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The Fulcrum

January 25, 2021



Graham Robertson news@thefulcrum.ca

Delayed release of final marks leaves U of O students on edge Students did not receive notification about deadline readjustment time,” added Mailloux-Pulkinghorn.

by Jelena Maric Many students at the University of Ottawa are still waiting for their final 2020 fall semester grades after administration pushed the release date from late January to Feb. 1. The only indication of the date change is found on the university’s “Important academic dates and deadlines” website. Students were not directly informed of the decision — resulting in many surprises and a surplus of problems. Final marks from the fall semester were originally scheduled to be released to students on Jan. 19 and students had until Jan. 22 to decide if they wanted to use the new pass or fail option for one course. However, according to Isabelle Mallioux-Pulkinghorn, the U of O’s manager of media relations, the implementation of the pass or fail option (S/NS) resulted in the rescheduling of the final grade release date. “At the request of our students, the University agreed to allow the implementation of the qualitative grades (the S/NS), but in order to do so, some key dates had to be adjusted,” she said in an email statement. “Unfortunately, this will take some

“I find it’s a bit frustrating that there is more leniency given to prof[essors] in terms of due dates,” she said. “Especially when there is still the imposed penalty for lateness in most courses … the university’s suggestion for compassion to students seems to be disingenuous.”

The postponement can have a large impact on students attempting to apply for masters programs and graduate studies, as well as those who have scholarships dependent upon grades and OSAP funding. It also limited some students from making the best decision on which course to use their single S/ NS option for as they couldn’t see their marks beforehand. Bella Runza, a fourth-year international development and globalization student, first discovered the release date had been pushed back when she returned to start the winter semester and still did not have grades for two classes. “After reaching out to a few of my friends, it was very clear I was not the only one who was still missing final mark submissions and concluded that the deadline for those to be posted must have been pushed back even though there was no clear communication to the students,” said Runza in an email. Although Runza was eventually able to get her final marks from her professors, she said she felt “sympathy” for others who did not receive their grades back yet after the university sent out an email about S/NS guidelines. “How are you supposed to know which class to take the [S/NS] for if you do not have all the marks back?” point-

The U of O administration has been made aware of issues and requests from students who need their transcripts for graduate school applications and funding.

Graphic: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum

ed out Runza. Students were given a three day window (Jan 20-22) to use the [S/NS] option, which now falls before the final mark release date.

Interested in applying for graduate school, Runza was already having issues creating connections with professors she might have otherwise used as references in her applications. “Not having a clear idea of where my marks were at scared me away from getting applications in for the fall,” she said. Michaela Cirtwill, a third-year history major, is another student still waiting for all her final grades to be posted. The delay has affected both her graduate school applications and scholarship.

“If I had the mark earlier, I could have talked to an advisor to make a decision to [choose] SAT [satisfactory] the course to obtain the merit scholarship or [discuss] if it would be less preferable for grad admissions,” she said in a statement to the Fulcrum. “Because I’ve waited so long to receive the grade, I haven’t been able to figure out my TGPA [term grade point average] and contact an advisor about what option would be preferable to me for grad[uate] applications. I’ve decided not to SAT [satisfactory] my grade due to the possible negative impact it could have on my grad[uate] applications next year.” Cirtwill explained that allowing the final mark deadline to be pushed back has left her “frustrated.”

“The University processes those cases in priority. We have received a lot of requests and they are all being processed at this time,” said MalliouxPulkinghorn. In response to the delay, Tim Gulliver, the University of Ottawa Students’ Union (UOSU) advocacy commissioner, hopes the university will fix the issue for the winter semester. “We understand that there are a series of cascading issues that emerge the later grades are submitted,” said Gulliver, who campaigned for the pass or fail option on behalf of students. “We [UOSU] are hopeful that in future winter semesters, the university will revert back to its usual practice of providing students with fall final grades in mid-January at the latest, which is the norm at most Ontario universities.”

Remain cautious: What you need to know about vaccine wait times First Canadian to receive COVID-19 vaccine contracted virus while waiting for second dose by Paige Holland & Georgiana Ghitau In December 2020, three pharmaceutical companies — Pfizer, BioNTech and Moderna — had their vaccine approved for use in Canada. As a result of the agreements, Gisele Levesque was the first Canadian to be vaccinated on Dec. 14. Canadians will receive inoculations throughout 2021, in an attempt to slow the spread of COVID-19. A recent report from CBC Radio-Canada, however, reported Levesque contracted COVID-19 two weeks after receiving her first vaccine dose

while waiting for the second. Her illness is indicative of a larger issue Canadians are facing with the realities of the COVID-19 vaccination: the interval between doses. Ontario’s chief medical officer of health, Dr. David Williams said on Jan. 16 that people who have received their first dose of the Pfizer vaccine will now have to wait between 21 and 42 days for their second dose depending on their risk category. However, the Government of Canada’s website says that in order for the vaccine to “work best,” the second dose should be 21 days after the


the vaccine roll-out plan.

A week after the second dose of the Pfizer vaccine patients should have a 95 per cent immunity while only receiving a single dose yields just 52 per cent effectiveness.

According to Health Canada’s website, it is said, “assuming the continued supply of safe and effective vaccines, it’s expected there will be enough vaccines to immunize everyone for whom vaccines are approved and recommended [those without compromised immune systems]. We anticipate this will be accomplished by September of 2021.”

The current plan to roll out the COVID-19 vaccine intends to, according to public health services, “prioritize high-risk populations [such as our elderly, immuno-comprised people], first responders and those keeping society and the economy running.” There have been complaints that Canada, and Ontario in particular, has been slow on

Melissa Brouwers, director of the University of Ottawa’s School of Epidemiology and Public Health, claims she is “cautious around expectations [of the vaccine].”

“In the interim it’s important to follow public health advice and be really vigilant [to avoid the spread of COVID],” she said. Brouwers confirms that “there are many researchers involved in the U of O’s Covid Response Team [such as] epidemiologists, basic scientists, implementation scientists, health services researchers, clinicians, policy folks, evidence people, public health experts, [and] public health residents.” Irina Podinic, a master’s student of epidemiology at the U of O, also reminds everyone to be diligent when following health and safety measures

even with the vaccine on the horizon. “Students need to continue wearing their masks, and social distancing as a vaccine approaches and after receiving the vaccine during national rollout this year,” she said. The Government of Canada expects to be “able to offer free vaccination to every Canadian.” They have also said they are committed to making sure that “low and middle-income economies around the world will also have access to safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines.”

January 25, 2021


The Fulcrum

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Local students ask Ford for plan to reopen university campuses Students need to return to classrooms, say three Ottawa university representatives by Trevor Oattes Three students from the University of Ottawa and Carleton University have released a joint open letter urging Ontario’s provincial government to develop a plan for reopening university and college campuses. The letter, published to Twitter on Jan. 11, raised concerns that the province’s post-secondary students would be “left behind” as the Ontario government continues to introduce new public health protocols to fight the spread of COVID-19. The students; Nathaniel Black (Carleton), Saada Hussen, and Jamie Ghossein (U of O) are all elected representatives on their respective school’s Board of Governors. The letter stated that a return to in-person learning is necessary in order to improve both the quality of education and student morale — which the group says has been largely affected by the pandemic. The letter also asserts that

many have seen both their academic performance and their mental health suffer as a result of virtual learning.

ering their classes and evaluations.” Both Black and Ghossein echoed that online learning does not seem to be a genuine replacement for in-person lectures.

Recommended courses of action include making vaccinations available for students and implementing a detailed public health plan to be followed on campuses.

According to Black, there are many Carleton students who are opting to transition to part-time studies during the pandemic, with some even dropping out entirely.

The public health regulations proposed by the letter would be similar to the measures currently in use in Ontario’s elementary and secondary schools, in which students can learn in-person but must wear masks and socially distance. “If we can get students vaccinated – and I’m not saying before frontline workers or anything of that sort, but to at least have a back-on-track plan would give students a timeline and some motivation to get back into the swing of things,” said Black. Hussen and Ghossein joined Black in circulating the letter for back-to-campus plans to other students. They have spoken to many of their peers and professors about the struggles of distance learning at univer-

Another reason for getting students back to in-person learning? Building up the economy.

Jamie Ghossein, Saada Hussen and Nathaniel Black. Images: Provided

sities and colleges.

In an email to the Fulcrum, Hussen said, “the consensus has been that the quality and educational experience has been subpar in comparison to in-person learning.” “Students feel as though they are no longer learning or pursuing a passion of theirs but rather meeting deadlines and simply trying to pass classes,” said Hussen. “Many students

have also shared that their course load seems heavier.”

Hussen pointed out that some students are trying to manage a full course load while also acting as caregivers for family members. The students with whom Hussen spoke with expressed frustration at the extra workload that accompanies staying at home with children or siblings. “Instructors are minimally

considerate to the fact that many now have familial responsibilities as a caregiver, provider or tutor to children or younger siblings who are also homeschooled.” Hussen also spoke about the additional pressures on professors. “The current format is also not the easiest for professors who have had to make many adjustments in terms of deliv-

“We want to get [students] into the workforce to fill that gap in the job market right now, but also to go and support the economy,” said Ghossein. The Ford government did not respond to the Fulcrum’s request for a statement at the time of this article’s publication. The Government of Ontario has yet to share a detailed plan as to the reopening of university and college campuses.

Parlez-vous français?

Equifax promises fast services to Francophone students following UOSU data breach that “Francophone students [will] be served in French” stating that Equifax has been “averaging 30 seconds or less answer times throughout 2020/21 for both French and English callers.”

by Charley Dutil On Jan. 7, the University of Ottawa Students’ Union (UOSU) announced that it had retained the services of Equifax to protect the information of students after the union accidentally published a Google Form containing the names and private information of students who used its Food Bank. If the name “Equifax” sounds familiar, it’s because they were also hired to help protect the private information of more than 4.2 million Desjardins members after the Quebec-based financial co-operative suffered a massive theft of member data in 2019. At the time, numerous media outlets in the province were quick to criticize the monitoring service after multiple Francophone Desjardins members reported issues with Equifax’s french services.

The Fulcrum inquired about the sum that the UOSU had to pay to retain Equifax’s services. Although the monitoring service refused to disclose the information, Gulliver revealed that the union was paying “$12 per code,” in other words, $12 per student affected.

The union will be charged $12 per student by Equifax.

Photo: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum

The Montreal Gazette reported on July 5, 2019, that “there were many complaints: long waiting times, difficult to access and clients unable to get service in French.”

gual institution, it stands to reason that a number of individuals whose names were found on the Food Bank’s Google Form will require services in French from Equifax.

With the University of Ottawa priding itself on its status as a bilin-

“To my understanding they’re bilingual,” wrote UOSU advocacy com-

missioner Tim Gulliver in a message to the Fulcrum. “But we’ve been offering support to students who have been having trouble throughout.” When asked, Equifax guaranteed

In total, according to the UOSU, 94 students had their personal information revealed publicly via the Google Form meaning the incident will cost the union around $1,128.

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The Fulcrum

January 25, 2021

The Wire: University of Saskatchewan faces COVID-19 outbreak Three individuals living in Seager Wheeler Residence tested positive earlier this month by Jelena Maric

The University of Western Ontario also experienced outbreaks in two of their residence buildings in late 2020. The first outbreak with four individuals in London Hall on Oct. 11; the second in Saugeen-Maitland Hall on Nov. 19 with eight positive tests.

The University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is one of the latest Canadian universities to report an outbreak of COVID-19 in one of their residence buildings. Three individuals living in Seager Wheeler Residence Hall tested positive for COVID-19 earlier this month as reported the school student publication, the Sheaf.

With the cases at the U of S, the debate continues as to whether or not residence buildings across the province should open.

On Jan. 12, the provincial government officially declared an outbreak at the residence hall. As of the publication of this article, the province of Saskatchewan currently has 3,161 active cases. This building is one of four high-rise student residences, located south of the university’s main campus. “The individuals, who all lived in the same residence unit [suite], are selfisolating and a contact investigation began immediately to identify close contacts,” said Gord Hunchak, chief communications officer at the U of S in an email statement to the Fulcrum. According to Hunchak, the Saskatchewan Health Authority has given ad-

Image: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum vice and next steps to the individuals, as well as those who have been in close contact with them. “The university has established procedures to address instances of positive COVID-19 cases on our campus,” said Hunchak. “[These] allow us to respond quickly and effectively, and ensure the safety of our campus community and beyond.”

Jory McKay, the vice president of student affairs for the University of Saskatchewan Students’ Union, said that given the increase in the province’s COVID-19 cases, he is “not surprised” that several students have tested positive. The university provides weekly online updates for the community concerning everything COVID-19 related and McKay was appreciative of the university’s communication plan.

“Overall, the communication has been good, and we have open communication with the administration,” said McKay. The university’s COVID-19 response team has not provided the Fulcrum with a comment at the time of publication. Should residences stay open?

At the moment, several Ontario universities have opened their residences. Among them are the University of Ottawa, the University of Toronto, Guelph University, the University of Waterloo and Trent University. Queen’s University is requesting students to not come back until the end of January and Western is allowing students to return to residence beginning in mid-February, as reported by the Toronto Star. Students at The University of Ottawa have been allowed to come back to residence for the beginning of the winter semester. The U of O previously had a residence building outbreak in 45 Mann in September.

The Wire: UNB plans to become smoke-free campus by 2022 Motion for smoke-free campus was also presented at the University of Ottawa by Bridget Coady On Dec. 9, the University of New Brunswick (UNB) announced its decision to become a smoke free campus by September 2022. The decision comes after years of discussion with the university community that began in 2017. The decision came down to three options: to become a smoke-free campus, maintain the status quo, or introduce designated smoking areas (DSA). With this decision, UNB becomes the most recent Canadian university to make the move to a smoke-free campus. The number of university and college campuses in Canada to become smoke-free has jumped from 11 in 2014 to 71 in 2019, according to the Canadian Cancer Society.

In a press release dated Dec. 9, UNB president and vicechancellor Paul Mazerolle stated that the move was part of “[the university’s] commitment to advancing health and to promote a healthy and safe environment to the community and on its campuses.” “In late 2017, our Smoking Policy Review Committee was established and has worked diligently to determine best practices and gather community feedback,” said Mazerolle. “Nearly 2,500 members of the UNB community participated in a smoking policy survey to help the committee reach its recommendations.”. In 2018, McMaster became the first university in Ontario to become smoke free, while UNB’s fellow Atlantic university, Dalhousie University was the first Canadian university

to become a smoke free campus in 2003.

department for health promotion.

The switch to a smoke free campus has also been floated around on numerous occasions. at the University of Ottawa.

The motion was debated and eventually rejected by those in attendance at the FGA. Léveillé says that she intends to “re-work this motion in order to bring it back to discussion at the next UOSU General Assembly.”

The University of Ottawa’s Alta Vista campus does not permit smoking on campus, while the U of O’s main campus and Lee’s campus are not smoke-free. At the University of Ottawa Students’ Union (UOSU) Fall General Assembly (FGA) on Nov. 12, a motion was brought to have the group adopt a position of support for a smokefree campus. The motion was brought by Taylor Léveillé, a third-year health science student and the team leader for the drug and alcohol team of U of O’s

When asked why a smoke free campus is the focus instead of having DSAs, Léveillé stated that the issue lies in the enforcement of DSA’s. “An entirely smoke-free campus would be more efficient,” said Léveillé. “Holding in my breath while making my way down the sidewalk or walking into a building has nearly become normal for me due to lack of enforcement of the current policy.”

“There have been countless times where I’ve been walking to class and someone in front of me was smoking or vaping and I was forced to hold my breath to avoid inhaling the second-hand smoke.” In response to the motion’s proposal, students spoke to the gaps in a smoke-free campus plan at the U of O. One concern was the enforcement of the smoke-free policy given protection services pattern of racially motivated cardings. The smoke-free policy at the Alta Vista campus is currently enforced by protection services. Also brought to the attention of those in attendance: the question of where smokers will ultimately end up congregating should the campus become smoke-free. Others cited that smoking

is an addiction that comforts those who partake, especially amid a stressful year given the current pandemic. “There were some extremely valid concerns raised from people who were against this motion,” admits Léveillé. “Most of these concerns, however, pertained to the development of the policy itself and not to the general idea of a policy, which was the aim of this motion.” On the topic of re-introducing a similar policy Léveillé says “I made sure to take note of as many [concerns] as I could in order to better this proposal and address the main concerns surrounding smokefree campus policies.” “It is my goal to clarify the policy’s intentions as much as possible before re-submitting the motion.”

Arts &EDITORIAL Entertainment

January 25, 2021


The Fulcrum

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Grand Acts of (Digital) Theatre: A conversation with Jillian Keiley on reviving Canadian performance Artistic director shares triumphs and uncertainties of socially distant season of new work by Aly Murphy One need look only as far as Ottawa’s own National Arts Centre (NAC) to see that art isn’t dying during these disquieting times; in its own, exciting ways, it’s even thriving, shape-shifting to fit the needs of a socially distant world. NAC English Theatre’s artistic director, Jillian Keiley, has been co-facilitating (and co-curating) that metamorphosis with Vancouver theatre maker Sherry Yoon in an ambitious endeavour titled Grand Acts of Theatre. The two megavoices of Canadian theatre approached 12 of Canada’s most innovative theatre companies to create large-scale, outdoor new works in response to the current times – works designed for both in-person and digital audiences, across terrains, climates, and levels of COVID-lockdowns. For Keiley, the project has been truly thrilling: “it’s the essence of performance,” she said in an interview. “Part of theatre is its liveness, and we’re always in the midst now of redefining that.” And that’s certainly true – “liveness” is experiencing a global identity crisis

across disciplines due to the pandemic. Grand Acts of Theatre is a complement to, and in some ways, a pivot away from #CanadaPerforms, the NAC’s parallel platform for entirely digital livestreamed music, theatre, and dance.

Theatre in Ottawa and Black Theatre Workshop in Montreal. She’s looking forward to the collaboration — a measure which lets the NAC prove itself “to actually be the company we think and believe we are” in terms of inclusivity and core organizational values — over the course of the 20212022 season.

In breathing life into Grand Acts of Theatre, Keiley knew she needed to deeply interrogate that notion of liveness.

And that’s a season that presumes in-person audiences, or at least some semblance of them. When asked what she’s looking forward to in that enigmatic return to “normalcy,” Keiley said simply: “gathering.”

“The event nature of theatre has been missing — theatre is an event. It’s a happening.” Grand Acts of Theatre has been a way for Keiley, Yoon, and the 12 chosen theatre companies to bring back that sense of happening to socially distant theatre: “it’s the essence of performance.” In terms of content, the creations bear shockingly little overlap despite responding to a common prompt of “speaking to the times.” Per Keiley, it’s work that responds to these times without being especially similar — without even covering the same topics. “Only two companies so far have even covered the pandemic,” said Keiley.

Image: David Lane and Mike Tan Photography/NAC Amassing Grand Acts of Theatre has been a notable shift from Keiley’s normal curatorial process: with a laugh, she said “I’m usually curating for two different rooms [theatre spaces at the NAC] based on what’s already happening in the country.” “NAC English Theatre is usually a showcase theatre — a national celebration of the best of [existing] Canadian work.” Grand Acts of Theatre reverses that process; rather than constructing a single season of work that’s already been produced elsewhere in Canada,

the project enables 12 brand-new creations. “It’s a scarier process,” said Keiley. “If I already know it’s great, I’m happy to put my name behind it.” “But I’m curating companies, now, instead of individual projects – companies that I know are incredible.” Grand Acts of Theatre is Keiley’s first significant co-curation, paving the way beautifully for the upcoming, high-profile partnership between NAC English

“Gathering is going to be an asset … togetherness is going to be a commodity.” Keiley wondered, as well, the future of movie theatres — spaces so quickly made obsolete by the pandemic and overwhelming availability of streamed films — in the aftermath of a socially distant season. “It’s a space of gathering. And on our end, I think it’ll be audiences engaging at a deeper level” — audiences relishing in the relief of togetherness after a long, long season apart.

Post-binge Bridgerton review: is it worth the hype? Romance, drama, and story-telling galore

their white king fell in love with a Black woman, Queen Charlotte, and their bond was the reason their progressive society was more accepting. The King’s love for Charlotte brought the country together and allowed people of colour to gain titles of dignity and respect from their peers, or so the story goes.

by Georgiana Ghitau Bridgerton, Netflix’s newest romantic and exhilarating series, is produced by Shonda Rhimes and based on Julia Quinn’s hit novel series of the same name. It’s set during the lavish Regency era (1811-1820), which was the exotic brief period when George IV became the ‘regent’ — the acting ruler of the United Kingdom whilst taking over for his father, the

gravely ill King George III.

Image: Liam Daniel/Netflix

The Regency period was one of constant partying (throwing grand balls), creative artistic expression, scandal, luxuriousness, and poetic grandeur.

the Duke of Hastings — also known as Simon Bassett and Lady Danbury — are Black. This is a refreshing casting choice, solidifying the notion that race should not preclude actors of colour from taking on historically white roles.

As the series commences, one of the first elements that we observe is the diversity amongst the main characters; the highest-ranking characters Queen Charlotte and

This choice is woven into the storytelling, too: Lady Danbury, one of the show’s Black matriarchs and mother figure to Simon, explains the importance of love, revealing

In the first episode, we’re introduced to the Bridgerton family, composed of four handsome sons, four gorgeous daughters, and the beautiful yet recently widowed mother. It is the beginning of the social season and Daphne, the eldest Bridgerton daughter, is preparing for her launch into society, meaning that she is one of the many young women competing over suitable suitors for their hand in marriage. This sequence might catalyze the feminist in some but certainly portrays the norms of the time frustratingly accurately to a modern audience.

As far as scandal goes, Lady Whistledown makes sure to cover the juiciest of drama and report it to the Londonians. I personally enjoyed just how powerful this mysterious character is, setting an example as to how you can enjoy life as a single, independent and successful woman — that you don’t need a man to define you. And let me tell you, they were all eating it up with their fancy silver spoons. The show definitely has some eye candy, too, with a male protagonist who’s the textbook definition of jawdropping. The Duke of Hastings, better known as Simon (also Anthony Bridgerton’s best mate), made me envious that I could not turn back time just to be in his presence. From his first appearance on, I was engulfed; I felt like I was teleported right into their world. The immediate chemistry

between Daphne and Simon is always eye-catching. We know early on that they’re going to have a sizzlingly salacious whirlwind romance. A pact to assume each other’s identities ends in a predictable, yet beautifully complementary love story. However, the relationship is messy and a tad toxic, what with all the lies, deception and commitment issues. Its eventual triumph feels earned, since we’ve witnessed these characters evolve through highs and lows.

For those who are looking for a new series to binge, Bridgerton is a deliciously scandalous and drama-filled coming-of-age series, with a remarkable ability to draw viewers to the point of escapism. We strongly recommend it for all looking to take a break from the 21st century for a few days.

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January 25, 2021

REVIEW: Star-studded post-inauguration concert Celebrating America proof of better times ahead by Aly Murphy Hi, Fulcrum readers. Long time no chat.

It’s me, the Fulc’s resident American, still stuck in Canada indefinitely until the United States gets its shit together re: COVID-19. As you may know, something big happened this week. The horse left the hospital. The star of Home Alone 2 relocated to Florida. A hundred percent per cent of all doubly impeached presidents left the White House. I woke up on Thursday morning in the aftermath of Joe Biden’s and Kamala Harris’ inauguration, and for the first time in four years, felt some semblance of peace. Not joy, really, not even relief — but I wasn’t scared to check the news or open Twitter. I didn’t worry immediately for the

safety of my family and friends back home, nor did I stare blankly ahead into the void of the next four years.

better times ahead under a new, united administration. Celebrating America signaled an administration that understands the weight of the tasks ahead — the United States Postal Service cameo perhaps stood as an example of the chaotic rubble left to clean up in the coming years — as well as the importance of togetherness in accomplishing those tasks.

That afterglow of the inauguration, admittedly, didn’t just come from the spectacle of the political process in action. It came from Lady Gaga and her massive bird pin, its wings guiding Gaga’s ever-powerful voice over fields and fields of flags planted to mark the American lives lost due to COVID-19. It came from Amanda Gorman and the poem heard around the world, a spokenword masterpiece to mark the dawn of a new era. It came from Demi Lovato’s new pixie cut and strong-asever belt, Springsteen’s patriotic brood against jangly guitar, Tom Hanks’ borrowed credibility while hosting the televised post-inauguration event, Celebrating America.

Image: Screenshot/Youtube From JLo’s “Let’s Get Loud” in the middle of a presidential inauguration. From Jon Bon Jovi’s almost comically jovial “Here Comes the Sun” rendition. The curation of artists for this year’s inauguration and its following primetime event was

nothing short of miraculous, achieving the remarkable in both scope of genre and diversity of artists themselves.

For the first time in four years, an event meant to celebrate the United States seemed to actually celebrate them in their varying shades and specialties, accepting the messiness of 2020 but promising

Even from different states, the artists programmed for the televised concert assembled together to form a cohesive, smooth as butter performance; for an all too brief hour, it felt as if artists could come together again in one sound stage, instead of being relegated to their spaces close to home. That feeling of togetherness will be this new administration’s white whale in the times to come: you can’t always just curate a smash concert to assuage the American people in

times of political fear, distrust, or frustration. Togetherness can’t always come from the shameless patriotism of a special like Celebrating America. But it can come over Zoom, and in group chats. It can come in the form of memes. It can come in speedy vaccines, and stimulus checks, and mended relationships between marginalized groups and the government that has so ignored and abused them for so many years. It seems that there will be togetherness in the years to come, and the diversity and sheer quality of Celebrating America on Wednesday night made that abundantly clear. And that’s the Fulc’s resident American now signing off after a stressful, sleep-revoking election season. Thanks for bearing with me, folks. Let’s get to work.

This week in Fulc music: Cariss Auburn, Emily Rowed, and Klô Pelgag Each week we take a look at hot new releases and new-to-us favourites

songs, and is around 40 minutes long.

by Megan Payne

Since its release in the fall of 2020, this album has caught the attention of English-speaking critics, giving the album generally favorable reviews. From poetic lyrics to rich, extravagant instrumentals, my appreciation for this album grows with each listen.

Single of the Week: “Float” by Cariss Auburn – 4.5/5 “Float” is a track that blends ‘90s pop and R&B influences. Cariss Auburn’s light and crisp vocals are contrasted by deep synth instrumentals, achieving an ebb and flow effect by the reverberation of the instrumentals and the repetition of the verses, “Oh you move just like a wave / And I’m pushed and pulled away.” “Float” is Auburn’s first single of the year and her fourth single released in total so far. The U.K.-based artist also released Unphased, an EP, in 2016. While she has moved from the ‘80s pop and funk influences of tracks like “Oil on Water” and “Unphased,” her songs still maintain an almost dreamlike quality. In “Float,” that effect is achieved mainly through the layering and blurring together of vocals as she details the push and pull of a past relationship.

Album of the Week: Crying in Cars by Emily Rowed – 3/5 In her EP Crying in Cars, Emily Rowed recounts the end of a relationship, from the realization that it’s going to end to the sorrow felt when it’s

The tone and style of each track is varied, the common thread between the songs being limited to imagery and themes explored by Pelgag. The title of the album, Our-Lady-of-Seven-Sorrows (in English), evokes loss, pain, hope, and healing notions Pelgag explores and develops in her song writing.

Image: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum over. This is the Vancouver-based artist’s third EP, with seven tracks for a total duration of 23 minutes.

strings subtly backing the vocals.

“Shipwreck” opens the EP, setting the tone for the rest of the album. Rowed’s vocals are accompanied by piano in this stripped-down song, laying bare her fears of being stuck in a disastrous relationship. The following tracks introduce more instruments, taking on a more orchestral sound.

The instrumentals build progressively over the course of the EP, gradually incorporating more elements as it goes on and eventually culminates to the soaring instrumentals of “Let Me Hurt.” The emotionally charged vocals on this track are the strongest on the EP; it would have been interesting had more tracks experimented with this style.

A cover of the Goo Goo Dolls’ “Iris” closes out the EP, again in a strippeddown style, with piano, guitar, and

The songwriting and the vocals are the strongest elements of the EP, delivering on the emotions promised by

the title. However, it feels like there’s something missing – like Rowed played it safe musically. If you are looking for an introspective EP that explores sorrow and healing, Crying in Cars is worth a listen.

Discovery of the Week: Klô Pelgag Over the break, I had the chance to listen to Notre-Dame-des-Sept-Douleurs, Klô Pelgag’s album, from start to finish. This francophone baroquepop album, the fourth released by the Montreal-based artist, contains 12

“Soleil” emphasizes the depth of Pelgag’s songwriting, with vocals backed by soulful brass horns. This track is intimate and tender as she fondly recounts the memories she has of her childhood friend who passed away. “Umami” opens with airy vocalizations and an upbeat bass, grounding the first part of the song. Pelgag sings of an adventure she hopes to take. The listener is invited to take off as well, as they’re invited into the story Pellag creates. Then, the song takes on a dreamlike quality; she finally takes off, her vocals floating on airy, droning instrumentals.

January 25, 2021



The Fulcrum

Page 7

How the Fulcrum reviewed classic albums (Part 2: 1995-00) From the Notorious B.I.G. to Oasis to Radiohead the Fulcrum reviewed them all by Charley Dutil Over the last 30 years, the Fulcrum has reviewed a number of releases that eventually became career-defining and altering records for artists. These albums changed the music industry as a whole and helped define an entire era. This feature is the second part of a series compiling record reviews.

Eternal E by Eazy-E Review by Aaron P. Wile. Originally published on Feb. 8, 1996 Pioneer. Controversial. Businessman. Assassination attempt. No, I’m not talking about Donald Trump, but the rapper Eric Wright. Known to most as Eazy-E, Wright has had a profound influence on the world of rap music. Along with Ice Cube, Dr. Dre, DJ Yella and MC Ren, he was a member of the most controversial rap act of all time, N.W.A. N.W.A were infamous for their lyrical portrayal of innercity life and heavy cursing on their tracks. This stirred up a great deal of controversy around the issue of censorship in such mediums as radio, television and live performances. Besides N.W.A., Wright showed his business skills by starting his own record label called Comptown/Ruthless Records in 1987. In 1988, he released his first solo album entitled Eazy Duz It and through the years, he followed it with several other solo releases which he focused on after the 1991 break up of N.W.A. Besides his own career as a soloist, Wright’s label signed other up-and-coming acts like Above The Law and Bone Thugs ‘n’ Harmony thus displaying his ability to produce and support other talent. In 1994, Wright was given air time on a popular Los Angeles radio station, KKBT FM. Through the Ruthless Radio Show, he brought further attention to the acts on his label as well as fighting against issues like racism and censorship. Add to this his involvement with charity organizations such as Athletes and Entertainers for Kids, The City of Hope, United Colors and Make A Wish Foundation, and you begin to realize Wright was much more than a “gangsta” rapper; he was a fine entrepreneur and someone who was willing to fight for his beliefs.

so you’ll pay for it. If you can’t afford the album, get the Some Might Say single which combines three of the best tracks from this album, including the incredible title track. Another option would be to get Travis’ More Than Us EP featuring Noel Gallagher.

Amidst talk of an N.W.A. reunion and a corresponding album in 1995, Wright sadly reported to the press that he had AIDS and warned others of the dangers of multiple sex partners. Then on March 26, 1996, with his family beside him, Eric Wright died of AIDSrelated complications. The world of rap music went into mourning — they had lost one of the greats. Fortunately, the legacy of Eric “Eazy-E” Wright lives on in the music and memories he left behind. In honour of his memory, Priority Records recently released a compilation of 14 of his best tracks, including songs from his days with N.W.A. to his most recent solo work. Entitled Eternal-E, it displays the many sides of EazyE. N.W.A. tracks such as their first release “Boys-N-The Hood” and subsequent release “8 Ball” as well as some of his braggadocious solo material like “Eazy-Duz-it” and “Eazy-Er Said Than Dunn”. Also included are his recent Naughty By Nature-produced release “Only If You Want It” and his cut “Easy Street” from the Return of the Superfly soundtrack. The disc is a reflection on what made Wright great and his influence over the industry. It is definitely worth the price to go out and buy all of Wright’s work. But if this is not possible or even if you just want to have his hits collected on one album, Eternal E is the one. The disc jacket has a great bio of the artist as well as tributes to Wright made by rap greats like Ice Cube, Chuck D of Public Enemy and Dr. Dre. On any level, Eternal E delivers what the title suggests — Eric’s legacy that will never die. Rest easy, Eric.

Life After Death by The Notorious B.I.G. Review by Aaron P. Wile. Originally published on Aug. 14, 1997 In March, the world of hiphop lost one more of its inhabitants and left many wondering if the industry is heading down the path toward self-destruction. Among the more recent on the list of premature deaths are such big names as Eric Wright (Eazy-E) to AIDS and Tupac Shakur to a drive-by assassin. To that list, the name Christopher Wallace can now be added. Wallace, aka the Notorious B.I.G., aka Biggie Smalls, was gunned down March 9 after a

Kid A by Radiohead Review by Renée Hebert. Originally published on Oct. 19, 2000

Vibe Magazine sponsored party. His death, like Shakur’s, has created quite a stir and much speculation. There is little doubt regarding some rivalry between Wallace and Shakur, and this has raised the question of whether the two deaths are related. Regarding the rivalry, Wallace stated, “I feel like I’m a bigger person for ignoring it … I’m stronger than that.” This is, however, not the only question that is being asked. Wallace was affiliated with the East Coast’s Bad Boy Entertainment label, while Shakur was a major player in the self-proclaimed “New and Untouchable” Death Row Records of the West Coast. According to an article by Joe Domanick in the June issue of Spin magazine, a Compton police report has linked Bad Boy with the Crips, a force on the L.A. gang scene, and Death Row with the Bloods, long-time Crip rivals. While Sean “Puffy” Combs, CEO of Bad Boy, has denied any company connection to the Crips, the possibility remains that both deaths were gang-related. Police have also been investigating an angle in which a disgruntled bodyguard shot Wallace. With unanswered questions pending the outcome of the investigation and few answers, the fans, media and police can only speculate on Wallace’s death. Death, however, has not stopped the Notorious B.I.G from being heard. Death Row Records recently released The Seven Day Theory, a posthumous album by Shakur under the alias Makaveli — an album which has created some speculations as to whether Shakur’s death was faked. Wallace’s ironically titled Life After Death also did not reach store shelves until after his murder. The two-album set, Wallace’s first solo effort since his

Image: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum

award-winning debut Ready to Die, contains 22 tracks which conjure another glimpse into

life on the mean streets. The album has also given him the chance to collaborate with some of the top artists of the time, including R. Kelly (“Fuck You Tonight”), Bone-Thugsand-Harmony (“Notorious Thugs”), and DMC of Run DMC fame (“My Downfall”). Gangster rap fans won’t be disappointed by Life After Death. There are some notable tracks including the pusher culture cut “Ten Crack Commandments”, the first single “Hypnotize”, “Somebody’s Gotta Die” and the danceable “Going Back to Cali,” Wallace’s answer to such Tupac (Shakur) songs as “California Love” and “To Live and Die in L.A.” “I write about situations and problems that occur in my life,” Wallace had said regarding his lyrical talent. Overall, Life After Death would be a great album to have pumpin’ in your jeep if you were going on a road trip from New York to L.A. It’s a little on the long side and therefore, some of the tracks seem to blend in together. If Bad Boy has taken all the good and made one single length album, it would have been great. Instead, it is just an average record with very few bad tracks and a few really good ones. I find myself forwarding to the same stand out tracks while rarely listening to the rest. If you got the time and like that mean-street rhyme, Life After Death might do just fine.

The Masterplan by Oasis Review by Cédric Nahum. Originally published on Nov. 19, 1998 To anyone who has been buying Oasis’ singles lately, it

will come as no surprise that all of the songs on their new album, The Masterplan, are as good or better than any song on their three previous releases — despite being a collection of B-sides. The 14 songs on this album have been previously released as singles and many have been staples in Oasis’ live set, including their cover of “I Am The Walrus”, “Headshrinker” and “Acquiesce”. To those of you hoping this album would show a side of Oasis we have not seen before, you’re out of luck. The songs on this album explore the same themes of leaving home, friendship, love and youth as seen on all of Oasis’ previous albums. The one difference is that these songs are more raw and simple than the past two Oasis albums. “Talk Tonight,” featuring Noel Gallagher and Allan White, is also one of the purest and most touching songs on The Masterplan. “Fade Away“ and “Headshrinker” are two of Oasis’ closest attempts to punk, and “Acquiesce” is truly Oasis at their best. The songs from The Masterplan were chosen in part through a poll on an Internet site where fans could choose their favourite B-sides. There were over thirty songs to choose from, but some songs were unfortunately left out. Three of the songs I would’ve most liked to have seen on The Masterplan are “Round Are Way” from the “Wonderwall” single, their cover of “Cum On Feel the Noise” by Slade and a cover of David Bowie’s “Heroes” that would make Wallflowers fans weep. But I didn’t vote, so I shouldn’t complain. Oasis may not be great musical innovators, but they are really good at what they do. This album is truly one of the best of its genre and is well worth the seventeen dollars or

Those familiar with Radiohead recognize this group for its characteristic innovation. That’s why, as I sat down to listen to the band’s latest album, Kid A, I had no idea what to expect. The group has come a long way from its alternative rock album Pablo Honey (1993) to The Bends (1995), where we started to notice the band’s melancholic tendencies. With the release of Ok Computer (1997), its musical genius became acclaimed. When first listening to Kid A, its sound can prove frightening: where are the guitars? The first tracks are very keyboardoriented and this electronic sound persists throughout the album. After listening to it a few times though, the album grows on you, and I found myself really getting into several songs. Notable ones are the title track, “The National Anthem,” which has a great bass line; and “Idiothecque,” a song with an electronic yet addictive sound of the type generally attributed to a band like Massive Attack. Kid A, like Ok Computer, is cohesive and gives the impression of being a work of art rather than songs simply stuck together on an album. It is also full of great subtleties expected from Radiohead — there is no disappointment here. Associating this album with a certain style of music would be hard, as Radiohead has yet to be classified as anything but Radiohead, and this album is no exception. This musical experiment may not do it for you, but if you like abstract art, or if you respect and have faith in this amazing group, you’ll love it.

Page 8

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January 25, 2021

Taxi drivers, milkshakes and memories: A look at the Fulcrum’s production nights over the decades “I remember when I was sports editor, I wrote an article on this engineer

In Coughlan’s year as EIC, Fulcrum

on the football team that was five foot

photographer Hugh Mackenzie inad-

five, he was so happy to have this pro-

vertently went out to take what he

file written on him,” said Desmarais. “As

thought was a standard group photo

I was cutting and pasting, I accidentally

but instead, ended up photographing

inverted two paragraphs so when [it]

an engineering frosh prank. The image

came out there was like this whole sec-

captured the moment so well it made

tion that was illegible.”

its way into Life Magazine after being picked up by the Ottawa Citizen and

“I remember it to this day [and] I’m

Canadian Press.

horrified. I think back and I can’t believe I put out a newspaper with two sections completely inverted.”

Moving into its current office at 631 King Edward Ave. in the late 1980s, the Fulcrum kept printing photos them-

With no information superhighway,

Image: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum by Charley Dutil With the Student Choice Initiative looming and the cost of print a burden on the outlet’s budget, the Fulcrum printed its last physical issue at the end of the 2018-19 publishing year. It was a struggle to the finish line as the Fulcrum had to rely on crowdfunding to cover the printing costs of its last physical issue. “Finally, a special thank you goes out to the following people and publications for their overwhelming support for our GoFundMe campaign to help us fund our last print issue ever, a reality which didn’t seem possible at the time due to a delay in receiving our student levies this year,” wrote the Fulcrum’s 2018-19 editorial board in its final print editorial. Since then, the outlet has revived its classic ‘front to back issues’ — albeit in a different fashion as the outlet now publishes digitally. These ‘issues’ have enlightened the current editorial board to the frustrations and joys that arise in the process of producing a (digital) newspaper. Although there may be a fair share of frustrating moments, these do not equivocate with the annoyances of former editorial boards who for the most part of the Fulcrum’s history did not possess the luxury of a digital layout program or the internet. However, ‘print night’ still resulted in

viously made that a lot better. You could fond memories, christened friend-

have your headline in like 36 points and

ships and copious amounts of alcohol.

you thought, ‘You know, it should be a

With that in mind, the Fulcrum decided

little bit bigger to actually fill the space.’

to look back at its history this week and

So we’ll go and reprint it in 40 points

glance at how the process of producing

and so on.”

changed over the decades. To get somewhat of an idea, the Fulcrum inter-

As much as it may sound archaic

viewed 11 former editors-in-chief who

by today’s standards, there are a lot of

shared some of their best stories and

similarities including the ‘challenge’ of

memories along the way.

creating cohesive and comprehensive page layouts for readers.

Wax, scissors and taxi drivers

“We’d get the old fashioned cutters, and we cut [articles] out to insert them

For most of its 81-volume history, the

into the columns … there was a certain

Fulcrum had to physically create its

amount of artistic freedom involved in

templates and layouts using hot wax,

how you would place your columns,”

rollers, scissors and darkrooms.

said Sonia Desmarais, EIC for the 199091 publishing year.

“Production was literally a matter of cutting out the columns,” said Steve

If not attentive, the process could re-

Coughlan, the Fulcrum’s editor-in-chief

sult in numerous mistakes, which can

(EIC) for the 1978-79 publishing year.

often be the case when interacting with co-workers and attempting to create a

“You would roll [hot wax] on the back


emailed to the printer as in later years.

Jonathan Greenan who worked for

With the Fulcrum’s printing partner

the Fulcrum for four publishing years

out in Smith Falls, the outlet had to de-

from 1998-99 to 2001-02 lived through

pend on taxi drivers to deliver its crown

several changes that brought the pa-

jewel to the printer.

per into the digital age.

“The taxi would pick it up, so my last

“We were, I guess, not quite into

job [as EIC] was to put everything in a

the digital age yet, in the late 90s, in

box and get it ready for the taxi driver

terms of how a lot of the paper was

who would drive it to the printer,” said

put together. We were still very much

Mark McCarvill, EIC for the 1987-88

analog,” said Greenan, who served as

publishing year.

EIC from 2000 to 2002, and was also a Jeopardy! champion.

Sending the final copy of the paper off by itself every week with no back

“We still had a darkroom that was

up, however, didn’t worry the team at

fully functional within the office. We

the time.

still typically would wax the pages that we actually laid out the stories

“So I had never heard any horror sto-

and photos on and then apply the ads

ries about ‘Oh, this taxi driver lost it or

and photos and cutout stories to the

whatever,’ ” he said. “That’s how it was

wax paper.”

back then … nowadays, I’d never do it that way.” When it came to adding visuals to the

of the copy that either we had printed ourselves … and then physically put it

cameras and darkrooms.

had to put together.” The analog process was a very hands-on affair; production managers had to be very accurate with their work, there was no undo function. However, according to Coughlan, having a “type-machine” helped the Fulcrum a lot with last-minute changes when deciding on headlines, font size and picture size “Having the typesetting machine ob-

When he took over in 2000, the process had changed.

paper, the Fulcrum was reliant on film

on to the templates of the pages that we

selves until the early 2000s.

the newspaper could not simply be

“By the time I was EIC, the waxer had gone the way of the dodo.”

January 25, 2021


The Fulcrum

Page 9

Former editors-in-chief reflect on time spent producing the newspaper straight home to sleep. We were just so

Watching the sunrise at the office One constant throughout Fulcrum history has been the ritual of staff staying up until the wee hours of the morning to complete the paper. Every single person the Fulcrum interviewed mentioned how late they would stay confined to the grounds of the Deja-Vu spaces or Fulcrum offices. “Officially by Tuesday at 11 p.m. everything was supposed to be done, but it was almost never done,” said Sabrina Nemis, EIC for the 2014-15 publishing year. “I was often there till three or four in the morning.”

wired [and] you need to decompress after that.” Depending on the publishing time, upon leaving the office, the staff would usually go celebrate over a cold beer or a piece of toast at a local establishment nearby the office. It wasn’t unusual for the editors to “stagger in bleary-eyed” and enjoy a team breakfast according to McCarvill. “I remember coming home after having a bite after production somewhere down in the Byward Market.

Despite the stress and hard labour

We’d go down for a chocolate milk-

associated with ‘production nights,’ ev-

shake at three or four o’clock in the

eryone seemed to hold very fond mem-

morning to the one place that was open

ories of the events.

24 hours. And that’s because we got the Before our interview with Mario Emond even began, the 1987-88 EIC

paper to bed,” shared Brett Ballah, the EIC for the 1995-96 publishing year.

asked us how things had evolved in terms of our late nights as compared to his. He then proceeded to give a very detailed recount of his sleepless nights at the office. “Chaos, a very well managed chaos,

pened … these were late nights [that] would sometimes go till six in the morning,” said Emond. “We were all very exhausted afterward. … [but] we couldn’t go

All Images: Fulcrum Archives from O.P.I.R.G [the group occupying

“There would be a bunch of people

the third floor of the Fulcrum build-

working together, the music would be

ing at the time] came down to say the

blasting, we’d have Elvis Costello, blast-

World Trade Center had been hit by a

ing, “Pump It Up.” We’d have all kinds of

plane,” said Greenan.

“It doesn’t feel like that long ago,

other music to keep our energy up be-

some of the memories are very vivid

cause it’s gruelling going from, I don’t

“We didn’t have a TV in the office and

“Whether we finished at 2:00 a.m. or

still because of the intensity and the

know, three, four in the afternoon to six

the internet was slow as molasses that

at 6:00 a.m., tradition would take us to

adrenaline that you showed up with.

in the morning.”

day, so we walked to my house to pick

one of several all-night diners that still

And people were really committed to it,

existed in the market area, on Dalhou-

although it was still somewhat of a cha-

sie,” said Dominique Roussel, the EIC in

otic process,” reflected Emond.


up my little 13-inch tube TV and bring it “All-nighters, I couldn’t do that today,

back. By the time we were on our way

it’s really gruelling. So we [kept] our en-

back, probably around 10:30 a.m., they

ergy up. We’d have pizza or something

were now diverting every flight in the

Adam Feibel, EIC for the 2013-14 year,

halfway through the night and just

North American airspace to whatever

“There amidst characters from a

is still very good friends with his pro-

go step by step and get giddy and joke

airport they could land them at. So we

Tom Waits song, on a very cold winter

duction manager Rebecca Porter, so

around,” he added.

were walking back, and a plane came

night, we’d savour our victory and re-

much so that he insisted they do a joint

play the night’s labour.”

interview with the Fulcrum.

we got things done but there was no [real] orderly process for it. It just hap-

the meals that were shared.

Unforgettable memories

in super low over a route that a plane Adam Grachnik, EIC for the 2002-03

never comes in low. And I remember all

publishing year, shared that on ‘pro-

of us just looked up at this, this plane

McCarvill even remembered the mu-

duction nights’ he had some of the most

coming in low, like ‘What’s going on

sic that played on those late nights and

passionate arguments of his life — in a

here?’ ”

good way. Greenan then explained that his “There was so much sweat and emo-

brother Mark, who was the Ottawa bu-

tion that went into it … I remember the

reau chief for the Canadian University

comradery and the heated arguments

Press (CUP) and a member of the press

and looking back now I don’t think I’ve

gallery at Parliament Hill, arrived at the

had a more passionate argument in

Fulcrum office around noon. The then

my life than over a headline at the Ful-

EIC asked him to go to the parliament

crum,” said Grachnik. “I learned a lot

and try to get as much info as possible

of tremendous lessons at the Fulcrum

about the day’s events.

about working with people and producing something that matters.”

“The story that Adam tells all the time, and every time 9/11 rolls around

Finally, one story that stood out was

(my Fulcrum friends inevitably end up

the tale of ‘production day’ on Sept. 11,

communicating with each other about

2001, which was touched on by both

9/11 production day) [is that] Adam re-

Grachnik and Greenan.

members me giving Mark a hug and sending him off to Parliament because

“We showed up Tuesday morning, same time we’d normally be rolling in

we didn’t know what was going on,” said Greenan.

around 8:30 a.m. and I remember Ian [Chapstick, then production manager],

“It was a crazy day.”

and I went for cigarettes on the front porch. And one of the staffers

-With files from Emily Wilson

Science & Tech EDITORIAL

Page 10

The Fulcrum

January 25, 2021

Vancouver developers create app to help students with essay formatting Academic Writing Help Center reminds students not to develop reliance on essay assistant apps for all students — high school, college, or university. Guest says the app “relieves the stress that a student might feel” through the writing process. Konitzer adds, “we created the app that would’ve helped us when we were undergraduate students.” The current version of Essayist generates two citation styles: American Psychological Association (APA) and the Modern Language Association (MLA).

Image: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum essays.

by Hannah Sabourin Do you struggle with essay formatting? You’re not alone. A newly created Canadian-owned app Essayist is an app that helps students overcome various writing hurdles when it comes to essays. This essay writing assistant software has three main functions. It constructs bibliographies, automatically formats essays, and manages in-text citations on behalf of the user. These functions give students more time to write and conduct research for their

Based out of Vancouver, co-founders Erin Guest and Till Konitzer, developed this app because they believe that, “essay writing is about properly using citations and doing good research.”

The app is available for download on tablets and smartphones and, eventually, the developers want to include Chicago citation style and make the software accessible on computers. What is essay writing like for University of Ottawa students?

Essay writing “should not be about stressing over which words you should italicize and underline,” said Konitzer. “We want to help students find time to focus on what’s actually important about their essay — the content.”

Liam Cutler, a fifth-year political science and history student at U of O, said that for each essay he “uses at least 10 academic sources.” He also reads through “at least 20 to 25 sources before [he] develops a thesis.”

Guest and Konitzer developed the app to “make academic writing easier”

“I enjoy essay writing, but it is a difficult process,” said Cutler.

The U of O recognizes that essay writing is difficult and while they don’t have an app, they have their own way to help students with essay writing.

knowledge when writing essays. Because these sorts of programs do make mistakes.” He said, the assistance that these apps provide “work best when the user has knowledge about writing.”

A large portion of freshmen enrol in a ‘Workshop in Essay Writing’ course, which according to the professor’s handbook, helps students learn to structure academic papers, conduct research and most importantly, learn to avoid academic fraud.

Stephanie Duer and Charlotte Sampson are both tutors at the AWHC and like Cyr, they believe that students should acquire their own essay writing skills while in university rather than fully depending on assistance software.

In addition to this class, students also have access to the Academic Writing Help Centre (AWHC) which provides one-on-one essay writing assistance.

“Working with documents in an academic or professional setting requires a high level of […] accuracy,” said Duer. So, “[writing assistance] apps circumvent the learning process involved in honing those skills.”

Bruno Cyr, an academic success coordinator at U of O, supervises a team of writing advisors who work for the AWHC. He also helped launch the Academic GPS “where all the writing services can be accessed. And this is where students can access a 7-day a week live chat.”

“Whatever app or tool students want to use to help with their formatting, they should always do the final revision themselves,” added Sampson. “Leaving it up to an app can give students a false sense of security in the accuracy of the final draft.”

According to Cyr, writing-assistant programs like Essayist are useful “if it helps a student stay organized.”

“Nothing can replace the attentive eye of a diligent human editor.”

However, he emphasized that “students should always rely on their own

Running on an empty tank: Battling the effects of burnout by Amira Benjamin The new year marks a time to make new goals and form new habits that are often dumped. We bring many things into 2021, such as new hobbies, new COVID case records, and new complications. As students usher into another virtual term, it’s crucial to monitor both mental and physical health in isolation. One of the biggest and more common threats, especially to students, is burnout.

What is burnout? Dr. Tim Simboli, executive director of Canadian Association for Mental Health (CAMH)’s Ottawa Branch defines burnout as those who are experiencing “a deep dissatisfaction with the work that you do, the kind of work you do, and the people you’re working with.” “It’s characterized by a lot of extrusion, a lot of intolerance. ‘What’s the use?’ kind of thinking. It really is that they’ve surrendered.”

Although the World Health Organization has officially recognized burnout as an ‘occupational phenomenon,’ burnout can occur in any aspect of one’s life, including in school, parenting, and personal relationships. One of the more troubling aspects of burnout is that continual stress can lead to a significant lack of motivation in a person, causing them to second-guess their interests and ambitions. Health and wellness website HelpGuide outlines physical, emotional, and behavioural symptoms of burnout, which includes changed sleep or eating habits, lowered immune system, increased irritability, and feelings of self-doubt. Dr. Michelle Fortier, a professor with the University of Ottawa’s School of Human Kinetics, outlines three key under-recognized symptoms of burnout. “The first one is emotional exhaustion, which is feeling the fatigue (and) worn out by either your work or school or both of them,” she

explained. “The second component is depersonalization, and that means you’re basically very cynical, you have a lack of empathy towards others. The third one is a lack of personal accomplishment, so you have very low levels of confidence and satisfaction related to what you’re doing.”

Bounds of stress or burnout? Not to be confused with stress, burnout can be caused by issues such as a lack of control over one’s workload or responsibilities, lack of social support, dysfunctional working conditions, and a work-life imbalance. “Feeling a lack of connection with other people, not feeling validated at all in their context, or outward, would be kind of some of the common symptoms,” added Fortier. It can be difficult to differentiate between symptoms of burnout and those of a mental illness, such as depression or an anxiety disorder. Typically,

burnout is caused by experiencing recurring stressful periods. “Burnout I think happens when we can’t fix it,” Simboli said. “The stress has been around for a couple of bad weeks, it turns into a bad month. It starts to go on longer and longer.” Additionally, it’s no surprise COVID-19 has caused a dramatic increase in burnout, affecting people in different occupations and living conditions. A survey observing medical staff burnout in Canada concluded that approximately “78 per cent of nurses who responded … reported feeling a sense of burnout in the previous month.” Dr. Fortier estimates that rates of depression and anxiety have increased at least a third as a result of COVID-19. “When the workload is really high, which is the case with COVID, there’s more likelihood of people burning out,” she said. “Also, they’re isolated … they don’t have the same social circle, they don’t have ac-

cess to gyms and things like that amplifies the symptoms.”

Extinguish the burn

encouraged, along with increased amounts of water.

Fortunately, there are several methods to combat and recover from burnout — even if you may find yourself in the midst of it.

While in a recovery period, it’s advised to set personal goals and organize for the short-term future, such as redistributing your workload over the following days and make your health a priority.

Simboli acknowledges that even in the best of conditions, burnout can be difficult to overcome. When discussing burnout, he advises people to reflect as to why they decided to choose the path they did and personalize their experience.

Fortier advocates for the prospect of stress management courses for students at the University of Ottawa, such as those offered at Laurentian University. She also emphasizes the importance of self-care, restorative activities and off days.

“Adapting your job so you can do it better and feel more rewarded in it is possible,” he said. “You can do lateral kinds of things, or expand your scope.”

“On the weekends, you’re actually doing no work at all during the day, you know, basically showering yourself in self-care, taking a bath, going for a walk, just unwinding,” she said.

It’s advised you initially meet your basic needs, such as getting adequate sleep and eating. The Centre for Disease Control (CDC) recommends that people over the age of 18 try to get at least seven hours of sleep. Small and frequent, yet nutritious meals are also

“I think one really good recommendation for burnout would be unplugged rest. So, when you’re not actually plugged into your phone or even Netflix. Our brain needs to rest so things like daydreaming.”

January 25, 2021

Science & Tech

The Fulcrum

Top healthcare professionals headline 11th annual UOHS Healthcare Symposium by Rhea Verma Between Jan. 23 and Feb. 27, students across Canada can anticipate six consecutive Saturdays of healthcare education, collaboration, and inspiration as the University of Ottawa Healthcare Symposium (UOHS) returns for its eleventh edition. The Fulcrum sat down to interview 2020-2021 UOHS copresidents, Hanbyoul Agatha Park and Michelle Hong to gain insight on what the team hopes to offer the student body at this year’s conference. “This year, delegates can really expect to taste what healthcare is truly like [in the age of COVID-19]. I think we have some of the most well-esteemed speakers from diverse fields on our itinerary,” said Hong. This year, the UOHS team decided to focus their discussion panel on advocating for inclusion and diversity, delving into three main aspects: Indigenous

health, representation for Black excellence in healthcare, and LGBTQ2+ experiences in the healthcare system. Normally a one day event, Park elaborated on the reasons UOHS decided to stretch the length of the conference to over a month. “We really had to think about the delegate experience which is why instead of having a full day’s worth of online conference time, we broke it up into a seminar series to account for Zoom fatigue. We really didn’t want delegates to stare at a screen for eight hours straight.” Key-note speakers include Dr. Vera Etches, medical officer of health for Ottawa Public Health and a U of O alum, and Dr. Gigi Osler, former president of the Canadian Medical Association. The former opened the conference and the later will close it with other speakers scheduled in between. The co-presidents are enthusiastic about projected

event turnout and encourage everyone, even if not currently involved in healthcare, to register. “[I had] always thought that health care is [all about] doctors and nurses,” said Park. “Joining UOHS gave me insight and confidence in healthcare as something that I, too, could dive into, and now I’m more open-minded [about my own options].” According to Hong, the conference “really emphasizes different experiences and how there’s so much out there that we don’t know. There is so much information and so many healthcare experts from the field to listen to, and you can’t help but be inspired by these people — you can’t help but want to follow in their footsteps.” “I joined the exec team because I once participated as a delegate, and I really wanted to organize and be able to give back in the same way. I hope that this year, the message and quality will be the same, if not

to an even higher standard.” This year’s theme is ‘Unite & Ignite’ as also represented by many of the team’s side projects over the past semester, including their Monthly Roundtable Discussion and the Healthcare Signs and Symptoms podcast series. “The podcast might be one of the proudest things that we did … to add something new this year!,” said the co-presidents. The podcast series gave rise to a platform to communicate and to discuss health issues within the student body. The UOHS team firmly believes in the interdisciplinary approach, and continues to execute both the Round Table Discussion and podcast series in hopes of getting more students to be part of the discussion on health. “We aim to advocate for and educate undergraduate students on topics that are less commonly spoken about. It’s not just educational, it’s professional, it’s about being

down-to-earth enough to talk about these issues and developments,” expressed Hong. “One topic we’ve discussed was men’s mental health, where we had two of our own male executives talk on the podcast about their mental health, which is super important — it’s controversial, there is stigma around it, and the goal of this podcast is to remove that stigma.” Some other topics include obesity, telemedicine, politicalization of science, burnout, COVID-19 testing and more. Due to the pandemic, club activities have been universally challenged but the UOHS chairs remain optimistic about the upcoming event. “When we had our first event during Clubs Fair, we only had one person show up, and I was really sad because UOHS is a big club and we’ve never had that little of a turnout before,” said Park. “I think we got scared, but it doesn’t mean we can give up because it paves way to implement more

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ideas to make sure that doesn’t happen again.” The UOHS is well known for several key events each year such as their Elevator Pitch Competition and panel discussion. Their usual silent auction was called off this year. “Our Elevator Pitch Competition is something we’ve held every year, and it’s when undergraduate students from across Ontario come to compete and briefly present their research. It gives attending students a chance to see what research is out there,” shared Hong. “Promoting our conference was a lot harder to do given the circumstances,” explained Park. Even with all the adaptations, the goal remains to get students involved in the discussion. “I think it’s all about making connections this year,” added Hong.

Lecture draws comparisons between handling of Ebola and COVID-19 plained how community-based initiatives help counter major outbreaks. He said that the Ebola virus was eventually contained because of “community-based initiatives, [that included] the direct involvement of people [within the affected communities].”

Image: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum by Hannah Sabourin On Jan. 19, professors and researchers from the University of Ottawa, the University of Western Ontario, York University, the University of Hong Kong and more concluded part three of their latest lecture series. This lecture series, Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Social Sciences at the Heart of Surveillance, Prevention and Intervention Strategies, is held over Zoom and promoted by the Vulnerability Trauma Resilience & Culture Lab (V-TRAC Lab). During the third lecture, researchers focused on lessons learned from the Ebola outbreak in 2014 and explained how it could have been better managed by foreign healthcare

professionals who travelled to Africa. They also explained how this knowledge is applicable to the current COVID-19 pandemic. The conference featured presenters with unique perspectives and testimonies such as Dr. Mandy Kader Konde from the University of Conakry, Dr. S. Harris Ali from York University, and Dr. Shelley Lees from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The University of Western’s Dr. Elysée Nouvet said the purpose of this meeting is to “reflect and provoke discussion on lessons learned from Ebola that can inform current and future strategies to address both COVID-19 and future pandemics or outbreaks.” In his presentation, Dr. Konde ex-

Community-based initiatives involved individuals who were trained by healthcare workers to identify new Ebola cases. These individuals also learned to raise awareness about Ebola and spread knowledge about the medical treatments and services available to help stop the spread of the disease. “During the early initial response to Ebola, many [West Africans] had become deeply suspicious about public health interventions, [because of their] forced quarantines, [and] prohibition of [cultural practices],” said Dr. Konde. Konde explained that when healthcare workers urged Ebola patients to separate from their families, patients grew wary of the advice. This is because foreign healthcare workers ignored the communities’ values and cultural systems. So, to create a sense of trust, healthcare workers relied on commu-

nity-based initiatives. And this played “a key role in changing peoples’ risk perceptions. And raising their levels of trust.” Dr. Ali supports Konde’s ideas and provides an example of the dangers of misinformation. He said “there was a deficit in communication” when Ebola interventions started in West Africa. One issue was that public figures in Guinea’s capital spread rumours about foreign health care professionals. For example, people believed that “the doctors were coming to kill [the people in Guinea’s communities].” So, in response to this rumour, villagers in Guinea murdered several healthcare workers in 2014.

The connections between Ebola and COVID-19 Like during the Ebola outbreak, the dissemination of information to communities about the virus and medical treatments is a primary focus. In Dr. Lees’ presentation she said “COVID-19 vaccines have been framed as the solution to end the pandemic. [And] a number of vaccine candidates are in development.” “According to the World Health Organization, 15 vaccines are undergo-

ing clinical trials — with highly promising results.” However, according to Lees, there are some groups that are skeptical of COVID-19 vaccines. And many people have “concerns [about] the sufficient testing and safety” of these vaccines. For this reason, “it is important to identify community dynamics” before the vaccines are delivered. If not, there is a possibility that [certain] communities [around the world] refuse vaccines and violently push-out healthcare workers.” This means that healthcare workers must “understand [the] contextual determinants” that influence the level of trust a community has with regard to the COVID-19 vaccines. Healthcare providers and social workers must acknowledge a group’s apprehensions about the vaccine. This lets social workers focus on communities that need education about how COVID-19 spreads and how it is treated. Part four of the Infectious Disease Outbreaks conference is scheduled on Feb. 16. Those who would like to attend this Zoom event can send a request to vtrac@uottawa.ca.

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The Fulcrum

January 25, 2021



Graham Robertson news@thefulcrum.ca

‘This is where I’m needed’: Crawley at the helm of reinvented Gee-Gees men’s rugby program could do it. Like, this wasn’t just a bunch of bogus, this lady knew what she was doing, created a league, made us work for it, got us here and then we beat this team we’ve never beaten before.”

By Emily Wilson Over the last six years, the University of Ottawa men’s rugby team has gone from an exhibition club to a toptier team in the Réseau du Sport Étudiant du Québec (RSEQ). The backbone of their success? Long-time head coach Stephanie Crawley. Since fully committing to the program in 2015, Crawley has turned the team on its head — but it’s not her first time doing this. As a multisport athlete coming into her first year at Carleton University in 1994, Crawley wished to continue playing rugby, but with no female team that seemed impossible. That is until the then 18-year-old took matters into her own hands, and posted flyers around campus looking for other female players to form a team. Around 30 responded, and Crawley acted as player-coach for every match, not only for the first year but for the first six years of the program. The Ravens eventually went from an exhibition team to a competitive club with “up and coming potential” and currently compete in RSEQ at a varsity level. Her role and responsibilities as player-coach had a major influence on the way she now leads the grey and garnet, teaching her about teamwork, management skills and most importantly, the determination needed to make visions come true. “That experience taught me to believe that there are no limits. When I first started [at Carleton], the general feeling was it’s not possible to have a team,” said Crawley. “After that, it was impossible to be acknowledged by the athletics, [it] wouldn’t be possible to join a league, it wouldn’t be possible to do all those things. And then we just went ahead and did those things with hard work and commitment and competence.”

“I think watching the reaction of five or six of those athletes,, they were so moved to tears … and then they were bought in. And I think that was the moment where I was like, ‘Okay, this is where I’m needed. This is where I need to be because I can make the best difference here.”

Photo: Provided by Stephanie Crawley to have kids, be in a relationship, that’s something women have to do, you can’t do everything,” said Crawley. “I was pretty tentative about returning to the sport, especially at that level.” “I hadn’t coached men before, but the coach who needed me was pretty pushy and persuasive. So I said, ‘Look, I’ll go, but I’m not sure how it’s going to go.’ ” Crawley did not regret her decision and was surprised, yet encouraged, by the response of the athletes.

“I went to my first few practices, and they were early morning practices [at] seven in the morning … and the athletes were amazing. They were super welcoming, stoked, just instantly there was some good chemistry.” Seeing the team’s potential she stuck around, and like at Carleton, her vision for the program quickly turned to action. After speaking with the U of O’s Sports Services, Crawley took on more responsibility with the Gee-Gees and asked more of the players and the administration to push them forward.

After graduation, Crawley took a break from rugby and started a fulltime job, bought a house and started a family. Enrolling her two children, Hannah and William, in touch rugby brought her back to the game and soon enough, she was back on the sidelines with Gatineau’s Gladiateurs RFC.

“[I said] ‘Look, you need to be in a league, not exhibition games. Attitudes around training and training time [also] need to be taken seriously. If I’m going to give it 100 per cent of my time, you need to give 100 per cent of your time’ and just sort of change the culture.”

Her skills didn’t go unnoticed and eventually caught the eye of former U of O men’s rugby head coach Stuart Robinson. Eventually, a temporary spot opened up at the university and Crawley slid right in — but not without hesitation.

At the time, the Gee-Gees usually played the same second-tier university teams in exhibition games every year but not without a multitude of unpredictabilities.

“I had walked away from the sport

“Every [exhibition] game would be sort of a little bit unstable, because you’d be like, ‘Well is the ref gonna

show up?’ or ‘is the other team gonna show up?’ … and I was like, ‘I don’t want to be part of that, this is ridiculous, just set a schedule with these teams and get done.’ ” But Crawley believed that there was potential for more, and she didn’t shy away from asking other programs to step up either. In 2016, she created the Scholars Rugby League. “When I decided to stay on, I wrote all of those schools and I said, ‘Look, I get that you’re a varsity team and these are just development games, but for the sake of development, for our sanity, let’s just create a little league of our own [Scholars Rugby]. We’ll call it a development league and OttawaU will do the administration on it so you guys don’t have to. Let’s just sit down and hash [it] out.’ ” “And, again, it’s one of those things from what I was saying at Carleton. Everybody was like, ‘Yeah, that’s not possible to do.’ But within a day, I had nine teams wanting to be in this league.” The new league quickly proved a success. The well structured, more dedicated Gee-Gees, who would have normally been “decimated” by their opponents were winning — and by a lot, holding an undefeated record for two seasons. One of her most cherished memories is seeing her athletes celebrate their achievements after beating Queen’s University for the first time. “A number of the athletes, even the ones who weren’t convinced that doing all the committing and having the structure in place and being a little more professional about things, were crying.” “They were so proud of themselves and proud of what they had accomplished and, they worked for it, they got there, and they realized that they

But even with a seamless record, Crawley had bigger ambitions. When the U of O introduced competitive varsity clubs, the men’s rugby team applied, was accepted, and immediately started competing in RSEQ where they compete to this day. In only three years, the Gee-Gees had gone from playing exhibition games to competing in a fully-funded and developed league. In their first season (2018), the GeeGees took advantage of the stronger competition to push themselves, finishing fifth out of seven. With a season in RSEQ under their belt, they finished third in 2019 missing out on nationals “by a couple of tries.” Crawley was named RSEQ Coach of the Year. Looking at the timeline of the program, the development skyrocketed in a short period of time. But it’s important to know that success on the pitch isn’t the only focus for Crawley. Her coaching mantra stretches into influencing her athletes’ lives outside of rugby. Besides learning plays, orchestrating training sessions and being the commanding voice in the room, she finds priceless value in making her student-athletes better people. She enrolled her squad in leadership workshops, attended Black Lives Matter protests as a squad and actively pushes the players to better themselves. During the pandemic, she’s focused on making sure her squad has the “human basics” such as mental health support, financial stability and are geared towards academic success.

“I feel it’s very important that if I’m going to spend four or five years with an athlete, I want them to leave with skills outside of rugby as well. I don’t want them just to leave as a better rugby player, a better athlete, I want them to leave as a better person.”

And her players reap the benefits. James Flemming is one member of the men’s rugby team who has been with the team for five years. As a veteran he has first-hand experience of the importance of Crawley’s influence off the pitch. “It’s been a cool ride, because, I mean, for me, I’ve seen both sides of the coin,” said Flemming. “Having Steph there really helped because she was the executive person of it all, doing all the work behind the scenes … it wasn’t just spitballing ideas, we actually had somebody who would put pen to paper and get action going.” “I’ve been on a lot of teams, nationally, provincially, club teams and university teams, I’d say among all the coaches I ever had, there’s probably never been a coach that cares about their players as much as Steph.”

“The biggest thing I would get from Steph, I wouldn’t even say growth as a player — I’d say it’s growth as a person. She’s really helped me mold into a man rather than a boy.” While Crawley has been a major piece in the program’s development, she humbly makes sure to not take all the credit, thanking everyone involved at Varsity Athletics, Gee-Gees alumni and the general rugby community for being influential in making it what it is today. Besides the wins and the awards, her takeaway from her time as head coach remains the same: always bring the best out of the sport and out of the athletes. “I hope that as women, and men, see me in coaching, in this leadership role, that they will feel more confident to step in and help even if it’s not a coaching level.” ”Rugby needs so much leadership and so much help right now. Our sport needs more leaders and administrators … so if anybody were to read this, I would hope that they would read it and be like, ‘Yeah, I’ll reach out to my local club and lend a hand because we need it.’ ” Thanks to her decision to overcome her hesitation and take the reins, the Gee-Gee men’s rugby program finds itself set up for years of future success.

January 25, 2021


The Fulcrum

An inside look at Gee-Gees equestrian club

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From competitions, to COVID-19 adaptations and breaking misconceptions Gee-Gee riders explain passion by Jasmine McKnight Gee-Gees equestrian, the University of Ottawa’s equestrian team, is the most well established collegiate riding program in Canada. With 28 members competing in both the Intercollegiate Horse Show Association’s (IHSA) Zone 2 Region 2 and the Ontario Collegiate Equestrian Association’s (OCEA) East Zone, the Gee-Gees have seen success in both Canadian and American competitions. However, despite the success the team has seen, they are still fighting many misconceptions about their sport. Taylor McRae, president and captain of Gee-Gees equestrian, explains one of these notable misunderstandings is that the riders don’t do much. “There’s a big misconception that the horse does everything, when really it is two athletes competing together at the same time,” said McRae. “The overarching motto is two hearts. It really is a com-

bination of the athlete and the horse, it’s the two of them working together.”

pandemic cancelling events, the team was able to continue training with a few extra safety precautions prior to the lockdown.

In collegiate competition, riders are provided a horse by the host. To prepare for that aspect of the sport, members of the team ride different horses at each practice.

“Due to the nature of our sport, we already train in small groups of three to five members so that has not changed for us. Riding is unique in the sense that once you are on the horse it is actually quite difficult to come within close proximity to other riders. So while we are riding, social distancing is already a general safety practice while mounted,” said rider Bridie Hamilton.

“We’re riding different horses at different facilities all the time competing, so we practice on different horses every week, so that you get used to riding all different kinds,” said Aylen Ferguson, secretary and assistant captain. “We have a pool of horses at Wesley Clover Parks [Kanata] that are available to us and at every practice we’re assigned a different horse.” Many members of the team have been riding and competing from a young age. “I started riding when I was seven or eight, and I’m the first horse person in my family,” said rider Maiah Lodu. “I don’t remember exactly how I got into it, but I knew once I started, it could stop. I kind

Photo: Provided by Gee-Gees equestrian

of started riding whatever I could, whenever I could, however I could.”

coming to university, I moved back to hunter jumper to begin with the team,” McRae said.

“I started when I was about nine years old. I started hunter jumper, which is what the team competes in. But then I moved to a venting, which is the one where you actually end up going in and jumping the solid objects on a huge field. Then

Having an equestrian team at university was a deciding factor for some athletes when deciding on schools. “I also started when I was about nine years old, I think. I think it all started with a sum-

mer camp that I did, and I’ve been riding every single week pretty much since then,” said Rebecca Bedard. “When deciding on university, I was hesitating between two schools and the fact that they have the equestrian team here definitely made the choice for me to come here.” Even with the COVID-19

“This year our training groups have become bubbles, so while we love that our bond in these bubbles is stronger, we miss getting to see all our teammates.” The Gee-Gees equestrian team has tackled the COVID-19 situation with a positive and determined approach, thinking critically about what the team can offer to both the equestrian and university community until they get the green light to return to in person activities.

Optimism surrounds Varsity Athletics as tailored fall return plans discussed Restructuring of U Sports conferences considered as potential option is to continue adjusting to the various COVID-19 protocols implemented by the federal government, provincial government and Ottawa Public Health.

by Emily Wilson It’s been almost one year since a Gee-Gees varsity team last played a competitive match. Between then and now, a lot has changed in the global sport scene as the COVID-19 pandemic has taken a hold of the world.

Varsity Athletics has “about 900 people cleared to be on campus for training, some of [which] are coaches, but [a] large majority are athletes” and since mid-July have had “about 3,500 training sessions … which probably represents about 13,000 to 15,000 overall participants.”

With the anniversary mark quickly approaching, the Fulcrum sat down with Sue Hylland, director of Varsity Athletics, to discuss how the department is using their down-time as the 2021 winter semester kicks off. Their primary focus? Organizing their future plans for the upcoming fall season. “Our ultimate goal is to get back to competing next fall in some way,” said Hylland. “Our work doesn’t stop … it’s amazing how busy it is because you’re planning for things that could change all the time.” The newly-created COVID-19 Implementation Committee continues to lead the way towards getting athletes back to doing what they love in the safest way possible. The department and committee continue to hold regular meetings with a “core group of medical doctors” along with U-Sports, Ontario University Athletics (OUA) and Réseau du Sport Étudiant (RSEQ).

Photo: Parker Townes/Fulcrum “We’re constantly talking with USports, with OUA and with RSEQ … [on] what we’re all going to be focused on now, and the work that’s being done now,” explained Hylland. “[Asking] ‘How are we going to get back to playing next fall?’ ”

games, make sure there’s no overnights. ‘Do we have to adjust the conferences a little bit, to make it simpler, smaller conferences, so you’re not traveling as much?’ There’s a lot of variables that we have to look at.”

The idea that seems to have piqued the most interest from the conferences is a restructuring of the current competition format.

“Hopefully, those things will be tidied up for early spring so that we’ll have an idea of what it could look like next fall, obviously, subject to whether or not we’re in lockdown or not right or there’s other restrictions.”

“We’re doing all sorts of consultation analysis about [whether we should] shorten the seasons, fewer

While future plans continue to be discussed, Hylland reiterated that the current task for the winter semester

In order to participate, there was a strict and vigorous, yet necessary, accumulation of steps. Each individual was required to attend mandatory orientation sessions about COVID-19 protocols and sign off on an acknowledgement form. The department also tracks and traces everyone who attends practice and the amount of people present. Hylland confirmed they have only had eight positive COVID-19 cases but “none of them are because of sport training” and instead, were contracted outside Varsity Athletics. Five of the total positive cases were from members of the Gee-Gees football team after not following self-isolation rules in October 2020. “The amount of positive COVID-19 cases we’ve had is minimal compared to the activity we’ve had and so that means our protocols are working … so

that’s good news,” said Hylland. With the current Ontario lockdown, nobody is permitted to train on campus as per provincial restrictions — forcing all teams to revert to online training again. Hylland explained the transition can be difficult in contrast to a usually jam-packed schedule, though it’s nothing that both the teams and the athletes can’t handle. “We’re having to transition back to the way we were back in March, April and May, where a lot of the workouts and the activity [is] done online,” said Hylland. “Is it hard for the student athletes and for the coaches, and all of us who are used to going nonstop from mid August to the end of April with activity and events? Yes, it’s hard, but we’ve had to keep a focus and like all good athletes, you get knocked down and you bounce up and you deal with the adversity. So that’s how we’re kind of trying to manage it.” Overall, there is still potential, and hope, to return to competition in the fall. “2021 is hopeful, and I think there are some good things coming that will see us do some form of competition in the fall next year in some way,” said Hylland. “It may not look the same exactly, but it will be something.”

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The Fulcrum

January 25, 2021


Opinion: U of O must retroactively apply S/NS grading to the summer semester

University failling students by not applying S/NS grading throughout entire pandemic-era by Trevor Oattes The University of Ottawa is doing a disservice to students by not allowing a retroactive satisfactory/not satisfactory (S/NS) grade for those who took classes during the 2020 summer semester. The impacts of the pandemic did not magically stop from April to August and these students deserve the same options as everyone else. The S/NS grading scheme was offered in the 2020 winter semester as an emergency measure to help students deal with the pandemic and the abrupt shift to online learning. However, it was not offered in the summer and only became available in the fall thanks to the advocacy efforts of the University of Ottawa Students’ Union (UOSU). As we are now two weeks into the fourth pandemic-era semester, it is worth asking why has the U of O left students who took courses this summer behind. Perhaps the university higher-ups were concerned about U of O’s academic reputation and the potential negative impacts that could arise from letting students sweep a bad grade under the rug. That would explain why the uni-

versity dragged its feet on offering S/ NS grading this year and, had UOSU not grappled them into submission, the U of O may not have offered it at all.

holds for students who spent part of their education in the pandemic-era. Stress, confusion and fear can and have impacted so many students in so many ways. The S/NS option is essential in mitigating these issues so that students can try and maintain some level of academic success.

It took a UOSU petition with nearly 6,000 student signatures before the university conceded. As the summer semester is primarily a place for co-op students and those seeking to scratch off an elective or two, there likely weren’t enough voices to convince the university of anything. But that was then. The university has proven that they are willing to take the potential hit to their reputation and have offered the S/NS grading scheme for 75 per cent of the pandemic. What is the issue with rounding that off to 100 per cent and allowing a retroactive S/NS grading for summer students? These students still had to deal with unfamiliarity of virtual learning. They still had to suffer the isolations of pandemic life. And many of them — myself included — had to try and cope with maintaining a decent GPA whilst losing family to the virus. After the S/NS grading was made available in the fall, I went ahead and reached out to the university to ask why they had decided not to retroactively apply the option to the summer.

Photo: Fulcrum archives held rule can be changed. “The final decision was made by the president and the Vice dean offices [sic],” wrote Érik Côté, coordinator of registrar services. “The reason why we don’t go back to the summer term is that the grades are already official [sic]. As soon as the term grades are official, graduation proceedings are started and permanently [sic] locks the term.” So summer grades can’t be changed because they are, apparently, already set in stone. But recent months have shown us that any tradition or long-

The U of O has already made drastic changes to the way our education and grading works. They made an unprecedented change by taking us out of classrooms and putting us into online learning. The S/NS option is also something that goes against U of O tradition. Clearly the university can make changes to pre-existing rules. They just chose not to in this case, which is a real shame for summer students.

By not retroactively giving this option to the summer semester, U of O is making a statement that they will not aid students unless they are forced to. Students who took classes in the summer are now at a disadvantage when it comes to funding and applying to grad school, as their competitors who didn’t attend summer classes had access to a resource that was not available to them. If the U of O truly values fairness and the wellbeing of their student body, then the S/NS option must be made available for every semester to mitigate the stresses of the pandemic. And whether or not grades have been made official is irrelevant: the university could have made the option available in the summer but chose not to. Nothing is set in stone, and the university can and should apply the S/NS option retroactively.

There is no telling what the future

Opinion: Plenty of work to be done to uplift BIPOC in film and television BIPOC need to be involved when creative decisions are being made by Shailee Shah Historically, Black, Indigenous, and actors of colour have faced extreme racism, stereotyping, typecasting, and tokenism in the entertainment industry since movies and television were first created. However, in the 21st century, as efforts towards greater representation and diversity are made, it still feels like there’s something missing in attempts to work towards dismantling the obstacles in this system. Discrimination in the entertainment sector is no longer blatant racial slurs or offensive stereotyping — it comes more subtly and in many different forms, primarily through the racial barriers that prevent BIPOC from advancing especially in this industry. Through examining the different kinds of stories that BIPOC have traditionally played roles in, we can work to understand the holes that still exist in making films and television

more reflective of the world we live in.

Historical pieces Historical dramas or period pieces are movies and shows which take place in an older era and attempt to illustrate different perspectives and issues from other time periods, which is not a negative thing in and of itself. Unfortunately, the majority of content like this either doesn’t involve BIPOC at all or revolves around the white savior narrative. Stories with the white savior narrative are ones where white characters “help” a nonwhite character(s) and get praised for doing the absolute bare minimum to support disadvantaged BIPOC, enforcing the idea that they need to be “saved.” This is your The Blind Side, City of Joy, To Kill a Mockingbird, or Dangerous Minds type content. Historical dramas don’t always have to revolve around Western history, or always have to depict BIPOC in situ-

ations of suffering, agony, or oppression. We need more stories about the history of different cultures and nonEuropean monarchies and governments and display different perceptions and worldviews that aren’t Eurocentric. We also need more stories that celebrate the accomplishments of BIPOC in the Western world — like Hidden Figures! This is a way in which BIPOC histories can be shown in a meaningful and representative manner and empower people at the same time.

Stories about the exploration of cultural identity, race, and facing discrimination Stories that explore cultural identity, race, and facing discrimination are some of the most significant stories told. Not only do they work to provide a deeper sense of understanding towards the challenges that BIPOC face on a daily basis, they also create a culture of understanding and empathy that allows untold

narratives to be illustrated in an accessible manner. Additionally, these stories provide BIPOC audiences relatable characters and plotlines that mimic how they grew up and overcame the struggles they did. It gives kids the chance to see people that look like them on screen and that are going through the same things they are. Some examples of stories like these are Never Have I Ever, One Day at a Time, and Fresh off the Boat.

Normalizing BIPOC leads in all plotlines I recently saw The Lovebirds starring Issa Rae and Kumail Nanjiani, and I was amazed at how refreshing it was to see two BIPOC characters solving a murder mystery on screen with zero stereotyping or commentary on their race. How often do we see movies with diverse leads that don’t have race at the center of them but are just fun — and where

the BIPOC characters aren’t killed off in the first quarter of the movie? According to a study from the University of California, only 19.8 per cent of leads from 2016 to 2017 were BIPOC. Hey Hollywood, when race doesn’t have anything to do with the storyline, you’re allowed to choose any good actor as the lead. Essentially, it doesn’t always have to be a commentary on race or racism or discrimination or prejudice or slavery — create a movie with a Middle Eastern lead that doesn’t involve stereotyping the community as a whole, or the struggle of growing up post-9/11. Make a fun superhero movie that shows kids that their entire identity doesn’t have to revolve around their race and the struggles that come with it. Show BIPOC kids that their intelligence, their courage, their humour, and their strength count too, just like they do for Iron Man or Spider-Man.


The people who write characters and come up with stories are also significant. They affect how the characters are portrayed and whose experiences the story is based on. These are some of the most important voices in the movie and television creative process, as they establish which and how stories are told, and what message to relay. To put it simply, we need more BIPOC writers to be chosen and heard, especially when writing BIPOC stories. The same UCLA study found that Black, Indigenous, and other writers of colour only made up 7.8 per cent of film writers from 2016 to 2017. Moreover, it’s so evident and maddening when a character’s background and culture is stereotyped, typecast, or not properly researched — we can tell. BIPOC need to be involved in every place where creative decisions are being made, especially ones about Continued on page.16...

January 25, 2021


The Fulcrum

Page 15

Opinion: Understanding food insecurity as a university student A response to the publicized UOSU Food Bank document from a user’s perspective forward, I found a job, worked until I balanced the overdraft in my account, and have since been fortunate enough to leave my experiences with food insecurity behind me. But even now, I find myself constantly having to be reminded that I am not simply the sum of the work I produce, and that my capacity for labour does not outweigh my basic human need for health.

by Fulcrum contributor The Fulcrum has decided to allow this contributor to write as an anonymous source for privacy reasons. Content warning: Eating disorders In light of the recent University of Ottawa Student Union (UOSU) Food Bank negligence involving the public access of private information on food bank users, we are reminded of the ingrained problem of food insecurity within universities. To say personal information was leaked would be reductive of the mixture of shock, shame, and humiliation myself and the other 110 individuals have felt as a result of the negligent actions of UOSU. For me, being made aware of the public access to my past [and] private decisions was a nagging reminder of a lonely, vulnerable period in my life, of which I would rather not repeat. I have the privilege of only recently being reminded of my experience with food insecurity. I am a white woman; now with a job, a solid network of support, and access to numerous resources that provide help when I need them. I am no longer dealing with food insecurity, and for this, I have a deep gratitude. Obviously, this is not the universal experience. The sheer number of those experiencing food insecurity is notoriously underrepresented, if even represented at all. As explained in a number of studies, the undergraduate is the invisible demographic of food insecurity, as their presence

Photo: Jaclyn McRae-Sadik/Fulcrum

in post-secondary institutions affords them a level of perceived privilege. As much as being a university student is truly a privilege, there is a cultural attitude, both inside and off-campus, that normalizes (and even romanticizes) some degree of malnourishment-struggle for students. Through understanding the entrenched presence of marginal to severe food security, we can begin to identify the unique features of university life that enable and normalize a state of food insecurity.

scribe to this mentality, it undeniably affects the way in which we see our value tied to our labour. One specific variation of this attitude is the Stanford duck syndrome, which paints a seemingly contradictory picture of a duck on the water — smoothly floating on the surface, but invisibly struggling underneath. What is even more contradictory is this notion’s presence within universities; wealthy institutions are being sustained by the labour of their pressure-cooked students.

In any post-secondary studies, we see some variation of the same attitude encouraged by fellow students and peers alike. Terms like ‘hustle culture’ and ‘the starving student’ are common phrases informally thrown around to reflect our inclination towards often-destructive levels of productivity. Whether or not you sub-

I bring this up not to blame students for our experiences with food insecurity, but to cast a light on the toxic thinking we’ve been encouraged to subscribe to as university students. This mindset exacerbates our eating disorders, our mental illnesses, and our financial insecurities. It is directly related to our campuses’

lack of physical and financial accessibility to healthy food. Worst of all, it’s this mindset that rewards selfdestruction and burnout and tells us it was worth it. I found myself in this position; avoiding grocery shopping, working through breakfast and lunch so I could trick myself into eating a single meal a day, until I eventually started identifying this behaviour with ‘good budgeting’ and a ’strong work ethic.’ Self-spiralling aside, we must acknowledge our own destructive thinking and recognize our vulnerabilities, because we owe it to ourselves to ask for help.

When I registered with the UOSU Food Bank, I felt ashamed to have reached out. I felt as though I was a failure, that I should have managed my money better, and, admittedly dramatically, convinced myself it was never going to get better. Moving

It’s important to mention — I never heard back from the UOSU Food Bank, and I never received my requested food box. I think this is an apt reflection of the quality of support networks provided by the university and the student union. Even more so, it speaks to the systemic gaps in our post-secondary systems that perpetuate the stigma of food insecurity. As stated before, as it bears repeating: we owe it to ourselves to ask for help, but we are also owed adequate support from the schools who have thrusted most of us into debt and selfsabotaging workaholic behaviours. So, where do we go from here? We need more than 100 or so year-long subscriptions to Equifax as some attempt at damage control, because the campus’ problem with food insecurity extends beyond their previouslypublic list of individuals. What we fundamentally need as a student body is comprehensive education, support, and confidentiality (!) for those experiencing food insecurity. How exactly can this be achieved? I implore the student union and the university administration to thoughtfully consider this question, ideally without doxxing their patrons this time.

Just hear me out: Why are lockdown rules so unclear? When the rules don’t add up, it can be difficult to understand which, of course,comes with some exceptions. Actually, it’s a long list of exceptions that include curbsidepickup of goods and things like exercise, school or training, and financial services.

by Jasmine McKnight Ontario has gone back into a full lockdown in order to combat the spread of COVID-19. Back in March 2020, similar measures were taken to slow the rising number of cases throughout the province.

Basically, we are not allowed to leave our homes, except to do any task we feel like doing. So, not any different than we were doing before.

While I understand that COVID-19 has been an evolving, constantly changing situation, it has been difficult to keep up with the rules and regulations put in place. Simply because the rules are very unclear, and often change after a single announcement.

and others doing their best to unscramble the confusion for others.

After these announcements, I find myself scrolling through Twitter or Facebook and seeing endless comments with questions about the rules

I want to get past this pandemic and return to some sort of normal way of living just as much as the next person, but a lot of these rules raise

Photo: Matt Gergyek/Fulcrum

some questions. Honestly, I wonder if complying by the rules will even create positive change any sooner. Staying home has been the recommendation for months, but we are now in a true stay-at-home-order

The border to the United States has been ‘closed’ for months, but you can still travel between the two by air travel. Yes, there are plenty of safety measures taken at airports and on aircrafts to minimize the risk of COVID-19, but what is the difference between flying to a destination and driving to it? Does COVID-19 only travel by car?

People are allowed to sit in a plane with 50 other passengers and walk through an airport where hundreds of people have been that day but are not allowed to see people who live outside their household. How about Quebec’s 8 p.m. curfew? What does that do? It’s not like COVID-19 only comes out at night. The purpose of limiting contact and preventing the spread of COVID-19 is necessary, and everyone needs to do their part, but when the rules do not entirely add up, it can be difficult to understand and comply with the restrictions.

Page 16

The Fulcrum

January 25, 2021


Dear Dionysus

Buzzfeed Quizzes provides Opinion: BIPOC in film and insults and mental health re- television (continued) sources ones about BIPOC stories.


Graphic: Dasser Kamran/Fulcrum

by Amira Benjamin Media publication Buzzfeed has released a new series of its notorious personality quizzes, this time geared towards simultaneously insulting its users and providing appropriate mental health resources. The series was created by junior quiz editor Poppy Quisa, who thought that the best way to guide users towards help was through virtual passive aggression. “Based on my own experience, some dry nudges in the right direction worked wonders for me,” she said. “Who’s to say it won’t help others?” Following a series of passive aggressive questions that relate to subjects such as food, music taste, and comfort characters, users are presented with brutally honest results and virtual mental resources as accommodations. So far, the response has been a mix of both positive and negative criticisms. Di Daniels, a second-year master’s student in psychology, claims that the quiz formats are harmful and reckless. “This won’t help others,” said Daniels. “It’s a cute joke among friends, but what are you supposed to do if you get ‘diagnosed’ as a gremlin? You can’t do anything with that.” Despite the controversial response, this format of quizzes has become overwhelmingly popular. Quizzes such as “produce a comingof-age film and I’ll figure out what family issues you have” and “create a Spo

Discrimination in casting continues to play a huge role in the representation of BIPOC in film and television. Colourism, for example, continues to exist in casting choices. There continues to be inherent bias in favor of light-skinned or white-passing BIPOC, and they are more likely to be selected for roles than dark-skinned actors. Another issue is tokenism, where BIPOC actors are chosen to give the appearance of a ‘diverse’ cast. tify playlist and figure out why you’re still single” have been the website’s most viewed pages in the past six months. “I’m extremely pleased with the results,” said Quisa. “Sometimes the truth hurts, but there’s nothing a virtual therapy session can’t fix, right?” Daniels isn’t as convinced, but appreciates the quizzes as long as they’re not serious. “Some people will think that listening exclusively to Phoebe Bridgers is an actual problem,” she commented. “I mean, it is, but just don’t take the results to heart.”

Let’s take a look at a few big-name NBC comedy shows: Parks and Recreation, The Office, Brooklyn 99, and The Good Place. All of these Emmy awardwinning shows have been commended for their diverse casts, for breaking stereotypes, and for redefining comedy as a whole. But the main characters are all still white: Amy Poehler, Steve Carrell, Jake Peralta, and Kristen Bell. BIPOC are rarely, if ever, the main characters of shows that don’t revolve around cultural or racial identity, and especially shows that are developed by white creators (for example, Dan Goor, Michael Schur, and Greg Daniels are the creators of the shows listed above). Another thing we often see is stories

that originally had little to no people of colour being adapted to involve BIPOC as main characters. An example of this is Halle Bailey being cast as Ariel in the upcoming Little Mermaid film, or Zendaya cast as MJ in the SpiderMan movies. Both are fantastic actors partaking in movies adapted from literature where the original characters were white. But instead of race-swapping characters and refusing to admit that BIPOC writers and stories were never truly popularized, published or adapted for film and television prior to the 21st century, why don’t we simply create more stories with BIPOC in leading roles from the start? There is still plenty of work to be done to support and uplift BIPOC in film and television. Simply putting us on television is not enough, and will not eradicate the inadequacies of the entertainment sector. With greater input from BIPOC, not just on screen, but behind the scenes and with improved quality of roles, we can make this industry truly representative of what each of us experience on a daily basis. With said input, we can properly portray our incredibly diverse world with compelling people from a multitude of racial backgrounds that all deserve to see themselves on screen in

Homemade ski hill shut down by neighbourhood watch by Amria Benjamin A homemade ski hill has been taken down by a neighbourhood watch group following numerous complaints.

her family, decided to create a makeshift hill for her three kids to practice while at home.

Allie Pine was confronted by the Sandy Hill Safety Collective (SHSC) for creating the ski hill following a dramatic snowstorm.

“I just wanted to brighten their weekend a bit,” said Pine. “Why is there a by-law for how much snow a resident can have?”

The collective claims the ski hill surpassed by-law standards for owning snow structures, which is restricted to a maximum of 3ft. in height.

Snow Upkeep By-law no. 420/2020 outlines certain standards for snow possession in the city. Section 34 states “no Ottawa resident may possess more than 3ft. of snow on their person.”

“It was just so irresponsible of her,” said Scott Plow, the vice-secretary of SHSC. “Skiing is a concerning activity as is, but on a 7ft. hill? Ridiculous.” Pine, who takes frequent ski trips with

This isn’t Pine’s first run-in with SHSC; she claims members of the collective harassed her son’s lemonade stand last year.

“He’s just a nine-year-old selling lemonade,” said Pine. “I feel like some of these parents have too much time on their hands.” Plow defends the group’s frequent activity, arguing the collective exists for the safety of the neighbourhood. “You never know what people are doing in their backyards — that’s where we step in,” said Plow. “Today it’s a ski hill, but tomorrow it could be a meth lab. We believe it’s better to be safe than sorry.

By Danny Di Dear Dionysus:, can I be friends with my ex? I don’t know if it’s a good idea to try and rekindle our friendship after a breakup, would it be weird to reach out? Is it even possible to be friends with an ex? -Ex Friend Dear EF, Navigating the waters of friendships and relationships is not an easy task. Once the added pressure of a relationship is introduced to a friendship, it’s very difficult to make the embers of attraction die down, even after a breakup. Obviously, there are a lot of factors and a lot of situations that could lead to a different answer to the question. Can you be friends with an ex? Probably not. Things can get confusing. Trying to be friends with an ex is likely to make you overthink every interaction and conversation you have with them, especially at first. Did they say that in a flirting manner? Do they still think about all the things we used to do? Do they still have feelings for me? Do I still have feelings for them? Not to mention the likelihood of them seeing someone else and you being forced to be there for them as a passenger in their new relationship. If you think you’re capable of going through all that — and more — without being jealous, weird, or awkward, then there’s definitely potential to preserve a friendship with an ex. If you were good friends before taking your relationship to the next level, it’ll probably be easier to ease back into a friendly tone. If your relationship was very intense, it might be a bit harder to set those feelings and memories aside in order to have a healthy friendship. Remember, don’t rush a friendship after a breakup. It can be difficult to sort out feelings and get over a person you’ve been dating if you see them or talk to them frequently, even if you’re just friends. To be completely honest, unless it happens naturally, being friends with an ex is rarely ever worth it. It causes unnecessary drama and often does more harm than good when it comes to one’s mental health of even your sanity. Love, -Di

January 25, 2021



Admin’s decision to delay release of final grades a slap in the face to students

The Fulcrum

Page 17

The Fulcrum is published by the Fulcrum Publishing Society. 631 King Edward Ave., Ottawa, On, K1N 6N5. E-mail address: editor@thefulcrum.ca

What are students supposed to do while professors to finalize their marks? by The Fulcrum Editorial Board We know: 2020 was exhausting. Many things have drastically changed and the world has had to adjust to make ends meet and society has had to push forward. The lives of post secondary students, in particular, were caught in the middle of a tornado of change. The education system this past year has taken drastic measures along the way to ensure continual education — sometimes at the cost of leaving students in the dark. With campuses closed, virtual learning was implemented with little to no preparation for both students and professors. Four semesters in, technological issues continue to pile up and be used as an excuse for subpar education.

Photo: Jaclyn McRae-Sadik/Fulcrum

In the post-secondary education system, grades are one of the most important aspects of a student’s life because they impact whether or not they earn their scholarship or bursary. Then, in turn, depending on the grades they earn, the money students receive can go beyond just tuition and help with daily life essentials such as rent and food.

What are U of O students supposed to do A pushed-back tuition payment deadline might solve a future administration issue, in the meantime while they wait for profesbut it doesn’t solve the current financial sors to finalize their marks? That’s a quesproblems students have outside of their tion we don’t have the answer to. university bills. Scholarships are a reward for high marks Many students are now in a state of pre- – marks which have been even harder to carity for the month of January, caught achieve in the face of mandatory virtual wondering about scholarships that may learning. The fact that they have been deBut these are factors students have been never arrive because they are unaware of layed is a slap in the face to those who have But what happens when deadlines for fidealing with since March. The one thing succeeded in producing outstanding work how they fared in their courses. nal grades are pushed back? What happens that students were not ready for, however, during unprecedented times and rely on fiwhen the university doesn’t directly comwas the added stress of not receiving their nancial assistance to continue their educaAt the same time, their bank accounts municate the delayed release? That’s the sitfinal 2020 fall semester grades. The decition. dwindle and their living expenses add up. uation many U of O students currently find sion is not only detrimental to students’ acathemselves in at the moment — and frankly, demic success, but also their daily life. it’s unacceptable. Amongst students, there is an overwhelming feeling of burnout. With the current provincial lockdown, students are feeling the effects of isolation from their peers as social gatherings are prohibited. Add-in a heavier workload and you have a perfect recipe for increased anxiety and burnout.

Editorial Staff Editor-in-Chief Charley “Good Grief” Dutil VOLUME 81. ISSUE 6. January 25, 2021

Thanks to these people, we were able to bring you another issue of the Fulcrum. We hope you enjoyed our retro issue, the layout was inspired by the Fulcrum’s 1993 to 1997 layouts.

Managing Editor Emily “Lets Bounce” Wilson Co-News Editor Paige “Cool Bean” Holland Co-News Editor Bridget “Bitchin’” Coady Arts & Culture Editor Aly “Bee’s Knees” Murphy

Cover by: Dasser Kamran

Science & Tech Editor Hannah “Flower Power” Sabourin

Visual Director Dasser “Jeepers” Kamran

Features Editor Amira “Cowabunga” Benjamin

Videographer Sam “Dude” Coulavin

Ass. Features Editor Siena “Totally Rad” Domaradzki-Kim Staff Writer Jelena “That’s Fetch” Maric Online Editor Leyla “Happy Cabbage” Abdolell

Opinions Editor Jasmine “Gnarly” McKnight

Board of Directors President Justin Turcotte Vice President Kalki Nagaratnam Chief of Staff Kate Murray

Editorial Intern Trevor “Groovy” Oates

Chair Ben King

Administrative Staff

Fulcrum Alum Rep David Campion-Smith

General Manager Dorian Ghosn

Staff Rep Ryan pepper

Staff Rep Brendan Keane Student Rep Julia D’Silva University Rep Danika McDonald Ombusdsperson Harley Hubbard Martyr of the week The many students still waiting for their first semester grades. Danke.

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