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Iron wolf

itory Terr

Amber

National emblem

Pattern Carved wo poles oden

Potter

y

Flag

Basketball

Oak

Colored eggs

e

ak Tree-c

Potato dumplings

Ver

ba

Do you think that Lithuania is what these pictures depict? Both yes and no... In reality it is much more than that!

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Our towns, and rivers, and roads. Charming woods in their green sough. Clouds so white up in the sky… First time here, or back again? Or do you simply look around? Cast a glance, and make it close! Look what’s here? What’s over there? Learn the things that you don’t know yet!

Hello Lithuania!

I would like to meet you!

Will you invite me to be your guest?

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History

Lithuanians are Indo-Europeans and Balts. Latvians are the other Baltic nation.

People settled in the territory of Lithuania when the first glacial period was over. Many wars and other events took place there since. The thickest history book may not have enough space to write about all of them!

XI-IX c. B.C. The first Lithuanian inhabitants did not name themselves as Lithuanians. They were nomads, used stone tools, hunted wild beasts and collected edible things in forests.

Balts Historians of ancient times mention that many tribes inhabited this territory. Now they have the common name, the Balts. The tribes were ruled by many rulers, and there was no common state.

Uniting Lithuania

Name of Lithuania Lithuania (Litua) was first mentioned in chronicles in 1009.

In the XIII c. Lithuania was united by the Grand Duke Mindaugas. He was the first and the only crowned King of Lithuania.

Establishing Vilnius Vilnius has become the capital city of Lithuania in the XIV c., under the reign of the Knight Gediminas.

Vytautas and the Battle of Grunwald In the XIV-XV c., under the reign of the Knight Vytautas, Lithuania was a large and powerful state stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea. In 1410 Vytautas lead Lithuanians when the united army of Lithuanians and Poles defeated the powerful order of Crusaders.

Christianization of Lithuania Mindaugas

Gediminas

Vytautas

Lithuanians were the last pagans in Europe. They accepted Christianity as late as in 1387.

The Lithuanian language is among the oldest living IndoEuropean languages equaling Latin and Sanskrit. 8


Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

In 1569 Lithuania and Poland united to become the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This state was ruled by the King, and was among the first in the world to have the Constitution. It survived up the partitioning of 1795, after which the major part of the territory of Lithuania went to Russia.

World War I In 1915 Lithuania was occupied by the German army.

Declaring Independence On 16 February 1918 Lithuania declared the Independence.

Up to 1940

World War II and occupations

Lithuania was an independent state made prominent in the world by its people. Up to now the heroic flight of pilots S. Darius and S. GirÄ—nas is remembered, when in 1933 they crossed the Atlantic by the airplane Lituanica.

In 1940 Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union. Many people were exiled to Siberia and massacred. In 1941 the country was occupied by Germans, and in 1944 they were replaced by the Soviet Army. Lithuania became a USSR republic.

Declaring Independence On 11 March 1990 Lithuania proclaimed the restoration of Independence.

2004 On 29 March 2004 Lithuania became a NATO member, and on 1 May 2004 became a member of the European Union.

On 23 August 1989 the people of independence-seeking Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia joined hands to form a live human chain, the Baltic Way, as many as 650 km long, from Tallinn to Vilnius. 9


What could you tell your friend visiting Lithuania for the first time? Or who just has an intention to visit it? And you – do you already know everything about it? You will find the most important things here. And the most interesting ones, too!

9 786094 032721

Hello, Lithuania!  

Knygos „Hello, Lithuania!“ ištrauką

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