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Grooming Of Children As Young As five Triples

5,161 online grooming offences were recorded by police in England and Wales in the 18 months to September 2018, a charity has found. The NSPCC said police figures suggested Instagram, Facebook and Snapchat had been used in 70% of cases of sexual communication with a child since it became an offence in April 2017. It wants new laws to force social media firms to do more to protect children. Facebook and Instagram said they "aggressively fight" such content. The NSPCC said 39 of the 43 police forces in England and Wales had responded to Freedom of Information requests, with only Surrey, Sussex, Northampton and City of London police failing to provide data. In the first 18 months since the crime of sexual communication with a child came into force in 2017, a total of 5,161 such crimes were recorded by the police, with 1,944 recorded in the six months between April and September 2018. The NSPCC said Instagram, Facebook and Snapchat had been used in 70% of the 1,317 cases in that six-month period where police had recorded the method used. Instagram was used in 32% of cases, Facebook in 23% and Snapchat in 14%. Where police forces recorded age and gender, seven in 10 victims were girls aged 12 to 15. One in five was 11 or under. The youngest child recorded was five years old. The charity has urged the government to "tame the Wild West Web" by bringing in regulation to protect children on social networks. A National Crime Agency spokesman said: “It is vital that online platforms used by children and young people have in place robust mechanisms and processes to prevent, identify and report sexual exploitation and abuse, including online grooming. “Children and young people also need easy access to mechanisms allowing them to alert platforms to potential offending.”

UK, Pakistan Discuss Security Situation British Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Jeremy Hunt called Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi and discussed regional security situation in the aftermath of the Indian aggression. This was Hunt's second telephone call to the Foreign Minister in the last three days. Foreign Minister Qureshi briefed the British Secretary of State on the Indian aggression against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Pakistan. He said the Indian attack was in gross violation of the international law while Pakistan responded in self defence from within its own airspace. Shah Mehmood Qureshi said Pakistan wants to de-escalate the situation and is ready to engage in dialogue. He urged the United Kingdom to play its due role in bringing down tensions between Pakistan and India. British Secretary of State expressed concern at the current situ-



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£380,000 For Parks Sheffield City Council will spend £380,000 on improving at least 11 more parks across the city, in the next financial year, despite nine years of budget cuts. More than 800 parks and green spaces across the city are maintained by Sheffield City Council, providing important leisure and recreation facilities to people in all areas of Sheffield. The council is working with local communities to support much-needed improvements at 11 parks and green spaces, to make them safer, cleaner and more accessible, for everyone to use and enjoy. 10 of these locations will also see improved play and recreational facilities with the aim of encouraging children and families to be more active in the great outdoors. The improvements are part of a programme of work that aims to deliver better quality green spaces across Sheffield that can contribute to getting people more active, and therefore support the health and wellbeing of people in the city. Parks that are planned for improvement this year include Lydgate Lane Open Space, Osgathorpe Park, Darnall Community Park, Phillimore Park and Broadfield Road Open Space, Wensley Street Playground, Nottingham Cliff Recreation Ground, Denholme Close Playground, The Ponderosa and Philadelphia Gardens. In the last nine years, the council has had to find savings of £460million, changing how many services are delivered to cover Government cuts and the rising cost of social care pressures. But, the authority understands that investment in outdoor spaces contributes to improvements in health and wellbeing and to the councils objective of addressing health inequality.

Sheffield Named One Of Best Places In Country To Live – If You’re Under 26 Sheffield has been named as one of the best places in Britain to live – for young people, according to a new survey. The study ranked the best and worst places in Britain to live if you’re under 26 – and Sheffield scored highly in a number of areas – but was also way behind many other places across the UK. Sheffield is one of the best places in the country for young people to live. The BBC survey gave Sheffield an average score of 7 out of 10 for how good the area was for young people – putting it level with places like Leeds, Lincoln and Hull locally and ahead of Doncaster, Rotherham and Barnsley. The city was praised for its mental health care and youth population but scored lowly in areas such as sports facilities and going out. Melton in Leices-

tershire was at the bottom of a list of places to live for under 26s. The list ranked 378 local authorities in England, Wales and Scotland from highest to lowest. Islington in London came top of the rankings SHEFFIELD’S SCORES 4G coverage: 7/10 Bus services: 6/10 Going out: 5/10 Employment: 7/10 Mental health care: 10/10 Wild land (proportion of area that is natural land): 7/10 Rent: 8/10 Sports facilities: 2/10 Youth population: 9/10 Percentage aged 16-25: 18% Number of young people moving in to area: 2,784 Average score: 7/10

Well Known Traffic System In Sheffield Set To Be Scrapped A skyline traffic system in Sheffield is to be scrapped because it keeps breaking. Heeley motorists have spent almost 40 years being directed by huge illuminated ticks and crosses hanging above Queens Road. But the gantry system has been plagued by problems and will now be dismantled and replaced with two lanes for traffic in one direction and two lanes for traffic in the opposite direction. The lights, described as a tidal traffic management system, have been over the A61 London Road to Queens Road since 1981 and vary the number of lanes according to the time of day. It originally covered the length between Thirlwell Road and St Wilfrid’s Road but this was later reduced due to safety concerns and rising maintenance costs. It now covers Broadfield Road to St Wilfrid’s Road but the three defunct overhead gantries remain in place. The council reports that the signs require significant amendment, the method of operation doesn’t meet current standards, the system is a considerable maintenance liability and periodic malfunctions have a hugely detrimental impact on the highway network. On average, the tidal flow system is out of action, i.e a lane is closed to all traffic, once a month due to either critical lamp failures or communications problems. Any like-for-like replacement system is unlikely to be feasible. To remove the system altogether will save £250,000. Work will include removing all nine overhead gantries, reassigning traffic lanes, altering the timing of traffic signals and altering the junction of London Road and Queens Road with Wolseley Road. Two full-time inbound and two full-time outbound lanes will be created on Queens Road. The system will start to be replaced during the spring bank holiday in May to give drivers a chance to get used to the new lane changes. The gantries will be removed, the junction with Wolseley Road is to be altered and the carriageways and footways will be resurfaced during the school summer holidays.

Ultra Low Taxi Charge Points To Be Installed In City Centre A bid to the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV) for nearly £500,000 to deliver 20 rapid charge points in and around the city centre from its Ultra-Low Emission Taxi Infrastructure Scheme has been successful, meaning the points will be installed across the city in the coming year. Rapid chargers are the fastest way to charge an electric vehicle; able to recharge a car to 80 per cent within 20-40 minutes. Sheffield City Council has announced ambitions for more than 90 per cent of the Hackney Black Cab Taxi fleet to be Ultra Low Emission vehicles by 2021, as well as almost all of the city’s Private Hire Vehicles. It is calling on further funding from government to deliver pollutionbusting Clean Air Zone proposals which brings Sheffield’s air quality within acceptable levels by 2021, including financial support for owners of older and more polluting taxis and other vehicles to upgrade. It is estimated that more than 800 ultra-low emission black cabs and more than 3,000 ultra-low emission private hire vehicles will benefit from the new charge-points nationally, supporting a shift towards cleaner, greener transport.

UK Employment Hits Another Record High The number of people in work in the UK has continued to climb, with a record 32.6 million employed between October and December, the latest Office for National Statistics figures show. Unemployment was little-changed in the three-month period at 1.36 million. The jobless rate, remaining at 4%, is at its lowest since early 1975. Weekly average earnings went up by 3.4% to £494.50 in the year to December - after adjusting for inflation, that is the highest level since March 2011. The number of people in work between October and December was up 167,000 from the previous quarter and 444,000 higher than at the same time in 2017. The employment rate - defined as the proportion of people aged from 16 to 64 who are working - was estimated at 75.8%, higher than the 75.2% from a year earlier and the joint-highest figure since comparable estimates began in 1971.

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Consequences For Drivers Who Evade Vehicle Tax DVLA has launched a new advertising campaign in 11 areas around the country targeting drivers who haven’t taxed their vehicles. The message is clear to motorists – if you don’t tax your vehicle on time, DVLA will take action: tax it or lose it. 11 areas of the UK have been targeted where vehicle tax evasion is highest (based on the number of enforcement actions that took place in 2018). Sheffield has seen 3,987 clamped vehicles, 25,291

fines or penalties - a total of 29,278 in 2018. The advertising campaign focuses on the consequences of not taxing your vehicle – from financial penalties to court action to clamping and finally the loss of a car. A giant clamp at the centre of the campaign image reflects the fact that DVLA take enforcement action against untaxed vehicles on streets across the country and it will happen to you if you don’t tax your vehicle on time. DVLA said: This campaign has a clear message for anyone who flouts the law in this way – tax it or lose it. It’s never been easier to tax your car, so there really is no excuse. We would rather not have to clamp or remove vehicles, but this campaign highlights the consequences of not taxing a vehicle. Having your vehicle clamped is expensive and inconvenient – and you could end up losing your car. Motorists can go online, 24 hours a day, to tax a vehicle or check whether their vehicle tax is up to date.

5.5 Million Britons Will Suffer With Diabetes By 2030 Almost 4 million are affected by the killer condition with that number set to rocket to 5.5 million by 2030. New figures show one in 10 people aged over 40 is now battling a lifelong condition that can lead to blindness, amputations, heart disease and kidney failure. At least another million have the debilitating disease, but are yet to be diagnosed, while 12.5 million are at increased risk because of unhealthy lifestyles. In some parts of the UK - including Bradford, Birmingham and Leicester - 10 per cent of the population has the disease. The epidemic has promoted calls for urgent action. The age of diagnosis is tumbling and of the 5.5 million diagnoses projected for 2030, thousands will still be children and hundreds of thousands in their early twenties. That will be truly shocking and effectively preventing it should be addressed as soon as possible. Some good news is that health education is to be beefed up in school curricula from next year and teaching children about Type 2 must be mandatory. Telling them they could lose a leg or go blind from the disease if they fail to look after their health might seem extreme, but it is the truth. The disease is now so widespread it afflicts almost every age group. However,Type 2 is much more aggressive in children and young people than adults, with a higher overall risk of complications appearing much earlier. The risk of devel-

Sheffield’s Mayor Announces He Will Stand Down Sheffield's flamboyant mayor Magid Magid is to stand down at the local elections in May, he's announced. A former refugee, Mr Magid says he will not seek re-election when his current term ends and is leaving to concentrate on new projects. Mr Magid is the city's first Somali mayor, first Green Party mayor, and, at 28, was the youngest mayor. He said it had been an "absolute honour and privilege" to represent the Broomhill and Sharrow Vale ward. He shook up the establishment with his trainers, t-shirts and baseball caps and his use of social media to reach out to younger

voters. He introduced poets, musicians and comedians to entertain full council meetings and it became a tradition for him to wear a different hat as he chaired the meeting. Mr Magid said: "Meeting so many amazing people and solving problems, to then see the impact it has on people, is truly fulfilling. It has been the most rewarding thing I have ever done. "Regardless of what I do post- I will always have my community and Sheffield at the heart of it," he added.

oping the condition is significantly increased by being overweight or obese. Symptoms include going to the toilet regularly, being thirsty, feeling more tired than usual and weight loss all of which can be easily missed. By the time it is diagnosed one in three people already have complications with their eyes, feet, kidneys or nerves with some needing their limbs amputated. There were 26,378 diabetes-related lower limb amputations in England between 2014 and 2017, an increase of one fifth compared to those carried out between 2010 and 2013. Three in five adults are now overweight or obese, the single greatest risk factor for developing the condition. NHS figures show that in 2016-17 there were 617,000 hospital admissions where obesity was a factor, an increase of nearly one fifth in a year. More than one fifth of children are obese or overweight in their first year of primary school, rising to one in three by the time they leave. Diabetes UK is now calling on the food industry to take responsibility and help drive down the nation’s sugar, salt and fat consumption. The charity said: ‘We need to encourage healthy living by providing clear and easy to understand nutritional information about the products we are all buying, and especially foods high in fat, salt and sugar. ‘We are urging the industry to show they are serious about fighting obesity and helping customers make healthier decisions. ‘We want them to ensure that information about the nutritional contents of food consumers buy in restaurants, cafes and takeaways is easily accessible and understandable.’ Department of Health officials are considering a raft of measures to reduce obesity, including mandatory calorie labelling and bans on promotions on foods that are high in sugar and fat. Food firms and restaurants have also been told to cut their calorie content by a fifth by 2024, by reducing portion sizes or changing the ingredients. But pressure is mounting for tighter regulations after Dame Sally Davies, the Government’s chief medical officer, admitted that a series of voluntary agreements with the industry had failed. Diabetes costs the NHS almost £9billion a year and sufferers occupy one in six hospital beds at any one time.

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A HUMBLE HIDDEN GEM Eating places like Apna Style are few and far between. I almost don't want to tell you about this little gem hidden away in S8 for fear that you'll all start coming and pack out the place. It's too small for all of you curry lovers to come at once! But, I'm a believer in telling people good news when there's good news to be told so here goes. Apna Style is easily missed. Its humble appearance outside is to my mind an indicator of great food within. As they say: "Hathi kay dant khanay kay or dikhanay kay or" ("Never judge a book by its cover")

Andy Stovell

for the wait (they tell you). But if we're talking fresh food with fresh ingredients then I would expect nothing less. Great food is "Best food I've had from any eating establishment hands down! Proper home cooking, literally the best. Traditional North Indian worth the wait. / Pakistani food, very under rated! I'd definitely visit every time If you're like me and prefer medium spiced food then be sure to I'm in the area, beats any high end restaurant etc lovely staff and ask for mild to medium. My medium chicken handi last night was deserves all the praise." definitely at the upper end of medium spicy! But amazing still! Every meal I have had so far in Apna Style has had that powerful Review by Andy Stovell. memory-evoking effect on me: I am immediately transported in ~ 'I'm just a beggar telling other beggars where to find bread' ~ my mind back to Azad Kashmir where I have spent many happy times with friends in great eating houses. This is truly traditional | 27 Wolseley Road, Sheffield, S8 0ZT | Mon - Sun: 11am - 11pm cooking at its best. My all time favourite has got to be their Sajji Chargah. An exquisitely flavoured whole chicken oven-cooked to succulent perfection in their clay tandoor. Eaten with their hot fresh roti it is the favourite of so many of their customers. (That and their famous biryani) It's always good to finish a great curry with doodh pati (milky Asian tea). They will serve you one without charge. Again the taste took me right back to that crowded tea shop in Mirpur just off Chowk Shaheedan. Authentic!

It is often the case in my experience that restaurants that rely on bling often fail to deliver the quality and taste of a more simple establishment committed to desi style cooking. People still talk with fondness of the legendary Kashmir curry centre on Spital Hill that closed in 2010. Remember 'Paul' (Basharat) and his no frills approach? Just bare tables and a 'workmen's cafe' atmosphere but incredible home cooked curries. I would put Apna Style in that category: Truly delicious traditional home-cooked Pakistani food in plain surroundings. But there's a homeliness and welcome to Apna Style that you won't find in the big 'chrome and velvet’ establishments. That's due to Amjad and The 119 Google reviews for Apna Style give a his great staff. Look out for waiter Almass who will look after you stunning average of 4.8 stars out of 5 ! Only one other curry establishment has that high a score and serve like you really matter. Be sure to tip him! in Sheffield (as far as I can see) and that place There's a great variety of dishes on offer. Each day of the week has only 57 reviews and only 2 or 3 Asian cuschef Pattu makes one of his classic dishes as the special of the day. tomers who know the real deal when it comes e.g. Sunday is 'Paya Day' and Monday is 'Nihari Day'. (Unlike the to home-cooked desi style food. dear old Kashmir where the 'daily special' was reputed to have I'll let "A.K." one of Apna Style's Google reviewbeen "chicken curry" for 20 years!). Some dishes need 20-30 minutes of preparation so be prepared ers have the last say:

Council Updates Parking Prices People who drive a low-polluting “green” vehicle or are a residential carer in Sheffield will no longer have to pay for a permit to do so. So-called green permits, which also include free parking for Sheffield City Council controlled city centre car parks and on-street pay and display bays, will be reduced from £100 a year to zero for Ultra Low Emission Vehicles, while residential carers’ permits will also be provided free. Parking permits are also set to be increased for the first time in seven years, with additional increases for people who own more than one car. But parking in the city centre remains cheaper or comparable to every other core city across the UK, including Leeds, Nottingham and Birmingham. Sheffield’s rates are also cheaper than many of the fees charged in nearby areas. It comes after a series of improvements to the way people park in Sheffield – as well as ways to help keep people safe across the city. New pay and display machines man people can now use chip and pin cards to pay, whilst the CCTV camera car is helping monitor driver behaviour outside schools and helping to keep children safe. New parking fees and charges are set to be brought in on April 1 following the publication of the city’s parking strategy in January last year. Under the new pricing structure, set to be brought in on April 1, 2019. Parking will increase from £1 for the first half hour to £1.30 from Monday to Saturday from 8am to 8.30pm, or £2 for up to four

hours or on Sundays (up from £1 per day) in Central Zone 1. Parking in central zone 2 will increase from £1 per hour to £1.30 per hour from 8am to 8.30pm Mondays to Saturdays; £2 from 4,30pm to 8.30pm and £2 for Sunday parking. Parking in central zone three will now be £1.30 per hour or £6.50 for all day parking, or £2 from 4,30pm to 8.30pm and £2 for Sunday parking. Off-street parking rates will also increase by 30p per hour; short-stay all-day tariffs will increase to £5 a day and long-stay tariffs to £6.50 per day. Permit prices, last reviewed when the scheme was introduced TEN years ago, will increase by 30 per cent, with exceptions for green permits and residential carers permits. A standard first residential permit will now cost £46.80 Dispensations and bay suspensions will also increase from £10 per day to £15 per day – the same as Rotherham and £5 cheaper than Doncaster. Benchmarking with other core cities such as Leeds, Manchester, Nottingham and Newcastle has shown that on-street charges in the city centres highest demand areas currently range from £2-£3 per hour. Sheffield’s highest tariff will be £2.60 per hour. Some cities offer discounted parking in the evening. Leeds charge £3 to park between 6pm and 8pm. In Sheffield this will be £2 from 4.30pm to 8.30pm. Cities such as Manchester and Birmingham charge the same for parking on a Sunday as they do Monday to Saturday. All core cities charge more than Sheffield for Sunday parking. Leeds is the next lowest tariff at £5 for all day parking on a Sunday.

Secondary Schools Urged To Join CPR Training Yorkshire Ambulance are inviting secondary schools to register for Restart a Heart Day, to be held 16 October, offering CPR training to over 30,000 students. Over the last five years on Restart a Heart Day, Yorkshire Ambulance Service has provided free CPR training to more than 105,000 youngsters at 72% of the secondary schools across Yorkshire. Currently in the UK, less than one (8.6%) in ten people survive a cardiac arrest. If we achieved the same survival rates of countries like Norway (25%), where CPR is taught in schools, an additional 100 lives could be saved each week - the equivalent of approximately 5,000 every year. Sponsored by the Yorkshire Ambulance Service Charity, the event is delivered in partnership with the Resuscitation Council (UK), British Heart Foundation

(BHF) and St John Ambulance. The equipment required will be provided free of charge by the BHF and there will be certificates of completion for all participating pupils.

Drivers Hit By Sky-High Fees At UK Airport Drop-Offs A 30-minute stay at London Stansted’s drop-off and pick-up area costs an eye-watering £25, while parking up for just five minutes will see them slapped with a £3.50 charge. Analysis of drop-off prices at the country’s 30 busiest airports found most drivers face fees regardless of

how long they stay, with just three airports offering free parking for up to 30 minutes. Guernsey, London City and Newquay offer the best value, while Cardiff, Norwich and Inverness don’t charge for shorter stays of up to 10 minutes. At the other end of the scale, London Luton is only marginally cheaper than Stansted, charging £3 for a five-minute stay and a sky-high £23 for a longer half-hour wait. Many airports do offer cheaper – or even free – drop-off and pick-up locations, but many of these are located away from the terminal and offer require a shuttle service or lengthy walk. The advice is to check parking fees and time limits well before setting out for an airport so as to avoid a nasty shock. Always check the arrival time for the flight number your passengers are flying in on, bearing in mind the time it takes to leave the plane, pick up luggage, and get to the dropoff area itself.

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UK Beats Winter Record Again The UK has broken the record for its warmest winter day for the second consecutive day, with a temperature of 21.2°C in Kew Gardens, London. It was the first time temperatures of over 20C had been reported in winter, breaking a record that had stood since 1998. It means parts of Britain have been hotter than destinations such as Ibiza. These conditions come instead from the tropical Atlantic and parts of north Africa. Last February, temperatures in the UK plunged as low as -11.7C. The BBC Weather Centre said it was likely to be one of the warmest Februaries since records began in 1878. Scientists such as those at the Met Office were usually reluctant to link individual heatwaves, storms or floods directly to climate change without a specific study to prove it. But research had shown that events

like last summer's heatwave were made more likely by the rising levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The unusually high temperatures have prompted hedgehogs to come out of hibernation, butterflies to emerge and migrating birds such as swallows and house martins to arrive more than a month early. Trees such as field maples and European larches have also been budding early, according to the Woodland Trust. The warm weather is in stark contrast to February 2018, when the so-called "Beast from the East" brought freezing temperatures and heavy snow, with 21cm recorded on the last day of the month. Then, high pressure moving north into Scandinavia drew cold air towards the UK from Siberia.

Parliament To Decide Between ‘No Deal’ And Delay UK lawmakers backed a plan by Prime Minister Theresa May that could result in a delay to the country's planned exit from the European Union. More than 500 MPs voted in favor of a motion by Labour Party MP Yvette Cooper that voiced support for the three-step plan, which foresees parliament voting a second time on a revised version of May's Brexit deal by March 12. If the deal is defeated, parliament would then vote on whether to leave the EU without a deal or delay its departure date. The vote came a day after May presented her plan to lawmakers. Despite the defeat of his party's amendment, leader Jeremy Corbyn said Labour would continue to push for other options "including a close economic relationship based on our credible alternative plan or a general elec-

tion." But Corbyn also said a second Brexit referendum would be on the table. "We will back a public vote in order to prevent a damaging Tory Brexit or a disastrous no deal outcome," he said. Corbyn's remarks followed a Labour statement that it would sponsor or support a second vote if the party's amendment was rejected in Parliament. German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that Germany and France "agree completely" that the already-negotiated withdrawal agreement between the EU and the UK stands. However, she added that the EU would not refuse the UK more time, if an extension was requested. "If Britain needs a bit more time, we will not refuse that, but we are aiming for an orderly solution — an orderly withdrawal by the British from the European Union," she said.

Hospital Admissions For ‘Victorian Diseases’ Soar Hospital admissions for vitamin D deficiency and rickets have risen by a third in just one year, figures show. The NHS Digital data, shows that children under the age of nine were among those admitted to English hospitals for malnutrition and rickets. Vitamin D is essential for bone health and preventing rickets, and is often called the sunshine vitamin. The body can get its vitamin D from sunlight and diet, but the UK's poor weather has prompted experts to say adults and children should take a supplement. Some 284,901 hospital admissions in 2017/18 were for "Victorian diseases" such as gout, scurvy, vitamin D deficiency and rickets - a 24% rise on the year before. Almost all these cases were young children, with 332 admissions for rickets in children aged nine and under, up from 324 the year before. A further 80 admissions for rickets were among those aged 10 to 19, up from 67 the year before. The NHS data for 2017/18 also shows huge numbers of people - both young and old being admitted to hospital with malnutrition. In 2017/18, there were 9,307 admis-

sions where malnutrition was a main or secondary factor, up on the 8,417 the previous year - with 739 having malnutrition as the primary cause. Meanwhile, nine admissions were for children aged nine and under who needed treatment for scurvy, up from four the year before. Among all age groups, scurvy was a primary or secondary cause of admission in 167 cases (up from 128 the year before). The Government must also seriously consider fortifying foods and milk with Vitamin D, as happens in several other countries. This simple, safe measure will ensure wider and better vitamin D coverage and protect the health of many more children without the reliance on supplementation. Public Health England recommends children aged one to four receive a supplement containing 10 micrograms (400 IU) of the vitamin daily. Adults should also consider taking a supplement in autumn and winter. The NHS Digital figures also show rises in admissions for gout, whooping cough, mumps and scarlet fever, but admissions for tuberculosis was down slightly.

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What Is The Pakistan And India Crisis All About? As Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan plans to hand back the captured Indian pilot in a “gesture of goodwill”, we look at what the historic tension between Pakistan and India is all about and where the geographical frontiers are. A serious escalation of tension has risen between Pakistan and India in the past week. India and Pakistani troops briefly traded fire along the disputed border in Kashmir on Thursday morning, following Pakistan shooting down an Indian plane and capturing a pilot on Wednesday. Khan had called for talks between the two nuclear-armed rivals in a televised address on Wednesday, saying: "Considering the nature of the weapons that both of us have, can we afford any miscalculation?" On Tuesday, India entered Pakistan’s airspace to shoot down a so-called militant group training camp. It all stems back to when Britain ruled the subcontinent as part of its empire. Upon its withdrawal, Britain drew borders that have left a legacy of division and bloodshed. Pakistan became the new homeland for the majority of British India’s Muslims (divided into two to include East Pakistan, itself gaining independence to become Bangladesh in 1971) while Hindu-majority India was given its own independent state. The most disputed border between Pakistan and India now runs through Kashmir. Pakistan believes it has claim to Kashmir because of the Muslim majority population living in Kashmir. Pakistan and India have fought three wars since independence from British colonial rule in 1947 - two over Kashmir and went to the brink of a fourth in 2002 after a Pakistani militant attack on India's parliament. Further complications arise in that China lays claim to small parts of Kashmir, but these have not been added into the maps for the sake of clarity and our focus on Pakistan-India tensions. A war hasn't erupted on the Pakistan-India Kashmir border since 1971, but residents in the area live in a constant state of alert. When two populists go to war, there is every chance their people will suffer more than they will. These are the stakes that face both the recently-elected Imran Khan in Pakistan and Narendra Modi, of the Hindu Nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in India, who is soon to face the electorate again. Prime Minister Imran Khan has reiterated Pakistan’s desire for peace and announced freeing the captured Indian pilot as a good will gesture for paving way to dialogue with the neighbouring country. To avoid escalating their current confrontation, the two prime ministers will have to face down the powerful pull of historic rivalries and mistrust, coupled with the more immediate needs of their own political careers. Both countries say they don't want war. The crisis has also led to chaos in the skies with passenger services to Europe cancelled and flights diverted. Numerous planes have been forced to avoid Pakistan following the closure of its airspace after two Indian military jets were shot down, meaning routes that would ordinarily take around two hours are now lasting longer than five. In terms of size, Pakistan is six times smaller, while India is vast and sprawling with a population of close to 1.3 billion. It is Pakistan's inherent geographic insecurity that drives every national security decision it takes -- and that includes supporting the Taliban in Afghanistan to give it "strategic depth" should India invade. India and Pakistan also share the world's highest battlefield on the Siachen Glacier in the Himalayas. There, just north of the end of the Line of Control, the two nations hold front line positions some 20,000 feet above sea level. But it is the low lying populist plains in its south that Pakistan most fears are weak to an Indian invasion. Lahore, the capital of Pakistan's breadbasket state Punjab, lies less than an hour's drive from the Wagah-Attari border and the towering flag-ceremony guards. Previous wars between Pakistan and India have been bloody and sometimes brief -- but once unleashed they have mostly been fought full throttle. The 1947 war resulted in the Line of Control being established. The second, in 1965, involved a face-off between armored vehicles, resulting in thousands of casualties. The 1971 war was the only one between the nations that didn't involve Kashmir, and resulted in the formation of Bangladesh. The last significant confrontation -- the Kargil War -- was in 1999. While Pakistan’s struggle with Islamist movements is well known, India’s recent history of swinging to the far right is less publicised – but no less dangerous.

For some time Mein Kampf has been one of the bestselling foreign titles in India. With the rise of the right-wing BJP government, Hindutva politics – what some would call Indian fascism – has permeated many parts of Indian society. As the belief spreads that India is first and foremost a Hindu state, hate crimes such as Muslim men being murdered for eating beef (cows are sacred to many Hindus) are an almost daily occurrence. And any Hindu girl rumoured to be entertaining any romantic interest in a Muslim boy will likely find her life is in danger. This goes right to the top. Prime minister Narendra Modi, famous for his warm diplomatic hugs, is a reported member of the RSS paramilitary group, the closest western equivalent of which is the Ku Klux Klan. Due to his role in the anti-Muslim Gujarat riots – that led to more than 1000 Muslim deaths – Modi was also banned from visiting the UK, the US and many countries in Europe. RSS and their allies have popularised “Saffron terror” – the idea Hindu nationalists must conduct terrorist attacks to preserve the Hindu character of India. This is a tradition that goes back to 1948 when an RSS member assassinated Mahatma Gandhi. More recently, Modi’s brethren in the group have incited anti-Muslim riots, attacked mosques and even put a price on the head of Christian pastors in the eastern Indian state of Orissa. Khan urged the international community to play its due role in defusing the crisis between Pakistan and India as the conflict between the nuclear armed neighbours could lead to devastating consequences. At the same time, Khan warned that any escalation on part of India will force Pakistan to retaliate in self-defence. Let us hope that between cool heads in the region, and intervention from the UN Security Council, war can be averted. With the sort of weapons they both have, neither India nor Pakistan can afford any miscalculation. And now enters Israel into the equation. The Independent newspaper reports that ”for months, Israel has been lining itself up alongside India’s nationalist BJP government in an unspoken – and politically dangerous – “anti-Islamist” coalition, an unofficial, unacknowledged alliance, while India itself has now become the largest weapons market for the Israeli arms trade.” Indian press has boasted the fact that Israeli-made Rafael Spice-2000 “smart bombs” were used by the Indian air force in its strike against Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) “terrorists” inside Pakistan. India was Israel’s largest arms client in 2017, paying £530m for Israeli air defence, radar systems and ammunition, including air-to-ground missiles – most of them tested during Israel’s military offensives against Palestinians and targets in Syria. So Zionist nationalism will leach into Hindu nationalism as Israel is supplying so many weapons to India – the latest of which India, which has enjoyed diplomatic relations with Israel since 1992, has already used against Islamists inside Pakistan. Signing up to the “war on terror” – especially “Islamist terror” – may seem natural for two states built on colonial partition whose security is threatened by Muslim neighbours. In both cases, their struggle is over the right to own or occupy territory. Israel, India and Pakistan all possess nuclear weapons. Another good reason not to let Palestine and Kashmir get tangled up together. And to leave India’s 180 million Muslims alone.

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Is The UK Household £1,500 Worse Off Since EU Referendum? By the end of 2018, real disposable income was £1,500 a year lower than the Office for Budget Responsibility forecasted pre-referendum, says think-tank the Resolution Foundation. Around £800 of the fall in that £1,500 comes from sluggish economic growth, while the rest comes from higher inflation and lower wage growth. The UK has experienced the sharpest slowdown in income growth of any country for which the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, a club of 36 mostly wealthy countries, publishes data. The report came out as official GDP figures are expected to show the UK economy at the end of 2018 was 1.1 per cent - some £23 billion - smaller than the OBR pre-referendum forecast in March 2016, the think-tank said. That figure is equivalent to £800 for every household in the UK.

The report acknowledges that 'no-one can say definitely how much of that lost income is exclusively down to the Brexit effect but it's hard not to conclude that Brexit must be the single biggest factor'. There has been much discussion about the impact of this uncertainty on businesses, but not enough about its effect on household incomes. The UK's stark under-performance on income growth since 2016 - which has tailed off more than other advanced economies - has left UK households taking a £1,500 hit to their living standards. As we approach Brexit day on March 29, politicians in all parties need to recognise how much is at stake for family living standards and that how the country goes forward, not just where it is heading, matters for household incomes in the here and now.

health, family activities or educational support for parents or children - whatever families need at the time Reduced social isolation leads to a happier, more diverse and inclusive community. Families with the skills and opportunities to take part feel less isolated and are able to contribute positively to the community. Families are healthier. They feel more in control and know how to get support if they need it. Together we continue to build on the fact that we have more in common than that which divides us.

Family Voice works with families at Common Ground, Machon Bank/Empire/Woodstock Roads, Nether Edge, S7 1GR.

classes for women


community events


family supportÊ

Hi my name is Sameena. I am from a little town called Ilkeston near Nottingham. I lived in Swindon for one year. I came to Sheffield to go to university. I love living here because it is friendly, feels safe and I go to a lovely friendly church. I find it hard looking after 2 adopted children and a child with special needs. I often feel very lonely and misunderstood. I would like to learn to speak Punjabi as I am half Pakistani.Ê

My name is Yasmin, I am from Barcelona, Spain. I came to Sheffield 3 years ago because I got a job here. My husband and son, they came 3 months after me. I like Abbeydale because it is very friendly and not racist. I want to work with disabled children.

Family Voice is a local organisation which supports families at Common Ground on Machon Bank in Nether Edge, and at other venues across the neighbourhood. We are inviting local women from all backgrounds to join a Women’s Cultural Group on Thursday afternoons in March. Here are some short pieces of writing by some of the women connected through our work. If you would like to attend the Womens Cultural Group, or want more information, please call/message 07951510366 or email

Hi I’m Ghucia. I am from a village near Rawalpindi in Pakistan. My family live in Pakistan and in Saudi Arabia. I came to Nether Edge 7 years ago because my husband is from here. I have 3 children. I like Nether Edge because the people are friendly. I’ve made lots of friends in the English class and in the local parks in the summer. I find it hard because my English is not very good. I would like to be more confident with my English and get a job.

Har naik kaam ibadat hai Ibadat khuda ke kareeb karti hai Ibadat kadam kadam per ho sakti hai Insan chahe to saans saans ibadat bana sakta hai Ibadat izzat bakshti hai Ibadat me khauf e Khuda hasil hota hai Ibadat me ajzee nahi to riyakari hogi Ibadat me takabur ho to imaan kamil nahi Kam bolna ibadat se kam nahi

Family Voice Sheffield Family Voice works with families in Sharrow, Lowfield and Nether Edge. The purpose of Family Voice is to support families in the Sharrow, Lowfield and Nether Edge areas. To empower and listen. To provide information and advice. To give positive opportunities and reduce social isolation. To increase good health and promote a happy and safe family life. Family Voice apply for funding to pay for whatever families need. This could be parenting support, increasing confidence / reducing social isolation, learning English, help at home, improving


I’m Caroline. I’m from Rotherham and have also lived in Nottingham and Nuneaton. I came to Sheffield 32 years ago because my husband got a job here. He has since had jobs in Birmingham, Ireland and Manchester but we liked it so much we didn’t move. I love Nether Edge because of the local community and friends. I do find family commitments hard. I would like to learn more about the different cultures in my community.

My name is Kiran, I am from Pakistan. I lived in a village near Rawalpindi where there are beautiful views. I came to Sheffield with my husband but had to leave my child in Pakistan – it was very hard for one and a half months without him. But he is here now. I like Nether Edge because it is very safe. I would like to learn more English.

Ibadat se ita’at afzal hai Agar ibadat karni ho to mann se karo Jawani me ibadat izzat deti hai aur burhape me kirdaar Ibadat ki khoobsurati naik neeti aur khuzoo o khushoo me hoti hai

Az kalam

Syed Fayyaz Hussain Shah

Millennium Gallery Hosts Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Sheffield’s Millennium Gallery has put on display a series of remarkable drawings by Leornado da Vinci as part of a nationwide exhibition to mark 500 years since the Renaissance artists’s death. There are few people more famous half a millennium after their death than they were during their lifetime, but Leonardo da Vinci is unquestionably one of them. He was the leading artist and intellect of the Renaissance, that fervent period of ‘rebirth’ in Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries, and is best known for two paintings – The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa. Some say he was the most talented person to have lived, with knowledge and curiosity that spanned a wide range of fields. Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452 and died on May 2, 1519. He was Italian. Different to a typical surname you might think of today, “da Vinci” simply means “of Vinci”, the Tuscan town where he was born. He lived during the Renaissance, a cultural movement that led to important developments in areas such as art and science. Leonardo d Vinci is perhaps best known as a painter, with his legendary works including the Mona Lisa, the Vitruvian Man and the Last Supper, among others. Leonardo da Vinci wasn’t just an incredible artist, he was an inventor, scientist, mathematician, engineer, writer, musician and much more. Talk about talented! His conceptual drawings included plans for musical instruments, war machines, calculators, boats and other ideas. Many of these plans were limited by the level of technology at the time.

Flight was of particular interest to da Vinci. He studied the flight of birds and created plans for flying machines that resemble hang gliders and helicopters. Many of Leonardo da Vinci’s machines have since been built and tested, to varying levels of success. He became an expert in the anatomy of the human body, studying it in detail and creating hundreds of drawings to help explain his thoughts. The Vitruvian Man is a drawing by Leonardo da Vinci that describes the relationship between human proportions and geometry. Da Vinci wrote in the opposite direction to what is normal, meaning you’d need a mirror to read it properly. The Mona Lisa is perhaps the most well known painting in the world. It is a half-length portrait of a woman who, along with the composition, background and other details, has been the subject of much speculation and discussion. It is believed that Leonardo da Vinci began painting the Mona Lisa around 1503. It has been on permanent display at the Louvre Museum in Paris for over 200 years. In 1994 Microsoft founder Bill Gates purchased perhaps Leonardo da Vinci’s most famous scientific writings, the ‘Codex Leicester’. It contains explanations of water movement, fossils and the moon among other things. Now, to mark the 500th anniversary of his death, 144 of his greatest drawings have just gone on display in 12 exhibitions across the country, including at Leeds Art Gallery and Sheffield’s Millennium Gallery.

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Yemen: Donors Pledge $2.6 Billion In Humanitarian Aid A United Nations conference secured $2.6 billion (€2.3 billion) in pledges to aid the millions of people facing starvation in war-torn Yemen. The pledges were up by 30 percent from the amount secured during last year's aid drive. "Today's pledging conference can be considered a success," UN SecretaryGeneral Antonio Guterres said in Geneva. An estimated 24 million people, or 80% of Yemen's population, is in need of humanitarian aid, with 10 million people "just one step away from famine," he added. The aid drive saw the European Union pledge $182 million while Germany promised $114 million. The UN is seeking a total of $4.2 billion for the entire year and expects more donations in the next several months. Some of the top donations at the conference came from Saudi Arabia and

the United Arab Emirates, which said they would contribute $500 million each while Kuwait said it would give $150 million. Although the three countries pledged millions in aid, their Western-backed militaries are deeply involved in Yemen's conflict — a fact criticized by aid organizations outside the UN. "Ironically, many of these donor governments are also involved in the war, which is both driving massive humanitarian needs and obstructing the delivery of humanitarian assistance," Doctors Without Borders said in a statement. According to the latest figures from the UN Human Rights Office, attacks by the Saudi-led coalition have killed nearly 4,600 out of the 7,000 civilians who are confirmed to have died in the war. Saudi Arabia and the UAE entered the conflict in 2015 to back the Yemeni government against Iran-aligned Houthi rebels.

European Court Rules Halal Meat Cannot Be Labelled ‘Organic’ Meat from animals which are not stunned before slaughter cannot be labelled organic, the EU's top court has ruled. The EU organic standard places a high emphasis on animal welfare and ritualistic slaughter does not reach its threshold, the European Court of Justice found. Ritualistic slaughter, in which animals are not stunned before being killed, is allowed under freedom of religion laws, but the lack of anaesthesia means the animal suffers too much for the organic standard, the court found. Animals killed in such a fashion have their throat slit in one movement, generally losing consciousness shortly afterward.

Oeuvre d'Assistance aux Betes d'Abattoirs (OAB), which ensures animal welfare in slaughterhouses, brought the initial case in France, arguing against the advertising and labelling of minced meat certified as "halal" as organic meat. The ECJ ruling targeted ritualistic slaughter generally, under which halal slaughter falls. The Central Council of Jews in Germany has slammed the ruling, saying they could not understand the decision. The ruling was "a slap in the face for the Jewish community and testifies to a great ignorance about religious slaughter," it said. The ruling also affects kosher slaughter practices, in which animals are not generally sedated.

Safety Of Smart Motorways To Be Reviewed An all-party parliamentary group is to review the safety of ‘smart motorways’ to determine whether they are more dangerous for drivers and other users than traditional motorways. Introduced in England in 2014, smart motorways aim to keep traffic moving by converting the existing hard shoulder into an ‘active’ fourth lane when required and controlling speed limits. Smart motorways feature emergency pull-ins, or refuges, should a vehicle need to stop, although these can be some distance apart. A recent RAC survey found that most road users did not know what to do if they broke down on a smart motorway. Highways England said: “Smart motorways are good for drivers… and evidence proves they are as safe as traditional motorways, which are already among the safest roads in the world.”

However, its own study, Highways England, found that one in five drivers ignored the warning red cross that appears above a lane which needs to close because of an obstruction, which could easily lead to an accident, particularly where rescue workers are operating. The all-party parliamentary group will also look at measures to keep vehicle recovery operators safe while working on smart motorways and other UK roads following a number of fatalities. The motorway is a hostile environment to be on out of the vehicle. Tragically, we see more people killed who have been involved in a relatively minor collision who get out their vehicle on the hard shoulder and are hit. Police officers who have been killed or have been seriously injured when they stop on the hard shoulder. Smart motorways must take all of that into account as it does cause a greater risk.

Tel: 0114 399 7111 Mob: 07806662220

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A Conversation With The Sun By Shaheryar A. Chishty Why do you make the day gloomy? You cover yourself with a bulbous chalky veil Monotonous and dull You leave the day pale We are left with sluggish winds Barging in to our eyes The wind is galling It hijacks the position of where the eye’s tears reside Can you not lengthen the time you stay? As your beauty is a fountain of gold ink in the sky Spilt across a vast page The splendour catches the eye We want a reply Why can’t you stay in our presence? Is it too much of a large request? We want to perpetually feel your essence I am a big brilliant beacon But I can’t share all my light in one part of the earth There other people waiting their turn I need to take them away from the night and show them a light’s birth I don’t want to keep you waiting I will always visit you again My light will always be waiting for you It’s just a matter of when.

Rich Getting Richer While Poor Get Poorer The rich are getting richer while the poor get poorer, according to official statistics, dealing a heavy blow to Theresa May’s claim to be tackling “burning injustices”. Official figures show the incomes of the richest fifth of households grew by 4.7 per cent last year – while the incomes of the poorest fifth of households fell by 1.6 per cent. The controversial freeze on benefit levels, adding to problems caused by higher inflation following the Brexit referendum is blamed. Overall, the figures for the financial year 201718 revealed disposable incomes to be stagnating at a median of £28,400, the same level as the previous year. The office for national statistics (ONS) said that “despite the small increase, income inequality remains slightly lower than levels reached 11 years ago”. The figures come on the back of warnings, including from the Resolution Foundation, that weak income growth and benefit cuts will send child poverty to record levels by 2022. The prime minister is under increasing pressure

to end the benefits freeze, including from senior Conservatives who have warned voters will punish her otherwise. Late last year, five former cabinet ministers, including David Davis and Justine Greening, called for payments to rise in line with inflation, a move that would cost £1.4bn a year. The freeze was introduced by former chancellor George Osborne in 2015 and is scheduled to run until at least 2020. The ONS also reported that the richest 1 per cent of the population enjoys more than 7 per cent of total household disposable income, averaging 7.1 per cent between 2011 and 2018. However, this share is down from the figures of 9.6 per cent and 9 per cent reached in 2008 and 2010 respectively – the period immediately before and during the economic downturn. Disposable income is the money households have available for spending and saving after direct taxes, including earnings from employment, private pensions and investments as well as cash benefits.

What Are The Biggest Threats To Humanity? Human extinction may be the stuff of nightmares but there are many ways in which it could happen. Popular culture tends to focus on only the most spectacular possibilities: think of the hurtling asteroid of the film Armageddon or the alien invasion of Independence Day. While a dramatic end to humanity is possible, focusing on such scenarios may mean ignoring the most serious threats we face in today's world. And it could be that we are able to do something about these. In 1815 an eruption of Mount Tambora, in Indonesia, killed more than 70,000 people, while hurling volcanic ash into the upper atmosphere. It reduced the amount of sunlight hitting the surface of the Earth, triggering what has become known as the "year without a summer". But while the prospect of a super-volcanic eruption is terrifying, we should not worry too much. Super-volcanoes and other natural disasters, such as an asteroid striking Earth or a star exploding in our cosmic neighbourhood, are no more likely in 2019 than any other year. And that is not very likely. The same cannot be said for many global threats induced by people. For example, the World Health Organization and the World Economic Forum both listed climate change and its effects as one of their top risks for 2019. Recent UN talks heard climate change was already "a matter of life and death" for many regions. While many, including Sir David Attenborough, believe it could lead to the collapse of civilisations and the extinction of "much of the natural world". The threats are complex and diverse, from killer heatwaves and rising sea levels to widespread famines and migration on a truly immense scale. Also increasing are the potential risks from novel technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI). The scenarios range from increasingly sophisticated cyber-weapons that could hold an entire nation's data to ransom, to autonomous algorithms that could unwittingly cause a stock-market crash. Another threat is the possibility of a nuclear war. While many focus on rising tensions between global powers, new technologies may also be making us less safe. This is because of both the "entanglement" of nuclear and conventional weapons and the risk that AI could help unleash nuclear war.

Another risk that may be increasing is that of global pandemics. Influenza, for example, is thought to kill an average of 700,000 people and cost the global economy $500bn (£391bn) per year. Increasingly dense and mobile human populations have the potential to see new influenza strains spread easily. And this raises concerns about a future outbreak like the 1918 Spanish Flu, which killed up to 50 million people. However, widespread vaccination programmes and other disease prevention measures help reduce this risk. While these threats are real, the greatest danger we face in 2019, when viewed from a global perspective, probably lies elsewhere. With almost eight billion people living on Earth, we are increasingly reliant upon global systems to sustain us. These range from the environment that provides us with food, water, clean air and energy, to the global economy that turns these into goods and services. Yet, from declining levels of biodiversity to overextended infrastructure and supply chains, many of these systems are already stressed to breaking point. And rapid climate change is only making things worse. Given this, it may be that global risks should not be defined by the size of the disaster that caused them, but by their potential to disrupt these vital systems. The potential is hinted at in recent examples of cascading effects. The 2010 eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano killed no-one but closed air traffic over Europe for six days. And, in 2017, the relatively unsophisticated WannaCry ransomware attack shut down parts of the NHS and other organisations around the world. Since almost everything we rely on also depends on a functioning electrical, computing and internet system, anything that would damage this from a solar flare to a high atmosphere nuclear explosion - could cause very widespread harm. There may, however, be new ways to reduce this risk. Sometimes it is better to protect ourselves by thinking of ways to make humanity more resilient to disasters that are to come. And this could give us the best way of ensuring that 2019 - and beyond - are safe years for humanity.

Speed Limiters Could Be Mandatory In Just 3 Years Drivers could soon be physically prevented from speeding thanks to a new device that automatically limits a vehicle’s speed. In a proposed move which campaigners hope will revolutionise road safety, all vehicles in the EU would be fitted with a system that restricts them from breaking the speed limit – with the UK expected to follow suit even after its withdrawal. After being approved by MEPs, mandatory speed limiting technology – called ‘Intelligent Speed Assistance’ (ISA) – could be fitted to all new cars within just three years. The European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), the body which supports the introduction of ISAs, says the limiters would reduce collisions by 30%, and save around 25,000 lives within 15 years. The ETSC say that these limiters work by using a speed sign-recognition camera and/or GPS-linked speed limit data to advise drivers of the current speed limit and automatically limit the speed of the vehicle as needed. ISA systems do not automatically apply the brakes,

but simply limit engine power preventing the vehicle from accelerating past the current speed limit unless overridden. To make the move more popular, the ETSC proposes an on/off switch to be included at first, which would allow the system to be overridden by pushing hard on the accelerator. This override would allow motorists to speed up should circumstances need it, and could mean that stricter rules could be introduced in the future. The ETSC also suggests that “if the driver continues to drive above the speed limit for several seconds, the system should sound a warning for a few seconds and display a visual warning until the vehicle is operating at or below the speed limit again.” All new cars would also be equipped with data loggers to track the system under recommendations from the ETSC. Even though the UK is planning to leave the EU this year, it’s likely the new speed limiter rules would continue to apply here.

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The Best Countries For Gender Equality If a country’s attitude towards gender equality is a factor in deciding where you’d travel to next, then your bucket list may look very different than the most visited countries in the world. Gender equality is the right to equal opportunities and resources regardless of gender. In its annual report, the World Economic Forum reviewed the percentages of men and women working, economic opportunities, educational attainment, health status, and political empowerment to measure overall gender equality in 149 countries. Scandinavian countries lead the way. Famous for being open-minded, Iceland has a smaller gender gap than any other country, even though one still exists, especially when it comes to pay. What some people may find surprising is that the rest of the top 10 list features developing countries such as Rwanda 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

and Nicaragua, but not the United Kingdom, which came 15th. The report is not a ranking of the best places for women to live in. For example, even though Nicaragua comes in fifth, it does not mean that women there are overall better off than women in the United States, which ranks 51st. The WEF index measures countries on their progress toward women having the same economic, survival, education, and political opportunities as men. The following list is based on the World Economic Forum’s 2018 Global Gender Report, which compares 149 countries and their progress toward gender parity. The ranking is based on four major dimensions: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment.

Iceland Norway Sweden Finland Nicaragua Rwanda New Zealand Philippines Ireland Namibia Slovenia France Denmark Germany United Kingdom

The Impact Of Mobile Phones On The Youth Today! Living in an age where we depend more on the mobile phone than anything else, whether it is for ringing, texting, taking and sending pictures, listening to music, watching videos, playing games, instant internet help or socialising through chat-rooms, the list is endless. Surely that's a good thing isn't it? You would be wrong! kids who used to love to play with friends and go outdoors or watch their favourite show on TV were asked, "what would they miss the most, if everything was taken away from them?" and the most popular answer was "mobile phones" and these where kids at the age of 7 or 8. Where has all the fun in kids gone? The mobile phone has taken it away. You might think the phone is a tool for socialising but you will be mistaken. When I see kids as well as adults sat next to each other in the same room, I see everyone using their phone and there is total silence, nobody is talking to each other. There is no face-to-face verbal communication. We are beginning to lose the concept of talking to each other as human beings and instead we have become robots texting without emotion, in other words not being able to read facial expressions. This skill will definitely be lost in the next generation. We will not know how to keep lengthy conversations with each other or what to say in awkward situations because we continuously text behind a hidden screen. It has become easier to text "I want a divorce" then to say it face to face, how convenient. Not to mention lack of physical exercise, no chance we rather stand at the gym texting than to continue running on the treadmill. Next generation of kids will become more over-weight due to spending more of their time using mobile devices than finding any time to exercise or to cook healthy meals.

Talat Shah

Another aspect is we are losing the quality of written English not just verbal. What I mean is that our texting has become slang, short simple and quick e.g. "howz it goin?" or "OMG" short for "O My God." This will become detrimental in our passing GCSE exams in English language, because it isn't proper English. Then there's the effect of being addicted to the phone and the amount of likes or hits you get. You begin to compete with friends, to be the best and this leads to stress and anxiety amongst teenagers. I remember when we would get upset if anyone read our personal diary but now we get upset when people don't read our intimate details or see our pictures and don't click back, LIKE. It's no wonder that depression amongst teenagers, both girls and boys has risen over the past few years and more and more young children are wanting to commit suicide because of the pressures that social media impacts on their lives, whether wanting to look perfect like their role models, constantly seeing their pictures on their phone or trying to find out what their classmates in school are wearing on snap chat. Then there's the impact of radiation and effects of blue light that is emitted from the phone that effects youngsters as young as 2 or 3 years of age, who are given this mobile device to keep them quiet and out of the way. It has been said that blue light does impact on the child and prevents them sleeping straightaway. Finally having all that power in a device controlled by your finger tips, will anyone take notice of the harm that phones bring to our lives and actually say something, I hardly think so, since money is to be made!

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Widespread Opposition To Relationships And Sex Education Reforms Revealed The documents reveal significant disquiet over the age-appropriateness of RSE content for both primary and secondary school pupils, with teaching on LGBT relationships a particular bone of contention. Proposed new health education lesson content was far less controversial. Despite the response, Damian Hinds, the education secretary, confirmed that he will proceed with only minor amendments to the reforms, which will come into effect next year. Ministers have clarified that it will be up to schools when they teach about LGBT issues after a “large number” of consultation respondents objected to their plans. Schools will still be expected to teach the content, but the timing of lessons will be up to headteachers. Other content added since the guidance came out in draft form last year includes a new requirement to teach secondary pupils about female genital mutilation and other forms of abuse. All pupils will also be taught of the dangers of excessive use of electronic devices and the need to ration time spent online, and there is also new content on character and values. Although a right for parents to request their children are withdrawn from sex education has been retained, the government has clarified that headteachers will have to take into account pupils’ special educational needs when assessing such requests. From 2020, relationships and health education will be compulsory in all schools, while sex education will be mandatory in all secondary schools.

At present, academies are not forced to teach the subjects because they don’t follow the national curriculum, and sex education guidance for other schools has not been updated for 19 years. But the consultation response reveals the government did not receive the support of the majority of respondents for many of its proposals. For example, 64 per cent of respondents said the proposed content for relationships and sex education at secondary level were not “age-appropriate”, while 58 per cent raised the same concern about relationships education at primary. A “large proportion” of respondents also disagreed with the position on teaching about LGBT issues set out in the guidance. At the same time, it should be up to schools to make decisions “about what is appropriate to teach on this subject and when based on the age and development of their pupils”. As set out in last year’s draft guidance, parents will retain the right to withdraw their children from sex education at any point up until three terms before they turn 16. After that, it will be up to the pupil to opt in to sex education lessons. Of 11,186 consultation responses, 31% were from parents, 11% were from grandparents and 2% were from young people. A further 29% were from other “interested individuals”. 8% of respondents were teachers, 7% were other education professionals and 3% were organisations or teaching unions. 2% were headteachers and 1% were governors.

Smoking Kills You — And The Planet We all know that smoking is bad for us. But how many of us know how bad it is for the planet? From the moment its seeds go into the ground to the moment its dried and shredded leaves are set alight by the world's 1.1 billion smokers, tobacco leaves a trail of untold destruction. Researchers from Imperial College London found that the industry's annual carbon footprint is almost twice that of Wales. Growing tobacco and drying the leaves — the so-called curing — accounts for more than 75 percent of tobacco's carbon footprint. It requires plenty of land, water and energy, as well as pesticides and fertilizers, which pollute nearby rivers and groundwater, and degrade the soil. Although a minor offender compared to big names of global deforestation, such as palm oil trees or soybean crops, tobacco has a great impact at the local level, for instance in Tanzania where it is responsible for up to 6 percent of annual deforestation, and that figure looks

set to increase. In Pakistan, however, the WHO says plantations already account for almost 27 percent of yearly deforestation. The transportation and manufacture of cigarettes adds to the toxic equation. The industry uses 2.4 million metric tons of cigarette paper and cartons for packaging every year. And then there are the butts themselves. Of the nearly 6 trillion cigarettes smoked each year, 4.5 trillion are discarded in the open. Made from a non-biodegradable type of plastic, stubs can take a decade to disintegrate, during which time, the wind or rain can easily sweep them into rivers and oceans where they leach toxic chemicals such as acetic acid and arsenic. The European Parliament says a single cigarette butt can pollute up to 1,000 liters of water with toxic substances, which can then find their way back into our food chain. And they invariably top the list of most littered items in urban and coastal clean-ups, representing between 30 and 40 percent of all items collected every year.

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WHAT ARE PARABENS? Mr Shumile J. Chishty Parabens are preservatives which are used in various different cosmetics and are used to prolong the shelf life by preventing the growth of mould and bacteria within them. These parabens are a series of 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, Common names of parabens which you can see on the bottle of some cosmetics are butylparaben, methylparaben and propylparaben. These parabens are known to be the enemies of humans and recent research has proven that not only is it

months, even years; however, when you use in response they stated ‘’Parabens are officially these products, they can also enter your body approved for use under the Cosmetics Directive (76/768/EEC), the European legislation that reguthrough your skin. lates all cosmetics and toiletries. In 2004, a British study found tracWe can reassure the public that all es of five parabens in the breast cosmetic and toiletry products contissue of 19 out of 20 women studtaining parabens may continue to ied. The study didn't prove that pabe used safely.” Despite this, many rabens can cause cancer but only people still have doubts. Denmark that they can penetrate skin and has banned two types of parabens end up in the tissue so Parabens from being used on products for are assumed to disrupt hormone young children because of their function by mimicking oestrogen. concerns. Too much oestrogen can trigger an increase in breast cell division and Like parabens, SLS is also used growth of tumours, which is why in many cosmetic products, such paraben use has been linked to as soaps, shampoos, detergents, breast cancer and reproductive istoothpaste. SLS stands for sodium sues, but not enough evidence has lauryl sulphate (SLS) and is a subbeen provided to support this. stance, like a detergent, which enables a liquid to foam. There are Parabens in cosmetics are in conconcerns about its toxicity when centrations from around 0.3% to 1%. The Cosmetics, Toiletries and Perfumery As- combined with other ingredients found in persociation were under scrutiny due to the assump- sonal care products, and it’s also been found to Parabens allow products to survive for tion parabens were linked to breast cancer and so cause irritation to the skin, eyes and scalp.

affecting humans but also the environment, as it is found in the bodies of marine mammals, as we use products which contains parabens and are then washed into the sewage system. Not only do you find parabens in cosmetics such as shampoos, deodorants and moisturisers but also find them in glues, oils, soft drinks, sauces and processed meat. These parabens occur naturally in many fruit and vegetables, like blueberries and carrots. The reason for their frequent use is due to its cost as it is very cheap to produce and is hypoallergenic. With majority personal care products, the FDA requires a label with listed ingredients so consumers can see what’s in the product if they wish to use it. However cosmetic manufactures are not under the restriction to mention parabens in their ingredients as they do not require FDA approval, but where danger is involved in the process of utilising the product then the FDA require the product to have the label of ingredients otherwise, they have the right to remove it from the market.

Hezbollah To Be Added To UK List Of Terrorist Organisations The UK Parliament is set to pass new rules classifying Hezbollah as a terrorist group. Parts of the Lebanese organisation have been proscribed since 2001, with its military wing banned since 2008. UK authorities say they are no longer able to distinguish between the group's military and political wings. The changes mean supporting Hezbollah will be an offence carrying a sentence of up to 10 years in prison. Hezbollah - translated as the Party of God - is a Shia Islamist political, military and social organisation that wields considerable power in Lebanon. Home Secretary Sajid Javid said he had decided to proscribe the group in its entirety because Hezbollah was "continuing in its attempts to destabilise the fragile situation in the Middle East". The group, which is backed by Iran, has sent thousands of its fighters to Syria to support forces loyal to President Bashar al-Assad in battles against predominantly Sunni Muslim rebel forces and the jihadist Islamic State group. Last month,

Hezbollah was awarded three cabinet posts in the newly-formed Lebanese cabinet after it made gains, alongside its allies, in the 2018 parliamentary elections. Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt echoed Mr Javid's comments, adding that the government could not be complacent about terrorism. "It is clear the distinction between Hezbollah's military and political wings does not exist, and by proscribing Hezbollah in all its forms, the government is sending a clear signal that its destabilising activities in the region are totally unacceptable and detrimental to the UK's national security," he said. Hezbollah was formed as a resistance movement during the Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon in the early 1980s. In addition to Hezbollah, the draft order also proscribes Ansaroul Islam and Jamaat Nusrat alIslam Wal-Muslimin (JNIM) as terrorist organisations. Ansaroul Islam and JNIM are militant Islamist groups active in West Africa - both have claimed responsibility for attacks in the region.

IMF Likely To Extend $12bn Bailout To Pakistan The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Pakistan will soon reach a bailout deal with a potential size of $12 billion, Fitch Solutions ratings agency said in its latest report. Pakistan is expected to have an increasing pressure to improve fiscal consolidation through austerity measures, the report said. Early indications suggest that Pakistani authorities requested aid of $12 billion, which is almost twice as large as the previous bailout package of $6.6 billion in 2013. The ratings agency said measures to strengthen the country’s fiscal and debt

dynamics will likely be a major cornerstone of the IMF deal, with the end goal of narrowing the budget deficit and stabilising the debt-to-GDP ratio through austerity measures. Fiscal consolidation will help to stabilise, and potentially lower the debt load with public debt currently at 71.4 percent of GDP. The Pakistan government is expected to strengthen tax administration, broaden the tax base, and raise tax-to-GDP ratio. The government is also expected to have a strong focus on improving anti-money laundering laws and countering financing of terrorism efforts, “given the poor regulations in these areas”.

World’s Healthiest Nations Spain just surpassed Italy to become the world’s healthiest country. That’s according to the 2019 edition of the Bloomberg Healthiest Country Index, which ranks 169 economies according to factors that contribute to overall health. Spain placed sixth in the previous gauge, published in 2017. Four additional European nations were among the top 10 in 2019: Iceland (third place), Switzerland (fifth), Sweden (sixth) and Norway (ninth). Japan was the healthiest Asian nation, jumping three places from the 2017 survey into fourth and replacing Singapore, which dropped to eighth. Australia and Israel rounded out the top 10 at seventh and 10th place. Bloomberg Global Health Index scores for 169 countries, with the top 10 plus U.S. highlighted. The index grades nations based on variables including life expectancy while imposing penalties on risks such as tobacco use and obesity. It also takes into consideration environmental factors including access to clean water and sanitation. Spain has the highest life expectancy at birth among European Union nations, and trails only Japan and Switzerland globally, United Nations data show. Spain by 2040 is forecast to have the

highest lifespan, at almost 86 years, followed by Japan, Singapore and Switzerland. Meanwhile in North America, Canada’s 16thplace ranking far surpassed the U.S. and Mexico, both of which dropped slightly to 35th and 53rd. Life expectancy in the U.S. has been trending lower due to deaths from drug overdoses and suicides. Cuba placed five spots above the U.S., making it the only nation not classified as "high income" by the World Bank to be ranked that high. One reason for the island nation’s success may be its emphasis on preventative care over the U.S. focus on diagnosing and treating illness. South Korea improved seven spots to 17th while China, home to 1.4 billion people, rose three places to 52nd. Life expectancy in China is on track to surpass the U.S. by 2040, according to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. Sub-Saharan economies accounted for 27 of the 30 unhealthiest nations in the ranking. Haiti, Afghanistan and Yemen were the others. Mauritius was the healthiest in Sub-Sahara, placing 74th globally as it had the lowest death rate by communicable diseases in a region still marred by infectious mortality.

BBC & ITV To Rival Netflix The BBC and ITV are in the concluding phase of talks to establish a strategic partnership to bring an exciting new streaming service to UK audiences. The BBC and ITV have agreed a joint vision for the service, to be called BritBox, and are now working on a formal legal agreement. The BBC and ITV anticipate that other partners will be added to BritBox and both will speak to regulators and the wider industry about their proposals. BritBox would be an original streaming service providing an unrivalled collection of British boxsets and original series, on demand, all in one place, and would provide: – The biggest collection of British content available on any streaming service

– Brand new commissions for British production companies specifically created for BritBox Both organisations are delighted with the success of their BritBox streaming service in North America, which is ahead of expectations, having already broken through targets with over half a million subscribers. This success shows the BBC and ITV have the know-how to launch and manage a streaming service and research with the British public shows that there is a real appetite for a new British streaming service – in addition to their current subscriptions. The aim is to launch the service in the second half of 2019. While neither the BBC nor ITV can confirm pricing at this stage, it will be competitive.

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Royal Family Spending In 2017 The British royal family made more money in the financial year that ended on March 31, documents revealed. The two sets of documents provided new insights into how the royal family earned, distributed and spent its money, One of the official reports, which covers the finances of Prince Charles, shows the budget category that includes funding for William, Kate and Harry increased roughly 40% to £5 million. In recent years, Prince Charles and his wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall, have increased spending in the category at more modest rates of up to 10 per cent. Charles and Camilla rely on a mix of public and private money to finance their

work and lives. Harry’s wedding to Meghan Markle on May 19 has sparked huge public interest in their finances, but the royal family and British government have declined to give details about their wedding spending. The reports also cover the Sovereign Grant, which is the Queen’s main source of income. The Queen received £76.1 million free of tax from the Sovereign Grant in the year ended March, a 78% increase from the previous year that will help finance an extensive 10-year renovation of Buckingham Palace. She will get another 8% boost in the current financial year.

Amir Khan To Face Samuel Vargas In September

Britain's Amir Khan will continue his comeback against Samuel Vargas in Birmingham on 8 September. The Bolton fighter did not fight for two years after a brutal defeat at the hands of Saul 'Canelo' Alvarez in 2016. Khan, 31, returned to the ring in April with a 40-second knockout of Canada's Phil lo Greco in April. "One of my aims this year was to be as active as possible so I'm very happy to get back in the ring again so soon," said Khan. "Vargas is a tough and well-schooled fighter who has shared the ring with some top welterweights. "I have to get past Vargas before looking at the biggest challenges going forward. I'm not going to

be taking Vargas lightly because I know he will be coming with everything on September 8." The 29-year-old Colombian's three career losses include defeats against Danny Garcia and Errol Spence Jr, who have previously knocked out Khan and Sheffield's Kell Brook.

Tel: 0114 399 7111 Mob: 07806662220

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1 2 3 4 5 6

DATE 21.04.2019 28.04.2019 05.05.2019 12.05.2019 19.05.2019 26.05.2019 02.06.2019 09.06.2019 16.06.2019 23.06.2019 30.06.2019 07.07.2019 14.07.2019 21.07.2019 28.07.2019 04.08.2019 11.08.2019 18.08.2019 25.08.2019 01.09.2019 08.09.2019 15.09.2019

Fixture 2019

AL Fatah cc Al Mahdi cc Abbeydale cc Sharrow CC Kashmir CC Earl Marshall CC

7 8 9 10 11 12


1 2A 6H 12A 10H 11H 7H 5A 3A

2 1H 5H 3H 4A 9H 12H 8H 11H

3 5H 12H 2A 8A 4A 9H 10H 1H

4 9A 10H 7A 2H 3H 8H 6A 12A

5 3A 2A 10A 11H 7A 6H 1H 8H

6 11H 1A 8H 9H 12H 5A 4H 7H

7 10A 11A 4H 12H 5H 1A 9A 6A

8 12A 9A 6A 3H 10H 4A 2A 5A

9 4H 8H 11A 6A 2A 3A 7H 10A

10 7H 4A 5H 1A 8A 11A 3A 9H

11 6A 7H 9H 5A 1A 10H 12A 2A

12 8H 3A 1H 7A 6A 2A 11H 4H

4A 8H 9A 12H 5H 10A 2H 3H 4H 7A 11A 6A 8A

6A 7A 10A 3A 8A 4H 1A 11A 6H 12A 9A 5A 7H

7H 11A 6A 2H 10A 8H 5A 1A 7A 9A 4H 12A 11H

1H 5A 11A 7H 6H 2A 9H 12H 1A 8A 3A 10A 5H

9H 4H 12A 10H 1A 11A 3H 8A 9A 6A 7H 2H 4A

2H 10A 3H 8A 4A 9A 11A 7A 2A 5H 12A 1H 10H

3A 2H 8H 4A 9H 12A 10H 6H 3H 1H 5A 11H 2A

11A 1A 7A 6H 2H 3A 12H 5H 11H 4H 10A 9H 1H

5A 12H 1H 11H 7A 6H 4A 10H 5H 3H 2H 8A 12A

12A 6H 2H 5A 3H 1H 7A 9A 12H 11H 8H 4H 6A

8H 3H 4H 9A 12H 5H 6H 2H 8A 10A 1H 7A 3A

10H 9A 5H 1A 11A 7H 8A 4A 10A 2H 6H 3H 9H













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