A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry

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A GUIDE TO

CAREERS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY


Contents CLICK THE JOB TITLE BELOW TO GO TO THE INFO PAGE

SHIFT YOUR CAREER INTO GEAR AUTOMOTIVE MECHANIC MOTORCYCLE MECHANIC MOTORSPORT MECHANIC VEHICLE GLAZIER THE NEED FOR SPEED PARTS INTERPRETER ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNICIAN

SPEED FREAK

IF HIGH-PERFORMANCE CARS, PERHAPS EVEN MOTORSPORT, IS WHERE YOU SEE YOUR FUTURE, CHECK OUT THESE PAGES. AUTOMOTIVE MECHANIC MOTORCYCLE MECHANIC MOTORSPORT MECHANIC THE NEED FOR SPEED ENGINE RECONDITIONER

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OUTDOOR POWER EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL TECHNICIAN HEAVY VEHICLE MECHANIC MOBILE PLANT MECHANIC AUTOMOTIVE AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN AUTOMOTIVE UNDERBODY TECHNICIAN BICYCLE TECHNICIAN TYRE TECHNICIAN AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN ENGINE RECONDITIONER TRAILER TECHNICIAN VEHICLE TRIMMER MARINE MECHANIC VEHICLE LOSS ASSESSOR AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE SPECIALIST AUTOMOTIVE COOLING TECHNICIAN AUTOMOTIVE SALESPERSON AUTOMOTIVE PARTS RECYCLER VEHICLE BODY COLLISION REPAIRER VEHICLE REFINISHER VEHICLE DETAILER AUTOMOTIVE DEALER 2 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

DIGGING UP A NEW CAREER

PERHAPS WORKING IN THE INDUSTRIES THAT POWER OUR LIVES AND PRODUCE THE FOOD WE EAT IS WHERE YOU ARE HUNGRY TO WORK? CHECK OUT THESE PAGES IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR IN THE MINES OR TRANSPORTATION. OUTDOOR POWER EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN HEAVY VEHICLE MECHANIC MOBILE PLANT MECHANIC AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN TRAILER TECHNICIAN

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RESTORATION FASCINATION

SPARKING YOUR INTEREST

AUTOMOTIVE MECHANIC ENGINE RECONDITIONER VEHICLE TRIMMER VEHICLE BODY COLLISION REPAIRER VEHICLE REFINISHER

ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNICIAN

EVERYONE LOVES THE CLASSICS, AND IF KEEPING THEM ON THE ROAD AND LOOKING AS SHARP AS THE DAY THEY ROLLED OUT OF THE FACTORY IS THE CAREER FOR YOU, CHECK OUT THESE PAGES.

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AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL TECHNICIAN

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WHEELING & DEALING

THINKING BIG

IF TRUCKS AND HEAVY, HUGELY POWERFUL MACHINERY IS YOUR THING, THE TRAINING FOR THE JOBS LISTED BELOW WILL SET YOU ON THAT PATH. OUTDOOR POWER EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN HEAVY VEHICLE MECHANIC MOBILE PLANT MECHANIC AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN

ELECTRIC VEHICLES ARE TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED AND WILL SOON BE CHARGING INTO DEALERSHIPS ACROSS THE COUNTRY. IF YOU ARE AMPED UP BY THE THOUGHT OF WORKING WITH EVs AND BEING CURRENT WITH ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY, CHECK OUT THESE PAGES .

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THE WORLD NEEDS TOP-NOTCH, KNOWLEDGABLE DEALERS & SALESPEOPLE TO GET QUALITY VEHICLES & COMPONENTS TO CUSTOMERS. BE IT CARS, MOTORCYCLES, TRUCKS, HEAVY EQUIPMENT OR PARTS, THESE ARE THE PAGES YOU NEED TO SEE. AUTOMOTIVE SALESPERSON AUTOMOTIVE PARTS RECYCLER AUTOMOTIVE DEALER

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R U O Y T F SHI A

! R A E G INTO

n automotive career means working in one of the world’s most exciting industries. Since the first car was built in 1886, the industry has been a hotbed of innovation and today the industry is going through one of its most revolutionary transformations. Internal combustion engine vehicles are being joined by vehicles powered by electric motors and massive battery packs – some even by energy derived from hydrogen – and the technological wizardry packed into all modern ‘connected’ vehicles makes them safer, more comfortable and more entertaining than ever. You can stream entertainment, buy stuff, use your smartphone to control certain functions and, thanks to revolutionary technology, some of these new vehicles can recognise hazards and road markings and (almost) drive themselves. Also worth remembering is that the automotive industry is big . . . really big and diverse. By choosing a career in the Automotive industry you will open up a huge range of opportunities that will suit your skills, interests and career aspirations. 4 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023


AUSTRALIA’S AUTO INDUSTRY: BY THE NUMBERS 20 MILLION REGISTERED VEHICLES 4 MILLION REGISTERED MOTORCYCLES 72,000 AUTO INDUSTRY BUSINESSES 400,000 PEOPLE EMPLOYED IN THE INDUSTRY 30 DIFFERENT JOB ROLES AVAILABLE $37 BILLION CONTRIBUTED TO THE ECONOMY A KEY INDUSTRY IN ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY 20,000 JOBS AVAILABLE NATIONWIDE Source: Directions in Australia’s Automotive Industry: An Industry Report 2021 Motor Trades Association of Australia


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E V I T O M O AUT C I N A H C E M WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE MECHANIC DO? Automotive mechanics work on the mechanical components of motor vehicles. Their primary responsibility is to inspect, maintain and repair cars and light trucks. They perform diagnostic testing, identify faults, and ensure the smooth operation of a vehicle including its steering, transmission, and suspension systems. An automotive mechanic may perform the following tasks: • Repair or replace worn and defective parts by dismantling and removing engine assemblies, transmissions, steering mechanisms, and other vehicle components. • Reassemble, test, clean and adjust vehicle components. Use various instruments and specialised equipment to ensure they are working properly. • Carry out minor body and trim repairs. • Test and repair electrical systems such as lighting, instrumentation, ignition, and electronic fuel injection. • Perform scheduled maintenance services such as oil changes, lubrication, and engine tune-ups. • Inspect vehicles and issue roadworthiness certificates or detail the work required to achieve roadworthiness as required. • Talk to vehicle owners about mechanical issues and answer questions about the repair process. Automotive Mechanics usually work in service stations, CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE MECHANIC 6 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

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vehicle dealerships, and for authorities such as local governments and transport firms. Some mechanics may specialise in a particular type of vehicle. HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE MECHANIC? Those aspiring to become an automotive mechanic will usually have to complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides a basic introduction into the automotive industry and paves a pathway to an automotive apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology (AUR30620) is the required apprenticeship qualification. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Automotive Mechanic involves: • Two to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal Personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work and be able to work with your hands. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Be detail oriented. • Have a passion for cars and be interested in the technology that drives them.


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E L C Y C R O T MO C I N A H C E M WHAT DOES AN MOTORCYCLE MECHANIC DO? Motorcycle mechanics work on the mechanical components of motorcycles, motor scooters, allterrain vehicles, dirt-bikes, and mopeds. They inspect, maintain, and repair vehicles mechanisms to ensure the smooth operation of a vehicle, such as its steering, transmission, and suspension systems. A Motorcycle Mechanic may perform the following tasks: • Dismantle and reassemble engines, brakes, transmission, and steering systems. • Diagnose and locate failures with electrical systems, engines, power trains, suspension and frames. • Repair and service motorcycle parts including engines and engine components, cooling systems, clutch assemblies, transmissions, drivelines, braking, steering and suspension systems. • Test ride motorbikes, and test components and systems using specialised equipment. • Perform scheduled maintenance services such as oil changes, lubrication, and engine tune-ups. • Test and repair electrical systems such as lighting, instrumentation, ignition, and electronic fuel injection. • Talk to vehicle owners about mechanical issues and answer questions about the repair process • Estimate and cost repairs, provide quotes and order replacement parts. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BECOME AN MOTORCYCLE MECHANIC

• Inspect vehicles and issue roadworthiness certificates or detail the work required to achieve roadworthiness as required. Motorcycle mechanics usually work for dealerships, repair shops, independent workshops or manufacturers. Some specialise in a manufacturer or region. HOW DO I BECOME A MOTORCYCLE MECHANIC? Those aspiring to become a motorcycle mechanic will usually complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification such as Certificate III in Motorcycle Mechanical Technology (AUR30820). This comprehensive course covers servicing, repairing, and testing procedures for these types of vehicles. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a motorcycle mechanic involves: • Up to four years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal Personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Be detail oriented. • Have a passion for motorcycles and be interested in the technology that drives them. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 7


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T R O P S R O T MO C I N A H C E M WHAT DOES A MOTORSPORT MECHANIC DO? Motorsport mechanics work on the mechanical components of vehicles involved in motorsport. These can range from lightly modifed road cars to specialised track-only race cars. A motorsport mechanic’s role will include repairs and maintenance of the racing car, as well as improvement to the vehicle’s performance through enhancements allowed within the racing rules. They will be part of the pit crew on race day. A Motorsport Mechanic may perform the following tasks: • Repair or replace worn and defective parts by dismantling and removing engine assemblies, transmissions, steering mechanisms, and other vehicle components. • Reassemble, test, and adjust vehicle components. Use various instruments and specialised equipment to ensure they are working properly. • Test and repair electrical systems. • Work with the driver and the team to develop and improve the performance of the racing vehicle. • Perform emergency repairs to keep the vehicle on track on race day as part of the pit crew. Motorsport mechanics usually work for racing teams, although they may work for independent workshops that develop and build motor racing vehicles. HOW DO I BECOME AN MOTORSPORT MECHANIC? Those aspiring to become an motorsport mechanic will CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A MOTORSPORT MECHANIC 8 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

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usually have to complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Motor Sport Technology (AUR21020) provides a basic introduction to the role’s tasks and paves a pathway to an apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Motorsport Technology (AUR30920) is the apprenticeship qualification specific to the job. A motorsport mechanic will perform a wide range of tasks, and it is not unusual for them to have begun their careers as ‘regular’ mechanics, moving into motorsport after having completed a Certificate III in Light Vehicle Mechanical Technology (AUR30620) apprenticeship qualification. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Motorsport Mechanic involves: • Two to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal pPersonality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Be detail oriented. • Have a passion for motorsport and the technology advances that deliver high performance. •W ork well under pressure.


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VEHICLE GLAZIER WHAT DOES A VEHICLE GLAZIER DO? Vehicle glaziers work on the repair and/or replacement of the glass elements - windscreens, side and rear glass, sunroof - of a vehicle. A Vehicle Glazier may perform the following tasks: • Repair or replace damaged glass. This may involve the application of a resin to repair a chip or other slight damage, or could be the complete removal of the glass and its seal. • Apply primer and and bonding agent and use specialised equipment to handle and move replacement glass into place. • Use protective clothing and eyewear, and use material to protect the car from any damage when replacing glass. • Use specialised equipment to calibrate the cameras and sensors that are now common on modern vehicles and which are vital to the Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) found in modern vehicles. These sensors often located on the windscreen. • Replace windscreen wiper blades. • Talk to vehicle owners about the repair/replacement process. Vehicle glaziers usually work for businesses that specialise in automotive glass repair and replacement. The job is often mobile, requiring the glazier to work at the location of the customer’s vehicle. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A VEHICLE GLAZIER

HOW DO I BECOME A VEHICLE GLAZIER? Those aspiring to become a vehicle glazier are not required to comlete formal qualificatioins. However, as with most jobs, training in the skills required to perform the role will be appreciated by prospective employers. A Certificate II in Automotive Body Repair Technology (AUR20920) includes some training on removal and installation of windscreens and is a basic introduction to the body repair sector. A Certificate III in Automotive Glazing Technology (AUR32220) is the apprenticeship qualification specific to the job. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Vehicle Glazier involves: • Two to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal Personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Be detail oriented. Calibration of the ADAS sensors that are often located on windscreens is important to the safe operation of a modern vehicle. •B e comfortable being mobile and working alone at a customer’s location. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 9


THE

FOR

F

or a mechanic, it may be that the pinnacle of the trade is to test their skills and challenge themselves in the high pressure atmosphere of the world of motorsport. At the top of that world - in series such as Formula One or the World Rally Championship - the most cutting edge of cutting edge performance technology is developed and put to the test in championship races that are held across the world. To be part of those globetrotting competitions would be a dream job for many a young motorsport enthusiast. To get there requires lots of training and fine-tuning of skills. Fortunately, Australians will race anything with two or four wheels and an engine, and so there are hundreds of racing events and competitons held every year at tracks and other venues across the country! There’s historic car racing; drag racing; rally championships; hill climbs; open-wheel racing; production car racing; grassroots competitions like the Hyundai Excel series; and Sprint Car racing, to name just a few. And they all represent an opportunity for a young apprentice/mechanic to sharpen their knowledge, learn the tricks of the trade, and start their climb up the motorsport ladder. For Elliott Lemmon, that’s just how his journey started and continues to progress. The 24-year-old now lives in Vancouver in Canada,

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and works as a technician for a BMW dealership, servicing and maintaining the very latest luxury and performance machines from the legendary German manufacturer. He spends what spare time he has competing in drift racing and working with a Canadian motorsport team called Speed Fanatics. And he has squeezed in many more motorsport experiences in the past few years. Just five years ago, Elliott was a light vehicle apprentice in Brisbane, learning his trade at a local classic car specialist workshop. However, his passion for cars and motorsport menat he was always searching for opportunities to get a foot in the motorsport door, and in 2017 he grabbed the opportunity to join the MTA Queensland Racing Team an initiative from that motoring organisation aimed at giving apprentices a chance to be part of developing a grassroots race car and to work as a member of the pit crew on race day. A skilled apprentice, Elliott would go on to be named MTA Queensland’s Apprentice of the Year in 2017 - an accolade that would see him score two weeks of work experience with the Triple Eight Race Engineering Supercars team and work with them at the Supercars event on Queensland’s Gold Coast in 2018. It was an experience that would fuel his motorsport dream. “I would like to go abroad and see and enjoy the different ways people race overseas,” he said at the time. “I’d like to see how they race in Europe and


LEFT: Elliott Lemmon (third from left) with the MTA Queensland racing team in 2017. BELOW & BELOW LEFT: Elliott worked with the Triple Eight Race Engineering team at the Gold Coasr Supercars event in 2018. BOTTOM: Working in Asia for the Absolute Racing team was a fantastic experience for Elliott.

Japan and, at some point in the future, work on a race team there. That would be great.” That ambition came true less than a year later, when Elliott began working for the powerhouse Absolute Racing outfit - a team that competes in multiple motorsport categories. He travelled to China, working with the team on one of their vehicles in the Blancpain Asia Series and he was part of the crew that competed in races in Malaysia, Thailand and Japan. “I had to learn what it takes to move multiple purpose-built race cars around the world and have them be competitive on the track,” he said of his time with Absolute. “From maintenance, to repairs, to setting up the car with engineers, to performing pit stops during races. I did it all.” In 2020, Elliott moved to Canada and while working as a technician at a BMW dealership, teamed up with the Speed Fanatics outfit which runs multiple openand closed-wheel race cars. At the same time he began developing his skills in drift racing, and building race cars to showcase his skills.

From Brisbane to Vancouver via the racing tracks of Asia is quite a journey. “It has got to be the most insane thing I have ever experienced,” said Elliott. “I look back now and realise I have matured as a tradesperson and understand the world a little bit more. I have met people who could be lifelong friends, made contacts from the other side of the planet, and have grown way more confident than I ever would have in Australia. “The scale of what I’m doing feels huge, and if I can push anyone to chase the same thing, I would say the end result is definitely worth it!” 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 11


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PARTS R E T E R P R E T IN WHAT DOES A PARTS INTERPRETERS DO? An automotive parts interpreter usually works in retail or wholesale outlets, where they talk with customers to assess their needs, then recommend and sell appropriate parts and accessories. Parts can include engines, brake and transmission components, batteries, headlights, and tyres, as well as vehicle accessories. An Automotive Parts Interpreter may perform the following tasks: • Identify the make, model, and variation of motor vehicles and automotive equipment. • Carry out storage and stock control procedures. • Materials handling. • Customer advice and sales activities. • Identify and source required parts and accessories. • Collect, pack, dispatch or deliver ordered parts. • Assist customers in repairing or replacing parts. • Order parts from warehouses and external suppliers. • Process payments and discounts for parts and accessories. Parts Interpreters usually work in motor accessory dealerships, large car dealerships and motor wreckers. An interpreter may specialise in one particular make of a vehicle, and most of their time is spent assisting customers. HOW DO I BECOME A PARTS INTERPRETER? Those aspiring to become an automotive parts CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A PARTS INTERPRETER 12 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

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interpreter will usually complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification such as Certificate III in Automotive Sales (AUR31020). This course provides training in identifying and matching automotive parts, selecting, and supplying automotive parts and stock control. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Automotive Parts Interpreter involves: • Up to four years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy clerical and administrative work. • Good communication and sales skills. • Aptitude for working with computers.


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ELECTRIC VEHICLE N A I C I N H C TE WHAT DOES AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNICIAN DO? Electric Vehicle (EV) Technicians work on the highvoltage electrical components, as well as the mechanical parts, of battery, mild-hybrid, and plugin hybrid electric vehicles. They perform diagnostic testing, identify faults on EVs including on its steering, transmission, and suspension systems and, specifically, the battery and electric motor powertrain. An EV Technician may perform the following tasks: • Diagnose, repair or replace high-voltage rechargeable battery systems. • Diagnose, repair or replace motors and associated components, including DC to DC converters and system instrumentation. • Depower and reinitialise battery electric vehicles, and test and charge battery systems. • Repair or replace worn and defective parts inclduing transmissions, steering mechanisms, and other vehicle components. • Carry out minor body and trim repairs. • Perform scheduled maintenance services, such as oil changes, lubrication, and tyre changes. • Talk to vehicle owners about the repair process. EV Technicians usually work in vehicle dealerships; for governments (local, state, and national) that use EVs in their fleets; for logistic businesses that run EV fleets; and for suitably equipped independent workshops. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE TECHNICIAN

HOW DO I BECOME AN EV TECHNICIAN? Those aspiring to become an EV technician must complete an apprenticeship or traineeship. While a pure battery EV does not have an internal combustion engine, hybrid electric vehicles do, and all vehicles have brakes, suspension and other components so general automotive knowledge is required. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) includes introductory training on electrical systems and components. A new qualification, the Certificate III in Automotive Electric Vehicle Technology (AUR32721) will soon be available through training organisations. Training will be performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an EV Technician involves: • Up to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Safety oriented (high-voltage electric systems are hazardous). • An interest in, computers and automotive and diagnostic programs and applications. • Keep up-to-date with new technology and new ideas. • Detail oriented. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 13


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R O O D T U O POWER T N E M P I U EQ N A I C I N H C E T

WHAT DOES AN OUTDOOR POWER EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN DO? Outdoor Power Equipment Technicians work on the mechanical components of small internal combustion engine-powered machinery. The list of such equipment includes lawn mowers, chain saws, brush cutters, generators, post hole diggers, pumps, and other such equipment. The products extend across domestic, agricultural and construction activities. An Outdoor Power Equipment Technician may perform the following tasks: • Diagnose faults on malfunctioning equipment and identify repairs to be completed and parts required. • Disassemble and reassemble engines as needed to perform repairs and correct faults, and run tests to ensure correct operation. Components may include spark plugs, carburettors, and distributors. • Replace or repair non-engine components, including cutting chains on chain saws, drill bits on post hole diggers, and impeller rotors in water pumps. • Perform inspections and routine maintenance of engine – for example oil changes and lubrication – and other equipment when required. • Test and repair electrical systems on machinery such as ride-on mowers, including instrumentation and electronic management systems • Interact with customers to ensure they are fully across any repair and maintenance issues. Outdoor Power Equipment Technicians usually work CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN OUTDOOR POWER EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN 14 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

at specialised workshops, for local councils, golf course facilities, and at power equipment dealerships. Many independent mechanical businesses also offer small engine maintenance and repair services. Some technicians may be required to do off-site repair work – often agricultural or industrial facilities. HOW DO I BECOME AN OUTDOOR POWER EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN? Those aspiring to become an outdoor power equipment technician will usually have to complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate III in Outdoor Power Equipment (AUR30720) is the required apprenticeship qualification. Pre-vocational studies, such as a Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) give a basic introduction to mechanical and electrical component work and can be useful before entering an apprenticeship. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Outdoor Power Equipment Technician involved: • Up to four years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work and able to work with your hands. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills.


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E V I T O M O AUT L A C I R T C E EL N A I C I N H C TE WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL TECHNICIAN DO? Automotive Electrical Technicians are qualified to install, repair and maintain a vehicle’s electrical wiring and components. They use specialist diagnostic equipment to diagnose faults and work on systems such as electronic ignitions, automatic transmissions, air conditioning, wiring looms, computer and infotainment systems and other components that rely on the vehicle’s electrical system. An Automotive Electrical Technician may perform the following tasks: • use diagnostic equipment to locate electrical faults and dismantle, remove, and install electrical assemblies and components • connect power-operated components and accessories to a vehicle’s electrical system • test and replace defective alternators, generators, and starter motors • repair and/or replace faulty ignition and electrical wiring, fuses and switches • Talk to vehicle owners about electrical issues and answer questions about the repair process Automotive electrical technicians work in vehicle dealerships, for authorities such as local governments and councils servicing their vehicle fleets, for independent workshops, and for specialist automotive electrical businesses. The job is often mobile, requiring travel to the customer and off-site work. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL TECHNICIAN

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HOW DO I BECOME AND AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL TECHNICIAN Those aspiring to become an automotive electrical technician must complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) and/or a Certificate II in Automotive Electrical Technology (AUR20420) will give an excellent grounding in the requirements for the job. A Certificate III in Automotive Electrical Technology (AUR30320) is the required apprenticeship qualification. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Automotive Electrical Technician involves: • Up to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills • Able to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges • Safety and detail oriented • An understanding of mathematics and interest in circuitry, computers and software • Keep up-to-date with technological developments 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 15


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HEAVY VEHICLE C I N A H C E M WHAT DOES A HEAVY VEHICLE MECHANIC DO? Heavy Vehicle Mechanics work on the maintenance, testing, and repair of heavy vehicles such as trucks, buses, agricultural and earthmoving machinery. They perform diagnostic testing, using specialist equipment, to identify faults and ensure the smooth operation of a vehicle. Systems a heavy vehicle mechanic will work on include the engine (often a diesel engine), steering, transmission, suspension and other systems critical to the machinery’s performance. A Heavy Vehicle Mechanic may perform the following tasks: • Repair or replace worn and defective parts by dismantling and removing engine assemblies, transmissions, steering mechanisms, and other vehicle components. • Reassemble, test, and adjust vehicle components. Use diagnostic instruments and specialised equipment to ensure they are working properly. • Inspect electrical and electronic systems and hydraulics and test to ensure correct operation. • Carry out routine servicing - such as oil changes, lubrication, and engine tune-ups - of vehicles both in a workshop and at a customer’s location. • Test and repair electrical systems such as ignition, instrumentation, and electronic fuel injection. • Inspect vehicles and issue roadworthy certificates. • Talk to vehicle owners about mechanical issues and answer questions about the repair process. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A HEAVY VEHICLE MECHANIC 16 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

Heavy vehicle mechanics usually work in vehicle dealerships, for authorities such as local governments and councils servicing their vehicle fleets, for transport and logistic companies, mining companies, and for independent workshops. The job is workshop-based but is often mobile, requiring travel to the customer and off-site work. HOW DO I BECOME A HEAVY VEHICLE MECHANIC? Those aspiring to become a heavy vehicle mechanic must complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) offers excellent grounding in the requirements for the job and provides a pathway to an apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Heavy Commercial Vehicle Mechanical Technology (AUR31120) is the required apprenticeship qualification. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Heavy Vehicle Mechanic involves: • Up to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work and able to work with your hands. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Safety and detail oriented.


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MOBILE PLANT C I N A H C E M WHAT DOES A MOBILE PLANT MECHANIC DO? Mobile Plant Mechanics work on the servicing, repairing, and maintenance of mobile heavy equipment such as highway transport vehicles, construction and earthmoving equipment, tractors, and mobile industrial equipment. They perform diagnostic testing, using specialist equipment, to identify faults and ensure the smooth operation of a vehicle. Systems a mobile plant mechanic will be expected to work on include the engine (often a diesel engine), hydraulics, transmission, steering, suspension and other systems critical to the machinery’s performance. A Mobile Plant Mechanic may perform the following tasks: • Repair or replace worn and defective parts by dismantling and removing engine assemblies, transmissions, steering mechanisms, and other vehicle components. • Reassemble, test, and adjust vehicle components. Use various diagnostic instruments and specialised equipment to ensure they are working properly. • Inspect electrical and electronic systems and hydraulics to identify faults for repair, then test to ensure that they are working correctly. • Carry out routine servicing - such as oil changes - of vehicles both in a workshop and on-site at a customer’s location. • Test and repair electrical systems such as ignition, nstrumentation, and electronic fuel injection. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A MOBILE PLANT MECHANIC

• Talk to vehicle owners about mechanical and other issues and answer questions about the repair process Mobile plant mechanics usually work in dealerships, for authorities such as local governments and councils, for logistic companies, businesses in the mining and agricultural sectors, and for independent workshops. The job is workshop-based but is often mobile, requiring travel to the customer and off-site work. HOW DO I BECOME A MOBILE PLANT MECHANIC? Those aspiring to become a mobile plant mechanic must complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) offers excellent grounding in the requirements for the job and provides a pathway to an apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Mobile Plant Technology (AUR31220) is the required apprenticeship qualification. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Mobile Plant Mechanic involves: • Up to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work and able to work with your hands. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Safety and detail oriented. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 17


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E V I T O M O T AU AIR G N I N O I T I D CON N A I C I N H C E T WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIANS DO? Automotive Air Conditioning Technicians work on the servicing, repairing, installation, and maintenance of the Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems (and Climate Control systems) of vehicles. Components within the HVAC system include a compressor, condenser, valves, evaporator, accumulator, and the system refrigerant. An Automotive Air Conditioning technician may perform the following tasks: • Diagnoses the cause of malfunctions and repair or replace components of the HVAC system using specialist tools. • Use various tools to bolt, solder, weld, or rivet relevant pipes and components into the system. • Handle refrigerants and refill the system when required. Understand the requirements to handle the chemical refrigerant. • Test and adjust components and the system to ensure it is working properly. • Talk to vehicle owners about the repair or maintenance process and other issues that may arise. Automotive air conditioning technicians usually work in dealerships, for independent workshops, or specialised automotive HVAC businesses. They are often mobile and work on-site at the customer’s location. Customers can be from any vehicle sector from passenger cars to trucks to mining vehicles. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN 18 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE AIR CONDITIONING TECHNICIAN? Those aspiring to become an automotive air conditioning technician must complete a Certificate II in Automotive Air Conditioning Technology (AUR20220). Required before commencement of the traineeship is a Refrigerant and Air Conditioning Trainee Licence from the Australian Refrigeration Council (ARC). A Refrigerant Handling Licence from ARC will be required follwoing successful completion of the traineeship. The Certificate II in Automotive Air Conditioning Technology (AUR20220) can take a few days to some weeks to complete, depending on the training provider and their training schedule. Training is performed within a Registered Training Organisation (RTO) training facility. Qualifying as an Automotive Air Conditioning Technician involves: • A few days to a few weeks depending on the training provider and skill level of the trainee. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Safety and detail oriented. • Keep up to date with technological developments.


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E V I T O M O AUT Y D O B R E D N U N A I C I N H C E T WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE UNDERBODY TECHNICIAN DO? Automotive underbody technicians carry out vehicle servicing, and specialise in the repair of braking, steering and suspension systems, as well as the inspection, service and repair of light vehicle and 4WD tyres, rims and associated components. An Automotive Underbody Technician may perform the following tasks: • Diagnose faults and repair braking systems. This includes replacing brake pads, machining brake disc rotors, assembling and fitting wheel hubs and associated components such as calipers. • Inspect, service, diagnose faults and repair clutch systems. • Inspect and service suspension systems – including shock absorbers, springs, and sway bars. • Inspect, repair or replace, and balance and align wheels and tyres. • Diagnose faults and repair steering and suspension systems. • Inspect, test and repair exhaust system. This may include fabricating exhaust system components. • Talk to vehicle owners about the repair or maintenance process and other issues that may arise. Automotive underbody technicians usually work in dealerships, for independent mechanical workshops, or tyre and brake specialist facilities. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE UNDERBODY TECHNICIAN

HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE UNDERBODY TECHNICIAN? Those aspiring to become an automotive underbody technician must complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A broad range of skills are required to perform the tasks expected of an underbody technician. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides an introduction to the mechanical sector, while a Certificate II in Automotive Underbody Technology (AUR21220) is a traineeship is excellent preparation for a trade apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Automotive Underbody Technology (AUR32518) is the required apprenticeship qualification. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Automotive Underbody Technician involves: • Up to four years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship and/or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Safety and detail oriented. • Keep up-to-date with technological developments. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 19


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BICYCLE N A I C I N H C TE WHAT DOES A BICYCLE TECHNICIAN DO? Bicycle Technicians are involved in all aspects of bicycle assembly, including preparing them for sale in a retail environment as well as their service and repair. All elements and components of a bicycle fall within the scope of the job – including suspension, braking, steering, and gearing systems – and technicians may also work on e-bikes that use an integrated electric motor. A bicycle technician will likely also be involved in a sales or advisory capacity, assisting customers with a bicycle purchase and advising them on servicing, repairs and available accessories. A Bicycle Technician may perform the following tasks: • Assemble, check and test new bicycles ready for sale. • If working for a bicycle retailer, a technician may be involved in sales, serving customers in the showroom. • Service and repair bicycles use specialist equipment. Tasks may include fabricating replacement components and welding work if repairing a bicycle frame. In the case of electric bicycles, it may mean working on power-assist systems and components. • Remove, fit and adjust accessories. Bicycle technicians usually work at a bicycle shop/ retailer, for manufacturers, or for businesses thathire bicycles and e-bikes. An experienced bicycle technician may be employed by a professional race team (for CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A BICYCLE TECHNICIAN 20 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

example, road, track, or mountain bike teams) servicing and maintaining the high-performance bicycles of the riders and maintaining the equipment needed for the outfit to perform at its best. HOW DO I BECOME A BICYCLE TECHNICIAN? While a formal qualification may not be essential for gaining employment in this role and some employers may deliver on-the-job training, many bicycle businesses do look for qualified candidates. Formal training offers the best preparation and prospects for a career as a bicycle technician. A Certificate III in Bicycle Workshop Operations (AUR30220) is the apprenticeship qualification for a bicycle technician. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Bicycle Technician involves: • Up to three years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Detail oriented. • Able to interact easily with customers. • Interested in the advances in bicycle technology.


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E V I T O M O AUT TYRE N A I C I N H C E T WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE TYRE TECHNICIAN DO? Tyre technicians specialise in the fitting, balancing, and repairing of tyres for passenger cars, trucks, heavy vehicles and other equipment and machinery. They ensure that the fitted tyres are in good condition and safe to use. Tyre technicians may also provide advice about the type of tyre – size, tread pattern, speed and load rating – that is appropriate for a vehicle. An Automotive Tyre Technician may perform the following tasks: • Inspect tyres for tread depth, splits or other damage to the side wall, other signs of ageing and wear and tear, and advise as to whether the tyre requires replacing or repair. Additionally, technicians may check the wheel for signs of damage and ensure that it is also in good condition. • Identify and repair punctures. This may include removal of embedded objects (such as nails) and then ensuring the tyre can actually be repaired. • Use specialised fitting equipment to remove and replace tyres. • Use specialised wheel alignment equipment to ensure the vehicle’s steering and suspension is correctly set. • Use specialised wheel balancing equipment to ensure vehicle weight is evenly distributed across all wheels and tyres to prevent uneven tyre wear. • Talk with customers and advise on the appropriate CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE UNDERBODY TECHNICIAN

tyre for their vehicle and its intended use if they wish to use a tyre other than the factory-fitted brand. Tyre technicians usually work at either specialist workshops or at regular independent and dealership mechanical facilites. Mobile tyre servicing is a feature of the sector. There are specialised mobile businesses or it may be offered by a workshop-based business. HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE TYRE TECHNICIAN? While formal qualifications are not essential to become a tyre technician, options are available and training is useful to be job-ready. An employer may require the completion of a traineeship which may include a Certificate II in Automotive Tyre Servicing Technology (AUR21920). Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Gaining a formal Automotive Tyre Technician qualification involves: • Up to one year. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Detail oriented. • Able to work in a crouched or standing position for extended periods. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 21


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L A R U T L U AGRIC T N E M P I U Q E N A I C I N H C E T WHAT DOES AN AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN DO? Agricultural equipment technicians service, maintain, and repair heavy farm machinery. The range of equipment is broad – from crop planters and seeding machinery, to harvesters and balers and other powered equipment – and technicians need a broad range of skills to ensure continued, efficient operation. An Agricultural Equipment Technician may perform the following tasks: • Diagnose and repair system faults including on engines (often diesel); fuel injection systems and transmissions; electrical systems; suspension; hydraulic and pneumatic systems; and possibly alternative fuel systems such as CNG (compressed natural gas) and LPG (Liquified Petroleum Gas). • Disassemble machinery and/or engines and repair or replace parts, and perform maintenance services. • Use advanced testing and diagnostic equipment to ensure equipment is working correctly. • Use thermal cutting, welding, and fabrication tools to repair or replace components. • Educate customers on the operation of new equipment, and consult on operational issues. Agricultural equipment technicians usually work either for farming or agricultural concerns, machinery dealerships and manufacturers, or specialist workshops. By virtue of the location of farms and other agricultural businesses, these jobs are often found in CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN 22 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

regional areas. For those working with workshops or dealerships the job can be mobile, requiring technicians to do field work at the customer’s location. HOW DO I BECOME AN AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT TECHNICIAN? Those aspiring to become an agricultural equipment technician must complete an apprenticeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides a basic introduction to automotive systems and offers a pathway to an apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Agricultural Mechanical Technology (AUR30420) is the required apprenticeship qualification. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Agricultural Equipment Technician involves: • Up to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Detail oriented. • Have good communication skills. • Be confident to work alone or as part of a small team as field work will be required.


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ENGINE

R E N O I T I D N O REC

WHAT DOES AN ENGINE RECONDITIONER DO? Engine reconditioners work on the restoration and repair of internal combustion engines. They are responsible for overhauling an engine and refurbishing it to ensure continued, reliable operation. They work on every element within an engine, including the cylinder heads and blocks, crankshafts, camshafts, and pistons. Combustion engines power many vehicles and machines - from lawnmowers to passenger cars to trucks to boats - and engine reconditioners can expect to work on them all. They use highly specialised equipment to perform the many tasks involved in the role including sensitive measuring tools, grinding and welding machines, and diagnostic instruments. An Engine Reconditioner may perform the following tasks: • Remove, disassemble, and inspect engines for damage. Use tools such as micrometres, and bore and pressure gauges to measure components and diagnose faults. • Use equipment such as crankshaft and camshaft grinders, cylinder borers, honing machines, seat cutters, and many more, to restore components. • Reassemble and install engines after reconditioning is complete. • Test, balance, and adjust components. Engine reconditioners often work for specialist workshops but can be employed by any mechanical CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN ENGINE RECONDITIONER

business – from independent workshops to transport and logistic companies to mining and heavy machinery businesses and more. An engine reconditioner’s skills can be used to enhance and improve an engine’s power too, so they may also find work with motorsport teams or specialist performance businesses. HOW DO I BECOME AN ENGINE RECONDITIONER? Those aspiring to become an engine reconditioner must complete an apprenticeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides a basic introduction ito automotive systems and paves a pathway to an automotive apprenticeship. The required apprenticeship qualification is a Certificate III in Automotive Engine Reconditioning (AUR31316). Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Engine Reconditioner involves: • Two to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Detail oriented. • Interested in the developing engine technology. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 23


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TRAILER N A I C I N H C TE WHAT DOES A TRAILER TECHNICIAN DO? Trailer technicians specialise in the inspection, repair and maintenance of trailer systems and related components that are used by heavy haulage vehicles. In a heavy commercial truck, for example, such as a semi-trailer or B-Double, this would mean the mechanical, electrical, brake, and hydraulic systems associated with the trailer rig that can be unhitched from the tractor unit. A Trailer Technician may perform the following tasks: • Use specialist equipment to diagnose problems and identify required repairs. • Repair and replace worn or defective parts, including within the vehicle lighting and wiring systems, air brake system, as well as the axles, wheels, hubs and suspension of the trailer. • Inspect and repair or replace trailer tyres. • Repair and maintain the coupling system – including fifth-wheel and kingpin components – at the point where the trailer is attached to the tractor unit. • Repairs may require fabrication work and the use of thermal cutting tools and welding equipment. • Perform scheduled maintenance services. • Ensure trailers meet road safety requirements. Trailer technicians usually work for heavy commercial transport and logistics companies, specialist CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A TRAILER TECHNICIAN 24 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

independent trailer repair businesses, and companies that work in sectors where heavy haulage trailers are used - such as mining, or port and dock facilities. HOW DO I BECOME A TRAILER TECHNICIAN? Those aspiring to become a trailer technician must complete an apprenticeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides a basic introduction to automotive systems and offers a pathway to an apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Heavy Commercial Trailer Technology (AUR31820) is the apprenticeship qualification required to become a trailer technician. It covers all the very varied elements of the job that a technician may encounter. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Trailer Technician involves: • Up to three years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical, physically heavy work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Interest in all aspects of heavy vehicles and the advancing technology of the industry. • Detail oriented.


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VEHICLE TRIMMER WHAT DOES A VEHICLE TRIMMER DO? Vehicle trimmers – also known as automotive upholsterers – work on the repair, replacement, modification and installation of the interior trim and materials of vehicles, including seats, headlining, floor covers, doors, armrests, dashboards and canvas coverings. A vehicle trimmer’s skills are also utilised by other industries, including the marine industry for boat cabins and interiors, commercial transport businesses such as bus and coach companies, and the leisure and recreational vehicle industry for the interiors of caravans and RVs. A Vehicle Trimmer may perform the following tasks: • Removal of old trim, upholstery and coverings and the measuring up of the cabin and interior for the fitting of new material. • Use drawings and sketches to prepare that material – which can be fabric, leather, vinyl, or others. • Use equipment such as measuring and cutting tools and sewing machines to prepare fabrics and stitch material to the required form to fit around the seats, doors and other components. • Install and check parts such as window winding mechanisms, door locks, levers, handles and buttons. • Potentially work with customers on design, material, and colour choices. Vehicle trimmers can work for specialist trimming repairing and restoration businesses, smash repair CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A VEHICLE TRIMMER

workshops, classic car restorers, or manufacturers of cars and trucks, boats and recreational vehicles. The job can be mobile when dealing with minor repairs and especially so for businesses offering trimming services to owners of marine craft, caravans, buses and coaches, large trucks and other heavy machines. HOW DO I BECOME A VEHICLE TRIMMER? Those aspiring to become a vehicle trimmer will usually have to complete an apprenticeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate III in Automotive and Marine Trimming Technology (AUR32320) is the qualification employers may require. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Vehicle Trimmer involves: • Two to three years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work, be dexterous and able to work with your hands. • Be detail oriented. Vehicle trimmers work with elements such as contrast stitching where neatness and consistency are vital. • Have an eye for design and be able to think creatively. Customers may ask for input on trim colours, materials and styling.

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MARINE MECHANIC WHAT DOES A MARINE MECHANIC DO? Marine mechanics service, maintain, and repair mechanical and electrical equipment – such as inboard and outboard engines and battery electronic control systems - on watercraft. These vessels can vary from small jet ski-style craft to large ocean-going boats. Marine mechanics may also work on hydraulic, steering, pump, and heating systems. A Marine Mechanic may perform the following tasks: • Use specialised equipment to diagnose problems and service and repair outboard, inboard and ship engines; transmissions; steering and hydraulic sysetms and other drive components such as propellers, drive shafts, and jet drive propulsion. • Use specialised equipment to diagnose problems and service and repair electrical systems, including instrumentation, lighting, ignition systems, and air conditioning and heating systems. • Test systems using various instruments and equipment to ensure they are operating correctly. • Perform scheduled maintenance services. • Talk to vehicle owners about mechanical issues and answer questions about the repair process. Marine mechanics usually work for manufacturers or dealers of boats, houseboats, and personal watercraft (such as jet skis), as well as specialist repair and maintenance businesses. Companies involved in offshore operations such as drilling and exploration CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A MARINE MECHANIC 26 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

may also require the skills of marine mechanics, as do transport and shipping concerns. Travel to the customer’s location – perhaps a dock or marina – may be required. HOW DO I BECOME A MARINE MECHANIC? Those aspiring to become a marine mechanic may have to complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. Marine craft and automotive vehicles share similar technology – from engines to electricals systems – and a Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides an introduction to these areas and offers a pathway to an apprenticeship. A Certificate III in Marine Mechanical Technology (AUR30520) is the required apprenticeship qualification employers will require a marine mechanic to have. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Marine Mechanic involves: • Up to four years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal Personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Detail oriented. • Enjoy being out on the water testing and working on boats and other watercraft.


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VEHICLE LOSS ASSESSOR WHAT DOES A VEHICLE LOSS ASSESSOR DO? A vehicle loss assessor inspects vehicles that have sustained damage in an accident or some other incident such as flooding. They usually work with, or for, insurance companies to determine the extent of damage to vehicles and whether it makes financial sense to repair the vehicle or to declare it a writeoff (where it is determined that the cost of repair outweighs the vehicle’s value). A Vehicle Loss Assessor may perform the following tasks: • Examine and test elements of the vehicle – mechanical and electrical, as well as structural such as the chassis and body panels – to determine the extent of the damage and what needs to be repaired to bring the vehicle back to safe condition. • Use specialist software to estimate the cost of repair, possible labour costs, and time that may be required for completion of the work. • Use knowledge of the market to determine the value of the vehicle and whether the costs make the repair of the vehicle economically justifiable. • Liaise with the customers – insurance companies and possibly the vehicle owners – to keep them informed of the assessment. HOW DO I BECOME A VEHICLE LOSS ASSESSOR? A vehicle loss assessor needs to have a good understanding of how a vehicle works, the systems – mechanical, electrical and structural – it relies on CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A VEHICLE LOSS ASSESSOR

to operate safely, as well as an understanding of the mechanical, smash repair, and insurance industries. It is common for loss assessors to already have experience as a qualified tradesperson within the industry. A pathway to a vehicle loss assessor role might start with completing a Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) which provides a basic introduction into the automotive industry and paves a pathway to an automotive apprenticeship. Those who have completed apprenticeships and are qualified as light or heavy vehicle mechanics, auto electricians, or vehicle body repairers and painters, can transition into a vehicle loss assessor role, and may do so by completing a Certificate IV in Vehicle Loss Assessing (AUR40520). Qualifying as a Vehicle Loss Assessor involves: • More than five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of an apprenticeship before further training for a Certificate IV in Vehicle Loss Assessing. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Detail oriented. • Interest in the insurance industry. • Interest in, and knowledge of, the latest in industry technological developments especially in terms of vehicle technology and repair methods. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 27


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E V I T O M O AUT BRAKE T S I L A I C E P S WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE SPECIALIST DO? Automotive brake specialists specialise in maintaining, repairing, overhauling, and upgrading or replacing brake systems on all types of vehicles. These can include disc/rotor brakes seen on most modern cars, drum brakes, and air brakes used by heavy vehicles. An Automotive Brake Specialist may perform the following tasks: • Diagnose issues with the braking system by visual checks, driving the vehicle, and via information from the vehicle’s computer control system. • Repair or replace worn and defective parts. These may include brake pads, brake rotors and calipers in disc brake systems, or backing plates, wheel cylinder, shoes and shoe linings in drum brake systems. • Use specialist equipment to machine/resurface brake rotors and/or drums. • If working on disc or drum systems, bleed and refill the system with hydraulic brake fluid. • Ensure that air storage tanks and air compressor on air brake systems are correctly operating. Automotive brake specialists usually work for businesses that focus on vehicle underbody services, such as tyre, exhaust, and suspension workshops. They may also work for transport and logistic companies, and at regular dealership and independent mechanical workshops. Brake specialists may specialise on either light vehicles such as passenger cars, 4WDs, and CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE SPECIALIST 28 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

light commercial vehicles, or heavy vehicles such as trucks, buses, coaches, and heavy machinery. HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE BRAKE SPECIALIST? Those aspiring to become an automotive brake specialist must usually complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides an introduction to the automotive industry and a pathway to an automotive apprenticeship. Other options include a Certificate II in Automotive Tyre Servicing Technology (AUR21920). A Certificate III in Automotive Underbody Technology (AUR32518) is the apprenticeship qualification that employers may require. Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as an Automotive Brake Specialist involves: • Two to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal Personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Detail oriented. • Interest in developing automotive technology such as regenerative braking.


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E V I T O M O AUT COOLING N A I C I N H C E T WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE COOLING TECHNICIAN DO? Automotive Cooling Technicians specialise in the maintenance of a vehicle’s cooling system – the system that runs liquid coolant through and around the engine to keep it from overheating. They test the system, identify faults, and replace or repair components if required to ensure the system, and the vehicle, are operating correctly. An Automotive Cooling Technician may perform the following tasks: • Test the system and, if a problem is present, discuss with the vehicle owner what repairs are required. • Repair or replace worn and defective parts by dismantling and removing elements of the cooling assembly. These may include the radiator, thermostat valve, coolant pump, liquid coolant, tanks and hoses that enable the coolant to flow through the engine. • Repair a radiator by recoring or rodding – procedures that involve the use of soldering equipment and acid cleaning. • Perform regular maintenance, including flushing old liquid coolant from the system and refilling according to the vehicle manufacturers’ specifications. • Test the repaired or serviced system to ensure correct operation. Automotive cooling technicians work at vehicle dealerships, independent mechanical workshops, for logistic and transport companies, for workshops CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE COOLING TECHNICIAN

dealing with heavy agricultural and mining machinery, and other businesses which deal with vehicles that use liquid cooling systems. HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE COOLING TECHNICIAN? Those aspiring to specialise as an automotive cooling technician will usually have to complete an apprenticeship or traineeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Vocational Preparation (AUR20720) provides a basic introduction into the automotive industry and offers a pathway to an automotive apprenticeship. A Certificate II in Automotive Underbody Technology (AUR21220) offers elective training units in the diagnosis and repair of cooling systems and radiator repairs. A number of the mechanical Certificate III qualifications - including those in light vehicle, heavy vehicle, agricultural equipment, outdoor power equipment, and mobile plant – also deliver training in cooling system diagnosis and repair. Qualifying as an Automotive Cooling Technician involves: • Two to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal Personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges. • Detail oriented. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 29


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E V I T O M O T AU N O S R E P S E L SA WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE SALESPERSON DO? An Automotive Salesperson is someone who sells or buys vehicles on behalf of a licensed motor dealer. They are often the first contact for customers searching for a vehicle and, as such, they need to know not only everything about the vehicles that the dealership has for sale, but be knowledgeable about the administrative process that selling and buying a vehicle entails, and be professional in dealing with customers. An Automotive Salesperson may perform the following tasks: • Be the first point of contact for potential customers considering the purchase of a vehicle. • Advise potential customers on the details of vehicles for sale. This may include assisting them in finding and viewing vehicles that are ideal for their personal circumstances - for example, a ute or commercial van for a tradesperson. • Take potential customers on test drives of vehicles they are considering purchasing. • Guide customers through the purchasing process, including the legal paperwork requirements such as contracts, statutory warranty, transfer of ownership, roadworthy certificate, and previous ownership history. • Highlight additional services that the dealership may offer vehicle buyers, including accessory options that might include floor mats, seat covers, nudge bars, towbars and more. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE SALESPERSON 30 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

• Contact customers after the vehicle sale has been concluded to ensure they are satisfied with their new vehicle and the purchasing process. An automotive salesperson usually works at a dealership. These can be new vehicle dealerships, which sell the latest models, or used vehicle dealerships. Some dealer businesses sell ‘on consignment’ and are brokers, meaning they sell vehicles on behalf of private owners. Others may sell via auctions. HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE SALESPERSON? Those aspiring to become an automotive salesperson in Queensland must be registered with the state government. Certain conditions – such as being over 18 and having a criminal history check – need to be met to obtain the registration certification, as does the completion of a motor vehicle salesperson course. The course can be completed online and is offered by Registered Training Organisations (RTO). Qualifying as an Automotive Salesperson involves: • Up to six months to complete an online course. • Applying to be registered as an automotive salesperson with the state government. Ideal Personality requirements include: • Passionate about cars. • Enjoy working with customers to help them purchase a new vehicle. • Be detail oriented. • Have excellent communication skills and a keen focus on customer service.


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E V I T O M O AUT PARTS RECYCLER WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE PARTS RECYCLER DO? An Automotive Parts Recycler is someone who sells used vehicle parts. Quality used parts can be sourced from wrecked or written-off vehicles and a parts recycler will store such vehicles and remove the undamaged, quality components and make them available for purchase. Parts can be from any area of the vehicle and be anything from suspension parts to interior fittings to body panels to windows, as well as wheels and exhausts and electrical parts such as starter motors and entertainment systems. An Automotive Parts Recycler may perform the following tasks: • Buy and organise the collection of wrecked vehicles and arrange for their storage at an appropriate facility where they can be dismantled. • Dismantle the damaged vehicle to salvage the quality components for sale. • Be a point of contact for customers who may be members of the public or other automotive industry businesses. • Arrange for the packaging and delivery of parts to customers if the purchase has been arranged online or over the phone. • Arrange for the unsalvageable elements of the vehicle to be removed, possibly to specialist recyclers such as those who recycle tyres and batteries and metals. CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE PARTS RECYCLEER

An automotive parts recycler will work at, or be the owner of, a parts recycling business. These may be a wrecker’s yard or be a warehouse facility that is part of large parts supplier business. Automotive parts recyclers are not able to sell complete vehicles. HOW DO I BECOME AN AUTOMOTIVE PARTS RECYCLER? Those aspiring to become an automotive parts recycler in Queensland – either as a salesperson or a dealer – must be registered with the state government and, for dealers, hold the required dealership licence. Certain conditions – such as being over 18 and having a criminal history check – need to be met to obtain this registration and licensing and both roles require the completion of training courses. Both the Motor Dealer Wrecker course, and the Motor Wrecker Salesperson course can be completed online and is offered by Registered Training Organisations (RTO). Qualifying as an Automotive Parts Recycler – dealer or salesperson involves: • Up to six months to complete an online course. • Applying to be registered and receive the appropriate certification and licensing. Ideal personality requirements include: • Passionate about cars. • Enjoy practical work. • Enjoy working with customers to help them purchase the parts they need. • Be detail oriented. • Have excellent communication skills and a keen focus on customer service. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 31


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Y D O B E L C I VEH N O I S I L L O C REPAIRER WHAT DOES A VEHICLE BODY COLLISION REPAIRER DO? Vehicle body repairers work on the structural components of vehicles such as the chassis and body frames as well as the external body panels and elements such as bumpers, grilles and other cosmetic items. They are usually part of a team that is responsible for returning a damaged vehicle back to as-new factory condition. A Vehicle Body Collision repairer may perform the following tasks: • Assess damaged vehicles and determine what work is required, estimate the repair cost, and create a plan for the job to be completed. • Repair structural damage by using specialised equipment, including mechanical and hydraulic equipment, to realign and straighten the chassis and body frames. • Use cutting, welding and fabricating equipment to remove and replace damaged parts. • Repair minor body damage to exterior panels or remove more severely damaged body parts to be repaired or replaced. • Fit new or repaired body panels once repaired and painted. Vehicle body collision repairers usually work for specialist collision repair businesses. These can be large multi-location enterprises or smaller independent shops. Repairers can also work for CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A VEHICLE BODY COLLISION REPAIRER 32 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

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businesses that focus on modifications or classic car restoration. HOW DO I BECOME A VEHICLE BODY COLLISION REPAIRER? Those aspiring to become a vehicle body collision repairer must complete an apprenticeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Body Repair Technology - Auto Body Repair (AUR20920) provides a solid base of knowledge and skills, including basic panel beating skills, and offers a pathway to an apprenticeship. The required apprenticeship qualification is a Certificate III in Automotive Body Repair Technology (AUR32120). Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Vehicle Body Collision Repairer involves: • Up to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Troubleshooting and diagnostic skills. • Ability to manipulate and control dials, switches, and gauges and handle cutting and welding equipment. • Be detail oriented. Structural damage to a vehicle must be repaired correctly as it is an important safety issue. An eye for detail is vital.


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VEHICLE R E H S I N I F RE WHAT DOES A VEHICLE REFINISHER DO? Vehicle refinishers work to bring a vehicle’s exterior finish – particularly the paint finish – to as-new, factory condition. In the collision repair sector, they match the paint required for repaired body panels to look like the undamaged panels of a vehicle. They may also work on undamaged vehicles, repainting an entire vehicle to a customer’s request using various types of paints, colours, mixes and blends to create the finish. Vehicle refinishers may also work with car wraps coloured vinyl material applied to a vehicle’s body offering a different method to deliver a unique design. A Vehicle Refinisher may perform the following tasks: • Work with customers on paint and colour options. • Prepare vehicle body panels for painting. This may include the use of cleaning products and sanding tools and, if the vehicle’s body panels are not being removed for individual painting, masking off areas of the vehicle that are to be left unpainted - for example windows and headlights • Use primers – a bonding agent - on the body panels that are to be painted and then mix and prepare paint for application. • Wear protective clothing and use specialist spray gun tools to apply the paint. • Buff and polish the finished paintwork. Vehicle refinishers usually work for either specialist collision repair businesses. These can be large CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE A VEHICLE REFINISHER

multi-location enterprises or smaller independent shops. Refinishers can also work for businesses that specialise in delivering unique finishes to customers’ specifications, or with other specialist workshops such as vehicle modifiers and classic car restorers. HOW DO I BECOME A VEHICLE REFINISHER? Those aspiring to become a vehicle refinisher must complete an apprenticeship and gain a vocational qualification. A Certificate II in Automotive Body Repair Technology – Automotive Painting (AUR20920) provides a solid base of knowledge and skills and offers a pathway to an apprenticeship. The required apprenticeship qualification is a Certificate III in Automotive Refinishing Technology (AUR32420). Training is performed within a workshop as well as with a Registered Training Organisation (RTO). Qualifying as a Vehicle Body Collision Repairer involves: • Up to five years. • Attending paid work with an employer for the duration of the apprenticeship or traineeship. • Attending formal training with an RTO. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Be detail oriented and have a creative streak. Beautifully finished, blemish-free paint work is the goal of a refinisher and knowing what colour and design can work on a car is a useful skill. • Have good communication skills and be comfortable working directly with customers. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 33


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VEHICLE DETAILER WHAT DOES A VEHICLE DETAILER DO? Vehicle detailers offer a cleaning service for all areas of a vehicle’s interior and exterior. This can include cleaning the body and windows, cabin upholstery, the trim, wheels, tyres, and the engine and the engine bay. Those services can range from vacuuming and a wash to a full detail including steam cleaning and application of polishing and protective products. A variety of cleaning materials, from shampoos to foams to polishing compounds and waxes, and equipment such as vacuums, brushes, sprayers, polishing and finishing pads and blowers, are used. A Vehicle Detailer may perform the following tasks: • Wash the vehicle using special cleaning products. Dry, buff, polish and wax body panels. • Remove carpets and upholstery to be cleaned, and vacuum and clean the interior of the car using a variety of cleaning products and tools. • Apply protectant products to rejuvenate and preserve materials and cabin surfaces. • Mask off electrical areas of the engine bay and degrease and steam clean or pressure wash the engine and bay. • Wash wheels and tyres and use a tyre coating to make the tyres look new. Vehicle detailers usually work for specialist detailing businesses. They may also work directly for, or be contracted to, vehicle dealerships to help prepare cars for sale. Detailing work can often mobile work, requiring the detailer to be able to work at a customer’s location and bring all the necessary cleaning equipment and materials with them. 34 | A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry 2023

How do I become a Vehicle Detailer? Those aspiring to become a vehicle detailer are not required to complete an apprenticeship. Learning the skills often comes with experience and working under the guidance of experienced professionals. There are, however, businesses and organisations that offer training in this field, and having a manual, unrestricted driving licence would be an advantage. QUALIFYING AS A VEHICLE DETAILER INVOLVES: • Either completing a short training course and/or learning on the job. Ideal personality requirements include: • Enjoy practical work. • Be detail oriented. Top-quality detailing requires a meticulous eye for detail. • Have good communication skills and be comfortable working directly with clients and customers.


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E V I T O M O T AU DEALER WHAT DOES AN AUTOMOTIVE DEALER DO? An automotive dealer is someone who buys and/or sells motor vehicles, including passenger vehicles, motorcycles, caravans, trucks, and commercial vehicles. These vehicles can be new or used, with the dealer often having a facility – a dealership – where they store the vehicles and which potential customers can visit to view vehicles, take them for a test drive, and meet the administrative requirements complete the paperwork required to take ownership of the vehicle. In recent years, online car buying has become more popular and car dealers can run a business through an online dealership. An automotive dealer is responsible for running the dealership. That business may be relatively small, dealing in a handful of car sales per month, to a large multi-brand operation. Either way, the dealer must be multi-skilled, able to perform the role of a salesperson and communicate with potential customers, as well as oversee the administrative workings and financial performance of the business. An automotive dealer works at the dealership, usually a physical facility from which they store and sell vehicles. Some dealers sell ‘on consignment’ and are brokers, meaning they sell vehicles on behalf of private owners. Others may sell via auctions. How do I become an Automotive Dealer? Those aspiring to become an automotive dealer in CLICK TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT TRAINING TO BE AN AUTOMOTIVE DEALER

Queensland must be licensed by the state government. Certain conditions – such as having criminal history and business checks – need to be met to obtain the licence, as does the completion of motor vehicle dealer course. The course can be completed online and is offered by Registered Training Organisations (RTO). QUALIFYING AS AN AUTOMOTIVE DEALER INVOLVES: • Up to six months to complete an online course. • Applying for a motor dealer licence from the state government. Ideal personality requirements include: • Passionate about cars and running a business. • Leadership skills and enjoy being a part of and leading a team. • Enjoy working with customers to help them purchase a new vehicle. • Attentive to the developing industry. As hybrid and electric vehicles become more common, new brands and manufacturers enter the market and consumer tastes change - both in the vehicles available and in preferred buying experience. It is essential for a dealer to be successful that they keep up to date with developments and be flexible and innovative in their thinking to meet these developments. • Have excellent communication skills and a keen focus on customer service – which is the backbone of any successful business. 2023 A Guide to Careers in the Automotive Industry | 35


Discover more about Automotive Industry careers & training at

www.mtaq.com.au

www.mtai.edu.au RTO No: 31529


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