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CENTRO DOCUMENTALE - ISTITUTO AGRONOMICO MEDITERRANEO DI BARI News pag. 1 - 3

Sommario

Recensioni “Organic Agriculture” pag. 4 - 6 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Environment and Natural Resources Management” pag. 7 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Fisheries and Aquaculture” pag. 7 - 10 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Animal production and health” pag. 11 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Food and nutrition” pag. 11 - 12 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Land and water development” pag. 12 - 13 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Biotechnology” pag. 13 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Agriculture” pag. 13 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Forestry” pag. 14 Recensioni “FAO Repository Library Plant Production and protection” pag. 15

Responsabile: Luigi Sisto A cura di: Giuseppe Inchingolo Wanda Occhialini Silvana Carelli Progetto grafico ed impaginazione: Fabio La Notte

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Con oltre 2500 volumi, quella di Albena Resort è la prima biblioteca sulla spiaggia in Europa, la terza nel mondo Una biblioteca sulla spiaggia, a cui poter fare visita dopo un bagno rinfrescante è il sogno di tutti i booklovers. Ora questo sogno è diventato realtà. Ad Albena Resort, in Bulgaria, ha aperto la prima biblioteca sulla spiaggia in Europa e la terza nel mondo. Situata vicino al celebre hotel Kaliopa, conta oltre 2500 volumi disponibili in oltre dieci lingue. PROMUOVERE LA LETTURA ANCHE IN VACANZA - La biblioteca allestita sulla spiaggia dell'Albena Resort è completamente gratuita ed accessibile a tutti. La proposta è eterogenea, e spazia dai classici ai thriller, dai romanzi romantici ai saggi. Specialmente ai turisti stranieri è rivolta la collezione di storie scritte da J o r d a n Yo v k o v intitolata “Albena” e disponibile in sei lingue diverse. La struttura della biblioteca è lunga oltre 12 metri e conta 140 scaffali in grado di contenere oltre 4000 libri. “Per la prima volta abbiamo una biblioteca sulla spiaggia il cui obiettivo è quello di promuovere la lettura ed intrattenere i turisti, aiutandoli a trovare il libro della loro vita” ha affermato Victoria Biserova, ideatrice del progetto e consulente di “Albena” PLC.

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N° 2 - 2014 - marzo/aprile

S C E LTA E T E R O G E N E A P E R ACCONTENTARE TUTTI I GUSTI - “Gli scaffali della biblioteca sono costruiti con materiali resistenti al vento forte e al sole battente. In caso di pioggia i libri vengono coperti con appositi supporti di modo che non corrano il rischio di rovinarsi” ha specificato Herman Kompernas, Project Manager presso "Albena" PLC. Ciascuno scaffale è contrassegnato da una bandiera nazionale che serve ad indicare la lingua in cui sono scritti i libri. I turisti possono prendere in prestito i libri senza dover essere in possesso di alcuna tes s er a. S e n o n riescono a terminare la lettura durante la vacanza possono tenere il libro e metterne sullo scaffale della biblioteca uno nuovo, di modo che l'offerta sia sempre varia. UN PROGETTO IN CONTINUA ESPANSIONE - “Oggi, nell'era della tecnologia e della continua connessione noi siamo tornati alle tradizioni, aggiungendo un tocco di innovazione alla nostra già bella spiaggia. Si tratta di un'occasione non solo per prendere il sole e la brezza marina, ma anche di gustarsi un buon libro. L'idea è quella di

sviluppare questo progetto insieme ai nostri ospiti. Attraverso i libri donati abbiamo in


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CENTRO DOCUMENTALE - ISTITUTO AGRONOMICO MEDITERRANEO DI BARI

previsione per il prossimo anno di riuscire ad aggiungere altri due o tre moduli, così da permettere agli ospiti degli alberghi appartenenti al complesso di poter usufruire della biblioteca.” Sono queste le parole di Margita Todorova, Direttore Marketing e Vendite di “Albena” PLC.

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Adesione alla campagna “The right to e-read” Il comitato esecutivo nazionale dell'AIB ha deciso di aderire alla campagna internazionale di EBLIDA “The right to er e a d ” (http://www.eblida.org/a bout-eblida/the-right-toread-task-force-on-ebooks.html). L'annuncio è stato dato in occasione dell'Assemblea generale degli associati tenuta a Roma il 29 novembre scorso, durante il 58° Congresso nazionale dell'Associazione. La campagna, avviata ufficialmente durante il congresso IFLA di Singapore, ma già presentata in anteprima durante la conferenza annuale di Eblida che si è tenuta a Milano il 15 maggio, mira a sollecitare un adeguamento della normativa comunitaria tale da garantire alle biblioteche l'acquisizione e il prestito degli ebook con le stesse modalità e condizioni già previste per i libri cartacei grazie ad apposite eccezioni e limitazioni al diritto d'autore contenute nelle direttive europee in vigore e variamente recepite nelle legislazioni nazionali. Eblida ha preparato sul tema degli ebook in biblioteca due importanti documenti di riferimento: il primo, EBLIDA

Key Principles on the acquisition of and access to Ebooks by libraries (2012), fissa alcuni principi irrinunciabili che dovrebbero sempre essere tenuti in considerazione per la stipula di accordi e la sottoscrizione di licenze d'uso per l'accesso a contenuti digitali in formato ebook; il secondo, The right to e-read – An e-book policy for libraries in Europe (2013), enuncia i fondamenti e gli obiettivi della campagna internazionale e sposta l'attenzione sulla necessità di modificare la normativa comunitaria in senso più favorevole alle biblioteche. L'Associazione Italiana Biblioteche 'avvierà nel 2014 unazione informativa e di sensibilizzazione rivolta ai membri del Governo e del Parlamento, per creare le condizioni affinché le biblioteche possano esercitare la loro funzione di servizio pubblico anche attraverso un'offerta di contenuti digitali libera da vincoli irragionevoli, e per sollecitare una presa di posizione del Governo italiano nei confronti della Commissione europea a favore di una modifica della normativa comunitaria sul diritto d'autore in senso più favorevole

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alle biblioteche.

EU rejects international solution to library and archive copyright problems; causes collapse of WIPO meeting Discussions by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Standing Committee on Copyright & Related Rights (SCCR) broke down in the early hours of Saturday morning 3 May, after the European Union (EU) attempted to block future discussion of copyright laws to aid libraries and archives fulfill their missions in the digital environment. Library and archive delegations from Europe, Latin America, Africa, Australia, the United States, Canada and the UK attended the 27th meeting of the SCCR from 28 April – 2 May 2014, to push for an international treaty to help libraries and archives preserve cultural heritage, facilitate access to essential information by people wherever they are in the world. The meeting ended in disarray at 1:30am on Saturday morning, after the EU tried to have crucial references to “text-based” work on copyright exceptions removed from the meeting conclusions - a move viewed by other Member States and library and archive NGOs present as an attempt to delay, if not derail, any progress on copyright exceptions at WIPO. Library and archive organisations who were present at the 27th meeting of the SCCR have since put on a joint press release (attached) expressing their frustration and disappointment with the EU, and rallying European libraries and archives to reach out to their policy makers to ask the EU to take a more nuanced approach to the discussions. The EU's attempt to sideline discussion of copyright exceptions for libraries and archives, and on education, at WIPO is particularly concerning in light of the ongoing consultation on copyright laws at the EU level. IFLA put in a response to the EU Copyright Consultation which focused on challenges for libraries providing access to their collections across country borders, to foster international research, scholarly collaboration and cultural preservation. A number of countries spoke up in strong support of copyright exceptions for libraries and archives during the meeting, and stood firmly against the EU during conclusions, including Brazil, India, Uruguay, the African Group, the Group of Latin American and Caribbean Countries (GRULAC) and Iran. Prior to the collapse of the Committee, libraries and archives took part in a productive week of discussions, both on broadcasting and on copyright exceptions. The Chairman of the SCCR, Mr. Martin Moscoso (Peru) invited libraries and archives present to add their views to discussions on topics including licensing, parallel importation, cross border activities, limits on liability for libraries, orphan works and technological protection


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IFLA engages in NETmundial discussions on behalf of libraries and their users NETmundial outcomes: set of principles for Internet governance and a roadmap for their implementation The NETmundial meeting closed on April 24 t h with an outcome document adopted by acclaim by participants from 97 countries. The Multistakeholder Statement of Sao Paulo outlines a set of principles for Internet governance and a supplies a roadmap for their implementation. The second day of the conference focused on additional suggestions for the outcome document, before a drafting committee moved to finalise the text. The document presented at 8pm local time contained references to many of the most controversial issues in Internet governance today, including net neutrality, intermediary liability, and unlawful surveillance. However, many civil society groups felt that these topics were not properly addressed and that an opportunity to take a stronger position on the Snowden revelations was missed at NETmundial. From a library perspective, language on these issues that ensured improved protections for users would have been a better outcome. Yet it was possible to feel positive about other parts of the document, and elements of the

consultation process that produced. In particular, libraries should note the strong clause on the importance of public access to the Internet, a positive result for libraries who provide Internet access in the community. See: IFLA's Intervention at NETmundial [PDF] It is expected that the NETmundial findings and outcomes will feed into other processes and forums, such as the post 2015 development agenda process, WSIS+10, IGF, and all Internet governance discussions held in different organizations and bodies at all levels. IFLA will continue to engage in these discussions on behalf of libraries and their users.

Unesco Ten years ago, the representatives of the peoples of the world, assembled in Geneva in 2003 and in Tunis in 2005 for the first and second phases of the World Summit on the Information Society adopted a common vision of the Information Society, identified its key principles and outlined the main challenges towards an Information Society for All based on shared Knowledge. The decade since WSIS has seen very considerable progress towards the people-centred, inclusive and development-oriented Information Society. The multistakeholder approach and implementation at the international level proved to be a considerable asset in taking forward the WSIS themes and Action Lines. Still, major challenges lay ahead for counteracting the wide disparities in development and enabling entire groups and countries to benefit from universal access to information and knowledge.

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measures. Interventions by organisations can be read here. These interventions were well received by Member States, with several commenting on the usefulness of examples and case studies of challenges being faced by organisations due to copyright laws to contribute to their understanding. You can read IFLA's interventions at SCCR 27 here. In the joint media release, IFLA Deputy Secretary General Stuart Hamilton spoke of IFLA's serious disappointment in the EU's stance at WIPO: “For the past three years, Member States have been looking at draft texts on copyright exceptions for libraries and archives. The EU is now trying to pretend these don't exist. We're frustrated, and deeply disappointed. It appears the EU came to WIPO with one goal in mind: to kill the discussion.” The next meeting of the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) takes place from June 30 – July 4. In the absence of conclusions from SCCR 27, following the break down of discussions, SCCR 28 promises to be consumed with discussions of the SCCR's future workplan with the Committee set to make general recommendations to the WIPO General Assembly in September 2014.

N° 2 - 2014 - marzo/aprile


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Organic Agriculture

CENTRO DOCUMENTALE - ISTITUTO AGRONOMICO MEDITERRANEO DI BARI

The world of organic agriculture : statistics and emerging trends 2014 / edited by Helga Willer, Julia Lernoud ; supported by : International Trade Centre ; Swiss Confederation ; BioFach. - Bonn : IFOAM & FiBL, 2014. - 304 p. ; 24 cm. The 15th edition of The World of Organic Agriculture documents recent developments in global organic agriculture. It includes contributions from representatives of the organic sector from throughout the world and provides comprehensive organic farming statistics that cover surface area under organic management, specific information about land use in organic systems, numbers of farms and other operator types as well as selected market data. The book also contains information on the global market for organic food, the latest developments in organic certification, information on standards and regulations as well as insights into current and emerging trends for organic agriculture in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America, North America and Oceania.

Organic in Europe : prospects and developments / edited by Stephen Meredith and Helga Willer. - Brussels : IFOAM, 2014. - 207 p. ; 24 cm. ((Sulla cop.: IFOAM EU Group, FiBL, CIHEAM-IAMB. This publication provides an overview of developments and future prospects from the perspective of public policy support and market growth. EU agricultural and food policies continue to have a significant impact on the development of organic farming not only in the EU-28, but also across Europe influencing market trends in EU Candidate and Potential candidate countries as well as countries within the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). Divided into three sections the publication firstly assesses the latest developments in EU organic food and farming policy, secondly it considers case studies of organic farming policy in action both in the EU and other European countries and finally it provides a detailed overview of organic farming and market development in Europe from the latest market trends to detailed reports of the sector in different countries.

Tutto bio 2014 : l'annuario del biologico / a cura di Achille Mingozzi, Rosa Maria Bertino. Forlì : Egaf Edizioni, c2014. - 360 p. : ill. ; 80 schede illustrate di alimenti, prodotti per l'infanzia, cosmesi e detergenza ; 24 cm. ((Tema dell'anno: Io? Lavoro nel bio. Il Rapporto rielabora i dati raccolti in vent'anni di censimenti, traccia l'andamento degli ultimi dieci anni, analizza i dati 2013 indicando i dati caratteristici di ogni tipologia di operatore, le tre regioni leader per numero assoluto e le prime tre con il maggior numero di operatori per ogni milione di abitanti. Al centro del Rapporto Bio Bank 2014 le consuete otto tipologie di operatori: aziende con vendita diretta, gruppi d'acquisto, e-commerce, ristoranti, agriturismi, mense scolastiche, mercatini e negozi. Particolare attenzione alle venti storie di giovani per raccontare il tema dell'anno: Io? Lavoro nel bio. Venti esperienze coraggiose, innovative, emblematiche, per rappresentare il multiforme mondo del biologico e le migliaia e migliaia di giovani che ci lavorano, che hanno avuto il coraggio di scegliere e la capacità di innovare.

Atlante dei territori del vino italiano. - Siena : Enoteca italiana ; Ospedaletto, Pisa : Pacini, 2013. - 2 volumi ; 32 cm. (( In testa al frontespizio: Ministero delle politiche agricole alimentari e forestali; EI, Esercito; Istituto geografico militare. In custodia )) Vol. 1. - Siena : Enoteca italiana ; Ospedaletto, Pisa : Pacini, 2013. - 383 p. : ill. ; 32 cm Vol. 2. - Siena : Enoteca italiana ; Ospedaletto, Pisa : Pacini, 2013. - 389-862 p. : ill. ; 32 cm L'Atlante, edito da Pacini Editore insieme all'Enoteca Italiana di Siena, con il Ministero delle Politiche Agricole Alimentari e Forestali e l'Istituto Geografico Militare, fornisce uno strumento agile e comprensibile per conoscere la realtà vitivinicola italiana utilizzando come criterio guida i più significativi elementi alla base di un terroir e realizzando una nuova, originale unità di lettura del territorio vitivinicolo italiano: le macroaree. L'opera, in due volumi racchiusi in un cofanetto robusto ed elegante, è organizzato in 20 capitoli regionali ed è corredato da carte (regionali, prospettiche, delle macroaree), oltre trecento immagini e venti schede pedologiche.

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La potatura è un'operazione fondamentale nella gestione dell'oliveta e può incidere in modo rilevante sull'entrata in produzione, sulla produttività e sui costi della coltura. La coltivazione moderna, mirata al conseguimento di elevate produzioni di alta qualità al costo più basso possibile ed ad una gestione compatibile con l'ambiente e sostenibile nel tempo, deve ottimizzare le risorse durante il ciclo produttivo dell'olivete. L'obiettivo di questo libro rimane di riassumere in modo organico le informazioni più aggiornate possibile sulle tecniche di potatura e sulle forme di allevamento consigliabili per l'olivo. Le nuove parti riguardano principalmente la gestione della chioma negli oliveti ad altissima densità, il recupero e l'utilizzazione del materiale di potatura, gli attrezzi per la potatura e le problematiche inerenti la ricostituzione della chioma, con due nuovi paragrafi sugli interventi necessari per ridurre l'altezza degli alberi e la potatura di riforma dal monocono al vaso. Arboricoltura generale / Silviero Sansavini, Guglielmo Costa, Riccardo Gucci, Paolo Inglese, Angelo Ramina, Cristos Xiloyannis. - Bologna : Pàtron Editore, 2012. - 532 p. : ill. ; 27 cm. Questo volume di Arboricoltura Generale è rivolto prevalentemente agli studenti che seguono i corsi di laurea universitari nel settore dell'arboricoltura da frutto (inclusi vite, agrumi ed olivo) e contiene numerosi riferimenti ed esempi riguardanti gli alberi ornamentali, forestali e di ambiente urbano L'opera è diretta principalmente alle lauree triennali di 1° livello; ma il contenuto programmatico è arricchito da specifici approfondimenti sia nel testo che sotto forma di “quadri”, che sono di fatto delle anticipazioni utilizzabili anche per le successive lauree magistrali di 2° livello o per i corsi di Master. L'ampiezza della trattazione e la multidirezionalità degli argomenti obbligheranno il docente della disciplina a indirizzare lo studente verso un approccio didattico personale, necessariamente legato al solo programma oggettivamente svolto. L'arboricoltura generale, infatti, viene sviluppata ormai, in forza dei numerosi corsi esistenti nelle varie università, con ampiezza e finalità alquanto differenziate, caso per caso. Scopo di quest'opera non è solo quello di spiegare ad un tempo i meccanismi e la comprensione dei vari fenomeni che contraddistinguono i processi di crescita, sviluppo, fruttificazione, propagazione delle piante arboree, ma anche quello di dare un'aggiornata e articolata illustrazione delle tecniche operative di governo e gestione dell'albero e del suolo, nel corso della vita economico-produttiva degli impianti arborei. È stato, dunque, impostato un lavoro collegiale, rispettando la specifica competenza degli oltre 44 autori, pur avendo ben presente il rischio di eterogeneità di stili e di trattazione degli argomenti svolti, nonostante il lungo lavoro preparatorio e il clima collaborativo instaurato fra i numerosi autori. Il contenuto dei sedici capitoli è stato suddiviso in due parti, la prima, quella propedeutica generale, che tratta delle basi teoriche e concettuali dell'arboricoltura e la seconda, applicativa, dove lo studente si troverà a suo agio nella lettura della disamina e illustrazione delle operazioni tecniche, gestionali, agronomiche fra loro interdipendenti inerenti gli impianti arborei, di cui viene offerta ampia descrizione di come vanno eseguite. Il perché è spiegato prima, nella parte generale. Si va dalla progettazione dell'arboreto all'utilizzo di tutte le più avanzate tecnologie agronomiche e di campo, inclusa l'introduzione di strumenti e servizi di rete disponibili nelle varie zone di coltivazione. L'opera si conclude con un ampio capitolo dedicato alla multifunzionalità dell'arboricoltura, che prelude appunto alle tematiche dell'arboricoltura speciale e che affronta le nuove possibili sfide che, grazie agli alberi, gli agro-ecosistemi e la nostra società sono chiamati urgentemente ad affrontare e cioè gli alberi non più visti solo come fabbrica agroalimentare qual è la produzione di frutti, ma anche per gli utilizzi alternativi, non alimentari. La biodiversità delle colture pugliesi / a cura di Luigi Trotta. - Roma : INEA, 2013. - 135 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. L'impatto dell'azione umana sull'ambiente non è sempre stato negativo. Fin dalle prime forme di agricoltura l'uomo ha operato un 'disturbo controllato' negli ecosistemi naturali, scegliendo e coltivando alcune specie vegetali, piuttosto che altre. E poi, selezionando quelle che gli assicuravano maggiori possibilità di sopravvivenza. Così facendo, in cooperazione con l'ambiente naturale ha 'creato' numerosissime varietà di frutta, olive, vite, ortaggi, legumi, cereali, che sono state alla base della sua alimentazione e delle tradizioni alimentari delle sue comunità, insieme 'causa' ed 'effetto' delle caratteristiche ambientali e climatiche dei luoghi da esso abitati. I loro nomi sono spesso associati a questi luoghi, ed a tutto quello che in essi fa parte della cultura contadina e ne costituisce la vera identità. 'Donna Francesca', 'Donna Giulietta', 'Ciddina' non sono nomi di anziane signore, ma di antiche olive. 'Palombo', 'Somarello rosso', 'Somarello nero', non sono animali, ma vecchie varietà di uva da vino. Sono solo alcuni dei nomi di antiche varietà coltivate, che riecheggiano nella memoria dei nostri nonni, che hanno fatto la storia della nostra agricoltura e della nostra alimentazione. Questa agricoltura, rispettosa degli equilibri ambientali, ha generato un aumento della diversità biologica, della complessità degli ecosistemi e

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Organic Agriculture

Potatura e forme d'allevamento dell'olivo / Riccardo Gucci, Claudio Cantini. - Bologna : Edagricole, 2012. - xi, 251 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.


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Organic Agriculture

CENTRO DOCUMENTALE - ISTITUTO AGRONOMICO MEDITERRANEO DI BARI

persino della stabilità dell'ambiente. Così, per secoli. L'enorme ricchezza di varietà locali è però andata progressivamente riducendosi con l'avvento dell'agricoltura intensiva, secondo il criterio quasi esclusivo della maggiore produttività. Di conseguenza, le varietà locali, ben adattate ai mille loro ambienti di coltivazione, sono state progressivamente ed inesorabilmente sostituite da nuove varietà ed ibridi, che permettono elevate produzioni, una lunga conservabilità ed una maggiore idoneità ad essere trasportate a lunga distanza. Il 'cibo locale' è quindi divenuto globale, i prodotti agricoli percorrono quotidianamente migliaia di chilometri prima di arrivare sulle nostre tavole, e, sempre di più, 'si somigliano', hanno le stesse caratteristiche, lo stesso sapore, in ogni parte del mondo. A causa dell'abbandono da parte degli agricoltori, moltissime tra le vecchie varietà sono a rischio di scomparsa dal panorama agricolo pugliese, in alcuni casi sono già scomparse, estinte. Con la loro 'emarginazione' dall'agricoltura produttiva non rischia solo di scomparire la biodiversità agraria regionale, o di esserne gravemente compromessa, ma rischia di entrare nell'oblio anche il patrimonio di conoscenze ad esse collegato. Non dimenticando che il termine 'patrimonio' è spesso associato al concetto di ricchezza. Questa pubblicazione non ha certo l'intento di riportare indietro l'orologio del progresso che l'agricoltura ha raggiunto, e che anzi consente al settore primario pugliese di essere un pilastro sempre più solido della nostra economia regionale, ma di spiegare l'importanza della biodiversità agraria ed i motivi della sua scomparsa, accompagnando il lettore in un percorso di racconti e di esperienze che svelano un lato poco conosciuto dell'agricoltura, ma estremamente coinvolgente ed affascinante. Il lavoro realizzato, che è stato reso possibile dalla disponibilità, competenza e 'memoria' degli autori, che ancora una volta ringrazio di cuore, potrà contribuire a rendere l'opinione pubblica consapevole dello straordinario patrimonio che ancora tutti noi possediamo, di cui è indispensabile evitare ulteriormente l'impoverimento. Un 'bene comune' da custodire, salvaguardare e anche valorizzare, per poter tracciare, grazie ad esso, nuovi percorsi dello sviluppo rurale nei nostri territori.

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N° 2 - 2014 - marzo/aprile

Environment and natural resources management

Large-scale investments in land are spreading faster than ever before across the global south. Often these investments target lands governed by customary rights that are not adequately recognized and protected under national laws, or sites where governments lack the capacity to enforce the law. Land deals that change the use of land and natural resources have wide implications for indigenous peoples and local communities who depend primarily on these resources for their livelihoods, welfare and cultural identity. Ill-regulated land acquisition has become a major problem, especially in sub- Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, where it threatens food security, local livelihoods and sustainable natural resource management, and has triggered land conflicts and human rights abuse. Marginalized social groups are particularly at risk, including indigenous peoples, other customary landowners, women, lower-caste people and ethnic minorities. In May 2012, the Committee on Word Food Security (CFS) endorsed the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (hereafter referred to as the Guidelines). The Guidelines provide practical guidance to states, civil society and the private sector on responsible governance of tenure and constitute a framework for policies, legislation and programmes. In particular, the Guidelines encourage respect for rights, good governance and equitable outcomes that secure local people's livelihoods and promote long-term community-based development. This paper is a technical guide on free, prior and informed consent (FPIC). It sets out practical actions for government agencies to respect and protect FPIC and for civil society organizations, land users and private investors globally to comply with their responsibilities in relation to FPIC, as endorsed by the Guidelines in Section 9.9. The guide also describes how consultation and participation can be carried out with those rightsholders affected by land-use changes, in line with paragraph 3B.6 of the Guidelines (see “FPIC and the Guidelines”).

Fisheries and Aquaculture Le développement de l'aquaculture : L'utilisation des ressources halieutiques sauvages pour l'aquaculture fondée sur les captures. - Rome : FAO, c2013. - xv, 93 p. - 21 cm. (( Directives techniques pour une pêche responsable de la FAO ; 5, Suppl. 6. L'aquaculture des poissons à valeur commerciale et des espèces invertébrées se développe rapidement dans le monde entier et devient un moyen supplémentaire essentiel de la production de l'eau douce et des fruits de mer à un moment où de nombreuses populations naturelles sont en déclin dans la nature. L'aquaculture fondée sur les captures (CBA) est définie comme la pratique de la collecte du matériel vivant dans la nature et son utilisation dans des conditions d'élevage. Elle apporte une contribution significative à la production aquatique et à la génération des moyens d'existence. Elle englobe une série d'activités, allant de la capture des larves, des juvéniles et des sous adultes des espèces désirables de poissons et des invertébrés comme semences pour le grossissement dans des conditions de captivité, à la prise de géniteurs adultes et l'utilisation des poissons et des invertébrés sauvages capturés pour l'alimentation. Comme la CBA combine des activités culturelles avec l'exploitation des ressources naturelles, il y a un potentiel de compétition et de conflit entre les secteurs de la pêche qui ciblent des différentes phases du cycle de vie des espèces cibles et des impacts sur l'environnement par la surpêche ou le dommage de l'habitat. Il y a très peu d'espèces produites par l'aquaculture qui ont peu, ou pas, de dépendance sur les populations sauvages des espèces cibles ou non. Cela signifie que l'aquaculture de nombreuses espèces est encore tributaire de l'approvisionnement des organismes des populations naturelles pour une certaine partie de l'opération, ou avec certains impacts sur les pêches sauvages comme conséquence à cette activité. Par conséquent, la gestion et la conduite des opérations qui ont ces effets doivent tenir compte à la fois des considérations de la pêche et de l'aquaculture et des bonnes pratiques. Jusqu'à récemment, la CBA a attiré peu d'attention en tant qu'activité distincte de l'aquaculture fondée sur les écloseries (HBA) pour une considération de surveillance et de gestion et en effet elle a généralement été traitée de la même manière que la HBA. Cependant, alors que l'utilisation des ressources sauvages capturées pour les aliments dans les installations aquacoles est similaire pour la CBA et la HBA, la forte dépendance de la CBA sur les ressources sauvages pour les semences et ses conséquences pour les populations sauvages a été de plus en plus reconnue dans la dernière décennie. Le but à long terme de la plupart des formes d'aquaculture est éventuellement pour la transition de la CBA pleinement à la HBA. Cependant, il existe un ensemble de raisons biologiques, socio-économiques et pratiques pour lesquelles il est peu probable que cela se produise pour de nombreuses espèces, ou dans certains cas, où cela peut même être indésirable ou inutile. Il faut reconnaître que la CBA est une partie importante et essentielle de l'industrie de l'aquaculture, mais pour s'assurer que ses

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Respecting free, prior and informed consent : Practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous peoples and local communities in relation to land acquisition / edited by Francesca Romano. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - vi, 50 p. - 27 cm. (( Governance of tenure technical guide ; 3.


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contributions conduisent à long terme à des avantages sociaux et environnementaux, elle doit être exploitée d'une manière durable et conformément au Code de conduite de la FAO pour une pêche responsable et dans le cadre d'une approche écosystémique de la gestion. Le fait que la CBA continuera de fournir des contributions importantes ou essentielles pour les exploitations aquacoles et qu'elle est le point de départ pour l'aquaculture pour n'importe quelle espèce, a conduit au développement de ces Directives techniques pour la gestion responsable et la conduite de cette activité. Spécifiquement, ces Directives adressent les impacts réels et potentiels de la récolte des semences sauvages sur la cible et non-cible (captures accessoires), y compris les espèces menacées, la biodiversité et ces impacts sur l'environnement et l'écosystème marin. Les Directives considèrent également les pratiques de capture et de post-captage, le grossissement, l'aliment et le stock des géniteurs, les facteurs sociaux et économiques, et les considérations de gouvernance. Ces Directives techniques identifient les principes et les directives de la CBA pour les bonnes pratiques et fournissent de nombreuses études de cas illustratifs d'un large éventail d'espèces et de pêches.

Report of FAO Expert Workshop on Assessment and Monitoring of Aquaculture Sector Performance, Gaeta, Italy, 5-7 November 2012. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - viii, 94 p. - 30 cm. (( FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Report ; 1063. The FAO Expert Workshop on Assessment and Monitoring of Aquaculture Sector Performance was held in Gaeta, Italy, from 5 to 7 November 2012 to discuss the methodologies and techniques of, and to share global, regional and national experiences in, assessing and monitoring the performance of aquaculture. Session 1 of the workshop included 28 presentations under 6 thematic topics: sharing regional and national experiences; data and statistics; aquaculture's contribution to food and nutrition security; economic performance of aquaculture; environmental performance of aquaculture; and measuring the net impact of aquaculture. The information, knowledge and insights provided by the presentations are summarized in an appendix to the report. Session 2 of the workshop introduced an FAO initiative for developing a user-friendly tool to facilitate the assessment and monitoring of aquaculture sector performance. The World Aquaculture Performance Indicators (WAPI) tool is intended to compile, generate and provide easy access to quantitative indicators on aquaculture sector performance at the national, regional and global levels. A background document on the WAPI tool is provided in an appendix to this report. A prototype WAPI tool was presented at the workshop for comments, suggestions and potential collaboration. The report documents the feedback of workshop participants on the draft WAPI. Session 3 of the workshop included brainstorming discussions by working groups on three thematic topics: aquaculture's contribution to food and nutrition security; its socioeconomic performance; and its environmental performance. Tables in the report summarize the results of these discussions The report also summarizes a number of indicators on various dimensions of aquaculture sector performance and various data sources. Effective assessment and monitoring of aquaculture sector performance entails integration of indicators, data and issues as three key elements. The summary at the end of the report discusses how the WAPI tool can facilitate such integration.

The Ocean Challenge Badge / edited by Caroline Hattam, Tara Hooper, Alashiya Gordes. Rome : FAO, c2013. - 168 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. The purpose of the United Nations challenge badges is to raise awareness, educate and, most of all, motivate young people to change their behavior and be active agents of change in their local communities. Challenge badges are appropriate for use with school classes and youth groups, and are endorsed by WAGGGS and WOSM. They include a wide range of activities and ideas that can easily be adapted by teachers or leaders. Additional badges are available or are being developed on a number of other topics, including: Agriculture, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Energy, Forests, Governance, Hunger, Nutrition, Soils and Water. The Ocean Challenge Badge is designed to help educate children and young people about the vital role the ocean plays in supporting life on Earth. The badge looks at how people live by, explore and use the coast, the seas and marine products, describing the effect this has on the marine environment and offering ideas on how individuals can take action to help make this close relationship more sustainable.

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Stock status is a key parameter for evaluating the sustainability of fishery resources and developing corresponding management plans. However, the majority of stocks are not assessed, often as a result of insufficient data and a lack of resources needed to execute formal stock assessments. The working group involved in this publication focused on two approaches to estimating fisheries status: one based on single-stock status, and the other based on ecosystem production. For the single-stock status work, a fully factorial simulation testing framework was developed to assess four potential data-limited models. The results suggest that Catch-MSY, a catch-based method, was the best performer, although the different models performed similarly in many cases. Catch-MSY was more effective in estimating status over short time scales and could be particularly applicable for use in developing countries where data time series are often shorter. Harvest dynamics was the most important explanatory variable in determining performance, which emphasizes the importance of having accurate information on fishing effort and total removals. For the ecosystem-level production analysis, the working group used satellite-based estimates of primary productivity by size classes and a more complete food web, which included more complete microbial pathways than earlier approaches. The working group also assembled estimates of ecological transfer efficiencies from a large number of energy flow network models to characterize uncertainty. The first-order estimates of fishery production potential indicated a potential yield of up to 180 million tonnes of fish, which could vary depending on the capacity to sustainably diversify the suite of species that are currently exploited. Planktivorous species provide the largest scope for growth. However, consideration of factors such as the ecological impact on other food web components, profitability of harvest operations, and marketability for these species must first be resolved. The realized production potential for planktivores may be much lower than their potential levels depending on the outcome of these considerations. The working group estimated that up to 50 million tonnes of benthic production could be potentially harvested, although this estimate is subject to similar constraints as those for planktivores. The greatest scope for growth in the benthic component may be found in the mariculture sector, subject to suitable environmental safeguards. Ecosystem exploitation rates should not exceed 20–25 percent of available production, considerino basic energetic constraints in marine ecosystems. Current harvest levels for benthivorous and piscivorous species (principally fish) exceeded these levels in higher-latitude ecosystems (subarcticboreal and temperate) and were near or slightly below them in lower latitudes and upwelling systems. The estimates of the ratio of current catches to available production for planktivorous species are substantially lower, reflecting the production potential of currently underutilized species. However, targeted harvesting of selected planktivorous species does lead to relatively high exploitation rates for some species. Together, these results provide globally applicable methods for estimating fish stock status and fishery production potential.

Inland fisheries evolution and management : Case studies from four continents / R.L. Welcomme, J. Valbo-Jorgensen, A.S. Halls. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - x, 77 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. (( FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper : 579. In 2009, inland fisheries produced some 10 million tonnes of fish. Despite their importance to rural communities, especially in the least-developed countries, little attention has been paid to this sector in recent years. As a result, there is a deficit in management of the fisheries and also an increasing threat to freshwater by a number of non-fishery users of the aquatic resource. As part of an effort to raise awareness of the problems facing inland fisheries and to examine more closely the various issues, this document reviews four of the world's best-documented inland fisheries: the Amazon, Lake Constance, the Mekong and Lake Victoria. These represent two lake fisheries and two river fisheries drawn from a wide geographical sample – Africa, Asia, South America and Europe. This technical paper draws conclusions from the four case studies and more general experience as to some of the main issues facing inland fisheries. Inland fishery statistics are generally are very poor, so knowledge of the actual contribution of the sector to food security is not known. Nevertheless, inland fisheries employ about 56 million people directly and indirectly. The state of the stocks of fish in many fisheries is not known because of the low level of research across the many rivers and lakes. However, it is understood that, in many cases, the main driver of the fish assemblages is not the way in which the fishery is managed but rather the state of the environment as acted upon by other human uses. This means that mechanisms are needed to improve both management of fisheries through forms of comanagement and collaboration at the national and international level between agencies responsible for the management of the aquatic resource in general.

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Developing new approaches to global stock status assessment and fishery production potential of the seas / A.A. Rosenberg … [et al.]. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - xi, 175 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. (( FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular ; 1086.


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Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée : Rapport de la trente-septième session, Split, Croatie, 13-17 mai 2013. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - 118 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. (( FAO Rapport CGPM ; 33. Les représentants de vingt-et-une Parties contractantes, d'un État non membre de la Commission générale des pêches pour la Méditerranée (CGPM) et onze observateurs ont assisté à la trenteseptième session de la CGPM, ainsi qu'à la quatrième session du Comité de l'administration et des finances (CAF) et à la septième session du Comité d'application. La Commission a passé en revue les activités intersessions du Comité scientifique consultatif (CSC) et du Comité de l'aquaculture (CAQ) ainsi que les résultats obtenus par le Groupe de travail mis en place pour la modernisation du cadre juridique et institutionnel de la CGPM. Les mesures adoptées par la Commission cette année comprennent notamment une recommandation sur un plan de gestion pluriannuel et sur des mesures de conservation transitoires pour les pêcheries de petits pélagiques en Méditerranée qui prévoit des actions visant à réduire la menace de surpêche et de déclin des stocks et à encourager l'exploitation durable de cette importante espèce cible tout en gardant des rendements stables. Pour ce qui est de la mer Noire, la Commission a adopté une recommandation relative à la définition d'un ensemble de normes minimales pour la pêche du turbot au filet maillant de fond et pour la conservation des cétacés, en vue de garantir la protection des jeunes turbots avant qu'ils n'atteignent la taille de maturité et de contribuer ainsi au renouvellement de cette population en mer Noire. Cette mesure prévoit également des normes pour les pêcheries de turbot visant à réduire les captures accidentelles de cétacés. Parallèlement à ces recommandations contraignantes, la Commission a approuvé deux résolutions visant à promouvoir la mise en place d'aires marines protégées (y compris les zones de pêche réglementée) et à faire adopter des directives sur la gestion de la capacité de pêche en fonction de la disponibilité des ressources, afin de renforcer le contrôle et le suivi de l'effort et de la capacité de pêche. Un autre résultat de la session a été l'adoption de lignes directrices sur des mesures de précaution en matière de conservation visant à minimiser les effets indésirables sur les stocks et à améliorer la rentabilité économique des pêches. Dans le domaine de l'aquaculture, étant donné le rôle clé de ce secteur dans l'optique de la sécurité alimentaire et de la croissance économique et compte tenu de la nécessité d'encourager son développement durable en Méditerranée et en mer Noire, la Commission a convenu de mettre en place la première plateforme aquacole multiacteurs, qui prévoit la participation de toutes les parties prenantes du secteur. La Commission a adopté son budget autonome pour l'année 2013, s'élevant à 1 940 973 USD, ainsi que son programme d'activités pour la période intersessions, y compris au titre du premier programme-cadre 2013-2018. Il a été décidé de créer cinq nouveaux groupes de travail: trois groupes de travail sur les méthodologies aux fins de l'analyse socioéconomique, sur la pêche artisanale et sur la pêche de loisirs dans le cadre du Sous-comité des sciences économiques et sociales (SCSES), un groupe de travail transversal sur les aires marines protégées auquel participent tous les Sous-comités et un groupe de travail pour la révision de l'Accord portant création e la CGPM. La session de cette année a été marquée par des avances substantielles à l'appui du processus de réforme, lancé en 2009, en vue de moderniser le cadre institutionnel et d'assurer un fonctionnement plus efficace de la CGPM. Le Groupe de travail pour la révision de l'Accord portant création de la CGPM sera appelé à jouer un rôle important dans ce processus de réforme, qui devrait se traduire par une coopération sous-régionale renforcée, par la mise en place de mécanismes efficaces pour assurer le respect des décisions contraignantes, par la création d'une feuille de route pour lutter contre la pêche illicite, illégale et non réglementée et assurer ainsi la durabilité à long terme des pêches et de l'aquaculture en Méditerranée et en mer Noire. Une session extraordinaire, qui se tiendra en 2014, examinera les résultats de ce processus de réforme. Implementation Guidelines on Part B of the Code, the Voluntary Guidelines and the Safety Recommendations. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - ix, 78 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. The Implementation Guidelines are intended for the attention of maritime, labour and fisheries ministries and any other relevant government ministry as and when it is decided to implement the three FAO/ILO/IMO instruments on the design, construction and equipment of fishing vessels of all types and sizes. Those instruments are Part B of the Code of Safety for Fishermen and Fishing Vessels, the Voluntary Guidelines for the Design, Construction and Equipment of Small Fishing Vessels, and the Safety Recommendations for Decked Fishing Vessels of Less than 12 metres in Length and Undecked Fishing Vessels. While the intention is not to provide a single prescription to improve safety, the Guidelines do seek to raise awareness and offer guidance on a broad range of issues which must be addressed in an effective and holistic manner. In this regard, the cooperation and coordination between maritime, labour and fisheries administrations is important, particularly where the responsibilities for safety of fishing vessels are divided under relevant Acts. The Implementation Guidelines cover areas such as: development of a safety strategy; legal implications; administrative requirements; capacity-building; training of crew members; enforcement of regulations; and operational safety. Although the main purpose of the Implementation Guidelines is to assist competent authorities in the implementation of voluntary instruments, it could also be useful when implementing the provisions of the Cape Town Agreement of 2012 on the Implementation of the Provisions of the 1993 Protocol relating to the Torremolinos International Convention for the Safety of Fishing Vessels, 1977.

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Animal production and health This publication examines why and how pathogens of animal origin have become a major global public health threat, and what might be done to mitigate this threat. The increasing dynamics of disease at the human–animal–ecosystem interface are explored against the backdrop of changing biophysical and social landscapes. Based on a Pressure–State–Response analysis framework, disease events are described in their agro-ecological and socio-economic contexts. The publication suggests the need for a paradigm shift in risk assessment, with more attention to a health-indevelopment approach that engages society at large and is built on analysis of the drivers of disease dynamics. Such analysis will be instrumental in defining preventive measures for countering disease emergence, spread and persistence. Four distinct driverdisease complexes need to be addressed: poverty- related endemic disease burdens in humans and livestock; biological threats and biosafety challenges posed by globalization and climate change; food and agriculture-related veterinary public health threats; and the risk of disease agents jumping species from wildlife to livestock and humans. The preventive approach suggested relates disease dynamics and pathogen evolution directly to human behaviour at all points of animal- source food value chains.

Food and nutrition L'état de l'insécurité alimentaire dans le monde : Les multiples dimensions de la sécurité alimentaire / edited by Jorno Kwame Sundaram. - Rome : FAO, c2013. - 58 p. - 30 cm. L'édition de 2013 de L'État de l'insécurité alimentaire dans le monde contient les dernières estimations de la sous-alimentation et décrit les progrès accomplis en matière de réalisation des cibles de lutte contre la faim fixées dans le cadre des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD) et lors du Sommet mondial de l'alimentation (SMA). D'après les dernières évaluations, de nouveaux progrès ont été faits en ce qui concerne la réalisation, à l'horizon 2015, de la cible visée par les OMD. Cette cible reste à la portée des régions en développement, prises dans leur ensemble, même si des écarts notables persistent entre les régions, et si des efforts supplémentaires importants et immédiats devront être consentis. Dans l'édition de 2013, on ne se contente pas de mesurer les pénuries alimentaires. On expose un large éventail d'indicateurs visant à rendre compte des multiples dimensions de l'insécurité alimentaire, de ses tenants et de ses aboutissants. Ces indicateurs permettent de brosser un tableau plus nuancé de la situation de chaque pays au regard de la sécurité alimentaire, sur lequel peuvent s'appuyer les décideurs pour la conception et la mise en oeuvre de politiques ciblées et efficaces pouvant contribuer à éradiquer la faim, l'insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition. Grâce à la série d'indicateurs, il est possible de décrire plus en détail les diverses expériences de six pays, et le rapport présente un bilan mitigé d'avancées et de revers. L'expérience de ces pays montre l'importance des systèmes de protection sociale et d'interventions visant à améliorer la nutrition, de politiques axées sur le renforcement de la productivité agricole et du développement rural, de la diversification des sources de revenus, ainsi que d'un engagement à long terme en faveur de l'intégration de la sécurité alimentaire et de la nutrition dans les politiques et les programmes publics. Pesticides residues in food 2013 : Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues : Report of the Joint Meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticides residues in Food and the Environment and the WHO Core Assessment Group on Pesticide Residues, Geneva, Switzerland, from 17 to 26 September 2013. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - xv, 607 p. - 30 cm. The Meeting evaluated 37 pesticides, of which 11 were new compounds, and 3 were re-evaluated within the periodic review programme of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR). The Meeting established acceptable daily intakes (ADIs) and acute reference doses (ARfDs). The Meeting estimated maximum residue levels, which it recommended for use as maximum residue limits (MRLs) by the CCPR. It also estimated supervised trials median residue (STMR) and highest residue (HR) levels as a basis for estimation of the dietary intake of residues of the pesticides reviewed. The allocations and estimates are shown in the table. Pesticides for which the estimated dietary intakes might, on the basis of the available information, exceed their ADIs are marked with footnotes, which are also applied to specific commodities when the available information indicated that the ARfD of a pesticide might be exceeded when the commodity was consumed. It should be noted that these distinctions apply only to new compounds and those re-evaluated within the CCPR periodic review programme. The table includes the Codex reference numbers of the compounds and the Codex classification numbers (CCNs) of the commodities, to facilitate reference to the Codex maximum limits for pesticide residues (Codex Alimentarius, Vol. 2B) and other documents and working documents of the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Both compounds and commodities are listed in alphabetical order.

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World Livestock 2013 : Changing disease landscapes / edited by J.Slingenbergh. - Rome : FAO, c2013. - xiii, 111 p. - 26 cm.


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Compendium of food additive specifications : Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, held in Rome on 4-13 June 2013. - Rome : FAO, c2014. - ix, 94 p. - 30 cm. (( FAO JECFA Monographs ; 14. This document contains food additive specication monographs, analyticai methods, and other information prepared at the seventy-seventh meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee an Food Additives (JECFA), which was heid in Rome, Italy from 4-13 June 2013. The specification monographs provlde information on the identity and purity offood additives used directly in foods or in food production. The main three objectlves of these speclflcations are to identify the food additive that has been subjected to testing for safety, to ensure that the additives are of the quality required for use in food or in processing and to reflect and encourage good manufacturing practice. This publication and other documents produced by JECFA contain Information that is useful to all those who work with or are interested in food additives and their safe use in food.

Ending Hunger Challenge Badge / edited by Alessia Bigi, Alashiya Gordes, Isabel Sloman. Rome : FAO, c2013. - 120 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. The purpose of the United Nations challenge badges is to raise awareness, educate and, most of all, motivate young people to change their behavior and be active agents of change in their local communities. Challenge badges are appropriate for use with school classes and youth groups, and are endorsed by WAGGGS and WOSM. They include a wide range of activities and ideas that can easily be adapted by teachers or leaders. Additional badges are available or are being developed on a number of other topics, including: Agriculture, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Energy, Forests, Governance, Nutrition, the Ocean, Soils and Water. The Ending Hunger Challenge Badge is designed to help educate children and young people about the effects of hunger in the world and how we can put an end to it. This material is appropriate for use in school classes, Guide or Scout groups or youth meetings generally. It includes a wide range of activities and ideas to stimulate learning about hunger and nutrition issues, while motivating children and young people to get involved in the fight against world hunger.

Land and water development Integrated valuation of vulnerability to landslides in rural communities / edited by Valeria Anna De Trizio, Caterina De Lucia. - Napoli : Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, c2009. - 94 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. (( Working Paper Series : Engineering and Spatial Planning ; 1. Landslides are present in about one third of Italian territory, involving diverse soil types with a consequent great variety of instability phenomena (rock falls and slides in clay, debris flow in granular materials and earth flow in cohesive soils) and differing impacts on built-up areas, infrastructure and landscapes. The spread in areas subject to gravity landslides of urbanization processes, without knowledge of or regard for the risks associated with these phenomena, is currently growing within so-called "chain zones" where this type of risk is very high. Human activities influencing the occurrence of natural disasters have been investigated in several recent and past scientific publications however represented, in most cases, by sectoral studies and often studied exclusively theoretically. These studies are useful to represent the elements determining the ability of a system to resist or cope with a disaster, though without allowing for the description of the interactions between them, or of contextual considerations of social, economic and territorial aspects of vulnerability to landslides. This thesis therefore tries to bridge the gap found in the literature by building an integrated set of explanatory variables for the socio-economic and territorial vulnerability to landslides of a rural community and at the same time proposing a statistical model using these variables for the assessment of vulnerability. The latter was tested on the 24 municipalities of the Daunia Sub-Appennnines, in the north-west province of Foggia in Southern Italy, which has always been subject to gravity landslides that are currently growing in frequency. A Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was performed to identify the main factors responsible for vulnerability and a cluster analysis was used to group homogeneous statistical units to enable principal factors to be extracted. A multivariate regression analysis was also performed to assess the existence of a functional relationship between the original variables and a structural analysis to study the eventual causal link between them. The results obtained point to the importance of socio-economic vulnerability (V) and exposure (E) in the processes of territorial risk assessment. In the PCA and cluster analysis, four main factors are particularly relevant to explain vulnerability and these are: competitiveness of agricultural sectors, income from agricultural activities, soil protection and

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N° 2 - 2014 - marzo/aprile

Biotechnology In vivo conservation of animal genetic resources. - Rome : FAO, c2013. - xxiv, 243 p. - 30 cm. (( FAO Animal Production and Health Guidelines ; 14. The Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources, adopted in 2007, is the first internationally agreed framework for the management of biodiversity in the livestock sector. It calls for the development of technical guidelines to support countries in their implementation efforts. Guidelines on the Preparation of national strategies and action plans for animal genetic resources were published in 2009 and are being complemented by a series of guideline publications addressing specific technical subjects. Conservation of animal genetic resources - ensuring that these valuable resources remain available for future use by livestock breeders - is one of the four strategic priority areas of the Global Plan of Action. These guidelines focus on conservation “in vivo”, i.e. maintaining live populations rather than storing frozen genetic material. They complement separate guidelines on Cryoconservation of animal genetic resources published in the same series. They have been endorsed by the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. In vivo conservation encompasses a range of actions that can be taken to ensure the survival of livestock breeds or populations that are threatened with extinction. These guidelines address both “in situ” conservation (supporting the continued use of threatened breeds in the livestock production systems where they have traditionally been raised) and “ex situ” conservation (maintenance of populations at sites such as conservation farms and zoos). As well as providing a wealth of information on breeding strategies for small at-risk populations, the guidelines provide advice on how to develop an effective and welltargeted national conservation strategy. They also discuss a number of specific strategies that can be employed to promote greater self-sustainability in at-risk breeds, including establishing community-based conservation programmes, promoting niche marketing and livestock-related cultural activities, and capitalizing on the use of grazing animals in landscape management and nature conservation.

Agriculture Formation participative et Développement de Curriculum pour les champs-écoles paysans en Guyane et au Suriname : Un guide pratique pour la lutte intégrée contre les ravageurs et l'aquaculture dans les systèmes rizicoles de la Guyane et du Suriname / edité par Matthias Halwart, William Settle. - Rome : FAO, c2013. - vii, 119 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. Le manuscrit a été préparé par les stagiaires d'un long programme de formation des formateurs qui a duré toute une saison et qui a eu lieu à la station de recherche sur le riz dans le village de Lesbeholden, Black Bush Polder, Corentyne, East Berbice, en Guyane dans le cadre des activités d'un Projet de Coopération technique de la FAO pour la Guyane et le Suriname. Le processus a été encadré par des facilitateurs de CEP il s'agit en l'occurrence de M. Juanich Godardo, spécialiste de l'aquaculture et de M. Wahyu Sutisna, spécialiste de l'IPM/CEP. La matière et les révisions finales ont été fournies par les éditeurs M. Halwart et W. Settle.

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geographical remoteness. Furthermore, no relevant differences are found across municipalities with respect to socioeconomic vulnerability. Main results from regression analysis shown that environmental vulnerability is mainly affected by the following variables: extension of protected areas surface, arable land, number of family-owned farms, standing soil load, value of subsidies received, territorial importance, territorial remoteness and wood crops. Finally, in the structural equation model no evidence of endogeneity between soil productivity and vulnerability is found.


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Forestry Etat des forêts méditerranéennes 2013 / Gillian Allard … [et al.]. - Rome : FAO, c2013. ix, 189 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. Les écosystèmes forestiers et autres espaces boisés méditerranéens sont une composante importante des territoires. Ils contribuent de façon significative au développement rural, à la réduction de la pauvreté et à la sécurité alimentaire des populations des territoires méditerranéens. Ils sont àla fois sources de bois, de liège, d'énergie, de nourriture, de revenus et de multiples autres biens et services environnementaux (préservation de la biodiversité, conservation des eaux et des sols, fourniture d'espaces récréatifs, stockage de carbone) souvent cruciaux pour de nombreux autres secteurs économiques de la région (agriculture et alimentation, conservation des eaux et des sols, fourniture d'eau potable, tourisme, énergie). Les changements globaux affectent fortement le pourtour de la Méditerranée (évolutions des sociétés et des modes de vie conjuguées aux changements climatiques). Ces changements rapides hypothèquent l'avenir des écosystèmes forestiers et autres espaces boisés (perte de biodiversité, augmentation des risques de feux de forêts, dégradation des bassins versants et accentuation des processus de désertification) et remettent en cause la fourniture durable de ces multiples biens et services en faveur des populations. Il devenait donc urgent de se doter d'un outil d'information et de suivi capable d'évaluer régulièrement ces changements et de communiquer sur des bases objectives et fiables avec les différents acteurs impliqués dans la gestion des écosystèmes forestiers méditerranéens. C'est dans cette perspectives que les Etats membres du Comité sur les questions forestières méditerranéennes-Silva Mediterranea ont demandé à la FAO, lors d'une réunion organisée en avril 2010 à Antalya en Turquie, de préparer un Etat des forêts méditerranéennes Suite à cette décision, le Secrétariat de la FAO a préparé des termes de références pour clarifier les modalités de préparation de ce premier Etat des forêts méditerranéennes (EdFM). Il a d'abord été convenu de valoriser les données déjà collectées au sein des institutions régionales et internationales dans le cadre d'autres processus d'évaluation environnementale comme l'Etat de l'environnement et du développement en Méditerranée (Plan Bleu, 2009) ou l'Evaluation des ressources forestières mondiales réalisé tous les cinq ans par le Département des Forêts de la FAO (FAO, FRA 2010). Il a également été proposé de privilégier la création d'une dynamique collective autour de ce premier Etat des forêts méditerranéennes en mobilisant systématiquement les institutions nationales, régionales et internationales pour la rédaction de plusieurs chapitres. Forests Challenge Badge / edited by Christine Gibb, Saadia Iqbal. - Rome : FAO, c2013. - 150 p. : ill. ; 21 cm. The purpose of the United Nations Challenge Badges is to raise awareness, educate and motivate young people to change their behaviour and be active agents of change in their local communities. Additional badges are available or are being developed on a number of other topics including: Agriculture, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Energy, Governance, Hunger, Nutrition, the Ocean, Soils and Water. The Forests Challenge Badge is designed to help educate children and young people about the crucial role that forests play for life on our planet. This booklet includes basic educational contents on the different types of forests and where they grow. It explains how forests provide essential ecosystem services such as clean air, water, and climate change mitigation. It also describes various forest resources and explains how millions of people worldwide rely on forests for their livelihoods. The badge describes the threats to our planet's forests and what is being done to protect them. This material is appropriate for use in school classes, Guide or Scout groups or youth meetings generally. It includes a wide range of activities and ideas to stimulate learning about the importance of forests, while motivating children and young people to help protect forests and become aware of the impacts of their actions on the environment.

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N° 2 - 2014 - marzo/aprile

The Funding Strategy of the International Treaty : Third educational module in a series of training materials for the implementation of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome : FAO, c2013. - xi, 97 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. “The Funding Strategy of the International Treaty� is the third in a series of educational modules being developed under the coordination of the Secretariat of the International Treaty to strengthen capacities for the effective implementation of the International Treaty among its stakeholder groups. The work on these training materials was officially welcomed by the Governing Body of the International Treaty at its fourth session. The educational modules are aimed at all stakeholder groups of the International Treaty, including policy makers and their staff, civil servants, gene bank staff, plant breeders, farmers' organizations and other civil society organizations. They are also designed as information and awareness raising materials for the use of media, academia, prospective donors and other interested institutions.

Responsabile: A cura di:

Progetto grafico:

Luigi Sisto e-mail: l.sisto@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606265 Giuseppe Inchingolo e-mail: inchingolog@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606269 Wanda Occhialini e-mail: occhialini@iamb.it Tel. 080/4606266 Fabio La Notte e-mail: lanotte@iamb.it Tel.080/4606358

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Plant Production and protection


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