Page 1 Volume 4 | Issue 1 | ` 100 September - October 2017

FENESTRATION TECHNOLOGIES & SPECIFICATIONS Key factors affecting the performance of windows & doors The latest advancements in profile technologies Industry Speaks

Dr. Prashanth Reddy Managing Director, FunderMax India Pvt. Ltd.

Face to Face

Manit Rastogi & Sonali Rastogi Founder Partners, Morphogenesis

Fenestration Industry Review Amit Malhotra, Leader, McCoy Group of Companies

Glass Doors


The ideal combination is born. Sealing and hardware systems for high performance windows and doors. Schlegel seal range provides the ultimate high-performance technology in energy-saving sealing for aluminium, PVC and timber framed windows and doors. Giesse innovative hardware range for aluminium windows and doors includes over 8.000 products for all types of opening with a wide variety of applications and more than 100 registered patents. Our solutions combine innovative hardware with high quality sealing systems, giving your windows and doors the best performance.

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Volume 4 I Issue 1 September - October 2017 PUBLISHED BY F & F Media and Publications Pvt. Ltd. C-55, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase - 1, New Delhi-110 020 T: +91-11-40623356 CO-FOUNDERS Syed Ahad Ahmed Amit Malhotra Sarvesh Bagla TECHNICAL PANEL Mahesh Arumugam Director Meinhardt Façade Consultants KR Suresh Regional Director  xis Façade Consulting A EDITORIAL  enu Rajaram R +91 9312864830 Esha Sharma e +91 98119 86040 Potshangbam July Senior Sub-Editor MARKETING & OPERATIONS Kapil Girotra +91 9560925255 SUBSCRIPTION & CIRCULATION Jasmeen Kour +91 9871151112 STUDIO DESIGN: Vermillion Communication Pvt. Ltd. RNI: DELENG/2014/57870


uPVC Doors and Windows – The Best Bet Mahesh Choudhary, CEO, uPVC Division, Aparna Enterprises Ltd.


How to Select the Right uPVC Profile System Robert Höllrigl, Executive Director - R&D, Encraft India Pvt. Ltd.


Window Remote Control and Operation Systems Ashim Chugh, Promoter-Director, LGF SYSMAC


Everyone Deserves a Healthy Indoor Climate Awanish Mishra, Area Sales Manager-India, Renson Ventilation (Sun protection-Outdoor)


Glass Ceramic for Façade Systems Srinivas Bhagavatula, In charge - Indian Operations, Magna GmbH & Magna, GlasKeramik GmbH


Evolution of Fenestration Industry in India Amit Malhotra, Leader, McCoy Group of Companies


Fenestration Technologies & Specifications Cover Story: Discussing the key factors affecting the performance of windows & doors, and the latest advancements inprofile technologies


Face to Face Interview: Manit Rastogi & Sonali Rastogi, Founder Partners, Morphogenesis


Industry Speaks Interview: Dr. Prashanth Reddy, Managing Director, FunderMax India Pvt. Ltd.


Energy-Efficient Insulated Panels Fire Rated ACPs at Kochi Smart City


Sculptural Office Building The Crescent, Surat, Gujarat


The Non-Façade Façade Jai Prakash Narayan International Centre, Lucknow


Unravelling the Brand Story Through Façade Classic Marble Company, Mumbai


Smart Windows to Cut Energy Use Google Inc., New York, USA


Post Event Reports • UWDMA’s Regional Conferences at Gurugram& Hyderabad • Festival of Architecture & Interior Designing (FoAID), New Delhi • ZAK World Of Façades, Bengaluru

Cover Courtesy: FunderMax India Pvt. Ltd.

DISCLAIMER: With regret we wish to say that publishers cannot be held responsible or liable for error or omission contained in this publication. The opinions and views contained in this publication are not necessarily those of the publishers. Readers are advised to seek expert advice before acting on any information contained in this publication which are very generic in nature. The Magazine does not accept responsibility for the accuracy of claims made by advertisers. The ownership of trademarks is acknowledged. No part of this publication or any part of the contents thereof may be reproduced in any form or context without the permission of publishers in writing. WRITE TO THE EDITOR Please address your suggestions to: The Editor, Window & Façade Magazine, C55, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase – 1, New Delhi, 110020 or email Please provide your full name and address, stating clearly if you do not wish us to print them. Alternatively log on to and air your views. The opinions expressed in this section are of particular individuals and are in no way a reflection of the publisher’s views. “Printed and Published by Amit Malhotra on behalf of M/s F & F Media and Publications Pvt.Ltd. Printed and published at EIH Limited- Unit Printing Press, Manesar Haryana-122050. Name of the Editor-Ms. Renu Rajaram”

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EDITOR’S NOTE The Indian fenestration industry has undergone many changes in terms of engineering and material usage over the years. Window and door manufacturers, suppliers and dealers use a variety of energy-efficient technologies, methods and products for their projects in order to bring in more sustainability. The fundamental goal of the fenestration is to develop a climate control system that enables individuals to significantly improve the energy efficiency of their home or office building. This solution incorporates control over both light and heat entering the room by optimizing room fenestration. The September/October issue of Window and Facade magazine is exploring this topic and how it relates to the fenestration industry. Creating a building that is not only beautiful and comfortable, but also highly efficient requires a design approach that considers the entire building – that is the indoor climate controls and the building envelope as a single, integrated system. Unsurpassed thermal performance is another key aspect to consider while providing fenestration solutions. Novel fenestration systems offer the freedom to create building envelopes with large window-to-wall ratios that minimize energy loss while enhancing security, moisture and acoustic control. Whether it is an energy retrofit of an existing building or designing a net-zero energy structure, modern technologies and materials can help you achieve your goals. Such systems achieve energy savings by maximizing beneficial heat transfer and natural lighting through window, and minimizing use of artificial lighting and the traditional HVAC system. Smart Window is an exploration into sustainable development, which intends to create a superior indoor climate for building occupants and positively influence humanity’s ability to capitalize on renewable resources. Due to rising energy costs, advanced energy-saving technologies, such systems are gaining market advantage by saving money and alleviating stress on an increasingly problematic energy sector. In addition to a few interesting articles on novel fenestration systems, this edition of the magazine presents a number of enlightening articles on new-age façade materials and technologies, acoustic properties of glass, smoke and heat exhaust systems, etc. As always, we are very much interested in your thoughts on how we might improve façade & window experience and assure your continued participation in our future editions. With this issue, W&F Magazine has taken a step further towards the future to investigate how to optimize livability and sustainability in future buildings.

Renu Rajaram SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  7


uPVC DOORS AND WINDOWS– THE BEST BET About the Author: Mahesh Choudhary is the CEO of uPVC Division of Aparna Enterprises, a flagship company of Aparna group and one of the leading players within manufacturing & fabrication of building material segment. He is responsible for the business growth of uPVC Division, Doors & Windows. Mahesh has 18 years of rich experience at various capacities, and he is a management graduate and certified business manager from IIM Ahmedabad. The brand “Venster” is well-known for its products and is available in the market today. Another big product of its profile portfolio “OKOTECH” has a strong presence across the country.

Mahesh Choudhary CEO, uPVC Division, Aparna Enterprises Ltd.

uPVC windows & doors are the best bet for anyone who is ignorant about their doors and windows. It is environmental-friendly, rust and corrosion resistant and hence has increased longevity as compared to others. The technology, design and the testing process for the uPVC doors and windows helps to bring out their unique properties. As a tradition in India, we have seen that the doors and windows are done by a carpenter who is known to a family or through someone’s reference, and who primarily uses wood, mild steel or aluminium as frames over some glass and uses some basic hardware such as handles, shoot-bolts and hinges to create the structure. But the life span of those windows is very short.

uPVC windows have many advantages

10 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Globally, windows have come a long way from being insignificant to being recognized as the single most important area in a building for preventing energy loss and providing inhabitants with comfort. The primary objective of the division is to innovate and

High performance and durability of uPVC windows & doors requires the following technical qualities: uValue (W/m2K): This measures how well a window is able to prevent heat transfer across itself either from outside to inside, or vice-versa. The lower the u value, the better is the windows’ insulating value. Today, state-of-the-art window making technology ensures u values of even 0.2 W/m2K.uPVC windows have uValue 1.5 to 1.7 W/m2K. Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC): This measures how well a window blocks heat caused by sunlight. It is expressed as a number between 0 and 1. The lower the SHGC, the less solar heat the window transmits.

Track sliding window

create quality products that would enhance the new-age building architecture. Apart from this, windows today also have to ensure low/high solar heat gain (depending on climate), day lighting, noise attenuation, low dust ingress, air/water tightness, aesthetics, low maintenance requirements, and the likes.

Visible Transmittance (VT): This measures how much light comes through the window. VT is expressed as a number between 0 and 1; the higher the number, the more the light is transmitted. Air Leakage (AL) cfm/Sqft: When air infiltrates through cracks in a window, heat gain from outside or cooling loss from inside can happen. AL rating is expressed as the equivalent cubic feet of air passing through a square foot of window area. The lower the value, lesser the AL. The uPVC windows and doors are welded to ensure that there is no air gap.

Aparna Venster’s windows installed at Brigade Omega Project, Bangalore

12 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

laminated, tempered, sound resistant, insulated, bent and yes, even bullet proof glasses that are available in the market today and this range of glass is known for its strength and sturdiness. Selection of Hardware: Selecting the best fit hardware for uPVC doors and windows are key to the performance. Hardware available are handles, hinges, friction stays, door locks, cylinders, multi-point locks, rollers, threshold, door closers, etc. For handles- looks, quality, design and colour matching the profile should be given the priority. The selection of right hinges and rollers depends on the panel size and weight.

A premium uPVC manufacturer uses a formulation that meets the weather conditions in India

Water Tightness: Is the way to measure how much water can infiltrate through cracks/joints in windows. This is an important test for coastal and/or heavy rain areas.

Selection of Appropriate Profile: The design of the profile is important to get high performance of the doors and windows along with the aesthetics. We need to understand the way it is manufactured and fitted. Good quality hinges and locks, well-engineered reinforcement used where necessary and the right screws in the right places with the precise measurement of the window are the factors that play an equally important part. With the strengthening of properties like galvanized sections of steel, the profiles that are attached to the doors and windows have a more sturdy finish. The frame manufacturer should ensure that the frame has sufficient rigidity to stay within the permissible relative frontal deflection limits.

Noise Attenuation or Reduction: Due to their better seal ability and product integrity, uPVC windows ensure that noise from outside does not come into the habitable area. This property is important for hospitals, hotels, educational institutions, and constructions close to noise centres, etc. Wind Load Suitability: Windows have to withstand higher wind loads, particularly in windy locations, coastal areas, high rises, etc. uPVC windows are designed and reinforced to withstand even 3,000 Pascals of wind speed (equivalent to 245 km/hr of wind velocity). Types of Glass Used: Choice of glass can really impact the performance of doors and windows by affecting energy savings, views, privacy and security. Different type of glass, like security glass of up to maximum 28 mm thickness, is recommended for installation. One has to understand that glass fitting is just as important as the installation of uPVC doors and windows. That is exactly why this technology also comes with an offer and the choice of an entire range of glass that can easily be fitted into these uPVC frames. There are choices of

14 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Casement window

A premium uPVC manufacturer uses a formulation that meets the weather conditions in India. The right levels of all components are critical. “Titanium dioxide” provides the UV stability and colourfastness for the white profile. This compound protects windows and doors from discolouring. Titanium has a very high price and hence the premium doors and windows costs are high. The outer wall thickness of profiles should be minimum 2.2 mm and above (2.8mm A grade) for better functioning. Installation: Installation of uPVC windows & doors are very critical. The profiles should be cut to length and welded to 45 degrees. The window unit should be designed such that the water drainage does not pass through the reinforcement chamber. The window system should be fixed directly to the brick wall using self-expanding nylon plug and driving MS zinc coated screws into the plug. Lead free unplasticised polyvinyl chloride (uPVC) is a rigid and chemically resistant form of PVC. It has various advantages which are enhanced to meet the customers’ expectations, such as need very less maintenance and are much stronger as compared to traditional wooden and aluminium products. Unlike wooden products, when exposed to damp weather conditions, uPVC products do not swell or warp. uPVC’s durability is absolutely unquestionable.

Laminated sliding door

When compared to the aluminium counterparts, uPVC doors and windows are hands down better in terms of security, appearance and most importantly, the value for money. Apart from temperature, uPVC products remain unaffected by termite, rust, corrosion and dust. Keeping the above advantages of uPVC, we need to educate the Indian customers. Durability, comfort and style are further enhanced by engineered design for excellent insulation and easy clean, low maintenance surfaces. There is a range of uPVC doors for bedrooms, living rooms and balconies while the uPVC widows can be attached almost anywhere! There are options for sliding doors, fold & slide doors and in the case of windows, there are casement windows, sliding windows, and tilt & turn windows.

Laminated sliding window

uPVC windows& doors are increasingly becoming the material of choice for achieving economic and environmental balance as well as meeting higher demands on inhabitant’s comfort. With the natural resources dwindling fast, traditional products are becoming more expensive. At the same time, the requirement of building materials is increasing by many folds. uPVC windows and doors are making an enormous contribution to many different aspects of infrastructure development and hence need to be on every architect, interior decorator or builders radar screen. SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  15


HOW TO SELECT THE RIGHT UPVC PROFILE SYSTEM About the Author: Robert Höllrigl is the Executive Director of R&D at Encraft India Pvt. Ltd. He advised this truly Indian venture since 2006 and joined Encraft full-time in 2013. His involvement in fenestration covers more than 4 decades of uPVC window and door R&D and workplaces like Cincinnati – Battenfeld (Austria), W.H. Smith (Extrusions) Ltd, WHS Halo, Bowater Building Products and VEKA UK.

Robert Höllrigl Executive Director - R&D Encraft India Pvt. Ltd

In 1959, uPVC windows have started an unrivalled success story, covering all five continents, five decades later. It seems that history is repeating itself, every time uPVC fenestration enters a new market, confusing and contradictory information is being released to architects, builders, potential

School Project - Gurugram

16 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

fabricators and general public. India is no exception, hence Encraft’s attempt to highlight important considerations when selecting a uPVC profile system. 1. Ensure that the uPVC profile system you are buying is from a reputable brand meeting the European standard EN 12608-1:2016 (uPVC profile standard) and the uPVC profiles are 100per cent lead-free. Ideally, the uPVC window and door systems design shall reflect India’s unique fenestration requirements. 2. Ensure that that manufacturer of the uPVC window and door system shall be able to provide a test report/test certificate that covers at least 8000 hours artificial weathering testing in accordance with EN 513 which is included in EN 12608, the uPVC profile standard. Please note: EN 513 test results obtained for 6000 hours European severe climate may not be sufficient for India’s tropical conditions. 3. Confirm that the depth of the profile system can house sufficiently large reinforcement sections

Lift & Slide Door Systems EN142 Lift & Slide v v v

Sliding in-line Aluminium low threshold Internal panel sliding, external add-on mesh

v v v

~50% clear opening with external flush handle 4 to 36 mm glazing 142 mm outer frame depth

Shree Parshwa Antilia, Ahmedabad

to cope with local wind conditions, security and safety requirements. 4. Ensure that the chosen steel reinforcement thickness is based on facts and calculations and shall not be below 1.0 mm thickness to ensure sufficient screw retention. 5. Make sure that the hardware is of good quality meeting expected life cycle and corrosion resistance requirements. The hardware must be compatible with the window and door system. Also ensure that the strikers and keeps are designed to suit the profile system because performance, security and long-term durability will depend on those dedicated components. 6. Ensure that the quality of the rubber gasket meets national or international standards, especially in terms of recovery rate, which is an important prerequisite for dynamic weather-seals and longterm performance. Nowadays, modern gaskets are sulphur-free, recycle-able and do not release carbon black whilst frame cleaning. 7. Ensure that your uPVC system can provide solutions for modern European and traditional Indian fenestration applications. The system shall offer as much interchangeability as possible; it shall provide solutions for the various glazing requirements; it shall offer static coupling options and a comprehensive ancillary range to fulfil the needs of today’s Indian architecture. 8. Confirm that you know more facts about the uPVC offering before purchasing and/or

18 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Farm House in Pune

specifying because there are so many misleading misconceptions. Old, entrenched marketing arguments are still being promoted throughout India. Some of them, no one can really explain, for example, the genuine justification for thicker walled uPVC profiles, especially for emerging markets (like India) that are striving towards cost effectiveness and raw material sustainability from day one. Even European uPVC purists or uPVC hardliners can only come up with 3 ‘light-weight’ arguments for thicker walled profiles like better screw retention, increased weld strength and frame U-Value reduction. Those historic arguments are easily refuted nowadays by facts and figures. Compliance with the European standard EN 12608-1:2016 makes any further discussion about profile quality and suitability, superfluous. NOTE: EN 12608-1:2016 covers uPVC profiles used in 28 EU countries, spread over two climatic zones and hundreds of countryspecific fenestration applications. In the absence of an Indian Standard for uPVC profiles, EN 12608-1:2016 has been chosen as the reference and benchmark. There are many more points to consider when starting in uPVC fenestration, but selecting the partner with the ‘right’ uPVC window system is probably the most important decision. 



Ashim Chugh is the Promoter-Director at LGF SYSMAC (India) Pvt. Ltd. His company offers end-to-end architectural hardware solutions to the aluminium and uPVC windows & door industry. Its celebrated alliances with the world’s top brands has given it the impetus to contribute towards the development of this ever growing building & construction industry. Ashim is a dynamic entrepreneur and is a firm believer of smart working. He is an MBA from the prestigious Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, New Delhi and carries a 17-year experience in business development and administration. Ashim’s strengths include his ability to manage multiple tasks, balance competing priorities and responding quickly and efficiently to changing business needs. He is a quick learner, trustworthy, ethical, well-organized, creative and an initiator to achieve goals.

Ashim Chugh Promoter-Director, LGF SYSMAC

Natural smoke and heat exhaust ventilation improve the indoor safety condition in case of fire inside a building.

MAIN RISKS DURING FIRE In the event of fire inside of a building, smoke and hot gases rise up in the building, creating a layer of dangerous gases under the ceiling, which fill up the room in a very short time. The smoke precludes the visibility of the emergency exit or impedes the prompt intervention of the firemen. Due to the toxic substance of the smoke, the 90% of fire victims die due to smoke inhalation. The second critical risk is the flashover caused by the very high temperature inside the building that could generate explosion or big damages to the building structures, with the consequent collapse.

WHY USE SMOKE VENTILATION? For avoiding the above dangerous events and keeping escape routes clear for longer, and also to

20 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Fig.1: Principle of smoke ventilation (without NSHEV system)

ensure that the fire service can quickly and safely locate and extinguish a fire, a natural smoke and heat exhaust systems (NSHEV) must be integrated in the fire protection concept. The NSHEV consist in a system of automatic opening windows installed in the upper sections of the façade

SHEVs (Smoke and heat exhaust ventilation systems) open immediately

Chimney effect allows fast evacuation

Easy firemen intervention

Fig.2: Principle of smoke ventilation (with NSHEV)

or on the roof for letting the building free from smoke and heat. Ventilation openings in the lower area increase the thermal uplift, generating a “chimney effect”.

NSHEV DEFINITION NSHEV systems can be divided in two main categories:  Façade Exhaust System (vertical façade).  Roof Exhaust System. The NSHEV consist in an electrical drive installed and operating on vertical or horizontal window design and developed for resisting to very high heat (up to 300°C) and reliability (up to 10,000 cycles) tests.

Fig.3: Façade exhaust system & Roof exhaust system

Summarizing, the following benefits can be achieved installing a NSHEV system:  People protection against smoke inhalation.  Grant visibility for firemen intervention.  Preserve the building structures.  Minimum use of extinguishing agents.


Fig.4: Chain Drive

Façade Exhaust System is composed by electrical chain drive (or rack or spindle drive) installed in smoke and heat exhaust systems (SHEV); top hung or bottom hung window can be implemented.

ROOF EXHAUST SYSTEM Is composed by electrical drive (rack or spindle drive) installed in smoke and heat exhaust systems (SHEV), usually installed on the upper part of the building, directly on the roof or in the nearest area.

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Fig.5: SHEV + chain drive = NSHEV

Fig.6: Rack drive

Fig.7: Roof SHEV + rack drive = NSHEV

NSHEV SYSTEMS NSHEV systems need electrical power supply 24Vdc and should be connected to an electric system for smoke and heat extraction which are composed of a control unit and related smoke and heat detector and/

or emergency push buttons. The control unit should include power supply backup solution that aims to grant 24Vdc even if the main power supply 230Vac is down due to the blackout caused by the fire.

Fig. 8: NSHEV systems

FAÇADE EXHAUST SYSTEM Smoke ventilation can benefit the following building types.

SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  23


EVERYONE DESERVES A HEALTHY INDOOR CLIMATE About the Author: Awanish Mishra represents Renson as the area sales manager for India. Renson is a Belgium-based family business that is increasingly widening its horizons internationally. Also in India, Renson is intensifying its ambition to be a global player in the fields of ventilation, sun protection and outdoor concepts and that’s how Awanish got involved in the Renson family for over one year now. For this dynamic trendsetter in ventilation, sun protection and outdoor solutions, devising healthy and comfortable living and working environments underpins everything they do.

Awanish Mishra Area Sales Manager-India, Renson Ventilation - Sunprotection-Outdoor

Offices, schools, hospitals and rest homes are – just as homes – intended to provide people with a suitable working, learning and living environment. So it is very important to create a healthy indoor environment and minimise the energy needs of those buildings. Thermal, visual, acoustic comfort and a supply of fresh air are the basic elements for a comfortable indoor environment. It goes without saying that sufficient fresh air is important. Just opening windows is not enough. You need continuous, controlled ventilation, but the main problem with full mechanical ventilation is the risk of contamination. Thermal comfort means that it is not too hot or not too cold - a pleasant temperature all year round. Of course, this is often subjective and sometimes calls for personal control. If you have large glass areas, particularly facing south, controlling the temperature in the summer is not always easy as there is the problem of overheating. You need to be able to allow sufficient daylight in without glare or annoying reflections

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Continuous controlled ventilation and lighting are essential for indoor comfort

during the day, use pleasant artificial light in the evening and have effective light exclusion at night. The view outside is also important. When it comes to living comfort, looking onto a garden is more desirable than gazing at a bare factory wall.


Keep out the sun by just sliding Frame with in aluminium blades Available in different finishes and colours


Frame with cedar blades

Loggialu® Plano


Loggialu® Privacy

Loggiawood® Privacy

Frame with sun shading fabric

Loggiascreen® Canvas

Loggialu® Stirata

Loggiawood® Linea

Privacy finish: rotating blades

Awanish Mishra | Area Sales Manager India Mob: +91 99 10 501 110 • •

Loggialu® Wooddesign

Hence an unhealthy indoor environment can lead to:  Respiratory problems  Dry throat  Burning or irritated eyes  Headaches  Allergies  Lack of concentration  Grogginess  Listlessness  Drowsiness Basic ventilation provides good air quality into the building (IAQ or Indoor Air Quality). Sufficient fresh outside air expels the polluted inside air from the building using the principle of supply, transfer and extraction.

Sufficient fresh air is important aspect of indoor environment

AIR QUALITY AND HEALTH Excellent insulation without enough ventilation produces “dead” air in buildings where dust mites, moulds, viruses, bacteria and even dangerous chemical substances (CO2, CO, radon, VOC) can accumulate. Each time we breathe in, our lungs could inhale these microscopic particles. They then could pass through the bloodstream to invade the adipose tissue, kidneys, liver, glands, etc.

Basic ventilation provides good air quality into the building

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DYNAMIC EXTERNAL SUN PROTECTION A building or home with large glazed surfaces facing south can offer many advantages. During the autumn, winter and spring, you can enjoy the benefits of the incoming sunlight. However, in the summer this can lead to overheating and an annoying glare on TV and computer screens throughout the year. Structural sun protection and sunscreens can prevent this overheating and limit the amount of glare. They stop the sun’s rays before they come into contact with the glazed surfaces and the undesired heat and blinding light from entering the building. And yet you can still keep that important visual contact with your environment. So external sun protection is needed

Structural external sun protection consists of extruded aluminium blades which can be fitted continuously or in a frame

to control the entry of the sun’s heat. It is not only necessary for buildings with a lot of glass facing south, but also for those with a fair amount of glass on the western and eastern façades. Combined with wisely chosen glass, fabric sun protection screens are a perfect compromise between heat control and light entry. The photometric properties of the glass and the sunscreen, such as the reflection, absorption and transmission properties, help produce the gtot value (the shading coefficient, previously called SC). The gtot value indicates the shading efficiency of the chosen glass/ screen combination. Other fabric properties are the openness factor and the uV transmission rate. This dynamic sun protection is wind-tight in large surfaces as well. Opening it in winter, permits the sun to warm up the building for free. In summer fabric screens protect from overheating inside. Structural external sun protection consists of extruded aluminium blades which can be fitted continuously or in a frame. These sun protection blades can be fitted above windows in the southfacing façades: horizontal awnings like these are the ideal solution for controlling heat entry from sunlight but without blocking the view. They are the perfect protection in the summer, when the sun is high. In winter, when the sun is low, they let the warmth into the building. Blades like these can also be mounted vertically before a glass surface.

VENTILATION AND SUN PROTECTION FOR HIGH RISE BUILDINGS There can be totally different requirements applicable to high-rise buildings in terms of ventilation, sun protection, and terrace coverings compared to normal construction: perfect alignment with every type of curtain wall and aesthetic integration,

Customised sunshades in a high-rise building

SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  29

for example, without losing energy efficiency or durability. The result is often custom-made, providing a solution that not only conforms with all the visual performance requirements, but also meets all the requirements in terms of health and a comfortable indoor climate. Studies have shown that no less than 80 per cent of people in high-rise office buildings or apartment buildings still want to feel like they can bring fresh air inside. But opening a window is not always an option in this case. Luckily, there are plenty of customised ventilation louvers that always provide a great alternative to supply the necessary fresh air in the curtain walls that are so often characteristic of high rises: aesthetically integrated and compliant with the requirements for acoustics, wind-resistance, airflow, rain, insects, security and the possibility to regulate this yourself.

Large glass panels ensure that there is sufficient daylight

Large glass panels ensure that there is sufficient daylight, but at the same time, the direct incoming sunlight often disturbs the visual comfort and increases the risk of overheating during hotter period. Increasingly better insulated high rises definitely include external solar protection to deflect the sunlight before it has a chance to reach the glass. This helps to avoid increasing costs for active cooling.


There can be totally different requirements applicable to high-rise buildings in terms of ventilation & sun protection

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The continuous louvre system can be used to finish façades, façade components or technical plant rooms into a continuous unit (even acoustically covered) with a strong horizontal or vertical accent. Gates and doors can also be covered with the same blades to produce uniformity. Architectural unity is the keyword here.


GLASS CERAMIC FOR FAÇADE SYSTEMS About the Author: Srinivas Bhagavatula, MBA in Marketing Management, has created a niche for himself in the field of granite business. Handling Magna Group’s activities in India, comprising Magna Naturstein GmbH and Magna Wetsfalia GmbH since December 1993 and Magna Glasskeramik GmbH since January 2016, he has steered the company to the heights of success. Working for various social causes, Srinivas has been a part of several projects meant for society concerns. This innate quality of his made him to readily fall in love with this elite invention - glass ceramic. He presently holds the responsibility of Incharge-Indian Operations of Magna group of companies.

Srinivas Bhagavatula In charge - Indian Operations, Magna GmbH & Magna GlasKeramik GmbH

generations in mind, many new innovative products are coming in to the market. One such product is glass ceramic. Glass ceramic stands as a true performance circular economy material which offers a wide range of applications bringing full creative freedom and functionality. The main advantage of glass ceramic is not only its contribution to the environment, but of a unique, exclusive and durable material, produced under stringent quality standards which also offers an exciting aesthetics.

Façade with Jade Glass Ceramic

Construction industry is the largest energy consumer and greenhouse gas emitter, both in the developed and developing countries. We must admit the role of construction industry in the global warming issues. Keeping the social responsibility towards the future

32 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

This glass ceramic material is almost 100% recyclable. Glass ceramic plays an important role in the careful use of natural resources and improvement of the sustainability balance in building projects and design objects. This is an enormously important factor in view of ecological requirements. When polished, glass ceramic emits a radiant shimmer, and when patinated/leather surfaced, it has a unique

maintenance, but also offers very rare environmental benefits compared to other façade cladding types. The product is so unusual that BREEAM and other ratings, typical product types and listings do not have a suited category. Glass ceramic is a material made without resort to resins to bond parts together, is an homogenous and annealed, crystallization of sintered glass with the known strength benefits of these crystal structures, it is a material made entirely from broken glass viewed as a waste material from industry; as such it is fully recyclable by any glass processor locally at the end of a long lifespan.

Chapel Hofgeismar in Germany, designed by gmp Architekten. The backlit surfaces of the ceiling and the window wall are made of translucent, jade-coloured structural/cast glass

appearance and texture. Two main application areas are offered, external façade cladding and wall and interior fit-out. One can find its application in construction industry in all the places, where all we can find granite and glass used as slabs, for example kitchen tops, table/bar tops, wash basins, cladding, steps, flooring in interior applications. On one hand, the interior design applications, such as countertops, vanities and showers or internal walls; and on the other hand, for façade, follow green building recommendations (LEED, BREAM or DGNB).

You can, of course, state all glass is recyclable, but in fact to create fresh clear glass from broken cullet one has to use very high temperatures of 1200 deg C which creates a heavy carbon foot print, whereas this product is sintered at around 700 deg C to hugely reduce this negative aspect to around a third of the comparable energy input.

GLASS CERAMIC FOR EXTERIORS APPLICATIONS Glass ceramic can be used as a rain screen material as one sees with natural stone slab. However, it has advantages over stone on evenness of colour

Particularly awe-inspiring is the magnificence that results when a piece is back-lit, bringing a charming and warming 3D visual effect.

CRYSTALLIZED UPCYCLED GLASS CERAMIC Glass ceramic is essentially upcycled trade waste glass which is crystallized, but acts like neither glass nor stone. It is a material with more life in it than a clear glass sheet, a material with more evenness and control than natural stone slabs. Glass ceramic is an entirely new sheet material which incorporates the advantages of glass and the beauty of natural stone in one material character. Glass ceramic is a cladding product that envelopes a design with a timeless and luxurious mantle, a material which not only offers the play of light of a semi-transparent material, heavy durability and low

Offices and homes, Lenné-Dreieck, Berlin. Architects Petzinka Pink und Partner

SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  33

Another project by gmp Architekten at Guangzhou, China. Glass Ceramic offers the play of light and used as a semitransparent cladding.

     

ECO CREDENTIALS 100% upcycled trade waste glass 100% recyclability at local glass processors as there is zero resin content Sintering is at a low temperature, around a third of the energy footprint of clear glass recycling ISO 14001 environmental management system expected Cradle to cradle gold standard expected Aims to self generate 40% of energy & cooling needs from own renewable energy sources.

and pattern, recyclability, durability, self-cleaning capability and also reduced thickness for large panel sizes. Applications can be divided into two main types: open ventilated rainscreen and closed curtain wall but one should say that we can divide it into types of design effect through the level of translucence or one can divide into the method of fixing and detailing. Safety is achieved via lamination to glass or using safety films and also helps bring in transparency, as well as a link between the interior and exterior space with the least adjustment.

FIXATION AND TECHNOLOGY OF GLASS CERAMIC The well-known German fixing specialist Fischer AG has successfully developed the undercut FZP-15x15.5 M8/16 G-Z especially for glass ceramic façades. These can be fitted into the back of every façade panel, according to the required structural needs. Structural glazing of façade panels is also suited to mount glass ceramic on interior walls. Other additional solutions for integrating complex façade panels, such as lamination, which has opened up options for the development of insulating glass, as well as laminated safety glass, which holds itself together upon shattering.

A new modern wing at the Abbey Liesborn Museum showcasing glass ceramic façade

34 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

A serious amount of interest has been found in the market for using glass ceramic in a closed system thereby adding a performance to a façade by improving the insulation. It is now being used on major art gallery projects which were considering laminated translucent stone façades but are now

Aedas RHWL Architects’ Talbot Gateway in Blackpool, is of a typical rain screen open jointed solution, using the HILTI undercarriage with the Fischer Anchor

looking at a recycled glass durability, imperviousness and its evenness of colour. In this system one can even add warm edge technology and significantly improve the insulation over a laminated solution.

As Managing Director of Magna Glaskeramik GmbH., Jochen Thumm says, “Sustainability is a trend of the future and glass ceramic, made out of recycled glass is 100 % in trend”.

The project, Aedas RHWL Architects’ Talbot Gateway in Blackpool, is of a typical rain screen open jointed solution, using the HILTI undercarriage with the Fischer Anchor.

(The author could be reached at magnaindia@yahoo. com and at +91 9341232491.)

Technical Data

36 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017




Product: Greenlam Clads Design No: 9108 Design Name: Arch Wood Location: Rajamahendravaram Muncipal Corporation, Rajamahendravaram, Andhra Pradesh

Greenlam, a name that reckons with quality in the laminate and veneer industry, recently came up with CLADS, an exterior grade compact panel that can easily be applied on the outer surfaces of buildings.

WHAT MAKES GREENLAM CLADS DIFFERENT FROM THE REST? Compact panels possess the highest bonding strength between the layers in comparison with other materials. They do not chip or delaminate under impact or blows or vibrations. A Fire retardant rating of the material is BS1D0. It is classified by the European institutes in the highest class for fire resistance of organic materials. Clad Compact Panels have high resistance to external stress or impacts and stains and cannot easily be affected by climatic pressures. The Environment friendly products are non-porous and waterproof in nature, can withstand the extreme temperature easily and have a long life.

The technology rests on three key pillars: 1. Superior Manufacturing Process: If caters for high bonding strength, mechanically sturdy products, evades splintering, easy machin ability, excellent fire-retarding properties, high dimensional stability, high impact resistance EN ISO 178, and bending resistance EN ISO 178, 2. Special Décor Paper: They are produced making use of high quality imported exterior grade décor prints, extreme light stable pigments and special chemical & inks. The décor paper is rated 7-8 on Blue wool scale & 3-5 on Grey scale, hence further making product fit for usage on exteriors. Décor papers are certified for light fastness (EN-438-2) 3. Special Protective Film: They are of excellent UV performance, extreme weather stability, excellent chemical resistance, high anti-soiling properties, scratch resistant, resistant to corrosion, having high anti-static properties & excellent anti-graffiti properties, frost resistant, resistant to acid rains and easy cleanability of surface.

The Environment friendly products are non-porous and waterproof in nature

A premier player in exterior cladding in India, Greenlam Clads has an entire range of exclusive collection of exterior grades on offer to give the outer surfaces a unique signature look.

USP OF GREENLAM CLADS Greenlam CLADS is made using superior GLE technology which lends it various advantages such as, excellent UV performance making the exteriors not lose their colors over the time. Greenlam CLADS also comes with a warranty of 10 years.

38 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Greenlam Industries Limited 1501-1505, Narain Manzil, 23 Barakhamba Road, New Delhi – 110001; Contact no: 011 – 42791399; Email:



Amit Malhotra is the Leader of McCoy Group of Companies. He is a wellknown personality in the silicone and building products industry in SAARC nations. Amit joined the family business of water proofing started by his late father Mr VK Malhotra in 1993. From its humble origin, McCoy Group has come a long way and has offices in India and abroad and sourcing offices globally, with an annual turnover of more than 150 crores. Amit is the Marketing Head & Treasurer of uPVC Window and Door Manufacturers Association, known as UWDMA, and was also the President of Confederation of Construction Products and Services (CCPS) for many years. In his professional life, Amit has chaired many committees of various industry’s associations. In his constant endeavour to learn, he is currently pursuing an Executive Education Programme at the Harvard Business School (OPM), Boston, USA from 2015.

Amit Malhotra Leader, McCoy Group of Companies

The Indian fenestration industry has undergone many changes in terms of engineering and material usage over the years. Wood windows have been in use since the birth of the building construction. Other building elements like steel and aluminium came much later, i.e., in late 20th century, and only recently uPVC has been introduced in India. Let’s have a look at the evolution of the fenestration industry in India.

THE ERA OF PRIVATIZATION The active growth of Indian building/construction industry happened in the late 90’s and early 2000s, when the IT complexes were sprawling across the country, starting from Bangalore to Hyderabad and Mumbai, Delhi and then Gurugram. Almost all the major real estate developers, such as DLF, Unitech, Hiranandani, Rahejas, Prestige and Brigade started paying attention on constructing state-of-the-art buildings, made using the latest technologies and designs available in the market at the time. Owing to the sudden growth, curtain wall fabricators

40 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Glass in big windows have changed from sheet to processed glass

could be seen juggling with projects related to the commercial structurally glazed buildings. All major 15-20 fabricators took big glazing jobs and changed glass from sheet to float and later processed glass. Aluminium extruders were not far behind, with operations running 24x7 and earning millions by churning tones of box sections for the glazing


Curtain Wall


Site Fabricated Windows

Shop Fabricated Windows













Vinyl, Other






Types of commercial framing materials (Source: AAMA/WDMA 2011/2012 study of the US market for windows, doors and skylights)

industry. Analysing the industry progress in late 20th and early 21st centuries, it could be seen that the growth was very optimistic with the developers concentrated on the commercial buildings as opposed to the residential or mass scale housing.

FENESTRATION MARKET IN 21ST CENTURY The first few years of the 21st century were a period of general economic decline observed in world markets. For the first time ever the real estate industry started to see windows being sold as a complete system instead of just sq. ft. basis. From 2002 on, due to the lack of efforts towards good fenestration and windows, proper attention was given to window installation. Moreover, the need for upgrading many housing standards aroused. Fenesta, India’s largest windows and doors company, was launched in 2003 in technological collaboration with UK-based Spectus. Spread across 120 cities and a part of 5,200 crore DSCL group, Fenesta is the pioneer of uPVC windows in India. It has adapted the best of European technologies to develop products, especially suited for the Indian market. Thus uPVC windows were introduced in the Indian fenestration market. It is only fair to say that Fenesta make windows a Product Category and paved the way for the uPVC Industry.

A folding door is a type of door which opens by folding back in sections

Back in 2004, Southern India, led by Bangalore, was quick to accept uPVC as the new age window material followed by other regions. uPVC windows were booked in large orders with builders like Brigade and Prestige within first few months of starting the business. The growth extended to other regions and a millions of uPVC windows and doors were installed across the country. The product emerged as one of the most preferred material for windows and doors amongst end users and large developers.

THE GLOBAL MELTDOWN The commencement of 2008 brought downfall for the real estate owing to the worldwide recession. There was over-capacity and there were much more real estate, commercial and residential buildings available than in demand. Announced projects were put on hold and real estate companies took a big hit on losses, both in cost and space. Parallel to this, the fenestration industry also saw a decline in sales and demand. The later part of the first decade saw a slight uprising in the reale state sector again and the uPVC industry started to grow positively. The window manufacturers started getting loads of orders from residential projects with the housing boom. In a time frame of only three to four years, all major

Folding doors are designed to provide quick space division with moderate sound attenuation

SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  41

European and Turkish players and system sellers like Veka, Aluplast, Kommerling, Rehau, Wintech, etc., established in India along with many Chinese players. Events were organised to boost the sales of the products and machines for the uPVC industry and it was observed that more than 20 new uPVC fabricators were entering the market each year. The fenestration industry has come into its own in the second decade of 21st century onwards, marking its territory and establishing itself independent rather than just being related to architecture or facade. End of the first decade saw more than 150 uPVC door and window manufacturers in India (maximum in the South, then North, West and East of India), each of them making their uPVC windows popular to the developers in their respective regions. Developers understood the advantages of using uPVC window systems and chose it for various reasons. Window prices had increased from Rs.150-180 per sq. ft. for section aluminium to Rs.300 to 1,000 per sq. ft. Windows were sold in retail for individual homes by the uPVC window manufacturers. A home owner could order a window and expect to receive the real quality window with standard specifications which is perfectly sealed and packed. The aluminium window & door industry had also taken many encouraging initiatives. They had developed system windows and offered them to builders and developers. The evolution of the window industry helped enrich the knowledge of the aluminium hardware too. In the early part of this century, aluminium framed windows accounted for approximately 60 percent and remaining 35 percent together equalled wood, steel and uPVC account for approximately 7 percent. However, the introduction of the vinyl framed

uPVC Growth in India (uPVC growth in Crores in red bars) And (No. of fabricators in green bars) Unit





Profile Extrusion Lines






Installed Capacity



Window Fabricators


~ 2 /3




Hardware Mfgr / Opr




~ 10


Expected Turnover

Rs Cr









Machinery suppliers

25000 30000 40000






Steel Reinforcement





uPVC Industry - Growth in India

windows is a game changer in this industry and the segment is growing at a tremendous rate of 5-7 percent annually. Moreover, number of fabricators have increased from a mere two to three a decade ago to more than 500 in the country with an overall turnover of approximately Rs.500 crores in 2011 to more than Rs.1500 crores in 2015.

Aluminium Fabricators - Highly fragmented, but, TOP 20 control 80% of value and large projects market - Financial strength and engineering-support capacities. Mostly use own design. - Large Fabricators in Facades only. Entering Windows in tie-up with Systems companies Category

No. of players


Size/Revenues Rs. Crores



Large/special projects Facades (min size 1000 sq. m) ≥100 (~$ 15 Million)



Large projects (part) Facades and few windows




More windows and less of facades




Mostly only windows

Very small

Aluminium fabricators controlled the fenestration market earlier. Table showing size and revenue. Source: ABK Consulting.

44 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Large doors and windows are ideal for bringing nature indoors

ALLIED INDUSTRIES Many major window manufacturers were keen to make sure that the windows installed by them were perfectly waterproof, weatherproof, and acoustic and thermal insulated. To obtain the perfect finishing, they worked together with sealant manufacturers. Thus silicones were introduced to the fenestration uPVC industry. After silicones in 2003, acrylic sealants came in 2005 which was followed by PU foams in 2011. Today, all major uPVC window makers use sealants and foams since they are part of this revolution of the fenestration market. Sealant manufacturers trained their staff (applicators and employees) to make sure the windows are installed perfectly, making them waterproof, weatherproof, acoustic and thermal insulated to obtain perfect finishing. Many workshops were organised to train the applicators at different locations. These workshops had live demonstrations and videos to make the training more educational and interesting. Efforts were made to create an informal

Sealant manufacturers train their staff to make sure the windows are installed perfectly

46â&#x20AC;&#x201A;WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

uPVC framed windows are a game changer in this industry

atmosphere and foster interaction between technocommercial people and the participants over the live demonstration. These workshops had been attended by hundreds of participants from leading uPVC window manufacturers in India. Thanks to hundreds of uPVC fenestration manufacturers, their meetings and discussions with builders, developers and real estate owners on the effective use of silicone, sealant and PU foam have made the products in widespread use and become more popular in the industry as well. Sealants were also used in wood, aluminium or steel window joints to finish them perfectly and make them leak proof. Now it is well understood that silicones, acrylic sealants and PU foams have to be used in during the window installation for better results.

PRESENT SCENARIO Positive construction spending and renovation in existing constructions are expected to drive demand for windows and doors. Rising population would support the window and door market share for new constructions serving residential, commercial and commodity requirements. Commercialization, improving government and state finances and public funding in India will further enhance the business growth. As per the report published by the Global Market Insights, Inc., global Window and Door Market size were valued at over USD 82 billion in 2015 and is forecast to grow at 5.6 percent CAGR from 2016 to 2024. This revenue refers to window and door system or profile sales. Global demand was over 28,000 kilotons in 2015. It will witness steady growth at 3.9 percent. Infrastructure activities on a global scale coupled

properties. Furthermore, high environment-friendly features of the products such as re-usability & disposable nature, have fuelled adoption rates, though high initial investment, installation cost and harmful waste generation will pose threat to the industry.

Market share of Indian and international companies Industry Size

TOTAL Rs 10,000 Cr. (€1.50 b)


Curtain Wall - Alu

Rs 6,000 Cr. (€0.90 b)

Rs 4,000 Cr. (€0.60 b)

Industry size for fenestrations & curtainwalls - Source ABK Consulting

with growing improvement and repair demand across the residential and commercial sectors will drive the global window and door market size. In similar lines, Indian fenestration industry too will grow at a faster pace. Product preferences vary widely based on parameters, such as price, quality, environmental friendliness, aesthetic appeal, etc. Regional housing and commercial construction markets as well as raw material adoption based on the required characteristics will continue driving demand. The uPVC window and door market share accounted for less than 10 percent of the overall revenue in 2015 and will post a high CAGR in the coming years. This growth can be attributed to demand for light weight and energy efficient profiles that require less maintenance. The material provides a good level of insulation against outside noises. Moreover, its fully recyclable property would attract more attention over the next few years. Metal profiles will grow at over 5 percent CAGR, mainly due to attractive aluminium window and door market size in some regional industries. Aluminium provides low maintenance and coated frame which can be painted and be matched with the colour of the user’s choice. There has been increasing government support to adopt uPVC profiles due to superior energy efficiency

Introduction of new technologies in the profiles such as use of uPVC instead of aluminium and wood would support demand owing to the material’s fully recyclable property, lower weight, lesser maintenance, and thermal insulation. Favourable maintenance and operating cost of these profiles has led to growing adoption on a global scale. Wide scope in household and commercial is likely to present considerable growth opportunities. The segment was valued at USD 27.5 billion in 2015 and would reach USD 47 billion by 2024. The utilization of low standard and inferior materials in the past has gained a bad reputation for environmentally friendly products. Recurring high maintenance costs over the period of five to eight years in the past also has impacted the industry negatively. However, the forecast time frame may provide better growth prospects for eco-friendly products owing to the rising awareness among the people regarding the importance of environmental conservation. Material Aluminium

Market Size (Value Rs. Crore
















Window and door market, by material

SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  47

The popularity of uPVC products is going to reach new heights in the coming years

At present, the market for uPVC products in fenestration industry is just about 10 percent. But the popularity of uPVC products is going to reach new heights in the coming years with the positive growth in construction industry. The reason being its price competitiveness at the expense of quality (Rs.350/Sq ft (standard); Rs. 900/ Sq. ft. (special)). There are over 150 fabricators in uPVC sector. The trade per retail is Rs. 200+/ Sq. ft. With over 80 percent of it being unorganised, the industry also faces difficulties due to lack of standardisation. Raising awareness regarding the benefits of uPVC and lesser maintenance would trigger its use in the new residential construction market. Wood window and door market size accounted for over 28 percent of the overall revenue in 2015 and would grow at 5.7 percent from 2016 to 2024. High thermal resistance, aesthetic looks and easy availability of timber would support the growth over the forecast period.

The popularity of uPVC products is going to reach new heights in the coming years

48 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Wood window and door market size accounted for over 28 percent of the overall revenue in 2015

CONCLUSION The Indian fenestration industry is directly linked to the construction industry’s performance. The overall growth is around 20 percent annually. The retail is still on a steady growth path, though project business has shown a slump in the last couple of years. But in the near future, with huge projects announcements from the Government like 100 smart cities, and with the propositions by the Planning Commission to build over 20 million new houses in the next 10 years, the real estate sector in India continue to seek greener pastures. Thus the related segments, including windows & door market will vroom again, though the past few years saw a decline in sales.




A project by Alumil

“The history of architecture is the history of the struggle for the window” - Le Corbusier Today, the world’s number one priority is to tackle climate change. As buildings account for 40 percent of the greenhouse gas emissions, saving energy and carbon emissions are top priorities for buildings and construction sector. It is predicted that by 2050, about 40 percent of carbon emission will be due to the carbon footprint of buildings. With up to 60 percent of the total energy loss of a building coming from windows, fenestration products have a huge potential to provide large energy savings. Therefore, windows with a low thermal transmittance or U-value are opted for since they can substantially reduce energy losses and save costs. In recent years,

efforts have been made to implement building codes requiring lower U-values for new windows, and this trend is set to continue as government seeks to save energy and reduce emissions. To obtain an overview and deeper understanding on advanced fenestration materials and technologies, WFM approached various industry experts, including window and profile manufacturers, fabricators as well as architects. We discussed the key factors affecting the performance of windows and doors, and the latest advancements in profile technologies. This cover story is a sincere attempt to review stateSEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  51

Col. Shailesh Pathak, Managing Partner, Green Fenestration Technologies

Mario Schmidt, Managing Director, Lingel Windows and Doors Technologies Private Limited

of-the-art fenestration systems which are designed to maximize the energy-saving potential of a building, while improving comfort and visual performance at an ‘affordable’ cost.

ADVANCEMENT OF FENESTRATION MATERIALS & TECHNOLOGIES Doors, windows and other fenestration components like façade and glazing are part and parcel of Indian architecture from ancient times. But in the last decade or so, this field has grown by leaps and bounds. In fact, all the advanced technologies and materials available world over are being used and are easily available in India, says Col. Shailesh Pathak (Managing Partner, Green Fenestration Technologies). He urges the architects, designers, builders and home owners to use the advanced materials, as they will prove to be cheaper in the long run.

Hemjith A Vengateri, Managing Director, Alumil Systems India Pvt. Ltd.

beyond being simple devices that let in light and air, and function as integral components of complex building envelopes, selectively filtering traits of the larger environment. As manufacturers have developed new technologies to improve visibility, security, and comfort, windows have become elements of sophisticated systems that control light, ventilation, moisture, dust, sound, and even infrared and ultraviolet light. Research and development into types of glazings have created a new generation of materials that offer improved window efficiency, performance and comfort for consumers, says Amit Bhadu, Marketing Manager, Technal India. Effective technologies cover the aspects of sound insulation, heat transfer, resistance to higher wind loads, durability of hardware, performance of glass, improvised surface treatment merging with adjacent interior finishes etc., spots Amit Klinger (Managing Director, Alumayer Group).

Mario Schmidt (Managing Director, Lingel Windows and Doors Technologies Private Limited) too observes that in India now with the advancement of technology, energy saving and eco-friendly products are available in plenty. The advancement over the years in fenestration materials and manufacturing technologies has increased selection options for architects. Energy efficient window and door systems are an important part of any green building project. Fenestration industry has brought many technological advancements with international standards to Indian market, says Hemjith A Vengateri (Managing Director, Alumil Systems India Pvt. Ltd.). Today, building skins are no longer designed just as a barrier to the external environment. They go well

52 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Amit Bhadu, Marketing Manager, Technal India

ITC Maratha, Mumbai by Veka

probably one of the most cost sensitive fenestration markets in the world, but frame suppliers cannot purchase 4 mm toughened glass because of a spurious quality excuse. Instead, millions of 5 mm toughened glass units are being fitted whilst 4 mm toughened glass would have been perfectly adequate and subsequently more cost effective”, he explains. More concerning is the disproportionately high use of toughened glass in areas where laminated glass should have been specified, i.e., vulnerable locations where safety and security are of equal importance.

A project using Alumil Interno Zen Pivot

Nandha Kumar T (Director - Prominance - Captiv Fenestration Pvt Ltd) observes that, in uPVC profile front, products which can withstand highest UV exposure and certified beyond severe climatic condition and very high solar radiation with a very competitive ∆E value compliance at 8000 hours of simulation and even beyond, are available in our market. Windows made from finest grades of raw materials and having ultra-high gloss and excellent surface finish where the gloss level exceeds even 50 G.U (Gloss Units) are also obtainable. Contrary to the above mentioned points on easy availability of the latest systems, Robert Höllrigl (Executive Director of R&D at Encraft India Private Limited) points out that the latest fenestration materials and technologies, although freely available in Europe, are difficult to obtain in India. “Classic example is the available glass options. India is

Amit Klinger, Managing Director, Alumayer Group

54 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Nandha Kumar T, Director, Captiv Fenestration

The time will come when double glazing is being required mandatory in India to combat CO2 reduction and to save energy with better fenestration. Will India then adopt the traditional air/gas filled double glazing technology or will it leapfrogs the rest of the world and introduce vacuum double glazing, questions Höllrigl.

PREFERENCE IN MATERIALS Talking about the preference in materials, Rajesh Chawla (Director, Veka India) shares that the preferred fenestration materials are uPVC & aluminium. Wood & MS are losing on to various aspects like sound, heat insulation, cost and environmental factors. In uPVC & aluminium, the advancement is particularly in terms of profile designs and classification. Better designed systems with much higher degree of sound & heat insulation in both materials impart much better functionality for larger span of times.

ROLE OF SOFTWARE IN EFFECTIVE FENESTRATION DESIGNS Manual calculation of wind load, static load, weight of glass and sash as per area location and the floor height is tedious, time consuming and prone to

Robert Höllrigl, Executive Director - R&D, Encraft India Private Limited

Rajesh Chawla, Director, Veka India

errors. We have seen people calculating price wrongly, especially in large volume projects, says Col Shailesh Pathak. The correct way is to calculate price for each and every window and door as each will have different thickness of glass and different load capacity of the hardware. This is only possible by using a software. The software is an essential tool not only for financial calculation but also to manage the entire production and sales management. Amit Klinger points out that software automates and connects every aspect of fenestration starting from

sales, design, procurement, planning, fabrication, inventory control, logistic, project execution, billing, accounting transactions, etc. Basically, it increases the ability of an organisation to handle more projects. Mario suggests that fenestration software is the key factor to scale up from the unorganized sector into an organized industry. Let’s look at the roles of fenestration software in major functions like design, fabrication and installation. According to Nandha Kumar, while designing windows, software helps to check feasibility and

DESIGN DYNAMICS FOR EFFICIENT FENESTRATION Openings in a building’s façade are very critical component for evaluating efficiency and lifecycle of the building. In order to find the most cost effective solution, the whole building performance approach should be used towards achieving the efficiency. Fenestration and façade has an impact on the interior spaces as well as on external neighbourhood. One of the basic design motives for the building envelope is to protect the indoors from external elements along with providing optimum daylight and to optimize the solar heat gains in the building. This can be achieved through simple passive low cost measures based on the principal of demand reduction through building envelope design by controlling Window to Wall Ratio (WWR) , SHGC , U value(Based on choice of building material).

Hiten Sethi, Founder, Hiten Sethi & Associates

The WWR can vary from design to design. Having the right ration ensures the efficiency. Appropriate shading with respect to orientation with combination of high performance glazing ensures compliance with SHGC requirements as per ECBC. For moderate climate, the prescribed SHGC for a design with WWR < 40% is 0.4. Indoor daylighting is achieved by providing glazing having specific VLT values and efficient space planning. Another important design motives of a window is to maximize the external views while causing minimum glare. The daylight analysis of the design at regularly occupied spaces should be carried out at the designing stage itself to ensure that they are adequately lit as per the required task based lux levels. These levels can be achieved through appropriate design of the spaces along with right shading devices and glazing specification.

National Institute for Securities Markets (NISM) by architect Hiten Sethi

56 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

information and pools resources and offers genuine time savings for stakeholders, industrialists, installation companies, clients and project managers. Besides CAD systems, says Höllrigl, fenestration providers utilise dedicated fabrication computer systems that can cover wind loading, accidental loading, frame weights, U-values, sales order processing, production planning, pricing, stock control, fabrication cutting sheets, links to machining centres and accounting. Other software is mainly used by the systems provider for R&D and support purpose like U-value simulation, gasket simulation, static and stress calculations, sound reduction programme, etc. Goenka Bugalow, Goa by Veka

confirmation of compatibility against combination of different systems with hardware’s functionality. Rajesh Chawla adds that appropriate software also helps in maintaining the quality at every step. In order to build faster, Amit Bhadu of Technal highlights that we must modify our methods and move from sequential to collaborative workflows. Through digital 3D modelling or BIM, it is possible to create unique evolving projects. It centralises

Not all software’s are made equal, says Col. Pathak. Some only calculate pricing, some are used for designing based on the profile, hardware and requirement. Some can manage entire business. Selection of software should be based on business planning, profile and hardware system. Regular maintenance and updating of software is required and involve additional cost.

HIGH PERFORMANCE WINDOW/DOOR In today’s scenario, energy efficiency and quality are the top considerations for choosing windows.

HIGH PERFORMANCE FENESTRATION FOR INDIA Key frame features: 1. Lowest possible air permeability (when tested at 600 Pa – class 4 - EN 12207) 2. No water ingress (when tested at 300 Pa – class 7A - EN 12208) 3. Wind resistance depending on location (min. 1600 Pa – class 4 – EN 12210) 4. Lowest possible U-value (max. 2.8 W/m2K or lower – ISO 10077-1/2) 5. Highest possible sound reduction (min. 34 dB or higher - EN 12758) 6. Hardware shall be able to perform to 20.000 cycles (class 3 – EN 12400) 7. Hardware fitted (hinges, locks, handles and screws) shall pass 480 hours salt spray testing (grade 5 – EN 1670, EN ISO 9227) 8. Frame shall meet the basic security standard (class RC2 – EN 1627) The above outlined high-performance specification is based on Höllrigl’s opinion and experience. It is a ‘safe’ specification that can be used throughout the Indian subcontinent covering today’s and tomorrow’s requirements like CO2 reduction, energy savings, sound reduction, reduced air leakage, durability and frame security. NOTE: Some frame types like the conventional 2 or 3 track horizontal sliding window may not be able to meet the outlined specification due to the inherent sealing arrangement. Thus, may require accepting a lower air permeability class (feature 1) and/or water tightness class (feature 2) but the remaining features can be still met as outlined. (As told byRobert Höllrigl, Executive Director of R&D at Encraft India Private Limited)

58 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

New product introduced by Elumatec India in Aug 2014 in order to capture mid market for uPVC and Aluminium fabricator. E-tec has basic range of uPVC and Aluminum machinery. We strongly believe in post sales services. We have sold hundred plus machines till date. We invite you to visit our booth DA7 & DB8 at ZAK Doors & Windows Expo 2017 at MMRDA Exhibition Centre,Bandra-Kurla Complex, Mumbai from 07.12.17-10.12.17 to show you live demonstration of latest machines.


WSR-33 Semi automatic water slot machine with three drills, Technical Specifications: • Milling of water drainage slots and ventilations in PVC Profiles under various angels • Three connectable high speed motors • Motors work also autonomous as needed • Easy adjustable for different profile cross sections • Different depth stops by revolver limitations


End milling for transom in PVC and aluminium profiles 2 contours by different cutters possible without changing Automatic feed of the milling unit Variable angels adjustable Vertical and Horizontal pneumatical clamping enables optimum work piece fixing

For cutting PVC profiles Tilting inside (less tolerance, cutting outside dimension) High volume production, double cut possible Movable head positioning is controlled by a PLC system with touch screen • Automatic tilting of the saw heads 45”/90”


• • • • • •

Total covered, with unlocking device for protection Two hand control for safe work Supplied with carbide equipped 0.500mm saw blade Hydro-pneumatical saw feed Coolant system for cutting Aluminium Blow-gun usable for cleaning machine and profiles

DHS-22 Full automatic double head mitre saw touch screen technology, Technical Specifications: • • • •

For more details please contact:

• Working on tripple drilling and locking cases in one clamping • Peneumatical profile clamping • Left and right measurement stops • Blow-gun usable for cleaning machine and Profile • Two hand operation for safe work

TSA-21-2 Table saw angle cutting machine with 500 mm sawblade for PVC / aluminium, Technical Specifications: • Automatic upstroke mitre saw for PVC and Aluminium Profiles • Precise working by cutting from underneath • Pivoting range manually, 22.5” – 155” , 45” – 90” – 135” manually location with pin • Pneumatic range clamping device • Adjustable saw feed


• Cooling system for aluminium profile • Blow-gun usable for cleaning machine and profile • Two hand operation for safe work

TR-32 Automatic triple drill and copy router, Technical Specifications: • Drlling of handel holes, milling locking eylinders, locking cases and copy routing neede contours PVC • Aluminium profiles • Rounting wiht stops or copy template • Height adjustable triple spindle unit with automatic feed • Triple drilling holes are done in steel inside the PVC profile, constantly leed is controlled by special gas damper


Steplessly variable feed for milling operation Left and right measurement system Pneumatical profile clamping system Blow gun usable for cleaning machine and profile Two hand operation for safe work

EMD-41 PVC end milling machine double series, Technical Specifications: • • • • •


• • • • •

Head Office

• • • • •

Angles between 45” and 90” positioning manually Automatical and adjustable saw feed Supplied with carbide equipped 0.450mm saw blade Profile support conveyor 1.5 mtr. Two hand operation for safe work

: EL 123, Electronic Zone, Mahape, Near L n T Infotech, Navi Mumbai-400 710, Ph:+91-022-027626601, Email: Branch Office : 28/3, Second floor, Sai Shekar Complex, H.M.T Main Road, Mathikere, Bengaluru - 560 054 Ph:+91-080-41156692

ONLY QUALITY PRODUCES QUALITY Elumatec is the pioneer in offering Automation and CNC Technologies to Indian Facade and Fenestration market. With it’s excellent After Sales Service and spare parts back up you can rest assured and work on your projects. Elumatec offers wide range of Cutting Machines, Copy Routers, End Milling Machines, Profile Machining Centers, Corner Crimpers, Corner Welding Machines, Cornor Cleaners and Assembly Equimpment. We invite you to visit our booth DA7 & DB8 at ZAK Doors & Windows Expo 2017 at MMRDA Exhibition Centre,Bandra-Kurla Complex, Mumbai from 07.12.17-10.12.17 to show you live demonstration of latest machines named DG104 and SBZ122/71.

SBZ122/71 Ergonomic Operation

DG104 DOUBLE COMPOUND MITRE SAW WITH E580 WINDOWS TOUCH PC Sold To: Proud owner Ms. Ajax Engineers Pvt Ltd, Sri Lanka

SBZ122/71 SBZ122/71 3 AXES CNC PROFILE MACHINING CENTRE Sold To: Proud owner Ms. Ajax Engineers Pvt Ltd, Sri Lanka TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS • Machining area up to 300 x 300 mm • Max. machining length without profile end machining, 4,170 mm • Max. machining length with profile end machining, 4,000 mm • X-axis traverse path 4,295 mm, Vmax. 120 m/min. • Y-axis traverse path 910 mm, Vmax. 60 m/min. • Z-axis traverse path 475 mm, Vmax. 60 m/min. • Max. spindle speed 24,000 rpm • Spindle power output 8 kW, S1 with feedback • Tool holder HSK-63F • Automatic tool changing • Automatic clamp positioning • Clamps Basic (with round guides) • Angle head

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS • Minimum cutting length at 90° 380 mm • Minimum cutting length tilted at 45° 380 mm • Pivoting range inwards 90° - 45° (up to 22.5° manual with digital display) • Tilting range inwards pneumatically 90° - 45° • Cutting capacity of 260mm wide track x 70mm height at @ 45° • Saw blade diameter 420 mm • Saw blade speed 2,800 rpm • Power supply 230/400 V, 3~, 50 Hz • Power output per motor 4 kW • Compressed air supply 7 bar • Air consumption per working cycle 40 l without spraying, 64 l with spraying


For more details please contact:


Head Office

: EL 123, Electronic Zone, Mahape, Near L n T Infotech, Navi Mumbai-400 710, Ph:+91-022-027626601, Email: Branch Office : 28/3, Second floor, Sai Shekar Complex, H.M.T Main Road, Mathikere, Bengaluru - 560 054 Ph:+91-080-41156692

KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE WINDOWS When we talk about high performance windows and doors, explains Col Shailesh Pathak, we mainly concentrate on energy efficiency, performance, sustainability, and occupant well-being. Let’s take them one by one how these can be achieved: 1. Energy Efficiency a. Double/triple glazed unit b. Low “E” Glass c. Co-extruded gasket d. More than 3 chamber profiles in uPVC profile system e. Thermal break aluminium profile systems f. Energy efficient hardware systems like lift and slide systems 2. Functional performance a. Multipoint locking system b. Water tightness c. Sound reduction d. Weather resistant e. Threshold in doors for water, sound and air tightness f. Easy operation g. Safety & security h. Design as per region and location 3. Sustainability a. Long life. Longevity and endurance

According to Vengateri and Amit Klinger, the main indicators of high performance are thermal insulation, water tightness, air permeability, wind load resistance, noise reduction, burglar resistance, higher durability and reliability. Better thermal performance is achieved by adopting thermal break system. High performance glass and selection of double glazed unit also contributes significantly in improving thermal performance. Higher durability, reliability and weather resistance are achieved by appropriate selection of extrusion system, hardware, etc. Nandha Kumar T elucidates that high performance window/door needs to comply the following: High UV resistance property i.e., to confirm the severe climatic ‘S’ zone condition at 8000 hours of simulation with ∆E value below 5; air permeability and wind resistance test compliance as per BS EN 1026 and BS

A project by Green Fenestration Technologies

b. Maintenance free. No need to paint after some interval, limited hardware maintenance c. Environmentally safe d. Recyclable. Green product 4. Occupant well-being a. Condensation resistant b. Planned ventilation c. Low VOC d. Aesthetically good e. Ease of operation specially for elderly and kids (As told by Col. Shailesh Pathak, Managing Partner, Green Fenestration Technologies)

EN 12211; and water tightness and penetration test as per BS EN 1027. Manufacturers usually represent the energy efficiency of windows in terms of their U-values (conductance of heat) or their R-values (resistance to heat flow), adds Amit Bhadu. If a window’s R-value is high, it will lose less heat than one with a lower R-value. Conversely, if a window’s U-value is low, it will lose less heat than one with a higher U-value. In other words, U-values are the reciprocals of R-values (U-value = 1/R-value). Usually, window R-values range from 0.9 to 3.0 (and U-values range from 1.1 to 0.3), but some highly energy efficient exceptions also exist. When comparing different windows, you should ensure that all U- or R-values listed by manufacturers are calculated for the entire window, including the frame, and not just for the centre of the glass, and represent the same size and style of window. SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  61


away from home and you can open and close your sashes.

From stone doors and windows in our ancient forts and temples to uPVC doors and windows of our modern time, the industry has undergone sea change. Three profile types – wood, aluminium and uPVC – are commonly used. Our wooden windows, for instance, says Mario Schmidt, where the frame and shutter sections are glued out of different parts, the profile stands without any bending or curving even during the monsoon. High technology paints are withstanding the harsh climate condition and the surface treatments stands for years without discoloration. All hardware and glazing systems, similar to uPVC and aluminium, can be used in wood profiles too.


Considering aluminium architectural systems, they get better, year by year, says Vengateri. Thin profiles with extremely sophisticated profile architecture, taking advantage of the excellent mechanical properties of aluminium, lead to exceptional windows and doors with high sturdiness and outstanding design. Frames (profiles) must be able to impart higher degree of insulation, and very importantly, they should be recyclable, says Chawla, Veka. Amit Bhadu adds that new approach aims to eliminate thermal bridging, condensation and mould from our living room windows. Höllrigl explains that advancements in profile technology is to improve the thermal efficiency even further and trying to avoid the cumbersome foam filling process associated with all frame materials. Thermal efficient fenestration will provide benefits like CO2 reduction and energy cost saving. “Unfortunately, profile technology, although still important, is now playing a smaller part in fenestration and some perceived technological advancements like uPVC and GRP co-extrusion has been an expensive flop whereas the composite profile technology is gathering momentum”, adds Höllrigl. Combinations of aluminium/wood, aluminium/uPVC, uPVC/wood and aluminium/GRP are being heavily promoted, outlining the aim of maximising the inherent benefits of the partnering framing materials. Electronics in fenestration technology is already being applied in commercial projects and high-end retail properties. Controlling the windows and doors with a mobile is not a myth anymore. You can be far

62 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

As you know, glazing is the main part of the total surface of a window, constituting averagely around 75 to 80 percent of its surface. Thus, its impact on energy efficiency, noise reduction and safety are huge. Smart glazing is the one with light transmission properties that are altered when voltage, light or heat is applied. Generally, the glass changes from translucent to transparent, changing from blocking some (or all) wavelengths of light to letting light pass through. According to Höllrigl, the principle of smart glazing can be best described as a dynamic environment, i.e., by pressing a button the glass can be tinted to keep heat and glare out whilst the best conventional double-glazing unit with low-e coating provides a static environment like fixed solar gain, fixed light transmission and fixed thermal transmission (U-value). When installed in the envelope of buildings, spots Höllrigl and Amit Bhadu, smart glass creates climate adaptive building shells, with the ability to save costs for heating, air-conditioning and lighting, and avoids the cost of installing and maintaining motorised light screens or blinds or curtains. Blackout smart glass blocks 99.4 percent of ultraviolet light, reducing fabric fading; for SPD-type (suspended particle

Chennai Project - Sliding door from Lingel

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/// Noise Protection /// Weather Resistance /// Airtightness /// Wind Resistance /// Security /// Energy Saving

Together we create the difference! Operations: SALAMANDER WINDOW & DOOR SYSTEMS PRIVATE LIMITED Gat no -147, Shed no -3, Village Mahalunge-Chakan, Taluka - Khed, Dist. Pune - 410 501, India 400071

We welcome you at ZAK Doors & Windows, Mumbai, 07.-10.12.2017 stand: DC3

SMART GLAZING Multilayer: We have triple glazed units based on the requirement, but DGU are very common even in tier 2 or 3 cities as energy cost is increasing day by day and requirement of comfort has also become a norm than an exception. Privacy glass: Privacy glass is a laminated glass with a liquid crystal film inside. When there is no electric power supply, glass looks like frosted glass and when we supply power, it becomes the clear glass. This is an expensive glass, generally used in corporate offices and hotels. Vacuum glazing: It is comparatively a new development and saves us from using thicker DGU, with better thermal performance. As of now it is not available commercially for large size glasses. Low-emissivity coatings: Low “E” glass is a very successful green material and reduces the energy consumption to a great percentage. Not only it controls the temperature, but also reduces the energy consumption for lighting. Self-cleaning glass: This is the process in which a “Nano coating” is applied to the surface of glass, which prevent the accumulation of dirt and dust on the glass. This has some limitation of life, but can be applied again. Smart windows: These windows have specialised glass which changes their temperature control and shades of the panel using various process. i. Thermochromic: In this glass, tint changes due to change in temperature. ii. Photochromic: In this change is due to ambient light.

devices) smart glass, this is achieved in conjunction with low emissivity coatings. Architectural SPD products – windows, skylights, doors and partitions – are available as laminated panels or insulated glass units for new construction, replacement and retrofit projects. These products offer a distinctive blend of energy efficiency, user comfort and security, adds Amit Klinger. Regarding safety and noise reduction, one can choose among various laminated or tempered glasses or even glasses which combine both technologies. Furthermore, one can choose between different glazing thicknesses among single, double or triple

64 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

A project by GFT, which is part of Art-n-Glass Inc.

iii. Electrochromic: In this type of glass, the colour change is due to electrical energy as explained in privacy glass. Solar cell glazing: Photo voltaic solar cells are incorporated in the glass which is used in façade or canopy or any other glass application where we do not need 100 percent visibility. Glazing cavity gas fills: Air acts as an insulator so hot air is filled inside the DGU for insulation. If better performance is required, then “Argon” gas is filled. “Krypton” gas is also filled, but it is very expensive. Spacers: In DGUs to separate the two panes of glass, aluminium spacers filled with desiccant are used. There are two types of spacers: - Foam & Thermoplastic. All the materials mentioned above are available with top glass processors and fenestration companies in India, but their instant availability may be an issue as they are expensive and have problems regarding the shelf life.

glazing panels, with thicknesses varying from 5mm to 80 mm. In addition, a special argon gas (nonAdvantages of architectural products made with SPD technology:  Eliminate blinds and shades  Preserve daytime and night time views  Allow people to enjoy shading on-demand  Minimize glare  Reduce heating and cooling requirements  Maximize day lighting  Protect interior furnishings and artwork from fading

Photo: © Paul Czitrom

Photo: © L. Bargagli/Kuraray

The Eiffel Tower, Paris

Kuraray’s Trosifol™ business is a leading global specialist in the development, manufacture and supply of PVB and ionoplast interlayers for laminated safety glass applications in the architectural, automotive and photovoltaic industries. With the broadest product portfolio in the market, Trosifol™ offers structural and functional interlayers for safety and security applications, sound insulation and UV control. For decorative applications, it supplies colored

Parque Toreo Mall, Mexico City

interlayers, digitally printable films and other innovative products for interior design projects; and its UltraClear films exhibit the lowest yellowness index in the industry.

WHAT ARE SUPERWINDOWS? “Superwindows” are efficient windows which can attain high thermal resistance by combining multiple low-e coatings, low-conductance gas fills, barriers between panes, which reduce convective circulation of the gas fill, and insulating frames and edge spacers. Also, optical properties such as solar transmittance can be customized for specific climate zones. The heat from even a small amount of diffuse winter sunlight will convert these superwindows into net suppliers of energy. This first generation of superwindows has a center-of-glass R-value of 8 or 9, but have an overall window R-value of only about 4 or 5 because of edge and frame losses. Also under development are chromogenic (optical switching) glazing that will adapt to the frequent changes in the lighting and heating or cooling requirements of buildings.

toxic) can be implemented in double & triple glazing panels for enhanced thermal insulation, points out Vengateri.Note that the Ug value indicates the energy efficiency of a glass panel. A low Ug value offers high energy efficiency. Last but not least, thanks to the advanced technology of polymer dispersed liquid crystals (PDLCs), glass panels’ transparency can be adjusted according to your privacy or natural lighting needs during the day.

AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Looking at the production side, high volume, streamlined product range and excellent production planning are pre-requisites for automated frame production lines. The required factory space, the high investment level and the occasional, unpredictable order intake have deterred most fabricators to make the big step change. It is not surprising that cutting/

machining centres, flat bed multi-head welder and corner cleaner combinations are chosen as the first step in automating. But the automation technology stops when sashes are merged into outer frames or when frames require factory glazing. Nevertheless, every operation in fabrication can be made more efficient by simple means like introducing automation. This is something expected to come in the industry during next one to two decades. In India, when the market is reeling under too much of price pressure, there is almost nil automation, either in extrusion or fabrication, points out Chawla from Veka. It can be argued that automation is only meaningful in high labour cost economies, but the inherent manufacturing quality and the consistent output per hour/day/week may be of interest in new, emerging markets like India. Looking at the products, automation is an uprising trend requested quite often by customers.The future of automation in fenestration is bright and strongly connected to what we call the “Smart” house, which will use IoT – technologies to regulate interior temperature and air ventilation efficiently, and always in accordance with safety. There are many automation sensors available in the market, explains Col.Pathak, which are unique to the window and door industry and to the security market as they detect lock and unlock position of the door and window. These sensors can integrate with a professionally monitored security system and are controlled via a security system keypad, smartphone or tablet app.

JageGanesha project by Veka

66 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

Following are the common types of products: 1. Window and skylight chain actuators 2. Linear actuators for sliding windows 3. Automatic sensor sliding door 4. Automatic casement door

SMART WINDOWS FOR SMART HOMES For Enquiry +91-8527344373

Email us:

TECHNOLOGY TRENDS Wood polymer composite (WPC): Durable, weather resistant of polymer and easy of working like of wood. Fibre glass frames: Extremely strong, can hold large expanses of glass, low maintenance and are paintable PVC foam: Strength and composition, availability of colours, flexibility, cost Modern stone doors and windows: Made in modern high-tech factory as per the specification of user, aesthetically stylish and elegant. Wooden profile system window and doors: Profiles are made from wooden logs and thereafter a system windows are made. But they are exorbitantly costly and waste a lot of wood. RCC doors and windows frame: Made of reinforced Cement Concrete, low cost, sturdy, termite and moisture resistant, structurally sound and easily available material and manpower. Clad windows and doors: cladding of various material over other material for achieving various features like weather protection, colour and style, functionality. a. Aluminium (outside) skin over uPVC profile. b. Aluminium (outside) skin over wooden profile. c. uPVC (outside) cover over wooden profile. d. Wooden strips (inside) over aluminium. Thermal-break aluminium profile system: As aluminium is a good conductor of heat so to avoid conduction of heat through profile, there is a heat barrier between two aluminium components of the profile. uPVC doors and windows. Most suitable for Indian sub-continent as it can withstand very high temperature of western and central India as well as sub-zero temperature in winter in North India and

5. Venetian and fabric blinds inside DGU 6. Smart glazing using heat, light and electric control also comes with automation 7. Biometric devices using fingerprint, iris scan, face scan to recognise individual and control the doors and windows 8. Password protected locks 9. Smart card controlled locks 10. Devices linked to the Internet and controlled through a portable device Today, in India, manufacturers operating in window automation market have come up with an

68â&#x20AC;&#x201A;WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

North-East India; Can easily withstand the heavy rain of coastal regions; Best green building material available for doors and windows. It is regularly undergoing advancement and development. Some of the latest trends are as under :a. Fibre reinforced strips: To improve the thermal efficiency without compromising on structural strength. BASF, Germany has developed fibrereinforced powerdur strips which replaces the steel reinforcement in the sash and frame. b. Foam inside: By filling high density polyurethane foam inside the profile chambers can achieve the very high insulation performance. This is done at the profile manufacturing plant. c. Co-extruded gasket: This is another modern yet simple technique which provides the greater sealing performance as gasket is also welding during the fusion welding process. d. Triple gasket: This is used in high noise area or high temperature difference area, where we need strong sealing or more no. of barriers to heat or sound. These are specially designed profile systems, though they rarely demanded in the common market, but we regularly use them for high performance requirement and discerning customers. e. Bonded glass: Certain usage due to high temperature difference, we need high insulation value. We use double or triple glazed units with a special profile system, where we bond the glass with a special feature in profile to achieve exceptionally good energy rating. (As told by Col. Shailesh Pathak, Managing Partner, Green Fenestration Technologies)

impressive range of products that can be installed across the residential, commercial and industrial segments.

TESTING & CERTIFICATION OF WINDOWS All windows are not made equal, nor are all components of window fabrication same. Every manufacturer claims his products are the best in the world. How can a customer select the correct product for his requirement? Here comes the need for testing and certification system. But in India there is no system of certifying a window and door system.

With high performance windows and doors, it is possible to save up to 30 percent of energy consumed for heating or cooling a building. To be sure of the achieved energy savings, and to be able to prove the insulation performance of a window or a door, it is essential to have certified it accordingly. The international code recommends various laboratory tests, which are conducted by third party testing agencies. The tests are carried out to ascertain that the system can withstand the parameters, considered during the design stage. This includes structural stability (wind load) acoustic performance, air infiltration, water penetration (static and dynamic) seismic racking test (floor displacement), structural proof load test (150 %) seismic proof load test (200%) etc. The testing concludes the performance of the system.

and make a rating system which should be simpler and easily identifiable. It should help architect in specifying the windows and customer to buy. uPVC Window and Door Manufacturers Association (UWDMA) is supporting the initiative with the Federation of Safety Glass (FOSG) to run awareness campaigns across the country and to brief architects and developers about this new rule. UWDMA has taken up this challenge to educate customers and manufacturers through their various programmes. Similarly, FOSG, Glazing Society of India (GSI), IIT Chennai are other organisation who are working on the standards and specifications. “But I feel that the government must come forward and take the responsibility to coordinate all these individualistic efforts and make a legislation, and also force everyone to adopt,” says Col. Pathak

Certification and testing is a very vast subject. There are many parameters on which windows and doors should be tested and certified. Major ones are enumerated below:  Wind loads  Site conditions  Thermal comfort  Energy Values (ECBC)  Intruder preventions  Materials  NBC (National Building Code) provisions  Verification

If an industry wants to set high standards, it needs certain specifications followed by everyone, says Vengateri and Rajesh Chawla. Reputed and big players in this field are maintaining world class quality, but there are a large number of unscrupulous manufacturers who produce poor quality products and cheat customers. Whole industry suffers due to this.

But these many parameters will confuse the buyer. So, the government needs to group the parameters

These unorganized players in the sector provide guarantee/warranty, but does not assure you


MORE ON TESTING The only appropriate test for building envelopes with installed frames is a site air permeability test. The principle is based on one external door with a fan fitted that extracts the air from the building envelope (building/dwelling/apartment). The resulting difference between external and internal pressure is being used to calculate the air permeability of the building envelope. The air permeability is a good indicator of how well the building is sealed and whether there are any gaps/openings in the building envelope. The U-value Hot Box testing for windows and doors, in accordance with ISO 12567-1, has been virtually superseded by U-value simulations to ISO 10077-

70 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

2 & U-value calculations to ISO 10077-1. Today’s computer software solutions enable architects and fenestration engineers to design building envelopes and windows with maximum thermal efficiency in mind. Heat losses through windows and aperture joints can be highlighted and eliminated by calculation and simulation. For example - the result of re-positioning of the frame within the aperture or the change of glazing specification, even the choice of spacer bar can be instantly seen when simulating, thus helping to make considered decisions in the design stage. (As told by Robert Höllrigl, Executive Director of R&D at Encraft India Private Limited)

uPVC Windows of dark oak finish by Lingel

that their products will survive till the mentioned time, warns Mario Schmidt. They provide products at the price requested by the customer, but of poor quality, cutting down on all the technical specifications. Speaking on the absence of industry standards, Höllrigl states that there is plenty of excellent documentation in the public domain to ensure that well-known brands do not suffer. Standards or guidelines are missing is simply a myth, he adds. In the absence of the standard by BIS (which is still at the final stage with the department), and to assure the right movement of the industry, in February 2016 UWDMA introduced its guidelines for uPVC doors and windows fabrication and demands on materials. This provides a good practice guide and answers to numerous questions raised by fabricators, architects and builders. Talking about the standards, Höllrigl adds that within the supply chain, from extrusion tooling, raw materials (PVC and its additives) and to finished uPVC profiles, everyone works with EN 12608-1:2016. They test the materials/products, in accordance with the relevant clauses. EN 12608 has been officially introduced in 2003 and adopted worldwide as the most comprehensive product standard. According to Nandha Kumar, some of the technical issues which occur due to absence of industry standards are:

72 WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

 Discolouration due to UV impact; non-compliance of right grade of TiO2 usage and insufficient dosage.  Poor durability resulted by poor mechanical properties (charpy impact strength, tensile impact strength, flexural modulus of elasticity, Vicat Softening Temperature (VST), weld strength) due to dosage of inferior grades of raw material.

NEED FOR WINDOW LABELLING Taking Europe and US window labelling as a benchmark will be a great idea to improve consumer information in India, notes Hemjith A Vengateri. Probably, some adaptations will be necessary, but by following the main principles, window performance labelling is something definitely feasible in the near future. Amit Klinger too agrees that labelling programme will certainly help customers choose quality window system, based on their budget. It will create more awareness among the end users and will result in overall improvement of quality and reliability across the region. So, the labelling programme is a must in a country like India, where literacy rate is very low with a wide variety of product offerings available in the market to choose from. Mario says that UDMA is going to introduce the window labelling programme shortly. “We are showcasing this proposal to architects across the country and based on the final feedback

A project with Alumil Supreme

we are going to start this rating system by mid-2018,” he adds. Höllrigl too agrees that it is a good idea for India to go for a labelling programme, but there are some concerns. The current difference between single glazing (glass U-value 5.8 W/m2K) and low-e double glazing (glass U-value 1.4 W/m2K) may become an insurmountable challenge, since the general public will want to purchase A rated products, i.e., the best which can only be achieved with gas filled double glazed units utilising warm edge, spacer bar technology. Alternatively, single glazed frames can be excluded from any future Indian rating schemes. Experience has shown that offering WER frames (Window Energy Rating, the UK) have raised the quality standard to achieve consistently better air tightness. Today, most UK fabricators offering WER frames have improved their manufacturing processes, upgraded components and provide two rating options as standard, A rating as the best and C rating mainly for cost effectiveness.

CONCLUSION Fenestration systems are essential elements of all buildings. As daylighting and ventilation devices, they are called upon to provide a wide range of performance attributes. In order to develop and utilise such systems successfully, it is advantageous to carefully and critically assess the desired performance attributes of “ideal” fenestration

The labelling programme helps in: 1. Selecting the right product for right performance for a given requirement. 2. Removes the confusion in quality and cost. 3. Eliminates over specification or under specification. 4. Helps in bypassing the technical jargon like ‘U’ Value, SHGC, VLT while purchasing. 5. Manufactures know what they are selling and educate customers what they are buying. 6. It becomes easier for inspecting authority. 7. The government has more control over the poor quality. 8. The builder can advertise and gain competitive edge over other. 9. Energy awareness will become easier.

systems. But the wide range of performance needed from the “ideal” fenestration system is not readily available to specifiers today. Emerging technology for dynamic, smart glazing has the potential to provide an important new set of functionality that promises to address several critical shortcomings of existing technology.

 SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  73


INNOCOATâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;LEADING-EDGE TECHNOLOGY IN SURFACE FINISHING quality measures are applied to the coating process of each product at multiple stages. Our reputation as a leader in surface finishing has been established due to our dedication towards maintaining the highest of quality standards.


Over the past 8 years, Innocoat, one of the largest players in powder coating,has developed a deep understanding of customer needs and translated them into desirable products. Our growth is rooted in our ability to figure out customer expectations and fulfilling them through advanced processes, backed by leading edge technology and investing in stateof-art specialty coating facilities with a focus on sustainability.

FACILITY Our activities in the coating industry are driven by our customers and the increasing demand for innovative and sustainable products has motivated us to setup high quality facilities. Our facilities have more than just state-of-the-art technology. We intend to provide innovative solutions that positively

74â&#x20AC;&#x201A;WFM SEPT - OCT 2017

impact our customers and their business goals. The powder application process is carried out by Gema Coating Systems (Switzerland), the world leader in powder coating equipment and also associated with well-known pioneers in the coating industry like Akzo Nobel, Jotun, PPG, Menphis (Italy) and PT chemicals (Germany).

TEAM At Innocoat, passion for innovation & perfection is an ongoing and high priority target. We have the best and passionate talent working to produce superior products.

QUALITY Quality is one of the core philosophies at Innocoat. Stringent

Quality check and testing play a vital role to ensure that we are at the forefront of surface finishing technology and processes. Our quality assurance laboratory is equipped with the latest testing technologies, and is designed to carry out numerous tests in line with global standards. Innocoat runs over 10 tests in house to ensure all coated parts meet the industry standards.

APPROVED APPLICATORS Our plants are approved by world class powder and paint manufacturing companies like Akzo Nobel, Jotun and PPG. Our focus on surfacing finishing technology has kept us at the forefront of the coating industry.

WARRANTY We issue warranty certificates in line with our principle powder suppliers, for period ranging from 10 to 30 years against fading, gloss retention, flaking, etc.


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Powder Coating PVDF FEVE Coating Wood Effect Coating Anodizing

Shobha International City Gurugram, Product Akzonoble 9010D2525 Super durable Park residency Chennai, FEVE coating

 First Job Coater in India to be accredited with Akzo Nobel D-3020 certification  First Applicator in India to use Jotun Durasol Feve Powder Coating  First Applicator in India to offer widest range of wood finish patterns

M/s. Innocoat Systems (India) Pvt. Ltd. #33, Saibaba Nagar, Andhrahalli Village Near, Peenya 2nd Stage, Bangalore-560091. Phone: 080-2271 4398 Mob.: +91 98860 27403, +91 99007 99248 UNIT - II Plot No. 18/19, KIADB, Ist Phase, Industrial Area, Opp. To Samilabs Kunigal Taluk, Tumkur Dist-572130 E-Mail: Website:

SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  75


THE ARCHITECTURE OF SUSTAINABILITY Morphogenesis is a 21 year old architectural firm founded by architects Sonali and Manit Rastogi. Ever since their inception in 1996, Morphogenesis has had a reputation of being an innovative practice at the forefront of thought leadership in design. They look at all aspects of the context and arrive at an innovative response to the physical, geographical and cultural conditions that address the user brief, and ultimately aspiration. They have done over 450 projects across India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, South Africa and the UAE. The firm has over 130 professionals in Delhi and Bangalore offices. Recipient of over 80 international and national awards, the firm provides specialized services in distinct verticals like master planning, residential, commercial, workplace, institutional, hospitality, interiors and landscape designs, all with a strong backbone of ‘Green Design’ The distinguished architects, Manit Rastogi and Sonali Rastogi candidly spoke to WFM about their professional journey spanning 21 years, their innovative approach to working on sustainable buildings, their current projects, their future goals and design intentions, and much more.

Manit Rastogi & Sonali Rastogi Founder Partners, Morphogenesis

 WFM: Tell us about your firm Morphogenesis and your journey as an architect?

Sonali Rastogi (SR): I come from a family of architects. My parents are architects and I am married to an architect (Manit Rastogi). We run the firm together. So for me, my entire life is an architectural sojourn. Our practice is now 21 years old.

Surat Diamond Bourse

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Manit and I were students of SPA Delhi. Then we studied at the Architectural Association (AA), London. While we were at AA, we attended a number of design dialogues and discourses on architecture from around the world. We noticed that, in such events, there was a completely missing component of Indian architecture within the global perspective. We developed a deep desire to become a part of the architectural language which was being discussed

©Andre J Fanthome

Pearl Academy - Simple cementacious Jali, which are often made on the road side, was used as a second skin to the entire building

world over, and also to showcase what would be an Indian architectural fit for today. With that kind of challenge and drive in our head, we returned to India to set up this practice called Morphogenesis in the year 1996, and it has been a phenomenal 21 years.

©Edmund Sumner

Manit Rastogi (MR): Our journey as a practice has been captured in our monograph ‘Morphogenesis | The Indian Perspective, The Global Context’ that we wrote to commemorate our 20 year anniversary. The process of compiling the book was significant and it allowed us to formally document and review our learnings over the past 20 years, consequently enabling us to even better define our vision, for the next 20.

 WFM: Please tell us about your iconic projects?

MR: It is difficult for an architect to define ‘what is iconic’, when you look back and analyse the 21 years of our journey. Design for us is an outcome of a process of enquiry and a drive for innovation. So, for a person who is part of the creative process, it is very difficult to call something iconic or not iconic. But, I think for me, the Pearl Academy was iconic because it was one of our lowest cost projects, derived largely from vernacular architecture, which achieved a new benchmark in sustainability. Also it has visually caught the imagination of the world and has won many international awards. SR: To me, our first major project, Apollo Tyres Corporate Office, stands out as iconic, because the first is always very close to one’s heart. Currently we are doing the Zydus Corporate Office in Ahmedabad which is a very unusual looking project, made of a series of doubly curved walls. It is inspired from vernacular architecture of forts in the region, in its detail. But it has an inclusive global character, where its construction technology is very special and the design itself is a new learning experience. All these combined make the project an iconic one.  WFM: One of your ongoing projects is totally net

zero. Could you please tell us about the project? Pearl Academy – the project achieved a new benchmark in sustainability

SR: We attempt to build most of our projects to be net zero enabled. By the use of passive design, SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  77

©Jatinder Marwaha

©Jatinder Marwaha

The first major project, Apollo Tyres Corporate Office, stands out as iconic building

sustainable construction technologies and optimised use of materials, we bring down the energy consumption (measured by the Energy Performance Index or EPI) of a building to the lowest possible. We have managed to bring down the EPI of our buildings to as low as 25kWh/sqm/yr, which is more than 70% improvement over even Green benchmarks. It is then far more realistic to offset this reduced requirement by renewables, hence being as close to net-zero enabled as possible.

Another view - Apollo Tyres Corporate Office

SR: We have a lot of conversations among our team members. Morphogenesis is a believer in the collective. We always try to approach projects from a fresh perspective when a team is assigned a job. This is why, though we do work within a contemporary format, it is difficult to stereo type a Morphogenesis style or our projects. Each time we try to remove ourselves from defined, static aesthetics and approach the project afresh.  WFM: According to you, what is a green building

The campus designed for Infosys Ltd., Nagpur would be a net zero on energy, water and waste discharge. It would push us towards delivering one of the world's most energy efficient buildings, and enabling the aim to build the world's most sustainable office building.  WFM: Could you please tell me about your design approach?

MR: Design is a subjective process where how much ever one tries, approach is hard to define. But one of the approaches has been always to look at it from its first principles, for instance:  What are the resources available at our hand?  How can the project be more sustainable, not just in terms of energy, but considering sociocultural aspects too? The architecture should enable the local population in some way. It needs to be responsive to its context, yet not so deeply immersed in history that it cannot find a global position for itself.

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and what is a sustainable design? SR: When we started this practice 21 years ago, the concept of green building for a common man was the mud hut with terrace garden. The definition as it currently stands is that a green building is one with least possible energy consumption to construct and run that building. Sustainability depends on materials used- recycled or locally procured, etc. Green is about the total possibility of how you use the energy in the building and how little you consume. Green is not dependent on whether the building is high-rise or a low-rise, or a hut. MR: The most basic design principle for sustainability is to examine for the product that one intends to create. A project needs to be looked at as a problem at hand, and one has to find an apt solution which ought to be sustainable. I don’t believe that there is any single type of building or typology which cannot be looked upon in a sustainable way.


©André J Fanthome

A project for Uppal Housing at Gurugram

 WFM: Please explain some of your innovative approaches which you have considered for your highrise projects?

MR: One of the most innovative and simplest approaches that an architect can use is passive design techniques. I think the maximum environmental gain, hence innovation, can come out of building orientation and morphology. For example, in our climate, if we design all the glazing facing west and make it top to bottom glazing, then we are not being sustainable. Understanding and designing according to the orientation of the building, sun path and specifications like thermal value, U value, thermal lag, etc., which are the basic principles of building physics, are very important. Once an architect understands these specifications, and designs the building morphology to fit these specifications, then 50 percent of the energy problems are solved.

GYS Vision at Gurugram

SR: One challenge that needs addressing is looking at the cost of the project, not based on individual components or materials, but as a combination of materials. The challenge is to make people see the whole scheme as an integrated development. For example, the shading fins in the west and south of a building is not something which can be worked separately from its glass facade. But if we add a double skin façade, we cannot reduce the shading, neither can we go for cheaper or lesser quality glass somewhere else in the project. This is a major problem.

 WFM: What are the greatest challenges that you

If you are designing in an integrated fashion for an overall performance index, you should not start taking out each object of the façade separately and calculate how much cost could be cut out of it. By doing so, the desired envelope design and its performance cannot be achieved. Moreover, we cannot achieve a façade that pushes the boundaries, both aesthetically and functionally.

have come across while designing an environmentally friendly, sustainable building?

 WFM: Please describe the role of façade in building

sustainability? MR: I would say that, today we do not face any challenge. These days, people come looking for sustainable designs and technologies because they have understood that sustainable designs not only cut the construction cost and running cost, but it could be the USP for selling their product. I think, this issue was a major one, i.e., to understand what is sustainability, when we started our firm, not anymore.

SR: It is a difficult question. Façade plays the role of skin in human existence. How can I peel off the skin and expect the organs and other parts to exist in our body? Skin or the external surface of the human body is what people see. And it is through the skin that we imbibe and it needs to be designed well. A building is just like a living organism. As we breathe through the skin, a building also feels the heat, and connects SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  81


The Surat Diamond Bourse (SDB) would be world’s largest office building

with the exterior through its skin. It is an integral part of the project and one cannot and should not see it separately. I would say that the building skin or façade is the integral and most visible part of the building which casts the first aesthetic impression on a user, and is hence the identity of the building.  WFM: What are the key factors which you would have considered while designing a sustainable urban façade?

 WFM: How do you decide or choose the façade materials for any project?

SR: Selection of materials for the façade is mostly based on the aesthetics, performance, sustainability, etc. So, it is a subjective as well as an objective decision. Cost is a major factor which determines the choice of materials, along with durability and customisation. It also depends on the desired image and kind of receiving audience the client is doing the project for.  WFM: Please tell us about the innovative technology and material which you have adopted in one or two of your recent projects?

MR: The key points are: 1. Knowing the building physics, which includes various scientific aspects like heat transfer, performance, etc. 2. Knowing and using software for computing heat ingress. 3. Knowing the position of the sun in the sky and the movement of the sun, and how the sun corresponds to the building skin. To understand the incidence of sun rays and decide on the opaque and transparent surfaces (where solar ingress should be allowed and where not). 4. Analysing materials for the skin in order to make it more functional- in terms of shading, recessing, heat protection, light gain, etc. 5. Understanding the angles of incidence and reflection, on heat and glare

 WFM: Please tell us about your project at Surat – one of your largest projects?

These are all simple, elementary common sense approaches to façade design.

SR: The Surat Diamond Bourse (SDB)would be world’s largest office building and India's second diamond

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SR: A perfect example would be the Zydus project, which we are doing in Ahmedabad, where we’re using Corten steel, concrete and traditional insulated glass blocks. The glass blocks and lighting together would create the desired sculptural façade. At this moment, we are most excited about this project. Materials used in the façade of another built project, Pearl Academy is poles apart from the Ahmedabad’s project. We have used simple cementacious Jali, which are often made on the road side. This Jali was used as a second skin to the entire building.

trading hub, spread across approximate 36 acres. This upcoming bourse will accommodate over 4,000 offices of the diamond traders. At over 65 lakh Sq ft of built-up area, the Surat Diamond Bourse, will provide employment to 1.5 lakh people. The enormous size of the project brings its own set of challenges. In this project, the orientation is such that no direct sun hits the occupants. The façade must have an impactful entrance, being such an enormous and inspiring structure. It must provide a sense of pride. Façades have been kept opaque from the west side, so that there is no direct sun hit during any time of the day. The common areas and foyers are not air-conditioned. Temperature is controlled purely by ventilation.

Since the climatic zone is completely different, replicating the design from the western countries does not make sense, and the design will not work here in India if the patterns are followed blindly. However, if they merge their existing technical know-how with a response to the climatic and socio-cultural conditions here, they could end up with successful buildings. SR: It is not about Indian or foreign designers or designs, but is about the building physics, cultural needs of the people... all these aspects need to be looked into and the ones that understand these aspects and their inter-related dynamics, will design a successful building in India. But I am not a huge proponent of taking a blue glass tower from New York and building the same in Noida.

 WFM: Your project for ITC is again very different

from SDB, could you talk about this project in Kolkata? SR: Yes, our project in Kolkata for ITC is completely different. It is a series of sets of smaller buildings. ITC is a project with a vertical morphology, whereas in SDB, the movement is mainly horizontal, having a very long morphology. The approach for the projects are also different. One exemplifies a building design approach while the other, due to its sheer scale, exemplifies an urban design approach.

 WFM: What are the key quality control aspects to consider while designing and installing façades?

SR: Façade consultancy is a very large profession in this country. An uninitiated developer or a client does not understand the need of a façade consultant. In the case of glass façades, they may still look for or employ a façade consultant. But when it comes to other materials like stone, they ignore it. They incorrectly believe a façade consultant is not required 'just for sticking stones on the façade'.

 WFM: Could you please brief us on a few factors

which you consider while designing and executing façades of high-rise buildings?

Facade needs to deal with its own wind loads, and the calculations and computations are essential as the science behind it is very deep. People must ©Edmund Sumner

MR: The façade design approach for high-rise and low-rise buildings are completely different. The image ability desired, the architectural aspirations, the design process, the sustainability of products (the products that are used at different heights are different in nature), installation technologies, etc., are very different for a low-rise and high-rise project. Hence the approach is also very diverse. It is hard to describe the difference in the approaches and processes which cannot be compared.  WFM: Most of the supertall buildings in India are designed by architects from the west and the consultants engaged are also from abroad, following different architectural language similar to the western countries. What is your opinion on this?

MR: Design should vary according to climatic condition and geographical location of a project.

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Another view of the façade of Pearl Academy


floor space to be naturally day lit. Besides the façade, you typically cannot get light to penetrate more than 8 to 9 meters from a façade. Therefore the best solution is not to make buildings wider than 18 meters. If you make it wider, incorporate those functions in the middle which do not require daylight. It is not just the function of façade alone, it is the question on the morphology of the building as well, i.e., the shape of the building, where by the façade will play its role in letting the daylight in.  WFM: Could you please talk about the shading

applied on the building facades?

JRE Educomp Raffles - a project for JRE Group of Institutions

understand and realize the importance of façade consultants. High-rise in India is a new typology too, which needs to mature a lot more. People are still learning the specifics of the typology. But I am sure that we will quickly gain the knowledge with the growth of the industry, which is happening at a very rapid pace.  WFM: Do you think that the contractors have got upper hands in many projects in India and architects have to alter their design based on the contractor's cost cutting ways?

MR: The shading depends on the cost and the aesthetics. Also, you can use horizontal or vertical shading. All that is dependent on the design and the orientation of the building as well as occupant needs and energy targets set.  WFM: Could you please throw some light on your future projects, goals, some of the design intentions, and projects which you would like to do in future?

SR: What this country lacks is public buildings like museums and such allied infrastructure. For example, buildings like the Calatrava designed station at Ground Zero in New York. We need such remarkable pieces of architecture. I look forward to this country investing more in public architecture, and we would wish to play a role in how that evolves.

SR: I totally disagree with it.  WFM: What is your advice to young architects who

We ensure that project cost and its documentation is in place before the contractor comes on board. The contractor is only there to execute what is on the drawing board. If correctly done, it is supposed to give the bill of quantities and costs. The contractor has nothing to do with the cost. It is a shoddy way of working, where one has half-baked design and the client then depends on the contractor’s input for cost. The only way a contractor gets involved in these kind of decisions is when the design and documentation of architecture and engineering is not complete.

are just starting their practice? SR: I strongly believe that if you don’t have the vision for your future goals, then you might as well do any job. Why specifically the art of an architect? It is a hard job. It does not pay that much. Then why do it. If you are intending to take up the job of an architect, you must have the vision and passion to take it forward. Our philosophy in life as far as work and the profession is concerned, is that architecture & design is a way of life, and it calls for a lifetime of commitment and conviction.

 WFM: What is the role of the façade in daylighting within the buildings?

SR: In sustainable buildings, like we design at Morphogenesis, we try to achieve 90 percent of the

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The design of the Infosys office complex (Nagpur, India)

Infosys Campus MIHAN is located in Nagpur, and sits in a ‘Special Economic Zone- SEZ’. Special Economic Zones are designated areas that possess special fiscal regulations different from the rest of the land with the aim of easing international trade and being conducive to foreign direct investment. The client brief was simply ‘to create the world’s most sustainable office building’. Morphogenesis took this opportunity to test if a development of this scale could be net zero on water, energy and waste to landfill, with a future aim to develop a model for sustainable master-planning for larger sites. The geology of the land played a key role in the morphological evolution; Nagpur lies in seismic zone II and the soil has a high bearing capacity. The building modules or tubes, are largely column free spaces that are stacked into a four floor format and are vertically

connected through an atrium and a staircase. Each tube is swung at an angle of ± 22.5 degrees, this rotation in the stacking structure generates new ground at elevated levels. This dynamic morphology was a direct outcome of low seismic activity and the hydro-geological nature of the area. The introduction of an earth sheltered, shaded and passively cooled landscape at a subterranean level integrates the different building blocks with the subterranean pedestrian circulation system. This is flanked with food courts and other public activities. These lowlying congregation spaces are shaded by the buildings on top and are thermally buffered by the surrounding land. This results in a large amount of public space being independent of mechanical cooling systems. The plan evolved from the notion of understanding the capacity of the site; a capacity determined by functions like energy, water, geology of the land, SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  87

Different views of the building - Infosys Campus MIHAN, Nagpur

along with essential rules of urban design pertaining to light, ventilation, and shading. Based on this a master-plan for a working population of 20,000 emerged, which is net zero on energy, water and waste discharge. Radial planning is used, in response to the natural topographical condition and the Western, North-Western and South-Western wind directions specific to the region. This radial grid strategy aids in bringing down the perceivable temperatures and creating a micro climate on site. The ± 22.5 degrees North orientation stems from Nagpur’s location on the Tropic of Cancer; this allows for 90 percent of the building to be day lit. Sixteen metre wide floor plates, solar protection strategies like façade shielding with fins, and mutual shading, proved to be an effective solution to ensure the building blocks are uniformly day-lit and completely glare-free.

overall 600mm c/c proved to be optimum for North, North West facing windows. Solar controls for south façades were designed considering 21st December (winter solstice) for peak design parameters because the sun drops down to the lowest altitude levels (0.6° at 5.30pm). Here, the solar altitude was identified as the critical angle. It is important to highlight that Nagpur tends to see mostly clear sunny skies and so the tendency of experiencing glare is quite high. A solution for this was to obstruct the bright sky view from the upper end of the window. Consequently, the window was divided in 2 equal parts - daylight window at 2.1m and vision window at sill level of 1.1m. While designing for the South, South-East windows, it was observed that vertical fins of depth and spacing of

The design of the built envelope was governed by the following parameters, such as solar control, glare control, distribution of daylight and heat loads. Solar Control: Solar shading design for a typical opening on each of the four orientations (NNW-SSE and NNE-SSW) was carried out. After calculations, it was concluded that 422mm deep vertical fins spaced at 600mm c/c could be adopted for North and NorthEast orientation as this solution helped maintain views across the entire height of the window while effectively shading the morning sun. Following the same methodology, 600mm wide fins spaced at an

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Shadow Range: June (9.00am-7pm) Overall massing shows effective mutual shading and creation of shaded inter-building spaces

Infosys Campus: Shadow Range

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The design ensures uniformly day-lit and completely glare-free interiors

600mm were effective for obstructing the sun after 11am till 5.30pm. Horizontal overhangs were explored for providing shade for the remaining morning period. The role of the shading devices was reversed for the south, south-west window where the vertical fins were effective from 9am to 11am and overhang helped distance the direct sun from the workstation. Daylight Distribution and Glare Control: South facing windows suffer more from direct solar radiation for most part of the day. Despite frosting the daylight panel, the high levels of external illuminance could lead to the panel itself becoming extremely bright. This aspect was countered through light shelves at 2500mm which obstructed the direct view of the daylight panel from the occupant’s seated level. For northern orientations, the daylight available is diffused and therefore glare-free. This fact was exploited by the addition of internal light shelves on the northern façades which were expected to increase daylight distribution inside the workspace. Further extending the light shelves by another 600mm towards the outside led to a significant improvement in the daylight levels.

EPI Index of Infosys, Nagpur

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Thermal Efficiency: The heat gain process through opaque elements like walls and slabs of a building mainly comprises heat gain through conduction. Transparent building elements, on the other hand, have higher vulnerability to heat gain through solar radiation in addition to conductive heat gain. Heat gain from solar radiation is based on the solar heat gain factor (SHGC) of the glass which, in turn, depends on the specifications of the glass and on the angle of incidence. Owing to the solar shading design, the effective SHGC in this case was much lower than the maximum SHGC which played a significant role in reducing the overall heat gain from incident solar radiation. Finally, the solar heat gain for the entire building was calculated and resulted in an overall thermal efficiency of 0.79W/sq.ft. The use of passive strategies though the project aids in reducing energy requirements to one fifth of the consumption of a typical office. This reduced requirement is serviced by a 30 acre on-site solar plant, resulting in zero energy from the grid. Zero water dependence is achieved by creating a reservoir on site. Designed as a lake adjoining the existing water-tank in the West, this reservoir is fed by effective rainwater surface run-offs. Efficient system design ensures water management and the recycling methods reduce the water consumption by half. Bio-degradable waste disposal is addressed by a bio-gas plant and vermicomposting. Infosys sets out to establish a new context in ‘the middle of nowhere’ for future projects in MIHAN and act as an iconic precursor for the area to be developed as a global hub of information technology. QUICK FACTS Project: Infosys Campus Mihan Location: Nagpur, Maharashtra, India Client: Infosys Architects: Morphogenesis, Delhi Built-up area: 8,25,000 sq. ft. (Phase1) Site area: 142.0 acres Consultants: LERA (Nayan B Trivedi)-Structure; Deep Roots (Rajalakshmi Iyer)-Landscape Design; McD BERL-Fire Fighting; Mcd Berl-MEP; MorphogenesisSustainability; Sobha-Facade; SG EquipmentsHospitality Contractor: Sobha (Civil) Status: In progress


FUNDERMAX COMPLETES 10 YEARS IN INDIA Shape, colour and material all convey emotions, tell stories and inspire new ideas. FunderMax India offers a host of cutting edge building exterior solutions and is well-known for their cladding products. The state-ofthe-art panels, manufactured in Austria, effuse elegance with tasteful patterns that can enhance the look of all kinds of outer surfaces. Max Exterior is a high-quality construction product which is used especially for long-lasting balcony and façade claddings and has extremely effective weather protection qualities. The range of applications with Max exterior is becoming increasingly wider, and the range of decors is also achieving continually new dimensions in terms of nuances and variety. The Exterior panels are duromer high-pressure laminates (HPL) that are produced in lamination presses under great pressure and high temperature. Celebrating the brand’s 10th anniversary in India this year, FunderMax, since its flag off in the country, has come a long way. In a conversation with Dr. Prashanth Reddy, Managing Director, FunderMax India Pvt. Ltd., we gathered insights on their products and projects, on the progress of façade cladding industry in India, FunderMax’s contributions to the same, and much more. Here are the excerpts from the interview.

Dr. Prashanth Reddy Managing Director, FunderMax India Pvt. Ltd.

 WFM: Could you please tell us about FunderMax as a global brand and your products?

Dr. Prashant Reddy (PR): FunderMax is an Austriabased company. Today, we are considered as leaders in the exterior cladding industry. We have five factories in Austria and operate in over seventy six countries. We have products for both, the interior as well as exterior applications. But in India, we are focused more on the exterior application segment.  WFM: It’s been ten years since you have established

yourself in India. Could you please tell us the difference between when you introduced your first product and now, and how the conditions have changed? FunderMax global manufacturing facility in Wiener Neudorf, Austria

PR: When the company was started in 2008, the country was facing the financial crisis due to collapse SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  95

IT Company Campus in Hyderabad

of international finance institution like Lehmann brothers and there were a lot of uncertainties in the market. The demand from the industry was very low. It was probably a good opportunity for us to come in at the time, so the architects had more time and we could engage with them and we could look for some reference projects. The drawback was that the architects were not open to receiving world class products, especially the premium material. We took that as a challenge and started working on a few reference projects. The sustainability of these projects opened up opportunities for our products, especially for an exterior product. The industry started noticing the products and we started getting more and more opportunities. Today we can proudly say that our architectural products are widely accepted.  WFM: How good was the response over the years?

PR: Response was poor to start with, but over the period of time, it got better and better and today we are well received in the industry. Today, while meeting an architect, he/she has a far friendlier approach. They receive us very well and many a times, architects are very happy to know about our products because they are looking for world-class product like ours. The interaction is more from products to the possibilities of various applications & to deal with complex façade designs.

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 WFM: Have been with the company since the introduction of FunderMax in India?

PR: Yes, I have been lucky to be the first employee of the company in India.  WFM: How many products did you introduce in 2008 and how many are there in the market right now?

PR: From the product point of view, we have always been into exterior products. But yes, what has changed in the decades is that we launched a new collection two years back. Today we are proud to say that we have over 30,000 SKUs which we are offering to the market. In the whole process of the journey, it’s not only the products, we have scaled up on application capabilities too. We deal with complex facades, and are able to provide design support. We are also able to handle large projects. Our partners are well trained and toned, and they are able to scale up.  WFM: What are the factors which inspired you to

introduce FunderMax products in the Indian market? PR: The advantage of the Indian industry is that Indians are globetrotters today. Our architects are travelling all over the world. They visit different international industrial fairs, and exhibitions

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FunderMax products are highly sustainable

showcasing building materials. At the same time, the prospective customers too are travelling across the world. So, this means that both – clients and architects- have good exposure and are looking for adapting same world class products into their projects too. Coming back, from the company’s side, our design team travels across the world, attending many trendsetting fairs and they learn a lot from these events. Some of these events are able to bring a connect to the architectural requirement. Normally, to bring in a new collection, it takes five years with over 20 designers working on it.

 WFM: Are your company participants, employees, trained from abroad or you train them in India itself?

PR: We do both. For the product training, to understand the production facilities and the quality systems what we have, we do it at our factories in Austria. This also helps them to see the product manufacturing and the level of quality of our products. Rest, in terms of the installation techniques, hands down approach is followed in India. We have a training centre at our Bangalore office and it’s mandatory that all our partners undergo the induction training.  WFM: Could you please tell us more about your

 WFM: Are all the products of FunderMax available in European markets are sold in India too? Is it accepted in the same spirit? Is your business in India comparable with the same in western countries?

PR: What we have been able to establish is that we are using the same world class products, same list of services, be it India or anywhere in the world. The additional effort of what we are doing in India is that we are trying to be a complete solution provider here, which is quite unique. We are providing support for installation which is missing internationally because the markets there are quite mature and the ownership of the fabricators to comply with the local building codes is very high. 99 percent of our product’s installation is done by our own trained business partners, who are not fabricators otherwise.

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facilities for both production as well as training? PR: As far as the production is concerned, our factories are in Vienna, Austria. For the facilities, we have hundred percent subsidiary operations in India. We have our own application engineering in-house team who provides both design and engineering services. Our 44 trained business partners across India can also handle installation and also give pre-sales & post-sales support. FunderMax India’s strength itself is a team of 37. Globally, we are a team of 1000 people.  WFM: What is the business percentage in India as

compared to the global business that FunderMax has? PR: Our business here is certainly relatively low because we started quite late in India. We are one

A project by architect Daniela Dikova

of the fastest growing companies for the group and are in the top 5 in the market as far as exterior applications are concerned.  WFM: Could you please tell us about your company’s

investment in architectural product development and manufacturing? PR: Currently, the manufacturing is not yet taking place in India, but we are open to manufacturing in the future. We continue to invest in the market. A major portion of our budget is spent on growing the market in India. We do participate in a number of trade fairs and even architectural events. We also invest a lot in training and development. Since we deal with a large share of unorganised market, training and development are quite important on the installation front.  WFM: Tell us about your ten year journey in India?

PR: It’s been a very proud journey that we all at FunderMax India share. It has been a collective team effort along with our partners without which the same success wouldn’t have been possible. We are happy and proud about the 10,000+ projects we have been able to realise during this journey. Today, we are a well-known product and a brand, associated with well-known architects, developers and corporate world. Our journey has just begun and we still have a long way to go. We have done projects across India & also grown our presence even in Sri Lanka and Nepal.

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Brigade Gateway, Bengaluru

 WFM: Could you please tell us about the advantages of using FunderMax cladding as an exterior product?

PR: Firstly, it is a world class product with the best of quality and sustainability. Secondly, we also do a ventilated façade system which is also quite unique to India. It is very good for the thermal insulation of the building, making it an energy efficient façade. Overall, it is a sustainable product as well as the installation supports it for the overall efficiency of the building and in the process, enhancing the life of the building protecting it from all external weather conditions.  WFM: How does the product help in improving the aesthetics of the building?

PR: For any application, worldwide, the basic purpose of cladding is more functional rather than aesthetic. So, first of all what is important is functional requirement and then the functional requirement would be supported by good aesthetic looking material. Overall, we were able to deliver sustainable façades for the building. And more importantly, we are able to give a character to the building in terms of the vibrant facades that we offer.  WFM: People are wanting eco-friendly, conserving

buildings these days. With the use of FunderMax facades, how can they achieve their goal? PR: As a product, we are a green building material and with our ventilated façade system, it brings more value to make it a green building material.

A railway station with FunderMax cladding

While talking about sustainability, the source of raw materials contributes to its quality. The raw material used for the production of our products - the wood - comes from responsibly managed forests. The wood used is Forest Stewardship Council (FAC) and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) certified. So, it’s a renewable wood based product and we ensure that the environment is considered. This already contributes in terms of certain points for qualifying ourselves as a green building material.

got some character. And then comes in, the whole performance of the façade, which, in our case, is a highly sustainable. Our oldest project, which is in Mumbai, is already 15 years old. Those days In Mumbai, it was quite a challenging condition. It is a multiplex hub called “24 Karat” designed by renowned architect Nitin Killawala and today it is a very good testimonial of sustainable performance.  WFM: Could you please talk about your recent

 WFM: Could you please tell us how the use of this

product has advantages when you are considering the acoustics of the building? PR: Acoustics properties also depend on the design of the project. Our products have acoustical properties but we have to add some design element along with the kind of insulation we provide. All these elements are incorporated based on the requirement of a project.  WFM: How does your product help in building advance façade system?

projects that have got a fantastic response from your clients in terms of climatic response and energy conservation? PR: We have a lot of fantastic projects which are highly sustainable. But because of the NDA (nondisclosure agreement) we are not in a position to officially talk about the projects. We are, however, working with many leading corporate houses, IT companies, developers, hospitality, infrastructure sector and with many leading and renowned architects.  WFM: Tell us about some of your recent projects?

PR: For the people who create, it is not only the product, but it also the opportunity we give, in terms of design freedom and creativity. We are talking about the architects and designers here. Combined with our world class engineering and the designer’s creativity in architecture, we are able to create very unique façades, which in the end have

PR: We are working on projects with corporates like Infosys, Wipro, TCS, Reliance, Adani& BASF to name a few. We are also working with the hospitality industry like Taj, Hyatt, and soon. And when it comes to developers, we are doing projects working with Prestige, Brigade, Mantri, SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  101

etc. in Bangalore and DB Realty, Lodha, Satellite and many others in Mumbai.

 WFM: Do you think that the latest implementation

 WFM: Kindly brief on the façade market in India?

of RERA would help the quality control and builders will go for quality and brands under the organized sector?

PR: Façade market in India is still largely an unorganised one. I would say that 2/3rd of the market is still an unorganised sector. With events like ZAK World of Façades and a number of other organized engagements within the industry, we see a transformation happening and the share of organised market is growing year by year. It is still a large market with a huge potential. There is space for every organised player.

PR: This was a very good decision which has happened to our industry. Every organised player will benefit from this and such development gives an opportunity for people to move from the unorganised sector to a more organised sector. Such acts protect the consumer interests which are of paramount importance to the suppliers. We are in favour and support the RERA.

 WFM: Could you please give us some figures on the

 WFM: Your products are made in Austria. Indian climatic conditions are very different from what you experience in Europe. So, what kind of treatments is given to your products to accommodate the Indian climatic conditions?

organised market for facades in India? PR: 100 million square metres are the potential market for both, facades and glazing in India. In terms of currency, it will be difficult to give a number because we are considering both glazing as well as other materials, we have a choice of materials to play. But this is in terms of the area.  WFM: Could you please tell us something about the

quality control procedures which you follow for your material, as well as for installation? PR: We certainly adhere to the National Building Code of the Indian Government. Over and above, we make sure that we follow the best international practices in terms of the quality compliances and for ensuring sustainability.

A project in France

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PR: Though the products are made in Austria, we sell them in over 70 countries worldwide which deal with extreme weather conditions. In India, the relative difference between the highest temperature and the lowest temperatures is not less than 40 degrees Centigrade between the warmest and coldest conditions. Take Delhi for example, the temperature in winter is 4-5 degrees and in summer it is close to 47-48 degrees. So, the variation is 40-44 degrees. The winters in European countries such as Austria, it goes to -20 degrees in winters and in the summer the temperature is as high as 40 degrees. Here we are talking of a variation of 60 degrees already and thus

A unique façade design for a corporate office

In India, maintenance is a big issue. So, one should look for materials (like FunderMax) which has got minimum maintenance issues. So, this is big value-added advantage. Another thing is the post-sales service and support which we offer. That also makes a big difference. We keep visiting our projects to check for technical compliances and engaging our customers regularly. We are here in India as a fully subsidiary company and not just like an importer. So, we take ownership of our projects and we are here to stay.  WFM: Could you please tell us about some of the challenges which you have faced over the past ten years?

Closer view of the IT Company Campus in Hyderabad

the condition is worse in some of these countries than unlike in India which has largely the tropical weather. Our products are made for all weather conditions.  WFM: Indian market is highly price sensitive. How

successful have your products been? And how have you been able to optimise your sales in India with this constraint of cost sensitive market? PR: We definitely acknowledge that India is a price sensitive country and within India there are markets which are more price sensitive, like markets in the East. Within this large market, there are many valuable customers who want to use the world class products, best of services and this contributes to a significant share. As long as we are able to connect to the customer and show them the benefits which go beyond just the features, we are able to gain from here. If you want to add a skin to the building and if we do the cladding, it would surely enhance the life of the building. As long as we are able to deliver those benefits and values, the price is a discussion we can certainly address. It is true that we still have to respect the pyramid and focus on the top segment of the pyramid which is still a big market.  WFM: What are the key aspects to be considered

while going for a cladding material? PR: The sustainability of the material is very important. The facades should be living and breathing skins.

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PR: Challenges keep coming all the time and also interestingly also keep changing time to time. We operate in a highly dynamic macro-environmental conditions. In the past, we had faced some financial crisis, then we had issues of excess building units inventories, followed by issues of introduction of new acts like GST, RERA and all. We take every challenge as an opportunity and we have tried to overcome them and create prospective business for ourselves. For sure, we’ll keep seeing new challenges in the future too, but the approach of FunderMax has been to embrace these challenges and look for opportunities within these challenges.  WFM: Where do you see your company and the

façade business in India by 2020? PR: We are quite positive and looking forward for the market to grow bigger and bigger. There are definite opportunities for organised players as far as the market shares are concerned since they are increasing. We are currently in the leadership position and we would definitely be keeping our heads high by 2020 and beyond too.  WFM: Tell us about your future programmes and plans for more facilities? What is your aim for 2020?

PR: We will continue investing in training and development facilities in India. We are definitely keeping all our options open for the manufacturing facility in India in the future. But this also has to be in sync with the global requirements and global brands. We will think about the manufacturing facility depending upon the market conditions of Asia. So, our expansion plans should address the markets beyond India as well.

Perforated façade giving the structure a contemporary look

 WFM: Do you look forward for any collaboration with other products in India or outside to improve your business?

PR: We have a very vast product portfolio within FunderMax with various application possibilities. And this itself gives various possibilities that we can work on. Today, we are already looking into laboratory business, we are talking about cubicle business and we are also looking for opportunities in the kitchen furniture. We are exploring within the portfolio of what we have. Therefore, we don’t have to go beyond our product range to partner with anyone else with the products at least. But within our product portfolio and existing partner work, under our network of what we have, we have lots of opportunities to scale up our business.  WFM: What is your take on Façade Safety?

PR: Well, we think the hot topics today is the recent fire accidents that have happened in London and Dubai. Looking at the projects in India, façade safety is the area where the industry should really grow and truly work towards maximum safety. We should not wait for the accidents to happen and then work out for solutions. The industry should work together to strengthen our National Building Code so that our buildings are safe in the first place and able to handle any unfortunate fire accidents. FunderMax products have flame retardant as well as fire retardant features, which can contribute to the

Office for Qualcomm, India

safety of the buildings. We are definitely working with the other leaders of the industry to make the buildings safer. This is one area, where I think the industry should be quite proactive in their approach. At this moment, we are thankful to the industry with whom we have been able to work with and the opportunities that it has provided and we would like to continue partnering with the industry.  WFM: According to your clients what is your

success mantra? PR: We believe in focus. We do not want to jump into every opportunity we see. We are highly focused on our approach. We are clear about our markets and our potential, we are clear about our customer segments, and our potential cost and we remain focussed on that. We believe, our partners make a big difference to our success. They have stood with us for ten years and look forward for the association for many years to come. Their abilities to support and service these ten thousand projects have made a big difference and contributed to our success.

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A VIVID FAÇADE SWATHED IN A RIOT OF COLOURS Hotel Aira, Vijaywada, Andhra Pradesh

Aira is a boutique hotel with forty guest rooms spread over five floors located in the commercial heart of Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. With many concrete structures around, the hotel wasn’t getting the prominence it deserved. The client wanted the hotel to stand out visually. To address this issue, the designer, Shankar Narayan Architects, created a layer of colourful panels over the building façade. It was a visual element that would be memorable and longlasting. The Challenge: One major factor that the architect considered before starting the renovation was the harsh sunlight of Vijayawada. Some of the primary challenges in panel formation were: • Ensuring free movement of air through the panels and at the same time allowing privacy in the road facing rooms. • Providing shade to the hotel’s façade

• Creating a dynamic effect by allowing gentle movement of the panels and yet making sure the structure is strong. The Solution: Shankar Narayan Architects developed an elaborate plan that ticked off all the project requirements and the associated challenges. It facilitated aesthetic appeal, all-weather resistance and functional results. The project panned out on the following lines: • Colour transition: The colour layout was planned in a manner to reveal the transition from blue (representing water) on the north east side and orange (representing sun) on the south east side. • Optimal usage of materials: Square panels of optimum sizes were riveted to stainless steel wire rope cables pulled between two MS box section frames forty feet apart in elevation. • Dynamic effect: Creating a moving effect in such SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  107

a way that the panels swayed slightly along with the breeze, but rotation was avoided through interconnection of the panels. Airflow: The panels were perforated with creative patterns to enable smooth air flow and give a light and shade effect to the building.

FunderMax Composite Laminate panels were chosen for the following reasons: • Light weight, weather proof, flame retardant and unbreakable • Available in a range of colours and thicknesses • Non fading, bright, unicolour decor range • Easy to cut and perforate without the risk of delamination • Easily replaceable in case of need The Result: The new creative and unique facade resulted in an uptick in brand recognition of hotel Aira and consequently, guest inflow. It was an exciting culmination of team work - a bold client and creative architectural vision that was brought to life by FunderMax. The Architect: Shankar Narayan Architects is one of the most respected and recognized architectural firms in Hyderabad. For over quarter of a century, the firm has worked on a wide spectrum of projects including a railway station, campuses, institutional, industrial and corporate interiors, independent residences and even an animal shelter for an NGO. The practice, headed by Mr. G. Shankar Narayan is known for its innovative design approach, costeffective construction techniques, professionalism and financial integrity. The firm relies on the fundamentals of space, proportion, light and an

honest use of materials to create a sense of belonging for the occupant. QUICK FACTS Project: Hotel Aira Location: Vijaywada, Andhra Pradesh Architect: Shankar Narayan Architects Material used: FunderMax 0085 White, 0702 Night Blue, 0712 Steel Blue, 0689 Dark Red, 0736 Saffron Area: 500 sqm Applications: Perforated Façade

We wanted to create an element of dynamism. As the panels were designed to move with the breeze, perforations were made to reduce the wind resistance and interesting patterns were created by the perforations with light and shade patterns. - Architect G Shankar Narayan

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ENERGY-EFFICIENT INSULATED PANELS FIRE RATED ACPS AT KOCHI SMART CITY About the Author: Ashok Kumar Bhaiya is the Chief Managing Director of Aludecor Lamination Pvt. Ltd. Established in 2004, Aludecor Lamination Private Limited, the flagship company of the HMB Group, stepped into the building and design scene to transform the look of tomorrow’s construction by helping to create contemporary structures. The company manufactures aluminium composite panels, individual signage, wall panels, building facade materials, escalators and other building materials for interior and exterior designing. Bhaiya firmly believes that continuous research, unparalleled service and a strict vigil on their products have earned a pride of place in India’s ACP market.

Ashok Kumar Bhaiya CMD, Aludecor Lamination Pvt. Ltd.

manufacture sandwiched insulation panels keeping in mind the coastal climate. Smart City is a joint venture IT project between TEECOM (Dubai Holdings) and the Government of Kerala. The building has been designed by B&H Architects from Vancouver. Reachable by boat and road, Smart City has vast common areas and greenery. Aludecor firerated ACPs have been used by Sherbrooke Aluminium Products to manufacture sandwiched insulated panels for the façade and the skylight. Smart City, Kochi, 3500 sq.m.

The hot and humid weather of the Indian subcontinent is inspiring a growing number of architects to opt for building insulation. High standards of thermal insulation offer a practical and cost effective means of reducing electricity consumption. Smart City, Kochi is one such project where Aludecor ACPs have been used to

The walls of this LEED Platinum rated IT building complex are cladded with double glazed high performance glass and aluminium composite panels with a 75mm insulating layer of extruded polystyrene (XPS) rigid foam insulation in between. Also, the skylight is designed in a way so that it has enough illumination for the lobby and almost 75 percent direct heat and glare is avoided to the main IT Park lobby below. SEPT - OCT 2017 WFM  111




Detailing of the sandwiched insulated panels for the façade

Initially, the architects planned to use steel for the insulation panels, but later settled for ACP since it fares better in coastal climate than steel. Owing to its lightweight, ACP has an added advantage over other building materials used for cladding. There is a host of economic benefits of building insulation. A few of them are as follows:  70% to 80% energy loss is through façade. Hence insulated façades will save up energy consumption and eventually result in lower electricity bills  Insulation reduces the heating and cooling costs by 20% to 30%  Cost of insulation is not more than 1% to 3% of the total property value and lasts life long without any maintenance. Building insulation has got environmental benefits too. Energy consumption in building segment is rising at a faster rate due to rapid urbanization. In India, buildings account for 10% of total greenhouse gas emission. Insulation has immediate impact

Skylight at the Smart City

on reducing total energy demand and reducing greenhouse gas emission. Properly insulated buildings render to comfortable and healthy living by controlling temperature and noise level. With new technology and innovation that is shaping the modern Indian architecture, Aludecor ACPs can be an excellent option for sandwiched insulation panel. Details courtesy: Koshey K Cherian, Managing Partner, Sherbrooke Aluminium Products


The walls are cladded with double glazed high performance glass and aluminium composite panels

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Project: Smart City, Kochi Location: Kochi, Kerala Architect: B+H Façade Consultant: Synergy Fabricator: Sherbrooke Aluminium Products Façade Material: ACP: AL45 Aludecor Firewall (Fire Rated ACP) Speciality of the Project: LEED Platinum Rated Smart City, IT Building Complex, Kochi



Argemax & Tondach product launch

Wienerberger, the leading provider of building material solutions, has introduced its latest range of clay roof tiles ‘TONDACH’ and composite façade panels ‘Argemax’, to cater to all building formats. TONDACH® Mediteran Plus is the latest addition to Wienerberger’s existing range of Koramic Roof Solutions. Manufactured in Europe, it combines functionality and design aesthetics offering a perfectly engineered, economical solution for pitched roof construction which is ideal for new buildings and refurbishment projects. Being fired at 1,500 degree centigrade, these roof tiles can withstand extremes of weather conditions. The unique curvature of these tiles does not allow water retention on the roofs and facilitates easy drainage. Also, the air within the curve acts as a natural insulator allowing sufficient breathability. These tiles

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have Engobe finish that resists moss and fungus formation. They are recyclable and easy to replace existing roofing material. TONDACH® is available in four profiles, including Natural Red, Red Engobe, Terracotta Antique, Engobe Antique. Argemax is a brand range of high quality composite façade

Building cladded with Argemax

panels. The range is ideal for all building types from commercial to residential. The panels offer high design flexibility to architects and are functionally superior to existing façade options. Argemax composite fiber panels offer an innovative alternative to contemporary façade material with a wide range of colours to choose from. The panels comes in large format size of 3.05 x 1.22 m and 2.5 x 1.22 m and can be converted into any size using standard tools, thereby providing the architect with a plethora of design choices. These panels are used as dry cladding with very high durability. With Argemax façade panels, there is zero warpage which ensures a long lasting smooth finish. The panels are very easy to install and are well suited for refurbishments of old buildings. Besides, Argemax has a number of other benefits, such as flexibility in design with a range of colours, high strength and fire resistant, maintenance free and low water absorption, suitable for an innumerable range of applications.

For more details, contact: Anasua Mitra, Marketing Manager-Wiener berger India Private Limited, +91 80 4149 1682; anasua.; www.


SCULPTURAL OFFICE BUILDING THE CRESCENT, SURAT, GUJARAT About the Architect: Mumbai-based Sanjay Puri Architects was established in 1992 which now has a strength of 72 people. The firm has won 63 international awards including seven World Architecture Festival Awards, three Chicago Athenaeum Museum of Architecture & Designs International Architecture Awards, four A+ Architizer New York Awards, three Hospitality Design New York Awards, two SARA (Society of American Registered Architects) Awards and 14 MIPIM Architecture Review Future Projects Awards in Cannes. Sanjay Puri graduated in 1988 from the Academy of Architecture, Mumbai. He has participated in the Venice Architecture Biennale in 2014, and was a jury member at the World Architecture Festivals in Barcelona & Singapore, and the Plan Perspective Awards, Milan. He has been a speaker at architecture conventions in Barcelona, Belgrade, Singapore, London, Amsterdam, Milan, Venice & Bologna. The firm believes in exploring spatial relationships innovatively and evolving contextual sustainable design solutions.

Sanjay Puri Principal Architect, Sanjay Puri Architects, Mumbai

The Crescent is a small single level office, located in Surat city, Gujarat. The client wanted a small office with a reception, cabins, pantry, dining area for the staff and a small conference room.

The Crescent is a small single level office in Surat

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The temperature at Surat remains above 35°C for 8 months of the year and the sun is always on the southern side. The plot is located at a T junction of a road and a building to the south. The road junction abuts the site on the northern and western sides. The zoning constraint is a minimum of 3m setback from

Corten steel is used for the external face of the building and galvanized metal is used for the roof

all sides of the plot which is mandatory for the built area. However, the site proved to be advantageous for the owner who is a local property dealer. The building is conveniently positioned for the developerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s client and serves as a promotional landmark in the area.

Concept Sections

incident southern reys

northlight workspace

building setback

Section showing north facing orientation of building around a waterbody

DESIGN DESCRIPTION The design of the project focuses on creating an energy-efficient building in response to the climate, site and its orientation. The spaces are arranged sequentially in a curvilinear volume with a central north facing open courtyard in response to the sun direction, which is always in the southern hemisphere in this location.

reflected light through clere-story




Unfolded Section showing use of clerestory windows for workscape lighting and courtyard for cooling and recreation

Build-mass Evolution

1. Volume required by the office

4. Mass further refined by adding vertical north facing incisions to light the internal office spaces and reduce heat gain

2. Opening up maximum surface to north using C-configuration

3. Optimising utility of the corners by curving the form making it more effiecient

5. Courtyard with shallow waterbody and an additional internally accessed courtyard

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The circulation spine within the office skirts the perimeter of the open courtyard with a shallow pool of water

Retaining the architect’s signature sculptural presence in his design and form, the office is built completely in a steel frame structure. Corten steel is used for the external face of the building and galvanized metal for the roof considering its sturdiness and longevity it provides to the structure. The architect chose the material consciously as it enable the façade to withstand the ravages of time and other external elements. Besides, the material ages with grace and beauty in a natural process. The striking orange colour of the material brings attention to the structure easily. In fact, it carves a distinct personality of the structure. The circulation spine within the office skirts the perimeter of the open courtyard with a shallow pool of water reflecting the surrounding buildings. The courtyard allows its users to experience the outdoor space while moving within the office. Near the site is a large nine-storeyed building under construction, close to the southern side of the office. A small garden space is created between the two larger office cabins that acts as a buffer. In addition, each of the internal spaces is lit by north facing openings created by splitting the curvilinear form into a series of sequential spaces based upon the needs of the office. The orientation of the office ensures that each part of the office derives indirect north light, thus increasing the energy efficiency of the spaces within due to the reduced heat gain from the south. Simultaneously,

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the design ensures that no part of the office looks towards the large dominating built structure on the southern side. The building height varies from 9m on the north facing side to 4m on the southern side with the roof gradually stepping down. Ventilators within the roofs varying heights allow natural light to additionally penetrate the internal spaces. The water pool within the courtyard helps reduce the temperatures further due to evaporative cooling. The internal spaces of this small building are expressed externally as well as volumetrically. The most challenging aspect of this project was to complete the building within a specific time frame. The architect completed the building in three months before the strict deadline. QUICK FACTS Project: The Crescent Location: Surat, Gujarat Client: Happy Home Group, Surat Architect: Sanjay Puri Consultants: Technocrat Consultants (Structural), Milan Enterprise (Electrical), Narvat Enterprise (Plumbing), Sanjay Puri Architects (Landscape) Materials used for façade: Corten Steel Panels, Clear Glass Commencement Date: August 2015 Completion Date: October 2015 Area: 4,905 Sq ft 



Sourabh Gupta & Lena Ragade Gupta Directors, Archohm Consults, Noida

©Andre j fanthome

Sourabh Gupta graduated in architecture, magnacum laude from the esteemed School of Architecture, CEPT University at Ahmedabad in India. With the insight provided there by the best in the realm of architecture, coupled with a stint in urban design from the acclaimed TU Delft, The Netherlands and most importantly, propelled by a compulsive need to travel, explore and design, Sourabh conceptualized studio Archohm. Lena Ragade Gupta, graduated with top honours from the prestigious School of Architecture, CEPT, Ahmedabad in 1994 and has been practising architecture since then. Her stint at the Technical University of Zurich, coupled with the extensive travel across India and Europe has been a critical component of her architectural pedagogy. A dedicated academician and mentor who believes in communicating the essence of design to all enthusiasts, she is currently crewing the publications and editorial team of Archohm.

Jai Prakash Narayan International Centre (JPNIC), Lucknow

Inserted as anchor points on one of the principal nodes of the city of Lucknow, the two institutionsthe Jayaprakash Narayan Interpretation Centre,

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also known as the Museum of Socialism, and the Jayaprakash Narayan International Convention Centre, take on the onus of becoming contemporary

©Andre j fanthome

©Andre j fanthome

landmarks that inspire the development of the urban fabric around them. The museum’s architecture and experience design has not been envisioned to be mere repositories of frozen moments of the past, but designed with the intention of making it alive and active participant in the contemporary dynamics of the historic city of Lucknow. The external façade strives to achieve fitting, sensitive and gallant negotiations with the contrasting and oft conflicting contexts of urbanity and nature. The terracotta cladding responds to the integrity of a historic cityscape. The blank walls of the simplified triangle are born out of the need for the museum’s introverted character, but belie the complexity of interlocking volumes and themes that make for the museum journey.

The building with its clean and clear lines is deceptively simple

to construct in concrete. However, its terracotta cladding throws light on its desire to cohabit- it’s warm, earthy and deep texture is very indigenous. This formal asceticism in the use of stark and simple material strives to imbue richness and nobility. The material choice conveys a certain timelessness and ease of maintenance, both elements much needed for a public space of this nature. The presence of a ‘skin’ as opposed to a façade means that the building sports a layered outer covering. The custom-designed terracotta tiles are dry-clad with an air-gap between this layer and the true wall. ©Andre j fanthome

Bird’s eye view of the project

The monolithic and bold form of the building exudes empowerment. Just like the man it represents, the building with its clean and clear lines is deceptively simple, the profound depth and complexity revealed on the inside and it only reinforces the notion of simplicity being rooted in deep thought and reflection. The austere expression of materials, subconsciously echoes the honest and unpretentious character of JP while the grand form makes a bold architectural impression that is absolutely imperative and intentional, meant to push people towards questioning fundamentals and towards brave expressions in the pursuit of change. Since the building is itself sculptural in nature, it seemed best

The custom-designed terracotta tiles on the façade are dryclad with an air-gap between this layer and the true wall

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©Andre j fanthome

This space filled with rock wool offers a measurable degree of thermal and sound insulation. While the former keeps the much visited place cool and comfortable, the latter helps in cutting down the city cacophony, along with a host of other measures and enables the immersive museum experience to be smooth and undisrupted by noise. Further, the terracotta tiles being perforated, allow for air flow and ventilation. The use of this indigenous and earthfriendly material states the museum’s ecological positioning. The triangular shape of the façade best diagrammatically represents the triad of objectives of socialism as conceived by JP- freedom, equality and brotherhood. Three of these words are celebrated and etched in multiple languages on the terracotta panels, bearing testimony to JP’s national outreach and following.

©Andre j fanthome

One of the façades is made of vertical bars- the voids in between them create the image of JP. This twodimensional sculpture is a face of freedom and is a combination of a real and illusionary installation.

The use of this indigenous and earth-friendly material states the museum’s ecological positioning

Interestingly the triangular façade facing the convention centre, sports a viewing tunnel from which the monumental building is clearly viewed. This feature adds a dose of playfulness to the otherwise sombre building. The façade evokes curiosity about the life within, giving just that little hint of the narrative of the museum; this part of the façade is indeed a part of the journey through it. The ‘fronts’ are truly non-façades for they are not afterthoughtsdressings of the building, but conscious participants in the programme and reflective of the spirit inhabiting it.

QUICK FACTS Project: Jai Prakash Narayan International Centre (JPNIC) Location: Lucknow Client: Lucknow Development Authority Architect: Sourabh Gupta Materials used for façade: Terracotta Cladding Commencement Date: 2013 Completion Date: 2016 Site Area: 18.6 acres (75,464 sq m) Built-Up Area: 96125 sq m One of the façades is made of vertical bars- the voids in between them create the image of JP

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In 2006, the principal architect Sunil Gambani, having 25 years of experience working with Ar. Hafeez Contractor, started this firm Drishti Architects with an emphatic belief in design and the desire to towards making spaces better. Today, they are a multi-disciplinary firm with the versatility of pragmatic designers as their key asset, delivering value to clients and society through design and integrity. The architect’s long experience provides the exceptional insight that helps them create designs appropriate to the end user and the habitat, environment and similar stakeholders being impacted in the process of execution. Maximising the potential of all projects, the firm devotes attention to detail from concept to completion and beyond.

Sunil Gambani & Misha Sharma Architects, Drishti Architects and Interior Designers Classic Marble Company (CMC) is an international brand that spans across 40 countries and considers as living space innovators dealing with a range of natural marbles, exotic stones, granites, high pressure laminates, engineered marble and quartz. Their existing facility in Bhandup, Mumbai is a part of the industrial sector, they were desirous of revamping the brand image, the brief most obviously demanded elements that could effectively convey a message that the owner believes in what he sells.

The façade of the CMC Showroom

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Classic Marble Company’s (CMC) head office cum showroom has been designed to represent distinction with innovation. Breaking away from the clutter,

the showroom cum office building adds a spark to the immediate area with its façade telling the story of the brand even before anyone steps foot in it. The façade gives the first impression of a structure and reflects the identity of the building. This required for the façade to not only look different but also to endorse the company’s product. Kalinga Stone, CMC’s flagship brand for composites, was picked out for accomplishing this objective and the entire façade was clad with the marble. The next step was to further accentuate the beauty of the façade by adding to it an element of light. Interestingly, being a processed material which makes it stronger, the marble allowed for being machined into reduced thickness. Without making it dangerously fragile, but thin enough for making it translucent, the marble slabs were machined to 5 mm thickness in select areas. A technical innovation in external façades and a first of its kind in India, a CNC machine was employed to cut or engrave square patterns into the marble slab. The resulting opaque surface allows for light to pass through it, beautifully highlighting the delicate veins and elaborating the richness of the marble. In the daytime, the curtain filters the light through it, which falls inside the office interiors in a gorgeous mélange of colours and designs, and in the evenings, the LEDs behind the reliefs light up the façade to render an expression reminiscent of twinkling stars in a Milky Way.

to maximize on its usage. The floors, table tops, counters, etc., are made using the in-house material. The walls used huge slabs of marble that reflect a character like that of a painting. It’s an instant suggestion of its potential. The mural at the entrance and reception table are the highlight of the interiors. Carved out of a single piece of raw block of quarry marble, they sit like two majestic pieces in the lobby, complemented with a modular light chandelier in a three-dimensional form hanging over the reception almost imitating a tree branch that hangs over the solid rock. The architects tried to keep the furniture minimal and the lighting scheme around is only to highlight the marble on walls and floor for the best. The architects also planned a cafe corner along a discussion area. It lends a space and time to the visitor to immerse themselves into the surrounding lifestyle. The punch

The façade design not only marks an identity, but also proposes the way for new façades to spring up. With these elements of modernism, innovation and endurance, it is an easy trend setter and proposes a wide usage in the corporate and luxury sector. This encourages them to use it wherever creativity is prime against affordability. Where the interiors of the showroom are concerned, the architects conceptualized the space as a modern day museum with an understated cover that is effective enough to display the products like paintings in a museum. Their range of stones varied in colours, the architects chose neutral shades of grey and brown for the walls. The circulation was planned to create dark tunnels with a bright streak of flexi light that marks the outline of these tunnels and adjustable art light highlighting only the marbles on both sides. When you design a showroom for a product so widely used in the construction industry, you have

Thin marble slabs were machined to 5 mm thickness in select areas, which allows the light to pass through

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Techlam Lounge

Store Interior

of this area is the ‘gold stone’ cafe counter placed against a rough granite slab in an almost dark tunnel with tiny spotlights to highlight the bling of the gold only. Svelto Lounge is another highlight corner where the high pressure laminates have been used to create a three-dimensional feature. The play of light is an interesting detail where the surface undulations create dynamic patterns with slim linear profiles. The showroom is a representative of trade that throws creative ideas for its inherent material and creative lighting. The reception carved out of a single boulder of marble

QUICK FACTS Project: Classic Marble Company, Bhandup Location: Bhandup Village, Bhandup, Mumbai Architects: Drishti Architects and Interior Designers Principal Architect: Sunil Gambani Associate Architect: Misha Sharma Material Used: Natural marble, Exotic Granite, Kalinga Stone, Marble, Techlam, Iris Size: 473 sq m/5,089 sq ft Commencement and Completion Date: 2016 Mural wall conceptualized as a stone quarry under mining

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Hemjith A Vengateri is the Managing Director of Navi Mumbai-based ALUMIL Systems India Pvt. Ltd. He is an accomplished mechanical engineer and a project management professional (PMI) with MBA in international business. He has over 18 years of professional working experience in the international façade and fenestration industry. Hemjith has served in numerous senior management positions with leading companies in India, the Middle East and Europe. Besides, he has a vast experience and expertise in product design and development for the façade & fenestration industry and closely worked with R&D departments of various global companies. He holds a strong belief that with top European quality standards, ALUMIL Systems India will provide customized solutions, fully adapted to the local needs and ready to exceed every expectation.

Hemjith A Vengateri Managing Director, ALUMIL Systems India Pvt. Ltd.

being sturdy and extremely durable. The innovative R&D department of ALUMIL, developed a tailor made version of the excellent casement window SUPREME S91, which is specially designed for passive houses. A customized solution of this particular window was chosen by Google Inc. In total, 3,500 windows were fabricated for the successful renovation of Google’s fenestration at its central offices in New York.

Advanced aluminium architectural window systems installed in Google Inc., New York, USA

Google wanted to improve the aesthetic value and the energy efficiency of its offices in New York at the 111 Eighth Avenue, one of the largest buildings in town. During the renovation, they needed a window that would incorporate the essential sustainable and energy efficient characteristics, while simultaneously

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The product was specially designed in order to meet the high requirements of passive houses (certified by the German Passive House Institute). It is ideal for heavy duty, insulated casement windows with high security level. The system is characterized for its excellent performance in terms of thermal insulation, water tightness and noise reduction as well as for its flexibility and ease of fabrication. Passive buildings are the future of the construction industry, as the need for low-energy buildings is increasing, not only for the sake of energy efficiency, but also because of the importance of minimizing

A prototype window by ALUMIL

pollution. Based on studies, building energy consumption represents approximately 40% of the total energy consumed worldwide. It all started in March 2012 when it was informed about the specifications of a major project for the American tech giant Google Inc. The windows for the project, according to the specifications, required a coefficient of thermal transmittance Uw = 0.57 W/m2K, i.e. very high-insulation windows. Through its advanced window, the company proposed even higher thermal insulation with a thermal transmission coefficient of Uw = 0.55 W/m2K.

Detailing of the prototype window - SUPREME S91 of ALUMIL

of energy consumed on transportation (per kg of produced material), the percentage of recycled materials used and the energy resources used by its plants (the plant mainly uses natural gas, but also solar energy). Finally, after some adjustments regarding cross sections by the architects of the project, the window reached its final shape. In order to confirm the final design, all the required performance tests took place in the company’s testing chamber and later on in the U.S., with strict tests regarding airtightness, water tightness, wind load resistance and design load.

Soon a prototype window was presented (October 2012). ALUMIL was quick to make a proposal at the requested thermal insulation (even slightly lower than the needed specifications). However, since no other company was able to make a proposal according to these demanding specifications, the architectural office realized that it should lower the insulation requirements and increase the UW value to 1,14 W/m2K in order to take more offers.

The product demonstrating high speed and flexibility, in combination with high-quality production based on “green processes” with top European standards, obviously earned Google’s trust from the beginning. Consequently, by achieving the wanted performance level, ALUMIL’s proposal was accepted and selected as a supplier for Google’s office windows in New York.

In January 2013, the company presented its second proposal according to the new specifications. The construction of the prototype window was arranged immediately, including additionally exterior blinds with aerodynamic design and internal shading curtains of high-functionality. The window was installed at the agreed time for evaluation.

Project: 111 Eighth Avenue Location: New York, U.S.A. Client: GOOGLE S.A. Architects: HLW Other Consultants: GMS Materials used for facade & fenestration: Advanced aluminium architectural systems Commencement Date: 2014 Completion Date: 2016

Noteworthy is the fact that Google requested a detailed report on the window’s energy footprint, based on the production methods, the footprint

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UWDMA’S REGIONAL CONFERENCES AT GURUGRAM & HYDERABAD Mario Schmidt, President of UWDMA, talked about the latest progress and development of UWDMA in both the events. He shared the details on the proposal for setting up of UWDMA training centre in collaboration with the government of Rajasthan at ITI Bhiwadi, and the plan submitted to MSME for UWDMA becoming a training partner aggregator. He also talked about the selection of uPVC window fabrication and glazier course for ITI. The Gurugram event

Recent regional conferences organized by the uPVC Window and Door Manufacturers Association (UWDMA), were great success. Themed on the topic “The Cost Factor”, the events were held at Gurugram on 17th August, 2017 and Hyderabad on 15th September, 2017. It is an estimation analysis programme that has been put together with the best in the industry to bring out a formula to arrive at the ‘Cost’ of windows. Through these conferences, UWDMA aims to bring together the best of marketing and production minds together to reinvent the uPVC window and educate and exchange best practices from across the country. The events at both the places were graced by the presence of many industry leaders.

The events saw interesting product presentations by the sponsors of the conferences, including Prominance, Encraft, McCoy, LGF Sysmac and DNV. There are four more conferences to be held in Coimbatore (October 2017), Ahmedabad (November 2017) and Lucknow (December 2017). On completion of the U-RC series on ‘The Cost Factor’, UWDMA proposes to start a monthly programme for builders and developers, which will also be taken to all major cities in the country.

The conference in Gurugram started off on a high note with a welcome address by Amit Malhotra, Marketing Head of UWDMA. Pramod Jha, who is the Director of Spectrum Windows and Beyond, gave an insightful presentation on the topic “The Cost Factor – An Estimation Analysis Programme” at the event. Satish Kumar, Secretary at UWDMA, addressed the conference at Hyderabad with his opening speech. R V Kannan, Director of Deltra Global Profiles, discussed on the topic “The Cost Factor – An Estimation Analysis Programme” through presentation which was enlightening. Besides, UWDMA Technical Committee discussed about NBC 2016 regarding windows/doors in the Hyderabad conference.

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The Hyderabad event


100 tests completed and going strong

PERFORMANCE TESTING OF BUILDING FACADE Testing of curtain walls, windows and doors systems for water penetration, air leakage, structural performance and seismic loading


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FOAID CREATES WAVES OF AWARENESS deeper and find simple solutions. Speakers were invited to discuss on many topics like – Is the Future of Architecture Political, The Psychology of Space Making, Happiness by Design, which had esteemed panel members like Prof. KT Ravindran, ShimulKadri, Manish Gulati, Madhav Raman, Bijoy Ramachandran, SwanzalKak Kapoor and many more.

An engaging debate session

Festival of Architecture & Interior Designing (FOAID), an annual event that celebrates design, was held on 22nd & 23rd September at New Delhi. The 4th edition of FOAID created waves of networking, attracting over 2500 fraternity members under a spectrum of 2 days. Design Manthan (National Conference) witnessed 425 architects, interior designers and allied members in attendance who got inspired with 150 prominent speakers and jury members who shared their thoughts and ideas on the lines of “Let’s Uncondition” which was also the theme for FOAID 2017. The convention was inaugurated by Shri Gaur Gopal Das, an international life coach. He shared his wisdom which connected the audience to think

Ar. Christopher Charles Benninger delivering a special address

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Presentations by stalwarts of architecture like Dikshu Kukreja, Sanjay Prakash, Vikas Dilawari and Dulal Mukherjee on topics like ‘10 people or situations who influenced my design’, ‘A lifelong passion’, ‘My Inspiration’& many more were well received. Keynote address by Ar. Christopher Charles Benninger was very involving and he encouraged the audience with his inspirational talk on his priceless contribution in the realm of design. FOAID also hosted 4 awards competition of which one was Berger Architecture Ideas 3.0 which aimed at acknowledging exemplary work done by architects under the age of 35 and others being student competitions. FOAID aims to encourage the design students to come forward and display their innovative ideas, and one such initiative was ‘Expressions’ where top seven colleges of the north & east zone displayed their creative design installations which was judged by an esteemed panel of jury members. The 5th edition of Design Excellence in Mumbai is scheduled on 1st & 2nd December, 2017.

Over 425 architects, interior designers and students attended FOAID



ZAK WORLD OF FAÇADES, 14TH JULY, 2017–BENGALURU The 19th edition of Zak World of Façades India was held successfully on July 14, 2017 at the Ritz-Carlton hotel, Bengaluru. The event was the 5th edition in the city of Bengaluru and 31st edition globally. As part of the international conference series, this elite conference delved on various subject, such as modern day challenge in the design and construction industry, latest trends and innovations in the design façade industry, etc. The full-day affair showcased a wide range of the latest façade products, technologies and solutions, which drew the attention of the crowd. No wonder, the event has been the most look forward and influential forum for professionals and experts belonging to the façade and building envelope fraternity since its inception.

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The central focus of this event was to bring together under one platform the ever expanding brigade of experts in the field of façades and building envelopes. The event gave an opportunity to both the national and overseas experts to share their knowledge, experience, innovations and expertise in their relevant fields. It facilitated to bring forth new and novel ideas, offer fresh insights and perspectives on the industry, and revamp the old to create a more adept and empowered façade industry. Besides, the event served as an ideal platform for networking and enhancing business relationships. Tariq Kachwala (Director, FG Glass Industries) was the event convener& host. The much awaited event

Tariq Kachwala, Director, FG Glass Industries

Niraj Borikar, Head of Marketing, FunderMax India

was commenced with a positive welcome note by Syed Zakir Ahmed, who is the Chairman of Zak Group. After his address, the event progressed with the four sessions chalked out for the event focusing on different topical themes. The first session saw an insightful presentation of Niraj Borikar, Head of Marketing, FunderMax India, who discussed on “Rear ventilated façade system” and also on the importance of ventilation for buildings and modern day challenges, key attributes of a real ventilated façade and rear ventilated façade using high pressure laminates. The next presentation on “Innovative silicone material enabling sustainable architecture” by Loriane Parisot, R&D Director of Europe, Dow Corning, was an invigorating discourse that kept the audience engaged. He also discussed about 50+ years of proven silicone performance, leading innovation through clear technology, support & services that help enable silicone technologies. The last session was wrapped up with an interesting presentation by Gautam Bhasin, Regional Manager of Inhabit Group. He elaborated on the “Evolving design optimisation methods” and also shed light on new design paradigms and evolving tools, scripted

Cyril Vanmeerhaeghe, International Product Manager - Façades & Solar Protection, Serge Ferrari

Joachim Nasdalak, Head - Quality Management, Schueco International

Loriane Parisot, R&D Director of Europe, Dow Corning

Gautam Bhasin, Regional Manager, Inhabit Group

solutions to unique challenges, improved efficiencies in construction. The second session began with Cyril Vanmeerhaeghe, International Product Manager - Facades & Solar Protection, Serge Ferrari, who spoke on “Tensile fabric façade - Architectural functions and benefits” and further elaborated on thermal comfort and solar protection, visual comfort and glare control and dynamic façades with day/night effect. This was followed by Joachim Nasdalak, Head of Quality Management, Schueco International, who discussed about managing quality worldwide at Schueco, global challenges in quality management and more. Next followed a special keynote presentation by Michael Chin, Associate Principal - Façade Engineering Leader, Arupon “Cities Alive: Designing green & sustainable façades for the tropics” and also highlighted the challenges in incorporating “green” façades and how they can influence the environment. The session came to an end with a brain storming panel discussion on “Trends and innovations in building facade designs”, moderated by K R Suresh, Regional Director of Axis Facades. The panellists included Gayathri

Michael Chin, Associate Principal - Façade Engineering Leader, Arup

Sourabh Kankar, Regional Manager, Gujarat Guardian

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The first panel discussion on “Trends and innovations in building facade designs”, moderated by K R Suresh, Regional Director of Axis Facades

Shetty, Owner of Gayathri & Namith Architects; Nita Kembhavi, Partner at Kembhavi Architecture Foundation; Ashish Kapoor, Sales Director of Schüco; Balaji Chandran, Head of Application Engineering, FunderMax India; Eshan Hemrajani, Director of Glass Wall Systems and Tilak Thomas, Principal of Thomas Associates. The third session kicked off with a high-energy after a lunch break. The session saw a presentation on “Sustainable Solutions for smart cities” by Sourabh Kankar, Regional Manager, Gujarat Guardian. The next presenter was Micha Pawelka, Managing Director of Priedemann, who enlightened the audience with a motivating topic “Façade Consultation – Be serious please!” Further, Jonathan Cohen, Global Business Director of Glass Laminating Solutions, Kuraray, highlighted on the importance of “Different laminated glass for different façade needs”. This was followed by an interesting speech by Girish Dharachar, Managing

Micha Pawelka, Managing Director of Priedemann

Jonathan Cohen, Global Business Director of Glass Laminating Solutions, Kuraray

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Director, Umicore India, on “Customised façades using Titanium Zinc”. Eshan Hemrajani, Director of Glass Wall Systems, deliberated on “Factory produced façade elements - Concept to realty” which was a constructive discourse. The last presenter to close the long intense session was Syed Azhar, Area Sales Manager of South, Kinlong Hardware India, who explained on “Architectural hardware: Striving for innovation & standardization”. Session 4, the last session of this purposeful conference, started with a thought provoking presentation on “An introduction to one of the largest off site manufacturers in India” by Paul Blackmore, CEO, KEF Infra and Sasi Itham, Head - Sales & Business Development, KEF Infra. They also analysed a case study of executed projects which implemented offsite technology. Presenting next was Anuj Gupta, Director of Rapid Coat, who elucidated on “Why powder coatings fail and how to specify the

Girish Dharachar, Managing Director, Umicore India

Eshan Hemrajani, Director of Glass Wall Systems

Unique display of façade and fenestration products at the event

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German Technology Doors & Windows in association with



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Syed Azhar, Area Sales Manager of South, Kinlong Hardware India

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appropriate coating for façades”. This intellectually fuelled conference concluded with a panel discussion on “Façade safety & quality considerations” and also debated on key aspects of facade performance objectives for high end residential and mixed-use developments, importance of façade maintenance for a sustained quality, etc. The panel was moderated by Tariq Kachwala, Director of FG Glass, and panellists comprised Ashutosh Jha, Technical Director of Gensler; Dinesh Verma, Principal Architect of Ace Group; Jayant Vaitha, Director of Synergy Property Development; Sadanand Byakod, COO, G Corp; Tarun Khemlani, Director, Clean India; and Pankaj Keswani, Managing Director, Alufit. The conference was complemented by display of products by many brands including Rapid Coat, Kin

Sasi Itham, Head - Sales & Business Development, KEF Infra

Anuj Gupta, Director of Rapid Coat

Long, VMZinc, Siderise, Serge Ferrari, Dow-Corning, Fundermax, Glass Wall Systems, Kef Infra, and Kuraray, which attracted the delegates. They displayed their newly launched products and demonstrated the latest in technologies. All in all, the conference received an overwhelming response with over 350 delegates, including architects, façade consultants, builders, contractors, businessmen and others from the façade & fenestration fraternity. This premier conference, Zak World of Façades, is held across various countries, including South Asia (India & Sri Lanka), South East Asia (Singapore & Indonesia), Greater China (Hong Kong), Middle East (United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait), Africa (Kenya) and the United Kingdom.

The second panel discussion on “Façade safety & quality considerations”, moderated by Tariq Kachwala, Director of FG Glass

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BUZZ PROFINE INDIA INAUGURATES A NEW FACILITY IN GUJARAT Profine India, manufacturer of uPVC window and door under its brand Koemmerling, has inaugurated a new state-ofthe-art facility at Vadodara in Gujarat. Spread across an area of 20,000 sq m, the facility is an initiative towards the ‘Make in India’ campaign and to further strengthen profine’s production in India. The gradual expansion of the company in India has already secured an investment of approximately Rs.100 crores till now. Eying a turnover of around Rs.350 crores by 2022, Profine India is geared up to invest another 100 crores in phases to boost its infrastructure, increasing its production capacity to 15000 MT.

leader our aim has always been to produce the best quality products under international guidelines with best technology, machines and tools from Germany which is the reason behind our success story in India.” The new facility has a bigger production and ancillary area with advanced machines from Battenfeld, Germany and tools from Greiner, Austria to ensure the quality production of uPVC profiles. The facility also houses a showroom that showcases door and window systems, a Profine

Akademy - a technical training centre that provides skillful training to the workforce under international guidelines and standards and a large warehouse for storage of profiles. Dr. Peter Mrosik, Owner & CEO of profine GmbH said, “We have been in the country for twelve years and have been writing a success story together with our Indian customers right from the start. With the new plant, we are taking another step and underline our long-term commitment to the growth market of India.”

Speaking on the occasion, Farid Khan, Director & CEO of profine India said,” We feel proud to have new bigger and ultramodern extrusion facility to cater the growing demand of uPVC windows and doors market in India. As one of the market

ARALCO RANGE SELLING UNDER ‘RENSON’ BRAND NAME added a new strength to help fulfil the company’s ambition to serve more customers better and with a broader range.

Renson, one of the leading players in ventilation, sun protection and terrace covers, has announced that the entire Aralco range will be available under the Renson brand in the market from January 1, 2018. As an international trendsetter in the ventilation sector, Renson has

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The ventilation sector is seeing increasingly stricter future legislation, which is leading the construction sector towards increasing energy efficiency combined with improved air quality and acoustics levels. Consumers are more than ever aware of the importance of good

indoor air quality in their home, office, school or hospital. This rising demand in the market has led the two companies to join hands in forming a single strong network of dealers, presenting itself under one brand ‘Renson’. The company stated that it allows to focus more on comprehensive concepts for healthy and comfortable indoor climates under the slogan ‘Creating Healthy Spaces’.

FOR THE FIRST TIME EVER... the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s largest green building conference and expo is coming to India. Learn about LEED and new green building strategies from top building industry groundbreakers, discover the latest products from leading companies, grow your network, and tour Mumbaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s greenest buildings. Register today!

INDIA’S FIRST 3D FINISH ACP GETS A MAGNUM VERSION Aludecor’s Cortina Series, the first 3D finish ACP series in India, now has a wider range. After a thorough market research, the company has recently introduced Cortina Magnum which has much wider stripes and is tailor made for exterior use.

Cortina is perfect to liven up both interiors and exteriors. While its usage in the exteriors changes the overall get-up of the building, lending a contemporary look to it, Cortina in the interiors adds a new dimension to the living

spaces. Creative arrangement of highlight, midtones and shadow adds a new dimension of depth to the design, creating a brilliant 3D effect. Cortina can also be made fire retardant.

Industry requirement for a cladding material with a path breaking design was long due. Hence, when Aludecor introduced Cortina in 2016, the industry was quick to lap it up. Industry experts have always held Cortina in very high regard ever since the day it was launched and felt it had a huge scope.

GREENPLY INDUSTRIES TIES UP WITH ARISTECH SURFACES Greenply Industries has tied up with US-based Aristech Surfaces LLC for the marketing of acrylic solid surface sheets in the country. According to the agreement, Aristech Surfaces’ manufactured products will be sourced by the Indian company and sold in India. The country head of Greenply Industries, Subir Palit, said, “Greenply has entered into a trading arrangement with Aristech of US for marketing of niche range of 100% acrylic solid surface sheets in India.” He added that this will continue till the business of products don’t acquire a critical mass in the Indian market. Paul Jones, MD, Aristech Surfaces LLC said, “The rate of urbanisation, growing populace of affluent middle class and growing segment of working young professionals with higher dispensable income are all positive indicators of growth which can be attained

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by a versatile and premium product like acrylic solid surface in India. Furthermore, with robust industrial and infrastructure growth which is anticipated as an after effect of robust economic policies, the demand for surfacing products such acrylic solid surface is bound to grown manifolds in the times to come.” The product can be used for interior decoration in spaces like airports, restaurants, hospitals, buildings, kitchen and bathrooms and would

be marketed in the country under the joint branding of ‘Greenterior Acrylic Solid Surface – By Avonite Surfaces, USA’. Both the partners are also planning on creating a network for fabrication partners across the country. The partners want to equip themselves with the best-in-the-class machinery and technology along with adequate technical training and skilling of work force so as to be able to stand up alongside their international counterparts in the fabrication industry.

BERGER PAINTS AND NBCC INTRODUCE ETICS TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA In collaboration with NBCC India Ltd, Berger Paints India has brought the External Thermal Insulation and Composite Systems (ETICS) technology and its benefits in the Indian context for the construction industry. Berger Paints is a 100% subsidiary Bolix S.A., Poland. Earlier this year NBCC India Ltd, a state owned construction firm and Bolix, S.A. had signed a Memorandum of Business Exploration. ETICS is a European technology of Wall Insulation System, which is used to insulate existing as well as new construction projects and facades by providing thermal comfort and durability. It is a proven solution for improving energy performance of temperature controlled buildings.

The two companies will jointly implement the ETICS technology at marquee sites on a test basis and then develop a business plan for rolling out this technology on a commercial space across India.

Berger showcased the benefits of the ETICS technology and its applicability to the Indian conditions. It highlighted how European countries like Germany and Poland and explained how the technology is being used in over 15 countries in Europe leading to great benefits in reduction of energy consumption and also lower greenhouse gases and environmental pollution.

Speaking on this occasion, Kuldip Singh Dhingra, Chairman of Berger Paints said, “This is the stepping stone towards technological development in the paint, allied and real estate sector. We are looking forward to experience the long term benefits of this joint initiative. ETICS technology is a robust and long-lasting energy performance solution, which is highly cost effective, safe for inhabitants living in insulated houses and hugely beneficial for the environment.”

DISCUSSING DESIGNS FOR DIVERSIFIED INDIA 5th Edition of Economic Times Architectural and Design Summit The 5th edition of Architectural & Design Summit was recently held at The Sheraton Hotel in Delhi. Copowered by Nerolac, the theme of the event was “Designing for Diversified India”. The evening brought together many aspiring and leading architects, engineers, developers, interior designers and other industry related experts from across the country. The event started with a presentation by Manit Rastogi, Founder Partner of Morphogenesis, who spoke on glocal views on design personalisation. It was followed by spotlight sessions with focus on products, materials and designs, deliberated by Sanjay Joshi, Senior Vice President & Business Head, Everest Industries and Niraj Borikar, Head Marketing

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at Fundermax. The highlight of the event was the panel discussion which saw an audience participation enthusiastically. The discussion was on the topic “Chaos Theory: Designing for Diversified India”, moderated by Srinivas Murthy G, Chief Executive and Architect at SMG Design. The panelists included Dikshu C Kukreja (Architect and Urban Planner at CP Kukreja

Architects), Sapna Kumar (Director of Chapman Taylor), Amit Gupta (Founding Partner at Studio Symbiosis), Kamal Meattle (Chairman of Paharpur Business Centre) and Dr. Vibhuti Sachdev (Dean at Ansal University). The evening was brought to an end in a colourful and positive note with the launch of a colour book on interior and exterior colour guides.



Wonder Alu Board’s manufacturing unit spreading over a 50,000 sq. ft

Wonder Alu Board Overseas is one of the most prominent manufacturers and suppliers of aluminium composite panels (ACPs) in India. What are ACPs? Aluminium composite panels consist of a thermoplastic polyethylene core, which is sandwiched between two layers of aluminium skins, resulting into a very lightweight, flat, smooth and strong rigid ACP sheets. Earlier ACP sheets’ usage was limited to external cladding only but nowadays as they define trend & elegance, they are used for false ceilings, signage, partition & much more. Vijay Mittal, Managing Director, Wonder Alu Board, shares his experience about the market and its trends, “India’s market for aluminium composite panels (ACPs) is approximately 25 million sq m per annum, valued at about Rs.2000 crore and if we consider the market volume of ACPs during last 10


years, it has been multiplied because of its durability and cost effectiveness.” Since its inception in 2008, the companyhas been at the forefront in offering dynamic, aesthetically appealing, reliable and highperforming ACPs to the largest construction conglomerates in the world. Head quartered at Pitampura, New Delhi, Wonder Alu Board boasts a manufacturing unit spreading over a 50,000 sq. ft. area in the RIICO Industrial Area, Behror of Alwar District in Rajasthan. This mammoth facility that has a manufacturing capacity of 16 million sq. ft. per annum. Some of the products in which the company takes pride are:  Wonder’s HPL (High Pressure Laminates): Newly launched Wonder’s HPL is manufactured under high pressures. Due to their durable nature, they are very effective in residential as well as commercial areas.

 Wonder’s Exterior ACP Sheets: These sheets are abrasion resistant with excellent finish & immune to any weathers like high sunlight, rains, etc. because of high class coating of paint.  Wonder’s Interior ACP Sheets: These sheets are waterproof and available in numerous colours and sizes.  Wonder’s ACP Signage: The product is widely sought-after for their uncompromising quality, durability and precise dimensional accuracy.  Wonder’s Wooden & Marble Finish ACP Sheets: These sheets are known for their high-grade quality and customization features.  Wonder’s Wooden ECO: They are termite resistant, durable as well as strong.  Aluminium Partition Panel: They are suitable for hassle free performance with approved quality. To sum up, Wonder Alu Board does not just offer products but they offer their trust. Trust that is ethical, prompt and has lifetime validity!

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Window & Facade Magazine - September/October 2017 issue  

F & F Media and Publications Window & Facade Magazine (WFM) is a technical journal published by F & F Media and Publications.

Window & Facade Magazine - September/October 2017 issue  

F & F Media and Publications Window & Facade Magazine (WFM) is a technical journal published by F & F Media and Publications.