Stagecoach Greenway on the First Broad River - Master Plan

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GREENWAY & PARKS MASTER PLAN MARCH 2021



G R E E N WAY & PA R K S M A S T E R P L A N

Produced For Cleveland County Water 439 Casar Lawndale Road Lawndale, NC 28090 704.538.9033

Produced By Destination by Design 136 Furman Road, Suite 6 Boone, NC 28607 828.386.1866


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Cleveland County Water Board of Commissioners Don Melton, Chairman Dewey Cook, Vice Chairman Bill Cameron, Secretary Amy Elliott Bridges, Commissioner John Taylor, Commissioner Tony Brooks, Commissioner Bruce Martin, Commissioner

Greenway Steering Committee Amy Elliott Bridges, CCW Liaison Brad Cornwell, General Manager and Ex Officio Mickey Morehead, Principal, Burns High School Jerrianne Queen, Lawndale Historical Society Sarah Hord, Lawndale Town Council Ron McCollum, Community Citizen

Greenway Video Interviewees Betty Hord, Resident and Historian John Sain, Mayor of Lawndale, NC Jerrianne Queen, Lawndale Historical Society Amy Elliott Bridges, CCW Board Member Brad Cornwell, CCW General Manager Mickey Morehead, Principal, Burns High School Bill Cameron, CCW Board Member

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CONTENTS

1 2 3 4 5 6

Chapter 1: Introduction and Background 02 03 04 05

1.1 Background 1.2 Project Goals 1.3 Planning Process 1.4 Plan Organization

Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants 08 10

2.1 Study Area Context 2.2 Existing Conditions Ș Lawndale Ș Long Rock Ș River Point

Chapter 3: Public Engagement and Outreach 26 27 28

3.1 Tools of the Trade 3.2 Greenway Steering Committee 3.3 Public Meeting

Chapter 4: Trail Character and Facility Design Guidelines 32 34 36

4.1 Greenway Trail Types 4.2 Brand Platform and Visual Brand 4.3 Trail Support Facilities and Signage

Chapter 5: Recommendations and Final Master Plans 40 42 60 70

5.1 Recommendations Overview 5.2 Lawndale 5.3 Long Rock 5.4 River Point

Chapter 6: Implementation 78 80 81

6.1 Physical Needs Summary and Estimate of Probable Costs 6.2 Prioritization 6.3 General Implementation Recommendations

Appendix 82

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MAPS

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09

Map 01: Regional Context

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Map 02: Study Area Overview

33

Map 03: Greenway Trail Type Alignment

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Map 04: Recommendations Overview

43

Map 05: Lawndale Section Recommendations

61

Map 06: Long Rock Section Recommendations

71

Map 07: River Point Section Recommendations


EXHIBITS 08

Exhibit 01: Carolina Thread Trail

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Exhibit 02: Lawndale Opportunities and Constraints

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Exhibit 03: Long Rock Opportunities and Constraints

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Exhibit 04: River Point Opportunities and Constraints

35

Exhibit 05: Visual Brand

45

Exhibit 06: Scout Hut Park Master Plan

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Exhibit 07: Lawndale Park Master Plan

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Exhibit 08: Town Center Master Plan

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Exhibit 09: Lawndale Town Center Streetscape

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Exhibit 10: A Challenging Connection

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Exhibit 11: Long Rock Park Master Plan

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Exhibit 12: River Point Trailhead and Trail System Master Plan

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Exhibit 13: Lawndale Planning Section Estimate of Probable Costs

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Exhibit 14: Long Rock Planning Section Estimate of Probable Costs

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Exhibit 15: River Point Planning Section Estimate of Probable Costs

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Exhibit 16: Potential Grant Funding Sources

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1 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND 1.1 Background 1.2 Project Goals 1.3 Planning Process 1.4 Plan Organization The Stagecoach Greenway Master Plan serves as a guide for the development of a greenway trail and series of parks along the First Broad River near the Town Lawndale in Cleveland County, NC. This chapter provides the project background and outlines plan goals, process, and organization.

Chapter 1: Introduction and Background  01


1.1 Background Cleveland County is located in the North Carolina Piedmont and features a rolling forested and agricultural landscape. The First Broad River is centrally located in the county and meanders from north to south passing through the community of Lawndale. The Town of Lawndale is located on the First Broad River at the site of the former Gardner’s Ford stagecoach stop. The Lincolnton - Rutherfordton stagecoach route crossed the river at Gardner’s Ford, near the present day bridge crossing of the river by Main Street. The history of the stagecoach route through this area provides inspiration for the branding of this unique greenway. The area has a long history of utilizing the First Broad River to power grist and cotton mills. In 1875, Major Henry Franklin Schenck converted an old grist mill on Knob Creek, approximately one mile north of present-day Lawndale, to a cotton mill, and the community that developed around it was known as Cleveland Mills. In 1889, Major Schenck constructed a new mill and dam on the First Broad River downstream from its confluence with Knob Creek, and the Town of Lawndale was born. Soon after the mill was opened, a school, movie theater, and other downtown businesses were created and flourished. The town continued to thrive until Cleveland Mills closed in early 2001.

Cleveland County Water (CCW), originally created as the Upper Cleveland County Sanitary District in 1980, provides water from the First Broad River to residents and businesses across the county. The water system is a form of local government authorized under the laws of the State of North Carolina and is managed under the oversight of a seven-member Board of Commissioners. In 2017, with a vision to protect water quality, improve local quality of life, spur economic growth, and enhance access to the river, CCW began purchasing property to develop a trail and parks along the First Broad River. With planning support from the Town of Lawndale and the Carolina Thread Trail (CTT), Cleveland County Water is leading efforts to plan and build the trail as a significant recreational and community asset in the heart of the First Broad River watershed. The CTT supports the development of the First Broad River corridor as a central spine and north-south trail connection priority within Cleveland County. The Town of Lawndale is pursuing a vision to establish itself as a “Trail Town” with the development of the greenway trail, parks, and river accesses. Safe and accessible access to the river, parks, and surrounding environment will not only expand recreational opportunities for residents, but help create a destination quality tourism asset for the area and surrounding communities.

Cleveland County Water is leading efforts to plan and build a greenway and paddle trail along the First Broad River with a vision to establish Lawndale as a “trail town.”

02  Chapter 1: Introduction and Background


1.2 Project Goals Quality of Life Enhance quality of life for current and future residents of Lawndale and Cleveland County through an interconnected network of public parks.

VI S UA L D I RE CTI O N

Health and Wellness Create recreational infrastructure that provides opportunities for all ages and abilities and enhances community wellness through the improvement of physical, mental, and social health.

Identity Effectively develop, brand, and promote the Stagecoach Greenway to further create a sense of place and community identity.

Access and Connectivity Enhance access to the First Broad River and connect parks, open space, and other significant community assets with a multiuse greenway path.

Economic Development Spur economic growth by creating recreational and community assets that attract visitors to the Town of Lawndale and Cleveland County.

Grant Funding Ensure grant competitiveness by adhering to any relevant grant funding guidelines.

Chapter 1: Introduction and Background  03


1.3 Planning Process

1

Project Launch and Direction Setting April 2020 - May 2020 The consultant team conducted a kick-off meeting and site visit with Cleveland County Water Staff to determine overall project needs and direction.

2

Analysis and Ideation

3

Project Branding

4

Public Engagement

5

Final Plan Development

April 2020 - October 2020 Planning team members assessed the natural and built environments to determine preliminary greenway routes and identify opportunities for park and facility development.

August 2020 - November 2020 The communications team conducted research and analysis to create a strategic brand platform and visual brand for the proposed greenway and parks.

August 2020 - February 2021 The public was engaged in the planning process through a variety of means including a project steering committee, public engagement video, website, and a public meeting for the draft plan.

November 2020 - March 2021 Results of the public comments and an estimate of probable costs is prepared and incorporated into the final plan.

04  Chapter 1: Introduction and Background


1.4 Plan Organization Chapter 1: Introduction and Background This introductory chapter highlights the plan background, goals, and process, and provides an overview of plan organization.

Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants This chapter examines the existing conditions of the natural and built environment and identifies opportunities and constraints that affect greenway and park development.

Chapter 3: Public Engagement and Outreach Chapter 3 highlights outreach efforts and input from the steering committee meetings and public.

Chapter 4: Greenway Facilities and Trail Character This chapter identifies trail types, presents the visual brand for the trail, and provides design concepts for support facilities and signage.

MA

STER PLAN

Chapter 5: Recommendations and Final Master Plans Chapter 5 serves as the heart of the Stagecoach Greenway Master Plan and outlines specific greenway and park recommendations. The chapter provides supporting maps, site plans, and renderings.

Chapter 6: Implementation The final chapter provides a summary of recommendations and outlines priorities for implementation. This chapter also lists grant funding opportunities and provides an estimate of probable costs.

Chapter 1: Introduction and Background  05



2 SITE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN DETERMINANTS 2.1 Study Area Context 2.2 Existing Conditions Ș Lawndale Ș Long Rock Ș River Point This chapter examines existing conditions along approximately two miles of the First Broad River and within adjacent properties owned by Cleveland County Water. First, the chapter examines the study area’s regional context and introduces three planning sections. Next, an analysis of the natural and built environments is presented. Lastly, opportunities and constraints that may influence greenway and park development along the proposed corridor are outlined for each planning section.


2.1 Study Area Context Cleveland County Cleveland County is located in the southwestern foothills region of North Carolina. Bounded in a rural setting, the County is approximately 55 miles west of Charlotte, 70 miles east of Asheville, and 50 miles north of Spartanburg, SC. The County is characterized by rural communities and rolling farmland that stretch from South Mountains State Park and Gamelands in its northwestern corner to Crowders Mountain State Park in its southeastern corner. The small communities of Casar, Polkville, Fallston, Belwood, and Lawndale comprise upper Cleveland County while the Cities of Shelby and Kings Mountain are located in the south (see Map 01: Regional Context, page 09). The headwaters of the First Broad River begin in the protected and rugged South Mountains of northeastern Rutherford County and flow south into the low lying agricultural fields of upper Cleveland County. The river continues through Lawndale before slowly meandering its way through the City of Shelby until its confluence with the Broad River near the NC/SC state line. It covers a distance of approximately 65 miles from beginning to end.

The Carolina Thread Trail The Carolina Thread Trail (CTT), named after the region’s textile heritage, is a regional network of greenways, trails, and blueways spanning 15 counties in both North and South Carolina. Approximately 110 miles of trails and blueways are planned within Cleveland County and 1600 miles of trails and blueways are planned region-wide. The First Broad River corridor is identified as a priority segment of the CTT in the Carolina Thread Trail Master Plan for Cleveland County Communities. This corridor will connect the planned trail and greenway network and existing First Broad River Trail in the City of Shelby to the Town of Lawndale and upper Cleveland County.

EXHIBIT 01: CAROLINA THREAD TRAIL

The Carolina Thread Trail will serve as a significant regional recreation asset. When complete, the CTT will encompass 1600+ miles of trail across 15 different counties and 2 states.

08  Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants


MAP 01: REGIONAL CONTEXT


2.2 Existing Conditions The study area for the Stagecoach Greenway is centrally located within the County. It begins in the Town of Lawndale and extends approximately two miles north to the Cleveland County Water Operations Facility. The study area is divided into three planning sections: 1) Lawndale; 2) Long Rock; and 3) River Point (see Map 02: Study Area Overview, p. 11). This chapter subsection provides an overview of the natural and built environments and culminates with a map series that highlights pertinent “opportunities and constraints” associated with greenway and park development.

River Point Section

Long Rock Section

Planning Team Conducting Site Analysis

10  Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants

Lawndale Section


MAP 02: STUDY AREA OVERVIEW


Lawndale Section Overview The southernmost planning section in the study area extends north from the intersection of West Main and Blanton Streets to the intersection of Grigg Street and Casar-Lawndale Road. This section includes property owned by Cleveland County Water on the west side of the river just north of the West Main and Blanton Street intersection. Directly across the river is a CCW owned parcel accessed from East Main Street north of the River. The planning section corridor continues north along the First Broad River and Main Street through the Town Center of Lawndale. A third undeveloped parcel owned by CCW is located north of Grigg Street behind the Town Center and stretches upstream. The Lawndale planning section features direct public access to the First Broad River and provides access to commercial businesses along Main Street.

Natural Environment Hydrology and Floodplain The Lawndale planning section features approximately 0.5 miles of the First Broad River beginning at the Main Street bridge. Two small tributaries enter the River from forested and agricultural lands to the west. The First Broad features a wide floodplain east of the river on the CCW property next to the bridge and a much narrower floodplain on the west side of the river. Upstream the floodplain narrows on the east side of the river as it widens on the west side. The floodway, which includes the channel of the river plus any adjacent floodplain areas that must be kept free from structures and encroachments, approximately follows the floodplain

boundary on the east side of the river in this planning section (See Appendix I, p. 86). Due to floodplain development regulations, construction, placement of fill, or similar alteration of topography within the floodway will require detailed engineering studies and may be prohibited. This will present a challenge to park development in this area. Topography and Streambank The topography in the Lawndale planning section is generally flat as it approaches the floodplain and streambank. The streambank throughout this planning section is moderately steep with occasional rock outcroppings. An existing sand mine on the CCW property has created a gently graded “beach” on that section of the First Broad River.

Soil According to the National Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), there are six different soil types in the Lawndale planning section (See Appendix II, p. 87). The park properties within this planning section are primarily comprised of soil types classified as Pacolet Sandy Clay Loams (PaC2 and PaD2) Udorthents (UdC), and Pacolet - Saw (PtD). Generally speaking, the soils in this planning section are sandy and classified as moderately eroded. According to the NRCS soil survey reports, the soils are generally rated as being somewhat to very limited for park development due to soil characteristics and slope.

The east side of the First Broad River in the Lawndale planning section features a wide floodplain and floodway which will present a challenge to park development. 12  Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants


Built Environment Main Street The Lawndale planning section features a residential area along West Main Street which transitions into a mix of commercial and residential development along East Main Street in the Lawndale Town Center. Building frontage is located a short distance from the road with short sections of non-continuous sidewalk located on the west side of Main Street. Grigg Street leaves Main Street to the north and provides a short bypass around the Town Center to connect to Casar-Lawndale Road.

Main Street Looking Southeast

Boy Scout Hut The Boy Scout Hut, a small two-story structure in fair condition, is located off Blanton Street on the south side of the First Broad River. The hut was utilized in the past for community gatherings and most recently as meeting space for a local boy scout troop. Sandbar Property The CCW owned Sandbar property is located on approximately eight acres between East Main Street and the First Broad River. Several features of the built environment remain from previous land uses on the property.

Existing Boy Scout Hut

The Quonset Hut, a prefabricated corrugated galvanized steel structure, sits on a concrete pad in the interior of the property and is in good condition. South of the entrance to the property, an existing septic system served a small house and one mobile home. An old stone wall is located in the same area and served as a retaining wall for the site of an old blacksmith shop that was formerly located on the property. An area of the property along the river known as the sandbar has historically been utilized as a fishing and swimming area for local residents. Currently, a local construction company has a permit to mine sand from the area.

Existing Quonset Hut

Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants  13


E X H I B I T 0 2 : L AW N D A L E O P P O R T U N I T I E S A N D C O N S T R A I N T S

Opportunities

Constraints

Environmental features or community assets that are optimal for trail development and connectivity.

Natural or built features that present challenges, but do not necessarily preclude trail development.

1

Wide Shoulders & Existing Sidewalk

1

Narrow Road Widths & Private Residences

2

Cleveland County Water (CCW) Owned Parcel; Scout Hut Property

2

Intersection; No Existing Pedestrian Crossing Infrastructure

3

Large Undeveloped Parcel With Accessible River Frontage Owned by CCW

3

Narrow Road Width Along Garver St

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Wide Road Widths & Existing Sidewalk

4

Steep Banks & Private Residences

5

Existing Access to CCW Owned Property

5

Designated Wetland Area

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Undeveloped Parcel Owned by CCW

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Majority of CCW Owned Parcel in 100 Year Flood Plain

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Wide Road Widths & Existing Sidewalk

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Wide Section of First Broad River; Would Require Large Suspension Bridge

8

Potential to Close Road to Through Traffic for On-Street Parking & Pedestrian Access

8

Private Parcels

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Undeveloped Parcel Owned by Cleveland County Water (CCW)

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Restricted Access; No Public Use of Yelton St

10

Excellent River View to the North

10

High Traffic Volume Along E Main St/HWY 182

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Private Parcels Prevent Alignment Along River Frontage

12

Steep Slopes & Unstable Banks

3

Cleveland County Water controls a large undeveloped parcel with significant river frontage.

1

Narrow road widths and tight parcelization present a barrier to alignment along Blanton St.

4

E Main St offers wide road widths with potential for a road diet and multi-use path installation.

11

Private parcels present challenge to trail alignment along the river to the north of proposed Lawndale Park.

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Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants  15


Long Rock Section Overview The central planning section extends from the intersection of Grigg Street and Casar-Lawndale Road in Lawndale to the intersection of Belwood-Lawndale and Casar-Lawndale Roads. The land between the First Broad River and Casar-Lawndale Road in this section is owned and managed by Cleveland County Water. The portion of this property from Lawndale to Maple Creek is a thin strip of land between the river and the road referred to as “the narrows”. The property widens north of Maple Creek and provides direct access to the First Broad River and views of the Long Rock geologic feature on the west side of the river.

Natural Environment Hydrology and Floodplain The Long Rock planning section features approximately 0.5 miles of the First Broad River. Maple Creek and two unnamed tributaries enter the river from primarily forested lands to the east. The First Broad features a narrow floodplain area that fills the area between the river and Casar-Lawndale Road. North of Maple Creek the floodplain widens to cover a majority of the property except for a flat area adjacent to the road. The floodway boundary on the east side of the river remains a consistent distance of approximately 75 feet from the river centerline beginning at Grigg Street through “the narrows” and almost doubles in width as it approaches Maple Creek (See Appendix I, p. 86). Due to the

close proximity of Casar-Lawndale Road to the floodway boundary, greenway development will require construction methods that minimize impact to the streambank and adjacent terrain. Topography and Steambank This central planning section includes an area known as “the narrows” located between the First Broad River and Casar-Lawndale Road from Grigg Street to Maple Creek. The streambank throughout this section is steep and appears to be unstable. Space is limited between the River and the road which will present a challenge to greenway development. The topography widens and flattens near the road north of Maple Creek while the streambank remains steep.

Limited space in “the narrows” between the First Broad River and Casar-Lawndale Road will present a challenge to greenway development. 16  Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants

Soil According to the National Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), there are three different soil types in the Long Rock planning section (See Appendix II, p. 87). Soil types classified as Toccoa Loam (ToA), Pacolet Saw (PtD), and Pacolet Saw (PsC2) are found in the Long Rock study area. Generally speaking, the soils in this planning section are sandy and loamy and classified as being occasionally flooded, stony, or moderately eroded as you move away from the First Broad River. According to the NRCS soil survey reports, the soils are generally rated as being somewhat to very limited for park development due to soil characteristics and slope.


Built Environment NCDOT Road Casar-Lawndale Road is located within this planning section alongside the area known as “the narrows”. This two-lane road sits on a narrow shelf between the river and steep slopes to the east. Existing Long Rock Swimming Area & Parking The Long Rock geologic feature on the west side of the river has historically attracted locals as a gathering and swimming area. The wide, flat area across the river from the Long Rock currently serves as convenient parking for those enjoying the river for swimming or paddling.

The Long Rock geological feature has historically attracted locals as a gathering and swimming area.

Existing On-Site Septic A septic system located on the wide flat area just north of Maple Creek once served two mobile homes and still exists on the site.

Existing Flat Area within the CCW Property along Casar-Lawndale Road

Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants  17


EXHIBIT 03: LONG ROCK OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS

Opportunities

Constraints

Environmental features or community assets that are optimal for trail development and connectivity.

Natural or built features that present challenges, but do not necessarily preclude trail development.

1

Long Rock Geologic Feature; Locally Known Rock Outcropping

1

High Speed Rural Road with Narrow Shoulders; Pinch Point

2

DOT Fill Slope Over Box Culvert; Potential for Boardwalk Crossing

2

Steep, Unstable Banks

3

CCW Owned River Front Property

3

Maple Creek Crossing; Steep Unstable Banks

4

Flat Graded Area with Existing Septic

4

Flood-Prone Area

5

River Access Potential

6

Beech Tree Overlook; Locally Known Vista

7

Recent CCW Property Acquisition

1

5

The space between Casar-Lawndale Rd and the box culvert provide an opportunity for a boardwalk crossing over Maple Creek.

The parcel north of Maple Creek is owned by CCW, has existing septic, and offers a view of Long Rock.

18  Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants

3

4

Steep, unstable banks and a narrow shoulder can be found along Casar-Lawndale Rd Between Grigg St & Maple Creek.

Steep, unstable banks at the Maple Creek/First Broad confluence & a DOT fill slope present challenges to trail alignment.


Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants  19


River Point Section Overview The northernmost planning section in the study area extends along the First Broad River from the intersection of BelwoodLawndale and Casar-Lawndale Roads north to the Cleveland County Water Operations Facility. The River Point planning section contains approximately 45 acres of vacant forested land managed by Cleveland County Water that is available for recreational trail development.

Natural Environment Hydrology and Floodplain

Topography and Steambank

Soil

The River Point planning section features approximately one mile of the First Broad River. A prominent bend in the river gives this section its name. Knob Creek and two unnamed tributaries enter the river from the east. Three unnamed tributaries enter the river from forested lands to the west. An extensive floodplain exists along the First Broad River in the southern and northwestern sections of this planning section. The floodway in this section remains narrow.

The northern planning section contains the most diverse topography of the study area. A prominent ridge and knobs are surrounded by steeper slopes that lead down to Knob Creek and the First Broad River. The streambank varies from steep to flat along the length of the river.

According to the National Resource Conservation Service (NRCS), there are six different soil types in the River Point planning section (See Appendix II, p. 87). The portion of CCW property that is available for recreational development is primarily comprised of soil types classified as Toccoa Loam (ToA), Pacolet Sandy Clay Loams (PaC2 and PaD2), Pacolet Saw (PtD), and Cecil Sandy Clay Loam (CaB2). Generally speaking, the soils in this planning section are classified as being occasionally flooded, moderately eroded, or stony. According to the NRCS soil survey reports, the soils are generally rated as being somewhat to very limited for park development due to soil characteristics and slope.

The River Point planning section contains the most diverse topography of the study area.

20  Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants


Built Environment Cleveland County Water Operations The Cleveland County Water Operations Center comprises a majority of the River Point planning section and includes the CCW offices, two impoundments, maintenance yard, access road, and water intake area. Improvements currently planned for the existing water intake need to be completed before

greenway development can begin in this area. Additional fencing will be needed to direct visitors away from areas that don’t allow public access, and existing fencing may require relocation.

CCW Operations Center and Offices

Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants  21


EXHIBIT 04: RIVER POINT OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS

Opportunities

Constraints

Environmental features or community assets that are optimal for trail development and connectivity.

Natural or built features that present challenges, but do not necessarily preclude trail development.

1

Knob Creek Narrows; Optimal Bridge Location

1

CCW Intake Area Must be Gated; No Public Access

2

Large, Mostly Undeveloped Parcel Owned by Cleveland County Water (CCW)

2

Steep Slopes Leading Up to Access Road

3

Undeveloped Parcel Owned by CCW; Ideal Trailhead Location

3

Wide Knob Creek Crossing; Potentially Unstable Banks

4

Existing Road Bed

4

CCW Operations Access Road

5

Easement Across Private Property Acquired

5

CCW Main Operations Site; No Public Access

6

Existing Gravel Path on CCW Operations Site; No Public Access

7

Private Parcel

1

2

There is a narrow area on Knob Creek near the CCW intake that is ideal for bridge placement.

Part of the CCW operations site property includes undeveloped, river front woodlands ideal for trail development.

22  Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants

1

The CCW operations site water intake must be avoided to prevent public access.

4

The CCW water intake access road must be crossed and the approach from Knob Creek is steep.


Chapter 2: Site Analysis and Design Determinants  23



3 PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT AND OUTREACH 3.1 Tools of the Trade 3.2 Greenway Steering Committee 3.3 Public Meeting This chapter outlines citizen input, led by a greenway steering committee, that was obtained throughout the planning process. The chapter provides an overview of public engagement tools, steering committee meetings, and the public meeting conducted to gather input on the draft plan.


3.1 Tools of the Trade Significant efforts were made to effectively communicate the vision for the new Stagecoach Greenway and engage area residents. A project brand, promotional video, and a website were used to disseminate plan information. The custom video features a brief history of the Town of Lawndale and

Stills from the Stagecoach Greenway Promotional Video and Project Website

26  Chapter 3: Public Engagement and Outreach

highlights the opportunity for community revitalization. The project website, www.stagecoachgreenway.com, introduces the proposed greenway trail, parks, and recreational amenities with illustrative master plans for each project site.


3.2 Greenway Steering Committee The Cleveland County Greenway Steering Committee for the Stagecoach Greenway Master Plan included members that represented the Cleveland County Water Board of Commissioners, Cleveland County Schools, Lawndale Historical Society, Lawndale Town Council, and community citizens.

Meeting #1: August 26, 2020 The first greenway steering committee meeting included a review of park concepts and designs, and discussions about branding and artistic direction. Committee members provided general support and feedback on the park concepts and agreed on a “post-industrial” artistic direction. After a discussion about the greenway and initial project name, First Broad River Greenway, the committee encouraged the consultant team to brainstorm alternatives.

Meeting #2: October 28, 2020 The second greenway steering committee meeting included a presentation of the draft brand identity, promotional video, and website. The committee provided feedback on the draft signage plans and revised park master plans.

Key Points

1 2 3

The committee asked the consultant team to present alternatives for the greenway and project name. The committee preferred the “post-industrial” artistic direction for branding and support facility development. The committee supported preliminary park concepts as presented and requested that additional parking be considered at Lawndale Park.

Key Points

1 2

3

The committee supported the branding package and revised park master plans as presented. The committee preferred the character of the “post-industrial” modern design theme that incorporated steel, concrete, and colored aluminum for signage and support facility development. The committee enthusiastically supported the promotional video and website.

Chapter 3: Public Engagement and Outreach  27


3.3 Public Meeting and Draft Plan The consultant team presented draft plan recommendations at a drop-in meeting on February 23, 2021. Approximately 50 citizens attended the public meeting to learn more about the proposed Stagecoach Greenway and provide comments on proposed recreational amenities and park master plans. A full list of public meeting comments can be found in Appendix IV, p. 98.

Community members review public engagement video, park master plans, sign concepts, and greenway plan. Participants provide public input and discuss the plan with CCW board members and DBD planning team.

28  Chapter 3: Public Engagement and Outreach


Chapter 3: Public Engagement and Outreach  29



4 TRAIL CHARACTER & FACILITY DESIGN GUIDELINES 4.1 Greenway Trail Types 4.2 Brand Platform & Visual Brand 4.3 Trail Support Facilities & Signage This chapter presents specific trail types that are applied throughout the corridor to support the best user experience and provides an overview of the Stagecoach Greenway brand. The branding elements guide the project’s messaging and visual communication, and the overall project brand is incorporated into the design of custom support facilities for the greenway.


4.1 Greenway Trail Types The Stagecoach Greenway will feature four (4) different primary trail types: 1) cycle track; 2) sharrows; 3) greenway; and 4) boardwalk. Specific trail types are applied according to the trail’s surrounding environment and the desired user experience.

Cycle Track

Cycle Track

A cycle track serves as a two-way bicycle path on one side of the road that is physically separated from vehicles. A cycle track is often at grade with the road, but can be on a curb with separation from the sidewalk.

Sharrows Sharrows are pavement markings that indicate a shared road for vehicles and bicycles. This trail type is most suitable on roads with low traffic volume.

Greenway A typical greenway is a 10-12 foot wide multi-use asphalt path with a 2-3 foot wide shoulder on each side. While typically constructed on flat and gradually sloped terrain, there are areas along the Stagecoach Greenway where a retaining wall will be required to mitigate steep terrain.

Sharrows

Boardwalk The boardwalk trail type is an 10-12 foot wide elevated pathway with handrails applied over uneven topography when typical greenway construction is not feasible.

Typical Greenway

Specific trail types are applied according to the trail’s surrounding environment and the desired user experience. Boardwalk

32  Chapter 4: Trail Character & Facility Design Guidlines


M A P 0 3 : G R E E N WAY T R A I L T Y P E A L I G N M E N T

Chapter 4: Trail Character & Facility Design Guidlines  33


4.2 Brand Platform & Visual Brand From Textiles to Trails The Stagecoach Greenway brand is a long term strategy for communicating and marketing the greenway trail. A short survey completed by the steering committee and Board members guided initial branding discussions (See Appendix III, p. 88). The brand development process was driven by the vision, values, and principles of various community stakeholders and the Cleveland County Water Board of Directors, and it involved assessing the Stagecoach Greenway’s unique qualities and opportunities for differentiation in relationship to other greenways and blueways in the region.

Key Positioning Statement The five mile, sixty acre, Stagecoach Greenway highlights an exceptional river, while featuring four parks, two river accesses, and a Main Street section through downtown Lawndale. Providing an unparalleled recreational experience for a rural location, the Stagecoach Greenway preserves the story of Cleveland County’s history and heritage, while paving the way to a trail town future.

Positioning Summary 1. The Stagecoach Greenway’s greatest point of differentiation is the intimate connection that it provides to the First Broad River. 2. The First Broad River is once again bringing fresh life to Cleveland County by way of outdoor recreation, enhanced quality of life, and economic development. 3. The Stagecoach Greenway is a “rural reinvention project”: a place-making initiative intended to revive the authentic community life of Lawndale and rural Cleveland County, while attracting a new generation of residents and small businesses. 4. With four parks, two river accesses, and five miles of multipurpose trail traversing sixty acres of riverside forests, which connect to the heart of Lawndale, the Stagecoach Greenway is a unique regional recreation attraction.

The Stagecoach Greenway brand represents an identity for communicating and marketing the greenway trail. 34  Chapter 4: Trail Character & Facility Design Guidlines


VI S UA L DIR ECTIO N EXHIBIT 05: VISUAL BRAND

Brand Objective

Brand Promise

The Stagecoach Greenway will highlight the agricultural and mill town heritage of Cleveland County, while inspiring future generations by connecting them to nature and to an unexpected recreational experience.

A Unique Recreational Experience.

Brand Essence

The Stagecoach Greenway will greatly enhance public access to the First Broad River, allowing future generations to benefit from the natural resource that created the community of Lawndale.

A community transformed; “From Textiles to Trails”.

Brand Goals

Unparalleled for a town of its size and rural location. Intimate Access To The River.

Preservation.

1. Leverage and transform an exceptional river into a regional recreation attraction. 2. Uphold Cleveland County’s agricultural history and Lawndale’s mill town heritage, while setting the stage for a trail town future centered around active living and outdoor recreation. 3. Inspire the community to gather together and appreciate the exceptional resource that is the First Broad River.

Of nature and of Cleveland County’s authentic agricultural history and mill town heritage. Inspiration. Inspiring pride in the past, hope for the future, and love for nature. Connection. Communities to each other, the greenway to Lawndale Town Center, people to the river, and the future to the past.

Preserve. Inspire. Connect. Chapter 4: Trail Character & Facility Design Guidlines  35


LAWNDALE PARK

LAWNDALE PARK

LAWNDALE PARK

4.3 Trail Support Facilities and Signage

The Stagecoach Greenway’s unique trail support facilities and signage help establish a sense of place and align with the Greenway’s brand. The design provides for a post-industrial modern theme that incorporates steel, concrete, and colored aluminum. Trail support facilities include park entrance signs, kiosks, confidence markers, wayfinding signage, and a variety of site furnishings.

Sign Type A: Entrance Sign

KIOSK KIOSK ENTRANCE SIGN

LAWNDALE PARK

ENTRANCE ENTRANCE SIGN SIGN

Trash Receptacles

ENTRANCE SIGN

36  Chapter 4: Trail Character & Facility Design Guidlines

Benches

KIOSK


LAWNDALE PARK BEACH

GREENWAY GREENWAY IGN MARKER MARKER

LAWNDALE PARK BEACH

Sign Type B: Kiosk

LAWNDALE PARK BEACH

FRONT

SIDE FRONT

SIDE

Bike Rack

KIOSKDIRECTIONAL CONFIDENCE CONFIDENCE GREENWAY DIRECTIONAL MARKER MARKER MARKER SIGN SIGN

LAWNDALE PARK BEACH

Sign Type C: Greenway Marker

DIRECTIONAL SIGN

LAWNDALE LAWNDALE PARK PARK BEACH BEACH

Sign Type D: Directional Sign

FRONT

SIDE

FRONT FRONT SIDE SIDE

Sign Type E:

CONFIDENCE CONFIDENCE CONFIDENCE GREENWAYGREENWAY GREENWAYDIRECTIONAL DIRECTIONAL DIRECTIONAL Confidence Marker MARKER MARKER MARKER MARKER MARKER MARKER SIGN SIGN SIGN

Chapter 4: Trail Character & Facility Design Guidlines  37


38  Chapter 4: Trail Character & Facility Design Guidlines


5 RECOMMENDATIONS & FINAL MASTER PLANS 5.1 Recommendations Overview 5.2 Lawndale 5.3 Long Rock 5.4 River Point This chapter presents the Stagecoach Greenway trail alignment and park master plans for each planning section. Recommendations are supported with renderings and site plans that communicate the vision at specific project locations.

Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  39


5.1 Recommendations Overview This chapter is organized according to three planning sections: 1) Lawndale; 2) Long Rock; and 3) River Point. Each section features a vicinity map and “quick facts” totals that summarize key elements, including greenway trail length, trail types, estimated costs, and points of interest. Recommendations for each planning section are then divided according to two sub-sections: Greenway Recommendations and Park Recommendations.

By the Numbers...

60 Acres of Conserved Land

Section 1: Lawndale

40  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans

Greenway recommendations provide a written description that outlines the greenway trail alignment and proposed trail types for that section of the trail. Park recommendations are supported with a written description that highlights the park program and needs. Each section provides supporting park master plans, precedent images, and renderings for the recommendations.

5

Miles of Trail

Section 2: Long Rock

4

Family Friendly Parks

Section 3: River Point


M A P 0 4 : R E C O M M E N D AT I O N S O V E R V I E W

Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  41


5.2 Lawndale Section Overview The Lawndale planning section extends north from the intersection of West Main and Blanton Streets south of the First Broad River to the intersection of Grigg Street and Casar-Lawndale Road. This section features two parks, Lawndale Town Center, the greenway, and a connector trail.

Quick Facts Greenway Length: 1,180 ft. Trail Types: Cycle Track Sharrows Estimated Costs: Lawndale Park $1,544,642 Stagecoach Greenway $375,808 Lawndale Town Center $984,375 Scout Hut Park $1,103,952 Points of Interest: Lawndale Park Lawndale Town Center Scout Hut Park

Greenway Recommendations The Stagecoach Greenway begins at the entrance to Lawndale Park and extends north along the west side of Main Street to its intersection with Grigg Street. Pedestrians will follow the greenway along the existing sidewalk, and cyclists will utilize a cycle track created by a “road diet” along Main Street. The “road diet” will encompass narrowing the width of vehicular travel lanes and removing onstreet parking. This trail segment will require a partnership between the Town of Lawndale and NCDOT. The Stagecoach Greenway will continue north and east following sharrows along Grigg Street to its intersection with Casar-Lawndale Road. Pedestrians may continue along Main Street to the Lawndale Town Center, then turn north on Casar-Lawndale Road to return to the greenway. A spur trail side path is proposed to connect the greenway from the entrance of Lawndale Park to Scout Hut Park utilizing the Town’s existing sidewalk system. Another spur trail will connect the Stagecoach Greenway to the existing Piedmont Park.

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Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  43


Scout Hut Park Scout Hut Park is located on Blanton Street, south of the First Broad River directly across from Lawndale Park. It encompasses approximately 4.84 acres and an existing building that totals approximately 1,775 square feet. The Park features connectivity to the Stagecoach Greenway with a spur trail side path along Main Street. Key park elements include Scout Hut building enhancements, amphitheater with stage and patio, gathering space with fire pit, and natural surface loop trail.

1 2 3 4

Scout Hut Park Key Map

44  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans

Scout Hut Building Enhancements Proposed enhancements to the existing Scout Hut building include a wrap-around deck, rear patio, and aesthetic improvements. Amphitheater and Stage An amphitheater and stage are proposed adjacent to the Scout Hut building and provide space for educational programs and entertainment events. Gathering Area, Firepit, and Natural Surface Loop Trail A small gathering area with a firepit is proposed on the north side of the Scout Hut building. The entrance to a 0.25 mile long natural surface loop trail that provides views of the First Broad River is located in this area. Expanded Parking and Increased Accessibility The existing single lane road is expanded and provides for two lanes including approximately 35 parking spaces. A small parking area is proposed across from the Scout Hut building to provide for additional ADA and service parking. A roundabout located between the two parking areas will provide for a turn-around area and bus parking.


E X H I B I T 0 6 : S C O U T H U T PA R K M A S T E R P L A N

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Lawndale Park The proposed Lawndale Park is located on Main Street in the heart of the Town of Lawndale. This approximately seven acre parcel will serve as a Stagecoach Greenway trailhead and community park. Key park elements include a riverfront beach, paddle access, visitor orientation area, picnic platforms, and trail loop.

1

2

3 Lawndale Park Key Map

4 5

6 Paddle Access Precedent

7 8

Riverfront Beach Precedent

46  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans

Riverfront Beach Area A swim beach is planned along the existing open sandy area on the banks of the First Broad River. Paddle Access Area A river access area is proposed on the northernmost section of the park. The access has a separate entrance from the swim beach to allow paddlers direct access to the First Broad River. In combination with planned access areas upstream, Lawndale Park will serve as the temporary terminus of an approximately 10.5 mile paddle trail beginning at NC Hwy 10 (See Appendix V, p. 99). Visitor Orientation Area A visitor orientation area is located at the entrance to Lawndale Park. This area will serve as the southern terminus of the Stagecoach Greenway and feature an informational kiosk and small parking area. Walking Loop and Picnic Platforms A short walking loop with six picnic platforms is planned in the southern portion of the park around an existing wooded area. The loop features an extension to the Main Street bridge for future development of the Stagecoach Greenway south along the First Broad River. Fishing Area A small fishing area is provided along the First Broad River south of the riverfront beach area. Restroom and Existing Maintenance Facility A restroom facility is planned next to an existing Quonset Hut that will be utilized as a maintenance facility. Open Green and Overflow Parking An open green is located in the southern portion of the park between the river and walking loop. This area also serves as an overflow parking area with approximately 60 parking spaces. One-Way Parking Loop A one-way parking loop offering approximately 90 parking spaces is proposed on the northern half of the park. The loop provides drop off zones for the paddle access and beach area and pedestrian connectivity between all park elements.


E X H I B I T 0 7 : L AW N D A L E PA R K M A S T E R P L A N

2

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GARVER S

T.

Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  47


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Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  49


Lawndale Park will serve as a community park and trailhead for the Stagecoach Greenway.

50  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans


Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  51


Lawndale Town Center The Lawndale Town Center is a historical commercial area that stretches between East Main Street, Casar-Lawndale Road, and Grigg Street. A proposed streetscape plan includes pedestrian improvements that will provide ample space for benches, plazas, and greenscape elements (See Exhibit 9: Lawndale Town Center Streetscape, p. 55). Partnerships between private property owners, the Town of Lawndale, and the NC Department of Transportation will be crucial to implement the proposed streetscape and promote revitalization efforts. Key elements of the Lawndale Town Center include an improved streetscape, overlook with stage, open lawn, covered seating, outdoor movie screen, and outdoor dining.

1 2 3 4 5 6

Lawndale Town Center Key Map

7 8

Outdoor Dining Precedent

Outdoor Movie Screen Precedent

52  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans

9

Streetscape The proposed streetscape along Main Street will promote revitalization efforts in the Town core. A ten foot wide sidewalk and tree lined paver strip provides an attractive and safe setting for pedestrians and businesses. Grigg Street Enhancements The Stagecoach Greenway follows sharrows, pavement markings that indicate a shared road for vehicles and bicycles, along Grigg Street. Additional parking may be located along the western end of Grigg Street to serve businesses and greenway users. Open Lawn An open lawn is proposed behind the commercial buildings on East Main Street and Casar-Lawndale Road. Vegetative buffers planted alongside the lawn will minimize disturbance to adjacent properties. Overlook with Stage A stage with overlook located at the north end of the open lawn provides views of the river and a space for performances and gatherings. Outdoor Movie Screen An outdoor movie screen located at south end of the open lawn and attached to the side of the building located at 305 Casar-Lawndale Road provides an area for outdoor viewings. Covered Trellised Seating Covered seating is proposed just southwest of the lawn to allow visitors to view either the stage or outdoor movie screen. Outdoor Dining Existing vacant frontage on Casar-Lawndale Road will provide space for outdoor seating and or dining in the heart of Lawndale. Gateways Three planned gateways welcome visitors from the north, west, and east as they enter the business district of Lawndale. Enhanced Main Street - Casar-Lawndale Road intersection An enhanced intersection with sidewalks, crosswalks, and a gateway will slow down motorists as they enter the Town Center and provide a safer pedestrian experience.


EXHIBIT 08: TOWN CENTER MASTER PLAN

A RO B T

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Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  53


Making the Town Center Connection

As the Stagecoach Greenway leaves Lawndale Park, it extends north along the west side of Main Street to Grigg Street. Pedestrians will follow the existing sidewalk, and cyclists will utilize a cycle track. The cycle track allows two-way bike traffic that is physically separated from vehicles. It is often at grade with the road, but can also be located on a curb. A “road diet” that encompasses narrowing the width of vehicular travel lanes and removing onstreet parking will be required for this section of the greenway. The greenway follows Grigg Street to minimize conflict between pedestrians, cyclists, and businesses along Main Street. Pedestrians may continue along Main Street to explore the Lawndale Town Center, and cyclists can safely park their bikes at bike racks located on either end. The proposed streetscape within the Lawndale Town Center presents two options (See Exhibit 09: Lawndale Town Center Streetscape, p.55). An eight foot wide shy zone next to the commercial buildings would provide space for benches, plazas, and greenscape elements without interfering with pedestrian traffic. A ten foot wide sidewalk with a four foot wide tree lined paver strip next to the road would adjoin the frontage zone. This option would allow two travel lanes for vehicular traffic and a six-foot wide sidewalk with two-foot wide tree lined paver strip on the east side of Main Street.

Lawndale Town Center and Trail Types Key Map

A ten foot wide sidewalk next to the commercial buildings and four foot wide tree lined paver strip next to the road would allow for on-street parking in the Lawndale Town Center. A six foot wide sidewalk with two foot wide tree lined paver strip would adjoin parallel parking on the east side of East Main Street.

Existing Conditions on Main St. at Proposed Cycle Track Location

Existing Conditions on Grigg St. for Proposed Sharrows

54  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans


E X H I B I T 0 9 : L AW N D A L E T O W N C E N T E R S T R E E T S C A P E

Existing Conditions on E Main St. through Lawndale Town Center Section Through Section the Through Intersection the Intersection of E. Mainof Street E. Main andStreet Casarand CasarFIRSTFIRST BROAD BROAD SECTION SECTION LawndaleLawndale Road Looking RoadEast Looking East

EXISTING EXISTING CONDITIONS CONDITIONS

EXISTING EXISTING CONDITIONS CONDITIONS

11’-6” Sidewalk

8’ 10’ 8’ 17’ 11’-6” 10’ 8’ 10’ 8’ 10’ 17’ ParkLane Isle Travel Travel Lane Lane Travel Sidewalk Park Isle Travel Park Lane Park Sidewalk Sidewalk Isle Isle 6” Curb 6” Curb 6” Curb 6” Curb

PROPOSEDPROPOSED CONDITIONS CONDITIONS OPTION A OPTION A

8’ Shy Zone

11’-6” Sidewalk

8’ 10’ 8’ 10’ 8’ 10’ 8’ 17’ 11’-6” 10’ 17’ Park Isle Travel ParkLane Isle Travel Travel Lane Lane Travel Park Lane Park Sidewalk Sidewalk Sidewalk Isle Isle 6” Curb 6” Curb 6” Curb 6” Curb

PROPOSEDPROPOSED CONDITIONS CONDITIONS OPTION B OPTION B

10’8’ 10’ 11’ 11’ 11’ 11’ Greenway Greenway Travel Lane Travel Shy TravelLane Lane Travel Lane Varied WidthVaried Width Zone 6’ Sidewalk 6’ Sidewalk Private Commercial Private Commercial 2’-6” Curb and 2’-6” Gutter Curb and Gutter Paver Area Paver Area 2’ Paver Strip2’ Paver Strip 4’ Paver Strip4’ Paver Strip 2’-6” Curb and Gutter 2’-6” Curb and Gutter

Streetscape Option A: No On-Street Parking

11’ 11’ 10’ 11’ 9’ 10’ 11’ 9’ Travel Lane Travel Greenway Greenway TravelLane Lane Travel Park Isle Lane Park Isle 2’-6” Curb and Gutter 2’-6” Curb and Gutter 4’ Paver Strip4’ Paver Strip

Varied WidthVaried Width 6’ Sidewalk 6’ Sidewalk Private Private CommercialCommercial 2’ Paver Strip2’ Paver Strip Paver Area Paver Area

2’-6” Curb and 2’-6” Gutter Curb and Gutter

Streetscape Option B: Single Side On-Street Parking

Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  55


56  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans


Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  57


Partnerships will be crucial to implement the proposed streetscape and promote revitalization efforts in the Lawndale Town Center.

58  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans


Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  59


5.3 Long Rock Section Overview The Long Rock planning section extends from the intersection of Grigg Street and Casar-Lawndale Road to the intersection of Belwood-Lawndale and CasarLawndale Roads. This section features the Stagecoach Greenway through “the narrows” and one park.

Quick Facts Greenway Length: 3,000 ft. Trail Types: Greenway with retaining wall, Boardwalk Estimated Costs: Long Rock Park $1,333,904 Stagecoach Greenway $1,356,800 Points of Interest: The Narrows Long Rock Park

Greenway Recommendations The Stagecoach Greenway continues north from Grigg Street between the First Broad River and Casar-Lawndale Road. The thin strip of land located between the river and road from Grigg Street to Maple Creek is referred to as “the narrows”. This section of the greenway is one of the most environmentally challenging areas for greenway development within the entire study area (See Exhibit 10: A Challenging Connection, p. 62). The width of “the narrows” between the river and the road varies from approximately 45 to 115 feet. The NCDOT right of way extends 30 feet from the centerline of the road. The streambank throughout this section is steep and appears to be unstable. Due to the topographical constraints of “the narrows,” a boardwalk will be constructed through areas where the terrain doesn’t allow for a retaining wall and typical asphalt greenway. The greenway will pass along the eastern edge of Long Rock Park before continuing north along the First Broad River. This trail segment is located entirely on land or easements controlled by Cleveland County Water.

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Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  61


A Challenging Connection

Due to the proposed location of the Stagecoach Greenway in the 100-year flood plain, there are two options for construction of the trail through “the narrows”. A ten foot wide boardwalk system could be supported on deep foundations that would consist of driven piles or drilled piers. The boardwalk would be constructed from the top down which would minimize impact to the terrain and disturbance to traffic on Casar-Lawndale Road. Another option would involve the construction of a combination foundation and retaining wall to support the greenway along the fill slope of Casar-Lawndale Road. The wall would allow for construction of a typical greenway in these sections and would also minimize interruption to traffic on the road. Key Map to Show Trail Type Locations

Section Elevation of Retained Greenway

Plan Section of Retained Greenway

62  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans


EXHIBIT 10: A CHALLENGING CONNECTION

Cut Section of Trail Types from Road to River

Section Elevation of Boardwalk

Plan Section of Boardwalk

Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  63


Long Rock Park The proposed Long Rock Park is located on Casar-Lawndale Road near its intersection with Belwood-Lawndale Road. The approximately 6.5 acre park will provide river access and short nature trail opportunities. Key park elements include trailhead with restrooms, kiosk, and picnic shelter, paddle/river access area with streambank stabilization, and enhanced lookout with upstream views of the First Broad River.

1 2 3 4 5

Long Rock Key Map

64  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans

Paddle/River Access Area and Streambank Stabilization An access area is proposed upstream of the Long Rock geological feature. This area can be developed independently or incorporated into a larger streambank stabilization project. Trailhead with Kiosk, Picnic Shelter, and Restrooms A trailhead located near Casar-Lawndale Road provides a picnic shelter, restrooms, parking, and direct access to the Stagecoach Greenway. Enhanced River Lookout Enhancements to an existing informal lookout area are planned to provide upstream views of the river. Visitors will be able to access the lookout from the greenway or river access parking area. Trail Access to Maple Creek A short nature trail leads to the bank of Maple Creek.

Parking Parking is located at the trailhead area near CasarLawndale Road. A one-way parking loop offering approximately 30 parking spaces is proposed in the core of the property to access the paddle/river access area.


E X H I B I T 1 1 : L O N G R O C K PA R K M A S T E R P L A N

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Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  67


Long Rock Park will provide river access, a river lookout, and short nature trail opportunities.

68  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans


Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  69


5.4 River Point Section Overview

The River Point planning section extends along the First Broad River from the intersection of Belwood-Lawndale and Casar-Lawndale Roads north to the Cleveland County Water Operations Facility. This section features the greenway trail, a significant bridged crossing of Knob Creek, a natural surface trail system, and trailhead.

Quick Facts Greenway Length: 6,500 ft. Trail Types: Typical Greenway Estimated Costs: River Point Trailhead $322,113 Stagecoach Greenway $1,449,600 Natural Surface Trail System $202,752 Points of Interest: Bridge Crossing of Knob Creek River Point Trail System River Point Trailhead

Greenway Recommendations The Stagecoach Greenway continues north from the intersection of BelwoodLawndale and Casar-Lawndale Roads and Long Rock Park. A typical asphalt greenway will follow the First Broad River to its confluence with Knob Creek. A bridge will be required to cross Knob Creek just north of the Cleveland County Water intake area. The trail will continue north and climb between Knob Creek and a prominent ridge with a CCW service road. From the ridgeline, the greenway will descend to the First Broad River avoiding the CCW operations area before turning north to terminate at the River Point Trailhead. A section of the trail will require an easement on private lands as it passes around a CCW reservoir. The remainder of this trail segment is located on land controlled by Cleveland County Water. Fencing will be used to restrict public access to the CCW operations areas.

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Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans  71


w

River Point Trail System The proposed River Point trail system will be located on approximately 45 acres of vacant forested land adjacent to the CCW operations facilities. The trail system will feature three miles of natural surface trails that could be single or multiple use for hikers and bikers.

River Point Trailhead The planned River Point Trailhead is located on Casar-Lawndale Road north of the Cleveland County Water office. The trailhead serves as the northern terminus of the Stagecoach Greenway. Key park elements include a trailhead plaza and parking area.

1

2 3 Multiple-Use Permeable Paving Precedent

4

Trailhead Plaza with Restrooms The trailhead plaza is proposed in the northwestern corner of the parking area and include restrooms and a visitor orientation area with kiosk. Parking A two-way parking loop provides approximately 31 spaces. The parking area can also serve as an educational opportunity to demonstrate environmentally friendly methods of managing stormwater runoff. Stagecoach Greenway This section of greenway leads trail users through a wooded setting away from the river. Natural Surface Trail System Three miles of natural surface trails will provide a variety of trail experiences.

Bioswale Precedent

1

2

Restroom Precedent

72  Chapter 5: Recommendations & Final Master Plans


EXHIBIT 12: RIVER POINT TRAILHEAD AND TRAIL SYSTEM MASTER PLAN

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6 IMPLEMENTATION 6.1 Physical Needs Summary and Estimate of Probable Costs Ș Lawndale Ș Long Rock Ș River Point 6.2 Prioritization 6.3 General Implementation Recommendations The Stagecoach Greenway Master Plan presents a bold vision for park and greenway development along the First Broad River and in the Town of Lawndale. This chapter presents general implementation recommendations and highlights potential grant funding partners. It also presents a summary of recommendations, estimate of probable costs, and prioritization strategy.

Chapter 6: Implementation  77


6.1 Physical Needs Summary and Estimate of Probable Costs Each greenway section and park recommendation is organized according to planning section: 1) Lawndale; 2) Long Rock; and 3) River Point. The proposed parks and segments of the Stagecoach Greenway are summarized separately to allow for phased implementation.

Lawndale Planning Section The Lawndale planning section features Lawndale Park, Scout Hut Park, and the Lawndale Town Center. The Stagecoach Greenway includes a cycle-track along Main Street and sharrows on Grigg Street.

E X H I B I T 1 3 : L AW N D A L E P L A N N I N G S E C T I O N E S T I M AT E O F P R O B A B L E C O S T S Lawndale Park Item Site Prep & Erosion Control

Unit

Quantity

LS

1

Unit Cost

Total Cost

$85,000

$85,000

Access Road and Parking Areas Asphalt

SY

4625

$26.00

$120,250

Curb and Gutter - 24”

LF

3300

$12.00

$39,600

LF

2075

EA

5

Striping Signs

$1.35

$2,801

$300.00

$1,500

River Access Grading, Trail, and Steps

LS

1

$55,000

$55,000

Signage/Site Furnishings

LS

1

$30,000

$30,000

Riverfront Beach

LS

1

$10,000

$10,000

Restrooms

LS

1

$175,000

$175,000

$10,000

$10,000

$15

$270,000

Maintenance Facility

LS

1

Open Green

SF

18000

Visitor Orientation Center and Parking

LS

1

$75,000

$75,000

Picnic Platforms

EA

8

$200

$1,600

$10,000

$10,000

$120

$306,000

Fishing Area

LS

1

Sidewalks and Trail Loop

LF

2550

Landscaping

LS

1

$15,000

$15,000

Subtotal

$1,206,751

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$241,350

Construction Management (3%)

$36,203

Contingency (5%)

$60,338 Total

$1,544,642

Greenway and Trails Item

Unit

Quantity

LS

1

Unit Cost

Total Cost

Section 1: Lawndale Site Prep

$125,000

New sidewalk

LS

450

$120

$54,000

Cycle Track

LF

450

$250

$112,500

Sharrows*

LS

1

$2,100

$2,100

Subtotal

$293,600

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$58,720

Construction Oversight (3%)

$8,808

Contingency (5%)

$14,680 Total

*Assumes Grigg Street Route

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$125,000

$375,808


E X H I B I T 1 3 : L AW N D A L E P L A N N I N G S E C T I O N E S T I M AT E O F P R O B A B L E C O S T S ( C O N T I N U E D ) Scout Hut Park Item

Unit

Quantity

LS

1

Asphalt

SY

Curb and Gutter - 24” Striping

Site Prep & Erosion Control

Unit Cost

Total Cost

$150,000

$150,000

3330

$26.00

$86,580

LF

1025

$12.00

$12,300

LF

950

$1.35

$1,283

Amphitheater with Stage

LS

1

$75,000

$75,000

Scout Hut Building Enhancements

LS

1

$50,000

$50,000

Expanded Two-Lane Road and Parking

Exterior Building Improvements Patio

SF

1500

$30

$45,000

Wrap-around Deck

SF

1000

$15

$15,000

Gathering space with Fire Pit

LS

1

$25,000

$25,000

Natural Surface Loop Trail

LF

1150

$10

$11,500

Sidewalks

LF

1050

$120

$126,000

Signage/Site Furnishings

LS

1

Spur/ Sidewalk Connector to Lawndale Park

LF

2040

$20,000

$20,000

$120

$244,800

Subtotal

$862,463

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$172,493

Construction Management (3%)

$25,874

Contingency (5%)

$43,123 Total

$1,103,952

Town Center and Streetscape Item

Unit

Quantity

Site Prep & Erosion Control

LS

1

$75,000

$75,000

Overlook with Stage*

LS

1

$150,000

$150,000

Open Lawn*

LS

1

$10,000

$10,000

$20,000

$20,000

$25

$87,500

$30,000

$30,000

Covered Seating

LS

1

Plaza Pavers

SF

3500

Outdoor Dining area

LS

1

Unit Cost

Total Cost

Gateways (X3)

LS

3

$10,000

$30,000

Grigg Street Enhancements (additional parking)

LS

1

$30,000

$30,000

Intersection Enhancement

LS

1

$30,000

$30,000

Curb and Gutter - 24”

LF

1000

$15.00

$15,000

Sidewalk

LF

1000

$120.00

$120,000

Lighting

EA

20

$5,000

$100,000

Street Trees, Grates, and Protection

LS

1

$70,000

$70,000

Furnishings

LS

1

$20,000

$20,000

Subtotal

$787,500

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$157,500

Contingency (5%)

$39,375 Total

$984,375

*Located on private property

Chapter 6: Implementation  79


Long Rock Planning Section The Long Rock planning section features Long Rock Park. The Stagecoach Greenway includes typical greenway with retaining wall and boardwalk. The greenway will require considerable engineering and cost due to the terrain.

EXHIBIT 14: LONG ROCK PLANNING SECTION E S T I M AT E O F P R O B A B L E C O S T S Long Rock Park Item

Unit

Quantity

Unit Cost

Total Cost

Site Prep & Erosion Control

LS

1

$100,000

$100,000

Streambank Stabilization and Paddle Access Area Enhancement

LS

1

$300,000

$300,000

Access Road and Parking Areas Asphalt

SY

3555

$26.00

$92,430

Curb and Gutter - 24”

LF

2300

$12.00

$27,600

Striping

LF

950

$1.35

$1,283

Signage/Site Furnishings

LS

1

$20,000

$20,000

Restrooms

LS

1

$125,000

$125,000

$50,000

$50,000

$30

$3,000

Picnic Shelter

LS

1

Trail to Maple Creek

LF

100

Trail to Lookout

LF

260

Lookout Enhancement

LS

1

$30

$7,800

$15,000

$15,000

Sidewalks

LF

Greenway*

LF

1250

$120

$150,000

1000

$150

$150,000

Subtotal

$1,042,113

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$208,423

Construction Management (3%)

$31,263

Contingency (5%)

$52,106 Total

$1,333,904

*This cost is also reflected in the greenway and trails budget below

Greenway and Trails Item

Unit

Quantity

Unit Cost

Total Cost

Typical Greenway

LF

1600

$150

$240,000

Greenway w/ Retaining Wall

LF

1000

$500

$500,000

Boardwalk

LF

400

Section 2: Long Rock

$800

$320,000

Subtotal

$1,060,000

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$212,000

Construction Oversight (3%)

$31,800

Contingency (5%)

$53,000 Total

80  Chapter 6: Implementation

$1,356,800


River Point Planning Section The River Point planning section features River Point Trailhead and the River Point natural surface trail system. The Stagecoach Greenway includes typical greenway and a significant bridge across Knob Creek.

EXHIBIT 15: RIVER POINT PLANNING SECTION E S T I M AT E O F P R O B A B L E C O S T S River Point Trailhead Item Site Prep & Erosion Control

Unit

Quantity

LS

1

Unit Cost

Total Cost

$50,000

$50,000

Access Road and Parking Areas Asphalt

SY

1770

$26.00

$46,020

Curb and Gutter - 24”

LF

1230

$12.00

$14,760

Striping

LF

645

$1.35

$871

Signage/Site Furnishings

LS

1

$15,000

$15,000

Restrooms

LS

1

$75,000

$75,000

Visitor Orientation Center and Trailhead Plaza

LS

1

$50,000

$50,000

Subtotal

$251,651

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$50,330

Construction Management (3%)

$7,550

Contingency (5%)

$12,583 Total

$322,113

Greenway and Trails Item

Unit

Quantity

Unit Cost

Total Cost

Section 3: River Point Greenway

LF

6500

$150

$975,000

Natural Surface Trail System

LF

15840

$10

$158,400

Bridge across Knob Creek

LS

1

$150,000

$150,000

Fencing

LF

300

$25

$7,500

Subtotal

1,290,900

Survey, Engineering, Permitting (20%)

$258,180

Construction Oversight (3%)

$38,727

Contingency (5%)

$64,545 Total

$1,652,352

Chapter 6: Implementation  81


6.2 Prioritization The parks within each planning section should be the foremost implementation priority. They will provide key trailheads with visitor information, access, and parking for the Stagecoach Greenway. Project priority is determined by the following implementation timeline: Short-term priority (0-5 years); Mid-term priority (6-10 years); and Long-term (11-15 years).

Short-Term Priority Lawndale Park will serve as a community park and primary trailhead for the Stagecoach Greenway. It is located in the heart of Lawndale and will offer a variety of recreational experiences for residents and visitors.

Short-Term 0-5 years

Mid-Term Priority Phase two includes the Stagecoach Greenway connection between Long Rock Park and the Town and the development of Long Rock Park. Cleveland County Water can utilize a variety of grant funding sources to stabilize a heavily impacted and eroded streambank and develop recreational facilities at Long Rock Park. This challenging section of the greenway alignment will require significant engineering and construction costs.

Mid-Term 6-10 years

Long-Term Priority River Point Trailhead and natural surface trail system offer an opportunity to create a stand-alone park with easy management access for Cleveland County Water staff. The Stagecoach Greenway connection between River Point Trailhead and Long Rock Park will provide residents and visitors with approximately one mile of typical greenway in a wooded setting. Scout Hut Park is located within the Town limits and will provide an intimate community gathering space with a focus on events and activities that utilize the amphitheater, stage, and Scout Hut building. Stagecoach Greenway development from Lawndale Park through the town, a spur trail to Scout Hut Park, and redevelopment of the Lawndale Town Center will require public/private partnerships between the Town of Lawndale, NCDOT, and private property owners. Cleveland County Water does not control the properties where development is proposed.

82  Chapter 6: Implementation

Long-Term 11-15 years


6.3 General Implementation Recommendations A diverse stakeholder greenway committee should be created to guide the implementation of the Stagecoach Greenway Master Plan. A specific grant procurement strategy will depend on the committee’s ability to secure grants and matching funds.

Stagecoach Greenway Steering Committee Cleveland County Water should continue to lead the Stagecoach Greenway Master Plan effort and implementation process. A committee composed of representatives from CCW, the Town of Lawndale, NCDOT, and the local community can provide a broad funding and implementation approach.

Grant Procurement Strategy The variety of recreational facilities and the existing condition of the river, streambanks, and surrounding agricultural lands may increase the number of available grant funding sources. Environmental grants that aren’t typically associated with recreational development can often can be leveraged against grants for parks and greenways creating a matching funds source without the contribution of local dollars. See exhibit 16 below. This plan was prepared in accordance with NC Parks and Recreation Trust Fund (NCPARTF) standards. This grant source should anchor any grant procurement strategy developed by the proposed greenway steering committee.

EXHIBIT 16: POTENTIAL GRANT FUNDING SOURCES Partnership Funding Agency

Stagecoach Greenway Implications

Maximum Amount

Matching Funds Required

Deadlines

Parks and Recreation Trust Fund (PARTF)

All types of parks, trails, and recreation facilities

$500,000

50%

Early May

Recreational Trails Program (RTP)

All types of trails, greenways, and paddle access areas

$150,000

25%

Early August

Carolina Thread Trail Implementation Grant Program

Construction of segments of the Carolina Thread Trail on secured properties

$100,000

N/A

Summer

Water Resources Development Grant Program

Greenways, boardwalks, and water access areas

Varies

50%

Late December/ June

People for Bikes Community Grant

Bike Trails and Greenways

$10,000

50%

Spring/Fall

NC Land and Water Fund Formerly Clean Water Management Trust Fund (CWMTF)

Stream restoration, enhancement, or stabilization

Varies

Varies

Early February

*Revised February 2021

Chapter 6: Implementation  83


84  Chapter 6: Implementation


A APPENDIX Ș I: Non-Encroachment Areas Report Ș II: NRCS Soil Survey Report Ș III: Brand Survey Results Ș IV: Public Meeting Comments Ș V: Cleveland County River Accesses

Appendix  85


Appendix I: Non-Encroachment Areas Report SR-164

3

RS 942.71 RS 170510 RS 169944 RS 734.75

RS 171038

RD

RS 390.19

NDA LE

Knob Creek (into First Broad River)

BE

LW O

OD

-LA W

RS 117.1

CT

AWNDALE RD A R-L CA S

RS 169405

CR

OS

SB

OW

Legend

RS 168947

Approximate Non-Encroachment Area

# 220196

! .

FEMA Cross Section

04 -10 SR

FEMA Stream Centerline D Floodplain FEMALA100-yr SR

500 SR-1

! .

DAL

NCDOT Structure

RS 168232

Roads GIS Parcels QL1 LIDAR Contours Major Approximate QL1 LIDAR Contours Minor Approximate

NOTE: APPROXIMATE NON-ENCROACHMENT AREA DRAWN FOR PROJECT AREA USING FIS AND EFFECTIVE RAS MODELS AT CROSS SECTION LOCATIONS. INTERPOLATED BETWEEN SECTIONS.

RS 167481 PI E DMO

NT DR

WRAY ST

CAS

d Rive r t Broa Firs

ES ST

GR IG G

ST

BRIDG

YE

HOR DS

LT O

NS

T

MAIN ST

T

RS 166115

CLINE ST

¯

AR D

R

RS 166875

UPPER CLEVELAND TRAIL SECTION 2: LONG ROCK FEMA LIMITED DETAILED NON-ENCROACHMENT AREAS

86  Appendix

! .

V U 182

0

150

300

PRELIMINARY 7-29-2020

600 Feet


Appendix II: NRCS Soil Survey Report

Appendix  87


Appendix III: Brand Survey Results First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q1 What are the greatest assets of the Lawndale area ? Choose two: Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

Its History

Main Street Lawndale The First Broad River

It's People

The Outdoors and Recreation Other (please specify) 0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90% 100%

ANSWER CHOICES

RESPONSES

Its History

55.00%

11

Main Street Lawndale

10.00%

2

The First Broad River

90.00%

18

It's People

25.00%

5

The Outdoors and Recreation

15.00%

3

Other (please specify)

0.00%

0

Total Respondents: 20 #

OTHER (PLEASE SPECIFY)

DATE

There are no responses.

1 / 10

88  Appendix


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q2 What will be the primary benefit of the First Broad Greenway? Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

Attract Outside...

Recreation Opportunity ...

Economic Development

Entice people to relocate...

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90% 100%

ANSWER CHOICES

RESPONSES

Attract Outside Visitors

30.00%

6

Recreation Opportunity for Residents

50.00%

10

Economic Development

20.00%

4

Entice people to relocate here

0.00%

0

TOTAL

20

2 / 10

Appendix  89


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q3 Who do you want to attract to the First Broad Greenway? Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

Cleveland County...

Tourists

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90% 100%

ANSWER CHOICES

RESPONSES

Cleveland County Residents

75.00%

15

Tourists

25.00%

5

TOTAL

20

3 / 10

90  Appendix


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q4 What feeling or concept should the First Broad Greenway evoke? Please rank according to most importance, with 1 being the most important and 4 being the least. Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

Local Heritage/Tra...

Adventure

Family Fun

The Great Outdoors

0

1

2

1 Local Heritage/Tradition Adventure Family Fun The Great Outdoors

3

4

2

5

6

3

7

8

4

9

10

TOTAL

SCORE

15.00% 3

10.00% 2

20.00% 4

55.00% 11

20

1.85

10.00% 2

35.00% 7

20.00% 4

35.00% 7

20

2.20

25.00% 5

45.00% 9

30.00% 6

0.00% 0

20

2.95

50.00% 10

10.00% 2

30.00% 6

10.00% 2

20

3.00

4 / 10

Appendix  91


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q5 What visual style should the greenway's brand reflect? Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

Traditional

Modern/Contempo rary

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

60%

70%

80%

90% 100%

ANSWER CHOICES

RESPONSES

Traditional

60.00%

12

Modern/Contemporary

40.00%

8

TOTAL

20

5 / 10

92  Appendix


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q6 What makes Lawndale and/or the First Broad River unique? (describe in 1-2 sentences) Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

#

RESPONSES

DATE

1

It’s such a nice quiet town and the river is awesome

8/10/2020 11:59 AM

2

The river

8/6/2020 7:17 PM

3

The sense of the history and uniqueness of the area. The warmth and friendliness of the community around the river.

8/6/2020 10:38 AM

4

Easily seen / access right though the middle of town. Natural beauty.

8/5/2020 6:06 PM

5

The town has always clung to the river as a source of beauty and as a sense of pride that residents have access to.

8/5/2020 2:30 PM

6

The First Broad River is the defining geographical feature of Cleveland County, beginning at the headwaters in the South Mountains and running through the middle of the county, all the way to SC and the Big Broad.

8/5/2020 9:53 AM

7

The historical cotton processing, beautiful farmland

8/4/2020 7:47 PM

8

The First Broad River (from Rutherford and Cleveland County) offers a diverse ecosystem...transitioning from the mountainous plant and animal life to the piedmont. It also is rich in local history and heritage, and is free flowing.

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

9

LOCATION

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

10

Charming little town. Perfect size river for kayaking.

8/4/2020 3:33 PM

11

It is a very clean river

8/4/2020 2:59 PM

12

Potential Knobby sightings. Potential moonshine still discovery.

8/4/2020 2:21 PM

13

Not many towns have a river flowing right through it as Lawndale does.

8/4/2020 2:02 PM

14

It is a forgotten little town that has great potential to become a destination for people to come enjoy our river and learn a bit of local history as well.

8/4/2020 12:13 PM

15

It's small size, beauty and people

8/4/2020 11:37 AM

16

It is home.

8/4/2020 8:27 AM

17

Lawndale-- Potential for "historic" main street and "Mill Village" redevelopment. First Broad River-- accessible outdoor recreational opportunities.

8/3/2020 6:00 PM

18

It is such a beautiful river with its sandbars and rocky banks. It is also such a vital part of the history of Lawndale and Upper Cleveland County.

8/3/2020 5:27 PM

19

There is a lot of underdeveloped river frontage, small town feel, and potential for growth.

8/3/2020 4:45 PM

20

River Valley and seclusion with the opportunity to revamp and bring tourism to a natural river and beautiful area.

8/3/2020 4:23 PM

6 / 10

Appendix  93


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q7 What other trails or recreation areas inspire or attract you and why? Answered: 17

Skipped: 3

#

RESPONSES

DATE

1

Broad River Greenway...gorgeous

8/10/2020 11:59 AM

2

Bike trails

8/6/2020 7:17 PM

3

Thread trail in Shelby, Broad River Greenway in Boiling Springs, South Mountain State Park, etc. Places my wife and I can go and walk and enjoy nature.

8/6/2020 10:38 AM

4

French Broad River in Asheville for its natural raw beauty and plenty of activities surrounding it. Restaurants, music venues, River Arts district there.

8/5/2020 6:06 PM

5

First Broad Greenway and Blue Ridge Parkway for hiking and just being outside.

8/5/2020 2:30 PM

6

Broad River Greenway, for trails and river access.

8/5/2020 9:53 AM

7

South mountain state park, easy to difficult walking paths, well maintained, scenic beauty.

8/4/2020 7:47 PM

8

South Mountains State Park, Kings and Crowders Mountain state park, Broad River Greenway, and of course Pisgah and Nantahala.

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

9

Thermal Belt trail. Swamp Rabbit Trail.

8/4/2020 3:33 PM

10

South Mountain

8/4/2020 2:59 PM

11

Well-maintained, visually appealing trails that communicate safety are attractive to me. Like the Rail Trail in Rutherford County or the portion of Carolina Thread Trail in Shelby.

8/4/2020 2:02 PM

12

The trails in the Duke Forest in Durham are my favorite trails. They attract individuals and families and provide a chance to enjoy nature. I also like the "Fit Trail" at Holden Beach. It gives you a place to do specific exercises and options for other activities.

8/4/2020 12:13 PM

13

Good places to walk with nice surrondings. Somewhere to feel safe.

8/4/2020 11:37 AM

14

Thermal Belt Trail............being outside proximity to small towns. Virginia Creeper Trail...........being outside and proximity to small towns

8/3/2020 6:00 PM

15

I enjoy walking the track in Lawndale.

8/3/2020 5:27 PM

16

The Thread Trail going through Shelby that had the bridge provided a nice area close to home for outdoor exploration.

8/3/2020 4:45 PM

17

South Mountain

8/3/2020 4:23 PM

7 / 10

94  Appendix


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q8 Briefly describe your vision of Lawndale in 5-10 years. Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

#

RESPONSES

DATE

1

Cleaned up and prosperous

8/10/2020 11:59 AM

2

Much more small business and more aesthetically pleasing

8/6/2020 7:17 PM

3

It would be nice to have somewhere local to come and sit down and enjoy a meal or have a small venue where we could have a concert of some type. I would still like to keep the small town feel, but have more options for our families and visitors to enjoy.

8/6/2020 10:38 AM

4

Year-round bustling downtown with coffee shops, restaurants with outdoor seating, art venues/galleries, working artists demonstrating/displaying their crafts, river access, easy parking and easy walkability access to all.

8/5/2020 6:06 PM

5

I would like to see the area grow and attract visitors to have a true small town feeling, "Norman Rockwell Painting"

8/5/2020 2:30 PM

6

Revitalization of the old mill properties and other buildings along with the Greenway will bring more people to town. This will allow new businesses to open, like restaurants, shops, and a brewery.

8/5/2020 9:53 AM

7

Grocery store

8/4/2020 7:47 PM

8

I (hopefully) see a revitalization with environmentally inspired residents. Also, the new bypass will certainly bring more jobs and businesses to the area which will attract people to relocate here.

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

9

GROWTH WITH STAILL A SMALL TOWN FEEL

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

10

About the same as now except for a new trail!! Maybe a restaurant...

8/4/2020 3:33 PM

11

A people seeking God and choosing Jesus Christ for life.

8/4/2020 2:59 PM

12

Post-apocalyptic. Wait, that's now.

8/4/2020 2:21 PM

13

Hopefully, a greenway could help lead to some revitalization in downtown and the surrounding areas.

8/4/2020 2:02 PM

14

I would love to see Lawndale become this hip little river town with shops and restaurants for people to enjoy while they are using the parks for exercise and recreation.

8/4/2020 12:13 PM

15

Attracking more public and helping generate revenue for growth.

8/4/2020 11:37 AM

16

It would be great if it still had the hometown feel. The peacefulness and quiet. The opportunity for outside visitors and tourists is awesome but it would be nice to keep the hometown feel without traffic and congestion.

8/4/2020 8:27 AM

17

Locally owned businesses revitalizing main street. River access and recreational opportunities (, small parks, walking, biking and and paddling opportunities)

8/3/2020 6:00 PM

18

I would love to see restaurants, town wide sidewalks, more activities for families and improvements to the playground. I would love to see things that will attract younger people.

8/3/2020 5:27 PM

19

To "come back to life" so to speak, with more businesses open than closed.

8/3/2020 4:45 PM

20

Thriving with redevelopment of older historic properties, eating, dining.

8/3/2020 4:23 PM

8 / 10

Appendix  95


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q9 What are the most iconic or noteworthy locations in Lawndale and/or along its First Broad area? (List your responses) Answered: 20

Skipped: 0

#

RESPONSES

DATE

1

The sandbar

8/10/2020 11:59 AM

2

Long rock, sand bar

8/6/2020 7:17 PM

3

Sand Bar The Big Rock The Mill

8/6/2020 10:38 AM

4

Former Cleveland Mill site could be an awesome venue/ retail / brewery spot overlooking river. The "rapids" between CC water plant & town. Double Shoals Mill. Brackets Cedar Park camping. Steel bridge in Delight.

8/5/2020 6:06 PM

5

Mill Smokestack Old Piedmont School Library Scout Hut Long Rock First United Methodist Church

8/5/2020 2:30 PM

6

Long Rock, the Old Power Dam, Double Shoals Mill, the Museum and Library at old Piedmont School.

8/5/2020 9:53 AM

7

Sand bar, piedmont library, coffee shop, mill house areas.

8/4/2020 7:47 PM

8

The old mill site Old historic site of the original first mill on Knob Creek not far from where it runs into the First Broad River. The historic power dam site Old mill site at Double Shoals. Old Piedmont academy site (with revitalized old buildings.

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

9

THE MILL

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

10

The old dam.

8/4/2020 3:33 PM

11

Main Street Lawndale where street widens and speed is 25 mph

8/4/2020 2:59 PM

12

Abandoned mills, dilapidated houses

8/4/2020 2:21 PM

13

The bridge on 182 and how the river passes directly through town.

8/4/2020 2:02 PM

14

Long Rock, The sand bar behind the Methodist Church, the former Scout hut, numerous pretty areas along the river bank

8/4/2020 12:13 PM

15

The whole area.

8/4/2020 11:37 AM

16

The Park Burns High School/Burns Middle School Cleveland Mills The bridge on main street

8/4/2020 8:27 AM

17

What remains of the Mill and Mill Village. Many natural features along the river.

8/3/2020 6:00 PM

18

The Boy Scout area, the sandbar behind the Methodist church, the area where Cleveland Mills was located (I think it would be an ideal place for a restaurant and or some nice apartments. It is such a beautiful location.

8/3/2020 5:27 PM

19

The Museum and most recently the renovated and painted buildings in town.

8/3/2020 4:45 PM

20

Beauty of the river and rural nature.

8/3/2020 4:23 PM

9 / 10

96  Appendix


First Broad Greenway - Brand Survey

Q10 What does this greenway project represent to you? Answered: 19

Skipped: 1

#

RESPONSES

DATE

1

A place where families can enjoy the river, paddlers have a nice level place to get out or put in

8/10/2020 11:59 AM

2

A way to improve the quality of life

8/6/2020 7:17 PM

3

This project represents a way our community can come together and do something that will make a difference in the lives of not only our generation but many generations to come. It will give people a reason to come and visit our town and see all the many things we have to offer and the wonderful people that make up Upper Cleveland County.

8/6/2020 10:38 AM

4

Hope for the future for preservation of the natural beauty. To live in harmony with the First Broad. For residents to understand what a great asset is here and to care for it as such.

8/5/2020 6:06 PM

5

Great way for Upper Cleveland to draw people and put life back into the town of Lawndale, also the surrounding towns of Polkville, Fallston, Casar and Belwood

8/5/2020 2:30 PM

6

Good fun, recreation, and excercise, along with growth of our town.

8/5/2020 9:53 AM

7

Concern for family and friend recreation, creating community.

8/4/2020 7:47 PM

8

A wonderful and relevant opportunity for people to enjoy the outdoors and the river along with its diverse environment.

8/4/2020 4:15 PM

9

A place to get away from the stress of the city and modern living.

8/4/2020 3:33 PM

10

Opportunity to keep the First Broad River flowing and not turn into a lake. Concern that "party sites" may multiply and our environment be trashed. Also concern about farming practices being constrained if a trail has to follow the river and goes across private farm land.

8/4/2020 2:59 PM

11

Something that would vastly improve this part of the county.

8/4/2020 2:21 PM

12

A chance for Lawndale to grow in a positive direction.

8/4/2020 2:02 PM

13

An opportunity to save this town.

8/4/2020 12:13 PM

14

Brings public to the upper end, recreation and possible growth.

8/4/2020 11:37 AM

15

Giving the citizens of Cleveland County an opportunity to appreciate the beauty that is here in our backyard without having to travel hours away to find beauty somewhere else.

8/4/2020 8:27 AM

16

Outdoor recreation and fitness opportunities nearby. Economic development with focus on supporting LOCAL business owners.

8/3/2020 6:00 PM

17

It represents a way for Upper Cleveland It represents a way for Upper Cleveland County to become a vital part of the county by attracting tourist and giving Upper Cleveland County something that is not available anywhere else in the area. I think it will lead to some new jobs and draw new people to the area.

8/3/2020 5:27 PM

18

Improved local economy, rejuvenation, outdoor adventures, and fun with family and friends.

8/3/2020 4:45 PM

19

A chance to revitalize upper cleveland County.

8/3/2020 4:23 PM

10 / 10

Appendix  97


Appendix IV: Public Meeting Comments • • •

• • •

• • •

• •

• • • • •

Looks great. Bringing Lawndale back. Looks great! Hope this does everything you hope for in Lawndale. Good job. Thank you for your hard work. I am so thankful this is coming to Upper Cleveland County. This hopefully will be a draw to our community I am looking forward to this new project. Thank you! Please move the recycling center away from the river. Look for another canoe access downstream of Lawndale. Awesome, Lawndale needs improvement I have lived in Cleveland County over 21 years. Years ago, I asked about trails – where are places to park and enjoy the water, the sun sets, etc.? Long wait but looks great on the plans. Praying all goes well. So impressive! I am so grateful that someone is working to bring something like this to Upper Cleveland County. Excellent planning! I hope this becomes a reality! Looking forward to watching the progress and seeing our wonderful community grow. This is just what our little town needs. Great idea! Can’t wait to see it come to fruition! Signage examples look great! How will the parks be maintained (trail cleaning, restrooms, etc.)? Look amazing! Keep the good work to keep the public engaged. What a wonderful project for Lawndale. So excited! I am so very excited for this greenway! I can’t wait to be able to use it and invite friends and family up as well! Lawndale is such a beautiful town, and this is a perfect way for others to be able to enjoy it. Should also bring revenue to the area. Can’t wait! I am very proud of the Cleveland County Water for doing this for Lawndale. I am very excited about this project. Please get started quickly! Provide updates on websites. Security is going to be important in parking area that is behind church. Get these students working on real world concepts. We are ready! This is a great plan for our town! Great job – looking good so far. Great plan. How will this be monitored by police? Excellent vision. Love incorporating the town plan. Hope to paddle it often. Portage around water plant rocks. Put in ideas for Delight Road!

98  Appendix


Appendix V: Cleveland County River Accesses

ht Rd

Oakg ro v eC R d 15 0 9 lo

La d-

oo

Rd s la al D H

op

Nolan R d

Rd

ys ter

eR d

n E M ai

St

WM

ain S t

LAWNDALE

USGS The National Map: 3D Elevation Program. USGS Earth Observation & Science (EROS) HeResources n ry Center: GMTED2010. Data refreshed January, 2020. St

Ro

le

il l

H

Rd k Cr ee is rr Ha

03 d 15 State R

Rd al l

C harlie Rand

d 1558 State R Stick Elliott Rd

13 63

Rd St at eR d i re

St

Project Overview Map

lw

Rd

W Stage Coach Trl

N

Rd Rd

Segment 3 = ~ 0.6 Miles

7

26

First Broad River Accesses:

d Hor

1 Rd 18

E Mc

Be

State

n Ke

State Hwy 182

State Rd 1819

y2 Hw te S ta

e

St at e Rd 1 36 2

nt

te Rd 1505 Sta

y Ln wa rm

r

at

1 4 04

Sand

wn da

St a

Rd La rs en

Cas ar R

Rd

POLKVILLE Fa

l e Dr

Rd

Dr View ain

61

D rch

N C

d 13 eR at St

Chu

r Lee D

irc

unt

r

Rd 1 5 6 1

State

Shytle D

Rd 1504 State

er ov

Mo

Oak

Rd

ke

d

La

s Hill R d

Rd

Ho

Rd

Coving ton

State

t e Rd 1511

State HWY

10

Sh u

rd

1

Rd

12

H ick fo

State Rd 1 6 4

Bracke tt Rd

M a uney Rd

15

d ille R

llis

Segment 2 = ~ 6 Miles

awndale

St a te Rd

v Polk

Ho

erh

Rd rch hu C l il

Casar-L

v

Segment 1 = ~ 3.9 Miles

Warlick Rd

4 00 d1 Stat e R

Kistler R d

Delig

River Access Parcels First Broad River Municipal Boundaries

0

0.25

0.5 Miles

±

Appendix  99





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