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Nov-Dec, 2019 Vol. 9 No. 01

Cable and Wire Fair 2019: An Accurate Window on the Wire and Cable Industry....8



Processing Line for Tarapur Plant ...............76 Enhance Consumer Connect ......................76 Tips and Dies ............................................78 Invest in Reliance's Tower Assets...............78 Connect India, Singapore and Myanmar .....80 friendly and VGP Compliant Wire Rope Build Lubricant ..........................................80 by 2020 ....................................................81

08 Cable and Wire Fair 2019: An Accurate Window on the Wire and Cable Industry

Huawei to Start 5G Network Project ...........82 Crore Fund to Pay Dues to Vendors ............82 National Broadband Mission ......................83 New Plant for Indian Subsidiary .................83 Communication Module Factory in India.....84 Project to Be Completed By 2020...............84

52 Innovation Pavilion at Cable & Wire Fair 2019: Innovation Matters

56 Cable & Wire Fair 2019 Exhibitor’s Testimonials



to Have Capital Outlay of INR 2 Trillion .........85 5.8 Percent in FY 2019-20: CEA.................85 Global Population in 6 Years.......................86 AGR Burden Planning on Joint Forum.........86 Firms For 4G Gear .....................................87 National Broadband Plan............................87 Transmission Corridor Project ....................88 Underground Laying of Cables ...................88

60 A Thriving Market for Automotive Wiring

for Telecom Broadband Development .........89

HD Wires: All Set for Further Expansion

ELECRAMA 2020: Looking at the World of Power and Electricity

Link for Red Eléctrica De España................89 Power Distribution .....................................90


• Lubrizol Expands Halogen-free Flameretardant ESTANE® ZHF TPU Portfolio .....68

Ensure Power Pacts are Honored ...............90 State-Owned Power Distribution Firms .......91

• Rosendahl's Polypropylene-Based Insulation Technology for MV Cables........70

• InteliSENS® Non-Contact Laser Doppler 68 Integrated Yarn Tension Control for Consistent Production Results

Speed and Length Measuring Technology for Wire and Cable Industry......................74


Import Rule ...............................................91 for Supply of Inter-Array Cables for Empire Wind Project ..................................92 Wind Farm Grid Connections in UK ............92

Nov-Dec, 2019


Cable and Wire Fair 2019: An Accurate Window on the Wire and Cable Industry Organized by Tulip 3P Media Private Limited at Pragati Maidan during November 6 to November 8, 2019, Cable & Wire Fair 2019 gave players from various segments of the wire and cable industry a golden opportunity to network and to exhibit their products. Many participants and exhibitors at the fair found the event useful also because it helped them in gaining knowledge from the viewpoints and experiences of others. The event saw both local and foreign participation.

Lighting of the Lamp by the dignitaries.



n the first day of the exhibition, Vijay Karia, Chairman and Managing D i r e c t o r, R av i n G r o u p o f Companies, opened the morning session and set the tone for the proceedings. He said, “We look forward to this exhibition growing to new heights and encompassing new boundaries. I am happy to know that this exhibition includes an innovation pavilion. I find this idea very exciting. As you know, innovation plays an important role in the wire and cable industry. Unfortunately, innovation in the industry has kind of stagnated or stopped. Competition and extreme price pressure are the main reasons behind the stoppage of innovation. The time has come for the industry to look into how it can reignite the passion for innovation. The growth of infrastructure, industry and demand for electricity has heightened the need for innovation. Innovation is the need of the hour. “I also want to highlight another important issue. Electricity today, especially in the distribution and internal supply segments, has become rather unsafe. The internal supply segment includes buildings, factories, metros and airports. Around 90 percent of fire-related accidents are caused by electricity. India loses around 63 lives, which includes 13 women, a day because of electricity-related fires. India loses 24,000 lives every year

Nov-Dec, 2019


Innovation plays an important role in the wire and cable industry. Unfortunately, innovation in the industry has kind of stagnated or stopped. Competition and extreme price pressure are the main reasons behind the stoppage of innovation. – Vijay Karia

Vijay Karia, Chairman and Managing Director, Ravin Group of Companies

because of electricity-related fires; in Russia, around 3,000 lives are lost every year. The difference is huge. The lives lost in the US are in a few 100s whereas the lives lost in India run into thousands. The industry needs to address this issue as soon as possible. Electricity should be humankind's best friend, not its worst enemy. It always surprises me when I see the sign, “In Case of Fire Do Not Use Elevators.” If you don't use electricity to go down, then electricity becomes your worst enemy, because you have used it to go up but you can't use it to go down. With the growing number of high-rise buildings, the industry must address

this issue as soon as possible. I feel good when I talk to suppliers of raw materials about compounds, fire-retardant tapes, etc., and they tell me that a lot of R&D is being carried out and positive developments are taking place in this area. This development should be speeded up. We must set aside a substantial amount of money for this purpose. Also, there should be greater collaboration between manufacturers of wires and cables and suppliers of raw materials. Saving human lives should be the main objective of this collaboration. “The demand for electricity has stagnated in the country in the last few months. Economists tell us that the economy is slowing down. My


reading is that this is a worldwide phenomenon. We are seeing this recession across the world and we are going to face this problem perhaps for the next 15 to 18 months. But after this period, the global economic situation should improve. Trade wars are slowly diminishing in meaningful ways, and this development is good for the world economy. When I go across the world and I look at India, I find that the stature of India is continuously growing. Recently, India has gone up substantially in the ease-of-doing business ranking; it has jumped another 13 places. Over the past two decades, India has moved steadily and convincingly towards being the flavor of the world. More and more countries are welcoming Indian products and taking an interest in making investments in India. We also see quite a few Indian CEOs managing companies across the world. On the flipside, a lot of cable and wire companies in India have gone down. Many of them closed down in the last ten years or so. This has happened mainly because of stagnation and absence of proper innovation and new management strategies. Not many new products were launched in the

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recent past. Companies did not build up brands strong enough to take on the best in the world. “With India looking for investments and pushing growth, we will see many changes taking place in the industry. I see a lot of specialized products coming into the country. 'Horses for courses' is going to be the way the industry will have to function. There will be a demand for specialized cables for sectors such as oil and gas, mining, metros, solar sites and buildings. We have been a bit slow in implementing the national code, but we are on the right path now. We will see companies focusing on the safety aspect and the use of the correct kind of materials. Currently, the emphasis is on price. For instance, the Middle East, which had a lot of money and used copper cables, has now transitioned to aluminum cables and that shows its concern about costs. The need of the hour is to make the products innovative, increase voltages and make cables and wires safer for people to use.

“All in all, in the next six months or so – once we overcome the banking crisis and the finance-related problems that the industry is currently facing – the industry will see exciting times ahead for cables and wires. Let's look forward to seeing governmental spending, the spending that the government has promised. Let's look forward to witnessing infrastructural growth. It has already started taking place. Let's also look forward to seeing new product development, innovations and technologies in the near future. But, most importantly, we need to have lot more collaboration among ourselves so that our products meet the expectations of our customers. What really matters to the customer is the value of our products, not their price.” Speaking on the occasion, Suranjan Gupta, Executive Director, EEPC India, said, “The wire and cable industry is an important segment of India's engineering industry. India's engineering trade and exports are


undergoing a huge transformation. A series of bilateral and multilateral issues has been implicating India's engineering trade, especially engineering exports. The wire and cable industry is also getting impacted, especially the steel wire and cable segment, given the huge business opportunity there is in the country, with the stress given by the government on infrastructure as well as the development of the renewable energy sector where a whole lot of products

Suranjan Gupta, Executive Director, EEPC India

Nov-Dec, 2019


We have been telling the government that the RCEP agreement, if we at all get into it, should be on our terms. There were a lot of industries, the wire and cable industry as well, who gave a lot of input which we conveyed to the government and as of now the government has not been part of the 16-member RCEP negotiation but that does not mean that it is completely out. – Suranjan Gupta

of this industry will have a substantial opportunity. Looking at the overall climate in India with respect to the trade policy, India has lost the case in the dispute settlement body in the WTO with regard to a whole lot of benefits. We in India don't call it subsidy – the chapter 3 benefits, the usual MEIS. And there are other schemes such as EPCG, the SEZ, and so on. Some of these impact the steel wire sector. There are problems of pricing with it, especially steel wires and cables. Now the government will probably go to the appellate body soon, and that is where it is likely to get stuck for some time because the appellate body will have just one m e m b e r b y D e c e m b e r. S o t h e government still has time. In the meantime, the gover nment has announced a new scheme called ROTEP, and for that we are already sending the formats. The government has now come up with a format for which we require data. The exporters who are members of our council need to fill the data and give us whatever help that is required. These are going to be verifiable data. So I want to take this oppor tunity to encourage domestic manufacturers in particular to give the data. If they need any help regarding this, they can contact me.

“Also, there has been an inversion of duty because of various free-trade agreements. The international prices of steel is generally lower than the domestic steel price and that has been a recurring problem for the steel and wire industry as well; and within the ambit of the WTO rules, we are also looking at a mechanism where it is possible for the steel majors – the steel companies – to sell the raw material at international prices or export parity price to domestic manufacturers. I hope that will enhance the competitiveness of production and exports of out steel and wire industries.

something that we can actually see from the trade data. Look at any sector, and you will find that the balance of trade is always in deficit. That is why we have to rely so much on capital account transaction, and hence there is a huge opportunity, given the stress on infrastructure and the focus of the government on enhancing the share of our manufacturing industry from 16 percent of the GDP to 25 percent in the next 5 to 6 years. There is going to be a lot of public investment. There is a huge scope for the cable and wire industry, the renewable sector, and so on.”

“Recently, there was a worry over India getting into the RCEP agreement, and that is where EEPC has been playing a very active role. We have been telling the government that the RCEP agreement, if we at all get into it, should be on our terms. There were a lot of industries, the wire and cable industry as well, who gave a lot of input which we conveyed to the government and as of now the government has not been p a r t o f t h e 1 6 - m e m b e r RC E P negotiation but that does not mean that it is completely out. If the other 15 countries recognize the non-tariff barriers that Indian exports face and if they do, especially in the cable industry and especially when these things relate to project exports, there is a whole range of issues that will impact our exports to some of the RCEP countries from which we import a lot. That is where there is going to be a huge transformation in terms of our domestic manufacturing landscape. Some time back, the finance minister also announced the huge revision in corporate taxes, which makes India one of the best direct tax regimes. If you look at the 2015 World Bank Report, you will see that in terms of trade openness index, India is much better than both the United States and China. That is

Speaking on the topic “Middle East Market Outlook: Challenges and Opportunities”, Andrew Shaw, C E O, D u b a i C a b l e C o m p a n y (DUCAB), said, “When we look at the trends in the Middle East cable industry, we see slower growth, increased market barriers, particularly in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and the growing importance of regulation and the opportunity that the regulation gives us as an industry to improve our lot in terms of quality and safety. In the GCC, it is all about the price of oil, and the term “lower for longer” was first coined when the price of oil first dropped. This term is now accepted as the truth. Oil prices are going to stick around the $60 mark – that seems to be accepted – and in


Andrew Shaw, CEO, Dubai Cable Company (DUCAB)

Nov-Dec, 2019


There is an ever increasing barrier in GCC. When I came to the region 12 years ago, the GCC was on the way to becoming a common market where trade was encouraged within the region. There were no barriers. UAE products were welcomed in Saudi Arabia as equal to Saudi Arabian products. That is no longer the case. – Andrew Shaw

the GCC that means that national budgets have now been set assuming that oil price. What that means is that development – infrastructure spending – has decreased. The GCC average GDP growth for 2019 is only 2 percent. Gone are the heady days of 6, 7, and even 8 percent of GDP growth which we had in 2005, 2006 and 2007, which incidentally, promoted the growth of the cable industry in the GCC. Saudi Arabia is at 16 percent for this year along with the average for the whole of Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Egypt is at 5.6 percent. Since the revaluation of the currency and the infusion of money from the Gulf, Egypt has had a fantastic run, and it has been run for

the economy and the cable industry. But for the rest in the GCC, the industry had to get used to the fact of life that we cannot expect GDP growth to increase in any great way. This now the new norm and we better get used to it. “So, lower economic growth means lower project awards. In the GCC, with one or two exceptions, the number of contracts awarded is going down. The only good news is the growth of awards in Saudi Arabia. Finally, after three years of relatively low project awards, things have begun to pick up and money has begun to flow in Saudi Arabia. This is good news for the rest of us in the region in that the Saudi capacity has been hungry and looking for a home and now, hopefully, that capacity will go back to Saudi Arabia, taking the pressure off the margins in the rest of the region. We really do need that money to start spending. “There has been very little growth – single digit, 1 or 2 percent volume growth – in the cable industr y production and the GCC and in the demand. With GDP of only 2 percent, we cannot expect much more in either cable or wire production. They are still important to the region of product

that is not yet made in the volume, particularly EHV – although that now has changed – some overhead line and some specialty cables. We estimate there is about a million tonnes conductor capacity in the GCC and the current demand is about 650 tonnes. So there is a huge overhang of capacity in the GCC which is helping to keep margins down and financial results pall. This is the two extremes: On one the one hand, you have the fantastic results from the Egyptian industry on the back of the strong economic growth and on the other, you have the sad story of Saudi cables, which has been struggling with no cash for the last 10 years, probably more. In the middle, you have the current level of performance of coated companies in the Gulf of may be 3 or 4 percent operating profit levels and an unacceptable return on capital employed. But that is a consequence of over capacity. It is a consequence of low market growth. And it does not help with all that background that the market barriers are increasing. It is understandable but it is not helpful. Of late, every Arab GCC government has been focused on producing or providing more jobs for its youth within the country, which of course mean a focus on industrialization and employment opportunities in the country. If you couple that with recognition that the oil economies must diversify, become more industrial, then there is a strong focus on promoting local industrialization and then protecting it. “There is an ever increasing barrier in GCC. When I came to the region 12 years ago, the GCC was on the way to becoming a common market where trade was encouraged within the region. There were no barriers. UAE products were welcomed in Saudi Arabia as equal to Saudi Arabian products. That is no longer the case. The majority have now placed trade barriers. Let us call them in-country or


Nov-Dec, 2019


in-kingdom value. Regional intertrade has become increasingly difficult. For DUCAB, which is a large company in a relatively small country, this is quite a problem. We are built as a regional supplier, not a national supplier. For us and others like us, this fragmentation of what should be a regional market poses quite a problem. “Finally, let us look at what's happening with regulation. I see this as a bright spot. This is an opportunity for us in the cable industry, be it in India or UAE or the Gulf, to really improve our lot. We have seen the trend in the last five years for growing regulation – a growing focus on safety, on the quality of cables and on the quality of appliances. So, in the UAE, for example, we have a government agency, ESMA, a standardization m e t r o l o g y b o dy, t h a t c e r t if ie s appliances. They are inspecting appliances on the market; they are forcing recalls of unsafe equipment; and they have now said they will start inspecting cables. We are working with them and the Dubai customs to stop fake cables or substandard cables coming into the country. So, with more regulations, comes more compliance, with compliance comes more consequences. We will be getting to see that in the UAE, Saudi, and Qatar. For the responsible members of the industry, this can only be good use. “It is good business to focus on innovation, on bringing new fire-safe products to the market. But it is also a moral obligation, and it is also essential in terms of our reputation in the industr y and reputation as companies. None of us wants our names associated with fire-related accidents and loss of lives. So, it is an opportunity for collaboration in this industry; and as an industry, we need to focus on and encourage regulation and develop ourselves to enhance fire-

safety products, helping our installers to install them safely and working with the authorities to enforce regulations to keep the bad actors out.” Sharing his perspective on the industry, Chief Guest Suresh Prabhu, Prime Minister's Sherpa to G7 and G20, said, “You all represent an industry without which nothing much can happen in modern life. We need cables and wires to conduct most of our activities. In the absence of wires and cables, we cannot speak to one another like the way we are speaking here. The wire and cable industry is therefore a very important part of the industrial landscape. Wires and cables are used in many industries. Telecommunication, aviation, and energy power are just a few examples.

As more and more technology will come, we will need more and more cables and wires. So, the wire and cable industry will keep on growing. It surely has a bright future. – Suresh Prabhu

“The wire and cable industry is growing in different directions. Sometimes we do not realize the importance of wires and cables – and that is because we usually attach impor tance to things when we actually see them. But many a time the most important things are not directly visible. For instance, you cannot use a computer unless there is a processor inside, but you cannot see the processor. Wires and cables are more effective when they are not directly visible. As more and more technology will come, we will need more and more cables and wires. So, the wire and cable industry will keep on growing. It surely has a bright future. “When I was power minister, around


Chief Guest Suresh Prabhu, Prime Minister’s Sherpa to G7 and G20

18 years ago, I called the Central Electricity Authority and asked them what standards they had for various electricity-related areas – transformers, wires, cables, etc. I was told that they did not have any specific standards. So, I initiated a process for ensuring that we had minimum standards and that the industry met those standards. Standards are important. If we have them, some of the small operators would automatically go and development would take place. “Many industries have stepped up R&D activities, and new technologies are being employed. The scope for the growth of the wire and cable industry is therefore broadening rapidly. Despite the fact that India is facing an economic slowdown, it will definitely be a 5 trillion dollar economy soon. It is only a matter of time. I guess by 2035 India would certainly be a 10 trillion dollar economy. This means that India would have plenty of opportunities to offer. “But new technologies will not sound the death knell for manufacturing. The share of manufacturing in the economy may go down but manufacturing will not disappear. Some amount of manufacturing is required even for a new technology like the blockchain. Now, blockchain is an interesting technology wherein

Nov-Dec, 2019

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different blocks, which actually do not communicate with one another, can communicate with one another through this technology. Blockchain is data which is coming out of some transaction, and the manifestation of economic activity translates into data creation. But even that economic activity, to be carried out, needs some manufacturing. So, manufacturing is going to happen despite the fact that services will grow and new technology will be employed. “India has a great opportunity to approach the rest of the world and make itself a base for economic activities. Also, Indian companies must not consider only India as a market; they must also look at the global market. Those companies that are pursuing this policy will have much more success than inward-looking companies. China is a classic case, because China created capacities not only for its domestic market but also for the global market. As a result, domestic prices went down and the Chinese economy became more competitive. Unless you become competitive, you cannot export anything. We need to keep this fact in mind. The products we export will have to be competitive in terms of price, quality and technology. To make that happen, we have to be aware of different mindsets. The Indian wire and cable industry has the potential to be a global industry. I am sure some of you are already aware of it. And I am glad that this vision of yours will hopefully propel India into the '10 trillion dollar economy' dream soon.” Speaking on the occasion, Dilip Dev, Chairman and Managing Director, HD Wires Private Limited, said, “In today's society, wire and cable are the fundamental, integrated elements for all fields – even for the railways, metros, housing, infra, power, etc. They are the requirement of the day. A

Dilip Dev, Chairman and Managing Director, HD Wires Private Limited

Wire and cable are the fundamental, integrated elements for all fields – even for the railways, metros, housing, infra, power, etc. They are the requirement of the day. – Dilip Dev

lot of growth was expected to take place in the industry last year. Currently, there is disparity in different states in GST and procurement/availability of raw materials. We are into cable armoring. We make clad cables armors and round cable armors. Quite a few other products also figure in our product portfolio. We are expecting to be very good in the near future.” Delivering the vote of thanks, Priyank Jain, CEO, Tulip 3P Media Private Limited, said, “It's my privilege to propose a vote of thanks on this special occasion – Cable & Wire Fair 2019, 3rd international exhibition and conference for the wire and cable

I cannot thank everyone enough for their involvement and their willingness to take on the completion of tasks beyond their comfort zones and making this fair a successful event. – Priyank Jain


industry. On behalf of Tulip 3P Media Private Limited and the entire supporting team and crew, I extend a hearty vote of thanks to all the speakers, in advance, for presenting their important work and sharing their findings and opinions with us. I am very grateful to all our title partner, RR Kabel; our principal partners, Assomac Group, KLJ Group and Parovi Machines; our co partners, Sampsistemi and Sant Engineering; our associate partners – Eurolls Group and CGN Dasheng; energy partners, Borealis and Borouge; our compounding partner, Alphagary; our badge partner, Niknam; and supporting associations, Steel wire Manufacturers Association of India, Fasteners Association of India and Wire Association International – India Chapter. “I would also like to express my sincere thanks to our media partner, Wire & Cable India, and our other media supporters for their excellent coverage of the show. I cannot thank everyone enough for their involvement and their willingness to take on the completion of tasks beyond their comfort zones and making this fair a successful event.”

November 6, 2019 – Cable Conclave: Session 1 Speaking on the topic “Prysmian Innovation and Smart Solutions Along with the Outlook on Global Wire and Cable Market vis-à-vis India”, Benoit Lecuyer, CEO, Prysmian India, said, “Prysmian Group has made a significant step in advancing cable technology to enable more efficient, reliable and ecofriendly power transmission over long distances. The Group has developed and tested its new P-Laser cable system for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) applications. P-Laser is the first 100 percent recyclable eco-

Nov-Dec, 2019


performance composite material based on high modulus synthetic fibers. This innovative product featuring a synthetic armor is 40 percent lighter and enables ultra-deep installations reaching up to 3000 meters. “To execute these ultra-deep installations, advanced cable laying vessels are required. Prysmian already has specialized cable-laying vessels in operation (Giulio Ver ne, Cable Enterprise and Ulisse). The group now has a fourth vessel called Leonardo da Vinci which will reinforce the fleet by Q2 2021.

Benoit Lecuyer, CEO, Prysmian India

friendly high-performance cable technology, utilizing a 'zero-gas' process which reduces CO2 emissions by (up to) 30 percent. P-Laser is fully compatible with existing HVDC cables and accessories and has over 30,000 km manufacturing experience in other types of power cable networks. The P-Laser qualified cable system employs a material developed by Prysmian called High Performance Thermoplastic Elastomer (HPTE) with characteristics such as increased thermal performance, higher intrinsic reliability and greater productivity, making it the best solution for HVDC transmission lines at the highest voltage levels.

“A key feature of this new insulation technology is that, compared to XLPE, it does not require a chemical reaction during manufacturing to achieve the material properties required for the long-term electrical integrity of HVDC insulation systems. This feature gives the additional benefit of a shorter production time and results in reduced energy consumption and lower greenhouse gas emissions. P-Laser technology is fully compatible with existing cable and accessory technologies and provides a better electrical performance and higher reliability than conventional XLPE-insulated cables. “India, which has an installed onshore wind capacity of about 35GW, has been working on executing the idea of building offshore wind farms to expand its wind energy portfolio. According to the government's National Offshore Wind Energy Policy, Gujarat's coastline has the potential to generate around 106GW of offshore wind energy. The implementation of this policy will create a huge demand for submarine cables. Taking note of this policy, Prysmian has developed non-metallic armored cables, whose armor has been designed with a high-


India, which has an installed onshore wind capacity of about 35GW, has been working on executing the idea of building offshore wind farms to expand its wind energy portfolio. – Benoit Lecuyer

“In addition, Prysmian has developed a complete portfolio of superior nuclear cables for systems and components involved in the production of nuclear energy, including, medium-voltage, instrumentation, control, communication, fiber optic and cables for special radiationmonitoring equipment. In addition, Prysmian has developed special cables for cranes and materialhandling equipment. Prysmian has also come up with Alesea, an IoT solution that provides virtual assistance for cable drum management. Another innovation developed by Prysmian Electronics is PRY-CAM, which offers a revolutionary technology for partial discharge measurement. The acronym CAM does not only identify the Camera but also stands for Condition Assessment and Asset Management.

Nov-Dec, 2019


Sandeep Aggarwal, Managing Director, Paramount Communications Limited

Speaking on the topic titled “Current Scenario of the Telecom and Railways Sectors in India and What Are the Basic Growth Drivers? Key Issues and Challenges and What Are the Industry Expectations from the Government?” Sandeep Aggarwal, Managing Director, Paramount Communications Limited, said, “Cables play a vital role in the telecom and railway sectors. USD 58 billion was invested in the railway sector during 2013 to 2017. This investment is slated to go up to USD 124 billion during 2018 to 2022. The railway sector has gone for lease financing of its rolling stock assets, which allows it to secure Rs. 25,000 crores every year on a very nominal rate of interest.

It is not just the railway sector that needs investment. The telecom industry requires investments worth USD 100 billion in the next 4 to 5 years to make 4G available to 99 percent of the Indian population. – Sandeep Aggarwal

“Even after increasing it capacity by around 50 percent in the last two to three years, the Indian railway cable manufacturing sector has not been able to meet the growing demand for cables. India requires an investment worth around Rs. 50 lakh crore in the

railway sector by 2030. But the government is currently spending 1.25 lakh crore. We therefore need to increase investment in the railway sector at the rate of at least 20-25 percent to meet the growing requirements of the Indian railways. The government has the funds to invest in the projects; however, it is the industry that needs to be prepared for it. The problem here is not with the manufacturers or Engineering, Procurement, Construction (EPC) players. There are people who can manufacture the goods, set up the infrastructure and deliver the products, but the problem is securing the funds. The industry today is not getting funds from the banks. The banks have been squeezing the industry for credit. Since many EPC players have failed in the past, the banks today are really not ready to fund them adequately. “It is not just the railway sector that needs investment. The telecom industry requires investments worth USD 100 billion in the next 4 to 5 years to make 4G available to 99 percent of the Indian population. The challenge here is investment in the production of optical fiber cables. As part of the rollout, India is aiming to increase its fiber backbone to 2 billion kilometers in the next five years, so that its fiber optic density is on a par with that of China. China's current installed fiber optic capacity is eight times that of India's total capacity. However, India has a huge capacity to manufacture optical fiber cables. But again funding is the main issue. India needs to invest heavily in optical fiber cables. It needs to put in about 10 lakh kilometers of cables every year. The truth is that we have installed not more than 3 lakh kilometers of cables in 1 year.” R. Sridharan, CEO, Birla Cable Limited, spoke on the topic “Key D r i ve r s t o b e C o n s i d e r e d f o r Investment and Expansion to go on to


R. Sridharan, CEO, Birla Cable Limited

Industries like aerospace, civil aviation, e-commerce, power transmission, infrastructure, railways, oil and gas, telecom, and metros are some of the key growth drivers for the cable industry. – R. Sridharan

the Next Level and What Strategies to Opt for Sustainable Development for Cable Companies”. While addressing the gathering, he said, “Industries like aerospace, civil aviation, e-commerce, power transmission, infrastructure, railways, oil and gas, telecom, and metros are some of the key growth drivers for the cable industry. Around INR 83,000 crores has been allocated to the road sector and around INR 19,000 crores to the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana for rural road development. The government plans to build 19.5 million homes during the FY 2019 to FY 2022. Around 15.4 million houses have been constructed in the past five years. The government has also allocated INR 68,000 crores to the railways, with special focus on the Private and Public Players (PPP) model in railway and metro-rail infrastructures. Also, an amount of INR 75,000 crores has been allocated to PM Kisan Samman Nidhi, which would help in establishing around 10,000 farmer-producer groups with focus on improving agricultural

Nov-Dec, 2019


productivity. This initiative would propel demand for optical fiber cables to initiate the Internet and digital services in the agricultural sector. MGNREGA, which is the largest work guarantee programme in the world, has been allocated INR 60,000 crores to push skill development and jobs in various sectors, including the wire and cable industry. As these investments will take place in the coming five years, we are expecting the industry to grow at an impressive rate. “The Government of India has initiated the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana to push the development of industrial corridors and dedicated freight corridors. Such projects would require thousands of kilometers of optical fiber cables, power cables and transmission lines.

Under the Bharatmala Project, construction or upgradation of about 35,000 kilometers of national highways is to be undertaken by 2022. In addition, under the Sagarmala Project, a network of roads is being constructed in coastal areas and areas adjoining ports. Along with the highways, the government is also working extensively in areas such as the railways, airways and inland waterways. Under the Ude Desh ka Aam Naagrik (UDAN) scheme, air connectivity to smaller towns is being expanded rapidly. The Jal Marg Vikas project for capacity augmentation of navigation on national waterways is aimed at smoothening internal trade carried through inland water transport. These initiatives will improve logistics tremendously, and would require installation of different forms

of cables for power transmission, Internet connectivity, etc. “Moreover, four times increase in next four years estimated in the cargo volume on Ganga (Inland Waterways) and an investment of INR 50 lakh crores in railway infrastructure during 2018 to 2030 are sure to push the demand for wires and cables in the coming years. The restructuring of national highway programme to ensure setting up national highway grid and ''One Nation, One Grid, Power to All'' initiative along with Ujjwala Yojana and Saubhagya Yojana are giving a huge push to the investment for the wire and cable industry. The expected 5G rollout and increasing number of Internet subscribers would give a huge push to the installation of optical fiber cables across the country.”

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basket and better arrangements for sourcing and logistics. Companies also need to focus on their techno commercial team and high service levels to ensure good reputation and productive business relations with clients.

November 6, 2019 – Cable Conclave: Session 2 At the conclave, Balachandran Dharman, Director, RR Global Limited, spoke about the key aspects of becoming a global player in the cable sector. He made a reference to the significance of the global market and his company's belief in achieving set targets to become a global player. He said that technology is no longer a differentiator. However, it does give organizations a platform to start on.

Avinash Khemka, Chief Manager, International Copper Association India, spoke about the outlook on the copper industr y in relation to demand, supply and market opportunities. He said, “According to International Monetary Fund's (IMF) World Economic Outlook July 2019, India continues to be the world's fastest-growing economy, expected to expand at the rate of 7 percent in the fiscal year 2018-2019 and 7.2 percent in 2019-2020. China is expected to grow by 6.2 percent and 6 percent during the same period. He pointed out that companies must focus on creating the right systems, adopting global standards and practices, ensuring clear competitive advantages and scaling up all the facets of the company. He said, “These four cornerstones are fairly relevant to all products and services. Companies must also focus on meeting the client's needs in terms of shorter lead times, extended credit, price and superior service levels.”

Companies must focus on creating the right systems, adopting global standards and practices, ensuring clear competitive advantages and scaling up all the facets of the company. – Balachandran Dharman

Balachandran Dharman, Director, RR Global Limited

He also emphasized on the factors that should be kept in mind while developing a company's manufacturing plan. If the product range is wide, then companies should plan for lean and modular manufacturing. The companies would also require minimum downtime for an extended product


Avinash Khemka, Chief Manager, nternational Copper Association India

“The government is planning to make India a USD 5 trillion economy by 2025. It is focusing on boosting the manufacturing sector for the same. Policies like 'Make in India' and 'Ease of Doing Business' and investment in infrastructural development aim at putting India on the path to achieving this target. From the point of view of metal intensity, India is still in the initial phase of growth. India's metal intensity is much smaller for copper, aluminum and steel. In the Indian sub-continent, in 2018, the demand

Nov-Dec, 2019


India is the second fastest growing individual market for copper with a growth rate of 5.3 percent in the last decade (behind China with 7.8 percent). India's copper share in cables is 8.4 percent as against 50.6 percent of the global average. – Avinash Khemka

for copper was 1,309 KT of which India's demand was 1,065 KT. In the past 12 years, India's demand for copper grew by 4.7 percent, which is second only to China's growth of 6.9 percent during the same period. Even though, in terms of population, China and India are of the same size (18.8 percent is China's share in world population; 17.7 percent is the share of India), the per capita use of copper is very low in India (0.76 kg/person) as compared to China (9.5 kg/person). “If we break down the use of copper based on its end-use application, the electrical sector contributes 52 percent to the total demand. That is followed by transpor tation (10 percent), consumer durables and general engineering. Wires and cables accounted for 48 percent of the total demand for electrical products in FY18. India is the second fastest growing individual market for copper with a growth rate of 5.3 percent in the last decade (behind China with 7.8 percent). India's copper share in cables is 8.4 percent as against 50.6 percent of the global average. However, the growing demand from the power sector with the government laying thrust on renewable energy and increasing demand from the households for consumer durables will add to the demand for copper in India. Manufacturers of hybrid and electric

cars will also push the consumption of copper, as electric vehicles use four times more copper than traditional internal combustion engines.” Speaking on the occasion, Pramod Srivastava, ED, Optical Fiber & Cable Business, Aksh Optifibre Limited, said, “India has more than 1 billion active mobile users, of which half a billion users have access to data connectivity. Almost 100 million kilometers of optical fiber has been installed in the country compared to over a billion kilometers of fiber laid in China and close to half a billion kilometers of fiber installed underground in the USA. India has more than 5,000 telecom towers, of which 20 percent are connected with optical fiber. In China, 80 percent of telecom towers are connected with optical fiber.

Pramod Srivastava, ED, Optical Fiber & Cable Business, Aksh Optifibre Limited

“There has been a significant reduction in investment by the major telecom operators in India. The falling Average Revenue Per User (ARPU), increasing debt, delay in 5G technology and significantly high spectrum cost are major obstacles to i nv e s t m e n t m a d e b y t e l e c o m operators. The other major factors affecting investments in the telecom s e c t o r a r e s l ow g ove r n m e n t a l investment and delayed national


There has been a significant reduction in investment by the major telecom operators in India. The falling Average Revenue Per User (ARPU), increasing debt, delay in 5G technology and significantly high spectrum cost are major obstacles to investment made by telecom operators. – Pramod Srivastava broadband project – BharatNet and Smart City projects. Also, there has been significant consolidation in the telecom industry with reduction in the number of private telecom operators – from 12 to 3. “India still has a significantly high potential for fiber penetration. Estimates suggest that 12 to 15 billion new devices need to be connected in the next three years globally. The Government of India needs to make investments in the telecom sector, especially in its flagship BharatNet project. The rollout of Bharatnet Phase 2 needs to take priority, and Phase 3 needs to be started with StateCenter collaboration to bring data connectivity on deployment. The Right of Way (RoW) approval needs to be simplified to use land for laying optical fiber cables. Also, a separate city optical fiber network should be a mandatory requirement for smart city rollouts. Private telecom operators need to start making investments in building an OFC network. If the telecom sector wants to invest in the OFC, it needs to address the liquidity issue on priority, cost of RoW needs to be looked into for significant reduction, and speed-up tower fiberzation and FTTx build-out needs to be simplified with several innovative and cost-effective solutions for faster deployment.”

Nov-Dec, 2019


with high pressure LDPE reactor based on LD5 in Sweden, rated at 350kt/annum. “Borouge & Borealis has invested more than USD 1 billion in Abu Dhabi and Sweden for research and development purposes. As a result, the company came up with an industry leading Low Scorch technology platform that forms the backbone of XLPE products. Also, a state-ofthe-art high pressure LDPE technology was deployed at both sites to deliver Borlink™ XLPE solutions to the industry.

November 6, 2019 – Technical Session 1 Speaking on the topic “Solutions for Insulation and Sheathing for Submarine and Compact Land Cables”, Tapas Dey, Technical Service Manager, Borouge, said, “HVDC submarine and underground cables have been in huge demand in China, but the market is still catching up in India. Borouge & Borealis has been supplying high-voltage and medium-voltage compound for the last 45 years; and for more than 15 years, it has been in the business of HVDC compounds.

“Borealis developed its first HV and MV XLPE compound in 1970. After several innovations and product inclusions, the company, through its inhouse innovation center, developed Supercure Next Gen XLPE compound in 2000. Moving forward, in 2010, the company added a new high-pressure reactor in Sweden and commissioned an HP LDPE & XLPE Plant in Ruwais, Abu Dhabi, in 2016. From 2018 onwards, the company started its commercial production for both HV XLPE LS4201H and LV VISICO LE4423 compounds in Ruwais. “Borouge has the same compounding plant in Ruwais as Borealis in Sweden. It includes dedicated W&C HP PE & XLPE manufacturing plants

The submarine cable should be manufactured under strict quality standards. The quality of submarine cable is the ultimate requirement because if there is any fault in the subsea cable, the replacement cost is huge.

Tapas Dey, Technical Service Manager, Borouge

– Tapas Dey


“The submarine cable should be manufactured under strict quality standards. The quality of submarine cable is the ultimate requirement because if there is any fault in the subsea cable, the replacement cost is huge. It is required for the manufacturers to make sure that high quality material is used with clean insulation and smooth semicons. There should be no methane left, and the by-product should be removed. Another requirement for submarine cable is the longer length. The longer the cable is, the fewer joints are required, hence r e d u c i n g t h e r i s k o f f a i l u r e. BorlinkTM Supercure LS4201 compound addresses all the aforementioned requirements for submarine cable. The BorlinkTM Supercure LS4201 compound cable is known for longer running time (up to 50 percent longer) with fewer joints. It has shorter degassing time, up to 30 percent shorter. “Compact cables lead to reduced trench width with lower overall construction costs. The design of the compact cable dissipates the heat generated on load more effectively. The compact land cables have longer drums lengths, reduced number of joint bays and accessories contributing significantly to reduced system costs.

Nov-Dec, 2019


“Some of the advantages of compact cable design to the value chain are reduction of raw materials for cable insulation and protection, ease of cable installation (smaller trenches, advantage in urban environments), and maximizing transportation length of cables to allow reduction of cable drums and cable joints. “Cable jacket is an essential component of power cable systems. It has a significant impact potential on the total cost of cable systems. A limited number of compounding material is being mixed in polyethylene but the number of compounding material increases when mixed in PVC. “PE gives excellent mechanical and chemical protection. It is best-known for surface hardness, better abrasion resistance, moisture barrier, cold temperature endurance, excellent ESCR and weather resistance, good chemical resistance and better heat deformation allowing cables to operate in elevated temperatures. PE is an environmental-friendly material and does not include halogen, plasticizer, and metal stabilizers like lead and cadmium. The use of LS4201 compounding material when mixed with PE leads to reduction of installation costs, increased reliability and lifetime of cable systems, and minimized risks of environmental impact.” Sushil Kumar Rajan, Technology Director, Fluor & Compounds, Alphagary, spoke on the topic “Solutions to Fire Protection Standards in the Global Wire and Cable Industry”. He said, “The company re-organized itself from Mexichem to Orbia. The polymer solutions are served by Vestolite, which is a global brand in PVC, and Alphagary, which is a specialty compound wing. Alphagary is part of Orbi. Low Smoke halogen-free wire was pioneered by Alphagary.

17048–2018 for Halogen Free Flame Retardant Cables (HFFR) for working voltages up to and including 1100V.

Sushil Kumar Rajan, Technology Director, Fluor & Compounds, Alphagary

The fire performance of cables is classified based on a number of criteria that includes flame spread, heat release rate, total heat release, smoke production rate, total smoke production, fire growth rate index, flaming droplets or particles and acidity of gases evolved. – Sushil Kumar Rajan

“Standards for flame retardancy and fire resistance in cables are being adopted the world over in a slow but steady manner. IEC60332-1 defines the test method for defining the flame propagation characteristics of a single wire or cable. IEC60332-3C describes the test method establishing fire propagation of bunched cables or bunched single wires. “The UL standards are universal in USA and are used for Construction Material Plenum rating, which is the most severe and stringent test requirement of fire performance testing. Plenum-rated cables meet the NFPA 262 FT6 standards. “The CM and CMG general purpose cables undergo vertical flame test to meet UL 1581 standards. The CMX restricted cables are tested under vertical wire flame test to meet UL1581 Limited-use standard. There IS


“Let us now look at the IEC60331 Fire Resistance Test. The temperature on the cable is between 750℃ and 800℃. After 3 hours, the fire and the power is switched off. Twelve hours later, the cable sample is re-energized and must maintain its circuit integrity. BS 6387 Fire Resistance Test, which is more stringent than IEC 60331, specifies the performance requirements for cables required to maintain circuit integrity under fire conditions. “The terminology commonly used in the cable industry includes terms such as Flame Retardant, Low Smoke, Low smoke Zero Halogen, Low Smoke Fume (LSF) and Fire Resistant Cables, which are commonly known as Fire Survival Cables. Fire retardant cables are designed for use in fire situations where the spread of flames along a cable route needs to be retarded. Fire resistant cables are designed to maintain circuit integrity of those vital emergency services during the fire. The low halogen content and low corrosivity of Low Smoke Fume (LSF) cables lies somewhat in between that of fireretardant cables and LSZH cables. The LSF cables are usually manufactured from flame retardant PVC blended with HCL additive and smoke absorbent. The Low Smoke & Halogen Free & Fire Retardant (LSZH) cables are not only characterized by fire retardant performance but also by the halogen-free properties, thus offering low corrosivity and toxicity. During a fire, the LSZH cables will emit less smoke and acid gases which may affect human health and damage expensive communication equipment. While several tests are available to test the compound, it must be noted that all tests have to be passed by the finished cable and not by the compound only. Some of the tests

Nov-Dec, 2019


Karan Shah, Director-Marketing & Business Development, Lifeline Technologies

are simple enough to be conducted in an experimental laboratory, and some of the large scale fire tests and smoke tests are so difficult to organize that they can be exasperating and require a lot of sustained efforts. “The fire performance of cables is classified based on a number of criteria that includes flame spread, heat release rate, total heat release, smoke production rate, total smoke production, fire growth rate index, flaming droplets or particles and acidity of gases evolved. “Alphagary has a range of customer solutions that include LSHF (Low Smoke Halogen Free) compounds, Flame Retardant PVC, Low Smoke Plenum, Thermoplastic Elastomer, Polyvinyl Chloride, Thermoplastic Elastomer Vulcanizate, Thermoplastic Elastomer Urethane, Thermoplastic Elastomer Olefin, Chlorinated Polyethylene and Flame Retardant Polypropylene compounds. All these compounds are categorized by brand names like MEGOLON, SMOKEGUARD, EVOPRENE, G A R AT H A N E , G A R A F L E X , ALPHASEAL and MICRAFLO. The company also offer lead free calcium zinc stabilizer under the brand name VINASTAB apart from a variety of plasticizers and color concentrates.

“The company also provides solutions for power and energy cable sector. There is a general purpose compound with high processing speeds with Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI) of 34 percent. The company has offerings for data and telecom cables that include thermoplastic, halogen free, fire retardant compound and S-rated compounds that are suitable for jacketing and sheathing. There are compounds that are used in microducts and tight buffer. The specialty compounds include radiation and oil resistant grades. There are compounds suited for E-beam cross-linking. There are stress crack resistance compounds that are known for excellent ESCR performance and suitable for harsh environments.” Karan Shah, Director-Marketing & Business Development, Lifeline Technologies, spoke about the solutions developed for the wire and cable industry. He said, “Apart from fire hazards that affect wires and cables, which in turn cause damages to property and lives, there are external factors like rodents and termites that affect wires and cables. “Around 40 percent of all mammal species are rodents and are characterized by two continuously growing incisors which must be kept short by


gnawing. The plasticizers and aromatic odors, bright colors and texture of polymer products attract rodents. The damages caused in energy cables, data cables and automotive cables lead to short circuit, fire and loss of property and life. “There are two solutions to keep wires and cables safe – one is using the toxic chemicals to eliminate the rodents and the other is use of non-toxic solutions. Keeping the latter in mind, Lifeline Technologies has developed ecologically safe and non-toxic products to protect wires and cables from rodents. “The principle of formation covers repelling ingredients effective at very low concentration and controlled release rates of actives, which ensures long life for cables. Lifeline Technologies has developed additives that are encapsulated into micro porous polymer and controlled release mechanism of additives to provide long life for cables. There is a dual mechanism of action – one is odor emitting chemicals that keeps the rodents away from the cables and other is obnoxious organoleptic influence, which is very strong with spicy taste. If the rodents cannot be repelled by the odor, they can be repelled by the taste. The solution from Lifeline Technologies is based on a combination of odoriferous and organoleptic repelling additives. It has low leachability and low controlled

Nov-Dec, 2019


There are two solutions to keep wires and cables safe – one is using the toxic chemicals to eliminate the rodents and the other is use of non-toxic solutions. Keeping the latter in mind, Lifeline Technologies has developed ecologically safe and non-toxic products to protect wires and cables from rodents. – Karan Shah

evaporation rate of chemicals. It is effective at a very low level depending on thickness and sheathing. The additives are compatible with a variety of polymers and do not cause any change in the physical, chemical or mechanical properties of the polymers. The product is approved by the accredited third party lab and has been developed keeping in mind RoHScompliant and toxicity data. “There are two test methods devised by third party labs to ascertain the specialty additives work – choice test and no choice test. In the choice test, the rodents are kept in a cage for 30 days with food and water along with cable samples manufactured using anti-rodent master batch. The rodents are observed for the gnawing factor, which is the amount of time the rodent actually chews on to the cable. This helps the lab in analyzing whether the cable is rodent resistant or repellent or not. In the no choice test, the rodents are kept in a cage with no food along with cable samples manufactured using anti-rodent master batch for 7 days. Only water is provided after four days. The gnawing factors on the cable determine the effectiveness of the additives.

attacking polymers. Then there is a squirrel-repellent additive developed for aerial cables. There are also combination batches that combine different additives like rodentrepellent, termite-repellent and UV additives into a single combi batch.” Spe a king o n the to pic “ C o l o r Masterbach for Cables and PVC”, Manuel Miret, Area Manager and New Product Developer, DeltaTecnic, said, “Delta-Tecnic is a leading masterbatch producer with its Deltacolor Masterbatch division focused on the cable industry worldwide. The major industrial sub-sector includes automotive, telecom, energy, data, building wire and industrial and special cables. “The masterbatch offered by DeltaTecnic is known for excellent dispersion of pigments and can be produced using the same masterbatch base polymer as used in the cable. The company ensures the right selection of pigments to avoid affecting the dielectric properties of the cable guaranteeing the lightfastness of the color of the cables. The masterbatch are REACH- and RoHS-compliant. The masterbatch is produced using different polymers like PVC, PBT, PE, XLPE, TPR, TPU, etc. “The company offers PVC masterbatch, XLPE Masterbatch Ambient Curing,

Manuel Miret, Area Manager and New Product Developer, Delta-Tecnic

The masterbatch offered by Delta-Tecnic is known for excellent dispersion of pigments and can be produced using the same masterbatch base polymer as used in the cable. – Manuel Miret

EVA/PE Masterbatch and XLPE & PVC Masterbatch for energy cables. The optical fiber cables segment includes PBT Masterbatch, TPE-E M a s t e r b a t c h , P E / E VA / P V C Masterbatch (Jacketing/outdoor). Colors and additives are also developed for copper data cables. The colors and additives for automotive cables include PVC Masterbatch and EVA/PE & XLPE Masterbatch.”

“The company also offers termiterepellent additives. The additives are based on micro-porous polymer base filled with mixture of odor emitting chemicals and very bitter compounds. It dissuades ant and termites from


Nov-Dec, 2019


Dilip Dev, CMD, H.D. Wires Private Limited, and Chairman, SWMAI

November 7, 2019 – Wire Conclave 1

Nirmal Singh, Director, Assomac Machines Ltd.

The wire and cable industry must collaboratively work to root out the inefficiencies that had been hindering the growth of the industry. – Nirmal Singh While addressing the gathering as moderator for Wire Conclave 1, Nirmal Singh, Director, Assomac Machines Limited, shared his views on the wire industry, current state of the economy and future business ecosystem for the country. He emphasized on the use of new technologies and innovations in the wire industry to meet the set milestones of achieving

300 million tonnes per annum of production capacity by 2030. He also said that the wire and cable industry must collaboratively work to root out the inefficiencies that had been hindering the growth of the industry. At the conclave, Dilip Dev, CMD, H.D. Wires Private Limited, and Chairman, SWMAI, said, “The worldwide consumption of steel wire has increased, but the consumption of steel wire in India has decreased. The demand for steel wires has decreased. Around nine months ago, there was a shortage of raw materials in the country. Today, there is no dearth of raw materials. It is the demand for steel wires that has taken a hit. The steel wire market has become more or less customer-centric, where customers are making purchases on their terms. The question is for how long will the steel wire industry expediently accept businesses that are lower than what is desirable? “The lack of availability of skilled workers in India also poses a challenge. The industry needs to organize training programmes from time to time to meet the requirements for skilled workers. Another challenge for the industry is taxation. GST does not cover most of the things that should have been


The steel wire market has become more or less customercentric, where customers are making purchases on their terms. The question is for how long will the steel wire industry expediently accept businesses that are lower than what is desirable? – Dillip Dev

included. The tax imposed on the steel wire industry should be curbed.” While delivering his speech at the conclave, Dheeraj Dev, Director, H.D. Wires Private Limited, shared his views on the Indian economy and India's economic slowdown. He said, “At 51.3 percent, China is the world's largest producer of steel. With a total contribution of 5.9 percent, India has overtaken Japan to become the second largest producer of steel with 130 million tonnes per annum. Production of steel has kept pace with its global use. India has been a selfconsuming economy, and the target of 300 million tonnes per annum by 2030–31 is quite achievable. However, liquidity poses a big challenge to the steel wire industry. The banking sector has put everything on the back foot. “In addition, the Indian steel industry is characterized by fragmentation, particularly in the downstream segment, with a large number of

Nov-Dec, 2019


Dheeraj Dev, Director, H.D. Wires Private Ltd.

India has been a selfconsuming economy, and the target of 300 million tonnes per annum by 2030-31 is quite achievable. However, liquidity poses a big challenge to the steel wire industry. The banking sector has put everything on the back foot. – Dheeraj Dev

unorganized players. As reported by CRISIL, more than 50 percent of steel wire companies are unorganized. These companies are a threat to the existence of the organized steel wire industry. Pricing is another factor that has affected the steel wire industry. The interest cost for industries in India is the highest in the world, which is not sustainable. Also, government policies are not pro-employer; they benefit the employees more.” Speaking on the occasion, Siddharth Ag rawal, Director, Systematic Industries Limited, and Member, Executive Committee, SWMAI, said, “Is the wire industry changing with the same speed as the other industries across the world? What has been the rate of innovation in the wire industry in the last five years? Has the industry come up with new innovative ways or has it just been sticking with the old ways? Is the system efficient enough to allow the industry to adapt to automation and artificial intelligence, or is the

Siddharth Agrawal, Director, Systematic Industries Limited, and Member, Executive Committee, SWMAI

Is the system efficient enough to allow the industry to adapt to automation and artificial intelligence, or is the gap too big to cover? Will the products that the wire industry has been manufacturing be in demand in future? These are the questions that industry players need to ask. – Siddharth Agrawal

gap too big to cover? Will the products that the wire industry has been manufacturing be in demand in future? These are the questions that industry players need to ask. “We are all familiar with the galvanized wire. It is used in agriculture for supporting crops. New-age farmers have started using stainless steel wires for this purpose, as the shelf life is longer. Again, in the transmission industry, there are products called ACSR core wires. With line prices increasing, the need is to transmit more electricity through the same cable. This has led to the development of wires like OPGW, high nickel chromium, etc. “The industry must come together, collaborate and innovate to develop new products.” Speaking on the importance of the wire


A Din Pangotra, CEO of the upcoming National Portal IHUNTBEST and Chief Mentor of NEDC

Industries in India must use the cross-pollination technique so that more and more new entrepreneurs can join the industry with their innovative ideas and competitive approaches. – A Din Pangotra

and cable industry, A Din Pangotra, CEO of the upcoming National Portal IHUNTBEST and Chief Mentor of NEDC, said, “The wire industry plays a vital role in various industries, such as automobile and aerospace. Wires and cables are used for the purpose of safety and security. Without wires and cables, we cannot have a well-secured infrastructure. “India is a trade-deficit economy. An emerging industrial segment like the wire industry can turn India into a trade-enabled nation. The country is currently a trend beneficiary rather than a trend setter. We are buying more and selling less; and this practice needs to be changed. “Industries in India must use the crosspollination technique so that more and more new entrepreneurs can join the industry with their innovative ideas and competitive approaches. The culture of cross pollination is the need of the hour. Also, to grow, the wire and cable industry must go for standardization.”

Nov-Dec, 2019


be revived on the back of positive financial restructuring. With highquality wire rods and the new technology in the country, we have to find ways and means of expanding our market both domestically and internationally. The lean phase we are going through at the moment has compelled us to invest our time and energy in removing the inefficiencies within the industry. Wire and cable companies have to look into how they can be internationally competitive and how they can expand their market – both domestic and international. Good times will start rolling soon.”

November 7, 2019 – Wire Conclave 2 Speaking during Wire Conclave 2, Vijay K. Vedmutha, Managing Director, Bedmutha Industries Limited, said, “Steel wire industry is a small community within the country. During the last 10 years, the industry has seen a lot of technological upgradation. Huge capacities have been created in the industry because of demand and capacity and speed of the machines that are being used today. “However, the wire industr y is currently passing through a lean phase because of weak demand. This weak demand can be attributed to the slowdown in the automobile industry

Vijay K. Vedmutha, Managing Director, Bedmutha Industries Limited

The wire industry is currently passing through a lean phase because of weak demand. This weak demand can be attributed to the slowdown in the automobile industry and the absence of expansion in the country. – Vijay K. and the absence of expansion in the country. The government of India has recently taken a decision not to participate in RCEP. Industries in India, including the wire and cable industry, will derive substantial benefit from this decision. Fortunately, the government is also looking forward to reviewing the FTA agreement. “I think revival of the industry would start between February 2020 and June 2020. Demand would start increasing, and the new economic environment would push the growth of the industry. Four or five years ago procurement of raw materials posed an acute problem for the industry. The supply of raw materials in the country is now quite satisfactory. The quality of the raw materials has also improved. At the same time, new capacities are coming up. Also, the old capacities that had been cut down will


Speaking on the occasion, Vinit Lohiya, Director, Samrat Wires Private Limited, said, “It is true that the wire industry – and the overall steel industry – and the auto sector are going through a slowdown in growth. Hence, this is the right time to clean our house. Last year, when things were looking up, we put in a lot of manpower because we did not want to miss the bus. Today's slowdown gives an opportunity to remove the additional cost we incurred last year. This exercise will enable us to make the most of the good times that lie ahead. “The end-of-life-vehicle policy developed by the government is a move in the direction. Vehicles that are 15 or more than 15 years old will be scrapped immediately. This will improve the availability of scrap to the

Vinit Lohiya, Director, Samrat Wires Private Limited

Nov-Dec, 2019


The end-of-life-vehicle policy developed by the government is a move in the direction. Vehicles that are 15 or more than 15 years old will be scrapped immediately. This will improve the availability of scrap to the steel industry. India is still a net importer of scrap. – Vinit Lohiya Dheeraj Dev, Director, H.D. Wires Pvt. Ltd.

steel industry. India is still a net importer of scrap. Once this policy is adopted, the auto sector will revive, because the old vehicles will go off the road, and the supply of scrap would improve substantially. “I think it is good time right now, when the prices are low, to invest in automation of plants, because the wire industry is predominantly a low value-added industry – 75 to 80 percent is raw material cost. So, it is very important that we automate a lot of things so that the labor cost is low and we continue marching forward during bad times.” Speaking during the conclave, Dheeraj Dev, Director, H. D. Wires Private Limited, said, “Quality poses a big challenge to the wire and cable industry. Quality checks are required at various governmental levels, be it discoms, the defense or the railways. This is the need of the hour. We are welcoming multinationals. Multinational companies give quality products. When they will see that poorquality products can be pushed in the country, they will be disappointed. They want to make investments in India. So, they are getting high-quality technologies and machines. They obviously assume that the government departments are also buying quality products. We are also investing because we think that Indian market has changed and that the government is more quality conscious. There have

For us quality matters. We as an industry make products like bead wires, spring steel wire and cable armor etc. These are precise products, which require lot of expertise and overall efficiency. – Dheeraj Dev

been instances where the electricity boards have blacklisted some parties. Some movement in this direction has taken place. IAS officers have come on their seats. They have rejected cables; they have rejected conductors. But that has not been done at all levels. If you look at the Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board, you will find that they are happy with whatever metal they are getting. So this is the basic problem with


investments in quality machines and the innovation we are doing. You realize that you are competing with someone who is still running on traditional machines in a traditional way and giving poor-quality products; and you have all those huge overheads. The interest cost per se in the rod industry is Rs 6 or 7 per kilogram. Even in the wire industry, it is not less than Rs 3 or 4 a kilogram. These high interest costs are because of high-speed machines – the latest technology that we have employed. So, we have to cover the additional Rs 4 a kilogram additional over a competitor who has a slow-speed machine and who is playing with the quality of the product. So, the engineering good category is a must for the wire industry; we cannot be in the steel sector. If we really want to come out of the whole mess-up, we have to make a precise product; we have to look at the carbon of the rod; we have to look at the manganese; we have to look at the drawability; we have to look at our labs and R&D departments. We cannot be like the steel sector that just has to do melting, make the product and sell it on the market. For us quality matters. We as an industry make products like bead wires, spring steel wire and cable armor etc. These are precise products, which require lot of expertise and overall efficiency.”

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We usually split our cassettes in two groups: cassettes for reinforcement wire and cassettes for industrial wire. Mostly we work with low carbon wire and the cassettes used for this application are our CB & CA models. – Fulvio Pegoraro

mm and it has radial and axial regulation. With each unit sold, we supply nuts necessary to process the axial regulation. Roll-holders can be supplied for this cassette as well. Since 1998, we have sold more than 1,000 units all over the world.

November 7, 2019 – Technical Session 2 In Technical Session 2, Fulvio Pegoraro, R&D Director, Eurolls SRL, Italy, spoke on the topic, “The Cold Rolling Technology on High Strength Materials.” He said, “We are experts in the cold rolling process using cassettes. Since 1997, we have sold more than 10.000 cassettes worldwide. Our U.S.P. is based on the fact that our complete production process is in-house, starting from the engineering (calculation of the reductions and rolls profiles shapes according to different wire materials

Fulvio Pegoraro, R&D Director, Eurolls SRL, Italy

and customers' different production processes) to the assembly of all cassettes components as well as rolls production. Among our services we offer the start-up and technical support on site. The types of cold rolled wires processed by Eurolls cassettes can be divided into three categories, namely smooth wire, ribbed wire and welding wire. Since 1998, we have sold more than 1.500 units all over the world. “We usually split our cassettes in two groups: cassettes for reinforcement wire and cassettes for industrial wire. Mostly we work with low carbon wire and the cassettes used for this application are our CB & CA models. Most common application for this type of cassettes is on machines having one, two or more drafts to produce wires to be used as lattice girders, mesh, reinforced concrete applications. Our CASSETTE CL30CA33 is used for the production of smooth and ribbed low carbon wire, starting from a maximum inlet size of 18 mm and a minimum outlet size of 3 mm. The cassette mounts 3+3 rolls, the dimensions are 140/150X90X15-20


“Some examples of ribbings obtainable with our cassettes are KARI «A» STANDARD (Max. Reduction: 1822%) and INDENTED WIRE (Max. Reduction: 10%). The accessories that we supply for cassette maintenance include Maintenance Bench C o m p l e t e o f O p t i c a l D e v i c e, Unscrewing Locknut Bench and Bearings Pre-loading Device. “In the cassettes-for-industrial-wire category, Types C and D cassettes have been specifically studied to replace the traditional die in the industrial wire sector. The advantages of using cassettes instead of dies are increase of productivity and line production speed due to a reduction of down times and line stoppages (associated with the replacement of dies). This reduction of stoppages translates into an increase of production efficiency. Another advantage is reduction of wire breakages. The cold rolling process requires a lower pulling force compared to the die process; therefore, a lower friction results in less line stops. This lower friction between rolls and wire material guarantees an improved wire surface quality for some materials and, in general, a more homogeneous structure of the wire. The other

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advantages are longer roll life as compared to dies; less quantity of soap consumption especially for certain types of materials; and for materials like stainless steel and titanium, reduction of annealing steps because of a reduced tensile strength obtained on the wire if compared with dies and less furnace maintenance because of cleaner wire. “Welding wire is the type of wire where the cassettes type C and D have been mostly used. Therefore, we have looked at it as a case study. There are three types of welding wire: Solid Wire (CO2 & Stainless steel), Flux Cored Wire (Butt, overlap and seamless, stainless steel and low carbon), and Flux Cored which is usually processed by Modular cassette CL20 D20, while solid wire is processed by Microcassette CL25

C133. The model CASSETTE CL25C133 mounts 3+3 rolls and is always supplied complete with rollholders to grant the tighten ovality tolerances requested on finished products. The model CASSETTE CL20D20 mounts two rolls on each module up to a total of five modules connected to each other by screws to form a single unit. The available accessories are an optical device, a digital visualization system and a preloading device. “The special materials rolled by Eurolls cassettes are mostly stainless steel, titanium and high carbon. Titanium has been rolled both by micro and modular cassettes, which can be equipped with carbide or special steel rolls. Stainless steel is usually rolled by microcassettes mounting carbide rolls. High carbon


represents an increasing sector especially within the Asian market, and together with the CL40F33, we are developing a new unit, called «EHC95», especially studied to produce single wires for PC strand. “We can also provide cassettes for special applications. One of them is the twisting cassette for the twisted square wire. This model mounts four rolls; the wire enters round and the cassette gives the final twisted shape. The required PITCH on the final product is the key information as to properly set up the cassette. With our cassettes we have processed other types of wires, such as shaped wire (e.g. 8-lobe profile) and flat wire, usually using our standard CB cassettes and special CL25CB20/22 models. The market is currently showing interest in rolling other

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materials like copper, brass and bronze – all these materials can be processed with our cassettes. “The company's latest developments include CASSETTE EHC95, CASSETTE CL20R20, and CASSETTE CL20C133. CASSETTE EHC95 is suitable for processing high carbon wire. CASSETTE CL20R20 is for mounting 2+2 rolls; it is supplied with a maximum of five modules Rolls Ø 55 mm. It has been designed to replace the die in the final draft. CASSETTE CL20C133 is for mounting 3+3 rolls – especially studied to process very thin wires, down to 0.80 mm and different materials such as Titanium and Stainless Steel. It is suitable for machines with limited wire height entry (85 mm). “ O u r C L 2 5 C 1 3 3 4 . 0 S M A RT CASSETTE is equipped with sensors that can detect line production parameters and therefore predict anomalies that could eventually occur on rolls. The cassette's control station can be connected directly to customer's PLC. Alternatively, data collected from the cassette's control station is sent to a Cloud and can be analyzed on remote by the customer and Eurolls technicians. “We provide three packages for our customers, namely Temperature, Productivity and Maintenance. The Temperature Package includes cassettes temperature control and alarms, the Productivity Package includes production data and alarms, and the Maintenance Package includes production data and alarms. Direct control of line productivity leads to preventative maintenance.” Speaking on the topic “The Benefits of Drawing with Pressure Dies Combined with Long Nib Dies”, Luca Mazzucchi, R&D - Materials A p p r ova l - Te c h n o l o g y Industrialization - Project Manager

The drawing die is not just a piece of metal with a hole inside: it's one of the main actors of the drawing process. – Luca Mazzucchi

Luca Mazzucchi, R&D - Materials Approval Technology - Industrialization - Project Manager for Ceramics, Wires, and Steel Cords

for Ceramics, Wires, and Steel Cords, said, “Giuseppe Vassena is the founder of Vassena. He started his business in 1958. He believed that the drawing die is not just a piece of metal with a hole inside: it's one of the main actors of the drawing process. He began to work on customization and on the study of the different geometries needed at the various drawing stages to obtain a homogeneous constant drawing effect. “During those days price was the first and main decisive factor. Now things have changed because new needs are arising – needs such as higher drawing speeds, better wire surface quality, poorer lubricants due to more stringent environmental rules and challenging materials. All these challenges highlight the importance of drawing dies. “Process variables in wire drawing are die angle, reduction in cross sectional area per pass, drawing speed, temperature and lubrication all affect F, the drawing force. Vassena has been concentrating on the study of die angles in relationship with the section reduction. “The geometry of a drawing die has to change according to drawn material, desired elongation, drawing speed, etc. In the drawing process, different forces come into play: the drawing


force to apply against the tensile strength of the material determines friction. More friction means more die wear. Die wear mainly takes place in the reduction zone, where the incoming wire comes into contact with the die. It has disadvantages such as shorter die life, more machine stops caused by increased breaks, and higher management costs due to more die changes. Friction and die wear should be minimized. Dies with longer reduction cone having minor inclination are less exposed to friction and die wear. The solution we offer in this area is the drawing die called type L, where L stands for 'long.' “Let's take a quick look at the Venturi effect: A fluid flowing through a constricted section of a tube undergoes a decrease in pressure. As the fluid flows through the constriction, the fluid molecules speed up. Now, how does this apply to drawing dies? As the f luid goes through the constriction, it speeds up, and the pressure drops. The greater length of the reduction cone favors a good "Venturi effect" allowing to create an optimal lubricating film. This ensures better lubrication. In 1976, Giuseppe Vassena was the first one to apply the Venturi effect on drawing dies. “An additional step for better lubrication is the use of the pressure die. Using a pressure die increases lubricant pressure and drawing speed. The particular geometry of the pressure core guarantees efficiency and constancy of lubrication, allowing to eliminate the solidification of the lubricant in the cone.

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“The next step is the use of the pressure die with a longer reduction cone. VG402R.1 is the pressure die. Higher drawing speeds require more advanced dies. The VG402R.2 has a special structure, which allows to reduce the friction coefficient ensuring higher drawing speed, better quality of the drawn wire and longer die life. The other advantages are the elimination of the candle effect in the soap box and a healthier working environment. “The total work carried out during the drawing process can be partitioned into three components: Homogeneous work frictional work, and redundant work. These have adverse effects on wire's mechanical properties and increase energy needed for drawing. The particular geometry of a long-cone die coupled with pressure nib reduces redundant work. “The residual stresses in drawn wires are of great importance, because they influence the mechanical properties. They can cause cracks and other defects. Residual stresses are stresses that remain in a solid material after the original cause of the stresses has been removed. Using-low angle dies dramatically reduces residual stress. Even if all parameters are properly controlled, the torsion behaviour of drawn wire tends to degrade in higher strengths. So the die geometr y becomes particularly important. Smaller die angles result in better torsional properties. Better torsion behaviour, less fractures. “The advantages of VG402R.1 and Type L NIB are better coverage of lubricant on wire, longer die life, higher drawing speeds, less friction, less energy consumption, and better end quality. The higher purchase cost of the drawing die type L is amortized very soon (lower operating costs). “The use of a drawing die with a correct geometry can help in obtain-

ing a stable and high-performance drawing process avoiding further unnecessary processing and problems (e.g. wire cleaning). Compared to a traditional drawing die, one with long reduction cone offers technical advantages (durability, reliability and better end quality) and economic benefits (lower management costs and energy consumption). “Now we are moving towards drawing die 4.0. Vassena is working on a brand new proprietary system: an application to generate a “dialogue” between drawing die and machine, sending signals with useful information to the software/operator for a 100 percent control of the finished product. The first prototypes have shown excellent results.”

Anil C. Mathur, Group Director (Retd.), Space Applications Centre, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)

Speaking on the topic, “Cables and Wires in Space Industry”, Anil C. Mathur, Group Director (Retd.), Space Applications Centre, Indian Space Research Organizat ion (ISRO), said, “We are still importing cables and wires for space use. So far there is only one company in the countr y, Sanghvi Aerospace in Gujarat, which is making spacequalified cables, “Worldwide the space research started in the 1950s. Russia was the first country to send its satellite,


Sputnik 1, in 1957. Space research in India started in 1960 at Physical Research Lab, Ahmedabad, under DAE. ISRO was formed in 1969 and Department of Space was formed in 1972. “In space, we see many applications of cables. We do tethering in the mechanical area. If astronauts go out of the spacecraft or space station without tethering, they would be lost – and that's because there is no gravity in space. Cables in the space sector are also used for power transfer to all subsystems like solar panels, batteries, etc. They are also used for transmiss i o n o f R a d i o Fr e q u e n c y a n d Microwave signals in electronic circuits. Cables are used for data transfer – from satellite to ground. There are numerous applications of cables in space systems, ranging from antennas to high-resolution cameras and radar sensor equipment. “The cables that are used on ground cannot be used in space because there are many factors that operate only in space. The first factor is atomic oxygen. Oxygen is available in space only in atomic form. These atoms attack all materials – whether metal or polymer. So, the material that you send into space has to survive this attack. It means we have to protect our cables from atomic oxygen. We also need to protect the materials that we send into space from UV Radiations. These materials should also be able to withstand extreme temperatures – ranging from - 80 to +200 deg cent. The next factor is outgassing, which is a property of a material when it is u n d e r va c u u m c o n d i t i o n . T h e materials around us do not produce any gas. But they will start producing some sort of gas in space. This is an outgassing property, in vacuum. So if the cable or insulation we are using starts producing gas, the gas released will affect the performance of our electronic systems; for example, the

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The cables that are used on ground cannot be used in space because there are many factors that operate only in space. – Anil C. Mathur

performance of cameras. Another space-related factor is zero gravity. There is no gravity in space. As a result, all systems have to work under zero gravity. The cables needed in space have to go through all these tests and qualify. Only then the cables will be certified space-qualified. “In electrical coating, we do a lot of coating. Here we do PVC coating/ Teflon coating. For some of the wires, we do gold or silver plating to increase their electrical conductivity. Gold remains absolutely unaffected in space; so does silver, but to a lesser extent as compared to gold. So we use fluoro-polymer materials like FEP, PTFE, ePTFE (expanded PTFE), Polyimide (Kapton) and Teflon for coating and insulation. “The space industry places very stringent demands on features such as wire and cable overall performance – it should be 100 percent; low mass, highefficiency, high-bandwidth and high reliability; good performance under radiation, high vacuum and out gassing; the weight has to be minimum; and no maintenance for decades. The other critical requirements or special features for space use include ease in bending/ twisting, mechanical robustness, ease in joining, ease in stripping, perfect connection with terminals, harnessing, electrical performance, plating of conductor, no peeling of plated material, shielding of wires, no arcing, and high insulation. Many wire and cable companies are supplying quality cables and wires to ISRO. “At some places the temperature r a n ge c h a n ge s. T h e o p e r a t i n g

temperature range is -100°C to +200°C. So, cables and wires should be able to withstand these changes. The other environmental characteristics are non-flammable, very good solderability, current rating – up to an ambient temperature of 150°C, derating factors must be applied for cables and wires in bundles, high resistance to chemical agents, fluids and space radiations, the 2 µm thick layer of silver-plating on the conductor, and shield should provide the best protection against the Red Plague phenomenon. “Data transmission is essential to the success of every space mission. If data can't be transmitted, the spacecraft could lose communication with mission control, leading to a crippled or a failed mission. Data cables should provide bidirectional, high-speed data transmission up to 400 Mbit/s with minimal crosstalk, signal attenuation and low skew. To save costs, cables can be integrated into many different satellite programs without the need for custom designs. “Extreme cold conditions can have an impact on wire/cable flexibility. In the NASA experiment, different insulated wire and cable pieces were cold soaked in liquid nitrogen then subjected to bending. The mechanical failure of the insulation occurred in lower gauge wires with thicker insulation. “Conductor/shield platting types for space applications are very limited. NASA and ESA have identified a method for evaluating silver plated conductors. Noncompliance with outgassing requirements could result in excessive contamination of an instrument or the complete failure of a space flight mission. The selection of polymeric materials with low vacuum outgassing characteristics is an essential part in the selection of materials for use in space flight hardware. Low outgassing materials


are required. Excessive outgassing can degrade the structural integrity of materials. These baked-on deposits cannot be removed easily in addition thermal control surface properties are significantly affected. “Radiation endurance and performance impact in space systems. When an area of insulation becomes ionized (such as by radiation), the ionization may remain on the insulation for a prolonged period. If a sufficiently high enough voltage differential is created, the result can be a corona discharge. This can impact system signal integrity and potentially erode the insulation performance. Wire insulations with lower resistivity values are selected. In doing so, the localized impacts of the ionizing radiation are dissipated through the insulation safely without impacting system performance or insulation reliability. “The space cables we currently use include cables such as flexible coaxial cable, Twinax coaxial cable 120 ohm, quadraxial cables, single core, single core shielded and jacketed, multi core, 2 &3 cores, multi core shielded and jacketed, low fluoride SPEC 55, electroloss, polyimide wire shielded/unshielded, copper magnet wire, LVDS cable, SR cable, RG316 cable, RG 401 and RG 402. The Low Fluoride SPEC 55 space wire has an excellent service history. It is the smallest and lightest performance wire, rated at +200 °C for 10,000 hours and flexible at -85 °C. It is mechanically tough and low outgassing. It provides excellent resistance to chemicals. It should be noted that the Low fluoride SPEC 55 wire is not ESA approved. “There is another company that supplies us with the CHEMINAX coaxial cable. This cable is suitable for demanding video and RF applications. It has low capacitance and attenuation and is lightweight and

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small in size with high velocity of propagation and flexibility. It is rated 65 °C to 200 °C. “The other cables are FILTERLINE ElectroLoss Cable and QUADLITE Quadraxial Cable. It is not possible for a company to make all the aforementioned cables. A company can select one of the aforementioned cables and start producing it. Later, it can go for another cable.

“Certain standards, including MIL and NASA Standard and European (ESA) Standard, have to be followed for space-grade cables. All over the world, these standards are followed. We refer to such wires as spacequalified wires or space-certified wires. “There are some traders in Hyderabad who import these cables and supply them to us. They are not

manufacturers of these cables. There is only one manufacturer in India, but this manufacturer does not produce all types of cables. This manufacturer is Sanghvi Aerospace. They developed space-qualified wires in 1993. Another company is coming up – in Ballabgarh. It has passed some of the initial tests. Hopefully, it will start supplying cables this year.”


Innovation Pavilion at Cable & Wire Fair 2019: Innovation Matters


nnovation enables organizations to stay relevant in the competitive market. If an organization is not making any progress, it cannot stay relevant in the market. Innovation also plays an important role in economic growth. The ability to resolve critical problems depends on new innovations. Progress rests on innovation.

There can be no progress in the absence of new things. Change is inevitable and in most cases, innovation creates positive change. Re a l i z i n g t h e i m p o r t a n c e o f innovation for the wire and cable industry, the organizers of Cable & Wire Fair 2019 set up an Innovation Pavilion at the fair. This pavilion was built to give wire and cable


companies an oppor tunity to display their innovative products. A number of leading companies erected their stalls in the pavilion displaying innovative products for promotion. The innovative products displayed by the companies at Innovation Pavilion were well-received by visitors and industry players.

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EVENT Pictures taken at Innovation Pavilion

RR Global

KEI Industries Ltd.

Polycab India Limited

Ravin Group

Head Office: 2B, Pretoria Street, Kolkata - 700 071, Tel: +91-33-22823744 / 45 / 8818, Fax: +91-33-22823739, Email: Sales & Marketing Office: 106, Laxmi Plaza, Laxmi Industrial Estate, New Link Road, Andheri (W), Mumbai - 400 053 Tel: +91-22-67021470 / 71 / 72, Fax: +91-22-67021473, E-Mail:


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Apar Industries Limited (Unit: Uniflex Cables)

Paramount Communications Limited

CMI Limited

Svarn Infratel Pvt. Ltd.

LS Cable India Private Limited


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Cable & Wire Fair 2019 Exhibitor’s Testimonials


ementing its reputation as the leading trade show for the wire and cable industry, the 3rd edition of Cable & Wire Fair 2019 played host to around 200 exhibitors from 20plus countries. The exhibition not only highlighted the latest trends and developments in the various segments of the wire and cable sector, but also showcased innovative products and solutions developed for the industry. The exhibitors and the principle partners of the event expressed delight at being part of the show that has grown year-over-year, not just in exhibitor numbers, but also visitors. The absolute satisfaction with their participation in Cable & Wire Fair 2019 expresses the exhibitor's willingness to participate in the next edition of Cable & Wire Fair to a great extent.

The response from Cable & Wire Fair 2019 has been overwhelming. It gave us an opportunity to meet so many cable manufactures from the northern parts of India. We received a good number of quality enquiries from the visitors looking for innovative products. We are most likely to exhibit in the next edition of this fair. – Joshua Bruni, Foreign Sales, Fainplast Compounds

As expected, NGB was able to meet all the major companies at Cable & Wire Fair 2019. The exhibition has proved to be promising for us. The show is getting better and bigger. We expect to return in 2021. – Karl Bauer, CEO & Managing Director, NBG Holding GmbH

Keeping in view the current industrial scenario, we did not expect to receive a satisfactory feedback on our products from the industry players. However, enquiries about our products were made. Looking at the potential business opportunities that India affords, we still plan to participate in Cable & Wire Fair 2021. – Massimiliano Perrone, Sales Area Manager, SAMPSISTEMI Srl

This is my first ever exhibition at Cable & Wire Fair for Metalube. Cable & Wire Fair 2019 has turned out to be quite good for us. We had a lot of customers, both existing and new, expressing interest in our products. We would definitely participate in the next Cable & Wire Fair. – Adrian Day, Business Development Manager, Metalube Limited


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We have received encouraging responses from visitors. A lot of enquiries about our technologies came from them. As a market, India is of utmost importance for us. So, we would love to participate in the next edition as well. – Matteo Tosolini, Sales Engineer, Eurolls

Cable & Wire Fair 2019 has proved to be an important platform for us. We met representatives of major companies and exhibited our latest compounding material. We intend to participate in the next Cable & Wire Fair. – Davide Vavassori, Business Manager, Padanaplast

This is the first time we have participated in Cable & Wire Fair. At the beginning, we were doubtful about the outcome of this exhibition. But we were surprised when we received positive feedbacks and enquiries from the customers. We are definitely coming back to participate in the next edition of this event. – Helmut Gerber, GF-Senior Area Sales Manager, AESA Cortaillod

Our experience at Cable & Wire Fair 2019 was excellent. We have received a good number of enquiries from visitors. Of course, we would participate in 2021 as well. – Gaurav Parekh, Director, Techniva Cable Solutions Private Limited

This is our first time at Cable & Wire Fair. Visitors' response has been wonderful; we received positive feedback on our products. Yes, we would like to exhibit our products in the 4th edition of the Cable & Wire Fair. – Nicholas Chua, Sales and Support SA & SEA-PAC Manager, Proton Products International Ltd.

The response from our visitors has been really impressive. We are thinking of participating in the next edition of this event and expecting our partners to bring in more innovative products at Cable & Wire Fair 2021. – V Kumar, Director, Sci-Mach Industrial

Cable & Wire Fair 2019 was quite good for us. It gave us an opportunity to talk to our clients, showcase our new products and interact with many prospective customers. We will most likely return to participate in the next exhibition as well. – Albert Groothedde, CEO, InnoVites

The response from visitors was simply overwhelming. We have received a good number of enquiries from potential customers. Cable & Wire Fair gave us a good platform to market our products. We are now looking forward to participating in 2021. – Nishant Garg, CEO, Maiden Forgings Private Limited

We have been participating in Cable & Wire Fair for the last few years. We interacted with quite a few potential customers during this event. This exhibition is surely an effective platform for networking with both partners and clients. We will come back in 2021, as India is an important market for us. – Felix Thoma, Vice Managing Director, RSD Technik GmbH

The response we got from visitors certainly exceeded our expectations. During the event, we received positive feedbacks and were able to connect with potential customers. This event also gave us an opportunity to connect with many industry players. We will definitely participate in the next edition. – Ashwani Gupta, Director, Vividh Wires Limited


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EVENT We have been participating in Cable & Wire Fair since almost the very beginning. The response we got from visitors was quite encouraging. They seemed quite satisfied with the event, especially the conferences. We would definitely participate in 2021. – Nirmal Singh, Director, Assomac Machines Limited

This is our first ever edition of cable and wire fair. The response we got from our visitors is positive. I remember receiving quality enquiries from both new and existing customers. Also, we hope to acquire new leads from this event. And, of course, we will participate in next Cable & Wire Fair. – Mohammad Karamatulla, Regional Managing Director, ADVARIS Software Solutions

This is the second time we have participated in Cable & Wire Fair. This year's turnout was greater than last year's. We will definitely participate in 2021 with more principal overseas companies. – Ronak Shah, Director, Ronak Industry

This is for the first time we have participated in Cable & Wire Fair. We have received positive feedbacks on our newly launched product, P-TEF Wire. We will surely participate in the next edition of this event. – Amit Jain, Managing Director, SSI Cables

We have received favorable responses from our visitors. Almost all our major customers visited our stand. The event was quite fruitful for us. We will surely continue to participate in Cable & Wire Fair. – Ajay Arora, Head-Sales & Marketing, Carl Bechem Lubricants (India) Private Limited

Initially, we expected to see just a few visitors from outside Delhi. But the huge number of visitors we saw at the exhibition soon surpassed our expectations. We will go for a bigger stand in the next edition of Cable & Wire Fair. – Vaibhav Mittal, Managing Director, Velocity Engineers Private Limited

A good number of visitors came to our stand. We also had quite a few fruitful business meetings. I am sure most of them will be translated into closing deals very soon. We are eagerly looking forward to participating in 2021. – Herman Vansteeger, Fire Retardant Additives, Sales Director and Mario Neuenhaus, Business & Technical Development, HUBER-MARTINSWERK GmbH

The response from the 3rd edition of Cable & Wire Fair has been quite fruitful. We have received positive response from visitors. We are looking forward to participating in the fourth edition as well. – Sukhanjan, Director, Kay Kay Industrial Corporation

We have been exhibiting at Cable & Wire Fair since its first edition. The response from customers so far has been quite good, and we will, of course, participate in the next edition. – Nilesh Chorage, Regional Head, Sikora India Pvt. Ltd.


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A Thriving Market for Automotive Wiring The automotive industry is driving revenue growth for companies operating in the wire and cable segment.


he wiring harness, which plays a critical role in the vehicle, serves as a vital link between the wire and cable industry and the automotive industry. This harness is a set of wires, connectors, and terminals that transmits information and electric power to deliver function to the vehicle. A car has many wires, and when these wires are stretched out, they can extend for miles. In virtually all applications in a vehicle, such as engine, transmission, lights, braking, air conditioners, seat heaters and various dashboard applications like speedometer, fuel meter, etc., wires and cables serve a major function. With the advancement of new technologies and sharp rise in customer aspirations, applications of cables and wires in automotives have increased considerably with time. The Automotive Wiring Harness Market The growing demand for greater safety, convenience and comfort and the increasing volume of vehicle production are likely to push the demand for the automotive wiring h a r n e s s m a r k e t . T h e d a s hboard/cabin application is estimated


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to be the largest segment (by volume) of the automotive wiring harness market from 2018 to 2025. According to a study conducted by Grand View Research, Inc., the global automotive wiring harness market size is expected to reach USD 77.15 billion by 2025 at a 6.2% CAGR during the forecast period. However, the high cost of advanced technology may stymie the automotive wiring harness market. It is estimated that by 2025, the AsiaPacific region will be the largest market for automotive wiring harness. The main growth drivers for the market in this region are increasing disposable income in countries like India and China and the growing demand for premium cars and advanced features in the vehicles. The North American region is estimated to be the second largest market for automotive wiring harness market. North America – with one of the largest markets for premium segment vehicles – is expected to witness impressive growth in the automotive wiring harness market. The demand for additional safety and convenience features in mid-segment vehicles is also growing by leaps and bounds in the region. The Electric Vehicle segment has turned out to be the fastest growing segment of automotive wiring harness market, thanks to growing environmental concerns, rising fossil fuel prices and strict government regulations for emission. Increasing adoption of electric vehicles is also expected to drive the automotive wiring harness market, as far more electronic components are used in EVs than in conventional automobiles. Wire manufacturing for EVs has to be done by wire and cable manufacturers, as in-house development of wire-manufacturing processes would prove rather costly for car manufacturers. These developments in the automotive industry certainly augur well for the wire and cable industry.

“With different specifications of wire and process, the wire and cable industry will continue to grow in the hybrid EV and EV segments”, says Ravi Baraskar, Managing Director, LEONI Wiring Systems (Pune) Private Limited, in an exclusive interview given to Wire & Cable India.

Ravi Baraskar, Managing Director, LEONI Wiring Systems (Pune) Private Limited

Wire & Cable India: Do you think that with the advancement of new technologies and customer aspirations, applications of cables and wires in automotives have increased considerably with time? Please elaborate. Ravi Baraskar: Speaking for the Indian market, the answer is “yes”. It starts from transition of BS3 to BS4 electronics engine, and now from April 2020, compulsory to BS6 engine, there are many electronics devices, communication devices, sensors, ABS and added safety features. Due to all these overall changes, customer aspiration and connectivity applications, the amount of wiring systems in automotives have increased.

WCI: Can we say that the automotive industry is driving revenue growth for companies operating in the wire and cable segment? RB: Yes. We see some global trends that are driving the wiring content in vehicles. The first is that with a rising number of electric and electronic components, for example, entertainment and safety, there is an additional need for transporting energy and data via cables. Secondly, mid-


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size-car and even smaller cars are increasingly well equipped with such devices, resulting in bigger harnesses in theses vehicle groups. Thirdly, the introduction of electric and hybrid vehicles provokes a higher volume of cabling due to the additional high-voltage harness.

WCI: In order to reduce weight and cost of the wiring harness, some wire and cable companies have started installing high-strength aluminum alloy wire in the engine harness instead of copper wire, which has been conventionally used. Will the use of aluminum alloy wire make EVs even more efficient? RB: For aluminum alloy you still need to do more things as currently it's proven for big cross section and longer length. Currently, it can be efficient on the cost and weight front.

WCI: Do you think that the electric-vehicle segment has turned out to be the fastest growing segment of the automotive wiring harness market? Please elaborate. RB: Yes, as we need to count the next 5 to 6 years, and then real development starts in India. Currently we see EV development for city bus which is on the road. Speaking for the Indian market, pure electric should cross 10K units in 2022 and full hybrid should be 31K. Mild hybrid should be more than 700K units in 2022; and 2030 onward, India should really be on EV.

WCI: The gross weight of the wiring harness using a conventional electric wire is about 30 kg for a car, but weight reduction of about 30 percent is possible by using a weight-saving electric wire. Is your company looking for ways and means of reducing the gross weight of the wiring harness? RB: There are different means of reducing weight, starting from reducing some of the wire's cross-sections to optimizing the overall architecture of the wiring system and introducing intelligent techniques. Harness makers should involve themselves in the OEM's development process without further delay, as that would enable them to add value to the optimization of the vehicle's overall design. This is all the more important since the wiring harness will become a crucial component for energy and data supply when it comes to higher levels of autonomous driving.

WCI: Do you think the wire and cable industry will continue to grow in the hybrid EV and EV segments? RB: Yes with different specifications of wire and process. The wiring content will definitely grow because a hybrid car needs an additional HV harness. Pure EVs too – whereas here the combustion engine harness is not needed anymore. Today's HV harness architectures will change and probably become simpler with the next e-car generations. From the point of view of price, we estimate the average harness price to grow moderately until 2030, due to the shift to EV and hybrid cars.


Fossil-fuel Vehicles and EVs: Impact on the Wire & Cable Industry In order to meet national climate targets under international agreements such as the Kyoto Accord and the Paris Agreement, to gain energy independence and to reduce health risk due to local emissions, many countries have proposed to ban the future sale of passenger vehicles powered by fossil fuels. These countries include India, China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal and Costa Rica. Paradoxically, China is the largest auto market globally and Japan is the third largest auto market globally. It may be mentioned that Japan has comprehensive plans for a "hydrogen economy" by 2040. Be that as it may, fossil-fuel vehicles will not disappear completely from the market in the near future. Also, the sale of hybrid EV (HEV) is expected to increase with the passage of time. So, there are currently no roadblocks for the wire and cable industry. The arrival of all sorts of EVs has also widened the scope of wire and cable markets. Governments of many countries consider EVs as the best alternative to fossil-fuel vehicles. Britain seeks to halve fossil- fuel vehicles by 2030. China is planning for 4 percent EV adoption by 2021, which means 1.12 million EVs would be sold in China in less than five years. India recently launched its Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme, which provides incentives for purchasing EVs. Recent reports suggest that the government may put a tax on fossil fuel vehicles to persuade buyers to opt for EVs. The government's plan envisages 30 percent EVs on India's roads by 2030. The government has also released tenders to increase charging i n f r a s t r u c t u r e i n t h e c o u n t r y. Concerted efforts are being made in many countries to push the sale of EVs.

Nov-Dec, 2019


Are EVs ready to overtake fossil-fuel vehicles? There are quite a few downsides to EVs. First of all, batteries for EVs need rare metals; for example, lithium. Battery technology is improving all the time but this is a fact at the moment. The demand for copper is also much higher in the EV sector. EVs need three times more copper than conventional combustion-engine vehicles. The amount of copper used in fossil-fuel vehicles is already quite high. A conventional car contains 18 to 49 lbs of copper; a hybrid EV (HEV) contains 85 lbs of copper; a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) uses 132 lbs of copper; a battery electric vehicle (BEV) contains 183 lbs of copper; a hybrid electric bus contains 196 lbs of copper; and a battery electric bus contains 814 lbs of copper (Source:, YES Sec – Research). Wire companies must look for ways and means of offering this metal at competitive prices. In order to reduce weight and cost, some companies have star ted installing high-strength aluminum alloy wire in the engine harness instead of copper wire which has been conventionally used. Besides, electric cars are more expensive to buy. Existing standard lithium-ion batteries


use expensive materials such as cobalt, which raises price. So, the purchase price of an electric car tends to be much higher than that of a petrol or dieselengine version of the same car. In addition, many electric cars have a range of just 100 miles or less between charges, which means they are not suited for long-distance travel. Also, there aren't enough charging points. Electric cars would gain enormous popularity once their manufacturers succeed in bringing price down through more efficient technology. Electrical design engineers are making efforts to reduce wiring mass while improving cost, safety and reliability. The gross weight of the wiring harness using a conventional electric wire is about 30 kg for a car, but weight reduction of about 30 percent is possible by using a weightsaving electric wire. Proper EV charging infrastructure also needs to be set up – and that is expected to happen soon. Interestingly, a manufacturer in the wire and cable industry is setting up a facility to grab the demand from the automotive industry and get ready for the futuristic demand for EV. Needless to say, the need for setting up EV charging

infrastructure will stand wire manufactures in good stead, as setting up this infrastructure would entail an additional demand for wires. Prospects and Demand Growth Prospects in the wire and cable industry are excellent. The wire and cable space is looking up: It is expected to double over FY18 to FY23 to Rs 1.03 lakh crores (estimate) amid a likely strong power distribution capital expenditure and the growth in the wire segment led by a number of affordable housing projects. The adoption of EV in India would also leverage demand growth, mainly because EV consumes three times more wires than a conventional vehicle. Also, an additional demand would come from the development of EV infrastructure. The revenue growth of the industry as a whole would be higher than its volume growth, as the industry is focusing on high voltage cables and housing wire manufacturers are moving up the value chain with niche, high-quality products. According to recent estimates, the size of the wire and cable industry in India is Rs 53,000 crores. The size is expected to increase in times to come. n


All these materials available on direct indent & ex-stock from :

E-mail:, W ebsite:


Nov-Dec, 2019


HD Wires:

All Set for Further Expansion


n an interview recently given to Wire & Cable India, Dilip Dev, C M D, H D W i r e s P r i va t e Limited, and Chairman, Steel Wire Manufacturers Association of India, talks about his company and the future trends of the wire and cable industry. Excerpts:

Wire & Cable India: Could you tell us a little bit about HD Wires and the major milestones it has reached so far?

Dilip Dev, CMD, HD Wires Private Limited, and Chairman, Steel Wire Manufacturers Association of India

Dilip Dev: As a business idea and entity, HD Wires was incubated and incorporated in 1988. Commercial production began in July 1994, and we are celebrating the 25th anniversary of our operations this year.

WCI: Could you tell us about your product range and the applications of your products in various industries? DD: HD Wires initially manufactured binding wires for the construction industry and HB hard drawn wires, which are raw material for wire products like nails and fasteners. During the 25 years of our business journey, we have forward integrated i n t o m a nu f a c t u r i n g b l a c k a n d galvanized wires ranging from low to high carbon chemistry for general engineering purposes as well as agriculture, cable armor, stay and ACSR wires for the expanding power


sector in India, fencing solutions like solar fencing, barbed and chain link mesh, and concrete reinforcement using weld mesh for irrigation pipelines and RCC slabs in low-cost housing and hardware products focusing on B2B- stitching wires, fasteners and welding electrodes.

WCI: Could you tell us about your company's capacity and actual production? DD: We started production with an achievable capacity of 300 TPM. And the journey to the current level of 165 TPA has been long and rewarding. The key to this success has been our ongoing investment in technology. With our two new products – cable armor tape and PC Wire – our monthly production touched 6500 tons in May 2019.

WCI: What is your plan for ramping up infrastructure for capacity expansion? What steps are you taking to accomplish this task? DD: Capacity expansion is going to take place at the same location and facility where Greenfield project development is in progress for the same. Our vision for the wire division was to have a single point facility. We currently have about 140000 sq. ft. of constructed area at the facility. Around 22000 sq. ft. of extra area has been constructed for the new shed under the expansion plan.

Nov-Dec, 2019


WCI: Could you tell us about the markets you supply your products to?

WCI: What are the future growth trends of the steel wire industry?

DD: As of now, the major part of our supplies goes to Maharashtra, Gujarat, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. But our products are present in all the states because of our diversified product portfolio.

DD: We are expecting a huge demand growth in the next couple of years. The growth in power, infrastructure, and other sectors is sure to give the steel wire industry a big boost. Growth in the economy and infrastructure will push the steel industry's market. Major industry players know that the consumption of steel is increasing, and they are well-equipped to meet the rising demand. The per capita steel consumption of India is one-third (69 kg) of the world's average (214 kg), and the country has yet to reach its optimum potential in terms of steel consumption.

The international exports market continues to be rather volatile, especially for countries like India. At times the export market is overwhelming, and there are times when it is absolutely unpromising. For example, the Turkish currency recently got devaluated, due to which Turkey's pricing dropped around 150 USD PMT. We have been exporting our products to Nepal for the past 10 years. We stepped into the Middle East and South Asian markets a couple of years ago.

WCI: What are your future targets? DD: We are looking forward to doubling our capacity in less than two

years. At present, we are producing 5000 TPM. HD Wires is expecting to touch 6500 TPM within six months. We are all geared up. Many products will enter the market soon. In less than one-and-a-half years, we will hopefully touch our 10000 TPM target. We will be working with all the sectors that will require our steel wire products. HD Wires has also acquired 35 to 40 acres of new land, which will see construction in the next 1 to 2 years.

WCI: Is there anything else you would like to add? DD: As Chairman of the association, I wish a good business year for all the members of the steel wire industry. I hope, in the coming years, the industry would find adequate raw materials to meet the growing demand.

Maintaining A Technological Edge Complete Wire & Cable Machinery Solutions

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With its presence for over 35 years in supply of Machinery to the wire and cable sector the India-based Sarvasv Group has primarily been known to infuse its machinery with innovations so as to take care of a client's minutest needs. SARVASV with time has earned the reputation of being the most reliable supplier and partner for supply of Machinery for Wire and Cable Manufacturing. It has manufacturing units that are equipped with the most sophisticated and modern machinery and equipments, which is complemented by highly qualified team of professionals who are always striving hard to improve on the already attained success. It has also been exporting its machines to various countries across the globe like UAE, Bangladesh, Iran, Africa, Europe and Australia.

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Nov-Dec, 2019



Looking at the World of Power and Electricity A global platform for technology, product and sharing of knowledge among the key stakeholders in the electrical and power ecosystem, ELECRAMA boosts professional and peer networking across the globe and helps industry players in exploring investment opportunities in the Indian electrical and power industry. The 14th edition of ELECRAMA, a five-day event, will be held at Greater Noida Expo Mart from January 18, 2020, to January 22, 2020. Anil Saboo, Chairman, ELECRAMA 2020


n an interview given to Wire & Cable India, Anil Saboo, Chairman, ELECRAMA 2020, gives an insight into ELECRAMA 2020.

specially connecting our MSME units to global value chains. In this edition, we will be focusing on the entire energy spectrum along with renewable energy, energy storage, automation, digitalization, Industry 4.0, IoT, AI and electric transportation opportunities to expose the electrical industry to new technology innovations and disruptions with information to manage the transformation.

Here are a few excerpts from the interview.

Wire & Cable India: Could you tell us a little bit about ELECRAMA 2020? How will it be different from the previous editions? Anil Saboo: ELECRAMA 2020 will include major concurrent events like World Utility Summit, ETechnxt, RBSM and DBSM, etc., where exhibitors from more than 60 countries and visitors from more than 120 countries will join. ELECRAMA will provide more noticeable growth, increased exports in addition to new segments

This year, we will also focus on women empowerment in the electrical sector. As per study, in all developed countries, women contribute more than 50 percent of the overall work force. In order to increase the role of women in energy and power sectors, we will provide a platform for


Nov-Dec, 2019

INTERVIEWS them to share their experiences with one another and learn from the experiences of others.


WCI: Could you tell us about some of the new and emerging challenges for the grid?


Resistance Annealing Machine

AS: Grid expansion over the next few years will be driven by the government's ambitious plan to scale up renewable energy to 175 GW by 2022. To develop associated power evacuation infrastructure, Power Grid Corporation of India Limited and state utilities are carrying out the Green Energy Corridor project. Running in: Svarn Group, Advance Cable, Laser Cable, Srinilink Wires, Special Cable, Gemscab Ind., Neelkanth Cables

The major emerging challenges for the grid include adoption of smart technology, investment in technology to make grids more reliable, automation in substations, innovative tower design, digitization, technology evolution and up-gradation in infrastructure.

and many more..

Tin Electroplating On Copper Wire

WCI: What new or emerging technologies would be most relevant to meeting future grid requirements? AS: The most promising and emerging technologies that can meet future grid requirements are Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain, Industry 4.0, and IoT. Increasing grid reliability is important. New technologies, evolving customer preferences and the changing competitive landscape are leading many power companies to explore new business models. Some models may help utilities to further enable the energy transition.

Running in: Tamra Dhattu, KMG Wires, Zenith Wires and many more..

Tin/Ni Electroplating Machine On Copper Wire

WCI: What is your outlook for the power sector in the next few years? AS: The power sector is one of the most critical components of infrastructure. It is crucial for the economic growth and welfare of nations. The power sector wants export to grow by 400 percent in the next five years to reach the 5 trillion dollar economy by 2024. Running in: Apar Industries, Polycab, RR Kabel, Advance Cable, LAPP India and many more..

With the installed power generating capacity of 365048 MW as of October 2019, India has emerged as the world's third-largest electricity producer and consumer.

Off Line Multi Wire Annealing Machine

India's SME sector has been one of the primary drivers for the economy. The sector's contribution to the country's GDP is expected to increase to 22 percent in 2020. As per World Energy Council, 50 percent investment in energy will be done in Asia till 2030. India has potential to increase exports of electrical equipment on the world market and to innovate new technologies for energy transition in the next five to ten years.

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Nov-Dec, 2019


Integrated Yarn Tension Control for Consistent Production Results New challenges New materials and optimizations of cable designs in terms of compactness, number of fibers, material consumption and production costs constantly pose new challenges for cable manufacturers. A few years ago, a loose tube with 12 fibers had a diameter of 2.8 mm. Today, the same loose tube has a diameter of only 1.4 mm. Low binding forces are a quality criterion when stranding such cores and additionally supporting the product characteristics. Tensions of 2 Newtons and less! The newly developed yarn tension binder from Rosendahl with integrated yarn tension measurement enables minimum yarn tensions of 2 newtons, which cannot be achieved using conventional binders. These constant tension forces contribute to optimum results in fiber optic productions and minimize scrap.

Rosendahls improved and sensitive cross binder.


osendahl's ROBI high-speed low-tension crossbinder was developed for binding SZ- stranded loose tubes. Ever-smaller cable designs and softer materials require the ongoing development of this stranding method. The new integrated yarn tension measurement of Rosendahl's ROBI allows consistent and, if required, very low binding tension, also during high-speed productions.


Speed is usually a key factor of performance. With a line speed of up to 200 m/min, the loose tubes are stranded at an impressive 2,500 rpm. But speed alone does not fulfill all the requirements a manufacturer has for a production line. Integrated components also have to react precisely at high speeds.


The cross-binder with integrated yarn tension control meets the requirements of new cable designs and materials (micro-tubes, soft-bundles)


The integrated torsion lock is located directly at the binding point, which allows for extremely short reversal lengths


Large yarn bobbin sizes allow for long production lengths and reduce setup time


Suitable for dual-end yarn, offers even higher production speeds


Easy to integrate as an upgrade for existing lines n

Lubrizol Expands Halogen-free Flame-retardant ESTANE® ZHF TPU Portfolio


including thinner or colored cables in the market. The new ZHF resins also meet needs for more sustainable alternatives because of their recyclability and improvement of processability in the extrusion of most cables.

ubrizol Engineered Polymers has developed several new, halogen-free ESTANE® ZHF thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) grades that feature low toxicity, low smoke and low gas conductivity to offer a wider range of high-performing solutions to cable manufacturers. The design versatility of ESTANE® ZHF polymers expands the scope of applications the new grades can be applied in,

New ESTANE® ZHF TPU products include: l


ESTANE® ZHF 90AT8 NAT 02: Ideal for robotic and communication cables

Nov-Dec, 2019


thermal resistance and easy processability with excellent flame-retardant performance l

Fabio Morelli, New Business Development Senior Manager for Lubrizol Engineered Polymers in EMEA, said, “New emerging applications have demanding material requirements and international cable-related regulations are also becoming more stringent. As an example, some ESTANE® ZHF grades have been designed after a collaborative development process with key manufacturers of EV charging cables.” He adds that “new ESTANE® ZHF 58202 and 58370 grades have the standard features of a TPU (e.g. durability and good hydrolysis resistance), but also show very low conductivity levels. Lubrizol's regulatory and legal expert team has ensured that the new ESTANE portfolio without halogenated flame retardants is compliant with the standards required by the cable industry.” Lubrizol recently launched a new video about the ESTANE® ZHF polymers portfolio. n

Lubrizol Engineered Polymers ESTANE® ZHF TPU l

ESTANE® ZHF 58202 NAT 02: Best features are its easy processability and low gas conductivity combined with excellent flame-retardant performance


ESTANE® ZHF 58370 NAT 01: It shows very easy processability and extremely low gas conductivity in compliance with IEC 62893 and EN 50620 Standards for electric vehicles' (EV) charging cables


ESTANE® ZHF 58211 NAT 01: It combines very good

ESTANE® ZHF 85AT8 MATT: It features a matt surface jointly with good flame-retardant performance and easy processability

Rosendahl's Polypropylene-Based Insulation Technology for MV Cables XLPE, silane and peroxide cross-linkable polyethylene insulation material, has already been dominating the power cable insulation material market for decades in land AC applications, and for roughly a decade in HVDC links. Now, polypropylene (PP) provides an equal or better alternative to XLPE. In polymer markets, polypropylene is the second-largest polymer after polyethylene (PE), with an annual usage growth rate of around 5-6%, and is therefore a raw material available globally.

RoSET– Production Line, Material and Know-How for PPC MV Power Cable Production


Rosendahl's R&D intensely investigated and tested PPC against in comparison with the well-established XLPE insulation material in medium voltage cables. A number of test cables were carried out using Rosendahl's RM-A line in real manufacturing conditions. The results are outstandingly positive and verify the advantages of PPC in many aspects. It was evident to bundle the gained know-how and offer it to power cable manufacturers globally under the name RoSET.


ver the past few years, thermoplastic polypropylene-based power cable insulation systems have gained a lot attention in the global cable industry due to their excellent electrical behavior and production benefits. Polypropylene-based compounds, or PPC, are also called HPTE, high performance thermoplastic elastomer materials, in some contexts.


Nov-Dec, 2019


Nov-Dec, 2019


PPC Benefits

maintenance and employee costs, are significantly lower than for peroxide XLPE manufacturing

RoSET, Rosendahl Superior Extrusion Technology, is a unique MV PPC cable-manufacturing concept for up to 30/36 kV power cables. It consists of a dedicated MV linetype RM-A, PPC MV insulation, semi-conductive materials and know-how package.


The material costs of PPC insulation system compared to XLPE are typically lower


The thermoplastic material allows for higher extruder speeds, and therefore higher line speeds can be used


The PPC material allows for any length to be manufactured


The production lead time is shorter, since degassing or the steam bath process is not necessary


As the thermoplastic PPC material requires no curing, investment in degassing or steam bathing is not necessary


The investment in the production line is lower due to the shorter line layout and horizontal line


We guarantee that cables made with PPC meet the requirements

Full manufacturing concept from one source In 2018 Rosendahl Nextrom GmbH and HV Cable Solutions Ltd. came together to develop an extrusion technology for PPCs, which was something new to the market. The cooperation combines MV cable know-how packages comprising PPC recipes, production process, cable performance guarantee and production equipment from one strong source. Prior to the cooperation, over the past years, tens of full type tests and hundreds of additional individual tests, including short circuit tests, have been conducted for PPC solutions in the 15 kV, 20 kV and 30 kV voltage classes. The additional tests and 20kV and 30kV cable production run with Rosendahl's RM-A line under real manufacturing conditions proved the PPC concept and resulted in an enhanced, high-performance RM-A production line optimized for PPC. An approved type test for RoSET 30/36 kV cable was performed by a European test institute.

Based on the above, the RoSET concept, including an optimized horizontal triple-layer RM-A extrusion line, is the perfect solution for cable makers to enter a new market and boost their competitive position. The new RoSET insulation technology for medium-voltage cable manufacturing is now commercially available from Rosendahl Nextrom GmbH. n

RoSET PPC offers power-cable makers several benefits: l

The machine hour costs, including line operation,


Nov-Dec, 2019


InteliSENS Non-Contact Laser Doppler Speed and Length Measuring Technology for Wire and Cable Industry


for calibration

lobal competition is getting tougher and fierce, instigates manufacturers to reduce cost and wa s t e, a n d m a n a ge delivery lengths better and more accurate. In the converting, woven, nonwoven, paper, film, foil as well as many process industries, speed and Mr. V. Kumar, Director, length of product is Sci-Mach Industrial measured by contact encoders. In most cases the product is contacted by a wheel and the wheel rotation is translated into encoder pulses, these pulses are counted by an electronic counter or by a PLC counter. Depending on the circumference of the wheel and the number of pulses generated for each rotation of the wheel/encoder, the applied calibration factor, etc… the length or speed is measured. In all industries this method of length or speed measuring is used since over 100 years.


encoders wearing out


Not possible to communicate with the sensor by modern communication interfaces.

As far as managing product length, the manufacturer is faced with problems such as: Mr. Nicholas Chua, Sales Manager, SA & SEA-Pac, Proton


Shipping excess material due to slippage


Measuring errors due to product characteristics such as stretch, surface irregularities, etc.

Mechanical Measurement = Reduced Accuracy

Proton Products InteliSENS® SL and SLR Series of NonContact Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) Speed and Length gauges measure products that are made in a continuous process, incl. Wire & Cable. The gauge uses two laser beams to create a laser Doppler fringe on the product surface. Receiving optics collect the reflected Doppler signal which is then processed using Calibration is permanent! a dva n c e d h i g h - s p e e d Digital Signal Processing to ensure the measurement data is accurate, reliable and repeatable.

All contact methods of measuring Speed or Length, are associated with problems, such as:

The gauge measures in the toughest production environments. The gauges are extremely easy to install, set up and integrate into an existing control system, or can be used as a stand-alone system. All outputs are integrated within the Sensor.


reduced accuracy


problems associated with slippage


material stretch inducing large errors


wear of the measuring wheel


contamination of the measuring wheel frequent need

The inteliSENS® SLmini or SLRmini gauge is typically used to measure the length of wire and cable. Applications in process industries are countless. Contact encoders result in low accuracy, over-length giveaways due


Nov-Dec, 2019


pattern to generate a characteristic frequency proportionate with the speed. This frequency is detected by the Avalanche Diode inside the gauge head, and the Digital Signal Processor calculates the speed of the moving product. Typical Applications in the process industries: Speed synchronisation

Cut-to- Length control

Elongation or Speed Ratio

Encoder Calibration

Speed Measurement

Speed Balancing

Inkjet Print Control

Spool Length

Part Length Measurement

to slippage or unwanted product marking, the inteliSENSÂŽ SLmini or SLRmini provides the solution and quick Return on investment.

Return on Investment The Return on Investment (ROI) is often only a few weeks or a few months. The Savings that can be obtained are multi-fold, by:

The gauge emits two laser beams at a moving object and analyses the reflected light to obtain extremely accurate measurements. At the point where the laser beams cross, a pattern of light bars is projected onto the surface of the measured object. This pattern is not discernable to the human eye because it is so fine. The human eye sees just a red dot or red line.


The gauge relies on defects passing through this Doppler bar


l l l l


Minimize Excess Shipping Length Avoid Shipping Shortages Avoid product waste Eliminate costly maintenance Eliminate frequent checks on calibration Minimize machine downtime n

Nov-Dec, 2019


Tata Steel Selects Radyne IT Spring Wire Processing Line for Tarapur Plant Inductotherm Heating & Welding's Radyne UK division has worked closely with the Tata Steel team, resulting in a bespoke line configuration tailored specifically to Tata Steel's requirements. December 25, 2019


nductotherm Heating & Welding has announced the successful factory acceptance of a new Radyne Induction Tempered Spring Wire Processing Line to Tata Steel's Tarapur plant in India. This specific line is designed to harden & temper spring wire with a diameter range of 714mm at a continuous production rate, across all sizes, of 2000kg per hour.

Radyne Induction Tempered Spring Wire Processing Line.

Radyne UK are supplying a new full turn-key spring wire processing line with full project management and technical engineering support. The line will be fully commissioned for production in 2020.

industry to process spring wire used primarily for cold coiling of automotive suspension springs. Inductotherm Group offers advanced technology for the engineering, manufacturing and service of thermal processing equipment used in the melting, heating, heat treating, forging, galvanizing, coating, cutting and welding of metals. n

Radyne UK Spring Wire Lines are globally recognized as the market leader in the IT process. Our equipment is used in a variety of industries, more recently in the automotive

Polycab Plans 100 Experience Centres to Enhance Consumer Connect The first ever Polycab Experience Centres in Mumbai and Pune are providing smart home solutions at one-stop depending on the home buyer's budgets. December 4, 2019


olycab India Ltd. has announced plans to set up 100 Experience Centres in key cities by FY21 to enhance consumer connect with its range of electrical goods and appliances called Fast Moving Electrical Goods (FMEG). The company which entered into the FMEG segment recently is banking on the Experience Centres to provide millennial home buyers smart aspirational digital solutions of the future. As per the company's understanding consumers these days need readymade solutions as they do not have time to move around to select electrical goods. With its first ever Experience Centers at Pune and Mumbai, the company delivers the products and can install them too, if the consumer so desires. But the supplies happen through the local dealers as the company does not want to eat into the business of its distributors and retailers.

The Company will have 25 centres by March 2020 and a 100 by FY21.

integrated solutions. Every Centre will showcase how electrical gadgets can be fitted into the smart homes and be linked in an automated Wi-Fi enabled platform on the mobile phone. n

Manned by the company, these Centres will completely


Nov-Dec, 2019


Ajex & Turner Launches Concentric Extrusion Tips and Dies The Company offers extrusion tips and dies in various shapes and sizes depending on the requirements of the clients.

Concentric Extrusion Tips and Dies.

December 30, 2019

OD & ID concentricity. The tightly maintained concentricity allows wire insulators to meet the demands of today's super thin wall constructions. These tools are made in alloy steel, carbide and diamond as per customer's requirement.


jex & Turner extrusion tips and dies are excellent choice to use in the manufacturing of power cables, control cables, telemetering systems, telecommunications, optical fiber, speaker cables etc.

Ajex & Turner adopts thermal treatment procedures to make all types of extrusion toolings applicable to all type of machineries. n

The company also manufactures extrusion tips and dies in various shapes and sizes. The products are made with very high quality, rust-free steel with tested ideal

Brookfield Infrastructure Partners to Invest in Reliance's Tower Assets A wholly owned RIL unit will invest the amount in Tower Infrastructure Trust that will own 100% of equity capital of Reliance Jio Infratel. December 17, 2019 anada's asset management company, Brookfield Infrastructure Partners LP will invest Rs 25215 crore (USD 3.55 billion) in telecom tower assets of Reliance Industries.


Reliance Industrial Investments and Holdings Limited (RIIHL), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), has entered into binding agreements with Brookfield Infrastructure Partners L.P. and its institutional partners, which will invest the amount in units to be issued by the Tower Infrastructure Trust. As reported in leading daily, after the transaction is completed, the Trust will own 100% of the equity share capital of Reliance Jio Infratel Private Ltd. (RJIPL), the unit that houses the telecom tower assets. n

The deal will help strengthen the balance sheet of Reliance Jio Infocomm.


Nov-Dec, 2019


NTT Plans MIST Submarine Cable to Connect India, Singapore and Myanmar The Company is also known for operating large-scale data centers in Singapore, Myanmar and India. December 17, 2019 lobal technology and services provider NTT Ltd. is planning to lay a new submarine cable connecting Myanmar and India.


The MIST cable system, as it will be called, will have a total length of 11,000km, connecting Singapore, a major Asian hub, Myanmar and India, and will include capacity for future expansion. The investment is worth around $400 million. The announcement comes at a time of what is described as 'surging demand' for global internet links. According to Japanese press reports, the cable will be designed to support 240Tbps with 400 Gbps optical wavelength-division multiplex transmission, capable of transmitting a six-hour high-definition video in one second.

NTT Ltd. also plans to centrally maintain and operate all the landing stations.

It plans to connect the MIST cable landing stations directly to each data centre through large-capacity fibre which it will own, build and operate.

NTT Ltd's current offerings, through cable systems such as Asia Submarine cable Express (ASE), Asia Pacific Gateway (APG), Pacific Crossing -1(PC-1) and JUPITER cables (under construction), provide global connectivity from Asia to the United States. The MIST cable system, along with these existing offerings, will allow NTT Ltd to grow its offering and expand into India and beyond.

As for the timing of the project, NTT points out that the Asian region has experienced accelerated digital investment driven by data centre growth, the proliferation of mobile, 5G services and business expansion of digital platforms, contributing, in turn, to a growth in data traffic across submarine cables. n

METALUBE Launches New Environmentally friendly and VGP Compliant Wire Rope Build Lubricant Rope-Tek™ PBL3700 ECO is specifically formulated from a combination of bio-based, renewable materials complimented with performance additives that are proven to be non-toxic to aquatic organisms. November 25, 2019

Commenting on the launch, Commercial Director, Douglas Hunt says: At Metalube we have always been committed to sustainability and the environmental impact of our products. This high-performance lubricant is specifically formulated from a combination of biobased, renewable materials complimented with performance additives that are proven to be non-toxic to aquatic organisms. Protecting our oceans is now more important than ever and this latest ECO lubricant is certified to the EU Eco-label scheme and is therefore

lobal lubricant manufacturer, Metalube has launched a new wire rope build lubricant that is fully biodegradable and non-toxic to aquatic organisms. Rope-Tek™ PBL3700 ECO has been developed specifically as a build lubricant for wire ropes and is Eco-label certified, fully Vessel General Permit (VGP) compliant and is designed to work in conjunction with the Rope-Tek™ range of lubricants that protect steel wire ropes and umbilical cables, operating in marine environments.



Nov-Dec, 2019

NEWS fully compliant with the USA EPA Vessel General Permit (VGP).” Rope-Tek™ PBL3700 ECO is designed for application during manufacture of wire rope using equipment intended for standard hot melt compounds. The unique chemistry and properties allow application at temperatures as low as 50OC but deliver an operating temperature range of up to 110OC. It has an excellent resistance to moisture and it also protects against corrosion induced failure along with high inherent lubricity that minimizes wear of wires and strands. n Wire Rope Cross Section Detail

METALUBE Aims to be Carbon Neutral by 2020 METALUBE has been developing lubricants that are both safer for the environment and to the end-user. November 12, 2019


s part of its commitment to environmental management, global lubricant leader Metalube has made a pledge to be carbon neutral by 2020. To support this responsibility, Metalube has joined forces with ClimatePartner, an organization which provides companies climate protection solutions: from carbon footprints and climate protection strategies all the way to climate neutral products with the support of international carbon offset projects. Commenting on this green ethos and recent partnership with ClimatePartner, Robert Brown, Managing Director says: “Our company philosophy has always been to support sustainability and has long been concerned with the environmental impact of our products and how the emissions they produce can be reduced. Since 2015, Metalube has been ISO 14001 registered, which formally acknowledges our ongoing commitment to operational sustainability.”

METALUBE is committed towards carbon offset projects.

all CO2 emissions that cannot currently be avoided. The aim is to support economic, ecological and social development in regions with Metalube offices, such as clean ocean initiatives in India, forest conservation in Brazil, and geothermal energy development in Indonesia.

He adds, “In addition, the Metalube technology centre is actively developing future lubricants which are both safer for the environment and to the end-user. Today, we are very proud that those products are now being used in industrial applications around the globe. In production, Metalube is currently making further eco commitments by transitioning our packaging practices away from plastics, and instead using environmentally friendly and recyclable materials.

Robert Brown stated, "As a relatively small industrial business we are making BIG environmental commitments that aim to protect our employees, customers and most importantly the environment that we all live and work in. The efforts we are making in-house combined with our partnership with Climate Partner will, we hope, ensure our longterm sustainability. n

ClimatePartner provides a next step towards increasing the sustainable management of Metalube by offsetting


Nov-Dec, 2019


German Telecom Company Chooses Huawei to Start 5G Network Project The 5G Projects will begin in Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, Cologne and Frankfurt. December 12, 2019 erman network provider Telefonica Deutschland has signed a deal with Huawei to help build its next generation 5G network, ignoring pleas from the Trump administration to block the Chinese telecom company from expanding its reach.


Huawei will partner with Finland's Nokia as suppliers to complete the first part of its radio access network, or RAN. However, Telefonica Deutschland, which operates under the O2 brand in Germany, said the deal is contingent on the technology and companies passing a security certification according to German law.

The projects gets green signal despite Trump's plea to block the Chinese telecom company.

The 5G mobile network — which promises super-fast data speeds with little lag time, and creates a foundation for smart cities, smart traffic lights and smart factories — is

expected to be in place in some cities by the end of 2021, the company said in a statement. n

BSNL and BBNL Receives INR 1500 Crore Fund to Pay Dues to Vendors The Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF), a Rs 50,000 crore strong reserve has released INR 750 crore each to BSNL and BBNL, to make payments to their vendor-partners for deploying the fiber-based network. December 12, 2019 tate-run companies Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) and Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) have finally started to clear their outstanding to vendors and contractors for the mega BharatNet-II program following the release of INR 1500 crore worth of capital by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT).


Delhi-based Aksh OptiFibre had recently said “bankruptcy threat” looms over it due to non-payment of dues of more than Rs 85 crore, mainly towards deliveries to BharatNet-II programme. BSNL also owes nearly Rs 150 crore to Gurgoan-based Vihaan Networks.

BSNL has already cleared more than Rs 300 crore to vendors and contractors on account of BharatNet-II.

The development has come on the close heels of representatives of homegrown companies meeting the telecom secretary Anshu Prakash and seeking the top official's 'immediate intervention' to save financially-stressed domestic firms from collapse.

BSNL and BBNL have already disbursed the payable amount to a few circles including Uttar Pradesh (East) and Madhya Pradesh in accordance to bills approved. n


Nov-Dec, 2019


Government of India Launches National Broadband Mission The mission will facilitate universal and equitable access to broadband services across the country, especially in rural and remote areas. December 17, 2019


he GoI has announced broadband access in all villages by 2022, as it launched the ambitious National Broadband Mission entailing stakeholder investment of INR 7 lakh crore in the coming years. It also involves laying of incremental 30 lakh route km of Optical Fiber Cable and increase in tower density from 0.42 to 1 tower per thousand of population by 2024. The mission unveiled by Communications Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad will also aim at significantly improving quality of services for mobile and internet. The mission also envisages increasing fiberisation of towers to 70 per cent from 30 per cent at present, he added. The National Broadband Mission will enable strengthening of technological infrastructure for education, health, entrepreneurship and development, he said.

Union Minister for Law and Justice Ravi Shankar Prasad during the Launch of the National Broadband Mission at National Media Centre.

digital divide, facilitate digital empowerment and inclusion, and provide affordable and universal access of broadband for all.

The mission will envisage stakeholder investment of USD 100 billion (Rs 7 lakh crore) including Rs 70,000 crore from Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) in coming years. Overall, the broadband mission aims to fast-track growth of digital communications infrastructure, bridge the

The centre will work with states and UTs for having consistent policies pertaining to expansion of digital infrastructure including for Right of Way (RoW) approvals required for laying of optical fibre cable. n

GMP Slovakia Commissions New Plant for Indian Subsidiary GMP Reels India was established in 2013, and it has since been providing the Indian region with top-quality solutions for the wire industry. December 20, 2019 MP Slovakia is one of the leading manufacturers of steel drums, reels, and handling equipment. Cooperating with the major machine suppliers around the world, the widespread network of the Slovak company allows it to provide all its customers with first-class services.


Through its Indian subsidiary, GMP Reels India, the Company has built a new and bigger plant in Nashik. With a surface area of 3,000 m2, the new plant features two presses (150 Ton and 300 Ton), two straightening machines, two balancing machines (to balance reels up to 50 m/s) one paint booth, as well as traditional machinery such as lathes and welding machines.

Company's second manufacturing plant, GMP Reels India, is located in Nashik, India

for the wire industry: with state-of-the-art machinery and a solid expertise in reel production, this company is the right choice for quality handling equipment. n

GMP Reels India was established in 2013 and it has since been providing the Indian region with top-quality solutions


Nov-Dec, 2019


LS Cable & System to Build Communication Module Factory in India - With major infrastructure projects taking place across India, LS Cable & System is looking forward to invest in the Indian cable market. November 21, 2019


S Cable & System will establish a communication module production line in India in order to strengthen its push for Indian market, which has been growing rapidly. According to wire industry sources, LS Cable's Indian subsidiary LSCI is planning to build a 6,000-square-meter communication module plant on the remaining site located in Bawal Industrial Complex in northern India next year. In particular, the company is showing a marked growth in the ultra-high-pressure cable market, which won the right to participate in the project in 2017. Although LSCI's market share of ultra-high pressure cables in India stood at 5 percent in 2017, it has risen to 30 percent this year.

The communication module production line will be built in 2020.

Narendra Modi, industrialization and urbanization are expected to proceed at a faster pace, and that the electric wire-related market is also likely to grow significantly due to the expansion of infrastructure networks." n

Noting that India is a market that just woke up, CEO Myung said, "With the re-election of Indian Prime Minister

Chennai-Andaman Submarine Cable System Project to Be Completed By 2020 The cable system will provide the A&N Islands with sufficient bandwidth for supporting voice and data connectivity. November 12, 2019


he Chennai-Andaman and Nicobar Islands (CANI) submarine cable systems project is expected to be completed by 2020, an official of the Japan-based NEC Corporation, the company implementing the 2,300 km long undersea project, said. A submarine communications cable is a cable laid on the seabed between land-based stations to transmit telecommunication signals across stretches of ocean and sea. Earlier, the state-run Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited had placed an order with NEC Technologies India Pvt. Ltd. (NECTI) to design, engineer, supply, install, test and implement an optical submarine cable system connecting Tamil Nadu's capital Chennai and the union territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands (A&N Islands) in the Bay of Bengal.

The submarine cable and repeaters cable have been manufactured and it will take another one year to be completed.

Japan and provide technical assistance during the turnkey implementation, Atushi Kuwahara, Head of Administration, Submarine Network Division, NEC Corporation told PTI in Tokyo. n

NEC Corporation, the parent company of NECTI, will manufacture the optical submarine cable at its facility in


Nov-Dec, 2019


New Power Sector Distribution Scheme to Have Capital Outlay of INR 2 Trillion The scheme will replace Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana, which concludes in March 2020. December 7, 2019


new power sector scheme aimed at better infrastructure, smart meters, and a private franchisee model for improving power supply in states is likely have an estimated capital outlay of INR 2-2.5 trillion. UDAY did not entail direct grants from the Centre to states. Of the several suggestions for the scheme, sources said it was likely to be called ADITYA — Atal Distribution Transformation Yojana — named after the late prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. n

Power transmission lines.

India Likely to Have Energy Surplus of 5.8 Percent in FY 2019-20: CEA The demand for power has decreased in the country along with the slowing economy. December 9, 2019


n its latest load generation balance report (LGBR), the Central Energy Authority (CEA) has projected that India's anticipated power supply position for the year 2019-20 would reflect a surplus of 5.8 percent (80.38 billion units) and a peak surplus of 8.4% (15.9 GW). As reported in Mercom India, it is projected that Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Daman & Diu, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, DVC, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura, and Sikkim are likely to have both peak and energy surplus on an annual basis. The CEA has also set a gross energy generation target or 1,330 billion units for the year 2019-20.

Meanwhile, Punjab, Chhattisgarh, and Manipur are expected to have surplus power annually. For meeting the peak deficit, these states could arrange for power from states which generate surplus power if they choose.

likely to have demand-supply gaps in energy and peaking, and these can be offset by arranging power from states with surplus power through various existing market mechanisms. n

The report stated that all other states in the country are


Nov-Dec, 2019


5G Coverage Will Span Two Thirds of Global Population in 6 Years Ericsson has estimated that more than 13 million customers in China will have signed up to 5G subscriptions by the end of 2019. November 25, 2019 wedish telecoms giant Ericsson has predicted that superfast 5G internet will cover up to 65 percent of the world's population by the end of 2025.


In a report published, the company — which is just one supplier of 5G infrastructure and equipment — said 5G would handle 45 percent of global mobile data traffic within six years. The number of 5G mobile contracts around the world will top 2.6 billion by the mid-2020s, Ericsson said, with consumers expected to increase their average monthly consumption of mobile data from 7.2 GB to 24 GB. China switched on its 5G networks ahead of schedule earlier this month, with China Telecom, China Unicom and China Mobile all offering 5G mobile plans. The country's government is already starting development of a 6G network. n

In 2020, 5G-compatible devices will enter the volume market, which will scale up 5G adoption.

Power Grid and Other Public Sectors Facing AGR Burden Planning on Joint Forum Power Grid's telecom revenue is just 2 percent of its total revenue with almost 95 of the revenue flowing from power transmission operations. November 28, 2019


ublic sector companies such as Power Grid, Railtel, GAIL, OIL, and DMRC may form a joint forum to oppose any move by Department of Telecommunications (DoT) to seek additional license for their limited telecom and internet service operations on the basis of recent Supreme Court ruling on adjusted gross revenue (AGR). On October 24, the Supreme Court ruled that AGR for telcos should include all revenue accrued to carriers, including that from non-core activities, backing the DoT's stance in a 16-year-old case but putting additional license fee burden of Rs 92000 crore on telecom companies. As per media reports, Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd (PGCIL) has paid license fee of Rs 59 crore (8 percent of revenue) to DoT for ISP and NLD services as per the terms of the contract on telecom revenue of Rs 742 crore. Power Grid's telecom revenue is just 2 percent of its total revenue with almost 95 of the revenue flowing from power transmission operations.

Power Grid, with its brand name 'POWERTEL' represent telecom business.

As per industry sources, if AGR is calculated as per new DoT definition, Power Grid itself would require to fork out over Rs 40,000 crore. The impact would be much higher for GAIL and other non-telecom PSUs. Total dues from these non-telecom companies could work out to over Rs 1.5 lakh crore. n


Nov-Dec, 2019


BSNL Plans to Invite Bids From Global Firms For 4G Gear The Company is planning to deploy more than 50,000 new 4G mobile sites at 70,000 locations. November 23, 2019 tate-run Bharat Sanchar Nigam (BSNL) plans to soon invite bids from multinational gear makers including Huawei, Ericsson, Nokia and ZTE to purchase equipment for its fourth-generation (4G) commercial roll-out which is expected in six months.


As reported in a leading daily, BSNL chairman Pravin Kumar Purwar stated that BSNL will come out with an open tender and allow all vendors to participate. No vendors will be excluded, and everybody will be free to participate. The telecommunications company will spend Rs 1200 crore on network equipment over a two-year period. The telco plans to launch the data network in the first half of 2020 and, as part of a phased approach, is currently ramping up its existing network even as it prepares the contours of the tender offer. n BSNL has recently received Rs 74,000-crore revival package from the government.

EU Approves State Aid for EUR 3 Billion National Broadband Plan The European Commission has granted state aid approval to the National Broadband Plan. November 25, 2019


ational Broadband Ireland (NBI), which was established by investment firm Granahan McCourt, has signed a deal with the Irish government to deliver the country's National Broadband Plan (NBP). The investment firm that specializes in digital communications is to start deploying the Irish network after the European Commission cleared the deal. The scheme will involve laying 146,000km of fiber cable to connect every one of the 537,000 premises in the project's roll-out area. n

The full deployment across 96% of Ireland's land mass is recognized as one of the most ambitious telecom infrastructure projects globally.


Nov-Dec, 2019


Sterlite Power Acquires Green Energy Transmission Corridor Project The acquisition of Lakadia - Vadodara Transmission Project marks the 14th addition to company's domestic project portfolio. December 5, 2019 terlite Power has acquired inter-state GEC transmission project, Lakadia-Vadodara Transmission Project (LVTPL), from PFC Consulting. The company had won this project (WRSS 21 – Part B) through tariff-based competitive bidding process and would execute it under the Build, Own, Operate and Maintain (BOOM) model for 35 years in the state of Gujarat.


The project is aligned to enable the country's renewable energy target of installing 175 GW RE by 2022 and connects the wind energy zones of Bhuj in Gujarat to the load centres in the States of Gujarat and Maharashtra.

The project will facilitate RE target of 175GW.

projects to 22 states with a cumulative transmission line network of more than 9000 ckms and 16,000 MVA transformation capacity. n

With the acquisition of this project, the company has increased its domestic footprint in inter-state transmission

Government Urges Utilities to Consider Underground Laying of Cables The issue came to light after a petition was filed with the NGT seeking conservation of Great Indian Bustard to save them from extinction. November 29, 2019


o protect the ''critically'' endangered Great Indian Bustard, the Centre has asked electricity companies to consider underground laying of high-voltage wires as the birds have died after coming in contact with power lines. Noting that a miniscule population of less than 150 Great Indian Bustards was left in the country, a committee constituted on the directions of the National Green Tribunal, has decided to have a time-bound action plan to implement mitigation measures such as installation of bird diverters and their regular maintenance, and monitoring by power agencies. The report had compiled various studies conducted by researchers across the country on GIBs.

The GIBs are dying at the rate of 15 per cent annually after coming in contact with high-voltage power lines.

transmission lines at the rate of 10 birds per km per month totaling nearly one lakh bird deaths annually in 4200 sq km. n

As per researchers, apart from the GIB, many other birds also die because of collision or electrocution with these


Nov-Dec, 2019


Prysmian Introduces Breakthrough Innovation for Telecom Broadband Development World's first 180 micron bend insensitive fiber pushes dimensions to an unprecedented lower level. Miniaturized optical cables are key to sustain future digital developments. December 16, 2019


rysmian Group has introduced a bend insensitive single-mode optical fiber with 180µm outer diameter. Prysmian's BendBrightXS 180µm will enable an unprecedented level of cable miniaturization and confirms Prysmian commitment to support the evolution of highdensity optical networks. BendBrightXS 180 µm diameter fiber will enable new cable systems with extreme fiber density and smaller diameter. In 2009, Prysmian introduced BendBrightXS 200µm, the firstever commercialized bend insensitive single-mode optical fiber, especially designed for high density access networks. Since then, reduced diameter fibers have opened an innovative gateway for many new cable systems applicable to a variety of network configurations. With its advanced ColorLock-XS coating system, BendBrightXS 180 µm ensures excellent bending performance and mechanical reliability. n

Bend insensitive fibre optic cables are a crucial part of the world's shift towards flexible and reliable connectivity.

Prysmian to Develop New Submarine Cable Link for Red Eléctrica De España The New Interconnector will Upgrade the Canary Islands' Power Grids. December 12, 2019


rysmian Group has been awarded a new contract worth of about EUR 27 million by Red Eléctrica de España (REE), the Spanish transmission system operator (TSO), to connect two Canary Islands (Lanzarote and Fuerteventura). The project involves the design, supply, installation and commissioning of a 132 kV HVAC (High Voltage Alternating Current) three-core submarine and land power cable system with XLPE insulation. The turn-key interconnection will link Playa Blanca, in the island of Lanzarote, to La Oliva, in the island of Fuerteventura, covering a submarine route of around 14 km and an underground route of around 2 km.

Delivery and commissioning of the project are scheduled for 2021.

and manufacturing excellence located in Arco Felice (Italy) and Vilanova (Spain). Installation activities will be performed by one of the Group's state-of-the-art cable laying vessels. n

The submarine and land cables will be manufactured, respectively, at Prysmian Group's centres of technological


Nov-Dec, 2019


QIA Deal may Renew Foreign Interest in Power Distribution Adani Transmission has signed an agreement with a subsidiary of Qatar Investment Authority. December 12, 2019


atar Investment Authority's (QIA) plans to invest in Adani Electricity Mumbai, the first by a foreign investor in power distribution, indicate renewed overseas interest in India's beleaguered power sector, but the mood is still cautious as fundamental challenges persist. The power distribution sector is heavily regulated in India, with most power distribution companies (DISCOMs) still under the control of state government-owned utilities. With these DISCOMs dealing with huge debts and muted cash flows, the entire supply chain is still under pressure. But industry players believe that QIA's investment will prompt long-term overseas investors to re-look at opportunities in the country, albeit selectively.

The deal includes selling of 25.1% stake in Adani Electricity Mumbai.

stake in Adani Electricity Mumbai. A shareholder subordinated debt investment is also part of the deal in which QIA's total investment is pegged at Rs 3,200 crore. n

Adani Transmission has also announced that it has signed an agreement with a subsidiary of QIA to sell 25.1 per cent

Government Plans Ordinance to Ensure Power Pacts are Honored The plan comes at a time of investor uncertainty about contracts and delayed payments by state distribution companies. December 12, 2019


he Centre plans to take a major initiative in the power sector with an ordinance to ensure sanctity of contracts, restrict cross-subsidization of consumers and force utilities to pay their bills on time, a move that can go a long way in making electricity generation and distribution attractive for investors. The planned ordinance would also deal with crucial issues of independence of electricity regulators and quick finalization of tariffs based on costs – measures that were originally planned as amendments to the Electricity Act of 2003. States have been opposing these amendments for the past 3-4 years.

The Centre is working at bringing fairness, transparency and supporting the investment climate in the power sector.

The proposal comes after the new governments in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra refused to honor power purchase agreements, leaving investors jittery. Power minister RK Singh and top officials of his ministries have been asking Andhra Pradesh to refrain from renegotiating renewable power contracts to avoid sending wrong signals

to domestic and global investment communities. After the proposed amendment, the parties to power contracts will not be allowed to stop supplying or taking electricity even in case of a dispute, till the time it is settled. n


Nov-Dec, 2019


Odisha Government to Privatize Four State-Owned Power Distribution Firms The potential sales would be the first transaction since the 2003 privatization of power distribution in Delhi.


n the first such move in nearly two decades in India's power sector, the State government of Odisha is set to privatize four state-owned electricity distribution companies, said two people aware of the development. While Crisil has been given the mandate for managing the sale of Western Electricity Supply Utility of Odisha Ltd (WESCO) and Southern Electricity Supply Utility of Odisha Ltd (SOUTCO); Deloitte has the mandate for North Eastern Electricity Supply Company of Odisha Ltd (NESCO). The drive is headed by Odisha Electricity Regulatory Commission (OERC). In a related development, Tata Power Co. Ltd. has emerged as the sole contender to acquire Central Electricity Supply Utility of Odisha (CESU Odisha). PricewaterhouseCoopers is managing the sale of CESU. n

The decision comes in the backdrop of the NDA government's ambitious target of generating INR 1.05 trillion from asset sales in the current fiscal year.

Engineering Industry Slams Steel Import Rule The Engineering Exports Promotion Council of India (EEPC) has been lobbying hard against the levy of a registration fee for the import of iron and steel products, which it has termed as unnecessary. November 19, 2019


he Narendra Modi government's decision to insist on compulsory registration for the import of iron and steel products has been slammed by an industry forum on the ground that this would raise raw material costs for user industries. In response to the strident criticism of the move, the government has decided to extend the time period for registration under the Steel Import Monitoring System (SIMS). In September, the government had made it mandatory for traders to register themselves with SIMS to import 215 iron and steel products from November 21. These items include certain flat-rolled products; some stranded wire, ropes, cables; certain items of springs and leaves for springs of iron and steel; tubes, pipes and hollow profiles; diesel-electric locomotives; and some parts of railways. n

The trade body has, so far, not notified the effective date from when the new norms would become effective.


Nov-Dec, 2019


Equinor Signs Agreement With Prysmian for Supply of Inter-Array Cables for Empire Wind Project The agreement with Prysmian will help ensure that Empire Wind brings affordable and renewable energy to New Yorkers as efficiently as possible. December 5, 2019


rysmian Group and Equinor has signed an agreement for the supply of the submarine inter–array cable system for the Empire Wind project, an 816 MW offshore wind project in New York. Prysmian Group will provide the 66 kV XLPE-insulated inter-array cable system that will transmit power from the wind turbines with a capacity in the range of 10-15 MW. Prysmian Group will be responsible for the design, supply and storage of approximately 150 km of 66 kV XLPEinsulated inter-array cables, which will transmit twice the current industry standard ensured by 33 kV systems.

The construction of the cable system's power cores is set to begin by December 2019.

The extensive cable system will undergo continuous fabrication at Prysmian's centers of excellence in Montereau (France) and Nordenham (Germany) and its completion is expected in the summer of 2022 and the final installation in

2023 or 2024. Prysmian Group is consolidating its leading role in the US offshore wind industry, providing customers with cutting-edge technologies and expertise, supporting them throughout the entire project life cycle. n

Prysmian Secures New Project for Offshore Wind Farm Grid Connections in UK Awarded by EDF renewables, the contract confirms Prysmian's leading role and capability to support the growing renewable energy industry. November 28, 2019 Prysmian Group has been awarded a contract worth in excess of 100 million by EDF Renewables for the development of submarine and land power cable systems to connect the Neart na Gaoithe (NnG) offshore wind farm to the Scottish mainland power grid. The NnG offshore wind farm, located 15.5 km off the Fife coast, will generate 450 MW of green and renewable energy to supply clean and cost-competitive power to around 375,000 Scottish homes.

Installation and completion of the project are scheduled for 2021.

Prysmian will provide its comprehensive turn-key approach for the design, supply, installation, and commissioning of two HVAC 220 kV three-core extruded export submarine cables with single-wire armoring which will reach land at Thorntonloch beach in East Lothian, Scotland. Prysmian will also provide two 220 kV extruded land cables circuits that will link the landfall area to the substation at Crystal Rig and two 400 kV extruded land cables circuits to link the Crystal Rig substation to the Scottish Power's substation. The project will cover a

submarine cables route of 38 km and underground cables route of around 12 km. Submarine cables will be produced at Prysmian's centre of excellence in Pikkala (Finland) and installed in 2021, while land cables will be manufactured in Gron (France) and installed in 2020 and 2021. The offshore cable operations will be performed with one of Prysmian Group's state-ofthe-art cable laying vessels. n


Nov-Dec, 2019

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