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Basic course dfq 999 df ljleGg ;/sf/L ;]jf tyf ;+3 ;+:yfx?df hflu/ vfP/ cfkm\gf] sl/P/ agfpg rfxg'x'G5 < olb To;f] xf] eg] bfofF afofF ;f]Rg} kb}{g lsgsL ljut !@ jif{b]lv oxfFx?sf] ;]jfdf ;dlk{t New Vision Computer Center df ljleGg sf]if{x?M Basic, Diploma, Tally, Hardware & Networking.

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New Vision Computer Center

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(Naya Yugbodh National Daily Dec. 4, 2019)

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@)&^÷&& sf nflu ljlgof] hg u/] sf] rfn' / k"“hLut ah] 6sf] clVtof/L ;fpg ! ut] g} sf] if tyf n] vf lgoGqs sfof{non] kfO;s] sf] lyof] . t/ klxnf] rf} dfl;sdf ;a} sfof{nox? ljQLo kult k"“hLut eGbf a9L rfn''ut g} a9L /x] sf] ;"rgf clwsf/L l8;Ln] atfpg''eof] . ljsf;sf] k''/ fg} l;i6d /x] sfn] klg o:tf] b] lvPsf] pxf“n] atfpg''eof] . kltzt h''g l;i6d cem} km] l/g g;Sbf ljsf; ah] 6 xtf/df kl5 #!=$^ ;lsg] pxf“ n ] atfpg' e ' of] . pxf“ n] kltzt eGg''eof] –… ljsf;sf] l;i6d cem} p:t} (=*) 5 . h;sf sf/0f ljsf; ah] 6sf] vr{ klxn] / clxn] df s''g} km/s cfpg kltzt ;s] sf] 5} g .Ú c;f/] ljsf;s} kj[lQ !&=#! rf8kj{ / lxnf] lsrf] sf] ;do ;lsP kltzt klg ljsf;] sfddf c;f/] kj[lQ b]lvPsf] 5 . ;do x'“bf;Dd r'k nfu]/ a:g] clg *=!% cfly{s jif{sf] clGtd rf} dfl;ssf] klxnf] dlxgfb] lv ljsf;] sfdsf] sfo{ yfngL x''g] kj[lQ bf]xf]l/g] b]lvPsf] ;"rgf clwsf/L l8;Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg''eof] – …sfd u/] ljsf; vr{sf] lgsf;f hlta] nf klg x''G5 . t/ ljsf;sf] kj[lQ c;f/ klv{g} kg{} 5 .Ú

sd{rf/L cfGbf]lnt, ;]jfufxL dsf{df

q cf] k] Gb a:g] t

t'n;Lk'/ , !& d+l;/ . sfof{no kd'vn] tf] s] sf] sfd gug] { eGb} g] kfn 6] lnsdsf s] xL sd{rf/L cfGbf] ngdf plqPkl5 ;] jfufxL dsf{df k/] sf 5g\ . ljut !) cf+} jif{b] lv Pp6} zfvfdf sfd ub} { cfPsf g] kfn 6] lnsdsf s] xL sd{rf/Ln] cfkm"x?;“u s'g} ;dGjo gu/] / lhDd] jf/L af“8kmf“8 u/] sf] eGb} sfdsfh 7Kk kf/] kl5 ;] jfufxL dsf{df k/] sf x'g\ . 6] lnsdsf sd{rf/L cfGbf] ngdf plqPkl5 n] vf, ah] 6, :6f] / / 6] lnkmf] g dd{tsf] ;a} sfd ;f] djf/b] lv 7Kk 5 . 6] lnkmf] gdfkm{t dd{t / sfof{nod} cfP/ ljleGg ;] jf lng] ;] jfufxLsf] ;+Vof w]/} /x]sf] sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . ;f] djf/ sfof{no kd'v rGbg s'df/

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xf] ls xf] Og <Ú sfof{no kd'vn] u/] sf] lg0f{o clxn] klg uf] Ko /flvPsf] ltjf/Lsf] u'gf;f] 5 . sfof{nodf cGoqaf6 ;?jf eP/ cfPsf tLg hgf sd{rf/LnfO{ klg cfGbf] ng/t sd{rf/Lsf] zfvfdf ;dGjolagf lhDd] jf/L tf] lsPkl5 pgLx? cfqmf] lzt ePsf x'g\ . ;] jfufxLnfO{ l56f] 5l/tf] / r': tb'?:t ;] jf kbfg ug{ ljleGg ;dodf ;?jf eP/ cfPsf sd{rf/LnfO{ sfdsf] lhDd] jf/L lbbf o:tf] cj:yf cfPsf] g] kfn 6] lnsdsf kd'v rGbgs'df/ emfn] atfpg'eof] . ;?jf eP/ cfPsf tLghgf sd{rf/L dlxgf} +b] lv sfdsf] lhDd] jf/L gkfp“bf km';{lbnf lyP . …of] xfdf] cfGtl/s s'/ f xf] Ú– sfof{no kd'v emfn] eGg'eof] – …cfpg';\ 5nkmn u/f} + eg] sf] 5' . dflg/xg'ePsf] 5} g . 3/sf] s'/ f xf] xfdL 3/leq} ldnfp“5f+} .Ú

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dfl;s 8]9 nfv tnj dfq} afF“8\l5g\ q bz/y l3ld/] b] pv'/ L, !& d+l;/ . jfSo km'6] g . cf“vf /ftf eP . cf“;' l9Ssf ag] / v:g yfn] . ljut ;Dembf cem} pxf“sf] d'6' o;} u/L eSsflgG5 . lj:tf/} pxf“n] cfkm\gf] jt{dfgsf pknlAw atfpg yfNg'eof] . To;kl5 pxf“ ;Dxflng'eof] . …ljutdf hfg} dg 5} g ca . h] 5 jt{dfgdf 5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …hLjgdf w] / } psfnL cf] / fnL ul/of] .Ú aflnsf cf] nLsf] hLjgdf g;f] r] sf] 36gf eof] . hLjgel/ ;fy lbg] afrf u/] sf hLjg;fyLn] csf{] ljjfx u/] . Tolt dfq} xf] Og, ;DklQ gfddf t ul/lbP . Tof] ;DklQ lwtf] /fv] / >Ldfgn] (% nfv a} +saf6 C0f lgsfn] . ;a} /sd >Ldfgn] nu] . clg aflnsfnfO{ C0fsf] ef/L af] sfOlbP . aflnsfn] tLg jif{ eGbf a] ;L lx+;f ;x] / a:g'k¥of] . lx+;f ;xg} g;s] kl5 cbfntdf l8ef] ;{ d'2f rNof] . jif{ lbgdf d'2fsf] lsgf/f nfUof] . ;DaGw ljR5] b x'“bf pxf“;“u Ps ?k} of“ klg lyPg . b'O{ 5f] / fsL cfdf alg;s] sL aflnsfnfO{ cfkm\gf] / CMYK

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vf] Ng'ePsf] 5 . oxL pBf] udf clxn] pxf“n] !% hgfnfO{ kToIf /f] huf/L lbg'ePsf] 5 . /f] huf/L kfpg] clwsf+z lx+;fdf k/] sf dlxnf 5g\ . dfl;s em08} 8] 9–b'O{ nfv ?k} of“ tnj dfq} a'emfpg'x'G5 . …Ps ?k} of“ gx'“bfsf] kL8f s:tf] x'G5 eGg] cg'e"lt d;“u 5 . t/ hLjgdf slxNo} x/] z vfg'x“'b} g eGg] l;sfO ePsf] 5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …lx+;fdf k/] + . ca s] xL ug{ ;Sb} g ls eg] / ;f] Rg' g} unt

/x] 5 . s;/L d ;kmn x'g ;S5' eg] / Odfgbfl/tfsf] ;fy nugzLn eP/ sfd ug] { xf] eg] ;kmntf w] / } 6f9f /x] g5 .Ú aflnsfn] ufd] {G6 pBf] usf] sdfOaf6 !# s6\7f hUuf hf] 8\g'ePsf] 5 . h] 7f] 5f] / fnfO{ k9\g !^ nfv vr{ u/] / ci6«] lnof k7fpg'ePsf] 5 . rf/j6f d] l;g / tLghgf dlxnf sfdbf/ /fv] / pxf“n] ufd] {G6 pBf] u vf] Ng'ePsf] xf] . clxn] pBf] udf !% j6f d] l;g / !% hgfn] kToIf /f] huf/L kfPsf 5g\ . dfl;s nfvf} +sf] sf/f] jf/ x'G5 . df} ;d cg';f/sf sk8f pBf] udf aG5g\ . hf8f] df} ;dnfO{ rflxg] sk8f l;nfpg sfdbf/ Jo:t 5g\ . laxfg ( ah] b] lv a] n'sf ^ ah] ;Dd km';{b 5} g . pxf“n] pTkfbg u/] sf ;a} sk8f kb] z % / s0ff{nL kb] zsf lhNnfx?df laqmL eO/x] sf 5g\ . … c8{/ n] km';{b lbb} g . lxhf] pBf] u el/e/fp lyof] . ;fdfg k7fP“ . ca km] l/ gof“ sk8fsf] c8{/ cfPsf] 5Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof] – …xftdf ;Lk x'g] xf] eg] h:tf] ;d:ofaf6 klg kf/ kfpg ;lsG5 .Ú

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a+unfb] zn] rf/ :j0f{, tLg sf:o / @! /ht u/L @* kbs xft kf/] sf] 5 . dflNbE;n] Ps :j0f{df dfq} lrQ a'emfPsf] 5 eg] e'6fgn] tLg /ht kbs dfq} xft kf/] sf] 5 . dlxnf elnandf :j0f{ lhTg] ;+efjgf u'Dof] g] kfn !# cf} + ;fusf] dlxnf elnandf :j0f{ lhTgaf6 al~rt ePsf] 5 . d+unjf/ lqk'/ ] Zj/l:yt se8{ xndf ePsf] kmfOgndf g] kfn ef/t;“u #–@ sf] ;] 6df xf/ Joxf] b} { /ht kbdf lrQ a'emfpg afWo ePsf] xf] . t/ klg g] kfnL elnansf] Oltxf;df of] klxnf] ;fu /ht kbs xf] . wfljsf ;Gtf] ifL >] i7n] !# cf} + blIf0f Pl;ofnL v] ns"bdf d+unjf/ :j0f{ kbs af“sL $ k]hdf: 

b'3{6gfdf !$ hgfsf] d[To'

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sfsL{, ^% jifL{of emjL sfsL{, $) jifL{o dx] Gb sfsL{, $% jifL{of e"ld sfsL{sf] d[To' ePsf] kx/Ln] hgfPsf] 5 . To;} u/L b'3{6gfdf k/L d[To' x'g] df @% jifL{of dLgf a:g] t, ^% jifL{o wgaxfb'/ sfsL{, afUn'ªsf] al8uf8 ufp“kflnsf–% sf %% jifL{of nIdL s] ;L, gjnk/f;L ab{3f6 gu/kflnsf–@ sL ^) jifL{of d'gf sfsL{, s~rgk'/ sf %% jifL{o wgaxfb'/ sfsL{ /x] sf 5g\ . b'3{6gfdf 3fOt] x'g] df gjnk/f;L ab{3f6 gu/kflnsf–@ sf @@ jifL{o hLjg sfsL{, O:df ufp“kflnsf–$ sf rf/ jifL{o lxdfn sfsL{ / ;f] xL ufp“kflnsf–$ sL @# jifL{of dLgf s] ;L /x] sf 5g\ . pgLx?nfO{ yk pkrf/sf nflu sf7df8f+} k7fOPsf] 5 . 3fOt] sf] ] cj:yf uDeL/ /x] sf] kx/Ln] hgfOPsf] 5 .

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oxL ldlt @)&^ d+l;/ @! ut] zlgjf/sf] lbg sf7df8f}+ jL/ c:ktfndf nfdf] ;do sfd u/L cg'ej kfKt xfn a'6jn l;6L c:ktfndf sfo{/t k]6 tyf sn]hf] /f]u ljz]if1 DM -Uofi6«f]OG6]/f]nf]lhi6_ 8f= d's]z zdf{ cfpFb} x'g'x'G5 . ljz]if1åf/f lbOg] ;]jfx?M v nfdf] ;dob]lv k]6 b'lv/xg] v lb;faf6 /ut b]lv/xg] v vfgf vfPsf] ckr x'g] k]6df xfjf el/Ph:tf] dx;'; x'g] v 5ftL kf]Ng] 8sf/ cfpg] l/+uf6f nfUg] v 3fF6Ldf s]xL c8\s]sf]h:tf] dx;'; x'g] v lb;f slAhot x'g] d'vdf cldnf] kfgL cfO/xg] v lgbf gnfUg], v jiff}{+b]lv hl08;\ jf sdnlkQ bf]xf]l//xg] jf b]lvg] pkrf/ u/] klg lgsf] gePsf]nfO{ ;kmn pkrf/ v x]kf6fOl6; la tyf l; sf] ;kmn pkrf/ tyf k/fdz{ ;]jf v k]6sf lj/fdLn] r]s u/fpg cfpFbf vfnL k]6 cfpg'xf]nf v Kofª\lqmofhsf] ck]zg u/L a;]sfsf] pkrf/ tyf k/fd;{ ;]jf v k]6sf leqL c+ux? cN6«f;fp08 d]l;g / OG8f]:sf]kL ljlwaf6 /f]usf] klxrfg u/L ;kmn pkrf/ ul/G5 . la/fdL hfFr x'g] ;doM laxfg & ah]b]lv

{ ;Dks

kNnjL cf}ifwL k;n t'n;Lk'/rf]s 3f]/fxL, bfª kmf]g g+= )*@–%^!^*# df]= (*$&(@%&))

kf]/jfn sDKn]S; g]kfnu~h–@ 3/af/L 6f]n xfdf] sDKn]S;sf ;'ljwfx? clkm;, ;+3;+: yf, xf] 6n, bf] sfg, AC ?d, gfg AC ?d / xn kfls{ª ;d]t ePsf], h'g dxfg'efjx?nfO{ afxndf rflxof] eg] of] g+= x?df ;Dks{ ul/lbg'xf] nf .

kf]/jfn sDKn]S;

;Dks{ g+= )*!–%@)&## (*%*)@!&##


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(Dec 4, 2019)

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ei6frf/sf] 8/nfUbf] tl:a/ ;d'bfon] g} ug'{k5{ ;fdflhs qmflGtsf] cu'jfO g] kfndf 7"nf] /fhgLlts kl/jt{g ePsf] 5 . hxflgofF zf;gsf] aa{/ tfaf6 cfhsf] v'nf nf] s÷u0ftflGqs o'udf kj] z ug'{ ;fgf] kl/jt{g xf] Og . efiff h] kof] u u/] klg of] /fhgLlts qmflGt g} xf] . t/ h'g:t/df /fhgLlts qmflGt eof] , To;sf] t'ngfdf ;fdflhs ;f+: s[lts qmflGt ePs} 5} g . ;f+: s[lts ?kfGt/0f cln hl6n klqmof xf] . o;sf nflu qmlds kof; ub} { hfg'k5{ t/ ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0f eg] rfF8f] rfF8f] ug{ ;lsG5, o;df ;d'bfosf] ;r] t kxn eg] rflxG5 . klxn] sf] t'ngfdf t xfdL w] / } cufl8 a9] sf 5f} + t/ c?n] rnfOlbg] cleofgn] ;d'bfosf] dg 5'g ;Sb} g . s'g} a] nf xft w'g;d] t ljb] zLn] l;sfpg] cj:yf xfdLn] gAoxf] / ] sf] xf] Og . 3/df rkL{ agfpm / rkL{d} lbzf u/ eg] / l;sfpg' dfq k/] g, rkL{ gagfpg] nfO{ ;/sf/L ;] jf ;'ljwf /f] Sg] ;Ddsf cleofg rn] . oL cleofg lyP, hf] s] xL ;do rN5g\ t/ /fHo jf c? s;} n] ;w} + ul//xg ;Sb} gg\ . oL cleofg ;d'bfon] g} rnfP eg] ;fFlRrs} ;fdflhs ?kfGt/0fn] ult lnG5 . cl:t dfq} k"jL{ t/fO{sf] hgsk'/ df Pp6f dxTjk"0f{ sfd ePsf] 5 . hgsk'/ wfddf #& hf] 8Lsf] bfOhf] la/f] wL ;fd"lxs ljjfx ul/Psf] 5 . bfOhf] kyfsf sf/0f 5f] / f5f] / Lsf] ljx] u/fpFbf s} of} + kl/jf/ 3/af/ljxLg aGg' kl//x] sf] a] nf k"jL{ t/fO{df bfOhf] lagf g} ;fd"lx?kdf ul/Psf] of] ljjfx ;fFlRrs} ;fdflhs qmflGtsf] z'?jft dfGg ;lsG5 . o;/L #& hf] 8Ln] ;fd"lxs ljjfx ug{ cleefjs / ;dfh;Fu lgs} ;+3if{ ug'{k/] sf] 5 . dxTjk"0f{ kIf t o;df ljZj lxGb" kl/ifb\ g] kfnn] cfof] hssf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/] / ;Dk"0f{ ljjfx vr{ Aoxf] l/lbPsf] 5 . of] lsg dxTjk"0f{ xf] eg] lxGb" afx'Notf /x] sf] g] kfndf lxGb" wd{;Fu ;DalGwt ;+: yfx?n] vf;} ;fdflhs kl/jt{gdf ;xof] u k'Ug] sfd ul//x] sf 5} gg\ . of] k[i7e"lddf :jo+ lxGb" ;d'bfo / g] kfnL ;dfhsf nflu klg of] dxTjk"0f{ sfd xf] eg] csf] {lt/ bfOhf] kyfnfO{ lxGb" ;+: sf/s} Pp6f kf6f] sf] ?kdf lng] unt cEof;sf la?4 klg of] ;zQm va/bf/L xf] . Psflt/ d08kdf ljjfx rln/x] sf] x'G5 eg] csf] {lt/ bfOhf] sf] n] gb] g klg rln/x] sf] x'G5 . To;} n] bfObf] lxGb" ;+: sf/s} kf6f] xf] ls eGg] ed w] / } df 5 . of] ljjfxn] To;f] xf] Og, lxGb" ;+: sf/ k'¥ofP/} ljjfx u/] klg bfOhf] lbg'kb} {g eGg] ;Gb] z lbPsf] 5 . ca o:tf ;fdflhs cleofg Aofks agfpg'k5{ / To;sf] cu'jfO ;d'bfoaf6} ul/g'k5{ . h'g–h'g cleofg ;kmn ePsf 5g\, To;sf] cu'jfO ;d'bfoaf6} ul/Psf 5g\ . clxn] 7fpF– 7fpFdf ;r] t afnaflnsfn] afn Snadfkm{t afnljjfx /f] ls/x] sf 5g\ . cfdf ;d"x / o'jf Snan] h'jf tf; /f] ls/x] sf 5g\ . gofF k': tfn] 5'jf5'tnfO{ 3f] / ck/fwsf] ?kdf af] w ug{ yfn] sf] 5 / ;f] xLcg';f/ ;dfgtfsf] Aojxf/ ug{ yfn] sf] 5 . dlxnfdfly x'g] n} +lus lje] bsf la?4 ;fdflhs hfu/0fsf cleofg rln/x] sf 5g\ . oL ;a} cleofgnfO{ ;fy{s agfpg Pp6} af6f] ckgfpg'k5{, Tof] xf] ;fdflhs qmflGtsf] cu'jfO ;d'bfoaf6} u/fpg] . ca g] kfnn] c+lusf/ ug{ vf] h] sf] ;dfhjfbpGd'v /fHoAoj:yfsf] kl/sNkgf klg oxL x'g'k5{ ls ;r] t gful/s, ;zQm ;d'bfo / alnof] /fHo . o;f] x'Fbf cfwf ;d:of JolQmaf6} ;dfwfg x'G5g\, afFsL cfwf ;d:of ;d'bfoaf6} ;dfwfg x'G5g\ / alnof] /fHon] ;] jf ;'ljwf a9fP/ cfkm\gf] e"ldsf :yflkt u5{ .

s;n] s] eg] < glthfn] s] –s] km\ofS6/n] ubf{ xfdLn] r'gfjdf ck] lIft ;kmntf xfl;n ug{ ;s] gf} + . ck] Iff ul/Psf] 7fpFdf lhTg ;s] gf} + . alnof] ks8 ePsf] 7fpFdf u'dfof+} . kf6L{sf] a} 7sdf o;af/] /fdf] ;dLIff x'G5 . – dfwjs'df/ g] kfn -g] kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ -g] skf_ sf jl/i7 g] tf_ xfdLn] Ps ufpFkflnsf cWoIf, Ps pkfWoIf / s] xL j8fWoIf u'dfPsf 5f} + . To;df sdhf] / Lsf] ;dLIff ug] {5f} + . t/ kb] z @ sf] /f} tx6, ;'b"/ klZrd kb] zsf] a} t8L, kb] z % sf] c3f{vfFrL clg kb] z # sf] lrtjg, kb] z ! sf] w/fg / pkTosfsf] eQmk'/ df kfKt kl/0ffdn] xfdLnfO{ pT;flxt t'NofPsf] 5 . – ljZjksfz zdf{ -g] kfnL sf+u] ;sf kjQmf_ s] of] gL ljif k'?ifx?sf] ljif vGofpg] efF8f xf] < s] of] gL lkt[;Qfsf] ljifbfgL xf] < Oltxf;b] lv jt{dfg;Dd :qLb] x cfdf xf] ls efF8f] xf] < – lgef zfx -;flxTosf/_ ef/tLo v]nf8Ln] s'ga]nf 6Ss/ lbg] xf] eGg] nfu]sf] lyof] . geGb} %) ld6/ afFsL /xFbf pgL tLj ultdf s'b\g yflng . Tolta] nf d} n] ;a s'/ f ;lDemPF . d} n] PYn] l6S; v] Ng u/] sf] Tofu, 5f8] sf] hflu/, 3/ kl/jf/sf] ;dy{g, u'?x?sf] ldlxg] t, ;fyLx?sf] xf} ;nf ;a ;lDemPF . clg h;/L klg s'b\g k5{ eg] / clGtd %) ld6/ ;Sg] hlt s'Fb] . – ;Gtf] ifL >] i7 g] kfnsf nflu cGt/f{li6«o :j0f{ lhTg] klxnf] v] nf8L,

g] kfn w] / } ei6frf/ x'g] d'n'sx?sf] dflyNnf] ;"rLd} k5{ . ei6frf/ d'n'ssf] ljsf;sf] Ps kd'v afwssf ?kdf /x“b} cfPsf] 5 . ei6frf/ lgoGq0f x'GYof] eg] ;DejtM d'n'ssf] tl:a/ g} a] Un} x'GYof] . ei6frf/sf sf/0f d'xf/ km] l/g g;s] sf d'n'sx? ;+;f/df lgs} 5g\ . ei6frf/n] d'n'snfO{ wld/fn] em+} leqleq} vf] qmf] agfp“5 . g] kfnsf] l:ylt cfh To:t} 5 . xfdf] ;Gbe{df ei6frf/ 8/nfUbf] ;+qmfds /f] usf ?kdf /x] sf] 5 . of] Pskl5 csf] { lk9Ldf x:tfGtl/t x'“b} 5 . ei6frf/ eGbf cfly{s s'/ f h:tf] dfq a'lemG5 t/ o;sf] cfofd km/flsnf] 5 . ei6frf/sf cg] s ?k / If] qx? 5g\ . cfly{s If] q Ps dxTjk"0f{ kIf dfq xf] . g] kfnnfO{ x] bf{ dflyb] lv tn} ;Dd ei6frf/ ;+: yfut ePsf] xf] ls h:tf] b] lvG5 . sltko kfl1s JolQmTjx? o;nfO{ g] kfnsf] ;du g} lts kl/l:ylt g} laluPsf] ?kdf klg cYof{pg] u5{g\ . ei6frf/ d"ntM g} lts d"No;“u hf] l8Psf] ljifo ePsf] n] o;nfO{ o; ?kdf k:t't ug] { u/] sf] kfOG5 . d'n'sdf nf] stGqsf] k'g:yf{kgfkl5 ei6frf/df sdL cfpg] 5 eGg] df w] / } sf] ljZjf; lyof] . of] ljZjf; :jfefljs klg lyof] . lg/ª\s'ztfsf lj?4sf] nfdf] ;+3if{kl5 nf] stGqsf] k'g:yf{kgf ePsf] lyof] . t/ o;f] x'g ;s] g . ei6frf/ df} nfpg z'? u¥of] . ;'zf;g w] / } ukmsf] ljifo dfq aGof] . ei6frf/sf sltko sf08x? lg/ª\s'z zf;gsf] a]nfnfO{ klg la;f{pg] u/L eP . nfdf] ;+3if{, Tofu / alnbfgkl5 ;Qf?9f ePsf g] tfx?df b] lvPsf] d"No lj36g pb] s nfUbf] dfq lyPg, 8/nfUbf] klg lyof] . s} of} +n] o:tf] l:ylt b] Vg'knf{ eg] / ;f] r] sf;Dd lyPgg\ . x] bf{x] b} { s} of} + ul/a g] tfsf] hLjgdf lhaf] 6f] Sg'kg] { cfly{s kl/jt{g cfof] . ltgsf] ju{ / hLjgz} nL ablnof] . efiff / /xg;xg km] l/of] . of] b[Zo ;f“lRrs} cgf} 7f] / x[boljbf/s lyof] . of] cfkm\g} Oltxf;kltsf] e2f dhfs lyof] . gLltut / cfly{s ei6frf/ ax'bnsf] k'g:yf{kgfkl5 h;/L a9\of] , sltko ljZn] ifsx? o;nfO{ cfZro{hgs dfG5g\ . g] tf, zf;s, gf] s/zfx, Jofkf/L, pBf] uklt cflb ei6frf/ / o;sf] ;+: yfut ljsf;sf] d'Vo sf/ssf ?kdf /lxcfPsf 5g\ . ;a} nfO{ Pp6} 8fnf] df xfn] / x] g{ plrt geP klg ei6frf/ /fhgLlts txaf6} ;+/ lIft aGg k'Uof] / cGox? o;sf ;xof] uL aGg k'u] . ;/sf/sf] g] t[Tj ug]{ /fhgLlts kf6L{x? o; ljifodf s7f] / x'Gy] eg] kl/l:ylt a] Un} x'GYof] . cfly{s ei6frf/eGbf gLltut ei6frf/ emg 8/nfUbf] x'G5 . o;n] gLltut?kdf ei6frf/sf lglDt dfu{kz:t ug] { sfo{ u5{ . gLltut ei6frf/n] ei6frf/nfO{

d'n'snfO{ gof“ lbzf lbg / ;d[4 agfpg ;+sNka4 g] skfsf kltlglwx?n] ug'{kg] { klxnf] ;+3if{ g} ei6frf/;“u xf] . ei6frf/ klg ug] { clg d d'n'snfO{ ;d[4 / hgtfnfO{ ;'vL klg agfp“5' eGg] s'/ f t km6\ofO“ dfq xf] . ;f] emf] efiffdf eGg] xf] eg] of] t …g/sÚlt/sf] ofqfsf] tof/L xf] . ei6frf/nfO{ sfvL Rofk] / hfg] eg] sf] ;dfhjfb xf] Og Tot} lt/ xf] . hgtfn] ;'zf;g, cfly{s, ef} lts ljsf; / cGo dxTjk"0f{ ;'wf/ Pj+ kl/jt{g vf] h] sf a] nf ei6frf/ df} nfpg yfNg' eg] sf] l9nf] rf“8f] b'lb{gsf] cf/De x'g' xf] .

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;+: yfut ug{ dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf ;Dkfbg u5{ . ax'bnsf] k'g:yf{kgfkl5 gLltut ei6frf/ a9\of] . o;n] ei6frf/ ug{ ;lhnf] agfof] . o;sf] cf/f] kdf sf/jfxL ug{ cK7] / f] klg eof] . ei6frf/ lgoGq0f ug] { lgsfox?nfO{ sdhf] / agfOof] . tL klg o;df c+lzof/ aGg yfn] . l;ª\uf] l;:6d g} ljs[t / lj;ª\ut aGg yfNof] . kf6L{x?sf] laluPsf] 5lj, ;'zf;gsf] cefj, ljsf;sf] ;': t ult, g} lts d"Nosf] xf;n] k'g:yf{lkt nf] stGqsf cufl8 uDeL/ r'gf} tL v8f u/] . kltudg eof] . 1fg] Gb ;Qfdf cfP . 8] 9 bzs laTbf glaTb} kl/b[Zo ablnof] . nf] stGqsf lglDt k'gM ;8sdf cf] n{g'k¥of] . /fhfsf] dxTjfsf+Iff o;sf lglDt w] / } lhDd] jf/ 5 t/ uNtLdfly uNtL u/] sf /fhgLlts bnx? o;sf lglDt sd lhDd] jf/ 5} gg\ . )^@–)^# sf] cfGbf] ngkl5sf] kl/jlt{t kl/l:yltdf klg ei6frf/ sd x'g ;s] sf] 5} g . ei6frf/ lgoGq0fsf klta4tfx? eg] h:tf] u/L sfof{Gjog x'g ;s] sf 5} gg\ . ei6frf/sf] ufkmn] dflg;nfO{ lg/fz dfq agfPsf] kfOGg cfqmf] lzt t'NofPsf] klg kfOG5 . zf;g;Qf ei6frf/sf ax'cfoflds ?kx?af6 cfqmfGt 5 . o; lj?4sf sf/jfxLx? Tolt kmnbfoL x'g ;s] sf 5} gg\ . sf/jfxLsf] klqmof klg ;': t / nlrnf] 5 . zlQm s] Gbx? ei6fx?sf] ;+/ If0fdf ;lqmo 5g\ . ;Qf cfkm} ei6frf/df nfu] kl5 sf/jfxLsf] s'/ :jtM sdhf] / x'G5 . o:tf bh{gf} + b[i6fGtx? 5g\ h;n] cfhsf] ei6frf/sf] sxfnLnfUbf] tl:j/nfO{ xfdf ;fd' /fV5g\ . cbfnt h:tf] Goflos ;+: yfdfly klg cfh uDeL/ kZgx? p7fO“b} 5g\ . GofofwLzx?sf] cfnf] rgf a9] sf] 5 . laub} u/] sf] g} lts kl/l:yltsf sf/0f h;/L eP klg sdfpg'k5{ eGg] dfGotf ;dfhdf alnof] ag] sf] 5 . o:tf] dfGotfn] ;fwgsf] kljqtfnfO{ dfGb} g . dfWod h] eP klg x'G5, sdfP k'U5 eG5 . dfWod h] eP klg x'G5 eGg] wf/0ffn] ei6frf/tkm{ 8f] ¥ofp“5 . h;/L sdfP klg sdfPsf] dflg;sf] tfl/km g} ;dfhn] klg u5{ .

a9\bf] pkef] Qmfjfb, cfly{s dxfTjfsf+Iff, zlQmsf] cEof;, lj;ª\ut / ljs[lt agfOPsf] /fhgLlt, d"Nosf] IfoLs/0f cflb ei6frf/sf sf/ssf ?kdf /x] sf 5g\ . clVtof/n] ev{/ } kb] z / kflnsfx? ;DaGwL Pp6f kltj] bg ;fj{hlgs u/] sf] 5 . ;fduL k7gLo / dggLo /x] sf] 5 . o; ;fduLn] dfly elgPsf] s'/ fnfO{ g} k'li6 u5{ . kltj] bgn] kb] z / kflnsfx?df ei6frf/ a9\of] eG5 . kb] z / :yfgLo ;/sf/df clgoldttf / ei6frf/ a9] sf] s'/ f cGo sltko ;+3;+: yfx?n] klg eGb} cfPsf 5g\ . clVtof/ t ;/sf/s} ;+j} wflgs lgsfo xf] . cGo ;+3;+: yfx?sf] egfOdf k"jf{ux, cltzof] lQm / unt tYofª\s 5 eGg ;lsPnf t/ clVtof/n] g} o; ;DaGwL oyfy{nfO{ cufl8 /flvlbPkl5 l:ylt :jtM :ki6 x'G5 . kb] z / :yfgLo ;/sf/x?df ei6frf/ kfOg' cgf} 7f] s'/ f xf] Og . ei6frf/sf] h'g l:yltsf dfem d'n's plePsf] 5, oL ;/sf/x?df klg ei6frf/ a9\g' :jfefljs 5 . dflylt/ laluPkl5 tnlt/ laug] g} eof] . ei6frf/ tnaf6 dflylt/ hf“b} g, dflyaf6 tnlt/ em5{ . klxn] klg :yfgLo lgsfox?df ei6frf/ ljBdfg lyof] . of] lj/f;t h:tfsf] t:t} 5 . zlQmzfnL :yfgLo ;/sf/x? ei6 aGb} hfg] ;Defjgf clVtof/sf] kltj] bgn] b] vfp“5 . p;sf] kltj] bg ef] lnsf lglDt uxlsnf] kf7 xf] . ;+3Lo ;+/ rgfdf tnsf ;/sf/x?sf] dxTj w] / } x'G5 . kflnsfx? t o; b[li6n] cem dxTjk"0f{ 5g\ . ;+ljwfgn] pgLx?nfO{ w] / } clwsf/ kbfg u/] / zlQmzfnL agfPsf] 5 . :yfgLo ;/sf/x?n] ;+ljwfgsf] dd{cg'?ksf] ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f ug{df dxTjk"0f{ of] ubfg lbg ;S5g\ . :yfgLo ;/sf/x? nf] stGqsf cfwf/ x'g\ . nf] stGqsf] dd{sf] sfof{Gjog, ;dfhsf] nf] stflGqs/0f / g} lts d"Nosf] :yfkgf hgtfsf] /fhgLlts ;zlQms/0f, ;fdflhs–;f+: s[lts ?kfGt/0f, cfly{s, ef} lts ljsf;df :yfgLo ;/sf/x?n]

dxTjk"0f{ of] ubfg lbg ;S5g\ . eflifs, ;f+: s[lts, wfld{s, n} +lus Pj+ hftLo lje] b / pTkL8gsf] cGTo ub} { ;dfgtf / ;fdflhs Gofosf] :yfkgfsf] lbzfdf P] ltxfl;s e"ldsf ;Dkfbg ug] { b[li6n] klg :yfgLo ;/sf/x?sf] e"ldsf dxTjk"0f{ /x] sf] 5 . ;a} b[li6n] ;d[4 g] kfn lgdf{0fsf lglDt :yfgLo ;/sf/x? ;a} eGbf dxTjk"0f{ /x] sf 5g\ . o:tf lgsfox?df clgoldttf / ei6frf/ a9\g' lrGtfsf] ljifo xf] . w] / } kb] z / kflnsf ;/sf/x? g] skfsf] g] t[Tjdf 5g\ . o; b[li6n] clVtof/sf] kltj] bg cem uDeL/ / ;+j] bgzLn ljifo aG5 . d'n'snfO{ gof“ lbzf lbg / ;d[4 agfpg ;+sNka4 g] skfsf kltlglwx?n] ug'{kg] { klxnf] ;+3if{ g} ei6frf/;“u xf] . ei6frf/ klg ug] { clg d d'n'snfO{ ;d[4 / hgtfnfO{ ;'vL klg agfp“5' eGg] s'/ f t km6\ofO“ dfq xf] . ;f] emf] efiffdf eGg] xf] eg] of] t …g/sÚlt/sf] ofqfsf] tof/L xf] . ei6frf/nfO{ sfvL Rofk] / hfg] eg] sf] ;dfhjfb xf] Og Tot} lt/ xf] . hgtfn] ;'zf;g, cfly{s, ef} lts ljsf; / cGo dxTjk"0f{ ;'wf/ Pj+ kl/jt{g vf] h] sf a] nf ei6frf/ df} nfpg yfNg' eg] sf] l9nf] rf“8f] b'lb{gsf] cf/De x'g' xf] . clVtof/n] clgoldttf / ei6frf/ sxf“–sxf“ x'g] u/] sf] 5 eg] / klg /fdf] ;“u cf} +NofPsf] 5 . p;sf] kltj] bg cg';f/ ^! ksf/sf clgoldttf x'g] u/] sf 5g\ . of] hgf sfof{Gjog tyf Joj:yfkg, ;] jf tyf vl/b sfo{, sd{rf/L Joj:yfkg, ;'/ Iff eQf tyf ;] jf ;'ljwf ljt/0f, hUuf l;kmfl/;, lzIff If] q Joj:yfkg, pBf] u snsf/vfgf ;~rfngsf] cg'dlt, 9'+uf, lu§L / afn'jfsf] 7] Ssf, k] ZsL km5\ of} {6, of] hgfsf] /sd km/kmf/snufotdf clgoldttf / ei6frf/ kfOPsf] 5 . tflnd tyf Ifdtf ljsf;;“u ;DalGwt sfo{qmdx?df klg clgoldttf kfOg] u/] sf] 5 . tflnddf pg} dflg;x?sf] k'g/fj[lQ, Go"g kltkmn, cTolws vr{ h:tf sdhf] / Lx? /xg] u/] sf 5g\ . clVtof/sf] kltj] bgn] h] h:tf] lrq k:t't u/] sf] 5, o;sf] lgoGq0f ;dod} gx'g] xf] eg] ef] lnsf] tl:a/ cem eofjx x'g] 5 . clVtof/n] clgoldttf /f] Sg tLg} txsf ;/sf/x?nfO{ lgb] {zg lbPsf] 5 t/ olt dfq kofKt 5} g . o;sf lglDt /fhgLlts OR5fzlQm / To; cg'?ksf] e"ldsf klg cfjZos 5 . ;DalGwt lgsfosf] ;lqmotf / b08n] o;nfO{ s] xL lgoGq0f unf{ t/ o; ;Gbe{df /fdf] kl/0ffd /fhgLlts OR5f zlQmaf6 dfq kfKt ug{ ;lsG5 . ei6frf/ /fhgLlts ;+/ If0fdf df} nfPsf] a] nf o;sf lj?4 /fhgLlts zlQm g} pl7a:g' k5{ .

ct[Kttf Pp6f dfG5] sf] nflu hLjgofkg ug{ slt ;DklQ rflxG5, sltn] k'U5, kof{Kt x'G5 < s'g kbdf k'u] kl5 dfG5] sf] cfzlQm d5{ < o;sf] dfkg ug{ ufxf] /x] 5 . t/ of] kb / ;DklQ jf wgsf] nf] e eGg] lrh o:tf] x'g] /x] 5, hlt kfof] , hf] 8\ of] , y'kf¥of] plt a9\b} hfg] /x] 5 df] x . ca t eof] , k'Uof] , of] eGbf a9L rlxPg, rflxb} g, elgb} g . clg h;n] hlt w] / } kb kfp“b} , sdfp“b} hfG5, plt u'dfp“b} hfg] /x] 5 . wgn] wg tfGg] pkfo vf] H5, kbn] klti7f cfh{g ug] { af6f] ckgfp“b} hfG5 . cfkm\g} kl/jf/ / Hofglt/ klg Wofg lbg ;Sb} g, vf] Hb} g, kfp“b} g . sfnn] 5f] 8\nf a? s] xL ;do t/ kb, wg / ;DklQ sdfpg] nfn;f -gzf_ df km;] sf] dfG5] n] 5f8\b} g . t/ h;/L cfzlQmn] hf] 8] sf] x'G5 p;n] ;DklQ, kof] u ug{ kfp“b} g p;} n] Ps/lQ . grfx“bf grfx“b} klg hfg'k5{ 5f8] / . b'lgofaf6 efu] / . cfPs} uGtJolt/ nfu] / . hfGg eGg kfOGg . k'm;{b 5} g, Psl5g kv g eg] / klg x'Gg . x] bf{ x] b} { nf] nfp“5g\ cf“vf . af] Nbf af] Nb} aGb x'G5 af] nL . rNbf rNb} rNg 5f8\5g\ xft v'§f, aGb x'G5 d'6'sf] w8\ sg, ;don] lbG5 r8\sg, clg km] bf{ km] b} { km'lTsG5 ;f; . ot} a:g] /x/ ubf{ub} { eOG5 :ju] {jf; . cfkm"n] kfPsf] kb, To;/L sdfPsf] , hf] 8] sf] , ;DklQ n} hfg kfOGg . klxn} k7fP/ kl5 cfkm" hfG5' eg] / klg x'Gg . cfkm"n] kof] u ug{ gkfpg] , g;Sg] Tof] ;DklQsf nflu dg] { a] nf;Dd klg dfG5] n] u/] sf] unkmQL b] v] / sfnn] klg lvTsf 5f8] / xf“: bf] xf] . To:tf] ;DklQ y'kfg{ dfG5] lsg oltljlw nflukbf] { xf] , dl/d] 6\ bf] xf] < a'lemg;Sg'eof] . ct[Kttfsf] Tof] cx+sf/n] ;+;f/ vfof] , 5fof] . ;a} s'/ f eP/ klg gePsf] agfof] . wgkltnfO{ s+ufn x'gaf6 hf] ufPg . h;n] hf] 8\of] , p;} n] ef] u] g, ef] Ug kfPg, lbPg . o:tf] ePsf] b] Vbfb] Vb} klg lzIff lnOPg . kf7 l;lsPg . t[Kt x'“bfljlQs} , ;Gtf] if ubf{ljlQs} ,

ef} lts ;'v ;'ljwf / kb klt7fkltsf] cfzlQm 5f8\bf lalQs} , kultsf] ult /f] lsG5 xf] nf / < /f] lsGg . a? cem a9L ;'ema'emk"0f{, wL/, uDeL/, zfGt, zfnLg, ;f} Do ;fws kf] aGg ;lsG5 xf] nf . xtf/f] ug] {n] cfkm\g} z/L/ / kl/jf/nfO{ b'Mv lbPsf x'G5g\, kL8f k'¥ofPsf e] l6G5g\ . cfkm} c;Gtf] ifsf] cfuf] df hn] / c?nfO{ klg hnfPsf x'G5g\ . kb kfP/ / ;DklQ eP/ klg gePh:tf aG5g\ . hlt eP klg k'Ub} g . ePsf] kb / ;DklQsf] ;b'kof] u ug{ g;s] / c?lt/ cf“vf nufp“bf, 7"nf] efu vf] Hbf, /x] sf] klg a] jfl/;] aGg k'U5 . c?nfO{ ef8fdf lbP/ cfkm"n] To;} sf] /sd a'em] / hLljsf rnfpg k/] sf] b] lvG5 . cyf{t\ e'O“sf] l6Kg vf] Hbf kf] N6fsf] kf] lvPsf] kQ} kfp“b} gg\ . To:tf dfG5] slxNo} c3fp“b} gg\ . t[Kt -;'vL_ x'“b} gg\ . xf] nf, Pp6} k] zf / Joj;fon] hLjg wfGg ufxf] ePsf] klg . t/ cfkm"eGbf tNnf] :t/sf] juL{o w/ftndf /x] sf] kl/jf/n] s;/L hLjg wfg] sf] 5, ToxL x] / ] / klg lrQ a'emfpg t ;lsG5 lg † pg} sf] ;DklQ, k] zf / Joj;fo ef8fdf lnP/ rnfpg] n] dgUu] cfDbfgL ug{ ;Sg] , kl/jf/ kfn] / Joj;fo a9fpg klg ;Sg] , cfkm} n] rnfP/ ug{ g;Sg] xf] eg] sdhf] / L rflx“ cfkm} sf] b] lvof] lg † t/ Tof] sdhf] / L :jLsfg{ rflx“ g;Sg] , c? w] / } tfSg] , cfkm} nfO{, cfkm\gf] kb / ;DklQnfO{ sd cf“Sg] , cx+sf/sf] aGws agfP/ cfkm} nfO{ /fVg] n] slxNo} ;'v kfp“b} gg\ . ePsf] ;'vsf] klg cg'e"lt ug{ ;Sb} gg\ . gePsf] vf] h] / t8\lkG5g\ . t8\ lkbf t8\lkb} cnlkG5g\ . /fd /fd eGg] dfq} xf] To:tfnfO{, sf“w yfKg ;lsGg . yfk] / klg kf/ nufpg kfOGg . kf/} nflu;s] kl5 klg p:t} /xG5g\ . hlt eP klg k'u] g eg] / ?G5g\ . efUodfgL x'“bfx'“b} klg cefuL x'G5g\ tL . efUo -ks[lt kbQ kltef÷Ifdtf_df ePeGbf a9\tf / ;doeGbf cufj} s] xL klg x'Gg, kfOGg eGof] eg] 6f] S5g\ . cfkm\ gf] sd{sf] kmn cfkm} af] S5g\, ef] U5g\ .

hlxn] e] 6\bf klg k'k'{/ f] 7f] S5g\ / bf] if hlt c?sf yfKnfdf yf] k5{g\ . cfTdkz+;f ug] { / cfTd/ltdf /dfpg] To:tf ;Hhg, ;Hhg x'“bfx'“b} klg ;dfhdf b'h{gdf ulgG5g\ . bDeL elgG5g\ . ljgoL x'g} kfp“b} gg\ . cfhLjg ljbf] xL h:tf b] lvG5g\ . sfd s] xL gePsf km';{b klg gkfPsf, To:tf JolQm hxf“sf] txL+ /xG5g\ . df} sf kfp“bf÷lbO“bf ;fgf] dfGg] , yf] / } eGg] , ;fgf] af6} 7"nf] x'G5 eGg] s'/ f ghfGg] , yf] / } af6} w] / } x'g] xf] eGg] s'/ f ga'‰g] ;“u s] xL nfUb} g . b'Mv efUb} g . ePsf] ;'v lng g;s] kl5, ghfg] kl5, b'Mv t cfkm} n] a] ;fPsf] xf] lg † c? s;} n] yf] k/] sf] t x} g, t/ ;dfh / zf;g Joj:yfnfO{ cf/f] k nufpg 5f8\b} g . cfkm\gf] cfgLafgL v/fa xf] eg] / gdfg] kl5 ;Defljt ljsNkn] klg sfd nfUb} g . sb cg';f/sf] kb gkfP/, ;DklQ geP/ b'MvL x'g' / b'Mv kfpg' t :jfefljs} xf] nf . eP/ klg lrQ a'emfpg g;Sg] , kl/rfng ug{ gEofpg] , c?nfO{ sfddf nfufpg] / cfkm"n] ukm} df lbg latfpg] xf] eg] pTkfbg a9\b} g . kultn] lzv/ r9\b} g . dWodjuL{o / To;eGbf dflysf kfl/jf/sf] ;d:of xf] of] g] kfnsf] . ljZjf;sf] ;+s6 5 cfkm} leq . ToxL /f] un] vfPsf] 5 ljlrq . aflx/ pkrf/ vf] h] / s;n] ;'v kfPsf] 5 < 5} g . ljkZogfdf hfg dfGb} g . c?nfO{ uGb} g . 6] b} {g . cfkm} nfO{ x] b} {g . afgL Joxf] / f km] b} {g . To;kl5 x'g] x'gfdL pxL xf] , hxf“sf] ToxL+ xf] . e'?ª hlt gfr] klg e'O“sf] e'O“ eg] sf] To;} n] xf] . Pshgf dfG5] n] slt ljwfdf xft xfn] / kf/Ët x'g ;Snf < olt g} eGg ;lsGg xf] nf . Pp6f, b'O{j6f, tLgj6f, rf/j6f dfq x} g, eP hltsf ;a} df d} hfGg] 5', eGg' slt zf] egLo xf] nf < of] rflxof] , Tof] rflxof] , pm klg rflxof] eg] / sxf“ kfOG5 < kfOGg . otf xft xfn] sf] 5, ptf xft xfn] sf] 5, htf kfof] pt} v'§f k;f/] sf] 5, xft nDsfPsf] 5, cf“vf rDsfPsf] 5, dg yfDg ;s] sf] 5} g,

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olQn] x'“b} g, sltn] k'Ug] xf] yfxf 5} g . sxf“ uP/ cl8g] xf] , 6'Ëf] 5} g . h] b] v] klg p;} nfO{ rflxg] , c?n] u/] sf] lrQ ga'emfpg] , cfkm"n] ug{ g;Sg] , c?nfO{ klg ug{ glbg] , clg s;/L xf] ;kmn x'g] < x'“b} g, eO“b} g, slxsf] klg /lxb} g . …g Ow/ /x uof, g pw/sf xf] kfofÚ eGg k/] sf] To:t} nfO{ xf] nf . cyf{t\ otfsf] g ptfsf] ePkl5 kf/ nfUb} g . gbLsf b'a} lsgf/af6 Ps} rf] l6 ofqf ug{ ;lsGg . tn / dfly Ps} rf] l6 k'Ug ;lsGg . kfn} kfnf] t x'G5 klg . kfnf] gklv{g] , cfkm} dfq rls{g] , clg s;n] xf] ;3fpg] / c3fpg] < To:tfnfO{ s;n] lsg / s;/L kTofpg] , sf“w yfKg] , sfvdf /fVg] < cfz ubf{ ub} { :ju{af; x'G5 . hLjg ;lsG5 xtf/f] d} . c?nfO{ kf] km';{b 5} g eGg kfOPnf . kfnf] k'u] kl5, af] nfj6 eO;s] kl5 gfO{+ eg] / / sfO“sfO“ u/] / 5f8\b} g . Tof] lbg slxn] cfp“5 eg] / yfxf lbb} g s;} n] klg . hGdbf xf] ;\ jf dbf{ xf] ;\, cfkm} n] yfxf kfP/ u/] sf] x'“b} g s;} n] klg . d] / f] efUo d} agfp“5', c?sf] klg agfP/ b] vfp“5' eg] / km'lt{ ug] {n] g} cNkfo'd} af6f] ttfPsf 5g\ . c?nfO{ arfpg] lrlsT;s cfkm} aF“Rb} gg\ . b'lgofsf] lrgf x] g] {, efUo atfpg] Hof] ltifLsf 5f] / L l5§} ljwjf ePsf] klg b] Vg kfOG5 . To;} n] , xf] To;} n] cfkm} nfO{ x] g] { leqL cf“vf rflxG5 . To;kl5 aNn t[Kt eOG5 . gq eO“b} g . slx“sf] klg /lx“b} g . s] x'g] < 0npaudelg@gmail.com


CMYK

#

@)&^ ;fn d+l;/ !* ut] a'wjf/ (Dec. 4, 2019)

cledt

www.nayayougbodh.com/E-mail: yougbodh@gmail.com

ev{/ } pklgjf{rg @)&^ zflGtk"0f{?kdf ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . #& lhNnfdf %@ j6} l/Qm :yfgdf hgkltlglw r'lgPsf 5g\ . bfªdf klg lgjf{rg If] q g+= # v kb] ;;ef ;b:o / 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !^ sf] cWoIf kbdf hgkltlglw r'lgg'ePsf] 5 . hgtfsf] lx;fjn] of] pklgjf{rgdfkm{t cfkm\gf kltlglw u'dfp“bf /x] sf] l/Qmtfsf] k"lt{ u/] sf 5g\ eg] tLgj6} txsf ;/sf/, hgkltlglw, kltkIf bnsf nflu of] r'gfj s:tf] /x\of] t < pklgjf{rg @)&^ n] lbPsf] ;Gb] z s] xf] eGg] ljifodf bfª lhNnfsf ljleGg If]qsf JolQmx?;“u lnOPsf] cledt oxf“ k:t't ul/Psf] 5 . –;Dkfbs

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ljsf;df ult ln“b} a+unfr'nL

7"nf bnsf] ljsNk gful/sn] cem} vf]h]sf 5}gg\ sfd gu/] hgtfn] 5fGb}gg\ eGg] ;Gb]z uPsf] 5 ev{/ } pklgjf{rg ;lsPsf] 5 . bnx?sf] hLt xf/sf] s'/ f ubf{ l;6sf lx;fjn] sl/j– sl/j p:t} – p:t} g} /x\of] . vf;} tndfly x'g;s] g . kd'v bnx?n] cfkm"n] lht] ] sf s] xL :yfg u'dfP eg] s] xL gof“ :yfgdf hLt xft kf/] . t/ l;6sf lx;fjn] km/s gk/] sf] b] lvG5 . o;n] s] b] vfp“5 eGbf bnx?n] vf;} pNn] Vo sfd u/] sf] eGg] hgtfnfO{ cem} k/] sf] 5} g . g ;Qfwf/L bnx?n] ;/sf/ ;~rfngdf pNn] Vo /fdf] sfd u/] / hgdt Psnf} 6L kfg{ ;s] g t ;/sf/L sfdsf] /rgfTds va/bf/L u/] / hgtfsf kIfdf pNn] Vo sfd u/] sf] eGb} kd'v kltkIf bnn] g} l;6 a9fpg ;Sof] . of] lx;fjn] hgtfsf cf“vfdf bnx? p:t} –p:t} 5g\ / pgsf sfddf klg e"ldsfcg';f/sf] ;'wf/ jf /fdf] x'g ;s] sf] b] lvPg . t/ cfkm\gf k'/ fgf lj/f;t hf] ufpg bnsf sfo{stf{x? ;zQm?kd} cl3 a9] sf] kfOof] . o;n] o'jf pmhf{nfO{ bnx?n] ;b'kof] u ug'{k5{ eGg] ;Gb] z lbPsf] h:tf] dnfO{ nfU5 . r'gfjdf o'jfx?sf] ;lqmotf h;/L b] lvof] . Tof] ;lqmotf c? ljsf; / lgdf{0fsf sfddf klg nufpg ;Sg] xf] eg] ;d[l4 Nofpg ;xh x'G5 eGg] dnfO{ nfu] sf] 5 . sxL+st} bnsf g] t[Tjsf] sdLsdhf] / Ln] bnx?n] cfkm\gf lj/f;t u'dfPsf 5g\ . dnfO{ s] nfU5 eg] o;kflnsf] r'gfjL glthfn] bnx?nfO{ cfufdL cfjlws lgjf{rgsf nflu /0fgLlt tof/ ug{ ;xh ePsf] 5 . sf] sxf“, slt s;/L sfd ug{

gLdaxfb'/ yfkf gful/s ;dfh bfªsf ;x;+of] hs ;lsof] eg] cfufdL lgjf{rgdf ;xh x'G5 eGg] s'/ f bnx?nfO{ /fdf] kf7 ePsf] 5 . b] zdf u0ftGq 5 t/ ckjfbafx] s b'ObnLo klt:kwf{ 5 . c? bnx?n] /fli6«o?kdf vf;} klt:kwf{ ug{ ;s] sf] cj:yf 5} g . kd'v b'O{ bnsf] vf;} /fdf] e"ldsf gx'“bf gx“'b} klg gful/sn] km] l/ log} bnx?sf pDd] bjf/nfO{ dt lbO/x] sf 5g\ . of] pklgjf{rgsf] csf] { ;Gb] z eg] sf] oL 7"nf bnx?sf] ljsNk gful/sn] vf] h] sf 5} gg\ . log} bnx?n] ;'wf/] / sfd u?g\ eGg] hgdt b] lvPsf] 5 . dnfO{ s] nfU5 eg] casf r'gfjdf bnx?sf pDd] bjf/ dg k/] g eg] dg k/] g eGg] clwsf/ klg dtkqdf ;'lglZrt ul/g'k5{ eGg] gful/s ;dfhsf] wf/0ff 5 .

o;kflnsf] pklgjf{rgn] 5'6\6} vfn] ;Gb] z lbPsf] d} n] dx;'; u/] sf] 5' . klxnf] s'/ f :yfgLo ;/sf/ ;~rfng ug] { hgkltlglwn] xf] . gof‘“ ;+/ rgf ePsfn] o;cl3sf] r'gfjdf vf;} b] lvPsf] lyPg t/ o;kfln gof“ ;+/ rgfdf ag] sf] ;/sf/sf] dxTj cfd gful/sn] a'em] sf] h:tf] dnfO{ nfUof] . :yfgLo ;/sf/ :jfoQ / zlQmzfnL 5g\ . Tof] zlQmzfnL ;+oGqsf] ;~rfng ug] { hgkltlglwn] xf] / ltgL hgkltlglw r'Gg] hgtfn] xf] eGg] s'/ fsf] af] w cfd gful/sdf ePsf] kfOPsf] 5 . eGg'sf] dtnj dtbftfx?n] cfkmgf] clwsf/ s] xf] eGg] s'/ f qmdz a'emb} uPsf] kfOPsf] 5 . ;f“lRrs} nf] stflGqs cEof;nfO{ Jojxfl/s agfp“b} nu] sf] h:tf] dnfO{ dx;'; ePsf] 5 . csf] { s'/ f hgkltlglw r'Gbf dtbftfx?n] ;Ifd sf] 5 eGg] s'/ fnfO{ klg x] Ssf /fVg yfn] sf 5g\ . bnx?df h'g lx;fan] kf6L{n] l6sf nufP/ pDd] bjf/ k7fpg] rng lyof] o;kfln g] tfn] k7fPsf] pDd] bjf/nfO{ hgtfn] r'g] gg\ . of] of Tof] kfqnfO{ r'g] gg\ eGg] xf] Og . b] ze/sf glthf x] bf{ vf;u/L :yfgLo txdf hgtfn] :j] lR5s lg0f{o u/] sf] kfOof] . of] u0ftGqnfO{ ;+: yfut ug] { /fdf] cfwf/ xf] . o;n] nf] stflGqs u0ftGqnfO{ ;+: yfut ug] { / ;/sf/nfO{ hgtfklt pQ/bfoL agfpg 7"nf] d2t k'Ug] 5 . bfªsf] pklgjf{rgnfO{ x] g] { xf] eg] o;kfln zflGtk"0f{?kd} ;DkGg eof] . :jR5 /x\of] .

q hLjg g] kfnL

>Ldg Gof} kfg] dfgjclwsf/ ;~hfn bfªsf ;b:o wf“wnL/lxt lgjf{rg aGof] . To;} n] klg hgtfn] cfkmgf] dxTj / clwsf/sf] dx;'; u/] . clxn] tLg txsf] ;/sf/ 5 . t/ ;/sf/d} /x] sf] bnn] lht] sf :yfgdf kltkIf bnn] lht] sf] 5 . of] sfdsf] d"Nof+sg xf] . ck] Iffcg';f/sf] sfd gubf{ hgtfn] ;hfo lbPsf 5g\ . ;/sf/;“u hgtfsf] ck] Iff w] / } 5 . t/ ck] Iff k"lt{sf] sfddf eg] h:tf] u/L ePg eGg] hgtfsf] u'gf;f] 5 . To;} n] pgLx?n] ljsNk vf] h] . ;Qfwf/Lsf] dfq} xf] Og o;kfln kd'v kltkIfn] klg e"ldsf cg';f/sf] sfd ug{ g;s] sf] dx;'; gful/sn] u/] sf 5g\ . To;} n] kltkIfn] cfkm} n] lht] sf 7fp“df klg l;6 o;kfln u'dfP . /fdf] g/fdf] 5'6\ofpg] dtbftfx?sf] r] tgf / va/bf/Lsf] :t/ a9] sf] ;Gb] z :ki6 5 .

dlxnfn] sfd u5{g\ eGg] s'/fnfO{ dlxnfnfO{ gLlt lgdf{0f hgtfn] cg'df]bg u/]sf 5g\ txdf gk7fP ;d[l4 c;Dej

of] pklgjf{rgsf] d'Vo ;Gb] z eg] sf] dlxnfx?n] klg cj;/ kfP sfd ug{ ;S5g\ eGg] s'/ fnfO{ :yflkt u/] sf] 5 . h'g s'/ fnfO{ dtbftfx?n] ef/L dtsf ;fy hgcg'df] bg ug] { sfd u/] sf 5g\ . dlxnfx?nfO{ l6s6 lbg bnx?n] ;se/ dfGb} gg . ls xfg] { lglZrt ePkl5 dfq} sf] 6f k'¥ofpg l6s6 lbg] u/] sf y'k} pbfx/0f 5g\ . l6s6 lbOxfn] sfd ug{ s] ;lSng\ / < eGg] rng a9L 5 . dlxnfnfO{ cfkmg} bnleq klg kf] T;fxg gug] { rng 5 . st} w] / } xf] nf st} yf] / } xf] nf t/ dlxnfnfO{ cjnfsf ?kdf lng] rng kfoM ;a} bnx?df 5 . t/ o;kfln b] zsf ljleGg :yfgdf dlxnfx?n] lht] / b] vfPsf 5g\ . eGg'sf] dtnj dlxnf pDd] bjf/x?nfO{ hgtfn] ljZjf; u/] sf 5g\ . dt lbP/ lhtfPsf 5g\ . of] o;kflnsf] ;a} eGbf /fdf] kIf xf] . ;Gb] z klg xf] . r'gfjcl3 ;'lgGYof] >Ldfgsf sf/0f >LdtL /fhgLltdf cfP . cem >Ldfg d/] kl5 >LdtLnfO{ lsg l6s6 lbg] < hgtfn] oL b'a} kZgsf] pQ/ dtaf6 lbO;s] sf 5g\ . s] tL >Ldfg\nfO{ /fli6«o /fhgLltdf k'¥ofpg] klg ltg} dlxnf t xf] nfg\ lg < To;sf] d"Nof+sg x'g] ls gx'g] < >LdtLsf sf/0fn] >Ldfg dfly k'u] sf] s'/ fsf] slxNo} rrf{ gx'g] t/ Pp6L

/fwf kf} 8] n 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf ;+: yfut lSnlgs O~rfh{ dlxnfn] /fhgLlts cj;/ kfp“bf 6Lsfl6Kkl0f x'g] h'g vfnsf] kj[lQ 5 . Tof] kj[lQsf la?4 dtbftfn] 7f8} hjfkm lbPsf 5g\ . of] csf] { dxTjk"0f{ ;Gb] z xf] . ;a} hgkltlglwn] sfd u/] gg\ eGg] xf] Og . sfd ug] { hgkltlglw klg 5g\ . Psfwn] gu/] sf] s'/ fnfO{ lnP/ s] xL ePg eGg] xf] Og . b] zdf ;d[l4sf] af6f] lgdf{0f eO;s] sf] 5 . hgkltlglw ;a} v/fa 5} gg eGg] s'/ f hgtfn] dtaf6} JoQm u/] sf 5g\ . a? bnsf g] t[TjnfO{ pDd] bjf/ 5fGbf Wofg lbg'kg] { / bnleq} Pstfa4 eP pknlJw xft k5{ eGg] s'/ f o;kfln :yflkt ePsf] 5 .

sfg'gn] tf] s] sf] afx] s dlxnfnfO{ /fhgLlts g] t[Tjdf Nofpg g] kfnsf bnx? Tolt dfGb} gg\ . of] ;d:ofs} ?kdf 5 . t/ o;kfln h] h:tf] eg] klg dlxnf g] t[TjnfO{ :yflkt ug] { sfd ePsf] 5 . JolQmut?kdf eGg] xf] eg] of] lgs} ;sf/fTds s'/ f xf] . eGg t o;kfln klg dlxnf pDd] bjf/sf ljifodf y'k} l6sfl6Kk0fL klg eP . >Ldfgsf sf/0fn] >LdtLn] l6s6 kfP eGg] s'/ f cfof] . ;w} pl5tf] sf9\g] bnx?n] slDtdf >Ldfgsf 7fp“df >LdtL ePs} sf/0fn] l6s6 lbPs} eP klg dlxnfn] cj;/ t kfOg\ lg . of] dxTjk"0f{ s'/ f xf] . efif0fdf 7"nf–7"nf s'/ f ug] { t/ Jojxf/df sfd gug] { cfd bnx?sf] kj[lQnfO{ lrg{ >Ldfg\s} sf] 6faf6 eP klg dlxnfx?n] kfPsf] cj;/n] e"ldsf v] n] sf] d} n] dx;'; u/] sL 5' . dlxnfnfO{ x] g] { b[li6sf] 0f g} km/s 5 . rfx] ;dfhsf] rfx] bnx?sf] . ha cj;/ lng] a] nf cfp“5 k'?if xfjL x'G5g\ . bfªs} s'/ f ubf{ !) j6f kflnsfdf sf] dlxnf d] o/ jf kflnsf cWoIf ag] < sfg'gd} cWoIf jf pkfWoIf tyf d] o/ jf pkd] o/dWo] Ps dlxnf eg] s} sf/0fn] !) j6} kflnsfdf dlxnf pkfWoIf tyf pkd] o/ aGg' ePsf] 5 . sfg'gn] gtf] s] sf] eP Tof] klg kfpg]

uf] df dx/f clwjQmf cj:yf lyPg . clxn] klg 5} g . w/ftn xfdf] o:tf] 5 . To;} n] of] r'gfjn] dlxnfnfO{ cj;/ lbPsf] 5 . sfd u/] / b] vfpg'k5{ . ha;Dd dlxnfnfO{ gLlt lgdf{0ftxdf k'¥ofpg ;lsGg ;d[l4 cfp“b} cfp“b} g . o;kflnsf] r'gfjsf] csf] { ;Gb] z eg] sf] dtbftfn] ;/sf/sf sfdsf] d"Nof+sg klg u/] , pDd] bjf/ klg x] /] . bnx?n] lxhf] lht] sf] 7fp“df cfh u'dfPsf 5g\ . lsgeg] dtbftfn] o;n] ;s] g ca csf] {nfO{ cj;/ lbg'k5{ eg] sf] d} n] dx;'; u/] sf] 5' .

k:t'lt M h]=Pg= ;fu/

nfO;]G; / An'j's x/fPsf] ;"rgf Û

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d]/f] lgDg Joxf]/fsf] df]6/;fOsnsf] An'a's ldlt @)&^ d+;L/ !% ut] 3f]/fxLaf6 ;/f{tkm{ hfFb} ubf{ x/fPsf] x'Fbf km]nf kfg'{x'g]dxfg'efjn] glhssf] kx/L sfof{no jf lgDg 7]ufgfdf ;Dks{ u/L lbg'xf]nf . gfd M Ps/fh l3ld/] df]= ;f= g+M /f= $= k= &&($ 7]ufgfM 3f]/fxL–!%, bfª ;Dks{ g+M (*%&*#!^((

d]/f] lgDg Joxf]/fsf] nfO;]G; / An'a's ldlt @)&^ d+;L/ ( ut] /u}rfaf6 t'n;Lk'/ hfFb} ubf{ x/fPsf] x'Fbf km]nf kfg'{x'g] dxfg'efjn] glhssf] kx/L sfof{no jf lgDg 7]ufgfdf ;Dks{ u/Llbg'xf]nf . gfd M uf]kfn jnL nfO;]G; g+M )(–!(^%^ uf8L g+ M /f ! t @*$( ;Dks{ g+M (*%&*@#^^# 7]ufgfM zflGtgu/–& bfª

@)&^.)*.!* ut] a'wjf/ dfu{zLif{ z'Sn kIf, ltly ci7dL, gIf]qM ztleiff cfh bfªsf] ;"of]{bo ^M%%M)$, ;"of{:t %M@!M)$

nIdLwf/f Hof]ltif s]Gb

Hof]= k+= 8f= e'jg]Zj/ a~hf8] ;b:o– g]kfn Hof]ltif kl/ifb\ df]afOn M (*$&*$!@%!

d]if -r",r] ,rf] ,nf,nL,n",n] ,nf] ,c_M cfly{s / z}lIfs If]q Pj+ Jofkfl/s If]q pGgt /xg]5 . cfjZos ef}lts ;fwg h'6\g]5g\ . gof“ 1fg kfKt x'g ;Sg]5 .

t'nf -/f,/L,?,/],/f] ,tf,tL,t",t] _M u'?hgx?sf] /fo

j[if -O{,pm,P,cf] ,jf,lj,j",j] ,jf] _M sd{df ;kmntf /xg]5 . kltlIft glthfn] pT;fx hufpg]5 . ljlzi6 JolQmx?;“u ldqtf ufl;g ;Sg]5 . klti7f a9\g ;Sg]5 .

j[lZrs -tf] ,gf,gL,g",g] ,gf] ,of,oL,o"_M df}sfnfO{ lrGg g;Sbf k5fl8 kg{ ;lsg]5 . uf]klgotf e+u u/] of]hgf c;kmn x'g ;S5 . sfd laug] 8/n] ;tfpg ;S5 .

ldy'g -sf,sL,s",3,ª,5,s] ,sf] ,x_M c?sf nflu ;do / a'l4 vlr{g' kg]{5 . cfhsf] d]xgtn] eljiodf klti7f a9fpg ;Sg]5 . cfkm\gf] j:t'df c?sf] jr{:j /xnf .

wg' -o] ,of] ,ef,eL,e",w,kmf,9f,e] _M k/fqmd / k'?iffy{ a9\g]5 . h;sf] kefjn] sd{ If]qdf ;kmntf /xg]5 . Jofkfl/s nfe /fdf] /xg]5 . zq' k/fho x'g]5g\ .

ss{6 -xL,x",x] ,xf] ,8f,8L,8",8] ,8f] _M zf/Ll/s c:j:ytf a9\g ;Sg]5 . cfn:otf /x] klg Jo:ttf 36\g] 5}g . cfkm\gf sdhf]/Lx?sf] kmfObf c?n] p7fpg ;Sg]5g\ .

ds/ -ef] ,hf,hL,h",h] ,hf],vf,vL,v",v] ,vf] ,uf,uL_M kz+;s a9\g]5g\ . ;xof]uLn] ;fy lbg]5g\ . /f]lsPsf sfo{df ;kmntf /xg]5 . ul/Psf sd{x? nfebfoL /xg]5g\ . s'De -u",u] ,uf] ,;,;L,;',;] ,;f] ,b_M /dfOnf] hd36sf ljr :jflbi6 ef]hgsf] cfgGb kfKt ug{ ;lsg]5 . ljlzi6 JolQmx?;“u e]63f6 x'g ;Sg]5 .

l;+x -df,dL,d",d],df],6f,6L,6",6] _M lg0f{osf ;jfndf låljwf /xg]5 . cfDbfgL /fd} /xg ;Sg]5 . ef}lts ;'ljwfsf nflu vr{ a9\g]5 . crfgs ofqf ;Dej 5 .

;'emfjnfO{ kfngf ubf{ /fdf] x'g]5 . sfddf ljnDa x'g ;Sg]5 . a'l4sf] pkof]un] nIfdf k'Ug ;lsg]5 .

sGof -6f],k,kL,k",if,0f,7,k],kf] _M cfh tkfO“ cfkm\gf] cf“6 dLg -bL,b",y,em,~f,b] ,bf] ,rf,rL_M cfkmGtaf6 6fl9g' k/fqmdsf] e/df ;kmntf kfKt x'g ;Sg]5 . kl/>dn] kg]{5 vr{ a[l4 x'g]5 . cj;/sf] vf]hLdf bf}8w'k kltikwf{df cufl8 cfpg ;lsg]5 . ug'{kg]{5 . 6f9fsf] ofqf x'g ;Sg]5 . * gd:t] z'e laxfgL oxf“x?sf] lbgrof{ ;'vb\ /xf];\.

!)) Ü glb yfx} O{

An'j's x/fPsf] ;"rgf Û

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3/ ef8fdf

OG:of]/]G;, kmfOgfG;, ;xsf/L, sG;N6]G;Lx?sf] nflu pko'Qm #*x@* lkm6sf] cufl8 k5fl8 cfNd'lgod / l;;faf6 agfOPsf] km:6 km\nf]/df xn ePsf] 3/ ef8fsf] nflu vfnL 5 . OR5's JolQmn] t'?Gt ;Dks{ /fVg'xf]nf . ;Dks{ g+=M

sld/] rf} / , !& dl;/ . bfªsf] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsfdf ef} lts ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfd tLa ultdf cufl8 a9fOPsf] 5 . h; cg';f/ clxn] ufp“kflnsfsf] s] Gb sld/] rf} / df !% z} øofsf] c:ktfn ejg lgdf{0fsf] sfd wdfwd eO/x] sf] 5 . o;} u/L ufp“kflnsfsf] kzf;lgs ejg lgdf{0fsf] sfd, ufp“kflnsfsf] %, ^, & / * g+= j8f sfof{no ejg lgdf{0fsf] sfd klg wdfwd eO/x] sf] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf eQmaxfb'/ cf] nLn] hfgsf/L lbg' eof] . ufp“kflnsf] !% z} øofsf] c:ktfn ejg / kzf;lgs ejgsf] sfd gj l;h{gzLn lgdf{0f ;] jf kfln sf7df8f} +n] ul//x] sf] ufp“kflnsfsf kfljlws kd'v zlQml;+x lh;Ln] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“sfcg';f/ a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= % / ^ sf] j8f sfof{no ejgsf] lgdf{0fsf] 7] Ssf;d] t ;f] xL sDkgLn] kfKt u/L sfd z'? u/] sf] 5 . c:ktfn, kzf;lgs ejg / j8f sfof{no ejg;“u} vfg] kfgL, ax'p2] ZoLo ;efxn, v] ns"b d} bfg, cfwf/e"t :jf:Yo s] Gb ejg, ;8sx? nufotsf] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] sfd cl3 al9/x] sf] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf eQmaxfb'/ cf] nLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“sf cg';f/ clxn] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsfsf] j8f g+= %, ^,

& / * sf] sfof{no ejg lgdf{0fsf] sfd klg o;} jif{ ul/;Sg] u/L sfd eO/x] sf] 5. ufp“kflnsf] ef} lts ljsf;sf nflu ;+3Lo ;/sf/, kb] z ;/sf/ / :yfgLo txsf] u/L tLgj6} txsf ;/sf/sf] ah] l6ªdf sfd eO/x] sf] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsfsf kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t g] jaxfb'/ cf] nLn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . o;} aLr a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= # sf] af3vf] / s'Ohf x'“b} d'nfjf/L hf] 8\g] ;8s af6f] sf] klg Ps sfo{qmdaLr pb\3f6g ul/Psf] 5. af6f] sf] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsfsf cWoIf eQmaxfb'/ cf] nLn] pb\3f6g ug{'ePsf] xf] . Ps s/f] 8 cf7 nfvsf] nfutdf sl/j !$ lsnf] ld6/ ;8s b'O{ cfly{s jif{df lgdf{0f sfo{ ;DkGg eO;s] kl5 pb\3f6g ul/Psf] a+ufnr'nL ufp“kflnsf j8f g+=# sf cWoIf zf] e/fh ljZjsdf{n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;f] af6f] a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsf / j8fkflnsfsf] ah] 6af6 lgdf{0f ul/Psf] cWoIf ljZjsdf{n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . ;f] af6f] df a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsfn] ;~rfngdf NofPsf] PDa'n] G;, ufp“kflnsfsf] uf8L rnfP/ pb\3f6g ul/Psf] xf] . ;f] cj;/df ;f] If] qsf nfeflGjt :yfgLox?n] v'zL JoQm ub} { ufp“kflnsfsf hgkltlglw, sd{rf/L, uf8Lsf rfnsx?nfO{ km"ndfnfn] :jfut u/] sf lyP .

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;RofOPsf] gofF o'uaf]w /fli6«o b}lgssf] ldlt @)&^ d+l;/ !% ut]sf] klqsfdf ksflzt o; ufpFkflnsfsf] invitation for bids ;"rgfsf] a'bf g+= * df valid for a period 90 days x'g'kg]{df cGoyf ePsf] / bid security validity period sf] cf7j6} sf]nddf April 30, 2020 x'g'kg]{df cGoyf ePsf]n] ;RofOPsf] 5 .

kd'v k;fzsLo clws[t

3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf sfof{no bfªsf] gS;f kf;;DjGwL ;"rgf † bfª 3f]/fxL pk–dxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !% a:g] lbks s'df/ a'9fyf]sLn] d]/f] gfddf btf{ >]:tf ePsf] ;fljs 3f]/fxL &v-xfn 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !%_ ls=g+= !%(^ a=ld= ^&=*% hUufdf lgdf{0f eO ;s]sf] 3/sf] gS;fkf; clen]v u/L kfpF egL ldlt @)&^.)#.#) df gS;f;lxt lgj]bg k]z ug'{ePsf] 5 . ;f] cg';f/ 3/sf] 3/gS;f Ohfht pknAw u/fpg cfjZos klqmof k"/f u/L ldlt @)&^.)*.)% df !% g+= j8f sfof{noaf6 :ynut ;/hldg ubf{ k"j{tkm{sf ;lwof/ ljZjdfg s;h' ljb]z uPsf] / klZrdtkm{sf ;lwof/ hfgsL a'9fdu/ /f]Nkf uPsf] x'Fbf ;Dks{df gcfPsf] sf/0fn] cg'kl:yt x'g' ePsf]n] clen]v sfo{ /f] lsg uPsf] 5 . olb sf]xL s;}sf] bfaL lj/f] w eP of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] !% -kGw_ lbgleq cfk\mgf] ;a't kdf0f;lxt o; sfof{nodf lnlvt lgj]bg lbg'xf]nf . cGoyf lgodfg';f/ lghsf gfddf 3/gS;f clen]v eO hfg] x'Fbf ;DalGwt ;a}sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu of] ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 .

g]kfn ;/sf/

df]xLsf] xsbfaL ug{ cfpg]af/] e"ld;'wf/ tyf dfnkf]t sfof{no bfªsf] ;"rgf † d] /f] gfddf btf{ >] : tf ePsf] tkl;n adf] lhdsf] lsQf hUufsf] df] xL bfª 3f]/fxL p=d=g=kf= j8f g+= & /fhk'/ ufpF a:g] s]? rf}w/L] hUuf ef] u ug{ 5f]8L kl/jf/ ;lxt a;fOF;/fO u/L cGoq uPsf] sf/0f cfkm\gf] hUuf cfkm} 3/ v]tLdf sdfO{ cfPsf]n] lgh df]xL s]? rf}w/Lsf] gfd df] xL nutaf6 s6fOkfpF egL bfª 3f]/fxL p=d=g=kf= j8f g+= & /fhk'/ ufpF a:g] ef]nf/fd rf}w/Ln] uf=kf=÷p=d=g=kf= sf] l;kmfl/; ;fy o; sfof{nodf lgj]bg btf{ u/fO{ ;gfvt u/] sf] cfwf/df df]xL s]? rf}w/Lsf] gfddf hf/L !% -kGw_ lbg] Dofb a;fOF;/fO u/L cGoq uPsf] eGg] Joxf]/faf6 tfd]nL eO cfPsf] / a'lemPsf] ufpF ;h{ldgaf6 df]xL a;fOF;/fO u/L cGoq uPsf] b]lvg cfPsf] / ldlt @)&^.)^.@* df ksflzt df]xL xs bfaL ;DaGwL #% lbg] ;fj{hlgs ;"rgfsf] xs Dofbleq sf]xL s;}sf] xs bfjL ph'/L kg{ gcfPsf]n] clGtd k6s ljz]if cbfnt P]g @)%( sf] bkmf !)-(_ adf]lhd of] #) lbg] df]xL xsbfjL u/L cfpg] af/]sf] ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf ksflzt ul/Psf] 5 . tkl;nsf lsQf hUufdf df] xL df] xLsf kl/jf/ jf xs nfUg] cGo sf]xL s;}sf] hf]tef] u eP jf df] xLsf] gfd nutaf6 s§f x'g' gkg] { s'g} dgfl;a sf/0f eP of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] #) lbgleq ;a't kdf0f;lxt e"ld;'wf/ sfof{no bfªdf xsbfaL ph'/L ug{ cfkm} jf sfg'g adf] lhd jf/]; clVtof/ u/L k7fpg'xf]nf . cGoyf dfu bfaL adf] lhd df]xLsf] gfd df] xLsf] nutaf6 s§f e} hfg] Joxf] /f hfgsf/L u/fOG5 .

tkl;n

btf{jfnfsf] gfd, y/ uf=lj=;=÷g=kf= j8f g+= lsQf g+= If]qkmn df]xLsf] gfd, y/ ef]nf/fd rf}w/L ;f}l8of/ !v &&÷$^* )–!–%À s]? rf}w/L 3f]/fxL p=d=g=kf=–&, /fhk'/

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b'u{d ufpF bfªjfªdf skmL v] tL q ;fu/ l/hfn Ko'7fg, !& d+l;/ . Ko'7fgsf] b'u{d dWo] df Pp6f ufp“ bfªjfª klg xf] . P] / fjtL ufp“kflnsf–! df kg] { pQm ufp“ xfjfkfgLsf b[li6sf] 0fn] /fdf] dflgG5 . o; ufp“sf] cldnL Rofgwgf/f j:tLdf Pshgf o'jfn] skmL v] tL ug'{ePsf] 5 . skmL v] tL ug] { $% jifL{o v'dk;fb a] naf;] x'g'x'G5 . pxf“n] @)^( ;fnb] lv skmL v] tL ub} { cfPsf] atfpg'eof] . @)^* ;fndf tflnd;“u} ljleGg lhNnfsf] cjnf] sgkl5 pxf“n] ufp“df skmL v] tL z'? ug'{ePsf] xf] . kltaf] 6 !) sf b/n] Ps ;o af] 6af6 skmL v] tL z'? ug'{ePsf a] naf;] sf] kl5NNff] ;do skmL v] tL a9] sf] 5 . csf] { jif{ lemd?s cf} Bf] lus PsLs[t ljsf; s] Gbsf] ;xof] udf g;{/ L /fv] / skmL pTkfbg u/] sf] a] naf;] sf] egfO 5 . cf7 /f] kgL hUufdf skmL v] tL a] naf;] n] cfkm\g} cf7 /f] kgL hUufdf skmL v] tL ub} { cfpg'ePsf] 5 . z'?df Ps ;o lj?jfaf6 z'? ug'{ePsf pxf“n] xfn Ps xhf/ tLg ;o skmLsf lj?jf nufpg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] nufPsf] skmL clxn] n6/Dd kmn] sf] 5 . cl3Nnf] jif{ tLg SjLG6n skmL pTkfbg ug'{ePsf pxf“n] of] jif{ cem a9\g] atfpg'eof] . skmL ufp“;“u}

@# :j0f{===== lhTb} Oltxf; /Rg'ePsf] 5 . ;Gtf] ifLn] bz/y /+uzfnfsf] 6«ofsdf !) xhf/ ld6/ bf} 8af6 Tof] ;kmntf lbnfpg'ePsf] xf] . pxf“n] Ps ldln ;] s] G8n] dfq ef/tLo kltåGåL sljtf ofbjnfO{ k5fl8 kfg'{eof] . t] SjfGbf] sf] k'?if ^* s] hLd'lgsf] ;d"xdf g] kfnsf jL/axfb'/ dx/fn] :j0f{ kbs lhTg'ePsf] 5 . dx/fn] kfls:tfgL v] nf8L df] xDdb kmlxdnfO{ $! / #^ n] x/fpg'ePsf] 5 . To:t} t] SjfGbf] sf] $^ s] hL tf} n ;d"xdf g] kfnsL sfhn >] i7n] :j0f{ kbs lhTg'ePsf] 5 .

l5d] sL lhNnfx? c3f{vF“rL, u'NdLnufotsf lhNnfdf nu] / a] r] sf] a] naf;] atfpg'x'G5 . cfwf s] hLaf6 a] Rg z'? ug'{ePsf pxf“n] pTkfbg a9] sf] df v'zL JoQm ug'{eof] . pxf“n] klts] hL rf/ ;o %) ?k} of“df a] Rb} cfpg'ePsf] 5 . jflif{s 8] 9 nfv cfDbfgL !) sIff;Ddsf] cWoog k"/ f ug'{ePsf a] naf;] n] ;fg} af6 s[lif k] zf c“ufNg'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] ufp“df s] xL gd"gf sfd ug] { p2] Zon] Jofj;flos skmL v] tL z'? u/] sf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] skmL pTkfbgaf6} jflif{s Ps nfv %) xhf/ ?k} of“ cfDbfgL ub} { cfPsf] atfpg'eof] . a] naf;] n] skmL pTkfbg ;“u} s] / f v] tL, df} / Lkfng, t/sf/L v] tL, uf] ?, afvf, e} +;L kfng;d] t ub} { cfpg'ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] xfn %) 3f/ s] / f v] tL / !@ 3f/ df} / Lkfng ug'{ePsf] 5 . pxf“n] skmL v] tLaf6 jflif{s Ps nfv %) xhf/ / s] / fv] tL,

df} / Lkfngaf6 jflif{s Ps nfv ?k} of“ cfDbfgL ub} { cfPsf] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] sfddf >LdtL ;f/bf a] naf;] sf] ;xof] u kfPsf] atfpg'eof] . a] naf;] bDktL laxfg ^ ah] p7] / skmL;“u} c?sf] :ofxf/;';f/df nfUg'x'G5 . ufp“d} Psdfq gd"gf v] tL ug'{ePsf a] naf;] kl5NNff] ;do of] k] zfklt ;Gt'i6 ePsf] atfpg'eof] . l;+rfO{n] r'gf} tL lbof] b'u{d 7fp“ bfªjfªdf vfg] kfgLsf] cefj 5 . l;+rfO{ ug] { kfgL oxf“ kfO“b} g . a] naf;] nfO{ skmL v] tL;“u} cGo t/sf/L pTkfbgdf l;+rfO{n] r'gf} tL lbPsf] 5 . l;+rfO{ ;'ljwf x'g] eP skmL pTkfbg a9\g] pxf“n] atfpg'eof] . pxf“n] :yfgLo ;/sf/;“u l;+rfO{sf nflu kfgLsf] dfu ug{'ePsf] 5 . ufp“d} a;] / :j/f] huf/ aGg vf] h] sfnfO{ l6sfpgsf nflu ;/f] sf/jfnfn] Wofg lbg'kg] { pxf“sf] egfO 5 .

pxf“n] d+unjf/ ePsf] v] ndf kfls:tfgsL ;fob hfbL l;bf a6f] nnfO{ %)–!$ :sf] / n] k/flht ug'{ePsf] xf] . km"6andf ljhoL z'?jft k'?if km'6ansf] cfkm\ gf] klxnf] v] ndf g] kfnn] e'6fglj?4 zfgbf/ lht btf{ u/] sf] 5 . g] kfnn] e'6fgla?4 $–) sf] lht lgsfn] sf] xf] . g] kfnn] sKtfg ;'hn >] i7sf] uf] ndf kf“rf+} ldg] 6df cutf lnPsf] lyof] . klxnf] xfkm;Dd !–) sf] cutf lnPsf] g] kfnn] bf] ;f] xfkmdf yk tLg uf] n yk] sf] xf] . sKtfg ;'hnn] bf] ;f] xfkmdf %) cf} + ldg] 6df

g] kfnsf] cutf bf] Aa/ agfpg'ePsf] lyof] . o:t} cleif] s l/hfnn] ^$ cf} + / ldSr] g tfdfªn] &^ cf} + ldg] 6df uf] n ub{} g] kfnsf] lht ;'lglZrt ug'{ePsf] lyof] . g] kfnn] Ps v] naf6 tLg c+s hf] 8] sf] 5 . e'6fgn] klxnf] v] ndf ;f] djf/ a+unfb] znfO{ x/fPsf] lyof] . g] kfnn] ;d"xsf] bf] ;f] v] ndf a'wjf/ >Ln+sf, zlgjf/ dfnlbE; / d+unjf/ a+unfb] z;“u klt:kwf{ ug] {5 . /fpG8 /f] lagkl5 zLif{ b'O{ 6f] nL :j0f{ kbssf nflu le8\g] 5g\ . km"6andf ef/t / kfls:tfg ;xefuL 5} gg\ .

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(Dec 4, 2019)

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www.nayayougbodh.com

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q b'uf{ lj;L

3f] / fxL, !& d+l;/ . ax\dfs'df/L O{Zj/Lo ljZjljBfno bfªn] 3f] / fxLdf ljleGg z} lIfs ;] jf;lxtsf] dw'jg cfWoflTds k'ghf{u/0f s] Gb :yfkgf ug] { ePsf] 5 . ljZjljBfnon] d+unjf/ 3f] / fxLdf kqsf/ ;Dd] ng u/L z} lIfs lqmofsnfk ug] {u/L s] Gb :yfkgf ug{ nfu] sf] hfgsf/L lbPsf] xf] . 3f] / fxLsf] dw'jg xf] 6n /x] sf] :yfgd} cTofw'lgs ejg;lxt s] Gb :yfkgf ug{ nfluPsf] ax\dfs'df/L O{Zj/Lo ljZjljBfnosf ;lrj dfwj ltldN;] gfn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . pxf“sf cg';f/ pQm s] Gbsf] lznfGof; oxL d+l;/ @! ut] x'g] 5 eg] kf“r gDj/ kb] zsf d'VodGqL z+s/ kf] v] n / ax\dfs'df/L O{Zj/Lo ljZjljBfno g] kfnsf cWoIf kl/l0ftL lbbLn] ;+o'Qm?kdf lznfGof; ug] { sfo{qmd 5 . To;sf nflu ljleGg ;ldlt;d] t u7g ul/Psf] kqsf/ ;Dd] ngdf hfgsf/L lbOPsf] lyof] . lznfGof; sfo{qmdnfO{ eJo agfpg ax\dfs'df/L uLtf Gof} kfg] sf] ;+of] hsTjdf $% ;b:oLo d"n ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] 5 eg] z/b uf} tdsf] ;+of] hsTjdf cfly{s ;ldlt, v'gf kGtsf] ;+of] hsTjdf cfjf;, lgjf; pk;ldlt,

;NnLahf/, !& d+l;/ . ;Nofgsf] aguf8 s'lk08] sf] lqe'jg hgtf dflj z+vlkkn Ro'/ f ;Nofgn] ljBfyL{nfO{ sDKo'6/ ljifosf] kof] ufTds ljlwnfO{ a9L hf] 8 lbg] u/] sf] 5. Jojxfl/s tyf kfljlws lzIff dWo] sf] sDKo'6/ sIff ljBfnosf] sIff ^, &, * / ( df nfu' eP b] lv ljBfnon] jif{df sIff 306Lsf] ;} 4flGts k9fO eGbf kof] ufTds ljlwnfO{ a9L ;do lbg] u/] sf] 5 . rf/j6f sIffdf dfq} tLg ;o a9L ljBfyL{ ePsfn] ljBfyL{n] sDKo'6/ l;Sg kfnf] s'g{'kg] { afWotf 5 . w] / } ljBfyL{ ePsfn] xKtf lbgdf ;d"x ;d"xdf k9fpg] ul/Psf] 5 . ljBfnodf ljh'nL gx'“bf ;a} sDKo'6/ ;“u} ;“u} grNbf ;d:of ePsf] ljBfnosf kwfgfWofks u'dfgl;+x lji6n] atfpg'eof] . lah'nL aQL lj:tf/ gx'“bf !$ ;] 6 sDKo'6/ Ps} ;fy rNg nf] 8 ck'u x'g] ePsfn] ljBfyL{nfO{ kfnf] s'g{'kg] { ;d:of /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . gjLs/l0fo pmhf{af6 gf} jif{cl3 ljBfnodf h8fg ul/lbPsf] ;f] nf/sf] Ifdtfn] ef/ wfGg g;Sbf sDKo'6/ sIffsf] kof] ufTds ug{ lgs} ;d:of /x] sf] atfpg'eof] . ljBfnodf cfOl;6L Nofj k/] klg clxn] sfd gePsf] pxf“n] hfgsf/L lbg'eof] . cfO{l;6L h8fg ePkl5 ;a} n] Ps} ;fy kof] ufTds s'/ fnfO{ a9L hf] 8 lbg] ljBfnosf] egfO 5 .

ax\ds'df/L pdf u'?ªsf] ;+of] hsTjdf ef] hg÷6f] nL Joj:yfkg ;ldlt, /fhof] u klzIfs dfjw ltldN;] gfsf] ;+of] hsTjdf ;"rgf ;~rf/ Pj+ krf/k;f/ ;ldlt, OlGb/f kGtsf] ;+of] hsTjdf d~r Joj:yfkg ;ldlt, e"uf] n e§/fO{sf] ;+of] hsTjdf :jfut tyf cltly ;Ddfg ;ldlt, cldtf rf} w/Lsf] ;+of] hsTjdf ;f+: s[lts ;ldlt, cfgGb/fd s“j/ of] uLsf] ;+of] hsTjdf oftfoft Joj:yf, kfls{ª ;xhLs/0f ;ldlt, eujfg s] ;Lsf] ;+of] hsTjdf :jo+;] js, lrof, kfgL Joj:yfkg ;ldlt, bLks s] ;Lsf] ;+of] hsTjdf ljB't, wf/fkfgL / ;/;kmfO ;ldlt / 8f= lbg] z pk] tLsf] ;+of] hsTjdf kfylds pkrf/ ;ldlt u7g ul/Psf] ljZjljBfnon] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 .

;fy} lznfGof; sfo{qmddf pkl:yltsf nflu ;a} df ljZjljBfnon] cg'/ f] w u/] sf] 5 . ljZjljBfnosL uLtfs'df/L Gof} kfg] sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf g] kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf s] GbLo pkfWoIf ljk'n kf] v] n, lhNnf cWoIf ;ljg lkof;g, 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf kd'v sfo{sf/L clws[t Clif/fd s] ;L, 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !% sf cWoIf /d] zs'df/ kf08] o, g] kfn lgdf{0f Joj;foL ;ldlt kf“rsf cWoIf alneb kb] z /fgfnufotn] o; If] qsf] z} lIfs Pj+ cfWoflTds ljsfsfsf nflu :yfkgf x'g nfu] sf] dw'jg cfWoflTds s] GbnfO{ ;Sbf] ;xof] u ug] { kltj4tf hgfpg' ePsf] lyof] .

cfF“vf lzlj/ tyf /Qmbfg o''uaf] w ;dfrf/bftf 3f] / fxL, !& d+l;/ . @* cf} + cGt/f{li6«o ckf+utf lbj;sf] cj;/df d+unjf/ 3f] / fxLdf cf“vf :jf:Yo lzlj/ tyf /Qmbfg sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . g] kfn ckf+u ;+3 vu] Gb gjhLjg s] Gb bfªsf] cfof] hgfdf sfo{qmd ePsf] lyof] . g] kfn ckf+u ;+3 vu] Gb gj hLjg s] Gbsf cWoIf z/b clwsf/Lsf] cWoIftf tyf lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt bfªsf kd''v hLt] Gbdfg g] kfnLsf] kd''v cfltYotfdf cf“vf :jf:Yo lzlj/ tyf /Qmbfg sfo{qmd pb\3f6g ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf af] Nb} kd''v cltly lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldlt bfªsf kd''v g] kfnLn]

ckf+utf ePsf JolQmx?nfO{{ ;a} n] ;xof] u ug{' cfjZos /x] sf] atfpg''eof] . sltko ckf+utf ePsf JolQmx? kl/jf/af6 ckx] lnt x''g'kg{] afWotf ePsfn] Tof] dfgl;stf abNg ;a} nfUg''kg{] df pxf“n] hf] 8 lbg'eof] . pxf“n] eGg''eof] – … ckf+utf ePsf JolQmx?sf] ;Ddfg h?/L 5 .Ú g] kfn ckf+u ;+3 vu] Gb gjhLjg s] Gbsf lzj 3tL{ du/sf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;xhLs/0f lzj/fh cf] nLn] ug{'ePsf] lyof] . ;f] cj;/df cfof] lht cf“vf :jf:Yo lzlj/df ckf+utf ePsf tyf cGo ;j{;fwf/0f u/L &@ hgf nfeflGjt ePsf lyP . h;df tLg hgfdf df] tLlaGb''sf] ;d:of

;dj] bgf

g]kfn ;+:s[t ljZjljBfno cfo'j]{b cWoog ;+:yfg l8gsf] sfof{nodf sfo{/t 6f=v= ;Ltf uf}tdsL ddtfdoL cfdf j]ns'df/L kf]v]nsf] ldlt @)&^ d+l;/ !# ut] ePsf] c;fdlos lgwgn] o; 8Lgsf] sfof{no kl/jf/ cToGt} ddf{xt ePsf] 5 . b'Mvsf] o; 38Ldf zf]sfs'n kl/jf/hgklt xflb{s ;dj]bgf ks6 ub}{ lbj+ut cfTdfsf] lr/zflGtsf] sfdgf ub{5f}+ . kf=8f= ;~ho kf]v/]n -l8g_ Pj+

g]=;+=lj= cfo'j]{b cWoog ;+:yfg l8gsf] sfof{no kl/jf/

b] lvPsf] lyof] pgLx?nfO{ zNolqmofsf nflu l/km/ ul/Psf] 5 . To:t} lbj;sf]

cj;/df cfof] lht /Qmbfg sfo{qmddf /Qmbftfx? lzj 3tL{, g/axfb''/ /f] sf If] qL, lzj/fh cf] nL, ;'ljtf rf} w/L, elj;/f 3tL{, lkdf cf] nL / k] dl;+x tfdfªn] /Qmbfg ug{'ePsf] lyof] .

3f]/fxL pk–dxfgu/kflnsf gu/ sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no 3f]/fxL, bfª, % g+= kb]z, g]kfn

df]6/;fOsn v/Lb sfo{sf] nflu af]nkq cfx\jfgsf] ;"rgf † kyd k6s ksflzt ldlt M @)&^.)*.!* o; 3f] / fxL pk–dxfgu/kflnsfsf nflu cfjZos df] 6/;fOsnx? af] nkqsf dfWodaf6 v/Lb ug{'kg{] ePsf] n] ;f] ;DaGwL sfo{ ug{ dfGotf kfKt kmd{÷ sDkgLx?jf6 lgDg zt{x?sf] clwgdf /xL /Ltk"j{s af] nkq cfJxfg ul/Psf] 5 . zt{x? M != af] nkq kmf/fd ? #))).– -kl5 lkmtf{ gx'g] u/L_ lt/L of] ;"rgf ksflzt ePsf] ldltn] #) lbg;Dd sfof{no ;dodf v/Lb ug{ ;lsg] 5 . @= af] nkq kmf/fd v/Lb ug{ kmd{÷ sDkgLx?n] sDkgL /lh:6«] zg kdf0fkq, Eof6÷Kofg btf{ tyf gjLs/0f u/] sf] kdf0fkq / cf=j= @)&%÷&^ sf] s/ r'Qmf kdfl0ft kdf0fkq k] z ug{'kg{] 5 . #= af] nkq zt{/ lxt s] / d] 6 gePsf] x'g'kg{] 5 . olb s] / d] 6 ePdf s] / d] 6 ePsf] 7fpFdf af] nkqbftfsf] b:tvt / 5fk ePsf] x'g'kg{] 5 . $= tkl;ndf pNn] lvt w/f} 6L jfktsf] /sd o; sfof{nosf] gfddf /x] sf] >L g] kfn a} +s lnld6] 8, 3f] / fxLsf] w/f} 6L vftf g+= )@&)#))))))))#)))))$ df gub} hDdf u/] sf] ;Ssn ef} r/ jf o; sfof{nosf] gfddf dfGotf kfKt jfl0fHo a} +sn] hf/L u/] sf] Uof/] G6L -lj8 j08_ ;+nUg x'g' kg{] 5 . k:tfassf] Bid validity slDtdf !@) lbgsf] x'g' kg{] 5 . %= sjf] n c+ssf] b//] 6 c+s / cIf/df :ki6 pNn] v ug{' kg{] 5 . s] / d] 6 ePdf s] / d] 6 ePsf] :yfgdf ;xL5fk ug{' kg{] 5 . b//] 6 /sd c+s / cIf/df km/s kg{ cfPdf cIf/df n] lvPsf] nfO{ dfGotf lbOg] 5 . ^= Ps kmd{sf] gfddf v/Lb ul/Psf] af] nkq kmf/fd csf]{ kmd{sf] gfdaf6 bflvnf ug{ kfOg] 5} g . &= af] nkq v/Lb ug{] jf bflvnf ug{] clGtd lbgdf labf k/] df ljbf nuQ} sfof{no v'n] sf] lbg ;f] xL cg';f/ x'g] 5 . *= v/Lb ePsf] af] nkq kmf/fd lznjGbL u/L vfd aflx/ cfkm\gf] kmd{sf] gfd y/, jtg / sfdsf] ljj/0f :ki6 pNn] v u/L lznjGbL u/L o; sfof{nodf #! cf} lbgsf] !@ ah] leq btf{ u/L ;Sg'kg{] 5 . btf{ ePsf af] nkqx? ;f] xL lbgsf] @ ah] o; sfof{nod ;/sf/L kltlglw, kmd{sf] kltlglwx?sf] /f] xj/df vf] lng] 5 . ;dodf kmd{sf] jf lghx?sf] kltlglw pkl:yt gePdf klg lznjGbL b/efpkq vf] Ng afwf k'Ug] 5} g . sf/0fjz lznjGbL af] nkq v/Lb ug{] , btf{ ug{] tyf vf] Ng] lbg ;fj{hlgs ljbf kg{ uPdf sfof{no v'n] sf] ;f] xL ;dodf x'g] 5 . (= af] nkq k"0f{ jf cf+lzs?kdf :jLs[t ug{] jf gug{] ;Dk"0f{ clwsf/ o; sfof{nodf lgxLt x'g] 5 . !)= cGo s'/ fx? ;fj{hlgs v/Lb P] g, @)^# / ;fj{hlgs v/Lb lgodfjnL, @)^$ adf] lhd x'g] 5 . cGo s'/ fx? af] nkq kmf/fddf pNn] v eP adf] lhd x'g] 5 . !!= yk hfgsf/Lsf] nflu o; sfof{nodf ;Dks{ /fVg ;lsg] 5 ;fy} of] ;"rgf 3f] / fxL pk– dxfgu/kflnsfsf] j] e;fO6 www.ghorahimun.gov.np af6 ;d] t 8fpgnf] 8 u/L x] g{ ;lsg] 5 . af]nkq g+= ;fdfgsf] ljj/0f kl/df0f n=O{= -d'=c=s= afx]s_ w/f}6L /sd (÷@)&^÷&& df]6/;fOsn !^ $!)^!($=^$ !!)))).–

ljBfnodf k9\g] clwsf+z ljBfyL{ a9L eGbf a9L sDKo'6/ sIff l;Sg ?rfp“5g\\ . To;} n] of] jif{b] lv sIff ( ;Dd klg sDKo'6/ sIff ;~rfng ul/Psf] b] lvG5 . sf] if{df ePsf] s'/ f l;sfpg ckm\7] / f] x'g] u/] sf] 5 . ljBfyL{ w] / } x“'bf / aQLsf] ef/ Ifdtf sd x'“bf sDKo'6/ sIff ;~rfngdf ;d:of ePsf] lzIfs x'd{t ljssf] b'v] ;f] 5 . aQLsf] Ifdtfcg';f/ sfd rnfPsf] pxf“sf] egfO 5 . sf] rfsf] r u/L ;} 4flGts sIff lng vf;} ;d:of 5} g t/ kof] ufTds sIffdf l;sfp“bf sl7gfO x'g] u/] sf] b'v] ;f] 5 . lah'nL aQL gx'“bf ;f] nf/sf] Ifdtfn] sfd gubf{

sDKo'6/ sIffdf lgs} ;d:of ePsf] 5 . !$ j6f sDKo'6/ Ps} ;fy ;~rfng u/] / l;sfpg kfP /fdf] x'g] pxf“sf] egfO 5 . t/ klg aQL gx'“bf gx“'b} ljBfyL{sf] kof] ufTds l;sfOdf sdL x'g glbPsf] ljBfnosf] egfO 5 . ;do yk, sIff 306L yk u/] / eP klg ljBfyL{nfO{ sDKo'6/ sIffdf a9L dxTj lbg] ul/Psf] 5. w] / } ;d"x eP klg slxn] s;f] kf] h] S6/ dfkm{t kof] ufTds s'/ f l;sfpg] ul/G5 . ljBfyL{ w] / } / sDKo'6/ yf] / } ;~rfng x'g] ePkl5 kf] h] S6/sf] ;xof] un] sfd ug] { ul/Psf] 5 . ;Nofg klZrd

INVITATION FOR BIDS Of ce of the Municipal Executive

Rolpa Municipality Libang, Rolpa Invitation for Bids for procurement of Fabricated Steel Parts for Trail Bridges Second Date of Publication:- BS 2076/08/18

1. The Government of Nepal (GoN) has allocated TB-SWAp funds to Rolpa Municipality for Trail Bridge Program and the Municipality intends to apply the funds to cover eligible payments under the Contract for supply of fabricated steel parts for Trail Bridges. Bid is open to all eligible Nepalese Bidders. 2. The Rolpa Municipality invites sealed bids from registered fabricators for supply of fabricated steel parts for following Trail Bridges. Detailed Evaluation and Quali cation Criteria are provided in Section III of the Bid Documents. 3. The Bidders/Fabricators with experience of successfully completing fabrication and supply of steel parts for minimum ve trail bridges within last ve years and enlisted by DoLI (http://www.nepaltrailbridges.org.np/2015/fabricators) are eligible for bidding. New fabricators may apply in joint venture with an eligible rm having the required experience. Fabricators who are not enlisted by DoLI may also apply. However, bids of such fabricators shall be considered responsive only in case fabricators ful ll the requirements. 4. Eligible Bidders may obtain further information and inspect the bidding documents at the of ce of Rolpa Municipality. 5. Bidding documents may be purchased from the of ce of Rolpa Municipality,Rolpa Liwang by eligible Bidders, on submission of a written application and upon payment of a non-refundable fee for bid documents as mentioned in the following table, until the (last date of purchase of bidding document) BS 2076/09/02 from the Second date of publication of this notice. 6. Bids must be submitted to the of ce of Rolpa Municipality, Rolpa Liwang on or before 12 noon on (2076/09/03 BS). Documents received after this deadline shall not be accepted. 7. Bids will be opened in the presence of Bidders' representatives who choose to attend at 2 PM on (2076/09/03 BS). at the of ce of Rolpa Municipality, Rolpa Bids must be valid for a period of 90 days after bid opening and must be accompanied by bid security, amounting to a minimum of 2.5% of the quoted Bid amount (inclusive of VAT), which shall be valid for 30 days beyond the bid validity period. 8. If bidder wishes to submit the Bid Security in the form of cash, bidder has to deposit cash in Deposit Account No. 07603000000002003002 Rolpa Municipality Rolpa Nepal Bank Ltd Rolpa Liwang Branch. (Account number, name of account holder and banker’s name and address) and submit bank deposit voucher along

with the bid.

9. If the last date of purchasing, submission and opening falls on a government holiday then the next working day shall be considered as the last day. 10. Pre-Bid Meeting shall be held at the of ce of Rolpa Municipality, at 1 PM on 2076/08/27 BS

11.

The name and identi cation of the contract are as follows:

Contract Identi cation No

Description of Work (Fabrication Package)

NBC/TB/ROL/ 01/2076/077

Fabrication of steel parts and transportation up to road heads of Bajabhang Trail Bridge Fabrication of steel parts and transportation up to road heads of Lamidanda majhuwa Trail Bridge

NBC/TB/ROL/ 02/2076/076

Estimated Bid Security Amount, NRs Amount (Rs.) (Excluding VAT) 1187470.99 35000

Bid Document Fee 1000

1117139.82

1000

13. The Employer reserves the right to accept or reject, wholly or partly any or all the bids without assigning any reason, whatsoever.

Chief Administrative of cer

u+ufb]j ufp“kflnsf ufpF sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no

u+ufb]j ufp“kflnsf ufpF sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no

;fg8fF8f, /f]Nkf % g+= kb]z, g]kfn

sd{rf/L cfjZostf ;DaGwL ;"rgf †

sd{rf/L cfjZostf ;DaGwL ;"rgf † kyd k6s ksflzt ldlt M @)&^.)*.!& o; u+ufb]j ufpF sfo{kflnsfsf] ldlt @)&^.)*.!& ut]sf] lg0f{o g+= ! adf]lhd u+ufb]j ufpFkflnsf cGtu{tsf :jf:Yo rf}sLdf /xL sfo{ ug{sf nflu tkl;nsf sd{rf/Lx? cfjZostf k/]sf] x'Fbf of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx?af6 b/vf:t cfx\jfg ul/G5 . tkl;n qm= lj1fkg g+= kb cfjZos z}lIfs of]Uotf -dfGotf kfKt ;]jfsf] ;+= ;+Vof z}lIfs ;+:yfaf6_ lsl;d ! )@– c=g=ld= $ ;DalGwt ljifodf l6 s/f/ @)&^÷)&& P;=Pn=;L= pQL0f{ jf ;f] ;/x

tnj :s]n

k/LIffsf] lsl;d kbfjlw

g]kfn ;/sf/sf] lnlvt cGtjf{tf{ g]kfn ;/sf/af6 ;f]xL kb krlnt :s]n :yfoL kbk"lt{ geP;Dd

cfjZos sfuhftx? M g]kfnL gful/stfsf] kdf0fkqsf] kltlnlk– !, z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] kdf0fkqsf] kltlnlk–!÷!, kf;kf]6{ ;fOhsf] kmf]6f] @ j6f, g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;ndf btf{ ePsf] kdf0fkqsf] kltlnkL ! klt pd]/ M !* jif{ k"/f eO{ $% jif{ ggf3]sf] b/vf:t b:t'/ M ?= !))).– b/vf:t lbg] ldlt M @)&^.)*.!& ut]b]lv @)&^.)(.)@ ut];Dd yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu ;Dks{ M (*$%%&)$)), (*@(%)(@$% lg= kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t

35000

12. Eligible fabricator can contact for further information through: E mail: rolpanagarpalika@gmail.com Telephone: 086440071

kd'v kzf;sLo clws[t

a]nem'08L, bfª

If] qsf cGo ljBfnox?df eg] sDKo'6/ ljifo eP klg ljBfyL{n] jQL;“u} sDKo'6/ gx'“bfF pQm ;'ljwf lng kfPsf 5} gg\ . cGo ljBfnosf sl/j sDKo'6/ z} 4flGts k9fO x'g] t/ kof] ufTds x'“b} g\ . sDKo'6/ gx'“bfF kof] ufTds ePsf] kfOb} g . ;Nofg klZrdsf clwsf+z lgdflj sIff ^, & / * df sDKo'6/ k9fO x'G5 t/ ljBfnox?df aQL;“u} sDKo'6/ gx'“bf kof] ufTds x'g ;ls/x] sf] 5} g . o; If] qsf Ps b'O{ ljBfnoafx] s clwsf+z ljBfnosf ljBfyL{x?n] clxn] ;Dd sDKo'6/ b] Vg kfPsf 5} gg\ .

;fg8fF8f, /f]Nkf % g+= kb]z, g]kfn kyd k6s ksflzt ldlt M @)&^.)*.!& o; u+ufb]j ufpFkflnsf ufpF sfo{kflnsfsf] a}7s ldlt @)&^÷)*÷!^ ut]sf] lg0f{o g+= # adf]lhd ufpFkflnsf cGtu{t vfg]kfgL ;/;kmfO tyf :jR5tf -jf;_ of]hgf tof/ ug{sf] nflu ;a} j8fx?df sfo{ ug{sf nflu tkl;n sd{rf/L cfjZos k/]sf] x'Fbf of]Uotf k'u]sf g]kfnL gful/sx?af6 b/vf:t cfx\jfg ul/Psf] ;fj{hlgs ;a}sf] nflu hfgsf/L u/fOG5 . tkl;n qm= lj1fkg g+= kb cfjZos z}lIfs of]Uotf -dfGotf tna :s]n ;+= ;+Vof kfKt z}lIfs ;+:yfaf6_ @),))) ! )#– tYof+s !$ P;=Pn=;L= ;fy} Android df]afOn @)&^÷)&& ;+sns rnfpg hfGg]

k/LIffsf] lsl;d

kbfjlw

u+ufb]j uf=kf=sf] s/f/ sd{rf/L 5gf}6 tyf Joj:yfkg sfo{ljlw @)&$ sf] dfkb08 / klqmof cg';f/ 5gf}6 ul/g]5 .

;]jfsf] lsl;d # dlxgf s/f/

cfjZos sfuhftx? M g]kfnL gful/stfsf] kdf0fkqsf] kltlnlk– !, z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] kdf0fkqsf] kltlnlk–!, kf;kf]6{ ;fOhsf] kmf]6f] @ j6f pd]/ M !* jif{ k"/f eO{ #% jif{ ggf3]sf] -dlxnfsf] xsdf $) jif{_ b/vf:t b:t'/ M ?= %)).– b/vf:t lbg] ldlt M @)&^.)*.!& ut]b]lv @# ut];Dd . yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu ;Dks{ M (*$%%&)$)), (*@(%)(@$% gf]6 M ;fdflhs ljsf;df slDtdf ! jif{ sfd u/]sf]nfO{ ljz]if kfyldstf lbOg]5 .

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a''4Hof]ltsf] /ht dxf]T;j q lzj/ fh kGyL u9jf, !& d+l;/ . u9jfl: yt a''4Hof] lt dfWolds ljBfnon] : yfkgf ePsf] @% cf} + jif{uf“7sf] cj;/ kf/ ] / ljljw sfo{qmdsf ;fy / ht dxf] T;j dgfPsf] 5 . ljBfno ;~rfns ;ldltsf cWoIf s] zj/ fd ofbjsf] cWoIftf / ;+: yfut ljBfno cu{gfOh] zg -KofA;g_ g] kfnsf s] GbLo ;xcWoIf tyf lzIffljb\ l8s] 9+'+ufgfsf] kd''v cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf ljBfnosf lklG;kn a;Gt/ fh e§/ fO{n] laBfnosf] ;+: yfut kltj] bg k: t''t ug'{ePsf] lyof] . / ht dxf] T;jsf] pb\3f6g ub} { kd''v cltly 9'+ufgfn] ;/ sf/ n] ;fd''bflos ljBfnox?sf] ;d''lrt Aoj: yfkg ug{ g;s] sf] eGb} lghL If] qsf ljBfnox?klt ;/ sf/ sf] b[li6sf] 0f kl/ jt{g ug{ h?/ L ePsf] atfpg''eof] .

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>L hghfu[lt df=lj= 3f]/fxL–!) nd8?jf, bfª

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kNnjL cf}iflw k;n

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Study & Work In

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bfª lhNnfd} klxnf] k6s * Language Classes are Free N2 kf; u/]sf / hfkfgsf] * No need of NAT/JLPT JLPT SofDk;df k9]sf lzIfsåf/f Part time job support * hfkfgLh efiffsf sIffx? ;~rfng * Cities & college of your choice eO/x]sf 5g\. * Gap no problem/Pay after Visa * +2, Bachelor's & Master's can apply

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Fuji Int'l Japanese Language Center

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