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domingo 21 de Febrero de 2010

NUESTRA SALUD MENTAL

Moisés Rozanes Tassler

Luis Petersen Farah

Colima

La escuela del “no se puede”

Feliz, feliz no cumpleaños

N

o dijo nada nuevo. “Redescubrió la rueda”, comentaba alguien en internet. Y es cierto, no será nuevo, pero lo dice la ONU en la voz de su relator especial sobre el derecho a la educación, Vernor Muñoz Villalobos. Fue claro, más claro que lo que comúnmente oímos: el SNTE está más metido de lo que debe en las decisiones del sistema educativo, dijo. Manda y estorba. La relación “inexplicable y no recomendable” entre el sindicato y la SEP impide que alguien se haga realmente responsable de la escuela en México. Claro que lo sabemos, tanto que hasta nos hemos acostumbrado. En esta mezcla de direcciones, la escuela mexicana carece de intencionalidad. Si hace falta formar y seleccionar mejores maestros, no se puede. Si hace falta recortar la brecha entre la educación pública y la privada, o entre la escuela urbana y la rural, no se puede. Si hace falta mejorar la capacidad de lectura de nuestros escolares, no se puede; o la capacidad para plantear problemas, o las habilidades matemáticas, de cualquier manera no se puede. Si se trata de mejorar las condiciones de vida con educación, no se puede. Parece que el moroso sistema educativo tiene suficiente con mantenerse en pie, y mientras tanto el “no se puede” se convierte en la enseñanza básica para los niños de México. Ya sabemos también que los grandes desafíos de la educación se reducen como mandamientos a dos: dejar de ofrecer una educación pobre a los pobres y elevar la calidad en todos los niveles escolares y grupos de población. Y sabemos, todos sabemos, que la Alianza por la calidad de la educación naufragó en las aguas de la política, que no fue producto de “una discusión abierta ni pareciera responder a un acuerdo ciudadano”, como denunció Muñoz. El relator, que dio una rueda de prensa antes de terminar su visita al país, presentará en junio su informe definitivo. Dirá tal vez lo mismo y de nuevo no pasará nada, pues cualquier movimiento tendría, como siempre, claras consecuencias electorales. Por lo pronto, lo que dijo ya tuvo respuesta del SNTE: ¡Cómo! ¡Si ellos son “pioneros en democracia sindical”. Si alguien se ha distinguido por estar a la altura es el SNTE, dijo su secretario general. Con lo cual sólo confirma la crítica. Nada nuevo, tampoco. Pero ojalá al menos la de la ONU sea una presión más para que maestros y papás tengan una idea de que pueden aspirar a mucho más. Y que lo exijan para los educandos. pm luis.petersen@milenio.com

GRUPO EDITORIAL MILENIO FRANCISCO A. GONZÁLEZ FRANCISCO D. GONZÁLEZ A. JESÚS D. GONZÁLEZ A. CARLOS MARÍN CIRO GÓMEZ LEYVA HUGO CHAPA GAMBOA VALERIA GONZÁLEZ RAFAEL OCAMPO ROSA ESTHER JUÁREZ CARLOS BENÍTEZ

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Milenio Colima, Publicación Diaria • año 4 • No. 1426. Febrero 21, 2010 • Número de Certificado de Reserva otorgado por el Instituto Nacional de Derechos de Autor: en trámite. • Número de Certificado de Licitud de Contenido: en trámite • Número de Certificado de Licitud de Título: en trámite • Otorgados por la Comisión Calificadora de Publicaciones y Revistas Ilustradas de la Secretaría de Gobernación • Publicado y distribuido por periódico MILENIO DIARIO S.A. de C.V. • Domicilio de la Impresión y Publicación: Avena No. 17, Col. Granjas Esmeralda, C.P. 09810, México D.F. • Tels: 54-45-29-89 • Distribución Unión Nacional de Expendedores de Periódicos de México • Precio: $ 5.00 • El contenido de los artículos es responsabilidad exclusiva de los autores • Todos los derechos están reservados • Queda prohibida la reproducción parcial o total del material publicado sin consentimiento por escrito de los editores • La información contenida ha sido obtenida de fuentes que se consideran fidedignas.

He encontrado lo que tienen en común una buena columna de periódico y el amor—me dijo. –¿Qué? –Tanto el amor como la columna periodística deben satisfacernos en el momento, pero la belleza y la fuerza de ambos se miden por su capacidad de no dejar nuestra mente. El museo de la inocencia, Orhan Pamuk (2009)

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obre el fondo oscuro del espeso chocolate aparecía, en altorrelieve y en cursivas de merengue, una simple e inocente palabra: Felicidades . La llama titubeante y solitaria de una vela diminuta, situada en un improbable centro geométrico, resumía el fin de su tercera década de existencia. En ese instante se detuvo a reflexionar sobre el carácter excesivamente dramático, aunque en apariencia trivial y acelerado, de los recientes acontecimientos. Algunos días después (en circunstancias en las que resultaba imposible saber, no digamos precisar, el tiempo transcurrido) descubrió que le faltaban las dos últimas letras al mensaje desiderativo original, por lo que sobre la cremosa superficie, dulce y amargosa a la vez, quedaba -vulnerable y a la deriva- la palabra: Felicidad. Sin saber bien por qué, el inesperado descubrimiento comenzó a producirle un punzante malestar en la boca del estómago. Casi de inmediato, se vio a sí misma -desde una neblinosa distancia- avanzando cuchillo en mano y movida por un extraño e inapelable impulso. De pronto se detuvo y dando un grito brutal y desgarrador se lanzó con todas sus fuerzas a destajar tan solo una minúscula rebanada de su pastel de cumpleaños. El llanto incontenible y una sofocante sensación de vacío en el pecho la despertaron en medio de la noche. No habían pasado siquiera dos semanas desde el accidente carretero. El hombre con quien, desde varios años atrás tenía cifrado el porvenir, había muerto de la manera más estúpida e inexplicable que cualquiera pudiera imaginarse. El automóvil fue encontrado prácticamente sin huellas del impacto. Parecía como si nada hubiera ocurrido ahí, como si nadie siquiera se hubiera rasguñado. Nadie lograba explicar la manera en que salió proyectado por el parabrisas.

“En una ocasión leí que en realidad nadie sabe que está viviendo el momento más feliz de su vida mientras lo vive”

opinión 13

A escasos días de la boda, por motivos de trabajo, él tuvo nuevamente que viajar como tantas otras veces durante el largo y complicado noviazgo. Esta vez, sin embargo, ella no volvería a verlo jamás. Al menos no como seguía recordándolo en algún lugar de su mente, como un hombre joven vivo y entusiasta-, de quien tanto se había enamorado. Ella ahora está por descubrir que por ser una de las escasas enfermeras especializadas, asignada a una de las áreas más delicadas del hospital general, deberá mantener su intenso ritmo de actividad como quien se aferra a una pieza flotante en la mitad del océano. Las veces en que se ha sentido más agobiada por la reciente pérdida, pero sobre todo cuando más solitaria e incomprendida se ha descubierto, ante demandas absurdas de fortaleza por parte de aquellos -que al querer protegerla- sólo consiguen ahondar su pesadumbre, ha comprobado que son precisamente esas prolongadas horas de trabajo los momentos en que su mente logra descansar y hallar algo de sosiego. –En una ocasión leí—decía la enfermera con aquella intensidad en la mirada que únicamente concede el dolor inexplicable—que en realidad nadie sabe que está viviendo el momento más feliz de su vida mientras lo vive. Una de las tareas más desafiantes para los psiquiatras en realidad no es tanto el diagnosticar y tratar a personas con enfermedad mental, sino más bien saber distinguir entre un auténtico trastorno psiquiátrico (depresión severa) y una condición donde el sufrimiento y malestar intensos son una respuesta lógica y necesaria de seres humanos “normales”, ante las situaciones terribles e inesperadas de la vida (proceso de duelo). La enfermera fue llevada al servicio de urgencias por sus familiares. La nota ponía que la paciente no dejaba de sollozar y el diagnóstico de ingreso fue “Depresión con riesgo suicida”. Se solicitaba a la mayor brevedad consulta con psiquiatría y “para no perder tiempo”, se habían prescrito ya tranquilizantes y antidepresivos. –Al dar la primera mordida en el trozo de pastel que decía Felicidad me detuve sobresaltada. Como si fuera una “Alicia” desconcertada no pude dejar de preguntarme sobre el significado de mis deseos. ¿Acaso al comer ese trozo de pastel estaría facilitando el regreso a la normalidad, volverían los días felices, la felicidad interrumpida a consecuencia de la muerte de mi novio?, o por el contrario, ¿en el momento de incorporar en mi cuerpo, en un proceso natural de digestión, aquel pedazo oscuro y amargo de pastel, la única cuota de felicidad disponible, sería consumir para siempre la última porción de alegría y optimismo que aún quedaban en mi vida? A final de cuentas la pregunta que me hacía era pavorosamente sencilla: ¿Y ahora, qué voy hacer? Dígamelo ya. ¿Acaso la psiquiatría no sirve para eso? p rozanes@prodigy.net.mx




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Domingo 21 de febrero de 2010

21

cine FOTOS: AFP Y REUTERS

e d o s O l e a n a g i k s n a Pol n ó i c c e r i D r o j Plata por Me

polanski En abril de 1969 su esposa, la actriz Sharon Tate, con un embarazo de ocho meses, fue víctima de la banda de Charles Manson, en su casa en Los Ángeles mientras el director se encontraba en rodaje en Londres. En 1977, Samantha Gailey, de 13 años, acusó al director de haberla llevado a casa de Jack Nicholson para fotografiarla, y declaró que el cineasta le había dado bebidas alcohólicas y drogas, para posteriormente violarla.

E DPA Berlín

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Pierce Brosnan, Olivia Williams y Ewan McGragor no asistieron

Relata la historia del escritor de las memorias del primer ministro Ahpne^qj]h`aHkoãjcahaomqahha) r]oq_]okna_d]v“ajajankoqokhe) _epq``aoanfqvc]`kaj]qoaj_e]*

La premiación H]>anhej]ha`eopejcqe“_kjahKok`a Knk]h]IafknLahŽ_qh]]h]_ejp]pqn) _]>]h$Ieah%(`ah_eja]op]OaiedG]) lh]jkchq*?kj>]h(aji]n_]`]ajhko l]eo]fao`ah]_kop]`ahI]nJacnk( PqnmqŽ]oad]_a_kjahiƒteikc]) h]n`“j`ahBaoper]hEjpanj]_ekj]h`a >anhŽjlknlneian]ravaj02]’ko* H]lkŠpe_]_ejp]uoqajpanja_a`kn lnkp]ckjeop](qjje’koaie]qpeop](

_eann]jh]pnehkcŽ]`aG]lh]jkchqok) ^nah]re`]`aUqoqb(pn]o`kolnk`q_) _ekjao(qj]hh]i]`]Acc$dqark%uh] oacqj`](Iehg$ha_da%* Lknoql]npa(h]]_pnevf]lkjao] Odejk^qPan]fei]oahhar“ahKok`a Lh]p]]h]IafknEjpanlnap]_e“jBa) iajej]lknh]lahŽ_qh]]jpe^Ž^he_] ?]panlehh]n(`aGkfeS]g]i]poq(u hkonqokoCneckne@k^nucejuOancqae Lqogal]heooa]hv]nkj_kjahieoik c]h]n`“jajahnq^nki]o_qhejk lknDksEAj`a`PdeoOqiian(`a =hataeLklkcna^ogu* AhKok`aLh]p]`ahCn]jLnaiek `ahFqn]`kajaop]2,]a`e_e“j`ah _anp]iaj_ejai]pkcnƒbe_kbqa_kj) _a`e`k]h`a^qp]jpaBhknejOan^]j lknoq`n]i]fqrajeh EbES]jpPk Sdeopha(ESdeopha(_ejp]mqap]i) ^eŠjna_kce“=hbna`>]qan* Ahfqn]`kkbe_e]h(ajpna_quko ieai^nkobecqn]jh]]_pnevNajŠa Vahhsacanuahlnk`q_pknaol]’khFk) oŠI]nŽ]Ikn]hao(`a_e`e“kpknc]n ahc]h]n`“j]hiŠnepk]npŽope_k`ao) p]_]`k]L]rahGkopki]nkr$Nqoe]% lknoq`ena__e“j]npŽope_]ajDksE Aj`a`PdeoOqiian* Ieajpn]op]jpk(ahlnaiek]hIa) fknCqe“jbqal]n]S]jcMq]jÑ]j $?dej]%lknPq]jUq]j$=l]npPkca) pdan%uh]Aop]pqehh]`aLh]p]]h]Ia) fknêlan]Lnei]na_]u“ajh]oqa_] Oa^^a(`a>]^]gJ]f]be* H]_ejp]^nepƒje_k)^n]oeha’]S]opa H]j`(`aHq_uS]hgan(qj`k_qiaj) p]hok^nah]re`]`amqeajao`alaj) `aj`ahkoajkniao^]oqnanko`ah]o ]bqan]o`aNŽk`aF]jaenk(bqa`eopej) cqe`]_kjahLnaiek`ahL˜^he_k`a h]oa__e“jL]jkn]i]u_kjah`a=i) jeopŽ]Ejpanj]_ekj]h* Ahl]Žo]jbepne“j(mqa_kjp]^]_kj pnao`ah]o.,lahŽ_qh]omqa_kila) pŽ]jajh]Oa__e“jKbe_e]hu_q]pnk _klnk`q__ekjao(oamqa`“_kjh]o i]jkor]_Ž]o* Hkieoikhaoq_a`e“]h]˜je_] _ejp]ajaol]’kh`ah]iqaopn](h] ]ncajpej]Nkila_]^av]o`ah]`a) ^qp]jpaJ]p]he]Oienjkbb(laoa]h] ^qaj]]_kce`]mqapqrkajpnah]_nŽ) pe_]uahl˜^he_k*

Polanski fue acusado. Se declaró culpable del cargo menor de tener relaciones sexuales ilícitas con una menor y fue condenado a 90 días de prisión, pero le dieron un permiso de otros 90 días para terminar un proyecto. El 1° de febrero de 1978 Polanski voló a Londres y de ahí a Francia, país en el que tiene nacionalidad, evitando su extradición. Desde entonces vivió en Francia y Polonia evitando naciones que pudieran detenerlo.

Aunque hubiera podido, no habría ido, pues la última vez que acudí a un festival a recibir un premio acabé en la cárcel” Roman Polanski

En comunicado oficial

Semih Kaplanoglu, el director turco que se llevó el premio a la Mejor Película por Honey (Bal)

El 26 de septiembre del año pasado, el cineasta fue arrestado, a petición de la justicia de EU, en Zúrich, lugar al que acudió a recibir un galardón.




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Edición del 21 de Febrero 2010