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№ 5-6 (83-84) 2012 ÎÁÙÅÃÎÐÎÄÑÊÀß ÖÅÐÊÎÂÍÀß ÃÀÇÅÒÀ

www.vestnik.lavra.spb.ru

ДЕВЯНОСТО ЛЕТ ТРАГЕДИИ НА ЗАСЕДАНИИ ПРЕЗИДИУМА ИСПОЛКОМА ПЕТРОСОВЕТА 8 МАЯ 1922 ГОДА БЫЛО ПРИНЯТО РЕШЕНИЕ ПРОИЗВЕСТИ ВСКРЫТИЕ МОЩЕЙ СВЯТОГО БЛАГОВЕРНОГО КНЯЗЯ АЛЕКСАНДРА НЕВСКОГО ВО ВРЕМЯ ИЗЪЯТИЯ СЕРЕБРЯНОЙ РАКИ, ГДЕ ОНИ ПОЧИВАЛИ. САМА РАКА БЫЛА ОТПРАВЛЕНА В ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ ЭРМИТАЖ. ТАМ, НЕСМОТРЯ НА ВСЕ ПРОСЬБЫ ВЕРУЮЩИХ О ЕЁ ВОЗВРАЩЕНИИ, ОНА И ПОНЫНЕ ПРЕБЫВАЕТ В БЫВШЕМ ТАНЦЕВАЛЬНОМ ЗАЛЕ ЗИМНЕГО ДВОРЦА. hƒ ã!=›ä=…“*%L "%L…/ 0å!*%"ü "/øë=, …å“ì%2! …= ã%…å…, , " %“…%"å “"%åL …å“%*!3ø‘……%L. m% 3›å "“*%!å C%“ëå %*%…÷=…, K%å"/. äåL“2",L “2=ë, !=ƒ!=K=2/"=2ü“ Cë=…/ *=!ä,…=ëü…%ã% &!åøå…, [ C!%Këåì/ “3?å“2"%"=…, !åë,ã,%ƒ…/. %!ã=…,ƒ=ö,L " q%"å2“*%L p%““,,. n…, C%-C!å›…åì3 !=“öå…,"=ë,“ü *=* %CC%ƒ,ö,%……= "!=›äåK…= “,ë=, * 2%ì3 ›å !=“C%ë=ã="ø= ƒ…=÷,2åëü…/ì, ì=2å!,=ëü…/ì, öå……%“2 ì,, *%2%!/å C!åäC%ë=ã=ë%“ü ,ƒA 2ü. e?‘ "% "2%!%L C%ë%",…å …"=! 1918 ã%ä= K3ä3?,L “" ?å……%ì3÷å…,* , ì,2!%C%ë,2 oå2!%ã!=ä“*,L, = " 2% "!åì K/"ø,L "!åìå……/ì 3C!="ë þ?,ì oå2å!K3!ã“*%L åC=!.,åL åC,“*%C cä%"“*,L bå…,=ì,… “ ›å!2"å……%L !åø,ì%“2üþ "“2=ë …= ƒ=?,23 `ëå*“=…ä!%-må"“*%L k="!/, C%ìå?å…, , ,…"å…2=!ü , öå……%“2, *%2%!%L C/2=ë“ !å*",ƒ,!%"=2ü "%ƒãë="ë åì/L `.l. j%ëë%…2=L m=!*%ì=2 ã%“3ä=!“2"å……%ã% C!,ƒ!å…, . eã% !åø,2åëü…= C%ƒ,ö, "% ì…%ã%ì “C%“%K“2"%"=ë= 2%ì3, ÷2% %K,2åëü 2%ãä= 3ä=ë%“ü %2“2% 2ü.

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onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

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ÎÁÙÅÃÎÐÎÄÑÊÀß ÖÅÐÊÎÂÍÀß ÃÀÇÅÒÀ

«ÂÅÑÒÍÈÊ ÀËÅÊÑÀÍÄÐÎ-ÍÅÂÑÊÎÉ ËÀÂÐÛ» È ñâåò âî òüìå ñâåòèò... (Èí., 1, 5; ñë) Ôîòî ïåðâîé ïîëîñû: Âñêðûòèå ðàêè ñâÿòîãî áëàãîâåðíîãî êíÿçÿ Àëåêñàíäðà Íåâñêîãî áîëüøåâèêàìè â 1922 ãîäó. Àðõèâíîå ôîòî № 5-6 (83-84), 2012 Òèðàæ 3 000 ýêç.

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Ó÷ðåäèòåëü è èçäàòåëü: Ñâÿòî-Òðîèöêàÿ Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêàÿ Ëàâðà (ìóæñêîé ìîíàñòûðü) Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãñêîé åïàðõèè Ðóññêîé Ïðàâîñëàâíîé Öåðêâè (Ìîñêîâñêèé Ïàòðèàðõàò). Çàðåãèñòðèðîâàíî Ñåâåðî-Çàïàäíûì îêðóæíûì ìåæðåãèîíàëüíûì òåððèòîðèàëüíûì óïðàâëåíèåì ÌÏÒÐ ÐÔ. Ñâèäåòåëüñòâî î ðåãèñòðàöèè ÏÈ № 2-6139 îò 23.09.2002. Ñâèäåòåëüñòâî î ïðèñâîåíèè ãðèôà "Îäîáðåíî Ñèíîäàëüíûì èíôîðìàöèîííûì îòäåëîì Ðóññêîé Ïðàâîñëàâíîé Öåðêâè" № 180 îò 06 îêòÿáðÿ 2011 ãîäà.

Àäðåñ ðåäàêöèè è èçäàòåëÿ: 193167, Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðã, íàá. ðåêè Ìîíàñòûðêè, 1 Òåëåôîí/ôàêñ: (812) 274-18-24 vestniklavra@gmail.com Ðåäàêöèÿ íå âñòóïàåò â ïåðåïèñêó ñ ÷èòàòåëÿìè. Ðóêîïèñè íå ðåöåíçèðóþòñÿ è íå âîçâðàùàþòñÿ. Ãàçåòà îòïå÷àòàíà ñ ãîòîâûõ äèàïîçèòèâîâ â òèïîãðàôèè ÎÎÎ «ôèðìà"Êóðüåð"», 196105, Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðã, Áëàãîäàòíàÿ óë., ä. 63. Çàêàç № 828. Ïîäïèñàíî â ïå÷àòü ïî ãðàôèêó è ïî ôàêòè÷åñêîìó âðåìåíè 25. 05. 2012 ã. Öåíà ñâîáîäíàÿ.

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påä=*ö, "/!=›=å2 Kë=ã%ä=!…%“2ü ƒ= Kå“*%!/“2…3þ ,…-%!ì=ö,%……3þ C%ì%?ü.

Íàø àäðåñ â èíòåðíåòå:

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onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

3 ЖИЗНЬ ЦЕРКВИ

~ahkei

mhjnk|qjncn qnanp`  äåíü ïðàçäíîâàíèÿ ïåðåíåñåíèÿ ìîùåé ñâÿòèòåëÿ è ÷óäîòâîðöà Íèêîëàÿ èç Ìèð Ëèêèéñêèõ â Áàðè, 22 ìàÿ 2012 ãîäà, Ñâÿòåéøèé Ïàòðèàðõ Ìîñêîâñêèé è âñåÿ Ðóñè Êèðèëë ñîâåðøèë Áîæåñòâåííóþ ëèòóðãèþ â âåðõíåì õðàìå â ÷åñòü Áîãîÿâëåíèÿ Ãîñïîäíÿ ïåòåðáóðãñêîãî ÍèêîëîÁîãîÿâëåíñêîãî Ìîðñêîãî ñîáîðà, îòìå÷àþùåãî â ýòîì ãîäó ñâî¸ 250-ëåòèå. Çà Ëèòóðãèåé áûëà ñîâåðøåíà õèðîòîíèÿ àðõèìàíäðèòà Ìñòèñëàâà (Äÿ÷èíû) âî åïèñêîïà Ëîäåéíîïîëüñêîãî, âèêàðèÿ Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãñêîé åïàðõèè. o% %*%…÷=…,, K%ã%“ë3›å…, o!åä“2% 2åëü p3““*%L 0å!*", %K!=2,ë“ * “%K!="ø,ì“ “ oå!"%“" 2,2åëü“*,ì “ë%"%ì. n2ìå2,", ÷2% “ .2,ì .!=ì%ì “" ƒ=…% %÷å…ü ì…%ã%å 3 …åã% ë,÷…%, ÷2% “ %2!%÷å“2"=, “ þ…/. ëå2 %… !åã3ë !…% C%“å?=ë .2%2 .!=ì, q" 2åLø,L bë=ä/*=, " ÷=“2…%“2,, “*=ƒ=ë: &q “%"å!øå……% %“%K/ì ÷3"“2"%ì ì/ “åã%ä… ì%ë,ë,“ü C%ä “"%ä=ì, .2%ã% ,“2%!,÷å“*%ã%, …=ì%ëå……%ã%, *=* 3›å K/ë% “*=ƒ=…%, C!å*!=“…%ã% “%K%!=, , Cå!åä ì/“ëå……/ì "ƒ%!%ì C!%.%ä,ë= ,“2%!, p%““,,, 2=*= …åC!%“2= . 250 ëå2 2%ì3 …=ƒ=ä …=ø= “2!=…= Cå!å›,"=ë= ì%?…/L ö,",ë,ƒ=ö,%……/L Cå!åë%ì, , ì…%ã,ì *=ƒ=ë%“ü, ÷2% q" 2%L p3“, …=“2=ë *%…åö, ì…%ã,ì *=ƒ=ë%“ü, ÷2% C!å“å*ë=“ü 2!=ä,ö, , C%2%ì3 ÷2% , “=ì ã%!%ä oå2å!K3!ã, *%2%!/L “2!%,ë“ C% %K!=ƒö3 ƒ=C=ä…%å"!%CåL“*,. ã%!%ä%", , %“%Kå……% .!=ì/ " ƒ=C=ä…%å"!%CåL“*%ì “2,ëå K=!%**%, ì=ë% …=C%ì,…="ø,å 2!=ä,ö,%……/å !3““*,å .!=ì/, # "“‘ .2% K/ë% %÷å…ü ä=ëå*% %2 *3ëü23!/ K%ëüø,…“2"= ëþäåL, , ì…%ã,ì *=ƒ=ë%“ü, ÷2% p%““, %*=ƒ=ë=“ü …= …åC!=",ëü…%ì C32,, ÷2% "“‘ ìå… å2“ * .3äøåì3. dåL“2",2åëü…%, …å "“‘ “=ì%å ä%K!%å C!,øë% 2%ãä= …= …=ø3 ƒåìëþ. m% 2å, *2% ä3ì=ë, ÷2% C!,Kë,›=þ2“ C%“ëåä…,å "!åìå…=, %ø,Kë,“ü. h ã%!%ä q=…*2-oå2å!K3!ã, C%“2!%å……/L *=* ƒ=C=ä…%å"!%CåL“*= “2%ë,ö=, , “%K%!/ q=…*2-oå2å!K3!ã=, C%“2!%å……/å 2=*, *=* “2!%,ë,“ü öå!*", …= g=C=äå, …å “2=ë, ÷3›,ì, …=øåì3 …=!%ä3, C%2%ì3 ÷2% ãë="…%å, ÷2% ,ƒìå… å2 ä=›å -%!ì3, # .2% ä3. ÷åë%"å*=. h p%““, , , oå2å!K3!ã …,*%ãä= …å %2“23C,ë, # ä=›å " 2% “ë%›…%å "!åì " XVIII "å*å, *%ãä= %“" ?‘… K/ë .2%2 “%K%!, # %2 ,“2,… o!="%“ë=", , "%öå!*%",ë,“ü !3““*,ì C!="%“ë="…/ì ä3.%ì , “,ë%L 2/“ ÷åëå2…åL 2!=ä,ö,,. qåã%ä… …,*%ì3 , " ã%ë%"3 …å C!,ä‘2 ã%"%!,2ü C!% C%“2!%å……/å C% ƒ=C=ä…/ì %K!=ƒö=ì “%K%!/ , .!=ì/

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onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


4

N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

ИСТОРИЯ ЦЕРКВИ

«На нашем языке изложили правую христианскую веру» Каждый год, 24 мая, мы отмечаем государственный праздник – День славянской письменности и культуры. Праздник этот установлен был ещё во времена СССР, в 1986 году, а 30 января 1991 года Президиум Верховного Совета РСФСР принял постановление о ежегодном проведении «Дней славянской культуры и письменности». Но далеко не все в то время знали, что приурочен этот день был к церковному празднику - Дню памяти святых равноапостольных братьев Кирилла и Мефодия, учителей словенских – создателей славянской азбуки. Хотелось бы вспомнить вместе с читателем, как рождалась письменность на славянском языке, с какими лишениями и противодействием столкнулись святые равноапостольные Кирилл и Мефодий при выполнении этой сложнейшей задачи, и попытаться понять историческое значение данного события – обретения славянами азбуки. b “2%ë,ö3 b,ƒ=…2,L“*%L ,ìCå!,, " 863 ã%ä3 C!,K/ë% C%“%ëü“2"% %2 *… ƒ p%“2,“ë="=, C!=",2åë båë,*%ì%!="“*%L äå!›="/. }2% ã%“3ä=!“2"% K/ë% %ä…,ì ,ƒ Cå!"/. 3 “ë=" … , C!%“3?å“2"%"=ë% “ 830 C% 906 ã%ä/. båë,*= l%!=", 3›å C!,… ë= .!,“2,=…“2"% , "%øë= " “%“2=" ƒ=ëüöK3!ã“*%ã% =!.,åC,“*%C“2"=. m% K%ã%“ë3›å…,å " 23 C%!3 “%"å!ø=ë%“ü …= ÷3›ä%ì , …åC%… 2…%ì äë “ë=" … ë=2,…“*%ì ƒ/*å. IX "å*å å?‘ …å C!%,ƒ%øë% %-,ö,=ëü…%ã% !=ƒ!/"= ìå›ä3 o!="%“ë="…%L , j=2%ë,÷å“*%L öå!*"=ì,, …% !=ƒ…,ö= " ìå2%ä=. %K!=?å…, …%"/. .!,“2,=… K/ë= …=ë,ö%. p,ì %“3?å“2"ë ë !=“C!%“2!=…å…,å “"%åã% "ë, …, ƒ=÷=“23þ "å“üì= ›‘“2*,ì, ìå2%ä=ì,, C%ä="ë !=ƒ",2,å …=ö,%…=ëü…/. *3ëü23!, ë,2å!=23!…/. ƒ/*%" , C,“üìå……%“2,. b,ƒ=…2, ›å “2!åì,ë=“ü …å “2%ëü*% ƒ="%å"=2ü , C%*%!,2ü “%“åä…,å …=!%ä/, “*%ëü*% "%"ëå÷ü ,. " “"%L !åë,ã,%ƒ…/L , *3ëü23!…/L ì,!, “äåë=2ü ,. C%ë,2,÷å“*,ì, “%þƒ…,*=ì,. b,ƒ=…2,L“*,å "ë=“2, …å C!åC 2“2"%"=ë, ì,!…%ì3 !=““åëå…,þ “ë=" … …= 2å!!,2%!,, ,ìCå!,,, "*ëþ÷=ë, “ë=" …“*,. "%,…%" " “%“2=" “"%åL =!ì,,, ä%C3“*=ë, “ë=" …“*3þ ƒ…=2ü …= =äì,…,“2!=2,"…/å ä%ë›…%“2,. m= 2å!!,2%!,, b,ƒ=…2,, ä3.%"å…“2"% …å "ƒ,ì=ë% %K ƒ=2åëü…%L äå“ 2,…/ , “3?å“2"%"=ë% …= ä%K!%"%ëü…/å C%›å!2"%"=…, . b%“2%÷…%-o!="%“ë="…= 0å!*%"ü …å 2%ëü*% …å C!åC 2“2"%"=ë=, …% ä=›å “C%“%K“2"%"=ë= “%ƒä=…,þ 3 "…%"ü %K!=?‘……/. " .!,“2,=…“2"% …=!%ä%" “"%åL C,“üìå……%“2,, Cå!å"%ä3 …= ìå“2…/å ƒ/*, K%ã%“ë3›åK…/. *…,ã , %2C!="ëå…,þ “ë3›K …= “"%,. ƒ/*=.. b,ä,ì%, .2% , C%“ë3›,ë% C!,÷,…%L 2%ã%, ÷2% ì%!="“*,L *… ƒü %K!=2,ë“ ,ìå……% * b,ƒ=…2,,. nƒ=K%÷å……/L 2åì, ÷2% åC,“*%C/ , ä3.%"å…“2"% “2=ë, %!3ä,åì ãå!ì=…“*%L C%ë,2,÷å“*%L .*“C=…“,,, p%“2,“ë=" C!%“,ë ",ƒ=…2,L“*%ã% ,ìCå!=2%!= l,.=,ë= III …=C!=",2ü " båë,*3þ l%!=",þ …=“2="…,*=, *%2%!/L ì%ã K/ %“3?å“2"ë 2ü C!%C%"åäü …= “ë=" …“*%ì ƒ/*å. j… ƒü C,“=ë: &u%2 ëþä, …=ø, ƒ/÷å“2"% %2"å!ãë, , äå!›=2“ ƒ=*%…= .!,“2,=…“*%ã%, …å2 3 …=“ 2=*%ã% 3÷,2åë , ÷2%K/ …= …=øåì ƒ/*å ,ƒë%›,ë C!="3þ .!,“2,=…“*3þ "å!3… Š=* C%øë, …=ì, "ë=ä/*=, åC,“*%C= , 3÷,2åë 2=*%-

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onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.

j,!,ëë , lå-%ä,L …= C=ì 2…,*å &1000-ëå2,å p%““,,[ " båë,*%ì m%"ã%!%äå

g=ä=÷= …= .2%2 !=ƒ K/ë= K%ëåå “ë%›…%L $ …å%K.%ä,ì% K/ë% …å 2%ëü*% …å“2, që%"% a%›üå …%"%%K!=?‘……/ì .!,“2,=…=ì, …% , “%ƒä=2ü C,“üìå……%“2ü " C!%öå““å C!=*2,÷å“*%ã% Cå!å"%ä= a,Kë,, …= “ë=" …“*%å …=!å÷,å , !=ƒ!=K%2=2ü Cå!"/L ë,2å!=23!…/L ƒ/* “ë=" …. h p%“2,“ë=", , *%…“2=…2,…%C%ëü“*,å "ë=“2,, , j%…“2=…2,… …å Kåƒ %“…%"=…,L C%ë=ã=ë,, ÷2% " 23 C%!3 ƒ/* “ë=" … ",ƒ=…2,L“*,. %Kë=“2åL, a%ëã=!,, , båë,*%L l%!=",, ì%ã !=““ì=2!,"=2ü“ *=* åä,…/L, “ëåä%"=2åëü…%, C,“üìå……/å 2å*“2/ …= …%"%ì ë,2å!=23!…%ì ƒ/*å K3ä32 C%… 2…/ "“åì “ë=" …=ì. e?‘ ä% %2Aåƒä= j%…“2=…2,… “%ƒä=ë =ƒK3*3 , …=÷=ë !=K%23 C% Cå!å"%ä3 e"=…ãåë, “ ã!å÷å“*%ã% …= “ë=" …“*,L. b båë,*3þ l%!=",þ "ìå“2å “ K!=2%ì %2C!=",ë“ , lå-%ä,L. kå2%ì 863 ã%ä= Cå!"%3÷,2åë, “ë=" …“*,å C!,K/ë, " båëåã!=ä, ãäå K/ë, "“2!å÷å…/ *… ƒåì p%“2,“ë="%ì “ K%ëüø,ì C%÷‘2%ì. a!=2ü C%ë3÷,ë, %2 *… ƒ ì…%ã% 3÷å…,*%" , …=÷=ë, !=K%23 C% ,. C%äã%2%"*å, = 2=*›å Cå!å"%ä3 …= “ë=" …“*,L ƒ/* "“åã% q" ?å……%ã% o,“=…, , K%ã%“ë3›åK…%L ë,2å!=23!/. m% …= C32, Cå!"%3÷,2åëåL “ë=" …“*,. "%ƒ…,*ë% “å!ü‘ƒ…%å C!åC 2“2",å: C%“*%ëü*3 …, %ä,… ,ƒ …,. …å K/ë åC,“*%C%ì, %…, …å ì%ãë, !3*%C%ë=ã=2ü “" ?å……,*%". måìåö*,å ›å åC,“*%C/, ",ä " K%ã%“ë3›å…,, …= “ë=" …“*%ì ƒ/*å “å!ü‘ƒ…3þ *%…*3!å…ö,þ, …å “%K,!=ë,“ü C%ääå!›,"=2ü C%“ëåä%"=2åëåL j%…“2=…2,…= , lå-%ä, . h“C/2/"= C!%2,"%äåL“2",å *=2%ë,÷å“*%ã% ä3.%"å…“2"=, j%…“2=…2,… , lå-%ä,L !åø,ë, %2C!=",2ü“ ƒ= C%ääå!›*%L " p,ì, C%“*%ëü*3 l%!=", …=.%ä,ë=“ü " þ!,“ä,*ö,, !,ì“*%L *=-åä!/. o% C32, K!=2ü “äåë=ë, %“2=…%"*3 " o=……%…“*%ì *… ›å“2"å, !=“C%ë=ã="øåì“ " !=L%…å aë=2å…“*%ã% %ƒå!=


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

5 ИСТОРИЯ ЦЕРКВИ

(…/…å $ %ƒå!% a=ë=2%… " bå…ã!,,). j%…“2=…2,… C%*=ƒ=ë “ë=" …“*,å *…,ã, *… ƒþ j%öåë3, *%2%!/L …å 2%ëü*% “=ì "/3÷,ë“ ã!=ì%2å, …% , ä=ë 3÷å…,*%" äë ä=ëü…åLøåL C%äã%2%"*,. b2%!%L *!3C…%L %“2=…%"*%L K!=2üå" K/ë= bå…åö, , ãäå “%K!=ë,“ü C!%2,"…,*, K%ã%“ë3›å…, …= “ë=" …“*%ì ƒ/*å, C!,ƒ…="="ø,å " *=÷å“2"å ä%“2%L…/. a,Kë,, ƒ/*%" 2%ëü*% ë=2,…“*,L, ã!å÷å“*,L , ä!å"…åå"!åL“*,L. }2% %K%“…%"/"=ë, 2åì, ÷2% …=äC,“ü …= *!å“2å, …= *%2%!%ì K/ë !=“C 2 qC=“,2åëü, K/ë= …=÷å!2=…= …= .2,. 2!‘. ƒ/*=.. o%“*%ëü*3 …=äC,“ü K/ë= “äåë=…= C% C!,*=ƒ3 o%…2, o,ë=2=, 2% “2%!%……,*%" .2%L ä%*2!,…/ …=ƒ/"=ë, 2!, ƒ/÷…,*=ì,, ,ë, C,ë=2…,*=ì,. j%…“2=…2,…= “C!%“,ë,, *=* ›å äå!ƒ…3ë %… “ë%›,2ü C,“üìå…=, &*%2%!/. …å ƒ…=ë, …, =C%“2%ë/, …, C=C= !,ì“*,L, …, c!,ã%!,L a%ã%“ë%", …, hå!%…,ì, …, `"ã3“2,…?[ t,ë%“%- %2"å÷=ë: &må ,ä‘2 ë, ä%›äü %2 a%ã= !="…% …= "“å., …å “, å2 ë, äë "“å. “%ë…öå, …å !="…% ë, ì/ "“å "ä/.=åì "%ƒä3.? j=* ›å "/ …å “2/ä,2å“ü ë,øü 2!, ƒ/*= C!,ƒ…="=2ü, = C!%÷,ì "“åì …=!%ä=ì , Cëåìå…=ì "åë,2å K/2ü “ëåC/ì, , ãë3.,ì,? q*=›,2å ì…å, ƒ=÷åì "/ äåë=å2å a%ã= …åì%?…/ì, *=* å“ë, K/ …å ì%ã ä=2ü …=!%ä=ì “"%åã% C,“üì=, ,ë, ƒ=",“2ë,"/ì, *=* å“ë, K/ …å .%2åë ä=2ü? l/ ›å ƒ…=åì ì…%ã,å …=!%ä/, *%2%!/å "ë=äåþ2 ,“*3““2"%ì C,“üì= , "%ƒä=þ2 ."=ë3 a%ã3 *=›ä/L …= “"%‘ì ƒ/*å. hƒ"å“2…%, ÷2% 2=*%"/: =!ì …å, Cå!“/, =K.=ƒ/, ã!3ƒ,…/, “3ãä/, ã%2/, ="=!/, 23!*,, .=ƒ=!/, =!=K/, åã,C2 …å, “,!,Lö/ , ,…/å ì…%ã,å. e“ë, .2%ã% C%… 2ü …å .%2,2å, 2% C3“2ü "=ì K3ä32 “3äü‘þ “ë%"= j…,ã o,“=…, . d=",ä "åäü "%C,å2, ã%"%! : o%L2å c%“C%ä3 "“ ƒåìë , C%L2å c%“C%ä3 Cå“…ü …%"3þ[. o%Kåä= " “C%!å “ C,ë=2…,*=ì, C%äã%2%",ë= K!=2ü ì Kë=ã%“*ë%……/L C!,‘ì " p,ìå. h äåL“2",2åëü…%, *%ãä= “%ë3…“*,å K!=2ü C!,K/ë, 23ä=, C!,"åƒ “ “%K%L ÷=“2ü ì%?åL “" 2%ã% jë,ìå…2=, ,. "“2!å÷=ë “=ì C=C= `ä!,=… II. n… %“" 2,ë “ë=" …“*,å *…,ã, , !=“C%! ä,ë“ !3*%C%ë%›,2ü 3÷å…,*%" j%…“2=…2,…= , lå-%ä, " “=… “" ?å……,*%". b q%K%!å q" 2%ã% oå2!=, = ƒ=2åì , " ä!3ã,. “%K%!=. p,ì= Cåë=“ü k,23!ã, …= “ë=" …“*%ì ƒ/*å. m=.%ä “ü " p,ìå, j%…“2=…2,…, …å %2ë,÷="ø,L“ -,ƒ,÷å“*,ì ƒä%!%"üåì, 2 ›åë% ƒ=K%ëåë. b äå*=K!å 868 ã%ä= %… C!,… ë ,…%÷å“*,L “=…, ,ƒK!=" “åKå ,ì j,!,ëë. b C%“ëåä…,. Kå“åä=. %… C!,ƒ/"=ë K!=2= …å %“2="ë 2ü 3÷,2åëü“2"%, C%…,ì= ƒ…=÷å…,å .2%L äå 2åëü…%“2,. j,!,ëë C!å“2=",ë“ 14 -å"!=ë 869 ã%ä=, " "%ƒ!=“2å “%!%*= ä"3. ëå2, …= C 2,äå“ 2/L äå…ü C% C%“2!,›å…,,. n… K/ë “ K%ëüø,ì, C%÷å“2 ì, C%.%!%…å… " p,ìå " öå!*", “" 2%ã% jë,ìå…2= ! ä%ì “ ä%“2="ëå……/ì, ,ì ì%?=ì,. qìå!2ü %ä…%ã% ,ƒ K!=2üå", Këå“2 ?åã% 3÷‘…%ã% , 2å%!å2,*=, …=…å“ë= “3?å“2"å……/L 3!%… äåë3 !=ƒ",2, “ë=" …“*%ã% K%ã%“ë3›å…, , C,“üìå……%“2,. m% å“ë, j,!,ëë K/ë

“*%!åå "/ä=þ?,ì“ 2å%!å2,*%ì, 2% lå-%ä,L "ë ë“ 3ìåë/ì C!=*2,*%ì $ %!ã=…,ƒ=2%!%ì , ä,Cë%ì=2%ì. b 2å÷å…,å K%ëåå ÷åì C%ë32%!= äå“ 2*%" ëå2 %… C!%ä%ë›=ë %K?åå äåë%, …å“ì%2! …= 2!3ä…%“2, , ã%…å…, . o% C!%“üKå *… ƒ j%öåë= `ä!,=… II " 869 ã%ä3 …=C!=",ë lå-%ä, " o=……%…,þ. o!, .2%ì C=C= !å*%ìå…ä%"=ë, ÷2%K/ "% "!åì ìå““/ e"=…ãåë,å ÷,2=ë, C%-ë=2/…,, = ƒ=2åì C%-“ë=" …“*,. bC!%÷åì, `ä!,=… II …å "%ƒ"‘ë lå-%ä, " åC,“*%C“*,L “=…, , 2%ëü*% C%“ëå C%"2%!…%L C%åƒä*, " p,ì " 870 ã%ä3 “ë=" …“*,L C!%“"å2,2åëü “2=ë =!.,åC,“*%C%ì l%!=",, , o=……%…,,. m% " .2% "!åì " båë,*%L l%!=",, C!%,ƒ%ø‘ë Cå!å"%!%2. oëåì ……,* *… ƒ p%“2,“ë="= q" 2%C%ë*, “2=" "=““=ë%ì "%“2%÷…%-!=…*“*%ã% *%!%ë

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2%ã% "!åìå…, " “%%K?å“2"% …=!%ä%" , ã%“3ä=!“2" e"!%C/. o!,%K?å…,å * .!,“2,=…“*,ì ä3.%"…/ì , *3ëü23!…/ì öå……%“2 ì …å 2%ëü*% “/ã!=ë% “3?å“2"å……3þ !%ëü " !=ƒ",2,, “=ì%ã% “ë=" …“2"=, …% , ",ë%“ü "=›…%L "å.%L "“åL å"!%CåL“*%L ,“2%!,,. må " C%“ëåä…þþ %÷å!åäü "“ëåä“2",å .2%ã% “ë=" …å “2=ë, 2åì K=!üå!%ì, *%2%!/L " 2å÷å…,å …å“*%ëü*,. "å*%" %2ã%!=›,"=ë .!,“2,=…“*3þ e"!%C3 %2 …å.!,“2,=…“*%L `ƒ,,, = 2=*›å C%ì%ã=ë 3“2=…%"ëå…,þ å"!%CåL“*%-=ƒ,=2“*%ã% ä,=ë%ã=. b .2%ì C%ë,2,÷å“*%å , ,“2%!,÷å“*%å ƒ…=÷å…,å C!,… 2, .!,“2,=…“2"= , ƒ/*= *,!,ëë%-ìå-%ä,å"“*%L C!%C%"åä,. qëåä3å2 %2ìå2,2ü *3ëü23!…%-C!%“"å2,2åëü“*3þ !%ëü öå!*%"…%-“ë=" …“*%ã% ƒ/*=. båäü " ä%!å"%ëþö,%……3þ .C%.3 ,ìå……% Kë=ã%ä=! a,Kë,, , o“=ë2/!, ëþä, …åC!,",ëåã,!%"=……/. “%“ë%",L "Cå!"/å 3÷,ë,“ü ÷,2=2ü , C,“=2ü. dë …=3*, .2% ä!å"…åLø= C,“üìå……= Cå!åä=÷= “ë=" …“*%L !å÷,, Kå“öå……/L *ë=äåƒü “"åäå…,L % ä!å"…åì “%“2% …,, …=øåã% $ , …å 2%ëü*% …=øåã% $ ƒ/*=. j!%ìå 2%ã%, " 2å÷å…,å äë,2åëü…%ã% "!åìå…, öå!*%"…%“ë=" …“*,L K/ë %K?,ì ë,2å!=23!…/ì ƒ/*%ì “ë=" …“*,. …=!%ä%". o%“åì3 -=*2/ .2%ã% ƒ/*= C%ì%ã=þ2 C%… 2ü , %“ì/“ë,2ü ! ä %“%Kå……%“2åL “%"!åìå……/. “ë=" …“*,. ƒ/*%". b ëå*“,÷å“*%ì Cë=…å öå!*%"…%-“ë=" …“*,L ƒ/* ä%ëã%å "!åì "ë ë“ …å,“÷å!C=åì/ì ,“2%÷…,*%ì C%C%ë…å…, “ë%"=!…%ã% ƒ=C=“= “ë=" …“*,. ƒ/*%". nK!=2,2å "…,ì=…,å …= ƒ…=*%ì/å "“åì …=ì !3““*,å “ë%"=: "!=ã, "%›äü, .!=ì, ë=äü . b“‘ .2% ƒ=,ì“2"%"=…, ,ƒ öå!*%"…%-“ë=" …“*%ã% ƒ/*=, ,…=÷å ,ìå…3åì/å “2=!%“ë=" …,ƒì=ì,. o%*=ƒ=2åëü…/ " .2%ì %2…%øå…,, “%.!=… åì/å “ *,!,ëë%-ìå-%ä,å"“*,. "!åì‘… *!/ë=2/å "/!=›å…, , …=C!,ìå!: &må .ëåK%ì åä,…/ì; .ëåK …=ø …=“3?…/L; ãë=“ "%C,þ?åã% " C3“2/…å; ,?,2å , %K! ?å2å; …å2 C!%!%*= " “"%‘ì %2å÷å“2"å[. g…=÷å…,å öå!*%"…%-“ë=" …“*%ã% ƒ/*= å?‘ , " 2%ì, ÷2% .2%2 ƒ/* ÷‘2*% "/äåë,ë “ë=" …“*3þ ƒ/*%"3þ %K?…%“2ü “!åä, ä!3ã,. ƒ/*%"/. %K?…%“2åL. båäü " %“…%"å "%“C!, 2, *=›ä%L *3ëü23!/ $ C!åä“2="ëå…,å …å 2%ëü*% % å‘ 2%›äå“2"å……%“2, , “" ƒ, “ ä!3ã,ì, *3ëü23!=ì,, …% , % å‘ åä,…“2"å , ,…ä,",ä3=ëü…%“2,. r›å " u "å*å ÷å!…%!,ƒåö u!=K! " “"%‘ì 2!=*2=2å &n C,“üìå…=.[ %C!åäåë‘……% %2ìå÷=ë “"%å%K!=ƒ,å K3*" “ë=" …“*%L =ƒK3*,. aë=ã%ä=! C%ä",ã3 “" 2/. j,!,ëë= , lå-%ä, “ë=" …“*,L .2…%“ C%ë3÷,ë 2%2 “2å!›å…ü, *%2%!/L C%ƒ"%ë,ë åì3 “%.!=…,2ü “=ì%K/2…%“2ü, …å"ƒ,!= …= ,“2%!,÷å“*,å C%2! “å…, K%ëåå ÷åì 2/“ ÷åëå2…åã% Cå!,%ä=. që=" …“*= =ƒK3*= …å 2%ëü*% &"/›,ë=[, …å“ì%2! …= "“ *%ã% !%ä= ã%…å…, , ƒ=C!å?å…, , …% , ø=ã…3ë= ƒ= !=ì*, “%K“2"å……% “ë=" …“*%ã% =!å=ë=, “2=" !%ä…%L äå“ 2*=ì …=!%ä%", ›,"3?,. …= å"!=ƒ,L“*%L 2å!!,2%!,, %2 )3*%2*, ä% l%…ã%ë,, , %2 p3““*%ã% qå"å!= ä% q!åä…åL `ƒ,,. l,.=,ë x3ë,…

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

6

ЦЕРКОВЬ И ОБЩЕСТВО

Ìû íåîäíîêðàòíî îáðàùàëèñü â ñâîèõ ïóáëèêàöèÿõ ê äðåâíåðóññêîé êíèæíîé êóëüòóðå, ïèñàëè î ìîíàñòûðñêèõ ñêðèïòîðèÿõ è ïå÷àòíÿõ, î áèáëèîòåêå, ñîçäàííîé ïðè ñîáîðå ñâÿòîé Ñîôèè Êèåâñêîé óæå ÷åðåç íåñêîëüêî ëåò ïîñëå åãî ïîñòðîéêè. Ñâèäåòåëüñòâîì âûñî÷àéøåãî ðàçâèòèÿ êíèæíîãî äåëà íà Ðóñè ÿâëÿåòñÿ ðóêîïèñíîå Åâàíãåëèå, íàïèñàííîå âñåãî ÷åðåç äâà ñòîëåòèÿ ïîñëå èçîáðåòåíèÿ ñëàâÿíñêîé àçáóêè ñâÿòûìè ðàâíîàïîñòîëüíûìè Êèðèëëîì è Ìåôîäèåì è ìåíåå ÷åì ÷åðåç 70 ëåò ïîñëå ïðèíÿòèÿ õðèñòèàíñòâà è ïîÿâëåíèÿ ïèñüìåííîñòè íà Ðóñè. Òåïåðü îíî õðàíèòñÿ â íàøåì ãîðîäå, â Ðîññèéñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé áèáëèîòåêå.  ìàå íûíåøíåãî ãîäà èñïîëíèëîñü 955 ëåò ñî äíÿ íàïèñàíèÿ ýòîãî óíèêàëüíîãî ïàìÿòíèêà, îñòàâëåííîãî íàøèìè äàë¸êèìè ïðåäêàìè è âîøåäøåãî â èñòîðèþ ïîä íàçâàíèåì «Îñòðîìèðîâà Åâàíãåëèÿ». n“2!%ì,!%"% e"=…ãåë,å “%ƒä=…% " .C%.3 *3ëü23!…%ã% C%äA‘ì= , !=“ö"å2= ä!å"…å!3““*%ã% ã%“3ä=!“2"=, C%“ëåä%"="øåã% C%“ëå %-,ö,=ëü…%ã% C!,… 2, .!,“2,=…“2"= *=* ã%“3ä=!“2"å……%L !åë,ã,,. hìå……% “ .!,“2,=…,ƒ=ö,åL “" ƒ=…% !=“C!%“2!=…å…,å …= p3“, “ë=" …“*%L C,“üìå……%“2,. &på*=ì,, …=C= þ?,ì, "“åëå……3þ "“þ[, …=ƒ"=…/ *…,ã, " &o%"å“2, "!åìå……/. ëå2[ $ ä!å"…åLøåL ä%øåäøåL ä% …=ø,. ä…åL !3““*%L ëå2%C,“,. Š=ì C%ä 988 ã%ä%ì !=““*=ƒ/"=å2“ , *=* *… ƒü bë=ä,ì,!, *!å“2,"ø,L p3“ü, C%ë%›,ë …=÷=ë% *…,›…%ì3 %K!=ƒ%"=…,þ: “=ì %… ëþK,ë &“ë%"å“= *…,›…/å[ , “2=ë %2ä="=2ü " 3÷å…,å äå2åL ë3÷ø,. ëþäåL. ` “/… bë=ä,ì,!= $ *… ƒü “!%“ë=", C!%ƒ"=……/L l3ä!/ì, %!ã=…,ƒ%"=ë Cå!å"%ä , Cå!åC,“*3 *…,ã, 2åì “=ì/ì %“…%"=" " j,å"å Cå!"3þ …= p3“, K,Kë,%2å*3. n2 XI "å*= ä% …=ø,. ä…åL ä%øë% "“åã% %*%ë% ä"3. äå“ 2*%" ä!å"…å!3““*,. *…,ã, C!,÷‘ì " K%ëüø,…“2"å “ë3÷=å" "% -!=ãìå…2=.. n“2!%ì,!%"% e"=…ãåë,å “%.!=…,ë%“ü " C%ë…%ì “"%‘ì %KA‘ìå. m= åã% C%“ëåä…åì ë,“2å …=.%ä,2“ o%“ëå“ë%",å, …=C,“=……%å !3*%L Cå!åC,“÷,*= *…,ã, ä,=*%…= c!,ã%!, . n… “%%K?=å2, ÷2% Cå!åC,“=ë .2% e"=…ãåë,å C% ƒ=*=ƒ3 ,ìå…,2%ã% …%"ã%!%ä“*%ã% C%“=ä…,*= n“2!%ì,!=, " *!å?å…,, h%“,-=, , " C!="ëå…,å “/…= “!%“ë="= l3ä!%ã%, *,å"“*%ã% *… ƒ hƒ “ë="= “!%“ë=",÷= (1024$1078). p=K%2= K/ë= …=÷=2= 21 %*2 K! 1056 ã%ä= , ƒ=*%…÷å…= 12 ì= 1057 ã%ä=. n“%K% C%ä÷‘!*…32% "/“%*%å C%ë%›å…,å ƒ=*=ƒ÷,*= *…,ã, n“2!%ì,!=, *%2%!/L "ë ë“ C!åä“2=",2åëåì %ä…%ã% ,ƒ “=ì/. "ë, 2åëü…/. !3““*,. !%ä%": åã% äåä $ d%K!/… (C%“ë3›,ë C!%%K!=ƒ%ì äë K/ë,……%ã% d%K!/…, m,*,2,÷=) $ K/ë ä äåL *… ƒþ bë=ä,ì,!3 q" 2%“ë=",÷3, *!å“2,"øåì3 p3“ü. o% ëå2%C,“…/ì ,“2%÷…,*=ì ,ƒ"å“2…%, ÷2% n“2!%ì,! C%ã,K " C%.%äå C!%2," Cëåìå…, ÷3äü %*%ë% 1060 ã%ä=, C!åä"%ä,2åëü“2"3 …%"ã%!%ä“*%L ä!3›,…%L.

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“2!%ì,!%"% e"=…ãåë,å %2…%“,2“ * K%ã%“ë3›åK…%ì3 2,C3 *…,ã q" ?å……%ã% o,“=…, . b %“…%"…%L ÷=“2, 2å*“2= *…,ã= “%äå!›,2 å"=…ãåëü“*,å å›åä…å"…/å ÷2å…, %2 o=“., ä% o 2,äå“ 2…,ö/, = 2=*›å “3KK%2…,å , "%“*!å“…/å ÷2å…, …= C%“ëåä3þ?,å …åäåë, ã%ä=. b2%!= ÷=“2ü "*ëþ÷=å2 å"=…ãåëü“*,å ÷2å…, C% lå“ öå“ë%"3, …=÷,…= “ “å…2 K! , = 2=*›å ! ä ä%C%ë…,2åëü…/. ÷2å…,L &…= !=ƒ…/å “ë3÷=,[. )!åƒ"/÷=L…% ,…2å!å“…%, ÷2% "% "2%!%L ÷=“2, n“2!%ì,!%"= e"=…ãåë, “%äå!›=2“ C=ì 2, “" 2/. …å 2%ëü*% b%“2%÷…%L 0å!*",, …% , ƒ=C=ä…%L. e“ë, 3÷å“2ü, ÷2% *…,ã= “%ƒä=…= " 1057 ã%ä3, 2% %…= "ë å2“ , K/2ü ì%›å2, C%“ëåä…,ì “%.!=…,"ø,ì“ ä% …=ø,. ä…åL ë,23!ã,÷å“*,ì C=ì 2…,*%ì, %2!=ƒ,"ø,ì åä,…“2"% u!,“2,=…“*%L 0å!*",, ,K% C!%öå““ !=ƒäåëå…, åä,…%L 0å!*", ƒ="å!ø,ë“ &"åë,*%L “.,ƒì%L[ å?‘ ƒ= 2!, ã%ä= ä% .2%ã%, " 1054 ã%ä3. b ,“2%!,, “ë=" …“*%L C,“üìå……%“2, , *3ëü23!/ n“2!%ì,!%"% e"=…ãåë,å ƒ=…,ì=å2 %“%K%å ìå“2%. "m,*%ì3 ,ƒ “ë=" …, *!%ìå …=“, !3““*,., …å "/C=ë% …= ä%ëþ “÷=“2üå “%.!=…,2ü C%ä%K…/L C=ì 2…,* %2 “"%åL !3*%C,“…%L “2=!,…/", $ C,“=ë " “"%åL &h“2%!,, !3““*%L “ë%"å“…%“2,[ m.o. o%ëå"%L. dåL“2",2åëü…%, “%"!åìå……%L …=3*å …å,ƒ"å“2…% K%ëåå !=……åL 2%÷…% ä=2,!%"=……%L *…,ã, "%“2%÷…/. “ë=" …. n…= “%.!=…,ë= …%!ì/ ä!å"…åLøåã% C!="%C,“=…, öå!*%"…%-“ë=" …“*%ã% ƒ/*=, *%2%!/å …åëüƒ %K…=!3›,2ü " *…,ã=. K%ëåå C%ƒä…åã% "!åìå…,. hìå……% C!,Kë,›‘……%“2ü * *,!,ëë%-ìå-%ä,å"“*%L 2!=ä,ö,, C!,ä=‘2 .2%ì3 ä!å"…åLøåì3 C=ì 2…,*3 “ë=" …“*%L C,“üìå……%“2, , *3ëü23!/ %“%K3þ öå……%“2ü. j!%ìå 2%ã%, …= ì…%ã,. ë,“2=. n“2!%ì,!%"= e"=…ãåë, ,ìåþ2“ ƒ…=*,, 3*=ƒ/"=þ?,å …= 2%, *=* ä%ë›å… ƒ"3÷=2ü 2å*“2 …= K%ã%“ë3›å…,,. )2å…,å e"=…ãåë, " 0å!*",, %“%Kå……% " C!=ƒä…,*,, K/ë% ã!%ì*,ì , 2%!›å“2"å……/ì. n…% C!,Kë,›=ë%“ü * Cå…,þ , C%ä÷,… ë%“ü %C!åäåë‘……/ì C!=",ë=ì, = ƒ…=*, %2ìå÷=þ2 =*öå…2/, ä%ëã%23 ƒ"3*%",

ПРОДОЛЖАЯ ТРАДИЦИИ

ÏÅ×ÀÒÍß ËÀÂÐÛ

ÁÐÀÒÜß È ÑÅÑÒÐÛ! Äëÿ âàñ â Ñâÿòî-Òðîèöêîé Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîé Ëàâðå îòêðûò êîïè-öåíòð "Ïå÷àòíÿ Ëàâðû",

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(êñåðîêñ) ÷¸ðíî-áåëûé è öâåòíîé, ïå÷àòü è êîïèðîâàíèå âèçèòîê, ôîòîãðàôèé, ïëàêàòîâ, ïðî÷åé ïå÷àòíîé ïðîäóêöèè îò âèçèòêè äî øèðîêîôîðìàòíîé ïå÷àòè. Ïðè¸ì è âûäà÷à çàêàçîâ: â Ïðîñôîðíîì êîðïóñå, çà òðàïåçíîé «Ïàëîìíèê», êîìíàòà 103. Òåë. 274-18-24.

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.

e*=2å!,…/ II, = ã%ä%ì C%ƒ›å ,ìCå!=2%! `ëå*“=…ä! I Cå!åä=ë å‘ " o3Kë,÷…3þ K,Kë,%2å*3. q .2%ã% ì%ìå…2= …=÷,…=å2“ ,“2%!, …=3÷…%ã% ,ƒ3÷å…, n“2!%ì,!%"= e"=…ãåë, . m% %…% …å %“2=ë%“ü &ì‘!2"/ì[ …=3÷…/ì .*“C%…=2%ì. e?‘ Cå!åä !å"%ëþö,åL C% …åì3 3÷,ë,“ü “2=!%“ë=" …“*%ì3 ƒ/*3 " ã,ì…=ƒ, . , “åì,…=!, .. må C%2å! ë% “"%åã% ƒ…=÷å…, n“2!%ì,!%"% e"=…ãåë,å , " …=ø, ä…,. o% “ë%"=ì ,““ëåä%"=2åë ä!å"…å!3““*%L *3ëü23!/ c.l. o!%.%!%"=, &ä!å"… p3“ü C!%“3?å“2"%"=ë= C!,ìå!…% ä% *%…ö= XVII "å*=. m% ,“÷åƒë= ë, %…=? må2, %…= …å ,“÷åƒë=… j…,ã, ,ƒ …=ø,. C!å*!=“…/. !3*%C,“…/. “%K!=…,L $ .2% -,ƒ,÷å“*,L %“2=2%* d!å"…åL p3“,. hƒ3÷= ,., ì/ ä=‘ì ›,ƒ…ü d!å"…åL p3“, " …=ø,. 3ì=.[. m% .2%ã% ì=ë%. &n÷å…ü "=›…%, ÷2%K/ %“%Kå……% ì%ë%ä‘›ü C%…,ì=ë=, ÷2% j,!,ëë , lå-%ä,L - .2% …å C!%“2% ,ìå…= ,ƒ 3÷åK…,*=. }2% ëþä,, *%2%!/å C%ì%ãë, …=ì %C!åäåë,2ü“ “% "ƒãë ä=ì, …= ä%K!% , ƒë%, ›,ƒ…ü , “ìå!2ü. aë=ã%ä=! ,ì “%“2% ë=“ü "“2!å÷= .!,“2,=…“2"= , ƒ/*=, , “ë=" …å C%ë3÷,ë, "%ƒì%›…%“2ü "%“C!,…,ì=2ü e"=…ãåë,å , K%ã%“ë3›å…,å …= “"%‘ì !%ä…%ì ƒ/*å… båäü å“ë, K/ " 988 ã%ä3 *… ƒü bë=ä,ì,! …å C!,… ë C!="%“ë=",å , …å *!å“2,ë p3“ü, …=ø ì,! K/ë K/ “%"å!øå……% ä!3ã,ì. e“ë, K/ “%ë3…“*,å K!=2ü j,!,ëë , lå-%ä,L “2%ëå2,åì !=…åå …å Cå!å"åë, K%ã%“ë3›åK…/å *…,ã, , e"=…ãåë,å …= “ë=" …“*,L ƒ/*, ì/ …å K/ë, K/ 2åì,, *2% ì/ å“2ü “åL÷=“. e“ë, .%2,2å, ì/ “" ƒ=…/ “ .2,ì, ëþäüì, *3ëü23!…%L C3C%",…%L. h. C%ä",ã “" ƒ=… “ !=ƒ",2,åì …=øåã% ƒ/*= , 2åì, " *=*%ì ",äå %… “3?å“2"3å2 “åã%ä… [, $ “÷,2=å2 !3*%"%ä,2åëü q,…%ä=ëü…%ã% ,…-%!ì=ö,%……%ã% %2äåë= p3““*%L o!="%“ë="…%L 0å!*", bë=ä,ì,! kåã%Lä=. )=“2üþ .2%L &*3ëü23!…%L C3C%",…/[ , “",äå2åëü“2"%ì .2%ã% C%ä",ã= "ë å2“ äë …=“ n“2!%ì,!%"% e"=…ãåë,å. t%2% “ “=L2= &q" 2= p3“ü[

Öåíòð ñîçäàí ñîâìåñòíûìè óñèëèÿìè Ñâÿòî-Òðîèöêîé ÀëåêñàíäðîÍåâñêîé Ëàâðû è Ôîíäà ðåàáèëèòàöèè è ïîìîùè èíâàëèäàì «Êåäð», (ðóêîâîäèòåëü – Àëåêñàíäðà Èëüèíè÷íà Ñåðäèòîâà). Îáîðóäîâàíèå ïå÷àòíè äà¸ò âîçìîæíîñòü âûïîëíÿòü ïîëíûé öèêë óñëóã îïåðàòèâíîé ïîëèãðàôèè.


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

7 ЦЕРКОВЬ И ОБЩЕСТВО

Ê ÂÅ×ÍÎÉ ÈÑÒÎÐÈÈ Â ðàìêàõ XXI Ïàñõàëüíîãî ôåñòèâàëÿ 12 ìàÿ â Êàïåëëå Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãà â èñïîëíåíèè ñîëèñòîâ, Õîðà è Ñèìôîíè÷åñêîãî îðêåñòðà Êàïåëëû ïîä óïðàâëåíèåì íàðîäíîãî àðòèñòà ÑÑÑÐ, ëàóðåàòà Ãîñóäàðñòâåííûõ ïðåìèé Ðîññèè Âëàäèñëàâà ×åðíóøåíêî ïðîçâó÷àëî ïðîèçâåäåíèå ìèòðîïîëèòà Èëàðèîíà (Àëôååâà) «Ñòðàñòè ïî Ìàòôåþ». Íà êîíöåðòå ïðèñóòñòâîâàëè ãóáåðíàòîð Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãà Ãåîðãèé Ïîëòàâ÷åíêî, Ïðåäñòàâèòåëü Ïðåçèäåíòà Ðîññèéñêîé Ôåäåðàöèè â Ñåâåðî-Çàïàäíîì ôåäåðàëüíîì îêðóãå Íèêîëàé Âèííè÷åíêî, âèöå-ãóáåðíàòîð Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãà Âàñèëèé Êè÷åäæè, íàìåñòíèê Ñâÿòî-Òðîèöêîé Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîé Ëàâðû, åïèñêîï Âûáîðãñêèé Íàçàðèé, ïðåäñòàâèòåëè äóõîâåíñòâà è îáùåñòâåííîñòè. «Ñòðàñòè» – ýòî îñîáûé ìóçûêàëüíûé æàíð, íèêîãäà ðàíåå íå èñïîëüçîâàâøèéñÿ â ïðàâîñëàâíîé ìóçûêå.  åãî îñíîâå ëåæèò åâàíãåëüñêèé òåêñò, ïîâåñòâóþùèé î ñòðàäàíèÿõ Èèñóñà Õðèñòà. Çàòî ýòîò æàíð ïîëó÷èë øèðîêîå ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèå â Çàïàäíîé Åâðîïå, îñîáåííî íà÷èíàÿ ñ ýïîõè Âîçðîæäåíèÿ. Íàèáîëåå èçâåñòíûìè èç âñåõ ÿâëÿþòñÿ, êîíå÷íî æå, «Ñòðàñòè ïî Ìàòôåþ» è «Ñòðàñòè ïî Ëóêå» Èîãàííà Ñåáàñòüÿíà Áàõà. Íî ïðè âñåé ãåíèàëüíîñòè ýòîé ìóçûêè äàæå ñîâðåìåííèêè Áàõà óæå îòìå÷àëè íåðàâíîöåííîñòü îòäåëüíûõ å¸ ÷àñòåé. Äåëî â òîì, ÷òî ôðàãìåíòû ÷òåíèÿ ïîäëèííûõ Åâàíãåëèé è öåðêîâíûå õîðàëû ÷åðåäóþòñÿ â ýòèõ ïðîèçâåäåíèÿõ ñ ÷èñòî êîíöåðòíûìè íîìåðàìè – àðèÿìè, íàïèñàííûìè íà ñëîâà âåñüìà ïîñðåäñòâåííûõ àâòîðîâ ëèáðåòòî. À íåêîòîðûå ôðàãìåíòû îòëè÷àþòñÿ èçëèøíåé íàòóðàëèñòè÷íîñòüþ. Åù¸ ìåíüøå ïîõîæè íà öåðêîâíûå ïðîèçâåäåíèÿ ñîâðåìåííûå ñî÷èíåíèÿ. Òàê, «Ñòðàñòè ïî Ìàòôåþ» ïîëüñêîãî êîìïîçèòîðà Êøèøòîôà Ïåíäåðåöêîãî íàïîìèíàþò, ñêîðåå, ñàóíäòðåê ê êèíîôèëüìó.  îòëè÷èå îò îïèñàííûõ ïðîèçâåäåíèé, «Ñòðàñòè ïî Ìàòôåþ» ìèòðîïîëèòà Èëàðèîíà öåëèêîì îïèðàþòñÿ íà åâàíãåëüñêèé ñþæåò è íà áîãîñëóæåáíûå òåêñòû. Âëàäûêà ïîä÷¸ðêè-

âàåò, ÷òî â ìóçûêàëüíîì îòíîøåíèè îí òîæå «îïèðàëñÿ íà ìóçûêàëüíîå âèäåíèå áàõîâñêîé ýïîõè», è èìåííî ïîýòîìó íàçâàë ñâî¸ ñî÷èíåíèå «Ñòðàñòÿìè ïî Ìàòôåþ». Íî ñòàðóþ ôîðìó «Ñòðàñòåé» îí íàïîëíèë íîâûì ñîäåðæàíèåì.  ðóññêîé ñâåòñêîé ìóçûêàëüíîé òðàäèöèè âïëîòü äî ïîñëåäíåé ÷åòâåðòè XX âåêà íå áûëî ïðîèçâåäåíèé, ïîñâÿù¸ííûõ æèçíè, ñòðàäàíèÿì, ñìåðòè è âîñêðåñåíèþ Õðèñòà, à åâàíãåëüñêèé ñþæåò è áîãîñëóæåáíûå òåêñòû ëèøü â ðåäêèõ ñëó÷àÿõ èñïîëüçîâàëèñü â íàøåé ñâåòñêîé ìóçûêå. Âëàäûêà Èëàðèîí îïèðàåòñÿ èìåííî íà íèõ: «Ñòðóêòóðà ìîåãî ñî÷èíåíèÿ íàïîìèíàåò ñòðóêòóðó Ïîñëåäîâàíèÿ Ñòðàñòåé Õðèñòîâûõ, ñîâåðøàåìîãî â êàíóí Âåëèêîé ïÿòíèöû. Ýòî áîãîñëóæåíèå èíîãäà íàçûâàþò Ñëóæáîé äâåíàäöàòè Åâàíãåëèé, ïîòîìó ÷òî åâàíãåëüñêèå îòðûâêè â íåé ïåðåìåæàþòñÿ ñ òðîïàðÿìè, ñòèõèðàìè è êàíîíàìè, ñîäåðæàùèìè áîãîñëîâñêèé êîììåíòàðèé ê åâàíãåëüñêîìó òåêñòó. Òàêèì æå êîììåíòàðèåì ê åâàíãåëüñêîé èñòîðèè Ñòðàñòåé Õðèñòîâûõ ÿâëÿåòñÿ ìîÿ ìóçûêà». Ñâîè «Ñòðàñòè ïî Ìàòôåþ» âëàäûêà Èëàðèîí ïîñâÿòèë þáèëåþ âûäàþùåãîñÿ ïàìÿòíèêà äðåâíåðóññêîãî êíèãîïèñàíèÿ – Îñòðîìèðîâà Åâàíãåëèÿ. Ýòî ïîñâÿùåíèå, êîíå÷íî æå, íå ñëó÷àéíî. Ðàáîòà ïî ïåðåïèñûâàíèþ Îñòðîìèðîâà Åâàíãåëèÿ áûëà íà÷àòà äèàêîíîì Ãðèãîðèåì 21 îêòÿáðÿ 1056 ãîäà. 21 îêòÿáðÿ – ýòî Äåíü ïàìÿòè Èëàðèîíà Âåëèêîãî.  òî âðåìÿ ýòî èìÿ íå ìîãëî íå àññîöèèðîâàòüñÿ ñ èìåíåì êèåâñêîãî ìèòðîïîëèòà Èëàðèîíà, âûäàþùåãîñÿ öåðêîâíî-ïîëèòè÷åñêîãî äåÿòåëÿ ñåðåäèíû XI âåêà, ïåðâîãî ðóñè÷à íà êèåâñêîé ìèòðîïîëè÷üåé êàôåäðå, îðàòîðà, ïèñàòåëÿ, àâòîðà çíàìåíèòîãî «Ñëîâà î çàêîíå è áëàãîäàòè». Èëàðèîí áûë åäèíîìûøëåííèêîì è ñïîäâèæíèêîì ßðîñëàâà Ìóäðîãî â áîðüáå çà ïîëèòè÷åñêóþ è èäåîëî-

ãè÷åñêóþ íåçàâèñèìîñòü Ðóñè îò Âèçàíòèè. Íåñîìíåííî, Èëàðèîí – «ìóæ áëàã, êíèæåí è ïîñòíèê», êàê ãîâîðèò î í¸ì ëåòîïèñü, – ñûãðàë íå ïîñëåäíþþ ðîëü â ïðîñâåùåíèè Ðóñè, â îðãàíèçàöèè êíèãîïèñàíèÿ ïðè êèåâñêîì Ñîôèéñêîì ñîáîðå, è äèàêîí Ãðèãîðèé íå ñëó÷àéíî íà÷èíàåò ñâîþ ðàáîòó â äåíü ïàìÿòè ñîèìåííîãî Èëëàðèîíó ñâÿòîãî. À òåïåðü óæå íàø ñîâðåìåííèê, ìèòðîïîëèò Èëàðèîí, ïîñâÿòèë ñâî¸ ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå þáèëåþ ýòîé çàìå÷àòåëüíîé êíèãè.  ñâî¸ì âñòóïèòåëüíîì ñëîâå ïåðåä íà÷àëîì êîíöåðòà âëàäûêà Èëàðèîí ñêàçàë, ÷òî íàïèñàë ýòî ïðîèçâåäåíèå äëÿ òîãî, ÷òîáû «õîòÿ áû íà îäèí äåíü êîíöåðòíûé çàë ìîã ïðåâðàùàòüñÿ â õðàì, äëÿ òîãî, ÷òîáû ïåðåíåñòè íà ñöåíó êîíöåðòíîãî çàëà àòìîñôåðó áîãîñëóæåíèé Ñòðàñòíîé Ñåäìèöû. À òàê êàê ïåðèîä Ïàñõàëüíûé, òî çâó÷èò âòîðàÿ âåðñèÿ ñî÷èíåíèÿ, íåñêîëüêî ñîêðàù¸ííàÿ, è ê êîòîðîé äîáàâëåí ðàññêàç î Âîñêðåñåíèè Ãîñïîäà Èèñóñà Õðèñòà. Ýòà èñòîðèÿ, êîòîðóþ âñå ìû ñ âàìè õîðîøî çíàåì, èìååò íåïðåõîäÿùåå çíà÷åíèå äëÿ âñÿêîãî ÷åëîâåêà.  ýòîé èñòîðèè êàæäûé èç íàñ óçíà¸ò ñàìèõ ñåáÿ, ñâîþ æèçíü, è âñÿêèé ðàç, êàê ìû â íå¸ âñëóøèâàåìñÿ, êîãäà ìû âñëóøèâàåìñÿ â ñëîâà áîãîñëóæåáíûõ ïåñíîïåíèé, êîòîðûå ïîñâÿùåíû èñòîðèè Ñòðàñòåé è Âîñêðåñåíèÿ Ãîñïîäà Èèñóñà Õðèñòà, ìû ïåðåæèâàåì âíîâü ýòîò ñïàñèòåëüíûé ïîäâèã Áîãî÷åëîâåêà. Ìíîãèå ëþäè, âñå ëþäè ïåðåæèâàþò èñêóøåíèÿ, ïåðåæèâàþò êàêèå-òî ìèíóòû ÷óâñòâà îñòàâëåííîñòè, è âñÿêèé ðàç, êîãäà ìû îêàçûâàåìñÿ â ñêîðáè è â èñïûòàíèÿõ, ìû îáðàùàåìñÿ ê ýòîé âå÷íîé èñòîðèè, ïîòîìó ÷òî ýòî íå èñòîðèÿ ïðîñòîãî ÷åëîâåêà – ýòî èñòîðèÿ Áîãà, ñòàâøåãî ÷åëîâåêîì. Áîãà, Êîòîðûé ðàçäåëèë ñ íàìè íàøó ÷åëîâå÷åñêóþ ñóäüáó, Êîòîðûé ïðîæèë íàøó ÷åëîâå÷åñêóþ æèçíü è èñïèë òó ÷àøó ñòðàäàíèé, êîòîðóþ ïî ïîñëóøàíèþ Áîãó Îòöó, Åìó íàäëåæàëî èñïèòü. Ìíå õîòåëîñü áû,

÷òîáû ýòà ìóçûêà áûëà âîñïðèíÿòà íå òîëüêî êàê ìóçûêàëüíîå ïðîèçâåäåíèå, à êàê ñëîâî ïðîïîâåäè – ïðîïîâåäè î Õðèñòå, ïðîïîâåäè î åâàíãåëüñêèõ öåííîñòÿõ, î åâàíãåëüñêèõ çàïîâåäÿõ, íà êîòîðûõ ìû ïðèçâàíû ñòðîèòü ñâîþ ÷åëîâå÷åñêóþ æèçíü. ß ðàä òîìó, ÷òî â äåíü ðîæäåíèÿ Îñòðîìèðîâà Åâàíãåëèÿ ñåãîäíÿ çäåñü ïðîçâó÷èò ýòà ìóçûêà. ß òîëüêî ÷òî áûë â Ðîññèéñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé áèáëèîòåêå, ãäå èìåë âîçìîæíîñòü âïåðâûå â æèçíè óâèäåòü ýòî Åâàíãåëèå è ïîðàçèëñÿ òîìó, ñ êàêèì òðåïåòîì, ñ êàêèì ñòàðàíèåì è ñ êàêèì áëàãîãîâåíèåì 955 ëåò íàçàä äüÿêîí Ãðèãîðèé âûâîäèë áóêâû òîãî ñàìîãî Ñëîâà, êîòîðîìó ïîñâÿùåíà ýòà ìóçûêà. Äà õðàíèò âàñ âñåõ Ãîñïîäü! Õðèñòîñ Âîñêðåñå!» Ïî îêîí÷àíèè êîíöåðòà â çàëå äîëãî íå ñòèõàëè áóðíûå àïëîäèñìåíòû. Ñöåíà áûëà áóêâàëüíî óñûïàíà öâåòàìè. Âèöå-ãóáåðíàòîð Âàñèëèé Êè÷åäæè òàêæå ïðåïîäí¸ñ àâòîðó áóêåò öâåòîâ, à âëàäûêà Èëàðèîí, â ñâîþ î÷åðåäü, ïîäàðèë ãóáåðíàòîðó ÑàíêòÏåòåðáóðãà Ãåîðãèþ Ïîëòàâ÷åíêî äèñê ñ çàïèñüþ ñâîåãî ñî÷èíåíèÿ. l=2å!,=ë C%äã%2%",ë m,*%ë=L d…åC!%"“*,L t%2% ="2%!=

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

8

ВЫСТАВКИ

ПАС Х А Л ЬН Ы Е ТР А Д ИЦ ИИ П ЕТ ЕР Б УР ГА  òå÷åíèå äâóõ ìåñÿöåâ â Íåâñêîé êóðòèíå Ïåòðîïàâëîâñêîé êðåïîñòè áûëà îòêðûòà âûñòàâêà, ïîñâÿù¸ííàÿ èñòîðèè ïðàçäíîâàíèÿ Ïàñõè â Ïåòåðáóðãå â XIX-ÕÕI âåêàõ. Îíà áûëà îðãàíèçîâàíà Ãîñóäàðñòâåííûì ìóçååì èñòîðèè ÑàíêòÏåòåðáóðãà ïðè ó÷àñòèè Ãîñóäàðñòâåííîãî ìóçåÿ èñòîðèè ðåëèãèè, Èìïåðàòîðñêîãî ôàðôîðîâîãî çàâîäà, Ðîññèéñêîé íàöèîíàëüíîé áèáëèîòåêè, Öåíòðàëüíîãî àðõèâà êèíîôîòîôîíîäîêóìåíòîâ, ñåòè ïåêàðåí-êîíäèòåðñêèõ «Áóøå».

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ñòîëèöå Ðîññèéñêîé èìïåðèè Ïàñõàëüíûå òîðæåñòâà âñåãäà èãðàëè ðîëü âñåíàðîäíîãî îáùåãîðîäñêîãî ïðàçäíèêà, íàðÿäó ñ îáðÿäîâîé ñòîðîíîé èìåâøåãî è ñâåòñêèå òðàäèöèè. Îêîëî 500 ýêñïîíàòîâ âûñòàâêè – ïðåäìåòû äåêîðàòèâíî-ïðèêëàäíîãî èñêóññòâà, ãðàôèêà, îòêðûòêè, ôîòîãðàôèè, ïëàêàòû è àôèøè, êíèãè – ðàññêàçûâàëè ïîñåòèòåëÿì î ïàñõàëüíûõ öåðêîâíûõ ñëóæáàõ, òðàäèöèîííûõ ïàñõàëüíûõ ïîäàðêàõ, ïàñõàëüíîì ñòîëå, íàðîäíûõ ãóëÿíüÿõ, ïðîâîäèâøèõñÿ â ýòè äíè, à òàêæå îá àíòèðåëèãèîçíîé ïðîïàãàíäå ñîâåòñêîãî âðåìåíè è ñîâðåìåííîì ïðàçäíîâàíèè Ïàñõè. Î åâàíãåëüñêèõ ñîáûòèÿõ, ïîëîæèâøèõ íà÷àëî ïðàçäíèêó Ïàñõè, íà âûñòàâêå íàïîìèíàëè «Ñâÿòîå Åâàíãåëèå îò Ìàòôåÿ, Ìàðêà, Ëóêè è Èîàííà» (ÑÏá, 1910), èêîíû XVIII-íà÷àëà XX âåêà «Âîñêðåñåíèå», «Ñîøåñòâèå âî àä», «Âîçíåñåíèå», «Ðàñïÿòèå», «Ñíÿòèå ñ êðåñòà». Ëèòîãðàôèè XIX ñòîëåòèÿ çàïå÷àòëåëè Ñâÿòûå ìåñòà â Èåðóñàëèìå, ãäå ïðîèñõîäèëè ñîáûòèÿ, ïîëîæåííûå â îñíîâó õðèñòèàíñêîãî âåðîó÷åíèÿ.

Íà âûñòàâêå áûëè ïðåäñòàâëåíû òàêæå ðèñóíêè è ãðàâþðû ñ èçîáðàæåíèÿìè òðàäèöèîííûõ ïåòåðáóðãñêèõ âåðáíûõ òîðãîâ ó Ãîñòèíîãî äâîðà è íà Ñåííîé ïëîùàäè, ôîðìû äëÿ êóëè÷åé è ïàñõè êóñòàðíîé ðàáîòû XIX-íà÷àëà ÕÕ âåêà, òîâàðíàÿ óïàêîâêà ñïåöèàëüíûõ ïàñõàëüíûõ íàáîðîâ 1910-õ ãîäîâ äëÿ ïðèãîòîâëåíèÿ êóëè÷åé è ïàñõè («Êîðèöà», «Êàðäàìîí», «Ìóñêàòíûé öâåò») è äëÿ îêðàøèâàíèÿ ÿèö. Î Ïàñõàëüíîé íî÷è – ïðàçäíè÷íîì áîãîñëóæåíèè, êðåñòíîì õîäå, îñâÿùåíèè êóëè÷åé, ïàñõè, ÿèö â Ïåòåðáóðãå – ðàññêàçûâàëè íà âûñòàâêå ôîòîãðàôèè ß. Â. Øòåéíáåðãà, Ê. Ê. Áóëëû è åãî àòåëüå, àêâàðåëü Ê. Ý. Ãåôòëåðà «Âèä Èñààêèåâñêîãî ñîáîðà â ïàñõàëüíóþ íî÷ü», ðàáîòû äðóãèõ ïåòåðáóðãñêèõ õóäîæíèêîâ.  ýêñïîçèöèè äåìîíñòðèðîâàëîñü îáëà÷åíèå ñâÿùåííîñëóæèòåëåé ïåðâîé ïîëîâèíû XIX âåêà, ïðåäíàçíà÷åííîå äëÿ Ïàñõàëüíîé ñëóæáû.  Ñâåòëîå Âîñêðåñåíüå íà÷èíàëàñü ÷åðåäà îáÿçàòåëüíûõ âèçèòîâ ê ðîäñòâåííèêàì, äðóçüÿì, õîðîøèì çíàêîìûì. Â�� âðåìÿ âèçèòîâ äàðèëè

ïîäàðêè, ñðåäè êîòîðûõ, êîíå÷íî æå, ñàìûìè ïîïóëÿðíûìè áûëè ïàñõàëüíûå îòêðûòêè è ÿéöà.  ýêñïîçèöèè áûëà ïðåäñòàâëåíà áîãàòåéøàÿ êîëëåêöèÿ ïàñõàëüíîé îòêðûòêè ñ òðàäèöèîííûìè ïðàçäíè÷íûìè àòðèáóòàìè è ñèìâîëèêîé: ñ èçîáðàæåíèÿìè Äîáðîãî Ïàñòûðÿ, àíãåëîâ, öåðêâåé, êóëè÷åé, ïàñõè, êðàøåíûõ ÿèö, êîëîêîëü÷èêîâ, ðîç, âåðáû, çàéöåâ, öûïëÿò. Íåèçìåííîå âíèìàíèå ïóáëèêè ïðèâëåêàëè 120 ïàñõàëüíûõ ÿèö XIXíà÷àëà ÕÕ âåêîâ, âûïîëíåííûõ èç ôàðôîðà è ñòåêëà, äåðåâà, ìåòàëëà, ïîäåëî÷íûõ êàìíåé, èç áèñåðà è èç ïàïüå-ìàøå. Ïîñëå Âåëèêîãî Ïîñòà è Ïàñõàëüíîãî Âîñêðåñåíüÿ â ãîðîäå ñíîâà ðàçðåøàëèñü ïóáëè÷íûå óâåñåëåíèÿ. Íàïîìèíàþò îá ýòîì ãðàâþðû è ôîòîãðàôèè ñ èçîáðàæåíèåì íàðîäíûõ ãóëÿíèé è áàëàãàíîâ íà Ìàðñîâîì ïîëå è â Àëåêñàíäðîâñêîì ñàäó, àôèøè ïðàçäíè÷íûõ áàëîâ è ñïåêòàêëåé. Îòäåëüíûé ðàçäåë ýêñïîçèöèè áûë ïîñâÿù¸í ðàññêàçó î ïðàçäíîâàíèè Ïàñõè ïîñëå 1917 ãîäà.  ïåðâûå ãîäû ñîâåòñêîé âëàñòè â Ïåòðîãðàäå ïðîäîëæàëè îòìå÷àòü ïðàçäíèê Ïàñõè. Îá ýòîì ñâèäåòåëüñòâóþò ôîòîãðàôèè 1920-õ ãîäîâ, çàïå÷àòëåâøèå âåðáíûå òîðãè; àôèøè ïàñõàëüíûõ áëàãîòâîðèòåëüíûõ àêöèé, áàëîâ-êîíöåðòîâ è ò.ï. Òàêæå íà âûñòàâêå âïåðâûå ýêñïîíèðîâàëèñü ýñêèçû ðîñïèñè ïàñõàëüíûõ ÿèö, âûïîëíåííûå Ë. Í. Áåíóà â 1921 ãîäó (èç ÷àñòíîé êîëëåêöèè). Íî óæå â 1930-å ãîäû Ïàñõà è äðóãèå ðåëèãèîçíûå ïðàçäíèêè îêàçàëèñü ïîä çàïðåòîì. Ýòî íàøëî îòðàæåíèå â àíòèïàñõàëüíûõ ïëàêàòàõ – òàêèõ, êàê «Ïàñõàëüíîå ÿè÷êî è åãî ñîäåðæèìîå» (Êîðëèíñêèé, 1931), «Ïîï è îêòÿáðÿòà» (Ä. Ñ. Ìîîð, 1930-å), «Â äåíü Ïàñõè íè îäíîãî ïðîãóëüùèêà» (Ê. Óðáåòèñ 1930).

Òåì íå ìåíåå, öåðêîâíûå ñëóæáû â ðÿäå õðàìîâ ïðîäîëæàëèñü. Íà âûñòàâêå áûëà ïðåäñòàâëåíà óíèêàëüíàÿ ôîòîãðàôèÿ Ì. À. Òðàõìàíà «Ëåíèíãðàäöû ó Ñïàñî-Ïðåîáðàæåíñêîãî ñîáîðà âî âðåìÿ Ïàñõè» (Ëåíèíãðàä, àïðåëü 1943). Çàâåðøàëè ýêñïîçèöèþ äîêóìåíòàëüíûå ìàòåðèàëû, ïîñâÿù¸ííûå ïðàçäíîâàíèþ Ïàñõè â Ïåòåðáóðãå â ïîñòñîâåòñêèé ïåðèîä. Çäåñü æå áûëà ïðåäñòàâëåíà ñîâðåìåííàÿ ïàñõàëüíàÿ êîëëåêöèÿ Èìïåðàòîðñêîãî ôàðôîðîâîãî çàâîäà: ôàðôîðîâûå ÿéöà, âàçû è ñåðâèçû ñ ïàñõàëüíîé ñèìâîëèêîé 2000-õ ãîäîâ. Ïðè÷¸ì æåëàþùèå ìîãëè ïîñåòèòü ñïåöèàëüíûå ìàñòåð-êëàññû ïî ðîñïèñè ïàñõàëüíûõ ÿèö, à ïðåäñòàâèòåëè êîíäèòåðñêîé ôèðìû «Áóøå» îáó÷àëè ïîñåòèòåëåé èñêóññòâó óêðàøåíèÿ êóëè÷åé è óìåíèþ íàêðûâàòü ïàñõàëüíûé ñòîë. t%2% m,*%ë=

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«ÁÎÃÎËÞÁÈÂÛÌ Ñ ËÞÁÎÂÜÞ.

Ïîýòè÷åñêîå çàâåùàíèå äóõîâíîé äî÷åðè» Â èçäàòåëüñòâå «Íåâñêàÿ Ëàâðà» âûøåë ñáîðíèê äóõîâíî-íðàâñòâåííûõ ñòèõîòâîðåíèé «Áîãîëþáèâûì ñ ëþáîâüþ. Ïîýòè÷åñêîå çàâåùàíèå äóõîâíîé äî÷åðè». Äóõîâíî-íðàâñòâåííûå ñòèõîòâîðåíèÿ ñáîðíèêà æäàëè ñâîåãî ÷èòàòåëÿ íå îäíî äåñÿòèëåòèå. Èõ ñîáèðàë äëÿ ñâîåé äóõîâíîé äî÷åðè àðõèìàíäðèò Ñåðãèé (Áèðþêîâ), áûâøèé äóõîâíèêîì Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîé Ëàâðû ñ 1919 ïî 1927 ãã. Ýòî ìàëåíüêîå «ñîáðàíèå ñî÷èíåíèé» íåîáû÷íî: îíî âêëþ÷àåò â ñåáÿ ñòèõè êëàññèêîâ ëèòåðàòóðû (Áëîêà, Ëåðìîíòîâà, Âÿçåìñêîãî), ñòèõè äóõîâíûõ ëèö (àðõèìàíäðèòà Âåíèàìèíà, èãóìåíüè Òàèñèè è äðóãèõ) è ñòèõè ïðîñòûõ ìèðÿí.  ñîáèðàíèè è îòáîðå ñòèõîòâîðåíèé (òàê æå, êàê è â òåêñòàõ ïðîïîâåäåé, íàïèñàííûõ â ñòèõîòâîðíîé ôîðìå, êîòîðûå îí ðàñïðîñòðàíÿë) ÿðêî ïðîÿâèëèñü ïîýòè÷åñêèå, âîçâûøåííûå ñâîéñòâà äóøè àðõèìàíäðèòà Ñåðãèÿ. Ðóêîïèñíàÿ òåòðàäü ñòèõîâ ïîïàëà â Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêóþ Ëàâðó â 90-å ãîäû XX âåêà. Êàêîâ áûë å¸ äîëãèé ïóòü ìû íå çíàåì, íî ñåãîäíÿ ÷èòàòåëü èìååò âîçìîæíîñòü «óñëûøàòü» òåõ, êòî æèë â òå äàë¸êèå ãîäû, ïî÷óâñòâîâàòü èõ áåäû è ÷àÿíèÿ. Êðîìå òîãî, ìû õîòèì, ÷òîáû ïàìÿòü î ñàìîì àðõèìàíäðèòå Ñåðãèè âåðíóëàñü íå òîëüêî äëÿ íàñåëüíèêîâ Ëàâðû, íî è äëÿ âñåõ íàøèõ ÷èòàòåëåé. onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.

 ïàìÿòü î äóõîâíèêå Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîé Ëàâðû àðõèìàíäðèòå Åëåàçàðå â èçäàòåëüñòâå «Íåâñêàÿ Ëàâðà» ãîòîâÿòñÿ ê èçäàíèþ ñáîðíèêè ñòàòåé «ÄÓÕÎÂÍÛÅ ÐÀÇÌÛØËÅÍÈß ÀÐÕÈÌÀÍÄÐÈÒÀ ÅËÅÀÇÀÐÀ».  ïåðâûé ñáîðíèê âîøëè: áèîãðàôèÿ, ïåðâûå ôèëîñîôñêèå òðóäû è ñòàòüè î âçàèìîîòíîøåíèÿõ è ëþáâè ê áëèæíåìó. Ñòàòåé àðõèìàíäðèòà Åëåàçàðà â ãàçåòå «Âåñòíèê Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîé Ëàâðû» âñåãäà ñ íåòåðïåíèåì æäàëè ÷èòàòåëè.  íèõ – ñîáñòâåííûå ðàçìûøëåíèÿ àâòîðà, ñòàâøèå îòâåòàìè íà âîïðîñû, êîòîðûå çàäàâàëè åìó êàê äóõîâíèêó.  íèõ – óâåùåâàíèå, óòåøåíèå, îáîäðåíèå è ïîáóæäåíèå «ïðèíèìàòü âñþ âûñîòó õðèñòèàíñêîé íðàâñòâåííîñòè è ïðåáûâàòü ñ Ãîñïîäîì â ñâîåé ïîâñåäíåâíîé æèçíè».


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

9 ЖИЗНЬ ЛАВРЫ

НОВОЕ О ЛЕДОВОМ ПОБОИЩЕ Â ýòîì ãîäó èñïîëíèëîñü 770 ëåò ñðàæåíèþ, â êîòîðîì íîâãîðîäñêèé êíÿçü Àëåêñàíäð ßðîñëàâè÷ ðàçãðîìèë íåìåöêèõ ðûöàðåé. Íî äî ñèõ ïîð ìíîãèå äåòàëè ýòîé áèòâû îñòàâàëèñü òàéíîé. Ÿ çàâåñó ïðèîòêðûâàåò ñòàòüÿ, ðàçìåù¸ííàÿ íà ñàéòå «Âîåííîå îáîçðåíèå». Ëåòîïèñíûå äàííûå ïðîòèâîðå÷àò äðóã äðóãó è â îòíîøåíèè ìåñòà, ãäå ïðîèçîøëà áèòâà, è â îòíîøåíèè êîëè÷åñòâà å¸ ó÷àñòíèêîâ. Ñ òðåìÿ ýêñïåäèöèÿìè ýíòóçèàñòîâ (1959, 1960, 1962 ãîäîâ) ïûòàëñÿ âûÿñíèòü èñòèíó èññëåäîâàòåëü âîïðîñà î ìåñòå Ëåäîâîãî ïîáîèùà Ã. Í. Êàðàåâ.  òå÷åíèå ðÿäà ëåò, ñ 1956 ïî 1963 ãîä â ýêñïåäèöèè âî âðåìÿ îòïóñêîâ, êàíèêóë è ñòóäåí÷åñêèõ ïðàêòè÷åñêèõ çàíÿòèé ñîâåðøåííî áåçâîçìåçäíî òðóäèëèñü äåñÿòêè ëþäåé ðàçëè÷íûõ ñïåöèàëüíîñòåé: àðõåîëîãè, ãèäðîëîãè, òîïîíèìèñòû, ãåîëîãè è äðóãèå. Âîåííûå îêðóãà ïðåäîñòàâëÿëè â èõ ðàñïîðÿæåíèå ñàìóþ ñîâðåìåííóþ ïî òåì ãîäàì òåõíèêó: ñàìîë¸òû, âåðòîë¸òû, ñïåöêàòåðà. Àêâàëàíãèñòû è âîäîëàçû îáñëåäîâàëè äíî îçåðà, à ãðóïïû òóðèñòîâ íà áàéäàðêàõ íàõîäèëè âîäíûå ïóòè, êîòîðûìè ïðèíöèïèàëüíî ìîã äâèãàòüñÿ Àëåêñàíäð Íåâñêèé. Ã. Í. Êàðàåâ ïðèø¸ë ê âûâîäó, ÷òî ìåñòî Ëåäîâîãî ïîáîèùà – ýòî ïðîòîê Óçìåíü, ñîåäèíÿâøèé Ïñêîâñêîå è ×óäñêîå îçåðà è íîñÿùèé òåïåðü íàçâàíèå Ò¸ïëîãî îçåðà. Òî÷íåå, «ó÷àñòîê Ò¸ïëîãî îçåðà, íàõîäÿùèéñÿ ïðèìåðíî â 400 ì ê çàïàäó îò ñîâðåìåííîãî áåðåãà ìûñà Ñèãîâåö, ìåæäó åãî ñåâåðíîé îêîíå÷íîñòüþ è øèðîòîé äåðåâíè Îñòðîâ». h““ëåä%"=2åëåL ä%ëã%å "!åì “ì3?=ë, “"åäå…, k,"%…“*%L .!%…,*, % 2%ì, ÷2% &“ %Kå,. “2%!%… 3K,2/å C=ä=ë, …= 2!="3[. båäü C%K%,?å-2% K/ë% &kåä%"%å![. m=.%ä,ë,“ü ä=›å 2å, *2% …= .2%ì %“…%"=…,, %“C=!,"=ë “3?å“2"%"=…,å “=ì%L K,2"/. p=ƒã=ä*= %*=ƒ=ë=“ü C!%“2%L. j… ƒü `ëå*“=…ä! C%“2!%,ë “"%þ ä!3›,…3 …= ìåë*%"%äüå, ãäå "%ä= C!%ì‘!ƒë= ä% ä…=, ÷2%K/ åã% !=2…,*, …å C!%"=ë,ë,“ü C%ä ë‘ä. h &C%“2!%,"ø,“ü …= C!,ì/*="øåL * "%“2%÷…%ì3 Kå!åã3 rƒìå…, C%ë%“å ìåë*%"%äü , !3““*%å "%L“*% %*=ƒ=ë%“ü “!åä, 2%!÷=?,. ,ƒ-C%ä “…åã= ƒ=!%“ëåL *=ì/ø=, *%2%!/L 3C%ì …32 " .!%…,*å *=* &2!="=[[. ä…,ì ,ƒ “=ì/. ãë="…/. "%C!%“%" äë ,“2%!,*%" K/ë= ÷,“ëå……%“2ü “!=›="ø,.“ . q"åäå…, ,“2%÷…,*%" “3?å“2"å……% !=“.%ä,ë,“ü , " .2%ì "%C!%“å. q%ãë=“…% …%"ã%!%ä“*,ì ëå2%C,“ ì, 3K,2/. …åìöå" K/ë% 400 ,ë, 500, Cëå…‘……/. # 50, , å?‘ K/ë% 3…,÷2%›å…% &Kåƒ ÷,“ë=[ ÷3ä,. k,"%…“*= .!%…,*= ä=‘2 “%"“åì ,…3þ *=!2,…3: &p3““*,å ,ìåë, 2=*3þ !=2ü, ÷2% *=›ä%ã% …åìö= =2=*%"=ë%, C%›=ë3L, øå“2üäå“ 2 ÷åë%"å*. a!=2ü -!/ö=!, ä%“2=2%÷…% 3C%!…% “%C!%2,"ë ë,“ü, …% ,. 2=ì %ä%ëåë,… Š=ì K/ë% 3K,2% ä"=äö=2ü K!=2üå"-!/ö=!åL, = øå“2ü K/ë% "ƒ 2%

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ÏÀÌßÒÈ ÏÈÑÀÒÅËß

Îí áûë ÷ëåíîì èíèöèàòèâíîé ãðóïïû ïî âîññîçäàíèþ Ñîéêèíñêîé ñâÿòûíè. Íà÷àëî ïðîåêòó 31 ìàÿ 2011 ãîäà ïîëîæèë Êðåñòíûé õîä ñ ÷óäîòâîðíûì ñïèñêîì Òåðåáåíñêîé èêîíû Ïðåñâÿòîé Áîãîðîäèöû è ÷óäîòâîðíûì îáðàçîì ñâÿòèòåëÿ Íèêîëàÿ ïî Ëåíèíãðàäñêîé îáëàñòè, êîòîðûé âîçãëàâèë åïèñêîï Âûáîðãñêèé, íàìåñòíèê Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîé Ëàâðû Âëàäûêà Íàçàðèé. Èìåííî Ñåðãåþ Âàñèëüåâè÷ó äîñòàëîñü òîãäà íåñåíèå èêîíû âî âðåìÿ ìíîãî÷èñëåííûõ íàøèõ îñòàíîâîê. Åìó æå äîâåëîñü âíåñòè èêîíó ñâÿòîãî áëàãîâåðíîãî êíÿçÿ Àëåêñàíäðà Íåâñêîãî â Ñîéêèíñêóþ ñâÿòûíþ. Îí ó÷àñòâîâàë â îáñóæäåíèè èñòîðè÷åñêîé ñïðàâêè, ïîäãîòîâëåííîé Â.Â. Àðèñòîâûì è Î.À. Ðàøè-

òîâîé ïî èñòîðèè öåðêâè Íèêîëàÿ ×óäîòâîðöà íà Ñîéêèíñêîì ïîãîñòå. Ñåðãåé Âàñèëüåâè÷ áûë äèðåêòîðîì Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãñêîãî Ðóññêîãî ÏÅÍ-öåíòðà, ãåíåðàëüíûì äèðåêòîðîì Ðóññêî-Áàëòèéñêîãî èíôîðìàöèîííîãî öåíòðà «ÁËÈÖ», ÷ëåíîì Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãñêîãî ñîþçà ëèòåðàòîðîâ. Îí ðîäèëñÿ 5 èþëÿ 1952 ã. â ïîñåëêå Áîëüøàÿ Èæîðà Ëîìîíîñîâñêîãî ðàéîíà Ëåíèíãðàäñêîé îáëàñòè; îêîí÷èë ãåîëîãè÷åñêèé ôàêóëüòåò Ëåíèíãðàäñêîãî ãîñóäàðñòâåííîãî óíèâåðñèòåòà ïî ñïåöèàëüíîñòè «ãåîëîã-ãåîôèçèê».  1976 ã. ðàáîòàë â Ëåíèíãðàäñêîì ãîðíîì èíñòèòóòå èì. Ã.Â. Ïëåõàíîâà, èíñòèòóòàõ «Ãèäðîñïåöãàç» è «ÂÍÈÈ Îêåàíãåîëîãèÿ»; ñ 1988 ã. äèðåêòîð êîìïëåêñà

îõðàíû ïðèðîäû è çäîðîâüÿ ÷åëîâåêà Ìåæîòðàñëåâîãî íàó÷íî-òåõíè÷åñêîãî îáúåäèíåíèÿ ÈÍÑÝÒ; â 1992 ã. îðãàíèçàòîð è ãåíåðàëüíûé äèðåêòîð öåíòðà «ÁËÈÖ»; àâòîð áîëåå 200 ñòàòåé è î÷åðêîâ ïî ïðîáëåìàì ýêîëîãèè è êóëüòóðû; ïðåçèäåíò Ýêñïåðèìåíòàëüíîãî òåàòðàëüíîãî îáùåñòâà. Ñ.Â. Öâåòêîâ ïîñâÿòèë ìíîãî âðåìåíè èññëåäîâàíèþ æèçíè è äåÿòåëüíîñòè Àëåêñàíäðà Íåâñêîãî. Åãî êíèãà «Áëàãîâåðíûé êíÿçü Ïðàâîñëàâíîé Ðóñè – ñâÿòîé âîèí Àëåêñàíäð Íåâñêèé», íàïèñàííàÿ â ñîàâòîðñòâå ñ Í. Ðåãèíñêîé, ñòàëà äîñòîéíûì ïàìÿòíèêîì âåëèêèì äåëàì ðóññêîãî ñâÿòîãî. ÑÎ ÑÂßÒÛÌÈ ÓÏÎÊÎÉ ÄÓØÓ ÐÀÁÀ ÒÂÎÅÃÎ, ÂËÀÄÛÊÎ!

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Íà Ñòðàñòíîé ñåäìèöå îòîø¸ë êî Ãîñïîäó èçâåñòíûé ïèñàòåëü, ïóáëèöèñò è îáùåñòâåííûé äåÿòåëü, íàø ïîñòîÿííûé àâòîð Ñåðãåé Âàñèëüåâè÷ Öâåòêîâ.

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


СВЯТООТЕЧЕСКОЕ НАСЛЕДИЕ

10

N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

ХРИСТИАНСКОЕ ВОСПИТАНИЕ ПО СВЯТИТЕЛЮ ФЕОФАНУ ЗАТВОРНИКУ

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N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

11 СВЯТООТЕЧЕСКОЕ НАСЛЕДИЕ

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onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


РЕЛИГИОЗНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ

12

N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

«УСЛЫШАТЬ СЕБЯ В ЭТОМ ШУМНОМ МИРЕ» Ïðîáëåìà ðåëèãèîçíîãî îáðàçîâàíèÿ â íàøåé ñòðàíå ñòîèò íåîáûêíîâåííî îñòðî. Âñåì ïàìÿòíî òî ñîïðîòèâëåíèå, êîòîðîå âñòðåòèëà ïîïûòêà ââåñòè â øêîëàõ òàêîé ïðåäìåò, êàê «Îñíîâû ïðàâîñëàâíîé êóëüòóðû». Íî åñëè â øêîëàõ åù¸ ìîãóò áûòü ôàêóëüòàòèâíûå çàíÿòèÿ, òî êàê áûòü ëþäÿì âçðîñëûì? Áîëåå äâàäöàòè ëåò íàçàä â íàøåì ãîðîäå áûë ñîçäàí îäèí èç ïåðâûõ â Ðîññèè ñâåòñêèõ âóçîâ, âîçðîæäàþùèõ òðàäèöèè ðóññêîé ãóìàíèòàðíîé êóëüòóðû íà îñíîâå öåííîñòåé Ïðàâîñëàâèÿ.  ýòîì íîìåðå ìû ïóáëèêóåì èíòåðâüþ ñ ðåêòîðîì Âûñøåé ðåëèãèîçíî-ôèëîñîôñêîé øêîëû Íàòàëèåé Àëåêñàíäðîâíîé Ïå÷åðñêîé. $ m=2=ë, `ëå*“=…ä!%"…=, 3 …=“ %K/÷…% “÷,2=þ2, ÷2% ÷åë%"å* ä%ë›å… ƒ=…,ì=2ü“ *%…*!å2…/ì äåë%ì, = -,ë%“%-, $ .2% ÷2%-2% …å %÷å…ü “å!ü‘ƒ…%å. ` !åë,ã, äë ì…%ã,. ä% “,. C%! "%%K?å $ &%C,3ì äë …=!%ä=[. ` 3 "=øåã% 3÷åK…%ã% ƒ="åäå…, 2=*%å …=ƒ"=…,å, , "/ ì=ë% 2%ã%, ÷2% äå!›,2å“ü &…= Cë="3[ K%ëüøå ä"=äö=2, ëå2, 2=* å?‘ , ã%2%",2å C!%-å““,%…=ë%", "/ä=‘2å ä,Cë%ì/ ã%“3ä=!“2"å……%ã% %K!=ƒö=. j=* b=ì .2% 3ä=‘2“ ? $ n2"å2 %÷å…ü C!%“2%L $ ì/ ä=‘ì .%!%øåå %K!=ƒ%"=…,å. }2% …å C3“2/å “ë%"=. r …=“ C!åC%ä=þ2 C 2ü ä%*2%!%" …=3* , äå" 2…=äö=2ü *=…ä,ä=2%". q …=ì, “%2!3ä…,÷=þ2 C!åC%ä="=2åë, “2=!åLø,. "3ƒ%" q=…*2-oå2å!K3!ã=. j!%ìå 2%ã%, C%ì,ì% …=ø,. C!åC%ä="=2åëåL, ëå*ö,, , “åì,…=!/ "åä32 *!3C…/å 3÷‘…/å , “Cåö,=ë,“2/ ,ƒ }!ì,2=›=, p3““*%ã% ì3ƒå , h…“2,232= p3““*%L ë,2å!=23!/ p`m (o3ø*,…“*%ã% ä%ì=), h…“2,232= `!.å%ë%ã,, p`m… d= , ëå*ö,, " …=ø,. =3ä,2%!, . ÷å!åä3þ2“ “ ƒ=… 2, ì, " ƒ=ë=. , -%…ä=. }!ì,2=›=, p3““*%ã% ì3ƒå , ä!3ã,. ì3ƒåå" ã%!%ä=. q23äå…2/ 3÷=“2"3þ2 " =!.å%ë%ã,÷å“*,. .*“Cåä,ö, ., 3÷åK…/. C%åƒä*=. C% ã%!%ä=ì p%““,, , e"!%C/, !=K%2å ëå2…,. %K!=ƒ%"=2åëü…/. ø*%ë. n2“þä= , !åƒ3ëü2=2. $ m% .2% “!åä“2"=, = ì/ ã%"%!,ì % …=ƒ"=…,,. båäü "=ì “!=ƒ3 C!,C%ì… 2 “!åä…å"å*%"3þ C%ã%"%!*3: &t,ë%“%-, $ .2% “ë3›=…*= K%ã%“ë%", [. ` 2% , " &ì!=*%Kå“,,[ %K",… 2. o%“*%ëü*3 3 "=“ ,…“2,232 …=ƒ/"=å2“ &påë,ã,%ƒ…%--,ë%“%-“*%L ø*%ë%L[, 2% " *=*,. %2…%øå…, . 3 "=“ -,ë%“%-, , K%ã%“ë%",å? $ r …=“ "“‘ !="…%C!="…%. r …=“ …å2 “ë3›å…, K%ã%“ë%",þ ,ë, -,ë%“%-,,. ` å“2ü -,ë%“%-“*%å , K%ã%“ë%"“*%å %“ì/“ëå…,å. h -,ë%“%-, $ .2% “=ì%“2% 2åëü…%å …=C!="ëå…,å. l/ ›å $ ã%“3ä=!“2"å……%-=**!åä,2%"=……/L ,…“2,232, 3 …=“ "“å C!%ã!=ìì/ %K3÷å…, , C% -,ë%“%-,,, , C% !åë,ã,%"åäå…,þ , C% ,“*3““2"%"åäå…,þ “%%2"å2“2"3þ2 ã%“3ä=!“2"å……/ì “2=…ä=!2=ì. m% " …=øåì ,…“2,232å, ƒ=ä="= .2, 2!, …=C!="ëå…, $ -,ë%“%-, , !åë,ã,%"åäå…,å , ,“*3““2"%"åäå…,å, ì/ “÷,2=åì …å%K.%ä,ì/ì äë "“å. “23äå…2%", %K3÷=þ?,.“ …= .2,. …=C!="ëå…, ., ä="=2ü .%!%ø3þ C%äã%2%"*3, *%2%!= %“…%"/"=å2“ , …= ,ƒ3÷å…,, K,KëåL“*%ã% 2å*“2=, , …= ,ƒ3÷å…,, öå!*%"…%L ,“2%!,,, , ë,-

23!ã,*,… b“‘ .2% 3›å “%"å!øå……% …å ".%ä,2 " ã%“3ä=!“2"å……/L “2=…ä=!2, , "%2 .2% "ë å2“ …=øåL %“%Kå……%“2üþ %K3÷å…, . Š% å“2ü ì/ ä=‘ì …å ìå…üøå, = K%ëüøå 2%ã%, ÷2% 2!åK3å2 “2=…ä=!2. Š=* ÷2% "%C!%“ % 2%ì, *2% *%ì3 “ë3›,2, ì/ ä=›å …å “2=",ì. dë %K3÷å…, C!%“2% …3›å… .%!%ø,L K=ƒ,“, , ì/ åã% ä=‘ì. ` K%ã%“ë%",å , -,ë%“%-, $ .2% "ƒ=,ì…% ä%C%ë… þ?,å ä!3ã ä!3ã= !=ƒ…/å “2!3*23!/ ì/øëå…, . $ ` C%÷åì3 K/ …å C%L2, ä!3ã,ì C32‘ì? q*=›åì, “2=2ü K%ã%“ë%"“*,ì -=*3ëü2å2%ì C!, *=*%ì-…,K3äü 3…,"å!“,2å2å? båäü !=…üøå " e"!%Cå “2=23“ 3…,"å!“,2å2%" "%%K?å C%ë3÷=ë, 2%ëü*% 2å 3÷åK…/å ƒ="åäå…, , ãäå K/ë -=*3ëü2å2 K%ã%“ë%", . q÷,2=ë%“ü, ÷2% ,ìå……% .2% C!,3÷=å2 ÷åë%"å*=, ã%"%! “%"!åìå……/ì ƒ/*%ì, ì/“ë,2ü “,“2åì…%, " !=ì*=. "“åã% ì,!%ƒä=…, . b ÷=“2…%“2,, ,ƒ K%ã%“ë%", "/"%ä,ë=“ü , ì%!=ëü. e“ë, 2=*%ã% -=*3ëü2å2= …å K/ë%… $ q%ãë=“…=, 2% .2% 3›å K/ë …å 3…,"å!“,2å2. $ r …=“ " “%"å2“*%å "!åì K/ë .%2 K/ …å*,L “3!!%ã=2 K%ã%“ë%", " ",äå &…=3÷…%ã% *%ìì3…,ƒì=[, …% “åL÷=“ …å2 , .2%ã%. o%ä ë%ƒ3…ã%ì &“"å2“*%ã% ã%“3ä=!“2"=[ "%“C,2/"=þ2 ÷,“2%ã% C%2!åK,2åë . Š%, ÷2% ì%!=ëü %2K!%øå…= C!=*2,÷å“*, %2*!/2%, …, äë *%ã% …å “å*!å2 $ "“å ›,"32 C%ä ë%ƒ3…ã%ì &!=ƒ!åøå…% "“‘, ÷2% …å ƒ=C!å?å…% ƒ=*%…%ì[, .%2 " ëþK%ì …%!ì=ëü…%ì %K?å“2"å ì%!=ëü *=* !=ƒ , !=K%2=å2 2=ì, ãäå ƒ=*%… å?‘ Kåƒì%ë"“2"3å2. Š=* "%2, ì%›å2å ë, "/ *=*-2% ƒ=C%ë…,2ü .23 ë=*3…3? $ l/-2% * .2%ì3 "C%ë…å ã%2%"/. Š= C%ëåì,*=, *%2%!= øë= "%*!3ã “%ƒä=…, 2å%ë%ã,÷å“*%ã% -=*3ëü2å2= " oå2å!K3!ã“*%ì r…,"å!“,2å2å, ƒ=2!%…3ë= …=“ " C%ë…%L ìå!å. m% " ,2%ãå $ "%ƒ , …/…å 2=ì: å“2ü K,KëåL“*= -,ë%ë%ã, , …% .2% ä!3ã%å. ` …=øå ìå“2% *=* !=ƒ K/ë% K/ …= K%ã%“ë%"“*%ì ,ë, …= -,ë%“%-“*%ì -=*3ëü2å2å. m% …=“ %÷å…ü %ã!=…,÷,"=å2 ã%“3ä=!“2"å……/L %K!=ƒ%"=2åëü…/L “2=…ä=!2. $ “ .2% “C!=ø,"=þ C%2%ì3, ÷2%, …=“*%ëü*% ƒ…=þ, " K%ëüø,…“2"å "3ƒ%", %“%Kå……% 2å.…,÷å“*,., C%-C!å›…åì3 “2!% 2 -,ë%“%-“*,L *3!“ …= %“…%"å C!åä“2="ëå…, % Cå!",÷…%“2, ì=2å!,,… $ h ã3ì=…,2=!,, " 2=*%ì ›å C%ë%›å…,,! m% -,ë%“%-, äë …=“ $ .2%, C!å›äå "“åã%, ìå2%ä%ë%ã, . `

ìå2%ä%ë%ã, …3›…= "åƒäå. Š%ëü*% ì/ * .2%L ìå2%ä%ë%ã,, äåë=åì å?‘ …!="“2"å……3þ C!,","*3 ƒ= “÷‘2 K%ã%“ë%"“*%ã% %K!=ƒ%"=…, . b/ 3ä,",2å“ü, …% “=ì= C% C!%-å““,, ì=2åì=2,*, , *%ãä= K%ëüøå ä"=äö=2, ëå2 …=ƒ=ä C!,å.=ë= %K“3ä,2ü "%C!%“/ %“…%"=…, påë,ã,%ƒ…%--,ë%“%-“*%L ø*%ë/ “ =*=äåì,*%ì båë,.%"/ì… $ q båë,.%"/ì?! ` *=* …=“÷‘2 &K%!üK/ …=3*, , !åë,ã,,[? $ ` ÷2% b/ 3ä,"ë å2å“ü? lå… " 2% "!åì -,ƒ,*, , 2å.…=!, ã%!=ƒä% ë3÷øå C%…,ì=ë,, ÷åì ã3ì=…,2=!,,. n…,-2% C!å*!=“…% C%…,ì=þ2 "=›…%“2ü ìå2%ä%ë%ã,,. d%ëã% !=““*=ƒ/"=2ü, …% " ,2%ãå …=ø ,…“2,232 K/ë 3÷!å›ä‘… C!, “%äåL“2",, q=…*2oå2å!K3!ã“*%ã% q%þƒ= 3÷‘…/. 1 äå*=K! 1990 ã%ä= *=* …åã%“3ä=!“2"å……%å %K!=ƒ%"=2åëü…%å 3÷!å›äå…,å, , ƒ=2åì 3›å ì/ ä%K,ë,“ü C%ë3÷å…, “2=23“= =**!åä,2%"=……%ã% "3ƒ= “ ä,Cë%ì%ì ã%“3ä=!“2"å……%ã% %K!=ƒö=. $ h ÷2%, 2=* "%2 "“‘ “!=ƒ3 C%ë3÷,ë%“ü? h 2!3ä…%“2åL …,*=*,. …å K/ë%? $ a/ë, , 2!3ä…%“2,, ä= å?‘ *=*,å! q=…*2-oå2å!K3!ã“*,L “%þƒ 3÷‘…/. ,“2%!,÷å“*, C%ë3÷,ë C!%C,“*3 " ƒä=…,, `*=äåì,, m=3*. h ì%L %-,“ “åìü ëå2 K/ë 2=ì. h 23ä= C!,.%ä,ë, Cå!"/å “ë3ø=2åë, b/“øåL !åë,ã,%ƒ…%--,ë%“%-“*%L ø*%ë/. Š=ì "“å C!%“2% C=ä=ë,… må*%2%!/å ä=›å C,“üì= C,“=ë,, ÷2% C%ä!/"=þ 3“2%, `*=äåì,, m=3*… $ Š=* b/ K/ ,ì …=C%ì…,ë,, ÷2% “%"!åìå……/å }bl C!%,ƒ%øë, ,ƒ “!åä…å"å*%"%L “.%ë=“2,*,,= “"%, ƒ=*%…/ jåCëå! "/"%ä,ë ,ƒ a%›å“2"å……%L ã=!ì%…,,! $ n…, 2%ëü*% C!% ,…*",ƒ,ö,þ 2"å!ä,ë,. m% C%2,.%…ü*3 "“‘ 3“2!%,ë%“ü. $ Š% å“2ü “ …=3*%L "/ %2…%øå…,å …=ë=ä,ë,? $ q2=!=åì“ …=ë=›,"=2ü. båäü 2åì= …=3*, , !åë,ã,, , å“2ü 2åì= b/“øåL !åë,ã,%ƒ…%--,ë%“%-“*%L ø*%ë/. o%2%ì3 ÷2% 2=* “ë3÷,ë%“ü, ÷2% 2å, *2% …=÷=ë …=øå äåë% $ .2%, " %“…%"…%ì, "“å ëþä,, C!,øåäø,å ,ƒ …=3*,. hƒ -,ƒ,*,, ,ƒ ì=2åì=2,*,, ,ƒ -,ë%ë%ã,,, ,ƒ þ!,“C!3äå…ö,,. )=?å "“åã% 3 …,. "%%K?å ä"= %K!=ƒ%"=…, : "…=÷=ëå 2å.…,÷å“*%å ,ë, 2%÷…/å …=3*,, C%2%ì ã3ì=…,2=!…%å. h 3 ìå… 2=*, , 3 ì…%ã,. ì%,. *%ëëåã.

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.

båäü, ÷2%K/ %!ã=…,ƒ%"=2ü påë,ã,%ƒ…%--,ë%“%-“*3þ ø*%ë3 (= .2% 3›å ,ƒ…=÷=ëü…% ƒ"3÷,2 &ã3ì=…,2=!…%[), ì/ ä%ë›…/ K/ë, K/2ü C%äã%2%"ëå……/ì,. h *=* “"%þ %“…%"…3þ …=3÷…3þ 2åì3, ì/ "ƒ ë, ,ìå……% "ƒ=,ì%%2…%øå…,å …=3*, , !åë,ã,, (.%2 å‘ -%!ì3ë,!3þ *=* &…=3*= , "å!=[), ÷2%K/ ÷å!åƒ .2% C%ä“23C,2ü“ * …=øåL ,…2åëë,ãå…ö,,. “ 3›å “*=ƒ=ë=, ÷2% " ÷,“ëå …=ø,. 3÷!åä,2åëåL q%þƒ 3÷‘…/., = .2% "“‘ ëþä, “Cë%øü ,ƒ …=3*, , 2=ì, *%…å÷…% ›å, ä%“2=2%÷…% ëþäåL, “%"å!øå……% ä=ë‘*,. %2 öå!*%"…%ã% C%…,ì=…, . o!%“2% o!%ì/“åë a%›,L …=“ “%ƒä=ë C%ä .ã,ä%L .2%L “%"å!øå……% …å!åë,ã,%ƒ…%L %!ã=…,ƒ=ö,,, , 22 ã%ä= " .2%ì %*!3›å…,, …=.%›3“ü. h ƒ=ìå÷=þ, *=* ëþä, C%2,.%…ü*3 ìå… þ2“ , ,. …=÷,…=å2 ,…2å!å“%"=2ü …=ø= C!%Këåì=2,*=. r …=“ ä=›å “K%!…,*, 2=*,å å“2ü $ &m=3*= , "å!=[, , *%…-å!å…ö,, ì/ C!%"%ä,ì, ãäå , ì…%ã% “" ?å……,*%" C!,…,ì=ë% 3÷=“2,å, , 3÷‘…/.… $ n÷å…ü .%!%øåå …=ƒ"=…,å, "åäü "“‘ !="…% " *=*%L-2% ì%ìå…2 …=3*= ä%.%ä,2 ä% 3!%"… "å!/, …=÷,…= %2 ø*%ë !=, *%2%!/L "/…3›äå… "å!,2ü “"%åì3 3÷,2åëþ, , ä% 3÷‘…%ã%, *%2%!/L C%ë=ã=å2,÷2% "“‘ 3“2!%å…% ,ìå……% " “%%2"å2“2",, “ C!,… 2%L ã,C%2åƒ%L… b“‘ !="…% …å ì%›å2 *=›ä/L ë,÷…% C!%"å!,2ü "“‘, ÷2% “äåë=…%,“*=›åì," -,ƒ,*å. $ d=, …% "%2 .ëåìå…2 2%ã%, ÷2% C!,… 2% …=ƒ/"=2ü ì,“2,ö,ƒì%ì, 3÷‘…/. %÷å…ü %2C3ã,"=å2. Š=ì, ãäå …åëüƒ “*=ƒ=2ü: &b%2 .2% =*“,%ì= $ , "“‘[, %…, C3ã=þ2“ . h "%2 232 ì/ C%2,.%…ü*3 C%ä.%ä,ì * !=ƒã%"%!3 %K hmnl. $ m3 232 å?‘ , 2å!ì,… &ì,“2,ö,ƒì[ %÷å…ü 3C!%?‘……% C%…,ì=þ2… $ h .2% 2%›å. $ h ì…%ã,å * "=ì ,ä32? $ b/ ƒ…=å2å, *%ãä= ì/ 2%ëü*% C%",ë,“ü, Cå!"/å C%2%*, “23äå…2%" C!%“2% …å "ìå?=ë,“ü " =3ä,2%!,,, C!åä%“2="ëå……/å äë ,…“2,232=: “2!åìëå…,å * =ëü2å!…=2,"å ì=!*“,“2“*%ã% ã3ì=…,2=!…%ã% %K!=ƒ%"=…, C!,"ëå*=ë, " bptx *=* ëþäåL 3›å ,ìåþ?,. "/“øåå %K!=ƒ%"=…,å, 2=* , "/C3“*…,*%" ø*%ë, ,“*="ø,. "%ƒì%›…%“2, 3ƒ…=2ü , C%… 2ü “3?…%“2ü -,ë%“%-,,, .!,“2,=…“*%ã% ,“*3““2"=, ,“2%!,, !åë,ã,L. o%“2åCå……% …=K%! 3“2% ë“ . r …=“ “åL÷=“


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

13 РЕЛИГИОЗНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ

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" C!,"/÷…3þ %K“2=…%"*3 “"å2“*%ã% $ o%›åë=þ b=ì ,ìå……% 2=*,. 3÷åK…%ã% ƒ="åäå…, ? “23äå…2%". qC=“,K% b=ì ƒ= Kå“åä3. $ l%›å2, b/ , C!="/, ÷2% Cå÷=aå“åä%"=ë m,*%ë=L d…åC!%"“*,L ë,2ü“ …å “2%,2. m%… “ Cå÷=ëþ“ü o!,‘ì…= *%ì,““, bptx …=.%C!%“2% *=* !3*%"%ä,2åëü 3÷åK…%ã% ƒ="åäå…, , C%2%ì3, ÷2% å“ë, ÷åë%"å* ä,2“ C% =ä!å“3: b%ƒ…å“å…“*,L C!%C%…,ì=å2, ÷2% %… C%C=ë …å 23ä=, 2% “Cå*2, ä. 46, 2 .2=›, =3ä. 223 (ƒä=%… 3.%ä,2, , ì/ 2å! åì “23äå…2=. ` " …,å r…,"å!“,2å2= Šå.…%ë%ã,, , d,öåë%ì b/ C!="/ $ ì/, äåL“2",2åëü- ƒ=L…=). o!,‘ì ƒ= "ëå…,L …= %÷…%å , ƒ=…%, C%ì%ã=åì ÷åë%"å*3 C%… 2ü, .%÷å2 ë, %… ,ä2, ä=ëüøå " “"%‘ì ä3.%"…%ì %÷…%å %2äåëå…, C% K3ä…,ì ä… ì “ !=ƒ",2,,, " “"%‘ì öå!*%"…%ì !=ƒ",- 12:00 ä% 17:00. j%…2=*2…= ,…-%!ì=ö, : 2,, …=! ä3 “% “"å2“*,ì %K!=ƒ%"=…,åì , C!%-å““,%…=ëü…%L C%äã%2%"*%L +7 (812) 927 1622, +7 (812) 703 7279 office@srph.spb.ru www.srph.ru * ›,ƒ…, " %K?å“2"å… Š=* ÷2%, …=ø=

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


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N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

ПРАВОСЛАВНОЕ ИСКУССТВО

ДЕСЯТЬ ЛЕТ В ЛАВРЕ Ïðàâîñëàâíûå òåàòðû - ÿâëåíèå äîñòàòî÷íî íîâîå äëÿ ñîâðåìåííîãî çðèòåëÿ. Òåàòðû ýòè åù¸ î÷åíü ìîëîäû, ïîäîáíû ïðîêëþíóâøèìñÿ ðîñòêàì, íî êîðíè èõ óõîäÿò ãëóáîêî â èñòîðèþ ðóññêîãî íàðîäà.Ìû ïðåäñòàâëÿåì âíèìàíèþ ÷èòàòåëåé ðàçìûøëåíèÿ î ïðàâîñëàâíîì òåàòðå äâóõ ðåæèññåðîâ: Àíäðåÿ Ãðóíòîâñêîãî è Àííû Áàðõàòîâîé. n“å…ü ä"å 2/“ ÷, "2%!%ã%… j=* K/“2!% C!%ìåëü*…3ë% .2% äå“ 2,ëå2,å, *%ãä= "ë=ä/*= (2%ãä= =!.,ì=…ä!,2) m=ƒ=!,L, …=ìå“2…,* k="!/ Kë=ã%“ë%",ë ìå… !=K%2=2ü C%ä ë="!“*,ì, “"%ä=ì,… då“ 2ü ëå2 *%…öå!2%", "å÷å!%" C%.ƒ,,, þK,ëåL…/. , 2"%!÷å“*,. "“2!å÷… o%.2/, K=!ä/, !å›å $ C!%ƒ=,*,… o!åƒå…2=ö, *…,ã , =ëüì=…=.%". j=›ä3þ …åäåëþ $ *%…öå!2 , *=›ä3þ …åäåëþ $ “åì,…=! äë C%.2%"… ` å?‘ 2å=2!. m=ø ë="!“*,L &Šå=2! …=!%ä…%L ä!=ì/[ “2=ë Cå!"/ì C!="%“ë="…/ì 2å=2!%ì " q=…*2oå2å!K3!ãå. ` ÷2% 2=*%å 2å=2!? }2% =*2‘!/, *%2%!/. …=ä% “…=÷=ë= …=L2,, 3"ëå÷ü, …=3÷,2ü… o%2%ì C%“2=",2ü “Cå*2=*ëü… ` "åäü åã% å?‘ …=ä% …=C,“=2ü. må"%ëü…% “2=ë ä!=ì=23!ã%ì (ä"å…=äö=2ü C!åìüå! ƒ= .2, ã%ä/ , äå“ 2ü ,ƒ …,. C% ì%,ì “öå…=!, ì), = C%2%ì… o%2%ì …=÷,…=å2“ “=ì%å 2!3ä…%å $ ›ä=2ü ƒ!,2åë . “ ä3ì=ë, …=ø ë="“*,L 2å=2! “2=…å2 “"%,ì !%ä…/ì äë C!,.%›=… k="!/. må2, .2% C!%,ƒ%øë% …å “!=ƒ3. b “2=!,…3 ,“*3““2"%, *3ëü23!= !%›ä=ë,“ü “=ì, “%K%L " …=!%ä…%L ›,ƒ…,, ,“2å*=ë, ,ƒ å“2å“2"å……%ã% “3?å“2"%"=…, “=ì%L C!,.%ä“*%L %K?,…/. b äå!å"…å .2% K/ë= 2!=ä,ö,%……= …=!%ä…= *3ëü23!=, …=C%ë…å……= Cå“-

… ì,, ,ã!=ì,, %K! ä=ì,. a/ë 3 …=!%ä= , “"%L -%ëü*ë%!…/L 2å=2!. b“‘ .2% …å C!%2,"%!å÷,ë%, = ä%C%ë… ë% öå!*%"…3þ ›,ƒ…ü. q"% Cå“å……%-,ã!%"= *3ëü23!= “ë%›,ë=“ü , " ã%!%ä=.. a%ëåå 2%ã%, …=!%ä…= *3ëü23!=, "å*=ì, “*ë=ä/"="ø= “ "%*!3ã öå!*%"…%ã% *=ëå…ä=! , %K!=ƒ%"=ë= “"%, 2!=ä,ö,,. Š=*, " C%“2 -%ëü*ë%!…/å Cå“…%Cå…, …å C!å*!=?=ë,“ü, = ìå… ë,“ü C% “%äå!›=…,þ: " C%“2 …å Cåë,“ü ,ã!%"/å Cå“…, , ä=›å ë,!,÷å“*,å …å Cåë,“ü, = ,“C%ë… ë,“ü ä3.%"…/å “2,.,. }2% K/ë= ä3øå“C=“,2åëü…= …=!%ä…= 2!=ä,ö, . h…2åëë,ãå…ö, “%ƒä=ë= “"%þ *3ëü23!3: “"%þ ë,2å!=23!3, “"%L 2å=2!. qåL÷=“ 2%ëü*% ä"= C!%öå…2= …=“åëå…, C%“2% ……% .%ä 2 " 2å=2!. (n…%, *%…å÷…%, “ë="= c%“C%ä3, $ …= K%ëüø,…“2"% C!åä“2="ëå…,L “2/ä…% , “ì%2!å2ü!) m% ãäå-2% C!,ìå!…% 2=*%" C!%öå…2 , "%öå!*%"ë‘……%ã% …=“åëå-

…, . e“2å“2"å……%, .2, C!%öå…2/ …å “%"C=ä=þ2. )2%K/ ÷åë%"å* , "å!3þ?,ì K/ë, , %ä…%"!åìå……% 2å=2!%ì 3"ëå*=ë“ , C%.ƒ,åL, ë,2å!=23!%L $ 2=*%ã% C%÷2, , …å K/"=å2. Š=* ë, K/ë% " “2=!,…3? må2, "%-Cå!"/., !=…üøå-2% " …=!%ä…3þ *3ëü23!3 K/ë% "%"ëå÷å…% C!=*2,÷å“*, "“‘ …=“åëå…,å. a/ë% .2% ä3øåC%ë僅%, …å%K.%ä,ì%. g…=÷,2, …3›…% %2*=ƒ=2ü“ %2 .ë,2…/. -%!ì *3ëü23!/, %K!=2,2ü“ * …=!%ä…/ì 2!=ä,ö, ì , C%“2!%,2ü ä3øåC%ë僅%å ,“*3““2"%. n…% , K3äå2 ,“2,……% C!="%“ë="…/ì. n…% C!,Kë,ƒ,2 "å!3þ?åã% ÷åë%"å*= * …=“ëåä,þ ›,"%L !3““*%L *3ëü23!/. h"=… hëü,… …=ƒ"=ë .2% …=ö,%…=ëü…/ì “=ì%“%ƒ…=…,åì. `, "%-"2%!/. $ äë ëþäåL …å öå!*%"…/. .2% K3äå2 ø=ã%ì * u!=ì3. e“2ü , 2=*= ƒ=ä=÷= $ ì,““,%…å!“*= . h2=*, 2å=2! …=ä% “2!%,2ü …å C% q2=…,“ë="“*%ì3 , låLå!.%ëüä3. e“2ü 3 …=“ “"%,, !3““*,å 2!=ä,ö,,. l…å ã%"%!,ë,, ÷2% äë ë="!“*,. “2å… …3›…/ %“%Kå……/å C%“2=…%"*,. d3ì=þ, å“ë, ì/ …=ƒ"=ë,“ü 2å=2!%ì C!="%“ë="…/ì, å“ë, äå!ƒ…3ë, "ƒ 2ü Kë=ã%“ë%"å…,å "ë=ä/*,, 2% ãäå K/ ì/ …, !=K%2=ë, $ " “"%,. “2å…=. ,ë, …= ã=“2!%ë . $ "åƒäå .2% ä%ë›…% K/2ü ä%“2%L…/ì äåL“2"%ì, …å%K.%ä,ì/ì äë C!="%“ë="…%ã% ÷åë%"å*=. q" 2%-

ä3.%"“*,L öå…2! “2=ë !=K%÷åL Cë%?=ä*%L äë “%ƒä=…, !3““*%ã% C!="%“ë="…%ã% ,“*3““2"=. d="…% ë,, …=C!,ìå!, ã%"%!,ë,: "%ƒì%›…% ë, 2=*%å C%… 2,å, *=* &C!="%“ë="…= ="2%!“*= Cå“… [? m% ,å!%ì%…=. p%ì=… , åã% C%“ëåä%"=2åë, ä%*=ƒ=ë, $ "%ƒì%›…%. m=ì C!åä“2%,2 ä%*=ƒ=2ü C!="% …= “3?å“2"%"=…,å C!="%“ë="…%ã% 2å=2!=. r …=“ “ë%›,ë“ “"%L ã%ä%"%L *!3ã “Cå*2=*ëåL % !3““*,. ëþä ., “" ƒ=……/L “ C=ì 2…/ì, ä=2=ì, …=ø,. C%.2%" , C!%ƒ=,*%". j!3ã .2%2 3ä,",2åëü…% “%"C=ä=å2 “ *!3ã%ì öå!*%"…/ì , ƒ="å!ø=å2“ C!="%“ë="…/ì 2å=2!=ëü…/ì -å“2,"=ëåì …= o=“.3. tå“2,"=ë,… n., *=*%å .2% 2 ›*%å , !=ä%“2…%å "ìå“2å “ 2åì, $ Kë=ã%ä=2…%å $ äåë%. tå“2,"=ëü C%.ƒ,, , -%ëü*ë%!…/L -å“2,"=ëü (k="!= ƒ= .2, ã%ä/ “2=ë= %ä…,ì ,ƒ -%ëü*ë%!…/. öå…2!%" p%““,,!), -å“2,"=ëü 2å=2!=ëü…/L, …=*%…åö. o!,åƒä ã%“2åL, "“2!å÷,, Cå“…,, ƒ=“2%ëü , !=““2="=…, … q%K“2"å……%, .2% , å“2ü ›,ƒ…ü. )2% *=“=å2“ …=øåã% ë="!“*%ã% 2å=2!=, 2% %…, …= ì%L "ƒãë ä, “%“2% ë“ " C%ë…%L ìå!å. Šå=2!=ëü…= K%ãåì= * …=ì …å .%ä,2, ä= , "%%K?å C%… 2ü …å ì%›å2, ÷2% ì/ äåë=ì… ä= , “ë="= a%ã3. ` “"%L ƒ!,2åëü C%2,.%…ü*3 C!,K/"=å2…

ïåðåä íàìè â æàíðå ïðèò÷è. À ïðèò÷à – ýòî æàíð äðåâíåéøèé è ñìûñë åãî â ïðîìûñëèòåëüíîì äðàìàòè÷åñêîì äåéñòâèè. Åñòü åù¸ è äåòñêèå ñïåêòàêëè. Îíè èíòåðåñíû òåì, ÷òî â íèõ äëÿ äåòåé èãðàþò äåòè ñàìèõ àêò¸ðîâ. Äëÿ ìíîãèõ ïðèõîä â òåàòð çàâåðøèëñÿ ïðàâîñëàâíûì áðàêîì è áðàêîì ìíîãîäåòíûì, òàê ÷òî, äåòñêèé ñî��òàâ òåàòðà çàìåòíî ïðåâûøàåò âçðîñëûé… Âîçìîæíî, äëÿ òåõ, êòî ïðèâûê ê òåàòðó, ãäå ãëàâåíñòâóåò ñèñòåìà

Ñòàíèñëàâñêîãî, à òåì áîëåå ñîâðåìåííûå àâàíãàðäèñòñêèå ïðè¸ìû, ìàíåðà èãðû àðòèñòîâ, îñíîâàííàÿ íà íàðîäíûõ òðàäèöèÿõ, ïîêàæåòñÿ íåïðèâû÷íîé. Íó, ÷òî æ, êàê ãîâîðèòñÿ – î âêóñàõ íå ñïîðÿò… Èëè ñïîðÿò? Åù¸ îäíà òðàäèöèÿ ýòîãî òåàòðà – îáñóæäåíèÿ, êîòîðûå áûâàþò ñðàçó ïîñëå îêîí÷àíèÿ ñïåêòàêëÿ. Âîò òóò ìîæíî ïîñïîðèòü èëè ïðîñòî ïîãîâîðèòü îá èñêóññòâå, î Ðîññèè, î ñóäüáå…

`…ä!åL c!3…2%"“*,L

Çäåñü íå óâèäèøü íè êðè÷àùå-ÿðêèõ äåêîðàöèé, íè ðîñêîøíîãî ðåêâèçèòà. Âíåøíå òåàòð ñêðîìåí, öåëîìóäðåí, è äàæå ñòðîã, íî… òîëüêî íå ñêó÷åí! Äèíàìè÷íîå è â òî æå âðåìÿ íåñïåøíîå ïîâåñòâîâàíèå, ìåëîäè÷íûé íàðîäíûé ãîâîð, ëóêàâî-äîáðîäóøíûå ðåïëèêè ïåðñîíàæåé – âñ¸ ýòî, êàê áóäòî óæå ñëûøàííîå â äåòñòâå, íàòàëêèâàåò íà ìûñëü î êîëîðèòíûõ áàæîâñêèõ ñêàçàíèÿõ, ïåâó÷èõ ñêàçêàõ Àðèíû Ðîäèîíîâíû… Ýòî, ïîèñòèíå, íàðîäíûé òåàòð, èñòîêàìè óõîäÿùèé â ÿðìàðî÷íûå ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ, â òðàäèöèè ôîëüêëîðíîãî òåàòðà. Ñåêðåò – â ñâîåîáðàçíîé ïîäãîòîâêå àêò¸ðîâ, â ïîäëèííîñòè òîãî «ìàòåðèàëà», ñ êîòîðûì îíè ðàáîòàþò. Ïîìèìî îáû÷íûõ ðåïåòèöèé, äëÿ íèõ îáÿçàòåëüíûì ÿâëÿåòñÿ – íàðîäíûå ïåñíè, òàíöû, à äëÿ ìóæ÷èí åù¸ è ïîñåùåíèå òðåíèðîâîê… ïî ðóññêîìó áîåâîìó èñ-

êóññòâó! Òàê ÷òî, ñöåíû, ãäå êàçàêè ëèõî ìàøóò ñàáëÿìè (ñïåêòàêëü ïî åñåíèíñêîé ïîýìå «Ïóãà÷¸â») – íå îïåðåòî÷íàÿ ïîääåëêà, à ïðîôåññèîíàëüíî èñïîëíåííûå ïîñòàíîâî÷íûå áîè. Ðóññêèé áîé óæå ìíîãî ëåò ïðåïîäà¸ò àêò¸ðàì (äà è íå òîëüêî àêò¸ðàì) ðóêîâîäèòåëü òåàòðà Àíäðåé Âàäèìîâè÷ Ãðóíòîâñêèé. Îí è ðåæèññ¸ð è, çà÷àñòóþ, ñöåíàðèñò: ñåé÷àñ íà ëàâðñêîé ñöåíå èä¸ò ñåìü ñïåêòàêëåé ïî åãî ïüåñàì è òðè ïî ïðîèçâåäåíèÿì êëàññè÷åñêèì – ïî Ïóøêèíó, Øåðãèíó è Åñåíèíó. Íåñêîëüêî ñïåêòàêëåé ðåøåíû â äðóãîé ìàíåðå – ýòî ñïåêòàêëè – «èñòîðè÷åñêèå ïîëîòíà». Òàêîâà ïüåñà ïî íåçàâåðø¸ííûì ïðîèçâåäåíèÿì Ô¸äîðà Àáðàìîâà – «×èñòàÿ êíèãà». Òàêîâ «Ïóãà÷¸â» (ñïëàâ åñåíèíñêîãî è ïóøêèíñêîãî âçãëÿäîâ íà íàðîäíûé áóíò), à òàêæå ïóøêèíñêèé «Áîðèñ Ãîäóíîâ».  ýòèõ ñïåêòàêëÿõ ãëàâíîå äåéñòâóþùåå ëèöî – èñòîðèÿ Ðîññèè, å¸ íàðîä. Íî è â òåõ è â äðóãèõ ïîñòàíîâêàõ – èñòîðèÿ ëè, ñóäüáà ëè ÷åëîâå÷åñêàÿ – ïðåäñòàþò

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.

,ƒ !åöå…ƒ,, m=2=ëü, a%ãä=…%"%L …= “Cå*2=*ë, &Šå=2!= m=!%ä…%L ä!=ì/[


N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

15 ПРАВОСЛАВНОЕ ИСКУССТВО

lhqqhnmepqŠbn h Še`Šp Ìèññèîíåðñòâî è òåàòð – íå î÷åíü ïðèâû÷íîå äëÿ Ðîññèè ñî÷åòàíèå. Îäíàêî, òåàòð ïî ïðèðîäå ñâîåé – ìèññèîíåð, âñ¸ çàâèñèò îò íàïîëíåíèÿ è ôîðìû òåàòðàëüíîãî ïðåäñòàâëåíèÿ: êàêàÿ ìûñëü çàëîæåíà â ïîñòàíîâêå, ÷òî õîòÿò äîíåñòè äî çðèòåëÿ àêò¸ðû è ðåæèññ¸ð. Êîãäà è ñîäåðæàíèå, è ñðåäñòâà, è ôîðìà ñïåêòàêëÿ íàïðàâëåíû íà òî, ÷òîáû ðàññêàçàòü çðèòåëÿì î äåéñòâèè Ïðîìûñëà Áîæüåãî â ñóäüáàõ ëþäåé, äàòü âîçìîæíîñòü ïåðåæèòü âìåñòå ñ ãåðîÿìè ñïåêòàêëÿ ðåàëüíîñòü ÷óäà, çàäóìàòüñÿ î Çàêîíàõ Áîæåñòâåííîé ëþáâè è î òîì, Êòî ïîäà¸ò íàì áëàãîäàòíóþ ïîìîùü â, êàçàëîñü áû, áåçíàä¸æíûõ ñèòóàöèÿõ – òî òàêîé òåàòð, ïî ïðàâó, ìîæíî íàçâàòü ìèññèîíåðñêèì.

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C!="ä=, ì/ , …= .2% …å !=““÷,2/"=ë,. a/“2!% Cå!åøë, * “Cå*2=*ëþ. o%!=ƒ,ë= 2,ø,…= " ƒ=ëå, $ 2,.%…ü*% "/ãë ä/"=åì ,ƒ-ƒ= ø,!ì/, ÷2% 2=ì? }2, "ƒ!%“ë/å äå2,, “2!,›å…/å ì=ëü÷,ø*, “,ä 2, %2*!/" !%2, Cå!å›,"=þ2 “%K/2, p%›äå“2"=, ãë=ƒ= Këå“2 2. o%“ëå “Cå*2=*ë " Kå“åäå 3÷=“2"%"=ë% ÷åë%"å* 7, ä=›å “Cåë, "ìå“2å *%ë ä*3. 12 *%ë%…,“2%" …=C,“=ë, %2ƒ/"/. ` …=“-2% C!åä3C!å›ä=ë,, ÷2% ,ì …,÷åã% …å …=ä%, %…, , “ë3ø=2ü-2% …å K3ä32, …å 2%, ÷2% %2"å÷=2ü …= "%C!%“/! o%ä!%“2*, $ “=ì/L “ë%›…/L ƒ!,2åëü. j%ãä= …=“ C!,ãë=“,ë, “/ã!=2ü "å!2åC…%å äåL“2"% &0=!ü h!%ä[ äë “åì,*ë=““…,*%", 2% ì/ %K!=ä%"=ë,“ü, …% , …=“2%!%›,ë,“ü. l=ì%÷*=, *%2%!= …=“ C!,ãë=“,ë=, !=““*=ƒ/"=ë= &“2!=“2,[ % “%"!åìå……/. 3÷å…,*=.. b“‘ ä3ì=ë,, *=* !=ƒã%"=!,"=2ü, ÷2% “*=ƒ=2ü, *=* “åK "å“2,. n*=ƒ=ë%“ü, .%2ü %…, , "ƒ!%“ë/å, , “%"!åìå……/å, …%, "“‘ !="…%, - äå2,. qì%2!åë, , “ë3ø=ë, ƒ="%!%›‘……%, C%“ëå “Cå*2=*ë =*2,"…% "“23C,ë, " Kå“åä3, C%ä=!å……/å C! …,*,-*%ƒ3ë, 232 ›å ƒ=C,.=ë, " !%2, *=* ì=ëå…ü*,å. m% "%2 p%›äå“2"% ƒ=*%…÷,ë%“ü. b C=“.=ëü…%L Cå!,%ä ÷=?å "“åã% ,ã!=åì/å “Cå*2=*ë, $ &)3äå“…/å Kë%÷*,, ,ë, q=ä ä3ø,[ $ .2% “*=ƒ%÷…%å ì3ƒ/*=ëü…%å C32åøå“2",å " 2=,…“2"å……/L “=ä ä3ø,. q …,ì ì/ *=*-2% C%K/"=ë, " ø*%ëå 1370 äë äå2åL “ äå",=…2…/ì C%"åäå…,åì. hã!=ë, ä"= !=ƒ=. oå!"/L !=ƒ ƒ!,2åë ì, K/ë, ì=ë/ø,-2!å2üå*ë=ø*,, = "2%!%L !=ƒ $ 3›å “%ë,ä…/å, &C%-"ƒ!%“ë%ì3[ !=ƒ" ƒ…/å øå“2,*ë=““…,*,. l=ë/ø, “ì%2!åë, , “%÷3"“2"%"=ë, ãå!% ì “*=ƒ*, “ 2=*%L “,ë%L, *=* .2% ì%ã32 “=ì/å %2*!/2/å, ÷,“2/å , ä3øå"…%?åä!/å äå2,. o%2%ì %…, !=ƒ%øë,“ü C% *ë=““=ì, 3“23C," ìå“2% “2=!ø,ì 2%"=!,?=ì. j=* %*=ƒ=ë%“ü "C%“ëåä“2",,, *=K,…å2 %ä…%ã% ,ƒ 2!å2ü,. *ë=““%" …=.%ä,ë“ …=C!%2," !å*!å=ö,,, ãäå øë% "2%!%å C!åä“2="ëå…,å. då2 ì , 3÷,2åëü…,öå 2=* C%…!=",ë“ “Cå*2=*ëü, ÷2% "ìå“2% 2%ã%, ÷2%K/ ƒ=…,ì=2ü“ 3!%*=ì,, .2%2 *ë=““, C!,%2*!/" ä"å!ü " !å*!å=ö,þ, “ë3ø=ë …=ø3 “*=ƒ*3 C%"2%!…% , &ì%2=ë …= 3“[ 3!%* ä%K!=. ` äåì%…“2!=2,"…% &"ƒ!%“ë/å[ 3÷å…,*, 6 *ë=““= C%“ëå Kå“åä/ …= 2åì3 %2"å2“2"å……%“2, “ì%2!åë, &)3äå“…/å Kë%÷*,[ "% "“å ãë=ƒ= 3›å …å *=* “*=ƒ*3-"/ä3ì*3, = *=* C!,2÷3-K/ëü. &d3ø, äå2åL !=“*!/"=ë,“ü , %K!å2=ë, “" 2/å “ì/“ë/ a%›ü,. ƒ=-

*%…%" ›,ƒ…,. o%“ëå “Cå*2=*ë äå2, “=ì, ã%"%!,ë, …=ì, 3÷,2åë ì: &n÷å…ü C%…!=",ë%“ü[, &` *=*%L 3 ìå… “=ä ä3ø,?[, &u%÷3, ÷2%K/ ì% ä3ø= K/ë= "“åãä= *!=“,"%L[, &u%÷3, ÷2%K/ " ì%åL ä3øå !%“ “=ä[. g=C%ì…,ë,“ü äå2 ì “ë%"=: &“ì,!å…,å, ä= 2å!Cå…,å, ä= C%ì%?ü Kë,›…åì3[. n…,, *=* !=ƒ, " 2=*%ì "%ƒ!=“2å, *%ãä= .%2 2 C%…,ì=2ü, *=* …=ä% äåë=2ü, *=* …=ä% C%“23C=2ü, % ÷‘ì ë3÷øå ä3ì=2ü , !=ƒì/øë 2ü[, $ %2ƒ/"/ äå2åL , Cåä=ã%ã%" C%“ëå C!%“ì%2!= “*=ƒ*,. o%*= " …=øåì !åCå!23=!å 6 “Cå*2=*ëåL, C%ì,ì% "å!2åC= &0=!ü h!%ä[ , &)3äå“…/. Kë%÷å*[, å?‘ &p%›äå“2"å…“*,L dåä[ C% ì%2,"=ì “*=ƒ*, &l%!%ƒ*%[, “ !=““*=ƒ%ì % ›,2,, “" 2,2åë m,*%ë= rã%ä…,*=, &g"%…*, K3K…/ ƒ= ã%!=ì,[ - K=ë=ã=……%å äåL“2",å C% ì%2,"=ì å"=…ãåëü“*%L C!,2÷, % Kë3ä…%ì “/…å, &l,!%…%“,ö/[. b *%…öå C!%øë%ã% ã%ä= !%ä,ë“ …%"/L “Cå*2=*ëü &q*=ƒ % ä!å"…åL “ì32å , "ëå……%ì )3äå[, C%"å“2"3þ?,L % “%K/2, . 1612 ã%ä= , % !%ë, j=ƒ=…“*%L ,*%…/ a%›,åL l=2å!, " %“"%K%›äå…,, !3““*%ã% ã%“3ä=!“2"= %2 C%ëü“*,. ƒ=."=2÷,*%". n“…%"= ì,““,%…å!“*%L äå 2åëü…%“2, 2å=2!= &b,…%ã!=ä[ $ ä",›å…,å ä3ø, , ãë3K%*% "%“C!,… 2= *=›ä/ì ,ƒ 3÷=“2…,*%" C!,2÷= % 2=ë=…2=., C%.2%ì3 ì/ C%*=ƒ/"=åì “Cå*2=*ë, …= Kë=ã%2"%!,2åëü…%L %“…%"å. e“ë, 3 *%ã%-2% ,ƒ "=“ "%ƒ…,*ë% ›åë=…,å C!,ãë=“,2ü 2å=2! " ã%“2, $ ƒ"%…,2å 3÷=“2…,*=ì *%ëëå*2,"=: `……= a=!.=2%"=, nëüã= Š%*=!å"=

`ä!å“ “=L2= 2å=2!= &b,…%ã!=ä[ http://teatrvinograd.ru/

onf`kriqŠ`, opn“bhŠe ak`cn)eqŠhe h ŠepohlnqŠ|, me hqonk|griŠe c`geŠr b ung“iqŠbemm{u h a{Šnb{u mrfd`u. qo`qhan.


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N: 5-6 (83-84) – 2012

АЛЕКСАНДРО-НЕВСКОЕ БРАТСТВО

ÏÐÈÃËÀØÀÅÒ ÏÐÀÂÎÑËÀÂÍÛÉ Ìåæðåãèîíàëüíàÿ îáùåñòâåííàÿ îðãàíèçàöèÿ ñîäåéñòâèÿ âîçðîæäåíèþ êóëüòóðû, äóõîâíîñòè è ïàòðèîòèçìà «ÀËÅÊÑÀÍÄÐÎ-ÍÅÂÑÊÎÅ ÁÐÀÒÑÒÂλ Ïðèãëàøàåì ê ñîòðóäíè÷åñòâó! Ñ 10 èþëÿ – 18 àâãóñòà 2012 ãîäà ïðîéä¸ò II Ìåæäóíàðîäíûé ìîëîä¸æíûé îáðàçîâàòåëüíûé Ëàãåðü «Òèõâèí-2012. Ïðèêîñíèñü ê ñâÿòûíå» ñ ó÷àñòèåì ìîëîä¸æè Ðîññèè è ìîëîäûõ ñîîòå÷åñòâåííèêîâ èç-çà ðóáåæà, ïî áëàãîñëîâåíèþ íàìåñòíèêà Ñâÿòî-Òðîèöêîé Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîé Ëàâðû, åïèñêîïà Âûáîðãñêîãî Íàçàðèÿ. Îðãàíèçàòîðîì ÿâëÿåòñÿ «Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêîå Áðàòñòâî».

Ëàãåðü – ýòî ñúåçä ìîëîä¸æè ñ öåëüþ: ñîâ��åñòíî ïîòðóäèòüñÿ íà âîññòàíîâëåíèè äðåâíåãî ìîíàñòûðÿ XVI âåêà; ïîëó÷èòü îïûò æèçíè â ìîíàñòûðå è ïðèîáùèòüñÿ ê òðàäèöèîííûì äóõîâíûì öåííîñòÿì; íàéòè äðóçåé è ñ äóõîâíîé ïîëüçîé ïðîâåñòè âðåìÿ! Ìû óâåðåíû, ÷òî íåçàâèñèìî îò òîãî, ãäå ïðîæèâàþò íàøè ñîîòå÷åñòâåííèêè – íàñ îáúåäèíÿåò ïðàâîñëàâíàÿ âåðà è ñòðåìëåíèå ïðèíåñòè ïîëüçó âî áëàãî Ðóññêîé Ïðàâîñëàâíîé Öåðêâè! Íàì åñòü ÷åì ïîäåëèòüñÿ äðóã ñ äðóãîì, ÷òî îáñóäèòü, ñîáðàâøèñü âìåñòå!

 ïðîãðàììå ëàãåðÿ: 1. ñîâìåñòíûé òðóä â ìîíàñòûðå; 2. ëåêöèè, áåñåäû; 3. ñïåâêè, ìóçûêàëüíûå è òâîð÷åñêèå âå÷åðà, à òàêæå ñïîðòèâíûå èãðû; 4. ôîðóì ñ äîêëàäàìè î æèçíè ðóññêèõ îáùèí çà ðóáåæîì, î ñîâðåìåííîì ðóññêîì ÿçûêå, à òàêæå ðàçðàáîòêà ïëàíà ñîâìåñòíûõ ìåðîïðèÿòèé â áóäóùåì; 5. ýêñêóðñèè â ìîíàñòûðè: Àëåêñàíäðî-Ñâèðñêèé, Ââåäåíî-Îÿòñêèé, Àíòîíèåâî-Äûìñêèé è ñêèò ï. Ñåííî. Ëàãåðü áóäåò ðàñïîëîæåí íà òåððèòîðèè Ââåäåíñêîãî ìîíàñòûðÿ: ã.Òèõâèí Ëåíèíãðàäñêîé îáëàñòè .

Ïðèãëàøàåì ïðèíÿòü ó÷àñòèå ìîëîä¸æü â âîçðàñòå îò 18 äî 30-òè ëåò! Êîëè÷åñòâî ìåñò îãðàíè÷åíî! Ïîäðîáíóþ èíôîðìàöèþ î ëàãåðå ìîæíî ïîëó÷èòü, ïîñåòèâ íàø ñàéò: http://www.anbratstvo.ru, à òàêæå, ïðèñîåäèíèâøèñü ê íàøåé ãðóïïå/âñòðå÷å â èíòåðíåòå: http://vk.com/tihvin2012. Ìû áóäåì ðàäû îòâåòèòü íà ëþáûå âîïðîñû. Ïîæàëóéñòà, ïðèñûëàéòå èõ íà àäðåñ: anb612@yandex.ru, anbratstvo@gmail.com èëè çâîíèòå ïî òåëåôîíó: +7 (921) 573-33-54, Òèõîìèðîâà Àííà.

 ýòîì ãîäó ëàãåðü «Òèõâèí-2012. Ïðèêîñíèñü ê ñâÿòûíå» ïðîéä¸ò â òðè ñìåíû, ïî 12 äíåé êàæäàÿ, â ïåðâóþ èç íèõ îæèäàåòñÿ ó÷àñòèå ïðàâîñëàâíûõ ðåáÿò èç-çà ðóáåæà. Òèõâèí, íåáîëüøîé ãîðîä íà Ñåâåðî-Çàïàäå Ðîññèè, âñåãäà çàíèìàë îñîáîå ìåñòî â ñåðäöå ðóññêîãî íàðîäà. Âåäü èìåííî çäåñü áûë ÿâëåí ñòîëü ÷òèìûé ïðàâîñëàâíûìè îáðàç Áîæèåé Ìàòåðè, íàïèñàííûé, ïî ïðåäàíèþ, åù¸ ñàìèì àïîñòîëîì Ëóêîé. Íåñêîëüêî ñòîëåòèé, ñ 1560 ãîäà, õðàíèëñÿ îí â Óñïåíñêîì ìóæñêîì ìîíàñòûðå, îäíîâðåìåííî ñ êîòîðûì ñîçäàâàëñÿ è äåâè÷èé, Ââåäåíñêèé.  "Îïèñàíèè Ââåäåíñêîãî äåâè÷üåãî ìîíàñòûðÿ" (ã. Òèõâèí, 1914 ã.) ñêàçàíî: "Ââåäåíñêèé ìîíàñòûðü âñåãäà èìååò íåðàçðûâíîå – äóõîâíîå îòíîøåíèå ñ Áîëüøèì Òèõâèíñêèì ìîíàñòûð¸ì". Âîò è òåïåðü îáà ìîíàñòûðÿ âî âòîðîé ðàç ãîñòåïðèèìíî ðàñïàõíóò ñâîè äâåðè, ÷òîáû ïðèíÿòü ó÷àñòíèêîâ ëàãåðÿ. Ââåäåíñêèé ìîíàñòûðü ïåðåæèë íåìàëî çà íåñêîëüêî âåêîâ ñâîåãî ñóùåñòâîâàíèÿ – âî âðåìÿ øâåäñêîãî íàøåñòâèÿ îáèòåëü áûëà ñîææåíà äîòëà. Îäíàêî, íè÷òî íå ìîæåò ñðàâíèòüñÿ ñ óðîíîì, êîòîðûé íàíåñëè åé ãîäû ñîâåòñêîé âëàñòè, êîãäà áûëè óíè÷òîæåíû íå òîëüêî ìàòåðèàëüíûå öåííî-

ñòè è îïóñòîøåíû çäàíèÿ, íî ïðåêðàùåíà ìîíàøåñêàÿ æèçíü è ìîëèòâà. Ââåäåíñêèé Òèõâèíñêèé æåíñêèé ìîíàñòûðü áûë ñîâñåì íåäàâíî ïåðåäàí Ðóññêîé Ïðàâîñëàâíîé Öåðêâè – ñîãëàøåíèå î ïåðåäà÷å áûëî ïîäïèñàíî ãóáåðíàòîðîì Ëåíèíãðàäñêîé îáëàñòè Âàëåðèåì Ñåðäþêîâûì 6 èþíÿ.  1998 ãîäó ó þæíîé ñòåíû Ââåäåíñêîãî ñîáîðà â åãî ïðåñòîëüíûé ïðàçäíèê áûë âîçäâèãíóò ïîêëîííûé êðåñò. Ñ òåõ ïîð íà÷àëñÿ ïðîöåññ âîçðîæäåíèÿ ìîëèòâåííîé æèçíè. Êîðïóñà è êåëüè èñïîëüçîâàëèñü ïîä ìàñòåðñêèå è ïóíêò ñáîðà ìåòàëëîëîìà. Êîëîêîëüíÿ äîëãîå âðåìÿ ñëóæèëà ãàðàæîì äëÿ àâòîìîáèëåé ïîæàðíîé îõðàíû ìåñòíîãî çàâîäà è òîëüêî â 2005 ãîäó áûëà âîçâðàùåíà Öåðêâè äëÿ ðåêîíñòðóêöèè è âîçîáíîâëåíèÿ ìîíàøåñêîé æèçíè. È ëèøü 20 ÿíâàðÿ òåêóùåãî ãîäà èç ãëàâíîãî õðàìà îáèòåëè âûåõàë ñïîðòèâíûé êëóá. Ó÷àñòíèêàì ëàãåðÿ ïðåäñòîèò ñåðü¸çíàÿ ðàáîòà – âåäü ñåé÷àñ â ìîíàñòûðå âñ¸ íàïîìèíàåò î «ðà÷èòåëüíîì õîçÿéñòâîâàíèè» ïðåæíåé âëàñòè. Ïðîãðàììà ëàãåðÿ ìàêñèìàëüíî íàñûùåíà è ðàçíîîáðàçíà. Âàæíîå ìåñòî â íåé çàíèìàþò ïàëîìíè÷åñêèå ïîåçäêè – ó÷àñòíèêè ïîñåòÿò ÑâÿòîÒðîèöêóþ Àëåêñàíäðî-Íåâñêóþ Ëàâðó, Ñâÿòî-Òðî-

èöêèé Àëåêñàíäðî-Ñâèðñêèé ìóæñêîé ìîíàñòûðü, Àíòîíèåâî-Äûìñêèé Ñâÿòî-Òðîèöêèé ìóæñêîé ìîíàñòûðü, ÷óäîòâîðíûé èñòî÷íèê â ñêèòó Ñåííî. Îáðàçîâàòåëüíàÿ ÷àñòü ïðîãðàììû ïðåäóñìàòðèâàåò ëåêöèè è äèñêóññèè íà äóõîâíûå òåìû, çàíÿòèÿ ïî öåðêîâíî-ñëàâÿíñêîìó ÿçûêó, èñòîðèè Ðîññèè, ïðàâèëüíîìó ÷òåíèþ è ïîíèìàíèþ Áèáëèè, ñîâìåñòíûé ïðîñìîòð ïðàâîñëàâíûõ ôèëüìîâ, ïîñåùåíèÿ êðàåâåä÷åñêîãî ìóçåÿ è óâëåêàòåëüíåéøèå ýêñêóðñèè ïî Òèõâèíó. Çàíÿòèÿ äëÿ ó÷àñòíèêîâ áóäóò ïðîâîäèòü ïðîôåññîðà èç Ñàíêò-Ïåòåðáóðãà, ïðåïîäàâàòåëè Äóõîâíîé àêàäåìèè, æóðíàëèñòû è ïèñàòåëè. Êðîìå òîãî, ó÷àñòíèêîâ æäóò ìóçûêàëüíûå è òâîð÷åñêèå âå÷åðà, ñïîðòèâíûå èãðû, ôîðóì, â õîäå êîòîðîãî ðåáÿòà èç-çà ðóáåæà ðàññêàæóò î æèçíè ïðàâîñëàâíûõ îáùèí â ðàçíûõ ñòðàíàõ ìèðà, ïîäåëÿòñÿ ñâîèìè ìûñëÿìè è èäåÿìè î ðàçâèòèè äåÿòåëüíîñòè áðàòñòâà. Ïî ñëîâàì îðãàíèçàòîðîâ, ó÷àñòíèêîâ ëàãåðÿ æä¸ò íåìàëî ïðèÿòíûõ ñþðïðèçîâ, ñêó÷íî íå áóäåò íèêîìó: çà 12 äíåé ñìåíû êàæäûé ñìîæåò íàéòè ñåáÿ è ðåàëèçîâàòü ñâîè ñïîñîáíîñòè, îòêðûòü ÷òîòî íîâîå, íàéòè åäèíîìûøëåííèêîâ.

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Вестник Александро-Невской Лавры № 5-6