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Table of Contents Chair’s Report

1

Executive Director’s Report

2

This Year’s Highlights

4

Research Highlights

8

Organizational Overview

10

Research Funding by Project

15

PRC Funding

23

Facility Usage

25

Evidence of Productivity

26

Refereed Papers in Scholarly Journals

26

Conference Presentations (Abstracts)

28

Scientific and Industry Presentations

30

Industry Reports

36

Trade Publications

36

Books and Book Chapters

37

Patents

Acronyms Used

38

Notes

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Chair’s Report Teaching remains a cornerstone of the PRC and the abilities of the graduate students at both the MSc and PhD levels are a solid indicator that we are continuing to excel in this area. Their passion and enthusiasm when discussing their work is contagious.The quality of students at the PRC is a reflection of the excellent teachers and inspiring learning environment at the PRC. The students’ excellence is also reflected in awards they receive nationally and internationally including awards from the Poultry Science Association during their Annual Meeting last year. During the past year, the Poultry Research Centre (PRC) continued to face the challenges posed by the ongoing economic climate where financial resources are increasingly difficult to obtain. The staff of the PRC has again shown that they are willing and able to meet these challenges with hard work and diligent management. On behalf of the Advisory Board of Directors, I want to thank you all for your efforts. Congratulations are in order for Drs. Jianping Wu and Mirko Betti for having been granted tenure by the University of Alberta. In addition to rewarding their individual efforts, this achievement shows the success of the original concept of the PRC which included the addition of value-added poultry product research and researchers to the existing group. Their research and teaching abilities have contributed to the overall success of the PRC and will give us momentum as we prepare for the future. The departure of Dr. Fasenko for a new academic position in the United States left the PRC without an embryologist. To fill the gap, the PRC established an international collaboration with Dr. Sander Lourens from Wageningen UR Livestock Research. Dr. Lourens visited the PRC in the fall of 2010. During the visit, he met with representatives from hatcheries in Alberta, gave seminars to PRC researchers and guests, taught an undergraduate course, and met with graduate students. Dr. Lourens and the PRC researchers developed a plan for future research and educational collaborations.

At the end of 2010, one of our original Advisory Board members, Lloyd Johnston, passed away. Lloyd was always a very capable and enthusiastic supporter of the PRC and the concept of industry support for research. His advice and guidance will be greatly missed in many parts of the industry. Now that the PRC has established a framework of success based on collaborative funding from industry, university and funding consortiums, it is vital that we do not lose this momentum as we head into the next five years. Governments are no longer willing to be the sole supporters of research and are going to expect to see solid commitments from all industry participants before they come to the table. I urge all of our members to encourage the organizations which they represent to continue with their excellent support for the Poultry Research Centre.

Don Copeland, Chair

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Director’s Report non-food) and poultry health. This valuable feedback will assist the PRC in the development of a strategic proposal and plan for the PRC’s 2012-2017 operations.

“It takes a village to raise a child.” It takes a community of dedicated individuals from the university, industry and government with a vision for a sustainable poultry industry in Alberta and Canada to create a successful partnership that will take the poultry industry into a bright and prosperous future. In 1986, 25 years ago, a group of poultry industry stakeholders and leaders agreed that they needed to unite their efforts to create a better future for the poultry industry in Alberta. As a result, they established the Poultry Research Centre. What has started as a small group of three researchers and four technicians has grown to a collaborative community of almost 90 researchers, graduate students, and staff who conduct research, provide learning opportunities for students and professionals, and transfer knowledge. With industry, funders, government and university leaders on the PRC Board of Directors, the Centre is aligned with industry needs and priorities and well supported financially. In October 2010, the PRC Board directed the PRC to engage the poultry industry and poultry stakeholders in discussion on R&D strategic priorities for the next five years. In February 2011, the PRC organized an R&D Industry Priorities Forum to learn about industry issues and to discuss opportunities, priorities and research needs that could be addressed through research at the PRC. The priority themes focused on consumer confidence, enabling and supporting sustainable production systems, developing or producing enhanced value-added products (food and

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2010-2011 was very productive for the PRC Team: the team attracted over $2.5 million dollars for research, conducted 37 research projects and trained 41 graduate students, 16 Post Doctoral Fellows and Research Associates. Our researchers and students published 34 research papers in peer reviewed journals and delivered 43 presentations at scientific conferences as well as 99 presentations at scientific and industry meetings. Drs. Betti and Wu obtained 3 patents for innovations. To read more about our research results and learning at the PRC, see the PRC Annual Report. We were very honoured this year by two Awards established at the Poultry Research Centre. Our Chairman, Don Copeland, and his wife, Mary Ann Copeland, established a Graduate Student Travel Award. This award will enable a graduate student to travel to share research findings with poultry stakeholders. Thank you, Don. Thank you, Mary Ann. We are grateful and humbled by your generous gift. The Alberta Chicken Producers funded a Graduate Award in honour of Lloyd Johnston, former General Manager of the Alberta Chicken Producers, who passed away on December 22, 2010. Lloyd was a member of the PRC Board, a strong supporter of the Centre and a valued colleague and friend to many of us at the PRC. Every year, over the next 7 years, one student with first class academic standing will be recognized for excellence in research and learning by the Lloyd Johnston Award. Thank you to the PRC Researchers, Students, Staff and collaborators for all your hard work in searching for real solutions to the very real challenges facing our poultry industry and in creating an inspiring environment for research, learning and sharing knowledge. Thank you to our Board of Directors for their guidance in staying relevant to what is important.


I would like to take the opportunity to thank our partners who provide financial support to our Centre: The University of Alberta Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development Alberta Livestock and Meat Agency Alberta Chicken Producers Alberta Egg Producers Egg Farmers of Canada Alberta Hatching Egg Producers Alberta Turkey Producers Lilydale Inc. Maple Leaf Foods Sparks Farms Burnbrae Farms

Yes, it takes a village to raise a child‌‌

Iwona Pawlina, Executive Director

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This Year’s Highlights The PRC Students take Centre Stage The Poultry Research Centre Team attended the Poultry Science (PSA) Annual Meeting in Denver, CO on July 11-15, 2010 and delivered 14 presentations. Every year, our PRC Team brings back prestigious awards in recognition of their contributions to poultry science. We would like to congratulate Ms. Cibele Torres (Dr. Korver), Ms. Melissa Johnson (Dr. Korver) and Ms. Jacky Chan (Dr. Betti) who won student Certificates of Excellence Awards for Graduate student oral presentation. Ms. Jacky Chan also won the Aviagen Turkeys Communication Award (for Excellence in Turkey

Research). These awards are given to the top 10% of student presentations at the PSA Annual Meeting. The Poultry Science Association (PSA) is a global scientific society dedicated to discovery and dissemination of knowledge generated by poultry research that enhances human and animal health and well-being and provides for the ethical, sustainable production of food. Established in 1908, the PSA has maintained a level of prestige that ranks it among the top professional organizations in the field. (www.poultryscience.org)

From the left: Airell DesLauriers, Dr. Doug Korver, Cibele Torres, Dr. Ali Phishamazi, Melissa Johnson, Dr. Martin Zuidhof, Thania Moraes, Dr. Jennifer Saunders-Blade, Sandeep Nain, Dr. Rob Renema, Jacob Hamidu, Jacky Chan, Dulal Paul and Mojtaba Yegani.

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…. And the CPRC Award goes to….

Dr. Clover Bench Joins the PRC Team

In June 2010, Kathleen Vail received the 2010 CPRC scholarship supplement. CPRC, in cooperation with NSERC, is offering a supplement to recipients of NSERC postgraduate scholarships. Kathleen started her MSc program in September 2009 under supervision of Dr. Lynn McMullen. Her project is investigating physiological responses of Listeria monocytogenes to environmental conditions (oxygen level, temperature, osmolarity, pH) commonly experienced during meat processing.

The Chair of the Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science, Dr. Erasmus Okine, announced the appointment of Dr. Clover Bench, Assistant Professor (contract), Applied Ethology as of September 1, 2010. There is increasing public scrutiny concerning the impact that modern production systems have on the health and welfare of food producing animals. With the recent appointment of Dr. Clover Bench, the PRC is now better positioned to take on some of these emerging issues.


Recent Graduates: We are very proud of our recent graduates and we wish them all the best in their future careers. Ms. Jacky Chan (Dr. Mirko Betti) completed MSc project titled “Protein functionality in turkey meat”. Jacky’s research focused on pale, soft and exudative (PSE) condition in turkey meat known to affect meat quality and production of processed foods. Jacky studied the biochemical, functional, rheological, and textural properties of proteins in turkey breast meat at different pH levels under fresh and frozen conditions. She reported that meat with low and normal pH had similar properties suggesting similar extent of protein denaturation. Jacky also reported lower water holding capacity in meat with low pH. However, the high pH meat had similar or better functional properties than normal pH meat. When high pressure processing was applied, the water holding capacity and gel forming ability of low pH meat have improved. Ms. Deborah Yu (Dr. Wendy Wismer) completed MSc project titled “Consumer and sensory perceptions of black bone discoloration in broiler chickens”. Deborah interviewed consumers and Canadian poultry processors to understand the overall perception of bone-in chicken. She reported that food safety, eating quality, price, health and convenience were revealed as the most important values associated with chicken meat. Black bone discolorations did not greatly influence consumer acceptance of broiler meat, nor did it appear to negatively impact the poultry industry as complaints were reported rarely. Modifying broiler bone growth rate through dietary treatments did not significantly alter the sensory properties of the meat or reduce the incidence of discoloration. Mr. Jacob Hamidu (Drs. Leluo Guan and Dan Barreda) completed PhD project titled “Biological Factors Affecting Poultry Embryo Quality” . Jacob investigated reduced embryonic performance in commercial broiler and turkey incubation. He studies physiological, cellular and molecular changes arising from genetic selection, parent flock age and or egg storage on embryonic metabolism, cell viability and gene expression in two poultry species. Jacob measured Embryonic Heat

Production to evaluate metabolic status of two turkey genetic strains (Nicholas and Hybrid) and four flock ages (30, 34, 55 and 60 weeks). Jacob’s research has showed that embryos of older flocks had higher Embryonic Heat Production than all other flock ages suggesting that embryos from older flocks could be overheating during the later part of incubation. The Embryonic Heat Production concept could assist incubator manufacturers and hatchery managers tailor incubation temperatures to increase embryo survival. Jacob also monitored Embryonic Heat Production in two Ross 308 broiler breeder egg storage over 4 days and 14 days to assess the impact of long-term egg storage on embryonic metabolism. He observed that an increment in egg storage duration can cause activation of apoptotic cell death mechanisms at the blastodermal level, which can be one of the molecular mechanisms that led to the reduced daily embryonic growth and metabolism observed in 14 d stored eggs. The results of the thesis suggest that there are molecular and cellular implications of long-term egg storage that could lead to reduced embryo quality and lowered hatchability. Therefore, longer storage of eggs should be minimized if possible. Mr. Sen Li (Dr. Jianping Wu) completed MSc thesis titled “Reduction of allergenicity of egg white proteins by fermentation” Egg is one of the major food allergens that affects 1.6~3.2% of the infants and young children population. Sen Li applied lactobacilli or Aspergillus oryzae fermentation to reduce the egg white allergenicity. Egg whites were fermented by Lactobacilli sanfranciscensis, Lactobacilli sakei, and Lactobacilli delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii individually for 96 hours; and Aspergillus oryzae for 120 hours. Sen Li reported that the allergenicity of egg white was significantly reduced (~50%) by Lactobacilli delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii after 48 hours of incubation and almost eliminated by Aspergillus oryzae after 24 hours of inoculation. In addition to slight modification of ovomucoid (the dominant egg allergen), no substantial protein degradation was observed during fermentation.

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This Year'’s Highlights (cont.) Yuliya Hrynets (Dr. Betti) completed MSc Thesis titled “Protein isolates from mechanically Separated Turkey meat”. Consumer preference has shifted over the years from purchasing whole birds to poultry parts such as breasts, thighs and wings. The remaining edible material tissues are extracted through mechanical separation to produce Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat, a finely ground, paste -like product. A new technology, based on acid solubilization with the aid of citric acid and calcium chloride has been developed to recover proteins and remove fat and pigments from Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat to make the resulting product more acceptable for the production of furtherprocessed meat products.

of the production parameters, total egg mass. Feed treatments may have a greater effect on female broiler breeder efficiency than previously suggested.

Student Awards: Jacky Chan— Award of Excellence for poster presentations and Aviagen Award for Excellence in turkey research at the Joint Annual Meeting of Animal Science Associations which was held in Denver, Colorado (U.S.) from July 11 to 15th, 2010 Cibele Torres – 2010 Best Poster Award (Industry choice), Poultry Research Center AGM, University of Alberta, Canada

Cibele Torres – Graduate Student presentation award (top 10% of student presentations) at the Poultry Science Association Annual Meeting, July 11-15, 2010, Denver, CO, Yuliya determined optimal levels of citric acid for maximum USA removal of total, neutral and polar lipids and for heme Melissa Johnson – Graduate Student presentation award pigments removal. Yuliya also studied chemical, functional (top 10% of student presentations) at the Poultry Science and rheological properties of proteins isolated from Association Annual Meeting, July 11-15, 2010, Denver, CO, Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat as influenced by USA different extraction pH. Gel-forming ability was found the highest for pH 3.5 extracted protein. Melissa Johnson – Alberta Ingenuity PhD Scholarship Erica Holm (Dr. Robinson) graduated from the MSc Program. She studied the optimization of Broiler Chicken Carcass Uniformity through Maternal Management and Nutrition”.

Thania Moraes – 2010 Best Poster Award , Poultry Research Center AGM, University of Alberta, Canada

Consumer prefer cut-up and value-added poultry meat products over a whole bird. To meet the new demand, broilers have been selected for rapid growth, high breast meat yield and high feed efficiency; however, high breast yield broiler flocks have poor body weight uniformity. Variation in broiler body weight uniformity decreases production efficiency for processors as their automated processing equipment requires carcasses to be within a narrow body weight range.

Sahar Navidghasemizad - PRC Graduate Student Assistantship

Erica investigated if pullet feed management and hen nutrition can improve breeder flock uniformity, chick quality and broiler uniformity. She observed that feed treatments had a significant effect on female body weight and carcass trait uniformity at 22 weeks of age, with sorting and scatter treatments having the highest uniformity estimates, compared to limited daily, skip-a-day and fibre-dilute programs. Feed and premix treatments did not affect traits after 22 weeks or age as individual caging at 22 weeks of age unified female body weight uniformity across all treatments. Feed treatments did not affect the uniformity of age at sexual maturity, first egg characteristics or production parameters. Premix treatment resulted in decreased shell uniformity and increased uniformity of one

Ali Akbari - AFNS Fall 2010 Differential Tuition Scholarships

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Sen Li - PRC Graduate Student Assistantship

Wenlin Yu - AFNS Winter 2010 Differential Tuition Scholarships Chamila Nimalaratne AFNS Winter 2010 Differential Tuition Scholarships Yuchen Gu - AFNS Winter 2010 Differential Tuition Scholarships

Justina Zhang - AFNS Fall 2010 Differential Tuition Scholarships Kaustav Majumder - 2010 Best Poster Award (Viewer’s choice), Poultry Research Centre AGM, University of Alberta, Canada Aman Ullah - 1st Prize award in Biorefining Conversion Network (BCN) post doctoral category oral presentation, November 25, 2010 Nandika Bandara - 2nd Place Prize in Biorefining Conversions Network (BCN) Graduate Student oral presentation, November 25, 2010


Staff Awards Doug Korver – Agriculture Club Teacher of the Year Award 2010 Doug Korver – Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science Graduate Student Mentor Award 2010 Frank Robinson - Named to the AFHE “Teaching Wall of Fame, 2010 Frank Robinson - Student’s Union – Gold Key Award Martin Zuidhof – Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science Teaching Wall of Fame Jianping Wu – 2nd place Winner at the 2010 Institute of Food Technologies (IFT)’s George F. Stewart IFT International Research Paper Competition, July 17-20, Chicago, USA

Welcome Home, Yolky Dokey! On April 30, 2010, Yolky Dokey was officially adopted by the Poultry Research Centre. For years Yolky Dokey has been educating Canadians about the importance of eating breakfast and incorporating eggs into their diets as part of the Egg Producers’ “Get Cracking” campaign. In 2010, the Alberta Egg Producers decided that Yolky has earned his retirement and the Poultry Research Centre has been chosen as the best place for Yolky to continue to have the opportunity to interact with young Canadians.

Brenda Schneider, Frank Robinson, Robert Renema, Martin Zuidhof, Nick Wolanski, Dana Penrice and Kerry Nadeau Dukie Award, ARD Extension Award for Cluck! The Science Behind the Hen House Doors

The PRC Team attends Alberta Poultry Industry Annual General Meetings The PRC Graduate Students, Researchers and Staff attended the Alberta Poultry Industry Annual General Meetings on March 1, 2011 in Red Deer. Thirty five PRC participants had the opportunity to learn about current issues affecting poultry industry in Alberta and Canada and to share their research outcomes with the industry and stakeholders.

Mojtaba Yeganie, Dr. Doug Korver, Yolkey Dokey, Cibele Torres and Kerry Nadeau.

Edith Mba presenting her poster

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Research Highlights Can beta-glucan replace salt in processed meats? McMullen is attempting to control listeria in ready-to-eat Food scientist Mirko Betti may have scored a major victory in the battle to reduce sodium in processed meats while maintaining their texture. Betti and his team found that beta-glucan can be used to partially replace sodium in processed chicken breast meat while maintaining the texture consumers expect. Sodium is a common additive used in the meat industry for its ability to add texture and flavour. However, recent studies have increasingly shown a link between the overconsumption of sodium and increased risks of hypertension and cardio-vascular disease. In an attempt to reduce sodium and eliminate phosphates, which some producers have been using in processed meat products to reduce sodium, Betti and his team tested betaglucan derived from oats in temperature assisted high pressure processing of reduced sodium ground chicken breast meat. The processing method, which is a relatively new technology, combined with the beta-glucan substitution, lead to a reduction of more than half the sodium content while maintaining the meat’s texture. Indeed, in laboratory experiments, sodium was reduced from 2.5 per cent of the processed meat to one per cent with 0.3 per cent betaglucan.

meat products via interventions such as post packaging pasteurization, a technology that could be more cost effective and readily adopted by small to medium sized processors.

McMullen and her students have also used cultures of lactic acid bacteria to control Listeria in fresh meat products. When combined with antimicrobials, the bacteria are able to prevent the growth and even kill listeria. This finding is significant for industry because most current chemical or microbial interventions simply prevent growth. Application of these of intervention strategies will help to reduce incidents of foodborne illness and will provide industry with validated tools to produce safer products for consumers.

Exploring the health benefits of egg proteins New research at the Poultry Research Centre on the bioactive proteins contained in eggs is generating encouraging results. Ovomucin, the primary contributor to the viscous nature of egg whites, is showing promise as an anti-viral, anti-tumor, macrophage-stimulating and cholesterol lowering agent. In addition, the protein is a rich source of sialic acid and can therefore be developed as an infant dietary supplement to enhance brain development.

The addition of beta-glucan adds anti-oxidant properties to the meat, the first time this has been done. Beta-glucan has Dr. Jianping Wu of the University of Alberta has developed a been shown to reduce heart disease by lowering cholesterol new method to extract ovomucin (patent approved), which he is using to explore the full potential of the protein. At the levels. same time, Dr. Wu is also actively engaged in researching Researcher develops novel approaches to fight bioactive peptides, specific protein fragments, as they may listeria positively affect human health. Food microbiologist Lynn McMullen is working with Indeed, his recent research findings suggest peptides from industry, government and students to develop and apply egg proteins can be formulated to help prevent and treat novel intervention strategies for the control of Listeria hypertension. peptides for the prevention of chronic monocytogenes in ready-to-eat and fresh meat products. diseases especially cardiovascular disease. Given the Listeria monocytogenes (commonly called listeria) is a increasing incidence of hypertension in the world, there is bacterium that can cause a rare but serious disease called potential for a very large market for products to help listeriosis, especially in susceptible individuals such as prevent hypertension. Dr. Wu’s research in this area seeks pregnant women, the elderly, infants and people with to develop bioactive peptides for the prevention of chronic weakened immune systems. Foodborne listeriosis is a diseases especially cardiovascular disease. significant public health concern and impacts negatively on the meat industry.

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early stages of their production cycle. Conversely, tibia and femur bones had a higher calcification rates in embryos from hens in the mid to late stages of their production cycle. The pressure on Western Canadian wheat supplies from strong global demand, the growth of bio-ethanol sector and Femur and tibia bones were thicker in embryos from mid production hens as compared to early and late hen ages. increasing input costs is driving up the cost of wheat. This This suggests that concepts of chick quality may be more may force Western Canadian livestock and poultry complex than believed. producers to look at alternative, lower cost feedstuffs to take the place of wheat. An increased ability to mount an innate immune response

Making the most of feed sources

Triticale has a comparative advantage over wheat in terms of input costs. Since it is a minor grain and has limited applications for human food, there is less competition for local supplies and so triticale could be a cost-competitive, alternative feed grain for broilers. There is however limited data regarding nutrient digestibility in modern triticale varieties for broilers. Dr. Eduardo Beltranena from Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development and his research team compared nutrient digestibility among samples of 4 different varieties of triticale (‘Bunker’, ‘Alta’, ‘Pronghorn’ and ‘Tyndal’) and 2 mixed samples of Canadian Prairie Spring wheat. The research team concluded that nutrient digestibility in the triticales was equal or better than that in the wheat samples. They also suggested that, subject to availability and cost relative to wheat, chicken producers can consider triticale as a viable alternative to wheat in broiler diets.

No thanks…I’m too hot to eat

may be particularly important if growth-promoting antibiotics are removed from the broiler industry.

Working together….your blueprint for success A Team of researchers led by Dr. Carney together with hatching egg producers and hatcheries are striving to identify best management practices that support high rates of hatchability. The project has completed the first of three years by collecting on farm data from 14 flocks. The Alberta hatching egg producers and allied industry partners participated in the Envisioning the Future workshop and the Assessing Fertility on Farm workshop. Their strong engagement is an indication of the collective determination to reach success.

Benefits to poultry value chain participants of providing new producer incentives for improved quality

Dr. Zuidhof conducted a study to determine the impact of temperature on broiler breeder and broiler energy requirements found that weather plays an increasingly important role in feed allocation decisions for broiler breeders. Because most of the energy in breeder diets goes to maintenance of the body, a 50C change in barn temperature can influence daily gains by 50% or more! In this research we also confirmed that female broilers respond less to increased dietary protein levels. High protein levels appear to contribute more to heat stress in female broilers than males. Sex-separate broiler nutrition can be economically beneficial.

Research on novel quality traits in poultry and on identifying new ways of producing value-added poultry products has recently advanced significantly. However, questions remain with regard to the implementation of these innovations on the producer side. The project by a graduate student, Huiting Huang and Dr. Bodo Steiner, focuses on the design of an improved system of compensation measures that explicitly reward poultry producers for the supply of novel chick quality traits. The researchers are investigating an approximate market values for quality traits (breast yield, wing yield, leg yield etc.) with aim to design acceptable price premiums/discounts for each quality trait under the constraint of supply management; and to estimate the key impacts of the novel reward scheme on industry stakeholders.

Young or old…who makes the best mothers?

Antibiotic free production…at what cost?

It has been shown that the maternal diets can affect the development of offspring. A recent study by Dr. Korver evaluated innate immune function and bone development of chicks from different aged breeders. The study showed that the innate immune function of chicks appears to be most effective at neutralizing E. coli when hens are at the

Dr. Zuidhof reported that the cost of production differs very little between conventional and antibiotic free systems. In fact, strain and nutrition appeared to play a clearer role in production costs than antibiotic usage. He also confirmed that a high plane of nutrition in the first 2 weeks of the broiler cycle results in high value broilers.

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Organizational Overview Governance Don Copeland, Chair

Roelof Maijer

Donco Poultry Ltd., Ontario

Alberta Turkey Producers

Wesley Johnson, Vice Chair

Jo Ann Nanninga

Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

Alberta Hatching Egg Producers

David Stahl

Reg Ference

Alberta Egg Producers

Alberta Chicken Producers

Brad Fournier

Ed Rodenburg

Alberta Livestock Meat Agency

Lilydale

Susan Schafers

Iwona Pawlina, Ex Officio

Alberta Egg Producers

The Poultry Research Centre, University of Alberta

Doug Korver

Martin Zuidhof, Ex Officio

Department of AFNS, University of Alberta

Department of AFNS, University of Alberta

Helen Anne Hudson Burnbrae Farms

Operations Iwona Pawlina

Laurie Heidebrecht

Executive Director Poultry Research Centre

Administrative Support University of Alberta

Doug Korver

Lyle Bouvier

Academic Leader University of Alberta

Poultry Research Centre Unit Manager University of Alberta

Valerie Carney Technology Transfer Specialist Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

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Researchers Mirko Betti Associate Professor - Meat Science Graduate Students: 4 + 1 (co-supervisor) Technicians: 1 Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associate: 4 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 2

Jianping Wu Associate Professor - High Value Egg Utilization Graduate Students: 8 + 5 (co-supervisor) Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 5 Technicians: 4

Douglas Korver Professor - Poultry Nutrition Graduate Students: 3 Technicians: 1 Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associate: 1

Martin Zuidhof Associate Professor – Poultry Science, Bioeconomic Modeling Graduate Students: 4 + 1 (co-supervised) Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 2 + 1 (co-supervisor) Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 2 (cosupervisor V. Carney)

Core Research Collaborators: Lynn McMullen Professor - Food Microbiology Graduate Students: 8

Eduardo Beltranena Adjunct Professor—Feed Research Scientist Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 2 Technicians: 1 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 1

Ellen Goddard Professor - Co-operative Chair in Agricultural Marketing and Business; Consumer Market Research Graduate Students: 1

Sven Anders Assistant Professor - Value-Added Meat Marketing

Bodo Steiner Assistant Professor - Economics of Value Chain Graduate Students: 1

Wendy Wismer Associate Professor - Sensory and Consumer Science Graduate Students: 1 Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates: 1

Robert Renema Assistant Professor - Value Added Poultry Science Graduate Students: 2 + 1 (co-supervisor) Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associate: 1 (cosupervisor)

Frank Robinson Professor - Poultry Production and Physiology; and ViceProvost and Dean of Students Graduate Students: 1 Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students: 2 (cosupervisor)

Totals Graduate Students

41

Post Doctoral Fellows/Research Associates

16

Technicians

12*

Summer Assistants/Undergraduate Students

10

*includes 7 technicians employed by researchers and 5 employed by the Poultry Unit

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Technical Staff Nigel Davidson Animal Care Technician

Shawn Rankin

Yan Xu

Animal Care Technician

Research Technician

Chris Ouellette

Randy O’Hara Animal Care Technician

Giles Hinse

Instrumentation Technician

Messle Fentabali Research Technician

Animal Care Technician

Breanne Chmilar

Alexandra Acero

Research Technician

Technician

Kerry Nadeau Research Technician

Shengwen Shen High Value Egg Technician

April Milne Research Assistant

Research Associates Irene Wenger (Dr. Zuidhof)

Ruwani Seneviratne (Dr. Beltranena), ARD

Jennifer Saunders-Blades (Dr. Korver)

Maurice Ndagijmana (Dr. Betti)

Ali Pishnamazi (Dr. Renema and Dr. Zuidhof)

Takui Nakano (Dr. Betti)

Soledad Urrutia (Dr. Zuidhof)

Ayyappan Dileep Omana (Dr. Betti)

Matt Oryschak (Dr. Beltranena), ARD

Lorelei Martinez Michel (Dr. Wismer)

Post Doctoral Fellows

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Md. Morshedur Rahman (Dr. Wu)

Ayyappan Dileep Omana (Dr. Betti)

Sun Jong You (Dr. Wu)

Jiapei Wang (Dr. Wu)

Chanchan Wang (Dr. Wu)

Aman Ullah (Dr. Wu)


Graduate Students Ali Akbari

Huiting Huang

MSc program (Dr. Jianping Wu) MSc Program (Dr. Bodo Steiner) Projects: Improve the functionality of egg white protein for Projects: Benefits to poultry value chain participants of new uses providing new producers incentives for improved quality

Amir Behrouzi

Melissa Johnson

MSc Program (Drs. Martin Zuidhof/Clover Bench) Projects: Individual feeding behaviour in free run broiler breeders

PhD Program Candidate. (Dr. Doug Korver) Projects: Effect of hen age and antioxidant nutrients on early chick innate immune function

Nandika Bandara

Christine (Xiaoji) Liu

MSc Program (Drs. Jianping Wu/Lingyun Chen) PhD Program (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Extraction, characterization and modification of triticale Projects: Low salt meat products – microbiology and distiller’s grains protein toward development of bio-based texture characterization adhesives

Jacky Chan MSc Program (Dr. Mirko Betti) Projects: High pressure processing effect on pale, normal and dark turkey breast meat

Paul Elaho MSc Program - course based (Dr. Martin Zuidhof) Projects: Effects of dietary antibiotics, HyD and nutrient density on broiler performance and economics

Yuchen Gu MSc Program (Dr. Jianping Wu) Projects: Computer-aided study of antioxidant peptides from egg protein

Erica Holm MSc Program (Dr. Frank Robinson) Projects: Effects of Maternal Management and Nutrition on Broiler Breeder Uniformity and Broiler Uniformity

Linda Ho PhD Program (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Projects: High pressure processing as a potential hurdle to control Clostridium spp. in vacuum packaged meats

Melissa Haveroen PhD Program (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Projects: Bacteriocins for food safety

Yuliya Hrynets PhD Program (Dr. Mirko Betti) Projects: Alkaline extracted MDPM as source of functional ingredients

Sen Li MSc Program (Dr. Jianping Wu) Projects: Reducing egg allergenicity by fermentation

Yang Liu MSc Program (Dr. Mirko Betti) Projects: Effect of pressure on microbial stability and safety of meat and muscles

Edith Mba MSc Program (Dr. Rob Renema) Projects: Restriction of broiler breeder body composition: A new management paradigm to support growth and support of egg production and fertility

Kaustav Majumder PhD Program (Dr. Jianping Wu) Projects: Egg protein ovotransferrin derived peptides for the management of cardiovascular diseases

Margaret MacKenzie PhD Program (Dr. Michael Dyck) Projects: Effect of male age and semen storage length on sperm mobility, semen protein composition, and fertility in broiler and turkey breeders

Petr Miller PhD Program (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Projects: Bacteriocins to control microbial growth in foods

Thania Moraes MSc Program (Dr. Martin Zuidhof) Projects: Effect of broiler breeder nutrition on broiler supply chain performance

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Graduate Students (cont.) Chamila Nimalaratne

Marina Tolchinsky

PhD Program (Drs. Jianping Wu/Andreas Schieber) Projects: Phytochemicals in egg yolk and interactions of different phenolic compounds with proteins

MSc Program (Dr. Jianping Wu) Projects: Effect of the carbohydrate moiety on the structure and functional properties of ovomucin

Sahar Navidghasemizad

Ana Ulmer-Franco

PhD Program (Drs. Jianping Wu/Feral Temelli) Projects: Phospholipids extraction from leftover egg yolk using environmentally friendly techniques

PhD Program (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Projects: Omphalitis and broiler chick quality: examining the morphology and microbiology of yolk sacs

Sandeep Nain

Soledad Urrutia

MSc Program (Dr. Rob Renema) Projects: Optimization of laying hens for value-added egg production

Dulal Paul MSc Program (Drs. Martin Zuidhof/Rob Renema) Projects: Impact of environmental temperature and dietary energy on broiler breeder performance and economics

Jiandong Ren

MSc Program (Drs. Rob Renema/Leluo Guan) Genetic shift in gut microflora associated with broiler susceptibility to enteric diseases

Kathleen Vail MSc Program (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Projects: Physiology of listeria monocytogenes at low temperatures

Henan Wang

MSc Program (Dr. Jianping Wu) Projects: Phosvitin extraction from chicken egg yolk

MSc Program (Drs. Jianping Wu/Mirko Betti) Projects: pH shifting processing of spent hens mince: protein extraction optimization.

Mejo K. Remanan

Deborah Yu

MSc Program (Dr. Jianping Wu) Projects: Optimization of conditions for the determination of antioxidant activity of eggs

MSc Program (Dr. Wendy Wismer) Projects: Consumer perceptions of the black bone defect in chicken thighs

Michael Sidra

Wenlin Yu

MAg/MBA. (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Projects: Time as a public health control

MSc Program (Drs. Jianping Wu/Catherine Field) Projects: Immunomodulatory peptides from spent hens

Sandeep Singla

Mojtaba Yegani

MSc Program (Dr. Mirko Betti) Projects: Factors affecting bone discoloration in broiler thigh meat

PhD Candidate Program (Dr. Doug Korver) Projects: Feed quality evaluation for poultry

Cibele Torres PhD Candidate Program (Dr. Doug Korver) Projects: Effect of hen age and organic trace minerals in the maternal diet on embryo and chick bone development

Kim Ton MSc. Program (Dr. Martin Zuidhof) Projects: Nutritional mitigation strategies for antibiotic free broiler production: Innate immune function

James Zhang MSc Program (Dr. Lynn McMullen) Projects: Post-packaging pasteurization to control listeria monocytogenes in ready to eat meats

Justina Zhang MSc Program (Dr. Jianping Wu) Projects: Fermentation to reduce egg white allergenicity

Xu Zhang MSc Program (Dr. Ellen Goddard) Projects: Analysis of value added meat product choice behaviour by Canadian households

14


Research Funding by Project Project Title

Primary Investigator / Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products & Processes Co-extraction of valuable egg-white proteins through fractionation Project duration: 2007 - 2010

Wu, J.

ALIDF

$77,550

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

ALIDF

$73,325

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

ALIDF

$111,849

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Wu, J.

NSERC DG

$25,180

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Chen, L.

ACIDF

$62,790

Feed Companies

Kav, N. Mazurek, V.

Total project cost: $262,680 Project funder: ALIDF

QSAR - aided study of antihypertensive peptides from eggs

Wu, J. Davidge, S.

Project duration: 2008 - 2010 Total project cost: $147,564 Project funder: ALIDF

Integrated utilization of leftover egg yolk after antibody extraction

Wu, J. Temelli, F.

Project duration: 2008-2011

Curtis, J.

Total project cost: $337,922

Korver, D.

Project funder: ALIDF

Antioxidant peptides from egg proteins Project duration: 2008—2013 Total project cost: S125,900 Project funder: NSERC DG Alberta crops as a raw material for antioxidant peptide production

Wu, J.

Project duration: 2008-2010 Total project cost: $125,580 Project funder: ACIDF

15


Project Title

Primary Investigator / Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products & Processes (cont.) Protein- based biomaterials from spent hens

Wu, J.

CPRC

$20,000

Producers

ALMA

$136,504

Producers

AAET

$46,000

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Wu, J.

NSERC

$124,775

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Wu, J.

ALMA

$79,430

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Betti, M.

Project duration: 2009-2012 Total project cost: $60,000 Project funder: CPRC Utilization of protein-containing agriculture waste and by-products for adhesive development

Wu, J. Betti, M. Che, L.

Project duration: 2009-2012 Total project cost: $475,136

Qi, H. Carney, V.

Project funders: ALMA and AARI Alberta biorefining conversions network Project duration: 2009-2012 Total project cost: $3,000,000 (4.6%) for Poultry

Bressler, D. Wu, J. & others

Project funder: AAET

Extraction of ovomucin from laying hen egg white Project duration: 2009-2010 Total project cost: S124,775 Project funder: NSERC (Idea to Innovation)

An Automatic bonding evaluation system for adhesive development Project duration: 2009-2010 Total project: 79,430 Project funder: ALMA

16


Project Title

Primary Investigator / Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products & Processes (cont.) Antihypertensive effect of cooked whole eggs in spontaneously hypertensive rate (SHR)

Wu, J. JacobsKaufman, S.

Egg Farmer of Canada

$35,923

ALMA

$78,430

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Project duration: 2010 - 2011 Total project cost: $35,923 Project funders: Egg Farmers of Canada Learning from Grandma: Developing valuable functional food ingredients from spent hens

Wu, J. Catherine, F.

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Project duration: 2010 - 2013 Total project cost: $78,430 Project funders: ALMA Antihypertensive Activity of Laying Hen Eggs

Wu, J.

AAFC

$59,611

Jacobs, S.

Egg Producers Egg Processors

Project duration: 2010-2014 Total project cost: $439,757 Project funder: AAFC (Agriculture and Ag Food Council)

Isolated proteins from low value poultry meat: potential applications

Betti, M.

Project duration: 2010 - 2013

ALMA

$42,750

Chicken Producers

ACP

$9,500

Meat Processors

AI Bio

$42,750

ALMA

$65,000

Total project cost: $283,000 Project Funders: ALMA, ACP, AI Bio High pressure processing of chicken meat

Betti, M.

Project duration: January 2009 - January 2011

Zuidhof, M.J.

Chicken Producers, Turkey Producers, Processors

Gaenzle, M.

Total project cost: $149,217 Project funder: ALMA

17


Project Title

Primary Investigator / Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Meat and Egg Products & Processes (cont.) Preparation and characterization of high quality gelatin from different poultry sources

Betti, M.

ALMA

$47,500

Chicken Producers

ACP

$2,500

Meat Processors

Rossdown Natural Farms

$7,500

Betti, M.

ACP

$9,000

Zuidhof, M.J.

ATP

$9,000

Wismer, W.

ALMA

$72,000

Jones, T.

ALMA

$7,174

Meat Processors

$40,333

Meat Processors

Project duration: 2011—2013 Total project cost: $115,000 Project funders: ALMA, ACP, Rossdown Natural Farms New approach for increasing the profitability of mechanically separated poultry meat (MSPM) and dark meat

Chicken Producers, Turkey Producers, Processors

Project duration: September 2008 September 2010 Total project cost: $249,882 Project funders: ACP,ALMA, ATP

Physiology of Listeria at low temperatures Project duration: 2009 - 2011

McMullen, L.M.

Total project cost: $89,500 Project funder: ALMA

Post packaging pasteurization of ready to eat meats to control Listeria monocytogenes

Pietrasik, Z.

ALMA

McMullen, L.M.

AAET

Project duration: 2009 - 2011 Total project cost: $144,150

Vandermeer, A.

Project funders: ALMA, AAET

Pierce, D. Janz, J.

18


Project Title

Primary Investigator and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

McMullen, L.M.

NSERC

$34,000

Meat Processors

McMullen, L.

ALMA

$158,700

Meat Processors

Project duration: 2010-2012

Carlson

AI Bio

Total project cost: $317,400

Styles, M.

ALMA

$133,975

Meat Processors

Sask. Ag. Development Fund

$58,843

Meat Processors

Curtis, J.

Sparks Eggs

$12,500

Field, C.

(in-kind)

Egg Producers, Egg Processors

Renema, R. A.

AARI

$112,500

Project duration: 2009-2012

U of A (in-kind)

$25,000

Total project cost: $542,750

AEP

Meat and Egg Products & Processes (cont.) Bacteriocins for food safety Project duration: 2007 - 2012 Total project cost: S170,000 Project funder: NSERC

Micocin to control listeria in delis

Project funders: ALMA, AI Bio

Safety of low salt meats

Smith

McMullen, L.

Project duration: 2010-2014

Shand, P.

Total project cost: $520,375

Korber

Project funders: ALMA, AI Bio

Quality of low salt meats

McMullen, L.

Project duration: 2010-2014

Shand, P.

Total project cost: $283,058

Korber

Project funders: Sask. Ag. Development Fund

The importance of choline in human health during pregancy and infant development the potential of egg yolks for dietary enrichment

Project funders: AARI, AEP, Sparks Eggs, U of A

19


Project Title

Primary Investigator and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Embryology and Chick Quality Altering broiler breeder composition to improve support of early chick quality and long-term maintenance of lay

Renema, R.A.

PIC

$12,000

Hatching Egg Producers, Chicken Producers, Processors

Alltech

$10,000

Hatching Egg Producers,

Zuidhof, M.J.

Project duration: 2008 - 2011 Total project cost: $25,000 Project funder: PIC

Antioxidant source and embryonic development with oxidative stress

Renema, R. A.

Project duration: 2009 - 2011

Hatcheries

Total project cost: $10,000 Project funder: Alltech

Metabolism and Physiology Restriction of broiler breeder body composition: A new management paradigm to support growth and yield potential of broiler offspring

Renema, R. A.

Aviagen Inc.

$20,000

Chicken Producers

NSERC

$0

Chicken Producers, Turkey Producers

Zuidhof, M.J. Pishnamazi, A.

Project duration: 2009 - 2011 Total project cost: $217,591 Project funders: ALIDF/ALMA, Aviagen Inc. Protein metabolism during the acute phase inflammatory response in the domestic fowl Project duration: 2005-2011 Total project cost: $145,000 Project funder: NSERC

20

Korver, D.K.


Project Title

Primary Investigator and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Metabolism and Physiology (cont.) Feed quality evaluation

ACIDF

$50,624

Chicken Producers, Egg Producers, Hatching Egg Producers, Turkey Producers, Feed Companies

Renema, R. A.

Alltech Biotechnology

$20,000

Egg Producers

Carney, V.L.

Growing Forward

$27,000

Robinson, F. E.

ALMA

$110,271

Project duration: 2009-2012

Zuidhof, M.J.

AEP

$10,000

Hatching Egg Producers, Hatcheries, Chicken Producers

Total project cost: $255,371

Renema, R.A.

Project funders: Growing Forward, ALMA, AHEP

Robinson, N.

Martin Zuidhof

ALMA

$113,313

Korver, D.K.

PIC

$18,000

Project duration: 2007-2011

Helm, J. Korver, D.K. Zijlstra, R.

Total project cost: $4,161,488 (235,230) for Poultry

Beltranena, E.

Project funder: ACIDF

McAllister, T. Oba, M.

Management and Reproduction Improving the effectiveness of laying hens for use in value-added egg production Project duration: 2008-2010 Total project cost: $136,000 Project funders: Alltech Biotechnology, PIC, ALIDF, AEP, AFC

Broiler breeder best management practices

Nutrional mitigation strategies for antibiotic free broiler production: Performance and economics

Schneider, B. L.

Carney, V.L.

Chicken Producers, Turkey Producers, Meat Processors

Project duration: 2009 - 2011 Total project cost: $145,953 Project funders: ALMA, PIC, Cobb-Vantress

21


Project Title

Primary Investigator and Collaborators

Contributor

Amount ($)

Who Benefits

Management and Reproduction (cont.) Links between feed and genetics-based shifts in gut microflora and broiler susceptibility to enteric disease Project duration: 2010-2013

Renema, R.A.

ALMA

$38,342

Zuidhof, M.J.

AI Bio

$38,342

Guan, L.

ACP

$5,000

PIC

$7,500

BioLargo

$6,250

BioLargo (in-kind)

$7,000

SHAC Environmental

$63,180

Chicken Producers

Korver, D.K.

ALMA

$88,147

Egg Producers

Carney, V.L.

AEP

$2,500

AAFC

$97,675

Total project cost: $249,680 Project funders: ALMA, AI Bio, ACP, PIC, BioLargo, Danisco Effects of oxidation lignite on broiler litter ammonia emission Project durations: 2010-2011 Total project cost: $63,180

Korver, D.K Bench, C.

Chicken Producers

Zuidhof, M.J. Renema, R.A.

Project funders: SHAC Environmental Management strategies to increase Alberta egg farm revenues Project durations: 2010-2013 Total project cost: $241,115

Renema, R.A. Schneider, B.L.

Project funders: ALMA, AEP Creating a Canadian poultry science cluster for sustaining industry

Korver, D.K. 21 co-applicants

Turkey Producers, Processors

Project durations: 2010-2013 Total project cost: $3,053,016 Project funders: Agri Food Canada

Bio-Economics Nanotechnology and cloning-Canadian food values Project duration: 2010 Total project cost: $19,000

22

Goddard, E.

ARD

$19,000

Processors


PRC Funding Base Funding 2010 - 2011 $4,958,917

Industry Base Funding 2010 - 2011 $229,309

23


Research Funding 2010 - 2011 $2,581,436

Total research funding: $2,581,436 (100%) Government of Canada: $341,241 (13%), Government of Alberta: $1,868,999 (72%), Industry: $287,353 (11%), Other: $83,843 (3%)

Value of Research Funding Benefiting Commodity Groups 2010 - 2011 $5,420,175

Total investment in research: $2,581,436 Total distribution of benefits: $5,410,175 ($2.1 for every $1 invested)

24


Facility Usage Research Facilities % Utilization by: Broiler/Turkey Trials

Breeder Trials

Brooder House (48 floor pens)

52

11

Breeder Hen Cages (288 units)

88

Facility/Unit

Breeder Male Cages (60 units)

Layer Trials

Unit Operations

Overall % Utilization 63

88 88

Vencomatic Colony Housing (2 units) Nutrition House (32 pens)

56

20

Specht Pullet Cages (Pullet Trials)

31

31

Environmental Chambers

26

26

Test House - Floor Pens

100

Test House - Conventional Cages

100

Test House - Colony Cages

100

Broiler Processing Plant (3-day kills)

4

36

100 42

58 100

4

Hatchery—Hatcher use

18 sets

7

11

Hatchery—Setter use

16 hatches

7

9

Non-Research Facilities Facility Lilydale Classroom

User Group

Utilization

Producers

2 days

Processors

1 days

PRC Team

36 days

U of A, safety, animal care and animal handling, HACCP Committees

3 days

Industry-related workshops (swine, dairy, ARD etc.)

12 days

Student presentations and Community learning

46 days

Alberta Turkey Producers Heavy use by Students (undergraduate and graduate), technicians Computer Lab and researchers

25 man hours/ day

25


Evidence of Productivity Refereed Papers in Scholarly Journals Chan, J., D. A. Omana and M. Betti. 2011. Application of high pressure processing to improve the functional properties of pale, soft, and exudative (PSE)-like turkey meat. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies doi: 10.1016/j.ifset. 2011.03.004. Chan, J., D. A. Omana and M. Betti. 2011. Effect of ultimate pH and freezing on the biochemical properties of proteins in turkey breast meat. Food Chemistry 127:109117. Chan, J., D. A. Omana and M. Betti. 2011. Functional and rheological properties of proteins in frozen turkey breast meat with different ultimate pH. Poultry Science 90:11121123. Gulde, V.A.L., R. Renema and G. Y. Bédécarrats, 2010. Use of Dietary Thyroxin as an Alternate Molting Procedure in Spent Turkey Breeder Hens. Poultry Science 89: 96-107. Hrynets Y.,D.A. Omana ,Y. Xu and M. Betti. Effect of acid and alkaline-aided extractions on functional and rheological properties of proteins recovered from mechanically separated turkey meat (MSTM). Journal of Food Science 75:E477-E486. Hrynets, Y. D.A. Omana, Y. Xu and M. Betti. 2011. Comparative study on the effect of acid- and alkalineaided extractions on Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat (MSTM): Chemical and functional properties of recovered proteins. Process Biochemistry 46:335-343. Hrynets, Y. D.A. Omana, Y. Xu and M. Betti. 2011. Impact of Citric Acid and Calcium Ions on Acid Solubilization of Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat (MSTM): Effect on Lipid and Pigment Content. Poultry Science 90:458-466. Huang, W., K. Majumder and J. Wu. 2010. Oxygen radical absorbance capacity of peptides from egg white protein ovotransferrin and their interaction with phytochemicals. Food Chemistry 123: 635-641. Huang, W. Y., S. Chakrabarti, K. Majumder, Y. Jiang, S. T. Davidge and J. Wu. 2010. Egg derived peptide IRW inhibits TNFα-induced inflammatory responses in endothelial cells. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58: 10840– 1084.

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Lei, B., K. Majumder, S. Shen and J. Wu. 2010. Effect of sonication on thermolysin hydrolysis of ovotransferrin. Food Chemistry 124: 808-815. Lu, R., P. Qian, Z. Sun, Z. H. Zhou, I. P. Chen, J. F. He, H. Zhang and J. Wu. 2010. Hempseed protein derived antioxidative peptides: purification, identification and protection from hydrogen peroxide-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells. Food Chemistry 123: 1210-1218. Majumder, K. and J. Wu. 2010. A new approach for identification of novel antihypertensive peptides from egg proteins by QSAR and bioinformatics. Food Research International 43: 1371-1378. Majumder, K. and J. Wu. 2011. Purification and characterization of novel peptides predicted by an integrated QSAR and bioinformatics approach. Food Chemistry 12: 1614-1619. Miller, P., H.E. Haveroen, K. Solichová, R. Merkl, L. M. McMullen, K. Míková and J. Chumchalova. 2010. Shelf life extension of liquid whole eggs by heat and bacteriocin treatment Czech J. Food Sci. 28:280-289. Miller, P., J. Chumchalová and L. M. McMullen. 2010. Nisin -producing lactococci from mayonnaise-based products and their raw materials. Eur. Food Res. Technol. 231:137141 Moayedi, V., D.A., Omana, J. Chan, Y. Xu and M. Betti. 2010. Alkali aided protein extraction from chicken dark meat: Composition and stability to lipid oxidation of recovered proteins. Poultry Science 89:775-776 Omana D. A., G. Plastow and M. Betti. 2011. Effect of different ingredients on color and oxidative characteristics of high pressure processed chicken breast meat with special emphasis on use of β-glucan as a partial salt replacer. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies (In press).


Refereed Papers in Scholarly Journals (cont.) Omana D. A., G. Plastow and M. Betti. 2011. The use of βglucan as a partial salt replacer in high pressure processed chicken breast meat. Food Chemistry (Accepted). Omana, D. A., Wang, J. and J. Wu. 2010. Co-extraction of egg white proteins using ion-exchange chromatography from ovomucin-removed egg whites. Journal of Chromatography B 878: 1771-1776. Omana, D. A., J. Wang and J. Wu. 2010. Ovomucin - a glycoprotein with promising potential. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 21: 455-463. Omana, D. A., J. Wang, Y. Liang, N. N. V. Kav and J. Wu. 2011. Proteomic analysis of egg white proteins during storage. Proteomics 11, 144-153. Omana, D.A., V. Moayedi, Y. Xu and M. Betti. 2010. Alkali aided protein extraction from chicken dark meat: Textural and color characteristics of recovered proteins. Poultry Science 89: 1056-1064. Oryschak, M., D. Korver, M. Zuidhof and E. Beltranena. 2010. Nutritive value of single-screw extruded and nonextruded triticale distillers dried grains with solubles, with and without an enzyme complex, for broilers. Poultry Science 89: 1411–1423. Oryschak, M., D. Korver, M. Zuidhof, X. Meng and E. Beltranena. 2010. Comparative feeding value of extruded and nonextruded wheat and corn distillers dried grains with solubles for broilers. Poultry Science 89: 2183–2196. Perez, T. I., M. J. Zuidhof, R. A. Renema, J. M. Curtis, Y. Ren and M. Betti. 2010. Effects of vitamin E and organic selenium on oxidative stability of ω-3 enriched dark chicken meat during cooking. J. Food Sci. 75:25-34.

Romero, L. F., M. J. Zuidhof, S. R. Jeffrey, A. Naeima, R. A. Renema and F. E. Robinson. 2010. A data envelope analysis to assess factors affecting technical and economic efficiency of individual broiler breeder hens. Poultry Science 89: 1769-1777. Romero, L. F., M. J. Zuidhof, S. R. Jeffrey, R. A. Renema and F. E. Robinson. 2010. A data envelope analysis to assess factors affecting technical and economic efficiency of individual broiler breeder hens. Poultry Sci. 89: 1769-1777. Sheng, S. B. Chahal, K. Majumder, S, You and J. Wu. 2010. Identification of novel antioxidant peptides from ovotransferrin thermolytic hydrolysate by LC/MS/MS. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 58: 7664-7772. Webster, K., C. Jardine, L. M. McMullen and S. B. Cash. 2010. Risk Ranking: investigating expert and public differences in evaluation food safety risks. J. Food Protect. 1875-1885. Yang, J. and E. Goddard. 2010. How BSE affected Canadian household meat purchases. Accepted for the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 2011. Yang, K.X., J. W. Ma, Y. M. Guo. T. F. Guo, Y. G. Zhao, N. S. Ding, M. Betti, G. S. Plastow and L.S. Huang. 2010. Correlations between fat depot traits and fatty acid composition in abdominal fat and longissimus muscle: results from a large scale White Duroc×Erhualian intercross F2 population. Journal of Animal Science 88: 3538-3545. Yegani, M. and D. R. Korver. 2010. Application of egg yolk antibodies as replacement for antibiotics in poultry. World’s Poultry Science Journal 66: 27-38.

Perez, T. I., M. J. Zuidhof, R. A. Renema, J. M. Curtis, Y. Ren and M. Betti. 2010. Effects of Vitamin E and Organic Selenium on Oxidative Stability of Omega-3 Enriched Dark Chicken Meat during Cooking. J. Food Sci. 75(2):T25-T34. Ren, Y, J. Wu, and R. Renema. 2010. Chapter 28: ‘Nutritional and Health Attributes of Eggs’ Pages 535-578 in: Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology: Volume 1: Primary Processing. I. Guerrero-Legarreta Ed. Wiley Press.

27


Conference Presentations (Abstracts) Chan J., D.A. Omana and M. Betti. 2010. Effect of ultimate pH on the chemical properties of proteins in turkey breast meat. Poultry Science Annual General Meeting, Denver, Colorado, July 11-15. DesLauriers, A. G. C., M. J. Zuidhof, R. A. Renema, D. Paul and A. Pishnamazi. 2010. Effects of temperature on egg size and quality. Poult. Sci. 90(Suppl. 1):188. Gu, Y., K. Majumder and J. Wu. 2010. QSAR-aided in Silico Approach in Evaluation of Food Proteins as Precursors of ACE Inhibitory Peptides. Poster presentation at the 2010 Advanced Foods and Materials Network (AFMNet) annual meeting, May 26-May 29, 2010, Halifax, Canada. Hrynets Y. D.A. Omana, Y. Xu and M. Betti. 2010. Comparative study on the effect of acid- and alkalineaided extractions on Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat (MSTM): Processing Yield and Lipid Composition. Institute of Food Technologist Annual Meeting & Food Expo, July 17 –20, 2010Books and Book Chapters. Johnson, M. L.and D. R. Korver. 2010. Breeder hen age affects chick early innate immune function. Poult. Sci. 89 (E-Suppl.) 1:227. Oral presentation at the Poultry Science Association Annual Meeting, July 11-15, 2010, Denver, CO, USA. Li, S., M. G. Ganzle and J. Wu. 2010. Reduce the Allergenicity of Egg White Proteins by Fermentation. Poster presentation at 2010 Institute of Food technologists (IFT), July 17-20, Chicago, USA. Liu, Y., M. Betti and M. G. Gänzle. 2010. Resistance of Campylobacter jejuni and other bacteria associated with poultry meat to high hydrostatic pressure. 6th International Conference on High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology (HPBB2010) August 28 - September 1, 2010, Technische Universität München. Majumder, K. and J. Wu. 2010. Purification and Characterization of Potent Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitory Peptides Derived from Ovotransferrin. Oral presentation at 2010 Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology (CIFST)/Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) Conference, May 30-June 1, 2010, Winnipeg, Canada. Majumder, K., W. Huang, S. Chakraborti, S. Davidge and J. Wu. 2010. Ovotransferrin-derived Peptides Inhibits TNF Induced Oxidative-stress in Endothelial Cells. Oral presentation at 2010 Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology (CIFST)/Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) Conference, May 30-June 1, 2010, Winnipeg, Canada.

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Majumder, K., W. Huang, S. Chakraborti, S. Davidge and J. Wu. 2010. Ovotransferrin-derived Peptides Inhibits TNFalpha Induced Inflammatory Response in Endothelial Cells. Oral presentation at the AOCS annual meeting, May 1619, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Matin, A. and E. Goddard. 2010. Does Food Technology Neophobia Affect Canadian Consumer Interest in Novel Foods? presented at the NEC-63 meeting: Economics of Improved Food Safety Practices, Monterey California, September 26-28, 2010. Mba, E., R. A. Renema, A. Pishnamazi and M. J. Zuidhof. 2010. Do dietary protein:energy ratios modify growth and frame size of young broiler breeder females? Poult. Sci. 90 (Suppl. 1):M321. Moraes, T. G. V., M. J. Zuidhof, A. Pishnamazi, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Effects of dietary energy and broiler breeder hen energetic efficiency on egg production and fertility. Poult. Sci. 90(Suppl. 1):M323. Myae, A. C. and E. Goddard. 2010. Consumer’s behaviour with respect to meat demand in the presence of animal disease concerns: the special case of consumers who eat bison, elk, and venison, poster presented at the joint American Agricultural Economics Association/Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Western Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, July 2010, Denver, Colorado. Myae, A. C. and E. Goddard. 2010. The linkage between consumer confidence in the safety of food and demand for farm-to-folk traceability systems, presented at the NEC - 63 meeting: Economics of Improved Food Safety Practices, Monterey California, September 26-28, 2010. (abstract refereed) Nain, S. and R. A. Renema. 2010. Characterization of omega-3 PUFA enrichment in laying hens. Poultry Sci. 89 (Suppl. 1):138. Nain, S. and R. A. Renema. 2010. Omega-3 PUFA and lutein enrichment: Different feeding strategies and effect on storage stability. Poultry Sci. 89(Suppl. 1):101.


Conference Presentations (Abstracts) cont. Navidghasemizad, S., Y. Xiong, J. Curtis, F. Temelli and J. Wu. 2010. Effect of different enzymatic treatments on emulsion properties of leftover egg yolk pellet. Poster presentation at the AOCS annual meeting, May 16-19, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Nimalaratne, C., D. Lopes-Lutz, A. Schieber and J. Wu. 2010. Effect of domestic cooking methods on egg yolk xanthophylls. Poster presentation at European Federation of Food Science and Technology (EFFoST) annual meeting, November 10-12, Dublin, Ireland. Offengenden, M. and J. Wu. 2010. Effect of the carbohydrate moiety on the structure and functional properties of ovomucin. Poster presentation at 2010 Institute of Food technologists (IFT), July 17-20, Chicago, USA. Omana, D. A. and M. Betti. 2010. High pressure processing of comminuted chicken breast meat: Effect of β-glucan on the physico-chemical properties of the prepared products. Institute of Food Technologist Annual Meeting & Food Expo, July 17–20, 2010. Oryschak, M., D. Korver and E. Beltranena. 2011. A comparison of nutrient digestibility in wheat distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and 3 wheat DDGS fractions produced using a 2-step dry fractionation process for broilers. (Abstract # 47707). Annual Meeting of the Poultry Science Association, July 16-19, 2011. St. Louis, MO. Oryschak, M., D. Korver and E. Beltranena. 2011. Nutrient digestibility in canola meal for broilers: effects of oil extraction method and fractionation by air classification. (Abstract # 47708). Annual Meeting of the Poultry Science Association, July 16-19, 2011. St. Louis, MO. Oryschak, M., D. Korver and E. Beltranena. 2011. Nutrient digestibility of 4 varieties of triticale compared to that of Canadian Prairie Spring wheat for broilers. (Abstract # 47710). Annual Meeting of the Poultry Science Association, July 16-19, 2011. St. Louis, MO. Paul, D. C., M. J. Zuidhof, A. Pishnamazi, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Impact of feeding time and photoperiod on egg production patterns in broiler breeder females. Poult. Sci. 90(Suppl. 1):179. Penrice, D., F. E. Robinson, M. J. Zuidhof and J. Holdstock. 2010. Using YouTube Video Projects in a Class to Develop Communication Skills for Students and to Create Agricultural Awareness in a Broader Community. NACTA J. (Abstract 274). 2010 NACTA/SERD Conference, College Station, PA, June 22-25, 2010.

Pishnamazi, A., M. J. Zuidhof, R. A. Renema, and D. Paul. 2010. Modeling energy utilization of broiler breeder hens is affected by environmental temperature and dietary energy. Poult. Sci. 90(Suppl. 1):196. Ren, J. and J. Wu. 2010. Phosvitin extraction from leftover egg yolk. Oral presentation at the AOCS annual meeting, May 16-19, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Renema, R. A., M. J. Zuidhof and F. E. Robinson. 2010. Factores que inluyen en la Fisiologia de la produccion de huevos. Proceedings of the XII Seminario Internacional de Patologia y Produccion Aviar. Athens, Georgia, April 26-30, 2010. Renema, R. A., M. J. Zuidhof and F. E. Robinson. 2010. Optimal Broiler Breeder Management: Success is in the Details. Proceedings of the Congreso Nacional de Avicultura - Peru 2010. LXXII Aniversario. Lima, Peru. June 22-25, 2010. Robinson, F. E., D. C. Penrice, G. Kendall, M. J. Zuidhof and T. A. Reimer. 2010. Student Demographics in an Introductory Animal Science Class Before and After the Introduction of Inquiry-Based Learning. NACTA J. (Abstract 131). 2010 NACTA/SERD Conference, College Station, PA, June 22-25, 2010. Saunders-Blades, J. L., K. L. Nadeau and D. R. Korver 2010. Dietary hydrolyzed yeast extract enhances early innate immune function in broiler chicks. Poult. Sci. 89 (E-Suppl.) 1:493. Oral presentation at the Poultry Science Association Annual Meeting, July 11-15, 2010, Denver, CO, USA. Jennifer Saunders-Blades is my Research Associate. Torres, C. A. and D. R. Korver. 2010. Broiler breeder age and dietary Cu, Zn and Mn source affect chick bone development at hatch. Poult. Sci. 89 (E-Suppl.) 1:497. Oral presentation at the Poultry Science Association Annual Meeting, July 11-15, 2010, Denver, CO, USA Wu, J. 2010. Multifunctional bioactive peptides derived from egg protein ovotransferrin. Oral presentation at the AOCS annual meeting, May 16-19, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. (Invited speaker) Wu, J. 2010. Structure and activity study of novel antioxidant peptides from egg protein. Oral Presentation at 2010 International Society of Nutraceuticals & Functional Foods. October 11-15, Inna Grand Bali Beach Hotel, Sanur, Bali, Indonesia (Invited speaker). Wu, J. and K. Majumder. 2010. A New Approach for Identification of Novel Antihypertensive Peptides from Egg Proteins by QSAR and Bioinformatics. Poster presentation at 2010 Institute of Food technologists (IFT), July 17-20, Chicago, USA.

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Conference Presentations (Abstracts) cont. Wu, J., Y. Gu and K. Majumder 2010. QSAR-aided in Silico Approach in Evaluation of Food Proteins as Precursors of ACE Inhibitory Peptides. Oral presentation at 2010 Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology (CIFST)/Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) Conference, May 30-June 1, 2010, Winnipeg, Canada. Yegani, M. and D. Korver. 2010. Dietary enzymes affect ileal energy and amino acid digestibility of corn-soy diets in broiler chickens. Proceedings of XIIIth Pp:627. Poster presentation at the, European Poultry Conference, August 23-27, Tours, France. Yu, W. and J. Wu. 2010. Bioactive peptides from spent hens. Oral presentation at the AOCS annual meeting, May 16-19, 2010, Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Zuidhof, M. J., M. Clarke, M. Wallace, A. Tuckwood, D. Penrice and F. E. Robinson. 2010. Student Video Project Influences Consumer Perceptions About Antibiotic Usage

in Livestock Production. NACTA J. (Abstract 288). 2010 NACTA/SERD Conference, College Station, PA, June 22-25, 2010. Zuidhof, M. J., A. Pishnamazi, C. Ouellette, D. R. Korver and R. A. Renema. 2010. Broiler Nutrition: Optimizing Genotype x Environment Interactions. Proceedings of the 46th Eastern Nutrition Conference. Guelph, ON, May 2010. Zuidhof, M. J., A. Pishnamazi, C. Ouellette, D. Paul and R. A. Renema. 2010. Diet x Temperature Interactions in Broiler Breeders and Broilers. Proceedings of the California Nutrition Conference (CANC). June, 2010. Zuidhof, M. J., E. Tanjong Mba, D. C. Paul, D. E. Holm, F. E. Robinson, R. A. Renema, Y. Ren, T. Moraes and A. Pishnamazi. 2010. Current Issues in Boiler Breeder Nutrition. Proceedings of the New Zealand Poultry Industry Conference. Vol. 10. October 12-13, 2010. 9 pp.

Scientific and Industry Presentations Bandara, N., J. Wu. 2010. Protein Based Adhesive from Distiller’s Grains: Value Addition to Bioethanol Byproducts. Oral presentation at the 2nd Annual BCN Strategic Retreat, November 7-9, 2010 at the Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise near Banff, Alberta. (2 nd place winner of the Graduate Student Oral Presentation Competition). (audience of 150) Betti M, D.A. Omana and J. Chan. 2010. Preservative Free Meat Products: Application of High Pressure Processing to Poultry Meat. Alberta Chicken Producers Research Symposium, February 22, 2010. Betti M. 2010.Dealing with Reduced Protein functionality in poultry meat. Midwest Poultry Federation Convention (proceedings published in CD format; invited). Betti M. 2010. Poultry Meat Science: a perspective from Western Canada. 2010. Canada’s Poultry Research Program, Canadian Poultry Research Council (CPRC), May 12-13, Ottawa. Betti, M. Value Added Meat Research: goals an up-date. 2010. Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 26, Edmonton, Alberta. Chamila, N. A., A. Schieber and J. Wu. 2010. Antioxidant activity of aromatic amino acids from egg yolk. 1st annual Poultry Research Centre Seminar Series. November 19, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of 35).

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Chamila, N. A., A. Schieber and J. Wu. 2010. Effect of cooking methods on egg yolk carotenoids. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta ( audience of ~ 90). Chan J., D.A. Omana and M. Betti. 2010. Effect of ultimate pH on the chemical properties of proteins in turkey breast meat. Poultry Science Annual General Meeting, Denver, Colorado, July 11-15. Chan J., D.A. Omana and M. Betti. 2010. Muscle pH and Freezing affects Protein Functionality in Turkey Meat. Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 25, Edmonton, Alberta. (Poster) DesLauriers, A.G.C., M. J. Zuidhof, R. A. Renema and D. C. Paul. 2010. Effects of temperature on egg size. Presentation to the Prairie Poultry Meeting. June 7-9, 2010. (audience of 60).

Elaho, P., M. J. Zuidhof and R. A. Renema. 2010. Nutritional mitigation strategies for antibiotic free production: Performance and economics. Innovations in Poultry Science – Proceedings of the 2010 Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB. Page 12.(Also available at www.poultryresearchcentre.ca


Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Goddard, E. and J. Fernando. 2010. Turkey Markets: Pricing Movements and FAFH Behaviour. presentation at the Alberta Turkey Producers Annual Meeting Feb 23, 2010

Korver, D. R. 2010. Poultry Nutrition Research in Canada. May 12, 2010. Ottawa, ON. Canadian poultry research Council workshop. A 10-minute talk summarizing the poultry nutrition research taking place at Canadian universities. (audience of 100 people)

Goddard, E. 2010. Food Safety, Animal Diseases, Health and Meat Consumption in Canada. presentation at the Alberta Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, May 6th, 2010. Red Deer, Alberta. (audience of 100)

Li, S. and J. Wu. 2010. Reduced IgE binding ability (allergenicity) of egg white proteins by fermentation. 1st annual Poultry Research Centre Seminar Series. November 19, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of 35).

Goddard, E. 2010. Are health and food safety concerns changing consumer demand for poultry products? research presentation at the Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 27th 2010. Hofstetter, S., M. G. Gänzle and L. M. McMullen. 2010. High-pressure assisted thermal inactivation of Clostridium spp. endospores treated with nisin and reutericyclin. 6th International Conference on High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology, August 28 - September 1, 2010, Technische Universität München, Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany. (oral presentation; I am co-supervisor of Hofstetter) Hong P.K. and M. Betti. 2010. Fatty acid content & oxidation level in turkey breast with different pH. Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 25, Edmonton, Alberta. (Poster) Hrynets Y. D.A. Omana, Y. Xu and M. Betti. 2010. Comparative study on the effect of acid- and alkalineaided extractions on Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat (MSTM): Processing Yield and Lipid Composition. Institute of Food Technologist Annual Meeting & Food Expo, July 17 –20, 2010 Hrynets Y., D.A. Omana, Y. Xu and M. Betti. 2010. Extraction of valuable compounds from Mechanically Separated Turkey Meat (MSTM). Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 25, Edmonton, Alberta. (Poster) Johnson, M. L. and D. R. Korver. 2010. Carotenoids in poultry nutrition. Pre-conference symposium. Proceedings of the 31st Western Nutrition Conference, September 21-23 Saskatoon, SK. Electronic Proceedings. 10 pages. Johnson, M. L. and D. R. Korver. 2010. The deposition rate of canthaxanthin in laying hen eggs.

Li, S., M. Gänzle and J. Wu. 2010. Reduce the allergenicity of egg white proteins by fermentations. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of ~ 90). Liu Y., M. Betti and M. Gaenzle.2010. Inactivation of Campylobacter and spoilage bacteria on poultry by high hydrostatic pressure (HHP). Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 25, Edmonton, Alberta. (Poster) Liu, Y., M. Betti, and M. G. Gänzle. 2010. Resistance of Campylobacter jejuni and other bacteria associated with poultry meat to high hydrostatic pressure. 6th International Conference on High Pressure Bioscience and Biotechnology (HPBB2010) August 28 - September 1, 2010, Technische Universität München. Majumber, K., W. Huyang, S. Chakraborti, S. Davidge, and J. Wu. 2011. Egg bioactive peptides and cardiovascular diseases. Poultry Industry AGM. March 1, Red Deer, Alberta. Majumder, K., H. Wang, S. Chakraborti, S. Davidge and J. Wu. 2010. Egg bioactive peptides and cardiovascular diseases. 1st annual Poultry Research Centre Seminar Series. November 19, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of 35). Majumder, K., H. Wang, S. Chakraborti, S. Davidge and J. Wu. 2010. Effect of egg protein derived bioactive peptides on vascular inflammation. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of ~ 90). Malik, B. and J. Wu. 2010. The effect of sulfitolysis on the allergenicity of egg white protein. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of ~ 90).

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Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Mba, E. T., R. A. Renema, A. Pishnamazi, and M. J. Zuidhof. 2010. Manipulating broiler breeder female dietary protein:energy ratio to modify carcass composition. Presented at the Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting. Edmonton, AB. May 25-26, 2010. (audience of 80). McMullen, L. M. 2010. Antimicrobial Ingredients. Ontario Food Proection Association Spring Meeting. April 22, 2010. Toronto, ON. (audience of 150). McMullen, L. M. 2010. Food Safety – A Public Trust. Northlands Farm and Ranch Show, April 8, 2010. Edmonton, AB. (audience of 25). Moraes, T.G.V., M. J. Zuidhof, E. Mba Tanjong, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Impact of Maternal Nutrition on Egg Composition, Embryo Development, Chick Quality and Broiler Growth. Presented at the Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting. Edmonton, AB. May 25-26, 2010. (audience ofof 80). Moraes, T.V.G., M. J. Zuidhof, A. Pishnamazi, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Effects of dietary energy and broiler breeder efficiency on egg production and fertility. Presentation to the Prairie Poultry Meeting. June 7-9, 2010. (audience of of 60. Muringai, V and E. Goddard. 2010. Comparison of Consumers’ Concerns About Genetically Modified Foods and Perceptions About GM Labelling in Canada and Japan. Poster presented at the Alberta Livestock Genomics Program Annual General Meeting, May 11-13, 2010, Calgary Canada. Myae, A. C. and E. Goddard. 2010 Consumers’ behaviour with respect to trust in institutions and demographics: the special case of consumers who eat bison, elk and venison. Poster presented at the Alberta Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, May, 2010, Red Deer, Canada. (co-second prize winner) – includes chicken and turkey. Nain, S. and R. A. Renema. 2010. Exploring Alternate Laying Hen Feeding Methods To Improve Lutein and Omega-3 PUFA Deposition In Table Eggs. Innovations in Poultry Science – Proceedings of the 2010 Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, Edmonton, AB. Page 16. Also available at www.poultryresearchcentre.ca

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Navidghasemizad, S., F. Temelli and J. Wu. 2010. Effect of proteolytic and lipolytic enzyme combinations on physicochemical properties of leftover egg yolk pellet. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of ~ 90). Navidghasemizad, S., F. Temelli and J.Wu. 2010. Phospholipid from egg yolk: it's bioactivities and applications. 1st annual Poultry Research Centre Seminar Series. November 19, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of 35). Navidghasemizad, S., F. Temelli and J. Wu. 2011. Effect of Proteolytic and Lipolytic Enzymes Combination on Physicochemical Properties of Leftover Egg Yolk. Poultry Industry AGM. March 1, Red Deer, Alberta. Nimalaratne, C., D. Lopes-Lutz, A. Schieber and J. Wu. 2011. Effect of Domestic Cooking Methods on Egg Yolk Xanthophylls. Poultry Industry AGM. March 1, Red Deer, Alberta. Nimalaratne, C., A. Schieber, and J. Wu. 2011. Effect of Cooking Methods on Egg Yolk Carotenoids. Poultry Industry AGM. March 1, Red Deer, Alberta. Offendenden, M. and J. Wu. 2010. Characterization of egg white ovomucin and its potential use as a value-added ingredient. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of ~ 90). Omana, A. O. and M. Betti. 2010. High pressure processing of comminuted chicken breast meat: Effect of β-glucan on the physico-chemical properties of the prepared products. Institute of Food Technologist Annual Meeting & Food Expo, July 17–20, 2010 Omana, D. A. and M. Betti. 2010. High pressure processing of chicken breast meat: effect of β-glucan on the properties of prepared Products. Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 25, Edmonton, Alberta. (Poster) Oryschak, M. and E. Beltranena. 2010. Wheat DDGS – a 21st century feedstuff for poultry production. Poster presented at the 2011 Research and Innovation Division Meeting. Nov 16- 18, 2010, Red Deer, AB.


Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Oryschak, M., D. Korver, A. Pishnamazi and E. Beltranena. 2011. Can Feeding Diets Containing up to 10% DDGS Maintain Broiler Performance While Reducing Feed Costs? (Poster). 2011 Poultry Commodity Group Annual General Meetings, March 1st, 2011. Red Deer, AB. Oryschak, M., E. Beltranena and D. Korver. 2011. Can Fractionation Technology Enhance the Nutritional Value of Wheat DDGS for Poultry? (Poster). 2011 Poultry Commodity Group Annual General Meetings, March 1st, 2011. Red Deer, AB. Oryschak, M., E. Beltranena, F. Hernandez and D. Korver. 2010. Wheat DDGS as a feedstuff for poultry. Feed Opportunities from Biofuels Industries (FOBI) Network Symposium “Utilization of dried distillers’ grains with solubles in livestock feeding”, held in conjunction with the 2010 Western Nutrition Conference. Sept 23rd, 2010. Saskatoon, SK. Paul, D. C., M. J. Zuidhof, A. Pishnamazi, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Impact of feeding time, photoperiod and dietary energy levels on oviposition time in broiler breeder females. Presentation to the Prairie Poultry Meeting. June 7-9, 2010. (audience of 60). Paul, D. C., M. J. Zuidhof, A. Pishnamazi, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Relationship of core body temperature biotelemetry and physiological events in broiler breeder hens. Presented at the Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting. Edmonton, AB. May 25-26, 2010. (audience of 80). Penrice, D., F. E. Robinson, M. J. Zuidhof, and J. Holdstock. 2010. Using YouTube Video Projects in a Class to Develop Communication Skills for Students and to Create Agricultural Awareness in a Broader Community. NACTA J. (Abstract 274). 2010 NACTA/SERD Conference, College Station, PA, June 22-25, 2010. Remanan, M. and J. Wu. 2010. Antioxidant activity of table eggs. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of ~ 90). Ren, J. and J. Wu. 2010. Phosvitin phosphopeptides – a functional food ingredient derived from leftover egg yolk. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of ~ 90).

Renema, R. A., and M. J. Zuidhof. 2010. Broiler Yield Efficiency: Whose Job is it? Proceedings of the Alberta Chicken Producers Research Symposium. Red Deer, Alberta. February 22, 2010. Renema, R. A., and M. J. Zuidhof. 2010. Broiler Yield Efficiency: Whose Job is it? Proceedings of the Alberta Chicken Producers Research Symposium. Red Deer, Alberta. February 22, 2010. Renema, R. A., M. J. Zuidhof, and F. E. Robinson. 2010. Factores que inluyen en la Fisiologia de la produccion de huevos. Proceedings of the XII Seminario Internacional de Patologia y Produccion Aviar. Athens, Georgia, April 26-30, 2010. Renema, Rob, M. J. Zuidhof and F. E. Robinson. 2010. Optimal Broiler Breeder Management: Success is in the Details. Proceedings of the Congreso Nacional de Avicultura - Peru 2010. LXXII Aniversario. Lima, Peru. June 22-25, 2010. Robinson, F. E. 2010. Feed Allocation to the Broiler Breeder Hen. Arbor Acres Breeder School. Huntsville Alabama. Robinson, F. E. 2010. Feed Allocation to the Broiler Breeder Hen. Arbor Acres Breeder School. Mexico City, Mexico. Robinson, F. E. 2010. Photostimulation of the Broiler Breeder Hen. Arbor Acres Breeder School. Huntsville Alabama. Robinson, F. E. 2010. Photostimulation of the Broiler Breeder Hen. Arbor Acres Breeder School. Mexico City, Mexico. Robinson, F. E. 2010. Strain Differences in Response to Feed Allocation and Photoperiod. Arbor Acres Breeder School. Huntsville Alabama. Robinson, F. E. 2010. Strain Differences in Response to Feed Allocation and Photoperiod. Arbor Acres Breeder School. Mexico City, Mexico. Robinson, F. E., D. C. Penrice, and M. J. Zuidhof. 2010. There’s a Heifer in Your Tank! Canadian Association of College and University Student Services (CACUSS) annual meeting. Edmonton, AB. June 21, 2010. (audience of 250).

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Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Robinson, F. E., D. C. Penrice, G. Kendall, M. J. Zuidhof, and T. A. Reimer. 2010. Student Demographics in an Introductory Animal Science Class Before and After the Introduction of Inquiry-Based Learning. NACTA J. (Abstract 131). 2010 NACTA/SERD Conference, College Station, PA, June 22-25, 2010. Saunders-Blades, J. L., K. L. Nadeau and D. R. Korver. 2010. What are the benefits of dietary 25-OH D3 (HyD) for commercial turkey production. Oral presentation at the Prairie Poultry Meeting, June 7-9, 2010, Edmonton, AB. (audience of 70). Saunders-Blades, J. L., K. L. Nadeau and D. R. Korver. 2011. What are the benefits of dietary 25-OH D3 (HyD) for commercial turkey production? Project update 2011. Presentation (20 minutes) to the Alberta Turkey Producers and their Annual General Meeting on March 1, 2011 in Red Deer, AB. Approximately 50 people in attendance. Singla S., D. Korver and M. Betti. 2010. Factors responsible for discoloration of bone-in chicken thigh. Poultry Research Centre Annual General Meeting, May 25, Edmonton, Alberta. (Poster) Schneider, B. L., Carney, V. L. D. R. Korver and R. A. Renema. 2010. Management strategies to increase Alberta egg farm revenue. Alberta Egg Producers Regional Meetings. This talk was an update of our progress on an ALMA/Alberta Egg Producers-funded project investigating the causes of the abnormally high production of smaller than expected eggs in Alberta. Edmonton, June 15, 2010 approximately 100 people in attendance. Lethbridge, June 17, 2010 – (audience of 120 people). Torres, C. A. and D. R. Korver. 2010. Breeder age and dietary Cu, Zn and Mn source affect chick bone development at hatch. Prairie Poultry Meeting, June 7-9, 2010, Edmonton, AB. Ullah, A. and J. Wu. 2010. Biodegradable Plastics from Poultry Feathers. Oral and poster presentation at the 2nd Annual BCN Strategic Retreat, November 7-9, 2010 , Banff, Alberta. (Winner of the PDF Oral Presentation Competition (audience of 150). Ullah, A. and J. Wu. 2011. Feather Keratin-Based Thermoplastic Resins. Poultry Industry AGM. March 1, Red Deer, Alberta. Wang, C. and J. Wu. 2010. Utilization of ProteinContaining Agricultural Waste and by-Products for Adhesive Development. Poster Presentation at the 2nd Annual BCN Strategic Retreat, November 7-9, 2010 at the

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Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise near Banff, Alberta. (audience of 150) Wang, C. and J. Wu. 2011. Development of Adhesive from Protein-Containing Agricultural Waste and By-Products. Poultry Industry AGM. March 1, Red Deer, Alberta. Wang, C. and J. Wu. 2011. Utilization of spent-hen proteins for adhesive development. Alberta Hatching Eggs - Spent Fowl Strategy Session. January 19, Leduc Food Processing Centre, Alberta. Wu, J. 2010. Explore eggs as functional food ingredients. Presentation made to the Agriculture and Food Council, November 12, Nisku, Alberta. Wu, J. 2010. Opportunities and challenges in value-added egg research. Presentation made to the PRC commercialization meeting, September 28, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta (audience of 20). Yegani, M. and D. R. Korver. 2010. Effects of corn source and exogenous enzyme products on ileal digestibility of nutrients and energy in broiler chickens. Yu, W., C. Field and J. Wu. 2010. Bioactive peptides from spent hens. Poster presentation at the PRC annual meeting, May 25, 2010, Edmonton, Alberta ( audience of ~ 90). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Commercialization opportunity: Precision broiler breeder feeding system. Presentation to Commercialization and Technology Adoption at the PRC meeting. September 28, 2010. (audience of 15). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Considerations for optimizing the process of n-3 enrichment. Invited presentation to the PRC seminar series, Edmonton, AB. September 30, 2010. (audience of 40). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Current research insights for managing the Ross 708 broiler. Invited presentation to Maple Leaf Producer Meeting, Edmonton, AB. July 20, 2010. (audience of 30). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Nonlinear responses of broilers to dietary energy and protein. Presentation to Wallenstein/ DSM technical meeting. Edmonton, AB, May 19, 2010. (audience of 10). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Models in broiler nutrition: A quest for optima. Proceedings of the New Zealand Poultry Industry Conference, Palmerston North, NZ, October 1213, 2010. Invited presentation (audience of 100). 10 pp.


Scientific and Industry Presentations (cont.) Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Precision broiler breeder feeding system. Presentation including funding request to the Alberta Hatching Egg Producers Board. August 3, 2010. (audience of 10). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Quality Committee Update: Regression Analysis Study. Final report presented to Alberta Chicken Producers Quality Committee, Edmonton, AB. January 8, 2010. (audience of 10). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Reproductive attitudes and nutritional optimization. Presentation to Wallenstein/DSM technical meeting. Edmonton, AB, May 18, 2010. (audience of 10). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. The Effects of Density on the Broiler Value Chain. Invited presentation to the Alberta Chicken Producers Research Symposium, Red Deer, AB. February 22, 2010. Proceedings, 14 pp. (audience of 125). Zuidhof, M. J. and F. E. Robinson. 2010. “Cluck”. Edutainment for Poultry Research Centre meeting. April 30, 2010. (audience of 35). Zuidhof, M. J. 2010. Nonlinear responses of broilers to dietary energy and protein. Proceedings of the MidAtlantic Nutrition Conference, Timonium, MD, Mar. 24-25, 2010. Invited presentation (audience of 80). 8 pp. Zuidhof, M. J.2010. The effects of density on the broiler value chain. Proceedings of the Alberta Chicken Producers Research Symposium, Red Deer, AB, Feb. 22, 2010. Invited presentation (audience of 125). 14 pp.

Industry Conference, Palmerston North, NZ, October 1213, 2010. Invited presentation (audience of 100). 7 pp. Zuidhof, M. J., E. Tanjong Mba, D. C. Paul, D. E. Holm, F. E. Robinson, R. A. Renema, Y. Ren, T. Moraes, and A. Pishnamazi. 2010. X-Weighted - Quest for the ideal broiler breeder body weight. Proceedings of the 35th Poultry Service Industry Workshop, Banff, AB. October 5-7, 2010. Invited presentation (audience of 120). 9 pp. Zuidhof, M. J., M. Clarke, M. Wallace, A. Tuckwood, D. Penrice, and F. E. Robinson. 2010. Student Video Project Influences Consumer Perceptions About Antibiotic Usage in Livestock Production. NACTA J. (Abstract 288). 2010 NACTA/SERD Conference, College Station, PA, June 22-25, 2010. Zuidhof, M. J., R. A. Renema, A. Pishnamazi, and D. C. Paul. 2010. Optimizing environmental temperatures for broiler production. Presentation to the Prairie Poultry Meeting. June 7-9, 2010. (audience of 60). Martin Zuidhof – International Guest Lecture ASCI 350 (Applied Monogastric Nutrition). California Polytechnic State University. San Luis Obispo, CA, USA. Nonlinear responses of broilers to dietary energy and protein. May 28, 2010. Class of 40 students.

Zuidhof, M. J., A. Pishnamazi, C. Ouellette, D. Paul, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Diet x temperature interactions in broiler breeders and broilers. Proceedings of the California Animal Nutrition Conference. Fresno, CA, May 26-27, 2010. Invited presentation (audience of 150). 9 pp. Zuidhof, M. J., A. Pishnamazi, C. Ouellette, D. R. Korver, and R. A. Renema. 2010. Broiler nutrition: Optimizing genotype x environment interactions. Proceedings of the Eastern Nutrition Conference, Guelph, ON, May 12-13, 2010. Invited presentation to an audience of of approximately 120. 13 pp. Zuidhof, M. J., E. Tanjong Mba, D. C. Paul, D. E. Holm, F. E. Robinson, R. A. Renema, Y. Ren, T. Moraes, and A. Pishnamazi. 2010. Current issues in broiler breeder nutrition. Proceedings of the New Zealand Poultry

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Industry Reports Goddard, E., C. Schram, W. Huang, J. Yang, L. Drescher. 2010. “Value-Added Meat: Valuing Past Successes and Predicting Future Winners�, final report prepared for Alberta Livestock and Meat Agency, also Department of Rural Economy Project Report 10-05, 85 pages. Renema, R. A., S. Nain, D. R. Korver, M. J. Zuidhof, and V. L. Carney. Poultry Industry Council. Project #250. Improving the Effectiveness of Laying Hens for use in Value-added Egg Production. April, 2010. 79 pp. Renema, R. A., S. Nain, D. R. Korver, M. J. Zuidhof, and V. L. Carney. Project #2007F050R final report for Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund, Agriculture and Food Council. Poultry Research Centre Studentship Final Report. Improving the Effectiveness of Laying Hens for use in Value-added Egg Production. June, 2010. 83 pp. Renema, R. A., Y. Ren, J. Wu, M. J. Zuidhof, and V. L. Carney. Poultry Industry Council. Project #277. Oxidative Stability of Omega-3 PUFA Enriched Eggs Fortified with Antioxidants and Subjected to a Range of Cooking Conditions. May, 2010. 98 pp. Renema, R. A., B. L. Schneider, M. Betti, and M. J. Zuidhof. Final project report to Alberta Farm Animal Care. Ante -mortem Stressors Affect Broiler Meat Value June 2010. 38 pp. Renema, R., M. Zuidhof and F. Robinson. Final Research Report to the Saskatchewan Chicken Industry

Development Fund. Chick quality: Links to chick score, maternal efficiency, and enrichment of the maternal diet. March 2011. 43 pp. Wu, J. QSAR-aided study of antihypertensive peptides from eggs (Final report to Agriculture Funding Consortium). Submitted on July, 2010, total 137 pages. Wu, J. Integrated utilization of leftover egg yolk pellet after antibody extraction (Interim report to Agriculture Funding Consortium), submitted June 3, 2010, total 17 pages. Wu, J. Phytochemicals in hen eggs (Final report to Egg Farmers of Canada), submitted February, 2010, total 13 pages. Wu, J. Utilization of protein-containing agriculture waste and by-products for adhesive development (annual report to Agriculture Funding Consortium), submitted August 31, 2010, total 15 pages. Wu, J. Protein-based biomaterials from spent hens (annual report to Canadian Poultry Research Council), submitted August 31, 2010, total 13 pages. Xu, Z. and E. Goddard. 2010. Analysis of Value-Added Meat Purchase Behaviour by Canadian Households, final report prepared for Alberta Livestock and Meat Agency, also Department of Rural Economy Project Report 10-04, 115 pages.

Trade Publications Korver, D. 2010. Reducing the incidence of black bone. World Poultry. No. 9, Vol. 26. Pp. 36-38. Reed Business Publishers, Doetinchem, the Netherlands.

Yegani, M., and D. Korver. 2010. Manipulation of poultry gut mircoflora with probiotics. Feed International, July/ August, Pp. 20-21. Watt Publishing Co., Rockford, IL, USA.

Ren. Y., J. Wu and R. Renema. 2009. Y.H. (eds). Handbook of Poultry Science and Technology: Volume 1: Primary Processing. Blackwell-Wiley Publishing, New York. (In press).

Yegani, M., and D. Korver. 2010. Manipulation of poultry gut mircoflora with probiotics. Poultry International, July/ August, Pp. 35-37. Watt Publishing Co., Rockford, IL, USA.

Wu, J., K. Majumder and K. Gibbons. 2010. Bioactive proteins and peptides from eggs. In Mine, Y., Li-Chan, E.C.Y., and Jiang, B. (eds). Biological Active Proteins and Peptides in Foods. Blackwell-Wiley Publishing, New York. P 247-264. (invited book chapter).

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Books and Book Chapters Novak, S., S. Moehn, M. Yegani, D. Korver, (2010), MONOGASTRIC NUTRITION, in Animal and Plant Productivity, *Ed. Robert J. Hudson +, in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems(EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, EOLSS Publishers, Oxford ,UK. http:// www.eolss.net/outlinecomponents/Animal-PlantProductivity.aspx December 2, 2010.

Patents Betti, M. and Y. Xu. Protein compositions and methods of making and using thereof. PCT Application No. PCT/ US10/34169, filed May 10, 2010. Wu, J., M. Ganzle, S. Li. 2010. Preparing Hypoallergenic Egg White Proteins by Fermentation US Provisional Application No. 61/364,958 (July 16, 2010) Wu, J. and K. Majumder. 2010. Peptides that inhibit angiotensin converting enzyme and peptides with antioxidant activity purified from ovotransferrin and methods of producing and using the same. WO/2010/106437 (publication date; 23.09.2010). Also as “Bioactive peptides and methods of producing and using the same.� PCT/US2010/27960US

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Acronyms Used ARD AAET

Alberta Advanced Education Technology

AAFC

Agriculture and Agri-food Canada

AIBio

Alberta Innovates Bio-Solutions

ALMA

Alberta Livestock Meat Agency

ACP ACIDF

Alberta Chicken Producers Alberta Crop Industry Development Fund

AEP

Alberta Egg Producers

AFC

Agriculture Food Council

AFNS

Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science

AHEP

Alberta Hatching Egg Producers

ALIDF

Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund

ALMA

Alberta Livestock Meat Agency

ATP ALES CBHEMA

Alberta Turkey Producers Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences Canadian Broiler and Hatching Egg Marketing Agency

CFIA

Canadian Food Inspection Agency

CPRC

Canadian Poultry Research Council

EFC

Egg Farmers Canada

NACTA

North American Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture

NSERC

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council

NSERC DG

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Discovery Grant

PIC

Poultry Industry Council

PRC

Poultry Research Centre

PSA

Poultry Science Association

SCIDF

Saskatchewan Chicken Industry Development Fund

U of A

University of Alberta

USDA-ARS

38

Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development

United States Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service


Notes

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Notes


Notes


Notes


PRC Annual Report 2010  

Poultry Research Centre Report 2010

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