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TORONTO Canada Green Building Council


ISSUE 12, FALL 2016, Greater Toronto Chapter, CaGBC Regional Publication /


Exciting Changes to Materials New Standards and Metrics for Energy Performance Pushing the Envelope with LEED v4 Google’s New Canadian Headquarters FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 1

Retrofit apartment buildings & reduce operating costs. The City of Toronto can help. The City’s Hi-RIS Program offers low-cost loans to owners of eligible apartment buildings for energy-saving and water-saving improvements. • Competitive, fixed interest rates and repayment terms of up to 20 years • Cost savings from improvements help to offset the cost of financing • Incentives of up to $100,000 are available • Work with the contractors of your choice • Easy to apply

Hi-RIS at the e expires nd of 20 16.

Act now .


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

www.toronto.ca/hi-ris tower@toronto.ca | 416-397-5257

Welcome to Toronto FOCUS We are pleased to share with you this twelfth Toronto FOCUS supplement produced in partnership with SABMag

2016 has been a tremendously eventful year for the Greater Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council. With the help and support of our volunteers, members, partners, and friends, we have not only raised the bar on our existing Chapter events and yearly programming, but we have also completed the transition to one integrated nationwide organization, successfully hosted many Chapter events during our National Building Lasting Change Conference, and introduced our inaugural Drive for Change Golf Tournament this spring – and we aren’t finished yet! We still have a myriad of dynamic education programs to look forward to this fall, such as our Keys to a Successful Waste Management Program: a Tenant, Owner Partnership event on November 10, the LEED Breakfast III: Innovation in LEED Buildings session on November 23 and the TransformTO event on December 1. Finally, don’t let the LEED Canada rating systems 1.0 and 2009 sunset date sneak up on you! There are plenty of LEED v4 workshops to choose from on our website, as well as this edition of Toronto FOCUS which will provide you with a ton of helpful information to ease the transition. In this edition, we asked industry authorities such as Adrian Sluga, an expert on commissioning; Christian Cianfrone, an energy and engineering expert;

Message from the Greater Toronto Chapter of the CaGBC and Mark Hutchinson, a LEED v4 expert, to weigh in on key areas that are changing in the new LEED v4 rating system. Finally, we will hear firsthand what it is like to work on a LEED v4 project in our case study of the Google Canadian Headquarters in Kitchener-Waterloo. At the Chapter we are always striving to push the envelope in our community through advocacy initiatives, and by highlighting the best of green building practices through our Thank You Campaign, our Building Blitz at Spring Open and the CaGBC Greater Toronto Chapter Gala and Awards program on October 13 at the Arcadian Court. Join us as we welcome Keynote Speaker David Miller, President and CEO of World Wildlife Fund Canada; and announce the winners of the Innovation Awards Program. Last year’s event was sold out - buy your ticket today! www.cagbctoronto.org Until then, please check out our website to find out about the many upcoming educational workshops we have on offer. A huge thank you to our supportive community of volunteers, members, partners and friends in developing and providing content for this supplement – and of course to our sponsors and advertisers who have helped to make this publication happen.

Hazel Farley

Michael Parker

Regional Director, Greater Toronto Chapter Canada Green Building Council

President & CSO Ecolight LED Chair, Greater Toronto Chapter Canada Green Building Council

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 3

See a digital version of Greater Toronto Chapter FOCUS at www.sabmagazine.com/digital



In this Issue

FALL 2016

23 18

7 Professional

16 LEED v4 Brings Exciting Changes

20 Pushing the Envelope

11 LEED With Your

18 Enbridge Savings By Design

23 Google’s New

Development & Events

Pest Control Program


LEED v4 Introduction

to Materials Requirements

Integrated Design Workshop Helps Shape Visitor Centre at The Living City Campus

19 New Standards and Metrics 14 Toronto’s Low-Cost Financing

for Apartment Building Retrofits

for Energy Performance in LEED v4

with LEED v4

Canadian Headquarters

26 2016 CaGBC Greater

Toronto Chapter Innovation Awards Finalists

Toronto FOCUS is printed on Rolland Enviro 100 Satin, a 100% post-consumer fiber that is certified FSC and EcoLogo. It is processed chlorine-free, FSC-recycled and is manufactured using biogas energy.

Cover photo: Lounge outside of games room and makers space. Photo: Google Canada.


Editor: Courtney Good, Greater Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC-GTC) A joint publishing project of the CaGBC-GTC and SABMag. Address all inquiries to Don Griffith: dgriffith@sabmagazine.com Published by Janam Publications Inc. | www.sabmagazine.com | www.janam.net




16 CAN 20 A


national spronsors

regional spronsors:

Enbridge and Inline Fiberglass



Visit the Awards section of our website for complete details on the winners. For details on sponsoring the Canadian Green Building Awards contact dgriffith@sabmagazine.com.

[1] Brian Hall [centre] of National Sponsor, the Canadian Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute presents a National Award for the Skygarden House to client Ian Roland [left] and to architect Heather Dubbeldam, Dubbeldam Architecture + Design. [2] The team from Dialog accepts the Ontario Regional and Technical Award Winner certificate for the Bill Fisch Forest Stewardship and Education Centre [left to right]: Charles Marshall, Associate; Craig Applegath, Principal; Steve Sestic, Associate; Daria Khachi, Principal and Kim Jagger of National Sponsor Interface. [3] David Coole [right] of D.R. Coole Architecture Inc. receives the Atlantic Regional Award for the Dura House from Regional Sponsor Inline Fiberglass represented by Gary Mackin. [4] The team from Williamson Chong Architects receive a National Award for the Grange Triple Double House [left to right]: Donald Chong, Chris Routley, Betsy Williamson, Kim Jagger of National Sponsor Interface and Shane Williamson. [5] Solares Architecture receives a National Award for its Our House project [left to right]: Lilia Sosedova, Jered Gudbranson, Brian Hall of National Sponsor, the Canadian Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute, Tom Knezic, Christine Lolley, Elyse Snyder, Josef Hanik, and Melodie Coneybeare. Our sincere thanks to all who entered the 2016 Canadian Green Building Awards.


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

Winning projects and teams recognized at the 2016 CaGBC National Conference, “Building Lasting Change” Five of the nine winning design teams were on hand in Toronto on June 6 to receive their Awards presented by our National sponsors: the Canadian Precast Prestressed Concrete Institute [CPCI] and Interface; and by our Regional sponsors: Enbridge and Inline Fiberglass. Representatives of NSDA Architects for the National Winner: the Budzey Building, Aedifica for the Quebec Regional Winner: the Groupe Dynamite Atrium, HCMA Architecture + Design and Dub Architects for the National Winner: the Jasper Place Library, and the City of Fort St. John for the British Columbia Regional Winner: the Fort St. John Passive House. [Photos: Courtesy CaGBC].






Upcoming Events + Workshops The Canada Green Building Council – Greater Toronto Chapter (CaGBC-GTC) seeks to connect all of Ontario’s green building leaders and supporters by providing all of the latest information you need to accelerate your LEED credentials and to stay at the forefront of the green building industry. Here’s a highlight of Chapter initiatives and upcoming events and workshops.

LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter – Hamilton

LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter

October 6, 2016 – McMaster Innovation Park, Hamilton

October 19, 2016 – Evergreen Brick Works, Toronto

New one day format in 2016. Prepare to take your LEED® Green Associate exam and earn the internationally recognized LEED v4 Green Associate credential. CaGBC has developed this condensed 1-day course which will be delivered by highly-qualified Canadian instructors with real-life local and regional experience. This course is intended to provide you with foundational information, which will then be followed up with a post-course study plan. As with most study courses, there is additional postclassroom studying that is needed.

New one day format in 2016. Prepare to take your LEED® Green Associate exam and earn the internationally recognized LEED v4 Green Associate credential. CaGBC has developed this condensed 1-day course which will be delivered by highly-qualified Canadian instructors with real-life local and regional experience. This course is intended to provide you with foundational information, which will then be followed up with a post-course study plan. As with most study courses, there is additional post-classroom studying that is needed.

The CaGBC Greater Toronto Chapter Gala and Awards

Understanding the WELL Building Standard

October 13, 2016 – Arcadian Court, Toronto

November 3, 2016 – RBC WaterPark Place, Toronto

Join our grand network of green building professionals and supporters at our seventh annual CaGBC - Greater Toronto Chapter Gala. The evening will include an elegant reception, sit-down dinner and a special keynote presentation by David Miller, President and CEO of World Wildlife Fund - Canada. The Chapter will be continuing with the awards program, introduced in 2013, which recognizes projects and individuals that demonstrate advancement in the green building industry in Southern Ontario. View all awards finalists on our website: www.cagbctoronto.org. Don’t miss this unique opportunity to support the Chapter and attend one of the largest green building networking events in the Greater Toronto Area!

This half-day workshop is designed to introduce the intent, key elements and requirements of the WELL Building Standard, the world’s first building standard focused exclusively on the health and wellness of the people in the buildings. Attendees will learn how to harness the built environment as a vehicle to support human health, well-being, and comfort. The ideology, structure, and certification process of the WELL program are covered in-depth, as well as the health basis for each Feature. Strategies for improving the nutrition, fitness, mood, sleep patterns, and performance of occupants through design and construction practices are explored in detail. WELL case studies are also highlighted.

Keys to a Successful Waste Management Program: a Tenant, Owner Partnership

November 10, 2016 – 25 York Street, Toronto This recycling and waste event is targeted at building owners, facility managers and tenants that are working towards recycling and waste stream best practices in their buildings. This event will showcase the challenges and opportunities in the recycling and waste stream first hand from the building owner, tenant and waste facility perspectives. Attendees will receive a behind the scenes look at the 3R certified 25 York Street during a building tour. LEED Breakfast Series 2016 Session III: Innovation in LEED Buildings

November 23, 2016 - Fairmont Royal York Hotel, Toronto LEED is a driving force for greener management practices and technologies in buildings. As project teams work to achieve top energy, water or material performance – on Gold and Platinum projects – they investigate a lot of options. What are the most innovative technologies being used in Canadian LEED projects? What are the impacts they are driving? How do owners and project teams differentiate between “leading edge” and “bleeding edge” technologies? How do innovative management practices compare to new technologies in terms of impact? Join us for a lively discussion as we answer these important questions with our panel.

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 7

Upcoming Events + Workshops Construct Canada

November 30 – December 2, 2016 – Metro Toronto Convention Centre North America’s Largest Exposition, Networking and Educational Event! The 28th Annual Construct Canada at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre on November 30th - December 2nd, 2016 will be held concurrently with PM Expo, HomeBuilder & Renovator Expo and World of Concrete Pavilion in the South Building, and IIDEXCanada in the North Building. All shows combined will create The Buildings Show, North America’s largest exposition, networking and educational event. Visit 1,600+ exhibits, including 100+ international exhibitors, bringing the latest in design and construction innovation in products, technologies, best practices and applications. Expand your knowledge by choosing from 350 educational, expert-led seminars tackling timely issues, trends and best practices. Seek solutions to matters affecting you directly while earning continuing education credits. Browse the full Seminar Program and register today: http://www.constructcanada.com/education/seminar-program/

Looking for the best way to gain CE hours and green building know-how? CHOOSE CaGBC-GTC All of our workshops are stringently peer-reviewed by GBCI for high relevance, quality and rigor, and have been deemed as guaranteed for CE hours by GBCI. We also offer a number of different webinars to share local green building knowledge and best practices.

TO LEARN MORE ABOUT ANY of these initiatives and to register for workshops + events, visit our website:


mccallumsather.com | 905.526.6700 | Ministry of Transportation, Transportation Operations Centre, our newest LEED Silver Certified project completed in joint venture with Kasian Architecture. Learn more at mccallumsather.com/projects/traffic-operations-centre


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

Upcoming Events + Workshops October 6

LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter – Hamilton

October 13

The CaGBC Greater Toronto Chapter Gala and Awards

October 19

LEED Green Associate Exam Kickstarter

Construct Canada

November 3

Understanding the WELL Building Standard

Networking Event

November 10

Keys to a Successful Waste Management Program: a Tenant, Owner Partnership

November 23

LEED Breakfast Series 2016 Session III: Innovation in LEED Buildings

Nov 30-Dec 2

Construct Canada

Education Event








PCL Constructors Canada Inc.

Architectural School Products




FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 9


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

LEED With Your Pest Control Program 2

1] All

gaps and cracks should be properly sealed to prevent

pests from entering.

[2] A

qualified and highly trained pest management provider

will ensure that only the least toxic chemical pesticides are used in any situation.

Photos: Orkin Canada

Use least-risk products only when appropriate. The very nature of IPM means pest issues are dealt with by using non-chemical actions first. This can negate the need for interventions that require the use of pesticides. Limiting


the use of pesticides to times when pests are actually present and when non-chemical approaches are unsuccessful or inappropriate is a sound practice.

High performing building features will increasingly enter into tenants’ decisions about leasing space – and into buyers’ decisions about purchasing or leasing properties. Today’s tenants are looking for the benefits that LEED-certified spaces have to offer. So how do you attain this level of green? Your pest management efforts are a great place to start. As you continue striving for the most eco-friendly—and economical—solutions for your building, start by incorporating the following proactive procedures into your maintenance routine:

Start with an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) plan. Under LEED Canada Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance v4 rating system, a written IPM plan with documentation for all procedures used in your pest management program may be beneficial for projects

Paint a tight target with product applications. When your pest management professional determines pesticide applications are necessary – again, only after non-chemical solutions have been exercised – they should be used only in locations where pests are active.

Keep good records for documentation and evaluation. Documents should include your written IPM plan, action thresholds, sighting reports, pest management professional recommendations, information from inspections and any service or product applications.

pursuing EQ credit Integrated Pest Management. This credit is a

By working with a knowledgeable pest management

combination of LEED 2009 SSc3 Integrated Pest Management, Erosion

professional, you can develop and implement an effective

Control and Landscape Management Plan and EQc3.6: Green Cleaning:

IPM program that will help you reduce pest pressure at

Indoor Integrated Pest Management, merging the exterior and interior

your facility and obtain LEED certification for your building.

requirements into one credit for v4. To create a plan, first consult with a qualified pest management professional who has extensive experience in working with IPM and “green” practices.

Now, work on communication. IPM programs aren’t only run by your pest management company; effective programs involve participation from your entire team – as well as your tenants. With this in mind, a process for ongoing communication needs to be in place.

By Patrick T. Copps, MS, B.C.E. Technical Services Manager, Orkin, LLC Patrick Copps is a Technical Services Manager for Orkin. A Board Certified Entomologist in urban and industrial entomology, Mr. Copps has more than 35 years of experience in the industry. For more information, email Orkin Canada at info@ orkincanada.com or visit www.orkincanada.com.

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 11


LEED v4 Introduction

On October 31st, registration to the LEED

second Platinum LEED v4 for Homes project

Canada rating systems comes to a close

in the world, and more projects are already

as LEED v4 becomes the framework and

completed and under review. These projects will

benchmark for a new generation of

benefit from recognition for their leadership, and

green buildings. Over 30 projects are

are demonstrating the feasibility and numerous

already pursuing LEED v4, from existing

strengths and advantages of the latest version of

buildings to new homes, buildings, and

LEED. For those not yet using LEED v4,

neighbourhoods. Canada is home to the

what does the future hold?

LEED v4 will bring an improved user experience, providing

LEED v4 pushes the market forward through a more rigorous

the best of both worlds: a global and continuously evolving

approach to green building, including increased transparency of

platform of tools and materials, with local Canadian delivery.

building materials; higher thresholds for energy, water and waste;

The LEED Online platform will greatly simplify project man-

and the requirements for metering and reporting energy use in

agement, and accelerate certification review. The online

certified buildings.”

reference guide provides multi-media tips and guidance, as well as the opportunity to participate in user forums with

The development of LEED v4 spanned more than three years, and

peers. Meanwhile, the CaGBC’s Customer Service team is con-

engaged hundreds of volunteers and thousands of stakeholders around

tinuing to provide support to project teams, and certification

the world. LEED v4 has the potential to drive the reduction of carbon

reviews will continue to be performed by Canadian staff with

emissions and take a stronger stand on human health, more so than

an understanding of the local market, codes and regulations.

any previous version of LEED.

Projects are registered through the CaGBC website as before, with discounts for members.

Guided by a set of goals for what LEED projects should accomplish, LEED v4 includes a comprehensive technical update to the rating

“LEED certified projects are the industry standard for green

system requirements. While some aspects remain familiar, others

building in the commercial and institutional sectors in Canada,

incorporate important, fundamental revisions. Materials, for example,

and with each passing year that impact widens to other

are evaluated more holistically using multiple attributes through

sectors,” says Mark Hutchinson, Vice President of Green

approaches such as Life Cycle Assessment and Environmental Product

Building Programs for the CaGBC and chair of the USGBC’s

Declarations. These changes have already driven significant changes in

LEED Steering Committee. “We stand to make an even greater

the manufacturing sector. There is a greater emphasis on performance,

impact this fall when LEED v4 becomes the new gold

as reflected in water and energy metering requirements, while integra-

standard for green buildings in Canada and internationally.

tive design, envelope commissioning, and acoustics are some of the new issues addressed within LEED v4.


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

A major priority in LEED v4 is materials reuse, Quadrangle. Photo: Ben Rahn / A-Frame.

such as the

60 Atlantic

building in

Liberty Village, Toronto,

a re-purposed warehouse.


Projects can now use the LEED rating system on a wider variety of project

The CaGBC has developed Alternative Compliance Paths,

types than ever before. From stadiums to convention centers, commercial

or ACPs, to provide project teams the option to apply

offices to hospitals, each space type has unique needs and challenges.

Canadian standards where possible, and Regional Priority

LEED v4 provides 21 different market sector adaptations, including new and

Credits, or RPCs, to emphasize the most pressing environ-

existing data centers, new and existing warehouse and distribution centers,

mental concerns in different parts of the country.

hospitality, existing schools, existing retail, and multifamily midrise. In this edition, you will have the opportunity to learn about All of this is possible as a result of the global framework for LEED,

important changes in areas such as energy, commissioning

developed over the last several years with input from members of the

and materials, and you will hear about the real-life applica-

LEED International Roundtable and other Green Building Councils from

tion of LEED v4. Canada has the highest number of LEED

around the world. The framework provides the flexibility required to ensure

buildings per capita in the world, and we have already

LEED can be used effectively in different regions of the world, while

saved over one million tonnes of CO2 emissions. There is no

ensuring the consistency required for one project to be benchmarked

doubt we are able to deliver the next generation of green

against another from any of the over 160 countries where LEED is used.

buildings, and they are more needed than ever; it is time to step boldly forward.




2:25 PM

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 13

Toronto's Low-Cost Financing for Apartment Building Retrofits


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

Planning to make upgrades to an apartment building? Interested in reducing operating costs? The City of Toronto can help.

The City of Toronto is offering low-cost financing to help

• You can benefit from up to $100,000 in incentives and access

apartment building owners in Toronto to make energy and water

to the free support and advice of the City's Tower Renewal

saving retrofits and upgrades to their buildings. The City's

Program staff; and

High-rise Retrofit Improvement Support Program (Hi-RIS) is

• The application process is easy.

an innovative financing program that offers owners of eligible apartment buildings, those that are five or more storeys, access

“With older and a progressively aging rental housing stock in the

to low-interest, fixed-rate loans to make improvements and

City of Toronto, the financial assistance being provided by the City

ultimately, save money. This pilot program is now its final year

through Tower Renewal’s Hi-RIS Program is helping to invigorate these

and approximately $6 million is available on a first-come,

aging buildings. This is a huge boost for hundreds, if not thousands

first-served basis.

of families in the City of Toronto,” said Randy Daiter, Vice President Residential Properties with M&R Holdings and current

Hi-RIS offers an attractive option for owners who are exploring

Hi-RIS participant.

ways to fund capital investments. With competitive fixed interest rates and flexible financing terms, Hi-RIS presents an appealing,

A range of retrofits are eligible for Hi-RIS financing including boilers,

viable option for financing improvements, particularly those with

heat recovery ventilators, low flow toilets, lighting and lighting con-

longer payback horizons such as window replacement or

trols, exterior recladding, new windows, building automation systems

building envelope projects.

and more. Essentially, most improvements involving fixed assets that achieve greater energy or water efficiency for the building qualify for

A key benefit of Hi-RIS is that owners can pursue

the program.

improvements now and pay for them over time using savings to offset the costs. Payments are made through the property

Hi-RIS is set to end at the end of this year so interested owners

tax bill over payment terms ranging from five to 20 years. Under

should act now.

the program, eligible properties can access funding of up to five per cent of the current assessed value of property.

Hi-RIS is part of the City's Tower Renewal Program that offers a number of initiatives that support improvements to the City's older

Other great reasons to finance projects through Hi-RIS:

high-rise apartment buildings, help to create healthier communities

• You do not need a property appraisal or building condition

and improve the quality of life for residents.

report, and there is no need to register a mortgage on the property;

To learn more about Hi-RIS or to submit an application, please visit

• You are free to hire the energy auditor and contractors of

www.toronto.ca/tower_renewal or contact the Hi-RIS team at tower@

your choice;

toronto.ca or 416-397-5257.

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 15

LEED v4 brings exciting changes to materials requirements While LEED v4 brings with it a variety of new and updated requirements, the largest changes are within the Materials and Resources credit category. The reason is simple: the materials requirements were no longer reflective of leadership practices, having become in many respects mainstream over the years. They did not represent what the latest science considered an adequate assessment of how materials impact the environment and human health, and leading manufacturers and designers were already including additional considerations in their product decisions. In exploring the updated requirements for materials, a good place to start is with this question: what is LEED v4 trying to achieve?

and tools to better assess them, each of the BPDO credits provides recognition (1 point) for simply using products that have disclosed relevant information. Additional recognition (1 point) is provided for using that information to demonstrate that the materials chosen have lower environmental and health impacts.

Environmental Impacts It is possible, through careful lifecycle analysis, to evaluate the full environmental impacts of products. These results are summarized in an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD). While the concept of lifecycle assessment has been widely applied in Europe, it is now gaining traction in North America and the number of products with EPDs is rapidly growing. This makes the Disclosure threshold of 20 products from at least 5 manufacturers relatively easy to achieve, although project scope is a factor (e.g. small interiors). On the other hand, Optimization is more challenging: products with lower environmental impacts (e.g. Cradle to Cradle certification) must represent 50% of total product

Reuse is not always an option, and some amount of new material is always

costs. As structure and enclosure materials cannot

required. Through a whole-building lifecycle assessment, project teams can

represent more than 30% of the value of compliant

evaluate different options for structural and enclosure materials. Taking into

products, core and shell projects may face an

consideration the expected life of the building, the climate, and other factors,

additional hurdle.

the design team can optimize their choices. One significant consideration is the carbon footprint of the materials: as building operations become more and more efficient, materials are representing a larger and larger share of the lifecycle carbon footprint of buildings. Further, any reductions in the carbon emissions associated with manufacturing building materials are captured ‘up front’, as opposed to over decades of building operations; some might argue this makes them, pound for pound, more valuable. Given the significant impact the choice of structural and enclosure materials can have, whole-building lifecycle assessment is heavily weighted (3 points).

Ecological Impacts EPDs evaluate the environmental impact of creating a product, but fail to include ecological impacts from the extraction of raw materials. Whether mined, quarried, or harvested, how we manage our raw materials can have significant and long lasting ecological impacts. Unfortunately, meeting the Disclosure requirement – manufacturers must have

Disclosure and Optimization

compliant Corporate Sustainability Reports – may

As for all the individual choices between

Optimization provides recognition for FSC certified

products, the goal of LEED v4 is to encourage greater knowledge of the products and, ultimately, smarter choices. These two ideas are captured in the concepts of Disclosure and Optimization, as found in the series of three Building Product Disclosure and Optimization (BPDO) credits. In recognition that it will take time for industry to develop superior products as well as the knowledge


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

be a challenge for the time being. Conversely,

NETWORK, LEARN AND CONNECT wood, reused materials, and materials with recycled content – all parts of the very first versions of LEED making finding compliant products simple. Manufacturer take-back programs are also recognized.

Health Impacts

with Canadians who care about green buildings.

Finally, LEED v4 adds additional emphasis to the impact that products have on human health. Manufacturers have been rushing to develop Health Product Declarations or otherwise disclose information about the ingredients and their associated hazards, making Disclosure entirely achievable. Finding enough products to demonstrate Optimization is, for the time being, more challenging. Project teams should also keep in mind the updates to how VOCs are evaluated under the Low-Emitting Materials credit.

Waste There will always be some waste generated during construction, and LEED v4 raises the bar with a new prerequisite requiring a construction and demolition waste management plan. The Construction and Waste Management credit provides recognition for reducing total waste generated, rather than simply diverting enough of what is generated.

Basic Concepts LEED v4 introduces a lifecycle approach to materials, and provides an on-ramp for industry, both designers and specifiers, through recognition of products that have disclosed information about their environmental and health impacts. While the field continues to evolve, the basic concepts have now been introduced. Their impacts are sure to be significant and long lasting.

Mark Hutchinson is Vice President of Green Building Programs at the Canada Green Building Council and Chairs the USGBC’s LEED Steering Committee.


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 17

Enbridge Savings By Design Integrated Design Workshop Helps Shape Visitor Centre at The Living City Campus In partnership with the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA),

high performance enclosures, fenestration and

EllisDon has been selected to construct the Visitor Centre at The Living City

maximizing daylight, renewable energy production,

Campus, part of the BRE Innovation Park Network. The Campus is located

and passive ventilation designs.

at the Kortright Centre for Conservation located in Woodbridge, Ontario. The Campus will include up to seven new buildings, beginning with the Visitor Centre, which will be comprised of a three-storey welcome center. The Visitor Centre will house state of the art training and kitchen facilities, meeting rooms and work stations. Best of all, the facility will include a rooftop patio where guests will be privy to a bird’s eye view of the pristine woodlands, wetlands, hiking trails and the Humber River valley that surround the Campus.

The workshop was a great success, building on a conceptual design developed by Sustainable.TO architects, and concluded on a high note by delivering on a wholistic strategy which improved the building design and systems, bringing the project closer to its performance targets. Through the construction of the Visitor Centre, the TRCA, EllisDon, and their partners, hope to encourage

On June 14, 2016, approximately 30 industry experts convened for a

Canadian companies to follow suit and join the journey

Savings By Design Integrated Design Workshop, facilitated by Sustainable

to a low-carbon economy. Construction of the

Buildings Canada and sponsored by Enbridge Gas Distribution. The group

underground services for the Living City Campus is

focused on performance targets relating to the Living Building Challenge,

currently underway, with the Visitor Centre scheduled

the WELL Building Standard, and EllisDon’s Low Carbon Agenda

to break ground in 2017. Please be sure to visit

(www.lowcarbonagenda.ellisdon.com). Discussions focused on achieving

thelivingcitycampus.com to follow the progress.

net zero energy use, net zero water use, solutions for low carbon emissions,

Top: The BRE Innovation Park conceptual park plan. Photo: Sustainable.TO. Bottom: Industry experts convened for a Savings By Design Integrated Design Workshop Living City Campus, part of the BRE Innovation Park Network. Photos: EllisDon. 18

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

for the

Visitor Centre

which will be constructed at


New Standards and Metrics for Energy Performance in LEED v4 LEED 2009


Energy cost savings • ASHRAE 90.1 2007 • MNECB 1997

Energy cost savings • ASHRAE 90.1 2010 • NECB 2011 Alternative Performance Metrics including source energy, primary energy, and GHGs Demonstrated energy performance


for assessing energy performance.

On the surface, the energy efficiency requirements under for

NECB 2011 as part of their building code, which means the LEED v4

LEED v4 look very similar to LEED 2009, with the minimum

baselines will align well with code compliance, at least for the time

energy performance criteria under Energy and Atmosphere,

being. As codes are strengthened over the coming years, we can

Prerequisite 2 (EAp2), referencing a familiar ASHRAE 90.1

likely expect the LEED v4 requirements to follow suit.

standard. However, the version of ASHRAE 90.1 being referenced, 2010, is newer and more stringent than its predecessor, targeting

Regardless of the path projects take to meet the minimum energy

an estimated 5-20% energy cost savings over 2007, depending on

performance requirements of LEED v4, the core metric remains

building type and climate zone. It should also be noted that the

energy cost. However, new pilot credits have emerged to explore

percent better required to meet minimum LEED v4 requirements

the impact of alternate energy performance metrics. For example,

is only 5% over ASHRAE 90.1-2010 versus the 10% over ASHRAE

the Alternative Energy Performance Metric Pilot Credit allows

90.1-2007 from LEED 2009.

project teams to meet the EAp2 and EAc1 requirements using any one of a number of alternative metrics, including GHG emissions,

Canadian projects used to following the MNECB 1997 path

source energy, and primary energy.

for EAp2 will no longer have that option. However, an alternate compliance path (ACP) for Canadian projects has been included

The Energy Performance Metering Path Pilot Credit even allows

using the NECB 2011, with some modifications. For example, a

project teams to meet EAp2 and EAc1 requirements using actual

project in Manitoba that uses the NECB 2011 for code compliance

building performance, in an attempt to better align operations with

can use a slightly adapted NECB 2011 baseline for LEED v4 under

design and construction. Along those same lines, keep in mind that

this ACP. The performance thresholds are unchanged; therefore

LEED v4 includes a requirement to commit to providing energy and

the prerequisite remains 5% better when using NECB 2011. Many

water consumption data for a period of 5 years following

Canadian jurisdictions reference either ASHRAE 90.1-2010 or

certification or occupancy.

Christian Cianfron is a Principal and Building Energy Practice Lead at Morrison Hershfield. He sits on CaGBC’s Energy and Engineering Technical Advisory Group and is Chair of the USGBC’s Energy and Engineering Technical Advisory Group.

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 19

Pushing the Envelope with LEED v4 Positive Changes Underway for Commissioning From my perspective, no matter the

With LEED v4 slowly emerging, though

aesthetic design, the building’s location,

most of Fundamental & Enhanced

efficiencies, or access to daylight & views,

Commissioning requirements effectively

if the built HVAC systems don’t function

remain the same, there are two significant

correctly, not much else matters. Of course

and impactful differences which stand out

the aforementioned elements are significant

in particular. These additions are

considerations and have a major impact

positioned, and absolutely necessary, to

on the occupants’ well-being, but short-

ensure that building systems function

comings with the HVAC systems are adverse and the impacts

and perform correctly.

far greater.

First: Seasonal Performance Testing. Though a 10-month warranty review is prudent and sound practice, it is hardly an effective tool with material benefit. Rather, the introduction of Seasonal Performance Testing (now in line with the CSA Z320 Standard) is an incredibly more robust approach to ensure that (specifically) max heating/cooling loads can be satisfied without causing discomfort or undue stress on HVAC equipment.

Second: Envelope Commissioning. The air-tightness, insulation, material installation and assembly, all have a tremendous impact on a building’s systems. Air leaks/drafts, thermal breaks, moisture penetration, and poor envelope installation all require additional capacity and effort from the systems. This new requirement will look to put the much overlooked envelope aspects into check.

1 [1] Commissioning an Actuated Valve. Reproduced with permission, Fluke Corporation. [2] Thermographic scan illustrating thermal variations and losses. This thermogram is of a traditional building in the background and a passivhaus in foreground. Credit: Passivhaus Institut.


Given these additions, I foresee challenges with the requisite broader undertanding, added significance, importance, and effort (with corresponding fee) that will now be placed in commissioning activities. That is, despite the importance or benefit of commissioning, it has typically been a secondary consideration whose effort is largely overlooked and undervalued. With the changes introduced in LEED v4, I am hopeful that Commissioning will come to the forefront of consideration with greater impact on multiple levels. 20

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

By Adrian Sluga, Senior Vice President of the Commissioning & Building Analytics division at Jones Lang Lasalle.

TORONTO Canada Green Building Council


READ OUR PAST ISSUES All past issues of the CaGBC Chapter Toronto focus can be read in digital format at http://www.cagbctoronto.org/communications/chapter-publications

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 21


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS


Google’s New Canadian Headquarters (Phase 1): A LEED v4 Case Study

The project consists of two phases; phase 1 is currently occupied while phase 2 is currently under

Although constructing buildings isn’t a major part of Google’s core business, creating healthy and productive work environments that inspires and energizes its employees is a priority. To accomplish this, Google’s Real Estate and Workplace Services Team developed a strategy for their real estate that focuses on the “3 E’s”: ecology, environment, and experience. The new headquarters for Google’s Canadian engineering and development team in Waterloo, which is pursuing LEED v4 for Interior Design and Construction (ID+C) certification, is an exemplar model of this strategy. Google’s motivation for pursuing certification using the LEED v4 rating system is four-fold: creating a healthy space for employees; promoting market-leading innovation; accessing meaningful performance data; and learning important lessons for future projects.

construction. Phase 1 consists of 185,000 sq.ft. of office space located in a former manufacturing facility that takes up a full city block. Its central downtown location allowed the project to achieve all credits under Location & Transportation; however, unlike previous versions of LEED, simply locating a building downtown is not necessarily enough to guarantee full points for LEED v4 ID+C Location & Transportation credits. The surrounding infrastructure needs to meet specific criteria as well. For example, providing bicycle storage, showers and changing facilities is no longer enough to meet the Bicycle Facilities credit; for LEED v4, the building also needs to be connected to a bike path network that services the surrounding area (which is the case for the phase 1 base building). Achieving points for water efficiency was also more challenging owing to LEED v4’s more stringent criteria and baseline performance—automatic sensors on the lavatories, for example, do not

By Mark Bessoudo, WSP Group

provide any benefit in LEED v4. The existing phase 1 base building water fixtures were not low-flow;

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 23


however, Google was able to negotiate with the landlord to have low-flow

building that is pursuing LEED v2009 Core and Shell

toilets and urinals installed, at additional cost. The project was then able to

certification. For Phase 2, the team is pursuing the

pursue half of the water efficiency points available. The team learned that

performance path for energy performance and expects

to achieve additional water efficiency points, projects must use dual-flush toilets (with low-flow volumes for both flushes), ultra low-flow showerheads, and/or use of non-potable water from rainwater harvesting for flushing.

to achieve between 18 and 20 points. A core focus of Google’s green building strategy is healthy materials. The company has a long history of improving

The phase 1 base building, a historic manufacturing facility, was chosen

the health of their indoor environment through enhanced

for its heritage character and for the potential to reuse building materials.

material selection. In 2011, noticing that the industry lacked

The trade-off for this selection, however, was that the building’s existing

comprehensive data on material ingredients, the company

envelope was not on par with a new high-performance building envelope,

launched their “Healthy Materials” project to improve the

resulting in more challenges in terms of energy performance. Therefore, the

availability and transparency of this data. This project

project used the prescriptive path for energy performance and focused on

involved communicating and coordinating directly with

design elements within their control. These constraints allowed the project

product manufacturers. In 2014, Google’s internal Portico

to pursue between 8 and 10 of the available 25 energy points. Phase 2 of

program launched which provides project teams with a

the project (currently under construction), however, is located in a base

database and rating system for each building material and



FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS


product used. The process involves evaluating all building products through

Google’s pursuit of LEED v4 certification for their Waterloo

a rigorous screening process using criteria that is aligned with LEED v4

office has been both challenging and rewarding and

requirements and based on established industry standards including Health

demonstrates market-leading innovation. Many lessons

Product Declaration, GreenScreen, and Cradle 2 Cradle.

were learned throughout the process that the project

Even with this industry-leading and comprehensive program in place, the materials credits were still the most challenging part of the project’s pursuit of LEED v4. In particular, the Building Product Disclosure and Optimization

design team—including Google—can apply to future projects. The result will be higher-performing and healthier indoor spaces for everyone.

credits were the most challenging to achieve. In many cases manufacturers

Mark Bessoudo is a Green Building and Sustainability

believed that the product documentation they provided was LEED v4-

Consultant at WSP Group. WSP Group were the

compliant. However, upon further inspection and review, additional informa-

sustainability advisors for this project.

tion was required. Carpet and furniture products were the easiest to obtain documentation for, as those makers were among the first in the industry to align their manufacturing with the LEED v4 requirements. Phase 1 of the project targeted 6 of the 10 material points available.

[1] SuperCollider Breakout Room. [2] Googlers in a huddle space. [3] The cafe at Google Kitchener-Waterloo. [4] The climbing wall at Google Kitchener-Waterloo. [5] The library at Google Kitchener-Waterloo. Photos: Google Canada


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 25

Innovation Awards Program (finalists) Commercial Interiors

300 Front Street West

500 Consumers Rd, 5th floor

Cisco Systems Canada HQ

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Starbucks Coffee Canada

Enbridge Gas Distribution

Cisco Systems Canada

Existing Buildings: Operations & Maintenance

438 University Avenue

Toronto-Dominion Centre

Yonge Corporate Centre

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Dream Office Reit

The Cadillac Fairview Corporation

The Cadillac Fairview Corporation

Winners will be announced at the CaGBC Greater Toronto Chapter Gala and Awards Program on October 13, 2016 at the Arcadian Court

(tickets on sale now) http://bit.ly/2016galaawards


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

New Construction / Core & Shell

Gore Meadows Community Centre and Library

RBC WaterPark Place

UTSC Environmental Science and Chemistry Building

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

ZAS Architects Inc.

Oxford Properties Group

University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC) Campus



Active House Centennial Park

Minto Watergarden

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Nominated Company


Great Gulf

The Minto Group


Bentall Kennedy LEED for Existing Buildings Volume Certification Program

Grange Triple Double House

The Bill Fisch Forest and Stewardship Education Centre

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Nominated Company

Bentall Kennedy

Williamson Williamson Inc

DIALOG & York Region

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 27


On June 9, 2016, the Greater Toronto Chapter of the Canada Green Building Council (CaGBC-GTC) successfully hosted its inaugural Drive for Change Golf Tournament at the Royal Woodbine Golf Course in Etobicoke. The CaGBC-GTC kindly donated a portion of the proceeds to The Living City Foundation, to support the ongoing effort to protect, conserve, and enhance the Don River watershed.

(save the date)

september 19, 2017 RattleSnake Point Golf Club www.cagbctoronto.org


FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

Truly Sustainable Wall Design Healthy Low Carbon Footprint Energy EfďŹ cient Recycled Materials Summer Heat Protection

Materials | Planning | Prefabrication Call us to arrange a free initial consultation



FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 29

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FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS

Thank you for helping us build a more energy efficient Ontario. 501 Alliance Investments Inc Areus Design Athena Automation Ltd Branthaven Homes Brookfield Homes Carleton University City Core Developments City of Mississauga City of Niagara Falls City of Ottawa City of Toronto City of Vaughn Cole & Associate Conseil des ecoles publiques de ‘est de l’Ontario Controllex (1301986 Ontario Inc) DCL Health Care District School Board of Niagara Domicile Developments Ottawa Fieldgate Homes G Group of Companies Geranium Corp Giant Tiger Stores Greenpark Guizzetti Corporation Hawkesbury Hospital Homestead Apartments Honda Canada

Hullmark Developments Jarlette Long Term Care Jinah Bros (1147310 Ontario Inc) Liberty Developments (1857305 Ontario Inc) Mackenzie Health Hospital Main and Main Martinway Contracting Ltd Mattamy Medallion Corporation Minto Developments Nordstrom Stores Canada Ottawa Catholic School Board Ottawa School Board Peel Region Long Term Care Peel Region William Osler Hospital Pegah Developments Peterborough Canoe Museum Regional Group (eQ Homes Inc) Riverside Developments (1872334 Ontario Inc) Rockport Group Sapphire Construction (Bufalino) Sheridan College

Shores of Port Credit Simcoe School Board Skale Developments Solitude Development Corp Solmar Developments Corp Soti Developments St. Charles Market – Ottawa St. Elias Church Stanton Renaissance Student Housing Canada (Durham College) The Regional Municipality of Niagara Times Group Tomlinson Toronto Catholic School Board Toronto Waterfront TRCA Treasure Hill Tridel Triovest Reality University of Toronto Urbandale Wall Street Village – Ottawa Windmill Development Group Ltd Westbanks Projects Corp YMCA of Toronto Zancor Homes Zappitelli

We can help you be ready for code changes in 2017. Next year, the Ontario Building Code will increase required energy performance by approximately 15%. Our Savings by Design (SBD) program gives you free access to industry experts, plus incentives for constructing energy efficient buildings beyond code.

Learn more at build.savingsbydesign.ca

FALL 2016 Toronto FOCUS 31

Profile for SAB Magazine


The Fall 2016 Issue of Toronto CaGBC Chapter FOCUS publicatin


The Fall 2016 Issue of Toronto CaGBC Chapter FOCUS publicatin

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