Page 1

H

H

Periodic Table of the Elements Periodic Table of the elements

1 H HYDROGEN

HYDROGEN HYDROGEN 1

with some chemical applications with some chemical applications

LITHIUM

This special wallchart is brought to you by The Irish Times and Trinity College Dublin’s School of Chemistry, which is celebrating its 300th anniversary. This special wallchart is brought to you by The Irish Times and It marks 2011 as International Year of Chemistry and is published during Trinity College School Chemistry, which is celebrating Science Week 2011 with BANG, TheDublin’s Irish Times scienceofsupplement. LITHIUM 3 BERYLLIUM BERYLLIUM 4 4 BERYLLIUM 43 its 300th anniversary. It marks 2011 as International Year of

Be Li Be Be LITHIUM 3 Be Li This double-sided wall chart depicts elements with illustrations Chemistry and isthe published during scienceand week 2011 with BANG,

steering motor fuel X-ray steering fuel tube windows X-ray tube windows steering motor fuel X-ray tube motor windows mobile phone battery (GSM) mobile phone battery (GSM) air brakes air brakes airmobile brakesphone battery 3 (GSM) BERYLLIUM 4 aircraft aircraft parts aircraft partsLITHIUM golf clubs golf clubsparts golf clubs steering motor fuel X-ray tube windows On the reverse side are QR codes, so you can use your pharmaceuticals pharmaceuticalspharmaceuticals watch watch springs springs watch springs descriptions. mobile phone battery (GSM) air brakes to link to a video on each element at periodicvideos.com aircraft parts golfsmartphone clubs pharmaceuticals watch springsan option for you to note the name of each element. with

The Irish Times science supplement.

This double sided wall chart depicts the elements with illustrations and descriptions. On the reverse side are QR codes, so you can use your smartphone to link to a video on each element at MAGNESIUM MAGNESIUM 12 12periodicvideos.com with an option for you to note the name of MAGNESIUM 1211 SODIUM 11 SODIUM SODIUM 11 Enjoy our interactive Periodic Table of Elements flash bulbs flash bulbs street lightingflash bulbs street lighting street lighting alloy rims, aircraft, racing alloy rims, aircraft, racing each element rims, aircraft, racing detergents, removal detergents, grease removal detergents, grease removal grease alloy SODIUM 11 firebricksMAGNESIUM bikes, bikes, firebricks 12

Na Mg Mg Na Na Mg Mg Na

firebricks cooking glass cooking salt, soda, glass cooking salt, soda, glass salt, soda, bikes, flashagents bulbs lighting pigments, bulking agents pigments, agents bulking airbags, bakingstreet powder airbags,bulking bakingpigments, powder airbags, baking powder alloy rims, aircraft, racing detergents, grease removal bikes, firebricks cooking salt, soda, glass pigments, bulking agents airbags, baking powder

Appearance in nature IRON HYDROGEN

26

mainly in the form of its compounds

1 gas

MERCURY

80 liquid

SODIUM

11 solid (this element 43 solid (this element does

not occur in nature and is prepared artificially)

B

B

BORON

BORON5

Ne NEON 109 FLUORINE 9 9 8 NEON CARBON6 5 NITROGEN 6 NITROGEN 7 7 6 OXYGEN OXYGEN8 7 FLUORINE 8 NeNEON10 C CARBON F FLUORINE N NITROGEN O OXYGEN

CB C

BORON 5 B CARBON

NC N

ON O

FO F

Ne F Ne

10

advertising signs advertising signsadvertising signs rocket fuels rocket fuels disinfectant disinfectant purification and purification air of cryosurgery, waterfood and air freezing rocket fuels disinfectant purification of water and air of watercryosurgery, cryosurgery, food freezing food processes freezing combustion combustion processes combustion processes fog-lamps, TV tubes fog-lamps, TV tubes TV additive tubes toothpaste additivefog-lamps, toothpaste car tyres, steel, diamonds car tyres, steel,ammonia diamondsmanufacture tennis racquets tennis racquets cartennis toothpaste additive tyres,racquets steel, diamonds ammonia manufacture ammonia manufacture steel-making steel-making steel-making NEON 9 readers bar code readers 10 CARBON 6 fuels, NITROGEN 7 OXYGEN 8 glass FLUORINE baretching code readers heat-resistantBORON glasspencils. heat-resistant glass5 gas glass bar code pencils. plastics, natural pencils. gasfuels, plastics, natural gasfertilisers, heat-resistant glass etching glass etching plastics, natural rocket rocket fuels, fertilisers, rocket fertilisers, breathing breathing breathing advertising signs flash guns rocket fuels disinfectant purification of water and air cryosurgery, freezing food combustion processes electronic flash guns electronic electronic flash guns eye disinfectants non-stick petrol, diesel oil eye disinfectantseye disinfectants petrol, non-stick cookware diesel oil petrol, diesel oil explosives explosives explosives water treatment, sand cookware non-stick cookware water treatment,water sand treatment, sand fog-lamps, TV tubes tennis racquets toothpaste additive car tyres, steel, diamonds ammonia manufacture steel-making bar code readers heat-resistant glass etching glass pencils. plastics, natural gas rocket fuels, fertilisers, breathing electronic flash guns eye disinfectants non-stick cookware petrol, diesel oil explosives water treatment, sand

GOLD

79

mainly in the elemental form

SULFUR

16

both in the elemental form and as compounds

occurs naturally) TECHNETIUM

He He

Editor : Vereniging van de NederlandseChemischeIndustrie (VNCI) HELIUM 2 2 HELIUM HELIUM2 In collaborationwith : Stichting C3 balloons, airshipsballoons, airships balloons, airships Copyright : VNCI gas mixture gas mixture for deep sea gas mixture for deep sea for deep sea Text : L.Donk, drs. J. Kappe en dr. J.W. van Spronsen HELIUM 2 divers divers divers Editor : Vereniging van de NederlandseChemischeIndustrie (VNCI) Layout : THE IRISH TIMES and Volta_ontwerpers, Utrecht Basisontwerpbeschikbaargesteld door Koninklijke DSM NV MRI-scanning balloons, airships MRI-scanning refrigerant, refrigerant, refrigerant, MRI-scanning In collaborationwith : Stichting C3 gas mixture for deep sea Copyright : VNCI divers Text : L.Donk, drs. J. Kappe en dr. J.W. van Spronsen refrigerant, MRI-scanning Layout : THE IRISH TIMES and Volta_ontwerpers, Utrecht Basisontwerpbeschikbaargesteld door Koninklijke DSM NV

1

rocket fuel rocket fuel rocket fuel balloons, airshipsballoons, airships balloons, airships HYDROGEN 1 hardening of fats, hardening of fats,hardening of fats, rocket fuel fusion fusion fusion balloons, airships hardening of fats, fusion

Li Li

He He

H

Cl Ar Ar SiAl Si PSi P SP S ClS Cl Ar ARGON1817 18 15 1514 SULFUR SULFUR 16 1615 CHLORINE ALUMINIUM 13 CHLORINE 17 ALUMINIUM ALUMINIUM 13 1716 ARGON SILICON 14 PHOSPHORUS 1413 PHOSPHORUS ArARGON P PHOSPHORUS S SULFUR AlSILICON Cl CHLORINE Si SILICON

Al Al

18

fireworks, fertilisers, fireworks, fertilisers, light bulbs light bulbs fireworks, bulbs fireworks, gunpowder fireworks, gunpowder fireworks, gunpowder window chips, and door frames window and doorwindow frames and door frames computer computer cells. fertilisers, chips, solar cells. water disinfection light water disinfection computer solar cells.chips, solar water disinfection toiletquartz, cleaners, toothpastes toilet cleaners, toothpastesrubber bleaching, fluorescent toilet cleaners, toothpastes fluorescent vulcanising vulcanising rubber vulcanising rubber foils, CDs foils,sand, tubes, cables, CDs foils, tubes, cables, CDstubes, cables,tools, tools, sand, glass, quartz, tools, sand, glass, bleaching, bleaching, acid tubes hydrochloric acidtubes fluorescent tubes glass, quartz, hydrochloric acidhydrochloric ARGON 18 15 sulfuric SULFUR 16acid(PVC)CHLORINE ALUMINIUM 13 concrete 17 counters, SILICON food14 acidulant,PHOSPHORUS anti-oxidant food acidulant, anti-oxidant lasers Geiger counters, lasers food acidulant, anti-oxidant Geiger counters, lasers fertilisers, acid fertilisers, fertilisers, sulfuric acid fireworks, drink cans fireworks, drinkcement, cans fireworks, drink cans cement, concrete plastics plastics (PVC) Geiger cement, concrete plastics (PVC)sulfuric fireworks, fertilisers, light fireworks, gunpowder window and door frames computer chips, solaremulsifier cells. waterinert disinfection emulsifier inert gas shield for bulbs welding inert gas shield for welding emulsifier gas shield for welding preserving foodchemical cleaners preserving food preserving food cars, trains, aircraft cars, trains, aircraft cars, trains, aircraft silicones silicones chemical cleaners silicones chemical cleaners toilet cleaners, toothpastes fluorescent tubes vulcanising rubber foils, tubes, cables, CDs tools, sand, glass, quartz, bleaching, hydrochloric acid food acidulant, anti-oxidant Geiger counters, lasers fertilisers, sulfuric acid fireworks, drink cans cement, concrete plastics (PVC) emulsifier inert gas shield for welding preserving food cars, trains, aircraft silicones chemical cleaners

Enjoy our interactive Periodic Table of Elements

Mn Fe Co As Se Br Ni Cu Zn Cu Zn ZnGa Ga Ge Se Br Kr Br Kr Kr Ca Sc TiSc Ti VTi V Cr V Cr CrMn Mn Fe Ga Ge As Ca Co Ni Cu K Ca Sc Ge As Se Fe Co Ni MANGANESE 25 33 IRON 2625 COBALT NICKEL28 28 COPPER 29 ZINC 3029 ZINC 3332 SELENIUM SELENIUM 34 BROMINE 35 CALCIUM 20 VANADIUM 23 GALLIUM 31 IRON 2928 ZINC 3433 BROMINE 3534 KRYPTON SCANDIUM 21 2019 SCANDIUM 2322 CHROMIUM CHROMIUM 24MANGANESEMANGANESE 24 25 COBALT 27 27 COPPER KRYPTON 36 30 31 2120 TITANIUM 2423 3635 POTASSIUM 19 TITANIUM 22 GERMANIUM 32 ARSENIC POTASSIUM POTASSIUM 19 2221 VANADIUM 3231 ARSENIC Mn AsARSENIC NiNICKEL CuCOPPER SeSELENIUM BrBROMINE CaCALCIUM V VANADIUM GaGERMANIUM ScSCANDIUM CrCHROMIUM KrKRYPTON Zn 30GALLIUM GALLIUM KCALCIUM Ti TITANIUM GeGERMANIUM FeIRON26 COBALT27 26CoNICKEL K

K

36

wire, cables, printsplating wire, other cables,metals prints cables, prints steel, steel, railway tracks laser printers light meters machines, magnetssource machines, magnets tracks coins, coins, catalysts printers hair care products glow hairtubes, carefluorescent products production of metals production construction construction materials magnets quartzoptics thermometer light meters coins, catalysts hairlight caremeters products leak detectors heat leak detectorsheat production construction materials decoration, of steel, railway protection of railway tracksmachines, source source of gamma rays,catalysts wire, glow tubes, tubes tubes, fluorescent tubes leak detectorsof metals plating other metals platingquartz other thermometer metals quartz thermometerinfrared decoration, protection of protectiondecoration, of gamma rays, of gamma rays, tubesfluorescentglow fertilisers fertilisersof metals exchangers, spectacles heat exchangers, spectaclesmaterials infrared optics laser infrared opticslaser printers fertilisers exchangers, spectacles bronze: bronze: gutters pictures, medalsgutters batteries, pictures, medals pictures, medals tools, axles, safes, plough tools, axles, safes, plough mirrors mirrors bicycles, bridges, cars, bicycles, cars, photocopiers plough milk tanks, cutlery bronze: milk tanks, cutlery tear gases tear gases flashlights insulation, batteries cable insulation, batteriesmaterialshigh tools, springs tools,steel: springs bicycles, bridges, cars, light-emitting diodes light-emitting (LED) reflectors diodes (LED) photocopiers tanks, cutlery tearphotocopiers gases aerospace aerospace materials cable insulation, batteries tools, light-emitting (LED) metal, steel: tools, knives metal,tools, steel:axles, tools,safes, knives safety razor blades,milk safety razor blades, searchlights, flashlights searchlights, flashlights aerospace materials batteries, gutters diodes metal, tools, knives safety razorbridges, blades, searchlights, batteries, glass, lenses cable high highsprings speed train (TGV) projector reflectorsmirrors projector reflectors glass, lenses glass, lenses speed train (TGV)speed train (TGV) projector MANGANESE 25 33 opticsSELENIUM IRONpermanent 26 magnets, NICKEL 28 tubes, COPPER 34 retardants BROMINE 35leak testingKRYPTON 20germination 23 GALLIUM 31 diode SCANDIUM 21 pins, prostheses CHROMIUM 24tanning COBALT 27 gold, crucibles POTASSIUM 19 roadCALCIUM TITANIUM GERMANIUM 32lasers ARSENIC coins, valvescarcoins, coins, tubes, blades, batteries, fertilisers blades, fertilisers glass, glass, lasers food cans ships, food cans infrared opticsflame blades, batteries, fertilisers white white gold,valves crucibles glass, lasers diode fertilisers, saltseed fertilisers, roadseed salt jet22 engines VANADIUM jet engines radio-diagnostics, ships, foodbatteries, cans ships, TV and PC screens, TV and PCdiode screens, infrared optics infrared white gold, crucibles flame retardants seed germination fertilisers, salt jetfracture enginespins, prostheses TV and PC30 screens, gas leak testing 36 tanning radio-diagnostics, permanent permanent magnets, germination car29 parts ZINC car parts radio-diagnostics, tanning magnets, gasflame leak retardants testing gas partstubes, valves matches, gunpowder matches,road gunpowder fracture transistors, transistors, matches, gunpowder fracture pins, prostheses transistors, wire, cables, steel,tools, railway trackspigments laser printers magnets coins,pipes, catalysts meters hair care productsstandard metals construction materials thermometer leak detectors decoration, protection ofpigments sourcehydrogen of gamma rays,hydrogen storage glow tubes, fluorescent tubes plating other metals heat exchangers, optics pipes, propellers pipes,prints propellers propellers glass, black pigments glass, black pharmaceuticals tools, nails machines, tools, nails anti-dandruff light shampoos anti-dandruff shampoos glass, black hydrogen storage pharmaceuticals photographic paper, film photographic paper, film standard lime, gypsum, production cement lime,of gypsum, cementfor TV products anti-fouling paints anti-fouling paints nails transistors quartzsolar transistors anti-dandruff shampoos storage photographic paper, film lamps lamps for TV products lime, gypsum, cement anti-fouling paints transistors camouflage lasers camouflage paints, lasers catalytic converters catalytic converters wavelength wavelength standard lamps for TV products pigments cosmetics, white pigments camouflage paints, lasers paints, catalytic converters wavelength cosmetics, whitecosmetics, pigments white oxygen masks “memory metal” “memory spectacles metal” solar cells infrared solar cells pharmaceuticals oxygen masks oxygen masksfertilisers “memory metal” cells bronze: pictures, medals tools, axles, safes, plough mirrors bicycles, bridges, cars, milk tanks, cutlery photocopiers tear gases cable insulation, batteries tools, springs light-emitting diodes (LED) aerospace materials metal, steel: tools, knives safety razor blades, searchlights, flashlights batteries, gutters glass, lenses high speed train (TGV) projector reflectors coins, tubes, valves blades, batteries, fertilisers glass, lasers ships, food cans white gold, crucibles infrared optics flame retardants fertilisers, road salt jet engines TV and PC screens, seed germination gas leak testing radio-diagnostics, tanning permanent magnets, car parts matches, gunpowder fracture pins, prostheses transistors, diode pipes, propellers glass, black pigments pharmaceuticals tools, nails hydrogen storage anti-dandruff shampoos photographic paper, film lime, gypsum, cement anti-fouling paints transistors lamps for TV products camouflage paints, lasers catalytic converters wavelength standard cosmetics, white pigments oxygen masks “memory metal” solar cells

Rb Sr YSr Y Zr Rb Rb Sr Y Zr Nb Sb Te ITe I Nb Mo MoTc Tc Ru Ag Cd CdIn In Sn Sn Sb Te I Xe Xe Ru Rh Pd In Sn Sb Zr Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Rh Pd Ag Pd Ag Cd Xe 51 TELLURIUM 5150 TELLURIUM NIOBIUM 41 SILVER4746 CADMIUM 47 CADMIUM 48INDIUM INDIUM 48 49 TININDIUM TIN50 ANTIMONY 52 IODINE5352 XENON 53 4140 MOLYBDENUM RUTHENIUM 44 4847 5251 IODINE YTTRIUM 39 4443 RHODIUM 3938 ZIRCONIUM ZIRCONIUM 40 MOLYBDENUM 42TECHNETIUMTECHNETIUM 42 43 TECHNETIUM 43 RHODIUM 45 PALLADIUM 46 4039 NIOBIUM 4241 4544 PALLADIUM 4645 SILVER RUBIDIUM 37 XENON5453 54 RUBIDIUM RUBIDIUM 37 Rb STRONTIUM 38 STRONTIUM 3837 YTTRIUM Y YTTRIUM SbANTIMONY NbNIOBIUM AgSILVER CdCADMIUM TeTELLURIUM I IODINE RuRUTHENIUM Zr ZIRCONIUM MoMOLYBDENUM TcRUTHENIUM RhRHODIUM PdPALLADIUM In 49 TIN 5049SnANTIMONY XeXENON SrSTRONTIUM

54

solder, accumulators,detonators solder, accumulators, solder, cutting tools cutting toolselements mirrors, batteries firemirrors, batteries fire sprinkler systems fire sprinkler systems solar cells mirroraccumulators, production, cans, detonators detonators of iodine tools spark plugs batteries sprinkler systems mirror cans, production, cans, tincture of iodine tincture of iodine UVtincture turbine motors nuclear turbine plugs sourcespark solarproduction, cells mirror motors nuclear fuel rods oven and grill elementsoven radiation and grill elements projector mirrors catalytic convertersmirrors, catalytic converters solar cells fuelmotors rods nuclear fuel rods cutting oven and grill projector mirrorsprojector mirrors catalytic converters photoelectric cells nuclear photoelectric UV lamps, sun lamps UV lamps, sun lamps photoelectric cells lamps, sun lamps nuclear batteries turbine nuclear batteries radiation source for spark radiation for plugs batteriescells source for bearings, bearings, pellets bearings, pellets shotgun pellets pipework coins, jewellery nuclear coins,reactor jewellery nuclear reactor controlnuclearsolder, reactor control solder, bushings solders, solders, coins, ornaments, solders,shotgun coins, ornaments, battery plate protection battery plate protection thyroid gland irradiation thyroid gland irradiation electrical contacts miniature electrical contacts jewellery control ornaments, battery plateshotgun protection thyroid gland irradiation TV colour TVcaps percussion caps pipework solder,coins, bushings colour TV weathercolour percussion capspipework rocket motors, turbinesrocketmedical motors,research turbinesmedical research electrical miniature miniature printed hydrogen circuitsseparationcoins, hydrogen separation bushings percussion rocket motors, turbines printed circuits printed circuits hydrogen separation scavenger gas tubes scavenger for radioweather tubes stations automobile lamps, UV-lasers gas scavenger forgas radio tubes for radio automobile lamps, UV-lasers lamps, UV-lasers buoys, buoys, stations medical contacts research buoys, weather stations ANTIMONY 51 NIOBIUM 41 47meters CADMIUM 48 F1 engine bearings 50retardants high-speed TELLURIUM 52 lampsIODINE 53 lampsXENONautomobile 44 39diamonds ZIRCONIUM 40 MOLYBDENUM 42 TECHNETIUM 43 wireRUTHENIUM RHODIUM 45 crownsPALLADIUM 46 cutlerySILVER INDIUM 49 organTIN RUBIDIUM 37 brain STRONTIUM 38 flame flame retardants retardants magnets superconducting magnets medals, light meters bronze, pipes, flame bronze, organ pipes, high-speed halogen halogenlamps lamps projector superconducting magnets resistance wirejewellery medals, light meterscutlerylight bronze, organbearings pipes, steels high-speed steels halogen lampssteels camera lensesYTTRIUM lenses fake resistance wire resistance F1 engine camera lensesbrain fake diamonds superconducting fire resistant materials fire resistant materials jewellery dentalcutlery crowns medals, F1 engine bearings fakecamera diamonds fire resistant materials jewellery dental crowns dental muscle research projector lamps 54 muscle research muscle research projector activity measuring activity measuring brain measuring activity solder,resistance accumulators, cuttinggreases, tools mirrors, batteries fire sprinkler systems mirrorinfrared production, cans, of iodineflash guns sparkcatalytic plugs turbine cells nuclear fuel rods oven andgreases, grill elements projector mirrors catalytic converters cells lamps, sun lampsflash guns nuclear batteries radiation source for infrared detectors infrared detectors detectors welding rods, implants weldinglubricants rods, implants photographic paper,ceramics, film photographic paper, ceramics, filmoil paints ceramics, oilcoatings paints milk glass, enamels milk glass, enamels resistance wire radiodiagnostictincture agents radiodiagnostic agents flashUVguns welding rods,linings implants spinnerets, jewellery spinnerets, jewellery photographic paper, film oil paints glass, enamels wire resistance wiredetonators radiodiagnostic agents . refractory lasers, . motors refractory bricks, lasers, linings spinnerets, jewellery glass coatingssolar milk glass coatings . refractory bricks, lasers, bricks, refractory refractory greases, lubricants lubricants catalytic converters catalytic converters watches, jewellery watches, jewellery glass refractory linings converters watches, jewellery fuel cells, hardphotoelectric glasses fuel cells, hardluminous glasses paints electronic electronic fuel cells, hard glasses electronic luminous paints luminous paints bearings, shotgun pellets pipework coins, jewellery nuclear reactor control solders, coins, ornaments, battery plate protection thyroid gland irradiation electrical contacts colour TV solder, bushings percussion caps rocket motors, turbines miniature printed circuits hydrogen separation gas scavenger for radio tubes automobile lamps, UV-lasers buoys, weather stations medical research flame retardants superconducting magnets medals, cutlery light meters bronze, organ pipes, high-speed steels halogen lamps resistance wire camera lenses F1 engine bearings fake diamonds fire resistant materials jewellery dental crowns muscle research projector lamps measuring brain activity infrared detectors welding rods, implants photographic paper, film ceramics, oil paints milk glass, enamels resistance wire radiodiagnostic agents spinnerets, jewellery . refractory bricks, lasers, glass coatings refractory linings greases, lubricants catalytic converters watches, jewellery fuel cells, hard glasses electronic flash guns luminous paints

Au Hg HgTl Tl Pb Hf Ta WTa W WRe Re Os Ir Pt Au Pb Bi Po La Hf Ta Re Os IrOs Ir Pt Pt Au Hg Tl Pb Bi Po At Rn Cs Ba La Ba La Hf Ba Bi Po At At Rn Rn GOLD7978 MERCURY HAFNIUM 72 75 OSMIUM IRIDIUM 77 LEAD8281 BISMUTH LANTHANUM 57 7257 TANTALUM 7776 PLATINUM PLATINUM 78 5756 HAFNIUM 80THALLIUM THALLIUM 80 81 THALLIUM 81 POLONIUM 84 ASTATINE 7877 GOLD CAESIUM CAESIUM 55 TUNGSTEN 74RHENIUM RHENIUM 74 75 OSMIUM TANTALUM 73 8079 8483 ASTATINE BARIUM 56 55 7473 7372 TUNGSTEN 5655 LANTHANUM BISMUTH 83 85 76 8584 RADON 7675 IRIDIUM RADON8685 86 AuGOLD79 MERCURY PbLEAD82 BISMUTH8382 BiPOLONIUM HfHAFNIUM Ir IRIDIUM LaLANTHANUM ReRHENIUM PtPLATINUM HgMERCURY TlLEAD PoPOLONIUM CsBARIUM W TUNGSTEN TaTANTALUM BaBARIUM AtASTATINE OsOSMIUM RnRADON

Cs Cs CAESIUM

86

currency currency currency nuclear submarines irradiating tumours nitric irradiating tumours lighter lightersubmarines flints nuclear submarines capacitors nuclear oven filaments nitric acid production nitric acid production lighter flints for thermometers thermometers oven filaments oven filaments acid production photoelectric cellsgasphotoelectric welding electrodes welding electrodes capacitors capacitors thermometers gas scavenger gas tubes scavenger radioflints tubes photoelectric cells welding electrodes scavenger forcells radio tubes for radio radiation shielding fuses, radiation shielding catalysts,tumours pen nibs shielding catalysts, pen nibscatalysts, pen nibs irradiating thermometer fillingsradiation thermometer fillings Radioactive, toxic, mainly prediction earthquake prediction thermometer fillings earthquake Radioactive, toxic,Radioactive, mainly fuses, fire sprinklers,nuclear shot fuses, batteries fire sprinklers, earthquake prediction fire sprinklers, shot nuclear batteries (space nuclear batteries (space toxic, mainly (spaceshot jewellery, medals street jewellery, medals medals nuclear reactor controls nuclear reactor controlstube filaments syringe needles laboratory syringe needles hydrogen storage reactor controls needles fuels makingproduction high-octane fuelsproductionsyringe laboratory cruciblesjewellery, laboratory crucibles storagehydrogen storage nuclear street lighting street lighting making high-octane fuelshigh-octaneammonia crucibles gamma ray source grease gamma ray source TV making vacuum vacuum tube filaments lighting grease additive hydrogen grease additive gamma ray source lamp filaments, TVlamp filaments, TV lamp filaments, vacuum tube filaments additive roofing, accumulators roofing, accumulators ammonia ammonia production accumulators low-melting glassesroofing, low-melting glasses artificially produced,indicator artificially produced, low-melting glasses indicator of pollution ofindicator soils of pollution of soils artificially glass, ceramics glass, ceramicsstation) of pollution of soils glass, ceramics station) produced, station) GOLD 79 HAFNIUM 72 RHENIUM 75 IRIDIUM 77 LEAD 82 LANTHANUM 57 PLATINUM 78 MERCURY 80lamps THALLIUM 81 munitions, paints POLONIUM 84 55dyed paper TUNGSTEN 74 bullets TANTALUM 73bulletsgrenades, BARIUM 56 electrodes vacuum BISMUTH 83 85 OSMIUM 76 RADONby hydrocarbons 86 electrical contacts lamps, electrical contacts electrical contacts vacuum tube scavenger vacuum tuberockets scavenger standard meters jewellery standard metersjewellery battery battery electrodes tube scavenger standard meters coating jewellery compass coatingneedles, jewellery jewellery battery lamps, energy-saving lamps lamps, infrared energy-saving jewellery atomic armaments, armaments, bulletscoatinggrenades, cutting tools, rockets cutting tools, rockets energy-saving lamps filler, electrodes dyed paper atomic clock atomic clock CAESIUM armaments, grenades, cutting tools, filler, dyedclock paperfiller, solder, solder, munitions, paints compass watches compass needles, watches munitions, paints watches needles, infrared detectors solder, infrared detectors rarely occurs inASTATINE nature occurs inby nature detectors hydrocarbons rarely occurs in nature fusible links, cosmetics fusiblesource links, cosmetics byrarely hydrocarbons fusible links, cosmetics neutron source neutron source neutron submarines irradiating tumours lighterjetflints filaments acid production cells weldingrocket electrodes capacitors gasscans scavenger for radio tubes shielding catalysts, pen nibs thermometer fillings Radioactive, toxic, mainly earthquake prediction fuses, fire sprinklers, shot nuclear batteries (space dental crowns dental fillings thermometers crowns jet engines nuclear jet engines helicopter spark plugs helicopter plugscrowns nitricdental catalytic catalytic engines converters helicopter spark plugs X-ray anodes dental crowns dental crowns currency catalytic converters dental fillings X-ray anodes dental crownssparkdental infrared lampsscans rocket motor nozzles motor nozzles X-ray anodes oven bearings spectacles, lenses spectacles, camera lenses dental fillings fireworks, X-ray fireworks, X-ray scans converters infrared lamps infrared lampsphotoelectric rocket motor nozzles spectacles, camera lenses camera fireworks, X-ray glass bearings for clocks bearings for clocks crystal glass for clocks muscle researchcrystal glass radiationcrystal muscle research muscle research jewellery, medals nuclear reactor controls syringe needles hydrogen storage making high-octane fuels laboratory crucibles street lighting gamma ray source lamp filaments, TV vacuum tube filaments grease additive roofing, accumulators ammonia production low-melting glasses artificially produced, indicator of pollution of soils glass, ceramics station) electrical contacts vacuum tube scavenger standard meters battery electrodes coating jewellery jewellery lamps, energy-saving lamps atomic clock armaments, grenades, bullets cutting tools, rockets filler, dyed paper solder, munitions, paints compass needles, watches infrared detectors rarely occurs in nature by hydrocarbons fusible links, cosmetics neutron source dental crowns jet engines helicopter spark plugs catalytic converters X-ray anodes dental crowns dental fillings infrared lamps rocket motor nozzles spectacles, camera lenses fireworks, X-ray scans crystal glass bearings for clocks muscle research

CERIUM 58 CePRAESODYMNIUM NEODYMNIUM 60 SAMARIUM 62 Eu Sm GADOLINIUM GADOLINIUM 64 Tb TERBIUM Gd 6564 CERIUM Ce CERIUM 58Ce PRAESODYMNIUM Nd59 60 NdPROMETHIUM EUROPIUM EUROPIUM 63 Eu Gd 6463 Gd TERBIUM Pr PRAESODYMNIUM 59NEODYMNIUMPrNEODYMNIUM 6362Eu GADOLINIUM Tb Pr 5958 PROMETHIUM PROMETHIUM 61 SmSAMARIUM Pm 6261Sm EUROPIUM PmNd 6160 PmSAMARIUM

DYSPROSIUM DYSPROSIUM 66 Ho HOLMIUM Dy 67 66Ho ERBIUM HOLMIUM 67Er HoERBIUM68Er67 Dy TERBIUM 65DYSPROSIUM Tb 65 66 DyHOLMIUM

ERBIUM 68 ErTm THULLIUM THULLIUM 69 TmYTTERBIUM THULLIUM 6968Tm YTTERBIUM YTTERBIUM 70 LuLUTETIUM Yb 7170 Lu LUTETIUM 71 Lu Yb 7069 YbLUTETIUM

71

RUTHERFORDIUM 104flints 104 RUTHERFORDIUM RUTHERFORDIUM 104 stainless steel hard steel stainless steel lighter flints lighter flints lighter flints aircraft metalslasers lasers X-ray screens X-ray equipment stainless X-ray equipment permanent magnetsneutron permanent magnets chrome steel chrome steel X-ray screens lighter aircraft metals aircraft metals lasers X-ray screens X-ray screens X-ray equipment magnets neutron scavenger chrome neutron scavenger steel rare dense metal, very rare lighterpermanent flints scavenger X-ray screens hard dense metal, very dense rare metal, very hard lighter flints X-ray screens nuclear batteries permanent nuclear batteries permanent magnetsnuclear permanent magnets batteries magnets DUBNIUM105 DUBNIUM 105 converters 105 DUBNIUM transistors, diodes transistors, diodes transistors, catalytic converters catalyticmagnets converters optical memoryDYSPROSIUM optical glass memory colouring glassHOLMIUM colouring glass fluorescent lamps fluorescent lamps colour TV screens colourTm TVdiodes screens neutron scavenger neutron scavenger permanent magnets permanent magnets catalytic optical memory colouring fluorescent lamps colour TV screens neutron scavenger colour TV tubes colour TV tubes permanent magnets permanent magnets permanent magnets colour TV tubes fluorescent lamps fluorescent lamps permanent fluorescent lamps measuring thicknesses measuring thicknesses colouring lenses colouring lenses measuring thicknesses colouring lenses Dy Ho ERBIUM Er THULLIUM NEODYMNIUM Nd SAMARIUM Sm GADOLINIUM Gd EUROPIUM Eu PRAESODYMNIUM Pr TERBIUM Tb PROMETHIUM Pm SEABORGIUM SEABORGIUM 106 106 SEABORGIUM 106 powders, TVsearchlights screens polishing powders, TV screens permanent magnets permanent magnets lasers lasers magnetrons magnetrons maser (a kind of laser) maser (atubes, kind of laser) video recorders, tubes video recorders,lasers X-ray tubes polishing powders,polishing TV screens lasers magnetrons maser (a kind of laser) discharge tubes, X-rayvideo screens discharge tubes, X-ray screens X-raylasers recorders, X-ray tubes searchlights searchlights discharge X-ray screens lasers permanent magnets ceramic capacitorsceramic capacitors ceramic capacitors 104 BOHRIUM107 RUTHERFORDIUM BOHRIUM 107 107 lighter flints stainless steel BOHRIUM aircraft metals lasers X-ray screens X-ray equipment permanent magnets chrome steel neutron scavenger hard dense metal, very rare lighter flints X-ray screens nuclear batteries permanent magnets 105 HASSIUM108 DUBNIUMHASSIUM 108 108 catalytic converters HASSIUM transistors, diodes optical memory colouring glass fluorescent lamps colour TV screens neutron scavenger permanent magnets colour TV tubes permanent magnets fluorescent lamps measuring thicknesses colouring lenses 106 MEITNERIUM MEITNERIUM 109 109 polishing MEITNERIUM 109 SEABORGIUM PROTOACTINIUM PaPROTOACTINIUM Pa powders, TV screens permanent magnets lasers magnetrons PROTOACTINIUM Pa maser (a kind of laser) video recorders, X-ray tubes discharge tubes, X-ray screens searchlights lasers ceramic capacitors 107 110 110 DARMSTADTIUM DARMSTADTIUM 110 BOHRIUMDARMSTADTIUM radioactive, radioactive, in toxic, made intoxic, does radioactive, not toxic, doesinnottoxic, found radioactive, toxic, made in toxic, made radioactive, toxic,radioactive, does not toxic, does radioactive, radioactive, in toxic, found in toxic, rarely radioactive, radioactive, not toxic, does radioactive, toxic, found radioactive, toxic, does notnot toxic, does radioactive, radioactive, toxic, rarely radioactive, toxic, rarely radioactive, radioactive, not toxic, does radioactive, not toxic, does not radioactive, toxic, does notnot toxic, doesradioactive, radioactive, toxic, does notnot toxic, does nuclear batteries: nuclear batteries: nuclear batteries: radioactive, toxic, found radioactive, in toxic, found in radioactive, toxic, found in reactor core breeding material reactor core breeding material crystal research crystal research crystal research reactor core breeding material radioactive, radioactive, not toxic, radioactive, does not toxic, does radioactive, not toxic, does radioactive, toxic, does not radioactive, toxic, does not radioactive, toxic, obtained radioactive, toxic, obtained radioactive, toxic, obtained radioactive, toxic, does radioactive, not toxic, does not filament coatings filament coatings radioactive, toxic, does not filament coatings radiation source radiation source radiation source 111 111 108 ROENTGENIUM ROENTGENIUM 111 HASSIUMROENTGENIUM nuclear reactors, neutron occur inores natureuranium ores neutron reactors, neutron occur in nature occur in nature uranium uranium ores occurs in nature occur in natureoccur in nature occur in nature occurs in nature occurs in nature occur in natureoccur in nature occur in nature occur in in nature occur in nature spacerods, station space station smoke detectors space uranium oresreactor fuel uranium nuclear reactor fuel from nuclear reactor fuel smoke detectors smoke detectors nuclear occur in nature occur in natureoccur in nature occur nature occur in nature occur in nature occur in nature from uranium fuel rods, fromstation uranium fuel uranium fuel rods, occurinin nature, made in occur innuclear nature,reactors, made in nuclear nuclear nuclearores breederuranium reactorsores occur in nature, made nuclear breeder reactors MEITNERIUM 109 breeder reactors PROTOACTINIUM Pa for precursor for emitter, precursor for 112, 113, 114,DARMSTADTIUM 115, 116, 118glasses, 112, 113,gas 114,mantles 115,110 116, 118 gas mantles 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 118 nuclear reactor fuelmeasuring nuclear thickness reactormeasuring fuel nuclear fuel counterweights glass thickness of glass of glassthickness ofmeasuring counterweights counterweights used used in neutron detectors used inreactor neutron detectors in neutron detectors nuclear emitter, reactorsprecursoremitter, lens glasses, lens glasses, gas mantles nuclear reactors nuclear reactors lens

Ra Ac Ac Ra Fr Ra Ac ACTINIUM 89 RADIUM 88 8988 8887 ACTINIUM FRANCIUM 87 FRANCIUM FRANCIUM 87 AcACTINIUM RaRADIUM FrRADIUM Fr Fr

FRANCIUM

87

radioactive, toxic, does not occur in nature

RADIUM

88

radioactive, toxic, found in uranium ores

ACTINIUM

CERIUM Ce

89

THORIUM Th THORIUM 90 Th

89

radioactive, toxic, rarely occurs in nature

112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 118

THE IRISH TIMES irishtimes.com THE IRISH TIMES irishtimes.com

THORIUM 90 Th

THORIUM Th

ROENTGENIUM

111

58

filament coatings nuclear breeder reactors lens glasses, gas mantles

9190

90

60

59

62

61

64

63

65

66

67

68

69

YTTERBIUM Yb 70

LUTETIUM Lu

71

NEPTUNIUM 93 Pu Np 9493 PuAMERICIUM Np 9392 NpPLUTONIUM PLUTONIUM PLUTONIUM 94 Am Pu 9594 AmCURIUM FERMIUM 100 Fm 100 Md URANIUM 92 UNEPTUNIUM EINSTEINIUM EINSTEINIUM 99 FmFERMIUM Es 10099Fm MENDELEVIUM MENDELEVIUM MENDELEVIUM 101 No Md102 101 No LAWRENCIUM URANIUM U URANIUM EINSTEINIUM Es Cf 9998 EsFERMIUM Md 101 NOBELIUM NOBELIUM 102 LAWRENCIUM NoLr 103 102 LrLAWRENCIUM 103 Lr 103 91 91 92 U NEPTUNIUM AMERICIUM AMERICIUM 95 Cm CURIUM Am 9695 Cm BERKELIUM CURIUM 96 CmBk BERKELIUM 97CALIFORNIUM Bk CALIFORNIUM 97 CfCALIFORNIUM 98 NOBELIUM 9796 Bk BERKELIUM Cf 98

91

radioactive, toxic, found in uranium ores

URANIUM U

92

reactor core breeding material nuclear reactor fuel counterweights

NEPTUNIUM Np

93

radioactive, toxic, obtained from uranium fuel rods, used in neutron detectors

PLUTONIUM Pu nuclear batteries: space station nuclear reactor fuel

94

AMERICIUM Am

95

crystal research smoke detectors measuring thickness of glass

CURIUM Cm

radiation source

96

BERKELIUM Bk

97

Element 118 radioactive, toxic, does not occur in nature, made in nuclear reactors

CALIFORNIUM Cf 98

toxic,118made in Element 118 radioactive, Element nuclear reactors, neutron emitter, precursor for Element 118

100

EINSTEINIUM Es 99

FERMIUM Fm

radioactive, toxic, does not occur in nature

radioactive, toxic, does not occur in nature

MENDELEVIUM Md 101 radioactive, toxic, does not occur in nature

NOBELIUM No

102

radioactive, toxic, does not occur in nature

LAWRENCIUM Lr 103 radioactive, toxic, does not occur in nature

Periodic Table of the Elements  

Periodiek systeem, uitgebracht in Ierland

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