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www.wfm.co.in Volume 4 | Issue 4 | ` 150 March - April 2018

Cladding Choices Architectural cladding systems & their performance considerations

Fire Safety

Facade Perimeter Firestop System Need of the Hour

Tech Talk

21 Century Software Solutions for Door, Window & Faรงade Industry st

Face to Face

Dikshu C Kukreja Principal Architect, CP Kukreja Architects


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Volume 4 I Issue 4 March - April 2018

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Published by F & F Media and Publications Pvt. Ltd. C-55, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase - 1, New Delhi-110 020 T: +91-11-40623356 Co-Founders Syed Ahad Ahmed Amit Malhotra Technical Panel Mahesh Arumugam Director Meinhardt Façade Consultants KR Suresh Regional Director  xis Façade Consulting A Editorial R  enu Rajaram renu@wfm.co.in +91 9312864830 Potshangbam July july@wfm.co.in Design & Concept by: Prashant Kumar Marketing & Operations Kapil Girotra kapil@wfm.co.in +91 9560925255 Subscription & Circulation Lipi Sahai lipi@wfm.co.in +91 9871151112 Mukesh Kumar mukesh@wfm.co.in +91 9560088995 RNI: DELENG/2014/57870

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Adaptive, Sustainable Urban Façades A holistic design approach to different design elements of a building façade

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Lighting the Façade: New Age Real Estate Discussing the most essential aspects of façade lighting

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Importance of Performance Testing for Well-Designed Building Façade Ensuring structurally safe and energy efficient designs for facades

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21st Century Software Solutions for Door, Window & Façade Industry On amazing programming tools that can manage range of business processes

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Facade Perimeter Firestop System Need of the Hour Restricting growth of fire at the perimeter void itself

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Industry Speaks Interview: Prakash Lohia, Managing Director, Merino Group

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Cover Story - Cladding Choices On the advancement in cladding technologies & materials, fire tests and fire performance

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Face to Face Interview: Dikshu C Kukreja, Principal Architect, CP Kukreja Architects (CPKA)

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Project Watch • Brick Curtain House, Surat, Gujarat • Betasoft ITES Building, Mohali • Pool Yard House, Panchkula, Haryana • Martin’s, Panchkula, Haryana

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Post Event Report • Zak World of Windows, Chennai • McCoy Annual Day Celebrations • ‘Confluence 2018’ by FunderMax • UWDMA Events

Cover Courtesy: Diamond Metal Screens Pvt.Ltd.

DISCLAIMER: With regret we wish to say that publishers cannot be held responsible or liable for error or omission contained in this publication. The opinions and views contained in this publication are not necessarily those of the publishers. Readers are advised to seek expert advice before acting on any information contained in this publication which are very generic in nature. The Magazine does not accept responsibility for the accuracy of claims made by advertisers. The ownership of trademarks is acknowledged. No part of this publication or any part of the contents thereof may be reproduced in any form or context without the permission of publishers in writing. WRITE TO THE EDITOR Please address your suggestions to: The Editor, Window & Façade Magazine, C55, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase – 1, New Delhi, 110020 or email renu@wfm.co.in. Please provide your full name and address, stating clearly if you do not wish us to print them. Alternatively log on to www.wfm.co.in and air your views. The opinions expressed in this section are of particular individuals and are in no way a reflection of the publisher’s views. “Printed and Published by Amit Malhotra on behalf of M/s F & F Media and Publications Pvt.Ltd. Printed and published at Thomson Press India Ltd., B-315, Okhla Industrial Area Phase 1, New Delhi. Name of the Editor-Ms. Renu Rajaram”

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WFM  l  March - April 2018


A word from the co-founders Dear Readers, It gives us immense pleasure to release our 22nd edition, having completed almost 4 years with the Window and Façade Magazine. As first time publishers, we have learnt loads and are continuing to learn as we keep developing the business of writing great content, real content, industry news updates from around the world alongside with bringing together the manufacturers with best in class products from around the world. Our journey into the façade and fenestration industry is almost two decades old. Our companies have contributed significantly to this industry in terms of products manufactured by McCoy Group Companies and the wonderful and industry focused events and shows organized worldwide by Zak. And as our journey continues in India, Zak shows the way with the ‘World of Facades’ now in more than 15 countries worldwide. With this major initiative from the above and having built our editorial cum marketing/ market research team across countries, we are pleased to announce that 2018 will bring together some news for our readers and professionals worldwide. We will be introducing our Middle East edition covering the entire Middle East region and also the edition for South East Asia from Singapore by September 2018. Our teams are working on the same to bring the best content and news about the façade and fenestration industry from these regions as well. All of this would have not happened without the support from all our sponsors, advertisers, contributors, professionals, our vendors, printers and suppliers, and most importantly, the fantastic and brilliant editorial and sales/marketing teams within the Window and Façade Magazine and back support from McCoy and Zak teams. Thank you and Happy Reading! Amit Malhotra and Syed Ahad Ahmed.

Amit Malhotra Leader McCoy Group of Companies

Syed Ahad Ahmed, Director Zak Exhibitions & Conferences Pte Ltd

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Green Talk

Infosys office, Mangalore

Adaptive, Urban Façades Sustainable

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ccording to the United Nations, more than one half of world population now lives in urban areas. Urbanisation is increasing in all countries of the world. It is known that there is a clear link between urbanisation and environment. This is evident from the fact that cities have high demand for resources and have higher pollution levels compared to rural areas. So, it is important to ensure the new infrastructure, especially buildings are environmentally sustainable. Buildings account for one-third of global energy use, and significantly high carbon emissions. Considering the fact that a large fraction of buildings is going to be built in the coming years globally, it becomes

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imperative to follow sustainable building design strategies to minimise the environmental footprint. Buildings need to be designed in the right way from the concept stage to achieve high efficiency and minimal cost. Air conditioning accounts for nearly half of the energy consumption in a typical office building. The building façade can contribute to anywhere between 20-50 per cent to the air conditioning energy consumption in a building. This means the building façade accounts for 10-25 per cent of the total building energy consumption and is one of the single biggest contributors. So, a careful design of building façade is necessary to ensure an efficient building. Façade is the outer skin of the building that acts as a barrier between

WFM  l  March - April 2018

the interior and exterior. The primary purpose of the façade is to protect the occupants from outdoor weather conditions, and provide a comfortable living or working space. There are a few points the design team needs to discuss with all stakeholders and be clear about before finalising the façade of a building. All stakeholders of the building need to understand that design of the façade cannot be an independent activity. It has to be a holistic design approach where the impact of different design elements of the building (including façade) is studied in relation to each other and on the comfort of occupants and total building energy consumption. Most importantly, the façade needs to adapt to the local climatic conditions to effectively serve its purpose.


Green Talk 1. Form Vs Function It is often a designer’s dream to have a building that has a unique language/character. It is incorrect to conceive the form of the building/ building façade without studying the functional aspects. While requirements like heating or cooling depend on the climate of the location, requirements like natural light, views, etc. are dependent on the functionality of the spaces inside the building. The designer may come up with a fully glazed façade, which may be good for cold climates that need to welcome the sun inside the building for most of the year, but may be disastrous for tropical climates that require cooling for most of the year. The functionality of the building with respect to occupants should be more important than the design from outside. There may not be much sense in having a fully glazed building that may look appealing and “futuristic” from outside, but people inside experience problems of glare and thermal discomfort. So, while designing a building façade, though it is important to have an aesthetic appeal on the exterior, what matters most is the comfort of the people living or working inside. So, the priority in design should always be function over form. Creative

designers can find several ways to balance function and form by having appropriate orientation, window-wall ratio, shading, insulation and right material selection. 2. Ease of Installation Vs Essentials In the building industry globally, any decision on approval of projects takes a long time, at the leisure of the management, but once the approval is given, there is an unfathomable hurry to get the project completed. This actually results in compromising on essential aspects like safety, energy efficiency, poor detailing of several building elements, cutting corners to make installation easier and quicker, etc. Installation of façade is a one-time process for a building, and if done in the right way ensures safety and sustainability of the façade for the life of the building. Safety should be of prime importance while designing a façade in terms of structural safety as well as fire safety. Structural safety can be ensured through right design calculations and specifying the right material for the job. Fire safety requires right detailing to ensure there is no possibility of a fire hazard, appropriate use of fire retardant material and isolation of any combustible material, more so in case of high-rise buildings. An example to learn from is the unfortunate fire in a London building

a few months ago. It was shocking to know that a fire that presumably started in a fourth floor kitchen could burn almost the entire façade on all sides of the 24-storey building. The façade material was suspected as one of the main causes for fire to spread and some investigations pointed to cavities in the façade system leading to the fire spreading quickly. So, right detailing and selection of material is essential for ensuring fire safety. Another essential aspect – sustainability needs to be considered to ensure the building façade is efficient and contributes to low operating costs for the lifetime of the building. Insulating the walls and roof, high performance glass and shading for windows should be integrated with the regular façade construction so as to maintain ease of construction, and at the same time reduce the requirement for lighting and air conditioning during operation of the building. In high-rise buildings where introduction of exterior shading elements might be a challenge, one option is to consider a double façade that can act as a ventilated façade as well as achieve the effect of shading. All it needs is a small effort from the project team to ensure safety and sustainability of the building façade. So, the priority in design should always be essential over ease of installation. 3. Cost Vs Benefit Cost always plays a critical role in decision making for any building project. Introduction of any element like insulation, shading, etc. on the façade is treated as an additional cost that requires justification.

Infosys office at Bengaluru (M&C Building) – A LEED Platinum rated project and among the first in India to use radiant panels based on cooling technology


Green Talk Table-1: Performance parameters of Infosys buildings Performance metric

Infosys design 2007-08

Infosys new Improvement design

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Total building energy consumption (EPI*)

200 kWh/sq m/ year

75 kWh/sq m/year

62%

2

Lighting design

1.2 W/sq ft

0.48 W/sq ft

60%

3

Air-conditioning design (Reduction in heat load)

350 sq ft per TR

750 sq ft per TR

53%

4

Total building electrical design

6.5 W/sq ft

3.5 W/sq ft

46% *Energy Performance Index

But if the cost details are studied holistically for the entire project rather than façade alone, then in most of the cases, one would end up with no additional cost for the overall project. The benefit of adding insulation and shading on the façade is actually seen in the air conditioning capacity reduction, which also leads to reduced electricity demand and lower capacity electrical systems. In some cases, an efficient façade reduces the cost of air conditioning and electrical systems to an extent that there is an effective reduction in the overall project cost. Case Study - Infosys Buildings The office buildings of Infosys over the last nine years have followed a holistic design approach and have set benchmarks for energy efficiency. Prior to 2008, the energy performance index (EPI) of Infosys buildings used to be about 200 kWh/sq m per annum. Through a focused approach to energy efficiency, the new designs from 2008 onwards included a very efficient façade, innovative lighting and air conditioning design and automation, as a result of which the EPI has been reduced to 75 kWh/sq m per annum. The new buildings

of Infosys are 60 per cent more efficient compared to older designs with no extra capital cost. Efficient façade was the single biggest contributor to achieving high performance buildings. Infosys moved away from glass buildings to rightly designed buildings with optimum window-wall ratio that ensures minimum heat gain but adequate natural light. The data given in table-1 shows the reduction in critical operational parameters as well as those affecting capital cost. 53 per cent lesser air-conditioning capacity meant a huge reduction in capital cost of air conditioning as well as electrical equipment. Infosys buildings demonstrate clearly the advantages of adaptive sustainable facades on overall building performance and capital costs. It is wise for the project teams to weigh the benefits and make a smart choice of façade adapting to each situation, so that future urbanisation is less harmful to the environment.

Infosys office building at Mysore

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GuRuPRAKASH SASTRY

Regional Head – Infrastructure & Green Initiatives, Infosys

About the Author: Guruprakash Sastry, Regional Head of Infrastructure & Green Initiatives at Infosys, is a green building professional with over 12 years of experience. Responsible for ensuring sustainability in new infrastructure across all Infosys campuses. He has played a pivotal role in implementing innovative building technologies, setting new standards in sustainability and achieving some of the most aggressive targets for the company. Infosys is today a global leader in environmental sustainability.


4/56, Somanur Road, Muthugounden Pudur, Sulur, Coimbatore 641 406 TamilNadu, India Mobile 98422 08890 Email : profiles@simta.com / ganesh@simta.com, Web : www.simta.co.in


Façade Lighting

Lighting the Façade: New Age Real Estate

Façade lighting - Police Commissionerate, Jaipur

Façades Vis-à-Vis Architecture The fascia of building - be it modern or historic - is one of the most essential aspects of architectural design, governing factors from the ingrained identity of a building to the designer’s first impression on both the inhabitants and visitors. In the modern architectural world, façades have become an important showcase of technology, branding, identity for owners, designers and building

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developers alike. New materials, advanced detailing and versatile possibilities are adding fuel to the fire in the dynamic world of BIM driven buildings. Also, the competition to design a better and unique façade is also building up not only in India, but globally as well. Taller, grander and complicated the façade is, the more popular the building becomes. However, it is important to note that

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the night visibility of the building façade is also becoming important nowadays. Such efforts enhance the image of the city which has a rippling effect on the overall lifestyle and visibility of the city. Façade lighting thus has an important role in building a world-class city. The benefit of façade lighting can be seen in all types of buildings – whether old or new.


Façade Lighting Light and Architecture Light and architecture are inseparable virtues of built and unbuilt spaces. Light is of decisive importance in experiencing architecture, as one cannot experience form without lighting. Many great architects have underlined this intertwined relationship through theories and real projects including Le Corbusier, Louis Kahn, B V Doshi, Raj Rewal, Charles Correa and many more. Much has been published in this regard and cannot be emphasised more.

Illumination of tensile facades - JN Stadium, New Delhi

Façade Lighting – Introduction & Need With unprecedented urbanisation and most of the global GDP growth taking place in the world’s top cities, more and more municipalities are investing in lighting to make their cities more livable by creating vibrant urban activity at night. New lighting on building structures can ● create unforgettable visual experiences ● increase pride of residents ● attract tourists and ● drive commerce

Alliance Building in Callao Square Edificio, Spain

Around the world, many large structures are being impressively lit in creative and artistic ways to stand out, building unique and strong identities for them. Making these structures dynamic help them become part of our lives and can define a location, a city or a brand. It can also influence how we respond to a place and our emotional connection to it. And now with the flexibility of remote programming, this lighting can change almost instantaneously, keeping a brand fresh or a destination

compelling. This can help attract tourism and drive commerce. The safer and welcoming a city feels, the more citizens and visitors will enjoy it. Lighting creates exciting spaces, making people spend more time there, eating, drinking and taking in the sights. Using beautiful, energy-efficient lighting to create vibrant social spaces can also have a dramatic effect on a city’s reputation. It enhances tourism and nightlife, generating valuable income for hotels, restaurants, bars and shops. Hence the city becomes a more attractive destination for people and businesses. An investment in lighting that practically pays for itself. Over the last twenty years, architectural lighting has become more than simply a means of ensuring security and visibility. It is regarded as an essential component of city planning and development and an excellent way to reveal the heritage and identity of a city, whatever the size. Architectural lighting can give a city a nighttime beauty that matches its daytime image. By altering the urban landscape, the relationship between the citizens and their city can be redefined and their living environment can be enhanced.

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Façade Lighting Design Considerations Lighting effects range from enhancing and highlighting façade elements, to totally transforming the face of a building. Multiple factors affect lighting design and this article attempts to bring the same perspective to designers who wish to attempt the same. Façade lighting design involves two key approaches, not necessarily in that order a. What to Light? b. How to Light? a. What to Light? It is not necessary to light the whole façade, but to light the most significant areas of the façade, i.e., where the most impact can be created. This is determined by finding out the major viewpoints of the façade from the context – both macro and micro. It is recommended to review the areas of the façade that have the least view blockage due to trees, neighbouring buildings, etc. and maximum impact to viewers. These viewers can be vehicles waiting at an adjacent traffic light, or people waiting at the entrance

and exit of a building, immediate public plazas, or if for high-rises, the people in a larger context. Having water bodies in the periphery can enhance the lighting effect by reflecting it. The peripheral illumination around a building can cause the lighting effect to diminish. Hence it is advised to choose the darker parts of the façade, for e.g. the upper parts and move away from prevalent and ambient street lighting. Also lighting fixtures and effects should also be positioned in such a way that they do not cause glare to viewers. The design style of the façade can determine what elements (like columns, windows, spires, sunshades, etc.) to illuminate. For example, a building having a specific pattern of solidity and void, through a colonnade in the façade, the columns can be highlighted to highlight this pattern at night. b. How to Light? Any design activity involves a triggering ‘intent’ of design, or the story behind the design intervention. It is important to adjudge the intent

of façade lighting. This concept then governs every design decision and answers questions like what mood to create, what style of lighting to choose, etc. Identify, it should be based on the larger context for which the structure is famous for, and what kind of spaces and people it caters to. Also determine how your building can add to this image of the city, as a landmark and a point of attraction. The typology of the building is a major factor for intent of the design. A retail space can be activated by an extravagant and celebrative style of lighting, an office tower can become an icon and a landmark in the city through dynamic and far-reaching lighting style, while a hospitality building can be made more welcoming through lighting. The original building design and concept can be upheld through lighting design as it enhances elements in a façade. It is recommended to carefully identify if the façade has a unique style, rhythms, patterns, symmetry, scale, balance, contrast and mood of the space which can be highlighted through lighting.

Design Observations The following are the general considerations and precautions one must keep in mind while designing the lighting for a building façade. On the basis of the specific conditions of each lighting project, some of these considerations can gain more importance while others can be neglected.

Kırıkkale Nur Mosque, Turkey

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● Height of the building/elements – This represents the actual height of the lit surface. ● Position of light source – To be practically located, owing to vandalism and maintenance possibility. Also proximity to people as well camouflaging techniques are important pointers here.


Façade Lighting ● Width of the building/elements – This has impact on number of light sources and beam angles to be chosen. ● Façade material-texture, reflectance, colour – This is a strong clue to choose the overall lighting strategy apart from the scale of the structure. ● Peripheral light in immediate context – It is important to take

note of existing ambient lighting in the surroundings. ● Weight of the light fixture ● Avoid light pollution - Façade should not be excessively lit. Carefully choose what elements to be lit. Need to design façade lighting for the most viewed/most prominent sections of façade with least peripheral light.

AR. ASHISH BaHaL

Façade lighting of County Hall, London

About the Author:

Lighting Techniques Prevalent lighting techniques of today include ● Direct View – The fixtures are placed on the façade to be seen. E.g. Media façade – recommended for glazed façades. ● Grazing – The fixtures are placed very close to the façade with high illumination at the base and receding with the height – highly recommended for textured façades.

● Washing – The fixtures are placed little away from the façade uniformly washing the façade – recommended for specular finished and flat façades. ● Accentuating – The fixtures are placed very close to create dramatic effects, especially for columns, openings, etc. ● Flooding – The fixtures are placed far from the façade with uniform illumination of the façade. Hence termed floodlighting.

Conclusion Façade lighting is not rocket science, but needs a focused and sensitive approach towards the intent. A little bit of practice and experimentation can bear great results and generate high return on investments in this rare category of lighting especially in Indian context.

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Lead – Architect Programme & Creative Design, Faculty, Philips Lighting Academy

Personally, I feel this genre has not been explored to its full potential and much more can be achieved by young designers in coming future. We would try to showcase a variety of contexts, architecture and façade lighting response in further articles through case studies.

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Ashish Bahal is a professional with Bachelor’s Degree in Architecture (SPA Delhi, 2001) with over 16-year qualitative experience in design, construction management in interiors, buildings, real estate, industrial and development sector. He has a diverse and unique work experience as an entrepreneur, architect, interior designer, project manager, development expert and technical marketer with demonstrated ability to focus on technologies, interiors, infrastructure, social development, networking, habitat, construction, lighting and architecture. He works for Philips as part of Lead- Architect Programme & Creative Design, and brings green design and creative approach to Philips Lighting. He is also a faculty at Philips Lighting Academy.


Façade Safety

Dynamic water penetration test

Importance of Performance

Testing for Well-Designed Building Façade

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s more and more Indians travel around the world they are exposed to the cutting edge technology used in modern buildings which exist in different countries and they notice the use of latest to make them unique and iconic. Some of these appear to defy the laws of gravity and science. Architects who have been involved in creating and execution of these unique projects have not just focused on the design aspects of the building but have gone through extraordinary lengths to ensure that the performance of the products used in these projects are tested thoroughly for safety and performance during its lifetime. India is now fast catching up with the other developed nations in all the other aspects of development and is leapfrogging into the future with rapid growth of its cities and towns. The pressure to build taller and more efficient structures and make the maximum use of available space

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WFM  l  March - April 2018

exists in almost all Indian tier 1 cities. Therefore with the construction of such tall structures comes the need to ensure that every component that goes into the structure is tested thoroughly to ensure that it performs to the desired specification. The inherent difficulty in replacing damaged or underperforming product once it is installed in high rise buildings is quite obvious as it involves a lot of expenditure. Sometimes, it is virtually impossible to carry out any repairs due to non-availability of access and the residents of the building will have to live with the problem for the rest of the lifetime of that building. When it comes to facades of buildings, the consultant or architect responsible for the project needs to ensure that the façade is just not aesthetically pleasing but also structurally safe and energy efficient. The design should incorporate adequate features to ensure easy accessibility to the façade for regular maintenance and repairs in future.


Façade Safety Provisions also have to be made to comply with the regulations laid down by the fire department for emergency evacuation in the event of a fire. When all these factors are considered before the final façade design is approved, it is important that all the calculations for structural

Mock up sample curtain wall on which the tests are done

stability, energy efficiency and water penetration have been done based on certain realistic assumptions. Since the possibility to rectify or replace the façade once it is installed is near impossible, every care should be taken to test the mock up sample for extreme conditions and make the

necessary corrections even before they are installed to ensure that its performance matches the design criteria. The role of independent performance and fire testing labs has gained importance in the last few years to do just that i.e. simulating weather conditions as per the design criteria and putting the mock up sample through a series of tried and tested procedures to validate the theoretical assumptions used during design. Once a mock up sample is tested to the specified conditions and certified, the design, quality of fabrication and installation methods can be safely assumed to deliver the value it is expected to provide. After the testing at the laboratory, the approval is given to façade contractor to begin installation of the façade at site. To ensure that the quality of fabrication and installation continues to be in line with the approved process onsite water testing as per AAMA501.2 is recommended. A third party independent lab would conduct onsite water testing at random locations on the façade, as decided by the consultant and the entire process of testing is recorded on video for future reference. Any failure in the water penetration test at site would result in the work executed until then being reviewed and retested to ensure that there are no surprises after the project is handed over to the owner after completion. Many testing specifications have been designed to test the facades over the last few decades. ASTM, AAMA and ASNZ are few of the standards consultants use to ensure that the facades perform to the required specifications. All the above mentioned standards are well recognised across the world and ensure that the final quality of the façade is matching its potential. Given below is a typical specification for a façade which covers all kinds of performances expected of a well designed façade.

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Façade Safety

Transducer positioned on the glass facade during the tests

Air infiltration test

Performance of Typical PMU Specification

testing testing

Prototype Testing Sequence 1. Pre-load: Positive pressure 50 percent of design loading held for 10 seconds 2. Open & close cycle: Vents to be unlocked, opened and closed, and locked fifty (50) times Another on-site test being performed

3. Air infiltration to ASTM E283: a. Positive static pressure: 300 pa, negative static pressure -300 pa b. Frame leakage to be less than 0.02 m3/min/m2(excluding vents) c. Vent Leakage to be less than 0.0232 m3/min/m of vent perimeter

g. The source of water leakage shall be identified 5. Dynamic water penetration test to AAMA 501.1:

4. Static water penetration test to ASTM E331: a. Water flow rate -3.4 liters/min/ m2 (over whole specimen) b. Simultaneous static pressure -1.0 Kpa c. Duration of testing -15 minutes d. No uncontrolled leaking is permitted. The water is contained and drained to the exterior e. No wetting of visible surfaces f. No staining of other damage to the completed building

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a. AS/NZ 4284 - cyclic testing for Wp = 1.5 Kpa is permitted instead of AAMA 501.1 provided that the correct testing equipment is used and that blowers have sufficient capacity to cycle the air pressure in 3 to 5 seconds b. No uncontrolled leaking is permitted. The water is contained and drained to the exterior c. No wetting of visible surfaces is permitted d. No staining of other damage

to the completed building is permitted e. The source of water leakage shall be identified 6. Structural performance test: Uniform structural load test ad design load per ASTM E330: a. Positive pressure: 50 and 100 percent of design pressure load b. Negative pressure: 50 and 100 percent of design suction load c. All pressures to be for 10 seconds, after releasing the pressure (returning back to zero), need to wait at least 1 minute before taking the residual deflection reading d. Residual net deflections to be less than span/1000


Façade Safety 7. Seismic test as per AAMA 501.4: a. To be applied on mind - height support beam b. Horizontal displacement to be of 10mm unless higher value is specified by the structural engineer c. To be applied 3 times both ways in cycles d. No distortion or visible damage shall occur 8. Repeat static water penetration test to ASTM E331 (As outline above) 9. Structural safety test: Uniform structural load test at proof load per ASTM E330: a. Positive pressure: 75 percent of design load b. Positive pressure: 150 percent of design load c. Negative pressure: 75 percent of design load d. Negative pressure: 150 percent of design load e. All pressure to be held for 10 seconds 10. A BMU tie back shall be tested in all directions (for value of loads to be applied, refer to the relevant section of this specification). A static pressure of 0.5 Kpa shall be applied for the duration of the testing.

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The tie back shall not fail, exhibit permanent distortion or interfere with the performance of the curtain wall and related seals. 11. Degradation testing: If deemed necessary by project architect or facade consultant, on completion of the structural testing, a further series of water penetration test shall be undertaken with portions of various gaskets and sealant beads removed on each test assembly. The purpose of such testing is it to simulate the effects of degradation and failure of such seals and is carried out for information only. Once the process of testing is completed all the parties involved in the design and execution of a façade would get the satisfaction of having completed a project which is safe and energy efficient. A façade forms a very vital role in giving a building character and any failure in the performance of this vital element will result in enormous pain and loss to the owners and residents of the project. So in conclusion all parties involved need to recognise the importance of performance testing and realise that the cost incurred in testing is paid back many times over by the value the developer will derive from a safe and energy efficient façade.

Seismic test WFM  l  March - April 2018

JOTHI RAMALINGAM

Director Winwall Technology India Pvt Ltd

About the Author: Jothi Ramalingam is a Director in Winwall Technology India Pvt Ltd (WTIPL), which is a group company of Winwall Singapore. He has over three decades of experience in the architectural aluminium industry. His expertise ranges from aluminium extrusions, anodizing, powder coating and performance testing. WTIPL is a state-of-theart façade testing facility that conducts tests and certifies facades, doors, windows and skylight for design verification and performance requirement to meet standards.


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Tech Talk

21st Century Software Solutions for Door, Window & Façade Industry

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oftware has changed the way we do business in the 21st century. These amazing programming tools can manage range of business processes right from inquiry stage to site installations. Fenestration companies in India can now benefit from these variety of software available to enhance its business. Fenestration industry software’s can be categorised in two types. To begin with, let’s talk about software which specifically focuses on designing and fabrication of doors, windows and façades; here the profile and the hardware database plays a key role. Then we have ‘Enterprise Resource Planning software’ (also known as ERP systems) which can manage an array of your entire business. ERP

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systems bring all business processes and data on one platform. This not only increases efficiency but provides real time visibility for your fenestration business. Design and Fabrication Software Design and fabrication software are equipped with databases of numerous well-known architectural profile system suppliers in aluminium and uPVC. These easy-to-understand programmes make it possible for users to design door, window and façade in software with choice of profiles, hardware and accessories. The software leads you through the entire design process of fabrication step by step, so you do not miss out on any component. Fenestration companies should consider software’s core features and functionality against their

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Half Moon Street Cork, Ireland, constructed by Duggan Systems Ltd., designed and fabricated with LogiKal® software

business requirements. 21st century design and fabrication software comes with essential features such as ‘material optimisation’ to minimise wastage, project cost analysis, project labour report, bill of quantity, supplier purchase orders, quotation, work order, delivery note and invoice. Some intricate features of design and fabrication software include calculation of U values for energy saving and auto generation of structural analysis report. On the production front, software automatically calculates all the necessary data and transmits machine readable files to your milling and notch machining centres. Most interesting feature in the software is the CAD interface. Most prominent fenestration software comes with an internal CAD interface


Tech Talk which is simple and user-friendly. An easy to understand arrangement of all relevant functions provide you with a ready to use CAD output. For your architects delight, these CAD outputs of door, window and façade show you all the profile elements with hardware as an overall cross-section. Design and fabrication software can prove best fit for SME businesses who want to focus on areas such as design and fabrication. Since these software emphasis on engineering aspects of fenestration business, they commonly do not come with modules like customer resource management, stock management, job tracking and procurement. Doors, Windows & Façade ERP Enterprise Resource Planning systems, commonly known as ERP systems, are a perfect fit for owners who want complete control over their

fenestration business. A bird’s eye view of the entire company which allows managers to precisely monitor and plan business activities much efficiently by using big data to generate various Business Intelligence (BI) reports, and precisely forecasting business events which help managers make faster and timely decisions. In India, fenestrations businesses have invested heavily on enterprise software solutions to monitor and grow their business. The year 2017 saw some prominent fenestration companies investing millions on development and implementation of these ERP systems. A single enterprise software which typically integrates all areas of your business including sales and marketing, customer resource management, project planning, manufacturing, quality assurance, dispatch and site management.

Fenestration ERP systems will typically use a combination of different modules to manage activities and tasks. Most common modules include:1. Customer resource management 2. Document management system 3. Project costing and management 4. Stock and procurement 5. Production planning and tracking 6. Sub-contract management 7. Delivery and transport 8. Site installation 9. After sales In last couple of years, we have seen CEOs taking keen interest in Barcode and RFID Technology. Barcode based tracking is now commonly used in India to maintain stock and inventory.

Kranhaus in Cologne, constructed by Metall- und Elementbau HASKAMP GmbH & Co, designed and fabricated with LogiKal® software

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Tech Talk

View of structure analysis module to adapt the parameters for a static calculation by LogiKal® software

More recently we have seen RFID technology entering the industry mainly to track crucial production stages. Production tracking is core function of the ERP system; a module which allows stakeholders to precisely monitor production of doors, windows and façade. Systems that allow production manager to track a “single product” by creating time stamps of its every production event. A bird’s eye view of software dashboard, can allow managers, and owners to monitor every stage of production live. Automation is the key to ERP system’s success. A software which can increase visibility, grant total business control, increase timely coordination, send advance warnings and alerts, eliminate business redundancies, increase profits, and gain a significant competitive edge on the market place. Configurations, Implementation and Training Fenestration software configuration

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and implementation can be a complicated and challenging, as every company is different, and so are their business processes. Over the years, we have seen significant rise in software acquisition. To invest in a right software is an important decision, but most companies commonly ignore the implication of implementation and training of software. While products based software require less time on implementation, ERP systems need at least a month for completion of this stage. Both implementation and training are crucial stages which cannot be ignored; a buyer needs to consider cost of implementation and training which will easily add about 2030 per cent of software purchase cost. In recent years, most software companies offer additional implementation and training packages whether you are buying bespoke solution or a ready-to-use product

Major modules of an fenestration ERP system by MSBC Group

Trinity Longroom Ireland, constructed by Duggan Systems Ltd, designed and fabricated with LogiKal® software

Sailcity Bremerhaven, constructed by Metall- und Elementbau HASKAMP GmbH & Co. KG, designed and fabricated with LogiKal® software


Tech Talk

KUMAR VARSANI

CEO, MSBC Group, IT industrialist, Technology Expert

About the Author: A true-to-life representations of the elements entered. Profile, hardware, insulating glass, etc. are shown in cross section by LogiKal® software

software. You want to implement the system accurately. Although these packages would add a cost to your software budget, it is of vital importance to implement the software in a defined manner into your business. Software training is another crucial stage where minimal emphasis is given. Training is strongly recommended for staff and stakeholders. A software is worthless if its users do not use it correctly, or to its maximum capability. Latest Technology Trends More recently we have seen a steady rise of bespoke or tailormade fenestration software. Whilst software development, we have seen rise in demand of modules like “LIVE alerts” for customers and business owners through SMS and

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email. Another interesting module we have seen is a dedicated “company messenger” integrated in the ERP for inter-departmental communication; here chats can be linked to LIVE JOBS for internal record. Demand for customised dashboard for each ERP users with their daily tasks, reminders and favourites charts and graphs, are common requests. Recently we have seen more developments on site management areas where business wants software users to measure, snag, track, and report through an “ERP MOBILE APP” from remote site locations. “Human ability to harness data in software systems is now empowering fenestration companies in India to take actionable decisions and offers spurs to boost sales and fulfil customer demands.”

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Kumar Varsani is the founder and CEO of MSBC Group and Qtech365. He is an entrepreneur, IT industrialist, and a technology expert. MSBC Group develops novel and innovative technology platforms, together with a suite of software tools to build, maintain and manage customised enterprise systems that deliver business success. MSBC Group offers breadth and depth of expertise that is unique in fenestration industry landscape through its bespoke ERP Software Solutions, and Sales and Support partner for Orgadata AG who are developers of revolutionary fabrication software “LogiKal”. Varsani and his team of experts devote most of their time on new innovations, and in developing bespoke systems, and are firm believers in the power of technology.


Fire Safety

Facade Perimeter Firestop System

Need of the Hour

restricting its faster spread without relying solely on fire department. Except very few, many of our states do not even recognise firestop systems under their ‘No Objection Certificate’ check parameters. Recent fires in Dubai and the Grenfell Tower fire accident in London raised back the question of façade fire protection again. Luckily for us, the National Building Code of India had also been revised after almost 11 years and this time it also brings forward some good points regarding facade fire safety by restricting its growth at the perimeter void itself.

Fire at First Interstate Bank which started on 12th floor and spread to the 16th floor via unprotected void at the edge of the slab.

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ndia is a developing country and also the second most populous country in the world. Our cities are growing taller and taller and the industry is demanding energy efficient and clean looking systems. Traditional construction in India has always been a brick and mortar type of construction. But since last decade, we are seeing a huge increase in highrise structures with facade systems.

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Every technology and material has its benefits and associated risks. Facade related fire safety risks are one such risk, which are still at premature discussion level and needs a lot more attention. In a practical scenario, we often discuss as to how to respond when a fire occurs. What we often ignore is that how to get such fires contained under one compartment itself and

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Little History In 1988, First Interstate Bank Building in Los Angeles caught fire on the 12th floor extending to the 16th floor in a 62-storey building. "The lack of firestopping between the floor slabs and the skin permitted the fire to spread from floor to floor through this space. Fire was observed spreading through this area even before the glass and mullions failed,” said the Chapman, Elmer F. “HighRise: An Analysis,” Fire Engineering”, August 1988 report. It was identified as per the investigation that the fire was originated on the 12th floor and spread to upper floors via lift shaft and the unprotected opening at the edge of the floor slab and facade system. India has also suffered its share of losses from such high-rise fires. Mantralaya fire and Lotus Business Tower fire in Mumbai are a few examples of such losses, we had seen.


Fire Safety

Fire at Lotus Business Tower, Andheri, Mumbai

There are many examples but through such losses, it was observed how critical it is to address the fire risks associated with facades. There are multiple ways by which fire can grow from the façade and slab assembly point. Each of these paths shall be addressed by evaluating it separately. In India, unfortunately we do not have a specific test standard to evaluate such systems, but internationally there are some standard available from NFPA codes which establishes different requirements for each potential path and address the means to protect the paths or to prevent the spread of fire based on each separate one. During the recent revision of National Building Code of India 2016, perimeter fire stopping was also recommended under clause 3.4.10.2.

hidden from view after construction, and once installed, due to their location, such construction gaps are never inspected or reevaluated unless some major retrofitting comes by. But when such openings are left unprotected, they provide the perfect space for the fire and smoke to spread upwards. Such a spread of fire when reaches to more than one floor also

Why is this so important? To understand this, we have to go back to the basics. As we all know that curtain wall structure is a multi-storey structure where exterior walls are not part of the load bearing structure. As the common construction methodology, the floor slabs are supported by interior beams and columns. And, we mostly encounter a perimeter void typically of the range from two to eight inches between each floor slab and the exterior curtain wall. Perimeter voids are generally

Multiple paths that a fire can take at the edge of the slab opening

weakens the sprinkler system by overtaxing its design criterion and makes it almost impossible to control with available systems. Hence, these openings must be sealed to prevent spread of flames, smoke and toxic gases in case of fire breakout. As with all passive fire protection systems, the intent of sealing the edge of the slab opening with fire and smoke resistant system is to confine fire to its room of origin and prevent its propagation through the floor, ceiling, or walls. With ineffective curtain wall and perimeter void fire protection, fire can spread through the space between floors and walls, through the window head transom and the cavity of the curtain wall, or through broken glass or melted aluminium spandrel panels. The mechanism of fire spread in a curtain wall is primarily through chimney effect, leapfrog effect and poke through effect. Chimney Effect: Chimney effect is attributed to the spread of fire upward through the available openings between the floor slab edge and the curtain wall. Leapfrog Effect: Leapfrog effect is seen in mid- to high-rise building fires where flames blasting out through perimeter windows leaps through the windows above and continue to spread vertically by following similar effect every floor. Poke Through Effect: Poke through effect is where flame and hot gasses penetrate through openings in firerated walls and floor/ceilings ignite combustibles on the other side. Perimeter fire barrier systems are used to resist the interior propagation of fire through the gap between floor and exterior wall for a period equal to the floor’s fire-resistance rating. Additionally, all the building components are subject to various movements such as thermal, wind or seismic. Hence, a building’s perimeter fire barrier system should accommodate various movements,

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Fire Safety

Sealing of edge of the slab opening with tested firestop system

such as those induced by thermal differentials, seismicity and wind loads. Curtain wall design became common in the west in around 40 years ago, but in India it has started to gain huge momentum hardly a decade ago. Inherently, this comes along with multiple risks as well, such as fire and smoke. In India, as such, for now there is no test standard to test and evaluate such system as one to really identify the fire and smoke performance of such systems. However, there is a standard called ASTM 2307 "Fire resistance of perimeter fire barriers using intermediate-scale multi-storey test apparatus" which came in existence

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Fire Safety in 2004 and got widely accepted to test the perimeter firestop systems for facade. The ISMA test simulates fire exposure in a high-rise structure where, as the fire intensifies and positive pressure builds, a fireinduced window breaks occurs, allowing oxygen to feed the flames. The method is meant to simulate a fire in a post-flashover condition in a compartment venting to the exterior. The provisions of ASTM E2307 are intended to restrict the interior vertical passage of flame and hot gases from one floor to another at the location where the floor intersects the exterior wall assembly. Its use is mandated by US building codes, thereby requiring the protection of openings between a floor and an exterior wall assembly to provide the same fire performance as that required for the floor.

Test Sequence: 1. Cycling Test: The test method requires joint systems with movement capabilities to be cycled through the intended range of movement prior to the fire test. The movement cycling is intended to demonstrate the compatibility between the individual components of the joint system and the supporting construction. Joint systems are required to be cycled through the intended movement range 500 or 100 complete movement cycles at a minimum rate of 1, 10 or 30 cycles per minute prior to the fire test. 2. Fire Test: Throughout the fire test, observations are made about the fire and hot gases on the unexposed side of the perimeter fire barrier or any adjacent supporting construction.

The above certificate is from a third-party testing laboratory – UL which highlights the curtain wall system which got successfully tested as per the ASTM E2307 test and given a rating of 2 hours.

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The picture shows the picturisation of the fire test. During the perimeter fire barrier testing, there are two burners which are ignited. Source: International Firestop Council.


Fire Safety After successful completion of the above mentioned tests, following ratings are provided to the entire perimeter fire barrier system per ASTM E2307 Test: • “F”-rating, in hours (resistance to fire spread) • “T”-rating, in hours (temperature on non-fire side) UL provides two additional ratings using same test apparatus • “integrity rating” & “insulation rating” Test result: It is very important to review the test certificate details and verify each detail mentioned in a test certificate and the limitations of the system passed. Conclusion: In Indian scenario

where

we

have traffic issues coupled with longer fire response time, it becomes even more important for all stakeholders starting from building owners, architects, façade consultants, contractors and inspectors to take a justified approach by using only tested systems for protecting the perimeter fire openings. Avoiding or compromising the edge of the slab opening with no or untested system means compromising with the safety of people. Perimeter fire barriers are one of the required systems from the National Building Code of India and it is an effective fire and smoke resistance compartmentation methodology. These technologies are developed and being further innovated to save lives and protect property damage.

BRIJ BHUSHAN SINGH

Fire Protection Codes & Approvals Consultant Hilti

About the Author: Brij Bhushan Singh currently works with Hilti India, headquartered in Gurugram, where he is responsible for overseeing the company's efforts to study and support codes and standards on passive fire protection. Prior to joining Hilti, he was associated with FM Global as Loss Prevention Consultant, and Underwriters Laboratories (UL India Pvt. Ltd) as Conformity Assessment Engineer. He has seven years of experience in fire protection industry in loss prevention and safety evaluations of active and passive fire protection systems. In his career so far, he has worked on various fire protection systems like fire stops, fire doors, fire dampers, sprinkler systems and fire safety risk evaluations. Windsor Tower Fire, Madrid

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Industry Speaks

Innovation is the Key to Global Competitiveness

Classic Convention Centre at Hyderabad, designed by Ar. Ravi Anchuri

PRAKASH LOHIA

Managing Director, Merino Group

Prakash Lohia, Managing Director of the Merino Group, completed his Bachelor of Chemical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, followed by Management Education Programme from IIM, Ahmedabad. Under his leadership, the company’s exclusive panel product range under the interior and the architectural segment of the Merino brand has received global acclamation, thus emerging as India's largest manufacturer and exporter of laminates. The remarkable journey of Merino commenced with the launch of plywood back in 1974. Under Prakash Lohia’s mentorship, the group later expanded its manufacturing dimensions into high-pressure decorative laminates. With the help of his extraordinary technical expertise in the laminate industry and sharp business acumen, coupled with the passion to stay ahead in market trends for innovative and aesthetic exterior surface solutions, Merino has diversified its expanse by recently introducing the distinct range of External Wall Claddings (EWC). Prakash Lohia’s experiential industry adeptness and technology-driven approach has led the Merino brand and its verticals to ascend to amazing heights. He spoke about his vision for the group, the company’s endeavours through modern techniques, state-of-the-art facilities and product innovation in an exclusive interview to WFM.

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Industry Speaks

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lease give us a brief introduction of Merino as a global brand and its inception in India? Merino Group is a Rs. 1200 crore establishment providing décor solutions to consumers for nearly five decades. Built on the ethos of economy, excellence and ethics, Merino Group has strived to provide the consumers with an entire range of products and services that complement the furniture and panelling industry. Over the years, the group has invested time and resources into its R&D so as to bring innovative products to its customers that reflect superior quality while following the current international trends. The Group has also successfully executed a number of CSR projects aimed at creating a positive impact on the lives of the underprivileged sections of our society. The first product launched in 1974 was plywood, and the group then diversified into high-pressure decorative laminates in 1981. Today, it has three units, two in North and one in the western part of India. Currently, Merino holds the distinction of being the largest manufacturer in India and selling under its own brand in 70 plus countries across the globe.

got ISO certification in 1996 as the system driver. Once the system was adopted, we ensured to follow strict ITenabled practices to make it efficient and the entire working was switched to an integrated ERP platform. Merino was the first in the laminates industry to actively participate with BIS for creating a standard for HPL, the first one to get post forming laminates, and also the frontrunner to launch big size – 14x6 ft laminates. We have created a revolution in the restroom industry by launching compact based restroom cubicles in collaboration with Besco from Singapore. We have been instrumental in bringing organised working into practice in this industry. It is because of our state-of- the-art technology that we initially started with 500 sheets per day and today we have reached a remarkable production mark of 50,000 sheets per day. Merino contributes significantly to the organised sector in the panels industry; which is close to 50 percent. Innovation is the key to global competitiveness and Merino has

continuously striven to provide innovative products to compliment the diverse needs of the interior and architectural segment. “Merino” symbolises quality and reliability in terms of both its products and services. The recent launch of Gloss Meister Series is a major success story where we offer mirror-like gloss panels and we are now in the process of launching fingerprint-free matte panels. The External Wall Cladding, an endurable weatherproof protector, is all set to act as a guardian for exterior surfaces. What are the product categories offered by Merino? The Merino’s uniqueness and strength lie in its core objective to continuously offer new products keeping pace with international trends and market demand. Over the years, Merino has been an innovator of quality products which have been increasingly appreciated and well-received by the architects and interior designers by complementing their creative needs. Today, we can proudly call ourselves

How long have you been in this business and in the Indian market? Merino Group has completed 50 years of presence in the industry. Today, we are one of the top brands in the Indian laminate industry and have a strong footprint in the global arena. Tell us briefly about your journey with Merino over the years. Also, share about your major success stories over the decades in India. Merino Group has always been the innovator and has added several benchmarks in this industry to its credit, all of them firstly launched by the group. We are driven by our constant efforts to maintain economy, excellence and ethics in all our businesses and with this thought, we

Façade renovation of the residence of Harish Suri, Punjabi Bagh, Delhi

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Industry Speaks as one stop surface solution provider in the surface industry, offering a wide range of surface products starting from laminates, specialty laminates, compacts, pre-laminated boards, internal and external wall claddings, solid surfaces, PU acrylic coated panels, flooring, valueadded compact products like Merino restroom cubicles, lockers and many more.

How do you see the façade industry evolving in India? The world is moving towards dynamic façades with endless aesthetic possibilities, which helps to manage energy sources and supports in energy saving techniques by reducing weather loads and new ventilation technology. Also, the traditional products like stone,

aluminium composite are not enough to take care of the creative need of today’s architecture as there is a continuous demand of the industry to provide exterior building design

Please tell us about your company facilities and infrastructure? Our manufacturing units are located in north, west and south India to ensure minimum logistics of delivery across the country. We have a production capacity of 50 million sq m per annum for decorative laminates in the interior segment with our manufacturing facilities in Rohad (Haryana) and Hapur (UP) and new facilities in Dahej (Gujarat) and Hosur (Tamil Nadu). We have committed ourselves to uphold the highest manufacturing standards, a practice that has earned all our facilities pertinent certifications that include ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001.

T. Sridhar Reddy's residence at Hyderabad, designed by APSE Designs

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SNN Raj Spiritua, Bangalore; Designed by Space Mast


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Industry Speaks material which can provide features of both appearance and performance together. The industry needs products which take care of extreme Indian climate, dust, humidity, pollution, and aesthetics. Merino Armour External Wall Cladding (EWC) range adds to the sustainability, along with the creativity of the building by offering a wide design range and the possibility of perforation of various shapes and sizes, offering an unimaginable product to fulfil the quest of industrial designers.

What has been your or your organisation’s contribution in bringing about the current revolution in the façade cladding sector? Merino has always been offering innovative products in this segment. Taking this forward, we have offered brand Armour, which is Merino’s exclusive exterior wall cladding solution, present in the market since last three years. In adherence to the international quality standards, our offered cladding is dully tested on various quality parameters and is armoured against all types of extreme weather conditions prevailing across India. Moreover, our EWC sets a benchmark in the industry as our

Roshni Bangalow - a project by Ar. Alkesh Gangwal at Aurangabad

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cladding is one of the best products in this category, with a unique ventilation technology where an additional high UV absorbing capacity layer enriched with Poly Urethane (PU) and acrylic is added. EWC is also fire retardant. Please tell us about few of your iconic and innovative projects? As far as EWC is concerned, we have a long list of successful sites where results have been delivered. Apart from the product, we have some very innovative in-house projects that add value to our offerings. We, as a socially responsible and credible corporate, always focus on achieving innovation in our ongoing projects, be it product or manufacturing. We would like to share a few of our iconic approaches towards projects that are driven by our philosophy of protecting the environment. Our Hapur plant runs totally on green energy. Rice husk and sawdust are used as fuel to produce highpressure steam to take care of electrical and heating needs. Further, electrical energy requirements are augmented through rooftop solar panels and biogas produced through anaerobic treatment of effluents from food processing plants. We are currently in process of setting up five-megawatt solar plants for our unit in Haryana. The objective is to reuse all the effluent water. This makes the entire process ‘zero discharge’. A novel technique to treat industrial effluent with very efficient bacterial technology has been successfully commissioned for the first time in India. Besides the development of "Green Belts" inside our premises, reduction of water consumption to half from 1,300 KL to 600 KL per day and installation of rainwater harvesting facilities to recharge water double the amount consumed is a part of our commitment to achieving environmental sustainability. Merino’s sustained CSR initiatives focus on improving healthcare by helping in eradication of tuberculosis, promoting primary education along with a mid-day meal programme and


No. A-103, Delphi A Wing, Hiranandani Business Park, Powai, Mumbai 400 076

Sri Harsha


Industry Speaks

A project by Ar Yamini Dhingra, Design Passion, Bengaluru - showcasing innovative cladding & patio design

empowering women by their ‘Learn to Earn’ programme. As per your view, how important is the role of right cladding in achieving system performance, optimum acoustic and thermal insulation as well as in achieving the desired aesthetics? As the product serves at the outdoor and replaces many traditional ways of protecting exteriors, it must outperform the biggest challenge of exterior surfaces, which is achieving maximum thermal insulation with the right balance of aesthetics. Merino Armour Wall Cladding is a star performer when it comes to this parameter as it has to its credit a special energy saving system, through which air can ventilate between the subsets during installation, which aids absorption of excessive heat, moisture, resulting in an average 20 percent reduction in energy consumption by retaining indoor room temperature. Also, the insulation remains corrosion free. As far as aesthetics are concerned, there is an eclectic range of diverse designs and colours to choose from:

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A project designed by APSE Designs showcasing innovative cladding

be it woodgrain, patterns or solids ranges and all are weather, pollution, corrosion resistant and termite free. How well aware do you think the decision makers are in general about the availability of the cladding products, its functionality, and categories? And how do they gauge the effectivity of the same? As far as B2B decision makers are concerned, they are well aware of the cladding products available in the industry, and we are constantly deriving new ways to showcase the USP's of our products. Our successful EWC project sites across India speak aloud for itself in the industry to relevant decision makers like the architect and interior designer fraternity. The end user, who is the extended client of our B2B influencers, is fairly aware of the EWC functionality. Due to newly emerging trends of exteriors, this product category needs to be explained to the end customer vis-àvis other traditional products. Moreover, there is a constant challenge in positioning EWC as a better replacement to the traditional

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ways of doing exteriors which could be stone, paint or tiles. The cladding offers many advantages as it is durable, tough and aesthetic in terms of protection against all weathers, UV rays, climatic shock, corrosions, termites, moisture, impact, abrasions, graffiti; it is also easy and quick to install and has energy-saving techniques. Gradually, EWC is carving a niche for itself amongst the B2C decision makers too. What is the emphasis laid on R&D, especially for the Indian market? Merino lays special emphasis on R&D because the introduction of new products is the key benchmark for the group. We are continuously working with international partners to bring in the most modern technologies and products in the market. All our manufacturing facilities have dedicated labs focused on development through sustained improvement and new innovation. What do you foresee are the main challenges faced by the wooden laminate industry? The industry needs to get more


Industry Speaks organised as the end consumer is still not aware of the benefits of the laminate which is way beyond aesthetics. The industry collaboratively has to work towards educating the end customer on empathising how the product is more economical and environmentalfriendly. Tell us about your channel expansion strategies in the market. We have a strong, widely spread channel partner network, some of them working with us since Merino's inception. The group has focused on ensuring on-time and full deliveries to the customer as per their order requirement for which special initiatives to improve the supply chain has been made. We are also working with our channel partners in opening

an organised gallery and exclusive display centres in 2018. Another strategy taken by the company is to expand the channel and to work with the carpenters. What keeps the company ahead of its competitors in terms of services offered? Our organised and well-planned methodology of working, stringent quality certifications, more than five decades of association with the channel network and design fraternity, our outstanding product quality and services and not to forget our extensive design range, all these features keep us ahead and leading players in the industry. We offer an extensive array of surface solutions under one roof and

our supply initiative keeps us ahead of the competition in terms of services. Also, our constant endeavour is to maintain a strong connection with our customers in highlighting the new technology or product offerings from Merino. One of it is a recently opened Merino Experience Centre which provides aesthetical, technical and commercial exhibition and guidance under one roof. How do you see the façade and fenestration industry evolving over the next five years? Façade industry’s biggest challenge lies in making it energy-efficient and environmentally sustainable. Merino Armour EWC offers natural insulation, which makes it more environmentally sustainable and commercially viable

Front view of the residence of T. Sridhar Reddy, designed by APSE Designs

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Industry Speaks when it comes to saving energy and cost. Design range for finishes is also limitless. The trend of decoration has shifted to the exterior surfaces of the house along with protection measures, compared to conventional times where the customer used to have maximum expectations from the interiors of the house in terms of aesthetics. Also in the B2B segment, professionals and designers want to achieve an attractive outer look which gives the project its own uniquely marvellous identity. EWC offers unmatched design range, with the possibility of using different shapes and forms using perforation thereby, giving the exteriors a striking look. For example, we usually refer to some iconic sites with their unusual exterior look recall as 'the red square house’ or ‘the triangular shaped building’, etc. EWC has a huge role in defining the new trends in the exterior planning of various projects and allowing the architect and design fraternity to play with their creative instincts thus, taking the facade industry to the next level in the upcoming years.

Jain International Residential School, another project by Merino

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Project SNN Raj Grandeur - Bangalore


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The New Fischer DUOPOWER

– An Innovative Solution

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or almost 68 years, fischer has garnered a widespread reputation for designing, engineering and building innovative fixing solutions. The company has its presence in 33 countries with 42 subsidiaries, production locations in seven countries and over 1,500 industrial property rights internationally. The company offers a wide range of fastening solutions in the fields of chemical resins, steel and nylon, covering a very broad application spectrum in the construction industry. The introduction of the DUOPOWER is one of the most important product

Spreading

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launches from fischer. The company is closely associated with plastic fixings, one reason why fischer is committed to placing this new product in the market. The DUOPOWER is made up of two different materials and is the only plastic fixing in the market with a spreading, folding and knotting function. Depending on use and base material, the intelligent fixing decides in favour of the best possible function. The intelligent fixing solution combines maximum strength with ultimate load capacity. The connection of the components creates a greater expansion volume and a substantially

Folding

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Knotting

higher load absorption capacity. One soft and one hard component deliver the best possible match between turn-in and tightening torque. The product has won many prestigious awards including the gold German Design Award 2018 as best product in the “Workshop and Tools” category, and the pro-K Award, an annual prize given by the industrial association of the same name honouring plastic products. DUOPOWER Advantages at a Glance: • Two material components for even more applications and top load values in solid and hollow building material • Intelligent self-activating functioning depending on the substrate. For a wide range of applications. • Best possible feedback (feelgood factor) of the plug. You can feel exactly when the plug is installed perfectly. • No annoying rotation of the plug in the drill hole during the installation, thanks to the pronounced rotation protection. • The smooth running opening enables an easy activation of the screw and a safe installation into the screw channel. • The longer versions have additional "bite" in problematical building materials.

Fischer Building Materials India Pvt Ltd Prestige Garnet, No. 36, Ulsoor Main Road, Unit No. 401, 4th Floor, Bangalore, Karnataka, India - 560042. Phone: 080 - 41511991/2/3 Fax: 080 - 41511989


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ladding hoices

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Cover Story

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ver the years cladding industry has been going through a sea change. Along with a flood of innovative materials and designs introduced in the market, we see the advancement in technologies in application as well. As per a research report ‘Grand View Research, Inc.’, the global cladding market is expected to reach USD 111.1 billion by 2025 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 2.6 per cent from 2017 to 2025. The increasing construction spending and the development of more efficient building technologies using automated production and installation processes is expected to foster industry growth. Stringent green building regulations and codes such

as the LEED certification, and growing demand for energy efficiency in project exteriors, especially for key construction industry participants, including architects and designers, are encouraging investments in lightweight and energyefficient exterior panels in commercial as well as residential buildings. Choice of cladding has a significant effect on the environmental performance of a building. We spoke to several experts in the construction sector, including architects, façade consultants, manufacturers of cladding materials and builders on the advancement in cladding sector, the newest in cladding technologies & materials, fire tests and fire performance of external cladding systems. Here is what experts have to say about the latest in the industry.

Vadodara Airport designed by Creative Group

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Cover Story

AMIT SHaH

Managing Director, Classic Marble Company

Godrej One, Mumbai; Picture courtesy- Aluplex

Purpose of Cladding

RaCHHPaL KaNwaR

GM – Exterior Cladding and Cubicles, Stylam Industries

UPENDRa WaLINJKaR

Director, Aluvision Facade Solutions Pvt Ltd.

ALHaD PaTIL

Technical Director Diamond Metal Screens

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Cladding serves many purposes, including creating a controlled internal environment, protecting the building from external conditions, preventing the transmission of sound, for providing thermal insulation and improving appearance of buildings, among other things, says Amit Shah, Managing Director, Classic Marble Company. Cladding maintains privacy and security of exteriors, provides access to ventilation and hygienic environment and prevent the spread of fire. Basically, its properties like termite resistance, waterproofing nature, environmental friendliness, and their wide range of colours & designs make cladding a trend, notes Rachhpal Kanwar, General Manager – Exterior Cladding and Cubicles, Stylam Industries. The main functions of any cladding are to provide enclosed area which will provide protection from all-weather condition like rains, wind, cyclone; also the safety of inhabitants is major concern while designing a cladding system. According to Upendra Walinjkar, Director, Aluvision Façade Solutions Pvt Ltd., all these can only be achieved with very good structural and system design. Alhad Patil, Technical Director, Diamond Metal Screens, observes that exterior cladding, especially perforated metal façades, plays an important role

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on the structural aspects of the building. Being generally light weight in nature – due to perforations, they add minimal weight/sq m to the building, while adding a host of advantages such as ventilation, sun screening and more importantly dissipating heat absorbed structurally through the aluminium second skin. According to Akash Saini, Director, Notion Flooring, cladding not only provides protection but also enhances the architectural concept and appearance of the building. Its impermeable and porous material helps to absorb water during rainfall and completely keep out the rain infiltration and keep buildings secure and safe. Purpose of cladding: • Create a controlled centralised environment • Protect the architecture from alien conditions • Prevent the transmission of sound • Provide thermal insulation • Create an external façade • Prevent the spread of fire • Generate an 'airtight' architecture envelope for building • Provide openings for access, lights and ventilation (Source: Century Ply)


Cover Story Structural Cladding

Roles

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Cladding, even though essentially the nonstructural secondary surface attached to the primary structural surface of the building, has a fitting effect structurally on the building, points out Prof. Charanjit S Shah, Founding Principal, Creative Group. Though it is merged with the primary face of the structure, it does not contribute to the stability on the whole. Regardless, it does play a structural role transferring wind loads, impact loads and its own weight back to the structure which implies that ample amount of strength is required both within the cladding system and its joineries for the primary face to ensure that it does not crumble under wind load pressures. Walinjkar too agrees with this statement. According to Rohan Keswani, Director, Aluplex India Pvt Ltd, curtainwalls and cladding materials are designed and engineered to withstand wind loads based on the topography and geometry of the building, the deadloads of the curtainwall, the live loads imposed, seismic loads and thermal loads, whilst also accounting for loads imposed on the cladding due to building movements such as column shortening and creep movement. The cladding is designed to limit the deflections of the cladding framework and infill panels within serviceability limits, as desired. More importantly, design and engineering checks are carried out to ensure that the

stresses within the façade elements are limited to the yield stress to ensure that there is no permanent deformation of the materials. Further, the framing members of the cladding are designed, engineered and checked to ensure that there is no buckling caused by the compression loads imposed in the axial direction (Euler Buckling), as well as, the compression loads imposed due to bending (by lateral torsional bending). In explicit, wind causes positive and negative pressure on the surface of buildings and cladding should have ample strength and stiffness to resist this load, each in terms of the types of cladding chosen and its connections back to the structure, explains Rajendra Shah, General Manager - New Age Products, Century Ply. Cladding can help to reduce mechanical and electrical energy needs, and so enhance electricity efficiency and lower the running costs, he adds.

Key Factors to be Considered While Designing and Selecting Materials for Cladding

AKasH SaINI

Director, Notion Flooring

PROF. CHaRaNJIT S SHaH Founding Principal, Creative Group

Cladding of any building requires engineering characteristics, should be aesthetically appealing, and should comply with visuals, says Rajan Govind, Director & Façade Specialist, BES Consultants Pvt Ltd. Selection of material depends on factors like the architectural intent of the

ROHaN KEswaNI

Director, Aluplex India Pvt Ltd

RaJENDRa SHaH Curved Metal cladding in a project by BES Consultants

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GM - New Age Products, Century Ply


Cover Story

RaJaN GOVIND

Director & Façade Specialist, BES Consultants Pvt Ltd

SHaBBIR KaNCHwaLa Senior Vice President, K Raheja Corp.

AR. GuRPREET SHaH Principal Architect, Creative Group

DEVEsH KuMaR, Sr. Manager – GICS & Technical Support, Aludecor Lamination Pvt. Ltd.

designer, types & properties of the product, the loading factors at desired location and elevation angles, adds Shabbir Kanchwala, Senior Vice President, K Raheja Corp. In today’s context, choosing the right cladding system is essential to bringing in the environmental impact of the building down in a future context as façade construction accounts for almost 35 per cent of the building costs, adds Ar. Gurpreet Shah, Principal Architect, Creative Group. A few other factors that might be essential to the selection of materials for the cladding system should be – usage type of the building, internal and external conditions, durability, local context, planning requirements, accessibility and buildability, appearance, availability, budget, maintenance requirements as well as the structural requirements. According to Devesh Kumar, Sr. Manager – GICS & Technical Support, Aludecor Lamination Pvt. Ltd., in addition to the above points, the key factors for selecting the material for cladding are its ability to withstand wind load and fire ratings of the product. Factors like building height, seismic conditions and required product size too decide the type of cladding, adds Julie Etavard, Business Development Manager (in charge of India market), Terreal. Consideration of wind factor is important for selecting the thickness of the cladding, says Patil. Open areas decides the ventilation factor. The structural framing design of the panel is imperative for withstanding static and other dynamic structural loads. The material grade and coating decides its life span, preventing corrosion. According to Patil, the best choices are aluminium (marine grade – 5xxx series) considering saline environment, and Stainless steel 304 grade, though they are expensive but long lasting. According to Keswani, the key factors to be considered while designing and selecting materials for cladding are structural performance, corrosion resistance, water tightness, air permeability, thermal resistance (by conduction/convection/ radiation), aesthetic intent and artistic finish, and reduction in carbon footprint.

JuLIE ETaVaRD, Business

Development Manager (in charge of India market), Terreal

Points to consider while designing and material selection: • External and internal conditions • Use of the building • Resilience, strength and durability • Fire resistance • Planning and requirements • Building regulation requirements • Accessibility and buildability • Aesthetics • Availability & budget • Maintenance requirements • Structural requirements • Control of air leakage • Integrity and continuity of Insulation • Prevention of water penetration or provision of drainage • Control of thermal movement • Ease of installation • External attachments and fixings (Inputs by Rajendra Shah, General Manager - New Age Products, Century Ply)

Sukhdeo College of Business Studies, Delhi; a project by Aludecor

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Cover Story The Best Suited Products Considering Indian Climatic Conditions The Indian weather ranges from tropical in the south to temperate in the centre to Alpine climates in the North. So depending on the region, the choice in cladding materials could vary. Indian climatic conditions

require any façade materials to be of external grade that could withstand harsh conditions like hot and humid weather, and also highly durable on wet and dry climates, observes Rajan Govind. Market is flooded with traditional materials (brick, stones, wood) to the most innovative ones like Corian, Hi-Macs (an acrylic solid surface), Cor-Ten steel, etc., most common products used being wood,

metal, brick, vinyl, and laminates. According to Keswani, the most suited cladding materials are those with low emissivity which reduces heat losses by radiation. He adds that in temperate climates, the primary heat transfer method is conduction and thus, the most suited cladding materials are those with low thermal conductivity, thus we use materials such as thermally broken aluminium profiles as well as double glazed units. Considering Indian climatic conditions, explains Walinjkar, one need to choose cladding having following properties: • Resistance to corrosion: Materials shall be having high corrosion resistance like aluminium, steel and they should be properly treated with hot dip galvanizing and epoxy or PU paint. • Cleaning and maintenance: We must know the cleaning cycle of the external building envelope while selecting cladding. (If cleaning cycles are not regular then we need to select material which will attract less dust and with minimum horizontal surfaces as architectural features, flush seal systems must be avoided, non-bleeding sealants need to be used for weather proofing of system, etc.)

A project by CMC using Techlam- Steel Corten

Metal cladding with lights - a project by BES Consultants

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Cover Story

A project by Diamond Metal Screen, showcasing interesting metal cladding

Walinjkar suggests glass, aluminium solid sheet, aluminium composite panels (FR grade A2), natural stones, terracotta, pressure laminates (HPL), copper cladding, zinc cladding, fibre cement board cladding, Corian cladding, GFRC etc. as best suited cladding materials. There are varieties of cladding materials/systems used these days. It’s quite difficult to distinguish them from one another and numerous methods for installation too, says Rajendra Shah. The most suitable products are those which do not contain any hazardous substances like ash or asbestos. According to him, the best suited are fibre cement board (FCB) & fibre cement panels. However, the all-weather cladding material popularly opted in the country are engineered marble and porcelain tiles, points out Amit Shah. Saini chooses wooden cladding and waterproof aluminium cladding as the best suited products. Unlike the traditional cladding, they both can be easily fixed in the least amount of time, is exceptionally durable, lightweight and maintenance free, weather, moisture, and UV resistant as well as eco-friendly cladding. These materials do not rot, warp, peel or fade and is even impervious to insects, adds Saini. It is also one of the pleasant materials that

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neither gets too hot or nor too cold, maintaining the stability regardless of the external conditions. Further, stone and ceramic materials are also used in the cladding that provides earthy effect and also eco-friendly, helping the overall performance of the building. Architects from Creative Group suggest terracotta panels as the most suitable cladding material since they are durable, resistant, requires minimal maintenance, thermally insulated and aesthetically providing another dimension to the building. “Our highly intensive tropical climate calls for more measures towards ‘green cladding’ that will be able to add more years to the life of the building,” adds Charanjit Shah. Julie Etavard too emphasises that terracotta cladding is compatible and excellent for Indian climate conditions. Terracotta panels have low-thermal diffusivity; it contributes to a stable and comfortable indoor temperature during the day and night. Its ventilated system allows air to circulate throughout the panels (joints are not sealed) and cool down the whole facade. Also, they are fired over 1000 degrees celsius resulting to have fixed colours which will not fade over time and which are UV resistant. Pollution and acid rain are not damaging the products and they are maintenance free. Clay is a natural and inert material; meaning through its natural property, it keeps the heat received during the day and release it when it’s cooler during the night, helping to control the temperature inside, she adds. To ensure the cladding accustoms itself to the geographical climate, products like Mangalore roofing tiles

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A project by Stylam Industries

Wooden cladding - a project by Notion Flooring

or exterior stone finish that can be sourced from the local region and is abundantly available, are the best bet, suggests Kanchwala. HPL (High Pressure Laminate) is the best for exterior cladding, says Kanwar, as it can be exposed to combined action of sunlight and atmospheric agents including rain, hail or wind deposits. These are not affected by thermal shocks and have the ability to withstand extreme climate changes. Further, it reduces the amount of water that is absorbed and provides protection against chemical or air pollution.

Role of Cladding in Controlling the Internal Environment The primary functions of cladding is to split the indoor environment of a building from the outside in such a way that the outdoor environment will not affect the indoors. It is also best for regulating the light penetration and controlling the radiation and conduction of heat from the sun, and prevents interiors from getting faded and dull. Additionally, sunshades and louvred panels allow for reflected light


Cover Story to enter the building that enhances the comfort, rather than direct sunlight. Gurpreet Shah emphasises that the cladding is like a thermal layer to minimise heat gain/winter frost gain. If installed correctly with proper vapour cavities and ideally using climate favouring cladding materials with adequate insulation, the thermal mass can be rightly reduced, which in turn would make the internal environment of a structure very pleasant with little or no requirement for mechanical measures to regulate the temperatures inside. Adding to this, Kanchwala points out that designs like filler slabs, double roof, cavity walls, composite walls, and shadings also help insulate buildings. Contrary to the above comment of Gurpreet Shah, Rajan Govind observes that for Indian climatic conditions, insulations do not necessarily add significant benefits (except in very hot regions). Insulated cladding will benefit in reducing heat loads only for very hot climates, notes Govind. Furthermore, such cladding is majorly used on walls in front of shear wall or beam/column

locations. He also points out that any cladding system should be equipped with ventilated rain screen principle, so that the cladding system will have an extended life and lesser risk of corrosion and damage. A façade which is ventilated and insulated can save up to 70 percent energy costs for heating or cooling the building. Cladding of a building ensures that the internal temperatures are maintained at ideal levels, reducing both the cost burden of HVAC and impact on the ecology, states Amit Shah. Another point mentioned by him is the protection from water permeation. Many parts of the country experience heavy rains and cladding serves as a coat which reduces the infiltration of water into the primary structure.

Acoustic Performance The acoustic performance of the cladding depends upon the substrate behind the cladding which may vary

Guwahati data centre - Terreal terracotta panels are used for cladding

as per the thickness of the wall and constructions, says Amit Shah. Devesh Kumar adds that insulated façade provides better sound absorption. According to Rajendra Shah, the isolation of noise is excellently achieved with partitions which are airtight, large and resilient. The use of the resilient pad prevents transfer of sound originating inside the structure to outdoor, vertically through the cladding members, he adds. Deviating from the above views on the acoustical properties, Gurpreet Shah points out that cladding necessarily does not provide adequate sound insulation with the exception of brick (a high mass, high thickness system). The level of acoustic attenuation of the cladding material is decided based on the type of external and internal environment, with respect to the frequencies and amplitude of the ambient noise and sounds. Laminated double glazed units having a varying glass thickness, with acoustic PVB is the best choice for acoustics, states Keswani.

Cladding for Better Thermal Insulation and Effective Ventilation

A project by Aluvision Facade Solutions, showcasing innovative cladding

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Facades are designed with passive and active ventilation, such as double skinned facades that allow the warm air to rise, and exhausted from the void between the two skins, explains Keswani. Additionally, for high-rise buildings where windows cannot be opened due to high wind pressures, passive ventilators are the solution, which can be opened and closed.


Cover Story This allows for air circulation through the façade without the need to open the window. Rear ventilated facade concept is quite popular and helps saving energy costs, while increasing the lifespan of building sustainability, spots Kanwar. He warns that poor design, detailing or installation may compromise cladding’s performance and can result in safety problems like cladding collapse or cladding panels pulling away from the structure. One should pay particular attention towards control of air leakage, thermal movement, condensation, integrity and continuity of insulation, prevention of water penetration, maintenance, resilience, etc., while selecting or designing cladding to gain effective results in both thermal insulation and effective ventilation. The cladding assembly can control the radiation and conduction of heat. Cladding is made from a low conductive material to stop localised condensation on interior surfaces. It eliminates thermal bridges and controls/stabilises the desired degree of the conduction of heat into and out of the building. Prof. Charanjit Shah too states that the integration of thermal insulation with the cladding system (the most common insulation materials being mineral wood and polystyrene), forms a closed insulation envelope which helps to eliminate thermal bridges. The ventilated air gap between

2 layers of fire resistant plasterboard Mineral wool insulation Sheathing board

Rigid insulation board

Vertical rail fixed to C section

The cladding assembly can be considered as a closed insulation envelope; Image courtesy: Creative Group

A project for Adobe, Bangalore, by Aludecor

the primary face and the cladding face is responsible for draining the heat and moisture from outside the building and prevent it from reaching the interiors which regulates thermal insulation to the greatest extent. Composite claddings having insulation with higher R-values (the measure of a material’s resistance to heat flow) can eliminate the need for bulk insulation between the frames in many climates. With effectively designed and efficiently mounted vapour cavities, condensation risk can be reduced or eliminated. Tensile fabric can alternatively be considered as a second cladding layer which provides a facade as well as shading to a structure. With a selection of the better cladding system, says Walinjkar, we can achieve the desired value of thermal insulation. Wide range of products is available with low thermal conductivity (U-value). Widely used curtainwall systems can control the heat transfer from hot external ambient temperature 300C - 450C to an internal ambient temperature of 200C -240C by introducing the barrier of EPDM gaskets for better thermal insulation. Polyamide strips are used to cut the heat flow from either side and provides the best thermal values.

How to achieve desired U-value: ● With the use of Rock wool and mineral glass wool, we can achieve

very good thermal insulation on a spandrel area of facade by increasing overall system U-value. ● Curtainwall claddings support effective ventilation by use of openable vent. With advanced technology we can use active or passive ventilation in the facade, there are development in accessories for openable vent to maintain micro ventilation. Micro ventilation keeps the room well ventilated. ● The double skin facade provides great flexibility for the best combination of U-value and effective ventilation to remove hot air by natural or force ventilation. The skins may be single or double kept 20cm - 100cm. In the application, considering the cross-section of a Trombe wall, says Rajendra Shah, both the insulation values and transparency of the cladding material are of critical considerations, particularly in cooler climates where night time heat loss can offset the daytime heat gain. Trombe walls rely on the combined action of thermal lag of the mass and insulation from the air gap. Unwanted convection is controlled with open able vents at the top and bottom of the wall. Additional insulation can also be gained in cooler climates through the use of double glazing (higher SHGC, lower R-value) or multi-celled polycarbonate (lower SHGC, higher R-value). In India, one of the biggest energy consumption for buildings is its HVAC. Cladding structures ensure

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Cover Story a significant reduction in the HVAC costs while reducing the carbon footprint. A marble clad façade can be made opaque with a set degree of opaqueness which is suited to a given environment. According to Amit Shah, this ensures that the building receives sufficient light while cutting off external noise and air pollution.

Fire Safety Strategies of Cladding Fire safety is the set of practices intended to reduce the destruction caused by fire. Local regulations for safety norms should be followed to achieve desired level of fire safety by use of appropriate materials. Cladding materials play a key role in fire safety, hence it is important to choose the right materials. In lieu of the recent fires that have devastated many a buildings around the world (read. Grenfell Tower Fire) a shocking revelation has emerged, use of substandard cladding panels or an improper installation of the cladding system can undermine the safety of an entire building. Fire safety of cladding need to be

addressed at the selection stage itself and any cladding material should comply with fire retardant characteristics and relevant international standards/local standards if exists. Sometimes, what’s meant to protect the building from the external environmental discomfort might turn out to be the cause that facilitates fire, warns Ar. Gurpreet Shah. It, in turn dissolving other firefighting measures such as fire compartmentation and phased evacuation strategies. We can avoid the loathe of such hazards by ensuring that the cladding systems that have undergone proper fire safety tests and have the highest level of insulation magnitude. Another important point on the checklist is ensuring that the cladding systems are installed properly with proper joineries and fixing details. Fire safety strategies of curtainwalling include the use of firestops and smoke seals to limit the spread of the fire and smoke from floor to floor, points out Keswani. Conventionally, the use of GI sheets with Rockwool Insulation and fire sealants have provided a two hour

Platina, BKC Mumbai - featuring innovative cladding. A project by Aluplex

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Fire strategies can play a major role in the case of any fire hazards. • Surface propagation: The reaction to fire characteristics of the materials used within the external cladding system will affect the rate of fire spread up the building envelope by way of the surface of the external cladding system. By using fire retardant materials in cladding, we can avoid huge fire hazards. • Cavities: Cavities may be incorporated within an external cladding system, or may be formed by the delamination or differential movement of the system in a fire. And this cavity may act as an insulation chamber between internal and external environment. • Fire breakout: Following the initiation of a fire inside the building, if no intervention occurs, the fire may develop to flashover and break out from the room of origin through a window opening or doorway. • Fire re-entry: Cladding system in window and door stops fire re-entry. • Fire service intervention resistance. However, today, there are tested assemblies available from companies (such as Siderise and Hilti) that provide a warranty and certification for the same. Additionally, it is also important that the cladding material should not propagate and are non-combustible so as to limit the spread of fire along the external façade. There is a risk in fire conditions that composite panels are attacked at the joints or the panels suddenly delaminate and the metal facing fall away, thus exposing the combustible core which then intensifies and spreads the fire, observes Rajendra


Cover Story of limited combustibility. Cladding material which is rated for fire safety and fire performance, and those which normally incorporate an insulated core (such as sandwich panels), are apt for containing fire spread in a building, stresses Akash Saini.

Fire Tests and Fire Performance of External Cladding Systems

GRC cladding - A project by BES Consultants

Shah. The sudden increase in fire severity can accelerate the failure of the adjacent panels, so that if a fire does take hold, it can race up or through an entire facade of a building, causing a major hazard to occupants and a major property loss. There is a lot of ambiguity in choosing the right materials due to consideration of inappropriate or inadequate information during procurement. Yes, overall in the industry, there is a significant shift from conventional materials to fire retardant (FR) materials, agrees Kanwar. HPL, even in standard grade, does not burn very well, or rather, do not ignite easily when exposed to flames and contribute relatively low in the event of a full scale fire. Flame

retardant HPL is manufactured with special halogen free additives that make it flame resistant, complying with Standard EDF-(EN 438-6 Fire Retardant). “More technically, fire resistance is the ability to retain the load bearing capacity (R), integrity (E) and insulation (I) properties for a defined period of time and it is useful to use REI properties while constructing buildings,” explains Kanwar. The small-scale reaction test can also be done for cladding materials which provide better knowledge on reaction of materials. It’s also very important to check the products that are used in multi-storied buildings (18m or above) and they must be

A project by Diamond Metal Screens

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The overall fire performance of the system is reliant on the interaction of all the elements used within the cladding system, i.e., rendered insulation, ventilated cavity cladding and built-up systems. There were various tests conducted to check the performance of cladding materials. Talking about the building codes for fire and life safety, Devesh Kumar points out that in India we have National Building Code 2016 in Chapter 4 ‘Fire and Life Safety’, where it is mentioned to use façade with a fire rating of Class 1 in accordance to IS12777 and the material along with assembly to be tested for 2 hours. Kanchwala too agrees that, as per Indian Standard code, the materials shall comply with the requirement of IS 1642 & IS 12777 having flame spread index matching to the requirements. Devesh Kumar further adds that for fire performance test for resistance to fire, first we should have a 2 hour test from ASTM E119 and then the assembly should also pass either NFPA285 or BS8414. For resistance to fire EN13501-1 can test flame, smoke, molten droplets and heat released. The material to be used up to 15m building height should be Class B S1 D0 and above 15 m should be Class A2 S1 D0 in accordance to EN13501-1. BS8414 is one particular test method which was specially developed to demonstrate under a simulated fire in a compartment breaking out of any opening in the external wall, the cladding system will not permit excessive fire spread up the building.


Cover Story Accordingly, each cladding material is rated for fire resistance, elaborates Keswani. However, there are certain suppliers, who provide samples for the test that differ from the material that is actually supplied to the project. Hence, one should ensure that random samples are sent to the test

There are several tests being used globally for cladding materials depending upon the regions and building regulations: • ISO 9705 room test: Products are tested to simulate their end use application, so products which have different end use applications can achieve different classifications. • The single burning item test (EN 13823) measures the spread of flame, heat release, smoke production and the extent of flaming, burning droplets. • The small flame test EN ISO 11925-2 evaluates the ignitability of a product exposed to a small flame ignition source and measures flame distances, the burning time and any flaming droplets or particles generated. • Large scale test • BS 8414 -1: 2002 is the test method for non-load bearing external cladding systems applied to the face of a building. The test determines the comparative burning characteristics of exterior wall assemblies by evaluating the characteristics: - Fire spread over the external surface - Fire spreads internally within the system being tested - Mechanical response, i.e. the degree of distortion. Source: Rajendra Shah, General Manager - New Age Products, Century Ply

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Raipur Airport_Food Court: Tensile fabric forms a second cladding layer. A project by Creative Group

Two available tests for HPL cladding materials: • BS 476: Part 7: 1997 - Class 1 results in this test means the HPL exterior cladding used is of good quality. According to Class 1 test result, the spreading time and extent of fire over the tested panels are very slow. While Class 4 means quick flame spreading. So HPL with class 1 results are safe to use at our homes and buildings. • REI Property – Fire resistance is the ability to retain the load bearing capacity (R), integrity (E) and insulation (I) properties for a defined period of time. In the construction of buildings, this is assessed for finished elements with structural functions (e.g. doors or walls) in which the HPL laminates are just one component. REI 30 or REI 60, here numbers show the time in minutes for which the HPL panels will retain their properties. So higher the numbers in REI properties, good and safer will be the HPL panels. Source: Stylam Industries

laboratory from each batch of material delivered to the project site. If the materials in an external cladding cannot meet limited combustibility requirements, then it is very important to demonstrate compliance with AD B by testing the cladding as a whole and satisfying the performance criteria in BR 135 (As per the guidelines mentioned in the requirements of Building Regulations in the UK, Part B Fire Safety). It is also very important to check the installation and testing of a complete cladding system, which allows materials themselves be combustible with meeting the requirement of BR 135 which helps in maintaining the appropriate safety standards (BR 135 Fire performance of external thermal insulation for walls of multi-storey buildings. 3rd edition BRE (2013).

Apt Cladding PREVENTS Spread of Fire The new concepts, materials and ways that have emerged in the millennial world tends to put aesthetics above safety quite a many times but fails to realise that aesthetic will follow the lead of safety in the long run. A properly tested, installed and maintained cladding can not only provide shelter from external factors, but can also be the reason that the fire never spread to


Cover Story the entire structure and was uprooted at its cause itself. Therefore, the cladding material should not facilitate catching fire at the surface and in worst case scenarios, when it does, it should phase away from the building to prevent fire from spreading to the vicinity thus, successfully preventing a disaster. To decrease the risk of spread of fire through building facades, two options of passive fire protection could be considered, points out Kanwar – by using flame retardant treatments to improve the reaction to fire performance of the cladding material in the entire design and geometry of the façade; and by using How can apt cladding prevent spread of fire in building facades? • Passive fire protection: It consists of slowing down the development of a fire and its rapid spread by using construction material with low flammability and combustibility. • Fire and smoke stop: To stop the spreading of fire between floors, the gap between the building and the cladding system must be treated with 2hrs fire rating and sealant to stop the smoke. • Vertical fire separation: Top stop the spread of fire between two rooms vertical fire separation is a must. The separation shall be done using fire rated material with 2 hours fire rating. • Cladding material: Selection of right material plays a major role in fire safety, there are many projects where lives are lost and lots of destruction happens due to use of wrong cladding materials. Cladding material must have Fr grade A2 class (No significant contribution to fire at any stage of the fire)

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construction elements capable to avoid the contact between the fire plume and the combustible cladding. The first axis of the so-called passive fire protection consists of slowing down the development of a fire and its rapid spread by using construction materials with low flammability and combustibility, explains Rajendra Shah. This measure is related to the reaction to fire of materials such as wall, floor, ceiling and facade claddings as well as materials that are in the vicinity of the exposed surface. Passive fire protection relates to the building’s structure as well as to the building’s finishing and relies on the following principles: ● The use of cladding materials with good reaction-to-fire characteristics, in order to delay the development of an incipient fire. ● The realisation of compartmentation to confine the fire, for a defined period of time, to the compartment in which it started. A high fire resistant cladding material can achieve this to an extent. ● To preserve the load-bearing function of structural elements

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(columns, beams, walls) during the fire, appropriate cladding material selection is important. The key points regarding fire safety are to prevent spreading of smoke and fire in the building. Suitable fire stops and smoke seals play a crucial role in preventing the spreading of fire. Additionally, fire retardant materials are used for external cladding. There is provision for necessary openings for safe evacuation & passage of smoke. The framing which holds the cladding makes it robust and prevents the structure from collapsing during a fire spread.

Infosys Delhi project by Aludecor

The Water Cube Stadium in Beijing, China

Consider the case of ETFE (ethylene tetrafouroethylene) panels at The Water Cube Stadium in Beijing, China. In the said case, the cladding material possesses this amazing property of “selfshrinking” or melting away from the structure, thus The Water Cube Stadium in Beijing, China letting the smoke out and in turn facilitating ventilation during a fire hazard. It is necessary in today’s scenario to consider materials with a low carbon footprint as well as recyclable materials. Always remember the performance in testing relates directly to real fire performance, reminds Saini. So to know how to prevent the spread of fire in building facades, do the test under the simulated whole-room fire in a compartment being emitted from an opening in the external wall, the cladding system will not permit excessive fire spread up the outside of the building.


Cover Story

AMOL PRaBHU

Partner, Shashi Prabhu & Associates (SPA)

“TERRAcOttA CLADDING IS GREAt FOR INDIAN WEAtHER CONDItIONS”

Valiance Hospital by SPA

W

hat

are

the

structural

roles

of

cladding? Depending upon the architectural design of the building, the external cladding can play a significant role in the structural design of a building. The external factors such as high winds and rains play a crucial role in the selection of material for façades and its design. Also, high-rise buildings have a stringent regulatory requirement while designing the façades. Facades could be designed purely as aesthetic elements that are clad superficially on the buildings, or as a full blown structural component integrated with the building structure such as the

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750-seater auditorium that we designed for the Symbiosis University of Applied Sciences, in Indore. What are the key factors to be considered while designing and selecting materials for cladding? Cladding is often prefabricated in panels that are attached to the structural frame of the building. Cladding systems may include additional components such as windows, doors, gutters, roof lights, vents, etc. The nature of cladding selected for a particular building may depend on the internal and external conditions, durability, weather, site context, budget, maintenance, structural requirement, location sensitivity, fire safety, material availability, detailing ability to achieve water tightness,


Cover Story

Symbiosis Auditorium by SPA

cleaning ability, aesthetic quotient. High quality, well designed, properly installed cladding can help maximize thermal performance, minimise air leakage and optimise natural day lighting. This can help reduce the mechanical and electrical burden on a building. What are the best suited products considering the Indian climatic conditions? India has a varied climate depending on the geography, from warm and humid to cold and dry. Therefore, the best suited products could vary from place to place. Terracotta cladding is great for Indian weather conditions. The tiles modulate heat according to climate, their look imparts warmth, they are eco-friendly and a smart alternative to exposed brick masonry. Terracotta cladding is made of natural clay and comes with qualities like high durability, good UV resistance, acoustic resistance and heat insulation.

How can it provide better thermal insulation, at the same time support effective ventilation? The cladding system should include thermal properties by controlling the radiation and conduction of heat. Thermal insulation is achieved with the use of appropriate material and detailing, and effective insulation is achieved through engineered integration of ventilation system into the cladding. Insulation on the inside of external walls is the best solution if insulation from outside is not an option. Even older buildings with listed facades or those worth preserving often have low thermal insulation, which can be improved by more than 60 per cent by internal insulation. Installation is also comparatively cost effective because no scaffolding is required for the building and it can be applied on a room by room basis. Maximum heat can escape through external walls if virtually unchecked. Many buildings are designed with double skin masonry for visual or structural reasons or as protection against extreme weather conditions. The cavity is given an insulating layer so that the cold air between the facing wall and the lining wall does not then cool the internal skin.

What is the role of cladding in controlling the internal environment and acoustics in a building? The cladding system can control the internal environment of the building such as controlling light penetrating into the building, controlling the radiation and conduction of heat from the sun, etc. This is due to the solar gain through the glass panels. The internal temperature can be controlled by three ways. First is by using a deep recessed window in conjunction with external vertical fins. Secondly, by using non-transparent external louvers and thirdly is by using a special solar control glass.

A healthcare project by SPA

Garwar by SPA

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Product Watch

Vertical slider window

Parallel window

Lift & slide door

Encraft Adds Three New Products in Its Door and Window Systems

E

ncraft, a windows company and a flagship company of the DCJ group, has launched its new range of window and door systems specifically designed for the Indian market. These range of window and door systems include lift and slide door, vertical slider and parallel window. The EN 142 lift and slide doors come in frameless side elements and extra-large sizes. Ideal for balcony and terrace, these patio doors are used for large apertures covering 6 meter (wide) by 3 meter (tall), which can be moved quickly without any effort. It comes with double compression seals to protect against

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draft, dust, water and loss of heat, as well as allowing internal glazing options from 4mm single to 36 mm triple. EN 77 vertical slider window is suitable when you have limited window breadth. It has to lift the sash upwards to open and pull downwards to close the window. Apart from easy operation, these windows are meant for great insulation with no possibility of drafts caused by inaccurately shut windows. EN 112 parallel window has frame designed for maximum ventilation, ideal for staircases, landings and offices, maximum sash size 2 m (6.6 feet) wide by 2 m (6.6 feet) tall, weight carrying capacity up to 200 kg per sash, perimeter locking

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device, double compression seals all round, and glazing from 4 to 36 mm. Talking about the new launch, the company stated, "We are excited to launch our new range for the discerning Indian consumer as it has always been Encraft’s endeavour to design windows and doors that suit India's unique requirements. The brand is also expanding its outreach in the country by soon to be announced the launch of its experience, testing and training centre, spreading over 5000 sq ft in New Delhi.” For more details, visit: www.encraft.in


A R T

O F

P R E C I S I O N

ENCRAFT White

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Product Watch

Ozone Introduces ‘Twisted Series of Spider Fittings’ for Frameless Facade

O

zone, one of the leading providers of innovative architectural hardware solutions, has introduced ‘Twisted Series of Spider Fittings’ with an all new look of twisted arms. The new design will impart a smooth look to the frameless glass façade. Its curvilinear design reduces stress concentration at transition points and therefore twisted arm designs have better strength to hold the glass panels. With Twisted Spider fittings, no dome nuts is visible on fin side glass, ensuring a seamless look. These are ideally suited for the maximum fin thickness of 25.52 mm

2-Way Spider Fitting

and for higher thickness of glass, and allen bolts can be changed. These robust fittings are available in PSS finish and made with high tensile SS-316 material to make them more durable, safe and sustainable. This new range are offered from S Series

of premium architectural hardware collection. The range includes the fin spiders in 2-way and 4-way types and wall and ceiling spiders in 1-way & 2-way types. Ozone product range consists architectural glass fittings, door hardware, door control devices, kitchen & furniture fittings, wardrobe sliding door systems, automatic doors and intelligentlocks, movable walls, digital (electronic) safes, digital doorslocks and furniture locks, metal fire safety doors, cleanroom doors, office doors, partition systems and bank security solutions. To know more about Ozone products: Visit at www.ozone-india.com or call customer care at +91 9310012300 or email at ozone@ozone-india.com

Ozone Twisted Spider

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4-Way Spider Fitting


Product Watch

In-house palletizing unit for producing the mineral core sandwiched between the two aluminium panels in an ACP

A Ashok Khurana, Director General (Retd) of CPWD and Independent Director of NBCC India Ltd., who was the chief guest for the event in Delhi, launched the product.

ludecor, one of the pioneers of Aluminium Composite Panels (ACP) in India, launched 3mm fire rated ACP in Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai. Ashok Khurana, Director General (Retd) of CPWD and Independent Director of NBCC India Ltd., who was the chief guest for the event in Delhi on April 16, 2018, launched the product. Rahul Gupta, Operations Director, Exova Warringtonfire, India, who was the special guest, shed light on the importance of fire safety and fire rated

In-house fire testing lab

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materials in today’s construction. ACP is a product that is widely used in India today, not just for commercial exteriors, but for interiors and residential projects too, and 80 per cent of the ACP market in India belongs to 3mm ACP. By bringing affordable 3mm fire rated ACP in the market, the company has played a crucial role in creating a fire-safe society. Making buildings fire-safe has always been a concern. However, fire rating has largely been limited to 4mm ACPs for high-priced projects only. The fire rated 4mm ACP of Aludecor has been very popular with high-rises for a long time. Backed by this infrastructure, the R&D team of Aludecor worked out fire rating for 3mm ACP that can be offered to the market at an affordable price. Providing 2-hour fire resistance, the product controls flame spread and heat release. It suppresses smoke so that visions of people are not blurred while escaping. It does not produce flaming droplets as well. Addressing the dealers in Kolkata, Ashok Kumar Bhaiya, the CMD of Aludecor said that fire rated ACP is a kind of an insurance against fire for buildings. He added that this affordable 3mm FR ACP has been developed entirely in India, at their factory in Haridwar.


Product Watch

Algarve Canvas terrace covering with fixed roof

Renson showcases innovative products at

Fensterbau Frontale 2018

Linarte design wall cladding

R

enson, a European developer and manufacturer of aluminum-based solutions for the building industry, has showcased their innonvative products at the exhibition Fensterbau Frontale 2018 held in Germany. Renson Linarte: The product opens up a new dimension in aesthetic, vertical design wall cladding. For Linarte can be customised in endless ways and it can be combined to produce an eye-catching façade, both indoors and outside. The Linarte profiles of aluminium are mounted onto a horizontal supporting structure at the rear using invisible clips. This

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not only excludes the possibility of distortion by thermal expansion, but it especially means that the profiles – each individually clipped on – can also serve as finishing elements for curved walls. With surface treatment in a RAL colour of your choice or with an anodized finish, a Linart façade is durable, colour-fast and easy to maintain. Renson Algarve Canvas: The new generation of Renson Algarve terrace coverings looks even sleeker; it can be installed almost twice as fast (in analogy to the Camargue) and can now also be furnished with glass and

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Loggia sliding panels. In addition, the Algarve is now available in a fixed roof version. The fixed roof is composed of 2 layers: a strong upper roof of painted, profiled steel plate with anti-condensation layer, and then an aesthetically pleasing lower roof made of stretched screen fabric including the zip technology that has been a hallmark of Renson’s Fixscreen sun protection fabric for years. The screen fabric is held tightly by the structure without visible intermediate beams and is available in 8 colours. Fensterbau Frontale 2020 is an international trade fair of window, door and facade technologies, components, prefabricated units. Meanwhile, Renson was honoured with three more new international awards. The brand new Linarte design façade cladding and the Panovista Max sun protection screen for corner windows have been awarded the Red Dot Product Design label. The user app for the new, smart Healthbox 3.0 ventilation unit won the iF Design Award.


Your partner in ventilation, sun protection and outdoor solutions ‘Creating healthy spaces’, that’s at the heart of RENSON®. This dynamic Belgian family business - founded in 1909 - is a worldwide trendsetter in ventilation, sun protection and terrace coverings. RENSON® creates innovative concepts and products for a healthy and comfortable indoor environment in homes and buildings, with minimal energy use and an attractive design. Invisivent® EVO - The most discrete window ventilator ∫ i-Flux technology guarantees maximal comfort and minimal energy loss ∫ Natural supply of fresh air ∫ Discrete installation on top of the window frame ∫ Water- and insect proof ∫ Optional Polux: electrostatic filter for 10PPM particles

Invisivent ® EVO

THM90EVO PB - Self-regulating window ventilator ∫ Thermally-broken flat vent ∫ Ideal for sliding doors. ∫ Installation at the bottom of the window ∫ Water- and insect proof

THM90EVO PB

THL100 V - Vertical sliding vent ∫ Thermally-broken louvred ventilator ∫ Made to measure, installed in a vertical position ∫ Incoming fresh air at the bottom and outgoing humid warm air at the top ∫ Louvres at the outside, slider at the inside THL100 V

Awanish Mishra | Area Sales Manager North India - Mob.: +91 99 10 501 110 - awanish.mishra@renson.net Makarand Kendre | Area Sales Manager India - Mob.: +91 98 22 912 403 - makarand.kendre@renson.net www.renson.eu


Product Watch

WinSLT:

T

rosifol™, part of the Japanesebased company Kuraray Group, has launched a new mobile calculation tool ‘WinSLT’.

New Mobile Calculation Tool from Trosifol™

Developed by Sommer Informatik in Rosenheim, it is a new app for calculating the light, solar and heat parameters of glazing containing interlayers. Trosifol® is a leading global brand of polyvinyl butyral (PVB) and ionoplast interlayers for laminated safety glass applications in the architectural, automotive and photovoltaic industries. The app has a specific laminated safety glass configurations that can now be calculated for the deployment of laminates from the TrosifolTM product range. From various glass and interlayer thicknesses and compositions, the tool calculates all the relevant data inclusive of the Ug-value of the

complete panel. With the aid of an intuitive input mask, WinSLT determines the necessary light, solar and heat characteristics of any desired configuration. All the calculations are in line with the latest standards, such as EN ISO 673 (Ug-value), EN 410 (g-value, reflection, absorption, transmittance), EN ISO 520223 (gtotal-value, previously EN ISO 13363) and ISO 15099/ ASHRAE (Ug-value, SHGCvalue, reflection, absorption, transmittance). All the relevant data for the various TrosifolTM PVB and ionoplast interlayers (SentryGlas) have been pre-loaded and stored in an extensive database. For input, only the desired products have to be selected along with the thickness of the glass ply, gas space, laminated layer and the desired window composition.The app then outputs the functional data, calculating the reflection, transmittance and absorption and, in addition, the crosssectional temperature curve. The app is available in German, English, French, Italian and Spanish and can be downloaded from the Google Play Store and Apple App Store. It is available online at Trosifol™ Website www.trosifol.com For further information on the software developer Sommer Informatik GmbH, visit: www.sommer-informatik.de or write to info@sommer-informatik.de

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Face To Face DIKSHU C KUKREJA

Principal Architect, CP Kukreja Architects (CPKA)

Dikshu C Kukreja received his B. Arch Honours as gold medallist from School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi. He attended the Taliesin Fellowship at Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture, USA and received his Master of Architecture and Urban Design from Harvard University. He was elected the founding Vice President of Asia GSD, which grew to become one of the largest student organisations at Harvard University. Later he returned to India to join CP Kukreja Architects, a Delhi-based multidisciplinary architectural and design firm, owned by his father Ar. C.P. Kukreja. He has worked in India, France and USA, and has lectured and taught at institutions both in India and abroad. Interacting with WFM, Dikshu C Kukreja, Principal Architect of CP Kukreja Architects (CPKA), shares his design philosophy, views on future façade and fenestration and the concept of sustainability. Excerpts from an interview:

P

lease tell us about your practice? Elegant and efficient built environment is a product of collaboration between creativity and engineering. This multidisciplinary expertise enables CPKA to stand out and produce memorable architecture. Today we are recognised as one of the top 100 architectural firms in the world which bears testimony as much of our meaningful body of work as to our work ethic and philosophy developed over the last 50 years.

Transworks Towers, Colombo

What inspired you to become an architect? My father has always been an inspirational figure to me for his commitment to design. At a time when terms like “sustainability” and “environment friendly architecture” were yet to be coined, he emphasised the need for architecture that responded to the site and climate. For example, the entire Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) campus was built on undulating, rugged terrain, and the design reflected this in its planning and choice of materials. His book “Tropical Architecture” is March - April 2018  l  WFM

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Face To Face studied in universities like Harvard and MIT. A visionary and a man ahead of his times, his contribution to architecture is truly motivating. What are the key factors to consider while designing and installing fenestration? The essence of every design is its functionality supported by goals and possibilities. One of the most important factors to be considered while designing fenestration is the contextual climate considerations which is responsible for planning of optimal heat gain, sound privacy, zero water ingress, light, etc. In conjunction with this, the solutions for the fenestration design need to keep up with the architectural vocabulary and the theme of the project. This in turn is associated with the scale of openings. The window as a module can accentuate the building design horizontally and vertically. In addition to this, windows have to be designed for fire safety and seismic tolerances. Please brief on the technical benefits of a well-managed façade

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Perto Industrial Facility, Jaipur

and how it helps the building to be energy-efficient at the same time provide better interior environment? Building façades form undoubtedly one of the greatest features of building design and construction. They are not only responsible for the overall technical functioning of

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the building, but also the aesthetic appeal of it. With a well-managed building façade, one is free to design a building with integrated interior and exterior or may decide to split them up and keep them unaware of the actual climatic conditions of the environment. They may be diversified as passive design ideas like stone, jaali, cladding,


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Face To Face

Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida

openings or may act as active designs for façades like curtain glazing and glass as solar panels. What are your views on future façades and fenestration technologies and materials? In emerging technologies, and façade and fenestration will be focussed on sustainability and also on the aesthetics of the building. With the rising demands in the market for zero energy buildings, transparent building façades, climate responsive façades, energy

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conscious façade and sustainable building skin, it would be exciting to encounter what is devised for time ahead. The future façades will be adaptive and responsive. As designers we need façades which can change in response to light, temperature, humidity, noise and may be even pollution. Our projects use materials ranging from MS pergolas and structural glazing to RCC turrets, ACP and GRC. According to you, what is an intelligent façade?

A façade which integrates adaptable technology and is able to modify it for the ease of living in the building irrespective of the external environmental conditions or location could be termed as an intelligent façade. These façades show a dynamic behaviour and regulate energy flow according to the local climatic context, thus, maintaining the inside comfort requirement. What about sustainability and environmental considerations when choosing the façade/ cladding material? The concept of sustainability dates back to the first window, till date when retractable skins are used in building components. Glass,


Face To Face

shading and insulation system act as “passive” system to control climatic deviations in a building. The aim of building façade/cladding material is to meet demands of ventilation, shading and energy conservation. All “passive” as well as “active” aspects affect the building envelope and its interaction to users and environment demands. There are many cladding materials available in the market. How do you choose the apt one for your project? What are the criteria? At CPKA, every project is taken as

Re-development of Pragati Maidan, New Delhi

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Face To Face one of its kind, and holds a fresh challenge for us. The prime property of any cladding material we choose, is its ability to support its own weight. Beyond complementing external appeal of the building, it should enhance overall thermal and acoustic properties of that building. Other considerations include climatic settings, comfort conditions to be achieved and maintenance over time. Modern trends bring to light a range of structural practices and lightweight building materials for the façade and cladding industry. The “building skin” in this day and age, is beyond just glass and composite panels. The possibilities are manifold and the benefits may be modified as per client’s need. What is your advice to young, aspiring architects? Human mind is a palace of thoughts with endless possibilities. Make the world see through your eyes.

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DPS International School, Gurgaon

Hamidia Hospital, Bhopal

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profiling the future in aluminium...

O

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Case Study

V

allabh Bhawan is the State Secretariat of Madhya Pradesh, located atop the Arera Hill in Bhopal. Flanked by a large lake on one side of the hill and a green expanse on the other, the site for Vallabh Bhawan enjoys views of the natural, scenic beauty of its vicinity. These views are framed by an apparent visual axis created by the Vindhyanchal Bhawan and Satpura Bhawan on either side, with an exquisitely landscaped belt acting as the foreground. The existing context reflects an amalgamation of modern architecture in the buildings and the traditional chaarbagh style landscaped gardens, commonly seen during the time of the Nawabs of Madhya Pradesh. The design is inspired by the modern interpretation of the turrets, horizontal bands and stepped forms in the architecture around it. The concave, U-shaped form of the structure not only creates an inviting entrance, but also forms a seamless loop between the three primary buildings. Traditional architectural elements like chhatris, jaalis and colonnades have been given a contemporary flavour by using restraint and keeping the forms simple, so that the basic form may express itself. The eye catching sweeping forms

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of the turrets are not easy to miss. In addition to this, modern elements such as fins, pergolas and solar panels keep the structure protected from the harsh sunlight. To conclude, the design of Vallabh Bhawan aims to translate the rich cultural fabric of the state and bring it to the global stage using contemporary styles through architecture. This amalgamation of architectural vocabularies married together binds the glory of the past with the aspirations of a forward looking community to create a unique identity that embodies the spirit of the Madhya Pradesh.

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Quick Facts: Project: Vallabh Bhawan Architect: CP Kukreja Architects (CPKA) Location: Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India Client: Environmental Planning & Coordination Organisation [EPCO] Commencement: 2012 Status: Ongoing


Case Study

LED Video Wall specifically designed for the Convention Centre

I

n order to capitalise on the vast MICE market potential and to drive India’s industry, associate with programmes such as Make in India, promote tourism, trade and commerce activities, the Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation (DMICDC) has proposed the need for a large scale Exhibition cum Convention Centre in Dwarka, New Delhi. It is conceived as a smart, zero energy state-of-the-art, world class Exhibition and Convention Centre in India, whose facilities offer a luxurious setting for international and national

meetings, conferences, exhibitions and trade shows. Envisaged at the scale of a Central Business District (CBD), the design of this massive project pays close attention to creating close connections with its natural surroundings, Indian culture and tradition while aiming to embody the ambitions of a forward looking nation through a contemporary interpretation of Indian planning principles and architecture. Multiple accesses to this complex create a porosity and permeability to the urban context, thereby integrating it to its vicinity.

Quick Facts: Project: India International Convention and Expo-Centre Architect: CP Kukreja Architects (CPKA) Location: Dwarka, Delhi Client: Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation Limited Commencement: April 2017 Status: Ongoing

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Case Study

A thoughtful skin system is proposed to achieve sustainability, as well as synthesizing each facet of the project, such as materiality, constructability and budget

Plan for India International Convention and Expo-Centre, Dwarka

Aerial view from the plane

Inside view of the Central Hub

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Case Study

The Central Hub, India International Convention and Expo-Centre

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EV&BATTERY TECH INDIA SUMMIT

S

LAR


Project Watch

Undulatin g Red Brick Façade Brick Curtain House, Surat, Gujarat

I

ndia is a home to an extraordinary variety of climatic regions. The site being located in Surat, Gujarat falls into hot and humid climatic zone. High humidity, strong sun and glare from the sky characterise the climate. The client having a family of five members, Kanji Bhai Bhalala is a public figure whose only purpose is to serve the mankind and in constant touch with people in the neighbourhood and visitors throughout the day. The site is a part of residential society, a corner plot approached from

road on the west edge. The layout was organised in such a way that the private zone was at the inner side and public zone at the front facilitated by a centralised connecting services. On the ground, the front occupies parking while the rear consists of a servant room and a multi-purpose hall that connects with the outdoor garden. In the habitable spaces above, private spaces like kitchen, dining and bedroom are accommodated at the inner side of the house while the front portion serves to bring the nature indoors and hence contains semi-

open spaces on both the sides that help connection with the neighbours with a double height living area in the centre. Within the centralised connecting spaces lies the prayer area which can be looked up to from the second and third floor. Further, on the third floor, the home office is at the front merging with the terrace garden on the sides. The spatial organisation brought with it the biggest climatic challenge, the front façade with large surface areas stood exposed to the west side, intensifying the heat gain throughout

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Project Watch the day. To reduce heat gain various explorations were done after understanding the architectural elements of hot climatic region, such as material, texture, jali, engraving. The analysis led to select brick - a module that is raw and natural, and could help create a protruding façade to reduce the heating effect. A brick façade with bulges protruding in and out was selected. As the façade majorly needs to shade the

A brick façade with bulges protruding in and out reduces the heating effect

QUICK FACTS Project: Brick Curtain House Architects: Design Work Group Location: Mota Varachha, Surat, Gujarat Client: Kanjibhai Bhalala Design Team: Dinesh Suthar, Bharat Patel, Jitendra Sabalpara, Sonakshi Berlia, Bhavika Suthar, Vishakha Jain, Ankit Sojitra, Chirag Katrodiya Gross Built Area: 810 sq m Completion Year: March 2016 Photo Credits: phxindia – Sebastian Zachariah, Ira Gosalia Brick Façade: Mithun Vishvak and team Structure: Angle Consultancy Windows: Dream Home Element

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To reduce heat gain, architectural elements such as brick, texture, jali, etc. were incorporated in the facade


Project Watch central indoor environment, the two ends are straight without bulges, giving the undulations in the centre a firm hold. The central portion was divided in three parts each having three bulges in a series. To structurally hold the huge façade of 83 layers, vertical and horizontal reinforcement was added. The chosen form served dually: ● Individually the brick module shaded itself ● Convex bulges in the wall shade its lower concave bulges

repeating the same shading pattern at larger level The house is a perfect epitome of how a plane curtains itself. It stands out and connects to the surroundings – both at the same time. The brick façade provides an ideal backdrop for the living area and major interaction spaces aesthetically adding simplicity and integrity to the design. Overall the expression of the house is a response to client’s affinity with nature. It is an outcome of amalgamation of sustainable and functional aspects for the comfortable living environment.

DINESH SuTHAr, JITENdrA SAbALAPArA, BHArAT PATEL Architects, Design Work Group

About the ARCHITECTS: Dinesh Suthar is an Urban Designer and Architect with 10 years of experience. After graduating from the UK, Suthar worked in urban design firm Studio REAL for two years in the UK. He founded Design Work Group in 2009.

The design of the house is an outcome of amalgamation of sustainable and functional aspects

Living room and balcony transition

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Jitendra Sabalapara is the Principle Designer and CoFounder of the Design Work Group. He has worked with internationally acclaimed diamond merchants for their headquarters and residential projects. Bharat Patel is the Principle Designer and Co-Founder of the Design Work Group. He has worked with well-known education institutions in and around Gujarat. He is always in quest for regionalism and vernacular space which can be interpreted in modern context and hence reflects in his design.


SAFE FACADES , SAFER WORLD

100 tests completed and going strong

PERFORMANCE TESTING OF BUILDING FACADE Testing of curtain walls, windows and doors systems for water penetration, air leakage, structural performance and seismic loading

AIR PEREMEABILITY WATER PENETRATION HEVAC ( For Lourves) STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE LATERAL & VERTICAL MOVEMENT TEST

SERVICES Curtain walls Exterior windows & Doors Storefronts & Sloped Glazing Systems Skylight Building Facades Weather Louvres Field or On-site testing Third party witness Consultancy Inspection Services

Contact Us


Project Watch

Betasoft ITES Building, Mohali

A Unique Façade Assemblage Betasoft ITES Building, Mohali

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TES, the IT building designed by Ar. Sangeet Sharma of SD Sharma & Associates, is an interesting and a composed architectural project. As a plotted development, it was imperative to design a building which was most functional and eco-friendly. The longer sides were covered with the adjoining buildings so the essential lights was from front and back. The plan is a block of two large halls/working spaces with the central vertical circulation. The central lobby

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consists the entrance, staircase lifts and toilet blocks-there by giving two large halls an obstructive columnless space. The halls are oriented southwest in the front and northeast on the rear. The design challenges included a perfect environment conducive to IT and an area full of vigour. The key principal design factor of this project is the consideration of the orientation. Being a plotted development the phases of the building faces South West (SW).

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The challenge was to consider this odd orientation and yet provide a solution. As glass was essential in the elevation, being an IT building that needed a global image. The glass louvre systems were used in the façade. Being in Chandigarh, these louvers were a constant feature to keep the hot sun of south and south west away. The louvers were designed, fabricated and installed in a unique assemblage. The protection from the harsh sun saves energy and the temperature is curtailed


Project Watch inside. This system is aesthetically very sound and provides cascading sociography on the façade. The façade in totality is a

composition in itself by varying the patterns in every floor. It is comprised of uniquely designed glass louvers giving exemplary aesthetics and designed protection from the southern sun. The glass louvers are made using low e glass. The joints are minimal and the green glass is soothing for the eyes. The services are efficiently designed providing full safety to men and materials. The interiors are columnless uninterrupted free flowing spaces. The building is eco-friendly based on its planning principles and orientation. This is a huge ecological consideration. The building is not a glass box and is efficiently designed

for ambient thermal and comfort conditions. The biggest challenge was fabrication of the details of the façade. The louvers have not been implemented in this fashion in the buildings. This was overcome by intense and meticulous planning and detailing. The client required a pent house on the top most floor and giving it an identity was an effort. This was overcome by intense thought and involvement.

The details of the facade

QUICK FACTS Project: ITES Knowledge Centre Architect: Sangeet Sharma Location: IT Park, SAS Nagar, Punjab Client: Dharampal Mangla and Vishal Mangla Interior Architect & Designer: Ar. Purnima Sharma Other Consultants: S.D. Sharma & Associates Materials used for Façade & Fenestration: Glass and Brick Cladding Commencement Date: 2016 Completion Date: August 2017

Façade is comprised of uniquely designed glass louvers

Glass is an essential element in the IT building elevation

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Project Watch

AR. SaNGEET SHaRMa Partner SD Sharma & Associates

About the ARCHITECT:

CLADDING BRICK TILES ABOVE THE COLUMNS

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TRANSOM ALUMINIUM SECTION 50 X 67

MULLION

ALUMINIUM SECTION 100 X 67

GLAZING DOUBLE GLAZED UNIT

Sangeet Sharma is a practising architect in Chandigarh. He is a partner in SD Sharma & Associates, a well-known firm founded by his father Ar. SD Sharma. Widely acknowledged and awarded, Ar. Sangeet Sharma commands an undisputed reputation in profession. He is fascinated by geometrical forms, and his buildings are based on sustainable applications. He terms his architecture as ‘cubist modernism”. Sangeet is a multifaceted personality. He is a poet, architectural critic, writer, artist and author, and a motivational speaker. He has authored Architecture, Life and Me, a memoir that takes an allround view of the profession. He is a winner of ten awards in architecture including the recent “GRIHA Exemplary Performance Award” for 2017, and two awards in authorship.


Project Watch

The facade of the Pool Yard House has been designed in two individual masses

A Play of Shapes & Patterns Pool Yard House, Panchkula, Haryana

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The screen comprising vertical members that reduces visual contact with the busy street outside

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ocated on a busy sectoral road of the city of Panchkula, Pool Yard House was designed for an elderly couple and their visiting family and friends. The design brief was to visualise a house exuding comfort designed for relaxation and leisure. The concept was to place emphasis on the courtyard and pool areas, with these acting as the focal point of the space. The facade has been designed in two individual masses. A screen comprising vertical members that reduces visual contact with the busy street outside while allowing the occupants to have a view of the trees lining the road across.


Project Watch

Transparent walls link interiors to the outdoors

Another distinct mass is created by the staircase facade, clad in dark grey textured stone. Small rectangular void has been created in this facade to break the monotonous mass and add lightness to it. These small windows have been fitted with reflective glasses incorporated to add a sculptural dimension to it. A water body planned near the entrance sets a tranquil tone for the interiors. Transparent walls have been used to interconnect the various spaces of the house, and to link them to the outdoors as well. The sitting room located at the front of the house is designed as an extension of the landscape with the cantilevered roof reinforcing the connection of the inside to the outside. The transparent walls are further used to accentuate the presence of the pool from different areas of the house. The main staircase and the wellness areas have been connected to the rest of the spaces via the courtyard, establishing a strong correlation between the inside and the outside, a fact that achieves greater importance when the climatic zone characterised

Sunlight

Terrace LVL. +45'-6"

South Side

Terrace LVL. +39'-0"

Sunlight

Second Floor LVL. +32'-9"

North Side Sunlight

Wind Sunlight Wind

First Floor LVL. +18'-0"

Section FRONT ELEVATION

Ground Floor LVL. +3'-0" On Site Road LVL-+0"

Elevation

The main staircase and the wellness areas have been connected to the rest of the spaces via the courtyard

QUICK FACTS Project: Pool Yard House Principal Architect: Ar. Badrinath Kaleru Location: Panchkula, Haryana Built-up-area: 496 sq m Design Team: Studio Ardete Completion Date: 2017 Photo credit: Purnesh Dev Nikhanj

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Project Watch by both extreme heat and cold is taken into consideration. The colour, texture and material palette of the Pool Yard House have been kept subtle with use of wood and stone stealing focus. Colourful artwork contrasts against the toned down ambience of the interiors. In general, lighting is done taking into consideration individual spaces and their functions. Quirky light fixtures that draw attention and bind the elements of the space together have been used. Natural light filters in from the double height courtyard, illuminates the spaces inside during the daytime. The pool on the first floor level can be seen from many areas, making it the nucleus of the house and lending the project its name.

Transparent walls have been used to interconnect the various spaces of the house

The colour, texture and material palette of the Pool Yard House have been kept subtle with use of wood and stone stealing focus.

The sitting room is designed as an extension of the landscape with the cantilevered roof reinforcing the connection of the inside to the outside

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Lighting is done taking into consideration individual spaces and their functions


Hardware & Accessories for uPVC & Aluminium Doors, Windows & Curtain Walls

McCoy Silicones Limited

(Facade & Fenestration Division)

info@mccoy8m.in www.mccoy8m.in

1800-121-6569 (Toll Free) +91-9958094312


Project Watch

Martin’s is a furniture factory at Panchkula, Haryana

Creating Harmony in Contrast Martin’s, Panchkula, Haryana

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he project, located on an industrial site in Panchkula, India, presented a unique problem for the architects, necessitating them to come up with an unusual solution. A furniture factory cum display centre and an adjacent building, both owned by the client needed to be visually connected so as to give them a common facia. The client wanted to present the viewer/guest with a unified front as far as the buildings were concerned. But as per the local by-laws, only metal fabrications could be used to achieve the same. Since, both the buildings had their own individual characteristics and different internal planning, no drastic measures could be employed. A method needed to be devised wherein the desired could be achieved without altering the existing design. Finally, a concept was developed that would allow just that. An external screen of expanded metal mesh was unanimously decided as the best solution. Further, to make the design site sensitive, an additional layer of FRP panels was added, which

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Project Watch

Older view of the factory cum display centre

QUICK FACTS Project: Martin’s Architects: Studio Ardete Pvt. Ltd. Location: Panchkula, Haryana Client: Mr Saravkam Gulati Design Team: Studio Ardete Other Consultants: Asian Strack Metal Sheet Material Used for Façade and Fenestration: Metal Mesh and FRP Panels Commencement: April 1, 2015 Completion: January 15, 2016 Area: 5,150 sq ft Photo Credit: Purnesh Dev Nikhanj

also helped in reducing south heat gain. The FRP panels were created in the industrial workshop of the furniture factory itself as the designers wanted the exterior to be synchronised with the core of the factory. A mould was custom-made for the panels based on the inputs given by the client and design specified by the architect. The dazzling yellow of the panels was deliberately decided upon to provide a contrast to the dull grey of the metal mesh. The unconventional design of the façade provides a relief from the monochromatic, regular surroundings.

The project is located on an industrial site in Panchkula

AR. BaDRINaTh KaLERU

Founder & Principal Architect, Studio Ardete Pvt. Ltd.

About the ARCHITECT: Ar. Badrinath Kaleru did his Bachelor in Architecture from IIT-Roorkee and is a registered architect with the Council of Architecture (COA), India. Founded in 2010, his architectural firm Studio Ardete Pvt. Ltd. comprises architects, interior designers and artists, all dedicated to produce the best solution for the clients in terms of functionality, aesthetics, economy within the provided timeline, requirement and taste of the clients. His work experience ranges from architecture to sustainable living with energy modelling to graphic designing. The firm incorporates new techniques like parametric modelling and customised design elements, unique to each project they take on, striving to use materials available on site to make the projects sustainable. Having designed in parts of Asia and Europe, including Japan, Italy and France, they believe in a wider, more analytical approach. The firm was selected as finalist for the World Architecture Festival (WAF) 2015, runner-up for AR Design Awards, finalist for WAF 2017. March - April 2018  l  WFM

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Advertorial

A New Vision towards Safety with Aesthetics

Fire Resistant Products from Dauerhaft Engineers

D

auerhaft Engineers (OPC) Pvt. Ltd. is a productionoriented enterprise focus on researching, developing and producing fire resistant and other specialised products. Through years of experience, development and growth, the company becomes one of the well-known manufacturers in the fire industry. Their products are found in all kinds of construction programmes across the country, enjoying an excellent reputation in the industry. Aarti Sehgal, Director of Dauerhaft Engineers (OPC) Pvt. Ltd, said: “On behalf of my colleagues in the company, I sincerely thank all our valued customers for believing and supporting us. In the coming years too, we hope to receive the same support and concern by our esteemed customers, both new and old. We will

continue to maintain our belief based on honesty and create value together. We sincerely hope to share resource with you, and become business associates. We believe to develop together, and the win-win goal is what we pursue all the time in achieving the enterprise value with customers”. Our Culture: • Positive spirit, quality, integrity, unity, innovation Our Mission: • Our main aim is to be the first choice of all the Domestic People, Architects, Various Group of Organization in India as well as the after market • Provide customer the most valuable products & on time services. • To retain and reinforce our

position as a Leading/ Pioneer Indian manufacturer of all Types of Fire & Safety Produts. Our Philosophy: Enhance the quality endlessly, perfect the services constantly Product Line: • Domestic doors for entrance (New addition) • Metal doors non-fire rated HMPS doors • Fire rated doors • Glass fire rated doors • Glazed fire window • Glazed fire partition • Sliding doors • Blast resistant doors and partitions • Trap doors or access hatches • Scientific doors • Fire hose cabinet • Acoustic doors

For more details, contact: Dauerhaft Engineers (OPC) Pvt. Ltd. Regd: 22C, Red Mig Flat, Rajouri Garden – 110027 Works: B-133, Mayapuri Industrial Area, Phase -1, New Delhi – 110064 Number: 9911725754 | Website: www.dauerhaft.in | E-Mail: dauerhaft22@gmail.com

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Post Event Report

Zak World of Windows Focuses

on Trends and Challenges in the Industry 23rd February, 2018 | Taj Coromandel Hotel, Chennai

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ak World of Windows, after successfully completing its 11 editions in various cities of India, was recently held at the Taj Coromandel hotel in Chennai. The event was an ideal amalgam of informative presentation by experienced industry experts, panel discussion, keynote addresses, exploration of new technologies and products, etc. The event, World of Windows, was organised with an aim to provide proper understanding of fenestration and addressing issues like design and

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application challenges, measuring the performance of windows and their affectivity in bringing life to the interior spaces. In tune with the main intent of the event, Amir Hashmi, National Sales and Marketing Head of Profine India, discussed on the topic "A Paradigm of Quality and Trust". He explained how the latest products and technologies from Koemmerling u-PVC Window & Door Systems have helped bringing in the necessary measures in quality and thus generating trust on their products.

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This was followed by an interesting presentation by Jothi Ramalingam, Managing Director of Winwall, and deliberated on “Performance Testing of Windows”. Ashish Kapoor, Director – Sales of Schueco India, also shared his perspective on “Schueco: German Aluminium Systems for the Indian Market”. K Ravi Kumar, Manager – Sales of McCoy Soudal, emphasised in details on “The Importance of PU Foams for Perfect Insulated Windows”. Rajesh Gupta, Area Sales Manager of Kinlong, shared insights on “New Era New Hardware”.


Post Event Report

Finest new technologies and products pertinent to the industry were displayed at the event

The panel discussion on ‘Evolving Window Scenario in Chennai’

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Post Event Report

Amir Hashmi, National Sales and Marketing Head, Profine India

Jothi Ramalingam, Managing Director, Winwall

Ashish Kapoor, Director – Sales, Schueco India

Further, there was an engaging and interactive panel discussion with experts from their respective fields, moderated by Rajeev Antony, Managing Director of Schueco India. The panelists who brainstormed in the discussion, included Farid Khan, CEO and Director, Profine India; Veeramanikandan Palanisamy, Director, Sarvana Building Systems; Palanivelu Viswanathan, Principal Architect, Diastyle; and Mahalingam Arumugam, Lead Manager of Kef Infra. The intense discussion was focused on ‘Evolving Window Scenario in Chennai’ that delved deeper on various aspects, such as components defining a perfect window; challenges faced in suggesting and installing a good quality window as per design

parameters; parameters defining the retail market and projects - different or overlapping and consideration for selecting a window type for an apartment complex, high end villas, hospitality and retail. Besides, the finest new technologies and products pertinent to the industry were displayed at the event, which reinforced in understanding the performance and functional roles of the products. Besides listening to keynote speakers and window experts sharing their experience and knowledge on window engineering for sustainability and durability, the participants got a great opportunity to interact with solution providers showcasing unique products such as high performance window

systems in uPVC & aluminium, precision hardware, sealing and installation technologies. The exhibition showcased some of the exclusive products for fenestration, which included uPVC systems from Koemmerling, aluminium systems from Schueco, a range of PU foams and silicones from McCoy Soudal, gaskets from Osaka rubber, hardware from Kinlong and last but not the least – a range of decorative and printed glass from TPRS. Organised by the Zak Trade Fairs and Exhibitions, this event will be a part of the build up to the mega exhibitions on glass, fenestration and aluminium extrusions, which will be held in Mumbai from December 6-9, 2018.

Rajesh Gupta, Area Sales Manager, Kinlong

K Ravi Kumar, Manager – Sales, McCoy Soudal

Rajeev Antony, Managing Director, Schueco India

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Post Event Report

Felicitating the employees, who had been part of the company for over 15 years

Women Power of McCoy Group & the publication division

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he parent company of Window and Façade magazine, McCoy Group celebrated its first ‘McCoy Day’ with much fun, fanfare and festivity at its manufacturing facility located at Bawal, Haryana on March 7, 2018. The event was a symbolic celebration of the success and achievement of the company

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Men in blue - strengthening the company foundation and business

that has come a long way from where it began with the strong belief that ‘hard work and honesty’ are the only keys to relish success. The event also highlighted the goals and expectations under the Mission 2020. The event took off on an exhilarating note with a warm exchange of greeting and bonding among the employees

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that brought them together from different parts of the country. A plant tour was conducted for the employees to familiarise and get the first-hand knowledge of the whole operation in the plant. This was followed by a welcome speech by Amit Malhotra, leader of the McCoy Group, amidst all the cheer and enthusiasm.


Post Event Report

Rajasthani folk dance performance

The original Ghoomar enthralled everyone

Addressing on the significance of the special day, Amit Malhotra said, “It is indeed commendable that within a short period of time, McCoy Group has grown into a company with a turnover of over Rs. 200 crore and a major provider of construction industry in the country. This has been achieved with a lean organization of over 200 employees, indicating a high level of productivity, which needs to be emulated”. He added that the employees are the biggest assets for his company. He saluted

the employees for their aspiration, focus on the clients, hard work, commitment and teamwork. Besides, Amit Malhotra shared the vision of the company and outlined in details about the company’s future plans to inspire and motivate employees to bring their best to the organisation. His speech also focused on how the team could gear the company to address the present day market challenges and achieve their goals. On the event, Niten Patial Vice President (Sales) of McCoy Soudal,

Niten Patial and Shoby Tandon discussing the organisational manual and company policies with the employees

Employees celebrating McCoy Day with much fun, fanfare and festivity

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Amit Malhotra & Indira Malhotra enjoying the folk dance

and Shoby Tandon, Consultant HR at McCoy Group discussed at length about the organisational manual and policy to bring in a sustainable positive work culture within the company. One of the main attractions of the event was the felicitation extended to employees, who had completed their wonderful journey of 15 years in the company. They were honoured with mementoes by Indira Malhotra, wife of late Vinod Kumar Malhotra, Founder of McCoy Group; PK Jain, Chief Finance Officer and Pramod Kumar Gola, Vice President (Finance) of the company. Last but not the least, no celebration is complete without fun, frolic and dance, especially to mark the milestone of the company. The enchanting Rajasthani folk dance performance brought a subtle transition in the hall from a serious to a much lighter one. No doubt, the grace and beauty of the dance enthralled everyone and later joined it to make it a more beautiful sight to behold – a celebration in real and true sense. With that, the curtain was loosened down for the day on an optimistic note.

Paying tribute to late Vinod Kumar Malhotra, Founder of McCoy Group


Post Event Report

Inauguration

FunderMax India Celebrates its Annual Event ‘Confluence 2018’

F

underMax India recently organised its annual event ‘Confluence 2018, which witnessed participation of a large number of business partners from across the country. This year’s edition marked FunderMax India’s 10 years completion in India. The participants discussed the year gone by, and outlined the strategy for the way forward. 'Confluence' gives the platform for FunderMax India to recognise and felicitate the top performing business partners and

Board Members with Rene Haberl & Dr. Reddy

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FunderMax India employees. The event witnessed participation of 120 people, including business partners throughout the country. The event’s theme was “Partnership for Profitable Growth” which reiterates the company’s vision for the sustainable and profitable growth of partners as well as the brand Present at the event were CIAG board members Dr. Erlfried Taurer and Dr. Johannes Liechtenstein, and Rene Haberl, the board member and Managing Director of FunderMax GmbH. A keynote address was delivered by VN Bhattacharya on “Macroeconomic trends and its impact on construction and infrastructure sectors”. The other highlight of the day was the “FunderMax product display station” covering offerings like Max Lato Series (Sun Shading Façade), Neon range of decors, Max Resistance2 and interior applications. In addition, a wall depicting the “10 year’s journey of FunderMax”

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in India was created in a unique way to showcase the summary of major events in each year of the journey. Another major attraction was “Corporate Social Responsibility” wall which portrayed the noble initiative undertaken by the company for the betterment of the society. The event concluded with an “Excellence Award Ceremony” for the business partners and FunderMax India employees recognising their success interspersed with cultural performances.

CSR Wall


Pioneers in building accurately designed facades There are no restrictions in imagining the futuristic facades. And at Glass Wall, this is the thought that inspires us to dream bigger and take the world by surprise with each and every project we deliver.

project : FLIPKART CAMPUS Client : EMBASSY GROUP


Post Event Report

Regional Conferences (U-RC) series, the Lucknow event

UWDMA inks MOU with the Government of Rajasthan

B

uzzing with various activities and developments in the recent months, UWDMA (uPVC

Window and Door Manufacturers Association) has finally inked a MOU with the Government of Rajasthan

Mario Schmidt (President of UWDMA) and Krishna Kunal, IAS (Commissioner) signing the MoU

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on April 3, 2018, for setting up a Skill Development Centre at ITI Bhiwadi to train youth on uPVC fenestration and installation. The agreement was signed in presence of Dr. Jaswant Singh Yadav, Hon'ble Minster, Labour and Skills, Employment and Entrepreneurship Department, Government of Rajasthan, at the Department of Skills, Employment, and Entrepreneurship (DSEE) Office, Jaipur. Recently, UWDMA’s Regional Conferences (U-RC) series on ‘The Cost Factor - An Estimation Analysis Programme’ took place in Lucknow on March 16, 2018, and in Chandigarh on April 20, 2018. The Lucknow event saw over 80 participants. Pramod Jha (Spectrum Windows) captivated the audience with his presentation and educated them about the fair practices. Vikas Malhotra (DNV Global) co-hosted the event with UWDMA updates. The event was sponsored by GB Enterprises (Silver


Post Event Report

UWDMA President addressing the audience at the Chandigarh event

Sponsor), Spectrum Windows (Silver Sponsor), Prominance uPVC Window System (Bronze Sponsor), and McCoy Soudal (Lanyard Sponsor). At Chandigarh, Col. Shailesh Pathak (Green Fenestration) educated the audience about estimation analysis in window production. Mario Schmidt, President UWDMA (Lingel Windows) cohosted the event with UWDMA updates. The event, which saw over 60 participants, was sponsored by LGF Sysmac (Silver Sponsor), Prominance uPVC Window System (Bronze Sponsor) and McCoy Soudal (Lanyard Sponsor). Besides, the active members of UWDMA took part at the Vinyl India-2018, the 8th international PVC & Chlor-Alkali Summit. As part of the vibrant panel discussion, they shed light on the “uPVC Windows in India - The Way Forward”. The panelists, included Mario Schmidt, Lingel Windows; Satish Kumar, Deceuninck; Deepak Chugh, LGF Sysmac; Amit Malhotra, McCoy Soudal; Ashven Datla, NCL Wintech India; Farid Khan, Profine India Window Technology, and M.R. Shinde, Aluplast India. Meanwhile, UWDMA Technical Committee meeting on ‘Formation or Installation Manual for uPVC Door and Windows’ was held on April 11, 2018.

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Regional Conferences (U-RC) series, the Chandigarh event

Members of UWDMA at the Vinyl India-2018

UWDMA Technical Committee meeting


Buzz

C

lassic Marble Company (CMC) has launched a range of translucent marble titled ‘Stone and Luce’ collection under its flagship brand KalingaStone. Designed on the backdrop of the ancient mosaic patterned stone terrazzo, the collection can be backlit for creating a spectacular visual and to bring out the beauty of the stone. The exceptional feature of the Stone and Luce collection is its luminous character. These marbles allow light to pass through the small pieces of stones or chips embedded in the surface. If panelled as a room divider, the marbles blend well into a designer wall. They are also preferred as flooring highlighter especially in the

E

ncraft, provider of uPVC windows and doors solutions and a flagship company of the DCJ group, has opened its first windows and doors experience centre in New Delhi. Spread over an area of 5000 sq ft, the company aims to transform the tedious process of choosing ideal doors and windows into an exciting experience

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ante room. These marbles are ideal for table top in a dining area lending the space a classic look. The collection is available in a variety of colours and can be customised as per one interior needs.

Besides being visually gratifying, they possess certain characteristics, such as less porous, more flexible and harder than natural marble making it an obvious choice for different types of interior and decor applications.

with its first experience centre. The centre showcases life-size products, including actual doors and windows for customers to get the firsthand knowledge of the functioning of the products. With this unique centre, the brand aims to address a multitude of questions that plague a customer while looking for perfect windows and doors.

At the launch, Maja Hoellrigl, Group CEO of DCJ Group, said, "The experience centre will help bring us closer to our customers. We believe that it will enhance the product buying experience. The centre celebrates our strengths in applying technology to offer window and door solutions in a meaningful manner. The centre will have several departments, such as R&D centre, fabrication departments and window testing, to help customers understand the products better.” Elaborating about the centre, she said, “At the R&D centre, one can take a look at how it all begins, that is, the beginning of making doors and windows. The fabrication department tells all about how a window or door is manufactured. At the window testing area, the products are checked for performance with water, wind, rain, etc. against EN Standard using KS Schulten, Germany test rig. The test is well known for providing accurate test readings about quality and function of the test elements; it checks for air leakage measurements, water tightness and wind resistance.”

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WINDOWS


Buzz

F

enesta, one of India’s largest windows and doors brands, has reinforced its retail expansion with the opening of new showroom at New Panvel, Mumbai. With the addition of this new store, Fenesta now has its presence in more than 150 locations across India. The store showcases a range of products from uPVC windows

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ingel Windows and Doors Technologies, a Germany-based company, recently launched a window store with “One Window Concept” for its customers. The aim of the concept is to make the shopping experience of the customer easy, and make it possible to avail the benefit of

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and doors with various design and colour possibilities. Commenting on the launch, Saket Jain, Business Head of Fenesta Building Systems said, “Commitment towards the customer and excellent product portfolio, together has translated into growth over years and new showroom is another indication of our rapidly expanding customer base across the country.” With this launch, Fenesta marks another milestone to ensure an interactive and informative buying experience for its existing and potential customers. With the rapid growth in uPVC windows and doors industry in India, the brand endeavours to further

increase its market share and maintain its leadership position in the future. Jain further added, “The combination of an aggressive marketing strategy, variety of products and rapid retail expansion, including tier 2 and tier 3 markets, will help us reach our goal. The marketing strategy is fashioned such that it creates engagement, education and an experiential purchase for the customer.” The products at Fenesta undergo a stringent quality check at every step to ensure performance in India’s varied and extreme climates.

investing on one window at a time and experience the value of the product. The concept will help customers to choose from a variety of styles at minimal investment. A customer’s routine will not be disturbed as the window will get fixed in a day or two. “We are pleased to introduce to our

customers India’s number 1 window shop. This strategy was initiated to let our customers experience the quality of windows that we manufacture. Many customers may be apprehensive to replace all the windows in their homes or spend huge amounts. The one window concept will let them know that their decision opting for Lingel Windows is right and a difficult decision is now made easy. I would like to invite our customer to avail to the benefit of buying one window that we have initiated for them,” said Mario Schmidt, Managing Director Lingel Windows and Doors Technologies Private Limited. Lingel Windows recently introduced Aluminium Windows Lingel 6.0 and Smart Li, wifi controlled window security system. With its manufacturing units both in Europe and India, the company produces energy-efficient products that follows the guidelines of uPVC Window and Door Manufacturers Association (UWDMA) in India.

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FACADES SYSTEMS

COMPOSITE PANEL SYSTEMS

SKYLIGHT SYSTEMS - VERDANA SLIDING ROOM SYSTEMS

HINGES WINDOW & DOOR SYSTEMS

SLIDING WINDOW & DOOR SYSTEMS

ARCHITECTURAL

ALUMINIUM SYSTEMS SYSTEMS  

SOLAR PROTECTION SYSTEMS

BALUSTRADING SYSTEMS

E-43/A, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase - II, New Delhi - 110020 Ph.: 011 2650 1588 w w w. v e r t i c a l p l a n e t . c o

+91 9717 6 555 88 anil@verticalplanet.co


Buzz

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ith its first experiential store in Hyderabad, manufacturer of uPVC door and window system Weatherseal is eyeing to expand its footprint in the green solutions and individual homeowner market in India. Through the new store, which is spread across over an area of 1,200 sq ft, will be catering to B2B as well as B2C to explore the infinite design possibilities with uPVC windows and doors Harish Munireddy, Founder & CEO of Weatherseal, said, “The Indian uPVC doors and windows market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.0% annually. We have been growing more than 100% every year. Hyderabad is

W

indow Magic, one of the leading brands in windows and doors, has introduced their new innovation ‘Insect Screen’ which protects from flies, mosquitoes and other insects. This type of screen helps in creating a healthy interior, allowing the users to experience a fresh and natural ventilation. It also protects from various diseases which come and

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quite a lucrative in market, therefore, our immediate target is to achieve 3 lakh sq ft of window installation this year.” The products available comes up with 20 years warranty with three wooden colours. They are resistant to sunlight, oxidation and a variety of chemicals, fire, frost, electricity, and do not react adversely with any building material. As a more sustainable choice, uPVC doors and windows are unlikely to be affected by climate change over longer period of time.

disinfect your home. While designing the Insect Screen, due considerations were given to all the factors, such as size, shape and style of the screen. Also, the external factors which vary from one location to another, such as the local weather conditions and the number of trees in the surrounding area. Besides, consultation service by experts are offered to discuss the options and recommend best screen designs based on their unique tastes and requirements. They are available in various type, including Pull Down Mesh, Pleated Mesh and Zig Zag Mesh. Pull Down Mesh has three categories, such as Lat Double, Lat Single and Vert Spring, which can withstand reasonable wind pressure and has wide tolerance for width and height. The flat fibre glass mesh

WFM  l  March - April 2018

Besides, the company stated that catering to this growing demand, Weatherseal has spread over other districts of Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu and has plans to go on franchise model to achieve a country wide presence.

results in giving a feeling of no mesh present between outdoor and indoor. Pleated Mesh has plisse double system, developed by Japanese and has been perfected by Germans. Zig Zag Mesh is from Green-Web Germany which can take high wind pressure. The retractable system with wider opening options allows maximum visibility and fresh air.


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owered by a constant search for solutions in the building industry, Sahyadri Solutions and Innovation Lab have created ECOPRO, a proven, versatile and innovative building material that helps create inspiring aesthetics and structural reliability. Sahyadri Industries Ltd a pioneer in building solutions since 1947 is an ISO 9001, EMS 14001 & BS OHSAS 18001 Certified Company, listed on the BSE, SIL provides a range of products for interior & exterior building systems & roofing solutions. Applications ECOPRO – Fibre Cement Boards “ECOPRO” does everything you want it to do and more like false ceilings, wall partitions, facade, fins, frames, wood design planks, mezzanine flooring, pre-fab structures and many more. ECOPRO boards can be cut using a carpenter's hand saw or electrically operated circular saw and even electric hand drill can be used for drilling holes. ECOPRO Applications are recommended in field like hospitality, retail, offices, educational institute, restaurant / showrooms, public utility, call centres / malls / IT towers, etc. ECOPRO Facade ECOPRO Facade is an easy to install product and handy in a number of applications. The façade of a building is the first clue that tells us that the structure has something special to offer and often the most important aspect from a design standpoint, as it sets the tone for the rest of the building. A

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cool façade is the representation of the architect’s creative vision and desire to impress with something unique and out of the ordinary. CNC screen designer ECOPRO sheets beautify and cover ducts. They can be used for pure aesthetic looks as per your choice. CNC cut provides ventilation. These screens are made from water repellant ECOPRO Plus sheets. These sheets are easy to install & can be easily painted. These sheets are durable in all weather. ECOPRO Fins Now no more ugly ducts and vents in the building. Cover them with ECOPRO plus & get excellent ventilation too. “ECOPRO” comes with priceless features like quick plus easy installation and removal, Unmatched style quotient, reduced labour and subsequent costs, good load bearing capacity, virtually maintenance free, durable in all weather, offers infinite design solutions. Fire Resistance: ECOPRO boards are fire resistant as per below specifications: • Non-combustibility: noncombustible • Ignitability: CLASS “P” not easily ignitable • Fire propagation index - 0.1 • Surface Spread of Flame - CLASS-1 For more information: Please call us at 020-26444625/26/27 or Email: info@silworld.in

Sahyadri Industries Ltd. Swastik House, 39/D, Gultekdi, Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, Pune - 411037, India Tel: +91 20 2644 4625 / 26 / 27 | Fax: +91 20 2645 8888 | Email: info@silworld.in | Website: www.ecopro.co.in

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WFM  l  March - April 2018


Buzz

A

rt-N-Glass, one of the renowned glass processing companies in India, has launched a new display centre at Kriti Nagar, Delhi. Spread across an area of 10,000 Sq ft, this is their third display centre in Delhi. Currently, the company has four stores in India - three in Delhi and one in Chandigarh. This newly launched display centre houses various types of door and window systems for interior and exterior. Aarna series provides interior doors, such as sliders, partitions, etc. Minimo series comprises minimalistic slider doors and windows. They also have a window ventilation system under Vayu range, which features 2.5 micron filter that protects insects, dust, smog, etc. and also thermally broken where there is no heat transfer. Besides, the centre showcases uPVC doors and windows, hardware,

T

he prestigious CP Kukreja Photography Awards 2018 organised by “Foundation for Design Excellence” has been a huge

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decorative led mirror, stained glass doors and partitions, insulated glass, railings, etc. Speaking on the launch, Swapnil Pathak, Director of Art-N-Glass, said, “The display centre is one of its kind. We consider ourselves to be one of the top five technologically advanced glass processors in the country. We have won many prestigious awards for our products that are being commended for their performance and innovation. Nevertheless, we have invested aggressively on R&D for new product developments. And all our products are tested and calibrated against the International Standards and regulations, which is why we are the reliable provider of complete façade and fenestration solutions.” On the future plans of the company, Pathak added, “After this

launch, we are planning to roll out a bigger display centre, which is twice the size of the current centre. We are focusing a lot on R&D to bring in more growth and innovation.” With more than 25 years of experience, Art-N-Glass is a renowned name in all verticals related to glass, such as decorative mirrors, insulated glass, glass sinks, etc.

success. The winners were chosen on the basis of their architectural expression, degree of freshness, aesthetic qualities, intention and charm. The jury who critically examined the competition included eminent personalities like Manoj Mathur, Head of Department, School of Planning and Architecture; Hardev Singh, internationally acclaimed Photographer; Vivek Sabharwal, Director of Apeejay School of Architecture; Nayan Raheja, Architect, Developer and Photographer; noted photographer Sharat Sharma, Sunaina Anand, Art Curator and Director of Art Alive Gallery and artist

Manav Gupta. Based on certain parameters, Satish Kumar was declared as the winner of the competition for his effective use of perspective and framing in his photograph of JNU campus. Shivam Arora for his photograph of Army College of Medical Science, Yash Jeena for Gautam Buddha University campus and Vivek Aggarwal for Ambadeep Tower got Special Mentions on jury’s discretion. The competition was held with an objective to honour varied visual styles and interpretations by photographers, architects, designers, and enthusiasts to acknowledge disciplines as diverse as architecture, urban design, interior design, public art, construction engineering, urban sociology and landscape design.

WFM  l  March - April 2018

Linarte design wall cladding


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Window & Facade Magazine - March/April 2018 issue  

F & F Media and Publications Window & Facade Magazine (WFM) is a technical journal published by F & F Media and Publications.

Window & Facade Magazine - March/April 2018 issue  

F & F Media and Publications Window & Facade Magazine (WFM) is a technical journal published by F & F Media and Publications.

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