Antigua & Barbuda The Citizen

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Cruising into the future

Claudette Peters

Soca Diva taking

Antiguan culture to the world

Charlie Mind

Bringing the Caribbean to children’s television

Antigua Island Girls

Pushing the boundaries with the Talisker Pacific Challenge

ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023

BBeginning in 1952, my small Caribbean island country, an exporter of sugarcane at that time, began experimenting with tourism. At first, the emphasis was exclusively on attracting passengers arriving by air since a massive runway had been constructed during the Second World War. Then, converted to civilian use during peacetime, airlines began flying visitors to our shores during the winter months, where they spent a week or more in the luxury hotels and clubs that found root on our many white-sand beaches.

Cruise tourism became a feature following the construction of the deepwater harbour in 1968. For the first time in 350 years of our modern history, large vessels could disembark their passengers and cargo at a newly constructed seaport. The possibilities for a future cruise tourism sector multiplied exponentially. Twenty years later, in 1988, the dredging to thirty feet of the shallow half-moon bay that touched St John’s, the capital, allowed the massive cruise vessels to dock at the edge of the town, further inland.

Four berths were built in the following decade. However, the ships became even larger, requiring greater ocean depth. At a cost of tens of millions of dollars, the harbour has been increased in depth and width to accommodate the new present-day giant vessels.

In 2019, the year before the pandemic halted cruises, more than half a million passengers visited Antigua by cruise ship. By the end of February 2023, cruises are back in swing, with 100 vessels and 350,000 passengers having called at our port.

Antigua has also become a homeporting destination, allowing passengers to arrive by air and then be transported to the Antigua Cruise Port 15 minutes away. They begin a ten-day cruise before returning to the island and then back to their country of origin by air. Scores of those passengers also choose to arrive in Antigua early and spend a few nights at one of the luxury hotels, benefiting both sectors.

Cruise tourism is an important part of the tourism product which Antigua offers. Those who have experienced our charming Caribbean island become hooked on it and find themselves returning again and again. Welcome to enchanting Antigua, where the beach is just the beginning.

03 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023
“Cruise tourism is an important part of the tourism product which Antigua offers. Those who have experienced our charming Caribbean island become hooked on it and find themselves returning again and again.”


As one of the most beautiful places on the planet, it is no wonder that those who visit Antigua & Barbuda fall head over heels with its beauty and charm. And although most choose to linger as long as possible to fully enjoy the idyllic white-sand beaches, dazzling aquamarine waters and verdant scenery, many visitors have just one day to enjoy this paradise during their Caribbean cruise.

With the new cruise terminal allowing the largest ships in the world to dock in Antigua, the island is featuring in increasing numbers of cruise itineraries, permitting more and more people to discover the magic of the twin islands.

With everything on offer, including sublime beaches, crystalline waters, fabulous sailing and yachting and laid-back Caribbean culture, no one can expect to experience the ‘real’ Antigua in just one day. However, Antigua is highly seductive, and most visitors quickly succumb to its charms, often making plans to return to the island for a more extensive stay as they longingly catch a glimpse of endless white-sand beaches, swaying palms and countless other delights from their tour bus. And with the advent of cruise ships homeporting on the island, more visitors are getting the chance to enjoy Antigua’s beauty both before and after their cruise.

Those who arrive by air will find that Antigua is exceptionally well connected with direct, daily flights to major cities in North America and London. The islands have a plethora of luxury hotels and resorts that cater to any taste, historical attractions like the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Nelson’s Dockyard for a culture fix, worldclass restaurants to savour gourmet and local cuisine and incredible watersports to while away the hours in the warm, translucent seas. With all this and more, even the most active visitor would be hardpressed to experience all of Antigua & Barbuda’s attractions in a week or two.

And when it’s too hard to drag yourself away from Antigua at the end of a vacation – and let’s face it, there is never enough time in paradise - maybe it’s time to make the island home. Exclusive developments are dotted around the picturesque coastline, and new luxury projects on Antigua’s sister island Barbuda with its incredible pink sands and laid-back atmosphere, mean there is something for everyone. In addition, a great educational offer for all ages, including the prestigious international baccalaureate and several higher education options, including the fourth-landed campus of the University of the West Indies as well as a robust health system and telecommunications infrastructure, means that you and your family will be well catered for.

And for those who want to own a piece of paradise and obtain a second citizenship at the same time, Antigua & Barbuda’s CBI programme is in the top five of the 2023 Q1 Henley Passport Index. Citizenship to the islands allows visa-free travel to over 160 jurisdictions, including Hong Kong, Singapore, the UK and Schengen area.

05 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023

THE CITIZEN, the official publication of the Antigua & Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU), is produced by Select Publishing with the full support of Charmaine Quinland-Donovan, CIU’s Chief Executive Officer and the Government of Antigua & Barbuda.


Managing Editor:

Creative & Art Director:

Advertising Designer:

Danielle Jacobsen Susan Brophy Marta Conceição

Analu Pettinati/Antonio Caparrós/ SalmanDesign/Paulo Couto/Marta Conceição

Antigua & Barbuda introduction photo (page 4 & 5): Danielle Jacobsen

Photo credits: Andre Phillip, Colin Banks, Tommy Clarke, Penny Bird, Tim Wright, Antigua & Barbuda Tourism Authority, Hama Films, Atlantic Campaigns/Penny Bird, KO Photography, JR Designs, Fer Ribes, Colin John Jenkins, Danielle Jacobsen, Deposit Photos, Shutterstock, Douglass Bagg/Unsplash, Brandon Nelson/Unsplash

Translations: BCB Soluciones

Repro & printing: Lisgráfica – Impressão e Artes Gráficas

Circulation: 2,000

For all editorial and advertising enquiries, or to order a free copy, contact:

The views expressed in the publication are not necessarily those of the CIU or the publishers. The publishers make every effort to ensure that the magazine’s contents are correct, but cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information published herein, or be held accountable for any errors, omissions, or claims for any damages.

For Citizenship by Investment Programme (CIP) related enquiries, contact CIU at:

All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, without prior permission in writing from the publishers.



For Investment Migration Council (IMC) membership enquiries, contact the Regional Representative Office at:

CiviQuo is the World’s First Investment Migration Marketplace. For enquiries, contact us at:

To access THE CITIZEN:

Welcome to issue 16 of The Citizen!

s the main economic engine in Antigua today, tourism is on the up, with the cruise industry playing an increasingly important role in the sector. Our cover story in this issue delves into the growth and popularity of cruising in the twin islands, how significant upgrades to the cruise port have concreted Antigua’s position in the industry, and why visitors fall in love with the destination at first sight. Claudette Peters is known as the Soca Diva, but her legacy goes so much further as she is determined to put Antigua & Barbuda’s culture firmly on the map around the globe. She talks to us about her background and plans to preserve culture for future generations. Charlie Mind is another woman on a mission. She founded Calypso Kids TV to give a local and regional perspective to children unaccustomed to seeing the Caribbean on screen. In her interview, she expresses her deep pride in her heritage and her unwavering commitment to passing it on to the younger generation. And if we’re talking about strong Antiguan women, we can’t not talk about the Antigua Island Girls, the fabulous foursome who broke records by crossing the Atlantic in the 2019 Talisker Atlantic Challenge, AKA the World’s Toughest Row. The team are at it again. This time they will be crossing the Pacific Ocean from California to Hawaii in the epic, inaugural World’s Toughest Row - Pacific in June. In today’s busy world, we often only have time to see the big picture, and we miss the little wonders of our planet. Photographer Colin Banks’ incredible microphotography showcases the tiny miracles happening in nature all around us.

Talking about small things, our conservation piece – the first of two articles - looks at the incredible bee whose importance belies its tiny size. Our article looks at how these humble creatures play a crucial role in human survival and their profound impact on the planet. Our survival is also dependent on water. And as parts of the world experience water scarcity and increasing droughts, Beyond Water’s groundbreaking atmospheric generation technology represents the future, as it extracts pure water from air with a simple machine, even off-grid. We examine how governments, hotels, farmers and households can fulfil any water need using their technology.

Featured artist Nick Hadeed’s paintings range from abstract expressionism to realism, capturing the atmosphere and mood of the island. He shares some of his beautiful pieces with us.

Once again, experts and thought leaders give us their insights into the changing citizenship by investment industry in our Thought Leadership and Opinion articles.

On behalf of The Citizen team, we want to thank every one of our contributors and readers. Happy reading!

07 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023
letter editor’s

cont ribu to rs

Brian Dobbin

Is a Canadian businessman and the founder of property development company Elmsbridge and the economic migration company Citizens International. With four development projects underway on the island and bringing in dozens of international investors annually, he has spent 15 years focused on Antiguan economic growth.

Bruno L’ecuyer

First Chief Executive of the Investment Migration Council; the worldwide association of investor migration professionals. Bruno leads the Secretariat reporting to the Governing Board and is responsible for all IMC operations. A regular contributor to international publications and conferences in Europe, the Middle East and Asia.

Colin James

Is the CEO of the Antigua and Barbuda Tourism Authority. With a proven track record of high performance, he has helped to position the islands’ tourism industry on an upward trajectory. Colin is skilled at building productive working relationships with stakeholders and is committed to the highest levels of professional and personal excellence.

Dona Regis-Prosper

Is the General Manager of Antigua Cruise Port. She previously worked as Business Development Director at Margaritaville Caribbean Group in Jamaica and as CEO of the BVI Cruises Port. She is a Certified Professional Marketer and has an MBA with focus on sustainable development of the cruising industry in the Caribbean.

Eric G Major

Is one of the world’s foremost specialists in residence and citizenship by investment with over 25 years in the Investment Migration field. In 2017, he founded Latitude Consultancy Limited, a firm that provides residence and citizenship solutions to international private clients, as well as advising governments on how to attract significant foreign direct investments through such programmes.

52 56 INTERVIEW INTERVIEW Claudette Peters The Soca Diva Charlie Mind on Calypso Kids TV 60 32 FOCUS Beyond Water FixedArticlesWorthNoting 7478

Antigua & Barbuda




Does your plan B let you decide where you live?

Does your plan B allow you to easily access healthcare in another country?

Does your plan B mean that you can travel to a business meeting on the other side of the world at a moment’s notice?

Does your plan B protect your children’s inheritance?

Does your plan B give you wealth management options?

Does your plan B allow you to relocate your family in the event of a national disaster?

YOUR PLAN B include a second citizenship? DOES

citizenship investment programme

by ANTIGUA & BARBUDA Citizenship by Investment Programme

There are four types of investment which will qualify you for citizenship in the paradise islands of Antigua & Barbuda. As an applicant, you can choose between a contribution to the National Development Fund (NDF), to The University of the West Indies Fund, purchase property in a pre-approved real estate development, or invest in an approved business venture. As a candidate, you must be over 18 years of age, hold no criminal record and have excellent health. Upon successful application, you and your family will obtain a lifetime citizenship and enjoy travelling visa-free to 165 jurisdictions.


The non-profit NDF was established to fund income-generating public sector projects, innovation in entrepreneurship and approved charitable investments. It is audited by an internationally recognised accounting firm and reports on its status are published each year.

If this is your investment of choice, you are invited to contribute USD 100,000 to the NDF, which is a one-time contribution for a family of four. Processing fees will be applied as indicated below.

For a single applicant, or a family of 4 or less:

• US$ 100,000 contribution

Processing fees: US$ 30,000.*

For a family of 5 or more:

• US$ 125,000 contribution

Processing fees: US$ 45,000, US$ 15,000 for each additional dependent over five people.


This investment option serves as a mechanism to finance the new University of the West Indies Five Islands Campus. This contribution will also entitle one member of the family to a one-year scholarship, tuition only, at the University of the West Indies.

For a family of 6:

• US$ 150,000 contribution

• Processing fees: US$ 15,000 from the seventh additional dependent onwards.


You and your family can obtain citizenship by purchasing a property in Antigua & Barbuda. You may also benefit from rental revenue with this investment. To qualify for citizenship under this option, you must invest in a designated, officially approved real estate development worth at least US$ 400,000, undertake a joint investment of US$ 200,000 between two (2) related parties/ applications, or minimum US$ 200,000 for a unit/share in an approved property.

You must own the property for a minimum of five years before selling it. At this time, owners may resell their units or shares to subsequent applicants as eligible investments. Processing fees will be applied as indicated below.

For a single applicant, or a family of 4 or less:

• Processing fees: US$ 30,000.*

For a family of 5 or more:

• Processing fees: US$ 45,000, US$ 15,000 for each additional dependent over five people.


The Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU) after consulting with the Antigua & Barbuda Investment Authority (ABIA) approves businesses, whether existing or proposed, for the purposes of investment in business under the Citizenship by Investment Programme (CIP).

There are two business investment options:

• Invest at least US$ 1,500,000 in a pre-approved business.

• Alternatively, at least two applicants can propose to make a joint investment in an approved business with a total investment of at least US$ 5,000,000. Each investor must contribute at least US$ 400,000 to the joint investment.

For a single applicant, or a family of 4 or less:

• Processing fees: US$ 30,000.*

For a family of 5 or more:

• Processing fees: US$ 45,000, US$ 15,000 for each additional dependent over five people.

Please note that all four options also include a due diligence fee of US$ 7,500 for the main applicant and spouse, US$ 2,000 for any dependent child between 12-17 years of age and US$ 4,000 for any dependent child/parent between 18-30 and 55 plus years.

* Processing fees for additional dependents: US$ 10,000 for children under 5 years, US$ 20,000 for children aged 6-17 years, US$ 50,000 for adults over 18 years. For a future spouse of the principal applicant, a fee of US$ 50,000 is payable upon application.


ANTIGUA & BARBUDA Citizenship by Investment Programme

Frequently Asked Questions

Why does Antigua & Barbuda have a citizenship by investment programme?

The programme was introduced to promote economic growth, attract real estate development, increase foreign direct investment to the country, support the development of infrastructure and provide for a sustainable future.

How many visa-free countries can I travel to as a citizen of Antigua & Barbuda?

You can travel to 165 jurisdictions without requiring a visa, including the EU and Schengen countries, Hong Kong and Singapore.

What is the processing time?

Processing your application should take from 3 to 6 months.

Who can apply for citizenship?

To apply for the citizenship programme in Antigua & Barbuda, you must be at least 18 years of age, be of a good character with no criminal record, and have good health.

Do I need to speak English to apply for citizenship? You don’t need to speak English to be an applicant.

Who can be included on the application?

Your dependent children under 28 and dependent parents over 58 can be included within the application.

How do you conduct the due diligence and vetting of applicants?

There are no interviews. However, all applicants undergo rigorous screening prior to consideration by the Citizenship by Investment Unit. Complete files will be forwarded to an international, unbiased thirdparty due diligence service provider who will conduct detailed background checks on all applicants before the application is approved.


citizenship investment programme

What happens once my application has been accepted?

A certificate of registration of citizenship will be issued and submitted to the passport office. Your authorised agent/representative will forward your passports and Citizenship Certificate to you.

Do I need to travel to Antigua & Barbuda to complete the process?

The application process can be made from your country of residence. Once your application is successful and you have received your passport, you must travel to Antigua & Barbuda to take your oath or affirmation of allegiance. You are entitled to take up full-time residence in Antigua & Barbuda at any time you wish.

Does Antigua & Barbuda recognise dual citizenship?

There are no restrictions on dual citizenship in Antigua & Barbuda.

For how many years will my passport be valid for?

The passport will be valid for a period of 5 years and is renewable for a period of 10 years thereafter, provided that the requirements are met, which includes spending a minimum of five days in the country during this period after becoming a citizen.

Can I invest with my Bitcoins or other cryptocurrencies?

This is in the pipeline but has not yet been established.

In addition to the citizenship by investment programme does Antigua & Barbuda have a tax residency programme?

Antigua & Barbuda does not currently offer a tax residency programme.

For any additional questions, please contact an authorized representative, licensed agent or the CIU directly.

15 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023
قيرط نع ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ ةيسنج لىع لوصحلا رماثتسلاا جمانرب تاراقعلا في رماثتسلاا .ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ في راقع ءاشر للاخ نم ةيسنجلا لىع لوصحلا كتسرأو تنأ كنكيم ًلاهؤم نوكت كيلو .رماثتسلاا اذه لضفب راجيلإا تاداريإ نم ةدافتسلاا اضيأ كنكيم ماك ةيراقع ةعومجم في رماثتسلاا كيلع بجي ،رايخلا اذه بجوبم ةيسنجلا لىع لوصحلل كترشم رماثتسا ءارجإ ،كييرمأ رلاود 400.000 نع اهتميق ّلقت لا ايمسر ةدمتعمو ةنيعم لا ام وأ ،ينطباترم (2) ينبلط/ينفرط نم بلط/فرط لكل كييرمأ رلاود 200.000 ةميقب .دمتعم راقع في ةصح/ةدحول كييرمأ رلاود 200.000 نع ّلقي ذئنيح زوجيو .هعيب لبق لقلأا لىع تاونس سمخ ةدلم راقعلا كلاتما كيلع بجيو .ةلهؤم تارماثتساك ينقحلا تابلط يمدقلم مهتصح وأ مهتدحو عيب ةداعإ ينكلمالل .هاندأ حضوم وه ماك ةجلاعلما موسر قيبطت متيسو :لقأ وأ دارفأ 4 نم ةنوكم ةسرأ وأ دحاو بلط مدقلم *ةددحم ةترفل رايخلا رظنا .كييرمأ رلاود 30.000 :ةجلاعلما موسر • :ثركأ وأ دارفأ 5 نم ةنوكم ةسرلأ فياضإ لاعم صخش لكل كييرمأ رلاود 15.000 ،كييرمأ رلاود 45.000 :ةجلاعلما موسر • .صاخشأ 5 لىع يراجتلا رماثتسلاا اوغيتنأ في رماثتسلاا ةئيه عم رواشتلا دعب - رماثتسلاا قيرط نع ةيسنجلا ةدحو موقت ضارغلأ ،ةحترقم وأ ةئماق تناك ءاوس ،ةيراجتلا عيراشلما لىع ةقفاولماب - ادوبرابو .رماثتسلاا قيرط نع ةيسنجلا جمانرب بجوبم ةيراجتلا لماعلأا في رماثتسلاا :يراجتلا رماثتسلال نارايخ كانه .اقبسم ةدمتعم يراجت عوشرم في كييرمأ رلاود 1.500.000 نع لقي لا ام رمثتسا • يراجت عوشرم في كترشم رماثتسا ءارجإ حاترقا لقلأا لىع ينفرطل نكيم ،كلذل ليدبك • رمثتسم لك لىع بجيو .كييرمأ رلاود 5.000.000 نع لقي لا ليماجإ غلببم دمتعم .كترشلما رماثتسلاا في كييرمأ رلاود 400.000 نع لقي لا غلببم ةمهاسلما :لقأ وأ دارفأ 4 نم ةنوكم ةسرأ وأ دحاو بلط مدقلم *ةددحم ةترفل رايخلا .رظنا كييرمأ رلاود 30.000 :ةجلاعلما موسر • :ثركأ وأ دارفأ 5 نم ةنوكم ةسرلأ فياضإ لاعم صخش لكل كييرمأ رلاود 15.000 ،كييرمأ رلاود 45.000 :ةجلاعلما موسر • .صاخشأ 5 لىع 5 نس نود لافطلأل كييرمأ رلاود 10.000 :ينيفاضلإا ينلاعلما صاخشلأل ةجلاعلما موسر 50.000 ،اماع 17و6 ينب مهرماعأ حواترت نيذلا لافطلأل كييرمأ رلاود 20.000 ،ماوعأ اماع 18 مهرماعأ زواجتت نيذلا ينغلابلل كييرمأ رلاود رلاود 50.000 هردق مسر عفدي ،ة/سييئرلا بلطلا ة/مدقلم ة/ليقبتسلما ة/جوزلل ةبسنلاب .بلطلا ميدقت دنع كييرمأ رزجلا ةيسنج لىع لوصحلل ًلاهؤم كلعجتس يتلا تارماثتسلاا نم عاونأ ةعبرأ كانه ةمهاسم ميدقت ينب رايتخلاا كنكيم ،بلطلا ميدقت دنع .ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ ةيسودرفلا في ةيكلم ءاشر وأ ةيبرغلا دنهلا ةعماج قودنص وأ ةيمنتلل ينطولا قودنصلا حلاصل .دمتعم يراجت عوشرم في رماثتسلاا وأ اقبسم ةدمتعلما ةيراقعلا تاعومجلما ىدحإ عتمتت نأو ةيئانج قباوس كيدل نوكي لاأو اماع 18 كرمع زواجتي نأ بجي ،حشرمكو .ةزاتمم ةحصب رفسلاب نوعتمتستسو ةايحلا ىدم ةيسنجلا لىع كتسرأو تنأ لصحتس ،كبلط حاجن دنع .ةيئاضق ةيلاو 165 نم ثركأ لىإ ةيرشأت نودب ةيمنتلل ينطولا قودنصلا حلاصل ةمهاسم ميدقت ماعلا عاطقلا عيراشم ليومتل ،حبرلل فدهي لا يذلا ،ةيمنتلل ينطولا قودنصلا سيسأت مت هتاباسح عجارتو .ةدمتعلما ةييرخلا تارماثتسلااو لماعلأا ةداير في راكتبلااو لخدلل ةردلما ايونس هعضو نع ريراقت شرنتو ايلود اهب فترعم ةبساحم ةكشر لبق نم ماعلا عاطقلا عيراشم ليومتل ،حبرلل فدهي لا يذلا ،ةيمنتلل ينطولا قودنصلا سيسأت مت هتاباسح عجارتو .ةدمتعلما ةييرخلا تارماثتسلااو لماعلأا ةداير في راكتبلااو لخدلل ةردلما .ايونس هعضو نع ريراقت شرنتو ايلود اهب فترعم ةبساحم ةكشر لبق نم اهردق ةمهاسم ميدقت كنم بلطيف ،تارماثتسلاا نم عونلا اذه لىع كرايتخا عقو اذإ ةرم مدقت ةمهاسم نع ةرابع يهو ،ةيمنتلل ينطولا قودنصلل كييرمأ رلاود 100.000 حضوم وه ماك ةجلاعلما موسر قيبطت متيسو .دارفأ ةعبرأ نم ةنوكم ةسرأ لك نع ةدحاو .هاندأ :لقأ وأ دارفأ 4 نم ةنوكم ةسرأ وأ دحاو بلط مدقلم كييرمأ رلاود 100.000 اهردق ةمهاسم • *ةددحم ةترفل رايخلا رظنا .كييرمأ رلاود 30.000 :ةجلاعلما موسر :ثركأ وأ دارفأ 5 نم ةنوكم ةسرلأ كييرمأ رلاود 125.000 اهردق ةمهاسم • فياضإ لاعم صخش لكل كييرمأ رلاود 15.000 ،كييرمأ رلاود 45.000 :ةجلاعلما موسر .صاخشأ 5 لىع :ةيبرغلا دنهلا ةعماج قودنص .ةيبرغلا دنهلا ةعماجل ديدجلا سمخلا رزجلا مرح ليومتل ةيلآك رايخلا اذه لمعي ةنس اهتدم ةيسارد ةحنم لىع ةسرلأا دارفأ دحأ لوصح اضيأ ةمهاسلما هذه لوختسو .ةيبرغلا دنهلا ةعماج في ،طقف ميلعتلا موسر لمشت ،ةدحاو :دارفأ 6 نم ةنوكم ةسرلأ كييرمأ رلاود 150.000 اهردق ةمهاسم . فياضلإا لاعلما صخشلا نم كييرمأ رلاود 15.000 :ةجلاعلما موسر . ادعاصف عباسلا
by citizenship investment programme
citizenship investment programme .رماثتسلاا قيرط نع ةيسنجلا ةدحوب ةشرابم وأ هل صخرم ليكو وأ ضوفم لثمبم لاصتلاا ىجري ،ةلئسلأا نم ديزلم قيرط نع ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ ةيسنج لىع لوصحلا رماثتسلاا جمانرب ةرركتم ةلئسأ ؟رماثتسلاا قيرط نع ةيسنجلا جمانرب ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ كلتم اذالم ةيراقعلا ةيمنتلا باطقتساو يداصتقلاا ومنلا زيزعتل جمانبرلا دماتعا مت ينمأتو ةيتحتلا ةينبلا ريوطت معدو دلابلا في شرابلما يبنجلأا رماثتسلاا ةدايزو .مادتسم لبقتسم اوغيتنأ نطاومك ةيرشأت نود اهيلإ رفسلا يننكيم يتلا نادلبلا ددع مك ؟ادوبرابو في ابم ،ةيرشأت لىإ ةجاحلا نود ةيئاضق ةيلاو 165 نم ثركأ لىإ رفسلا كنكيم .ةروفاغنسو غنوك غنوهو نغنشو بيورولأا داحتلاا نادلب كلذ ؟كبلط ةجلاعم قرغتست تقولا نم مك .رهشأ 6و 3 ينب ام كبلط ةجلاعم قرغتست ؟ةيسنجلا لىع لوصحلل بلطب مدقتلا هنكيم نم كرمع زواجتي نأ بجي ،ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ في ةيسنجلا جمانبرل ًلاهؤم نوكتل عتمتت نأو ةيئانج قباوس كيدل نوكي لاأو قلخلا نسحب مستت نأو اماع 18 .ةديج ةحصب ؟ةيسنجلا لىع لوصحلا بلطل ةيزيلجنلإا ةغللاب ثدحتأ نأ يغبني له .بلطلاب مدقتلل ةيزيلجنلإا ةغللاب ثدحتلا لىإ ةجاحب تسل ؟بلطلا في هجاردإ نكيم نم اماع 28 نع مهرماعأ لقت نيذلا ينلاعلما كلافطأ بلطلا في جردت نأ كنكيم .اماع 58 زواجتي ماهرمع ناك اذإ ينلاعلما كيدلاوو ؟تابلطلا صحفو ةبجاولا ةيانعلا نورجُت فيك قيقد صحفل بلطلاب ينمدقتلما عيمج عضخي ،كلذ عمو .تلاباقم يرجن لا لاحت .رماثتسلاا قيرط نع ةيسنجلا ةدحو لبق نم مهفلم ةسارد لبق ةبجاولا ةيانعلا تامدخ مدقت ةزاحنم يرغ ةيلود ةهج لىإ ةلماكلا تافللما .بلطلاب ينمدقتلما تايفلخ نأشب ةلصفم تايرحت يرجتس يتلاو ؟يبلط لوبق دعب ثدحي اذام .رفسلا تازاوج بتكم لىإ اهيمدقتو ةيسنجلا ليجست ةداهش رادصإ متيس ةيسنجلا ةداهشو رفسلا تازاوج لاسرإب ضوفلما كلثمم/كليكو موقيسو .كيلإ كب ةصاخلا ؟ةيلمعلا لماكلإ ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ لىإ رفاسأ نأ بجي له ،كرفس زاوج كيقلتو كبلط حاجن دعب .كتماقإ دلب نم بلطلا ءارجإ نكيم كل قحيو .ءلاولا ديكأت وأ ينميلا ءادلأ ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ لىإ رفسلا كيلع بجي .ءاشت ىتم ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ في لماك ماودب ةماقلإا ؟ةجودزلما ةيسنجلاب ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ فترعت له .ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ في ةجودزلما ةيسنجلا لىع دويق دجوت لا ؟لوعفلما يراس يرفس زاوج ىقبيس ةنس نم مك ةدلم ديدجتلل لباق وهو تاونس 5 ةدلم لوعفلما يراس كرفس زاوج ىقبيس مايأ ةسمخ ءاضق لمشت يتلا تابلطتلما ةيبلت ةطيشر ،كلذ دعب تاونس10 .ةيسنجلا لىع لوصحلا دعب ةترفلا هذه للاخ دلبلا في لقلأا لىع تلامعلا نم اهيرغ وأ )Bitcoin( نيوكتيب ةلمعب رماثتسلاا يننكيم له ؟ةماعلما .دعب هذيفنت متي لمو دادعلإا ديق لاز ام رملأا اذه ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ ىدل له ،رماثتسلاا قيرط نع ةيسنجلا جمانرب لىإ ةفاضلإاب ؟ةيبيضرلا ةماقلإل جمانرب .ةيبيضرلا ةماقلإل اجمانرب ايلاح ادوبرابو اوغيتنأ مدقت لا ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023

If there’s one thing that 2020 has shown you, it’s that life can be unpredictable. Never has it been more important to have a robust Plan B in place for the unexpected – no matter what life throws at you.

If your Plan B doesn’t already include a second citizenship, perhaps now is the time to think about it to protect those you care about the most.

Investing in the Antigua & Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Programme means that whatever happens in life, you and your family can feel secure with the knowledge that you have options for where to live and where to go. With flexibility for your wealth management needs, no tax on your worldwide income nor inheritance tax, you can rest assured that your family’s best interest is served both now and in the future.

Furthermore, not only is Antigua & Barbuda amongst the fastest-growing economies in the Caribbean region and an international financial centre whose legal system is based on British Common Law, but there are countless investment and business opportunities available in a variety of sectors.

Visa-free access to over 150 countries across the globe allows you to jump on a plane to that business meeting or conference at a moment’s notice. The world is indeed your oyster.

And should you wish to relocate to these safe, peaceful and beautiful twin islands, you will find yourself in a multicultural society with world-class education opportunities, a strong healthcare system and business-friendly environment. The country’s strategic geographic location in the Eastern Caribbean together with regular flights to major business hubs in North America and London means you will always be well connected, whether for business or leisure.


So, is second citizenship of Antigua & Barbuda part of YOUR PLAN B? |


citizenship investment programme


Существуют четыре вида инвестиций, благодаря которым

вы можете стать кандидатом на получение гражданства на

райских островах Антигуа и Барбуда. Вы можете выбрать один

из вариантов: безвозмездный взнос в государственный фонд

экономического развития (NDF) или в фонд Университета

Вест-Индии, инвестиции в недвижимость в один из одобренных

правительством проектов или инвестиции в бизнес в одно из

утвержденных коммерческих предприятий. Заявитель должен быть

старше 18 лет, не иметь судимостей и иметь отличное здоровье. При условии одобрения заявления, вы и ваша семья получите пожизненное гражданство и сможете наслаждаться безвизовым

въездом в более чем 165 юрисдикционных территорий.



Некоммерческий фонд NDF был учрежден с целью

финансирования предпринимательских государственных

проектов, инноваций в предпринимательстве и одобренных

благотворительных проектов. Деятельность фонда проверяется

международно признанной аудиторской фирмой, ежегодно

публикуется доклад о состоянии дел.

Если вы выбрали этот вариант инвестиций, то вам предлагается

внести в государственный фонд экономического развития NDF

сумму в 100 000 долларов США, это единовременный взнос для

семьи из четырех человек. Ниже указана сумма сбора за обработку


Для одного заявителя или семьи из четырех или менее человек:

• Взнос 100 000 долларов США Сбор за обработку данных: 30 000 долларов США.

Для семьи из 5 и более человек:

• Взнос 125 000 долларов США

Сбор за обработку данных: 45 000 долларов США, 15 000 долларов

США за каждого дополнительного иждивенца свыше пяти членов семьи.


Этот вариант инвестиции создан для финансирования кампуса Five Islands Университета Вест-Индии. Это денежное вложение дает право на получение стипендии сроком на один год (только плата за учебу) для одного члена семьи в Университете Вест-Индии.

Для семьи из 6 человек:

• Взнос 150 000 долларов США • Сбор за обработку данных: 15 000 долларов США за каждого

дополнительного иждивенца.


Вы и члены вашей семьи можете получить гражданство купив недвижимость в Антигуа и Барбуда. Выбрав этот вариант

инвестиционной программе

инвестиции, вы также сможете получать доходы от аренды. Чтобы стать кандидатом на получение гражданства в случае выбора этого варианта, вы должны вложить в один из официально утвержденных объектов недвижимости не менее 400 000 долларов США, или два (2) ассоциированных лица/кандидата на гражданство могут сделать совместное вложение, минимальная сумма взноса каждого участника составляет 200 000 долларов США, также возможно минимальное вложение в 200 000 долларов США в долю официально утвержденного объекта недвижимости.

Вы сможете продать недвижимость не ранее, чем через 5 лет. По истечении этого срока, собственники могут перепродать

объекты недвижимости или их доли последующим кандидатам на гражданство, как один из утвержденных вариантов вложений. Ниже указана сумма сбора за обработку данных.

Для одного заявителя или семьи из четырех или менее человек:

• Сбор за обработку данных: 30 000 долларов США.

Для семьи из 5 и более человек:

• Сбор за обработку данных: 45 000 долларов США, 15 000 долларов США за каждого дополнительного иждивенца свыше пяти членов семьи.

ИНВЕСТИЦИИ В БИЗНЕС Подразделение по вопросам инвестиционного гражданства (CIU) после согласования с Инвестиционным департаментом Антигуа и Барбуды (ABIA) официально одобряет коммерческие предприятия для программы инвестиционного гражданства (CIP). Это может быть как новый, так и уже существующий бизнес.

Существуют два варианта инвестиций в бизнес:

• Инвестировать как минимум 1 500 000 долларов США в одобренный бизнес.

• Другой вариант - это инвестировать в бизнес нескольким

заявителям, общая сумма вложений должна быть не менее 5 000 000 долларов США. При этом каждый заявитель обязан вложить в общий проект не менее 400 000 долларов США.

Для одного заявителя или семьи из четырех или менее человек:

• Сбор за обработку данных: 30 000 долларов США.

Для семьи из 5 и более человек:

• Сбор за обработку данных: 45 000 долларов США, 15 000

долларов США за каждого дополнительного иждивенца свыше пяти членов семьи.

Сбор за обработку данных для дополнительных иждивенцев: 10 000 долларов США за детей младше 5 лет, 20 000 долларов США за детей от 6-17 лет, 50 000 долларов США за взрослых старше 18 лет. За будущего супруга/супругу основного заявителя сбор в 50 000 долларов США подлежит уплате по заявлению.




Часто задаваемые вопросы

Почему в Антигуа и Барбуда существует гражданство по инвестиционной программе?

Программа была создана для содействия экономическому

росту, развитию рынка недвижимости, увеличения объемов прямых иностранных инвестиций в страну, поддержки развития инфраструктур и обеспечения надежного будущего.

Сколько стран я смогу посещать без визы как гражданин Антигуа и Барбуда?

Вы сможете посещать без визы более 165 стран, включая страны Евросоюза и Шенгенского соглашения, Гонконг и Сингапур.

Сколько составляет срок рассмотрения заявления?

Срок рассмотрения заявления может занять от 3 до 6 месяцев.

Кто может претендовать на получение гражданства?

Для того, чтобы претендовать на получение гражданства

Антигуа и Барбуда вы должны быть старше 18 лет , иметь хорошую репутацию, не иметь судимостей и обладать хорошим состоянием здоровья.

Должен ли я владеть английским языком, чтобы претендовать

на получение гражданства?

Для того, чтобы претендовать на получение гражданства вы не обязаны владеть английским языком.

Кто может быть включен в заявление?

В заявление могут быть включены финансово зависимые дети до 28 лет и находящиеся на иждивении родители старше 58 лет.

Как вы проводите проверку на благонадежность заявителей?

Личные собеседования не проводятся. Однако, все заявители проходят строгую проверку Подразделением по вопросам инвестиционного гражданства. Полностью укомплектованное дело передается в международную, объективную, независимую службу проверки на


citizenship investment programme

благонадежность, которая проводит тщательную проверку личных данных всех заявителей.

Что происходит после того, как мое заявление получает одобрение?

Выдается справка о регистрации гражданства, которая передается в паспортную службу. Затем ваш уполномоченный агент / представитель отправляет вам ваши паспорта и свидетельство о гражданстве.

Для окончательного оформления дела мне необходимо лично приезжать в Антигуа и


Подача документов возможна из страны вашего проживания. После успешного разрешения вашего дела и получения паспорта, вы должны приехать в Антигуа и Барбуда, чтобы принять присягу или подтвердить

подданство. Вы имеете право установить место постоянного проживания в Антигуа и Барбуда в любое время по вашему желанию.

Признает ли Антигуа и Барбуда двойное гражданство?

В Антигуа и Барбуда нет ограничений для двойного гражданства.

Сколько лет будет действителен мой паспорт? Паспорт действителен 5 лет и он продлевается на 10 лет, при выполнении всех требований, таких как минимальный срок пребывания в стране после получения гражданства –пять дней.

Могу я инвестировать в Биткойнах или других криптовалютах?

Пока этот вопрос находится в работе, но пока ещё не разрешен.

В дополнение к программе инвестиционного

гражданства существует в Антигуа и Барбуда программа налогового резиденства?

В данный момент в Антигуа и Барбуда не существует программы налогового резиденства.

Если у вас возникли любые другие вопросы, пожалуйста, свяжитесь с уполномоченным представителем, лицензированным агентом или напрямую с Подразделением по вопросам инвестиционного гражданства.

по инвестиционной
16 • MAY 2023


citizenship investment programme

通过投资项目获取安提瓜和 巴布达公民身份

有下列四种投资方式,可以让您有资格获得天堂般的安提瓜和 巴布达岛国的公民身份。作为申请人,您可以选择向国家发展 基金(NDF)捐款,向西印度群岛大学基金会捐款,在预先批准的 房地产开发项目中购买房产,或投资于经批准的商业企业。 作 为候选人,您必须年龄超过18岁,无犯罪记录,身体健康。

申请成功后,您和您的家人会获得终身公民身份,并享有在超 过165个国家旅行免签的优势。


非盈利性质的国家发展基金的成立是为了为创收公共部门项 目、创业创新和经批准的慈善投资提供资金。它由一家国际公 认的会计师事务所审计,并且每年都会公布其财务状况报告。

如果这是您的投资选择,您需要向国家发展基金捐款十万美 金,这是四口之家一次性的捐款数额.办理费用如下所示。


• 十万美金捐款

办理费用: 三万美金 请查阅限期价格*。


• 十二万五千美金

办理费用:四万五千美元,五人之外每增加一人需多缴一万五 千美元。


这一投资选项用于为西印度群岛大学的五岛新校区提供融 资。这一捐款将使捐款家庭的一员可以获得一项为期一年的 奖学金,即免除在西印度群岛大学一年的学费。


• 十五万美金捐款


• 办理费用:每个增加成员需缴一万五千美金。


您和您的家人可以通过在安提瓜和巴布达购买房产来获得公 民身份。您也可以通过此投资从租金收入中受益。为通过此项 投资获得公民身份,您需要投资一个指定的,经官方批准的价 值至少为四十万美元的房地产开发项目,可两(2)个关联方或 申请人共同投资,每人投资至少二十万美元,或在被批准的房


在出售房产前,您需要拥有它至少五年。在此期间,业主可以 向后续的申请者转售房产单元或份额,作为后者的投资房产。



• 办理费用: 三万美金请查阅限期价格*。


• 办理费用:四万五千美元,五人之外每增加一人需多缴一万 五千美元。

商业投资 在与安提瓜和巴布达投资局(ABIA)协商后,投资公民部门 (CIU)批准现有或提议的商业项目,以便外国人在投资公民计 划(CIP)下投资。


• 投资至少一百五十万美元给一项预先批准的商业活动。

• 或者,至少有两个申请人可以提议对经批准的企业进行联合 投资,总投资至少为五百万美元。每个投资者至少支付四十 万美金。


• 办理费用: 三万美金请查阅限期价格*。


• 办理费用:四万五千美元,五人之外每增加一人需多缴一万 五千美元。

每增加一人的办理费用:5岁以下的孩子一万美元,6-17岁的 孩子两万美元,18岁上成人五万美元。



布达的公民身份 问&答

为什么安提瓜和巴布达推行通过投资获得公民身份 项目?

这个项目旨在增进经济发展,促进房地产开发,增加外 国对本国的直接投资,支持基础设施建设并提供可持 续发展。

作为安提瓜和巴布达公民,我可以免签到多少个国家 旅行?

您可以去往超过165个司法管辖区,包括欧盟和申根 国家,香港和新加坡。




申请安提瓜和巴布达的公民身份,您至少需要18周岁, 无犯罪记录并且身体健康。




您抚养的年龄小于28岁的孩子和赡养的超过58岁的 老人可以被包括在申请中。


没有面试环节。但是,所有申请人在获得公民身份前 都要经过公民投资部门严格的筛选。完整的文件将转 发给国际上公正的第三方尽职调查服务提供商,该服 务提供商将对所有申请人进行详细的背景调查。



citizenship investment programme

将颁发公民身份登记证书并提交给护照办公室。您 的授权代理人/代表将转发您的护照和公民身份证明 给您。


申请环节可以在您的居住国完成。一旦您的申请成功 并收到护照,您需要亲自到安提瓜和巴布达来宣誓或 承认效忠。您随时可以定居在安提瓜和巴布达。




护照有效期五年,此后可续期10年,续期的前提是符合 要求,包括在成为公民后在护照有效期间在该国度过 至少5天。

我可以用我的比特币或其他虚拟货币投资吗? 这还在筹备中,但尚未实行。

除了投资计划获取公民身份外,安提瓜和巴布达还有 税务定居计划吗?



ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023


licensed agents

• Eugene Abbott: ABI Financial Group:

• McAlister Abbott: Global Citizenship Partners:

• Leslie-Ann Brissett George: Leslie-Ann Brissett Legal Services:

• Sharon Cort-Thibou: Turnkey Antigua:

• Verlyn L. Faustin: Cives Mundi Inc

• Hollis E. Francis Jr.:


• Thomas Francis: Caribbean Concierge

• T.M. Rufus Gobat:

Caribbean Lifestyle Services:

• Nigel Gore: Blueprint Development:

• Jason Hadeed: Gambit Management Ltd:

• Gaye Hechme: Island Living Investment Services Ltd:

• Julia Herbert:

• Marian-Barbara Hesse: B. Hesse & Associates:

• Radford Hill: Hill & Hill Chambers:

• Alan Hosam: AH Consultancy Services Ltd

• Kevin Hosam:

Exclusive Concierge Antigua Barbuda:

• Kelvin John: Thomas, John & Co:

• Nuri Katz: Apex Capital Partners:

• Abire Mansoor: Citizens International:

• Kirthley Maginley: James & Maginley Ltd:

• Elizabeth Makhoul: Arton Capital:

• Maya Mansoor-Khouly:

Atlantik Realty:

• Mythsie Murphy: Citizens International:

• Juliette Marcelle-Bailey: James & Maginley Ltd:

• Andrea Roberts-Nicholas: Roberts & Co:

• Vanetta Rodgers: Avco Corporate Services Ltd:

• Jermaine C. Rhudd:

• Mei Tang: Global Citizenship Partners:

• Romell Tiwari: AIT Management Services Ltd:

• Arthur Thomas: Thomas, John & Co:

• Joseph Warner: JDW Consulting Ltd:

• Robert Wilkinson: Grant Thornton:

• Stanley Yang:

26 THE
as proven citizenship by investment agents we are the perfect one-stop-shop for all your needs.
Trust us for your peace of mind. When making a serious decision, you need a serious
We are trusted real estate consultants in Antigua & Barbuda, specialised in finding the best property for you, whether you are looking for a second home, a high-return investment rental property, a commercial property, local market advisory or representation.

Citizenship by Investment The Ultimate Insurance Policy for the Modern Era

I've been in the investment migration market for nearly three decades, watching it grow from infancy to adolescence, with all the ups and downs that entails. The recent meeting in St Kitts in February was a significant milestone for the five Caribbean states offering citizenship by investment (CBI) programmes, namely Antigua & Barbuda, St Kitts & Nevis, Dominica, Grenada, and St Lucia. Delegates from these states, including their Prime Ministers, met with a delegation from the US government to discuss CBI, marking a historic moment in their relationship.


TThe most critical outcome of this meeting was the US's recognition of CBI programmes as a legitimate source of capital and a service that has significantly boosted the economies of these countries over the last two decades. CBI revenues are invaluable for funding infrastructural and development projects and building resilience against external shocks such as the climate emergency, financial crises, and conflict. It was accepted that dismantling these CBI programmes would severely compromise the prosperity of these countries. The US agreed to recognise these programmes in exchange for the five Caribbean states agreeing to six principles aimed at safeguarding the integrity of the programmes and protecting the financial system from illicit actors. While this meeting was a positive step forward, I wonder if the US Department of the Treasury is aware that Americans are now among the top patrons of these programmes. Since 1994, I have helped thousands of international private clients become residents or citizens of a new country, but I never expected to see the United States suddenly become a significant source country for CBI. The answer to why an American would want a second passport has become apparent over the last five years. Whether it’s a concern over taxes, recent Supreme Court rulings, Black Lives Matter, school mass shootings, or just a plain desire for a lifestyle change, affluent Americans are starting to look abroad and are discovering the benefits of a second passport. As I write this article, another school shooting in Tennessee has added to the alarmingly growing trend over the last couple of years.

A recent poll conducted by Gallup has revealed that Americans are increasingly pessimistic about the future quality of life of the next generation. Moreover, this pessimism is particularly pronounced among higher-income earners. Specifically, the poll found that individuals with annual household incomes under US$40,000 are more optimistic about the future, with 52 percent expressing positivity. In contrast, only around 40 percent of those in higher income groups share the same sentiment.


The pandemic significantly transformed the American mindset, prompting many to consider acquiring a second citizenship. At the peak of the COVID outbreak, travelling to large swathes of the world was off-limits for Americans, rendering their passport relatively powerless. Surprisingly, the tiny nation of Antigua & Barbuda boasted greater travel privileges during the pandemic than the United States, as it was not subject to the same restrictions.


For example, if you held Antigua & Barbuda citizenship during the pandemic, you were able to explore over 150 countries without a visa, whereas the US had access to only about 78. This predicament affected everyone, regardless of their social status, leaving many Americans unprepared for such a major inconvenience.

The pandemic has also highlighted that you don’t need to be in a skyscraper in Manhattan to earn a decent living and keep business moving forward. Thanks to digital technology, we have learned that changing our approach to work can enhance our productivity and help us achieve a better work-life balance. This has given rise to the "digital nomad" - someone who earns a living working online from different locations of their choice instead of in a fixed office. This has opened the eyes of many Americans who have realised that obtaining a second citizenship can offer greater flexibility in terms of travel, work, and lifestyle.

The pandemic also highlighted the advantages of having citizenship instead of just residency status. Some countries allowed only their citizens to return during the height of the outbreak. For instance, if you owned a property in St Lucia and wished to spend several months there during the pandemic, you could only do so if you were a citizen of the island. As a citizen, you have the state's protection, and they would have been obligated to allow you entry into the country. Most wealthy Americans with overseas properties hadn't anticipated this reality, and it emphasised the importance of having a second citizenship in one’s toolkit. It is fair to say that a second citizenship is the ultimate modern-day insurance policy: it's better to have it and not need it than to need it and not have it. Although there was some minor demand for alternative citizenship among Americans before the pandemic, it certainly wasn't as prevalent in the public consciousness as it is now.


The Caribbean has long attracted affluent Americans seeking a second home or residence with its warm climate, stunning beaches, and laid-back lifestyle. Furthermore, the Caribbean offers several financial incentives for investors, such as favourable tax laws, accessible property prices, and attractive rental yields.

Investing in a second citizenship in the Caribbean not only offers a tropical paradise but also the freedom to work and settle anywhere in the region. And thanks to the CARICOM regional organisation, which boasts 15 member states and five associate member states, obtaining citizenship through one of the five available CBIs additionally allows you to work and settle in the other member states.

As the world becomes increasingly complex and uncertain, it is no surprise that wealthy Americans are considering a Plan B. Whether they are worried about political instability and social unrest at home or simply seeking greater freedom and mobility, Americans are looking to improve their S.M.I.L.E., by enhancing their Safety, Mobility, Insurance Policy, Lifestyle, and Expanding their business and educational opportunities for their children abroad.


As the world becomes more complex and uncertain, it is not surprising that Americans are exploring the idea of a good Plan B. Investing in a second citizenship in the Caribbean can provide investors with a unique opportunity to obtain an alternative passport, enabling visa-free travel to over 130 countries, access to attractive tax regimes as well as enjoying the unrivalled and relaxing Caribbean lifestyle.

The decision to invest in a second citizenship is a personal one that will depend on a variety of factors, including one’s financial situation, lifestyle goals, and risk tolerance. However, it is vital to explore all available options and to stay informed about the opportunities available in the ever-changing marketplace.

As Howard Ruff famously said, “It wasn't raining when Noah built the ark.” The time to consider a second citizenship may be now before the storm hits.

31 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023


Water is undoubtedly the essence of life. But not all water is created equal. Although approximately 70 percent of Earth's surface is covered in water, less than one percent is readily available and safe for human consumption.

AAccess to clean water is something many of us take for granted. We turn on the tap, and there it is – fresh, drinkable water, ready to quench our thirst, wash our clothes, fill our swimming pools or allow us to enjoy a long, hot shower. But this is a literal pipe dream for over two billion people on our planet. That’s right; two billion people live without access to safe water, and two million children die every year due to poor quality or a lack of water. It’s a sobering thought. So, what if we could solve the world’s water scarcity crisis by converting air into water?

Or produce water with no wastage and little to no environmental footprint? Or have an abundant and constant supply of 100 percent pure water anywhere, anytime and even off-grid?

Sounds incredible, doesn’t it?

Enter Beyond Water. Its ground-breaking atmospheric water generation (AWG) technology is doing just that. Whilst it may sound like something straight out of science fiction, this innovative technology is making waves around the world by guaranteeing water security for countries, governments, businesses, industries, livestock and individuals alike. It is no exaggeration to say that AWG technology has the potential to change the world. In fact, the whole of humanity can be watered and sanitised with less than one percent of the humidity available in the atmosphere.

Driven by the increasing demand for clean and potable water, especially in areas with limited access to clean water or where existing water sources are contaminated, the atmospheric water generator market is conservatively expected to reach US$14.05 billion by 2030.

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) like Antigua have long grappled with water scarcity. Without rivers and natural freshwater, Antigua relies solely on rainfall or desalination for its water supply. Unfortunately, recent years have seen a decline in rainfall, leaving the island with limited options for fresh water. Desalination, which is expensive and energy-intensive, also poses a threat to the marine ecosystem by killing off tiny organisms during seawater intake and releasing harmful brine and chemical by-products. For an island like Antigua that prides



itself on its eco-credentials and its pristine coastline and marine wildlife to attract tourism and fuel the economy, it is not sustainable in the long run. Being particularly vulnerable to climate change, 71 percent of SIDs risk water shortage, rising to 91 percent for those with particularly low altitudes. But it’s not just lack of rain and the increasing number of droughts affecting the amount of water on islands like Antigua; instead, they are often victims of their own success. As populations increase and tourism and cruise industries flourish, bringing jobs and prosperity to many small islands, demand for water is skyrocketing. And when that resource is already scarce, something must be done to keep the balance. So, what if Antigua could provide its residents, farmers and hotels with all the water they needed simply by creating water from air sustainably and affordably? What is certain is that tapping into the original freshwater resource with the revolutionary AWG technology has mind-boggling potential. So, how does it work?

Making water from air may sound too good to be true. But the fact is that the air we breathe contains a staggering six times more water than all the world’s rivers combined – an astounding six billion Olympic-sized swimming pools worth. Within just a few hours of installation using a simple “Plug & Play” and scalable solution, the Beyond Water machine will begin to produce water. It pulls air from the atmosphere and and removes all of the particles and pollutants from the air we breathe. The 100 percent purified air is then passed over a cold surface where it is condensed and put through a multistage filtration process to remove particles, bad smells and taste before being oxidised and remineralised for optimal human consumption. The result is water that is not only 100 percent pure and safe to drink but far exceeds the rigorous international standards set by the World Health Organisation.

Furthermore, Beyond Water preserves the water-soluble minerals essential to human well-being and goes the extra mile by using specially designed cartridges to enhance water quality with additional vital minerals, which can be customised on demand to improve plant, animal and human health. This extra attention to detail is the proverbial cherry on top, ensuring that the water produced by Beyond Water is not just pure but also incredibly beneficial to our bodies.

With a production capacity of anywhere from 250 to millions of litres of 100 percent pure water every day, it is suitable for hospitality, domestic use, sanitation, farming, irrigation, and even livestock. With this impressive capability, Beyond Water can even play a crucial role in ensuring Antigua’s water and food security for generations to come.

And with instant support for 11 of the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it is safe to say that Beyond Water’s atmospheric water technology helps drive us all towards a more sustainable and equitable world from the very first drop.

33 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023

Do you want to know more...?


What is the maximum amount of water that can be produced daily?

The sky's the limit. The largest machines produce 5,000 litres per day and can be racked and stacked to produce millions upon millions per day.

I am living off-grid on a farm. Can I use this technology?

Absolutely. With Atmospheric Water Generation (AWG) technology, you can make water anywhere, anytime and on any power source.

Our business has a desalination plant to ensure water supply; how can we benefit from switching to AWG technology?

Apart from reducing the environmental footprint and benefiting the ocean and marine habitat, the water produced from the air is 100 percent pure. In addition, Beyond Water’s patented technology uses the air it purifies to supply air-conditioning units, generating significant savings whilst drastically improving the quality of the air we breathe when in an airconditioned environment.

We just bought an offshore island; can we depend entirely on Beyond Water, even for drinking water? Since 100 percent pure water is produced from the air and the machines are scalable to any need, it’s a turnkey water solution for the whole island’s needs. Moreover, it will strengthen your eco-credentials.

What is the difference between regular bottled water and Beyond Water?

Beyond Water is cheaper, cleaner and tastes better than ultrapremium bottled water. The mineral dosing capability offers significant customisation and water grades for plants, animals or people.

How much do the machines cost?

It all depends on the set-up, usage and scale and whether or not the machines are installed to provide 100 percent pure drinking water, to cool a building or if specialised steel to prevent corrosion from elements is required.

Do you need any specific technical knowledge to use the machines? With a “Plug & Play” approach, anybody can operate them. Once connected to a power source and switched on, the machine will do the rest with deliberate simple maintenance procedures.

What temperature and humidity levels are required for the machines to produce water?

Beyond Water machines operate with the widest temperature and humidity ranges available today from 59-122°F (15-50°C). Optimum performance occurs from 84.2 °F (29°C) and relative humidity of 80 percent.

Is it expensive to produce water with this technology?

No, it is not. Only 0.25 units of energy are consumed to produce one litre of the highest quality water and 100 percent purified air at no extra cost.

Do the machines have any special power requirements?

The machines can work with any power source: solar panels, solar/ wind power, national grid or with oilpowered generators as a backup to a sustainable solution.

Where can the machines be installed?

Atmospheric water generators can be installed anywhere water is needed. This can be in either agricultural or urban locations, given the decentralised and scalable capabilities of the machines. For example, airports, government offices, hospitals

and health care centres, hotels, schools and universities, agriculture and livestock holdings, manufacturing plants, ocean-going vessels, parklands and residential communities. Anywhere where water is scarce, contaminated or expensive to source. Anywhere you like, really.

How does this technology differ from others in the market?

The power consumption is, on average, 77 percent lower compared most other machines in the market, resulting in greater economies of scale, less drain on energy resources and a more positive, long-term environmental impact.

How often do filters need to be changed, and is it hard to do?

The carbon and sediment filters are changed once every six months. Air filters need to be cleaned and backwashed regularly. Hassle-free maintenance is one of the key benefits.

Are there any safety features installed in the machines?

Yes, there are. To prevent overuse or damage, the machine turns off automatically for 10 minutes after every 90 minutes of usage, while minerals are customised to ensure only the highest quality of water.

What is the lifespan of an individual machine?

With proper maintenance, machines will operate for a minimum of 15 years.

Can I really get pure drinking water from air that may have impurities in it?

Absolutely - Beyond Water technology cleans and condenses the atmospheric vapour and generates only the purest form of water, from drinking to alkaline to medical grade.

35 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023
For more information email us on

thought leadership


he past few years have been a real eye-opener about how unpredictable the future can be. Nobody could have guessed that by 2023, we would have just overcome a tough pandemic only to face a war in Europe, supply chain issues, a shaky energy scene, and skyrocketing inflation. Even the wealthiest countries are feeling the rising cost of living, while the changing political and economic alliances are shaping a new world order. It is still too early to say how all this will play out, but I will share a few thoughts on global trends and developments that can potentially influence the future landscape of investment migration.


Investment migration is rapidly evolving. As a result of the pandemic, the number of digital nomad visas has steadily risen, while many countries now offer either entrepreneur or start-up visas.

Estonia was the first country to launch a digital nomad visa in 2020. Just two years later, in 2022, more than 25 countries ran similar programmes, making it one of the most important trends in the immigration space in recent years. These programmes, which allow foreign individuals to live and work in the host country between six months and five years, are still relatively new and essentially an experiment. However, with an estimated 35 million digital nomads worldwide contributing US$787 billion per year, it’s safe to say that these visas are here to stay.

Elsewhere, start-up visa programmes have become increasingly popular to attract entrepreneurial talent. In 2022, around 40 nations, including most OECD countries, had some form of start-up-related programme in place. In fact, migration policies in many countries are moving away from being focused on traditional family or employment-related immigration and are crafted more around entrepreneurial and highly skilled individuals.

Start-up-related visas attract fewer negative sentiments, do not generally spur contentious opinions, and garner wider partisan support. Secondly, if appropriately managed, start-up visa programmes can potentially leave substantial economic multiplier outcomes on a nation’s economy, creating growth


opportunities in new innovative areas. Meanwhile, the average age of multi-millionaires worldwide has decreased over the last two decades. Investment migration service providers report that in emerging market economies, the average age of applicants is between 35 and 45 years old. Many are young entrepreneurs spurring demand for active investment options instead of traditional passive alternatives.


Currently, investment migration is largely driven by Gen X and Millennial customers. However, the next big spending power is Generation Alpha: the children of Millennials born from 2010 to 2024. Although the demographic transition is still a way off, the investment migration community needs to start catering for these new realities.

Forecast to be the largest generation ever, by 2025, two billion of them will be living mainly in Asia. By 2030, the first Gen Alphas will be young adults and the recipients of the largest intergenerational wealth transfer in history whilst living in a digital world where social media and AI are the norm.

For Gen Z and Gen Alpha, themes such as the environment, general well-being, and technology ought to be more central, while those who wish to win them as clients need to adapt their communication methods. Bureaucracy, antiquated portals and slow processes will not attract the upcoming generations.


If there was one headline that dominated business publications this past year, it was the arrival of the metaverse, which many believe will redefine how people interact with their environment and each other.

KPMG predicts that by 2040, digital citizenship will thrive, and many individuals will have given up their physical passports for virtual citizenship. They forecast, “There are at least 11 virtual nations now with a combined population of 200 million ‘citizens’ and a GDP above US$100 billion each. Their citizens enjoy higher incomes and live in ‘gated communities’ that have their own security. Benefits like virtual welfare, employment, and other amenities are vastly superior to those provided by physical nations, creating a substantial lifestyle gap between citizens of physical nations and those in virtual nations, who are dual citizens of the physical country they reside in.”

The future of the metaverse is far from certain and still several years away. However, a likely scenario is that individuals are physical residents of one country but meta citizens of another because they connect with the values, ideologies, and laws of the meta state more than with those of their base in the real world. Moreover, they conduct business with like-minded forward-thinkers in the metaverse, attend the best universities online, and invest in digital real estate using crypto.

If you think the idea is far-fetched, consider Estonia’s successful e-residency programme. While e-residents are permitted to open bank accounts, start companies, sign documents, and pay tax under Estonian jurisdiction and law, they gain no rights to live in Estonia, nor do they accrue any other kind of physical benefit.


The future of migration policy is undoubtedly complex. However, one trend that is likely to continue is the increasing demand for investment migration as geopolitical tensions and market volatility create new desires for security. In addition, it is likely to continue playing a significant role in attracting foreign investment and funding key government activities in many countries. Given limited room to increase taxes, the opportunity to raise revenue from investment migration will remain a major motivation for countries to retain or introduce investment migration pathways. As such, the industry will likely remain an important tool for continued economic growth and stability. However, as the average age of multimillionaires decreases, and young entrepreneurs prefer more active investment options, investment migration must adapt quickly to the evolving market.

“One trend that is likely to continue is the increasing demand for investment migration as geopolitical tensions and market volatility create new desires for security.”
ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023

E R R A T G U A D E L O U P E - D O M I N I C A

c u s t o m i t i n e r a r i e s c r a f t e d f o r t h e e x p e r i e n c e o f a l i f e t i m e a l l - i n c l u s i v e s a i l i n g y a c h t c h a r t e r


F U L L D A Y R H Y T H M O F T H E S E A s a i l t h e s t u n n i n g A n t i g u a c o a s t l i n e , e x p l o r e u n t o u c h e d b e a c h e s , s n o r k e l u n i q u e r e e f s a n d r e l a x t o t h e r o c k i n g w a v e s i n c l u d e s a c u r a t e d s e l e c t i o n o f a l c o h o l i c a n d n o n - a l c o h o l i c d r i n k s c a t e r e d l u n c h a n d a s u n s e t t o a s t p a d d l e b o a r d s , s n o r k e l i n g g e a r , i n f l a t a b l e s u p t o 4 p r i v a t e s t a t e r o o m s f o r u s e 6 a n d 8 h o u r o p t i o n s

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thought leadership


aving lived on and off in the Caribbean for 20 years, with 15 of those in Antigua, I have never seen such a promising pathway ahead of this country.

Growing up in eastern Canada, the word ‘Caribbean’ spoke of sunny days with clear green water sparkling behind a white sandy beach. But, beyond this physical appeal of the destination that Antigua has historically enjoyed, the country now additionally offers an international refuge for several 21st-century plights.

These include medical lockdowns, rising authoritarianism, and an escape from tax-gathering governments that have been creating money for over a decade out of nothing and now need someone to pay their piper.

Not the least of these plights is the West’s culture war on itself. Many of us who consider ourselves classical liberals believe that we won the major ideological conflicts of the 21st century.

We fought successfully against and defeated imperialism in the first world war, fascism in the second, and communism in the cold war.

Liberal capitalist democracy proved itself to be the leading ideology. And as the 20th century drew to a close and the 21st century rolled out, this capitalism helped bring over a billion people out of poverty worldwide. The number of people living in poverty in developing countries went from more than 50 percent in 1990 to less than 15 percent in 2015, thanks to the effects of capitalism.

Technological innovation removed the need for phone lines and cables, and high-speed internet is reaching all parts of the globe thanks to Elon Musk and Starlink. Armed conflict has steadily fallen around the world, and the internet now


gives anyone anywhere more information at the press of a button than the Library of Congress contains in all its volumes of printed material.

One would think this would be a period of growing peace and tranquillity in the Western nations that led this change, but that is not the case. Instead, every significant measure of mental health is showing the exact opposite, with depression, drug addiction, and suicide numbers exploding in the USA and that trend spreading elsewhere.

I thought we were entering a post-racial society where everyone would be judged on the character of their soul and not the colour of their skin. But unfortunately, not only are race differences highlighted today more now than when we were growing up, but in fact, differences of every type are taking precedence in a fascination with identity politics.

These same poisonous ideas were prevalent in the first half of the 20th century and led to Stalin’s capitalist pogroms and Mao’s Cultural Revolution, resulting in more than 50 million deaths.

Like many, I struggle to identify what went wrong, but a simple explanation and one that rings true is the rise of affluence and the rot that has spread from Western schools and the college system. Quite simply, activists need things to be active about, and even though people have been better off in virtually every major way over the last generation, it has not stopped the growth of a victim culture in which someone is made to feel better by the more oppressed they convince themselves they are.

Maybe I am wearing rose-coloured glasses, but it seems to me that Antigua has been doing a good job so far of avoiding this ideological decay. The rise we are seeing

in Western clients in the citizenship programmes also reinforces this hypothesis.

What was exclusively a Chinese-market-led industry 15 to 20 years ago evolved into a travel-benefits industry with more clients from places like the CIS, MENA and African nations. In the last five-plus years, our business has seen a sea change to mostly clients from North America and Western Europe.

In speaking to these clients, almost all are property buyers. While they are not trying to leave their home country per se, they are nervous about the changes they are seeing being embraced by left-leaning governments and legacy media that have lost all impartiality. These are not right-leaning or left-leaning ideologues but rather people who feel they are being pushed out of the middle.

We joke with our clients that the 1980s have not entirely disappeared in Antigua - and we mean the sensibilities have not changed so dramatically in the last 10 to 15 years here as it has in the feeder markets that these new citizens and property owners originate from.

As has been proven again and again, it is the people that make the difference when it comes to economic prosperity, and I feel like we are really sitting in the right place at the right time to attract these international economic immigrants.

I believe that if things continue down the same path in the West, Antigua will become the most-desired nation in the world in which to reside. So, let’s hope we keep our pathway clear of other people’s problems and other countries’ issues and we are able to capitalise on this position we enjoy.

“I believe that if things continue down the same path in the West, Antigua will become the most-desired nation in the world in which to reside.”
ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023

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The Art of Caribbean Living Let


It’s hard to imagine a more romanticised form of travel than cruising. It conjures up images of a luxurious getaway, a chance to see the world’s most beautiful sights while being pampered with gourmet food, top-notch entertainment and endless relaxation. For many, it’s the ultimate vacation experience, and the industry is thriving like never before.

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The popularity of cruising has skyrocketed both in Antigua & Barbuda and worldwide, making it one of the fastest-growing segments of the global tourism industry. More and more “cruiseophiles” are taking to the high seas, and this year alone, the number of passengers is expected to reach 31.5 million, with a projected rise to 39.5 million by 2027. What’s more, cruising is no longer the exclusive domain of the silver-haired brigade. The 30-39 age group is the fastest-growing demographic, followed closely by the 40-49 bracket. Offering a variety of beautiful islands and fascinating cultures in close proximity to each other, it is unsurprising that the Caribbean has become the most popular region for cruising. And amongst its many jewels, our twin-islands stand out for their world-famous 365 beaches, the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Nelson’s Dockyard, and countless other attractions for the discerning traveller. We are strategically evolving and expanding Antigua’s cruise product, which is driving it to become one of the fastest growing in the Caribbean. Moreover, thanks to the government’s strategic investment in port infrastructure, such as the implementation of the fifth cruise berth and redevelopment of Antigua Cruise Port, we are ensuring the cruise sector’s further contribution to the robust economic growth of our valuable

tourism industry. And investments are continuing. We are currently in the process of developing a stateof-the-art terminal building which will be the first of its kind in the Eastern Caribbean, providing a perfect setting for our visitors. Furthermore, the ease of getting into St John’s Harbour and the heart of the city is another important element that sets Antigua & Barbuda apart from other Caribbean islands. All our improvements have yielded concrete and very satisfactory results, particularly for the upcoming summer season. In contrast to a modest three calls last year, an impressive 42 calls are already booked between April and August 2023. In fact, we have experienced a considerable 78.7 percent increase in calls this year, attracting nearly 400,000 passengers to our breathtaking shores. And the good news doesn’t stop there – by the end of this year, that number is set to rise to 600,000 passengers, including 6,800 who will be arriving through the newly introduced homeporting operations. With its natural beauty and unique attributes, Antigua & Barbuda is strategically differentiated from other ports. The ongoing modernisation of the cruise facilities, with the availability of LNG fuel later this year, will put our nation firmly on a path to becoming a major port of call and a leader within the Caribbean industry.

44 THE CITIZEN cover story
“Nestled right in the heart of the Caribbean, Antigua & Barbuda enjoys a prime location for the cruise industry.”



Antigua & Barbuda has long been a paradise for visitors thanks to its stunning natural beauty and incredible white-sand beaches. As the country’s tourism industry goes from strength to strength and is consolidating itself as its primary revenue earner, the cruise industry has emerged as a vital contributor to the sector. Consequently, Antigua Cruise Port is playing a crucial role as the gateway to the island for thousands of visitors from around the globe. Nestled right in the heart of the Caribbean, Antigua & Barbuda enjoys a prime location for the cruise industry. Strategically situated as the closest island to the UK when crossing the Atlantic and boasting excellent brand recognition, especially in the UK, it is a natural choice for cruise itineraries to both the north and south of the island. But having an ideal position isn’t everything as far as the cruise industry is concerned. To solidify Antigua’s position as one of the Caribbean’s premier destinations, Antigua Cruise Port, operated by GPH (Antigua) Ltd a subsidiary of Global Ports Holding Plc since 2019, underwent an extensive redevelopment to accommodate the largest Oasis-class ships and increase capacity from 800,000 to 1,000,000 passengers a year. The construction of this fifth berth, which officially opened in 2020, allows five ships to dock simultaneously. This impressive expansion has already attracted P&O’s Arvia - the largest cruise ship ever to visit the twin islands - to homeport this year, with more vessels set to follow suit next season. Although capable of accommodating even the largest mega vessels, Antigua Cruise Port and its neighbouring counterparts are placing greater emphasis on the luxury market, prioritising quality over quantity. However, this isn’t the only thing they have in common. Considering themselves as partners rather than competitors, they recognise that with over 44 new builds currently on order, they all need ports to visit. And as the Caribbean represents 35 per cent of the global cruise industry,

the region as a whole must come together to provide passengers with an exceptional experience from start to finish. Collaboration is the name of the game. Accordingly, Antigua has begun interporting: a novel approach that involves passengers embarking at multiple ports within the region rather than just one. By working collaboratively, the islands are creating a seamless, high-quality experience for passengers while supporting each other’s tourism industry. With portside improvements complete, the landside is now the focus. While Heritage Quay, home to over 50 duty-free stores, has undergone some improvements, the over 30-year-old structure is set for further upgrades. Adjacent to the Fifth Berth, an exciting upland development is in the works, complete with retail shops, restaurants, cafes and bars to be finished by the end of 2025 and a swimming pool and casino to be constructed in the second phase.

The reason for all these improvements? Like everything on Earth, first impressions are crucial, and this is especially the case in the cruise industry. A beautiful port can lure passengers to disembark. With up to 15 percent of passengers opting to stay onboard during port calls, it’s essential to entice as many as possible to explore the island’s wonders, with the consequent boost to the local economy. But there are even more plans in place. The island is gearing up to promote itself as a port with three stops. The picturesque Falmouth Harbour and Barbuda on the sister island are poised to welcome some of the most luxurious ships - smaller vessels accommodating around 200 passengers and the mega yachts. The focus for these ports is on delivering a tailor-made and high-end experience, bringing together various stakeholders to provide the ultimate one-off experience these luxury passengers crave.

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WWhen the cruise industry is discussed, the word “homeporting” is often bandied around. But what exactly does it mean, and why is it so advantageous for destinations? Essentially, homeporting refers to the starting and ending point of a cruise itinerary, where the ship remains in port between trips and where passengers embark and disembark. For destinations, this can be a game-changer.

When passengers arrive at a destination to embark on their cruise, they are likely to spend at least one night in the area, either before or after their cruise, providing a boost to the local economy in terms of accommodation, food, and other activities. Additionally, many passengers will also choose a “cruise and stay” package, which can provide even more benefits for the destination.

Of course, not every destination is equipped to handle the logistical requirements. But Antigua has got it covered, with an international airport within easy reach of the port, daily flights to and from London and major cities in North America, and a plethora of accommodations and services to cater to the influx of visitors. Consequently, Antigua has recently joined the

homeporting trend by welcoming P&O’s Arvia cruise ship to its new berth at Antigua Cruise Port in St John’s this cruise season. In addition, more cruise lines have confirmed homeporting operations, with Emerald Cruises scheduled for November 2023 and Sea Dream Cruises in November 2024.

Homeporting brings in more than just extra spending by passengers on food and accommodation pre and post-cruise. Provisions need to be shipped in, and local services like garbage disposal and bunker services reap the benefits too.

And the icing on the cake? Homeporting provides an extensive opportunity for visitors to explore and appreciate the unique charms of a destination. Antigua is no exception. Passengers have more time to fall in love with the island’s beauty and maybe even plan a return visit. Since 60 percent of cruise passengers have reported that they would consider revisiting one of the destinations from their cruise, it’s a win-win situation for both the destination and the cruise industry. And let’s be honest, who wouldn’t want to explore Antigua a little more?

Homeporting provides an extensive opportunity for visitors to explore and appreciate the unique charms of a destination.

cover story


TThe cruise industry is a booming business estimated to be worth over US$25 billion today and is expected to continue to rise in the coming years. Providing nearly two million jobs and vital income to destinations around the globe, it has become a cornerstone of global tourism. But like so many things, this success comes at a price, and cruising has been under scrutiny for its environmental footprint. From the fuels used to power the ships to the waste generated onboard, cruising has a significant impact on our planet. Thankfully, the industry is taking active measures through innovation and investment to address these concerns to ensure sustainability for the future. One of the most significant environmental concerns associated with cruising is the emission of greenhouse gases. A single cruise

engines in vessels scheduled to launch in the next few years will be powered by cells or batteries, and 85 percent of upcoming builds will be able to plug into shore terminals and use electricity when docked rather than keep their engines running. But it’s not just about reducing emissions. The cruise industry is also focused on responsible waste management. With thousands of passengers on each vessel, the amount of waste produced can be staggering. To address this, companies are implementing new practices such as recycling, composting, and even turning waste into energy. In fact, some cruise ships are now powered by biofuels derived from food waste, reducing their overall impact on the environment.

Another concern is the impact on marine life. The large size of the ships can damage delicate

While it still has a long way to go, the cruise sector is making progress in reducing its environmental footprint.

ship can emit as much pollution as five million cars in one day! To combat this, many companies are investing in cleaner technologies such as scrubbers (exhaust gas cleaning systems) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) engines, which are thought to reduce sulphur emissions by as much as 99 percent and nitrogen oxide emissions by up to 85 percent. Less expensive than petroleum, using LNG is mutually beneficial for the industry and the environment alike. For this reason, Antigua Cruise Port will be providing LNG fuel later this year. In this vein, Viking has said it is building vessels to run on hydrogen fuel cells, whilst Royal Caribbean Group is launching a ship with a hybrid power source. Indeed, 15 percent of the

coral reefs and disrupt the natural behaviour of marine animals. To minimise this impact, companies are working to develop sustainable practices such as anchoring in designated areas and avoiding sensitive habitats. Some companies are even investing in coral reef restoration programmes to offset any damage that may be caused.

While it still has a long way to go, the cruise sector is making progress in reducing its environmental footprint. With its commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2030 as well as reduce its waste output over the next few years, the industry is making strides towards a more environmentally friendly future.

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Recent upgrades to Antigua Cruise Port in St John’s have created an exceptional new opportunity for travellers seeking to experience the beauty of the twin islands. Thanks to these upgrades, even the largest cruise ships can now dock in Antigua, allowing more passengers to explore all the wonders that Antigua has on offer.

However, for those lucky enough to be travelling on one of the most luxurious – and consequently smaller – vessels, an even more exciting adventure awaits. As Antigua Cruise Port positions itself as a homeport, plans are underway to offer a complete “Antigua & Barbuda Cruise” experience. This unique journey would take the passengers on vessels like the Star Clippers, Club Med 2, and SeaDream Cruises, to Falmouth Harbour and Barbuda after stopping in St John’s. Thanks to their shallow draughts, they can drop anchor in waters that larger ships simply cannot reach, providing an unforgettable experience for the most discerning travellers.

At Falmouth, passengers can enjoy the island at a slower pace. The harbour is just a stone’s throw from the magnificent UNESCO World Heritage Site of Nelson’s Dockyard, the famous Shirley Heights lookout point and the charming English Harbour, where yachties from around the globe hang out.

Visiting Barbuda is a one-in-a-lifetime experience. The island is often overshadowed by its larger sister, but it certainly shines just as brightly. Its incredible pinksand beaches and translucent waters must be seen to be believed. An eco-lover’s paradise, the island is famous for its frigate bird sanctuary – the largest in the Western Hemisphere. With just two flights and a ferry to the island, and a limited amount of accommodation, it is just a fortunate few who usually get to experience this true Caribbean gem.

48 THE CITIZEN cover story
One thing is for sure, Antigua’s endless charms mean one visit will simply not be enough – cruise passengers will be left craving more of this paradise island.



As the saying goes, “You never get a second chance at a first impression.” And when it comes to cruise travel, first impressions are everything. Luckily, Antigua & Barbuda is a true standout when it comes to wowing passengers. But what would you choose to do if you had just one day to spend in paradise?

For many cruise passengers, their first stop is the bustling Heritage Quay, where a myriad of high-end duty-free shops can satisfy even the most demanding of shopaholics. Alternatively, the nearby historic Redcliffe Quay offers a range of independent shops, art galleries, and charming restaurants. Few islands can boast the history on display on this paradise island. With that in mind, many head off directly to Antigua’s UNESCO World Heritage Site, Nelson’s Dockyard, undoubtedly the island’s jewel in the crown. As the only continuously working Georgian-era dockyard, you can roam its magnificent, restored buildings, shops and restaurants for hours. A visit to the equally iconic Shirley Heights is usually combined with this experience, and most visitors leave with a selfie taken in front of Antigua’s most beloved vista.

To understand the heritage of the local people, both in Antigua and the wider Caribbean, a visit to Betty’s Hope is a must. A former sugar plantation built in the 17th century, the site is now a fascinating museum and historic landmark that provides a glimpse into the unimaginable hardships experienced by enslaved workers during colonial times.

Visiting Barbuda is a one-in-a-lifetime experience. The island is often overshadowed by its larger sister, but it certainly shines just as brightly.

For some, the beach is the draw! With some of the finest in the Caribbean, if not the world and with enough options to visit a different one each day of the year, unsurprisingly, large numbers of passengers make a beeline to the glistening white sands and turquoise waters of Antigua’s coastline. Just a hop, skip and jump away from the port in St Johns are the popular Fort James and Dickenson Bay beaches, with their array of watersports and shallow, calm waters. Those who wish to venture further can find the paradisical Valley Church, Ffryes and Darkwood beaches – all spectacular and the perfect place to beachhop between the three.

For the more adventurous, how about zip-lining through the trees in Antigua’s rainforest? This exhilarating experience can be easily combined with a visit to Stingray City, a chance to get up close and personal with these friendly, gentle creatures in the most stunningly transparent waters imaginable. Or what about scuba diving at Cades Reef or snorkelling over the shipwreck at Galleon Bay? For those who prefer to remain above the waves, a catamaran sail or a speedboat tour that circumnavigates the whole island are unforgettable experiences.

With Caribbean cookery classes, rum-tasting tours, hiking, quad-biking, fishing trips, and so much more, the attractions of Antigua are far too numerous to outline here. But one thing is for sure, Antigua’s endless charms mean one visit will simply not be enough – cruise passengers will be left craving more of this paradise island.

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Around 300 ocean sailing cruise ships are currently in operation, and the number grows yearly.

The largest cruise ships are as tall as a 16-story building.

The average age of a cruise passenger is 47, but Caribbean cruises have the youngest passengers, with an average age of 43.

The average cruise passenger spends US$385 in port before boarding a cruise.

Most cruise ships skip deck 13 due to superstition.

The first cruise ships back in the 1840s had cows on board to provide fresh milk.

The Titanic would be barely half the size of most modern cruise ships.

In 2019, the industry created jobs for 1.8 million people and contributed over US$154 billion to the economy globally.

Half of all cruise passengers are from North America, and 24% are from Western Europe.

Over 35% of cruises are Caribbean cruises.

A quarter of US citizens have taken a cruise vacation.

Cruise ships are roughly the same size under the surface of the sea as they are above.

50 THE CITIZEN cover story

Owning a second home is your key to a world of travel

Claudette‘CP’Peters,aka‘TheDiva’isoneofthepremierSocaartistesinAntigua &Barbuda.WithmultipleJumpyandGroovyPartyCrownsunderherbelt,shehas wellandtrulyearnedthetitleofAntigua&Barbuda’sQueenofSoca.Hailingfrom amusicalfamily,andlikemanyofherpeers,Claudettecutherteethatchurch, whereshesangregularlyfromtheageofnine.Aftersingingwithvariousgroups suchastheTaxikBank,Claudettehasenjoyedcontinuedsuccessasasoloartist. The Citizen metupwithClaudettetolearnmoreabouthermusicandwhysheis passionateabouttakingAntiguanculturetotheworld.

How would you describe Soca music to the uninitiated?

Soca music is simply described as a vibe, a feeling you can’t resist. Its blueprint comes from Calypso music with a fusion of African and Indian rhythms. Soca music has two spectrums- Jumpy, which is upbeat and faster but has soulful rhythms and Groovy, which has a mellow and sensual touch. This music satisfies your soul. It’s not even an acquired taste - it just connects with you.

You started singing at church –how did that shape the kind of artist you are today?

It gave me a deep understanding of what lyrics in music meant and how to connect with what is being sung. When you focus on the words of a song, you understand the message, giving you a better appreciation and passion for the art. I have always strived to produce music that can leave the shores of Antigua & Barbuda to empower people. Singing hymns or gospel makes you feel a connection with God, as if He is right there at your side. You praise and worship to connect and feel a presence; likewise, as an artist, I produce music for people to connect.

I create an avenue for soul, passion and deep connection with our heritage.

Why do you think other Caribbean music genres are more well-known than Soca? What would you like to tell anyone unfamiliar with this music?

Other Caribbean genres are more well-known because they were given that level of airplay. Jamaicans have made reggae music their badge of honour. Additionally, having a closer interaction with the USA has afforded them the opportunity to be mainstream and gain more recognition. World-renowned Bob Marley was also a vessel to the international stage. The government and citizens have to own the music and push it to make it reach far and wide. We need to have the confidence and love in our product to sell it to others. Likewise, Zouk and Kompa derive from French territories which are governed by France, which helped expand their market. While we try to push Soca into the international scene, niche marketing in this industry serves as a hindrance. All the islands would have to unite to create a ‘Soca Lives’

campaign to inject into the larger markets.

Who has been your favourite collaboration, and who would be your dream collaboration?

Allison Hinds has been my favourite person that I’ve worked with since she is my mentor and personal friend. She represents class, integrity, passion, self-awareness and, most of all, self-motivation – which is necessary for women in this industry. We have shared so much together in our careers. And ultimately, as a woman in this male-dominated industry, it’s rewarding to have someone to lean on who understands the challenges and milestones achieved.

Lauryn Hill would be my dream ‘collab’. She started at a very young age and has remained humble throughout her career. Her music inspires and speaks of so many of our stories as black Caribbean women.

What makes Antigua’s carnival so special for you, and what would you tell anyone who has never been?

Antigua Carnival has been a part of me from a very young age as my



Claudette Peters

family is very involved in carnival and culture. From the days of ‘Ole Mas’, I always marvelled at this spectacular show highlighting the true essence of Antigua’s culture. It gave me a sense of pride, belonging and excitement to be a product of something so rich. Like performing, it is gratifying to see people enjoy the music and be liberated in the moment. If I were to invite someone who has never been to Antigua’s Carnival, I would tell them to be prepared to feel free and have a burst of extended euphoria.

You’ve won ten Monarch titles! Can you explain what it means to you to win a title and why you have decided to give up competing?

When I look back on my journey, I sometimes get emotional. I feel a sense of accomplishment, but I also feel like my work is not done. With every title, there is a story to tell. My journey has given me so much character but also forced me to be humble and grateful. My wins are never just for me; they are for the people who support me year after year: my family, not only my blood relatives but also my Soca Army, who have rallied behind me through it all. These titles represent my passion and love for the arts.

It is an expensive venture, and a lot goes into preparing for Soca Monarch competitions. First, the right song has to be chosen - it is never about just singing a song. The choreography, the visuals, and the ‘wow factor’ are also to be considered. I have always given my heart to Soca Monarch, and whether I’ve won the title or not, I look for ways to improve and inspire someone who needs a push to make the first step. Now that I have retired from the competition, it is time to

make myself available to those who had the dream I had and help them make that dream a reality.

Can you tell us why you think it is so important to preserve and celebrate Antiguan culture?

Travelling has exposed me to so many cultures and experiences. Each island has characteristics which are unique to them. Antigua has so many aspects of culture that can be showcased and taught to the younger generations so they won’t become extinct.

Our Benna sound needs to be preserved, marketed, and stamped as an Antiguan gem, just as the JabJab is unique to Grenada and Bouyon to Dominica. To top it off, we have 365 beautiful beaches waiting to welcome everyone looking for a paradise to relax and rejuvenate after indulging in our festivities.

You’ve said a lack of female presence exists in the music industry. What do you think can be done to remedy that situation?

I have already started by mentoring and creating special projects for

upcoming and established female artists. We must first understand that there is room for everyone to thrive; we all bring something unique to the art form. Empowering each other is the first step to success, and I have started with me. I am available to be a mentor and a voice for those who are struggling to take the step. It is important that we understand the culture and purpose of what we are committing to. Education is the door of opportunity, and as we know, we need to be willing to equip ourselves with the necessary tools to learn the different levels of our art/industry. It cannot be only about singing - we have to be ready to learn the business and how to be marketable as artists.

Female artists are usually overlooked in this industry, but if given a chance, everyone would be blown away by the plethora of talent and skills that can be produced. Therefore, my foundation is seeking to foster a relationship with these artists to give them the tools and confidence they need to succeed.

What’s your favourite place on the island?

I can’t choose a favourite place. I love spending time in Barbuda, just as I love spending time here. Wherever I am is my favourite place, especially when my friends and family are around.

What’s next for you?

The Claudette Peters Foundation is what’s next for Ms Culture. With the unwavering support of my Soca Army, my industry partners and friends, this dream has started to manifest. I am ready and excited to explore this new chapter of my career. I just lean on God, move with purpose, interact with a pure heart and good intentions - and enjoy life while doing it.

54 THE CITIZEN Interview

Charlie Michael Mind

“I wanted to create educational content that reflects the landscape, accents and rich culture of Antigua & Barbuda.”


BBornandbredinLondon,CharlieMichaelMindisathird-generationAntiguan. Shestartedhercareerinanoilandgasfirmbeforerealisingthatbigbusiness wasn’tforher.Changingtothecharitysector,sheworkedwithyoungpeople, helpingtogivethemopportunitiesinareastheywouldn’tusuallyhaveaccess towithoutaprivate-schooleducation.CharliemovedtoAntiguainJanuary2019 withheryoungchildren.WhilstlivinginAntigua,shespottedagapinthemarket forchildren’stelevisionandstartedCalypsoKidsTV,gearedspecificallytothe Caribbean.Charliemetupwith The Citizen todiscussthisexcitingprojectand totellusmoreaboutmovingacrosstheworldwithherfamilytothebeautifultwin islands.

Can you tell us more about the concept and aim of Calypso Kids TV?

I wanted to create educational content that reflects the landscape, accents and rich culture of Antigua & Barbuda. Most English language content is British or American, and it made me concerned about what message that would seed in young minds. I want young people to see their island reflected back at them on the screen in all its beauty, cultural nuance and historical significance and, in doing so, grow national pride. Therefore, I have created several playlists that speak to various age groups and interests, from preschoolers to older children.

Why is it important for children to see more references to the Caribbean in the media?

There is very little in the media, television or films about the Caribbean, and even less from the viewpoint of a Caribbean person. When we only see negative or false representations of ourselves, this can impact the outcomes of young people. I want to create something that champions Antiguan and Barbudan culture for children here, in the diaspora and for people elsewhere to learn how wonderful the country is. Antigua & Barbuda are beautiful islands that remain uniquely Caribbean, mainly unspoiled by large development and decades of heavy tourism. I want to showcase how wonderful that is, and I hope every video helps to preserve a bit of culture and inspire pride.

Your grandparents and mother moved to London from Antigua in the 1960s. Although you grew up in the UK, how important was your Antiguan heritage to you?

Growing up in the diaspora, one is always asked, “Where are you really from?” Superficially, it seems a benign question, but it’s a constant reminder that you are not really considered British and you belong somewhere else. Fortunately, my household was always very proudly Antiguan; walking through the front door

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in North London felt like being transported into a home in Swetes Village, with aromas of salt fish on the fire and the sound of dominoes slamming on tables and lively conversation. I would love to hear the stories of ‘back home’, and looked forward to our visits where we could eat guava straight from the tree, make jumby bead necklaces and go to pick various leaves for bush tea. My Antiguan heritage is incredibly important to me and something I am proud to pass on to my children.

What are your favourite memories from visits to the island as a child?

We would often come to Antigua, and it was great for me to understand more of my culture and to feel like I belonged. My great-grandfather had bought land on a high hill in Falmouth to graze cattle, with my grandfather later buying more. Some of my fondest memories are of us hiking up through those virgin hills to the top with my grandfather and cousins, where we would enjoy the cool breeze and the spectacular views over Falmouth Harbour and Turtle Bay. It was a great adventure as a child, and it felt like we were real explorers scrambling up steep rocks watching as Granddad would swing his machete, cutting down cassie branches to clear a narrow path for us.

You moved to Antigua in January 2019. What was the reason for moving from your successful lives in London to Antigua?

The move was based on a push and a pull. I now have three children, but when I moved to Antigua full-time, I had a one-year-old and a newborn. With young children, the push was that London was no longer the right gear for me as I hadn’t noticed the fast pace previously when I was part of the rat race. Before getting married, my husband and I had always discussed raising children in Antigua, so it was just a matter of when. The final push came when there was a blizzard of snow in spring. I realised I’d had enough, so I called my husband, who was in sunny South Africa, and told him I was done; it was time for Antigua. The pull was everything Antigua offers. In the first six months, I stayed at our family home on Matthew’s Road, where we had a small farm with sheep, chickens, geese,

turtles and more. My eldest son had the idyllic lifestyle we had hoped for - collecting eggs before preschool and picking the fruit from the tamarind tree. On the weekends, we would go to the beach or horse riding. Now I live in the north with my young family and still love the decision we made to come here. My children are at great schools and have access to fantastic extra-curricular activities.

What other advantages has the move to Antigua given your young children and the family?

Antigua enables my family to live a more outdoorsy, analogue lifestyle. They are all strong swimmers, comfortable around animals and able to identify many indigenous plants and birds. Soon I will be able to teach them the medicinal uses of bushes and how to identify them, just as I was taught. Of course, the UK is not going anywhere, and I’m sure the children may want to experience living there when they are older. However, living in Antigua & Barbuda at this young age gives them a great foundation for life where they can feel comfortable in their own skin and have a strong understanding of their heritage.

What would you say to other families with young children thinking about moving to Antigua?

Come now, why wait? Just book the flights and let do all the hard work for you!

Where is your favourite place in the twin islands?

I can’t narrow it down to just one place, but I can say it’s a feeling and a lifestyle that makes Antigua & Barbuda so special. Whether it’s swimming in clear, tranquil waters, visiting cook shops for freshly prepared local food or hiking through the lush tropical landscape, Antigua & Barbuda is just the best place to be.

What is next for Calypso Kids TV?

I hope to continue creating more entertaining content and reach an even wider audience. We have already had our content aired on a main television network, and it would be great to be aired on more regional and international stations. For this coming year, I hope we can improve our products and make even better content.

58 THE CITIZEN Interview
Offer your family mobility insurance in today’s ever-changing geopolitical landscape


Although self-taught amateur photographer Colin Banks lives in the UK, Antigua holds a big place in his heart. Born and bred in rural Essex in the southeast of England, Colin has always been surrounded by nature, and his childhood was spent roaming the fields where he lived. Thence began his love affair with nature and bird spotting, with that passion continuing today. He specialises in nature shots and, more specifically, macro nature photos. Colin’s incredible images demonstrate a tiny world that human eyes so often miss.

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QA & &

When did you first become interested in photography?

I first became interested in taking photos when I was about eight, but I knew nothing about cameras. I would use my dad’s very basic Brownie camera, which was as simple as they come where you just pushed the button. Unfortunately, neither of my parents were interested in photography, so they couldn’t help me at that time.

Fast forward to the age of 16, I was given a simple Polaroid instant camera that developed the picture while you waited. After buying my first SLR camera with 35mm film when I was in my early twenties, I had no idea how to use it. So I simply took it out and experimented until I got it right. From then on, I progressed step by step without ever having lessons.

You spend a lot of time on the island. What makes Antigua so special for you?

After visiting many European countries and even travelling as far away as Brunei in the Far East, I visited Antigua in 2007 to see what it was like and completely fell in love with the island. Since then, I’ve returned at least once a year apart from when the pandemic hit. The locals have always made me feel extremely welcome, and I have made

some fantastic friends.

I love the Antiguan people, the warmth of their friendship and the great food on offer. And the beaches are probably the best I’ve seen.

What is your favourite subject matter for your photography?

My photography has always been about nature, especially macro nature. I can spend hours searching for butterflies and bees, especially in Antigua, where there is such a variety. My other passion is photographing birds, especially hummingbirds, and I will sit for hours trying to get the right shot.

What is your favourite photo that you have taken?

Probably a photograph of a sparrow hawk when it was only about 12 feet away from me.

What else do you like to do in Antigua when you’re visiting?

The island is also a great place to go fishing, so I usually bring my rods and tackle.

I have been diagnosed with PTSD, which can be stressful sometimes. So going to Antigua with my cameras is great for relaxing and focusing my mind, especially when I am sitting looking at the mind-blowing seascapes, which also make great photos.

To view more of Colin’s work:

Explore, experience, live and invest in Antigua & Barbuda

THE ANTIGUA ISLAND GIRLS take on the Pacific

IInDecember2018,fourfearless women set off from La Gomera intheCanaryIslandsoffthe coast of Africa to row 3,000 miles across the Atlantic Ocean towards their home shores in beautifulAntigua&Barbuda.

Upontheirarrivalatthehistoric Nelson’sDockyardinJanuary 2019, Kevinia Francis, Samara Emanuel,ChristalClashingand ElviraBelldeservedlyreceived a hero’s welcome from the thousands of residents who convergedtocatchaglimpseof this historic moment.

And historic it was. Not only were these four Antiguans the first all-woman team from the Caribbean to compete in the Talisker Whisky Atlantic Challenge (TWAC) but they were also the first all-black team to cross any ocean in the world. Managing to cross the Atlantic in the world’s toughest row in just 47 days, 8 hours and 25 minutes, the ‘Fab Four’ also raised an incredible US$222,000 for their chosen charity as well as inspiring their fellow citizens and women to achieve greatness.

But this intrepid group of women certainly aren’t resting on their laurels. In June this year, they will be taking part in the inaugural Atlantic Campaigns: World’s Toughest Row -

Pacific. Intended to be an annual race, like its Atlantic counterpart, in 2023, 14 teams will be participating, starting off from the historic harbour of Monterey in California and rowing 2,800 miles to the finishing point at Hanalei Bay on the stunning island of Kaui in Hawaii. For the duration of the race, the teams will be battling against mother nature at her fiercest. As a relatively new route, this exciting new Pacific Challenge will offer up different adventures from the Atlantic crossing, new World Records and once-in-a-lifetime experiences.

The Citizen caught up with the Island Girls between gruelling training sessions to talk about this new and exciting race.

66 THE CITIZEN focus

When the World’s Toughest row - Pacific was presented, you all initially said you weren’t interested. What changed your minds? We changed our minds relatively quickly. We were open to another adventure, except we were thinking land-based. Curiosity and then excitement quickly followed our initial reaction. We thought, “We have some experience, we certainly have the tenacity, we have the moral support, and this is a new initiative that would allow us to help write the script.” We couldn’t come up with a concrete response to why not, so here we are.

How will crossing the Pacific be different to the transatlantic race?

The Pacific is a bigger, deeper ocean. It has the Ring of Fire and larger, more abundant wildlife. Additionally, for the first 12 or so days, we will battle coastal winds, waves and currents trying to push us backwards. We are informed that, afterwards, the conditions should be like the Atlantic. How we master those first two weeks is the primary factor determining how long we’ll be at sea. Sam still isn’t keen on too much wildlife interaction, so we’re in for some antics!

That aside, we have the experience to match the theory. For the Atlantic row, there was the choice of freshman fear or freshman exuberance. We chose the latter. We were fit and determined. Our tactic was that we were going to row three-up for the first few days and drive some licks on the miles. But right out of the harbour, seasickness punched us to the point that we were in danger of having Elvira ejected from the race. Then, later, the sea conditions were flat—no winds nor waves—and that forced a change in strategy and our racecourse. Then we had a myriad of technical issues with the boat. This time around, we’re more eager than anxious. This will allow us to be more efficient and means we will enjoy the journey more. Yes, we will be pushing to complete within a certain time, but we now know how to balance the row grind with being present in the moment and enjoying what Mother Nature has to offer.

A big difference this time is that we have a new boat, so we don’t expect to have some of the technical issues we encountered with Jean Mary, which was on her fourth crossing.

Does this race seem less daunting since you’ve already crossed the Atlantic?

It is less daunting because we know that we can do it and surmount the hurdles. But we’re not precarious about our approach to this challenge at all. On the contrary, we are mindful of the challenges and, if anything, have greater reverence for the sea.

Q & A &

Can you tell us more about the charity you are supporting and how you are raising money?

We are raising money to construct a home for girls in conflict with the law: those with infractions that run the gamut from fighting to wounding, break-ins and larceny, theft, prostitution and everything before, after and in between. This is a collaboration with the Family and Social Services Division in the Ministry of Social Transformation. Presently, girls who run afoul of the law have nowhere to go. They are either sent to group homes or prison, exacerbating their problems. We’ve had people say to us,“Why this charity?” - the inference being that it addresses an issue that we are loathe to place on the front street. But the reality is we can talk about the problem, we can sit back and talk about the reasons for the problem, we can act like it’s someone else’s problem, or we can roll up our sleeves and each in our own way do something about the problem. Besides, a girl in conflict with the law

67 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023
“This time around, we’re more eager than anxious. This will allow us to be more efficient and means we will enjoy the journey more.”

is like every other girl with hopes and dreams and deserves a chance to have people hold space for her.

Have you made any changes to how you are training this time?

Certainly! The major difference is that we’re blessed to have the indomitable double-world record holder Mark Slats as our trainer. The Dutchman, who has an impressive ocean resume, holds the solo world record set in the 2017-18 Atlantic Challenge and with Kai Wiedmer, the doubles record set in 2020-21. With Mark, we focus mainly on core strength and efficiency of our row technique—posture, catch, drive and recovery phase. We’re also keen on the importance of executing more power within one stroke and not focusing on the speed of the stroke.





Focusing on efficient stroke patterns and stroke rate facilitates our longevity on the oars. The last time, we did some of this, albeit not at this

level, and we concentrated a lot on our overall fitness. Also, Sam, the seafarer, was the go-to girl in the last row because of her experience. With navigation, electrical, and technical problems, Sam was pressed into duty. This time, we are training to have an efficient division of labour. Christal is in charge of logistics; Elvira will be the electrician; Sam is navigation, and Kevinia is medical. We are all getting the necessary training and certifications. These are significant improvements on the last row.

How have your lives changed since the last challenge?

Unless we’re counting Elvira getting married, nothing fundamentally changed for us. We fell back into our regular routines, buoyed by the experience.


Arts &cu ltu re

HHis abstract landscapes and seascapes are influenced by the local environment as well as a desire for freedom of expression. His vibrant, non-objective abstracts display high energy and strong emotion. Consistent with the idea of expressing on canvas what is perceived rather than what is real, Nick focuses on capturing atmosphere and mood. On many canvases,

form plays but a secondary role to colour. His canvases resonate with vivid colours creating a vibrancy and freshness that captivates the viewer.

Nick’s work is exhibited in galleries in Antigua and Barbados. In addition, many appear in private collections in the Caribbean, North America, the United Kingdom, Europe and Asia.

71 ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023 Tropical Vine
Good Day
Midday A
for Sailing
Nicholas Hadeed is a self-taught contemporary Caribbean artist based in Antigua. Nick’s portfolio encompasses a broad spectrum from abstract expressionism to realism.
73 Just Another Day in the City
Stream ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023 Windows
Carnival Raging



The buzz about bees

As the morning sun casts its warm glow over a field of wildflowers, the sound of buzzing fills the air. Industrious bees dart from one blossom to the next, collecting precious nectar and pollen to return to their hives. It’s an idyllic scene that has captivated our imagination for centuries, and for a good reason –bees are some of the most incredible creatures on our planet. Unfortunately, however, it is a scene that is becoming increasingly uncommon as these tiny creatures, whose importance belies their size, are facing mounting threats to their survival.

BBees have been on the planet for a very long time now. Fossils found, dating back as far as 100 million years ago, reveal that the little bee outlived the colossal dinosaur whose very food they pollinated. Even our earliest ancestors recognised the importance of these creatures, as evidenced by cave paintings found in Spain from 8,000 years ago depicting honey harvesters risking life and limb to collect the sweet and richly nutritious honey. But it was the Ancient Egyptians who first realised that bees could be kept in artificial hives and keep their products “on tap”. However, the world’s first apiarists didn’t just view bees as a source of honey and wax but rather as sacred creatures that came from the tears of their sun god Ra, which, upon falling from the sky, transformed into bees, providing the Egyptian people with this delicious “liquid gold” The bee’s elevated status was such that bee was chosen to represent Lower Egypt in hieroglyphics. And likewise, across different eras and civilisations, from the Romans to the Greeks and the Mayans, this unassuming insect has been revered by one and all. Since ancient times, honeybees have often been the poster child for the critical role that bees play in the world. However, many people do not know that honeybees comprise just eight of the estimated 20,000 bee species worldwide. And while these non-honey-producing species may not provide us with that sweet spoonful of sunshine on our toast in the morning, they play just as vital a role in pollinating our world’s plants and crops. Many of these species differ significantly from the image of the quintessential honeybee living in large, organised colonies – an estimated 90 percent of bee species are, in fact, solitary, with large numbers of them nesting underground or in tree crevices. Even the much-loved bumblebee, known for its cuddly, fuzzy and stripy appearance, often lives alone in small underground colonies or in appropriated manmade structures.

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The world as we know it simply wouldn’t exist without bees; it’s no exaggeration to say that they are essential to the fabric of life on Earth. These tiny insects pollinate an incredible one-third of the world’s crops, providing us with the delicious fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds we enjoy daily. Without them, our plates would undoubtedly be a lot emptier, our world a loss less vibrant, and food shortages would be a severe threat to vast swathes of the global population.

While other creatures like butterflies, birds and even bats also play a vital role in pollination, and indeed many plants rely on the wind or themselves for pollination, it’s fair to say that bees are the bee’s knees in pollinating the world’s plants. So, why are bees so effective at pollination? With their specialised sense of smell, they can locate flowers with nectar and pollen from miles away, and whilst collecting, they inadvertently brush against the anthers – the male reproductive organs of the flower. The pollen sticks to their hairy legs and branched hairs on their bodies, and when the bee visits another flower of the same species, some of the pollen rubs off onto the stigma – the female reproductive organ. Not for nothing are bees known as industrious; honeybees, for example, can visit several thousand flowers in just one day!

The cross-pollination carried out by the bees is vitally important for several reasons. Not only does it allow plants to produce seeds and fruits so the different species can continue, but it also helps maintain genetic diversity, which is essential for all living organisms’ longterm survival. Finally, it can lead to the creation of new plant varieties, benefitting agriculture and horticulture.

Try to imagine a world without the hum of bees. Food scarcity would be just the beginning. The disappearance of these incredible insects would create a













catastrophic ripple effect, devastating plant populations and the animals and insects that depend on them for food and habitat. The consequences of such a loss would be far-reaching, resulting in a dramatic loss of biodiversity and a significant blow to the planet’s overall health.

Unfortunately, threats to bees are multiple and, like so much on this planet, caused by human hand. The pesticides and herbicides we use to produce more food ironically kill the very creatures that help provide us with the majority of our food. And as we humans drastically reduce natural habitats for our use in development or farming, the habitat and food source of these tiny creatures are decimated. This is not to mention climate change or the introduction of invasive species like the Asian hornet, which terrorises native species of bees.

As their fate hangs in the balance, yet another peril presents itself in the form of disease and parasites. Unfortunately, in 2005, an unwelcome invader arrived in Antigua: the varroa mite, a parasitic pest that harms honeybee colonies by siphoning their blood and transmitting viruses. The consequences were dire, with the queen bee population suffering a staggering 90 percent loss as a result.

Beekeeping has been a part of Antigua & Barbuda’s cultural heritage since colonial times, yet the challenges of natural disasters such as hurricanes, compounded by the threats posed by varroa parasites, have propelled beekeeping to the forefront in recent years. For locals, including the Rastafarian community, the practice of gathering wild honey from feral colonies continues to this day, harking back to the traditions of our forebears from millennia ago. Nonetheless, a rise in skilled beekeepers on the islands has catalysed the industry’s growth, albeit on a relatively small scale, contributing both economically and ecologically to the local landscape.

76 THE CITIZEN conservation
These tiny insects pollinate an incredible one-third of the world’s crops, providing us with the delicious fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds we enjoy daily.

The world as we know it simply wouldn’t exist without bees; it’s no exaggeration to say that they are essential to the fabric of life on Earth.

ISSUE 16 • MAY 2023 77

WOrth Noting


The Republic of Panama, through the Panama Maritime Authority (AMP), has signed Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) with Antigua & Barbuda to recognise the qualifications of Panamanian officers and to strengthen their cooperation in the port and logistics sectors. This will allow Panamanian seafarers to serve on ships registered under the Antigua & Barbuda flag, promoting technical cooperation between the two governments.



A new direct flight with British Airways now connects the twin islands with the Dutch Caribbean through its new service from Antigua to Aruba on Sundays and Tuesdays. The inaugural flight took place on 26th March.

This new route is allowing Antigua to diversify its tourism markets and encourage Dutch visitors to come to Antigua for cultural events.

Canadian/Antiguan philanthropist and businessman Calvin Ayre has started a US$200,000 initiative named the Calvin Ayre Foundation 75 Financial Care Project. The money has been donated to the University of the West Indies (UWI) Five Islands Campus, where 200 underprivileged students will be able to access tertiary education. Ambassador Ayre has made a series of investments in the twin islands and has been praised by Prime Minister Gaston Browne for contributing to the socio-economic development of the islands.


An agreement was signed between the Ambassadors of Antigua & Barbuda and Serbia in Washington, abolishing visa requirements for their citizens and, at the same time, strengthening the twin islands’ passport, which now allows visa-free access to more than 160 jurisdictions. The two countries have a history of cooperation, with Antiguan students already benefitting from scholarships to study in the Balkan nation.



The Antigua and Barbuda Hotels & Tourism Association (ABHTA) and the Antigua & Barbuda Tourism Authority (ABTA) will host Showcase Antigua Barbuda 2023 from June 5th to 7th. This will be the eighth instalment of the travel trade business-to-business destination event. The event will allow wholesalers and international tour operators to meet local suppliers in the tourism sector.


This year’s Superyacht Challenge Antigua took place from 6th to 12th March with an action-packed week on the water. One of the first Caribbean regattas of the year, five impressive vessels took part in a series of races at Nelson’s Dockyard.


Over 120 species of bird can be observed on Barbuda, including the frigate and the endemic Barbuda warbler. Shortly after Hurricane Irma made the island inaccessible in 2017, a visitor’s search for the Barbuda warbler inspired barbudanGO’s 2023 Action for Habitat project. This initiative aims to raise Barbudan’s awareness of their local wildlife and establish two conservation sites, one as a mangrove nursery and the other to safeguard the warbler’s habitat. To monitor the bird population accurately, volunteers were trained by the Environmental Awareness Group (EAG) using state-of-the-art equipment and data capture apps.

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The Caribbean’s first “ready-designated” zero-energy house, a chic one-bedroom home powered entirely by renewable energy, has received certification from the International Living Future Institute. This stamp of approval is prestigious and recognises the achievement of local entrepreneur and architect Colin John Jenkins. The building has a total cistern capacity of 30,000 gallons, divided between potable water use and irrigation. The zero-energy house is an example of the highest aspirations in energy performance.


ABTA launched an Art Trail Guide to coincide with Antigua and Barbuda Art Week from 16th to 22nd April. The guide invited visitors and residents to explore the twin islands on self-guided tours of participating studios and galleries, highlighting unique spaces for art lovers. The trail allowed visitors to meet and interact with artists, learn about their inspirations, soak up the culture, and purchase art. Visitors met artists like Stephen Murphy and Gilly Gobinet in Antigua and Claire Frank in Barbuda. The trail ended at the Antigua and Barbuda Art Week Exhibit, featuring over 15 artists participating in the event.



The twin islands aim to become a leading hub for film and television production and investment, focusing on sustainable tourism and cultural heritage conservation. In partnership with Italian producer Andrea Iervolino, investment opportunities in film and TV production are being promoted. The islands offer ideal features for media professionals and productions, including natural beauty, top-notch facilities, a skilled workforce, and a supportive environment.


The Minister of Foreign Affairs, E P Chet Greene, was elected Vice President of the United Nations conference on the Least Developed Countries in Doha held in March. The Antigua & Barbuda high-level delegation also gained knowledge on how to host the fourth United Nations conference on Small Island Developing States (SIDS) in Antigua in 2024. The event would bring together world leaders, the private sector, civil society and youth to identify challenges and opportunities for these nations.


Arrivals from Europe are being prioritised to benefit from the strong market economy and high consumer demand. At this year’s ITB Berlin Tourism Fair, the team from the twin islands talked with German airlines about possible future routes for the 2023/2024 season. In 2022, 21 percent of arrivals came from Europe, five percent of which were from German-speaking markets, and an additional 56,000 or 15 percent of cruise arrivals were from this market.



This year’s Antigua Sailing Week (ASW) will feature a new Wingfoil class. The new sport bridges the gap between kitefoiling and windfoiling and has developed rapidly in recent years. The Antigua Wingfoil Championships will start on May 1st and feature three consecutive days of racing.

82 THE CITIZEN worth noting


An all-Spanish team won the Talisker Atlantic Challenge 2022, AKA The World’s Toughest Row, after reaching Antigua in 31 days, 17 hours, and nine minutes. The crew rowed the 3,000-mile nautical miles from La Gomera in the Canary Islands to Nelson’s Dockyard, where they were given a deserved hero’s welcome.


The twin islands will host the first edition of the annual Antigua & Barbuda Restaurant Week from 7th May to 21st May to promote its cuisine, people and culture. The event will showcase local home-cooked food and national dishes at street vendors and local food spots, in addition to a variety of cuisines from a range of restaurants at prix-fixe discounted prices. Visitors and residents can indulge in the country’s best food experiences and enjoy entertainment, speciality cocktails, rums, wines and spirits and local art and paintings during the event. ABTA plans to position the event to extend the country’s peak season, making it a yearround destination.

Plan B

Plan B

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Team of international professionals based in the Caribbean assisting clients around the world.

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The Antigua & Barbuda Tourism Authority (ABTA) won the Caribbean Tourism Board of the Year in the prestigious 2023 Caribbean Travel Awards, thanks to how they navigated the changing travel landscape, leading to record-breaking tourist arrivals.


The Rastafari community on the twin islands has been granted official sacramental authorisation to grow cannabis. The authorisation was presented to the community’s leaders during a signing ceremony at the Prime Minister’s Office. Prime Minister Browne emphasised the need for greater collaboration between the government and the community, especially in the cannabis industry and agriculture. This historic event marks Antigua as the first Caribbean country to legalise cannabis use for the Rastafari community.


Antigua & Barbuda has secured the rights to export mangoes and avocadoes into the US through the efforts of local farmer Michael Francis. Lobsters will also be exported into China, with hopes that regulations can be tweaked to additionally allow a range of fisheries products to the EU.

84 THE CITIZEN worth noting
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Articles inside

Worth noting in Antigua & Barbuda

pages 78-85

The buzz about bees

pages 74-77

Arts & Culture: Nicholas Hadeed

pages 70-73

The Antigua Island Girls take on the Pacific

pages 66-68

Antigua through the lens of Colin Banks

pages 60-64

Bringing the Caribbean to children's television

pages 56-58

Soca Diva taking Antiguan culture to the world

pages 52-54

Some fun facts about cruising

page 50

One day in paradise

page 49

A complete Antigua & Barbuda cruise experience

page 48

Charting a course for a greener future

page 47

Home sweet homeporting

page 46

Cruising into the future

pages 43, 45, 48

Cruising is on the up

pages 43-50

Antigua's shining future

pages 40-41

Welcome to issue 16 of The Citizen!

page 7

Exploring the future of investment migration: trends and developments to watch

pages 36-37

The future of water is here

pages 32-35

Citizenship by Investment: The ultimate insurance policy for the modern era

pages 28-31

Antigua & Barbuda welcomes you

pages 4-5

Welcome note from Prime Minister Gaston Browne

page 3

Do you want to know more...?

pages 34-35
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