Rural East Texas Economic Opportunity Analysis

Page 1

T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

T.L.L. Temple Foundation’s

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS

JANUARY 2022

I

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This Beaumont-Port Arthur Region Economic and Labor Market Profile is part of a series commissioned by the T.L.L. Temple Foundation, which includes the following reports: 1. Rural East Texas Economic Opportunity Analysis Summary Profile, 2. Beaumont-Port Arthur Region Economic and Labor Market Profile, 3. Lufkin-Nacogdoches Region Economic and Labor Market Profile, and

The goals of this work are to strengthen the alignment of and linkages between the talent pipeline and key industry clusters in rural East Texas. Economic and labor market research was provided by Alexander Research and Consulting. Graphic design was completed by Safflor Design. All profiles are available for download from the T.L.L. Temple Foundation’s website at www.tlltemple.foundation.

4. Texarkana Region Economic and Labor Market Profile.

ABOUT THE PROJECT SPONSORS AND CONSULTING TEAM The T.L.L. Temple Foundation works alongside rural communities to build a thriving East Texas and to alleviate poverty, creating access and opportunities for all. Sylvia Leal Senior Program Officer, Education and Economic Development sylvialeal@tlltemple.foundation Jerry Kenney Program Officer, Education and Economic Opportunity jerrykenney@tlltemple.foundation Alexander Research & Consulting provides insights and support to help organizations amplify their impact. I offer a wide range services - research, analytics, program evaluation, strategic planning, and implementation support – with a specialization in community, economic, and workforce development. Caroline Alexander Principal caroline@alexanderrc.com Non-credited images used in this report were licensed from Adobe Stock. Cover image and other Boggy Slough Nature Preserve images used with permission from Jay Brittain. All other images sourced as attributed.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS

II


CONTENTS RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 About the Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The Regional Economies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 About this Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Beaumont-Port Arthur Region Economy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Beaumont-Port Arthur Region Labor Market Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Beaumont-Port Arthur Region Workforce Demand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Beaumont-Port Arthur Region Education and Training Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Lufkin-Nacogdoches Region Economy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Lufkin-Nacogdoches Region Labor Market Characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Lufkin-Nacogdoches Region Workforce Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Lufkin-Nacogdoches Region Education and Training Infrastructure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Executive Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Texarkana Region Economy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Texarkana Region Labor Market Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Texarkana Region Workforce Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127 Texarkana Region Education and Training Infrastructure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS KEY CONCEPTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151

III

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

IV


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE

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BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

INTRODUCTION The T.L.L Temple Foundation (the Foundation) has developed a targeted strategy aimed at strengthening the alignment of and linkages between the talent pipeline and key industry clusters in rural East Texas. The goal of this strategy is to advance local economic development and create more and better economic opportunities for residents in the region. A key component of the strategy is increasing the number of students in the region that attain a high-skill, highdemand credential. To this end, the Foundation wishes to better understand the region and its distinct sub-regions, their economies, their labor markets, and their educational infrastructure.

To support this work, the Foundation hired Alexander Research and Consulting to provide economic and labor market research. The economic and labor market profiles provide an in-depth, data-driven view of each of the aforementioned topic areas. This body of work can help inform the work of public officials, economic and workforce development organizations, workforce development entities, community-based organizations, and educational institutions in the region to ultimately create a workforce system that is more dynamic and responsive to the needs of regional employers and an economy that offers more pathways to economic self-sufficiency and familysustaining careers for workers in rural East Texas.

Figure 1. COUNTIES OF EAST TEXAS COUNTY NAME

OTHER

TEXARKANA

LUFKINNACOGDOCHES

BEAUMONTPORT ARTHUR

Hardin, TX Jasper, TX

POPULATION POPULATION POP. CHANGE METROPOLITAN/ (2014) (2019) (2014-2019) MICROPOLITAN AREA 55,510

57,602

WORKFORCE BOARD

4%

Beaumont-Port Arthur

Workforce Solutions Southeast Texas

35,424

35,529

0%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Jefferson, TX

252,897

251,565

-1%

Beaumont-Port Arthur

Workforce Solutions Southeast Texas

Newton, TX

14,292

13,595

-5%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Orange, TX

83,244

83,396

0%

Beaumont-Port Arthur

Workforce Solutions Southeast Texas

Tyler, TX

21,468

21,672

1%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Angelina, TX

87,567

86,715

-1%

Lufkin

Deep East Texas

Nacogdoches, TX

65,240

65,204

0%

Nacogdoches

Deep East Texas

Sabine, TX

10,428

10,542

1%

n/a

Deep East Texas

San Augustine, TX

8,481

8,237

-3%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Shelby, TX

25,607

25,274

-1%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Bowie, TX

93,268

93,245

0%

Texarkana

Workforce Solutions Northeast Texas

Cass, TX Miller, AR Anderson, TX

30,123 43,458 57,829

30,026 43,257 57,735

0% 0% 0%

n/a Texarkana Palestine

Workforce Solutions Northeast Texas Southwest Arkansas East Texas

Cherokee, TX

51,189

52,646

3%

Jacksonville

East Texas

Houston, TX

22,809

22,968

1%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Liberty, TX

78,045

88,219

13%

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

Workforce Solutions Gulf Coast

Panola, TX

23,750

23,194

-2%

n/a

East Texas

Polk, TX

45,813

51,353

12%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Rusk, TX

53,212

54,406

2%

Longview

East Texas

San Jacinto, TX

27,049

28,859

7%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Trinity, TX

14,298

14,651

2%

n/a

Deep East Texas

Source: US Census Bureau, ARC Research.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

ABOUT THE REGION The Foundation’s service area consists of 22 counties in East Texas and one Arkansas county: Anderson, Angelina, Bowie, Cass, Cherokee, Hardin, Houston, Jasper, Jefferson, Liberty, Nacogdoches, Newton, Orange, Panola, Polk, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, San Jacinto, Shelby, Trinity, Tyler, and Miller County in Arkansas.

Jacinto, Hardin, Cherokee, Trinity, Rusk, Sabine, Tyler, and Houston all gained population. The counties with the highest population growth were the counties with spillover from the Houston metro area – Liberty, Polk, and San Jacinto. Figure 2. ECONOMIC REGIONS OF EAST TEXAS

Within this area, there are three distinct economic regions. The economic regions are defined by commuting patterns of workers in the region. An analysis of where employed residents work reveals clear economic ties between counties. Each county was assigned to the region that was the principal destination for workers in that county. For example, the Beaumont-Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Hardin, Jefferson, and Orange Counties. In Jasper County, more than 26 percent of workers commute to the BeaumontPort Arthur Metro Area for work, while about 4 percent of workers commute to the Lufkin area for work. Thus, Jasper County was assigned to the Beaumont-Port Arthur economic region. In Rusk County, almost 23 percent of workers commute to Longview and more than 8 percent to Tyler. Less than 5 percent of workers commute to Lufkin and Nacogdoches combined. Thus, Rusk County was not assigned to one of the three economic regions in East Texas because it has closer ties to metro areas outside of the Foundation’s service area. In Figure 2, the map of the region delineates the three sub-regions. Figure 1 provides a list of the counties by sub-region and shows population, population change, metropolitan or micropolitan area, and workforce board service area. Of note is that the populations of each of the economic regions were stable between 2014 and 2019. However, beneath the regional totals, the individual counties experienced varied growth rates. Six of the counties had negative growth rates – these were Angelina, Jefferson, Newton, Panola, San Augustine, and Shelby. This population loss was balanced by population gains in other parts of the regions – Liberty, Polk, San 3

Sources: Alexander Research & Consulting and T.L.L. Temple Foundation.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

THE REGIONAL ECONOMIES ECONOMIC STRUCTURE & PERFORMANCE Each economic region is profiled in detail in a separate document. In this section, comparisons between the regions highlight some of the commonalities and some of the key differences in the regional economies.

it is manufacturing; in Lufkin-Nacogdoches, it is education; and in Texarkana, it is government. Location quotients (LQs) measure the share of local industry employment relative to the nation (See Figure 4). A high location quotient can be an indicator of a potential competitive advantage or regional specialization. Location quotients above 1 indicate that the industry accounts for a larger share of regional employment than the industry does of national employment. LQs above 1.25 are considered to be significantly higher and are highlighted in Figure 4.

The size of the employment base in each of the regions varies widely with Beaumont-Port Arthur the largest and Texarkana the smallest (See Figure 3). In all three economies, healthcare is the largest sector, and the retail sector is one of the top three sectors. The sector that rounds out the top three sectors in each economy is distinct. In Beaumont-Port Arthur, Figure 3. EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY, 2020 BEAUMONT -POR T AR T H UR

L UF KI N-NACOGDOCH ES

T EX AR KANA

186, 229

78, 545

68, 083

T OT AL J OBS Healthcare

22,614

12%

12,237

16%

10,891

16%

Manufacturing

22,502

12%

8,342

11%

5,581

8%

Retail Trade

22,162

12%

9,177

12%

8,228

12%

Construction

21,092

11%

4,424

6%

3,620

5%

Education

17,698

10%

10,368

13%

6,746

10%

Accommodation and Food Services

15,429

8%

6,548

8%

6,626

10%

Government

13,434

7%

5,424

7%

7,558

11%

Other Services (except Public Administration)

9,851

5%

4,024

5%

3,615

5%

Administrative and Support Services

8,146

4%

3,687

5%

2,974

4%

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

7,929

4%

1,801

2%

1,478

2%

Transportation and Warehousing

6,370

3%

2,004

3%

2,940

4%

Wholesale Trade

5,832

3%

2,123

3%

2,474

4%

Finance and Insurance

4,744

3%

2,650

3%

1,808

3%

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

2,698

1%

731

1%

896

1%

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

1,170

1%

493

1%

528

1%

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting

1,089

1%

2,018

3%

759

1%

Information

982

1%

563

1%

314

0%

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil & Gas Extraction

910

0%

1,028

1%

301

0%

Management of Companies and Enterprises

828

0%

480

1%

427

1%

Utilities

747

0%

420

1%

317

0%

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 4. INDUSTRY LOCATION QUOTIENTS, 2020 BEAUMONT -POR T AR T H UR

L UF KI N-NACOGDOCH ES

T EX AR KANA

Construction

1. 97

0.98

0.92

Manufacturing

1. 55

1. 36

1.05

Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction

1. 32

3. 53

1.19

Retail Trade

1.22

1.20

1.24

Utilities

1.16

1. 55

1. 35

Accommodation and Food Services

1.10

1.10

1. 29

Education

1.04

1. 45

1.09

Other Services (except Public Administration)

1.01

0.98

1.02

Government

0.90

0.86

1. 39

Healthcare

0.89

1.14

1.17

Wholesale Trade

0.86

0.74

1.00

Transportation and Warehousing

0.86

0.64

1.08

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

0.84

0.54

0.77

Administrative and Support Services

0.72

0.78

0.72

Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services

0.63

0.34

0.32

Finance and Insurance

0.61

0.80

0.63

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting

0.48

2. 10

0.91

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

0.42

0.42

0.51

Management of Companies and Enterprises

0.30

0.42

0.43

Information

0.29

0.39

0.25

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

Image by Donald Giannatti via

5

Unsplash

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

In Beaumont-Port Arthur, construction; manufacturing; and mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction have the highest location quotients. These all relate to the region’s vibrant petrochemical cluster. In the Lufkin-Nacogdoches region, the industries that have LQs significantly above average are mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction; agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting; utilities; education; and manufacturing. Some of these relate to the region’s most distinguishable clusters – forestry and forest products; livestock production and processing; and higher education. In Texarkana, the industries with the highest LQs are government; utilities; and accommodations and food services. The high LQ in government is related to the presence of state and federal correctional facilities.

Comparing changes in employment in the region since the Great Recession shows a worrisome trend (See Figure 5). Though the state of Texas and the US experienced a historically long period of expansion after the Great Recession ended, all three East Texas economies struggled to recover to their 2008 peaks. The LufkinNacogdoches region slightly outperformed the other two regions. Pandemic-induced job losses happened across all five of the geographies. A comparison of unemployment rates in Figure 6 shows that the Beaumont-Port Arthur region has had a consistently elevated employment rate; the other two regions were more in line with rates in the state and the nation.

Figure 5. COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT GROWTH, 2008=100 Beaumont-Port Arthur

120

Lufkin-Nacogdoches

Texarkana

Texas

US

115

110

105

100

95

90 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 6. COMPARATIVE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES, 2008-2020 Beaumont-Port Arthur

15.0

Lufkin-Nacogdoches

Texarkana

Texas

US

10.0

5.0

0.0 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

7

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

OCCUPATIONAL STRUCTURE & DEMAND Figure 7 shows employment by occupational family. In all three economies, office and administrative support and sales and related are the largest occupational families. These two occupational families were among the top losers of jobs both prior to and during the Pandemic.

As shown in Figure 8, there are a number of common high-demand occupations across the three regions. The transportation and material moving family of occupations is one of the highest in-demand. This includes heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers; laborers and freight, stock, and material movers; stockers and order fillers; and light truck drivers. One of the next largest is construction and extraction, including construction laborers, carpenters, and electricians. A third high-demand occupational family is healthcare practitioners, in particular registered nurses and LVNs.

In Beaumont-Port Arthur, construction and extraction is the third largest occupational family. In Lufkin-Nacogdoches and in Texarkana, transportation and material moving is the third largest. Figure 7. EMPLOYMENT BY OCCUPATION, 2020 BEAUMONT -POR T AR T H UR

L UF KI N-NACOGDOCH ES

T EX AR KANA

186, 229

78, 545

68, 083

T OT AL J OBS Office & Administrative Support

20,769

11%

10,515

13%

7,696

11%

Sales & Related

18,051

10%

7,241

9%

6,800

10%

Construction & Extraction

16,119

9%

3,378

4%

3,078

5%

Food Preparation & Serving Related

15,384

8%

6,614

8%

6,473

10%

Production

14,923

8%

6,174

8%

4,703

7%

Transportation & Material Moving

14,872

8%

6,780

9%

6,609

10%

Educational Instruction & Library

11,020

6%

5,647

7%

4,653

7%

Installation, Maintenance, & Repair

9,495

5%

3,373

4%

3,550

5%

Management

9,450

5%

4,052

5%

3,026

4%

Healthcare Practitioners & Technical

9,243

5%

4,672

6%

4,747

7%

Healthcare Support

8,466

5%

5,088

6%

3,728

5%

Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance

6,812

4%

3,096

4%

2,821

4%

Business & Financial Operations

6,027

3%

2,239

3%

2,404

4%

Protective Service

5,321

3%

1,957

2%

1,838

3%

Architecture & Engineering

4,582

2%

645

1%

559

1%

Personal Care & Service

4,431

2%

1,853

2%

1,451

2%

Community & Social Service

2,775

1%

1,282

2%

1,324

2%

Life, Physical, & Social Science

2,143

1%

459

1%

351

1%

Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media

1,949

1%

754

1%

622

1%

Computer & Mathematical

1,855

1%

643

1%

543

1%

Legal

1,123

1%

303

0%

369

1%

934

1%

1,635

2%

540

1%

Farming, Fishing, & Forestry

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 8. HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS BY 2021-2026 OPENINGS

SOC

Descr ip tion

BEAUMONT -

L UF KI N-

POR T AR T H UR

NACOGDOCH ES

T EX AR KANA

Med ian

Med ian

Med ian

H ou r ly

H ou r ly

H ou r ly

Op en in g s Ear n in g s

Op en in g s Ear n in g s

T otal

Op en in g s Ear n in g s Op en in g s

53-3032 Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

1,526

$20.44

959

$19.65

864

$23.29

3,348

47-2061 Construction Laborers

1,497

$16.29

391

$13.83

296

$13.64

2,183

11-1021 General & Operations Managers

1,204

$38.68

594

$35.41

384

$36.16

2,182

43-6014 Secretaries & Admin. Assists., Except Legal, Medical, & Executive

1,111

$15.92

570

$14.77

345

$14.32

2,026

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

953

$18.58

510

$16.29

450

$18.08

1,913

35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers

973

$14.24

425

$16.60

491

$15.73

1,889

1,002

$14.34

666

$14.98

1,668

29-1141 Registered Nurses

710

$33.03

405

$32.93

476

$31.66

1,591

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

829

$18.37

431

$16.43

304

$15.04

1,564

49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

838

$18.24

390

$14.97

289

$15.81

1,516

1,457

$13.77

1,457

25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

672

$26.09

348

$23.79

310

$22.16

1,330

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers

767

$14.49

232

$11.69

308

$13.34

1,307

43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers

669

$25.14

374

$22.64

250

$23.62

1,292

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

595

$22.11

336

$18.90

335

$19.52

1,267

47-2031 Carpenters

802

$23.00

201

$15.63

218

$16.14

1,221

29-2061 Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

562

$20.24

290

$21.46

300

$18.62

1,152

41-4012 Sales Reps., Wholesale & Mfg., Except Tech. & Scientific Prods.

779

$26.26

233

$23.29

1,013

51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

679

$25.78

301

$19.28

979

47-2111 Electricians

760

$27.31

192

$20.50

952

53-7062 Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

53-7065 Stockers & Order Fillers

Figure 9. TOP INDUSTRIES WHERE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES EMPLOYED BEAUMONT -POR T AR T H UR

L UF KI N-NACOGDOCH ES

T EX AR KANA

Retail Trade

32%

27%

36%

Accommodations and Food Services

28%

30%

32%

Construction

9%

7%

16%

Health Care and Social Assistance

8%

8%

13%

Administrative and Support Services

8%

10%

4%

Manufacturing

7%

9%

8%

Educational Services

3%

6%

3%

Sources: (Figure 8) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. (Figure 9) TPEIR a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Notes: (Figure 8) Includes only jobs with average wages greater than $15 per hour and that are high-demand in more than one region. (Figure 9) Includes all employed high school graduates, both those who are working only and those who are working and enrolled in a Texas public university or college. Percentages represent the average percent of each school district’s total. Only for school districts with five or more employed graduates.

9

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

ALIGNMENT OF TALENT PIPELINES Figure 9 shows the top industries where recent high school graduates are employed. Although transportation, construction, and healthcare are the three industries with the highest in-demand jobs that pay more than $15 an hour, almost twothirds of high school graduates who go directly into the workforce upon graduation are employed in retail and accommodations and food services.

Beaumont-Port Arthur region is short graduates in health science. In Texarkana, the health science shortage is more acute as is the shortage of graduates in education. Note that the annual openings of transportation, distribution, & logistics includes truck drivers, which requires a commercial driver’s license. These can be acquired through a postsecondary degree program or nondegree program. Likewise, the annual openings in human services includes occupations that require licenses that can be attained through a degree or nondegree program.

For those entry-level occupations that require a degree, a comparison of the number of completions or degree awards by career cluster can be an indicator of the alignment of the talent pipeline (See Figure 10). In Beaumont-Port Arthur and Lufkin-Nacogdoches, the regions have more than enough graduates to fill the entry-level jobs that require degrees. In Texarkana, the region has a shortage of graduates to fill open positions.

Conversely, all three regions have an abundance of graduates in business, marketing, & finance; science, technology, engineering, & math; manufacturing; and law & public service. In addition, there are large numbers of graduates in education from the BeaumontPort Arthur and Lufkin-Nacogdoches areas.

However, a comparison by career cluster shows areas of misalignment. For example, the

Figure 10. OPENINGS AND COMPLETIONS BY CAREER CLUSTER BEAUMONT -POR T AR T H UR

L UF KI N-NACOGDOCH ES

T EX AR KANA

An n u al

T otal

An n u al

T otal

An n u al

T otal

Op en in g s

Comp letion s

Op en in g s

Comp letion s

Op en in g s

Comp letion s

Education & Training

867

3,368

449

1,034

368

270

Health Science

795

786

450

560

438

139

Business, Marketing, & Finance

459

455

188

548

181

231

Transportation, Distribution & Logistics

431

22

238

8

226

57

Human Services

386

432

148

275

159

67

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics

216

698

44

538

37

212

Information Technology

131

130

48

49

38

18

Manufacturing

103

589

16

78

19

91

Law & Public Service

79

310

35

101

35

61

Architecture & Construction

76

29

21

15

14

89

Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications

70

148

30

349

28

15

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources

53

5

11

140

12

0

Hospitality & Tourism

0

23

0

38

0

40

3, 666

6, 995

1, 678

3, 733

1, 554

1, 290

Car eer Clu ster

T OT AL

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed and National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Note: Annual openings include only entry-level occupations that require a degree program. Completions includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS SUMMARY PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

ABOUT THIS WORK The Foundation’s service area has three subregions or economic areas that are anchored by distinct job centers that correspond with their largest urbanized areas. These economic areas each have different specializations – petrochemical in Beaumont-Port Arthur; forest and forest products, livestock and livestock processing, and higher education in Lufkin-Nacogdoches; and, to some degree, corrections in Texarkana. Yet, healthcare and retail play prominent roles in each of the areas, supporting the regions’ stable populations. The economic data reveals some regional challenges that are consistent with those that many rural and small metro areas face – a reliance on lower-wage industries and jobs, making the employment and retention of the region’s skilled talent difficult. At the same time, high school graduates in the region do not seem to be pursuing employment in the industries that offer higher wage jobs and college students are choosing fields of study that do not necessarily align with the career clusters that are most in-demand in the regions. Addressing these challenges requires a concerted, collaborative, and long-term effort to cultivate more and better economic opportunities for residents in the region and to align the talent pipelines around these opportunities. The detailed economic and labor market profiles can inform the Foundation’s work doing just these things – supporting enhanced economic opportunity and better alignment of the talent pipelines – as it defines focus areas, engages stakeholders and collaborators, and strategically funds related initiatives.

Figure 11. REGIONAL ECONOMIC SPECIALIZATIONS

PETROCHEMICAL FOREST & FOREST PRODUCTS LIVESTOCK & LIVESTOCK PROCESSING HIGHER EDUCATION

CORRECTIONS

HEALTHCARE

RETAIL Source: Alexander Research & Consulting.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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14 14


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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION SUMMARY KEY FINDINGS The Situation

The regional employment base never recovered from the Great Recession, and it was hard-hit by the Pandemic—faced with the double whammy of the economic shutdown and the impact of sluggish demand for oil. Though the manufacturing and construction sectors grew in the years leading up to the Pandemic, the healthcare and retail sectors contracted, which was unusual in a region that was adding population. All four of these primary sectors contracted during the Pandemic and are expected to lose additional jobs over the next five years, except healthcare, which is expected to experience modest gains. This past performance and the future prospects of the primary industries are causes for concern. Persistently high unemployment, even during a historically long period of expansion in other parts Texas and the US, increases the risk of unemployed workers dropping out of the labor force completely or seeking employment in areas of higher economic opportunity.

Economic Drivers The Beaumont-Port Arthur region has a welldefined cluster of activities related to the petrochemical industry and maritime ports. This specialization can be seen in the regional industry and occupational strengths as well as workforce demand. The region’s other economic drivers include healthcare and nonresidential construction.

Workforce Demand Middle-skill jobs—those that require at least a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree— hold the largest share of the employment base, accounting for 42 percent of all jobs in 2020. However, the number of high-skill jobs has been growing is creating opportunity for more workers with higher

levels of educational attainment. Middle-wage jobs— those that pay, on average, between $15 and $45 per hour—accounted for 65 percent of all jobs in 2020. The share of middle-wage jobs has been declining and is expected to continue as low-wage and high-wage jobs gain ground. A wide range of middle and highskill jobs that pay more than $15 an hour is expected to be high in-demand over the next five years. These include various occupations in business and operations; education and training; healthcare; computer and mathematical; and skilled trades and production. Most of the high-skill occupations face below average automation risk; middle-skill occupations are more likely to face higher than average automation risk.

Educational Infrastructure and Alignment The region has more than 30 school districts and 3 public higher education institutions. Of the nearly 5,000 high school graduates from regional school districts that can be tracked, 70 percent are employed in Texas in the fall semester after graduation. Almost two-thirds of these recent graduates are employed in retail or accommodations and food services. The top destinations for the 60 percent of regional high school graduates that enroll in higher education are Lamar University, Lamar Institute of Technology, and Lamar State College. In other words, many high school graduates stay local and either work, go to college, or both. Lamar University is the largest source of degrees in the region, but Lamar Institute of Technology and Lamar State College are also important sources of talent. Together, these public institutions graduate more than enough students to fill entry-level openings requiring postsecondary degrees. The degrees’ fields of study align fairly well with the career clusters of the occupations that require them. It should be noted that only about one-third of the students at Lamar University are from the region and may be less likely to seek employment in the region upon graduation.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

COUNTIES

EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY Healthcare

22,614

Manufacturing

22,502

Retail Trade

22,162

Construction

21,092

Education

17,698

Accommodation & Food Services

15,429

Government

13,434

Other Services (except Public Administration)

9,851

Administrative & Support Services

8,146

Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services

7,929

Transportation & Warehousing

6,370

Wholesale Trade

5,832

Finance & Insurance

4,744

Real Estate & Rental & Leasing

KEY STATISTICS

Population Change (2014-2019)

Jobs (2020)

101,035

Openings (2021-2026)

1,170

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting

1,089

Information

982

Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction

910

Management of Companies & Enterprises

828

Utilities

747

OCCUPATION

Population (2019)

186,229

Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation

TOP HIGH-DEMAND, HIGH-WAGE JOBS*

463,359 +0.1%

2,698

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

1.

Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

1,526

2.

General & Operations Managers

1,204

3.

First-Line Supervisors of Food Prep. & Serving Workers

973

4.

First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

953

5.

Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

838

6.

First-Line Supvrs. of Construction Trades & Extraction Workers

832

7.

Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

829

8.

Carpenters

802

9.

Sales Reps., Wholesale & Mfg., Except Technical & Scientific Products

779

10.

Plumbers, Pipefitters, & Steamfitters

776

11.

Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, & Gaugers

769

12.

Electricians

760

13.

Registered Nurses

710

14.

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

679

15.

Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

672

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Page 16 header image by Jay Brittain. * Includes only occupations that pay more than $15.00 an hour and require some kind of postsecondary education.

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BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMY

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS Beaumont-Port Arthur region had an • The employment base of 186,000 in 2020. Since its peak in 2008, the number of jobs in the region declined by 3 percent between 2008 and 2019 and another 4 percent during the first year of the Pandemic.

contrast to the State and the US, which had • Inrecovered from the Great Recession by 2013, the

Beaumont-Port Arthur never did recover the jobs lost. While the US overall experienced a historically long period of expansion, the region experienced a period of employment stagnation.

largest industry sectors in the region are • The healthcare, manufacturing, and retail trade.

The largest sources of growth over the next five years are expected to be accommodation and food services; education; and professional, scientific, and technical services.

to the Pandemic, the region’s top job • Prior gainers were construction; accommodation

and food services; and manufacturing. The top job losers were other services; healthcare; and management of companies and enterprises.

the Pandemic, construction; • During accommodation and food services; and

manufacturing were the top job losers. Finance and insurance; agriculture, and

government were the only sectors that gained jobs between 2019 and 2020.

quotients (LQs) measure the share • Location of local industry employment relative to the

nation. A high location quotient can be an indicator of a potential competitive advantage. In the Beaumont-Port Arthur region, the construction, manufacturing, and oil & gas sectors have above average LQs. Looking within these sectors, the region shows distinct strengths in petrochemical manufacturing, oil & gas pipelines, and transportation and support activities related to the region’s ports.

sectors that are expected to grow the • The most and pay the best wages are professional,

scientific, and technical services; education; and healthcare. Though manufacturing is one of the largest sectors in the region and pays some of the highest wages, the sector is not expected to gain jobs between 2021 and 2026.

this region, the largest job center is • Within Beaumont with higher concentrations of jobs at the corners of the “Golden Triangle.”

largest employers include regional • The hospitals, Jefferson County, Lamar University, Texas Department of Criminal Justice, and various refineries and manufacturers.

Image by Carol M. Highsmith via

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS 193,362

193,798

190,256

195,490

196,178

193,022

192,318

193,999

194,025

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

186,229

192,037 2010

2020

193,493 2009

2008

200,774

Figure 12. TOTAL EMPLOYMENT, BEAUMONTPORT ARTHUR REGION, 2008-2020

Figure 13. COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT GROWTH, 2008=100 Beaumont-Port Arthur Texas US

120

119 116 109

110

104

100

97

90

93

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

80 Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

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Figure 14. EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION Healthcare Manufacturing Retail Trade Construction Education Accommodation & Food Services Government Other Services (except Public Administration) Administrative & Support Services Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Transportation & Warehousing Wholesale Trade Finance & Insurance Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Information Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Management of Companies & Enterprises Utilities

2020 Jobs Change 2021-2026 -500

4,500

9,500

14,500

19,500

24,500

Figure 15. EMPLOYMENT CHANGE BY INDUSTRY, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION Construction Accommodation & Food Services Manufacturing Education Administrative & Support Services Finance & Insurance Transportation & Warehousing Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Wholesale Trade Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Utilities Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Government Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Information Retail Trade Management of Companies & Enterprises Healthcare Other Services (except Public Administration)

2016-2019 2019-2020 -3,000

-2,000

-1,000

0

1,000

2,000

3,000

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Healthcare includes public hospitals and education includes public schools and higher education institutions.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 16. INDUSTRY LOCATION QUOTIENTS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2020 Construction Manufacturing Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Retail Trade Utilities Accommodation & Food Services Education Other Services (except Public Administration) Government Healthcare Wholesale Trade Transportation & Warehousing Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Administrative & Support Services Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Finance & Insurance Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Management of Companies & Enterprises Information

1.97 1.55 1.32 1.22

▲ Above Average

1.16 1.10 1.04 1.01 0.90 0.89 0.86 0.86 0.72 0.63

0.84 ▼ Below Average

0.61 0.48 0.42 0.30 0.29

Location quotients (LQs) are ratios of an area’s share of employment by industry relative to the US’s. If an LQ is equal to 1, then the industry has the same share of its area employment as it does in the nation. An LQ greater than 1 indicates an industry with a greater share of the local area employment than is the case nationwide.

Figure 17. INDUSTRY STRENGTHS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2020 TOP 15 INDUSTRY LOCATION QUOTIENTS

NAICS DESCRIPTION 3241 Petroleum & Coal Products Manufacturing

2020 LOCATION QUOTIENT 37.31

2020 JOBS 4,823

2020 PAYROLLED BUSINESS LOCATIONS 17

AVG. EARNINGS PER JOB $224,490

4882

Support Activities for Rail Transportation

30.21

1,258

19

$69,131

4861

Pipeline Transportation of Crude Oil

21.21

309

13

$122,218

3251

Basic Chemical Manufacturing

20.53

3,579

45

$177,474

3252

Resin, Synthetic Rubber, & Artificial & Synthetic Fibers & Filaments Mfg.

14.41

1,562

11

$158,006

3221

Pulp, Paper, & Paperboard Mills

10.51

1,156

3

$136,000

2371

Utility System Construction

7.80

5,187

59

$101,583

3253

Pesticide, Fertilizer, & Other Agricultural Chemical Manufacturing

6.32

272

3

$189,922

4883

Support Activities for Water Transportation

5.83

624

25

$64,642

3366

Ship & Boat Building

5.78

938

14

$75,011

4862

Pipeline Transportation of Natural Gas

5.30

188

13

$149,162

3324

Boiler, Tank, & Shipping Container Manufacturing

5.15

537

10

$83,809

5622

Waste Treatment & Disposal

4.88

574

19

$89,506

2362

Nonresidential Building Construction

4.82

4,987

99

$84,486

5323

General Rental Centers

4.64

177

17

$77,262

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Healthcare includes public hospitals and education includes public schools and higher education institutions.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 18. INDUSTRY GROWTH AND WAGES, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION TOP 10 INDUSTRIES $160,000 $140,000

Manufacturing

Average Earnings per Job

$120,000 $100,000

Construction

$80,000

Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services

Government

$60,000

Retail Trade

Healthcare

Education

$40,000 $20,000 $0 -1,000

-750

-500

Accommodation & Food Services

Administrative & Support Services

Other Services (Except Public Admin.)

-250 0 Projected Change: 2021-2026

250

500

750

1,000

Figure 19. EMPLOYMENT CENTERS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2018 JOB DENSITY BY CENSUS BLOCK

JASPER

TYLER

NEWTON

HARDIN

ORANGE

JEFFERSON

Source: (Figure 18) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. (Figure 19) US Census Bureau, LEHD OriginDestination Employment Statistics.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 20. TOP EMPLOYERS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION TEXAS ONLY NAME

CITY

SIZE

Baptist Hospitals-Southeast TX

Beaumont

1,000-4,999

CHRISTUS Southeast Tx-St

Beaumont

1,000-4,999

Jefferson County Courthouse

Beaumont

1,000-4,999

Jefferson County Sheriff Ofc

Beaumont

1,000-4,999

Lamar University

Beaumont

1,000-4,999

Mark Stiles Unit

Beaumont

1,000-4,999

Classic Chevrolet

Beaumont

500-999

Medical Center of Southeast Tx

Port Arthur

500-999

Rayburn Country Resort

Brookeland

500-999

Spindletop Center

Beaumont

500-999

Spindletop Center Daybreak

Beaumont

500-999

Spindletop Mental Health

Beaumont

500-999

Texas Criminal Justice Dept

Woodville

500-999

Total Port Arthur Refinery

Port Arthur

500-999

Valero Port Arthur Refinery

Port Arthur

500-999

Walmart Supercenter

Beaumont

500-999

Orange

500-999

Beaumont

250-499

Orange

250-499

BASF Total Petrochemicals LLC

Port Arthur

250-499

Beaumont Independent Trnsprtn

Beaumont

250-499

Bridge City School District

Bridge City

250-499

Brock Services

Beaumont

250-499

Chevron Lubricant Plant

Port Arthur

250-499

Criminal Justice Dept

Beaumont

250-499

West Orange-Cove Cons AMERICAN Valve & Hydrant Mfg Baptist Orange Hospital

Source: Texas Labor Market Information, Texas Workforce Commission.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

26 26


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS

27 27

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS Beaumont-Port Arthur region has a labor • The force of almost 194,000 individuals who are

either employed or actively looking for work. Though the number of participants plunged during the economic shutdown in the first months of the Pandemic, it had almost recovered by May 2021. Within the region, Hardin and Newton Counties were still experiencing the largest declines in labor force participants while Tyler and Jefferson Counties were closest to recovering to their pre-Pandemic levels.

the number of participants in the • Although labor force had stabilized, unemployment still

remained extremely high in May 2021 with Jasper, Jefferson, and Newton Counties facing unemployment rates above 10 percent.

back to 2008, the Beaumont-Port • Looking Arthur region’s unemployment rate was consistently above the State of Texas’ and the US’ rates, indicating a degree of labor market distress prior to the Pandemic.

of characteristics of the working • Inageterms population (age 25 to 64), the BeaumontPort Arthur area has a relatively large Black

or African American population both in comparison to the state and the US but has a much smaller Hispanic/Latino population in comparison to Texas. The age distribution of the regional working age population is similar to that of the nation, which skews older than that of the state. The region has a much larger share of workers with only a high school diploma and with some college or an associate’s degree. Only 22 percent of the population 25 to 64 in the labor force has a bachelor’s degree or higher, which is significantly lower than that of the state and the nation.

of the educational requirements • Aof comparison jobs and the educational attainment of the

population 25 to 64 in the labor force shows that more than two-thirds of the jobs in the region require a high school diploma or less. Yet, 57 percent of the workers have more than a high school diploma. This means than some workers with postsecondary education are working in jobs for which they are overqualified. The number of workers with a bachelor’s degree or higher is fairly well-aligned with the number of jobs that require such a credential.

Image by PEO ACA W via

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 21. LABOR MARKET SUMMARY, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, FEBRUARY 2020 TO MAY 2021 FEB 2020

APRIL 2020

MAY 2021

CHANGE (Feb. 2020 to May 2021)

Labor Force

195,024

187,337

193,951

-0.6%

Employment

184,373

155,127

175,071

-5.0%

Unemployment

10,651

32,210

18,880

+77.3%

5.5

17.2

9.7

+78.2%

Labor Force

25,815

24,249

25,544

-1.0%

Employment

24,695

20,658

23,413

-5.2%

Unemployment

1,120

3,591

2,131

+90.3%

4.3

14.8

8.3

+93.0%

Labor Force

12,757

12,680

12,687

-0.5%

Employment

11,918

10,647

11,391

-4.4%

Unemployment

839

2,033

1,296

+54.5%

Unemployment Rate

6.6

16.0

10.2

+54.5%

Labor Force

107,033

103,355

106,622

-0.4%

Employment

100,892

84,358

95,703

-5.1%

6,141

18,997

10,919

+77.8%

5.7

18.4

10.2

+78.9%

Labor Force

5,203

4,852

5,152

-1.0%

Employment

4,875

4,090

4,625

-5.1%

Unemployment

328

762

527

+60.7%

Unemployment Rate

6.3

15.7

10.2

+61.9%

Labor Force

36,778

35,086

36,524

-0.7%

Employment

34,974

29,212

33,177

-5.1%

Unemployment

1,804

5,874

3,347

+85.5%

4.9

16.7

9.2

+87.8%

Labor Force

7,438

7,115

7,422

-0.2%

Employment

7,019

6,162

6,762

-3.7%

Unemployment

419

953

660

+57.5%

Unemployment Rate

5.6

13.4

8.9

+58.9%

GEOGRAPHY BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR

Unemployment Rate HARDIN COUNTY

Unemployment Rate JASPER COUNTY

JEFFERSON COUNTY

Unemployment Unemployment Rate NEWTON COUNTY

ORANGE COUNTY

Unemployment Rate TYLER COUNTY

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 22. COMPARATIVE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES, 2008-2020 Beaumont-Port Arthur

14.0

Texas

US

12.0 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 0.0 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Image bySheila Scarborough via

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

Flickr

30


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 23. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY RACE POPULATION 16+ White

Beaumont-Port Arthur

Black

Asian

Other

72%

23%

2% 3%

Texas

75%

12%

5%

8%

US

74%

12%

6%

8%

Figure 24. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY ETHNICITY POPULATION 16+ White alone, not Hispanic or Latino

Beaumont-Port Arthur

Some other race, not Hispanic or Latino

Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race)

61%

Texas

26%

45%

19%

US

36%

63%

21%

Figure 25. WORKING A0GE POPULATION BY AGE POPULATION 16+ 16-24

Beaumont-Port Arthur

15%

Texas

25-34

US

36% 34%

17%

30%

32%

36%

Figure 26. WORKERS BY EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT POPULATION 25 TO 64 IN THE LABOR FORCE Less than high school graduate

Beaumont-Port Arthur Texas US

High school diploma

10%

8%

Some college or associate's degree

33%

13%

55+

31%

19%

15%

16%

35-54

17%

17%

13%

Bachelor's degree or higher

35%

23%

22%

30%

24%

34%

30%

37%

Figure 27. COMPARISON OF EDUCATION LEVEL OF WORKERS AND JOBS BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION High School or Less

Workers Jobs

Some College or Associate's Degree

43%

Bachelor's Degree or higher

35% 69%

22% 11%

20%

Sources: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year Estimates, 2019 and Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and SelfEmployed. Note: (Figure 27) Workers are defined as the working age population (age 25 to 64).

31

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

32 32


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION WORKFORCE DEMAND

33 33

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS largest occupational families in the • The Beaumont-Port Arthur region are office and

administrative support; sales and related; and construction and extraction. Over the next five years, the fastest growing occupational families are expected to be food preparation, management, and educational instruction. The occupational families that are expected to lose the largest number of jobs are office and administrative support; production; and construction and extraction.

to the Pandemic, the fastest growing • Prior occupational families were management;

food preparation; and construction and extraction. The occupational families that lost the largest number of jobs were office and administrative support; healthcare practitioners and technical; and production. During the Pandemic, the occupational families that were hardest hit were food preparation; office and administrative support; and sales and related. The occupational families that grew during the Pandemic were healthcare support; computer and mathematical; and transportation.

LQs show the share of occupational • Occupational employment relative to the nation. LQs above 1 indicate a higher share of occupational employment in comparison to the nation. In the Beaumont-Port Arthur region, the occupational LQs that are above average are construction and extraction; architecture and engineering; production; installation, maintenance, and repair; and protective service. The detailed occupations with the highest LQs reflect the region’s robust petrochemical industry and port activities.

skill level of occupations is determined by • The the education required for entry, the experience

required, and the level of on-the-job training. Low-skill jobs are those that require a high school diploma or less, no experience, and minimal on-thejob training. Middle-skill jobs require more than a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree. High-skill jobs require a bachelor’s degree or higher.

In the Beaumont-Port Arthur region, the share of middle-skill jobs is larger than that of the state and nation while the share of high-skill jobs is smaller.

2008, the number of low and middle-skill • Since jobs had decline and is expected to stay flat for the next 5 years. In contrast, the number of high-skills jobs has grown significantly and is expected to continue to grow.

high-skill occupations that are highest • The in-demand include a variety of management;

business and operations; and education and training occupations as well as registered nurses and software developers. These occupations, with the exception of substitute teachers, pay between $25 and $48 an hour. The majority of the occupations are facing a high degree of retirement exposure, with more than 25 percent of their workers aged 55 or older. However, none of these occupations faces higher than average automation risk.

middle-skill occupations that are highest • The in-demand include first-line supervisors;

skilled trades, maintenance, and production related technicians; and healthcare support occupations as well as occupations such as correctional officers, hairdressers, a few sales related occupations. All but four of the occupations pay above $15 per hour and the highest paid of these occupations earn more than $40 per hour. These occupations are less likely to face retirement exposure but more likely to face higher than average automation risk.

wage level of occupations is determined • The by the average hourly earnings. Low-wage jobs

are those that have average hourly earnings less than $15.00. Middle-wage jobs have average hourly earnings between $15.00 and $45.00. Highwage jobs have average hourly earnings more than $45.00. The Beaumont-Port Arthur region has a relatively high share of low-wage jobs in comparison to the US and a relatively low share of high-wage jobs. Almost two-thirds of jobs pay, on average, between $15 and $45 per hour.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

34


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

2008, the number of middle-wage jobs • Since declined while the number of high and low-

wage jobs has increased. Over the next five years, the number of middle-wage jobs is expected to continue to decline slightly while lowwage and high-wage jobs continue to grow.

high-wage jobs that are highest in-demand • The include engineers; managers; healthcare

practitioners; and computer occupations. With the exception of managerial jobs, few of these highwage, high demand occupations face retirement exposure and all face below average automation risk.

middle-wage jobs that are highest in• The demand include truck drivers; skilled trades and

production technicians; first-line supervisors; and nurses. With some exceptions, these occupations face less retirement exposure. However, they are likely to face above average automation risk.

35

comparison to the pre-Pandemic levels • Inof 2019, job posting activity remained low

throughout 2020. In March 2021, job posting activity increased and has remained higher than 2020 but it has not reached the same levels as seen in 2019. The companies in the BeaumontPort Arthur area with the largest number of unique job postings between June 2020 and July 2021 were Dollar General, CRST International, Wal-Mart, Christus, and Assurance IQ. The occupations with the largest number of postings are truck drivers, registered nurses, first-line supervisors, retail salespeople, and customer service representatives. The industries with the largest number of job postings are retail trade; transportation/warehousing; administrative and support services; healthcare; and accommodation and food services.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 28. EMPLOYMENT BY OCCUPATION, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION Office & Administrative Support Sales & Related Construction & Extraction Food Preparation & Serving Related Production Transportation & Material Moving Educational Instruction & Library Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Management Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Healthcare Support Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Business & Financial Operations Protective Service Architecture & Engineering Personal Care & Service Community & Social Service Life, Physical, & Social Science Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Computer & Mathematical Legal Farming, Fishing, & Forestry

2020 Jobs Change 2021-2026 -5,000

0

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

36


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 29. EMPLOYMENT CHANGE BY OCCUPATION, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION Management Food Preparation & Serving Related Construction & Extraction Transportation & Material Moving Educational Instruction & Library Healthcare Support Personal Care & Service Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Business & Financial Operations Architecture & Engineering Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Protective Service Life, Physical, & Social Science Community & Social Service Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Legal Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Sales & Related Computer & Mathematical Production Healthcare Practitioners & Technical

2016-2019

Office & Administrative Support

2019-2020 -3,500

-2,500

-1,500

-500

500

1,500

2,500

3,500

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

37

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 30. OCCUPATIONAL LOCATION QUOTIENTS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2020 Construction & Extraction

1.86

Architecture & Engineering

1.47

Production

1.42

Installation, Maintenance, & Repair

1.31

Protective Service

1.30

Life, Physical, & Social Science Food Preparation & Serving Related

1.11

Sales & Related

1.05

Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance

1.02

Healthcare Support

1.00

Educational Instruction & Library

1.00

Transportation & Material Moving

0.96

Office & Administrative Support

0.90

Healthcare Practitioners & Technical

0.87

Community & Social Service

0.84

Personal Care & Service

0.83

Management

0.82

Legal Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media

▲ Above Average

1.23

▼ Below Average

0.70 0.65 0.58

Figure 31. OCCUPATIONAL STRENGTHS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2020 TOP 15 OCCUPATIONAL LOCATION QUOTIENTS 2020 LOCATION QUOTIENT

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

51-8093

Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, & Gaugers

33.20

1,656

769

$43.64

47-2011

Boilermakers

30.09

534

226

$27.82

51-8091

Chemical Plant & System Operators

29.06

1,080

483

$35.84

17-2041

Chemical Engineers

16.99

524

155

$62.69

53-7073

Wellhead Pumpers

11.86

196

87

$22.78

49-3043

Rail Car Repairers

11.20

324

168

$20.06

51-9011

Chemical Equipment Operators & Tenders

9.63

1,055

493

$32.05

53-7011

Conveyor Operators & Tenders

7.99

247

148

$12.95

19-4031

Chemical Technicians

6.63

497

220

$35.54

47-5071

Roustabouts, Oil & Gas

6.58

347

189

$18.91

47-3012

Helpers--Carpenters

6.15

232

123

$19.10

25-2051

Special Education Teachers, Preschool

5.95

167

59

$20.08

33-1011

First-Line Supervisors of Correctional Officers

5.45

340

110

$22.56

43-5041

Meter Readers, Utilities

5.04

162

69

$16.14

51-7041

Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, & Tenders, Wood

4.88

287

161

$11.93

Source: (Both) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

38


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 32. COMPARATIVE JOBS BY SKILL LEVEL, 2021 Low Beaumont-Port Arthur

37%

Texas

38%

US

37%

Middle

High 21%

42%

26%

36%

28%

35%

Figure 33. JOBS BY SKILL LEVEL, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2008-2026 Low

110

Middle

High PROJECTION ▶

105

100

95

90

85

80 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

Source: (Both) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: (Figure 32) Low-skill jobs require a high school diploma or less, no experience, and minimal on-the-job training. Middle-skill jobs require more than a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree. High-skill jobs require a bachelor’s degree or higher.

39

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 34. HIGH-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS 2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

11-1021 General & Operations Managers

3,057

1,204

$38.68

78.0

25%

82.2

29-1141 Registered Nurses

2,894

710

$33.03

91.3

27%

85.3

25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

1,906

672

$26.09

89.2

20%

82.3

25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term

1,112

594

$9.41

66.6

25%

83.3

1,246

564

$37.45

100.7

27%

86.8

25-1099 Postsecondary Teachers

1,114

530

$32.79

89.0

29%

86.6

25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

1,372

469

$26.16

86.7

21%

84.9

25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

1,132

393

$25.38

87.0

20%

84.5

13-2011 Accountants & Auditors

907

393

$30.90

87.4

31%

93.1

11-9198 Personal Service Mgrs., All Other; Entertainment & Recreation Mgrs., Except Gambling; & Mgrs., All Other

780

334

$30.60

76.0

32%

84.5

11-9021 Construction Managers

904

325

$40.06

105.6

27%

88.6

21-2011 Clergy

461

227

$21.82

88.7

44%

75.3

25-3097 Tutors & Teachers & Instructors, All Other

371

225

$20.56

103.1

25%

85.1

13-1071 Human Resources Specialists

470

215

$26.40

86.5

20%

83.8

13-1028 Buyers & Purchasing Agents

474

209

$27.47

86.6

32%

93.4

15-1256 Software Developers & Software Quality Assurance Analysts & Testers

319

187

$48.46

91.8

14%

80.2

11-9111 Medical & Health Services Managers

405

184

$42.41

85.3

30%

75.2

11-3031 Financial Managers

419

176

$48.16

75.2

27%

85.8

13-1161 Market Research Analysts & Marketing Specialists

254

173

$28.46

90.3

16%

88.6

11-9032 Education Admins., Kindergarten through Secondary

471

166

$38.60

81.8

28%

79.2

13-1111 Management Analysts

271

161

$48.87

115.6

40%

91.1

17-2112 Industrial Engineers

465

156

$47.79

111.8

28%

92.0

17-2041 Chemical Engineers

524

155

$62.69

120.2

25%

91.7

13-1151 Training & Development Specialists

323

151

$29.06

96.4

25%

88.0

21-1012 Educational, Guidance, & Career Counselors & Advisors

297

149

$28.85

103.4

22%

80.0

SOC

13-1198

DESCRIPTION

Project Management Specialists & Business Operations Specialists, All Other

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

40


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 35. MIDDLE-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS 2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

1,917

953

$18.58

95.9

22%

87.8

49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

1,871

838

$18.24

93.1

33%

109.6

47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades & Extraction Workers

1,873

832

$32.83

103.4

26%

106.2

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

1,573

829

$18.37

90.1

38%

103.6

47-2031 Carpenters

1,792

802

$23.00

104.9

19%

125.9

25-9045 Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary

1,600

792

$10.01

72.1

23%

89.7

41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale & Manufacturing, Except Technical & Scientific Products

1,534

779

$26.26

88.7

30%

91.5

47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, & Steamfitters

1,516

776

$29.75

112.9

19%

116.3

51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, & Gaugers

1,656

769

$43.64

115.1

21%

104.0

47-2111 Electricians

1,537

760

$27.31

101.6

21%

110.3

31-1131 Nursing Assistants

1,452

751

$12.53

84.6

20%

97.0

51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

1,398

679

$25.78

121.9

19%

121.4

43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers

1,450

669

$25.14

89.6

27%

91.8

47-2073 Operating Engineers & Other Construction Equip. Operators

1,170

662

$24.03

100.9

24%

120.3

51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production & Operating Workers

1,400

638

$42.41

140.9

28%

88.6

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

1,471

595

$22.11

97.0

15%

90.5

29-2061 Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

1,637

562

$20.24

86.4

24%

84.8

984

541

$11.28

85.3

15%

98.0

49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics

1,092

505

$29.13

109.5

29%

109.8

51-9011 Chemical Equipment Operators & Tenders

1,055

493

$32.05

132.0

23%

110.4

51-8091 Chemical Plant & System Operators

1,080

483

$35.84

113.0

26%

101.7

41-3091 Sales Representatives of Services, Except Advertising, Insurance, Financial Services, & Travel

817

476

$25.17

89.5

24%

96.7

43-6013 Medical Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

862

441

$14.55

81.0

30%

93.1

49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians & Mechanics

996

438

$21.68

108.0

19%

105.9

41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents

725

409

$19.81

78.2

42%

96.0

SOC

DESCRIPTION

39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, & Cosmetologists

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

41

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 36. LOW-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS 2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

35-3023 Fast Food & Counter Workers

5,393

5,123

$9.30

81.1

11%

130.8

41-2031 Retail Salespersons

6,560

4,307

$11.98

92.0

24%

93.4

31-1128 Home Health & Personal Care Aides

5,031

3,411

$8.66

66.7

33%

93.6

41-2011 Cashiers

3,497

2,979

$11.10

92.3

17%

105.5

35-3031 Waiters & Waitresses

2,471

2,428

$9.36

82.0

8%

129.8

43-9061 Office Clerks, General

4,335

2,313

$15.84

93.3

29%

102.0

37-2011 Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids & House. Cleaners

3,129

2,049

$12.02

86.1

33%

122.5

47-2061 Construction Laborers

2,753

1,497

$16.29

93.6

15%

131.9

53-7065 Stockers & Order Fillers

2,454

1,457

$13.77

98.2

20%

112.3

43-4051 Customer Service Representatives

1,978

1,192

$13.61

79.1

20%

96.4

43-6014 Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, & Executive

2,256

1,111

$15.92

85.3

34%

91.4

39-9011 Childcare Workers

1,589

1,064

$9.53

81.1

20%

88.0

53-7062 Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

1,481

1,002

$14.34

96.0

18%

117.2

37-3011 Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers

1,544

960

$11.88

79.9

25%

129.1

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers

1,171

934

$11.09

88.6

17%

129.1

37-2012 Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

1,440

863

$10.07

81.0

28%

124.5

33-9032 Security Guards

1,244

821

$12.07

80.8

28%

109.8

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers

1,327

767

$14.49

81.5

28%

112.9

35-9011 Dining Room & Cafeteria Attendants & Bartender Helpers

703

610

$9.34

77.6

17%

130.6

43-4171 Receptionists & Information Clerks

966

585

$12.89

86.2

24%

94.2

1,086

528

$16.41

90.9

19%

119.5

53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles & Equipment

667

449

$11.52

86.9

19%

123.7

53-3058 Passenger Vehicle Drivers, Except Bus Drivers, Transit & Intercity

771

415

$12.06

80.6

45%

99.9

53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers

763

405

$10.19

75.9

25%

109.1

51-9198 Helpers-Production Workers

541

360

$14.45

98.6

17%

120.0

SOC

DESCRIPTION

53-7051 Industrial Truck & Tractor Operators

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

42


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 37. COMPARATIVE JOBS BY WAGE LEVEL, 2021 Low Beaumont-Port Arthur

Middle

High

27%

Texas

65%

25%

US

8%

64%

18%

10%

70%

12%

Figure 38. JOBS BY WAGE LEVEL, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2008-2026 Low

Middle

High

110

PROJECTION ▶

105

100

95

90

85

80 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Notes: Low-wage jobs are those that have average hourly earnings less than $15.00. Middle-wage jobs have average hourly earnings between $15.00 and $45.00. High-wage jobs have average hourly earnings more than $45.00.

43

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 39. HIGH-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

11-1021 General & Operations Managers

3,057

1,204

$38.68

78.0

25%

82.2

51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production & Operating Workers

1,400

638

$42.41

140.9

28%

88.6

15-1256 Software Developers & Software Quality Assurance Analysts & Testers

319

187

$48.46

91.8

14%

80.2

11-9111 Medical & Health Services Managers

405

184

$42.41

85.3

30%

75.2

11-3031 Financial Managers

419

176

$48.16

75.2

27%

85.8

13-1111 Management Analysts

271

161

$48.87

115.6

40%

91.1

17-2112 Industrial Engineers

465

156

$47.79

111.8

28%

92.0

17-2041 Chemical Engineers

524

155

$62.69

120.2

25%

91.7

17-2141 Mechanical Engineers

466

145

$54.00

124.6

23%

83.4

11-3011 Administrative Services & Facilities Managers

377

144

$44.02

92.7

36%

81.0

23-1011 Lawyers

612

135

$58.50

99.2

40%

81.1

29-1171 Nurse Practitioners

296

130

$47.22

88.1

24%

83.2

11-3051 Industrial Production Managers

331

108

$64.66

124.8

29%

80.9

11-2022 Sales Managers

219

97

$58.20

92.9

85.7

15-1211 Computer Systems Analysts

254

97

$46.23

102.8

81.7

11-9041 Architectural & Engineering Managers

266

88

$73.07

101.7

32%

80.7

17-2071 Electrical Engineers

238

83

$52.10

107.5

29%

84.8

11-3021 Computer & Information Systems Managers

155

73

$61.72

85.2

79.9

13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors

146

63

$33.63

76.7

39%

89.4

11-2021 Marketing Managers

128

61

$70.77

106.6

76.7

29-1051 Pharmacists

283

57

$62.35

100.8

24%

89.1

11-1011 Chief Executives

157

57

$76.11

95.1

41%

82.0

19-2031 Chemists

110

54

$53.00

139.0

87.3

11-3071 Transportation, Storage, & Distribution Managers

139

51

$44.36

96.6

88.2

19-2041 Environmental Scientists & Specialists, Including Health

102

50

$43.27

122.8

74.6

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-than-average risk of automation.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

44


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 40. MIDDLE-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

2020 JOBS

DESCRIPTION

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

53-3032 Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

2,751

1,526

$20.44

90.7

30%

110.1

47-2061 Construction Laborers

2,753

1,497

$16.29

93.6

15%

131.9

53-7065 Stockers & Order Fillers

2,454

1,457

$13.77

98.2

20%

112.3

43-6014 Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, & Executive

2,256

1,111

$15.92

85.3

34%

91.4

53-7062 Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

1,481

1,002

$14.34

96.0

18%

117.2

35-1012 First-Line Suprvs. of Food Preparation & Serving Workers

1,353

973

$14.24

85.9

15%

107.7

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

1,917

953

$18.58

95.9

22%

87.8

49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

1,871

838

$18.24

93.1

33%

109.6

47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades & Extraction Workers

1,873

832

$32.83

103.4

26%

106.2

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

1,573

829

$18.37

90.1

38%

103.6

47-2031 Carpenters

1,792

802

$23.00

104.9

19%

125.9

41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale & Manufacturing, Except Technical & Scientific Products

1,534

779

$26.26

88.7

30%

91.5

47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, & Steamfitters

1,516

776

$29.75

112.9

19%

116.3

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers

1,327

767

$14.49

81.5

28%

112.9

51-8093 Petroleum Pump System Operators, Refinery Operators, & Gaugers

1,656

769

$43.64

115.1

21%

104.0

47-2111 Electricians

1,537

760

$27.31

101.6

21%

110.3

29-1141 Registered Nurses

2,894

710

$33.03

91.3

27%

85.3

51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

1,398

679

$25.78

121.9

19%

121.4

25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

1,906

672

$26.09

89.2

20%

82.3

43-1011 First-Line Supvrs. of Office & Admin. Support Workers

1,450

669

$25.14

89.6

27%

91.8

47-2073 Operating Engineers & Other Construction Equip. Operators

1,170

662

$24.03

100.9

24%

120.3

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

1,471

595

$22.11

97.0

15%

90.5

13-1198 Project Management Specialists & Business Operations Specialists, All Other

1,246

564

$37.45

100.7

27%

86.8

29-2061 Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

1,637

562

$20.24

86.4

24%

84.8

984

541

$11.28

85.3

15%

98.0

39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, & Cosmetologists

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

45

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 41. LOW-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS > 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

31-1128 Home Health & Personal Care Aides

5,031

3,411

$8.66

66.7

33%

93.6

41-2011 Cashiers

3,497

2,979

$11.10

92.3

17%

105.5

35-3031 Waiters & Waitresses

2,471

2,428

$9.36

82.0

8%

129.8

37-2011 Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids & House. Cleaners

3,129

2,049

$12.02

86.1

33%

122.5

35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant

1,794

1,551

$12.18

88.2

15%

125.0

43-4051 Customer Service Representatives

1,978

1,192

$13.61

79.1

20%

96.4

39-9011 Childcare Workers

1,589

1,064

$9.53

81.1

20%

88.0

37-3011 Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers

1,544

960

$11.88

79.9

25%

129.1

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers

1,171

934

$11.09

88.6

17%

129.1

37-2012 Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

1,440

863

$10.07

81.0

28%

124.5

33-9032 Security Guards

1,244

821

$12.07

80.8

28%

109.8

25-9045 Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary

1,600

792

$10.01

72.1

23%

89.7

31-1131 Nursing Assistants

1,452

751

$12.53

84.6

20%

97.0

703

610

$9.34

77.6

17%

130.6

1,112

594

$9.41

66.6

25%

83.3

43-4171 Receptionists & Information Clerks

966

585

$12.89

86.2

24%

94.2

53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles & Equipment

667

449

$11.52

86.9

19%

123.7

43-6013 Medical Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

862

441

$14.55

81.0

30%

93.1

771

415

$12.06

80.6

45%

99.9

53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers

763

405

$10.19

75.9

25%

109.1

31-9092 Medical Assistants

754

402

$14.33

83.2

10%

97.3

51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers

541

360

$14.45

98.6

17%

120.0

35-3011 Bartenders

348

347

$9.23

76.9

12%

121.3

35-9031 Hosts & Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, & Coffee Shop

261

331

$9.89

86.2

10%

117.8

35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food

535

329

$9.43

80.6

13%

134.1

35-9011 Dining Room & Cafeteria Attendants & Bartender Helpers 25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term

53-3058

Passenger Vehicle Drivers, Except Bus Drivers, Transit & Intercity

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

46


47 12,600

12,217 Feb-21

Jul-21

13,114

11,813

13,905 May-21 Jun-21

13,854 Apr-21

13,166

12,303 Jan-21 Mar-21

12,330 Dec-20

11,619

12,216 Oct-20 Nov-20

11,927

12,398

11,665

11,151

11,926

11,464

12,565

11,968

11,054

12,381

12,901

14,082

15,253

17,213

15,850 15,362

13,953

14,994

14,021

13,666

Sep-20

Aug-20

Jul-20

Jun-20

May-20

Apr-20

Mar-20

Feb-20

Jan-20

Dec-19

Nov-19

Oct-19

Sep-19

Aug-19

Jul-19

Jun-19

May-19

Apr-19

Mar-19

Feb-19

Jan-19

T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 42. JOB POSTING ACTIVITY, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, JANUARY 2019-JULY 2021 MONTHLY UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS

Source: Emsi 2021.2 Job Posting Analytics.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 43. JOB POSTING CHARACTERISTICS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, JUNE 2020-JUNE 2021 UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY COMPANY COMPANY Dollar General Corporation CRST International, Inc. Wal-Mart, Inc. Christus Health Assurance IQ, LLC U.S. Xpress, Inc. Care.com, Inc. Harbor Healthcare System Paschall Truck Lines, Inc. CVS Health Corporation C.R. England, Inc. Kelly Services, Inc. Steward Health Care System LLC Pizza Hut, Inc. Beaumont Isd Lamar University Soliant Health, Inc Walgreens Company Computer Task Group, Incorporated Lowe's Companies, Inc.

UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY INDUSTRY

POSTINGS 916 785 782 655 497 495 453 446 438 437 425 404 378 349 348 335 330 311 287 277

INDUSTRY Retail Trade Transportation & Warehousing Admin. & Support & Waste Mgmt. & Remediation Services Health Care & Social Assistance Accommodation & Food Services Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Manufacturing Finance & Insurance Educational Services Public Administration Information Other Services (except Public Administration) Construction Wholesale Trade Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Utilities Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Management of Companies & Enterprises

POSTINGS 8,691 8,339 6,991 6,845 3,860 3,771 2,088 2,077 1,752 1,199 1,065 1,006 892 868 766 254 236 145 59 23

UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY OCCUPATION OCCUPATION Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Registered Nurses First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers Retail Salespersons Customer Service Representatives Home Health & Personal Care Aides Insurance Sales Agents Light Truck Drivers Fast Food & Counter Workers Stockers & Order Fillers First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses Maintenance & Repair Workers, General General & Operations Managers Childcare Workers Sales Reps., Wholesale & Mfg., Except Technical & Sci. Products Nursing Assistants First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers Cashiers Driver/Sales Workers

POSTINGS 9,563 3,543 2,463 2,170 1,426 1,378 1,153 1,134 828 819 811 786 772 694 636 626 555 550 547 501

Source: (All) Emsi 2021.2 Job Posting Analytics.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

48


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION EDUCATION AND TRAINING INFRASTRUCTURE

49

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS are more than 30 school districts in the • There 6-county Beaumont-Port Arthur region. These

school districts graduate about 5,000 students each year. Of the students that can be tracked (e.g. they are enrolled in a Texas public college or university and/or working in Texas), about 70 percent of these students are employed in Texas in the fall semester after their graduation. Of these students who are employed after graduation, about 60 percent work in retail or accommodations and food services. Sixtyone percent of these graduates enroll in a Texas public college or university. The top institutions that these students enroll in are Lamar University, Lamar Institute of Technology, and Lamar State College.

region has three public higher education • The institutions and four other private institutions. Over the last three years, these institutions have conferred an average of 7,100 degrees. Three-fourths of these degrees are earned at Lamar University and about two-thirds of these degrees are graduate degrees.

the number of annual openings • Comparing of entry-level occupations that require postsecondary education to the number of

degrees or completions in related fields can be an indicator of the alignment of the regional talent pipeline with regional jobs. The inclusion of Lamar University in the total number of completions provides a picture of a deep bench of talent to support all career clusters. However, Lamar University attracts students from across Texas, many of whom will move out of the area upon graduation. Without Lamar University, the regional talent pipeline may have significant shortages related to education; health science; and business and oversupplies in manufacturing and law and public safety. Note that the annual openings of transportation, distribution, & logistics includes truck drivers, which requires a commercial drivers license. These can be acquired through a postsecondary degree program or nondegree program. Likewise, architecture and construction includes heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers, which can acquire needed certification through a degree or a nondegree program. Thus, these completions in these two areas are likely understated as nondegree completions are not included in these totals.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

50


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 44. ENROLLMENT AND EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES BY SCHOOL DISTRICT, 2017-2018 NUMBER OF HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES ENROLLED IN COLLEGE ONLY

EMPLOYED ONLY

ALL EMPLOYED

NOT LOCATED*

1,153

228

321

283

511

604

321

Port Arthur

451

66

139

79

145

218

167

Nederland

351

92

88

90

182

178

81

Vidor

348

50

119

71

121

190

108

Port Neches-Groves

341

94

80

101

195

181

66

Lumberton

253

57

71

62

119

133

63

Little Cypress-Mauriceville CISD

247

47

58

72

119

130

70

Bridge City

196

46

53

53

99

106

44

Silsbee

180

45

54

29

74

83

52

Jasper

151

24

54

26

50

80

47

Hardin-Jefferson

143

40

24

45

85

69

34

West Orange-Cove CISD

121

30

32

21

51

53

38

Hamshire-Fannett

116

36

20

31

67

51

29

Orangefield

106

28

28

29

57

57

21

Warren

98

13

43

17

30

60

25

Buna

92

16

38

19

35

57

19

Kirbyville CISD

86

16

25

17

33

42

28

Woodville

82

25

30

14

39

44

13

Kountze

74

16

24

22

38

46

12

Newton

69

15

24

7

22

31

23

Bob Hope School

66

18

15

23

41

38

10

Deweyville

43

13

9

10

23

19

11

West Hardin County CISD

38

10

13

5

15

18

10

Evadale

32

8

11

6

14

17

7

Tekoa Academy Of Accelerated Studies

29

0

17

5

8

22

7

Colmesneil

28

0

13

6

9

19

9

Sabine Pass

26

6

0

17

23

20

3

SCHOOL DISTRICT

TOTAL

Beaumont

EMPLOYED & ALL ENROLLED ENROLLED IN COLLEGE

*Not Located - High school graduates not found either as college enrolled (in a Texas public college or university in the fall semester following graduation) or employed (not found in the 4th quarter of Texas employment data as reported by the Texas Workforce Commission). Source: TPEIR, a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Data are not displayed for districts with fewer than 25 high school graduates in order to protect student confidentiality.

51

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SCHOOL DISTRICT

LAMAR UNIVERSITY

LAMAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

LAMAR STATE COLL-ORANGE

LAMAR STATE COLL-PORT ARTHUR

TEXAS A & M UNIVERSITY

STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIV.

PRAIRIE VIEW A&M UNIVERSITY

TEXAS STATE UNIV.-SAN MARCOS

UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON

BLINN COLLEGE

TEXAS SOUTHERN UNIVERSITY

UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN

SAM HOUSTON STATE UNIVERSITY

Figure 45. TOP TEXAS PUBLIC COLLEGES & UNIVERSITIES, 2017-2018 BY FALL COLLEGE ENROLLMENT OF DISTRICT HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES

Beaumont

168

146

17

20

15

32

10

19

23

17

Port Neches

73

18

44

11

14

6

Nederland

68

16

31

11

12

6

11

Port Arthur

21

11

59

16

11

6

Blinn College

40

20

34

6

5

Lumberton

45

21

5

11

8

5

10

Little Cypress

31

6

47

6

Bridge City

27

7

30

11

5

Hardin Jefferson

24

14

8

7

6

Hamshire

24

15

6

6

7

Silsbee

12

14

5

9

12

Orangefield

18

8

14

Jasper

5

5

8

6

West Orange

7

27

16

16

Buna

5

7

16

Kountze

8

13

Kirbyville

9

8

Warren

9

8

Deweyville

13

Woodville

10

West Hardin

Newton

5

610

342

191

184

87

60

48

41

36

33

29

23

18

Bob Hope

Total

* Institutions with 10 or more students. Source: TPEIR, a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

52


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 46. TOP INDUSTRIES WHERE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES ARE EMPLOYED, 2017-2018 AVERAGE OF PERCENT OF TOTAL EMPLOYED Retail Trade

32%

Accommodations & Food Services

28%

Construction

9%

Health Care & Social Assistance

8%

Admin & Support Services

8%

Manufacturing

7%

Other Services

6%

Professional, Scientific & Technical Services

4%

Public Administration

4%

Educational Services Arts, Entertainment & Recreation Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

3% 3% 3%

Figure 47. HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2018-2020 COMPLETIONS COMPLETIONS INSTITUTION

CITY

2018

2019

2020

Lamar University

Beaumont

5,812

4,796

5,318

Lamar Institute of Technology

Beaumont

662

685

675

Lamar State College-Orange

Orange

507

609

567

Lamar State College-Port Arthur

Port Arthur

484

372

435

Southeast Texas Career Institute

Silsbee

59

68

79

Academy of Hair Design-Jasper

Jasper

45

33

29

Pathway Vocational Academy

Beaumont

28

28

13

Texas Healthtech Institute

Beaumont

26

43

7,597

6,617

7,159

TOTAL

Sources: (Figure 46) TPEIR, a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. (Figure 47) National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid. Note: (Figure 46) Includes all employed students – those employed only and employed/enrolled. Number of students employed is only provided for those industries where five or more are employed.

53

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

ACADEMY OF HAIR DESIGNJASPER

PATHWAY VOCATIONAL ACADEMY

2

86

53

43

1

4

LAMAR STATE COLLEGE-PORT ARTHUR

TEXAS HEALTHTECH INSTITUTE

Certificates of at least 12 wks. but less than 1 yr.

LAMAR STATE COLLEGE-ORANGE

123

LAMAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

LAMAR UNIVERSITY

INSTITUTION

SOUTHEAST TEXAS CAREER INSTITUTE

Figure 48. COMPLETIONS BY AWARD LEVEL, BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION, 2020

Certificates of at least 1 but less than 2 years

64

337

65

26

28

9

Associate's degree

488

228

284

Bachelor's degree

1,751

Master's degree

2,338

Postbaccalaureate certificate

1,151

Doctor's degree - professional practice

9

Doctor's degree - research/scholarship

69

5,318

675

567

435

79

43

29

13

TOTAL

Figure 49. ALIGNMENT OF FIELDS OF STUDY AND JOBS, 2020 BY CAREER CLUSTER CAREER CLUSTER

ANNUAL OPENINGS

TOTAL COMPLETIONS

COMPLETIONS (WITHOUT LAMAR)

Education & Training

867

3,368

317

Health Science

795

786

454

Business, Marketing, & Finance

459

455

112

Transportation, Distribution & Logistics

431

22

17

Human Services

386

432

34

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics

216

698

10

Information Technology

131

130

42

Manufacturing

103

589

537

Law and Public Service

79

310

113

Architecture & Construction

76

29

29

Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications

70

148

12

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources

53

5

0

0

23

0

Hospitality & Tourism

Sources: (Figure 48) National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid. (Figure 49) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed and National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Note: (Figure 49) Annual openings include only entry-level occupations that require a degree program. Completions include only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid.

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

54


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 50. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, LAMAR UNIVERSITY, 2020 CIP CODE

POSTBACHELOR'S BACCALAUREATE DEGREE CERTIFICATE

DESCRIPTION

DOCTOR'S DOCTOR'S DEGREE DEGREE MASTER'S PROFESSIONAL RESEARCH/ DEGREE PRACTICE SCHOLARSHIP

13.0401 Educational Leadership & Administration, General

937

1,227

46

13.1001 Special Education & Teaching, General

212

124

51.3801 Registered Nursing/Registered Nurse

199

30.9999 Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, Other

188

43.0104 Criminal Justice/Safety Studies

97

86

13.0501 Educational/Instructional Technology

180

42.2803 Counseling Psychology

171

24.0102 General Studies

146

52.0201 Business Administration & Management, General

47

92

51.1508 Mental Health Counseling/Counselor

122

14.0101 Engineering, General

73

7

9.0101

64

14.1901 Mechanical Engineering

64

14.0701 Chemical Engineering

47

10

26.0101 Biology/Biological Sciences, General

49

2

42.0101 Psychology, General

50

15.0612 Industrial Technology/Technician

49

44.0701 Social Work

47

52.0101 Business/Commerce, General

44

52.0301 Accounting

21

22

45.1101 Sociology, General

41

50.0901 Music, General

34

4

11.0701 Computer Science

37

14.1001 Electrical & Electronics Engineering

37

31.0504 Sport & Fitness Administration/Management

37

11.0101 Computer & Information Sciences, General

35

51.0203 Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist

35

14.3501 Industrial Engineering

33

51.0201 Communication Sciences & Disorders, General

33

23.0101 English Language & Literature, General

20

7

52.0801 Finance, General

27

51.0001 Health & Wellness, General

26

52.1201 Management Information Systems, General

25

27.0101 Mathematics, General

18

6

19.0505 Foodservice Systems Administration/Management

23

16.1601 American Sign Language (ASL)

22

52.0701 Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurial Studies

22

Speech Communication & Rhetoric

Continued, next page.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

FIGURE 50. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, LAMAR UNIVERSITY, 2020 (CONTINUED) CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

52.1401 Marketing/Marketing Management, General

POSTBACHELOR'S BACCALAUREATE DEGREE CERTIFICATE

DOCTOR'S DOCTOR'S DEGREE DEGREE MASTER'S PROFESSIONAL RESEARCH/ DEGREE PRACTICE SCHOLARSHIP

22

7

14

50.0409 Graphic Design

21

51.2207 Public Health Education & Promotion

21

52.0601 Business/Managerial Economics

17

13.1003 Edu./Teaching of Individuals w/ Hearing Impair. Incl. Deafness

10

6

14.0801 Civil Engineering, General

16

19.0501 Foods, Nutrition, & Wellness Studies, General

16

11.0401 Information Science/Studies

15

9

6

52.1001 Human Resources Management/Personnel Admin., General

15

14.3301 Construction Engineering

13

1

51.3802 Nursing Administration

14

51.3203 Nursing Education

13

40.0501 Chemistry, General

6

6

12

9

2

15.1501 Engineering/Industrial Management

1

9

40.0801 Physics, General

10

9

51.0202 Audiology/Audiologist

9

42.2813 Applied Psychology

8

8

6

26.0202 Biochemistry

6

3.0104

5

0

50.0702 Fine/Studio Arts, General

5

52.0205 Operations Management & Supervision

5

5

4

3

19.0901 Apparel & Textiles, General

3

40.051

2

2

1

1

16.0101 Foreign Languages & Literatures, General

31.0505 Exercise Science & Kinesiology

45.1001 Political Science & Government, General 54.0101 History, General

40.0601 Geology/Earth Science, General

50.0501 Drama & Dramatics/Theatre Arts, General 14.1401 Environmental/Environmental Health Engineering Environmental Science

52.0209 Transportation/Mobility Management 19.0701 Human Development & Family Studies, General 19.0101 Family & Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, General Forensic Chemistry

44.0401 Public Administration 9.0903

Advertising

11.0202 Computer Programming, Specific Applications

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Note: Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for federal financial aid.

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Figure 51. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, LAMAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, 2020 CERTIFICATES OF AT LEAST 12 WKS. BUT LESS THAN 1 YR.

CERTIFICATES OF AT LEAST 1 BUT LESS THAN 2 YRS.

ASSOCIATE’S DEGREE

Chemical Technology/Technician

128

15.0404

Instrumentation Technology/Technician

70

24.0101

Liberal Arts & Sciences/Liberal Studies

61

15.1202

Computer/Computer Systems Technology/Technician

33

20

43.0107

Criminal Justice/Police Science

40

13

51.0602

Dental Hygiene/Hygienist

28

51.0707

Health Information/Medical Records Technology/Technician

13

12

15.1301

Drafting & Design Technology/Technician, General

24

48.0508

Welding Technology/Welder

19

4

51.0911

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer

23

46.0303

Lineworker

19

51.0908

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist

18

43.0203

Fire Science/Fire-fighting

17

52.0201

Business Administration & Management, General

17

51.0713

Medical Insurance Coding Specialist/Coder

15

51.091

Diagnostic Medical Sonography/Sonographer & Ultrasound Tech.

1

14

15.0701

Occupational Safety & Health Technology/Technician

5

9

47.0605

Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician

5

1

4

15.0501

HVAC & Refrigeration Engineering Technology/Technician

6

3

19.0709

Child Care Provider/Assistant

2

7

52.0302

Accounting Technology/Technician & Bookkeeping

9

52.1501

Real Estate

3

5

11.0501

Computer Systems Analysis/Analyst

6

51.0805

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant

6

26.0101

Biology/Biological Sciences, General

4

44.0401

Public Administration

4

47.0303

Industrial Mechanics & Maintenance Technology/Technician

1

2

51.0904

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic)

1

1

11.0101

Computer & Information Sciences, General

1

52.0401

Administrative Assistant & Secretarial Science, General

1

CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

41.0301

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid.

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Figure 52. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, LAMAR STATE COLLEGE, 2020 CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

24.0102 51.3901 41.0301 51.3801 52.0201 24.0101 13.1206 52.0101 48.0508 15.0404 51.0601 11.0101 15.0303 12.0401 51.0909 43.0104 51.0713 15.1302 47.0201 51.3902 43.0102 52.0401 11.0801 11.0201 51.1501 52.0302 31.0501 47.0604 11.1003 12.0413 22.0302 45.1101 50.0901 51.0716 51.0805 23.1304 9.0701 15.1301 26.0101 41.0303 49.0399 50.0501 50.0702

General Studies Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training Chemical Technology/Technician Registered Nursing/Registered Nurse Business Administration & Management, General Liberal Arts & Sciences/Liberal Studies Teacher Education, Multiple Levels Business/Commerce, General Welding Technology/Welder Instrumentation Technology/Technician Dental Assisting/Assistant Computer & Information Sciences, General Electrical, Electronic, & Comms. Engineering Technology/Technician Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, General Surgical Technology/Technologist Criminal Justice/Safety Studies Medical Insurance Coding Specialist/Coder CAD/CADD Drafting and/or Design Technology/Technician Heating, A/C, Ventilation & Refrig. Maint. Technology/Technician Nursing Assistant/Aide & Patient Care Assistant/Aide Corrections Administrative Assistant & Secretarial Science, General Web Page, Digital/Multimedia & Information Resources Design Computer Programming/Programmer, General Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling Accounting Technology/Technician & Bookkeeping Sports, Kinesiology, & Physical Education/Fitness, General Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician Computer & Info. Systems Security/Auditing/Information Assurance Cosmetology, Barber/Styling, & Nail Instructor Legal Assistant/Paralegal Sociology, General Music, General Medical Administrative/Executive Assistant & Medical Secretary Pharmacy Technician/Assistant Rhetoric & Composition Radio & Television Drafting & Design Technology/Technician, General Biology/Biological Sciences, General Chemical Process Technology Marine Transportation, Other Drama & Dramatics/Theatre Arts, General Fine/Studio Arts, General

CERTIFICATES OF AT CERTIFICATES OF CERTIFICATES OF AT LEAST 12 WKS. BUT AT LEAST 1 BUT LEAST 2 BUT LESS ASSOCIATE'S LESS THAN 1 YR. LESS THAN 2 YRS. THAN 4 YRS. DEGREE — — 5 — — — — — 15 — — — 1 12 — — 4 12 8 9 — 4 1 1 1 3 — 4 — 3 — — — 1 — — — — — 2 2 — —

101 166 55 — 15 — — — 7 11 20 10 — — 1 — — — — — 8 0 — — — — — — 4 — — — — 0 4 — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 0 — — — — — — — — —

88 — 92 92 24 35 27 24 — 9 — 8 16 3 13 13 9 — 2 — — 4 6 5 5 3 5 1 — 1 4 4 4 3 — 3 2 2 2 — — 2 1

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

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62 62


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION SUMMARY KEY FINDINGS The Situation

Though the Lufkin-Nacogdoches region had never fully recovered from the Great Recession, it had been growing, slowly but surely, in most of the years leading up to the Pandemic. With pronounced industry clusters related to forestry and forest products and livestock production and processing, the economy has shown a degree of stability and resiliency in spite of mild population loss in the region. Although these clusters are resource-based, the presence of downstream pieces of the value chain means greater job and wealth creation opportunities overall. These clusters will likely face ongoing modernization and automation pressures; however, their demand outlook is favorable. On the other hand, declining population poses a risk as it can lead to job losses in sectors that rely on population, including retail trade; healthcare; other services; and government.

Economic Drivers In addition to forestry and forest products and livestock production and processing, the LufkinNacogdoches region has a large healthcare sector as well as a cluster of activities that center on and around Stephen F. Austin State University. These specializations are reflected in the region’s industry and occupational strengths.

Workforce Demand Middle-skill and middle-wage occupations occupy the largest share of the regional employment base. However, these jobs have been declining and are expected to experience only modest

growth in the coming years. On the other hand, the share of high skill is trending upward. Though office and administrative occupations are on a downward trend, other occupational families are growing. In fact, a wide range of occupations in business and financial operations; management; healthcare; education; and skilled trades/production are expected to be in highdemand and face less automation risk.

Educational Infrastructure and Alignment The region has more than 20 school districts and 2 public higher education institutions. Of the almost 2,400 high school graduates from regional school districts that can be tracked, 68 percent are employed in Texas in the fall semester after graduation and about 60 percent of these recent graduates are employed in retail or accommodations and food services. The top destinations for the 61 percent of regional high school graduates that enroll in higher education are Angelina College followed by Stephen F. Austin. In other words, many high school graduates stay local and either work, go to college, or both. Stephen F. Austin is the largest source of bachelor’s degrees and Angelina College serves as an important source of associate’s degrees and certificates. These two institutions together graduate more than enough students to fill entry-level openings that require postsecondary degrees. However, Stephen F. Austin attracts students from around the state and many of their graduates are likely to move to a different region upon graduation. With only Angelina College completions, the region appears to have a shortage of talent, particularly in health science, education and training, and business.

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COUNTIES

EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY Healthcare Education Retail Trade Manufacturing Accommodation & Food Services Government Construction Other Services (except Public Admin.) Administrative & Support Services Finance & Insurance Wholesale Trade Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Transportation & Warehousing Professional, Scientific, & Tech. Services Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Information Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Mgmt. of Companies & Enterprises Utilities

KEY STATISTICS

195,972 Population (2019)

-0.7%

Population Change (2014-2019)

78,545 Jobs (2020)

46,930

Openings (2021-2026)

12,237 10,368 9,177 8,342 6,548 5,424 4,424 4,024 3,687 2,650 2,123 2,018 2,004 1,801 1,028 731 563 493 480 420

TOP HIGH-DEMAND, HIGH-WAGE JOBS* OCCUPATION

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

1. Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

959

2. General & Operations Managers

594

3. First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

510

4. Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

431

5. First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers

425

6. Registered Nurses

405

7. Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

390

8. First-Line Supervisors of Office & Administrative Support Workers

374

9. Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

348

10. Postsecondary Teachers

347

11. Correctional Officers & Jailers

336

12. Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

290

13. Logging Equipment Operators

260

14. First-Line Supervisors of Production & Operating Workers

234

15. Sales Reps., Wholesale & Mfg., Except Tech. & Scientific Products

233

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Page 64 header image by Jay Brittain. * Includes only occupations that pay more than $15.00 an hour and require some kind of postsecondary education.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMY

67 67

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS ● The Lufkin-Nacogdoches region had an employment base of 78,545 in 2020. In 2019, the number of jobs in the region was still 3 percent lower than its 2008 peak. Then, the Pandemic resulted in an additional loss of about 2 percent of the region’s jobs between 2019 and 2020. ● In contrast to the State and the US, which had recovered from the Great Recession by 2013, the Lufkin-Nacogdoches experienced a period sluggish growth, which hindered the region’s path to recovery. In fact, the region never did fully recover the jobs lost before the most recent Pandemic. ● The largest industry sectors in the region are healthcare, education, and retail trade. The largest sources of growth over the next five years are expected to be healthcare; mining, quarrying, and oil and gas; and accommodation and food services. ● Prior to the Pandemic, the region’s top job gainers were accommodation and food services; mining, quarrying, and oil and gas; and finance and insurance. The top job losers were manufacturing, retail trade, and healthcare. ● During the Pandemic, accommodation and food services; healthcare; and administrative and support services were the top job losers. Finance and insurance; manufacturing; and

agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting were the top job gainers between 2019 and 2020. ● Location quotients (LQs) measure the share of local industry employment relative to the nation. A high location quotient can be an indicator of a potential competitive advantage. In the LufkinNacogdoches region, the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas; agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; utilities; education; and manufacturing sectors have above average LQs. Looking within these sectors, the region shows distinct strengths in forestry and forest products cluster as well as livestock production and processing. ● The sectors that are expected to grow the most and pay the best wages are healthcare; finance and insurance; and construction. Though manufacturing is one of the largest sectors in the region and pays some of the highest wages, the sector is not expected to gain jobs between 2021 and 2026. ● Within this region, there are two primary and distinct job centers—one in Lufkin and a slightly smaller one in Nacogdoches. These job centers, for the most part, share a common labor draw area. ● The largest employers include Stephen F Austin State University, poultry processing facilities, forest products; and regional hospitals.

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DATA ANALYSIS 82,395

79,942

79,834

79,159

79,142

79,485

80,402

80,356

80,092

79,581

79,984

80,307

78,545

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Figure 53. TOTAL EMPLOYMENT, LUFKINNACOGDOCHES REGION, 2008-2020

Figure 54. COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT GROWTH, 2008=100 Lufkin-Nacogdoches Texas US

120

119

116 109

110

104 100

97 95 2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

90

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 55. EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION Healthcare Education Retail Trade Manufacturing Accommodation & Food Services Government Construction Other Services (except Public Admin.) Administrative & Support Services Finance & Insurance Wholesale Trade Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Transportation & Warehousing Professional, Scientific, & Tech. Services Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Information Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Mgmt. of Companies & Enterprises Utilities

2020 Change 2021-2026 -500

1,500

3,500

5,500

7,500

9,500

11,500

13,500

Figure 56. EMPLOYMENT CHANGE BY INDUSTRY, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION Accommodation & Food Services Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Finance & Insurance Construction Utilities Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Transportation & Warehousing Education Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Information Management of Companies & Enterprises Wholesale Trade Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Administrative & Support Services Government Other Services (except Public Administration) Healthcare Retail Trade Manufacturing

2016-2019 2019-2020 -1,000

-500

0

500

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Healthcare includes public hospitals and education includes public schools and higher education institutions.

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Figure 57. INDUSTRY LOCATION QUOTIENTS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2020 Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Utilities Education Manufacturing Retail Trade Healthcare Accommodation & Food Services Other Services (except Public Administration) Construction Government Finance & Insurance Administrative & Support Services Wholesale Trade Transportation & Warehousing Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Management of Companies & Enterprises Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Information Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services

3.53

2.10 1.55 1.45 1.36 1.20 1.14 1.10 0.98 0.98 0.86 0.80 0.78 0.74 0.64 0.54 0.42 0.42 0.39 0.34

▲ Above Average

Location quotients (LQs) are ratios of an area’s share of employment by industry relative to the US’s. If an LQ is equal to 1, then the industry has the same share of its area employment as it does in the nation. An LQ greater than 1 indicates an industry with a greater share of the local area employment than is the case nationwide.

▼ Below Average

Figure 58. INDUSTRY STRENGTHS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2020 TOP 15 INDUSTRY LOCATION QUOTIENTS

NAICS DESCRIPTION

2020 LOCATION QUOTIENT

2020 JOBS

2020 PAYROLLED BUSINESS LOCATIONS

AVG. EARNINGS PER JOB

3211

Sawmills & Wood Preservation

22.60

1,035

19

$70,073

1133

Logging

14.19

502

55

$56,271

3116

Animal Slaughtering & Processing

12.11

3,167

8

$46,526

3212

Veneer, Plywood, & Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing

11.71

461

6

$82,304

5612

Facilities Support Services

5.80

455

1

$27,110

2131

Support Activities for Mining

5.54

753

42

$84,415

3111

Animal Food Manufacturing

5.11

164

4

$46,395

2213

Water, Sewage & Other Systems

4.95

136

25

$47,511

1120

Animal Production

3.77

851

84

$49,181

3359

Other Electrical Equipment & Component Manufacturing

3.53

247

1

$86,118

4247

Petroleum & Petroleum Products Merchant Wholesalers

2.98

151

9

$60,813

4412

Other Motor Vehicle Dealers

2.71

215

17

$60,892

2123

Nonmetallic Mineral Mining & Quarrying

2.70

129

4

$122,119

6216

Home Health Care Services

2.63

2,029

34

$21,163

2373

Highway, Street, & Bridge Construction

2.48

433

10

$66,269

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Healthcare includes public hospitals and education includes public schools and higher education institutions.

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Figure 59. INDUSTRY GROWTH AND WAGES, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION TOP 10 INDUSTRIES $90,000 $80,000

Manufacturing

Finance & Insurance

Average Earnings per Job

$70,000 Construction

Government

$60,000 $50,000

Education

Healthcare

$40,000 Retail Trade $30,000 $20,000

Other Services (except Public Administration)

Administrative & Support Services

Accommodation & Food Services

$10,000 $0 -1,000

-750

-500

-250 0 Projected Change: 2021-2026

250

500

750

1,000

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed

Figure 60. EMPLOYMENT CENTERS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2018 JOB DENSITY BY CENSUS BLOCK

SHELBY NACOGDOCHES

SAN AUGUSTINE

SABINE ANGELINA

Source: US Census Bureau, LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics.

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Figure 61. TOP EMPLOYERS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION TEXAS ONLY NAME

CITY

SIZE

Nacogdoches

5,000-9,999

Diboll

1,000-4,999

Pilgrim’s Pride Corp

Nacogdoches

1,000-4,999

Pilgrim’s Pride Corp

Lufkin

1,000-4,999

Pilgrim’s Pride Corp

Lufkin

1,000-4,999

Angelina College

Lufkin

500-999

Baker Hughes Co

Lufkin

500-999

CHI St Luke’s Health Meml Lfkn

Lufkin

500-999

Community Health Systems

Lufkin

500-999

Nacogdoches

500-999

Walmart Supercenter

Lufkin

500-999

Woodland Heights Medical Ctr

Lufkin

500-999

Brookshire Brothers Ltd

Lufkin

250-499

Etech

Lufkin

250-499

FORETRAVEL MOTORCOACH

Nacogdoches

250-499

Hudson Independent School

Lufkin

250-499

Lufkin City Hall

Lufkin

250-499

Lufkin High School

Lufkin

250-499

Nacogdoches Medical Ctr

Nacogdoches

250-499

Nibco Inc-Nacogdoches Plant

Nacogdoches

250-499

Pilgrim’s Pride Corp

Nacogdoches

250-499

R R Donnelley

Nacogdoches

250-499

Walmart Supercenter

Center

250-499

Walmart Supercenter

Nacogdoches

250-499

American Timber & Steel

Nacogdoches

100-249

Stephen F Austin State Univ

Nacogdoches

5,000-9,999

Diboll

1,000-4,999

Stephen F Austin State Univ Georgia-Pacific

Nacogdoches Memorial Hospital

Georgia-Pacific Source: Texas Labor Market Information, Texas Workforce Commission.

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LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS

75 75

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS ● The Lufkin-Nacogdoches region has a labor force of about 80,000 individuals who are either employed or actively looking for work. The number of participants plunged during the economic shutdown in the first months of the Pandemic, and by May 2021, the labor force was still 2.3 percent smaller than its pre-Pandemic level. Within the region, San Augustine and Angelina Counties were still experiencing the largest declines in labor force participants while Sabine County’s labor force grew. ● Unemployment in the region still remained high in May 2021 with Sabine, and San Augustine Counties facing unemployment rates above 8 percent. ● Looking back to 2008, the Lufkin-Nacogdoches region’s unemployment rate was between the state and the nation’s. However, in 2014, the national unemployment rate dropped and the regional rate stayed steady. From that point on, the regional unemployment rate remained above the national and state unemployment rates until the Pandemic. ● In terms of characteristics of the working age population (age 25 to 64), the LufkinNacogdoches area has a relatively large white

population both in comparison to the state and the US and has a much smaller Hispanic/ Latino population in comparison to Texas. The age distribution of the regional working age population is similar to that of the nation, which skews older than that of the state. The presence of Stephen F. Austin means that it also has a large cohort of young adults (age 16 to 24). The region has a much larger share of workers with only a high school diploma. Only 17 percent of the population 25 to 64 in the labor force has a bachelor’s degree or higher, which is significantly lower than that of the state and the nation. ● A comparison of the educational requirements of jobs and the educational attainment of the population 25 to 64 in the labor force shows that more than two-thirds of the jobs in the region require a high school diploma or less. Yet, 51 percent of the workers have more than a high school diploma. This means than some workers with postsecondary education are working in jobs for which they are overqualified. The number of workers with a bachelor’s degree or higher is fairly well-aligned with the number of jobs that require such a credential.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 62. LABOR MARKET SUMMARY, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, FEBRUARY 2020 TO MAY 2021 FEB 2020

APRIL 2020

MAY 2021

CHANGE (Feb. 2020 to May 2021)

Labor Force

82,923

77,105

80,995

-2.3%

Employment

79,498

68,918

75,681

-4.8%

Unemployment

3,425

8,187

5,314

+55.2%

4.1

10.6

6.6

+58.8%

Labor Force

35,906

33,987

34,841

-3.0%

Employment

34,419

30,173

32,451

-5.7%

Unemployment

1,487

3,814

2,390

+60.7%

4.1

11.2

6.9

+68.3%

Labor Force

28,842

25,752

28,027

-2.8%

Employment

27,799

23,167

26,409

-5.0%

Unemployment

1,043

2,585

1,618

+55.1%

3.6

10.0

5.8

+61.1%

Labor Force

3,798

3,786

4,019

+5.8%

Employment

3,545

3,225

3,626

+2.3%

Unemployment

253

561

393

+55.3%

Unemployment Rate

6.7

14.8

9.8

+46.3%

Labor Force

3,033

2,929

2,911

-4.0%

Employment

2,859

2,592

2,647

-7.4%

Unemployment

174

337

264

+51.7%

Unemployment Rate

5.7

11.5

9.1

+59.6%

Labor Force

11,344

10,651

11,197

-1.3%

Employment

10,876

9,761

10,548

-3.0%

Unemployment

468

890

649

+38.7%

Unemployment Rate

4.1

8.4

5.8

+41.5%

GEOGRAPHY LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION

Unemployment Rate ANGELINA COUNTY

Unemployment Rate NACOGDOCHES COUNTY

Unemployment Rate SABINE COUNTY

SAN AUGUSTINE COUNTY

SHELBY COUNTY

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

77

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 63. COMPARATIVE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES, 2008-2020 Lufkin-Nacogdoches

10.0

Texas

US

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

Image by Michael Barera via

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

2018

2019

2020

Wikimedia Commons

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 64. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY RACE POPULATION 16+ White

Black

Lufkin-Nacogdoches

Asian

Other

79%

16%

4%

Texas

75%

12%

5%

8%

US

74%

12%

6%

8%

Figure 65. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY ETHNICITY POPULATION 16+ Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race)

Lufkin-Nacogdoches

White alone, not Hispanic or Latino

16%

Texas

66%

18%

36%

US

45%

16%

16-24

21%

25-34

19%

Texas

35-54

15%

17%

US

19%

63%

Figure 66. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY AGE POPULATION 16+ Lufkin-Nacogdoches

Some other race, not Hispanic or Latino

29%

19%

15%

55+ 37%

34%

17%

30%

32%

36%

Figure 67. WORKERS BY EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT POPULATION 25 TO 64 IN THE LABOR FORCE Less than high school graduate

Lufkin-Nacogdoches Texas US

High school diploma

Some college or associate's degree

31%

33%

18% 13%

23%

8%

Bachelor's degree or higher 18%

30%

24%

34%

30%

37%

Figure 68. COMPARISON OF EDUCATION LEVEL OF WORKERS AND JOBS LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION High School or Less

Workers Jobs

Some College or Associate's Degree

49%

Bachelor's Degree or higher

33% 69%

18% 12%

19%

Note: (Figure 68) Workers are defined as the working age population (age 25 to 64). Sources: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year Estimates, 2019 and Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

80 80


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION WORKFORCE DEMAND

81 81

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS ● The largest occupational families in the Lufkin-Nacogdoches region are office and administrative support; sales and related; and transportation and material moving. Over the next five years, the fastest growing occupational families are expected to be construction, food preparation, and healthcare support. The occupational families that are expected to lose the largest number of jobs are production, protective services, and farming, fishing, and forestry. ● Prior to the Pandemic, the fastest growing occupational families were management; transportation and material moving; and farming, fishing, and forestry. The occupational families that lost the largest number of jobs were office and administrative support; educational instruction; and sales and related. During the Pandemic, the occupational families that were hardest hit were food preparation; sales and related; and office and administrative support. The occupational families that grew during the Pandemic were management; business and financial operations; and farming, fishing, and forestry. ● Occupational LQs show the share of occupational employment relative to the nation. LQs above 1 indicate a higher share of occupational employment in comparison to the nation. In the Lufkin-Nacogdoches region, the occupational LQs that are above average are farming, fishing, and forestry; healthcare support; and production. The detailed occupations with the highest LQs reflect the region’s specialization in forestry and forest products and livestock processing. ● The skill level of occupations is determined by the education required for entry, the experience required, and the level of on-thejob training. Low-skill jobs are those that require a high school diploma or less, no experience, and minimal on-the-job training. Middle-skill jobs require more than a high

school diploma but less than a four-year degree. High-skill jobs require a bachelor’s degree or higher. In the Lufkin-Nacogdoches region, the share of lower and middle-skill jobs is larger than that of the state and nation while the share of high-skill jobs is smaller. ● Since 2008, the number of low and middle-skill jobs has declined, but it is expected to increase over the next 5 years. Meanwhile, the number of high-skill jobs has grown significantly in recent years and is expected to continue to grow. ● The high-skill occupations that are highest in-demand include a variety of management; business and operations; and education and training occupations as well as registered nurses. These occupations, with the exception of substitute teachers, pay between $18 and $66 an hour. The majority of the occupations are facing a high degree of retirement exposure, with more than 25 percent of their workers aged 55 or older. However, none of these occupations faces higher than average automation risk. ● The middle-skill occupations that are highest in-demand include first-line supervisors; truck drivers, healthcare, skilled trades, maintenance, and some production-related technicians. All but eight of the occupations pay above $15 per hour and the highest paid of these occupations earn between $20 and $25 per hour. These occupations also face retirement exposure but are also more likely to face higher than average automation risk. ● The wage level of occupations is determined by the average hourly earnings. Low-wage jobs are those that have average hourly earnings less than $15.00. Middle-wage jobs have average hourly earnings between $15.00 and $45.00. High-wage jobs have average hourly earnings more than $45.00. The Lufkin-Nacogdoches region has a relatively high share of low-wage jobs in comparison to the US and quite a low share of high-wage jobs. About half of jobs pay, on average, between $15 and $45 per hour.

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● Since 2008, the number of middle and highwage jobs declined while the number of low-wage jobs has increased. Over the next five years, each of the wage categories is expected to grow at about 1 percent per year. ● Only five occupations fall into the high-wage, high-demand category: financial managers, management analysts, marketing manager, lawyers, and pharmacists. Three of the five occupations face higher retirement exposure but none face higher than average risk of automation. ● The middle-wage jobs that are highest indemand include truck drivers; first-line supervisors; educational instruction, skilled trades, and nurses. Fifteen of the 25 occupations face high retirement exposure, and almost half face above average automation risk.

83

● In comparison to the pre-Pandemic levels of 2019, job posting activity remained low until the fall of 2020. In 2021, job posting activity increased and has remained at or above 2019 levels. There are currently more job postings than there are unemployed people. The companies in the Lufkin-Nacogdoches area with the largest number of unique job postings between June 2020 and July 2021 were Wal Mart, Dollar General, CRST International, and US Xpress. The occupations with the largest number of postings are truck drivers, registered nurses, customer service representatives, and retail salespersons. The industries with the largest number of job postings are retail trade; transportation/warehousing; administrative and support services; healthcare; and accommodation and food services.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 69. EMPLOYMENT BY OCCUPATION, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION Office & Administrative Support Sales & Related Transportation & Material Moving Food Preparation & Serving Related Production Educational Instruction & Library Healthcare Support Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Management Construction & Extraction Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Business & Financial Operations Protective Service Personal Care & Service Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Community & Social Service Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Architecture & Engineering Computer & Mathematical Life, Physical, & Social Science 2020 Jobs

Legal

Change 2021-2026

Military-only -500

1,500

3,500

5,500

7,500

9,500

11,500

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 70. EMPLOYMENT CHANGE BY OCCUPATION, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION Management Transportation & Material Moving Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Construction & Extraction Business & Financial Operations Food Preparation & Serving Related Healthcare Support Community & Social Service Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Personal Care & Service Architecture & Engineering Legal Production Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Protective Service Life, Physical, & Social Science Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Computer & Mathematical Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Sales & Related Educational Instruction & Library

2016-2019

Office & Administrative Support

2019-2020 -1,000

-500

0

500

1,000

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

Imeag by ReneLariby via

85

Wikimeda Comons

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 71. OCCUPATIONAL LOCATION QUOTIENTS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2020 Farming, Fishing, & Forestry

2.71

Healthcare Support

1.42

Production

1.40

Educational Instruction & Library Protective Service

1.13

Food Preparation & Serving Related

1.13

Installation, Maintenance, & Repair

1.10

Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance

1.10

Office & Administrative Support

1.08

Healthcare Practitioners & Technical

1.04

Transportation & Material Moving

1.04

Sales & Related

1.00

Construction & Extraction

0.92

Community & Social Service

0.92

Management

0.83

Personal Care & Service

0.82

Life, Physical, & Social Science Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media

▲ Above Average

1.21

▼ Below Average

0.62 0.53

Architecture & Engineering

0.49

Business & Financial Operations

0.49

Figure 72. OCCUPATIONAL STRENGTHS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2020 TOP 15 OCCUPATIONAL LOCATION QUOTIENTS 2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

29.82

103

77

$22.14

45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators

17.32

340

260

$21.19

51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, & Tenders, Wood

14.88

369

198

$11.13

51-3023 Slaughterers & Meat Packers

11.77

453

236

$11.71

53-7011 Conveyor Operators & Tenders

8.72

114

67

$11.73

29-9091 Athletic Trainers

6.35

102

32

$30.03

47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil & Gas

6.12

136

184

$19.09

43-4141 New Accounts Clerks

5.23

118

69

$16.18

45-2041 Graders & Sorters, Agricultural Products

5.14

117

76

$10.48

51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, & Tenders, Except Sawing

5.01

186

112

$13.79

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

4.14

825

336

$18.90

51-3022 Meat, Poultry, & Fish Cutters & Trimmers

4.03

297

157

$14.96

33-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Correctional Officers

3.94

104

33

$22.17

45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, & Aquacultural Animals

3.54

305

227

$14.74

51-3021 Butchers & Meat Cutters

3.29

235

120

$11.78

2020 LOCATION QUOTIENT

45-4021 Fallers

SOC

DESCRIPTION

Source: (Both) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 73. COMPARATIVE JOBS BY SKILL LEVEL, 2021 Low Lufkin-Nacogdoches

Middle

High

42%

Texas

38%

US

37%

38%

20%

36%

26%

35%

28%

Figure 74. JOBS BY SKILL LEVEL, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2008-2026 Low

115

Middle

High PROJECTION ▶

110

105

100

95

90

85

80 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

Source: (Both) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: (Figure 73) Low-skill jobs are those require a high school diploma or less, no experience, and minimal on-the-job training. Middle-skill jobs require more than a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree. High-skill jobs require a bachelor’s degree or higher.

87

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 75. HIGH-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION. 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

11-1021 General & Operations Managers

1,303

594

$35.41

71.4

26%

82.2

29-1141 Registered Nurses

1,540

405

$32.93

91.0

25%

85.3

25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

987

348

$23.79

81.3

20%

82.3

25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term

635

347

$9.49

67.1

25%

83.3

25-1099 Postsecondary Teachers

734

347

$32.73

88.8

29%

86.6

647

219

$24.85

82.4

21%

84.9

364

182

$27.67

78.2

32%

93.1

SOC

25-2031

DESCRIPTION

Secondary School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

13-2011 Accountants & Auditors

AUTOMATION INDEX

13-1198

Project Management Specialists & Business Operations Specialists, All Other

329

178

$27.04

72.7

27%

86.8

25-2022

Middle School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

450

158

$24.07

82.5

20%

84.5

11-9198

Personal Service Mgrs., All Other; Entertainment & Recreation Mgrs., Except Gambling; & Mgrs., All Other

307

128

$23.88

59.3

31%

84.5

21-2011 Clergy

218

124

$21.73

88.3

44%

75.3

11-9111 Medical & Health Services Managers

239

110

$38.06

76.6

30%

75.2

13-1071 Human Resources Specialists

200

102

$22.28

73.0

83.8

11-3031 Financial Managers

181

102

$46.05

71.9

29%

85.8

13-2072 Loan Officers

145

94

$27.48

89.5

91.7

11-9021 Construction Managers

236

94

$28.82

76.0

28%

88.6

21-1012 Educational, Guidance, & Career Counselors & Advisors

180

90

$27.70

99.3

80.0

11-9032 Education Administrators, Kindergarten through Secondary

239

83

$38.16

80.9

27%

79.2

13-1111 Management Analysts

117

75

$38.45

91.0

46%

91.1

13-1161 Market Research Analysts & Marketing Specialists

102

74

$28.10

89.2

88.6

25-3097 Tutors & Teachers & Instructors, All Other

110

71

$24.74

124.0

28%

85.1

13-1028 Buyers & Purchasing Agents

154

70

$22.26

70.2

34%

93.4

13-1151 Training & Development Specialists

131

68

$18.03

59.8

88.0

11-2021 Marketing Managers

153

67

$66.23

99.7

76.7

21-2021 Directors, Religious Activities & Education

106

64

$22.86

105.5

37%

84.7

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 76. MIDDLE-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS 2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

1,599

959

$19.65

87.2

32%

110.1

35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant

685

554

$9.94

71.9

14%

125.0

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

960

510

$16.29

84.1

21%

87.8

1,045

474

$13.81

85.7

25%

112.6

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

772

431

$16.43

80.6

39%

103.6

35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers

573

425

$16.60

100.1

15%

107.7

43-6013 Medical Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

791

419

$12.99

72.3

29%

93.1

25-9045 Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary

813

412

$9.70

69.8

23%

89.7

31-1131 Nursing Assistants

799

410

$11.50

77.7

19%

97.0

49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

808

390

$14.97

76.3

32%

109.6

745

374

$22.64

80.7

27%

91.8

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

825

336

$18.90

82.9

14%

90.5

31-9092 Medical Assistants

588

314

$13.75

79.8

10%

97.3

29-2061 Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

811

290

$21.46

91.6

24%

84.8

45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators

340

260

$21.19

108.9

29%

108.3

51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production & Operating Workers

510

234

$26.93

89.5

29%

88.6

439

233

$23.29

78.7

33%

91.5

47-2031 Carpenters

407

201

$15.63

71.3

23%

125.9

51-7041 Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, & Tenders, Wood

369

198

$11.13

73.7

26%

120.4

47-2111 Electricians

272

192

$20.50

76.3

21%

110.3

49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics

309

187

$23.02

86.5

29%

109.8

11-9013 Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers

422

187

$24.28

118.2

50%

93.5

47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil & Gas

136

184

$19.09

100.7

123.5

276

181

$24.85

78.3

28%

106.2

341

167

$16.85

83.9

17%

105.9

SOC

DESCRIPTION

53-3032 Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

51-2098 Miscellaneous Assemblers & Fabricators

43-1011

41-4012

47-1011

First-Line Supervisors of Office & Administrative Support Workers

Sales Representatives, Wholesale & Manufacturing, Except Technical & Scientific Products

First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades & Extraction Workers

49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians & Mechanics

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

89

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 77. LOW-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

35-3023 Fast Food & Counter Workers

2,630

2,680

$9.62

83.9

11%

130.8

31-1128 Home Health & Personal Care Aides

3,010

2,419

$8.43

64.9

33%

93.6

41-2011 Cashiers

2,180

1,853

$10.24

85.2

17%

105.5

41-2031 Retail Salespersons

2,189

1,618

$11.73

90.0

25%

93.4

43-9061 Office Clerks, General

1,879

1,052

$13.20

77.7

29%

102.0

35-3031 Waiters & Waitresses

1,036

944

$10.61

92.9

8%

129.8

37-2011 Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

1,249

926

$11.20

80.2

29%

122.5

43-4051 Customer Service Representatives

1,411

907

$12.02

69.8

19%

96.4

53-7065 Stockers & Order Fillers

1,141

708

$11.49

81.9

20%

112.3

53-7062 Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

1,003

680

$12.11

81.0

19%

117.2

1,119

570

$14.77

79.2

34%

91.4

37-2012 Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

772

553

$9.30

74.8

27%

124.5

37-3011 Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers

749

502

$12.09

81.3

23%

129.1

39-9011 Childcare Workers

688

492

$9.18

78.2

20%

88.0

47-2061 Construction Laborers

691

391

$13.83

79.4

17%

131.9

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers

470

367

$9.57

76.4

17%

129.1

45-2092 Farmworkers & Laborers, Crop, Nursery, & Greenhouse

433

338

$11.74

85.2

24%

113.0

53-7064 Packers & Packagers, Hand

507

312

$11.07

82.1

22%

123.1

43-4171 Receptionists & Information Clerks

398

250

$13.02

87.1

25%

94.2

43-3071 Tellers

379

242

$13.17

84.0

25%

102.3

51-3023 Slaughterers & Meat Packers

453

236

$11.71

79.3

22%

129.7

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers

359

232

$11.69

65.8

28%

112.9

45-2093 Farmworkers, Farm, Ranch, & Aquacultural Animals

305

227

$14.74

106.7

23%

107.3

35-2012 Cooks, Institution & Cafeteria

342

222

$9.83

71.4

24%

108.3

39-3091 Amusement & Recreation Attendants

156

196

$8.41

70.6

20%

108.1

43-6014

Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, & Executive

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

90


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 78. COMPARATIVE JOBS BY WAGE LEVEL, 2021 Low Lufkin-Nacogdoches

Middle

High

42%

Texas

38%

US

37%

38%

20%

36%

26%

35%

28%

Figure 79. JOBS BY WAGE LEVEL, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2008-2026 Low

120

Middle

High PROJECTION ▶

110

100

90

80

70

60 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

Figure 80. HIGH-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS 2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

102

181

$46.05

71.9

29%

85.8

13-1111 Management Analysts

75

117

$38.45

91.0

46%

91.1

11-2021 Marketing Managers

67

153

$66.23

99.7

76.7

23-1011 Lawyers

48

158

$44.59

75.6

38%

81.1

29-1051 Pharmacists

24

103

$69.14

111.8

89.1

SOC

DESCRIPTION

11-3031 Financial Managers

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

Source (All): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Notes: Low-wage jobs are those that have average hourly earnings less than $15.00. Middle-wage jobs have average hourly earnings between $15.00 and $45.00. High-wage jobs have average hourly earnings more than $45.00. Figure 80 includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-than-average risk of automation.

91

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 81. MIDDLE-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS 2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

53-3032 Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

1,599

959

$19.65

87.2

32%

110.1

11-1021 General & Operations Managers

1,303

594

$35.41

71.4

26%

82.2

1,119

570

$14.77

79.2

34%

91.4

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

960

510

$16.29

84.1

21%

87.8

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

772

431

$16.43

80.6

39%

103.6

35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers

573

425

$16.60

100.1

15%

107.7

1,540

405

$32.93

91.0

25%

85.3

47-2061 Construction Laborers

691

391

$13.83

79.4

17%

131.9

49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

808

390

$14.97

76.3

32%

109.6

745

374

$22.64

80.7

27%

91.8

25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

987

348

$23.79

81.3

20%

82.3

25-1099 Postsecondary Teachers

734

347

$32.73

88.8

29%

86.6

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

825

336

$18.90

82.9

14%

90.5

29-2061 Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

811

290

$21.46

91.6

24%

84.8

45-4022 Logging Equipment Operators

340

260

$21.19

108.9

29%

108.3

51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production & Operating Workers

510

234

$26.93

89.5

29%

88.6

439

233

$23.29

78.7

33%

91.5

359

232

$11.69

65.8

28%

112.9

647

219

$24.85

82.4

21%

84.9

47-2031 Carpenters

407

201

$15.63

71.3

23%

125.9

47-2111 Electricians

272

192

$20.50

76.3

21%

110.3

49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics

309

187

$23.02

86.5

29%

109.8

11-9013 Farmers, Ranchers, & Other Agricultural Managers

422

187

$24.28

118.2

50%

93.5

47-5071 Roustabouts, Oil & Gas

136

184

$19.09

100.7

123.5

13-2011 Accountants & Auditors

364

182

$27.67

78.2

32%

93.1

SOC

43-6014

DESCRIPTION

Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, & Executive

29-1141 Registered Nurses

43-1011

41-4012

First-Line Supervisors of Office & Administrative Support Workers

Sales Representatives, Wholesale & Manufacturing, Except Technical & Scientific Products

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers 25-2031

Secondary School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 82. LOW-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

2020 JOBS

DESCRIPTION

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS > 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

35-3023 Fast Food & Counter Workers

2,630

2,680

$9.62

83.9

11%

130.8

31-1128 Home Health & Personal Care Aides

3,010

2,419

$8.43

64.9

33%

93.6

41-2011 Cashiers

2,180

1,853

$10.24

85.2

17%

105.5

41-2031 Retail Salespersons

2,189

1,618

$11.73

90.0

25%

93.4

43-9061 Office Clerks, General

1,879

1,052

$13.20

77.7

29%

102.0

35-3031 Waiters & Waitresses

1,036

944

$10.61

92.9

8%

129.8

37-2011 Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

1,249

926

$11.20

80.2

29%

122.5

43-4051 Customer Service Representatives

1,411

907

$12.02

69.8

19%

96.4

53-7065 Stockers & Order Fillers

1,141

708

$11.49

81.9

20%

112.3

53-7062 Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

1,003

680

$12.11

81.0

19%

117.2

35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant

685

554

$9.94

71.9

14%

125.0

37-2012 Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

772

553

$9.30

74.8

27%

124.5

37-3011 Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers

749

502

$12.09

81.3

23%

129.1

39-9011 Childcare Workers

688

492

$9.18

78.2

20%

88.0

1,045

474

$13.81

85.7

25%

112.6

43-6013 Medical Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

791

419

$12.99

72.3

29%

93.1

25-9045 Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary

813

412

$9.70

69.8

23%

89.7

31-1131 Nursing Assistants

799

410

$11.50

77.7

19%

97.0

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers

470

367

$9.57

76.4

17%

129.1

25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term

635

347

$9.49

67.1

25%

83.3

45-2092 Farmworkers & Laborers, Crop, Nursery, & Greenhouse

433

338

$11.74

85.2

24%

113.0

31-9092 Medical Assistants

588

314

$13.75

79.8

10%

97.3

53-7064 Packers & Packagers, Hand

507

312

$11.07

82.1

22%

123.1

43-4171 Receptionists & Information Clerks

398

250

$13.02

87.1

25%

94.2

43-3071 Tellers

379

242

$13.17

84.0

25%

102.3

51-2098 Miscellaneous Assemblers & Fabricators

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

93

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


Imeag by

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

Bily Hathorn via

Jul-21

Jun-21

May-21

Apr-21

Mar-21

Feb-21

Jan-21

Dec-20

Nov-20

Oct-20

Sep-20

Aug-20

Jul-20

Jun-20

May-20

Apr-20

Mar-20

Feb-20

Jan-20

Dec-19

Nov-19

Oct-19

Sep-19

Aug-19

Jul-19

Jun-19

May-19

Apr-19

Mar-19

Feb-19

Jan-19

6,023

5,829

8,072

7,442

7,705

8,595

8,353

8,154

7,663

7,194

6,754

6,213

5,829

7,096 6,730

6,409

6,037

5,630

5,165

5,005

6,116 5,732 5,558

5,094

7,444 6,993

6,584 6,288

5,802

5,642

5,190

T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 83. JOB POSTING ACTIVITY, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, JANUARY 2019-JULY 2021 MONTHLY UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS

Source: Emsi 2021.2 Job Posting Analytics.

ikmeda W Comons

94


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 84. JOB POSTING CHARACTERISTICS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, JUNE 2020-JUNE 2021 UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY COMPANY COMPANY Wal-Mart, Inc. Dollar General Corporation CRST International, Inc. U.S. Xpress, Inc. Paschall Truck Lines, Inc. Stephen F Austin State University Texas Department of State Health Services Tenet Healthcare Corporation Lowe’s Companies, Inc. United States Department of the Army Uber Eats COMPASS GROUP PLC Jobot CVS Health Corporation Health The Ohio State University Care.com, Inc. Dollar Tree, Inc. Assurance IQ, LLC C.R. England, Inc.

UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY INDUSTRY

POSTINGS 501 384 370 284 281 257 248 248 241 220 199 198 196 193 190 190 185 181 169 165

INDUSTRY Retail Trade Transportation & Warehousing Admin. & Support & Waste Mgmt. & Remediation Services Health Care & Social Assistance Accommodation & Food Services Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Manufacturing Finance & Insurance Educational Services Public Administration Other Services (except Public Administration) Construction Wholesale Trade Information Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Utilities Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Management of Companies & Enterprises

POSTINGS 4,933 4,241 4,098 3,817 2,975 1,847 1,470 1,085 1,084 1,040 683 668 524 484 302 109 80 45 29 3

UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY OCCUPATION OCCUPATION Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Registered Nurses Customer Service Representatives Retail Salespersons First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers Fast Food & Counter Workers Stockers & Order Fillers Home Health & Personal Care Aides First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers Cashiers Light Truck Drivers Cooks, Restaurant Insurance Sales Agents Computer User Support Specialists Merchandise Displayers & Window Trimmers Maintenance & Repair Workers, General Secretaries & Admin. Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, & Executive Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

95

POSTINGS 4,597 2,794 1,721 1,136 1,105 903 819 615 607 547 508 474 464 423 391 371 364 338 320 309

Source: (All) Emsi 2021.2 Job Posting Analytics.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

96 96


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION EDUCATION AND TRAINING INFRASTRUCTURE

97 97

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS ● There are more than 20 school districts in the 6-county Lufkin-Nacogdoches region. These school districts graduate about 2,400 students each year. Of the students that can be tracked (e.g. they are enrolled in a Texas public college or university and/or working in Texas), 68 percent of these students are employed in Texas in the fall semester after their graduation. Of these students who are employed after graduation, about 60 percent work in retail or accommodations and food services. Sixty-one percent of these graduates enroll in a Texas public college or university. The top institutions that these students enroll in are Angelina College and Stephen F. Austin. ● The region has two public higher education institutions and one other private institution. Over the last three years, these institutions have conferred an average of 3,850 degrees annually. Three-fourths of these degrees are earned at Stephen F. Austin and 78 percent of these degrees are bachelor’s degrees. ● Comparing the number of annual openings of entry-level occupations that require

postsecondary education to the number of degrees or completions in related fields can be an indicator of the alignment of the regional talent pipeline with regional jobs. The inclusion of Stephen F. Austin in the total number of completions shows that there are plenty of graduates from regional institutions to fill available positions. However, Stephen F. Austin attracts students from across Texas, many of whom will move out of the area upon graduation. Without Stephen F. Austin, the regional talent pipeline may have significant shortages related to health science; education; and business and an oversupply in manufacturing. Note that the annual openings of transportation, distribution, & logistics includes truck drivers, which requires a commercial drivers license. These can be acquired through a postsecondary degree program or nondegree program. Likewise, human services includes hairdressers, which can acquire needed certification through a degree or a nondegree program. Thus, these completions in these two areas are likely understated as nondegree completions are not inclued in these totals.

Image by Billy Hathorn

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 85. ENROLLMENT AND EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES BY SCHOOL DISTRICT, 2017-2018 NUMBER OF HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES TOTAL

ENROLLED IN COLLEGE ONLY

EMPLOYED ONLY

ALL EMPLOYED

NOT LOCATED*

Lufkin

512

119

125

132

251

257

136

Nacogdoches

415

77

134

59

136

193

145

Hudson

204

52

52

57

109

109

43

Center

194

57

50

30

87

80

57

Huntington

147

28

49

22

50

71

48

Diboll

126

17

38

39

56

77

32

Central

111

20

30

24

44

54

37

Central Heights

88

29

18

16

45

34

25

West Sabine

61

11

19

17

28

36

14

Hemphill

59

7

16

10

17

26

26

Shelbyville

53

17

12

13

30

25

11

Garrison

50

14

19

9

23

28

8

Tenaha

49

12

13

11

23

24

13

Joaquin

47

16

11

4

20

15

16

Pineywoods Community Academy

45

13

14

8

21

22

10

San Augustine

42

15

11

5

20

16

11

Woden

38

10

14

9

19

23

5

Timpson

38

13

11

4

17

15

10

Cushing

36

9

9

5

14

14

13

Douglass

36

9

12

6

15

18

9

Zavalla

27

3

13

4

7

17

7

Chireno

20

9

3

4

13

7

11

SCHOOL DISTRICT

EMPLOYED ALL ENROLLED & ENROLLED IN COLLEGE

*Not Located - High school graduates not found either as college enrolled (in a Texas public college or university in the fall semester following graduation) or employed (not found in the 4th quarter of Texas employment data as reported by the Texas Workforce Commission). Source: TPEIR, a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board.

99

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 86. TOP TEXAS PUBLIC COLLEGES & UNIVERSITIES, 2017-2018* BY FALL COLLEGE ENROLLMENT OF DISTRICT HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES, STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIV.

PANOLA COLLEGE

TEXAS A&M UNIV.

SAM HOUSTON STATE UNIV.

BLINN COLLEGE

UNIV. OF TEXAS AT AUSTIN

UNIV. OF TEXAS AT TYLER

131

31

10

7

12

9

Nacogdoches

40

38

6

8

5

Hudson

43

10

8

11

11

Center

5

13

44

Diboll

39

Huntington

24

9

6

Central

31

5

7

15

9

Shelbyville

15

6

West Sabine

16

5

Tenaha

17

Pineywoods

9

5

Woden

9

5

Garrison

7

6

Douglass

10

Cusing

6

6

SCHOOL DISTRICT Lufkin

Central Heights

Hemphill

ANGELINA COLLEGE

Figure 87. TOP INDUSTRIES WHERE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES ARE EMPLOYED, 2017-2018 AVERAGE OF PERCENT OF TOTAL EMPLOYED, Accommodations & Food Services

30%

Retail Trade

27%

Admin. & Support, Waste Mgmt. & Remediation Services

10%

Manufacturing

9%

Health Care & Social Assistance

8%

Construction

7%

Educational Services

6%

Other Services

4%

Wholesale Trade

2%

Information

2%

Transportation & Warehousing

2%

* Institutions with 10 or more students. Source: (Both) TPEIR, a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Note: (Figure 87) Includes all employed students – those employed only and employed/enrolled. Number of students employed is only provided for those industries where five or more are employed.

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

100


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 88. HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2018-2020 COMPLETIONS COMPLETIONS INSTITUTION

CITY

2018

2019

2020

Nacogdoches

2,848

2,848

2,873

Angelina College

Lufkin

1,163

826

860

Academy of Hair Design-Lufkin

Lufkin

46

46

40

TOTAL

4,057

3,720

3,773

Stephen F Austin State University

Figure 89. COMPLETIONS BY AWARD LEVEL, LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION, 2020 STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIV.

INSTITUTION

ANGELINA COLLEGE

ACADEMY OF HAIR DESIGNLUFKIN

Certificates of less than 12 weeks

3

Certificates of at least 12 weeks but less than 1 year

87

3

Certificates of at least 1 but less than 2 years

337

37

Associate’s degree

433

Bachelor’s degree

2,239

627

7

2,873

860

40

Master’s degree Doctor’s degree - research/scholarship TOTAL

Figure 90. ALIGNMENT OF FIELDS OF STUDY AND JOBS, 2020 BY CAREER CLUSTER CAREER CLUSTER

ANNUAL OPENINGS

TOTAL COMPLETIONS

ANGELINA ONLY

Health Science

450

560

219

Education & Training

449

1034

400

Transportation, Distribution & Logistics

238

8

8

Business, Marketing, & Finance

188

548

74

Human Services

148

275

26

Information Technology

48

49

5

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics

44

538

9

Law and Public Service

35

101

22

Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications

30

349

19

Architecture & Construction

21

15

0

Manufacturing

16

78

78

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources

11

140

0

0

38

0

Hospitality & Tourism

Source: (All) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed and National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Notes: (All) Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid. (Figure 90) Annual openings include only entry-level occupations that require a degree program. Completions include only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid.

101

LUFKIN-NACOGDOCHES REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 91. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, ANGELINA COLLEGE, 2020 ASSOCIATE’S DEGREE

CERTIFICATES OF AT LEAST 1 YR. BUT LESS THAN 2 YRS.

CERTIFICATES OF AT LEAST 12 WKS. BUT LESS THAN 1 YR.

CERTIFICATES OF LESS THAN 12 WKS.

CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

24.0101

Liberal Arts & Sciences/Liberal Studies

182

24.0102

General Studies

141

51.3901

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training

76

51.3801

Registered Nursing/Registered Nurse

64

19.0706

Child Development

18

25

3

52.0201

Business Administration & Management, General

42

2

15.0403

Electromechanical/Electromechanical Engineering Tech./Technician

4

1

38

48.0508

Welding Technology/Welder

4

8

8

51.0911

Radiologic Technology/Science - Radiographer

20

13.1206

Teacher Education, Multiple Levels

19

44.0000

Human Services, General

7

3

9

43.0104

Criminal Justice/Safety Studies

13

0

3

50.0401

Design & Visual Communications, General

5

6

3

51.0805

Pharmacy Technician/Assistant

14

51.0909

Surgical Technology/Technologist

14

0

51.0904

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic)

6

7

52.1501

Real Estate

0

13

31.0501

Sports, Kinesiology, & Physical Education/Fitness, General

12

51.0908

Respiratory Care Therapy/Therapist

10

52.0101

Business/Commerce, General

8

2

15.1301

Drafting & Design Technology/Technician, General

7

2

30.0101

Biological & Physical Sciences

9

51.0910

Diagnostic Med. Sonography/Sonographer & Ultrasound Technician

8

19.0708

Child Care & Support Services Management

7

47.0604

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician

7

52.0401

Administrative Assistant & Secretarial Science, General

5

2

22.0302

Legal Assistant/Paralegal

6

11.0101

Computer & Information Sciences, General

4

0

1

15.0303

Electrical, Electronic, & Communications Engineering Tech./Technician

1

3

48.0501

Machine Tool Technology/Machinist

2

0

50.0901

Music, General

2

09.0101

Speech Communication & Rhetoric

1

10.0203

Recording Arts Technology/Technician

0

1

47.0605

Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician

1

50.0701

Art/Art Studies, General

1

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Note: Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for federal financial aid.

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Figure 92. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY, 2020 BACHELOR’S DEGREE

DOCTOR’S DEGREERESEARCH/ SCHOLARSHIP

30.9999 Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, Other

291

7

298

13.0401 Educational Leadership & Administration, General

4

174

178

31.0505 Exercise Science & Kinesiology

146

16

162

85

58

143

102

24

126

72

53

125

119

119

50.0901 Music, General

83

23

106

42.0101 Psychology, General

97

5

102

52.0101 Business/Commerce, General

91

91

52.0201 Business Administration & Management, General

56

19

75

09.0102 Mass Communication/Media Studies

59

14

73

26.0101 Biology/Biological Sciences, General

64

4

68

52.1401 Marketing/Marketing Management, General

66

66

50.0701 Art/Art Studies, General

58

6

64

51.0000 Health Services/Allied Health/Health Sciences, General

59

59

52.0801 Finance, General

59

59

51.0201 Communication Sciences & Disorders, General

54

54

54.0101 History, General

34

6

40

52.0901 Hospitality Administration/Management, General

34

34

13.1001 Special Education & Teaching, General

33

33

50.0501 Drama & Dramatics/Theatre Arts, General

32

32

13.1202 Elementary Education & Teaching

31

31

43.0104 Criminal Justice/Safety Studies

31

31

03.0501 Forestry, General

26

0

3

29

51.2314 Rehabilitation Science

27

27

23.0101 English Language & Literature, General

23

3

26

11.0101 Computer & Information Sciences, General

23

23

13.1210 Early Childhood Education & Teaching

23

23

51.0203 Speech-Language Pathology/Pathologist

23

23

03.0601 Wildlife, Fish & Wildlands Science & Management

22

22

45.1001 Political Science & Government, General

22

22

01.0901 Animal Sciences, General

21

21

11.0103 Information Technology

21

21

40.0601 Geology/Earth Science, General

16

5

21

CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

52.0301 Accounting 19.0101 Family & Consumer Sciences/Human Sciences, General 44.0701 Social Work 51.3801 Registered Nursing/Registered Nurse

MASTER’S DEGREE

GRAND TOTAL

Continued, next page.

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FIGURE 92. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY, 2020 (CONTINUED) BACHELOR’S DEGREE

DOCTOR’S DEGREERESEARCH/ SCHOLARSHIP

03.0104 Environmental Science

14

4

18

14.1201 Engineering Physics/Applied Physics

18

18

23.1302 Creative Writing

17

17

43.0107 Criminal Justice/Police Science

17

17

50.0301 Dance, General

16

16

01.0301 Agricultural Production Operations, General

15

15

13.0101 Education, General

15

15

19.0501 Foods, Nutrition, & Wellness Studies, General

15

15

27.0101 Mathematics, General

15

15

51.0913 Athletic Training/Trainer

15

15

01.0000 Agriculture, General

12

2

14

40.0501 Chemistry, General

14

14

45.1101 Sociology, General

14

14

50.0408 Interior Design

14

14

52.1001 Human Resources Management/Personnel Admin., General

14

14

16.0101 Foreign Languages & Literatures, General

13

13

30.0000 Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, General

13

13

51.1508 Mental Health Counseling/Counselor

13

13

52.0601 Business/Managerial Economics

12

12

52.1101 International Business/Trade/Commerce

12

12

01.0102 Agribusiness/Agricultural Business Operations

10

10

09.0101 Speech Communication & Rhetoric

10

10

51.3805 Family Practice Nurse/Nursing

10

10

9

9

42.2805 School Psychology

3

6

9

51.3101 Dietetics/Dietitian

9

9

52.0501 Business/Corporate Communications, General

9

9

8

8

44.0401 Public Administration

2

6

8

51.0202 Audiology/Audiologist

8

8

45.0701 Geography

7

7

6

6

01.1103 Horticultural Science

5

5

45.0702 Geographic Information Science & Cartography

5

5

4

4

CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

19.0203 Consumer Merchandising/Retailing Management

13.1102 College Student Counseling & Personnel Services

30.0101 Biological & Physical Sciences

27.0503 Mathematics & Statistics

MASTER’S DEGREE

GRAND TOTAL

Continued, next page.

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FIGURE 92. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, STEPHEN F. AUSTIN STATE UNIVERSITY, 2020 (CONTINUED) BACHELOR’S DEGREE

DOCTOR’S DEGREERESEARCH/ SCHOLARSHIP

4

4

01.0201 Agricultural Mechanization, General

3

3

26.0202 Biochemistry

3

3

40.0801 Physics, General

3

3

52.1902 Fashion Merchandising

3

3

03.0506 Forest Management/Forest Resources Management

2

2

09.0907 International & Intercultural Communication

2

2

24.0101 Liberal Arts & Sciences/Liberal Studies

2

2

2

2

38.0101 Philosophy

2

2

52.0803 Banking & Financial Support Services

2

2

01.0907 Poultry Science

1

1

13.1311 Mathematics Teacher Education

1

1

16.0908 Hispanic & Latin American Languages, Lit., & Linguistics, General

1

1

22.0302 Legal Assistant/Paralegal

1

1

45.0601 Economics, General

1

1

50.0703 Art History, Criticism & Conservation

1

1

52.2001 Construction Management, General

1

1

CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

31.0301 Parks, Recreation, & Leisure Facilities Management, General

26.1201 Biotechnology

MASTER’S DEGREE

GRAND TOTAL

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid. Note: Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for federal financial aid.

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

109 109

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


TEXARKANA REGION SUMMARY KEY FINDINGS The Situation

In terms of employment growth, the Texarkana region has consistently underperformed Texas and the US, and never fully recovered from the Great Recession before being hard-hit by Pandemic. Although two of its top industry sectors—retail and government—have been losing jobs, healthcare and manufacturing have made substantial gains. These two sectors are expected to continue to expand, bringing better paying, higher skill jobs to the region and setting the stage for a more robust future.

Economic Drivers The Texarkana region has a small cluster related to forestry and forest products, which shows up in the region’s industry and occupational strengths. Other important economic drivers include healthcare and manufacturing.

Workforce Demand Like the rest of the country, the Texarkana region has experienced a decline of middle-skill, middle-wage jobs, and this trend is expected to continue. These jobs require more than a high school diploma and less than a four-year degree. However, demand for higher skill jobs is growing. In-demand jobs that pay $15 per hour or higher include a wide range of middle- and high-skill

jobs in occupational families such as healthcare practitioners, education & training, transportation, and maintenance and repair. Most of the highskill occupations face below average automation risk; middle-skill occupations are more likely to face higher than average automation risk.

Educational Infrastructure and Alignment The region has 20 school districts and two public higher education institutions. Of the 1,400 high school graduates that can be tracked, about 70 percent are employed and 58 percent are enrolled in a postsecondary program. Of the students that are employed, about two-thirds work in retail or accommodations and food services. Of the students that are enrolled, the top destinations are Texarkana College, Northeast Texas Community College, and Texas A&MTexarkana. Texarkana College is the largest source of talent in the region, and Texas A&MTexarkana is a great source for talent with fouryear degrees or higher. These two institutions graduate about 1,300 students, which is fewer than the number of entry-level openings requiring a postsecondary degree. In other words, the talent pipeline from regional institutions falls short of demand. In particular, the regional postsecondary institutions are graduating only about 30 percent of the entry-level workers needed for health science and about 70 percent of the workers needed for education & training programs.

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COUNTIES

EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY Healthcare Retail Trade Government Education Accommodation & Food Services Manufacturing Construction Other Services (except Public Administration) Administrative & Support Services Transportation & Warehousing Wholesale Trade Finance & Insurance Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Management of Companies & Enterprises Utilities Information Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction

KEY STATISTICS

166,528 Population (2019)

-0.2%

Population Change (2014-2019)

68,083 Jobs (2020)

39,571

Openings (2021-2026)

10,891 8,228 7,558 6,746 6,626 5,581 3,620 3,615 2,974 2,940 2,474 1,808 1,478 896 759 528 427 317 314 301

TOP HIGH-DEMAND, HIGH-WAGE JOBS* OCCUPATION

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

1. Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

864

2. First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers

491

3. Registered Nurses

476

4. First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

450

5. General & Operations Managers

384

6. Correctional Officers & Jailers

335

7. Medical Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

319

8. Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

310

9. Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

304

10. Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

301

11. Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

300

12. Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

289

13. Secondary School Teachers, Except Special & Career/Tech. Education

266

14. First-Line Supervisors of Office & Administrative Support Workers

250

15. Project Mgmt. Specialists & Business Operations Specialists, All Other

242

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Page 110 header image by Jay Brittain. * Includes only occupations that pay more than $15.00 an hour and require some kind of postsecondary education.

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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS Texarkana region currently has an • The employment base of 68,083 jobs. Between

2019 and 2020, the regional employment base contracted by 3.2 percent. However, it had never fully recovered from the Great Recession.

retail trade; and government are • Healthcare; the largest sectors in the region. Within the

government sector, the federal government (civilian), which includes the Bureau of Prisons, is the largest segment. Healthcare; accommodation and food services; and manufacturing are expected to be the largest sources of employment growth over the next five years.

2016 and 2019, the region experienced • Between a net loss of 94 jobs. Between 2019 and 2020, the region lost more than 2,000 jobs. Government; other services; and retail trade were the biggest losers. Healthcare; manufacturing; and construction were the biggest winners.

quotients (LQs) measure the share of • Location local industry employment relative to the nation.

A high location quotient can be an indicator of a potential competitive advantage. In the Texarkana region, government; utilities; and accommodations and food services have above average LQs. A more granular look at industry concentrations at a finer level of detail shows a degree of specialization in forestry and forest products. Other high LQs are rubber product manufacturing—as the region is the location of a large Cooper Tire & Rubber Company tire manufacturing facility—as well as fabricated metal product manufacturing, and home healthcare.

sectors that are expected to grow the most • The over the next five years and pay the highest wages are healthcare; manufacturing; and construction.

serves as the primary employment • Texarkana center for the three-county region. employers include hospitals, • Major federal and state correctional facilities, and forest products manufacturers.

Image courtesy TLL Temple oF undation

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DATA ANALYSIS 70,328

70,585

70,479

68,951

68,311

69,676

70,407

69,632

69,386

70,313

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

68,083

70,593 2009

2020

72,308 2008

Figure 93. TOTAL EMPLOYMENT, TEXARKANA REGION, 2008-2020

Figure 94. COMPARATIVE EMPLOYMENT GROWTH, 2008=100 Texarkana Texas US

120

119 116

109

110

104

100

97 94

90

2020

2019

2018

2017

2016

2015

2014

2013

2012

2011

2010

r

2009

Imeag esycourt TLL Temple Foundatio

2008

80 Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

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Figure 95. EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY, TEXARKANA REGION Healthcare Retail Trade Government Education Accommodation & Food Services Manufacturing Construction Other Services (except Public Administration) Administrative & Support Services Transportation & Warehousing Wholesale Trade Finance & Insurance Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Management of Companies & Enterprises Utilities Information Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction

2020 Change 2021-2026 -500

1,500

3,500

5,500

7,500

9,500

11,500

13,500

Figure 96. EMPLOYMENT CHANGE BY INDUSTRY, TEXARKANA REGION Healthcare Manufacturing Construction Accommodation & Food Services Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Education Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Management of Companies & Enterprises Utilities Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Transportation & Warehousing Wholesale Trade Finance & Insurance Information Administrative & Support Services Retail Trade Other Services (except Public Administration) Government

2016-2019 2019-2020 -1,000

-500

0

500

1,000

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Healthcare includes public hospitals and education includes public schools and higher education institutions.

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Figure 97. INDUSTRY LOCATION QUOTIENTS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2020 Government Utilities Accommodation & Food Services Retail Trade Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Healthcare Education Transportation & Warehousing Manufacturing Other Services (except Public Administration) Wholesale Trade Construction Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Administrative & Support Services Finance & Insurance Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Management of Companies & Enterprises Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Information

1.39 1.35 1.29 1.24 1.19 1.17

1.09 1.08 1.05 1.02 1.00 0.92 0.91 0.77 0.72 0.63

▼ Below Average

0.51 0.43 0.32 0.25

Figure 98. INDUSTRY STRENGTHS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2020 TOP 15 INDUSTRY LOCATION QUOTIENTS

NAICS DESCRIPTION

2020 LOCATION QUOTIENT

▲ Above Average

Location quotients (LQs) are ratios of an area’s share of employment by industry relative to the US’s. If an LQ is equal to 1, then the industry has the same share of its area employment as it does in the nation. An LQ greater than 1 indicates an industry with a greater share of the local area employment than is the case nationwide.

2020 JOBS

2020 PAYROLLED BUSINESS LOCATIONS

AVG. EARNINGS PER JOB

3262

Rubber Product Manufacturing

23.79

1,295

1

$85,796

4882

Support Activities for Rail Transportation

21.04

320

5

$73,082

3221

Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard Mills

11.78

473

2

$106,814

1133

Logging

11.77

361

33

$60,592

3313

Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing

8.28

203

3

$71,216

3211

Sawmills and Wood Preservation

8.24

327

10

$70,699

6223

Specialty (except Psychiatric and Substance Abuse) Hospitals

6.15

622

2

$57,123

3329

Other Fabricated Metal Product Manufacturing

5.87

670

11

$63,314

4231

Motor Vehicle & Parts/Supplies Merchant Wholesalers

5.20

784

21

$60,609

2123

Nonmetallic Mineral Mining and Quarrying

5.00

207

3

$61,342

3212

Veneer, Plywood, and Engineered Wood Product Manufacturing

3.82

130

2

$57,057

5322

Consumer Goods Rental

3.56

198

18

$43,718

4881

Support Activities for Air Transportation

3.16

295

9

$112,911

6216

Home Health Care Services

3.13

2,086

34

$34,269

5612

Facilities Support Services

3.00

204

4

$16,208

Source (Both): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Healthcare includes public hospitals and education includes public schools and higher education institutions.

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Figure 99. INDUSTRY GROWTH AND WAGES, TEXARKANA REGION TOP 10 INDUSTRIES $90,000 $80,000 Manufacturing

$70,000

Government

Transportation & Warehousing

Average Earnings per Job

$60,000 Construction

$50,000

Healthcare Retail Trade

Education $40,000 $30,000

Other Services (except Public Administration)

$20,000

Administrative & Support Services

Accommodation & Food Services

$10,000 $0 -1,000

-750

-500

-250 0 Projected Change: 2021-2026

250

500

750

1,000

Figure 100. EMPLOYMENT CENTERS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2018 JOB DENSITY BY CENSUS BLOCK

BOWIE MILLER

CASS

Source: (Figure 99) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. (Figure 100) US Census Bureau, LEHD OriginDestination Employment Statistics.

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Figure 101. TOP EMPLOYERS, TEXARKANA REGION TEXAS ONLY NAME

CITY

SIZE

CHRISTUS St Michael Health

Texarkana

1,000-4,999

International Paper Co

Queen City

1,000-4,999

State of Texas Telford Unit

New Boston

500-999

Atlanta

500-999

Wadley Regional Medical Ctr

Texarkana

500-999

Bi-State Justice Building

Texarkana

250-499

Federal Correctional Institute

Texarkana

250-499

Ledwell & Son Truck Body

Texarkana

250-499

Life Net

Texarkana

250-499

Lone Star Div

Texarkana

250-499

Atlanta

250-499

Mayo Manufacturing Corp

Texarkana

250-499

Texarkana College

Texarkana

250-499

Atlanta

250-499

United Steelworkers

Queen City

250-499

USPS

Texarkana

250-499

Walmart Supercenter

Texarkana

250-499

Walmart Supercenter

Atlanta

250-499

Texarkana

100-249

Wake Village

100-249

Texarkana

100-249

New Boston

100-249

Best Buy

Texarkana

100-249

Bi-State Jail

Texarkana

100-249

Bowie County Correctional Ctr

Texarkana

100-249

United Steelworkers

Lone Star Timber

Transportation Department

Adult Services Albertsons Attorney General Texas BAE Systems Platform Solutions

Source: Texas Labor Market Information, Texas Workforce Commission.

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120 120


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TEXARKANA REGION LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS

121 121

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS Texarkana region has a labor force of about • The 71,000 individuals who are either employed or actively looking for work. Though the number of participants plunged during the economic shutdown in the first months of the Pandemic, it had almost recovered by May 2021. Within the region, Bowie and Cass Counties’ labor forces had not yet recovered in May while Miller County’s labor force had expanded.

the number of participants in the • Although labor force had stabilized, unemployment still

remained extremely high in May 2021 with Bowie and Cass County unemployment rates still more than 40 percent above its pre-Pandemic level. Miller County, on the other hand, had only a slightly elevated unemployment rate by May.

back to 2008, the Texarkana region’s • Looking was at or below the US rate until 2016 when the regional unemployment rate stayed flat while the US and Texas rates continued to fall.

terms of characteristics of the working age • Inpopulation (age 25 to 64), the Texarkana area

has a relatively large Black or African American

population both in comparison to the state and the US but has a much smaller Hispanic/ Latino population in comparison to Texas. The age distribution of the regional working age population is similar to that of the nation, which skews older than that of the state. The region has a much larger share of workers with only a high school diploma and with some college or an associate’s degree. Only 22 percent of the population 25 to 64 in the labor force has a bachelor’s degree or higher, which is significantly lower than that of the state and the nation.

of the educational requirements • Aof comparison jobs and the educational attainment of the

population 25 to 64 in the labor force shows that about two-thirds of the jobs in the region require a high school diploma or less. Yet, 58 percent of the workers have more than a high school diploma. This means than some workers with postsecondary education are working in jobs for which they are overqualified. The number of workers with a bachelor’s degree or higher is fairly well-aligned with the number of jobs that require such a credential.

Image by Renelibrary via

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DATA ANALYSIS Figure 102. LABOR MARKET SUMMARY, TEXARKANA REGION, FEBRUARY 2020 TO MAY 2021 FEB 2020

APRIL 2020

MAY 2021

CHANGE (Feb. 2020 to May 2021)

Labor Force

71,394

68,138

71,092

-0.4%

Employment

68,302

59,176

66,849

-2.1%

Unemployment

3,092

8,962

4,243

+37.2%

4.3

13.2

6.0

+37.8%

Labor Force

39,530

36,751

39,172

-0.9%

Employment

37,866

31,719

36,838

-2.7%

Unemployment

1,664

5,032

2,334

+40.3%

4.2

13.7

6.0

+42.9%

Labor Force

12,261

11,741

12,218

-0.4%

Employment

11,721

10,420

11,355

-3.1%

Unemployment

540

1,321

863

+59.8%

Unemployment Rate

4.4

11.3

7.1

+61.4%

Labor Force

19,603

19,646

19,702

+0.5%

Employment

18,715

17,037

18,656

-0.3%

Unemployment

888

2,609

1,046

+17.8%

Unemployment Rate

4.5

13.3

5.3

+17.8%

GEOGRAPHY TEXARKANA REGION

Unemployment Rate BOWIE COUNTY

Unemployment Rate CASS COUNTY

MILLER COUNTY, AR

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Figure 103. COMPARATIVE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES, 2008-2020 Texarkana Region

12.0

Texas

US

10.0

8.0

6.0

4.0

2.0

0.0 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

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Figure 104. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY RACE POPULATION 16+ White

Black

Texarkana Region

Asian

Other

71%

23%

4%

Texas

75%

12%

5%

8%

US

74%

12%

6%

8%

Figure 105. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY ETHNICITY POPULATION 16+ White alone, not Hispanic or Latino

Texarkana Region

Some other race, not Hispanic or Latino

Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race)

Texas

36%

19%

45%

US

Figure 106. WORKING AGE POPULATION BY AGE POPULATION 16+ 16-24

14%

Texas

25-34

17%

17%

US

35-54

55+

32%

37%

19%

15%

34%

17%

30%

32%

36%

Figure 107. WORKERS BY EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT POPULATION 25 TO 64 IN THE LABOR FORCE Less than high school graduate

Texarkana Region TX US

High school diploma

7%

Some college or associate's degree

34% 13%

8%

16%

21%

63%

Texarkana Region

5%

27%

68%

Bachelor's degree or higher

36%

23%

22%

30%

24%

34%

30%

37%

Figure 108. COMPARISON OF EDUCATION LEVEL OF WORKERS AND JOBS TEXARKANA REGION High School or Less

Workers Jobs

Some College or Associate's Degree

42%

Bachelor's Degree or higher

36% 66%

22% 13%

21%

Note: (Figure 108) Workers are defined as the working age population (age 25 to 64). Sources: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey 5-year Estimates, 2019 and Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

125

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TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

126 126


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

TEXARKANA REGION WORKFORCE DEMAND

127 127

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS largest occupational families in the • The Texarkana region are office and administrative

support; sales and related; and transportation and material moving. The largest sources of growth are expected to be food preparation; healthcare support; and management. Office and administrative support occupations are expected to lose jobs over the next 5 years.

Prior to the Pandemic, the occupational families that gained the most jobs were educational instruction and library; management; and business and financial operations. The occupational families that lost the most jobs were office and administrative support; installation, maintenance, and repair; and sales and related. During the Pandemic, the hardest hit occupations were food preparation and serving; office and administrative support; and sales and related.

LQs show the share of • Occupational occupational employment relative to the

nation. LQs above 1 indicate a higher share of occupational employment in comparison to the nation. In the Texarkana region, the occupational LQs that are above average are installation, maintenance, and repair and food preparation. The detailed occupations with the highest LQs reflect the region’s forest and forest products cluster, various production occupations related to the manufacturing that takes place in the region, and maintenance occupations to maintain the related machinery.

skill level of occupations is determined by • The the education required for entry, the experience

required, and the level of on-the-job training. Low-skill jobs are those that require a high school diploma or less, no experience, and minimal on-the-job training. Middle-skill jobs require more than a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree. High-skill jobs require a bachelor’s degree or higher. In the Texarkana region, the share of middle-skill jobs is slightly larger than that of the state and nation while the share of high-skill jobs is somewhat smaller.

2008, the number of low and middle• Since skill jobs had declined but is expected to grow over the next 5 years. The number of highskill jobs has grown significantly in recent years and is expected to continue to grow.

high-skill occupations that are highest • The in-demand include nurses and various

management; business and operations; and education and training occupations. With the exception of substitute teachers, all of these occupations pay more than $20 an hour and three meet the threshold for high wage with median hourly earnings above $45. More than half of the occupations face a high degree of retirement exposure but few face above average risk of automation.

middle-skill occupations that are highest • The in-demand include various first-line supervisors; maintenance and repair occupations; and skilled trades and production-related occupations. With just a few exceptions, these occupations earn more than $15 an hour. The workers in these occupations tend to be younger with fewer workers nearing retirement and more face above average risk of automation.

wage level of occupations is determined • The by the average hourly earnings. Low-wage jobs

are those that have average hourly earnings less than $15.00. Middle-wage jobs have average hourly earnings between $15.00 and $45.00. High-wage jobs have average hourly earnings more than $45.00. The Texarkana region has a relatively high share of low-wage jobs in comparison to the US and a relatively low share of high-wage jobs. About 60 percent of jobs pay, on average, between $15 and $45 per hour.

2008, the number of middle-wage jobs • Since declined while the number of high and low-

wage jobs has increased. Over the next five years, the number of middle-wage jobs is expected to continue to stay relatively flat while lowwage and high-wage jobs continue to grow.

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128


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

region has very few high-wage, high• The demand jobs. Only six occupations meet the

threshold for high wage—these are airline pilots, nurse practitioners; financial manager; lawyers; pharmacists; and physical therapists. All of these jobs face lower than average automation risk. Due to the small number of workers in these occupations, retirement exposure cannot be determined except for lawyers (high risk) and pharmacists (not too bad).

middle-wage jobs that are highest in • The demand include truck drivers and other

transportation/warehouse workers, various office and administrative workers, and nurses. More than half of these occupations face a high degree of retirement exposure and

129

higher than average automation risk.

posting activity, a real-time indicator of • Job workforce demand, has recovered to its pre-

Pandemic levels. Since September 2020, the number of unique job postings has been above 5,000 and progressively increasing until a seasonal drop-off in June. In May 2021, there were more job postings than unemployed people. The companies with the most unique job postings were Christus Health, Wal-Mart, and General Dynamics. The top occupations were truck drivers, registered nurses, and customer service representatives. The top industries were retail trade, transportation and warehousing, and health care and social assistance.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 109. EMPLOYMENT BY OCCUPATION, TEXARKANA REGION Office & Administrative Support Sales & Related Transportation & Material Moving Food Preparation & Serving Related Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Production Educational Instruction & Library Healthcare Support Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Construction & Extraction Management Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Business & Financial Operations Protective Service Personal Care & Service Community & Social Service Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Architecture & Engineering Computer & Mathematical Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Legal Life, Physical, & Social Science

2020 Jobs Change 2021-2026

Military-only -500

500

1,500

2,500

3,500

4,500

5,500

6,500

7,500

8,500

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 110. EMPLOYMENT CHANGE BY OCCUPATION, TEXARKANA REGION Educational Instruction & Library Management Business & Financial Operations Transportation & Material Moving Community & Social Service Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance Healthcare Support Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media Food Preparation & Serving Related Production Life, Physical, & Social Science Construction & Extraction Architecture & Engineering Healthcare Practitioners & Technical Farming, Fishing, & Forestry Legal Computer & Mathematical Military-only Protective Service Personal Care & Service Sales & Related Installation, Maintenance, & Repair

2016-2019

Office & Administrative Support

2019-2020 -2,000

-1,500

-1,000

-500

0

500

1,000

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

Imeag by ReneLariby via

131

Wikimeda Comons

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 111. OCCUPATIONAL LOCATION QUOTIENTS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2020 Installation, Maintenance, & Repair

1.34

Food Preparation & Serving Related

1.28

Production

1.23

Protective Service

1.23

Healthcare Practitioners & Technical

1.22

Healthcare Support

1.20

Transportation & Material Moving

1.17

Building & Grounds Cleaning & Maintenance

1.15

Educational Instruction & Library

1.15

Community & Social Service

1.09

Sales & Related

1.08

Farming, Fishing, & Forestry

1.03

Construction & Extraction

0.97

Office & Administrative Support

0.91

Personal Care & Service

0.72

Legal

0.63

Business & Financial Operations Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, & Media

▼ Below Average

0.74

Management

Life, Physical, & Social Science

▲ Above Average

0.60 0.55 0.51

Figure 112. OCCUPATIONAL STRENGTHS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2020 TOP 15 OCCUPATIONAL LOCATION QUOTIENTS 2020 LOCATION QUOTIENT

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

45-4022

Logging Equipment Operators

11.17

190

149

$20.31

51-2031

Engine & Other Machine Assemblers

8.49

177

77

$21.03

49-3042

Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines

6.80

479

213

$28.61

51-9196

Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, & Tenders

6.68

285

114

$22.15

47-5071

Roustabouts, Oil & Gas

6.18

119

68

$34.62

51-7041

Sawing Machine Setters, Operators, & Tenders, Wood

5.95

128

87

$14.80

33-3012

Correctional Officers & Jailers

4.86

839

335

$19.52

51-9041

Extruding, Forming, Pressing, & Compacting Machine Setters, Oper., & Tenders

4.74

133

62

$22.31

49-9098

Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, & Repair Workers

3.71

148

96

$11.44

51-4121

Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

3.28

599

301

$19.28

53-3031

Driver/Sales Workers

3.10

595

311

$11.17

43-9051

Mail Clerks & Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service

2.89

105

49

$15.37

29-2061

Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

2.76

834

300

$18.62

49-9041

Industrial Machinery Mechanics

2.61

446

215

$27.58

43-4071

File Clerks

2.46

102

52

$15.23

Source: (Both) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed.

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 113. COMPARATIVE JOBS BY SKILL LEVEL, 2021 Low Texarkana Region

Middle

High

40%

Texas

38%

US

37%

39%

21%

36%

26%

35%

28%

Figure 114. JOBS BY SKILL LEVEL, TEXARKANA REGION, 2008-2026 Low

115

Middle

High PROJECTION ▶

110

105

100

95

90

85

80 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

Source: (Both) Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: (Figure 113) Low-skill jobs require a high school diploma or less, no experience, and minimal on-the-job training. Middle-skill jobs require more than a high school diploma but less than a four-year degree. High-skill jobs require a bachelor’s degree or higher.

133

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 115. HIGH-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

1,889

476

$31.66

87.5

25%

85.3

11-1021 General & Operations Managers

860

384

$36.16

72.9

24%

82.2

25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

852

310

$22.16

75.8

21%

82.3

25-1099 Postsecondary Teachers

541

225

$31.16

84.6

31%

86.6

13-1198 Project Management Specialists & Business Operations Specialists, All Other

564

242

$32.27

86.8

27%

86.8

771

266

$24.11

79.9

22%

84.9

13-2011 Accountants & Auditors

413

187

$29.10

82.3

30%

93.1

25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term

414

218

$10.43

73.8

27%

83.3

25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

391

141

$22.51

77.1

21%

84.5

11-9111 Medical & Health Services Managers

218

108

$39.14

78.8

29%

75.2

21-2011 Clergy

186

110

$21.89

89.0

46%

75.3

11-9198 Personal Service Mgrs., All Other; Entertainment & Recreation Mgrs., Except Gambling; & Mgrs., All Other

229

94

$27.68

68.8

32%

84.5

11-9021 Construction Managers

215

94

$29.08

76.7

30%

88.6

11-9032 Education Administrators, Kindergarten through Secondary

248

91

$35.56

75.3

29%

79.2

13-1071 Human Resources Specialists

189

87

$24.35

79.8

83.8

13-1111 Management Analysts

142

74

$32.22

76.2

38%

91.1

13-1028 Buyers & Purchasing Agents

158

69

$28.47

89.8

32%

93.4

21-1022 Healthcare Social Workers

136

66

$29.49

106.4

83.5

21-1012 Educational, Guidance, & Career Counselors & Advisors

127

59

$25.87

92.8

80.0

53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, & Flight Engineers

122

59

$75.78

98.5

91.5

29-1171 Nurse Practitioners

113

56

$56.05

104.6

83.2

11-3031 Financial Managers

133

55

$45.92

71.7

85.8

21-1021 Child, Family, & School Social Workers

105

56

$22.92

98.4

83.7

41-3031 Securities, Commodities, & Financial Services Sales Agents

112

47

$24.96

80.5

92.8

13-2072 Loan Officers

136

48

$37.02

120.5

91.7

SOC

DESCRIPTION

29-1141 Registered Nurses

25-2031

Secondary School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

AUTOMATION INDEX

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 116. MIDDLE-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

2020 JOBS

DESCRIPTION

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

53-3032 Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

864

1,681

$23.29

103.3

34%

110.1

35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant

693

756

$11.84

85.7

12%

125.0

31-1131 Nursing Assistants

501

965

$13.02

88.0

20%

97.0

35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Prep. & Serving Workers

491

631

$15.73

94.9

13%

107.7

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

450

874

$18.08

93.4

19%

87.8

43-6013 Medical Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

319

606

$15.65

87.2

29%

93.1

25-9045 Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary

363

722

$10.17

73.2

25%

89.7

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

335

839

$19.52

85.6

15%

90.5

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

304

572

$15.04

73.8

38%

103.6

49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

289

549

$15.81

80.6

30%

109.6

51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

301

599

$19.28

91.2

18%

121.4

29-2061 Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

300

834

$18.62

79.5

25%

84.8

43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers

250

515

$23.62

84.2

26%

91.8

49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines

213

479

$28.61

108.7

24%

109.6

49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics

215

446

$27.58

103.7

27%

109.8

47-2031 Carpenters

218

420

$16.14

73.6

22%

125.9

31-9092 Medical Assistants

194

335

$13.78

80.0

97.3

41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale & Manufacturing, Except Technical & Scientific Products

188

365

$26.15

88.4

29%

91.5

49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians & Mechanics

180

378

$18.35

91.4

105.9

39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, & Cosmetologists

180

323

$11.87

89.8

16%

98.0

51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, & Weighers

159

305

$20.35

104.5

24%

106.1

47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades & Extraction Workers

178

338

$26.08

82.1

31%

106.2

47-2111 Electricians

176

311

$22.21

82.6

21%

110.3

51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production & Operating Workers

157

302

$29.93

99.4

24%

88.6

25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education

148

303

$11.94

78.3

15%

81.5

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

135

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 117. LOW-SKILL HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

35-3023 Fast Food & Counter Workers

2,721

2,747

$9.57

83.5

11%

130.8

41-2031 Retail Salespersons

1,740

2,459

$10.45

80.2

21%

93.4

41-2011 Cashiers

1,522

1,812

$9.84

81.8

14%

105.5

31-1128 Home Health & Personal Care Aides

1,679

1,959

$9.47

72.9

33%

93.6

35-3031 Waiters & Waitresses

999

917

$9.07

79.4

7%

129.8

37-2011 Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

896

1,249

$11.88

85.0

32%

122.5

53-7062 Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

666

955

$14.98

100.3

15%

117.2

43-9061 Office Clerks, General

685

1,242

$14.56

85.8

31%

102.0

53-7065 Stockers & Order Fillers

601

954

$12.15

86.6

18%

112.3

37-2012 Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

519

738

$10.26

82.5

25%

124.5

37-3011 Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers

423

617

$12.49

84.0

24%

129.1

43-4051 Customer Service Representatives

367

599

$13.92

80.9

20%

96.4

43-6014 Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, & Executive

345

687

$14.32

76.8

35%

91.4

53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers

311

595

$11.17

83.2

24%

109.1

39-9011 Childcare Workers

333

516

$9.84

83.8

21%

88.0

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers

308

538

$13.34

75.0

30%

112.9

47-2061 Construction Laborers

296

525

$13.64

78.4

18%

131.9

43-4171 Receptionists & Information Clerks

249

396

$11.15

74.6

25%

94.2

35-9011 Dining Room & Cafeteria Attendants & Bartender Helpers

231

236

$10.04

83.5

15%

130.6

53-3058 Passenger Vehicle Drivers, Except Bus Drivers, Transit & Intercity

210

354

$12.08

80.8

44%

99.9

53-7051 Industrial Truck & Tractor Operators

204

371

$18.75

103.9

17%

119.5

35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food

172

259

$10.26

87.7

134.1

43-4081 Hotel, Motel, & Resort Desk Clerks

208

207

$10.30

84.0

104.0

43-3071 Tellers

177

381

$13.55

86.4

21%

102.3

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers

189

208

$10.50

83.8

16%

129.1

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

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Figure 118. COMPARATIVE JOBS BY WAGE LEVEL, 2021 Low Texarkana Region

Middle

High

36%

Texas

61%

25%

US

3%

64%

18%

10%

70%

12%

Figure 119. JOBS BY WAGE LEVEL, TEXARKANA REGION, 2008-2026 Low

150

Middle

High

PROJECTION ▶

140 130 120 110 100 90 80 2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

2024

2025

2026

Figure 120. HIGH-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

53-2011 Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers

59

122

$75.78

98.5

91.5

29-1171 Nurse Practitioners

56

113

$56.05

104.6

83.2

11-3031 Financial Managers

55

133

$45.92

71.7

85.8

23-1011 Lawyers

35

158

$40.05

67.9

41%

81.1

29-1051 Pharmacists

37

194

$66.52

107.6

20%

89.1

29-1123 Physical Therapists

39

145

$50.96

117.0

85.5

Source (All): Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Notes: Low-wage jobs are those that have average hourly earnings less than $15.00. Middle wage jobs have average hourly earnings between $15.00 and $45.00. High-wage jobs have average hourly earnings more than $45.00. Figure 120 includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-than-average risk of automation.

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Figure 121. MIDDLE-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

DESCRIPTION

2020 JOBS

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS OVER 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

53-3032 Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers

864

1,681

$23.29

103.3

34%

110.1

53-7062 Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

666

955

$14.98

100.3

15%

117.2

43-9061 Office Clerks, General

685

1,242

$14.56

85.8

31%

102.0

35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Prep. & Serving Workers

491

631

$15.73

94.9

13%

107.7

29-1141 Registered Nurses

476

1,889

$31.66

87.5

25%

85.3

41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers

450

874

$18.08

93.4

19%

87.8

11-1021 General & Operations Managers

384

860

$36.16

72.9

24%

82.2

43-4051 Customer Service Representatives

367

599

$13.92

80.9

20%

96.4

43-6014 Secretaries & Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, & Executive

345

687

$14.32

76.8

35%

91.4

43-6013 Medical Secretaries & Administrative Assistants

319

606

$15.65

87.2

29%

93.1

33-3012 Correctional Officers & Jailers

335

839

$19.52

85.6

15%

90.5

53-3033 Light Truck Drivers

308

538

$13.34

75.0

30%

112.9

43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, & Auditing Clerks

304

572

$15.04

73.8

38%

103.6

49-9071 Maintenance & Repair Workers, General

289

549

$15.81

80.6

30%

109.6

25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education

310

852

$22.16

75.8

21%

82.3

47-2061 Construction Laborers

296

525

$13.64

78.4

18%

131.9

51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, & Brazers

301

599

$19.28

91.2

18%

121.4

29-2061 Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses

300

834

$18.62

79.5

25%

84.8

43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers

250

515

$23.62

84.2

26%

91.8

25-1099 Postsecondary Teachers

225

541

$31.16

84.6

31%

86.6

13-1198 Project Management Specialists & Business Operations Specialists, All Other

242

564

$32.27

86.8

27%

86.8

25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special & Career/ Technical Education

266

771

$24.11

79.9

22%

84.9

49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines

213

479

$28.61

108.7

24%

109.6

49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics

215

446

$27.58

103.7

27%

109.8

47-2031 Carpenters

218

420

$16.14

73.6

22%

125.9

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 122. LOW-WAGE HIGH-DEMAND OCCUPATIONS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2021-2026 BY OPENINGS

SOC

2020 JOBS

DESCRIPTION

OPENINGS (2021-2026)

REGIONAL MEDIAN HOURLY EARNINGS

REGIONAL MEDIAN/ US MEDIAN EARNINGS

PERCENT WORKERS > 55

AUTOMATION INDEX

35-3023 Fast Food & Counter Workers

2,721

2,747

$9.57

83.5

11%

130.8

41-2031 Retail Salespersons

1,740

2,459

$10.45

80.2

21%

93.4

41-2011 Cashiers

1,522

1,812

$9.84

81.8

14%

105.5

31-1128 Home Health & Personal Care Aides

1,679

1,959

$9.47

72.9

33%

93.6

35-3031 Waiters & Waitresses

999

917

$9.07

79.4

7%

129.8

37-2011 Janitors & Cleaners, Except Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

896

1,249

$11.88

85.0

32%

122.5

35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant

693

756

$11.84

85.7

12%

125.0

53-7065 Stockers & Order Fillers

601

954

$12.15

86.6

18%

112.3

37-2012 Maids & Housekeeping Cleaners

519

738

$10.26

82.5

25%

124.5

31-1131 Nursing Assistants

501

965

$13.02

88.0

20%

97.0

37-3011 Landscaping & Groundskeeping Workers

423

617

$12.49

84.0

24%

129.1

25-9045 Teaching Assistants, Except Postsecondary

363

722

$10.17

73.2

25%

89.7

53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers

311

595

$11.17

83.2

24%

109.1

39-9011 Childcare Workers

333

516

$9.84

83.8

21%

88.0

43-4171 Receptionists & Information Clerks

249

396

$11.15

74.6

25%

94.2

35-9011 Dining Room & Cafeteria Attendants & Bartender Helpers

231

236

$10.04

83.5

15%

130.6

31-9092 Medical Assistants

194

335

$13.78

80.0

97.3

53-3058 Passenger Vehicle Drivers, Except Bus Drivers, Transit & Intercity

210

354

$12.08

80.8

44%

99.9

35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food

172

259

$10.26

87.7

134.1

43-4081 Hotel, Motel, & Resort Desk Clerks

208

207

$10.30

84.0

104.0

43-3071 Tellers

177

381

$13.55

86.4

21%

102.3

35-2021 Food Preparation Workers

189

208

$10.50

83.8

16%

129.1

25-3031 Substitute Teachers, Short-Term

218

414

$10.43

73.8

27%

83.3

35-9021 Dishwashers

160

174

$10.00

82.4

18%

136.4

35-3011 Bartenders

146

146

$10.01

83.4

121.3

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed. Note: Includes only occupations with greater than 100 jobs in 2020. The automation index captures an occupation’s risk of being affected by automation. An automation index greater than 100 indicates a higher-than-average risk of automation; an automation index less than 100 indicates a lower-thanaverage risk of automation.

139

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3,772

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE 5,919 5,912 Jul-21

7,567 May-21 Jun-21

7,529

7,098

6,730

7,372

Apr-21

Mar-21

6,188

5,883 Jan-21 Feb-21

5,793

5,302

5,470

5,079

4,841

5,410

5,326

5,545

Dec-20

Nov-20

Oct-20

Sep-20

Aug-20

4,506

4,308

Jun-20 Jul-20

4,357

3,966

4,379

4,128

4,460

4,385

4,724

4,710

May-20

Apr-20

Mar-20

Feb-20

Jan-20

Dec-19

Nov-19

Oct-19

Sep-19

Aug-19

Jul-19

Jun-19

May-19

Apr-19

5,093

4,864

Feb-19 Mar-19

4,761

Jan-19

T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 123. JOB POSTING ACTIVITY, TEXARKANA REGION, JANUARY 2019-JULY 2021 MONTHLY UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS

Source: Emsi 2021.2 Job Posting Analytics.

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Figure 124. JOB POSTING CHARACTERISTICS, TEXARKANA REGION, JUNE 2020-JUNE 2021 UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY COMPANY COMPANY Christus Health Wal-Mart, Inc. General Dynamics Corporation Dollar General Corporation Encompass Health U.S. Xpress, Inc. CRST International, Inc. Red Carpet Employment Agency, Inc. Steward Health Care System LLC GPM Investments, LLC Care.com, Inc. Sonic Drive-In COMPASS GROUP PLC Doordash United Parcel Service, Inc. Lowe's Companies, Inc. Iasis Healthcare Corporation Uber Eats Express Employment Professionals Assurance IQ, LLC

UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY INDUSTRY

POSTINGS 779 628 389 335 309 307 238 205 202 195 190 188 182 181 180 167 164 148 143 140

INDUSTRY Retail Trade Transportation & Warehousing Health Care & Social Assistance Admin. & Support & Waste Mgmt. & Remediation Services Accommodation & Food Services Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services Manufacturing Finance & Insurance Public Administration Educational Services Information Construction Other Services (except Public Administration) Wholesale Trade Real Estate & Rental & Leasing Utilities Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting Arts, Entertainment, & Recreation Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction Management of Companies & Enterprises

POSTINGS 4,663 4,209 3,539 3,203 2,509 1,844 1,039 831 681 556 536 509 463 373 240 115 81 72 18 17

UNIQUE JOB POSTINGS BY OCCUPATION OCCUPATION Heavy & Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers Registered Nurses Customer Service Representatives First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers Retail Salespersons Stockers & Order Fillers Fast Food & Counter Workers Light Truck Drivers Cashiers First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation & Serving Workers Insurance Sales Agents Maintenance & Repair Workers, General Cooks, Restaurant Home Health & Personal Care Aides Licensed Practical & Licensed Vocational Nurses First-Line Supervisors of Office & Admin. Support Workers Computer User Support Specialists Driver/Sales Workers General & Operations Managers Laborers & Freight, Stock, & Material Movers, Hand

141

POSTINGS 4,845 1,937 1,527 1,111 1,031 751 698 553 549 460 417 408 353 339 323 322 319 299 287 277

Imeag esycourt TLL Temple Foundatio

r

Source: (All) Emsi 2021.2 Job Posting Analytics.

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

142 142


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

TEXARKANA REGION EDUCATION AND TRAINING INFRASTRUCTURE

143 143

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE


T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS the Texas side of the Texarkana region, there • On are 20 school districts that graduate more than

1,400 students each year. Of the students that can be tracked (e.g. they are enrolled in a Texas public college or university and/or working in Texas), about 70 percent are employed and 58 percent are enrolled in a postsecondary program. Of the students that are employed, about two-thirds work in retail or accommodations and food services. Of the students that are enrolled, the top destinations are Texarkana College, Northeast Texas Community College, and Texas A&M-Texarkana.

region has two public higher education • The institutions and two private institutions. Over

the last three years, these institutions have awarded, on average, 1,379 degrees. More than half of these are awarded by Texarkana College. Most of the awards from Texarkana College are associate’s degrees or certificates of at least one

but less than two years. The vast majority of the degrees at Texas A&M-Texarkana are bachelor’s.

the number of annual openings • Comparing of entry-level occupations that require

postsecondary education to the number of degrees or completions in related fields can be an indicator of the alignment of the regional talent pipeline with regional jobs. Overall, there are more annual openings than there are students graduating with credentials. In addition, the number of completions and openings show potential shortages of students choosing careers in health science, education & training, human services, and information technology. Note that the annual openings of transportation, distribution, & logistics includes truck drivers, which requires a commercial drivers license. These can be acquired through a postsecondary degree program or nondegree program.

Image by Tdga22aft via

TEXARKANA REGION ECONOMIC AND LABOR MARKET PROFILE

iW kimedia Commons

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DATA ANALYSIS Figure 125. ENROLLMENT AND EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES BY SCHOOL DISTRICT, 2017-2018 NUMBER OF HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES TOTAL

ENROLLED IN COLLEGE ONLY

EMPLOYED ONLY

ALL EMPLOYED

NOT LOCATED*

Texarkana

423

74

112

66

140

178

171

Liberty-Eylau

170

23

52

29

52

81

66

Pleasant Grove

145

28

30

27

55

57

60

Atlanta

112

20

29

17

37

46

46

New Boston

96

11

29

20

31

49

36

Hughes Springs

88

21

25

11

32

36

31

Redwater

85

21

17

12

33

29

35

Hooks

79

9

22

11

20

33

37

Dekalb

59

11

16

13

24

29

19

Pewitt

56

13

12

11

24

23

20

Linden-Kildare

55

9

18

13

22

31

15

McLeod

30

6

0

6

12

10

18

Simms

29

0

9

10

12

19

10

Maud

23

6

0

0

10

6

17

SCHOOL DISTRICT

EMPLOYED ALL ENROLLED & ENROLLED IN COLLEGE

Figure 126. TOP TEXAS PUBLIC COLLEGES & UNIVERSITIES, 2017-2018 BY FALL COLLEGE ENROLLMENT OF DISTRICT HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES SCHOOL DISTRICT

NORTHEAST TEXAS TEXARKANA COLLEGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

TEXAS A&MTEXARKANA

TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY

STEPHEN F AUSTIN UNIVERSITY

Atlanta

20

Dekalb

15

Hooks

14

Liberty-Eylau

28

6

5

Hughes Springs

19

Maud

New Boston

17

Pleasant Grove

24

11

Linden-Kildare

6

7

McLeod

8

Pewitt

12

Redwater

16

Simms

Texarkana

81

17

12

*Not Located - High school graduates not found either as college enrolled (in a Texas public college or university in the fall semester following graduation) or employed (not found in the 4th quarter of Texas employment data as reported by the Texas Workforce Commission). Source: TPEIR, a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Data are not displayed for districts with fewer than 25 high school graduates in order to protect student confidentiality.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 127. TOP INDUSTRIES WHERE HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES ARE EMPLOYED, 2017-2018 AVERAGE OF PERCENT OF TOTAL EMPLOYED Retail Trade

36%

Accommodations & Food Services

32%

Construction

16%

Health Care & Social Assistance

13%

Manufacturing

8%

Administrative & Support Services Educational Services

4% 3%

Figure 128. HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS, TEXARKANA REGION, 2018-2020 COMPLETIONS COMPLETIONS INSTITUTION

CITY

2018

2019

2020

Texarkana College

Texarkana

908

836

761

Texas A&M University-Texarkana

Texarkana

479

524

529

Cosmetology Academy of Texarkana

Texarkana

23

29

31

Tonsorial Arts Barber College

Texarkana

12

4

1,410

1,401

1,325

TOTAL

Figure 129. COMPLETIONS BY AWARD LEVEL, TEXARKANA REGION, 2020 INSTITUTION Certificates of at least 12 wks., but less than 1 yr.

TEXARKANA COLLEGE

TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITYCOSMETOLOGY TEXARKANA ACADEMY OF TEXARKANA

TONSORIAL ARTS BARBER COLLEGE

1

10

Certificates of at least 1 but less than 2 yrs.

355

21

4

Associate's degree

405

Bachelor's degree

425

Master's degree

97

Doctor's degree–research/scholarship

7

761

529

31

4

TOTAL

Sources: (Figure 127) TPEIR, a joint effort of the Texas Education Agency and Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Data are not displayed for districts with fewer than 25 high school graduates in order to protect student confidentiality. (Figure 128, Figure 129) National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid.

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Figure 130. ALIGNMENT OF FIELDS OF STUDY AND JOBS, 2020 BY CAREER CLUSTER ANNUAL OPENINGS

TOTAL COMPLETIONS

TEXARKANA COLLEGE ONLY

Health Science

438

139

120

Education & Training

368

270

187

Transportation, Distribution & Logistics

226

57

57

Business, Marketing, & Finance

181

231

83

Human Services

159

67

31

Information Technology

38

18

11

Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics

37

212

19

Law and Public Service

35

61

23

Arts, Audio/Video Technology & Communications

28

15

10

Manufacturing

19

91

91

Architecture & Construction

14

89

89

Agriculture, Food & Natural Resources

12

0

1

0

40

40

CAREER CLUSTER

Hospitality & Tourism

Source: Emsi 2021.2 – QCEW Employees, Non-QCEW Employees, and Self-Employed and National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Note: Annual openings include only entry-level occupations that require a degree program. Completions include only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for Federal financial aid.

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

Figure 131. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, TEXARKANA COLLEGE, 2020 CERTIFICATES CERTIFICATES OF AT LEAST 12 OF AT LEAST 1 WKS. BUT LESS BUT LESS THAN THAN 1 YR. 2 YRS.

ASSOCIATE'S DEGREE

TOTAL

140

140

75

4

79

Registered Nursing/Registered Nurse

66

66

47.0201

Heating, Air Cond., Ventilation & Refrig. Maint. Technology/Technician

51

0

51

51.3901

Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse Training

45

45

52.0101

Business/Commerce, General

45

45

12.0503

Culinary Arts/Chef Training

30

10

40

24.0103

Humanities/Humanistic Studies

33

33

15.1001

Construction Engineering Technology/Technician

27

2

29

47.0604

Automobile/Automotive Mechanics Technology/Technician

25

4

29

12.0401

Cosmetology/Cosmetologist, General

23

4

27

52.0408

General Office Occupations & Clerical Services

1

26

27

43.0103

Criminal Justice/Law Enforcement Administration

23

23

47.0603

Autobody/Collision & Repair Technology/Technician

16

1

17

47.0605

Diesel Mechanics Technology/Technician

9

2

11

52.0401

Administrative Assistant & Secretarial Science, General

11

11

26.0101

Biology/Biological Sciences, General

10

10

13.1202

Elementary Education & Teaching

9

9

46.0302

Electrician

7

2

9

11.0101

Computer & Information Sciences, General

0

7

7

15.0303

Electrical, Electronic, & Communications Engineering Tech./ Technician

3

3

6

47.0303

Industrial Mechanics & Maintenance Technology/Technician

5

1

6

19.0706

Child Development

1

4

5

51.0805

Pharmacy Technicia—ssistant

5

5

11.1002

System, Networking, & LAN/WAN Management/Manager

3

1

4

45.0101

Social Sciences, General

4

4

50.0501

Drama & Dramatics/Theatre Arts, General

4

4

50.0701

Art/Art Studies, General

4

4

51.0904

Emergency Medical Technology/Technician (EMT Paramedic)

3

1

4

51.1501

Substance Abuse/Addiction Counseling

1

3

4

14.0101

Engineering, General

3

3

50.0901

Music, General

2

2

27.0101

Mathematics, General

1

1

40.0501

Chemistry, General

1

1

CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

24.0102

General Studies

48.0508

Welding Technology/Welder

51.3801

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Note: Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for federal financial aid.

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Figure 132. COMPLETIONS BY FIELD OF STUDY, TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY-TEXARKANA, 2020 BACHELOR’S DEGREE

DOCTOR’S DEGREERESEARCH/ SCHOLARSHIP

MASTER’S DEGREE

GRAND TOTAL

89

37

126

118

2

120

43.0104 Criminal Justice/Safety Studies

33

33

42.0101 Psychology, General

28

0

28

13.0301 Curriculum and Instruction

23

23

52.0301 Accounting

16

6

22

24.0102 General Studies

20

20

26.0101 Biology/Biological Sciences, General

20

20

54.0101 History, General

16

4

20

51.3801 Registered Nursing/Registered Nurse

17

17

14.1001 Electrical and Electronics Engineering

14

14

31.0505 Exercise Science and Kinesiology

13

13

45.1101 Sociology, General

12

12

13.0401 Educational Leadership and Administration, General

3

7

10

7

7

7

7

23.0101 English Language and Literature, General

5

2

7

27.0101 Mathematics, General

6

6

42.2803 Counseling Psychology

6

6

09.0102 Mass Communication/Media Studies

5

5

45.1001 Political Science and Government, General

5

5

13.1201 Adult and Continuing Education and Teaching

3

3

42.2805 School Psychology

2

2

51.3802 Nursing Administration

2

2

40.0501 Chemistry, General

1

1

27.0101 Mathematics, General

1

1

40.0501 Chemistry, General

1

1

0

0

13.1202 Elementary Education and Teaching

0

0

14.1901 Mechanical Engineering

0

0

26.1201 Biotechnology

0

0

44.0701 Social Work

0

0

51.3203 Nursing Education

0

0

CIP CODE

DESCRIPTION

52.0201 Business Administration and Management, General 30.9999 Multi-/Interdisciplinary Studies, Other

11.0101 Computer and Information Sciences, General 13.0501 Educational/Instructional Technology

09.0100 Communication, General

Source: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System. Note: Includes only for-credit degree or other recognized postsecondary credentials that are eligible for federal financial aid.

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RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS KEY CONCEPTS

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T.L.L. TEMPLE FOUNDATION

DEFINITION OF TERMS Career Clusters

Occupations

Groups of related types of work and occupations.

Groups of jobs that require similar knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform a variety of activities and tasks. Occupations are classified using the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) taxonomy.

Completions Measurements of the number of students who completed an academic or occupational instructional program. Completions include programs offered for credit at postsecondary institutions—degrees, certificates, and other such formal awards.

Fields of Study Standardized categories of instructional programs. Fields of Study are classified using the Classification of Instruction Programs (CIP) taxonomy to facilitate the collecting, reporting, and analyzing of program data.

Industry Sectors Groups of companies or economic units that share production processes. Industries are classified using the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).

Occupational Demands

Openings Numbers of new and replacement jobs. New jobs are positions that did not exists in the prior time period; replacement jobs are positions that were vacated by a worker who changed occupations.

Traded Sectors Sectors in which companies sell products or services across regions and/or countries outside of their local area.

Primary Jobs Jobs that infuse new dollars into the economy within industries that are traded or exportoriented. Examples include agriculture, mining, oil, & gas, and manufacturing.

Measurements of the number of openings in a specified time period.

RURAL EAST TEXAS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS KEY CONCEPTS

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PREPARED BY

153

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