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Former Sheffield Lib Dem Switches To Labour arms – Paul Blomfield MP attended a gathering to gladly receive the former Lib Dem Councillor and was joined by Nether Edge Labour Councillors Nikki Bond and Qurban Hussain, plus Councillor Mahroof who lives in Nether Edge and local activists Nasima Akther and Mr Basheer Khan.

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Ali Qadar said: "I was a Liberal Democrats Councillor for 16 years but the party I was a member of no longer reflects my political views.

Front row: Nasima Akhter - Ali Qadar - Paul Blomfield MP - Cllr Nikki Bond. Back row: Mr Basheer Khan - Cllr Mahroof Hussain - Cllr Qurban Hussain.

Ali Qadar was the Lib Dems Councillor for Nether Edge ward for 16 years before he stood down at the elections in May 2012 and has previously stood as the Lib Dems Parliamentary candidate for Sheffield Central in 1997, 2001 and 2005.

Chartered Accountant by profession, has now joined the Labour Party because he is unhappy with the policies of the Coalition Government particularly on tuition fees, the increase in VAT, and the size and speed of public spending cuts.

ILM AWARDS 2014; • The Voice Of The Muslim World - Lord Nazir Ahmed, • Best Representative Of Consulate Bradford • Mr Hafiz Umar, • Best Services To The Community And PMC Sheffield - Ch Muhammad Ali, • Best Businessman Of Sheffield - Ch Sajid Hussain, • First Pakistani Labour Cabinet Member Sheffield City Council - Cllr Mazhar Iqbal, • Best Pakistani Journalist Sheffield - Mirza Shafqat, • Best Personality - Saeed Ahmed Sayed, • First Pakistani Labour Deputy Leader Rotherham - Cllr Jahangir Akhtar, • First Pakistani Lib Dem Opposition Leader Sheffield - Shafaq Muhammad

People in Nether Edge and across Sheffield are feeling the adverse financial effects of the Coalition Government who are forcing huge cuts on public services in Sheffield whilst some of the wealthiest parts of the country receive almost no cuts at all. I am delighted to be joining Labour as they work to protect Sheffield from the unfair deal that the Government is giving Sheffield.”

Ali Qadar was welcomed to However Mr Qadar, who is a the Labour Party with open Nasima Akther

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The new national figures show South Yorkshire has the fifth highest general crime rate in the country. There were 69 offences recorded in the force area per 1,000 residents last year, a figure only higher in Humberside, Cleveland, West Yorkshire and London. Greater Manchester Police recorded 66 crimes per 1,000 residents, while in the West Midlands, which serves Birmingham, the rate was 63. The Office of National Statistics data showed sexual offences went up 26 per cent. The police and Sheffield’s Rape Crisis centre manager said more people were coming forward due to the ‘Jimmy Savile effect’ and a spate of other high-profile sex cases. The total number of crimes dropped by 3,117, or 3 per cent, to 93,209 between October 2012 and September 2013. Deputy Chief Constable Andy Holt, of South Yorkshire Police, said Sheffield was still one of the

safest cities in the country. The crime figures showed robbery rose 27 per cent and violent crime was up 1 per cent in South Yorkshire. Thefts fell 1 per cent, drugs offences, theft of motor vehicles and possession of weapons were down 11 per cent, while criminal damage and arson fell by 9 per cent. Reductions in burglary and vehicle crime were among the ‘best in the country’ but residents could help by locking their vehicles.

COUNCIL TAX FREEZE ANNOUNCED Hard up Sheffielders have been thrown a financial lifeline by council leaders as they reveal today they are freezing council tax once again – despite having to contend with the deepest cuts to council funding in decades. As evidence reveals people are feeling the pinch this year more than ever as the cost of living and energy bills continue to soar, Sheffield City Council is proposing to not put up council

tax. This comes as the council announces it has been able to balance its budget this year, amid shrinking Government funding and other pressures. The council is currently on track to save £54m this year but has a further similar amount to save next year. As it prepares to set its 2014/15 budget on top of £180m of savings over the last three years, the City Council says it now has fewer and fewer 'efficiency' options left and warns that it is going to get harder to protect services in the future.

ILM NEWS TODAY!

DISCLAIMER ILM (The Knowledge) Newspaper does not represent any political, religious or any other group. It is purely for providing general information, entertainment and knowledge to its readers. ILM News does not take any responsibility of any views expressed by authors.

Parking Offence Fines Could Be Cut A five-minute grace period for motorists who overstay their parking is on a list of proposals being considered by the Government to make parking enforcement fairer. Many councils say they already allow motorists to stay for a few minutes longer before writing a ticket but it is a grey area which would be cleared up if written into law. The Government is now committed to reining in over-zealous parking enforcement and unjust parking practices. It is not fair to motorists and needs to stop. Changes could see the end of CCTV being used for on-street parking, unnecessary yellow lines and the introduction of compulsory 'grace periods' at the end of paid on-street parking." The public is very concerned when they're paying out penalty charges. Sometimes they think that they were misled and that signs were not clear. And often they believe that those charges are levied for the purpose of raising revenue. It would actually be illegal to do that so councils have to be much more transparent about what money they raise." The Government is also

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planning to make signage clearer so motorists do not get confused about local parking enforcement rules. Councils will have to prepare annual reports in which they reveal how much income they make from parking charges and fines. They will also be reminded that parking fines are not a "cash cow" and should not be used to raise money for council spending. Local councils receive about £500m a year in income from motorists for parking and penalty charges, all of which is spent on roads and transport. The Treasury received about £45bn a year in taxes from motorists, of which about £10bn goes back into transport, so it's pretty clear that the taxpayer isn't getting as great a deal from central government as they are from local government.

SHEFFIELD WARD SHUTS AS BUG CASES RISE A hospital ward in Sheffield has been closed to new admissions while others are under restrictions following an outbreak of the winter vomiting bug. It is not the first time ward at NGH have been hit by the bug. The winter of 2012/13 saw the same action. Cases of Norovirus have been low so far this winter, but this has begun to change. Levels in the community are now increasing and this is being reflected in the hospital. A number of patients are being treated for the virus at the hospital. as ward closures are imminent and precautionary measures taken to prevent the bug spread-

ing, patients usually make a full recovery within two days. Symptoms of Norovirus are diarrhoea, vomiting, fever, weakness, dehydration and interference with medications To minimise the risk of the bug coming into wards from people in the community, visitors should wash their hands with soap and hot water when entering and leaving wards, and avoid sitting on patients’ beds or chairs. Visitors should also ‘not be afraid to check’ whether staff have decontaminated their hands by washing them with soap and water, or an alcohol hand rub.

600 NEW HOMES TO BE RENTED ACROSS SHEFFIELD OVER THE NEXT 6 YEARS More than 600 new council homes are to be rented out across Sheffield over the next six years to meet demand for affordable properties. The city’s housing stock is to be boosted through a combination of new building projects and the refurbishment of homes which are currently standing empty. It is the maximum number the city council is able to create under current Government borrowing rules. Also planned is a replacement programme of kitchens, bathrooms, double glazing and door renewal in homes that have not had any previous work carried out over the last 10 years. The programme will cover around 7,000 of the 12,790 properties which are expected to need attention over the next

four years. Another priority is to upgrade communal areas at all 12,000 of the council’s low rise flats and begin design work on the communal areas to 3,000 maisonettes. The aim is to make flats a more attractive proposition to people wishing to move into smaller properties.

NEW STUDENTS ARE URGED TO GET THEIR LOAN BIDS IN EARLY Sixth-formers in Sheffield are urged to get their applications for student loans in early this year - to ensure cash is in their accounts when the term starts. Applications are already being accepted, with 91,000 expected from Yorkshire alone – but officers say many teenagers leave it to the last minute. In previous years, some undergraduates have had to wait

for the first few weeks of their course for their loans to come through. Student Finance England says several improvements to the system have been introduced this year. Checking incomes is the most problematic part of the process, but last year 75 per cent of applications were verified without the need for further evidence.

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Imran Khan Launches Talent Hunt To Fight Terrorism With Cricket Imran Khan, former cricketer and now leader of the governing party in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, launched a scheme to scout for cricket talent as part of his Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf’s antiterrorism efforts. Khan, who led Pakistan to World Cup glory in 1992, said he hoped finding new talent would help Pakistan win the title once more. “This is the start to a campaign to unearth talent in [KhyberPakhtunkhwa] who will in turn bring another World Cup to Pakistan,” said Khan. The PTI faces the challenge of bringing peace to the country’s worst-hit province, with Khan

a vocal advocate of holding “peace” talks with the Taliban. “I hope and pray that peace is restored in every part, including the [federally-administered tribal areas], where a lot of cricket talent needs to be unearthed,” he said. Khan said he was himself unearthed by a talent-hunt scheme. “Forty years ago I went to Lahore University grounds and was selected as a 16-year-old boy,” he said. “When I launched the first scheme in Karachi 20 years ago we unearthed Shahid Afridi,” he added, describing the all-rounder who still plays limited-overs cricket for Pakistan.

NEW LONDON BLACK CAB LAUNCHED BY NISSAN

Cricketer Shahid Afridi has endorsed the initiative. Afridi, also present at the launch, said young Pakistani talent was needed to supplement people like Khan both in cricket and politics as well as to divert young people away from extremism. “It’s a healthy activity and will help divert the youth to constructive activities, so I request the youth to support Khan, both in cricket and politics,” said Afridi. Under the scouting scheme, eight teams will be selected throughout the province and selected players will be recommended to Pakistan’s national selectors.

A new version of the London black cab has been launched by car company Nissan. The company promises that its new 1.6 litre petrol-engined taxi will be cleaner than the current diesel cabs being used in the capital. The new cab comes with round headlamps and a remodelled grille as well as new front-bumper panels.

It is a remodelled version of the vehicle first unveiled in August 2012, with modifications. The new-look taxi has been developed by Nissan's European design centre in Paddington, west London - the same design centre responsible for the Qashqai and Juke models. Nissan has ensured that this latest version adheres to the

strict Transport for London regulations governing the capital's black cabs, known officially as Hackney Carriages, including the required 25-foot (7.6-metre) turning circle Equipped with an automatic gearbox and strong lighting to show off the traditional taxi sign, the new cab will go on sale in London in December 2014.

Parents Fined For Taking Children On Term-Time Break A father fined £630 for taking his children on a week-long break in Greece during the school term has accused the government of imposing "inflexible" holiday rules on headteachers. Stewart Sutherland and his wife, Natasha, were also ordered to pay £300 in costs and a £63 victim surcharge after appearing in court last month. The couple, say they were forced to take a holiday during term time as work commitments meant they could not get time off work. The court heard that

the couple had not been given authorisation to take the children out of classes during the holiday last September and then opted not to pay a £360 fixed penalty notice. The new rules bar head teachers from granting absence unless there is exceptional circumstances. Teachers are now under huge pressure to drive up standards and make sure children do well in examinations. The amount parents can be fined for offences under the 1996 Education Act has recently been increased.

A spokesman for the Department for Education said: "Poor attendance at school can have a hugely damaging effect and children who attend school regularly are nearly four times more likely to achieve five or more good GCSEs than those who are regularly absent. "Parents should never simply discount a possible penalty notice from the cost of a cheaper holiday, because this is a criminal offence and when doing so they are always risking prosecution."

‘A Million Britons Lie For Illness Benefits’ Nearly a million people in Britain, face-to-face assessment -- this work or claiming a benefit more applying for sickness benefits, can be because of individuals re- appropriate to their situation. have been found fit enough to covering and either returning to work, authorities have revealed. A third (32%) of all new claimants for unemployment and support allowance (ESA) were assessed as being fit to work and capable of employment between October 2008 and March 2013 -- totalling 980,400 people say the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP), responsible for welfare and pension policy. Over a million others withdrew their claims before reaching a

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HAPPY HAPPY NEW NEW YEAR YEAR

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Amir Khan And Wife Faryal Expecting Baby Girl BOLTON boxer Amir Khan and his wife are expecting a baby girl. Fashion fan Faryal Makhdoom announced the gender in an Instagram video, showing designer goodies for the unborn tot including Armani booties and Dolce and Gabbana cardigans. Faryal wrote: “Proud to announce I’m having a little princess. She’s going to be a fashionista! #MyLittle DesignerBaby shopping for my life”. In an interview in November, the 27-year-old boxer told of his desire for a son. He said: “I want a boy. It’s always good to have a boy. Obviously, I’m not going to want him to be a boxer. It’s a tough sport, I do a hard sport and I know how hard it is when I’m fighting — how tough boxing is.” Earlier this week, Faryal hinted at plans for another child when she wrote on Twitter: “I really hope to have a son like my husband one day. Truly an inspiration with the biggest heart ever. May Allah shower his blessings on you”.

Almost a tenth of babies and toddlers in England and Wales are recorded as Muslim, census figures show. A breakdown of Britain's religions and age groups, available from the Office for National Statistics (ONS), shows there were 3.5 million children on the 2011 census aged zero to four years old, of whom 318,000 were recorded as Muslim. This means just under 10% of under-fives are recorded as Muslim, compared with less than 5% among all age groups. Fewer than

take “reasonable measures” to ensure that household waste produced on their property is passed on only to an authorised person. So any householder who simply gives their waste away to one of these rogue operators with “no questions The householders concerned asked” is committing a criminal had not fly-tipped the waste offence. themselves but they had given the waste to ‘one man and a Should fly-tipped waste be van’ operators without checking traced back to a particular that these people were author- household, the penalty for not ised to carry waste. Perhaps un- complying with the Duty of Care surprisingly, their waste was not can be a fine of up to £5,000 – even though the householder disposed of correctly! did not dump the waste themOne of the most common prob- selves. lems encountered by officers is that householders are being People authorised to carry approached by rogue operators waste are registered by the Enoffering to remove waste for a vironment Agency, and a list of ridiculously low price, typically registered waste carriers can be £20-50. The rogues cannot le- obtained from the following web gitimately dispose of the waste page http://www.environmentfor such a low figure. So they agency.gov.uk/publicregister or dump it and simply pocket the by ringing 08708 506506. cash! Householders can dispose of But since 2005, household- their waste without charge at ers have had a Duty of Care to any of the five Household Waste

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one in 200 over-85s are Muslims. Around 43% or 1.5 million of children under the age of five are recorded as Christian, compared with 58% or 32.9 million across all age groups. Elsewhere, the figures show that 1.2 million toddlers and babies were recorded as having no religion, while 4,672 were registered as Jedi knights, the fictional characters from the Star Wars movie franchise, 13 practised "witchcraft" and two were members of the occult.

Meg Munn Waves Goodbye to Parliament

DON’T GET CAUGHT OUT Several householders in Sheffield have been interviewed under caution by the Council’s Environmental Enforcement Officers after their personal items were found amongst fly-tipped waste.

1/10Th Of Babies Recorded As Muslim

Recycling Centres, at Beighton Road, Woodhouse; Blackstock Road, Gleadless; Manchester Road, Deepcar; Longley Avenue West, Shirecliffe; and Greaves Road, High Green.

Dr Merban Ghani

Sites are open most days except Christmas Day, Boxing Day and New Year's Day, and the opening hours are Visit www.veolia.co.uk or call their Recycling Helpline 0845 355 5515 for further information. Please note that large vehicles may need to book ahead of their visit. Sheffield City Council also offer a Bulky Items collection service, current cost is around £30 for up to 10 items of a domestic nature. The service can be contacted on 0114 273 4567. Sheffield Council tenants may be able to access this service free of charge by contacting their area housing office.

After 14 years serving as Labour’s MP for Sheffield Heeley, she has announced she believes the time has come to take her energy and experience on to new challenges. Ms Munn said: “It has not been as easy decision to make. However, I am confident it is the right one – for me, the party and the constituency. It has been a great privilege to represent the constituency since 2001 and I will look back with pride on my time in Parliament. When I first joined the Labour Party in Heeley, nearly 40 years ago, I never dreamt I would one day become its Member of Parliament.” Following Ms Munn’s election in 2001, she held various ministerial positions. From 2005 to 2007 she was the minister for women and equality and introduced civil partnerships in December 2005, was responsible for the Equali-

ties Act 2006 and was involved in the Work and Families Act 2006. In 2007, she became Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. She said: “I’ve enjoyed talking to people who are trying to make things better for others and hope I’ve helped. I look back with satisfaction on achieve-

ments I was centrally involved in, such as achieving change to gender-neutral language in our legislation, allowing unmarried couples in stable relationships to adopt, introducing civil partnerships and helping a great number of constituents with problems great and small.”

Houblon £50 Note To Be Withdrawn Around 63 million £50 banknotes bearing the portrait of the first governor of the Bank of England Sir John Houblon are to be withdrawn from circulation. From April 30, only the £50 note which celebrates the 18th century business partnership of entrepreneur Matthew Boulton and engineer James Watt, who helped forge the Industrial Revolution, will hold legal tender status, the Bank of England said. Around 224 million £50 notes worth £11.2 billion are in circulation, of which the Bank estimates 63 million with a total value of £3.2 billion are Houblon notes. From May onwards, retailers are unlikely to accept the Houblon notes as payment, but most banks and building societies will still allow customers to de-

posit them into their accounts. Barclays, NatWest, Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS), Ulster Bank and the Post Office have agreed to exchange the older-style £50 notes for both customers and non-customers up to the value of £200 until October 30. If people do not pay in or exchange the Houblon £50 notes by the withdrawal deadline,

this does not mean that the notes then become worthless. All notes that have been issued by the Bank whose legal tender status has been withdrawn are covered by its "promise to pay". So if you have any Houblon £50 notes, it's best to spend, deposit or exchange them before April 30.

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HAPPY NEW YEAR 2014

Special Traditional Dishes Nihari Lamb slowly stewed with spices, served in a distinctive gravy sauce Peshawari Ghosht Lamb on the bone, Blackpepper & Green Chilli Haleem Combination of lamb & lentils simmered for several hours Lamb Paya Slow stewed lamb trotters, served in a rich sauce Lamb Chop Masala Balti Ghosht Lamb cooked with oriental spices, tomatoes, bullet chillies & corriander Chicken Balti Cooked with oriental spices, tomatoes, bullet chillies & corriander Keema Balti Mince meat cooked with tomatoes, onions & spices King Prawn Balti Cooked with oriental spices, tomatoes, bullet chillies & corriander Bhindi Ghosht Lamb cooked with okra Bhindi Chicken Chicken cooked with okra Dall Ghosht Lentils cooked with lamb Dall Chicken Lentils cooked with chicken

£7.00 £6.50 £6.90 £6.50 £6.90 £6.70 £6.50 £6.50 £9.00 £6.40 £6.20 £6.40 £6.20

Palak Ghosht Lamb cooked with spinach Palak Chicken Chicken cooked with spinach Chana Chicken Chicken cooked with chickpeas Karela Ghosht Lamb cooked with bitter gourd Achari Ghosht Lamb cooked in a masala sauce with lime pickle Achari Chicken Chicken cooked in a masala sauce with lime pickle Lamb Jalfrezi A medium dish cooked with onions, peppers and fresh corriander Chicken Jalfrezi A medium dish cooked with onions, peppers and fresh corriander Mixed Taka Tak Mince meat, kidney, kapoorey, liver & heart Keema Chops Mince meat Tawa Chicken Boneless chicken cubes cooked on a tawa Ginger Chicken Boneless chicken, chillies, onions & ginger, cooked on a tawa Maghaz

£6.50 £6.20 £6.50 £6.50 £6.70 £6.50 £6.90 £6.50 £7.00 £6.70 £6.90 £6.50 £6.90

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Mixed Grill

Chicken & lamb tikka, lamb chops, chicken wings, ¼ chicken & seekh kebab

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£7.50

Chicken Steak T-Bone Steak Sirloin Steak Beef Fillet Steak Shredded Beef Steak Lamb Steak Grilled Fish Steak

£7.00 £12.00 £12.00 £14.00 £12.00 £10.90 £7.50

Served with rice, chips or nan Served with rice, chips or nan Marinated in spices

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£12.90

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EDUCATION AND HIGH STORRS How To Revise For Tests And Exams

SHEFFIELD SPITAL HILL AREA SET FOR REVAMP

High Storrs School. (Tel no: 0114 267 0000, email enquiries@highstorrs.sheffield.sch. • Talking things through with some- uk) one is also a good way of checking on understanding, even if the other person does Mr Akram and Mrs Heggs not fully understand what is being said. The listener can at least check that the student is using the important key words for a subject. If a student can teach someone else about their subject then this is even better and shows an excellent level of understanding. student questions.

Shop fronts in Spital Hill are set for a revamp as part of a plan to turn it around from being one of the city’s worst-performing shopping areas. Retailers in the area, which is mostly made up of small independent shops, restaurants, cafes and takeaways, are to get help to try to turn their fortunes around. The Spital Hill Shop Front Scheme, launched by Sheffield Council, will spruce up the frontages of businesses to create an attractive centre that people can be proud of. It is hoped the improvements will then attract further investment from the businesses themselves. Coun Harry Harpham, council spokesman for neighbourhoods, said: “Spital Hill could be a thriv-

ing and successful district shopping centre. It has a strong community, a good range of shops and community facilities, and access to transport links – but it needs a helping hand to reach its full potential. We believe that this scheme will help to create an attractive centre that people are proud of and will encourage further investment by the existing businesses. However, it will need the majority of independent owners to participate so that a sufficient impact can be made to the street scene.” The programme is part of the wider regeneration of the Spital Hill area and is similar to the pilot Shop Front Improvement Scheme which was launched in Darnall last July.

Islam Channel In Trouble Over Sponsorship Credits Media regulator Ofcom has found the Islam Channel in breach of a rule in relation to sponsorship credits. The rule states that “sponsorship credits must be distinct from advertising. In particular: Sponsorship credits broadcast around sponsored programmes must not contain advertising messages or calls to action.” A statement from the channel said it strongly refuted that the credit contained any advertising messages. The programme aired on 9th October 2013 Hajj Coach contained the following material: Voiceover: “The Live Prayers from Makka is brought to you by

the Arabic intensive programme at Ebrahim College. Learn Arabic and remove those subtitles”. On-screen text: “The Arabic Intensive Learn the language of the Qu’ran in a Year. [sponsor’s website address and phone number]“. Ofcom added that this was the second breach of this nature they have recorded against the Islam Channel. The regulator has therefore advised the channel to take particular care when complying material of this nature in future.

At school we spend a lot of time talking to students about the importance of revising for tests and exams and we are sure that this message is repeated by all parents at home. However, it is not always easy for students to know how to revise. Therefore, the focus of this article is to look at different ways of revising. Mr Akram asked some of his Y10 students how they prepared for exams. Some of their comments are included throughout this article. The students worked extremely hard, translating their comments in to Urdu. We know that there are a couple of errors in the Urdu translation but we felt it was important to use the students’ original work to show the progress they have made in this subject.

Different students will find that they prefer different methods of revision, and they will also find that different methods suit different subjects. Students should, however, try as many methods as they can There are many different ways of revising, as variety within their revision will also help for example: • Reading through notes and high- them. lighting key words and phrases. Students should NOT highlight long pieces of text, Repetition is also they should focus on single words or short very important. Topphrases and use these to remind them of ics should not just be revised once and the rest of the text. then left. Topics should be re• Rewriting notes (not just copying) viewed on a regular basis. in to their own words. It is important that students understand what they are trying to Most students know that they learn and rewriting it is a good way of check- should revise thoroughly for their GCSE exam, but students ing this. often feel that they do not • Drawing a mind-map, spider dia- have to prepare for tests in gram or other ‘picture’. The human brain KS3. However, the more stulikes things that are bright and colourful. dents prepare for every test Diagrams are also a very good way of get- they take the more prepared ting a lot of information on to one page and they will be when they come showing the connections between facts. to their final GCSE Exams. These mind-maps and spider diagrams can They will know which revision be put up around the house so the students techniques work for them for can revise from them and other members different subjects of the household can use them to ask the and also their subject knowledge will be much better. As always, if you have any questions, or if we give you any more advice on the above points, please do not hesitate to contact

Motorist With 45 Points Still On The Road A motorist who chalked up a record 45 penalty points on his driving licence in a nine-month offending spree is still on the road. The driver, from Liverpool, was given the points between October 1, 2012, and June 20, 2013, for eight offences of either failing to disclose the identity of the driver or for speeding. His total exceeds the previous stilldriving record of 42 points

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Drivers who tot up 12 points within three years can be disqualified. This means they have ample opportunity to desist breaking the law before reaching 12 points and facing disqualification. Failing to give the identity of the owner, speeding, and driving uninsured were the most common reasons for points. What we see is that the DVLA

must rapidly overall their systems and working relationships with the courts to ensure that the whole principle of 12 points and you are off the road is not undermined. Allowing these dangerous and irresponsible drivers to stay on the road puts innocent members of the public in danger and makes a mockery of the system.

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GREATER PROTECTION FROM MENINGITIS C A new teenage booster injection for Meningitis C will be given to 13- and 14-year-olds in Bradford from February to improve the protection they get from the disease. The additional dose will be given alongside the other routine vaccinations given to children in school at this age group. Since the introduction of a Meningitis C vaccine (commonly known as the Men C vaccine) for babies in 1999, the number of cases of disease caused by meningitis C has

fallen by 95%. However, it does not protect against other causes of meningitis such as viruses or meningococcal type B. The objective of the change is to protect those aged under 25 who may be at increased risk from meningococcal C disease which causes both meningitis and septicaemia –the latter is also known as blood poisoning. New research has shown that vaccination later on in childhood provides higher levels of antibodies which last for

longer. Giving a booster at this age will give them the best protection possible. In future young babies will continue to receive an initial dose of the vaccine when they are three months old with a second dose given after a year and a booster dose when they are aged around 14 years of age. This will extend the period of protection for teenagers and young adults at a time in their life when they are most at risk from developing the disease.

Pakistani And Bengali Communities More Susceptible To Electoral Fraud All voters should be required to show proof of identity when they turn up at a polling station before they can cast their vote, the official UK elections watchdog has said. The Electoral Commission has called for a further tightening of the rules in an attempt to stamp out ballot-rigging and restore trust in the electoral system. At the same time, the commission has launched a study into concerns that some South Asian communities - notably those with roots in parts of Pakistan and Bangladesh - were particularly susceptible to electoral fraud.

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Sixteen local authority areas - all of them in England - have been identified as being at greater risk of complaints of alleged vote-rigging being reported. The commission said it was essential that electoral registration officers, returning officers and police forces in those areas put in place measures to protect the integrity of the vote before the next set of local and European elections in May. The at-risk areas include Birmingham, the scene of a notorious ballot-rigging case in 2004 which the presiding judge said would "disgrace a banana republic".

Others on the list are Blackburn with Darwen, Bradford, Burnley, Calderdale, Coventry, Derby, Hyndburn, Kirklees, Oldham, Pendle, Peterborough, Slough, Tower Hamlets, Walsall, and Woking. It was found that electoral fraud was not widespread and was unlikely to have been attempted in no more than a "handful" of wards in any particular local authority area. It also said that would be a "mistake" to suggest that it was confined to certain South Asian communities - with people from white British and other European backgrounds also involved.

Saudia Airlines Announce Direct Flights From Manchester Airport Saudia Airlines has announced a return to Manchester Airport with a direct route between Manchester and Jeddah starting this March. Flights will commence three times a week from April 2014 and passengers can enjoy a 5% discount if they book direct through Saudia’s website. Coun Ibrar Hussain, Labour councillor for Burngreave, and David Blunkett, Brightside and Hillsborough Labour MP, petitioned Saudi Arabian Airlines to provide services so Muslim people in Sheffield can travel more easily to Mecca. As a result the company has now confirmed the flights. Coun Hussain said: “I have long campaigned for this and now, at last, after petitioning Saudi Arabian Airlines with hundreds

of people supporting and signing the petition, it has happened. At present you have to travel to Heathrow, but these services will be a great convenience for local people to travel to Saudi Arabia for Umrah and Hajj, as we have a very large Muslim community.” Saudia Airlines last operated from Manchester Airport in 2007 and the new Jeddah route is expected to attract a range of leisure and business passengers. The flights will depart from Manchester Airport’s terminal two on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sunday starting from March 28th. Manchester Airport is the third largest airport in the UK and passenger numbers have risen to over 20million during 2013.

Manchester Airport’s Middle Eastern connections will be made even stronger by the addition of the Jeddah route and the airport is the largest outside of London capable of servicing this route.

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PUPIL PREMIUM DELIVERS NEW £25 MILLION BOOST TO SHEFFIELD SCHOOLS

PTI RALLY IN SHEFFIELD

Local councillors have welcomed news that the Liberal Democrat pupil premium will deliver £25 million in additional funding to Sheffield schools next year. The Pupil Premium, which is a new fund introduced by Liberal Democrats in Government, is targeted to help schools support the most disadvantaged pupils. The fund is worth £935 for each

Pakistan Tehreek Insaaf Sheffield recently held a rally. Special guests were Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly Speaker - Asad Qaiser, President of PTI South Yorkshire and Humber - Aslam Bhutta, close friend of Imran Khan - Sahibzada Jahangir, Musadak Khan, Akram Dhareecha, Sadiq Chaudary, Ashiq Hussain, Fazal Rabbi, Raja Mohammad Shafaqat, Sheraz Ahmed, Dr. Ahtesham ul Haq, Shahid Ali, and Mohammad Jamil. Abdul Bari also addressed the audience. Raja Rashid Khan

PAGEHALL LANDLORD SCHEME Plans to create Sheffield’s first selective licensing scheme in the Page Hall community have been decided. The scheme aims to improve living conditions in the area which has the worst rented housing in the city. Landlords of around 350 homes will need to register, pay £725 for a licence and meet tougher criteria under the scheme, which is recommended for approval, from April. It aims to combat some irresponsible landlords letting overcrowded, noisy or unsanitary houses – and council chiefs also hope it could reduce anti-social behaviour and stop property prices from falling in the neighbourhood. Page Hall residents have com-

plained of litter and gangs congregating after many Roma and Slovak people moved to the area – with tensions rising in recent months. The council hopes that educating landlords about their wider ‘social responsibilities’, introducing tenant codes of conduct and identifying problems earlier will have a positive effect. The council considered proposals to declare part of the Page Hall area for Selective Licensing and the remainder of the area to be a voluntary registration area at its meeting on 15 January 2014. Cabinet approved the proposals and approved selective licensing for the following addresses in Page Hall:

Page Hall Road (53 to 135 and 52 to 118) Hinde House Lane (31 to 125 and 34 to 102) Hinde Street (all properties) Popple Street (all properties) Robey Street (all properties) Lloyd Street (all properties) Wade Street (all properties) Laudeer Street (all properties) Willoughby Street (all properties) Landlords who don’t comply – or who are found to be breaching the conditions – could be prosecuted with fines of up to £20,000. A £145,000 Government grant would help towards the £238,000 cost of running the licensing scheme.

WOMEN URGED NOT TO IGNORE CERVICAL SCREENINGS Over 40% of women aged 25 to 49 in the city of Bradford and around a quarter of women elsewhere in the district haven’t had a cervical screening within the last three and a half years. Around 20% of women in the Bradford district aged 50 and over haven’t had a cervical screening in the last five and a half years and a Cancer Research UK study stated women in this age group who failed to attend were six times more likely to end up with cervical cancer. Although the cancer rate has fallen significantly since improvements in the national NHS screening programme in

Fast-Food Fraud: Why Contaminated Cheap Meat Could End Up At Takeaways The author of a Governmentcommissioned report into food fraud has warned that areas like Bradford are “vulnerable” to the supply of contaminated meat, as an investigation into an illegal food processing plant in the city continues. Research had found inner-city areas with high numbers of restaurants and fast food outlets were more likely to be the victims of shoddy practices. Some businesses would look to buy cheap meat and the products would receive a lower level of scrutiny than those going into big supermarkets – meaning there was a “point of vulnerability” in the supply chain. Inner-city areas are a particular point of vulnerability because there are so many fast food outlets which may want to buy cheaper meat. There is a “danger” that proces-

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sors might buy illegal meat due to increased pressure to keep their costs down. If the alternative to buying cheaper meat is losing a contract, they may purchase fraudulent meat through careless procurement practices or simply a

need for a cheaper product. This could be illegal meat including meat from regulated/ unregulated abattoirs and coldstores, relabelled meat that is of the type not suitable for human consumption, or meat trim with the ‘visible lean’ percentage

disadvantaged pupil in 2014/15 and the spending of the fund is controlled by local headteachers. Schools have used the funds for catch-up classes, one-to-one tuition, or extra IT support – whatever teachers believe will best help the targeted pupils. The £24,886,000 for Sheffield schools in the 2014/15 academic year represents a £6 million increase on this year’s funding of £18 million and is almost four times more than the £6.5 million allocated in the first year of 2011/12. The biggest winners in Sheffield include Hinde House School and Firth Park Community College who will receive £639,220 and £609,620 respectively in the next aca-

increased by inclusion of red offal, meat from other species, or meat not suitable for human consumption. The number of inspections has in the past 12 months increased across the country.

the late 1980s, incidence rates for some age groups have risen in recent years. Nationally almost half of women aged 25-29 years old put off their screening, and on average delay it for 15 months. Women aged 60-64 years old were found to delay their tests for an average of 33 months. One in 10 said they had not attended a screening for more than 10 years. Research has raised serious concerns as cervical cancer is the most common cancer in women under 35 and kills three women every day in the UK. Screenings save 5,000 lives a year but one in five women

who are eligible do not take up their invitation, and this rises to one in three for young women aged 25-29. The research also found 55 per cent of the 2,021 women surveyed did not know the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer and 31 per cent did not know the cause at all. It is very important younger women eligible for the screenings attend, say health advisors. Those aged 25 to 34 are most likely to be unsure whether they need to attend. A cervical screening test only takes five minutes but could save a woman’s life.

Work Starts On New Link Road Work has begun on a new highspeed link road to make journeys between Sheffield and Rotherham quicker. Construction of the £30 million ‘bus rapid transit scheme’ between Meadowhall Way and Sheffield Road started after preparatory work was completed recently. The road, which will cut travel time as it avoids junction 34 of the M1, is due to open next year. It is designed particularly to create a faster route for buses, with

a limited number of stops on the route and passengers being able to buy tickets before boarding. But all traffic would be able to use the road and it is hoped it would also ease congestion on the M1 junction 34 roundabout - encouraging investment to the Lower Don Valley. Funding of £15.4 million from The Department of Transport, which triggered £8.1 million from Europe, was agreed for the link road last year.

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Yellow Box Junction On Sheldon Road Helps Road Safety A yellow box junction on Sheldon Road in Nether Edge has had a new lick of paint and parents have spoken to local activists about how it will help them with the road safety message for their children.

School. Parents told Councillor Bond and Ms Akther that they were pleased with the paint job

Following the visit, Labour activist Nasima went to Nether Edge Primary School to give a talk to pupils about the importance of A Local resident contacted Coun- road safety. cillor Nikki Bond to request a refresh of the yellow box junction. Councillor Bond said: “Road safeCouncillor Nikki Bond and local ty is a very important issue in this activist Nasima Akther visited area and I am grateful for the supthe spot on Monday morning to port of local activists like Nasima observe how cars were respond- in speaking to people and listening to the refreshed box junction, ing to their concerns. Equally, and talk to parents about crossing it’s great that the Streets Ahead team responding so quickly to my the road safely. request to refresh the yellow box The junction between Sheldon junction, which bodes well for Road and Sandford Grove Road the zonal work that is due to take is a main crossing point for fami- place on Abbeydale Road and lies to get to Nether Edge Primary Carterknowle Road in the Spring.”

OUR PROPHET; OUR LIFE An estimated 2000 members of the youth in Sheffield attended a conference celebrating the life of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) The conference, which was held in Fir Vale’s Masjid Ghausia, was successfully hosted by An Nasiha – an organisation gaining a great deal of prominence throughout South Yorkshire. The aim of An Nasiha is “Reminding, Inspiring and Advising.” The members of the organisation have held many successful events in the past, but this has been by far the most successful and most spiritually uplifting. The crowd, which was mainly made up of the youth, had the honour of listening to a variety of scholars, all from different backgrounds. The event was hosted by Hafiz Issarar Hussain – who is currently studying the Islamic sciences at Jamia Al Karam (Retford). The tilalwat was done by Brother Muhammad Habib, also a student of Jamia Al Karam. Shaykh Esa Alexander – who reverted at the tender age of 18 – did a magnificent speech at the event alongside Imam Adil Shahzad (Bradford) Shaykh Sadaqat Hussain (Rotherham) Shaykh Waseem Ahmed (Sheffield) and Imam Asim Hussain (Bradford). The brothers and sisters also had the honour of listening to Al Hajj Owais Raza Qadri (Pakistan) who enlightened the audience with his beautiful voice reciting the blessed poetry of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Dr Ripon Ahmed

An Nasiha has promised bigger events for the future after receiving an array of positive feedback from the attendees of the event. If you missed the event you have the opportunity to view it on the An Nasiha YouTube page. Follow them on www.annasiha.co.uk; Facebook: An Nasiha and Twitter: @AnNasiha1 for more news and updates.

Ground-Breaking Equipment Will Enable Non-Invasive Post Mortems Ground-breaking equipment will be installed at Bradford's Forensic Science Centre this year. Sheffield was the first to ahave the non-invasive technology in November 2013 and now the city of Bradford is following suite. The contract has just been signed between Bradford Council and iGene to install three dimensional visualisation software and a scanner which will mean non-invasive post mortems can be carried out

as a possible alternative to the traditional post mortem procedures. The non-invasive process is intended to be less harrowing for relatives who have lost a loved one and in some cases may allow the body to be released for a funeral sooner, providing there are no further investigations and examinations to follow. Deputy Leader of Bradford Council, Coun Imran Hussain, said:

"We are proud to be pioneering this modern technology as Bradford is one of the first places in the country to have a digital autopsy facility. "It will be welcome news for all bereaved families as traditional invasive post mortems can be distressing for relatives. This new technology will ensure we can offer a less invasive post mortem to families as an alternative in appropriate cases."

Mohammed Ijaz Kiyani, resident Mohammed Ijaz Kiyani, resident of Nether Edge in Sheffield, who has been under treatment at the Northern General Hospital would like to thank all his family and friends for their concern for his health in the last few weeks. He asks for your duaas and offers his best wishes. On behalf of all our readers and from the ILM News team, we wish Kiyani Sahib good health and a speedy recovery. May allah grant him Shifa InshaAllah.

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FROM MIRPUR TO ENGLAND When Iffat Mukhtar, (an advocate of the high court) was defending a land dispute she never expected her journey into the court room in Mirpur, (June 2006) to conclude with her resettling in Sheffield, and later qualifying as a reputable solicitor. Iffat was one of only a handful of female solicitors already practising in Mirpur. She joined the profession in 2004. During the devastating earthquake of 2005 she volunteered her services and performed the honourable role of a senior lecturer to the Mohindun Medical College and become a lecturer to The Kashmir Law College. In 2005 she further became the finance secretary of The Young Lawyer Association. Iffat further became the founder president of The Women Lawyer Association in 2008. 2008 further witnessed Iffat participating in local elections for the very elite position of Vice Chair of The District Bar of Mirpur. Further becoming the vice president in Kashmir Legal Cell in 2009. Iffat married and joined her husband in England in 2010. She transported her hunger to integrate and good citizenship by becoming a model citizen. Upon arrival she immediately joined The Anglo Asian Society, The Sheffield, Rotherham

and District Council of Muslim, The Elmham Road Neighbourhood watch. Since the inception of the voluntary scheme, Iffat passionately performed the role of a snow warden for Sheffield City Council. She was responsible for organising one of the largest cosmopolitan Queens Jubilee Party where the national anthem was sung in over 20 different languages. Similarly she participated in organising the largest multicultural Royal Baby party designed to celebrate the arrival of the royal baby (Prince George Alexander Louis). In 2010 the Lord Lieutenant (of Leicester) Lady Jenifer Gratton celebrated Iffat’s civic achievements during a garden party where she alongside her husband was presented with an outstanding community achievement award. But Iffat was born to be a lawyer and law was where her heart was and she soon found herself pursuing the career she had come to love. Joining Reiss Solicitor’s she pursued her legal conversion course The Qualified Lawyers Transfer Test and successfully passed the course and has now become a qualified Solicitor.

Smoking other (cancer causing) chemicals and carbon monoxide (poor baby growth in utero). It is important to point out that these substances are present in shisha as well and Smoking causes about 10000 shisha is not safer then cigarettes! deaths a year in the UK. Why should I quit? Most people are aware of the Aside from the obvious health main dangers of smoking: an in- benefits for you e.g. reduced risk creased risk of many cancers (in of heart and lung disease and particular lung), heart disease increased life expectancy there and chronic obstructive pulmo- are other benefits. For example, nary disease. However, smoking is a 20-a-day cigarette smoker will also associated with rheumatoid spend over £40000 on cigarettes arthritis, circulatory problems, in 20 years! Though I am no rereduced fertility and sexual prob- ligious scholar my understanding lems. Smoking in pregnancy will is that from an Islamic perspective put babes at risk of miscarriage, smoking is considered haram. This poor growth and congenital de- is yet another important reason to try and quit. formities. Passive smoking is when smokers’ smoke is exposed to non- smok- How can I stop smoking? ers. Children and babies who live Although stopping smoking is in a household where there is difficult there is lots of help out smoker are more prone to respira- there for the 2 in 3 smokers who tory infection and cot deaths. They want quit. The most important aswill also do less well academically pect to stopping is willpower and when compared to children from determination. However, medinon-smoking households and are cations and support will greatly twice as likely to smoke when increase your chances of successfully quitting. they grow up. Cigarette smoke contains nico- GPs, practice nurses and pharmatine (an addictive drug), tar and cists can all help you quit. There This is the time of year most people will think about and try to quit smoking. Often people will make it a resolution for the New Year.

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Bradford Continues To Narrow The Gap At GCSE Final validated GCSE results show the gap has narrowed between the Bradford and national performance for the third year running, in figures released by the DfE. Bradford’s slight increase in the benchmark 5 A*-C grades including English and maths bucks the national trend. The figures show the gap narrowed to 6.2 percentage points. Last year the gap was 7 percentage points and in 2011 the gap was 11.4 percentage points.

Also, for the first time, the District’s performance at 5 A*-C grades for all subjects is higher than the national average. At A level, the final validated results show that Bradford’s average points per pupil decreased by 11.1 points to 647.2. There was also a reduction nationally by 8.7 points to 724.3 in 2013. Coun Ralph Berry, Executive Member for Children’s Services, said: "I am pleased that the gap between the district and the national performance has, once

again, narrowed, but I am aware that there is work to be done to further improve Bradford’s overall GCSE results. There have been some notable school successes, and these schools deserve to be congratulated. This is evidence of the positive work being carried out by the Council and the Bradford Partnership of secondary schools. We will continue to work with them to bring about further improvements to ensure the gap continues to be narrowed with the national performance.”

Council Continues To Tackle Issue Of Weather Deaths Her decision to join a firm based in Bradford rather than in her new home town in Sheffield was influenced by the fact that the firm ( Reiss Solicitors ) is managed by Practitioners who had given so much back to the community. Senior partners Obaid Rathore and Asma Javaid are between them active School governors, local councillors and have been responsible for immeasurable community enhancement projects. Celebrating her momentous achievements with Her Majesties Deputy Lord Lieutenant Lady ( Marian Rae) in Sheffield Iffat said: “ I was born to be a lawyer , to fight for people’s rights. Sometimes you just know where your skills are. I am very grateful to all the people who have facilitated my journey, made my transition from Mirpur to UK Courts a reality, Particularly the wonderful people of Yorkshire”.

Bradford Council is taking further action to help tackle the issue of winter deaths across the district. The move follows the latest government statistics which show an increase in winter deaths across the Bradford district for 2011-12. The 201213 figures will not be released until later this year. Measures agreed this year include the continuation of the Warm Homes, Healthy People programme; a multi-agency project designed to offer imme-

diate help to households most at risk from the cold weather conditions. Other work being carried out to help cut the risks to vulnerable and elderly people in the district include a focus on trip and fall prevention, delivering multi-agency hospital discharge support and initiatives to tackle fuel poverty. Councillor Amir Hussain, Portfolio holder for Health, said: "We must all remember that these statistics represent people’s

lives and the impact their health has on their families. We have a responsibility to ensure that we are doing everything we can to protect vulnerable people from the effects of the cold. "There are already new projects underway for tackling fuel poverty like the funding of the b-warm programme which includes the development of a project specifically aimed at vulnerable households, accessed through health professionals.

Dr Ripon Ahmed are several NHS stop smoking clinics in most areas that have specialist advisors who can help and provide medications. There is lots of online help out there too. You can order a free Quit Kit from the NHS website below, which also contains other information. What medications can help me quit smoking? Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) is a way of replacing the nicotine in tobacco. It comes as gums, sprays, patches, tablets, lozenges and inhaler. NRT can be bought without a prescription. There are two relatively new tablets that can help with stopping smoking: Zyban and Champix. They work differently to NRT by reducing the urge to smoke. More information about both is available from health professionals or online. The next annual NO SMOKING DAY is on March 12th 2014. There is plenty of time till before then to get advice, help and support.

For further information visit or visit your GP. http://www.nhs.uk/smokefree http://www.nosmokingday.org.uk/

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HAPPY NEW YEAR

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THICK, BLACK CLOUDS By: Dr A Q Khan

email: dr.a.quadeer.khan@gmail.com The recent acts of violence have reminded me of my column, ‘Mass graves’ (April 30, 2012). In that I had pointed out that mass graves were the result of either natural calamities or acts of war. Under those circumstances, due to the large number of dead, it becomes impossible to bury bodies individually.

take the law into their own hands and the rulers then find no place to run to or hide in. This happened in France, Russia, China, etc and when the rulers, the bureaucrats, the army officers and soldiers could find no refuge, they were brutally murdered. In the recent past we saw mass graves of the millions of people killed during the Second World We saw examples of this after the earth- War, and of those killed in the brutal atquake in Kashmir, the tsunami, World tack by the Americans and their allies on Wars I and II, Vietnam, Korea, Rwanda Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya. Burundi, Bosnia, the nuclear attacks on Japan, etc. The purpose was to remind Here I would like to draw attention to our rulers, the agencies and the public the revolution in Iran. We are all aware that this could well happen in Pakistan. of how brutal the rule of the late Shah We cannot avoid the problem by bury- of Iran and his secret police, Savak, was. ing our heads in the sand. We need to When the people could no longer take realise the seriousness of the problem that tyranny, they took the law into at hand and try to solve it on a war foot- their own hands under the leadership of ing. Ayatollah Khomeini. A large number of oppressors were brutally and mercilessI had also warned that, with time, the ly murdered – mass graves their destiny. tribal people and their supporters would lose fear of law-enforecement agencies, Our country is heading in the same dithe Rangers and even the army. How rection but the rulers and establishment true my apprehensions proved to be. By seem oblivious to the looming danger. whatever name you call them, the tribal First we saw occasional random atpeople and their supporters and sympa- tacks, then on groups and gatherings in thisers are deadly against the govern- markets, in mosques and on buses, but ment policy of playing mercenary to now they even attack law-enforcement the Americans and their allies. By allies personnel. They are no longer shy of I also mean our government and all our engaging soldiers and rangers. As a matstate organs. ter of fact the tables seem to have been turned, with jawans, Rangers and poHistory is witness to the fact that when licemen unable to perform their duties people have had enough of the high- fearlessly. handedness of a state’s rulers, they

Our ‘defenders’ are no longer defenders but are worried about their own lives being at risk. They have good reason to be afraid. They are not fighting for the protection of the motherland and are insufficiently equipped. They see before their eyes the burnt and mutilated bodies of women and children killed in drone attacks and attacks by our own aircraft and heli-gunships.

aflame. When that situation arises, and if it leads to a revolution, there will be a need for mass graves. Dr Tahirul Qadri, Imran Khan, Altaf Hussain and three or four more firebrands or religious fanatics could easily put the people into a revolutionary spirit with many dire, unforeseen consequences. Were such a movement to start, there is no doubt that students and lawyers would be quick to jump on the bandwagon and On the one hand our sovereignty and hasten the beginning of a revolution. existence is at stake, but on the other hand our rulers lead extravagantly luxu- It is painful to have to admit that the rious lives. They are accompanied by es- present government seems even worse corts of 12 to 20 vans filled with armed than the previous one. Mention any personnel as well as bullet proof vehi- institution and you will find that it is in cles at their disposal, while the police a mess – law and order, loadshedding, and Rangers very often don’t even have inflation, unemployment, foreign debt, bullet-proof jackets or vehicles at theirs. to name but a few. The cost of living has skyrocketed and many people are About two years ago a reporter of this literally starving – no money for food or newspaper warned that the people medicines, gas and electricity loadshedhave been pushed to such misery by ding, even burials have become out of the rulers that the day is not far off reach of many poor people. when they will rise in revolt, leading to a bloody revolution not seen in this The only criterion for choosing miniscountry before. There are hundreds of ters is either that they should be blindly millions of deadly weapons around and loyal or that they have won a seat in the people know how to use them. They National Assembly by hook or by crook. have now lost their fear. The recent Look at our ministers and check their deadly attacks are an indication of what credentials – none of them are qualified is in store for this country. or competent to hold the office they occupy. The mir-e-karvan is oblivious to The rulers and the establishment are ground realities and is behaving someunder the illusion that all is well. All is what like Nero when Rome was burnnot well. All that is needed is a few fiery, ing. Thick black clouds are hanging over inciting orators to put the whole thing us, warning of a coming calamity.

The Almighty has given many parables in the Holy Quran to guide and warn us, the public and the rulers. Some of these are: • Thus we have placed leaders (wicked men) in every nation to plot and burrow therein so that they plot there and intrigue. But they only plot against their own souls and they perceive it not (6:123). • Such were the Aad people. They rejected the signs of Allah Almighty, the Cherisher, disobeyed His apostles and followed the commands of every powerful, obstinate transgressor and they were (then) pursued by a curse in this life and on the Day of Judgement (11:59-60). • When We decide to destroy a population (nation) we first send a definite order to those among them who are given the good tidings of this life and yet transgress, so that the word is proved against them. Then it is We who destroy them utterly (17:16). • Warn them of the Day (of Judgement) that is ever drawing near when their hearts will come right up to their throats to choke them. No intimate friend, nor intercessor, will the wrong-doers have who could listen to them (40:18).

WE HAVE MOVED TO BIGGER & BETTER PREMISES

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NEW RESTAURANT NEW CONFIDENCE MEANS BUSINESS refered to as one of Sheffield best kept culinary secrets and have built a strong a loyal clientele over the years. With nearby Shapla and Zing Vaa, who have firmly stood proud in the Moor area for decades, it is hoped the Moor will be The opening of the stylish eatery, put on the culinary map. bar and party venue is creating over twenty new jobs and dis- The new, fully licensed, El plays the confidence sweeping Paso boasts bar, restaurant the area following the unveiling and area for dancing. It is of the multi-million pound new also offering the space for Moor Market in early December. small scale conferences and business meetings in El Paso, which faces the markets the day time. building, has been running successfully in much smaller premis- El Paso bookings can be es at 8, Cumberland Street, for made on 0114 273 9523 and more information can almost twenty years. be found on www.elpaBut the regeneration plans for sorestaurant.co.uk the Moor area persuaded the owners the time was right for major expansion and they made the move to buy next door - the former pub at number 10. The £250,000 transformation of Cumberland Street's former Moorfoot Tavern into the brand new El Paso Mexican/Italian restaurant is being hailed as the next exciting chapter in the regeneration of The Moor area in Sheffield.

NEXT STEPS IN PLANS FOR MORE SCHOOL PLACES Continued population growth has meant further primary school places are needed across the city so that all children can go to school in their local area. Sheffield City Council have been consulting on proposals to increase places in six areas of the city – Wybourn, Greystones, Crosspool, Firth Park, Acres Hill and Tinsley – since September. A steady growth in the birth rate over the past decade as well as an increase in the number of families moving to live in Sheffield has meant more children coming through into primary schools. Already nearly 2,500 extra places have been created in primary schools across the city and more are needed. Two brand new primary schools are also to be built in Shirecliffe and Fir Vale, opening in 2014,

and a new through 2-16 school in Darnall will be operational from September 2015. Each will ultimately provide 60 additional places per year group for primary school pupils, with a total of 420 additional primary school places at each school. Now the council is proposing to increase places at Wybourn Primary from 45 to 60 per year; make the temporary arrangements at Greystones Primary permanent – with an increase of pupils to 90 per year and increase intake at Hallam Primary for up to 90 pupils per year. These are some areas of the city where growth in the birth rate has been strongest. Other proposals include a temporary expansion at Acres Hill Primary and a replacement school in Tinsley.

Tinsley has seen a temporary increase of 15 places per year in a previous round of expansions but as the population has remained high the preferred option is to bring together and expand the current junior and infant school to accommodate the growing population with a permanent addition of 30 places in each group. This would also mean the new school could be sited away from the nearby motorway. The council has recently been successful in its bid for Government funding under the Targeted Basic Need programme to support the expansion. Discussions over extra places in the Firth Park area are expected to be reconsidered following a review of the situation in Autumn 2014.

The £250,000 investment means the new El Paso restaurant can cater for up to 120 covers - a four fold increase on before. They are also open for daytime trade as well as evening. El Paso has regularly been

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Pakistans Exploding Population In much of the developed, as well as developing, world population growth is slowing. Unluckily, the same is not true of Pakistan. Pakistan, now the 5th most populous country in the world (according to unofficial sources, as no census has been held since 1998), leaving behind Brazil, has a population growing much faster than had been projected. Its total population as of 2011 stood at 197.4 million, and its mega-city “Karachi” is estimated to have crossed the 23 million mark (as of April 2013). In this under-developed, war-stricken, resource-scarce country, this exploding bomb of population is a matter of grave concern. Leaving aside the basic rights of liberty and security of life, the state has even failed to provide basic facilities such as health and education. In the war that has been continuing for more than a decade now, the country has lost more than 60,000 lives. The infrastructure along with the writ of the state is collapsing. In this scenario these increasing millions of mouths that need to be fed are coming into existence without any proper planning. In an age when the world is socially progressing, we are regressing. The rights that were once freely exercised are now being taken back. Women in many parts of the country are denied education and are prohibited from attending schools, colleges, universities; a right they previously exercised freely. Women have also lost their right to vote in many parts of the country. Women’s freedom of movement has been restricted as they are discouraged from going to markets. To implement this policy, shopkeepers are not allowed in some parts of the country to sell goods to women who are not accompanied by an adult male (Mehrum). With the exception of a very few, even among the educated classes, women are discouraged from working or having a professional career. Amongst the masses they are considered inferior beings

and merely child producing machines whose function is limited to bearing and rearing of children. The denial of education and the taking away of right to vote is a recent loss, and is a product of the incoming Taliban (Governmentin-waiting) rule. Whether the war on terror is our war or not is an irrelevant question. More troublesome and worrying is the fact that we are ourselves caught up in different ideological wars. We have lost more than 60,000 lives; our mosques, temples and churches are blown up every other day and those who cause it are barbarians for some, stakeholders for others and brothers-in-faith for some others. This was recently evident in the Peshawar church attack in which more than 80 innocent lives were lost. And the incident that was condemned all over the globe, presented an opportunity for some to introduce their masters, thereby legitimizing them by opening up of Taliban offices in this country. It is a matter of grave concern that the reins of this country are in the hands of such inhuman, intellectually bankrupt, religious bigots. From history we come to know that whenever such social condition exist political philosophers are born; for political philosophers only take birth and political philosophies only develop when there are social disturbances. Political ideas come about as a reaction to certain events; and it is these ideas that in turn shape future events. Plato prepared a comprehensive plan of education and communism of wives and property, Hobbes gave the ideology of absolute monarchy, Locke that of constitutionalism and Marx that of communism. Plato, Aristotle, Burke, Mill, Bentham, Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau, wrote with a purpose. They were men of purpose and action. They preached and defended what they considered morally right. They either supported or con-

demned the then existing institutions and systems. It is not logical to ignore history; revolutions and social changes have only been brought about by philosophers and thinkers. In the western world, social conditions have been comparatively better; but even in the 20th century men such as Hobhouse, Laski and Barker dealt with questions such as rights, duties, liberty, equality, justice, political obligation and so on. In the absence of a philosopher, revolution will not come about, it will have to be created, and this self created revolution can only take the form of a bloody revolution. With no signs of real economic growth and the problems of energy crisis, street crime, terrorism, religiosity, combined with non-availability of education, health care and employment opportunities, the birth of these millions and millions of more mouths is a burden on the already non-sufficient resources. The state needs to legislate, introduce schemes, awareness campaigns, birth control programs etc. to control this unplanned and unwanted growth rate. But unfortunately, the rulers of this land lack the wisdom and vision to govern; hence attention to such matters cannot be expected. The system of democracy, which is considered as an ideal system all over the globe, is probably not best suited to the conditions here. Maybe the system of a philosopher-king, as envisioned by Plato, might turn around things in this failed state. Only a philosopher-king could analyse this society and its problems in detail and provide a solution to fix them. To conclude in R.G. Collingwood’s words: “If political philosophers do not involve themselves in analyzing the problems of our society and have no commitments to them, politics will be guided by fools”. This seems to be true of the state of Pakistan as well.

Malala Yousafzai to be Presented Anne Frank Award for Moral Courage Pakistani teenage activist Malala Yousafzai is to receive an award for moral courage. The 16-year-old was honoured with the Anne Frank Award at a ceremony in London. She came to public attention in 2012 when she was shot in the head by a Taliban gunman while on her way to school. Speaking about the young activist, co-founder and executive director of the Anne Frank Trust UK, Gillian Walnes said: "Malala is one of the most remarkable people we have encountered, both as a teenager and an educator, and is as inspirational a figure as Anne Frank." Yousafzai is studying for her Alevels and cannot attend the event. Her father, Ziauddin Yousafzai, who is a UN adviser on education, will accept the award on her behalf. Since her recovery she has been feted by Prime minister's and Presidents and met the Queen, who she presented with a copy of her book. United Nations Special Envoy for Global Education Gordon Brown launched a UN petition in Yousafzai's name, using the slogan "I am Malala" and demanding that all children worldwide be in

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school by the end of 2015 – a petition which helped lead to the ratification of Pakistan's first Right to Education Bill. In the 29 April 2013 issue of Time magazine, Yousafzai was featured on the magazine's front cover and was named one of "The 100 Most Influential People in the World." She was last year considered a contender for the Nobel Peace Prize and although Yousafzai was widely expect-

Sharrow Community Ignored in Supermarket Decision It was heart-warming and inspiring to be involved in the recent campaign to prevent a developer from putting a supermarket on an unsuitable site on Sharrow Lane near the Wolstenholm Road traffic lights. It has been sad to watch this lovely building vandalised and demolished. Many people have said it would be better if it could have been converted or replaced by housing. ‘Sharrow Organic Foods’ applied to put a retail unit on the site of the demolished St John’s Methodist Church. This is a company which has never traded and cites its business activity as ‘buying and selling of own real estate’. Major retailers often use ‘nice’-sounding shell companies to get planning permission. The response from local people, retailers and representatives (our Councillors and MP) was overwhelming. About 350 people showed their opposition to the plans through signing a petition or making a written objection, with only four people supporting the development. The main concerns from the community included increased traffic on Sharrow Lane near Wostenholm Road, and its impact on safety. This includes a plan which will involve delivery vehicles crossing the traffic and the car-park of the supermarket having to be coned off, sometimes many times in a day. We all know what it’s like on Sharrow Lane on match day and at busy times on other days – imagine what it will be like with the extra supermarket traffic and delivery vehicles. A supermarket will also undoubtedly have a negative impact on at least 18-20 shops in the local area. These are largely independent, community shops. Tabarak Sadiq, who owns the Local and Kebabish, said, “A supermarket will of-

fer an impersonal service. We know who is ill, who is unwell, for example we lost one of our dear customers just a couple of weeks ago. These things do not happen in supermarkets – they’re only interested in the shareholders sitting on the other side of the world”. The developer has said that a new shop would benefit the community and create up to 20 jobs. Some people have also said that they’d prefer a shop to the current demolition site. Despite the objections, Sheffield City Council agreed to the development on the 26th November, with Councillors on the Planning Committee voting 7 – 4 in favour. There’s no right of appeal for the local community. A Judicial Review is an option, but it is a very expensive and lengthy process and on past experience, unlikely to succeed. Overall, there’s a feeling that we haven’t been properly consulted or listened to. Many of us said “we don’t want this shop”, and these people from outside Sharrow haven’t listened. A major chain supermarket in the middle of our residential area will undoubtedly affect our local culture and economy. We may have lost this particular campaign, but there is one big positive from this story. Lots of us have shown that we care about Sharrow and are prepared to stand up for it. You can contact Sarah Jane Smalley on greensjsmalley@gmail.com to be kept up-to-date with future developments on this and other issues in the area. Sarah Jane Smalley is a Trustee at Sharrow Community Forum. By Sarah Jane Smalley with contribution from Eleanor Stephens

ed to win the prestigious prize, it was awarded to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. The teenager was however, the youngest person at age 16 and the first girl to be nominated for the award. On 12 July 2013, her 16th birthday, she spoke at the UN to call for worldwide access to education. The UN dubbed the event "Malala Day". Addressing the delegates she said: "The terrorists thought they would change my aims and stop my ambitions, but nothing changed in my life except this: weakness, fear and hopelessness died. "Strength, power and courage was born ... I am not against anyone, neither am I here to speak in terms of personal revenge against the Taliban or any other terrorist group. "I'm here to speak up for the right of education for every child. I want education for the sons and daughters of the Taliban and all terrorists and extremists." Ban Ki-moon, who spoke at the session, described her as "our hero". She has since written a memoir about her experiences since the fateful attack by the Taliban, entitled I Am Malala.'

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THE HOUSING CHALLENGE

PROPERTY CORNER

Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son

One of the major topics dominating the country is the issue of housing. Politicians, central government, local government and third sector providers are all challenged with this question.

land for any development will have very strong opposition and rightly so. But there will be challenging demand reasons to look at reviewing this policy. It has to be done with a great deal of sensitivity and public awareness. This will be a long drawn battle for both camps to convince the public either way. But the battle many commence because we have no alternative.

cations, in particular in and around London, have seen an increase in such applications which will not cease in the near future.

Clearly there will be people who would see this as undermining the viability and future prosperity of commercial centres, thereby becoming a commerce challenge in an improving Let us look at the scenario. The popu- economy. lation rate in this country is increasing, the number of new homes being built Another key debate which has not been rising at the same rate. In has been raging up and essence, very little new build has hap- down the country is the future of the pened in the last few years. Clearly this Green Belt. There are many people will increase the pressure on demand. who believe the time has come to One of the reasons for a rise in prices review Green Belt policy. Clearly is fuelled by demand and not enough this is a major issue and has many challenges. The question is, do we supply. have enough non-green Belt land Clearly the government has looked at that can accommodate the need for this and have put in place certain ini- more houses. This is a question being tiatives. One which has been more suc- asked of many local authorities. cessful than predicted is the conversion of offices to residential. The idea which Any changes to Green Belt policy has some merit was to convert empty would be a major issue, as for many office blocks into residential units. The years this has been a defence against uptake in this initiative was unexpect- urban sprawl, a safeguard to supedly high and continues to be. The port the environment, and the need positive aspect of this initiative is that for agricultural land. It has been a more units are being created for the foundation of policy which has been increasing demand and empty build- sacrosanct. Green Belt policies have ings are coming back into use creating been instrumental in preserving our new communities. Some southern lo- countryside. Looking at Green Belt

One of the biggest challenges for accommodation and housing is going to be in the south of the country. Predictions are that the economy is rising at its quickest in this area. The demand for housing is tremendous with people having to pay substantial rentals to secure a property in London. There is even talk that people are looking to buy properties in the Midlands and even as far north as Doncaster and commute to London. It may sound bizarre but there are people who fly in from France to work in London. The London and region's economy is rising at a rate in excess of any other area in the country. Therefore, the attraction for people in the form of jobs is always going to be strong with the demand for housing equally strong. Another idea being talked about is the release of government and local authority land specifically for housing. Many

authorities are following this course of action but the challenge is how it is bought on the market, and at what price. Clearly this is a complicated and very much a political process which will need a great deal of debate. But the question is if there is land held on behalf of the public then it should be released for the benefit of the public, which is one school of thought. One you might agree with. Others might strongly disagree. I believe that we will see more people commuting long distances to employment hotspots, inevitably London and its regions. People living in larger family units with children not moving out for some time, a concept of living which many overseas people are aware of. Whichever way we look at this problem, we are faced with a huge challenge which will need a radical approach as land is a commodity in short supply. If you want to contact me I am a consultant at Mark Jenkinson and Son, telephone 0114 276 0151 or mobile: 07879 015095 and I will be delighted to advise on any property issues you may wish to discuss. please note this article is only for guidance, and you should take professional advice.

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Q & A COMMERCIAL PROPERTY

LEGAL CORNER Mohammed Nazir

Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: nazir@wosskowbrown.co.uk Q: What are CPSEs 1, 2, 3 and 4 ? A: These are questions regarding commercial property which is subject to a transaction (lease sale, or re-mortgage). Solicitors ask for these as they contain vital information and history about the property. Q: What is rent deposit Deed ? If you are taking a tenancy agreement out on a property then you and your landlord will sign a deed which will set the terms and conditions on which the rent is held. It also clarifies the time frame of the tenancy and how the deposit will be held. This document is normally supplementary to the lease.

Q: Is an EPC required on sale of a building without a central heating system? A: Although the building does not have a central heating system, it is possible that an energy performance certificate (EPC) will be required on the basis of the presence of electric wall heaters.

Regulations 2012. Under regulation 2(1) of the EPB Regulations 2012, a building is defined as a roofed construction having walls, for which energy is used to condition the indoor climate.

The Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) states that in relaThe Energy Performance of Buildings tion to non-dwellings: (England and Wales) Regulations 2012 (EPB Regulations 2012) came into force "Services considered to condition the inon 9 January 2013 and replaced all of the door climate are the following fixed services: heating, mechanical ventilation or previous regulations. air-conditioning. Although the provision The obligation to supply an EPC on sale or of hot water is a fixed building service, it rent arises in relation to buildings which does not condition the indoor environare not exempt under regulation 6, EPB ment and would not, therefore, be a trig-

Clegg Backs Campaign Against Labour’s Library Closures Nick Clegg, Liberal Democrat MP for Sheffield Hallam, has called on Labour controlled Sheffield City Council to change their plans to close more than half of local libraries. Local Labour councillors are going ahead with the plan despite failing to collect £31m of outstanding council tax bills. The proposal to close 16 of 28 local libraries has sparked community campaigns across Sheffield. Liberal Democrats handed in a 16,000 petition and community groups have handed in other petitions with thousands more names. Of the 12 libraries Labour councillors plan to keep open, just one is within the Sheffield Hallam constituency.

Nick Clegg MP, said: “I’m calling on Labour councillors to listen to the thousands of Sheffielders who are making their voices heard. Local communities in my area are overwhelmingly against Labour’s proposal to close their local library, and I’m right behind them. “There is £31m in owed council tax outstanding. If they got on top of this libraries could stay open without the need for cuts elsewhere. It’s about time they got their act together for the sake of our local libraries. “Labour could keep local libraries open if they had the will, but they think they can get away with blaming someone else.”

ger for an EPC. The same argument ap- mercial tenancy agreement mean? plies to electric lighting. A: It is possible for a Landlord and Tenant to agree before entering into a commerQ: Is an EPC required in a Private sale of cial Lease that it will not continue when it Property? comes to an end and the Tenant will have A: An energy performance certificate no right to renew under the provisions of (EPC) will be required where a building is the Landlord and Tenant Act 1954. If your sold by private sale unless the building is Lease is contracted out you have no right an exempt building. to renew; it is purely a matter of negotiaUnder regulation 6 of the Energy Perform- tion what terms you may be able to agree ance of Buildings (England and Wales) with the Landlord after the Lease has Regulations 2012 (EPB Regulations 2012) come to an end. the requirement to provide an EPC is triggered where a building is to be sold (or Disclaimer: Please note, these answers are rented out). for general information only and they do not amount as specialist advice. If you want to Q: What does ‘Contracting out’ of a com- seek advice, please contact your solicitor.

HELP FOR PEOPLE HIT BY BEDROOM TAX Council leaders have pledged to support any residents hit by the “bedroom tax” after it was discovered a large number of people may have been wrongly asked to pay it. The tax is part of a raft of welfare reforms introduced by the Government last year. The “Bedroom Tax” sees benefit reductions of up to 25 per cent for working age social housing tenants who the Government deem to have more bedrooms than they need. This tax affects thousands of people across the city, but Sheffield City Council has already identified a number of council tenants who have had to pay it, but may not have needed to pay it. They are now seeking recompense for

these tenants and are advising those who think they may be effected by this to contact their landlord. By contacting social landlords directly, the council can then co-ordinate with these landlords to capture all cases as efficiently as possible. City leaders will take further action to identify more people who may also have been wrongly hit by this new tax. Council steps include identifying those who have had their housing benefit reduced when it should not have been due to Government errors. And non-council social landlords have also been asked to identify their tenants who they believe meet the criteria that would allow housing benefit to be

reinstated. The council move comes after the Department of Work and Pensions announced an error when drafting the legislation. This means that tenants are exempt from the penalty if they have been continuously entitled to housing benefit at the same property since 1 January 1996 (except for any period where a fire, flood, explosion or natural catastrophe made the property uninhabitable). Breaks in Housing Benefit of up to a total of four weeks, and rent free weeks, are ignored. The Government is now working to change the legislation. The exemptions are not expected to apply to the majority of tenants in Sheffield.

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20 MPH SPEED LIMITS LAUNCHED Seven new 20 mph areas are being introduced to improve safety around schools and residential areas in Sheffield. The first four areas are now in operation and are targeted around Lowedges Primary School, Woodthorpe Community Primary School, Parson Cross around Southey Green Primary School and Crookesmoor around Westways Primary School. Three more 20 mph areas are due to be introduced by March. The roll-out of 20 mph speed limits are to be introduced in appropriate residential areas rather than along individual roads. Classified roads, major bus routes and roads with an existing speed limit of 40 mph or more would generally not be subject to the new limit. Entrances to each 20 mph area will be marked by speed limit signs and road markings, with additional small signs mounted on lamp posts within the area to remind drivers of the new limit. Pupils from the schools have received road safety lessons and have been involved in designing banners to remind motorists to take extra care when

driving in the 20 mph areas. Schools have been encouraged to spread the word amongst parents by handing out pledge cards and there are prizes available to those who return them and for their schools. A publicity campaign to raise awareness amongst local residents and motorists who drive through the 20 mph areas is being launched by the Council. Councillor Leigh Bramall, the Council’s Cabinet Member for Business, Skills and Development said: “The Council has invested a lot in road safety, having reinstated school entrance safety schemes and is rolling out a programme of enforced zig-zag lines around schools. 20 mph zones are an important part of this and we aim to roll them out across the entire city in all suitable residential areas.” Reductions in speed following the introduction of ‘traffic signonly’ 20 mph speed limits are expected to be small to start with, so there will be an ongoing campaign to explain the benefits of reducing speed in residential areas.

Sachin Tendulkar And Amitabh Bachchan In Top Ten Most Admired List

Microsoft founder and philanthropist Bill Gates is the most admired person in the world, narrowly edging out US President Barack Obama for the top spot, according to a new survey. Mr Gates, well known for donating large sums of money to

charitable organisations and scientific research, is highly regarded everywhere, the survey by YouGov for The Times found. Third most admired person was Russian leader Vladimir Putin, followed by Pope Francis and Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar. The Queen was the most admired woman in the world, in

LOCAL BUSINESS SUPPORTS THE COMMUNITY Its always good to see the outstanding work local businesses do in the community. We recently heard from William Ritchie, a teacher at St Patricks Catholic Voluntary Academy who told of the kindness of Mohammed Nazir of Wosskow Brown Solicitors. You may recognise the name of Mohammed Nazir, who has been writing for ILM News as a monthly contributor for the last 4 years. Apart from giving us invaluable information on the legal technicalities we all should know about, Mr Nazir has kindly given funds on behalf of Wosskow Brown to the school to purchase a Yamaha drum kit.

William Ritchie said “. On behalf Trinity College London”. of the school, we thank them very much for their generosity. The kit will be used to teach during music lessons and for a new drumming club that runs weekly. I have been playing the drums for 14 years and am keen to share what I have learned. The children at St Patricks are culturally diverse and it is an incredible experience to bring together rhythms from all over the world! Later in the year, the children from Drumming Club will get a chance to showcase what they have learned, and plans are already underway to enter pupils for their Debut Drum Grade with

Female Foetus Abortion ‘Widespread’ Abortion of female foetuses to prevent the birth of daughters and ensure that families have sons is widely practised in Britain's ethnic communities, it was claimed. Terminations based on sex have led to the "disappearance" of between 1,400 and 4,700 females from the national census records of England and Wales, The Independent said. According to an investigation by the newspaper the practice is so widespread that it has tipped the natural 50-50 ratio balance of boys to girls within some immigrant groups. Abortions on the grounds of

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gender are illegal in Britain. But an analysis of data from the 2011 national census - broken down by country of birth of both father and mother - revealed anomalies in the ratios of children's sexes in some immigrant families which The Independent said can only be easily explained by the abortion of female foetuses, with the hope of then quickly becoming pregnant with a boy. A study of data from the Office for National Statistics commissioned by the newspaper revealed that in two-child families of some first-generation immigrants, having elder daugh-

ters significantly increased the chances of the second child being male. The sex ratio of having a boy as the second child was heavily biased in families with mothers born in Pakistan and Afghanistan, with some evidence of similar for mothers from Bangladesh. Such an imbalance in the sex ratio should not occur naturally, The Independent said. Experts said there were two possible explanations - genderbased abortion, or women continuing to have children until the birth of a son.

17th place, closely followed by Angelina Jolie and Oprah Winfrey, in a list in which women were said to be strikingly underrepresented. YouGov spoke to a total of 13,895 people in 13 countries around the world, using a mix of internet and mobile phone surveys - and concluded that if the survey had been conducted a month earlier, Nelson Mandela would have come top. Countries taking part were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia,

the US, Australia, Pakistan, Indonesia, India, China, Egypt, Nigeria and Brazil. Top 10 (world): 1 Bill Gates; 2 Barack Obama; 3 Vladimir Putin; 4 Pope Francis; 5 Sachin Tendulkar; 6 Xi Jinping; 7 Narendra Modi; 8 Warren Buffett; 9 Amitabh Bachchan; 10 Abdul Kalam. Top 10 (UK): 1 Queen Elizabeth II; 2 Barack Obama; 3 Pope Francis; 4 Sir Richard Branson; 5 The Dalai Lama; 6 Desmond Tutu; 7 Stephen Fry; 8 Bill Gates; 9 Prince William; 10 David Beckham.

Growing Old? Enjoy Life To Stay Fit Enjoying life as you grow old not only makes you happy, it also helps you walk faster and stay fit. Older people who enjoy life more show slower declines in physical function as they age in comparison with people who enjoy life less. Research shows that older people enjoying life are less likely to develop impairments in activities of daily living such as dressing or getting in or out of bed, and their walking speed declines at a slower rate than those who enjoy life less. Having a link between positive well-being and physical well-being – has a rel-

evant effect on disability and mobility in older people. Not surprisingly, people with chronic illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, stroke and depression had lower levels of enjoyment of life, the study noted. People with low well-being were more than three times as likely as their positive counterparts to develop problems in their daily physical activities. Efforts to enhance well-being at older ages may have benefits to society and health care systems.

Hum TV Moves A Step Closer For UK Launch Media regulator Ofcom has awarded Hum Network a licence to broadcast it’s channel, Hum TV in the UK. The popular Pakistani channel is expected to launch next month on the Sky Digital platform. Hum TV’s UK launch rumours have been going on for several months but this time the launch is more serious than ever before to reach out to British audiences. In Pakistan, Hum Network broadcasts three channels – Hum TV, Masala TV and Hum

Sitarey. The UK service is likely to be a hybrid channel featuring content from all three Hum channels.

Hum TV’s content received a huge push last year in the UK after a strategic deal with IndiaCast allowed it to broadcast shows like ‘Humsafar’ and ‘Mera Naseeb’ on Rishtey. All shows from Hum TV broadcast on Rishtey have proved to be successful in the ratings for the channel. The network is keeping quiet on the launch until an official launch but if things go as planned, Hum TV will be available in UK by mid-February.

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IMPORTANT ASPECTS TO CONSIDER PRIOR TO STARTING A BUSINESS Amar Saleem

Business Development Manager Sheffield Chamber of Commerce

Email: amar.saleem@scci.org.uk

Important Aspects to Consider Prior to help would-be entrepreneurs thinking sible about your business and how you but the very best business schemes are Starting a Business of going into business for themselves: plan to reach your customers. often a slight twist on what is already in the market-place. The real trick is to be Starting out in business can be a daunt- 1 Even before you get started you 3 Always do your homework. Having faster, better, cheaper and more coning task but the rewards are there for need to be brutally honest with your- confidence in yourself and what you are venient than any of your competitors. everyone to see, the biggest hurdle self. You need to ask the question doing is great but blind faith can be a is taking that first step! Many people whether you possess the necessary fatal mistake. Detailed research is vital 5 When you are starting out don’t started out with nothing more than a qualities to be an entrepreneur. Is there and the more information and knowl- get carried away with the things that phone, a copy of the Yellow Pages and real hunger, courage and self-belief in edge you have on your side the higher are not central to the business proposia broom cupboard sized office with your personal make-up? If there is even the chances are that you will enjoy the tion. Instead of worrying about decoratno windows and have reached dizzy a tiny grain of doubt then the answer is results. Talk to everyone, use the inter- ing the office or choosing the company heights – so what is it that’s stopping probably no. net and take a close look at the opposi- logo concentrate on landing that first you? tion – it will all help in the long run. sale or order. The rest will come in time 2 Always have confidence in yourself but in the beginning the most imporWhilst I don’t believe there is a magic and in your abilities but always be pre- 4 Do you have a unique selling point tant thing is to get the business up and formula to guarantee you success, there pared to listen to other people’s advice that will bring the customers flocking to running and the customers interested are some common themes. Here are and ideas. The only way you can do that buy your product or service? There are in what you have to offer them. When some of my top tips that I believe will is by talking to as many people as pos- very few truly original ideas out there in doubt keep your overheads to a mini-

mum but never come across as cheap. 6 In terms of marketing and promoting your business it is probably the best time to capture a big audience as we now have social media in full flow – so literally you have a global target audience through the likes of Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube and Facebook and the great thing is most of it is free! There is no doubting starting your own enterprise is a risk but if your not willing to take it how will you ever know? Some of the most successful business people failed many times before they succeeded but the one thing they all have in common is they took the risk!

“I have a dream” – Martin Luther King Day Martin Luther King Day is a federal holiday observed on the third Monday of January to commemorate the life and accomplishments of Martin Luther King Jr., most renowned for his campaigns to end racial discrimination on public transport and for racial equality in the United States. Born on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. is considered the historical civil rights leader the world has ever produced. He has the honor of becoming the youngest person at the age of 35 to win the Nobel Peace prize. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968 while delivering a speech from the balcony of his hotel room in Memphis, Tennessee. His birthday became a National Holiday by an act of Congress in 1983. This day also reminds the importance of community services. To celebrate this special day, King's iconic "I Have a Dream" speech text can be read below: ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

“It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment” It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check — a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak It would be fatal for the nation to overlook to end the long night of their captivity. the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discon“We can never be satisfied as long tent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro dignity” needed to blow off steam and will now be But one hundred years later, the Negro still content will have a rude awakening if the is not free. One hundred years later, the life nation returns to business as usual. There of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the will be neither rest nor tranquility in Amermanacles of segregation and the chains of ica until the Negro is granted his citizenship discrimination. One hundred years later, rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continthe Negro lives on a lonely island of pov- ue to shake the foundations of our nation erty in the midst of a vast ocean of mate- until the bright day of justice emerges. rial prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of But there is something that I must say to my American society and finds himself an exile people who stand on the warm threshold in his own land. So we have come here to- which leads into the palace of justice. In day to dramatize a shameful condition. the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let In a sense we have come to our nation's us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom capital to cash a check. When the archi- by drinking from the cup of bitterness and tects of our republic wrote the magnificent hatred. words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a We must forever conduct our struggle on promissory note to which every American the high plane of dignity and discipline. We was to fall heir. This note was a promise must not allow our creative protest to de-

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generate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. They have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone. As we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied, as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating "For Whites Only". We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream. I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive.

will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, I have a dream that one day even the state to stand up for freedom together, knowing of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the that we will be free one day. heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an This will be the day when all of God's chiloasis of freedom and justice. dren will be able to sing with a new meaning, "My country, 'tis of thee, sweet land I have a dream that my four little children of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fawill one day live in a nation where they will thers died, land of the pilgrim's pride, from not be judged by the color of their skin but every mountainside, let freedom ring." by the content of their character. And if America is to be a great nation this I have a dream today. must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. “We hold these truths to Let freedom ring from the mighty mounbe self-evident: that all tains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvamen are created equal.” nia! Let freedom ring from the snowcapped I have a dream that one day, down in Ala- Rockies of Colorado! Let freedom ring from bama, with its vicious racists, with its gover- the curvaceous slopes of California! But nor having his lips dripping with the words not only that; let freedom ring from Stone of interposition and nullification; one day Mountain of Georgia! Let freedom ring right there in Alabama, little black boys and from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee! Let black girls will be able to join hands with lit- freedom ring from every hill and molehill of tle white boys and white girls as sisters and Mississippi. From every mountainside, let brothers. freedom ring. I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in I have a dream today. the valley of despair. I have a dream that one day every valley I say to you today, my friends, so even shall be exalted, every hill and mountain though we face the difficulties of today and shall be made low, the rough places will tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord deeply rooted in the American dream. shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it I have a dream that one day this nation will together. rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evi- This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we dent: that all men are created equal."

And when this happens, when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"

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