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Annual Report The Poultry Research Centre University of Alberta Fiscal Year April 1, 2006 – March 31, 2007

The Poultry Research Centre University of Alberta Edmonton, AB, Canada T6H 2V8 Tel: 780.492.1561 Fax: 780.492.4346 Email: iwona.pawlina@ualberta.ca www.poultryresearchcentre.ca


TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAIR’S REPORT........................................................................................................................2 EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR’S REPORT...........................................................................................3 NEW FACES AT THE POULTRY RESEARCH CENTRE ............................................................5 RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS ...........................................................................................................7 LEADERSHIP TEAM ..................................................................................................................10 RESEARCH SCIENTISTS..........................................................................................................10 RESEARCH TEAM .....................................................................................................................11 GRADUATE STUDENTS............................................................................................................12 RESEARCH GRANT FUNDING: LIST OF PROJECTS .............................................................13 BASE FUNDING .........................................................................................................................16 RESEARCH GRANT FUNDING .................................................................................................17 FACILITY USAGE.......................................................................................................................18 EVIDENCE OF PRODUCTIVITY................................................................................................19

A. REFERRED PAPERS IN SCHOLARLY JOURNALS....................................................................... 19 B. CONFERENCE PRESENTATIONS (ABSTRACTS)........................................................................ 20 C. SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRY PRESENTATION (WITH OR WITHOUT PROCEEDINGS) ................... 23 E. COMMUNITY SERVICES .......................................................................................................... 26 G. PRC STAFF AND STUDENTS AWARDS AND HONORS ............................................................. 29 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ........................................................................................................30


Celebrating our 21st Year of Excellence in Research and Learning The Poultry Research Centre at the University of Alberta (UofA) is an internationally recognized collaborative R&D and learning hub - a unique partnership between the UofA, Alberta Agriculture and Food (AAF) and the poultry industry. History The Centre was established in 1986, following the closure of the Provincial Poultry Research facilities in Edmonton and the retirement of Drs. Don Clandinin and Alex Robblee. The poultry industry, the UofA and the provincial government established the Poultry Research Centre and hired three poultry professors. Since the beginning, the Centre has engaged in research from primary production efficiency to food quality assessment and consumer preferences. In 2005, the Centre’s mission was expanded to extend its focus to value-added products with $5 million in support from the Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund and the Alberta Agriculture Research Institute. The continuous growth of the Poultry Research Centre over the past 20 years has been due to increased external funding. With this growth has come new infrastructure. In the past 6 years over $3 million has been invested in poultry unit upgrading. The Poultry Research Centre is primarily a team of scientists who have established and maintained strong working relationships among themselves and with other research teams nationally and internationally. Currently the team consists of 12 researchers, 12 technicians, 23 graduate students and administrative support.

Operations The Poultry Research Centre has a unique operational model. It is guided by an Advisory Board with members from across Canada representing industry, researchers, the University of Alberta and Alberta Agriculture and Food. Researchers from the UofA and Alberta Agriculture and Food work side by side on research projects, and our industry partners help us stay focused on issues relevant to the poultry industry’s needs in Canada. The PRC Advisory Board of Directors: Mr. Steve Howe, Chair, Starline Poultry, AB Mr. Don Copeland, Vice Chair, ON Ms. Deborah Whale, Clovermead Farms Inc. ON Mr. Robin Horel, Canadian Poultry and Egg Processors Council, ON Mr. Duane Olson, Alberta Turkey Producers, AB Mr. Lloyd Johnston, Alberta Chicken Producers, AB Mr. Darcy Fitzgerald, Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund Ltd., AB Dr. Doug Korver, Dept. of AFNS, University of Alberta Ms. Michelle Follensbee, Alberta Agriculture and Food Dr. Iwona Pawlina, Dept. of AFNS, University of Alberta (advisory only) Dr. Frank Robinson, Dept. of AFNS, University of Alberta (advisory only) Dr. Martin Zuidhof, Alberta Agriculture and Food (advisory only) The national composition of the Poultry Research Centre Advisory Board of Directors with strong representation from the industry ensures that the Poultry Research Centre remains relevant to the Canadian poultry industry as a whole.

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Chair’s Report The Poultry Research Centre Advisory Board met on April 18, 2006, in Edmonton to set a strategic direction for the Centre. Based on the Board’s recommendations, the Alberta Poultry Research Centre is now named the Poultry Research Centre (PRC) to better reflect the scope of work at the Centre, the impact of which extends well beyond Alberta’s borders. The Advisory Board has also recommended changes to the PRC Vision and Goals to stress the importance of excellence in learning, research, and knowledge transfer in strong partnership with industry. Vision Excellence in research and learning through partnerships with the entire value chain to advance the development of value-added poultry products and production practices. Goals •

To conduct excellent research that leads to the development of innovative and sustainable production systems To serve as a leading source of scientific knowledge that supports the production of safe, high quality poultry products that meet changing consumer needs To foster an environment of learning that incorporates input from industry, as well as teaching, technical transfer and knowledge transfer activities To connect with industry on a continuous manner, both in the receiving of input and the transferring of knowledge

In November, the PRC held its Annual General Meeting in which the PRC Advisory Board approved a five year budget, provided recommendations on the strategic directions

of the Centre and appointed two new board members: Duane Olson, Director, Alberta Turkey Producers, and Doug Korver, Professor, UofA. The board also thanked Erasmus Okine (UofA) and Erv Wiens (Lilydale) for their hard work and invaluable contributions to the Centre. Drs. Frank Robinson and Martin Zuidhof agreed to continue to serve on the board in an advisory capacity. IFASA The PRC is a major contributor to the Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences, Alberta (IFASA) - a new collaborative research partnership between the UofA, Alberta Agriculture and Food, the Alberta Research Council and Agriculture, Agri-Food Canada. The Institute was formed in May 2003 to consolidate resources within the Alberta food and agricultural sector and work together for the collaborative management and delivery of agriculture, agri-food and agriindustrial programs. Agri-Food Canada joined IFASA in 2006. The IFASA Value Added Meat Program (VAM) leadership approached me to serve on their Advisory Board of Directors. I accepted the appointment as a poultry industry member. Dr. Iwona Pawlina is a Program Committee member of the IFASA VAM program, representing the Poultry Research Centre. The Poultry Research Centre is looking forward to opportunities provided by the IFASA programs to further expand its research capabilities. The next 12 months, no doubt, will be very exciting at the Centre. With new scientists complementing the PRC team and secured funds for the next 5 years, the Centre is well positioned to carry on its commitment to the advancement and development of our poultry industry. I look forward to working with Iwona and the PRC team again this year. Steve Howe, Chair

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Executive Director’s Report It is my pleasure to share with you highlights from our activities and accomplishments in the last year. The PRC is excellence in research and learning. It is about collaboration, communication and common vision shared by talented and hard working people in the agriculture community, including the PRC scientists, students and staff and poultry industry, university and government leaders who together achieve excellence. The PRC welcomes new researchers and staff In the last year, we welcomed Drs. Mirko Betti, Jianping Wu and Rob Renema. With the addition of three new poultry scientists, the Centre is geared up to meet consumer demand for products that go beyond traditional choices and include new products derived from dark meat and health-promoting extracts from eggs. We also welcomed Mr. Skylar Kozak, Mr. Yan Xu and Mr. Chris Ouellette, to our technical staff and Ms. Laurie Heidebrecht, a new Administrative Secreatary. The Province of Alberta recognizes one of our own. On October 6, 2006, Dr. Frank Robinson was inducted into the Alberta Agriculture Hall of Fame. Frank was recognized for his leadership in innovative teaching and learning as well as for his outstanding contribution to the development of the agricultural industry in Alberta.

We Transfer knowledge and technologies The Poultry Science Association’s 95th Annual Meeting. In July 16-19, 2006, the PRC, in collaboration with the Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science at the UofA, organized the Poultry Science Association’s 95th Annual Meeting in Edmonton. This event attracted more than 600 participants from national and international research communities. The PSA is a global scientific society dedicated to the discovery and dissemination of knowledge generated by poultry research that enhances human and animal health and well-being and provides for the ethical, sustainable production of food. Industry Workshops On July 20, 2006, the PRC hosted a workshop “Euthanasia Disposal for Catastrophic Poultry Disease Events”. On August 14-17, the PRC held an industry workshop on “Managing the Modern Broiler Breeder” sponsored by the PRC, the UofA and Aviagen. This event, with its expert presentations and a hands-on laboratory session, provided a great balance between theory and practice. Community learning. “There’s a Heifer in Your Tank” event once again provided science answers to questions you didn’t know you had about animal agriculture”. This public event is part of Animal Science 200 course. The class entertained audiences of 500 in Edmonton and in Westlock.

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This year the Heifer Team was joined by grade 7 students from Hillcrest Junior High School in Edmonton who prepared for this event by participating in ‘SCHOOL AT THE U: Ag Edition’ at the Edmonton Research Station at the University of Alberta.

I would like to take the opportunity to thank my colleagues: researchers, students and staff for a fantastic year at the Poultry Research Centre.

Partnership with educational institutions.

The PRC would not achieve its current success without valuable partners and supporters:

Olds College Meat Program students took part in three, two-day field trips to the PRC The education of these students was enriched by touring production facilities and participating in the slaughtering, evisceration, and cut-up of chicken carcasses. This initiative is the PRC’s direct contribution to attracting young people to agriculture and the poultry industry in Alberta.

I would also like to thank the PRC Advisory Board of Director for promoting the Poultry Centre, for their guidance, support and active participation in our PRC activities. Thank you for helping us remain relevant to the poultry industry in Canada.

The University of Alberta Alberta Agriculture and Food Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund Alberta Agricultural Research Institute Alberta Chicken Producers Alberta Egg Producers Alberta Hatching Egg Producers Alberta Turkey Producers Lilydale Foods Maple Leaf Poultry Canadian Egg Marketing Agency Sparks Farms Burnbrae Farms Vanderpol's Eggs Ltd.

Iwona Pawlina, Executive Director Photo by Darcy Fitzgerald

Thank you for your support from the PRC researchers, students and staff. The Poultry Research Centre Annual Report 2006/2007

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New Faces at the Poultry Research Centre Dr. Mirko Betti, a new value-added poultry meat scientist from Italy, is leading a project that produces white meat from dark meat using a process that separates the two ingredients which make white and dark meat look and taste different – myoglobin and fat. The resulting meat substrate would be ideal for chicken nuggets or a similar product. Dr. Jianping Wu, a new value-added egg scientist from China, is interested in mining high-value egg ingredients from one of nature’s most perfect foods. In his research, Dr. Wu focuses on the compounds in eggs that can be used for non-food applications, such as medicinal products. The ingredients found in eggs can be extracted and may someday be used in treatments for HIV or cancer. Dr. Wu’s research at the PRC will also be focused on the development of functional food egg products, adding value to the whole chain of egg production. Dr. Robert Renema, a value-added poultry scientist, focuses on poultry physiology to determine the best way to efficiently create value-added poultry products. Through his research, Renema aims to determine the best feed and production practices that will lead not only to improvements in the birds’ health and livelihood, but also produce health benefits for humans.

Ms. Shannon Park BHE, MBA, Senior Development Officer, Poultry with Alberta Agriculture and Food. The adoption of technologies and research outcomes with commercial potential by industry is a goal of the PRC. Shannon’s position is a join position between the PRC and Alberta Agriculture and Food. Shannon assists in the Centre’s collaboration with industry to commercialize research results developed at the Centre. Shannon will also identify some of the market needs that could be addressed by the Poultry Research Centre. This will involve keeping abreast of consumer trends and working with the researchers to develop ways of capitalizing on new opportunities to ensure the continued growth of a healthy, innovative poultry industry. Ms. Laurie Heidebrecht is the PRC Administrative Secretary. Laurie welcomes our visitors and assists with office administration. Laurie and Felicity Dennis run a Newcomers’ Welcome Program at the PRC to assist new academics and new students to assimilate in Edmonton and the PRC.

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Mr. Chris Ouellette, PEng., B.Sc, University of Alberta, Agricultural Engineering. The PRC’s equipment is working like a Swiss watch thanks to the support provided by Mr. Chris Ouellette. Chris is the PRC’s instrumentation technician developing sophisticated data monitoring systems and maintaining research equipment.

Mr. Yan Xu, BSc, MSc, Hebei University, China. Yan is a Value-added Poultry Meat technician assisting Dr. Betti with research on dark meat utilization.

Mr. Skylar Kozak, BSc., University of Alberta with specialization in cell biology is a High Value Egg technician and member of Dr. Wu’s research team.

Welcome to the Poultry Research Centre

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Research Highlights Korver. We have further demonstrated and characterized differences in immune function between random-bred and modern commercial broilers. This has implications for understanding how modern birds deal with immune challenges, which may become more important as we see the reduction in the use of growth-promoting antibiotics. Korver Use of antimicrobial drugs decreases the populations of bacteria that interfere with digestion of fat in young broiler chicks. Korver. Characterization of changes in bone density as broiler chicks age. This has implications for understanding bone growth, and was also related to changes in bicarbonate retention, which is part of our ongoing studies of protein metabolism in broiler chickens. Korver. Demonstration of the effects of layer hen strain and age at photostimulation on the end-of-lay bone density of hens. Zuidhof, Betti, Korver, Schneider, Carney, Renema, and Wismer completed a trial investigating optimization of omega-3 enrichment of broiler meat. We learned that growth performance is compromised dramatically if 35 day old broilers are fed ground flaxseed meal for more than 10 days prior to processing. We learned that functional properties of meat are negatively affected with increasing lengths of time on flaxseed meal. We found no consumer aversion to meat from broilers fed flaxseed meal. Renema, Franco-Jimenez, Zuidhof, and Robinson. Enriching laying hen diets with both lutein and omega-3 (via flaxseed) can reduce lutein uptake due to some of the antinutritive effects of high dietary flax. An alternating diet program (switch between lutein and w-3 diets) was an effective way to ensure good uptake of both lutein and omega3 fatty acids in egg enrichment programs. By the end of the study, birds fed flax had a

lower amount of breast muscle, while luteinfed birds had a reduced abdominal fatpad weight. While overall feed intake was similar, birds on the alternating diets ate more feed on the lutein-diet days. Romero, Naeima, Robinson, Renema, and Zudihof completed a broiler breeder experiment linking the efficiency of broiler breeders with efficiency and meat quality traits of broilers. The experiment included two breeder trials, and six pedigree broiler experiments. Analysis is continuing to determine phenotypic correlations between the hens and their progeny. When managed individually, less efficient hens produced more than when a common feed amount was allocated. The most efficient hens did better with a common feed allocation, as this meant they got more feed (and simply got heavier). An inefficient bird in a group based system will not be able to express its genetic egg production potential. Robinson led an initiative to produce a series of DVDs highlighting innovations in the poultry industry is on target. These videos and an accompanying handbook will provide valuable information to the public, educational groups, and will help producers explain what goes on every day in primary production of poultry products. Robinson, Renema and Feddes. Broiler breeder males have received considerable attention as being aggressive. We have shown this year that when these birds are raised in smaller groups that aggression is not a serious issue, which suggests that these birds are reacting to the social milieu of the environment, rather than being genetically aggressive Robinson and Renema. We have shown that 14-day chick growth potential is more related to chick length than it is chick body weight. Variability in the weight of the residual yolk sac contributes variability to chick weight.

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Renema, Robinson, Wolanski. The unused yolk remaining in the chick at hatch (residual yolk sac) increases disproportionately with chick size. As expected, chick weight differed for all size ranges. The 27% greater size of the chicks from the larger eggs did not last – stabilizing at a 15% size advantage through to 10 days of age. By 6 days after hatch, there was no relationship between residual yolk weight and chick weight. Chicks from the smaller eggs grew faster. Chicks from 52-60 g eggs increased body weight 5.1-fold by 10 days compared to a 4.6-fold increase by chicks from 61-66 g eggs. Robinson, Renema and Zuidhof. In commercial broiler breeders, there is no relationship between initial chick weight and pullet weight, or any production parameter. However, 4 weeks body weight and uniformity in 4 weeks body weight are related to mature hen and rooster weights. Holm, Robinson, Renema, and Zuidhof. We examined the relationship of feather cover in female broiler breeders with male BW distribution, aggression, and sexual behavior. As expected, birds with poorer feather cover also weighed less by the end of the breeder period – suggesting a role of feather cover in energy retention. Hen size was not linked with mating frequency. The moderate and wellfeathered hens spent more time on the slats – reducing mating encounters. Hens with the best feather coverage spent much more time circulating the pen than sitting or resting, and could be seen following behind aggressive males. Pens with highly uniform male BW, or with a cluster of males with similar body weight (skewed-high) had 7-fold more aggressive pecks and grabs compared to males in less uniform or skewed low body weight distributions, where a single male was dominant – leading to behavioral stability. Renema, Robinson, Romero, Pishnamazi, and Zuidhof. Dietary balanced protein was raised or lowered by 3% during key developmental periods during broiler breeder

rearing. Changes early in life (1-6 weeks) had a long-term effect on fleshing. The egg-support structures (liver and ovary) were influenced by dietary changes in the 7-13 weeks period. This is the first time we have seen a dietary impact on ovary development based on feed changes prior to 14 weeks of age, when the ovary was traditionally thought to become feed-sensitive. When dietary protein was changed from 13-18 weeks, long-term fatness and frame size was affected. Feddes, Ouellette, Wenger and Senthilselvan. An Evaluation of Air Quality in Broiler Barns during the Cleanout Operation. The mean total exposure time was 246 min (ranging from 41 to 484 min). The total gravimetric dust exposure for the barn cleanouts during the summer and winter months was 16 and 46 mg/m3, respectively. These exposures were almost 40 to 50 times higher than that during bird rearing conditions. The respirable dust exposure to particles greater than 0.3um for the barn cleanouts during the summer and winter months was 82 and 105 particles /mL and for particles greater than 0.5um it was 33 and 59 particles /mL. These exposures were almost two times higher than that during bird rearing conditions. At a minimum, a well fitted N95 respirator mask is imperative to minimize the dust exposure of the cleanout operator. Segura, Ouellette, Feddes, Fasenko and Zuidhof. Development of a metabolic calorimeter system to measure heat production of domestic avian embryos during incubation. The metabolic calorimeter system designed to measure the heat production of embryos during incubation performed within the expected ranges reported in the literature. The system was able to reliably detect the heat production from individual embryos once an hour over an 18 days period. Segura, Feddes and Zuidhof. Midday and nighttime cooling of broiler chickens. We found no differences in feed consumption were found between trials due to the high

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temperature treatments. As a result, weight, gain, feed conversion and mortality were also similar. These results suggest that broilers subjected to regular warm cyclic temperature fluctuations for 2 weeks prior to shipping are able to acclimatize, with no significant loss in body weight.

were -1.51 and -1.52, respectively. The higher persistence values are associated with sulphurcontaining compounds in the source, while the lower values are associated with nitrogen containing compounds.

Renema, Feddes, Schmid, Ford and Kolk. Internal Egg Temperature in Response to Preincubation Warming in Broiler Breeder and Turkey Eggs. This study characterized the maximum rate of temperature change that occurs when eggs are transferred from a storage or preincubation area to the incubator, creating baseline values for hatchery management protocols. The warming rate potential (k value) differed for egg type and temperature treatment. Final values for small and large broiler breeder eggs and turkey eggs were 0.0506, 0.0488, and 0.0471 kJ/min per kJ of energy in the egg, respectively. Senthilselvan, Feddes, Cherry, Beach and Zuidhof. Evaluation of Air Quality and Workers’ Health in Poultry Barns. Acute changes in respiratory health of workers and levels of indoor airborne contaminants were determined during the life cycle of broiler and layer flocks. Concentrations of respirable particle counts, ammonia and endotoxin (EU/m3) increased with flock age in broiler operations. A dose-response relationship was also observed between relative changes in three lung function measurements across work-shifts and flock age in layer operations, but not in broiler operations. Differences are likely based on time spent in barns. In layer operations, a significant association was observed between relative changes in lung function across the work-shift and airborne endotoxin concentration Ouellette, Segura and Feddes. Persistence: Odour intensity and concentration relationship for livestock odours. Persistence values ranged between -0.87 for stored swine manure to -1.59 for exhaust air from a pig nursery building. Broiler and layer manure

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Leadership Team Iwona Pawlina

Executive Director

Doug Korver

Academic Leader

Valerie Carney

Technology Transfer Specialist (AAF)

Shannon Park

Senior Poultry Industry Development Officer (AAF)

Lyle Bouvier

Poultry Research Centre Unit Manager

Research Scientists Frank Robinson

Professor and Associate Dean (Academic) AFHE Poultry Production and Physiology

Gaylene Fasenko

Assistant Professor Poultry Embryology and Chick Quality Vice-Chair WISEST

John Feddes

Professor Bio-Resource Engineering

Douglas Korver

Associate Professor Poultry Nutrition

Lynn McMullen

Professor Food Microbiology

Robert Renema

Assistant Professor Value Added Poultry

Jianping Wu

Assistant Professor High Value Egg Utilization (Egg protein chemistry)

Mirko Betti

Assistant Professor Value Added Poultry Meat

Martin Zuidhof

Poultry Research Scientist Bioeconomic Modeling

Wendy Wismer

Assistant Professor Sensory and Consumer Scientist

Ellen Goddard

Professor, Co-operative Chair in Agricultural Marketing and Business

Tomas Nilsson

Assistant Professor

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Research Team Unit/ Researcher

Fasenko

Research Associates PDFs

Graduate Students

Technical Staff

Under Graduate students/summer assistants

0

3

1

1

Feddes

1

Goddard Korver

1

6

2

2

McMullen

0

5

1

1

Robinson

2

5

1

2

1

1

Betti Zuidhof

1

1

Wu

1

Renema Nilsson

1

Wismer

0

1

Poultry Unit

0

1

4 Total

4

23

12

7

Technical and Administrative Support Team Mr. N. Davidson (Animal care technician) Mr. G. Hinse (Animal care technician) Mr. S. Rankin (Animal care technician) Ms. F. Dennis (Animal care technician) Ms. J. Manalang, (Research technician) Ms. K. Nadeau (Research technician) Ms. E. O'Dea (Research technician) Mr. I. Xu (Research technician) Ms. L. Heidebrecht (Administrative support) Mr. C. Ouellette (Instrumentation technician) Mr. S. Kozak (Research technician) Mr. N. Wolanski (Biosecurity Project Coordinator)

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Graduate Students Student Brenda Schneider

Degree MSc

Supervisor Betti

Name of Project Supply chain approach to meat quality

Ana Franco

MSc

Fasenko

Evaluating factors affecting chick quality

Jacob Hamidu

PhD

Fasenko

Examining flock age and strain effects on embryonic metabolism in turkeys

Margaret MacKenzie

PhD

Fasenko

Breeder parent age effects on fertility, embryonic mortality, and broiler chick quality

Russell Coleman

PhD

Korver

Use of the indicator amino acid oxidation technique to determine amino acid requirements in broiler chickens

Jennifer SaundersBlades

PhD

Korver

Effect Of 25-OH Vitamin D3 On Bone Mineral Density And Immune Function Of Chickens

Mojtaba Yegani

PhD

Korver

Evaluation of variability in feedstuff quality for poultry

Sandy Mael

PhD

Korver

“25-OH vitamin D3 in poultry”

Raven Kirschenman

MSc

Korver

Amino acid metabolism in broiler chickens

Hayat Shah

M Ag

Korver

Course-based Master’s

Michelle Jendral

PhD

Feddes

Hens Housed In Modified, Commercial And Colony Cages: An Assessment Of Welfare

Linda Ho

MSc

McMullen

Spoilage of meat by psychrotrophic Clostridium spp.

Julie Mori

PhD

McMullen

Antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter spp. – a case control study to determine origin.

Melissa Haveroen

PhD

McMullen

Detection of Bacteriocins in Meats

Jovana Kovacevic

MSc

McMullen

Persistence of Listeria in Meat Processing facilities

Kevin Webster

MSc

McMullen

Risk Ranking for Food Safety

Umesh Chand

MSc

Nilsson

Consumer Welfare, Firm Behaviour and Supply Management Policies in the Chicken Industry

Melanie Rustad

PhD

Robinson

Identification Of Early Indicators Of Metabolic And Reproductive Dysfunction From Over-Feeding Female Broiler Breeders

Nick Wolanski

MSc

Robinson

Reproductive Efficiency in Broiler Breeders

Adrienne Heron

MSc

Robinson

Sexual and Aggressive Behavior of Naturally-Mating Broiler Breeder Flocks

Luis Romero

PhD

Robinson

Linkages Between Reproductive Fitness and Growth Potential in Broilers

Abie Naeima

MSc

Robinson

Linkages Between Reproductive Fitness and Growth Potential in Broilers

Ying (Lucy) Zhang

MSc

Wismer

Sensory quality of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid enriched chicken breast and thigh meat patties. Coursed Based.

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RESEARCH GRANT FUNDING: LIST OF PROJECTS Primary Scientist Feddes Senthilselvan

Source NSERC - CPRC

Embryonic Viability of Domestic Poultry

Fasenko

NSERC

$27,633

Breeders, Hatcheries AHEP, ATP, ACP

Embryonic Metabolism in Domestic Avian Species

Fasenko, Feddes, Christensen, Wineland, Robinson

Agriculture Funding Consortium

$21,850

Breeders, Hatcheries, AHEP, ATP, ACP

Support for J. Hamidu (for above research project)

Fasenko Hamidu

PRC/ALIDF

$21,000

Breeders, Hatcheries, AHEP, ATP, ACP

Omphalitis and broiler chick quality: examining the morphology of yolk sacs.

Fasenko McMullen Cherian Meijerhof

Agriculture Funding Consortium

$37,208

Breeders, Hatcheries, AHEP, ATP, ACP,

$4,500

Breeders, Hatcheries, AHEP, ATP, ACP,

Title of Project Worker Health

Undergraduate Student Research Award for L. Kawalilak (for part of research project above)

NSERC

Funding $24,500

Who benefits All production sector

Effect of male age and semen storage length on sperm motility and semen protein composition in broiler and turkey breeders.

Fasenko Kawalilak Fasenko Kav Dyck Bakst

Agriculture Funding Consortium

$52,439

Breeders, Hatcheries, AHEP, ATP, ACP, Turkey hatching egg producers

Protein Metabolism in Broiler Chickens

Korver

NSERC

$29,000

ACP

Laying hen medullary bone metabolism

Korver

Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund

$11,300

Novus International

$30,528

DSM Nutritional Products Poultry Industry Council Alberta Egg Producers

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$4,500 inkind

Egg producers

$10,000 $5,000

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Maternal and dietary 25-OH D3 on broiler innate and cellular immune response

Korver

Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund

$28,550

Agriculture and Food Council

$28,550

Alberta Chicken Producers

$5,000

Broiler producers, Broiler breeder producers, Turkey producers

DSM Nutritional Products

$30,000cash $3,000 inkind

Korver

Danisco Animal Nutrition

$100,665

All production sectors

Korver

Danisco Animal Nutrition

$41,427

All production sectors

Korver

Syngenta Animal Nutrition

$42,528

All production sectors

Bacteriocins for Food Safety

McMullen

NSERC

$34,016

Processors

Distribution of Listeria in meat plants

McMullen

Agri-Food Canada

$101, 185

Processors

Distribution of Campylobacter spp in food processing environments

Nattress, Sampathkumar, Gill McMullen

Agri-Food Canada

$30,000

Processors

Multiple bacteriocin producing lactic acid bacteria

Vederas McMullen

NSERC Strategic

$164,000

Processors

Chick quality: Links to chick score, maternal efficiency, and enrichment of the maternal diet.

Renema Robinson

SCIDF

$15,376

AHEP AEP ATP ACP

Determining the Linkages Between Optimized Maternal Growth and Egg Production Efficiency with Broiler Offspring Growth and Yield Traits

Robinson Renema Zuidhof Anthony Putman

The Efficacy of Exogenous Enzymes for Poultry Effects of a novel phytase on broiler performance Effects of phytase on broiler performance and bone mineralization

Canadian Poultry Consultants

$5000 inkind

Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund

$62,095

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

$30,000

NSERC

$30,000

BC Hatching Egg and Chick Comm

$10,000

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Breeders Processors AHEP ACP

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Optimization of Omega-3 broiler meat enrichment.

Zuidhof Korver Carney Renema Robinson Betti Wismer

Poultry Industry Council

$5,000

Alberta Chicken Producers

$3,000

AAF ADM (Archer Daniels Midland (in-kind) Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund Lilydale (in-kind)

Value-based marketing decision support through characterization of growth, fatness and yield

Zuidhof, Korver, Renema, Robinson

$12,500 $300 $57,000 $500

Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund

$17,000

Agriculture and Food Council

$17,000

Alberta Chicken Producers

Processors ACP Consumers

Processors ACP Breeders

$7,000

Poultry Industry Council

$10,000

Alberta Agriculture and Food

$37,500

Cobb-Vantress

$20,000

Cobb-Vantress (in-kind)

$2,000

Maple Leaf (in-kind)

$2,000

TOTAL $1,231,150

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BASE FUNDING The reporting period has changed from previous Annual Reports to align with the fiscal year of the University of Alberta.

2006/2007 PRC Base Funding ALIDF/AARI, $1,500,000

Industry, $20,600 Alberta Industry Boards, $173,800

AAF, $388,737

UofA, $916,000

Total $2,999,137

2006/2007 PRC Base Industry Funding Maple Leaf, $10,300 Lilydale, $10,300 ATP, $19,800

ACP, $63,800

AEP/CEMA, $50,600 AHEP, $39,600

Total $194,400

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RESEARCH GRANT FUNDING

2006/2007 PRC Research Funding Govt. Provincial, $95,550

Industry, $292,448

National Industry Boards, $12,250 PIC, $25,000 Provincial Industry Govt. National, $462,584

Boards, $35,376

Ag Consortium, $307,942

Total $1,338,602 Total $1,231,150

2006/2007 Research Funding Benefiting Commodity Groups $900

$812

$800 $642

$ Thousands

$700 $600

$525

$489

$500 $400

$373

$325

$300 $200 $100 $Breeders

AHEP

ACP

ATP

AEP

Processors

Total investment in research $1,231,150 Total distribution of benefits: $3,165,702 ($2.6 for every $1 invested)

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Facility Usage Facility

Overall Utilization Rate

Broiler Trials

Breeder Trials

Layer Trials

Unit Operations

Brooder House (48 floor pens) Breeder Hens Cages (288 individual)

65% 85%

Breeder Male Cages (60 individual)

85%

5%

25% 85%

36%

85%

Vencomatic Colony Housing (2 units) Nutrition House (32 pens)

65%

53%

12%

Specht Pullet Cages (chick trials)

52%

52%

Environmental Chambers

53%

23%

East House (8 floor pens and 4 cage rooms)

89%

89%

92%

92%

30%

Test House Floor Pens Test House 87%

77%

10%

87%

80%

7%

Conventional Cages Test House Colony Cages Broiler Processing Plant (3 days) Hatchery Lilydale Classroom

Alberta Turkey Producers Computer Lab

7 kills 7 kills 26 hatches 25 Alberta Chicken Producers Alberta Egg Producers Alberta Turkey Producers Alberta Hatching Egg Producers Processors PRC Team (incl. executive group and educational institutions) U of A, safety, animal care, animal handling, HACCP Industry related workshops (swine, dairy, AAF) Heavy use by graduate students, undergraduate students, technicians and researchers, Estimated use 40 man hours per day

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3 67 19 18

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Evidence of Productivity A. Referred Papers in Scholarly Journals 1. Bohaychuk, V.M., G. E. Gensler, R. K. King, K. I. Manninen, O. Sorensen, J. T. Wu, M. E. Stiles and L. M. McMullen. 2006. Prevalence of pathogens in raw and ready-to-eat meat and poultry products collected from the retail marketplace in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. J. Food Protect. 69:2176-2182. 2. Cook, N. J., A. B. Smykot, D. E. Holm, G. Fasenko and J. S. Church. 2006. Assessing feather cover of laying hens by infrared thermography. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 15:274-279. 3. Drider, D., G. Fimland, Y. Héchard, L.M. McMullen and Hervé Prévost. 2006. The continuing story of Class IA bacteriocins. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews. 70:564-582. 4. Fasenko, G.M. 2007. Egg storage and the embryo. Poultry Sci. 86: 1020-1024. 5. Guban, J., D.R. Korver, G.E. Allison and G.W. Tannock. 2006. Relationship of dietary antimicrobial drug administration with broiler performance, decreased population levels of lactobacillus salivarius, and reduced bile salt deconjugation in the ileum of broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 85:2186-2194. 6. Gurksy, L.J., N.I. Martin, D.J. Derksen, M.J. van Belkum, K. Kaur, J.C. Vederas, M.E. Stiles and L.M. McMullen. 2006. Production of piscicolin 126 by Carnobacterium maltaromaticum UAL26 is controlled by temperature and induction peptide concentration. Arch. Microbiol. 186:317-325. 7. Johnson, J.Y.M., L.M. McMullen, P. Hasselback, M. Louie and L.D. Saunders. 2006. Travelers’ knowledge of prevention and treatment of travelers’ diarrhea. J. Travel Medicine. 13:351-355. 8. Jones, T.H., A. Murray, M. Johns, C. O. Gill, and L.M. McMullen. 2006. Differential expression of proteins in cold-adapted log-phase cultures of Escherichia coli incubated at 8, 6, or 2°C. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 107:12-19. 9. Kirychuk, S.P., J.A.; Dosman, S.J. Reynolds, P. Willson, A. Senthilselvan, J.J. R. Feddes, H.L. Classen and W. Guenter. 2006. Total Dust and Endotoxin in Poultry Operations: Comparison between Cage and Floor Housing and Respiratory Effects in Workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 48(7):741-748. 10. Korver, D.R.. 2006. Overview of the immune dynamics of the digestive system. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 15:123–135. 11. Leslie, M.A., R..A. Coleman, S. Moehn, R.O. Ball, and D.R. Korver. 2006. Relationship between bicarbonate retention and bone characteristics in broiler chickens. Poultry Science. 85:1917-1922. 12. O’Dea, E.E., G.M. Fasenko, G.E. Allison, D.R. Korver, G.W. Tannock and L.L. Guan. 2006. Investigating the effects of commercial probiotics on broiler chick quality and production efficiency. Poultry Science. 85:1855-1863.

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13. Renema, R A., J.J.R. Feddes, K.L. Schmid, M.A. Ford, A.R. Kolk. 2006. Internal Egg Temperature in Response to Pre-incubation Warming in Broiler Breeder and Turkey Eggs. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 15:1-8. 14. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson, R.M. Beliveau, H.C. Davis and E..A. Lindquist. 2007. Relationships of body weight, feathering, and foot pad condition with reproductive and carcass morphology of end-of-season commercial broiler breeder hens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 16:27-38. 15. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson, M.J. Zuidhof and L.F. Romero. 2006. Identifying broiler breeder management -- nutrition interactions to optimize chick production. Proceeding of the Australian Poultry Science Symposium, Sydney, Australia. 18:182-189. 16. Robinson, F.E., B. Wuetherick, J. Martin, C. Strawson, K. Schmid, S. Greenwood and N. Wolanski. 2006. Experiences in Collaborative Project-Based Study: There’s a Heifer in Your Tank. NACTA Journal. 50 (no. 4) 7-11. 17. Segura, J.C., C. Ouellette, J. Feddes, G.M. Fasenko and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Development of a metabolic calorimeter system to measure heat production of domestic avian embryos during incubation. Canadian Biosystems Engineering. 48: 4.1 - 4.6. 18. Segura, J.C., J. Feddes and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Midday and nighttime cooling of broiler chickens. Journal of Applied Poultry Res. 15: 28-39. 19. Silversides, F.G., T.A. Scott, D.R. Korver, M. Afsharmanesh and M. Hruby. 2006. A study on the interaction of xylanase and phytase enzymes in wheat-based diets fed to commercial white and brown egg laying hens. Poultry Science. 85:297–305. 20. Silversides, F.G., D.R. Korver and K.L. Budgell. 2006. Effect of strain of layer and age at photostimulation on egg production, egg quality, and bone strength. Poultry Science 85:1136–1144. 21. Ward, P.J., G.M. Fasenko, S. Gibson and L.M. McMullen. 2006. A microbiological assessment of on-farm food safety cleaning methods in broiler barns. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 15:326-332. 22. Wolanski, N.J., R.A. Renema, F.E. Robinson, V.L. Carney and B. Fancher. 2006. Relationship between chick conformation and quality measures with early growth traits in males of eight selected pure or commercial broiler breeder strains. Poultry Science. 85: 1490-1497. 23. Wolanski, N.J., R.A. Renema, F.E. Robinson, V.L. Carney and B.I. Fancher. 2006. Relationship between chick conformation and quality measures with early growth traits in males of eight selected, pure or commercial broiler breeder strains. Poult. Sci. 85:14901497. B. Conference Presentations (Abstracts) 1. Betti, M., M.J. Zuidhof, B.L. Schneider, R.A. Renema, V.L. Carney, F.E. Robinson and D.R. Korver. 2007. Dietary flaxseed supplementation affects processing yields and meat technological properties. (SPSS Proceedings) Poultry Sci. 86 (Suppl. 1):(In Press).

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2. Bohaychuk, V., P.R.Barrios, G. Gensler, J. Kovacevic, D. Wischlinski and L.M. McMullen. 2006. Comparison of environmental sampling methods for the recovery of Listeria spp. from meat processing facilities. 20th International Symposium of the International Committee on Food Microbiology and Hygiene: Food Safety and Food Biotechnology – diversity and Global Impact. Bologna, IT, Aug 29 to Sept 2, 2006 (poster presentation). 3. Carney, V., M. Zuidhof, B. Schneider, R. Renema and F. Robinson. 2006. Comparison of modern broilers with random bred broiler strains. 1. What has happened to production efficiency over 50 years? Poultry Sci. 85: (Suppl. 1): 162. 4. Coleman, R.A., R.D. Kirschenman, S. Moehn and D.R. Korver. 2006. Individual arginine requirements in Ross 308 broilers at 7, 21 and 42 days of age. Poult. Sci. 85 (Suppl. 1):85. 5. Franco, A.M., G.M. Fasenko, E.E. O’Dea and D.R. Korver. 2006. Genetic strain, egg size, and flock age influences hatchability and broiler performance. Poultry Sci. (Suppl. 1):23. 6. Franco-Jimenez, D., R. Renema, M. Zuidhof and F. Robinson. 2006. Effect of vitamin E and fat sources on intestinal calcium uptake and production parameters in laying hens. Poultry Sci. 85: (Suppl. 1): 29. 7. Herron, A., R.A. Renema, F.E. Robinson and J.L. Wilson. 2006. Growth characteristics as a predictor of male quality in broiler breeders. Poultry Sci. (85):27. 8. Hamidu J.A., G.M. Fasenko, J.J. R. Feddes, E.E. O'Dea and C.A. Ouellette. 2006. Broiler parent flock age influences embryonic metabolism. Poultry Sci. 85 (Suppl. 1). 9. Kirschenman, R.D., M. Sung, J. Hottman, J. Gallegos, J.L. Saunders-Blades and D.R. Korver. 2006. Modern broilers have a reduced innate immune response compared to random-bred strains when challenged in vitro with E. coli. Poult. Sci. 85 (Suppl. 1):33. 10. McMullen, L.M. 2006. Rapid Methods in Meat Microbiology. Canadian Meat Council Symposium on Rapid Methods. August 10 – 11, Calgary Alberta (80 attendees). Invited oral presentation. 11. Naeima, A., R.A. Renema, A. Pishnamazi, and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Timing of photostimulation affects female broiler breeder carcass and reproductive traits at sexual maturity. Poultry Sci. (85):83-84. 12. Ouellette, C., J. Segura, J. Feddes. 2006. Persistence: Odour intensity and concentration relationship for livestock odours. Paper 06 146. CSBE Annual Meeting. 15 pp. 13. Qu. G. and J. Feddes. 2006. Estimation of measurable error caused by background odor in sampling bags. Paper No. 064141. ASABE Annual Meeting. 15 pp. 14. Qu, G. J. Feddes, D. Scott and J. Segura. 2006. Calibration of the ISC-PRIME Model for Odor Dispersion. Paper No 064136. ASABE Annual Meeting. 11 pp. 15. Qu, G, J. Feddes. 2006. A Model for Estimation of the effect of residual odour in sampling bags on odour concentration measurement . Paper 06 205. CSBE Annual Meeting. 8 pp. 16. Pishnamazi, A., J. Purreza and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Effect of different levels of protein and sulfur amino acids on mature broiler breeder hens performance, carcass and reproductive morphology. Poultry Sci. 85: (Suppl. 1): 125.

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17. Renema, R. A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Identifying Broiler Breeder Management—Nutrition Interactions to Optimize Chick Production. Avian Poult. Biol. Rev. 17:65-66. 18. Renema, R. A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Role of broiler breeder genetics on breeder chick quality and sensitivity to overfeeding. Proceeding of the Australian Poultry Science Symposium, Sydney. NSW, 18: 34-38. 19. Renema, R. A., N.J. Wolanski and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Influence of egg weight on the uptake of residual yolk in Ross 708 broilers. Poultry Sci. (85):24. 20. Renema, R. A., N.J. Wolanski, V.L. Carney and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Impact of Genetic Selection on the Relationship of Egg Characteristics, Chick Measurements, Residual Yolk Sac Utilization, and Early Growth Traits. Avian Poult. Biol. Rev. 17:67. 21. Renema, R. A., N.J. Wolanski and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Influence of egg weight on the uptake of residual yolk in Ross 708 broilers. Poultry Sci. 85: (Suppl. 1): 24. 22. Renema, R. A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Identifying Broiler Breeder Management—Nutrition Interactions to Optimize Chick Production. Incubation & Fertility Research Group (World’s Poultry Science Association) Meeting. Lincoln, England. (2 Pp). 23. Rivard D.R., M.E. Stiles, D.C. Smith and L.M. McMullen. 2006. Comparison of lactatediacetate and a biopreservative for control of Listeria monocytogenes on vacuum-packaged wieners. International Association of Food Protection Annual Conference, August 11 to 16, Calgary, Alberta (poster presentation). 24. Rivard D.R., M.E. Stiles, D.C. Smith, L.G. Tam and L.M. McMullen. 2006. Carnobacterium maltaromaticum CB1 preserves sensory quality of raw sausage and prevents growth of inoculated Listeria monocytogenes. International Association of Food Protection Annual Conference, August 11 to 16, Calgary, Alberta. (poster presentation; 1850 attendees). 25. Romero, L.F., R.A. Renema, A. Pishnamazi, F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Varying dietary protein level during rearing affects carcass and reproductive traits of broiler breeder hens at sexual maturity. Poultry Sci. (85):26. 26. Rustad, M. E., F.E. Robinson, M.J. Zuidhof and R.A. Renema. 2006. Factors affecting egg properties of broiler breeder hens: Egg colour, egg quality, egg shape. Poultry Sci. (85):26. 27. Saunders-Blades, J.L. and D.R. Korver. 2006. Maternal dietary 25-OH vitamin D3 improves chick early innate immunity. Poult. Sci. 85 (Suppl. 1):28. 28. Schneider, B., M. Zuidhof, V. Carney, R. Renema and F. Robinson. 2006. Comparison of modern broilers with random bred broiler strains. 3. What has happened to meat quality over 50 years? Poultry Sci. 85: (Suppl. 1): 163. 29. Shah, H, M.M. Harris, C. Fodor, N. Wall, A. Smykot, J. Remus and D.R. Korver. 2006. The effect of a novel phytase to improve phosphorus utilization of wheat-based diets. Poult. Sci. 85 (Suppl. 1):9. 30. Robinson, F.E. and B. Wuetherick. 2006. There’s a heifer in your tank: Engaging introductory students in collaborative project-base study. NACTA Journal 50:76.

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31. Rustad, M.E., F.E. Robinson, M.J. Zuidhof and R.A. Renema. 2006. Factors affecting egg properties of broiler breeder hens: Egg color, egg quality and egg shape. Poultry Sci. 85: (Suppl. 1): 26. 32. Wolanski, N., F. Robinson, R. Renema and T. Inglis. 2006. Characterization of relationships among broiler breeder male growth, variability, and mortality. Poultry Sci. (85):26-27. 33. Wolanski, N. J., F.E. Robinson and B. Wuetherick. 2006. Name that tool: Facilitating learning around novel objects used in animal agriculture. NACTA Journal 50:99. 34. Zuidhof, M., B. Schneider, V. Carney, R. Renema and F. Robinson. 2006. Comparison of modern broilers with random bred broiler strains. 2. What has happened to yield dynamics over 50 years? Poultry Sci. 85: (Suppl. 1): 162. C. Scientific and Industry Presentation (with or without Proceedings) 1. Betti M., Renema, R., Robinson, F., Zuidhof, M., Carney, V. and Schneider, B. 2006. Abstract and oral presentation: Meat Yield and Dynamics - Poultry Service Industry Workshop, October 3 - 5, 2006, Banff, Alberta. 2. Curry, C., K. Menjivar and C. Taylor. 2006. The Effects of Genetic Strain and Hatching Egg Size on the Carcass Characteristics of Six Week Old Broilers. ANSC 471 (Applied Poultry Science) final report. 3. Fasenko, G.M. 2006. Egg storage and the embryo. Poultry Science Association Symposia: Managing the embryo for performance. July 19. 4. Fasenko, G.M., E.E. O’Dea, J.E. Montgomery, J.A. Hamidu and K. Martin. 2006. Egg Turning: Testing Alternative Egg Turning Protocols. Jamesway Hatchery Management Seminar. October 25, Springfield, Missouri. 5. Fasenko, G.M. 2006. What is WISEST? Edmonton Economic Development Corporation. May 16, 2006, 7-9pm. Fantasyland Hotel, Edmonton. 6. Fasenko, G.M. 2006. WISEST Display. Science and Math Education Students’ Association (SMESA). University of Alberta Education Building. January 28, 2006. 7. Feddes, J. Livestock Odour Research in Alberta, January 27, 2006, Biosystems Engineering Department, University of Saskatchewan. 8. Feddes, J. Persistence: Odour intensity and concentration relationship for livestock odours. July 18, 2006 CSBE conference, Edmonton. 9. Feddes, J. Development of a scientific siting tool and odour monitoring procedure for Alberta livestock operations, September 12, 2006. Intensive Livestock Working Group (ILWG). 10. Feddes, J. Development of a scientific siting tool and odour monitoring procedure for Alberta livestock operations, October 16, 2006. Clean Air Strategic Alliance (CASA). 11. Feddes, J. Development of a scientific siting tool and odour monitoring procedure for Alberta livestock operations. November 16, 2006. Odour Control Initiative (AAFRD).

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12. Fodor, C., M. Harris, H. Shah and N. Wall. 2006. The effect of a new phytase enzyme to improve phosphorus utilization of broiler wheat-based diets. ANSC 471 (Applied Poultry Science) final report. 13. Gallegos, J.E., J.L. Hottman and M.C. Sung. 2006. Comparative Investigation of Random and Commercial Broiler Chick Innate Immune Function. ANSC 471 (Applied Poultry Science) final report. 14. Korver, D.R. 2006. The influence of maternal broiler breeder nutrition on chick immune function. California Animal Nutrition Conference. Fresno, CA, May 11, 2006. 15. Korver, D.R. 2006. Research, Analytical Techniques and Practical Experiences Using HyD. Antalya, Turkey. September 7, 2006. 16. Korver, D.R. 2006. Research, Analytical Techniques and Practical Experiences Using HyD. Koru, Turkey. September 8, 2006. 17. Korver, D.R. 2006. HyD and Poultry: Bones and Beyond. Pre-Conference Symposium. 11th European Poultry Congress. Verona, Italy. September 10, 2006. 18. McMullen, L.M. 2006. Biopreservation to enhance the quality and safety of meat products. Department of Food Science, University of Manitoba. January 23. 19. O’Dea, E.E.and G.M. Fasenko. 2006. Investigating factors involved in hatchability. Poultry Research Centre Board Meeting. April 18. 20. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Can Assessing Reproductive Success of Individual Birds be used to Fine-tune Breeder Female Management? North Carolina Breeder/Hatchery meeting. Statesville, NC. 8 pages. 21. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Capturing reproductive potential: Broiler breeder management-nutrition interactions to optimize chick production. Colloque Avicole of the Association Quebecoise des industries en nutrition animale et céréalière (AQUINAC). Drummondville, Quebec. 4 pages. 22. Renema, R.., F. Robinson and M. Zuidhof. 2006. Capturing reproductive potential: Identifying broiler breeder management-nutrition interactions to optimize chick production. Invited oral presentation at the 18th Poultry Health Management Seminar. Abbotsford, British Colombia. 23. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Capturing Reproductive Potential: Understanding the Interaction of Nutrition and Management Decisions in the Optimization of Chick Production. Latin American Ross Association (LARA) meeting. Miami, FL. Nov 29, 2006. 24. Renema, R.A. 2006. Fine tuning female management. Centre/Aviagen Broiler Breeder School. Edmonton, Alberta.

The Poultry Research

25. Renema, R. A. 2006. Unsettable eggs: Recognizing shell defects and understanding how they occur. The Alberta Poultry Research Centre / Aviagen Broiler Breeder School. Edmonton, Alberta. 26. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Reproductive attitude: The heart of optimized chick production. Invited oral presentation at the 2006 Saskatchewan Poultry Industry Conference, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. March 3.

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27. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. How do you Find the ‘Normal’ Hen at the Heart of an Optimized Chick Production System? (To the Aviagen Technical Managers Group) (Opelika, AL). 28. Renema, R.A., F.E. Robinson and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Management – Nutrition Interactions Affecting Response to Photostimulation. (To the Aviagen Technical Managers Group) (Opelika, AL). 29. Renema, R.A. Sept 6, 2006. Recent Research from the Poultry Research Centre (Hybro/Nutreco company visit. Boxmeer, The Netherlands). 30. Renema, R.A. and Robinson, F.E. Sept 27, 2006. Examining the Impact of Nutrition on the Fertility of Broiler Breeders. Nutritional Strategies for Improving Nutrition in Poultry meeting. Ottawa, Canada. 31. Renema, R.A., N. Wolanski and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Impact of Breeder Strain on Egg Characteristics, Chick Measurements, Residual Yolk Sac Utilization, and Early Growth Traits. North Carolina Breeder/Hatchery meeting. Statesville, NC. 32. Robinson, F.E., R.A. Renema and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Optimizing Reproductive Efficiency in Modern Broiler Breeder Hens: The Role of Feed Allocation and Photostimulation. Proceeding of the APINCO Conference, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 9 pp (May 06). 33. Robinson, F.E., R.A. Renema and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Optimizing Reproductive Efficiency of the Boiler Breeder Hen. Proceedings of the XI International Seminar of Avian Pathology, Athens, GA. (June 06). 34. Robinson, F.E., R.A. Renema and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Optimizing Reproductive Efficiency of the Broiler Breeder Hen. Proceedings of the AVICULTURE Congress. San Salvador, El Salvador. 7 pages, published electronically. (Translated into Spanish). 35. Robinson, F.E., R.A. Renema and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Strain Differences in Response to Feed Allocation and Photoperiod. Proceedings of the University of Georgia Broiler Breeder Symposium Athens Georgia. 9 pages, published electronically. (Translated into Spanish). 36. Robinson, F.E., R.A. Renema and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Strain Differences in Response to Feed Allocation and Photoperiod. Proceedings of the AVICULTURE Congress. San Salvador, El Salvador. 9 pages, published electronically. (Translated into Spanish). 37. Robinson, F.E., Renema, R.A. and M.J. Zuidhof. 2006. Strain Differences in Response to Feed Allocation and Photoperiod. Proceedings of the XI International Seminar of Avian Pathology, Athens, GA. (May 06). D. Books and Book Chapters

1. Renema, R.A. 2006. Creating the ideal hatching egg: Quality, efficiency and fertility. In: Proceedings of Alltech’s 22th Annual Symposium (T. P. Lyons and K. A. Jaques, eds.) Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, UK, 7 pp. (Invited Plenary Paper). 2. Renema, R.A. and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Examining the impact of nutrition on the fertility of broiler breeders. Pp: 127-146 in: Nutritional Approaches to Arresting the Decline in Fertility of Pigs and Poultry. J. A. Taylor-Pickard and L. Nodett, eds. Wageningen Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.

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E. Community Services •

Carney, V. In July 16-19, 2006, the PRC in collaboration with the Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science at the UofA, organized the Poultry Science Association’s 95th Annual Meeting. Dr. Carney coordinated the event. This event attracted more than 600 participants from national and international research communities. The PSA is a global scientific society dedicated to the discovery and dissemination of knowledge generated by poultry research that enhances human and animal health and well-being and provides for the ethical, sustainable production of food. o “Managing the Modern Broiler Breeder” Workshop for producers, August 14-17. o The article for Canadian Poultry. September 2006. "My how you've grown..." Broiler growth and performance has come a long way in the last 50 years- and it's been achieved without the use of hormones.

Carney, V. and M. Zuidhof. Industry workshop to present research findings from omega 3 enriched diet trials.

Korver, D. Organized workshop “National Training Program on Euthanasia and Disposal Procedures for Catastrophic Poultry Disease Events”

McMullen, L.M. 2006. The story of the hot dog. Hillcrest Junior High School Students. (31 attendees) ACP-PTC. October 23, 2006. Gave a 20 min talk on the ingredients and process for the production of hot dogs and did a demonstration on meat emulsions and cooking.

Renema, R.A. Poultry presentation to the Kindergarten of St. Boniface Elementary School.

Robinson, F. o 4H Conference (3 presentations) January, 2006. o Twelve Days of Turkey: I rewrote the 12 days of Christmas, based on 12 facts about turkey production in Canada for CBC radio 740. o Host of the 4th edition of “There’s a Heifer in Your Tank” – Community Edition” at Myer Horowitz Auditorium as part of An Sc 200 (March 21, 2006). It was attended by about 750 people. I partnered with the Avalon Junior High School. The Honorable Doug Horner, Minister of Agriculture spoke at this event. o Host of the 5th edition of “There’s a Heifer in Your Tank” – Walk a Day in My Shoes Edition” as part of the Edmonton Northlands Farm Fair, at Northlands Park (November 7, 2006). It was attended by about 600 people. This one featured 7 former students and the paths that their Animal Science degree has taken them. We partnered with Hillcrest Junior High School. The Honorable Doug Horner, Minister of Agriculture spoke at this event. o “There’s a Heifer in Your Tank”: Experiences in Collaborative Project-Based Study.

Pawlina, I. Organized workshop “The Fusion of Scientific Research and Business”, which provided an opportunity to discuss challenges facing the industry and the researchers working together in the area of product development. The Workshop explored issues such as: Intellectual Property, confidentiality, research agreements, policies and roles of partners.

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F. Technical Bulletins and Industry Reports Industry Reports: •

Fasenko, G.M. 2006. A microbiological assessment of cleaning methods and disinfectants for broiler barns. Alberta Chicken Producers. 33 pages. October 31, 2006.

Fasenko, G.M. 2006. A microbiological assessment of cleaning methods and disinfectants for broiler barns. Saskatchewan Chicken Industry Development Fund. 30 pages. October 31, 2006.

Fasenko, G.M. 2006. A microbiological assessment of cleaning methods and disinfectants for broiler barns. Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund. 41 pages. May 12, 2006.

Fasenko, G.M. 2006. Animal Science 471 and 476 – Student Research Projects. Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund. 12 pages. May 11, 2006.

Korver, D.R.. October, 2006. The effect of 25-OH D3 in poultry diets on broiler and broiler breeder production, bone metabolism and early broiler innate immune function. ALIDF Project #2003A026R. Final report submitted to the Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund and DSM Nutritional Products. 158 pages. Co applicants: R. Fleming (Roslin Institute), M. Kogut (United States Department of Agriculture) and G. Fasenko (University of Alberta).

Korver, D.R.. May, 2006. Rapid Determination of Broiler Amino Acid Requirements and Amino Acid and Energy Availability of Feedstuffs. AARI Project # 2003 A111R. Final report submitted to the Alberta Agriculture Research Institute, and Agricore-United. 123 pages. Coapplicants: R.O. Ball and S. Moehn.

Renema, R.A., M.J. Zuidhof and F.E. Robinson. Canadian Broiler Hatching Egg Marketing Association (CBHEMA) Final Report. Genotypic, Growth and Photostimulatory Interaction Effects on Reproductive and Metabolic Efficiency in Female Broiler Breeders. 2006. 16 pp.

Renema, R.A. and F.E. Robinson. Canadian Broiler Hatching Egg Marketing Association (CBHEMA) Final Report. Effects of Dietary Selenium Source on the Fertility and Hatchability of Broiler Breeders. 2006. 15 pp.

Factsheets and Technical Bulletins available at www.poutryresearchcentre.ca •

Carney, V., M. Betti, D. Korver, R. Renema, F. Robinson, W. Wismer, B. Schneider, M. Zuidhof. 2006. Value added poultry meat research. Technical Bulletin #3. 2 pages.

Fasenko, G.M., K. Martin, J. Montgomery, A. Gehring and E. O’Dea. 2006. Investigating alternative egg turning protocols. Factsheet #1. October 23. 3 pages.

Fasenko, G.M., K. Martin, J. Montgomery, A. Gehring, E. O’Dea and A. Franco. 2006. Investigando protocolos alternativos de volteo. Reporte #1. October 23. 3 pages.

Fasenko, G.M., L. McMullen, S. Gibson, P. Ward, M. LaForge and E. O’Dea. 2006. On-farm food safety: testing cleaning methods and disinfectants for broiler barns. Factsheet #2. October 30. 3 pages.

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Innovation in Poultry Science – project summaries available at www.poutryresearchcentre.ca •

Hamidu, J.A., G.M. Fasenko, J.J. R. Feddes, E.E. O'Dea and C.A. Ouellette. 2006. Effects of broiler genetic strain and flock age on embryo metabolism.

Franco, A.M., G.M. Fasenko, D.R. Korver and E.E. O’Dea. 2006. Genetic strain, egg size, and flock age influences hatching egg characteristics, fertility, hatchability, chick quality, and broiler performance.

Jendral M., J., J.R. Feddes and J.S. Church. 2006. Adding a Nestbox and Perch to Conventional Layer Hen Battery Cages or Housing Hens in Furnished Large Group Cages Improves Hen Welfare and Benefits Production

Wolanski, N., R. Renema and F.E. Robinson. 2006. Characterization of relationships among broiler breeder female growth, variability, and reproductive performance for two flocks through to flock dispersal.

Chand, U., T. Nilsson and E. Goddard. 2006. Demand for frozen processed poultry products.

Sunwoo, H., W.W. Wang and H. Karami. 2006. Egg Yolk Antibody Farming Technology.

The Poultry Research Centre Annual Report 2006/2007

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G. PRC Staff and Students Awards and Honors Staff Receiving Award

Feddes: Citation for the 2006 Maple Leaf Award Korver: Louis D. Hyndman, Sr. Award (for significant contributions to the welfare of animals used in research and teaching at the U of A). McMullen – McCalla Professorship McMullen - Faculty Teaching Award Robinson: Named to the AFHE “Teaching Wall of Fame” Robinson: Inducted into the Alberta Agriculture “Hall of Fame” Robinson: 3M Canada Teaching Fellowship for excellence in teaching Students Receiving Awards

Emunu - PRC Graduate Research Assistantship Franco – Graduate Intern Tuition Scholarship Hamidu – Pacific Egg and Poultry Association Scholarship; - PRC Graduate Research Assistantship Jendral - National Sciences and Engineering Research Council CGS-Doctoral, 2005 - 2007 Queen Elizabeth II Graduate Scholarship Doctoral, 2007 Honorary Walter H. Johns Graduate Fellowship, 2005 - 2007 Karami - Poultry Sciences Association (PSA) “Certification of Achievement” for excellent presentation by an undergraduate student. Kawalilak – NSERC Undergraduate Student Research Award Kirschenman - PRC Graduate Research Assistantship MacKenzie – Provost Doctoral Entrance Award Romero - PRC Graduate Research Assistantship Wolanski: - Awarded NACTA Graduate Student Teaching Award Pacific Egg and Poultry Association Scholarship Umesh Chand - PRC Graduate Research Assistantship

The Poultry Research Centre Annual Report 2006/2007

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List of Abbreviations AAF AAFC AARI ACP AEP AHEP ALIDF ATP AFHE AHEP CALAS CBHEMA CCAC CFIA CPRC IAUTP IFASA NACTA NSERC PIC PRC SCIDF UofA USDA-ARS

Alberta Agriculture and Food Agriculture and Agri-food Canada Alberta Agriculture Research Institute Alberta Chicken Producers Alberta Egg Producers Alberta Hatching Egg Producers Alberta Livestock Industry Development Fund Alberta Turkey Producers Agriculture, Forestry and Home Economics Alberta Hatching Egg Producers Canadian Association for Laboratory Animal Sciences Canadian Broiler and Hatching Egg Marketing Agency Canadian Council on Animal Care Canadian Food Inspection Agency Canadian Poultry Research Council Institutional Animal User Training Program Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences, Alberta North American Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Poultry Industry Council Poultry Research Centre Saskatchewan Chicken Industry Development Fund University of Alberta United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service

The Poultry Research Centre Annual Report 2006/2007

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PRC Annual Report 2006  

Poultry Research Centre Annual Report 2006

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