Défi Francophone 1 - Chapter at a glance

Page 1

DÉFI FRANCOPHONE 1 Main Contributors to this Edition Hedwige Meyer • University of Washington Lorenzo Giachetti • University of Washington Contributors to the Canadian dossier Annye Castonguay • University of Victoria Catherine Caws • University of Victoria Marie-Claude Dansereau • University of Ottawa Sophie Le Gall • Alliance Française de Calgary

The authors and the team of Éditions Maison des Langues would like to thank the reviewers: Laurence Arrighi • Université de Moncton / Dalila Ayoun • University of Arizona / Joël Castonguay-Bélanger • The University of British Columbia / Mathilde Bégu • Colorado College / Marie-Line Brunet • Ball State University / Aurélie Chatton • Kalamazoo College / Tracy Heranic • Université Concordia / Rob Napier • Fort Worth Country Day School, Alliance Française de Dallas / Fabien Olivry • Université Concordia / Stéphanie Palisse • The University of British Columbia / Marc Olivier Reid • Wilfrid Laurier University / Anne Schaefer • Knox College / Anne Taieb • Tufts University / Ellen Thorington • Ball State University / Béatrice Vernier • Lakehead University


A LETTER FROM THE AUTHORS

CREDITS

Main Contributors to this Edition Hedwige Meyer • University of Washington Lorenzo Giachetti • University of Washington

Why DÉFI FRANCOPHONE?

Contributors to the Canadian dossier Annye Castonguay • University of Victoria Catherine Caws • University of Victoria Marie-Claude Dansereau • University of Ottawa Sophie Le Gall • Alliance Française de Calgary

DÉFI FRANCOPHONE proposes an original and motivating approach that will spark your students’ curiosity. In this program, culture is at the core of every activity, as cultural content from the Francophone world is the starting point and basis of all linguistic activities. It is through the discovery of sociocultural and multicultural aspects that students will spontaneously feel the need to acquire language tools. For this reason, the authors have selected a wide variety of original resources that truly capture the interest of students, which promotes engagement and motivation on their part.

MyFrenchHub Contributors Kirby Chazal • Boston University Layla Zami • Pratt Institute Katherine Lakin-Schultz • Boston University Caroline Mauduy • Binghamton University International Edition Authors Pascal Biras Fatiha Chahi Monique Denyer Audrey Gloanec Stéphanie Witta Geneviève Briet (capsules de phonétique) Valérie Collige-Neuenschwander (capsules de phonétique) Raphaële Fouillet (précis de grammaire)

Pedagogical Consultants Agustín Garmendia Maribel García Christian Ollivier Project Managers Audrey Avanzi, Estelle Foullon, Élodie Nicod, Laetitia Riou English Translation and Proofreaders Kristen Chapron, Cherie Mitschke French Proofreaders Martine Chen, Sarah Billecocq, Diane Carron Appendices Morgane Pellé

Director of Art and Design Miguel Gonçalves

Designers Laurianne Lopez, Antídot Gràfic, Xavier Golanó

Picture Researche and Art buyer Simon Malesan

Illustrations Daniel Jiménez, Pénélope Paicheler (110)

Cover Design Laurianne Lopez

Audio recording Blind Records

Cover Image Credit Meunierd © Dreamstime

© 2022 by Difusión, S.L. All rights reserved

Interculturality is also of the utmost importance in DÉFI FRANCOPHONE because reacting and interacting based on one’s own identity and one’s life experience is, in our opinion, the foundation of a learner’s motivation for language acquisition. Without any doubt, the challenge consisted of proposing interesting resources where language is used in context while still being accessible to elementary level students. We were able to do so using reading strategies that you will find in each chapter. In task-based language teaching, students develop learning strategies based on their existing knowledge of the world, of the genres and typology of texts, as well as on their own linguistic knowledge. These strategies help learners understand the materials and work independently, and above all, develop their proficiency. Students will enjoy discovering the texts and developing their own linguistic skills. Regarding the acquisition of the language itself, it is important to note that grammar is presented in a progressive and inductive approach: students observe the language and structures used in the texts, and construct their own grammatical competence. Vocabulary is the object of a well thought out learning process. Learners are guided to make words their own based on their personal needs and tastes. They create their own graphic organizers based on associations, they recognize the most common expressions (with special attention to variants of French in Canada throughout the chapters), and make comparisons with their native languages and culture. All these elements will assure an effective learning process in which students work both independently and in groups, and enjoy the activities whether they be micro-tasks or final tasks (les Défis) at the end of each dossier. Finally, DÉFI FRANCOPHONE takes into account the fact that students are used to looking up information online and to using mobile applications in their daily lives. We have decided to put these habits to good use to help them learn French. Therefore, we have created a complete virtual space called MyFrenchHub, which features numerous self-correcting exercises, grammar and pronunciation tutorials, videos embedded in the chapters of the textbook, and many other activities. We wish you joyful and inspirational moments in your classroom with students who will be more motivated than ever to learn French thanks to new cultural discoveries and entertaining activities.

No part of this work may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system without prior written permission from Les éditions Maisons des Langues. Student Text ISBN: 978-84-18224-88-1 Printed in the EU First Edition 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

The authors and the team of Éditions Maison des Langues  III


CHAPTERS AT A GLANCE

PREFACE

DÉFI FRANCOPHONE is an introductory level French program designed for North American colleges and universities. Its innovative design follows a task-based, content-focused approach. Its main goal is to stimulate students to build knowledge through explorative and expansive learning. The French classroom becomes a space where students develop 21st-century skills, such as collaboration, creativity, critical thinking, and communication. DÉFI FRANCOPHONE OFFERS MANY EXCITING FEATURES. D ÉFI FRANCOPHONE offers an original and modern program that places culture at the heart of language learning. The discovery of Francophone cultures and societies (cultural, multicultural realities, of everyday life...) sparks interest and spontaneously leads students to feel the need to acquire linguistic skills.  C onscious about North-American students' reality, DÉFI FRANCOPHONE offers customized content which aims to highlight the Francophone Canada.  I n DÉFI FRANCOPHONE, grammar is treated in a progressive and inductive manner: the learner reflects on the grammar points covered in the documents, then co-constructs their grammatical competence. Vocabulary is also acquired through a thoughtful process. Students are encouraged to build their lexical repertoire with new words throughout the chapter: Mon panier de lexique, words and useful expressions, frequent word combinations... It also includes variations of French in Quebec.  I n DÉFI FRANCOPHONE, interculturality occupies an important place and students are led to react and interact based on their own identity and personal experience. D ÉFI FRANCOPHONE offers a methodological approach anchored by actions: micro-tasks throughout the lesson cycle prepare learners for the Défis (tasks) at the end of each dossier.

D ÉFI FRANCOPHONE offers reading strategies that activate students’ prior knowledge of the world, of genres and types of texts, and their own linguistic knowledge. These strategies help them understand documents, work independently and, above all, develop their proficiency. D ÉFI FRANCOPHONE offers an inclusive perspective on learning. Its approach makes it accessible to all learners and appeals to multiple intelligences (visual, verbal, interpersonal, intrapersonal...). Additionally, its diverse and stimulating representations of cultural realities embraces all the identities and communities in the Francophone world —and in the students' world as well.

Page d'ouverture The introductory pages present the content that will be seen in both thematic dossiers of the chapter: aspects of culture and French-speaking society, as well as language (communication, grammar, vocabulary). Each dossier ends with a final task (Défi) adapted to the learners’ progression. The digital Défi on digital natives’ skills.

is a complementary, independent task that makes the most of

Entre 04 quatre murs Portraitrobot DOSSIER 01

SOCIETY AND CULTURE

COMMUNICATION

Types of living spaces

• Rent prices in five different Francophone cities • Home listings in France • The typical Bruxelles home • Interior decorating

• Describing housing • Speaking about different rooms in a house • Discussing rent

4

D ÉFI FRANCOPHONE is a model of authentic, student-centered design. Students make decisions and complete task-based activities that are personally relevant and that encourage them to take an active role in their own learning.

DÉFI #01 CREATE A MAP OF LIVING ARRANGEMENTS IN YOUR COUNTRY

VOCABULARY

Paris, en France Un studio de 9 à 16 m2 dans la banlieue parisienne.

D ÉFI FRANCOPHONE is suitable for the flipped classroom approach, allowing instructors to optimize class time. Students can prepare independently before the class session, reserving precious class time for communication and collaboration.

01

• Different living spaces and arrangements • Rooms in a house • Prepositions of place (1)

GRAMMAR

• Il y a / il n'y a pas de • C'est + adjective

DOSSIER 01

SOCIETY AND CULTURE

The alphabet of Paris DOSSIER 02

SOCIETY AND CULTURE

Space arrangement

• Les chambres de bonne • Arranging small spaces • Principles and rules of feng shui

• Paris and its famous places • The Paris metro and COMMUNICATION • The streets DÉFI #02 arrondissements of Paris • Discussing arrangement DRAW

and decor THE FLOOR PLAN • Discussing spaces GRAMMAR OF AN IDEAL SHARED • Describing furniture• Definite articles LIVING SPACE • Ordinal numbers / adjectives • Indicating color

COMMUNICATION

• Saying who you are • Spelling VOCABULARY

DÉFI #01 MAKE A SELF-PORTRAIT IN NUMBERS

• The alphabet • Places in cities • Numbers from 0 to 20 • E-mail adresses

GRAMMAR

• Colors • The verb pouvoir • Il faut + infinitive • The verb devoir

VOCABULARY

• Furniture and household objects • Colors and materials DOSSIER 02 AND CULTURE • Prepositions of place SOCIETY (2) The portrait of France • France and French people: some key facts • Age demographics in France • Professions historically associated with gender in France GRAMMAR

COMMUNICATION

• Presenting a country • Giving informations with numbers • Stating age • Stating profession

DÉFI #02 MAKE A PORTRAIT OF A COUNTRY

VOCABULARY DÉFI #03 NUMÉRIQUE

• The verbs avoir and être • Professions and gender

• Numbers 20 and up • Professions

IV

V DÉFI #03 NUMÉRIQUE


CHAPTERS AT A GLANCE

CHAPTERS AT A GLANCE

Two cultural dossiers per chapter follow a familiar, predictable sequence.

CONSTRUIRE ET (INTER)AGIR

CONSTRUIRE ET CRÉER

The two double-page features Construire et (inter)agir and Construire et créer are centered around authentic cultural documents that present language in context. The same headings are repeated in each dossier.

DÉCOUVRIR Découvrir, a colorful double-page feature in a magazine format, introduces students to the cultural theme of each dossier. It offers a variety of text types: articles, blogs, infographics, and so on. Texts are accompanied by comprehension activities that draw learners into the theme and introduce basic vocabulary of the chapter. The Ah bon ?! features provide additional cultural information on the theme.

TEXTE LU

CHAPITRE 4

AUDIO

TRANSCRIPTION

www.loca-bruxelles.def.be

6. Read these facts about homes in various countries. Is it the same in your country? Discuss in groups.

Écouter, comprendre et réagir

AGENCE IMMOBILIÈRE

2.

32 A couple visits one of these houses. Listen and identify which house.

3.

33 Listen and identify the rooms based on what you hear.

•  E   n France et au Japon, les toilettes et la salle de bains  sont deux pièces différentes.  •  E   n Espagne, dans certaines régions, il n'y a pas de   chauffage dans les appartements.  •  Au Cambodge,  devant les maisons, il y a un bassin d'eau.

Travailler la langue

1

Il y a is used to signal the presence of people or things. Ex. :

8. What other words referring to homes and living arrangements would you like to know in French?

Negative sentences use this format: [œʃɛ] 7 AUDIO

TRANSCRIPTION

3

Enquête : Que peut-on louer pour 500 € par mois ?

Rez-de-chaussée

PHONÉTIQUE Le e muet

RETROUVEZ L’ADAPTATION CANADA FRANCOPHONE P. 350-351

• Maison bruxelloise de 85 m2 et de deux étages avec vue sur le jardin. • Au rez-de-chaussée, il y a un salon, une salle à manger, une véranda et une cuisine. La véranda donne sur un jardin. • À l’étage, il y a trois chambres, un dressing et une salle de bains.

1. What words referring to housing do you know in French? Look up any words you don’t know in a dictionary.

J'aime

2. In your city, what is the average rent for these types of homes?

Bruxelles, en Belgique Un appartement de 30 à 45 m2 dans le centre-ville.

•  vous n'aimez pas être :

Rez-de-chaussée

Paris, en France Un studio de 9 à 16 m2 dans la banlieue parisienne.

a

5

J'aime

Ah bon ?!

Mon panier de lexique :   A personalized collection of vocabulary words and expressions students have acquired

Écouter, comprendre et réagir 31 Listen to these people’s housing experiences. Try to identify the city, type of home, and size of the place (in square meters.)

•  Cheng :

•  Igor :

•  Yasmina :

•  Salif :

Mon panier de lexique What words from the document would like to memorize? Write them down.

2

Genève, en Suisse Seule possibilité : une chambre de 25 m2 à 15 km de Genève, pour 600 € par mois.

88

31

quatre-vingt-huit

CHAPITRE 4

Yasmina

Igor

Enquête : Logements étudiants

TEXTE LU

AUDIO

TRANSCRIPTION

TEXTE LU

MA DÉC PARTAGEZ LA DÉCORATION DE VOTRE APPARTEMENT AVEC NOUS !

Avant de lire 1. What words referring to housing

ule ? Habiter seul ou en colo

cation ?

Look up any words you don’t

SL

do you know in French?

know in a dictionary.

2. In your city, what is the average rent for these types of homes?

1

2

• Un studio  : • Une chambre dans une colo cation : • Un condo  :

1 ½ à louer Libre immédiatement Studio de 320 pi2 avec cuisine tte et salle de bain complè te. Situé au premier étage, l’appartement entièrement meublé, chauffé est et éclairé. Le locataire a accès à une petite cour arrière. Appartement idéal pour étudiant ! 550$/mois

Grand 5 ½ à partager Recherche colocataire Nous cherchons un/e colocat aire pour partager un grand 5½ autres étudiantes. L’appar avec deux tement de 3 chambres à coucher est au 3e étage d’un triplex situé près de la station de métro Côte-d es-Neiges. L’appartement est semi-m eublé. Les frais mensuels (loyer, électricité, chauffage et Internet) sont divisés entre colocataires. 485$/mois par personne La colocation débute le er 1 août.

Condo à louer – 3 ½ - 6 mois Condo à louer pour une période de 6 mois, du 1er juillet au 1er janvier. La chambre à coucher est spacieuse. Il est meublé, mais non chauffé et non éclairé. Autres spécificités : stationnement inclus dans le prix et animaux de compa gnie permis. 725$/mois

2

Publié par JP STYLE CHIC

3. Read the listings. Which apartement is the most expensiv e? 4. Does something surprise you in La colocation, ce n'est pas 5. In which apartement would

c'est + adjective

To express your opinion, critique, or make a comment about something, use the masculine form of the adjective. Ex. : , , , ,

Écouter, comprendre et réagir 8.

Ex. : Il est gentil. Elle est gentille.

3

Publié par Lili STYLE ZEN

34 You are going to listen to three conversations about travel souvenirs. Write down the objects they mention as well as the adjectives used to describe them.

1.   2.

5. Match each adjective with its antonym.

cher !

you like to live? 2

for your home.

Studio de 322 pi 2 , ...

Manu : Il n’y a pas de lumière naturelle dans cette salle de bains ! C’est sombre. Désolé, je n’aime pas :-( 3 8

Clothilde : Ton salon est très zen et spacieux. C’est génial, c'est grand et calme ! Bravo, j’adore :-)

Rémi : Je ne suis pas d'accord. C'est beau !

Bouchra : Ah, cette lumière, j’adore ! Pour moi, un salon lumineux, c’est super ! 6 1

9

Écouter, comprendre et réagir 2 Listen to these people’s housing experiences. Try to identify the city, type of home, and size of the place (in square feets.)

C'est drôle ! Je ne suis pas d'accord : c'est dangereux !

C'EST + ADJECTIVE

3.

laid triste

sombre

92

2

5

2

PRODUIRE ET INTERAGIR

For students to co-construct their learning

nul

beau génial

bruyant

calme

lumineux

grand

petit

Ville : Seattle WA Coût : $ 1400 nt : Type de logeme un appartement r dans le quartie universitaire

DÉFI #01 CREATE A MAP OF LIVING ARRANGEMENTS IN YOUR COUNTRY

You're going to present what type of housing is available for a predetermined amount of money on a map of your state or country.

Superficie : ( 55 m2 595 Sq Ft) Description : e Il y a une chambr avec une petite cuisine et un grand

DÉFI

salon.

At the end of the dossier: a task requiring students to combine all of the linguistic and cultural elements

Seattle

As a class, determine a set  amount (or a range) for  monthly rent.

J'aimerais habiter dans le condo parce qu'il est grand.

7.

4. Complete the chart using the comments as a reference.

joyeux

REGARDER, COMPRENDRE ET RÉAGIR

7. Find an image of an odd object or a strange place on the internet. Show the photo to your classmates. They will react and comment.

Travailler la langue

! To give your opinion about someone, use:

Martine : Pour moi, il y a trop de couleurs. Dans une chambre d’enfant, d’accord, mais pas dans une chambre d’adulte ! 5 2

For students to listen to and comprehend an audio recording related to the text

Videos with educational resources available on

La place Rouge ? J'aime bien parce que c'est beau, c'est grand, c'est impressionnant...

il / elle est + adjective

the listings?

6. Read Ah bon ?! section and write a listing

Look at the title and captions.

Je suis d'accord avec Bouchra, le salon est lumineux !

Adèle : Moi, j'aime beaucoup. C'est coloré et joyeux. 3 1

Lire, comprendre et réagir

DOSSIER 1 | CONSTRUIRE ET CRÉER Produire et interagir

3. Do you agree with any of these comments?

1

91

6. Name places or monuments in your city or state. Your classmate will give their opinion using C'est + adjective.

2. Read each comment and determine whether it is positive or negative.

PA R T A G E D'IDÉES DÉCO

[œʃɛ] 7

3

TRANSCRIPTION

1. Observe the photos. Which is your favorite room? SL

DOSSIER 1 | DÉCOUVRIR

AUDIO

Lire, comprendre et réagir

MA DECO

PHONÉTIQUE Le e muet

sur

quatre-vingt-onze

ET CHEZ VOUS, C'EST COMMENT ? 89

sous P. 105 — EXERCICE 6

CHAPITRE 4

Salif

quatre-vingt-neuf

ÉCOUTER, COMPRENDRE ET RÉAGIR

+ Plus d'images

http://www.madeco.def

For students to discover grammar and vocabulary the inductive way

au fond (de)

quatre-vingt-dix

Publié par Cléo STYLE MODERNE

Quelle est la meilleure form

At the end of the book, there is a dossier containing 8 additional Découvrir features adapted culturally for Francophone Canada.

90

derrière

+

Témoignages

Cheng

devant

Note that the floor system is different in France. Le premier étage corresponds to the second floor in the USA. So what is the first floor? It is le rez-de-chaussée!

Joli F2 de 50 m2. 2 ch., ...

8.

Dans la maison de mes rêves, il y a un salon, six chambres de luxe avec six salles de bains. Il y a aussi une grande piscine. Il y a une salle de cinéma pour regarder des films.

Premier étage

• Maison bruxelloise de 85 m2 et de deux étages. • Au rez-de-chaussée , il y a un salon, une salle à manger, une cuisine et une petite salle de bains. • À l’étage, il y a trois chambres, un bureau et une grande salle de bains.

7. Read the Ah bon ?! section below and write a listing for your home.

Des étudiants parlent de leur logement.

à côté (de)

11. Present the house of your dreams to a classmate.

4. Where can you rent the largest place for 500 euros? Which type of home is it?

J'aimerais habiter à Pontivy parce que la maison est grande.

Pontivy, en France Une maison de 100 m2 de deux étages, avec un garage et un jardin.

à droite (de)

Je passe beaucoup de temps dans la cuisine parce que j'adore cuisiner.

À Bruxelles, ce n'est pas cher !

In French ads, an F2 (or T2) is an apartment with a kitchen and a bathroom + two rooms (generally a bedroom and a living room). CC = charges comprises (utilities are included) ch. = chambre (bedroom) sdb = salle de bains (bathroom) One square meter (1 m2) is the equivalent of about 10.5 square feet. A 45 square-meter (45 m2) apartment is about 485 square feet.

TRAVAILLER LA LANGUE

•  vous aimez être :

à gauche (de)

6. In which city would you like to live?

Joli F2 de 43 m2. 1 salon, 1 ch. et 1 sdb. 500€/mois CC.

C'est un appartement de 75 m2. Dans l'entrée, à droite, il y a la cuisine... 10. In groups, talk about your home. In which room…

2

5. Does something surprise you in the document?

+

La chambre est à côté du bureau...

PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE (1)

3. Read the document. Which city is the most expensive?

4

Montréal, Québec, Canada Un studio de 28 à 44 m2, dans le centre-ville.

9. Describe your home to a classmate (number of rooms, room arrangements, size). Your classmate will draw a map of your home and you will need to check it.

•  vous passez peu de temps :

Lire, comprendre et réagir

1

Ah bon ?!

+ Plus d'images

5. Pick one of the floor plans. Write as many sentences as you can, using the words from the illustrations below.

•  vous passez beaucoup de temps :

•  Un studio  :  •  Un appartement de 60 m2  :  •  Une maison  :

Vous voulez étudier dans un pays francophone, mais vous ne savez pas où ? Voici les logements que vous pouvez louer pour 500 euros par mois.

Comment on dit « hall » en français ?

P. 105 — EXERCICE 8

DOSSIER 1 | DÉCOUVRIR

Avant de lire SL

il n'y a pas de + noun Ex. : Il n'y a pas de véranda dans la deuxième maison.

Premier étage

For students to discover grammar and vocabulary the inductive way

Alex, au fond de la salle. Marc, devant Monica...

il y a + article or number + noun

TEXTE LU

LIRE, COMPRENDRE ET RÉAGIR

7. The class is going to split into two groups for a group photo competition. Using prepositions of place, a student from each group will give directions to the rest of their group to compose the best photo.

4. Look at the Loca Bruxelles website and complete the chart. IL Y A / IL N'Y A PAS DE

CHAPITRE 4

Pre-reading activities prepare students to approach a text

Produire et interagir

1. Observe the floorplans and read the ads. Can you name the various rooms? Write them down.

LOCA BRUXELLES

AVANT DE LIRE

DOSSIER 1 | CONSTRUIRE ET (INTER)AGIR

Lire, comprendre et réagir

New-York Denver

On the map of your state  or country, write down  the main cities or areas. The class is now going to  be divided into several  groups. Each group will  research a city or an area. Put together your results.  Display the descriptions  of the types of housing   on the map.

Ville : Denver, CO Coût : $ 1500 Type de logement : un appartement près du centre-ville

quatre-vingt-douze

Superficie : 2 100 m (100 Sq Ft) Description : Il y a trois chambres avec salle de bains privée.

NY Ville : New-York, Coût : $ 2000 nt : Type de logeme un studio dans le cœur de Manhattan.

Superficie :  Ft) 2 30 m (320 Sq Description :  Il n'y a pas d'espace, c'est sombre et petit.

quatre-vingt-treize

93

• Rosalie : • Aidan : • Felix : Mon panier de lexique What words from the docume nt would like to memorize? Write them down.

Ah bon ?!

VI

In Quebec, the size of a living space is determined by the number of rooms, and not by surface area. In small apartme nts, the kitchen and dining room are often combined. The bathroom is considered to be a ½ room. éclairé / non-éclairé: cost of electricit y is included / not included in the price chauffé / non-chauffé: cost of heating is included / not included in the price 1½ 2½ 3½ 4½ • one room (studio) • one bedroom • one bedroom • two bedrooms with kitchenette • one living room/ • one living room • one living room • one bathroom one combined • one kitchen/ • one kitchen/ kitchen/dining dining room dining room room • one bathroom • one bathroom • one bathroom

+

SL

Stratégies de lecture : Reading

strategy built into the activity to develop comprehension skills

[œʃɛ] 5

Capsules de phonétique : Videos to help understand phonetics can be found on

PHONÉTIQUE

VII 2

Témoignages Des étudiants


CHAPTERS AT A GLANCE contre dans le coin

Ex. :  In negative sentences, place pas between the verb devoir and the infinitive. Ex. : Vous ne devez pas mettre le canapé devant la fenêtre.

en face de

P. 105 — EXERCICE 9

Produire et interagir

TRAVAILLER LA LANGUE entre… (et)… près de

TEXTE LU

AUDIO

TRANSCRIPTION

DOSSIER 1 | CONSTRUIRE ET CRÉER

7. Observe this photo. In small groups, find the objects Lire, comprendre et réagir and the furniture that were not placed according to the principles of feng shui. 1. Observe the photos. Which is your favorite room? SL

loin de

Produire et interagir 6. Name places or monuments in your city or state. Your classmate will give their opinion using C'est + adjective.

RESSOURCES LEXICALES ET GRAMMATICALES

Look at the title and captions.

La plante est bien placée ? Oui,2. parce que les plantes doivent être dans les coins. it is positive Read each comment and determine whether

language development. In Travailler la , particular attention is paid to FRANCOPHONE In DÉFI P. 105 — EXERCICE 6 or negative. and therefore to co-construct their naturally on grammar led totoreflect areaccording students langue, 4. Is your home furnished the feng shui 3. Do you agree with any of these comments? principles? grammatical competence. A reflective and a co-constructive approach to grammar, always based Je suis d'accord avec Bouchra, le salon est TEXTE LU AUDIO TRANSCRIPTION concepts parce que monintroduces canapé n'est pas contre un mur. in an inductive manner. presented, on textsNon, lumineux ! DOSSIER 1 | CONSTRUIRE ET (INTER)AGIR 7. Travailler la langue Lire, comprendre et réagir

Produire et interagir Travailler la langue 5. Look at the1.article and the complete the chart. Observe floorplans and read the ads. Can you name 6. Read these facts about homes in various countries. Is it the 4. Complete the chart using the comments as a reference. the various rooms? Write them down. same in your country? Discuss in groups. IL FAUT + INFINITIVE 8. In small groups, choose from the adjectives below and C'EST + ADJECTIVE offer three pieces of advice to live in a place that’s... il faut + infinitive is used to express obligation and necessity. Écouter, comprendre et réagir c'est + adjective •   En France et au Japon, les toilettes et la salle de bains  Ex. : Il faut mettre les plantes dans les coins de la pièce. Tosont deu express x pièces d your opinion, critique, or make calme accueillant coloré lumineux ... a comment ifférentes . 2. 32 A couple visits one of these houses. Listen and Ex. : about something, use the masculine form of the adjective. identify which house.  •   E:n Espagn Ex. , e, dans ce , rtaines ré , avoir'y a pas de   In the negative, pas is placed between il faut and the Pour avoir un logement calme, il ne, fautgions, il n pas chauffage dans les appartements. infinitive. de télévision… 3. 33 Listen and identify the rooms based on ! To give your opinion about someone, use: Ex. : Il ne faut pas placer le bureau en face d'un mur.  •  Au Cambodge,  devant les maisons, il y a un bassin d'eau. what you hear.

contains linguistic information and explanations with meaningful examples pertaining to the key themes developed in the chapter. This section is enhanced by images, graphics and pictures to Find an image of an odd object or a strange place on the internet. Show supplement descriptions and definitions that otherwise could be dry and the photo to your classmates. They intimidating. will react and comment. C'est drôle ! Je ne suis pas d'accord : c'est dangereux !

Écouter, comprendre et réagir 8.

Put together your results.  Dans la maison de mes rêves, il y a un salon, six chambres de luxe avec sixDisplay the descriptions  salles de bains. Il y a aussi une grande piscine.of the types of housing   Il y a une salle de cinéma pour regarder deson the map. films. devant

derrière

Subject

Verb

Je

peux

The negative form of Il y a (there isn’t / there aren’t) must include the preposition de before the noun.

Tu

Ex. : En Espagne, dans certaines régions, il n’y a pas de chauffage dans les appartements.

C'est + adjective

au fond (de)

pouvez

Ils / Elles

peuvent

PAGE 93

Ex. : À Pontivy, on peut louer une maison pour 500 euros par mois.

Ex. : Les chambres de bonne ? C’est génial mais c’est trop petit pour deux personnes !

Ex. : À Paris, on ne peut pas louer une maison pour 500 euros par mois. REMEMBER! Notice how the negation ne... pas is formed around the conjugated verb.

Ex. : Vous pouvez inviter des amis, mais vous ne pouvez pas être bruyants.

Colors

Colors are adjectives, and like other adjectives, they generally agree in gender and number with the noun they describe. Generally, the feminine is formed by adding an -e to the masculine form and the plural is formed by adding an -s to the singular form. Singular Masculine Feminine (+e)

Ex. : Il faut trouver un appartement.

Plural (+s)

Un meuble noir Un mur vert

Des meubles noirs

Une chaise noire

Des chaises noires

Une pièce verte

Des pièces vertes

P. 105 — EXERCICE 6

91

PAGE 99

Ex. : Il faut mettre les plantes dans les coins de la pièce. REMEMBER! Notice how the negation ne... pas is formed around the conjugated verb.

Des murs verts

Ex. : Il ne faut pas mettre le lit sous la fenêtre.

There are, however, some notable exceptions for certain adjective endings. Masculine ending

Subject

Verb

Je

dois

rouge jaune

Tu

rose mauve

doit

Nous

devons

Vous

devez

Ils / Elles

doivent

violette

blanche Superficie : blanc ( Singular adjectives ending in -s or -x do not change in the plural. 55 m2 595 Sq Ft) Ex. : un appartement gris, des appartements gris  : DescriptEx.ion : un fauteuil bordeaux, des fauteuils bordeaux reand orange are invariable. mb Marron Il y a uneEx.! cha : La table est marron. titlesemurs orange. : Je déteste avec uneEx.pe Compound ndadjectives describing color are also invariable. cuisine et un gra

dois

Il / Elle / On

fauve

Ville : Seattle WA Coût : $ 1400 t: Type de logemen un appartement r dans le quar tie universitaire

PAGE 99

The verb devoir (to need to or must) expresses necessity and obligation.

Feminine ending

violet

• Like pouvoir, it is a modal verb, meaning it is generally followed by another verb in the infinitive.

REMEMBER!

Ex. : D'après les règles du feng shui, les plantes doivent être dans les coins. REMEMBER! Notice how the negation ne... pas is formed around the conjugated verb.

Ex. : L’appartement doit avoir des couleurs claires. Il ne doit pas être sombre.

CAREFUL!

• Like il faut, the verb devoir expresses necessity and obligation, but il faut is impersonal and devoir is not. Ex. : Je dois ranger ma chambre (devoir - personal)

I need to tidy up my room.

Ex. : Il faut ranger sa chambre (il faut - impersonal)

One must tidy up one’s room.

REMEMBER!

salon.

Ex. : une chaise verte / une chaise vert-clair

Ex. : une pièce bleue / une pièce bleu-foncé

100

cent

cent un

Vocabulaire de la maison l’appartement la bibliothèque le bureau la chambre le chauffage le couloir la cuisine québec la cuisinette le dressing québec le walk-in l’escalier l’étage la fenêtre le garage le jardin québec la cour arrière la maison

Description : Il y a trois chambres avec salle de bains privée.

le canapé québec le divan la chaise la cuisinière la douche le fauteuil le réfrigérateur (le frigo) le lave-vaisselle le lit le meuble la table basse

Mes mots

House vocabulary le mur la pièce la piscine le placard québec le garde-robe le rez-de-chaussée québec le premier étage la salle à manger québec la salle à diner la salle de bains québec la salle de bain le salon les toilettes québec la toilette le toit la véranda

apartment, condominium library office bedroom heating hallway

New-York

kitchen walk-in closet stairs floor (as in second, third floor) window garage garden

Les petites annonces

Furniture and objects

la chambre de bonne le locataire la location le loyer le logement la lumière le montant la petite annonce le plan le prix le prix moyen toutes charges comprises la vue

couch chair stove shower armchair refrigerator dishwasher bed furniture coffee table

rk, NY Ville : New-Yo 2000Colors $ couleurs Coût : Les blanc, blanche t: logemenwhite bleu/e blue Type de jaune yellow dio dans brown marron un stu noir/e black le cœur de Les prépositions de localisation Manhattan.

à gauche de to the left of

cent deux

wall room (in a house) pool closet ground/first floor

Superficie :  Ft) 2 30 m (320 Sq   Description : orange rose Il n'y a pasrouge vert/e d'espace, violet/te mbre c'est ofso Prepositions place et petit.

à droite de to the right of

au fond de at the back of, at the bottom of

en face de facing

entre between

loin de far from

My words

Verbes de base

Basic verbs

aménager cuisiner devoir dormir étudier favoriser louer mettre monter sur partager payer placer pouvoir ranger s’asseoir savoir se reposer servir à suivre vivre vouloir

to arrange to cook to have to, must to sleep to study to promote/to favor to rent to put, place to climb up to share to pay to place to be able to to tidy up, put things away to sit down to know to rest to be used for to follow to live to want

Les langues

dining room bathroom living room bathroom roof sun room

house

Les meubles et les objets

Superficie : 2 100 m (100 Sq Ft)

101

RESSOURCES LEXICALES

CHAPITRE 4

Denver

Ressources grammaticales : Explanations and tables that describe morphology, as well as syntactic structures, are presented here. Remember and Careful icons point out particular cases or exceptions to grammar rules.

Il faut is derived from the impersonal verb falloir, which is only conjugated in the third-person singular. Since it is used in many idiomatic expressions, il faut is difficult to translate directly, but can be understood as “one must” or “it is necessary to.” Like the modal verbs pouvoir and devoir, il faut is generally followed by another verb in the infinitive:

The verb devoir

derrière behind

sur

Il faut + infinitive

PAGE 97

à côté de next to

quatre-vingt-onze

Vous

Pouvoir is a modal verb, meaning it is generally followed by another verb in the infinitive.

102

VIII

pouvons

Ex. : La place Rouge ? J'aime bien parce que c'est beau, c'est grand, c'est impressionnant.

quatre-vingt-treize

sous

peut

Nous

C’est + a masculine adjective is used to make a general judgment, or to express appreciation or criticism about something.

! CAREFUL! To express an opinion about someone, use il/elle est + adjective.

Ville : Denver, CO Coût : $ 1500 Type de logement : un appartement près du centre-ville

peux

Il / Elle / On

! CAREFUL! When spoken in colloquial language, we can hear "ya" [ja] for il y a and "y'a pas" [japa] for il n'y a pas.

Ex. : Elle est intelligente, il est sympathique, ils sont gentils

The class is now going to  Je passe beaucoup de temps dans la be divided into several  cuisine parce que j'adore cuisiner. groups. Each group will  research a city or an area. 11. Present the house of your dreams to a classmate.

PAGE 97

The verb pouvoir (to be able to) expresses ability and possibility.

Ex. : Il y a vingt étudiants dans la classe.

You are going to listen to three conversations about travel souvenirs. Write down the objects they mention as well as the adjectives used to describe them. 34

LES CAPSULES DE PHONÉTIQUE

à côté (de)

The verb pouvoir

PAGE 91

Ex. : Dans la salle de bains, il n’y a pas d'eau chaude.

Ma Ex. : Ilcouleur est gentil. Elle: est gentille. préférée le jaune

à droite (de)

Il y a / Il n'y a pas de

Ex. : Dans la cuisine, il y a un frigo.

1.   Mes meubles indispensables : un fauteuil, une table Travailler la langue 7. The class is going to split into two groups for a group photo DÉFI #02 You are going to draw the floor plan of an ideal 2.   Je neeach peux adjective pas vivre sans : mon chatof place, a student from 5. Match with its antonym. competition. Using prepositions 4. Look at the Loca Bruxelles andyou complete the chart. DRAW THE FLOOR PLAN shared livingwebsite space and will present it Chez moi, j'adore : écouter de la musique très fort 3.   each group will give directions OF AN IDEAL SHARED joyeux laid to the rest of their group to to the class. IL Y A / IL N'Y A PAS DE compose the best photo. LIVING SPACE Create and fill out a form based on the one provided. sombre triste Il y a is used to signal the presence of people or things. Alex, au fond de la salle. Marc, devant Monica... nul beau il y a + article or Share your tastes with your group, and see what you  number + noun have in common and what your differences are. Ex. : bruyant génial 8. What other words referring to homes and living Furnish and arrange the rooms to satisfy each  Negative sentences use this format: arrangements would you lumineux like to know in French? calme member of your group. il n'y a pas de + noun grand Comment on dit « hall »petit en français ? Ex. : Il n'y a pasDraw the final floor plan of your apartment and  de véranda dans la deuxième maison. share it with the class. P. 105 — EXERCICE 8 9. Describe your home to a classmate (number of rooms, 5. Pick one of the floor plans. Write as many sentences as you room arrangements, size). Your classmate will draw a map DÉFI #01 to present what can, using the words from the illustrations below. of your home and you willYou're need going to check it.99 quatre-vingt-dix-neuf CREATE A MAP OF type of housing is available 2 La chambre est à côté du bureau... LIVINGC'est ARRANGEMENTS un appartement defor 75ampredetermined . Dans l'entrée, Seattle IN YOURà droite, COUNTRY il y a la cuisine...amount of money on a map of your state or country. PREPOSITIONS OF PLACE (1) 10. In groups, talk about your home. In which room… As a class, determine a set  Each chapter includes two Capsules de phonétique. They are• videos that helpamount (or a range) for  vous passez beaucoup de temps  :    monthly rent. [œʃɛ] 2 students understand phonetics and develop correct pronunciation. Topics :    •  vous passez peu de temps  PHONÉTIQUE La liaison obiigatoire vous aimez être  covered are related to the grammar and vocabulary seen in • the chapter.:    On the map of your state  or country, write down  •  vous n'aimez pas être :   the main cities or areas.   à gauche (de)

RESSOURCES GRAMMATICALES

CHAPITRE 4

The invariable expression il y a means there is or there are. Il y a is commonly used to point out the presence or the absence of someone or something.

il /Ma elle est +préférée adjective pièce : la cuisine

P. 105 — EXERCICE 9

La place Rouge ? J'aime bien parce que c'est beau, c'est grand, This section c'est impressionnant...

Listings garret, attic studio tenant rental rent housing light amount home listing map/floor plan price average price all utilities included view

Languages

Adjectifs

Mes mots

l’anglais English

Verbes de base

Habiter dans

dans le coin in the corner

93 près de close to

sur on top of

acheter adorer aimer aller chanter connaître coûter créer danser détester discuter québec (fam.) jaser écouter faire

devant in front of

sous under /underneath

It also includes variations of French Vocabulaire de la maison House vocabulary in Quebec. We have indicated l’appartement apartment, condominium whether the words are familiar, la bibliothèque library le français l’italien le portugais colloquial language (Fam.) or terms le néerla office French le bureau Italian Portuguese Dutc that are commonly used in both la chambre bedroom le chauffage heating Canada and France (Courant).

to have room it is used for more and more down up approximately easily to save some space I agree I don’t agree better to spend time to clean up your belongings without often too much/many only one

l’espagnol Spanish

My words

Combinaisons fréquentes

contre against

avoir de la place ça sert à (+ infinitive) de plus en plus en bas en haut environ facilement gagner de la place je suis d’accord je ne suis pas d’accord mieux passer du temps ranger ses affaires sans souvent trop un/une seul/e

welcoming, inviting beautiful good noisy calm colorful dangerous last sorry funny dark awesome, great nice, kind big impressive joyful

l’allemand German

ugly bright natural terrible occupied/busy small placed folding convenient dark spacious sad calm, peaceful

Autres mots et expressions utiles Other words and useful expressions

Adjectives

accueillant/e beau, belle bon/ne bruyant/e calme coloré/e dangereux(euse) dernier/ière désolé/e drôle foncé/e génial/e gentil/e grand/e impressionnant/e joyeux, joyeuse

orange pink red green purple

laid/e lumineux(euse) naturel/le nul, nulle occupé/e petit/e placé/e pliant/e pratique sombre spacieux(euse) triste zen (c’est zen)

Habiter

Basic verbs

Frequent word combinations

un appartement      une maison

Habiter

en banlieue      en ville

une chambre      un studio      le centre-ville

to buy to adore, love to like, love to go to sing to know to cost to create to dance to hate Habiter

à 15 km de Genève       à Tokyo      en Bretagne

Habiter au

à la campagne     avec mes parents      avec des amis      seul/e      en colocation

6e étage

to discuss to listen to do

cent trois

Ressources lexicales : These two pages present the vocabulary of the chapter,RESSOURCES which LEX are organized logically and visually, and to highlight frequent word CHAPITRE 4 and expressions. combinations

103

le couloir hallway la cuisine kitchen Adjectifs Adjectives québec la cuisinette le dressing autre other walk-in closet québec le walk-in beau/belle beautiful l’escalier stairs blanc(he) white l’étage floor (as in second, third fl cher(ère) la fenêtre windowexpensive québec (fam.) dispendieux le garage garage (courant ) coûteux le jardin coloré/e colorful garden québec la cour arrière drôle funny la maison house génial/e awesome québec (courant) super Les meubles et les objets Furniture and objects grand/e big, large  IX gratuit/e free le canapé heureux(euse) happy couch québec le divan luxueux(euse) luxurious la chaise chair


MYFRENCHHUB

CHAPTERS AT A GLANCE

LEXIQUE ET GRAMMAIRE EN ACTION These pages offer exercises to strengthen and deepen language skills through systematic vocabulary and grammar practice.

AUDIO

CHAPITRE 4 Housing

LEXIQUE ET GRAMMAIRE EN ACTION

House furniture and objects

1. Complete le logement word map with words you consider useful. Feel free to add branches to the tree if necessary.

le bureau

TRANSCRIPTION

violet

une armoire

l'entrée

5.

Il y a / Il n'y a pas

Listen and circle the furniture and objects that you hear. 36

8. Look at the two pictures and describe what is or isn't in each room. Then compare the rooms to your own kitchen and living room.

.

rose

les toilettes

It is designed with a clear purpose in mind: to improve teaching and learning experiences in higher education environments with engaging content and helpful, user-friendly tools. It offers easy access to a vast array of material in different formats to help students better grasp and practice concepts, build their skills, develop cultural insights, and meet learning objectives. These resources include online homework, grammar and pronunciation tutorials, and assessments materials.

une étagère

orange

Dans la cuisine, il n'y a pas de…. Prepositions of place 6. Observe the floor plan. What room corresponds to each sentence? Fenêtre

un ascenseur

Fenêtre

Bureau

Fenêtre

Types of housing and rooms in a house

la chambre

le salon

la salle de bains

le bureau la salle à manger

4. Imagine you are selling this house. Write a detailed listing. Use your imagination!

WC

Magnifique maison de deux étages, très lumineuse...

It features the following components:

Entrée

Salle de bains

a. Elle est en face de l’entrée : b. Il est entre le bureau et la cuisine : c. Il est à gauche du salon : d. Elle est à droite des W.C. : e. Elle est au fond de l’appartement, à gauche :

la cuisine a. C’est la pièce pour cuisiner : b. C’est la pièce pour se laver : c. C’est la pièce pour manger : d. C’est la pièce pour dormir : e. C’est la pièce pour regarder la TV : f. Ça sert à passer d’une pièce à l’autre : g. Ça sert à monter au premier étage : h. C’est la pièce pour travailler : 3. In your city, what type of housing can you have for $800 a month? Write a description.

Placard Couloir

Adjectives to describe a house

2. Match each label with its definition.

le couloir

Chambre

Cuisine

Salon

Placard

de jardin

accueillant

Fenêtre

Placard

calme

l'escalier

9. What is important for you in a housing situation? Write it down.

Adverbs of quantity 7. Complete these sentences to describe your home or your workplace.

Mes critères pour choisir un logement

a. Il n'y a pas assez de / d' b. Il y a trop de / d' c. est trop d. sont trop

Description du lieu

Toutes les chambres doivent avoir une fenêtre. L'appartement doit avoir des couleurs claires.

CHAPITRE 4 Colors cent quatre

Synthesis

10. Answer the quiz. L

LES GOÛTS ET LES COULEURS, ÇA NE SE DISCUTE PAS 1

À quelle couleur associez-vous les mots suivants ? • le dimanche • l'amitié • le métro • un téléphone • un frigo • les vacances Pour moi, le dimanche, c’est noir ou marron, parce que…

11. What is your home like? Write a description for each of the categories in the chart. Mon logement Superficie 2 en m Étage Ascenseur Prix Avis positif ou négatif ? 12. Translate these expressions into English. Are the structures similar between English and French? • Mon appartement fait 50 m2. • J’habite dans un appartement de 50 m2. • Tu paies combien de loyer ? • Mon loyer est de 450 €. • Comment c’est chez toi ? • Chez moi, c’est beau

Quelles sont les associations de couleurs 2 qui vont bien ensemble dans un logement ? Je pense que le blanc va bien avec tout. Pour moi, le beige et le marron vont bien ensemble. C’est agréable dans un salon.

X

Quelles couleurs vous n'aimez pas 3 dans certaines pièces ? • une salle de bains • un salon • une cuisine Je n'aime pas les salles de bains noires.

• Chez moi, il y a de la place. • Chez moi, il n’y a pas d’ascenseur. • Chez moi, j’ai un grand canapé. • On va chez moi ?

 Interactive textbook

 Grammar and Verb Tables

 Interactive activities

 Grammar Tutorials

 Enriched eText

 Capsule de phonétique

 Digital AIE

 Assessment Materials

Il faut / Devoir / Pouvoir + inifnitive

Dans ma ville, pour 800 $/mois, on peut louer un superbe appartement de 150 m2 avec cinq chambres…

104

MYFRENCHHUB is a platform offering digital content and resources for students and instructors who work with DÉFI FRANCOPHONE 1.

cent cinq

105

 INTERACTIVE TEXTBOOK The Interactive Textbook is a full html version of the textbook which can be used to complement the hardcopy version or used instead of the hard copy (both in faceto-face and online classes). The Interactive Textbook offers in-class and out-of-class content and activities. It is browser-friendly with size-adaptable pages and a format that functions on any desktop or tablet. It also offers a wide variety of resources making it more flexible than a classic printed textbook. In individual activities, students may write directly in the writing fields or, when more space is needed, they can attach files. There are note-taking options which may be used and corrected in class.


QUICK GUIDE TO DEFI FRANCOPHONE ICONS

MYFRENCHHUB

 INTERACTIVE ACTIVITIES A modern and interactive version of a classic SAM (Student's Activities Manual), students will be able to practice and expand upon the skills introduced in the textbook. Most exercises are auto-corrected, particularly those with the main objective of learning and reviewing grammar, vocabulary, listening comprehension, phonetics, and culture. It also includes writing activities and pronunciation practice which students may send to their instructors for feedback.

DÉFI FRANCOPHONE icons  SL    Stratégie de lecture Reading strategy used in the activity

Examples of langage used in oral activities

Examples of langage used in writing activities

This icon at the top of the pages highlights the digital content and resources available on MyFrenchHub

TEXTE LU

Panier de lexique

A personalized collection of vocabulary words and expressions students have acquired

Ah bon ?!

This icon indicates that the text has 2 audio versions on MyFrenchHub. Each one is narrated by different native speaker from France and Quebec.

AUDIO

This icon indicates that the audio recording is on MyFrenchHub

VIDÉO

This icon indicates that the video is viewable on MyFrenchHub

Cultural information related to the theme

Audio and video transcripts TRANSCRIPTION

Grammar

 VIDEO

REMEMBER! an important point

Each chapter includes a video with culturally meaningful content and thought-provoking themes. Students have the access to the script and subtitles to accompany each video.

! CAREFUL! a particular rule or exception

PHONÉTIQUE La liaison obligatoire

Les chambres de bonne à Paris

Resources  Audio

 OTHER RESOURCES • Videos and their scripts • Audios and their scripts • Texte lu audio text narrated by native speakers from France and Quebec • Interactive quizzes for each chapter • Test for each chapter

XII

• French-English and English-French Glossaries • Maps: France, Europe and the francophone world • Rubrics • And much more!

[œʃɛ] 5

This icon indicates the capsule phonétique linked to the page and its title

Vidéo

Grammar Tutorial TUTORIEL

XIII


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

COURSE PLANNING

Courses

Reviewers

in a wide variety of academic situations. The following charts illustrate how Défi Francophone can be used on two-semester, three-quarter, and four-quarter courses.

TWO-SEMESTER SYLLABUS FIRST SEMESTER

SECOND SEMESTER

Chapters 1-8

Chapters 9-16

THREE-QUARTER SYLLABUS FIRST QUARTER

SECOND QUARTER

THIRD QUARTER

Chapters 1-5

Chapters 6-10

Chapters 11-16

FOUR-QUARTER SYLLABUS FIRST QUARTER

SECOND QUARTER

THIRD QUARTER

FOURTH QUARTER

Chapters 1-4

Chapters 5-8

Chapters 9-12

Chapters 13-16

LAURENCE ARRIGHI Université de Moncton, Nouveau-Brunswick

FABIEN OLIVRY Université Concordia, Montréal, Québec

DALILA AYOUN University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona

STÉPHANIE PALISSE The University of British Columbia, Vancouver

JOËL CASTONGUAY-BÉLANGER The University of British Columbia, Vancouver

MARC OLIVIER REID Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario

MATHILDE BÉGU Colorado College, Colorado Springs, Colorado

ANNE SCHAEFER Knox College, Galesburg, Illinois

MARIE-LINE BRUNET Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana

ANNE TAIEB Tufts University, Medford and Somerville, Massachusetts

AURÉLIE CHATTON Kalamazoo College, Kalamazoo, Michigan

ELLEN THORINGTON Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana

TRACY HERANIC Université Concordia, Montréal, Québec

BÉATRICE VERNIER Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, Ontario

ROB NAPIER Fort Worth Country Day School / Alliance Française de Dallas, Texas

XIV

XV