Education loans: A complete manual Nisha JamVwal showered with accolades
EDUCATE + ENTERTAIN
APRIL 2014 || ` 75
A bibliophileâ€™s guide to Indian literature
YOUNG INDIA VOTES THE POLITICS OF CHOOSING A LEADER
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contents APRIL 2014
ON THE COVER
A STUDENT’S GUIDE TO AN EDUCATION LOAN A list of factors to consider before applying for an education loan
A BIBLIOPHILE’S GUIDE TO INDIAN LITERATURE
Is every piece of Indian literature worth the read? Read on to find out more
Accolades of Nisha JamVwal – social worker and our celebrated columnist
(Educate) OPEN SPACE 20 MY THOUGHTS ON MY
O N L I N E E XC L U S I V E S
FOREIGN SHORES 22 5 CREATIVE COURSES AT
BOOK REVIEW: SERVANTS OF THE GODDESS We review Catherine Rubin Kermorgant’s book about her interactions with modernday devdasis – glorified prostitutes – in Karnataka’s Kalyana village
COMEDIC IDOLS The hilarious Papa CJ reveals who his comedic heroes are and why they are his favourites
SUMMER SCHOOLS Literature, fashion and three more courses worth pursuing at international summer schools
CAREER WATCH 24 THE WEALTH MANAGERS
The exciting career of an economist and its contribution to the world 4
COMEDY MONTH SPECIAL A collection of humorous short pieces from the Youth Inc team and other guest writers RESTAURANT REVIEW: BOVEDA, MUMBAI An extended review of one of Mumbai's newest restobars.
Youth Incorporated APRIL 2014
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HOBBY CAREER 26 THE GRAFFITI LIFESTYLE
A look at the career prospects of a graffiti artist in India
AWARENESS 30 MOVERS AND SHAPERS
(Entertain) RELATIONSHIP 61 ADOPTING A FAMILY
A feature article on the bond adopted children share with their siblings
An insight into the Global Shapers Community and the role its young members play
PRODIGY 32 THE MAKER’S REVOLUTION
Angad Daryani talks to us about dropping out of school and turning full-time inventor
COUNTDOWN 64 10 THINGS GUYS SAY
A list of things most guys say but don’t actually mean
TRAVEL 66 BIZARRE RESTAURANTS AROUND THE WORLD We list 5 bizarre restaurants and the features that make them so popular
MY STORY 34 POLITICS ON MY MIND
Yuva Sena’s Dharmendra Mishra talks about his aspirations of becoming a politician
RISING STAR 68 SALAMAT HUSSAIN
STAPLEdiet EDITOR’S NOTE…8 EDITORIAL CONNECT…10 AROUND THE WORLD…14 EVENT DIARY…16 COUNSELLOR Q&A…55 WORD ZONE…56 THE G SPOT…74 IMHO…76 HANGOUT…80 GRAFFITI…82
M.F. Hussain’s grandson talks about his photography career
FASHION 70 COOL NEW LOOKS
A lookbook comprising four unique looks for guys and girls
72 MUST-TRY BRAIDS
Four easy-to-replicate braids
CELEB QUOTIENT 73 6 DEGREES OF SEPARATION
6 steps between Tarun Tejpal and Batman
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"If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader." The man who uttered these words, John Quincy Adams – sixth president of the US, had an astute sense of what differentiates leaders from mere people. To this day, a leader who inspires people is essential in a democracy, especially in a democracy like ours where with a population of 1.2 billion people we can achieve so much more. With the general elections around the corner, it gets me thinking about where India has reached in the last 66 years of Independence. I can proudly say our country is shining with the hard work and progress made by each and every individual and not just because of some political party. For must of us, politics is an impregnable corrupt and powerful world we all tend to stay away from or do not know much about. All one hears are complaints, lamenting and dissatisfaction about the government, but no one is able to do something about it. Change starts from exercising your right to vote. We urge the youth of the country to look for a leader who is not full of empty promises. We need a leader who can effect real change as well as inspire the younger generations to work for India. When one casts an eye over other countries, one realises that we are indeed privileged to live in a country where we can choose our leaders. North Korea, Syria, Ukraine and many more suffer under the tyranny of heartless dictators who ascend to power either because of their fathers or because of military coups. To help you decide who to vote for, we have profiled the major players in this year’s elections – their ideologies, policies and promises. If none of them impress you, you may choose to vote for ‘None of the above’, a new option introduced to ballots this year. Don’t abstain from voting; choose NOTA if you must. Take the power that you have as a democratic citizen and be responsible for your future. April also marks the beginning of the summer holidays. Summer is a great season to laze around and relax after weeks of gruelling exams. If you want to do more with your time, we recommend attending a summer school and learning something creative. You could also utilise the time to catch up on your reading. Our guide to contemporary Indian literature recommends a handful of great books. Get inked this month!
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Volume 3 Issue 10 April 2014
Editor-in-Chief NITISH SHAH firstname.lastname@example.org
APARNA SUNDARESAN SEAN SEQUEIRA TRISHANN HENRIQUES
Editorial Intern NIRVA VIRA
Art & Design
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For advertising, subscriptions and circulation email@example.com +91-22-2351-6622 / 6609 Printed and published by Nitish Shah on behalf of Splash Publication Pvt Ltd Published at: 9 Forjett Hill, British Express Bldg, 2nd floor, Mumbai 400036. Editor: Nitish Shah
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CONTRIBUTORS THIS MONTH
BLOGGER OF THE MONTH
Ashlene Cardoza’s food blog provides easy-todo recipes of seemingly complex dishes one might encounter at a restaurant. Of how her blog came to be, Ashlene says, “When you watch way more Fox Traveller than you care to admit, it’s time to put on an apron and start cooking. Since college I’ve spent most weekends cooking, baking and generally making everyone around me plumper. I started this blog as a way to document my culinary experiments and in the process learnt new techniques, explored unfamiliar ingredients, and hopefully inspired other cooks to do the same.”
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PERSONALITY OF THE MONTH
@TRENDULKAR Trendulkar is a parody account on Twitter which pokes fun at numerous people. The jokes are vulgar and offensive quite often but if you get past that barrier, you are in for a real treat.
Oh no. I just walked through the metal detectors at churchgate station without breaking them. I think I lost my Aam Aadmi license.
Stop criticising Modi for applying Lok sabha ticket from 2 places. When I was looking for a good job, I applied to 17 job portals. Ordered egg. Got a tandoori chicken. Gujarat is really developed.
USE THE QR SCANNER ON YOUR MOBILE PHONE
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Before you apply for funding to pay for your higher education, make sure to read our student’s guide to an education loan... Page 28
K E E PI N S I D E
Pg24 Pg30 Pg32 Pg34 THE WEALTH MANAGERS
MOVERS AND SHAPERS
THE MAKER’S REVOLUTION
POLITICS ON MY MIND
PLUNGE INTO THE WORLD OF ECONOMICS FOR AN EXCITING CAREER IN INDIA
MEET THE ENTHUSIASTIC YOUNGSTERS WHO ARE CHANGING THE WAY WE LIVE
TECHNOLOGY WHIZ-KID ANGAD DARYANI TELLS US ABOUT HIS INVENTIONS
A YOUNG POLITICIAN TALKS ABOUT HIS INVOLVEMENT IN A SECTOR OFTEN LOOKED DOWN UPON
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THE JOY OF STUDYING AT INTI INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY & COLLEGES Malaysia is developing as a hub for international education and leading this revolution is INTI International University & Colleges
quality international education at affordable cost, close to 100,000 international students from over 100 countries have made Malaysia their study destination. Malaysia is currently the world’s 11th most preferred study destination. Many students choose Malaysia because they recognise it as the gateway to a vast Asian network. They also learn from Malaysia’s great diversity and rapid economic development. International students enjoy a safe and comfortable lifestyle with modern amenities, good healthcare
and medical facilities, excellent educational institutions, and world-class recreational and sports facilities at costs much lower than in their own countries. INTI International University & Colleges (INTI) is one of most respected and recognised names in the private higher education industry in Malaysia. Spanning across central, northern and east Malaysia, INTI was founded over 25 years ago and is a leading provider of quality education. More than a degree, it is an education that enriches students with the right skills and attributes to excel at whatever they do, wherever they go. Students will learn to achieve more through an education
reinvented to create future leaders. The most international, innovative and individualised education at INTI will help expand their global perspectives and collaborative processes to allow them to think critically and solve problems. International exposure is an important component in INTI’s innovation-driven, globally-oriented and career-focused approach to education. International case studies are part of the curriculum, with a minimum of one case study per course per semester. Students also experience new cultures and meet global peers through study tours to countries such as Thailand, China and Australia. Their world perspective is
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further broadened via cross cultural case discussions with students from other parts of the world via live video conference in the classroom. “Our students have had the opportunity to interact directly with their counterparts in other countries, such as in case studies on the application of e-commerce by Yunnan Lucky Air with students of Stamford International University in Thailand, and on Apple Inc.’s success with students of Universidad del Valle de Mexico. The sessions were not only informative but also thought provoking and inspiring for the participants who gained new insight into the world of international business,” says Dr Allan Fisher, Interim Vice Chancellor of INTI International University. Aside from lectures, many initiatives are in place to help INTI’s students build up competencies. INTI’s students have undertaken 180 innovative projects with 125 employers from various industries since 2011. Real employer projects ranging from ‘Ways of doing business and how to setup a company in Myanmar’ to ‘Development of a research book that identifies the changes shaping Malaysia’s marketing landscape and consumer behavior trends’ were introduced in the classroom to help students develop problem solving, collaboration, communication and critical thinking skills. Such projects serve as an inspiring component of higher education and are expected to play an increasingly important role in teaching and learning for years to come. “We offer a blended learning approach incorporating lectures and innovative technologies that include online tools, multimedia content and Blackboard’s learning system. Innovation brings multiple industry projects that enable students to work with employers on real business issues and solutions to gain experience and readiness for global employability. It includes structured
internships with established companies where students work on specific projects for a period of three months and learn to be resourceful, efficient and engaging,” says Dr Fisher. Students are also trained to develop soft skills that lead to strong leadership ability, confidence and the ability to analyse and strategise, in addition to being decisive and resourceful. Through industry-run workshops and forums that include employer career coaching sessions as well as interview, resume and grooming skills sessions, students will be guided towards a rewarding and fulfilling career. INTI’s students also enjoy the ‘Laureate advantage’ which makes a world of difference in helping them realise their full potential. Being a part of the global Laureate International Universities network, they have access to knowledge, thought processes, best practices, academic talent and resources like none other. Laureate’s support also provides students with access to cutting edge global events such
as the World Business Forum and Clinton Global Initiative, where they can learn from top global leaders about issues affecting the world today. To bring out a student’s full potential, individual development is emphasised at INTI and this involves the student’s journey of transformation to become a competent graduate via a selfdiscovery and development plan using personality assessment tools, industry talks and career camps. Students build selfconfidence and communication skills via specially-developed General Education modules. Individual development also involves coaching and mentorship programmes, grooming workshops and on campus recruitment which has seen many students offered jobs by top employers. For more information on how you can benefit through the most international, innovative and individualised education at INTI and in Malaysia, visit
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SCHOLARSHIPS OFFERED BY OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE SOCIETY OF INDIA
UGC TO PROVIDE SCHOLARSHIPS TO MERIT QUALIFIERS IN GATE The University Grants Commission is providing scholarships to students who have qualified the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). Engineering students can now use the scholarship to pursue their postgraduation degrees. GATE qualified candidates can pursue the Master of Engineering course (ME) or the Master of Technology course (MTech) in all universities and colleges through this unique scholarship. Earlier, the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) allotted just `8000 per month to students with scholarships. This will now change as the UGC has been given more power. Candidates who apply will require a valid GATE score to avail the financial aid to complete their postgraduation. The GATE results were out on 28 March.
The Oxford and Cambridge society of India are now offering student scholarships at the University of Oxford and University of Cambridge for the year 2014-2015. The scholarships being offered are a grant worth `4,00,000 tenable either at the University of Cambridge or University of Oxford; one scholarship tenable only at Emmanuel College in the University of Cambridge worth `1,00,000; and one scholarship tenable only at St. Hilda’s College in the University of Oxford worth `1,00,000. The candidate applying must: 1. Be a citizen of India 2. Not be more than 30 years of age on 1 May 2014 3. Be a graduate of an Indian University 4. Have applied and secured admission to study a full-time course at the University of Oxford or University of Cambridge. Applicants will be shortlisted after which interviews will be carried out in early June to select the winners of the scholarships. The selected candidates will be announced within two weeks of the interviews.
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CALICUT UNIVERSITY STARTS A PRODIGY PROMOTION PROGRAMME
ONE EXAM FOR BOTH MBA AND MCA SEATS The Karnataka government and the college managements have arrived at an agreement to conduct one single examination for their MBA and MCA seats. Previously, there were two examinations, the KMAT and CMAT. Visvesvaraya Technology University will conduct centralised counselling through which the government seats shall be filled. For the rest of the seats, college managements will admit students based on their PGCET scores. The exam is expected to be conducted in between 2 June and 8 June and will be open to non-Karnataka students as well. The seats that shall remain vacant after this exam will then fall into the management quota after 30 August. The KMAT test is expected to be conducted on 1 September to award seats to students who apply through the management quota.
The Calicut University has decided to allow students to apply for their degree and postgraduate programmes even if they are underage. This decision allows young geniuses and child prodigies a chance to hone their skills by studying the university’s higher education programmes. Students who apply will have to go beyond academics to prove their mettle to the authorities. They will also have to go through a special entrance test and then an interview by a high level committee headed by the varsity’s dean.
DELHI UNIVERITY POSTGRADUATION IN ONE YEAR FROM 2015 As part of its next set of reforms, the Delhi University is all set to offer a one year master’s degree to those who complete the four-year undergraduate programme through DU’s credit-based system. Trans-disciplinary projects shall be introduced and students will be given opportunities in the fourth year of the undergraduate programme to earn extra credit points which can be used for the postgraduation programme. Students from Delhi University will require lesser credit points than those who apply from other universities. The system is set to become more flexible and will enable students to take charge of their studies, work hard and complete their course as early as possible. Still in its experimental phase, the reform shall officially be implemented from next year. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 15
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Inquivest IISER, Kolkata
The Pro-Nite of Inquivesta was a huge musical success
Musicians perform for the audience for the Pro-Nite of Inquivesta 2014
A student prepares for the graffiti challenge
Some superb art pieces created by students on display at the scientific graffiti challenge
UNISON blueFROG, Mumbai
Mumbai-based band The Other People perform their retro classics
The band Sparsh performing 16 Youth Incorporated FEBRUARY 2014
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Musicians from the electro-acoustic collective Aiowaska perform at the event
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Pragyan NIT Trichy A remote controlled quad-copter flies as part of the aero-show
3D printed images on display
Remote controlled bots race in the event Nitro
A Harley Davidson bike show was held at the festival
Mumbai MUN NMIMS, Mumbai
A Bharatanatyam performer
An exciting panel discussion had many students engaged Students play cricket in one of many sports contests organised
Spreeâ€™14 BITS-Pilani, Goa
Participants dance during the event Global Village
The UNIDO was introduced for the first time at Mumbai MUN
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Bike stunts by professionals kept the students entertained FEBRUARY 2014 Youth Incorporated
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Promoters at the relaunch of the Mufti store
MUFTI STORE REOPENS AT MG ROAD, PUNE Mufti, a brand that excels in cutting edge fashion in casual wear, with a focus on shirts, jeans, trousers, t-shirts, sweatshirts, sweaters and jackets, has reopened its store at MG Road,Pune with a whole new look. Mufti offers distinctive style of casual clothing and excels in progressive fashion. At MG road store Pune, they will showcase their new range of spring-summer collection.
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My thoughts on my comedic idols Stand-up comedian Papa CJ talks about
me I beco, ‘The n a C ‘ plied d me, e askeow up?’ I rse to NOT oes c n o y I gr g bo ian i y her A younedian wheinng a comedhere are m p – u , m a co t to becom being said en I grow secre up’. That be like wh ast! grow I aspire to aking at le who dically spe come
the people he looks up to in the comedy business
SACHIN TENDULKAR He isn’t a comedian but I got inspiration from his passion for what he did and his commitment to keep learning and becoming better no matter how good he already was. And then of course there is his best trait: humility.
CHRIS ROCK If I had to pick one comedian in the world I’d want to be like, it would be Chris Rock. His attitude, stage presence, the way he prowls the stage and the issues he talks about… each of these elements make him my number one comedy idol. The biggest compliment I ever got was from a reviewer in Manchester who said that I had “the energy and attitude of an Indian Chris Rock”. Hopefully in a few more years I’ll acquire some more of his traits!
ADAM HILLS The only comedian in the world I know whose show you walk out of feeling warm and fuzzy all over and with a desire to be a better human being. Nobody I know can be that nice and that funny at the same time! And to top that, he is a great guy who also does a lot of charitable work.
GEORGE CARLIN In my book, he was more a philosopher than a comedian. I admire him for his irreverence, his social commentary and his use of language and logic to get across his point of view, and for his sheer bloody genius! You have to listen to his piece on the environment – “The planet is fine, the people are f*cked.” And I know no one else who has been funny for over 40 years and released 15 comedy specials!
RUSSELL PETERS Russell is the nicest guy I know in stand-up comedy. I respect him for the human being he is. They say it takes you ten years to ‘find your voice’ in comedy. He’s a guy who has found his. There isn’t a single time when I’ve hung out with him and walked away without having learnt something new. I admire him for his ability to speak the truth, the fact that he carved out his own path and for the relationship he shares with his family. If you have an entertaining mind, we want a piece of it. Unleash your thoughts and send them to email@example.com
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5 FOREIGN SHORES
AT SUMME R SCH OOLS
r f free time fot for o ty n le p ll e Vacations spmer schools are perfeccing n m students. Suonth long break comme sents re p -m s e nrique the thre lop at Trishann He this month. ills a student may deveol 5 creative skrnational summer scho an inte
he chance to hone a skill in a foreign land and meet with like-minded individuals from across the globe encompass a summer school experience. What is even better is the opportunity to learn at institutions that are recognised the world over for the education they impart, their excellent faculty and of course their unique courses which are nothing like the ones closer to home. For the art-loving wanderer, here are five summer school creative programmes.
For someone who enjoys good old English literature, getting into the depths of a book at the hands of some of the best universitiesâ€™ skilled faculty is as close as it gets to perfection. Literature courses delve into the varied aspects of literature. From sessions that focus on Jane Austen and Rudiyard Kipling, to Lewis Caroll and Charles Dickens, literature courses also investigate why written works play a role in creative writing today. SUMMER SCHOOLS: Cambridge University; Havard University; University of Oxford
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FOCUS FEATURE JONATHANPOWK, FLICKR
SHARPEN YOUR PHOTOGRAPHY SKILLS
The world of photography and videography has taken centre stage in the last two decades as there is a constant need for compelling images to complement stories in magazines, newspapers and the online space. There is so much that goes into the composition of an image, much of which has to be perfected and learnt the right way. Summer schools for photography focus on encouraging an individual to take up this art form professionally as opposed to enjoying it merely as a hobby. SUMMER SCHOOLS: University of Edinburgh, Goldsmiths University of London, Columbia University DONNAANDCHRIS78, FLICKR
DISCOVER THE ART OF FASHION Fashion finds appeal with several youngsters today. However, there is a thin line between someone who is very serious about this art and someone who is temporarily infatuated with it. Parsons the New School of Design, and University of the Arts London are some premier institutes in the world for fashion and design. With the crème de la crème of today’s fashion scene as their alumni, these schools offer several fashion summer courses, ranging from fashion design to fashion journalism. SUMMER SCHOOLS: Parsons the New School of Design; University of the Arts London; Istituto Marangoni
LEARN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE
Knowledge of a foreign language always looks great on a CV. It not only acts as a satisfying hobby, but also as a catalyst for employment in multinational companies. Translation of important documents, formatting letters, and often, being the go-between companies and their foreign clients are some of the outcomes of learning a foreign language. At a foreign language summer school a student is likely to learn a foreign tongue of his/her choice through intense focus on vocabulary, writing and speaking. SUMMER SCHOOLS: University of California, Berkley; Boston University; University of Virginia JAMIESQUILLARE01, FLICKR
INDULGE IN FILMMAKING
Commercial cinema has moved to the background and made way for art films that focus on powerful stories through brilliant screenplays and compelling cinematography. Courses in filmmaking dive into the creation of a film right from the writing of a script to the formulation of a visual plan and rehearsals with actors, even the editing of short films. Such courses are apt for someone who either wishes to hone their filmmaking skills or just test the waters, as well as for the aspiring filmmaker. SUMMER SCHOOLS: The New School, New York; Yale University; University of California, Los Angeles APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 23
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What can the study of economics lead to? Aparna Sundaresan explores the exciting career of an economist
conomics as a discipline has been around for a while, but it was as recent as the 20th century that it shaped up to be the field we know today. Economics has come a long way from the 1700s when it was merely considered the study of “the wealth of nations” by a philosopher called Adam Smith. Consequently, the role of an economist too has progressed as the depth of enquiry has expanded.
the economy as a whole. A country’s income and output, its unemployment rate, inflation, consumption, etc fall under the scope of macroeconomics. A third branch, developmental economics, has gained ground in recent times. Economists work with think tanks, NGOs, research institutes, government bodies, etc, gathering data on a specific issue, analysing the trends in the issue and framing a conclusion.
THE WORLD OF ECONOMICS BECOMING AN ECONOMIST Economics is traditionally classified as either micro or macro. Microeconomics, as the name suggests, deals with behaviour at a granular level. Economists here analyse and evaluate the growth, expansion, merger and acquisition prospects for a particular industry. Macroeconomics looks at
economics and international trade, are available abroad.
WHY CHOOSE ECONOMICS?
As a subject, economics has universal application.
Economists are well-respected owing to their wealth of knowledge. An economist needs to be up-to-date with current affairs. Economists tend to be good financial planners.
Economists usually hold a master’s degree in economics, applied economics or social sciences. In India, one may specialise in econometrics, microeconomics or macroeconomics. More specialisations, such as industrial economics, game theory, applied economics, financial
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SECTORS FOR ECONOMISTS
CAREER FACTS: ECONOMIST
JOB PROFILE: Broadly, an economist studies how individuals, groups and organisations manage and use various resources to achieve their goals, and then proposes economic policies to improve the efficiency of the system. The resources may vary from consumer products (like toothpastes, clothing, etc) to financial products (like money). An economist also forecasts the future based on current trends. INCOME: An conomics postgraduate may expect a starting salary between `4 and `6 lakhs per annum. The pay increases with experience. SKILL SET: Sharp analytical and mathematical skills, as well as a good amount of curiosity and a strong stomach for theoretical study. STUDY: St. Stephen’s College, New Delhi Narsee Monjee College of Commerce and Economics, Mumbai Ethiraj College, Chennai London School of Economics, UK Harvard University, USA
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Banking Finance Accountancy Marketing Business Politics Consumer goods Government AT THE SAME TIME...
Economics demands a lot of time
invested in study, both during and after student years. Economics is mathematics-heavy at a higher level. Those who do not enjoy numbers are unlikely to enjoy the subject. Finding the first job can be tricky, since there is no concrete role a graduate can slip into to transition to the professional world. Work hours tend to be long – sometimes too long for the pay received. And the work is not restricted to desk work; it may involve travelling and field work.
AN ECONOMIST’S FUTURE
“Compared to western countries, the scope for an economist in India is limited. However, being an economist myself, I can vouch for the fact that the demand is India is now shifting from general jobs to specialised jobs. So if one is a specialist in something, one’s demand will be higher. The need for economic analysis at industry and country level has also gained importance in recent years, so India will definitely need more young and bright economists going forward.” - Dipti Abhyankar, Associate Economist, Ambit Capital
CHALLENGES IN INDIA
Anuj Agarwal, Economic Analyst with CRISIL Ltd. says, “In India the market for economists is quite niche, so it is not too easy to switch jobs. Every organisation needs economists, but not in large numbers.” Adds Dipti Abhyankar, Associate Economist with Ambit Capital, “There isn’t a seasonal trend of hiring economists yet. Recruitment is mostly on ‘as-and-whenrequired’ basis.” That said, since the watchword for the 21st century is ‘economy’, owing to the global recession and economic challenges the world – India included – is facing, economists are the need of the hour. If you believe you can combine your numerical skills with social awareness to contribute to the country’s wealth, the exciting world of economics beckons you. yi
“It is quite important to work with a known economist, the learning is quite good and at the same time one gets an opportunity to create his name in the market. In India there is hardly any scope as yet for microeconomic consulting which mainly relates to industrial economics and competition policy. Most of the jobs involve macroeconomic research work. As the current situation is, I feel if one can get some grasp on the Indian economy, it will be of great use, since emerging economies are the ones where growth lies.” - Anuj Agarwal, Economic Analyst, CRISIL Ltd.
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Do you want to be like the famous graffiti artist Banksy? Sean Sequeira tells you how you can earn money legally using your graffiti skills
Although the British graffiti artist Banksy is world famous, his antics arenâ€™t legally permitted. This is because Banksy, as many other graffiti artists, uses his art to send a message to the world and hence does it illegally so more people will take note of it. Illegally spray-painting public or private property cannot be condoned. However, a passion for graffiti can be turned into a freelance or part-time career for those who are interested.
The problem with being a graffiti artist is people have a preconceived notion that you are a vandal. This is because the graffiti community takes pride in leaving messages in public locations in spite of it being illegal. If you are to paint on public walls, or other forms of public property, always obtain the required permission from the municipality and other concerned authorities of the locality. This will safeguard you from being arrested for defacing public property. When you are hired to paint private property, there should be no problem with legality since you will receive permission from the owner in order to paint what they require.
India has no formal educational programme to train someone in the art of graffiti. It is taken up because of passion for the art. Most graffiti artists believe it canâ€™t be taught, it is something that is developed through practice. If a conventional educational qualification is desired, the closest programmes available are a Bachelor of Arts degree with a 26 Youth Incorporated APRIL 2014
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specialisation in fine art or a Bachelor of Visual Arts degree.
Graffiti artists start by choosing a medium for their art. The most common medium is spray cans and the canvas, a wall. The first step is to design your artwork in a sketchbook which graffiti artists commonly refer to as the black book. Practice your designs on a big canvas until you are perfect. You can paint on canvases and sell them at art exhibitions. Most artists take up private assignments of painting walls in residences, offices or eateries. If your work is good, you should be able to get the ball rolling with your first few projects and get more work in due time.
There are no organisations in India which hire graffiti artists on a full-time basis to work exclusively on graffiti projects. Taking up graffiti can only be considered a part-time or a freelance career option since standard employment is not guaranteed and neither is payment. Most graffiti artists in India tend to work as freelancers. They take up projects as and when they come up with individual prices for each project. As a freelancer, it is important to stay up-to-date in the industry by word-of-mouth. Your work should speak for itself since the graffiti artist is only as good as his art.
The money you can earn as a freelance graffiti artist depends entirely on the project. If the artwork is more complex with a high level of detail and very intricate designs, the remuneration is bound to be higher. For simpler themebased work, the expected pay package will be lower. However, it is not possible to have a predefined price tag on the work a graffiti artist does. Once you gain more experience and are well-known for your work, you can demand better payment. As Gunjit Purswani of New Delhi-based Graffiti Inkorp says, “There cannot be a standard payment for art.”
“If you like painting and you grab hold of the spray can, you are qualified enough. I am an automobile engineer by educational qualification but I chose to be a graffiti artist for profession.” -Gunjit Purswani, Graffiti Inkorp
Graffiti has just about broken the ice in India as an industry. People have been taking note of street art over the last five years which has given the art form of graffiti a little visibility. Offices, small businesses, restaurants and residences have recently started employing freelance graffiti artists to decorate the walls of their establishments. This form of modern art is expected to grow exponentially in coming years for those who would like to take it up legally. yi
“Art is the backbone of all forms of design including graffiti. One needs to practise and constantly refine their skills to find their individual style of expression. One could opt to join an art school or design college to learn the basics. Nevertheless, it is your own drive and passion for art that will push your boundaries from an A4 paper to a 4-storey building size poster!” - Delwyn Remedios, freelance graffiti artist APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 27
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Here are the factors students must consider before taking the plunge to obtain an education loan
n India education is everything. Rightly so, since it brings with it the promise of a good job, a wealthy lifestyle, security and a good life. That being said, a good educational background has become increasingly expensive to the point where most students today are considering taking a loan to pay for their degrees after class 10 and 12. While most students are eligible for
education loans, the steps to acquiring one can be tricky and tedious. To make the process easy, we list some factors you must consider before applying for the loan.
Before application, knowing if you are eligible for a loan is important. Eligibility can be verified by means of online eligibility calculators set
up by banks. Most banks offer loans to students aged between 16 and 26 years. But often, the eligibility varies from one bank to the other.
Research affiliations between universities and banks Most universities and colleges, both national and international, have associations with banks, or financial
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or educational loan institutes. These associations translate to subsidised rates of interest and longer repayment periods for students. Benefits such as these are always welcome in the student community since it gives time to the student to secure a proper job after their studies to afford repayment.
Analyse the status of your current funds
Before opting for an education loan, the first thing to do is to assess your current available funds. Funding through scholarships, for example, would reduce your upfront loan burden considerably. Once you have shortlisted your choice of programme and university, speak to the Institute on the scholarship options that you can avail.
Assess your loan repayment capacity
Carry out a thorough research of your course, the job offers that follow and your starting salary. Many student loan providers allow a student approximately 10 years to repay the loan taken. The faster the loan is repaid, the more money a student will save as at the end of 10 years the loan amount only doubles due to change in interest rates if not paid during the stipulated time frame. Hence, look up your course details, contact teachers and inquire about the salary growth of earlier students and then decide if you will be able to repay the loan amount.
Identify loan providing institutes
While looking for loans, you will come across a number of student loan providers. From the sea of banks and other institutes, choosing one that best works for you is extremely important. Along the way you might also stumble upon bogus institutes that lure naïve students with their low rates of interests and other facilities that seem too good to be true. Putting rates of interests, eligibility and margins of one bank against others helps in giving a student a clear outline of the available options for a loan.
“Compare not only the rate of interest of the education finance but also other benefits like easy repayment options, flexibility to pay from abroad, online customer services, etc from your loan provider. Non-bank financial companies (NBFCs) and dedicated education loan institutions provide flexibility on all these counts.” – Neeraj Saxena, CEO, Avanse Education Loans Is your loan amount sufficient?
The loan amount that you have applied for must be sufficient and must encompass all your costs. The cost of books and uniforms (if applicable), travel expenses, hostel rent, food and even a personal laptop – if need be – must be covered with your loan amount. Also, make sure that you do not borrow more than you need as it will cause problems during repayment.
DEFAULT ON PAYMENTS
It is important to know and understand that any default in EMI payments reflect in your credit report, lowering your credit score for any future borrowings. Another important point to remember is that if parents co-sign on the loans, they are liable for the loan.
Consider a co-applicant
A bank or a specialised loan institute requires any one parent to be a coborrower or a co-applicant while seeking an education loan. However, siblings or relatives with salaried incomes are also acceptable by most institutes. The grant of a loan is directly tied to the co-applicants earning capacity as in the event of a student’s inability to repay the loan, the responsibility of covering it passes on to the co-applicant.
Have adequate ancillary security
In order to take a student loan, you must make sure you have sufficient collateral security available. This can be in the form of property, shares or fixed deposits. These forms of security also help in getting a better rate of interest.
Have all your documents in place
Have all the required documents in place before loan application. Ask your loan provider for a list of documents you will require during the process of acquiring a loan. Some of the more common documents are identity, age and address proof, co-applicant’s relationship proof, address proof and income proof. An admission letter with the fee structure from your educational institution is also required. If you are going to study abroad, visa approval papers, GMAT, SAT, GRE scores, etc are additionally required to support your loan application.
Explore all your repayment options
Decide the repayment option in consultation with your parents. That is, if you want to start EMI, or simple interest or want to go for moratorium. If you start simple interest payment or Monthly Instalments, it will reduce the burden once you graduate. It is advised not to go for moratorium unless required since it adds to the burden. yi APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 29
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AWARENESS Shapers from the Mumbai Hub with best-selling author and foreign policy consultant David Aikman
e by the World A new initiativ is putting m Economic Foru young of d n a together a b ill shape protégés who w Shridhar y our future. Suja lobal Shapers G investigates the Community
ddressing the dearth of structured progressive efforts focused on the power of the youth, the World Economic Forum has launched its brand new community development initiative, recruiting enthusiastic individuals from all over the world. “I’m glad that the Global Shapers community has been formed, which will give the youth of India, and
around the world, a voice,” says Ankit Fadia, 28, who is a member. Since its inception in 2010, scores of brilliant minds have been inducted into the WEF’s Global Shapers community.
SHAPING OUT THE ROOTS
The Global Shapers community is a development initiative spearheaded by young leaders between 18 and 30 years of age. It operates through a global
network of self-organising local ‘Hubs’ which are based in major cities around the world. Each Hub is curated and run by members known as Shapers. There are currently 310 Hubs globally with 3274 active Shapers. There are Hubs set up in 16 Indian cities. The initiative also has the backing of corporate heavyweights like Reliance Industries and The Coca Cola Company.
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HANDPICKING THE BEST
The Mumbai and Delhi Hubs boast of a power-packed set of Shapers, with a name like Snapdeal founder and CEO Kunal Bahl among the roster. Social entrepreneurship consultant Zainab Kakal heads the Mumbai Hub. The Delhi Hub is curated by Sharanya Chandran who is a Consultant in the National Skill Development Agency (Ministry of Finance) as well as a nationally graded Bharatanatyam dancer and Vice-President of Natya Vriksha. Shapers with expertise in the education sector, finance and economics, social entrepreneurship and politics have come together in a multi-dimensional pool of talent. The Bhopal Hub is still in its founding stages. Ajay Chaturvedi has been appointed as the Founding Curator of the Bhopal Hub. He was previously honoured by the World Economic Forum as a top Young Global Leader 2013-18. The Bhopal Hub solicited 2000 applications from Bhopal and surrounding areas in February. The shortlisted applicants were people with the potential and eagerness to make the world a better place. They were inducted, groomed and assigned projects of their choice.
Shapers from the Mumbai Hub with Venkatesh Kini, President of Coca-Cola India and South West Asia
project with students of the American Embassy School, New Delhi to support WORK+SHELTER, an NGO that focuses on empowering women by offering them a secure environment to live and work. The project culminated in a fashion show
ARE YOU NEXT?
THE ROAD SO FAR
A number of high impact projects have been executed by the major Hubs in India over the past 3 years. The Mumbai Hub launched an education campaign named Sakhi in 2013 which was aimed at reducing school dropouts among young girls in the slums of Mumbai. Cooperative Reflective Learning (CRL) was used as the method of delivery thereby promoting inclusion and better absorption of classroom knowledge. With a seed capital of about `54000, Shapers built a learning centre complete with a library of books and teaching aids as well as course materials. The pilot class recorded not a single drop-out since inception. The Delhi Hub wasn’t far behind, and organised a one-of-its-kind
and a charity gala which generated proceeds of about `9,00,000 which were completely donated to WORK+SHELTER. The project was launched on 10 November 2013 by Professor Klaus Schwab, Founder of the World Economic Forum.
“We are given guidelines as to what not to do, but what we can do is totally up to our will and imagination.” Binit Vasa, Head of Communications, Mumbai Hub
The Mumbai Hub has already announced its recruitment for the year 2014 and has invited young enthusiastic minds to apply for membership. “We are looking to raise our Shaper base from the present 20 to a stronger number. We are excited to induct individuals from diverse backgrounds and expertise as Mumbai, in essence, represents just that.” says Zainab Kakal, curator of the Mumbai Hub. Applications can be made at www.globalshapers.ord/apply to a Hub of your choice along with the necessary information and a statement of purpose. The communications manager of the respective Hub will then contact interested applicants and take the selection process further. If you are brimming with ideas about community development, and are on the lookout for a suitable platform, then here’s your chance of having a valuable stake in the development of society. Go on, shape the world! yi APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 31
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A prodigy in the true sense of the word, Angad Daryani has created Indiaâ€™s first affordable 3D printer at the tender age of 15. Trishann Henriques maps his journey from school student to inventor and entrepreneur
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hile most kids aged 15 spend their time playing and dissing their homework, Angad Daryani is busy thinking about what his next invention is going to be. The inventor of India’s first affordable 3D printer, the co-creator of the Virtual Brailler and the founder of Shark Kits – a Do It Yourself kit that encourages invention among young kids – Angad is one of the country’s youngest mechanical and technical hobbyists.
Tell us about India’s first 3D printer.
Most of the existing desktop 3D printers available in the market are unreliable and cost a lot of money. This is where the idea to create SharkBot came about. So far, SharkBot is developed from an ergonomics and product design point of view, but its engineering design is yet to be ready. SharkBot would be capable of printing materials such as ABS, PLA, nylon, HIPS, Laywood and many more. Since it the still in its development stages, shipping excellence at a very low cost takes time.
What was the reason you created Shark Kits – your very own business venture?
Shark Kits is a product line that aims to provide youngsters with high quality, low cost kits in order to introduce them to the world of Do-ItYourself (DIY) and technology. My main purpose is to trigger curiosity in kids. I want them to find out what they can do with this limited hardware. I want to make them question why everything happens and to make them reason instead of just sticking to textbook knowledge.
You are all of 15. Has your age been an obstacle in your progress?
To me, age is just a number. My level of knowledge at age 15 is the only reason I feel restricted as it takes me a good amount of time to get through
complex theories which people have taken years to master.
Every inventor needs a financer. How have you managed funding to carry on inventing? I am very lucky to have supportive parents who have been financially backing all my inventions and creations so far.
Have success and popularity changed you in any way? Yes. My productivity has reduced as I spend more time replying to emails than working on my creations. But I am slowly trying to change that.
What do your friends have to say about your success and projects?
My friends are very happy. They want to see me do more, much more.
How receptive is the industry to a 15-year-old inventor? My products haven’t been released in the market yet. I plan to do so in the next couple of months so I will know then. However, I do believe it takes time for change to take place.
Has homeschooling played a vital role in your development process? I always ranked in the top three in my class at school. But it was during the Olympiads and other academic competitions that I realised I stood nowhere close to my competition. It was then that I realised that in
school, it is difficult for a student to get your basic fundamentals right. Unconventional hobbies that I had weren’t encouraged much in school. Hence, I took the decision to quit school and build on these hobbies. If I hadn’t quit school and opted for NIOS (National Institute of Open Schooling)/homeschooling, I wouldn’t be able to achieve what I have.
What is a typical day in your life like?
I usually spend six to seven hours a day studying. After I am done, I am free to do whatever I want. However, my research and projects dominate my free time.
What advice would you give to students your age?
Do what you love. Everything looks difficult in the start, but once you start doing it’s really not that tough. yi
Byt es Your inspiration My father, my grandfather, Jeremy Blum and many more An inventor/innovator you wish to be like I don’t believe in aiming at being someone else. My goal is to keep improving myself to get better. Your hobbies Playing football, designing automobiles, studying the behaviour of aquatic animals and exercising How you de-stress I meditate for 15 minutes before going to bed; it makes me forget about work and ideas. Else, the ideas don’t let me sleep. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 33
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ON MY MIND
TICS Dharmendra Mishra is an aspiring politician from Mumbai who is a part of Yuva Sena, political party Shiv Senaâ€™s youth wing. He tells Youth Inc about his political work and aspirations
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I plan on becoming a politician because… For me, politics has everything to do with the state and affairs of the government. It affects our day-to-day life. People choose to complain about it, I choose to be a part of it and bring out a positive change. The goal of politics is to develop constructive change for society and to provide a service to the community. This is what I aim to do. I am a part of Yuva Sena I was always inspired by the ideology of Balasaheb Thackeray who was honest and stood by his words. As I always wanted to be a part of politics, I decided to work under the leadership of Aditya Thackeray who is working for youth and their development through the Yuva Sena which is the youth wing of the Shiv Sena. The goal of the Yuva Sena is to speed up the development process which I agree with wholeheartedly. North Indian in Maharashtra My janmabhoomi (place of birth) and karmabhoomi (place of work) is Maharashtra. It is my prime responsibility and duty to work for the people of Maharashtra. Even though my surname is north Indian, I am very much the son of this soil, like every other Maharashtrian. People may think there would be a clash of ideas in the party but the very fact that I am part of Yuva Sena should make it evident enough that there is no such problem. Yuva Sena responsibilities As a member of Yuva Sena, I have been assigned the responsibility of establishing student units in every college in Mumbai. These units deal with student grievances concerning canteen facilities, sanitation, library, fee structure, college gymkhanas and other such matters. I have also been assigned an additional responsibility of being a Lok Sabha observer of South Mumbai.
My aim in politics Presently, I am a sainik (soldier) and a worker at the grassroots level of politics. I wish to carry on with my social service work and will continue to serve the people of my country. For me, posts do not matter. To be a sainik is a post in itself for me. The work I enjoy the most is motivating the youth to stand up for their rights, have them take responsibility as young adults and encourage them to contribute to the country.
Qualities to become a politician Interest, dedication, passion, honesty and love for your country Politicians and education There are all kinds of people in politics. There are people without degree qualifications but there is nothing wrong with that because they are very experienced and qualified in their work. However, I do think more educated people need to enter politics. Advice for aspiring politicians Firstly, understand that politics is an essential part of any government and politicians are the law makers and administrators of any country. If you think you have a bit of a spark in you, I would advise you to come forward and get involved in social issues. However, keep in mind, love for the motherland is very essential. You can only be protective of the one you love. Be patriotic!
My initiatives I brought the irregularities and non-compliance of Section 4 of Right to Information (RTI) Act by college authorities to the attention of the State Information Commission (SIC). College authorities are required to provide information to the public at regular intervals through various means of communications, including internet. Every college is expected to display an information board outside the college and update their websites regularly. The SIC has passed an order directing Mumbai University and all 600 affiliated colleges to strictly adhere to the laws. I have filed RTI claims in many colleges in Mumbai requesting the public disclosure of the utilisation of grants received from the University Grants Commission and State Government. Due to our initiative and continuous efforts, a grant of `1 crore for development was given to Government Law College. We have exposed many irregularities in the railways. People who were indulging in corrupt activities have been held accountable. We were the first to help late Preeti Rathi, the Mumbai acid attack victim. We made sure she was provided proper medical facilities and accommodation for her family through the support of Shiv Sena Member of Parliament Mr Anil Desai. Challenges of getting established in politics Every field has its own challenges. I have established my identity in politics by taking every challenge head on. Every task that I have completed was a challenge for me to achieve because I come from a family with no prior political background. My motivation I believe in the message of the Bhagvad Gita – Karam karte raho, phal ki icha maat karo (Keep doing your work, do not expect anything in return). yi APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 35
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THE RACE FOR POWER 34 cover story.indd 36
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WITH INDIAâ€™S GENERAL ELECTIONS SCHEDULED FROM 7 APRIL TO 12 MAY, YOUTH INC DISCUSSES THE POLITICAL PARTIES, MANIFESTOS AND ISSUES WHICH WILL DECIDE THE RULING PARTY AND LIKELY FUTURE PRIME MINISTER OF THE COUNTRY
ost young Indians look at politics with a certain disdain. What they fail to realise is that politics is part-and-parcel of everyday life. The people we elect to power today will decide the policies of tomorrow which will result in the changes in our quality of life, the amount we spend for our amenities, the likelihood of better infrastructure, the number of schools that will be opened and more. All this stems from policies made by the central government and budget allocations made in accordance. Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens participate equally, directly or indirectly, through elected representatives in the proposal, development and creation of laws. The backbone of a democracy is thus voting citizens. Voting isnâ€™t just a right; it is a responsibility. Voting for the right party will bring the right candidate to power as the head of the nation. Universal suffrage should therefore not be treated as a luxury but be exercised by every citizen over 18 years. The elections will be held from 7 April to 12 May in 9 phases across 543 constituencies. The Election Commission of India (ECI) will organise the elections and announce the result on 16 May. The process might be daunting to a first-time voter; we have thus explained the process, analysed the philosophies that drive parties, represented the needs of the youth and estimated the issues that will cause a young Indian to vote a particular party and their representative to power. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 37
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PARLIAMENT OF INDIA
The Indian Parliament consists of two houses: the lower house is called the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the upper house is called the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The Parliament consists of 790 members of parliament who are elected directly and indirectly by the citizens of India to be represented as part of the Indian government.
WE BREAK DOWN THE VAST ELECTION PROCESS TO TELL YOU HOW YOU CAN MAKE SURE YOU ARE WELL REPRESENTED IN PARLIAMENT
The Rajya Sabha consists of 250 members of which 238 are elected by members of the State Legislative Assemblies and 12 are directly nominated by the President of India for their contribution to art, literature, science and social service. The members of the Rajya Sabha serve in office for 6 years but one-third retires every 2 years. Citizens of India cannot directly vote the members of the Rajya Sabha into office. They vote the members of the State Legislative Assembly into power who represent their respective state or union territory to vote the members of the Rajya Sabha to power.
State elections are held every 5 years. The Member of the Legislative Assemblies (MLAs) for the individual states and union territories are directly elected in the state elections by the citizens of India. The State Assembly is also known as the Vidhan Sabha. Once the members are elected, the political party with the majority of
members will form the state government and appoint a Chief Minister from within its members.
The Lok Sabha consists of not more than 552 members of which not more than 530 represent the States, not more than 20 represent the Union Territories and not more than 2 can be nominated from the Anglo-Indian community by the President of India if he/ she feels the community isnâ€™t adequately represented. The citizens of India directly vote for the members of the Lok Sabha. The members are elected into office through the general elections which are conducted once every 5 years which is the term of office for a member of the Lok Sabha.
The country is split up into individual constituencies. The number of constituencies for each state depends on its population and area. Not more than 550 members can be elected to the Lok Sabha through the constituencies. Only one member can represent one constituency.
The members who are elected to power in the general elections form the Lok Sabha. The political party with the majority of members in the Lok Sabha will become the ruling party while the political party with the second highest number of members but not part of the ruling party or coalition will form the opposition party. The members of the ruling
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AL JAZEERA ENGLISH, FLICKR
party will then form the central government and a candidate will be appointed as the Prime Minister from within their members. A minimum of 50% members of the Lok Sabha should vote in favour of the new government in order for it to be valid.
If a political party does not have a minimum of 50% members in the Lok Sabha to prove it has majority, it can form an alliance with one or more political parties that have members in the Lok Sabha thereby attaining a majority. A government formed in this manner is called a coalition government. Often political parties have allied parties before the elections which will be part of the coalition after the election process is complete. This allows a party to compete in a constituency where it
will definitely win and join with its ally to form a coalition government after elections. For example, Shiv Sena, an ally of the national Bharatiya Janata Party, usually expects its candidates to win in constituencies of Maharashtra following which Shiv Sena and Bharatiya Janata Party join for the coalition central government.
NONE OF THE ABOVE
None of the Above (NOTA) is an option in the ballot which allows the voter to cast a vote which is not in favour of any of the candidates of his/ her constituency. It is also called an ‘against all vote’, a ‘scratch vote’ or a ‘negative vote’. If the None of the Above option receives a majority of votes, the ballot is scratched and fresh elections are held with new nominees for the voters to choose from.
WHERE DOES YOUR VOTE GO? POLITICAL PARTIES USUALLY NOMINATE A CANDIDATE FOR THE POST OF PRIME MINISTER THEREBY GIVING VOTERS A DEFINITE PERSON TO VOTE FOR. HOWEVER, WITH THE SYSTEM OF CONSTITUENCIES IN INDIA, THE VOTER DOES NOT DIRECTLY VOTE FOR THE PRIME MINISTERIAL CANDIDATE. IF YOU WANT A PARTICULAR PRIME MINISTERIAL CANDIDATE TO WIN, YOU WILL HAVE TO VOTE FOR THE REPRESENTATIVE IN YOUR CONSTITUENCY OF THE POLITICAL PARTY THE CANDIDATE BELONGS TO.
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KNOW YOUR COVER STORY
INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC) & ALLIES (UPA) THE GRAND OLD PARTY OF INDIA
Formed by a group of Indian and British nationals
Left of centre INC’s political stand
Local self-government was initial aim; later evolved into demand for full-fledged independence
Number of INC Members of Parliament facing criminal charges
is the face of the INC’s campaign but has not been announced as Prime Ministerial candidate
United Progressive Alliance (UPA) The current government – an INC-lead coalition of 12 political parties
in the last 10 years is UPA’s track record
The year UPA was formed; no party had won an absolute majority. INC and several others came together to make up the requisite number of seats
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UR PARTIES POLITICAL POLICIES AND IDEOLOGIES
ERSTWHILE SOCIALIST PARTY; CURRENTLY MORE SUPPORTIVE OF FREE MARKET AND CAPITALIST IDEOLOGIES BACKS THE GANDHIAN PRINCIPAL OF SARVODAYA – UPLIFTMENT OF ALL SECTIONS OF THE SOCIETY NONALIGNMENT FOREIGN POLICY: NOT ALIGNED WITH OR AGAINST ANY MAJOR POWER BLOC IDENTIFIES ITSELF AS POPULIST, SECULAR, LIBERAL AND PROGRESSIVE
CONTROVERSIES IN THE LAST DECADE ` MP BRIBE SCAM ` COMMONWEALTH GAMES SCAM ` ADARSH HOUSING SCAM ` 2G SPECTRUM SCAM ` COAL BLOCK ALLOCATION SCAM
THE UPA • INDIAN NATIONAL
CONGRESS • NATIONALIST CONGRESS PARTY • RASHTRIYA LOKDAL • NATIONAL CONFERENCE • INDIAN UNION MUSLIM LEAGUE • KERALA CONGRESS (MANI GROUP) • SIKKIM DEMOCRATIC FRONT • ALL INDIAN UNITED DEMOCRATIC FRONT • JHARKHAND MUKTI MORCHA OUTSIDE SUPPORT: • SAMAJWADI PARTY • BAHUJAN SAMAJ PARTY • RASHTRIYA JANATA DAL
• “We will take measures such as the creation of help lines with a standard number ‘181’ in all major towns and The party has not yet released cities for prompt grievance its manifesto and Is taking redressal for women, exclusive suggestions from the public transport facilities, and on the website http://www. gender sensitivity classes for incmanifesto.in/. The following policemen and policewomen are excerpts from the party’s particularly in registering and document titled Our Vision investigating complaints made for 2014: by women.” • “We commit to ensure • “We will create 10 million the elimination of hunger and jobs every year and impart malnutrition in India by the skills training to youth to take year 2020.” up these jobs.” • “We are taking broadband • “We commit to increase internet to every Panchayat in the agricultural growth India in order to connect and rate to over 4% and ensure empower every Indian.” disseminating the fruits of
OPINION Let’s be honest; the INC has had a less than favourable run in the last five years. The number of scams the current UPA government has against its name, especially those that surfaced during its current term, is enough a deterrent for voters. Besides, pay attention to their promises: they are all general and empty. The UPA likes to reiterate that it passed Lokpal and the RTI, and its campaign is all about defending its track record and its history that is intertwined with this country’s. We’d like to reiterate that the right to information as well as government accountability are meant to be a given in a democracy. If one needs to pass laws to ensure they are provided to the people, then that government is obviously not doing a satisfactory job.
agricultural research.” • “It is of utmost importance that when senior Party leaders recommend particular candidates they must own responsibility in case of failure. Nepotism in the organisation’s structure is a cause of great concern and there is a need to arrest this tendency firmly.” • “We are working towards a timely and effective implementation of the Aapka Paisa Aapke Haath initiative, which will ensure that benefits reach the people directly, on time and at their doorstep, while eliminating corruption and leakages.” APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 41
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KNOW YOUR COVER STORY
BHARATIYA JANATA PARTY (BJP) & ALLIES (NDA) THE STAUNCH RIGHT-WING OPPOSITION PARTY
1980 Right wing
Year of formation of current state. It was originally the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1951
BJP’s political stand
Hindu nationalist organisation that aims to protect India's Hindu cultural identity
Narendra Modi 1998 The year NDA has been named as the BJP’s Prime Ministerial candidate
Number of BJP Members of Parliament facing criminal chrages
in the last 10 years is NDA’s track record
National BJP-led alliance that Democratic The currently consists of 21 Alliance (NDA) political parties
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came into effect to form a coalition government since no party had absolute majority in the Lok Sabha
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UR PARTIES POLITICAL POLICIES AND IDEOLOGIES THE NDA CONTINUES TO VOCALLY SUPPORT RIGHT-WING POLICIES ALTHOUGH NONE WERE IMPLEMENTED WHILE THE NDA GOVERNMENT WAS IN POWER. FOLLOWS THE PRINCIPLE OF INTEGRAL HUMANISM AS DEFINED BY DEENDAYAL UPADHYAYA IN 1965. CORE IDEOLOGIES INCLUDE HINDU NATIONALISM (HINDUTVA) AND SOCIAL CONSERVATISM.
CONTROVERSIES IN THE LAST DECADE ` TEHELKA.COM SCAM ` UTI BANK SCAM ` MINING SCAM IN SOUTHERN STATES ` ITDC HOTEL SCAM ` BALCO SCAM
` GUJARAT COOPERATIVE BANK SCAM ` CENTAUR HOTEL SCAM ` CYBERTRON TECHNOPOLIS SCAM
The party has not released its official election manifesto and is welcoming suggestions from the public at http:// bjpelectionmanifesto.com. Since Narendra Modi is the party’s Prime Ministerial candidate, they have released a statement titled Modi’s 8 Point Development Model for India. Here is an outline of the policies: • Improvement of education and job opportunities for youth by establishing IITs, IIMs
• BHARATIYA JANATA PARTY • SHIV SENA • SHIROMANI AKALI DAL • NAGA PEOPLE'S FRONT • GORKHA JANMUKTI MORCHA • HARYANA JANHIT CONGRESS • REPUBLICAN PARTY OF INDIA (ATHVALE) • MAHARASHTRAWADI GOMANTAK PARTY • NATIONAL PEOPLE'S PARTY (INDIA) • SWABHIMANI PAKSHA • RASHTRIYA SAMAJ PAKSHA • MARUMALARCHI DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM • KONGUNADU MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM • INDHIYA JANANAYAGA KATCHI • RASHTRIYA LOK SAMATA PARTY • LOK JANSHAKTI PARTY • DESIYA MURPOKKU DRAVIDA KAZHAGAM • ALL INDIA N.R. CONGRESS • KERALA CONGRESS (NATIONALIST) • REVOLUTIONARY SOCIALIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIK) • TELUGU DESAM PARTY
and AIIMS in all states. • Children and women’s empowerment through the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Programme and provision for equal opportunities for women. • Development of infrastructure by providing housing for poor, 24x7 electricity on demand, river interlinking projects, establishing of 100 smart cities, railway reforms including bullet trains, etc. • Inﬂation control through price stabilisation fund and special courts for black marketers.
The BJP has always proclaimed a pro-Hindu stance as opposed to choosing secularism which is evident through its Hindutva campaign. Although they have proclaimed the campaign to have purely cultural origins, their comments concerning the criticism of Muslims and the demand for a Ram temple to be built at Ayodhya clearly state their religious alignment. They have often been equated to be the political wing of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). The scams that have surfaced against the former NDA government speak volumes. They continue to highlight progress made by party-led state governments but on the other hand, their Prime Ministerial Narendra Modi has been accused of inciting genocide as the Chief Minister of Gujarat.
• Agriculture reforms including national agriculture market, advanced irrigation technology, etc. • Health care reforms including preventive health care and ambulance on call services. • Strengthening of the federal structure with balance development of all states and a particular focus on eastern states. • Anti-corruption measures through new laws to control and redistribute black money for social welfare and addition of toll free helpline to track corruption. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 43
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KNOW YOUR PARTIES COVER STORY
AAM AADMI PARTY (AAP)
The AAP was founded out of the need to cleanse politics in the country
The number of seats AAP will contest
Centre-left AAP’s political stand
POLITICAL POLICIES AND IDEOLOGIES THE REVOLUTION-SEEKING PARTY
The likely Prime Ministerial candidate for AAP
body and those guilty of corruption will be jailed within six months. • Close down all private AAP has not released an schools and hospitals and official manifesto. The AAP upgrade the government run too has asked for suggestions ones to world standards. from the public. The • Zero tolerance towards following are based on their attempts to spread poison document Our Dream Political toward any religion. Revolution. • Stop the practice of forced • Stringent legislation land acquisition from farmers. against corruption called Jan • Farmers will get the sum of Lokpal; the common man can all their inputs plus a profit of file a direct complaint against 50% on produce of each crop. corrupt leaders and officers • Public participation and get justice. in determining prices of • Fast track courts will be commodities during price rise. constituted and the CBI will • Jobs provided on impartial be made an independent and transparent basis.
POLITICS HAS TO CONNECT WITH SOCIAL SERVICE AND NATIONAL PRIDE THE GANDHIAN CONCEPT OF SWARAJ IS ONE OF MAIN PRINCIPLES OF THE PARTY. AAP REFUSES TO SUBMIT TO A LEFTIST OR A RIGHTIST IDEOLOGY AS THEY ARE SOLUTION FOCUSED AS OPPOSED TO IDEOLOGY DRIVEN.
YI OPINION The Aam Aadmi Party is a respite from the INC and BJP. Its claims to put an end to corruption and black money, improve education and many more have garnered a number of supporters. Some of these claims might see the light the day; after all AAP did offer 700 litres of free water to households in Delhi after just three days in power. It is however hard to believe the tall claims of a party that has no experience in governance and that has been criticised for its anarchist stand on varied issues. Its website talks of the ‘revolution’ it wishes to bring if elected. However, since its language is poor, it is hard to take any of it seriously.
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ALL INDIA TRINAMOOL CONGRESS (TMC) Withdrew support from the UPA after no-agreement on issues related to FDI, prices of diesel and subsidising gas cylinders for households. Sixth largest party in the Lok Sabha with a total of 19 seats The party subscribes to a centre-left position and populism, socialism and secularism are the ideologies on which the party stands. The party is free from an alliance with the INC and the BJP and stated that it will contest all 42 of the seats in West Bengal under the leadership of Mamta Banerjee.
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST) The party emerged after a split with Communist Party of India. The party plans to employ candidates in some 60-odd constituencies spread over 15 states and 3 Union Territories. One of its biggest controversies was the peasant uprising in Naxalbari in West Bengal lead by party members Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal.
YSR CONGRESS PARTY
The YSR Congress Party was formed after fallout Jaganmohan Reddy and founder Siva Kumar had with the INC. The party was formed in 2009 and has a total strength of 17 out of 295 seats in the Legislative State Assembly and 2 out of 545 seats in the Lok Sabha.
ALL INDIA ANNA DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM (AIADMK)
Current ruling party in Tamil Nadu. Centrist in their political stand, AIADMK is also part of the Third front in the Indian polity.
JANTA DAL UNITED (JDU) The Janta Dal United was formed with the merger of the Sharad Yadav party of the Janta Dal, The Lokshakti Party and the Samta Party in 2003. With prominence with Bihar and Jharkhand, the JD(U) is the fifth largest party with 20 seats in the Lok Sabha. The faction ended their 17 year old alliance with the NDA after its elevation of Narendra Modi as campaign chairman.
MAHARASHTRA NAVNIRMAN SENA (MNS) The MNS is a strong Marathi nationalist party that was formed by Raj Thackery after a rift caused with the current Shiv Sena leader Udhav Thackery. Known for its infamous attacks against north Indians, ironically, the party claims to have a secularist ideology. The Shiv Sena, which is in alliance with the BJP, is the biggest competitor of the MNS in Maharashtra state. As an independent electoral party, the MNS will go head to head with the NCP-Congress alliance and the BJP-Shiv Sena alliance.
THE THIRD FRONT •
COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MARXIST) • COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA • REVOLUTIONARY SOCIALIST PARTY (INDIA) • ALL INDIA FORWARD BLOC • SAMAJWADI PARTY • JANATA DAL (UNITED) • JANATA DAL (SECULAR) • JHARKHAND VIKAS MORCHA • BIJU JANATA DAL • ASOM GANA PARISHAD • TELANGANA RASHTRA SAMITHI • INDIAN NATIONAL LOK DAL • HARYANA JANHIT CONGRESS • BAHUJAN SAMAJ PARTY • MARUMALARCHI DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM • PATTALI MAKKAL KATCHI • TELUGU DESAM PARTY • ALL INDIA ANNA DRAVIDA MUNNETRA KAZHAGAM
YI OPINION Formed after rifts and opposing views with India’s first and second front, i.e. the INC and the BPJ, the above mentioned parties will be contesting the 2014 elections independently. The third front however is an alternative to INC or BJP governance. Although immensely popular in their respective states, frankly, it will be quite difficult for one of these parties to win at the national level. The third front, on the other hand, might be just what this country needs after a disastrous 10-year run on the part of the Congress and communal and staunch right-wing stand of the BJP. The chances of third front coming to power might not be the best as they have still not come to a unanimous decision about their ideologies.
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QUESTIONS OF CONTENTION SSOOSAY, FLICKR
WHAT ISSUES WILL MOTIVATE VOTERS THIS ELECTION? AND ARE OUR POLITICOS LISTENING? WE ANALYSE SOME KEY ISSUES AND ATTEMPT TO FIGURE WHICH PARTIES COME CLOSEST TO OUR DEMANDS
fter two consecutive UPA regimes, after a decade of Manmohan Singh, the country is poised for change. The three major players in this election – INC, BJP and AAP – have opened up to recommendations from the general public for framing their election manifestos. As of writing this article, no manifestos have been made public, but the INC has released a document titled Our Vision for 2014 and the BJP has released a few infographics on Narendra Modi’s plans. But making promises is nothing exceptional; it is keeping them that makes a difference.
The last decade might be best remembered for the number of scams it has spawned. Five scams in 10 years has lead to the general consensus that the government is looting us. We want: No middlemen in government services. These babus consume time, money and energy. More developed countries already practise e-governance whereby citizens can avail of several government services through the internet. With regards to bribes – if government employees were paid sufficiently, the necessity to ask for bribes might reduce, but this must be monitored.
Who might deliver: BJP. One of Modi’s ‘8 point development model for India’ is e-governance and removal of red tape. We expect AAP to deliver too, since it is a party formed on the premise of combating corruption.
REVIVING THE ECONOMY
Not too long ago, India’s GDP growth rate was 9% p.a. Today, it is about 5%. A few months ago it was apparent that inflation was making everything dearer when the price of onions went through the roof. We want: Tax reforms. Less than 3% of India’s population is eligible
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for tax and is paying for the entire country. It’s time more people contributed. Also, it is difficult to be an entrepreneur in India; case in point – at least 35 procedures/ licences/permissions are required just to build a warehouse. Making life easier for entrepreneurs would give the economy a boost. Finally, it’s time to stem the outflow of money, especially black money. Tax payers’ money is not meant to be stashed in Switzerland or the Canary Islands. Who might deliver: No party has a concrete economic strategy. The INC has promised the creation of 10 million jobs but doesn’t say how. The BJP proposes a law be passed to regulate the distribution of black money but doesn’t explain how it will get the money back. The AAP in New Delhi provided generous subsidies without considering the repercussions.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
Less than 3% of India’s population is eligible for tax and is paying for the entire country; it’s time more people contributed
70% of India’s population still lives in rural areas where opportunities and infrastructure are lacking. People are flocking to cities in search of jobs and a better life, leading to overcrowded urban areas. We want: Better employment and living opportunities in rural India so that population dispersion is more uniform and both cities and rural areas are liveable. Better planning for urban and rural growth so that expansion is monitored; unchecked expansion leads to uneconomic urban sprawl. More modern and faster modes of transport in cities and towns as well as those that connect the suburbs. Who might deliver: Surprisingly, both the INC and BJP seem to have similar agendas. The INC does like to harp about its Land Acquisition and Resettlement and Rehabilitation Bill the legislative passed last year, but does also state, very broadly, that it is “committed to the rapid development of public infrastructure such as roads, highways, ports, railways and electricity.” The BJP also promises several reforms, like “building 100 smart cities” and providing “24x7 electricity on demand”.
WILL OCKENDEN, FLICKR
It’s no secret that rape and public safety are two of the most worrying problems for women. The 2012 Delhi rape might have horrified the nation, but it has not put an end to sexual abuse in the country. We want: Stricter laws not just for rapists but perverts as well. Recognise marital rape and punish it. Reform laws that are sexist – for instance, adultery may only be reported by a man, not a woman. Encourage more women to take up jobs by promoting education for girl children. Who might deliver: The INC has promised a helpline for women as well as gender sensitivity class for police officers. The BJP has proposed the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao programme that is supposedly based on “equal opportunities for women”. Both have their pledges in place, but as to how effectively they will be implemented is anyone’s guess.
the world recognise homosexuals as people and give them equal rights, why can’t India? We want: Reform of Section 377 of the IPC so that it excludes consensual sex. Non-consensual sex, which amounts to rape, must continue to be punished. The Supreme Court has given the legislative the freedom to amend the law, which it must. Who might deliver: The INC seems more likely. Sonia Gandhi termed the verdict “disappointing” while law minister Kapil Sibal said, “In this 21st century, we must move with the times. We should not jeopardise those relationships and consider those as criminal activities.” Rajnath Singh, the president of BJP said, “Gay sex is not natural and we cannot support something which is unnatural.” However, Piyush Goel a Rajya Sabha MP, also from BJP, said, “There is nothing ‘unnatural’ in these relationships and I hope that the subject is reviewed/law amended at the earliest.”
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KYLE TAYLOR, FLICKR
WHAT THE YOUTH WANT
t is now safe to say that we do not want yet another less than average political party in power. After the obvious inefficiency of the current government, we call for a change in the policies directed towards the youth in terms of employment, education, involvement in politics and healthcare among others. Here are some changes we hope to see.
A MAJORITY OF INDIAâ€™S POPULATION Constant news reports of misjudgement on the part of medical ARE THE YOUTH. YET, WE ARE practitioners and the lack of space in GOVERNED BY LEADERS WHO SHOULD government-run hospitals discourage to frequent them. Instead, HAVE RETIRED ON ACCOUNT OF THEIR people they choose to advance any kind of forcing self-medication. A AGE AND THEIR REGRESSIVE THINKING. prognosis low premium insurance facility for the TRUTH BE TOLD, ALL WE REALLY WISH poor and the youth could change this scenario. Also, hospitals that function FOR IS PROPER GOVERNANCE AND in a professional manner and those that are free from corrupt practices YOUTH-FRIENDLY POLITICS 48 Youth Incorporated APRIL 2014
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will change the healthcare situation in the country. Who might deliver: The INC focuses on healthcare for those living below the poverty line. AAPs promise on the other hand, is improbable as they claim to bring government-run hospitals to the standard of private ones’. We think the BJP might deliver as the idea of preventive healthcare and ambulance on call is doable as it exists in Gujarat as of today.
The job scenario in the country is not at its best. With fewer companies ready to hire new employees, the youth are either forced to stay put at unsatisfactory jobs or choose unemployment instead. Who might deliver: The AAP promises to make the job market impartial and free from corruption. Since it is the premise on which the party stands, we think it is the only party who might deliver. The BPJ and the INC point toward skill development. While former promises the launch of IITs, IIMs and AIIMS in all states, the latter states they will create 10 million jobs every year, but does not mention how.
One of the major problems our country faces today is the lack of proper leadership. Leadership does not only translate to decision-making on a national level, but also at a local level. Some of the most derogatory comments on rape per se have been made by leaders at high positions. This shows the lack of responsibility and accountability on the part of those in power. Leaders must take account for an bring to book those legible for punishment for the crime committed instead of making justifications for criminals. Who might deliver: On matters of responsible leadership, the INC seems to focus on security to women, disabled and the elderly, the urban homeless and those designated to
Hardworking students are constantly put second to those who have paid a bribe or have chosen to use a ‘contact’ to seek admission
the backward communities. The BJP promises e-governance which could curb rampant corruption, whereas the AAP harps on about the formation of the Jan Lokpal system wherein the common man can lodge a direct complaint against a person in authority. We support BJPs e-governance, although it might take time to come to fruition.
CONTROL OF PRICE RISE
The costs of travel, daily necessities, fuel and food have all seen a huge price hike. This, coupled with the bad job market and the lack of good jobs, has put the citizens of this country in tight financial spots. Who might deliver: The INC boasts of its performance in the first five years of its 10 year reign, which hardly matters given the current situation the country is in. The AAP wishes to get the people’s view on the issue price rise – how they wish to carry that out only they know. The BJP’s stand on the issue seems plausible, but is still is a little farfetched: they promise starting a stabilisation fund and a national agricultural market. MEHDI HASAN KHAN, WIKIMEDIA COMMONS
BETTER EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES
The Indian educational system in spite of its high fees is still susceptible to nepotism. Hardworking students are constantly put second to those who have paid a bribe or have chosen to use a ‘contact’ to seek admission. Who might deliver: None of the parties promise tangible change. The BJP sticks to its promise of starting up IITs, IIMs and AIIMS in all states. The AAP promises to upgrade government schools to the standard of private schools and make education free for the rich and the poor and the INC goes on a rant about changing everything from collateral on student loans, the way teachers are trained in schools and universities and also improving the physical environment in which education is imparted. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 49
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POLITICIANS AND POLITICAL PARTIES HAVE TAKEN TO TWITTER LIKE A BIRD TAKES TO THE SKIES. BUT IN THIS AGE OF UNRESTRAINED SPEECH ON THE INTERNET, HOW CREDIBLE IS THEIR SOCIAL MEDIA PROPAGANDA?
CYBER DECEPTION INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (@INCIndia)
The INC’s official Twitter account also doubles up as Rahul Gandhi’s account, since he is not on Twitter. The account shadows Gandhi’s movements for the most part, chronicling his campaign. Gandhi has been lampooned plenty on Twitter for calling India “a beehive” and using terms like “escape velocity of Jupiter” to describe development, but the INC seems to have developed a thick skin to such ‘Rahulisms’ and is keeping pace with his words. Now “India is like a boquet” [sic]. No word on how to make this bouquet smell better, though. As for the party’s propaganda, an image was tweeted on 21 March that supposedly reveals the funds UPA and NDA allotted in the state of Assam for various sectors. The idea is to highlight UPA’s generosity in pumping money into infrastructure and public welfare. Putting down other parties is the norm in politics, but pay attention to the fine print that cites the source: Tarun Gogoi, CM of Assam. Gogoi is a member of the INC. No external source has been cited. An INC member proclaims the UPA is better than the NDA. How can one not suspect bias in the numbers?
AAM AADMI PARTY (@AamAadmiParty)
AND ARVIND KEJRIWAL (@ArvindKejriwal)
Kejriwal is like the class snitch – the one who would come to school just so he/she could rat out everyone to become the teacher’s favourite. Both his and AAP’s Twitter feeds are replete with retweets mostly from users who complain. Have you whinged about any political party, person, media channel or public service/facility? Your tweet is more likely to be retweeted by Kejriwal. Their social media strategy could be summed up as ‘Bash everyone in this country.’ The only original tweets from Kejriwal in the recent past were when he had a case of verbal diarrhoea. Note how he provides no sources. 50 Youth Incorporated APRIL 2014
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BHARATIYA JANATA PARTY (@BJP4India)
AND NARENDRA MODI (@narendramodi)
Modi was one of the first politicians to take to Twitter in 2009 and has since made his feed a factory that churns out his campaign details, opinions and his poetry. The BJP’s feed, on the other hand, is just retweets of its members for the most part. That said, their social media campaign is not without controversy. BJP member Priti Gandhi recently tweeted this And WikiLeaks responded with this:
THE POLITICS OF SOCIAL MEDIA SHAILI CHOPRA, JOURNALIST AND AUTHOR OF THE BIG CONNECT: POLITICS IN THE AGE OF SOCIAL MEDIA WEIGHS IN ON HOW POLITICIANS ARE HARNESSING THE INTERNET
THE BIGGEST INFLUENCER ONLINE
Modi is extremely influential due to first mover advantage and his interest in connecting with people. His intent was to gain popularity and clarify the issue of the riots. He gained supporters which he could not have with traditional media. His party’s agenda was different. Arvind Kejriwal and AAP are social media wonders.
They have used the medium for fund raising, recruiting new members and to collect people for offline gatherings. They have effectively shown what social media can achieve.
definitely an influencing factor. This is the first time India is using social media for its elections. In fact our politicians have been instrumental in bringing many people to social media.
LOSS OF CREDIBILITY
US ELECTIONS V/S INDIAN ELECTIONS
Politicians do put their foot in the mouth – Kapil Sibal, Laloo Yadav and Shashi Tharoor are examples – because of inexperience and lack of maturity in the medium, but they will get around them eventually. Politicians are thrilled to be on social media and love to see how many likes they have on Facebook and who is saying what. More importantly, today, be it scams or any promises made during elections, those will be on record and politicians can always be held accountable for it later.
NO SOCIAL MEDIA FOR RAHUL GANDHI
Congress perceives social media as a medium only for urban people and says its voters are largely rural. But social media is pervasive and even basic phones have Facebook apps. There is a disconnection in Rahul’s approach to the youth here and it hurts his image. People want to follow individuals and leaders, not organisations.
BUILDING OUTREACH ONLINE
This is a work in progress. You have to have social media access as it is
AAP and Modi have drawn inspiration from Barack Obama’s campaign. However, none have a single campaigning strategy. There is duplication in the case of Modi and BJP since they have separate teams. This is not healthy; the party and the leader should be integrated. $47 million were spent in 2012 for Obama’s campaign and it worked brilliantly. It is yet to be ascertained how leaders are able to monetise social media campaigns in India. Social media is not just for elections but for making it a part of the personalities. It needs to be a bigger influence over time and not just a flash in the pan.
THE MORE YOUTHFRIENDLY POLITICIAN
Milind Deora has a good following on Twitter and Facebook. He is more relatable online. He posts photos of himself jet-skiing in shorts, playing the guitar, inaugurating a public loo and so on. He has a more human approach and speaks the language of the youth. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 51
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WHO SHOULD YOU VOTE FOR? IF YOU ARE STILL UNDECIDED ON WHO DESERVES YOUR VOTE, TAKE YOUTH INC’S QUIZ TO ALIGN YOURSELF WITH ONE OF THE THREE MAIN POLITICAL PARTIES COMPETING FOR THE PRIME MINISTERIAL SEAT WHICH OF THESE IS MOST IMPORTANT TO YOU? A. Time and money B. Having a comfortable life C. Constantly improving D. Leading a good life
WHAT IS YOUR STANCE ON HOMOSEXUALITY? A. It is unnatural B. It is natural C. People have the right to choose who they want to be with D. I don’t care as long as it doesn’t affect me
HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT AUTHORITATIVE FIGURES?
A. It’s good to have someone to look up to B. I like authoritative figures who are friendly C. I hate when people in
authority get away with mistakes they make D. I do not like people in authority
WHAT ARE YOUR VIEWS ON JAMMU AND KASHMIR?
A. It is an Indian state and should be treated as any other Indian state B. The situation in Jammu and Kashmir is a little more serious than other states and should be treated with special attention C. It is an Indian state and the matter should be solved within the country D. I think the state should be allowed to decide on its own fate
WHAT ARE YOUR VIEWS ON RELIGION?
A. The majority should be taken care of first B. India is a secular country and all religions are welcome
C. Everyone is the same and religion is just a way to connect people D. Politics and religion should be independent
WHAT SHOULD BE THE FIRST STEP TO IMPROVE THE COUNTRY’S INFRASTRUCTURE? A. Increase the number of institutes and buildings in major cities B. Create better transport facilities in the country through roads and railways C. Make sure basic amenities like water and electricity are provided to everyone D. Cost-cutting and profitskimming should be reduced
WHICH OF THESE DO YOU THINK IS THE BIGGEST HURDLE TO INDIA BEING A DEVELOPED NATION?
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A. Other superpowers need to recognise the improved quality of life in India B. There aren’t enough jobs to utilise the true power of the vast population C. Corruption is the root cause of the country remaining stagnant D. Communal hatred and low quality of life are the biggest problems
HOW WOULD YOU DEFINE YOUR POLITICAL STANCE?
A. Very strongly rightwing B. Left of centre C. I have strong political ideologies but the name doesn’t matter D. I don’t care about politics
MOSTLY As: BHARATIYA JANATA PARTY (BJP)
You believe in a particular way of life which has been handed down over several generations and should be preserved. When it comes to making changes, you believe the most direct approach is bound to yield the best results. Your ideal Prime Minister should be vocal and have a strong character for Indians to look up to. Prime Ministerial candidate: Narendra Modi
Disclaimer: The results of this quiz are indicative and not definitive. Youth Incorporated does not endorse any political party.
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MOSTLY Bs: INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (INC)
You believe in liberalism and equality. You think people should be given enough opportunities to better their current condition. You are accepting of all kinds of people irrespective of their individualities. Your ideal Prime Minister should be able to relate to the people he represents in order to best serve them. Likely Prime Ministerial candidate: Rahul Gandhi
MOSTLY Cs: AAM AADMI PARTY (AAP) You believe that problems should be approached head on for the country to move forward. You believe that change is the only way of life and it is vital to keep improving. Past philosophies only interest you if they are relevant in today’s scenario. Your ideal Prime Minister should be elected from within the people he will represent to best understand their needs. Likely Prime Ministerial Candidate: Arvind Kejriwal
MOSTLY Ds: NONE OF THE ABOVE (NOTA)
If it were up to you, politics in India would have a completely different face. You think transparency is important for any government and believe it should be implemented. You prefer an anarchical ideology instead of the established one. You would rather not cast a vote for any of the candidates but it would be better for you to register a negative vote and have your opinion be counted than not vote at all.
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Jayanti Ghose is a career and education consultant. She holds an honours degree in economics and a degree in education. Her research in career counselling and guidance spans more than 25 years. She pioneered the concept of career counselling and career writing in the print media. She is actively involved in personal and group counselling.
WHAT NEXT? Q: I passed class 12 (CBSE) with physics, chemistry, mathematics and computer science in 2013 with 68% marks. I cannot afford to do BTech, so what can I do? Sanjeev Rathore ANSWER ANSWER
You can take up BA/BSc/BCom/BBA/ BCA, etc and then look for jobs or apply for admission to professional courses for graduates (depending on your pocket). Otherwise, you can look for vocational courses offered by government institutions with a conservative fee structure. Focus on what you can do well in line with your academic abilities and personality skills.
BBA and MBA could be one action plan. Working in different businesses after MBA, and related to your long term plans can give you the experience, and help you to meet people who could fund those projects. Alternatively, opt for a professional course such as Chartered Accountancy or Law or a regular BA/ BSc/BCom/ BBA (refer to further suggestions given in answer to other queries), and plan to qualify for the Indian Administrative Service by qualifying Civil Services Examination after graduation. Getting a good education with extensive diverse reading interests, participation in extracurricular activities will widen your horizons, develop your personality, enhance your self-confidence, and help you to forge ahead in the right direction.
You could try to complete class 12 through National Institute of Open Schooling (www. nios.ac.in) to improve your job and further education prospects. Alongside, look for a job in sales and marketing, customer service or something else which is appropriate to your abilities, location and personality. Alternatively, take up the Bachelor Preparatory Programme (BPP) by Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University (YCMOU) or any other Open University directly. After completing BPP, enrol for a bachelorâ€™s degree and continue to work. This will ensure a better long term future. Otherwise, look for vocational courses at polytechnics to improve your career prospects. Examples are indicative.
ACTION PLAN Q: I just got promoted to class 12 in a residential school in Uttarakhand. I am a good athlete, a good singer, and aspire to rule the nation justly and appropriately. I also want to be an entrepreneur, set up schools, industries and orphanages to serve India. As I do not have much capital, would it be a good idea to do BBA and MBA? Priyanka Bhattacharyya, Kolkata
AFTER CLASS 12 Q: I am confused about what to do after plus two commerce without maths. Harsimran Bhogal, Shimla Professional courses like company secretary, cost accountancy, or chartered accountancy simultaneously with BCom or five-year integrated law degree, a hotel management degree, design/fine arts (if you can sketch/ draw), a degree course in physical education/music/ dance could figure among your choices. Otherwise, pursue BCom or BBA or even BA, and give yourself three years to plan for your career after graduation. The decision should be based on a review of your academic strengths, ability for hard work and the type of work that would suit your personality and fulfil your aspirations.
IMPROVING PROSPECTS Q: I completed 10th in 2006 but failed in plus two. After that I ignored my studies and things went downhill from there. What should I do to have a decent career? P. Rakesh
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O N Z 1
Choose the option that is closest in meaning to the main word and complete the sentence.
1. Blithe (blahyth)
Regardless of the obstacles she faced, Emma always maintained a ____attitude. (a) confused (b) joyous (c) serious
2. Exultant (ig-zuhl-tnt)
The winner of the talent show was ____ and repeatedly thanked his supporters for their votes. (a) elated (b) lonely (c) surprised
3. Buoyant (boi-uhnt)
Researches have concluded that women who engage in retail therapy are often in a ____ mood (a) distressed (b) pugnacious (c) cheerful
- By Niloufer Gandhi
Words of mirth One of the most light hearted days of the year, April Fools’ Day or All Fools’ Day is celebrated as a day when people play harmless pranks on each other. In the past, April 1 was associated with the changing of the seasons and the beginning of a new calendar.
4. Gladsome (glad-suhm)
The school children sang ____ songs for the residents of the old age home. (a) classical (b) happy (c) romantic
5. Chipper (chip-er)
Adam, usually ____ and confident was nervous on the first day of his final exams. (a) upbeat (b) depressed (c) brave
1. B, 2. A, 3. C, 4. B, 5. A
The clues will help you find the answers to complete the word pyramid. Each answer must contain the previous answer. You may arrange the words with a new letter. Hint: Start from the top 1. Five hundred in Roman numerals
2. Doctor’s degree 3. Aswan, Bhakra and Hoover 4. A title for the mistress of the house 5. A reward especially in a sporting event 6. Another word for middle
MD, DAM, DAME, MEDAL, MEDIAL, DECLAIM
7. To speak passionately against something
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entertain Read first-hand accounts of what happens when a child adopts a family... Page 61
K E E PI N S I D E яГо
Pg64 Pg66 Pg69
10 THINGS THAT GUYS SAY
BIZARRE RESTAURANTS AROUND THE WORLD
COOL NEW LOOKS
WHAT A MAN SAYS IS NOT ALWAYS WHAT HE MEANS. FIND OUT WHAT HE ACTUALLY MEANS TO SAY
5 RESTAURANTS THAT GIVE PATRONS AN OUT-OF-THISWORLD EXPERIENCE WITH EVERY BITE
OUR COLUMNIST NISHA JAMVWAL WAS RECENTLY HONOURED FOR HER SOCIAL WORK
STYLE LOOKBOOKS THAT CAN HELP DEFINE YOUR PERSONALITY
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ENTERTAINMENT FEATURE ENTERTAINMENT FEATURE
A bibliophile’s guide to
Indian writers have flooded book stores in the last few years, but is everyone worth reading? Aparna Sundaresan curates a list of the more palatable literature populating the shelves
he number 1 fiction bestseller on Flipkart, as of this writing, is Amish Tripathi’s The Oath of the Vayuputras. Not too long ago Sidney Sheldon and Jeffrey Archer’s books dominated the bestsellers’ list. Then came J.K. Rowling and Dan Brown. Later Chetan Bhagat. And that is when everything changed. Bhagat opened the floodgates to Indian writers who emerged in swarms to take over shelf space from international writers. Today’s fiction writers are IIT and IIM graduates, PR professionals, IT managers, banking professionals and so on – in short, writers without a literature education who are flooding the market. Tripathi and Bhagat might be bestselling authors, but when it comes to literary value, their works scrape the bottom of the barrel. Their colloquial language may find favour with the general populace, but for the ardent bibliophiles, their awkward sentence constructions and poor choice of words are just needless butchering of the English language. Mediocre writers give Indian literature as a whole a bad name, which is why many readers are turning away from Indian writers. But there are good Indian writers – writers who understand there is much beauty in language and words, and a perfectly constructed sentence. Writers who have the skill to deliver thrills in an expertly crafted story without compromising on syntax. Writers for readers who know how to appreciate that kind of talent.
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Books that are well-written, and have a story worth reading and characters worth knowing.
Arzee the Dwarf by Chandrahas Choudhury
The Last Labyrinth by Arun Joshi
Millionaire Som Bhaskar’s life is seemingly perfect with a beautiful wife and two children, but Bhaskar wants more and more and more. That hunger in him leads him from Bombay to Benaras on a quest.
The trials and tribulations of Arzee, the would-be head projectionist of a cinema in Bombay. The cinema shuts before he is promoted, taking with it Arzee’s dream of getting married.
The Golden Gate by Vikram Seth
The life of a group yuppies in 1980s California told in verse. That’s right – verse. Sonnets convey the funny but tragic lives of the youngsters. Witty, well fleshed out and beautiful.
Books from the pre-independence (i.e. colonial) era. On first glance, they might seem dated, but once you sink your teeth into them, you will know they are enduring for a reason.
Lifting the Veil: Selected Writings by Ismat Chughtai
Chokher Bali by Rabindranath Tagore
At a time when it was frowned upon for women to have a voice, Chughtai, a Muslim woman, hit out against the injustices in society with brutally honest and scandalous short stories.
An illicit relationship blossoms within the confines of a joint family in Bengal. A very much married Mahendra is taken by the young, lively widow Binodini who comes to live with his family.
Untouchable by Mulk Raj Anand
Bakha, a sweeper and a toilet cleaner, is an untouchable. But he dares to question the system, which leads him on a political odyssey. Untouchable was controversial for the time it was written in.
Historical fiction A Fine Balance by Rohinton Mistry
In 1975 when Emergency has just been declared in India, four strangers come together to share a cramped flat and their uncertain futures.
Writers cast an eye to the past and create fiction that is surrounded by real events.
The Miniaturist by Kunal Basu
Child prodigy Bihzad is being groomed to join Mughal Emperor Akbar’s atelier of artists, but his paintings are too imaginative for the court. His art creates enemies who then set out to ruin him.
Come, Before Evening Falls by Manjul Bajaj
In 1909, sixteen-year-old Jugni’s life takes a turn. Her cousin is charged with sedition, her uncle begins building a school, and her grandmother begins looking for a bridegroom for her. But Jugni falls for Raakha, a school teacher with explosive ideas on social change. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 59
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ENTERTAINMENT FEATURE ENTERTAINMENT FEATURE
Afternoon Raag by Amit Chaudhuri
Boy meets girl. Girl meets boy. They fall in love and try to live happily ever after? No. These books are not that kind of romance. This is the romance of language, emotions and sensuous words.
An Indian student at Oxford University tries to come to terms with his sense of isolation, loneliness and nostalgia.
An Atlas of Impossible Longing by Anuradha Roy
Three stories in one novel that explore its characters’ longing for love, respect, revenge, attention, material prosperity, comfort and more.
Detective/crime/thriller Sherlock Holmes might be the undisputed king of this genre, but a couple of Indian writers have come
close to creating a super sleuth. As to why there are two foreign writers here, it’s because only a couple of Indian writers have come close to creating a super sleuth.
The Complete Adventures of Feluda, Vol. 1 by Satyajit Ray
Mr Majestic: The Tout of Bengaluru by Zac O’Yeah
Vish Puri series by Tarquin Hall
Picture Imperfect and Other Byomkesh Bakshi Mysteries by Saradindu Bandopadhyay
Pradosh C. Mitter aka Feluda is a private detective who is accosted with murder, mystery, adventure and strange crimes in the course of his job.
Vish Puri believes he is India’s most consummate detective and prides himself on his Holmesian approach to solving crimes. But modern day India is perhaps too modern for his methods.
Mr Majestic aka Hari is a tout in Bangalore, but after one of his schemes leads to a tourist going AWOL, he turns detective to locate her. High on both humour and thrills.
Yet another Bengali detective shows his sleuthing chops in a collection of crime stories. Bakshi was adapted as a television show for Doordharshan in the early 1990s and was quite popular.
Stories based on Indian myths and stories reimagining Indian myths are a huge deal right now. If you’ve exhausted the current favourites and want some more tales of myth and magic, these books should keep you occupied.
GameWorld Trilogy: The Simoqin Prophecies, The Manticore’s Secret, The Unwaba Revelations by Samit Basu
Midnight’s Children by Salman Rushdie
This series is a deliberate hodgepodge of several fantasy tropes. There is a hero, a quest and a villain, but none of it is what it seems.
This book-list favourite is a tome of magical realism. Salim Sinai is born at midnight, August 15 1947, and realises early in his life that he and a number of other children born at that time have magical powers.
The Thousand Faces of Night by Githa Hariharan
The Palace of Illusions by Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni
Three mythological fables – that of Devi, Sita and Mayamma – are interwoven in the story of a young woman as she searches for meaning in her life.
The Mahabharata retold from a different perspective, from that of a woman – Draupadi.
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he d t d n in p To fith behtionshi ren tru rela child eir the opted ith th ad are w Sean aks sh lings, a spe es sib queir dopte mily Se two a eir fa to out thns ab uatio eq
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HARSHA K R, FLICKR
The plight of the adopted
Adopted children aren’t looked down upon, but unfortunately, they are treated as special cases. It seems harsh to think that a child that was given up by its biological parents, for whatever reason, should bear the brunt of modern society after being given a new lease on life. 22-yearold media professional Titus Mehta and 16-yearold high school student Pratik Iyer are proud adopted children who share their stories in this article. Titus was adopted by the Mehta family who have two biological daughters, Priscilla and Lydia. Pratik was adopted by the Iyer family who have one biological daughter Harini.
Adoption isn’t sympathy
Most people have a wrong notion towards adoption. They equate adoption with charity. Jayashree Iyer, Pratik’s mother, says “It’s
the surrounding people that are judgmental and tend to concentrate on issues that have no relevance on the momentous experience (of adoption).” Within the family, adopted children are treated no different from biological children. “When I think of Titus, I don’t think of him as adopted. I just think of him as my little brother,” says Priscilla Roxburgh, biological daughter of the Mehta family.
We fought, argued, cried, laughed and created memories together with no difference because I was adopted. One thing is for sure, I would give my life for my sisters if required. Titus Mehta, 22, adopted member of Mehta family
Outside parties tend to have misconceptions about adopted children. Pratik says, “People think adoptees don’t really listen to their parents. That’s a big misconception.” Jayashree believes it is uninformed people who propagate misconceptions about adoption. Titus knows of real-life adoption cases ending in child labour and sweat shops but most of the time adoption gives a person a new life to be
ADOPTION IN FILMS AND TV SHOWS ▶ Juno (2007) ▶ Despicable Me (2010) ▶ The Blind Side (2009) ▶ Friends, Season 10 (2004) ▶ Modern Family, Season 1 (2009)
thankful for. When it comes to society’s misconceptions, there is a small amount of blame to be attached to sections of the media.
Media and misinformation
Films and television shows that take up the topic of adoption do not deal with it in the right way. Adopted children are portrayed as troublemakers or as charity cases which leads to audiences believing that they do not get along with their family members. The worst examples of films portraying an adopted child poorly are the 1990 film Problem Child and the 2009 film Orphan. Pratik believes people shouldn’t look to celebrities as examples since couples like Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt make adopting a child look far too simple.
Breaking the news
Both Titus and Pratik were raised with the knowledge
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that they were adopted. Pratik read the book Tell Me Again About the Night I Was Born by Jamie Lee Curtis. Jamie Lee Curtis is a Hollywood actress and author with two adopted children of her own. Priscilla and Lydia (Titus’ sisters) and Harini (Pratik’s sister) were informed by their parents about the respective adoptions before the processes were finalised. This allowed them to come to terms with having a new member in their family.
Coming to terms
When realising the true meaning of his adoption, Titus felt the pain of being rejected at birth. But he says it was his sisters who helped him through the process by treating him like a brother and not like a brother from another mother.
RATAN TATA His grandmother adopted him. His father, Naval Tata, himself was adopted by the Tatas – one of India’s biggest business families. SUSHMITA SEN She faced a court case in 2000 for adopting a baby girl as a 25-yearold single woman. She created history by winning the case and also adopted a second daughter in 2010.
Pratik says Harini helped in the process by being there for him and not treating him differently. Siblings play a vital role, especially in the formative years of the adopted child, because they help neutralise pain and anger.
The forbidden ‘A’ word Both Titus and Pratik have said that they have no problem referring to their adoption in jokes. When taken the right way, it is just a part of life which is accepted as it is. However, at times when tempers flare and arguments ensue, the fact that one of the members of the family is adopted looms around like an elephant in the room. But Titus says it is usually he who would yell, “It’s just because I am adopted!” before storming out of the room; never his family.
Eventually he would realise that it was just the heat of the moment and apologise once he had calmed down.
Questions and more questions
The problem never lies in the family questioning itself; it is always in the nosy neighbours and relatives. Titus has faced questions from curious peers like ‘Why were you adopted? What’s your story, bro?’ while Jayashree has been bundled with questions about Pratik such as ‘How did he adjust?’ and ‘How do the siblings get along?’ Jayashree pays the questions no heed because, as she says, “at the end of the day, he is ours and we are his – and that is everything.”
Whose parents are they anyway?
People think the biological siblings would tend to INTERNATIONAL CELEBRITIES WHO WERE ADOPTED be possessive about their parents but Harini explains STEVE JOBS – He was adopted at birth by the Jobs family because it very simply by saying “I his biological parents were not married and faced opposition from love my Appa and Amma their families to keep the child. He went on to become one of the very much and I think greatest innovators of our time. Pratik also loves Appa and FAITH HILL – She was adopted when she was a few days old and Amma very much.” raised with two biological children by devout Christians Edna and Titus has had bouts Ted Perry. Her vocal talents were honed by her adoptive parents at a where he has told his young age to make her a famous country singer. parents that they treat him MICHAEL BAY – He was adopted and raised by a Jewish family who differently because he was encouraged him to search for his birth mother when he was a young adopted. But it was his man. He has gone on to become a famous Hollywood director and sisters who would step in producer. and calm him down enough for him to realise they were MARILYN MONROE – She lived in an orphanage for two years and all part of the same family. with foster parents for most of her early years because her birth The biological sibling mother was mentally unstable. She went on to become one of the is usually compassionate, most famous Hollywood personalities of the 20th century. Her foster especially when they are parents encouraged her to become an actor. elder. They are forthcoming JACK NICHOLSON – He was raised by his maternal grandparents and and do everything possible believed they were his parents. He did not know that the woman he to make sure the adopted believed was his sister was actually his biological mother until a journalist child feels as much a broke the news to him when he was 37 years old. He was hailed as one of member of the family as the greatest actors to work in Hollywood from 1960 to 2000. they themselves. yi APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 63
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What he says is not necessarily what you get. Razi Shaikh decodes the words men frequently utter but don’t always mean
S G N I H T
“We’re just friends.”
What he actually means: I’ll act like your boyfriend but I’m not your boyfriend. Why he says it: This is the safest strategy. Until and unless things actually take a turn, either in his favour or against, he need not bark about it in public. If things don’t work out, he gets saved from being declared the fallen martyr of the friendzone kingdom.
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“We’ll stay in touch.”
What he actually means: If we are to stay in touch, you will have to do most of the work. Why he says it: Building and sustaining any relationship requires much effort and it gets worse when people move to different cities. It’s not a male thing to pick up the phone and call up his friends every other night. That kind of emotional bonding is what we associate women with. Still, at the time of parting, the most courteous and friendly thing to do is to promise to stay connected.
What he actually means: There is no such thing as the last drink. Why he says it: No guy ever sits to drink with a target in mind. Guys don’t fancy someone lecturing them on when and how much to drink. Their displeasure is conveyed with a pitcher full of sarcasm or, as the wise man does, in the form of the above assurance, promptly followed by another drink.
What he actually means: I’m a guy and let’s be clear on this: there are two kinds of men in the world – one who watches porn and the other who is a liar. Why he says it: A lot of women find the idea of watching porn creepy and most would rather not hear of their partners or guy friends watching it. As that has little to no chance of happening, the next best thing for a guy to do is to state they can control their habit, and not the other way round.
“I’m not going to be out for too long.”
What he actually means: I’m going to be out for a long time. Why he says it: Nagging from girlfriends/spouses is one thing most men in a relationship dread. Women might call it concern but a concern twice repeated is nagging in the average male’s dictionary; so before setting out for a night adventure with his bros, this false assurance needs to be given.
“I’m not addicted to porn.”
“I was stuck in traffic/I was driving/I was in a meeting.”
What he actually means: I wasn’t busy but I wasn’t interested either in picking up your call either. Why he says it: It’s not easy for a man to admit that he is in no mood to talk (either due to exhaustion, boredom, or something similar). This excuse is therefore dished out.
“This is the last drink.”
“It’s a long story.”
What he actually means: It IS a long story but you’re not going to hear of it. Why he says it: Some things (*cough* skeletons in the closet *cough*) are meant to stay there. No man worth his pride is actually going to talk about it.
“I remembered it until yesterday.”
What he actually means: My memory is not your calendar. I can’t keep stock of all wretched occasions. Why he says it: Men tend to not to remember birthdays, anniversaries, special days that had been decided years ago and the like. Not that men have a memory problem, it’s just that they don’t retain the less important stuff.
“Sure/Yes/I get you.”
What he actually means: I’m kind of screwed here but my ego will keep the news away from your ears. Why he says it: Men prefer to handle their problems alone, in their own way. Any offer for help, at least in the beginning, is taken as an indication that they can’t manage it on their own. Until all his options are exhausted, he is not going to accept he is in trouble.
What he actually means: What on earth are you talking about? Why he says it: When it comes to those long drawn conversations, which few men have an appetite for, there is little they can do other than nod every now and then, or add an occasional ‘yes’, ‘right’ and so on. That is the cue for you to change the topic and wake him from his slumber. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 65
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housands of restaurants around the world excel in serving varied cuisines of food, but what sets them apart from each other is the experience that accompanies the dining. A dinner in the sky or one amidst the ocean leaves a patron with much more to think about than just a delicious meal. We present a list of restaurants that are amazingly bizarre in their theme and décor as they are in the overall experience they offer.
Christon Café Tokyo, Japan
CONRAD HOLIDAYS, FLICKR
Resembling a gothic cathedral, Christon Café has an air of mystery governing its unique concept and setting. High ceilings, dimly lit chandeliers, gargoyles, vintage looking goblets and cutlery and other religious paraphernalia make this Tokyo eatery an fascinating place to visit. The restaurant also has on display crosses, statuettes of Mother Mary and other Christian imageries taking themed restaurants to a whole new level.
The first ever undersea restaurant, Ithaa in Maldives is located 16 feet into the sea. A diner can enjoy a panoramic view of the ocean right in front of his eyes without the need of any kind of oceanic equipment. Created from acrylic with a transparent roof, the restaurant also transforms into a hotel depending on the number of diners on a particular day. While it can be rented for wedding receptions and other social events, it plays host to a rather small number of guests. Ithaa can be accessed via ferry leading to an enclosed spiral staircase directed towards the restaurant. Undoubtedly, Ithaa offers a magnificent view of what underwater goodness looks like in all its glory.
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around the world
Trishann Henriques lists five restaurants popular for their out-of-the-world themes
Magic Restroom Café, LA
Picture this: food items served in toilet-shaped dishes meant to be eaten while sitting on a seat resembling a commode. As absurd as it may seem, there exists a restaurant that is completely and utterly toilet-themed. Everything about it from the cutlery to the décor has been made to resemble a restroom. If not grossed out by this one-of-a-kind theme, a customer is sure to have quite an interesting dine-out experience at the Magic Restroom Cafe in Los Angeles.
Dinner in the Sky, Montreal Canada
Transform a simple meal into something extraordinary by dining at a table suspended 50 meters off the ground. Dubbed as being one of the most unique dining experiences, Dinner in The Sky surpasses the idea of what traditional dining was meant to be. The dining experience comes with a private or a divided session of eight hours complete with food and a total of three wait staff at constant service, all floating mid-air. The Dinner in the Sky experience is not only limited to Canada, but can also be witnessed in Italy, Brussels, Jeddah, the Monte Carlo Rivera and several other world cities.
Van Gogh is Bipolar, Quezon City, Philippines
WORLD TO TABLE, FLICKR
Van Gogh is Bipolar takes the prize for being the weirdest of restaurants in our story. The owner of the restaurant, Jetro Rafael, was detected with bipolar disorder and found that launching his very own restaurant would serve as being a sort of release for it. A one-man army, the owner is the chef; he welcomes his guests and is also quite the entertainer whenever the need arises. The ambience is reminiscent of a cosy home where one can relax and have a good meal. And its décor further cultivates this vibe with cluttered walls adorned with paintings, clocks, frames and even Post-Its. Serving only 12 dinners per night, this restaurant is an audacious example of selling not just the food, but the entire dining experience upon entry to the very end of a meal. yi
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What inspired you to take up photography?
My first camera which my father gifted during my university years. No film, it was a digital Canon camera.
What do you look for when you take a picture? What kind of stories do you wish to convey?
In my frame, I look for abstraction, colours, lines, shadows, textures, faces, composition of industrial, architectural structures with a hint of simplicity. Stories of emotions.
SALAMAT HUSSAIN, M.F.
Has your late grandfather influenced your work?
Yes, he definitely has.
What is the climate like in India for young, amateur photographers?
There is always a new emerging photographer round the block.
What is your next project?
My next project is an ongoing book that I have been working on of East Africa.
Hussain’s grandson, Tell us about your latest exhibition ‘25 has followed his famous kilos’. grandfather’s footsteps into Brainstorming on titles for the show, I was asked, “How do you travel? And what do you carry?” to the world of visual art. His instrument, however, which I replied, “My camera bag and another bag with my necessities.” When asked if it was heavy or is not a paintbrush but a light, that’s when I said, 25 kilos is what my camera camera. Youth Inc catches bag weighs when I travel, and hence formed the title up with him of the show. yi
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POINT OF VIEW
CELEBRATED PHILANTHROPIST Our prestigious celebrity columnist Nisha JamVwal was recently awarded for her social work. Youth Inc tells you more about her achievements
Nisha JamVwal was awarded the Women’s Achievers Award from the World Women Leadership Congress on 15 February. The award was given to her by Dr. R.L. Bhatia, Founder and Chief Editor of World CSR Day for her outstanding career performance and CSR work.
Nisha is well known for her extensive contribution to the NGO sector. Her work with traditional Indian craftsmen as a crusader to save the dying art of Indian crafts is world renowned. She has authored two books on saving Indian craft.
She also recently conducted an auction and raised substantial funding for orphaned children, while promoting the cause of adoption for the NGO Catalysts for Social Action.
FOR THE DISABLED
Nisha also serves on the board of AID (Accessibility for Individuals with Disability) where she works to help lobby
with the public sector to build ramps and wider doors, public facilities and transport that are conducive for use by the disabled.
FOR STREET CHILDREN
Nisha has also received praise for her commendable work in putting together the ‘India On Canvas’ auction for Khushii Foundation that works for street children where she had Aishwarya Bachchan, Amitabh Bachchan, Praful Patel, Sunil Bharti Mittal, Balasaheb Thackeray, Sushmita Sen, Pawan Munjal and Tina Ambani paint canvases to raise awareness and funds for the benefit of the NGO’s work for street children.
Nisha’s personal commitment to contributing towards a better India saw her organising a fundraiser for Teach for India and she is currently involved with supporting further fundraising efforts for their various programmes.
FOR THE GIRL CHILD
She has raised awareness for the need to protect the girl child and added her voice
to the campaign against female foeticide at ‘I Am She’ with Sushmita Sen, and with famed cricketer Chris Cairns to promote education of underprivileged children.
Nisha’s work also extends to animal rights with her joining hands to support Maneka Gandhi’s PFA (People For Animals) efforts.
IN HER OWN WORDS
Nisha says, “It is a great honour to receive this prestigious award. I have always believed that a sense of responsibility to the community is an essential quality towards a better tomorrow, and have strived to exemplify that ideal in my own life. In India we have so much that requires support and attention – from art to sport, healthcare, education, children’s and women’s causes and so much more.” yi
Read more of Nisha’s point of view at www.nishajamvwal.blogspot. in, tweet to her @nishjamvwal and write to her at firstname.lastname@example.org APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 69
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BUN QUEEN, FLICKR
te, here are Trendy and easy to creaght to try four braid ideas you ou
FRANCESCA TIBERIO, FLIC KR
...LOVE MAEGAN, FLICKR
Celeb Secrets Model and actor Amyra Dastur made her Bollywood debut with the film ‘Issaq’ last year. She will be seen in the upcoming Tamil film ‘Anegan’ this year
Skin care regime I wash my face once in the morning, once in the evening and then just before I sleep. I use toner, Lacto Calamine lotion, an under eye cream and a light moisturiser before applying makeup.
foundation. L’oreal for eyeshadows and eyeliners. Lakme for blush, foundation powder and mascara.
Magic makeup trick Concealer! It works on anything and everything and all you have to do is blend it properly.
A beauty faux pas to avoid Heavy eyes, heavy lips and heavy blush. It just doesn’t work.
5 beauty must-haves Black liquid eyeliner, lipsticks that pop, foundation, blush and mascara.
Fashion advice for young women The right attitude beats any label and any makeup. Confidence makes you feel Favourite makeup brands secure and enables you to present your true beauty to M.A.C. for lipsticks. the world. Chanel for liquid Favourite fragrance Belle Opium by Yves Saint Laurent
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DEGREES N O I T A R A P SE
ple – re al o e p o w t y n A may or fic t ional – e ac h c onne c t wit h ps te o t he r in six s oof? pr or le ss. Want H e re it is
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Gadgets Gizmos Geeks
Which is the best mid-range smartphone?
We compare the latest releases in the mid-range smarthpone market and tell you which one is the best option if you are looking for an affordable upgrade
MOTO X `23,999 FEATURES 4.7-inch touchscreen 16 GB internal memory 2 GB RAM 10 MP rear camera, 2 MP front camera 1.7 GHz dual-core processor Android v4.4 (KitKat) OS PROS Advanced voice-control Strong build and ergonomic design Excellent software enhancements Excellent battery life Latest Android operating system
SAMSUNG GALAXY GRAND 2 `22,999 FEATURES 5.2-inch touchscreen 8 GB internal memory (expandable) 1.5 GB RAM 8 MP rear camera. 1.9 MP front camera 1.2 GHz quad-core processor Android v4.3 (Jelly Bean) OS PROS Good camera quality Excellent battery life Good screen resolution CONS Poor performance from low RAM Poor audio quality in speaker Bulky and inconvenient Lacks few important features like a notification light
CONS Poor quality camera Poor speaker
SONY XPERIA T2 ULTRA `25,990 FEATURES 6-inch touchscreen 8 GB internal memory (expandable) 1 GB RAM 13 MP rear camera, 1.1 MP front camera 1.4 GHz quad-core processor Android v4.3 (Jelly Bean) OS PROS Excellent camera quality Comes in dual SIM variant CONS Low RAM
FINAL VERDICT: The Moto X is officially the first smartphone put out in the market by Motorola that has been developed with Google since the takeover. It fares better in most features, particularly the efficiency of Google Now that makes hands-free use possible. It is our favourite in the current market. 74 Youth Incorporated APRIL 2014
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PS FREE AP
Apps to prank your friends with
April is the month of fun, frolic and pranks, and a few apps in your phone can pack in a lot of thrills
HORROR CAMERA Platform: Android, iOS Description: Make every picture you
take seem like you took it in a haunted area. Gather your friends and family for a group image, snap a picture through these apps and add ghost-like wispy additions to the capture. Cue horror.
DUDE, YOUR CAR!
ULTRA VOICE CHANGER
Platform: iOS Description: This is perfect for that one
Platform: Android, iOS Description: For the old-school
friend who is obsessed with their ride. Take a picture of their car/bike/scooter and add some photo effects – scratches, dents, broken glass, etc – and send the edited image to your friend. Watch sparks fly.
prankster who still loves prank calls, this app will come in handy. Record your voice, turn it robotic or ‘possessed’ or anything else you’d like, and send the recording to an unwitting friend.
SOUND PRANK/PRANK* Platform: Android/iOS Description: Play a random sound through one of these
apps (crickets chirping or a baby crying), hide your phone from plain sight, and enjoy watching your friends in the room hunt nook and cranny for the source of the noise.
IDIOT TEST/ SCARYCAM Platform: Android/iOS Description: This app starts up as a typical quiz app. Pass on your
phone to a friend to answer some simple questions. And then randomly, in the middle of the quiz, when a scary face pops up on the screen, your friend will jump out of their skin. ScaryCAM provides the additional feature of recording your friend’s priceless reaction. APRIL 2014 Youth Incorporated 75
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LEGEND OF THE SEEKER
This is for fans of magic. A Seeker named Richard Cypher, a Confessor called Kahlan Amnell, a wizard – Zeddicus Zu’l Zorander, and a warrior called Cara defend their kingdom against oppression and devastation.
M A T C H M A K E R T V
The Tudors is loosely based on English king Henry VIII’s life – specifically, his affairs with numerous women, as well as politics in his court. Henry’s competence as a ruler is tested by numerous conflicts.
The rise of the Italian Borgia family to the top of the Roman Catholic Church and its attempts to maintain its grip over power form the premise of this show. Even though The Borgias was cancelled after three seasons, its high production values make it a worthwhile watch.
THE PILLARS OF THE EARTH
The fictitious town of Kingsbride is in chaos during The Anarchy years of 12th century England. After King Henry I’s death, his nephew and daughter engage in a battle for the throne. The chaos of the time is highlighted through the building of a cathedral in Kingsbridge.
The Roman empire falls into a disarray after the death of Julius Caesar and a bitter struggle for power breaks out. While the nobility fight for control over the empire, two soldiers, Lucius and Titus, are caught between their battles.
Based on the stories of Viking Ragnar Lodbrok, a mythological Norse hero, the show portrays Ragnar as a Viking farmer and the pioneering raider of England in his quest to discover civilisations beyond the seas.
M A T C H M A K E R
al An epic historic tinent the fictitious con of e n ro th e th r fo e arily between th of Westeros, prim ’ guys) and the ‘ bad Lannisters (the is ’ guys). The series Starks (the ‘good ntury Wars of the ce based on the 15th ed between the noble ag w as w Roses that r the ster and York fo ca an L of s ie il m fa nd. throne of Engla
RONE S GA ME OfaFntaTsyHon the fight
M A T C H M A K E R
The new season of ‘Game of Thrones’ is out this month, but if one episode a week is not good enough for you, here are some television shows you can watch in the interim
M A T C H M A K E R
BEST OF M o v i e s / T V / M u s i c / B o o k SHOWS FOR THE GAME OF THRONES JUNKIE
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CAPTAIN AMERICA: THE WINTER SOLDIER
Stars: Chris Evans, Scarlett Johansson, Sebastian Stan and Anthony Mackie Plot: Two years after The Avengers, Steve Rogers is struggling to fit into modern society when he faces an old nemesis, the Soviet agent known as the Winter Soldier. Release date: April 4
Stars: Amitabh Bachchan, Boman Irani, Usha Jadhav and Parth Bhalerao Plot: The friendly ghost is back to his usual ways. He teams up with a street-kid named Akhrot to put an end to corrupt politicians by competing in the elections. Release date: April 11
Voices: Jesse Eisenberg, Anne Hathaway, Leslie Mann, Bruno Mars Plot: Blu, Jewel and their three kids move from Rio de Janeiro to the Amazon rainforest where they meet Jewelâ€™s longlost father as well as encounter Nigel, the villainous cockatoo, while trying to save the rainforest. Release date: April 11
THE AMAZING SPIDERMAN 2
Stars: Andrew Garfield, Emma Stone, Jamie Foxx and Dane DeHaan Plot: Peter Parker continues living a dual life as a high school student and Spider-Man as he faces the biggest challenge of his life against the new villains Electro and Rhino. Release date: May 1
F O R EI G N L A N G UAG E F I L M S R E M A D E I N E N G L I S H I N 2 014
S L E
Four incredible franchises are coming up with sequels to their previous films this month. We tell you which dates are worth locking down in your calendar
BRICK MANSIONS (25 APRIL)
Remake of 2004 French film District 13
GODZILLA (16 MAY) Remake of 1954 Japanese film Gojira
THE LOFT (AUGUST) Remake of 2008 Belgian film Loft
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B A T T L E
T H E
C O V E R S
Cover by Laura White We love: The vocalist’s soulful voice and the musician’s great guitar playing.
v/s Cover by Alexa Goddard We love: The impressive use of the cajon throughout which adds to its ‘happy’ factor.
H A PPY BY PH A R ELL W ILLIA M S Cover by Michael and Jackie Crasto We love: The impeccable falsetto by Michael in the chorus.
v/s Cover by Michelle Montezeri We love: The effortless hitting of the highnotes.
T E A M BY LO R D E Cover by Danny Eggenhuizen We love: The vibe of the video and the beautiful use of the instruments – the cajon, the shaker and the guitar.
v/s Cover by UponCollide We love: The raw edge to the voices of the singers coupled with acoustic rhythm. A good cover of Bastille’s original.
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PLACES AND EVENTS FOR THE MONTH
BOVEDA, MUMBAI With its raw-meets-tasteful décor and a constant flow of young people, Boveda is one of THE places to visit. VIBE: Brick laden walls, an unfinished wood panelled bar accompanied by chic furnishings, Boveda’s décor radiates a modern vibe. MUSIC: While EDM dominates the music scene at Boveda, the DJ spins everything from rock to blues and also throws in some commercial tracks occasionally. BITES N BOOZE: A relatively compact menu, the dishes are not limited to popular flavours. The Madras Curry Pizza is quite unique in its use of a strong coconut flavour while Death by Sandwich is pure sin for a meat lover. Tranquility, a blend of Cranberry juice mixed with a Brazilian rum called Sagatiba, is perfect. The Café Bomb, Green Beast and the Spiked Old Fashion are must tries in their cocktail menu. FAB OR DRAB: Boveda is the ideal place to herald the weekend. A patron can enjoy the music while also munching on some of the restaurant’s unique and delicious preparations. BEST NIGHT: Beer Fest Tuesday, EDM Saturday and Soulful Sunday are crowd-pullers. G04, Morya Landmark One, Off New Link Road, Oshiwara Village, Andheri Lokhandwala, Mumbai - Trishann Henriques
`1 n per perso
GROUND ZERO, MUMBAI
n per perso
Mumbai always welcomes the addition of a new lounge to its nightlife sector and Ground Zero at C’est la vie is set to fit right into the cadre of the city’s most loved hangout spots VIBE: Seating and table arrangements flank the walls of the lounge with an open space for those willing to shake a leg in the middle of the haunt. The lights are dim and the music doesn’t overpower conversations. MUSIC: Each day of the week has a different style of music assigned to it. From rock on Monday to dance music on weekends, there is something for everyone. BITES N BOOZE: The bar menu is extensive while the food menu has limited choices. The signature Tropical Mojito is an excellent drink as is the wellfavoured Pomegranate Martini. For a quick bite, the Jalapeno Poppers and Corn Cheese Seekh Kebab are a vegetarian’s delight while the Rosemary & Thyme Murg Tikka is a non-vegetarian’s must-have. Their thin crust pizzas are excellent for a light meal. FAB OR DRAB: With live screenings of sports matches and a dance floor for the partygoers, everyone is bound to enjoy the place. The generous Happy Hours are also a hit for all. BEST NIGHT: Saturday night C’est La Vie, 164, Hill Road, Bandra West, Mumbai - Sean Sequeira
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THE BISTRO STORY, CHENNAI
This Gopalapuram based tavern boasts of an open kitchen, warm Warli painted walls and quite an impressive menu. It has two seating areas, both of which have totally different yet cosy interiors. CUISINE: European, Italian and Continental. FOOD AND DRINK: For starters, the Eastern Sharing Platter and Assorted Seafood Starters work well. The former has feta and olive skewers that are average, falafel and hummus which are fantastic and also very different, and tzatziki spinach and corn fattayar which again are nothing great. The Seafood Starters have crispy shrimp crackers, breaded fish fingers and prawns along with a chilli lime dip, all of which are absolutely delicious. For the main course, the Morrocan Style Lamb Stew with saffron causcaus is appetising, with the lamb tenderly cooked along with chickpeas and sweet potato. For vegetarians, the Tikka Grilled Paneer Triangles with lentil and tomato stew and basmati pilaf are a good choice. The Sticky Date Pudding oozes a heavenly honey-like sauce that complements the vanilla ice-cream perfectly. The Triple Chocolate Crumble is also worth a try. OVERALL: The food is a treat and the ambience promises privacy and undisturbed conversations. Although the music played could be a lot better, The Bistro Story is a restaurant worth exploring. 24, Sadasivam Street, Gopalapuram, Chennai - Nirva Vira
EVENTS THIS MONTH INDIA FIESTA LATINA 2014
`4 n per perso
The third edition of the India Fiesta Latina will be hosted by Papa CJ. It promises to be a celebration of all things Latin in a long weekend that will have non-stop dancing, madness and partying. Gurgaon – 11-13 April
Singapore’s most popular comedy show will be hosted in India by Amit Tandon. It will bring together the 6 best comics from Delhi in a six round competitive format which is sure to leave everyone in peals of laughter. Gurgaon – 30 April
ANTHEMS OF ROCK
Darjeeling will witness its first ever international rock show with the biggest stars of the 70s and 80s set to play a concert in the town. Eric Martin, Robert Hart and Bobby Kimball are the musicians who will headline the show. Darjeeling – 19 April
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TRENDS OF THE MONTH
RIP-OFF!!! SHERLOCK at is it
CU PC AK ES !
Wh ian with In der s an d filmmak bility their in ae to cr e a t g somethin T he origin al? sualty latest ca would belock the Shere which franchis copied ha s been comin g in the up Hin di film& Co.’ ‛Samrat
The mothe old recordedr aof a 3-yearvideo of her son arguin cupcakes an dg with her for uploaded it to the internet. Th over 4 million e video had the mother-so views an d eventually vin duo were ted to Th Ellen Show in where the boey was given m or cupcakes than he coule d carry.
K ALKI’S R ANT
Kalki Koechlin e and performed a monwrolot og ue for Women’s Day last mon Once the entire monologth. was uploaded to the inte ue in video and text, there rnet multiple opnions on wh were it truly represented woether everywhere or was justmen an outburst of a frustrated actress.
F IR S T K IS S
A video of 20 the fir st time stranger s kissin g for w revealed to be ent viral but was later bran d. Nonethea promo for a clothing parodies of do less it spawned many time, stranger gs kissin g for the fir st s pe on each other rformin g sexual acts an d much mor e.
ASSANGE END ORSES
After reports em en dor sed Naren erged that Julian A ssange n ever dra Modi, Twit made-up en dor ter was abuz z with sements.
By Lavanya Karthik
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