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One more winner: we celebrate the 2017 Margolese National Design for Living Prize.


Jurors Shirley Blumberg, Jack Kobayashi and Steve McFarlane apply rigorous standards in selecting the best projects-in-progress for 2017.

21 WINNING TEAMS Profiles of the 2017 recipients. 49 LOOK BACK IN WONDER

A list of every Award of Excellence, with a highlight project from each decade.

58 HOMAGE TO JURIES PAST The illustrious list of jurors from 1967 to now. 46 Alastair Bird, Dalhousie University

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We celebrate our 50th Awards of Excellence issue with a collage of selected vintage Canadian Architect covers—and a meta-cover of our current 2017 Awards edition.


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And one more Winner... While we celebrate the 50th birthday of our Canadian Architect Awards, we also would like to laud another major award announced elsewhere in the design community. This award honours a person rather than a project: the 2017 Margolese National Design for Living Prize. The list of nominated candidates formed a remarkable high-achievement club, but simple professional accomplishment is not in itself what the Margolese is about. Organized and distributed by the University of British Columbia’s Faculty of Applied Science through the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, the $50,000 no-strings prize goes to an individual whose work actively contributes to improving the living environment for Canadians of all economic classes, with the prospect for more to come. This year’s winner, Anne Cormier, could hardly be a more exemplary recipient. Architect, teacher, researcher, advocate, activist, humanist, the co-founder and principal of the high-voltage Montreal firm Atelier Big City, Cormier embodies the role of socially minded interdisciplinarian. She has struggled mightily—and not always successfully—with governments to compel better design of public buildings, spaces, transportation systems and neighbourhoods. In a smarter world, her studio’s motto, “Architecture is a Public Policy,” would read as a tautology, so self-evident is its accuracy. But we do not live in a particularly smart world. Her architecture covers the economic spectrum, from highend to social housing, as does her groundwork in this fall’s World Design Summit, her work at the Université de Montréal, and the hundreds of other small and large community projects in which she implicates herself. Copiously endowed by the late Vancouver business magnate Leonard Herbert Margolese, the Prize itself is a scant five years old, but is one of the richest honours in the Canadian design community. In full disclosure, I had the honour and challenge of serving on this year’s jury, along

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with two prominent members of the Canadian design community who, like Cormier, exemplify the Margolese Prize values: landscape architect/ UBC professor Moura Quayle, who is currently the pro tem director of the university’s School of Public Policy and Global Affairs; and architect Daniel Pearl, a principal of the design firm L’Oeuf and professor at the Université de Montréal. “It’s rare that one individual can tacitly fight for the better good, through so many varied realms within one career, and at a high level of excellence,” notes Pearl. Yet the Margolese Prize nominees and winners are not limited to architects: they can be planners, engineers, public artists, policy makers, entrepreneurs, community activists or in any field that contributes to improving the living environment for Canadians. They may use their award to continue their heroics or take their work in an entirely different direction. Last year’s winner was Idle No More co-founder Sylvia McAdams, whose fearless activism has injected hope and prompted change in the living conditions of Indigenous communities. Previous winners were landscape architect Cornelia Oberlander; McGill University professor and urban agriculture promoter Vikram Bhatt; architect Bing Thom; and University of Toronto professor and transportation researcher Eric Miller. The common characteristic of their work is its interdisciplinary and social aspect. The Margolese is still relatively unknown relative to its purse and prestige, but it’s quite likely that within a decade it will cart the same legendary intrigue in Canada as the McArthur “genius” grants do in the United States. “I don’t think we have enough rewards for risk-taking, experimenting and generally mobilizing knowledge, especially ones that focus on the improvement of living environments,” observes Quayle. No, we don’t, but here’s one. Adele Weder

EDITORIAL ADVISOR IAN CHODIKOFF, OAA, FRAIC CONTRIBUTING EDITORS ANNMARIE ADAMS, FRAIC ODILE HÉNAULT DOUGLAS MACLEOD, NCARB, MRAIC REGIONAL CORRESPONDENTS HALIFAX CHRISTINE MACY, OAA REGINA BERNARD FLAMAN, SAA MONTREAL DAVID THEODORE CALGARY GRAHAM LIVESEY, MRAIC WINNIPEG LISA LANDRUM, MAA, AIA, MRAIC VICE PRESIDENT & SENIOR PUBLISHER STEVE WILSON 416-441-2085 x105 SALES MANAGER FARIA AHMED 416-441-2085 x106 CUSTOMER SERVICE / PRODUCTION LAURA MOFFATT 416-441-2085 x104 CIRCULATION CIRCULATION@CANADIANARCHITECT.COM PRESIDENT OF IQ BUSINESS MEDIA INC. ALEX PAPANOU HEAD OFFICE 101 DUNCAN MILL ROAD, SUITE 302 TORONTO, ON M3B 1Z3 TELEPHONE 416-441-2085 E-MAIL WEBSITE Canadian Architect is published monthly by iQ Business Media Inc.. The editors have made every reasonable effort to provide accurate and authoritative information, but they assume no liability for the accuracy or completeness of the text, or its fitness for any particular purpose. Subscription Rates Canada: $54.95 plus applicable taxes for one year; $87.95 plus applicable taxes for two years (HST – #80456 2965 RT0001). Price per single copy: $6.95. Students (prepaid with student ID, includes taxes): $27.00 for one year. USA: $105.95 US for one year. All other foreign: $125.95 US per year. Single copy US and foreign: $10.00 US. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., Canadian Architect, 101 Duncan Mill Road, Suite 302 Toronto, ON M3B 1Z3. Postmaster: please forward forms 29B and 67B to 101 Duncan Mill Road, Suite 302 Toronto, ON M3B 1Z3. Printed in Canada. All rights reserved. The contents of this publication may not be re­produced either in part or in full without the consent of the copyright owner. From time to time we make our subscription list available to select companies and organizations whose product or service may interest you. If you do not wish your contact information to be made available, please contact us via one of the following methods: Telephone 416-441-2085 x104 E-mail Mail Circulation, 101 Duncan Mill Road, Suite 302, Toronto, ON M3B 1Z3 MEMBER OF THE CANADIAN BUSINESS PRESS MEMBER OF THE ALLIANCE FOR AUDITED MEDIA PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT #43096012 ISSN 1923-3353 (ONLINE) ISSN 0008-2872 (PRINT)


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Jack Kobayashi

Steve McFarlane




Shirley Blumberg

Saint Joseph’s Oratory of Mount Royal


The 2017 Canadian Architect Awards of Excellence transpire at a pivotal moment. This year’s Awards, which mark a tidy half-century of Awards deliberations, transpire at a time when many are questioning both the means and the measure of the relentless building boom of the western world. As in most years, the 153 submissions geographically traversed much of the nation and featured a variety of programme types, all slated to be built or already under construction. The submitted projects were evaluated by three architects —Shirley Blumberg, Jack Kobayashi and Steve McFarlane—whose work regularly addresses larger issues of sustainability and social pertinence. Although the overall submissions presented an array of strong and, in many cases, high-profile projects from some of the nation’s most renowned firms, the final winners would be limited to just seven Awards—six professional, one student. If not quite the shut-out of 1980, in which no submission was deemed award-worthy, the 2017 deliberations were nonetheless characterized by exceptionally high standards. More than ever, buildings must justify their existence beyond sensual pleasures. As Blumberg asserted during the two-day adjudication period, “The first criterion is sustainability: build less.” That credo does not diminish the role of architecture; it elevates it. Whatever does get built should contribute to the greater common good; architects, trained to synthesize ideas and evaluate and opportunities while working with the constraints of existing conditions.

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In the context of this rigorous approach, a number of good projects did not make it to the final round. Some of these submissions were for weekend homes or single-family houses of impressive elegance. The jurors concurred that the typology itself was becoming anachronistic as cities densify. “The house has to be able to bring something else to the table other than deluxe accommodation for a nuclear family,” said McFarlane. But that didn’t mean that the more sustainably-minded residential structures avoided scrutiny in other areas. A mid-rise building with cleverly designed micro-units won praise for addressing a current urban need, but lost points for projecting a non-congenial void in its façade at street level. The conventionally good design of an elegant low-rise residence for the elderly won praise and some extended contemplation, as did the solarpanelled design for a new fire hall. The final Award winners, however would have to push beyond convention and offer design approach that would push each programme to a new standard of excellence and innovation. The jury scrutinized whether opportunities offered by the programme, site and context were harnessed or squandered, and whether a project held promised to advance its programme type. One submission, for instance, presented a major expansion to an existing hospital situated on a riverbank. A product of its times, the original hospital had completely ignored its waterfront setting; the new expansion made some redress with some new outdoor space and a partial reorientation to the water, but

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missed the larger and very real opportunity to harness the therapeutic qualities and pleasures that could have been had by making a stronger connection and full orientation towards the water. A handful of submissions involved the restoration, expansion, transformation or adjacency to a significant heritage building or buildings. Overall, the heritage restoration and expansion submissions earned the interest and respect from the jurors, if not actual Awards. The unique challenges of these programmes triggered extended discussions of the role and effectiveness of each of the contemporary interventions. The slated transformation of a brutalist landmark that will involve encasing its bottom half in glass did not pass final muster, as the efficiency and usefulness of the interior of the glass casing was questioned. In more general terms, Kobayashi cautioned against “projects that are essentially greenhouses—they aren’t sustainable.” In another heritage-context submission, the interior circulation space of a new academic building relayed an intellectual and visual homage to the landmark 20th-century building next door to it by paralleling its geometry. That project made it to the second-day shortlist, but the jury ultimately determined that the geometric homage—while commendable—unduly compromised the useful programming of that space. Above all, the jury explored how each submission would serve its programme and inhabitants. Some of the projects, noted Blumberg, “seem inspired by images in magazines. But what we do as architects is solve problems.” The aesthetics of the renderings counted for less in the final evaluations than innovative design solutions for the respective programmes—whether and how each design team addressed them in a way that would tangibly improve the lives of their end-users and communities, as well as the larger realm. The two full days of trenchant discussions reaffirmed the rare and particular skill set of the nation’s architects, and their capability to synthesize disparate problems and considerations—including many that barely registered in the collective mindset of the profession and that first adjudication 50 long years ago. Shirley Blumberg, CM, OAA, FRAIC, AIA is a founding partner of KPMB Architects and a Member of the Order of Canada for her contributions to architecture and for her commitment to creating spaces that foster a sense of community. She studied at the University of Cape Town in South Africa and, after immigrating to Canada completed her education at the University of Toronto. After working for Barton Myers Associates, she co-founded Kuwabara Payne McKenna Blumberg Architects in 1987. At KPMB, she has designed many of the firm’s noteworthy and awardwinning projects, including the Fort York Public Library, the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre at UBC , and the Centre for International Governance Innovation Campus (CIGI), recipient of a Governor General’s Medal, an American Institute of Architects Honor Award and a Royal Institute of British Architects International Award. She was also the design partner for a major mixed-use academic and student residential complex, Ponderosa Hub, at the University of British Columbia, which opened in 2016. Recently completed projects she has led include the Global Centre for Pluralism for the Aga Khan Foundation of Canada in Ottawa and the Julis Romo Rabinowitz Building and the Louis A. Simpson International Building at Princeton University, and the Remai Modern Art Gallery of Saskatchewan. Shirley is a member of the Toronto Community Housing Design Revie Panel and established Building Equality in Architecture Toronto (BEAT), an independent initiative dedicated to the promotion of equality in the profession of architecture.

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Jack Kobayashi, Architect AIBC, MNWTAA, MAAA, MCIP is the founding principal of Kobayashi + Zedda Architects (KZA) in Whitehorse, Yukon. Jack holds an urban planning degree from the University of Waterloo as well as a Master’s degree in Architecture from the University of Manitoba. He is registered with the Architectural Associations of BC , Alberta and the Northwest Territories. Jack’s design for the Centre for Northern Innovation in Mining in Whitehorse was featured in the November 2017 edition of Canadian Architect . Operating from a small, northern population base of only 30,000 people, KZA has gained entry to large, technical and diverse projects by routinely partnering with larger firms from the south, a process they refer to as a “virtual mentorship.” The firm is known for its hands-on, physical, operational and community-based approach to its architecture. The principals have also launched their own development arm, called 360° Design Build, creating over two dozen multi-use projects; and its own property-management firm that manages over 50,000 ft2 of commercial space. KZA was named the 2015 B.C./Yukon Entrepreneur of the Year from Start-Up Canada for its effort to incubate small, creative-based businesses within commercial space it owns in downtown Whitehorse, including the firm’s own bakery and café. KZA is the recipient of several major architectural awards, including three British Columbia Lieutenant-Governor Awards and the 2006 Professional Prix de Rome for Architecture from the Canada Council. The firm received the Northerners of the Year Award in 2006 by Up Here Magazine, in recognition of its efforts to revitalize and build a sense of community in downtown Whitehorse. The firm also received a  2012 Canadian Architect Award of Excellence for its design of Childen’s First Centre in Inuvik, Northwest Territories. Steve McFarlane is a founding principal of the Vancouver-based office of mcfarlane biggar architects + designers (omb). He received his master of architecture degree from the Technical University of Nova Scotia and practiced architecture in Toronto and Halifax before moving to Vancouver in the early 1990s. He strives for architecture that endures through the rewards of thoughtfulness and restraint, cultivated by an ethos of honesty and purpose. A strong advocate of simplicity and rigour, he engages the omb team in the pursuit of design that manages the responsibilities of the future, responds to lessons of the past, and resonates meaningfully with its context. The firm’s history includes a multitude of awards, including Governor General’s Medals in Architecture, the RAIC Innovation Award, Lieutenant Governor of BC M edals in Architecture, and North American Wood Design Awards. Maintaining an active voice in the responsible growth of our communities through advocacy, teaching, and volunteerism, Steve is the past chair and vice-chair of design panels for the City of Vancouver, City of North Vancouver, and UBC . In 2011, he was recognized as a Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada.

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awards of excellence From the first year: Canadian Architect editor and jury chair James Murray (left) with Macy DuBois, Eb Zeidler, and associate editor Patricia Gillespie and managing editor Robert Gretton.


The 50 editions of Canadian Architect magazine’s award coverage are like stops in a time-machine shuttle through Canadian architectural history. Much of our nation’s landmark architecture made its first public appearance as embryonic plans and models in these pages. It is our great pleasure to present in this edition not only some of the finest work-in-progress that comprise our 2017 Award winners, but also a selection of the finest of the finest, in our compilation of the entire list of every award winner since the first adjudication in 1967, and our selection of an exemplary project for each decade.

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This retrospective particularly rewarding labour of love to produce. In addition to the workhorse Canadian Architect staff on our masthead, a number of other individuals have contributed. We would like to give special thanks to several individuals who assisted in putting together this lookback feature. From Justin Laberge and from Cornelia and the late Peter Oberlander, we received a trove of vintage Canadian Architect unbound issues from which to glean images and information. For the compilation of Award winners, the selection of projects-of-the-decade and the capsule summaries of their social and architectural merit, we received substantial assistance from Jeremy Shipper, Sébastien Roy and Jeremie Dussault-Lefebvre, who are masters students at the University of British Columbia School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture and producers of the annual design publication Room. Finally, we would like to thank all the architects—from the first Awards to this present edition—who have taken the time, care, resources and attention to submit their work for consideration, thereby enriching the conversation and ensuring its success.

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LEFT TO RIGHT, BACK TO FRONT : Ricardo Serrano, Pierre E. Leclerc, Andrew King, Yanick Casault, Hannah Silver King, Pierre Larouche, Myriam Perreault, Jasper King, Ramzi Bosha, James Sunderland, Karen Piché, Mathieu Cloutier, Valentin Guirao, Rémi St-Pierre, Cyril Cavalier, Nadine Chartouni, Maryse Ballard, Éric St-Pierre, Alice Marie Lima, Chloé Lavoie, Pier-Alexandre Molaison-Houde, Mustapha Djaziri, Jeffrey Ma, Manuel Galipeau, Milyausha Gabdrakhmanova, Jean-Sébastien Bourdages, and Simon Pelletier (absent)

Founded in 1957 in Montreal, and now with offices around the world, Lemay is an integrated design services firm, merging architecture, urban design, interiors, landscape architecture, engineering and sustainability services. Lemay has won over 350 awards and has been a winner of the Canada’s Best Managed Companies program since 2013. The firm’s LemayLAB is an instrument for research and innovation in all aspects of design, led by Andrew King and Eric Pelletier. Lemay partner and design principal Andrew King has won the Canada Council for the Arts Prix de Rome as well as three Canadian Architect Awards of Excellence and two AIA P/A Progressive Architecture Awards of Excellence. Lemay associate and design director Pierre Leclerc, who leads the firm’s institutional architecture studio, has been recognized with many honours, including over 20 major public artwork commissions.

FULL HOUSE Leckie Studio Architecture + Design Inc. is an interdisciplinary design studio based in Vancouver. Founded in 2015 by principal architect Michael Leckie, the studio works in a variety of scales and disciplines, including architecture, interiors, installations and product design. The firm’s residential and commercial projects are informed by an environmental sensitivity with an emphasis on scenario planning, passive solar design and flexible/modular spaces. The studio is committed to a rigorous process of discovery, derived from a deeply-rooted fascination with the act of making. Among the studio’s many recent awards and honours are a 2016 Canadian Interiors Best of Canada Award for Cha Le Tea Merchant, Canadian Architect Award of Merit for the Backcountry Hut, and Western Living’s Designers of the Year Arthur Erickson Memorial Award. The studio’s work has been widely published, most recently in Canadian Architect, which featured its work for the Vancouver office of Slack Technologies as the September 2017 cover story.

Michael Leckie, Dimitri Koubatis, Elaine Tat MIDDLE ROW James Eidse, Ashley Hannon, Milan Nikic BOTTOM ROW Emily Dovbniak; Foojan Kasravi and Gaile Guevara (Gail Guevara Studio) TOP ROW, LEFT TO RIGHT

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Marc Boutin, 02 Richard Cotter, 03 Jerry Hacker, 04 Sean Knight, 05 Tony Leong, 06 Fatima Rehman, Brett Sanderson, 08 Michelle Smith Cowman, 09 Tim Smith, 10 Trevor Steckly, 11 Nate Wagenaar, 12 Kalie Widmer, 13 Yves Poitras 01


Founded by Marc Boutin in 1997, the Marc Boutin Architectural Collaborative (MBAC) is a research-based practice based on a highly collaborative approach to architectural production, which it deems central to its identity. Collaboration resonates as both a philosophy that structures the firm’s design process and a practice for engaging the broader ecology of spaces, places and actions that together define the contemporary built environment. The firm uses this comprehensive approach to work with clients, sub-consultants, contractors, and many others to develop and deliver architectural, urban, and landscape design excellence. MBAC’s work has been published internationally and has garnered a number of awards and honours, including a 2014 Canadian Architect Award of Merit for the Edmonton Valley Zoo’s Children’s Precinct, a 2014 Canadian Society of Landscape Architects Awards of Excellence and two 2016 Prairie Design Award of Excellence.


Tarisha Dolyniuk, Jeremy Campbell, Timothy Belanger, Luke Duross, Obinna Ogunedo, Tyler Walker, Chris Burbridge, Andew Filarski, Leland Dadson, David Miller, Darlene Montgomery, Viktors Jaunkalns, Amanda Chong, Jasper Flores, Robert Allen, Ted Watson.

CHURCHILL MEADOWS COMMUNITY CENTRE MJMA is a Toronto-based multidisciplinary design firm focused on projects that advance personal and civic wellness. Founded in 1988 as MacLennan Jaunkalns Miller Architects, the firm’s projects include high-performance sport, recreation, libraries, wellness programs, aquatics, cultural and learning space, labs, sports fields, trails, gardens, and plazas. The common thread is a design focused to support maximum programmatic and social interaction, emphasizing

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connection of a wide demographic of user groups, and the tactic of directly linking interior spaces with landscaped areas and parks. The design team undertakes a rigorous analysis of the unique cultural and physical context for each project, informed by extensive public participation. The rich programmatic combinations that drive the design process respond directly to the evolving modern and social conditions of each community.

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GROW Modern Office of Design + Architecture (MoDA) was founded in 2013 by partners Dustin Couzens and Ben Klumper. Based in Calgary, MoDA functions as a critical architectural and interior design studio working at a multitude of scales and contexts. Central to both its conceptual and built work are themes defining the role of the public realm within the urban fabric, the fundamental relationship between social/cultural ideologies and emergent form, the quantitative and qualitative implications of context and site and the nuance of materiality and tectonics.


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Ben Klumper, Dustin Couzens, Monica Blain, Anthony Schmidt John Ferguson, Brant York, Nicholas Tam, David Vera

Saucier + Perrotte LEFT TO RIGHT, TOP ROW : Gilles Saucier, André Perrotte, Dominique Dumais, Marie Eve Primeau, Yutaro Minagawa BOTTOM ROW: Patrice Bégin, Olivier Krieger, Greg Neudorf, Christian Joakim, David Moreaux

ZAS Architects Inc. LEFT TO RIGHT : Paul Stevens, Guy D’Alesio, Carmen Szeto, Rob Connor

RIVER CITY 3 Founded in 1988 by Gilles Saucier and André Perrotte, Montreal-based Saucier + Perrotte Architectes is a multidisciplinary practice renowned internationally for its institutional, cultural and residential projects. The firm represented Canada at the Venice Biennale of Architecture in 2004 and has been honoured with numerous awards, including eight Governor General’s Medals and Awards, three P/A Progressive Architecture honours and two International Architecture Awards. In 2009, Saucier + Perrotte received the RAIC Architectural Firm Award and in 2014 both partners received the inaugural Ernest-Cormier Prize from the Quebec Minister of Culture and Communication for the overall quality of their work.

Established in 1994, ZAS Architects Inc. is a 75-person multi-disciplinary design team of architects, interior designers and sustainability specialists. Led by senior principals Marek Zawadzki, DJ A rmin and Paul Stevens, the firm has offices in Toronto, Vancouver and Dubai, with diverse projects ranging from public architecture to transportation infrastructure. Its joint collaboration on the four-phase, 1,100-unit River City development in Toronto with Saucier + Perrotte Architectes dates back to 2007. ZAS A rchitects has garnered over 60 design awards, including the Lieutenant Governor’s Award for Design Excellence in Architecture for the River City development.

ELECTRIC SPACE Alastair Bird has a passion for environmental stewardship and regional design solutions. Born and raised in Halifax, he lived in British Columbia and Ontario, receiving a Bachelor of Arts in History and Philosophy from the University of Ottawa before returning to his hometown for architectural studies. He received his Master of Architecture from Dalhousie University in 2017 with many honours, including the Henry Adams Medal. He currently works at MacKay-Lyons Sweetapple Architects.

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Saint Joseph’s Oratory in Montreal is a landmark on Mount Royal with significant cultural and natural value. The most visited building in the province, it welcomes some 2 million visitors every year. The project, a new reception pavilion and reconfiguration of the Sacred Axis and exterior site, creates a newly contemporary yet respectful architectural identity through thoughtful and meaningful design strategies. The first phase of the work aims to improve and facilitate visitor access to the entire site, including for people with limited mobility, by creating a new indoor route connected to pilgrimage services: reception, boutique and food services. It also includes the creation of a public square, to be named la Place de la Sainte-Famille (Holy Family Plaza) and the relocation and refurbishment of the Oratory’s carillon—one of only 11 carillons in Canada and the only one in the province of Quebec. The carillon has a rich history. The Paccard Bell Foundry of Annecyle-Vieux in France originally cast the bells for the Eiffel Tower, but they were never installed. In 1954, the carillon was loaned to the Oratory, and generous pilgrims later purchased the bells for the sanctuary. Their distinct sound now offers an opportunity to enhance pilgrims’ spiritual journey of ascension up the mountain. The intervention is framed by the heroic architecture of the Oratory, in dialogue with the mountain’s topography and morphology. It enhances the site as a place of welcome, peacefulness, luminosity and warmth.

Shirley Blumberg : : This is a wonderful project. Clear, restrained and poetically designed to enrich the broader urban context as well as the visitor’s experience of the building itself. Jack Kobayashi : : It’s as ethereal as a graduate thesis with one important difference: it’s real. It’s beautiful, haunting, gorgeous. It’s an anachronism in today’s fast-paced, over-stimulated society. It’s remarkable. Steve McFarlane : : This project imagines a poetic orchestration of a symbolic procession and is beautifully restrained in its response to a prestigious and challenging site. Skilfully represented, the scheme demonstrates a deep understanding of place-making as it transforms the challenges of topography, history, and acoustics into memorable and resonant space.

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The new entrance for Saint-Joseph’s Oratory will enhance visitor experience, public space and accessibility.

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The architectural intent is to showcase the bells: to celebrate them with an architecture that acts as both an iconic element in the landscape and an acoustic enhancement, a musical instrument in its own right. The mapping of the sound shapes the ascension, emphasizing the sensory experience and eliciting a sympathetic material response. We developed the architectural language around the following three significant elements, in continuity with the vocation of the place and with sensitivity to its insertion into Mount Royal. The sound of the carillon invites visitors inside, accompanying them through the sequence and experience of the Oratory. Inside, it unfolds into an architectural gesture in wood and natural light, guiding visitors to the Oratory through an ascent into spaces of welcome that invite strolling, discovery, shopping and refreshment.


The rift is the result of an incision into the slope of Mount Royal. Entirely made of concrete, it allows for the insertion of the carillon; it guides visitors’ indoor journey, encouraging pause and contemplation of indoor and outdoor views, accompanied by the uplifting melodies of the carillon.


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TOPOGRAPHY: The pavilions emerge from the topographic strata that become terraces and plazas. The excavated rock of Mount Royal is reconstituted as gabion faces. The stones, levitated, filter natural light, acting metaphorically like stained glass, revealing the essence of Mount Royal. CLIENT SAINT-JOSEPH’S ORATORY OF MOUNT ROYAL | STRUCTURAL CALCULATEC, ELEMA | MECHANICAL/ELECTRICAL BOUTHILLETTE PARIZEAU, BPA | CIVIL MARCHAND HOULE | LANDSCAPE VERSION PAYSAGE I LIGHTING OMBRAGE | CARILLON CONSULTANT PATRICK MACOSKA BUDGET WITHHELD | COMPLETION 2020

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EDMONTON VALLEY ZOO: ABOVE Edmonton, Alberta Marc Boutin Architectural Collaborative

The “Above Zone” forms part of the Edmonton Valley Zoo’s ambitious redevelopment of its historic Children’s Precinct. With immersive landscapes and a “child’s eye view” as points of departure, the broader plan for the precinct comprises four primary modes of spatial engagement as means of defining a new conceptual framework for the Zoo: Under, Between, On, and Above. These abstract experiential types structure the new exhibits based on how each species engages physically with that landscape and promotes play as the primary mechanism for engaging with that landscape.

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Immersive landscapes are those in which animals and humans alike are enveloped by a common habitat. This approach erases the boundaries and hierarchical divisions between animals and visitors found at conventional zoos. By engaging animals on their own terms and in their own habitats, visitors are better able to understand the high degree of interconnectivity between themselves, the animals they are viewing, and the world around them. The Above Zone utilizes a tectonic language developed through exploratory models to blur the boundaries between built and natural

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SB :: The project has a fresh and exuberant approach. It is a delightful rethinking of the experience of visiting the zoo. JK :: This design packs more “programing punch” per square metre than any other. The building is loaded with functional requirements—often incompatible, discordant and requiring separation - and manages it all in a tight, cohesive package. If this were a gymnastics competition, we would award this project a bonus for artistic interpretation combined with a high degree of difficulty. SM : : The project resolves a simple path on a really tight site with fantastic programmatic richness and a wonderfully engaging complexity of experience. It displays considerable sensitivity in the design of the diverse animal habitat, while simultaneously harnessing the raw enthusiasm of child-play to the benefit of all ages.

The tectonics and material palette of the Above Zone correspond to the natural world. RIGHT Visitors enter a zone where the boundaries between human and animal habitat dissolve. BELOW Sections of new zone show an elevated path through an immersive environment. OPPOSITE

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ABOVE Visitors traversing the bridge will have an immersive experience of walking through an animal habitat.


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environments, suspending disbelief and drawing the visitor out of the realm of the everyday. The materials selected will acquire a patina over time: the wood will become grey, while the board-form concrete will be overgrown with mosses and ivy. The project’s faceted surfaces are eroded to provide natural lighting throughout the spaces, while views of the landscape beyond are harnessed to animate its interior spaces. The building acts as a frame for its surroundings and will eventually be subsumed by its context, literally immersed within the site. Within the logic of this language, the Above Zone focuses on the experience of ascending from a grounded condition to one characterized by the dissolution of the tree canopy into light and sky. The idea of a child’s geography, where imagination takes hold and reality takes a backseat to wonder, is another fundamental concept embedded in the design. For this, Maurice Sendak’s Where the Wild Things Are. A child’s geography is an experiential or cognitive map that ref lects heightened moments of emotion within the promenade that resonate within a child’s long term memory. This mapping isn’t definitive or quantifiable; instead, the map is an accumulation of moments of engagement with habitats and animals that create a disproportionate effect on a child’s perception of the environment. In addition, parallel play opportunities will buttress the visitor’s imagination by providing moments of adrenaline, during which one can pretend to be one of the animals by mimicking similar physical acts. A child can climb in the net play and pretend to be a Gibbon, or cross the canopy walk between the aviaries and imagine life as an exotic bird or Tamarin. Over time, the project aims to realize the Edmonton Valley Zoo’s desire to encourage conservation and stewardship in future generations of Edmontonians by creating a meaningful connection between visitors, animals, and the ecologies and ecosystems that they share. CLIENT CITY OF EDMONTON/EDMONTON VALLEY ZOO | EXHIBITS LANDSCAPE LEAP DESIGN WORKS | STRUCTURAL READ JONES CHRISTOFFERSEN LTD | MECHANICAL/ELECTRICAL WILLIAMS ENGINEERING | CIVIL CIMA + | LANDSCAPE EARTHSCAPE | INTERIORS MBAC & LEAP DESIGN WORKS | AREA 3,000 F 2 (BUILDING), 8,100 F 2 (EXTERIOR EXHIBIT) | BUDGET WITHHELD COMPLETION 2020 (PROJECTED)









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CANADIAN ARCHITECT 13-10 nueva medida-2017.pdf







Photo by Florian Holzherr

CAPITOL VISTA ANKARA OFFICE TOWER (Ankara) Anmahian Winton Architects

The Art of Wood









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389 Deerhurst Drive Brampton, Ontario L6T 5K3 Tel: 416 740 0303 - Toll Free. 800 667 2776

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ABOVE Full House offers flexible multi-generational living: a five-bedroom single-family house with one-bedroom laneway dwelling can be easily reconfigured into smaller independent units as needs change.

Vancouver, British Columbia Michael Leckie Studio Architecture + Design Inc.

The project started with a simple question: How do we design a house that will last a hundred years or more, and accommodate multiple generations of family members to grow up and grow old together? Full House is a multi-generational housing typology developed for a Vancouver site. While this particular project is a contextual response to the economic, social and urban conditions of this specific place, urban centres across Canada are experiencing skyrocketing real estate prices and, consequently, a general increase in the number of adult children living with their parents. In Vancouver, the average selling price has now surpassed $1,800,000 for a detached house, $850,000 for a townhome and $650,000 for a condo unit. As a result, multi-generational living is the only viable home-ownership option for many families.  The project is conceived as a five-bedroom home with a detached one-bedroom laneway dwelling. The home is reconfigurable to operate across a variety of traditional program scenarios through the orientation of a pivot door—inspired by the famous 1927 photograph of Marcel Duchamp’s door at his studio at 11, rue Larrey in Paris. The device is a pivot-

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ing steel plate partition that can occupy three possible positions; adjusting the position of the door alters the architectural programming of the suites in the house. The life of the house is understood as existing at any point in time through three scenarios that allow flexibility, facilitated by the operation of the Duchamp Door:  S CENARIO A / Two discrete dwelling units: three-bedroom suite + twobedroom suite  SCENARIO B / Two discrete dwelling units: four-bedroom suite + onebedroom suite  SCENARIO C / One large multi-generational home: five-bedroom suite  Regardless of whether the situation is a matter of choice or financial necessity, the benefits of multi-generational living are becoming widely recognized. These include financial support, readily available childcare to provide mutual benefits for young and old, less physical and emotional

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SB : : An innovative and elegant solution to a fairly complex problem: designing housing in a way that is flexible and reconfigurable to accommodate changing needs over time. Very thoughtful and imaginative. JK :: With one swing of a door, this project resolves three different housing scenarios in one building. It’s an extremely well-considered design throughout. The design starts with a housing lot, originally intended for one household, and shares it among four. The design makes a contribution towards resolving the housing crisis occurring in most major urban areas without up-ending the equilibrium of low-density living. SM :: The jury was given several beautiful houses to consider this year, but this one stood out because its inventive morphology reaches well beyond the confines of the particular site. Clever and thoughtful spatial arrangements support an architectural slight-of-hand, addressing the nuances of collective and individual dwelling with the click of a single latch.




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10 ft


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isolation for aging grandparents, and emotional bonding and closeness across generations. These emotional, physical, and financial benefits are experienced by all family members. Adult children living at home can save money while going to school or working. Older family members can find an enriched sense of purpose and meaning by spending time with young children, and the demands of keeping up with kids–both physically and intellectually–helps grandparents stay active and feel younger. The benefits to grandchildren include learning empathy, care and respect for elders, as well as social skills through role-modeling. CLIENT WITHHELD | STRUCTURAL FAST + EPP TION SPRING 2019

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RIVER CITY 3 Toronto, Ontario Saucier + Perrotte/ZAS Architects

River City 3 is the third phase of a large residential project on the eastern edge of downtown Toronto. At its base, the design creates an open residential community that responds to the industrial nature of the area, yet incorporates and builds on the significant green infrastructure that Waterfront Toronto is bringing to this district. Born out of the fluidity of the Don River and the Richmond-Adelaide ramps, the concept of movement has had a major influence on the architectural approach of the complex. This can be seen in the dynamic formal language of the new buildings and the conceptual continuities that have been created throughout the site. These connections exist over a number of elevations, made possible by the project’s signature tectonic forms: commencing at the corner of King and River Streets, where a large opening in the building façade occurs, these conceptual continuities provide a visual link to Woonerf Street and the interior space between Blocks 22 and 24. From this interior space, a green portion of the north façade of Block 22 rises toward the landscaped roof of that block’s parking structure. Linkages are likewise created between the mini-towers to connect to Don River Park to the east. (The Woonerf Street—a living street designed for pedestrians as much as for vehicles. The term derives from the Dutch word that literally means “living yard,” a narrow roadway with no traffic signs, wide enough to accommodate cars but people-oriented.) Evoking the mineral-like characteristics of River City’s earlier phases, Phase 3 deftly addresses the issue of the larger urban environment. In formal terms, the 28-storey tower is a continuity of the angular black volumes that give shape to the entire River City complex. This final, vertical volume is composed of the elements found on the site: angular crystalline minerals of black and white. Rising to provide views toward the surrounding cityscape and these elements, the tower conceptually erodes to symbolize this dual mineral nature: a solid black object inset with white diaphanous crystals. Facing downtown Toronto to the west, the tower serves as the vertical marker of the city’s eastern edge. Surrounded by parks and public spaces, and very close to the downtown core, the entire four-phase River City project is designed for livability and maximum sustainability, with a mix of over 1,100 loft-style condominiums, family-oriented townhouses, and ground-floor retail. Spanning the area from King Street East to the new Corktown Common, it is a vital part of the revitalized West Don Lands and the city’s waterfront redevelopment that is well underway.

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SB :: It is a challenge to design an innovative condo building in Toronto. This project in an emerging neighbourhood does this extremely well, with bold composition and a distinct sense of place and context. JK : : This deserves an award because it’s important for architects to acknowledge when a condo tower is well executed and remarkable. Architects abandoned the suburbs long ago, but still decry the lack of design therein. We’re in danger of following the same path with condominium towers.



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SM : : RC3 is admirable in staking out a territory of invention in the realm of the speculative condo tower. Bold in its formal strategies, the project responds confidently to its context while exploring the tensions between the rush of the overpass, the flow of the Don River, and the glow of downtown beyond.













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5 OPPOSITE Now under construction in Toronto, River City 3 is already a landmark presence just east of downtown. Generous green space and other amenities are built into the design.

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GROW Calgary, Alberta

ABOVE GROW offers an alternative paradigm for multi-family living, with its own eco-system of neighbourhood spaces and amenities built into the design, and ramps that double as roofs.


What if we as architects looked at designing for sustainability less as the epilogue of a design conversation (inclusion of low-flush toilets, geothermal, triple-pane glazing, etc.) but as a key driver in the overall form of our built environment? In Bjarke Ingels’ 2011 TED talk, “Hedonistic Sustainability,” he states that architecture should be more than just superficial 2D facades, that we need to see architecture as both an ecology and perhaps even an economy. How could architecture serve not only its inhabitants, but also enter into a dialogue with larger ecosystems outside of itself? This question formed our departure point for designing a 20-unit multifamily building in Bankview, a hilly inner-city Calgary neighborhood with a diverse demographic and community-oriented lifestyle. We mined the potential of the banal, dissecting the design brief, by-law and building code requirements, site restrictions and budget to find hidden potential to inform our design. We discovered challenges and opportunities, such as 20 feet of elevation change from the north-west to the south-east corner of the site, restrictive setbacks and height limits, stringent landscape and amenity space requirements and a “community-centric” Area Redevelopment Plan that advocated for vibrant social spaces and “knowing your neighbour.”  We began developing massing models that explored a topographical allocation of density that addressed a number of challenges. We took advantage of the site’s steep slope by placing the parkade at grade, which pushes the rear units of the building up, resulting in a terracing effect that helps to democratize light and view for most of the units. We shift-

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ed the density between the north and south property lines to accommodate differing height restrictions, creating essentially three “bar buildings” that could be programmed with different housing types. The off-setting of these three bars results in a constructed topography clad in naturally weathered cedar and exterior green wall, informed by its place. These formal moves allowed us to provide a diversity of housing types (townhome, loft, studio and flat), increase access to light and view for each unit, and perhaps most critically, turn what could have been a panoply of mono-functional flat roofs into a polyvalent roof, which effectively becomes an “amenity-scape.” This amenity-scape, while satisfying the stringent landscape and requirements for amenity space, introduces urban horticulture in the form of private gardens, vegetative roofs and apiaries at an unprecedented scale for inner-city Calgary. It also provides a place to walk the dog or get a breath of fresh air, encouraging spontaneous interaction among the building’s inhabitants. As such, GROW is not offering a “private silo” communal living, which is typical of inner-city Calgary. Instead, it will integrate into Bankview’s community ecology, breaking down the barrier of the private and the public. CLIENT RNDSQR | STRUCTURAL WOLSEY STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING | MECHANICAL/ELECTRICAL TLJ ENGINEERING CONSULTANTS INC. | CIVIL HILCO PROJECTS INC. | LANDSCAPE MODA | LEED CONSULTANT WSP | AREA 19,450 F 2 | BUDGET WITHHELD | COMPLETION 2019

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SB : : I am very pleased to see how well this project addresses the challenges of urban intensification and housing as a social construct. A creative approach to medium density housing that will have a positive impact on the lives of people living in this community.



JK : : Many architects espouse bringing democracy into their designs. This project delivers it. SM : : GROW punches way above its weight, leveraging the latent potential of the double-loaded housing typology to create inclusive opportunities for gardening and gathering. The range of suite types holds the promise of a diverse community.


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The City of Mississauga is providing a new park and community centre as part of the overall Ninth Line Lands development between Highway 403 and 401. The project will serve this urban densification along the City’s western boundary, along a tributary of 16-mile creek, with a recreation centre and a 50-acre park. A fitness trail system around the park will connect with a series of new and existing pedestrian trails extending into the city fabric. The site will be a destination point in this system. The community centre will be a focal point within the site with lightpermeable cladding encasing a leisure and lap pool, triple gymnasium and multi-purpose rooms. For preferred solar orientation, the elemental form and the sports field face each cardinal direction. Reclaimed topsoil has been used to create a new topography on this relatively flat former agricultural field. These small rolling hills are situated at the edges of the sports fields and the central green lawn to create informal seating and destination points within the site. The building appears as a simple form within the landscape, but reveals a heavy timber structure beneath its expanded metal mesh envelope and a complex internal ceiling of forms used to control light and sound. A change room and service bar f lank the pool and gymnasium, which are fully glazed towards the amenity spaces. The change room corridors are glazed so that some of the internal workings of the community centre are visible to those arriving at the facility. The building’s overhangs provide covered connections and act as shade struc-

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tures for the adjacent playground and splash pad, as well as covered bicycle parking and a dry walking track around the building. A series of activities have been grouped together under an undulating ceiling. The gym, lobby and pool have been covered by a stretched membrane assembly shaped to reflect and absorb both sound and natural light. These inverted peaks form continuous loops over each pool, the lobby and the gym courts. They are lined with LED light fixtures highlighting the spaces within the space. Micro perforations in the membrane ceiling let sound pass through to acoustic insulation. Natural light drops into the space from a series of skylights above, reflecting off the membrane ceiling. The aim, beyond the practical function of eliminating glare and excess heat gain, is to provide more enigmatic space with this slightly subtle source of light, like a lit cavern of some sort. The gym, lobby and pool are wrapped with glulam framing, which extends outwards to form a deep overhang and is clad in expanded aluminum mesh which permits filtered light through to the building. Glazing units connect directly to the glulam columns by means of a toggle system set between the light and directly fastened to the glulam columns. The result is a robust wood structure clad in a very simple glazed curtain. CLIENT CITY OF MISSISSAUGA | STRUCTURAL BLACKWELL | MECHANICAL/ELECTRICAL/ SMITH + ANDERSEN | CIVIL EMC GROUP | LANDSCAPE MJMA | SPORTS FIELD LANDSCAPE JOHN GEORGE ASSOCIATES | LEED CONSULTANT SMITH + ANDERSEN / FOOTPRINT | AREA 75,000 F 2 | BUDGET $43M | COMPLETION JANUARY 2020

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OPPOSITE AND ABOVE Structure and landscape work together to create a public amenity and gathering space in an undulating landscape. RIGHT Assembly detail rendering and plans.









SB : : Simple and bold, this project delivers a great amenity for its community. It is very accomplished. JK :: This project uses simple, utilitarian materials like expanded metal lath to create a hardy, maintenance-free finish with delicacy and delight.



SM :: The simple plan deploys the program quite succinctly, freeing up other resources to artfully modulate daylighting and views. Simple gestures in the section create spatial variety and richness with modest means.


1 3



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Hidden behind the rolling fog and dense forests of Indian Arm Provincial Park lie the time-worn hydroelectric generating stations of Buntzen Lake. Built in 1903, Buntzen was the first hydroelectric facility in British Columbia and has supplied Vancouver with inexpensive, sustainable electricity for over a century. Today, much of this infrastructure has gone offline, leaving behind an impressive legacy of unique hydropower structures in desperate need of a new life. Buntzen’s structures have become symbols of place identity. They preserve memory, help us shape our understanding of the past and offer a site of new possibilities for future generations. While never intended for people, this remarkable network of buildings, tunnels, and turbines contain rare spaces with qualities not replicable in new construction. Electric Space proposes a phased adaptive reuse strategy that reimagines Buntzen’s decommissioned hydroelectric facilities as conduits for newly emergent, renewable energy industries and programmatic opportunities.

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ABOVE This multi-phase project imagines the adaptive reuse of a decommissioned 1903 waterfront hydroelectric facility into a visitors’ centre, research facility and viewing platform, offering a first-hand reconnection both to our industrial past and the natural environment.

SB :: I appreciate the thoughtfulness with which this project reimagines heritage Infrastructure. JK :: The retouched historic photo has an iconic character that has stuck with me. The balance of the submission exudes a high level of competency. The project proposes creative, adaptive reuse solutions against the backdrop of Vancouver’s ongoing struggle to preserve its building heritage.  SM :: This project proposes an engaging way forward for our inventory of abandoned infrastructure. It undertakes a thoughtful reading of the specific buildings and site while imagining new programs that reinvigorate their relevance to modern life. The treatment of historic elements and their relationship with new interventions explores valuable questions about how new and old can coexist.

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CATALYST responds to the Provincial Park’s lack of a formal entry and suggests transforming the powerhouse into a hybrid building that combines a park visitors’ centre with a micro algae research facility. In hybridizing these two programs, the Powerhouse Research and Visitor’s Centre serves as a catalyst for new programmatic development throughout the park, while preserving the site’s legacy of renewable energy production. PHASE 2 CONNECTION transforms the sluice gates and hydraulic tunnel into a vertical circulation network, connecting ocean and lake. Grafting onto the sluice gates, a small funicular allows visitors to travel 500 vertical feet along rusty pipes to the mouth of the hydraulic tunnel. Exiting the tram, visitors enter a dark tunnel and then, travelling along an elevated path, walk towards a light in the distance. At the end of the tunnel, visitors arrive to the abandoned surge tank: an oculus inside the mountain, open to the sky above. Once there, visitors enter a glass elevator car that ascends through the mountain’s core to the forest above. They then exit onto a bridge that frames a view back to Vancouver, the city that this facility has helped power for over a century. PHASE 3 REFLECTION repurposes the gatehouse that once controlled the intake of water into the hydraulic tunnel. Built in a lake, the gatehouse is quite often mostly submerged underwater, bearing unique weathering patterns from a century of rising and falling water. This proposal embraces wild water and suggests replacing the original floor with a floating wooden deck to embrace the lake’s seasonal transformations. Inserted in the deck are three tubs, built the same diameter and in the same location as the building’s original surge valve, which allow bathers to occupy a memory of the building’s former function. When approaching these decommissioned hydroelectric sites, my goal went beyond simply wishing to preserve what exists. By reimagining their former function and pairing the qualities of these devices with the programmatic needs of their surroundings, my belief is that adaptively reusing decommissioned hydroelectric sites dramatically enhances the experiential capacity and place specificity of surrounding parkland. In this alternate vision, there is a powerful opportunity to decipher the invisible energy of a landscape, creating a sense of place through time by connecting memory, community and nature inside these extraordinary industrial spaces. PHASE 1

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15.11.2017 – 01.04.2018

Front: Lee Balternamn, The demolition of Pruitt-Igoe, 1972, The LIFE Images Collection, Getty Images. © Lee Balternamn. Back: Peter Trulock, A student watching an Open University broadcast, 1971, Hulton Archive, Getty Images. © Peter Trulock. The CCA gratefully acknowledges The Open University for their collaboration.

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James Murray, the first editor of Canadian Architect magazine, launched the annual Awards programme in 1967 and served as its chair and third juror for the next 25 years. RIGHT One of the early Award winners: the 1973 design proposal for the Quartier NotreDame in Old Montreal, by Sankey Associates. LEFT







Stefan Novakovic

LOOKING BACK ON FIVE DECADES OF ARCHITECTURAL HOPES, TRIUMPHS AND SIGNS OF OUR TIMES In 1967, Canadian Architect’s founding editor, James Murray, was joined by architects Macy DuBois and Eberhard Zeidler to deliberate for two days on the best of Canadian design. The three men pored over a field of 232 submissions, and in choosing a handful of projects deemed to “ref lect the most advanced thinking” in the profession, launched the inaugural Canadian Architect Yearbook Awards. Among that first year’s winners were Moshe Safdie, John B. Parkin and Raymond Moriyama, whose works in no small way still shape what and how we think about architecture in Canada. Also lauded was Clifford & Lawrie’s proposed scheme for the Spadina Expressway at the Eglinton Interchange in Toronto, a project that aspired to accommodate the freeway by “harmoniously” integrating an underground pedestrian passageway below it, and proving to the jury that “we no longer have to fear the car.” (Jane Jacobs et al felt otherwise, though, and the partially constructed Expressway was cancelled in 1971.) The 1973 offering of an Award of Excellence for Sankey Associates’ urban-design scheme for Montreal’s Quartier Notre-Dame affirmed the still-dominant belief in separating urban areas into discrete sections for living, working, visiting, driving, walking, tourism, government and industry—all bordered off from each other with an artisanally hand-drawn turquoise line. In the years to come, the annual Awards became a staple for the magazine and the profession, for the first 25 years always with James Murray as jury chair and two high-calibre architects rounding things out. Emerging as a new Canadian identity coalesced in the afterglow of the Centennial, the Awards came into being amidst a Canadian architectural awakening. The Awards increasingly came to reflect the growing diversity, pluralism and overall standards of the profession and its work. Beginning in the 1970s, the juries gradually evolved from a Toronto-centric allmale group to represent more varied demographics. The name changed from the Yearbook Awards to the Awards of Excellence, signaling a new rigour and higher standard of accomplishment and innovation. Consequently, fewer Awards were bestowed—and in 1980, none whatsoever.

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In 1997, the evaluations became more nuanced by offering awards in two tiers: Excellence and Merit. Recognition of the next generation was added in 1987 with the establishment of the first Student Awards. In 1991, Ruth Cawker became the first female juror. Since 1968, the juries have lauded several hundred projects, with the full list of Awards of Excellence winners now published in the following pages. From the winners, a handful of designs have been highlighted. These projects aren’t necessarily the objective “best” of the hundreds of entries, but they are works that encapsulate the architectural and social values of their decade. The other hundreds of projects tabled in these columns tell those stories too, and taken together, chart the profession’s remarkable evolution to the present. What became of them all? Some projects, such as Craig, Zeidler & Strong’s massively ambitious Toronto Harbour City, were never built. Others, like Norman Hotson’s Granville Island redevelopment, have become national landmarks. Many more helped to push architectural thinking in quieter ways. Some winning projects have already been demolished, recognized as missteps or later recognized as tragically lost masterpieces. Others are facing the quieter erasure of being slowly forgotten, surfacing intermittently to graze the fringes of public consciousness through architectural Twitter or—ahem—a wistful magazine retrospective. All of them—whether built or not—express something about the profession, and about us. By virtue of being chosen, they are a record of our collective values. If the Canadian Architect Awards endure another half century, as we hope and expect, the upcoming decade’s list of winners will serve a similar purpose, emerging from the palimpsest of history as a record of our time. In all likelihood, not all of our choices will retroactively flatter us—and it would be shameful if they did: if the profession evolves as it has done over the past 50 years, the continued shifting of our architectural values will be a sign of progress—of risks taken and of mistakes recognized. We can hardly produce a better future if we don’t find fault with the past.

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1967-1976 1967-1968

Campbell Home, Saltspring Island

Dimakopolous Lebensold

By Craig, Zeidler, & Strong

Town Centre, Leaf Rapids, Manitoba

Spadina Expressway, Toronto | By

By Fred Thornton Hollingsworth

Two Office Buildings, Toronto

Housing Project, Ottawa | By Irving

| By Leslie J. Stechesen

Clifford & Lawrie

8th Avenue Mall for Downtown

| By Webb Zerafa Menkès


Halifax Waterfront Restoration and

Habitat Puerto Rico/Student Union,

Calgary | By Gordon Atkins

Multi Family Housing, Calgary

Metro Centre, Toronto | By John

Development | By Duffus Romans

By J.W. Long & Associates

Andrews and Webb Zerafa Menkes

Kundzins Rounsefell

Ontario Place, Toronto | By Craig,

Library Extension, University of

Grand Prairie Regional College, Alberta | By Douglas J. Cardinal

San Francisco State College | By Moshe Safdie


Penland Residence, South Delta

Riverside School, Thompson, Man.

Zeidler & Strong

Windsor, Ontario | By Bland/

By John R. Kay

By No. 10 Architectural Group

Self-help Housing, North York


MacDonald Residence addition,

Four Seasons Garden Court, Toron-

Earle Residence, West Vancouver

By Tampold & Wells

Court Housing, Toronto | By Jerome

Don Mills | By Anthony L. Kemp

to | By Jerome Markson

By McCarter, Nairne & Partners

Health Sciences Centres, McMaster


Gloucester Mews Renovation,

Bow Valley Square, Calgary | By

Toronto | By Gordon S. Adamson

Webb Zerafa Menkès

Movement in Midtown Manhattan

Undergraduate Library, University

By van Ginkel Associates

of British Columbia | By Rhone

Library, Royal Roads Canadian

& Iredale

Forces Base, Esquimalt | By Robert

Parkway Place, Toronto | By Webb

F. Harrison & Associates

Zerafa Menkes

Commercial/Residential Building,

Government Office Complex, Bel-

Gastown, Vancouver | By Henriquez

connen, Australia | By John Andrews

& Todd: Allan Parker

Summerhill Square, Toronto | By

Prototype Environmental Enclosure

Fred Ashworth, Webb Zerafa Menkès

for the High Arctic | By Marani


Bay | By Irving Grossman/Graham-

sity | By Downs/Archambault


George Brown College, Toronto

Reid Residence, South Delta, B.C.

By Fairfield DuBois/Alan R. Moody

By H.T.D. Tanner & John R. Kay

Scadding Square, Toronto | By

Cumberland Court, Toronto | By


Webb Zerafa Menkès Housden

Interpretive Centre, Kleinberg

Redevelopment Proposal, Old City

By Shore & Moffat and Partners

Hall, Toronto | By Noel Hancock

R.S. Miller Residence, Surrey, B.C.

& Don Vetere

Behavioural Sciences Building,

The form of the Research Lab in Igloolik, Nunavet by PGL Architectes is the result of two distinct forces: the unique logistical challenges of building in the harsh Canadian Arctic, and the fascination with space exploration and technologies of the era in which it was built. The outcome is an otherworldly piece of prefabricated architecture which responds to an incredibly singular natural setting. Consequently, the lab looks more like something you would find on the surface of an exoplanet rather then somewhere in Northern Canada. This project propelled Arctic architecture out of the standard one-room plywood structures that were woefully inadequate for the harsh winters of the region. Though the original research program has ended, the building is still standing and is now occupied by Inuit-led research programs.

Development Project, Thunder

Faculty Club, Simon Fraser Univer-

By H.T.D. Tanner & John R. Kay

Scientific Laboratory, Igloolik, Northwest Territories/Nunavut (1973) by Papineau/Gerin Lajoie/Le Blanc/Edweards

Rounthwaite & Dick


Tufts University, Medford, Massachu-

Townhouses, Vancouver; Tent-Ca-

setts | By John Andrews Architects

bin, Vancouver Island; Nicola Valley

Burrard Medical Building, Vancou-

Recreation Centre, Merritt | By Henry

ver | By Rhone & Iredale

Hawthorn with Robert Mansfield

Hilborn House, Preston, Ontario

Britannia Community Service Cen-

By Erickson/Massey

tre | By Downs/Archambault

Brudenell River Recreational Park,

Western Wall Plaza, Jerusalem

Prince Edward Island | By Victor Prus

By Moshe Safdie and Associates

Phase I, Fanshawe College of

School and Housing, Povungnituk;

Applied Arts & Technology, London,

Scientific Laboratory, Igloolik,

Ontario | By Craig Zeidler Strong

Northwest Territories. | By Papineau/

Flood Control Dam/Water Reser-

Gerin Lajoie/Le Blanc/Edwards

voir, Guelph | By Kilborn Engineer-

Hazelton Lanes, Toronto | By Webb

ing, Chief Architect, H.J. Scheel

Zerafa Menkès Housden

Series Housing Units, British

Lansdowne Park Development

Columbia | By H.T.D. Tanner & John

Study, Ottawa | By Murray and

R. Kay



Quartier Notre Dame, Old Montreal | By Sankey Associates

Water Intake Structure, Ajax,

Toronto Residence | By Arthur

Ontario | By Kilborn Engineering,


St. Catharines Group Health Centre

Sheridan College, Oakville, Ontario

University, Hamilton, Ontario | By

Chief Architect H.J. Scheel

| By Jerome Markson

By Marani, Rounthwaite, & Dick

Craig, Zeidler & Strong

Royal Bank Plaza, Toronto | By


Centennial Baptist Chuch, Markham

Chan Residence, West Vancouver

Webb Zerafa Menkes Housden

Laurel Point, Victoria | By Stanley

| By Raymond Moriyama

By Barry V. Downs


Porat Yoseph Yoshiva, Old City,

Kwok & Romses, Kwan & Associates

Life Sciences Building, Dalhousie

Innis College, University of Toronto

Psychology Building, University of

Jerusalem | By Moshe Safdie

MacMillan Bloedel Place, Vancou-

University, Halifax | By Dimakopoul-

By Massey & Flanders

Waterloo| | By Webb Zerafa Menkès

& Associates

ver | By Thompson, Berwick & Pratt

os, Lebensold

Kodak Complex, Phase 1, Brampton

Elementary School, Southeast Sec-

Education/Convention Centre,

Winter Wondorlando, Orlando

City Hall, St. John’s, Newfoundland

By Shore & Moffat and Partners

tor, Vancouver | By Erickson / Massey

Eagle Lake, Ontario | By Dunlop

By Dimitri Dimakopoulos

By John B. Parkin

College Montis Regii | By Affleck

Harbour City, Toronto, Ontario

Farrow Aitken

Université du Québec à Montréal

CA Dec17.indd 50

17-12-01 8:27 AM

1977-1986 Meewasin Valley Project, Saskatchewan (1979) by Raymond Moriyama

Downtown Campus | By Dimitri Dimakopoulos and Jodoin, Lamarre, Pratte Eaton Centre, Toronto | By Bregman

The Conceptual Master Plan of the South Saskatchewan River was developed by Raymond Moriyama to address the tension between human activity and the ecological context of the site. The forwardthinking project addressed what is increasingly one of the most pressing topics for architects and builders: humankind’s relationship with and impact on the larger biosystem. The Valley required planning to ensure the preservation of its unique ecosystems for present and future generations. The original plan from 1978 still stands today as the guiding document for the contemporary development of the Meewasin Valley.

& Hamann and Zeidler Partnership Sun Valley, Oshawa | By Henry Fliess Campus infill, University of Toronto By Arco Planning Consultants Halifax Forum Development Proposal | By John Preston and Joseph Bogdan Lorne Park Water Purification Plant, Mississauga | By Shore Tilbe Henschel Irwin Anglo York Housing, Erin Mills, Ontario | By the Thom Partnership


Elizabeth Chestnut Apertments, Toronto | By A.J. Diamond and Partners

1984 Japan Restaurant Centre, Toronto By A.J. Diamond and Partners Pyrch Residence, Victoria By Patkau Architects Elliot Lake Auditorium for the Arts, Ontario | By Baird/Sampson New Canadian Chancery, Washington, D.C. | By Arthur Erickson Architects Trinity Square Park, Toronto | By The Thom Partnership with Moorhead Fleming Corban McCarthy Landscaping Canada Place, Edmonton By Webb Zerafa Menkés Housden Quetico Park Visitors Centre, Atiko-

Expansion Study for Royal Botan-

kan, Ontario | By John Hix Architect

ical Gardens, Hamilton, Ontario

Alberta Research Council office

By Prack Partners

Edmonton | By Patkau Architects

Harbord Collegiate, Toronto


A & W Self-Service Prototype,


By Edward Galanyk

New Massey Hall/Massey Hall Park,

Vancouver | By Norman Hotson

Seaforth Park, Vancouver | By John


Vacation Home, Prince Edward

Toronto | By Arthur Erickson with

Columbia Funeral Home, Toronto

Perkins with Peter Wardle

Toronto Power Station: Museum

Island | By Cornell, Stinson, Mont-

Mathers & Haldenby Associates

By Rocco Maragna

Metropolitan Central YMCA, Toron-

of Hydro Electric Power, Niagara

gomery, Sisam

Office Building for a Sawmill, Van-

Sacred Heart Chapel of the Church

to | By A.J. Diamond Associates

Falls |By The Thom Partnership

Headworks, Pockwock Water

couver | By Rhone & Iredale

of Notre Dame, Montreal | By Jodoin

Concordia University Central

1861 Beach Avenue, Vancouver

System, Halifax | By John Preston

Trinity Square Development, Toron-

Lamarre Pratte & Associés

Library Montreal | By Sanky Werle-

By Richard Henriquez & Partners

and Joseph Bogdan

to | By Zeidler Partnership

Ravine Gardens, Edmonton

man Guy/ Blouin Blouin Architectes

Toronto Harbourfront Public Space

Harold Winch Park, Burnaby | By

Frankland Community Public School,

By Peter Hemingway


By Baird / Sampson with JBM Land-

Bain Burroughs Hanson Raimet

Toronto | By Brook Carruthers Shaw

CFB Ship Repair Unit, Halifax

First Avenue Townhouses, Vancou-

scape Architects

Leisure Centre, Kanata, Ontario

Vancouver Village | By R.E. Hulbert

By Joseph Bogdan & John Preston

ver | By A.A. Robins & E.H. Cavanagh

Mixed-Use Development, Vancou-

By Arthur Erickson Architects

and Partners

YMCA Recreation Centre, North

Town Hall, Ponoka, Alberta | By

ver By Paul Merrick, Chandler

Lewis Bradley Park, Thornlodge

Bank of Nova Scotia, Toronto

York | By Shore Tilbe Henschel

Barry Johns Architect


Park, Applewood Heights Park,

By Sankey Javosky Werleman Guy

Irwin Peters

Bell Canada Customer Service

Space Camp Dormitory, Huntsville,

Mississauga | By Stark Temporale

Vincent Paul Property, Toronto

Yonge Street Opportunities, Toron-

Technical Training Centre, Toronto

Alabama | By Marin Liefhebber &

Fifty-Eight Suite Condominium,

By Webb Zerafa Menkès Housden

to | By Paul Reuber

By Alex K. Lam, District R.E. Architect

Goodrum Knowles

Coquitlam | By R.E. Hulbert

Granville Island Redevelopment

College of Nurses of Ontario

Johnson & Johnson Inc., Canadian

offices, Toronto | By Parkin

Head Office, Montreal | By Cayouette

1976 False Creek Elementary School,

Plan, Vancouver | By Norman Hot-


son and Joost Bakker

A year that no submissions were


& Saia

deemed worthy of an Award.

Walkway Over Côte de la Mon-

C.N. Pavilion, Expo 86, Vancouver

tagne, Quebec City | By Gauthier

By Peter Cardew

Vancouver | By Henriquez & Todd


St. Albert Senior Citizens’ Village,

Whistler Village Urban Design Guide-


Alberta | By Peter Hemingway

lines | By John Parkin Associates

Musée National de la Civilisation,

Ronald McDonald House, Vancou-


Lasalle Metro Station, Montreal

Mixed Use Centre Study | By Roger

Quebec City | By Belzile Brassard

ver By Bellprat Associates

Kikino Elementary School, Alberta

By Gillon-Larouche

du Toit

Gallienne Lavoie / Sungur Incesulu /

Robson-Thurlow Mixed Use

Design for Pahlavi National Library,

Moshe Safdie / Desnoyers Mercure


Development, Vancouver | By Webb

Tehran | By Norman Hotson

Clement Residence, Vancouver

Choklit Park Townhouses, Vancou-

Edmonton Advanced Technology

Zerafa Menkès Housden

Central Business District, Hanover

By Downs/Archambault

ver By Derek Neale & Tomasz

Centre | By Barry Johns Architect

Minneapolis Campus Framework

By Brook, Carruthers, Shaw

Robertson Residence & Coopera-


Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto

Plan | By Roger du Toit Associates

Granville Island Public Market

tive d’Habitation de Lasalle, Ottawa

Boys’ and Girls’ House Library,

By Zeidler Roberts Partnership

St. Albert Town Centre, Alberta

By Norman Hotson

| By Shoeler & Heaton

Toronto | By Phillip H. Carter

Lytle Residence, Cobourg, Ontario

By Bittorf Holland Christianson

Renovations, Wychwood Public

The Pagebrook Building, Vancouver

Blue Quill School, Edmonton

By Ian MacDonald Architect

Northern District Yard, Toronto

Library, Toronto | By Phillip R. Carter

| By Perkins Macdonald Bellprat / John

By Patkau Architects

Sundial Square, Tsawwassen

By Howard D. Chapman

Seniors Citizens’ Activity Centre,

Perkins-Peter Wardle Partnership

Brantford Central Library, Ontario

By Cornerstone Architects

Bedford Glen Terraced Condomin-

West Vancouver | By Buttjes, Bur-

Manufacturing Facility, Renfrew,

By Mark / Musselman / Mcintyre /

Toronto Hilton Harbour Castle

iums, Toronto | By Annau Architect

gers Sammarco

Ontario | By Jim Strasman


Conference Centre, Additions and

Holly-Dunfield Mixed Housing,

South March Energy Conserving

South West Marine Estates,

Drop-in Centre, Alberta Hospital,

Alterations | By Anthony Kemp

Toronto | By Klein & Sears

Community, Ontario | By John Hix

Vancouver | By Norman Hotson

Ponoka | By Barry Johns Architect


12th Avenue Condominiums,

Les Portes de L’université, Montreal

Appleton Residence, Victoria

Vancouver | By Bing Thom

By Vecsei & Panzini Architects

By Patkau Architects

Meewasin Valley Project, Saskatch-

Queens Avenue Townhouses,

New Westminster Waterfront Mar-

Stanley Park Tropical Complex,

ewan | By Ray Moriyama

New Westminster | By Bing Thom

ket By Norman Hotson Architects

Vancouver | By Busby Bridger


CA Dec17.indd 51




Guite Roy

By Koliger Schmidt Architect/ Engineer

17-12-01 8:27 AM



1987-1996 1987

Art Gallery of Ontario, Phase Three

Scotia | By Keith L. Graham Architect


10 Stanley Terrace, Toronto

Langdon Hall, Ontario | By William

By Barton Myers and KPMB

A Hotel in Japan

Bathurst Clark Resource Library,

By Martin Kohn and John Shnier

Bennett Architect


By Jenkins & Sturgess Architects

Vaughan, Ontario | By Montgomery


Rosedale Residential Develop-

Lach Klan School Industrial Arts

Community Centre, North Toronto

and Sisam Architects

1 MacKenzie Crescent, Toronto

ment, Toronto | By William Bennett

Shop, B.C. | By Peter Cardew

By Oleson Worland Architects

Mirror Lake Visitors’ Centre, Cam-

By Ian MacDonald Architect


Elora Town Hall, Ontario | By Joe

Faculty of Music and Opera House,

New, Old Houses | By Paul Reuber



rose | By Simpson Roberts Wappel Portcullis, London, England

McGill University, Montréal | By

Moss Park, Toronto | By Paul Reuber

Municipal Government Centre,

Alexander Vacation House,

By Zeidler Roberts Partnership

René Merkès/Saucier + Perrotte,

Urban Design, Cloverdale,

Phoenix, Arizona | By Barton Myers

Caledon, Ontario | By Steven Fong

Cité-Jardin Fonteneau, Montréal


Edmonton By The River Valley Joint

Media Park, Cologne | By Zeidler


By Cardinal Hardy et Associés

Humber Bridges, Toronto and


Roberts Partnership

Jerusalem City Hall Square,

Royal Conservatory of Music

Etobicoke | By Montgomery and

Canadian Museum of Contempor-

Nielsen / White House, Halifax |

Israel | By Diamond, Schmitt with

Master Plan, Toronto | By KPMB

Sisam Architects with Delcan Cor-

ary Photography, Ottawa

By Brian MacKay-Lyons Architect

Kokler Kolker Epstein/ Meltzer Igra/


poration, Ferris + Quinn and Environ-

AGT Art and Technology Park,

mental Artworks Studio

Edmonton | By Barry Johns Architect Complex 750 Peel, Montréal | By


Provencher Roy et Associés

Robertson House Crisis Care


Seabird Island School, Agassiz (1989) by Patkau Architects The question of how to build for Indigenous communities is becoming increasingly important for contemporary designers, and John and Patricia Patkau’s Seabird Island School remains exemplary in its considered and thoughtful proposition to this challenge. The typology is a particularly important one for this and other Canadian Indigenous communities: schools provide a space to pass along cultural traditions, languages, and histories that were lost to a generation; as well, they often serve as the communities’ largest gathering spaces. With classrooms that open directly into a shared public space and forms that are evocative of both the culture and the landscape, Seabird Island School still stands today as a graceful example of architecture that empowers communities.

Centre, Toronto | By Taylor Hariri Pontarini

Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gal-

House for a Single Person, Tantra-

lery, University of British Columbia,

mar Marshes | By Peter Yeadon

Vancouver | By Peter Cardew

*Université de Montréal Faculté


de l’Aménagement, Montréal

Site des Moulins, Ile-de-la Visita-

By Saucier + Perrotte with Menkès

tion, Montréal | By Le Groupe

Shooner Dagenais

Lestage inc. / Gauthier Guité Daoust

Artist Live/Work Studio Ware-

Bay Adelaide Park, Toronto

house, Vancouver | By Acton John-

By Baird/Sampson Architects

son Ostry

Barnes House, Nanaimo

House at 4a Wychwood Park,

By Patkau Architects

Toronto | By Ian MacDonald

Biomedical Research Centre, Qué-


bec | By Pierre Thibault Architect

La Maison de la Culture de Matane,

Port Credit Lawn Bowling Club-

Matane, Québec | By Anne Carrier

house | By Stephen Teeple Architect

Holderbank Office Addition, Missis-

**Centre d’Interpretation Bourg de

sauga | By Dunlop Farrow

Pabos, Québec | By Atelier Big City


1996 Contre for Environmental Science

83A Marlborough Avenue, Toronto

& Engineering, University of Water-

By MacLennan Jaunkalns Miller

loo | By Shore Tilbe Irwin & Partners

House on the Nova Scotia Coast 9,

with Stephen Teeple and Joe Som-

Pugwash, Nova Scotia | By Brian

fay Architect


Forestry Centre, Williams Lake,

Scarborough Citadel Non-Profit

British Columbia | By Peter Cardew

Housing, Scarborough | By Gar-


wood-Jones van Nostrand Hanson

Emergency Operation & Communi-

La Coopérative d’Habitation Ville-

cation Centre, Vancouver | By Archi-

Marie, Montéal | By La Société

tectura - Waisman Dewar Grout Cart-

d’Architecture Fortin et Rousseau

er with Ross Drulis Architects

Old Massett Primary School, Haida

Terminus Mont-Royal, Montréal

By Michael E. Lundholm Architect


Bugod Figueirido Krendel

Gwaii | By Acton Ostry Architects

By LeMoyne Lapointe Magne

Kustin Residence, Los Angeles

York University Student Centre,

Stone Band School, Chilcotin

Alberta Science Centre Star The-

Ledbury Park, North York, Ontario

By Patkau Archiects

Toronto | By A.J. Diamond, Donald

Region By Peter Cardew Architects

atre, Calgary | By Chomik Crittenden

By Shim-Sutcliffe with G + G Part-

Confederation Boulevard, Ottawa


Environmental Sciences Building,

Master Plan for Faubourg Québec,


By Du Toit, Allsop, Hillier

McCord Museum Extension, Mont-

Trent University, Ontario | By Richard

Montréal | By SHDM Bureau de

Seasonal Residence at Shoal Lake,

John Street Pedestrian Bridge | By

real | By JLP et Associés/LeMoyne

Henriquez with Laszlo Nemeth

projet Faubourg Québec

Manitoba/Ontario | By Herbert Enns

Montgomery and Sisam Architects

Lapointe Magne

Massey Harris Building, Toronto

with Wyille and Ufnal Consulting

Seabird Island School, Agassiz, Brit-

By Kearns Mancini Architects


ish Columbia | By Patkau Architects

Canadian Clay and Glass Gallery,

Strawberry Vale School, Victoria


Rogers Elementary School, Victoria

Waterloo | By Patkau Architects

By Patkau Architects

*Howard House, West Pennant,

New Ottawa City Hall Design Com-

By Hughes Baldwin Architects

Centre Du Theatre D’Auhourd’hui,

Music City Canada, Toronto

Nova Scotia | By Brian MacKay-

petition | By Griffiths Rankin Cook,

Les Terraces, West Vancouver |

Montreal | By Saucier + Perrotte

By KPMB Architects


LeMoyne Lapointe Magne, Ala-Kantti

By Matsuzaki Wright Architects

Kitchener City Hall, Ontario

National Archives of Canada,


Three Residential Projects, Nova

By KPMB Architects

Gatineau | By Blouin IKOY & Associés


CA Dec17.indd 52

**Odlum Drive Live-Work Studios, Vancouver | By Peter Cardew

17-12-01 8:27 AM





The Luminous Veil, Toronto (1999) by Dereck Revington Studio The Luminous Veil project was not without controversy. When Dereck Revington won the competition to design a suicide prevention barrier for Toronto’s Prince Edward Viaduct—then North America’s second-most popular suicide destination—his proposal faced significant criticism for funding requirements for its installation and upkeep. After years of protests, consultations, design tweaks and code scripting, the project was completed in 2015, beautifully illuminated by $2.8 million worth of 35,000 LEDs spanning the 450-metre-long bridge. The final project encompasses the realms of architecture, landscape architecture, public art, urban planning and public safety—all with considerable success.


Dundas Square, Toronto

Lapointe Magne

North Bend Residence

Centre for Music, Art and Design,

Har-El Synagogue, West Vancouver

By Brown and Storey Architects

New College Residence, University

By BattersbyHowat Architects

Winnipeg | By Patkau Architects/

| By Acton Johnson Ostry Architects

Jardin de Montréal à Shanghai, China

of Toronto | By Saucier + Perrotte

New Varscona Theatre, Edmonton

LM Architectural Group

House in Malmur, Dufferin County,

By Saucier + Perrotte architectes

French RIver Provincial Park, Killar-

Ontario | By Ian MacDonald Architect

The Luminous Veil, Toronto | By


By Marc Boutin Architecte Winnipeg Centennial Library, Winni-

ney | By Baird Sampson Neuert

Rotary Park Pool, Etobicoke,

Dereck Revington Studio

Lake City Skytrain Station, Burnaby

peg | By Patkau Architects/LM Archi-


Ontario | By MacLennan Jaunkalns

Blackwood House and Studio, Port

By Architectura with Walter Francl

tectural Group

Thomas L.Wells Public School,

Miller Architects

Hope, Ontario | By Natale and Scott

*Messenger House II, Upper Kings-

Hespeler Library, Cambridge

Scarborough | By Baird Sampson

burg, Nova Scotia | By Brian

By Kongats Architects

Neuert Architects

MacKay-Lyons Architect

Vaughan Civic Center, Vaughan

The Royal Conservatory of Music



Nursing and Biomedical Sciences,

Oltremare Marine Theme Park, Italy

Phase VII Student Residence, Uni-

By KPMB Architects

Telus Centre For Performance

University of Texas, Houston | By

| By Busby + Associates Architects

versity of Toronto, Missussauga

Lac Supérieur Residence, Lac

and Learning, Toronto | By KPMB

Patkau Architects

with George Lorenzon

By Baird Sampson Neuert Architect

Superieur By Saucier + Perrotte


The Island and the Bucket, Big Tan-

Jewish Community Centre on the

Ashbridges Bay Treatment Plant


House in Grey Highlands | By Ian

cook Island, Nova Scotia | By Brian

Upper West Side, New York | By A.J.

Site Design, Toronto | By architect-

Charlesbourg Library, Quebec

Macdonald Architect Inc.


Diamond, Donald Schmitt with


By Croft Pelletier architectes

S.W.A.M.P. House | By Velikov +

Dead Centre, University of Toronto

Schumman Lichenstein Claman Efron

Pavillon J.-Armand Bombardier,

New College House Student Resi-

Thün Building Studio

Scarborough Campus, Ontario

Prospect Cemetery Mausoleum,

Université de Montréal | By Proven-

dence, Philadelphia | By Patkau

** Cistercian Abbey of Saint-Jean-

By Montgomery and Sisam

Toronto | By Baird Sampson Neuert

cher Roy/Desnoyers Mercure/Men-


de-Matha, Saint-Jean-de-Matha

Erindale Student Residence, Uni-

Tros/Keefe Residence, Calgary

kès Shooner Dagenais architectes

Bahá’í Temple for South America,

By Pierre Thibault, Architecte

versity of Toronto | By Baird Samp-

By Andrew King Studio

Santiago | By Hariri Pontarini

son Neuert with Fliess Gates

Trinity Village Care Centre, Kitchen-


McGowan Easton Architects

er | By Montgomery Sisam Architects

Unity 2, Montréal | By Atelier Big City

Architects with Holmes and Amaral



Three Garden House, Montréal

*First Nations Garden and Pavilion,

Théâtre du Vieux-Terrebonne,

Salle de Spectacle Desjardins,

By Affleck de la Riva Architects

Montreal | By Saucier + Perrotte

Vieux-Terrebonne, Quebec | By Atel-


ier T.A.G. / Jodoin Lamarre et Pratte

Dockside Lands, Victoria

Manitoba Hydro Head Office,

Cube, Quebec | By Smith Vigeant

By Busby Perkins + Will Architects

Winnipeg | By KPMB Architects/


Library Classroom Building, Lan-

Smith Carter Architects and Engin-

gara College, Vancouver | By Teeple

eers/ Prairie

Architects Inc. with Hancock Brück-

Garden Wall House, Vancouver By Peter Cardew Architects



*Jackson Triggs Winery, Niagara-

*Staehling Residence, Mayne Island,

on-the-lake | By KPMB Architects

British Columbia | By BattersbyHowat

Collège Gérald Godin, Sainte-Gene-

Modern on the Park, Toronto


viève, Québec | By Saucier +

By architectsAlliance

Vancouver Chinese Evangelical

ner Eng + Wright Architects

Perrotte with Desnoyers Mercure

Reconstruction du Théâtre Espace

Free Church, Vancouver | By Acton

Little House, West Vancouver

et associés

Libre, Montréal | By LeMoyne


By Patkau Architects

CA Dec17.indd 53

Dolbeaux-Mistassini | By Paul Laurendeau/Jodoin Lamarre Pratte

17-12-01 8:27 AM




2007-2016 Maison de la Littérature de l’Institut Canadien de Québec (2014) by Chevalier Morales Architectes Balancing heritage preservation with architectual innovation is an important part of contemporary practice. While much of our built history is vanishing, the potential to imbue older structures with new life is dramatically exemplified in Chevalier Morales’ Maison de la Littérature. The transformation of the original 1848 GothicRevival church created exhibition spaces, library, bistro and a centre for literary creation in its new annex. A sensitive dialogue between patrimonial artifact and contemporary expansion, the project recently received the 2017 Grand Prix d’excellence from the Ordre des architectes du Québec.


Church, Port Coquitlam | By Patkau

Remai Art Gallery of Saskatch-

1st Street SW Underpass Enhance-

By MacLennan Jaunkalns Miller

Peterson/Munck House,


ewan, Saskatoon | By KPMB Archi-

ment, Calgary | By Marc Boutin

with Acton Ostry Architects

tects with Smith Carter Architects

Architectural Collaborative with

Borden Park Natural Swimming

and Engineers

El Dorado

Experience | By gh3

Quadra Island | By Patkau Architects Calgary Centre for Global Com-


munity, | By Marc Boutin Architecte

Block 31, Toronto | By architectsAlli-

Fort York National Historic Site

*Children’s First Centre, Inuvik

Arthur Residence, Regina

60 Richmond Street East Housing

ance/MacLennan Jaunkalns Miller

Visitor Centre, Toronto | By Patkau

By Kobayashi + Zedda Architects

By 5468796 Architecture

Co-Op, Toronto | By Teeple Architects

Newmarket Operations Centre

Architects with Kearns Mancini

Amphitéâtre Trois-Rivières sur

House on Fox Lake, Huntsville

63_B, Toronto | By Nelson Kwong

By RDH Architects


Saint-Laurent, Trois-Rivières | By

By Williamson Chong Architects

31 A Parliament Street, Toronto

Bibliothèque Raymond-Lévesque,

SWQF, Toronto | By gh3 and R.V.

Paul Laurendeau I François R

Saint-Jérome Performance Hall

By architectsAlliance

Longueuil | By Atelier TAG with

Anderson Associates


By Atelier TAG with Jodoin Lamarre

National Mountain Centre, Canmore

Jodoin Lamarre Pratte Architects

Ryerson Student Learning Centre,

Go Roof, Union Station, Toronto

Pratte architects

By Saucier+Perrotte with Marc Boutin

Jaypee Group Corporate Office,

Toronto | By Zeidler Partnership

By Zeidler Partnership Architects

Maison de la Littérature de

New Longueuil Campus, University

Noida, India | By the Arcop Group

Architects with Snøhetta

Spa le Jude, Montreal | By Thomas

l’Institut Canadien de Québec |

Abbey Gardens, Haliburton County

Balaban Architecte

By Chevalier Morales Architectes

of Sherbrooke | By Marosi+Troy, Jodoin Lamarre Pratte with Labbé



Cottages at Fallingwater, Mill Run,

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sci-



Louis Bohème: De Bleury/De

Pennsylvania | By Patkau Architects

ences, U.B.C., Vancouver | By Sauci-

Fort McMurray International Airport

Vancouver House | By Bjarke Ingels

Maisonneuve, Montreal | By Men-

Capilano FIlm Centre, North Van-

er + Perotte with Hughes Condon

| By office of mcfarlane biggar (omb)

with DIALOG and James K.M. Cheng

kès Shooner Dagenais Letourneux

couver | By Cannon Design

Marler Two Hull House, Port Mouton

Waterdown Library and Civic

Springdale Library and Neighbour-


Bloc 10, Winnipeg

By Mackay-Lyons Sweetapple

Centre By RDH Architects

hood Park | By RDH Architects

Îlot des Palais, Quebec City | By

By 5468796 Architecture

Eglinton Go Station, Toronto

Bélanger, Beauchemin, Morency,

Women and Newborn Hospital,


Faculty of Law, University of Toronto By Hariri Pontarini with B + H

By RDH Architects

Architectes / Anne Vallières, Archi-

Winnipeg | By Smith Carter Archi-

Centre Culturel de Notre-Dame-de-

tecte and Gianpiero Moretti

tects and Engineers with Parkin

Grâce, Montreal | By Atelier Big City,

Branksome Hall Athletics & Well-

Project | By KANVA and NEUF


Fichten Soiferman et Associés, L’oeuf

ness Centre | By MacLennan

Munini District Hospital, Rwanda

U, Montreal | By Atelier Big City

UBC Geological Field School, Oliver

Jaunkalns Miller Architects

By MASS Design Group

Bridgepoint Health, Toronto

Brian C. Nevin Welcome Center,

By BattersbyHowat

Casey House, Toronto

By Stantec Architecture with KPMB

Cornell Plantations, Cornell Univer-

2015 Pan Am/Parapan American

By Hariri Pontarini Architects


and Diamond Schmitt Architects

sity, Ithaca | By Baird Sampson

Games Athlete’s Village, Toronto

Fifth Pavilion, Montreal Museum

Infillhaus, Edmonton | By Barry

First Leaside Securities Head


By ArchitectsAlliance and KPMB with

of Fine Arts | By Manon Asselin with

Johns Architecture

Daoust Lestage and Maclennan

Jodoin Lamarre Pratte Architects


Office, Uxbridge | By RDH Architects

By Williamson Chong Architects

Biodome Museum Renewal

Hadaway House, Whistler


By Patkau Architects

West Coast Middle School, Anmore

*House in four fields, La Conception


Our Lady of the Assumption Parish

| By B+H Bunting Coady Architects

By L’Oeuf

U.B.C. Aquatic Centre, Vancouver

CA Dec17.indd 54

Jaunkalns Miller


North East Transit Garage, Edmon-

ton |PLANT By gh3 with Morrison Hershfield Elää and Imago (separate awards) | By KANVA

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Precast Concrete Resilient enclosure walls outperform other “rainscreen” walls in:

· Exceptional rain penetration control · Air tightness · Meeting and exceeding thermal · · ·

performance requirements Low building maintenance Faster sequence of construction Durability & long life

Simons Vancouver Park Royal Store Vancouver, British Columbia By LEMAYMICHAUD Architecture Design



Visit to download your free copies of the Meeting and Exceeding Building Code Thermal Performance Requirements and High Performing Precast Concrete Building Enclosures – Rain Control Technical Guides Authored by: John Straube, Ph.D., P. Eng., RDH Building Science Corporation

TF: 877.937.2724 Member

For more information on CPCI Certification, please visit:

QAC .ca






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PRODUCT SHOWCASE Dekton by Cosentino Dekton is an innovative ultracompact surfacing material. Used for both interior and exterior architectural projects, from countertops and flooring, to wall cladding and facades. It is highly stain and graffiti resistant, and has the highest scratch and heat resistance of all surfaces available on the market.

Redefining Building Performance Metl-Span® insulated metal panels (IMPs) are redefining performance measures with their superior thermal and vapor control layers, optimally configured to provide weathertight resistance to air and moisture infiltration. A blend of high quality, durable and energy-efficient solutions, Metl-Span IMPs offer an exciting combination of thermal resistance and aesthetic appeal. For more information, please call 877.585.9969 or visit

A 360° use ceramic tile collection

Energy Efficient Roof Hatches

Completing an entire project using only one tile collection is now possible with TREND.

BILCO’s energy efficient roof hatches feature R-20+ insulation and a thermally broken design that minimizes heat transfer between interior and exterior surfaces. The result is a product that resists harmful condensation ad provides superior energy efficiency. Thermally broken roof hatches are available in all standard single leaf sizes and special sizes can also be specified.

This new tile collection gives you options to create spaces with different personalities in both residential and commercial projects. Different formats and monochromatic hues have been created to complement each other so you always have a balanced design. Find out more at:

For more information visit,

Need Durability? Get Ceramitex!

Introducing IKO 2-IN-1 Insulated WRB System.

The Ceramitex Façade System features a sintered ceramic panel that simply outperforms conventional surfaces in aesthetics, design and function. The system is North American code compliant and available in large format panels that are lightweight yet durable enough to defy graffiti and the test of time.

When IKO Enerfoil® or Ener-Air™ polyisocyanurate insulation sheathing boards are used with IKO AquaBarrier™ Tapes, this innovative 2-in-1 system eliminates the need for a separate membrane system to control air and vapour.

Precast Concrete Builds on… Unlimited Aesthetics Artistic elements in building design are a must to attract tenants today. Architectural Precast Concrete (APC) in any colour, form, or texture can create iconic designs, and can be veneered with other materials. APC creates a diverse look with all the benefits of a precast concrete resilient paneling system.

Simons Vancouver Park Royal Store Vancouver, British Columbia By LEMAYMICHAUD Architecture Design

CA Dec17.indd 56

Contact an IKO Representative, call 1-855-IKO-ROOF (1-855-456-7663) or visit IKO.COM/COMM.

The Belden Brick Company offers more options than any other brick manufacturer in the world. Belden Brick is the industry leader in delivering the largest selection of more than 500 colors, 20 sizes, 13 textures and unlimited shapes. Belden will meet all your product needs with time-honored quality and experience.

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canadian architect 12/17

Product Showcase

Wind Snow Exhaust Odour Particulate MOECC Approvals (519) 787-2910

Solarban® 90 high-performance solar control low-e glass

Find your comfort zone. On so many levels. For more information call 1-855-VTRO-GLS or visit

Solarban 90® glass by Vitro Architectural Glass (formerly PPG Glass) offers exceptional solar control and a neutral appearance similar to clear glass from both the interior and exterior of a building. In a 1-inch IGU, it achieves a SHGC of 0.23, VLT of 51% and an LSG of 2.17. Automation for Window Coverings Somfy is the leading global manufacturer of strong, quiet motors with electronic and app controls for interior and exterior window coverings. During the past 40+ years, Somfy has designed products for both the commercial and residential markets.

To learn more and request samples, visit:

THE ELEGANCE OF NATURAL WOOD At Prodema, we specialize in creating natural wood products of the highest quality for the world of architecture and design. Following years of research and development, we are proud to offer a unique, innovative and high-tech product with no need for the regular maintenance usually required by other wood exteriors.

Flynn Group of Companies Total Building Envelope We are renowned for the expertise and care we bring to each project. When the building envelope concept calls for size, complexity, or an uncompromised aesthetic, North America’s top architects count on Flynn. Flynn is North America’s leading building envelope contractor, with 29 offices across Canada and the United States.

CA Dec17.indd 57

Walls that block. Make any space quieter with SilentFX® QuickCut drywall.  SilentFX®QuickCut drywall is engineered to block sound, no matter what tries to get through. Our 5/8” boards have a 50+ STC rating and reduce sound transmission between rooms by up to 90%. Learn more at:

MAPEI brings Below-Grade Waterproofing Systems to Canada The product families include Mapeproof™ sodium bentonite geotextile waterproofing membranes and Mapethene™ self-adhering, rubberized-asphalt sheet waterproofing membranes. Supporting these products is a complete line of detailing and accessories, including: Mapedrain™ three-dimensional drainage composites, and Mapebond™ contact adhesives. For more information, visit:

2017-12-04 11:32 AM




REMEMBRANCE OF JURIES PAST TO THE ILLUSTRIOUS JURORS FROM OUR FIRST AWARDS TO THE PRESENT : THANK YOU FOR 50 YEARS OF INSIGHTS. 1985 Alf Roberts—Toronto Norm Hotson—Vancouver 1986 Gordon Atkins— Calgary George Baird—Toronto 1987 Jack Diamond—Toronto Barry Johns— Edmonton 1988 Richard Henriquez—Vancouver Edward Jones—Toronto 1989 Macy DuBois—Toronto Larry Richards— Waterloo

Barton Myers and Fred Lebensold

1997 Ray Cole—Vancouver Brian MacKay-Lyons— Halifax Tim Scott—Toronto 1998 Peter Busby—Vancouver Howard Davies— Montreal Brigitte Shim—Toronto 1999 Bill Chomik— Calgary Barry Sampson—Toronto Pierre Thibault— Quebec 2000 Merrill Elam— Atlanta Bruce Kuwabara—Toronto John Patkau—Vancouver

1990 Dan Hanganu— Montreal Michael Kirkland—Toronto

1968 Eb Zeidler—Toronto Macy DuBois—Toronto

1978 Robert Anderson— Ottawa Trevor Garwood-Jones— Hamilton

1991 Peter Cardew—Vancouver Ruth Cawker—Toronto

1969 Victor Prus— Montreal Jerome Markson—Toronto

1979 Randle Iredale—Vancouver Blake Miller—Toronto

1992 Odile Hénault— Montreal Donald Schmitt—Toronto

Ray Moriyama and Ray Affleck

1993 George Baird—Toronto Jeremy Sturgess— Calgary

2001 Adam Caruso—London Beth Kapusta—Toronto Mario Saia— Montreal

1971 Peter Webb—Toronto Ron Thom—Toronto

1994 Herbert Enns— Winnipeg Peter Pran— New York Kim Storey—Toronto

2002 Arthur Erickson—Vancouver Thomas Fisher— Minneapolis Ian MacDonald—Toronto

1995 Brian Carter— Ann Arbor Peter Smith—Toronto James Timberlake— Philadelphia

2003 Marc Boutin— Calgary Janet Rosenberg—Toronto Roger Sherman— Santa Monica

1996 Francine Houben—Delft, Netherlands Donald MacKay—Toronto Gilles Saucier— Montreal

2004 John Shnier—Toronto Tom Monteyne— Winnipeg Adam Yarinsky— New York

Eb Zeidler

1973 Dimitri Dimakopoulos— Montreal John Parkin—Toronto

1980 Peter Hemingway— Edmonton Jim Strasman—Toronto

1974 Jack Klein—Toronto Clifford Wiens— Regina

1981 Boris Zerafa—Toronto Jean-Louis Lalonde— Montreal

1975 Fred Lebensold— Montreal Barton Myers—Toronto

1982 Bruno Freschi—Vancouver Ned Baldwin—Toronto

1976 Gustavo Da Roza— Winnipeg Ian Maclennan —Ottawa

1983 Peter Rose— Montreal Eb Zeidler—Toronto

1977 Roger du Toit—Toronto Barry Downs—Vancouver

1984 Roger Kemble—Vancouver Jerome Markson—Toronto

CA Dec17.indd 58

Peter Cardew and Ruth Cawker

2008 Siamak Hariri—Toronto Christine Macy— Halifax Bing Thom—Vancouver 2009 Gregory Henriquez—Vancouver Jean-Pierre Letourneux— Quebec Paul Raff—Toronto 2010 Andrew King—Toronto/Montreal James Cheng—Vancouver Janna Levitt—Toronto 2011 Walter Francl—Vancouver Diarmuid Nash—Toronto Peter Sampson— Winnipeg 2012 Marie-Chantal Croft— Quebec Bruce Haden—Vancouver Donald Chong—Toronto

1970 Douglas Rowland—Toronto Douglas Shadbolt— Ottawa

1972 Ray Affleck— Montreal Ray Moriyama—Toronto

Renée Daoust— Montreal Mark Ostry—Vancouver

2005 Robert Ouellette—Toronto Claude Provencher— Montreal Michael Taylor—Toronto 2006 Deborah Berke— New York Talbot Sweetapple— Halifax Stephen Teeple—Toronto 2007 Jonathan Kearns—Toronto

2013 Marianne McKenna—Toronto Karen Marler—Vancouver Marc Simmons— New York 2014 Michael Green—Vancouver Tyler Sharp—Toronto Éric Gauthier— Montreal

John C. Parkin and Dimitri Dimakopoulos 2015 Pat Hanson—Toronto Johanna Hurme— Winnipeg Maxime Frappier— Montreal 2016 Manon Asselin— Montreal Patricia Patkau—Vancouver David Sisam—Toronto 2017 Shirley Blumberg—Toronto Jack Kobayashi— Whitehorse Steve McFarlane—Vancouver

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Experience. Innovation.

Natural Ventilation

Colt Natural Ventilation products offer sustainable solutions for automated climate control and passive smoke ventilation. Brought from Europe to North America by BILCO, Colt jalousie-style window, skylight, and casement window ventilators let you control indoor conditions through the time-tested principles of stack, cross and single-sided ventilation. Colt Natural Ventilation Products: • Offer unique design possibilities • Connect seamlessly to building management or fire protection systems • Lower building construction and operating costs • Satisfy ASHRAE, IBC and NFPA requirements and standards • Enhance or replace traditional mechanical systems • Reduce your buildings’ environmental impact • Provide occupants a healthier, more productive environment

Design with nature, not against it. 800.366.6530 WWW.BILCO-COLT.COM

CA Dec17.indd 59

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Improve building façades Improve building façades with intelligent window treatments. Somfy offers a wide range of intelligent motors and controls that utilize natural light in your building. Our systems are calibrated to maximize occupant comfort while enhancing the visual environment, minimize solar glare and heat gain, and provide UV protection. Systems are scalable in design and perfect for projects of any size or budget with support from specification through commissioning.

Visit us at


CA Dec17.indd 60

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Profile for IQ Business Media

Canadian Architect December 2017  

Canada’s national news magazine for building industry professionals with focus on real estate development and architecture including residen...

Canadian Architect December 2017  

Canada’s national news magazine for building industry professionals with focus on real estate development and architecture including residen...