THE BRYOZOA OF SUFFOLK
Ptygura crystallina, E h r — I n various places to south of Yarmouth 1900-34. Sinantherina socialis, Linn.—In River Waveney at Beccles in 1900-1 (Hurrell). Lacinularia flosculosa, Müll.—Same river, at St. Olaves in Herringfleet. FAMILY COLLOTHECIDJE. Collotheca corntita, Dob.—Southtown ditches (Hurrell) ; great numbers on Myriophylhim spicatum at Cobholm in 1934. C. ornata, Ehr.—With the last kind, on the Myriophvllum in March 1932. " Stephanocerus fimbriatus, Goldf.—In Wavenev at Beccles in 1900, and Carlton Colville (Hurrell). FAMILY ATROCIIID/E. Atrochus tentaculatus, Wierz.—In a pond at Yaxley CH. Goodwin). Rotaria
FAMILY PHILODINID/E. Pall.—Found at Cobholm in 1934 (Hurrell).
THE BRYOZOA OF SUFFOLK. PREI.IMINARY
THE Bryozoa, formerly called Polyzoa, are now considered to constitute a phylum of paramount rank and of dignity equal to the Vertebrata, Standing popularly between the Shell-fish and Seaurchins, Echinodermata. But few of the Freshwater kinds of this group remain to be found here, though a very great number of the Marine ones, of which no less than a hundred and twentyfive species are known to occur at Plymouth, still await discovery in shrimpers' refuse, at the tide-line, and about the artificial bulwarks of our coast towns. T h e present short list of available local kinds was compiled (along with that of the Rotifera, supra) with the object of calling attention of our younger Members to the group and so, it is hoped, of giving a fillip to their study bv our Society. A s f a r a s Freshwater ones are concerned, Hartmeyer's 1909 Bryozoen in ' Die Susswasserfauna Deutschlands' has been followed ; and in most others, to which additions should easily be made, Hincks' 1880 ' British Marine Polyzoa' is adopted. T H E FRESHWATER
Plumatella repens, Linn.—In Fritton Lake and a pond at Carlton Colville (Hurrell). Fredericella Suitana, Blbch.—Lound Run (Hurrell).
T H E BRYOZOA OF
Lophopus crvstallinus, Pall.—In ponds at Burgh Castle in 1910 (Hurrell); great quantities near Ipswich (Gooding) ; statoblasts in Fritton Lake on 30 March 1933 (Ellis). Cristatella mucedo, Cuv—Appears annually in the Wavenev at Beccles (Hurrell 1909). Paludicella Ehrenbergi, Bened.—Lound Run (Hurrell). THE
FAMILY MEMBRANIPORIDJE. Membranipora monostachys, Busk, var. foss/ria, Hincks.— ' Forming friable Sponge-like masses on the stems of plants in ditches of brackish water a mile from the sea near Y a r m o u t h ' (Wigham); encnisting weeds in strongly brackish ditches at Cobholm on 4 November 1906 (Hurrell) ; brackish dykes from Yarmouth to Burgh Castle in 1928.' At Lake Lothing in 1933 ; on reed-stems and debris in the Blyth estuarv in 1929 (Fllis). In the River Ore (Norman in Vict. Hist.); salt-marshes at Aldeburgh (Harmer, T r Norf. Nat. Soc. viii, 498 & ix, 204). 'Also marine, cn Mussel-shells at Yarmouth (Harmer). THE
M. pilosa, Linn.—Harwich (Hope) : common everywhere on Fncus, &c. M. Lacroixi, Aud.—Frequent on dead shells, &c. in the Orwell and elsewhere (Norman). FAMILY CELLULAR1DJE. Scrupocellaria reptans, Linn. ^ Both found off Harwich by Metiipea ternata, Ell.-Sol. J G. P. Hope. Anguinella palmata, B e n e d — I n the rivers Deben (Norman) and Orwell (Harmer). Gemellaria loricata, Linn. Notamia bursaria, Linn. J
, c found
FAMILY BICELLARIID/E. Bicellaria eiliata, Linn.—In the River Orwell (H. C. Sorby). Bugula plumosa, Pall.—Harwich ( H o p e ) ; off Lowestoft in 1872 (Metzger, Jahresb. Untersuch. Deut. Meeres in Kiel, 1875). Fhistra foliacea, (Morley). F
FAMILY FLUSTRIDM Linn.—Abundant along the whole of our coast Ell.-Sol.—Harwich
FAMILY Membraniporella Melolontha, Orwell (Harmer).
CRlRRILINID/E. Busk.—Dredged from the
RECENT BIRDS ROUND LOWESTOFT.
Alcvonidium gelatinosum, Linn.—Dead-men's -fingers are common ' at low-water mark : Bawdsey (Morley, teste Brit. Mus.);. Southwold (Collings 1937) ; frequent throughout (Ellis). FAMILY
Flustrella hispida, Fab.—On Chondrus crispus and other seaweeds at Gorleston (Ellis) ; common everywhere on Fucus, See. FAMILY Vesicularia spinosa, Linn. "} Amathia lendigera, Linn. J
off H a r
F A M I L Y TR ITICELLID/E. Triticella pedocellata, Alder.—On the Gorleston (Ellis & Hurrell). Valkeria
FAMILY PEDICEL,LIN1DJE. Pedicellina cernua, Pall.—On Tubidaria indivisa at the Gorleston. breakwater (Ellis).
B Y FREDERICK C .
1936 OCTOBER.—Following the sharp frost of the night of 2nd3rd, came the first Redwings, of which two were seen to arrive from the east and others were heard calling overhead at night. An injured Richardson's Skua was found on the beach on 3rd, and for two or three weeks it survived in my garden, being fed on sliced herrings. A Bernicle Goose, which turned up at the children's playground on the denes and stayed there for three or four days, was so absurdly tarne that we considered it as an escape. On 1 Ith Rook s and Jackdaws were first noted arriving from the east. T h e first Shore Lark was seen upon Corton beach ; two more were at Corton on 18th, and five on Lowestoft denes the following day. On 20th there was a strong westerly wind and a great immigration of Starlings was n o t e d ; the following day fewer Starlings, but many flocks of Skylarks were Coming in.