२०७९ असार २५ गते शनिबार

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3f]/fxL, @$ c;f/   . hL0f{ k|j]zåf/   . st}sf l6g, st} 9'u+' f df6f]sf 3/x? nyfln+u 5g\ . s]xL elTs;s]sf 5g\ . s]xL elTsg] t/v/df 5g\ . sltsf] 5fgf] 5}g leQf 5g\ . s]xLsf leQf 5g\ 5fgf] 5}g . x]bf{ p/f7 nfUbf] o:tf] b[io zflGt :yfkgfkl5 ag]sf tTsfnLg dfcf]jfbL n8fs" hgd'lQm ;]gf ;qmfd Aof/]ssf] xf]   . )^# kmfu'gdf kf“rf}+ l8lehgcGtu{t bL3{:d[lt lau|]8 ;qmfd Aof/]s bfªsf] t'n ' ;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+= !( l:yt nfdfvf]nf dlxnf ;fd'bflos jgsf] sl/j !^ x]S6/ If]qkmndf :yfkgf ul/Psf] lyof]   . Aof/]sdf sl/j tLg xhf/ hgd'lQm ;]gfn] k/]8 v]Ny]   . 5 jif{kl5 ;]gf ;dfof]hg eof] / Jof/]s vfnL eof]   . sf]xL g]kfnL ;]gfdf uP . s]xL cof]Uo 7xl/P . clwsf+z :j]lR5s cjsfz lnO{ 3/ kmls{P . hgd'lQm ;]gf ;dfof]hgdf

a9\b} sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0f 3f]/fxL, @$ c;f/   -o';_– g]kfndf sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0f km]l/ a9\g yfn]sf] 5 . z'qmaf/ yk (* hgfdf sf]/f]gf efO/; ;+qmd0f k'li6 ePsf] :jf:Yo tyf hg;+Vof dGqfnon] hgfPsf] 5 . dGqfnosf cg';f/ Ps xhf/ ^! hgfsf] kL;Lcf/ k/LIf0f ubf{ *# hgf / Ps xhf/ (# hgfsf] PG6Lh]g k/LIf0f ubf{ !% hgf u/L (* hgfdf ;+qmd0f k'li6 ePsf] xf]   . of];“u} g]kfndf sf]/f]gf efO/;sf] ;lqmo ;+qmldtsf] ;+Vof kf“r ;o ^$ k'u]sf] 5 . h;dWo] kf“r ;o %% hgf xf]d cfO;f]n];gdf /x]sf 5g\ eg] gf}hgf ;+:yfut cfOzf]n]zg / ;fthgf cfO{;Lo'df 5g\ .

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uP klg P]ltxfl;s Jof/]ssf] ;+/If0f eg] x'g ;s]g . )&) kl5 l/lQPsf] Aof/]s ;+/If0fsf] lhDDff ch{g' vf]nf ;z:q k|x/L a]; SofDkn] lnof]   . )&% kmfu'gb]lv ;z:q k|x/Ln] klg ;+/If0f ug{ 5f]l8lbPkl5 tTsfnLg hgd'lQm ;]gf Aof/]s cnkq 5 . …n8fs"sf] Aof/]ssf] cj:yf clxn] a]xfn 5 . o;sf] ;+/If0fdf g ;/sf/nfO{ rf;f] 5, g dfcf]jfbLnfO{ g}Ú– :yfgLo ljeLif0f /f]sfn] eGg'e ' of]– …P]ltxfl;s Aof/]snfO{ g ;/sf/n] ;lDemof], g g]tfn] ;lDemP . P]ltxfl;s Jof/]s v08x/df kl/0ft ePsf] 5 .Ú ufp“n]åf/f x]/rfx n8fs" Jof/]sdf /fHosf] Wofg guP klg :yfgLon] eg] ;s]hlt ;+/If0f u/]sf] atfp“5g\ . gq oxL cj:yf klg /xg] lyPg . …Aof/]s cfof] . af6f] cfof] . Aof/]s cfof], kfgL cfof] . Aof/]s cfof] lah'nL cfof]Ú– :yfgLo sdnL cf]nLn] eGg'e ' of]– …ufp“df Aof/]s;“u} ljsf; klg cfof] t/ Aof/]ssf ;]gf x/fP, Aof/]s / ljsf; klg x/fof] xfd|f nflu .

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3f]/fxL, @$ c;f/   . 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfnfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt kflnsf 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnfdf ePsf bz :yfgLo txdWo] gjf}+ kflnsfsf] ?kdf 3f]/fxLnfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt kflnsf 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] xf]   . …:yfgLo ;|f]tsf] pkof]u, :jfldTj / ;xeflutf, k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrttf xfd|f] k|lta4tfÚ eGg] d"n gf/fsf ;fy 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfnfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrttf tyf lbuf]kg 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] xf]   . 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/nfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrttf tyf lbuf]kg 3f]if0ff ul/P;“u} lhNnfdf gf}j6f kflnsf k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt kflnsf ag]sf 5g\ . 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsfsf k|dv ' g?nfn rf}w/Lsf] cWoIftf tyf lhNnf

t/ klg Aof/]s ;fdfGo x]/rfx ug],{ ;/;fdfg rf]/L x'gaf6 hf]ufpg] sfd ul//x]sf 5f}+ .Ú kmls{Pgg\ g]tf …tTsfnLg hgo'4sf sdf08/ k|r08 k|wfgdGqL g} x'ge ' of]  . cGo sdf08/x? klg y'k}| k6s dGqL eP . jt{dfg ;/sf/df klg dGqL 5g\ . sf]xL ;+3, sf]xL k|b]z ;/sf/df . hgo'4 / ;]gf ;dfof]hgdf klg g]t[Tj ug'{ ePsf s'nk|;fb s];L n'lDagL k|b]zsf] d'VodGqL x'gx' G' 5Ú– :yfgLo eG5g\– …lxhf] oxL Aof/]sdf a:g]x? clxn] ;/sf/df 5g\ . ;/sf/;Dd k'¥ofpg] Jof/]ssf] x]/rfx s;n] ug]{ xf] < of] Oltxf; xf]Og / <Ú tTsfnLg dfcf]jfbL n8fs"sf lau|]8 ;x– sdf08/ df]xg g]kfnL -pHjn_ n] eGg'e ' of]– …h+unaf6 kmls{Psf] klxnf] 3/ xfd|f] Aof/]s xf]   . Jof/]ssf] cj:yf b]Vbf lgs} dg kf]N5 .Ú cfkm}n] agfPsf] Aof/]s cfkm\g} cf“vf cufl8 o:tf] a]xfn cj:yfdf x'b“ f lgs} kL8f x'g] u/]sf] g]kfnLn] ;'gfpg'eof]   . pxf“n] yKg'e ' of]– … slxn]sfxL+ Aof/]sleq k:bf lxhf]sf tL lbgx? ;DemG5' . o'4b]lv Aof/]s;Ddsf s'/fn] kL8f x'G5 . cem Tof] eGbf a9L oL elTsPsf 3/n]   .Ú hgo'4n] hGdfPsf y'k}| g]tf b]zsf pRr cf]xbfdf k'u] klg hgo'4 hGdfPsf] Aof/]s v08x/ aGbf g]tfx?sf] dg klg kf]Ng'kg{] xf]  . g]kfnsf] Pp6f Oltxf; af]s]sf] :yfg xf] n8fs" Aof/]s . o;nfO{ ;+/If0f u/]/ /fVbf cfkm\g} ;Gtltsf nflu dfq} xf]Og, hgo'4 k9\g] b]zL ljb]zLx?sf nflu oL Jof/]s ljZjljBfno h:t} x'g\ . ko{6sLo If]qsf] ?kdf klg Jof/]snfO{ ;+/If0f u/]/ /fVg ;lsGYof]   . t/ ;/f]sf/jfnfx?n] ;f]Rb} g;f]r]sf] :yfgLo dfcf]jfbL sfo{stf{ k"0f{axfb'/ 8f“uLn] atfpg'eof]   . hf] oxf“ sdf08/ lyP pgL clxn] g]tf 5g\ . h'g ;]gf lyP pgL sfo{stf{ 5g\ . sf]xL sf]xL dfq :jtGq xf]nfg\ . s;}n] cGo kf6L{ klg /f]]h] xf]nfg\ . hgo'4n] hGdfPsf g]tf, sfo{stf{x?nfO{ Aof/]ssf] dfof gnfUg'' b'Mvsf] s'/f 5 . k|fyldstfdf k/]g Aof/]s Jof/]sdf dfcf]jfbL n8fs" a;]sf] t xf] g} zflGtkl5 oL Jof/]s dfcf]jfbLsf dfq} x'g\ eGg] c? /fhgLlts bnx?nfO{ nfu]sf] 5 . g]kfnsf] zflGt k|lqmof;“u hf]l8Psf o:tf ;+/rgf b]zs} ;DklQ x'g\ eGg] a'emfO clxn];Dd ;a}df cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . ToxL Aof/]sdf a;]sf dfcf]jfbLn] t Jof/]s af“sL clGtd k]hdf:

;dGjo ;ldlt k|dv ' lgTofgGb zdf{sf] k|dv ' cfltYotfdf z'qmaf/ sfo{qmd u/L 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/nfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt kflnsf 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] xf]   . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} k|dv ' cltly zdf{n] ;/sf/sf] /fli6«o gLltcg';f/ ue{b]lv hGd]kl5 klg x/]s lzz'nfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt ub}{ :j:y gful/s agfpg'kg]d{ f hf]8 lbg'eof]   . pxf“n] lzz'x?nfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt ub}{ o:tf cleofgnfO{ ;kmn agfpg ;s] ;du| /fi6«nfO{ g} :j:y agfpg ;lsg] pxf“sf] egfO lyof]  . sfo{qmddf :jf:Yo sfof{no bfªsf k|dv ' c+ubaxfb'/ zfxLn] gful/sdf :jf:Yo ;r]tgf a9\b} uPsfn] 3f]/fxLnfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrttf tyf lbuf]kgsf ?kdf 3f]if0ff ug{ ;kmn ePsf] atfpg'eof]  .

kl5Nnf] ;do x/]s gful/sx?df b]lvPsf] :jf:Yok|ltsf] uDeL/tfnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ o; k|sf/sf cleofg ;kmn agfpg ;xh ePsf] pxf“sf] egfO lyof]  . oxL gful/sx?df b]lvPsf] :jf:Yok|ltsf] ;r]tgfsf] anaf6 g} lhNnfnfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt 3f]if0ff ug]{ cleofgsf] glhs k'u]sf] pxf“n] atfpg'eof]   . sfo{qmddf pkk|dv ' x'df l8;L, :jf:Yo zfvf k|dv ' gf/fo0fk|;fb 3tL{nufotn] :jf:Yosf ljljw ljifodf cfkm\gf] egfO /fVg'ePsf] lyof]   . ;f] cj;/df, gu/k|dv ' rf}w/Ln] kflnsfsf !( j6} j8f sfof{nonfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt ul/Psf] k|df0fkq k|bfg ug{e ' of] eg] lhNnf ;dGjo ;ldltsf k|dv ' zdf{n] gu/k|dv ' rf}w/LnfO{ k"0f{ vf]k ;'lglZrt kflnsf 3f]if0ff ePsf] k|df0fkq k|bfg ug{e ' of]   .

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b]pv'/L, @$ c;f/   . v'?l/of ufp“ glhs} /fKtL gbL au]sf] 5 . of] gbL;“u /fdgfy rf}w/Lsf] ;DaGw hf]l8Psf] 5 . af9L cfp“bf xf];\ of gbLdf kfgL 36\bf, ;w}+ tl//xg'kg{   ] . kfgL gx'b“ f t vf;} hf]lvd lyPg . t/ avf{df /fdgfynfO{ gbL tg{ ufx|f] kYof{   ] . …xfd|f] hUuf hldg klg gbL kfl/ 5 . ag h+un ug{ hfg'kg{] klg pt} xf]Ú– /fKtL ufp“kflnsf j8f g+= # v'?l/of lgjf;L rf}w/Ln] eGg'eof]– …xfd|f] 7fp“df slxn] k'n aG5 eg]/ s'/]/ a;]sf lyof}+ . clxn] emf]n'u+ ] k'n aGof]  . gbL jfl/kf/L ug{ ;lhnf] eof]  .Ú gbLdf k'n gx'b“ f hf]lvd df]n]/ gbL jf/kf/ ug{k' g{] ;d:of ;dfwfg ePsf] 5 . k'lg/fd rf}w/LnfO{ af9Ln] em08} aufPg . gbLdf k'n gx'b“ f af9L cfPsf] a]nfdf klg tg{k' ¥of]   . kf}l8g hfg]sfn] k'lg/fdnfO{ gbLn] aufpg CMYK

kfPg . …s]xL dlxgfcl3sf] s'/f xf]   . af9L cfPsf] lyof]   . tg{ vf]lhof]   . gbLn] 8'afof]   . kf}l8g hfg]sfn] plqP“ . o:tf] hf]lvd w]/} ef]luof]Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …/fKtLdf k'n gx“b' f w]/}nfO{ aufPsf] 36gf 5 . t/ ca k'n ag]kl5 ;lhnf]

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j8x/f nfO{ hf]8\g j8x/f–v'?l/of emf]n'u+ ] k'n lgdf{0f ePsf] 5 . clxn] of] k'n ;~rfngdf cfPsf] 5 . k'n ag]kl5 a[4, afnaflnsf tyf ;a} pd]/ ;d"xsf dflg;nfO{ ;lhnf] ePsf] xf]  . …k'n gx'b“ fsf] kL8f t kf]vL ;fWo 5}g . gbLdf af9L cfof] eg] 6f]nfP/ dfq} a:g'kg{] x'GYof]Ú– a8x/f lgjf;L z/b /fgfn] eGg'eof]– …/ft lj/ft klg lx8\g kfOg] eof]   .Ú k'nn] tfGg yfNof] ko{6s /fKtL gbLdf ag]sf] of] emf]n'u+ ] k'nn] ko{6s tfGg yfn]sf] 5 . lsgls of] k'nsf] nDafO{ *!*=!) ld6/sf] 5 . ;:k]G; a|Lh l8lehg sfof{nosf cg';f/ dN6L :kfg 6fOksf] k'n lgdf{0f ePsf] xf]   . ufNjf÷hubDaf÷yfgL h]=eL=n] cf7 s/f]8 $& nfv (^ xhf/ 5 ;o &^ ?k}of‘“sf] nfutdf k'n lgdf{0f u/]sf] 5 . b'O{ jif{df k'n lgdf{0f af“sL clGtd k]hdf:

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af“s], @$ c;f/   . ;xsf/L ljQLo ljsf; ;+:yf lnld6]8 g]kfnu~hdf $# s/f]8sf] 3f]6fnf eof]   . ;~rfnssf aLrdf s'/f ldNg 5f]8]kl5 36gf aflx/ cfof]   . ;xsf/Ldf k};f /fv]sf !! xhf/ cf7 ;o rf/ hgf …kLl8tÚ eP . tLg jif{;Dd ;~rfnsnfO{ ;dfTg], h]n xfNg] of w/f}6Ldf 5f]8\g] sfd eof]   . ;xsf/Lsf ;~rfns / pkNnf]:t/sf $! hgf sd{rf/L 8fldP . clxn] 5hgf h]ndf 5g\ . #$ hgf w/f}6Ldf 5'6]sf 5g\ eg] Pshgf cem} km/f/ 5g\ . kLl8tn] g]kfnu~hsf k"jd{ ]o/ ljho u'Ktfsf] ;+of]hsTjdf ;+3if{ ;ldlt agfPsf 5g\ . cfz'tf]if z'Snf ;x;+of]hs /x]sf] ;+3if{ ;ldltn] lg/Gt/ cfGbf]ng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . kLl8tn] cbfnt, k|x/L, lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf lg/Gt/ bafa a9fO/x]sf 5g\ . rsf]{ bafas} sf/0f olta]nf kLl8tsf] …askqÚ lng] sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . ;+3if{ ;ldltsf ;x;+of]hs z'Snfsf cg';f/ Ps xhf/ gf}hgfsf] askq l;l4Psf] 5 . Ps xhf/ gf} hgfsf] @^ s/f]8 ($ nfv

kf“r xhf/ cf7 ;o *@ ?k}of“ b]lvPsf] 5 . laxLaf/b]lv kf“r ;o !& hgfsf] askq z'? ePsf] 5 . kf“r ;o !& hgfsf] cf7 s/f]8 *( nfv *% xhf/ kf“r ;o #! ?k}of“ /x]sf] 5 . askqdf cem} w]/} hgf 5'6]sf 5g\ . pgLx?nfO{ ;d]6\g' k5{ . askq l;l4Pkl5 d'2f k]zLdf hfg] / ax; z'? x'G5 . To;kl5 kLl8tsf] /sd kfpg] qmd z'? x'g] kLl8tx?sf] a'emfO /x]sf] 5 . /sd ckrng -lxgfldgf_ u/]sf ;~rfns tyf pRr:t/sf sd{rf/Lsf] ;DklQ /f]Ssf eO;s]sf] 5 . pgLx?lj?4 ;xsf/L /sd ckrng, 7uL / ;+ul7t ck/fwdf d'2f rnfOPsf] 5 . askqsf nflu k|x/L / ;/sf/L jlsnsf] sfof{non]

;do ;Ldf tf]lslbPsf] lyof]   . ;dodf w]/} hgf kLl8t ;Dks{df cfO;s]sf 5}gg\ . yf]/} k};f ePsfx? w]/} hgf 5'6]sfn] pgLx?nfO{ klg ;fd]n u/fpg'kg]{ cfjfh p7]sf] 5 . ;+3if{ ;ldltsf ;x;+of]hs z'Snfn] 5'6]sfnfO{ klg ;fd]n u/fpg nfluk/]sf] atfpg'eof]   . 3/v]t a]r]/ 7"nf] /sd /fv]sf, ljb]zaf6 cfkmGtn] k7fPsf] k};f /fv]sf w]/}hgf ;Dks{df cfPsf 5g\ . k;naf6 b}lgs b'O{ tLg ;o hDdf ug]x{ ? askqdf 5'l6/x]sf 5g\ . z'Snfn] Ps xhf/hgf askqdf 5'l6/x]sf] cf“sng ug'e { of]  . askqsf nflu z'?df k|x/L sfof{nodf hfg] / Toxf“af6 Pp6f kq lnP/ ;/sf/L jlsnsf] sfof{nodf cfpg'k5{ .

n'lDagL k|b]z:t/Lo /fi6«klt /lgª lzN8 z'? q

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t'n;Lk'/ , @$ c;f/   . n'lDagL k|b] z: t/ Lo / fi6«klt / lgª lzN8 k|ltof] lutf z'qmaf/ b] lv a] nem'08L / +uzfnfdf z'? ePsf] 5. k|ltof]lutfsf] n'lDagL k|b]zsf pmhf{, hn;|f]t tyf l;+rfO{ /fHodGqL ch'g{ s'df/ >]i7n] pb\3f6g ug'e{ Psf] xf]   . pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf af]Nb} dGqL >]i7n] bfª v]ns"bsf nflu x/]s lsl;dn] pko'Qm :yfg ePsf] atfpg'eof]   . …bfª ef}uf]lns tyf jftfj/0fLo lx;fan] ;Dk"0f{ v]nsf nflu pko'Qm ePsf] xfdLn] ljleGg k|ltj]bgx?af6 kfPsf 5f}+ . of] bfª lhNnfsf nflu uj{sf] s'/f xf]Ú– pxf“n] eGg'eof]– …s]xL lbgcl3 of] /u+ zfnfdf gu/:t/Lo, lhNnf:t/Lo /lgª lzN8 k|ltof]lutfx? ;DkGg eO;s]sf 5g\ / clxn] k|b]z:t/Lo k|ltof]lutf z'? ePsf] 5 . o;n] bfªnfO{ v]ns"bsf] xjsf ?kdf :yflkt ug{ dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]Ng] s'/f t 5“b}5 ;fy} bfªsf] Jofj;flos / ko{6g If]qdf klg ;sf/fTds k|efj b]lvg]5 .Ú To:t} dGqL >]i7n] …/fi6«sf

nflu v]ns"b, :jf:Yosf nflu v]ns"nÚ dd{ cjut u/fp“b} ;Dk"0f{ b]zjf;Lx?nfO{ Ps ;"qdf af“Wg] / ;+;f/df cfkm\ gf] b]znfO{ lrgfpg] ;Sg] zlQm v]ns"b g} ePsf] wf/0ff /fVg'eof]   . pxf“n] eGg'eof]– … clxn] ljleGg ljwfdf efu lnPsf v]nf8Lx? ljleGg r/0fx? kf/ ub}{ ef]ln l;+uf] b]zsf] k|ltlglwTj ub}{ ljb]zdf g]kfnsf] em08f kmx/fpg'xg' ]5 . h;n] ;+;f/;fd' g]kfnsf] lz/ prf] x'g]5 eg] b]zleq ljljw ljrf/, ljlww wd{ ;+:s[lt / ljljlw cfofd ePsf gful/sx?nfO{ ;d]t PsLs[t ug]5 { .Ú n'lDagL k|b]z v]ns"b kl/ifb\sf ;b:o ;lrj hok|sfz e§/fO{sf] cWoIftfdf ePsf] pb\3f6g sfo{qmddf

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æx]nf] Û kbd ;/ af]Ng' efsf] xf] <Æ æxf] ;/ d af]Nb}5' .Æ æ;/ Û tkfO+s { f] cfhef]ln a:g] 7fpF s'g xf] <Æ æ:yfoL 3f]/fxL pkdxfgu/kflnsf–( c:kf/f, c:yfoL 3f]/fxL–!% z'qmky 6f]n .Æ ætkfO{+sf] lzIf0f k]zfsf] cltl/Qm s] xf] <Æ æ;flxTo cWoog, n]vg / kqsfl/tf .Æ æk|sflzt s[lt slt <æ æ!% j6f .Æ æj}zfv !) ut]sf lbg Ko'7fg cfpg'knf{ o;}nfO{ lgDtf] ;Demg'xf]nf .Æ æs] sf nflu Ko'7fg cfpg] <Æ d]/f] lh1f;f lyof]  . ætkfO+{nfO{ Ko'7fg lhNnfn] ;Demgf u/]sf] 5 . afFsL kl5 s'/f u/f}+nf .Æ of] ;Djfb lyof] ;flxTo kl/ifb\ Ko'7fgsf cWoIf u]x/fh yfkf;Fusf]   . 5f]6f] ;Djfbkl5 pxfFn] df]afOn aGb ug'{eof]  . d cfZro{df k/]+ . ;flxTo kl/ifb\ Ko'7fgn] ;Ddfgsf nflu d]/f] gfd 5gf]6 u/]5 . of] ;Ddfg d]/f nflu lgs} ux|f}+ lyof]  . Psftkm{ dgdf v'zL nfUof] csf]{ tkm{af6 k|z:t lh1f;f klg hfUof]  . ;flxTo kl/ifb\ Ko'7fgn] d]/f] gfd s;/L 5fGg k'Uof] < s]xL ;do o;} ljifodf 3f]lTng k'u]+ . h;/L 5fg] klg hGdsf] lx;fjn] Pp6f Ko'7fgLnfO{ 5fg]sf] 5 . o;df cfZro{ dfGg'kg]{ s'g} sf/0f g} 5}g eGg] nfu]/ Ko'7fg lhNnf / ToxfFsf ;flxTosf/ ;fyLx?nfO{ dgdg} wGojfb lbPF . bz ut]sf] sfo{qmdsf] nflu ( ut] g} Ko'7fg k'Ug] va/ cfof]   . d]/f ldq b]j]Gb| l/hfnnfO{ tTsfn kmf]g ;Dks{ u/]/ Ko'7fg ;fy} hfg] ;fy} cfpg] k|:tfj u/]+ . ;xif{ :jLsf/ ug'{eof]   . b]j]Gb|sd' f/ l/hfn;Fusf] ofqf lgs} /dfOnf] / /f]rs x'G5 . t/ pxfF;Fu !) ut] laxfg hfg] / ;Dej eP p;}lbg lkmtf{ x'g] ;Nnfx ePsf] lyof]  . xfd|f] ;Djfb ;ft ut] laxfg h:tf] nfU5 . sf7df8f}+af6 k|f=8f= uf]kLGb| kf}8]nn] kmf]gdfkm{t ( ut]sf lbg efn'afªdf e]6 eP/ ;fy} hfg] k|:tfj ug'{eof]   . Ko'7fgsf ;fyLx?sf] dfu / ldq uf]kLGb|hLsf] rfxgf cg';f/ !) ut] hfg] eg]sf] sfo{qmd xfdLn] abn]/ ( ut]sf] nflu ldnfof}+ . eft 5f]8\g' ;fy g5f]8\g'

eG5g\ . To;sf/0f xfdLnfO{ ;fy 5f]8\g dg nfu]g . ( ut]sf lbg ck/fGx % ah] efn'afªdf e]6 eP/ xfdLn] Ko'7fgsf] ofqf yfNof}+ . uf]kLGb|HfLsf h]7f bfh' dw';"bg kf}8]n clg pxfFsf sfOFnf efO bfdf]b/ kf}8]n, b]j]Gb| l/hfn / of] k+lQmsf/sf] ofqf Ko'7fgsf nflu efn'afªaf6 cf/De eof]  . rfnsn] cfkm\g} ;'/ / tfndf uf8L cufl8 a9fpg'eof]  . xfdLn] ljleGg ljifo p7fg u/]/ ofqfnfO{ /;do agfof}+ . xfdLn] e"uf]n, Oltxf;, ;flxTo snfsf ;fydf k|fs[lts ;'Gb/tf / o;nfO{ arfpg] nufotsf ljljw ljifodf 5nkmn ug{ Eofof}+ . dw';"bghL nfdf] ;do lghfdtL ;]jf Tof] klg pRr cf]xf]bfdf /x]/ ;]jflgj[Q /fi6«;]js x'gx' G' 5 . uf]kLGb| kf}8]n cfkm}df k|f=8f= x'gx' G' 5 . b]j]Gb| l/hfn ;flxTosf/ Pj+ nfdf] ;od lzIf0f k]zfdf /x]/ ;]jflgj[Q lzIfs x'gx' G' 5 . To:t} bfdf]b/ kf}8]n klg nfdf] ;do lghfdtL ;]jfdf /x]/ ;]jflgj[Q /fi6«;]js / n]vs tyf ;flxTosf/ x'gx' G' 5 . nfdf] ;dokl5 nfdf] ofqfdf lg:s]sf lyof}+ . @)&( ;fn j}zfv ( ut]sf] ofqf efn'afªb]lv ljh'jf/;Ddsf] clj:d/0fLo /xg uof]   . ljåfg ldqx?;Fusf] ofqf s;nfO{ /d0fLo gnfUnf < ;a}hgf /fhgLlts lx;fjn] clt ;r]t x'g\x' G' 5 . x/]s s'/f ljZn]if0f ug]{ /fd|f] Ifdtf ;a}df 5 . xfd|f] ofqfdf @)&( ;fn j}zfv #) ut] ;DkGg x'g] :yfgLo lgjf{rg klg 5]ps'gfaf6 ld;fof}+ . To;n] emg /f}gs yKof]   . ljZn]if0fs} qmddf eljiosf] nflu klg s]xL s'/fx? yk]sf lyof}+ . eljio /fd|f] agfpg] jt{dfgdf s]xL /fd|f] sfo{ ePsf] x'gk' b{5 . hGdsf] s'/f ubf{ kfFr}hgf Ko'7fg lhNnfdf hGd]sf lyof}+ . sd{sf] s'/f ubf{ pxfFx? s]xL ;do bfªdf :yfoL a;f]af; u/]/ dw';"bg / uf]kLGb|hL sf7df8f}df a;f]af; ug'{xG' 5 eg] bfdf]b/hL bfªdf a:g'xG' 5 . b]j]Gb|sd' f/ l/hfnsf] a;fO klg cfhef]ln bfªd} /x]sf] 5 . efn'afªaf6 Ko'7fg lah'jf/;Ddsf] ofqfsf nflu lgs} kxf8 3'DtLx? kf/ ul/of]  . of] dfu{af6 lgs}k6s bfª Ko'7fg ofqf ul/;lsPsf] x'gfn] klg aflx/sf] jftfj/0fdf cfh xfdL 8'Ag ;s]gf}+ .

;?df/fgLsf] a8\8fF8f of] If]qsf] Jofkfl/s s]Gb| xf]  . hxfF ljleGg k|sf/sf vfBfGgnufotsf a:t'x? kfpg ;lsG5 . sltko j:t'x? oxL+ pTkfbg ePsf x'g\ eg] sltko j:t'x? aflx/af6 NofOPsf x'g\ . :yfgLo x'g t oxfFsf Jkfkf/Lx?n] :yfgLo pTkfbg eGg] ug'{ x'G5 t/ ;a} j:t'x? :yfgLo pTkfbg xf]Ogg\ h:tf] nfU5 . dw';"bghL nfdf] ;dokl5 Ko'7fg hfg nfUg'ePsfn] af6f]df hfFb} ubf{ a8\8fF8fsf] af/]df lh1f;f /fVg'ePsf] lyof]   . ToxfF k'u]kl5 xfdL ;a}hgf cf]ln{P/ ljleGg j:t'x?sf] efp ;f]w]sf lyof}+ . cGoq eGbf s]xL sd bfddf oxfF j:t'x? kfOG5g\ . oxfFsf] :yfgLo s]/f clt ld7f] x'G5 eg]/ xfdLn] bh{g e/L s]/f vl/b u/]/ rfv]sf lyof}+ . oxfFsf] xfjfkfgL klg /fd|f] dflgG5 . rf/}tkm{ xl/ofnLo'Qm kxf8L e"efu 5 . s]xL k/sf] efudf ufpF j:tLx? b]Vg ;lsG5 . k|foM u/]/ lztn xfjf rNg] x'gfn] oxfF udL{sf] dx;'; x'bF }g . ef]hg tyf gf:tfsf] nflu tdfd xf]6n tyf k;nx? 5g\ . :yfgLo ahf/ ePsfn] o; 7fpFdf dflg;x?sf] afSnf] pkl:ylt b]Vg ;lsG5 . a8\8fF8f kf/ u/]kl5 cf]/fnf] af6f] cf]n{gk' b{5 . ToxL cf]/fnf] af6f] cf]n{b}{ ubf{ ldq u]x/fh yfkf;Fu kmf]gdf ;Dks{ eof]   . pxfFn] lah'jf/df /x]sf] /fgf u]i6xfp;df l;w} cfpg'xf]nf eGg'eof]   . xfdL 9'Sssf ;fy cufl8 al9/Xof}+ . udL{sf] ;do eP klg xfdL k'Ug' s]xL If0f klxn] Tof] af6f]df kfgL k/]sf] /x]5 . xfdLnfO{ To;n] lztntf k|bfg u¥of]  . xfd|f] ofqfnfO{ df};dn] klg ;fy lbof] eGg'kb{5 . lgs} nfdf] cf]/fnf] / 3'lDtx? kf/ u/]/ b]jL:yfgg]/ k'u]kl5 dw';b" g kf}8]nn] dnfO{ hGdufpF ;f]Wg'eof]  . pxfFsf] k|Zg 7Ls ;dodf cfPsf] lyof]   . ToxL c/ªvf]nfsf] klZrd leqlt/sf] ufpFdf eGg kfOof]   . b]jL:yfgg]/ k'Ubf ;w}e/L cfkm\ gf] hGdynf]sf] ofb cfpg] ub{5 . cfkm\g} hGd ufpFsf] glhsaf6 cfPsf] kfgL o; c/ªvf]nfdf aUg] ub{5 . b]jL:yfg k'u]kl5 @)#! ;fn sflt{s !) ut]sf] /ft latfPsf] ofb cfof]   . o;} /ft h:k'/df /fd cyf{t d]nf nfUbf]/x]5 . xfdL Pp6f xf]6ndf af; dfu]/ a;]sf lyof}+ . /fd -d]nf_ df hfg]x? hf] 6f9f 6f9faf6 cfPsf lyP x'nsf x'n dflg;x?n]

kßk|;fb zdf{ dfbnsf] tfndf uLt ufpFb} lx+8bf /x]5g\ . pgLx? d]nfdf hfg]x?nfO{ /dfOnf] t ePxf]nf t/ xfdL eg] /fte/ lgbfpg ;s]gf}+ . csf]l{ bg laxfg rsrs]df /x]sf] emf]n'Ë]k'n -xfn clt hL0f{ cj:yfdf /x]sf] b]Vg ;lsG5_ kf/ u/]/ r]/g]6fsf] kmPF/f]lt/ nfu]sf lyof}+ . laxfge/ k}bn af6f] gfk]/ Sjf8L dfdfsf] 3/df k'luof]  . tL lbgx? / cfhsf] lbgdf slt km/s 5 < Tof] ;dodf htf hfg klg k}bn af6f] gfKg'kg]{ . g /fd|f] af6f] g ;jf/Lsf ;fwg . xfdL efn'afªaf6 r]/g]6f k'Ubf gk'Ub} lem;ld;] eO;s]sf] lyof]   . Sjf8L dfdfsf] 3/ glhs k'u]/ ;xofqLx?nfO{ sfG5f] dfdfsf] 5f]/f] rGb|df]xgsf] 3/ b]vfpg dfq kfPF . xfdLnfO{ ToxfF cf]n{g] ;do lyPg . lemnldnf] k|sfzdf Ko'7fgsf] kmfF6sf] j:tL lgofNb} cufl8 nfUof]  . Sjf8L kf/ u/]kl5 k'gM u]x/fh yfkfnfO{ ;Dks{ ul/of] pxfF cfkm" lah'jf/d} /x]sf] va/ lbg'eof] ;fy} lah'jf/ ahf/df /x]sf] /fgf nhdf l;w} cfpg eGg'eof]   . xfdL pxfFn] lbPsf] af6f]sf] lgb]{zg cg';f/ k'Uof}+ . s]xL ;flxTosf/ ;fyLx? xfd|f] k|tLIffdf x'gx' Fb' f]/x]5 . gf} ut]sf lbg laxfg}b]lv clns sfdsf] rfkdf kl/of]  . laxfgdf s]xL 3/fo;L sfd / lbpF;f] Ps ah]sf] k|ultzLn n]vs ;+3sf] ;Ddfg sfo{qmddf ;xefuL eP/ b'O{hgf ;fyLx? hf] xfn} ;DkGg k|n];sf] afx|f}+ /fli6«o ;Dd]ngaf6 lgjf{lrt s]Gb|Lo ;b:o /fdk|;fb h}zL / /fli6«o kl/ifb ;b:o a;Gt ljjz cfrfo{nfO{ ;Ddfg ug]{ sfo{qmd lyof]   . ToxL sfo{qmddf ;fyLx?n] k|dv ' cltlysf nflu cg'/f]w ug'{eof]   . h;nfO{ gsfg}{ ldn]g . pQm sfo{sf] aLrdf ;fyLx?;Fu ljbf eP/ efn'afªsf nflu ldq b]j]Gb| l/hfn, bfdf]b/ kf}8]nsf ;fydf k|:yfg u/]sf lyof}+ . lbge/ sfdsf] rfk / nfdf] ofqf ePsf] x'gfn] ljh'jf/sf] /fgfnhdf k'Ubf;fy sf]7fdf k'u]/ emf]nf la;fpg] k|:tfj ul/of] . sf]7fdf k'u]/ ef]lnsf] sfo{qmdsf] af/]df ;fdfGo hfgsf/L lnof}+ clg vfgf vfg cf]ln{of}+ . Ko'7fgsf] cfltYotfnfO{ ;Demb} lgGb|fb]jLsf] sfvdf k'luof]   . lgb|fdf klg Ko'7fg e"lddf ofqf u/]sf] b]lv/x]sf] lyPF . Ko'7fg d ltdLnfO{ s;/L la;{g ;S5' Û

:yfgLo ko{6g

k|efjsf/L k|rf/k|;f/sf] kvf{Odf /fKtL zflGt pBfg ko{6g g]kfndf ;a}eGbf 7"nf] pBf]u xf] h'g cfDbfgLsf] ;|f]t klg xf]  . bfª lhNnf t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsf j8f g+ & >L u0f]z ;fd'bflos jgsf] xftfleq /x]sf] /fKtL zflGt pBfg lj=;+ @)%( ;fndf :yfkgf ePsf] xf]  . tTsfnLg ;dodf To; If]qdf ePsf] :yfgLox¿sf] ;fd"lxs 5nkmnaf6 :yfgLo o'jf xl/ l/hfnsf] g]t[Tjdf ;fljssf] t'n;Lk'/ gu/kflnsf j8f g+ # sf af;L tyf >L u0f]z ;fd'bflos jgsf] tTsfnLg sfo{;ldlt Pj+ pkef]Qmfsf] kxndf pQm pBfgsf] lgdf{0f sfo{sf] ;'¿jft ePsf] xf]  . eujfg uf}td a'4sf] hGd:yn n'lDagLkl5 n'lDagL k|b]zs} Ps uxgfsf] ¿kdf b]vf k/]sf] /fKtL zflGt pBfg pko'Qm k|;f/k|;f/sf] kvf{Odf /x]sf] 5 . cfGtl/s tyf afXo ko{6ssf] nflu ko{6sLo uGtJosf] ¿kdf /x]sf] /fKtL zflGt pBfgdf xfn cjnf]sg ug{, 3'd3fd ug{ / jgef]hsf] nflu ;d]t ko{6sx¿ cfpg] u/]tf klg To; If]qdf :yfkgf ul/Psf xf]d:6] eg] ;'g;fg 5g\ . ;fdfGo k|j]z z'Ns sfod ul/Psf] pQm kfs{df afnaflnsfsf nflu afnpBfg, a]aL /]n, lkª, lrKn]6L / kf}8Lkf]v/L h:tf k"jf{wf/sf] ;d]t lgdf{0f ul/Psf] 5 . /fKtL zflGt pBfgsf] csf]{ dxTjk"0f{ kIf eg]sf] o;df em/gf;lxtsf] 9"ª\u] kxf8 / lrl8of 3/ klg /x]sf] 5 . lrl8of3/df afFb/, b'D;L, lrtn, v/fof], /fhxfF;, 6sL{, pNn', afh, s5'jfnfO{ 5'6\6f5'6\6} sf]7fdf /flvPsf] 5 . vf;u/L cfGtl/s ko{6sx¿ lrl8of3/df /x]sf af3, xl/0f h:tf hgfj/x¿sf] cjnf]sg ug{ ;d]t cfpg] ub{5g\ . r/fr'¿ª\uLsf] dw'/ :j/, k|fs[lts tyf h}ljs ljljwtfn] el/k"0f{ /x]sf] pBfgdf ToxfF ljleGg k|hfltsf jg:klt / km"nsf] au+rf } eP klg kof{Kt tyf k|efjsf/L k|rf/k|rf/sf] cefjdf of] :yfg bfª lhNnfaflx/ kl/lrt x'gaf6 cem} klg al~rt 5 . pBfgsf] pQ/tkm{ agef]h vfgsf] nflu s]xL ;]6x¿klg tof/ ul/Psf] 5 . ;fy} vfg]kfgL / zf}rfnosf] ;d]t Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . agef]hsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ efF8fs'F8f, bfp/f tyf UofF;sf] ;d]t pBfgdf ;'ljwf eO;s]sf] 5 . dflg;x¿ hflu/ tyf Joj;fosf] sf/0fn] cf/fd ug]{ tyf dgf]/~hg ug]{ p2]Zon] ed|0f tyf cjnf]sg

ug{sf] nflu /fKtL zflGt pBfg pko'Qm 7fpF g} dflgG5 . rf/}lt/ ¿v tyf PsfGt 7fpFdf pBfg ePsf] sf/0f ljleGg hfthfltsf r/fr'¿ª\uL b]Vbf ko{6sx¿ cfkm\"n] cfgGbsf] cg'e"lt ub{5g\ . tTsfnLg g]kfn sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ dfcf]jfbLsf] ;z:q ;+ª\3if{sf] ;dodf zflGtsf] ;Gb]z lbg] p2]Zon] :yfgLo >L u0f]z ;fd'bflos jg ;d"xsf pkef]Qmf, o; If]qsf a'l4hLjL, Jofkf/L, gful/s cu'jf / ;/sf/L lgsfosf] kxndf ToxfF /fKtL zflGt pBfg lgdf{0f ug]{ lg0f{o ul/Psf] lyof]  . / ldlt @)%( df3 * ut]b]lv pBfg lgdf{0f ug{ z'¿ ul/Psf] xf]  . pBfg lgdf{0fsf] z'¿z'¿sf] cj:yfdf emf8L tyf a'6\ofg ;kmf ug{ g]kfnL ;]gf, g]kfn k|x/L, :yfgLoaf;L, a'l4hLjL, Jofkf/L, gful/s cu'jfn] of]ubfg u/]sf] Oltxf; 5 . pBfg lgdf{0fsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ hUuf :yfgLo >L u0f]z ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf ;ldltn] pknAw u/fPsf] lyof]   . :yfkgf sfnv08df g]kfn ;/sf/ :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnoaf6 #& nfv %) xhf/ cg'bfg k|fKt ePsf] / ;f]xL /sdaf6 pBfg lgdf{0fsf] sfd z'¿ ul/Psf] lyof]  . To;kl5sf sfnv08df k6s k6s tTsfnLg lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt bfª, t'n;Lk'/ gu/kflnsf, :yfgLo hgk|ltlglw, Jofkf/L / g]kfn ;/sf/af6 s/f]8f}+ ¿k}ofF k|fKtePsf] / ;f] /sdaf6 ;ldltsf] sfof{no ejg, kvf{n, zf}rfno, k|j]zåf/, agef]h:yn, uf8]{g nufotsf k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] cj:yf 5 . ljutsf jif{x¿df gful/s tyf jg pkef]Qmfsf] cys >dbfg / /fHon] u/]sf] ;xof]un] g} clxn] /fKtL zflGt pBfg bfª lhNnfsf] d'Vo ko{6sLo s]Gb|sf] ¿kdf kl/rt eP klg pBfg If]qdf kof{Ktdfqfdf kfgLsf] Joj:yf eg] 5}g\ . csf]{tkm{ jg:klt / pBfgsf nflu cfjZos kg]{ bIf hgzlQmsf] cefj 5 . pBfg;Dd k'Ug] ldngrf]s a/fxyfg /fKtL zflGt pBfg ;8s ;d]t sfnf]kq] x'g g;Sbf ;d:of b]vf k/]sf] 5 . pBfg lgdf{0fsf nflu ljleGg u'¿of]hgf tof/ kfl/P klg b't| ultdf o;sf] sfof{Gjog x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . /fKtL zflGt pBfg /fKtL /fhdfu{ cGtu{t t'n;Lk'/– sk'/sf]6 ;8sv08sf] t'n;Lk'/ jL/]Gb|rf]saf6 tLg lsnf]ld6/ pQ/df >Lu} ufpFaf6 em08} 8]9

lsnf]ld6/ k"j{df kb{5 . lj=;+= @)%( ;fndf zflGtsf] sfdgf ub}{ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] /fKtL zflGt pBfg pko'Qm 7fpF eP klg pko'Qm k|rf/k|;f/sf] cefjsf sf/0f kof{Kt dfqfdf cfGtl/s tyf afXo ko{6sx¿ leœofpg ;s]sf] 5}g\ . o; pBfgdf dflg;x¿ vf;u/L jgef]h vfg]b]lv cjnf]sg tyf dgf]/~hgsf] nflu cfpg] ub{5g\ . pBfgdf bfª lhNnfsf ;fy} l5d]sL lhNnfx¿af6 cjnf]sg tyf dgf]/~hgsf nflu ko{6sx¿ cfpg] ub{5g\ . ;d'bflos jgsf] sl/j !% ljufx If]qkmndf km}lnPsf] /fKtL zflGt pBfg ;'/Iffsf] b[li6sf]0fn] klg 9'Ss 5 . rf/}lt/ tf/af/ tyf kvfnn] 3]l/Psf] /fKtL zflGt pBfg lgs6 eljZiod} pko'Qm ko{6sLo s]Gb| aGg ;S5 . h;n] of] pBfgnfO{ Jojl:yt u/L b'n{e hl8a'6L pBfgsf] ¿kdf ;d]t ljsf; ug{ ;lsG5 . xl/ l/hfn, 6f]kaxfb'/ s];L / l8NnL/fh e08f/Ln] pBfgsf] Joj:yfkg ;ldltdf g]t[Tj ul/;s]sf 5g\ . /fKtL zflGt pBfgdf kl5Nnf] ;dodf cfGtl/s ko{6ssf] pkl:ylt a9\bf] 5 . sf]/f]gf dxfdf/Lsf] ;dodf ePsf] aGbfaGbLsf] ;do kZrft lj:tf/} cfGtl/s ko{6ssf] ;+ª\Vof a9]sf] 5 . ;fj{hlgs ljbfsf] ;dodf sd{rf/L ljBfyL{ tyf lzIfsx¿ Pj+ ahf/ ;d]t aGb x'g] x'gfn] pQm ;dodf cln w]/} ;+ª\ Vofdf ko{6sx¿ cfpg] ub{5g\ . xfn kfs{df a'4sf] d"lt{, sf7sf] cfsf;] k'n, afud'v] k|j]zåf/, 3f]8f, lrDkf~hL, lrN8«]gkfs{, 9'+u] kxf8 / kfs{sf] aLr efudf /x]sf] kfgLsf] kmf]xf]/f cflbko{6sx¿sf] cfs{if0fsf] s]Gb| ag]sf 5g\ . /fKtL zflGt pBfgsf] blIf0ftkm{ u}/fvfnL ;fd'bflos jg kb{5 eg] klZrdtkm{ u0f]zk'/ / gofFufpF kb{5 . To;}u/L, k"j{tkm{ / pQ/tkm{ >L u0f]z ;fd'bflos jgsf] efu kb{5 . xfn s]xL sd{rf/Lx¿ ;d]t o; pBfgdf sfo{/t /x]sf 5g\ . g]kfn ;/sf/sf] s/f]8f}+ nufgL eO;s]sf] of] ;+:yfdf xfn;Dd ljB'tLo k|ljlwsf] k|of]u ePsf] 5}g . :yfkgfsf] @) cf}+ jif{ k'Ubf ;Dd klg g pBfgdf sDKo"6/ l6s]l6ªsf] Joj:yf 5 g t o;sf] j]j;fO6 / ;fdflhs ;~hfn g} ;lqmo 5 . g t s'g} hfgsf/L k'l:tsf g} tof/ ul/Psf] 5 . kmn:j¿k of] ;Lldt If]qdf dfq kl/rt 5 . /fKtL zflGt pBfg /x]sf] pQm :yfg s'g} ;dodf

lji0f'k;| fb vgfn

cltqmd0fdf k/]sf] lyof]   . s'g} ;dodf /fli6«o jg /x]sf] pQm :yfgnfO{+ cltqmldt u/]/ 3/ agfpFbf jftfj/0fLo / cfly{s;lxt x/]s lx;fjn] c;/ kg]{ ePkl5 To; If]qsf :yfgLo ldn]/ >L u0f]z ;fd'bflos jgsf] :yfkgf ePsf] / ;f]xL ;fd'bflos jgsf] ;fgf] efudf pBfg lgdf{0fsf] s'/f gofF klqsf b}lgs @)&( h]7 @$ n] ;d]t pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 . ;+/rgf lgdf{0f dfq pknlAw xf]Og, To;nfO{ plrt Joj:yfkg ug{ klg ;Sg'kb{5 . sfof{nodf bIf sd{rf/Lsf] Joj:yfkg u/L k|ljlwsf] k|of]u ub}{ k|efjsf/L k|rf/k|;f/ ug'{ cfjZos 5 . g]kfn ;/sf/ /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]un] tof/ u/]sf] kGb|f| }+ k~rjifL{o of]hgf @)&^ –@)*! n] g]kfn Ps cfsif{s, ;'/lIft / dgf]/d ko{6sLo uGtJo agfpg] ;f]r tyf g]kfnnfO{ cu|0fL :yfgdf :yfkgf ug]{ nIo /flvPsf] 5 . To;}u/L, of]hgfn] g]kfnnfO{ ;'/lIft, u'0f:t/Lo, ko{6gd}qL agfO{ cfsif{s ko{6s s]Gb|sf] ¿kdf ljsf; ug]{, ko{6sLo uGtJo :yn tyf pkhdf ljljlws/0f u/L ko{6g If]qsf] cy{tGqdf of]ubfg a[l4 ug]{ / ko{6sLo If]qaf6 k|fKt nfenfO{ ;dGoflos¿kn] hg:t/;Dd k'¥ofpg] p2]Zo /flvPsf] 5 . pQm of]hgfsf] nIoadf]lhd g} :yfgLo:t/df /x]sf ko{6sLo ;+/rgfx¿sf] plrt k|rf/k|;f/sf] cfjZostf 5 . ;+3Lo ;/sf/, k|b]z tyf lhNnf l:yt lgsfo / :yfgLotxsf] k|of;af6 Pp6f jg If]qdf lgdf{0f ePsf] pBfgdf s/f]8f}+ nufgL x'g' ;fdfGo s'/f xf]Og\ . To:tf ;+/rgfx¿nfO{ plrt Joj:yfkg u/L k|ljlwsf] k|of]u ub}{ k|;f/k|;f/ ug'{ cfjZos 5 . gLlt tyf of]hgfx¿ tof/ ubf{ lj1 ;d"x u7g u/L :yfgLo hgtfsf] dd{ cg'¿k ;+/rgfx¿ lgdf{0f ug]{, lgdf{0f ;DkGg eO;s]sf ;+/rgfsf] af/]df k':ts, kfZj{lrq, j[Qlrq, rnlrq tyf cGo ljB'tLo ;fdu|Lx¿sf] lgdf{0f tyf k|of]u ub}{ g]kfnL, lxGbL / cª\u]|hL efiffdf ;d]t b:tfj]hx¿ tof/ u/L ;+;f/sf ;a} b]zdf pBfgsf] af/]df, pBfg;Fu hf]l8Psf ;/f]sf/jfnf lgsfosf] af/]df / ;du| To; If]qdf /x]sf] ;a} ;+/rgfx¿sf] plrt k|;f/k|;f/ ug'{ cfjZos 5 . k|efjsf/L k|rf;k|;f/ ug{ ;s]sf] v08df cfGtl/s tyf afXo ko{6s leœofpg ;lsg] / cyf]{kfh{gdf 6]jf k'Ug] b]lvG5 .

;|i6fx?n] syf, sljtf, lgaGw, pkGof;, gf6s tyf snfsf If]qdf w]/} snd rnfpFb} cfpg'ePsf] 5 . lqe'jg ljZjljBfnoaf6 efg'eQmaf/] :gftsf]Q/df y'k}| zf]wu|Gy n]lvPsf 5g\ . efg' hoGtL k|To]s jif{sf] c;f/ @( ut] dgfpg] ul/Psf] 5 . efg' hoGtLsf lbg s}of+} ;|i6fx?n] efg'sf] hLjgLsf af/]df rrf{ ;d]t ub{5g\ . efg'eQmsf] af/]df snd rnfpg] ;|i6fx?sf] ;+Vof xhf/f}+ k'lu;s]sf xf]nfg\ . cflb sljs} af/]df snd rnfpFbf sltko ;|i6fx? ;Ddfg / k'/:s[t klg x'ge' Psf] xf]nf Û t/ w]/} ;|i6fx? efg'eQmsf] hGd:yn r'FbL /D3fsf] lzv/ s6]/Ldf k'Ug' ePsf] 5}g xf]nf < cg's"n ldnfP/ k'Ubf /fd|f] x'g]5 . e|d0f ;|i6fx?sf nflu v'nf ljZjljBfno x'G5 . k|s[lt;Fu ;Djfb ug]{ ;fwgf ePsf ;|i6fsf t s'/} 5f8f}+ . e|d0fsf] qmddf b]lvg] k|fs[lts, P]ltxfl;s, ;f+:s[lts, ;fdflhs / o:t} cGo s'/fx?n] ;|i6fx?sf] efjgfdf gofF t/ªu k}bf ub{5 . ;i6fx?sf cf–cfˆgf efjgf / sNkgf x'G5g\ . gofF 7fpFsf] e|d0fn] ;|i6fx?df gofF–gofF ljrf/ p7\5 . e|d0fsf] l;nl;nfdf cfˆgf dgsf] efj c?sf] ;fd'Gg] JoQm ug{ yfN5 . dgsf] efj JoQm ubf{ af]n]/ eGbf n]v]/ JoQm ul/Psf] efj cld6 x'G5 . s'g} klg 7fpFsf] :ynut cWooglagf n]lvPsf w]/} ljifox? cw'/f x'G5g\ . ;'g]sf] eGbf cfˆg} cfFvfn] b]v]sf] s'/f ;To x'G5 . e|d0f gu/L sf]7fdf a;]/ n]Vg] ;|i6fx? slxn] sfxL+ efjgfdf klg aUg] ub{5g\ / cfˆgf] k|sflzt n]v cyjf s[ltdf lajflbt aGb5g\ . cflbslj efg'eQmsf] @)( cf}+ hGd hoGtL c;f/ @( ut] xf] . of] a]nfdf ;|i6fx? efg'sf] hGd:yn tgx"Fsf] r'FbL/D3fdf kg]{ lzv/ s6]/L k'Ug ;s] /fd|f] x'G5 . lzv/ s6]/L hfFbf slDtdf Ps xKtfsf] Kofs]h sfo{qmd agfpg'eof] eg] tgx'F lhNnfsf cGo P]ltxfl;s / ;f+:s[lts :ynx?df ;d]t e|d0f ug{ ;Sg'xG' 5 . kf]v/f–sf7df8f+} ;8sdf kg]{ tgx'Fsf] 8'd]| ahf/af6 !# lsnf]ld6/ pQ/tkm{ r'FbL /D3f efg'eQmsf] hGd:yn kb{5 . 8'd]|–a];Lzx/ efg'eQm cfrfo{ dfu{df kg]{ 8'd]| / e+;f/ ahf/ g]kfn ;/sf/åf/f gofF zx/sf] 3f]if0ff ePsf] 7fpF klg xf]   . e+;f/b]lv r'bL vf]nfsf] pbud If]q rGb|fjtL;Dd sl/j @) lsnf] ld6/ If]q kxf8L pkTosf ag]sf] 5 . e+;f/b]lv dfly nfu]kl5 gfua]nL 8fF8fsfF8fx?sf aLr–aLrdf aUg] r'FbL vf]nf / df]6/ dfu{df kg]{ km';]{6f/, afªu] /x, ;]kf au}+rf x'Fb} efg'sf] ;+ux| fno ePsf] r'FbL/D3fdf k'luG5 . efg' :df/ssf] sfof{noaf6 efg' hlGdPsf] 3/ lzv/ s6]/L k'Ug r'bL a];Laf6 rf/ lsnf] ld6/ pQ/–k"j{ cUnf] 8fF8f]df k'Ug'kb{5 . lzv/ s6]/Ldf hfg cfhef]ln df]6/ dfu{ ;d]t lgdf{0f ePsf] 5 . bD;Lnf] kxf8L >[+vnf h+undf /xn nfUbf ;fn / cGo ag:kltsf ?vx?n] el/Psf] lzv/ s6]/L k'Ug k}bn ofqfdf /dfpg] ;|i6f ko{6sx?n] $) ldg]6 hlt psfnf] af6f]df ofqf ug{k' b{5 . klxnf] k6s lzv/ s6]/L hfg] ;|i6f ko{6snfO{ ofqfdf b]lvg] v]tLof]Uo ;dtn kmfF6, 7"nf cfFksf au}+rf, gfuj]nL cfsf/df aUg] r'FbLvf]nf, 8'd]|b]lv af6f]df e]l6g] zx/f]Gd'v ahf/ If]qn] df]lxt u/fOlbG5 . ofqfdf ;|i6fx?n] efg'sf] af/]df s]xL gofF s'/f e]l6G5 ls eg]/ r'FbL/D3fsf dflg;x?;Fu ;f]wvf]h ub{5g\ . slt s'/f l6K5g\, kmf]6f lnb} ;|i6fx? /dfpF5g\ . lzv/ s6]/Lsf] gfd efg'eQmsf kgflt :j=d'lQmgfy cfrfo{n] cfˆgf] n]vgdf efg'sf] 3/nfO{ lzv/ s6]/L gfd pNn]v u/]sf lyP . To;} cg';f/ lzv/ s6]/Lsf] gfd k|rngdf cfPsf] xf]   . efg' hGd]sf] ;dodf lzv/ s6]/Lsf] 8fF8fdf 7"nf] a:tL lyof]   . cf}nf]sf] k|sf]k a9\b} uP/ wd{zfnf If]qdf cyf{t lzv/ s6]/Ldf klg cf}nf]sf] dxfdf/L eof]   . h;sf sf/0f lzv/ s6]/Lsf] a:tL lj:yflkt eO{ 8fF8f]sf] dflyNnf] efu cyf{t dWok'/ t];{]kfgL n]sdf a:tL a:g k'Uof]   . cf}nf] pGd"ng ePkl5 t];{]kfgL n]snfO{ 5f8]/ rFb' L /D3f a];Ldf a;f]af; ePsf] xf]   . efg'sf] hGd:yn lzv/ s6]/L If]qdf dflg;x?sf] a;f]af; gePsf] emG8} 8]9 ;o jif{ eO;s]sf] 5 . lzv/ s6]/L If]q cfhef]ln k"/} jg h+unn] 9fs]sf] 5 . clxn] efg' lzv/ s6]/L j[xt u'?of]hgfn] efg'eQmsf] hGd:ynsf] ;+/If0fsf sfdx? qmlds?kdf yfn]sf] 5 . k'/ftflTjs dxTjsf] efg'eQmsf] lzv/ s6]/Lsf] eUgfjz]if 3/sf] :j?k x/fpg glbg 6«:6 agfP/ ;+/If0f ul/Psf] 5 . efg'eQmsf] hGd:ynnfO{ ;flxlTos ko{6sLo :ynsf ?kdf ljsf; ug{ klZrdf~rn ljsf; d~r, efg' lzv/ s6]/L j[xt u'?of]hgf / :yfgLo afl;Gbf nfu]sf 5g\ . cflbslj efg'eQm cfrfo{ b]zdf dfq} xf]Og, ljb]zdf ;d]t kl/lrt 5g\ . /fdfo0fnfO{ g]kfnL efiffdf cg'jfb u/]/ Voflt sdfPsf oL /fli6«o lje"lt o'uo'u;Dd afFlr/x]sf 5g\ . efg' wg~ho cfrfo{ / wdf{jtL b]jLsf Ps dfq ;Gtfg / kl08t >Ls[i0f cfrfo{sf gflt lyP . >Ls[i0f cfrfo{sf 5 efO 5f]/fdWo] wg~ho h]7f lyP . wg~ho kfNkf txl;nsf xflsd v/bf/ lyP . wg~hosf] w]/} jif{;Dd ;Gtfg gePsfn] ;Gtfg k|flKtsf nflu pgn] !) jif{ ;"o{sf] pkf;gf u/]kl5 $) jif{sf] pd]/df wg~honfO{ k'q k|fKt ePsf] lyof]  . @( c;f/ !*&! df hlGdPsf / ^ c;f]h !(@% df d[To'j/0f u/]sf efg'eQmn] cfˆgf] %$ jif{sf] hLjg cjlwdf /fdfo0f, eQmdfnf, k|Zgf]Q/, aw"lzIff, /fduLtf / # bh{geGbf a9L km'6s/ sljtf l;h{gf u/]/ g]kfnL ;flxTosf] hu alnof] agfPsf 5g . t/ klg efg'sf] of]ubfgnfO{ k|:t't ug{] s[ltrflxF /fdfo0f dxfsfJo g} xf]  . pgsf eQmdfnf / aw"lzIff df}lns s[lt x'g eg] c? cg"lbt s[lt x'g\ . efg'eQmsf] nueu # bzssf] sljtf ofqfdf pgn] Pp6f dxfsfJo, $ j6f sfJo / # bh{geGbf a9L km'6s/ sljtf l;h{gf u/]/ tTsfnLg cj:yfdf g]kfnL ;flxTosf] ;[hg k/Dk/fnfO{ pj{/ / ;d[4 agfPsf] kfOG5 . 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lj=;+= !((& ;fn h] i7 !% ut] 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/ kflnsf j8f g+= !* dl;gfdf lktf ltns/ fd pkfWofo kf} 8] n / dftf lrqs'df/ L b] jLsf] sf] vdf lgDgdWodjuL{o kl/ jf/ df hGdg'ePsf aof] j[4 ;flxTosf/ lul/ / fh zdf{ bfªsf] z} lIfs ;] jf, ;flxTosnf / jfd cfGbf] ngsf] Oltxf;df ckl/ lrt gfd xf] Og . cfwf bh{g a9L ;flxl|Tos s[lt, Ps bh{g a9L k'/ : sf/ / ;Ddfg tyf s} of} f ;ª\3 ;+: yfx¿df cfa4tfsf] Oltxf; agfpg'ePsf zdf{ ut @@ ut] a'waf/ s] xL la;~rf] cj: yfdf x'g'x'GYof]  . lzIf0f k] zf, snf, ;flxTodf cfa4tf / jfd cfGbf] ngl;t ;DalGwt w] / } cg'jsf vhfgf af] Sg'ePsf lul/ / fh zdf{n] s] xL c: j: y cj: yfdf klg cg'ej, cg'e"lt / eljiosf ljifodf efj's z} nLdf cfk\mgf ljrf/ x¿ / fVg'eof]  . cfhef] ln kTgL kfj{tf kf} 8] nsf] ljof] usf] kL8f v] lk/ xg'ePsf lul/ / fh zdf{ cfhsf] sDo'lgi6 cfGbf] ngsf] tl: j/ b] v] / klg cToGt lrlGtt ePsf] atfpg'x'G5 . cfkm"eGbf tnsf ;fyLx¿nfO{ cToGt : g] xsf ;fy ddtfsf xft km} nfpg] aof] j[4 ;flxTosf/ zdf{ Ps lgisnª\s, x08/ –7Ss/ vfPsf] / b'Mv a'em] sf] JolQmTj klg x'g'x'G5 . k|: t't 5– pxfF;Fu ul/ Psf s'/ fsfgLsf] ;f/ ;+If] k . – ;Dkfbs tkfO“nfO{ lxhf] sf lbg / \ cfhsf lbgx¿sf] t'ngf ubf{ s: tf] nfUb5 < lxhf] sf lbgdf ljrf/ ldNg] ;fyLx¿l;tsf] ;DaGw / dfofk|] d cToGt ulx/ f] x'GYof]  . juL{o ldqtf hlt k|uf9 ldqtf c¿ gftfuf] tfsf] ldqtf x'Fb} gYof]  . e"ldut sfndf g] tfx¿af6 uf] Ko¿kdf k|lzIf0f lnOGYof]   . g] tfx¿nfO{ e] 6\g ufx|f] lyPg . ef/ tdf klg jgf/ ;df k9\g a: bf ef/ tsf 7"nf–7"nf g] tfx¿l;t ;lhn} e] 6 x'GYof]  . nvgfp uPsf] a] nfdf s= / d] z l;Gxfl;t e] 6 eof]  . pxfFsf] ;/ n hLjg, ljåtf, ldng;fl/ tf / k|v/ tf bv] / d lgs} k|efljt ePsf] lyPF . dnfO{ nfUb5 cfh klg ef/ tsf sDo'lgi6 g] tfx¿df Tolt t8se8s 5} g xf] nf . g] kfnsf g] tfx¿df klg jgf/ ;df a: bf s= k'iknfnl;t ;ª\ut ul/ of]  . pxfFsf] ldhf;, Jojxf/ , cWoog / ts{ ug] { Ifdtfaf6 d lgs} k|efljt ePsf] lyPF . t/ pxfF rfF8} laTg'eof]  . pxfFn] g] kfnL sDo'lgi6 cfGbf] ngdf w] / } b'Mv ug'{ePsf] lyof]   . c3f{vfFrLsf] kfnLdf lzIfs eP/ a: bf df] bgfy k|l>t;Fu ;DaGw eof]  . ljrf/ df sfª\u|] ; eP klg 9'08L/ fh zf: qL dnfO{ / fd|f] nfUbYof]   . e"ldutsfndf d} n] w] / } g] tfx¿nfO{ ;] N6/ lbPsf] lyPF . e/ tdl0f uf} td, lji0f' vgfn, efujt b] jsf] 6fnufot xfdL of] ª\u sDo'lgi6 lnudf ;ª\ul7t ePsf] a] nfdf s= lgd{n nfdf, s= df] xgljqmd l;+x bfªdf cfpg yfNg'ePsf] lyof]   . xfd|f] a} 7s dfl0fsnfn uf} td / s] zj/ fh uf} tdsf] 3/ df x'GYof]  . nfdfhL / l;s x'g'x'GYof]  . df] xgljqmd sd af] Ng] / n] vk9 ul/ / xg] ug'{x'GYof]   . rqmaxfb'/ a'9fyf] sL, gGbnfn uf} td, e/ tdl0f nufotsf ;fyLx¿;Fu lxF8] / tf}lnxjf uPsf lyof} F . To;df df] xgljqmd klg x'g'x'GYof]  . o: tf s'/ fx¿ ;lDemFbf t w] / } 5g\ . dnfO{ cfhef] ln tL k'/ fgf s'/ f ;lDemFbf ;kgfh: tf] nfUb5 . Tof] ju{k|] d, Tof] ldqtf, Tof] Pstf Û clxn] s: tf] nfUb5 < clxn] sDo'lgi6 cfGbf] ngdf 5f8fkg w] / } eof]   . l;4fGt Psflt/ , Jojxf/ csf] {lt/ 5 . sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf g] tfx¿ k"FhLjfbL kf6L{sf g] tfx¿eGbf w] / } kbnf] n'k b] lvG5g\ . cfkm"x¿ dfq ablnPsf 5g\ . ltgLx¿sf] pkNnf] ju{df kbf] Gglt ePsf] 5 . t/ hgtfsf] em'k8Ldf aQL an] g . ul/ a b'MvLsf] lbg cfPg . sDo'lgi6 cfGbf] ngdf nfu] sf ;a} g] tf, sfo{stf{ lalu|P eg] sf] xf] Og . cem} ljleGg kf6L{df / fd|f, OdfGbf/ / lgi7fjfg\ JolQmx¿ 5g\ . t/ ltgLx¿sf] s] xL rNb} g . dnfO{ sltko g] tfk|lt t 3[0ff g} nfUb5 . ha 3[0ff hfUof] eg] hfUof] , hfUof] d] / f] dg kms{Gg . cfk\mgf] dfq b'gf] ;f] ‰ofpg] klg sxLF sDo'lgi6 rl/ q xf] < hLjgsf ;a} eGbf ;'v / b'Mvsf ;Demgfnfos 36gfx¿ klg 5g\ ls < d} n] ;'veGbf b'Mvsf lbg w] / } latfPF . d tLg jif{sf] x'Fbf cfdf laTg'eof]  . cf7 jif{sf] x'Fbf a'af laTg'eof]  . d afn 6'x'/ f] ePF . To;kl5 d lbbL–legfh'sf] cf>odf / xg'k¥of]   . legfh' df] xg/ fh uf} td lgs} ?vf] / v/ f] ldhf;sf x'g'x'GYof]  . d legfh'sf] k|tf8gfdf vKg g;s] / efu] sf] lyPF . e/ tk'/ cfP/ efGhbfO 3gZofd vgfnHo"sf] cleefjsTjdf k9fO cufl8 a9fPF . 3gZofd bfh'sf] ;+/ If0fdf / xFbf dnfO{ ;'vb gofF hLjgdf k|j] z u/ ] sf] cg'e"lt eof]   . To;kl5 d gf/ fo0f u'?, dfl0fsnfn cflbsf] ;ª\utn] jfdkGyL cfGbf] ngdf tflgPF . kl5 lzj/ fh uf} td, g] qnfn cefuL cflb ;fyLx¿l;t klg ;ª\ut eof]  . lj=;+= @)!% sf] lgjf{rgdf d jfdkGyL pDd] bjf/ 5ljnfn rf} w/ Lsf] Ph] G6 a;] sf] lyPF . klqsfsf] ;fgf] cGtjf{tf{df ;a} s'/ f atfpg ;lsGg . d] / f] Pp6f ‘;Demgfdf d] / f] ctLt’ gfds ;+: d/ 0ffTds k': ts k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . ;a} s'/ fx¿ To;df 5g\ . d] / f] hLjgdf w] / } ;'v / w] / } b'Mv dfg] sf ;Demgfof] Uo 36gfx¿ 5} gg\ . g] kfndf jfd cfGbf] ngsf] nx/ cfpFbf sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] g] t[Tjdf ;/ sf/ aGbf v';L ePF, cfzfjfbL klg ePF . ca s] xL x'G5 ls, jfdkGyL sfo{qmd cfpF5 ls eGg] nfUof]  . kl5 ltgLx¿sf] Jojxf/ /

rlt{snf b] v] / lbSbf/ ePF . cfk\mgf ;xkf7L ;fyLx¿sf] cfk\mgf cufl8 d[To' x'Fbf w] / } b'Mv dx;'; x'Fbf] / x] 5 . csf] { s'/ f cfkm"n] cfzf, e/ f] ;f, ljZjf; u/ ] sf sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf g] tfx¿ a'9] ;sfndf ;+;bLo ;'ljwfdf 8'a] sf] , cfk\mgf] ju{w/ ftnsf ;fyL{x¿nfO{ la;] {sf] , ;Demf} tfjfbL ePsf] / lau|] sf] b] Vbf klg cToGt b'Mv nfUbf] / x] 5 . clxn] dnfO{ kTgL kfj{tLsf] d[To'kZrft\ sf] Psn hLjg w] / } sl7g ePsf] 5 . dnfO{ g/ fd|f] 5} g, 5f] / f–a'xf/ L, gfltgfltgfn] dnfO{ clt / fd|f] dfof / : ofxf/ u5{g\ . gflt ;'af] w / d t Pp6} sf] 7fdf ;'Tb5f} F . p;n] dnfO{ 5f] 8\b} g . t/ klg kTgLljof] usf] kL8f si6s/ x'Fbf] / x] 5 . 5f] / L / ] vf zdf{ ;f+;b, dGqL x'“bf v';L x'g'ePg < ;fdfGo v';L ePF . of] k|0ffnLdf w] / } / fd|f] ug{ g;s] klg g/ fd|f] u/ ] sf] ;'Gg k/ ] g . d} n] k9fPsf : s'nx¿df klg ;xof] u u/ ] sf] yfxf kfPF . / fd|f] nfUof]  . ut h] i7 !% ut] d] / f] hGd lbgdf kmf] g u/ ] sL lyOg\ . o:t} ;'v–b'Mvsf aLrdf klg cfhef]ln s]xL ub}{ x'gx' G' 5 ls < ;'u/ , k|] ;/ sf] cf} iflw vfG5' . 3'F8f b'Vg] ;d: ofsf] sf/ 0f lxF8\8'n ug{ ;d: of 5 . klxn] h: tf] k9\g ;lsGg . zlgjf/ sf] sflGtk'/ dufP/ k9\5' . To;df ;flxlTos ljz] iffª\s x'G5, ToxL k9\5' . o'uaf] w lgoldt cfpF5, k9\5' . tkfOFx¿sf] j} rfl/ s n] vx¿ k9\5' . cem} g] kfndf sDo'lgi6 cfGbf] ngk|lt lrGtf ug] { ;fyLx¿ 5g\ eGg] nfUb5 . dnfO{ sDo'lgi6 cfGbf] ngsf] eljiok|lt cfzf / ljZjf; hfU5 . ;fyLx¿ e] 6 ug{ cfpFbf v';L nfU5 . c¿a] nf t k'/ fgf s'/ f ;lDemG5' . k'/ fgf ;'v–b'Mvsf s'/ fx¿ cufl8 cfpF5g\ . sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf g] tfx¿sf] uf] Ko k|lzIf0f ;fª\u7lgs uf] kgLotf, cf: yf, lgi7f / Tofuk"0f{ efjgfx¿ ;DemG5' . Tolt] nf afx'gx¿n] wf] tL km] / ] / eft vfg] rng lyof]   . gf/ fo0f u'?sf] g] t[Tjdf sk8f gkm'sfnLsg eft vfg] u/ ] / s} of} F unt ;fF: s[lts k/ Dk/ fsf la?4df h'w] sf lyof} F . Tolta] nfsf] ;dfhn] gf/ fo0f u'?nfO{ PSNofof] klg . t/ xfdL cufl8 a9] s} lyof} F . blntsf] 3/ df k"hf nufOlbg' klg ;fgf] ;fdflhs ljb|f] x lyPg . Tof] a] nf Tof] klg ul/ of]  . ?9LjfbLsf la?4df w] / } ;ª\3if{x¿ ePsf lyP . Tof] @))& ;fnsf] kl/ jt{gn] NofPsf] r] tgf klg lyof]   . c3f{vfFrLsf] kfnLdf k9fpFbf klg ;fdflhs kl/ jt{gsf w] / } sfdx¿ u/ ] sf lyof} F . log} –log} ctLtsf s'/ fx¿ lbdfudf cfpF5g\ . o: t} –o: t} df hLjgsf] pQ/ f4{sf knx¿ lat] sf 5g\ . slxn] sfxLF ctLtsf s'/ fx¿ jt{dfg ag] / pleG5g\ . k|: t'lt M zlzw/ e08f/ L

nIdLwf/f Hof]ltif s]Gb| Hof]= k+= 8f= e'jg]Zj/ a~hf8]    ;b:o– g]kfn Hof]ltif kl/ifb\ df]afOn M (*$&*$!@%! ef/t )(!–(!@%&^^&)&

t'nf -/f,/L,?,/],/f]   ,tf,tL,t",t]    _M

;xof]u, ;kmntf, nfe / dgf]/~hg k|fKt x'g ;Sg]5 .

ldy'g -sf,sL,s",3,ª,5,s]  ,sf] ,x_M

wg' -o]   ,of]   ,ef,eL,e",w,kmf,9f,e]   _M

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6f9fsf;“u cfTdLotf / glhssf;“u c;dembf/L /xg ;Sg]5 . kl5sf nflu ul/g] nufgLn] kmfObf lbg]5 .

ds/ -ef]   ,hf,hL,h",h]   ,hf],vf,vL,v",v]   ,vf]   ,uf,uL_M

cfkmGtx¿ ;xof]uL¿kdf b]vf kg{ ;Sg]5g\ .

k|oTg / d]xgt ubf{ sfo{df ;kmntf / nIf k|fKt x'g]5 .

l;+x -df,dL,d",d],df],6f,6L,6",6]   _M

s'De -u",u]   ,uf]   ,;,;L,;',;]   ,;f]   ,b_M

sGof -6f],k,kL,k",if,0f,7,k],kf]   _M

dLg -bL,b",y,em,~f,b]    ,bf]    ,rf,rL_M

a'l4n] nIf klxNofpg / Jofj;flos nfe ug{ ;lsg]5 . jf0fLsf] k|efjn] sfo{af6 ;kmntf / nfe lng ;lsg]5 .

cfdf lr;f] df ;'tL ltdLnfO{ tftf] Gofgf] df ;'tfO{ cd[t;/ L b"wkfg u/ fO{ d'vn] rkfPsf] cGg v'jfO{ l;sfof} + tf] t] af] nL af] Ng tft] tft] eGb} 3/ cfFugdf sfkL, lstfjsf] emf] nf lnO{ k'¥ofof} + : s"nsf] u] 6df .. em] Nb} udL{, jiff{t, hf8f] , clgb|f, ef] s b'Mv si6 k|f0feGbf Kof/ f 5f] / f5f] / L eGb} agfpg' 5 ;Gt'i6 oqtq C0f shf{lnO{ ;GtfgnfO{ k9fof} + df: 6/ l8u|L cem} k'u] g Toltn] ;GtltnfO{ ljb] z k7fpg] lkmqmL ..

g6fFl9P x'Fb} g efOaGw' / gftfs'6'Daaf6 lt/ : sf/ / utsf] gftf a'em\g ;s] df ;a} n] ug] {5g\ : jLsf/ xf] , ltd|f hlGdP 5f] / f5f] / L l;sfp ;gftg ;+: sf/ ;f+: sfl/ s lzIff kfP ltdLnfO{ ug] {5} gg\ cgfb/  ..

j[lZrs -tf]   ,gf,gL,g",g]   ,gf]   ,of,oL,o"_M

nugzLntf / ;]jfn] ;kmntf / wgnfe x'g ;Sg]5 .

efjL ;Gtltsf] gfddf sNkgf ub{5f} + 5f] / f 5f] / L 5f] / f jf 5f] / L hlGdG5 klxnf] ;Gtfg efUo x] / L x'Sof{of} + a9fof} + Kof/ f ;Gtfg lbof} + ;'kfRo cfxf/ f cfzf e/ f] zf ub{5f} + a'9] ;sfnsf] xf] xfd|f] ;xf/ f ..

5} g dftf lktf eGbf 7"nf] csf] { s'g} ulx/ f] gftf xf] , cfdf a'jfkl5 ;Ddfg u/ cfkm\gf] / fli6«otf dft[b] jf] ejM lkt[b] jf] ejM u'?b] jf] ejM eGb} ug{ l;s ;Ddfg dftflktf / u'?nfO{ gdg ub} { ..

j[if -O{,pm,P,cf] ,jf,lj,j",j] ,jf] _M

8fxf ug]{nfO{ sfd Jojxf/n] kf7 l;sfpg ;lsg]5 .

hft sd{, gfn5] bg, 5} 7L ul/ G5 P3f/ f} + lbgleq aGb5g\ ;Gtlt ljjfxkl5 kltkTgL c;n ldq cGt/ ;DaGwaf6 ;kmn agfpg' 5 u[x: y hLjg n] pm lhDd] jf/ L 3/ fo;L sfdsf] v'zL agfpm dg ..

lnof} + lktf;Fu c+z lal;{of} + efOaGw' gftfs'6'Da xf] , ca rflxb} g a+zLo xf8 / / utsf] k|ltljDa ;f] Wb} gf} + ;~rf] lj;~rf] , k'ugk'u cfly{s Jojxf/ 3/ d} lj/ fdL kbf{ klg x'Fb} g e] 63f6 cf} ifwf] krf/   ..

@)&(.)#.@% ut] zlgjf/ gIf]q– :jflt, ltly M cfiff9 z'Sn bzdL JolQmTjdf lgvf/ cfpg], kl/jf/hgsf] ;fy kfpg ;lsg] .

u xl/ k|;fb kf08] o

k"jL{o bz{gn] lgb] {z u/ ] sf] xfd|f] ;gftg ;+: sf/ dfGohgnfO{ 9f] u k|0ffd ub} { c?nfO{ u/ gd: sf/ eGb5 lxGb" wd{n] uef{wfg, k'+;jg, l;dGtf] Ggog ul/ G5 tLg ;+: sf/ uef{wfg cj: yf x'G5 pGgog ..

x's{b} a9\b} jo: s x'Fb} cfkm} vf] hL hLjg ;+lugL ca rflxb} gg\ a'9f cfdf a'jf 5f] l8b] pm k6f+lugL 5g\ ;;'/ fnLd} ltd|f dDdL afaf lbG5g\ lzIffbLIff ltd|f] hGdbftf cfdf–a'jf;Fu dfu c+zsf] leIff ..

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Jofj;flos nfe / ;fdflhs jr{:j k|fKt ug{ ;lsg]5 . ;fdfGo sfddf wg / kl/>d vr{ x'g ;Sg]5 .

;Demg' ltd|f] j+zLo xf8gftf x'Fb} g sbflk ljjfb slxNo} klg b'Mv gkfP lbG5f+} ltdLnfO{ cfzLjf{b k"jL{o bz{gn] lgb] {z u/ ] sf] xfd|f] ;gftg ;+: sf/ dfGohgnfO{ 9f] u k|0ffd ub} { c?nfO{ u/ gd: sf/  .. xl/ k|;fb kf08] o 3f] / fxL pkdxfgu/ kflnsf–!& u'nl/ of bfª .

ca csf]{ o'4 n8f}F ltdL g} xf} af¿b / aGb's k6\sfP/ / utsf] u08sL aufpFb} ;kgf vf] Hg o'4 d} bfgdf k/ ] 8 v] nfpg] cu'jf . ltd|f] Tof] ljWj+zsf/ L xft cfh zx/ sf] Pp6f cUnf] 3/ df cfˆg} cfª sGofO/ x] 5 . ltd|f cfl/ ifsf cfFvfx¿ lgofln/ x] 5g\ cfˆg} ;d[l4sf] / fhdfu{ .

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d] / f] efO / d] / L lbbLsf] alnbfg d] / L alxgLsf] anfTsf/ d] / L cfdfn] ltd|f] 8ˆkmfx¿nfO{ ;sL–g;sL v'jfpg' k/ ] sf] eftsf] d"No lbg' k5{ ls kb} {g ltdLn] < xfdLleqsf] hLjg / ; r';] / tL ;kgfx?df cfuf] nufO;s] sf 5f} lagfl;Psf 5g\ xfd|f eljio kmNg] hLjg af/ Lx¿ . ca ltdLn] g} pma{/ agfpg'k5{ xfdL cfF;', kl;gf / / utn] slt l;+rfO{ u/ f} + < d} n] klg kl/ jt{gsf] o'4 n8+] t/ lsg 7"nf–7"nf ejg ltd|f eP < xfdLx? lsg ltg} em'k|fdf 5f} + < df] 6/ sf/ ltdLn] kfof} d] / f] afn] cem} psfnLdf ef/ L lsg af] Sb} x'g'x'G5 < clxn] ltdL zf;s ag] / ;d[4 ;dfhsf] xNnf ul/ / x] 5f} t/ laxfg a] n'sL vfgsf] nflu d afn'jfdf rfdn vf] lh/ x] 5' d} n] d] / f] b] zsf] v';L kmsf{pg] cfzfdf n8] sf] lyPF . t/ olta] nf ltdLn] t b] zdf cfF;'sf d'xfgx¿ vGb} 5f}  . v} sxfF uof] ltd|f] : jfledfg < kl/ jt{g dfq ltd|f] lglDt eof]   kxf8sf cfF;'x¿ alu/ x] 5g\ t/ fO{sf b'Mvx¿ p: t} 5g\ zflGt kms] {/ cfOgg\, xfd|f] lglDt s] xL ePg b] zn] sfFr'nL km] / ] g d] / f] b] znfO{ aGbsL / fv] / , cfˆgf / x/ x¿ k"/ f u¥of} ltdLn]   To;} n] xfdL ufpF a: tL ;dfh / l;Ëf] b] z kl/ jt{gsf] nflu, d'lQmsf] nflu km] l/ Ps k6s ca xfdL csf] { o'4 n8\g tof/ 5f} + .


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/fp6] o'jtLdfly of}g b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{nfO{ ;ft jif{ s}b

pTs[i6 s[ifsnfO{ ;Ddfg t'n;Lk'/, @$ c;f/   . t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/kflnsfn] ls;fgx?nfO{ ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . kflnsfsf] kz' ;]jf zfvfn] Ps sfo{qmd cfof]hgf u/L ;Ddfg u/]sf] xf]   . k|To]s j8fsf Ps÷Pshgf kz'kfns ls;fgnfO{ ;DDffg ul/Psf] xf]   . cfly{s ;ldltsf ;+of]hs dfwj cf]nLsf] cWoIftf Pj+ gu/k|dv ' 6Lsf/fd v8\sfsf] k|dv ' cfltYotfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf k|dv ' cltly v8\sfn] cg'bfgsf gfddf

a]jfl/;]===== kms] {/ x]/]gg\ eg] c?n] klg ToxL l;sf] ug]{ g} eP . ;+3 / k|b]z ;/sf/n] gx]/] klg :yfgLo ;/sf/n] Jof/]snfO{ cfkm\gf] ;DklQsf ?kdf ;+/If0f ug{ ;SYof] t/ d'vn] l7Ss} kf/] klg :yfgLo ;/sf/ klg Jof/]s ;+/If0fdf a]va/ h:t} 5 . t/ ;qmfd Jof/]snfO{ qmflGt ;+ux| fno agfpg] of]hgf /x]sf] t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/ kflnsfsf k|dv ' 6Lsf/fd v8\sfn] atfpg'eof]   . o;sf] ;+/If0f / k|j4{gdf nfUg] vr{ :yfgLo ;/sf/sf] IfdtfeGbf dfly /x]sf] eGb} v8\sfn] ;+3 / k|b]z ;/sf/;“u ;dGjo u/]/ sfd ug]{ k|lta4tf

u}/ls;fgx?n] k|fKt ug]{ k|jl[ Q a9\bf]qmddf /x]sfn] To;nfO{ kflnsfsf] tkm{af6 cg'udgdf s8fO ub}{ lgoGq0f ul/g] atfpg'eof]   . pxf“n] ahf/sf] dfucg';f/ pTkfbgdf hf]8 lbg cfu|x ug'e { of]  . sfo{qmddf k|dv ' cltly v8\sfn] cTofw'lgs jwzfnf lgdf{0fsf nflu k|lqmof a9fOPsf] atfpg'eof]   . pkk|dv ' :ofgL rf}w/Ln] s[ifsx?nfO{ tflndsf] Joj:yfkg / ahf/Ls/0fdf ljz]if Wofg lbOg] atfpg'eof]   . k|dv ' k|zf;sLo clws[t hgfpg'eof]   . n'lDagL k|b]z ;/sf/n] Jof/]ssf] ;+/If0fsf nflu eGb} !) nfv ljlgof]hg u/]sf] / l8lkcf/ tof/ u/]sf] k|b]z ;/sf/n] hgfPsf] 5 . t/ lkmN8df Jof/]ssf ;+/rgf IftljIft cj:yfdf k'u]sf 5g\ . bfªsf] ;+qmfddf cjl:yt bL3{ :d[lt lau|]8 ;qmfd Aof/]ssf] dfq} xf]Og . kf“rf}+ l8lehg hgd'lQm ;]gf Aof/]s /f]Nkf bxjg / To;cGtu{t rf/ Aof/]s bL3{ :d[lt lau|]8 bfª, Hjf/:d[lt lau|]8 /f]Nkf ltnf, d+un;]g :d[lt lau|]8 p“3f, ;'lgn :d[lt lau|]8 v;{] /f]Nkf u/L kf“rj6f Aof/]s lyP . clxn] oL ;a} Aof/]ssf] cj:yf o:t} 5 .

df]xg kf}8]nn] ls;fgx?nfO{ cfj]bgsf cfwf/df geO{ klxrfgsf] cfwf/df cg'bfgsf] Joj:yf ubf{ jf:tljs ls;fg;dIf k'Ug] atfpg'eof]   . sfo{qmddf odaxfb'/ s'dfn, ;'nf]rgf 8f“uL, 6Lsf kf08], odaxfb'/ 3tL{ du/, asL 8f“uL, nIdL /fo, e]uk|;fb e08f/L, uf]df uf}td, ?lSd0ff s];L, /Tgaxfb'/ 8f“uL, 6]saxfb'/ ;'gf/, lbnaxfb'/ v8\sf, gf/fo0faxfb'/ v8\sf, bnaxfb'/ cf]nL, jf;'b]j /]UdL, ljdn rf}w/L, sljtf vqL, ljsf; s];L / nfn;/L v8\

sfnfO{ ;DDffg tyf k|To]snfO{ kf“r xhf/sf b/n] k'/:s[t ul/Psf] lyof]   . a+u/' , afv|f, ufO{, e}; + Lkfns ls;fgx?nfO{ k'/:s[t ul/Psf] xf]   . sfo{qmddf ;'zf;g ;ldltsf ;+of]hs wd{ cf]nL, j8f g+= ! sf cWoIf x'dsfGt ;fksf]6f, ls;fg s'nk|;fb e08f/Ln] dGtJo JoQm ug'e { Psf] lyof]  . kz' zfvfsf k|dv ' 8f= dgf]h cf]nLsf] :jfut dGtJoaf6 z'? ePsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;~rfng ;'jf; cfrfo{n] ug'e { Psf] lyof]   .

k'nn]====

z/ b / fgfn] eGg'eof] – …k'nn] ubf{ ko{6s tfGg yfNof]  . ca ufp“sf] ljsf; x'G5 ls .Ú emf] n'+u] k'nb] lv s] xL tn bf] ;|f] nfdf] kSsL k'n 5 . l;;xlgof–dxb] jf hf] 8\g] of] k'nn] klg ko{6s tfg] sf] 5 . emf] n'+u] / kSsL

;DkGg ePsf] xf]  . @)&& c;f/ @^ df k'n lgdf{0fsf] ;Demf}tf ePsf] lyof]   . of] c;f/ @# df k'n lgdf{0f ;DkGg ePsf] xf]   . /fKtL gbLdf clxn];Dd 5j6f emf]n'u+ ] k'n lgdf{0f eO;s]sf 5g\ . kSsL k'n gx'b“ f emf]n'u+ ] k'nn] cfjfudgdf ;xhtf yk]sf] lyof]   . a8\x/f, v'?l/of hf]8\g ag]sf] k'nn] ko{6g If]qnfO{ ;d]t kmfObf k'Ug] b]lvPsf] 5 . …k'n ;~rfngdf cfPsf] s]xL lbg dfq} ePsf] 5. clxn] gof“–gof“ dfG5] cfpg] , kmf] 6f] lvrfpg] sfd ul/ / x] sf 5g\Ú– : yfgLo

xfd|f] kx'r “ ax'p2]ZoLo ;xsf/L ;+:yf lnld6]8 t'n;Lk'/, bfª ;"rgf k|sflzt ldlt M @)&( c;f/ @% ut]

xfd|f] kx'r“ ax'p2]ZoLo ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= sf z]o/ ;b:ox?sf nflu ;"rgf Û g] kfn ;/ sf/ o'jf tyf v] ns'b dGqfno, o'jf tyf ;fgf Joja;foL : j/ f] huf/ sf] ifsf] ;lrjfno cgfdgu/ , sf7df08f} + / bfª lhNnf t'n;Lk'/ pkdxfgu/ kflnsf j8f g+= & l: yt xfd|f] kx'Fr ax'p2] ZoLo ;xsf/ L ;+: yf ln=sf aLrdf ldlt @)&( h] 7 @& ut] ePsf] ;Demf} tf adf] lhd o; ;+: yfsf z] o/ ;b: o dWo] af6 nlIft ;d'bfosf !* aif{b] lv ^) jif{;Ddsf JolQmx?nfO{ s[lif, kz'hGo, ;fgf tyf ;] jfd"ns Joj;fo ;~rfng u/ L cfocfh{gdf a[l4 / : j/ f] huf/ L ;[hgf u/ L hLljsf] kfh{g ;xh agfpg ;'ne shf{ nufgL ug{ nfluPsf] n] OR5's ;b: on] tkl;n adf] lhdsf zt{ k"/ f ug] { u/ L ;+: yfsf] d'Vo sfof{no jf ;+: yfsf] ;] jfs] Gb| b"w/ f;df of] ;"rgf k|sflzt ePsf] ldltn] & lbgleq b/ vf: t lbg'x'g cg'/ f] w 5 . tkl;n !_ b/ vf: t lbg] JolQmx? o; ;+: yfsf] z] o/ ;b: o ag] sf] ltg dlxgf -()_ lbg k'u] sf] / ;+: yf4f/ f ul7t n3'ljQ ;d"xsf] ;b: o ePsf] x'g' kg] {5 . @_ shf{ nufgL * k|ltzt Jofhb/ df clwstd @ nfv;Dd x'g] 5 . shf{ # jif{leq r'Qmf ug'{ kg] {5 . lgoldt ls: tf / Jofh e'QmfgL lbg] ;b: osf] ^) k|ltzt Jofh cg'bfgsf] ?kdf lkmtf{ x'g] 5 . #_ shf{ nufgL k|fyldstfsf If] q s[lif pTkfbg, b"w, df;', kmnkm"n, n3' pBf] u / ;] jf Joj;fox? / xg] 5g\ . $_ a} b] lzs / f] huf/ Laf6 kms] {sf jf kl/ jf/ sf ;b: onfO{ k|fyldstfdf / flvg] 5 . %_ tf]lsPsf] ;doleq k/]sf cfa]bgx? dWo]af6 dfq 5gf}6 u/L 5gf}6df k/]sf ;b:onfO{ shf{ nufgL ul/g]5 . ^_ shf{ dfu ug] { ;b: osf] p2] Zo cfo cfh{g u/ L : jf/ f] huf/ aGg] x'g' kg] {5 . &_ o; cl3 : j/ f] huf/ sf] ifsf] shf{ pkof] u u/ ] sf ;b: onfO{ k'gM of] shf{ nufgL x'g] 5} g .

k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t

lzIfs cfjZostf bf];|f]k6s lj1fkg k|sflzt ldlt M @)&(.)#.@) ndxL gu/ kflnsf cGtu{t ;~rflnt o; >L lvdaxfb'/ zfx dfWolds ljBfno sf] nxLnfO{ ;+3Lo cg'bft cGtu{t tn pNn] lvt ljj/ 0fdf lzIfssf] cfjZostf k/ ] sf] x'Fbf lgodfg';f/ of] Uotf k'u] sf OR5's g] kfnL gful/ saf6 / Ltk"j{ssf] b/ vf: t cfx\jfg ul/ G5 . lj1fkg g+= !–@)&*÷)&( kb M lzIfs ljifo M lj1fg tx M dfWolds -;+3Lo cg'bfg sf]6f_ ;+Vof M ! ;]jfsf] k|sf/ M s/f/ pd]/ M !* jif{ k"/f eO{ $) jif{ ggf3]sf] Go"gtd z}lIfs of]Uotf M ;DalGwt ljifodf :gfts jf ;f] ;/x pQL0f{ tnj ;'ljwf M ;+3Lo ;/sf/sf] cg'bfg cg';f/ b/vf:t lbg] clGtd ldlt M @)&(.)#.@^ -sfof{no ;do_ b/vf:t b:t'/ M !%)).– k/LIffsf] lsl;d M lnlvt, cGtjf{tf{ / k|of]ufTds ;Dks{ ldlt M @)&(.)#.@* k/LIff ldlt M ;Dks{ ldltdf tf]lsg]5 . ;Dks{ g+= (*$&*(^@^# b/vf:t ;fy k]z ug'k{ g]{ sfuhftx? M x:tlnlvt lgj]bg, z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] k|df0fkqsf k|ltlnlkx?, :yfoL cWofkg cg'dltkqsf] k|ltlnlk, g]kfnL gful/stfsf] k|ltlnlk . cg'ejL / dflyNnf] of]UotfnfO ljz]if u|fx\otf lbOg]5 .

k|wfgfWofks

>L lvdaxfb'/ zfx dfWolds ljBfno sf]nxL ndxL–% sf]nxL -sf]Onfaf; /f]8_ b]pv'/L, bfª

afaf art tyf C0f ;xsf/L ;+:yf ln= t'n;Lk'/–%, bfª lx;fa÷df]6/;fOsn a'em\g÷a'emfpg cfpg] ;"rgf Û

o; ;xsf/ L ;+: yfsf] kl/ R5] b– $ sf] %=!)=!=^ cg';f/ ls: tf÷efvf gf3] sf df] 6/ ;fOsnx? tkl;nsf shf{ ;b: ox?af6 lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] x'Fbf lx;fj÷df] 6;fOsn a'emg÷a'emfpg !% -kGw|_ lbg] ;"rgf hf/ L ul/ Psf] 5 . cGoyf ;+: yfsf] lg0f{o cg';f/ lnnfd jf csf] { Joj: yf u/ L shf{ / ;f] c;'n ubf{ nfUg] vr{ ;d] t c;'n ug{] / kl5 xs, ef] s, bflj / ph'/ afh'/ ug{ gkfOg] Joxf] / f ;"rgfdfkm{t hfgsf/ L u/ fOG5 . qm= ;+= ! @ #

C0fL ;b:osf] gfd gljg ;'j]bL b]k]Gb| vqL lbuDa/ lu/L

7]ufgf aaO{–% bfª dUdf– ! ?s'd 8fF8fufFp– ( ;Nofg

dgf]/f]u tyf gzf /f]u ljz]if1 8f= lagf]b kf}8n ] ca cleif]s d]l8sn :6f];,{ 3f]/fxLdf e/tk'/ d]l8sn sn]hdf sfo{/t clt cg'ejL jl/i7 dfgl;s tyf gzf /f]u ljz]if1 8f= lagf]b kf}8]nåf/f r]shfFr ul/g] x'Fbf ;dod} cfkm\gf] gfd btf{ u/fO{ k'/fgf] eGbf k'/fgf] /f]usf] ;kmn pkrf/ u/fpg'xf];\ . 8fS6/åf/f lbOg] ;]jfx? M !_ lgb|f gnfUg], cw{skfnL, dfOu|]g, 6fpsf] / z/L/ b'Vg], kf]Ng], lzNsf xfGg] / emdemdfpg] @_ dg cflQg], pbf; x'g], 56k6L nfUg], ;f; km]g{ ufx|f] x'g], d'6' w8lsg], l/+uf6f nfUg], 3fF6Ldf s]xL c8\s]sf] nfUg], hf]z–hfFu/ gnfUg] / ysfO nfUg] #_ hfF8, /S;L, ;'tL{, ufFhf, r'/f]6 nfu' cf}ifw 5'6fpg] $_ ;]S; k|lt c?lr %_ sfDg], a]xf]z x'g], 8/fpg], sdhf]/L nfUg], z+sf ug]{, aa{/fpg], l/;fpg], emf]+lSsg], kfunkg / Psf]xf]/f]kg ^_ 5f/], lduL{, l8k|]zg, P+uhfo6L / cNhfOd/ &_ tgfj, lrGtf, rfF8} la;{g] afgL / ;a} vfn] lbdfu / gzf ;DaGwL /f]usf] ;kmn pkrf/ . la/fdL hf“r x'g] ldlt M @)&( c;f/ @% ut], zlgjf/, laxfg !) ah] b]lv a]n'sf % ah];Dd ;fy} oxL @)&( ;fpg & ut], zlgjf/ jl/i7 5fnf, of}g tyf :sLg n]h/ ;h{g ljz]if1 8f= ;lGbk yfkfaf6 d';f, sf]7L / 6\of6" x6fpg] / ;Dk"0f{ 5fnf tyf of}g /f]u;DaGwL hfFr ul/g]5 . k'gZr M ;'u/, k|];/, yfO/fO8, 5ftL, d'6', k]6 / gzf /f]u ljz]if1 8f= k|sfz ;'j]bL / 8f= ;+ud l8=;L= åf/f b}lgs hfFr ul/G5 . ;dod} ;Dks{ u/L cfkm\gf] k'/fgf]eGbf klg k'/fgf] /f]usf] ;kmn pkrf/ u/fpg'xf];\ .

kmf]gaf6 klg gfd btf{ ul/G5 .

efvf ldlt

dlg/fd ;'j]bL b]pbQ vqL df]t' lu/L

@)&(.)*.)& @)*).!.!# @)&(.)!@.@!

ldlt @)&(.)#.@% ut] 3f] / fxL ljt/ 0f s] Gb| cGtu{t gf/ fo0fk'/ lkm8/ df kg] { ;] jf/ vf] nfb] lv klZrd gf/ fo0fk'/ ahf/ Pl/ of x'Fb} klZrdlt/ ljtl/ t ;Dk"0f{ Pl/ ofdf nfOg dd{t ;'wf/ sfo{ ug'{kg] { ePsf] x'Fbf laxfg !)M)) ah] b] lv a] n'sf $M)) ah] ;Dd ljB't ;] jf aGb x'g] s'/ f ;Dk"0f{ u|fxsju{df hfgsf/ L u/ fOG5 . ;do cjlweGbf cufl8 sfo{ ;DkGg ePdf h'g;'s} ;dodf nfOg ;~rfng x'g ;Sg] 5 . o;af6 u|fxsju{df kg{ hfg] c;'ljwfk|lt g] =lj=k|f= 3f] / fxL ljt/ 0f s] Gb| Ifdfk|fyL{ 5 .

k|d'v k|zf;sLo clws[t

3f]/fxL–!$ -k'/fgf] a;kfs{ ;efu[xglhs}_ kmf]gM )*@–%^$@@@, )*@–%^$@@# PDa'n]G;sf] nfluM (*$&*!&&&%, (*%&*^!%!%

afh]sf] gfd

;"rgf Û ;"rgf ÛÛ ;"rgf ÛÛÛ

k|yd k6s k|sflzt ldlt M @)&(.)#.@% ut] o; sfof{nosf] gfddf btf{ ePsf] /f ! a *(@ g+= sf] ahfh sDkgLsf] kN;/ !%) ;L;Lsf] sfnf] ÷/ ftf] / +usf] df] 6/ ;fOsn ldlt @)&(.)#.@@ ut]sf lbg 3f]/ fxL pkdxfgu/ kflnsf j8f g+= !% e/tk'/ pGgltgu/ 6f]ndf /x]sf] ufpFkflnsfn] :6f]/ k|of] hgsf] nflu ef8fdf lnPsf] 3/ jflx/ kfls{ª u/ L /fv] sf] cj:yfdf a]n'sf &M#) jh]b]lv ;f] df]6/;fOsn ;f] xL : yfgjf6 x/fPsf] x'Fbf sxL+ st} pQm df]6/;fOsn km]nf k/]df o; sfof{nodf jf glhssf] k|x/ L sfof{nodf j'emfO{lbg' x'g hfgsf/ Lsf] nflu ;"rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] Joxf]/f cg'/ f] w 5 .

ufoqL g]zgn xl:k6n k|f=ln=

lktf jf kltsf] gfd /f]d nfn ;'j]bL v'De' vqL 6]s axfb'/ lu/L

cWoIf

;jf/L ;fwg x/fPsf] ;"rgf Û

lj:t[t hfgsf/Lsf nflu

k'nn] / fKtL ufp“kflnsfdf ko{6s leœofpg d2t ug{] b] lvPsf] 5 . k'n x] g{ lelqg] ko{6snfO{ dWogh/ ub{} ko{6g k"jf{wf/ df nufgL nufpg] , ;fj{hlgs zf} rfno, vfg] kfgL h: tf ;'ljwfx? yKg'kg{] b] lvG5 .

)*@–%@@*&), (*%&@@!&&

sld/]rf}/, bfª n'lDagL k|b]z, g]kfn

8f= k|sfz ;'j] bLåf/ f lbOg] ;] jfx?M bdsf] / f] u, Ifo/ f] u, lgdf] lgof, ;f; km] g{ ufx|f] x'g] , 6fpsf] sf] ;d: of, d'6', sn] hf] sf] ;d: of, ;'u/ k|] ;/ sf] ;d: of, d[uf} nf lk;fa;DaGwL ;d: of, yfO/ fO8;DaGwL ;d: of, k] 6;DaGwL ;d: ofsf] r] shfFr tyf pkrf/   . 8f= /fhLj 9sfnåf/ f lbOg] ;] jfx?M xfO8«f]l;n, xlg{of, Pk]l08S;, lkQ y}lnsf] kTy/L, z/L/df ufF7fu'7L knfPsf], :tg ;'lGgPsf], :tgdf lkk hd]sf], :tgsf] ufF7fu'7L, z/L/sf] rf]6k6s ;fy} lkQ y}nLsf] kTy/L / Pk]l08S;sf] b'lj{g ljlwaf6 r]shfFr tyf ck|]zg .

;'v]t{ , @$ c;f/   . /fp6] ;d'bfosL Ps o'jtLnfO{ of}g b'Jo{jxf/ u/]sf] cleof]udf b'Oh { gfnfO{ cbfntn] ;ft jif{ s}b / hgxL b'O{ nfv hl/jfgf ug]{ km};nf u/]sf] 5 . laxLaf/ ;'v]t{ lhNnf cbfntsf GofofwLz 8f= /fh]Gb|sd' f/ cfrfo{sf] Ohnf;n] /fp6] o'jtLdfly of}g b'Jo{jxf/ ug]{ rf}dg 3tL{ du/ / e'k]Gb| a'9f du/nfO{ ;ft÷;ft jif{ s}b / hgxL b'O{ nfv ?k}of“ hl/jfgf tf]s]sf]

gf]6 M df]6/;fOsn shf{ lnPsf ;b:ox?n] ltg eGbfa9L ls:tf ltg]{ / cGoyf ;Demf}tf / lgodfg';f/ x'g] hfgsf/L u/fOG5 .

a+unfr'nL ufp“kflnsf ufp“ sfo{kflnsfsf] sfof{no

sG;N6]G6 lkmlhl;og 8f= k|sfz ;'j]bL / hg/n ;h{g 8f= /fhLj 9sfnåf/f b}lgs?kdf la/fdLsf] r]shf“r tyf ;kmn pkrf/ ufoqL g]zgn xl:k6n k|f=ln=df

o'uaf]w ;dfrf/bftf

cleif]s d]l8sn :6f];{

sM{ ;Dk 3f]/fxL– !% afndlGb/ rf]s -afndlGb/sf] ;fd'Gg]_ kmf]g g+= (*$&(%&!(#, (*!@**()@*

g]kfn ljB't k|fljw/0f

lhNnf cbfnt ;'v]t{ sf ;"rgf clwsf/L pHjn /fjnn] hfgsf/L lbg'eof]   . o'jtLdfly of}g b'Jo{jxf/ ul/Psf] xf]6nsf ;~rfns dgaxfb'/ k'gnfO{ tLg jif{ 5 dlxgf s}b / Ps nfv ?k}of“ hl/jfgf tf]lsPsf] 5 . xf]6n ;~rfns k'gn] s}b;“u} Ps nfv ?k}of“ hl/jfgf;lxt rf/ xhf/ ?k}of“ kLl8t /fxt sf]ifdf hDdf ug{k' g]5 { . h]n ;hfo / hl/jfgf tf]lsPsf tLg}hgfnfO{ @)&* c;f/ !^ ut] k'kI{ fsf nflu sf/fuf/ rnfg ul/Psf] lyof]   .

gofF o'uafw] /fli6«o b}lgs vfh] L vfh] L k9f.+}

3f]/fxL vfg]kfgLsf] lgjf{rg cfh o'uaf] w ;dfrf/ bftf 3f]/fxL, @$ c;f/   . 3f]/fxL vfg]kfgL pkef]Qmf tyf ;/;kmfO ;+:yfsf] lgjf{rg cfh zlgaf/ x'b“ }5 . gof“ g]t[Tjsf nflu b'Oj{ 6f Kofgn r'gfjL k|lt:kwf{df 5g\ . Pp6f ;d"xsf] g]t[Tj jt{dfg cWoIf b]jLaxfb'/ l8;L / csf]{ ;d"xsf] g]t[Tj gf/fo0fk|;fb e';fnn] ug'e { Psf] 5 . laxfg * ah] b] lv a] n'sL % ah] ;Dd dtbfg x'g] lgjf{rg ;ldltn] hgfPsf] 5 . g] kfnL sf+u|] ;, g] skf dfcf] jfbL, g]skf P; / / fli6«o hgdf] rf{ ;dGjo ;ldltsf] u7aGwg Kofgnaf6 ;+: yfsf jt{dfg cWoIf b] jLaxfb'/ l8;L / g] skf Pdfn] , / fk|kf / / fli6«o hgdf] rf{sf] ;+o'Qm

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