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SOME RECENT SUFFOLK PLANT

RECORDS

c o m p i l e d b y E . M . H Y D E , M . A . H Y D E a n d F . W . SIMPSON

For each record the following information is given: locality and habitat, Ordnance Survey 10 km. Square, vice-county, finder's initials (see key at end of article) and date of record. The comments are those of the Compilers, based in some cases on information supplied by the Anders. The nomenclature and order of the species are those of Flora Europaea. The Compilers wish to thank the specialists who determined, or confirmed the identity of, specimens. Adiantum capillus-veneris L., Maidenhair Fern. First record for each vice-county. (i) Nayland, United Reformed Church, a well-established colony, TL93, v.c.26, JCW, July 1980. Comm. EM-R. (ii) Ipswich, TM14, v.c.25, two sites near the town centre, the first found bv FWS, and the second by M A H , both in 1977. As a native species this fern is found mainly in the South-west of Britain and in Western Ireland. It is, however, able to establish itself elsewhere as an escape on sheltered walls. Ceterach officinarum DC., Rusty-back Fern. Oulton Broad, on wall of brick shed, TM59, v.c.25, RSB, September 1977. Conf. PGL. PGL states that by March 1981 the colony had increased to 20 plants. He adds that the plant was recorded for Mendham in Hind (1889), and that he himself last saw it on 24/4/69. It was later destroyed during restoration work. Pilularia globulifera L., Pillwort. Dr. E. A. Ellis reports in a letter to FWS dated 12/10/80, "I found an extensive colony of Pilularia still flourishing along the shore of one of the Hopton Ponds (v.c.25), which are part of the Lound Waterworks, at the end of September. I had seen it previously alongside one of the other ponds, but it has gone from that site. It is comforting to know that this rare East Anglian plant has survived in the parish where it was first discovered in 1805! I wish we could say the same for other sensitive species." Azolla filiculoides Lam., Water Fern. Southwold, in dyke, solid growth for about 100 metres, TM47, v.c.25, PGL, 1980. In Suffolk this fern appearssporadically in dykes and ponds in the eastern half of the county. At this site in May 1980 the plants had turned dark red over the whole dyke, possibly as a result of late frosts. Salix nigricans Sm., Dark-leaved Willow. First recorded in Suffolk by EJC at Red Lodge, Freckenham, TL67, v.c.26, 23/5/66. (A specimen was determined by R. D. Meikle in April 1967.) Re-discovered by D R D , 13/9/80, in mixed willow scrub round a shallow pond. Trans. Suffolk

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Ficus carica L., Fig. Nice specimen with several large green fruits, bank of the old R. Gipping, near West End Road, Ipswich, TM14, v.c.25, FWS, 19/7/80. Rumex patientia L. Ipswich, on waste ground beside the R. Gipping, TM14, v.c.25, EMH, 25/5/80. Conf. EJC, 7/80. Hb. E&MH. About 10 large specimens of this striking species were found. Most of the flowering stems were at Ieast 1.5 metres tall. First Suffolk record. Moenchiaerecta (L.) P. Gaertner, B. Meyer&Scherb., UprightChickweed. (i) Walberswick, roadside verge, TM47, v.c.25, PGL, 1980. (ii) Beccles, damp depression on the Common, TM49, v.c.25, PGL, 1980. This tiny annual is rare in Suffolk and also overlooked because it flowers early in the year. Silene conica L., Sand Catchfly. (i) Felixstowe, a fair number of plants in two sites among beach-huts on the front nearTacon Rd., TM23, v.c.25, EMH, June 1980. Hb. E&MH. (ii) Thorpeness, sandy area by roadside, TM45, v.c.25, PGL, 2/6/74, 13/6/76 and later. O n e of a number of species (e.g. Medicago minima) with a disjunct distribution in Suffolk, occurring in the sandy coastal strip and in the BreckIand. In both areas this species is rare. Aconitum napellus L. sensu lato, Monkshood. Hadleigh, a fine colony of tall plants at the foot of the embankment of the disused railway line, TM04, v.c.26, JH, 12/5/80. Hb. E&MH. First seen, 1977. Anemone ranunculoides L., Yellow Wood Anemone. Pakenham, wooded area, probably introduced, TL96, v.c.26, PFS and O O D S , 29/3/80. Ranunculus lingua L., Greater Spearwort. (i) In a pond at Parham, TM36, v.c.25, EM-R, 21/5/80. (ii) Carlton Colville (Sprat's Water Nature Reserve), TM49, v.c.25, PGL, 22/6/78. Still there, 1980. Near edge of open water, where the competition is not so intense. Thalictrum minus L., Lesser Meadow-rue. Dalham, small colony with other chalk flora, TL76, v.c.26, FWS, 6/7/80. Berberis darwinii Hook. Brandon, TL78, v.c.26, EMH, 18/2/80. Conf. EJC, 2/80. Hb. E&MH. Naturalised in light woodland alongside the B1106, with Hypericum calycinum L., Rose of Sharon. Berberis x stenophylla Lindl. Mariesford, A12 roadside, TM35, v.c.25, M A H , 1/3/80. Originally planted (FWS), but now well-established along 30 metres of the Trans. Suffolk

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235

roadside bank, suckering freely and forming a dense thicket. The bushes were a mass of orange-yellow flowers in April. Papaver lecoqii Lamotte, Babington's Poppy. Hitcham, one specimen on a heap of brick rubble, TL95, v.c.26, ALB, 17/7/80. Papaver atlanticum (Ball) Cosson Four new sites for an increasing species of garden origin. (i) Ten plants near the Chalk Hill Quarry. Barton Mills. TL77. v.c.26. FWS. 29/5/80. (ii) Capel St. Mary, roadside bank, TM03, v.c.25, FWS, 7/2/81. (iii) Roadside verge, Westleton, TM46, v.c.25, PGL, 19/8/78. Still there, FWS, 24/8/80. (iv) Four plants, very closely cropped by rabbits, in a dry open sandy ride, Dunwich Forest. TM47, v.c.25, FWS, 8/8/80. Sisymbrium volgense Bieb. ex E. Fourn. Hadleigh, several extensive patches on the disused railway line, TM04, v.c.26, 12/5/80. Seen by MAH et al. on a joint meeting of the Bury St. Edmunds, Stowmarket and Hadleigh Natural History Societies. Conf. EJC, 5/80. Hb. E&MH. First Suffolk record. This plant is a yellow Brassica-like crucifer with glaucous leaves. It is distinguishable from the majority of common yellow crucifers in Britain in being a glabrous perennial which forms large patches. Noted, but not recognised, by other local naturalists in the past. For a fĂźll description of this species and its status in Britain, see E. J. Clement (1979). Cochlearia danica L., Early Scurvy-grass. Barton Mills, TL77, v.c.26, EMH, 27/4/80. Hb. E&MH. Normally seen on the coast, this plant was found, surprisingly enough, on the verge of the dual carriageway of the A l l at Chalk Hill for about 350 metres. Probably introduced with rock salt. Potentilla recta L., Sulphur Cinquefoil. Bentley, one plant in a pasture, TM13, v.c.25, CJH, 1979. An alien, uncommon in Suffolk and always in small quantity. Spartium junceum L., Spanish Broom. Brantham, originally planted alongside the perimeter fence of Bexford Ltd. and now seeding itself, TM13, v.c.25, MAH, 8/9/79 and 1980. Astragalus hamosus L. Ipswich, on a recently cleared area of waste ground alongside the R. Gipping, TM 14, v.c.25, FEC, 23/11/80. Conf. EJC, 11/80. Many plants, some flowering, but none fruiting. This species is an annual which grows in the Mediterranean region. It has insignificant, pale yellow peaflowers and is unusual in having medifixed hairs. First Suffolk record. Lathyrus aphaca L., Yellow Vetchling. Earl Stonham, on roadside verge, TM15, v.c.25, EM-R, 11/7/80. First

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post-1930 record, as a native species, for v.c.25. EM-R commented that the native has bright yellow petals, while the bird-seed form has sulphur petals. Trifolium incarnatum L. ssp. incarnatum, Crimson Clover. (i) Bentley, on Tattingstone By-pass, two plants, probably introduced with rye-grass, TM 13, v.c.25, E M H & MAH, 1975-8. Hb. E&MH. (ii) Ipswich, a Single plant on waste ground, TM14, v.c.25, MAH, 24/11/80. A striking species with its large, brilliant crimson flower-heads. Trifolium medium L., Zigzag Clover. (i) Hadleigh, a very small colony on roadside verge between Pond Hall, Hadleigh and Raydon, TM04, v.c.26, FWS, 29/6/80. (ii) Ilketshall St. Margaret, roadside verge, TM38, v.c.25, PGL, 16/6/77. (iii) Mettingham, roadside bank, a nice colony, TM39, v.c.25, FWS, 24/6/ 80. (iv) Knodishall, verges on both sides of a road, TM46, v.c.25, FWS, 7/6/80. This site is the finest colony known in the county. (v) Sotterley, roadside verge, TM48, v.c.25, PGL, 26/6/74. Still there, 1980. A rather uncommon species in the county. Geranium sanguineum L., Bloody Cranesbill. (i) Blaxhall, one plant, grassy area, edge of small quarry, TM35, v.c.25, FWS, 30/7/80. (ii) Mettingham, two plants on chalky clay bank, TM39, v.c.25, FWS, 2/7/ 80. Vitis vinifera L., Grape Vine. Ipswich, waste ground beside Bramford Road, large spreading specimen in hedge, TM 14, v.c.25, FWS, 7/7/80. Scandix pecten-veneris L., Shepherd's Needle. (i) Creeting St. Peter, edge of arable field, TM05, v.c.25, OODS, May 1978. Still there, 1980. (ii) Stowupland, in two arable fields, TM06, v.c.25, OODS, 1974-8. Now a very rare arable weed. Coriandrum sativum L., Coriander. (i) Ipswich Docks, four plants by a wall, TM14, v.c.25, FWS, 8/6/80. (ii) Beccles, several plants on rubbish tip, TM49, v.c.25, PGL, 14/7/77. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A. W. Hill, Parsley. (i) Trimley St. Martin, Trimley St. Mary and Felixstowe, many plants on verge of A45, TM23 and 33, v.c.25, EMH, 20/6/80. Hb. E&MH. (ii) Southwold Cliffs, TM57, v.c.25, MAH, 1974. Still there, PGL, 1980. Lysimachia vulgaris L., Yellow Loosestrife. (i) Blaxhall, ditch in water meadows, TM35, v.c.25, IMV, 6/8/80. (ii) Oulton, marshes, TM59, v.c.25, PGL, 28/6/76. Very much Iess common than formerly in E. Suffolk. Trans. Suffolk

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Blackstonia perfoliata (L.) H u d s . , Yellow-wort. (i) Hadleigh, disused railway line, both sides of the track, TM04, v.c.26, D C S , 1980. (ii) T h e b e r t o n , disused airfield, TM46, v.c.25, IMV, July 1979. Anchusa officinalis L. Ipswich, waste ground near Bramford R d . , TM 14, v.c.25. J R P , 1/6/80. C o n f . E J C , 1980. H b . E & M H . O n e of a number of garden plants naturalised on this waste g r o u n d . Asperugo procumbens L., Madwort. S u d b o u r n e , a tangled group of four plants at the edge of a sugar-beet field, T M 4 5 , v.c.25, M A H , 8/6/80. Hb. E & M H . T h e only recent Suffolk record of this semi-prostrate annual with minute blue flowers. Now a rare casual in Britain. Nepeta cataria L . , Wild Catmint. (i) Worlington, about 10 plants in pit, TL77, v.c.26, E M H , 13/8/80. (ii) B r a n d o n , several good specimens on grassy verge of lane, TL78, v.c.26, F W S , 27/8/80. Solanum x procurrens Leslie ( = S. nigrum L. x S. nitidibaccatum Bitter) Eriswell, 3 plants in a market garden, TL77, v.c.26, A C L , 26/10/80. Both p a r e n t s were present in abundance. This is the first Suffolk record. Specimens will be deposited in CGE. Mimulusguttatus D C . , Monkey Flower. Blaxhall, fen ditch in water meadows, TM35, v.c.25, IMV, 6/8/80. A species rarely recorded in Suffolk. Verbascum phlomoides L., Woolly Mullein. (i) Ipswich and Sproughton, T M 14, v.c.25, FWS, 1980. About 200 plants on railway e m b a n k m e n t and on nearby industrial estate. (ii) B r a m f o r d , chalk-pit, weed on soil heap on infilled ground, T M 14, v.c.25, E M - R , 12/7/80. (iii) Blaxhall, 4 plants outside allotment, presumably of garden origin, T M 3 5 , v.c.25, F W S , 30/7/80. (iv) Walberswick, garden outcast, TM57, v.c.25, P O L , 1980. Det. E J C , 1980. Verbascum x wirtgenii Franch. ( = V. nigrum L. x V. pulverulentum B a r r o w , o n e plant, TL76, v.c.26, FWS, 13/7/80.

Vill.)

Veronica scutellata L . , Marsh Speedwell. B u n g a y , T M 3 9 . v.c.25. FWS. 1980. A decreasing species in Suffolk. Orobanche elatior Sutton, Tall Broomrape. D a l h a m , two specimens on Centaurea scabiosa L. Same site as minus L . , T L 7 6 , v.c.26, F W S , 6/7/80.

Trans. Suffolk

Thalictrum

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Valerianella dentata (L.) Pollich, Smooth-fruited Cornsalad. Dalham, a few plants of this now rare cornfield weed, TL76, v.c.26, FWS, 6/7/80. Conf. EJC, 7/80. Inula helenium L., Elecampane. Stanstead, several large plants away from houses, TL85, v.c.26, KTB, 15/5/80. Conf. EM-R, 8/80. First localised post-1930 record for v.c.26. Rudbeckia laciniata L., Cone-flower. Mildenhall, on waste ground, TL77, v.c.26, FWS, 31/8/80. Det. MAH, 9/80. FWS also found in Mildenhall on the same day the double-flowered variety, "Golden Glow", on the edge of a ditch by a poplar plantation. Iva xanthifolia Nutt., Prairie Ragweed. Ipswich, waste ground alongside R. Gipping, TM14, v.c.25, EMH & M A H , 12/7/80, but known here since 26/8/74. Det. Cambridge University Botanic Garden, 174. Hb. E&MH. This is a tall N. American alien, up to two metres high, closely resembling an enormous Chenopodium species. It is a member of the Compositae. Artemisia verlotiorum Lamotte, Verlots' Mugwort. (i) Wherstead, waste ground by R. Orwell, TM14, v.c.25, EMH, 30/10/75. Conf. Cambridge University Botanic Garden, 11/75. First Suffolk record. (ii) Ipswich, by footpath near garage, TM14, v.c.25, FWS, 19/11/76. Det. EJC, 1976. Still there, 1981. A number of new Ipswich localities for this increasing alien species were found ( M A H and E M H ) in 1980. One site, near Landseer Park, is remarkable for an extensive colony. Hb. E&MH. Senecio vulgaris L. var. radiatus Koch, Rayed Groundsel. Hadleigh, one plant on dumped soil by footpath, TM04, v.c.26, FWS, 26/4/80. Centaurea cyanus L., Cornflower. Hughley, at edge of cornfield, TM06, v.c.26. First seen by JH in 1971, when, after North Sea Gas pipes had been laid through the field, plants had spread onto the roadside verge. "Seen there every year since then, from one small plant to the best ever year in 1980", (JH). The only recent Suffolk record as a cornfield weed. Fritillaria meleagris L., Fritillary. DĂźring a conversation (29/12/80) with Mr. J. Bolton of Ipswich, I (FWS) was informed that when he was living at Lower Road, Westerfeld, between 1940 and 1970, Fritillaries grew in his old, grassy orchard together with a profusion of Wood Anemones. The site has now unfortunately been developed. Many years ago I had heard rumours of their occurrence at Westerfeld and had searched a number of old pastures in this Valley between Westerfeld and Akenham. The whole area has changed considerably in recent years and it is more than likely that the Fritillaries were relics of the Trans. Suffolk

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indigenous flora. One can visualise the appearance of this Valley centuries ago with its water meadows and stream. Now, except after astorm or occasionally during the winter, the stream is quite dry. It is also interesting to note that in some years, when the grass has not been cut, the Wood Anemone can be observed flowering abundantly under the trees in the grounds of Sparrowe's Nest, Thurleston, obviously relic flora, and not far from the Lower Road site. Ipheion uniflorum (R. C. Graham) Rafin., Spring Star-flower. Southwold, on cliffs in town, TM57, v.c.25, PGL, 198Ăœ. Outcast from nearby gardens. Convallaria majalis L., Lily of the Valley. (i) Mildenhall, a large patch in deciduous woodland, TL77, v.c.26, EMH 23/5/75. (ii) Aldham, small colony in ancient deciduous woodland, TM04, v.c.26, FWS, August 1979. (iii) Foxhall, small colony with the larger leaves of the garden variety, probably bird-sown, Brookhill Wood, TM24, v.c.25, FWS, July 1979. (iv) Leiston, in woodland with oak, alder, birch and rhododendron, TM46, v.c.25, IMV, 17/6/80. Juncus tenuis Willd., Slender Rush. Ipswich, two colonies on waste ground, TM 14, v.c.25, MAH 24/11/80 Conf. Dr. C. Stace, 11/80. Hb. E&MH. An American alien, first recorded in Britain in 1883. which has become very common in parts of Western and Southern Britain, but is still rare in E. Anglia. First Suffolk record. Festuca longifolia Thuill., Hard Fescue. Martlesham, A12 roadside, TM24, v.c.25, JRP, 1/6/80. A very rare grass in E. Suffolk, doubtfully native. Vulpia fasciculata (Forskai) Samp., Dune Fescue. (i) Felixstowe, one large colony among beach huts near Orford Rd.. and a few plants among huts near Tacon Rd., TM23, v.c.25, EMH, 20/6/80. Hb. E & M H . (ii) Landguard Common, TM23, v.c.25, PGL, 29/5/77. Still there in quantity, 1980. (iii) Thorpeness, TM45 and 46, v.c.25, PGL, 2/6/74. Still there, 1980. Three of the very few extant sites in Suffolk. Puccinellia fasciculata (Torrey) E. P. Bicknell, Borrer's Saltmarsh Grass. (i) Trimley, TM23, v.c.25, FWS, 1977. Hb. E&MH. (ii) Erwarton, TM23, v.c.25, EMH, 27/8/80. Hb. E&MH. (iii) Aldeburgh, TM45, v.c.25, PGL, 26/6/77. (iv) Blythburgh, TM47, v.c.25, PGL, 1980. In all cases growing on seasonally wet tracks on the landward side of sea or estuary walls. Trans. Suffolk

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Bromus carinatus H o o k e r & A r n o Âť , California Brome. Woolverstone, TM13, v.c.25, E M H , Sept. 1978. Conf. E J C , 9/78. Hb. E&MH. A strong-growing perennial Bromus, grown for silage, spreading on to the roadside verge. First noticed in 1978, still persisting in 1981, and likely to b e c o m e established. Brachypodium pinnatum (L.) Beauv., Tor Grass. Barrow, TL76, v.c.26, E M H , 6/7/80. Det. Dr. A. Melderis as var. pubescens S. F. Gray, 7/80. Hb. E & M H . There are very few Suffolk records for this grass. Elymus caninus (L.) L. ( = Agropyron caninum (L.) Beauv.), Bearded Couch. (i) Dalham, TL76, v.c.26, FWS & EM-R, at different sites, 1980. (ii) Moulton, TL76, v.c.26, FWS, 1980. Small colonies in shady hedges and thickets. A local or overlooked grass. Corynephorus canescens (L.) Beauv., Grey Hair-grass. L a k e n h e a t h , R A F Airbase. Thousands of plants in c. 130 sq. m. on closem o w n heath, TL78, v.c.26, G C , 1/8/80. A very rare British plant, mostly confined to the East Anglian coast. This is the second post-1930 record for v.c.26, and one of the very few inland sites in Britain. Setaria spp., Bristle-grasses. Setaria lutescens (Weigel) F. T. Hubbard, S. verticillata (L.) Beauv., and S. viridis (L.) Beauv. were seen near a grain silo in Lowestoft, TM59, v.c.25, by P G L in 1980. Carex x pseudoaxillaris K. Rieht. ( = C. otrubae Podp. x C. remoia L.) M o n k s p a r k W o o d , Bradfield St. George, TL95, v.c.26, FWS, 10/8/80. A rare hybrid, formerly more frequent. Carex pendula Huds., Pendulous Sedge. Foxhall, one speeimen in a new site, TM24, v.c.25, FWS, 16/9/80. This species is normally found in woods and ditches on the clay. Neottia nidus-avis (L.) L.C.M. Richard, Birdsnest Orchid. (i) R a y d o n , in thick elm scrub by disused railway line, TM04, v.c.26, DCS, J u n e 1977. (ii) Ipswich, Fishpond Covert, TM14, v.c.25, LJH, February 1980. Det. F W S , 3/80. Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) SoĂś, Early Marsh Orchid. M e l t o n , a small n u m b e r o f plants in a marsh, TM25, v.c.25, E M - R , 20/7/80.

Correction Ajuga chamaepitys at West Stow, published in Trans. Suffolk Nat. Soc. 18, 160, was first found by A L B on 22/8/48, not 1952 as stated there. I rans. Suffolk

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Key to contributors Briggs, R . S. Brown, D r . K. T. Bull, A . L. Clement, E. J. Crackles, Miss F. E . C r o m p t o n , Mrs. G . Donald, D . R. Harris, Mrs. J. Hawes, C. J. Hyde, L. J. Lawson, P . G . Leslie, Dr. A . C. Milne-Redhead, E . Palmer, J. R. Sheppy, Mrs. O . O . D. Sheppy, P. F. Smee, D. C. Vaughan, Mrs. I. M. Williams, J. C.

RSB KTB ALB EJC FEC GC DRD JH CJH LJH PGL ACL EM-R JRP OODS PFS DCS IMV JCW

References Clement, E. J. (1979). Watsonia, 12, 311. Hind, W. M. (1889). Floraof Suffolk. London. Tutin, T. G. etal., eds. Flora Europaea, 1-5. Cambridge. E. M. Hyde, and M. A . Hyde, Parkside, Woolverstone, Ipswich, Suffolk, IP9 1AR. F. W. Simpson, 40 Ruskin R o a d , Ipswich, Suffolk, IP4 1PT.

Trans. Suffolk

Nat. Soc. 18 part 3.

Some recent Suffolk plant records  

Hyde, E. M., Hyde, M. A. & Simpson, F. W.

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