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Muslim athletes urged to boycott London Olympics

Halal meat at the London 2012 Olympic Games will not be processed using the traditional Islamic method

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Campaigners are up in arms because the only form of halal and kosher meat that will be allowed into the Olympic village for Muslim Athletes must first be pre-stunned and in the case of poultry it must also be machine slaughtered. Red Tractor Assured Food Standards (RTA) are the organisation which all Olympic meat has to adhere to. However, its guidelines require that products “from livestock which are not pre-stunned at slaughter, cannot be described as ‘assured’ and are not eligible for the Red Tractor Logo.” This means that Muslim athletes will only have the option of stunned halal meat, which some corners claim is not truly halal. The London Olympic’s organising committee has announced that Red Tractor will be the base standard for all food served at both the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Mohammed Saleem Policy Director ANSA (Association of Non-Abattoirs) said: “I will be contacting Mayor of London Boris Johnson why this, the purest form of discrimination and racism, is openly allowed in the most diverse community and city in Europe? “And also why the Muslims attending

the event from all over the world will be short-changed just because of their core beliefs? “We know the Olympic Games, have always been a beacon for celebrating the great diversity and equality which is claimed to be reflected through participation, regardless of race and creed.” Red Tractor now has clear, documented rules and procedures that members are expected to adhere to. They include one key requirement which states that “products from livestock which are not pre-stunned at slaughter cannot be described as assured and are not eligible for the Red Tractor Logo.” Naved Syed, board member for EBLEX halal steering group said: “I think it’s wrong that one type of meat is being allowed and one isn’t. “We know that the majority of Muslims prefer to eat non-stunned meat so why not have both available. “There are many Muslim nations taking part in the Olympics, it’s such a huge event and I don’t think that this will go down too well.” The halal meat and poultry that has been approved by the Olympic and Paralympic Games committee for the 2012 London Olympic village for the Muslim

Defence for Human Rights Case for Missing Pakistanis - Page 2

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athlete’s must be part of Red Tractor Assurance Meat Processing Scheme (RTA MP). In September last year the Food Standards Agency re-issued guidance on the labelling of halal meat. A spokesperson said: “The mislabelling and misrepresentation of halal foods is of great importance to the Muslim community, and continues to be an issue of concern. For this reason we have re-issued the advice drawn up in association with relevant Muslim organisations, LGR and Defra.” Halal is an Arabic word which means ‘permissible’ with regard to food described as halal, it means food that Muslims are permitted to consume under Islamic law. At the time of slaughter a Muslim must pronounce Bismillah Allahu Akbar (In the name of God, God is the Greatest) on each animal or bird. However, stunned machined slaughter, in most cases means the animals are being slaughtered at a faster rate because the required pronouncement has only been said once for all, which may render the meat non- halal. One RTA member who was able to offer ritual halal slaughtered meat was told by

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Red Tractor that he would lose his certification if he participated and provided ritual slaughtered meat. Mr Saleem from ANSA added: “The London Olympics and Paralympic Games organising committee have decided what is halal for the Muslim athletes who are attending the games, and the they have been told what method of halal they can eat in the Olympic Village and what method they can’t. “So for that reason we urge all the Muslim countries who are participating in these Game to either boycott the games totally or bring their own food into the country rather than eating haram meat. “The Olympic village, London’s sporting extravaganza, will not cater halal according to sources as Red Tractor, the seal of assurance, refuses to recognise the prophetic method of zibhia for halal. “ANSA is truly dismayed at the planning by the London Organising Commitee for the Olympic Games (LOCOG), who may have been ill-advised. Only recently a senior member of the UK government accused Saudi Arabia of breaching the Olympic Charter’s pledge and the spirit of the Olympic Games by refusing to bring a female team to compete in the 2012 London Olympic Games.

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“And what kind of message will this be sending to our Middle East allies, Muslims and the Jewish community when the recent halal conference in Riyadh endorsed the Prophetic method of zibhia, for the gulf states. “It seems that the London Olympics and Paralympic Games organising committee are in breach of their own Olympic Charter’s pledge.” A religious muslim scholar said: “The practice of rendering animals unconscious before slaughtering, which is carried out in different ways, consists of a number of objectionable elements, for example. “If this act is such that it causes the animal to lose all its senses and consciousness completely, then there is a risk that it will have caused the animal’s death before slaughter, especially if the animal was weak or ill, therefore rendering the animal not halal.” A spokesman for LOCOG said: “Halal and Kosher meat are subject to very specific preparation requirements and are not currently available under the Red Tractor Assured scheme. Where used they should be of the European Halal Standard, with Kosher food being prepared in conjunction with the Beth Din.”

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Defence for Human Rights The case of the forced disappearances in Pakistan to pressure and their loved ones might return home. They all feel that their indefinite protest will be able to exert enough pressure on the government that they will be able to disclose the whereabouts of the missing persons.

Bareera is just 2 months old and is camping outside the Pakistani Parliament along with her mother and several dozen other protesters. She appears uncomfortable from time to time but then clings on to her mothers shoulder and closes her eyes as though she is relaxing peacefully. Her mother, Asia Bibi, can’t leave little Bareera at home and is camping in a protest along with over 100 other people, demanding justice for their loved ones. Bareera’s father has been in forced disappearances along with the thousands of other Pakistani citizens who have been missing since the war on Terror began post 9/11. Clinging on to her mother’s chest, Bareera occasionally looks astounded with so many people gathered around her holding the photos of the loved ones and then turns to her mother, snuggling her and closing her eyes. These people are the relatives of the missing persons in Pakistan. Missing persons are the people who have been in forced disappearance and the likely suspect is Pakistan’s security and intelligence agencies. So many families have had to bear the brunt of the so-called war on terror, hence the term forced disappearance came into existence. This is the not the first occasion

the protest camp by the families of the missing person has been set-up. Previously, the protest camp was set up on 1st Nov, 2011. Then a prominent supreme court judge Justice (r) Javaid Iqbal visited the protest camp and promised the protesters that he will make a break through in the case for missing persons provided that they stop the protest and pack their camp. Protesters waited for three months but there was no development with respect to the case of missing persons. State institutions remained silent. Hence, the protest camp was started again in front of Parliament house from 15th February 2012 to date. Currently there are 80-100 people who remain present at the protest camp 24/7. Everyone from those who are present have some member of their family missing. Some of them have come from distant places. There are women, children even elderly who can barely walk. Upon asking initially they try to hold tears and then start crying. The families have been taking turns to guard the camp. They feel that their continuous protest in front of the parliament will be able to put enough pressure on the Pakistani government that government will finally succumb

In the first ten days of the protest alone, 75 new cases were registered, whilst 9 missing persons were released since our camp began on 15th of February. To date there is no count for the number of people who have gone missing in Pakistan. There are no official statistics, however one organisation is making a feeble attempt to record these missing persons and tracking them down despite the limited resources. This organisation is defence for human rights in Pakistan. Amina Masood’s Junjua is the founder of defence

for human rights. Her own husband, Masoond Janjua left home on the morning of 30th July 2005, never to return home. Amina then discovered that there were many other families whose loved ones have been missing. Some of them have had visits from the security agent officials, often telling them to stay silent about the disappearance of their family members.

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Clearly this is a case where the rule of law should be upheld and the state should secure each person’s right to a fair trial. In order to express solidarity with the family members of missing persons who have been in forced disappearance for a long time.

A programme was organised at Khushi restaurant on 8th March from 6.15 onwards.

Before the dinner the participants took a conference call from Mrs. Amina Masood Janjua. In the live video call Mrs. Janjua elaborated the plight of the missing persons, especially their families. She elaborated how the quest of the families of to find the news of Aminah subsequently set up their loved ones have been ongothe Defence of Human Rights ing for a long time.

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in 2006 to demand justice for her husband and for over 3,000 known missing persons in the country. Until the fateful evening in 2005, she lived the life of a traditional housewife for 17 years. Her prime responsibility was to serve her ageing parents-in-law and raise her three children Mohammad, now 21, Ali, 19, and Aisha, 15. She, along with several other family members of the missing persons have vowed to fight for justice till the end of her life.

During the voice call various people spoke and shared their stories. Everyone from the camp had harrowing stories to share. Each member from the camp had a story of his or her own. Many participants of the event felt their hearts melted when listening to the stories. Following the conference call, there was a discussion on the human rights related issues and a resolution was passed and participants unanimously agreed on few points which are presented below. Statement of Resolution – Agreed by the Support Group • The support group for the missing persons in Pakistan expresses solidarity with the families of the missing persons and calls upon the state institutions of Pakistan and the government for the justice to be served for the missing persons. • The group demands that the missing persons should be brought forward to the court and face a free and fair trial in line with the article 10 of Universal declaration of human rights and also in line with the article 6 of European convention of human rights. • A delegation from the support group will approach the local MPs and human rights or-

ganisations and ask them to highlight the issues in the British parliament and highlight the concern that British Pakistani community is concerned about the state of justice or the lack of it especially in the case of Missing persons who have been in enforced disappearance for indefinite periods. • A delegation from the missing persons support group will attend in protest the Pakistan High commission and convey concerns of Pakistani community about the missing persons family. • The support group will highlight the plight for missing persons in the media so that justice is served for the missing persons families who are in their thoudands. • The support group will encourage those who want to support the cause of the missing persons to donate directly in their bank account of the defence for human rights. Their bank account details are below. Amina Masood Janjua. Account Title - Defence of Human Rights and Public Services Trust. Bank al Habib(ltd) Bank Road Sadr Rawalpindi Account Number 0006-0081-036743-01-3 RizwanUllah

E-Petition calls for Action on Rogue Hajj Tour Operators The Council of British Hajjis (CBHUK) is calling for the government to extend support to British citizens performing the Hajj. Over the past few months, the council has been inundated with complaints from pilgrims who have been duped out of paying for pilgrimage packages which fell short of what they actually got. This follows a similar call by the consumer watchdogs in Birmingham seeking the government to supports its’ fight against rogue travel agents who rip people off by selling them pilgrimage packages to Saudi Arabia which did not exist. Rashid Mogradia, CEO at CBHUK said “We have launched an e-petition calling the govern-

ment to support British nationals who go for Hajj and addressing the issues of unscrupulous tour operators, it is time the public got behind the campaign so that

we can start to sort this mess out. “It is clear the problem exists as recent prosecutions in Birmingham and Slough and the numbers of cases reported to us are on the rise”. CBHUK is working closely with

statutory bodies to bring justice to the hundreds of people who fall foul each year to un-regulated companies and advises anyone wishing to book a pilgrimage to do so with tour operators who are approved by the Ministry of Hajj and have an Air Travel Operators License (ATOL) for total peace of mind. They are urging the community to support its’ campaign by signing the e-petition at http://epetitions.direct.gov.uk/ petitions/4849and for victims who have experienced Hajj or Umrah fraud or know anyone who has to report it this online and in confidence at www.cbhuk.org.

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Cracking Down On Rogue Landlords A dedicated team of Sheffield City Council officers is on the trail of rogue landlords who house tenants in properties which are unsafe or in poor repair, or abuse their tenants’ legal rights. An increase in the number of calls to the Council’s Private Housing Standards Team reflects the growth of the private rented sector in the city. Private rented housing made up about 12 per cent of the city’s housing stock in 2007*, and the results of the 2011 Census are expected to show this has grown to around 15 per cent when figures are released later this year.

In a recent prosecution at Sheffield Magistrates Court, a landlord was given a suspended 28day jail sentence, made to adhere to a curfew and fined for unlawfully locking a tenant out of his flat, failing to get a licence for multiple occupancy and failing to comply with fire regulations. A further ten prosecutions are in the pipeline. The work done by the Council team includes inspecting and regulating private rented housing. They are also responsible for regulating houses in multiple occupation, known as HMOs, some of which may need a licence. Under the law all rented

houses of three or more storeys, and with at least five occupants, needs to be licensed by the Council. This means they have to be inspected to make sure they comply with standards such as fire regulations, as their occupants can be at greater risk. The team are also investigating landlords of larger HMOs who haven’t come forward to register their home for a licence. If you live in a larger shared house and you feel your landlord might not have a licence, please contact the team on 0114 2734680 or e-mail hmo@sheffield.gov.uk to get this checked out.

Obama, Cameron Now Best Buddies A special relationship, or rather a “bromance”- affection shared by two straight males- seems to be blooming between US President Barack Obama and British Prime Minister David Cameron who was recentlyon a tour in the US. The two leaders have clearly been trying to make the point they have a special relationship, the Daily Mail commented. “That always happens when the two leaders of two great nations either side of the Atlantic meet up for a state visit. But this time it seems the pair of pals are letting their hands do the talking.” Cameron and his host Obama have been caught many times on camera “showing exactly how comfortable they are in each

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others’ presence”. “The buddies have been slapping each other on the back, patting shoulders, grasping each other, putting arms round each other and generally being very tactile,” it said. This “burgeoning bromance” has got so friendly that Cameron’s wife Samantha “may have been left feeling a little like a spare wheel”. However, first lady Michelle Obama has so far not got in on the act. The two leaders’ wives have “barely got close, unlike their husbands”

Darnall Schools Big Push on Attendance Four primary schools in Sheffield had united in a campaign to improve children’s attendance. Governors and staff at the schools are sending out a leaflet to every family in the area, stressing how important it is for children to have an excellent attendance record right from the youngest age. Under the slogan ‘Every Child Matters – Every Day Counts’ the leaflet reminds parents that good attendance is vital for educational success. It also warns against taking holidays in term time. The schools taking part in the cam-

paign are all located in the Darnall area - Acres Hill, Greenlands Nursery Infant, Greenlands Junior and Phillimore. Children attending Darnall Primary Schools are absent for an average of 15 days every school year, which adds up to almost a full school year by the age of 16. The leaflet is available in seven languages: English, Arabic, Bengali, Punjabi, Slovak, Somali and Urdu, and will also be distributed through community centres, libraries and GP surgeries.

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Firefighters issue Warning Crimestoppers uses new against storage of Petrol The Hajj Exhibition British Museum Technology to get infoOpens At

The British Museum in London A app ever for mobile hascrimestoppers opened the first major phones hasonledthetopilgrimage, 2,000 pieces exhibition to of information being passed on give non-Muslims a glimpse of to charity in world just two weeks. thethe heart of this religion. More 40 per cent infor“Thisthan exhibition is of foralleverymation passed to and Crimestoppers body, Muslims non-Muscomes via the charity’s website lims, in everyone who wants to –know and inmore the first two this weeks of the about extraormobile site going live 12 dinary phone phenomenon, which is per of great information received onecent of the religious manicame via mobile festations of thephones. world,” said This a huge step Neil is MacGregor, theforward directorfor of Crimestoppers in making the site more accessible for those that want to pass on information about crime, whether at home or out and about. Crimestoppers gives the guarantee that anonymity will not be compromised and this new site

the museum. “Hajj is the only continues promise, whilethat alpart of thethat practice of Islam lowing them to passsee,” on informanon-Muslims can’t he said. tion almostvery anywhere. “It seems important to try Anyone with to explore thatinformation experienceabout and crime in the region to understand what itshould meansvisit to the site and outit the secure Muslims now,fill what has meant form at the www.crimestoppers-uk. through centuries and to unorg” derstand how that habit of pilSince Crimestoppers was grimage has changed the world.” launched 24three yearsyears ago,and in 1988, It has taken deals information the with museumspassed aroundon the to world charity resulted more than to bringhas together theinexhibition. 113,000 arrests and charges. More than £122 million worth of goods have been recovered and more than £223 million worth of drugs have been seized.

South Yorkshire Fire & Rescue domestic locations by members improve The(SYFR) show are uses warning pricelessresidents arte- intended of the to public, butunderstandonly by ading of the pilgrimage and Islam facts, video footage, personal aunot to store additional stocks of hering to certain requirements: However exhibition, diopetrol recordings andinphotographs Petrol must be the stored in a place or diesel their proper-itself. in partnership with theto to ties explore the history, journeys that is not part of or attached or cars. Following recentorganised Abdulaziz Library It andannouncements experiences of of millions a building usedPublic as a dwelling. the of FuelKing in Riyadh, skirts over some of pilgrims who travel from around Tankers strike, firefighters rec- must be stored in approved plasproblems of thethehajj theognise worldthe to potential reach theexists holy for citythetheticmodern petrol containers sort “Hajj: Journey to the of Mecca every year. that may typically be purchased inappropriate storage of petrolfaces. Islam” openedThe at maxithe Theand Hajj exhibition is thestored third inHeart fromoffilling stations. similar fuels being British Museum on January 26, by vehicles the British Museum in a series and garages at domestic mum capacity of these containuntilbeApril 15.and a maxiof premises. sacred spiritual thatPe-andersruns should 5 litres SYFRjourneys warn that included “Treasures of Heaven” troleum Spirit must NEVER be mum of two containers may be andstored “Book of the Dead”, and is stored in a safe place at any doinside a domestic premise under any circumstances due to mestic premises. the high level of risk posed by Petrol is a highly volatile subpetrol and the highly flammable stance whose presence can dramatically increase the risk of vapours it releases. The storage of fuel is governed fire. It is for this reason that it is by legislation to protect people strongly recommended to keep any storage of petrol to the minifrom these dangers. Petrol may legally be stored in mum.

North / South Divide As Sheffield City Council prepares to set its budget, which contains cuts of £55 million in the coming financial year, Labour claim that the coalition Government’s cuts are disproportionately effecting the most disadvantaged areas of the country. They have revealed that research looking into cuts to Council budgets shows that cuts are hitting northern towns and cities hard at the same time as some areas of the wealthy south are receiving almost no cuts at all. By 2015/16 Sheffield City Council will have £170m less

to spend on services than it did in 2011/12, which means that for every £3 that the Council had to spend on services in 2011/12 the Council will only have £2 to spend by 2015/16. Labour fear that the Government’s cuts agenda is going to get worse for many years to come, noting that the Autumn Statement published by the Chancellor in November 2011 extended the ‘period of austerity’ for two years beyond the period covered by the 2010 Comprehensive Spending Review, meaning that spending reductions are now set to continue up to March 2017.

MUSHARRAF Delays Return To Pakistan

This research shows that the level of cuts per person in different local authority areas are as follows:

Former president Sheffield Pervez Mush- 2013.-£123 per person arraf, who was to return to Paki- Interior Minister Rehman Malik that Musharraf stan by the end of January, has said -£144 Doncaster per personwill be arpostponed his arrival in view of rested on his return as courts have arrest political develop- issued Barnsley -£111 per warrants person for him. much climatic change in central the “emerging and northern Europe. Scientists ments”, his spokesperson said Musharraf seized power in 1999 he dismissed He said upon Musharraf’s Newcastle Tyne after-£144 per personthe elected predict heavy precipitation will last month. increase in east Africa, but feel All Pakistan Muslim League government of Nawaz Sharif afterper he was sacked as the that the retired gen- hours-£190 Manchester person few changes will take place in (APML) said southern Africa and the Sahara. eral has postponed his return on army chief. An anti-terrorism hasper issued arrest warrants in of several senior party court-£4 person The 592-page report said that cli- the adviceRichmond-upon-Thames mate extremes, or even a series of leaders. Musharraf had been liv- connection with the 2007 assasof former in Britain and the sination Wokingham -£1 per personprime minister non-extreme events, in combina- ing in exile tion with social vulnerabilities UAE since he resigned from his Benazir Bhutto. In October last a court issued a warrant for 2008, fearing an year,-£5 Windsor & Maidenhead per person and exposure to risks can produce post in August climate-related disasters. It calls impeachment by parliament. He his arrest over the killing of Baleader that he will return loch £0 East Dorset per Akbar personBugti in a milifor policy makers to combat this had announced with appropriate government and to Pakistan between Jan 27 and tary operation in August 2006. denied all charges. 30 to lead his party in the next Musharraf North Dorset -£3 perhas person private sector regulation. general elections to be held in

Climate Change Causes Extreme Weather Evidence suggests that climate change has led to extreme weather conditions such as heat waves, record high temperatures and, in many regions, heavy precipitation in the past half century. The special report observes and projects changes in extreme temperature, precipitation and drought across all continents in the globe. According to the report, while it is believed heatwaves have become more severe in southern Europe and the Mediterranean, many scientists do not seem to observe

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Legal Corner

PROPERTY Q & A

Mohammed Nazir Solicitor Head of Property/Immigration, Wosskow Brown

Question 1 I am buying a property in auction, what precautions should I take? If you are buying a property in auctions you should make sure, before you proceed, you have funds in place and the property has been surveyed. A solicitor should check the legal pack, documentation, the title of the property and all searches. If the property you are buying is subject to a lease, or tenancy your solicitor must check all the provisions of the tenancy or lease to see if they are suitable and according to the mortgage lenders requirements.

Your solicitors are bound to send this to HM Revenue & Custom within 30 days of the affective date of the transaction. It is compulsory on some leasehold case, when you are taking a lease of a commercial property. Following the completion the HM Revenue & Customs issue an SDLT5, which is the proof that you have submitted this form.

Question 3 I am a first time buyer and I’m buying a property for £240,000.00, please advise me on this transaction. As you are a first time buyer after 24th March 2012, there will be stamp duty payable. Please Question 2 note you still need to submit the What is the Land Transaction Stamp Duty Land Tax Return to Return? HM Revenue & Customs. This consists of the detailed information about the property, Question 4 which your solicitors admit to the I am buying a property and HM Revenue & Custom. It has the finance is being provided the details of the sale price and by father. My father does not possible stamp duty. want his name on the title of

the property, but he wants to protect his interest. How do I go about this? If your father is providing the funds for the purchase of the property and he wants to protect his interest there are two ways of doing this. The first one is you can declare a declaration of trust, which will be used to set out the interest of your father in the property. This will clarify the share of your father in the property. Similarly an asset may have been purchased jointly and the parties may decide that their interest should be more specifically defined, so that the property does not pass to the surveyor of term on death. The second way is that the interest of your father can be noted as a lender and a charge can be registered on the property. If a charge needs to be registered on your property as a private lender, then your father needs a separate representation.

£1 Million makeover for Spital Hill Over £1 million has been secured for a major improvement scheme in one of Sheffield ’s most highprofile shopping areas. Just over £450,000 had previously been secured from a planning agreement linked to the recently opened Tesco store at Spital Hill. This will be spent on enhancing the streetscene along Spital Hill,

with new paving, street lighting and litter bins as well as the installation of public art works in the area. Additional funding was secured from the Local Growth Fund amounting to £605,000 that is supported by the Government’s New Housing Bonus scheme. An important part of the consultation will be the future use of

Ellesmere Green at the northern end of Spital Hill that has become an eyesore and is seen as a key site to help improve the overall appearance of the area. There are also plans for public artworks along Spital Hill and local people will be asked for their input on the theme for the designs once an artist has been appointed.

Scouts launch New clothing for Muslim Girls

The Scout Association has launched a new clothing range for Muslim girls as they join the organisation in increasing numbers. A “hoodie dress” and a T-shirt dress, both with long sleeves, are to be made available for activities including abseiling and climbing following requests

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from the Muslim community. The kneelength outfits feature a graphic print inspired by Scout badges and activities. They were designed by Sarah Elenany, a 27-yearold British designer of Palestinian and Egyptian origin. The Scout Association - founded in 1907 - said more than a third of all scouts worldwide now are Muslim, with an estimated 2,000 Muslim scouts in the UK. There are around 40 active UK scout groups with a predominantly Muslim membership. Muslims in Scouting :: 2,000 Muslim scouts in the UK

:: 500,000 scouts in the UK :: 40 UK groups are mainly Muslim :: Muslim scouting started in late 1990s :: 28 million scouts of all faiths globally :: More than one-third of scouts worldwide are Muslim The hoodie dress is already available with the T-shirt dress due to be ready in time for the summer. Both outfits are designed to be worn over trousers, jeans or leggings. The designs have been launched as the association’s last census showed that for the first time, more girls than boys are joining the movement, with an 88% rise in female youth membership since 2005 to 66,576.

Diamond Jubilee: Expect a Party fit for a Queen Rotherham town centre will be stepping back in time for its Diamond Jubilee celebrations, on Saturday, 2nd June, 2012. Rotherham’s main shopping area is set to be transformed into a 1950s style street party complete with a static display of vehicles from the era, street art, travelling show, and vintage market. The Council’s ‘official’ Jubilee celebration event, due to take place between 10am and 3pm, will see

hundreds of tables and chairs line the town centre streets. The Big Jubilee Lunch (Sunday, 3rd June, 2012) will also form part of the main programme of events over the central weekend. A special 4-day bank holiday – Saturday, 2nd June to Tuesday, 5th June - will take place so there will be plenty of time for you to enjoy lunching in your community. Children will be at the heart of

the 2012 celebrations, with the Jubilee entertainment including traditional fairground rides and face painting, and Rotherham District Scouts lending a helping hand to organise games from the 1950s - a far cry from the age of television, computers and hand held games. The day will feature songs, dance and a Victorian variety entertainment show whilst, for the young at heart, there will be traditional tea dancing.

HOW YOUR HEART WORKS? • The blood then travels back to the heart from the capillaries into the veins. The branches of the veins join to form larger veins, which deliver the blood back to the right side of your heart. As the heart relaxes in between The heart is made up of three each heartbeat or contraction, layers: • Pericardium – thin outer protective sack • Myocardium – specialised cells making up the thick muscular wall • Endocardium – thin inner lining of the heart Inside the heart there are four chambers – two on the left side and two on the right. • The two small upper chambers are called the atria • The two larger lower chambers are called the blood from your veins fills the right side of your heart and ventricles The left and right sides of the blood from the lungs fills the heart are divided by a muscular left side of your heart. The two sides of the heart are separate, wall called the septum. There are four valves in your but they work together. The right heart. They act like ‘gates’ that side of the heart receives dark, open and close, making sure that de-oxygenated blood which has your blood travels in one direc- circulated around your body. It tion through your heart – a bit pumps this to your lungs, where like a one-way traffic system. it picks up a fresh supply of They are called the tricuspid oxygen and becomes bright red valve and the pulmonary valve again. on the right side of the heart, and The cardiovascular system the mitral valve and the aortic This movement of blood around the body, pumped by the heart, valve on the left. Like every other living tissue, is called circulation. This systhe heart itself needs a continu- tem is called the cardiovascular ous supply of fresh blood. This system (or heart and circulatory blood supply comes from the system). coronary arteries which branch off from the main artery (the aorta) as it leaves the left ventricle. The coronary arteries spread across the outside of the myocardium, supplying it with blood. How blood travels around your body As your heart muscle contracts, it pushes blood through your heart. With each contraction, or heartbeat: • Your heart pumps blood forward from its left side, through the aorta (the It contains about five main artery leaving the heart) • and into the arteries. Blood from litres (eight pints) of blood, the right side is pumped to your which your heart is continuously circulating. lungs. Each day, your heart • The blood continues • through the arteries, which di- beats about 100,000 times. It pumps about 23,000 vide off into smaller and smaller • branches of microscopic capil- litres (5,000 gallons) of blood laries.Travelling through this around your body. network of capillaries, blood For your heart to keep pumping reaches every part of your body. regularly, it needs an electriYour heart is a pump that keeps blood moving around your body. It delivers oxygen and nutrients to all parts of your body, and carries away unwanted carbon dioxide and waste products. The structure of the human heart

cal supply. This is provided by a special group of heart cells called the sinus node, which is also known as your heart’s natural pacemaker. What if something goes wrong? Some people are born with hearts that have not developed properly before birth - this is called congenital heart disease. Some heart conditions may develop later in life, including coronary heart disease and atrial fibrillation. Sometimes you can inherit a heart condition from your family. People who have coronary heart disease are at risk of having a heart attack. Damage to the heart muscle because of a heart attack can lead to heart failure which will affect you for the rest of our life. Heart Failure can also be caused by other conditions. How heart failure affects you will depend on the cause of the heart failure and how much of your heart muscle it affects. Ethnicity Your ethnic background can increase your risk of getting coronary heart disease. Find out what your risks are, and get advice on small lifestyle changes you can make to reduce them. Statistics show that in the UK: • coronary heart disease rates are the highest in South Asian communities • stroke rates are the highest in people with an African Caribbean background • you have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure if you are from an African Caribbean background than all the ethnic groups in the UK • the prevalence of type-2 diabetes for people of African Caribbean and South Asian ethnicity is much higher than in the rest of the population. One in every five men and one in every six women living in the UK die from coronary heart disease (CHD), and for Pakistanis and other people of South Asian origin, the risk is even higher. You can make a real difference to your heart health with small lifestyle changes, eating healthily, keeping active, and being aware of what affects your risk.

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7


PROPERTY CORNER

by: Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant: Mark Jenkinson & Son

I WANT TO BUY A HOUSE - IS IT THE RIGHT TIME? There has been a common theme running with readers in the last few months, the question I have been asked on a number of occasions is “I want to buy a house – is it the right time? I am not surprised that I am being asked this question because residential properties affect us all whether we own or rent property. A few years ago the hot topic was increasing house prices, anybody who bought a property, saw the value of their property rise, and on paper many people felt that financially they were in a wonderful position. Those who were renting seeing these price rises wanted to get onto the property ladder, and with good access to lending many people did. The situation now is that increases in house prices are not at the levels of a few years ago, in fact some will argue that values have decreased, others will say that they have stabilised. Stabilisation along with more

difficult lending conditions can certainly give the impression that we are in a difficult market. The reality is that prices are more challenging, sellers need to be more realistic with asking prices, whilst buyers should not expect bargains. There is a re-stabilisation of the market taking place, this is not just in this country but throughout the world, bar a few major economies where prices are still quite strong. The answer to whether one should buy or not is not as simple, it is a question of circumstances and pragmatism, with each individual being unique. Therefore for some people this would be an ideal time to buy, for others it will financially be more challenging as the lending markets adjust to changing market conditions. The rental market for residential property is reported as being quite strong, and it is clear demand for residential properties

whether rental or purchase is not going to diminish as the population is increasing. As I have mentioned previously people are seeing the rental market as a real long term alternative to buying, it is clear a tenure adjustment is taking place. This also brings new market opportunities which are evident in the auction room in particular, investors buying for long term lets. It is also becoming evident that investors and developers are looking at developing for the rental market. The demand for residential property I believe will always be there, as people need to have shelter. If you want to contact me I am a consultant at Mark Jenkinson and Son, telephone 0114 276 0151 or mobile: 07879 015095 and I will be delighted to advise on any property issues you may wish to discuss.

ISLAM, MIGRATION & BRITAIN Before the 20th century •There are references to Islamic scholars in the prologue to Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales (1386). •Following the Crusades against Islam, Britain became friendly with some Islamic countries. Queen Elizabeth I, for example, asked the Ottoman Sultan Murad for naval assistance against the Spanish Armada. •The first recorded Englishman to become a Muslim was John Nelson, who converted to Islam at some point in the 16th Century. •A 1641 document refers to “a sect of Mahomatens” being “discovered here in London”. There were also a few conversions to Islam during the period, and a few years later, in 1649, came the first English version of the Qur’an, by Alexander Ross. •In the 18th and 19th Centuries there were a number of converts to Islam amongst the English upper classes, including Edward Montagu, son of the ambassador to Turkey.

Rhondda Street, Cardiff, in 1860. migrants to Britain.

•The first large group of Muslims in Britain arrived about 300 years ago. They were sailors recruited in India to work for the East India Company, and so it’s not surprising that the first Muslim communities were found in port towns. •Ships’ cooks came too, many of them from Sylhet in what is now Bangladesh. There are records of Sylhetis working in London restaurants as early as 1873. •Some Muslim sailors decided to stay in Britain and simply left their ships without going through any formal immigration procedure. •The next wave of Muslim immigration to Britain followed the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. The increase in trade caused a demand for men to work in ports and on ships. •Most of these immigrants came from the Yemen, probably because Aden was the main refuelling stop for ships between Britain and the Far East, and many of the seamen later settled in the port cities of Cardiff, Liverpool, South Shields, Hull, and London. There are now an estimated 70-80,000 Yemenis living in Britain, who form the longestestablished Muslim group in Britain. •An example is the Yemeni community of South Shields, which began at the end of the 19th century when Yemenis working as stokers on steamships moved ashore and set up boarding houses in the dock area. •The first mosque in Britain is recorded as having been at 2 Glyn

to Britain in the 1950s. Many left India because they wanted to escape the disruption and community violence that coincided with the division of British India into Pakistan and India. (During this partition, as many as 2 million people died in communal

Women and children last The first immigrants were men, who left their families behind. Once in Britain they tended to live in groups in communal houses until they had saved enough money to bring their wives and children to join them, or chosen to return to their birth-land. The communal houses often contained men from the same village in Pakistan. Living like this made life easier for the new arrivals because it gave them a base, a community and friendship, and financial support while they found their feet. Because they had no family or home comforts in Britain the new immigrants began a tradition of working very long hours that the present generation rejects. Even when their wives joined them the early Muslim immigrants were still isolated from the host culture by language and prejudice. The generation of Muslims that have been educated in Britain have much stronger relationships with non-Muslims than their ancestors. The Commonwealth Immigrants Act Immigration was boosted briefly by The Commonwealth Immigrants Act of 1962, which removed the right of automatic entry for Commonwealth Citizens, restricting it to those who had a work voucher. People hurried to get into Britain before this new law made it too difficult. The later Immigration Act of 1971 blocked immigration for single men. Immigration from Africa The next wave of immigrants came from Africa, mostly from Kenya and then Uganda. As certain African regimes encouraged a policy of Africanisa-

violence, ostensibly on religious grounds.) A less-known reason why many Muslims left Pakistan was the construction of the Mangla Dam in the early 1960s. This submerged some 250 villages in the Mirpur District, and displaced 100,000 people; more than half the residents of some villages moved to Britain. Most immigrants came from farming areas such as Azad Kashmir and the Northwest Frontier, which had close connections with Britain as established recruiting grounds for the British army and the merchant navy. Almost all Bangladeshis came from Sylhet, which also had a long tradition of providing im-

tion, life became more difficult for those Asians already living there. Many of these Asians started moving to Britain until the Commonwealth Immigrants Act made it more difficult for them to do so. In 1972 60,000 Asians were expelled by President Amin from Uganda, many of whom were allowed to settle in Britain. Although the immigrants from Africa were often traumatised and had lost most of their material possessions, they still had many advantages. They were better educated than the earlier immigrants, many of them were professionals or from skilled trades, and they already had experience of thriving in a minority community.

Immigration Britain’s Muslim population are almost all people who immigrated to Britain in the 1950s, 60s, and 70s, or their descendants. During the first quarter of the 20th century it was estimated that there were around 10,000 Muslims in Britain. Now there are between 1 and 2 million British Muslims (2% - 4% of the population), and over half of them were born in Britain. The first immigrants Many of the immigrants in the 1950s and 60s came from India and Pakistan in search of a better material life. They could earn 30 times as much in Britain as they could in Pakistan. While many planned to bring their families to Britain once they’d achieved financial security, others hoped to save money to buy land in Pakistan and then return to the families they had left behind. Fear was another reason to come

Dealing With Bullying It is not odd to hear in the news these days: "Teenager commits suicide due to bullying." Sure, it is not always as serious as suicide, but the effects of bullying can cause mental and emotional problems to children and youth of all ages. Bullying is not an easy problem to deal with. Due to fear of being hurt, embarrassed, or losing friends, kids usually keep the issue inside and do not tell an adult. It is also hard to read signs, unless the kid is showing obvious signs of depression, crying, etc. These days, with Islamophobia rampant in the nation, our kids are the bulls-eye for bullies, and we as parents, community members, and friends need to be very aware of what is going on around us. Parents need to take the time, especially after school, to talk to their kids and ask how their day went. Ask questions which will require the kids to give indepth answers – for example, after asking how lunch was, a parent can ask "Who did you sit with? Did you have a good time?" If parents start this routine early on in the kids' school lives, the kids will learn to trust their parents and won't feel like parents are "prodding" or being "annoying". They will also feel comfortable sharing problems if and when they encounter them. If parents do find out that their kid is being bullied, there are many ways to address the problem. Parents should first bring awareness to the issue with the kid's teacher and/or principal. Request a conference with the teacher and explain what signs and complaints the kid has brought up. It is the teacher's and

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school's duty to do an investigation and look in to the matter, and of course, to keep in touch with the parents and keep them updated. Schools can address the problem, offer counselling, and also give consequences to put an end to the problem. A parent cannot just hope the problem will go away without telling any authority at the school. Parents also have to take an active role in helping deal with bullying. There are many ways to get active in a school's organi-

zation. Parent-teacher organizations allow for programs, such as anti-bullying shows, lectures, programs, to take place in the school. Many times reflection through writing allows for kids to release their feelings that they may not feel comfortable sharing out loud. Helping to set these programs in place can hopefully change the school environment to more positivity and teamwork. Kids also have to be taught how to behave and respond to bullies. Teaching kids how not to respond with anger is important, so that the cycle does not continue. Yes, it is important for kids to be able to defend themselves, but teaching kids to be rude back

will not help them develop into problem-solvers; rather, they will just learn how to respond aggressively. When kids learn to be problem-solvers, they will be able to define their problem, converse in a respectful manner, and create solutions. If parents only teach their kids to run away from the problem or fight back, then the kids will not develop into strong problemsolvers, which will hurt them in the future, when there may be issues of discrimination, racism, oppression, etc. in which they have full right to solve through realistic means. Another significant problem are parents who do not want to accept that their children are bullying others – this is why it is important as a school or a community to tackle the problem in large-scale manner so as not to single people out, unless it is a life-threatening issue. Further, establishing an open conversation with our kids will allow parents to find out if they are involved in bullying themselves. If that is the case, it is imperative for parents to look into causes of what is causing this behaviour – lack of attention at home, health problems As all religions teach us to treat others how we want to be treated, we want our kids to be able to live up to this rule, and most importantly, be living examples of dedicated Muslims who teach and want to inspire others to be the same. In order to inspire our kids to be proud Muslims, they first need to be able to have strong self-esteem, which can be dangerously hurt through bullying.

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20 mph Speed Limits Rolled out in Residential Areas Many Sheffield residents are set to enjoy an improved environment on their local roads in future years. The City Council’s Highways Committee is to roll out 20 mph speed limits in residential areas of the city. On the continent a 30km/h (18mph) residential speed limit is rapidly becoming the norm. In this country many local authorities are following suit, with cities such as Newcastle , Portsmouth , Liverpool, Manchester and Sheffield keen to establish 20mph as the default maximum

speed in residential areas. The aim is to reduce the number and severity of accidents, reduce the fear of accidents, encourage sustainable methods of travel and contribute towards the creation of a more pleasant environment. Each of Sheffield ’s seven Community Assemblies have been asked to nominate a school around which a 20mph speed limit would be introduced during the next two years. Entrances to each 20mph area would be marked by speed limit signs and road markings, with additional

small signs mounted on lamp posts within the area to remind drivers of the new limit. The roll-out of 20 mph speed limits would be limited to appropriate residential areas rather than individual roads. Classified roads, major bus routes and roads with an existing speed limit of 40 mph or more would not be subject to the new limit. The local Community Assembly would be consulted to help decide the exact boundary of each 20 mph area.

Sheffield Reveals Olympic Torch Event Location Sheffield City Council has revealed that the evening celebration event for the London 2012 Olympic Torch Relay in Sheffield will be held in Barkers Pool. Sheffield is one of only five overnight stops for the Torch in Yorkshire and the Humber, a reflection of the city’s high national sporting profile. Councillor Julie Dore, Leader of Sheffield City Council, said: “The arrival of the Olympic Torch in the city on 25 June will

be the culmination of years of work and preparation. We have made sure Sheffield gets every possible benefit from the Games coming to the UK. It is great to see the city recognised in this way, and we will be putting on a night to remember! The evening celebration will include music and other performances, local celebrities and dignitaries, and the arrival of the Olympic torch itself. The event will not be ticketed, but

full security arrangements will be in place to ensure the safety of the crowd. There will be other opportunities for Sheffield residents to get involved on the 25 June. There will be lots of activities to try, exhibitions to watch and music to listen to in two community events being put on in celebration of the Olympic Torch Relay. These will be based at Hillsborough Park and in the City centre.

Rahat Concert Excitement Reaches Fever Pitch It is already being billed as one of the biggest concerts of the year. Rahat Fateh Ali Khan is coming to the North West on Wednesday April 11 and will play live at the MEN Arena. Rahat has not only taken Bollywood by storm in recent years but has remained true to his qawalli traditions catapulting him to superstar status. The nephew of the late great Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, his vocals have also been featured on the soundtrack of Mel Gibson’s Apocalypto. The Manchester concert follows a date at the

London’s Wembley arena on Saturday April 7. Tickets can be purchased via www.rahatlive.com.

try! The study found that more than one in five adult Briton lacked awareness about the nations comprising their country. Nearly six in ten thought England’s highest peak is Ben Nevis, Snowdon or even Mount

Everest, the Sun reported. Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak (8,848 metres above sea level), is in Nepal while Britain’s highest summit is Scafell Pike (978 metres above sea level). The survey revealed that over 20 percent people did not know England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland comprise their country. One in 20 had no idea that Stonehenge, the prehistoric monument, was in Britain and almost a quarter named Australia’s famed Ayers Rock as a British landmark.

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Sheffielders will be able to have their say on how their city is run in May’s elections and also in a referendum to decide whether Sheffield should have a directlyelected mayor. This year’s local council elections will be held on Thursday 3 May, with a third of Sheffield ’s seats being contested – a total of 28 altogether. Parliament has also decided that 10 of the largest cities in England outside London should have a referendum on having a directly-

elected mayor. Both Leicester and Liverpool have already chosen to have an elected mayor and will not be holding a referendum. If the people of Sheffield decide to opt for a directly-elected mayor, there would be mayoral elections on 15 November 2012 on the same date as the Police and Crime Commissioner elections. Polling cards for the local elections and the referendum are due to be distributed over the next couple of weeks and a booklet

giving information about the referendum will also be sent out. A copy of the booklet can be downloaded from www.sheffield.gov. uk/elections. Local councils are responsible for a wide range of services that you use and rely on every day - from housing to street lighting, education to pub licensing, parking to sports facilities, and park maintenance to care for the elderly. That’s why your vote can make a real difference.

School children Targeted in City Fire Safety Drive

Firefighters are spelling out the dangers of arson to Sheffield schoolchildren as part of a safety push in one of the city’s arson

trouble spots. Fire and police officers including Safer Neighbourhood Teams ,will have a high-profile presence in Sharrow, giving safety talks to local youngsters about the risks of wheelie bin blazes and other types of arson. Around 80 per cent of the fires South Yorkshire fire crews attend are started deliberately, and the service is joining forces with the police and council for Operation Equinox to

highlight how arson is a drain on emergency service resources and can put lives in danger. As the nights gradually get lighter and summer approaches there is traditionally a rise in antisocial behaviour fires so they want to get the message through to young people about staying clear of arson. People may think setting a pile of rubbish or a wheelie bin on fire isn’t a big deal but they still have to send a crew to put the fire out, and the blaze could easily spread to a house and lead to a fatality.

Thousands Apply for EU Asylum Nearly 30,000 Afghans and 15,000 Pakistanis have applied for asylum in the European Union (EU) in 2011, the EU’s statistical office said. A total of 301,000 people had applied for EU asylum, of whom 90 percent were new applicants and about 10 percent were repeat applicants, the Eurostat said. The main

countries of citizenship of these applicants were Afghanistan (28,000), Russia (18,200), Pakistan (15,700), Iraq (15,200 ) and Serbia (13,900), EuAsiaNews reported. The highest number of applicants was registered in France (56,300 applicants), followed by Germany (53,300) and Italy (34,100). Britain received

26,400 applications. Thousands of people have been displaced in Pakistan and Afghanistan plagued by insurgency and terrorism that has threatened peace and stability in the region. Hundreds of people have also died in the war on terror launched by the respective governments with help from their western allies.

Councillor Mahroof Hussain: One Town, One Community in Action

Many Britons Think Mount Everest is in Britain! A study in Britain has found that a lot of people here are completely ignorant about some of the basic facts related to their country such as the highest mountain or even the names of nations comprising their coun-

Have Your Say in Local Elections

Rotherham’s One Town, One Community project came to life as Councillor Mahroof Hussain accepted a prestigious invitation from South Yorkshire’s High Sheriff. Councillor Hussain, who leads the One Town, One Community project, was invited to speak at the South Yorkshire Legal Services Annual Service by the High Sheriff on Sunday March 25. As part of the service, which is attended by High Sheriffs from across the county, religious leaders, Judges, senior officers from the NHS, fire service and Sheffield’s Universities, Councillor Hussain was asked to do a reading from the Old Testament, alongside the High Sheriff himself. Councillor Hussain, who is Cabinet member for Community Development, Equality and Young Peoples Issues, was invited because of his work in community cohesion and tackling exclusion of all social groups across Rotherham. Councillor Hussain said: “It was

a great honour to be personally invited to do a reading at the Legal Services Annual Service and, as the lead for Rotherham’s One Town One Community, it was incredibly fitting that it be from the Bible. “It was the very essence of what One Town, One community stands for, people coming together, embracing other religions and cultures and understanding each other through them. “The work we’re doing here in Rotherham is really setting the benchmark in helping communities to live side by side in harmony. Hopefully, my invite reflects the success that the project has had in the town and, with the goodwill we’ve already received, long may it continue.”

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You’re Married...Now What?

How do we maintain a stable relationship? The merits of getting married, and especially getting married at an early age, are very great. There are numerous verses of the Holy Qur’an and sayings from the Holy Prophet which extol the virtues of getting married. Many of these traditions are almost common knowledge among Muslims, such as marriage completing half of your faith and one unit of prayer of a married person being equal to seventy units of prayer of an unmarried person. While it is very commendable to get married at an early age, it is also very important to consider the social impact of marriage. A community consists of a group of families, and families are formed from the bonds of marriage. So it is imperative to be aware of the challenges that being married entails, and to know how to find solutions to any problems that may arise. One of the worst things that can

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happen to a community is a divorce, and that unfortunately is a problem in our communities. The UK divorce rate hovers under 45 percent, and while there are no official statistics about the divorce rate among different Muslim communities, many of us know of someone among our family or friends who have been affected by divorce. Divorce is very harmful to society, and especially to females, as it attaches a stigma to them that is very hard to remove. And unfortunately many divorces in our community occur in the first few years of marriage, when the couple is unprepared of the challenges in marriage. Couples must realize that marriage is an active process that requires effort and wisdom to maintain. It is not a passive process that will just work itself out. Newly married couples should definitely take advantage of marriage counselling from a religious scholar or even from secular sources in order get help in meeting the challenges of marriage. There are however some simple things couples can do to keep their marriage strong and lively. One major challenge to overcome is time management. When we are single, we have plenty of time to perform our obligations and pursue any extracurricular activities we desire. Once married, time management becomes an issue, as time must be given to family, friends, work, the community, and recreational

activities. Both husband and wife must plan ahead and learn how to spend their time wisely. Being short on time and not being able to fulfil some of our time obligations can lead to lots of stress in the relationship. There will be many events and obligations that you will have the opportunity to attend, and the couple must make the best use of their time and decide which events to attend. As an extension of this, the couple should make sure they make time to spend with each other. Between time spent with family and with the community, sometimes spending time with each other can go by the wayside. Spending quality time together will help in strengthening the bond between husband and wife. Another aspect of marriage that can cause friction is unrealistic expectations. People can and will change. Many couples are bound to have different points of views on some issues in life. You will notice some differences in your own views now compared to ten years ago. And you will have even more different views ten years from now. As long as major religious principles aren’t affected, it is okay to expect some change in views from your spouse as time goes on. It may not be exactly what you think, but discussing these changes without jumping to angry conclusions is key to achieving happiness in marriage. Em-

bracing one another’s differences and working to become better Muslims should be a practice of every couple. Finally, another problem that can derail a marriage is not putting forth enough effort in giving your spouse attention. During the process of getting to know your partner before marriage, both people are very careful in being respectful and kind to the other. They are eager to shower the other with gifts and compliments. This can produce a very strong bond between husband and wife, but it can also cause some disappointment later in the marriage if similar attention is not shown to each other. While it is tough to maintain that same level of love and gentleness in the day to day activities of marriage, it is certainly not impossible. A simple gift or a kind word here or there can go a very long way. We should find out what makes our spouse the most happy, and try to give them a little bit of that whenever we can. One elderly gentleman I had the pleasure of meeting gave me a very good piece of advice about how to have a strong marriage. He has been married for over 50 years and told me that the biggest thing to remember is, “Whatever you did to get them to marry you, do the same to keep them happy.” This will be different for every couple but is essential in having a happy marriage.

Get Set for the Olympic Torch in Sheffield

The Olympic torch will be burning brightly around Sheffield this summer - and it has been revealed which city streets the flame will be carried along on its journey around the UK. Thousands of people are expected to line the route as the flame is held aloft by speciallychosen torchbearers, and exciting events are also planned to mark the momentous occasion. The torch will arrive in Sheffield on Monday, June 25, beginning at Chapeltown and heading to Ecclesfield before being carried to Hillsborough. Spectators will then cheer on the torchbearers as the flame travels along Penistone Road and Glossop Road to Ecclesall, finishing up at Barker’s Pool for a free evening of celebrations. The next day, the torch will continue on its journey to Rotherham, starting at Attercliffe and heading to Templeborough, through the town centre and on to Dalton and Thrybergh. Carrying the torch through the city will be 18-year-old Carys

Hall, from Gleadless, a keen athletics fan who has volunteered at many sporting events in Sheffield. Other torchbearers will be disabled rugby player and Doncaster primary school assistant James Needham, who was confined to a wheelchair aged seven following a car accident, and writer Debjani Chatterjee, who set up a ‘poetry corridor’ at Sheffield Children’s Hospital while serving as its poet-in-residence. Highlights of the route through Sheffield include a community event at Hillsborough Park, as well as celebrations in the Peace Gardens, Tudor Square and on Devonshire Green. Barker’s Pool will host a twohour entertainment show, culminating in the lighting of a cauldron marking the end of the day’s proceedings. Carrying the torch through Rotherham will be Caroline Waugh, who learned to cycle on a special trike after suffering brain damage, and Diana Swanson, a community worker who helps local carers.

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How city’s new houses will Look

These spacious and airy new homes are the first of 2,300 new affordable properties for sale and rent which are to be built on derelict sites across Sheffield to help address the city’s chronic housing shortage. The artists’ impressions of new homes to be built off Park Grange Road, Norfolk Park, in

the Falstaff area of Parson Cross, and at Shirecliffe, have been released by Sheffield Council before the three schemes go before planning boards for approval over the coming month. Some properties have been designed to blend in where close to surrounding, older properties, such as in Shirecliffe, while those at the

other two sites are more modern in style. The three schemes will provide a total of 305 homes – 142 at Falstaff, 116 at Norfolk Park and 47 at Shirecliffe. If approved, construction at Falstaff and Norfolk park would begin in July and Shirecliffe next year.

Encourage Women for Future Prosperity

“The women are true leaders who are fighting to create a better Pakistan for their mothers, daughters and sisters. And through this struggle, they are ultimately creating a better society for all.” Acting US Consul General Kevin Murakami, who is also a Public Affairs Officer with the CG in Karachi, said this in his opening remarks of a seminar on International Women’s Day. He hosted a dialogue on the day titled ‘Wom-

en: Freedom and Equality.’ The seminar was presided over by Bilqees Edhi among other speakers. Renowned poetess Azra Abbas recited her poem as Sheema Kermani performed there. Kevin Murakami said, “It is an honour to address you all,” adding that Consul General William Martin wanted to be here as he is a staunch supporter of women’s rights in Pakistan. Congratulating the Pakistani women, he said that

Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy’s Oscar for Saving Face, is great achievement of everyone. Her success signifies an extraordinary triumph for Pakistani women who, far too often, bear the brunt of violence, poverty and disease, he said. The day was marked to honour the achievements of Pakistani women, while remembering that there is still so much work to be done. Young women must be equipped with the knowledge, skills and opportunities to pursue their dreams. Indeed, investing in young women means economic progress, political stability, and greater prosperity for everyone tomorrow. Most importantly, women from all ethnicities, religions and socio-economic groups must live a life free from genderbased violence and we should never forget that human rights are fundamentally women’s rights. The event was an important step in the ongoing struggle to ensure equality and freedom for all women and girls, he concluded.

How to Improve your Vocabulary There are 1,013,913 words in the English language, according to the Global Language Monitor, but how many do you use? Do you know just enough words to get by, or are you a master of erudite, insightful commentary? Vocabulary is about more than communication; it helps shape people’s thoughts and ambitions. Language is about more than making yourself understood. Limited vocabularies can affect people’s lives and their selfesteem. Whether you’re writing, interviewing for a job, talking to your friends or just thinking, your vocabulary really matters. But are we increasingly impoverished when it comes to language? And how can we build word wealth? Is it a problem? Despite modern fears of ‘dumbing down’ and text speak, vocabulary standards are falling, and the average person knows around 50,000 words. But what about texting? Surely all that ‘Av a gr8 nite m8’ culture must gradually damage the writer’s language skills. But the professor says that actually only 10% of words in text messages are abbreviated, and that it’s not the problem people think it is: “All the research in recent years is showing that the more you text the better your literacy scores, because texting is yet another technology that motivates people to read and write.” HOW TO LEARN NEW WORDS Whether it’s a growing problem or not, if you want to improve

your vocabulary, what’s the answer? Should you sit down and read the dictionary? The best approach is simply to read and write as much as possible which is what the internet motivates one to do. So that’s good news for anyone reading this; the internet, with its mountains of features and news stories, Wikipedia entries, discussions and debates can help you expand your vocabulary. Challenge yourself by ditching dull words in favour of more dynamic adjectives. You may know 50,000 words, but how many do you regularly use? Abandon words like ‘nice’ in favour of more descriptive and exciting terms. Using swear words for emphasis can become a bad habit, so try to find alternatives. If you’re struggling for a word then you can find alternatives in any online thesaurus. IMPROVING YOUR

CHILD’S VOCABULARY Many people are more ambitious for their children than themselves. You may not have time to read and improve your vocabulary, but you almost certainly want your children to shine. There is evidence that by the age of three, children from impoverished environments were using less than half the words of more advantaged kids. That’s why it’s so important to have books in the home and to listen to stories from parents. It’s just common sense. There may be too much focus on reading and writing, when actually it’s command of the spoken word that makes a real difference early on. This can be improved through drama, discussion and stories, so even if a child is struggling with reading and writing, their vocabulary can still be nourished.

Indian Call Centres Selling Britons’ Personal Data Indian call centres are selling confidential personal data, including credit card details and medical records, of over 500,000 Britons. Citing an undercover investigation by The Sunday Times, the Daily Mail said the data is being sold by “corrupt Indian call centre workers” to criminals and marketing firms. The report said that two Indians, claiming to be information technology workers at call centres, met undercover reporters and boasted of having 45 different sets of personal information on nearly 500,000 Britons. The data included names, addresses, and phone numbers of credit card

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holders, start and expiry dates as well as the three-digit security verification codes, the report said. Much of the information is related to customers at major financial companies, including HSBC and NatWest. An Indian named Naresh Singh, who met the undercover reporters in a hotel room in Gurgaon near Delhi, was allegedly carrying a laptop full of data, it said. “These are ones that have been sold to somebody already. This is Barclays, this is Halifax, this is Lloyds TSB. We’ve been dealing so long we can tell the bank by just the card number,” Singh was quoted as saying. He said much

of the data would be less than 72 hours old. Other information being sold was about mortgages, loans, insurance and mobile phone contracts. According to the report, call centres are a $5 billion industry in India, with an estimated 330,000 people employed by them. Many British companies outsource services to India. Conservative MP and member of the House of Commons’ public accounts select committee, Richard Bacon said this was not only a matter for the organisations involved but also the authorities.

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Notice of Motion on KASMIR by: Councillor Mohammad Maroof

That this Council:(a) notes that the Sheffield Girls College in Bagh, Azad Kashmir is completed and is due to be opened by the president of Azad Kashmir and members of the Kashmir Earthquake Relief Fund Sheffield’s management committee in

April 2012; (b) acknowledges the impressive work of the Sheffield based charity called KERF (Kashmir Earthquake Relief Fund) and thanks them for the helping hands they have provided to the people of Kashmir whose homes, businesses, livestock, educational institutions were destroyed and thousands of lives were taken by the deadly earthquake in 2005; (c) further acknowledges the effort of two of our former Lord Mayors, Councillor Jackie Drayton and Councillor Alan Law who had chosen the charity for one of the Lord Mayors charity appeals during terms of office and raised

thousands of pounds; (d) is pleased that its former Lord Mayor visited the earthquake area and laid the foundation stone by herself; (e) thanks for the contribution made by Councillors, MPs, MEPs, Members of House of Lords, businesses, political parties, trade unions, Council officers, schools, Sheffield Mosques, Pakistan Muslim Centre, Churches, Gurdwaras and Mandars, citizens of Sheffield and all the contributions coming from around the globe; (f) recognizes that this project was set up as a symbol of our lasting friendship and solidarity with the people of

Azad Kashmir following the enormous earthquake; (g) thanks to all other UK based charities who have raised funds for all other projects in the earthquake areas of Kashmir and Pakistan; (h) pays a tribute to international community who have pulled together and gave millions of pounds towards emergency shelters, food and medicine; and (i) acknowledges the need of continued support in the area in the coming months and years and sympathizes with the people of the earthquake area who have lost their loved ones.

Samsung copy Iphone design The Korean firm has been accused of modeling its products on Apple's designs, not least by Apple itself, which accused Samsung of "slavishly copying" the design of its iPhone and iPad. Lee Minhyouk, vice president for design at Samsung Mobile, said he was offended by the accusations. He said: "As a designer, there's an issue of dignity. [The Samsung Galaxy] is original from the beginning and I'm the one who made it. "It's a totally different product with a different design language and different technology infused."

Impressive Wosskow Brown Facilities Encourage Attercliffe Regeneration Plan Sheffield based Solicitors, Wosskow Brown, have recently undergone a £200,000 revamp of their office spaces in the Attercliffe and Gleadless areas of the city. Having been situated in the Banner Centre for over 20 years, the impressive revamp moves them to the ground floor of the building and closer to their clients. Managing partner, Ian Brown said: “We’ve been on the top floor of the Banner Centre for over 20 years. After listening to our client feedback we decided to make our facilities more accessible to our clients and the public. The new facilities have fantastic new ground floor meeting rooms, that both accommodate our growing client base and grant easy access for those less able. We also hope this will go someway towards encouraging new business in this area.” Head of Property and Immigra-

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tion, Mohammed Nazir said, “It’s always been our motto to offer that little bit extra in our service. The new facilities are designed with our clients in mind. By relocating to the ground floor we hope our less able clients will find it even easier to visit us. The new open plan areas flood the building with light and provide a relaxing environment too which not only makes it a great place for our clients but a great place to work too.” Wosskow Brown Solicitors is one of the leading firms of So-

licitors in South Yorkshire, with personal manner by dedicated local education and sports faciliroots going back over 150 years. lawyers. ties. They also subscribe to many They have developed a wide The firms’ efforts within the com- international incentives, namely the improvement of clean drinking water facilities in countries such as Pakistan, along with support for children living on rubbish sites across the world. Wosskow Brown’s regular advice slots on community radio stations have also proved popular. Over the last year the team have offered pro bono advice in both English and Urdu for those who would otherrange of high quality legal serv- munity gained notoriety over the wise find legal advice difficult to ices, delivered to individuals and past year, after launching numer- access. businesses in a professional and ous schemes aimed at improving Along with the impressive new

facilities, the service front at Wosskow Brown has also seen a revamp. New team members mean the firm are now able to offer a wide range of advice on commercial, immigration, property and personal injury matters. The team also maintained their Lexcel quality status this year, maintaining their position as the longest standing Lexcel accredited firm in Sheffield. This specialist Law Society accreditation is only awarded to Solicitors who meet the highest management and customer care standards. Why not see the new facilities for yourself? The office front can now be found just off Attercliffe Road, opposite Karachi Stores. So if you’re moving house, have a legal issue or just need legal advice, call into Wosskow Brown who will be happy to help, or call 0114 256 1560.

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Business Networking By: Amar Saleem

Business Development Manager Sheffield Chamber of Commerce Email: amar.saleem@scci.org.uk The importance of Networking for your business and how to network Business networking is an effective low-cost marketing method for developing sales opportunities and contacts, based on referrals and introductions - either face-to-face at meetings and gatherings, or by other contact methods such as phone, email, and increasingly social and business networking websites. A business network of contacts is both a route to market for you, and a marketing method. Business networking offers a way to reach decision-makers which might otherwise be very difficult to engage with using conventional advertising methods. Networking is about building a wide and relevant network of meaningful contacts - not just having lots of oneto-one meetings. Big strongly connected networks inevitably

capture more opportunities than networks with lots of holes and weak connections. In addition, business networking brings with it the added advantage of recommendation and personal introduction, which are always very helpful for developing business opportunities. Business networking is a way for you to make the maxim, “It’s not what you know, it’s who you know..” work for you. The principles and techniques of business networking are mostly common sense. Many of the behavioural principles apply also to business and relationships generally, and specifically to selling, managing, coaching, facilitating, etc. Consider that all sorts of professional people outside of the business community can also be very helpful networking contacts - for example, scientists, lecturers, educators, council-

lors, etc. When developing your networking plans, think beyond the people you’d typically see at other business networking events. Some of the most important connections are not business people, and consequently you need to be creative in reaching them. Seek and take opportunities to make a positive difference towards a positive aim (of anyone’s) wherever you can - even if some of these opportunities are unpaid and unrewarded in conventional terms. You will learn a lot, create new opportunities for yourself, and develop a reputation for producing good results out of nothing. This is a powerful personal characteristic which people find completely irresistible, there are currently many opportunities and networks to explore so be pro-active!

Northern Hub Investment Great for Sheffield

Deputy Prime Minister and Sheffield Hallam MP, Nick Clegg has welcomed the Coalition Government’s £130m investment in the Northern Hub, which will improve rail services between Sheffield and

Manchester. Nick Clegg has campaigned for many years for improvements at Dore. The announcement, revealed in the Budget, includes an extra platform and track at Dore.

Pakistani woman receives US courage award

Pakistan’s Shad Begum was among 10 of the world’s leading women activists the United States honoured last month for their efforts to improve the lives of other women. Shad Begum of Lower Dir district, KhyberPakhtunkhwa, received the 2012 International Women of Courage Award, at a ceremony in Washington, for working for women in a deeply conservative area. The region was run briefly by the militants before the Pakistan Army cleared it in May 2009. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and First Lady Michelle Obama presented the awards. Secretary Clinton noted that all 10 women had worked tirelessly to improve the lives of women and girls, sometimes at great personal risks. Some of them were also imprisoned and abused for their efforts, she noted. Ambassador Sherry Rehman, who also attended the ceremony, said Pakistan’s democratic government had enacted a series of legislative measures to protect and advance women’s rights. “We passed legislation criminalising sexual harassment in the workplace. We passed legislation making it mandatory to appoint neutral mediators at all levels to

adjudicate charges of sexual discrimination,” she said. “Another revolutionary legislation made it illegal to deprive a woman of her rightful inheritance, made it illegal to force a woman into marriage to settle a civil or criminal dispute; and banned compelling or arranging or facilitating a woman’s marriage to the Holy Quran.” In a brief biographical sketch, the US State Department introduced Shad Begum as “a courageous human rights activist and leader who has changed the political context for women in the extremely conservative district of Dir.” As founder and executive director of Association for Behaviour and Knowledge Transformation, Ms Shad provides political training, microcredit, primary education, and health services to women. Ms Shad not only empowered the women of Dir to vote and run for office, she herself ran and won local seats in the 2001 and 2005 elections against local conservatives who tried to ban female participation. “Despite threats, Ms Shad continues to work out of Peshawar to improve the lives of women in the communities of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,” the State Depart-

ment noted. Another recipient, Maryam Durani of Afghanistan, comes from the Kandahar province, among the country’s most conservative and most dangerous areas. But that has not stopped Ms Durani from speaking out for the rights of Afghan women and girls. As a member of Kandahar’s Provincial Council, director of the nonprofit Khadija Kubra Women’s Association for Culture, and owner and manager of the only local, female-focused radio station, “she is both a leader and a role model for women throughout Afghanistan”. A true woman of courage, Ms Durani has survived multiple attacks on her life, including a suicide attack in 2009 that resulted in serious injury. Although she continues to face regular threats, “she is undeterred in her mission to promote basic civil rights for all Afghans”, the State Department noted. Other award winners include Hana Elhebshi, a political activist from Libya, Samar Badawi, left, a political activist from Saudi Arabia, Aneesa Ahmed of Maldives, Hawa Abdallah Mohammed Salih of Sudan and Safak Pavey of Turkey.

Cancer Denial Killing Thousands in Britain

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Thousands of people in Britain are dying “unnecessarily” because they are too scared to mention early symptoms of cancer to their doctor. A survey of 2,000 people for Cancer Research UK said 40 percent might delay getting symptoms checked out by doctors because they are worried what they might find. The report said that 11,500 deaths due to cancer could be avoided every year in the country. The poll find-

ings suggested that a quarter of patients might delay seeing their doctor with symptoms because they fear they could be wasting their doctor’s time. And many people do not recognise which symptoms may

suggest cancer. More than three-quarters of people asked to list possible warning signs and symptoms of cancer failed to mention pain, coughing or problems with bowels or bladder. And more than two-thirds also failed to list bleeding. “Our report highlights just how much more we have to do to raise awareness about the early signs

of cancer,” said Cancer Research UK. “If patients are diagnosed when the cancer is still in its early stages before it has had a chance to spread to other parts of the body it is more likely that treatment will be successful. That is why it is so important for people to be aware of things that might be early signs of cancer.” “Of course we are all frightened of hearing that we may have cancer. But people need to know that catching the disease early gives them much better odds of surviving it. The best precaution anyone can take is to be on the lookout for any changes in their bodies that seem unusual for them and to get them checked by a doctor. We know that in many cases these things won’t turn out to be cancer. But don’t take the gamble of missing out on early diagnosis.

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NASA: Moon Evolved From a Flaming Ball of Fire The evolution of the Moon from a ball of fire 4.5 billion years ago into the satellite we see at night has been turned into a video by NASA. The video was created at its Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland and shows in 2.41min the changes from its early molten beginnings to the rugged silver-grey piece of rock that Neil Armstrong first set foot on in 1969. It was released to mark the 1,000th operational day of Nasa’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. Scientists believe that its remarkable journey began after a large

chunk of rock - the size of Mars - smashed into Earth causing part of our planet to be flung out into space. The force of the collision was so powerful it turned the chunk into a spinning ball of molten lava which slowly cooled over time. A combination of volcanic activity and repeated bombardment from other objects is what has given the Moon its heavily-cratered appearance – including a 2,500km-wide dent in its surface known as the South Pole Aitken Basin. The video can be found online.

Britain to Oppose Wearing Cross at Workplace A British minister has ordered government lawyers to oppose the right of Christian workers to wear a cross. On the directions of Equalities Minister Lynne Featherstone, the lawyers will call on European human rights judges to dismiss the claims of Christian workers who have been banned from displaying the symbol of their faith at work. The move means Prime Minister David Cameron’s coalition is now lined up against the Christian churches on a second bat-

tleground. Cameron is already at loggerheads with both Anglican and Roman Catholic churches over same-sex marriage.

Madhuri

Unveils her Wax Statue in London Bollywood diva Madhuri Dixit, known for her million-dollar smile, was “thrilled” to unveil her wax statue at the Madame Tussauds museum. The 44-year-old is the latest Indian film actor to join the A-list line-up at the Madame Tussauds wax museum, which also houses statues of Shah Rukh Khan, Aishwarya Rai, Hrithik Roshan, Salman Khan and Amitabh Bachchan. “I am thrilled to be here in Madame Tussauds unveiling a wax figure of myself. It’s incredible just how detailed the figure is - they have captured my look beautifully! I feel very humbled to be included alongside other Bollywood stars and some of my personal heroes,” Madhuri said in a statement on the museum’s official website. The star of films like

“Tezaab”, “Ram Lakhan”, “Sajan”, “Beta”, “Dil”, “Hum Aapke Hain Koun!”, “Dil Toh Pagal Hai” and “Devdas”, Madhuri is the sixth Bollywood celebrity to be honoured here at Madame Tussauds and only the second actress, following Aishwarya. Madhuri was involved in the creation of her figure from the start. She attended a sitting in Mumbai where sculptors captured a catalogue of reference photographs and hundreds of precise measurements to create the statue. She also donated the exquisite pink sari donned by the wax figure, which took four months to make at a cost of 150,000 pounds. The statue also has around its neck a heavy neckpiece, and the look is complete with the perfect smile that Madhuri is known for.

Easter fun comes to Rotherham Easter fun is set to come to the borough next month in a day filled with fun and excitement for all ages. Taking place on Saturday April 7, between 10am – 3pm, Rotherham town centre is playing host to a seasonal fayre that will feature an egg-citing mix all things crafty, including handmade and vintage items. There will be something for everyone and everyone is invited to a fantastic array of street stalls be traditional Easter activities, shops, a treasure hunt, Bungee both inside, and outside, of the including egg rolling, egg & trampolines and more. A brand Imperial Buildings. There will spoon, bunny hops, craft work- new attraction will be bringing

fun to the crowds this year as Gemima Toad and her friends, Easter Bunny, the Mad Hatter and Bertie Bunny, will appear five times throughout the day for half hour sessions meeting and greeting the children. Arriving in a car with music from Disney favourites including Charlie & The Chocolate Factory, The Muppets and Alvin & The Chipmunks, they will be delighting the egg-static.

British muslim women don’t mind being second Wives Muslim career women in Britain are opting for polygamous relationships on not being able to find suitable men. They are not hesitating to be a second or third wife. The Islamic Sharia Council, a Britain-based charity offering legal guidance to Muslims, claims to be receiving a high number of queries from women struggling to find suitable partners. Many of the women say they will prefer keeping high-profile jobs to looking after their husbands. Although

it is illegal in Britain to keep more than one wife, men marry again in a religious ceremony, allowing them to take up to four wives. Mizan Raja, 35, who organises Muslim marriages around the world, said he has had hundreds of calls in the last six months from women asking about becoming second wives. Raja said: “The demand for these relationships is led by the women, not the men. In one generation, women have become educated, entrepre-

neurial and professional. He said many Muslim men just wanted a “homemaker” who can come home to clean house and dishes and serve food on their dining table. The men don’t want the “headache” of being in a relationship with a professional woman. It is believed about 12,000 brides are brought to the Britain by Muslim men.

Over 900,000 lives saved with TB, HIV Services An estimated 910,000 lives were saved globally over six years by improving collaboration between TB and HIV services that protect people living with HIV from tuberculosis, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). As HIV weakens the immune system, people with HIV are much more likely to be infected with TB, so it is not unusual for people who are infected with one disease to also get infected with the other, quoted the Genevabased WHO.

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Since WHO proposed the initial guidance on collaboration between TB and HIV activities in 2004, the number of people living with HIV screened for TB increased almost 12-fold, from nearly 200,000 in 2005 to over 2.3 million people in 2010. Testing for HIV among TB patients surged from 470,000 to over 2.2 million, an increase of five-fold, between 2005 and 2010.

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The Historical Characters on our Banknotes We are likely to see many of their names and faces every day, but how much do we know about the historical characters on our banknotes? Since 2 November 2011, Matthew Boulton and James Watt have joined the range of people from the past whose portraits are found on the pound. Following a long process of selection, design and manufacture, the new £50 banknote is in circulation, with the industrialist and engineer as the first dual portrait produced on a Bank of England note. They have replaced Sir John Houblon, the first governor of the Bank of England, as the faces of the £50 note. So who can we find on our banknotes, and why have they been picked? The newcomers Anyone lucky enough to get their hands on a £50 will - on the newest notes - find the portraits of industrialist Matthew Boulton (1728-1809) and James Watt (1736-1819). The former, as an entrepreneur, was key to the emergence of Birmingham as a centre for manufacturing. Meanwhile, Watt was an engineer and scientist who improved the steam engine and, encouraged by Boulton, made one for the textile and cotton spinning industry. He introduced the term “horsepower” and the metric unit of power is named after him. The reason both appear on the £50 note is that their partnership brought steam-driven machinery to the minting of coins. Boulton established the Soho Mint, to support the Royal Mint, and produced coins of the highest quality. Also appearing on the £50 note - the first time he appears on any banknote - is Chris Salmon. While you will not see a portrait of him, his signature will become one of the most common and important in the country. That is

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because he is the chief cashier of the Bank of England, and without the signature of the person in that position on a Bank of England banknote, it is not legal. The current crop Some of the characters whose portraits can be found on Bank of England banknotes are house-

hold names but others, even though we see their pictures so regularly are not. Take the face of the fiver - Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845). She was the third daughter of Norwich banker John Gurney, who made her name as a social reformer. Her influence on prison reform

spread around the world. The portrait on the £5 note was from the time she was awarded the key to Newgate Prison in recognition of her work, especially in improving the conditions for women prisoners. Perhaps much better known is Charles Darwin (1809-1882),

the British scientist who laid the foundations of the theory of evolution and transformed the way we think about the natural world. The £10 note features HMS Beagle, the vessel on which Darwin collected a mass of specimens and notes from which he drew his most significant conclusions.

Retailers Join Crackdown on Underage Sales A group of Sheffield retailers have signed up to support the City Council’s crackdown on sales of age-restricted goods young people. Around 50 retailers from across the city received their Responsible Retailer Scheme certificates from the Lord Mayor, Councillor Sylvia Dunkley, in the Town Hall. The aim of the scheme is to restrict young people’s access to products such as tobacco, alcohol, solvents, knives, fireworks and spray paints. Retailers are kept informed about the laws relating to age-restricted products and encouraged to act in a responsible manner by refusing to sell these items to young cus-

tomers who cannot prove that they are old enough to purchase them. In today’s society it is becoming increasingly difficult to determine the ages of young customers and teenagers are becoming more and more confident, even aggressive, in their pursuit of age restricted products. When confronted by a young customer, retailers are advised to ask to see a recognised identification card or document bearing a current photograph and date of birth of the holder as proof of age before selling age-restricted items. Retailers are also invited to participate in Responsible Retailer

Scheme membership. The criteria for membership is simple; retailers have to abide by all age-restricted sales legislation and refuse to sell items to customers who are under age. Evidence of this compliance with legislation has also to be proved before scheme membership is granted. Proof of compliance is validated through a requirement that potential members obtain the signatures of 50 regular customers who are prepared to nominate the retailer for the award and back their claim that they act in a responsible manner when selling age restricted items.

Beware of Council Tax Cold Callers Rotherham residents are being asked to keep their eye out for companies claiming they can reduce householder’s Council Tax bills. There have been reports of companies cold calling householders, and posting leaflets through letterboxes claiming that for a fee they will “investigate” a change to your Council Tax banding. In reality, residents can do the same themselves for free! Despite the fact this service isn’t illegal, Rotherham Council Trading Standards Officers are advising people that it is a rela-

tively simple process to check if you are in the correct Council Tax band, and there is no need to pay over £100 to a company offering to do this for you. This includes people offering building work and other services such as council tax re-banding or debt management advice. If you are at all unsure about the services being offered, take the opportunity to discuss it with friends, relatives or neighbours – or give Consumer Direct a call on 08454 040506. You should never give anybody access to your home unless you

are absolutely sure of their identity, if in doubt close and lock the door. If you feel threatened or intimidated in any way, then contact the police by dialling 999. By going to the Rotherham Borough Council website and searching for ‘council tax’, you can easily browse all the information regarding your Council Tax band and view all your options. Alternatively, you can also call the Council Tax department on 01709 336006 and discuss your options.

Rising up the value chart, and onto the Bank of England £20 note, we can find one of the fathers of modern economics, Adam Smith (1723-1790). His theory of the division of labour, outlined in An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, has become fundamental for industry and commerce. Using an example of a pin factory, he explained how co-operation between workers in the factory, dividing tasks between them, raised their collective output. Until recently composer Edward Elgar featured on the £20 note, but these banknotes no longer had legal tender status after 30 June 2010. Sir John Houblon (1632-1712) features on the £50 note which will is almost completely phased out as it is replaced by the Boulton and Watt version. He was the first Governor of the Bank of England and the £50 note on which he appears was issued in 1994 - the 300th anniversary of the Bank.

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Club to Build $1bn Holiday Island

Light Within Light What if one were to lose themselves in prostration? Dissolve as light within light and fade in reflection If one were to pay attention to the emblems of Your essence The heart would sink in love as it comprehends Your presence What if the battles of my inner levels that surge Were to collide and attain peace as they merged What if You approve the request on my tongue And accept this attempt to worship, my Love To somehow give thanks for all of Your blessings When this beggar just wants to indulge in confessing To partake in this conversation is just so unnerving For my Love, I know, I am truly undeserving To request compassion when arrogance has weight To not read Your signs, but claim to have prayed To live without grace, unlike the flowers that bloom Devoid of mercy, unlike the clouds that move If one traced the source of the sweet morning rays Upon arriving at sight, their soul would set ablaze If one understood the mercy of the misty dew They would steadily, but certainly disappear in the truth

Top European football club Real Madrid has unveiled plans to spend $1bn (£630m) to build a lavish resort island in the United Arab Emirates, complete with luxury hotels, marina and amusement park. The opulent resort on the artificial island of Al Marjan also will house a 10,000-seat stadium, half of which will be open to the sea, as well as sports facilities, a club museum and a residential area. Madrid coach Jose Mourinho, director Zinedine Zidane, a host of first team players, and Real president Florentino Perez revealed the computer-generated

vision for the island. The project may be seen as unusual for a football club but if successful it may set a trend across the industry as clubs try to find new ways to make money. manchester United, for example, has a range of branded restaurants across Asia. Real believe their name, the potential of a unique location, a strategic meeting place and a project of unprecedented dimensions will attract 2,000 million people within less than 4 hours flight away. The club will open the 50-hectare resort in January 2015.

Outlandish and Zain Bhika at the Bridgewater Hall Islamic nasheed artists from across the world are to perform in as Islamic Relief UK presents ‘An Evening of Inspiration 2012’. The event will showcase some of the leading performers of Islamic cultural entertainment with famous names including Outlandish, Zain Bhika, Junaid Jamshed, Native Deen and Preacher Moss. The annual concert will see all proceeds donated to Islamic Relief’s projects in over 40 countries worldwide.

Outlandish is a multi award winning hip-hop group based in Denmark. The group consists of Isam Bachiri, Waqas Ali Qadri and Lenny Martinez. Zain Bhika is a South African singer-songwriter, who has achieved success as a performer of Islamic nasheed songs. Junaid Jamshed is a Pakistani recording artist who first found fame as the front man of the pop group – Vital Signs. Native Deen are an Islamic musical group from the Washington

D.C. who combine a hip-hop style with lyrical themes relating to Islam. Also performing at the concert is Preacher Moss who is an American comedian and writer. The evening will begin at 5.30pm at the Manchester Bridgewater Hall on Saturday April 7. Tickets are priced at £15 for adults and £10 for children under 12 years old. To purchase tickets call 0161 907 9000 or see www.bridgewater-hall.co.uk

They’d discover the path and lose themselves in prostration Dissolve as light within light and fade in reflection The senses would discern the emblems of Your essence The heart would sink in love as it comprehends Your presence

Make Sure Your Vote Will Count With just over one month to go, Rotherham residents are being reminded to make sure they can take part in the local elections on Thursday 3 May. People must make sure they are registered to vote in time for the elections. To do so, you must be on the electoral register to have your say on who sits on your council. If you have recently moved to the area, or moved house it is important to make sure that you register

at your new address otherwise you won’t be able to vote. It only takes a few minutes to complete a registration form but you must make sure the Electoral Office receives it by Wednesday 18 April. The Electoral Commission, the independent elections watchdog, is also reminding voters that they can still vote even if they can’t make it to the polling station on 3 May. “Even if you will be away on holi-

day, or think you might be caught up in work you can make sure you have your say by applying to vote by post or proxy. You can print off the forms from www.aboutmyvote.co.uk”. Registration forms and postal or proxy voting forms are available by calling the Rotherham Electoral Office on 01709 823590 or you can print a form from www. aboutmyvote.co.uk

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ity. Scientists believe even though chocolate is loaded with calories, it contains ingredients that may favour weight loss rather than fat synthesis. The study found that people eating chocolate a few times a week were, on aver-

age, slimmer than those who ate it occasionally. Despite boosting calorie intake, regular chocolate consumption was related to lower BMI. The link remained even when other factors, like how much exercise individuals

Head teachers at Bradford popstar Zayn Malik’s former schools spoke of their pride after he and his band One Direction became the first UK pop group in history to debut at number one in the US album chart. John Edwards, head of Lower Fields Primary said, despite Zayn’s huge success, he remained unaffected by his fame and still paid the occasional visit to the school in Fenby Avenue, Dudley Hill. Zayn’s rise to fame had been “astonishing” after One Direction finished third in the X Factor competition in 2010. The group sold 176,000 copies of their album – Up All Night – in the US in the space of a week. It topped the digital charts within minutes of its release recently. Seeing their first album at the top of the Billboard chart, is “beyond a dream come true”, for One

Direction. The previous highest entry for a UK group’s first album was number six, when the Spice Girls entered the US charts with their album Spice in 1997. It eventually climbed to the top spot after 14 weeks. One Direction have been conquering the US with a promotional tour in recent weeks. More than 10,000 fans are estimated to have turned up to see their first live TV performance in the US when they appeared on NBC’s Today Show in Rockefeller Plaza, New York. One Direction have already found huge fame among teenage fans in the UK. Up All Night went straight to number one at home and in 12 other countries with global sales of more than 4.2 million. Last month they picked up a best single Brit award for the track What Makes You Beautiful.

Pakistani Student Clinches World Mathematics Competition

Chocolates may help you stay SLIM People regularly eating chocolate tend to be thin, suggests a new study. The findings have been made from a study of nearly 1,000 people in the US that looked at diet, calorie intake and body mass index (BMI) -- a measure of obes-

One Direction and Zayn Malik Make Chart History in States

did, were taken into account. It appears it is how often you eat chocolate that is important, rather than how much of it you eat. The study found no link with quantity consumed.

A 15-year-old Pakistani student Moosa Feroz on Sunday won a gold medal in an Online World Mathematics Competition held in Australia. Over one point, about 5 million children from 100 counties around the globe took part in the competition which was held in the first week of March.

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PMC Health Mela and Presentation of Cheque to St. Luke’s Hospice. The Pakistan Muslim Centre (Sheffield) Ltd (PMC) held a Health MELA on Wednesday 28th March 2012 between 11:00 -15:00 at the PMC. The programme included Free Health checks (Diabetes, Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index (BMI) etc.) Chiropodist, Health Advisors, Massage and many other activities. More than 15 different organisations had their stalls at the event including, ZEST, St. Luke’s Hospice, Darnall Wellbeing, Boots, NHS to name a few. More than 100 people came and took advantage of the advice/in-

formation provided at the stalls. At the event a cheque for £500 was also presented to St Luke’s Hospice by Nadeem Najib on behalf of the PMC. This fund was raised through a Badminton Tournament organised by the PMC Sports Group in which more than 50 players took part as far as London, Leicester, Nottingham, Derby, Burton, Bradford and Leeds. Last year a similar tournament was also organised by the PMC Sports Group and £1100 was raised for Sheffield Children’s Hospital Scanner Appeal.

Pakistan Muslim Centre (PMC) celebrates Pakistan Day Pakistan Muslim Centre PMC celebrated Pakistan Day on 23rd of March where diginataried of Sheffield and Rotherham attended. Amongst the guests Colonal Yousaf shared his life experiences when Pakistan came into being and spoke about the difficulties muslims faced back in mid 40’s. He said that “we should be grateful to our elders who had the vision for a independant land for muslim, he said what young British Pakistani’s can do as Quaid -e Azam also studied in UK nad went back and founded Pakistan.

Rotherham Indoor Cricket league awards Teams from the indoor cricket league gatherred for their annual and awards ceremony. Program was conducted by Jawad Haider, who explained how the league has grown over 2 years, he said “ the league started with just 6 teams and now has 16 teams. Amongst the dignataties was Cllr Mahroof Hussain who donated £100, Cllr Shokat Ali £300, Chief Editor ILM News Syed Fayyaz Hussain £50, Yorkshire Trust £200 and well known businessman Habib Rehman of K&H Travel also assured of his continues support for the league. Amonst the guests were Steve Maddock & Mike Hesletine from new concept 20/20 cricket league, Last Man Standing.

A Pakistani Minister OWNS almost a Town! Muslim Vote registers a ‘Hisoric’ VICTORY A provincial minister in Pakistan owns a tract of land that equals a small town - 24,338 acres to be precise. Another wears diamondstudded Rolex watches while a lawmaker runs seven mines and owns 300 guns. Balochistan Chief Minister Nawab Muhammad Aslam Khan Raisani drives a luxury sport utility vehicle Hummer H2 that was gifted to him and a Harley Davidson motorcycle brought to Pakistan after a waiver on customs duty, showed statement of assets and liabilities submitted to the Election Commission for 2010-11. Besides owning a safety and security firm, he also has a mining company with a capital investment of Rs.106.5 million, the Dawn newspaper reported. But, he is easily overshadowed by his Minister for Home and Tribal Affairs, Mir Zafar Ullah Khan. Khan owns a staggering 24,338 acres of land, most of which he has inherited. He has Rs.51 million in two bank accounts. Building Minister Agha Irfan Karim owns four properties, including a farm house, 150 acres of agricultural land and a house in Quetta. Karim also two diamond-studded Rolex wrist watches, two more with gold and silver, 10 diamond-studded cufflinks and 200 tola of gold. Pir Abdul Qadir Algilani, a lawmaker, too has a generous land holding. He owns 3,200 acres of land and an under-construction farm spread over 400 acres. That’s not all. Algilani’s other properties include two coal mines, three manganese mines, one copper mine and one iron ore mine in his own and his wife’s name. He also has 300 guns.

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Nawab Muhammad Aslam Khan Raisani

Mir Zafar Ullah Khan

Agha Irfan Karim

George Galloway has inflicted a crushing humiliation on Labour as he made a sensational political comeback in a by-election he termed the “Bradford Spring”. The controversial Respect politician won a stunning victory in the Bradford West by-election, defeating Labour by more than 10,000 votes. The Tories were pushed into third place after the Budget backlash and fuel chaos, while the Liberal Democrats came fourth. But it is Labour and their leader Ed Miliband who were left stunned and perplexed by the scale of their defeat and Mr Galloway’s victory. In his victory speech, Mr Galloway invoked the series of uprisings that have toppled dictatorships across the Arab world as he called his victory the “Bradford Spring”. He said the people of Bradford had felt “neglected, even betrayed” by the “path of treason” set by Tony Blair in 1994. And he blamed New Labour’s involvement in “foreign war after foreign war” for leading the party astray. As he left again he was hoisted onto the shoulders of supporters as people chanted “Respect”, while others

said: “We love you George.” Mr Galloway was carried around the side of the building as his supporters continued to chant and cheer. The by-election was caused by the resignation due to ill health of Labour MP Marsha Singh, who had held the seat since 1997 and had a majority of 5,763 over the Tories at the 2010 general election. Mr Galloway, who was a Labour MP in Glasgow until his expulsion from the party over his opposition to the Iraq war, was making his third attempt at a comeback in the past two years. After defeating Oona King in Bethnal Green and Bow in 2005, he failed in a bid to oust former Labour minister Jim Fitzpatrick in another east London seat, Poplar and Limehouse, in 2010 and then unsuccessfully stood for the Scottish Parliament last year. His aggressive, anti-war campaign in Bradford West, in which he personally targeted Imran Hussein, infuriated Labour campaign chiefs. Mr Galloway directly appealed to Muslim voters, who make up nearly 40% of the electors in the constituency.

One in every five adults in Britain is functionally illiterate, or has insufficient reading and writing skills for ordinary practical needs. It means up to eight million people are so poor at reading and writing that they struggle in their daily lives. In a devastating condemnation of the British education system, they have difficulty reading a medicine label or simply using a chequebook. The findings by the World Literacy Foundation are contained in a report which focused on the world’s wealthi-

est nations. The findings are “shocking” for Britain. Britain with 21.8 percent has been ranked third-worst in reading and writing behind Italy (47 percent) and Ireland (22.6 percent). No matter whether you live in the developed or developing world, poor literacy is ruining lives. The US was found fourth-worst with 20 percent in “functionally illiterate” adults category. British pupils have slipped from the world’s seventh best in reading to 25th.

George Galloway celabraintg vy-election victory with supporters

Every Fifth British Adult is ILLITERATE

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K.O Doncaster Branch now open

The Kebabish experience dates back to over 2000 years of preparing, spicing marinating and cooking techniques. The fresh Asian grilled food tradition has sprung up in the UK since the 1980’s with great popularity all around

Kebabish Original restaurant and takeaway in Doncaster opened its doors last month to the true taste of the exciting dining experience it is known for. The opening night was well received by all and the food was excellent in deliver-

comfort and atmosphere where friends can meet and have a great time enjoying outstanding food in a relaxing environment. Key to the design of the restaurant is the stunning flame grill - a centre of action and a visual catalyst to the

the country and curry’s have become more popular that fish and chips. Lord Nazir Ahmed remarked that curry is the national food of Britain. Rich fresh grilled cuisine has seen people returning again and again for the traditional herbs and spices of authentic Punjabi grilled cuisine.

ing the true taste it promises. Our ILM News team were present for opening night for the genuinely warm and welcoming atmosphere from both owners and staff members. The restaurant is designed to be a fusion of what is traditional and contemporary whilst retaining the welcoming warmth,

exciting experience of Kebabish. The restaurant aims to ensure that everyone, whatever their diverse or varied background, will return time and time again - and very many do!! The welcome will want us to return again and become part of the Kebabish “family”!

Boom Predicted for UK Internet Industry The UK’s online industry is set to grow at an annual rate of 11%, according to a new report. It reveals the UK is ranked top of all G20 nations in terms of the amount the internet contributes to its GDP. It also shows that if the internet were isolated as a sector in its own right, then it would be the 5th largest in the UK; bigger than healthcare, education and construction. But new internet start-ups often find it hard to find funding because banks are unwilling to take a gamble on what is seen as a risky area of business. Instead such compa-

figures showed that those with the best websites performed better than rivals. The UK is working, shopping, playing and sometimes just killing time online. But the UK is still some way behind much of Europe though and critics might argue that it will take a very long time to catch up the continent’s leaders. Last week, the ten millionth .co. uk domain name was registered. When it comes to the internet, for people to come and work. The retail industry is learning just having the letters UK attached to how important an internet pres- your company name is highly deence is. Recent Christmas sales sirable. nies often have to rely on so-called “angel investors”. The UK’s geographical position makes it a very attractive place for companies to base themselves and

New Insulation Scheme Targets City’s Households A scheme to combat fuel poverty and climate change is being targetted at households in Sheffield. Sheffield City Council’s Free Insulation Scheme offers a package of free loft and cavity wall insulation to private householders in the city. It was launched in 2009 and recognised that good insulation has a big impact on tackling climate change. Working with Carillion Energy Services (formerly Eaga Insulation ) over 36,000 households have

been signed up for the scheme, with over 20,200 lofts and 8,500 cavity walls insulated. As part of the Council’s budget review, it is proposed that funding for the scheme will continue into 2012/13. There are two categories of priority household: Homeowners, private tenants and private landlords who have someone living in their property who is aged 70 or over; Homeowners, private

tenants and private landlords who have someone living in their property who is in receipt of benefits. Residents who want to sign up for the scheme should contact the Council on 0808 915 9096 (freephone) or 0114 203 9202 between 8am and 6pm, Monday to Friday, or e-mail insulation@sheffield.gov.uk. Alternatively, more information may be found by visiting www.sheffield.gov.uk/freeinsulation.

Choudhry Sarwar Hussain - Celebrating 115 years Businesses in Sheffield have made great marks on the city. With a niche in the market, Arooj has soared heights as weddings and functions now have a dedicated venue for events. The owner of Arooj is Sajid Hussain. But what’s more interesting is his grandfather, 115 year old Choudhry Sarwar Hussain. Mr Hussain is a living legend with over 200 descendents in the UK alone. ILM talked to him about his life spanning over 3 centuries. Remarkably, Choudhry Sahib has a great memory and recalled his childhood and youth in Kashmir. Born and raised in Basaar-Bihar, Dudhyal Mirpur, Azad Kashmir, Mr Hussain had 5 sons and 3 daughter. His sons Mohammad Ibrahim, Ghulam Mohammad, Ghulam

Hussain, Abdul Rahim and Mohammad Nazir, each remarkebly have 3 sons. He talked about the people in his family, about how they have been educated to high

levels, a contrast to his own youth. His family are his pride as he marvels at the advances they have made and success

NEED

they have achieved especially his grandson here in Sheffield. He has lived through 2 world wars, where the darkest days of the 20th century affected all the souls on this earth, but in contrast he has seen how technology has virtually out of nowhere boomed and prospered the world over and over again. He talked about the days of the partition like it was yesterday, about how he farmed his own land with his own hands, how those same hands became so strengthened that he became an arm wrestling fanatic. A cause dear to his heart is of course the Freedom for Kashmir and he hopes he will see this in his lifetime. ILM News wishes him well and hopes his hope for lasting peace in Kashmir is fulfilled in the near future.

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