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p

\n›-b-Zm¿Vy-Øns‚ hnP-b-km-{amPyw

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CkvXw-_qƒ, C∂sØ Zriyw

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Dkvam-\n ]oc¶n

Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^¯v

{]hm-N-I¿(-kz) ]d™p: \n߃ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ Iog-S-°pw. AXns‚ Aao¿ \√ Aao-dm-Wv. B ssk\yw \√ ssk\y-hpw.' Cu {]iw-knX ssk\n-I-cn¬ s]Sm≥ ]ecpw tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fn-s\-Xnsc ]S-∏p-d-∏mSv \S-Øn-sb-¶nepw kp¬Xzm≥ ^mXn-ln-\mWv B `mKy-ap-≠m-bXv

h³I-c-I-fp-sS `c-W-km-cYyw

K^q¿ ta¬apdn

1924 am¿®v aq∂nse AXm-Xp¿°ns‚ \nba \n¿am-W-tØm-sS-bmWv Xp¿°n Jnem-^-Øn\v A¥y-am-b-Xv. sXmÆqdp XnI-™n´pw AsXmcp \jvShpw s\mº-c-hp-ambn temI apkvenw-I-fn¬ \odn-∏-S-cp-∂p

Dkv a m- \ nb Jnem- ^ Øv XI¿∂t∏mƒ, AXn\v Np°m≥ ]nSn® kJyssk-\nI t\Xm-°-fn¬ {][m-\n-bmb {_n´ojv hntZ-i-Imcy sk{I-´dn tem¿Uv Igvk¨ BÀm- Z - ] q¿hw ]d™p: apkvenw-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ sFIy-ap-≠m-°m-\pX-Ip∂ F¥pw \mw XI¿°p-Ibpw Dt]£n-°p-Ibpw thWw. C∂sØ ÿnXn-

\qdp-±o≥ apkvX^ {]`mX kqcys‚ Inc-W-߃ sNcn™n-d-ßp∂ CS-\m-gn-bn-eqsS kp¬Xzm≥ apl-ΩZv Z¿ho-in-s\m∏w \S∂p. Z¿hoins‚ Hmtcm hm°pw At±-lØns‚ a\ n¬ D’mlw P\n-∏n-®p. ]nXm-°-∑mcpsS tijn-∏p-Iƒ kq£n® apdn-bn¬ ]eh´w Ib-dn-bn-´p-s≠-¶nepw Z¿hoiv ]d™ IY-I-sfm∂pw CXp-hsc Bcpw ]d™p X∂n-cp-∂n-√. AXy-[nIw BZ-cn-°-s∏-tS≠-XmWv Ah-sb∂v apl-Ω-Zns‚ bph-a\- n\v tXm∂n.

CS- \ mgn Xocp- ∂ n- S Øv Ah¿ \n∂p. Iptd t\c-tØ°v Z¿hoiv H∂pw ]d-™n-√. \n»-_vZX hnc-kam- b - t ∏mƒ apl- Ω Zv Z¿ho- i ns‚ hkv{X-Øn¬ ]nSn®p ]Xps° Ipep°n. c≠p ssIIfpw apl-Ω-Zns‚ Npa-ep-I-fn¬ sh®v Z¿hoiv ap´p-IpØn-bn-cp∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ IÆpIƒ \nd- b p- I - b m- W v. bphkp¬Xzms‚ Xe-bn¬ XS-hn-s°m≠v At±lw ]d-™p-Xp-S-ßn:

INBOX SUNNI VOICE 1,15 Xnø-Xn-I-fn¬ ]pd-Øn-d-ßp∂p

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bn¬, Db¿sØ- g p- t ∂¬°m- \ m- h mØ hn[w Xp¿°n acn®p Ign- ™ p. Hcp kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ \s´√p Xs∂-bmWv \mw HSn-®Xv; Ckvem-an-s‚bpw Jnem-^Øn-s‚-bpw.' 1924 am¿®v aq∂n-\mWv Xp¿°n Jnem^-Øn\v A¥yw Ipdn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. H∂mw temI alm-bp-≤-Ønse Xp¿°n-bpsS

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kp∂n-thmbvkv

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1924 am¿®v aq∂nse AXm-Xp¿°ns‚ \nba \n¿am-W-tØmsS-bmWv Xp¿°n Jnem-^Ø - n\v A¥y-am-bX - v. sXmÆqdp XnI™n´pw AsXmcp \jvShpw s\mº-c-hp-ambn temI apkvenwI-fn¬ \odn-∏-S-cp-∂p

\n›-bZ- m¿Vy-Øns‚ hnP-bk - m-{amPyw \qdp-±o≥ apkvX-^, K^q¿ ta¬apdn

kzq^nkw: \ntj-[n-Iƒ hymP-∑m¿ s]m∑f A_vZp¬Jm-Zn¿ apkven-bm¿

A√m-lp-hn-s\-b√- msX Bsc t]Sn-°m≥! XmPp¬ De-a/Jeo¬ X߃

Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^Øv:

32

IqSn-°mgvN

XmPp¬ Dea kønZv A_vZp-d-lvam≥ A¬ _pJmcn D≈mƒ, kønZv C_vdmlnw Jeoep¬ _pJmcn

Alvep-ss_Xv Xmh-gn-bnse c≠p Xe-ap-d-I-f-psS ]fin-X-t\Xr-Xzw. Ch¿ ]c-kv]cw D≈p-Xp-d-°p-tºmƒ tIc-f-Øn\v ]Tn°m-t\-sd. aAvZ- n≥ F≥Iu-anbw kπn-sa‚nse IqSn-°m-gvNb - psS {][m\ `mK-߃ ChnsS ]p\x-{]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂p...

19/ PqX Zmk≥ apkvX^ Iam¬ amXr-I-bm-hp-tºmƒ... 24/ Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑m¿ ad∂ hmcn-b≥Ip-∂≥ 29/ Xncp-Z¿i-\Ø - ns‚ AÃm-lp-hn-s\-b-ÃmsX Bsc t]Sn-¡m³! {]am-W-]£w 40/ ssiJv Poem-\n(-d)-bpsS A¥y-\n-an-jß - ƒ

kakvXtIcf kp∂n bph-P-\-kwLw apJ-]{Xw

e°w 15 2014 am¿®v 1˛15

]pkvXIw 33 hne 10 cq]

1435 PamZp¬ A∆¬

Imcy-Z¿in/04 apJ-samgn/05 kwL-N-e\w/37 Ncn-{X-hn-Nmcw/44 h\n-Xm-tIm¿W¿/46 se‰¿thmbvkv/48 adp-samgn/50

kµ¿in-°pI

? Btcbpw IqkmØ Hcp {]Ir-Xam-Wt√m DkvXm-Zn\v?

Xkz-∆p^v F∂ ]Zw hnip≤ Jp¿- B - \ ntem lZo- k p- I fntem kzlm-_n-I-fpsS bpKØntem {]tbm- K n- ° - s ∏´p ImWp-∂n-s√∂pw kzlm-_nIƒ, Xm_n-Cu-߃, XpS-ßnb-h-cmcpw kzq^n-Iƒ F∂ t]cn-e-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂n-s√-∂pap≈ \ymbw \ncØn Xkz∆p-^ns\ \ncm-I-cn-°p-∂Xv ip≤ A-_-≤-am-Wv

? kXy- Ø n\v apºn¬ Btcbpw IqkmØ {]IrXw, \nd™ ]mfinXyw,

www.sunnivoice.net www.facebook.com/ sunnivoicefortnightly

]ªn-j¿ Im¥-]pcw F.-]n. A_q-_° - ¿ apkven-bm¿ No^v FUn-‰¿ s]m∑f A_vZp¬Jm-Zn¿ apkven-bm¿ amt\-PnwKv FUn-‰¿ PH : 0495 2772845 Ae-hn-°p´n ss^kn FS-°c Fax : 2771538 FUn-‰¿ C≥ Nm¿÷v Email: editor.sunnivoice@gmail.com C_vdm-low-k-Jm^n ]pg-°m-´ncn Akn. FUn-‰¿ A_vZp¬K-^q¿ \nkman te Hu´v A_vZp-∂m-k¿ tZh-Xn-bm¬ sh_v FUn-‰¿ kmenw kzn±oJn tXm´p-s]m-bn¬ SUNNI VOICE FORTNIGHTLY, Samastha Islamic Centre, Near Planetarium, Kozhikode-6, RNI: 29471/77,KL/CT/48/2012-14


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Imcy-Z¿in

hm¿jnI Iu¨kn-ep-Iƒ am¿®v H∂p apX¬ Fkv s shFkv hm¿jnI Iu¨kn-ep-Iƒ Bcw-`n-°p-Ib - mbn. ]pXnb kwL-S\m hm¿j-Øn-te-°p≈ Xømsd-Sp∏v CXn-eqsS bYm¿∞-y-am-h-Ww. tIc-fØn¬ kwLS\m Aw-K-Xzw t\Snb apgp-h≥ {]h¿Ø-I-scbpw LS-I-ß-sfbpw k÷o-Icn- ° m\pw kwL- S \m]c- a mbn IqSp- X ¬ IcpØp ]I-cm\pw G‰hpw \√ Ah-kc - a - mWv Iu¨kn-ep-Iƒ. Iu¨kn-ep-Iƒ e£yw t\Sp-∂-Xn\v Bh-i-y-amb \n¿tZ-i-ß-sf√mw F√m LS-Iß-fn-te°pw \¬In-bn-´p≠v. Ah- _-‘-s∏´ {]h¿Ø-I-cpw `mc-hm-ln-Ifpw Gs‰-Sp-°-Ww. \n›nX knkn (Iu¨kn- ¬ I¨t{Smf¿)amcpsS t\Xr- X - z - Ø n¬ am{Xta Iu¨kn¬ \S-Øm≥ ]mSp≈q. tkm¨ IΩ‰n-bmWv knknsb ÃUn sNøp-∂Xpw \n›bn-°p-∂Xpw. \n›nX knknbpambn t\cn´p _‘-s∏´v bqWn‰v Iu¨kn-ens‚ F√m t{]m-{KmapIfpw t\csØ \n›-bn-°Ww. bqWn-‰nse saº¿jn∏p≈ F√m AwKßsfbpw Iu¨kn¬ tbmK-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-∏n°-Ww. Iu¨kn¬ AP-≠-Iƒ AwK-ßsf t_m[-y-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw AP-≠-bn¬ Xpd∂ N¿® \S-°p-Ibpw thWw. ]n∂n´ h¿jw \mw \nc-h[n ]≤-Xn-Iƒ \S-∏n-em-°n-bn-´p-≠v. Ah hI-Xn-cn®v hni-Zamb {]h¿Ø\ dnt∏m¿´pw hchp sNehp IW°pw Xøm- d m- ° p- I bpw sXm´p- a p- º v {]h¿ØI kanXn tN¿∂v ]m m°p-Ibpw sNøWw. dnt∏m¿´ns\bpw A\p- _ ‘ {]h¿Ø-\-ß-sfbpw ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-SpØn knkn bqWn-‰n\v t{KUv \n›-bn-°p-∂Xpw

kp∂n-thmbvkv

AXv Iu¨kn-en¬ sh®v {]J-ym]n°p-∂-Xp-amWv. knkn-am-cpsS dnt∏m¿´pIƒ GtIm- ] n∏n®v k¿°nƒ, tkm¨, Pn√-I-fn¬ ka{K dnt∏m¿´v Xøm-dm-°p-Ibpw AXn-eqsS kw-ÿm\sØ samØw {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS ÿnXn hnh-c-߃ ]Tn-°m\pw \nco£n-°m\pw km[n-°p-∂-Xpam-Wv. Hcp h¿jsØ kwL-S-\-bpsS {]h¿Ø\ hnP- b ߃ \n¿W- b n°m\pw Ipd- h p- I ƒ ]cn- l - c n®v ]pXnb ]S-hp-Iƒ Nhn-´n-°-b-dm\pw km[n-°-Ww. anj≥ 2014˛s‚ kam]- \ - s a∂ \ne- b n¬ tkm¨ XeØn¬ \S- Ø - s ∏- S p∂ bqØv tIm¨^d≥kp- I - f mWv G‰hpw {it≤-b-amb ]≤-Xn. G{]n¬, sabv amk-ßf-- n¬ AXv hn]p-e-ambn Xs∂ \S- Ø - s ∏- S - W w. Cu ]≤- X n- I fpw Iu¨knen¬ N¿®m hnt[-b-am-°Ww. {]ÿm-\Øns‚ hn]peamb i‡n DuXn- s °- S p- Ø m≥ hn- h n[ thj-aW - n™v i{Xp-°ƒ Iptd Imeambn {ian®p hcp- ∂ p. am\p- j nI [¿aw- t]mepw AXn-ewLn®v \SØp∂ Ch- c psS Zpjv{]- N - c - W ßfpsS apºnepw s\©p-d-t∏msS e£- y - Ø n- e [n- j v T nX- a mbn \ap°v apt∂-dm-\m-hWw. kwL-S\m]c-ambn B¿Pn-°p∂ Cu i‡n- {]Xn-tcm-[n°m≥ B¿°pw Ign- b n- √ . Cu im‡o-I-cW am¿K-Øn¬ \ap°v apt∂dmw.

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

4


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Dkvam-\nbm Jnem-^Øv Hm¿an-∏n-°p-∂Xv!

apJ-samgn

tem IØn\p amXr-I-bmbncp∂p Jnem-^-Xp¿dm-in-Z. {]hm-N-I¿(-kz)bn¬ \n∂v t\cn´v Zo≥ a\- n-em-°nb {]apJ injy-cmb \mep alm-∑m-cpsS `c-Ww. ap∏Xp h¿j-Øn\p tijw Jnem-^Xv hgn-amdp-sa∂ Xncp-{]-h-N\w ]pe-cp-Ibpw Aen(-d)s‚ ac-W-tØmsS cmPm[n-Im-c-Øn-te°v `c-W-sa-Øp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Da-hn-bm-°fpw A∫m-kn-I-fp-amWv ]n∂oSv h∂ `cW ssIImcy-°m¿. Ah¿°p-tijw Gsd-°psd aX-co-XnIƒ ]men-°p∂ Dkvam-\nb (Hm-t´m-a≥) Jnem-^Ø - n\v temIw km£n-bm-bn. amXrIm `cWw \S-Øm\pw \mSn\pw P\-߃°pw Ie, kmln-Xyw, imkv{Xw, kmº-ØnIw XpSßn GXm-s≠√m taJ-e-I-fnepw henb ]ptcm-KXn-bp-≠m-°m\pw Dkvam\n Jeo-^-am-cn¬ ]e¿°pw km[n-®p. hnhn[ `c-Wm-[n-]-cpsS ]oU-\-߃sIm≠v s]mdp-Xn-ap-´n-bn-cp∂ hyXykvX aX-°m-cmb P\-k-©bw Dkvam\o `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-fn¬ Bizmkw Is≠-Øn. Zpjv{]-Nm-c-W-߃ sIm≠pw IpX-{¥-߃ sIm≠pw aqSn-sh-°s - ∏-´n-cp∂ hnip≤ aXw kaq-lØ - n\p ]Tn-°m\pw ]I¿Øm\pw AXp-h-gn- h≥ ]ptcm-KXn t\Sm\pw Cu `c-W-Imew Gsd {]tbm-P\w sNøp-I-bp-≠m-bn. AXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ Xp¿°n Jnem-^Ø - ns\ A`n-am-\a - m-bmWv temI apkvenw-Iƒ I≠-Xv. kzm`mhn-I-ambpw AXns‚ hogvN kz¥w ]cm-P-b-ambpw Ah¿ Xncn-®-dn™p. 1924 am¿®v aq∂n-\mWv Dkvam-\nbm `cWw Ah-km-\n-®-Xv.-temIØv Ckvem-anI Jnem-^Øv \in-®X - ns‚ 90˛mw hm¿jn-IØ - n-emWv \mw Ct∏m-gp-≈-Xv. \jvS {]Xm-]-߃ ]¶p-sh-°pI F∂-Xn-\-∏pdw, Ah¿ \S-Ønb AXn kml-kn-I-amb hnπ-h-߃ sNdnb coXnbn¬ ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-Ib - mWv Cu e°Øn¬. ITn-\m-[zm-\hpw icnbmb hnizm-k-hp-ap-s≠-¶n¬ F{X henb {]Xn-k-‘nbpw \ap°v XcWw sNøm-\m-hp-sa∂ Hm¿a-s∏-Sp-Ø-emWv CXv.

FUn-‰¿ 5

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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CkvXw-_qƒ, C∂sØ Zriyw

Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^¯v h³I-c-I-fp-sS `c-W-km-cYyw 1924 am¿®v aq∂nse AXm-Xp¿°ns‚ \nba \n¿am-W-tØm-sS-bmWv Xp¿°n Jnem-^-Øn\v A¥y-am-b-Xv. sXmÆqdp XnI-™n´pw AsXmcp \jvShpw s\mº-c-hp-ambn temI apkvenw-I-fn¬ \odn-∏-S-cp-∂p \qdp-±o≥ apkvX^

{]`mX kqcys‚ Inc-W-߃ sNcn™n-d-ßp∂ CS-\m-gn-bn-eqsS kp¬Xzm≥ apl-ΩZv Z¿ho-in-s\m∏w \S∂p. Z¿hoins‚ Hmtcm hm°pw At±-lØns‚ a\ n¬ D’mlw P\n-∏n-®p. ]nXm-°-∑mcpsS tijn-∏p-Iƒ kq£n® apdn-bn¬ ]eh´w Ib-dn-bn-´p-s≠-¶nepw Z¿hoiv ]d™ IY-I-sfm∂pw CXp-hsc Bcpw ]d™p X∂n-cp-∂n-√. AXy-[nIw BZ-cn-°-s∏-tS≠-XmWv Ah-sb∂v apl-Ω-Zns‚ bph-a\- n\v tXm∂n.

kp∂n-thmbvkv

CS- \ mgn Xocp- ∂ n- S Øv Ah¿ \n∂p. Iptd t\c-tØ°v Z¿hoiv H∂pw ]d-™n-√. \n»-_vZX hnc-kam- b - t ∏mƒ apl- Ω Zv Z¿ho- i ns‚ hkv{X-Øn¬ ]nSn®p ]Xps° Ipep°n. c≠p ssIIfpw apl-Ω-Zns‚ Npa-ep-I-fn¬ sh®v Z¿hoiv ap´p-IpØn-bn-cp∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ IÆpIƒ \nd- b p- I - b m- W v. bphkp¬Xzms‚ Xe-bn¬ XS-hn-s°m≠v At±lw ]d-™p-Xp-S-ßn:

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

6


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"aI-t\, \ns‚ ]nXmhv kp¬Øm≥ apdmZv henb a\p-jy-\m-bn-cp-∂p. P\-ß-sf-°p-dn®v At±lw Imcy-am-bn-Øs∂ Nn¥n-®n-cp-∂p. ]cnip≤ Ckvem-ans‚ hn[n-hn-e-°p-Iƒ Dƒs°m≠mWv At±lw Pohn-®-Xv. kXy-a-X-Øns‚ {]Nm-c-W-Øn\v th≠n H´-t\Iw XymK-߃ kln-®n-´p-ap≠v kp¬Xzm≥.' apl-ΩZv shdptX ]p©n-cn®p \n∂-tX-bp≈q. Z¿hoiv XpS¿∂p: "aI-t\, {i≤n®p tIƒ°-Ww. Hcp-]mSv alm-∑m-cpsS ssII-fn¬ `{Z-am-bn-cp∂ ZuXyamWv Ct∏mƒ \n\°p h∂p-tN¿∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv. CXv A[n-Im-c-am-sW∂Xp sIm≠v hfsc kq£n-°-Ww. t]mcm-Ø-Xn\v \o sNdp-∏-°mc-\p-am-Wv. DØ-c-hm-ZnØw ad-°-cp-Xv. ]Sn-™mdp-\n∂pw Ing-°p-\n∂pw h∂ B{I-a-W-ßsf sNdpØv ]Sp-Øp-b¿Øn-b-XmWv Cu km{amPyw. kp¬Xzm≥ Dkvam≥ XpSßn kvt\l-\n[-n-bmb \ns‚ ]nXmhv apdmZv hsc A√m-lphns‚ HuZm-cy-Øn-s‚bpw {]uVn-bp-sSbpw XW-en¬ Ign-™-h-cm-Wv. Cu A[n-Imcw \ap°v kz¥-am-hn-√. Hcp Aam-\Øv kzØv am{X-am-Wv, AXp-sIm≠v kq£n-°p-I.' al-Ømb Dkvam-\nb km{am-Py-Øns‚ XpS°w Xp¿°p-sa-\n-ÿm≥ `mKØp \n∂p IpSn-tbdn Gjym ssa\-dn¬ ÿm\-ap-d-∏n® Imbv tKm{X-Øn-em-Wv. at[y-jy-bnse Ckvemans‚ hf¿®-°n-S-bn¬ A¬Ømbv ]¿h-XØn¬ \n∂pw h∂ HmKpkv Xp¿°n-I-fmWv Xp¿°njv `mj Ah¿°n-S-bn¬ {]N-cn-∏n-®-Xv. ]n∂oSv sk¬Pq°p-Iƒ Xp¿°p-sa-\n-ÿm≥ `cn-°p∂ ImeØv Ahsc ]n¥p-W-®n-cp∂ tKm{X- ß - f psS XpS¿®- b m- b n- c p∂p Imbv tKm{Xw. Ipcn-ip-bp-≤ß - fpw Ing-°p-\n-∂p≈ awtKmfn-b-cpsS B{I-a-W-ßfpw i‡n-bm-b-t∏mƒ sk¬Pq°p-Iƒ £bn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. XpS¿∂v Ht´sd tKm{X-߃ Xp¿°p-sa-\n-ÿm-\n¬ \n∂v a‰p ]e-bn-S-ß-fn-te°pw IpSn-tb‰w XpSßn. ]e tKm{X-ßfpw \mtSm-Sn-I-fmbn Ign-bm\mWv CjvS-s∏-´-Xv. A°q-´-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p Gjym ssa\-dn-se-Ønb Imbv tKm{X-hpw. ]t£, tijn® sk¬Pq-°p-I-fpsS klm-btØmsS i‡n kw`-cn-®p. awtKm-fn-b-∑m¿ sk¬Pq-°p-I-fn¬ \n∂pw ]nSn-s®-SpØ {]tZ-i-am-bn-cp∂p Gjym ssa\sd-¶nepw Ah-cpsS IsÆ-Øp∂ CS-am-bn-cp∂n√ AXv. Aßs\ 1299˛¬ Imbv tKm{X-Øe- h - \ m- b n- c p∂ Dkv a m≥ H∂m- a ≥ Xs‚ kzm[o\ taJ-esb "Imbvs_-bvenIv' kzbw-`-

7

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kp¬Xzm≥ kpsseams‚ `c-W-Øn\v IognemWv Ht´m-a≥ km{amPyw AXns‚ DØpw-K-X-bn-se-Øn-bXv. GI-tZiw 52 e£w NXp-c{i Intem-ao-‰¿ hym]n-®-Xm-bn-cp∂p kp¬Xzm≥ kpsseams‚ ImesØ Xp¿°n km{amPyw

cW {]tZ-i-ambn {]Jym-]n-®p. s_bvenIv F∂ Xp¿°njv ]Z- Ø ns‚ A¿∞w {]hniy F∂m-Wv. Dkvam≥ H∂m-as‚ Cu {]Jym-]\w B{^n-°-bp-sSbpw bqtdm-∏ns‚bpw Gjy-bp-sSbpw aÆn¬ cmjv{Sob kzm[o\w sI´n- ∏ - S pØ Hcp km{am- P yØns‚ \mµn-bmbn IW°m-°p-∂p. Cu Dkv a ms‚ t]cn¬ \n∂p- a mWv Ht´m- a ≥ F∂ hm°p-≠m-bXv; Dkvam-\nbm Jnem-^Øpw. F∂m¬ Dkv a m\n Xp¿°n- I ƒ°pw aptº Gjym ssa\-dn¬ apkvenw-I-sf-Ønbn-cp-∂p. tdmam km{am-Py-Øns‚ Ing-°≥ DØ-cm-[n-Im-cn-I-fm-bn-cp∂ ss_k-s‚bv≥ N{I-h¿Øn-am¿°pw Ah-cpsS km{am-PyØn\pw ISpØ sh√p-hn-fn-bmbn amdn-bn-cp∂ sk¬Pq°v Xp¿°n- I - f m- b n- c p∂p Ah¿. 1071˛se am≥kn- t I¿Xv bp≤- Ø n- e qsS tIm\y Xe-ÿm-\-am°n Hcp km{amPyw sI´n-∏-Sp-°m-\p≈ i‡n Ah-cm¿Pn-°pIbpw ss_k- s ‚bv ≥ km{am- P y- Ø ns‚ BWn-°√v Cf-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]t£, ss_k- s ‚bv ≥ N{I- h ¿Øn- b m- b n- c p∂ Ase-Ivkn-bqkv tImw\-bqkv Ipcn-ip-bp-≤°msc Iq´n-\p-hn-fn-®p. (a[y-]u-ckvXy tZiß-fn¬ hf-cp∂ ItØm-en-°-c-√mØ aX-˛k-`m-˛-cmjv{S kwhn-[m-\-ßsf XI¿°m≥ bqtdm-∏nse ss{IkvXh t\XrXzw Dgn™n´ {]tXyI aX-ssk-\y-am-bn-cp∂p Ipcnip-bp-≤-°m¿.) CtXmsS sk¬Pq-°p-I-fpsS km{amPy hn]p-eo-I-c-WsØ Imcy£a-

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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ambn {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ ss_k‚bv≥Im¿°v Ign-™p. ]n∂oSv tKmƒU≥ tlmWn¬ sh®v sk¬Pq-°p-Iƒ awtKm-fn-b¿°v Iog-S-ßn. `c- W m- [ n- I mcn Dkvam≥ ]n∂oSv Gjym-ssa-\¿ apgp-h≥ Xs‚ A[n- I mcw hym]n- ∏ n- ® p. tkmK-Øn¬ \n∂pw _¿k-bnte°v Xe-ÿm\w am‰n ÿm]n®p. 1326˛¬ Dkvam≥ ac-W-a-S-™t∏mƒ AXn-k-a¿∞-\m-bn-cp∂ aI≥ H¿lm≥ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bmbn. H¿lm≥ cmPm- h ns‚ ImeØv ss_k‚bv≥ km{am-PyØns‚ Nne {]hn-iy-I-fn-ep-≠mbn- c p∂ B`y¥c elf HXp°m≥ Ah-c-t±lsØ Atßm´v £Wn-®p. hen-sbmcp ssk\y-hpam-bmWv H¿lm≥ bqtdm-∏n-te°v Ib-dn-b-Xv. 1345˛ap-X¬ 1356 hsc XpS¿®-bmb CS-s]-S-ep-I-fn-eqsS k¬Pq-°pIƒ krjvSn® Ncn{Xw H¿lm≥ Bh¿Øn-®p. ss_k-s‚bv≥ km{am-Py-Øns‚ ASn-Ø-dbn¬ hn≈-ep-≠m-°n-s°m≠v Ken-s∏mfn F∂ {]hniy At±lw ]nSn-s®-Sp-Øp. 1360˛¬-A-{Unbm-t\m-∏n¬ IqSn ssIb-S-°n-b-tXmsS Dkvam\n-Iƒ bqtdm-∏n¬ hen-sbmcp i‡n-bm-bn. H¿lm\v tijw A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ h∂Xv apdmZv H∂m-a-\m-Wv. bp≤-X-{¥-ß-fn¬ AXnhn-Z-Kv[-\m-bn-cp∂ apdm-Zns‚ ImeØv Ht´sd {]hn-iy-Iƒ ss_k-s‚bv≥ B[n-]-Xy-Øn¬ \ns∂m-gn-™p-t]m-∂p. kp¬Xzm≥ F∂v BZyambn hnfn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv At±-l-am-Wv. 1383˛embn-cp∂p Cu ]´m-`n-tj-Iw. ssk\nI i‡ntb-°mƒ IqSp-X¬ At±lw D]-tbm-K-s∏-SpØn-bXv \b-X-{¥-]-c-amb \o°-ß-fm-bn-cp-∂p. Xmc- X - t ay\ sNdnb ssk\y- h p- a m- b mWv At±lw bp≤-\o-°-߃ \S-Øn-b-Xv. 1385˛¬ _ƒtK-dn-bbpw 1389˛¬ sImtkmh bp≤-Øn¬ sk¿_n-bbpw Iog-S-ßn. _ƒtK-dn-b-bpsS hogvN ss_k-s‚bv≥Imsc h√msX t\mhn®p. kp¬Xzm≥ apdm-Zns\ hI-h-cp-Ø-W-sa-∂pd-∏n® Ah¿°v sImtkmh bp≤-Øn¬ AXn\p≈ Ah-kcw hoWp-In-´n. kp¬Xzm-s\-Xnsc D]- N m]w \SØn; h[n- ® p. bp≤- Ø n¬ kp¬Xzm≥ hosW¶nepw ssk\yw ]X-dn-bn√. Cu Bfl-ss[-cyhpw hocyhpw Xs∂-bmbn-cp∂p Ht´m-a≥ Xp¿°n-I-fpsS IcpØpw. kma¿∞y-Ønepw sFIy-Ønepw kp¬Xzms‚

kp∂n-thmbvkv

Ign-hn-ep-amWv F√m-hcpw hniz-kn-®-Xv. Ign-hpsI-´-hs\ ]n¥p-S¿®-°m-c-\m°n hmgn-°m≥ Hcp Hmt´m-a≥ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbpw Xøm-dm-bn-cp∂n- √ . AXp- t ]mse Xs∂ kp¬Xzm- t \mSv ]q¿W hnt[-bXzw ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂ ssk\yw km{am- P y- Ø ns‚ AJ- fi - X - b psS D‰ Imh¬°m-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. apdmZv H∂m- a \p tijw s_bv k oZv ASpØ kp¬Xzm-\mbn. bqtdm-∏nse cmjv{Sob-tØ-°mƒ At±lw {i≤n-®Xv Gjy-bnse Xß-fpsS P∑-tZ-i-a-S-°-ap≈ a[y-]q¿th-jybpsS \nb-{¥-W-am-bn-cp∂p. AXp-sIm-≠pXs∂ At±lw Ing-t°m-´mWv ssk\ysØ \bn-®-Xv. 1403˛¬ At±lw awtKm-fn-b-tcmSv tXm¬hn hmßn. CtXmsS Ht´sd Xp¿°n `mK߃ awtKm-fn-b-°m¿°v Iogn-em-bn. Gjym- s sa- \ - d n¬ Ah- t i- j n- ® n- c p∂ `mKØv ]n∂oSv `cWw XpS¿∂Xv s_bvkoZns‚ aI≥ apl-ΩZv kp¬Xzm-\m-bn-cp-∂p. km{am-Py-Øns‚ \jvS-{]-Xm-]-ß-fpsS hos≠Sp-∏m-bn-cp∂p kp¬Xzm≥ apl-Ω-Zns‚ e£yw. F∂m¬ dpta-enb (bp-tdm-]y≥ `mKw) hn´p-If-bm\pw Dt±-iy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. At±lw ]nXm-a-l≥ H¿lm≥ bqtdm-∏n-te-°p≈ {]thi\ tI{µ-ambn I≠ A{Un-bm-t\m-t]m-fns\ Ht´m-a≥ km{am-Py-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ Xe-ÿm\-am-°n-s°m≠v bqtdm-∏n-te-°p≈ {i≤ IqSpX¬ IWn-i-am-°n. awtKm-fn-bsc Xpc-Øm≥

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

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]cym-]vX-amb Hcp ssk\ysØ Xøm-dm-°nb apl- Ω Zv kp¬Xzm≥ a[y ]q¿th- j y- b n¬ B[n- ] Xyw t\Sn- s b- S p- Ø p. AXn- \ n- S °v kzmX{¥y {]Jym-]\w \S-Ønb sk¿_n-bsb hcp-Xn-bn¬ sIm≠p-h-cm-\mbn Ing-°≥ bqtdm-∏n-te°v ssk\ysØ \bn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. 1423˛¬ apl-ΩZv ac-W-s∏-´-t∏mƒ apdmZv c≠m-a≥ kp¬Xzm-\m-bn. kp¬Xzm≥ apdm- Z ns\ ImØn- c p- ∂ Xv henb Xncn-®-Sn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. tdmam km{am-PyØns‚ HØm- i - b nepw Bin¿hm- Z - Ø nepw ssk\n-I-ambn H∂n® Ing-°≥ bqtdm]y≥ cmPy-ß-fmb tlmf-≠v, A¬t_-\n-b, hem°nb XpS-ßn-bh Ht´m-a≥ A[o-\-ta-J-e-bn¬ hna-X Iem-]-ap-≠m-°n. Ht´sd {]hn-iy-I-fn¬ \n∂p≈ Xp¿°n- b psS ]n∑m- ‰ - Ø n- e mWXv Iem-in-®-Xv. {]Pm-t£a X¬]-c-\m-bn-cp∂ kp¬Xzm≥ Ht´sd \√ `c-W-]-cn-jvIm-c-ßfpw \S-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. 1450˛¬ At±lw ac-W-s∏-Sptºmƒ `c-W-ta-s‰-Sp-°m≥ buh-\-Øn-te°v Imeq-∂nb apl-ΩZv ^mXnlv am{X-am-Wp-≠mbn-cp-∂-Xv. AXn-k-a¿∞-\mb Ct±-l-Øn\p Iogn-emWv tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ 1453˛¬ IogS-ßp-∂-Xv. 1462˛¬ tSm]vIm]n sIm´mcw ]Wn-I-gn∏n®v tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fn-te°v Xe-ÿm\w am‰nb At±lw sX°≥ {Ko°v {]tZ-i-ßfpw

Ckvemw aX-Øns‚ {]Nm-c-W-Øn¬ Hmt´ma≥Im¿ \¬Inb kw`m-h-\-Iƒ hnh-c-WmXo-X-am-Wv. Ckvem-an-Imi-b-ß-fn¬ Pohn-°pIbpw Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc kXy-a-X-Øns‚ hn[n-hne-°p-I-fn¬ \n∂v hyXnN-en-°m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX Dkvam-\n-Iƒ amS-ºn-Ø-Øn-s‚bpw A⁄-X-bp-sSbpw Ccp´n¬ hoW bqtdm-∏n\v \thm-∞m\ shfn®w ]I¿∂p

9

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

_mƒ°≥ taJ-e-Ifpw GX≥kpw ]nSn-®-S-°n. 1480˛¬ C‰-en-bpsS {]hn-iy-Isf e£y-am°n \oßnb apl-ΩZv kp¬Xzm≥ Xs‚ km{amPyw hnI-kn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ Gsd hnP-bn-®p. Xp¿°nI-fpsS hoc-\m-b-I-\mb apl-Ω-Zp¬ ^mXnlv B h¿jw Cl-temIw shSn-™p. PqX-\mb sshZys\ ]m´n- e m- ° nb tdma- ° m¿ hnjw sImSp-ØmWv kp¬Xzms\ sIm∂-sX∂v IcpXp-∂p. apl-ΩZv ^mXn-ln\v tijw Icp-Ø-\mb `c- W m- [ n- I m- c n- s b∂v hnti- j n- ∏ n- ° - s ∏- ´ Xv ]u{X-\mb kmenw BWv. A°meØv {Kokv, en_n-b, SpWo-jy, CuPn-]vXv, ssk{]kv {]tZi-ß-fp-sams° Dƒs°m-≈p-∂ h≥ i‡nbmbn Hmt´m-a≥ km{amPyw amdn-bn-cp-∂p. CuPn]vXn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ A[n-\n-thi i‡n-I-sf XpcØn Hmt´m-a≥ A[o-\-X-bn-te°v CuPn]vXns\ tN¿ØXv Ct±-l-am-Wv. Atd-_y≥ \mSp-I-fn-te°pw kmenw H∂m-a≥ e£y-an-´p. Cdm≥ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ jm Ckvam-Cuen-s\bpw Cdm-\n¬ Xs∂-bp≈ k^m-lZv cmPm-°-∑m-scbpw I¬{Zn-b≥ bp≤-Øn-eqsS ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw A[n-Imc hn]p-eo-IcWw \SØp-Ibpw sNbvXp. t]m¿®p-Ko-kp-ambp≈ InS-a-’-c-߃°v Hmt´m-a≥Im¿ Xømdm- b - X v C°m- e Øp Xs∂. Cu kv ] ¿≤ ASpØ kp¬Xzm-\mbn h∂ kpsse-ams‚ ImeØv IS¬ \nb-{¥-W-Øn¬ X¿°-ßfpw bp≤-ß-fp-sam-s°-bp-≠m-°n. kp¬Xzm≥ kpsse- a ms‚ `c- W - Ø n\v Iogn-emWv Ht´m-a≥ km{amPyw AXns‚ DØpwK-X-bn-se-Øn-b-Xv. GI-tZiw 52 e£w NXpc{i Intem- a o- ‰ ¿ hym]n- ® - X m- b n- c p∂p kp¬Xzm≥ kpsse-ams‚ ImesØ Xp¿°n km{amPyw. ssk\nI anI-hp-sIm≠pw \bX{¥ \o°-ß-fnse ]Iz-X-sIm≠pw t]scSpØ kp¬Xzm≥ Iem-˛-kmw-kvIm-cn-I-˛-ssh⁄m-\nI cwKØpw cmjv{SsØ A`n-hr-≤n-s∏Sp-Øn. \s√mcp Nn{X-Im-c≥ IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂ kpsse-am≥ Ad_n Imen-{Km^n Iem-cw-KØv anI-hp‰ cN-\-I-fp-≠m-hp-∂-Xn\v Imc-W-°m-c\m-bn. Hmt´m-a≥ Xp¿°n-Iƒ {^©p-Im-cp-am-bp≠m-°nb kJyw i‡hpw anI-hp-‰-Xp-am-bn-cp∂p. s\bvkn, tIm¿kvtIm XpS-ßnb {]hn-iyI-fpsS \nb-{¥-W-Øn\v th≠n-bm-bn-cp∂p {^©p-Im¿ Dkvam-\n-I-tfmSv klmbw tXSn-bXv. _¿_-tdm-k, lb-d-±o≥ ]mj XpS-ßnb ka¿∞- c mb ssk\nI Iam≥U¿am- c psS klm- b - t ØmsS bqtdm- ∏ ns‚ cmjv { Sobw A£- c m¿∞- Ø n¬ \nb- { ¥n- ® p- t ]m- ∂ Xv kp¬Xzm- \ m- b n- Ø o¿∂p. l_v k v _ ¿Knse

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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tdmam N{I-h¿Øn-bm-bn-cp∂ s^¿Un\‚n\v {^©v-˛-D-kvam-\nb ssk\nI kwJyw henb Xe-th-Z-\-bm-bn-cp-∂p. 1526˛¬ taml- I m≥ bp≤- Ø n¬ sh®v s_¬t{KUv ]nSn-s®-Sp-°p-Ibpw lwK-dn-b≥ `c-WsØ Im¬°o-gn-em-°pIbpw sNbv X p. hnP- b m- t h- i - Ø n¬ Bkv{Sn-b≥ B[n-]-XysØ tNmZyw sNøm≥ apXn¿∂ kp¬Xzm\v ]t£ hnb-∂-bn¬ Imen-S-dn. ]cm-Pbw cpNn® kp¬Xzm≥ kpc-£n-X-ambn ]n∑m-dn. _KvZm-Zns‚ \nb-{¥Ww ]nSn-s®-SpØv ]uckv X y tZiØv apkv e nw temIØns‚ \mb-IXzw t\Sp-I-bp-ap≠m-bn. kpsse-ams‚ ImeØv t]m¿®p-Kokp-Im-cp-ambn \nc-¥cw Ie-ln-°p-Ibpw C¥y≥ alm kap-{Z-Ønse \nb-{¥-W߃°v th≠n kacw \SØp-Ibpw sNbvXp. tkmam-en-b-bpsS A[n-Imcw t]m¿®p-Ko-kp-Im-cn¬ \n∂pw ]nSn-s®SpØ Jeo^ bqtdm-∏nse F√m i‡nI-fp-sSbpw t]Sn-kz-]v\-am-bn. GI-tZiw H∂-c-t°mSn apkvenw-Iƒ Dkvam-\nb Jnem- ^ - Ø n\v Iogn¬ kp¬Xzm≥ kpsse- a ms‚ Ime- Ø p- ≠ m- b n- c p∂p F∂v IW-°p-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p. temI P\kwJy hfsc Ipd-hm-bn-cp∂ Ime-ØmWn-sX-t∂m¿°-Ww. Ckv e mw aX- Ø ns‚ {]Nm- c - W Øn¬ Hmt´ma≥Im¿ \¬Inb kw`m-h\-Iƒ hnh-cW - m-Xo-Xa - m-Wv. Ckvem-an-Imi-b-ß-fn¬ Pohn-°p-Ibpw Hcp ]cn-[nhsc kXy-a-X-Øns‚ hn[n-hn-e-°p-Ifn¬ \n∂v hyXn-N-en-°m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvX Dkvam-\n-Iƒ amS-ºn-Ø-Øns‚bpw A⁄- X - b p- s Sbpw Ccp- ´ n¬ hoW bqtdm-∏n\v \thm-∞m\ shfn®w ]I¿∂p. Dkvam-\n-I-fpsS _lp-kzc ImgvN∏ - m-Sp-Ifpw am\p-jnI aqey-߃°v \¬Ip∂ {]m[m-\yhpw bqtdm-]ysc Ckvem-an-te°v BI¿jn®p. ss_ks‚bv≥˛tdmam-km-{am-Py-ß-fpsS IncmXhpw Acm-PXz ]q¿W-hp-amb `c-W-ßfn¬ s]mdp-Xn-ap-´p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Ah¿. ItØm-en-°-c-√mØ {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ t]mepw \ninXambn Ah-aX - n-°s - ∏-Sp-ambn- c p∂ `c- W m- ¥ - c o£w CXc k`°m¿°v Akzo-Im-cy-am-bn-cp-∂p. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ Dkvam-\n-I-fpsS `cWØn-¬ P\-߃ IqSp-X-embn Ckveman¬ im¥n Is≠-Øn.

kp∂n-thmbvkv

]fin-X-∑m-scbpw hn⁄m\ kZ- p-I-sfbpw Atßb‰w t{]m’m- l n- ∏ n- ® n- c p∂ Dkv a m- \ n- I ƒ hnkvXr-X-amb aZvd-k-I-fp-≠m-°n. kp∂o hnizm-knI-fm-bn-cp∂ Ahcn¬ D¬]-Xn-jvWp-Xz-Øn\v CS-ap≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. AXn-\m¬ Xs∂ ss]XrI kº-∂amb aqey-ß-fn¬ Ah¿ hn´p-hogvN°v Xøm-dm-bn-cp∂n-√. _lp-kz-c-X°pw Ah¿ {]m[m\yw \¬In. AXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Iƒ {InkvXym-\nIƒ°v th≠n skan-\m-cn-Iƒ°pw A\p-aXn \¬IpI- b p- ≠ m- b n. dkn- U ≥jy¬ kwhn- [ m- \ - ß - f n¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-cp∂ CØ-cØ - n-ep≈ 3,000 ÿm]-\ß - ƒ Dkvam-\nb `c-W-Øn\p Iogn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v tcJ-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p. km{am-Py-Øns‚ `cWw tI{µo-Ir-Xm-Sn-ÿm-\Øn- e m- b n- c p- ∂ p. kp¬Xzm- \ m- b n- c n°pw Xe- h ≥. kp¬Xzms\ klm-bn-°m≥ a{¥n-amcpw ka¿∞-cmb DtZym-Kÿhrµhpw IqsS-bp-≠m-Ipw. {][m-\-ambpw ssk\n-Iw, s]mXp-`-cWw F∂n-ßs\ c≠p hn`m-Kam-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p `cW {]h¿Ø-\-߃. {]Pm-t£aw Imcy-£-a-am-°p-∂-Xn\pw hnkvXr-X-amb km{am-PyØns‚ A®-S°w Dd-∏p-h-cp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw {]mtZ-inI `cW kwhn-[m-\-ß-fp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. {]hn-iy-bnse `c-W-I¿Øm-°fpw DtZym-K-ÿcpw kp¬Xzm-t\mSv ]q¿W-ambn Iqdv ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp-∂p. Ign-hn-s‚bpw kma¿∞y-Øn-s‚bpw ASn-ÿm-\-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p `cW ÿm]- \ - ß - f n- t e°v DtZym- K m¿∞n- I sf sXcs™Sp-Øn-cp-∂X - v. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ IqSp-X¬ ^e-h-Ømb `cW {]h¿Ø-\-߃ apt∂m-´p-sh°m≥ Ah¿ \n¿_-‘n-X-cm-bn. AXns‚ ^ew P\߃°v e`n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. 1870˛I-tfmsS ]q¿W cmPm-[n-Im-c-Øn¬ \n∂v `c-W-L-S\m _‘n-X-amb cmPm-[n-]-Xy-Øn-te°v

Jnem-^Øv ]XmI

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

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kp∂o hnizm-kn-I-fmbn-cp∂ Dkvam-\n-I-fn¬ D¬]-Xn-jvWp-Xz-Øn\v CS-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. AXn-\m¬ Xs∂ ss]XrI kº-∂-amb aqey-ß-fn¬ Ah¿ hn´p-hogvN°v Xøm-dmbn-√. _lp-kz-c-X°v {]m[m\yw \¬Inb `c-Wm-[n-ImcnIƒ {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ°v skan-\m-cn-Iƒ°pw a‰pw A\p-aXn \¬In

Ht´m-a≥ hyh-ÿnXn amdp-I-bp-≠m-bn. `c-WIm-cy-ß-fn-ep-S-\ofw "Znhm≥' F∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ DtZym-Kÿ cpw Ckvem-anI I¿a-im-kv{X-Øn¬ A{K- K - W y- c mb ]fin- X - ∑ mcpw henb kzm[o\w sNep-Øn-bn-cp-∂p. ]fin-X-∑m-cpsS CS-s]-S-ep-Iƒ kp¬Xzm≥ AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. \nbm-aI kwhn-[m-\-ß-fn-em-bncp∂p De-am-Cs‚ kzm[o\w IqSp-X-ep-≠m-bncp-∂-Xv. kp¬Xzm- \ m- b n- c p∂p F√m ssk\nI kpc£m kwhn-[m-\-ß-fp-sSbpw A[n-]≥. AXn-ka - ¿∞cpw \qX-\a - mb bp≤-X{- ¥-ßf - n¬ hnZ- K v [ - c p- a m- b n- c p∂p Ht´m- a ≥ ssk\n- I ¿. Bbp-[-߃ thK-Øn¬ hg-°n-sb-Sp-°m-\p≈ Ah-cpsS Ignhv AZv`p-X-I-c-am-sW∂v tXmakv A¿\mƒUv. tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. saUn-‰-td\n-b-\nepw sN¶-S-enepw Hmt´m-a≥ \mhn-Itk\ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p B[n-]-Xy-Øn¬. kn]m-ln-Iƒ F∂mWv Imemƒ]S Adnb- s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ - X v . samØ- Ø n¬ ssk\yhpw Cßs\ hnfn°s∏-´p. P\- dn k{º-Zmbw Dkvam-\n-If - psS khn-ti-jX - b - m-bn-cp-∂p. {][m\-ambpw bqtdm-∏n¬ \n∂p≈ {InkvXob sNdp∏-°m-sc-bmWv P\- dn ssk\nI XkvXn-II- f nte°v FSp- Ø n- c p- ∂ - X v . {]tXy- I - a mb ssk\nI ]cn-io-e-\-°-f-cn-Iƒs°m-Sp-hn-emWv Ch¿ ssk\y-Øns‚ `mK-am-hp-I. Hmt´m-a≥

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2014 am¿®v 1˛15

Xp¿°p-I-fpsS ssk\y-Ønse hfsc {][m-\s∏´ Hcp hn`m-K-am-bn-cp∂p hoc-iqc ]cm-{I-anI-fm-bn-cp∂ P\- -dn-Iƒ. Dkvam-\n-I-f-ptSXv Imcy-£-a-amb CkvemanI ico-A-Øm-sW∂v Imc≥ Bwkvt{SmMpw A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Xs‚ the better for god F∂ ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ C°mcyw ]cm-a¿in-°p∂p≠v . Aap- k v e nw- I ƒ°v Im\q≥ F∂ {]tXyI \nb-ah - y-hÿ bpw Dkvam-\n-Iƒ Xømdm-°n. {][m-\-ambpw aq∂p Xc-Øn-emWv tImSXn-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. H∂v apkvenw-I-fp-tS-Xv. c≠v, Aap-kvenw-I-fp-tS-Xv. aq∂m-a-tØXv I®hS˛C-S-]m-Sp-I-fnse X¿° ]cn-lm-c-߃°pw. AXn-\q-X-\hpw Imcy-£-a-hp-ambn Cu tImS-Xn-Iƒ Jmkn-am-cpsS ta¬t\m-´Ø - n-em-bncp-∂p. Ahsc klm-bn-°m≥ ap^vXn F∂p hnfn-°s - ∏-Sp∂ ]fin-Xc - p-≠m-Ipw. PpUo-jydn apgp-h≥ I¿a-imkv{X ]fin-X-∑m-cpsS \nb{¥-W-ß-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p. Ckvem-anI I¿a-imkv{X- Ø n¬ ka¿∞- c mb ]fin- X sc kp¬Xzm≥ km{am-Py-Øns‚ DtZym-K-ÿ-cmbmWv ]cn-K-Wn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. ico-AØv \nb-a߃ \S-∏n-em-°n-t∏m∂ Dkvam-\n-I-fpsS `cW- Ø n¬ P\- ß ƒ°v kwXr]v X n am{Xta D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. Dkvam-\n-I-fpsS ImeØv Ie-bpw -km-lnXyhpw AXns‚ ]mcayX-bn-se-Øn. imkv{X kmt¶-XnI apt∂-‰ß - ƒ°pw Hmt´m-a≥ Xp¿°nIƒ {]b-Xv\n-®p. {]tXy-In®pw km{amPyw cmjv{So-b-ambn ]mc-ay-X-bn-em-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ. kp¬Xzm≥ kpsse-ams‚ Iogn¬ Ht´sd KthjW ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ Xs∂ kwL-Sn-∏n-°-s∏-´p. tPm¿Pn- b kv Aan- d q- ’ kv F∂ {Ko°v ]fins‚ klm-b-tØmsS Ht´sd {KŸ-߃ X¿Pa sNøp-Ibpw Kth-jW ]T-\-߃°v sse{_-dn-Ifpw a‰pw ÿm]n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AlvaZv \Zo C^≥Znsb t]mep≈ Ihn-Iƒ A°m-eØv kmlnXy ]T-\-ß-fpsS {]Nm-c-Icm-bn. Huenb k¬_nsb t]mep≈ Ihn-Iƒ Xß-fpsS cN-\-Iƒ at\m-l-c-ambn Imen-{Km^n-bn-eqsS Ah-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-®p. Hmt´m-a≥ Xp¿°n-I-fpsS hmkvXp-in¬]Ie at\m-l-chpw {]Nmcw t\Sn-b-Xp-am-bn-cp∂p. ss_k- s ‚bv ≥ , kz- ^ m- h n- Z v - , - A - d - _ v - , sk¬Pq°v, bqtdm-]y≥ k¶¬]-ßf - psS AXna-t\m-lc - a - mb k¶-e\ - a - m-bn-cp∂p AXv. 1462˛¬ CkvXw-_q-fn¬ kp¬Xzm≥ apl-ΩZv c≠m-a≥ Xe-ÿm\w ÿm]n-®-t∏mƒ ]WnX tSm]vIm∏n sIm´mcw Xs∂ Xp¿°njv \n¿amW hnZy-bpsS DZm-Ø-amb kvamc-I-am-Wv.

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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\mev \q‰m-t≠mfw Cu taml\ amfnI Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^-Øns‚ `cW kncm-tI-{µambn \ne- s Im- ≠ p. 1853˛¬ kp¬Xzm≥ A_vZp¬ aZqkv ]pXnb sIm´mcw ]Wn-I-gn∏n- ° p- ∂ - X p- h sc Hmtcm kp¬Xzms‚bpw tI{µw CXv Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \ne-hn¬ 300 apdn-I-fp≈ tSm]vIm∏n Hcp tIm´ IWs° hnkvXr-Xa - m-bn-cp-∂p. \mep ap‰-ßf - p≈ sIm´mc-Øns‚ Hcp ap‰-ØmWv lmKnb tkm^nsb∂ Iq‰≥ Bcm-[\ - m-eb - a - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv (]n∂o-SXv apkvX^ Iam¬ ]mj ayqkn-b-am-°n). A¥-]pc kap-®b - ß - ƒ°pw ]qt¥m-´ß - ƒ°pw ]pdsa henb sse{_-dn-Ifpw XS-h-d-Ifpw in£m-ÿ-e-ßfpw IpXn-cm-e-b-ß-fp-a-S°w anI® kuI-cy-߃ sIm´m-c-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. GI-tZiw lmKnb tkm^n-b-bpsS cq]L-S-\-bn¬ Xs∂ \n¿an-°-s∏´ at\m-l-c-amb Hmt´m-a≥ \n¿an-Xn-bm-Wv ªqtamkvIv (A-lvaZv akv P n- Z v ) . skZm- ^ ¿ apl- Ω Zv BK- s b∂ in¬]n-bpsS Ic-hn-cp-X-emWv Cu Iq‰≥ ]≈n bmYm¿∞y-am-bX - v. \ndsb Xmgn-I°p-Sß - fp≈ ]≈n-bpsS {][m\ BI¿jWob-Xbpw AXpX-s∂. CXn¬ {][m\ aIp-S-Øn\v 33 ao‰¿ hymkhpw 43 ao‰¿ Db-c-hp-ap-≠v. ]Sp-Iq-‰≥ Iyq_p-I-fn-em-bmWv ]≈n-bpsS ASn-ÿm\ \n¿an-Xn. AXn¬ aIp-S-߃ Ib-‰n-sh-®Xp t]mse-bmWv {Iao-I-c-Ww. 20,000 HmSp-Iƒ ]mIn-bn-´p≠v akvPn-Zns‚ AIØv. as‰mcp BI¿j-Wo-b-X Xp¿°n \n¿amWhn-Zy-bpsS kq£va-Xbn¬ {]tXyIw Ae-¶-cn-®n-´p≈

at\m-l-c-ambn Nn{X-∏Wn sNbvX Ccp-\q-dn-e[nIw Nn√p-Pm-e-I-ß-fm-Wv. Ch-bn-eqsS kqcy{]-Imiw AI-tØ°v IS-Øp-tºm-gp≈ at\mlm-cnX Ah¿W-\o-bw. \ndsb Jp¿-B-\nI hN-\-ßfpsS Imen-{Km-^n-bpw ImWmw. akvPnZns‚ FhnsS \n∂v t\m°nbmepw anºdpw anlvdm_pw ImWp-∂ ]mI-Øn\v kq£vahpw ka¿∞-hp-am-bmWv apl-ΩZv BK CXns‚ πm≥ Xøm-dm-°n-bn-´p-≈-Xv. AIØv ]mIn-bncn-°p∂ I√p-Iƒ°v \oe \nd-ap-≈-Xn-\m-emWv akvPn-Zn\v ªqtamkvIv F∂p t]cp-h-∂-Xv. Dkvam-\n-If - psS {]Xm]w hnfn-t®m-Xp∂ Ht´sd \n¿an-Xn-Iƒ C∂pw CkvXw-_q-fnepw CXc \Kc-ß-fnepw Xe-bp-b¿Øn \n¬°p-∂p. Ckvemapw AXns‚ {]`m-hhpw Gjy-bnsem-Xp-ß-W-sa∂v iTn-®n-cp∂ bqtdm-∏ns‚ aXm- ‘ - X - s bbpw tdma- ° m- c psS Al- ¶ m- c sØbpw IpS- s ™- d n- ™ mWv Hmt´m- a ≥ km{amPyw bpK-ß-fmbn hf¿-∂-Xv. _m¿t_dn-b-\p-I-fpsS Iem-]-߃s°m∏w Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^-Øns‚ hf¿®bpw Ckvem-an-te-°p≈ P\-ß-fpsS Hgp°pw t]m∏n-s\bpw `c-Wm-[nIm-cn-I-sfbpw h√msX sNmSn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. an° bqtdm- ] y≥ i‡n- I - f p- s Sbpw \ne- \ n¬]v `ojWn t\cn´p. hmkvtImU Kma KpUvtlm]v hgn C¥y-bn-te°v \S-Ønb IS¬ bm{X-tbmsS-bmWv t]m¿®p-K-en\pw a‰pw sXs√m-cm-izmk-ap-≠m-b-Xv. AXp-hsc Dkvam-\n-I-tfmSv ]nSn®p-\n¬°m≥ Ah¿ ]mSp-s]-Sp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ac-t°m-Sn-tbmfw NXp-c{i Intem-ao-‰¿ hym]n-®p-I-S∂ Dkvam-\nb km{amPyw Gjy, bqtdm-∏v, B{^n° h≥Ic- I - f n¬ kzm[o- \ - a p≈ km{am- P yambn hf¿∂p. temI apkv e nw- I - f psS tI{µ- a mbn amdnb tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ `cW- Ø - e - h ≥ hnizm- k nIƒ°p Jeo- ^ - b m- b n. H∂mw temI alm-bp≤w hsc AXm- b n- c p∂p ÿnXn. 1924 am¿®v aq∂nse AXm-Xp¿°ns‚ \nba \n¿am-W-tØm-sSbmWv Xp¿°n Jnem- ^ Øn\v A¥y- a m- b - X v. sXmÆqdp XnI- ™ n´pw AsXmcp \jvShpw s\mºc-hp-ambn temI apkvenwI-fn¬ \odn-∏-S-cp-∂p.

kp¬Xzm≥ apl-ΩZv ^mXn-lns‚ aJv_d

kp∂n-thmbvkv

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

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\nÝ-b-ZmÀVy-¯nsâ

hnP-b-km-{amPyw

Dkvam-\n ]oc¶n

{]hm-N-I¿(-kz) ]d™p: \n߃ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ Iog-S-°pw. AXns‚ Aao¿ \√ Aao-dm-Wv. B ssk\yw \√ ssk\y-hpw.' Cu {]iw-knX ssk\n-I-cn¬ s]Sm≥ ]ecpw tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fn-s\-Xnsc ]S-∏p-d-∏mSv \S-Øn-sb-¶nepw kp¬Xzm≥ ^mXn-ln-\mWv B `mKy-ap-≠m-bXv K^q¿ ta¬apdn Dkv a m- \ nb Jnem- ^ Øv XI¿∂t∏mƒ, AXn\v Np°m≥ ]nSn® kJyssk-\nI t\Xm-°-fn¬ {][m-\n-bmb {_n´ojv hntZ-i-Imcy sk{I-´dn tem¿Uv Igvk¨ BÀm- Z - ] q¿hw ]d™p: apkvenw-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ sFIy-ap-≠m-°m-\pX-Ip∂ F¥pw \mw XI¿°p-Ibpw Dt]£n-°p-Ibpw thWw. C∂sØ ÿnXn-

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2014 am¿®v 1˛15

bn¬, Db¿sØ- g p- t ∂¬°m- \ m- h mØ hn[w Xp¿°n acn®p Ign- ™ p. Hcp kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ \s´√p Xs∂-bmWv \mw HSn-®Xv; Ckvem-an-s‚bpw Jnem-^Øn-s‚-bpw.' 1924 am¿®v aq∂n-\mWv Xp¿°n Jnem^-Øn\v A¥yw Ipdn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. H∂mw temI alm-bp-≤-Ønse Xp¿°n-bpsS

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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]cm-P-b-tØmsS Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^-Øns‚ \ne-\n¬]n\v `ojWn t\cn-´n-cp-s∂-¶nepw \maam-{X-ambn AXp \ne-\n¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ Xp¿-°nsb atX-Xc dn∏-ªn-°mbn {]Jym- ] n- ® pw Jeo^m ]Zhn \n¿Ø¬ sNbvXpw ]pXnb {]kn-U‚ v apkvX^ Iam¬ ]mj-sb∂ km{am-PyXz i‡n-I-fpsS h’-eZm- k ≥ \mj- W ¬ Akw- ª n- b n¬ \nbaw ]m m-°n-b-tXm-sS-bmWv kl-{km-_vZ-Øn-e[nIw \o≠ apkvenw Jnem-^Øpw Jeo^m ÿm\hpw Ncn- { X- a m- h p- ∂ - X v . 1924 am¿®v \mens‚ {]`mXw ]pe-cp-∂Xv Jnem-^-Øns‚ XI¿®-bpsS hm¿Ø tI´p-sIm-≠m-Wv. B hm¿Ø Xp¿°n-bnse Acm-PI-hm-Zn-Isf aØp]n-Sn-∏n-s®-¶nepw ]c-e£ - w hnizm-kn-Isf AXp thZ-\n-∏n-®p. Xp¿°n°m¿s°m∏w BtKmf apkv e nw kaq- l hpw B thZ- \ - b n¬ ]¶ptN¿∂p. (C-¥y-bn¬ Jnem-^Øv kwc-£W {]ÿm\w cq]w-sIm-≠Xpw KXn-am-dn-b-t∏mƒ Km‘nPn ]ncn-®p-hn-´Xpw Ncn-{Xw.) Xte∂p cm{Xn as‰m- c p hm¿Ø- I qSn Xp¿°n- ° m¿ tI´p. Ah- k m\ Jeo^ A_vZp¬ aPoZv c≠m-a≥ GXm\pw hkv{Xßfpw Ipd®p ]Whpw IpØn-\n-d® s]´n-bpambn Hcp Imdn¬ Ibdn cmPyw hn´Xmbn-cp∂p AXv. k¿hm-[n-]-cmbn Ign-™n-cp∂, `cn-°m≥ ]nd∂ hwi-Ønse Cfw Xe-ap-d-°m-c-\p-≠mb Zpc¥w. tijn® cmP-Ip-Spw-_-ß-sf-sb√mw \mSp-I-SØn "AXm-Xp¿°v' Xs‚ ip≤n-I-ei b⁄w ]q¿Øo-I-cn-®-Xn\pw tij Znh-k-ßfn¬ Xp¿°n-°m¿ aqI-km-£n-I-fm-bn. XpS¿ h¿j- ß - f n¬ Ckvem- a nI kwkvIrXn AXn-thKw cmPy-Øp-\n∂v XpS-®p\o- ° - s ∏- S p- ∂ - X mWv I≠- X v . Xp¿°n- b psS ]nXmhv (A-Xm-Xp¿°v) Bbn Ah-tcm-[n-°s∏´ apkvX^ Iam¬]mj Ah Hmtcm-∂mbn \in-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. XpS-°-Ønse `cW ]cn-jvIm-c-ß-fn¬ At±-lsØ ]n¥p-W-®n-cp∂-h¿°p-t]mepw ]n∂o-S-t±-lsØ X≈n-∏-dtb-≠n-h-∂p. \mep h¿jw IqSp-tºmƒ `c-WIm-em-h[n ]pXp-°n-s°m≠v Hcp GIm-[n-]-Xnbn-te-°p≈ hf¿® IqSn-bmWv AXm-Xp¿°v Xzcn-X-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xv. Dkvam≥ H∂m-as‚ (1259˛1326) cmP-hw-iamWv temI-ap-kvenw-I-fpsS Jeo^ F∂ \nebn¬ ]n¬°m-eØv hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏´ Dkvam\nb Jnem-^-Øn\v ASn-Ød ]mIp-∂-Xv. Cu hwi-Ønse {]K¤-\mb `c-Wm-[n-Imcn aplΩZv c≠m-a≥ F∂ kp¬Xzm≥ apl-ΩZv ^mXnlns‚ kmc-Yy-Øn¬ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ Iog-S-°-s∏-´Xv Xp¿°n Jnem-^-Øns‚ Ncn-

kp∂n-thmbvkv

Ib-‰n-d-°-ß-fp≈ B ae-ºm-X-bn-eqsS H‰ cm{Xn sIm≠v Fgp-]Xv I∏-ep-Iƒ Imf-Ifpw ssk\n-Icpw sI´n-h-en® AZv`p-X-I-Y\w {]apJ ]m›m-Xy≥ Ncn-{X-]fin-X≥ Kn∫¨ "Z Unss¢≥ B‚ v ^mƒ Hm^v Z tdma≥ Fw]-b¿' F∂ hnJymX {KŸØn¬ ÿew kµ¿in®v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-°m-Wmw

{X-Øn¬ s]m≥Xq-h-te-In. bqtdm-]y≥ Ncn-{XIm-c-∑m-cpsS Xa-kvI-c-W-Øn\p Gsd hnt[b\mb Dkv a m\n `c- W m- [ n- ] \pw Ct±lw Xs∂. {InkvXym-\n-Iƒ hnip-≤- \Kcambn IcpXn-bn-cp∂ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ Iog-S-°pIbpw km{amPy Xe-ÿm\w Atßm-´p-am-‰pIbpw sNbvX-XmWv kp¬Xzm≥ ^mXn-ln-s\Xnsc Xncn-bm≥ bqtdm-]y≥ Ncn{X {KŸI¿Øm-°ƒ°p {]tNm-Z-Iw. t_mkv^-dkv \Zn-bpsS Ccp-Xo-c-ß-fn-ep-am-bp≈ Cu \Kcw Gjy≥- ˛ - b q- t dm∏v `qJ- fi - ß - f psS kwKa ÿew IqSn-bm-bX - n-\m¬ `qan-imkv{X]c-ambpw Gsd khn-ti-j-am-Wv. ss{IkvXh \mK-cn-IX ap‰n-\n∂ AhcpsS Cu Bÿm\ \Kcn apkvenw-I-fp-tS-XmIp- s a∂ {]hm- N I Zo¿L- Z ¿i- \ - Ø ns‚ ]pe¿® IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂p tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nfn- t e- ° p≈ apkv e nw ssk\nI {]thiw. _nivdp_v\p klvan¬ \n∂v apkv\Zv Alva-

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Zn¬ D≤-cn-°s - ∏-Sp∂ lZokv Cß-s\: \n߃ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ Iog-S-°pw. AXns‚ Aao¿ \√ Aao-dm-Wv. B ssk\yw \√ ssk\y-hpw.' Cu {]iw-knX ssk\n-I-cn¬ s]Sm≥ apB-hn-b(-d) Jeo-^-bm-bXp apX¬ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fn-s\-Xnsc ]S-∏p-d-∏mSv XpS- ß n- b n- c p- ∂ p. Dkv a m≥(- d )s‚ Iogn¬ apkvenw-Iƒ \mhn-I-tk\ cq]o-I-cn-®n-cp-∂Xv CØcw {]tZ-i-ß-fn¬ \n∂v apkvenw-Iƒs°Xn-sc-bp≈ B{I-a-WsØ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ klm-b-I-am-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. F¶nepw Ckvem-an\pw Ckvem-anI cmjv{SØn-\psa-Xnsc Hfn-hnepw sXfn-hnepw Icp-\o°-߃ \SØn Cu \Kcn 1453 hsc ]nSn-®p\n-∂p. Dkvam-\nb cmP-hw-iØ - nse Ggmw Jeo^-bmbn 22-˛-Im-c-\mb kp¬Xzm≥ apl-ΩZv ^mXnlv A[n-Im-c-ta-¬°p∂Xv Bbn-sS-bmWv. bp≤-X-{¥w, \b-X-{¥w, [oc-X, at\mZm¿Vyw XpS-ßnb KpW-ßf - m¬ hnJym-X\ - mb

At±lw tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fns\ Iog-S-°m\p-d-®p. B \K-c-Øn\v tIm´-t]mse kwc£Ww \¬Ip∂ ae- b n- S p- ° p- I fnepw t_mkv^-dkv \Zn-bnepw B[n-]Xyw ÿm]n®mte AXn-\mhq F∂v At±lw a\- n-em°n. Icn-¶-S¬ hgn t_mkv^-d-kn-eqsS bp≤-k-ab-ß-fn¬ Ah¿°v bqtdm-]y≥ cmPy-ß-fpsS klm-b-sa-Øp-∂Xv XS-bm≥ AtX am¿K-ap≠m- b n- c p- ∂ p- ≈ q. Cu e£y- Ø n¬ ap≥ kp¬Xzm≥ _mb-koZv Gjy≥ XocØv ]WnXn-cp∂ tIm´°v A`n-ap-J-ambn bqtdm-]y≥ XocØv ^mXnlv as‰mcp tIm´-sb-Sp-∏n-®p. CtXmsS t_mkv^-dkv Xp¿°n-I-fpsS Iognsem-Xp-ßn. Ah-[m-\Xm ]q¿h-am-bn-cp∂p At±-lØns‚ Hmtcm \o°-hpw. tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nfns‚ I\Ø tIm´aXn¬ XI¿°m≥ km[mcW ]oc-¶n-Iƒ°p tijn-bn-s√∂p {Kln® At±lw amcI {]l-c-tijnbp≈ sNºn¬

hgn-\n-dsb ]e-I-I-fn-´p. sImgp-∏p-]p-c´n AXns‚ D]-cn-Xew an\p-k-s∏-SpØn. 70 I∏-ep-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn ]e-I-I-fn¬ Ib-‰n-sh-®p. Hmtcm I∏enepw c≠p-hoXw I∏n-Øm∑m¿ k©-cn-°p-Ibpw Im‰ns‚ B\p-Iqeyw e`n-°m≥ ]mb-Iƒ Agn-®n-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp Ic-bn-eq-sS-bp≈ I∏-tem´w Nn{X-Im-cs‚ `mh-\-bn¬. C≥ssk-‰n¬ kp¬Xzm≥ ^mXnlv

15

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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\n¿an® ]oc¶n hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-Øp. aq∂p In‚-temfw `mc-ap≈ D≠bpw \n¿an-®p. Hcp ssa¬ AI- s e- \ n∂v {]tbm- K n- ° m- h p∂ CXns‚ kmt¶-Xn-IØ - n-Ihv Dkvam-\n-If - psS A°mesØ (H-cp-]-t£, F°m-e-sØ-bpw) anI® \n¿an-Xn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]co-£-Wm¿∞w CXp {]tbm-Kn-®-t∏mƒ Zqc-Øn¬ IrXyX ]men-°p-Ibpw BdSn AI-te°v Xpf®p Ib-dp-Ibpw sNbvXpsh∂v ]mIv kp{]nw tImSXn ap≥ No^v PÃnkv apl-ΩZv XJn Dkvam\n "Plms\ ZoZ'bn¬ hnh-cn-°p-∂p. t_mkv ^ - d - k v , tKmƒU≥ tlm¨ F∂n-h-bm¬ hebw sNø-s∏´ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fn\v Ing-°p-`m-KtØ Ic-bp-≈q. CXn-\m¬ hen-sbmcp \mhn-I-∏S Xs∂ bp≤-Øn-\mbn k÷o-I-cn-t°-≠-nh-∂p. 140 ]S-°-∏-ep-I-fp≈ \mhn-I-tk\ kp¬Øm≥ k÷-am-°n. Xøm-sd-Sp-∏p-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm-bt∏mƒ kp¬Øm≥ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏nƒ D]-tcm-[n-®p. Ic-tk-\sb ]´-WØ - ns‚ Ing°- \ - X n¿Øn- b nepw \mhnI ]Ssb t_mkv^-d-knepw hn\y-kn-®p. tKmƒU≥ tlmWn-emWv Xpd-ap-Jap≈Xv. Chn-tS-°p≈ {]th-i\ Zzmc-Øn¬ tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fpIm¿ I\Ø teml-®-ß-e-bn-´n-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ t_mkv ^ - d - k n¬ \n∂v I∏- e p- I ƒ°v tKmƒU≥ tlmWn-te°v FØm-\m-hp-am-bncp- ∂ n- √ . Nß- e - b psS kpc£°mbn ss_km‚n-b≥ I∏-ep-Ifpw hn\ykn®n-cp-

lnPvd 857 Pam-Zp¬ A∆¬ Ccp-]Xmw cmhv. Dkvam-\nbm t]mcm-fnIƒ ZnIvdnepw Xkv_oln-ep-ambn A∂p cm{Xn Ign-™p. kp_vln \nkvIm-cm-\-¥cw kp¬Xzm≥ ^mXnlv t]mcm-fn-Isf A`n-kwt_m-[\ sNbvXp. fplv¿ \nkvImcw lmKnb tkm^nb N¿®n¬ \SØ-W-sa∂v At±lw {]Jym-]n-®p

kp∂n-thmbvkv

∂p. ^mXn-lns‚ I∏-ep-Iƒ ChnsS IpSp-ßn. D]-tcm[w Ing-°p-`m-KØp am{X-am-bn-®p-cp-ßn. kap-{Z-`m-K-߃ kpc-£n-Xam-sW∂v I≠ \K-chm-kn-Iƒ k¿h-i‡ - n-tbm-sSbpw Ing-°p-`m-KØv t]mcm´w \S-Øn. Xpd-apJw D]-tcm-[n-s®-¶n-te \Kcw Iog-S°m-\mhq F∂v kp¬Xzm≥ Duln-®p. Nß-ebpw ]S-°-∏-ep-Ifpw ImcWw tKmƒU≥ tlmWneqsS {]th-in-°m-\p-am-hn-√. {]Xn-k‘n Fßs\ XcWw sNøp-sa∂ Btem-N-\-bn¬, Ah-km\w Ing- ° ≥ Ic- b n- e qsS I∏epIƒ ISØm≥ kp¬Xzm≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. Ncn-{X-Øn¬ kam-\-XI-fn-√mØ \n›-b-Zm¿Vy-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. ]Øpssa¬ Zqcw Ic-bn-eqsS I∏epIƒ kml-kn-Iambn \o°n-bmte tKmƒU≥ tlmWn-se-Øm\mhq. F¶n¬ Jmknw ]mj-sb∂p t]cp≈ tKmƒU≥ tlmWns‚ Z£nW Xoc-sØ-Ømw. B ]≤Xn ssk\n-I-Ø-e-h-∑m¿°pw t_m[n-®p. ITn-\m-[zm-\-Øn\v ssk\nI bqWn-‰p-Ifpw Xømdmbn. Imcy-amb \o°-ß-fn-√msX D]-tcm[w \o≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv B¿°pw KpW-Ic - a - m-bn-cp-∂pan√. Ib-‰n-d-°-ß-fp≈ B ae-ºm-X-bn-eqsS H‰ cm{Xn sIm≠v Fgp-]Xv I∏-ep-Iƒ Imf-Ifpw ssk\n-Icpw sI´n-h-en® AZv`p-X-I-Y\w {]apJ ]m›m- X y≥ Ncn- { X- ] - fi n- X ≥ Kn∫¨ "Z Unss¢≥ B‚ v ^mƒ Hm^v Z tdma≥ Fw]b¿' F∂ hnJymX {KŸ- Ø n¬ ÿew kµ¿in®v tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-°m-Wmw. Znhym-¤p-Xs - a∂m-Wn-Xns\ At±lw hnti-jn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Kn∫¨ FgpXn: "hgn-\n-dsb ]e-I-I-fn-´p. sImgp-∏p-]p-c´n AXns‚ D]-cn-Xew an\p-k-s∏Sp-Øn. 70 I∏-ep-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn ]e-I-I-fn¬ Ib-‰n-sh-®p. Hmtcm I∏-enepw c≠p-hoXw I∏nØm∑m¿ k©-cn-°p-Ibpw Im‰ns‚ B\p-Iqeyw e`n-°m≥ ]mb-Iƒ Agn-®n-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXp. a\pjy-cp-sSbpw arK-ß-fp-sSbpw klm-b-tØmsS ]Øp ssa¬ ]¿hX hgn-ap-dn®p IS∂v Chsb tKmƒU≥ tlmWn-se-Øn-®p. hnf-°p-I-fpsS {]Im- i - Ø n- e m- b n- c p∂p Cu I∏- t em- ´ w. tIm¨Ãm‚n-t\m-∏n-fns‚ AXn¿Øn ImØn-cp∂ ss_km‚n-b≥ ssk\n-I¿ t_mkv^-d-kns‚ ]Sn-™m-d≥ Xoc-Øp-\n-∂m-cw-`n® hnf-°p-I-fpsS sNdp{]Imi {]bmWw I≠n-cp-∂p-sh-¶nepw Iqcncp´p ImcWw F¥mWp kw`-hn-°p-∂-sX∂h¿ a\- n-em-°n-bn-√. {]`mXamb-t∏m-tg°v ^mXnlns‚ 70 sNdp-I-∏-ep-Ifpw ]Sp-Iq-‰≥ ]oc-¶nbpw tKmƒU≥ tlmWn-se-Ønb AZv`pXw I≠v ss_km‚n-b≥ tk\ A‘m-fn®p' (t] 689˛690). tKmƒU≥ tlmWns‚ Bg-°p-dhp ImcWw

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

16


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hnhn[ Dkvam\n Jeo-^-am¿

ss_km‚n-b≥ ssk\n-I-cpsS henb I∏-epIƒ°v kzX-{¥-ambn k©-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-ambn-cp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ ^mXn-lns‚ I∏-ep-Iƒ sNdp-Xm-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Ah¿°v AXpw A\pIqe LS-I-am-bn. Cu apt∂-‰-tØmsS Xpd-apJhpw D]-tcm-[-Øn-em-bn. Iq‰≥ ]oc-¶nbpw ^mXnlv ÿm]n-®p. sX°p-˛-In-g-°v `mK-߃ Xß-fpsS hcp-Xn-bn-em-bt∏mƒ Dkvam-\nb ]oc¶n-Iƒ AXn¿Øn aXn¬ e£y-am°n Xo Xp∏n. Ggv Bgv N XpS¿®- b mbn CXp XpS¿∂p. I\Ø B aXn-en¬ aq∂p hn≈-epIƒ D≠m°m≥ Xp¿°n ssk\n- I ¿°p Ign- ™ p. Kn∫¨ FgpXn: "\q‰m-≠p-Iƒ i{Xp-°sf {]Xn-tcm-[n® B aXn¬ Dkvam\n ]oc-¶n-It- f‰v \ndw sI´p, ]e-bn-SØpw ]nf¿∂p. sk‚ v dqamt\mkv Ihm-S-Øn-\-cn-In¬ \mep an\m-c-߃ \new-s]m-Øn.' tIm¨Ãm‚n- t \m- ∏ nƒ \in- ∏ n- ° m- \ - √ , AhnsS \n∂v apkvenw-Iƒs°-Xn-cmb \o°ßƒ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°pI am{Xta kam-[m-\-Imw£n-bmb kp¬Xzm≥ Dt±-in-®n-cp-∂p≈q F∂Xn\v sXfn-hmWv 1453 sabv 24˛\v ss_km‚nb≥ N{I-h¿Øn°v At±lw Ab® ktµiw: B{I-aWw \n¿Øn Ct∏mƒ Iog-S-ßn-bm¬ {]P-I-fpsS kzØpw Poh\pw kpc-£n-X-am-bncn-°pw. tamdnb {]tZiw cmPm-hn\p \¬IpIbpw sNøpw.' ]t£, N{I-h¿Øn AXp X≈n. A©p Znh-ksØ kmh-Imiw \¬Inb ^mXnlv XpS¿∂v A¥na t]mcm-´-Øn\v DØchp \¬In. lnPvd 857 Pam-Zp¬ A∆¬ Ccp]Xmw cmhv . Dkv a m- \ nbm t]mcm- f n- I ƒ ZnIvdnepw Xkv_o-ln-ep-ambn A∂p cm{Xn Ign™p. kp_vln \nkvIm-cm-\-¥cw kp¬Xzm≥ ^mXnlv t]mcm- f n- I sf A`n- k w- t _m- [ \ sNbvXp. fplv¿ \nkvImcw lmKnb tkm^nb N¿®n¬ \S-Ø-W-sa∂v At±lw {]Jym-]n-®p. t]mcm-´-Øn\v XpS-°-am-bn. D®-hsc Ccp-

17

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

hn-`m-Khpw H∏-Øn-s\m∏w \n∂p. sk‚ v sdmam≥kns‚ `mKØv ISpØ t]mcm´w ImgvN-sh® BKml-ks‚ t\Xr-Xz-Ønep≈ {]tXyI _‰m-en-b≥ Db¿∂ tIm´ aXn-en\p apI-fn¬ Ibdn Jnem-^-Øns‚ N{µm-¶nX c‡-]-XmI AhnsS \m´n. {]Xym-{I-a-W-Øn¬ At±-lhpw GXm\pw ssk\n-Icpw Xmsg hoWp ilo-Zm-bn. F¶nepw Dkvam-\n-∏S ae-sh≈w t]mse Cc-®p-I-b-dp-∂Xv I≠p tIm¨Ã-ss‚≥ ssk\n-I¿ Xncn-t™m-Sn. Xs‚ ssk\yw bp≤°f- Ø n¬ \n∂v c£- s ∏- S p- ∂ Xp I≠v N{I-h¿Øn \ncm-i\ - m-bn. "{InkvXym\n-I-tf, \nß-fm-sc-¶nepw Fs∂-sbm∂v sIm∂p-X-cptam'sb∂-t±lw Ah-tcmSv hnfn-®p-tNm-Zn-®p. XpS¿∂-t±lw G‰p-ap´n acn-®p. ]mentbm temKkv (1449˛53) F∂ tIm¨Ã-ss‚≥ ]Xn-s\m-∂m-a≥ N{Ih¿Øn-bpsS A¥y-tØmsS 18 \q‰m≠v \ne-\n∂ tdmam km{amPyw Ncn-{X-IY am{X-am-bn, kok¿ F∂ ]Z-hn-bpw. kp¬Xzms‚ A`n- e mjw t]mse fplvdns‚ ka-bØv At±lhpw a{¥namcpw sk‚ v sdmam≥kv Ihm-S-Øn-eqsS ]´-W-Øn¬ {]th-in-®p. temI {]ikvX {InkvXy≥ tZhm- e - b - a mb lmKnb tkm^n-b-bpsS Ihm-S-Øn¬ IpXn-csb \n¿Øn ^mXnlv Xmsg-bn-dß - n. hm¶p-hnfn apg-°m\m-⁄m-]n-®p. in¿°ns‚ tI{µßfn¬ Xulo-Zns‚ i_vZw CSn-ap-g°w Xo¿Øp. FUn 395˛¬ tdma≥ km{amPyw c≠mbn hn`-Pn-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Ing-°≥ km{am-Py-Øns‚ Bÿm\w tIm¨Ãm‚ n- t \m- ∏ n- f m- b n- c p- ∂ p. ]Sn- ™ m- d ≥ km{amPy Xe-ÿm\w tdmapw. Ing-°≥ {InkvXym-\n-I-fpsS aX-Ø-e-h≥ ]m{Xn-

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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bm¿°nkv F∂ t]cn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Hm¿Ø- t UmIv k v k`m Bÿm- \ - a mbn lmKnb tkm^nb amdp- I bpw sNbv X p. tIm¨Ã-ss‚≥ H∂m-a≥ FUn 360˛¬ ]WnX Cu tZhm-e-bØn\v hØn-°m≥ N¿®n- t \- ° mƒ ]mc- º - c y- a p- ≠ v . 532˛¬ lmKnb tkm^n- b - b psS {_l- Ø mb ]p\¿\n¿amWw ]q¿Øn-bm-bt- ∏mƒ kpsseam≥(-A) \n¿an® ss_Xp¬ apJ-±-kns\ CI-gvØn-s°m≠v PÃo-\-nb≥ N{I-h¿Øn Cßs\ ]d™p: "Hm kpsse-am≥, Rm≥ \nßsf adn-IS- ∂ - n-cn-°p∂p.' Hcp kl-{k-m_vZtØmfw ]IpXn ss{Ikv X h temI- Ø ns‚ tI{µ-ambn CXp ]cn-ekn-®p. B Ncn-{X-Øn\mWv kp¬Xzm≥ ^mXnlv ]q¿W hncm-aan-´-Xv. lmKnb tkm^nb Iog- S - ° m≥ apkv e nwIƒ°p Ign-bn-s√∂pw Ah¿ N¿®n-t\m-S-Sp-°ptºmƒ amemJ Ic-hm-fpam-bn-dßn Ahsc HmSn°p- s a∂ hnizm- k Øm¬ \m´p-Im¿ bp≤ ka-bØv AhnsS XSn®p-Iq-Sn-bXpw AZriy klmbw e`n- ° msX \ncm-i-cm-bXpw Kn∫¨ Fgp- X n- ° mWmw (t] 697). ^mXnlv CXns\ Pman- A v Bbm tkm^nb F∂v ]p\¿ \ma-Ic - Ww sNbvXp. CX- { Xbpw Ncn- { Xw. 16˛17 \q‰m- ≠ pIƒ°nsS sX°p-In-g-°≥ bqtdm-∏v, a[y]q¿th-jy, hSt° B{^n° F∂o aq∂v h≥I-c-I-fn¬ A[n-Imcw ÿm]n-°p-amdv hf¿∂p Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^-Øv. F∂m¬ ]n∂oSv sISp-Im-cy-ÿ-Xbpw Agn-a-Xnbpw kzm¿∞-Xbpw AXns\ ]cm-P-b-Øn-se-Øn®p. Hmtcm {]tZi-߃ km{am-Py-Øn¬ \n∂p sImgn- ™ p- h o- W p. ]m›m- X y≥ temIØv apkvenw-Iƒ°pw Jnem-^-Øn\pw t\sc \S∂ KqVm- t em- N - \ - I ƒ CXn\v B°w Iq´n. H∂mw temI alm- b p- ≤ tØmsS Xp¿°n Jnem-^-Øns‚ ]X\w kºq¿W-am-bn.- I-am¬ ]mj-bmWv Jnem^- Ø ns‚ Bcm- ® m¿ ]Wn- s b- S p- Ø - X v . At±lw {]kn-U‚m-bXv apX¬ Ckvem-anI

kp∂n-thmbvkv

ss]XrIw N{I-izmkw hen XpS-ßn. 1923 HIvtSm-_¿ 23 PnF≥F `c-W-L-S\-bn¬ t`Z-KXn sNbvXv cmPysØ dn]-ªn°m-°n, ]nt‰ h¿jw am¿®v 3˛\v Jeo^ ÿm\w d±m- ° n. Xe- ÿ m\w A¶m- d - b nte°p am‰n. Pqsse-bn¬ ico-AØv \nb-aw, hJ-^v, ico-AØv tImS-Xn-Iƒ, aX-hn-Zym-eb-߃ \n¿Ø-em-°n. ]≈n-Iƒ k¿°m¿ Gs‰-Sp-Øp. AXnse hcp-am\w Kh¨sa‚ v I≠p-sI´n. ]pcp-j-∑m¿ aX-Iob Xe-∏mhv

ªqtamkvIv

[cn- ° p- ∂ Xv Ip‰- I - c - a m- b n. kv { XoIƒ lnPm_v [cn-°p-∂Xv XS-™n-s√-¶nepw ]cnlm-ky-am-°n. 1925 Unkw-_-dn¬ lnPvd Ie≠¿ am‰n {KntK-dn-b≥ Ie-≠¿ \S-∏m-°n. 1928 G{]n¬ H∂n\v HutZym- K nI aXw Ckv e m- s a- ∂ Xp am‰n. \hw- _ ¿ c≠n\v Ad_n `mj \ntcm-[n-®p. 1932¬ JpXp-_-bS°w Bcm- [ - \ - I ƒ Ad- _ n°p ]Icw Xp¿°n-bn-em-°n. Cßs\ Ckvem-an-I-amb F√mw cmPy- Ø p- \ n∂p XpS- ® p- \ o- ° m≥ Iam¬]mj [m¿jv S yw ImWn- ® p. C∂p ]t£, Jnem-^Øv XI¿®-bpsS HºXp Zim_v[-Øn\p tijw Xp¿°n AXns‚ aX-ssNX\yw sNdnb cq]-Øn-se-¶nepw Xncn-®p-]nSn-°p-∂p-sh-∂Xv Bizm-k-I-c-am-Wv. {]knU‚ v D¿Zp- K ms‚ \b߃ {]tZ- i sØ apkvenw-Iƒ°v Gsd klm-b-I-amb \ne-bnem-sW-∂mWv hne-bn-cp-ج.

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

18


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PqX Zmk³ apkvX^ Iam amXr-I-bm-hp-t¼mÄ Jnem-^-Øn-s\bpw AXp-hgn Ckvem-an-s\bpw XI¿°pI F∂ KqV-e£y-am-bn-cp∂p At±-l-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. B \ne°v kwL-S-\-sbbpw AwK-ß-sfbpw apkvX^ ]gp-∏n-s®-Sp-Øp Ae-hn-°p´n ss^kn FS-°c

Dkv a m- \ nbm Jnem- ^ - Ø ns‚ `mKambncp∂ {Koknse temXnI F∂ {KmaØnse Hcp km[m-cW IpSpw-_-Øn-emWv apkvX^ Iam¬ P\n-°p-∂-Xv; 1881˛¬. {]mY-anI hnZym-`ym-kØ - n\p tijw ktem\n-°b - nep≈ ssk\nI kvIqfn¬ tN¿∂p. XpS¿∂v ssk\nI A°m-Z-an-bn¬ e^v‰\‚mbn _ncpZw t\Sn. ]n∂oSv Ckvemw_qfnse anen-´dn A°m-Z-an-bn¬ taP¿ ]Zhn kºm-Zn-®p. apkvX-^-bpsS hf¿®bpw tbmKy-Xbpw Ckvemw-˛-Jn-em^Øv hncp-≤-tI-{µ-߃ t\m´-an-´n-cp-∂psh∂v sXfn-bn-°p-∂X - mWv ]n¬°me kw`h-߃.

Ime-ß-fmbn \ne-\n¬°p∂ Hcp `cW kwhn-[m-\t- Øm-Sv, AXns‚ KpW-t`m-‡m-°f-√m-Ø-h¿°v D≠m-Im-\n-S-bp-≈Xpw Ahcn¬ hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m-s\-fp-∏-amb-Xp-amb hncp-≤-hn-Im-chpw at\m-`m-hhpw apkvX-^bn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv kzm-`m-hn-Ia - m-bn-cn-°mw. ]t£, AXp IqSp-X¬ i‡hpw cp{Z-hp-am°n- b - X n\v ]n∂n¬ Nne- c psS Ic- ß ƒ \∂mbn {]h¿Øn®psh∂v At±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-X-Øn-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ {Kln°m-\m-hpw. `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-fn¬ D≠m-tb°m-hp∂ Nne Zu¿_-ey-߃, tkzOm-[n-]Xy-]-c-amb \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ A∂sØ Dkvam\nb `c-Wm-[n-]≥ kp¬Xzm≥ A_vZp¬ lao- Z nepw Btcm- ] n- ° - s ∏- ´ p. AXn¬ Ak- ¥ p- j v S - \ m- b n- c p∂ apkvX^ F∂ ssk\n-tIm-tZym-Kÿ≥ ]pd-sa-\n∂v kzm[o-\n-°-s∏´-t∏mƒ Xp¿°n-bpsS Ncn{Xw amdpI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. 1905˛¬ Ua-kvI-kn¬ tkh-\a-\p-jvTn-°p∂ ssk\nI Iam‚nte°v \nb-an-°-s∏-´mWv apÿ^ HutZym-KnI PohnXw Bcw-`n-°p∂-Xv. XpS¿∂v D∂-X-amb XkvXnI-Iƒ At±-lsØ tXSn-sb-Øn. t\Xr-]-c-amb Nne hnP-b-߃°v Np°m≥ ]nSn-®-Xv Xp¿°n-Iƒ°nSbn¬ At±-lsØ {]nb-¶-c-\m-bnØo¿Øp. `c- W - t I- { µ- ß - t fmSv CSbp∂ kml- N cyap≠m- s b¶nepw IqSp-X¬ A\p-tbm-Py-amb

AXm-Xp¿Iv apkvX^ Iam¬

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2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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ka-b-Øn-\p-th≠n ImØn-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p apkvX-^. CXn-\Iw Nn-e-cpsS ]mh-bmbn amdnbn-cp-∂psh¶nepw ]pdsa AXns‚ e£-W-ßsfm∂pw {]I-Sn-∏n-°msX AXn-k-a¿∞-ambn `c-W-\-b-tØmSv At±lw cmPn-bm-hp-Ibpw sNbvXp. Dkvam-\nb Jnem-^-Øns‚ Hcp DtZym-Kÿ- \ m- b n- c ns° Xs∂bmWv "A¬h- X z≥ h¬lp¿dn-bØv' F∂ Hcp cl-ky-kwLw At±lw ÿm]n-°p-∂-Xv. Jnem-^-Øn-s\bpw AXp-hgn Ckvem-an-s\bpw XI¿°pI F∂ KqV-e-£y-am-bn-cp∂p At±-l-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂-Xv. B \ne°v kwL-S-\-sbbpw AwK-ßsfbpw apkvX^ ]gp-∏n-s®-Sp-Øp. P\-]n-¥pWbpw s]mXp kzoIm-cy-Xbpw t\Sp∂ hn[Øn¬ At±lw {]h¿Øn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. 1919 hsc-bp≈ apkvX-^-bpsS {]h¿Ø\-ßf - nepw apt∂-‰ß - f - nepw Imcy-amb Ckvemw hntcm[w {]I-S-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. 1916˛¬ {_ntK-Unb¿ P\-d-embn ÿm\-°-b‰w \¬I-s∏-´mWv tIm°kkv Ic-tk\m Xe-h-\mbn \ntbm-Kn°-s∏-´-Xv. AsXmcp \n¿Wm-bI ]Z-hn-bm-bncp- ∂ p. A¿ta- \ n- b ≥ ssk\yhpw djy≥ ssk\n-Icpw tN¿∂v Xp¿°n tk\°v I\Ø BLm- X - t a¬∏n® ka- b - Ø mWv apkv X ^ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-te°v hcp-∂-Xv. XpS¿∂p \S∂ AXn i‡hpw X{¥-]-c-hp-amb \o°-Øn¬ Xp¿°n ta¬t°mbva ÿm]n-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. At±-l-Øn\v IqSp-X¬ kzoIm-cyX t\Sn-s°mSpØp Cu hnP-bw.

Xp¿°nsb Dƒs∏-SpØn hnime {Kokns‚ cq]o-Ic-W-Øn\p {ian® {Ko°v ]S-sbbpw At±-l-Øns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ Xpc-Øn. CsX√mw Iam¬]m-jbpsS AwKo-Im-chpw P\k-Ωn-Xnbpw hf¿Øn. Xp¿°n°v kzbw-`-c-Wm[n-Imcw \¬In-sb-¶nepw Jnem-^Øv Ah-km-\n-∏n°pI F∂-Xn-te°v Imcyß-sf-Øn

kp∂n-thmbvkv

tIm°-k-knse hnP-b-tØmsS apkvX^°v t\csØ ]T-\-an-I-hn\p e`n® Iam¬ F∂ ÿm\-t∏-cns‚ IqsS ]mj F∂ hntijWw IqSn-bm-bn. AwKo-Im-c-Øns‚ D®nbnseØnb apkvX^ Iam-ens\ Ihn-Iƒ hmgvØn-∏m-Sn. Hcp-thf {]kn≤ CuPn]vjy≥ Ihn AlvaZv iuJn apkvX^ Iam-ens\ JmenZp-_v\p¬ heo-Zv(-d)-t\mSv D]-an-°pI t]mepap-≠m-bn. At±lØns‚ D≈n-en-cn∏v F¥msW-∂d - n-bp-∂X - n\p apºm-bn-cp∂p CXv. ]n∂oSv CXv Xncp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. PqX KqVm-tem-N\ C{km- C u- e n¬ PqX- c mjv{Sw A∂p ÿm]n-X-am-bn-cp-∂n-√-. ]t£, hmKvZØ `qansb∂ hnNm-c-Ønepw hnIm-c-Ønepw temI PqX kap-Zmbw Ign-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Aß-s\bmWv ^e-kvXo-\n¬ cmjv{S ÿm]-\-sa∂ tamlw Ah-cn¬ P\n-°p-∂-Xv. 1880˛\p tijw CXv IqSp-X¬ i‡-am-bn. kntbm-Wn-kØ - ns‚ D]-⁄m-Xm-hmb slSvk¬ F∂ PqX ]{X{]- h ¿Ø- I s‚ t\Xr- X z- Ø n¬ 1897˛¬ kzn‰vk¿e-≠nse t_kn-en¬ A¥m-cmjv{S PqX ktΩ-f\w kwL-Sn-∏n-°-s∏-´p. BZysØ kntbm-WnÃv ktΩ-f-\-am-bn-cp-∂p-h-Xv. PqX-cmjv{S-sa∂ kz]v\w ]qh-Wn-bn-°m≥ Bh-iyamb ]≤-Xn-If - p-ambn apt∂m-´p-t]m-hm≥ ktΩf\w Xocp- a m- \ n- ® p. CXn- \ mbn kp¬Xzm≥ A_vZp¬ lao-Zp-ambn sl¿Svk¬ \nc-¥cw _‘-s∏-Sm≥ [mc-W-bm-bn. PqX-∑m¿°v ^ekvXo-\n-te°v IpSn-tb-dm≥ A\p-aXn \¬I-Wsa∂ Bhiyw ]t£, kp¬Xzm≥ \ncm-I-cn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. `c-W-Iq-S-hp-ambn _‘-ap-≈h-scbpw DtZym-Kÿ - s - cbpw Nne Dkvam\n {]apJ-scbpw Iq´n kp¬Xzms‚ apºn¬ Bhiyw D∂-bn-®-t∏mgpw X≈-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn. Ahkm\w {]tZ- i sØ {]apJ PqX- ] - fi n- X s\bpw Iq´n kp¬Xzms\ kao-]n-®p. kmºØnI {]bm-k-a-\p-`-hn-°p∂ JP-\m-hn-te°v henb XpI \¬In klm- b n- ° m- s a∂pw Xp¿°n Jnem-^-Øn-s\-Xnsc ]pdØp \ne\n¬°p∂ FXn¿∏p-Isf t\cn-Sm≥ kl-I-cn°m-sa∂pw hmKvZm\w \¬In. ]pdsa A©v Zi-e£w Xp¿°n eod {]tXyI kΩm-\-ambn kp¬Xzms‚ apºmsI sh°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. F¶nepw kp¬Xzm≥ Cu {]tem- ` - \ ߃s°m-∂pw hg-ßn-bn-√. At±lw Ahsc kZ- n¬ \n∂pw B´n-bn-d° - n-s°m≠v ]d™p: "`qan \ndsb kz¿Ww \¬In-bmepw Rm\nXv kzoI-cn-°n-√. ^e-kvXo≥ Fs‚ DS-a-ÿ-X-bnep≈ ÿe-a-√. AXp Ckvem-anI kaq-lØns‚ apX-em-Wv. apkvenw-Iƒ c‡w \¬In 2014 am¿®v 1˛15

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t\Snb B aÆv hn¬°p∂ {]iv\-an-√. Hcp-]-t£, Fs‚ A[n-Imcw XI¿∂m¬ \n߃°v {]bmk-c-ln-X-ambn Xs∂ AXp In´n-tb-°m-sa-∂-Xv Rm≥ \ntj-[n-°p-∂n-√.' C{X-IqSn kp¬Xzm≥ sNbvXp; PqX-∑m¿ ^e-kvXo-\n-te°v ]em-b\w sNøp-∂Xp hne-°n-s°m≠v hnfw-_cw ]pd-s∏-Sphn-®p. {]tem- ` - \ - ß ƒ sIm≠v kzm[o- \ n- ° m- \ mhmØ Dcp-°p-a-\p-jy-\m-Wn-t±-l-sa∂v CsX√mw sXfn-bn-®p. Ct±-lsØ Iogvs∏-Sp-Øm≥ Jnem^Øv XI¿°pI am{Xta am¿K-ap≈q F∂-v PqX¿ a\- n-em-°n. Aßs\ Jnem-^Øv XI¿°m\pw kp¬Xzms\ ÿm\-{`-jvS\ - m-°m\pw Xocp-am-\n-°pIbpw AXn\v GXp i‡n-I-fp-ambpw tNcm-sa-∂pd-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Ad_v tZio-bX - °pw Xp¿°n tZio-b-X°pw th≠n {]h¿Øn-°p∂ cl-ky-˛-]cky kwL-S\ - I - fpw Ne-\ß - f - p-ah - ¿ D]-tbm-Ks - ∏Sp-Øn. Ah¿°v klmbw sNbvXn-cp∂ {][m\ hn`m-K-am-bn-cp∂ tZm\a {]ÿm-\-hp-ambn Iamen\v \√ _‘-amWv BZyta D≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. `cW-XeØn¬ henb ]nSn-]mSv t\Snb apkvX^ - sb Ah¿ ^e-{]-Za - mbn D]-tbm-Kn®v Imcy-߃ km[n®p. Xp¿°n Jnem-^-Ø-h-km-\n-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ XpSßn, 1948˛¬ ^e-kvXo≥ Iodn-ap-dn®v C{km-Cu¬ cmjv{Sw ÿm]n-°p-∂Xp hsc AsX-Øn-sb-∂XmWv ]n¬°me Ncn-{Xw. X\n-\ndw Im´p-∂p H∂mw temI alm- b p- ≤ - Ø n‚ BZy- L - ´ Øn¬ Xp¿°n ]£-Øp-\n∂v i‡-amb {]I-S\w Imgv N - s h® apkv X ^ Iam¬ X\n°v In´nb AwKo-Im-chpw {]kn-≤nbpw ZpjvS-em-°p-Iƒ°v D]-tbm-Kn-®p-Xp-S-ßn. 1919˛¬ Icn-¶-S¬ XocsØ kmwk-Wn¬ \n∂pw ]pXnb {]Xy£ \o°-am-cw`n-®p. kzmX-{¥y-t∏m-cm-´-sa∂ t]cn¬ \√ P\-]n¥p-Wtbm-sS-bp≈ kacw apt∂m-´p-\o-ßn. CXn\v

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2014 am¿®v 1˛15

Iam¬ ]mj Ad_n `mj ]q¿W-ambpw \ntcm-[n-®p. ]Icw C‰men-b≥ en]nbn¬ Xp¿°n Fgp-Xm-\m-⁄m]n-®p. lnPvd Ie-≠¿ am‰n {KntK-dn-b≥ Ie≠¿ \S-∏m-°n. Xp¿°n sXm∏n \ntcm-[n-®p. knhn¬ \nb-a-Øn¬ Ckvem-ans\ ]msS Hgnhm-°n. JpXp-_bpw hm¶p-sa√mw Xp¿°n `mj-bn-em-°n At±-lØ - n\-\p-Iq-ea - mb Nne Imc-Wßfp≠m-bn. bp≤-Øn¬ Xp¿°n ]cm-P-b-s∏-´XmW-Xv. \n -lm-b-\mb kp¬Xzm\v kJytk-\-bpsS DS-º-Sn-bn¬ H∏p-sh-t°-≠n-h∂p. XpS¿∂v Dkvam-\nbm Jnem-^-Øns‚ A[o-\-X-bn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ Ad_v cmPy-ßsf√mw Xp¿°n Isøm-gn™p. `c- W - X - e - Ø n¬ \S∂ Cu HØpXo¿∏n-s\-Xnsc kzm`m-hn-Ia - mbpw \ne-\n∂ P\-hn-Imcw apkvX^ Iam¬ ^e-{]-Z-ambn D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øn. kzmX-{¥y-k-a-c-Øn¬ P\-߃s°m∏w At±lw kPo-h-ambn ]s¶-Sp-Øp. ]m¿en-sa‚ v Cu DS-º-Sn-s°Xnsc {]tabw ]m m-°n-bmWv ]ncn-™-Xv. Jnem-^Ø - ns‚ Bÿm\ \K-cn°v ]pdØv

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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A¶m-d-bn¬ Zn t{K‰v \mj-W¬ Akwªn F∂ t]cn¬ Kh¨sa‚ v cq]o- I - c n®v At±lw t]mcm´w i‡- a m- ° n. CXns\ XpS¿∂v 1922˛¬ C‰- e nbpw {^m≥kpw Xp¿°nbn¬ hn\y-kn-®n-cp∂ ssk\ysØ ]n≥h-en-®p. Xp¿°nsb Dƒs∏-SpØn hnime {Kokns‚ cq]o-Ic - W - Ø - n\p {ian® {Ko°v ]Ssbbpw At±-l-Øns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ XpcØn. CsX√mw Iam¬]m-j-bpsS AwKo-Imchpw P\-k-Ωn-Xnbpw hf¿Øn. Xp¿°n°v kzbw-`-c-Wm-[n-Imcw \¬In-sb-¶nepw Jnem^Øv Ah- k m- \ n- ∏ n- ° pI F∂- X n- t e°v Imcy-ß-sf-Øn. CXn-\Iw Jnem-^-Øns\ F√m \ne-bnepw At±lw Ah-KW - n-®n-cp-∂p. 1923˛se temk∂ DS-º-Sn-bn-eqsS kJy-I£n- I ƒ Xp¿°n°v kzbw- ` - c Ww \¬InbXns\ XpS¿∂v Dkvam-\nb Jnem^Øv Zp¿_-e-am°n {]Jym-]n-®n-s√-¶nepw ]q¿W-ambpw \njv{In-b-am-°-s∏-´p. 1923 Pqsse-bn¬ kzbw-`-cWw e`n® Xp¿°n PnF≥F ({Km‚ v \mj-W¬ Akwªn) `c- W - L - S - \ - b n¬ ImX- e mb am‰w hcpØn Xp¿°nsb kzX{¥ dn]-ªn-°mbn {]Jym- ] n- ® p. acWw hsc Iam¬ ]mj Xp¿°n {]kn-U‚mbn XpScpIbpw sNbvXp. Xs‚ ]Zhn Dd-∏n-°p-∂X - n-\p-]I - c - n°pw hn[w `cW \nb-a-ßfpw A[n-Imc ]Z-hn-Ifpw cmjv { Sob kwhn- [ m- \ hpw ka- b m- k - a bw At±lw IrXy-ambn {Iao-I-cn-®psIm≠ncp∂p. cmP-Ip-Spw-_mw-K-ßsf \mSp-I-SØpI t]mep≈ Imcy-߃ {]Xy£ cmjv{Sob e£y-tØmsS \S-∏m°pI-bp-ap-≠m-bn. Jnem^Øpw ico-AØpw Xncn-®p-h-cm-Xn-cn-°m\pw AØ-c-Øn-semcp Nn¥ C\n-sbm-cn-°epw Db¿∂p-h-cm-Xn-cn-°m\pw Bflob tI{µßfpw kwhn- [ m- \ - ß fpw aX- N - S - ß p- I fpw Nn”-ßfpw am‰n-a-dn-°-s∏-Sp-Itbm Zp¿_-es∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-Sp-Itbm sNbvXp. Cßs\ aXIo- b - a mb Xp¿°n- b psS Hu∂Xyw F√m \ne°pw At±lw XI¿Øp. 1924˛¬ Jnem-^Øv Zp¿_-e-s∏-Sp-Øn. Ckvemw hncp≤ \nb-a-ßfpw \S-]-Sn-{I-aßfpw Hs∂m-∂mbn hnfw-_-c-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw \nb-a-am-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn \ne- \ n∂ Hcp `c- W - { I- a sØ \in- ∏ n®v ]m›m-Xy-cp-sSbpw hninjym PqX-cp-sSbpw IÆn-ep-Æn-bmbn Iam¬ amdn. Xp¿°nsb kzX{¥ dn]- ª n- ° mbn {]Jym-]n-°p-∂ temk∂ DS-º-Sn-bn¬ {][m\-ambpw hyhÿ sNø-s∏-´Xv \mep-Im-cy-ßfm-Wv. H∂v, Xp¿°n Ckvem-ap-ambn F√m

kp∂n-thmbvkv

aZo-\-bn¬ sh®v \_n (-kz)-bpw kzlm-_Øpw \n¿h-ln®p XpS-ßnb Ad_n JpXp-_tbm, Ckvem-ans\ XI¿°m≥ Iam¬]mj XpS-ßnb Ad-_n-bn-e-√mØ JpXp-_tbm hnizm-knIƒ°v kzo-Im-cyw?

_‘hpw hntO-Zn-°p-I. c≠v, Ckvem-anI Jnem-^Øv ]q¿W-ambpw Zp¿_-e-s∏-Sp-Øp-I. aq∂v , Jeo- ^ - s bbpw Jnem- ^ - Ø ns‚bpw Ckvem-an-s‚bpw klm-bn-I-sfbpw \mSp-I-SØp-I. Jeo-^-bpsS kºØv I≠psI´p-I. \mev, Xp¿°n-bpsS ]c-º-cm-KX \nb-a-߃°p ]Icw ]pXnb \mK-cnI \nb-a-ß-fp-≠m-°p-I. Xp¿°n-bpsS ]nXm-hm-bpw (A-Xm-Xp¿Iv) Iam¬]mj kzbw Ah- t cm- [ n- X - \ m- b n. kp¬Xzm≥ A_vZp¬ lao-Zn-s\-Xnsc PqX-∑m¿ \S-Ønb KqVm-tem-N-\bpw AXn¬ tZm\a PqX- ∑ m- c p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´p {]h¿Øn® apkv X ^ Iamepw GXm\pw h¿j- ß ƒ sIm≠v Jnem-^-Øns‚ \njvIm-k\w km[n®p. ]Xn-sb-∏-Xnsb At±lw GIm-[n-]-Xn-sbt∏mse `c-W-Im-cy-߃ \n¿h-ln°pIbpw ]m¿en- s a‚pw {][m- \ - a - { ¥nbpw ]mh- I - s ft∏mse ]Wn-sb-Sp°pIbpw sNbvXp. Ad_n `mj ]q¿W-ambpw \ntcm-[n-°-s∏´p. ]Icw C‰m-en-b≥ en]nbn¬ Xp¿°n FgpXm-\m-⁄m-]n-®p. lnPvd Ie-≠¿ am‰n {KntKdn-b≥ Ie-≠¿ \S-∏m-°n. Xp¿°n sXm∏n \ntcm-[n-®p. knhn¬ \nb-a-Øn¬ Ckvem-ans\ ]msS Hgn-hm-°n. JpXp-_bpw hm¶p-sa√mw Xp¿°n `mj-bn-em-°n. Xkz-∆p-^ns‚ tI{µßƒ AS-®p-]q-´n. ]pcm-X-\-Ime Ncn-{X-{]-[m\ ]≈n-Iƒ ayqkn-b-ß-fm°n am‰-s∏-´p. Cßs\ ]cn-jvIm-c-ß-fpsS ]ndsI Ckvemw-hn-cp≤ e£yw ]q¿Øo-Ic - n-®p-sIm-≠mWv Iam¬]mj Xp¿°nsb \bn-®-Xv. CsX√mw henb Ncn{X kw`-h-ambn hne-bn-cp-Øn-bmWv Iam¬ ]mjsb-°p-dn-®p≈ ]m›m-Xy≥ Ncn-{X-c-N-\. tIcf-Ønepw IrXy-ambn Iam¬]m-jsb a\- nem-°m-hp∂ cN-\-I-f-psS Ipd-hp-≠v. ap≥ {][m2014 am¿®v 1˛15

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\-a{¥n Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp-hns‚ hniz-Ncn{Xmh-tem-I\w Hcp ]cn-jvIm-c-sa∂ \nebn-emWXns\ t\m°n-°m-Wp-∂-Xv. s]mfn-®S-°-s∏´ kwkvIm-cØns‚ thZ-\ am\n-°s∏-Sp-∂n-√. F¶nepw B ]cn-jvIm-c-ß-fn-e-Sßnb Ckvemw hncp-≤-Xsb apkvenw Ncn-{XIm-c-∑m¿ Cg-]n-cn®v hnh-cn-®n-´p-≠v. Ckvem-ans‚ Bflo-b-amb ^e-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw hnizm-kn-Isf AI-‰n-\n¿Øp-∂-Xn\mbn ]e-cn¬ \n∂pw IS-sa-SpØ Bi-b߃ kwtbm- P n- ∏ n®v AIv _ - d ns‚ Zos\ Cemln t]mse-bp≈ H∂v Ah-X-cn-∏n-°pI F∂ e£y-Øn-em-Wn-h¿ {]h¿Øn®-sX∂v a\- n-em-°m-\m-hpw. Iq´-Øn¬ Ckvem-ans‚ `mj-bmb Ad-_nsb ]q¿W-ambn \ncm-I-cn°m≥ km[n-°mØ hn[w AXv Bcm-[-\-Ifn¬ \neo-\a - m-bn-cn-°p-∂X - n-\m¬ Xmc-Xt- ay\ BI¿j-I-amb Hcp hmZw F∂ \ne-bn¬ JpXp- _ sb IS- ∂ p- ] n- S n- ® n- c n- ° p- I - b m- W v ]mjsb NmWn\v NmWv ]n¥p-S-cp∂ as‰mcp Iq- ´ ¿. C∆n- j - b - Ø n¬ Ah¿°v amXrI Iam¬]m- j - b m- s W∂v ImWmw. ImcWw ]mj°v apºv apkvenw temI-Øm-sc-¶nepw Ad- t _- X c `mj- b n¬ JpXp_ \n¿hln®Xn\p sXfn- h n- √ . CXv ]ptcm- K - a \ Ckvemw hmZ-°m-cpsS t\Xmhv dioZvcnfm

23

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

Xs∂ kΩ-Xn-®-Xm-Wv (X-^vko-dp¬ a\m¿ 9/313 ImWp-I). aZo-\-bn¬ sh®v \_n(-kz)-bpw kzlm_Øpw \n¿h- l n®p XpS- ß nb Ad_n JpXp- _ tbm Ckv e m- a ns\ XI¿°m≥ Iam¬]mj XpS-ßnb Ad-_n-bn-e-√mØ JpXp-_tbm hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v kzo-Im-cyw. BgvN-bn-sem-cn-°¬ hnizm-kn-Iƒ ktΩfn-® Bflo-b-amb ssNX-\yhpw Bthihpw t\tS≠ Hcp alm- I ¿asØ {]kwKw F∂-Xn-te°p Npcp-°n AXns‚ Bflmhv tNm¿Øn- b m¬ kw`- h n°p∂sX¥m-bn-cn-°pw. Bflo-b-\m-ihpw Bflob tI{µ-ßt- fm-Sp≈ kao-]\ - Ø - nse hogvNbpw ]X-\hpw Xs∂. CXp-X-s∂-bmbn- c p∂p AXm- X p¿°ns‚ e£y- h pw. ]n¬°me ]cn-jvIm-cn-Ifpw Cu hgn-sbbmWv t]mb-Xv. kwkvIm-c-iq-\y\pw Ckvemw hncp≤\pw ]m›m-Xy≥ ]mhbpw kzm¿∞-\mb tkzOm-[n-]-Xn-bp-sams°bmbn IS-∂p-h∂ AXm- X p¿°ns\ Npa- t °≠ KXn- t ISv hnizm-kn-Iƒ°n-√. Iam-ens‚ kmwkvImcnI Pohn-X-Øns‚ hrØn-lo-\X Ncn{Xw ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p-≠v. AXv hnh-cn-°m≥ Ad°pw-hn[w Po¿W-am-Wv.

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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Ncn-{X-Im-c-·m-À a-d-¶

hm-cn-b³ Ip¶³ C¥y I≠ alm≥am-cmb kzmX{¥y kac t]mcm-fn-I-fn¬ Hcm-fm-bn-cp∂p hmcnb≥ Ip∂Øv Ip™-l-ΩZv lmPn. Km‘n-bptSbpw ju°-Ø-en-bp-tSbpw {]kwK-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw Du¿÷w kw`-cn®m-bn-cp∂p At±lw Jnem-^Øv {]ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂-Xv A¬Xzm^v ]n. ]Xn-\m-dp-߬

kp∂n-thmbvkv

"Ah-km-\a - mbn \n߃°v h√ B{K-l-hp-ap-t≠m..?' ""R߃ am∏n- f - a m¿ PohnXw am{X- a - √ , ac- W hpw A¥-t msS thWsa-∂m-{K-ln°p-∂-h-cm-Wv. \n߃ Cw•o-jpIm¿ in£n-°p-∂-h-cpsS IÆpw Imepw sI´n ]n∂n¬ \n∂pw shSn- s h®p sIm√p- I - b mWv ]Xnsh∂v tI´n´p≠v. Aßs\ A]- a m- \ - I - c - a mb acWw G‰phmßm≥ F\n-°m-{Kl--an-√. IÆp-sI-´msX ap∂n¬ \n∂v s\©nte°v shSnsh- ° - W w. Aßs\ BWp-- ß - s f- t ∏mse acn-°-W-sa∂v Rm≥ B{K-ln°p-∂p.''

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

24


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A`y¿∞-\ tImSXn kzoI-cn-°p-Ibpw A`n- e m- j - a - \ p- k - c n®v s\©- t Ø°v shSnsh°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. At∏mgpw B IÆp-I-fn¬ {_n´ojv `c-W-tØm-Spf-f ASßmØ Acniw Nph∂p XpSn®v \n¬°p∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. `ocphmbn acn-°p-∂-Xn-t\mSp t]mepw ]Ss]mcpXn A¥- mbn c‡-km-£nXzw hcn® Ah-km\ t]mcm´w. Xncn®p \n¿Øn ]nd-In-te°p shSn-sh-°p-∂Xv {_n´o-jpIm¿°v am∏n-f-am-tcm-Sp≈ `bw sIm≠mbn-cp-∂p. B `bw acn-°p∂ \nan-jhpw ImWm-\mWv hmcn-b≥Ip∂Øv Ip™-lΩZv lmPn \nh¿∂v \n∂v, ssIhn-d-°msX s\©-tØ°v \nd-sbm-gn-°m≥ I¬∏n®Xv. Xo¿®! tXm°n¬ hnc-e-a¿Øn-b-t∏mƒ "_m‰dn' F∂ hmcn-b≥Ip∂≥ Hm∏-tdj≥ sk√nse `S\v ssIhn-d-®n-cn°pw. hmcn- b ≥Ip∂s‚ s\©n- t e- ° - √ msX hnπhw XpSn-°p∂ B apJtØ°v Hcmh¿Øn t\m°m≥ `S\v ss[cy-ap-d-®n-cn-°n√. Imc-Ww, tXm°n\p ap∂n-ep-≈Xv hnπh ]pcp-j\m-Wv. hmcn-b≥Ip∂Øv Ip™l-ΩZv lmPn. ac-W-Øns‚ ap∂nepw hnd®n- √ , ]X- d n- b n- √ , ss[cytØmsS Htc \n¬∏v . I\- a p≈ hm°p- I ƒ. aÆpw a\ pw \n›-ea - mb \nan-jw. tTm...! _m‰dn `Ss‚ K¨ shSn- b p≠ Xp∏n. s\©p Xpf®v c‡w am∏nf aÆns\ Npw_n-®p.

Ip™lΩZv lmPn-s°Xnsc {_n´ojv ]´m-ft°m-S-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n°-s∏´ 24- t]-Pp≈ Ip‰]-{X-Øn¬ Fhn-sSbpw At±lw lnµp-°sftbm t£{X-ßsftbm A{I-an-®-Xmbn ]d-™n-´n-√. ]t£, k¿°m¿ Hm-^o-kp-Ifpw tdmUp-Ifpw sdbn¬∏m-fß-fp-sams° XI¿ØXmbn ]d-™n-´p-ap-≠v

25

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

shSn-bp≠ s\©n¬ Xd-®t∏mƒ "A√mlp AIv - _ ¿' F∂ hnip- ≤ - h mIyw D®- c n®p sIm≠mWv B [oc tZim-`n-am-\n c‡-km£nXzw hcn-®-Xv. arX- t Z- l hpw AtXm- s Sm∏w kzX{¥ am∏nf k¿°m-dns‚ Aaqey tcJ-I-f-S-ßp∂ ac-s∏-´nbpw s]t{Sm-sfm-gn®v Xo sh®p IØn®p. {_n´ojv km{am-Py-Xz-Øn\v Gd-\m-S≥ Xmeq-°p-I-fn¬ Bdp-amkw Ah[n sImSpØv kz¥w \ne-bn¬ ]mkvt]m¿´pw \nIpXn k{ºZm-bhpw G¿s∏-Sp-Ønb kam¥c `c-W-Iq-SØns‚ \mb-I-\mbncp∂p hmcn-b≥Ip-∂≥. arX--tZ-lhpw s]´nbpw apgp-h≥ sh¥p shÆodmbn F∂p- d - ∏ mIpw hsc \qdp {_n´ojv ssk\n-Isc Imh¬ \n¿Øn-bn-cp-∂p. aq∂p aWn-°q¿ t\csØ Fcn-®n-en\p tijw _m‰dn hnwKv _mc-°-n-te°p aS-ßn. Ncn-{Xw ad∂ Zn\w 1922 P\p-hcn 20. 92 h¿jw apºv C¥y≥ kzmX{¥ykac Ncn-{X-Ønse alm-\mb hnπh-Imcn iloZv hmcn--b≥Ip-∂Øv lmPnsb ae∏pdw tIm´-°p--∂ns‚ apI-fn¬ sh®v {_n´o-jpIm¿ shSn-sh®p sIm∂Xv A∂mWv. kzmX{¥y-k-ac Ncn-{X-Øn¬ Xpey-X-bn-√mØ khnti-j-X-I-fp≈ [oc t]mcm-fn-bm-bn-cp∂p hmcnb≥Ip-∂≥. F¶nepw C¥ym cmPy-Øns‚ kzmX-{¥y-k-acNcn{Xw CXp-hsc Fgp-Xnb Bÿm\ Ncn-{X-Im-c≥amtcm at‰m 1921˛¬ ae_m- d n¬ \S∂ hnπ- h sØ Ipdnt®m B hnπhw \bn® t\Xm-°sf Ipdnt®m Ah¿ tamNn-∏n-s®-SpØv kam-¥c - ` - c - Ww \S-Ønb 200Hmfw hnt√-Pp-I-fn¬ \ne-\n∂ `c-W-Iq-SsØ Ipdnt®m am\y-ambn Hc-£-chpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønbn-´n-√. h√Xpw ]d-™n-´p-s≠-¶n¬, tcJ-s∏Sp-Øn-bn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ AXv Cu kw`-h-ßsf Ipdn®v `mhn-bn¬ P\߃ Fßs\ a\- n-em°-W-sa∂ {_n´ojpIm-cpsS πm≥ {]Imcw Ah-tl-fn-°p∂ hn[-Ønembn-cp-∂p. IS¬ IS∂p h∂- h ¿ Xncn- ® p- t ]m- I ptºmƒ P∑n˛\m-Sp-hm-gn-Iƒ°pw Ah-tcmSp tN¿∂p \n¬°p∂ 20 i - X - a - m\tØmfw hcp∂ kh¿W¿°pw \mSp-`-cn-°m≥ Ah-kcw thWsa∂, kzmX-{¥y-k-acØnse Hcp `mKw t\Xm°-fpsS Zpcm-{K-l-tØmSp FXncp \n∂-XmWv 1921˛se ka-c-Øn\p ]n∂n-ep≈ Imc-Ww. Cu FXn-¿∏mWv am∏nf kJm-°sf kzmX-{¥y-kacØns‚ `mK- a m- ° mt\m t\Xr- \ n- c - b n¬ FÆmt\m Iq´m-°msX shdpw am∏n-f-e-l-fbmbn HXp-°m≥ Ncn-{X-Im-c-∑msc t{]cn-∏n®Xpw hmcn-b≥Ip-∂-s\-t∏m-temØ [octZ-im-

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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hmcn-b≥ Ip∂≥ Hfn-hn¬ Xma-kn®ncp∂ ]md-˛-I-cp-hm-c-°p≠v

`n-am-\n-Isf Ncn-{X-Øm-fp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw Xa-kv°-cn-®Xpw. ae-_m¿ kzmX-{¥y-k-acsØ Hcp am∏nf-I-em-]-am°n am{Xw Npcp-°m\pw sX‰n- ≤ - c n- ∏ n- ° m\pw {ian® am[- h ≥ \mb¿°p t]mepw hmcn-b≥Ip-∂s-- \--∏‰n \√sXgp- t X≠n h∂p. "1857- e p- ≠ mb C¥y≥ in]mbn el- f °p tijw {_n´ojv Kh¨sa‚pw C¥y-°m-cp-am-bpap≈ kwL--´ - \ - ß - f n¬ sh®v G‰hpw Kw`oc- a mb ae- _ m¿ Iem- ] - Ø n¬ Kh¨sa‚ns‚ FXn-cm-fn-I-fn¬ A{K--KWy- \ m- b n- c p∂p Ip™l- Ω Zv lmPn'. ]t£, hm- c n- b ≥Ip- ∂ s\ Ncn- { X- I m- c ∑mcpw {_n´o-jp-Imcpw h¿Ko-b-hm-Znbpw aX-{`m--¥\ -- p-am-bn-´mWv Nn{Xo-I-cn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. ae-bm--fn-I-fmb kzmX-{¥y-k-ac Ncn-{X-Imc-∑m¿ t]mepw Cu \ne kzoI-cn®XnemWv A¤pXw. aX-ku-lm¿Zw Ip™lΩZv lmPn- s °- X nsc {_n´ojv ]´m-f-t°m-S-Xn-bn¬ ka¿∏n-°s∏´ 24- t]-Pp≈ Ip‰-]-{X-Øn¬ FhnsSbpw At±lw lnµp-°-sftbm t£{Xß-sftbm A{I-an-®-Xmbn ]d-™n-´n-√. ]t£, k¿°m¿ Hm-^o-kp-Ifpw tdmUp-

kp∂n-thmbvkv

Ifpw sdbn¬∏m-f-ß-fp-sams° XI¿Ø-Xmbn ]d-™n-´p-ap-≠v. AsX√mw lmPn kΩ-Xn-°pIbpw sNb-Xn-´p-≠v. hnπ-hI - m-eØv sIm≈ \SØp- I bpw kv { XoIsf A]- a m- \ n- ° p- I bpw sNbvX am∏n-f-am-sc lmPn hnNm-cW sNbvXv in£n-®-Xmbn tcJbp-≠v. hmcn-b≥Ip∂s‚ am∏n- f - t k- \ - b psS \mb- I ≥ Xs∂ ]m≠n°ms´ \mcm-b-W≥ \ºoi\m-bn-cp-∂p. lmPn \n¿_-‘nX aX]-cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn\v XnI®pw FXn-cm-bn-cp-∂p. at©-cn-bnse \ºq-Xncn _m¶v sIm≈ sNøm-\p≈ {iahpw \ne-ºq¿ tImhne-I-tØ°v AXn-{I-an®p Ibdm\p≈ {iahpw at©cn JPm\ s]mfn-°m-\p≈ {iahpw lmPn IWn-i-ambn FXn¿Øn-cp-∂p-sh∂v kl-{]h¿Ø-I¿ ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. {_n´ojv `c-W-tØmSp≈ {]- X n- I mcw am{Xambn- c p∂p At±- l Øns‚bpw a‰p ae-_m¿ kac t\Xm-°-fpsSbpw a\- n¬. adn®v hmcn-b≥Ip-∂≥ aXXo- { h- h m- Z ntbm s]mXp {]h¿Ø\ hntcm[ntbm Bbncp∂n-√. A∂sØ sU]yq´n Ie-IvS¿ kn. tKm]me≥ \mb¿ lmPnsb Ipdn®v ]d-™Xv: ""lnµp°-fpsS cm-Pmhpw apl-Ω-Zo-b-cpsS Aaodpw Jnem-^Xv tk\-bpsS tIW-ep-am-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p hmcn-b≥Ip∂≥ Na-™n-cp-∂-Xv.'' 1921 BKÃn¬ Xncq-cß - mSn Iem-]m-\¥ - cw Ben-ap-kvenbmsc c£n-°m≥ th≠n B\-°b - Øp \n∂pw 2014 am¿®v 1˛15

26


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Bdm- b n- c Øne[nIw Jnem- ^ Xv t]mcm- f nIƒs°m∏w ]pd- s ∏´ lmPn- b psS IqsS A™q-dn-e-[nIw lnµp-°-fp-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂v k¿Zm¿ Nt{µmØv Bfl-I-Y-bn¬ ]d-bp- ∂ p- ≠ v. B Ime- L - ´ - Ø nse F√m Nn¥m[mc-I-sfbpw ASpØp ]cn-N-b-s∏-´ Hcp _- l p- a pJ {]Xn- ` - b m- b n- c p∂p lmPn. Kmc_mƒ´n-bp-sSbpw Da¿ap-JvXm-dn-s‚bpw sNKpth-c-bp-sSbpw ka-io¿j-\m-bn-cp∂p ae-_m¿ alm ka- c - Ø ns‚ Cu \Sp- \ m-- b - I ≥. `KXv k nwKn\pw kp`mjv N{µ- t _m- k n\pw kzmX-{¥y-ka - c - N - c - n-{X-Øn-ep≈ ÿm\w Xs∂-

ae-_m¿ kzmX-{¥y-k-acsØ Hcp am∏nf-I-em-]-am°n sX‰n≤-cn-∏n-°m≥ {ian® am[-h≥ \mb¿°p t]mepw hmcn-b≥Ip∂--s\--∏‰n \√sXgp-tX≠n h∂p. "1857-ep-≠mb C¥y≥ in]mbn el-f°p tijw {_n´ojv Kh¨sa‚pw C¥y°m-cp-am-bp-ap≈ kwL--´-\-ßfn¬ sh®v G‰hpw Kw`oc-amb ae-_m¿ Iem-]-Øn¬ Kh¨sa‚ns‚ FXn-cm-fn-Ifn¬ A{K--K-Wy-\m-bn-cp∂p Ip™l-ΩZv lmPn'

27

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

bmWv Cu Gd-\m-´nse kp¬-Øm\pap≈Xv. PohnXw, Ncn{Xw s\√n-°p-Ønse N°n-∏-d-º≥ sambvXo≥ Ip´n-lm-Pn-bp-sSbpw Xp∆q¿ ]d-h-´n¬ Ip™mbn-ib - p-sSbpw aI-\mbn 1873˛emWv hmcn-b≥Ip∂Øv P\n-°p-∂-Xv. ]S-Ø-e-h≥am-cp-sSbpw \m´p--aq-∏-∑m-cp-sSbpw [\mVy ]mcºcy- IpSpw_-am-bn-cp∂p N°n-∏-d-º≥. 1894¬ Cw•o-jpIm¿s°-Xnsc \S∂ aÆm¿°mSv bp≤-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-Ø-Xn\v sambvXo≥ Ip´n lmPnsb {_n´ojv tImSXn A¥-am-\n-te-°v \mSp-IS- Ø - n. amXr- h o- ´ n- e m--b n- c p∂p Ip™- l - Ω Zv lmPn ]n∂oSv hf¿∂-Xv. kvIqfn¬ \n∂v Cw•ojpw aebm-fhpw \∂mbn A`y-kn®p. bphm- h m- b - t ∏mƒ s\√n- ° pØv ]e- N - c °v IS XpS-ßn. AXn-\nsS kmaqly tkh\ cwKØpw kzmX- { ¥y- k - a - c apJØpw kPo- h ambn. 1896˛se {_n´ojv hncp-≤I- e m- ] - ß - f nse km∂n[ywaqew k¿°m¿ At±lsØ a°-bn-te°v \mSpI- S - Ø n. AXn- \ nsS t_mws_- b n¬ \n∂pw lnµn, Ad- _ n, D¿Zp, t]¿jy≥ `mj-I-f-`y-kn®p. 1905˛¬ aq∂p l÷pw Ign™v lmPn s\√n-°pØn¬ Xncn-s®-Øn. Benap-kvenbm¿ lmPn-bpsS Kpcphpw am¿K-Z¿inbp-am-bn-cp-∂p. 1914˛¬ \mem-asØ l÷pw Ign™v Xncn-s®-Øn-b-t∏m-tg°pw lmPn Hcp ISpØ {_n´ojv hntcm-[n-bmbn amdn-bn-cp-∂p. 1921 BKÃv 20˛\v Ie-IvS¿ tXma-kv, ln®v tIm°v XpS-ßn-b-h¿ Xncq-c-ßm-Sn-bn¬ sh®v Ben-ap-kven-bm-cp-sSbpw hmcn-b≥Ip-∂-s‚bpw tk\-tbmSv tXmt‰m--Sn-bt- ∏mƒ "e≠≥ ssSwkv' Fgp-Xn-bXv "ae-_m-dn¬ Cw•ojv `cWw Ahkm-\n®p' F∂m-bn-cp-∂p. {_n´s\ \mWw sISp-Ønb hnπ-h-Imcnsb Poh-t\msS ]nSn-Iq-Sm≥ {_n´ojv ]m¿esa‚pw cm⁄nbpw B⁄m-]n-®p. XpS¿∂v {_n´ojv C¥y-bnse C‚-en-P≥kv ta[mhn tamdnkv hneywkv ae-∏p-d-sØ-Øn, ae-_mdns‚ ]e tI-{µ-ß-fn¬ hn\y-kn® ]´m-fsØ samØw \ne-ºq-cnepw ]m≠n-°m´pw HXp-°n\n¿Øn. F√m ]´mf bqWn-‰n¬ \n∂pw ]Øv hoXw `S-∑msc sh®v hmcn-b≥Ip∂≥ Hm∏-

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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hm-cn-b≥Ip-∂s\ Ncn{X-Im-c-∑mcpw {_n´ojp-Imcpw h¿Ko-b-hmZnbpw aX-{`m--¥-\p-am-bn´mWv Nn{Xo-I-cn-®n-´p≈-Xv. ae-bm--fn-I-fmb kzmX-{¥y-k-ac Ncn{X-Im-c-∑m¿ t]mepw Cu \ne kzoIcn®XnemWv A¤pXw

td-j≥ sk¬ cq]o-I-cn®v "_m‰dn' F∂p t]cn´p. _m‰dn `S-∑m¿ Iymºv sNbvXv ]cn-io-e-\߃ \S-Øn. F∂n´pw hmcn-b≥Ip∂-s\∂ H‰ am∏n- f sb A¥- mbn ]nSn- ° m≥ \qdp Ihn™ Bbp[ k÷- c mb `S- ∑ m¿°pw {_n´ojv ]´mf ta[m-hn-Iƒ°pw Ign-™n√. ]Xn-s\-´-Shpw ]b‰n ]cm-P-b-s∏´-t∏m-gmWv Ah¿ NXn {]tbm-K-Øn-eqsS lmPnsb ]nSnIq-Sn-b-Xv. D‰ kplr-Ømb DWymen apkvenbmsc sX‰n≤-cn-∏n-®mWv (lm-Pnsb ]nSn-IqSn a°bn-te°v \mSp-I-S-Øm-\mWv, sIm√m-\-√) lmPn-bmsc Iam-t‚m-I-ƒ hf™v an∂-em-{IaWw \S-Øn-b-Xv. hmcn-b≥ Ip∂≥ DWymen apkven-bm-cpsS IqsS Akz¿ \a-kvI-cn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. tIhew Ccp-]-tØgv AWn-I-fpambn Ah-km-\ \nan-jhpw t]mcmSn c‡-km£nXzw kz]v\w I≠n-cp∂ lmPn hn[n ssh]coXw sIm≠v am{X-amWv ]´m-ft°mS-Xn°v ap∂ns-eØ - n-bXv. hnNm-cW - b - n-ep-S\ - ofw ss[cy ktaXw Cw•o-jn¬ Xs∂bm-bncp∂phs{X adp-]Sn ]d-™n-cp-∂-Xv. aq¿®bp≈ hm°p-Iƒ "h©-\-bnepw Im]-Sy-Ønepw \nß-fpsS anSp°v kΩ-Xn-®n-cn-°p∂p. C≥kvs]-IvS¿ cma\m-Yø¿ hiw sImSp-Ø-b®, am∏v X∂v a°bn-te-°b - ° - m-sa∂v hmKvZm\w sNbvXp-sIm≠v Xm¶-sf-gp-Xnb IØv Fs∂ A¤p-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øn. h©n-°pI F∂ e£y-Øn-\p-th≠n `qanbnse G‰hpw ]cn-ip-≤hpw ]pWym-fl-I-hpamb a°- b psS t]cv Xm¶ƒ D≤- c n- ® Xv kzm¿∞-Xb - mWv. Rm≥ \mep XhW a°-bn¬ t]mhp-Ibpw ]e- h¿j-߃ AhnsS Xma-kn°p-Ibpw Hcp ]mSv XhW l÷p-I¿a-ß-ƒ \n¿h- l n- ® - X p- s ams° t\cn- ´ - d n- b m- h p∂,

kp∂n-thmbvkv

Fs∂bpw Fs‚ IpSpw-_-tØ-bp-sams° Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn ]Tn-®-dn™v {_n´o-jp-Im-cs\∂ \ne°v Xm¶sfs∂ {]tem-`n-∏n-°m≥ th≠n a°- b psS t]cp- ≤ - c n- ® Xv hfsc XcwXmWp -t]m-bn. Rm≥ a°-bn-e√ ]nd∂-Xv. ChnsS hntc-Xn-lm-kß - ƒ cNn-°s - ∏´ Cu Gd-\m-S≥ aÆn-emWv. Chn-sS-Øs∂ acn-°p-Ibpw Cu aÆn¬Øs∂ ebn®p tNc- W - s a∂v A`n- e - j n- ° p- ∂ - h \p- a mWv Rm≥. \nß-fpsS ASn-a-Xz-Øn¬ \n∂v Nneam- k - ß - s f- ¶ nepw tamNn- ∏ n- ° s∏´ Cu aÆn¬ acn-®p-ho-gm≥ F\n°n-t∏mƒ kt¥mj-ap-≠v. \n߃ Xncn-®p-]n-Sn-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-I Xs∂-bm-Wv. ]t£ ]q¿W-ambpw \nßfpsS B[n- ] Xyw ]p\xÿm- ] n- ° m≥ C\nbpw amk- ß ƒ ]nSn- ° pw. Ct∏mƒ XnI®pw kzX-{¥-amWo aÆv.'' Cu hm°p- I ƒ°v {_n´ojv ]´m- f Øns‚ _b-W-‰n-t\-°mƒ aq¿—-bm-bn-cp-∂p. {_n´ojv ]´m-f-Øns‚ BK-a\w apJw Nph∏n® hnπh t]mcm-fn-bpsS {]Jym-]-\-am-bncp-∂p AXv. C¥y I≠ G‰hpw alm≥am- c mb kzX{¥y kac t]mcm-fn-I-fn¬ Hcm-fm-bncp∂p hmcnb≥ Ip∂Øv Ip™- l - Ω Zv lmPn. Km‘n- b p- t Sbpw ju°- Ø - e n- b ptSbpw {]kw-K-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw Du¿÷w kw`-cn-®m-bn-cp∂p At±lw Jnem-^Øv {]ÿm-\-Øn¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. A\nhmcyamb L´-Øn¬ At±lw kmbp[ kac-Øn\pw Xøm-dmbn F∂-XmWv kXyw. F∂m¬ CsXm∂pw kXy-k-‘-ambn Ncn{X-Øn¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´n√ F∂Xv tJZI-c-am-Wv. {_n´ojp-Imcpw Ah-cpsS kn¬_‘n-Ifpw Fgp-Xn-sh® hntcm-[m-`m-k-߃ Ncn-{X-am-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. ]t£, kXy-k-‘-ambn Ncn{Xw ]Tn-°p∂ GsXmcmƒ°pw tIcfw I≠ anI® kzmX{¥y kactk\m\n Xs∂- b m- b n- c p∂p lmPn F∂v kΩ-Xn-t°-≠n-h-cpw. At±-l-Øns‚ 92 Nca hm¿jn-I-߃ ]n∂n-´n´pw B cmPy kvt\ln°v DNn-X-amb Hcp kvamcIw ]Wnbmt\m ]£-]m-X-c-ln-X-amb Ncn{Xw tcJs∏-Sp-Ømt\m Bbn-´n-s√∂ kXyw \sΩ Atem-k-c-s∏-Sp-tØ-≠-Xp-≠v. d^-d≥kv: 1. ae-_m¿ Iem]w, Fw. KwKm-[c≥ 2. ae-_m¿ elf 3. Jnem-^Øv kvac-W-Iƒ 4. tZim-`n-am\n 1946 BKÃv 25, tIcf apkvenw Ub-d-IvS-dn. 5. tIm¨{K pw tIc-fhpw, F. sI ]n≈ 6. Imew Im¬∏m-SpIƒ, ]n. Fw. F K^q¿

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

28


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Xncp-ZÀi-\-¯nsâ {]am-W-]£w dufm ico-^n¬ \n∂p {]hm-N-I¿(-kz)-bpsS kpK-‘-]q-cn-X-amb ]hn{X ssI ]pd-tØ°v \ofp∂p. ssiJv cn^mCu(d) AXv Bthmfw Bkz-Zn-°p-∂p. sXmÆq-dm-bn-c-tØmfw hcp∂ P\-k-©b-Øn\p ap∂n-em-WnXv \S-°p-∂-Xv Camw kpbq-Yn(-d)/hnh: I¬Ød A_vZp¬Jm-Zn¿ Zmcnan

ssiJv cn^m-Cu(-d)\p t\sc Xncp-ZqX¿(-kz) ssI\o-´n-bXpw At±lw AXp Npw_n®p kwXr-]vX-\m-bXpw Gsd {]kn≤-am-Wv. CXp kw_-‘-am-bp≈ At\z-jW-Øn\p hni-Zo-I-c-W-ambn Camw kpbq-Yn(d) cNn® "A»-d-^p¬ aplØw' F∂ eLpIr-Xn-bpsS Bib hnh¿Ø-\-am-Wn-Xv.

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2014 am¿®v 1˛15

Xncp-\-_n(-kz)bpw a‰p {]hm-N-Icpw Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂h - c - m-sW-∂Xv Ahn-X¿°nXhpw {]mam-Wn-Ih - p-am-Wv. lZo-kp-If - psS CXp-kw-_-‘n-bmb hnhn[ dnt∏m¿´pIƒ kzlo-lmbn h∂n-´p-ap-≠v. {]hm-NI-∑m¿ Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h-cm-sW-∂-Xns\ kw_-‘n®v Rms\mcp kzX{¥ IrXn

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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cNn-®n-´p-≠v. AXn¬ hni-Zo-I-cn® ka{K {]amW-ß-fn¬ NneXp am{Xw ChnsS tN¿°mw. C_v\p A∫m-kv(-d)-hn¬ \n∂v \nth-Z\w: "\_n(- k z)˛Ckv d m- C s‚ cm{Xn- b n¬˛aqk \_n(-A)s‚ J_vdn-\-cn-In-eqsS \S-∂p. aqk \_n(-A) J_vdn¬ \n∂v \nkvI-cn®p sIm≠ncn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p' (apkvenw/2375). A\-kv(-d)¬ \n∂v \nth-Z\w: "\n›bw \_n(-kz) ]d™p: {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ Ah-cpsS J_vdp-If - n¬ Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂h - cmWv' (ap-kv\Zv A_o bAvem/3425). Xncp-\-_n(-kz)°v \p_p-∆-Xn\v ]pdsa ilm-Z-Øns‚ ÿm\hpw e`n-®n-´p-s≠-∂Xv Camw _pJm-cnbpw ss_l-Jnbpw BC-i(-d)bn¬ \n∂v \nth-Z\w sNøp∂ lZokv sXfnbn-°p-∂p. AXn-ßs\: "\_n(-kz) tcmK-i-øbn¬ ]d™p sIm≠n-cp∂p: ssJ_-dn¬ \n∂v Rm≥ cpNn-®p-t\m-°nb (hnjw Ie¿Øn-b) `£-W-Øns‚ thZ\ Rm≥ A\p-`-hn-°p-∂p≠v. AXv Imc-W-ambn Fs‚ I¨T-\mSn apdnbp∂ ka-b-am-WnXv' (_p-Jmcn/4165). \_n(-kz) c‡-km-£n-bm-sW∂p h∂m¬ hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\nse A√m-lp-hns‚ am¿KØn¬ sIme sNø-s∏-´-hsc acn-®-h-cm-sW∂v \o hnNm-cn-°-cp-Xv. Ah¿ Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-hcpw d∫n-s‚-b-Sp-°¬ D∂X ÿm\o-b-cpw `£Ww \¬I-s∏-Sp-∂h - c - p-am-sW∂ (B-ep-Cw-dm≥/169) kq‡-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Xs∂ \_n(kz) Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h-cm-sW∂v ÿnc-s∏-Spw. Pohn-®n-cn-°pI F∂ _lp-aXn ipl-Zm°ƒ°p-s≠-¶n¬ B ÿm\w sIm≠v Ahtc- ° mƒ _‘- s ∏- ´ - h - c mWv Aºn- b m- ° ƒ F∂Xv hy‡-am-W-t√m. \ΩpsS \_n(-kz) \_n-am-cn¬ G‰hpw t{ijvT-cm-Wp-Xm-\pw. apgph≥ {]hm-N-I-∑mcpw Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h-cm-sW∂Xv a‰p sXfn-hp-I-fmepw ÿnc-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. \_n(-kz) Ah-cn¬ ]e-scbpw \nkvI-cn-°p-∂Xmbn I≠n-´p-≠v. \ΩpsS kzemØv {]hm-NI¿(-kz)-bpsS ta¬ shfn-hm-°-s∏-Sp-sa∂pw \ΩpsS kem- a n\v Ahn- S p∂v {]Xyp- Ø cw sNøp-sa∂pw dkq¬(-kz) ]d-™n-´p-≠v. Camw- _m-d-kn(-d) tNmZn-°-s∏´p: \_n(kz) h^m-Xm-\¥ - cw Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂h - c - mtWm? At±lw adp-]Sn ]d™p: AtX,- A-hn-Sp∂v Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. kCu-Zp-_v\p¬ apk-ø-_v(-d)-b-ko-Zp_v\p apB-hnbbpsSbpw A_vZp-√m-ln_v\p l≥-feXn¬ A≥km-cn-bpsSbpw ssk\y-߃°n-Sbn¬ lnPvd 63˛¬ aZo-\-Xp¬ ap\-∆-d-bpsS Ing°p `mK-Øp≈ l¿d F∂ ÿe-Øp-sh®v

kp∂n-thmbvkv

`oI-c-amb bp≤w \S∂ L´-Øn¬ kCu-Zp_v\p¬ apk-ø_v(d) \nkvIm-c-Øns‚ kabw Adn-™n-cp-∂Xv \_n(-kz)-bpsS J_vdn¬ \n∂v tI´ t\¿Ø i_vZw sIm≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kpss_-dp_v\p _°m¿ AJv_m-dp¬ aZo-\bn¬ kCu- Z p_v \ p¬ apk- ø n- _ n¬ \n∂v dnt∏m¿´v sNøp-∂p. At±lw ]d™p: l¿d Zn\-ß-fn¬ Xncp-\-_n(-kz)-bpsS J_-d-I-Øp\n∂v Rm≥ hm¶pw CJm-aØpw tI´p-sIm-≠ncp- ∂ p. P\- ß ƒ aS- ß p- ∂ - X p- h sc CXp XpS¿∂p. A^o- ^ p- ± o≥ bm^n- Cu(- d ) ]d™p; A√m-lp-hns‚ Huen-bm-°ƒ°v Nne Ah-ÿIƒ D≠m-Ipw. B kabw BImi `qan-bnse AZr-iy-߃ ImWm≥ Ah¿°v Ignhpw. am{Xa-√,- \-_n-amsc Pohm-h-ÿ-bn¬ Ah¿ Z¿in°pw. \_n(-kz), aqkm(A)s\ J_vdn¬ I≠t]mse Aºn-bm-°ƒ°v apAv-P n-k-Ømbn kw`-hn-°m-hp-∂-sX√mw {]hm-N-IXz hmZ-an√msX Huen-bm-C\p I-dm-aØ - mbpw kw`-hn-°mhp-∂-Xv ÿnc-s∏´ Imcy-am-Wv. hnh-c-an-√m-Øh-\-√msX Cu bmYm¿∞yw \ntj-[n-°p-Ibn√. Aºn-bm-°ƒ Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h-cm-sW∂-Xn\v ]fin-X-∑m-cpsS hm°p-Iƒ thsdbpw [mcm-f-ap-≠v. ¢n]vX-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bmØ{X hn]p-e-am-W-Xv. CXn-sem-Xp-°mw. {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ ac-W-tijw {]tXy-I-ambn Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂h - c - m-sW∂pw Ahsc ImWepw kwkmcw {ihn-°epw Huen-bm-C\v kw`-hyam-sW∂pw ÿnc-s∏´p Ign™ ÿnXn°v Xncp-\-_n(-kz)-bpsS ]cn-ip≤ Icw ssiJv cn^m-Cu(-d)\v th≠n ]pd-Øp-h∂ - Xv kw`-hn-°mhp∂ Imcyam-sW∂v sXfn-™p. ]ng® Nn¥mK-Xn-°mtcm I]S lrZ-b-°mtcm A√msX CXn¬ kwi- b n- ° n- √ . ÿnc- s ∏´ apAv - P nkØpw hy‡-amb coXn-bn¬ ka¿∞n-°-s∏´ Idm- a Øpamb CØcw al¬kw- ` - h - ß sf \ntj-[n-°p-∂Xv A¥yw NoØ-bm-Im≥ ImcW-am-Ipw. ssiJp¬ Ckvemw Ass»Jv Iam-ep-±o≥ icn-bmb ]c-º-c-bn-eqsS D≤-cn-°p∂p: lnPvd 555˛¬ Rm≥ JpXp_pw Kukp-amb A -ønZv ssiJv Alva-Zp¬ I_o-dp¿cn-^m-Cu(-d)-tbmsSm∏w D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ssiJ-h¿Iƒ l÷n\v h∂v aZo-\-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ lpPvd-Xp-»-co-^bpsS t\sc \n∂v P\- a - [ y- Ø n¬ Dds° ]d™p: A -emap AsseI bm P±o. DSs\ duf ico-^n¬ \n∂v adp-]Sn h∂p: hA-sseI- -emap bm he-Zo. CXv akvPn-Zp-∂-_-hn-bnep≈ F√m-hcpw tI´n-´p-≠v. ]ns∂ ssiJv {]hm-N-Im-\p-cm-K-Øn¬ apßn icocw hnd®p 2014 am¿®v 1˛15

30


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ssiJv cn^m-Cu(d)-bpsS h^mØv h¿jw l÷v sNbvX-t∏mƒ Xncp-\_n(-kz)-bpsS J_vdp-»-co-^n\v t\sc \n∂v At±lw `hy-X-tbm-sS tNmZn®p: knbm-dØv sNbvXp aS-ßnbn´v \n߃s°¥p In´n F∂m-sc¶nepw tNmZn-®m¬ Rms\¥p {]XnI-cn°pw {]hm-NI t{ijvTtc!

\ndw a™-bm-bn. ap´p-IpØn A¬]-k-abw Ccp∂p. tijw Fgp-t∂‰p \n∂p tXßn-°-c™p sIm≠p ]mSn: ^o lme-Xn¬ _pAvZn dqlo... {]hm-N-I-tc, Aßv Zqsc \n∂ Rms\s‚ Bflmhns\ Aß-bpsS Nmc-tØ°v Ab-®p-sIm-≠ncp∂p Ct∏m-gnXm Fs‚ icocw Xs∂ F∂m-bncn-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠m XncpIcw \o´n-Ø∂v Fs∂ A\p-{K-ln-®m-epw... At∏m-gXm dufm ico-^n¬ \n∂p {]hm-NI¿(-kz)-bpsS kpK-‘-]q-cn-X-amb ]hn{X ssI ]pd-tØ°v \ofp∂p. ssiJv cn^mCu(d) AXv Bthmfw Bkz-Zn-°p-∂p. sXmÆq-dm-bn-c-tØmfw hcp∂ P\-k-©-b-Øn\p ap∂n-em-WnXv \S-°p∂-Xv. Ah-sc√mw Xncp-\_ - n(-kz)-bpsS ssI A∂p I≠n-´p-≠v. akvPn-Zp-∂-_-hn-bn¬ lbm-Xp-_v\p¬ ssJkn¬ l¿dm-\n(-d), ssiJv A_vZp¬ JmZndn¬ Poem-\n(-d), ssiJv Jao-kv(d), ssiJv AZnøn_v\p apkm-^n-dp-»m-an(-d) XpS-ßnb ]finX t{ijv T ¿ X¬k- a - b - a p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p. R߃-

31

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

s°√mw B Xncp-Ic Z¿i-\Ø - n\v Ah-kcw e`n-®p. A∂p-Xs∂ ssiJv lbm-Xp_v\p ssJkv ssiJv cn^m-Cu-bn¬ \n∂v Jn¿J (ÿm-\-h-kv{Xw) bpw injy-Xzhpw kzoIcn-°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. a‰p ]e ]c- º - c - I - f n- e q- s Sbpw Cu kw`hw D≤-cn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. A\n-tj-[yamw hn[w ÿnc-s∏-´-XmWv CXv. AXns‚ ]cºc D∂-Xhpw Ip‰-a-‰-Xp-am-Wv. Im]-SyØns‚ `mK-amtb CXp \ntj-[n-°m-\m-hq. CtXmsS ssiJv Alva-Zp¬ I_o¿(d) kzlm-_n-I-fpsS KW-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Snt√ Fs∂mcp kwibw D≠m-hmw. At±lw kzlm-_n-bm-hn-s√∂mWv \ΩpsS aimC-Jns‚ {]_-em-`n{]m-bw. Camw kJmhnbpw ^¿dmDw C{]-Imcw ]d-™n-´p≠v. ImcWw {]hmN- I - c psS h^mØns‚ apºv Xßsf I≠ hnizmkn-°mWt√m kzlm_n F∂p ]dbp- ∂ - X v. tijw \_n(-kz) Pohn-®n-cn°p-∂-h-cm-sW¶nepw sFlnI \nb-a-߃ _m[-Iam-Ip∂ Pohn-X-a√ ]mc-{XnI Pohn-X-amWp-≈-Xv. ssiJv cn^m-Cu(d)-bpsS h^mØv h¿jw c≠m-aXv l÷v sNbvX-t∏mƒ Xncp\-_n(-kz)-bpsS J_vdp-»-co-^n\v t\sc \n∂v `hy-X-tbm-sSbpw hn\-b-tØm-sSbpw ]d™p: knbm-dØv sNbvXp aS-ßn-bn´v \n߃s°¥p In´n F∂m-sc-¶nepw tNmZn®m¬ Rms\¥p {]Xn-I-cn°pw {]hm-NI t{ijvTtc! DSs\ J_vdp- » - c o- ^ n¬ \ns∂mcp i_vZw: ]nXr-˛-]p{X kwK-ahpw F√m \∑-I-fp-am-sb∂v ]d-t™m-fq. ssiJv Alva-Zp¬ I_o-dp¿cn-^m-Cu(d) [oc\pw alm-\mb henøpw {]hm-N-I-Ncy-bpsS h≥ kap-{Zhpw t\Xmhpw Huenbm-°f - psS hgn-bnse t\Xr-Xz-hp-am-sW-∂Xv Rm≥ Dd®p hniz-kn-°p-∂p. ]fin-X∑ - mcpw Huen- b m- ° fpw CXn- s ‚- t a¬ CPv a m- A v Bbn-´p-≠v.

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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Xkz-∆p^v ico-A-Øns‚ ]q¿W-X-˛2/ s]m∑f A_vZp¬Jm-Zn¿ apkven-bm¿

kzq^nkw \ntj-[n-IÄ hymP-·mÀ aXw Bflo-be - [ - n-jvTn-Xa - m-bX - n-\m¬ Xs∂ Ckvem- a ns\ FXn¿°m\pw XI¿°m\pw Cd-ßn-Øn-cn-®-h¿ Xkz-∆p^n-s\-Xn-cn¬ Xncn-bp-I-bp-≠m-bn. {]mamWn-I-ambn ÿnc-s∏´ a‰p Imcy-ß-fnse∂ t]mse Xkz- ∆ p- ^ ns‚ hnj- b Ønepw sX‰n-≤m-c-W-Iƒ krjvSn-°m\pw {]N-cn-∏n-°m\pw AXn-eqsS Bflo-bX ]msS \ntj-[n-°m\pw {ian® Ahm-¥c hn`m- K - ° m¿, hymP- ∑ msc krjv S n®v bYm¿∞ Xkz-∆p-^ns\ hnIr-X-am-°m≥ {ian-®p. apkvenw-Isf t\cmb am¿KØn¬ \n∂v AXp-hgn AS¿Øm-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p Ah- c psS IW- ° p- I q- ´ ¬. kap- Z mbw

kp∂n-thmbvkv

Xkz-∆p^v F∂ ]Zw hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\ntem lZo-kp-I-fntem kzlm_n-I-fpsS bpK-Øntem {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏´p ImWp∂n-s√∂pw kzlm-_nIƒ, Xm_n-Cu-߃, XpS-ßn-b-h-cmcpw kzq^nIƒ F∂ t]cn-e-dn-b-s∏´n-cp-∂n-s√-∂p-ap≈ \ymbw \ncØn Xkz-∆p^ns\ \ncm-I-cn-°p-∂Xv ip≤ A-_-≤-am-Wv

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

32


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Bflo-b-X°v \¬In-t∏m∂ alXzhpw ÿm\hp-amWv CØ-c-samcp Nn¥°v Ahsc t{]cn-∏n®- X v . Bflob thj- [ m- c n- I ƒ Ckv e m- a ns\ XI¿°m≥ cwK-Øp-h∂ ]pØ≥hm-Zn-I-fpsS GP‚p-am-cm-sW-∂-XmWv bmYm¿∞yw. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂-bmWv CØcw I£n-Iƒ cwK-Øph-∂-t∏m-sg√mw kakvX tIcf PwC-ø-Øp¬ Dea Ahsc FXn¿ØXpw Ah-tcmSv kl-I-cn°mt\m ]n≥]-‰mt\m ]mSn-s√∂v apkvenw _lpP-\sØ D¬t_m-[n-∏n-®-Xpw. A_p¬ AAvem auZqZn Fgp-Xp∂p: "Hcp {]ta-l-tcmKn a[pcw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂v F{X I≠p amdn-\n¬t°-≠X - pt≠m AXp-t]mse Xkz-∆p-^p-am-bp≈ F√m _‘-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw apkv e nw- I sf am‰n- \ n¿tØ- ≠ Xv Ckv e m- a nI \thm-∞m\ \mb-I¿°v A\n-hm-cy-as{X' (XPvZosZ Clvbmsb Zo≥, t] 135). icn-bm-Wv, Ckvem-ans‚ a[pcamWv Xkz-∆p^v. B[ym-flnI am[pcyw ]‰m-Øh - c - mWv apkvenwI-fnse {]tal tcmKn-I-fmb apPm-ln-Zp-Ifpw auZq-Zn-I-fp-sa-∂Xv sIm≠v apgp-h≥ apkvenw-Isfbpw {]tal tcmKn-I-fm°n a[pcw XS-bp-∂sX-¥n\v? {]ta-l-an-√m-Ø-h¿°v a[pcw D]-tbmKn-°m-a-t√m. Xkz-∆p^v F∂ ]Zw hnip≤ Jp¿-B-\ntem lZo-kp-I-fntem kzlm-_n-I-fpsS bpK-Øntem {]tbm-Kn-°-s∏´p ImWp-∂n-s√∂pw kzlm-_nIƒ, Xm_n-Cu-߃, XpS-ßn-bh - c - mcpw kzq^n-Iƒ F∂ t]cn-e-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp-∂n-s√-∂p-ap≈ \ymbw \ncØn Xkz-∆p-^ns\ \ncm-Ic - n-°p-∂Xv ip≤ A_-≤-am-Wv. ap≥ teJ-\-Øn¬ kqNn-∏n® Imcyß-sf√mw Dƒs°m-≠-h¿°nXp t_m[y-s∏-Spw. GsXmcp kz`mh hnti-jWw sIm≠m-bn-cpt∂m kzq^n-Iƒ Cu t]cn-\¿l-cm-b-sX-¶n¬ AXns‚ DØa amXr-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p kzlm-_n-Ifpw Xm_nD-Ifpw. Ah-sc-°mƒ henb kzq^n-I-fm-cp≠v? Ah¿°v tijw P\-ß-fnse Bflob KpW-ßfn¬ {ItaW aß-te¬°m≥ XpS-ßn-b-t∏mƒ t{ImUo-I-cn-°-s∏´ Bflob imkv{X imJbmWv Xkz-∆p-^v, ^nJvlv, Dkzq-ep¬ ^nJvlv, Dkzq-ep¬ lZo-kv, AJm-CZv XpS-ßnb imkv{X imJ- I ƒ ]n¬°m- e Øv cq]o- I - c n- ° - s ∏- ´ Xv t]mse. \_n(- k z)- b p- s Sbpw kzlm- _ - Ø n- s ‚bpw Ime-ti-j-am-Wp-≠m-b-sX-∂-Xn-\m¬ Ah-Isf Bcpw \ncm-Ic - n-°p-∂n-√t- √m. Cu \ncm-Ic - W hmZ°m-cpsS {]ÿm-\-Øns‚ t]cpw Bi-b-ßfpw DØa \q‰m-≠p-I-fn¬ Cs√-∂Xpw Hm¿°-Ww. F∂n-cns° B t]cn¬ Ah¿ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xns‚ \ymb-sa-¥mWv?

33

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

hnhn[ t]cp-I-fn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw aX \nb-a-߃°v \nc°mØ ]eXpw h®p ]pe¿Øp-∂-h-cp-amb C∂sØ kzq^n \mSy°mcpw hnem-bØp hmZn-Ifpw ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) ]d™ hymP-∑m-cmb ]Xns\m∂v hn`m-K-Øns‚ ]n≥Km-an-I-fm-sW-∂Xn¬ X¿°-an-√

F∂m¬ kzq^nkw \Sn®v bYm¿∞ kzq^n- k sØ XI¿°p- ∂ - h - s cbpw \mw Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠-Xp-≠v. alm-∑m-cmb ap≥Kman-Iƒ Chsc Xncn-®-dn-bm-\p≈ am¿K-ßfpw am\-Z-fi-ßfpw hy‡-am-°n-°m-Wmw. Camw kpbq-Yn(-d) ]d-bp∂p: \n›bw Xkz-∆p^v t{ijvTa - m-sbmcp hn⁄m\ imJbm- W v. AXns‚ Aÿn- h mcw Xs∂ kp∂Øv (\- _ n- N - c y) A\p- [ m- h \w sNøepw _nZv-AØv (\-ho-\m-i-bw) XnckvI-cn-°epw tZtl-—-Ifn¬ \n∂v ap‡-amIepw A√m- l p- h ns‚ {]nbw am{Xw Imw£n®v Ahs‚ hn[n-I-fn¬ Xr]vXn-s∏´v A√m-lp-hn\v Iogvs]-Sepw CX-√mØ Imcyßsf \nµy-ambn ImW-ep-am-Ip-∂p. Xkz-∆p^n¬ I≈ \mW-b-߃ IS-∂p-Iq-Sn-bn-´ps≠∂ kXyw \n\- ° - d n- b mw. bYm¿∞Øn¬ kzq^n-bm-°-fn¬ s]´-h-c-√m-Ø-hcpw Ah-cpsS thj-hn-[m\w \SØn kmayX ]pe¿Øn- b - h - c p- a mb Hcp hn`m- K - Ø n¬ \n∂mWv CXv kw`-hn-®-Xv. Ah¿ Xkz-∆p^n¬ s]SmØ Nne-sX√mw AXn¬ IS-Øn°q-´n. CXv kzq^n-Isf kw_-‘n®v s]mXphn¬ sX‰n-≤m-cW D≠m-°m≥ tlXp-hm-bn. At∏mƒ ]fin-X-∑m¿ Ccp hn`m-K-Øn-\pan-Sb - n¬ hnth-N\w \S-Øm≥ cwK-Øp-h∂ - p. hymP-∑m-cn¬ \n∂v kXyhm-∑msc Xncn-®dn-bm-\m-Wn-Xv. kzq^n-bm-°ƒ F∂p ]d-bs∏- S p- ∂ - h sc ico- A - Ø ns‚ Cam- a p- I ƒ

kp∂n-thmbvkv


.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

FXn¿Ø Imcy-ßsf Ipdn-s®√mw Rm≥ ka{K-ambn Nn¥n-®-t∏mƒ B Imcy-ß-fn¬ H∂pt]mepw Hcp bYm¿∞ kzq^nbpw ]d-™Xmbn Rm≥ I≠n-√. {]XypX _nZv-AØv sh®p ]pe¿Øp-∂-hcpw Zo\n¬ AXn-{Iaw \SØn-b-hcpw am{X-amWv AXn‚ h‡m-°-sf∂v F\n°v t_m[yambn. X߃ kzq^n-bm-°-fmsW∂v kzbw hmZn-°p-I-bm-W-h¿. Xo¿®bmbpw Ah¿ kzq^n-bm-°-fn¬ s]´-h-c√' (XAv-bo-Zp¬ lJo-J-Øn¬ Aen-ø, t] 95). "Alvep¬ Cdm-ZØn (ap-co-Zp-Iƒ) s‚bpw aim-CJp (ssi-Jp-am¿) amcp-sSbpw cq]w A`n\-bn® Nnesc kw_-‘n®v ]d-bp∂ A[ymbw F∂ io¿j-I-Øn¬ C_v\p¬ lmPv(-d) FgpXp∂p: "P\-߃ Iptd-bm-fp-Iƒ Zo\pw kzemlpw (\-∑) A√m-lp-hns‚ kmao]yhpw hmZn-°p-∂p. CXn\v sXfn-hmbn ap≥Km-an-I-fpsS Ncn{Xw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-tºmƒ s]mSn∏pw sXmßepw sh°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Cu Ncn{Xw D≤-cn-°p∂Xp sIm≠v kz¥-Øn-te°v kqNn-∏n-°p-IbmWv sNøp-∂-sX∂v kmµ¿`n-I-ambn a\- nem-Ipw. ap≥Km-an-I-fpsS Ncn-{X-Øn¬ ]d™ Imcy- ß - f n¬ s]´ NnetXm AX- s √- ¶ n¬ AXn¬ \n∂v A[n-Itam X\n-°p-s≠∂pw Ah¿ hcp-Øn-Øo¿°pw. a‰p Nne¿ C∆n-j-bI-amb Ncn-{X-߃ cNn-°m≥ t]mepw {]m]vX-

kp∂n-thmbvkv

cm-Wv. kz¥w hI-bmbn sI´n-®-a-®p-≠m-°p-∂h-bmIpw Ah. Ahn-Sp∂v Z¿in-®-Xmbpw \_n(kz) At±-lt- ØmSv t\cn´v kwt_m-[\ \SØn Nne Imcy-߃ I¬]n-°p-Ibpw a‰p NneXv hntcm-[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-Xmbpw hmZn-°m≥ hsc Ah¿ ss[cy-s∏-Sp-∂p. a‰p Nne¿ DW¿®bn¬ Xs∂ \_n(-kz)sb Z¿in-®-Xmbpw hmZn°p-∂p. CXp-sIm-s≠√mw \mi-Øn¬ AI-s∏´n-cn-°p-I-bm-W-h¿. CØ-c-a-\p-`-h-߃ kXy-ambpw kw`-hn-®h¿ \t∂ hnc-fw. C°m-eØv AXn\p ]‰p∂ KpW-߃ tafn-®-h¿ A]q¿h-am-sW-∂√ an°hmdpw Cs√∂p Xs∂ ]d-bmw. _mly-ambpw B¥cn-I-ambpw A√m-lp-hns‚ {]tXyI Imhep≈ alm- ∑ m¿°v CXv kw`- h n- ° m- s a∂ Imcyw \mw \ntj-[n-°p-∂n-√. a‰p Nne¿ Jfn¿(-A)s\ Z¿in-®-Xm-bn hmZn-°p-∂p. IqSp-X¬ kzoIm-cy-X°p th≠n CXp kXyw sNbvXp i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-h-cp-ap≠v. Cß-s\-bp-s≠∂v hnti-jn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂ Hcmƒ, Jfn¿(-A) F√m Znh-khpw h∂v Xs‚ hmXn-en-\-SpØv \n¬°p-Itbm Xs‚ ]oSn-IbpsS ap∂n¬ h∂v \n¬°p-Itbm sNøp-∂Xmbpw Xm≥ I®-hSw \S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°ptºmƒ Jfn¬(-A)-t\mSv kwkm-cn-°p-∂X - mbpw hsc hmZn-°p∂p. CsX√mw ASn-ÿm-\-c-lnXhpw \n¿an-X-hp-amb Akw-_-‘-ß-fm-Wv.

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

34


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F∂m¬ A¿l-cm-b-h-cn¬ \n∂v {]tXyI kµ¿`- ß - f n¬ Cßs\ kw`- h n- ° m- s a∂ Imcyw FXn¿°-s∏-Sm-h-X√' (A¬a-ZvJ¬ 3/ 193˛195). C∏-d™ s - X√mw F´mw \q‰m-≠p-Im-c\ - mb C_v\p¬ lmPn(-d)s‚ Ime-L-´-Øn-ep≈ hymP kn≤-∑m-cpsS Ah-ÿ-bm-sW-¶n¬ Cu Ime-L-´-Øn¬ s]cp-In-h∂ hymP-∑m-cpsS Imcyw ]d-tb-≠-Xpt≠m? kz¥w Idm-aØv hmZn®pw Nne aJm-ap-I-fntem h\m-¥-c-ßfntem X]- n-cp-∂t- ∏mƒ Xs‚ Bflob GIm¥-X-bn¬ ]s≠t∂m Cu temI-tØmSv hnS]-d™ aim-bn-Jp-amsc Z¿in-®-Xmtbm As√¶n¬ C∂v Pohn-®n-cn-∏p≈ ssiJp-ambn Xm≥ I≠p-ap-´n-bXmtbm hmZn®pw {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ hymP-∑-sc-bmWp C∂p \mw ImWp-∂-Xv. C_v\p¬lm-Pv(-d) Xs∂ ]d-bp∂p: "Nne aim-bn-Jp-amsc I≠-Xmbpw Ah-cp-ambn Hcpan®p IqSn- b - X mbpw hmZn- ° p∂ Nne- c p- ≠ v . Ah¿ B aim-bn-Jp-ambn Hcp-an®v IqSp-Itbm ImWp-Itbm sNbvXn-´n-√. a‰p Nne¿ Xm≥ C∂ ssiJn-t\mSv IqSn kl-h-kn-®-Xmbpw At±-l-Øn-eqsS X\n°v t\¿am¿K kn≤n e`n®-Xmbpw hmZn-°p-∂p. bYm¿∞-Øn¬ Ah¿ ssiJp-ambn k‘n-®n-t´-bn-√. Ch¿ At±-lØns‚ hgn-bn-ep-a-√. a‰p Nne¿ Nne ssiJpam-cp-ambn kl-h-kn®v Ah-cn¬ \n∂v In´nb ⁄m\-߃ Xt‚-Xmbn D≤-cn°pw' (A¬ aZvJ¬ 3/195). Xkz- ∆ p- s ^∂ hn⁄m\ imJbnse I≈ \mW-bß - ƒ C_v\ - p¬ lmPv(d - )s‚ ImeØp-Xs∂ [mcm-f-ap-s≠-¶n¬ C∂sØ Imcyw ]d-bm-\n-√. ssiJv A_vZp¬ JmZn¿ Poem-\n(-d) ]dbp∂p: "Xkz-∆p-^p-Im¿ ]{¥≠v hn`m-K-ap-≠v. H∂mw hn`mKw kp∂n hn`m-K-am-Wv. Ah-cpsS hm°p-Ifpw {]hr-Øn-Ifpw ico-A-Øn-t\mSpw Xzco- J - Ø n- t \mSpw tbmPn- ® - X m- W v . Ah¿ Alvep- p-∂Øn h¬ Pam-A-Øm-Ip-∂p. Ahcn¬ Nne¿ in£tbm IW°p tNmZytam C√msX kz¿K-Øn¬ {]th-in-°p-∂-h-cm-Wv. a‰p Nne¿ efn-X-amb hnNm-c-W°pw Ipd™ in£°pw hnt[-b-ambn kz¿K-Øn¬ {]th-in°pw. \c-I-Øn¬ \n∂v tamN\w e`n®v kz¿KØn¬ {]th-in-°p-sa∂pw Ahn-izm-kn-Ifpw I]S hnizm-kn-Ifpw \c-Iob imizX in£°v hnt[-b-cmIpw t]mse Ch¿ hnt[-b-cm-hp-I-bns√-∂p-amWv Dt±-iyw. _m°n-bp≈ ]Xn-s\m∂v hn`mKw _nZCu I£n-I-fm-Wv. Jeq-en-ø-Øv, lmen-b-Øv, Huen-bm-C-ø-Øv, iwdm-\n-ø-Øv,

35

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

ico-A-Øns\ Ah-K-Wn-°p-∂, ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) hni-Zo-I-cn® hymP-∑m-cpsS kz`m-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂v GsX-¶nepw tafn® A`n\h kzq^n-Iƒ ASn-ÿm\ clnX-amb Xkz-∆p-^mWv sh®p-]pe¿Øp-∂-Xv. Ah¿ Xo¿Øpw hymP-∑m-cm-Wv

ln∫n-ø-Øv, lqcn-ø-Øv, C_m-ln-b-Øv, apXIm-kn-e-Øv, apX-Pm-ln-e-Øv, hm^n-Jn-b-Øv, C¬lm-an-bØv F∂o ]Xn-s\m∂v hn`m-K-amW-h¿. Jeq-en-bØv Ch¿ ]d-bp∂p: "`wKn-bp≈ A\y-kv{Xosbbpw B¨Ip-´n-Isfbpw I≠m-kz-Zn-°epw \rØw \SØepw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Wv. am{X-a√, Ahsc Npw_n-°epw Benw-K\w sNøepw A\p- h - Z - \ o- b - a m- W v . ' F∂m¬ CXv X\n® Ip^vdm-Wv. lmen-øØv Ch¿ ]d- b p- ∂ Xv C{]- I mcw: "\rØw sh°epw ssIap-´epw A\p-h-Z-\o-b-am-Ip-∂p. id- C \v H∂pw ]d- b m≥ ]‰mØ Ahÿ ssiJp-am¿°p-≠m-Ipw.' Cu hmZw _nZvA - Øpw \_n-N-cy-bn¬ C√m-Ø-Xp-am-Wv. Huen-bm-C-øØv Ch¿ ]d-bp∂p: "Hcp hy‡n Huen-bmCs‚ ]Z-hn-bn-te°v tN¿∂m¬ id-Cs‚ hn[nhn-e-°p-Iƒ Ah\v _m[-I-am-hp-∂n-√. Ah¿ ]d- b p- ∂ - X v , \_n- t b- ° mƒ t{ijv T - \ mWv henøv F∂m-Wv. Pn_vco¬(-A) am[y-a-am-bn´mWv GXp \_n-bp-sSbpw ⁄m\-sa∂pw CXn\v Ah¿ Imc-W-ambn ]d-bp-∂p.' Cu \ymbo-I-cWw ]nghpw Cu hnizmkw sIm≠v Ah¿ \mi- I m- c n- I - f p- a m- W v . CXpw Ip^v ¿ Xs∂. iwdm-\n-øØv Ch¿ ]d-bp∂p: "(A-√m-lp-hp-am-bn) A\mZn- b mb kl- h mkw X߃°p- ≠ v . AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ (i-d-C-s‚) hn[n-hn-e-°p-Iƒ X߃°p _m[-I-a-√. ap´p-hn-fnbpw a‰p kwKo-

kp∂n-thmbvkv


.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

tXm- ] - I - c - W - ß fpw k¿h kv{XoIfpw X߃°v lem-em-Wv.' Ch¿ Ahn-izm-kn-Iƒ Xs∂. Ckvem-anI cmjv{S hyh-ÿn-Xn-bn¬ Ah-cpsS c‡-Øn\v ]hn-{X-X-bn-√. ln∫n-bØv ChcpsS hmZw: "A√m-lp-hns‚ {]oXn e`n°p∂ ]Z-hn-bn-te°v Hcmƒ tN¿∂m¬ idCs‚ \nb-a-߃ Ah\v _m[-I-am-hp-∂n-√.' Chcpw ]ng-®-h¿ Xs∂. lqdn-bØv Ch¿ c≠mw hn`m-Ka - mb lmen-bØ - n-t\mSv kmayX ]pe¿Øp-∂-h-cm-Wv. ]t£, Ah-cpsS {]tXyI Ah-ÿb - n¬ (kz¿K-Øn-se) lqdp¬ Cu\p-ambn ssewKnI _‘-Øn-te¿s∏-S-p∂Xmbn hmZn- ° p- I bpw Ah- c psS Ahÿ sXfn™ tijw Ipfn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. CXv ip≤ Ifhpw CXp-sIm-≠-h¿ \mi-Im-cn-I-fmhp-∂-Xp-am-Wv. C_m-ln-bØv \√-Xp-sIm≠v I¬∏n-°p-I, NoØ hntcm[n-°pI F∂o Imcy-߃ Dt]-£n-°p-∂-hcpw hninjym kv{XoIsf A\p-hZ- \ - o-ba - mbn ImWp∂-h-cp-am-Wn-h¿. apX-Im-kn-eØv tPmen sNøp- ∂Xv ]msS Dt]- £ n- ° pIbpw P\- ß - f psS hmXn- e p- I - f n¬ sN∂v bmN\ \S-Øp-∂-hcpw _mly-Øn¬ X߃ sFlnI ]cn-Xym-Kn-I-fm-sW∂p hmZn-°p-∂-hcp-amWv Cu hn`m-Kw. Ahcpw \mi-Im-cn-Iƒ Xs∂. apX-Pm-ln-eØv Zp¿P-\-ß-fpsS thj-hn-[m-\-߃ AWn™-h-cm-Wn-h¿ (tamtU¨ hkv{Xw [cn®v XmSn hSn®v Xe-a-d-°msX ssiJmbn Na-bp∂-h¿). A√mlp D¬t_m-[n-∏n-°p∂p: "A{Ia-Im-cn-I-fn-te°v \n߃ sX∂n-t∏m-I-cp-Xv.' \_n(-kz) {]Jym-]n-°p∂p: "Hcp P\-X-tbmSv Bcv kmayX ]pe¿Øp-∂pthm Ah≥ Ahcn¬ s]´-h-\m-Wv.' hmJn-^n-bØv Ch¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv: "Xo¿®-bmbpw A√m-lphns\ A√m-lp-hn-\-√msX Adn-bpI km[y-a√. AXn-\m¬ aAv-cn-^-Xn\v (A-√m-lp-hns\ Adn-bm≥) th≠n-bp≈ {]h¿Ø\w Ah¿ Dt]-£n-®n-cn-°p-∂p.' Cu A⁄-X-bneqsS Ahcpw \mi-Øn-e-I-s∏-´p. C¬lm-an-bØv Zo\o hn⁄m\w Dt]-£n-®h - cpw aXm-[ym-

kp∂n-thmbvkv

]-\sØ hntcm-[n-°p-∂-h-cp-amWo hn`m-Kw. Ah¿ XØz-Nn-¥-Isc A\p-K-an-®-h-cm-Wv. Ah¿ ]d- b p- ∂ Xv : "Jp¿- B ≥ a\p- j ys‚ ⁄m\-Øn\v ad-bm-Wv. Xzco-J-Øns‚ Jp¿B≥ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv Imhy-ß-fm-Wv. Cu hnizmkw sIm≠-h¿ Jp¿-B-\ns\ Dt]-£n°p-Ibpw Xß-fpsS k¥m-\-߃°v Imhy߃ ]Tn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. C°q-´¿ a‰p hn¿Zp-Iƒ Dt]-£n-®h - cpw \mi-Im-cn-If - p-am-Wv.' (kn-dm-Pp¬ Akvdm¿, t] 55). hnhn[ t]cp-If - n¬ Adn-bs - ∏-Sp-∂Xpw aX \nb-a-߃°v \nc-°mØ ]eXpw ]pe¿Øp∂-h-cp-amb C∂sØ kzq^n \mSy-°mcpw hnem-bØp hmZn-Ifpw ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) ]d™ hymP- ∑ m- c mb ]Xn- s \m∂v hn`m- K Øns‚ ]n≥Km-an-I-fm-sW-∂-Xn¬ X¿°-an-√. X߃ ssiJv Poem-\n-b-S-°-ap≈ atlm-∂X-cpsS ]n¥p-S¿®-°m-cm-sW-∂-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp∂ Ch-sc-°mƒ hnUvVn-Iƒ a‰m-cmWv? kXyhpw Ak-Xyhpw Hcn-°epw Xncn-®dn-bm≥ ]‰m-Ø-hn[w IqSn-°-e-cp-I-bn-√. Nnet∏mƒ AkXyw _mly-Øn¬ anI-®p-\n-∂Xmbn tXm∂n-bmepw kXyw ]pd-Øp-h-cnI Xs∂ sNøpw. CXv Jp¿-B≥ {]kvXm-hn-®n-´p≠v. hy‡-am-sbmcp am\-Z-fi-Øns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn-emWv ]fin-X¿ kXym-kXy hnthN\w \S-Øp-∂-Xv. ssiJv apl-ΩZv A_vZp-√m-ln¬ Jm\n(d) Camw dmkn(- d )- b n¬ \n∂p- ≤ - c n- ° p∂p: "hymP-∑m-cn¬ \n∂v bYm¿∞-°msc Xncn-®-dnbm-\p≈ am\-Zfiw (\-_n(-kz)-tbmSpw ke^p-kzm-en-lp-I-tfmSpw) A\p-K-an®v t]mcp∂ \nb-a-{]-Imcw i¿-C-ømb Aa-ep-Iƒ Ah¿ \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m-cp-∂pt≠m F∂pw aim-C-Jpc-am-cpsS Nn´-tbmSv tbmPn®v Xzco-J-Øp-Im¿ BN-cn-t°≠ acym-Z-Iƒ BN-cn-°p-∂pt≠m F∂p hne-bn-cp-Ø-emWv' (A¬ _lvN-Xp- \n-ø, t] 35). Npcp-°-Øn¬ kzq^nkw ico-A-Øns‚ ]q¿W-X-bm-Wv. ico-A-Øn-t\mSv ]cn-]q¿W-ambpw tbmPn-°-emWv kzq^n-k-Øns‚ am¿Kw. AXp-sIm≠v Xs∂ ico-A-Øns\ Ah-K-Wn°p-∂, ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) hni-Zo-I-cn® hymP∑m-cpsS kz`m-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂v GsX-¶nepw tafn® A`n-\h kzq^n-Iƒ ASn-ÿm\ clnX-amb Xkz-∆p-^mWv sh®p-]p-e¿Øp-∂-Xv. Ah¿ Xo¿Øpw hymP-∑m-cm-Wv. kXyw a\- nem°n ]n≥]-‰m\pw AkXyw a\- n-em°n h¿Pn-°m\pw A√mlp XpW-°-s´-˛-B-ao≥. (A-h-km-\n-®p)

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kwL-N-e\w 60 km¥z\w `h-\-߃ \n¿an°pw Zpss_: sFkn-F^v Xriq¿ Pn√m Nm]v ‰ ¿ Pn√- b nse 60 \n¿[- \ ¿°v km¥z\w `h-\ß - ƒ \n¿an®p \¬Ipw. km¥z\w kwKaw tUm. Imknw DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. apkvX^ Zmcn-an, lk≥ lmPn, Dkvam≥ kJm^n Xncph-{X, Akokv kJm^n aºm-Sv, FsI A_q-_-°¿ apkven-bm¿ I´n-∏m-d, IÆq¿ Pn√m ]finX ktΩ-f\w s]m∑f A_vZp¬ JmZn¿ apkven- aplv b n- ± o≥Ip- ´ n kJm^n hc- h q¿, A_vZp- emw kJm^n Fc-™n-am-hv, bm¿ DZvLm-S\w sNøp-∂p. A_q-_-°¿ kJm^n hmSm-\-∏≈n, \hmkv FS-ap-´w, I_o¿ FS-Xn-cpØn {]kw-Kn-®p.

s{]m^-j-W¬ ao‰v

sImf-Øq¿ taJem A\y-kw-ÿm\ sXmgn-emfn kwKaw

adp-\m-S≥ sXmgn-emfn kwKaw

IÆq¿: buh\w \mSns\ \n¿Ωn°p∂p F∂ {]ta-b-Øn¬ FkvsshFkv anj≥ 2014˛s‚ `mK-ambn IÆq¿ Pn√m Fkvssh-Fkv s{]m^-j-W¬ ao‰v kwL- S n- ∏ n- ® p. tUm. F]n A_vZp¬ lIow Akvlcn DZvLm-S\w sNbv X p. sI.Fw A_v Z p- ≈ - ° p´n _mJ-hn, s{]m^. ]n.F A“Zv kCuZv, B¿]n lpssk≥, ap´n¬ aplvbn±o≥ kJm^n {]kw-Kn-®p.

sImf-Øq¿: Fkvssh-Fkv anj≥ 2014˛s‚ `mKambn sImf-Øq¿ tkm¨ A\ykwÿm\ sXmgnemfn kwKaw PmthZv CJv_m¬ kJm^n sIm¬°Ø DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. Fw]n A_vZp¬ JmZn¿ apkvenbm¿ A[y-£X hln-®p. lm^nfv ico^v kJm-^n, Fkn C_vdmlnw apkven-bm¿, _io¿ sImSp-h-≈n, A_q- _ Iv ¿ Alv k - \ n, Akv I ¿ Aen kJm^n t\XrXzw \¬In.

sl¬Øv kvIqƒ tImgn- t °mSv : Xncp- h - Æ q¿ bqWn‰v sl¬Øv kvIqfpw saUn-°¬ D]-I-c-W- hnX-c-Whpw A_vZp-∂mk¿ sNdp-hmSn DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. _n®p amtØm-´w, lk≥tImb amÿ, kpss_¿ Alvk-\n, \nkm¿ sI]n, knhn Knco-jv, Pb-N-{µ≥, ]nsI apl-Ω-Zv, apcfo-[c - ≥, tImb-amap, ]nFkv Aen XpS-ßnbh¿ kwkmcn-®p. Aivd^v kJm^n kzmK-Xhpw lssk-\m¿ \µnbpw ]d-™p. ssI-∏pdw: t\m¿-Øv ssI-∏p-dw bq-Wn-‰v sl¬-Øv kv-Iqƒ ]n ap-kv-X-^ ap-kven-bm¿ D-Zv-LmS-\w sNbv-Xp. tUm. A-–p∂m-k¿ sX-°n-\naTw ¢m-s -SpØp.

Fkvssh-Fkv IÆq¿ Pn√m s{]m^-j-W¬ ao‰n¬ tUm. F]n A_vZp¬lIow Akvlcn

km¥z\ tI{µw DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp

AØm-Wn-°¬ bqWn‰v km¥z\w ip≤-Pe ]≤Xn

BZr-t»cn: Fkvssh-Fkv bqWn‰v km¥z-tI{µw A_vZp¬a-PoZv ss^kn DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. ]n. PAv^¿, im^n Alvk-\n, Aao¿ apkven-bm¿, sIFw Aivd-^v, ico^v Alvk-\n, d^oJv ]n kw_-‘n-®p. Xm\m-fq¿: bqWn‰v km¥z\w ¢∫v cq]o-I-cn-®p. hnSnFw X߃ Aivd^ - n, apl-ΩZv ]mem-´b - n¬, _jo¿ It°m-Sn, ss^k¬ IÆ-d-bn¬, Ckvam-Cu¬, am\p F∂n-h¿ {]kw-Kn-®p. d^oJv sshe-Øq¿, \mk¿ lmPn, Jeo-ep¿d-lvam≥ kJm-^n, aPoZv kw_-‘n-®p.

ssh‰ne tkm¨ A\y-kw-ÿm\ sXmgn-emfn kwKaw

37

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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kwL-N-e\w D-≈mƒ X-߃ A-\p-I-c-Wo-b am-Xr-I: ctajv sN-∂n-Ø-e

∏n® XmPp¬ Dea A\p-kva-cW {]m¿∞\m kwKaw aivlqZv kJm^n DZv L m- S \w sNbv X p. _nFw A©p- I ≠n A[y- £ X hln®p. C.-ap-l-ΩZv i°o¿ Aam\n DZvt_m-[\w \S-Øn. tUm. kønZv lpssk≥ X߃, A^vk¬ aTØn¬, l\o^ Ipcn- ° - f - I - Ø v , Fw]n A_vZp¬ aPo-Zv, dmjnZv XmbsØ-cp, knsI \Po_v \o¿®m¬, Sn.A-_vZp¬ K^q¿, d^oJv Bbn-°c, C.- ap-l-ΩZv dpjvZn XpS-ßn-b-h¿ kw_- ‘ n- ® p. bm^nkv Aam\n ]≈n{]w kam- ] \ {]m¿∞- \ °v t\XrXzw \¬In.

[oc-amb t\XrXzw: sFkn-F^v ZΩmw: kp∂n temI-Øn\p A\nF-kvsshF-kv Xn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-c-Øv kw-L-Sn-∏n-® D-≈mƒ X-߃ A-\p-kva-c-W k-tΩ-f-\w B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n c-ta-iv-sN-∂n-Ø-e D-Zv-Lm-S-\w sN-øp-∂p tj-[y-amb t\XrXzw \¬Inb alXn-cp-h-\-¥-]p-cw: k-aq-l-Øn-\v t\¿- Zn-i Im-Wn-® A-\p-Ic - W - o-b hy‡n-Xz--am-bn-cp-∂p k-a-kv-X tI-c-f PwC-ø-Øp¬ D-e-a A-[y-£-\m-bn-cp-∂ Xm-Pp¬ D-e-am D-≈mƒ X-ß-sf-∂v B-`y-¥-c-a-{¥n c-ta-iv sN-∂n-Ø-e. X-ß-fp-sS hn-tbm-Kw ap-kv-enw k-apZm-b-Øn-\pw s]m-Xp-k-aq-l-Øn-\pw Xo-cm-\-jv-S-am-sW-∂pw A-t±-lw ]-d™p. k-a-kv-X tI-c-f kp-∂n bp-hP-\ kw-Lw (F-kv ssh F-kv) Xncp- h - \ - ¥ - ] p- c - Ø v kw- L - S n- ∏ n- ® D≈mƒ X-߃ A-\p-kva - c - W - w D-ZvL - mS-\w sN-øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p a-{¥n. ku-ay-X-bpw B¿-{Z-X-bpw ap-J-ap{Z-bm-°n- k-Xy-k-‘-am-b \n-e-]m-Sneq-sS ap-kv-enw ssh-⁄m-\n-I {]t_m-[-\ ta-J-e-°v G-gp- ]-Xn-‰m-≠v Im-ew A-Xp-ey-am-b t\-Xr-Xzw \¬Im≥ X-߃-°v I-gn-™p. tI-c-fØn¬ ap-kv-enw-Iƒ C-∂v A-\p-`-hn°p-∂ B-flo-b hn-Zym-`ym-k kmw-kvIm-cn-I \-thm-∞m-\ ap-t∂-‰-ß-ƒ-°v h-gn-sbm-cp-°p-∂-Xn¬ X-߃ h-ln® ]-¶v \n¿-Wm-b-I-am-bn-cp-∂p. tI-cf- ap-kv-en-I-ƒ-°v t\-sc D-b¿-∂ ]-etNm-Zy-߃-°pw Ir-Xy-am-b D-Ø-cw \¬-Im≥ X-߃-°v I-gn-™p. tI-cf-Øn-se s]m-Xp-k-aq-l-Øn-\v ]n-¥pS-cm≥ I-gn-bp-∂ \n-ch - [ - n am-Xr-II - ƒ A-t±-l-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. X-ß-ƒ ap-t∂m-´p-sh-® k-tµ-iw Dƒ-s°m-≠v ap-t∂m-´v Ip-Xn-°m≥ ap-kv-enw k-aql-Øn-\v I-cp-Øp-≠m-I-s´-sb-∂pw sN-∂n-Ø-e B-iw-kn-®p. sI Fw lm-jnw lm-Pn A-[y-£-X h-ln-®p. G-cq¿ iw-kp-±o≥ a-Z-\n A-\p-kv-a-c-

kp∂n-thmbvkv

\ob hy‡n-Xz-Øn-\p-S-a-bm-bn-cp∂p D≈mƒ Xß- s f∂v sFkn- F ^v ZΩmw sk≥{S¬ sk{I- ´ - d n- t b‰v A\p- k v a cn®p. A_v Z p- √ - X zo^v Alvk\n {]m¿∞\ \S-Øn. sskZv kJm-^n, A_vZp-d-lvam≥ kJm-^n, ico^v kJm- ^ n, A_v Z p- k - a Zv apkven-bm¿, A_vZp-d-lvam≥ Zmcn-an, bqkp^v A^vf-en, sambvXo≥Ip´n Imc-°p¿»n, keow ]me-®n-d, dmjnZv tImgn- t °m- S v , A∫mkv sX∂- e , A_v Z p- d - l v a m≥ ]pØ- \ - Ø mWn F∂n-h¿ kwkm-cn-®p. Aehn IftdmUv kzmK-Xhpw apl-ΩZv d^oJv \mZm]p- c w: XmPp¬ Dea \µnbpw ]d-™p. D≈mƒ X߃ Ckvem-anI ss]XrI-Øns‚ bYm¿∞ ]mX ]I¿∂ ]≈n°v t\sc A{Iaw: t\Xm-hm-sW∂v Fkvssh-Fkv P\d¬ sk{I-´dn t]tcmSv A_vZp-d- {]Xntj[{]IS\w \SØn Hm®nd: henbIpfßc ]≈n°v lvam≥ kJm^n {]kvXm-hn-®p. Nnøqcn¬ kwL- S n- ∏ n® XmPp¬ Dea t\tc kmaqlnI hncp≤¿ \SØnb A\p-kvac - W ktΩ-f\w DZvLm-S\w A{IaWØns\Xnsc Fkv s shsNøp-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. kønZv Fkv {]Xntj[ {]IS\w \SØn. Aen _m^Jn A[y-£X hln-®p. A{I-an-Isf DS≥ ]nSn-Iq-S-W-sa∂v kønZv Xzmlm kJm-^n A\p-kva- t\Xm-°ƒ Bh-iy-s∏-´p. lpsskcW {]`m-jWw \S-Øn. Nnøq¿ apl- ≥ ^mfnen {]`mjWw \SØn. ΩZv apkven-bm¿ kzmKXw ]d-™p. Fkvssh-Fkv kwÿm\ sk{I´dn tUm. ]nF aplΩZv Ip™v \mZm-]pcw: Fkvssh-Fkv \mZm- kJm^n, kønZv A_vZp¬ dlvam≥ ]pcw bqWn‰v IΩn‰n kwL-Sn-∏n® _m^Jn, F.sI. lwk kJm^n, XmPp¬ Dea A\p-kva-cW ktΩ- FwsI \ujmZv apkvenbm¿ f\w kønZv lpssk≥ kJm^n F∂nh¿ ÿew kµ¿in°pIbpw, DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. sIhn Ip™- al√v {]Xn\n[nIfpambn N¿® _vZp√ lmPn A[y-£X hln-®p. \SØp-Ibpw sNbvXp. \ujmZv kJm-^n IpΩ-t¶mSv, sI]n {]IS\Øn\v jnlm_v, A_vZp _jo¿, kønZv aivlq¿, BjnJv dkmJv apkvenbm¿, \mk¿ \Cuan, sI kw_-‘n-®p. aplΩZv kmPnZv kJm^n, id^pIÆq¿ kn‰n: FkvsshFkv ±o≥, A≥h¿jm Xgh, A¿jmZv IÆq¿ k¿°nƒ IΩn‰n kwL-Sn- t\XrXzw \¬In. W {]-`m-j-Ww \-S-Øn. F ssk-^p±o≥ lm-Pn, kn-±o-Jv k-Jm-^n t\-aw, hn-gn-™w A-_v-Zp¿-d-lv-am≥ k-Jm^n, J-eo-ep¬ d-lv-am≥ X-߃ s]cn- ß - Ω - e , ap- \ o¿ \- C u- a n, \Po_p±o≥ kJm^n, anJv Z mZv lmPn, F F kemw apkven-bm¿ {]kw-Kn-®p.

ss]XrIw ]I¿∂ t\Xmhv: t]tcmSv

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editor.sunnivoice@gmail.com

]me-°mSv Pn√m F-kvsshF-kv km¥z\w Bw_p-e-k≥kns‚ Xmt°m¬Zm\w Im¥-]pcw F]n A_q-_-°¿ apkven-bm¿ \n¿h-ln-°p-∂p.

Bw_pe≥kv ka¿∏Ww ]m-e° - m-Sv: F-kvsshF-kv km-¥z-\w ]≤Xn-bpsS `m-K-am-bn Pn-√m-I-Ωn-‰n-bp-sS Bw_p-e≥-kv \m-Sn-\v k-a¿-∏n-®p. Pm-an-A- lk-\n-ø-bn¬ \-S-∂ N-S-ßn¬ Im-¥-]p-cw F]n A-_q-_° - ¿ ap-kven-bm¿ Fw hn kn±o-Jv k-Jm-^n-°v Xm-t°m¬ ssI-am-dn. sImºw sI]n ap-l-Ω-Zv ap-kven-bm¿, am-cm-baw-K-ew A-_v-Zp-d-lvam≥ ss^-kn, F≥sI kn-dm-Pp-±o≥ -ss^-kn, bpF ap-_m-d-Iv kJm-^n, sI \q¿-ap-l-Ω-Zv lm-Pn. D-a¿ Hmß-√q¿, A-i-d-^v a-ºm-Sv ]-s¶-Sp-Øp. Xm\m-fq¿ bqWn‰v F-kvsshF-kv km¥z\w `h-\-\n¿amW [\-klmbw s]m∑f A_vZp¬ JmZn¿ apkven-bm¿ \¬Ip-∂p.

kvt]m´v Iznkv sIm∏w: tkm¨ kv t ]m´v Iznkv sskX-ehn ]qX-°mSv DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. A_vZp¬ JmZn¿ Np≠-º-‰, kpssl¬ s\Sp-tßm-´q¿, kn Aen-bm¿ Alvk-\n, dlow kJm-^n, A_vZp¬ Peo¬ a™fmw-Ipgn F∂-h¿ t\XrXzw \¬In. A-e\ - √q¿: F-kvsshF-kv A-e\ - √q¿ tkm¨ I-Ωn-‰n 16 I-h-e-I-fn¬ kv-t]m-´v Izn-kv kw-LS- n-∏n®p. A-–p¬ _m-kn-Xv kJm^n, d-^o-Jv k-Jm-^n ]pØq¿ t\XrXzw \¬In. ap-lΩ-Zv Ip-´n k-Jm-^n ]mtemSv, l-ao-Zv a-fm-lncn, ssk-Xm-en am-kv‰¿, ka-Zv sIm-ºw ]-s¶-Sp-Øp.

aoemZv kwKaw F-kvsshF-kv tkm¨ A\y-kw-ÿm\ sXmgn-emfn kwK-a-Øn¬ s]cn-¥¬a-Æ: Fkv ssh Fkv sh´apkvX^ amÿ tImUq¿ Øq¿ k¿°nƒ kwL- S n- ∏ n® auenZv

Fkvssh-Fkv tkmW¬ Hm^okv Xpd∂p

kwK-a-Øn¬ s]cn-¥¬aÆ tkm¨ P\d¬ sk{I´n apCu-\p-±o≥ kJm^n sh´Øq¿ aZvlv dkq¬ {]`m-jWw \S-Øn.

]ø-∂q¿: ]ø-∂q¿ A¬^-emlv sk‚-dn¬ Bcw-`n® FkvsshFkv tkm¨ Hm^okv t]tcmSv A_vZp-d-lvam≥ kJm^n DZvLmS\w sl¬Øv kvIqƒ sNbvXp. kpsse-am≥ amÿ, bqkp^v lmPn, Akokv Imc-bn¬, s]cn-¥¬a-Æ: sh´-Øq¿ bqWn‰v knsI Aivd-^v, Ckvam-Cu¬ FwSn-hn, CkvlmJv ]me-t°m-Sv, kIsl¬Øv kvIqƒ {Kma-]-©m-bØv {]kncnb amÿ, Icow a≠q¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ kw_-‘n-®p. U‚ v lwk°p´n DZvLm\w sNbvXp.

39

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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Fkvssh-Fkv hm¿jnI Iu¨kn-epIƒ°v cq]-ambn tImgn- t °mSv: buh\w \mSns\ \n¿an°p∂p F∂ Xehm-N-I-Øn¬ Fkvssh-Fkv \SØn-h-cp∂ anj≥ 2014˛s‚ `mKambn am¿®v H∂p-ap-X¬ kwL im‡o-I-cW ]≤-Xn-Iƒ Bcw`n-°pw. kwL-S-\-bpsS _lp-P-\m-SnØd hn]p-e-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn\pw B`y-¥c k÷o-I-c-W-Øn\pw {]mapJyw \¬In cq]-s∏-Sp-Ønb I¿a-tc-Jsb ASn-ÿm-\-am-°nbp≈ {]h¿ØI kwK-aß - fmWv bqWn-‰v sXm´v kwÿm-\-X-ewhsc am¿®v, G{]n¬, sabv amkß-fn¬ \S-°p-∂-Xv. Hmtcm LS- I - Ø n- s ‚bpw Iu¨kn-e¿am¿ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ kwK- a - Ø n¬ Ign™ Hcp h¿jsØ {]h¿Ø\w hne-bn-cpØp-Ibpw ASpØ sIm√sØ I¿a-]-≤Xn Ic-Sn\v cq]w \¬IpIbpw sNøpw. Hmtcm LS-I-Øns‚bpw {]h¿Ø\ anIhv dnt∏m¿´v sNøp-∂-Xn\v ta¬LSIw \n›-bn-°p∂ Iu¨kn¬ I¨t{Sm- f ¿am¿ t\XrXzw \¬Ipw. Im_n-\‰v knÃ-a-\p-k-cn®v kwL-S\m Imcyw, ZAvh - m-Im-cyw, t£a-Im-cyw, AUvan-\n-kvt{S-j≥ sk{I-´d - n-am¿ AXXp hIp-∏ns‚ dnt∏m¿´p-Ifpw {Sj-d¿ hc-hp-sNehp IW- ° p- I fpw hm¿jnI Iu¨kn-en¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°pw.

hnNn-¥\w kam-]n®p tImgn-t°mSv: anj≥ 2014˛s‚ `mK- a mbn kwÿm\ IΩn‰n kwL-Sn-∏n® hnNn-¥\w kam-]n®p. Imº- b n≥ ]≤- X n- I - f psS {]tbm-K-h-XvI-cWw kºq¿Wambn hne-bn-cp-Ønb Iymºn¬ Pn√m P\-d¬ sk{I-´dn, ZAvh - m-Imcy sk{I-´d - n, F∂nh¿ {]Xn- \ n- [ n- I - f m- b n. Imºbns‚ XpS¿ ]≤-Xn-I-fpsS \SØn- ∏ n\p {]mtbm- K nI cq]w \¬In. h≠q¿ A_vZp-d-lvam≥ ss^kn A[y- £ X hln- ® p. kpsse-am≥ kJm^n amfn-tb°¬, aPoZv I°m-Sv, apl-ΩZv ]dhq¿ hnhn[ skj- \ p- I ƒ°v t\XrXzw \¬In.

kp∂n-thmbvkv

ssiJv Poem-\n(-d)-bpsS

A´y-\n-an-j-§Ä ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) ]d™p: "aI-t\, Fs‚ ico-cØnse Hmtcm `mKhpw \nb-{¥n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ hn[Øn¬ thZ-\n-°p-∂p-≠v. ]t£, Fs‚ Bflmhv am{Xw Cu thZ-\-bn¬ \n∂v ap‡-ambn \n¬°p-I-bmWv. Fs‚ lrZ-b-Øn\v Hcp thZ-\-bp-an-√ bmk¿ Ad-^mØv \qdm\n Bflob temIw thZ- \ - t bmsS ]I- ® p- \ n∂ \nanjw. Ct∏mƒ ssiJv A_vZp¬Jm-Zn¿ Poem-\n(-d) Xs‚ Pohn-XØns‚ Akm\ \nan-jß - f - n-em-Wv. a°ƒ sXm´-Sp-Øp-≠v. ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) ]Xps° kwkm-cn®p XpSßn: "Bflm¿∞-X-tbmsS am{Xw A√m-lp-hns\ Bcm-[n-°p-I. Bscbpw `b-s∏-S-cpXv; A√m-lp-hns\ Hgn-sI. F√mw Ah-\n¬ \n∂v {]Xo-£n-°p-I. kzbw A√m-lp-hn¬ A¿∏n-°p-I. ImcWw F√m-Øn-s‚bpw tI{µw Ah-\m-Wv. Ah-\n¬ am{Xw A`bw tXSp-I. A√mlp GI-\mWv F∂-XmWv G‰hpw henb kXyw.' ssiJv Poem-\n(-d)°v acW thZ\ XpS-ßn. acWw At±lsØ kao-]n-°p-∂p, thZ\ IqSp-∂p. aplvbn-±o≥ ssiJv(-d) a°sf ASp-tØ°p hnfn®p ]d™p: "bYm¿∞-Øn¬ \n߃ Fs‚ F{Xtbm AI-se-bm-Wv. \ap-°n-S-bn¬ BIm-ihpw `qanbpw XΩn-ep≈ Zqc-ap-≠v. tIhew Fs‚ icocw am{X-amWv \n߃°-cn-In-ep-≈-Xv. AIw a‰p Nne-cpsS IqsS-bm-Wv.' a°ƒ izmk-a-S-°n-∏n-Sn®p \n∂p. ssiJv(-d) XpS¿∂p: "ChnsS \nßsf IqSmsX a‰p Nne-cpsS IqSn km∂n[yw Rm\dn-bp-∂p. \n߃ Ah¿°v Cu apdn-bn¬ kuI-cy-߃ Hcp-°ns°m-Sp-°p-I. A√m-lp-hns‚ dlvaXv CXm h∂n-cn-°p-∂p. \n߃ Ah¿°v Hcp _p≤n-ap´pw D≠m-°-cp-Xv.' a°-fmb ssiJv A_vZp¿d-kmJpw ssiJv aqkbpw ssiJv A_vZp¬ Akokpw ssiJv A_vZp¬ P∫mdpw \nd-I-Æp-ItfmsS t\m°n-\n¬t° ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) c≠p ssIIfpw Db¿Øn ]d™p: "hA-sse-Ip-ap- emw hd-lva-Xp-√mln h_-dIm-Xp-lp.' tijw ssiJv(-d) ]d™p: \n߃s°-¥-dnbmw? F\n°v Bscbpw t]Sn-bn-√. ac-W-Zq-X-\mb amem-Jsbt∏mepw. A√mlp-hns\ A√msX Rm≥ Bsc `b-s∏-SWw?

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

40


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aI≥ ssiJv aqk Hm¿°p∂p: "Ah-km\ \nanjw ]nXmhv Xlveo¬ Bh¿Øn®v sNm√n-s°mt≠-bn-cp-∂p. At±-lØns‚ i_vZw ]Xps° IqSp-X¬ Kuc-h-ap-≈-Xmbn. ]n∂oSv ]nXm-hns‚ i_vZw "A√mlv A√mlv A√mlv' F∂v am{X-am-bn

At∏mƒ ssiJv A_vZp¬ Akokv `hy-XtbmsS tNm-Zn®p: "{]nb-s∏´ ]nXm-th, Ct∏mƒ F¥p Xcw thZ-\b - mWv Xm¶ƒ A\p-`h - n-°p-∂Xv? Ct∏m-gsØ Ahÿ R߃°p ]d-™p-X-cq.' ssiJv Poem\n {]Xn- h - N n®p: "Ct∏mƒ Ft∂mSv H∂pw tNmZn-°-cp-Xv. Rm\n-t∏mƒ A√mlp-hns‚ Adn-hnepw Pem-en-ø-Ønepw A`n-c-an-°pI-bm-Wv.' \n»- _ v Z - X . A¬]w Ign™v A_v Z p¬ Akokv ho≠pw tNmZn®p: "]nXm-th, Xm¶ƒ°v F¥p tcmK-amWv ]nSn-s]-´n-cn-°p-∂Xv? adp- ] - S n- b mbn ssiJv ( - d ) ]d™p: "Fs‚ tcmKw Adn-bp-∂-h¿ Bcpw Xs∂-bn-√. A√mlp Hcp Imcyw hn[n-°p-∂p. Ahs‚ Adn-hn¬ H∂pw am‰m≥ km[n-°n-√. F√m hn[n-Ifpw am‰-߃°v hnt[-b-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Ahs‚ ⁄m\w Hcn°epw amdn-√. A√mlp Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv ambv®p-If-bm≥ Ah\v Ignhpw A[n-Im-c-hp-ap-≠v. \ap°m¿°pw H∂pw tNmZn-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. ]t£, Ah≥ F√m-h-scbpw tNmZyw sNøpw.'

41

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

B \nanjw aI≥ A_v Z p¬ P∫m¿ A`y¿∞n®p: "]nXm- t h, RßtfmSv ]d- ™ m- e pw. Xm¶- f psS icocw Ct∏mƒ A\p-`-hn-°p∂ thZ\ F¥mWv? ssiJv Poem-\n(-d) ]d™p: "aIt\, Fs‚ ico-cØ - nse Hmtcm `mKhpw \nb-{¥n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ hn[-Øn¬ thZ- \ n- ° p- ∂ p- ≠ v. ]t£, Fs‚ Bflmhv am{Xw Cu thZ-\-bn¬ \n∂v ap‡- a mbn \n¬°p- I - b m- W v . Fs‚ lrZ-b-Øn\v Hcp thZ-\-bp-an-√. AXv A√m- l p- h ns‚ km∂n[yw sIm≠v B\µ \n¿hr-Xn-bn-em-Wv.' ASn-abpw kvt\l-`m-P\ - hpw I≠pap-´p∂ aplq¿Ø-am-bn. ssiJv Poem\n(- d )- b psS Bflmhv tXSn- b n- c p∂ A\¿L \nan-jw. Bfl-\n¿hr-Xn-bpsS ]c-tIm-Sn-bn¬ ac-W-Øns‚ hc-h-dnbn®v aplvbn-±o≥ ssiJv(-d) ]Xps° ]d™p: "A√m- l p- h n¬ \n∂v klmbw. Bcm-[-\-°¿l≥ A√mlp am{X-am-Ip-∂p. G‰hpw ]cn-ip-≤\pw Ah≥ Xs∂. emC-eml C√-√mlp apl-ΩZv dkq-ep-√m-lv.' aI≥ ssiJv aqk Hm¿°p∂p: "Ah-km\ \nanjw ]nXmhv Xlveo¬ Bh¿Øn®v sNm√n-s°m-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ i_vZw ]Xps° IqSpX¬ Kuc-h-ap-≈-Xm-bn. ]n∂oSv ]nXmhns‚ i_v Z w "A√mlv A√mlv A√mlv' F∂v am{X-am-bn. A√mlp Ahn-SpsØ ta¬ \nXy-im¥n sNmcnb-s´.

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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XmPp¬ Dea kønZv A_vZp-d-lvam≥ A¬ _pJmcn D≈mƒ, kønZv C_vdmlnw Jeoep¬ _pJmcn

Alvep-ss_Xv Xmh-gn-bnse c≠p Xe-ap-d-I-f-psS ]fin-X-t\Xr-Xzw. Ch¿ ]c-kv]cw D≈p-Xp-d-°p-tºmƒ tIc-f-Øn\v ]Tn°m-t\-sd. aAvZ- n≥ F≥Iu-anbw kπn-sa‚nse IqSn-°m-gvNb - psS {][m\ `mK-߃ ChnsS ]p\x-{]-kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂p...

AÃm-lp-hn-s\-b-ÃmsX Bsc t]Sn-¡m³! ? Btcbpw IqkmØ Hcp {]Ir-Xam-Wt√m DkvXm-Zn\v? A√m-lp-hn-s\-b-√msX Btcbpw Iqtk≠ Bh-iy-an-√. A√m-lp-hns‚ Zo\ns‚ hnj-b-Øn¬ kXyw Xpd∂p ]d-bm≥ Btcbpw t]Sn-°-cp-Xv. ]d-bm\p-≈Xv cmjv{So-b-°m-c-\m-sW-¶nepw al√v IΩn-‰n-bm-sW-¶nepw a{¥n-bm-sW¶nepw kXy-amWv ]d-tb-≠-Xv. hnip≤ Ckvem-an-s\-Xn-sc-bmWv Ifn hcp-∂-sX¶n¬ ]ns∂-¥n\v t\m°n \n¬°-Ww. A√m-lp-hns\ am{Xw `b-s∏-Sp-tºm-gmWv Hcmƒ ]cn-]q¿W apAvan\m-Ip-∂-Xv. kp∂n-thmbvkv

? kXy- Ø n\v apºn¬ Btcbpw IqkmØ {]IrXw, \nd™ ]mfinXyw, Hcp t\Xr-Xz--Øn-\m-h-iy-amb Cu KpWß-sf√mw Fß-s\-bmWv Xß-fn¬ ktΩfn-®-Xv? Aßs\sbm∂p-an-√. ]ns∂ Fs∂ Cu cq]Øn¬ hf¿Øn- b Xv ]nXmhv kønZv A_q- _ - ° ¿ Ip™n- t °mb Xßfpw amXmhv leoa F∂ Ip™n-_ohn-bp-am-Wv. Ah-cpsS cm{Xnbpw ]Iepap≈ Bcm-[-\-Iƒ Fs∂ kzm[o\n-®n-´p≠v. alm-∑m-cmb køn-Z-∑mcpw ]fin-X∑m-cp-sams° ho´n¬ h∂m¬ Rßsf 2014 am¿®v 1˛15

42


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ImWn®v DΩ ]dbpw, a°ƒ Ben-ap-I-fm-Im≥ ZpB sNø- W w. \∂mbn ]Tn- ° m\pw Bcm[\Iƒ IrXy-ambn \n¿∆-ln-°p-∂X - nepw DΩ Ft∏mgpw {i≤n-®p. ? Ahn-SpsØ ]T-\-Po-hnXw tIƒ°p-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ ]pXnb Xe-ap-d°v amXr-I-bm-bncn-°pw. ]T\ ImeØv PohnXw ]T-\-Øn\v \o°n sh°m≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. Hscm‰ ¢mkp-w Hgn-hm°m-sX-bmWv ]T\w \S-Øn-b-Xv. ]T\w apSßm-Xn-cn-°m≥ {]tXyIw {i≤n-®p. F\n°v BsI apS-ßn-bXv Akvam-D- n-Ø-bnse aq∂p ss_Øp-I-fm-Wv. HmXp-∂-Xv, ]Tn-°p-∂Xv A∏t∏mƒ a\x]mTam-°pw. Ct∏m-gsØ apX-A-√nap-I-fmWv \msf ChnsS Zo\v \ne-\n¿tØ-≠Xv. aX-]-T-\-cwKw Kuc-h-ambn \mw FSp-Øn-´ns√-¶n¬ Zo\n\v Hcp \jvS-hp-an-√. A√m-lphns‚ Zo≥ Ah≥ A¥y-\mƒ hsc Ah≥ \ne-\n¿Øpw. B \ne-\n¿Ø¬ \Ωn-eq-sS-bmbm¬ \mw c£-s∏-´p. At∏mƒ AXn\v th≠nbmWv \mw {ian-t°-≠-Xv. ? tIc-f-Øn-en-t∏mƒ Ahn-SpsØ t\XrXz-Øn-eq-sS-bmWv hnip≤ Zo\v \ne-\n¿Øns°m-≠n-cn-°p∂Xv. AtX, ]cn- i p- ≤ - a mb Ckv e mw F∂ Hscm‰ e£y-Øn-eqsS {]h¿Øn-°p-∂h - ¿ \mw am{X-am-Wv. a‰p-≈-h¿s°ms° ]e e£y-ßfp-≠v. ÿm]\w \S-ØpI-bm-bmepw kwLS\m {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fm-bmepw AXn\v klm-bn°- e m- b mepw AXv am{X- a mWv . A√msX cmjv{Sob ]m¿´nbpw {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fp-sam∂pw \ΩpsS `mK-a-√. ? cmjv{So-b-]-c-ambn Xß-fpsS hne-bn-cpØ-ep-Ifpw {]Jym-]-\-ßfpw ]e-t∏mgpw tIcf-Øns‚ cm{jv{Sob Zni Xncn®p hn´n-´p-≠v. Rm≥ ]d-™nt√ \ΩpsS e£yw H∂pam-{X-am-Wv. hnip≤ Zo≥, Alvep-kp-∂Øp h¬ PamA ChnsS at‰Xv {]ÿm-\-ß-tf°mfpw Db¿∂v \n¬°-Ww. AXn-\m-h-iy-amb hne- b n- c p- Ø - e p- I fpw {]Jym- ] - \ - ß - f p- a mWv Rm≥ \S-Øn-b-Xv. \ΩpsS ]finX k`-bmb ka-kvXb - psS Xocp-am-\a - m-WX - v. \ap°v cmjv{Sobtam ]¿´n- I tfm H∂pw th≠. F∂m¬ kp∂Øv Pam- A - Ø ns‚ A`n- a m- \ - Ø ns‚ hnjbw h∂m¬ Iøpw sI´n t\m°n \n¬°psa∂v Bcpw Icp-tX-≠. AsXms° F√mh¿°pw Adn-bp-a-t√m. ? hc-°¬ ap√-t°mb Xß-fpsS hmXnen\v apºn¬ aWn-°q-dp-I-tfmfw cmjv{Sob

43

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

Xºp-cm-°-∑m¿ ImØp \n∂n-cp∂ B Hcp {]Xm] Ime-amWv Ct∏mƒ Xncn®p ]nSn-®ncn-°p-∂-Xv. ]fin- X - ∑ m- c psS IX- I n\v apºn¬ ImØp \n¬t°-≠-h-cmWv cmjv{So-b-°m¿. A√msX cmjv{So-b-°m-cpsS Xocp-am-\-Øn-\\p-kc - n®v Zo≥ hymJym-\n-t°-≠h - c - √ ]finX- ∑ m¿. ]fin- X - ∑ m¿ ]mfin- X yhpw ]mfinXy- Ø n- \ - \ p- k - c n® {]h¿Ø- \ hpap≈hcm-hW - w. F∂m¬ F√m-hcpw hmXnen\p apºn¬ ImØp InS-°pw. ? kakvX tIcf PwC-ø-Øp¬ Dea F∂ ]fin-X-k` ÿm]nX e£y-ß-fn¬ \n∂v hgn-am-dn-b-t∏mƒ Xß-fpsS t\Xr-XzØn¬ ]p\x-kw-L-Sn-∏n-®p. [oc-amb B ]p\kw-L-S\m Xocp-am-\sØ C∂v Fß-s\bmWv ImWp-∂-Xv. Aiv d - ^ p¬ J¬Jv (kz)bpsSbpw kzlm- _ - Ø n- s ‚bpw ]mX ]n≥]- ‰ p∂ \ap°v tIc-f-Øn¬ BcpsS k¿´n-^n-°-‰nt‚bpw Bh-iy-an-√. F√m-hcpw `b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv \ΩpsS hf¿®- b m- W v . A∂v ]p\- x kwLSn∏n®n-√m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ C∂v apPm-lnZpw Pam-AsØ Ckvem-anbpw a‰p _nZv-A-ØvImcp- s a√mw C∂p- ≈ - X ns‚ c≠n- c - ´ n- b mbn hf¿∂n-´p-≠m-Ip-sa-∂p-d∏ - m-Wv. AXv sIm≠mWt√m Ch¿ F√m-hcpw IqSn Ct∏mƒ \mw Hcp i‡n-b-s√∂v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {ian°p-∂-Xv. shdp-sX-bm-W-Xv. Ah¿°-dn-bnt√ _nZv-AØv ChnsS \S-°m-ØXv \ΩpsS {]Xn-tcm[ i‡n sIm≠m-sW-∂v? ASpØ F{X Xe-apd hsc-bp≈ _nZv-A-Øn-s\bpw kp∂Øv Pam- A - Ø ns‚ i{Xp- ° sfbpw XI¿°m-\p≈ BZ¿i ]fin-X-∑msc \mw Xøm-dm°n Ign-™p. a\- n-em-bn-t√? ? Ahn-SpsØ D]-tZiw hnizm-kn-Ifpw {]h¿Ø-Icpw Bth-it- ØmsS kzoI-cn-°pw. Bflm-hns‚ Imcy-amWv ]d-bm-\p-≈-Xv. \ΩpsS ico-cw, hoSv, ]cn-k-cw, CS-]m-Sp-Iƒ F√mw `wKn- b m- b n- ´ mWv \S- ° p- ∂ - X v. hrØnbpw shSn-∏p-sam-s°-bp-≠v. F∂m¬ Bflm-hns‚ Ahÿ hfsc tami-am-Wv. In_vdpw Akq-bbpw tZjyhpw ]I-bp-sa√mw \ΩpsS a\- p-If - n¬ Pohn-°p-∂p-≠v. CXn¬ \n∂v a\- ns\ IgpIn hrØn-bm-°-Ww. AXn-\p≈ tkm∏mWv ZnIvdp-Iƒ. ZnIvdp-Iƒ ]Xn-hm-°p-I. l±mZv dmØo_v Pohn-X-Øn¬ ]men-°p-I. \ΩpsS a\-s √mw ip≤-am-Ipw. tIs´-gpØv: ssk^p√ Np¶-Ød

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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Ncn-{X-hn-Nmcw

sImcqÀ Xzco-J¯pw

ssiJnsâ "Idm-a¯pw' 1979 am¿®v 16˛se kp∂n-thm-bvkn¬ sImcq¿ Xzco-J-Øns‚ D≈pI-≈n-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ teJ\w ImWmw. _m∏p®n AIv_¿ F∂ io¿j-I-Øn¬ a¿lqw ]n]n aplvbn-±o≥ Ip´n apkven-bm¿ ]md∂q¿ BWv AsX-gp-Xn-b-Xv

a\p-jys\ Bflo-b-ambn D∂-Xnbn-se-Øn-°m-\p≈ hnip-≤-cpsS am¿Kam-Wt√m Xzco-J-Øv. tbmKy-\m-sbmcp ssiJn-s\-bmWv ]n¥p-S-tc-≠-Xv. B tbmKy- X - I ƒ Fs¥- √ m- a m- s W∂v ]fin-X¿ ]d-™n-´p-ap-≠v. F∂m¬ tbmKy-c-√m-Ø-h¿ ssiJmbn Na-bpIbpw hymP- Xz-co-JØv {]N-cn-∏n-°pIbpw sNøp-∂Xv Ncn-{X-Ønepw h¿Øam-\-Ønepw A]q¿h-a-√. AØ-c-Ønsem-∂mWv sImcq¿ ssiJpw At±-lØns‚ Xzco-J-Øpw. AXn-s\-°p-dn®v ]T\w \S-Ønb kakvX ]fin-X¿ hymP-am-sW∂v ap∂-dn-bn∏v \¬Ip-I-bp≠m-bn. 1979 am¿®v 16˛se kp∂n- t hmbvkn¬ sImcq¿ Xzco-J-Øns‚ D≈pI-≈n-Isf Ipdn-®p≈ teJ\w ImWmw. _m∏p®n AIv _ ¿ F∂ io¿j- I Øn¬ a¿lqw ]n]n aplvbn-±o≥ Ip´n

kp∂n-thmbvkv

apkven-bm¿ ]md-∂q¿ BWv AsX-gp-Xn-bXv. teJ-\Øn¬ \n∂v: "ka-kvX-bpsS Bcw` L´-Øn-emWv sImcq¿ ssiJv (tIm-gn-t°mSv Pn√-bnse sImSp-h-≈n°v kao-]-ap≈ ]pØ≥ho´nse aΩ-ZvIp-´n) Xs‚ \qX\ kn≤m-¥hp- a mbn {]Xy- £ - s ∏- S p- ∂ - X v . Imd¬ am¿Ivkn-s‚bpw GwK¬kn-s‚bpw IayqWnÃv kn≤m¥w t]mse kmº-Øn-tIm∂-Xn-°mWv ssiJv {]mapJyw \¬In-bXv. (A-\p-bm-bn-I-fpsS kmº-Øn-tIm-∂-a\-a-√, ssiJn-s‚bpw IpSpw-_-Øn-s‚bpw am{Xw ]ptcm-K-Xn.) Xs∂ kao-]n-°p-∂h¿s°mcp ]m{Xw "ambm- P mew' \¬In°gn-™m¬ ]n∂oSv ssiJv ]d-bp∂-Xn-e-∏p-d-an-√. ]c-tem-I-tam£w e`y-amh-W-sa-¶n¬ kzsØ√mw F\n°p \¬IW-sa∂ hA-fm-WmZyw \¬Ip-∂-Xv..... Cßs\ ]mh-s∏-´-h-cpsS kzsØ√mw

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

44


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ssI°-em°n kº-∂\ - m-sW∂v t_m[y-amb-tijw Xm\pw A\p-bm-bn-I-fpw IqSn ]cnip-≤-amb Zo\n-s\-Xnsc Xncn-bp-I-bmWv sNbvXX - v. A¥y-{]-hm-NI - sc ]‰n sX‰n-≤mc-W-bp-≠m-°p∂ hnizmkw, Jp¿-B-\ns\ ]cn- l - k n- ® p- s Im- ≠ p≈ P¬]- \ - ß ƒ, Ckvem-ans‚ ASn-ÿm\ {]am-W-߃°p IS-Ih - n-cp-≤a - mb {]Jym-]\ - ß - ƒ, A√m-lphn- s \- ° mfpw dkq- e n- s \- ° mfpw _m∏p®n(ssi-Jv)°Sn-ÿm-\w, A√mlp AIv_-dn\p ]Icw _m∏p®n AIv_¿, CØcw sXfn-hp-I-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Cu hn`mKw Ckvem-an¬ \n∂pw ]pd-Øpt]m- b - h - c m- s W∂p A∂sØ ]fin- X hyqlw GI- I - W vT- a mbn {]ym]n- ® p. AtXmsS apkvenw Bcm-[\m tI{µ-ßfnepw a‰pw Ah¿°v {]th-i\w \ntcm-[n°-s∏-´p.' ssiJv hymP-\m-sW-∂-Xn\v teJ-\Ønse Hcp ]cm-a¿iw CXmWv: "Hcn-°¬ kp{]-kn≤ kq^n-hc - y\pw ]fin-X\ - p-am-bncp∂ a¿lqw kpsse- a m≥ apkv e n- b m¿ ssiJns\ kµ¿in-®p. Rm≥ \nß-fpsS apcoZv (in-jy≥) BIm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂psh∂p ]d- ™ - t ∏mƒ "Bbn- s °m≈q' F∂p adp- ] - S n- b p- ≠ m- b n. (kp- s se- a m≥ apkv e n- b m¿ ssiJns\ ]co- £ n- ° m≥ t]mb-Xm-sW∂v hmb-\-°m¿ {Kln-°p-a-

Xpd∂p t\m°ptºmƒ \ndsb Idns®-ºp-Iƒ. ssiJnep≈ apco-Zp-am-cpsS Cuam≥ i‡n-s∏-Sp∂-Xn\v CXn-e-∏p-dsa¥v Idm-a-Øv. F∂m¬ Cu Idn ]mIw sNbvXp-sIm-SpØ-h¿ I≈-Øcw a\- n-em-°n-s°m≠v Ckvem-an-te°p Xs∂ aS-ßn-

45

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

t√m.) At∏mƒ apkven-bm¿ Hcm-hiyw DW¿Øn®p. H∂p Ipfn-°W - w, AXn\p NqSp-sh≈w thWw. ssiJpw Ipfn-°m≥ IqS-Ww. AXmWv apcoZm-hm≥ t]mIp∂ apkven-bm-cpsS B{K-lw. hg-ßp-I-b√msX ssiJn\p \n¿hm-l-an-√msX h∂p. At∏mtg°pw sh≈w NqSmb hnhcw In´n. sh≈w NqSmbm¬ am{Xw t]mc. sh´n-Øn-f-°-W-sa-∂mbn apkven-bm¿. B sh´n-Øn-f® sh≈w apkven-bm¿ kz¥w ico-cØ - n-sem-gn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bt- ∏m-tg°pw BSns\ sh≈- Ø n- t e°p hen°pw {]Imcw ssiJv ]nt∂m-´p-am-dm≥ XpS-ßn. Idm-a-Øp≈ ssiJns\ apkv e n- b m¿ ]e- h ´w hnfn- ® n´pw At±lw h∂n-s√∂p am{X-a-√, t]Sn-®p-hn-d®p t]mhp-I-bp-≠m-bn. XZ-h-kcw \o I≈-\m-sW∂pw ]d™p apkven-bm¿ ÿew hn´p.' ssiJns‚ Hcp Idm-a-Øv(?) hni-Zo-I-cn-°p∂Xv Cßs\: "ae-∏pdw Pn√-bnse Nne A\p-bmbn-Isf B≠p-Zn-\-Øn\p sXm´-SpØ Znhkw clky-ambn hcp-Øp-Ibpw `£-W-Øn-\p≈ Idn ]mIw sNøp-Ibpw Xs‚ Ad-bn¬ cl-ky-ambn sh°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]nt‰ Znhkw `£Ww ]mIw sNøm≥ HØm- i - ° m¿ FØn- b - t ∏mƒ ssiJv Kuc-h-kz-`m-h-Øn¬ ]d™p: "\n߃ Acn-`-£Ww am{Xw ]mIw sNbvXm¬ aXn.' Idn ]mIw sNtøt≠? h\oX kzc-Øn¬ apco-Z-∑m¿ Bcm-™p. "th≠, ka-bØp Idn Rm≥ Xcpw' H´pw Kuchw Ipd-°msX ssiJv Bt{Im-in-®p. ssiJns‚ G‰hpw hen-sbmcp Idm-aØv ImWm≥ t]mIp-∂p-sh∂ Nmcn-Xm¿∞y-tØmsS A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ ImØn-cp-∂p. Acn-`£ - Ww hnf-tº≠p∂ kabw. BImw-£-m`-cn-X-cmb P\w ImØncp-∂p. At∏m-tg°pw ssiJns‚ hnfn D≠mbn: "Cu hmXn¬ Xpd-°q.' Xpd∂p t\m°p-tºmƒ \ndsb Idn-s®-ºp-Iƒ. ssiJn-ep≈ apco-Zp-am-cpsS Cuam≥ i‡n-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn\v CXn-e-∏p-d-sa¥v Idma-Øv. F∂m¬ Cu Idn ]mIw sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-Øh¿ I≈-Øcw a\- n-em-°n-s°m≠v Ckvem-ante°p Xs∂ aS-ßn-sb-∂mWv ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. CØcw kw`-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂v ssiJn-s\bpw A\p-bm-bn-I-sfbpw samØ-Øn¬ \ap°v a\- nem- ° m≥ Ign- b pw. F∂m¬ _tØ- c n- ° - S pØ ]pØ≥Ip∂n¬ apkvenw-Iƒ \S-Ønb aX-{]-kwK kZ- n-te°v amc-Im-bp-[ß - f - p-ambn IS-∂m-{I-an-°pIbpw Hcmsf h[n-°p-Ibpw H´-\-h[n t]sc ]cnt°¬∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvX-tXm-Sp-IqSn Ch-cpsS e£yw F¥m-sW∂v Gsd-°psd hy‡-am-bn-°gn- ™ p. {]K¤ ]fin- X - \ mb hmWn- b - º ew A_vZp-d-lvam≥ apkven-bm-cS°-ap≈ ]e ]finX-scbpw h[n-°¬ Ch-cpsS ]cn-]m-Sn-bm-bn-cp-∂psh-∂-dn-™p. ]t£, A√mlp ImØp. A¬lwZp-en-√m-lv.' teJ\w Ah-km-\n-°p-∂p.

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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h\n-Xm tIm¿W¿

\Ã hoSv˛10 C_vdmlnw SnF≥ ]pcw

au\w hmNmew amXr-kvt\lw ]cn-]m-h-\-amWv; ]cnip-≤-am-Wv. AXp-]-t£, kzm¿∞-X-bpsS IpSp- p-ap-dn-bn¬ HXp-ßn-bmtem? ^pssP-dbnse CSp-ßnb apdn-bn¬ c≠p s]´n sI´p∂ k°o-dns\ Iq´p-Im¿ AXn-i-btØmsS t\m°n. Ch-\n-sX-¥p-]‰n? F¥n\mWv kplrtØ, `mcy-ho-´n-te°v am{Xw Hcp s]´n? Ah¿ tNmZn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cp∂p. k°o-dns‚ ad-p]Sn I\Ø au\w am{Xw. AsXms° Rm≥ h∂n´p ]dbmw F∂p ]d™v Ah≥ hnjbw am‰p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. DΩ-bpsS bYm¿∞ apJw I≠-Xv, k°o¿ IeymW tij-am-Wv. ]mh-s∏´ ho´nse Ip´n-bm-bXp sIm≠mhmw kvt\ltØmsS Hcp hm°v ssk\p-hn-t\mSv DΩ ]d-™Xv Hm¿a-bn-√. ]pe¿s® \mep-aWn°v hmXn-en¬ ap´n, Ahsf Fgpt∂¬∏n®v ASp-°-f-bn-em°n Iq¿°w hen°p∂ HcpΩ Xs‚ ho´nte ImWq F∂v k°o¿ Dd-∏n-®p. Ic-bm-\-√msX ssk\phn\v ka-b-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Fs¥-¶nepw Ip‰w Is≠Øn DΩ Ahsf ]oUn-∏n-®psIm-≠n-cp-∂p. IeymWw Ign-™-Xns‚ c≠mw amkw. ASpØbmgvN k°o-dn\v aS-tß≠Xm-Wv. c≠p Znhkw `mcysb X\n®p In´-W-sa∂v k°o¿ B{K-ln-®p. AXn-\mbn Ah-s\mcp bm{X πm≥ sNbvXp. hb-\m-´nse Iq´p-Imcs‚ ho´n-te-°v. Ah¿°pw kt¥m-j-am-bncp-∂p. hmS-I-°m-sW-¶nepw Hcp hml-\hpw k°o¿ Xc-s∏-Sp-Øn. Hcp s]cp-∂m-fns‚ Bc-hw-t]mse Ah¿ F√mw Hcp-°n-sh-®p. ho´n-se-√mhcpw kΩ-Xn-®p. C{Xbpw Zqsc bm{X

kp∂n-thmbvkv

DΩ-bpsS bYm¿∞ apJw k°o¿ I≠-Xv, IeymW tij-am-Wv. ]mh-s∏´ ho´nse Ip´n-bm-bXp sIm≠mhmw kvt\ltØmsS Hcp hm°v ssk\p-hn-t\mSv DΩ ]d-™Xv Hm¿a-bn-√

sNbvXv s]m√m∏v hcp-Øn-sh-°tWm F∂v A\njvSw {]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥ DΩ ad-∂n-√. Hcp hn[w \n¿_-‘n-®mWv k°o¿ kΩXw hmßn-b-Xv. ImeØv aq∂p-a-Wnt° Fgp-t∂‰v Ahƒ Krl-tPm-en-Iƒ XpS-ßn-bn-cp-∂p. k¿hw Xo¿Øn-´p-th-Ww, bm{X XpSßm≥... C\n AXns‚ t]cn¬ DΩs°mcp ]cn-`hw ths≠∂v Ahƒ AS°w ]d-bp-Ibpw sNbvXp. F√mw ¢o≥. h≠n-bn¬ _mKpIƒ FSp-Øp-sh-®p. ssk\p {U v sNøp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. At∏mƒ, DΩbpsS apdn-bn¬ \n∂v Hcp \ne-hnfn tIƒ°p-∂p. ]m™p-sN-∂-t∏mƒ I≠ ImgvN, DΩ apdn-bn¬ ImepsX∂n hoW-Xm-Wv. Fgpt∂¬°m≥ hømsX Fcn-s]mcn sIm≈p-∂p. k°odpw `mcybpw apJm-apJw t\m°n. Ah-cpsS IÆp-Iƒ XΩn¬ kwkm-cn-®p. AtXmsS bm{X t¢mkv. Sqdv t]mth≠ h≠n, DΩ-sbbpw sIm≠v Bkv]-{Xn-bn-te-°v. πmÃ-dn´v c≠p amksØ hn{iaw IqSn \n›2014 am¿®v 1˛15

46


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h\n-Xm tIm¿W¿

bn-®-tXmsS ssk\p-hn\v \n∂p Xncn-bm≥ ka-ban-√m-Xm-bn. F∂n´pw Hcp \√ hm°v DΩ-bn¬ \n∂v C°mew hsc tI´n-t´-bn-√. k°o-dn-t∏m-gpw Hm¿°p∂p B kmbm-”w. Ahs‚ `mcym-am-Xmhpw ]nXmhpw Xs∂ bm{Xbm-°m≥ h∂-Xm-Wv. DΩ-bpsS apdn-bn¬ Ah¿ sNe-h-gn-®Xv \m¬]-Ø©p an\n-‰v. F∂n-´pw, Hcp kvt\lm-t\z-jWw DΩ-bpsS \mhn¬ ]qØn√. F¥mWv ssk\p sNbvX sX‰v? Ahƒ ]mhs∏´ ho´n¬ \n∂p h∂tXm? DΩ-bpsS Imep-]nSn°mw Rm≥, Fs‚ `mcy-tbm-sSm∂v kvt\ltØmsS s]cp-am-dtW F∂n-ßs\ Ahs‚ a\ v hnßmØ Zn\-cm-{X-ß-fn-√. Cu hnh-c-ß-sfms° Iq´p-Im-tcmSv ]d-™v, ho´nse Ncn{Xw amtd≠ F∂p Icp-Xn-bmWv k°o¿ au\-Øns‚ tXmWn-bn¬ Ib-dn-b-Xv. c≠p sIm√w Ign™p Xncn®p sN√p-tºmƒ `mcysb am{Xw Ipd®p Znhkw In´m≥ F¥mWp sNøpI F∂ Nn¥-bn-em-bn-cp∂p Ah≥. A∂p cm{Xn k°o¿ DΩsb hnfn®p; Hcp hn[w Ah≥ ]d-s™m-∏n-®Xv Cßs\: "DΩm, \msf Rm≥ \m´n¬ hcp-∂p. IqsS Ad-_nbpw `mcy-bp-ap-≠v. Ah¿ NnIn-’-°mbn hcn-I-bm-Wv. c≠mgvN Ah-cpsS IqsS \n¬°-Ww. Ah¿°v `£-Whpw a‰pw D≠m-°n-s°m-Sp-°-W-sa-∂mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Fs‚ `mcysb \n¿Ø-W-sa∂v Ah¿ hmin ]nSn-°p-∂p. kΩ-Xn-®n-s√-¶n¬ tPmen sXdn-°pw. F¥p sNøpw? Fb¿t]m¿´nte°v hcp-tºmƒ ssk\p-hn-s\bpw sIm≠p-h-cWw. etKPv \n߃ sIm≠p-t]m-h-Ww. c≠mgvN Ign-™m¬ Ad-_nbpw `mcybpw t]mIpw. A∂v R߃ ho´n¬ hcmw. DΩ kΩ-Xn-°-Ww, πokv.' a\- n√m a\-t m-sS-bm-sW-¶nepw DΩ

k°odpw `mcybpw apJm-apJw t\m°n. Ah-cpsS IÆp-Iƒ XΩn¬ kwkm-cn®p. AtXmsS bm{X t¢mkv. Sqdv t]mth≠ h≠n, DΩ-sbbpw sIm≠v Bkv]-{Xn-bn-te-°v. πmÃ-dn´v c≠p amksØ hn{iaw IqSn \n›-bn-®tXmsS ssk\p-hn\v \n∂p Xncn-bm≥ ka-b-an-√m-Xm-bn

47

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

kΩXw aqfn. c≠p h≠n-bmWv k°o-dn-s\-tØSn Fb¿t]m¿´n-seØn-b-Xv. AXn-sem∂v `mcy-ho-´n¬ \n∂m-bn-cp-∂p. \m´nse h≠n hcp∂-Xn\p apºv Hcp etK-Pp-ambn AXp t]mbn. c≠m-aXp h≠n hcptºmƒ Ad-_nbpw (GtXm Hcp bm{X-°m-c≥) k°odpw Fb¿t]m¿´n¬ \n∂n-dßn hcn-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. ]ns∂-sb√mw sRmSn-bn-Sbn¬. `mcysb H‰°p In´nb kt¥mj-Øn¬ k°o¿ F√m {]bm-kßfpw ad∂p. B c≠m-gvN-bmWv Ah¿°v ad-°m≥ ]‰mØ Zn\-cm-{X߃. a[p-hn-[phpw Sqdpw knbm-dØp-ambn Ah¿ ]d-∂p-\-S-∂p. IrXyw ]Xn-\mdmw Znhkw k°odpw `mcybpw Xncn-s®-Øn. ho´p-Im¿°v Hcp kwi-bhpw sImSp°msX Ahƒ Xs‚ tdmƒ `wKnbmbn \n¿h-ln-®p. CXn-\Iw DΩbpw s]ß-∑mcpw tN¿∂v etKPv th≠-co-Xn-bn¬ ssIImcyw sNbvXncp-∂p. B¿°v Fs¥ms° sImSpØp F∂p k°o¿ At\z-jn-®n-√. F¶nepw `mcy-ho-´n-te°v F¥m-Wh¿ \o°n-sh-®-sX-∂-dn-bm≥ Ah\v IuXp-I-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]nt‰ Znhkw hncp-∂n-\n-d-ßn-bt∏mƒ c≠p anTm-bn-bp-ambn DΩ h∂p. "CXm, CXv ssk\qs‚ ho´n¬ sImSp-tØm-fq.' DS≥ CS-s]-Sp∂p Hcp s]߃; "F¥m DΩm, c≠p anTm-bn-bmtWm sImSp-°p-∂-Xv.. CXm CXp-IqSn sht®m-fq...' k°o¿ AXpw FÆn t\m°n. IrXyw Fs´-Æw. Ah≥ H∂pw ]d™n√; ]d-™Xv C{X-am{Xw: "DΩm, H‰°p \S-°-t√, Imep sX∂n hogpw...' Ah¿ Cd-ßn-\-S-°p-tºmƒ DΩ t\m°n-\n∂p; Hcp hnjm-Z-Km\w t]mse.

kp∂n-thmbvkv


L ETTER V OICE

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\thm-∞m-\-Øns‚ \ne-hn-f°v C°- g n™ Unkw- _ ¿ 26˛\v tImgnt°mSv \S-°mhv Kh¨sa‚ v tKƒkv kvIqfn¬ Hcp NS- ß p- \ - S - ∂ p. ]{X- ß - f n¬ CXns‚ Nn{Xhpw hm¿Øbpw I≠p. {]nkw ]≤-Xn-{]Imcw \ho-I-cn® kvIqfns‚ DZvLm-S\ NSßn¬ \ne- h n- f °p sImfp- Ø n- b m- b n- c p∂p XpS°w. \ne-hn-f°p sImfp-Øn-bXv tami-°mc-\√; A‘-hn-izm-k-Øn-s\-Xnsc Ipcn-ip-bp≤-Øn\v Cd-ßn-∏p-d-s∏´ HutZym-KnI sIF≥F-Ωns‚ apX-em-fn-bmb D]m-[y-£≥ ]nsI Al-ΩZ- ns‚ ]p{X≥! AlvaZv auehn ]Tn-∏n® Ckvem-anI kwkvImcw CXm-bn-cn-°p-at√m? tijw hnf-°p-sX-fn® acp-a-Isf I≠m¬ Hcp lnµp kv{Xobm-sW∂p sX‰n-≤-cn-s®-¶n¬ sIF≥-FΩ - ns‚ Ckvem-anI {]t_m-[\w hnPbn-s®∂p Icp-Xn-bm¬ aXn. ap≥ apPm-lnZv t\Xmhv \l-bpsS ]p{X\mb hnZym-`ym-ka - {¥n Cu hn-f-°p-I≠v Nncn-°p-∂p. apPm-lnZv \thm∞m-\-Øns‚ tImew! kwÿm\ t\Xmhv tUm. kp¬^n-°¿ \ne-hn-f°v ]qP-\-S-Ønb s]m√m-∏n-\n-S-bn¬ CXv a‰p {Kq∏p-Im¿ {i≤n®n-s√∂p tXm∂p-∂p. Hcp hmb-\-°m-c≥

s]mXp CS-Ønse kv{Xo "Acm-jv{Sob tLmj-bm-{X-I-fn-sem∂pw Bƒ°q-´-ambn amdmsX kz¥w apdn-bpsS kzIm-cy-X-bntem bm{X-bpsS Xncn-°p-]n-Sn® πm‰vt^m-ap-I-fntem hrØn-bp≈ Fhn-sS-sb¶n-epancp∂v XnI®pw kzIm-cy-ambn \nkvI-cn°m≥ Ign-bp∂ ssZh-k¶ - ¬]-Øns‚ NmcpX Chn-sS-bmWv sXfn-™p-hc - p-∂X - v. cq]-an-√mØ ssZhsØ Fhn-sSbpw hnfn°p-Ibpw sshb‡n-I-ambn kwh-Zn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Ckvemanse kv{XoIsf ]≈n-bn-te°v sIm≠p-h-cW-sa∂v ]ptcm-K-a\ hmZn-Iƒ iTn-°p-∂-sX-

kp∂n-thmbvkv

¥n-\mWv? ]≈n-bn-te°v apkvenw kv{XoIsf {]thin-∏n-®m¬ ]ptcm-Ka - \ - a - m-Ip∂p F∂v hniz-kn-°p∂ Hcp aqV-hn-izm-kØ - n\v B kap-Zm-bØ - n-\I - Ø - p≈ a‰-\m-Nm-cß - sf FXn¿°m≥ Ign-bmsX t]mIp-tºmgmWv CØcw imTy-߃°v ]n∂nse e£y-ß-sfIp-dn®v kwi-b-ß-fp-≠m-hp-I.' tUm. Fkv imc-Z-°p´n amXr-`qan BgvN-∏-Xn∏n¬ apºv Fgp-Xn-b-Xm-Wn-Xv. aX-sØ-°p-dn®pw kv{Xosb-°p-dn®pw ]Tn-®h - ¿ {]kw-Kn-°p-Ibpw FgpXp-Ibpw sNøp-I Cß-s\-bm-Wv. A√msX amwkf-amb ico-c-`m-K-߃ hsc ]pd-Øp-Im-Wn®v sXcphn¬ Cdßn ap{Zm-hmIyw hnfn°m\pw {]kw-Kn°m\pw sImSn-]n-Sn-°m-\p-a√ Ckvemw aXw I¬∏n°p-∂-Xv. ssZh-k-¶¬]w, A‘-hn-izmkw t]mse imc-Z-°p-´n-bpsS apI-fnse ho£-W-ß-fn¬ Nne-Xnt\mSv hntbm-Pn-®p-sIm-≠p-Xs∂bmWnXv Ipdn-°p∂-Xv. Cu ]mT-߃ BcmWv aX-]-cn-jvIm-cn-Iƒ°v H∂v HmXn-s°m-Sp-°p-I. apPo_v dlvam≥ kJm^n sh≈m-´p-]-dºv

s]m∂m-\n-sb-°p-dn®v Xs∂ s]m∂m-\n-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Ipdn-∏p-hm-bn-®p. C{XIqSn Iq´n- h m- b n- ° m- s a∂p tXm∂p- ∂ p. aptº hmWnPy tI{µ-am-bn-cp∂ s]m∂m-\n-bn¬ Ggmw \q‰m-≠nte Ckvem-anI {]` hoin-Øp-Sß - n-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp apkvenw tI{µ-ambn Cu \mSv thK-Øn¬ hf¿∂p. A‘-hn-izm-k-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw A\m-Nm-cß-fn¬ \n∂pw Cu {]tZ-i-Øp-Imsc ]ptcm-K-Xnbn-te°v ssI]n-Sn-®p-b¿Øn-bXv JmPm ^co-Zp-±o≥ F∂ kzq^n-hc - y\pw aJvZqw IpSpw-_h - p-am-Wv. {_n´ojp-Im-cpsS B[n-]-Xy-Øn-em-bXp apX¬ s]m∂m\n- b psS {]Xm]w sI´- S - ß n. F∂m¬ C∂v kmwkvIm-cnI NypXn-bn-te°v sX∂n-am-dp-Ib - mtWm Cu \K-cw. _oh-td-Pk - ns‚ IW-°p-]d - b - p∂ kXyam-Wn-Xv. apl-ΩZv Dsshkv Xe-∏md

\nXm-JmXv: C\n-sb¥v ? kDuZn kztZ-in-h¬I-c-W-Øns‚ `mK-ambn \m´n-se-Øn-b-h-cp-sSbpw h∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-h-cpsSbpw FÆw hfsc IqSn-bn-´p-≠v. Ch-cn¬ ]e-cpsSbpw PohnXw Xs∂ hgn-ap-´n-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. C\n F¥p sNøp- s a- ∂ - d n- b msX ]I- ® p- \ n¬°p- ∂ p. PohnXw ]®-]n-Sn-∏n-°m-\m-bn-cp∂p IS-en-\-°sc t]mb-Xv. ]t£, t]mb-Xn-t\-°mƒ thK-Øn¬ ]e¿°pw Xncn-®p-t]m-tc-≠n-h-∂p. Ch¿°p-th≠n F¥p sNbv X p sImSp- ° m- \ m- h p- s a- ∂ mWv \mw t\mt°-≠-Xv, k¿°mdpw. ]W-ap-≠m-hp-tºmƒ \ΩpsS IqsS \S-°m≥ ]e-cp-ap-≠m-hpw. ]W-an-s√¶n¬ Bcp-ap-≠m-hn-√. AØ-cs - am-c\p-`h - a - mWv \nXmJm-Xns‚ Cc-Ifpw t\cnSp-∂-Xv. aplvkn≥ F.sI, X®w-s]m-bn¬

2014 am¿®v 1˛15

48


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t_m¿Up-I-f-psS KXn cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-I-fp-sSbpw Pz√-dn-I-fp-sSbpw t_m¿Up-Iƒ tdmU-cn-Inse \nXy-Im-gvN-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ {]hm- N I {]Io¿Ø\ kZ- p- I - f psS t_m¿Up-Iƒ, AXpw duf/Ad_n Imen-{Km-^n-bp≈h Bhiyw Ign- ™ n´pw FSp- Ø p- a m- ‰ msX s]mSn]nSn®pw Im°-Iƒ hnk¿Pn®pw \n¬°p-∂Xv Zpc-hÿ Xs∂. hnizm-kn-Iƒ°v CXv kln-°m≥ km[n-°n-√. \K-c-ß-fn-ep≈ ip\I h¿K-߃°v Bh-iy-]q¿Øo-I-c-W-Øn\pw aZy-]m-\n-Iƒ°pw t_m¿Uv ad-bm-Ip-∂p. IjvSw Xs∂! lm^nfv A_vZp¬lIow Xncp-thmSv

Pam-A-Øns‚ s]¨hmgvN kv{XoIsf A[n-Imc°tk-c-I-fn¬ CcpØn ]c-]p-cpj kº¿°-Øn\v Ah-kcw \¬Im-sa-¶n¬ I¿a-Ønepw [¿a-Ønepw hn⁄m-\-Ønepw D∂X {]Xn-`-Ifpw amXrIm aln-f-I-fp-amb {]hm-NI ]Xv\n-amsc AXn\v sXc-s™-Sp-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£, AXv Ckvem-anI Ncn-{X-Øn\v A\y-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Pam-AsØ Ckvem-an-°m-cpsS h\n-Xmt{]aw koa-I-sf√mw ewLn®v apt∂-dp-∂p. kv{Xo Ah-Imi [zwk-\Ø - n¬ \n∂v ap‡n t\Sm\pw ]cnc-£n-°m\pw Ckvem-anI kwkvIrXnsb Xnc-kvIcn-°p∂ cq]-Øn-ep≈ ktΩ-f\w Bh-iy-an-√. apl-ΩZv i_o¿ hmWn-ta¬

\√ in£ hnZym¿∞n-Isf ASn-°p∂ A[ym-]-I¿s°Xncmb in£m-\-S-]Sn ]{X-ß-fn¬ XpS¿®-bmbn ImWmw. AsXm-gn-hm-°m≥ in£m-coXn amd-Ww. Hcp ]cn-lm-ca - n-XmWv: hnZym¿∞n-Isf thZ-\n-∏n-°p∂-Xn\p ]Icw in£-bmbn acw \Smt\m {]IrXn°pw `mhn°pw D]-I-cn-°p∂ Fs¥-¶neptam sNøn-°p-I. \√ ^ew sNøpw. apl-ΩZv _mknXv sF°-c-∏Sn

_lp-am-\-°p-dhv CutKm-bm-Wn∂v an°-h¿°pw. Xs‚ ÿm\w Ipd-™p-t]m-Iptam F∂p-I-cpXn as‰m-cp-Øs\ _lp- a m- \ n- ° p- ∂ n- √ . Xncn®pw Cßs\ Xs∂. Aßs\ ]c-kv]cw _lp-am\w Ipd-™p. A]-cs\ _lp-am-\n-°p-∂Xv Bscbpw XmgvNb - n-te-°√ \bn°p-I. Camw im^nCu(d) CXn\v anI® amXr-Ibm-Wv. apl-ΩZv Jeo¬ Be-®p≈n

_‘-߃ AI-‰p-∂Xv "sNhn-ap-dn®p sImSpØp Rms\mcp IÆS hmßn®p/Im¬ apdn®p Rms\mcp sNcn∏v hmßn®p' F∂ Ihn-X-bpsS Bi-b-߃ F{X icn-bm-Wv.

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2014 am¿®v 1˛15

apºv F¥p hnj-b-am-bmepw Adn-bn-t°-≠-hsc t\cn¬ Adn-bn-°pambn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ samss_¬ t^msW∂ hn√≥ h∂-Xn\p tijw Cu _‘w Ipd-™n-cn-°p-∂p. t^mWn-emWn∂v ac-W-a-dn-bn°epw IeymWw ]d-bepw F√mw. _‘-߃ D]cn-π-h-am-hp-∂Xpw shdp-sX-b-√. A_vZp¬ _mkn-Xv, Im¥-]pcw

tIc-f-Øn-sem-Xp-ßn-bm¬ aXntbm? C∂v tIc-f-°-c-bn¬ FÆa‰ Z¿kp-Ifp≠v. ZAvhm tImtf-Pp-I-fp-ap-≠v. B ÿm]-\-ß-fn¬ \ns∂√mw h¿jm- h ¿jw _ncp- Z - [ m- c n- I - f mbn [mcmfw t]¿ kaq-l-Øn-te°v hcp∂p. C{Xbpw t]sc ChnsS Bh-iy-apt≠m? F∂m¬ tIc-fØn\p ]pdØv, {]tXy-In®v DØ-tc-¥y-bn¬ apkvenw \ma-[m-cn-Iƒ am{Xambn Ign-bp-∂-h¿°n-S-bn¬ {]t_m-[-Isc Bh-iy-ap-≠p-Xm-\pw. Ckvem-ans\ Ipdn-®p≈ Adn-hn-√mbva aqe-amWv tIhew PpapA-bnepw s]cp-∂mƒ \nkvIm-c-ß-fp-ambn Ah-cpsS I¿a-߃ Npcp-ßn-b-Xv. apØp-\-_n(-kz)sb Atßb‰w kvt\ln-°p∂ DØ-tc-¥y≥ P\-X°v Hcp ]pXp-Po-hnXw \¬Im≥ \ap°p Ign-tbt≠? kn]n _Zvdp-±o≥ ^¿Xzhn

]≈n-Z¿kp-Iƒ Nmen-eI - Øv Ip™-lΩ - Zv lmPn-bmWv Z¿ko cwKØv henb am‰-߃ hcp-Ønb aX-t\-Xm-hv. tIc-f-Øn¬ h∂ temI-k-©m-cn-bmb C_v\p _ØqX ]d-bp∂p; "loen (G-gna-e) bnte-°mWv R߃ ]n∂oSv bm{X XpS-ßn-b-Xv. AhnsS hensbmcp ]≈n I≠p. B ]≈n-bn¬ aX-]-T\w \SØp∂ hnZym¿∞n-If - p≠v' (tI-cfw 600 sIm√w apºv, t] 4950). A∂p apX¬t° hn]p-ea - mb Z¿kv kwhn[m- \ - a p≠mbn- c p- ∂ p. Z¿kp- I ƒs°m∏w ZAv h m tImtf-Pp-Ifpw {]t_m-[\ cwKØv hcp-∂Xv aebmfn kaq-l-Øns‚ `mKy-sat∂ ]d-bm-\m-hq. apl-ΩZv iΩmkv \S-Ω¬s]m-bn¬

am[y-a-߃ Fhn-tS°v? P\m- [ n- ] - X y- Ø ns‚ \memw XqWv F∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°s∏Sp∂ am[y-aß - ƒ kz¥w [¿a-߃ ]men-°m-Xn-cp-∂m¬ P\m-[n-]Xyw am[y-am-[n-]-Xyam-bn-t∏m-Ipw. am[y-a-߃ I®-h-Sh-XvI-cn-°-s∏-´t∏mƒ, am¿°-‰nwKv td‰v Db¿Øm≥ th≠n {]kn≤o-Ic - W ÿesØ `qcn-`m-KsØ ssIbn-se-Sp-°m\mWv amt\Pvsa‚ v {ian-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ `qcn-]£-Øn\v Hcp ]cn-[n-hsc am[y-a-ß-fpsS ]n¥p-Wbn-√msX Xs∂ \ne-\n¬°m≥ Ign-t™-°mw. ]t£, \yq\-]-£-ß-fpsS ÿnXn CX-√. Ah-cpsS {]bm-kß - ƒ s]mXp-ka - q-lsØ [cn-∏n-°m≥ am[ya-߃ Bh-iy-am-Wv. ]t£, C∂sØ ÿnXn adn®m-Wv. apl-ΩZv iao¿

kp∂n-thmbvkv


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NnÃ-d-bnÃ, _m¡n ]ns¶ Xcmw... henb _lfw tI´-t∏m-gmWv sR´n-bp-W¿∂Xv. ]cn-kcw ho£n-®t- ∏mƒ tImgn-t°mSv _kvÃm‚ .v Xe-t»-cn-bn¬ \n∂v Ib-dnbt∏mƒ cm{Xn 1.15˛s\Øpsa-∂m- b - n-cp∂p Poh-\° - m¿ Adn-bn-®n-cp-∂X - v. 20 an\p´v apºp-Xs∂ FØn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. _≤-s∏´v Cd-ßm≥ Xøm-sd-Sp-°p-tºm-gmWv 445 cq] Hm¿a-bn-se-Øn-b-Xv. 500 cq] \¬In-b-Xns‚ _m°n, F\n°p e`n-°m\p≈ Ah-Imiw! Ipd®p Ign™p Xcm-sa∂p ]d™ I≠-IvSsd tXSn \S∂p, Abmfpt]m-bn´v, _‘-s∏´ Bcpw Xs∂ ASp-sØm-∂p-an-√. ]Øp an\p´v \o≠ At\zj-W-߃s°m-Sp-hn¬ ASp-Øp≈ Nmb-°-S-bn¬ \n∂mWv I£nsb I≠p-In-´n-b-Xv. kzm`m-hn-I-am-bp≠m-Ip∂ hm°p t£m`-߃°p tijw _m°n hmßn Dd-°-®-S-thmsS aS-ßp-tºmgmWv, Xe-t»-cnbn¬ _ v ImØp-\n∂ kµ¿`-Øn¬ ]cn-N-b-s∏´ bphmhv Nmb-IpSn Ign™v ap∂n-se-Øp-∂-Xv. Ft¥ sshIn? At±-l-Øns‚ tNmZyw. Rm≥ kwKXn ]d-™p. At±lw tjmt°‰ t]mse \n∂v ]d™p: FhnsS B ]l-b≥, F\n°pw In´m-\p≠v 445. C°-gn™ 24˛mw XnøXn \S∂ Imcy-amWv kqNn∏n-®-Xv. CXv H‰-s∏´ kw`-h-a-√. Nne¿ A_-≤Ømtem Nne-sc-¶nepw t_m[-]q¿htam Cßs\ A\ys‚ ]Ww ]nSp-ßp-∂p. _mKn¬ Bh-iy-Øn\p Nn√-d-bp-s≠-¶nepw am‰n-sh-°¬ Ah¿°v \s√mcp hcp-am\ am¿K-am-Wv. kXy-k-‘-X-bp≈ Nne _kv Poh-\-°m¿ _m°n e`n-°m-\p≈hsc At\z-jn®p \S-°p-∂Xv {i≤-bn¬ s]´n-´p-ap-≠v. AXp-]-t£, A]q¿hm-\p-`-hw. k¿h-km-[m-c-W-bp-≈Xv ]nSp-߬ Xs∂-bm-Wv. an°-t∏mgpw bm{Xn-I¿ _m°n-°mcyw ad°pw. Zo¿L- b m- { X- I - f n¬ {]tXy- I n®pw. Nne¿°v CXv ]n∂oSv Xosc Hm¿a-bn-se-Øn-√. Hm¿a h∂m¬ Xs∂ ]e ]cn-an-Xn-Iƒ AXp Xncn®p e`n-°m-\p-≠v. AXymhiy Imcy- Ø n\p h∂ Bƒ°v ]nt‰ Znhkw {]kvXpX _kv hcp-∂-Xp-hsc ImØp-\n¬°m-\m-hn√. AXp-sIm≠v Ah-K-Wn-°m≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-cm-hp∂p. ImØp-sI´n \n∂mtem As√-¶n¬ _Z¬ kwhn[m-\t- a¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bmtem ]e-t∏mgpw In´n-s°m-≈W - sa-∂pan-√. At\z-jn-s®-Øp∂ A∂v thsd Poh-\°m-cm-bm¬ F¥p sNøpw? Imcyw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®m¬ Xs∂ ssIa-e¿Ømt\ Ah¿°m-hq. a‰p Nne¿ an\-s°-Sm-\m-hn-s√∂ Nn¥-bn¬ ]pIn-

adp-samgn apdm-Jn_v

ep-Iƒ°p \n¬°msX e`n-°m-\p-≈Xv ]n∂oS-h-K-Wn-°p-∂p. F¥m-bmepw Hcp henb kwJy AhnlnX-ambn ssI°-em-°p∂ am\yamb ]nSn-®p-]-dn-bmbn CXv hf¿∂p-h-∂n-cn-°pI-bm-Wv. 50 ss]kbpw Hcp cq]-bp-ambn Zn\w{]Xn 250 cq]-tbmfw (tIm-gn-t°ms´ Hcp kn‰n _kv Poh-\-°m-c≥ ]d-™-Xv) cq], GItZisa√m-hcpw s]mcp-Ø-s∏´v Zm\w sNbvXv e`n-°p-∂-Xn\p ]pd-sa-bmWv Cu sIme-®Xn F∂p-IqSn Hm¿°p-I. B[p-\nI temIw Xs∂ X´n-∏n-t‚-XmWv. ChnsS [¿aw ]pe¿ØpI t_m[-]q¿hw {ian-®mte \S-°q. kºØv tamln-∏n-°p∂ hnj-b-am-I-bm¬ AXp kw_-‘-ambn Gsd kq£vaX Bh-iy-am-Wv. ]‰n-°-s∏-Sm-Xn-cn°m\pw ]‰n®v ]c-temIw Ccp-f-S-™-Xm-ImXn-cn-°m-\p-amWv C{Xbpw Ipdn-®-Xv. sNdpXpw hep-Xp-ambn At\-Im-bncw a\p-jy-cpsS AhImiw ssIh- i w- h - ∂ m¬, AXp- s Im≠v a°ƒ°v `£-W-sam-cp-°n-bm¬ h∂p-tN-cp∂ hn]-Øp-Iƒ F{X-bm-Wv, hnizm-kn-Iƒ Kuch-ambn ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠-XmWv C°m-cyw. ae-∏p-dw-˛-tIm-´-°¬ _kv bm{X-bn¬ Ipd®p apºp-≠mb Hc-\p-`hw IqSn ]d-bmw. AºXp ss]k I≠-IvS¿°p \¬Im-\p≈ Hcp bm{Xn-I≥ At±-lsØ hnfn®v AXp s]mcp- Ø - s ∏- S - W - s a∂v Bh- i y- s ∏- S p∂p; As√-¶n¬ Fs‚ ssIbn-ep≈ 5 cq] Xm¶ƒ FSp-tØmfq F∂pw! ]ncn-hp-ambn apt∂m-´pt]mb Poh-\-°m-c≥ sshImsX Xncn-®p-h∂v bm{X-°m-c-t\mSv ]c-h-i-\mbn ]d-bp-I-bm-Wv; "Rm≥ C∏Wn \n¿Øp-Ib - m-Wv, F{X Bƒ°v Rm≥ AºXpw H∂pw \¬Im-\p-s≠t∂m? Xm¶ƒ Fs‚ IÆp-Xp-d-∏n-®p. -A-h-scßm\pw hn´p-s]m-dpØp X∂n-´n-s√-¶n¬...!' hkvXp-XCXp Xs∂-bm-Wv. Xo¿°m≥ hIp-∏n-√mØ hn[w IqSn- ° p- g - b p∂ Hcp XpS¿_m- [ yX henb im]-am-W-t√m. GXp tPmenbnepw CØcw Xocm-I-S-߃ h∂p-tN-cm-Xn-cn-°m≥ \n¿_‘ _p≤n ImWn-°-Ww. AXn-\m-h-iyamb hn[w Nn√d kq£n-t°≠-Xp-≠v. Npcpßnb ]£w hm°mte CS-]mSv Xo¿°p-I-sb¶nepw thWw. A√m-sX, ]ecpw F\n°pw Xcm- \ p- s ≠- ∂ p≈ \ymbw as‰m- c m- f p- t SXv \¬Im-Xn-cn-°p-∂n\v Imc-W-am-hn-√-t√m.

Printed, Published and owned by AP Aboobacker Musliar and Printed at Al Kamal Offset Press, East Nadakkavu, Kozhikode-673006, Kerala, and Published from Samastha Islamic Centre, Eranhipalam Post 2014 am¿®v 1˛15 Kozhikode, Kerala-673006, Editor: Ponmala Abdul Khadir Musliyar

kp∂n-thmbvkv

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