Toronto focus fall 2020

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TORONTO Canada Green Building Council


ISSUE 20, FALL 2020, Greater Toronto Chapter, CaGBC Regional Publication /

Humber College Barrett Centre for Technology Innovation Net Zero building centres on wellness, durability and open-concept teaching WASTE MANAGEMENT AND EDUCATION CENTRE Net zero rammed earth building a public resource

FAST-TRACKING THE WORKFORCE for a low-carbon Canada

CANON CANADA HEADQUARTERS INC. LEED Gold design reflects precision and elegance

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Design for performance Sustainable. Efficient. Affordable.


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Let’s design a more sustainable future together. * HST is not applicable and will not be added to incentive payments. Maximum potential incentive is $120,000 per affordable housing project, based on number of units and as-built energy performance. To be eligible, your project must be located in the former Enbridge Gas Distribution Inc. service area. Visit for details. © 2020 Enbridge Gas Inc. All rights reserved. ENB 263 09/2020


FALL 2020 Toronto FOCUS


We are pleased to share with you this twentieth Toronto FOCUS supplement produced in partnership with SABMag.

December marks the release of CaGBC’s 2020 Canadian Green Building Market Impact report. Ontario continues to lead the country with over 430,000 green building jobs - from design, to construction, to operations, suppliers, researchers, and regulators. This represents over $43 Billion in GDP. The focus on climate change and “green recovery” from COVID has the potential to significantly increase the size of the green building sector by 200,000 workers by 2030 with particularly strong growth in the retrofit market. Projects like Scotia Plaza, which demonstrates how existing buildings can achieve Zero Carbon, will need significant scale-up. On the other hand, we have a lot of work to do to attract, retain, and upskill the workforce if we are to fill these jobs, deal with the aging workforce and reverse social trends that discourage young people from entering the sector. This will be a major focus for us moving forward, including our leadership with the Workforce 2030 Coalition, which is uniting diverse stakeholders to accelerate workforce capacity building for low-carbon buildings in Ontario. We will all remember 2020 for its challenges, but I’m encouraged that our industry can lead the recovery efforts and leave us all better off on the other side.

Jeff Ranson GTA Regional Director Canada Green Building Council

Message from the Greater Toronto Chapter of the CaGBC As the weather gets colder CaGBC has a variety of online programming for you that explores both excellence in green building across Canada and local green building challenges and opportunities, and much of it is free to attend. On five consecutive Tuesdays starting on November 10th, lunch ‘n’ learn webinars will feature case studies of the winners of the five CaGBC Green Building Excellence Awards. These in-depth webinars will feature industry leaders from across the country showing what makes their projects exceptional. During the same period the Greater Toronto Chapter will be offering a series of lunchtime webinars with a different focus, bringing together champions from across Ontario municipalities to explore how green buildings can play a key role in their post-COVID recovery. These webinars, running into early December, will examine green recovery topics pertaining to Guelph, Hamilton, Kingston, Windsor, and Ottawa. Check out to learn more and register for these webinars, as well as live workshops on focused on LEED V4 and the Zero Carbon Building Standard. Take care.

Jim Lord Founding Principal, Ecovert Sustainability Consultants Chair, CaGBC - Greater Toronto Chapter

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See a digital version of Greater Toronto Chapter FOCUS at


In this Issue 16 20

6 29

Professional Development & Events

Fall 2020


Waste Management and Education Centre - Net zero rammed earth building a public resource


Humber College Barrett Centre for Technology Innovation - Net Zero building centres on wellness, durability and open-concept teaching


Canon Canada Headquarters Inc. - LEED Gold design reflects precision and elegance

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Editor: Paul Erlichman, Greater Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC-GTC) A joint publishing project of the CaGBC-GTC and SABMag. Address all inquiries to Don Griffith: Published by Janam Publications Inc. | |


The Reina Condos Designed by women, built for everyone

Fast-tracking the workforce for a low-carbon Canada

Zero carbon building reaches new heights with first ZCBPerformance v2 certification

Printed on Domtar Husky Opaque text offset paper.

Cover: The Humber College Barrett Centre for Technology Innovation. Photo: Scott Norsworthy.

Upcoming Events + Workshops THE CANADA GREEN BUILDING COUNCIL – GREATER TORONTO CHAPTER (CaGBC-GTC) seeks to connect all of the GTA’s green building leaders and supporters by providing all of the latest information you need to stay at the forefront of the green building industry. Upcoming offerings are described below.

CAGBC GREEN BUILDING AWARD LUNCH ‘N’ LEARNS Every Tuesday starting on November 10th, free lunch ‘n’ learn webinars will explore the winners and some finalists of the Green Building Excellence Categories. These case study presentations will showcase how these projects came to be and what makes them innovative and extraordinary green buildings. November 10: Existing Building category, feat. Humber College Building Nx (Toronto), presented by Holly Jordan, Senior Project Manager, B+H Architects. November 17: New Construction category, feat. Le Phénix (Montreal), presented by Hugo Lafrance, Associate, Sustainability, Lemay & Martin Roy, President, Martin Roy et Associés. November 24: Zero Carbon category, feat. MacKimmie Complex Redevelopment at University of Calgary, presented by Associate VP of Sustainability, University of Calgary & Boris Dragicevic, Associate Vice President of Facilities Development, University of Calgary. Also feat. Toronto & Region Conservation Authority Headquarters, presented by Jamie Dabner, Principal, Integral Group. December 1: Tenant Improvement category, feat. mcCallumSather Workspace (Hamilton), presented by Drew Hauser, Director, mcCallumSather & David Riley, Senior Mechanical Engineer, mcCallumSather.


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December 8: Inspiring Home category, feat. West Bay Passive House (West Vancouver), presented by Stuart Hood, Managing Principal, Integral Group and James Dean, Resident. Webinar Series: The Role of Green Buildings in Our Post-COVID Recovery. CaGBC is delivering a series of FREE webinars focused on how municipalities across Ontario can harness green buildings to spur their post-COVID recovery. Webinar and speakers will include: • November 6: Guelph • November 9: Hamilton • November 18: Kingston • November 25: Windsor-Essex • More dates TBA November 12: Zero Carbon Building Standard Workshop This live half-day workshop will review important foundational knowledge for low-carbon buildings, with an emphasis on the latest version of CaGBC’s Zero Carbon Building Standard.

LOOKING FOR THE BEST WAY TO GAIN CE HOURS AND GREEN BUILDING KNOW-HOW? CHOOSE CAGBC – GREATER TORONTO CHAPTER All of our workshops are stringently peer-reviewed by GBCI for high relevance, quality and rigor, and have been deemed as guaranteed for CE hours by GBCI. We also offer a number of different webinars to share local green building knowledge and best practices.



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TORONTO Canada Green Building Council



We’re already working on the 2021 issues to show projects, programs, and ideas that highlight sustainable, high-performance building construction in the Greater Toronto Area. We’re looking for: - Recent new and renovated buildings of any type designed to sustainable principles, and preferably LEED certified (not mandatory). - Programs or research projects aimed at achieving energy-efficiency and higher performing buildings. - Ideas and opinions on what the design and building industry in the GTA is doing or could be doing to achieve better buildings for users and the environment. Let’s make Toronto FOCUS a voice to inform and celebrate the state of higher performing building design and construction in the GTA. Please reply to publisher Don Griffith,


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1.866.566.5656, ext. 226

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Humber College Barrett Centre for Technology Innovation Net Zero building centres on wellness, durability and open-concept teaching By Duff Balmer, Principal, Perkins&Will The Barrett Centre for Technology Innovation (BCTI)— the first Net Zero Energy building for Humber College and registered to achieve LEED Platinum certification— is a flagship building for the campus. The facility sets a new stage at post-secondary institutions for innovation in automated manufacturing and human-centered solutions for the 21st Century by omitting classrooms entirely. The campus master plan was analyzed for site locations considering efficient use of space with shared resources including parking and services like the district energy central plant. Parametric design analysis, including solar and radiation, wind and daylighting penetration, optimized both the massing and envelope resulting in a highly insulated façade and concrete floors acting as thermal mass in the lobby. A protected bus terminal outside of the building, which will link to future light-rail transit, makes the BCTI a well-connected magnet for students, community, and industry partners to gather, collaborate and showcase projects. The building presents itself as a dramatic portal through its dynamic prismatic glazed lobby and gravity defying cantilevered form establishing a new focal point for student life.

1. A mix of cladding was used on the project. CBC Specialty Metals is proud to have supplied Bothwell-Accurate Co. Inc with the VM Zinc Anthra Strat Interlocking Panels, having expected lifespan of over 100 years for the Humber College Barrett Centre. Also, fire-safe premium aluminum architectural products by Longboard Products for interior and exterior solutions were used for ease of installation and creative façade possibilities.



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The BCTI is seamlessly interlinked with the surrounding network of campus open spaces and delivers street level appeal. It addresses the urban heat island effect by maximizing green space at grade and incorporating a vegetated roof. Planted areas use native and drought-resistant species eliminating need for irrigation and creating habitats for micro-ecosystems that contribute to the greater local ecosystem supporting habitat and promoting biodiversity. Taking a conservation-first approach, a parametric analysis was made prior to making active mechanical and electrical system decisions. A moderate glazing-to-wall ratio of 40% focuses glazing on where daylight is needed most in occupied areas. Brise Soleil shading devices on the south façade mitigate heat gain and glare. Efficiency measures include: 96% efficient condensing style boilers serving DHW and service heating loop; dedicated outside air system for accurate/efficient fresh air; air handling system with energy recovery enthalpy wheels from relief/exhaust air to temper outside air and reduce energy; and a cooling system with distributed fan coil units to cut cooling transmission energy use with hydronic systems instead of central air systems. 2. The roof is partly vegetated to contribute to stormwater retention. Around the building exterior the ACO KlassikDrain handles stormwater collection in the form of an aesthetically pleasing linear trench drain which helps to maintain smooth surface grading while preserving building accessibility. With proven performance in winter conditions, it also provides LEED credit eligibility for regional manufacturing. Noram’s high-performance unitized curtain wall, oversized glass, high span, sunshades and remote-powered operated vents contribute to the bold technological and visual sophistication of the building’s commitment to sustainability. FALL 2020

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Welcome Zone Social Space Seating Stair Cafe and Kiosk

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Collaboration Sandbox Resource Work Room Demonstration Room Outdoor Demonstration Space

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Omitting traditional classrooms, the facility has interactive demonstration areas and flexible open-concept gathering spaces intended to inspire an informal and active learning experience. Biophilic design strategies are the essence of spaces like the central atrium offering an immediate connection to the outdoors through views to surrounding landscaped spaces and campus at large and ample access to natural light. The atrium also assists natural ventilation which is tied to CO2 monitoring to improve indoor air quality and limit energy consumption The project achieved the requirements of LEED indoor chemical and pollutant source control, including the installation of MERV 13 filtration prior to occupancy to improve air quality. Low-emitting materials were selected to exceed LEED prescribed requirements. For example, 20 finishes were screened against a list of 53 precautionary chemicals known to have negative effect on both human health and the environment. The BCTI is a Net Zero Energy building, with its entire energy use offset by the 700 kW solar PV array located on the adjacent parking structure. A series of passive studies and strategies have been employed including a solar chimney which allows natural ventilation in the more temperate seasons, a passive house inspired building envelope with enhanced R-values and reduced thermal bridging, and extensive natural daylighting in occupied areas. Passive strategies are complemented with high-efficiency active lighting, heating, and cooling systems which result in the BCTI being one of the most energy efficient buildings of its type in Ontario with a designed EUI of 99.82 kWh/sq.m. 12

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Tech Zone—Wood and Metal Wet Module Mobile Tech Bay Shower

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Janitor Mechanical and Electrical Washroom Pedestrian Bridge

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Bus Loop Parking Garage Rain Garden Plaza

PROJECT CREDITS Owner: Humber College Architect: Perkins&Will General Contractor: BIRD Construction Landscape Architect: Brodie and Associates Engineer: exp Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: MCW Consultants Structural Engineer: Thornton Tomasetti LEED Consultant: Fluent Building Envelope Consultant: RDH Building Science Inc. Building Code Consultant: LRI Acoustical Consultant: Aercoustics Accessibility Consultant: DesignABLE Environments Photos: Tom Arban (1,2), Scott Norsworthy (3) PROJECT PERFORMANCE Energy intensity (building and process energy) = 117.8 KWhr/m2/year Energy intensity reduction relative to reference building under MNECB = 100% Water consumption from municipal sources = 1,559 litres/occupant/year Reduction in water consumption relative to reference building under LEED = 40% Recycled material content by value = 24% Regional materials (800km radius) by value = 34% Construction waste diverted from landfill = 85%



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High-performance roof - Passive house inspired - R-50 insulation

Passive ventilation - Vented skylight - Stack effect with solar chimney

Light well

Reflective low-albedo roof membrane

Efficient cooling - Distributed fan coil units

High-performance envelope Optimizing heat gain for winter and summer conditions Maximizing daylighting and minimizing glare with light shelves Operable windows - For cross ventilation Concrete structure - For passive heating in winter

Building section

This aligns with Humber College’s long-term Integrated Energy and Water Master Plan which mandates that all buildings perform at or near best practices for energy efficiency at 100 kWh/m2 or lower. When considering the envelope, the design team adjusted various parameters including R-value, infiltration rates, and solar heat gain coefficients for glazing using dynamic multi-parametric modelling software to find the most efficient and cost-effective combination of elements. A dark natural zinc plank system was chosen as cladding for its durability and modularity, allowing greater ease of long-term maintenance. Durable, natural limestone along the base of the building provides a direct material linkage to the surrounding natural landscape. Resilience analysis was conducted for future weather data and impact on building cooling and heating degree days, as well as climate impact on exterior materials. A durability plan was developed with a durability consultant to ensure decisions aligned with the building’s service life. Interior spaces are modular and demountable, and operable wall systems allow spaces to be converted and expanded over time. Flexibility is considered at a systems level with fully exposed and accessible HVAC and electrical for ease of reconfiguration.

3. The building’s success is bolstered by the high visibility of its spaces with areas for students and industry which encourage community interaction. Lochinvar by Aqua-Tech supplied two Crest Condensing Boilers Model FBN1751 for space heating and domestic hot water, and a GVC65JR Hot Water Generator c/w Double Wall Tube Bundle for indirect domestic hot water demand.



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Toronto FOCUS 15 2017-07-18 2:41 PM


Canon Canada Headquarters Inc. LEED Gold design reflects precision and elegance By Moriyama & Teshima Architects 12

Set upon a landscaped podium, Canon Canada’s 176,000 SF, LEED Gold Headquarters communicates the company’s values of clarity, precision, and technological elegance. Identifiable by a silver-white curtainwall with vertical fins of fritted glass that float above a recessed base of black granite, the building encourages connections and views to the surrounding landscape. 1. Main Entrance. The site is accessible from several public transit options including GO and Brampton Transit services, which connect with MIWay Transit and Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) to encourage employees to use alternative transportation.


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Site plan 1 2 3 4

Canon Canada Headquarters Visitor Parking Staff Parking Ramp to Underground Parking

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Covered Bicycle Parking Terrance Loading Garbage & Recycling

9 Ponds 10 Pathway to Ponds 11 Naturalized Gardens 12 Formal Gardens

Strategic placement of the building was key to ensuring Canon’s vision for a “building within a park”. Building shape, glazing area, depth of floor plate, and location of regularly occupied spaces within the building were designed to maximize access to the more than 18 acres of landscaped terrain. Expansive outdoor terraces are linked to a serene walking trail that meanders around a stormwater management pond buffered by a naturalized meadow of native plantings, serving both Canon Canada and the residential community. With the long narrow site running north-south, the building was designed with longer glazed facades on the east and west. The carefully detailed vertical glass fins integrated into the exterior glazing assembly is a prominent feature and reflects Canon’s world renown precision lens making, while providing solar shading, reducing indoor solar heat gain and glare. The south and north facades are mainly solid to avoid heat gain in the interior spaces. Daylighting was analyzed for March 21st at both 9 a.m. and 3 p.m., as per LEED requirements. The adjusted minimum threshold of 108 lux was used as per CIR 934. Overall, 87% of occupied areas meet this daylight threshold.

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1 Reception 2 Atrium 3 Showroom 4 Cafeteria 5 Servery 6 Kitchen 7 Main Conference Room 8 Customer Service Lobby 9 Medical Lab 10 Loading

11 Terrace 12 Meeting Room 13 Labs/Training Rooms 14 Dark Room/Calibration Labs 15 Service Repair Lab 16 Large Format Training & Lab 17 Fitness Centre 18 Change Room 19 Reflection Room 20 Future Expansion

Ground Floor 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Reception Atrium Showroom Cafeteria Servery Kitchen Main Conference Room Customer Service Lobby Medical Lab Loading Terrace

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Ground Level

21 Open Office 22 Video Conference Room 23 VP/SVP Office 24 Central Filing Room 25 Copy Room 26 Collaboration Space 27 Data Centre 28 IT Lab 29 Executive Boardroom 30 Executive Meeting Room 31 President’s Office

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Meeting Room Labs/Training Rooms Dark Room/Calibration Labs Service Repair Lab Large Format Training & Lab Fitness Centre Change Room Reflection Room Future Expansion Open Office

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Video Conference Room VP/SVP Office Central Filing Room Copy Room Collaboration Space Data Centre IT Lab Executive Boardroom Executive Meeting Room President’s Office


PROJECT CREDITS Owner: Canon Canada Inc Headquarters Architect: Moriyama & Teshima Architects Landscape Architect: MT Planners General Contractor: Bird Construction Group Landscape Architect: Canon Canada Inc Headquarters Civil Engineer: EXP Electrical and Mechanical Engineers: Smith and Andersen Consulting Engineering Structural Engineer: CH2M Photos: James Brittain 2. View of southwest corner from Pond Trail The building is surrounded by landscaping, encouraging connections with, and views to nature from within.

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Level 2 1 Reception 2 Atrium 3 Showroom 4 Cafeteria 5 Servery 6 Kitchen 7 Main Conference Room 8 Customer Service Lobby 9 Medical Lab 10 Loading

11 Terrace 12 Meeting Room 13 Labs/Training Rooms 14 Dark Room/Calibration Labs 15 Service Repair Lab 16 Large Format Training & Lab 17 Fitness Centre 21 Room 18 Change 19 Reflection Room 20 Future Expansion

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21 Open Office 22 Video Conference Room 23 VP/SVP Office 24 Central Filing Room 25 Copy Room 23 26 Collaboration Space 23 27 Data Centre 12 12 28 IT Lab 29 Executive Boardroom 12 Meeting Room 30 Executive 31 President’s Office

Level 2

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Level 5 1 Reception 2 Atrium 3 Showroom 4 Cafeteria 5 Servery 6 Kitchen 7 Main Conference Room 8 Customer Service Lobby 9 Medical Lab 10 Loading

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11 Terrace 12 Meeting Room 13 Labs/Training Rooms 14 Dark Room/Calibration Labs 15 Service Repair Lab 16 Large Format Training & Lab 17 Fitness Centre 18 Change Room 19 Reflection Room 20 Future Expansion

Reception Atrium Showroom Cafeteria Servery Kitchen Main Conference Room Customer Service Lobby Medical Lab Loading Terrace

21 Open Office 22 Video Conference Room 23 VP/SVP Office 24 Central Filing Room 25 Copy Room 26 Collaboration Space 27 Data Centre 28 IT Lab 29 Executive Boardroom 30 Executive Meeting Room 31 President’s Office

12 Meeting Room 13 Labs/Training Rooms 14 Dark Room/Calibration Labs 15 Service Repair Lab 16 Large Format Training & Lab 17 Fitness Centre 18 Change Room 19 Reflection Room 20 Future Expansion 21 Open Office 22 Video Conference Room

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VP/SVP Office Central Filing Room Copy Room Collaboration Space Data Centre IT Lab Executive Boardroom Executive Meeting Room President’s Office 0 1m




The underfloor air distribution system through the raised floor facilitates individual control of airflow through floor vents located near workstations so that occupants may adjust the airflow to suit their comfort needs. Thermostats with +/2 degrees temperature control are also supplied in meeting rooms and other multioccupant spaces The building’s interiors balance privacy and collegiality in an open and serene environment with offices oriented around a bright and airy central atrium, where daylight gently washes over travertine floors, western red cedar-slatted ceilings and tranquil rock gardens. A variety of work environments, ergonomic furniture, interior plantings, individually-controlled lighting, and low-VOC materials further enhance staff well-being. A fitness centre and reflection room promote physical well-being, and a full-service cafeteria provides staff with healthy in-house eating options. Rainwater is collected, filtered and stored in an underground cistern. Once the rainwater is filtered and becomes available for use, the domestic city water use is automatically shut off and the building begins to use the rainwater for flushing and irrigation. The use of native and drought-resistant plants, rainwater reuse as noted, and low-flow fixtures together reduce water use by 55% compared to a baseline. A highly sophisticated building automation system controls the indoor climate, under-floor air distribution, lighting systems, window blinds, A/V and security systems in a way that is highly energy efficient, while providing the optimized comfort for all staff.



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Site Section

Occupancy light sensors are a key part of a low-energy lighting design. The placement of desks and offices allows maximum light throughout the facility, reducing the amount of energy required for lighting. Triple-glazed windows and highly insulated walls and roofs are used to improve energy performance. A free cooling heat exchanger is used to assist in chilling water, which can then be used for air conditioning. This method helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption. A measurement and verification plan will provide ongoing accountability of building energy consumption over time. Biophilic design increases connectivity of occupants to the natural environment with the use of natural light and natural materials such as travertine stone, granite, wood, and plants. A minimum of 50% of the hardscape consists of high-albedo paving with a minimum SRI value of 29 (such as white concrete). Reflective, white roofing materials are specified for roof for heat island reduction. Low-emitting materials such as adhesives and sealants, flooring systems, composite wood, etc were used.

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The building was designed to have 50-year life span; and a future-proof design approach was undertaken to maintain the building for that length of time without the need to redesign periodically. Flexible open floor plans, modular planning and the raised floor system will allow the client to modify spaces and adapt to changing work environments with minimal demolition and renovation interventions.

3. Open office. Perimeter offices receive ample natural light. An automatic solar adaptive shading system uses maximizes functional daylight while minimizing glare and solar heat gain. Interior finishes include acoustic panels supplied by Sound Solutions Architectural Products. 4 and 5. Atrium. The building’s interiors balance privacy and collegiality in an open and serene environment with offices oriented around a bright and airy central atrium, where daylight gently washes over travertine floors. Tarkett supplied resilient linoleum flooring.

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Take Building Efficiency to New Heights.


ENERGY RECOVERY Commercial and Industrial Applications

Introducing our new DualCorePlus™ technology now providing up to 57% latent heat recovery during summer, and up to 90% sensible heat recovery in winter without the need for a defrost strategy! ASHRAE climate zone 5A

Design Condition 0.4% cooling design ASHRAE 2017

88.4°F DB

72.4°F WB

Return air condition

75.0°F DB

59.1°F WB

Airflow across cores

10,000 SCFM SA

10,000 SCFM RA



Sensible-Only Cores


Sensible efficiency



Supply air temperature (°F DB)



Sensible energy recovered (BTU)


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Comparison of Total Energy Recovery



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Supply air temperature (°F WB)



Latent energy recovered (BTU)



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1.204.783.1902 20

Total Energy Cores

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Cooling Enery Recovered (Tons)











Waste Management and Education Centre Net zero rammed earth building a public resource By Michael A. Wilson In 2015, the County of Oxford established two key strategic goals of becoming a Zero Waste community by the year 2025, and a 100% Renewable Energy community by the year 2050.

BUILDING STATISTICS: GFA: 372 sq. m. R-values: under floor 24, walls and roof 55, windows 9. HVAC: electric 2 air to air heat pumps, with ERVs – under floor supply air. Site: Net Zero PV size of 120kWAC, with 24kWAC being required to Net-Zero the administration building only. 1. The Net Zero project program and budget allowed the energy needs for both the new building and all site buildings and facilities to be met by a ground-mounted solar photovoltaic array. 2. The compact, nearly square building volume reduces wall surface area and admits natural light from all sides through a clearstorey. 2

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The new building for the Oxford County Waste Management Facility replaces the original administrative office, and now also includes a regional conference room and displays about waste management and conservation for public education and school field trips. The project energy goals include the provision of a comfortable building that consumes very low amounts of energy during operation by implementing strategies and technologies of typical Passive House projects. The Net Zero project program and budget allowed the energy needs for both the new building and all existing site buildings and facilities to be met by a ground-mounted solar photovoltaic array situated along the access driveway in public view.


3. Within the education display area, real time energy consumption is displayed via computer monitor. The feature wall of reclaimed barn timbers promotes the idea of repurposing building materials. 4. The appealing earth tones of the rammed earth construction make for a comfortable work environment. 5. The conference meeting room has a sliding full wall panel which can connect the room to the education display space.

Site plan

The building also has a high efficiency central ERV system, built in Canada by Tempeff, which acts as the building’s lungs. An ERV not only recovers heat, but also factors in humidity making it the best choice for occupant comfort in a cold, humid climate. Tempeff’s ERV makes use of Dual-Core technology allowing for continuous fresh air supply and frost-free operation in this climate.



PROJECT PERFORMANCE Energy intensity (building and process energy) = 60.7 KWhr/m2/year Energy intensity reduction relative to reference building under 2015 NECB = 35% PROJECT CREDITS Owner: Oxford County Architect: Michael A. Wilson Architect General Contractor: Gateman Milloy Electrical and Mechanical Engineer: MNE Engineering Inc Structural Engineer: MTE Consultants Commissioning Agent: Zon Engineering Energy and PV Consultant: Zon Engineering Energy Modelling: Hadlock Consulting Photos: Mark Burnham


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Wood framing extension Built up wood & fiberboard cant c/w prefinished steel over flashing

12.7mm plywood closure to joist cavity, caulk

Sloped insulation beyond walls to east, west and south eaves typical

Framed extension secured to tji Pre-finished steel fascia w/ concealed fasteners

Wood beam Continuous wigluv tape from frame to continuous blocking

Concealed knife & recessed bolt connection to stub column

Sealed triple-glazing fixed units Factory-painted wood window with vent secured to structure

Engineered wood column w/ concealed steel knife connections to wall & beams

19mm fir plywood secured to both wythes of wall

Wigluv tape continuous to face of wood window frame 19mm recess to form continuous base to sre, typical all sides Polished concrete floor slab

Wall section

Continuous perimeter weeper terminates at south of rain garden in french drain Trench footing/foundation

Ductwork encased in concrete prior to placement of floor slab Continuous caulk/seal to 10 mil vapour barrier to sre, typical FALL 2020

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The compact, nearly square building volume reduces wall surface area and admits natural light from all sides through a clearstory for privacy in the locker room on the east and north, and operable windows at the south and west. The white ceilings and interior demising walls reflect the natural light sufficiently to negate the need of the energy-efficient lighting systems for much of the time. Though still uncommon in Ontario, rammed earth construction, also known as “site-placed concrete”, was proposed to the owner early in the design process as an appropriate system for a building on a landfill site. Its method of construction, in which the walls are formed as pigmented layers in compacted lifts, make a reference to the layered nature of a landfill site. The rammed earth wall consists of an interior loadbearing wythe of 200 mm, a 200 mm layer of insulation, and an external wythe of 150 mm. Though the minimum design bearing capacity required was 10MPA, with the high lime content of the vernacular granular used, 24MPA was achieved at 28 days. The thermal mass of the walls keeps the interior humidity and temperature extremely consistent and comfortable.

6. The clearstorey provides light and privacy in the locker room. In some areas the polished concrete floor contains broken glass and even some of the architect’s personal fossil collection.



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The painted triple-pane wood windows are made from the resilient Accoya® wood and are protected by the roof overhang which also reduces solar gain. The gentle slope of the roof is adequate to prevent ponding to extend the life of the roof membrane. The building performance will be measured against the New Building Institute’s (NBI) Zero Net Energy criteria (71.5 kWh/m2) with a goal of demonstrating that the building achieves Net-Zero performance over a 12-month period. If the building meets this target it will be one of the first buildings in the country to be verified as a Zero Net Energy building by the NBI. Educating the public is as important a function of the building as providing new space for administration and operations staff. Outfitted with interactive educational displays about recycling materials, energy reduction methods and landfill technology, the building is a destination for school children. Broken glass and even some of the architect’s personal fossil collection have been visibly placed within the polished concrete floor, and a reclaimed barn beam in the feature wall display promotes the idea of repurposing building materials. Real time energy consumption displayed on a computer monitor within the main room of the education centre shows visitors the peak energy consumption periods during the day.

Michael A. Wilson is principal of Michael A. Wilson Architect.

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Success Story | Reina Condos | Etobicoke

Designed by women, built for everyone From construction management to engineering to architecture, the entire leadership team behind Reina Condos is women-led — a first in the Canadian condo development industry. This unique group is rethinking the typical condo with its mixed-use residential building in South Etobicoke, part of an emerging family-friendly neighbourhood: the Queensway Improvement Area.

Raising the bar Urban Capital and Spotlight Development Inc. followed the City of Toronto’s Growing Up Guidelines for Urban Design to support the needs of families in new vertical communities, incorporating stroller storage on each floor, a large play area and an accessible green roof, among other amenities.

Comparing design options The project team participated in the Savings by Design program’s full-day, no-cost integrated design process workshop to explore strategies for optimizing its building’s design. Using premium energy simulation software, they compared the annual energy use and costs of different options for the building envelope, mechanical systems and lighting systems.

Achieving above-code performance Based on workshop recommendations, the building design is projected to achieve 16 percent better energy performance than Ontario Building Code.

Key project enhancements • High-performance heat pumps • High-efficiency condensing boiler, ERVs • Lighting controls, higher-efficiency fixtures • ENERGY STAR® appliances • Lower-flow water fixtures • Demand control ventilation

Top image: The leadership team of the Reina Condos.

BY THE NUMBERS Projected annual energy cost savings $ 36,084/year Projected GHG reduction (Savings based on energy modelling simulations from the Savings by Design Integrated Design Process workshop) 75,127kg CO2e Projected better energy performance than Ontario Building Code 16% 9-storey mid-rise tower 197 residential suites 2 levels of underground parking


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Savings by Design | Commercial & Multi-Residential

Game-changing Expert Help

Rewards for building above code

Savings by Design gives your project team free access to industry experts, technical tools and financial incentives to help you build high-performance, resilient and sustainable buildings.

After completing the workshop, you’re eligible for additional incentives based on the performance of your building.

Key steps to efficient, resilient design

Energy simulation modelling incentive: $15,000 Earn incentives when you complete a pre-construction certified energy model that shows your building will be 15 percent above current code.

Step 1: Visioning session We’ll meet with your project lead, sustainability manager and a design team member to: • Help define and prioritize project requirements and sustainability priorities. • Determine which team members and external experts should attend the workshop. Step 2: Integrated design process workshop Your team will strategize with energy modellers and sustainable design experts to maximize your building’s energy and environmental performance. • An energy model will be developed as well as a final report summarizing the options discussed and recommendations. • Facilitated by Sustainable Buildings Canada. • A $30,000 value.

Commissioning incentive: $15,000 Earn additional incentives by confirming your building is 15 percent above code with a post-construction certified energy model, performed by a professional modeller. In total, free expertise and incentives can value up to $60,000.

To get the most out of your next project, contact: Mary Sye, Energy Solutions Advisor

“We’re passionate about buildings that work for everyone and the experts we met through the program provided solutions for bringing our vision to life,” says Taya Cook, Director of Development, Urban Capital.

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Fast-tracking the workforce for a low-carbon Canada By Juliana Dutkay, Workforce 2030 Coalition Lead During one of the Building Lasting Change 2020 Online sessions on September 22, industry leaders came together to discuss the need to upskill building sector workers to meet the demand of low-carbon construction and retrofits. A robust workforce is key to carbon reduction targets in the building sector. Financing, supply chains and scaling proven and available technologies are also critical, but especially for the construction industry, workforce is top of mind both in terms of numbers and skills. With a ‘retirement bubble’ accounting for almost quarter of the construction labour force, the industry needs to look at a full spectrum of solutions from aggressive recruitment on the domestic side, to workforce mobility and immigration policy to bring in permanent skilled workers, said Bill Ferreira, executive director of BuildForce Canada. “You cannot flip a switch and suddenly add more people,” said Ferreira. “It takes about four years to train apprentices and develop skills. The industry needs time to adjust to that.” Despite the pandemic, growth in the building sector remains strong. Demand for labour remains especially high in British Columbia and Ontario. At Ellis Don, construction projects are in full swing and backlog continues to grow. “We are seeing a significant focus on sustainability, technology and smart buildings,” said Clare Ashbee, vice president of Sustainable Buildings at Ellis Don. “It is increasing at an exponential rate, while we all experience a constraint construction labour market.” With significant investment in modular construction, Ellis Don is feeling the labour crunch. “We need to hire 100 people in our modular building division by December. That is a huge amount of people,” said Ashbee. “We need engineers knowledgeable in building envelope and materials.”

Training for low-carbon While baseline skills for low-carbon building are not dramatically different from conventional buildings, some upskilling is required. Strong communication and collaboration across disciplines, an integrated design-build approach, and strong quality assurance skills are also necessary to achieve carbon reduction and energy performance.


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Building operation and facilities management are also crucial, as people need to be trained so the systems and new technologies in a low-carbon building reach optimal performance. To ensure that the construction workforce is ready for more low-carbon buildings, the sector needs to pivot toward life-long learning and adaptability, and nurture social and emotional skills, according to Pedro Barata, executive director of Future Skills Centre. Economic recovery and job creation are a priority for all levels of government. Infrastructure investments are a staple of stimulus and skills development will need to be part of the package. While Canada is a world leader when it comes to education, but it is not yet equipped for the emerging low-carbon economy.

“The industry needs to set benchmarks, targets and KPIs to make meaningful progress on diversifying the construction workforce, just as it does to advance any other business priority,” said Barata. Equity and Inclusion Construction is a huge sector of the economy with roughly one in 13 Canadians working in construction, according to Buildforce research. It can provide good, wellpaying jobs. But who has access to them? As part of a coalition to drive workforce engagement, growth of the workforce is as important as upskilling, and attention is being paid to ensure that diversity and inclusion are part of the growth strategy. “The construction industry must address underrepresented groups such as women, racialized people, youth and people with disabilities,” said Jeff Ranson, regional director CaGBC’s Greater Toronto Chapter. “This is critical to the sectors future growth and to address the social inequality that has only been depended by the pandemic.”

Zero carbon building reaches new heights with first ZCB-Performance v2 certification Scotia Plaza’s 40 King St. W. is a commercial high-rise located in the heart of Toronto’s financial district. In June 2020, it became the largest zero carbon building in Canada, and the first to certify under Zero Carbon Building – Performance (ZCB-Performance) v2.

Designed by WZMH Architects and completed in 1988, Scotia Plaza’s 40 King St. W. features 68 storeys of above-grade AAA Class commercial office space, and below-grade, one level of retail and four levels of parking. The building is a concrete frame, clad with distinctive granite claddings and punched window openings with double-glazed, aluminum-framed windows that make the building stand out in the Toronto skyline.

Accelerating to zero in Toronto’s financial core Scotia Plaza’s 40 King St. W. is recognized as one of the first major office towers in Canada to achieve LEED Platinum certification. As a premium location in the heart of the financial district, it was important to the building owners, KingSett Capital, Alberta Investment Management Corporation (AIMCo), and James Richardson & Sons Limited (JSRL), that the building maintain the highest operating standards. “The path to becoming a zero carbon building started by making the necessary building and operational enhancements to achieve LEED Platinum, which was an integral step in being able to achieve the Zero Carbon Building certification,” said Bill Logar, EVP of Asset Management at KingSett Capital. “This achievement makes 40 King St. W. a healthier, more sustainable, and all-around more environmentally sound workplace.”

“The transition to a carbon-neutral portfolio requires thoughtful long-term planning. We are making investments today that will have a positive impact on climate change now and in the future, such as pursing the Zero Carbon Building Standard.” - Bill Logar, EVP, Asset Management, KingSett Capital Photos courtesy KingSett Capital.

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“A sophisticated metering system enables the tracking of energy consumption and early identification of potential anomalies at the property,” said David Matarasso, Principal, Property Management at BentallGreenOak. “Together, these serve as a system of internal controls which support the operations teams and drives performance at the building.”

Photos courtesy KingSett Capital.

Consideration was also given to the HVAC equipment containing refrigerants, in keeping with the updates to ZCB Standard v2. The LEED certification at the building already required proper refrigerant management, including detailed maintenance and record-keeping procedures. ZCB-Performance certification required that the owners take a step further, reporting and offsetting all refrigerant leakage.

Always looking ahead KingSett invests in sustainable and innovative solutions that go beyond the building to enhance communities, mitigate risk, and reduce environmental impact – including reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. KingSett is committed to developing asset-specific carbon neutrality roadmaps for its assets. Having achieved LEED Platinum, Fitwel, and WiredScore certification at 40 King St. W., tackling GHG emissions using the Zero Carbon Building (ZCB) Standard was a natural next step. Achieving and maintaining these high standards is critical for the overall environmental, social, governance and resilience performance of the building.

Prioritizing carbon reductions The pursuit of the ZCB Standard meant taking a close look at energy requirements. Both grid electricity and utility-supplied natural gas are consumed at 40 King St. W. The building benefits from the fact that central heating is electric, not typical of large towers. Property management team, BentallGreenOak, leverages 40 King St. W.’s robust metering and energy monitoring system to record and drive decision making from real-time interval consumption data. This level of detail allows for a comparison of current energy consumption against energy budget estimates, real-time variations in energy use and fast detection of anomalies.


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As part of the ZCB certification, a carbon transition plan was established to help move the building away from the limited number of systems using fuel combustion. Four systems historically used combustion-based technology: main building humidification, parking garage heating, loading dock heating, and concourse restaurants. Working with a team of consultants at Purpose Building Inc., the owners are rapidly transitioning away from fossil fuel combustion for all base building systems. The remaining fossil fuel combustion will be limited to the restaurant tenants and their cooking equipment. Thanks to the building’s original design, reliance on limited combustion-based systems, and diligent ongoing performance monitoring, this 68-storey building had a total carbon footprint of only 1,561 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. Going above and beyond, KingSett chose to assess and offset emissions associated with the waste from the building, which contributed a further 1,194 metric tonnes. Carbon offsets were purchased against the emissions and to drive climate change mitigation measures through worthy projects. KingSett chose to invest in Gold Standard carbon offsets, widely regarded as among the highest-quality carbon offsets in the world. Gold Standard offsets fund emissions reduction projects and sustainable development around the world. As one of the most prestigious addresses in Toronto’s financial district, KingSett is proud to add ZCB Standard certification to 40 King St. W.’s accolades. While KingSett’s efforts in obtaining the certification tie closely to its own environmental, social, and governance goals, the organization hopes to inspire other owners and corporations to consider a zero carbon path.


Canadian Directory of Products and Services for Sustainable, HighPerformance Building

Visit our on-line Directory to see hundreds of listings of companies which supply products and services for sustainable, high-performance building. Listings are organized by Product Category and by LEED v4 Category. Our LEED v4 Directory is created with the help of our partner:

Our 2020 Partners




CBR Products

Molok® Deep Collection™ System


Roth North America

Forbo Flooring Systems Masonite Architectural


Olympia Tile International Inc.

Alumicor Building Excellence

Teknion Limited

Architek SBP Inc. Arriscraft


Bailey Metal Products Ltd.

Acuity Brands



Fraser Wood Siding

Daikin Applied



Nats Nursery Ltd.


Nedlaw Living Walls

Geo-Xergy Systems

Radon Environmental


Thames Valley Brick & Tile

Mitsubishi Electric Sales Canada Inc.

Tremco Roofing & Building Maintenance

RadiantLink In-wall Heating Sloan Valve


Tempeff North America

Enersign Windows and Doors


Inline Fiberglass Ltd.

VCT Group

Innotech Windows + Doors

Viessmann Manufacturing Company Inc.

LiteZone™ Insulating Glass Pollard Windows Inc. Dynamic Glass SageGlass

GREEN DESIGN SUPPORT + PROFESSIONALS Canadian Precast Prestressed Concrete Institute Efficiency Nova Scotia Diamond Schmitt Architects FABRIQ architecture RJC Engineers Sustainable Forestry Initiative FALL 2020

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N G RE E N B U A I D IL A DI AN 2020



to the winning teams

NORTHERN LIGHTS COLLEGE TRADES TRAINING CENTRE McFarland Marceau Architects Ltd. Institutional [Large] Award / Prix institutionnel (grande taille)

THE ROB AND CHERYL MCEWEN GRADUATE STUDY AND RESEARCH BUILDING, SCHULICH SCHOOL OF BUSINESS, YORK UNIVERSITY Baird Sampson Neuert Architects Institutional [Large] Award / Prix institutionnel (grande taille)

Photo: Marie-Odile Marceau, McFarland Marceau Architects

(l to r): Jon Neuert, Principal and Jesse Dormody, Project Architect, Baird Sampson Neuert Architects Inc.

SIFTON CENTRE Diamond Schmitt Architects Commercial/Industrial [Large] Award / Prix commercial/ industriel (grande taille)

WEST BAY PASSIVE HOUSE BattersbyHowat Architects Inc. Residential [Small] Award / Prix résidentiel (petite taille)

(l to r): Liviu Budur and Matt Smith, Diamond Schmitt Architects

(l to r): Heather Howat, David Battersby, and Bettina Balcaen, Battersby Howat Architects

COVENANT HOUSE NSDA Architects Institutional [Small] Award Prix institutionnel (petite taille)

THE REACH GUEST HOUSE Kearns Mancini Architects Residential [Small] Award / Prix résidentiel (petite taille)

Wanda Felt, Architect AIBC, LEED and Larry Adams, Architect AIBC, LEED AP, NSDA Architects

Jonathan Kearns, Principal, Kearns Mancini Architects Inc.

BATA SHOE FACTORY REVITALIZATION Architect of Record: Quadrangle Collaborating Design Architect: Dubbeldam Architecture + Design Residential [Large] Award / Prix résidentiel (grande taille)

CHARTER TELECOM HEADQUARTERS Waymark Architecture Commercial/Industrial [Small] Award / Prix commercial industriel (petite taille)

Heather Dubbeldam and Scott Sampson, Dubbeldam Architecture + Design

(l to r): Will King and Graeme Verhulst, Waymark Architecture

COURS BAYVIEW YARDS Hobin Architecture Incorporated Existing Building Upgrade Award / Prix amélioration/rénovation d’un bâtiment existant (l to r): Leila Emmrys, Sandy Davis, Dan Henhoeffer, and Hugo Latreille, Hobin Architecture Incorporated

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