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BUILDING STORIES A Construction Based Activity Workbook Grades: 6th through 8th


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SAFETY FIRST Personal Protection Equipment

Safety is always a #1 Priority! In construction, everyone should have their own safety equipment known as, Personal Protection Equipment, or PPE. Write the correct PPE next to the corresponding icon

HARD HAT

WORK BOOTS

EARPHONES

SAFETY GOGGLES

SAFETY VEST

WORK GLOVES

SAFETY AT HOME AND SCHOOL

Where can you find Personal Protection Equipment around your school and home? List where you can find and use the following safety equipment. Discuss as a class what other safety equipment you can find around your school or home.


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SAFETY FIRST Preventing Accidents

4

Top

Construction

Hazards

It is very important to always be aware of potential dangers so you can avoid or prevent accidents. There are four major hazards that can cause accidents and injury: Falls, being struck-by something, getting caught in or between something and electrocution.

Struck-By

FALLS

anything in the workplace that could cause an unintended loss of balance or bodily support and result in a fall

Caught-In/ Between results from a person being squeezed, caught, crushed, pinched, or compressed between two or more objects, or between parts of an object

caused by forcible contact or impact between the injured person and an object or piece of equipment.

Electrocution

results when a person is exposed to a potentially lethal amount of electrical energy

PREVENTING HAZARDS AT HOME AND SCHOOL

How can you prevent hazards at your school and home? Based on the descriptions above, fill in the blank with the correct hazard that corresponds with each prevention tip. Avoid overloading power strips and other receptacles with multiple plugs. Wear bright clothing and if walking at night, wear clothing with reflective strips (or place them on your backpack) or carry a flashlight. Clean up clutter on the floor, remove any tripping hazards. Store and use electric devices away from water, appliances should always be kept away from any moisture. Look right and left before crossing the street, even if you’re in a crosswalk and the signal is green. Clean up any spills on the floor immediately. Store outdoor electrical equipment in a place where it will be kept dry, like a garage shelf. If a plugged-in appliance falls into water, do not attempt to retrieve it until you turn off power to the corresponding circuit. Use grab bars and handrails when walking up and down stairs. Stay on designated walkways. if none are available, walk so that you’re facing oncoming traffic. Never use an electrical appliance while in the bath or shower.


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Date CONSTRUCTION ROLE DEFINITIONS

Building Stories: Critical Thinking Eight construction professionals, Ashley, Charlie, Gary, John, Julie, Mike, Steve, and Tom, all wearing different colors, (Yellow, White, Red, Orange, Purple, Green, Blue, and Black) are sitting around a table during a meeting. Each professional brings something different to the table for their current project, their industry expertise. Based on the statements below, determine who wore what color and what job they each have. *TIP: Read all statements carefully before starting. 1. Tom and Charlie are not seated on the same side of the table; one of them is wearing green and the other is wearing white. 2. The people wearing red, white and yellow are all seated on the same side, the subcontractor is seated in the middle and the person in yellow is seated on the end. 3. Gary, who is not wearing orange and is not sitting on the same side as Ashley, is sitting in the middle to the right of the engineer wearing green. 4. The person who brought the drawings is wearing red and is sitting closest to the door, the person wearing purple is the supervisor of the site operations. 5. Julie and John are sitting the furthest across from each other; one of them, who brought the cost estimates, is sitting in front of the windows. 6. Steve showed up with the project schedule and is sitting directly across the owner, who is not wearing blue. 7. The construction manager is sitting to the left of Mike, neither one is wearing black nor facing the projection screen. 8. Tom is sitting closer to Julie than Charlie is to John.

Owner Person(s) or business that initiates a project, finances it, hires contractor, and benefits from its use upon completion. Architect Plans, designs, draws and oversees the construction of buildings Engineer Designs structures and building systems within the limitations of practicality, regulation, safety, and cost. General Contractor / Construction Manager Person or business who is in charge of the planning, developing and controlling all activities that are involved with the building of the structure(s), can be commercial, residential or industrial construction. Estimator Analyzes construction documents and architect's drawings to estimate all of the related costs and entire cost of a construction project. Project Manager Manages the project and schedule so it finishes on time and on budget, and according to building codes, plans, and specs. Superintendent Supervises the day-to-day operations and coordinates subcontractors on the construction site. Subcontractor Performs work of a specific trade or skill as part of a larger project under a contract with a general contractor. Examples: Mechanical/ HVAC/ Plumbing, Electrical, Structural, Concrete, Masonry, other trades

door Right

window

window

Left

Left

Right projection screen


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Building Stories: Critical Thinking Solving Methods Below are two methods to use to solve the problem on the previous page. Read through the clues one at a time filling in what you discover as you go. Use the table method on top or the grid method on the bottom of the page to help solve the problem on the previous page.

Owner Architect Engineer Construction Manager Estimator Project Manager Superintendent Subcontractor

NAME

COLOR

JOB TITLE

Ashley Charlie Gary John Julie Mike Steve Tom Yellow White Red Orange Purple Green Blue Black

Yellow

Owner Architect Engineer Construction Manager Estimator Project Manager Superintendent Subcontractor Ashley Charlie Gary John Julie Mike Steve Tom

White

Red

Orange

Purple

Green

Blue

Black

Ashley

Charlie

Gary

John

Julie

Mike

Steve

Tom


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Building Stories: Calculating Project Costs Your school is building a new outdoor activity area. The area will have a fence around the perimeter and will have three concrete areas and grass. Our job today is to help the Project Estimator calculate the costs and time it will take to complete the project. Use the diagram and information provided below to solve the problems on the following page.

Middle School Outdoor Activity Area 140 ft

92 ft

25 ft

B A

21 ft

30 ft

70 ft

C

21 ft

25 ft

Concrete Surface

Material Cost Concrete Unit Cost: $3.00 per square foot Grass (Sod) Unit Cost: $0.50 per square foot Fence Unit Cost: $9.00 per foot

Labor Cost Concrete Finisher Hourly Wage: $17.00 per hour Sod Layer Hourly Wage: $15.00 per hour Fence Runner Hourly Wage: $13.00 per hour

Completion Time Concrete: 1 Finisher works at 127 square feet per hour Grass (Sod): 1 Layer works at 299.5 square feet per hour Fence: 1 Runner works at 35 feet per hour

Grass (Sod) Surface

Formulas AREA A = l x w

PERIMETER P = 2(l+w)

TOTAL MATERIAL COST TMC = Unit Cost * Area

Labor Cost Labor = Time * (Workers* Wage)


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Building Stories: Calculating Project Costs Use the diagram and information provided on the previous page to solve the problems below. Remember to show your work. 1. What is the perimeter of the outdoor activity area?

2. What is the area of Concrete Surface A?

3. What is the area of Concrete Surface B & C?

4. What is the area for the remaining Grass (Sod) Surface?

5. What is the total material cost for all three Concrete Surfaces?

6. What is the total material cost for the Grass (Sod) Surface?

7. What is the total material cost for the perimeter fence?

8. How long will it take 5 Concrete Finishers to finish all three Concrete Surfaces? How much will labor cost?

9. How long will it take 3 Fence Runners to run a fence around the perimeter of the outdoor area? How much will labor cost?

10. If it takes 4 Sod Layers 5 hours to lay all of the sod, what is the total cost of the entire project, including all material costs and all labor costs?


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CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

BULLDOZER

TOWERCRANE

DUMPTRUCK

BARRICADE

EXCAVATOR

SCAFFOLD

COMPACTOR

ROLLER

FORKLIFT

Across 2. A raised wooden platform used to hold workers 6. A portable hammer or drill operated by pressurized air or gas 8. A machine that creates a pit by digging the earth in preparation for construction 9. A vehicle with a pronged device in front for lifting and carrying heavy loads 10. A fence or other obstacle that prevents movement or access 12. A truck with a body that tilts or opens at the back for unloading Down 1. A machine with a cylinder that rotates around a central axis and is used to move, flatten, or spread something 3. A machine used to reduce the size of material through compaction 4. Miley Cyrus came in like one 5. A motorized, railed platform with crisscrossing metal supports that elongate as the platform is raised straight up. 7. A tall, fixed vertical mast that is topped by a rotating boom and equipped with a winch for hoisting and lowering loads. 11. A powerful tractor with a broad upright blade at the front for clearing ground

SCISSORLIFT

JACKHAMMER

WRECKINGBALL


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Building Stories: Writing for Social Media Ooops! Proof read the social media posts and rewrite them using proper grammar and spelling. Create new captions to add to the social media posts.

wOW! The caeferia at the Lewisville, Middle School looks amazing. Renovations are completion soon: justa about in time to start the next school year.

The colums; made of the many bricks; are accenting the library nice. This picture was take at one Lewisville ISD local Middle School. #libary #books

This is a article that is written good. and intresting. #Employees Ribbon cutting for new elementary school was great lots of happy kids that which are excited to start school this year hope they enjoy the brandnew school build just for them.

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