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tUfpNwd; rhh; vdJ Ngq; Ngyd; ] ; 5 6 5 0 /- & g h a ; rhh;.... ehd; ghisaq; N fhl; i lapy xU gpugykhd fy;Y}hpay B.com gbf;fpNwd;rhh;|| vd;W khh;jl;b nrhd;dijf; Nfl;L vd; jiyapy; ,bNa tpOe;jJ Nghy Mfptpl;lJ. Mk;.... me;j ,isQdpd; ghh;itapy; jd;dk;gpf;if xsp njhpe;jJ.

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fpNuf;f ehl;bypUe;J ,e;jpah tiu gilnaLj; J te; J cyifNa ntw; w p ngwKbAk; vd; w jd; d k; g pf; i f kdpjd; mnyf;rhz;lhpd; tho;f;ifg;ghlk; cq;fSf;F ntw;wpahf ,Uf;fl;Lk;. jd;ntw;wpg; ghijapy; mnyf;rhz;lh; ,we;JNghdhYk; mirf; f Kbahj jd; d k; g pf; i f jhNd ntw;wpf;F mioj;J nrd;wJ.

cq;fSf;Fs; jd;dk;gpf;if ,Uf;Fk; NghJ ,isQh; f Ns Vd; eP q ; f s; gpwhpd; mwpTiufis Nfl;f epidf;fpwPhfs;... rpyuJ Nkhl; b Ntrd; cq; f shy; Vw; W f; n fhs; s Kbahjjhf ,Uf;Fk;. rpyuJ Nkhl;bNtrd; xUthpd; fUj; i j jpzpg; g jhf ,Uf; F k; . kw; w tuJ Nkhl; b Ntrd; mwpTiufSk; > fz;ldq;fSk; epiwe;jjhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,jdhy; cq;fspd; Rarpe;jid> ey;y mwpT tsuhky; Ngha;tpLk;.

mnyf;rhz;lh; cyif ntw;wp ngw Gwg;gl;l NghJ mtuJ ek;gpf;if fhjyp Xh; fbjj;ij nfhLj;J ePq;fs; ntw;wpg; gazk; nry;Yk;NghJ VjhtJ> kdr;Nrhh;T te;jhy; ,e; j fbjj; i j gphpj; J gbAq; f s; vd; W $wpdhs;.... mnyf;rhz;lh; gy ehLfis ntd;W gy;NtW Jd;gg;gl;lNghJk; me;j fbjj;ij gphpj;J gbf;ftpy;iy. cldpUe;j tPuh;fs; mf;fbjj;ij epidt+l;ba NghJ mnyf;rhz;lh; nrhd;dgjpy; ~jd;dk;gpf;if vdJ caph; %r;R... vd;dhNy Kbahj xd;W mjpy; vd;d ,Uf;fKbAk;... vdf;Fj;Njit vdJ jd;ijhpaNk MFk; vd;whh;.

ehk; thOk; r%fj; j py; Njhy; t p Njtijapd; J}Jth;fs; ,d;W gtdp tUfpwhh; f s; . vij gw; w pAk; vz; z hNj! ,iwtid kl; L Nk ek; G vd; W $wptpl; L mth;fspd; jd;dk;gpf;if tho;f;iff;F ek;ik ,iuahf;fptpl;L nry;fpwhh;fs;. ,isQh;fNs! ftdkhapUq;fs;. ,iwtid Jizahff; nfhz;L jd;dk;gpf;ifia ifapy; vLj;Jf; nfhz;L cq;fs; tho;f;if ghijia rhpnra;Aq;fs;. gpwh; Ngr;rpy; %f;if Eiof;fhjPhf ; s;. cq;fsJ jpwikfis thpir gLj; j pf; ; nfhz; L ntw; w piaf; Ftpf; f KaYq;fs;.

,isQh; f Ns! ntw; w papd; ghij rkjskhf ,Uf;fhJ@ NkLk; gs;sKkhfj; jhd; ,Uf;Fk;..... ,lwptpohky; vOe;J elf;f Kbak; vd; w jd; d k; g pf; i f vz; z j; i j Jsputpl; L gazk; Nkw; n fhs; S q; f s; ntw;wpepr;rak;.... ghh;fis kwe;jhy; jhd; ghiu nty; y KbAk; . ... jd; d k; g pf; i f vd; g J lh];khh;f;fy;y... khwhf jd;dk;gpf;if jhd; cq;fspd; gh];khh;f;. 7


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GpXôm G(E)]dLô ----- m. mkyh Nrtpah; n[hp

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,it kl;Lkh? Rthpy; xU Mzp mbf;f vj;jid Kiw Rj;jpayhy; miwfpNwhk;? Mdhy; md;W mtuJ iffspYk; fhy;fspYk; Mzpahy; miwe; j hh; f Ns> mJ mtuJ xt;nthU mZitAk;> xt;nthU rijiaAk; fpopf;Fk; NghJ vj;jid Ntjidg; gl;bUg;ghh;? vg;gb GOthfj; Jbj;jpUg;ghh;? ,jw;F ehk; vd;d ifk;khW nra;Njhk;> my;yJ nra;ag;NghfpNwhk;? ,j; j id jpahfj; i jAk; eP j pkhd; f is kP l ; f Nth my; y J ey; y th; f Sf; f hfNth nra;jhy; guthapy;iy> midj;Jk; ek;ikg; Nghd;w ghtpfSf;fhf my;yth nra;jhh;. ,jpy; vijahtJ vd;iwf;fhtJ jpahdpj;Njhkh? vd; i wf; f htJ epidf; f htJ nra; N jhkh? ,y;iy VJkpy;iy.

~~nka;ahfNt mtH ek; ghLfis Rke;J nfhz; l hH. mtuJ fhaq; f shy; ehk; FzkilfpNwhk;|| (tptpypak; ) Mk;> mtH ekJ ghtq;fis jd; Njhspy; rpYitahf Rke;jhH>firab gl;lhH>mtkhdr; rpd;dkhdhH> Vsdk; nra;ag;gl;lhH. ekf;fhf ek; xt;nthUthpd; ghtq;fSf;fhf.MdhYk; ehk; ghtk; nra;tij epWj;JfpNwhkh kPz;Lk; kPzL ; k; ghtk; nra;J mtuJ fhaj;ij NkYk; mjpfg; g Lj; j p>jpdKk; mtiu rpYitapy; miwfpNwhNk. fhypy; xU Ks; Fj;jpdhNyh> fha;fwp eWf;Fk; NghJ ifj;jtwp fj;jp ntl;b tpl;lhNyh ve;j msT ehk; Jbj;Jg; Ngha; tpLfpNwhk; Mdhy; md;W>

ehk; ekJ NjitfSf;fhf Ntz;Lk; NghJk; > ght kd;dpg;G Nfl;Fk; NghJk; vt;tsT chpikahf mJ Ntz;Lk; > ,J Ntz;Lk; > mg;gb ,g;gb vd;W Ntz;LfpNwhk;. Mdhy; jpdKk; xUKiwahtJ mkh; e ; J mthplk; kdjhu ekJ re;Njhrj;ij gfph;e;J nfhs;fpNwhkh? kdjhu mthplk; NgRfpNwhkh mtUf;fhf Neuk; xJf;FfpNwhkh ? xUjha; gps;isaplk; fhl;Lk; md;G NkyhdJ. ez;gh;fs; ,ilNa fhzg;gLk; 8


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md;G caH;thdJ . fhjyh;fs; ,ilNa cs;s md;G cd;djkhdJ . Mdhy; ,NaR fpwp];J ek;kPJ nfhz;Ls;s md;G ,J mj;jidAk; tpl 1000 klq;F mjpfkhdJ . kdpj cwTfs; gytw;iwAk; vjph;ghh;f;Fk;. Mdhy; flTs; ek;kplk; vjph;ghh;g;gJ ekJ cs;sj;ijkl;LNk Mdhy; ehk; kdpj cwTfis cah;thf vz;ZfpNwhNk jtpu fpwp];Jtpd; jpahfj;ij epidf;fpNwhkh? rpe;jpg;Nghk;.

; ~~ePq;fs; ve;j msf;fpwPH;fNsh mNj cq;fSf;Fk; msf;fg;gLk;||

,NaR fpwp]; J vt; t hW ekf; F ghtkd;dpg;G mspj;jhNuh mijg;Nghy ekf;F vjpuhd ghtk; nra;Nthiu kd;dpg;Nghk; . ,NaR fpwp]; J vt; t sT ek; i k Nerpf; f pwhNuh mt;thNw ehKk; mtiu Nerpg;Nghk;> gpwiuAk; Nerpg;Nghk;> ,NaR fhl;ba jpahf tpsf;fpy; xspnfhLg; N ghk; Kd; khjphpahd tho; T tho;Nthk;.

ekf;fhf ,j;jid jpahfq;fs; nra;Jk;> ehk; gpwh; ghtq;fis kd;dpf;fhky; tho;e;J tUfpNwhk;.

nf nj hs hpe ;J S ; qf; s ;

msitahy; msitahy;

,e;jpahtpd; Njrpa rpd;dk; (National Emblem)

rhuehj;jpy; cs;s mNrhfh; ];J}gpapy; ,Ue;J vLf;fg;gl;l mNrhfr; rf; f ukhFk; . mjpy; ,Uf; F k; ehd; F rpq; f q; f spy; xd;W kWGwj;jpy; ,Ug;gjhy; ek;khy; ghh;ff ; Kbtjpy;iy. mtw;wpd; fPNo xU rf;fuKk; (jh;kr; rf;fuKk; - Wheel of lan) ,ilNa rPwpg;ghAk; FjpiufSk;, fhisfSk,; nghwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. gPlj;jpd; fPNo Kz;lf cgepljj;jpy; ,Ue;J vLf;fg;gl;l ~tha;ikNa nty;Yk;| vd;Dk; nghUs; nfhz;l ‘rj;a Nkt [aNj’ vd;w thh;j;ijfs; Njtdhfphp vOj;Jf;fspy; nghwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. 1950 Mk; Mz;L [dthp 26 - k; Njjp ,J ,e;jpahtpd; Njrpa rpd;dkhf mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;lJ.. ,e;j Njrpar; rpd;dj;ij ,e;jpa murhq;fk; kw;Wk; khepy murhq;fq;fspd; mYtyf Nehf;fq;fSf;F kl;LNk gad;gLj;j KbAk;. ,e;jpa FbauR jiyth;, kj;jpa mikr;rh;fs; ,kw;Wk; mikr;rfq;fs;, ntspehLfspYs;s ,e;jpa J}jufq;fs;, khepy MSeh;fs;, kw;Wk; jiyik mjpfhhpfs;, khepy mikr;rh;fs; kw;Wk; ,yhfhf;fspd; xNu mjpfhug;G+h;t Kj;jpiu ,JNt. Njrpa rpd;dk; mikr;rh;fs; gad;gLj;Jk; vOJ jhs;fspy; (Letter head) ePy tz;zj;jpYk;, mjpfhhpfs; gad;gLj;Jk; vOJ jhs;fs; rpfg;G tz;zj;jpYk; mr;rplNtz;Lk;. (rpy Fwpg;gpl;l mjpfhhpfs;, ntspehl;L muRldhd njhlh;Gf;F ePy tz;z Njrpa rpd;dk; mr;rplg;gl;l vOJ jhs;fisg; gad;gLj;jyhk;). kf;fsit cWg;gpdh;fs; gr;ir tz;zj;jpYk;, khepyq;fsit cWg;gpdh;fs; rptg;G tz;zj;jpYk; Njrpa rpd;dj;ij gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. By K . Gladson, Kurusady 9


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AÔ AÔ EûXVôp EûXVôp AÔdLÞm Tô§dÏm AÔdLÞm Tô§dÏm P.mky;uh[;> FUrb.

~~mZ ciyahy; ek; caph; mZf;fSk; ghjpf;Fk; vd;w czh;tpid Ghpe;J nfhz;L chpikf;Fuy; nfhLg;Nghk;|| vd;w jiyaq; f k; mwpTg; G +h; t khd nray; vd midtUk; Vw;Wf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. fz;bg;ghf ghjpg;G Vw;glj;jhd; nra;Ak; njhiytpy; ,Ue;J nfhz;L NgRtij tpl mUfpy; te;J epd;why; mjd; Mok; Gyg;gLk;.

$lq;Fsk; mZkpd;epiyak; Ntz;lhk; vd;fpd;w kf;fs; Muk; g fhyj; j pNyNa fl; L khd gzpfs; njhlq;Fk; Kd;dNu jLj;J epWj;jpapUf;fyhNk. mij tpLj;J vy;yhk; epiwTw;W njhlq;Fk; Ntisapy; vjph;g;gij rw;W rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. Nfhbf;fzf;fhd muR gzk; tpuakhf;fg;gLtjpy; > xl;Lnkhj;j kf; f Sk; ghjpg; g ilfpd; w hh; f s; . vdpDk; kf;fspd; mr;rj;ijg; Nghf;fp gpd;dh; nray; tbtpw; F jpl; l j; i j nfhz; L tu muR Mtznra;tNj rpwg;G..!

mZciyahy; ve;jnthU ghjpg;Gk; ,y;iy vd;W $Wk; muRfs; ghuhSkd;wj;jpw;F mUfpNyh my;yJ rl;lkd;wj;jpw;F mUfpNyh mikj;J ,Uf;fyhNk! Vd; mjid nra;atpy;iy .vy;yhk; fhuzkhfj;jhd; vd rpe; j pf; f Ntz; L k; . mZ ciyapypUe; J ntsptUk; fjph;tPr;Rf;fs; kdpjDf;F gbg;gbahf GJtpjkhd Neha;fis cUthf;fj;jhd; nra;Ak;. mjidAk; ehk; re;jpj;Nj jPu Ntz;Lk;> mjw;F midtUk; xd;Wg;gl;L nray;gl Ntz;Lk;. $lq;Fsk; Njitah vd rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;.

RL]lT- V ôdÏúYm.. .. .. RôVu× Ïû\kRôÛm RW¦ TûPjR Cû\Vu× Rôe¡ÓYôo SmûU §]m AYWÕ AÚs LWeL°úX! AZLô] úWô_ô UXokÕ ØhùN¥«úX AuûT ùY°lTÓj§P AuTo CúVÑ AY§lThPôo £ÛûY UWj§úX! EXûL TûPjR AZÏ ULu AZûL CZkÕ ×ÝYôn ùS°kRôo LÝ UWj§²úX! AYWu©p Sôu UXW! AàT®dL Eu]R ULu RûXNôndL G²p YôZ Es[UûR CpX Uôd¡ú]u.... E«o ùLôÓjR SiTàdLôn EûPTP E§Wm RkR CúVÑÜdLôn EÚ¡P ®ûRVôú]u Ui¦p Cuß..... U²Rm UXok§P TôYm Uû\k§P Uu]Yu CúVÑ®u U§lÀÓLs ª°k§P YôrûY RL]T-Vôn BdÏúYôm.......

Mdhy; > ,d;iwa #oypy; kpd;jl;Lg;ghl;il Nghf;f vd;d top vd;gjid rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. khwp tUk; cyfpy; tPLfs; >njhopw; r hiyfs; vd ngUfpf; n fhz; N l nry;fpd;wd. ,itfSf;F kpd;rhuk; vg;gb toq;FtJ? fy;tp fw;fpd;w khzth;fs; ,utpy; vt; t hW gbg; g J? Foe; i jfis itj; J f; nfhz;L ,utpy; mth;fis vt;thW J}q;f itg;gJ? vd vz;Zfpd;w NghJ $lq;Fsk; mZkpd;epiyak; Njit vd;Nw Njhd;Wfpd;wJ.nry;Nghd; NgRk;NghJ mjd; fjph;tPr;R rpy jPikfis cUthf;fpdhYk; gy ed;ikfis jUfpd;wJ vd;w fhuzj;jhy; mjid ntWf;ftpy;iy.mJ Nghy $lq;Fsk; mZkpd;epiyak; rpy jPikfisj; je;jhYk; gy ed;ikfis gy kf;fSf;F mspf;Fk; vd;gJ cz;ik.

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®®-V ®]ô - ®ûP úTôh¥ - 2 cynfq; F k; nrd; W gilg; G fSf; F vy; y hk; ew; n ra; j pia giwrhw; W q; f s; (khw; F 14:15) ,NaRtpd; thh;j;ijahd ghpRj;j Ntjfkj;jpd; ew;nra;jpfis kf; f s; mwpe; J mjd; gyid mila Ntz; L k; vd; g Nj ,e; j tptpypa tpdh-tpil Ngl; b apd; Nehf; f khFk; . P. Mdp nrhh; z uhzp

I. J } a k h w ; F KOtJk; 1. 2. 3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

vOjpa

RtpN\rk; (50 x1=50)

15. gps; i sfSf; F chpa czit eha; Fl;bfSf;F NghLtJ Kiw my;y vd;W ,NaR Vd; nrhd;dhh;? 16. rPNkhDila khkpahhpd; fha;r;ry; vg;gb FzkhdJ? 17. kiwE}y; mwpQh;fs; vij tpUk;Gfpwhh;fs;. 18. Neha;Aw;wtDf;Nf kUj;Jth; Njit vd;W ,NaR vij Fwpj;J $wpdhh;? 19. ,NaR jk; rPliu glNfwp vq;F Nghf nrhd;dhh;? 20. , N a R ahiuf; fhZk; NghJ ntl;fg;gLNtd; vd;W nrhd;dhh;? 21. FUlid Rfkhf;Fk;NghJ mtd; Kjypy; vd;d njhpfpwJ vd;W nrhd;dhh;? 22. Neha; f is Fzkhf; f Tk; Nga; f is Xl;lTk; ,NaR ahUf;F Kjypy; mjpfhuk; nfhLj;jhh;? 23. Nahthd; tUifia gw;wp Kd;Ng ve;j ,iwthf;fpdh; $wpdhh;? 24. Xa;T ehspy; ,NaR nra;j mw;Gjk; vd;d? 25. vypahit fz;l rPlh;fs; ahh;? 26. fl;LNthh; Gwf;fzpj;j fy;Ny> fl;llj;Jf;F %iyfy; Mapw; W ,jpy; fl; L Nthh; > Kiyf; f y; > fl; l lk; vd; g J vij Fwpf;fpwJ? 27. kf;fSf;F njhpahky; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W ,NaR vq;F Ngha; ,Ue;jhh;? 28. ~$k;| vd;gjd; mh;jj ; k; vd;d? ahh; ahhplk; nrhd;dJ? vd;d ele;jJ?

khw;F vd;w ngahpd; mh;j;jk; vd;d? rhfg; N ghfpNwhk; vd; W rP l h; f s; Vd; $r;rypl;ldh;? kdpjdpd; cs;Ns ,Ue;J ntspNa tUtJ jPl;LgLj;Jk; vd;W Vd; nrhd;dhh;? vij Fwpj;J nrhd;dhh;? ,NaR fz;izgpLq;fp vwpe;J tpLq;fs; vd;W Vd; nrhd;dhh;? ahh; kPl;G ngWth;? rPNkhdplk; ,NaR vjw;fhf g+kpf;F te;Njd; vd;W $wpdhh;? ,uj; j Nghf; f pdhy; mtjpgl; l ngz; Fzkhtjd; Kf;fpa Nehf;fk; vd;d? vd; md;ghd ike;jd; ,tNu vd;w Fuy; vg;NghJ xypj;jJ. ek; Fw;wq;fs; vg;NghJ kd;dpf;fg;gLk;? flypy; ele;J te;j ,NaRit fz;L rPlh;fs; Vd; gae;jdh;? ,NaRNt ckf;F ,q;F vd;d Ntiy vd;W ahh;> vjw;F Nfl;lhh;? NkhNrapd; rl;lj;jpy; ahh; nfhy;yg;glNtz;Lk; vd;W cs;sJ. vd;id tijf;f Ntz;lhk; vd;W ahh; ahhplk; $wpdhh;? Cik> nrtpl;L Mtpia rPlh;fs; Vd; Xl;lKbatpy;iy? 11


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¿úWôûP II. trdk; mwpf:-

29. flTs; xUtiu jtpu ey;yth; xUtUk; ,y;iyNa vd;W ,NaR Vd; nrhd;dhh;? 30. nfhjpuhj;J vd;gjd; tpsf;fk; jUf? 31. ,NaRit xopf; f ahh; > ahh; #l; r p nra;jdh;? 32. Nahthd; jiy Ntz; L k; vd; W ahh; vjw;fhf Nfl;lhh;? 33. ,NaRTf;F jPa Mtp gpbj;jpUf;fpwJ vd;W Vd; $wpdhh;. 34. ,NaR rPlh;fis jdpikahf Vd; Xa;T vLf;f nrhd;dhh;. 35. ,NaRtpd; Nky; ek;gpf;if nfhz;lth;fs; vd;d mUs; nray;fis nra;thh;fs;? 36. ,NaR Vd; flypy; ele;J te;jhh;? 37. rhj;jhNd vd;W rPliu Vd; nrhd;dhh;? 38. ,iw Ntz;lypd; tPL vJ? 39. ,NaR jiuapy; tpOe;J vd;d Ntz;bdhh;? 40. ,NaR nrhe; j Chpy; Vd; $Ljy; mw;Gjq;fs; nra;atpy;iy? 41. ,NaR capNuhL vj; j id kzpNeuk; rpYitapy; njhq;fpdhh;. 42. vg;gj;jh vd;gjd; nghUs; vd;d? 43. ,yhkpr;ir gw;wp cs;s Ie;J tpsf;fk; jUf? 44. , N a R T f ; F v q ; F itj;J grp cz;lhapw;W? 45. ,NaR thdj;ij ghh;j;J ngU%r;rp tpl;L vd;d nra;jhh;? 46. ,NaRit ghh;j;J uGdp vd;W ahh;? vd;d Nfl;lhh;? 47. khdpl kfd; vg;NghJ tUthh;? 48. nrg;NjAtpd; kf;fs; ,NaRtplk; vd;d Ntz;bdh;? 49. f l T s p l k ; e h k ; N f l ; g J v g ; N g h J fpilf;Fk;. 50. kz; Z yfpy; ,NaRTf; F ghtq; f is kd;dpf;f mjpfhuk; cz;L vd;gij ve;j mw;Gjk; thapyhf epUgpj;jdh;?

jpUg;ghly; : 25-75 (15 x2=30)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

,iwkf;fis xOf;fpNahhpd; vYk;Gfisf; flTs; rpjwbg;ghh; Neha; eP q ; f pg; gLf; i fapdpd; W mth; vOk;Gk;gb nra;thh;. mth; vd;id vy;yh ,d;dy;fspd;Wk; tpLtpj;Js;shh;. khdplh; midtUk; ePh; Fkpo; Nghd;wtNu. euk;gpy;yh ehTilNahNd eP tpUk;Gk; nrhw;fs; midj;Jk; NfL tpistpg;gdNt! ePjpNah ckJ tpUg;gk; mdPjpNah ckf;F ntWg;G. khdplh; ck; ,wf; i ffspd; epoypy; Gfyplk; ngWfpd;wdh;. flTs; cd; capiu kPl;gJ cWjp. NrW epiwe;j gs;sj;jpd;W J}f;fp vLj;jhh;. ePh; tpUk;GtJ cs;sj;J cz;ikiaNa. flTis ek; g papUf; f pd; N wd; vjw; F k; mQ;Nrd;. eP N u gifth; f splk; ,Ue; J vq; f is fhg;ghw;wpdPh;. flTNs ekf;F muz;. flTNs midj;jpw;Fk; Nkyhdth;. thdfj;jpd;W mth; vdf;F cjtp mDg;gp vd;id fhj;jUSthh;.

III. Nfhbl;l ,lk; epug;Gf:- (10 x 2 =2 0) 1. 2. 3.

n[gNjAtpd; kfd; ................................ ,NaR .............................. ,y;yj;jpy; ,Ue;jhh;. rPlh;fs; rpyh; ........................... cz;gij fz;lhh;fs;. 4. rPlh;fs; ..................... top ele;jdh;. 5. ,Nar ................... Juj;jj; Jlq;fpdhh;. 6. ,Nar rPlh;fsld; glNfwp ........... gFjpf;F nrd;whh;. 7. NghjfNu ePh; .................... cs;sth;. 8. gd;dPUtUld; ................ Gwg;gl;L nrd;whh;. 9. ,NaR ....................... Ngrj; Jlq;fpdhh;. 10. rhj;jhd; rhj;jhd; ............... xl;lKbAk;. 12


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ùTôÕ A±Ü úTôh¥ - 2 md;ghh;e;j thrfh;fNs! nghJ mwpT - ekJ tho; f ; i fapd; vjph; f hy kfpo; T vd; g jid czh; e ; J ftdkhf gbAq;fs;. tpilfis nts;isj;jhspy; vOjp chpa ,lj;jpy; Nrh;j;J tpLq;fs;.. ,J cq;fspd; mwpT tpUe;J..... 1. nkhfQ;rjhNuh> `ug;gh ,Uf;Fk; ehL? m) ,e;jpah M) ghfp];jhd; ,) Mg;fhdp];jhd; <) gq;fshNj~;

9. ,ir kw;Wk; eldk; gw;wp $Wk; Ntjk;? m) fhe;jh;t Ntjk; M) rhk Ntjk; ,) jDhh; Ntjk; <) hpf; Ntjk;

2. rpe;J rkntsp ehfhpfj;jpw;F kpf Kf;fpakhd rhd;W vJ? m) fy;ntl;Lfs; M) mfo;thuha;r;rpr; rhd;Wfs; ,) nrg;Gg;gl;laq;fs; <) Ntjq;fs;

10. cyfj;jpiyNa kpf ePzl ; xw;iw nra;As;? m) ey;y Ntdpw;fhy ,utpd; fij (Mid Summer Nights Dream) M) rpyg;gjpfhuk; ,) kJuh tp[ak; <) kfhghujk;

3. ve;j ehfhpfj;jpd; nkhop mwpag;gltpy;iy? m) `ug;gh ehfhpfk; M)vfpg;jpa ehfhpfk; ,) RNkhpah; gz;ghL <) nkrhg;gNlhkpah ehfhpfk;

11. Ntjq;fis ehd;fhf tFj;jth; ahh;? m) trp~;lh; M) tpahrh; ,) tpRthkpj;jpuh; <) thy;kPfp 12. hpf; Ntj fhy kf;fs; mwpe;jpuhj tpyq;F? m) rpq;fk; M) ahid ,) Gyp <) kdpjf;Fuq;F

4. rpe;J rkntsp ehfhpfj;jpy; rpwg;G ngwhj mk;rk;? m) efu mikg;G M) fl;blf;fiy ,) ifj;njhopy; <) fpuhkq;fs;

13.,uhkhazj;jpd; %yj;ij vOjpaJ? m) Jsrpjh]; M) fPh;j;jpjh]; ,) fhrpuhk; jh]; <) thy;kPfp

5. rpe;J rkntsp kf;fs; ve;j nghUis ,wf;Fkjp nra;jhh;fs;? m) NfhJik M) gourk; ,) nts;sp <)rpy;f;

14. i[d rkaj;ijj; Njhw;Wtpj;jth;? m) hp~gh; M) kfhtPuh; ,) ghh;Rtehjh; <) gj;jpu ghF

6. rpe;J ntsp ehfhPfj;ij mfo;tha;T nra;jth;? m) fd;dpq;fhk; M) khh;~y; ,) tPyh; <) uhgh;l; G&]; Gl;

15. kfhtPuhpd; Nghjidfsf;fhd ngah;? m) ehd;F cz;ikfs; M) vz;tif khh;f;fk; ,) %d;W uj;jpdq;fs; <) ,itfspy; vJTkpy;iy

7. hpf; Ntj fhy kf;fspd; mbg;gil r%f mikg;G vJ? m) jha; Mjpf;f FLk;gk; M) je;ij Mjpf;f FLk;gk; ,) jha; Mjpf;f kw;Wk; je;ij Mjpf;f FLk;gk; <) ,it vJTkpy;iy 8. Nrhkh vd;gJ vd;d? m) ghly; M) cil ,) Nts;tp <) kJghdk;

16. ,tUila Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; %d;whk; Gj;j khehL $l;lg;gl;lJ? m) gpk;gprhuh; M) m[hjrj;JU ,) mNrhfh; ,) fdp~;fh; 17. ....................Gj;j kj Gdpj EhyhFk;? m) jphpgplfk; M) Mfkrpj;jhe;jk; ,) vz;khh;f;fk; <) Ntjk; 13


HlWp-úU-_øu 2012

¿úWôûP

18. Gj;jh; vjdbapy; QhNdhjak; ngw;whh;? m) G+tur kuk; M) My kuk; ,) Nghjp kuk;

25. rq;f ,yf;fpaq;fspy; kpfj; njhz;ikahdJ? m) rpyg;gjpfhuk; M) vl;Lj;njhif ,) njhy;fhg;gpak; <) gj;Jg;ghl;L 26. rq;f fhyj;jpy; fhNthp ghAk; gFjp... ehL vdg;gl;lJ? m) Nru M) ghz;ba ,)Nrho <) gwk;G 27. rq;f fhyj;jpy; jiyrpwe;J tpsq;fpa Nrho kd;dh; ahh;? m) fhpfhyd; M) nrq;Fl;Ltd; ,) fidf;fhy; ,Uk;nghiw <) fLq;Nfh 28. rpyg;gjpfhuj;jpd; Mrphpah;? m) ,sq;Nfh mbfs; M) rPj;jiy rhj;jdhh; ,) njhy; fhg;gpah; <) ,tw;Ws; vJTkpy;iy 29. ghz;bah;fspd; JiwKfk;? m) kJiu M) nfhw;if ,) Krpwp <) fhtphpG+k;gl;bdk; 30. ve; j fhyk; jkpo; ; ,yf; f paj; j pd; nghw;fhyk; vd;W miof;fg;gLfpwJ? m) Nrhoh; fhyk; M) gy;yth; fhyk; ,) rq;f fhyk; <) ,Ugjhk; E}w;whz;L

<) Ntg;g kuk;

19. mnyf;rhe;jh; jiytdhf Ntz;Lk; vd;W kpfTk; tpUk;gpa ehL? m) ,e;jpah M) ghurPfk; ,) Mg;fhdpj;jhdk; <) khrpNlhdpah 20. rhzf;fpah; vOjpa EHy;? m) kfhtk;rk; M) jPg tk;rk; ,) mh;j;j rh];jpuk; <) ,z;bfh 21. G j p a f w ; f h y k d p j d ; N t l ; i l f ; F gad;gLj;jpa gpuhzp? m) Fjpiu M) vUJ ,) eha; <) ML 22. kdpjd; mwpe;j Kjy; cNyhfk;? m) jq;fk; M) nrk;G ,) ,Uk;G <) nts;sp 23. goq;fhy NuhkhGhp ehzaq;fs; jkpo; ehl;by; mfoha;tpy; fpilj;j ,lk;? m) Mjpr;rey;YHh; M) mhpf;fNkL ,) ciwA+h; <) fhQ;rpGuk; 24. rq;fk; tsh;j;j nkhop? m) jkpo; M) ,e;jp ,) cUJ <) rkf;fpUjk;

£kRû]j Õ°Ls ciog;gpid mwpe;jth; tpLtJ tpah;itj;Jsp. ciog;gpid mwpahjth; tpLtJ fz;zPh;j;Jsp. Neuj;ij mwpe;Nj tPzhf;Fgtd; tho;f;ifapd; mUikia czuhjtd;. kfhd;Nghy; eP thoNtz;Lnkd;wpy;iy kdrhl;rpg; gb tho;e;jhy; NghJk; ! f\;lj;ij mDgtpf;fhky; kdpjd; xUNghJk; yl;rpaj;ij milaKbahJ. M.F. m];tpd; M.F. fpshl;tpd; 14


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,lkpUe;J tyk;

NkypUe;J fPo; 1. 2. 5. 6. 7. 9.

re;jpud; mg;ghtpd; Mq;fpy thh;j;ij N[hjplk; Fok;gpapUf;fpwJ gyk; ghk;G ,e; j pahtpd; Kjy; ngz; khefu fhty;Jiw Mizah; 11. ,e;jpahtpd; Kjy; ngz;gpujkh; 12. xU Chpd; ngah; 13. kug;nghe;J 14. ,g;Nghija Kjyikr;rh; 16. jpir

1. jj;Jt Nkij 3. Nrhh;T 5. tpUg;gk; 7. rhtb 8. xU g+tpd; ngah; 10. xU cNyhfk; tykpUe;J ,lkhf cs;sJ 12. epyj;jpYk; ePhpYk; thOk; caphpdk; 15. xU jpiug;glj;jpd; ngah; Fok;gpapUf;fpwJ 17. N f u s t p y ; cs;s xU Ch; Fok;gpapUf;fpwJ. 18. ,e;J Nfhtpy;fspy; MLk; Ml;lk;. 19. Kjy; kdpjh; Fok;gpapUf;fpwhh;. 20. kdpj ntb Fz;Lf;F gypahd gpujkh;

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,t;tsT cioj;jgpwFk;... nry; t q; f isr; Nrh; j ; j gpwFk; epk; k jpahf ,Uf; f pNwhkh vd; g J Nfs; t pf; F wpahfNt cs; s J. ghh; f ; f hj kUj; J th; ,y; i y@ Ntz; l hj nja; t k; ,y; i y@ ,wq; f hj Fsq; f s; ,y; i y@ Vwp ,wq; f hj Nfhapy; ,y;iy@ itf;fhj Ntz;Ljy;fs;> Neh;r;irfs; ,y;iy... Mdhy; clk;G KOtJk; Neha;fs;....

mnkhpf;fhtpd; ek;gh; 1 gzf;fhuh; ,uhf; n gy; y h; Vuhskhd nry; t q; f Sf; F mjpgjp. mth; xU ehs; tpkhdj;jpy; gazk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jhh;. mth; gf;fj;jpy; mkh;ej ; kw;nwhUth;. Iah! vq;F NghfpwPh;fs;? vd;whh;. 16


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¿úWôûP vd;W FOtpid Vw;gLj;jp Rkhh; 2 Nfhb &gha; nrytPl;by; Nfhapiy GJg;gpj;Njhk;. gq;Fg;Nguitahy; ,t;tsT nghpa njhifia KjyPL nra;a KbahJ. kf;fsplk; thpr;Rik mjpfkhfptpLk; vd;gij kdjpy; nfhz;l ey;Ys;sk; gilj;jth;fs; gy;NtW gzpfis jhq; f Ns nghWg; N gw; W ntspa+h; kf; f s; tpaf;Fk; tz;zk; ehk; - ekJ Ch; - ehk; gpwe;j kz; vd;W vz;zp> Nfhapypd; Nkw;$iu> rd;dy;> fjT> fPo;j;jsk;> Rthpy; ily;];> ntspkz;lgk;> Eiothapy;> Njh; epWj;Jkplk;> nfhbkuk;> Nfhapiyr;Rw;wp jsk;> n[dNul;lh;> ,Uf;iffs;> Nfhapy; gPlk;> NfhGuq;fspy; th;zk; vd;nwy;yhk; jpl;lkpl;L gpwh; gzj;ij #iwahlhky; ifg;gzk; Nghl;L ,uTk; gfYkhf ekJ Chpid Kd;Df;F nfhz;L te;Njhk;.

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E}w;whz;Ltpoh - tpd;NghJ 100 Mz;L Nfhapy; GJg;gpf;fg;glNtz;Lk; vd;w cah;e;j Nehf; f j; j py; ntspa+hpy; thOk; FUrb Ch;kf;fs; xd;wpize;J ~Nfhapy; rPuikg;Gf;FO

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gtstpoh - E}w;whz;Ltpoh rpwpjhd Nfhapiy gy Cuhhpd; ciog;ghy; nghpaf; Nfhapyhff; fl;b 75 Mz;L> 100 Mz;L vd gy;NtW rpwg;GfisAk; ehk;jhNd nra;Njhk;. gtstpohtpd; NghJ.

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P 2010 brk; g h; khjk; Myag; g zp epiwtilAk; jWthapy; ekJ gq;Fg;Nguit eph;thfpfs; (,d;W vjpUk; GjpUkhf eph;gth;fs;) xd;W Nrh;j;J gq;Fje;ijapd; ,y;yj;jpy; g+l;LNghl;L mtiu Mah; ,y;yj;jpw;F mDg;gpajd; Nehf;fk; vd;d? ,jid Nfs;tpgl;l Mya rPuikg;Gf;FO tpiue;J nray;gl;L Mya rPuikg;G gzpf;F ,ila+W Vw;glh tz;zk; gq;Fj;je;ijia kPl;f> Myag;gzpf;F xU yl; r j; j pw; F Nky; ed; n fhil toq;fpath;fs; xd;W$b gq;Fj;je;ijia Mah; ,y; y k; nrd; W mioj; J k; te;jdh;. Neuk; fpilf;Fk; Nghnjy;yhk; gq;Fj;je;ij miwiag; g+l;LtJ@ gpd; me; j g+l; L Nghl; l nryit Ch; fzf;fpy; vOJtJ> gpd; me;j g+l;il tPl;bw;F vLj;J nry;tJ> mjd;gpd; tha;f;F te;jgb mtJ}W NgRtJ@ vy;yhk; nra;Jtpl;L> ,d;W mth; Mrhkp - ehq;fs; jhd; vy;yhk; vd;W NgRtJ epahkh? ,th; tha;f;F g+l;Lg;NghLtJ ahh;? ,e;j fgl ehlfj;jpd; ,af;FeUk; iluf;lUk; ahh;....?

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rpWNrkpg;gpy; mjpfk; fl;bath;fSf;F jpUtpohtpd; NghJ Kjy; ghpR jq;f Nkhjpuk; 2-k; ghpR jq;f ehzak;. ,uz;L ghpRk;> Kjy; ghpR Jizjiyth; u];fPd; gPw;wh; mth;fSf;Fk; 2-tJ ghpR nrayhsh; N[R nuj;jpdk; mth;fSf;Fk; fpilj; j J. vg; g b ,th; f Sf; F ghpR fpilj;jJ vd;W mg;Nghija gq; F j; j e; i j tprhhpj; j jpy; > filrp thuj; j py; nkhj; j khf xU nghpa njhifia rpWNrkpg;G Gj;jfj;jpy; tuT itj; J me; j gzk; rpWNrkpg; g py; fzf;fpy; tuhky;> jhq;fs;jhd; mjpfkhf fl; b ath; f s; vd; W Ciu Vkhw;wp ghpir ngw;Wf; nfhz;ldh;. ,jd; tpisTjhd; mthpd; gjtpgwpg;G.

ä

jpU. u];fpd; gPw;wh; mth;fs; mg;Nghija nghUsh; jpUkjp. ypy;ypNkhp mth;fSf;F &.2>00>000 yl; r k; fldhf ms; s pf; nfhLf; f pwhh; . ve; j tpj [hkpDk; ,y; y hky; (rpWNrkpg; G njhlq; f pa fhyj;jpy; &.3000 fld; ngw Ntz;Lk; vd; w hy; ,uz; L Ngh; [hkpd; Nghl Ntz;Lk;. xUtUf;Fk; &.5000 f;F Nky; fld;fpilahJ). ,q;Nf ve;j tpjpKiwAk; filgpbf;ftpy;iy.

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flid ngw; W f; nfhz; l Kd; d hy; nghUsh; jpUkjp. ypy;ypNkhp mth;fs; flid xU thuj;jpy; jpUg;gpf; nfhLj;J tpLfpwhh@; Mdhy; me;jg; gzk; rpWNrkpg;G fzf;fpy; ,Jtiu tutpy;iy.

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2009 Mk; Mz;L eilngw;w gq;Fg;Nguitf; $l;lj;jpy; gq;Fj;je;ij

Kd; Nksk; ,irf;fg;gl;L giw mwptpf; f g; g l; l Nkhrb kd; d id ,d;Dk; mk;gyg;gLj;jhjJ Vd;? ä

,th; fhyj;jpy; rpWNrkpg;G tuT nryT KOikahf fpilahJ. 39


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jpUkjp. ypy;ypNkhp ngahpy; 2yl;rk; fld; rpWNrkpg;gpy; thq;fp ,Jtiu fl;ltpy;iy vd;W $Wfpwhh;. mg;Nghija nghUsh; ypy;ypNkhp mth; f Sf; F gjl; l k; > ,th; ; jhd; thq;fpaijAk; kwe;J> nfhLj;jijAk; kwe;Jtpl;lhh;. ä

,th; FLk;gj;jhplk; ,Jgw;wp njhptpf;fpwhh;. FLk;gj;jpdh; ,ijgw;wp jPtpu tprhuiz elj;jpajpy; ,th; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lijAk;> jpUg;gp jpU. u];fPd; gPww ; h; mth; f splk; nfhLj; j ijAk; mwpe; J mthplk; gzk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljw;fhd urPij Nfl;L thq;Ftjw;F ,th; tPl;L Kd;> Kd;dhs; nghUsh; ngUk; Nghuhl;lk; elj;jpAk;> mth; cq;fsplk; gzk; ngw;Wf; nfhz;ljw;fhd urpJ vd;dplk; ,Uf; f pwJ vd; W $wpa gpd; d h; j hd; tPL te;jhh;. Mdhy; ,Jtiu me;j gzk; rpWNrkpg;G fzf;fpy; te;jw;fhd ve;j MjhuKk; ,y;iy. gzKk; ,Jtiu nfhLf; f g; gltpy; i y. ,J gw; w p Mbl;lh; hpg;Nghh;l; ntspte;jhy; cz;ik ntsptUk;.

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jpU. u]; f pd; gP w ; w hpd; rpWNrkpg; G KiwNfL gw;wp Mbl;lh; hpg;Nghh;l;il Mbl; l h; gq; F g; N guit eph; t hfj; j plk; nfhLj; J ,uz; L Mz; L fs; MfpAk; ,Jtiu ntspapltpy;iy. me;j Mbl;lh; hpg;Nghh;l;il Nfl;lth;fSf;F nfhLf;fTk; ,y;iy. ,;g;nghOJ gy Nehl;B];fs; Chpd; Coy; gw;wp ntspapLfpwhh;fs;. Mdhy; jpU. u];fPd; gPw;wh; mth;fs;gw;wpahUk; tha;j;jpwf;fhky; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;.

ä

2009 Mk; Mz;L Gjpjhf gjtpNaw;wth;fs; ehq;fs; gjtpNaw;wTld; ,th; vt;tsT Coy; nra;Js;shh; vd;W tprhhpj;J mthplkpUe;J gzj;ij kPl;L Ch; fzf;fpy; nfhz;L tUNthk; vd;W miw$ty; tpLj;jhh;fs;. Mdhy; ele;jJ vd;d?

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FYf; f y; > rpWNrkpg; G Kjypatw; w py; gzk; fl;bath;fSf;F gzk; nfhLf; f hky; gzj; i j Vg; g k; tpl; l Kd; d hs; Jiz jiythplk; thq; f p nghJkf;fSf;F nfhLg;gij tpl;Ltpl;L> Muy;tha;nkhop - Nfhtpy; nrhj;ij tpw;>W nrhj;J tpw;w gzj;ij nfhLj;J mg;Nghija gpur;ridfSf;F Kw;Wg;Gs;sp itj;jhh;fs;.

ä

xU rpy khjq; f spy; mth; Coy; nra;Js;sjhf fz;Lg;gpbj;J. mth; tPl;L Kd; Nksk; mbj;J CUf;F vy;yhk; njhpag;gLj;jpdhh;fs;.

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fhyk; fle; j J. vd; d ele; j Njh njhpatpy;iy? ,ij gw;wp ,g;nghOJ ahUk; NgRtJk; ,y;iy. Chpy; tUk; Nehl;Brpy; gq;Fj;je;ij 3- Mz;LfSf;F Kd; &.10>000 nfhs;is mbj;Jtpl;lhh;> &.15>000 nfhs;is mbj;Jtpl;lhh; vd;W vOJfpwhh; f s; Mdhy; u]; f pd; gP w ; w h; fijia kiwj;Jtpl;lhh;fs;. vy;NyhUk; kwe;Jk; tpl;lhh;fs;.

E}w;whz;L tpoh kyh; P E}w;whz;L tpohit Kd;dpl;L tpohkyh; vd;w ngahpy; xUNghyp ed;nfhil t#y; eilngw;wNj? jpU S.A.[hh;[; mth;fs; me; j FOtpd; nghWg; i g Kd; N dw; W elj; j p E}w; w hz; L md; W tpohkyiu Mah; ntspapLtijg; Nghy; N[hlidfhl;b ehlfj;ijAk; muq;Nfw;wpdhh;fs;. tpohkyh; ntspapl gyhplk; fij> fl;Liu tpsk;guj;jpw;F vd;W gyhplk; gzj;ijAk; thq;fp> md;gpaq;fs;> eph;thfk; > midj;J gf;j rigfs;> ,af;fq;fs; vd;W FO Gifg; g lq; f isAk; vLf; f itj; J > mjw; f hd nrytpdq; f isAk; Nguit jiyapy; fl;b Vg;gkpl;lhh;fNs? ,J ve;j tifapy; epahak;? tpohkyh; E}w;whz;bd; Xh; epidTr; rpd;dk;. me;j epidTr;rpd;dj;jp;d; ngauhy; thq;fpa tpsk;gu gzj;ij jpUk;gpf; 40


HlWp-úU-_øu 2012

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nfhLf;fj;jahuh? ,e;j tpsk;gu Nkhrbia ahh; mk;gyg;gLj;JtJ? 2000 Mz;L [Pgpyp kyh; ntspahdJk; Nkw;gb egh; jiyikapy; jhd; md;Nw nrytpw;F Chpy; 20>000 &gha; ngw; W f; n fhz; L tpsk;gu tutpw;fhd gzj;ij ifahly; nra; j pl; l ,thpd; Kd; mDgtj; i j nray; jpwid ghuhl;b ,g;gzpiaAk; nfhLj;jjd; fhuzk; vd;d? ,jpy; Vg;gkpl;l gzq;fs; vt;tsT? ,jw;Fk; xU Nehl;B]; jahhpj;J ntspapl;bUf;fyhNk? tpoh kyh; Fj;jifj;jhuh; ahh;?

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P 2009 Mz; L Gjpa gq; F g; N guit Njh;jypy; Njh;jy; eLepiyahf elj;j Nt;zba gq;F je;ij> jhd; epidj;j mzpjhd; Ml;rpiag; gpbf;f Ntz;Lk; vd; W fq; f zk; fl; b Ak; ,d; n dhU mzp Ml; r pg; n ghWg; i g Vw; w Nj...? mjw;Fg; gopf;Fg; gop jhd; ,e;j kfhg;gq;FNguitf; fiyg;gh? mg; N ghJ vjpuzpapy; ,Ue; j th; f s; ,g; N ghJ gq; F je; i j mzpNahL ,ize;J tpthjk; nra;tjd; fhuzk; vd;d? ,e;j NghUf;F ahh; fjhehafd;?

P jdf;Fr; rhjfkhdth;fs; tuNtz;Lk; vd; w hy; md; g paq; f s; vjw; F ? kw; w rigfs; vjw; F ? rjhrh; t fhyKk; kf;fis gw;wp epidg;gth;fis Gwf; f zpj; J tpl; L > yhgKk; > gjtpAk; NjLk; RaeythjpfSf;F if FYf;FtJ epahakh? P vjw;nfLj;jhYk; gq;Fg;Nguit tpjpfisf;fhl;b kpul;LtJ@ gpwh;kPJ gop Rkj;JtJ@ jdf;F thdshtpa mjpfhuk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gjidf;fhl;b gq;Fg;Nguit eph;thfpfs;> cWg;gpdh;fs; kPJ Fw;wk;rhl;LtJ> gjtpfis gwpg;gJ ,itnay; y hk; Md; k P f je; i jf; F mofhdr; nrayh?

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P giftid md; G nra; t jpy; jhNd Mde; j k; . eP q ; f s; gifth; f ; s vd epidg;gth;fis xd;wpizj;J md;G nra;jpUe;jhy; ,t;tsT myq;Nfhyq;fs; ele; j pUf; F kh? jdJ fd; d j; j py; miwe; j tDf; F kd; d pg; G toq; f pa FUnja; t k; tho; e ; j tP l ; b y; jhNd ePq;fSk; tho;fpwPh;fs; 41


HlWp-úU-_øu 2012

¿úWôûP mth; t hahNyNa cq; f is ey; y th; vd;W Gfo;khiy #l;lr; nra;jPh;fs;. Jizj;jiytUk;> nghUsUk; xd;whf ,Ue; j NghJ ,th; f spd; xw; W ikia Fiyf;f vjpuzpapdUf;F MNyhrid toq; f pdP h ; f s; @ ,t; t sT gzq; f s; ifahly;> Coy; vd;fpwPhfs;. ve;j xU nrayhf ,Ue;jhYk;. gz ghpth;jidahf ,Ue;jhYk; gq;Fg;Nguit jPH;khdq;fshf ,Ue;jhYk; cq; f spd; xj; J iog; G ,y; y hky; > ifnahg; g kpy; y hky; ele; j pUf; f hNj? mg;Nghnjy;yhk; mikjpahf ,Ue; J tpl; L gpwh; k P J gop Rkj; J tJ jq;fspd; jpwikf;F mofhFkh? mUl;je;ijay;yth ePq;fs;?

P $z; b id fiyg; g J my; y ,uhzp NjdPf;F moF@ fiye;j NjdPf;fis xd; w hf itg; g Jk; > cile; j Njd; $l;il xd;wpizf;f itf;f Kay;tJk; jhNd ey;y ,uhzp NjdPf;F moF? P xd; w pize; j kf; f is@ Nrh; e ; j pUe; J Cupid Kd;Df;Ff; nfhz;LtuNtz;Lk; vd;W vz;zpa md;G kf;fis> ,af;fq;fshf ,Ue;J CiuNa Rw;wp Rw;wp te;j kf;fis@ gq;Fj;je;ijf;F kjpg;gspj;J@ vd;dnrd;dhYk; jiyahl;b te; j kf; f is> gy; N tW [hjpfs; ,Ue;jhYk; xd;wha; ,ize;J md;gpaq;fspy; cwthba kf;fis jq;fspd; [hjpa czh;TfSf;Fs; tiytPrp... kiwkhtl;l [hjpa rz;ilf;F - FUrb Ch;kf;fisAk; eph;thfj;ijAk; gad;gLj;JtJ ve;j tpjj;jpy; epahakhFk; > kiwkhtl; l Nkh> Mah; ,y;yNkh gphptpid czh;TfNshL thOk; NghJ kf;fis Fw;wk; rhl;LtJ ve;j tifapy; epahakhFk;?

P gukhh;j;jf; FU fijapy; tUk; Ie;J kf;F rPlh;fisg; NghyNt kf;fs; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W vz;ZtJ epahakhFkh? P gs;sp eydpy;> Qhdg; Nghjidfspy;> kiwf;fy;tp Gfl;Ltjpy;> mf;fiufhl;ba cq;fspd; ftdk; - Ch;kf;fspd; gpw gzpfspy; ,y;yhky; Nghdjd;fhuzk; vd;d?

P jq; f is kf; f Sf; F gpbf; f tpy; i y vd;why;@ jq;fshy; rhpahf Ml;rp elj;j Kbatpy;iynad;why;@ cq;fspd; nray; g hL kf; f Sf; F gpbf; f tpy; i y nad;why;> ngUk;ghd;ik gq; F g; N guitapdhpd; ifnaOj; i j thq;fp gq;Fg;Nguitiaf; fiyj;jJ Nghy;> ngUk;ghd;ik kf;fspd; mjpUg;jpiaf;fhl;b cq;fisAk; fiyf;f> Ciutpl; L fhypnra; a > kf; f Sf; F mjpfhuk; ,y; i yah? Fl; l Fl; l Fdptjhf epidf;Fk; ePq;fs;> kf;fs; epkph; e ; j hy; vd; d MtP h ; f s; . .. jd; i d ghJfhf;fNt> rkaj;jpw;Nfw;g xuzpia ifapy; itj;J nfhz;L gf;fh murpay; gz;ZtJ ve;j tifapy; epahakhFk;.

: jd; i dNa vy; N yhUk; Rw; w p Rw; w p tuNtz;Lk; vd;w nfsut vz;zkh? : ehd; nrhy;tijj; jhd; vy;NyhUk; Nfl; f Ntz; L k; vd; w rh; t hjpfhu jiyik czh;th? : FUrb Chpid xU topahf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w tf;fpu vz;zkh? ey;y vz;zkh? : ehNd uh[h> ehNd ke;jphp vd;w Ra ey vz;zkh? : vy;NyhUk; tha; %b nksdpfshf ,Uf; f Ntz; L k; . ahUk; vijANk vd;dplk; Nfl;ff; $lhJ vd;w xd;Nkd; Mh;kp - rpe;jidah?

P Jizj; j iyth; > nghUsh; > jiyth; ,e; j %th; k P J jhNd gaq; f ukhd Fw;wr;rhl;Lfs;? New;Wtiu Jizj;jiytiu vjph;j;jPh;fs;. ,d;W

: Mah; vd; nrhe;jf;fhuh; - kiwkhtl;lk vdJ nrhe; j f; $lhuk; . .. Mahpd; gzpahsh; f s; vy; y hk; vd; c ld; 42


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~~mf;fhy ngw;Nwhh;fsy;y ,f;fhy ngw;Nwhh;fs; nfhbgpbf;Fk; ngw;Nwhh;fs;!||

nr. Md;Nwh];> KJfiy jkpohrphpah; > ney; i y.

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||cyfj;jpNy kpfg; nghpa ngha; vd;d njhpAkh|| vd;W xU rpWtd; Nfl;lhd;. mjw;F xU Qhdp je;j gjpy; ,Jjhd;. ||ek; tho;tpy; xU epiyappy; ekf;F vd;d elf;fpwJ vd;w fl;Lg;ghl;il ,oe;jth;fshfpNwhk;> NkYk; ek; thp;T tpjpapd; fl;Lg;ghl;bw;Fs; te;JtpLfpwJ|| vd;W ek;GtJ jhd; cyfj;jpd; kpfg;nghpa ngha; . tpjp vd; W nrhy; y pf; nfhz; L kjpaw;wth;fsha; tho Muk;gpj;J tpLfpd;wdh;. khwhf xt;nthU kdpjUf;Fk; xU jdpg;gl;l miog;G cz;L. me;j jdpkdpj miog;G vd;d? mij mwpe;J nfhs;tNj ,iwahrPh;jhd;. mJ flTs; ,t;Tyfpy ehk; ,Uf;Fk;NghJ gazk; nra;tjw;fhf tFj;J je;j ghij. vij nrhy;Yk; Nghnjy;yhk; cw;rhfj;NjhLk; Mh;th;NjhLk; nra; J Kd; N dWfpNwhNkh mg; N ghnjy; y k; ,iwtd; ekf;F tFj;Js;s rhpahd ghijapy; elf;fpNwhk;. vg;gbapUe;jhYk; ekJ fdit rthyhf epidj;J re;jpf;f ek;kpy; mNefUf;Fj; Jzpr;ry; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. mJ Vd;? vz;zq;fisj; jilnra;fpd;w jilfw;fshf %d;W vz;zq;fis Kd;itf;fpNwhk;. ,tw;wpy; VjhtJ xd;W ,Ue;jhYk; khw;w KbAkh vd;W ghUq;fs;.

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,uz;lhtJ jil:~md;G| ehk; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lk; vd;W ekf;Fj; njhpAk;> Mdhy; ek;ikr; Rw;wp cs;sth;fisf; fhag;gLj;jp tpLNthNkh vd;W gae;J nfhz;L ekJ fdit edthf;f nra;a Ntz;ba vy;yhtw;iwAk; iftpl;L tLfpNwhk;. md;G vd;gJ ek;ik nray;glj;Jz;Lk; jpwk; vd;gjid ehd; czh;tjpy;iy. mJ Kd;NdWtijj; jil nra;tjpy;iy. cz;ikapNy ekf;F ed;ikNa tpisaNtz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;Gfpwth; vg;NghJk; ehk; kfpo;rr ; pahf ,Ug;gijNa tpUk;Gth;> ek; topg;gazj;jpNy ek;NkhL top elf;f jahuhf ,Ug;ghh;fs;. md;G vd;gJ ekf;Fj; J}z;Ljy; jUk; xd;Wjhd; vd;W cWjp nra;jgpd;dh; %d;whtJ jilia re;jpf;fpNwhk;. ekJ topapNy Njhy;tp gw; w pa gaj; i jr; re; j pf; f pd; N whk; . ekJ fdTf;fhfg; Nghuhbath; mjpfj;Jd;gk; milth;. Vnddpy; mJ epiwNtwhtpl; l hy; > ehd; cz; i kapiyNa mJ Ntz; L k; vd; W epidf;ftpy;iy> vd;W nrhy;yp gpd;thq;fTk; KbahJ. ehk; mij tpUk;GfpNwhk;> ekf;Fs;s

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ehd; vd; i dNa Nfl; L g; g hh; f ; f pNwd; > Njhy;tpfs; mtrpakh? ey;yJ mtrpakh ,y;iyah vd;gjy;y> mitfs; epfoj;jhd; nra;Ak;. ek; fdit eidthf;f ehk; Nghuhlj; njhlq;Fk; NghJ ekf;F mDgtk; ,Uf;fhJ mjdhy; gy jtWfs; nra;ayhk;. VO Kiwfs; tpOe;jhYk; vl;lhtJ Kiw vOg;gNtz;Lk; vd;gJjhd; tho; f ; i fapd; ufrpak; ,e; j ufrpaj; i j rpye;jpaplkpUe;J fw;Wf;nfhz;l uhgh;l; G&]; vd;gth; vl;lhtJ jilahf Nghh; njhLj;J ntw;wpia epiy ehl;bdhh;. MfNt ,g;NghJ xU Nfs;tp voyhk; kw;w vy;yh kdpjh;fis tpl mjpfk; Jd;g ; g;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;why; Vd; ekf;nfd;W jug;gl;l jdpg;gl;l miog;ig tho Ntz;baJ mtrpak; vd epidf;f Ntz;Lk;. Vndd;why;> Njhy;tpfis Nkw;nfhz;L tpl;lhy; fz;bg;ghf ehk; ntd;W fhl;l KbAk;. mg;NghJ Rtpl;rkhd epiyAk; jd;dk;gpf;ifAk; ek;ik epug;Gk;. ek; kdjpd; Moj;jpy; tho;tpy; Xh; mw;Gjk; elf;fr; nra;J ek;ik jFjpAs;sth;fshff; fhl;bAs;Nshk; vd;gJ ekf; F j; njhpAk; . Xt; n thU kzp NeuKk; ,j;ijifa Nghuhl;lj;jpd; xU gFjpahFk;. ehk; kpf Mh;tj;NjhLk; ,dpikNahLk; tho Muk;gpj;J tpLfpNwhk;. kpfg; nghpa vjph;ghuhj Jd;gq;fs; kpf tpiuthff; fle;J nrd;W tpLk;. khwhf rhjhuz jhq;ff; $ba Jd;gq;fs; gyhpd; tho;tpy; mth;fs; tho;tpNy epiyahd ,lj;ij gpbj;J tpLfpdw ; d. mjpYk; Kf;fpakhf ek;kpypUe;J mij gphpj; J tplhjgb frg; G j; j d; i k tha; e ; j jhf> er;Rj;jd;ik tha;ej ; jhf epiyj;J tpLfpd;wJ.

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ew;fUiz mjprak; ele;j Myaj;jpy;:

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ew; f Uiz mjprak; :

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jpBnud;W me;j mw;Gjk;> mjprak; ele;jJ. fp.gp. vl;lhk; E}w;whz;by; xU ehs; Gdpj Ngrpy; rig FUthdth; xUth; ,j;jhyp ehl; b Ys; s > md; W mndf; r hdk; (,d; W yhd;rpahNdh) vd;w ,lj;jpYs;s Myaj;jpy; jpUg; g yp epiwNtw; w pf; nfhz; b Ue; j hh; . jpUg;gypapd; eLg;gFjpahd trPfug;gFjpapy; 53


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,NaRtpd; clyhf> ,jaj;jirahf khwpa mg;gk; ekJ Myaq;fspy; ew;fUiz Muhjidapd; NghJ ];jhgy; nra;J itf;fg;gLk; nghpa X];jp msT cs;sJ. eLtpy; mg;gk; njhpe;jhYk;> mijr; Rw;wp ,e;j jirfhzg;gLfpwJ. ,uj;jkhf khwpa ,urk; rpW rpW Jz;Lfshf ,d;ndhU Ngioapy; itf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mit kQ;rl;fhtp epwj;jpy; cs;sd. mg;gkhf khwpa X];jp Ntiyg;ghLfs; mike;j nts;spg; Ngiof;Fs;Sk; ,uj;jkhfp ciwe;j Jz;Lfs; njhd;ik tha;e;j gbf;fw;fshyhd (Crystal) xU ghj;jpuj;Js; itf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,e;j Ngiofs; Neg;gps;yg; ehl;Lf; fiyQdhy; 1713k; Mz;L tbtikf;fg;gl;ld vd mwpe;J nfhz;Nlhk;.

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Mya tuyhW: ew;fUiz mjprak; ele;j NghJ Fdpj Ngrpy; rigf; FUthdth;fs; iftrk; ,Ue;j Myak;> mf;FUf;fspy; fl;Lg;ghl;by; 1176 tiu ,Ue; j J. 1176 Kjy; 1252 tiu Gdpj ngdbf;l; rigapdh; Myaj;ij eph;tfpj;J te;Js;sdh;. 1252-k; Mz;L Vg;uy; 20-k; ehs; jpUj;je;ijapd; Mizg;gb Nfhtpy; eph;thfg; ,sk; klf; FUf;fspd; nghWg;gpy; xg;gilf;fg;gl;lJ. jw;Nghija Myaj;ij 1258-k; Mz;L gpuhd;rp];fd; rigapdh; fl;bdh;. mjpra ew;fUizia Kjd; Kjyhf Myaj; j pd; eLg; g P l jjpd; Xh; Xuj; j py; itj;jpUe;jdh;. gpd;dh; mjw;nfd mikf;fg;gl;l

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Qhdg;ngw;Nwhh; Kf;fpakhf ntt;NtW FLk;gj;ij rhh;e;jtuhf ,Uj;jy; ey;yJ. Vnddpy; Foe;ij topahf xU Gjpa cwT mf;FLk;gj;jpw;F fpilf;fg;ngWfpwJ. Foe; i japd; FLk; g j; j pNy cs; s th; f s; Qhdg;ngw;Nwhuhf ,Uf;f Nehpl;lhy;; mf; F oe; i jf; F Kf; f pakhf Gjpa cwT fpilg;gjw;F tha;gN; g ,y;yhky; Ngha; tpLfpwJ. Qhdg;ngw;Nwhiu ‘, i z g ; g t h ; ; f s ’; > ‘Cf;Ftpg;gth;f ; s;’ vd;Wk; nrhy;yyhk;. vt;thW xU fztDk; kidtpAk; ,UNtW FLk;gj;jpypUe;J te;J ,ize;J FLk;g tho;T tho;fpwhh;fNsh mJNghy Qhdg;ngw;NwhUk; NtW xU FLk;gj;jpYs;s xU Foe;ijia Qhd topapy; elj;jp nry;tjw;fhf jpUr;rigapd; jpUg;gzpahsuhy; epakpf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;. vdNt ,th;fs; flTSf;Fk; jpUKOf;F ngw;wf; Foe;ijf;Fk; ,ilapy; mf;Foe;ij Qhdtopapy; tsh;tjw;F xU ,izg;ghsuhf> Cf;Ftpgg ; hsuhf nray;gLfpd;wdh;.

jp.r.874 – §1. Qhdg; n gw; N whh; g ; gzpia Nkw;nfhs;tjw;F xUth;: 1° jpUKOf;Fg; ngwNtz;bath; my;yJ mthpd; ngw;Nwhh; my;yJ mth;fspd; ,lj;jpy; ,Ug;gth;> my;yJ> mth;fs; ,y; y hjpUg; g pd; > gq; F f; F U my; y J gzpahsuhy; epakpf;fg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;; ,g;gzpf;Fj; jFjpAilatuhfTk; mij epiwNtw;Wk; vz;zk; nfhz;ltuhfTk; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;. 2°

kiwkhtl;l Mah; NtnwhU taij eph;zapj;jpUe;jhNyh my;yJ gq; F f; F UTf; N fh gzpahsUf; N fh epahakhd xU fhuzj;jpw;fhf tpjptpyf; F mspf; f Ntz; L nkd; W Njhd;wpdhNyh md;wp> gjpdhW taJ epuk;gpatuhf ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;.

fj;Njhypf;fuhfTk;> cWjpg;G+Rjy; ngw;W Vw;fdNt GdpjkpF ew;fUiz mUsilahsq;fisg; ngw;wtuhfTk;> tpRthrj;jpw;Fk; jhk; Nkw;nfhs;stpUf;Fk; gzpf;Fk; Vw;w tho;T elj;JgtuhfTk; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk;.

rl;lKiwg;gb tpjpf;fg;gl;l my;yJ mwpf;ifaplg;gl;l vt;tpjj; jpUr;rigj; jz;lidf;Fk; cl;gl;ltuhf ,Uf;ff; $lhJ.

jpUKOf;Fg; ngwNtz;bathpd; je; i jahfNth jhahfNth ,Uf; f f; $lhJ.

Qhdg;ngw;Nwhh; jq;fsJ Qhdf; Foe;ijfis jtwhJ thuj;jpw;F xU Kiw re;jpj;J mth;fis Qhd topapy; elj;Jtjw;F Kaw; r pf; f Ntz; L k; . mjw; F mth; f s; Kd;khjphpifahd tho;T tho Ntz;Lk;. Fwpg;ghf Qhdg;ngw;Nwhh; jtwhJ khjj;jpw;F xUKiw xg; G uT mUs; r hjdj; i j ngw; W jpdKk; jpUg;gypapy; gq;Fngw;W ew;fUiz cl;nfhs;gtuhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. jq;fsJ Qhdf; Foe;ijfs; QhapW kiwf;fy;tpf;F jtwhJ tUfpd;wduh vd;gij ftdKld; fz;fhzpf;f Ntz;Lk;. rpwg;ghf mth;fSf;fhf> mth;fs; ey;tho;tpw;fhf jpUg;gypapy; jpdKk; xg;Gf;nfhLj;J nrgpg;gth;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. jq;fsJ Qhdf; Foe;ijfSf;F jpUtptpypaj;ij thrpj;J jpahdpg;gjw;F fw;Wj;ju Ntz;Lk;. vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf ,th;fs; jq;fsJ Qhdf;Foe;ijia Qhdj;jpYk;> nja;tgaj;jpYk; tsh;ff ; Ntz;Lk;. Foe;ijapd; ngw;Nwhh; jq;fs; Foe;ijapd; eyd; fUjp Qhdg;ngw;NwhUf;F ,e;j Qhdf;fhhpaq;fisj; jilapy;yhky; nra;tjw;F KO xj;Jiog;G ey;f Ntz;Lk;. njhlUk;

jp.r.874 – §2. fj;Njhypf;fky;yhj xU jpUr;rigr; r%fj;jpy; jpUKOf;Fg; ngw;w xUtiu> xU fj;Njhypf;f Qhdg;ngw;NwhUld; Nrh;eJ ; kl;LNk> mJTk; xU rhl;rpahf kl;Lk;> mDkjpf;fg;glyhk;.

61


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re; j h; g ; g q; f shf Vw; W ey; t ho; f ; i fia njhluNtz;Lk;.

ehd; vd; i d cs; s gbNa Vw; W f; nfhs;shtpl;lhy; vdf;Fs; Vw;gLk; xt;thik czh;thy; ehd; gpwiu Vw;Wf; nfhs;skhl;Nld;. vd;idNa ehd; Vw;Wf; nfhs;shj NghJjhd; nghwhik vd;w czh;T Vw;gLk;. cd;id eP Vw;Wf; nfhs;s cd; kPJ md;G nrYj;jpahf Ntz;Lk;. ,J flTspd; ,uf;fj;jhy; eP cd;idNa nltyg; gz;ZtJ. eP cd;idNa myrp Muha;eJ ; cdf;F ,iwtd; je;j md;ig Vw;Wf; nfhs;tJ. ,iwtdpd; ,uf;fj;jhy; cdf;Ff; fpilj;j KOikia Vw;Wf; nfhz;L md;G nra;tJ. mJ eP epidj;jhy; jhd; nra;a KbAk;. cd;id eP md;G nra;jhy; eP cd;id KOikahf Vw;Wf; nfhs;tha;. cdf;F eP kjpg;G nfhLg;gha;. ehk; msg;ghpa rf;jp kpFe;j kdpjh;fs; vd;gij cd;dhy; czuKbAk;. me;j md;G vd;w rf;jpahy; gpwUf;F ehk; kfpo; r ; r p cz; l hf; f KbAk; > ntw; w p ngw cjtKbAk;> NtjidfisAk;> Jd;gq;fisAk; nfhLf;fNt KbahJ. vd;Nd! ,e;j md;G vd;w rf;jpapd; Mw;wy;. cd; ifapy; nfhLf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; ,e;j md;G vd;w rf;jpapd; Mw;wiy ehk; vg;gbAk; epiwNtw;wyhk;. vg;gb? gpwUf;F cjTtjd; %yk;;> md;G vd;w rf;jp ,y;yhj NghJ gpwiuf; nfLj;J mth;fs; tho;it rpd;dh gpd;dkhf;fTk; KbAk;. Mdhy; xd;iw kl;Lk; Qhgfj;jpy; itj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ,e;j md;G vd;w khngUk; rf;jp> cdf;F ,iwtdhy; nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. ,ij eP nghWg;Gzh;rr ; pNahL Vw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; kl;Lkd;wp ,J kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;F fpilj; j pUf; F k; xU mw; G jkhd tha; g ; G vd;gij eP czh;e;J nray;gl Ntz;Lk;.

vd; Md;kf; Fuiy Nfl;Fk; rf;jpia czuTk;> ehd; NgRtJ vd;dntd;W vdf;Fj; njspthfTk;> vdf;Fj; njspthdijNa ehd; NgrTk;> eP cjt Ntz;Lk;. vy;yhtw;wpYk; ey;yitfisNa ehd; fhzTk;> rpy Neuq;fspy; ehd; nray;gl;l Kiwfis epidj;J vd;idg;ghh;j;Nj ehNd rphpf;fTk>. eP vdf;F cjtNtz;Lk;. vd;dplKs;s jpwikfis ehd; fz;L nfhs;sTk;> vdf;F mUsg;gl;l jdpj;jd;ikia kjpj;J> khpahijf; nfhLf; f Tk; KOikahf vd; i d Vw; W f; nfhz;L> ckf;F cfe;j xg;gpy;yh nghf; f p\khf> ckJ ghpRj; j fz; f spy; njhpAk;gbahf ehd; jpfoTk;> vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf ehd; kd mikjpNahL thoTk;> Ntz;ba tuj;ij eP ju Ntz;Lk; ,iwth! vd;W ehk; jpdk;NjhWk; n[gpf;f fw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

,iwth! vd; jtWfis ehd; Vw;Wf; nfhs;Sk; ijhpak; Ntz; L k; . jtWfspUe; J ehd; gbg; g pidfs; fw; W f; nfhs; s Ntz; L k; . mitfis vd; tho;f;ifia khw;w fpilj;j 62

vd;kPJ ehd; itj;jpUf;Fk; md;G vd;gJ> ehd; md;G vd;w ,iw rf;jpapy; jpdk; NjhWk;> nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf tsh;e;J nfhz;L> filrpahf xU kpfTk; rf;jpAila xU ,iw gilg;ghf ntspg;gLfpNwd;> vd;w xU tho; f ; i fapd; mh; j ; j j; j pw; F > ek; i k nfhz;L nry;Yk; Mw;wy; kpf;fJ. mh;jj ; Ks;s tho;f;if tho> ekJ czh;TfSf;F kjpg;G nfhLj;J mitfis ifahs fw;Wf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. ekf;F Vw;gLk; czh;Tfs; vd;gJ> kpfTk; Kf; f pakhd kpfTk; mhpjhd tho;f;if rpf;dy;fs;. Neh;kiwahd vz;zq;fshd Nfhgk;> gak; Nghd;wit $l ekf;F tho;f;ifapy; ,dp Vw;glf; $ba jlq;fy;fis tpopg;Gzu> nra;Ak; MAjq;fs; jhd;.


HlWp-úU-_øu 2012

¿úWôûP Ntjidfs;> tpghPjq;fs;> Njhy;tpfs; epfOk; NghJ ehk; kw;wth;fspd; ftdj;ijAk;> ghh;itiaAk;> md;igAk; ngw rpy eilKiwfs; ifahStJz; L . nuhk; g Nehahsp NghNy> rf;jpaw;W ,Ug;gJNghNy> cjtpfs; VJkpd;wp ghpjtpg;gJ NghNy fhl;bf; nfhs;tJz;L. ehNk ek; tho;tpy; vg;gbnay;yhk; ek;ikawpahkNy kw;wth;fspd; md;igAk;> ftdj;ijAk; <h;f;f vd;ndd;d topfis ifahz;bUf;fpNwhk; vd;W vz;zpg; ghh;ff ; yhk; ,g;gbg;gl;l limitations ek; tho;tpy;> tho;f;ifNahL tho;f;ifahf xd;wpf;Fk; NghJ mitfis Ghpe;J nfhz;L> Vw;Wf; nfhz;L> ce; J rf; j pNahL tho; f ; i fapy; Kd; N dw Ntz;Lk;. jtWtJ kdpj ,ay;G jhd; vd;gij czh;e;J ek;ik ehk; kd;dpj;J tho gofpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.

ekf;F ek; ,yf;if rpy Neuq;fspy; mila Kbahtpl; l hNyh my; y J rpy tp\aq; f s; jtwhf ele; J tpl; l hNyh kdpjh;fspy; 99 rjtPjk; Ngh; vd;d nra;fpNwhk; vd;why; Kd;dhy; epfo;e;j epfo;TfisNah> ngw;NwhiuNah> gpwiuNah my;yJ vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; Nkyhf flTisNah jhd; fhuzk; nrhy;fpNwhk; Blame gz;ZfpNwhk;. ehk; kl;Lky;y ek;ik Rw;wpapUf;Fk; ez;gh;fs;> kw;Wk; FLk;g cWg;gpdh;fSk; ek;kPJ mf;fiu nfhz;l midtUNk ekf;F ,e;j fhuzq;fis fhl;b jhd; ek;ik MWjy; gLj;Jfpwhh;fs;. Mdhy; ,jw; F Kd; d hy; epfo; e ; j Nkhrkhd epfo;Tfis ehk; rkhspj;j tpjk;> ek; i k ehNk kd; d pj; J nray; g l; l tpjk; Mfpait ekf;F ghlq;fshfp ek;ik khw;wp tho;f;ifapy; Kd;Ndw itf;Fk; ntw;wpg;gbfshf khw;w ty;yit. ,e;jg; ghlq;fis Vw;Wf; nfhz;lhy; ehk; Kd;ig tpl mjpNtfj;NjhL> ,e;j ce;J rf;jpiag; ngw;W> ehk; tpUk;Gk; kfpo;r;rpiaAk; ntw;wp thiffisAk; #l KbAk;.

,dp tUq; f hyj; j py; eP nra; A k; Fw;wq;fis cd;id KOikahf kd;dpj;J tpLk; jd;ik tha;e;jtdhf khwpa cd;id kdf;fz;Kd; nfhz;L te;J ghh;. cd;id kd;dpj;Jtpl;lhy; eP gpwiu> gpwh; nra;Ak; rpwpa> nghpa jtWfis eP nghpJ gLj;j khl;lha;. mij gyNghplk; Ngha; nrhy;yp cd;id jtW nra;ahj ,iwtdhf Gdpjuhf kw;wth;fs; epidf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;w epidg;G cd;dplkpUe;J Ngha;tpLk;. gpwh; ek;iktpl ey;ygy ntw;wpfs; ngw;Wtpl;lhy;> mth;fs; jtW nra;ahjNghJ mth;fs; Nky; nghwhikg; g l; L ,y; y hjit nghy; y hjit nay;yhk; nrhy;yp gpwhpd; ngaiu nfLf;fTk; khl;lha;.

,dp> tUq; f hyj; j py; eP cd; i d KOikahf md;G nra;Ak; eguhfTk;> cd; rf;jpia KOikahf Vw;W> cd;id rf;jp gilj; j > cd; rf; j pia cd; gpbf; F s; itj;jpUf;Fk; eguhf vz;zp> cd;id cd; kdf;fz; nfhz;L te;Jghh;! mg;NghJ eP vd;d nty;yhk; nra;tha; vd;W ghh;! fz;bg;ghf eP xU positive personality Mf khwptpLtha;. cd; d hy; xU epkplk; $l Rk; k hapUf; f KbahJ! VjhtJ Mf;fg; g+h;tkhd nray;fis nra;J nfhz;NlapUg;gha;. cd;id ahuhYk; jLj; J epWj; j KbahJ. tho; f ; i ff; F Njitahd> NghJkhd rpwpa nghpa ,yf;FfNshL eP RWRWg;ghf nray;gl;Lf; nfhz; b Uf; F k; xU NjdP Nghy; tho; e ; J nfhz;bUg;gha;. jtWfs;> ,ila+Wfs; vJ te;jhYk; mij Ghpe;J nfhz;L Kd;Ndwp nry;tjpNy cd; ftdk; ,Uf;Fk;.

,iwtd; fw;Wj; je;j n[gk; ,JjhNd ,JjhNd!

63

vq; f Sf; F jP i k nra; j th; f is> f\;lg;gLj;Jfpwth;fis ehq;fs; kd;dpg;gJ Nghy vq; f s; ghtq; f is kd; d pj; j USk; ,iwth! vq;fis Nrhjidapy; tpo tplhNjAk;. Mk;! ehk; kw;wth;fis f\; l g; g Lj; j pdhy; > kw; w th; f is gopj; J NgRtij epWj;jhtpl;lhy; ek; Md;khTf;F mikjp Vw;glhJ. kd;dpf;fg;gl topapy;iy vd;whNy ehk; mikjpaha; thokhl;Nlhk;;. gpwiuAk; mikjpahf tho tpl khlN;lhk;;.


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mjw;Fs; rpWtd; $wpaij MNkhjpj;Jg; nghJ kf;fSk; xUkpj;jf; Fuypy; NghyP]hiu Nehf;fp > ~~Nkilia tpl;Lf; fPNo ,wq;F ehlfk; KbAk; tiuapy; fhj;jpUe;J ebfiu ifJ nra;J nfhs;|| vd;W $tpdh;.

xU ehlff; nfhl;lifapy; ehlfk; ele; J nfhz; b Ue; j J. kf; f s; ehlff; fhl; r pfspy; kdij ghpnfhLj; J urpj; J nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. mg;NghJ > ehlfNkilapy; ahUNk vjph;ghuhj tifapy; xU fhl;rp. mjpy; ehlfj;jpw;Fr; rk;ke;jNk ,y;yhj ghj;jpuq;fs; ehlfNkilapy; Njhd;wpd. mij njhlh;e;J ehlfNkilapYk; > kf;fsplKk; fyfyg;G vOe;jJ. tp\ak; ,Jjhd; - ehlfj; j py; Kf;fpag; ghj;jpuk; Vw;;W ebj;Jf;nfhz;bUe;j ebfh;fspy; xUth; vthplNkh gzk; fld; thq;fp ,Ue;jhh;. mjd; fhuzkhf > me;j ebfiuf; ifJ nra;Ak; nghUl;L Mq;fpNya NghyPrhh; ifapy; thuz;Lld; ehlfNkilf;F nrd;Wtpl;ldh;.

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mg;NghJ xUrpWtdpd; Fuy; NghyP];fhuiu Nehf;fp ,bNghd;W mq;Nf Koq;fpaJ: ~~Nkiliatpl;L ntspNa Ngh! ebfiu ifJ nra;Ak; cd; Ntiyia ehlfk; Kbe;jg; gpd;dh; itj;Jf; nfhs;. ehlfj;jpd; ,ilapy; GFe;J kf;fis njhe;juT gLj;jhNj!||

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nr.Md;Nwh];> KJfiy jkpohrphpah; > ney; i y. 64



Neerodai May to june 2012