{Xm-Xo-X-Im-e- N-cn-{X- c-N-\°v- {]m-No-\- h-kv-Xz-t\z-j-Ww- G-‰hpw- {]-[m-\-s∏-´- am¿-K-am-sW-∂Im-cy-Øn¬- A-t±-l-Øn-\v- kw-i-bap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.- ]p-cm-X-\- _m-_ntem-Wn-b-bn-se,- A-Xm-b-Xv- C-dm-Jnse- "-D¿-'-\-K-c-Øn¬- \-SØn-b D¬J\\Øn¬- I≠p-In-´n-b alm{]fb Ahin-„߃- _n-.kn- Bdmbn-cØn-\Sp-Øp-≠m-b alm{]fbsØ kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂XmsW∂pw- Cu- {]fbhp-am-bn_‘s∏´m-Wv- ]cip-cm-a≥- hos≠Sp-ØXm-bn- `m-cXo-b sFXnlyw- ]dbp-∂ kv-]XsIm-¶W IYsb∂pw- tIkcn- ]dbp-∂p._m-_n-tem-Wn-bbn-se Xs∂ Injv-\KcØn¬-\n-∂pw- I≠p-In-´n-b alm-{]fbm-hin-„߃- _n-.kn- aqhm-bn-ctØm-SSp-∏n-®p-≠m-b t\mlbp-sS {]fbhp-am-bn- _‘s∏´msW∂pw- CXp-Xs∂bm-Wv- `m-cXob sFXn-ly-{]Im-cap-≈ sshhkz-Xa\p-hn-s‚ {]fbsa∂pw- tIkcn- kn-≤m-¥n°p-∂p.- _m-_n-tem-Wn-bbn-se sPw-sk‰v- \m-k¿- \KcØn¬- kn‘p- \Zo-XS ]cn-jv-°m-cIm-esØ en-]n-Itfm-Spw- C„n-IItfm-Spw- kmZr-iy-ap-≈ en-]n-Ifpw- C„n-IIfpwD¬-J\\Øn¬- I≠p-In-´n-b- Imcy-hpw- F-Sp-Øp-Im-´p-∂p.- D¬-J-\-\Øn-eq-sS- e-`y-am-hp-∂- A-aq-ey-am-bhn-h-c-߃- P-\-Io-b- sF-Xn-ly-ßfp-am-bn- bp-‡n-]q¿-hw- _-‘-s∏-SpØn- hym-Jym-\n-°m-≥ I-gn-™m¬{]m-No-\- N-cn-{X-Øn-te-°v- sh-fn-®who-im-≥ I-gn-t™-°p-sa-∂-Xm-WvtI-k-cn-bp-sS- hm-Zw.- ssN-\- ap-X¬s]-dp-h-sc-bp-≈- cm-Py-ß-fn-se- P-\Io-b- sF-Xn-ly-ß-fn¬- G-sd-°psd- H-tc-t]m-se- a-lm-{]-f-b-I-Y-bp≠v.- ss_-_n-fn-se- {]-f-b-hpw- t\ml-bp-sS- s]-´-I-hpw- Xp-S¿-∂p-≈- kr„n-bpw- `m-c-Xo-b- sF-Xn-ly-Øn-se]-c-ip-cm-a-I-Y-bpw- A-∏m-sS- ]p-—n-®pX-t≈-≠- I-Y-I-f-√- F-∂pw- {]-fbm-\-¥-cw- ]-c-ip-cm-a-s‚- t\-Xr-XzØn¬,- I-S-en¬-\n-∂v- P-e-sam-gn-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

™p-t]m-b- N-Xp-∏v- Ir-jn-tbm-Ky-am°n-sb-Sp-Ø-Xn-s‚- hn-Zq-c- kv-ar-Xnbm-hmw- sIm-¶-W-tZ-tim-Zv-`-h- I-Ysb-∂p-sa-√mw- tI-k-cn- hn-h-cn-°p∂p-≠v.- kz¿-K-hpw- \-c-I-hpw- ]p-¥vX-s∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂pw- \-c-Iw]m-Xm-f-sa-∂-dn-b-s∏-´p-sh-∂pw- tcmZ-\w- F-∂- A¿-∞-Øn-em-Wv- kp-tadn-b-\n¬- ]p-¥v- tcm-Z-kn-bm-b-dn-bs∏-´-sX-∂pw- I-c-®n¬- F-∂-t{X- AXn-s‚- A¿-∞-sa-∂pw- ]m-Xm-f-sØ°p-dn-®p-≈- _r-l-Xv-]-T-\-Øn¬_m-e-Ir-jv-W-]n-≈- F-gp-Xp-∂p-≠v.kw-kv-Im-c-ß-fp-sS- D-¤-h-Im-ewap-X¬-t°-X-s∂- N-cn-{X-\n¿-am-Whpw- N-cn-{X-I-Y-\-hpw- B-cw-`n-®p-sh∂- A-`n-{]m-b-Im-c-\m-bn-cp-∂p- tIk-cn.- B-[p-\n-I- `m-c-Xo-b-cpw- A-hcp-sS- ]-cn-jv-°m-c-hpw- A-td-_ybn¬-\n-∂p-≈- H-cp- Ip-Sn-tb-dn-∏m¿-∏vap-tJ-\-bm-Wv- D-¤-hn-®n-´p-≈-sX-∂vÿm-]n-°p-∂-Xn-\p-≈- D-Zy-a-Øn-\nS-bn¬- i-X-]-Y- {_m-lv-W-Øn-se- ]Xn-aq-∂mw- J-fiw- tI-k-cn- F-SpØp-Im-´p-∂p-≠v.- ta-[m-iz-sØ- A-gn®p-hn-´-Xn-\p-ti-jw- `q-X-Im-e- cm-Pm-

sI _m-eIr-jvW - ≥-

°-∑m-sc-°p-dn-®p-≈- ]m-cn-π-h- sFXn-lyw- A-iz-ta-[w- \-S-Øp-∂- cmPm-hn-s\- sNm-√n- tIƒ-∏n-°m-≥ tlm-Xm-hn-t\m-Sm-h-iy-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠v.tlm-Xm-hv- ]-Øv- Zn-h-kw-sIm-≠mWv- ]m-cn-π-h- sF-Xn-lyw- ]-d-™pXo-cp-∂-Xv.- ]m-cn-π-h- sF-Xn-lyØn¬- ]p-cm-W-sØ- ]-£n-I-fp-sSth-Z-am-bpw- C-Xn-lm-k-ß-sf- a’y-ß-fp-sS- th-Z-am-bpw- hn-h-cn-®ncn-°p-∂p.- kp-ta-dn-b-∑m-cp-sS- Iq-´Øn¬-s∏-´- hn-Zym-[-c-∑m-cpw- In-∂-c∑m-cp-am-Wv- ]p-cm-W-c-N-\-°v- Np-a-Xe-s∏-´-h¿.- ]-£n-h¿-Kw- F-∂v- Ah¿- A-dn-b-s∏-´p.- sk-sa-‰v- hw-iØn¬-s∏-´- ao-t\m-h-∑m¿,- A-Y-hmao-\y-∑m¿- B-Wv- C-Xn-lm-k-c-N-\\-S-Øn- h-∂-h¿.- Zp-∏p- F-∂- N-fn-a¨- C-„n-I-I-fn-epw- ]-ss∏-d-kv- Ce-I-fn-ep-am-Wv- B-Zn-]p-cm-tW-Xnlm-k-ß-fp-sS- c-N-\.- ]p-cm-W-߃kp-ta-dn-b-\n-epw- C-Xn-lm-k-߃sk-ssa-‰v- `m-j-I-fn-ep-am-bn-cp-∂p.Kn¬-K-ta-jv- Im-hyw- C-Xn-\p-Zm-l-cW-am-sW-∂v- tI-k-cn- ]-d-bp-∂p.B-Zn- kp-ta-dn-b-≥ N-cn-{X-Ir-Xn-Ifn¬- h¿-j-߃-°v-, B- h¿-j-sØ{]-[m-\- kw-`-h-Øn-s‚- \m-aw- \¬In-bn-cp-∂-Xn-s‚- Xp-S¿-®-bm-Wv- tIc-f-Øn-se- h¿-j-kq-N-I-am-b- I-enhm-Iy-ß-sf-∂m-Wv- tI-k-cn- hy-‡am-°p-∂-Xv.Aºc∏n-°p-∂ AKm-[Xbpw]c∏pw- Pv-Rm-\Kp-cp-Xz-m-I¿jWhpw- AN©eam-b {]Xn_≤Xbpw- e£y-t_m-[hpsa√mw- Xn-I™ Ncn-{XIm-c\m-bncp-∂p- tIkcn.- Aºc∏n¬- \n∂p¬-`hn-® Ahn-iz-k\o-bX ImcWw- Iq-Sn-bm-hmw- tIkcn-bp-sS Ncn-{X KthjW߃- AhKWn°s∏´Xv.- P\Io-b sFXn-lyßfpw- km-ln-Xy-hpw- ]p-cm-hkvXzt\z-jWØn¬-\n-∂pw- e`y-amb hn-hcßfp-sa√mw- D]tbmKs∏Sp-Øn-s°m-≠v- hn-iIe\w\SØn-bm-te Ncn-{Xm-Xo-XIm-e Ncn-{XcN\ km-[yam-Iq F∂pwB {]{In-b Xs∂ sh´n-bpw- Xn-cpØn-bpw- ]eXhW Bh¿-Ønt°≠n-ht∂°m-sa∂pw- tIkcnA\p-im-kn-®p.- hm-kv-XhØn¬Ncn-{Xm-Xo-XIm-e Ncn-{XØnte°v- shfn-®w- ho-ip-∂Xn-\v- Hcpco-Xn-im-kv-{Xhpw- Pv-Rm-\Øn-s‚ Hcp- J\n-bp-am-Wv- Xeap-dIƒ-°vtIkcn- kw-`m-h\ sNbv-Xn´p-≈Xv.-

22 am¿®v 2014

19


Fw.F≥ hnP-b≥

tIk-cn-bpsS

Bi-b-temIw CuPn-]vXn-sebpw C¥y-bn-sebpw _m_n-tem-Wn-b-bn-sebpw {Kokn-sebpw sFXn-ly-ß-fn¬ apf-°p-∂Xv Htc Ncn-{Xm-\p-`-h-Øns‚ hnØm-sW∂v tIkcn sXfn-bn-°m≥ {ian-°p∂p

N

cn-{X-c-N-\°pw t{]c-W-Ifp≠v. {]mNo\ temI-Ønepw GIo-Ir-X-amb a\p-jy-k-ap-Zmbw ]e-h´w \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂p F∂pw as‰mcp \h-tem-I-Øns‚ DΩ-d-∏Sn-bn-emWv Xm≥ Nhn-´n-\n¬°p∂Xv F∂pw tIkcn Icp-Xn-bncp∂p. ]pXn-b-Xmb GI temIØn-te°v a\p-jy-h¿K-Øns‚ IÆp-Xp-d-∏n-°p-hm≥ \nbp-‡\mb Hcmƒ Xm\m-sW∂pw tIkcn hnNm-cn-®n-cp∂p F∂v a\ n-em-°p-hm≥ Ignbpw. tIk-cnbpsS Pohn-X-Ønse anin-lmXXzw F∂n-Xns\ hnfn°mw. Xs‚ Is≠-Ø-ep-Iƒ a\p-jyh¿K-Øns‚ Nn¥m-K-Xnsb ASpØp-Xs∂ ]msS am‰n-Øo¿°m-Xncn-°p-I-bn√ F∂m-bn-cp∂p At±l-Øns‚ hnizmkw. "GI-temIw, GI JWvU-hym]vXn-bp≈ cmjv{S-߃ F∂o Bi-b-߃ \S-∏n¬h-cp-Øp-hm≥ {]mcw-`-ambn th≠ a\:ÿnXn a\p-jy-cn¬ ÿm]n-°p-hm≥ Fs‚ Kth-jW ^e-߃ klm-

20

22 am¿®v 2014

bn-t®°pw. Cu am\-knI ]cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn\p tijw kmº-Øn-Ihpw cmjv{So-b-hp-amb _‘߃ Gjym cmPy-߃ XΩn¬ krjvSn-®m¬ am{Xta Ah imiz-X-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bp≈q.' tZio-tbm∑m-Z-Øn¬ \n∂v C\nbpw hnap-‡-am-bn-´n-√mØ cmjv{Sob Nn¥ a\pjy ka-Xz-Øns‚ Cu am\knI Xe-Øn-te°v Gsd ASp-Øn-´p≠v F∂p-]-dbm≥ Ign-bn√. tIk-cn-bpsS Ncn-{Xm-t\z-j-W-Øn\v \njv]-£-ambn-cn-s°-Øs∂ \nin-X-amb Hcp e£y-t_m-[-ap≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂-Xp-sIm≠v, C∂sØ kwkvIm-cß-fp-sS-sb√mw X≈ H∂m-sW∂pw HcmZn IpSpw-_Øns‚ hym]-\-amWv temI \mK-cn-I-X-I-sf∂pw At±lw Is≠-Øp-I-bp-≠mbn. temIw apgp-h≥ {]N-cn-®n-cp∂ GI-cq-]-amb {]f-b-I-Y-bmWv Cu \nK-a-\-Øn\v tIk-cnsb t{]cn-∏n® Hcp LSIw. No\ apX¬ s]dp-h-sc-bp≈ `q{]-tZ-i-ß-fn¬ sNdnb am‰-tØmsS \ne-\n-∂p-t]m∂ I¬]-K-Wn-Xsa∂ Ime-°-W-°mWv, Cs∂mcp anÃnIv hnhm-Z-hnj-b-am-bn-Øo¿∂ c≠m-asØ LSIw. CtXm-Sp-IqSn CuPn-]vXnse sFXnlyw ]cm-a¿in-°p∂ ]q¥v F∂ BZn-kz¿Khpw IqSn-t®-cp-tºmƒ tIk-cn-sbØs∂ sFXn-ly-am-°n-Øo¿°p∂ aq∂m-asØ anÃnIv Awihpw ]q¿Øn-bm-Ip∂p. hmkvX-h-Øn¬, tIk-cn-bpsS Kth-j-W-ß-fn¬ KqVm-fl-I-amb H∂pw Xs∂-bn√. FÆm-bn-c-Øn-e-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


[nIw h¿j-߃°v apºv Atd-_ybn-ep-≠mb `qN-e-\-Øn-s‚bpw {]f-b-Øn-s‚bpw ^e-ambn AhnSsØ \mK-cnI h¿K-߃ Ah-cpsS {]fb kvarXn-I-fp-ambn temIØns‚ \m\m-`m-K-ß-fn-te°pw IpSn-tb-dn-∏m¿Øp F∂pw \h-inem-bp-K-Øns‚ t\´-߃ Fßpw hym]n-∏n®p F∂p-amWv tIk-cnbpsS Hcp \nK-a\w. {]mNo\ bpK-ßfn¬ sFXn-ly-am-bn-Øo-cp∂ A\p`-h-Øn-s‚bpw Ncn-{X-Øn-s‚bpw hymJym-\-amWv CXn-\p-]-tbm-Kn-®n´p≈ am¿Kw. CuPn-]vXn-sebpw C¥y-bn-sebpw _m_n-tem-Wn-bbn-sebpw {Kokn-sebpw sFXn-lyß-fn¬ apf-°p-∂Xv Htc Ncn-{Xm-\p`-h-Øns‚ hnØm-sW∂v At±lw sXfn-bn-°m≥ {ian-°p∂p. km¿htZ-io-b-amb Cu {]m‡-\m-\p-`hw \ΩpsS tZiob auVysØ XI¿°p∂ Hcp am\-knI NnIn-’bm-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂mWv tIkcn IcpXn-bn-cp-∂Xv. ]uckvXy P\-h¿K-߃°v {]tXy-In®pw `mc-Xo-b¿°v Ncn-{Xt_m-[hpw Ncn{X tcJ-Ifpw Cs√∂ ]m›mXy hmZw tIkcn AwKo-I-cn-®n-´n√. Ncn{Xw CjvSn-Ibn¬ Fgp-Xp-Itbm I√n¬ sImØn-sh-°p-Itbm aÆn¬ BgØn¬ Ipgn-®n-Sp-Itbm sNømw. Ch ]n∂oSv hmbn-s®-Sp-°p-Itbm Ipgns®-Sp-°p-Itbm am{Xsa sNtø-≠Xp≈q. thyma aWvU-e-Ønse \o°-ß-fn¬ {`a-W-Ønse kw`-h߃ Ipdn-®n-SpI F∂ coXn-bmWv BZna \mK-cn-I-X-Iƒ hf¿Øn-sbSpØ Hcp am¿Kw. cmin N{IsØ

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

B{i-bn-®p≈ Cu Ime-K-W-\mcoXn Atd-_n-b-bnepw No\-bnepw C¥y-bnepw \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂-Xmbn tIkcn Is≠-Øn-bn-cp∂p. imkv{Xob Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿ Ncn{X ]cm-a¿i-ß-fn-√mØ thZ-ßsf B{i-bn-°p-Ibpw \ΩpsS Ncn{X tcJ-I-fmb ]pcm-W-ßsf Ah-KWn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-XmWv \ΩpsS {]mIv Ncn{Xw timjn-®pt]m-Im-\p≈ apJy ImcWw. AXp-sIm≠v, hnjvWp, hmbp XpS-ßnb `mc-Xob ]pcm-W-ßfnepw _pμm-lnXv F∂ ]mc-knI ]pcm-W-ß-fnse Ad-_n-I¬]-°W-°nepw D≈ hnh-c-W-ß-fn¬ \n∂v {]mNo\ Ncn-{X-Im-e-߃ Cg-Xn-cn-s®-Sp-°p-hm-\p-amWv tIkcn {ian-®n-cp-∂Xv. Bcm-[-\sIm≠pw Ah-K-W-\-sIm≠pw I¬]-K-WnXw Zpcq-l-am-°-s∏´p. Zznjp F∂ hnjp Zn\-cm-{Xßsf Xpey-ambn ]Ip-°p∂ F∂ Adn-hmWv I¬]-K-Wn-X-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm\w. cmin-N-{I-Ønse Hcp ÿnc-_n-μp-hn¬ \n∂v hnjp Ingt°m´v \oßn Xncn-®p-h-cp∂p F∂pw ]Sn-™m´p \oßn ho≠pw ÿnc-_n-μp-hn-te°v Xncn-®p-hcp∂p F∂pw `mc-Xo-b-cmb tPymXn-im-kv{X-⁄-∑m¿ Icp-Xnbn-cp∂p. Cß-s\-bp≈ \mev \o°Øn\v BsI-sb-Sp-°p∂ Ime-sØbmWv Ah¿ Hcp alm-Iev]w F∂v ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv. 2000 h¿jw hcp∂ Cu alm-I¬]sØ c≠p I¬]-ambn, \mep bpK-ambn, 28 a\z-¥-c-ambn hn`-Pn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂p. hnjp-am-‰w-sIm-≠p-

≠m-Ip∂ Cu I≈n-I-fp-]-tbm-Kn®mWv ]pcm-W-߃ Ncn{Xw tcJs∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. hnjp-hns‚ Nm©m-´w-sIm≠v \oßp∂ ÿe-°-W-°ns\ At\Iw tImSn-h-cp∂ ÿeh¿j-ß-fmbn `mc-Xo-b¿ hn`-Pn®n-cp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠mWv I¬]-sØ°p-dn®v `oa-amb sX‰n-≤m-c-WIƒ B[p-\n-I¿°p-≠m-bn-´p-≈sX∂v tIkcn sXfn-bn®p. h¿jw Ime-tØbpw ÿe-tØbpw Ipdn-°p∂p Ft∂m¿°m-bvI-bmWn-Xn\p ImcWw. hmkvX-h-Øn¬, `mc-Xo-b-cpsS hnjp-kn-≤m¥w Aim-kv{Xo-b-amsW∂pw AXns\ ASn-ÿm-\-am°nb Ncn-{X-c-N\ AXp-sIm≠v Ab-Ym¿∞-am-Ip-∂n√ F∂pamWv tIkcn Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®Xv. hna¿i-\-ß-fn¬ C°mcyw th≠{X {i≤n-°-s∏-´n-´n√. ]ctem-I-tØ°v th≠n Hcp-°nb ih-°-√-d-I-fn¬ \n∂mWv imkv{Xob Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿ CltemI Pohn-X-Øns‚ AS-bm-f߃ Is≠-Øp-∂Xv. ]c-temI kn≤m¥w icn-bm-sW∂v CXn\¿∞-an-√t√m. B¿°n-tbm-f-Pn-bn¬ \n∂v In´p∂ Adn-hp-Isf Bkv]-Z-am°msX AΩm-bn-°-Y-Isf B{ibn-°p∂ Ncn-{X-Im-c-\mWv -At±lw F∂v Ct∏mgpw Icp-Xp-∂h-cp≠v. Gsd-°mew tImf-Pp-Ifn¬ Ncn-{Xm-[ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp∂p tIkcn Ft∂m¿°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂Xmhpw CXn-s\mcp ImcWw. sFXn-ly-]-chpw `mjm-im-kv{X]-chpw KWn-X-]-c-hp-amb Xs‚ Kth-j-W-߃ ÿe-kq-N-\Ifpw Ime-kq-N-\-Ifpw \¬In D¬J-\-\sØ klm-bn-°p-sa∂mWv tIkcn ]d-™n-´p-≈Xv. CuPn-]vXn-e-√msX Ing-°≥ Atd-_n-b-bn¬ A∂v D¬J-\-\߃ \S-∂n-cp-∂n√. [m\y-ß-sfbpw arK-ß-sfbpw sacp-°n-sb-SpØ BZn-a-ÿ-e߃ Is≠-Øn-bm¬ \ho\ inem-bp-K-Øns‚ DZv`-h-ÿm\w \n¿W-bn-°m-sa∂ ]mhn-temhns‚ kn≤m-¥-sØbpw A_nko-\n-b-bn-sebpw A^vKm-\nÿm-\n-sebpw tKmXºp P\p-kpI-fpsS I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-tØbpw ]cm-a¿in®v tIkcn No\˛C¥y P¿W-en¬ FgpXn: "CXn¬ c≠v Imcyw auen-I-

22 am¿®v 2014

21


ambn hnkvX-cn-®n-´p≠v. Ncn-{XmXoX Ime-Øv A^vKm-\n-ÿm\pw sX°≥ t]¿jybpw Atd-_nbbpw Ic-hgn _‘n-°-s∏-´ncp∂p. BZn-a-amb Ad_n {]f-bØn-emWv Cu Ic Xmgv∂ t]¿jy≥ IS-en-Sp-°m-bnØo¿∂Xv. c≠v: C¥y-bnse tKm≠p-h¿K-°m-cpsS ]m´n¬, hnX-°p-∂-h-s\-∂¿∞w hcp∂ i\n F∂ inh≥ A^vKm\nÿm\v sX°p-]-Sn-™m-dp≈ Atd-_n-b-bn¬ \n∂p-h-∂-Xmbn kqNn-∏-n®n-cn-°p∂p.' Atd-_n-b-bn¬ D¤-hn® \ho\ inem-bpKw C¥y-b-S-°-ap≈ `q`mK-ß-fn-te°v hym]n®p F∂m-bncp∂p tIk-cn-bpsS GI-temI kn≤m¥w. 1940˛41¬ tIc-f-Øn-em-Zy-ambn \ho\ Nn{X-I-e-sb-°p-dn-s®-gp-Xns°m-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ, Xma-knbmsX Hcp km¿h-eu-InI Nn{XIe D≠m-tb-°p-sa∂pw AXn¬ No\-®n-{X-I-e-bpsS Awi-߃ {][m-\-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂pw tIkcn \nco-£n-®n-´p≠v. alm-bm\ _p≤a-X-Øns‚ {]`m-h-Im-eØpw Hcp _lp-tZi Nn{X-I-em-coXn \ne-hnen-cp-∂-Xmbn At±lw Nq≠n-°mWn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. (Xp≥˛lph-ßnse Bbncw _p≤∑m-cpsS Kplm-t£{Xw) FÆmbncw h¿jw apºv tIc-f-Øn¬ FØn-t®¿∂ \h-in-em-bpK a\pjycpw FS-°¬ Kpl-bn¬ Nn{X߃ sImØn-Øp-S-ßn-bXv km¿h-eu-In-I-amb ssien-bn-embn-cp∂p F∂v tIkcn A\p-kva-cn∏n-°p-∂p≠v. Pohn-X-Øns‚ Zzμzm-fl-I-X-sb°p-dn-®p≈ Cu t_m[w tIk-cnbpsS Nn¥-bn¬ \nd-™p\n¬°p∂p. temI-c-lkyw H∂ne√ c≠n-emWv F∂v "`n∂-kwJy' F∂ IhnX \ncq-]Ww sNøptºmƒ tIkcn Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p∂p-≠t√m. k¿dn-b-enÃv IebpsS ZuXyw ad-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ kz]v\-tem-IsØ ap∂n¬sIm≠p-h-cn-I-bmWv. Bflo-b-XsIm≠v apSn™ C¥y-bnse ^yq®-dnÃv Ie-bn¬ dnb-en-kamWv ap∂n-´p-\n¬t°-≠Xv. hcm\n-cn-°p∂ \h-tem-I-Øns‚ krjvSn°p apºv ]gb hyhÿsb kwl-cn-°p∂ Hcp Ime-ap≠m-bn-cn°pw. Pohn-X-Øns‚ Nnc-¥-\amb

22

22 am¿®v 2014

Xmf-{I-a-sØ-°p-dn-®mWv tIkcn ]d-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-sX-¶nepw At±-l-Øns‚ hm°p-Iƒ F√m-htcbpw sNmSn-∏n-®n-´p≠v. Hcp bYm¿∞ hnπ-h-Im-cn-sb-t∏mse Imew At±-lsØ ]n∂o-S-dnbp∂p. hnkva-cn-°p-hm≥ kvacn-°pIbpw sNøp∂p. a\p-jy-cmcpw X¬°m-e-Øn¬ am{X-ambn Pohn-°p-∂n√ F∂ t_m[w tIk-cn°v Ncn-{X-]-T-\Øn¬ \n∂p e`n-®-XmImw. A\p`hw kmap-Zm-bn-I-am-sW∂v am{Xa√, AXv hwi-]-chpw h¿K-]-chpw IqSn-bm-sW∂pw a\- n-em-°n-bh¿ tIc-f-Øn¬ C∂pw A[n-Ian√. tIk-cn-bpsS \nK-a-\-߃, AXp-sIm≠v ]e-tcbpw iey-s∏-SpØp-I-bp-≠mbn. tIc-fo-b¿°v kz¥-ambn H∂pw \n¿an-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn√ F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p Ch-bn-sem∂v. AXp-sIm≠v A]q¿h-Xsb A√ HuNn-Xy-tØbmWv Ie-I-fn¬ At\z-jn-t°≠Xv. B{I-a-W-ß-fn¬ \n∂v D≈q-cns\ c£n-°p-hm≥ tIkcn Cu XXzw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-I-bp≠mbn (A\y-Im-thym] PohnXzw) F∂p ]ecpw Ad-™n-cn-°p-Ibn√. kwKo-X-tØm-Sp≈ KmV-amb {]Xn-]Øn tIc-fo-b-cpsS h¿K-kz`m-h-am-sW∂pw AXp-sIm≠v kwKo-Xm-fl-I Ihn-Iƒt° tIcfob a\- ns\ ]nSn-®p-\n¿Øm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp≈q F∂pw tIkcn ]d-bp-am-bn-cp∂p. Ip©≥ \ºymcpw Nß-ºp-gbpw am{XamWv ip≤-kw-Ko-X-tØmSv IhnXsb ASp-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-Ibpw Pbn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≈p. CXhsc A\-iz-c-cm°pw F∂p tIkcn IcpXn. a\p-jy\pw a\p-jy-cpsS bm{XIƒ AYhm {]ÿm-\-ßfpw bm{¥n-I-a√ F∂-XmWv ]q¿hm-\p`-h-ap-{Z-Isf {]_-e-am-°n-Øo¿°p∂Xv. Ch-sb-°qSn IW-°n-se-Sp°mØ Ncn-{X-t_m[w ]q¿W-as√∂p am{X-a√, imkv{Xo-bhpw A√. Ncn-{XsØ \nb-{¥n-°p∂ `uXn-Im-hÿ t]mse a\p-jys‚ B`y-¥-c-temIw F∂ a\ pw Ncn{Xw \n¿an-°p-∂-Xns‚ Hcp LS-I-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p≠v. At_m-[Øns‚ t{]c-W-Iƒ, Ncn-{XsØ A´n-a-dn-°m-Xn-cn-°m-\p≈ Pm{KX hy‡nbpw kaq-lhpw t\Sn-sbSptØ ]‰q. Ah-K-Wn-°-s∏-Sp∂

kXy-߃ ]n∂n¬ \n∂p IpØmXn-cn-°p-I-bn√ F∂Xpw Hcp kmaqly hkvXp-X-bm-Ip∂p. a\p-jy-a-\- ns‚ Cu Xmf-{Iaw Ncn-{XsØ Nm{In-I-am-°p∂p F∂v tIk-cnbpw Icp-Xn-bn-cp∂p. {]mNo-\-cp-sStbm kvs]MvKvf-dptStbm Nm{In-Im¿∞-Øn-e√, Ncn{Xw Xncn-®p-h-cn-Ibpw Xpf-®pI-b-dp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp kv{Iqhns‚, ]ncn-b≥ tImWn-bpsS ]ptcm-K-Xn-bmWv F∂ khn-tij A¿∞-Øn-emWv At±lw CXns\ hymJym-\n-®Xv. Htc kabw t\sc t]mIp-Ibpw hf-™p-t]m-IpIbpw sNøp∂ kqcy-c-ivan-bpsS kXy-tØmSv CXns\ kmZr-iy-s∏SpØmw. Um¿hns‚ XXz-a-\p-kcn®v {]IrXn Pohnsb sXc-s™-Sp°p-I-b√, kmap-Zm-bn-I-amb XXza-\p-k-cn®v a\p-jy≥ a\p-jy-s\Øs∂ \n¿an-°p∂p F∂ sshcp≤y-am-Wn-Xn\p ImcWw. \n߃ \nß-sf-Øs∂ Npa-en¬ G‰n-apt∂-dp∂p F∂ sshcp-[y-Øns‚ ^ew. ]q¿h-N-cn-{X-sa∂ Ncn-{Xm-Xo-XIme Ncn-{X-am-bn-cp∂p tIk-cnbpsS auen-I-amb {]h¿Ø-\cwKw. Indp-°-s\∂ imkv{Xo-bamb _lp-aXn At±-l-Øn\v t\Sns°m-Sp-ØXpw Cu {]h¿Ø-\-ambn-cp∂p. kRvP-bs‚ "kme-I≠ IS' Nne-sc-¶nepw Ct∏mgpw Hm¿°p-∂p-≠mIpw. imkv{Xo-bX, sXfn-bn-°-s∏-tS-≠Xpw Xncp-Øs∏-Sm-hp-∂Xpw BsW∂v tIk-cnbpsS ]pXnb hna¿i-I-∑m¿ t]mepw hnkva-cn-°p-∂-Xmbn ImWp∂p. ]q¿h Ncn-{X-\n¿am-W-Øns‚ apJy-amb ASn-Ød D¬J-\-\hpw ]pcm-h-kvXp-im-kv{Xhpw Bbn-cn°Ww F∂Xv Hcp hnhm-Z-hn-jbta A√. ]t£ \ap-°m-h-iy-amb Ncn{Xw {]mNo\ a\p-jy≥ aÆn¬Øs∂ \nt£-]n-®p-t]mbn F∂p Icp-Xp-∂-Xn¬ imkv{Xo-b-Xbn√. Ah¿ antYm-fPn F∂ IY-Ifnepw `mj-bnepw IW-°nepw \nt£-]n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xpw Ncn{Xw Xs∂-bmWv. Cu am¿K-ß-sf√mw Cg-Xn-cn-s®-Sp-°p-Ibpw ka-\z-bn°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ am{Xta ]q¿h-N-cn-{X-Øns‚ ka-{K-cq]w e`n-°p-I-bp≈q F∂mWv tIkcn hmZn-®Xv. ]gb \nb-a-Ønse D¬∏-Øn-IY icn-sbt∂m sXs‰t∂m Xo¿Øp ]d-bp-∂-Xn¬

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


imkv{Xo-b-ambn H∂p-an√. hnizm-kt`-Z-am-WXv F∂v \mw Xncn-®-dn-bp∂n√ Ft∂-bp≈q. ss__n-fn¬ am{X-a√, {Koknsebpw C¥y-bn-sebpw CuPn-]vXnsebpw kpta¿ F∂ _m_n-temWn-b-bn-sebpw ]pcm-W-ß-fn¬ Hcp alm-{]-f-b-IY hnh-cn-°p-∂p≠v. CtX IY Xs∂ Ata-cn-¥y≥, Bkvt{X-enb≥ \c-hw-i-I-Y-Ifnepw ImWp-∂-Xmbn t{]k-dpsS \c-hwi ]T-\-߃ sXfn-bn-°pIbpw sNbvXn-´p≠v. ssN\-ap-X¬ s]dp hsc-sb-¶nepw \ne-\n-∂ncp∂ Iev]-K-Wn-X-ap-]-tbm-Kn®v Cu {]f-b-Øns‚ Imew I≠p-]n-Sn-°phm-\p≈ {ia-amWv tIkcn \S-ØnbXv. \man-∂-dn-bp∂ BZn-{]-fbw {InkvXp-hn\v apºv 624¬ kw`-hn-®ncn-°m-sa∂v At±lw A\p-am-\n-°pIbpw sNbvXp. \ho\ inem-bpK a\p-jy\v At∂°v Hcp almI¬]w AYhm 4000/2000 h¿jw {]mbw sN∂n-cn-°Ww. Cßs\ apßn-t∏mb `q{]-tZiw, `qanimkv{X kn≤m-¥-ß-f-\p-k-cn®v A·n-]¿h-X-ßfpw FÆ-bp-d-hIfpw \nd™ t]gvkym Dƒ°-S¬ {]tZ-i-am-bn-cn-°-W-sa∂pw tIkcn A\p-am-\n-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. _lvdo≥ Zzo]vk-aq-l-ß-sf∂p Iptd-°qSn IrXy-ambn ]dbmw. ChnsS ]m¿Øn-cp∂ P\-k-ap-Zm-b߃, {]f-b-tØmsS NnX-dn-t∏m-IpIbpw temI-Øns‚ ]e `mK-ß-fnep-ambn ]pXnb Xmh-f-ap-≠m-°pIbpw sNbvXp. temI antYm-f-Pn-IfpsS kmZr-iy-]-T-\hpw ÿe-t∏-cpI-fpsS `mjm-im-kv{X-]-c-amb A]{K-Y-\hpw BWv, ]ecpw Icp-Xp-∂Xp-t]mse h\y-`m-h-\-b√, tIkcnsb Cu I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-ß-fn¬ FØn-®Xv. Ch hnhmZ hnj-bamImw. ]t£ DZm-ko-\-ambn \ncmI-cn-®p-IqSm. tIkcn Fgp-Xp∂p: `qI-º-ß-fp≠m-Im-dp≈ A·n-]¿hX ÿe߃ ImWn-®n-´p≈ Hcp `q]Sw t\m°n-bm¬, Atd-_y-bpsS hS°p-]-Sn-™mdv, sX°p-]-Sn-™mdv, Ing°v F∂o Zn°p-I-fn¬ C∂v \n¿hmWw {]m]n-®n-´p≈ aq∂v A·n-]-¿hX kaq-l-ß-fp-s≠∂v ImWmw. Ch-bn¬ Ing-°p-≈Xv, P_¬ AX¬ ]¿hXw \n¬°p∂ t]gvky≥ Dƒ°-S-ens‚ sX°≥ Ad-_n-°-c-bn¬ \n∂p XpSßn, t]gvjy-bnse sl¿a- n-eqsS hS°p Ing-t°m´v t]mbn _eq-Nn-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

Fw.F≥ hnP-b≥

ÿm-\nse Iz‰ \K-c-Øn\p Ipsd ]Sn-™mdv sN∂v Ah-km-\n-°p∂p. ]≠v kPo-h-ß-fm-bn-cp∂ A·n]¿h-X-ß-fpsS _mlpeyw tlXphmbn A∂sØ Atd_y hfsc ^e-`q-bn-jvT-amb Hcp {]tZ-i-ambn `hn-®n-cp∂p. A·n-]¿h-X-߃sIm≠v ASn-]X-dnb Cu {]tZ-i-amWv FÆm-bncw h¿jw apºv alm-{]-f-b-Øn-\n-c-bmIp-Ibpw IS-en¬ Bgv∂p t]mIpIbpw sNbvXXv F∂v tIkcn kn≤m-¥n-°p∂p. "CXp \nanØw sX°p Ing-°≥ Atd-_ysb sX°≥ t]gvjy-tbmSpw Ing-°≥ B{^n-°-tbmSpw A∂p-hsc LSn∏n-®n-cp∂ Ic, IS-en¬ XmWp-t]mIp-Ibpw sNbvXp. C∂sØ t]gvjy≥ Dƒ°-S¬ Cßs\ cq]s∏´p.' AXn\p apºv BZn tIc-fhpw BZn-sIm-¶-Whpw BZn-`m-c-Xhpw \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂Xv Cu {]tZ-i-ß-fnem-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂ hmZ-amWv tZio-bhm-Zn-Isf sNmSn-∏n-®n-´p-≈Xv. X߃ IpSn-tb-dn-∏m¿°p∂ ÿe߃°v ]gb tZi-ß-fpsS t]cnSp∂ ]Xnhv hmkvX-h-Øn¬ \ap°v ]cn-Nn-X-am-sW-¶nepw \mw Hm¿°m≥ Iq´m-°p-∂n√ Ft∂bp≈q. \ΩpsS tZio-bX a‰p P\-

h¿K-ß-fpsS tZio-b-X-bn¬ \n∂p¬`-hn-°p-∂p-hs√m F∂ Ipdhv CXp-sIm-≠p-≠mhpw. `qan-imkv{Xw, ÿe-]p-cmWw, antYm-fPn F∂nh am{X-a√ temI-Ønse BZna en]n-I-fpsS kmZr-iyhpw Hcp GI-temI ]cnjvIm-csØ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn\mbn tIkcn hmZn-°p∂p. No\bnse BZna en]nbpw ssk‘h en]nbpw _m_n-tem-Wn-b≥ Ncn{X-Im-c≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-´p-≈Xv tIkcn A\p-kva-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. ssN\okv Nn{X-en-]ntbm--S-Sp-∏-ap≈ en]n-Iƒ Ata-cn°-bnse "ab' kwkvIm-cm-h-injvS-ß-fn¬ \n∂v I≠p-In-´pIbpw sNbvXn-´p≠v. Cu sXfn-hp-I-sfm∂pw `mh-\m]-c-ßtfm Aim-kv{Xo-b-ßtfm A√. Xncp-Ø-en\v hnt[-b-amb kn≤m-¥-ßtf CXn¬ \n∂v tIkcn cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p≈q. {]f-b-Im-e-sØ°p-dn®pw e¶-sb-°p-dn®pw Cugh-cpsS DZv`-h-sØ-°p-dn®pw Xs‚ IW-°p-Iƒ ]pXnb shfn-®-ap-]tbm-Kn®v Xncp-Øp-hm≥ tIkcn aSn-®nt´ C√. imkv{Xo-b- Ncn-{XIm-c-∑m-cmWv ]e-t∏mgpw Aimkv{Xo-b-amb ISpw-]n-Sp-Ø-Øn¬ G¿s∏-Sm-dp-≈Xv. C°mcyw {i≤n°msX t]mIp-∂Xv At±-lØns‚ Kth-jW {]_-‘-߃ Xm¬]-cy-tØmsS hmbn-°m-ØXp-sIm-≠m-IWw. `uXn-I-amb {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw sFIy-{]-I-S-\-ßfpw a\p-jysc tbmPn-∏n-°p-sa-¶nepw a\p-jyh¿Kw Hcp IpSpw-_-am-sW-∂p≈ Ncn-{X-t_m[w sFIy-Zm¿VyØn-\m-h-iy-am-sW∂ hnizm-kamWv tIk-cn-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. AXp-sIm≠v hn`m-Ko-b-Xbpw tZio-b-Xbpw Xm¬°m-en-Ihpw Ab-Ym¿∞-hp-am-sW∂v sXfn-bn°p-hm-\-mW-t±lw {ian-®Xv. ÿmbn-bmb, Kw`o-c-amb Hcp am\-knI ]cn-h¿Ø\w a\p-jyh¿K-Øn-ep-≠m-Ip-sa∂pw At±lw {]Xo-£n-®n-cp∂p. Iem\n-cq-]-Whpw ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-\hpw Dƒs∏-sS-bp≈ tIk-cn-bpsS {]h¿Ø-\-߃°v henb Hcp A\z-bm¿∞-ap-s≠∂v Adn-bm-Xncp-∂p-IqSm. (Ah-Xm-cnI˛tIk-cn-bpsS Ncn{X Kth-j-W-߃˛thmfyw˛1)

22 am¿®v 2014

23


Fw.F dlvam≥

as‰mcp Ncn{Xw km[y-amWv t]m¿®p-K-ense eoUvkv bqWn-th-gvkn-‰nbpw t]m¿t´m bqWn-th-gvkn-‰nbpw tN¿∂v \S-Ønb P\n-XI ]T-\-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ ]c-º-cm-KX Ncn-{X-Øns‚ \S-∏p-Zo-\-ß-tfmSv bp≤w sNbvX tIk-cn-bpsS Ncn{X \n›bw icn-bm-sW∂v ÿm]n-°p∂p teJ-I≥

2012

P\p-hcn 26-˛mw XobXn tIc-f-Ønse Ncn{X IpXp-In-Iƒ°v BÀmZw ]Icp∂, Cu \q‰m-≠nse G‰hpw hen-sbmcp hm¿Ø science daily F∂ dnk¿®v t]m¿´¬ dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXp. CXv ae-bm-f-Øn¬ "aebmf at\m-ca' ]{X-sam-gnsI as‰mcp ]{Xhpw dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn√. "BZy kwkvImcw DZbw sNbvXXv Atd-_y-bn¬' F∂¿∞w hcp∂ Xe-s°-t´msS h∂ B hm¿Ø-bnse _m°n `mKw Cß-s\-bmWv: "P\n-X-Iimkv{Xw D]-tbm-Kn-®p≈ Hcp ]T\w Adp-]-Xn-\m-bncw h¿jw apºp≈ a\p-jys‚ IpSn-tb-‰Øn\v ]pXnb shfn®w ]I¿∂n-cn°p∂p. B[p-\nI a\pjy kaqlw B{^n-°≥ ap\-ºn¬ \n∂p XpSßn Xß-fpsS k©m-c]-Y-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ Atd-_y-bnemWv BZy Xmh-f-ap-d-∏n-®Xv. BZy kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ IfnsØm-´n¬ Atd-_y-bmWv. t]m¿®p-K-ense eoUvkv bqWn-thgvkn-‰n-bpw t]m¿t´m bqWn-th-gvkn‰nbpw tN¿∂p \S-Ønb ]T\w Ata-cn-°≥ tPW¬ Hm^v lyqa¨ sP\-‰n-IvkmWv* {]kn≤-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv. B[p-\nI a\p-

24

22 am¿®v 2014

jy≥ Ahs‚ tZim-¥c {]bmWØn\v B{^n-°bn¬ \n∂p XpS°w Ipdn® tijw Xmh-f-a-Sn® BZy `q{]-tZiw GXv F∂ CXp-hsc DØcw In´mØ tNmZy-Øn-\mWv ChnsS imkv{Xo-b-amb DØcw In´n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. bqWn-th-gvkn‰n Hm^v t]m¿t´m-bnse C≥Ãn-‰yq´v Hm^v tamfn-°p-e¿ ]mtØm-fPn B‚v Cayq-tWm-f-Pn-bnse tUm. eqbnkv s]tcc ]d-bp∂p: "BZn-a-Ime a\p-jys‚ P\-kwJym hnX-cWw Bcw-`n-®Xv sN¶-S-en¬ \n∂v sXs° Atd-_y-bn-te-°m-bn-cp∂p F∂ hnizmkw F√m-h¿°p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw AXn\p-ff P\n-XI sXfn-hp-Iƒ IΩn-bm-bn-cp∂p.' bqtdm-∏n-sebpw Atd-_y-bn-sebpw t\m¿Øv B{^n-°-bn-sebpw {]K¬`¿ AS-ßnb cmjv{Sm-¥cob Kth-jI kwLw B{^n-°-\-√mØ aq∂v ]pcm-X\ amXr-Zm-bI hwim-h-en-Isf (Maternal lineages) imkv{Xo-b-ambn A]-{K-Yn®p. Cu aq∂v

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


]pcm-X\ imJ-Ifpw B[p-\nI a\p-jy≥ hnP-b-I-c-ambn B{^n°°v ]pd-tØ°v k©-cn-°p∂ Ime-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂psh∂v sXfn-™n-cn-°p∂p: Mitochondrial DNA A]-{K-Y-\coXn D]-tbm-Kn®v Is≠-Ønb \nK-a-\-Øns‚ cXv\-®p-cp°w CXmWv: "sX°≥ Xoc-]mX' (Southern Coastal route) kn≤m¥-{]-Imcw a\p-jy≥ sN¶-S¬ apdn®p-I-S∂v sXt° Atd-_y-bnseØn F∂mWv. ]t£ Cu kn≤m-¥-Øn-te°v shfn®w hoip∂ P\n-XI sXfn-hp-Iƒ A]cym-]vX-am-bn-cp∂p. a\p-jys‚ hym]-\-sØ-°p-dn®pw BZy Xmhf-sØ-°p-dn-®p-ap≈ P\n-XI sXfnhp-Iƒ sat‰m-tIm¨{Un-b-bnep≈ Un.F≥.F A\p-{Iaw ]cntim-[n®v Is≠Øn ÿm]n-®n-cn°p-I-bm-Wn-hnsS. CXn-te-°mbn 85 Z£nW ]m›m-Xy≥ Atd-_ybn¬ \n∂p-≈-h-cpsS sat‰mtIm¨{Unb Un.F≥.F A\p{Iaw 300 bqtdm-]y≥am-cpsS Um‰m t_kn-ep≈ Un.F≥.F A\p-{I-ahp-ambn Xmc-Xayw sNbvX Cu ]T\-Øn¬ Ah¿°v Atd-_y≥ D]Zzo-]nse a\p-jy-cp-ambn hwi ]mcºcyw Ds≠∂pw Ah-cn¬ hym]-\Øns‚ ]q¿hm-h-ti-jn-∏p-Iƒ Ct∏m-gp-ap-s≠∂pw hy‡-ambn. CXn¬ \n∂pw AXn-hr-jvSn-bp≈ Ime-L´w F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ 55000˛24000 h¿jw apºv Ah¿ "Kƒ^v Hbm-kokn'¬ \n∂pw ]uckvXy-cm-Py-ß-fn-te°pw bqtdm-∏nte°pw hym]n®p F∂pw a\- nem°mw. Cu amXrI kqNn-∏n-°p∂Xv Atd_y bYm¿∞-Øn¬ B[p-\nI a\p-jys‚ CX-c-`q-JWvU-ß-fn-te-°p≈ hym]-\Øns‚ BZy Xmh-f-am-sW∂mWv'˛ P\n-XI ]T\w Cßs\ ASn-h-c-bn-Sp∂p. tIk-cn-bpsS F._n.]n Xnbdnbpw ]p¥v F∂ k¶¬]hpw anØp-I-fpsS ]T-\-Øn-eqsS Bdc ZiIw apºv Is≠-Øn-bXv Atd_y-bn-emWv kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ DZbw F∂mWv. _n.kn Bdmw kl-{km-_vZ-Øn-\p-apºv Atd-_ybnse ]p¥n¬ \n∂v, {]f-bm-\¥cw kwkvImcw temIw apgp-h≥ hym]n®p. a\p-jy≥ BZy-ambn kaq-l-ambn Hcn-SØp hkn-°p∂ Iq´m-bva-bmWv kwkvImcw. CXv

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

Ht∂-bp≈q. CXv ]n∂oSv ]e cmPy-ß-fn-te°v tZim-S-\-ØneqsS ]S¿∂p. anØp-I-fnse {]fb-߃ tIhe `mh-\-b√. kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ ]em-b-\-amWv. Gjy, B{^n°, bqtdm∏v F∂o `qJ-WvU-ß-fpsS a[y-Øn-ep≈ Atd-_y-bpsS InS∏v kwkvIm-cØns‚ ]S¿∂p-]-¥-en-°en\p Imc-W-ambn. B{^n-°-bn¬ \n∂v BZna a\p-jy≥ Iq´-ambn HcnSØv BZyw Xmh-f-ap-d-∏n-®Xv Atd_y-bn-emWv˛ tIkcn hmZn®p. anØp-I-fn¬ ]cm-a¿in-°p∂ ]p¥v F∂ \jvS kwkvIm-c-sØs®m√n t{]mt´m lnÃ-dn-bpsS \nKqV-X-bn-te°v Npgn-™n-d-ßnb tIkcn F∂ PvRm\-hr-≤s‚

Cu Is≠-Ø-en\v A∂v B¿°ntbm-f-Pn-°¬ sXfn-hp-I-fn-√m-bncp∂p. AXn-\m¬ {]mIv Ncn-{X-]T\w anØp-I-fn-eqsS km[y-am-°pI-bmWv tIkcn sNbvXXv. F∂m¬ ]c-º-cm-KX Ncn-{X-Im-c∑m¿°v CXv kzoIm-cy-a-√m-bncp∂p. tIk-cn-bp-tSXv Indp-°msW∂v hymJym-\n-®-h¿°v Imew Ct∏mƒ adp-]Sn \¬In-bn-cn°p∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Cu teJ-\-Øns‚ XpS-°-Øn¬ tIcf-Ønse Ncn-{X-Ip-Xp-In-Iƒ°v BlvfmZw ]I-cp∂ hm¿Ø-bmWn-sX∂v Rm≥ kqNn-∏n-®Xv. F∂m¬ Aßs\ kw`-hn-®n√. 2012¬ Cu hm¿Ø hcp-∂-Xn\p Hcp amkw apºmWv amXr-`qan

22 am¿®v 2014

25


B{^n-°-bn¬ \n∂v BZna a\p-jy≥ Iq´-ambn HcnSØv BZyw Xmh-f-ap-d-∏n®Xv Atd-_y-bn-emWv˛ tIkcn hmZn®p. anØp-Ifn¬ ]cm-a¿in-°p∂ ]p¥v F∂ \jvS kwkvIm-c-sØs®m√n t{]mt´m lnÃ-dnbpsS \nKq-V-X-bn-te°v Npgn-™n-d-ßnb tIkcn F∂ PvRm\-hr-≤s‚ Cu Is≠-Øe- n\v A∂v B¿°n-tbm-f-Pn-°¬ sXfn-hp-If- n-√m-bn-cp∂p. AXn-\m¬ {]mIv Ncn-{X-]T\w anØp-I-fn-eqsS km[yam-°p-Ib - mWv tIkcn sNbvXXv. F∂m¬ ]c-ºcm-KX Ncn-{X-Im-c∑ - m¿°v CXv kzoIm-cy-a-√m-bn-cp∂p. tIk-cn-bp-tSXv Indp-°msW∂v hymJym-\n-®h - ¿°v Imew Ct∏mƒ adp-]Sn \¬In-bn-cn-°p∂p

BgvN-∏-Xn-∏n¬ tIkcn _me-IrjvW-∏n-≈-bpsS CtX kn≤m¥w Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v c≠v teJ-\߃ Rm≥ Fgp-Xn-bXv. B teJ-\ß-tfm-Sp≈ c≠v kplr-Øp-°-fpsS (B¿.tKm]n-a-Wnbpw sI.B¿ Cμncbpw) {]kn-≤o-I-cn-®p-h∂ {]Xn-I-cW-߃ hn]-co-X-am-bn-cp∂p. CXnepw henb hn]-co-X-߃ tIkcn Pohn® ImeØp t\cn-´XmWv. AXp-sIm≠v Ah \ΩpsS At\z-j-W-ßsf Xf¿Øp-∂n√. ]Icw IqSp-X¬ Du¿Pw ]I-cp-IbmWv sNøp-∂Xv. AXp-sIm-≠pXs∂ Cu imkv{Xob Is≠-Øens‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ Hcn-°¬ IqSn tIk-cnsb ae-bm-fn-bpsS apºn¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°-W-sa∂v Rm≥ B{Kln®p. tIc-f-Ønse HutZym-KnI Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m-cn¬ \n∂v Hcp {]Xn-Ic-W-ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-®mWv C{Xbpw Ime-hn-fw_w D≠m-bXv. tPW¬ Hm^v Ata-cn-°≥ P\-‰nIvkn¬ \n∂pw Rm\o teJ\w ssI∏-‰nb tijw h¿jw c≠v ]n∂n´p. Rm\nXpw Npa∂v \S-°p-IbmWv. Ct∏m-gnXm Cd-°n-sh-°p∂p. ]c-º-cm-KX Ncn-{X-Øns‚ \S-∏p-

t^mt´m:kn.sI X≥ko¿

Fw.F dlvam≥

26

22 am¿®v 2014

Zo-\-ß-tfmSv bp≤w sNbvX, "as‰mcp Ncn{Xw km[y-amsW'∂v Dd-s°-bp-ds° hnfn-®p-]-d™ tIk-cn-bpsS Zo¿L-Z¿i\w icnsb∂v Cu P\n-X-I-]-T\w \tΩmSv ]d-bp∂p. As√-¶n¬ Cu ]T-\amWv C∂v tIk-cn-bpsS Bdc ZiIw apºp≈ Is≠-Ø-ens\ icn-sh-°p∂ GI D]m[n. temIw apgp-h≥ Ncn-{X-]-T-\-Øn\v a‰p hn⁄m-\-im-J-Isf D]-tbm-Kn°p-tºmgpw \man-t∏mgpw Ncn-{XØns‚ AS™ sk√p-Iƒ°IØv A`n-c-an-°p∂p. C¥y-bnse PmXn-k-{º-Zm-b-sØ-°p-dn-®pt]mepw C∂v P\n-XI ]T-\-߃ kpe`w. "B¿°ntbm P\‰nIvkv'F∂ ]pXnb imJ Ncn-{XIm-c\v C∂v ]pXnb shfn-®-߃ \¬Ip∂p. 1995\pw 2006\pw CSbn¬ IdpØ AYo\ (Black Athena) Fgp-Xnb am¿´n≥ _¿Wens‚ hmZ-߃ tIk-cnsb Hm¿an∏n®n-cp∂p. a\p-jy-h¿K-Øns‚ {]bm-W-sØ-∏-‰n-bp≈ ]m›mtXy-X-c-amb hmZ-߃ H´-\-h[n \ne-\n¬°p∂ Cu Ime-Øpt]mepw \mw tIk-cnsb hos≠-SpØn√. am¿´n≥ _¿W¬ Ign™ h¿jw Cu temIw hn´p-t]mbn. tIk-cn-bpsS ]p¥pw, BZy kwkvIm-c-hm-Zhpw icn-bm-bncp∂p F∂v hy‡-am-°p∂ Cu P\n-X-I-]-T\w \¬Ip∂ Znim-hyXn-bm\w \ΩpsS Ncn-{X-Im-c∑m¿°v Hcp ]T-t\m-]-I-c-W-am-tI≠-Xm-bn-cp∂p. ImcWw tIk-cnbpsS Is≠-Ø-ep-I-sf√mw t{ImVo-I-cn®v aq∂v thmfy-ß-fnembn "tIk-cn-bpsS Ncn{X Kthj-W-߃' F∂ t]cn¬ tIcf `mjm C≥Ãn-‰yq´v Ign™ h¿jw ]pd-Øn-d-°n-bn-´p≠v. GsXmcp km[m-c-W-°m-c\pw B Xnb-dnIƒ a\- n-emIpw. AXp-sIm-≠pXs∂ B Is≠-ج tIc-fo-bcmWv B[n-Im-cn-I-ambn BtLmjn-t°-≠Xv. AXp t]ms´ \ΩpsS Ncn-{X-Øns‚ B[n-Im-cnI h‡m°-fn¬ \ns∂-¶nepw Cu P\n-XI ]T-\-Øns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ tIkcn-bpsS \nK-a-\-ßsf Xncn-®p-hn-fn°p∂ {Inbm-fl-I-amb Ne-\-߃ D≠m-tI-≠-Xm-bn-cp∂p. _Z¬ Ncn-{X-Øns‚ h‡m-°fpw \n»_vZ-cmbn. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ ae-bmfn-bpsS {]—∂ Ncn{X t_m[Øns‚ A‘-Im-c-∏-c-∏ns\ t`Zn®v

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


tIk-cnsb ]pd-Øp-sIm-≠p-htc≠ A]q¿hw Ncn{X kμ¿`-ßfn-sem-∂m-WnXv. a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-fns‚ Ime-Ønepw, kwLIm-e-Ønepw, ]´Ww˛ apkvcnkv X¿°-Ønepw \mw A`n-c-an-°p∂p≠v. ]t£ tIkcn aptº Ipdn®p-sh® {]Xy-£-amb ]pXnb shfn-®-߃ Bcp-sSbpw IÆn¬ XS-bp-∂n√. XS-™m¬ Xs∂ \mw IÆ-S®v Ccp-´m-°p∂p. tIkcn Ac \q‰m≠v aptº _Z¬ Ncn-{XØns‚ hmXm-b\w Xpd-∂p-sh®n´pw \ΩpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ am{Xw AXp kw`-hn-®n√. Ct∏m-gnXm Xt±-io-b-a-√mØ Hcp kzcw temIØns‚ at‰-b-‰-Øp-\n∂v \tΩmSv hnfn-®p-]-d-bp∂p: "as‰mcp Ncn{Xw km[y-amWv.' C\n \mw tIk-cnsb D]-tbm-Kn-°p-I-bmWv th≠Xv; Ncn-{Xm-]-{K-Y-\-Øns‚ Hcp D]-I-cW-ambn. tIcf k¿h-I-em-im-ebpsS {]kn-≤o-I-cW hn`mKw 2009¬ {]km-[\w sNbvX Outlines of the Proto-Historic Chronology of Western Asia F∂ {KŸw apt∂m-´p-sh-°p∂ tIk-cn-bpsS {]mIv Ncn{X \nK-a-\߃ Cu P\n-XI km£y-ØneqsS imkv{Xo-b-Xbpw Ncn{X ]cX-bp-≈-Xp-ambn amdp-I-bmWv. temI-P-\-X-bpsS sFXn-lm-knI-amb IpSn-tb-‰-ß-sf-∏‰n, a\p-jyh¿K {]bm-W-sØ-∏‰n, Xncp-∏p-d∏m-Sp-I-sf-∏‰n tIkcn Akm-[m-cWamb Dƒ°m-gvN-tbmsS Xs‚ {]mIv Ncn{X ]T-\-Øn¬ Ipdn-®n´Xv At±-l-Øns‚ injy-\mb ]dhq¿ inh≥ 2005¬ (tIkcn˛ Hcp PohnX tcJ˛ s]≥_pIvkv) F∂ {KŸ-Øn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-´p≠v. tIk-cn-bpsS ]pkvX-I-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw A{]-Im-inX Ipdn-∏p-Ifn¬ \n∂p-ap-≈-h-bm-Wh. ]d-hq¿ inh≥ Hcp A[ym-b-Øn\v sImSpØ Xe-s°-´p-Xs∂ "temI P\-Øns‚ IpSn-tb-‰-߃' F∂mWv. ]pXnb P\n-XI Is≠Ø-ens‚ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ Cu alm-{]-bm-W-ßsf hni-I-e\w sNøm≥ At±-l-Øns‚ ]p\-cmJym\w \sΩ klm-bn°pw: ]›na ]mbn- n-emWv, a\p-jyZp-c-¥-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-Øn¬ G‰hpw BZysØ hn\m-i-I-c-ßfmb alm-{]-f-b-߃ XmWvU-ham-SpI. H∂mw {]fb ImeØv B[p-\nI ]cn-jvIrX temI-cp-sS-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

sb√mw ]q¿hn-Icpw, c≠mw {]fb L´-Øn¬ an° ]n≥Km-an-Ifpw \nh-kn-®p-h∂ B[p-\nI t]¿jy≥ Dƒ°-S-ens‚ Fºm-Spap≈ tZi-ßfpw Zzo]-k-aq-l-ßfnse aq∂v h≥ Zzo]p-I-fn-embn hym]n-®p-In-S∂ Atd_y, sask-ms∏m-tØ-anb, kndnb, ]ekvXo≥ F∂n-h-bpƒs°m≠ h≥ `qhn-`mKw \mam-h-ti-j-ambn. A∂m-´p-Im¿ {]fbw `b∂v ]e ]e Iq´-ß-fmbn th¿]n-cn™v Ing-°≥ _m_n-tem-Wnb hgn ]cn-kc cmPy-ß-fn-te°v c£-s∏Sp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. Bkvt{X-enb≥ \c-hw-i-°m-cmb B[p-\nI `mc-X-Ønse \njm-Zsc IqSm-sXbp≈ P\-ß-fpsS BZn ]q¿hn-I¿ Xp¿°n ]q¿hn-I-cmb kpta-cn-b-cpsam-∂n®v t]¿jym A^vKm-\nÿm≥, _eq-Nn-ÿm≥ HmIv v (]pcm-W-ß-fnse N£pkv \Zn) Xoc-߃ F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-eqsS k©mc PohnXw \bn®v _n.kn 1500HmSp-IqSn _lm-_¬]q-cneqsS Hgp-In-bn-cp∂ hlnμ \Zn°v Ing-°p≈ {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ hmk-apd-∏n®p. H∂mw {]f-b-Øn¬ \n∂v A¤pX-I-c-ambn c£-s∏´ Iptd kmlkn--I¿ a[y t]¿jy-bn¬ \n∂v Ccp-ºm-bp[ ]cn-jvIm-c-hpambn, HmSn-Ø-e-bp≈ tXmWn hyql-ß-fn¬ _n.kn aqhmbncØn\p apºv, IS¬ am¿Kw kn‘n¬ h∂p-IqSn AhnsS

{]m_eyw {]m]n-®n-´p-≠m-bncp∂p. kndn-bm-bn¬ s]´ tkm¿ \K-c-Ønse ^n\o-jy≥ cmPmhpw ZmhoZp ]p{X≥ ie-tams‚ an{Xhp-amb lodm-ans‚ {]P-Ifpw, Kdm-\-Kc \nhm-kn-I-fpsS ^n\ojy≥ \K-c-hw-i-Øns‚ k¥-Xn-Ifm-Wn-h¿. ]ucm-WnI tIcf cmP\-K-cn-bnse BZn ]q¿hn-I\pw, bbmXn˛tZh-bm\n ]p{X-\p-amb Xp¿h-kp-hns‚ hwi-°m-c-\mb {Zmhn-V-]q¿h-I¿! lmc∏ taml≥P-Zmtcm ]cn-jvIm-c-ßfpsS {ZmhnU {]h¿Ø-Icpw {]Nm-c-Icpw! _n.kn 2200 Bbt∏m-tg°pw B kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ Ae-Iƒ ]©m_pw kn‘pw Ihn™v _eq-Nn-ÿm≥, cmPÿm≥, kntem¨, KpP-dmØv F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn-te°pw B™-Sn°p-I-bp-≠mbn. Ahn-S-ß-fn¬ ImW-s∏-´n-cp∂ Ncn-{X-ap-d-ßp∂ a¨Iq-\-Ifpw in¬]-I-em-h-injvS-ßfpw B hkvXpX hnfn-t®mXp∂p. ]pcq-c-h- ns‚ ]u{X-\mb bbmXn, bmZh hwi-°m-c-\mIp∂p. lcn hwihpw CXp-Xs∂. sbZ F∂ Ad_n ]Z-Øn-s‚b¿∞w BSv F∂mWv. CXn¬ \n∂p bmZ-h-\maw Bhn¿`-hn®p. Xph¿kp-°ƒ iq{`-Im-`oc (Alnc) \c-hw-i-°m¿ BWv. Chcn¬ \ºq-Xn-cn-am-cp-sSbpw, \mb∑m-cp-sSbpw, hSt° ae-_m-dnse Xob-cp-sSbpw BZn-]n-Xm-°-fmWpƒs∏-SpI. ae Ac-b-∑m¿ IΩm-f¿ F∂n-h-cpsS ]q¿hn-I-cpap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. {]mNo\ `mc-Xob aln-a-bp¬tLm-jn-°p∂ lmc-∏bn-tebpw taml-©-Zm-tcm-bnsebpw kwkvIm-c-ßsf A`n-apJo-I-cn-®-h¿! cma-i¿Ω≥ F∂ hy‡n-\m-a-ap≈ `mk≥, ]©m_nse ]Øp cmPm-°-∑m-tcmSv bp≤w sNbvXp hnP-bn® Iq´Øn¬, C∂sØ t\mln \Znbmb A∂sØ ]cp-jvWn-°-cbn¬ sh®v _n.kn 77¬ Ahscbpw tXm¬]n-t®m-Sn®p. sX°≥ ]m©me cmPm-°-∑m¿, PΩp-hn\v Ing-°m-bp≈ cmw\-Kdns\ Aln-O{Xw F∂ t]cn¬ cmP-[m-\n-bm-°n-s°m-≠mWv `cn®p-h-∂Xpw. tIc-fob sslμ-h¿ _lp-am\ kqN-I-ambn {InkvXym-\n-tbbpw apl-Ω-Zo-b-tcbpw am∏nf F∂p

22 am¿®v 2014

27


RE

PO

RT

The Arabian Cradle Mitochondrial Relicts of the First Steps along the Southern Route out of Africa A major unanswered question regarding the dispersal of modern humans around the world concerns the geographical site of the first human steps outside of Africa. The “southern coastal route” model predicts that the early stages of the dispersal took place when people crossed the Red Sea to southern Arabia, but genetic evidence has hitherto been tenuous. We have addressed this question by analyzing the three minor west-Eurasian haplogroups, N1, N2, and X. These lineages branch directly from the first non-African founder node, the root of haplogroup N, and coalesce to the time of the first successful movement of modern humans out of Africa, ~60 thousand years (ka) ago. We sequenced complete mtDNA genomes from 85 Southwest Asian samples carrying these haplogroups and compared them with a database of 300 European examples. The results show that these minor haplogroups have a relict distribution that suggests an ancient ancestry within the Arabian Peninsula, and they most likely spread from the Gulf Oasis region toward the Near East and Europe during the pluvial period 55–24 ka ago. This pattern suggests that Arabia was indeed the first staging post in the spread of modern humans around the world.

The

genetic and archaeological focus on the Arabian Peninsula in the last few years has been motivated by the hypothesis that this region was probably the initial staging post in the first successful migration of anatomically modern humans out of Africa.1, 2 and 3 mtDNA data suggest that people bearing haplogroup L3 migrated from the Horn of Africa4 and 5 and recent evidence from complete sequences and improved molecular-dating techniques point to the origin of L3 within Africa ~60–70 thousand years (ka) ago.6 A key question is where L3 evolved into the two non-African haplogroups N and M. Together, N and

hnfn-°m-dp-≠t√m. CXv "al]n≈' F∂-Xn¬ \n∂mWv. sk‚v tXmakv, aK-{_m-“-W¿ \nh-kn®n-cp∂ ]m¿Yn-bm-bpsS At∏mkvX-e-\m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬, ss{IkvX-h¿°v "aK¿' F∂ \maw h∂p. "aK≥`\' F∂ XpdapJw \n∂n-cp∂ _{lo≥ Zzo]n-s\Xn-sc-bp≈ Ic-bn¬ \n∂v FØnb-h-cm-b-Xp-sIm≠v apkvenwIƒ°pw "am∏nf' F∂ t]cp h∂p. sX°p-\n∂v Ad-_n-°-S-en-eqsS {Zmhn-U-cpsS X\n-a-bp≈ Hcp

28

22 am¿®v 2014

M encompass all of the deeply rooted variation observed in the rest of the world.4 Haplogroup N and its major subclade, haplogroup R, are ubiquitous in nonAfricans and thus must have evolved very early in the dispersal process. Haplogroup M, on the other hand, is found primarily in the Indian subcontinent and farther east and has a single subclade, M1, that spread back into the Mediterranean region and eastern Africa during the Late Pleistocene.7 The age of the haplogroup N founder in western Eurasians has been estimated at ~50–65 ka,8 very close to the age of their ancestral L3 clade in Africa, suggesting that a single, continuous demographic process might explain both the initial diver-

Iq´w, sXs° C¥y-bpsS ]Sn™mtd °c-bnepw FØn Xma-kap-d-∏n-®n-cp∂p. hnZ-Kv[-cmb I∏tem-´-°m-sc∂ \ne-bn¬, I®-hSw sXmgn-em-°nb ^n\o-jy-∑m¿! _n.kn 360t\mSv ASp-∏n®v Atd_y, ^n\ojy F∂n-hn-S-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Z£nW Ata-cn-°-bpsS ]›na Xoc-Øp-IqSn AhnsS IpSn-tb-dnb Cug-h-cp-tSbpw Ac-b-∑m-cp-tSbpw IΩm-f-cptSbpw Cu apXp apØ-—∑m¿ _n.kn 613 ImeØv AhnSw hn´p-t]m-∂-XmWv. AXn¬ ]ns∂ AtX-am¿K-ß-fn-eqsS as‰mcp

{Zmhn-U-kw-Lhpw AtX sXmgnep-ambn Ing-°≥ _m_n-tem-Wnbm-bn¬ \n∂v h∂p-tN-cp-I-bp≠mbn. Xß-fpsS Np≠≥ h≈߃ hgn kntem¨, ]Sn-™m-d≥ Xoc-߃, kn‘v, Ata-cn°, _m_n-tem-Wnb XpS-ßnb cmPyß-fp-am-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p sImSp-°¬ hmß-ep-Iƒ. ]gb ss__nƒ ]d-bp∂ a[y-[-c-Wym-gn°v Ing°p≈ sehmØv, t]¿jy≥ tIcf-Ønse ]›n-a-Xo-c-ambpw hym]mc-_‘w ÿm]n-®n-cp∂p. Zp¿L-Sß-sfm-gn-hm-°m≥ B¿Øn-c-ºp∂

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


sification and expansion of L3 in eastern Africa and the exit of modern humans from Africa.6 This process is likely to have been linked to the improved climatic conditions after ~70 ka ago in eastern Africa and contradicts the recent suggestion of population continuity in eastern Arabia ~120 ka ago.9 and 10 Strictly speaking, haplogroups N and R could have arisen anywhere in the region between Southwest Asia and Australasia; basal branches are found in this region today.1 and 5 However, given L3's genesis in eastern Africa, the most parsimonious location for their origin is in the vicinity of the Arabian Peninsula.3 and 5 Modern humans arrived in the Near East only ~45–50 ka ago,11 most likely as a result of the desert barrier until climatic improvement ~50 ka ago.1, 3, 7 and 12 Aside from the widespread haplogroup R, the deepest branches in western Eurasians are the non-R members, which for convenience we denote N(xR), of haplogroup N. These members comprise three basal clades, haplogroups N1, N2, and X. Other N(xR) haplogroups include N5 in Southern Asia, N9 and A in Eastern Asia,13 and 14 N21 and N22 in Southeast Asia,1 and O and S in Australasia.15 By screening Indian and Iranian populations, Metspalu et al.13 concluded that the initial split between west- and eastEurasian haplogroups was located between the Indus Valley and Southwest Asia. The west-Eurasian haplogroups N1 (including I), N2 (including W), and X are all very rare, have patchy distributions across Eurasia,16 and have hitherto been relatively little studied. Perhaps the most noteworthy discovery has been finding haplogroup N1a in both high frequency and high diversity in Neolithic skeletons from central Europe.17 Complete sequencing of modern samples suggests that, although the origin for this haplogroup is Southwest Asian, several sources probably contributed to the Neolithic sequences, including the Near East, eastern Europe, and a local central-European source.18 Haplogroup N1b is also very rare, but one subclade, N1b2, is quite common in Jews, and a Near Eastern origin and founder effect in Ashkenazi ancestors has been suggested.19, 20 and 21 Haplogroup X spread widely

s]k-^nIv kap-{Z-Øn-eqsS t\cn´p k©-cn-®n-cp-∂n√: B[p-\nI kntemWpw tIc-fhpw hgn im¥k-ap-{Z-Øn\v ASp-Ø-Sp-Ømbn InS∂ \n›-e-Zzo-]p-I-fn¬ hn{i-an®p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Bkvt{X-enb, \yqkn-em‚v, samdojy, kpam{X, _men, t_m¿Wntbm apX-emb Ic-Iƒ Ah-cpsS Xm¬°m-enI Xmh-f-ß-fmbn `hn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂p. {ZmhnU kwL-ß-fpsS Ac-b-∂Ø-e-bp≈ h≈-ß-fpsS Dƒt°mfpw ]nSn∏pw kp{]-kn-≤-a-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

around the time of the last glacial maximum (LGM), and its presence among Native Americans remains a puzzle because the few Siberian X lineages that have been identified are not plausible ancestors of the Native American subclades X2a and X2g.22 and 23 Recently, Shlush et al.24 suggested that haplogroup X displays a relict distribution across the Near East, where it reaches both appreciable frequencies and high diversities. Such distribution points to a Near Eastern origin, which would represent a contemporary refugium or reservoir of ancient diversity. Here, we describe the diversity of 85 complete mtDNA sequences from the triangle encompassing eastern Africa, Arabia, and the Near East in the context of 300 publicly available lineages that are largely European.25 We show that haplogroups N1 and N2, as well as haplogroup X, are ancient relicts of the dispersal of modern humans from Africa ~60 ka ago and can provide insight into the earliest stages of the process. We previously characterized mtDNA diversity in populations from eastern Africa (102 from Sudan, 77 from Ethiopia, and 148 from Somalia),6 the Arabian Peninsula (185 from Yemen,26 65 from Soqotra,27 and 249 from Dubai),28 northern Africa (81 from Morocco29 and 304 from Tunisia),30 and the Near East and Caucasus.16 We sequenced hypervariable segments I and II (HVS-I and HVS-II) in samples selected from these datasets and assigned them to haplogroups. We then selected for complete mtDNA sequencing 85 haplotypes that belonged to the N(xR) paragroup, sequenced them as described previously,31 and scored mutations relative to the revised Cambridge reference sequence.32 The work was approved by the Faculty of Biological Sciences Ethics Committee at the University of Leeds and the Ethics Committee of the University of Porto (11/ CEUP/2011)...

(IqSp-X¬ hmb-\bv° - vCu ssk‰v kμ¿in-°p-I: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/ S0002929711005453)

s{X. h≈-ß-fpsS Ac-b-∂m-IrXnbpw im¥-amb kl-\-ti-jn-bpamhmw Ahsb hnhn[ h¿Æ-Øqh-ep-I-fp-≈Xpw, ]p\¿Po-hn-°p∂Xpw, kmln-Xy-Ønepw ]g-samgn-I-fnepw \nd-™p-\n¬°p-∂-Xpamb ^n\nIvkv F∂ km¶¬]nI ]£n-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-SpØp∂Xv. B[p-\nI tIcfw CØcw h≈-߃°v tIƒhn-tI´-XmWv. CuPn]vXv, Atd_y, s]dp, Nnen, ssN\ F∂o hnZqc cmPy-ß-fn¬ am{Xw Ah-bpsS amXr-I-Iƒ ImWp-tºmƒ, \mw

]n¥n-cn-™p-t\m-°m≥ \n¿_‘n-X-cm-bn-Øo-cp∂p. {][m-\-ambpw hkv{X-ßfpw DW° ao\p-am-bn-cp∂p ChnsS \n∂p-ap≈ Ib-‰p-aXn Nc-°pIƒ. Ah¿ s]k-^nIv kap{Zw XcWw sNbvXv CIz-tUm¿ Xeÿm-\-amb Iypt‰m°v t\sc ]Sn-™m-dm-bp≈ Kyme-h-tKmUv Zzo]n¬ \n∂v tXß, ]pfn, tNºv F∂nh sIm≠p-h-∂n-cp∂p. _p≤-a-X-ÿ¿°v {]nb-¶-c-amb ]qs®-Sn-sb∂ \ne-bn¬ _p≤-hnlm-c-ß-sfbpw Krlm-¶-W-ß-

22 am¿®v 2014

29


ae-bm-fn-bpsS {]—∂ Ncn{X t_m[-Øns‚ A‘-Im-c∏ - c- ∏ - ns\ t`Zn®v tIk-cnsb ]pdØp-sIm-≠p-ht- c≠ A]q¿hw Ncn{X kμ¿`-ßf- n-sem-∂mWnXv. a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-fns‚ ImeØnepw, kwL -Im-eØnepw, ]´Ww˛ apkvcnkv X¿°-Ønepw \mw A`n-ca- n-°p-∂p≠v. ]t£ tIkcn aptº Ipdn-®p-sh® {]Xy-£amb ]pXnb shfn-®ßƒ Bcp-sSbpw IÆn¬ XS-bp-∂n√. XS™m¬ Xs∂ \mw IÆ-S®v Ccp-´m-°p∂p. tIkcn Ac \q‰m≠v aptº _Z¬ Ncn-{XØns‚ hmXm-b\w Xpd-∂p-sh-®n´pw \ΩpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ am{Xw AXp kw`-hn-®n√

30

22 am¿®v 2014

sfbpw {]tim-`n-X-am-°p∂ sNºIhpw Ch-cpsS PmXn-t∏-cp-ambn _‘w ]pe¿Øp∂p. a‰p Nne h¿K°mcpw hym]m-cn-Ifpw temI-Ønse DjvW-ta-Jem {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ hf-cp∂ an°-hm-dp-sa√m kky-ß-fp-tSbpw P∑-Kr-l-amb Ba-tkm¨ h\m-¥-cß-fn¬ \n∂p ]e Imew-sIm≠v Im∏n-s®Sn, sImt°m-s®Sn, ac-®o\n XpS-ßn-b-hbpw sIm≠p-h∂p. Ata-cn°-bn-te-°p≈ am¿K-Øn¬ InS°p∂, DjvW-ta-J-e-bnse thsd Nne ]k-^nIv Zzo]p-I-fn¬ \n∂mWv ioa®° (IS-®°) h‰¬ap-fIv F∂n-hbpsS Cd-°p-aXn. AXp-t]mse ISe, I∏-e≠n, I∏ß F∂n-h-bpsS t]cpIfpw IS¬ IS-∂p-h-∂-h-bm-sW∂v kqNn-∏n-°p∂p. Cu kμ¿`-Øn¬ Cug-sØßv, Cug-t®ºv, Cug-°Æ≥ (hmg) F∂o t]cp-I-fnse [z\nbpw {i≤n-t°-≠-XmWv. A°meØv \ΩpsS \m´n¬ {]IrXym s\√v,

Icnºv, GØ-hmg F∂n-h-bm-Wp-≠mbn-cp-∂Xv. Iptd s]¿ s]k-^nIv Zzo]p-Iƒ atejy, kntem¨, Z£n-tW-¥ybpsS ]›na Xoc-߃ F∂n-hn-S-ßfn¬ Xma-k-am°n. sXßp-Irjn XpSßn. {ItaW B \mSp-I-fn¬ ÿnc-hm-k-ap-d-∏n-°pI t]mep-ap≠mbn, ]ecpw. Nmº° (Pmº°) bpw, sNº-Ihpw sNº-c-Ønbpw Pw_p Zzo]n¬ \n∂p-ap≈ tImf-\n°m¿ sIm≠p-h∂p \´p-]n-Sn-∏n-®-hbmhmw. Ahn-S-Øp-Im-cpsS t]cp-Ifnepw, BNm-cm-\p-jvTm-\-ß-fnepw _u≤˛ sslμh kwkvIm-c-am-bn-cp∂Xpw ssktKm-Wm-sW∂v tIƒhn tI´-Xp-amb sX°≥ hnb-‰v\m-an¬ ÿm]n-®n-cp∂ Nw_m kwkvIm-chpw lnμp kwkvImcw Xs∂. Ae-bm-gnbn¬ hmcn-hn-X-dn-b-Xp-t]m-ep≈ ^nen∏o≥kv Zzo]p-Iƒ At\Iw a\p-jyh¿K-ß-tfbpw `mj-I-tfbpw kwkvIm-c-ß-tfbpw Dƒs°m-≈p∂Xpw {i≤m¿l-as{X! Aøm-bncw h¿j-߃°v apºv BZy-ambn Akodn-bm-bn¬ h≈w-Ifn Ac-tß-dn-bXv Ch-cpsS ]q¿hn-I-cp-tS-Xm-bn-cp-∂ncn°mw. C¥y-bn¬ Ad-_n-I-fpsS hwi-]m-cº-cy-ap≈ h¿K-߃ ]e-Xp≠v. sX°≥ _olm-dnse taSp-I-fnepw a[y-{]-tZ-ins‚ Ing-°≥ taJ-e-Ifnepw Pohn-°p∂ BZn-hm-kn-Ifpw, aZn-cm-in-bn-tebpw \oe-Kn-cn-bn-tebpw ae-\n-c-I-fn¬ Xmh-f-a-Sn-®n-´p≈ tXmS∑mcpw {Ko°v tdma≥ P\-hn-`m-K-ß-fpambn kmZriyw hln-°p-∂-Xn\p ]pdta, kpta-dn-b≥ `mj kwkm-cn°p-∂Xpw kptadn-b≥ ssZh-ßsf Bcm-[n-°p-∂Xpw {it≤-b-amWv. Ducm-fn-I-fmb D≈m-S-cn¬ Dƒs∏Sp∂ tXmS-∑m¿ _m_n-tem-Wn-b-°mcm-sW∂v Nne B[p-\nI \c-hw-i-imkv{X-⁄¿ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-°p-∂Xpw {it≤-b-amWv. lnam-N¬ {]tZ-inse Ipep Pn√-bn¬ ]pdw-tem-I-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-SmsX, ]¿hX tZh-Xsb Bcm-[n®v amS-ß-fnepw amf-ß-fn-epambn k¥pjvS PohnXw \bn-°p∂ aem\m kap-Zm-b-°m¿ ]pcm-X\ {Koknse P\m-[n-]Xy acym-Z-Iƒ ]men-°p-Ibpw {Ko°ns‚ Nph-bp≈ `mj kwkm-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. AXp-t]mse hS-°≥ AXn¿Øn {Kmaß-fn¬ Xs∂ Ign-™p-Iq-Sp∂ `qIq´n-b-Ifpw CS-b-∑mcpw ae-a-S-°p-Ifnepw taSp-I-fnepw KoXhpw \rØhpw Poh-izm-k-Øn\p Xpey-am-°n-bn-cn-°p∂Xpw, Nn¥m-hn-j-b-am-tI≠ hkvXp-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


X-I-fmWv. F¶nepw emS¿, {Zmhn-U¿, sXep-¶¿, I¿Æm-S-I¿, alm-cm-jv{S¿ F∂o ]© {Zmhn-Usc Dƒs°m-≈p∂ sX∂n¥y icn-bmb hwi-]m-c-º-cyap¬tLm-jn-°p∂p. CXv {]tXy-In®v sXep-¶\pw tIc-fo-b-\p-a-h-Im-i-s∏-´Xm-sW∂v tIkcn ka¿∞n-°p∂p'. ]d-hq¿ inhs‚ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ \n∂v C{Xbpw `mKw FSp-sØ-gp-Xn-bXv Atd-_y-bnse {]Ya kwkvImc `qan-Ibn¬ \n∂v temI-Øns‚ hnhn[ `mKß-fn-te-°p-≠mb a\p-jys‚ IpSn-tbdn-∏m¿∏p-I-fpsS {]bmW hgn-I-sf-∏‰n hn⁄m\ imJ-Iƒ C{X-sbm∂pw hnI-kn-®n-´n-√mØ temI alm-bp-≤m-\-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

¥c ImeØv tIkcn kz¥w Nn¥m-aWvUew sIm≠v {]k-cn-∏n® A]-{KY\ ]mS-hsØ t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm\mWv. Xs‚ ssIbn-ep≈ anØp-Ifpw sFXn-ly-ßfpw BZna P\-X-bpsS Imhy-i-I-e-ßfpw, \mtSm-Sn-∏m-´p-Ifpw, ÿe-\m-a-ßfpw, ]Z-ß-fpsS F‰n-tbmf-Pnbpw kkq£vaw Cg-]n-cn-®mWv C∂v P\n-XI imkv{X-⁄¿ FØnb hgn-bn-te°v At∂ At±lw FØnbXv. C∂pw \ΩpsS _u≤nI aWvUew At±-l-tØm-sSm∏w FØnbn-´n√. C∂v temI P\-kwJym hnX-cW-sØ-∏‰n B[p-\n-Ia- mb Xnb-dn-Iƒ Zn\w-{]Xn D≠m-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p. F∂m¬ Ncn-{X-Øn\pw Bflm-hps≠∂v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Ønb Cu ssPh-Ncn-{X-Im-c≥ ae-bm-fn°v C∂pw Akv]rjvS\ - mWv. tZio-bX - b - psS ]cn-an-Xn-sb-∏‰n ]d™ At±lw GI temI-Øns‚ h‡m-hm-bn-cp∂p. PmXn°pw aXØn\pw tZi-Øn\pw AXo-Xa - mb GItemIw. temI a\p-jy¿. kwkvIm-cØns‚ BZn-a`- qan Atd-_y-bm-sW∂v ]d-bp-tºmƒ AhnsS Ckvemw Ft∂m lnμp-sht∂m k¶¬]-an√. ]p¥v, Ckvemw ]q¿h L´-Ønse Atd-_y-bmsW∂v tIkcn \sΩ t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Ønbn-´p≠v. 1935¬ Xs∂ h[-in-£-s°-Xn-cmb apJ-{]-kw-K-sa-gp-Xnb ]{Xm-[n-]¿, {Ko°v Ncn{Xw sF—n-I-ambn ]Tn®v {_n´ojv k¿°m-dns‚ Iogn¬ s{]m^k-dmbn k¿°m¿ tImf-Pn¬ ]Tn-∏n®p. ]ns∂ cmPn-sh®p. {KokmWv kwkvImc-ß-fpsS amXmhv F∂ Nnc-]p-cm-X\ XXzsØ Xncp-Øm≥ _Z-embn F._n.]n Xnbdn Ah-X-cn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v ]c-º-cm-KX Ncn-{X-Øn\v ]pd-Øp-IS∂p. tIk-cn-°p-tijw am¿´n≥ _¿Wepw hmZn-®Xv CXmWv. tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-]n≈ ]d™ Hcp hmIyw IqSn FSp-sØ-gp-Xm≥ Rm≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-\m-Ip∂p: "Fs‚ ac-Wti-jta Bfp-Iƒ Fs∂ Adn-™p-XpSßq. acn®v aq∂v hymg-h´w Ign-bptºmƒ anI-hp-I-sf-°p-dn®v Iptds» {i≤n-°m≥ Bcw-`n°pw. AºXv h¿j-am-hp-tºm-tg°pw {]i-kvX≥.' Cu Indp°v C\n \mw AwKo-I-cnt® aXn-bmIq.

* The Arabian Cradle: Mitochoudrial Relicts of the First steps along the Southern Route out of Africa- The American Journal of Human genetics (2012)''

temIw apgp-h≥ Ncn-{X-]T- \ - Ø - n\v a‰p hn⁄m-\i - mJ-Isf D]-tbm-Kn°p-tºmƒ \mant∏mgpw Ncn-{XØns‚ AS™ sk√p-Iƒ°IØv A`n-ca- n°p∂p. C¥ybnse PmXn- k-{ºZm-bs- Ø-°p-dn-®pt]mepw C∂v P\nXI ]T-\-߃ kpe`w. "B¿°ntbm P\‰nIvkv 'F∂ ]pXnb imJ Ncn{X-Im-c\v C∂v ]pXnb shfn-®ßƒ \¬Ip∂p 22 am¿®v 2014

31


tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-∏n≈

a°-Øp-t]mb

tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ sFXn-ly-ß-sfbpw ]pcm-W-ß-sfbpw ap≥\n¿Øn tNc-am≥ s]cp-am-fns‚ Ncn{Xw hni-I-e\w sNbvXv 1938 Unkw-_-dn¬ {]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Ønb teJ\w {]Xn-]mZy kwt£]w

Xn

cp-h-©n-°p-f-Øn-\-SpØp≈ sImSp-ß-√q¿ apkvenw ]≈n-bpsS hnti-j-amb in¬∏coXn AXv F.Un Ggmw \q‰m≠n¬ \n¿an-®-Xm-sW∂v kqNn-∏n°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂pw, AXns\ Xncph-©n-°pfw t£{X-Ønse Bdm´p tLmj-bm{X {]Z-£nWw sNøp-∂-Xn¬ \n∂pw AXns\ a°-Øp-t]mb Hcp tNc-am≥ s]cpam-tfmSp LSn-∏n-°p-∂Xpw {]kvXpX s]cp-amƒ Atd-_ybn¬ sN∂v ]cn-ip≤ \_n-bpsS Aº-tØgmw hb- n¬ (F.Un 628¬) At±-lsØ I≠p F∂p {]kvXm-hn-°p-∂-Xp-amb tIctfm¬∏-Øn-bpsS sFXn-ly-Øn¬ \n∂pw, \_n-bpsS \mep injy∑m¿ Ckvem-w-aX {]Nm-c-Wm¿∞w F.Un 627\p kao-]n®p IS¬ bm{X sNbvXp No\-cm-P-[m-\nbnepw No\-Øns‚ Ing-°≥ IStem-c-Øn-ep-ff Im≥S¨ apXemb Xpd-ap-J-ß-fnepw sN∂v ]m¿Øn-cp∂p F∂pw AhnsS sh®v Ah¿ acn®p F∂pw ao≥jp F∂ {]mNo\ {KŸ-Øn¬

32

22 am¿®v 2014

{]kvXm-hn-®n-´p-≈-Xn¬ \n∂pw, F.Un 628¬ tIcf-Ønse Hcp tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ Ckvemw-aXw kzoI-cn®p a°-Øp-t]mbn F∂p-ap≈ IY kw`mhy-amb Hssc-Xn-ly-am-sW∂v "HSp-hn-esØ s]cpamƒ' F∂ teJ-\-Øn¬ Cu teJ-I≥ Nq≠n°m-Wn-®n-cp-∂t√m. Cßs\ Ckvemw-aXw kzoIcn®v F.Un 628¬ Atd-_y°v t]mb Hcp tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ hmkvX-h-Øn-ep≈ aqjn-I-hwi ImhyØnse ]me-I≥ H∂m-a\pw ]Xn-‰n-∏-Ønse ]¬bm-ss\-®¬ sIgp-Ip-´p-h\pw tIcf amlmfly-Ønse \kw-i\pw Xpfp-ssh-Xn-ly-Øn¬ kp{]-kn-≤-\mb `qXe ]mWvUys‚ amXp-e\pw ap≥Km-an-bp-amb tZh-]m-WvUy-\p-am-sW∂pw IqSp-X¬ Kth-jWw sIm≠v Cu teJ-I≥ I≠p-]n-Sn-®n-´p-≈-Xn-s\-bmWv ChnsS hnh-cn-°phm≥ Xp\n-bp-∂Xv.

tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bnse sFXnlyw BZy-ambn tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ hnh-cn-®n-´p≈ sFXnlyw Npcp°n hnh-cn-°p∂p. HSp-hn-esØ s]cp-am-fpsS hm¿≤-Iy-Im-e-Øn¬ At±lw Xs‚ AI-º-Sn-°m-cpsS Xe-h-\mb ]S-a-e-\mbsc h[n-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. ]S-a-e-\m-bsc Iman-®ncp∂ s]cp-am-fns‚ `mcybv°v At±lw Iog-S-ßmsX-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬, Ip]n-X-\mb B kv{Xo ]S-a-e\m-b¿ Xs‚ Nmcn-{Xy-`w-K-Øn-\p-Zy-an®p F∂v s]cp-am-tfmSv ]d-™p-tIƒ∏n-®-Xp-sIm-≠mWv At±lw B AI-º-Sn-°m-cs\ h[n-®Xv. acn-°m\mb ]S-a-e-\m-bsc kz¿K-Øp-sIm≠p t]mIphm≥ hnam\w hcp-∂-Xp-I≠v, Xs‚ `mcy-bpsS

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


tNc-am≥ ]≈n, BZyIm-e-Nn{Xw

NXn a\- n-em-°n-bn-cp∂ s]cpamƒ Xs‚ ]m]-Øn\p ]cn-lm-cam¿Kw F¥p-s≠∂v ]S-a-e-\m-btcmSv tNmZn®p. DSs\ Aip-hn-¶¬ NXp-c-]p-cØp sshZm-gn-bm¿ F∂ tPm\-Is\ sN∂p-I≠v \memw thZw hniz-kn®v At±-l-hp-ambn Aip-hn\p t]mbm¬ ]mXntam£w In´pw F∂p adp-]Sn ]d™p-sIm≠v ]S-a-e-\m-b¿ kz¿KØn-te°v t]mIp-Ibpw sNbvXp. A\-¥cw Xs‚ cmPysØ B{inX-∑m¿°v ]¶n-´p-sIm-Sp-Ø-Xn\p tijw s]cp-amƒ sImSp-ß-√q¿ \n∂pw a°-tØ°v I∏¬ Ibdn. hgn°v sImbn-em-≠n-bnepw [¿Ω]-´-WØpw bYm-{Iaw H∂pw aq∂pw Znhkw Cdßn Xma-kn-®Xn-\p-tijw [¿Ω-]-´-W-Øp-\n∂v s]cp-amƒ Atd-_y-bn-te°v I∏tem-Sn®p t]mIp-Ibpw Ic-bv°ndßn A∂p Pn±-bn¬ ]m¿Øn-cp∂ \_nsb sN∂p-I≠v Ckvemw-aXw kzoI-cn®v. XmPp-±o≥ F∂ t]cv ssIs°m≠p. A\-¥cw Ct±lw Ad-_n¬ cmPm-hmb aen°v l_o_-Zo-\m-dpsS s]ßsf IeymWw Ign®v A©p h¿jw AhnsS ]m¿Ø-Xn-\p-tijw Xs‚ kyme\mb {]kvXpX cmPm-hn-t\mSpw Ct±-l-Øns‚ ]Xn-\©v a°-tfmSpw-IqSn skl¿ ap°¬l F∂

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

\m´n¬ Xncn-®p-h∂v ChnsS hoSpw ]≈nbpw ]Wn-I-gn-∏n®v ]m¿Øp. Cßs\ ]m¿°p-tºmƒ tIc-fØn¬ Ckvemw-aX {]N-cWw \SØp-hm≥ \n›-bn®v Ahn-tS°v t]mIp-∂-Xn\pw th≠ Hcp-°ßƒ sNbvXp-Xp-Sßn. F∂m¬ bm{X ]pd-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn\p apºv s]cp-amƒ ]\n-]n-Sn®v acn-®pt]mbn. At±-lsØ AS-°n-bXv At±lw AhnsS ]Wn-I-gn-∏n® ]≈n-bn-em-bn-cp∂p. s]cp-am-fns‚ ac-Wm-\-¥cw At±-l-Øns‚ kyme-\mb amen° l_n-_-Zn\m¿ s]cp-am-fns‚ ap{Zbpw FgpØp-Ifpw FSpØv `mcym-]p-{Xm-ZnI-tfm-Sp-IqSn c≠v I∏-ep-I-fn¬ tIdn tIc-f-Øn-te°v Xncn®p. CXn¬ Hcp I∏¬ a[p-c-bv°-sØØn-b-t∏mƒ amen° l_o_ Zo\m-dpsS Hcp ]p{X≥ AhnsS Cdßn Hcp ]≈n ]Wn-bn®v AhnsS ImZn-bmbn ]m¿Øp. amen°v l_o-_-Zo-\m¿ at‰ I∏en¬ \n∂pw sImSp-ß-√q-cn-en-dßn s]cp-am-fns‚ FgpØv A[n-Im-cnIƒ°v sImSpØp. cmP-k-Ω-XtØm-Sp-IqSn AhnsS Hcp ]≈n ]Wn-bn®v \nh-kn®p. ]n∂oSv At±l-Øns‚ A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ At±-lØns‚ BPvRm-\p-k-cWw sImbn-em-≠n°v kao-]-ap≈

sIm√Øpw amSm-bnepw hm°∂qcpw ssa°p-fØpw Im™ntcmSpw inc-hp-]-´-WØpw (AXmbXv C∂sØ {ioI-WvT-]p-cØnepw) [¿Ω-]-´-WØpw ]¥em-bn-\n-bnepw Nmen-bØpw Hmtcm ]≈n-Iƒ ]Wn-bn®v B ÿe-ß-fn¬ ]m¿Øp-h∂p. amen°v l_o_ Zo\m¿ Iptd°mew Ign™v acn-°pIbpw At±-lsØ sImSp-ß-√q¿ ]≈n-bn¬ AS-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.

CXns‚ Imew F.Un 628 s]cp-amƒ a°Øp sN∂p \_nsb I≠-t∏mƒ \_n°v 57 hb- p-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂p tIctfm¬∏Øn ]d-™n-´p-≈-Xn-\m¬ s]cp-amƒ a°-Øp-t]m-bXv F.Un 628emsW∂v kn≤n-°p∂p. skl¿ ap°¬l F∂ \m´n¬ s]cp-amƒ Xncn-®p-h∂p ]≈nbpw hoSpw ]Wn-bn®v A©v h¿jw Ign-™n-´m-I-bm¬ At±lw AhnsS Xncn-®p-h-∂Xv F.Un 634embn-cn-°Ww. ]f-fnbpw hoSpw ]Wn-I-gn-∏n®v AhnsS Iptd-\mƒ ]m¿Ø-Xn\p tijamWv s]cp-amƒ acn-®Xv. skl¿ a°¬l-bn¬ Xncn-®p-h-∂-Xn-\ptijw Hcp aq∂p-sIm√w IqSn s]cp-amƒ Pohn-®n-cp∂p F∂p

22 am¿®v 2014

33


hnNm-cn°mw. At∏mƒ Dt±iw F.Un 637\p kao-]n®v s]cp-amƒ acn®p F∂pw AXn-\-SpØ ImeØp-Xs∂ amen°v l_o_ Zo\mdpw IpSpw-_hpw tIc-f-Ønte°p t]m∂p-sh∂pw kn≤n°p∂p.

`mkvIc chn-h¿Ω s]cp-amtfm ]≈n t]mW-s∏-cp-amtfm A√ tIc-tfm¬∏Øn Cu kw`-hßsf HSp-hn-esØ s]cp-am-fmbn hnNm-cn-®p-t]m-cp∂ `mkvI-c-c-hnh¿a-t\m-SmWv LSn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂sX-¶nepw F.Un 978 apX¬ 1036 hsc \mSp-hm-Wn-cp∂ `mkvI-c-chn-h¿Ωs‚ ImeØv \S-∂-h-b√ Cu kw`-h-߃ F∂v "HSp-hnesØ tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ' F∂ teJ-\-Øn¬ Cu teJ-I≥ ÿm]n-®n-cp-∂t√m. ]ns∂bpw ]≈n _mW-s∏-cp-am-fns‚ Ncn{Xw hnh-cn-°p-tºmgpw tIctfm¬∏-Øn-bpsS I¿Ømhv ]≈n-_m-W-s∏-cp-amfpw a°-Øpt]mbn F∂p ]d-bp-∂p≠v. ]≈n_m-W-s∏-cp-amƒ aXw amdn-sb∂Xv icn-bm-sW-¶nepw, At±lw kzoI-cn® aXw ssP\-a-X-amsW∂pw teJ-\-ß-fn¬ Cu teJ-I≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-´p≠t√m. ]≈n-_m-W-s∏-cp-amƒ°v GXm\pw Xe-ap-d-Iƒ°v apºmbn F.Un 628 hsc \mSp-hmWn-cp∂ s]cp-am-fmWv a°Øp t]mb-sX∂v tIc-tfm¬∏Øn \¬Ip∂ hnh-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂pXs∂ A\p-am-\n°mw.

Ad-_n-Ir-Xn-bnse sFXnlyw tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ hnh-cn-®n´p≈ {]kvXpX sFXn-ly-tØmSv Gsd-°psd kmay-ap≈ Hcp sFXnlyw F.Un 16˛mw iXm-_vZØns‚ DØ-cm¿≤-Øn¬ _oP]q¿ kp¬Øms‚ cmP-[m-\n-bn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ sjbv°v ssk\p±o≥ Xs‚ Ad-_n-Ir-Xn-bmb X^-Øp¬ apP-l-Zo\n≥ hnh-cn®n-´p≠v. AXns‚ Npcp°w NphsS tN¿°p∂p. apkvenw-IfpsS Hcp ]pWy-ÿ-e-amb kntem-Wnse BUw-ÿn°v F∂ ae kv]¿in-°p-hm≥ t]mIp-∂-Xn-\n-Sbv°v sImSp-ß-√q-

34

22 am¿®v 2014

cnse Ipsd apkvenw Ad-_n-IfpsS \mb-I-\mb Hcp sjbv°v A∂sØ tNc-am≥ s]cp-amsf kμ¿in®v \_n-sb-∏-‰n-bp≈ hnh-c-߃ At±-lsØ [cn-∏n°p-I-bp-≠mbn. Cu hnh-c-ßfpsS Iq´-Øn¬ N{μ-_nw-_Øns‚ JWvU\w F∂ \_nbpsS A¤p-X-Ir-Xy-sØ-∏-‰nbpw sjbv°v s]cp-am-tfmSv ]d™p. At∏mƒ \_nsb ImW-W-sa∂v s]cp-am-fn\v B{Klw tXm∂n. X∂n-anØw s]cp-amƒ sjbvJnt\mSv kntem-Wnse Xo¿∞-bm{X Ign™v AhnsS Xncn-®p-sN-√-Wsa∂pw Xm\pw Ah-tcm-Sp-IqSn Atd-_y-bn-te°v t]mIp-hm≥ hnNm-cn-°p∂p F∂pw F∂m¬ Cu hnhcw Xs‚ {]P-I-fn¬ HcpØ-t\mSpw Adn-bn®p t]mI-cpsX∂pw ]d™p. sjbvJpw A\pbm-bn-Ifpw Xo¿∞-bm{X Ign™v Xncn®v sImSp-ß-√q-cn¬ sN∂-t∏mƒ s]cp-amƒ Atd-_ybn-te°v bm{X sNøp-hm≥ Hcp I∏¬ cl-ky-ambn G¿∏mSv sNøp-hm≥ sjbvJn-t\mSv B⁄m-]n®p. A\-¥cw s]cpamƒ Ggp-Zn-hkw Xs∂ Bcpw kμ¿in-°-cp-sX∂v Hcp I¬]\ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn®p. AtXm-Sp-Iq-SnØs∂ At±lw Xs‚ cmPyØns‚ hnhn[ `mK-ßsf `cn-°phm≥ \mSp-hm-gn-Isf \n›-bn®v Fgp-Xn-sh-bv°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. A\-¥cw Hcp cm{Xn-bn¬ sjbv°v G¿∏mSv sNbvXn-cp∂ Hcp I∏-en¬ cl-ky-ambn sjbv°n-t\mSpw A\p-bm-bn-ItfmSpw H∏w tIdn s]cp-amƒ Atd-_y-bn-te°v Xncn®p. t]mIp∂ hgn ]¥-em-bn-\nbnepw [¿Ω-]-´-WØpw Cdßn bYm-{Iaw H∂pw aq∂pw Znh-k߃ Xma-kn-®-Xn\p tijw s]cpamƒ [¿Ω-]-´-W-Øp-\n∂pw ho≠pw I∏-en¬ Ibdn Atd-_ybn-te°v t]mhp-Ibpw sNbvXp. s]cp-amƒ AhnsS FØn-bXn\p tijw Iptd-°mew AhnsS Xma-kn®p. A\-¥cw tIc-f-Ønte°v Ckvemw-aX {]Nm-cWm¿∞w Xncn-®p-t]m-Ip-hm≥ At±lw h´w-Iq´n. F∂m¬ bm{X ]pd-s∏Spw apºv s]s´∂v acn-®p-t]mbn. acn-°p-∂-Xn\p apºv At±lw Xt∂m-Sp-IqSn tIcf-Øn-te°v t]mIp-hm≥ k∂-≤-

cm-bn-cp∂ Ad_n kvt\ln-X-∑mtcmSv Ah¿ \n›-bn-®n-cp∂ tIc-fbm{X apS-°-cp-sX∂v ]d™v AhcpsS ]°¬ tIc-f-Ønse `c-Wm[n-Im-cn-°p≈ Iptd IØp-Iƒ G¬∏n-®n-cp∂p. IqSmsX Xs‚ ac-W-hn-hcw tIc-fo-bsc [cn-∏n°-cp-sX∂v At±lw Ah-tcm-Sp-]tZ-in®p. s]cp-am-tfm-Sp-IqSn tIc-fØn-te°v t]mIp-hm≥ k∂-≤-cmb-h¿ inbq_v C_v\p amen°pw Assew \nhm-kn-bmb At±-lØns‚ ktlm-Z-c\pw amen°v C_v\p Zo\mdpw At±-l-Øns‚ acp-a-I-\p-amb amenIv C_v\p l_o_pw a‰p Nne-cp-am-bn-cp∂p. s]cp-am-fns‚ ac-Wm-\-¥cw Iptd h¿jw Ign-™-Xn-\p-tijw C_v\p amenIv, amenIv C_v\p Zo\m¿, amenIv C_v\p l_o_v, Ct±-l-Øns‚ `mcybpw IpSpw_hpw Nne B{in-X-∑mcpw F∂nh¿ Atd-_y-bn¬ \n∂v I∏¬ Ibdn sImSp-ß-√q-cn-te°v t]m∂p. sImSp-ß-√q-cn¬ h∂v Ch¿ A∂v AXns\ `cn-®n-cp∂ cmPm-hn\v a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-amfpsS Fgp-Øp-sIm-SpØp. DSs\ At±lw Ah¿°-hnsS Iptd `qan \¬In. AXn¬ amen°v C_v\p Zo\m¿ Hcp ]≈n ]Wn-bn®v AhnsS Ibdn ]m¿°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Iptd \mƒ Ign™v At±-l-Øns‚ acp-a-I≥ amenIv C_v\p l_o_v sIm√w, amSmbn, t_mtKm¿, awK-em-]pcw, Im™n-tcm´v, inc-hp-]-´Ww, [¿Ω-]-´Ww, ]¥-em-bn\n, NmenbØv F∂o ÿe-ß-fn¬ t]mbn Hmtcm ]≈n hoXw ]Wn-bn-°p-Ibp-≠mbn. A\-¥cw Iptd-°mew Ign™v Nne A\p-N-c-∑m-tcm-SpIqSn amenIv C_v\p Zo\m¿ Atd_y-bn-te°v I∏¬ Ibdn AhnsS FØn At±lw s]cp-am-fns‚ ih-Ip-Socw kμ¿in®p. A\-¥cw At±lw t]¿jy-bnse sJmdkm≥ {]tZ-iØv k©-cn-°pIbpw AhnsS sh®v ac-W-a-S-bpIbpw sNbvXp. amen°v C_v\p l_o_pw `mcybpw sImSp-ß-√qcn¬ sh®mWv acn-®Xv. Cu hnh-c߃ F√mw \¬In-b-Xn-\p-tijw Cu {]mNo-ss\-Xn-ly-amWv km[mc-W-bmbn {]Nm-c-ap-≈-sX∂pw, CsX√mw kw`-hn® Ime-sØ-∏‰n kq£va-ambn Hc-dn-hp-an-s√∂pw CsX√mw \S-∂Xv lnPvd°v

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


tijw (F.Un 622\p tijw) 200 h¿jw Ign-™n-´m-sW∂p hnNm-cn°p-hm≥ Imc-W-ap-s≠∂pw, ]t£ tIc-f-Ønse apkvenw-I-fpsS CSbv°p≈ hnizmkw CsX√mw \S∂Xv \_n-bpsS Ime-Øm-sW∂pw, s]cp-amƒ \_nsb kμ¿in®p F∂p-IqSn Ah¿ hniz-kn-°p-∂psh∂pw sjbvJv skbv\p-±o≥ ]dbp-∂p≠v. IqSmsX s]cp-am-fns‚ ih-Ip-Socw tkm^-dn¬ BsW∂pw Xs‚ ImeØpw AXns‚ amlmflyw \nanØw AXp apkvenwIƒ kμ¿in-°m-dp-s≠∂pw AhnsS-bp≈-h¿ AXn-e-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂ cmPm-hns\ Akv˛kapcn F∂mWv hnfn-®p-h-cp-∂-sX∂pw tjbvJv skbv\p-±o≥ Ah-km-\-ambn {]kvXm-hn-®n-cn-°p∂p.

aq∂v sFXn-ly-߃°v XΩn-ep≈ hyXym-k-߃ tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bpsS sFXn-lyØn\pw sXmlv ^pXv˛ C¬ap-÷mln-Zn-\nse sFXn-ly-Øn\pw XΩn¬ hfsc kmZr-iy-ap-s≠¶nepw Ahbv°v XΩn¬ Nne hyXym-k-ßfpw C√m-Xn√. s]cpamƒ Atd-_y-bn¬ sN∂n-d-ßnb ÿe-Øn\v skbv\p-±o≥ sImSpØ t]cv jplq¿ F∂m-Ip∂p. Cu Ad_n hm°v AZ¿ XpSßn Ha≥ hsc-bp≈ Atd-_y-bpsS sX°≥ IS-tem-c-amWv kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-sX∂v skbv\p-±os‚ IrXnsb Cw•o-jnte°v X¿÷a sNbvX se^v‰-\‚v due-≠vsk≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n´p≠v. t\sc adn®v tIc-tfm¬∏-Ønbn¬ ]d-™n-´p≈Xv s]cp-amƒ skl¿ ap°¬ l F∂ _‘-dn¬ sN∂n-dßn F∂m-Ip∂p. Cu skl¿ AYhm k^¿, Atd-_ybpsS sX°p-]-Sn-™mdv `mK-Øp≈ ba≥ {]tZ-iØv sN¶¬°-c-bnep≈ Hcp Xpd-ap-J-amWv. ap°¬ F F∂Xv anhvem^v F∂ Ad_n hm°ns‚ ae-bm-f-cq-]-am-Ip∂p. ba\nse kwÿm-\-߃°v anJvem^v (kwÿm\w) F∂ kmam-\y-\m-aap≠v. AXn-\m¬ _l¿ _p°¬ l F∂Xv sN¶-S¬ Xoc-Øp≈ ba\nse Hcp kwÿm-\-Øn-t‚bpw AXns‚ Hcp Xpd-ap-J-Øn-t‚bpw t]cm-sW∂v hnNm-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn°p∂p. tIc-tfm¬∏Øn A\p-kcn®v s]cp-amƒ sN∂n-d-ßnb skl¿ ap°¬ lbn¬ sh®p Xs∂-bm-W-t±lw Nc-a-a-S-™Xpw.

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

AXn-\m¬ tIc-fob sFXn-ly-a\p-k-cn®v s]cp-am-fns‚ ih-IpSocw sN¶-S¬ Xoc-ØmWv ÿnXn sNøp-∂Xv. Cu hnizmkw sX‰m-sW∂pw skm^-dn-emWv AXv ÿnXn sNøp-∂-sX∂pw skbv\p-±o≥ ]d-bp∂p. Ham≥ Dƒ°-S-en¬ Ham≥ cmPy-Øns‚ Ing°v XocØv skml¿ AYhm tkm^¿ F∂ Xpd-ap-J-ap≠v. CXm-bn-cn°pw s]cp-am-fpsS iph-Ip-So-c-ÿ-e-ambn skbv\p±o≥ ]d-bp∂ skm^¿. sN¶S¬Øo-c-ØmWv s]cp-am-fpsS ih-Ip-Socw ÿnXn sNbvXn-´p≈-sX∂ tIc-fob sFXn-lyamWv IqSp-X¬ hnizm-k-tbm-Kyam-bn-´p-≈Xv. s]cp-amƒ \_nsb kμ¿in® B≠mb F.Un 628¬ ba-\n¬ Ckvemw aXw hniz-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xmbn \ap°v Adn-bm-hp-∂-Xn-\mepw, a°-Øn\p kao]w \nh-kn-®ncp∂ \_nsb kμ¿in-°p-hm\mbn Ham-\nse Xpd-ap-J-ß-sf°mƒ ba-\nse Xpd-ap-J-ßfmWv IqSp-X¬ kuI-cy-{]Zw F∂-Xn-\mepw ba-\nse skml-dn¬ s]cp-amƒ Cd-ßnsb∂v hnNm-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn°p∂p. skml-dn¬ kmaq-Xn-cnbpsS t]cv kvacn-∏n-°p∂ Akv˛kapcn Fs∂mcp tIcf cmPm-hns‚ ih-Ip-Socw Ds≠∂v skbv\p-±o≥ ]d-™n-´p-≈-Xn¬ hmkvX-h-ap-s≠-¶n¬ ]n¬°meØv Ckvemw-aXw kzoI-cn® Hcp tIcf cmPm-hm-bn-cn°pw Akv˛kapcn. F.Un 14˛mw iXm_vZ-Øns‚ ]q¿hm¿[-Øn¬ tIcfw kμ¿in-®n-cp∂ {]kn≤ k©m-cn-bmb C_v\p _ØqØ hf-]-´-W-Ønse Hcp ]≈n A∂sØ tIme-Øn-cnbpsS ]nXm-a-l\pw Ckvemw aXm-\p-km-cn-bmb Hcp cmPmhv ]Wn-bn-®-Xm-sW∂pw ]d-™n´p-≈Xv ChnsS kvac-Wo-b-amWv. A∂sØ tIc-f-Ønse {]_-e\mb cmPmhv kmaq-Xn-cn-bm-Ibm¬ Atd_y \nhm-kn-Iƒ F√m tIcf cmPm-°-∑m-scbpw kmaq-Xncn F∂p hnfn®p h∂Xm-bn-cn°mw. CXp \nan-Ø-ambn-cn°mw, skml-dn-ep≈ ihIp-Socw Akv˛kaq-cn-bp-tS-XmsW∂v Ad-_n-Iƒ ]d-™p-h-

22 am¿®v 2014

35


∂n-cp-∂Xpw. s]cp-amƒ a°Øv t]mbXv F.Un 9˛mw iXm-_vZ-Øn-em-sW∂p≈ sjbv°v skbv\p-±os‚ A`n-{]mbw tIc-fob sFXn-lyØn\p hncp-≤-am-bn-´p-≈-XmWv. F.Un 788˛¬ acn® Hcp apkvenw Ad-_n-bmb Aen˛C_v\p C^m¿ams‚ ih-Ip-Soc kvamc-Iine ]¥-em-bn\n sIm√sØ aøØvIp-∂n¬ I≠p-]n-Sn-®n-´p-≈Xv, skbv\p-±o≥ ]d-bp∂ HºXmw iXm-_vZ-Øn\p apºp-Xs∂ apkvenw-I-fmb Ad-_n-Iƒ tIcf-Øn¬ h∂p-]m¿Øn-cp∂p F∂v ImWn-°p-∂p≠v. tIc-tfm¬∏Øn-bnse sFXn-ly-Øn\pw skbv\p-±o≥ {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p-≈Xn\pw XΩn-ep≈ as‰mcp hyXymkw, s]cp-am-fns‚ ac-Wm\-¥cw aX-{]-Nm-c-Wm¿∞w tIcf-Øn-te°v ]pd-s∏´ Ad_n am\y-∑m-cpsS t]cp-Isf kw_‘n-®p-≈-Xm-Ip∂p. Cu hyXymkw kmc-am-bn-´p-≈-Xs√∂pw, tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ ]d-bp∂ amen°v l_o_, Zo\m¿ F∂ \maw skbv\p-±o≥ ]d-bp∂ aq∂v {]am-Wn-I-fmb (Knbq^v) C_v\p amen°v, amen°v C_v\p Zo\m¿, amen°v C_v\p l_o_v F∂n-h-cpsS t]cp-Iƒ Iq´n-t®¿Ø-Xn¬ \n∂p-≠m-bXp am{X-am-sW∂pw tXm∂p∂p. amen°v C_v\p Zo\m¿ F∂ \ma-Øns‚ bYm¿∞ cq]w amen°v C_v\p AZo-\m¿ BsW-¶n¬, \_n P\n® a°sØ Jpssdin tKm{XØns‚ aqe-h¿K-amb AZo-\m¬ h¿K-Øns‚ \maw AXv kqNn-∏n°p-∂-XmWv. CXp icn-bm-sW¶n¬ s]cp-amƒ hnhmlw sNbvXXmbn ]d-bp∂ Ad_n h\nXbpw Ah-cpsS ktlm-Z-c-\mb amen°v C_v\p Zo\mdpw Jpssdin tKm{X-tØmSv _‘pXz-ap≈ Hcp tKm{X-Ønse AwKß-fm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°p-hm-\n-S-bp≠v. \_n-bpsS ImeØv Atd-_y-bnep≈ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ sba≥, lod, Kkm≥ apX-emb {]tZ-i-ßfnse Inco-S-[m-cn-I-fmb cmPm-°∑mcpw Inco-S-[m-cn-I-f-s√-¶nepw Ah-tcmSv Xpey-amb A[n-Im-cß-fp≈ tKm{X \mb-I-∑m-cp-ambn-cp∂p. tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ amen°v C_v\p Zo\m¿ Ac-hnse

36

22 am¿®v 2014

cmPm-sh∂p ]d-™n-´p-f-fXv At±lw a°-Øn\p kao-]-ap≈ Hc-d_n tKm{X-°m-c-\m-b-Xp-sIm≠m-bn-cn°mw. ]ns∂bpw tIc-tfm¬∏-Ønbn¬ ]d-™n-´p≈ ]Xn-s\m∂v ]≈n-Iƒ°v ]Icw skbv\p-±o≥ ]Øp ]≈n-Iƒ am{Xw {]kvXmhn-®n-´p-≈Xv a[p-c-bnse ]≈n tIc-f-Øn\p ]pdsa ÿnXn-sNbvXn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ ]d-™n´p≈ h°-∂q¿ ]≈nbpw ssa°pfØp ]≈n-tb-bp-amWv skbn-\p±o≥ bYm-{Iaw _wtKm¿ ]≈nsb∂pw awK-em-]pcw ]≈nsb∂pw t]cn-´n-´p-≈Xv. hm°∂q¿ AYhm _wtKm¿ ]≈n sXs° Im\d Pn√-bpsS DØ-c`m-K-Øp≈ _m¿°q¿ ]≈n-bmIp∂p. tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ tIcf-Øn-te°v h∂ aq∂v Ad_n \mb-I-∑m-scbpw Hcm-fm°n ]d™n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ sImSp-ß√q¿ sh®p acn® \mb-I≥ amen°v C_v\p l_o-_m-sW∂p≈ skbv\p-±os‚ hm°p-IfmWv hnizm-k-tbm-Ky-am-bn-´p≈Xpw.

a‰p sXfn-hp-Iƒ tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bnepw sXmlv^p-Xp¬ apPm-ln-Zo-\nepw {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p≈ {]kvXpX sFXnlyw hnizm-k-tbm-Ky-amsW∂v ImWn-°p∂ a‰p sXfn-hpI-fn-te°v IS°mw. H∂m-a-Xmbn, s]cp-amƒ a°-tØ°p t]mbXmbn ]d-bp∂ F.Un 628 Ckvemw Ncn-{X-Øn¬ {]m[m-\yap≈ Hcm-≠mWv. Xm≥ ÿm]n® aX-Øns‚ {]Nm-c-W-Øn-\mbn \_n A∂sØ {][m\ cmPm-°∑m-cpsS ASp-°-te°v ZqX-∑msc Ab-®Xv B B≠nepw AXn\p kao-]n-®p-am-bn-cp∂p. tdmam N{Ih¿Øn-bmb sldm-¢n-bkv, ]mcknI N{I-h¿Øn-bmb Ip{_p ]m¿hokv No\sØ Smßv hwi-P\mb N{I-h¿Øn, A_n-ko-\n-bmbnse cmPmhv, CuPn-]vXnse `cWm-[n-Imcn, kndn-bm-bnse Kk\n cmPmhv, Atd-_y-bpsS Ing-°≥ Xoc-Øp≈ _μp-l\o^ tKm{X-Øns‚ \mb-I≥, Ahn-sS-bp≈ _lvssd-\nse `cWm-[n-Imcn F∂n-h¿°v Xs‚ ]pXn-b-aXw kzoI-cn-°p-hm≥ D]-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


tZ-in-°p∂ IØp-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn \_n Xs‚ ZqX-∑msc Cu B≠nepw AXn\p kao-]n®pw Ab-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. Cßs\ A∂sØ temI-Ønse {]_-ecmb N{I-h¿Øn-Iƒ°pw Xs‚ \m´p-Im-cmb Ad-_n-Iƒ°v I®h-S-_-‘-߃ D≠m-bn-cp∂ cmPyØnse `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°pw ktμ-i-߃ Ab® \_n ]t≠Xs∂ Xs‚ \m´p-Im¿°v I®-h-S_-‘-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ kntem-Wnsebpw tIc-f-Øn-sebpw cmPm°-∑m¿°v ktμ-i-߃ Ab-®n-cn°p-hm≥ CS-bp≠v. t]msc-¶n¬ At±lw No\-tØ°v Ab® ZqX∑m¿°v tIc-fhpw kntemWpw IS-∂p-t]m-tI-≠n-bp-an-cp∂p. \_n-bpsS injy-∑m¿ tIc-fØnepw kntem-Wnepw t]mbn-cp∂p-sh∂v sjbv°v skbv\p-±o≥ ]d-bp-∂p-ap≠v. \_n-bpsS Imeamb F.Un Ggmw iXm-_vZØns‚ ]q¿hm¿[w Xangv kwLØns‚ {]mcw-`-Im-e-sa∂v Nne-∏Xn-Im-c-Øns‚ Imew \n¿W-bn® teJ-\-Øn¬ Cu teJ-I≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-cp-∂t√m. tNc tNmf ]mWvUyw F∂o cmPy-ßfp-ambn bh-\¿ AXm-bXv tPm\I¿ AYhm Ad-_n-Iƒ [mcm-fambn I®-hSw \S-Øn-h-∂n-cp∂p F∂pw Cu bh-\-cn¬ Nnesc Cu cmPy-ß-fnse cmPm-°-∑m¿ Xß-fpsS AI-º-Sn-°m-cmbn \nban-®n-cp-∂p-sh∂pw Xangv kwLIm-hy-߃ {]kvXm-hn-°p-∂p≠v. a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-sf∂v Cu teJ-\-Øn¬ ÿm]n-°p-hm≥ t]mIp∂ ]¬bm-ss\-s®≥ sIhp-Ip-Sp-h≥ F∂ tNc-cm-Pmhns‚ tPyjvT-\mb Ca-b-h-c-º≥ s\Spw tNc-em-X≥ F∂ cmPmhv bh-\sc IS-en¬sh®v tXm¬∏n®v Ah-cpsS I∏epw AXn-ep≈ [\hpw ]nSn-®-S°n F∂p kwLIm-hy-amb ]Xn-‰n-]-Øn¬ \n∂p a\- n-em-°m-hp-∂-XmWv. \_n°v Iptd iXm-_vZ-߃°v apºpXs∂ Ad-_n-Ifpw ]m¿kn-Ifpw kntem-Wn¬ IpSn-tbdn ]m¿Øncp∂p F∂-Xn\v e£y-ß-fp≠v. Cßs\ Xs‚ \m´p-Im¿°v ASpØ _‘-ap≈ kntem-Wnte°pw tIc-f-Øn-te°pw Xs‚ aX-k-tμ-i-ßfpw sImSpØp \_n Ab® ZqX-\m-bn-cn°mw tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ ]d-™n-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

´p≈ Aip-hn-¶≥ NXp-c-]p-cØp thZm-gn-bmcpw skbv\p-±o≥ {]kvXmhn-°p∂ Xo¿∞-bm-{X-°m-cpsS Xeh-\mb sb°pw. ]ns∂bpw amen°v C_v\p Zo\mdpw Iq´cpw tIc-f-Øn¬ h∂Xv F.Un 637\p kao-]n-®msW∂v tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bn¬ \n∂v Duln-°m-sa∂v apI-fn¬ Nq≠n-°mWn-®n-´p-≠t√m. apkvenw Ad-_nIƒ `mc-X-Øns‚ ]›n-a-Xo-c-ßsf CZw-{]-Y-a-ambn B{I-an-®Xv c≠masØ Jeo-^-bmb Ha-dns‚ ImeØv, AXm-bXv F.Un 632\pw 644\pw CS-bv°m-bn-cp∂p. AXpsIm≠v F.Un 637\p kao-]n®p amen°v C_v\p Zo\m¿ aX-{]-N-cWm¿∞w tIc-f-Øn-te°v t]m∂p F∂p tIc-tfm¬∏Øn kqNn-∏n-°p∂-Xn¬ bmsXmcp kw`m-hy-X-bpan√.

FXn-c-`n-{]m-b-ß-sf-∏‰n Hcp tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ F.Un 7˛mw iXm-_vZ-Øn¬ Ckvemw-aXw kzoI-cn®p F∂v tIc-tfm¬∏Øn {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p-≈Xv hnizm-k-tbmKy-a-s√∂v Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿ hnNmcn®p hcp-∂-Xn\p Imc-W-߃ F.Un 9˛mw iXm-_vZ-Øn\pw 15˛mw iXm-_vZ-Øn\pw CSbv°v tIcfw kμ¿in-®n-cp∂ hntZi k©m-cnIƒ B sFXn-ly-sØ-∏‰n H∂pw ]d-bm-sX-bn-cp-∂n-´p-≈Xpw F.Un 9˛mw iXm-_vZ-Øn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ kpsse-am≥ F∂ Ad_n k©mcn `mc-X-Ønepw No\Øpw Hcp \m´pIm-c\pw Ckvemw-aXw A∂p kzoIcn-®n-cp-∂n√ F∂p {]kvXm-hn-®-Xpam-Ip∂p. F∂m¬ C∂sØ Kthj-W-ß-fpsS ^e-ambn F.Un Ggmw iXm-_vZ-Øn¬ No\Øpw kntem-Wnepw \m´p-Im-cmb apkvenw-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂v I≠p-]n-Sn-®n-´p≠v. AXn-\m¬ Cu c≠p cmPy-ß-sfbpw t]mse Ad_n-Iƒ°v I®-hS _‘-ap-≠m-bncp∂ tIc-f-Ønepw {]tXy-In®v 7˛mw iXm-_vZ-Øn¬ a°-Øp-t]mb Hcp s]cp-am-fpsS sFXn-ly-ap≈ tIc-fØnepw, Ggmw iXm-_vZ-Øn¬ \m´p-Im-cmb apkvenw-Iƒ D≠m-bncp∂p F∂v hnNm-cnt® aXn-bmIq. hntZi k©m-cn-Iƒ Cßs\ Hcp sFXn-lysØ {]kvXm-hn-°m-sXbn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v Aßs\ HsscXnlyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-s√∂v hcp-∂X-√t√m. kpsse-am≥ ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-

F.Un 628¬ tIc-f-Ønse Hcp tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ Ckvemw-aXw kzoI-cn®p a°-Øp-t]mbn F∂pap≈ IY kw`m-hy-amb Hssc-Xn-ly-am-sW∂v "HSphn-esØ s]cp-amƒ' F∂ teJ-\-Øn¬ Cu teJ-I≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-cp-∂t√m. Cßs\ Ckvemw-aXw kzoI-cn®v F.Un 628¬ Atd-_y°v t]mb Hcp tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ hmkvX-h-Øn-ep≈ aqjnI-hwi Imhy-Ønse ]meI≥ H∂m-a\pw ]Xn-‰n-∏Ønse ]¬bm-ss\-®¬ sIgp-Ip-´p-h\pw tIcf amlm-fly-Ønse \kwi\pw Xpfp-ssh-Xn-lyØn¬ kp{]-kn-≤-\mb `qXe ]mWvUys‚ amXpe\pw ap≥Km-an-bp-amb tZh-]m-WvUy-\p-am-sW∂pw IqSp-X¬ Kth-jWw sIm≠v Cu teJ-I≥ I≠p-]n-Sn-®n-´p-≈-Xn-s\bmWv ChnsS hnh-cn-°phm≥ Xp\n-bp-∂Xv

22 am¿®v 2014

37


skl¿ ap°¬l F∂ \m´n¬ s]cp-amƒ Xncn®p-h∂p ]≈nbpw hoSpw ]Wn-bn®v A©v h¿jw Ign-™n-´m-Ib - m¬ At±lw AhnsS Xncn-®ph-∂Xv F.Un 634embn-cn°Ww. ]f-fnbpw hoSpw ]Wn-I-gn-∏n®v AhnsS Iptd-\mƒ ]m¿Ø-Xn\p tij-amWv s]cp-amƒ acn®Xv. skl¿ a°¬lbn¬ Xncn-®p-h-∂-Xn-\ptijw Hcp aq∂p-sIm√w IqSn s]cp-amƒ Pohn-®ncp∂p F∂p hnNm-cn°mw. At∏mƒ Dt±iw F.Un 637\p kao-]n®v s]cpamƒ acn®p F∂pw AXn\-SpØ Ime-Øp-Xs∂ amen°v l_o_ Zo\mdpw IpSpw-_hpw tIc-fØ - nte°p t]m∂p-sh∂pw kn≤n-°p∂p

®n-´p≈ A`n-{]mbw kq£va hnhc-߃ Adn-bmsX ]pd-s∏-Sp-hn-®n´p≈ H∂m-sW∂p thWw hnNmcn-t°-≠Xv. F.Un Ggpw F´pw iXm-_vZ-ß-fn¬ Ad-_n-°-®-h-S°m¿ tIc-f-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw Ahsc tIc-fo-b¿ hfsc _lp-am-\n-®n-cp-∂p-sh∂pw ]Ømw iXm-_vZ-Ønse Hc-d_n k©m-cn-bmb amkpZn {]kvXmhn-®Xv ChnsS kvac-Wo-b-amWv. Cu Ad-_n-Iƒ Nne tIc-fo-b-scsb-¶nepw Ckvem-an-te°v aX-]cn-h¿Ø\w sNøn-®n-cp-∂n-cn°Ww.

Nne-∏-Xn-Imcw, ]Xn-‰n-∏Øv F∂n-h-bn¬ \n∂p≈ sXfn-hp-Iƒ Hcp tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ Ggmw iXm-_vZ-Øns‚ ]q¿hm¿[Øn¬ Ckvemw aXw kzoI-cn®v a°-Øp-t]mbn F∂p≈ sFXnlyw hmkvX-h-am-sW-∂p≈-Xn\v G‰hpw {]mNo-\hpw G‰hpw {]_-e-hp-amb {]amWw, F.Un Ggmw iXm-_vZ-Øns‚ DØ-cm¿[-Øn¬ cNn-®-XmsW∂v Cu teJ-I≥ Nq≠n-°mWn-®n-´p≈ Xangv kwL alm-Imhy-amb Nne-∏-Xn-Im-c-amWv. Nne∏-Xn-Im-c-Ønse \Sp-I¿Im-ssXbn¬ DXn-b≥ tNc-em-Xs‚ ]p{X\pw Ca-b-h-c-º≥ s\Spw tNc-em-Xs‚ A\p-P-\p-amb ]¬bmssX sN¬sI-gp-Iq-´p-h≥ F∂ tNc-cm-Pm-hns‚ ]cm-{I-aßsf NphsS tN¿Øn-cn-°p∂ coXn-bn¬ hnh-cn-®n-cn-°p∂p:

38

22 am¿®v 2014

""\m∑-ssd-bm-f≥ sNøqSv sIm≠v ta\n-sse-bp-eIw hnSp-tØ-\mbn\pw t]m‰n aA-bn¿ apssd-bn¿ sImƒsI\ Iq‰p-hssc \ndpØ sIm‰-h-\mbn\pw h≥sNm¬ bh-\¿ hf-\mSmºp s]m≥]´p s\Sp-hssc ]pIpt¥-\m-bn\pw anI¿ s]cp-¥m-ss\-sbm-Sn-cps©-cp-thm´n bI¬]-sh-dn¥ hcp-¥n-sembn\pw Dcp-sI-gp-a-c-]n-\-bnssc aÆn cpI-S-\o-c-am-Sn-t\m-\m-bn\pw Nncp-°-√p-Xssd h©n-bp-Sp¥p acp-s°mƒ sh¿hn sht´m-\mbn\pw:'' Xs‚ ]ptcm-ln-Xs‚ kvXh߃ aptJ\ kz¿Kw Xpd-∏n-®h\pw a\p-jysc {Ia-amb coXnbn¬ am{Xsa acWw A\p-`-hn-∏n°mhq F∂v ba-t\m-Sm-⁄m-]n®-h\pw, bh-\-cpsS cmPywhmWv kptacp ]¿hXw (kz¿Kw) {]m]n®-h\pw, Hcp hep-Xmb ssk\ytØm-Sp-IqSn tIm´ ]nSn-®-S-°n-bh\pw, Xs‚ ]q¿hn-I-cpsS Hcp ]pWy-a-e-bmb Abn-ssc-ae kμ¿in-®-h\pw, ]›na kap{Zw apX¬°v ]q¿h-k-ap{Zw hsc \o≠p-In-S-∂n-cp∂ Hcp cmPyw `cn-®n-cp-∂-h\pw h©n \K-cØns‚ AXm-bXv sImSp-ß-√qcns‚ \mepw-IqSpw hgn-bn¬ h∂v _u≤sc k¬°-cn®v a[psIm≠v bmKw Ign-®-h\pw F∂m-Wn-Xns‚ A¿∞w. Nne-∏Xn-Im-c-Ønse Cu `mKw ]¬bmss\ sN¬ sIgp-Iq-´p-hs\-∏‰n ]d-™n-´p-≈-Xm-sW∂v At±-lsØ kvXpXn-°p∂ ]Xn‰n-∏-Ønse aq∂mw ]Øns‚ aq∂mw ]Xn-I-Øn¬ AYhm A\p-_-‘-Øn¬ \n∂p a\- nem°mw. Cu tNc-s\-∏‰n Nne IqSp-X¬ hnh-c-߃ \¬Ip∂ Cu ]Xn-Ihpw NphsS tN¿°p∂p. "Ca-b-h-c-º‚-ºnb ssahc hpº¿Im-ss´-Ø≥ tIm \ncof bI-∏m-sh-dn¥p ]I-‰n-th´p aXn-bp-gva-c-]n≥ apXn-b-ssc-Øgof IÆ-I≥ hbv]n≥ a¨ hIpØoØp

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


Icp-¶-fn-‰n-bm-ss\-∏p-W¿ \nssc-\o´n bncp-I-c-\o-cp-samcp ]I-emSn bbnssc ]dsc Cbm-‰¬ Nm≥ ap≥t]m' sSmSp-¶m-\√n ssNbp-b¿¥ tIƒhn s\Sp-ºm-c-Xm-b-\m¿ ap¥p-d-°mSp-t]m¥ ]¬bm-ss\-sN¬sIgp IpghssX ]msse IuX-a-\m¿ ]mSn-\m¿ ]Øp-∏m´v'' lna-b-h-c-º≥ s\Spw tNc-emXs‚ A\p-P\pw, B\-a-e-bn¬ Xs‚ A[n-Imcw ÿm]n-®-h\pw tIm´ ]nSn®p Zln-∏n-®-h\pw, Xs‚ Ipe-Ønse Kpcp-P-\-ßsf XShn kt¥m-jn-∏n®v \mSp hoXn®p-sIm-Sp-Ø-h\pw Xs‚ KP-ssk\ysØ \ncØn \n¿Øn Hcp ]Ien¬ Xs∂ ]q¿h kap-{Z-Øntebpw ]›na kap-{Z-Øn-tebpw Pew sIm≠v hcp-hn®v AXn¬ Ipfn-®-h\pw Abn-ssc-ae kμ¿in-®-h\pw Xs‚ ]ptcm-ln-X\mb s\Spw `c-Zzm-P≥ X\n°p apºv hm\-{]-ÿ-\m-b-Xp-I-≠v Xm\pw Aßs\ sNbvX-h-\p-amb ]¬bm-ss\-s®¬ sIgp-Ip-Sp-hs\ (AXm-bXv At\Iw KP-\n-c-Ifp≈ tNc-cm-Pm-hn-s\-∏‰n ]msseKu-X-a≥ ]mSnb ]Øp-]m´v F∂mWv CXns‚ A¿∞w.) CXn¬ ]d-™n-´p≈ Abn-ssc-ae ]g\n Xmeq-°n-ep≈ sFh¿ aebm-sW∂v Ahn-sS-bp≈ Hcp inem-im-k-\-Øn¬ \n∂v a\- nem°mw. B\-a-ebpw kao-]-{]-tZi-ßfpw ]nSn-®-S-°n-b-tXm-Sp-IqSn Ct±lw CXn-\-Sp-Øp≈ ]g-\nØm-eq°pw ]nSn-®-S-°n-bn-cp-∂n-cn°Ww. Cu tNc-∑m¿ sImwKptZiw ]nSn-®-S-°n-sb∂pw ]Xn-‰n-∏Øn¬ ]d-™n-´p≠v. Nne-∏-Xn-Im-c-Øn-sebpw ]Xn‰n-∏-Øn-sebpw Cu `mK-ß-fn¬ \n∂v, cmPyw ]Ip-Øp-sIm-Sp-ØXn\p tijw Atd-_y-bn¬ t]mbn Ckvemw aXw kzoI-cn®p ac-W-a-S-™-Xmbn tIc-tfm¬∏Ønbpw skbv\p-±o\pw {]kvXmhn-®n-´p≈ s]cp-amƒ ]¬bm-ss\s®gp Ip´p-h-\m-sW∂v kv]jvS-amIp-∂p≠v. Fs¥-∂m¬ Ct±lw Xs‚ cmPyw hoXn-®p-sIm-SpØp F∂p ]Xn-‰n-∏Øpw, Ct±-lØns‚ ImeØv sImSp-ß-√q-cn¬

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

h∂ _u≤sc, AXm-bXv apkvenw-Isf Ct±lw k¬°-cn®v lnμp-[¿a-{]-Im-c-ap≈ bmK߃°v ]Icw a[p-c-]-Zm¿∞߃sIm≠v bmKw Ign-∏ns®∂pw, Ct±lw bh-\-cpsS \m´n¬, AXm-bXv tPm\-I-cpsS, AYhm Ad-_n-I-fpsS \m´n¬ t]mbn hmWv AhnsS sh®v kz¿Kw {]m]n-®p-sh∂v Nne-∏-XnIm-chpw ]d-™n-cn-°p∂p. Nne-∏Xn-Imcw cNn-®Xv F.Un 650\pw 700\pw CS-bv°m-sW∂v Cu teJI≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-cp-∂Xv Hm¿°p-tºmƒ, AXnse Cu {]kvXm-h-\-I-fpsS AXn-bmb {]m[m\yw a\- n-em-°m-hp-∂XmWv. Cu s]cp-amƒ Atd-_y-bnte°v t]mb F.Un 628\p tijw Hsc-gp-]Xv h¿jw Ign-bp-∂-Xn\p apºv cNn-®-XmWv Nne-∏-Xn-Imcw. Nne-∏-Xn-Imc I¿Øm-hmb Cfwt¶m-h-Sn-Iƒ, Atd-_y-bn-te°p t]mb s]cp-am-fmb ]¬bm-ss\s®¬ sIgp-Ip-´-hs‚ acp-a-I\pw ]n≥Km-an-bp-amb If-¶m-bvI-Æn\m¿ apSn-tN-c-em-Xs‚ acp-a-I-\msW∂ kwK-Xnbpw ChnsS kvacWo-b-amWv. AXn-\m¬ Imew sIm≠pw _‘pXzw sIm≠pw a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-fn\v hfsc ASp-∏-ap≈ Cfw-t¶m-h-Sn-I-fpsS hm°p-Iƒ hnizm-k-tbm-Ky-am-sW∂-Xn\p bmsXmcp kwi-b-hp-an√. ]¬bm-ss\-sN¬ sIgp-Ip-´p-h≥ Atd-_y-bn-te°v t]mbn AhnsS sh®p acn-®-Xn-\m¬, At±lw Ckvemw-aXw kzoI-cn-®n-cp∂p F∂pw kn≤m-¥n-°p∂p.

apjn-Ih - w-iØ - nse GXp cmPmhv? apjnI hwi-Ønse GXp cmPm-hmWv a°-Øp-t]mb s]cpamƒ, AYhm ]¬bmss\ sN¬sI-gp-Ip-´p-h≥ F∂v C\n I≠p-]n-Sn-°p-hm≥ {ian°mw. CXn-\mbn Nne-∏-Xn-Im-c-Øns‚ Ime-sØ-∏-‰n-bp≈ teJ-\-Øn¬ Cu cmPm-°-∑m¿°v \¬In-bncp∂ Dt±i hmgvN-Im-e-߃ bYm¿∞-Im-e-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Ipsd-b-[nIw IS-∂p-t]mbn F∂v ]n∂o-Sp≈ Kth-j-W-ß-fn¬ \n∂p I≠p-]n-Sn-®n-´p-≈-Xn-\m¬ NphsS tN¿Ø ]´n-I-bn¬ Ch¿°v Ch-cpsS bYm¿∞ hmgvN-°m-e-ß-tfmSv ASp-Øn-cn-

°p∂p. Dt±-i-hm-gvN-Im-e-ßfmWv \¬In-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. a°Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-fpsS hmgvNImew Ah-km-\n-®Xv F.Un 628emsW-∂p-≈-Xns\ {][m-\ambn Bkv]-Zn-®mWv Cu Imew Ch¿°v \¬In-bn-´p-≈Xpw˛ tIc-tfm¬∏-Ønbpw kwL-Im-hy-ßfpw 1. tIb-s∏-cp-amƒ 2. tNmg-s∏-cp-amƒ 3. `qX-cmb ]m≠n-s∏-cp-amƒ 4. tIc-f-s]-cp-amƒ, Caø hcº≥ s\Spw tNc-em-X≥ 5. sN߬ ]m≠n-s]-cp-amƒ ]¬bm-ss\-s®¬sI-gp-Ip-´p-h≥ 6. tNmgnb s]cp-amƒ, If-¶mbv IÆn-\m¿ap-Sn-t®-c-em-X≥ 7. Ipe-ti-J-c-]m-≠n-s]-cp-amƒ sN¶p-´q-h≥ 8. ]≈n-®m-W-s]-cp-amƒ BSvtImSv ]mSv tNc-em-X≥ Cft¶m-h-Sn-Iƒ

aqjnI hwi-Imhyw 1. Cuim-\-h¿Ω≥ I 528-˛548 F.Un 2. Ip©n-h¿a≥ 548˛568 DXn-b≥ tNc-em-X≥ 3. Cuim-\-h¿Ω≥ II 568-˛588 4. \r]-cm-a≥ AYhm N{μh¿a≥ 588˛608 5. ]me-I≥ I 608˛-628 6. hen-[-c≥ 628˛648 7. hn{I-a-h¿a≥ AYhm cmah¿a≥ hn{I-am-Zn-Xy≥ 648˛668 8. P\-am\n 668˛688 apI-fn¬ tN¿Øn-´p≈ ]´n-Ibn¬ \n∂v a°-Øp-t]mb tNcam≥ s]cp-am-fmb ]¬bm-ss\s®¬ sIgp-Ip-´p-h≥ tIctfm¬∏-Øn-bnse sN߬ ]m≠n-s]-cp-amfpw aqjn-I-hw-iIm-hy-Ønse ]me-I≥ H∂ma\pw BsW∂v ImWm-hp-∂XmWv. ]me-I≥ H∂m-a-s\-∏‰n aqjnI hwi-Im-hy-Øn¬ {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p≈ hcn-Iƒ NphsS tN¿°p∂p. {]_-e-\mb Hcp cmPm-hm-bn-cp∂ Ip©nh¿Ωs‚ ac-Wm-\-¥cw At±-lØns‚ ]p{Xn-bpsS ]p{X-\mb Cuim-\-h¿a≥ c≠m-a≥ cmPy-`mc-ta‰p. cmPy-{`-jvS-\mbn aqjn-IØn¬ h∂p ]m¿Øn-cp∂ tNZn cmPm-hns‚ ]p{Xnbmb \μn\nsb tNZn-h¿a≥ IeymWw Ign®p. A\-¥cw At±lw B tNZn cmPm-hn\v At±-l-Øns‚

22 am¿®v 2014

39


\jvS-amb cmPyw hos≠-Sp -Ø-psIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw Xs‚ tkmZco `¿Ømhpw tIcf cmPmhp-amb cLp-]Xn Pb-cm-Ps\ tXm¬∏n®p Iog-S-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tNZn-cm-Pm-Ip-am-cn-bmb Xs‚ cm⁄n {]k-hn-°m-sX-bncn-°p-∂-Xp-I≠v Cuim-\-h¿a≥ Hcp tNmf-cm-P-Ip-am-cnsb IqSn hnhmlw sNbvXp. Cu c≠masØ cm⁄n-bn¬ \r]-cm-a≥ Fs∂mcp ]p{X≥ At±-l-Øn\p P\n-®p. Xs‚ h‘y-Xz-sØ-°pdn®v Zp:Jn®v tZho-`-P\w Ign®p \nh-kn-®n-cp∂ BZysØ cm⁄n tZhn-bpsS Ir]-bm¬ ]n∂oSv ]me-I≥ Fs∂mcp ]p{Xs\bpw Hcp ]p{Xn-sbbpw {]khn®p. ]me-Is‚ amXmhv B _mes\ Xs‚ ]nXm-hmb tNZncm-Ps‚ ASp-°-e-b®p hf¿Ønh∂p. Cuim-\-h¿as‚ ac-Wm-\¥cw \r]-cm-a≥ cmPm-hmbn `hn®p. ]me-I≥ tPyjvT-t\mSv Ie-ln-°msX ]nXm-a-l-t\m-SpIqSn tNZn-bn¬ ]m¿Øp-h∂p. \r]-cm-a≥ AYhm N{μ-h¿a≥ {]kn-≤-\mb Hcp cmPm-hm-bncp∂p. At±lw k¥m-\-iq-\y\mbn acn-®-t∏mƒ \mSp-hm-gm≥ cmPm-hn-√m-Xm-bn-Øo¿∂p. F∂m¬ i{Xp-°ƒ aqjnIw B{I-an®p XpSßn. Cu Zpc-hÿ ]cn-l-cn-°p-hm-\mbn a{¥n-am¿ tNZn-bn-te°v ZqX-∑msc Ab®p ]me-Is\ hcpØn. ]me-I≥ i{Xp-°-sf-sb√mw tXm¬∏n-t®mSn®p. A\-¥cw ]me-Is\ a{¥nam¿ aqjnI cmPm-hmbn A`ntjIw sNbvXp. ]me-Is‚ acWm-\-¥cw At±-l-Øns‚ acp-aI-\mb hen-[-c≥ aqjn-I-cm-Pmhm-bn-Øo¿∂p. aqjn-I-hw-i-Im-hy-Øns‚ HSphn-esØ `mKw Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ B¿°n-tbm-f-Pn-°¬ kocn-kn¬ t]c-X-\mb an. tKm]n-\m-Y-dmhp {]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-t∏mƒ, \r]cm-as‚ ]p{X-\mWv N{μ-h¿as\∂pw, N{μ-h¿a≥ acn-®-Xn\p tij-amWv ]me-I≥ cmPm-hm-bsX∂pw aqjnI hwi-Im-hyØnse t«mI-ßsf sX‰mbn hymJym-\n®v At±lw A`n-{]m-bs∏-Sp-I-bp-≠mbn. aqjnI hwiIm-hy-Ønse Cu `mK-Øn¬ H∂p c≠v t«mI-߃ \jvS-s∏-´pt]m-bn-´p-s≠-¶nepw, \ap°v e`n-

40

22 am¿®v 2014

®n-´p≈ `mK-Øp-\n∂v \r]-cmas‚ as‰mcp t]cv am{X-amWv N{μ-h¿a-s\∂v Cu teJ-I≥ hnNm-cn-°p∂p.

Xpfp-\m-´n¬ \n∂p≈ sXfn-hp-Iƒ a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-sf-°pdn®v IqSp-X¬ hnh-c-߃ {Kln°p-∂-Xn\v C\n Xpfp-\m-´nse sFXn-ly-ß-fn-te°v IS°mw. Xpfp-\m-´nse sFXn-ly-a-\p-kcn®v AhnsS CZw-{]-Y-a-ambn Afnbk¥m-\-Zm-b-{Iaw, AYhm, acp-a-°-Ømbw G¿s∏Sp-Øn-bXv Hcp `qXe ]mWvUy\m-Ip∂p. `qX-e-]m-WvUys‚ Imew hsc a°-Øm-b-amWv Xpfp-\m-´p-Im¿ A\p-k-cn®v h∂n-cp-∂Xv. `qX-e-]m-WvUy≥ tZh-]m-WvUy≥ F∂ i‡\pw [\n-I-\p-amb Hcp cmPm-hns‚ acp-a-I\pw ]n≥Km-an-bp-am-bncp∂p. Ipsd I∏-ep-Isf ]pXpXmbn ]Wn-I-gn-∏n®v Ah \nd®v I®-hS Nc-°p-I-ƒ tI‰n Ahsb IS-en¬ HmSn-°p-hm≥ tZh]m-WvUy≥ `mhn-®-t∏mƒ, `qX-\m-Y-\mb IpWvtUm-Z-c≥ X\n°v Hcp \c-_en thW-sa∂v B cmPm-hns\ Adn-bn®p. Xs‚ ]p{Xs\ _en Ign-°p-hm≥ tZh-]m-WvUys‚ cm⁄n At±-

lsØ A\p-h-Zn-®n√. F∂m¬ At±-l-Øns‚ ktlm-Z-cn-bmb kXy-hXn Xs‚ ]p{X-\mb Pb]m-WvUys\, AYhm `qX-e-]mWvUys\ IpWvtUm-Z-c\p _en Ign-°p-∂-Xn-\mbn ktlm-Z-cs‚ ]°¬ G¬∏n®p. At∏mƒ X\n°v \c-_en Bh-iy-an-s√∂p ]d™v IpWvtUm-Z-c≥ B I∏ep-Isf hntZ-i-ß-fp-ambn I®hSw sNøp-hm≥ t]mIp-∂-Xn\v A\p-h-Zn®p. A\-¥cw IpWvtUmZ-c≥ B _mes\ FSpØv Ahs‚ ]nXm-hmb Pb-¥n-I-cmPy-Ønse cmPm-hns‚ ]°¬ G¬∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. A∂p t]mb I∏-ep-Iƒ Nc°v hn‰p [mcmfw ]W-hpw-sIm≠v Xncn--®ph-∂-t∏mƒ, IpWvtUm-Z-c≥ tZh]m-WvUy-t\mSv ho≠pw \c-_en Bh-iy-s∏´p. CØ-h-Wbpw tZh]m-WvUys‚ cm⁄n Xs‚ ]p{Xs\ \c-_-en°v sImSpØn√. t\sc-a-dn®v ktlm-Zcn ho≠pw `qX-e-]m-WvUys\ \c-_en-°mbn ktlm-Z-cs\ G¬∏n®p. IpWvtUm-Z-c≥ apºne-sØ-t]mse ho≠pw \c-_en ths≠∂p ]d-™-Xn\p tijw, tZh-]m-WvUy≥ Xs‚ Af-h‰ [\hpw cmPyhpw acp-a-I-\mb `qXe ]mWvUy\p sImSpØp. Cßs\ X\n°v amXp-e-\n¬ \n∂p e`n® cmPy-amb Xpfp-\m´n¬ `qX-e-]m-WvUy≥ Afnb k¥m-\-Zm-b-{Iaw G¿s∏-Sp-ØpIbpw sNbvXp. `qX-e-]mWvUy\p Xpfp-ssh-Xnlyw \¬Ip∂ Ime-amb F.Un 78 hnizm-k-tbm-Ky-a√. Cu Xpfpssh-Xn-ly-Øn¬ ]d-™n-cn°p∂ tZh-]m-WvUy≥ aqjn-Ihwi Imhy-Ønse ]me-I≥ H∂m-a\pw, AYhm a°-Øpt]mb sN߬ ]m≠n s]cpamfpw. CXn¬ {]kvXm-hn-®n-cn°p∂ `qXe ]mWvUy≥ aqjnIm-hw-i-Im-hy-Ønse hen-[c\pw. tIc-tfm¬∏-Øn-bnse tNmg-s∏-cp-amfpw ]Xn-‰n-∏-Ønse If-¶mbv IÆn-\m¿ apSn tNc-emX≥ Xpfp-\m-´nse Zmb-{Iaw t`Zs∏-Sp-Øn-sb∂v ]Xn-‰n-∏-Ønse \memw ]Ønse NphsS tN¿Øncn-°p∂ `mK-߃ kqNn-∏n-°p∂p≠v. ""Xpfp-¶p-ISn Xpcp-Ønb heºmSv sh‚nbpw''

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


""hf-¥sse ab-¶nb ss]Xn-cn-¥ncp-Ønb If-¶mbv IÆn-\m¿ apSn-t®-c¬'' aqjnI cmPm-°-∑m¿ hen-[-cs‚ AXm-bXv If-¶m-bv°-Æn-\¿ apSnt®-c-em-Xs‚ Imew hsc a°-Ømb-amWv A\p-k-cn-®p-h-∂-sX∂pw hen-[-c-\mWv CZw-{]-Y-a-ambn acp-a°-Øm-b-a-\p-k-cn®v cmPm-hm-bnØo¿∂-sX∂pw aqjnI hwi-Im-hyØn¬ \n∂p a\- n-em-°m-hp-∂XmWv. {]kvXpX Xpfp-ssh-Xn-lyØn¬ `qX-e-]m-WvUys‚ ]nXmhns‚ cmPy-ambn ]d-™n-´p≈ Pb¥nI tNμ-aw-K-e-am-sW-∂mWv Cu teJ-Is‚ A`n-{]mbw. A∂sØ tIc-f-\m-´nse cmPm-°-∑m¿ tNμ-awK-esØ Xe-ÿm-\-am°n aqjnI, AYhm tNc-cm-Pm-°-∑m-cpsS kma¥-cmbn tIc-f-\m-´ns\ `cn-®p-h-∂ncp∂p F∂p hnNm-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn°p∂p. F.Un 52¬ sk‚v tXmakv tIc-f-Øn¬ h∂-t∏mƒ At±lw {InkvXp-a-X-Øn¬ tN¿Ø tIcf cmPmhv Cu tNμ-aw-Kew AYhm hnep-h¿h´w cmP-hw-i-Ønse Hcp cmPm-hm-bn-cp∂p. Cuim-\-h¿a≥ c≠m-as‚ AYhm `qX-cmb ]m≠ns∏-cp-am-fpsS, AYhm, DXn-b≥ tNcem-Xs‚ ImeØv A∂sØ tNμaw-Kew, AYhm, tIcf cmPm-hmb cLp-]Xn Pb-cm-P≥ Xs‚ kyme\pw ta¬t°m-bva-bp-amb Cuim-\-h¿a-t\mSv ]S-sh-´n-b-Xmbn aqjn-I-hw-i-Øn¬ hnh-cn-®n-´p-≈Xv apI-fn¬ {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p-≠t√m. cLp-]Xn Pb-cm-Ps‚ ]p{X-\mb tKmZ-h¿a≥ AYhm tIcf tIXphm-bn-cn°pw `qXe ]mWvUys‚ ]nXm-hmbn Xpfp-ssh-Xnlyw {]kvXm-hn-°p∂ Pb-¥nI cmPyØnse cmPmhv. a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-fmb tZh]m-WvUys‚ I®-h-S-kw-cw-`-ß-sf∏‰n {]kvXpX Xpfp-ssh-Xn-lyØn¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈Xv ChnsS kvacWo-b-amWv. C¥y-bpsS ]›na DØc Xoc-ßfpw t]¿jybpw Atd_y-bp-ambn Cu s]cp-amƒ I®-hSw \S-Øn-bn-cp∂p F∂pw X∑qew At±-l-Øn\p Xs‚ aX-]-cn-h¿Ø\-Øn\p apºp-Xs∂ Ad-_n-I-fpambn ASp∏w D≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂pw CXn¬ \n∂v A\p-am-\n-°m-hp-∂XmWv. `mc-X-Øns‚ ]›n-a-XocsØ I∏-ep-Iƒ, t]¿jy≥ Dƒ°S-en-sebpw Atd-_y-bnse Z£n-WXo-c-ß-fn-sebpw Xpd-ap-J-ß-fp-ambn

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

I®-hSw \S-Øn-bn-cp∂p F∂v F.Un c≠mw iXm-_vZ-Øn¬ Pohn®n-cp∂ tSmfan {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p≠v. AXn-\m¬ tZh-]m-WvUys‚ Imeamb F.Un Ggmw iXm-_vZ-Ønepw Cu ]Xnhv \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂p F∂v A\p-am-\n-°m-hp-∂-XmWv.

tIcf amlm-fly-Ønse GXp cmPmhv? tIcf amlm-fly-Øn¬ a°-tZ-iØp-t]mb \kw-K≥ Fs∂mcp cmPm-hn-s\-∏‰n ]d-™n-´p≠v. Cu \kw-K\pw a°-Øp-t]mb s]cpamfpw H∂m-sW∂v hnNm-cn-°p-hm≥ Imc-W-ap≠v. ]S-ae \mb-scbpw a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-am-sf-bpw-]‰n tIc-tfm¬∏Øn ]d-™n-´p≈ IYt]m-se-bp≈ Hcp IY Hcp t{ImU\m-b-I-s\bpw \kw-K-s\-bpw-]‰n tIcf amlm-fly-Øn¬ {]kvXm-hn®n-´p≠v. kz¿KØv t]mIp-hm-\mbn hnam\w h∂-t∏mƒ \kw-K≥ tNmZn® tNmZy-Øn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn eh-W-k-ap-{Z-Øn\v A°-sc-bp≈ a°w-tZ-iØv (AXm-bXv Ad-_n-°S-en-\-Sp-Øp≈ a°Øv) t]mbm¬ tam£w In´p-sa∂v t{ImU-\m-bI≥ ]d-bp∂p. Cu D]-tZ-i-a-\p-kcn®v \kw-K≥ a°-tZ-i-Øp-t]m-IpIbpw sNøp∂p. sImU-I\v (Iq¿Kn\v) t{ImU-tZiw F∂p ]pcmW-ß-fn¬ t]cp ImWp-∂-Xn-\m¬ t{ImU-\m-b-I≥ sImU-Inse \mSphm-gn-bm-bn-cn°mw. tIc-tfm¬∏-Ønbnse ]S-ae \mb-cm-bn-cn°pw tIcf amlm-fly-Ønse t{ImU-\mb-I≥. ]≠v sImUIpw tIc-fØns‚ Hcp `mK-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂p hnNm-cn-°p-hm≥ e£y-ß-fp≠v. ]ns∂bpw DZ-b≥, AYhm, DZ-bti-J-c≥ F∂ e£van-]p-csØ (AXm-bXv Xfn-∏-d-ºnse) Hcp aqjn-I-cm-Pm-hn\v Ipe-ti-J-c≥ Fs∂mcp acp-a-I≥ D≠m-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw DZ-b-ti-J-cs‚ Hcp tkmZcn-bmb `wKn {]k-hn® ]p{X\p P∑\m¬ AwK-ssh-Ieyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂Xn-\m¬, AXn-\p-]-Icw Zp¿hm-kmhn\p Ggn-a-e-bn¬ ]m¿Øn-cp∂ amen F∂ Hcp _u≤-kv{Xo-bn¬ P\n® \kw-K≥ Fs∂mcp _mes\ am‰n-sb-SpØp hf¿Ønh∂p F∂pw tIcf amlm-flyØn¬ ImWp-∂p≠v. DZ-b-ti-Jcs‚ acp-a-I-fmWv Ipe-ti-J-c\pw \kw-K\pw F∂Xpw \kw-K≥ Hcp _u≤ kv{XobpsS ]p{X\pw `wKn-

kz¿KØv t]mIp-hm\mbn hnam\w h∂t∏mƒ \kw-K≥ tNmZn® tNmZy-Øn\p adp-]-Sn-bmbn eh-W-kap-{Z-Øn\v A°-scbp≈ a°w-tZ-iØv (AXm-bXv Ad-_n-°-Sen-\S- p-Øp≈ a°Øv) t]mbm¬ tam£w In´psa∂v t{ImU-\m-b-I≥ ]d-bp∂p. Cu D]-tZ-ia-\p-k-cn®v \kw-K≥ a°-tZ-iØ - p-t]m-IpIbpw sNøp∂p. sImU-In\v (Iq¿Kn\v) t{ImU-tZiw F∂p ]pcm-W-ß-fn¬ t]cp ImWp-∂X - n-\m¬ t{ImU-\m-bI - ≥ sImU-Inse \mSp-hm-gnbm-bn-cn°mw

22 am¿®v 2014

41


bpsS ZØp-]p-{X-\p-am-sW-∂p≈Xpw icn-b√. DZ-b-ti-J-c≥ DXn-b≥ tNc-em-X≥ AYhm `qX-cmb ]m≠n-s∏-cp-amƒ, AYhm Cuim-\-h¿a≥ H∂m-a≥ F∂ tNc-cm-Pmhpw Ipe-ti-Jc≥ Ct±-l-Øn\p tNmfm-\h¿a≥ c≠m-a≥ F∂ tNc-cmPmhpw Ipe-ti-J-c≥ Ct±-lØn\v tNmf-hw-i-P-bmb cm⁄nbn-ep-≠mb ]p{X-\mb \r]-cma\pw, AYhm, N{μ-h¿a\pw \kw-K≥ Cuiz-c-h¿a\p tNZnhw-i-Pbm cm⁄n-bn¬ P\n® ]p{X-\mb ]me-I-\p-am-Ip∂p. \kw-Ks‚ bYm¿∞ ]nXmhv Zp¿hm-km-hm-sW∂v tIcf amlm-fly-Øn¬ ]d-™n-´p-≈-XpXs∂ At±-lhpw ]me-I\pw H∂m-sW∂v kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p≠v. Fs¥-∂m¬ ]me-Is‚ amXmhns‚ tKm{Xhpw Zp¿hm-kmhns‚ tKm{Xhpw Bt{X-b-tKm{X--am-Ip∂p.

sImSp-ß√- q-cnse saXn-b-Snbpw, sh≈hpw Xncp-h© - n-°p-fsØ {]Xn-aI - fpw s]s´∂p Xntcm-[m\w sNbvX Hcp s]cp-am-fp-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂v Xs‚ ImesØ tIc-f-Ønse lnμp-°fpw am∏n-f-amcpw Hcpt]mse hniz-kn-®p-h-cp∂p F∂pw, F∂m¬ At±lw kz¿KØp-t]mbn F∂mWv Cu lnμp°ƒ hniz-kn-°p-∂-sX∂pw, At±-l-Øns‚ Xncn-®p-h-chpw {]Xo-£n®v Ch¿ sImSp-ß-√qcn¬ saXn-b-Snbpw sh≈hpw Xbm-dm°n sh®n-´p-s≠∂pw, At±-l-Øns‚ kvac-W-°mbn Ah¿ B≠p-tXmdpw Hcp cm{Xnbn¬ hnf-°p-Iƒ IØn-®p-sh®v BtLmjw \S-Øm-dp-s≠∂pw sjbv°v skbv\p-±o≥ Xs‚ sXmlv^pXv D¬ apP-ln-Zo-\n¬ {]kvXm-hn-®n-cn-°p∂p. Ct±-lamWv a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-amsf∂v am∏n-f-am¿ hniz-kn-°p-∂ps≠∂pw skbv\p-±o≥ ]d-bp∂p≠v. Xncp-h-©n-°pfw t£{XØn¬ `mkvIc chn-h¿a-s‚bpw At±-l-Øns‚ Kpcp-hp#w kpμc-aq¿Øn-\m-b-\m-cpsS injy-\pamb tNc-am≥ s]cp-amƒ \mb\m¿°v s]cp-am-t°mX F∂p

42

22 am¿®v 2014

as‰mcp t]c-p≈-Xn-\m¬, At±l-Øn\v tKmZ-h¿a-s\-∂-√msX, chn F∂ t]cn-e-h-km-\n-°p∂ `mkvI-c-chn F∂ t]cp-≠m-bncp-∂n-cn-°m-\n-S-bn-s√∂v ap≥

a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-amfns‚ IY shdpw sI´p-IY-b-s√∂pw, AXv bYm¿∞-Øn¬ \S∂ Hcp kw`-ha- m-sW∂pw hnNm-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn°p∂p. `mc-XØ - nse cmPy-ß-fn¬ sh®v tIc-fØn-emWv CZw-{]-Y-a-ambn Hcp {InkvXym\n cmPmhpw Hcp apkvenw cmPmhpw D≠m-bXv F∂p≈ kwKXn {]mNo\ tIc-fo-bcpsS hnime a\-kvIXbv°pw aX-kl - n-jvWpXbv°pw DØa km£yw hln-°p-∂p≠v

teJ-\-ß-en¬ Cu teJ-I≥ Nq≠n-°m-Wn-®n-cp-∂s√m. AXn\m¬ Xncp-h-©n-°pfw t£{XØn¬ ÿm]n-®n-´p≈ {]Xn-a-Iƒ F.Un F´mw iXm-_vZ-Øns‚ A¥y-Øn¬ Pohn-®n-cp-∂-Xmbn hnNm-cn-°m-hp∂ kpμ-c-aq¿Ønbp-sSbpw At±-l-Øns‚ injy\pw, tKmZ-h¿a-s\∂pw tNcam≥ s]cp-amƒ \mb-\m-sc∂pw t]cp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Hcp s]cp-am-fns‚bpw {]Xn-a-I-fm-bn-cn-°p-hmt\ CS-bp≈q. F.Un Ggmw iXm-_vZØn¬ `mkvI-c-c-hn-h¿a≥ F∂ HSp-hn-esØ s]cp-amƒ \mSp-hmWn-cp∂p F∂p Nne¿ Nne sFXnly-ßsf ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-SpØn hniz-kn-®p-h-cp-∂p≠v. F.Un 978 apX¬ 1036 hsc \mSp-hm-Wn-cp-∂h\pw tXmes‚ ka-Im-enI-\pamb `mkvI-c-c-hn-b√ Cu `mkvIc-chn. c≠p `mkvIc chn-h¿a-∑m¿ D≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂pw Ch-cn¬ H∂m-asØ `mkvIc chn-h¿a\mWv a°-Øp-t]mb s]cp-amsf∂pw c≠m-asØ `mkvIc chnh¿a≥ ]Ømw iXm-_vZ-Øns‚ A¥y-Øn¬ \mSp-hm-Wn-cp∂p F∂pw t]cns‚ sFIyw tlXphm¬ tIc-tfm¬∏Øn I¿Ømhv c≠v `mkvIc chn-h¿a-am-tcbpw Iq´n-°p-g®v hnh-cn®p F∂pw hnNm-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂p. sImSp-ß-√q-cn¬ \n∂p s]s´∂v Xntcm-[m\w sNbvX-Xmbpw AhnsS saXn-b-Snbpw sh≈hpw sh®n-´p-≈-Xm-bp-ap≈ hnh-c-߃ skbv\p-±o≥ {]kvXm-hn-°p-∂Xv a°-Øp-t]mb H∂m-asØ `mkvIc chn-h¿a-s\-∏-‰n-bm-bn-cn°p-hmt\ CS-bp≈q. apI-fn¬ hnh-cn-®n-´p≈ kwK-XnI-fn¬ \n∂v a°-Øp-t]mb s]cpam-fns‚ IY shdpw sI´p-I-Y-bs√∂pw, AXv bYm¿∞-Øn¬ \S∂ Hcp kw`-h-am-sW∂pw hnNm-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p∂p. `mc-XØnse cmPy-ß-fn¬ sh®v tIc-fØn-emWv CZw-{]-Ya- a- mbn Hcp {InkvXym\n cmPmhpw Hcp apkvenw cmPmhpw D≠m-bXv F∂p≈ kwKXn {]mNo\ tIc-fo-bc - psS hnime a\-kvIX - bv°pw aX-kl - njvWp-Xbv°pw DØa km£yw hln-°p-∂p≠v. IS-∏mSv: (tIk-cn-bpsS Ncn{X Kth-j-W-߃ ˛thmfyw˛2)

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

43


tUm. Sn. Pam¬ apl-ΩZv hmb\

tIkcn-bpsS

Ncn{X \nK-a-\-߃ -{]^. Fw.-F≥ hnP-b≥ FUn‰v sNbvXv ]pd-Øn-d-°nb "tIk-c-nbpsS Ncn{X Kth-j-W-߃' F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn-eqsS

km

aq-ly-im-kv{X-ßfpsS cN-\m-ssi-en-bn¬ B[p\nI kmt¶-Xn-I-hn-Zy-bpsS ^eambn ]cn-h¿Ø-\-ß-fp-≠m-bn´p≠v. C‚¿s\-‰ns‚ klm-btØmsS ASn-ÿm-\-tc-J-Iƒ (Original Sources) Is≠-Øphm\pw X¬^-e-ambn Ncn-{X-bmYm¿∞y-ßsf hne-bn-cp-Øp-hm\p-ap≈ {ia-߃ IqSp-X¬ ^e{]-Z-am-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNbvXp. F∂m¬ {]mNo-\hpw ]ucm-Wn-Ihp-am-bn-´p≈ ]mc-º-cy-ßfpw, anØp-Ifpw kmwkvIm-cnI Ncn{X \n¿an-Xn-bn¬ F¥p-]¶mWv \n¿h-ln-®n-´p-≈-sX∂ tNmZyw {]k-‡-amWv. Hcp P\-XbpsS Ncn-{XsØ hne-bn-cp-Øptºmƒ Ah-cpsS hnizm-k-{]-amW-ßfpw, BNm-c-ßfpw \n¿Æmb-I-amb ]¶p-h-ln-®n-´p-s≠∂p≈ hkvXpX \ntj-[n-°phm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn√. F∂m¬ ]et∏mgpw AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ kzm[o\w sXfn-bn-°p-hm-\p≈ D]-Zm-\-߃ Is≠-ØpI ZpjvIc-amWv. tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW]n≈ Hcp kmlnXy aoamw-k-Is\-∂Xn-ep-]cn Hcp Ncn{X ]WvUn-X\pw Kth-j-I-\p-am-bn-

44

22 am¿®v 2014

cp∂p. Ncn-{X-tØbpw kwkvIm-c-tØbpw Ipdn®v At±-l-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂ km¿h-eu-InI ho£Ww ]e-t∏mgpw Ahn-iz-k-\o-b-amb taJ-e-I-fn-te-°mWv hmb-\-°msc \bn-°p-∂Xv. \ΩpsS Ncn-{X-k-¶¬∏ß-sf-sb√mw Xs∂ tNmZyw sNøp∂ coXn-bn-ep-≈XmWv At±-l-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-K-th-j-W-Øns‚ ^eambn Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≈ \nK-a-\-߃. At±-l-Øns‚ Ncn-{X-K-th-jW teJ-\-߃ {io. Fw.F≥.hnP-b≥ FUn‰v sNbvXv c≠v thmfy-ß-fn-embn kam-l-cn-®n´p≈ {KŸ-ß-fmWv tIcf `mjm C≥Ãn-‰yq´v {]kn≤o-I-cn-®n-cn-°p∂ ""tIk-cn-bpsS Ncn-{X-K-th-j-W߃.'' Cu teJ-\-ß-fn-eqsS tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-]n≈ kz¥-amb Hcp Ncn-{X-c-N-\m-coXn Ah-ew-_n-°p-hm\mWv {ian-°p-∂Xv. At±-l-Øns‚ At\z-j-WsØ Hcp {]tZ-i-Øntem, cmPy-Øntem ]cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øphm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn√. am\-h-kw-kvIm-c-Øns‚ DZ-b-hnImk ]cn-Wm-a-ß-sf-°p-dn-®mWv At±lw At\z-jn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂Xv. ]pcm-tW-Xn-lm-k-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw, anØp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw, a\p-jys‚ kwkvImc Ncn{XsØ \n¿[m-cWw sNbvsX-Sp-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂mWv At±lw hniz-kn-®n-cp-∂Xv. anØp-Iƒ°v Ncn{X-hp-ambn t\cn´p _‘-an-s√-¶nepw a\p-jy-Po-hn-XØns‚ kzm`m-hn-I-amb ]cn-Wma {]{In-b-I-fn¬ Ahbv°v kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-hm≥ Ign-™n-´p≠v. anØp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw Nne Ncn-{Xmw-i-߃ NnI-s™Sp-°p-hm≥ Ignbpw. F∂m¬ Ahsb B[n-Im-cn-Iamb Ncn-{X-tc-J-I-fmbn AwKo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-Ibn√. ]pcm-tW-Xn-lm-k-ß-tfbpw anØp-I-tfbpw A‘-hn-izm-k-sa∂pw, Aim-kv{Xo-b-sa∂pw, ]q¿W-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


ambpw Xnc-kvI-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bpI-bn-√-sb-∂p-≈-XmWv tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-]n-≈-bpsS A`n{]mbw. cmam-b-Whpw alm-`m-cXhpw cNn-°-s∏-´Xv `mh-\-bn¬ \n∂p-am{Xw Dcp-Øn-cn™ IYmX-¥p-°-fn¬ \n∂√. adn®v, \q‰m≠p-I-tfmfw ]g-°-ap≈ `mc-Xob kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ D]-im-e-I-fn¬ \n∂pw ]I¿s∂-SpØ hnizm-kßfpw BNm-c-ßfpw Pohn-X-co-XnI-fp-apƒs°m-≈p∂ Hcp _rlØmb kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ {]Xn-^e\w B {KŸ-ß-fn-ep≠v. a\pjy-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ A`n-ap-Jn-I-cnt°-≠n-h-cp∂ {]iv\-ßfpw kaky-Ifpw Ahbv°v A\p-`-h-ßfpsS shfn-®-Øn¬ Is≠-Øp∂ ]cn-lm-c-\n¿t±-i-ßfpw Cu CXnlmk IrXn-I-fn¬ Is≠-Øphm≥ Ignbpw. {]Ir-Xn-bnepw, kky-e-Xm-Zn-I-fnepw, arK-ßfnepw {]I-S-am-Ip∂ kulrZ kao-]-\-ßfpw Ah-bn¬ \n∂pw a\p-jy¿°v e`n-°p∂ kl-I-cWhpw hni-Zo-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ {]Ir-Xnbpw a\p-jy-\p-am-bp≈ At`-Zy-amb _‘-amWv A\m-hrX-am-Ip-∂Xv. AXp-t]m-se-X-s∂bmWv anØp-I-fpsS Imcyhpw. Hcp P\-hn-`m-K-Øns‚ Pohn-X-hpambn At`-Zy-ambn _‘-s∏-´p-InS-°p∂ hnizm-k-ßfpw BNm-cß-fp-amWv anØp-Iƒ°v cq]w \¬Ip-∂Xv. Ah-cpsS kmwkvImcnI aqey-߃ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xn¬ Ah \n¿Æm-b-I-amb ]¶ph-ln-°p∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ]pcmW-ß-sfbpw anØp-I-sfbpw Ncn{X-Øns‚ D]-Zm-\-h-kvXp-°fmbn ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠Xv A\n-hmcy-am-sW-∂mWv _me-Ir-jvW-]n≈-bpsS hnizmkw. tZio-b-amb A`n-am-\-t_m[w sh®p-]p-e¿Øp-∂-h-cmWv F√m cmPy-ß-fn-sebpw P\-hn-`m-K߃. bqtdm-]y≥ P\-X-bpsS A`n-am-\-t_m-[-Øns‚ ]cn-Wn-X^-e-amWv Ahsc Gjy-bnsebpw, B{^n-°-bn-sebpw P\ßsf IS-∂m-{I-an-°p-hm≥ t{]cn∏n-®Xv. tImf-\n-I-fnse P\߃°v kmwkvIm-cn-I-amb A`yp∂Xn hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-t°-≠Xv `cWm-[n-Im-cn-I-fpsS Npa-X-ebmsW∂pw Ah¿ IcpXn. C¥y°m¿ kmwkvIm-cn-I-ambn hf-sctbsd Hu∂Xyw t\Sn-b-h-cm-sW-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

∂p≈ t_m[w \ap-°p≠v. CuPn]vXnepw, ssN\-bnepw, {Koknepw al-Ømb kmwkvIm-cnI ]mc-ºcy-Øns‚ Ncn{Xw Dd-ßn-°n-S-°p∂-Xmbn Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v. F∂m¬ tZio-b-t_m-[-sØ-°p-dn®p≈ CØcw Zpc-`n-am-\sØ AwKo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ _me-Ir-jvW]n≈ Xøm-d√. A¥na hni-I-e-\Øn¬ temI-Ønse F√m P\-hn`m-K-ßfpw Htc kwkvIm-cØns‚ k¥-Xn-Ifm-sW∂pw Ah-cpsS kmwkvIm-cn-I-aq-ey߃ Dcp-Øn-cn-™p-h-∂Xv Htc tI{μ-Øn¬ \n∂p-am-sW∂pw

tIkcn-

At±lw hniz-kn®p. hkp-ss[hI IpSpw-_Iw F∂ XXzamWv Ncn{X kXy-sa∂v ÿm]n°p-I-bmWv tIk-cn-bpsS kpZo¿L-amb Ncn-{X-K-th-j-Wß-fpsS e£yw. BZn-`m-cXhpw, BZn-tI-c-fhpw, BZnsIm-¶-Whpw ]›n-ta-jy-bnse ]q¿h Atd-_y-bn-em-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw C∂sØ Cdm-Jmb ]pcm-X\ _m_n-tem-Wn-bbmWv BZn-am-\h kwkvIm-cØns‚ tI{μw F∂p-amWv At±-l-Øns‚ \nK-a\w. B kwkvIm-cnI tI{μ-am-hs´ CuPn-]vjy≥ antØm-f-Pn-bn¬ "]p¥v' F∂-dn-b-s∏´p. CuPn]vjy≥, _m_n-tem-Wn-b≥, kpta-dn-b≥, Ako-dn-b≥, \mKcn-I-X-I-fpsS tI{μw AXm-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂mWv At±-l-Øns‚ Is≠-ج. Ahn-sS-\n-∂p-≈-hcmWv kn‘p-\-Zo-XS \mK-cn-I-XbpsS krjvSm-°-sf-∂mWv At±lw Is≠-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂Xv. AXn¬ \n∂pw Dcp-Øn-cn™p-h-cp∂ C¥y≥ \mK-cn-IX°v Atd-_y≥ kwkvIm-c-hpambn _‘-ap≠v. ae-bm-f-`m-jbpsS thcp-Iƒ ]q¿h Atd_y≥ `mj-I-fn-em-sW∂pw Is≠-Øp-hm≥ At±lw {ian°p∂p. temI-N-cn-{XsØ k¶p-Nn-Xamb ho£-W-tØmsS ImWphm-\mWv B[p-\nI Ncn-{X-Im-c∑m¿ {ian-°p-∂Xv. AØcw k¶p-Nn-X-amb kao-]-\-ß-fmWv cmPy-߃ XΩn-ep≈ bp≤-ßfn-te°v \bn-°p-∂Xv. temI-alm-bp-≤-ßfpw, C¥y-bnse h¿Kob kwL¿j-ßfpw kbWn-k-ap-b¿Øp∂ {]iv\-ßfpw CØcw k¶p-NnX Nn¥m-K-Xn-IfpsS ]cn-Wn-X-^-e-amWv. hwiob-Xbpw k¶p-NnX tZio-b-X-bpamWv temIw t\cn-Sp∂ G‰hpw henb {]iv\-߃. Cu Zpc-`n-am\-t_m-[-Øn¬\n∂pw kzX-{¥am-sb-¶n¬ am{Xsa am\-hnI sFIyw F∂ ]c-a-amb e£yw ssIh-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-Ibp≈q. B e£y-Øn-se-Øn-t®cp-hm-\p≈ \nc-¥-c-amb {iaØns‚ `mK-sa-∂p≈ \ne-bnemWv tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW]n≈ Xs‚ Ncn-{X-K-th-j-W-ßfn-te¿s∏-´Xv. F∂m¬ At±-l-

22 am¿®v 2014

45


Øns‚ Cu kao-]-\sØ A°mZ-anI Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿°v AwKo-Icn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂n√. `mj-IfpsS Bhn¿`m-h-Øn-\p-ap-ºp≈ Ime-L-´-Ønse Ncn-{X-c-N\bv°v Ah¿ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv ]pcm-hkvXp Kth-j-W-sØbmWv. DZvJ-\-\-ß-fptSbpw ]cyth-£-W-ß-fptSbpw ^e-ambpw Is≠-Øn-bn-´p≈ Ncn-{Xm-h-injvS-߃ imkv{Xo-b-amb ]co-£W-߃°v hnt[-b-am-°n-bmWv Ah¿ \nK-a-\-ß-fn-se-Øn-t®-cp∂Xv. Aßs\ Is≠-Øn-bXmWv kn‘p-\-Zo-XS kwkvIm-cß-fpƒs∏-sS-bp≈ {]mNo\ \mKcn-I-X-I-sf√mw. `mj-bpsS Bhn¿`m-h-Øn\v tij-amWv {]mNo\ en]n-I-fn¬ \n∂pw a‰p ]pcm-X\ inem-en-Jn-X-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw Ncn{X kXy-߃ Is≠Øn-bn-´p-≈Xv. \nc-¥-c-amb Kthj-W-ß-fn-eqsS hf-sc-tbsd ]g°-ap≈ Nne Ncn-{X-hn-izm-k߃ am‰n-sb-gp-Xp-hm\pw \ap°v Ign-™n-´p≠v. imkv{Xo-b-amb sXfn-hp-I-fn-√msX \nK-a-\-ß-fnse-Øp-∂Xv bmsXmcp XcØnepw km[q-I-cn-°p-hm\pw Ign-bp-I-bn√. Ahn-sS-bmWv tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-]n-≈-bpsS Nne \nK-a-\-߃ AwKo-I-cn-°phm≥ B[p-\nI Ncn-{X-K-th-j-I∑m¿°v Ign-bmsX t]mIp-∂Xv. B¿°n-tbm-f-Pnsb tIkcn AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂p≠v. Ncn-{Xm-Xo-XIm-esØ Ncn-{X-c-N-\bv°v A\nhm-cy-amb Hcp LSIw Xs∂bmWv B¿°n-tbm-fPn. C¥y-bnsebpw, CuPn-]vXn-sebpw, _m_n-tem-Wn-bm-bn-sebpw {]mNo\ kwkvIm-c-߃ Is≠Øp-∂-Xn\v AXv klm-b-I-c-ambn-Øo¿∂p. F∂m¬ CuPn]vjy≥ \mK-cn-I-X-sb-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°-W-sa-¶n¬ CuPn-]vXn-e√, ]q¿h Atd-_y-bn-emWv DZvJ\\w \S-tØ-≠-sX-∂mWv tIkcn-bpsS hmZw. AXn-\-t±lw D∂bn-°p∂ ImcWw BZn-bn¬ CuPn]vXv ]q¿Δ Atd-_y-bpsS `mK-am-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂p≈ Dd® hnizm-k-amWv. B[p-\nI `mc-Xo-bcpw AhcpsS kwkvIm-chpw Atd-_ybn¬ \n∂p≈ Hcp IpSn-tb‰w aptJ-\-bmWv D¤-hn-®-sX-∂p≈ \nK-a-\-amWv tIkcn _me-Ir-

46

22 am¿®v 2014

jvW-]n-≈-°p-≈Xv. AXv ÿm]n-°p-hm≥th≠n iXv]Y {_mlva-W-Ønse ]Xn-aq∂mw JWvUw At±-l-ap-≤-cn-°p∂p. F∂m¬ kXv]-Y-{_m-lvaWw Hcp ]pcm-W-Ir-Xn-sb-∂p-≈Xn¬°-hn™v Ncn-{X-\n-K-a-\-ßfn-se-Øn-t®-cp-hm≥ Ign-bp∂ IrXn-bmbn AwKo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn√. hniz-k-\o-b-amb tcJ-Iƒ C√msX ]pcm-W-ß-fntebpw CXn-lm-k-ß-fn-tebpw shdpw ]cm-a¿i-ßsf Ncn-{X-

A¥na hni-Ie- \ - Ø - n¬ temI-Ønse F√m P\-hn`m-K-ßfpw Htc kwkvIm-cØns‚ k¥-Xn-IfmsW∂pw Ah-cpsS kmwkvIm-cn-I a- q-ey-߃ Dcp-Øn-cn-™p h - ∂ - Xv Htc tI{μ-Øn¬ \n∂p-amsW∂pw At±lw hnizkn®p. hkp-ss[-h IpSpw_Iw F∂ XXz-amWv Ncn{X kXy-sa∂v ÿm]n°p-I-bmWv tIk-cn-bpsS kpZo¿L-amb Ncn-{X-K-thj-W-ß-fpsS e£yw

Øns‚ `mK-ambn AwKo-I-cn-°p∂Xv Fß-s\-bmWv? Chn-sSbmWv _me-Ir-jvW-]n-≈-bpambn hntbm-Pn-t°-≠n-h-cp-∂Xv. tIk-cn-bpsS Kth-j-W-co-Xnsb-°p-dn®pw, Ncn-{X-ho-£-WsØ-°p-dn®pw, B[p-\nI Ncn{X Kth-j-I-∑m¿°v XnI®pw hyXykvX-amb A`n-{]m-b-am-Wp-≈Xv. AXn\v Ah¿ Nq≠n-°m-Wn°p∂ hkvXp-X-Iƒ hniz-k-\o-bam-Wp-Xm\pw. ASn-ÿm-\-tc-J-IfpsS A`m-h-Øn-ep≈ Ncn-{X-\n-Ka-\-ß-sfm∂pw Xs∂ AwKo-I-cn°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√-sb-∂p-≈XmWv Ah-cpsS \ne-]mSv. B[p\nI Ncn-{X-c-N-\m-co-Xnsb kw_‘n-®n-S-tØmfw AXp-X-s∂bmWv hkvXp-Xbpw. F∂m¬ CXn-lm-k-ß-sfbpw ]pcm-W-ßsfbpw ]q¿Æ-ambpw \ncm-I-cn°msX Ah-bnse Ncn-{Xmw-i߃ imkv{Xo-b-ambn \n¿[mcWw sNtø-≠Xpw Bh-iy-amWv. B {]{In-b-I-fn¬ AXmXv ImeL-´-Ønse Ncn-{X-]-c-amb tcJI-fpsS klm-bhpw kzoI-cn-°mhp-∂-XmWv. hnizm-k-ß-sfbpw BNm-c-ß-sfbpw ]cn-tim-[n-°ptºmƒ Ah a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ sNep-Øn-bn-´p≈ kzm[o-\sØbpw X¬^-e-am-bp-≠m-Ip∂ kmwkvIm-cnI hyXn-bm-\-ßsfbpw ]msS Xnc-kvI-cn-°p-∂Xv icn-b√. ImcWw Hcp P\-X-bpsS kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ \n¿an-Xnbv°v Hc-f-thmfw Ah t{]c-I-am-bn-Øocp-∂p≠v. tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW-]n-≈bpsS Ncn-{X-K-th-j-W-co-XntbmSpw \nK-a-\-ß-tfmSpw hntbmPn-°p-tºmƒØs∂ At±-lØns‚ Ncn-{X-K-th-j-W-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw hf-sc-tbsd ]pXnb Bib-߃ Is≠-Øp-hm≥ Ignbpw. B[p-\nI Kth-j-W-ssi-en-bn-ep≠m-bn-´p≈ imkv{Xo-b-amb kao]-\-ß-fpsS ^e-ambn Is≠-Ønbn-´p≈ \nK-a-\-߃ AwKo-I-cn°p-hm≥ tIkcn _me-Ir-jvW]n≈ C∂v Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂p-s≠¶n¬ Xøm-dm-Ip-sa-∂p-Xs∂ IcptX-≠-Xp≠v. At±-l-Øns‚ kXym-t\z-jW {ia-ß-fpsS Bflm¿∞-X-sb-°p-dn®v Adn-bmhp-∂-h¿°v A°m-cy-Øn¬ kwib-ap-≠m-Ip-hm≥ km[y-X-bn√.

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


IhnX cmPp h≈n-°p∂w

AS-bm-f-߃ a

g-bØv tNm¿s∂m-en-°p∂ Hcp ho´n¬ \n¬°p∂ t]mse-b√ ag \\™p \S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv ag \\™p h∂v tXm¿Øn tNm¿®-bn-√mØ Hcp ho´n-en-cp∂v P\m-e-bn-eqsS ag ImWp-∂-Xp-t]m-se-bp-a√ ag-bØv IpS-]n-Sn®p \n∂v ag-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-bp∂ t]mse-bp-a√ ag Ah-ti-jn-∏n-°p∂ AS-bm-f-ß-fn¬ \n∂v ag Is≠-Øm-\m-ImØ t]mse-bm-WXv XI¿∂ sI´n-S-ß-fpsS Ah-in-jvS-ß-fn¬ \n∂v \K-c-N-cn{Xw hmbn-s®-Sp-°p∂ t]mse XI¿∂ AW-s°-´ns‚ {]hn-iy-bn¬ \n∂pw Imew t]mse ]nf¿∂ tZi-Øns‚ `qan-imkv{Xw hmbn-s®-Sp-°m-\m-ImØ t]msebpw ag \\™ ]I-ep-Iƒ sIm≠v cm{Xn Af-°m-\m-ImØ t]msebpw.

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

47


alm-tizXm tZhn hnh¿Ø\w: kp\n¬ Rmfn-bØv

23

t\mh¬

Nn{Xo-I-cWw: iin taΩpdn

Hm∏-td-j≥

A

Xp-tI´v P\-°q-´-Øn-\n-Sbn¬ \n∂v CSn-ap-g-°w-t]mse Ic-tLmj-ap-b¿∂p. Bƒ°q-´-Øn-\n-S-bn¬ \n∂v Btcm tNmZn®p. ""\n߃ AhcpsS IpSn-ep-Iƒ IØn®p. AXns‚ \jvS-]-cn-lmcw FhnsS?'' AXp-tI´v ]NmZn Fkv.sF adp-]Sn \¬In, ""F√mw icn-bm°mw. BZyw \n߃ ]pd-tØ°v hcWw.'' ""F\n°v s]meo-kns\ hnizm-k-an√.'' ""Bcv ]d-™m-emWv hnizm-k-amhpI?'' ""Bcm-Wp-≈Xv?'' ""l_o_v Jm≥, C¿^m≥ sam≈, BwtXm¿ kvIqfnse slUvamÿ......Bcp thWw? ]dbq......'' AXn\p adp-]Sn D≠m-bn-√. XnI™ \ni-_vZX Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ Xfw-sI-´n. A¬∏-t\cw Ign™v PmKpe Fkv.sF ]d™p, ""Rm≥ PmKpe tÃj-\nse Fkv.sF BWv. \n߃°v Imfn kmw{X-bp-ambn kwkm-cn-®m¬ aXntbm? At±lw Chn-sS-bp≠v!'' AXn-\p≈ adp-]-Snbpw \nKq-V-amb \ni-_vZX am{X-am-bn-cp∂p. AXns‚ kΩ¿±w Xmßm-\m-hmsX Xs‚ lrZbw s]m´n-∏n-f-cp-sa∂v Imfn kmw{X°v tXm∂n.

48

22 am¿®v 2014

""Imfn kmw{X H‰°v hcs´......!!'' AXp tI´v Imfn c≠v Fkv.sFamtcbpw t\m°n. PmKpe Fkv.sF ]d™p, ""\n߃ \oßnt°m. t^mgvkv ]n∂n-ep-≠mhpw.'' ""th≠! Bcpw Fs‚-sbm∏w hc≠. Rms\m-‰°v s]mbvt°mfmw'' ""H‰t°m? AXv km[y-a√.'' ""Bcp ]d™p?'' ho≠pw \ni-_vZX. \n -lm-b-cmb c≠v Fkv.sF˛am¿. HSp-hn¬ PmKpe Fkv.sF ]d™p, ""icn kΩ-Xn®p. F¥m-bmepw Abm-tfmSv ]pd-tØ°v hcm≥ ]d-bWw.'' ""Abmƒ°v ]d-bm-\p-≈Xv Rm\mZyw tIƒ°s´. Imte-°q´n F\n-s°m∂pw ]d-bm-\m-hn√.'' Imfn Dds° hnfn®p ]d™p. ""_jmbv......Rm≥ Imfn-bmWv. Imfn kmw{X! Rm\mWv hcp-∂Xv. H‰°v, H‰°mWv hcp-∂Xv!!'' saen™v s]m°-ap≈, £oWw-aqew apXpIv A¬∏w hf-™p-\n¬°p∂ I´n°-ÆS [cn® a\p-jy≥ aW¬Øn-´bpsS Atß-b-‰-tØ°v \oßn. s]s´-∂mWv s]meokv _q´p-I-fpsS i_vZw A¥-co-£sØ apJ-cn-X-am-°nbXv. ""s]meokv......s]m......eokv......''

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


s]meo-kp-Im¿ h\-Øn¬ {]th-in-®Xpw kv{XoI-fp-tSbpw Ip´n-I-fp-tSbpw B¿Ø-\mZw Db¿∂p. ""FhnsS _jmbv?'' ""Rm\n-hn-sS-bp≠v, tImwtdUv!'' B i_vZw Db¿∂ `mK-tØ°v Imfn \oßn. AhnsS Hcp ac-Øn¬ Nmcn Ccn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p _jmbv. Abm-fpsS CS-Xp-Im¬ \ocp-h∂v ho¿Øv hb-e‰v \ndw ]q≠p-I-gn-™n-cp∂p.

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

49


F≥t^m-gvkvsa‚v, tem B≥Uv AUvan-\n-kvt{S-j≥ Hm^v an\naw thPkv hIp-∏ns‚ C≥˛Nm¿Pv Bbn-cp∂ sU]yq´n te_¿ IΩo-j-W¿ hfsc ka-Nn-Ø-X-tbm-sS-bmWv B hnj-bsØ kao-]n-®Xv. Iqk-en-√m-sX Abmƒ C≥kvs]-IvS¿am-tcmSv ]d™p. ""\n¿`-b-cmbn tPmen-bn¬ apgpIq.....Rm≥ \nß-fpsS IqsS-bp≠v.....''

50

22 am¿®v 2014

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


F∂p≈ Ae¿®bpw AtXmsSm∏w hmbp-hn¬ Db¿∂p. ]mIp¿]q-cn¬ \n∂p≈ Un.Fkv.]nbpsS t\Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ s]meokv tk\-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. Ccp-]-tXmfw t]¿ ASßp∂ kwLw. ""^b¿......^b¿......'' F∂m-t{Im-in®p-sIm≠v apt∂m´v ]m™p. taep-tZym-K-ÿs‚ km∂n-[yØn¬ c≠v Fkv.sFamcpw H∏w tN¿∂p. Ah¿ F√m-hcpw \ndsbm-gn-®p-sIm≠v apt∂m´v \oßn. aW¬Øn-´-I-fn¬ Ccp-∂n-cp∂ kv{XoIfpw Ip´n-Ifpw NnX-dntbmSn. s]meo-kp-Im-cpsS Bt{Im-ihpw kv{XoI-fpsS \nehn-fnbpw Ip´n-I-fpsS tcmZ-\hpw Hcp-an-®p-b¿∂p. s]s´-∂mWv ""tÃm∏v jq´nwKv''˛ ""am tlm!'' Fs∂mcp Ae¿® F√m i_vZß-sfbpw Hcp \nan-jw-sIm≠v hngp-ßn-bXv. Hcp sXm≠-bpsS CS¿® Ie¿∂ i_vZ-sam-gn-®m¬ B {]tZ-i-sam-´msI ]q¿Æ \ni_vZ-X-bn¬ B≠p-In-S∂p. PmKpe-bnse Fkv.sF ]qgn-a-Ænte°v adn-™p-hoWp. ""emØn- ® m¿Pv ! '' s]meo-kp-Im¿ h\-Øn¬ {]thin-®Xpw kv{XoI-fp-tSbpw Ip´n-Ifp-tSbpw B¿Ø-\mZw Db¿∂p. ""FhnsS _jmbv?'' ""Rm\n-hn-sS-bp≠v, tImwtdUv!'' B i_vZw Db¿∂ `mK-tØ°v Imfn \oßn. AhnsS Hcp acØn¬ Nmcn Ccn-°p-I-bm-bncp∂p _jmbv. Abm-fpsS CS-XpIm¬ \ocp-h∂v ho¿Øv hb-e‰v \ndw ]q≠p-I-gn-™n-cp∂p. ASnh-bdv ho¿Øp-sI-´n-bn-cp∂p. Akzm-`m-hnI coXn-bn-emWv CSXp-Im¬ \o´n-sh-®n-cp-∂Xv. s]meokv Abmsf hf™p. buh-\-bp-‡-amb ico-c-am-bncp∂p _jm-bn-bp-tSXv. ]pcn-I߃ c≠pw Iq´n-ap-´n-bn-cp∂p. c≠mw XhW _jm-bnsb Xncn®-dn-bp-tºmƒ Abm-fpsS ssIIƒ {Zu]-Xn-bpsS Ic-ßsf apdpsI ]nSn-®n-cp∂p. hnI-kn® IÆp-I-fnse IrjvW-a-Wn-Iƒ GIm-{K-am-bn-cp∂p. AXn-\ptijw F{Xtbm bpK-߃ ]n∂n´n-cn-°p∂p. _jmbv _≤-s∏´v Xs‚ IÆp-Iƒ Db¿Øn. Xcp-Wamb i_vZ-Øn¬ arXyphns‚

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

taep-tZym-Kÿ - s‚ km∂n-[y-Øn¬ c≠v Fkv.sFamcpw H∏w tN¿∂p. Ah¿ F√m-hcpw \nd-sbm-gn-®p-sIm≠v apt∂m´v \oßn. aW¬Øn-´I - f- n¬ Ccp-∂n-cp∂ kv{XoIfpw Ip´nIfpw NnX-dn-tbmSn. s]meo-kp-Im-cpsS Bt{Im-ihpw kv{XoI-fpsS \ne-hnfnbpw Ip´n-I-fpsS tcmZ-\hpw Hcp-an-®pb¿∂p. s]s´-∂mWv ""tÃm∏v jq´nwKv''˛ ""am tlm!'' Fs∂mcp Ae¿® F√m i_vZ-ß-sfbpw Hcp \nan-jw-sIm≠v hngp-ßn-bXv

CS¿® {]I-S-am-bn-cp-∂p. Xf¿®tbmsS _jmbv ]d-™p. ""Rm≥ acn-°p-I-bmWv. Fs‚ ihw Xncn®-dn-bm≥ th≠n-bmtWm kJmhv h∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv?'' A{Xbpw ]d™v tcmjØm¬ Bt{Im-in®p-sIm≠v hmbp-hns‚ IgpØv sRcn®p. tijw sXm´-Sp-Øp-≠mbn-cp∂ s]meo-kp-Im-cs‚ t\¿°v Im¿°n-®p-Xp∏n. ]NmZn Hu´v t]mÃn-te°v Ah¿ _jm-bnsb sIm≠ph∂p. AhnsS \n∂v ]mIv]q¿ Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ {]th-in-∏n®p. ico-c-Øn¬ amc-I-amb Af-hn¬ ]gp∏v Ib-dn-t∏m-bn-cp∂p. sUØv Hm^v ]m¿´v Hm^v Zn Snjyqkv Hm^v Zn t_mUn. shSn-bp-≠-tb‰p-≠mb apdn-hn¬ \n∂mWv ]gp∏v _m[n-®Xv. Imev apdn-®p-am‰p-∂-Xn\v ap≥]v Xs∂ hb-‰nte°v ]gp∏v Ib-dn-bn-cp∂p. Xs‚ A¥y-a-SpØp F∂v t_m[y-s∏-´-Xn\p tijw _jmbv SpUp Hcp hm°v t]mepw Dcn-bm-Sn-bn√. Ah-km\ izmkw \ne-°pw-hsc au\nbmbn Htc InS∏v InS∂p. PKØm-c¨! Xs‚ Iogn¬ ASn-a∏Wn FSp-Øn-cp-∂-hsc tamNn∏n®p F∂mtcm ]d-bsh _jmbv Xs‚ apJ-sam∂p sNcn°p-Ibpw AtXmsS A¥yizmkw hen-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Xncn-®-dn-b¬ ]tc-Un¬ {Zu]Zn ]s¶-Sp-Øn√. Ahƒ A{]-Xy-£bmbn. _jm-bn-bpsS \memasØ ac-W-Øn-\p-tijw `c-WIqSw Hcp Xocp-am-\-Øn-seØn. F∂m¬ Imfnsb A°mcyw Ah¿ Adn-bn-®n√. Fkv.sF s]meokv shSn-sh-∏n¬ acn-®-Xn\m¬ "Hm∏-td-j≥ IZw-Jp\nb'bpsS hnh-c-߃ AS-ßnb ^b¬ ]qgvØ-s∏´p. ]{X-am-[y-a߃°v ISpØ sk≥k¿jn∏v D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ ]pdwtemIw B hm¿Ø Adn-™n√. bmYm¿∞yw ad-®p-sh®v kmaqly-hn-cp-≤-cp-am-bp≈ G‰p-ap-´en¬ s]meokv DtZym-K-ÿ≥ hoc-N-caw {]m]n®p F∂ Xc-Ønep≈ hm¿Ø-t]mepw ]{X-Ømfp-I-fn¬ CSw I≠n√. ÿew Fw.F¬.FbpsS ka-tbm-Nn-Xamb CS-s]-S¬ AXn\v ]n∂n-ep≠m-bn-cp∂p. XpS-°-Øn¬ kv{XoIƒ°pw Ip´n-Iƒ°pw

22 am¿®v 2014

51


t\sc s]meo-kns‚ tXm°p-Iƒ D∂w-]n-Sn-°m-Xn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ s]meokv hnizm-k-tbm-Ky-cs√∂ tXm∂¬ Abmƒ°v D≠m-bn-cp∂p. Xs‚ tXm∂¬ `c-W-kn-cm-tI-{μ-amb "ssdt‰gvkv _n¬Unßv' hsc FØn-®-tXmsS s]meokv ta[mhn BsI s]m√m-∏n-embn. F∂m¬ B hnj-b-Øn¬ B¿°pw {]tXy-In-s®m∂pw sNøm-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√ F∂-Xmbn-cp∂p kXyw. ImcWw Fw.F¬.F _rl-Ømb thm´p_m-¶n\v DS-a-bm-bn-cp∂p. Fw.F¬.Fsb Xr]vXn-s∏-SpØm≥ s]meokv ta[m-hnsb `cW-IqSw s]meokv s{Sbn-\nßv C≥Ãn-‰yq-´n-te°v ÿew am‰n. AhnsS ssht°m¬ {]Xn-a-Ifn¬ shSn-bp-Xn¿Øv s]meokv s{Sbn-\n-Isf D∂w ]cn-io-en∏n®pw `c-W-am-‰-Øn-\mbn {]m¿∞n®pw Abmƒ Ign-™pIqSn. AXn-\p-apºv _jmbv SpUphns‚ Bh¿Øn-®p≈ acWhpw, Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂¬∏pw, BIvj\pw, Xncn-®-dn-b-s∏-S-epsams° hni-I-e\w sNøp-∂-Xn\mbn Hcp D∂-X-e-tbmKw sIm¬°-Ø-bn¬ tNcp-I-bp≠mbn. AXoh clky kz`m-hap≈ tbmK-am-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ AXv s]s´-∂p-Xs∂ tNm¿Øs∏´p! B tbmK-Øn¬ Gsd N¿® sNø-s∏-´Xv Imfn kmw{XbpsS `qan-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. _jmbv SpUp-hns\ Fs∂¶nepw Poh-t\msS ]nSn-°m-\mhp-sa∂ {]Xymi ]pe¿Øns°m-≠mWv B tbmKw ]ncn™Xv. AXn-\p-th≠n Imfnkmw{X Pohn-®n-cn-t°≠ Bhiy-I-Xbpw tbmKw hne-bncpØn. Aßs\ kw`-hn-®m¬ am{Xsa Ccp-h-scbpw t\¿°pt\¿ \n¿Øn Zo¿L-Im-e-ambn Ah¿ Hcp-an®v \S-Ønb KqVmtem-N-\-Isf A\m-h-cWw sNøm-\mIq. ]n∂o-Sp≈ hnNm-cW-bn¬ Ccp-h-tcbpw "ank' hIp∏n¬s∏-SpØn Hcmsf Xpdp-¶n-eS®pw as‰m-cmsf \n{K-ln®pw Zo¿L-Im-e-ambn XpS-cp∂ Xeth-Z-\°v AdpXn hcpØmw. AXp-a-s√-¶n¬ _jm-bnsb Fw.F¬.Fbm°mw. Imfnsb Xo¿Øp-I-fbmw. AXp-a-s√-¶n¬

52

22 am¿®v 2014

Imfnsb ap\n-kn-∏m-en‰n sNb¿am-\m°mw. _jm-bnsb \n{K-ln°mw. ]e t]mwh-gn-Ifn¬ GXmtWm IqSp-X¬ kuIcy-{]Zw AX-\p-k-cn®v Xocp-am-\n°m-hp∂ Imcy-amWv F∂-Xn¬ tbmK-Øn¬ `n∂m-`n-{]mbw D≠m-bn√. C°m-cy-߃ H∂pwXs∂ Imfn-kmw{X Adn-bp-∂p≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. _jm-bn-bpsS \mem-asØ acW-Øn-\p-tijw _Ip-fn-bnse amPn-∏m-d-bn¬ Zp:JØns‚ Icn\n-g¬ apdn-th‰ ISp-h-sb-t∏mse Aa¿∂p-In-S∂p. ImWm-Xmb Zp¬\ amPn-bpsS AΩ am{Xw Znh-k-ß-tfmfw hne-]n®p. AXn-t\m-SIw 1976˛se sImbvØp-Imew h∂p-tN¿∂p. hnf-™p-\n¬°p∂ s\¬°-Xncp-Iƒ ImWp-tºm-sgms° Imfn kmw{X-bpsS a\- n¬ _jmbv SpUp-hns‚ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ Xnc-X-√nhoWp. ]gp∏v Ib-dnb Imep-I-fpambn ac-WsØ apJm-apJw ImWp∂ thf-bnepw AN-©-eamb i_vZ-Øn¬ "F¥m kJmth.....' F∂ Bfl-hn-izmksØ sXm´p-W¿Øp∂ _jmbv SpUp-hns‚ Ipi-em-t\zjWw sImøm-dmb ]mS-ti-J-c߃ ImWp-tºm-sgms° Imfn°v Hm¿Ω h∂p. AXns‚ Dƒt{]-c-W-bm¬ sImbvØpImew hcp-tºm-sgms° an\naw thP-kn-s\-°p-dn®v Abmƒ Xnc°m≥ ad-∂n√. PmKp-e-bn¬ Pe-£maw AXncq-£-am-bn-cp∂p. AXn-\m¬ IR8 F∂ s\¬hn-Øp-]-tbm-Kn®v Irjn-bn-d-°pI Akm-[y-am-bncp∂p. ]t£ sNdp-∏-°m-c-\mb Fw.F¬.F F¥p-hne \¬Inbpw PmKp-e-bn¬ IR8 Xs∂ hnf-bn-d-°p-sa∂v {]Xn⁄m-_-≤-\mbn. AXn-\mbn Abmƒ ap≥ssI-sb-SpØv a‰p \nc-h[n hIp-∏p-I-fn¬ \n∂v Irjn-°mbn XpI hn\n-tbm-Kn°m-\p≈ G¿∏m-Sp-Iƒ sNbvXp. IeymWn k¿h-I-em-im-e-bn¬ \n∂v sNdp-∏-°m-c-\mb Hcp Irjn hnZ-Kv[s\ PmKp-e-bnte°v £Wn-®p-h-cpØn. PmKp-ebnse aÆv ]cn-tim-[n®v AXv IR8\v A\p-tbm-Py-a-s√∂v hn[nsb-gp-Xnb Irjn-hn-Z-Kv[s\ ]n¥n-cn-∏-s\∂pw \mSns‚ ]ptcmK-Xn°v XS w \n¬°p-∂-h-

s\∂pw ]d™v A[n-t£-]n®p. HSp-hn¬ Fw.F¬.FbpsS Xm°o-Xn\v hgßn Xcn-imb B {]tZ-iØv Ipg¬°n-W¿ \n¿an°m≥ Abmƒ \n¿_-‘n-Xambn. k¿°m-dns‚ sNe-hn¬ bqdn-bbpw a‰p-Nne cmk-h-fßfpw h≥tXm-Xn¬ hmßn°q´n AhnsS {]tbm-Kn®p. Ahti-jn® Hgnhv ka-b-ß-fn¬ ]{X-hm-cn-I-Iƒ hmbn®v Abmƒ AhnsS Ign-™p-IqSn. IR8 D]-tbm-Kn®v Irjn-bn-d-°p∂-Xns‚ ]ptcm-K-Xnbpw a‰pw Adn-bn-°p-∂-Xn\p th≠n-bmWv Abmƒ ""Pn√m hm¿Ø''bpsS Hm^o-kn-se-Øp-∂Xv. B kμ¿i\w Imfn kmw{Xsb ]cnN-b-s∏-Sm≥ CS-bm°n. Xma-knbmsX Ah¿ kplr-Øp-°fmbn amdn. PmKp-e-bn¬ as‰m∂pw {]tXy-In®v sNøm≥ C√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mWv ImfnbpsS t{]c-W-bm¬ Ahn-SsØ I¿j-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-I-fpsS Ah-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®v ]Tn-°m≥ B sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ Xm¬]-cy-s∏´Xv. Abmƒ CS-°nsS sIm¬°Ø-bn¬ t]mbn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ AhnsS \n∂p≈ Nne hnh-cßfpw sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ hgn-bmWv Imfn tiJ-cn-®n-cp-∂Xv. CXn\nsS IR8 ]≤Xn A`n-am-\-{]iv\-ambn XpS-°-Øn¬ IW-°nse-SpØ Fw.F¬.F ]n∂oSv sIm¬°-bn¬ \n∂p≈ sNdp-∏°m-c-\mb Irjn-hn-Z-Kv[s\ AXn-\mbn Npa-X-e-s∏-Sp-Øn-bncp-∂ Imcyw hnkva-cn®p. Gsd \mfp-Iƒs°m-Sp-hn¬ PmKp-ebn¬ FØnb Fw.F¬.F hnfbm-dmb hb-te-e-Iƒ I≠v k¥p-jvS-\mbn. sNdp-∏-°m-cs\ I≠Xpw AXns‚ t]cn¬ Abmsf A`n-\-μn-°m≥ Fw.F¬.F ad-∂n√. PmKp-ebnse PohnXw aSp-Øp-I-gn-™ncp∂ sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ sIm¬°Ø-bn-te°v Hcp ÿe-am-‰-Øn\mbn ITn-\-ambn {ian-®p-sIm≠n-cp∂p. Ah-kcw HØp-h∂m¬ tPmen cmPn-sh®v _m¶n¬ tNcm≥ Abmƒ Xocpam-\n-®p-I-gn-™n-cp∂p. te_¿ Un∏m¿´vsa‚n¬ \n∂v In´nb an\naw thPkv kw_-‘n-bmb H´-\-h[n hnh-c-߃ sNdp-∏-°mc≥ Imfn°v ssIamdn. X\n°v Ic-K-X-amb tcJ-Iƒ ]T-\-hn-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


t[-b-am-°n-bXpw k¿°m¿ I¿j-I-sØm-gn-em-fn-Iƒ°mbn ssIs°m-≈p∂ Xocp-am-\-ßfpw {]m_-ey-Øn¬ sIm≠p-h-cm≥ {ian-°p∂ \nb-a-ßfpw BXy¥n-I-ambn I¿j-Isc c£n-°phm≥ th≠n-bp-≈-X√ F∂v Imfn°v t_m[y-s∏´p. `oam-Im-c\mb Hcp \ocm-fn-sb-t∏mse Ah I¿j-I-cpsS tNmc-bq‰n IpSn-°p-sa∂ Imcy-Øn¬ Imfn°v kwi-b-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂n√. sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ ]e-t∏m-gmbn \¬Inb hnh-c-߃ Imfn°v Ht´sd ]pXnb Adn-hp-Iƒ \¬In. ASpØ Ime-Ømbn Ccp-∂q‰n ap∏-Øn-b©v A{Kn°ƒ®-d¬ an\naw thPv C≥kvs]-IvtS-gvkns‚ XkvXnI Irjn-h-Ip-∏n¬ \ne-hn¬ h∂ Imcyw Aß-s\-bmWv Imfn Adn-™Xv. AX-\p-k-cn®v ]Xns\m-∂m-bn-cØn \m¬]-Øn-sb´v I¿j-I¿°v Hcp an\naw thPv C≥kvs]-IvS¿ F∂ A\p-]m-Xap-≠mbn. tªm°nepw k_v˛Unhn-j-W¬ Xe-Ønepw ap∏Xv Akn-Âv te_¿ IΩoj-W¿am¿ \nb-an-X-cmbn. anI® iº-fhpw a‰v B\q-Iq-ey-ßfpw Ah¿°v k¿°m¿ A\p-h-Zn-®p\¬In-bn-cp∂p. Cu \nb-a-\-ßfn¬ kwÿm\ ]ªnIv k¿hokv IΩo-j\v bmsXmcp ]¶m-fn-Øhpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. GXm\pw \n_-‘-\-I-tfm-sSbmWv {]kvXpX XkvXn-I-Iƒ krjvSn-°-s∏-´Xv. F∂m¬ Ahsbm-s°bpw Fhn-sSbpw tcJs∏-Sp-ØmsX N¿®m-ap-dn-bpsS \mep Nph-cp-Iƒ°p-≈n¬ am{Xw HXp-ßn-t∏mbn. \n_-‘-\-Iƒ C{]-Im-c-am-bncp∂p: H∂v˛ Xnc-s™-Sp-°-s∏´ Poh-\-°m¿ Hcp Imc-W-h-imepw `qhp-S-a-I-fpsS IpSpw-_Øn¬s∏-´-h-cm-I-cpXv. c≠v˛ IgnhXpw Ah¿ kaq-l-Ønse ]m¿iz-h¬IrX hn`m-K-Øn¬ \n∂p-≈-h¿ Bbn-cn-°Ww. aq∂v˛ k¿°m¿ {]Jym-]n® I¿j-I-sØm-gn-emfn t£a-{]h¿Ø-\-ß-fn¬ Hcp sFUn-tbmf-Pn-°¬ tam´o-thm-Sp-IqSn thWw apgp-Im≥. HSp-hn¬ Ccp-\q‰n \m¬∏-Ønb©v XkvXn-I-I-fn¬ \nb-a-\-ap≠mbn. DtZym-K-ÿ-cmbn amdn-b-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

HSp-hn¬ Ccp-\q‰n \m¬∏-Øn-b©v XkvXn-II - f- n¬ \nb-a-\-ap-≠mbn. DtZym-K-ÿ-cmbn amdn-b-h-cn¬ knwl`m-Khpw P∑n-Ip-Spw_-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈h-cm-bn-cp∂p. hncen-se-Æm-hp-∂h - ¿ am{Xw Un{]kvUv IΩyq-Wn-‰n-bn¬ \n∂pw \nb-an-Xcmbn. hn]p-e-amb tXmXn¬ cmjv{Sob CS-s]-S¬ D≠m-bncp-∂X - n-\m¬ C≥kvs]-IvS¿amcmbn \nb-a\w t\Sn-b-h-cn¬ Gdnb ]¶pw tIm¨{K-kns‚ bph-P\ hn`mKw {]h¿Ø-Ic- m-bncp∂p

h-cn¬ knwl-`m-Khpw P∑n-Ip-Spw_-ß-fn¬ \n∂p≈-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. hnc-en-se-Æm-hp-∂-h¿ am{Xw Un{]kvUv IΩyq-Wn-‰n-bn¬ \n∂pw \nb-an-X-cmbn. hn]p-e-amb tXmXn¬ cmjv{Sob CS-s]-S¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ C≥kvs]IvS¿am-cmbn \nb-a\w t\Sn-b-hcn¬ Gdnb ]¶pw tIm¨{Kkns‚ bph-P\ hn`mKw {]h¿ØI-cm-bn-cp∂p. Akn-Âv te_¿ IΩo-j-W¿ XkvXn-I-bn-te°v ap∏Xv Hgn-hp-IfmWv {]Jym-]n-®n-cp-∂-sX-¶nepw tIhew ct≠ c≠p t]¿ am{XamWv \nb-an-X-cm-bXv. GsXm-s°tbm Nne a{¥n-am¿ C≥kvs]-IvS¿am-cp-sS-b-Sp-°¬ Xß-fpsS CjvSm-\n-jvS-߃ adbn-√msX {]I-Sn-∏n®p sIm≠ncp∂p. AtX-Øp-S¿∂v Xma-knbmsX Nne Ahn-ip≤ Iq´p-sI-´pIƒ DS-se-Sp-°p-Ibpw km[m-cW `c-W-{]-{In-b-Isf XInSw adn-®psIm≠v Xß-fpsS \n£n]vX Xm¬∏-cy-ßsf kwc-£n-®p\n¿Øm≥ Bh-iy-amb CS-s]-Sep-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Aß-s\-bmWv Hcp {]tXyI Pn√°v th≠n, AhnsS {]h¿Øn°p∂ C≥kvs]-IvS¿am¿°mbn cmjv{Sob hrØ-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Hcp \n¿t±iw FØn-bXv. AXv C{]Im-c-am-bn-cp∂p: "Don't rush matters for the new rates of wages (Rs.8.10). It's a new thing and shall take a long time to be accepted by the land owners. But see to it that the khet Majoors get a little more than what they get at present'. F≥t^m-gvkvsa‚v, tem B≥Uv AUvan-\n-kvt{S-j≥ Hm^v an\naw thPkv hIp-∏ns‚ C≥˛Nm¿Pv Bbn-cp∂ sU]yq´n te_¿ IΩoj-W¿ hfsc ka-Nn-Ø-X-tbm-sSbmWv B hnj-bsØ kao-]n-®Xv. Iqk-en-√m-sX Abmƒ C≥kvs]IvS¿am-tcmSv ]d™p. ""\n¿`-bcmbn tPmen-bn¬ apgpIq.....Rm≥ \nß-fpsS IqsS-bp≠v.....'' kp[o-camb \ne-]mSv ssIs°m-≠-Xns‚ t]cn¬ B DtZym-K-ÿ≥ as‰mcp hIp-∏n-te°v \nb-an-X-\mbn. Gsd sshImsX Fgp-]-Øn-bmdnse \hw-_-dn¬ Xs‚ cmPn-°sØ-gpXn \¬In Abmƒ ]Sn-bndßn. (XpS-cpw)

22 am¿®v 2014

53


""KX-Ime t\´-߃ A°mesØ kml-k-ß-fp-sSbpw kml-kn-I-cp-sSbpw t\´-ß-fmWv. kml-kn-I¿°v am{Xta AhbpsS alXzw a\- n-em-°p-hm≥ Ign- b p- I - b p≈q'' ˛A.N.Whitehead

sIm

Sp-ß-√q-cnse Hcp kº∂ IpSpw-_-Øn¬ P\n®p hf¿∂ tUm.-]n.sI A_vZpƒ K^q-dns\ Rm≥ BZy-ambn ]cn-N-b-s∏´Xv At±l-Øns‚ aqØ ktlm-Z- c-\m-bncp∂ Fs‚ kplrØv sslt{Zmkns‚ Xd-hm-Smb aW∏m´v sN∂-t∏m-gm-bn-cp-∂p. A∂v kvIqƒ hnZym¿∞n-bm-bn-cp∂ K^q¿ ]n∂oSv FS-h-\-°mSv hcnIbpw GXm\pw Znh- k - ß ƒ AhnsS Xma-kn-°p-I-bp-ap-≠mbn. Imbn-I-hn-t\m-Z-ß-fn¬ Xev]-c-\m-bn-cp∂p K^q¿. AhnSpsØ Fs‚ ]gb kvIqfnse tπ{Ku-≠n¬ R߃ Hcp-an®p Ifn®p Xnan¿ØXv Rm\n∂pw Hm¿°p- ∂ p. ]n∂oSt±lw tImfPv hnZym`ym-k-Øn-\v Fd-Wm-Ipfw almcm-Pm-kn¬ h∂-t∏mgpw Ft∂msSm∏w "apkvenw tlmÃ-en'emWv Xma-kn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. A[nIw Ign- b p- ∂ - X n- \ p- a pºv Rm≥ tImf-Pn¬ \n∂pw ]pdØm-°-s∏´v apgp-h≥ kab cmjv{So-b-Ønepw ]{X-{]-h¿Ø\-ß-fnepw apgp-In. F¶nepw CS-bv°nsS ImWm-dp-≠m-bncp∂p. Xncp-h-\-¥-]p-c-tØbpw Cw•-≠n-tebpw saUn-°¬ hnZym-`ym-k-Øn-\p-tijw sXmgn¬ ]c-amb {]h¿Ø-\߃°v tImgn-t°m´p Xma-k-am°n-b-Xn-\p-tijamWv tUm.

54

22 am¿®v 2014

6

Bfl-IY

tUm. F≥.F Icow

Hcp Ime-L-´-Øns‚ ssIsbm∏v

sImSp-ß-√q¿ s]cp-a-bpsS {]kcw

ae-_m-dn-te°v apl-Ω-Z-_vZp¿ d“m≥ kmln-_ns‚ sNdnb Poh-N-cn{Xw Hcp Znhkw Fß-s\tbm ssIbn¬ h∂p-s]-´p. Fkv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn ]co-£-°m-ew. ]pkvX-I-Ønse {]mcw` hmN-I߃ IuXpIw DW¿Øn, Pn⁄mk hf¿Øn. ]nt‰-Zn-hkw ]co-£-bm-Wv. F¶nepw ]pkvXIw hmbnt® ASßq F∂ a´n¬ _‘phpw Ab¬hmkn-bp-amb kvt\ln-Xs‚ ho´p-h-f-∏nse kpJ-io-X-f-amb ac-®n-√-bn¬ Ib-dn-bn-cp∂p ]pkvX-Iw -hm-bn-°m≥ XpS-ßn

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


K^q¿ apkvenw FPyq-t°-j-W¬ skmssk‰n (Fw.-C.-F-kv) kwLSn-∏n-®Xpw hnZym-`ymk˛kmaq-lytk-h\ {]h¿Ø-\-߃ tIc-fØn- e msI hym]- I - a m- ° n- b - X pw. F∂m¬ AXns‚ Hcp kzm`mhn-I-amb ]n¥p-S¿®-b√ C∂p \mw tIc-f-Øn¬ ImWp-∂-Xv. kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymkw apX¬ kmt¶-Xn-I-˛-s{]m-^-j-W¬ hnZym-`ym-k-a-S-°-ap≈ D∂X hnZym-`ymkw hsc kzImcyh¬°- c n- ° p- I - a m- { X- a √ I®- h - S - h ¬°- c n- ° p- I bpw sNbvX-tXmsS Hcp ]pXnb h¿§w hnZym-`ymk kwcw-`-I¿ cwK-sØØn. Ah-cm-bn-Øo¿∂p AXnthKw hf-cp∂ D∂XhnZym-`ymksØ kw_-‘n® F√m-Im-cyß-fp-tSbpw hn[m-Xm-°ƒ. hnZym`ym-ksØ kw_-‘n®v \ne-hnep-≈Xpw ]pXp-Xmbn \n¿an-®psIm- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X p- a mb ]pXnb Xe-apd hnZym-`ymk ÿm]-\ßfpw Ah-bpsS ÿm]-I-∑mcpw Ip´n-I-fpsS {]th-i\w apX¬ Ah-cpsS t_m[\ {]{In-b-Ifpƒs∏sS aqey-\n¿Æ-bw -h-scbp≈ F√m- I m- c y- ß fpw XßfpsS hyh-kmb Xm¬]-cy-߃ am{Xw ]cn-K-Wn®v CjvSw t]mse

\S-Øp-I-bm-Wv. bq-Wn-th-gvkn‰n {Km‚kv IΩo-j≥ (bp.-Pn.-kn) BIv‰ns‚ aq∂mw hIp-∏-\p-kcn®v Bcw-`n® \qdp-I-W-°n\v Iev]nX k¿Δ-I-em-im-e-I-fn¬ _lp-`q-cn-`m-Khpw s]mXp-hn-Zym`ymk kc-Wn°p ]pd-Øm-Wn-∂v. Ah-bn¬ ]e-Xn-t‚bpw `mhn A\n-›n-X-XzØn-ep-am-Wv. t£acm-jv{S-sa∂ k¶ev]w ]m›m-Xyhn-I-knX cmPy-߃ ]msS Dt]£n-®-Xns‚ ]n∂mse Zmcn{Zyhpw tcmKhpw \nc-£-c-Xbpw F√mw hn\m-i-I-c-ambn \S-amSp∂ C¥ybpw t]mIm≥ XpS-ßnb-tXm-Sp-IqSnbmWv H∂nepw Hcp s]mXptaJe C√m- X m- b n- Ø o¿∂Xv. sImºs‚ ]n∂mse tamgbpw F∂p- ]-d-™-Xp-t]mse. Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤-amb sImSp-ß√q-cn¬ \n∂v Ign™ \q‰m≠nse ae-_m-dn\v cmjv{So-bØn¬ t\XrXz-]-c-amb henb kw`m-h\ e`n-®Xv apl-ΩZv A_vZp¿ dln-am≥ kmln-_n¬ \n∂m-bn-cp-∂p. a‰p-c-≠p-t]cpw F\n°v kp]-cn-Nn-X-cm-bn-cp-∂t∏mƒ A_vZp¿ d“m≥ kmln_ns\ Rm≥ Hcn-°¬ am{Xw Hcp henb tbmK-Øn¬ sh®p

ImWp- I - a m- { Xta D≠m- b n´p≈q. F¶nepw Fs‚ Ipcp∂p cmjv{So-b-`m-h\ IÆp-Xp-d-∂t∏mƒ ka-tcm-’p-I-amb cmPyØns‚ Xe-∏Øp I≠- t\-Xm°-∑m-cn¬ G‰hpw I¿Ω-[oc\pw kml-kn-I\pambn Fs‚ lrZbw Ih¿∂-h-cn¬ A_vZp¿ d“m≥ kmln- _ p- a p≠m- b n- c p∂p. sP.-Pn ap-l-ΩZv bqkp^v FgpXnb apl-Ω-Z-_vZp¿ d“m≥ kmln-_ns‚ Hcp sNdnb PohN-cn{Xw Hcp Znhkw Fßs\tbm Fs‚ ssIbn¬ h∂ps]-´p. Fkv.-F-kv.-F¬.kn ]co£-°m-ew. ]pkvX-I-Ønse {]mcw`hmN- I ߃ Fs‚ IuXpIw DW¿Øn, Pn⁄mk hf¿Øn. ]nt‰-Zn-hkw ]co-£bm-Wv. F¶nepw ]pkvXIw hmbnt® ASßq F∂ a´n¬ Fs‚ _‘phpw Ab¬hmknbp-amb Hcp kvt\ln-Xs‚ ho´ph-f-∏nse kpJ-io-X-f-amb ac-®n√-bn¬ Ib-dn-bn-cp∂p ]pkvXIw -hm-bn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. hmb\- ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-am-{Xta acs°m-ºn¬ \n∂-nd-ßn-bp-≈q. At∏m-tg°pw t\csØ tI´-dn™n-cp∂ tIc-f-Øns‚ B hoc-

cmtP{μ ssaXm\w, BZy-Ime Nn{Xw

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

55


]p-{Xs‚ Hcp Ne-\m-fl-INn{Xw Fs‚ a\- n¬ ]Xn™p-I-gn-™n-cp-∂p. ]nt‰-Znhkw \S∂ ]co-£-b-S°w IW-°n-s\m-gnsI F√m- hn-jb-ß-fnepw kmam\yw \√ \ne- b n¬ ]m m- h p- I bpw sNbvXp. IW°v F∂pw F\n- s °mcp _men- t I- d m- a - e bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ggpw Bdpw ]Xn- a q∂m- s W∂ Imcyw C∂pw F\n-°-dn-bn-s√-∂XmWv kXyw. Rm≥ A∂p hmbn® Poh-Ncn{X ]pkvX-I-Ønse \mbI≥ Pbn-en-em-bn-cp-∂p. Rm≥ Fkv.-Fkv F¬.kn ]m mbn tImf-Pn¬ tN¿∂p ]Tn-°p∂ Ime-ØmWv B hnπ-h-Imcn Pbn¬ hntam-Nn-X\m-b-Xv. C¥y-bn¬ tIc-f-aS°w an°-hmdpw F√m-{]-tZ-iß-fnepw kzmX{¥y XrjvW {Xkn®p \n∂n-cp∂ Imew. 1942 se Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤-amb Izn‰n-¥ym-k-a-c-Øns‚ PzmeIƒ sI´-S-ßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw, ]g-b -t\-Xm-°-∑m¿ \njv{In-bcm-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw km[m-c-WP-\-߃ At∏mgpw ka-tcm’p-I-cm-bn-cp-∂p. {]tXyIn®v Hcn-°epw \ncm-it\m \njv{In-bt\m Bbn AS-ßnbn- c n- ° m≥ Ign- b mØ A_vZp¿d-“m≥ kmln_ns\t∏msebp≈h¿ kPo- h ambn cwK-Øp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. tZiob cmjv{SobØnse A∂sØ {[pho-I-c-W-Øns‚ ^e-ambn ae-_m-dn¬ apkvenw eoKv Hcp ]t£ DØ-tc-¥y-bnte- X n- t \- ° mƒ i‡- a mbn hf¿∂p Ign-™n-cp-∂p. Pbn¬ tamNn-X-\mb kmln_ns\ Xs‚ X´-I-Ønse Cu cmjv{Sob am‰w hfscb[nIw thZ- \ n- ∏ n- ° p- I bpw AcniwsIm≈n- ° p- I bpw sNbvXp. kl-P-ambncp∂ {]Xy- b - i m- k v { X- { ]- X n- _ ≤XtbmSpw `b-sa-s¥-∂-dn-bmØ \nc-¶p-iXz-tØm-Spw-IqSn ae_m- d n- e p- S - \ o- f w, {]tXy- I n®v apkvenw eoKns‚ i‡n-tI-{μß-fn-eqsS Hcp sImSp-¶m‰v t]mse k©-cn®v tIm¨{K v {]Nm-cWw \S-Øp-∂-Xn-\n-S°mWv Fd-Wm-Ip-fsØ kzoI-

56

22 am¿®v 2014

c-W-Øn\v At±lw FØn-bXv. A∂v sIm®n-bnse cmjv{Sob tbmK-ß-fpsS apJy-th-ZncmtP{μ ssaXm-\-am-bn-cp∂p. kzoI-c-W-tbm-K-ÿ-ew AXmbn-cp∂p. Fd-Wm-Ip-fsØ t{_mUvthbpsS sXt° A‰Øp≈ lPq¿ sP´n-°-SpØ Hscm-gn™ ÿe-w. e≠-\nse sslUv ]m¿°v t]mse, F√mØcw cmjv { Sob°mcp- t Sbpw s]mXp {]kwKthZn. Hcp Pe[m-cm-b-{¥-Øn\p th≠n \n¿an®-Xp-t]mse \mep-h-ihpw hoXn-Iq-Snb sÃ∏p-I-fp≈

aWvU]w AXn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXm-bn-cp∂p ÿncw A≤y-£-thZn. hnin-jvSm-XnYn-Ifpw a‰p-≈hcpw Np‰p-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂ ]Sn-Ifn¬ NS-™n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p ]Xn-hv. a‰p≈h¿ ssaXm-\-Øn\v AIØpw ]pd-Øpw -tdm-U-cnInepw \n∂p {]kwKw tIƒ°pw. Imb- e n¬ \n∂p≈ kpJ- I - c - a mb Im‰pw sXm´-Sp-Øp≈ C¿hn≥ ]m¿°pw (C-∂Xp kp`mjv t_mkv ]m¿°m-Wv) F√mw tN¿∂v B ssaXm\w A∂v hfsc {]kn-≤-amb Hcp s]mXp-th-Zn-bmbn-cp-∂p. sXm´-SpØp ]m¿°n-\pF≥.F Icow

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


≈n¬, ÿm\-XymKw sNbvX sIm®n-alm- c m- P m- h ns‚ ]q¿Æ- I mb {]Xna \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn°Ww AXn\v cmtP-{μ-ssa-Xm\w F∂p t]cp h∂-Xv. Xs‚ hnizm-k߃°v \nc-°mØ \ne]m-sS-Sp-°m≥ hnk-Ω-Xn®v cmP-]-Zhn Dt]-£n® Hcm-fm-bn-cp∂p At±lw F∂p tI´n´p-≠v. A_vZp¿ dln-am≥ kmln_v ka-bØn\p Xs∂ tbmK-ÿ-eØv FØn. At±lw B aWvU-]-Øns‚ Db¿∂ ]Sn-I-fn-sem-∂n-en-cp∂p. im¥-\mbn t]m°-‰n¬ \n∂v Hcp sh≈n-kn-K-d‰v tIbvsk-SpØp. AXnse Hcp knKd‰v FSpØv Ae-k-ambn ]ehpcp A‰w sIbvkns‚ ]pdØp X´nbtijw kmh-[m\w sse‰¿ sImfpØn hen°p-hm≥ XpS-ßn. aZn-cmin Kh¨sa‚v AXn\v apºp-Xs∂ tIm¨{K v t\Xm-°-∑m-cn¬ ]etcbpw Pbn-en¬ \n∂pw tamNn-∏n-®n-cp∂p. kmln-_ns\ ]n∂o-SmWv hn´-b-®Xv . AXn- \ Iw tbmKw XpS- ß p- I bpw kzoI-c-W-{]-kw-K-߃ Bcw-`n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp-I-gn-™n-cp-∂p. Xs‚ kl-P-am-bn-cp∂ KuchtØmsS {]kw-K-߃ tI´psIm≠n-cp∂-Xn-\n-Sbn¬ aKvcn_v \a-kvIm-c-Øn\v Imdn¬ Ibdn A{X ASp-Ø-√m-Xn-cp∂ t{_mUvth-bn-ep≈ ]≈n-bn¬ t]mbn \a-kvImcw Ign™p aS-ßn-h∂p tbmK-Øn¬ XpS¿∂p ]s¶-Sp-°p-Ibm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. kzoI-c-W-Øn-\p≈ adp-]Sn {]kwKw A{X Zo¿Ltam D÷z-etam Bbn-cp-∂n-√. F¶nepw cmPyw t\cn-Sp∂ A∂sØ cmjv{Sob {]iv\-ß-fn¬ tIm¨{K- p-Im-cpsS DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ß-sf-∏‰n Du∂n-∏-d-bpI- b p- ≠ m- b n. Fd-Wm-Ip-fsØ B kzoI-c-WØn\p tijw Gsd-\mƒ Ign-bp-∂-Xn\p-apºv ae-_m-dnse Xs‚ sImSp-¶m‰p-I-W-s°-bp≈ tIm¨{K v {]N-mcW-Øn-\nsS, Hcp tbmK-Øn\p tijw as‰m-∂n-te°v t]mIsh sImSn-b-Øqcn¬ sh®v s]s´∂v At±lw ac-W-a-Sbp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. tIc-fsØ A£-cm¿∞-Øn¬ \Sp-°nb hm¿Øbm-bn-cp∂p AXv. tIm¨{K- ns‚ cmjv{So-b-[m-c-bn¬ Dd-®p-\n-∂n-cp∂ \yq\-]-£-°m-cmb tZio-b- ap-kven-wIfmb Rß-tfbpw apkvenw aPvenkv I m- t cbpw kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S - t Ømfw A_vZp¿ dln-am≥ kmln-_ns‚ XnI®pw Ahn-Nm-cn-X-amb th¿]mSv Hcp henb BLm-X-am-bn-cp-∂p. At±-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

Imb-en¬ \n∂p≈ kpJ-Ic- a- mb Im‰pw sXm´-SpØp≈ C¿hn≥ ]m¿°pw (C-∂Xp kp`mjv t_mkv ]m¿°m-Wv) F√mw tN¿∂v B ssaXm\w A∂v hfsc {]kn-≤-amb Hcp s]mXp-th-Znbm-bn-cp-∂p. sXm´SpØp ]m¿°n-\p≈n¬, ÿm\XymKw sNbvX sIm®n- a-lm-cm-Pmhns‚ ]q¿W-Imb {]Xna \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂p. AXp-sIm≠m-bn-cn-°Ww AXn\v cmtP-{μssa-Xm\w F∂p t]cp h∂-Xv. Xs‚ hnizm-k߃°v \nc°mØ \ne]m-sSSp-°m≥ hnk-ΩXn®v cmP-]-Zhn Dt]-£n® Hcm-fmbn-cp∂p At±lw F∂p tI´n-´p-≠v

l-Øns‚ Poh\p henb `oj-Wn-I-fp≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂Xv icn-X-s∂. ae_m-dnse NnebnS-ß-fn¬ sh®v At±lw B{I-an-°-s∏-Sp-I-bp-ap-≠mbn-. F¶nepw c£-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wp-≠mb-Xv. tImgn-t°mSv IS-∏p-dØv D∏p-k-Xy{K-l-k-a-c-Øn¬ Bap kq{]-≠ns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ s]meo-km-{I-aWsØ Ahn-iz-k-\o-b- I-cp-tØmSpw Ic-fp-d-t∏mSpw IqSn t\cn´p hotc-Xnlmkw krjvSn® At±-lsØ B¿°pw A{X Ffp-∏-Øn¬ A]m-bs∏SpØm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-s√-∂p≈ Hcp hnizmkw R߃s°-√m-ap-≠mbn-cp-s∂-¶nepw A∂sØ ae-_mdnse cmjv{Sob kml-N-cy-Øn¬ Nnet∏mƒ F¥pw kw`-hn-t®-°m-sa∂ Ahy-‡- amb Bi-¶bpw R߃°p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXn-\n-S-bn-emWv AXn-t\-°mƒ sR´n-∏n-°p∂ hn[Øn¬ B A¥yw kw`-hn-®-Xv. At±lsØ cmjv{So-b-ambn FXn¿Øn-cp∂-h-cn¬ Xs∂ At±-l-Øns‚ BZ¿i-[o-c-X-tbbpw AI-f-¶-amb hy‡n-ssh-in-jvSy-tØbpw Ie-h-dbn-√msX AwKo-I-cn-®n-cp∂ At\-Imbn-cw-t]¿ tIc-f-Øn-ep-S-\o-f-ap-≠m-bncp-∂p. F¥m-bmepw A∂sØ cmjv{So-b-`m-jm-ssien D]-tbm-Kn®p ]d-bp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ tZiob apkvenwI-fmb R߃ A_vZp¿ d“m≥ kmln-_ns‚ BIkvan-I-amb ac-WtØm-Sp-IqSn s]s´∂v A\m-Y-cm-b-hsc-t∏m-se-bmbn. A°m-eØv tIm¨{K v apkvenwI-fpsS {it≤-b-amb km∂n≤yap≠m-bn-cp∂ Hcp {]tZ-iam-bn-cp∂p FS-h-\-°m-Sv. tImfPv hnZym¿∞n- I - f m- b n- c p∂ Rßfpw A`y-kvX-hn-Zy-cmb bphm-°-fn-e-[nIhpw eoKp cmjv{So-bhpw ]m°nkvXm≥ hmZhpw sImSp-ºn-cn-s°m≠n-cp∂ A°m-eØpw hnZym¿∞ntIm¨{K-   nepw sIm®n- c m- P y- { ]- P m- a WvU-e-Ønepw Ipd®p t]¿ apkvenw aPv e n- k nepw {]h¿Øn- ° p∂hcm- b ncp-∂p. Aeo-K¿ k¿Δ-I-em-imem \Kc-Øn-\-SpØp Xma-kn-®n-cp∂ Fw.-G tJm-P-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≈ C¥y≥ apkvenw aPvenkv tIm¨{K v ]£-Øm-bn-cp-∂p-sh¶nepw AXpw Hcp kmap-Zm-bnI -kwL-S-\-bm-b-Xp-sIm≠v Rß-fn¬ Nne¿ AXn¬ tNcp-I-bp-≠m-bn-√. tIm¨{K v t\XrXzw s]mXpsh apkvenw aPven- ns‚ {]h¿Ø-\ßsf A∂sØ tZio-b-cm-jv{Sob

22 am¿®v 2014

57


c≠mw temI-al - m-bp-≤Øn-\p-tijw hf¿∂ ioX-bp-≤Ø - ns‚ aq¿≤-\y -Im-e-L-´w. s\{lp-hns‚ tNcn-tNcm hntZ-i-\bw Ata-cn°sb Acniw ]nSn-∏n®p-sIm-≠ncp-∂p. ^eØn¬ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ t\Xr-XzØn-ep≈ Iayq-WnÃv tNcnsb klm-bn°p∂ s\{lp-hn-t‚bpw Iq´-cp-tSbpw tNcn-tN-cm\-b-Øns‚ ]n∂nse sNIp-Øms‚ _p≤n hn.-sI.-Ir-jvWt- at\mt‚XmsW∂v Atacn° Bflm¿∞-ambn hniz-kn-®n-cp-∂p

Xmev]-cy-߃ IW-°n-seSpØv AI-a-gn™p klm-bn-®psIm-≠n-cp-∂p. A∂v amXr-`q-anZn-\-∏{Xw aPvenkv hm¿ØIƒ°v \√ {]m[m\yw \evInbn-cp∂p. CXv a\- n-em-°nb Nne apkvenw eoKv {]h¿ØI∑m¿ Xß-fpsS ÿeØp \S∂ apkvenw aPvenkv tbmK-dn-t∏m¿s´∂ \ne- b n¬ hm¿Øm°p- d n∏v amXr- ` q- a n- ° - b - ® p- s Im- S p- Ø p. AtX-Xm≠v C-ß-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p. ChnsS Pl∂w ssaXm-\nbn¬ sh®p P\m_v A_p Pmlvens‚ A≤y-£-X-bn¬ apkvenw aPven-kns‚ s]mXpk-t Ω-f\w tNcp-I-bp-≠m-bn. kap-Zm-b-Ønse F√m-ap-\m-^nJn-ßfpw aPven-kns‚ sImSn°o-gn¬ AWn-\n-c-t°-≠XmsW∂v A≤y-£≥ Bth-i]q¿hw Blzm\w sNøp-I-bp≠m- b n. dnt∏m¿´nse Ad-_n-hm-°p-IfpsS \ntj-[m¿∞-߃ Adnbm-hp∂ apkvenwI-fmcpw A∂p ]{Xm-[n]kan-Xn-bn-ep-≠m-Im-Xncp∂Xv sIm≠v km[m-cW - K - X - nbn¬ dnt∏m¿´v kmam\yw \√ {]m[m\yw \evIn {]kn-≤o-I-cn°pI-bp-≠m-bn. CØcw h©\m-]-c-amb Hcp A`n-\-μ-\m-`n{]mbw {]kn≤ Ata-cn-°≥ apl-ΩZv A_vZp¿ -d-ln-am≥ kmln_v

58

22 am¿®v 2014

\yqkv hmcn-Ib - mb ssSw {]kn≤o-I-cn®v Aafn ]‰p-I-bp-≠mb ]nev°m-esØ IY ChnsS Hm¿Øp t]mhp-I-bm-Wv. c≠mw temI-a-lm-bp-≤-Øn-\ptijw hf¿∂ ioX-bp-≤-Øns‚ aq¿≤-\y-Im-eL - ´- w. ]WvUn‰v s\{lp-hns‚ tNcn-tNcm hntZ-i\bw Ata-cn-°sb Acniw ]nSn-∏n®p-sIm-≠ncp-∂p. ^e-Øn¬ tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ t\Xr-XzØn-ep≈ Iayq-WnÃv tNcnsb klm-bn-°p∂ s\{lp-hn-t‚bpw Iq´-cp-tSbpw tNcn-tN-cm-\-bØns‚ ]n∂nse sNIpØms‚ _p≤n (evil genius) hn.-sI.-Ir-jvW-tat\mt‚XmsW∂v Ata-cn° Bflm¿∞-ambn hniz-kn-®n-cp∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ssSw amknI Xß-fpsS {]Xy-£-Øn¬ ]Itbm hntZz-jtam H∂p-ans√∂p tXm∂-Ø-°-hn-[-Øn¬ A]q¿h-kp-μ-c-amb \b-X-{¥ssi-en-bn¬ hmcn-I-bpsS Ih¿ tÃmdn-bmbn IrjvW-ta-t\ms‚ Pohn-Xhpw {]h¿Ø-\-ßfpw hfsc {]m[m-\y-tØmsS {]kn≤o-I-cn-®p. F∂m¬ Imcy-߃ Adn-bm-hp∂ B¿°pw AXn¬ \nd™p \n∂n-cp∂ hntZz-jØns‚ hnjw a\- n-em-Ip-am-bncp-∂p. B e°-tØbpw hn.-sI.Ir-jvW-ta-t\m-s\-∏‰nbp≈ Ih¿ IY-I-tfbpw A`n-\-μn-®psIm≠v amXr-`q-an-bnse aPvenkv dnt∏m¿´nset∏mse \ntj[m¿∞-ß-f-S-ßnb Nne lnμnhm-°p-Iƒ tN¿Øv A`n-\-μn-®psIm≠v ssSw ]{Xm-[n-]¿°v Hscgp-sØ-gp-Xn. AX-h¿ {]kn-≤o-Icn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Aa-fn-]‰nb-X-dn™ DS≥ C¥y-bnse AXns‚ hnX-c-W-°m¿ B A`n-\- μ-\-°-Ø-S-ßnb e°w apgp-h≥ am¿°-‰n¬ \n∂p ]n≥hen-®p. hfsc°me-ambn ssSw hmcn-I-bpsS hmb-\-°m-c-\mb Rm≥ IrjvW-ta-t\m≥ ]Xn∏p hmbn-®n-cp-∂p. A∂v U¬lnbnse Pman-b-an-√n-b-bn¬ tPmen sNbvXn-cp∂ Rm≥ ASp-Øe°w hmßp- h m≥ sImWm´vsπbvknse _pIvtÃmdn¬ sN∂-t∏m-fmWv tÃm¿ Io∏dn¬ \n∂p hnhcw apgp-h≥ Adnbp-∂-Xv. B tIm∏n- ]n∂oSp ImWm≥ Ign-™n-√. (XpS-cpw)

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

59


1970 sk]vXw-_¿ 19s‚ Ih¿, t^mt´m: Fw.Fw al-aqZv

60

22 am¿®v 2014

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


A-Iv-_¿ I-°-´n-en-s‚ I-Y 1970 sk-]v-Xw-_¿ 5 a-ebmf sN-dp-I-Ybnepw t\m-h-en-epw em-fn-Xy-Øn-s‚ {Km-ao-W-ssi-enXp-∂n-t®¿-Ø F-gp-Øp-Im-c-\mWv A-Iv-_-¿ I-°-´n¬. B-[p-\n-I¿°v ]n∂mse ae-bm-f-km-ln-Xy-Øn¬ hf¿∂p-h∂ F-gp-Øp-Imcn¬ {]-apJ≥. F-gp-]-Xp-I-fn-¬ hn-Zym-`ym-k-Im-e-ØpX-s∂ k¿-Km-fl-I-c-N-\-bn-te°v Xn-cn™ A-Iv-_¿ B-gv-N-∏-Xn-∏n-epw Xp-S-°-Øn¬Xs∂ F-gp-Xn-h-∂n-cp-∂p. AXn-sem-∂m-Wv "Xn-cam-e' F∂ sIm-®pI-Y.

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

61


IY dmjnZm ^¿ko\ sI Pn.Pn.F®v.Fkv.Fkv at©cn

A

bmƒ kmh-Imiw Ccp-fn¬ \n∂v Aßv Zqsc ImWp∂ an∂m-an-\p-ßns‚ shfn-®sØ e£y-am°n \S∂p. Ahn-tS°v ASp-°pw-tXmdpw shfn®w IqSn-°qSn hcp∂p. {]Imi-Øns‚ bYm¿∞ ÿm\-saØn. AhnsS Hcp sIm®p-Iqc. Abmƒ hmXn-en¬ ap´n. \ni-_vZ-amb B Iqcn-cp-´n¬ IqcbpsS hmXn-ep-Iƒ Xpd∂p. "Bcm.....B......Bcm' hnd-°p∂ i_vZ-hp-ambn Hcp hr≤ hmXn-en-\-Sp-tØ°v h∂p. ""Bcm.....Cu cm{Xn F¥n\m ChnsS hs∂.....?'' ho≠pw hr≤bpsS tNmZyw Db¿∂p. Abmƒ Hcp ]cp-°≥ i_vZ-tØmsS ]d™p: ""Rm≥ ]´-W-Øo-∂mWv, Nne t^mt´m FSp-°m≥ h∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p. F\n-s°m∂v hgn ]d-™p-X-cptam?'' hr≤ ]d™p: ""tamt\.....Rm≥ ChnsS X\n®m......'' ""X\nt®m'' Abmƒ A¤p-X-tØmsS tNmZn®p. ""AtX tamt\......AsXms° henb IYbm.....'' AXpw ]d™v B hr≤ s]m´n-s∏m-fn™ Hcp ]Sn-bn¬ Ccp∂p. Abmƒ Np‰pw t\m°n. Hscm‰ dqw. AXn¬ Hcp ASp∏pw Icn-]n-Sn® \me©v ]m{X-ßfpw am{Xw. ]ns∂ sNdn-sbmcp hSn. \nh¿∂p InS∂m¬ ap´v t]mepw ad-bmØ Iodnb Hcp-Xp≠v ]pX∏v. sNdnsbmcp Xe-b-Wbpw. Abmƒ A¤p-X-tØmsS t\m°n-bt∏mƒ hr≤ ]d™p: ""\o F¥m Cßs\ t\m°vsW.....\o GXm F¥m s\s‚ t]cv.....?'' ""Rm≥ Hcp t^mt´m-{Km-^-dmWv, ]´-W-Øn-emWv tPmen. `mcybpw aq∂v a°fpw D≠v. t^mt´m FSp-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ t\cw t]mb-X-dn-™n√. Aßs\ Cu

62

22 am¿®v 2014

Im´n¬ s]´p-t]mbn. Mm......C\n AΩ-®osS IY ]dbq. AΩ®n Fßs\bm Cu Im´n¬ H‰-s∏-´Xv?'' Abmƒ tNmZn®p. AΩ®n ]d™p XpSßn....... ""\me©v amk-߃°v apºv Fs‚ tams‚ hnhmlw Kw`o-cambn \S∂p. ]t£......[q¿Ø-Sn°p-∂Xv F\n°v Xosc CjvS-ap≈ Imcy-a-√m-bn-cp∂p. AXp-sIm-≠pXs∂ AXn-s\-∏‰n Rm≥ tamt\mSv ]d-™o-cp∂p. CXv Fs‚ acp-tamƒ°v Xosc CjvSmbn√. AXns\ XpS¿∂v ]e Ii-]ni-Ifpw ho´n-ep-≠mbn. F\n°pw Fs‚ tPmtk-´\pw BsI D≠mbn-cp∂ Hcp Ip´n-bm-W-h≥. tPmtk-´≥ acn-®-tXmsS Ahs\ t]m‰m\pw ]Tn-∏n-°m\pw ]e hoSp-I-fnepw Ibdn tPmen sNbvXv IjvS-s∏´p. Ah≥ _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ a\- n-em°n \∂mbn ]Tn®v Hcp hey Iº-\oev tPmen t\Sn. iº-fsa√mw Ah≥ Fs‚ ssIbn¬ sIm≠vXcpw, Ahs‚ Imcy-Øn\v th≠ ]Ww Ah≥ Ft∂mSv tNmZn°pw, Aßs\ \√-co-Xnbn¬ Ign™ R߃! Ahs‚ IeymWw Ign-™-tXmsS ÿnXnK-Xn-Iƒ BsI amdn adn™p. Fs‚ tamsf-t∏mse I≠n-cp∂ Fs‚ acp-tamfv Fs∂ ]pd-Øm°m≥ ]e hnZy-Ifpw sNbvXp. HSp-hn¬ Fs‚ tamsf-t∏me I≠ncp∂ Ahƒ.....Fs∂.....'' hr≤ tXßm≥ XpSßn. IÆp-\o¿ XpS®p-sIm≠v ho≠pw ]d™p. ""hnhm-l-tijw R߃°v hensbmcp NXn-]‰n. As√-¶n¬ F\n°o KXn-h-cn-√m-bn-cp∂p.'' NXn F¥m-sW-∂-dn-bm≥ Abmƒ Bth-i-tØmsS sNhntbm¿Øp. hr≤ ]d™p XpSßn: ""Aht‚bpw Fs‚bpw t]cn-ep≈ F√m kzØpw Ah-fpsS t]cnem°n. hoSpw ]dºpw F√mw. Rm\m Fs‚ tamt\mSv ]d-™Xv, \obpw IqSn ho´n¬ \n∂v t]mh≠m, Rm≥ Xs∂ ho´v∂v t]mbm¬ Ahƒ Fs¥ms° Im´n-°q´pw Bthm? Rm≥ sXcphn-en-d-ßn-bmepw Fs‚ tam\v B KXn hc-cpXv.'' Aßs\ BZy-sams° Ah≥ hneßn. ]ns∂ Rm≥ kΩ-Xn∏n®p. Hcp hmSI hoSv icn-bm-Ip-∂Xp-hsc ChnsS Xßmw F∂

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


Fs‚ \ne-]mSv tam\pw icn-sh®p. Ah≥ F√m Znh-khpw `£-W-hpw-sIm≠v hcpw. Ah≥ Fs∂ ssIhn-´n-√t√m?......'' s]s´∂v Abmƒ tNmZn®p: ""tam≥ C∂v ht∂m....'' ""AsX...cmhnse h∂p t]mbn'' hr≤ ]d™p. ""Mm, Ipd-®-Ise Hcp hoSv icn-bm-bn-´p≠v. Hcp the-°m-cnsb In´n-bm¬ Rm\pw tam\pw Ahn-tS°v amdpw.'' DS≥ Xs∂ Abmƒ ]d™p: ""AΩ-®nbpw tam\pw F{X-am{Xw IjvS-s∏-Sp-∂p-s≠∂v F\n°v a\- n-embn. AXp-sIm≠v.....'' apgp-h-\m-°msX Abmƒ t^msW-SpØv Bsctbm hnfn®p. Fs¥ms°tbm ]d-bp-∂Xv hr≤ {i≤n®p. Abmƒ ho≠pw hr≤-tbmSv ]d™p:

""AΩ®o.....AΩ-®nsb ip{iq-jn-°m≥ Fs‚ ho´n¬ `mcybpw -a-°fpw D≠v. AΩ-®n°v AXym-h-iy-ambn H∂pw FSp°m-\n-s√-¶n¬ hm......Ipd®v Ign-™m¬ h≠n hcpw. cmhnse tams\ At\z-jn®v Rm≥ AΩ-®osS ap∂n¬ sIm≠Øcmw.'' H∂pw FSp-°m-\n-s√∂ a´n¬ AbmfpsS ]n∂mse \S∂p. hml-\-Øns‚ i_vZw tI´p. Ah¿ AXn-te°v Ibdn. ""F\n°v AΩ-bn-√mØ Zp:Jw C\n D≠m-hn√.'' F∂-bm-fpsS `mcy ]d-™t∏mƒ B AΩ-®n-bpsS IÆn¬ \n∂pw kvt\l-Øns‚ IÆo¿ Nmen-s´m-gpIn!!!

kzm`m-hn-IX tNm¿∂p-t]m-I-cpXv

DÆn-tb-´s‚ Ipdn∏v

{]n

b-s∏-´-htc, Hcp IY sa\-s™-Sp-°p-tºmƒ, AXn¬ kw`m-hyX F{X-tØm-f-ap≠v F∂v BZyta Xn´-s∏-Sp-ØWw. kw`m-hy-X-bp-≈-sX∂v \mw Icp-Xp∂ c≠v kw`-h-߃ Iq´nt®¿°p-tºmƒ kw`m-hyX \jvS-s∏Smw. AXn-\m¬ Hmtcm kw`-h-Ønepw kw`mhyX thWw. AXv XΩn¬ tN¿°p-tºmƒ \jvS-s∏-Sm\pw ]mSn√. kw`m-hy-X-bpsS Awiw tNm¿∂p-t]m-b-XmWv dmjnZm ^¿ko\ Fgp-Xnb ""Ccp-fn¬ \n∂v shfn-®Øn-te°v'' F∂ IY-bpsS tZmjw. ]cn-NnX-a-√mØ aWvU-e-ß-sf-°p-dn-s®-gp-Xp-tºmgp≈ tZmj-am-WXv. acp-a-Iƒ NXn® AΩbpsS IY-bm-WnXv. acp-a-Iƒ NXn°mw. ]t£ ChnsS B kw`-h-Øn\v kzm`m-hn-IX-bn√. Hcp kvt\l-[-\≥ h∂v Iq´n-s°m≠p-t]mImw. ]t£ ChnsS AXn\pw hnizm-kyX t]mcm. F∂p-sh-®m¬ IYm-¥co£w BsI Ir{Xn-a-ambn F∂¿∞w. F¶nepw IY sIm®p sIm®p hmIy-ß-fn¬ ]d™p Xo¿°m≥ dmjnZm ^¿ko-\°v

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

Ign-™n-´p≠v. A£-c-sØ-‰p-Iƒ {i≤n-°Ww. eLp-hmb hnj-b-߃ ssIImcyw sNøpI. AXv A\p-`-h-ko-a-°-I-Øp-\n¬°p-∂-Xm-Iptºmƒ lrZ-b-Øn¬ X´pw. IY-bpsS Ah-X-c-WØns‚ BZy-`mKw \∂mbn. F¶nepw {i≤n-°pI. sIm°n-sem-Xp-ßp∂ hnj-b-߃ ssIImcyw sNøpI. \ΩpsS Np‰p-]m-Sp-I-fn-te°v t\m°q. AhnsS Fs¥√mw kw`-h-߃! At√? B¿{Z-amb Nne am\-kn-Im-\p-`-h-ß-fpsS BhnjvIm-c-amWv h¿j ]n.hn Fgp-Xnb ""\\™ Xqhep-Iƒ'' F∂ IhnX. lrZbw ]¶p-sh-°p∂ kulrZw. B kulr-Z-Øns‚ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ. AXv lrZ-bsØ aYn-°p-∂ hn[w. AXv Bhn-jvI-cn°m≥ Ihn D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p∂ _nw_-߃. F√mw \∂v. F¶nepw BsI-°qSn Hcp ]pI-ad. \nc-¥cw Fgp-Xp-tºmƒ B Ahy-‡X amdn°n´pw. \n›e Ombm-{K-ml-W-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-SpØn, \Ip¬ Fgp-Xnb Omb F∂ Ihn-X-bn¬ ]pXp-abp≠v. Iyma-d-bn¬ H∏n-sb-Sp-°m≥ ]mI-amb Zriy߃ \nc-Øn-sh-°p-I-bmWv Ihn. F¶nepw ]dbp∂ Imcy-߃ kwth-Z-\-£-a-am-°m≥ {i≤n°pI. Iyma-d-°-Æp-I-fn-eqsS ImWp∂ _mlytemIw F∂ I¬]\ ]pXp-a-bp-f-hm-°p∂p. aXm-‘X hcp-Øn-sh-°p∂ hn\-I-sf-°p-dn®v thh-em-Xn-sIm-≈p∂ cN-\-bmWv jm\-hm-kns‚ ""Hfn-®p-Ifn.'' Hfn-®p-I-fn-°p∂ \∑-sb-°p-dn®v Ihn Zp:JtØmsS Nn¥n-°p∂p. Imhy hnjbw a\ n¬ X´Ww. Iptd-°qSn `wKn-bmbn Fgp-Xm≥ jm\-hm-kn\v Ignbpw. Ign-bs´.

{io[-c-\pÆn 22 am¿®v 2014

63


IhnX

\n∂n¬, F\n°m `bw ImWm-am-bn-cp∂p....

h¿j ]n.hn

\\™ Xqh-ep-Iƒ

""H

cp ]q¶m-‰n≥ K‘w ]I¿∂m¬ Hm¿°pI; Rms\∂ kXyw C∂pw imizXw..... Fs∂ Hm¿°sh, \n≥ a\sam ∂p ]nS-™m¬, Adn-bpI; Rm\p-≠mhpw IqsS.....'' CXp \ns‚ hcn-Iƒ F\n°p am{Xw ka¿∏n-®h.... A∂p \o IØn-®p-X∂ Xncn-I-sfbpw ]Tn-∏n® ]mT-ß-sfbpw ImWn-®p-X∂ hgn-I-sfbpw Hcp agbv°pw ambv°m-\m-bn-´n√.... Bhp-I-bp-an√. D®-sh-bn-ense IdpØ \ng-ep-Isf A∂pw \mw `b-s∏-´n-cp∂p.... B¿Øn-tbm-sS-b-Sp-°p∂ Igp-Is‚ IÆp-Isf Zni-sX-‰n-°p-tºmgpw,

64

22 am¿®v 2014

CSbv°v h∂v \n¿ØmsX kwkm-cn-°p∂ agsb, \mw AXn-c‰v kvt\ln-®n-cp∂p.... ImØn-cp-∂n-cp∂p.... BIm-i-Øns‚ XWpØ kvt\l-amb Ben-∏-g-߃.... ssIh-cpw-ap≥]v Aen-™n-√m-Xm-hp-∂h..... Ahbv°v \ΩpsS kz]v\-ß-fpsS Omb-bp-s≠∂v \o `b-s∏-´p-ht√....? IØp∂ shbn-ense Icn-bmØ taml-߃°mbv, Im‰n≥ Ic-߃ Bizm-k-am-bn´pw, hk¥w ad∂ hmI-a-c-߃ \ap-°mbv IpS \nh¿Øn-bn´pw, "_‘-\-ß-fm-hp∂ _‘-ßsf' \o `b-s∏-´n-cp-∂nt√....? CXv.... shSn-sbm-®bv°v ImtXm¿Ø-t∏mƒ, \osb-\n-°mbv samgn™ a{¥Ww.... ""Ic™p Xf¿∂ "Xoc'Øns‚ hn߬ tIƒ°msX, Hmtcm "Xnc'bpw ]c-Xp∂p, F¥n-t\m-th≠n.... {]mW-\-‰p-t]m-Ip∂ thZ-\-tbmsS, Icbpw.....'' C∂nXm, Ime-°-S-ens‚ Xoc-Øp-\n∂pw Hcp Xnc-IqSn Hgp-In-b-I-ep∂p. IS¬ Ic-tbmSv ]d-bm≥ ad∂ au\w AXns‚ AS-ßmØ Zml-ambv, Hm¿a-bmbv, kvt\l-kp-K-‘-ambv, ho≠pw....

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


\Ip¬ ]n.Pn

Omb P

tem-]-cn-Xew ]mb¬ Nn{X-I-e-bpsS apgp-∏n¬.

jm\-hmkv Ipep-°-√q¿ Ipfw shbn¬X-´n-b-ek kuμ-cy-h-Xn-bm-bn-®-a-bp∂p. Rm≥ F∂ Fs‚ kplrØv, Hcp \n›e Ombm-{Km-l-I≥, Ic-bn-en-cp∂p ImWp-∂-Xn-\m¬ am{Xw t\cnb hnS-hn-eq-sS-sbmcp ao≥ t\m´w \o≠p h∂p X´n, Ic-°m-gvN-I-fn-ep-S-°n-∏n-S-bp∂p, Nq≠-bn-se∂ t]mse. Bg-Øn-te-s°mcp Iymadm kv]¿iw sImfp-Øn-bn´p Xncn-sI-t∏m-cp-tºmƒ en]n hn\ym-k-a-km-[y-amb `mj-bn¬ sd‰n\ Ãn¬ sNbvX \n¿hn-Im-cX Nen°pw, Hcp t\cnb Im‰n-t\m-sSm∏w ho≠pw....

Hfn-®p-Ifn ]n

©p ss]X-en≥ ]qap-J-®n-√-bn¬ h¿Æ-߃ hncn-bn® Xmcm-´p-]m-´ns‚ Xmfhpw CuWhpw, sh≈n-\m-cp-I-fn¬ IXn-tcms‚ Npw_-\-ap-{Z-X≥ sh¨{]-Im-ihpw apØ-»n-°-Y-I-fpsS t\cpw \∑bpw Cs∂-hn-sS-bmWv Hfn-®p-I-f-™Xv? NmSn-a-dn™v Ie-ßnb Ipf-Øn¬ PmXo-b-X-bpsS hnjw Ie¿Øn-b-Xm-cmWv? Hcp-a-bpsS De-°°v thZ-\-bpsS cpNn-bm-Wn∂v. Hcp ta¬°q-c°p Iogn¬ Htc Xmfn¬ \n∂v Adnhp˛ \pI¿∂ Rß-fpsS CS-bn¬ aX-Øns‚ aXn¬s°-´p-b¿Øn-b-Xm-cmWv? thZ-߃ `{Z-am-°n-b-hsc kzm¿∞-tam-l-߃ `cn-°m≥ XpS-ßp∂p. \maw P]n-®n-cp∂ hoSp-Ifn¬ C∂v IÆo¿Nm-en-s´m-gp-Ip∂p. aXm-‘-X-bpsS Iq¿Ø ap\-I-ƒ a¿Xy-am-\-k-ß-fn¬ hnj-hn-Øp-]m-Ip∂p.

F¬.]n kvIqƒ apX¬ tImfPv Xew hscbp≈ hnZym¿∞n-I-fp-sSbpw Fgp-Øns‚ BZy-]Sn IS-°p-∂-hcp-sSbpw krjvSn-IfmWv (I-Y, Ihn-X) "]pXp-\m-ºp-I-fn'¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂Xv. kvIqƒ, ]Tn-°p∂ ¢mkv, ta¬hnemkw, t^mt´m, t^m¨ \º¿ F∂nh klnXamWv hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ cN-\-Iƒ Ab-t°-≠-Xv. \nß-fpsS cN-\-Iƒ {]ikvX Ihn ]n.]n {io[-c-\pÆn Xnc-s™-Sp-°pw.

hnemkw: ]pXp\mºp-Iƒ, N{μnI BgvN-∏-Xn-∏v, ]n.-_n. \º¿: 64, YMCA tdmUv, tImgn-t°m-Sv˛673 001 Csa-bn¬: chandrikaputhunampukal@gmail.com

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

65


F.hn ]hn-{X≥

tIm

hn-es‚ IYbn¬ hm°p-Iƒ F√n¬ IpØn°-b-dn-bmWv A\p-`-hsØ t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv. Hcp IjWw Aÿn F∂Xv Hcp IY-bpsS t]cv am{X-a√, Hmtcm IYbpw Hcp Aÿn-bmWv. _mly-X-e-Øn¬, Na¬°m-c`w-Kn-bn¬ ("amwk-fX') Hcn°epw tImhn-e≥ BIr-jvS-\mbn-cp-∂n√. F∂m¬ Imhy-imkv{X-Øn¬ \√ hyp¬∏-Ønbp≈, kwkvIrX kmln-XyØnepw `mj-bnepw Ah-Km-lap≈ At±lw Nne-t∏mƒ h\yamb XmfsØ {]Zm\w sNøp∂ LS\ IY-bn¬ \nd°p∂p. a‰p Nne-t∏mƒ, \m´p-h-g°-Øns‚ NSp-ehpw Xo{h-hpamb Xmfw sIm≠p-h-cp∂p. IY-bm-bmepw t\mh-em-bmepw hmIy-߃ ]mSn-∏mSn ]Xw hcpØn-bmWv tImhn-e≥ Fgp-Xp∂Xv. tImhn-es‚ cN-\m-X{¥w AXy¥w \mS-Io-bhpw khn-tijhpw auen-I-hp-am-sW∂v ]dbmw. hm°p-Iƒ Is≠-Øp∂-Xnepw thdn´ kao-]\˛\nK-a\-coXn At±lw Ah-ew_n°p∂Xp ImWmw˛ {Kma-Ø\n-a-bp≈ ({Zmhn-U-amb "hwis∏-cpa') IYm-h-kvXp-hnepw \Kcm-\p-`-h-ß-fpsS BteJ-\Ønepw ssk\n-Im-\p-`-h-ßfpsS _mc-°p-I-fnepw F√mw. aI≥, iwJv, Hcp \K-c-Øns‚ IY, Hcp IjWw Aÿn, ]nØw, kpPmX, Cu PohnXw A\m-Y-amWv, iIp\w XpSßnb \nc-h[n anI® IYm-\p-`h-߃ tImhn-e≥ ae-bm-fØn\p \¬In-bn-´p≠v. amXr-II-fn-√mØ A\\p-I-c-Wo-b-amb {]ta-bhpw BJym-\hpw tImhnes‚ IY-I-fpsS {]tXy-I-XbmWv. "kpPmX' BJym\ Ie-

66

22 am¿®v 2014

I\Ø Im¬sh-∏ns‚

kv{Xo PohnXw IY-bm-bmepw t\mh-em-bmepw hmIy-߃ ]mSn-∏mSn ]Xw hcpØn-bmWv tImhn-e≥ Fgp-Xp-∂Xv. tImhn-es‚ cN-\m-X{¥w AXy¥w \mS-Io-bhpw khn-ti-jhpw auen-I-hp-am-sW∂v ]dbmw -˛ tImhn-es‚ "kpPmX' Hcp ]T\w bn¬ Hcp ]co-£-Whpw kvss{XW-k-Ø-bpsS B¥cm¿∞-߃ tXSp∂ `mh-Xo-£vW-amb IY-bp-amWv. kpPmX amkn-I-bn¬ hmbn-°p∂ apØ-»n-°Y. Ak-fm-cpsS IY˛ AΩ \mWn-bp-sSbpw Ah-fpsSbpw IY˛ Cßs\ "kpPmX'bn¬ BJym-\-Øn¬ Xs∂ ]e IY-Ifpw At\Iw am\-ß-fpap≠v. tImhne≥ F∂ Fgp-Øp-Im-cs‚ IY-]-d-®n-ens‚ DZmØ km∂n-[y-amWv Cu cN\. IY-bpsS {]mNo\ hgn-I-fnse-∂-t]mse h¿Ø-am-\-Ønepw IY ]d-®n-en\p kmwK-Xy-ap≠v. ck-I-c-amb IYm-I-Y-\-Øns‚ Imesam-s°-°-gn™v k¶o¿Æ-amb A\p-`-h-ÿ-en-Ifn¬ k©-cn-°p-hm≥ hn[n-°-s∏´ Iem-Im-c-∑m¿ a¿Xy-Po-hn-X-Øns‚ {]iv\-ap-J-ß-fn¬ \n∂p kzoI-cn°p∂ IYm-h-kvXp-hns‚ ssIØ-g-°-ap≈ Ah-XcWw F∂ \ne-bnepw "kpPmX' t{ijvT-amWv. kv{XohmZ kmlnXyw Hcp cmjv{Sob/Iem-hn-j-bambn N¿® sNø-s∏-SmØ Ime-ØmWv "kpPmX' cNn®Xv. PohnXw t]mse tai-∏p-d-Øp-In-S-°p∂ amknI \¬Ip∂ IYm-\p-`-h-amWv XpS°w. kpPmX IY hmbn®p. sIm°pw Xh-fbpw sImXpIpw acw-sImØnbpw \S-Ønb I∏¬ I®-hSw˛sIm°v (I∏nØm≥), acw-sImØn ({km¶v), Xhf (Nc-°p-I-fn-d-°p∂-bmƒ), sImXp (apX-emfn). I∏¬t®-XØn¬ I®hSw XI¿∂-h-cpsS hnem-]-amWv XpS¿∂v. ""sImXp Ic™p! ‚©p ]Ww. Xhf ]d™p: Xcmw Xcmw. acw-sImØn [rXnIq´n: sImSv, sImSv. F√mw tI´v F√m-tam¿°p∂ sIm°n\p s\©-S®p: H: H:......'' sIm°ns‚ k¶-SØn¬ \n∂pw kpPmX FØn-t®-cp-∂Xv Ak-fm-cpsS IY-bn-te-°mWv, AXv as‰mcp apØ-»n-°-Y-bm-hp-I-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


bmWv. ""Ak-fm-cpsS IY AhfpsS IY-bm-Ip∂p. Ah-fpsS AΩ-bpsS IY-bm-Ip∂p.'' h¿Ø-am-\-Øn¬ \n∂p `qX-Ime-Øn-te°pw Xncn®pw Hcp IYmbm\w. {]Xy-£m-\p-`hw Ahn-sSbmWv Bcw-`n-°p-∂Xv. kpPm-XbpsS AΩ \mWn. Ahƒ AhtfmSv ]d™ Ncn-{X-I-Y\w "Ah¿ Fs∂ hn‰p' F∂mWv. `¿Ømhv acn®p aI-tfm-sSm∏w sN‰-∏p-c-bn¬ Xma-kn-°p∂ Ah¿°v hcp-am-\-am¿Kw Nmcmb hn¬]\. ASbv°m I®-h-S-°m-c\mb Ak-fm¿ \√ A -ep≈ am∏nf. \mWn-bpsS ssIbn¬ Rmb-dm-gvN-I-fn¬ Abmƒ ]Ww \¬In. kXy-ap≈ ]Ww \mWn aI-fpsS `mhn-°mbn ]pcbn¬ ]e-bn-SØpw Ipgn-®n-Sp∂p. ZrjvSm¥ IY-t]m-semcp aplq¿Ø-amWv \mWn-bpsS ]Ww kq£n∏v: ""Cu ]Ww apf®v AXp ssXbmbn ac-ambn ]qhmbn Imbm-Ip-tºmƒ, tamsf, kptP, \ns∂-°m-Wm≥ am\w acym-Zbmbn \memƒ hcpw. A∂v tamtf, kptP, AΩ \n\-s°mcp hoSv ]Wn-bn°pw.'' Cß-s\-bncns° Ak-fm-cpsS Bdm-bncw cq] If-™p-t]mbn. IpSn®p IpSn®p aXn-{`aw h∂v Ak-fm¿ t]mbn. \mWn-bvs°m∏w hnjm-ZtØmsS Xma-kns° Ak-fm¿ Bdm-bn-c-Øns‚ XpWn-°n-gnbpsS Ah-injvSw Is≠Øn. Nmcm-b-°p-∏n-I-fpsS AS-∏mbn amdnb ]W-k-©n-Øp-≠p-Iƒ Ak-fm-cpsS Zo\w h¿≤n-∏n®p. ""Ak-fm¿ acn-®p-t]mbn. Hcp Pohn-Xw-t]mse tai-∏p-d-Øp-In-S°p∂ amkn-I-bn¬ kpPmX Xm\-dn-bmsX t\m°n-t∏mbn. Hcp apØ-»n-°Y!'' amkn-I-bnse apØ-»n-°-Ybnse sImXp-hns‚ Zp:Jw Akfm-cn-eqsS kpPm-X-bn-te-s°-ØpI-bmWv. sN‰-bn¬ hnjm-Zn-bmbn Ign™ A¥y-\m-fp-I-fn¬ Akm-f-cpsS hm°p-Iƒ: "\mtWy, Fs‚ Bdm-bncw Xt∂m Xt∂m Xt∂m!' sImXphns‚ {]iv\hpw AXmWv. "‚©v ]Ww!' IYbpw Pohn-Xhpw H∂m-Ip-IbmtWm? IY-bn¬ Xs∂ PohnXw \nd-bp-I-bmtWm˛ Iebpw Pohn-Xhpw Cß-s\-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

tImhn-e≥

bmtWm H∂m-Ip-∂Xv? kpPm-X-bnte°v Xs∂ t]mImw. ktμ-l߃°v Adp-Xn-h-cp-Øp-hm≥ AΩsb ASpØp In´Ww. ASp-°f-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ Ah¿ Nmcm-b°p-∏n-bn-te°v F≥{Sn≥ hnj-Øp≈n-Iƒ sIm≠v s]m´p-Ip-Øp-IbmWv. el-cn-bv°p-th≠n ]mºns\s°m≠v sImØn-°p-∂Xp-t]mse F≥{Sn≥ Xp≈n-Iƒ Hmtcm Ip∏n°pw Nm¥p Nm¿Øp∂p. s]m´p-sXm-SmØ \mWn Pohn-X-Øn-\p-ta¬ Zpc-¥Øns‚ _nμp h¿jn-°p-I-bmWv.

kpPm-X-bpsS temI-a√ ASp-°f. Ahƒ ]Tn®p h°o-em-tI-≠-hfmWv. AΩ-bpsS ASpØv Bcp hcp∂p? Bc-hn-sS-\n∂p t]mIp∂p F∂v Ahƒ°-dn-bn√. Adn-tb≠ Bh-iy-hp-an√. ASp-°f-∏-Sn°v ]pdØv apdn-°p-≈n-emWv (AIw) kpPm-Xbv°p \¬Inb CSw. "AΩ F{X t]sc sIm√pw? AΩ F{X t]sc sIm∂p?' kpPmX-bpsS BIp-e-X°p apºn¬, Ip∏n-Iƒ°v Hmtcm C‰p Zpc¥w t\Zn-®p-Xo¿∂-t∏mƒ \mWn Fgp-

22 am¿®v 2014

67


k®n-Zm-\-μ≥, tImhn-e≥, tKm]n-N¥v \mc-¶v, Fw.Sn

t∂‰p ]pd-tØ-°n-dßn. Xs‚ IrXy-ß-fn¬ \n∂p aIsf am‰p-hmt\m Pohn-X-Øn¬ Xs‚ Zpc¥w aI-fn-eqsS Bh¿Øn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-hmt\m Bhmw \mWn-bpsS {]hrØn. ""tamtf, kptP, samgn-sX‰n \S∂m¬ hgn-sX‰pw.'' Pohn-X-Øns‚ hgnbpw samgn-bn-W-°hpw tbmPn∏n-°p-hm≥ \mWn \S-Øp∂ {ia߃ kpPm-Xbv°p am\hpw acymZbpw \¬Ip-hm-\mWv. Xs‚ P∑w hn‰p-Xp-e-®-h-tcmSv˛ F√m-h-tcmSpw ]I-bmWv. "AΩ F{X t]sc sIm√pw?' F∂ ASp-°-f-∏-Sn-bn¬ \n∂p≈ kpPm-X-bpsS tNmZyw \mWnbpsS ÿmh-csØ Cf-°p-IbmWv. "Ah-cm≠w' hf-sc-∏≠v \mWn-bpsS AΩ ]d-™-XpXs∂ Imcyw. Ah-cpsS hb-‰n¬ Hcp Ah-cm≠w hf¿∂v \mWn-bmbn-Øo¿∂p; Ahsf Hcp "Xf¥'bv°p hn‰p XSn-X∏n'. AhnsSbpw "Ah-cm≠w' \mWnsb Xf¿Øn. Nmcm-b-°mcn aI-fmb kpPm-Xsb hn‰n-´n√. hn¬°n√. ]t£ aI-fpsS tNmZyw, "AΩ F{X t]sc sIm√pw?' \mWn adp]Sn ]d™p. ""Rm≥ sXm´˛Fs∂ sXm´ kI-e-tcbpw sIm√pw!'' Xcn-®p-t]mb kpPmXbv°p "`qan-bn¬ thc‰p.' "Fs∂bpw'˛kpPm-X-bpsS kwi-b-Øn-\p-ta¬ \mWn \n»¶w ]d™p. ""\nt∂bpw sIm√pw˛'' AΩ Xs∂bpw sIm√p-sa∂ Adnhv kpPm-X-bn¬ apØ-»n-°-Y-bnse sIm°ns‚

68

22 am¿®v 2014

s\©p-cp-°-ambn amdp-∂n-SØmWv IYm¥yw. Ak-fm-cpsS acWw sImXp-hns‚ Zp:Jambn A\-¥-X-tbmfw XpS-cp∂p! "H:, H:......' kpPm-X-bpsS IÆn-eqsS \mWnsb Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂ BZy aplq¿Ø-Øn¬ Bk‡n \nd™ cq]-ap≠v. ""Ahƒ FWo-‰n´pw Ah-fpsS Ipº \neØp \n∂-S¿∂p-h-cm≥ aSn®p InS∂p. Pm°-‰ns‚ Ab™ ssIIƒ°v Xmsg \mWn-bpsS ap≥ X≠-bn¬ amwkw Xpfpºn. .......AΩ-bpsS IS-°-Æns‚ \ndw \oe. B t\m´-

Øns‚ aq¿®-bn¬ k¿∏w. Hcp Imf k¿∏-Øns‚ ^Ww hncn-bpwt]mse IS-°-Ænse \oe-\ndw AΩ-bpsS apJ-am-sI-∏-S¿∂p....'' Nmcmbw Ip∏n-bn-em-°p-tºmgpw AsX-SpØv ssXsØ-ßn≥Ipcen¬ G¥n-\n∂p \nt£-]n-°ptºmgpw Ah-fpsS taZ- p-Iƒ InX-®p-sh∂pw ]d-bp-∂n-SØv DSens‚ Cf-°-ß-fp≠v. aI-fpsS ImgvN-bnse AΩ-bpsS Ne-\Øn\v henb A¿∞-sam∂pw Cs√¶nepw IYsb kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw \mWn-bpsS \ne-\n¬∏v {][m-\-amWv. aIsf am\w acym-ZtbmsS hf¿Øp-hm-\mWv, Ahsf ASp-°-f-bn-te°pw Nmcmb hn¬∏\-bpsS `mKØpw ASp-∏n-°m-Xn-cn°p-∂Xv. Bf-\°w Adn-bmsX AI-Øn-cn-°-W-sa-∂mWv \n¿tZiw. sNdnb sXt° apdnbmWv, kpPm-X-bpsS "AIw'. F∂m¬ kwi-b-an-√m-sX-bp≈ sIme-hn-fn-bn¬ ""AΩ-bpsS IdpØ apJw Hcp k¿∏-^-W-am-bn∏-c∂p. Hcp Imf k¿∏w Ah-fpsS I¨ap-ºn¬ Hcp \oe-°-S-embn. Xnc-am-e-I-fmbn s]mßn.....'' \oek¿∏w Imf-k¿∏-ambn cq]m-¥-cs∏-Sp∂p. sXm´-Xn-s\-sb√mw Blcn-°p∂ {]IrXw. At∏mƒ kpPmX sIm°m-Ip-I-bmWv. "H:, H:.....' s\©p ]nf-cp-tºmƒ, Poh≥ ]dn-°p-tºmƒ Ah-fn¬ \n∂p-ap-bcp-I-bmWv H: H:'' I∏¬t®-X-Øn¬ F√mw XI¿∂n-cn-°p∂ sIm°ns‚ s\©n-Sn∏v Bh¿Øn-°p∂p. PohnXw "apØ-»n-°Y'bmbn t]mhp-I-bmtWm. AXn\p tbmPyamb Nne hm°p-Iƒ, \m´p-h-g°ns‚ A¿∞m-¥-c-߃ km£ys∏-Sp-Øp-∂h (Ah-cm≠w, Xf¥,.....) tImhn-e≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-SpØp-∂p≠v. Xm≥t]m-cn-a-bp≈ \mWn-bpsS PohnXw sNdp-Øp-\n¬∏ns‚ kvss{XW-`m-jy-amWv. Pohm-Pohnsb `b-°mØ, tImS-Xnsb `b°mØ \mWn I\Ø Im¬sht∏m-sS-bmWv PohnXw \S-∂pXo¿°p-∂Xv. kv{XobpsS Ima\bpw GIm-¥-Xbpw {]Xn-tj[hpw {]Xn-tcm-[hpw \mWn-bneqsS, kpPm-X-bn-eqsS XpS-cp-IbmWv. "\nß-fmI \n߃t° XpW' F∂p sshtem-∏n-ffn ]d™n-´p-≠t√m.

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


IhnX NmØ-∂q¿ taml≥

dh\yq dn°-hdn d

h\yq dn°-h-dn-bpsS t\m´o-kp-ambn hnt√-Pm-^o-kn¬ \n∂v Bsf-Øp-tºmƒ \K-c-Ønse temUvPv apdn-bn-en-cp∂v Ihn-X-sb-gp-Xp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Abmƒ. {]W-b-sØ-°p-dn®pw kwKo-X-sØ-°p-dn®pw _em¬kwKw sNø-s∏-Sp∂ s]¨Ip-´n-I-sf-°p-dn®pw Fgp-Xn-s°m-≠n-cp∂ Abmƒ°v IhnX ]q¿Øn-bm-°m-\m-bn√. AXn\p ap≥t] sk¬t^m-Wn-eqsS

`mcy-bpsS \ne-hn-fnbpw ]vcm°pw an∂¬t]mse ImXn¬ ]Xn®p. Iq´p-Im-cs‚ s]ßsS Ieym-W-Øn\v h¿j-߃°v ap≥]v _m¶v temsW-SpØv klm-b-lkvXw \o´n-b-Xns‚ "{]Xyp-]-Imc'amWv Ct∏mƒ In´n-b-sX∂v hnNm-c-s∏´v Abmƒ ho´n-te°v sh®p-]n-Sn®p. I≠-]msS `mcy s\©-Ø-Sn®v Ae-ap-d-bn´p: "Ft∂w ]n≈mtcw ]nt∂w ]nt∂w Ctßcv h©n-°p-I-bm-Wt√m `K-hmt\.....' sI´n-°m≥ {]mb-amb c≠p s]¨a-°-fp-sSbpw IÆp-I-fnse `b-kw-{`-a-ß-fn¬ t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ N¶p-S-™p-t]mbn! `mcy-tbbpw a°-tfbpw Biz-kn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Ihn-X-°-S-emkv t]m°-‰n¬ \n∂v Xmsg hoWp. Ic-®n-en-\n-S-bnepw IhnX ssI°-em°n `mcy ho≠pw ]vcmIn: "Ft∏m-gp-an-ßs\ IhnX Fgp-Xn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Ctß¿°v tem¨ AS-®p-Xo¿°m≥ Ign-bp-∂-sX-ßs\?' tNmZy-ap-\-bn¬ Abm-fpsS lrZbw InS∂v ]nS-™mSn......

KpW-]mTw kz]v\ß - ƒ°pw Ihn-XI - ƒ°pw dh\yp dn°-hdn t\m´o-kp-ambn \ncq-]-Isc-Øp∂ Imew AXn-hn-Zq-ca- √!

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

69


70

22 am¿®v 2014

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


IY Fen-k-_Øv

C

cp-´p-\n-d™ GtXm Xpc-¶-Øntem {]mNo\ K‘w \nd™ XS-h-d-bv°p-≈ntem AIs∏´ Hcmƒ°v shfn-®-Øn-te-s°-Øm-\p≈ AZ-ayamb B{Klw t]mse-bp≈ H∂v Ahfpw h¿j-ßfmbn lrZ-b-Ønepw au\-Ønepw hf¿Øn-s°m≠p-h-cp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn-emWv a\:imkv{X-hn-Z-Kv≤\mb Abmƒ Xs∂ \bn-°m≥ Ahƒ Ft∏mgpw IqsS-Ø-s∂-bp-≠m-h-W-sa∂v ]d-™Xv. Bcv Bsc-bmWv \bn-t°-≠Xv....? F√m-hcpw Htc Hcm-fpsS \nb-{¥-W-Øn-em-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ..... A{X-am-{Xta Ahƒ {]Xn-I-cn-®p≈q. F√m-‰n¬ \n∂pw, F√m kΩ¿±-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw AI∂v t\cw, Imew, F∂n-ßs\ t_m[sØ ad-bv°p-∂Xn-s\-sb√mw Dt]-£n®v, kzbw Xs∂ sNøWw F∂ Zp¿hm-insb Dt]-£n®v Bfl-Z¿i-\-tØm-fsa-Øp∂ \nan-j-߃ am{X-ambn Pohn-XsØ HXp°m≥ Ahƒ Xo{h-ambn B{K-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p. {]W-bm-Xp-c-ambn s]bvXp-Xn-an¿Ø F{X ag-cmhp-I-fn¬ Dd-ßm-Xn-cp∂v {]Wb `mj-W-ß-fn¬ \nd-bWw F∂-hƒ sImXn-®n-´p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. \nemhv Ae-¶-cn® hoWp-Xo¿∂ am©p-h-´nse Du™m-en¬ H∂n-®n-cp∂v ]gb lnμn Km\-߃ ]mSn BS-W-sa∂pw tamln-®n-cp∂p. ]t£ ASp-°f-bnse ]m{X-߃ IgpIn IangvØn cmhn-esØ Nmb-bv°p≈ ]e-lm-c-Øn-\p-≈Xv Ac®pw IpXn¿Øpw ]ip-°ƒ°v ]p√n´pw, Ip™p߃°v IpSn-°m-\p≈ Cfw NqSp-sh≈w ^vfmkvIn-em-°p-tºm-tg°pw Abm-fpsS D®-Ønep≈ Iq¿°w hen ASp-°-f-bn-te°v Ae-X√n FØp-∂p-≠mhpw.... AXp tIƒ°p-tºmƒ AdnbmØ Htc-Im-¥X Ahsf h∂p s]mXnbpw..... ]m{Xw Igp-Ip-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ \\-™p-t]mb Ku¨am‰n Imepw apJhpw IgpIn DW-ßm-\mbn A‰w-sI-´n-bn´ apSn kar-≤nsb tImXn-hn-S¿Øn saS-™n´v Unjv hmjns‚ D]-tbm-K-Øm¬ am¿±hw \jvS-s∏´v hn≈ep hogp∂ ssIØ-≠Isf Aev]w kpK-‘-ap≈ GsX-¶nepw {Ioan\m¬ am¿±hw hcpØn CjvS-Km-\-ßtfm CjvS Ihn-X-Itfm \pW™v hmbn®v Dd-ßm≥ Ahƒ°v HØncn CjvS-am-bn-cp∂p. AsXms° ad∂v cmhnse \mep-aWn apX¬ XpS-ßp∂ A≤zm\-Øn¬ cm{Xn 11 aWn hsc Xe-X√n Ign™p... Hcn-°epw \S-°n√ F∂p-d-∏p≈ Imcy-ß-sf-∏‰n F¥n\p Nn¥n®p kabw If-bWw....? AXpw

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

71


GsXm-s°tbm cmk-aq-e-I-߃, PohnXsØ, kz]v\-ßsf, hm°p-Isf ASn®p-]-c-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ... Ah-fn¬ hncn-™p-e-™p-h∂ A£-ch-k¥w hnNm-cn-°mØ XXz-Nn-¥-bm¬ Ccp-f-S¿∂p t]mbn... t_m[w Np‰p-]m-SpIsf \n¿Æ-bn-°p-sa∂v hnhm-l-Øn\v apºp≈ [ym\m-h-ÿ-bn¬ sXfn™p h∂ Nn¥-amdn... Np‰p-]m-Sn\v t_m[sØ \n¿Æ-bn-°m-\m-hp∂p F∂v thZ-\tbmsS Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ XpS-ßn-bn-cn°p∂p. Imc-W-ß-fn-√msX XS-hn-em-°p∂ \nb-a-]m-e-Isc t]mse-bmWv bmYm¿∞y-Øns‚ Nß-e-Iƒ a\pjys\ _‘n-°pI. Hcp t\¿Ø {]`m-XsØ-Øs∂ t\m°pI... a™-e-I-fn¬... tImS-°m-dn¬... ag s]bvXm¬... \nd-™p\n-d™p hcp∂ {]`m-X-Øn-te°v Hgp-Insb-Øp∂ sh¶n-tS-izc kp{]-`mXw... ]≈n aWn-I-fpsS Wmw... Wmw... apg°w... _m¶p-hnfn-bpsS a{¥-[z\n... Ch-bnse√mw Xpco-bhpw Pm{K-Øp-am-hp∂ a\ v. F∂m¬ Np‰p-]mSv t_m[sØ \n¿Æ-bn®p XpS-ßp-tºmƒ CXp am‰p∂ t]cn-√mØ hnIm-c-ß-tfmsS AXm-bXv Bi-¶m-P-\-I-amb `bw, t]Sn Ie-cp∂ kvt\lw, XpS-ßn-b-h-t]mse. sXø-Øn-s‚tbm at‰m ]p\:{]XnjvTbpsS t\m´o-kns‚ Hcp hisØ sh◊-bn¬ Ahƒ Fgp-Xn-sh®p GtXm Hc-\y-Zzo-]nseØnb Pohn-bmWv Rm\n∂v... AXp-I≠v Abmƒ t£m`n®p... \o {]iv\-ßsf hj-fm-°p-I-bmWv... \o t]mkn-‰ohv Bbn Nn¥n-°m-Ø-Xn-\memWv... \o... \o... \o. Ahƒ Xo¿Øpw H‰-s∏´v H‰-bmb Hcp Zzo]n-se-Øn-bXp t]mse BbnØo¿∂p..... XnI®pw kam-¥-c-amb c≠p t\¿tc-JI-fmWv kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\pw. PohnXsØ Hcp IpXn-t®m-´-ambn ]cn-h¿Øn∏n-°p-∂Xpw Cu ]mf-ß-fmWv. cmjv{Sob {]i-kvXn-bn-te°pw, tPmen, Ie, Bflo-b-X, emfnXyw XpS-ßnb {]i-kvXn-I-fn-te°pw hsc CXp sIm≠p sNs∂-Øn-°p-∂p≠v. hnNm-cß-fp-tSbpw hnIm-c-ß-fp-tSbpw arZpehpw t£m`-P-\-I-hp-amb G‰-߃°pw Cd-°-߃°pw CS-bn¬ InX®v InX®v Xotc-≠-h-cm-bn-cn-°p∂p \Ωfpw. Cßs\-sbms° Nn¥ t]mbn F¶nepw Ahsfm∂pw ]d-™n√. ]Icw izk\w t]mepw Akm-≤y-am-Ip-∂-hn[w Hcp KZvKZw Ah-fn¬ Xnßn-\n-d™p. Ahƒ°v Abm-fpsS at\m-hn-Nm-c-ßsf G‰hpw IrXy-ambn hmbn-°m-\-dn-bm-sa-

72

22 am¿®v 2014

∂p-≈-Xn-\m¬ Ah-fpsS a\- ns\ Abm-fn¬ \n∂pw hnS¿Øn am‰n AS-®p-]q´n. Iuamcw buh\w XpS-ßnb {]IrXn \nb-a-߃°v G¬t°-≠n-h-cp∂ {]l-c-ß-fn-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-∂-h-fmbn-cp-∂n´pw Pc-sb∂ A\m-Y-Xz-sØ-∏-‰n-bp≈ `bw {Zwjv{SI-fmgvØn Ah-fn¬ hf¿∂p XpS-ßn-bn-cp∂p. B´n-b-I-‰-s∏-´pthm F∂ `oXn ]nSn-®p-\n¬°m-\mbn sNbvX-sXm-s°bpw hy¿∞hpw A¿∞-c-ln-X-hp-ambn Xocptam F∂ `b-Øns‚ hym]vXn....!! hiyhpw taml-\hp-amb k¶-ev]-߃ sIm≠v Ihn-X-I-sf-gp-Xn-bn-cp∂ Ah-fn¬ ASp-°n-√mØ Nn¥-Iƒ ]pI ]cØn.... Hcp sIm®p ]qhn-t\mSpw ]qºm-‰-tbmSpw kwh-Zn-®n-cp∂ Ahfnse au\w, PohnX {]l-c-ß-fm¬ Nncn-°m≥ ad∂ apJw Abmsf tZjy-s∏-SpØn. kzX-{¥-amb GsXm-c-`n{]m-bhpw Nn¥-I-fpsS ]¶p-sh-bv°-ep-Ifpw ]¶n-Sm≥ XpS-ßp-tºm-tg°pw Abmƒ Ahƒ t]mkn-‰ohv Bbn-cnt°-≠-Xns‚ Bh-iy-I-X-sb-∏‰n Zo¿L-ambn {]kwKn®p. Ahsf ln∏vt\m-ss´kv sNbvXv cl-ky-ß-f-dn-tb≠-Xn-s‚ Bh-iy-I-X-sb-∏‰n Abm-fpsS D≈n¬ hf¿∂p-h-cp∂ kwibw ad-®p-sh®v kwkm-cn-°m≥ XpSßn. F√mw ad∂v H∂m-Im≥ Abm-fn¬ D≠mb ]pXnb am‰-߃ Ah-fnse {KojvasØ acp-`q-an-bm°n. Dd°w Ipd™p Ipd™p h∂ Ah-fn¬ at\m-tem-I߃ ]pg-bn-eqsS bm{X sNøp∂ GtXm bm{Xn-Is‚

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


]m´pw, \nem-hns‚ Nn√-Ifpw cm∏m-Sn-I-fpsS Nnd-ISnbpw tI´v Dd-ßm≥ sImXn®p. Ahƒ Dd-ßm≥ XpS-ßp-tºm-tgbv°pw Abmƒ Dd-°-Øns‚ AXy-Km-[-X-I-fn-te°v FØn-bn-´p-≠mIpw... Bgß-fn¬ \n∂v hen®p Ib-‰p∂ `mc-ta-¥nb sXm´nbnse sh≈w FÆ-bn-√mØ I∏n-bn¬ InS∂p hnkn-e-Sn-°p-∂Xp t]mse Abmfpw Dd-°Øns‚ adp-I-c-Xm≠n. Pohn-XsØ Xnc-am-e-Iƒ \nd™ kap{Zw t]mse-bmWv ssZhw Nne¿°p sImSp-°p-∂Xv. a‰p Nne¿°m-Is´ Hmf-ß-fn-√mØ L\-\o-en-abm¿∂ kz—-X-bmbn... F\n°p PohnXw "Nmhp IS-emWv. GsXm-s°tbm cmk-aq-e-I-ß-fm¬ hnebn®v H∂n-t\bpw ap°n-Øm-gvØmsX sIm≠p t]mIp∂, sImgpØ sNmdn-®n-ep-f-hm-°p∂ Jc PeX... Bfl-Z¿i-\-Xn-I-thmsS Ah-fn-sX-gp-XnbXv Hcp hnhml £W-°-Øns‚ ]pd-ØmWv. Cu hm°p-I-sf-gp-Xn-bXpw Xnßn-hn-ßn-\n-d-bp∂ Hcm-bncw au\w Ahsf ap°n-°-f™p. lrZb-amIs´ HSp-ßmØ kw{¥m-k-ß-fn¬ Ae-X√n FgpØv \n›-e-ambn. Ah-fn¬ Abmƒ°p≈ A[n-Imcw _lp-cq-]nbmbpw sh√p-hn-fn-I-tfbpw FXn-scm-gp-°p-Itfbpw IS∂v hf¿∂p \nd™p. A\ym-[o-\-s∏-´p-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

t]mb Xd-hm-Sns‚ aqe-ÿm-\sØ Xncn®v ]nSn®v ]q¿Δn-I¿°v shfn®w ImWn®v tam£w sImSp-°m-\p≈ ZuXyw Gs‰-SpØv Abmƒ P∑-km-^-eyØns‚ A\¿L `mKy\n-an-j-ß-sf-∏‰n F√m-h-tcmSpw hmNm-e\mbn. Ah-fm-Is´ a‰-`-b-ß-fn-√msX bmYmÿn-I-Xz-Øns‚ Np´p-]-gpØ Ccp-ºpZ-WvUp-I-fn¬ IqSn cm]-I-ep-I-fpsS h¿Øpf tImWn Ib-dn-bn-dßn. h\yhpw \n -lm-b-hp-amb Ah-ÿ-I-sf∏‰n Nn¥n®p sIm≠v Ahƒ bm{¥n-I-hr-ØnI-fn-te¿s∏´p. ImcWw ]d-™-dn-bn-°m-\mImØ \n lmb-Xbpw A\m-Y-Xzhpw `oXnbpw Ccp´p ]c-Øn-Øp-S-ßnb Pohn-XØn\v {]Xo-£-bpsS Hcp Xncn-\mfw Abmƒ \¬In-b-Xm-bn-cp∂p. AXn-\p≈ \μn-bm-bncp∂p C°m-e-a-{Xbpw {]I-Sn-∏n-®Xv. {Kmao-WXsb hoSns‚ Np‰nepw \nd-bp∂ IpS-a-Wnsbm-®-bmbn ]cn-h¿Øn-∏n-®Xv. £oc kar≤n-bmbn \nd-™Xv. Be-bnse ]ip-°fpw ]m¬Ip-Sn®v \nd™v IqØm-Snb I∂p-Ip-´nIfpw Ah-fpsS lrZ-b-Øns‚ \n¿Ω-e-X-bmbn-cp∂p. hoSn\p ap∂nse ImSp-]n-Sn-°mØ ]qt¥m-´hpw \nd-™p-e™p hnS¿∂ hk¥hpw Xma-c-°p-f-Øn¬ apJw t\m°m-s\Øp∂ Infn-Ifpw sXmSn-bnse ]g-߃ Xn∂v \μn-tbmsS ]m´p-]mSn.... P\n®p hf¿∂ kwkvIm-csØ lrZ-b-Øn-\p-≈n¬ AS-®psh®p. inh-cm{Xn t\m‰p..... AjvSan tcmlnWn°v {hX-sa-SpØp sXmgpXpw i\n tZhs\ D]m-kn®p... hnjp-hn\v IWn-sbm-cp-°n-hnfn®pw Rm‰p-]m-´mbn sImbvØp ImeØns‚ K‘w \nd®pw... HmW \nem-hn¬ D{Xm-S-cm-hmbn \nd™pw... Ip™p-ß-tfmsSm∏w ]qhn-dØpw ]q°fw Xo¿Øpw..... hkv{X-ß-fnse hrØnbpw s]¨a-bp-ambn A\y-cn¬ Akqb hf¿Ønbpw.... _p°v sj¬^p-I-fnse {]nb ]pkvX-I-ß-fmbn \nd™pw..... ASp-°-f-bnse `wKnbpw HXp-°hp-ap≈ ]m{X-ß-fmbn Xnf-ßnbpw..... Hcp Xo\mfw t]mepw shdpsX IØn-sb-cnbmØ Icp-X-embn.... {]`mX {]tZm-j-ßsf hnf°p sImfpØn hc-th‰p..... F∂n´pw kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ Zqc-°-Sset∂m... {]mtZ-inI t`Z-߃ hm°n¬ \ndbm-Ø-Xn-\m¬ hn\-b-an-√m-Ø-h-sft∂m, [m¿jvSyhpw Al-¶m-chpw XnI-™-hsft∂m IpSpw_ kan-Xn-Iƒ N¿® sNbvXt∏mƒ ASp-°-f-bn¬ Xq°nb Ie-≠-dns‚ Hm¿an-°-s∏-tS-≠h Fgp-tX≠ `mKØv Ahƒ Fgp-Xn-sh®p..... F\n-°n\n H∂pw Bhm≥ hø. Ft‚Xp am{X-amb H∂n\p th≠n thZ-\n°pI. Fs‚ thZ\ Fs‚ {]m¿∞-\-bmWv. AXp tIƒ°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ \n\-°m-hn√ ssZhta...

22 am¿®v 2014

73


IhnX

kmbv∏-∑m¿ sXfn-°p∂ ssiJp-am-cpsS ]¥-b-°p-Xnc IfpsS "kzlo¬' Ah-cpsS tZl-WvU-Øns‚ InX-∏mWv Iq´tc I¥q-d-bn´ tIm¨{Io‰v ImSp-Isf acp-®p-gen sh´n-\n-c-Øp-Ibpw _pƒtUm-k¿ Z¥-߃ Xd-°√p Iƒ Im¿s∂-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ ImWmw \n߃°v Hc-aqey \n[n-ti-Jcw IS¬ \o¥n Ic Xm≠n IS-∂p-h∂ \·-]m-Z-ß-fpsS Hfn-a-ßmØ Nhn-´-S-bm-f-߃ acp-`q-an°pw acp-°-∏-ep-Iƒ°pw IY-sb-{X-bp≠v ]d-bm≥! kpJ-I-c-am-bn-cn-°n√ F.kn∏m-S-߃°v AXv tI´n-cn-°pI.

sNdn-b-ap≠w A_vZp¿d- mJv

ap≥Km-an-Iƒ Cu

aWn- ku-[-ß-fpsS Npa¿ Aa¿Øn-Øp-S®v aW°q IS¬ hngp-ßnb ap≥ bm{Xn-I-cpsS hnb¿∏v aW°pw. hn√-I-fn¬ Ipdp-Ip∂ sh≈-cn{]m °fpsS DW-°-°mjvTw XncpΩn t\m°n-bn-´pt≠m Dcp-°ƒ acp-`q-an-bn¬ Xp∏nb ap≥bm-{Xn-I-cpsS c‡w Nph°pw. FÆ-∏m-S-ß-fn¬ kZm IØnsb cnbp∂ Bhn-°p-g-e-‰sØ A·n Pzme-Iƒ It≠m IS-en¬ ssaep-Iƒ \o¥n Ic-]-‰nb ap≥Km-an-I-fpsS s\©nse s\Sp-\n-izm-k-ß-fm-WXv. DØpwK an\m-c-߃°pw DƒX-e-ß-fnse sh¬sh‰v hncn-∏p-Iƒ°pw AwK-kv\m-\-°p-g-ep-I-fnse sXfn-\o¿ [mc-Iƒ°pw ]d-bm-\p≈ IYbpw as‰m-∂√.

74

22 am¿®v 2014

Ad-_n-s®-dp-°-∑m-cpsS Gdp-sIm≠v DS-™p-X-I¿∂ IS-bnse ]fp-¶p-`-c-Wn-Ifpw Nn√-e-am-c-Ifpw ]I-c-an-√mØ ASn-tb‰p s]m´n-°o-dnb Np≠p-Ifpw Icp-hm-fn® IhnƒØ-S-ßfpw IY-bnse ]m¿iz-I-Ym-]m-{X-߃ am{Xw. aq¿≤m-hn-\p-t\sc \n∂p-I-Øp∂ kqcy-s\-sIm-™-\wIp Øp∂ tKmX-ºp-]m-S-ßfpw hgn-tbm-c-∏-®-Ifpw C∂ns‚ ]pfIw ]t£ Adn-bptam \n߃°v? Ah-bn-te-°p≈ hgn-Ifpw sh≈hpw G‰p-hm-ßnb C∂-se-I-fpsS \ne-hnfn ap≥Km-an-I-fpsS au\-s\m-º-c-sa∂v Hcp kwkvIm-csØ Poh-c-‡w-sIm≠v Xg-∏n®v B bphXzw Pcm-\-c-Iƒ°p hgn-amdn, H∂pw kz¥-am-°msX hnS-hmßn, HmSp-Iƒ°pw Igp-t°m-ep-Iƒ°pw Iosg hr≤-tI-c-ß-fpsS sNXp-º-ep-Iƒ°p Nmsc ]©-kmc \°n-tØ™ Aÿn-°q-Sp-I-fmbn AIsØ Acn-∏-°p-g¬ XI¿∂v Ad-hp-am-Sp-I-fmbn....

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


kXy-N-{μ≥ s]mbn¬°mhv

A¿∞m-¥-c-߃ I hn-Xbv°v `mKy-hms‚ \nL-≠p-hn¬ Atem-k-c-sa-∂¿∞w GIm-¥-amb \K-c-bm-{X-bn¬ `b-Øns‚ Znim-kq-Nn-sb∂pw \c-t`m-Pn-I-fpsS Im\\w Zp:kz]v\w I≠p-W¿∂-hs‚ {]`m-X-sa∂pw ]dbmw tZmjw ]d-b-cp-Xt√m˛ A\p-k-c-W-bn-√mØ Ip´n-Iƒ \´p-®-Iƒ ad∂v apßmw Ipgn-bn-Sp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v BIm-i-Øn-t\mSv ]nSn-®p-\n¬°p-I-bmWv.

jan-bmkv hf-]-´Ww

kv{Xo ap

Jw Igp-Im≥ c≠p IÆns‚ K¿Ø-Øn¬ Ipd®v D∏p-sh≈w am{Xw Zmlw sImXn®v \mhv˛ hmb-°-IØv Poh-t\msS ]nS™p....! Hcp lrZbw...., c≠v ssIIm-ep-Iƒ...., \o¥n-b-°sc ]nSn-°m≥˛ Ch-sbms° aXn....! F∂mepw, Fs‚ ktlm-Zco, kmaq-ly-]m-T-Øn¬ Rm≥ ]Tn® \m¬]Øn \men¬ Hcp ]pg˛ \obm-bn-cp-∂t√m....?!

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

75


76

22 am¿®v 2014

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


Ip´n-I-fpsS t\mh¬-

3

Um\n-b¬ Uot^m ]p\: A_vZp√ t]cm{º Nn{Xo-I-cWw: kKo¿

as‰mcp Zzo]n-te°v

H

cp cm{Xn apgp-h≥ B Zzo]n¬ \n∂pw c£-s∏-Sm-\p≈ hgn-I-sf°p-dn®v Rm≥ Nn¥n-°m≥ XpSßn. F\n°v kz¥-ambn Hcp t_m´v D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬, as‰mcp Zzo]nte°v IS¬hgn c£-s∏-Sm-am-bncp∂p. Hcp-]t£, at‰-sX-¶nepw Zzo]n¬ a\p-jys‚ km∂n-[y-ap-≠msb-¶ntem? Aß-s\-sbmcp km[yX X≈n-°-f-bm≥ Ign-bn√t√m! am{X-hp-a√ AhnsS \n∂v Cw•-≠n-te°v h√ bm{Xm-°-∏epw e`n-°p-I-bp-amImw. AXn-\m¬ F\n-s°mcp t_m´ns‚ Bhiyw h∂n-cn-°p∂p. As√-¶n¬ Fß-s\-sb-¶nepw Hcp ]pØ≥t_m´v \n¿ant® aXn-bmhq. AXn-s\-°p-dn-®mbn Fs‚ ]n∂sØ Nn¥. C¥y-°m-cpsS t_m´v \n¿am-WsØ-°p-dn®v Rm≥ tI´n-cp∂p. Aß-s\-sbm-sc-Æ-amWv Fs‚ a\ n-en-t∏m-gp-≈Xv. Zzo]nse hensbmcp acw Rm≥ tXmWn \n¿am-WØn-\mbn I≠p-sh-®n-cp∂p. IpSnen¬ \n∂pw agp-hp-ambn h∂v

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

Rm\Xv apdn-°m≥ XpSßn. Gsd t\csØ ITn\ {ia-Øn-s\m-Sphn¬ acw Hc-e¿®-tbmsS \news]mØn. AXns‚ Nn√-I-sf√mw sh´n hrØn-bm-°n-b-Xn\p tijw Rm≥ tXmWn \n¿am-W-Øn-\m-hiy-amb `mKw apdn-s®-SpØp. Ccp]Xv Znh-k-ß-fmWv F\n-°-Xn\v th≠n-h-∂Xv. B Iq‰≥ acsØ Hcp tXmWnbm°n cq]m-¥-c-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ F\n°v aq∂p amkw th≠n-h∂p. HSp-hn-e-Xns‚ an\p-°p-]-Wn-I-ƒ°mbn ]nt∂bpw aq∂v amk-ß-sfSpØp. Ah-km-\sØ tPmensb√mw Ign-™-t∏mƒ tXmWnbpsS ]q¿Æ-cq-]-ambn. F\n°v \√ Xr]vXn-bmbn. Fs‚ km[-\ß-sf√mw HXp-°n-sh-®mepw tXmWn-bn¬ CSw _m°n-bmWv. ]t£, {]iv\w Ahn-sSbpw \n∂n√. C\n B Iq‰≥ tXmWn IS-en-en-d-t°-≠-Xp≠v. Fs∂s°m≠v X\n®v AXn\p Ign-bn-s√∂p-d-∏m-bn-cp∂p. A{X-bv°p≠t√m AXns‚ `mcw˛ Zzo]n¬ Fs∂ klm-bn-°m-\mbn Hcp ]q®-t]m-ep-an√! C\n-sb¥p sNøp-sa∂ B[n-

bn¬ Rm\msI Ipgßn. bmsXmcp hgnbpw ImWmsX Rm≥ Zzo]n-emsI Hcp shcp-In-s\t]mse HmSn-\-S∂p. F{X BtemNn-®n´pw tXmWn IS-en-te°v Cd°m-\p≈ Hcp hgn F\n°v Is≠Øm-\m-bn√. A∂p cm{Xn Dd-°-an-√msX IpSn-en¬ InS-°p-tºmƒ Btcm D]-tZ-in-®-Xp-t]mse Hcm-ibw Fs‚ Xe-bn¬ an∂n. ""tXmWn IS-en-te°v Cd-°m≥ Ign-™ns√-¶n¬, tXmWn \n¬°p-∂n-StØ°v IS¬ sIm≠p-h-cnI'' B Bibw, Fs‚ a\- n¬ Ipfn¿ag tImcn-bn´p. im¥-amb a\-t msS Rm\p-dßn. ]nt‰∂v ]pe¿s® Xs∂ Rm≥ Fgp-t∂‰p. {]mX¬ Ign-®-Xn-\ptijw tXmWn \n¬°p-∂nSw apX¬ Bg-Øn-ep≈ Hcp tXmSv \n¿an-°m≥ XpSßn. AXn\v amk߃ Xs∂ th≠n-h-cp-sa∂v F\n°v Adn-bm-am-bn-cp∂p. \qtdmfw t]¿ Hcp-an®v tN¿∂v sNtø≠ sXmgn-em-WXv. hf-sc-b[nIw a\p-jym-[zm\w th≠n-hcp∂ Hcp {]hrØn. F¶nepw F\n-°Xv hgntb Dt]-£n®v IS-

22 am¿®v 2014

77


∂p-I-f-bm≥ Ign-bn√. ImcWw Fß-s\-sb-¶nepw as‰mcp Zzo]n¬ F\n°v FØn-t®-tc-≠Xp≠v. At∂°v \mep h¿jw Fs‚ Zzo]v hmk-Øn\v ]q¿Ø-nbm-bncp∂p. Fs‚ DSp-∏p-I-sf√mw Iodn°-gn-™n-cp∂p. \s√mcp sXm∏n t]mepw F\n-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. sIm√-߃°v apºv Hcp apbens‚ sXmen-sIm≠v Rm\p-≠m°nb sXm∏n \ndw-sI´v XpS-ßnbn-cp∂p. sNΩ-cn-bm-Sns‚ sXmenbn¬ \n∂pw Hcp tPmSn Pm°‰v Rm≥ \n¿an-®n-cp∂p. AXn\v Imcy-amb tIsSm∂pw kw`-hn-®n´n√. Fs‚ ]mZ-c-£-Ifpw Ac-∏´bpw XpI¬sIm-≠p-X-s∂bmWv. C∂v Fs∂ ImWp-tºmƒ s]s´∂v Bcpw Xncn-®-dn-s™-∂ph-cn√. A{X°v Rm≥ amdn-t∏m-bncn-°p∂p. Hcp Ip´-\n-dsb F\n°v th≠ km[-\-߃ Rm≥ \nd®p. Fs‚ Npa-en¬ H∂n-tesd tXm°p-Iƒ Xqßn-°n-S∂p. kqcys‚ {]Im-ita‰v Fs‚ apJw hnh¿Æ-ambn. Xe-bpsS Ccp-h-i-ß-fn-te°pw apSn hf¿∂p Xqßn-°n-S-∂n-cp∂p. HSp-hn¬ Rms\s‚ tPmen ]q¿Øn-bm°n. IS-en¬ \n∂pw sh≈w tXm´n-eqsS tXmWn°v kao-]-tØ°v Cc-®p-I-bdn. tXmWn-bn-te°v Rm≥ NmSn-°bdn.

\c-t`m-Pn-I-fpsS Zzo]v ]pXnb Zzo]n¬ FØn-s∏-´Xns‚ BZy Znhkw. D®-bmbn ImWpw. F¶nepw shbn-en\v Imcy-amb I\-an√. Rm≥ _o®neqsS {]Ir-Xn-Zr-iy-߃ I≠v Aßs\ \S-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. At∏m-gmWv hnNn-{X-amb Hcp ImgvN Fs‚ IÆn¬s∏-´Xv. aWen¬ Hcp a\p-jys‚ Ime-Sn-∏m-SpIƒ! F\n-°p-≠mb A¬`p-XØn\v AXn-cp-I-fn√. kt¥m-jØm¬ Rm≥ Xp≈n-®m-Sn-t∏mbn. s]s´∂p Xs∂ AIm-c-W-amb Hcp `bw Fs∂ ]nSn-IqSn. Rm≥ Hcp ]I-t∏msS Np‰nepw t\m°m≥ XpSßn. ]t£ F\n°m-scbpw ImWm≥ Ign-™n√! ]n∂oSv Hcp a\p-jy-i_vZw FhnsS \ns∂-¶nepw hcp∂pt≠m F∂-dn-bm≥ Rm≥ sNhn h´w ]nSn®p. F\n°v

78

22 am¿®v 2014

bmsXmcp H®bpw tIƒ°m≥ Ign™n√. _o®n-eqsS H∂p c≠v h´w Rm≥ Xmtg°pw apI-fn-te°pw \S∂p t\m°n. Ahn-sS-sbm∂pw as‰mcp Im¬∏m-Sp-Ifpw I≠n√. Cu ImWp-∂Xv kXy-amtWm? Rm≥ kzbw tNmZn-°m≥ XpSßn. Fß-s\-bmhpw CØ-c-samcp a\pjy Ime-Sn-∏m-Sp-Iƒ Cu Zzo]n¬ h∂Xv? \qdp-I-W-°n\v tNmZy-߃ Fs‚ a\- n¬ cq]s∏-Sm≥ XpSßn. kXy-Øn¬ Fs‚ a\- ns\ t]Sn {Kkn-®p-Xp-S-ßn-bn-cp∂p. A[nI t\cw AhnsS Np‰n-\-S°msX thK-Øn¬ Rm≥ Xma-kÿ-e-tØ°v aSßn. Ipsd \mfpIƒ ]pd-tØ-°n-d-ßn-b-tX-bn√. as‰mcp \mƒ Rm≥ ho≠pw IS∏p-d-sØØn. B Ime-Sn-Iƒ F\n°v hy‡-ambn ]cn-tim-[nt°-≠-Xp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Fs‚ Ime-Sn-tb-°mƒ hep-Xm-bn-cp∂p AXv. Bg-Øn¬ ]Xn-™p-In-S-°p∂Xv. Icp-Ø-\mb Hcp a\p-jy-t‚-Xmh-W-a-sX∂v Rm≥ \ncq-]n®p. Hcp]t£ a\pjy Xo\n-I-fp-tS-XpamImw. H‰-s∏´ Nne Zzo]p-I-fn¬ hkn-°p∂ \c-t`m-Pn-I-sf-°p-dn®v Rm≥ tI´n-cp∂p. A∂p-Xs∂ Rms\s‚ Xma-kÿew IqSp-X¬ `{Z-am°n. Np‰p-a-dIƒ ac-Ø-Sn-IƒsIm≠v _‘n®p. s]s´-∂-sXm∂pw Hcmƒ°v AXn{I-an®v D≈n¬ IS-°m-\m-hm-ØhÆw Dd-∏p-≈-Xm°n. tijw Np‰pa-d-bn¬ Ggv Zzmc-߃ \n¿an®p. Fs‚ ssIhiw Ggv tXm°p-Iƒ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-ht√m. B{I-anIƒs°-Xnsc \nd Hgn-°m≥ ]mIØn¬ Ahsb k÷-am°n. c≠v an\n-‰p-\p-≈n¬ F√mw Ah-km-\n°p∂ cq]-Øn-ep≈ {Iao-I-c-Wß-fmWv Rms\-Sp-ØXv. F∂n´pw AIm-c-W-amb Hcp `bw Fs∂ Nqgv∂p-\n∂p. F\n°v H´pw kpc-£n-XXzw tXm∂n-bn√. Hfn-°m≥ ]‰nb kpc-£n-X-amb Hcp CSw F\n°v Is≠-tØ-≠Xm-bn-´p-s≠∂v tXm∂n. Aß-s\bp≈ At\z-j-W-Øn-emWv Hcp Ip∂ns‚ apI-fn-embn Hcp Kpl Rm≥ I≠Xv. Np‰nepw ]md-IfmWv. i{Xp-°-fn¬ \n∂pw Hfn-®ncn-°m≥ ]‰nb ÿe-amWv AsX∂v F\n°v t_m[y-ambn. A©v tXm°p-Ifpw, shSn-a-cp∂pw

Rm\-hnsS Icp-Xn-sh®p. cm{Xn-bn¬ shfn®w sXfn-bn®p. Ccp-´n¬ ]Xp-ßn-h-cp-∂-hsc Xncn-®dn-bm-\m-bn-cp∂p AXv. F√m Znhkhpw H∂n-tesd XhW Rm≥ B Kpl-bn-seØpw. ]md-bpsS D®nbn¬ Ib-dn-\n-∂m¬ Np‰p-h-´Øv kw`-hn-°p-∂-sX√mw ImWmw. B t\m´w IS¬hsc \o≠p-sN√pw. Nne-t∏mƒ \c-t`m-Pn-Iƒ a\p-jysc ]nSn-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂v Np´p-Xn-∂mdp≠v. AØcw kw`-h-ß-tfbpw \ntj-[n-°m-\m-hn√. Ip∂n¬ \n∂m¬ AsXms° ImWm-\m-hpat√m. i{Xp-°-fpsS IÆn¬ \n∂v ad-™p-\n¬°p-I-bp-amhmw! hk-¥-Im-e-ambn. Rm≥ \´p-hf¿Ønb tKmXºv sNSn-Iƒ ]q¿Æ hf¿®-sb-Øn-bn-cp∂p. Ah sImbvsX-SpØv sdm´n°v ]mI-am-°nsb-Sp-°Ww. Aßs\ ]nSn-∏Xv tPmen-Iƒ ap∂n¬ InS-°p∂p. kqcy≥ DZn-®p-b-cpw-apºv B {]h¿Øn-Iƒ sNbvXm¬ _m°n-kabw \nco-£-W-Øn-\mbn D]-tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øm-sa∂v Rm≥ Xocp-am-\n®p. Hcp-\mƒ {]`m-X-Ir-Xy-ßfpw {]mXepw Ign-®-Xn\p tijw Rm≥ Ip∂ns‚ apI-fn¬ Ibdn \n∂v ]Xnhp-t]mse \nco-£n-°p-I-bm-bncp∂p. At∏m-gmWv Fs∂ sR´n-®psIm≠v B ImgvN ZrjvSn-bn¬s]-Sp∂Xv. H≥]-tXmfw \c-t`m-Pn-Iƒ Hcp Xo°p-WvT-Øn\p Np‰pw Ccn°p∂p. Xo Bfn-∏-S-cp-∂p≠v. Xobn¬ \n∂pw I\Ø ]pI BImi-tØm-f-ap-b-cp∂p. NqSv Ime-am-b-Xn-\m¬, Ah¿ Hcn°epw Xo Imbp-I-bn-s√∂v Rm≥ Dd-∏n®p. Xo¿®-bmbpw Ah-sct¥m Np´v Xn∂p-I-bmWv. AsX-¥mhpw? a\p-jyscb-√msX as‰m-∂p-am-hn√. Rm≥ Dd-∏n®p. \c-t`m-Pn-Iƒ°v a\p-jy-amw-k-tØ-°mƒ {]nb-ambn as‰-¥p≠v? h¿≤n® `b-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv Rm≥ B ImgvN I≠p-\n-∂Xv. `£Wm-\-¥cw Ah¿ \rØw sNøm≥ Bcw-`n®p. Xo°p Np‰nepw [rXnbn¬ h´-wNp-‰n-bp≈ B`mk \rØ߃. Ah-cpsS ssIIƒ hmbp-hnte°v Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-®n-cp∂p. Ah¿°v DSp-h-kv{X-ß-sfm-∂p-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂n√; ]q¿Æ \·¿. HSp-hn-e-h¿ \rØ-a-h-km-\n-∏n®v B¿Øp Nncn-°m≥ XpSßn. ]ns∂ IS-en¬ \n¿Øn-bn-´n-cp∂ Nßm-SØn-te°v NmSn-°-bdn. IS¬ apdn®v Ftßm-t´t°m Dƒh-en™p. Iptd-

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

79


t\cw Ah¿ t]mb Zn°n-te°v Rm≥ t\m°n. Ahy-‡-amb Hcp \ng-embn Ah¿ ad™p. F\n-°msX BÀmZw tXm∂n. Hcm-]-Øn¬ \n∂pw c£-s∏-´n-cn-°pI-bmWv. \c-t`m-Pn-I-fpsS ZrjvSnbn¬s∏-´m¬ ]ns∂ PohnXw _m°n In´n-s√∂v F\n-°-dn-bm-ambn-cp∂p. Rm≥ kmh-[m\w Ip∂n-dßn.

80

22 am¿®v 2014

\c-t`m-Pn-I-fn--cp∂ ÿe-sØØn. Ah¿ XoIq-´nb ÿew At∏mgpw sI´-S-ßn-bn-cp-∂n√. Xobpw ]pIbpw At∏mgpw Db¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cp∂p. Xo°pWvU-Øn-\-cnsI [mcmfw a\pjy Xe-tbm-´n-Ifpw F√n≥ Ij-W-ßfpw I≠p. Np‰nepw a\pjy-cpsS ssIIfpw Imep-Ifpw NnXdn-°n-S-°p-∂p≠v. F\n-°-sX√mw I≠v Hm°m\w h∂p.

Rm≥ thK-Øn¬ IpSn-en-te°v Xncn-®p-t]mbn. B ImgvN Iptd-°mew Fs∂ ]n≥Xp-S¿∂p. Ah¿ ]nt∂bpw hcnI-bm-sW-¶n¬ tXms°-SpØv shSnbp-Xn¿°m-\p≈ ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Rm≥ Bkq-{XWw sNbvXp. ]t£, Iptd Ime-tØ°v Ah¿ hcn-I-bp-≠m-bn√. (Xp-S-cpw)

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v


sse{_dn AΩ-sØm-´n¬

C∂sØ AXnYn AXo-Xi - ‡n

kn. cm[m-Ir-jvW≥ Un.kn _pIvkv, tIm´bw

sI.]n \n¿Ω¬Ip-am¿

hne: 90 cq] Icp-W-bpsS ImXepw amdnb Im-e-Øns‚ thhp-I-fp-w Dƒs°m-≈p∂ IY-Iƒ. kn.-cm[m-Ir-jvWs‚ G‰hpw ]pXnb IY-mkamlm-cw. Ih¿: t_mWn sk_m-Ãy≥

Un.kn _pIvkv, tIm´bw

C¥y≥ kn\n-a-bpsS 100 h¿j-߃

C¥y≥ \mtSm-Sn-°-Y-Iƒ

hne: 110 cq] alm-`m-c-X-I-Ysb thdn´ ImgvN∏m-Sn¬ Na¬°m-c-c-ln-X-amb hn\n-a-b-`m-j-bn-eqsS Ah-X-cn-∏n°p∂ t\mh¬. Ih¿: kp[ojv tImt´{ºw

hnP-bI - r-jW v ≥ F≥.Fw \ºq-Xncn Nn¥ ]ªn-tj-gvkv, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw amXr-`qan _pIvkv, tImgn-t°mSv

hne: 195 cq] C¥y≥ kn\n-a-bpsS Ncn-{Xhpw ]n∂n´ \mgn-I-°-√p-Ifpw tcJs∏Sp-Øp∂ B[n-Im-cnI {KŸw. Ih¿: anUmkv

hne: 110 cq] _wKm-fn, \mKm, emlp-fn, ]©m-_n, eUm-°n, t\^m F∂o `mj-I-fnse Hcp Iq´w \mtSm-Sn-°-Y-I-fpsS ]cn-`m-j. Ih¿: a≥kq¿ sNdq∏

cmthm¿Ω

agsb Cß-s\bpw hmbn°mw

Znhm-Ic - ≥ hnjvWp-aw-Kew

]n.sI ]md-°S- hv

Un.kn _pIvkv, tIm´bw hN\w _p-Ivkv, tImgn-t°mSv

hne: 75 cq] \m´p-a-Æns‚ \o‰¬ Dƒs°m≈p∂ Fgp-]-tXmfw Ihn-X-Iƒ. Ih¿: sPbnwkv sk_m-Ãy≥

hne: 60 cq] agsb-°p-dn®v Fgp-Xnb GXm\pw an\n°Y-I-fpsS kam-lmcw Ih¿: {]tPjv sk≥

Fkv. ktcmPw

]pXnb ]mTy-]≤ - Xn amXm-]n-Xm-°f- psS ]¶v

Id‚ v _pIvkv, Xriq¿

apc-fo-[-c≥ ap√-a‰w

hne: 110 cq] _m_p Ipgn-a-‰-Øns‚ IY-IfpsSbpw Pohn-X-Øn-s‚bpw hmb-\m\p`hw. Ih¿: cmtKjv. Pn

hN\w _p-Ivkv, tImgn-t°mSv

£p`n-X- Im-eØ - ns‚ kphn-tj-I≥

hne: 120 cq] a°sf \√-h-cm-°m≥ B{K-ln°p∂ c£n-Xm-°ƒ°v Hcp ssI∏p-kvX-Iw. Ih¿: F‚¿ aoUnb

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

22 am¿®v 2014

81


Fs‚

5

kz]v \ - ß ƒ

BgvN-∏-Xn∏v

ko‰v Hgn™p InS-∂m¬ kzImcy hml-\-߃°v ]ng ]n.]n cma-N-{μ≥ `q an, BImiw, sh≈w, shfn®w Chbv ° p kzImcykzØpSamhImiw D≠mhn√. Ct∏mƒ hmbp Fßs\tbm Aßs\Øs∂ aÆpw. B[mcw, cPnkv{Sm∏okv XpSßnbh th≠. sh≈w In´p∂ {]tZißfn¬ P\hmkØn\pw Irjn°pw ap≥Iq´n \n›bn® ÿeßfp≠mhpw. hn Zym¿∞nIfpsS ]T\w AXncmhnse XpSßn D®°v Ahkm\n°pw. D®°ptijw HmtcmcpØcpw Ahch¿°p \n›bn® IrjnbnSßfnte°v As√¶n¬ ]WnbnSßfnte°v t]mIp∂p. tPmenbmWv Ip´nIfpsS ^okv. cm PyØn\v Bhiyap≈ samØw Du¿Phpw kqcy{]ImiØn¬\nt∂m Xncamebn¬\nt∂m kr„n°pw. s]t{Smƒ, Uok¬ ]ºpIfn¬ ip≤Pew In´pw. kzImcyhml\ßfn¬ ko‰v Hgn™pInS∂m¬ ]ng CuSm°pw. tIm ¨{Io‰n\p ]Icw Dd∏p≈Xpw btY„w cq]t`Zw hcpØmhp∂Xpw Zo¿LImew \n¬°p∂Xpw F∂m¬ aÆn¬ ebn®pt]mIp∂Xpamb ]pXnsbmcp hkvXp I≠p]nSn°pw. `mhnbnse sI´nSßfpw ]meßfpw a‰pw AXpsIm≠mWv ]WnbpI. kz]v-\߃ thtdbpaps≠¶nepw XXvImew ta¬∏d™ \mepw bmYm¿∞yambn°mWpI F∂XmWv A©masØ kz]v\w.

Printed and Published by P.K.K Bava for The Muslim Printing and Publishing Co. Ltd., Kozhikode at Chandrika Press, Y.M.C.A. Road, Kozhikode - 673 001. Editor: C.P. Saidalavi. (Editor Responsible for selection of contents under PRB Act)



2014 march 22