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www.wfmmedia.com Volume 5 | Issue 5 | ` 150 May - June 2019

NEW AGE DOORS & WINDOWS For Energy Conservation & Indoor Comfort Doors & Windows

Improved Acoustics & Thermal Comfort through Effective Fenestration

Face to Face

AR. RAHUL KUMAR Principal Architect, Rajinder Kumar & Associates (RKA)

Door Design Trends Door Types, Glazing, Hardware, Installation, Safety, Fire Doors

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Volume 5 | Issue 5 May - June 2019 PUBLISHED BY F & F Media and Publications C-55, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase - 1, New Delhi-110 020 T: +91-11-40623356 CO-FOUNDERS Syed Ahad Ahmed Amit Malhotra TECHNICAL PANEL Mahesh Arumugam Director Meinhardt Façade Consultants KR Suresh Regional Director  xis Façade Consulting A EDITORIAL  enu Rajaram R renu@wfm.co.in +91 9312864830 Shefali Bisht shefali@wfm.co.in DESIGN & CONCEPT BY Prashant Kumar MARKETING & OPERATIONS Kapil Girotra kapil@wfm.co.in +91 9560925255 SUBSCRIPTION & CIRCULATION Richa Parmar support@wfm.co.in +91 9871151112 Mukesh Kumar mukesh@wfm.co.in +91 9560088995 RNI: DELENG/2014/57870





The World of Doors Ashutosh Jha, Studio & Technical Director, Gensler, Bangalore


Balcony Doors Ar. Vakul Arora, Manager - Architectural Advisory Services, Deceuninck


Types of Glazing and Energy Conservation Tulsi Ram Modi, Managing Director, Riddhi Siddhi Innovations (India)


Key Elements to Consider while Selecting Hardware for Doors Jignasa Suthar, Product Manager, McCoy Soudal Sealants, Adhesives & Foams Pvt. Ltd.


Industrial Doors & Automated Rolling Shutters Kartik Gandhi, Director, Gandhi Automations


Using Fire Doors to Maintain Fire Safety Abhishek Chhabra, Business Development Manager, Thomas BellWright International Consultants, UAE


Perfect Installation: A Key to High Performance of uPVC Windows - An Initiation by UWDMA Shobhita Mishra, Designation - Senior Expert, UWDMA Education Programme


Protection Against Noise Pollution with Sound Insulated Windows Farid Khan, Director and CEO, profine India Window Technology Pvt. Ltd.


Keep Your House Thermally Insulated by Choosing Best Fenestration Solutions Manish Bansal, Director & CEO, Window Magic


Improved Acoustics & Thermal Comfort through Effective Fenestration Abhinav Gaind, Partner, Mixx Windows


Face to Face Interview with AR. Rahul Kumar, Principal Architect, Rajinder Kumar & Associates (RKA)


Industry Speaks Interview: Nandha Kumar T, Director, Prominance Window Systems

Cover image courtesy: Shutterstock.com

DISCLAIMER: With regret we wish to say that publishers cannot be held responsible or liable for error or omission contained in this publication. The opinions and views contained in this publication are not necessarily those of the publishers. Readers are advised to seek expert advice before acting on any information contained in this publication which are very generic in nature. The Magazine does not accept responsibility for the accuracy of claims made by advertisers. The ownership of trademarks is acknowledged. No part of this publication or any part of the contents thereof may be reproduced in any form or context without the permission of publishers in writing. WRITE TO THE EDITOR Please address your suggestions to: The Editor, Window & Façade Magazine, C55, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase – 1, New Delhi, 110020 or email renu@wfm.co.in. Please provide your full name and address, stating clearly if you do not wish us to print them. Alternatively log on to www. wfm.co.in and air your views. The opinions expressed in this section are of particular individuals and are in no way a reflection of the publisher’s views. “Printed and Published by Amit Malhotra on behalf of M/s F & F Media and Publications Printed and published at EIH Limited - Unit Printing Press, Manesar, Haryana-122050. Name of the Editor-Ms. Renu Rajaram”






Designing and implementing the right door requires a lot of effort. Conversations with designers reveal that the doors are responsible for setting the right tone before entering a room. We can further understand why door design should not be overlooked as part of the wider design scheme. Door technology is improving and with it comes a broader scope of colours, sizes, finishes and styles to suit the need of projects and contribute towards providing a more productive and safer environment for occupants. Selection of doors and windows have become more overwhelming, given all the styles, materials, and features that are available to choose from. Since windows and doors are a major part of the investment in any project and they are expected to last over 20 years, doing some homework before making a decision can save on headaches later on. New installations may also change the appearance and feel of your home or office both inside and out. In any renovation project, replacing doors and windows with energy efficient, double or triple pane windows is important, since they can significantly reduce your cooling and heating bills while adding value and curb appeal to your home or office. But how to select the right kind of windows and doors? What are the right installation procedures? Are the procedures followed correctly? All these factors affect the quality of performance of the installed fenestration. This edition of the magazine is all about the right designs and proper installation technics of doors and windows in order to provide utmost visual, acoustic and thermal comfort within a building. There are many articles by experts elaborating on performance evaluation of doors to enhance energy conservation and better acoustics. There are also a few articles discussing the key factors to consider while selecting hardware for doors, safety aspects like fire doors too. We hope that the content will help our readers to select the right type of doors and make sure that the installation is also done properly. A well designed and detailed door with a correct selection of glass pane or other infill materials will play a key role in maintaining the indoor comfort levels. Future development for doors will be fascinating and I will keep an eye on them along with you. Other than the informative articles on doors and windows, this edition presents a gamut of new materials and technologies which would be of interest to architects, builder and contractors. We hope you will enjoy reading this edition and will benefit from the industry insights. We look forward to your comments.

Renu Rajaram renu@wfm.co.in



Door – Design Trends

A modern entrance door


World of Doors


his takes me back to my childhood and my frequent visits to the grandparent’s village, the colourful doors were such a feature of each house.

The colourful wooden carved doors were the identity of that house. The doors are very technical! May

The colourful wooden carved doors were the identity of the bygone era



be, before we get into the technical aspects of doors, it is important to understand the use and impact of doors. Heavy wooden carved doors were such a striking feature of some of India’s old palaces. The carving, the detailing on the door reminds you of that era’s wealth, might and craftsmanship. Open chain latches were such a bold and striking feature of those days. That was a different time and different age, we moved much ahead. Beyond aesthetics, doors need to be utilitarian and coexist with the space. We rarely realise, but doors help us transitioning so swiftly between one to another space in the interiors. In the context of the house, do we ever realise going from dining room to bedroom, if the doors are open? They are an integral part of our life. Safety, security to aesthetics and well-

Door – Design Trends a revolving glazed door, you come inside and you might have a glazed door for a seamless flow between one space to another. The toilet will have a commercial board flush door and your sever room might have an access metal door. A glazed sliding door might lead you to an external balcony. And very importantly, you will have a fire door for fire exits. Just to name a few for better understanding.

Glazed sliding door

being of occupants, they cover all aspects of our life. Let’s get deeper into this subject and examine where we are. UNDERSTANDING THE USE OF DOORS The doors have their own world. It is utilitarian most of the times that goes hand in hand with aesthetics and these days a lot of debate is happening over its use to save energy, that’s where it becomes so important. The use of doors is very critical. The major building types in India are office buildings residential buildings hospitals, airports, hotels, educational institutes, individual houses, etc. Understanding of doors is very critical. Let’s start with height and width. Traditionally, most of the doors were 7’0” high with a width of 3’0” for single panel door or more depends on location. Still, most of the doors are 7’0” high, but we have noted some changes and we see doors up to 8’0” or 10’0” height in public as well as in residential buildings.

TYPES OF DOORS What mentioned above is a general or generic basic understanding of doors. How do you select your doors? Let’s assume that you are selecting doors for an office building. Your door type may be or most likely entrance door, which may be

DOOR HARDWARE Every door requires hardware, just for basic understanding, commonly they will be hinges, door closer, handles, lockset to a minimum. In more detail, all the hardware will be specific to the use and material of doors, for example, we need a panic bar for fire doors and mop plate at the bottom of toilet doors. It’s extremely important to have the right set of hardware for each and every door. FIRE DOORS As an architect, our first priority is to make the building safe first in all aspects. It is good to see that fire life safety is not compromised these days and strict measures are fast becoming a norm. I see a lot of

Glazed revolving doors



Door – Design Trends

Fire doors

clients suggesting their buildings to be NFPA compliant. Perhaps, this is a sign that our construction industry is becoming more mature. Again, if I have to borrow a context, then I will borrow the office buildings. We need to have a fire staircase, based on occupant load and travel distance and we need fire doors for these stairs beside doors leading to an area of refuge. All the stair fire doors need to be based on exit width. If you are wondering, what is exit width, National Building Code of India suggests considering 10 square meters per occupant for office buildings, so we calculate the number of occupants per floor, again based on National Building Code of India’s suggestion, multiply that by 10mm and that much width of doors requires to be available for fire exit. Let’s understand this in detail typically a 5000 square meter floor plate will have 500 occupants per floor and will require 5.0 meter of exit width. So, if divided into three doors, two doors could be of 1.5 meters in width and one with a 2.0-meter width. We also noticed that these days, spaces are leased at 6.0 square meter per person, therefore the number of fire staircases and doors are very critical. Typically, the fire rated doors will be hollow metal fire door and need to comply with IS 3614 part-1 & part-2 for stability and integrity, I will also suggest compliance with BS 476 part 22. A door or shutter provided for the



passage of persons, air or things, which together with its frame and fixture as installed in a building, is intended, when closed, to resist the passage of fire and/or gaseous products of combustion and is capable of meeting specified performance criteria to those ends. A minimum 2-hour fire rating will be recommended and they should be tested at approved lab or CBRI (single or double leaf). Door frame shall be ideally double rebate profile. Door leaf shall be 46mm thick fully flush double skin door with or without vision lite. The door leaf shall be manufactured from 1.2mm (18guage) minimum thick galvanised steel sheet. The internal construction of the door should be rigid reinforcement pads for receiving appropriate hardware. The infill material shall be resin bonded honeycomb core. All doors shall be factory prepped for receiving appropriate hardware and provided with the necessary reinforcement for hinges, locks, panic bar, and door closers. The edges should be interlocked with a bending radius of 1.4mm. For a pair of doors, astragals have to be provided on the meeting stile for both active and inactive leaf. Vision lite wherever applicable should be provided as per manufacturers recommendation with a beading and screws from inside. The glass should be 6mm clear fire-rated glass of relevant rating of the door. All doors and frames shall be finished with polyurethane aliphatic grade paint of approved colour. The door leaf and frame shall have passed a minimum of 250 hours of salt spray test. It’s very important that the entire door assembly (door and all hardware) be 2.0-hour fire rated. LATEST TREND SELECTION


even in fire life safety door goes for glazed fire rated door. They are available in 60, 90 and 120-minute fire rating. These doors match up with indoor/outdoor spaces and integrate seamlessly with the designer’s intent. Having a slim profile with integral astragal, they come in several thicknesses of glass (8, 10, 11, 12 and 14 mm) and type of fire glass are borosilicate and interlayered also available in frosted and toughened glass. These are very practical and efficient doors. Self-Cleaning Glazed Door: The unique dual-action self-cleaning coating is located on the external glass pane and meant for external glazed doors. It has got photo-catalytic and hydrophilic properties, and works in two stages: (Stage 1) The coating reacts with natural daylight to break down and loosen organic dirt. (Stage 2) When it rains, instead of forming droplets, the water spreads evenly over the surface of the glass, forming a thin film and helping to wash away any dirt and reduce streaks. These are interesting, but I will prefer to see how they evolve more to become more popular among designers. THE HIGH-PERFORMANCE GLASS|GLAZED DOOR: Similar to external façade glazing selection, a right balance of U-value, SHGC (Solar Heat Gan


Glazed Fire Door: The latest trend

Metal fire rated glazed doors

Door – Design Trends Coefficient) and VLT (Visual Light Transmittance) is critical. The idea is to have the right amount of daylight or rather glare-free sunlight in your regularly occupied space. This is not only important for energy conservation, but daylight is also very important for the wellbeing of occupants as well. I have elaborated (with the simulation) the impact of single pane vs double pane (or single glazed door vs double glazed door) on a southern side of the building. It’s quite clear that double glass door is more effective for daylight and energy with the

above-mentioned parameters.


CONCLUSION: The door has its own world and designing and implementing the right door requires a lot of effort. I was involved in a large transit oriented mixed-use development many years back and dealt with close to 1600 doors in one project, that led me to set up a dedicated team only looking at doors. I must say that future development for doors will be fascinating and I will keep an eye on them along with you.


Senior Architect & LEED AP (BD+C), PMP, Studio & Technical Director, Gensler, Bangalore

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Ashutosh Jha, Studio & Technical Director with Gensler at Bangalore has a credible design & build experience of close to 22 years, majorly in India and the Middle East. This includes working in premier Indian as well as with international design & construction firms and working on projects which are well known, complex and very successful.

The impact of single pane vs double pane (or single glazed door vs double glazed door) on a southern side of the building



A strong advocate of BIM, computational design and sustainable design techniques & simulation, he is moving more towards the cutting edge smart technology, environmentally responsive design and net-zero building concept. He thinks that an innovative approach in architecture design and construction will be key to our success in the future. If we can shape India with such approach in coming times, we will end up with buildings which will be relevant to our times and different from the rest.

Doors – Balcony

Balcony Doors T

his article may be a bit too late as balconies seem to have almost disappeared from apartments with RERA kicking in. In most projects, flower beds seem to have faded out too, except in luxury apartments and stand-alone buildings. To retain the charm of balconies and enjoy a good ‘cuppa coffee’ or early morning tea, it’s important to have good quality doors. Balcony doors can be classified into three main types but are not limited to only these. SLIDING DOORS

Balconies add a lot of charm and character to the building elevation



a. Two Track Two Shutter Sliding Door – The classic, always best suited for openings of around 1800 to 2000mm X 2100 to 2400mm. The Two Track Slider offers 50% opening with close to 900 to 1000mm opening to enter or exit the balcony with ease. Bigger openings can be made with additional reinforcements or adding a hurricane bar. Installation is the most important aspect for the optimum performance of all balcony doors. It must be discussed with the architect/ developer/project manager prior to the commencement of the project to avoid hassles. The doors should be installed only after the flooring is complete

Doors – Balcony b. Three Track Three Shutter Sliding Door – Wider opening exceeding 2000mm necessitates a bigger door system or move to three track sliders. The three track sliders also help in giving a bigger opening – 67%. The challenge is going to be with newer technologies in construction – Form work and precast walls, where the wall thickness is becoming less than 125mm. Bigger door systems have frames exceeding 150mm. This could pose a problem. It is important to have good quality balcony doors

inside and outside. Where water ingress is not a problem, low threshold tracks can be used. Two track sliders are easier to automate too. With more and more customers going

in for building automation, automatic sliders with control through iOS and Android applications, pet and proximity sensors are becoming more and more popular.

c. Other Options a. Lift and slide – Highperformance door leader – The Lift and Slide system has become popular in the last couple of years, as large sliding shutters up to 6 sq m are possible. The lift and slide rollers are strong enough to carry up to 400 Kgs and yet slide smoothly. b. Parallel slide – These doors combine the locking of casement doors with the possibility of sliding the door sash. These doors, however, haven’t been very successful in India due to the cost and complicated hardware for locking. c. Shift and Slide – This is a new entrant in the market with lesser hardware and offers the possibility of bigger sashes. The shift and slide also perform better against water when compared to lift and slide doors and has lesser components, making it easier to fabricate and install. The assisted locking system seals the shutter tightly with the frame, making it the best performing door amongst all sliders.



Doors – Balcony

The Lift and Slide system has become popular

FRENCH DOORS French doors are the most common type of doors for their 100% opening and aristocratic appearance. Double French doors with Georgian Bars add a lot of charm and character to the balcony and building elevation. Different options for the bottom – with or without frame or aluminium threshold are available. French doors offer better insulation against external weather conditions than sliders. Some systems can accommodate up to 44mm glass, which enables one to use double/triple glazing; this, in turn, offers higher acoustic and thermal performance. However, hardware plays a very important role in French doors. 3D hinges and multi-point locking systems are important to achieve the desired performance. BI-FOLD DOORS Bi-fold doors offer the flexibility of having a bigger opening when needed. Various combinations of shutters moving to the left or right,

French doors are the most common type of doors for their 100% opening and aristocratic appearance



Bi-fold doors offer the flexibility of having a bigger opening when needed

make these types of doors, the most flexible and customisable. The Bi-fold doors rely heavily on the hardware. Two basic types are: • The roller at the bottom and pin at the top. The weight of the shutter is on the track below. • The roller at the top and pin at the bottom. This enables to have a low threshold or a U-channel which can be embedded in the floor. SWING AND SLIDE DOORS The Swing and Slide doors – Wave doors/Open Max/Magna-slide systems are similar to bi-fold doors but each shutter can slide in-line with the frame. This saves a lot of space and adds novelty to the door. Cost of profile systems, reinforcements and hardware are currently high, making these systems a little out of reach. Accurate installation is a must for these doors to function properly. CONCLUSION: UPVC doors are excellent solution for balconies as they are long lasting, weather resistant and eco-friendly. Care needs to be taken while finalising the type of door and joinery details prior to installation to achieve maximum performance. As balconies are more functional than normal windows, hardware plays a very important role in their durability. Hinges, rollers, espagnolets should be tested for minimum of 10,000 cycles and corrosion resistance 480 hours salt spray.


Manager - Architectural Advisory Services, Deceuninck Profiles India

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Vakul Arora graduated from Punjab Technical University (PTU) in 2014 and an architect by profession. He started his career as a junior architect in Ludhiana and currently working in Deceuninck Profiles India, taking care of design development & technical assistance to all the channel partners in India level. With experience of 2+ years in fenestration industry, his portfolio includes system design & analysis, design solution to end customer, designing of new experience centers in India and structural calculation for windows/doors systems.

Doors – Glazing

Types Glazing & Energy of Conservation


lobal warming and constantly increasing pollution is leading to threatening consequences in

terms of its effect on our health and our resources as well. The advancement of technology and machinery invented for our comfort and benefits is harming

In residential spaces, fenestration is the most sought after part



us along with our surroundings. For example, the heat from air conditioners, noise and other pollutants from industries and much more. Initiatives are required to make a living which is less harming and emphasising on optimum utilisation as well as preservation of natural resources. Fenestration plays a key role in the architecture. Its impact on the wellbeing of the occupants and on the environment is very crucial. We spend most of our time indoors, whereas its effects on the outside are overwhelming. Everytime, we consume loads of energy in terms of natural resources directly and indirectly. The more the technology advances, higher are its hazardous effects. Therefore, in order to overcome all these ill effects, we need to make efforts for energy conservation, and even the minutest one counts. In our residential and commercial spaces, fenestration is the most sought after part. The doors and windows are workable parts of the construction for a lifetime. The effect of fenestration products is immense on the occupants, environment around, and on earth and its resources as well. In order to improve the consequences overall, a lot has been done, and the glazing is one of the key factors that enhances the performance of doors and windows. Glazing is the arrangement of processed glass panes in the

Doors – Glazing

In our residential and commercial spaces, fenestration is the most sought after part

aluminium frame structure. Different types of glazing – can be understood as layers of glass from single to multiple panes could better the efficiency of the windows and doors. Increased numbers of glass layers can enhance insulation, thermal and acoustic values. Single to multiple

layers of glass is also employed to improve energy conservation. Single pane - Single layer of glass pane is employed, which aids in maintaining internal temperatures with proper sealing. Although it provides insulation against pollutants such as noise, dust,

Glazing is the arrangement of processed glass panes in the aluminium frame structure

water and heat, while comparing it to double or triple glazed glasses, it lags behind in the race. Varying types of glazing used depend on the weather. In India, we face extreme climatic conditions, which makes single glazed fenestration unsuitable. Double pane - Double glazed or insulated glass are made by installing two panes of glass in an aluminium frame structure, which later turns to an efficient fenestration product component be it a door or window. Laminated or toughened glass of varying thickness, depending on the requirement, is used for double glazed fenestrations. Space is created between the two panels for the gas, which is filled to enhance insulation. These days, glass windows and doors are quite frequently chosen for their aesthetic and functional values. Additionally, double glazing in fenestration results in energy conservation tremendously as it insulates effectively, helps maintaining low temperatures inside in summers



Doors – Glazing

Glass windows and doors are quite frequently chosen for their aesthetic and functional values

and hence reduces the cost of air conditioning. Moreover, in winters, it is difficult to maintain warmth inside the building due to lack of proper sealing in traditional doors and windows. Double glazed or triple glazed glass panes are also helpful in reducing noise pollution within the premises, creating peaceful ambiance. Double glazed fenestration products results in saving energy and also helps in reducing the need for artificial light, hence using natural resources and reducing electricity bills, saving almost 30-40%. Triple pane - Triple pane fenestration consist three layers of glass filled with krypton, argon and a combination of gases. Triple pane windows and doors are more energy efficient with enhanced acoustic and thermal values. Moreover, triple pane windows are more suitable for larger windows and doors, especially French windows and doors. Sandwich glass - Sandwich glass comprises blinds sealed within the glass panels. The system




Managing Director, Riddhi Siddhi Innovations (India) Pvt. Ltd.


U Value in different types of glazing

facilitates motorised or manual operation to mobilise the blinds, hence aiding the interiors from high temperature outside. The advantage of the system allows ease in maintaining the blinds, no cleaning required as these are intact within the glass panels. Moreover, the system is highly recommended and beneficial for energy conservation as it combats solar heat and hence, helps cut the air conditioning cost, especially for commercial purposes. Furthermore, energy performance is determined by measuring U value in W/(m2K) depending on the heat lost. The lower the U value the lesser the heat lost, better insulation, thermal and acoustic value.

In India, fenestration requirements are different and the products prevalent in the market needed modification. So, in order to fulfil the need, loads of research and development took place. Tulsi Ram Modi is the name behind all the innovations and motivation behind the company Riddhi Siddhi Innovations (India) Pvt. Ltd. His enthralling experience of more than two decades has made his company a stalwart in the aluminium fenestration industry. Alfen, a brand of Riddhi Siddhi Innovations India Private Limited (RSIIPL), is renowned for its product quality, designs, and endurance. For more details, contact: Riddhi Siddhi Innovations (India) Pvt. Ltd., 214-215, Sunny Mart, New Atish Market, JAIPUR – 302020 (Rajasthan) India or visit: www. alfen.in.

Key Elements to Consider

while Selecting Hardware for Doors


oors and door hardwares have never received much attention during the design process of new or renovation projects. There are various companies that make door hardwares. No one would not want to buy the best door hardware. Beyond making certain that the selection meets minimum functionality and code requirements, more attention is usually paid to the look and finish of the door and its hardware than to how well they will function over time. If you don’t choose the best hardware then you will be putting your items & safety at the risk because thieves can easily access your premises. You need to know



different types of door hardwares and their uses. Not that long ago, it was possible to get away with ignoring door hardware requirements. Doors hardwares, and the functions they were expected to perform, were relatively simple. The biggest operational concern was keeping the doors work properly. Security concerns were limited to having a properly operating lock. Ignorance about locking the mechanism was the major problem while selecting hardware. Today, the situation has changed and the doors hardwares are no longer simple, low-cost components. They are now expected to perform more functions beyond simply looking


Doors - Hardware

good and locking, for example, safety requirements for building occupants and door hardware can no longer be taken for granted. Hardware selection goes beyond simply matching components to the needs of the customer. It should also take into consideration the costs associated with maintenance after installation. Failure to consider maintenance requirements will result in spending too much time and money trying to keep them functioning as they are supposed to. Poorly or improperly functioning door hardwares can easily compromise building security and the safety of the occupants. Before one can even begin the door and door hardware selection process, it is important to consider

Doors - Hardware Also, it is important to consider the weight and size of the door. One of the biggest mistakes involving door installation is the use of lightweight hardware on heavy weight or oversized doors. Larger and heavier doors require stronger, heavier hardware. Undersized hardware will wear more quickly, resulting in misalignment of the door, difficult operation and security compromises. An important factor that should be considered is the level of use that is expected for each door. A typical residential application might be subjected to no more than 20 cycles per day and have a service life of 30 years or more. A typical commercial application will be subjected to hundreds of cycles per day. If the mechanisms installed in the residential-style door goes in the commercial application, failure of performance comes on the way. The other important hardware for doors is hinges. They too should be selected carefully based on the type of door like a hinge door for the entrance door. Quality of hinge plays a very important role in the door opening. For sliding or sliding folding doors installed in a balcony or rear area, rollers play a major


the type of facility where the door is being installed. For example, doors installed in educational facilities will be subjected to an entirely different type and level of use than doors installed in a typical office or retail building. Residential use of doors has its own different purpose, the requirements varies for an entrance door to the balcony door to rear door. Selection of hardware is also based on the style of the door. The major mistake committed by a user or selector of hardware at the time of selection is that they only check the aesthetic look of hardware instead of its functions. For example, for the balcony area, most of the people select sliding doors. But at the time of selecting lock & handle, if a person chooses automatic locking mechanism or push handle, it will be a big problem because while a person is on the balcony and closes the door, it will lock the door from inside automatically and the person will get stuck outside in the balcony. That is why it is very important to check all the details, including the door location and usage of the door before selecting or suggesting hardware.

A door gives access to safety and security

Door hardware is expected to perform more functions beyond simply looking good and locking

role. Selection of roller and other internal accessories will define the performance of the door. Environmental factors should also be considered while choosing hardware. Doors are constantly exposed to an extreme level of temperature, such as in coastal areas, the doors should have finishes and hardware that are highly resistant to corrosion. Without proper protective finishes, doors installed in this type of environment can fail in as little as five years. Door hardware that is not resistant to corrosion can stick and bind, making doors difficult to operate and eventually, damaging the door, the hardware, or both. Another factor to consider while selecting the hardware is the maintenance of the hardware. Quick response to the maintenance requirements of door issues is essential because of the safety factor, it is necessary to stock a range of repair and replacement parts. Be very careful when selecting your hardware as not all hardware is equal! With standardisation, staff needs to take only a limited number of widely used items with them, reducing both response time and maintenance costs. But standardisation does not mean that the same hardware components will be used on every door throughout the facility.




Doors - Hardware

Important factor should considered is the level of use that expected for each door

important as it gives confidence in the product. A warranty will prevent you from buying a fake item. Companies that sell their products with warranties are proven to have quality products. When it comes to door & door hardware, it is about safety - safety of the people who live in the house or safety of the people who work in the premises. A door gives access to safety, so it is very important to select hardware based on all the above-said parameters.


Different types of doors and different applications will have varying hardware requirements. Hardware will still have to be matched to the requirements of the particular application. Before you choose door hardware, you should consider the warranty time. Some hardwares have very limited warranties. There are companies (like McCoy 8m), which offers the best warranties in the industry. Warranty on hardware is very


Selection of hardware is based on the style of the door, its purpose, weight, size and height of the door



Product Manager, McCoy Soudal Sealants, Adhesives & Foams Pvt. Ltd.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Jignasa Pravinbhai Suthar has over 8 years of experience in the façade industry. She has closely worked with McCoy 8m hardware division for technical support since 2015. Currently, she is responsible for Product Manager in McCoy Soudal in Delhi/NCR. After completing her graduation from Sardar Patel University, Gujarat in 2007, she started her career in façade industry working as an estimator at Perfect Glaze (India) Pvt. Ltd. Later she worked at Reynaers Aluminium NV as a design engineer & estimator, and at Kawneer (an Alcoa company) as a technical support engineer. She has in-depth knowledge of window and door systems. After finishing her MBA in Marketing and HR from Gujarat University, she joined McCoy in 2015.

Doors – Automation

Industrial Doors &

Automated Rolling Shutters


HOOSING THE RIGHT INDUSTRIAL DOOR Industrial doors come in many forms, shapes and sizes, and it can be a daunting task to choose the right one, taking all the technical aspects into account whilst

ensuring that it is fit for purpose. Finding the best industrial door for your environment, however, is so essential for the smooth running of day-to-day operations and brings about a number of business benefits: • A rapid-acting door system

Industrial doors come in many forms, shapes and sizes

helps to streamline a safer traffic flow at busy openings • A quality, energy-efficient industrial door can minimise heat loss and save you a significant amount on your facility’s energy bills • Using the latest technologies, an industrial door system can enhance levels of security for any working environment How to Choose the Right Industrial Door Whether you need a secure highspeed door for better productivity, or even a heavy-duty ice freezer door or fire shutter to protect your valuable assets, you need to choose the right doors. Being experts in the production and installation of industrial doors, we know a thing or two about choosing the right door for you. There are some features you will need to consider and we hope our guide will make your decision a little easier to make. Here are five things you need to consider while choosing the right door for your current and future needs:



Doors – Automation

A rapid-acting door system helps to streamline a safer traffic flow at busy openings

Meeting your business needs: If you are running a business, you will want to balance quality with cost. A good manufacturer of industrial doors will be competitive on price, but also know that there can be no compromise on quality. Ensure they meet industry standards and have glowing recommendations from their customers.

Minimising heat and energy loss: Industrial premises are hardly the best places to retain heat and energy. Large in scale, it can be tricky to keep costs down and so it is important to have industrial doors that help to maintain heat, and therefore save energy costs. Industrial doors are an opportunity to help in making some savings,

so choose a manufacturer that has tried and tested energy results with their doors. Speed: The speed of a roller shutter door or an automatically opening door will impact on the flow of the workplace and so being able to control this can be really important. The range of industrial doors has suitable inbuilt technologies that will help you to achieve safety, security and workflow effectiveness. Repair and maintenance: You may have thought that you have got a good deal on your industrial door but what about the long term. Having a manufacturer that can install and then maintain your industrial doors is a bonus. Installation expertise: The quality of the product is important. But understand that integral to its high functioning is the need to install it properly. A team of installation experts will ensure that the industrial door you have chosen works to maximum effect for you. High performing industrial doors provide businesses across the globe with exceptionally strong, long-lasting, resilient, safe and functional solutions to the operational needs.

High performing industrial doors provide businesses across the globe with exceptionally strong, long-lasting, resilient, safe and functional solutions



Doors – Automation ROLLING SHUTTERS CAN PROTECT WINDOWS & GLASS DOORS Installing rolling shutters can protect your windows and sliding glass doors from damage during

severe weather. In some hurricaneprone states, new homes or ones doing major improvement projects are required to install approved rolling shutters. In other parts of the country, they are also popular

Installing rolling shutters can protect your windows and sliding glass doors from damage

A rolling shutter

for energy savings and security benefits. Energy savings with a rolling shutter can be significant, especially over large windows and glass doors. Considering only the insulation value of the shutter slats, a rolling window shutter can triple the R-value of a standard window. Additional savings come from the dead air space which is created, reducing air leakage and blocking the sun's heat and fading rays during summer. A rolling window shutter operates similar to an old roll-top desk. It is mounted on outdoor vertical tracks on each side of a window or door and rolls up into a small box mounted above the window or door. The individual slats are often only 1 to 2 inches tall and interlock with each other. The mechanism to raise and lower them is indoors. There also is an emergency hand crank rod that can be used outdoors. When the shutter is lowered to cover the entire window, some shutters still allow natural light to come indoors. Each interlocking flange connecting the slats

The type of opening device and controls will be determined by the type and size of the rolling shutter you install



Doors – Automation together has long narrow holes. When the shutter is completely lowered against the sill, these holes are hidden. As the shutter starts to lift, the slats separate to expose the holes while the bottom slat is still resting on the window sill. There are several slat design options. The least expensive is made of hollow rolled sheet metal. Metals become stronger and stiffer from the rolling and forming operation. Another option is this same type of rollformed slat with insulation in the cavity. This makes it a little stronger and provides more insulation. The strongest and most expensive slats are heavier extruded metal. The type of opening device and controls will be determined by the type and size of the rolling shutter you install and the level of convenience you desire. If a shutter is difficult and inconvenient to open and close, you will end up just not using it as often as you should for the greater energy savings and storm protection. When installing a shutter over a normal-size window, an inexpensive pull strap operator is effective. For larger shutters or heavier extruded ones, a hand crank is a good choice. This is still reasonably priced and easy to use. For more convenience,

electric operators are available. With modern electronics, groups of shutters can be operated from just one control. Motorised rolling shutters are typical, and are perfect for circumstances where side room is less and security is required. The rolling shutters need very less headroom above the structural opening. They combine strength with elegance along with toughness and are designed for both external and internal applications. Automatic rolling shutters are madeup of interlocked Galvalume, galvanised insulated and non-insulated, stainless steel, patented aluminium profiles and patented bright steel bar rolling grills. Automatic rolling shutters are strongly built to endorse a trouble-free process and long life. The motorised rolling shutters can also be planned as per customer’s conditions or conforming to IS6248. Rolling shutters are automated using vigorous drive expertise with manual override in case of a power failure and are dense, noiseless, and dependable with low decibel level. Motorised rolling shutters can be manufactured to a maximum width of 30,000 mm and height of 40,000 mm with a boundless array of choices to please both artistic deliberations as well as a working prerequisite.

The rolling shutters combine strength with elegance along with toughness and are designed for both external and internal applications




Director, Gandhi Automations

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Kartik Gandhi, as one of the founders and Director, has been instrumental in the organizsational development of Gandhi Automations since its inception and has been constantly working on improving its operations, manufacturing and deliverables since then. With his strong technical expertise and his vision, he managed to set up one of the finest manufacturing units which meet ISO 9001: 2015, ISO 14001: 2015 & BS OHSAS 18001: 2007 standards. Since the incorporation of Gandhi Automations in 1996, he played a key role in business tieups with international brands. His strong analytical and leadership qualities coupled with people skill have enabled him to boost organisational performance.

Doors – Fire Safety

Using Fire Doors to Maintain Fire Safety


hen loss to human life and property bring about grief, we invest our resources to ensure such losses do not occur again. For decades, countries and jurisdictions have been writing and evolving guidance documents (building codes) to build-in safety measures in construction to prevent loss to life. These codes give requirements ranging from structural requirements, fire initiation and growth prevention requirements, and even requirements for the design of plumbing systems to ensure the health of building occupants. The development and implementation of such codes in many countries is usually driven by manufacturers of products who believe very strongly in prevention of loss. The ethos of such companies drives them to aid the adoption and localisation of such codes written internationally. FIRE SAFETY CODES They are guidance documents which usually divide construction of different types of buildings by grouping them into what is called occupancies (the occupants and use of the building) as it helps to predict the behaviour of people if there is a fire. Fire Safety Code requirements provide the framework and boundaries to architects and consultants for designing buildings. The codes also help: a) Material suppliers to produce standard materials



b) Contractors to objectively price and plan for construction work, and c) Authorities and regulators to objectively evaluate how fire safety will be implemented for buildings which are competing to differentiate themselves from other buildings. For the majority of the codes followed in the world, a twopronged approach for fire safety is commonly followed. One, they aim to prevent a fire from initiating and spreading beyond the area where it began (passive fire protection). Two, to have measures in place to detect, and if possible, suppress a fire (active fire protection). As the use of combustible materials in construction has been increasing over the past few decades; fire rated doors (and wall and roof systems) have been enabling the containment of fire within a compartment until the fire brigade reaches the building and the occupants can be safely evacuated to prevent a loss of life. WHAT ARE FIRE DOORS? Passive fire protection creates a strategy of compartmentalising the occurrence of a fire within a small area so that the fire does not spread rapidly. Figure 1, explains how a compartment can be designed on a typical floor plan for an apartment building. The solid purple lines show the area where the walls might be designed to contain the fire and the red

circles show doors that might be required to be fire rated. The words ‘might be’ are used as the type of occupancy (where the building is constructed and who occupies it) defines what the fire strategy is designed and how it is deployed. A fire door assembly is a complete set of door-frame, doorleaf, door-hardware and associated fixing details. It is this complete combination that need to contain a fire in a room/compartment. As per a published report on “analysis of changing residential fire dynamics” by Underwriters Laboratories, experiments show that living room fires now have flashover times of less than 5 minutes when previously, they used to be around 30 minutes. The time between the initiation of a fire (dropping a burning matchstick or a cigarette stub as an example) to the time when major combustible items like sofa or mattress, etc. are burning creating high temperature and pressure is defined as a flashover time. Beyond flashover time is when it becomes very challenging to control and suppress the fire. To validate the effectiveness of a fire door assembly, such a condition is replicated in a fire testing furnace. Figure 2 shows a fire resistance test of a glass partition system in progress. Here you can see the inside of a fire testing furnace. TESTING A FIRE DOOR ASSEMBLY Testing laboratories need to be able to simulate the conditions defined

Doors – Fire Safety

Figure 1: How a compartment can be designed on a typical floor plan for an apartment building

in fire test methods repeatedly. For fire doors, these test methods could be as per the requirements given in: EN 1634-1; BS 476 -22; ISO 3008; UL10B; UL10C; NFPA 252, etc. An inexperienced laboratory could conduct a test whose results are not representative of the test method and hence not useful. When a fire door assembly is installed in a laboratory, a large

number of details are captured and documented. Figure 3, shows typical installed doors in a test frame with images of some of the information captured. Figure 4, shows doors during and after a fire resistance test. A fire resistance test validates the capability of a fire door assembly design (material selection and process) to withstand and contain

a fire for a given duration in minutes or hours. Different test methods vary in a few aspects like the rate at which temperature increases (time-temperature curve), pressure increases or is maintained, etc. Figure 5, shows some of these parameters. But having successfully conducted a fire resistance test on a door assembly does not mean that all the doors produced by the

Figure 2: A fire resistance test of a glass partition system in progress



Doors – Fire Safety

Figure 3: A typical installed door in a test frame with images of some of the information captured

manufacturer will be made to the same requirements, and therefore, offer the same fire resistance capabilities.

UNDERSTANDING RELIABILITY OF QUALITY ASSURANCE TOOLS ISO 170652 and ISO 170673 provide the guidelines to third

party certification bodies to write their internal processes on how to check manufacturers’ capability to repeatedly manufacture products (fire doors) that perform to (fire resistance) test standards. Product certification gives the confidence that a product fulfils specified requirements. Certified products are manufactured by a given factory under an audited quality assurance and control process which has been approved by an impartial and independent organisation called a certification body. The ongoing production is subjected to surveillance audits, giving confidence that the certificated product continues to fulfil the product requirements. Figure 6, is a table from ISO 17067 which gives the tools that a certification body uses to check the quality assurance processes of manufacturers which are used for producing the certificated product. The product certificate is issued and is listed in a publicly accessible listing directory. This is called Certification and Listing. www.tbwcert.com is an example of such a directory. USING FIRE DOOR CERTIFICATION CORRECTLY IN CONSTRUCTION Certification and listing provide a real quality assurance mechanism as compared with a test report (which only shows one of the designs submitted by a manufacturer for a test passed a test). How to use certification and listing for quality assurance of a construction project? Figure 7, shows three main stages of the supply chain of fire doors.

Figure 4: The doors during and after a fire resistance test



Stage 1 Door manufacturers reach out to certification bodies to test and list one or more door-set designs. Typically, a door manufacturer will create a combination of 2 or 3 doorsets to prove to a buyer (architect/ contractor/owner) that he can manufacture doors which can resist, for example, 60 minutes and 90

Doors – Fire Safety minutes of a fully developed fire. To do so, a third party certification body accredited as per ISO 17065 will witness the manufacturing of the sample doors which will be tested. Such doors carrying markings to establish traceability are then fire tested in a laboratory having an ISO 17025 accreditation (to demonstrate that they have competence in testing). Once tested, the certification body will start auditing the manufacturer’s internal quality assurance mechanisms to verify that that they can repeatedly ensure the same materials are used and processes are followed, which were used when the specimen door, which passed the fire test, was manufactured. This results in a listing of the manufacturer and product in a public directory where their door-set designs and manufactures address are listed for interested parties to verify their compliance. Stage 2 This happens at the project level where a design consultant/fire & life safety consultant designs a ‘fire safety strategy’ for a given building. This is a document which aims to cover all possible fire risks scenarios by design features. A key part of such a document is the passive fire protection features which are ensured by the properties of materials to be used to build walls, partitions, doors, carpets, Internal finishing material, etc. Refer to Figure 1, of a typical plan showing possible compartmentalisation. Such a plan along with fire safety strategy can result in a schedule of doors which needs to be rated to resist fire for specific durations. This door schedule is often the tender document where the door manufacturer bids, and it contains a list of door dimensions, constraints on hardware and the numbers to be supplied, and of course the fire rating requirements. This is a crucial stage as the door manufacturers need to submit evidence to buyers that the doors they will supply, will



Figure 5: Different test methods vary in a few aspects like the rate at which temperature increases (time-temperature curve), pressure increases or is maintained, etc. The figure shows some of these parameters

Figure 6: A table from ISO 17067 which gives the tools that a certification body uses to check the quality assurance processes of manufacturers which are used for producing the certificated product

Jindal Aluminium Limited is India’s largest aluminium extrusion company with a legacy spanning over 50 years. Known for our quality and ability to produce the widest profiles in the country, we are undoubtedly the first choice of Architects, Builders and Fabricators. Jindal Aluminium Limited - Jindal Nagar, Tumkur Road, Bangalore - 560073 Telephone: +91 80 2371-5555

Website: www.jindalaluminium.com Follow us @

Email: jindal@jindalaluminium.com

Doors – Fire Safety

Figure 7: The three main stages of the supply chain of fire doors

meet the same specifications as the ones which they proved by testing and listing on the certification directory. Often the change in dimensions or hardware form a combination which has not been tested and listed. Now the manufacturer submits the proposed designs of the doorsets to their certification body who may be able to technically assess, using past test data, that the new combination/ design will also be able to resist the fire without having to re-test it. It is very common that certification bodies need to re-test to give that assurance. Buyers need to be aware when signing off purchase orders: if there is a mismatch here, the buyer is taking on the risk and liability of a potential loss of life of people in on them. Stage 3 The contractor and overseeing consultant needs to be assured of the procured fire doors. Fire door labels (see Figure 8) are a common tool to provide the assurance between products which have left the factory and those which reached the construction site. Certification bodies take several measures (described in Figure 6) to ensure that the labels issued for traceability are accurate. These labels are usually put on the doors before the door-sets



leave the factory. These labels, along with the manufacturer’s installation guidelines, need to be checked and followed properly by the contractor and the overseeing consultant. If not, then they are assuming the responsibility for any potential fire accident including loss of life. Readers of this article should be able to understand the genesis of building codes and fire safety strategies. The note also aims to provide a better understanding of how fire doors (which forms an integral part of passive fire protection) are tested and certified, and how they need to be correctly selected and purchased. In the light of the recent fire tragedy in Surat, India, this note aims to increase the knowledge of readers to distinguish between the purpose of a test report and the utilisation of certification and listing. When used properly, such knowledge acts as the tool to bring about a higher degree of life safety.

Figure 8: Fire door labels are a common tool to provide the assurance between products which have left the factory and those which reached the construction site


Business Development Manager, Thomas Bell-Wright International Consultants, UAE

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Abhishek Chhabra represents Thomas Bell-Wright International Consultants, a Dubai-based, multi-accredited, privately held engineering firm providing independent testing, inspection and certification (TIC) services. The company has helped construction industry achieve quality and safety compliances in the region since 1995. An engineer and a PG in finance, Chhabra has been advocating the need for testings, inspections and certifications for improved safety and quality in various industries for most of the last 15 years. Along with helping certification bodies expand their horizon of business in the last decade, he has also been writing articles and presenting at various forums about mandatory and voluntary quality and safety compliances. He is currently responsible for the company’s fire compliance business.

Doors & Windows - Installation

Perfect Installation: A Key to High Performance of uPVC Windows An Initiation by UWDMA


t’s almost 15 years since uPVC windows entered the Indian market. As every new product, uPVC windows also had to go thorough struggle to survive and make its place in the new market. Today, uPVC windows have been accepted very well and are being preferred

UWDMA installation team at work



by the consumers for the reason of high performance and low maintenance. With increase in demand for the uPVC windows, number of fabricators have drastically risen from just 10 in 2008 to 1000 in 2019. With so many fabricators and many of them using the

same profiles and hardware, there is a big difference in the performance of their windows. The main reason for this difference is the INSTALLATION that 50% of the performance of a uPVC window depends on the profile and hardware and the rest entirely depends on how appropriately

Doors & Windows - Installation requirements for the cavity measurement should be fulfilled: • For windows, all the 4 sides need to be ready with plaster, tiles, marble • For doors, vertical sides and top need to be ready • Flooring needs to be ready or the final height needs to be approved by the client • Advices and instruction b. Measurement process • Measurement to be taken at 3 different locations each vertically and horizontally • Minimum size out of those 3 measurements to be taken for production • Minimum and maximum tolerances of the opening to be agreed between the buyer and the fabricator so that openings can be rectified before window installation if agreed. In any case, maximum installation gap between the opening and the window/door should not exceed 12mm in case of sealant filling. Any larger gap needs to be filled with PU foam and/or with plaster. Check water level and perform diagonal check to assure window is in perfect alignment

and correctly the installation has been done. Even if fabricators are using high-quality profile and hardware, the performance of a uPVC window would be pathetic without proper installation. The tragedy is that, among so many fabricators just less than 12 % know to do a perfect installation. So the window which looks perfect, just after the installation, starts troubling in due course. And neither the fabricator nor the client knows that the simple reason for this is POOR INSTALLATION.

1. Site measurement 2. Design and specification approval 3. Unloading and storage at site/ shifting 4. Pre installation check 5. Installation process 6. Finishing and handing over Generally, there should be clarity on what will be covered under that specific order. You must make file for that client comprising the floor plan and approved quotation along with approved design/specification of windows and doors.

Here are the steps for a perfect window installation:

1. SITE MEASUREMENT: a. Following minimum

2.DESIGN AND SPECIFICATION APPROVAL: Sizes and specification should be checked and confirmed, from the final order and the actual site: • Any extra or less quantity to be taken care of and the same should be informed to the client. • Any difference in price, in case of size variation between order and site situation to be taken care and the same should be informed to the costumer and should get confirmed to the client before production starts. • Hardware and profile samples to be shown and approved by the client. A mutual understanding is needed on the above points between the



Doors & Windows - Installation Check 2 - Whether the windows can easily be shifted at their respective locations. Check 3 - Whether required electricity supply is available. Check 4 - Whether scaffolding is required?

UWDMA team doing silicone filling

buyer and the fabricator in terms of cost and the designs/sizes. 3. SUPPLY / UNLOADING / STORAGE / SHIFTING AT SITE Check 1 – Cross verify the items from the packing list for windows, glasses, hardware & installation material. Check 2 - Identify the person responsible/authority for acknowledging the packing list and shipment. Check 3 - Identify the time of delivery e.g. day/night. Check 4 – Whether space is available for the vehicle to unload the windows. Check 5 - During the unloading process, kindly ensure no corners are in contact with any hard surface (ground or the vehicle body). Check 6 - Storage space has been identified and make sure that it’s clean and dry. Check 7 - Assure that windows are placed from larger to smaller size subsequently. 4. PRE-INSTALLATION CHECK Check 1 - Whether the openings are ready?



5.INSTALLATION PROCESS (Casement & Slider Window) Step 1 - To allocate the window to its respective opening by matching window name with the location name. Step 2 - Cross check the window size and the opening size. (In case of fixed window, remove the glass and keep it aside safely) Step 3 - Fix 5mm packer on the both sides of the frame's bottom and locate the fixing position, i.e inside, outside or center of the wall. Step 4 - Insert the window in the opening. Adjust and fix packers accordingly on remaining 3 sides. Step 5 – Check the water level and perform diagonal check to assure window is in perfect alignment. Step 6 - Make holes in the wall by drilling through the fastener holes in the window. Step 7 - Lay silicone in the fastener holes.

Step 8 - Drill fastener in the fastener holes. Step 9 - Spirit level check Check whether the window has uniform distance from the wall by using spirit level instrument, and then fix the packers along the sides of windows according to the gap. Step 10 - Fix the fastener cap on the fasteners with the help of silicone so that water never reaches the reinforcement. Step 11 - Insert the packer rod as per the gap between the window & the wall. Step 12 - Seal all the four sides of the frame with silicone and clean the extra silicone. Step 13 - In case of a slider door, insert the panels and check the overlapping of the panels on the frame should be 8 mm. In case of casement window, affix the sash to the frame with hinges such that after closing the window, sash is overlapping 8mm on each side of the frame. (In case of a fixed window, affix the glass in the frame) Step 14 – Install the remaining hardware in the frame and the sash.

Insert the packer rod as per the gap between the window & the wall

Doors & Windows - Installation


Senior Expert, UWDMA Education Programme Fixing windows

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Step 15 - Pull out the protective film from the window surface. 7. FINISHING AND HANDING OVER OF SITE Perform following checks first by yourself and then with client: Check 1 - Whether silicone has been properly and neatly done? Check 2 - Whether all hardware have been installed and are they properly working? Check 3 - Whether windows are properly aligned and functioning appropriately? Check 4 - Check water leakage with the help of water hose pipe. Check 5 - (If client requires) By using a decibel meter perform sound decibel test to check how much sound has been reduced. After getting all the points checked by the client, take his approval (signature with date) on handing over document and give proper instructions to the client regarding operation and maintenance of the windows. This will ensure that there is



no discrepancies and will lead to proper installation of the windows and doors. To make the entire process genuine and authentic, UWDMA is launching its first installation guideline in coming month, which will cover all the above installation steps in details along with images for the same. UWDMA (uPVC Windows & Doors Manufacturer Association) established in the year 2008 with the vision of growth of uPVC window industry in India by empowering uPVC window fabricators to provide quality product to the consumers. UWDMA do not want that the trust of consumer on uPVC window, which took almost a decade to get built up, should be shattered just because of poor window installers. Therefore, UWDMA has created an installation guide for uPVC window fabricators and installers, with the aim of enabling them to do a perfect installation.

After completing bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and masters degree in finance, Shobhita Mishra joined Lingel Windows & Doors Technologies Pvt Ltd in 2010 as window designer. Since then she is in uPVC windows and doors industry and has played every possible role from making a simple quotation to designing entire software responsible to make those quotations. In April 2019, Mishra joined UWDMA to bring its vision into reality i.e., growth of uPVC industry along with growth of the society.

Doors & Windows – Acoustics

Protection Against Noise Pollution with Sound Insulated Windows


oise pollution can be defined as regular exposure to excessive sound levels that may lead to adverse effects on humans and other living beings. Noise pollution is one of the greatest threats to human health and life quality. Noise is not just creating irritation to someone, but at certain levels and durations of exposure, it can cause physical damage to the eardrum and result in temporary or permanent hearing loss. Excessive noise is also a reason for various other health problems like high blood pressure, irritability, mental fatigue, sleep disorder and anxiety, etc. Excessive noise pollution is commonly generated by rail, air and road traffic, industrial and construction activities and outdoor loud music or usage of loudspeakers.

The world is getting noisier and noisier and there is no nearby solution to curb this menace. The normal human ear can detect sounds that range between 0 dB (hearing threshold) and about 140 dB, with sounds between 120dB and 140 dB causing pain (pain threshold). Noise has been proved to be

Rail and Road Traffic


detrimental to health – both physical and psychological. It is more important than ever to prevent this noise from penetrating your home or office. In this modern world, you cannot avoid such noises unless you have some specialised solution to it. One such solution is to replace your old wooden windows with

Industrial and Construction activities

Leisure (Playground, Pubs, Nightclubs, High Music in public areas, etc.)

Excessive noise pollution - reasons



Doors & Windows – Acoustics

The right choice of glazing and frames forms good sound barriers Effects of sound pressure on people - a study

new modern uPVC windows and doors, which prevent excessive outside noises. Our home should be an oasis of peace, quiet and comfort. This is where we should be able to switch off and relax from the daily stress. Typically, windows are the thinnest areas of the façade, therefore the right choice of components will not only considerably reduce disturbing noise from outside but

can also prevent it completely. The latest generation of highperformance uPVC windows plays an important role in our general well-being. These windows ensure that noise stays outside as well as providing protection against break-ins. Additionally, the high insulating levels help to reduce energy costs substantially. By installing these windows, we can take the right step towards a

Windows are the thinnest areas of the façade, therefore the right choice of components will not only considerably reduce disturbing noise from outside but can also prevent it completely



quiet and cosy living environment, which, in the long term, maintains the value of your property. HOW DO SOUND INSULATED WINDOWS WORK? To reduce sound, there should be a barrier between the sound and the ear that captures the sound. Homes do that with walls, roofs, and windows that block sound waves from entering. There are few factors that prevent transmission of sound through the windows: • The right choice of glazing and frames • Add air space (increase the distance between window panes) • Correct sealing of perimeters joints during installation As these sound insulated windows are modern and manufactured with high quality and innovative uPVC profiles, they should be purchased from a reputed company. Such companies provide the right solution suited to your personal needs and the latest window technology with highly stable uPVC profiles and special functional glazing for effective sound insulation, leaving the everyday noise outside. The windows from good brands come

Doors & Windows – Acoustics

An open window lets outside noise into your home – from heavy traffic approximately about 75 dB

A single glazed w i n d o w insulated about 20 dB. Not adequate for today’s level of noise pollution

up to the European standard for sound insulation DIN EN ISO 1401/1-3 (highest sound insulation). Sound protection begins with competent advice and reaches perfection when the windows are installed by specialists. The installation of these modern noise protection windows belongs in the hands of an expert. He advises you in the selection

W i n d o w s with standard insulated glass achieve 33 dB reduction in the noise level

W i n d o w s with special insulated glass can achieve 45 dB reduction in the noise level

and takes into account the sound transmission class suitable for your living environment. He makes sure that the windows are installed properly so that they are sealed tightly to the masonry for the full noise protection effect. Therefore, if you are looking for living in peace with quality life and better health, choose a brand having a rich legacy and an expert team in this industry.

Windows that block sound waves from entering a room


Director and CEO, profine India Window Technology Pvt. Ltd.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Farid Khan, Director and CEO, profine India Window Technology Pvt. Ltd., has 24 years of experience in diverse industries serving in India and the Middle East. He holds a Masters Degree in Business Administration with major in Marketing and Honours Degree in Chemistry. A guiding force to reckon with in uPVC windows and doors industry in India and has been instrumental in establishing the footprints of profine GmbH, one of world’s leading manufacturers of uPVC profiles for windows and doors by forming the Indian subsidiary and setting up of local state of the extrusion facility in Vadodara, Gujarat. Under his leadership, profine India with its brand Koemmerling is having further exponential expansion plans. He is focusing in making India the hub for export opportunities due to its strategic geographical location. WFM | MAY-JUNE 2019


Doors & Windows – Thermal Insulation

By Choosing Best


ummer is not only the time for relaxation and spending quality time with family and friends, but it is also the time of year when several people find it difficult to create a comfortable and cool indoor environment. The insulation property is actually just as important during the summers as it is when the temperature drops. It helps preserve cool and conditioned air during the hottest days of the year. A well-insulated house demands little additional heating and cooling. How much money can be saved by insulating home depends on different factors like the type of insulation and the size of the house. Moreover, depending on how long-standing a house is, it is essential to incorporate more insulation measures. The good thing is that, no planning or permission is required for implementing insulation measures



Fenestration Solutions

and in return, they will eventually pay back, so, it is a wise investment. EXPERIENCE UNIQUE THERMAL PROPERTIES A high-performance uPVC material outperforms the alternatives in thermal ratings. uPVC is a natural insulator that seals cool air inside your building structure. The windows and doors made from eco-

uPVC doors and windows

friendly materials like uPVC, always keep the heat outside the building with the help of their unique thermal insulation properties. Such materials are known for increasing thermal resistance up to 94%, which means less reliance on air conditioning units and heaters to maintain a level of comfort inside the home. The uPVC material equipped windows and doors hold

Doors & Windows – Thermal Insulation an upper edge with their heat transition coefficient (U-value), which is proven to be appropriate for homes and offices. With proper designing and execution, they tap the thermal insulation capabilities. Along with the added benefits of reducing energy costs, these fenestration solutions also contribute to a more sustainable environment. In addition, uPVC products are supported by a host of environmental, technical and economical credentials, which makes them a key part of costeffective thermal insulation for your home. IMPROVE EXISTING THERMAL INSULATION STANDARDS Most of the people are becoming conscious about the multiple benefits of thermal insulation. Thermal insulation contributes drastically in the lower consumption of electricity and thus keeping the ambiance serene while protecting other building elements from the weather. Over 25% of the heat from home and public building escape through windows. So, with the rising cost of energy and increasing environmental awareness, more emphasis than ever is being placed on ways to save energy in all types of domestic, commercial and public buildings. Government regulations specifying minimum requirements for the energy efficiency of new buildings are gradually constricted. At the same time, the emphasis is being placed on the importance of improving

Heat resistant door

existing thermal insulation standards. The compulsion for thermal insulation in refurbishments such as replacement windows has also been tightened. By replacing other counterparts with thermally insulated uPVC windows and doors, the amount of energy loss can be reduced up to 75% and bills can be lowered up to 20% each year. Thermal insulation is an important component for a house or workplace. It not only keeps the air at a comfortable and consistent temperature, but good insulation keeps energy bills low. If you are planning to install thermally insulated windows in your home, then consider these below-mentioned advantages: ENERGY SAVING Thermal insulation prevents the transfer of warm heat from inside to the outside and vice versa. In this way, less energy is required for maintaining the desired temperature in the room. REDUCED COSTS Efficient energy use leads to reduced costs, because no entry of cold/heat is allowed from the outside, no extra energy is required to allow a constant temperature flow. ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY Climate change is still a major threat to our world. With the right insulation, you can reduce the use of excessive energy, which in turn reduces CO2 emission into the atmosphere. CONCLUSION You should choose the best insulation material in order to achieve optimum thermal resistance to enjoy all the advantages of thermal insulation for your project. During the installation stage, you should pay close attention to ensure longevity and performance over the lifetime of the insulation material.

MANISH BANSAL Director & CEO, Window Magic

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Manish Bansal is the current CEO & Director of Window Magic, a leading uPVC brand in India. He graduated from the University of Kent, Canterbury, United Kingdom. Bansal is a successful business leader prospering in the building and construction equipment industry. He played a significant role in transforming Window Magic into a profitable venture. His clear vision, commitment to quality standards, market & consumer foresightedness added new insights to Window magic as a company. Bansal carries distinct expertise in global strategic management, including development, expansion, and turnaround initiatives. His belief and understanding of future market trends have helped in popularising uPVC products in India. Bansal has successfully established a reputation of being a dynamic, visionary, and strategic leader of the industry. For more details, contact: info@windowmagicindia.com WFM | MAY-JUNE 2019


Doors & Windows - Acoustic & Thermal Performance Improved Acoustics & Thermal Comfort Through

Effective Fenestration


luminium doors, windows and curtain walls are considered to be the technological and architectural elements with designed functions to interact between two inside and outside environments and are supposed to guarantee general comfort within the home. The main functions between others are mechanical properties, air, water and wind resistance, thermal insulation, acoustic insulation, light and shade, ventilation and safety. CURRENT TRENDS IN ALUMINIUM WINDOWS, DOORS & CURTAIN WALLS IN CONTEXT



TO THE ACOUSTIC & THERMAL PERFORMANCE Nowadays, an important element in the design of low energy buildings is the use of high-performance windows coupled with passive solar design strategies. As energy efficiency becomes more important, north Indian designers sometimes look to Europe for energy-efficient standards and technologies, such as the passive house approach. However, comparing European and Indian windows is complicated by the significant differences between European and Indian energy performance rating standards. The different evaluation methods and boundary

conditions also affect product design, as European windows are optimised to achieve the lowest U-values under their respective rating systems, while India is still establishing a foothold in these technologies and implementation in the systems. THE MOST PREFERRED SOLUTION IN WINDOWS IN CONTEXT TO ENVIRONMENT Windows, doors and curtain walls are available in wood, steel, PVC, etc., but those made with aluminium have all the advantages of the unique characteristics of such metal alloy. Aluminium is however also an excellent thermal conductor, and allows temperature

All Aluminum Frame for LowMaintenance + Durability High Performance Glazing Unit Argon Filled Glazing

Warm Edge Spacers Insulation

Air Seal Insulated Thermal Break

A project by Mixx Windows – Minimal sliding windows with thermal break

migration from outside to inside and vice-versa, acting as a “thermal bridge”. Such a disadvantage of aluminium can be neutralised by using thermal break systems. THERMALLY BROKEN ALUMINIUM WINDOWS & DOORS Thermal break, an equally important component in any window and door system, refers to the reinforced polyamide bar between the inside and outside aluminium profiles, creating an insulated barrier within the window frame. In simple words, it acts as a circuit breaker – cutting off the inside with the outside. The frame can greatly affect the actual energy efficiency of any window and door, including that of double glazed systems. Plus, efficient wall and ceiling insulation will make an even bigger difference to the overall insulation of your home, office or building. Standard aluminium is a good conductor of heat and cold, which means you can lose or gain a great deal of heat through the frame of the window/door. This

can ultimately undermine the performance of double glazed windows. A thermal break needs to be added to the frame. Thermal break technology features a reinforced polyamide bar between the inside and outside aluminium profiles, creating an insulated barrier within the window frame. This will conduct heat, cold and noise a thousand times slower than standard aluminium. PERFORMANCE ADVANTAGES OF THERMAL BREAK SYSTEMS IN TERMS OF ACOUSTICS By installing thermally broken double glazed windows and doors, you will be able to stop noise by up to 42db and keep your home cooler during the summers and warm during the winters. India is a diverse country in terms of geographies, having extreme heat in the west to extreme cold in the north – thermal break works in both these cases. Sections can be anodised or powder coated with a durable surface coating that can withstand the harsh Indian climate, including UV mage and salt corrosion.

Thermal section

TECHNIQUES FOR SOUND REDUCTION Silence is golden. Constant outside noise, whether from the vehicle or air traffic, dogs, wildlife, machinery, or loud neighbours, can present a serious intrusion in your home life. Double glazing is the most common noise reducing system of insulation or soundproofing. Typically called an IGU (Insulating Glass Unit), it comprises two panes of glass, an air gap in the middle, and a specialised frame. The frame, extra glass and air pocket work together as a noise filter to create soundproof insulation between the inside and outside of the window or door. Standard windows with an ordinary frame and one pane of glass account for a huge amount of noise transmission. With double glazed systems, the window glass, air gap and frames act as a noise reducer. This makes sure that the annoyance of street noise, neighbour noise, traffic noise and even barking dogs can be filtered out. Using specialised thermally broken aluminium/brass/



Doors & Windows - Acoustic & Thermal Performance

Using specialised thermally broken aluminium/brass/steel frames, a high acoustic performance can be achieved

steel frames, a high acoustic performance can be achieved. Thermally broken aluminium contains a soundproof material that is placed between the inside

and outside of the frame and the sash. This creates an insulating buffer against the outside world. Thermally broken aluminium conducts heat/cold/noise a

thousand times slower than standard aluminium. The Weighted Sound Reduction Index (Rw) measures the reduction of sound decibels transferred through a single building element i.e. walls or windows. The higher the RW rating, the better the sound insulation. The Sound Transmission Class (STC) reflects the amount of noise that is reduced when sound passes through a window. Both are the measurements that are

20mm slim windows

Thermal breaksection



Lift and slide

Alu wood cross section

Doors & Windows - Acoustic & Thermal Performance

Bronze thermal break windows

Glass allows radiant solar energy to enter the building so as to give a positive thermal gain

used to measure the level of sound insulation in houses, buildings and apartments. Is it possible to have a thermal break in any other metal? Yes, indeed it is possible to have a thermal break in other precious metals such as brass, corten steel, stainless steel and galvanised steel.



Although the market for them is very small as aluminium is the most preferred metal with the architects for performance and value. THE MARKET FOR THERMAL BREAK SYSTEMS IN INDIA Thermally broken window frames have been available for a number

of years, but for some reason their uptake has not been as rapid as might be expected from the promotion given to them. In the exterior wall of a house, the most thermally inefficient portion is the windows. We tolerate this disadvantage because the inhabitants like to be able to look out, and also the glass allows radiant solar energy to enter the building so as to give a positive thermal gain. A double-glazed aluminium framed window has an R-value (insulation) which is only about a tenth of that of the adjacent insulation wall of standard construction. Now, the customers are getting aware of thermal break systems, whether through social media or personal references, definitely, the trend is going upwards. On the architect’s demand side, the demand for (both: acoustic and thermal) high-performance fenestration products continue to increase for noisy metropolises, and utilisation of more efficient material will need to be augmented by the introduction of more innovative and efficient designs. Manufacturers are rushing with new products to help builders, and designers to achieve higher levels of comfort for both residential and commercial constructions in the best way possible. Customers are only getting more aware of the energy consumption and how to minimise the carbon footprint. Many European countries offer a tax rebate when citizens are using certified high-performance systems for fenestration. The governments are aware that energy saved using these systems is substantial and helps in minimising the carbon footprint and savings for both, as the customer gets reduced energy bills while for the government, the environmental impact is minimised.

Doors & Windows - Acoustic & Thermal Performance Additional Benefits of Thermally Broken Aluminium Windows & Doors: • Conducts heat and noise 1000 times slower than normal aluminium • Flame retardant • Added layer of security • Low maintenance • Long lasting • Durable • Non-corrosive • Thermal break technology • Excellent thermal and acoustic insulation • Powder coated surfaces with a large range of colours specially Binario, where you have a different colour outside to match your exterior and different colours inside to match your interior theme.

CRITERIA FOR SELECTING THE RIGHT VALUES FOR CERTIFIED WINDOWS Firstly, it is important to be aware that NFRC, ISO, and passive house U-values cannot be compared as they are based on different calculation procedures. For example, when comparing a product from Europe and a product from North America, designers should ask for and compare values determined under the same standards. Going forward, it may be useful for the

industry to add subscripts for the NFRC and ISO U-values to distinguish European from the North American U-values (e.g. UNFRC, UISO). Those comparing certified passive house window U-values should be aware that results are climate-specific, and have been determined according to different boundary conditions for the different climates. For instance, the cold-temperate climate, passive house recognises both U-values determined at 0ºC and 5ºC.

Customers always prefer high-performance systems for fenestration



ABHINAV GAIND Partner, Mixx Windows

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: Abhinav Gaind is a partner at Mixx Windows - a one-stop shop for luxury fenestration solutions. Mixx Windows represents some of the top European brands in India, including Metra - Italy, Secco Sistemi -Italy, Klimaflex Germany, Otiima - Portugal, Renson - Belgium, IMAR Spain, Acristalia - Spain to name a few. Gaind belongs to a business family, who owns Aquolac Paints- one of the oldest paint manufacturing companies in India. He did his undergraduate studies from London and came back to India in 2001. He gave up a successful career in the corporate world with a fortune 100 as a Risk Manager for Asia and Europe, to come back to India and start his own venture.

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Ado India Keeps the Quality on Top


do India Pvt Ltd was established in 2014 to meet the marketing requirements of Adopen Plastics & Construction Industry Limited in Indian uPVC market. Semsettin Hazar joined Ado India in 2015 as production GM with 16-years of experience in uPVC industry. In 2 years he was appointed as production and marketing GM and finally at the beginning of 2019 he became Managing Director of Ado India. Adopen Plastics has been established in Turkey in 1956. It has 12 manufacturing facilities in 6 different countries, having 160,000 tonnes of production with above 2700 employees, exporting more than 70 countries, Adopen is in the list of first 500 companies in Turkey ranking 242. The main business of their companies, besides other construction materials, is uPVC window and door profile manufacturing. Other construction materials manufactured include flooring materials (LVT), aluminium

profile, wooden composite door, uPVC window and door accessories, composite reinforcement profile, etc. Adopen exports 7% of its total materials to Asian markets, the Indian market is their priority in this region and they intend to be among top companies in the field in the near future. Ado India has been importing its uPVC profile and accessory requirements from Turkey where their main production premises are located. The products which they import are certified according to European standards (all the necessary certificates are available). Ado India has increased its production capacity from 3750 Sq ft per day to 8000 Sq ft per day by opening its Bangalore factory this year. The Bangalore factory has 35000 Sq ft closed area and caters to the whole Indian market. They completed many elite projects in Delhi-NCR during the past 4 years and will continue to do their best in Delhi-NCR and for entire country. They have opened/are opening

sales office and showrooms in main cities including Delhi and Hyderabad and their valuable customers are well served by these showrooms. Their head office is also located in Delhi. They are aware of the growing volume in the Indian market, which is currently 60 thousand tonnes per year, and they make continuous investments accordingly. With their new sales team, beside windows and doors for projects, they have started sales of uPVC profile and composite doors. Their company is known for quality understanding and after-sales service and is going to establish dealership system all over India in the next 2 years to serve the entire nation. The company always supports its dealers as partners and ensures their growth. Ado India has always been competitive and keeps quality understanding in the foreground. For more details on the product, contact:

Ado (India Pvt Lt. (HO) Office No. 710, Seventh Floor, PP Tower, Netaji Subhash Place Delhi - 110034 Mob : 860 766 6666 Manufacturing Add : Plot No. 262 P, Bommasandra Jigni Link Road, Jigani Hobli Anekal Taluk, Bangaluru (Banglore) Urban, Karnataka.




AIS Glasxperts – A Lifestyle Solutions Provider in Glass


sahi India Glass Ltd. (AIS), India's leading integrated glass manufacturer, brings to you AIS Glasxperts (AIS GX) - a full service offering which provides complete glass, window and door solutions for aesthetic, safety & security, energy efficiency, acoustic and privacy needs. At Glasxperts, we have the technical expertise, creative outlook, and the trusted AIS name to bring you all the spectacular possibilities of glass to enhance the aesthetics of your interiors. AIS Glasxperts 360 Degree Solutions Starting with expert and customised guidance for site assessment and design consultation to customised guidance for product selection and purchase as also installation, project management, and post-installation support, AIS GX aims to provide a hassle free experience with world class quality control at each stage of the value chain. Products and Solutions Glass, by nature, is a flexible material, and lends itself easily to any shape. This, coupled with the different types of for framing - uPVC, wood and aluminium, means that you can now turn your windows into design statements. No wonder that today architects and interior designers are leveraging the many options available with these three versatile materials to make interiors come alive, and AIS Glasxperts makes sure that the ideas are brought to reality with finesse. Advances in glass technology, frame materials and manufacturing techniques mean that today, a window - with its component parts



AIS Glass Villa, Goa

such as glass, frame and fittings offers almost limitless permutations and combinations that help create a dream home. Versatile range of window profiles - casement, bay, tilt and turn, sliding, etc. are available to meet different types of application needs. Our latest innovations have redefined the functionality of glass to deliver outstanding features like noise cancellation, energy efficiency, security, privacy and many more. Also, the slide and folding doors by AIS Glasxperts offer maximum space utilisation and look chic as well. These are suitable for balconies, courtyards, partitions between

living, dining and bar, conference rooms and showroom fronts. We also cater to specialised solutions such as spider glazing solutions, smart glass, canopies and pergolas to match your taste and preferences. Apart from these, we offer any type of customisation in glass with our integrated glass blinds, walkways, staircase, railings, etc. Intensive ventilation and exterior window blinds allow the warmth of the sun. We are your one-stop-solution provider who offer an array of solutions for all your glass requirements.

Come, experience the best of glass and window solutions with AIS Glasxperts.


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Tata Pravesh The First GreenPro Certified Steel Doors Brand


oors & Windows Reimagined for Complete Peace of Mind Doors and windows make a house complete. While doors are important to secure any unwanted intrusion in the house, windows provide the much needed light and ventilation. It has been an age-old tradition to use wood or MDF for making doors and windows. But how long will we have the abundance of wood to make doors and furniture? So what is the solution? Convenience Combined with Safety and Magnificence Tata Pravesh - from the house of Tata Steel, has introduced a wide range of steel doors and windows that unmistakably look and sound like wood. Tata Pravesh offers end-to-end solution for all types of residential and commercial requirements. Tata Pravesh doors & windows come with the assurance of strength, durability, no maintenance and resistance to termites and fire. It is a complete package with a whole gamut of branded locking system, coupled with delivery, hassle free installation and warranty of upto 5 years.

Tata Pravesh has a range of wood finish doors which include embossed as well as smooth plain finish. There are 35 elegant wood finishes to make a pick from. Tata Pravesh understands and addresses the fire safety needs and offers 2 hours fire rated certified doors. Along with doors, the brand portfolio also includes windows that have a range of casement (oyster), sliding (canvas) and swing cum slide (vista) metal windows. These windows come along with vision glass, grill and are given a wooden finish, which adds a touch of grandeur to any space. Committed to Green Products Tata Pravesh's doors and windows are environment-friendly. Tata Pravesh is the first brand of steel doors to have GreenPro certification by CII - Green products and services council. Let’s Shape a Better Tomorrow With pan-India presence across 2100+ dealers, the brand has traversed a meaningful journey with 1,00,000+ doors and windows installed for over 10,000 delighted

Tata Pravesh's windows come along with vision glass, grill and are given a wooden finish



Tata Pravesh offers a complete package of doors with a whole gamut of branded locking system

customers. Tata Steel has also launched an online portal Aashiyana (aashiyana.tatasteel.com), where home builders can find reliable information, architectural designs and trusted service providers in their locality. To continue its commitment to deliver the best to customers, Tata Steel is dedicated to offer more home solutions that will create value for consumers in the home making space.

For more details, contact: Tata Pravesh Helpline: 1-800-4199-200 E-mail: pravesh.projects@ tatasteel.com Website: www.tatapravesh.com

Cover Story

New Age Doors & Windows For Energy Conservation & Indoor Comfort 68


Cover Story


odern technology has given us much better alternatives. Along with many other building materials, the doors we install are wonders of engineering and design. They are aptly designed and well-insulated to provide a thermal barrier between the weather and your home or office, at the same time providing a beautiful entry setting. You can even get doors with large glass panels that use low-E glass technology to deliver excellent thermal performance. Thus, doors and windows play a major role in boosting the energy efficiency of any building. They may also provide some of the biggest energy savings. This edition’s cover story is all about the right designs and proper installation technics of doors in order to provide utmost acoustic and thermal comfort within a building. It also elaborates on performance evaluation of different door configurations to enhance energy conservation. We spoke to the experts on the above-mentioned topics, also on the impact of types of glazing on energy conservation and selection of the right type of glazing. Here we present the excerpts from their comments and guidance on installing the right kind of doors for maintaining indoor comfort, at the same time reducing energy costs, and improving traffic flow and safety.

Image Courtesy - Encraft



Cover Story


Managing Director, Lingel Windows and Doors Technologies Pvt Ltd


Senior Architect & LEED AP (BD+C), PMP, Studio & Technical Director, Gensler, Bangalore

DOOR WINDOW EVALUATION: MEASUREMENT & ASSESSMENT FOR INTERIOR COMFORT LEVELS Indoor comfort level helps when the door provides adequate security. One has to keep in mind acoustic, visual and thermal comfort to maintain the balance. Doors prevent excess heat or cold entering in and provide comfort. It restricts excessive daylight and heating of the room and the door should have a double sealing gasket system, making it air tight, says Mario Schmidt, Managing Director, Lingel Windows and Doors Technologies Private Limited. If the doors are properly installed as per design & detail intent of an architect, it will definitely help in maintaining the indoor comfort level, points out Ashutosh Jha, Senior Architect & LEED AP (BD+C), PMP, Studio & Technical Director, Gensler at Bangalore, indoor comfort level depends on air quality inside the space. “Keep air flowing through your home or office so you are only exposed to fresh, clean air. Opening the doors or windows is a great way to improve airflow, but this may not be the best option for people who live in humid climates or cities with a lot of outdoor air pollution. Striking right balance is very important,” Jha adds.

RAJAIKEPIN RAJAMONI Business Head, Sobha Façades


CEO, Glazing and Metal Works, Sobha Ltd



Fold & Slide window from Encraft

Rajaikepin Rajamoni, Business Head, Sobha Façades points out that fenestration should act as a balance between functional requirements versus offering a comfortable shelter against the outdoor conditions. To keep the external environment, the doors should perform well on keeping wind, water, heat, cold and noise out. The right type of door should be selected based on the functional requirements i.e., traffic, egress type, fire rating, etc., and performance requirements mainly considering air, water, thermal and acoustics. A well designed and detailed door with a correct selection of glass pane or other infill materials will play a key role in maintaining the indoor comfort levels. According to Varghese PV, CEO, Glazing and Metal Works, Sobha Ltd, doors help maintain comfort by: A. Giving proper acoustic closure. If the doors are made after a careful selection of sections, glass and gaskets, it can reduce sound considerably. B. It can provide thermal comfort by reducing the heat transfer through the door. This requires a proper selection of glass or door infill material. C. With proper doors, the discomfort due to water seepage can also be avoided.

Cover Story Daylighting design saves energies in many ways. In daylighting, there are two categories, explains Avanish Singh Visen, CEO, Encraft - one is ‘side lighting’ and another one is ‘top lighting’. Side lighting products face the horizon and the top lighting products face the sky. Doors and windows come under the ‘side lighting’ and it provides daylight and solar energy along with the perimeter of a building. Here an orientation with respect to the sun’s path is a critical factor. Remember, the overriding goal of any daylighting design is how well it uses the available light. However, uncontrolled daylight may result in excessive heat gain and potential


Sliding door from Window Magic

discomfort. It is important to ensure that the fenestration is appropriately sized and located, and that the correct glazing and accessories are selected. Use the fenestration area wisely to help insure the energy benefits balance the costs, adds Visen. Superior noise resistance quality of uPVC doors offer excellent soundproofing for home, says Manish Bansal, Director, Window Magic India. uPVC doors also help in maintaining the right inside temperature irrespective of outdoor temperature. In today’s scenario, it’s difficult to find a place where a person can enjoy peaceful solitude, but the superior noise


Director, Window Magic India

resistance quality of uPVC doors enables users to create silent zones, observes Bansal. uPVC windows and doors have excellent thermal performance. During winters, they resist heat loss, whereas, in summers, they oppose heat gain. IMPROVED ACOUSTICS THROUGH PROPER DESIGN & INSTALLATION OF DOORS & WINDOWS "This is a broad subject and especially reminds me the doors positioned within the meeting room within the office space, using a combination of methods like door gaskets and weather-stripping certainly helps for acoustics", says Ashutosh Jha. The acoustical architectural design incorporates a noise reducing concepts in the details of individual buildings, explains Visen. The areas of architectural concern include building height, room arrangement, windows & doors design/installation, and balcony and courtyard design. Sound enters a building through its acoustically weakest points, and windows are one of the weakest parts of a wall. A wrong design or not properly installed window will severely negate the effect of a very strong wall. Double glazing is one of the most effective barriers against sound, and combined with uPVC window frame systems, it can reduce perceived noise by up to 80% (~45dB). uPVC windows with good weather sealing are essential for effective sound insulation. uPVC windows profiles are welded and have multiple chamber construction. These two factors combined with the thickness of glass, provide the finished window with excellent acoustic insulation, reflecting sound waves before they have the opportunity to create vibrations and noise, says Visen. The acoustics of a door can be improved drastically in three major ways, points out Varghese PV: • There should be a proper selection of the outer



Cover Story The following will have to be kept in mind to improve acoustics: The window fabricator has to understand the customer’s demand and analyse the source of unwanted noise. The customer should be given practical advice and one would not talk about the percentage of noise reduction without specifying the exact noise reduction and the usage of a decibel meter. Besides this, the site should be visited to check the actual and typical noise. Finally, the right choice of glass and window should be made. Be careful that the decibel reduction provided by the glass industry is tested as per EN717-1. Other key points to consider: 1. Ensure there are no gaps and cracks around the window frame 2. The design of the glass combination must suit the requirement and one must keep in mind the location, outer level of noise, type of building. 3. Combination of insulated and laminated glass can also help in sound reduction. 4. Use different configurations of glass thickness. 5. Between two layers of different glass thickness when the PVB layer is used, it has a dampening effect of sound. (Mario Schmidt, Managing Director Lingel Windows and Doors Technologies Pvt. Ltd.)

frame and shutter frame. It is important to note that aluminium frames with multichamber sections and poly urethane infill will do the trick. • Careful selection of gaskets, with a focus on quality, welldesigned gaskets play an important role in proper closure, offering good acoustics. • The infill of the door is also very important. Double glazed glass panels with laminated glass as outer pane is suggested. Though the major part of the acoustics in the door is decided by the glazing used, other factors like detailing, sealing the jambs and gaskets between frames are important in getting better acoustic performance, remarks Rajamoni. The frames also to be designed to accommodate



required glass thicknesses for obtaining optimum values. Next level is to increase the spacer size in DGU and using dissimilar thickness glasses to help dampen mid frequency noises. Further improvements shall be achieved using acoustic PVB layers in glasses and filler materials in frame cavities to reduce detonation, adds Rajamoni.

An office building in Mumbai - a project by Gensler

IMPROVING THERMAL COMFORT THROUGH EFFECTIVE FENESTRATION A door or a window provides ventilation for fresh air to come in and vice versa, observes Schmidt. It also provides air circulation. Other benefits could include making the place warmer by reducing drafts in the colder months. The quality of air can be improved by using the seal and preventing or reducing mold growth and condensation. Well-designed and fitted window systems provide the following: improves energyefficiency, minimises air leakage, improves the performance of the air conditioner and cuts down on the electricity bills.

For an energy efficient window system: • Ensure there are no cracks or crevices as this increase the amount of energy loss. • Windows and doors have a gasket seal that ensures there is no air leakage • The kind of glass used will also make a difference • Try to use fluorescent lights as it consumes less electricity and won’t heat up the place • Have the right material door or window, for instance uPVC



Cover Story

Residence of Golcha and Aarti - A Lingel project

An office building at Mumbai by Gensler

According to Rajamoni, having the appropriate size and quantity of openings in the building envelope is mandatory for occupant comfort. Apart from the functional requirement, doors and windows may allow undesired heat/cold, air, water and condensation if it is not designed and engineered properly. Thus, adequate thermal performance of fenestrations must be assured for comfortable living. The process starts from the design of correct fenestration type and quality, selection of frame materials and glass, meticulous engineering of joint details and intersection with other trades. The following consideration would improve: The right selection of glass is the primary requirement of thermal performance, many architects like to use more transparent glasses to get the fluidity into their design and to get abundant natural light inside. However, points out Rajamoni, there must be a balance of other parameters such as optimum light transmission, and in tropical countries, more importance to be given to shading coefficient over U values. Solar control glass/low E glasses with an optimum spacer can achieve the



desired performance. Designers should look into relative heat gain per Sq m instead of merely looking into the U value alone. Another important factor is cold profiles, i.e., thermally broken frames. In doors and windows, normally the exposed frame area will be high, hence, opting to thermal break will reduce the heat/cold transfer significantly. Varghese, agreeing with Rajamoni, says: thermal comfort depends on the selection of façade material and glass. It is important

to opt for a combination that provides the lowest “U” value and shading coefficient. Double glazing with proper space in between, double “low e” coated glasses for high performance among others are some of the techniques. Thermal comfort not only depends on fenestration. It depends on the orientation of the building, thermal insulation provision on façade wall and many other factors, points out Jha. A well-detailed door is installed considering their location and

High tech doors from Gandhi Automation

Cover Story exposure to the sun, and this can help with thermal insulation. A fenestration system with low U value and low effective SHGC, explains Visen, can result in a reduction of heating and cooling demand by 6 to 11 percent in a moderate climate and between 8-16 percent in hot humid, hot dry, and composite climates. Thus, savings increase to 8 to 17 percent for moderate, and 12 to 26 percent for hot humid, hot dry, and composite climates, if high-performance fenestration system, with low-e glass, uPVC frames, and well-designed shading are factored in. Usage of double glazing reduces the internal temperature of the glass because of reduced conduction of heat from the outdoors. This results in better radiant temperature control and enhanced comfort. This effect can be felt in both heating and cooling, especially in spaces which have large glazed areas. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT DOOR CONFIGURATIONS TO ENHANCE ENERGY CONSERVATION Doors can contribute significantly to air leakage, and can also waste energy through conduction, especially if it's not properly designed, improperly installed, and/or improperly air sealed, says Visen. During the construction of any building /home, an Individual should consider buying of most energy efficient doors possible, and for this, it is important to first consider their energy performance ratings in relation to the local climate and building/ home's design. There are national councils worldwide, which helps to compare energy performance ratings of doors & it shows the “ "Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) and U value� factor of the door which is the main criteria of doors ratings for energy conservation. If the door does not leak the inside air outside, half of your

Twinsash window - Encraft

problem is solved, points out Jha. If exterior doors are difficult to push open because the outside air wants to rush inside, this is an indication that the building is negatively pressurised. With negative pressure, the building is likely to pull outside air in from cracks, leading to increased humidity in warm weather and chilly drafts during cold. A little positive pressure creates a barrier from the exterior, allowing for more control over interior conditions. The energy conservation by using windows/doors depends on the efficiency of heat resistance. Careful selection of material, proper procures and technologies

Sliding doors from Window Magic

will help achieve the objective, observes Varghese PV. As a rule of thumb, says Rajamoni, hinged doors with thermal break and deeper profiles are expected to perform well compared to pivoted and swing doors. However, the selection of doors is purely based on functional requirements. Adding vestibule design to the swing doors or revolving doors will help in energy conservation if there is high traffic. Both casement and sliding doors offer different levels of energy enhancement. While casement doors are better for soundproofing, they are also very effective in keeping the ambiance warm. On the other hand, sliding doors have a thick glass and insulated frames to offer better energy efficiency, adds Bansal.

Sliding windows



Cover Story

High-Performance Industrial Doors

A wide range of prime high-speed doors are available for various operations

Rolling shutters


Director, Gandhi Automations Pvt Ltd


hen selecting a door for a manufacturing warehouse needs, we look at the logistics, cost, ease of use, and longevity of the doors. Quality, performance and reliability are requirements for maintaining day in, day out operations. High-performance doors are automatic doors used for fast access between internal and external areas of buildings. They are designed and factory-made, using state-of-theart and resourceful engineering technology for frequent use in high traffic areas with opening speeds up to 2.5 m/s. The high opening speed reduces the time taken in



the movement of material, thus hastening the logistics process. Skilled engineers visit the site and recommend the most suitable rapid door to the client. Rapid doors are manufactured and installed keeping in mind international standards. There's no one-size-fitsall solution when it comes to choosing the right industrial doors. You will need to think about the internal and external operating environments, the frequency of use, the type of control systems, as well as the type of traffic and number of people that will come into contact with your door. The main function of a high-speed door is to act as a barrier. High-speed doors protect from harm, save energy and help to separate processes for optimal productivity. A high-speed door's most important job is to simply open and close quickly and safely every time you need it. A high-speed door helps to reduce energy consumption within your operating environment whilst at the same time enabling a safe and rapid method of loading and unloading vehicles. Be it a high-speed breakaway or security door, sectional, rolling

steel, hollow metal or impact door, we select the right door to fit the application. Professional guidance is required for the selection including activation and safety systems to ensure satisfaction and the safety of the workplace. HIGH-SPEED DOORS Many manufacturing industries nowadays need a controlled environment in which you limit the amount of dirt and dust in the manufacturing premises. Medical instrument manufacturer, electronics and computer manufacturer, food industry, pharmaceutical industry and some military applications are but a few of the examples that have strict requirements for maintaining dust free environment. High-speed doors have become an integral part of every industry. A wide range of prime highspeed doors is available for various operations, including areas with special requirements for temperature control, hygiene, storage and handling of frozen foods. Atex rapid doors are needed in explosion-proof areas; deep freezer automatic roll-up door is needed in cold storages, warehousing, loading bays and on conveyor systems. Prime reset features a special advanced self-repairing system.

Did you know?

Lingel is producing uPVC Windows since 1973 in Germany and since 2006 in India.

Aluminium Windows since 1993 in Germany. And ďŹ rst installed in 2008 in India

Contact the Experts mario@lingel.in +91-9870 273 743 www.lingelwindows.com

Visit our showrooms in Gurgaon and Mumbai

Cover Story ROLE OF DOOR & WINDOW MATERIALS IN ENERGY CONSERVATION Apart from lowering heating and cooling bills, technology has played a big role in enhancing the energy efficiency features of doors and windows. This helps in keeping the homes cooler in summer and warmer in winters. Features like thick glass coating, improved thermal control, etc. significantly reduce energy consumption for temperature maintenance, points out Bansal. Doors and windows contribute 30-45% of energy loss in a building and here the role of effective glazing comes which can also name as energy efficient glazing. This can improve the energy efficiency of building/homes, reduce the monthly electricity bills and decreases the carbon footprint, observes Visen. Low-E glass is the most popular glass for energy conservation. Apart from these, other glasses with excellent solar control properties and superior protective coating plays an important role in energy savings. Jha too agrees that the materials

Dock shelter from Gandhi Automation



A project by Lingel

used for fenestration play a big role in energy conservation. For external windows and doors, perhaps the reference is more about glazing door, looking at the features like performance glass having a right U value, solar heat gain coefficient and light transmission, which are very important. Getting all the above in right proportion is key to energy conservation. Visual Light Transmittance in right numbers is very important for daylight and energy both, opines Jha. Low E-glass has maximum heat deflection, it means a very low U value, it stops the temperature from passing the glass, which gives it an edge over other window treatment options. The U value which is a measure of the rate of heat loss is expressed in watts per square metre, per degree Kelvin. Lower U values can be attained if there is a use of multiple glazing layers, gases, and low e-coating. This also provides water tightness during the monsoon season. Even in dry and dusty areas, these windows are ideal because of their dustproof performance. uPVC is the ideal material for windows and doors when it comes to energy conservation, says Schmidt. Contrary to the above points, Varghese observes that in a building, the impact of doors and windows in terms of energy conservation is less, as the area

occupied by such elements is lower in comparison to the total peripheral area. However, in the case of commercial buildings with fill glass façade, the impact is high. According to Kartik Gandhi, Director, Gandhi Automations, by ensuring doors are kept closed for the maximum time, with good perimeter sealing when closed, energy and temperature losses through doorways can be reduced, optimum operating rhythms can be achieved, and cross-contamination risks can be minimised. However, in a facility with significant traffic movements, be it pedestrians, forklifts or trucks, maintaining closed doors without serious disruption to your operations can be an Operations Manager’s nightmare! EFFECTIVE GLAZING & TYPES OF GLASS FOR BEST PERFORMANCE Effective glazing cuts down heat transfer and also controls temperature, humidity, sunshine and wind as per the location. Glazing also enhances the beauty of the home, says Bansal. There are various types of glass option for the effectiveness of glazing like: floated glass, tinted glass, reflective glass, tempered glass and shatterproof glass. Each glass has a unique quality and its suitability is dependent on the environmental factors as well as user’s preferences.

Cover Story Buyers are looking for solutions that save energy, are sound proof, low in maintenance, fire retardant, attractive, and have a long life. Primary heat losses or gains from a window or doorframes occur via air infiltration and thermal conductions, and to overcome this, uPVC is one of the best solution, advices Visen. Usually, a major amount of energy loss takes place through single glazed windows; but if one uses the double glazed uPVC it reduces energy loss to an extent, observes Schmidt. These windows have thermal insulation even without expensive special glasses, thus reduces energy loss. Smart glazing for windows is using the right kind of glass with the right quality of the frame which increases the efficiency and is a vital element because it provides light, security and helps in noise control. The options one can consider are tinted, low-e, double glazed and much more. Also, the right glazing can also let in light and enhance the view. Glazing surely helps in efficiency when it comes to heat gain or heat loss.

Tall residential building, Mumbai by Gensler

For the best selection of glass for a door, one should consider: A. Light Transmission (LT) – Glass units should have a high LT. Usually one has to look at a glass combination with 60 percent LT. B. U value and shading coefficient (SF) – For increased energy saving, a glass combination that can provide a U value of around 1.2 and a shading coefficient of 0.25 is recommended. A glass that fulfills these parameters with a light transmission of 60 percent or above is an ideal choice. (Varghese PV, CEO, Glazing and Metal Works, Sobha Ltd)

IMPACT OF TYPES OF GLAZING ON ENERGY CONSERVATION & SELECTION OF THE RIGHT TYPE OF GLAZING There are several types of glazing materials, which are applied to the windows and doors as per the need of the customer. When it comes to differentiating between single pane and double pane glasses, then double pane always tops the list as they are more energy efficient and easily available in the market, notes Bansal. Nowadays, the innovative triple pane is also available in the market. They reflect 97 percent of energy and only allow 3 percent to pass through. Lastly, sandwich glass, the most efficient one, comes in various shapes and colours. Conduction occurs easily with single glazing, observes Jha, as there is only one layer of glass between the inside air and outside air, allowing energy to escape more readily. Double glazing is the installation of two sheets of glass, with spacer bars fixed around the edge to keep the panes apart. Between the two glass sheets is a layer of insulated air; this air space is often filled with an inert gas such as argon. Triple glazing is the installation of three sheets of glass, with spacer bars positioned around the edge. Again, each sheet is a layer of insulation air. Triple glazing

is certainly better from the energy conservation perspective. Visen too notes that a single pane of glass provides very poor insulation because glass is a good conductor of heat. Using double glazing with a layer of air or argon gas trapped between two panes of glass is much better since air or argon gas is a poor conductor of heat, and much less heat is lost through the window. If the inside of one sheet has a low-E coating, lesser heat is lost since the coating reflects heat back into the room. In triple-glazed windows, the three sheets of glass may have two air gaps filled with argon. These windows offer 28% - 30% (approx.) more insulation than a doubleglazed window. It also decreases thermal transfer by 75% - 80%, making it the most energy-efficient option around. It also mitigates noise. Therefore, triple-glazed windows perform all the functions of double-glazed windows, but with more effectiveness. They are just marginally more expensive. Laminated glass is two or more panes of glass with one or more layers of polyvinyl butyral (PVB) sandwiched between them and treated. It is most suitable wherever safety, security, noise control or UV control is a requirement. Ideally, we need to have a



Cover Story

Residential project in Bangalore by Gensler

natural shading at the window area that no direct sunlight can reach the glass, suggests Schmidt. Having that we can use a transparent glass and during the day time, artificial lighting can be reduced, which will help in saving cost and protect the environment. Overall, it is important to find the balance between solar factor and light transmission for the best performance. According to Varghese, these are three aspects to consider for efficient fenestration: • Selection of a highperformance glass with low U value and shading coefficient. • Adopting a process like double glazing with more space in between (24 – 32mm) and filling the space with inert gas. • Adopting an overall glazing system with proper gasketory to resist the heat ingress. One can also go for a thermal break system. ADVANTAGES & LIMITATIONS OF USING SOLAR CONTROLLED GLASS & SELF-CLEANING GLASS The solar controlled glass allows only a specified fraction of solar radiation energy to pass through, providing illumination, but helping to prevent overheating, which is great for energy conservation, says Jha.



Self-cleaning glass really is no myth as its special coating breaks down organic dirt, whilst reducing the adherence of inorganic dirt, compared to conventional glass. May be next-generation solar controlled glass and self-cleaning glass will be more popular, currently they have limitations, hopes Jha. Self-cleaning glass is a distinctive type of glass that needs minimal maintenance because its surface has been designed to keep itself free from dirt and grime. It helps in saving time and energy that goes into keeping windows looking great and has encouraged many homeowners to make the change to self-cleaning glass, notes Bansal. “The self-cleaning glass is an advantage as you do not have to worry about cleaning or hire someone to do the job so it saves your time as well as money,” says Schmidt. For instance, in a glass conservatory, the self-cleaning glass is ideal as it reduces the solar glare and they are also energy efficient when the heat reflects the inner coating. The disadvantage is that though it self-cleans, it does not always look very clean as expected. You have to depend on either the sunlight as well as rain to do the job. Also, you will still need to clean your windows from inside.

KEY FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHILE SELECTING HARDWARE FOR DOORS Any hardware selection should be primarily based on specification and suitability, points out Visen. Like adjustment to frame cutting size, it should penetrate reinforcement or special anchorage points, it should pass the life cycle data, it should meet the expected corrosion resistance standard and it must meet the basic security requirement. While considering the door hardware, one should always recall the home security as the door locks, handles and latch are the prominent part of the interior while selecting the hardware for doors, points out Bansal. Apart from this, an individual should consider the door designs that need to be used. One may possibly desire for matching chrome door handles for consistency, whereas others would like to differentiate the interiors with different handle designs for added design advantage. According to Jha, the key factor is the usability of the space. “If I have to select the hardware of a fire door, I will ensure that the hinges, vision glass, door closer, etc. everything should have a similar fire rating (30 min, 60 min, 90 min or 120 min)

Advantages of solar controlled glass: • Solar control glass moderates heat gained and shine of light entering the room and provide a relaxed environment for living. • They permit the light to pass through them, so the usage of artificial lights is also optimised. Advantages of self-cleaning glass: Self-cleaning glasses are recommended for obstinate spaces that are challenging to reach, such as areas on the roof. In case of limited mobility, self-cleaning glass is considered to be a worthy investment. The coating lasts for a lifetime and may significantly contribute to refining the appearance of conservatory over time. (Manish Bansal, Director, Window Magic India)




ENCRAFT uPVC Proudly Make in India ENCRAFT Doors & Window Systems, which conforms to British, European and International quality standards, is made of the best raw materials to provide the best formulation for its uPVC profiles. This enables ENCRAFT to deliver a profile system which is free of any kind of fading or decolorization, warpage & cracking for a very long period.





A. Grey

Black Smooth

Flemish Gold

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Cover Story of the door. If I have to select the hardware for a public toilet door, I will ensure that the door has a mop plate at the bottom�. The hardware should be compatible with the glazing system, says Varghese. It should be simple to use and effective. Architects prefer aesthetically pleasing shapes and finishes from trusted brands for better durability.

Tractors India, outside view - A Lingel project

FIRE SAFETY & FIRE DOORS What are the key aspects to consider while selecting a fire door? The criteria for selection of fire doors will be their performance. The fire rating of the entire door assembly needs to be consistent, that includes the entire door assembly

Selecting Hardware for Doors The key parameters to keep in mind are security, noise reduction, sealing and child safety.

Heavy duty patio door by Encraft

Hinges: When selecting a hinge, check if all the screws are within the window so that it is not visible outside and no rain or water can enter. It should also be able to take the required weight capacity, according to the design of the doors and windows. The designs of the fixing positions of the screws are made in such a way that no screws are visible on the outer surface and no screw is attached to the area where rain or water can enter. All the screw points should be ideally within the window only. Friction Stays: This is a hardware which is used for outside opening and top hung windows.

Tilt & Turn Hardware: This is used for inside opening windows and doors. A special sliding system with great hardware options can also be considered. 1. Lift and slide for doors up to 300 kg of panel weight provide perfect sealing and noise reduction. 2. Tilt and slide for doors up to 120kg of panel weight provide perfect sealing and noise reduction. 3. Shift and slide has the latest technology and innovation using the best parameters of both (lift and slide, and tilt and slide).

Handle with Locking System: This locking handle can easily be replaced for the standard handle. It is mainly used as a child safety feature, to prevent children from opening the window.

Residential building from Encraft



(Mario Schmidt, Managing Director, Lingel Windows and Doors Technologies Private Limited)

Cover Story

Fire Safety b) contained within the area/ compartment where the fire originated. The design feature to contain the fire within required fire rating elements like wall systems, doors, etc. Hence, a fire rated (means it will contain the fire for a given duration of an hour or two) helps contain the fire within a compartment to give time for the occupants of the rest of the building to be evacuated.


Market Development Manager, Thomas Bell-Wright International Consultants


ir e saf e t y i n a bu ilding has t h e f ol l owing aim s: • Reduce the possibility of fire; • If there is a fire; it should be a) sensed and should trigger actions like the alarm and activating any automatic fire suppression systems and

The market for Fire Doors in India: There is no dedicated fire safety code that India follows. The National Building Code which is not exactly followed by all jurisdictions in India has a Part 4 of its volume 1, which deals with safety from fire. The code covers provisions relating to means of egress (escape/ exit) covering various components thereof, namely exit access, exit and exit discharge. It also covers provisions relating to fire protection of buildings through portable and fixed firefighting installations. For ensuring compliance of fire

and the hardware as well. According to Varghese, with the recent revision of the national building code, the fire safety norms have become stringent. From just a fire exit door, now the requirements include fire shaft, plumbing shaft, ventilation shaft, hub room, etc. This will extend to other areas as well with time. “With the latest norms, the major airports, rail terminals are set to go through the overall changes and fire doors will be in great demand. The seriousness around fire life safety is set to grow”, says Jha. According to Gandhi, growing awareness of building safety and initiatives to minimise property damage during a fire accident



A French door by Encraft

protection equipment/installations to the code says that it is desirable to use such equipment/installation duly certified under the BIS Certification Marks Scheme. There are currently no certification or mark schemes for fire rated doors in India. Fire doors shall comply with the following requirements as per NBC 2016: a) Fire doors shall be constructed of non-combustible material having appropriate fire resistance, and two fire doors may be fitted with an opening if each door by itself is capable of closing the opening and the two doors together achieve the required level of fire resistance. b) All fire doors shall be fitted with an automatic self-closing device of same fire rating as of the door, which is capable of closing the door from any angle and against any latch fitted to the door.

Cover Story

Fire doors - Testing their quality and certification is important

c) Any fire door fitted within an opening, which is provided as a means of escape shall be capable of being opened manually, not be held open by any means other than by an electromagnetic or electro-mechanical device

Sliding door - Window Magic

which can be activated by the presence of smoke and/or the fire alarm system, provided that this shall not apply in the case of fire doors opening into pressurised exit staircases. The standard available from the Bureau of Indian Standards for fire

doors has two parts: IS 3614 which is the specification for fire-check doors (Part 1); which was published in 1966 defining plate, metal covered and rolling type; and (Part 2) which was published in 1992 about metallic and non-metallic fire check doors and defines the resistance test and performance criteria. Due to these old standards, projects in India, where fire safety is a priority, international standards published in the USA like UL 10B, UL 10C; standards published in Europe EN 1634 (revised in 2018) or standards published in UK BS 476 part 22 (published in 1987) are used sometimes. The market for fire doors in India is still working to learn that if a manufacturer has a test report for a fire door - it only means that the given sample they prepared specially for a fire test passed a fire resistance test. Only certain projects (like some metro stations or airports) have consultants who use the certification and listing as a means to check conformity to fire resistance properties of doors which are manufactured and supplied.

will drive the fire door market demand. Superior safety, lightweight features, along with advancements in the production facilities are key trends followed by the industry players. The flush-glazed fire door market is estimated to witness high growth owing to superior insulation as compared to its counterparts. Increasing demand for doors that offer safety and have lightweight applications will positively drive product penetration. Fire rated shutters and doors are designed to protect the facility up to four hours during a fire accident. Fire rated shutter stay open under normal circumstances and close automatically in the event of a fire.



Cover Story

Indoor Comfort

through Effective Fenestration


ow d o t h e do o rs help i n m ai n t a ining indo o r c om f or t l ev els? The human indoor comfort level is primarily based on three parameters:

installation/sealing of door with aperture. In technical parameters, we call it U-value. Lower the U-value, better is the insulation. Typically, U-value of 2.0 - 2.5 is good to go!!

(a) Room temperature: Maintaining room temperature through the installation of the right type of doors those have adequate sealing to reduce heat loss/gain. Heat insulation is achieved from the frame, panel configuration and the sealing between the two and

(b) Sound insulation: The second parameter is sound insulation, which has grown its importance considering today's prevalent noise pollution level! Parameters defined in part: (a) are equally responsible for ensuring proper sound insulation. Selection of right


Head Technology & Product, Fenesta

material/configuration and proper installation usually results in good insulation. Technically, these can be compared with Sound Transmission Class (STC) and the value of 30+ should be considered good. To give a comparison, a 9" wall can ensure an STC value of 50+. (c) Natural light: The third parameter is the natural light! Sufficient light in the room through these doors energises and brightens up the room!

Thermal efficiency depends on the the design and the material used for fenestration



Cover Story How can we improve acoustics through proper design and installation of windows/doors? Best Options Design


1. Best if one can use, two fixed 1. Use of slider window/doors windows with space of 1002. Two windows mechanically fixed 150mm between two windows together 2. Use of casement windows with multiple point locking cover 3. Coupling joints the entire height/width of the 4. Low or without threshold doors window 5. French windows/doors 3. Large span, make the major portion fixed and small portion openable 4. Use of right gasket and glass to ensure adequate compression/ sealing between the glass and sach frame


1. Measure to manufacture windows/ 1. Use of standard size windows/ doors as per aperture size and doors should be avoided manufacturing tolerances 2. Corner/transom surface joinery 2. Go for completely welded or with screw should be avoided sealed joinery at corners and transoms 3. Adequate steel thickness/size to meet the strength of the wind and prevent excessive deflection of parts


Use of double glazed unit with one glass being laminated with an acoustic PVB layer and maximise the gap between two glasses


1. Allow adequate space between 1. Flush or push to fit window in the window/door and aperture of the aperture window to expand/contract 2. Use of putty, cement to cover the 2. Seal gap between aperture gap between the window and and window with foam/backer aperture rod and surface protection for 3. Use of wooden screws to fix the durability windows with aperture 3. Use of fasteners to hold the window solid at the aperture

How to improve thermal comfort through effective fenestration? The first level of thermal comfort comes from the building design itself! Today, our architects and designers take care of the building orientation to sun path, wind direction, and altitude among others. Faรงades which tend to have



high exposure to excessive heat or cold should be well insulated with the least amount of wall openings. In fact, the best examples of these could be seen in our heritage buildings! The second level of thermal efficiency is the result of fenestration and is dependent on the design and

its material selection. Fenestration materials and glasses can be selected to impact medium to high insulation. Materials like wood, uPVC & thermal break aluminium can have better U-value. Similarly, glasses should be, low E coated, double or triple glazed to achieve lower U-value! Reflective glasses

Cover Story should be avoided as they cut lots of visible light transmission (VLT), especially during the morning/ evening hours, thereby reducing natural light. Some of the experts are even debating the use of reflective glasses and their impact on the environment! How do you analyse the impact of types of glazing on energy conservation and select the right type of glazing? Higher the insulation required, more is the number of glass panes with air/inert gas in-between the glasses to have reduced U-value. Sound and security requirement also adds to the need for sandwich glass which is also called as laminated glass.

industry! The story is similar with the selfcleaning glass! The cost makes it premium and is now widely used in spectacles and in in-house glass utilities! For large façade glasses, its bulk usage is yet to be witnessed!

What are the advantages and limitations of using solar controlled glass and self-cleaning glass on doors and windows? Solar controlled glass is a relatively new concept in India, though the technology exists in Europe and Japan. So far, it has limited market potential in India due to its prohibitive cost. Even in Europe, this has not been something which has just kicked off! It can be presumed that with the technology maturing as a result bringing the cost down, it will see major growth in the façade

What are the key factors to consider while selecting hardware for doors? The primary factors for choosing the appropriate hardware depend on several factors. Primary among those are: a) Usage area – The environment of the area where the proposed door is being installed. Is the region a coastal area? Does it have a corrosive environment? Basis these considerations, the ideal material of the hardware should be chosen from the likes of Zn/Ni coated or SS304/316 or Engg Plastics among

Slide & fold doors from Fenesta

Lift & slide doors

others. b) Endurance need - Whether the area is situated in a residential or commercial segment. Depending on the answer to the question, the chosen hardware should have durability for 20,000 up to 200,000 cycles’ tests. c) Usage type – The choice of hardware is dependent on several functional features. Whether the door in question is an important security fixture or a general opening? Whether it needs a simple closing/locking or can be non-locking? All of these define the type and level of hardware needed along with basic functionality and lock or security/alarm integration. Please brief on fire safety and door designs? What are the key aspects to consider? A fire door is a door with a fire resistant rating (sometimes also referred to as a fire protection rating for closures) used as part of the passive fire protection system. It reduces the spread of fire and smoke between separate compartments of a structure and to enable these an egress from the building. Building regulations specify that in homes over two-story, every door of a habitable room leading to a stairwell must be a fire door (this does not apply to toilets or bathrooms). Fire doors are also required between the house and the internal garage. Fire doors are given a fire resistance rating and are usually made of a combination of glass, gypsum, steel, timber and aluminium. Some fire doors have windows in them, which can be made from wire mesh glass, liquid sodium silicate, ceramic glass or borosilicate glass. Fire doors will have automatic closing devices (fire door closures) fitted. Moreover, fire doors are usually fitted with three specific hinges to manage the weight of the door and to prevent it from warping.



Product Watch


• Multi chambered sections provide extra strength • Rain track for a free-flowing drain system • Nylon rollers to ensure smooth movement • Better ventilation for fresh air circulation • Prevent noise pollution • Available in a variety of colours and designs • Termite proof and corrosion resistant

Slide and fold uPVC doors from Aparna

Aparna Venster Introduces


Slide and Fold uPVC Doors

parna Enterprises Ltd., one of the market leaders in providing premium end-to-end solutions in uPVC windows and doors, has added new products the slide and fold doors - under its brand Aparna Venster. The doors are made up of superior quality uPVC and they are designed to provide a smart and elegant look. Fitted with sliding and folding sashes and nylon rollers, the slide and fold range of doors from Aparna Venster allow effortless movement of the door in either direction and even to stack them to one end. Further, the doors can be folded completely or partially thereby allowing an adequate



amount of natural light, ventilation and fresh air to enter the home. Unlike sliding doors, these doors can be opened almost 90% to allow flow of air. Elaborating about the collection, Mahesh Choudhary, CEO-uPVC division, Aparna Enterprises Ltd, said, “At Aparna Enterprises Ltd, customers are at the heart of our operations and the new collection is a reflection of this ethos. It combines the need for superior ventilation solutions with the design aesthetics that today’s discerning customers yearn for. We are confident that the collection will be well-received by the customers.” Apart from the versatility of the

design, what differentiates the slide and fold range is its ability to withstand the climatic changes. The new range is highly durable and can withstand extreme temperatures. It is corrosion and termite resistant as well. A versatile collection, the slide and fold range also offer customers the freedom to customise the doors with the colour and lamination texture of their choice. While the profile comes in bold black, edgy blue and elegant white, the laminations are available in natural shades of golden oak, walnut, rustic oak, dark oak or mahogany. The doors are available in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Convention Center

National Tower at Chennai

Good Wood - Chennai

Uniglaze is all about what a dedicated team of perfectionists strive to achieve with the best available technology to deliver of the solution in facades, windows and doors with in the stipulated time with total transparency at all levels.

Office Address: No: 688, 1st Floor, 9th A Main Road, Indiranagar, Bengaluru - 560038, Karnataka, India Factory Address: #74, KIADB Industrial Area, 4th Phase, Hoskote Village, Lakkur Hobli, Malur Tuluk, Kolar Dist, Karnataka, India Email: sales@uniglaze.in | web: www.uniglaze.in Contact: +91 9632 1111 88, 080 4150 0882

Brand Watch

Geeta Aluminium

Opens Window Display Centre in Kolkata

The Window Display Centre at Salt Lake City in Kolkata


eeta Aluminium, a one stop source for midsegment and premium ‘Aluminium System Windows & Doors’ has recently opened its Window Display Centre at Salt Lake City in Kolkata. This new centre offers an entire range of aluminium system windows i.e. slim sliding, openable, combination, tilt & turn, sliding folding, etc. with depth of the profiles running from 25mm to 52mm to suit different conditions of opening sizes, wind load, smooth operability and of course affordability. Each system window with its unique properties shuts out disturbances like water, mosquito, noise, dust, water thereby ensuring good functionally and safety, filling your home with complete

comfort. This vast range with value added services (both pre and post sales - “Geeta Support System”) along with unmatchable supply chain pan India makes it convenient for customers to choose windows of a specific style and shade that matches their architectural preference and individual taste. Geeta Aluminium through its Geeta Gallery aims to help the buyers to understand the nuances by touch and feel of their customised product offerings before their purchase is made. It provides expert assistance on the quality of glass, aluminium and also helps in the installation services for doors/windows. At present, Geeta Aluminium has 6 Galleries in Mumbai, 2 Galleries in Pune, and 1 Gallery

each in Nashik, Kolhapur, Aurangabad, Shillong, Indore, Udaipur, Jaipur, Jalgaon, Raipur, Ahmedabad, Bardoli, Himatnagar, Goa, Vadodara, Kota, Kolkata and Bhubaneshwar. With an eye towards environmental sustainability, the company believes in using only aluminium as it is lightweight and 100% recyclable thus, making it energy efficient and environmentally sustainable. Kushal Bajaj, Executive Director, Geeta Aluminium (Geeta Group) says, “With the aluminium extrusion market currently approximately at 4 lakh metric tonnes, we are excited where the industry is going. We plan to expand and have a total of 50 showrooms by end of next year to add to those numbers.”

This new centre offers an entire range of aluminium system windows & doors



Product Watch

$ Grip products are easy to clean and are quick & easy to install

$ Grip products can meet the modern-day aluminium railing requirements

$ Grip's brand new concept to SG 11 LED design

$ GRIP Introduces LED-Base Profile


Grip, one of the pioneers in aluminium and stainless steel glass railing supporting systems in India, has introduced a brand new concept to SG 11 LED design, which has a provision for the LED light in the base handrail. Now a day many brands are providing LED light in the handrail. This is a continuous base profile, top mount and conceal. The profile gives aesthetically appealing looks to architecture. The profile, having 108mm height and 70mm width, is made of grade 6063 T6 aluminium. The LED is housed in the top cover for easy installation. The system is compatible with glass thickness 12-15mm, and 1000mm height. It is ideal for balconies, stairs and building enclosures. It is a new



beginning in modern railings. Established in 2010 in Rajkot, Gujarat, $ Grip is the leading manufacturer of glass railing with a presence in markets across India. It has completed numerous residential and commercial projects and is currently carrying out an ample number of projects throughout the country. With continuous technological advancement, strategic acquirements and wellplanned forays into new markets, the company has made concrete inroads in aluminium and SS glass railing supporting system sector. $ Grip offers an array of designs as a top mount, side mount, conceal, full baluster, half baluster and spigot fitting. $ Grip

also provides customised designs for its customers. Their products are superior since they give zero disturbance view and aesthetically appealing look. They add more value to the building, are very easy to clean and is very quick & easy to install at all stages of their placement. The company is well equipped with the latest machinery and able to serve the modern-day aluminium railing requirements. They use computer-aided design methodologies for implementation of customised jobs and can satisfy the client’s individual needs at affordable prices. For more details on the product, contact: S Elements, +91 8511194257, sales.selements@gmail.com, www. sgrip.in

Face to Face

Celebrating Five Decades

of Excellence in Design



Face to Face Established originally by Architect Rajinder Kumar in 1970s and spearheaded jointly by him and his son Architect Rahul Kumar since the mid-1990s, RKA (Rajinder Kumar Associates) is regarded as one of the leading architecture, planning and interior design firms in India. Rajinder Kumar & Rahul Kumar are well known for their simplicity, their aesthetic sensibility and their inspirational designs. Their designs are distinctive, cost-effective, green and energy-efficient, continually promoting simplicity and indigenous quality in all their buildings. Together they have played a key role in the creation of contemporary architecture across the length and breadth of India.

AR. RAHUL KUMAR Principal Architect, Rajinder Kumar & Associates (RKA)

In a candid interview with Window and Faรงade magazine, Ar. Rahul Kumar talks about his firm Rajinder Kumar Associates (RKA), outlines their design principles, elaborates on a few of their projects and explains the factors to consider while designing faรงades for any project.

ITC Grand Yamuna (competition) - Pool view



Face to Face


lease tell us about your firm Rajinder Kumar Associates (RKA)? Our firm was established in the early 1970s by my father Rajinder Kumar, and it is regarded as one of the leading architecture, planning, landscape and interior design firms in India. We have been practicing in India and abroad for nearly five decades. My father had practiced architecture under the able guidance of the team of Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanerette for many years, designing several important buildings in the capital city of Chandigarh. He worked closely with these stalwarts and had a very close relationship with them. In the late 1960s, Rajinder Kumar forayed into the tourism industry and designed tourist accommodation in the hilly areas of northern India. Five decades later RKA has contributed more to the tourism industry in India than any other architect, by designing the largest number of hotels in the country. We have designed hotels across the country, and abroad, in every category, from budget to 7-Star luxury hotels, for virtually every major hotel developer in the country and for practically every major Indian and international brand.



HCL Technology Campus, Noida

Designing hotels gave our firm the expertise to create a very high standard of design and detailing, exposure to international design, technology and materials that few Indian firms had. This made RKA the natural partner for many multinational corporations that entered India post liberalisation in the mid1990s. We got opportunities to design corporate offices for CocaCola, Motorola, Ericsson Microsoft, Cadence design System and ABB. I joined the firm in the early 1990s after finishing my Master of Architecture degree at the University of Pennsylvania and working in the United States for

a few years. The work experience helped me to understand the design needs and aspirations of international companies setting up offices in India. As the economy grew, major Indian corporations commissioned us to design their headquarters in India, including Maruti-Suzuki, Bharti, Reliance, Ranbaxy, Hindustan Lever and ITC. Our experience in the hospitality and corporate world helped us to eventually create one of India’s first “Platinum rated Green Building”- The ITC Green Center in Gurugram. My experience and education of urban design helped us to handle large and complex projects and create large campus designs for major technology companies such as HCL technology, Tech Mahindra, NIIT, Ascendas (Singapore) and many leading real estate developers. Alongside these large campuses, we got opportunities to design housing complexes for major developers in the north and central India. One of our design studios continues to create distinctive designs for housing in all segments across India in cities like Gurgaon, Noida, Kolkata, Lucknow, Nagpur, Bengaluru and Mohali. In the last 10 years, we extended our hospitality skills to create two of India’s most talked about

The ITC Green Center, Gurugram

Face to Face specialty hospitals; The Fortis Memorial at Gurgaon and the recently launched Apollo Proton Care Cancer Center at Chennai. Today, our work spans across all parts of India and abroad with designs in cities like Bengaluru, Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai, Trivandrum, Kochi, Mysore, Pune, Guwahati, Raipur, Ranchi, New Delhi, Noida and Gurgaon.

Overseas, we have successfully completed projects in Muscat (Oman), the Philippines, London, Sunnyvale (California), Doha and Bhutan. You have been in the industry for the past 25 years. How the façade industry has changed over the years? We have seen a tremendous

Apollo Proton Care Cancer Center at Chennai

Apollo Proto Cancer Centre, Chennai - Porch view



change in the façade industry over these 25 years. Our firm’s early works in the 1970-80s were largely masonry buildings using brick and natural stones of India. In the early 1990s, it was the first time one moved away from masonry façades and started getting technologies like curtain walls, aluminium claddings, glass and metal claddings, etc. We combined these new technologies with traditional Indian materials in a very contemporary manner that made our façades unique and appealing to many of India’s best developers and corporations. We became one of the pioneers in Green building design in India with the project "The ITC Green Centre," built in 2003, declared as first platinum-rated green building in India. Because of the awareness on green and sustainable designs, suddenly there came to a new shift again in the last decade, where one started looking at limited use of glass and all that one learned from traditional architecture started to come back using modern technologies for design and construction. Of course, today's challenge is meeting the aspirations of developers and clients to create façades that are international in character but still work in the Indian context. Could you please tell us about some of your projects and the materials that you use in your façade designs? One of the things that our firm takes pride in is to design façades that can use any kind of material. We are not bound with the use of a specific kind of material, and we want our every building to appear different. We use all kinds of materials - from brick to stone, glass, plaster, aluminium, metal and a combination of new and traditional materials using various technologies. Each project is made to suit a particular budget and scale. In the 1980s and 90s, we did

Face to Face

IIM Nagpur - academic pathway

a lot of hospitality projects with natural stones, and recently we have done 4-5 projects with plaster and very limited use of glass. The choice of material depends on that particular project location, budget and climatic response. We are comfortable in using any number of materials, but we try to get sustainability, longevity and are particular that the design should bring the desired impact, which is mandated by the client.

Could you please tell us about some of your recent projects in which you have used a special kind of faรงade? Recently, we have finished the design for the Indian Institute of Management in Nagpur. For this project, we are using a very special terracotta tile faรงade, which forms the major exterior, along with a kind of plastic concrete finish plaster. This modern technology of using terracotta faรงade along

IIM Nagpur - Administration faculty block, view from the entrance

with the little bit of curtain wall and a system of louvers made of aluminium is going to create a very special appearance. It will give all the benefits of natural ventilation and will also protect from the strong sun. It was the one project where we were excited to provide a sustainable environment without overspending on-air-conditioning in an educational institution (air conditioning is a big energy guzzler in educational institutions). While designing institutes like this one, one needs to plan such that they will function seamlessly for decades. We are trying many techniques of natural ventilation like openable windows, louvers, varied window positions and the optimum sizing of windows for different functions of the institute. Large shading roofs with solar panels make interesting university walks and shade the building faรงade on both sides. What is the role of faรงade consultants? When we started doing buildings with the external skin and curtain



Face to Face

ITC Grand Yamuna (competition)

walls, we did not have the option for specialised façade consultants for that. We, as a firm, had to educate ourselves, do lots of research, visit world-class buildings, study good technologies, manufacturing plants and projects all over the

ITC Grand Yamuna (competition)



world, and train our own team to have that expertise. The kind of level of skills that we have to detail external skin on buildings is sometimes far more than expected from most architectural firms. Nowadays, there are specialised consultants who have worked on special projects with us, and for most others, we still ourselves do the detailing of them. It is essential for any top quality project to have a team of experts. For special projects and high-rise buildings, we have worked with a lot of groups in India and overseas who have expertise in façade engineering. Façade consultants help the architects realise their vision of expressing the façades while giving the users a safe and comfortable environment inside the building. What are the things to consider while designing façade of a high rise building? The intent of the façade comes from the architectural team in terms of what their expression would be. Just because of their height, tall buildings become the landmark or monumental in their appearance.

One has to be careful about how to make these buildings look lighter. The key factors to be looked upon while designing high-rise buildings are the behaviour of buildings at certain heights considering the wind loads, its impact on the external skins, and the structural challenges of going that high. Application or installation of cladding materials faces many challenges above certain heights and the cost involved also increases with heights. We believe in using the most efficient trends in India and often collaborate with contractors to understand their challenges of buildings of certain heights and we capture them in façade designs. In the end, the design should be buildable in India using locally available techniques and equipment. The requirements of the builders are changing day by day, as they want the iconic buildings. How do you cope up with their demands through your designs? The desire to create iconic buildings must be matched with appropriate budgets and the will



Wood Finishes On Aluminium & Other Metal Products







Conveyorized Powder Coating Of Aluminium Extrusions



Mobile : +91 99000 09910, +91 98450 09600


E-mail : nicetechnocoats@gmail.com  www.nicetechnocoats.com

Unit-2 : Plot No. 553, Sompura 2nd Stage, KIADB Industrial Area, Near Triveni Turbine, Dabaspet, Nelamangala Taluk, Bengaluru Rural - 562 132

Face to Face help in reducing the lighting loads of these buildings.

Capital Heights Housing for Tata Realty at Nagpur

to use the best technologies and agencies to create them. Many cities in India attempt to ape iconic buildings overseas that turn out to be very poor cousins of the originals. We use our best skills to create very high standards of design that are unique using technology and budgets available for projects in India. It is not uncommon to see iconic projects finish in a very different manner as the design of the faรงade gets cut or changed during the execution stage. Tell us about the major projects you have done or currently doing. We have done a number of campus designs for technology companies and developers in India, like the 50-acre campus for HCL Technology in Noida. The faรงades of this project use a combination of metal, and stone combined with a unique landscape gave a wonderful campus design. HCL also gave us the opportunity to design a 100-acre campus in Lucknow where we had to create a campus atmosphere within a much-reduced budget. We are very happy that we have created the first couple of phases for this project using a lot less glass, along with metal and texture paint, with



smaller windows and openings. These are business buildings which needed to be done within a very short period of time. The technology of external skins, structures, the kind of glass and panelling system had to be designed and built very fast. In fact, one of the buildings is completely prefabricated using steel technology and was built in a six-month period. Most of these kind of campuses are using extensive green technology today. We make sure that the buildings get a lot of natural light. Almost all these spaces are naturally lit to

Punjab National Bank, Corporate Office - Dwarka, New Delhi

You have been doing projects in different cities with different weather conditions. How do you approach the ventilation of the building or how do you plan the design? We first do a deep study on the climatic conditions of the city. We arrange sessions with the users and get to know the details of the climatic conditions of that particular city. This is the technique we are currently using for our projects - University projects in Nagpur and Mohali where temperatures get very high. Hostel buildings typically have a central corridor with rooms on both sides for higher planning efficiency but often it gets monotonous. Here we have introduced breaks in faรงades that allow natural ventilation. It gives the opportunity to open up the windows and allow natural ventilation in the corridors. We are using this technique effectively in several designs of educational institutions. Tell us about the software you use in your projects. We use the latest CAD & REVIT technology as we model our projects. The architectural software is accompanied by tools of sustainability experts who help us in almost every step of any project using additional software. For almost all our projects, we use the best software to model the buildings and understand how they behave in a different manner and in different conditions. There are many materials available in the market like aluminium PVC etc. How do you incorporate the material for fenestration? For the architects who prefer aluminium, (who are used to a particular material) for windows, it is usually tough for them to switch

Face to Face our design studio and ensure that senior design professionals look at every component in buildings. We take extra protection when we do skin detailing of faรงades to make sure that if in any event the first level fails, there is always an option of second level protection. Our firm always works with the best life and safety consultants in India and abroad.

Tech Mahindra Campus. Hinjewadi Pune

to other materials. But, we do experiments with new materials all the time on ourselves. We try out these materials in our own homes/offices in smaller projects. Currently, we are using PVC windows in a number of projects, after experimenting and testing them in smaller projects. This has helped us a lot, and now we are using PVC extensively in large housing projects with variations to get different finishes. We are using

the best technologies in both aluminium and PVC in most of our projects. Can an architect specify materials for fire safety? We take this subject very seriously in our firm. Our hospitality projects always demand the highest standards of life & fire safety. We extend this learning and expertise on all types of building projects. We do training and workshops in

What advice would you like to give to the youngsters? In India, a 5-year degree gives one a license to practice through the practical knowledge at that stage is limited. I feel that there should be a compulsory period of working in a firm for a few years before young architects get this license to use. My suggestion would be that the young architects should work with firms for a certain period of time. In firms, you can experience a variety of project cycles done from the concept to the end in a relatively short period. The technology, science and the expectations are so advanced now that unless you have gone through the cycle, you cannot truly understand the building design and construction process.

Tech Mahindra Campus, Hinjewadi, Pune - total built up area is 1.8 million Sq ft



Case Study

IIM - Nagpur


Project: Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Campus Location: Nagpur, India Client: IIM Nagpur /EIL Architect: Rahul Kumar

IIM Nagpur - administration faculty block view from amphitheatre


ocated in Mihan, Nagpur, this 132acre project is planned to be developed in phases Phase 1 of the Griha 4-Star rated green campus will be developed on 66 acres. This smart campus will include academic buildings, student hostels, libraries, dining facilities, administration block, faculty blocks, guest houses, sports center, health center, visitor

centers and an amphitheater. All structures have been designed around meaningfully landscaped and ecologically green spaces such as cycle tracks, pedestrian friendly pathways and plazas offering students a safe & comfortable environment, one that caters towards spontaneous interactions and promotes a sense of community.

Tech Mahindra Campus, Pune


his campus for Tech Mahindra was designed on a plot of size 24 acres and the total built up area comprised of 1.8 million sq. ft. The project was designed & executed in phases. This campus consists of a corporate block, software blocks, training blocks and other recreational facilities.

Other consultants: Denfab Consultants, Gupta Consultants, Integral Designs Materials used for facade & fenestration: Terracotta tiles, Double Glass Unit (DGU) glass, ACP, and metallic paint Commencement date: September 2018


Project: Tech Mahindra Campus Location: Hinjewadi, Pune Client: Tech Mahindra Ltd. Architect: Rajinder Kumar Other consultants: JW Consultants LLP, RS Kulkarni, Ace Consultants, Abhiyanta Electricals Materials used for facade & fenestration: Granite stone cladding, Texture paint, Double Glass Unit (DGU) glass, and ACP at the porch Commencement date: November 2006

Tech Mahindra Campus. Hinjewadi Pune



Completion date: September 2013

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Case Study

PNB Corporate Office, New Delhi

Punjab National Bank, Corporate Office - Dwarka, New Delhi


ollowing an intense design competition, RKA was selected by Punjab National Bank (PNB) and CPWD to design the PNB Corporate Office, their headquarters, at Dwarka, New Delhi. The project was spread over 4.8 acres, comprised 8,25,000 square feet and was a dream project of the entire PNB Staff and Management. CPWD managed the project on behalf of PNB and RKA provided all-inclusive services for the project, including master planning, architectural, structural, interior design and engineering services.


Project: PNB Corporate Office Location: Sector 10, Dwarka, New Delhi Client: Punjab National Bank /CPWD Architect: Rahul Kumar Other Consultants: TPC Technical Projects Consultants, Ener Save Consultants, Environmental Design Solutions, Integral Design Materials used for facade & fenestration: 35mm Granite stone Natural Gold, Double Glass Unit (DGU) glass, and ACP – metallic silver Commencement Date: October 2011 Completion Date: October 2018

The project was spread over 4.8 acres



Case Study

Bharti Airtel and Maruti Suzuki Corporate Offices, New Delhi


KA was selected by Bharti Televentures and Maruti-Suzuki jointly to design their corporate offices at the prestigious Vasant Kunj shopping mall area in New Delhi. The project consisted of offices for both the companies to be built on a single site with an area of about 14,820 Sq m, to have a built-up area of 6,00,000 Sq ft. spread across 7 Floors. The overall semi-circular form of the one building respected the master planning guidelines and yet provided completely independent office spaces to both the users. Roof gardens at the top level are attached to executive areas and a Japanese hotel. The façade of high performance glass, aluminium and granite portray the hi-tech nature of both the companies’ businesses. RKA provided comprehensive services for the projects, including master planning, architectural, structural, interior design and engineering services.

The semi-circular form of the building




Project: Bharti Airtel and Maruti Suzuki Corporate Offices Location: Vasant Kunj, New Delhi Client: Bharti Airtel and Maruti Suzuki Ltd. Architect: Rajinder Kumar, Rahul Kumar Other Consultants: Semac Pvt Ltd., Kanwar Krishen & Associates, Spectral Services Consultants Pvt. Ltd., Deolalikar Consultants, Design Cell Materials used for facade & fenestration: Aluminium composite panel, granite, and a high performance glass curtain wall. Commencement date: October 2004 Completion date: September 2008

Case Study

Ibis Kolkata, Rajarhat

The façade is designed to depict the young, modern and colourful side of Kolkata


he Hotel, Ibis Kolkata is strategically located on the major arterial road of Rajarhat, New Town in Kolkata. Its design is inspired by the rich

and vibrant heritage and culture of West Bengal. Numerous local elements are depicted through artworks of hand-pulled rickshaws, Howrah bridge, trams and more. The lobby is inspired by Bengal’s famous kantha design and embroidery. InterGlobe Hotels in partnership with AccorHotels launched this hotel in January 2019. The façade is designed to depict the young, modern and colourful side of Kolkata which is simple yet appealing. The bright and exciting colours in the pixelated pattern along with the modern styled windows give the impression of a contemporary style building. A unique design feature is that the building massing and design was accomplished by using advanced energy modelling software that tracks the sun path movement. Detailed shadow analysis was done, which helped in

The hotel features an assortment of beautifully designed landscaped roofs


Project: Ibis Kolkata Location: Rajarhat, New Town, Kolkata Client: InterGlobe Hotels in partnership with AccorHotels Architect: Ar. Rajinder Kumar & Ar. Rahul Kumar, RKA

windows design and accordingly shading features were used. Even the materials used in the building façade like high-performance glass, plaster, aluminium glazing, aluminium louvres, uPVC windows ensure energy efficiency at the property. The hotel features an assortment of beautifully designed landscaped roofs The hotel has 189 comfortable & well-designed guest rooms. All the guest rooms present a panoramic view of the city. The public spaces are open, vibrant and are designed with purposeful environments. It is a next-generation hotel that features urban-influenced design, accessible technology, style and a social atmosphere to enhance experiences and keep pace with the new age visitors. The overall architectural elaboration embarks on its own unique identity and makes the building design differentiator in the neighbourhood. The design augments value for the customers and provides an experience that is original and stimulating.



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“Market Share of uPVC Windows Will Exceed 50% in 20 Years“

Run by Nandha Kumar, an entrepreneur since 2001, Prominance uPVC window systems is crafted after indepth marketing research. Nandha Kumar completed his BA Hons, from the University of Lincolnshire and Humberside, the UK in the year 2002. In 2004, he started a textile manufacturing plant along with his friends. In 2008 he started Captiv Fenestration as a small fabrication unit and grew from there to set up one of India’s largest uPVC extrusion units – Prominance Window Systems. He and his partners are responsible for the overall working for the company and is instrumental in making strategic decisions for the company. Presently, Prominance is one of India’s largest manufacturers of energy efficient and weather-resistant uPVC windows & doors. Their optimised production process outputs 100% lead-free and durable uPVC profiles for Indian climate.


Director, Prominance Window Systems

Nandha Kumar T., Director - Prominance Window Systems in his candid conversation with WFM explains his company’s presence in India, their products and services, the challenges faced by the industry and few solutions which can be adopted.



Industry Speaks


lease tell us about your company Prominance Window Systems and yourself? How long you have been in fenestration business in the Indian market? Prominance is India’s largest manufacturer of energy-efficient and weather-resistant uPVC profiles for windows and doors. The optimised production process outputs 100 per cent lead-free and durable uPVC profiles for Indian climate. Prominance uPVC windows and doors are certified by globally renowned labs such as BSI - UK and SKZ - Germany. The uPVC windows and doors are subjected to over 22,000 hours of extreme weather to ensure the best quality and competency in any extreme climatic zone in the globe. Prominance is one of the most trusted uPVC brands utilised by several prestigious real estate firms globally. It offers a wide range of precision engineered uPVC profiles with the options of coloured laminated textures.

Prominance is known to use the best and the finest grades of raw materials sourced from across the world, processed under programmable logic controller (PLC)/Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) based auto weighing and batching system with consistent quality to ensure the enhanced UV resistance, mechanical properties and gloss level. It engages state-of-the-art manufacturing facility and the best manufacturing practices put in place with utmost quality consciousness on each stage - right from machine selection, tooling and testing equipment, and to team development. To enhance the company’s profile, it is supported by a team of trained engineers that help customers with specific solutions with respect to the segments of extrusion, fabrication, installation and service with a penchant for innovative systems to cater to market dynamics. Since its inception, featuring ultra-modern extrusion technology, currently manufacturing 7200MT

Prominance offers a wide range of precision engineered uPVC profiles with the options of coloured laminated textures



per annum, its vision was and still is to provide customers with highquality uPVC profiles that surpasses UV resistance and all desired mechanical properties much beyond the range of parameters specified by EN12608-1:2016 standards. Its vision also intends to provide best windows system by adhering to top notch quality, constant innovative developments and enhanced support system that adds value to its business associates. The company also adheres to a strict quality policy that allows it to achieve manufacturing excellence with compliance of international quality standards through visionary leadership and total organisation’s commitment and involvement. Prominance is one of the most trusted uPVC brands utilised by several prestigious real estate firms globally. It offers a wide range of precision engineered uPVC profiles with the options of coloured laminated textures. Spread across 25 states in India, we are also exporting to Australia, South Africa, Qatar, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Tell us briefly about your journey with the company over the years, also about your major success stories in India? In the year 2008, we started our fenestration business in the name of Captiv Fenestration as a small fabrication unit. Being a fabricator, we understood the market and the pain points what the end customers were facing. In the year 2015, Prominance started its own state-of-the-art uPVC profiles manufacturing unit, which is one of India’s largest. Within three years of product commissioning, we were able to convert more than 100 fabricators, i.e. channel partners. We have made a successful entry in overseas, i.e. South Africa, Srilanka, Nepal and Australia. Most of the premium builders started using Prominance products.

Industry Speaks What are the fenestration product categories offered by Prominance? Prominance offers the following type of windows and doors: Casement windows & door: • Inventa Series 62 mm (or large opening windows) • Optima Series 50 mm (for smaller opening windows) This system is designed for more strength and better performance with twin gasket sealing. The gasket sealing coupled with multi point lock ensures tight closure with no gaps for proper sealing, thermal and acoustic performance. Thicker mullion profiles with reinforcements ensures sturdiness against heavy wind load. Our mullions and transoms with external strengthening bars ensures that we can design large size windows with required wind load. They are: • Fixed windows • Single open • Double open • Triple open • Top hung casement fixed • Open fixed • Open fixed open And many more options are available

Irene - Villa project in Chennai

tracks, the windows can be made wider and taller with the addition of shutters, sliding windows comes with an option of bug screen in a separate track. They are: • Double sliding • Sliding fixed sliding • Triple sliding • Four sliding

• Sliding door with double side fixed Also offered are slide and fold doors and tilt and turn windows. Throw some light on your company facilities and structure? We started as one of the India’s largest manufacturing unit for

SLIDING WINDOWS AND DOORS: Sliding windows work with the ride over mechanism. Made up of two (or more) shutters that slide to the left and right horizontally on

Casement windows

Montecarlo - Apartment project in Chennai



We are opening high quality uPVC windows all over the World...


Ph: 0130-4091122, 0130-4091066 | E-mail: info@adoindia.com Address I : Plot No. 11, Sector-57, Phase-IV, Kundli Sonipat Haryana-131028 Our authorized profile seller: Duron Polyvinyls Pvt. Ltd., Khasra No. 4651/279, Daultabad Road, Gurgaon – 122001, Mob No: 9910174583, 9971144583, Email id: nishanktandon@gmail.com

Ph: 0130-4091122, 0130-4091066 | E-mail: info@adoindia.com Address I : Plot No. 11, Sector-57, Phase-IV, Kundli Sonipat Haryana-131028 Address II : Site No. 262- P, Bommasandra Industrial Area, Bommasandra Jigani Link Road, Phase IV, Bengaluru-562106

Industry Speaks

Production lines

uPVC window profiles with six lines of extruders having a monthly capacity of 600 tons of uPVC profiles manufacturing unit and expansion of 20 more lines which manufactures 2000 tons of uPVC profiles per month is kept in the loop by having very solid and aspiring plan to create a South East Asia’s largest manufacturing plant for uPVC window profiles. We have already installed six

Weighing and batching

imported brand new extrusion lines, 52 toolings and profile lamination lines, and started the commercial production with effect from June'16 with associated renown brands of equipments right from weighing and batching, quality control, utility equipment to comply all the quality norms as per EN 12608 standards by using world's leading raw material from Europe.

How do you see the door industry evolving in India? In general, wood has played (or still playing) a major role in the Indian construction industry mainly for doors, windows and for other interior and exterior aesthetics. With the growing demand and evolution of new technology, the perspective towards using wood for construction has slowly changed because of the availability

Prominance Window Systems’ manufacturing unit for uPVC window profiles with six lines of extruders having a monthly capacity of 600 tons of uPVC profiles



Industry Speaks of different options and choices to choose between wood, aluminium and uPVC. Also growth in energy efficient doors and windows is on the rise. India is second only to the U.S. in the green building footprint and can be the largest in the world in 2022 (The Asian Age Oct 7, 2016). With the increase in adoption of green building standards, perspective is changing towards improving the energy efficiency

of ventilation and air conditioning applications. With this increase of sustainable construction methods, the growth in demand of energy efficient doors and windows is also increasing. Other benefits such as reduced dust, noise and improved thermal insulation are also propelling the growth of well insulated windows in both residential as well as commercial sectors. It is expected that the trend

Bloom - A gated community appartment in Chennai

A project at Colombo, Srilanka

will also be seen in the replacement and renovation market as well. Recyclable uPVC is looked upon as the best alternate for the popularly used traditional materials. Overall, the windows and doors market shows very interesting and positive trends towards uPVC windows and doors and has a huge scope in both new construction as well as replacement market. What are some of the key factors to consider while buying doors and windows for a project? A good uPVC window should have at least the below qualities: • Follow European standards (lab background - man with a suit with thumbs up) • Certified in any top labs like BSI UK, IFT Germany, SKZ Germany, CSTB France (window with a graduate hat on top. Lab names should show in the bottom of the window - 4 lab name with a flag on the bottom) • Should have passed at least 8000 hours of weathering test (window with cloud pouring rain and sun spitting harsh sun rays and 8000 hours as a stamp) • And should have a warranty of at least 10 years (window a hand with a stamp hitting and it should read 10 years) Why should one choose Prominance uPVC Window Systems? • Has successfully surpassed 22000 hours of artificial weathering test • Provides warranty for 20 years • Certified by world top 2 labs – BSI UK and SKZ • Supersedes European standard 12608 –1:2016 • Has a high gloss value and white index • Gives effective sound and energy insulation. • Multiple choice for wood finish



Industry Speaks What has been your or your organisation’s contribution in bringing about the current revolution in the door and window sector? • We support to UWDMA for conducting seminars/ workshops for uPVC profile and window and door fabricators • Support to UWDMA for BIS standards preparation. • Technical support provided to our new and existing channel partner’s staff members. • Established the below successful modules for business support to our channel partner’s shop floor and on site staff o Work force training o Technical software training o Customer service support with certified engineers periodic visit o Profile customisation o Co-branded creatives o ISO training o Joint marketing call • DEMO vehicle and technical support to our channel partners. As per your view, how important is the role of right installation of the doors and windows in achieving system performance, optimum acoustic and thermal insulation as well as in achieving the desired aesthetics? uPVC windows and door performance is increasing with the

Wooden wall window



use of right grade of interior and exterior sealant at the installation process. Rightly installed windows and doors are achieving the following properties: Minimise the air leakage: Using the right grade of sealant and gasket reduces the air leakage between the interior and exterior atmosphere. Well water tightness: Right installation process will resist the water penetration from exterior to interior. To withstand the windload: uPVC windows and doors to withstand the wind-load using the suitable size of reinforcement, hardware and fasteners at installation. Noise reduction: Rightly installed windows and doors have the noise reduction property. Please brief on performance evaluation of different door configurations to enhance energy conservation – role of rating of doors in green building.

What do you see as the main challenges faced by the fenestration industry? • Thermal performance trends • Natural ventilation • Minimising solar gain • Weather performance • Window and door sizes • Enhancing aesthetics • Balancing considerations Tell us about your channel expansion strategies in the market. • Plan for hiring more internal sales and marketing staff members • Channel partner relationship management • Recruit and train the right new channel partners • Marketing material and technical support sharing to existing and new channel partners What keeps your company ahead of its competitors in terms of products and services offered? Few-key value propositions we cater are as follows:





Thermal Conductivity





Thermal Insulation





Thermal conductivity

Saving energy costs by 88% with modern uPVC window systems A house window showing a high heat loss as indicated in RED A house window fitted with new uPVC window showing no heat loss in GREEN

Industry Speaks and superseding the norms of the EN standard to validate committed warranty clause of 20 years.

Casagrande Bloom Villa, Chennai

• 20 years warranty • Accreditations from world's top 2 testing institutions BSI – UK and SKZ – Germany; even any other German brands always comply accreditations from only one testing institutions. • EN 12608-1:2016 Compliance (weather resistance, mechanical properties and material characteristics) • Lead-free profiles - (RoHS compliance) • India's largest capacity Vertically integrated extrusion & fabrication facility with 1 Lakh Sq ft/month capacity. • Formulation by world's finest

Qatar residential buildings

raw materials - Imported from Europe's Fortune 500 companies. • Top clients - Prestige, Adarsh, SFS, Casa Grande, Brigade, ATS, M-E-S [Nathula Pass China Border] Tamilnadu Housing Board, etc… • Certified by Green Building Council (lead-free and hazardous free substances) • High gloss, superior white index and excellent surface finish. High UV resistance supported by scientific quantification of Delta-E value after simulation of 22,000 hours @ 44GJ/m2 of irradiation i.e beyond severe climatic condition

How do you see the window and door industry evolving over the next 5 years? Over the past two decades, uPVC has taken over other traditional materials for making doors and windows in a significant way all over the globe. Presently, it is the preferred material for door and window profiles due to its various features that improve quality of life, i.e. energy-efficiency, recyclability, low maintenance and light weight. Globally, the segment was valued at USD 27.5 billion in 2015, and would reach USD 47 billion by 2024. The Indian window and door (all materials) market was around INR 13,000 crore in year 2013-14, and the market share of uPVC windows and door profiles was about 6-7 per cent. As per a report by Ken Research, Indian window and door market is expected to reach over INR 15,000 crore by FY2020 in terms of the revenues and out of that, the uPVC segment is expected to contribute - around 8-10 per cent approx. i.e. 1500 crore. Market share of uPVC windows will exceed 50% in 20 years.

URC metro rail project, Chennai



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Providing a Platform to India’s Future The 5th Smart Cities Expo, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi


he 5th Smart Cities India 2019 expo, including Transport India, Solar India, Buildings India and Water India expos, was inaugurated by Durga Shanker Mishra, Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India, at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi on 22nd May 2019. Organised by India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO) and Exhibitions India Group, the event builds upon Government of India’s ‘Smart Cities Mission’ through a display of a vast array of products and solutions relevant to building smart cities in India, including: Solutions for home automation/IoT, building intelligence monitoring (BIM) of smart buildings, green building solutions, water/sanitation technologies, environment-related solutions for pollution monitoring, urban planning and smart IT & communications, security systems, smart transport, smart grid, clean energy & energy storage devices, etc. Speaking during the special address at the inaugural ceremony, Durga Shanker Mishra said, “Today, urbanisation is at the forefront in India. Experience from the world over has shown that cites are engines of growth. But urnbanisation also leads to many challenges in terms of mobility, utilities, infrastructure, etc. A citizen living in an urban settings may have many expectations and unless he gets a conducive environment, he may not be able to achieve his full potential. In the last five years, the path we have taken for urban transformation, is not incremental,



5th Smart Cities Expo's industry partner "Mazars Advisory" released a white paper titled "Synchronising a smarter India" during the inaugural session

but transformational, especially in terms of cleanliness, employment and livelihood opportunities, and housing.” Delivering his welcome speech, Prem Behl, Chairman, Exhibitions India Group, said, “In India, we have a population of 1.36 billion people, and nearly 30 percent of India’s population living in urban environments. The urban population contributes 63 percent of India’s GDP. Everyone talks about modernising the Tier I cities to create state-of-the-art pockets that would deliver the economic and infrastructural support for industries to expand, attract FDI, etc. But the emphasis is not just on Tier I cities, it is also being expanded to Tier II and Tier III cities as well, and work is in progress to uplift these environments also. And this is the mission of the Smart Cities India expo as well”. Three white papers, prepared by the experts from KPMG, pManifold

and Mazars Advisory, were released at the event. The 4th Smart Cities awards, conducted on the last day of the expo, received 236 nominations across 17 categories. A jury of 11 eminent members having vast experience and knowledge on the subject of smart cities across various categories such as water, education, infrastructure, etc., selected the winners. The awards were presented to 17 winners, while certificates of merit were presented in 5 categories.

Visitors gathering at the 5th Smart Cities Expo 2019

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Advancing Façade Design

through Innovation and Technological Evolution Zak World of Façades | June 21st, 2019 | Park Hyatt, Hyderabad


he 62nd global edition of the Zak World of Façades was held successfully at Park Hyatt, Hyderabad on 21st June 2019. Being one of the leading international façade design and engineering industry conference, it attracted over 300 delegates this time. In this 2nd edition in Hyderabad, the experts shared their thoughts on the recent trends in the façade industry. The focus of the conference was on ‘Advanced Façade Design through Innovation and Technological Evolution’. Zak World of Façade conference is currently being organised in 25 countries, which include the Middle East (UAE, Qatar, Kuwait & Saudi Arabia), South Asia (India & Sri Lanka), South East Asia (Singapore,



Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam & Indonesia), East Asia (Hong Kong, South Korea & China), Africa (Kenya, Egypt, Morocco & South Africa), Europe (United Kingdom, France, Germany & Sweden), Australasia (Australia & New Zealand) and the United States of America. The event took off with a warm welcome note by Syed Ahad Ahmed, Director, Zak Group. Addressing the august audience, he said, “I am proud that Zak World of Façades is conceptualised in India and that we could take it globally as well. We started on 27th July 2012 in Bangalore with a very small networking event in the evening and the event has just grown strength to strength. We are currently in 25 countries,

which speaks about the interest in façades and façade engineering globally”. Ashish Kapoor, Sales Director, Schüco India, who was the convener of the event, initiated


Sales Director, Schüco India

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Principal - Façade Engineering Leader, Arup

the conference proceeding on an optimistic note. Kapoor said, “This is our 5th year together and we are proud to announce that we have a global partnership with Zak Group and Zak World of Façades present in 25 countries. Schüco is the presenting partner for all the Zak conferences in each of these 25 countries”. Michael Chin, Principal - Façade Engineering Leader, Arup spoke on “Cities Alive: Designing Green & Sustainable Façades for the Tropics”. He also discussed the ‘Need for sustainable cities’, ‘Challenges incorporating "green" façades and how they can influence the environment’, and examples of sustainable façades design in the tropics and other parts of the world. Prameena Karunairaj, Business


Business Development Manager, FunderMax India

Development Manager, FunderMax India spoke on “Cladding high-rise buildings, a high-pressure laminate (Hpl) perspective”. She also discussed the benefits of cladding a high-rise, how to design cladding for high-rise and presented a few case studies. Ahmed Sumair, Director, Sahvia Façade, discussed the NBC guidelines for façades. He also spoke about curtain wall, glass, structural & safety. Loriane Parisot, Global Technical Service & Development Manager High, Performance Building, Dow Chemical spoke on “Possibilities with silicone for high-performance buildings”. She also spoke about a journey through high performance in modern façade designs, service for management of project timing


Director, Sahvia Façade

& quality, and latest innovations in the high-performance segment. After the tea/coffee break, Manjunath Shetty, Managing Director, Envelope Technik started the second session and talked about BIM (Building Information Modeling). Ashish Kapoor, Sales Director, Schüco India spoke about Schueco Troptec Aluminium Systems for emerging markets, and also on the international façade systems. Kapoor discussed the ways to meet customer expectations with international systems, keeping façades performance objectives in mind. Simón NAF, Country Head - Indian Subcontinent, Aedas spoke about Pragati Maidan Convention Center in Delhi, SAS iTower mixed-use


Global Technical Service & Development Manager - High Performance Building, Dow Chemical

MANJUNATH SHETTY Managing Director, Envelope Technik


Country Head - Indian Subcontinent, Aedas



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SRIDHAR GOPISETTI Managing Director, Team One India

development in Hyderabad. He was followed by a panel discussion on "Trends and innovations in building façade designs". KR Suresh, Regional Director, Axis Façades moderated the first panel discussion on ‘Trends and Innovations in Building Façade Designs’ and gave the chance to the dignitaries to ask their questions. The panelists included George Verghese, Associate Director, RSP; Swati Puchalapalli, Founding Partner & Director, Terra Viridis; Sameer Chaturvedi, Head - Architectural Design, GMR Hyderabad; Madhusudhan Karatgi, Senior Associate Director, CBRE South Asia; Asadullah Khan, Design Director, Genesis Planners and Aditya Thota, Head - Sales, FunderMax India. The third session began with a presentation by Sridhar Gopisetti, Managing Director, Team One


Managing Director, Priedemann Façade Experts



The first panel discussion on ‘Trends and Innovations in Building Façade Designs’

India. He gave his presentation on “Emerging trends in façade design and technology for high-rise buildings”. He was followed by Micha Pawelka, Managing Director, Priedemann Façade Experts, who spoke on “The misconception about value engineering - if this headache be avoided?” He also discussed

about “The value of engineering, and process integration vs. belated value diminution”. The next topic of discussion was ‘Correct application and design considerations for fire compartmentation in façade’, which was presented by KR Suresh, Regional Director, Axis Façades and Sreenivas Narayanan, General

The conference gives a platform to the companies in the façade and fenestration industry to network with the other professionals


Regional Director, Axis Façades


General Manager - UAE, India & Oceania, Siderise Group

Regd. Off: 6/103, Mittal Industrial Estate, Andheri-Kurla Road, Andheri (E), Mumbai - 400 059, Maharashtra, India. Ph.: 91-22-4204-4204 | E-mail: osakarubber@vsnl.com

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The conference was complimented by the exhibition of many newly launched products by various brands



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Marketing Manager - India, Gujarat Guardian

Manager - UAE, India & Oceania, Siderise Group. Sourabh Kankar, Marketing Manager - India, Gujarat Guardian spoke about “GGL go-to solution provider and innovations in glass”. He also presented his case study on one of the most exclusive, demanding, risky, creative and efficient projects executed by Guardian SunGuard. Malvinder Singh Rooprai, Technical Consultant - Asia Pacific Region, Kuraray discussed on the topics including ‘What’s inside the laminated glass’, explaining the types of interlayers, how to select the right interlayer and evolving standards on laminated glass. The last session of the conference saw the presentation by Dhurgai Kumaran, Director - Architecture, FHD Group. He delivered his presentation on Negotiating boundaries with climate, function


VP - Design & Engineering, Glass Wall Systems





& structure. Rahul Miskeen, VP - Design & Engineering, Glass Wall Systems spoke about Changing the approach of emerging India towards enveloping of buildings’. The conference ended with a panel discussion on "Façade Value Engineering: Managing the Process and Limiting the Risk" moderated by Suhel Kachwala, Managing Director, FG Glass. The panellists included Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Managing Director, Design Haaus; Arul Prakash, Project Head, K Raheja; Kalyan Khetana, Design Director, Phoenix PMC; N Venkatesh, Design Head – Architectural, Aurobindo Realty; Anandkumar Patil, GM - Projects, Synergy Property Development Services and PSLN Rao, Director, Active Green Windows. The sponsors included: Schüco, Glass Wall Systems, Allarch,

Siderise, Dow, Fundermax, Global Aluminium, Kinlong, McCoy, Trosifol, Serge Ferrari, etc. Novum was the agenda partner and Window & Façade magazine was the media partner of the Zak World of Façade conference. Zak World of Façades - a one day conference, brings all the professionals with architectural, construction and engineering background together to discuss the latest trends in the façade industry. The conference gives a platform to the companies in the façade and fenestration industry to network with the other professionals and learn new technologies. In its last 62 editions, Zak World of Façades has attracted over 25000 delegates. The conference was complimented by the exhibition of many newly launched products by various brands.

Technical Consultant - Asia Pacific Region, Kuraray

Director - Architecture, FHD Group

The 2nd panel discussion on ‘Façade value engineering managing the process and limiting the risk moderated’ by Suhel Kachwala

Solar Faรงades

W a llvis io n B. V . ( T he N e the rla nd s ) in p a rtne rs hip w ith SunG la z ing , H yd e ra b a d

WALLVISION B.V. 2.76, Sectie-C, Daalakkersweg 16, 5641 JA Eindhoven, Netherlands Cell (India): +91-9962453554 Email: shamir@zigzagsolar.com Website: www.zigzagsolar.com

SUN GLAZING Office: 601, Aditya West end, No-12, Umanagar, Greenlands, Hyderabad-500016. Telangana, India Tel: +91-40-23400438 Cell: +91-9849333011 Email: madhu@sunglazing.com Website: www.sunglazing.com


Soudal Announces Two Foreign Acquisitions


oudal Group has announced two foreign acquisitions - local foam producer Profflex in Russia and local distributor Seal Systems in Ireland. Profflex is one of the leading local producers of PU foam for the professional home market. The company has a turnover of 15 million euro and employs 70 people. This acquisition will help Soudal in strengthening its position in the Eastern European market. Dirk Coorevits, Managing Director Soudal said, “Russia is one of the biggest and most important PU foam markets worldwide. This investment in a leading local brand and manufacturer shows our commitment to grow our position in the Russian market, and strengthens our leadership in the region.”

The Seal System, acquired in Ireland, has been the exclusive local Soudal distributor for 30 years. The acquisition is part of the strategy of being present with local branches and completes the Soudal branches network throughout Europe. In the case of both acquisitions,

the employment in the companies remains unchanged and the current management will stay at the helm. This allows Soudal to maximally profit from the specific local strengths of the acquired companies. Profflex and Seal Systems will be the 66th and 67th branches in the Soudal Group.

reputed architect and her career has spanned decades devoted to design. She has undertaken awardwinning works that have covered all large prototypes of town planning, buildings and interiors in all parts of India. Her contributions include creating award-winning designs, authoring and publishing technical papers, architectural education, conservation, women’s rights and nation-building. She has also dedicated herself to several social causes and charity

projects including building noonmeal centers, schools for the underprivileged and Tsunami housing projects. Conceptualised and hosted by the Singapore-headquartered Business Excellence & Research Group Pte Ltd (BERG), the event is a part of a continuing initiative to create a regional platform under the aegis of the Women Icons Network to recognise women achievers and leaders across South & South-East Asia.

Dr. Ponni Concessao Wins the 2019 Women Icons Asia Award


r. Ponni Concessao of Oscar & Ponni Architects was honoured with the 2019 Women Icons Asia award at a function hosted in Singapore on May 2019. She was one among a total of 12 women achievers from across India, Malaysia, Indonesia & Singapore representing a diverse category of professions & sectors who were recognised at the 3rd edition of the Women Icons Asia Summit & Awards. Architect Ponni Concessao is a




South Delhi Municipal Corporation Revises Standard Façade Control Regulations


he South Delhi Municipal Corporation has revised

the standard façade control regulations for shops in order to

World Façade Market to Reach USD 376 Bn by 2026


he worldwide façade market is projected to grow with a CAGR of 7.8% to reach USD 376 billion by



2026. Owing to the need to bring down the cost incurred in heating and cooling down the buildings,

maintain an aesthetically pleasing environment in market. The new norms will be especially important for reconstruction of shop plots as well as shops-cum-residences that want to avail of enhanced FAR benefits in accordance with the master plan amendments notified last year. According to the new standards, the shops will use frosted opaque glass in light blue colour for façades. However, the owners will be at liberty to decide inner planning and design of a plot. The revised regulation also includes that the shop shutters are to be painted in silver colour. All plastered walls and columns in verandas should have beige colour finish while the wall above the ground floor should have aluminum composite panel cladding of maroonish-red colour. Further, glazing for the façade should be of toughened glass and the width of the show window must be in accordance with that of the shop, leaving a four-inch-wide glass-door entry. and for achieving power efficiency, the market for façades is gaining traction. The ventilated façades market has the largest market share owing to factors such as heat ventilation and soundproofing. On the other hand, basic materials such as glass and aluminium are favoured in the market due to availability, lightweight and cost. Composite materials are also being adopted in the market and are expected to push the market during the forecast period. There has been an increasing demand for green buildings and structures and government from many countries are focusing on building these green structures. The Asia Pacific is estimated to dominate the global façades market over the forecast years and North America, Europe region shows signs of growth potential.


High Quality uPVC & Aluminium Doors and Windows by LKLS


KLS, a manufacturer of a wide array of products including uPVC doors, uPVC windows and aluminum doors with the international profiles like Aluplast and Reynaers, was founded in 2003. The company primarily deals with the fabrication of steel works and engaged into interior & façade glazing designing and execution. The company has state-of-the-art manufacturing facility (area 14,000 Sq ft.) in Manesar, Gurgaon to cater market demands. In 2011, the company established its own brand to cater the Indian market with the high performance uPVC & aluminium doors and windows. The company’s products not only gives a face-lift to any room, but also provides an antidote against fire, noise, dust, rain, pollution, rust and energy efficiency to make them ideal for Indian living conditions. LKLS has been consistently contributing significantly in the uplift of the Indian living standards with 100% customer satisfaction. Its vision is to be the world’s no. 1 company without compromising in the quality. LKLS offers following products and services: • UPVC doors & windows • Aluplast German/International

system • Aluminium doors & windows • LKLS series - Indian system (customised design and development services) • International system Reynaers Gulf Extrusion (Dubai), etc. • Fixed window, openable window - Side & top hung, doors, casement, sliding, lift & slide, tilt & turn, slim system, glass to glass joint façades & French doors • Structural glazing - Unitised & semi-unitised (3 & 4 barrier systems) • Stick curtain wall glazing • ACP cladding - Canopy, dead wall, pergola, etc. • Zinc composite cladding • Spider & patch fitting glazing - Entrance, canopy, skylights, etc. • Customised aluminum louvers

COMPLETED PROJECTS The company has completed many landmark projects, includes: Vipul Belmonte at Gurgaon (doors & windows work), West End mall at Ludhiana (Architect Jaiswal works), aluminium work at GBU Greater Noida (structural glazing), Sports & Recreational Stadium at Noida (CW glazing, patch doors &

aluminium doors, windows, etc.), International Home Deco Park at Noida (structural glazing) and Unitech Business Park Tower-B at Gurgaon (curtain wall glazing). The company has also done an uPVC door & window, SS railing works for Purvanchal Projects Ltd., Greater Noida, glazing and cladding works for Adventure Island at Rohini, Tivoli Farm House at Satbari (Reynaers door & window system) and HT House. ONGOING PROJECTS Our ongoing projects are: Supernova at Noida, Amangani at Rewari and Vegas Mall at Dwarka.

Supertech Supernova mall: Astralis Tower is an iconic commercial project and it is new benchmark for sustainable skyscrapers located at sector 94 Noida, the entire façade works till 29th floor around 20000 Sq m semi-unitised glazing work is in completion stage. Supertech Supernova: East and West tower is an iconic residential project, it is new benchmark for sustainable skyscrapers located at sector 94 Noida, the entire uPVC door works till 39th floor of 12000 Sq m work till 44th floor semiunitised glazing with ACP coping is in completion stage. We also deal in retail works. For more details, contact: helpdesk@lkls.in, priyayadav@lkls.in or +91 124 2290464, 2290465, 9599599897.




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Acoustic Insulation

Weather Resistance

/// evolutionDrive: 60



Operations: SALAMANDER WINDOW & DOOR SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED Gat No. 147, Shed No. 03, Village: Chakan-Mahalunge, Tal: Khed, Dist: Pune - 410 501, India info.india@sip.de


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Wind Resistance


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Window & Facade Magazine - May/June 2019 Issue  

F & F Media and Publications Window & Facade Magazine (WFM) is a technical journal published by F & F Media and Publications.

Window & Facade Magazine - May/June 2019 Issue  

F & F Media and Publications Window & Facade Magazine (WFM) is a technical journal published by F & F Media and Publications.

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