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SE P T E M B E R/O C TO B E R 2 0 18 | VO LUM E 10 ISSUE 5

Below the SURFACE The RGV cleans up its water act.



STC president promotes power of community colleges.

Doing business across borders.

MENTAL LOAD How workload, stress, and anxiety impact productivity in the workplace.


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RGVision was founded in 2009 to praise people for their success and compliment the Rio Grande Valley for

globe. Although we still honor individuals like these at our events, RGVision has shifted the focus of our cover stories to issues that pertain to the Rio Grande Valley. We hope to start conversations that will raise awareness and improve the quality of life in the region many of our readers call home. In this issue you will learn about what our local leaders are doing to improve the quality of life in our community and also learn how our educational

Adriana Dominguez Adrian Gonzalez Susie Martinez Bill Martin Dr. Alfonso Mercado

Omar Díaz Jason Garza Ben Briones James Hord Dominique Zmuda Johnny Quiroz John Brush


Rick Bassett, who patented his own knee used across the


CEO of Southwest Airlines, to our local surgeons like Dr.


its growth. We have covered individuals like Gary Kelly, Amy Casebier Lori Houston Sofia Aleman Cori Smelker Efrén Olivares Karla Arredondo Rod Santa Ana Angela M. Insalaco

leaders are changing the trajectory of students lives’ here in the Rio Grande Valley. Thank you for picking up this issue. Continue to be inspired, educated, and informed. Isaiah 43:19


Copyright by RGVision Publications Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction without expressed written permission of the publisher is prohibited. The opinions and views expressed in the magazine don’t necessarily reflect those of our advertisers or collaborators. RGVision magazine is published bi-monthly and circulates 12,000 copies across the Rio Grande Valley in 420 locations with a direct mail distribution to major hospitals and Superintendents within Region 1. The RGVision office is located at 801 N Bryan Rd, Mission, TX 78572. To receive an annual subscription of RGVision publications for $29.99, email

Life Through Lens Mariela Peña Jim Lowenstein Adrienne McCracken Jose Sanchez Albert Villarreal

For editorial comments and suggestions, please send e-mails to For advertising information, please call us at 956.379.6017 or e-mail us at A special thank you to all the advertisers who support this publication: you are the power behind the flywheel igniting positive change that keeps the conversation going. P RI N T ED I N MEXI CO













The RGV cleans up its water act.


T RA NS FORM AT IVE T RA ILB LA ZING STC president promotes power of community colleges.

4 4 T HE FU T U RE OF T HE VA LLEY Doing business across borders.




M ENTA L LOA D How workload, stress, and anxiety impact productivity in the workplace.



Expanding Creativity

Ensuring Options

Leading by Example

El Grito

pg 8

pg 30

pg 52

pg 72

Educating Young Minds

Now and Later

Eating Disorders

The Valley’s Best Tacos

pg 10

pg 32

pg 56

pg 74

Supporting Students

Passion for Service

Dr. Michael Lago

Visual Storytelling

pg 12

pg 34

pg 58

pg 76

Fall Pumpkin Patch Guide

Gateway to the Valley

Toxic Beauty

Garden Guardians

pg 20

pg 38

pg 64

pg 78

Academic Enrichment

Fundraising for Cancer

Healthy Pumpkin Muffins

Conservation Allies

pg 22

pg 40

pg 66

pg 80

Pets at Pace

Nurturing Contagious Talent

Ambulance Chser

pg 24

pg 46

pg 82

The Benefits of Homeschool

Family Separations

After the Flood

pg 26

pg 50

pg 84

Teaching Kindness pg 28





New Fine Arts Academy to Inspire Next Generation of Artists at HCISD



SEP/OCT 2018

b y A d r i a n a D om i n g u e z Matthew Garcia was in sixth grade when he picked up his viola in orchestra class for the first time, not realizing the massive impact music would have on his life. Within two weeks, he became first chair of his orchestra. In three months, he was first chair viola in the high school All-Region Orchestra; in a year, he was playing with the University of Texas at Brownsville (now, UTRGV) Symphony Orchestra; a year after that, he had played Carnegie Hall — three times. This summer, Garcia was accepted into the National Youth Orchestra for the second year in a row. In this organization, he has rubbed elbows with some of the nation’s most highly academically and musically trained students.

“These are some of the most brilliant people I have ever met in my life. It’s just so amazing that I had the opportunity to sit next to these kids, getting to learn with them and live with them. They’ve been playing for 13, 14, 15 years — their entire lives,” he said. “As of right now, I’ve been playing the viola for six years, and because of my Harlingen fine arts education, I was able to stand with some of the best students in the country and be their equal.” Garcia’s chance to learn music came in middle school, but what if he had had the chance to immerse himself in the arts at a much younger age? Elementary students attending Harlingen CISD now have the chance to do just that.



At the start of the 2018-19 school year, Harlingen CISD launched a new learning experience with a focus on the arts — the Fine Arts Academy at Lee Means Elementary. “We believe that we must provide choices and opportunities for our families because students have different interests,” said Dr. Art Cavazos, HCISD superintendent. “We need to meet that interest where it is. The fine arts have allowed our students to compete among the very best in the nation. Imagine what they can do if they start in elementary. We’re going to stop imagining and make it happen.” The new fine arts academy features a unique and vertically aligned curriculum developed with a focus on four different pathways — dance, music, visual arts, and theater. Students receive daily exposure to the fine arts through their subject matter. To ensure a responsible rollout and to best meet the needs of the Lee Means community, the transformation into a full-fledged Fine Arts Academy will be a four-year process. “Every year we are going to add a new dimension to what the Fine Arts Academy is going to offer,” said Veronica Kortan, administrator for organizational development. “We believe that when we are going to roll out any innovations, we have to prepare our system and make sure that we are going to be responsible in what we are implementing. At the end of the day, it’s about making sure all of our students are getting their needs met.

“Every year we are going to add a new dimension to what the Fine Arts Academy is going to offer.” Ve r on i ca Kor t a n ,

school, we’ll bring in one of our community partners and have an enrichment class that could be, for example, a piano lesson or a dance lesson. This allows our students that are passionate about a particular strand to nurture that passion and continue to develop those skills.” The Dual Language Academy at Lee Means, which is now in its seventh year, will continue to be a part of the campus programming. For more information on the campus, visit www.hcisd. org/finearts.



While still emphasizing the academic core and strong character values, Lee Means Elementary Fine Arts Academy is inspiring a culture of creativity that extends beyond traditional learning. In pre-K through second grade, students are introduced to thematic lessons in all four strands — dance, music, visual arts, and theater. These grade levels will participate in one production for the year. In grades three through five, students gain exposure to the four strands through the redesign of the school day. Additionally, Fine Arts Academy learners have access to after-school enrichment opportunities free of charge on designated days. “All of our students have enrichment opportunities,” Kortan said. “So for about an hour-and-a-half after



SEP/OCT 2018

admin istrator for Organ ization al Developmen t



AT AN EARLY AGE PSJA ISD’s Early Childhood Education Program Prepares Toddlers for Elementary and Beyond



SEP/OCT 2018

b y A d r i a n G on z a l e z Studies show that early childhood education has a tremendous impact on student life outcomes. Young children are like learning sponges, and as such, every new experience, every word they learn and behaviors they are exposed to can make a lasting impression on their academic success. Continuing its mission to provide high-quality education at an early age, Pharr-San Juan-Alamo ISD is one of few districts in the Rio Grande Valley currently leading the way in early childhood education through its innovative Pre-Kinder 3 and Pre-Kinder 4 program at

schools and partner day cares. As part of the program, 3- and 4-year-old students enrolled can receive school readiness instructional support to ensure they are prepared for school. Thanks to partnerships with over 40 local day cares, parents of 3-year-olds can choose to have them attend full-day at these facilities for a fee or attend the district’s in-house half-day Pre-K 3 program offered at all elementary schools. Through their participation in this program, all participants receive instruction from certified PSJA ISD



teachers. According to PSJA Early Start Pre-K School Principal Consuelo Casas, partnerships through the local day cares in the area allow the day care staff to receive training and guidance from PSJA’s certified teaching staff in order to provide instruction to their student body and ensure students are ready for kindergarten. “The program is one of the biggest assets we have in our school district as we’re giving our students a very early start on their road to success,” Casas said. Since its launch with PSJA in 2017, the collaboration has benefited families, the district, and the day cares. One such success includes the Little School House Learning Center in San Juan, one of the PSJA Partner Day Cares that was recently named a Texas Rising Star (TRS) FourStar certified facility. Macarena Chavez, owner and director of Little School House Learning Center, describes the partnership with PSJA as an important component in earning the TRS Four-Star certification. “The partnership provides a more structured curriculum, a more structured interaction,” Chavez said. “Everything that I have received from the district is wonderful.” The Texas Rising Star program is a voluntary, qualitybased child care rating system of child-care providers participating in the Texas Workforce Commission’s subsidized child-care program. The TRS Provider certification system offers three levels of certification (Two-Star, Three-Star, and Four-Star) to encourage providers to attain progressively higher certification requirements leading to a Four-Star level. Thanks to this success, PSJA ISD’s innovative collaboration has garnered the attention of nearby districts who are now interested in developing similar programs. In addition to the Pre-K 3 program, 4-year-old students can also be enrolled in the district’s full-day Pre-K 4 program available at all 25 elementary schools. This program does not have any eligibility requirements except for students to be 4 years old by Sept. 1. According to Casas, offering a Pre-K 3 and 4 program is invaluable for families as they help provide a solid foundation for lifelong learning. “College ready, college connected and college complete. If you look at those three, that’s our goal,” Casas said about the mission of PSJA ISD. “We’re getting them ready from the very beginning at pre-K, and making sure they are ready for college when they graduate from high school.”

“The program is one of the biggest assets we have in our school district as we’re giving our students a very early start on their road to success.” C on s u e l o C a s a s ,



SEP/OCT 2018

PSJA E arly Start Pre-K Sch ool prin cipal




SEP/OCT 2018


IDEA-U Supporting Students to and Through College by Lo ri Ho u s to n Since the beginning, IDEA Public Schools has made its mission clear: a college education for all of its graduates. IDEA’s phenomenal college acceptance rate is a testament to that mission, but now it is going the extra mile to make sure that IDEA alumni are making it all the way through their college education. For many of us, life often gets in the way of our dreams and goals. There can be many reasons why people lose track of or give up on their dream of a higher education.

Financial difficulties, time constraints, and family obligations are just a few, but the leaders at IDEA are committed to supporting alumni through the obstacles that stand between them and their college degree. IDEA-U is a program that was launched last fall to give students a second chance at college. The hybrid of online and in-person education is specially designed to allow students to study at their own pace while maintaining their work and family obligations. The in-person aspect



“Before IDEA-U, I didn’t know what my plan was, but now I’m halfway there and I can see how this program really is helping me obtain the bachelor’s degree that I really want.”



“In the traditional college, I actually never saw my adviser,” Figueroa said. The flexibility in the required hours of attendance really helps full-time workers. At one point, Figueroa could only go to the center on Fridays and Saturdays. The office has night and weekend hours in addition to the normal business hours. As most of the students enrolled in IDEA-U have been away from the classroom for awhile, and online learning may be new to them, there was an introductory period built in. The program launched in October 2017, but August and September were used for academic onboarding where students got a chance to tune up their academic skills in English, writing, and math. “You get to see if online college is for you,” Figueroa said of the onboarding initiative. “For some people, it is not for them.” IDEA-U has also given Figueroa an added element to his education. He now has an internship with the program where he is honing his business and communication skills in real world situations. “They send me out to recruitment meetings, show me how to interact with students and how to help them with their projects,” Figueroa said. “They’ve pretty much helped me out in all the areas that I wanted to work on.” IDEA-U is currently recruiting new cohorts every three months. It started with 54 students in the first cohort, and plans to expand to over 100 by the end of the year. Figueroa recommends IDEA-U to anyone who has been diverted from their goals by life circumstances. “Before IDEA-U, I didn't know what my plan was, but now I'm halfway there and I can see how this program really is helping me obtain the bachelor’s degree that I really want,” he said.


gives them the extra support and guidance they need to stay on track and focused. Life happened to Rafael Figueroa, and his dream of a college education was cut short. While working full-time at a convenience store, he would run into people he went to school with who were graduating college. He had left college four years ago, and when he would see them, he would think, “I just need to graduate, I need to continue.” When he received a phone call about the program from Maria Esther Rodriguez, the director of undergraduate persistence, he was hopeful for the first time in years. “I really didn't plan to go back to college, so when I heard about IDEA-U, I wanted to continue my education,” he said. “I wanted to have a bachelor's degree so I can find a career instead of just working at the place I was working at.” Figueroa attended an informational meeting and after having the program explained to him — the flexibility, the affordability, and the in-person support — he was excited to start. “At first, I thought it was going to be hard since I was away from university for about four years, but I got a lot of support from the interns and the academic advisers, which I saw every week,” he said. The IDEA-U program is project-based, which allows the students to complete a degree at an accelerated pace. Figueroa finished his associate degree within nine months, and is now working on his bachelor’s degree. The blend of online curriculum and in-person direction and support are well-suited to working adults. The curriculum is administered through College for America, an online institution associated with Southern New Hampshire University. The in-person component consists of a physical location in Weslaco where the students are required to spend 12 hours per week participating in study groups or independent study, and advisement sessions.

SEP/OCT 2018

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TRAILBLAZING STC President Promotes Power of Community Colleges



SEP/OCT 2018

b y Amy Ca s eb i er | p h ot os b y B e n B r i on e s a n d J a m e s H or d

You might be hard-pressed to find a stronger supporter of community colleges than Dr. Shirley A. Reed, president of South Texas College. “My commitment and support for the community colleges, is really very personal in that I was not on a very good path when I left high school,” she said. “It was a painful path, a bad marriage and lots of unpleasantries. It wasn’t until I literally discovered the community college and received the positive reinforcement and encouragement that I could go to college that I believed I could do well.” That exposure shaped the trajectory of Reed’s life.“My whole professional career really has been community colleges,” she said. “I have got over 45 years at this point.” Before Reed became the founding president of STC in 1993, she was a community college administrator in Arizona. And when she did apply for the open position in deep South Texas, it was a new experience for her. “I had never served as a president of a community college,” she said. Hiring someone without experience helming an institution was a difficult decision for the Board of Trustees, Reed added. “I didn’t know the region, but I had returned after my doctorate and earned a second master’s in international business, so I was very familiar with the budding development of NAFTA, the maquila industry, and the economy of South Texas,” she said. “I knew developing a community college would be transformative for the region. I applied, and after a major search, I was the last one standing.” Though STC is unique given its location and the

population it serves, it has important factors in common with comparable institutions across the nation. “Community college really serves as a catalyst for economic development, which leads to regional prosperity and better quality of life for families,” Reed said. “Through the community college, students are provided affordable access to higher ed, whether they’re 16 or 65. We’re affordable, we’re conveniently located, we have very high quality programs, and we have passionate faculty and staff committed to the success of each student.” Many institutions across the country look to STC as an example in many arenas, including its dual enrollment program, she added. Education leaders frequently travel here to pepper STC officials with questions about program implementation and student success. Reed also pointed to the success of students who enroll in the college’s applied degrees in technology. “This is just an example of if you provide the path and the opportunity, and make it affordable, you’re going to have a larger number of graduates and a better-educated community,” she said. STC continues to grow with the completion of new facilities on its five campus as the result of bond construction worth $159 million. The final project was slated to be finished in August — the Regional Center for Public Safety Excellence located in Pharr, which will strengthen training for law enforcement professionals and students. Future projects for STC include taking part in guided pathways, a nationwide initiative to streamline college curriculum.



. SEPT/OCT 2018




Even with everything she and STC have achieved, Reed prefers to look to the future instead of the past. “I try not to reflect back on ‘look at how far we’ve come,’” she said. “Instead, I stay very focused on how much further we need to go. There’s so much more to be done. There’s a real urgency on getting it done for the sake of the economy of the Valley and all those families still living in poverty.” Reed highlighted economic growth in the region and the corresponding jobs that have been created. However, she pointed out that many of the jobs were in the service industry — necessary, but low-paying. “The economy of a community is directly related to the educational level of the residents of that community,” Reed said. “That’s what the Valley is struggling with currently. We have to have a competitive workforce in this community. We must have that workforce prepared.” Some of the most lucrative careers in the Valley originate in positions that require further education, Reed said, citing Rio Grande LNG, the port expansion in Brownsville, SpaceX’s Boca Chica launch site, and the dramatic expansion of health care in the region. “If you think of a nurse with two years of college making $60,000, $70,000 a year, that’s how you drive an economy and you make a region prosper,” she said. “That’s what STC has been doing with great success.” Reed has some advice for individuals on the fence about earning a degree. “From my perspective, stopping the excuses, stopping the procrastination, stopping the ‘I want to be’ and just do something is the first step. It is time to do it for a better quality of life for yourself,” she said. “There’s no magic. Of course you can do it. But if you don’t take the first step, you’ll never do it. It is time to do it for a better quality of life for yourself.”

“I frequently say that the community college put me on a better path, it saved my life, and I just think others should have that same opportunity.” Dr. Shirley A. Reed ,



SEP/OCT 2018

p r e s id e n t o f So uth Texas Co l l e ge

“We are making a real effort to take a fresh look at all the degrees we offer,” Reed said. “We have 122 different degrees and certificates. So you want to go to college and you come in and you have to choose one of those 122 — is that reasonable? We’re now trying to rein in those wide variety of degrees and get them focused a little more.” The drive to continue to grow and enhance STC’s offerings for the RGV community is an important mission for Reed. “That passion, it’s deep inside. It’s a core value. I can feel the emotion talking about it,” she said. “I frequently say that the community college put me on a better path, it saved my life, and I just think others should have that same opportunity.” The region has taken note of Reed’s contribution to the Rio Grande Valley. This year, the City of McAllen honored Reed as a female community trailblazer. “I’ve really reflected on what has transpired with STC over the years and my role as president because it truly has been one of being a trailblazer, building the institution, working with the leadership and community, leading faculty, administrators and the Board,” Reed said. “It was all new territory because nothing like this was here before.”





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SEP/OCT 2018





Temperatures are starting to cool down, school is in

family entertained. All the attractions are included in the

session and the countdown to all of the autumn and

entry fee of $10 per person. You can get more information by

winter holidays has begun. All around the Rio Grande

calling (956) 239-4504.

Valley, churches, schools, and other organizations are

First United Methodist Church of Edinburg — 3707 W.

gearing up for fall and hosting pumpkin patches. These

University Drive, Edinburg, TX

events make a great experience for kids, and provide a

There is normally a large number of pumpkins on display

great backdrop for fall photos and oftentimes have other

and available for purchase at the beginning of October. For

activities you and your little ones can participate in. Here

current information, please call (956) 381-9806.

is a list of pumpkin patches opening all across the Rio

Maddie’s Pumpkin Patch — 6712 N. Bentsen Road, McAllen, TX

Grande Valley this season:

An awesome red barn makes Maddie’s Pumpkin Patch

First United Methodist Church of Brownsville — 1225

a picture perfect location to visit this fall. The location is

Boca Chica Blvd., Brownsville, TX

open every day starting in October through the day before

Join the members of the FUMC in Brownsville for their

Thanksgiving. This 5-acre farm in McAllen has it all, from

annual Pumpkin Patch from Oct. 13 through Oct. 31

hay rides to a petting zoo. Get a perfect fall family picture in

benefiting the Good Neighbors Settlement House. The

the pumpkin patch, then enjoy the little corn maze and other

pumpkins come from a Navajo Indian Reservation in

games. The cost will be $5 per person or $20 for a car-load.

New Mexico and prices vary, but picture taking is free.

For more information, call (956) 457-3035.

Day cares and preschools can call ahead and schedule

St. Mark United Methodist Church — 301 Pecan Blvd.,

story time and a fun pumpkin science experiment.

St. Mark's will have a huge selection of pumpkins for a

Harrison Ave., Harlingen, TX

wonderful photo background for local families along with

The FUMC in Harlingen will be opening their pumpkin

other activities during the month of October. Call (956) 682-

patch from Oct. 12 through Oct. 31. Stop by to enjoy

1481 for the most updated information.

pumpkins of all colors and sizes and take some amazing fall photos. School groups can schedule story and


activity time at the pumpkin patch, as well.

SEP/OCT 2018

McAllen, TX

First United Methodist Church of Harlingen — 321 E.


Donna’s Corn Maze — 807 N. Valley View Road, Donna, TX Corn maze organizers plan to open the first Friday in October and will be open every weekend in October. Expect a full-sized and a mini-corn maze for the little ones. In addition to the maze, organizers offer tractor rides, hay rides, and barrel train rides. The pillow jump and pedal karts and adventure barn are sure to keep your





La Joya ISD Secures Grant to Start Community Learning Centers by Susie Martinez La Joya Independent School District recently secured a whopping $1,500,000 annual budget through the Texas 21st Century Community Learning Centers Cycle 10 grant. The grant was secured through the assistance of the Educational Research Institute, the district’s external grant writing and management firm, and Mrs. Maria Belem Leal, grant development coordinator. This collaboration among both parties created a successful grant submission for the district.

1.     Juarez Lincoln High School 2.     Ann Richards Middle School 3.     Saenz Middle School 4.     JD Salinas Middle School


5.     Domingo Trevino Middle School 6.     Benavides Elementary


SEP/OCT 2018

Grant funds will be distributed between 10 of La Joya ISD’s participating campuses:

7.     Sam Fordyce Elementary 8.     Seguin Elementary 9.     Tabasco Elementary 10.  Zapata Elementary


The purpose of the grant program is to support the creation of community learning centers that provide academic enrichment opportunities during non-school hours for children. The program helps students meet state and local student standards in core academic subjects, such as reading and math, offers students a broad array of enrichment activities that can complement their regular academic programs, and offers literacy and other educational services to the families of participating children. La Joya ISD is one of 13 awarded applicants eligible for up to four years of continued funding, contingent on availability of funds and meeting established performance requirements.  Janeth Leal was recently approved by La Joya ISD Board of Trustees as the Afterschool Centers of Education (ACE) director for the project. Leal and Dr. Alda T. Benavides, superintendent of schools, are enthusiastic about the project and look forward to the implementation of the ACE centers at designated schools as early as Aug. 27. Additionally, La Joya ISD also received recent success in the submission of the 2018–2020 School Transformation Fund - Implementation Grant for Juarez Lincoln High School with an award of $300,000. La Joya ISD – Juarez Lincoln High School will “transform classroom instruction through a rigorous and focused Transformation Model which will target teacher


instruction, integrate technology in the classrooms, and transfer teachers’ 21st century skills to their students. This plan is based on research from Dr. Laura Goe’s (Teacher Quality and Student Achievement, March 2008) examination of teacher quality and will include providing Advanced Placement (AP) Certification for all core content subject teachers, regardless of their teaching assignment, in order to increase rigor in the classroom. Additional training, such as an IT3 (Intensive Teacher Technology Training) Academy and a School Transformation Leadership Retreat, will help the campus in completing its transformation. La Joya ISD is ecstatic about receiving both of these grant awards and is eagerly awaiting the implementation of the programs. Through the implementation of these programs, La Joya ISD will continue to make great strides towards reaching the district’s mission to provide “educational excellence through rigor, relevance, and relationships” and its commitment to its students, schools, and community.



The program helps students meet state and local student standards in core academic subjects, such as reading and math, and offers students a broad array of enrichment activities that can complement their regular academic programs.

SEP/OCT 2018

Ja n e t h Le a l, AC E d i r e cto r, l e f t, and D r. A l d a Be nav i des, su perin ten den t, righ t.




PACE Academy’s Animals Contribute to Curriculum



SEP/OCT 2018

by So fia A lem a n

Harlingen-based Waldorf School Pace Academy recognizes the astounding benefits that come with incorporating animals into the curriculum. Tending to pets or farm animals can prompt responsibility in a child and help them to recognize that their behavior and actions directly affect the wellbeing of the pet. Children learn they must have a respect for life when they realize animals must be cared for whether they “feel like it” or not. “I love animals and I will tell you we use them for team building, teaching kids’ responsibilities, executive functioning,” said Robin Wilson-Clipson, principal of Pace Academy. “We’ve also used them to teach nutrition.” In addition, having animals encourages kids to connect with nature and the world around them. All of a sudden, they’re out of the classroom and seeing, feeling, and interacting as part of hands-on learning. On campus, Pace Academy allows their students to participate in taking care of chickens. By caring for a living animal, kids recognize the big role they have to stay responsible. Wilson-Clipson explains that the younger grades help gather eggs in the morning “simply because it brings them so much joy.” And when the time comes to harvest eggs some of the older kids will participate, as well. The students also get to enjoy the experience of feeding and grooming the chickens, like making sure their feathers are all intact. Older students share in the responsibility of loading hay into the chicken coop and keeping a wind block to help the chickens stay warm during the winter. “I explain to the students these animals need to be treated with dignity,” Wilson-Clipson said. Along the lines of treating an animal with dignity, Wilson-

Clipson explains to the students that their food comes from animals, including these chickens. By recognizing the process of getting a chicken to become a chicken nugget, students gain a better of understanding of why it’s important not to waste food. “You need to have more reverence for your food,” Wilson-Clipson added. “So we teach them that even that pear or that apple that they’re eating started out as a tiny little seed and it took six months to grow,” she said. “There was a lot of energy that went into making that apple, so let’s not be wasteful when we’re eating.” And that’s not all. Pace Academy makes sure to utilize the chickens to teach standards-based academic skills, like math, reading, and science. Wilson-Clipson explains she likes for the children to distinguish the anatomical differences between the chickens and humans. Students will also learn about diet, including what nourishes chickens compared to what nourishes humans. They talk about body and bone structure, like the digestive system of the chicken. “We talk about how their hearing and their sight is different than ours according to what is a predator and what is a prey animal,” Wilson-Clipson said. “Like the one horse that we have, I explain to them you don’t walk up on a horse without giving them notice because in the wild they are prey and if you startle them they may lash out at you in defense for their life. So those are important things for kids to learn as far as how to treat animals, how to be gentler, and through this you’re teaching them how to be more gentle with each other, as well.”


Keep the Beat The best care is preventative care You may be at higher risk for heart disease if you have: •

Family history of heart disease

High cholesterol

High blood pressure


Or if you are a smoker (current or former)

Symptoms of heart disease may include: • • • • •

Pressure/pain in chest Pain or discomfort that spreads into shoulders, neck, arms or jaw Shortness of breath Swelling in feet, ankles, legs or abdomen Tiredness, fatigue, lack of appetite

Meet the Heart and Vascular Team Cardiologists

Cardiothoracic Surgery

Federico Azpurua, MD

Lester M Dyke, MD

Carlos D. Giraldo, MD, FACC Swarnalatha Kanneganti, MD Dileep Menon, MD

Electrophysiology Eric Taylor, MD, FACC

Luis E. Padula, MD, FACC Carlos Pimentel, MD, FACC, FSCAI Juan Diego Posada, MD, FACC Ofsman Quintana, MD, FACC, FSCAI

Establish a relationship with a cardiologist who can tailor a care plan for you.

Call 956-630-5522 today.

McAllen • Mission • Rio Grande City • Weslaco

Source: For language assistance, disability accommodations and the non-discrimination notice, visit our website. 180470



HOMESCHOOL Nurturing the Whole Child



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Educational equity is one of the most important aspects of a child’s foundation. Parents want their children to succeed academically and grow into adulthood with multiple employment options, healthy socialization skills, and a multitude of other talents and skills. For most children, this means entrusting their educational pathways to the public school system, or for others, maybe a private school like Montessori or Waldorf. What happens in the classroom will help this child grow as an individual and aid in developing lifelong learners and strong positive character traits. Recently in the Valley, there has been an increase in parents who are benefiting from taking control of their child’s academics and bringing them back into the home for school. Homeschooling parents in the Valley highlight the benefits of educating their children at home, including an increased opportunity for character-building based on

personalized foundational principles and values that can not be found outside the home. “People get the misconception that when they homeschool, it’s just subjects, but once you start homeschooling, you realize that, yes, subjects are important, but what you’re dealing more with is character training. We get to work on character training when we spend most of our waking hours with these little humans,” said Mio Cabeza, a 10-year homeschool mom of four children in Edinburg. “My husband and I wanted to have the biggest and strongest impact on their lives emotionally, spiritually, and mentally.” In addition to being the strongest impact on your child, one Valley mom says homeschooling encourages a lifelong learning lifestyle. “Even though there are a lot of different homeschool learning philosophies, most of them do focus on the fact



that learning is not just something you do during a set amount of time, learning is all the time,” said Melissa Nuñez, homeschooling mom of three years and mom of three. When parents carry out one-on-one learning, it is easy to navigate through multiple questions, delve deeper, or repeat a certain subject. “My son has the opportunity to be open-minded, learn, be wrong, make mistakes, and we’re doing it all together and I like the way that works,” Nuñez added. Confidence is another benefit that comes from children who are able to converse frequently and achieve educational goals at their own pace. “One thing people notice about my daughter is that she’s so well-mannered and behaves more mature,” said Nicole Armijo, a three-year homeschooler and mom of three children in McAllen. “People notice she’s so good at making friends, she goes up to kids at the park and asks them their name. She’s just more confident.” One of the reasons Armijo attributes homeschooling as a boost to her daughter’s confidence is because if her daughter has an issue with another child during play dates or co-op homeschool groups, she is able to talk through her dilemma immediately. “We talk about how to deal with the situation,” Armijo said. “I think it’s helped her with her confidence and with her maturity. She doesn’t lash out or act ‘her age’ about it.” Olivia Lopez, a three-year homeschooler, and mom of two children in Raymondville also highlights the changes in confidence she sees in her daughter and the compliments in maturity and advanced critical thinking skills her daughter receives from people in their community and church. But another aspect of homeschooling that has been beneficial for their family is flexibility. While both public school and private school students attend a scheduled eight-hour school day, homeschool children have the flexibility to start school at whatever hour is best for them and commonly finish their work within a couple of hours. “My husband and I do ministry and sometimes we’re on call and up late at night,” Lopez said. “My daughter can sleep late the next day and we can start school when she wakes up. The schedule is the biggest drive for us.” While homeschooling does present challenges for every family, Cabeza says the countless benefits of homeschooling outweigh any presented downside. “I knew the bonding and the time I was spending with my kids would outweigh the struggles,” she said. “We always do things together as a family and you get to witness the fruit in your kids.” For each family, the trials of education at home differ, but all parents guarantee that socialization is not one of them.

“It’s a passion for me when we talk about homeschool— we’re not just talking about notebooks and textbooks, we’re talking about the whole person as an individual.” M i o C a b e z a , a 10 -year h omesch ool mom



For most parents with children in an organized school system, the idea that your child will no longer have friends if you started homeschooling is inapplicable. In fact, socialization outside of school is more accurately compared to real world interactions. Children are able to converse with people who are in all age groups and all walks of life while in social situations outside of the public or private school classroom. “We are exposing them to adults, younger children, young adults, teenagers, and kids their own age everyday,” said Nuñez of her 7-year-old son and 3-year-old daughter. “My son can have a conversation with a 7-yearold, a 15-year-old, or a 30-year-old, without hesitation, he has so much confidence. … The longer I homeschool, it just seems like such a funny thing to be worried about, because we interact with people all the time and with all ages — not just with their age.” So whether parents choose to homeschool because of freedom in educational choices, individualized instruction, stronger family ties, or flexibility, they only hope for the best outcome for each individual child. All parents agreed homeschooling does not have merely one face. It is the least restrictive style of learning and each family benefits from different styles. “It’s a passion for me when we talk about homeschool — we’re not just talking about notebooks and textbooks, we’re talking about the whole person as an individual,” Cabeza said. “We want the whole person, the student, to be nurtured in every way, shape, and form. In every capacity we want to understand, how do they learn best? And that takes time, investment, and a lot of prayer and guidance.”

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of fou r ch ildren in E din bu rg


Attract More Bees with Honey Using Compassion in Classroom

The state of Texas continues to place a lot of emphasis on anti-bullying laws and regulations in schools — more specifically, cyberbullying within the students on their campus. Teachers and administrators are encouraged to take action if they see any type of harassment or bullying between students or serious changes in behavior if a student appears emotionally unwell. While anti-bullying laws are an excellent resource and method of protecting each child’s physical and emotional well-being, some teachers are taking it one step further: modeling and teaching methods of kindness in the classroom. Teaching kindness in the classroom means teachers treat children with respect and kindness and model scenarios in which students learn how to approach real-world situations with kindness. For older students, teachers will place high expectations for students to react in kind ways toward their peers, temper their anger or disagreements in healthy ways, and seek methods of solution and peace with other students. It also includes training on how to value themselves and others and promote positivity in their demeanor. For younger

children, it’s all these things in addition to an emphasis on learning to share and how to wait for toys when sharing is impossible. Robin Wilson-Clipson, principal and teacher at Pace Academy in Harlingen, noticed a need to teach kindness in her school as a proactive approach against bullying, and has noted incredible success with her students. She emphasizes how teaching kindness offers children longlasting character qualities that carry on to adulthood. “When you’re teaching anti-bullying, you’re reacting to something that’s already happened — you’re waiting for something to happen and then you’re teaching children how to arm themselves against bullying, but at that point, somebody has already been injured,” Wilson-Clipson said. “However, I truly believe that the way to not have to teach anti-bullying is to just teach kindness. We can teach students how to interact with their peers in a positive and wholesome way.” Junior high students in Wilson-Clipson’s class have learned to disagree in healthy ways that don’t lead to aggressive behavior or emotional explosions. Students



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have gained a respect for different opinions when it comes to lifestyle choices or preferences, and don’t judge one another. Promoting a positive and understanding environment has increased productivity within the class because students feel comfortable and safe. “When children are taught kindness in the classroom, large group discussions in class — no matter what it’s about, science, math, English, poetry, movies, video games, no matter what it is — the conversation is more open and students are more apt to share what they truly believe because they know they can bring information to the group and not be criticized for their viewpoint or ridiculed or shamed because they don’t think the same way as everyone else,” Wilson-Clipson said. “It helps with their expansion of knowledge and mind — and people can share openly and freely without risking being hurt.” Rachel Rodriguez, head of the math department and an eighth-grade teacher at Todd Middle School in Donna, also agrees that fostering a safe environment is key to academic success and should be included into the class culture and expectations. “I think as a teacher it’s my job not to just teach math,” Rodriguez said. “We should go a step further and teach students to be good citizens, and respect is a big part of it.” Every year Rodriguez uses an activity with her students called “The Trash Bag Activity” that aims at promoting respect in the classroom and producing a safe environment, and every year she sees impactful results among students and their peers. Students in each of her classes receives a blank index card. On one side students are instructed to write about a time in their life they have been emotionally or physically hurt by another person. She gives examples of types of bullying and encourages students to be raw and truthful when writing their experience because the index cards remain anonymous. Students share hurtful and painful moments that sometimes even surprise Rodriguez. On the opposite side of the index card, students are then

We should go a step further and teach students to be good citizens, and respect is a big part of it.” Ra ch e l Rod r i g u e z , Todd M iddle



instructed to write a time they have hurt someone else. She shares an example of students who didn’t actually bully a child but perhaps just laughed along or ignored bullying. Once students finish the assignment, she then passes along a trash bag to symbolize that each hurtful experience represents “trash” and will not be tolerated in the classroom. She assures students that she will protect them if she sees bullying and expects respectful behavior to both her and their peers while in her class. “No matter what, students will respect my classroom ... it’s a self-check for them and I let them know that no matter what’s going on out there right now, they’re in the classroom — they have to throw disrespect in the trash,” Rodriguez said. Both educators agreed that teaching kindness in the classroom not only affects the current learning environment but aids in creating more respectful and understanding students, friends, employees, and citizens, as well as encourages other teachers to adopt teaching kindness.

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Sch ool math departmen t h ead



ENSURING options Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce’s Featured Member of the Month Mayra Perez of Eiffel Insurance in Mission



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We met with the Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce’s Featured Member of the Month Mayra Perez, owner of Eiffel Insurance in Mission. Perez shared a little about her company’s services, multiple locations, and the ways in which the Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce has helped her business gain recognition in the Mission area and beyond. Mayra Perez: My name is Mayra Perez. I’m the owner of Eiffel Insurance. We are an auto-home-life-and commercial insurance company. It’s an agency broker. We do life home auto and commercial insurance. RGVision: Tell us a little about Eiffel Insurance. MP: We look for the best rate for our customers. We are a broker, so we have a bunch of insurance companies that we can offer you. Some of them would be like Progressive,

ACC Insurance, Empower, Connect Insurance — so we compare and look for the best rate. Our main bread and butter is auto insurance — personal insurance. We look for the best rate for you to get auto insurance for liability or full coverage. We also specialize in commercial insurance, like for trucking businesses. We offer home insurance — we have various companies for that. We also offer life insurance. R: How long has Eiffel Insurance been around? MP: We have been in business since April 2014, so two years. R: Do you have more locations? MP: Yes, we have a total of four locations in the Valley: Mission, McAllen, San Juan and Weslaco. R: What has your experience been as a member of the




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Mission, which we’re already talking with them about — getting ideas as far as grand openings, marketing, and social media, and things like that. R: How was working with the Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce made a difference in your business? MP: Before working with the Chamber of Commerce, people didn’t really know where we were. It really has helped my business as far as letting people know that we are a part of the Chamber so now I get more walk-ins — I get more business. They recognize me more through social media. So we have gotten more business due to Mission Chamber.


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For More Info:




700 Convention Center B McAllen, Texas 78501 Phone: (956) 681-3800 Fax: (956) 681-3840

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Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce? MP: Working with the Mission Chamber has been exciting. It has opened my eyes to getting new ideas for my business and how to fit in with Mission and to get a feel for how Mission works, since I’m not originally from Mission. So as far as social media, meeting new people — just getting new ideas. They have helped me a lot. R: What are your future plans with the Greater Mission Chamber of Commerce? MP: The Mission Chamber of Commerce will help me, just like they did my grand opening here at this location. They’re going to help me do my grand openings at my other three locations I have, even though they are not in Mission. But I do plan on opening at least two more locations here in the area of

+ Sunset Live Outdoor Concert


- Ma yr a Per ez, o w ne r o f Ei f f e l Ins ur a nce



Before working with the Chamber of Commerce, people didn’t really know where we were. It really has helped my business as far as letting people know that we are a part of the Chamber so now I get more walk-ins — I get more business.

+ Franco Escamilla


Bill MARTIN, CFP® Vice President, Investments 1845 Capital of Raymond James, 1400 N. McColl Road, Suite 101 | McAllen 956-331-2777

Now and Later

if your children are financially comfortable, and you want to provide for your grandchildren or even your greatgrandchildren. Your children can benefit from the income generated by the assets in the trust, but they don’t own the assets in the trust and can be given no access to the trust principal or limited access at the trustee’s discretion, depending on your objectives. The underlying assets will transfer tax free to the generation after.

Generation-Skipping Transfer Trusts Allow for Tax-Efficient Wealth Transfer

• You can fund a generation-skipping trust with up to $11.2

million, allocating your lifetime exemption and your GST exemption to the trust to avoid gift tax as well as future GST tax liability. • Once the exemption is applied, future appreciation of the trust assets is allocated to the trust beneficiaries directly. If the trust is irrevocable, your family won’t have to pay GST tax even if the trust assets appreciate considerably after your gift is complete. Estate and tax planning is complicated; layering on temporary rules that may or may not be made permanent dials up the complexity when it comes to navigating federal estate, gift and generation-skipping transfer taxes, as well as state estate or inheritance taxes. You’ll want expert guides — your adviser, accountant, and lawyer come to mind — to help you take maximum advantage of the generation-skipping transfer tax lifetime exemption. Please note, changes in tax laws may occur at any time and could have a substantial impact upon each person’s situation. Raymond James does not provide tax or legal advice. You should discuss tax or legal matters with the appropriate professional. As featured in WORTHWHILE , a quarterly periodical dedicated to serving the

Skipping Generations for a Reason, or Three One strategy is the generation-skipping trust, which bypasses your immediate children in order to benefit your grandchildren even more down the line. There are three key reasons to do so: • This helps protect significant family wealth from substantial future tax liability. This is especially beneficial

clients of Raymond James advisors and affiliated advisory firms. © 2018 Raymond James & Associates, Inc., member New York Stock Exchange/ SIPC © 2018 Raymond James Financial Services, Inc., member FINRA/SIPC Investment products are: not deposits, not FDIC/NCUA insured, not insured by any government agency, not bank guaranteed, subject to risk and may lose value. 17-WorthWhile-0016 BS 5/18



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The new tax law, passed in late December, temporarily raised the lifetime exclusion for estate, gift, and generationskipping taxes to just over $11 million per person. The higher exemption, which adjusts for inflation while in effect, sunsets at the end of 2025. That means, for the next eight years, each person can gift or transfer up to $11.2 million without having to pay federal gift or estate taxes. That amount doubles for couples, and can be combined with the annual gift exclusion, which allows you to give $15,000 in 2018 to any number of people without reducing your federal lifetime gift tax exemption. In effect, federal estate taxes will be rendered moot for all but the wealthiest of Americans. But the tax is steep on the amount that exceeds the limit: 40 percent. Note that the generation-skipping transfer (GST) tax, imposed at a 40 percent flat rate, is in addition to gift or estate tax, depending on whether the transfer is made during life or at death. Of course, when it comes to financial planning, taxes should take the back-burner to achieving your goals, but they should be considered. Especially now that you have an opportunity to transfer more wealth to your family through existing or newly formed irrevocable trusts, including generation-skipping trusts.


© 2010 Southwest Airlines Co.

WHEN WE SERVE TOGETHER IN OUR COMMUNITIES, EVERYONE SOARS. Southwest Airlines® proudly partners with those who are helping to shape our communities all across America. One good deed—when coupled with another and another and another—can truly make a positive difference in our daily lives.



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PASSION FOR SERVICE Award-Winning RGV Lawyer Puts Clients First

by A my C a se b i er




If not for a perpetually late friend, Jesus “Jesse” “I got a phone call from a local lawyer that handled Gonzalez might never have become a lawyer. personal injury cases that said, ‘hey, why don’t you “I’d have to wait in his house while he got ready and come and work for me?’” Gonzalez said. “I considered it he had a lot of information for lawyers like the LSAT because my educational debt was enormous.” examination,” Gonzalez said. “He had all these exams to Though his dream was educational law, Gonzalez had prepare you.” also discovered a passion for personal injury law. In the half-hour Gonzalez waited, he read the materials, “I took classes that focused on essentially helping answered sample questions, and graded himself. people when they’ve been hurt by people that are “I would get them right all the time,” Gonzalez said. negligent or reckless,” he said. “I thought, ‘well, this is “I would say, ‘man, this law stuff is so easy.’ That was going to be a good fit.’” my first hint that if this is something you want to do, During his first job in law, Gonzalez worked closely obviously you can do it because you’re answering all with accident victims. At a later job at a different firm, he these questions right.” represented insurance companies, gaining the opposite That natural affinity for law foreshadowed the future. perspective of the cases he represented before. That Now, Gonzalez is an award-winning personal injury diversity of knowledge today helps Gonzalez study the attorney at J. Gonzalez Law Firm, with offices in McAllen, tactics insurance companies use to deny victims their Brownsville, and Rio Grande City. Through the firm, rights. Gonzalez takes on thousands of cases every year, helping “I worked essentially both sides of the aisle, both Valley residents and clients across the country. representing the accident victims and representing the Prior to becoming a lawyer, big companies that were fighting Gonzalez was passionate about the accident victims, so I got a helping people. He felt frustrated pretty good idea of what it was to J. Gonzalez Law Firm that he couldn’t do more when he work both sides,” Gonzalez said. saw loved ones in need of legal opened its doors in 2001, “After that, I decided it’s time to aid. open up my own practice.” but it wasn’t until about “I remembered thinking, ‘I’m J. Gonzalez Law Firm opened five years later that so powerless to help my friends its doors in 2001, but it wasn’t and family because I’m not a until about five years later that business really started lawyer,’” Gonzalez said. “To be in a business really started to boom. to boom. At first, it was position to help people with their At first, it was difficult to find difficult to find cases. problems would be cool — to be cases. able to be that person they could “We have a problem in South go to for help.” Texas with a lot of people that At the time, Gonzalez enjoyed illegally solicit accident victims,” teaching fifth grade at Benavides Elementary School in Gonzalez said. “The very few that were left were La Joya — though the John Grisham book “The Firm” being taken up by established law firms that had been also fascinated him. While getting his master’s degree in representing accident victims for decades before I ever education at the then-University of Texas-Pan American, graduated.” Gonzalez fell in love with a course on educational law. But once Gonzalez moved his office to a more visible “At the time, I felt like there were a lot of things that location, learned how to market his firm more effectively, needed to be fixed in our educational system,” he said. and started using the number 1-800-CAR-CRASH, more “I thought if the only way to make meaningful change clients took notice. that will not just impact your students but impact an Gonzalez fulfilled his dream of becoming a lawyer — entire school district is if you are actually a part of the even though he had to ignore the well-meaning advice of people that are doing legislation or passing certain laws those around him. or fighting for certain laws.” “I was told by many people, ‘don’t do it, it’s too He decided to become an educational lawyer, competitive, you’re not going to survive, you’re not going graduating from St. Mary’s University School of Law in to be able to support your family, you’re already an 2000. But while preparing to move to Temple University established teacher, you’re good at what you do, stay in in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to begin an LLM degree in the teaching profession,’” Gonzalez said. “This came from educational law, Gonzalez’s future changed. my mom and my dad and my own family.

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“Then the people that tried to talk me out of it the most were lawyers themselves who said, ‘don’t do it, it’s not a good profession, it’s not worth it,’” he continued. “I can’t even remember one person that said, ‘go for it, congratulations.’” Fellow lawyers also tried to talk Gonzalez out of what he was best at — personal injury law. “Be careful when you have a dream because when you talk to people about your dream, you’re going to find that a lot of people want to destroy it,” he said. “So I tell people, don’t let anyone talk you out of your dreams if that’s what you want to do, and that’s your passion. Stay the course.” Staying the course has enabled Gonzalez to help countless clients put their lives back together. He says one of his favorite parts about being a lawyer is enabling clients to be “whole again” after an accident. "When I’m in a position to essentially give them the help they need medically so that they recover 100 percent from their injuries and I’m able to give them compensation for the pain and suffering that they’ve suffered, to me, that’s pretty special because you want

Lawyers named Gonzalez the Lawyer of the Year for his practice and region four times since 2013, including this year. Gonzalez is also a lifetime charter member of the Best Attorneys of America organization — a group that less than 1 percent of lawyers in the country belong to. The firm also earned recognition from Three Best Rated for “Top 3 Personal Injury Lawyers” in McAllen. Most recently, Gonzalez received membership in the Million Dollar Advocates Forum. Only lawyers who win million and multi-million dollar settlements are accepted — fewer than 5,000 U.S. lawyers belong in the group. “We’ve gotten awards and recognitions for delivering outstanding customer service,” Gonzalez said. “Those are the things that I’m very proud of not because I won the awards, because there are people in organizations that are seeing the good work that we’re doing. That’s being reflected by the results that we get and the feedback that we’re getting from our clients.” Client feedback is essential to the success of J. Gonzalez Law Firm. With the experience of representing thousands of cases, Gonzalez learns lessons from each client interaction. He applies those lessons to improving



client experience at the firm, going above and beyond to ensure clients are taken care of. “All of our clients have my personal cell number the instant they hire me,” Gonzalez said. “I let them know that I’m available 24/7. They have access to me directly.” The direct line of communication ensures that clients don’t feel like they’re getting the runaround — and it’s just one commitment Gonzalez has made to provide the excellent service his firm is known for. “It’s not enough that we are the highest-rated firm today,” he said. “If we can be a better firm next month, next week, and continue to improve, then the way that I see it is we’re just distancing ourselves more and more from our competition. I don’t want to just be a little better than my competition, I want to be a lot better. At some point, I want to get even better than that.” Learn more about the J. Gonzalez Law Firm by visiting or calling (956) 630-6700.


to put your client back in the position they were in before these accidents occur,” Gonzalez said. However, the nature of the profession means that there are some wrongs Gonzalez can’t put right. “You can never bring a loved one back by any amount of money you win for a client,” he said. “But the only resource that we have as lawyers is our courtroom, our laws. Being able to champion their cause and being that person they trust is a critical thing that drives me every day.” It goes back to Gonzalez’s early desire to help those he saw in need. “That hasn’t changed — that person that I was back then is the same person wanting to be that champion, wanting to be that person that people go to to try to make them whole again,” he said. That passion sets Gonzalez apart from his competition, garnering awards and recognition from national organizations. Peer-reviewed organization Best

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That passion sets Gonzalez apart from his competition, garnering awards and recognition from national organizations. Peer-reviewed organization Best Lawyers named Gonzalez the Lawyer of the Year for his practice and region four times since 2013, including this year.


Gateway to the Valley Explore RGV to Highlight Area Attractions, Boost Tourism



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b y Amy Ca s eb i e r | p h ot o b y A l b e r t V i l l a r r e a l Ron Garza wants everyone to know that there are plenty of things to do in the Rio Grande Valley — about 800 unique regional attractions, to be exact. “We really want to dispel that myth that you hear all the time about there’s nothing to do in the Valley, because there really is a lot to do, and a lot of it is outdoors,” said Garza, the executive director of the Lower Rio Grande Valley Development Council. “We have a lot of natural, beautiful assets here and I think this is going to be a way to expose that.” After receiving a federal grant, the LRGVDC began work on Explore RGV, a project aimed at promoting regional tourism. Explore RGV will include an interactive, map-based website and mobile app spotlighting points of interest across the Valley. The website and app, designed by RGVision Media, are set to go live during September, Garza said — in plenty of time for Winter Texans. A printed guide produced by RGV Partnership will complement Explore RGV. Garza first had the idea for a tool like Explore RGV during quarterly meetings with the nine Valley cities with populations above 25,000. “The same consistent theme kept coming up about the

perception of the Valley,” he said. “The city leaders invest a lot of money into helping portray a more accurate perception. Tourism dollars are important to economic vitality.” Normally, cities each work to promote attractions within their own limits. But during the LRGVDC meetings, leaders brainstormed ways to work together to promote the entire Rio Grande Valley. “We know that from a visitor’s standpoint, you don’t come and do one thing in the Valley,” Garza said. “We’re a metropolis and most visitors externally never really know what city they’re in.” While there are anchor attractions throughout the region — such as Brownsville’s Gladys Porter Zoo or McAllen’s La Plaza Mall — Garza tasked Blanca Davila, an economic development specialist with LRGVDC, and a team to identify additional points of interest to include in Explore RGV. Over several months, they compiled a list of about 800 natural assets — “little hidden jewels,” Davila said. “When they were working on it, they would kind of come back with some energy around, ‘I had no idea this was here, I had no idea,’” Garza said. “There’s a lot of



We really want to dispel that myth that you hear all the time about there’s nothing to do in the Valley, because there really is a lot to do, and a lot of it is outdoors.” Ro n Gar z a , exe cuti v e d i r e cto r o f LR GV D C photo by Jose Sanchez

things that have kind of moved to my list of things I want to see.” He added that he has spent most of his life in the area and still hasn’t heard of some of the assets identified by Davila and the team, who pored over maps and consulted with chambers of commerce from around the Valley. “We focused on the things that have been here for years and will hopefully be here for a long, long time,” Garza said, steering clear of restaurants and hotels that might not have as much lasting power as museums and parks. Lesser-known assets from smaller communities will get just as much attention as better-publicized sites. With input from Valley leaders, LRGVDC picked the most visited 30 attractions in the region. Those entries into Explore RGV’s database will include a flyover video of the site. “We wanted to provide some kind of tool that people could do from their couch a thousand miles away and hopefully plan a trip around it,” Garza said. “You’ll be able to transport yourself to the Valley in a heartbeat. I know when I see some of the videos, you’re just blown away.” Explore RGV is for more than potential tourists and visitors to the Valley. “We wanted to create a tool that people who have lived here all their lives can still use,” Garza said. And once Explore RGV goes live, Garza calls it a “foundation” for all users discovering the region’s unique gems. “Once this tool is ready for use, then it’s kind of the gateway that might lead you to a certain city, that might lead you to a certain type of traveler,” Garza said. “You could navigate a whole trip as a shopper, you could navigate a whole trip as an outdoor enthusiast, as kind of a museum or a historical buff, a birder. It’s going to drive



you the way you want to be driven.” This natural progression has led to further development within Explore RGV. “What’s really cool is you’ll be able to tailor this,” Garza said. “You’ll see a map of the Valley, but then you’ll get to populate what you want to go see.” In the future, the website and app will feature sample itineraries based on the user’s interests as well as the amount of time that will be spent in the region. Explore RGV is being developed at a moment when tourism for the region is poised to take off — in the form of SpaceX’s Boca Chica facility. “This is a great time,” Garza said. “I know once rockets start launching, people are going to start googling ‘Rio Grande Valley’ a lot more and this will be a prime tool for attracting people down here.”

SEP/OCT 2018

photo by Jose Sanchez



SEP/OCT 2018




FUNDRAISING FOR CANCER Lack’s Furniture Supports Cancer Patients in the RGV through the Cattle Baron’s Ball



meaning a guaranteed free hotel stay for families. One of the more exclusive and fun programs offered in the Valley is called “Look Good, Feel Better,” which takes place once a month at the ACS’ local office in McAllen. The program is designed for women undergoing radiation and chemotherapy by providing a safe space for fellowship and makeup tutorials. “Once some women start undergoing radiation and chemotherapy treatments, their skin changes or they have hair loss and it affects their self-esteem, but this helps them get together with others who might be going through the same thing,” Chapa said. Volunteer cosmetologists come in once a month and provide free makeup tutorials and help women learn how to care for the radical skin changes that happen because of their cancer treatments. Women get a chance to take home free makeup kits and cherish time bonding with other women undergoing similar experiences. It serves as an encouraging safe haven and aids in boosting their self-esteem and confidence. Without funds from the Cattle Baron’s Ball and generous supporters from the community, some of these programs wouldn’t exist. One of the biggest contributors to the Cattle Baron’s Ball for the past five years has been Lacks Furniture. This year, Lacks will be the presenting sponsor at the gala, donating $20,000. Every year, Lacks supports the community by raising money not only for the Cattle Baron’s Ball but by organizing other fundraisers for the American Cancer Society like the Zumbathon and “Shop


The 22nd annual Cattle Baron’s Ball, a fundraiser for the American Cancer Society, will be taking place from 7 to midnight Saturday, Sept. 22 at the Pharr Events Center. The American Cancer Society of the Rio Grande Valley alongside many generous sponsors hosts an annual country-themed gala aimed to save lives, find cures, and fight back against cancer. People are lining up for tickets for one incredible evening of great food, an open bar, live country music, dancing, and a spectacular auction. This year, guests of the gala are anticipating an incredible lineup of country artists, including The Powell Brothers, Lauren Corzine, and headliner Sawyer Brown. “Aside from the fact that it’s one of the most fun events in South Texas, it’s a big party, all of the proceeds raised benefit local patient programs,” said Clara Chapa, community development manager for the South Texas Region of The American Cancer Society. All of the proceeds raised at the Cattle Baron’s Ball assist local residents with programs that help families with provisions like free wigs for anyone diagnosed with cancer and is undergoing chemotherapy. Another one of the programs includes the help of trusted volunteers who provide transportation assistance for any cancer-related appointments for patients who don’t have vehicles and would otherwise not make it to their appointments. In addition, the American Cancer Society, with the help of donors, is able to provide lodging assistance for patients who have to travel outside of the Valley for treatments,

SEP/OCT 2018

b y So fi a A l e m a n | p h ot os b y J a m e s H or d



SEP/OCT 2018


“This is our 83rd anniversary this year,” said Kris Karr, advertising director for Lacks “They’ve been so great to us. Every dollar that Furniture. “Thanks to the support of the Lack’s raises remains local in our community South Texas community, we are who we are. so that is a big impact that they’re making here We’ve grown because of the community and this is just our way of giving back and in the Valley for people undergoing cancer and saying thank you. We like to support the cancer treatment who are in need of help.” American Cancer Society because they give back to the community, as well. C la ra C ha pa , c o mm uni ty d e v e l op m e nt m ana ge r f or “The fact that the Cattle Baron’s Ball t h e S o u t h Texa s Re gi on of The A m e r i can Cance r So ciety brings the community together for one purpose — to raise funds for cancer, to celebrate life, and support those who are battling — for a Cause” events every October. Lacks also raises shows so much support,” Karr added. “Everybody shows funds through a one-of-a kind golf and fishing tournament up for support and I just think that, in itself, is what it’s every spring. all about.” “We truly appreciate their continuous support,” Chapa Anyone in the community can participate in this said of Lacks. “They've been so great to us. Every dollar priceless night that gives back to cancer patients of the that Lack’s raises remains local in our community so that Valley. is a big impact that they’re making here in the Valley for Tickets will be available at the local American Cancer people undergoing cancer and cancer treatment who are Society office in McAllen. For more information, call in need of help.” Chapa at (956) 682-8329 or send an email to clara. Lacks, a locally owned and operated company, first Tickets are $150 per person or $250 started donating to the American Cancer Society because for two people. Visit the website at and of one of the Lacks managers was diagnosed with breast follow the Cattle Baron’s Ball on Facebook at Cattle cancer. After co-workers witnessed her battle, there was Baron’s Ball of the RGV. a greater awareness of cancer at the company. After Make sure to be a part of this one spectacular participating in Relay for Life, a walk-a-thon dedicated night a year. Locals unite to relish in the fun, food, and to cancer patients, leaders at Lacks were amazed at all entertainment that help people and families of those that the American Cancer Society did for cancer patients undergoing cancer know they are cherished. around the Valley. It was then the partnership and bond between Lacks and the ACS began to flourish.



Doing Business




SEP/OCT 2018

b y C or i S m e l ke r

Change is the only constant in this world and with change comes opportunities. No one is better qualified to spearhead change in the Rio Grande Valley in terms of border trade than Sergio Contreras, the president and CEO of the Rio Grande Valley Partnership, a regional chamber of commerce in the Rio Grande Valley. Contreras is also the vice chairman of The Border Trade Alliance (BTA), an organization that for over 30 years has provided a forum for providing solutions on issues pertaining to the U.S.-Canada and U.S.-Mexico border regions. Representatives from all three countries, and from both the public and private sector, are involved in this alliance. Trade among these three countries is necessary to the economic viability of each region, but for the residents of the Valley, it is essentially the region’s lifeblood. No trade equals no jobs. According to Contreras, the BTA is committed to working with the current administration and Congress to ensure the ports of entry are best equipped to speed the

passage of legitimate trade and travel while preventing the entrance of contraband or individuals who would seek to do harm. Although illegal immigration is not the focus of the BTA, they do work closely with the Department of Homeland Security and other governmental organizations to prevent it. Just how important is our trade with Mexico? Five million U.S. jobs can be attributed to trade with Mexico, and many of those jobs are performed right here in the Valley. Contreras explains that just moving goods across the continent was responsible for nearly 50,000 jobs in the trucking industry alone in 2016. Border trade is the backbone of this region. Without it we would not see component parts moving back and forth before they become part of a finished product (such as cars, machinery, etc.). Going to the grocery store and choosing fresh fruits and vegetables that are technically out of season is a direct result of the good work of the BTA. The ability for workers, shoppers, and tourists to



cross the border and to enjoy attractions on either side, or to visit family and friends, is made easy because of the BTA. By any of these measures, well-functioning ports of entry are essential to our nation’s economic health. But like anything that is valuable, it needs protection and to be secured. Without the proper resources — personnel, technology, and infrastructure — smugglers or others with ulterior motives could exploit our ports. This has become a hot button issue for people on both sides of the political aisle, but the stance of the BTA is that there is a need for additional resources for Customs and Border Protection (CBP) personnel. The reason is simple: More resources devoted to inspecting and clearing legitimate freight and travelers means more resources for ensuring that smuggling does not happen. If we want to keep our borders secure, and go even further in securing them for the future, staffing, specifically for the CBP employees, needs to increase. Currently, there are 1,200 positions open (not all in the Valley, but a fair number of them here). The process to fill these positions has been slow and it can take up to a year for a new hire to be brought on. Just how much of a difference can hiring more CBP officers make to the security of our borders and to our economic stability? Contreras has a surprising statistic: “The National Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events at the University of Southern California found in 2013 that the addition of just one CBP officer can inject $2 million into the U.S. economy and create 33 jobs. “Quite simply, trade means jobs,” he said.   What does this mean for the Valley in particular? If more officers are hired, delays can be lessened. Delays lead to increased costs for consumers, and poorer air quality in and around border communities due to idling trucks. One change has already been implemented, and that is unified cargo processing (UCP). Under UCP, U.S. and Mexican customs personnel work side by side on U.S. soil to conduct both outbound and inbound inspections. Each country’s officer can decide whether to send a shipment to secondary inspection. If a more invasive inspection is required, UCP ensures that a shipment is only unloaded once, if at all, rather than what exists under the current inspection model, where a truck would often be unloaded in its country of origin and its country of destination.



In the case of the international bridge in Rio Grande City, 100 percent of northbound cargo is eligible for UCP, essentially doubling the bridge’s importing infrastructure capacity. The port still maintains the ability to electronically scan 100 percent of cargo and share inspection images with Mexico. UCP is a perfect example of making our ports of entry more efficient through better regulations, while ensuring security and increasing capacity, which is a win-win for everybody. New technology increases non-intrusive cargo searches, and scans more efficiently than ever before. The Valley stands on the cusp of being a part of the port of the future. We have the ability to deliver real improvements in all areas of border security, and that in turn will expand job-creating commerce and trade. It’s a good time to live and work in the Valley as we look to the future of border security working hand in hand with technology, business, and government.

SEP/OCT 2018

The Valley stands on the cusp of being a part of the port of the future. We have the ability to deliver real improvements in all areas of border security, and that in turn will expand job-creating commerce and trade.





SEP/OCT 2018

by Lo ri Ho u s to n | p h o to s b y D o mi ni q ue Zm u d a



Mission has been investing in their human capital

share their expertise with Rio Grande Valley residents.

in new and innovative ways. The Mission Economic

The first expert was Jackie Neale, the digital media

Development Corporation created a new program at

director for the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York

the beginning of 2017 aimed at fostering creative and


business expertise among local residents. The




“Her experience and exposure to talent was more than modeled

we typically see down here,” Meade said. While she was

on an idea that is seen in big information technology

in Mission, she taught 20 talented photographers from

companies like Google or Facebook.

the region to perfect their skills.

“They usually have positions called Entrepreneur-In-


Residence, which is normally an entrepreneur that has a







technology to engage the community. Originally from

really tech-savvy idea that is at the cusp of taking it to the next level,” said Alex Meade, the CEO of Mission EDC. J a ck i e N e a l e, digital media director for th e M etropolitan M u seu m of Art

being paid a salary. But they also have to share their skill-set with other people in the company who may be aspiring entrepreneurs, as well. In those cases, an ownership stake is involved, as the big tech company

A l b e r t o A l t a m i r a n o, co-

then becomes part owner in the new venture.

fou n der of Cityflag

in-residence that wasn’t only focused on entrepreneurs, but also able to foster talented artists in the community,”

M a r k Pe t e r s on , former director of G lobal Bu sin ess Developmen t for Procter & G amble

Meade said. For the last year-and-a-half, Mission EDC has been inviting different experts and paying them a stipend to come live in Mission for three or four months and




“We decided to take that idea and create an expert-

SEP/OCT 2018

They are typically taken in and nurtured by the big company and allowed to only focus on that idea — while


“His area of expertise was more marketing- and business-oriented, so what he did was help nurture some

“Nurturing talent is going to allow us to create this contagious type of attitude that attracts even more talent.”

of the entrepreneurs here in the area,” Meade said. According






entrepreneurs can really benefit from having this kind of opportunity. “We learned that if a small business has to hire an expert or a consultant to help them take the

Ale x Mea de, t h e C EO o f Mi s s i o n ED C

next step, they’re not likely to do it because they are lacking the resources,” he said. “So we decided to take on that burden and basically cover those costs to allow entrepreneurs in the region to have somebody to reach out to that can help them get to the next level.” Meade says he believes that the community will be the ultimate beneficiary of this program because if the business succeeds in getting to the next level, they will likely hire more people and invest more in the community. Through this program, that impact is also scaled to include more people because several local businesses were able to take advantage of the services. Peterson helped between 15 and 20 businesses. He not only gave specific advice, but also visited the businesses and followed up to see how things were going during his time as Expert-In-Residence. “Mark Peterson has gone above and beyond the advice and the help and support that he could give to the small businesses that we have had here,” Meade said. Even though Peterson’s initial commitment is over, he has pledged to continue to communicate with the businesses he has mentored and intends to return once a month to consult with any of the original entrepreneurs



SEP/OCT 2018

who still want to talk to him. So far, most of the experts for the program have been

Mission, Alberto Altamirano is the co-founder of Cityflag,

selected from recommendations from people in the

a civic-technology platform that helps citizens and local

Center for Education and Economic Development building

government work together to improve communities. He

and other members of the community. Meade is excited

was also recently named to Forbes Magazine’s 30 under

to be on the front end of this new way of encouraging

30 list. The executive team of Cityflag offered workshops

creative, technological, and business growth within the

in social entrepreneurship during their time as Experts-



“Nurturing talent is going to allow us to create this

Mark Peterson, the former director of Global Business

contagious type of attitude that attracts even more

Development for Procter & Gamble, was the third expert

talent,” he said.

in the program.


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FAMILY SEPARATIONS The Valley in the National Spotlight by Efrén Olivares

Caught in the middle of this storm, the Valley, as usual,

Earlier this summer, the Rio Grande Valley drew national

did not disappoint.

and international attention for an unprecedented reason. With the announcement of the federal government’s

This crisis gave rise to many needs. On the one hand,

“zero tolerance” policy on immigration, immigrants

there was the need for legal representation. The federal

traveling with their children started being separated by

public defenders were the first to have contact with these

immigration agents. Children as young as a few months

confused and distressed parents, representing them in

old were separated from their mothers. As the number

their criminal cases.

of separated children grew from dozens to hundreds and

The Texas Civil Rights Project, an organization with

then thousands, public concern around the issue spread

offices in Alamo, represented the families in a case at

from the Rio Grande Valley to the rest of the state, the

the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, based

country, and the world.

in Washington, D.C. (Full disclosure: The author is an attorney at TCRP.)



SEP/OCT 2018

Many of the people crossing the border were asylumseekers, people fleeing violence and threats in their

On the immigration representation front, the ProBono

countries to protect their children. Others were so-called

Asylum Representation Project, or ProBAR, took the lead

“economic migrants” — people looking for a better

assisting and orienting these families. Texas RioGrande

opportunity for themselves and their families. Regardless

Legal Aid, with offices in Edinburg, Mercedes, and

of the reason for crossing, U.S. immigration agents

Brownsville, also provides extensive support to some of

separated children from their parents and prosecuted

these families, particularly those incarcerated in family

the parents criminally for “illegal entry,” a misdemeanor.

detention facilities in South Texas. Even local private

According to the government’s numbers, nearly 3,000

immigration attorneys stepped up to the plate and took

children were taken from their parents and sent to

many of these cases pro bono: Jodi Goodwin, Carlos M.

shelters around the country. At the time of writing this

Garcia, and Thelma Garcia, to name a few.

article, many had been reunited, but hundreds remained

And on the social services front, Catholic Charities,

separated, including over 400 parents who were deported

both at their Respite Center in McAllen and at the

to Central America while their children remained in the

Basilica Hotel in San Juan, stepped up to provide much

United States.

needed support to the separated families: food, shelter,



“We know and care immensely about this community, and we will continue to be here after the national media attention goes away. It is critical that our voices are heard.” D a ni Ma r r er o H i , fou n der an d director of N eta

clothing, and assistance reaching their families all over

moms told us that the first time they spoke on the phone

the country.

to their children, the children would ask “Mommy, why did

On the media front, our local print and digital outlets

you leave me? Why won’t you come and get me? When

have been covering the issue thoroughly and responsibly.

will you come and get me?” Young children simply do not

NetaRGV, a digital platform founded and run entirely here

understand the politics or policies around immigration,

in the Valley, has provided extensive coverage, including

and they suffer the tragic consequences.

publishing an audio file of some of the detained children.

With litigation around this crisis still pending, it will

“It is important for those of us who are from and live

take some time for all the dust to finally settle, and for

here in the Valley to raise our voices,” said Dani Marrero

all of us to understand why and how this happened: Who

Hi, founder and director of Neta. “We know and care

was in charge of taking the children? Why were some

immensely about this community, and we will continue

families lied to? Why were hundreds of parents deported

to be here after the national media attention goes away.

without their children? In a democratic society such as

It is critical that our voices are heard.”

ours, all of this information should and will be known, even if it takes time. In the meantime, those of us who live here in the Valley

and it will likely take many weeks before they are all

can continue to support the local organizations that were

reunited — especially the ones who have already been

exemplary in their response to this crisis, either with in-

deported. For those who have been reunited, the road

kind or monetary donations. In addition, we can all feel

ahead is long. They have suffered a highly traumatic

proud to be part of a community that will respond and

experience and will need psychological, emotional, and

mobilize to address a national crisis in the best possible

SEP/OCT 2018

counseling support in the communities where they

way, always looking out for one another. And when the

settle. Both mothers and children have told us stories

eyes of the world are upon us, we know that the Valley

of going weeks without knowing where the other one

will not simply talk the talk, but rather walk the walk, get

was. This was highly traumatic for children, especially

the job done, and leave politics aside.

the young ones, who did not understand why their mom or dad “left” them and did not come to get them. Many



issue is far from being resolved. Many remain separated,


While many families have already been reunited, the


LEADING BY EXAMPLE Vitalis Medical Transport Provides Valuable Services to RGV b y Lo r i Ho us t on | p h ot o b y J a s on G a r z a

and studying, and sure enough, a year later, Vitalis was

“You can do anything you set your mind to, so don’t


doubt yourself and always push yourself.” These are the words of wisdom Anna Vargas lives by daily that helped

Technically, she and her sister are now competitors,

to push her to start her own business, Vitalis, a medical

but they each target a different aspect of the industry.

transport company serving the Rio Grande Valley.

Vargas focuses on private clients while her sister deals with medical facilities that need transport. “So we don’t

Right after college, Vargas started working as a

really get in each other's way,” Vargas said, laughing.

owned. She was responsible for helping the company

Vargas started Vitalis Medical Transport with one

reach as many potential clients as possible. The manager

ambulance, two medics, and herself. She has since

at the time took Vargas under her wing and taught her all

grown the business to 10 vehicles and 25 employees.

about the business.

Her company is fulfilling a definite need here in the Rio

“While I was there, I pretty much learned the ropes,”

Grande Valley. Her non-emergency ambulance transport

Vargas said. “I started paying attention to all of the facets

service supports patients in a wide variety of situations. “People don’t often think about the elderly and

point my husband said ‘Hey, why don’t you open up your

pediatric patients that require transport on a stretcher

own business?’”

because they cannot tolerate a wheelchair, or cannot get

At first she was surprised at the idea, and a little

in or out of bed on their own because of their condition,”


involved in the company and the operation of it. At that

reluctant. Vargas says she felt like she was too new at it

Vargas said. They require the assistance of two medically


SEP/OCT 2018

marketer for a medical transport business that her sister

all. Ultimately, it was her husband’s support as well as her

trained personnel to come in and transfer them onto the

own experience that empowered her to actually give it a

stretcher and transport them to a treatment session,

try. “He [her husband] just kind of said, ‘here’s the money,

doctor appointment, or non-emergency hospital visit. The

figure it out,’” Vargas said. “So I started doing research

staff at Vitalis is trained to respond to any emergencies if



Vargas started Vitalis Medical Transport with one ambulance, two medics, and herself. She has since grown the business to 10 vehicles and 25 employees.

She now wants to encourage other women to feel

one occurs during a transport.

difference,” she said. Vargas is a firm believer in setting goals, and going out there and accomplishing them.

can call and they don’t have to struggle alone when their

After realizing she could create a successful business,

loved-one needs transport,” Vargas said. Most of their

Vargas set a new goal and is in the process of getting

clients need to be picked up as well as dropped off at

another venture off the ground. Soon, her entrepreneurial

their destination.

spirit will be the driving force behind two successful local






Vargas feels driven to help her community, and through

“I’m no different than any other Latina, born and raised

her entrepreneurship, she has created a company that

here,” Vargas said.

is making a difference in the quality of her customer’s


lives. Medical transport has traditionally been a male-



caregivers, might not know that there is someone they


SEP/OCT 2018

empowered. “You can make a change, you can make a

Vitalis is there to support the community, especially

dominated industry, yet she is one of the few women who have opened this type of business in the area.


RGVision Media offers many advertising and marketing services to assist your business through all stages of the brand building process.

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SEP/OCT 2018

Anorexia, Bulimia, and Binge Eating Disorders

There are different types of eating disorders each with their own diagnostic criteria. The most common eating disorders include anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorders. They are characterized by disturbed eating behaviors, change in eating patterns, and a significant impairment of health. With the start of the academic year, parents and educators are encouraged to recognize the signs and symptoms of eating disorders, as it can help students get the treatment they need.

by medical conditions produced by starvation. Some symptoms include extreme thinness, strong fear of gaining weight, and a distorted body image. Individuals with anorexia nervosa typically weigh 15 percent less than the indicated body mass index (BMI) they should have in accordance with their sex, age, and height. Over time, anorexia can lead to brittle hair and nails, thinning of bones, low blood pressure, infertility, and damage to organs such as the brain and heart. Statistics show that anorexia is the third most common chronic illness in the younger population, following asthma (the most common) and type 1 diabetes.

ANOREXIA NERVOSA Anorexia nervosa is a psychological eating disorder. Individuals with anorexia nervosa may believe that they are overweight when in reality they are alarmingly thin. These individuals may avoid, restrict — or eat very little food — and exercise excessively. This disorder may lead to losing a large amount of weight and death

BULIMIA Bulimia may present itself as episodes of eating large amounts of food and feeling a lack of control of these episodes. These episodes tend to be followed



TREATMENTS Treatments for anorexia nervosa and bulimia include a comprehensive and holistic approach that covers individual and family/group therapy, medical services, and in some cases psychiatric medication such as antidepressants. Monitoring exercise and nutritional counseling are also imperative components of the treatment plan. The National Institute of Mental Health emphasizes that treatment and intervention are imperative to start as early as possible, given that individuals diagnosed with eating disorders are at higher risk of suicide and/or developing other mental health problems. If you or a loved one is struggling with an eating disorder and/or is on the road to recovery, contact a support group or hotlines provided below.

by vomiting, use of laxatives, fasting, and excessive exercise. In comparison to anorexia, individuals with bulimia can maintain normal weight or be overweight. Symptoms of bulimia include chronically inflamed and sore throat, severe dehydration from vomiting, swollen salivary glands, worn out tooth enamel and decaying teeth (from exposure to stomach acid), and acid reflux disorder. As people with bulimia can have a normal range body weight for their height and age, Families Empowered and Supporting Treatment of Eating Disorders (F.E.A.S.T.) believe bulimia nervosa in the student population is often under-reported and under-diagnosed. BINGE-EATING Binge eating disorder was recently recognized as a clinical condition by the DSM5. It is characterized by individuals losing control over their eating. This disorder, unlike bulimia, does not include purging. Therefore, these individualbs are often overweight or obese. Some symptoms include eating large amounts of food, eating fast during binge episodes, eating even when full or not hungry, eating alone to avoid embarrassment, and feeling distressed or guilty about eating.

WARNING SIGNS While the following list is not all inclusive, here are some warning signs that may indicate to educators, parents, and friends if a student has an eating disorder: Avoidance in eating food during social situations

Calluses on knuckles that can occur from sticking their fingers down their throat

Weight gain, weight loss, or variation in weight Using the restroom immediately after eating An excessive diet plan and/or excessive exercise Disapproving comments about their weight and appearance

Abigail Nunez-Saenz, Andy Torres, Jose Garcia, Paola Salazar,

SEP/OCT 2018

CAUSES Eating disorders are caused by a wide variety of different factors. One common trend seen from people who suffer from anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder is body issues and poor self-esteem. Many times, body issues are prominent because of the media’s influence on what is considered ideal. The media often portrays and celebrates people who are thin, and frequently frowns upon the rest. One study conducted on 238 undergraduate female students demonstrated that media had a direct effect on eating disorder symptoms. Consequently, the media influences the way teenagers and young adults interact with each other, facilitating the introduction of poor self-esteem and body issues.

and Stephanie Arellano)


If you or a loved one is struggling with an eating disorder, contact any of the following hotlines. If immediate danger is present, call 9-1-1. National Eating Disorders Association Helpline: 1-800-9312237 Crisis Textline: Text CONNECT to 741741 — in service 24 hours a day, 365 days a year References Available Upon Request (Co-Authors include Dr. Mercado’s Mental Health Lab at UTRGV:


ALFONSO MERCADO, PH.D., LICENSED PSYCHOLOGIST Valley Psychological Services - Assistant Professor Department of Psychology at the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley |



THE STATISTICS Thirty million people across the United States suffer from an eating disorder. Eating disorders do not discriminate between gender, age, race/ethnic groups, and economic classes. Eating disorders are extremely dangerous. According to epidemiologic research, eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness, and at least one person dies every 62 minutes as a result of an eating disorder. Additionally, up to 50 percent of individuals with eating disorders engage in substance abuse. This rate is five times higher than the general population.

• • • • •



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Dr. Michael Lago

Valley Care Clinics Pediatric Orthopedic Surgeon Specializing in Scoliosis

b y RGV i s i on | p h ot o b y J oh n n y Q u i r oz

Dr. Michael Lago is a Valley Care Clinics pediatric

slowing down, so there are a lot of opportunities and

orthopedic specialist specializing in scoliosis,

lots of patients who need help.

hip problems and lower extremity deformities. He

R: What drove you to be a pediatric orthopedic

practices in McAllen, as well as the surrounding


cities in the Rio Grande Valley. Dr. Lago is an accomplished surgeon with a passion for helping

DR. ML: I have a son with special needs. R: Is there a moment that stands out to you as a

children. Our staff had the privilege of meeting with

physician? Something that changed the way you

Dr. Lago to learn more about what it means to be a

react to patients or with children?

pediatric orthopedic surgeon and the difference he is

DR. ML: When I found out my son had special

making in the lives of Valley residents.

needs and the way he was treated. That left a

RGVision: Tell us a little about yourself. Dr. Michael Lago: I was born and raised in Miami. I’m

huge impression on me and I wanted to be there

a first-generation American, my parents are Cuban.

delivered and I wanted to be available and I wanted

for families whenever a hard diagnosis had to be

R: When it comes to your specialty of pediatric

school here in Texas at the University of Texas at

orthopedics, what’s your passion?

DR. ML: Within the field of pediatric orthopedics my

training at the University of Florida at Tampa —

passion is scoliosis. A close second is hip problems

and then my specialized training in pediatric spine

or lower extremity deformities but my true passion

and orthopedics was done at University of Utah at

is scoliosis.

Shriners. Now I’m here in the Valley.

R: What’s unique about working here in the Valley?

R: Can you describe scoliosis in layman’s terms? DR. ML: Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity

Why did you come here?

in the spine that occurs at any age of childhood

DR. ML: One thing that makes the Valley unique is

and sometimes even in some adults. But for kids, it

that it’s extremely underserved. It’s one of the only

happens most of the time when they’re growing. The

areas in the country where the birth rate is still going

most common form is the adolescent kind, which is

up as opposed to the rest of the country, where it’s

discovered between ages 10 and 14.



Houston. I did my residency — basic orthopedic

SEP/OCT 2018

to comfort them in their times of need.

I got my undergrad at Florida State, I did medical


As far as education, I’ve trained at multiple places.




SEP/OCT 2018

Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity in the spine that occurs at any age of childhood and sometimes even in some adults.

R: Who does it happen to?

for that. But if the bracing fails and the patient has a

DR. ML: Scoliosis is most commonly found in girls and

curve over a certain magnitude, then they are eligible for

most operated on in girls. I don’t know why it occurs


most often in girls but it does happen in boys, as well.

R: So is surgery the last option or is it a quality of life

R: What can parents notice in their child? When do they

thing? Can this deformity be life-threatening or life-

become cognizant that their child might have scoliosis?


DR. ML: Here in the Valley, it’s easy to catch early

DR. ML: So scoliosis itself can be life-limiting and life-

because the children are usually wearing light clothing.

altering. It can change the quality of life depending on

In the north lots of kids go into winter normal and come

the curve magnitude. If the curve gets big enough, it can

out with scoliosis and the parents won’t know because

impair pulmonary function and cardiac function. It can

children have been wearing sweaters all winter.

also cause pain, meaning limited quality of life in that


noticeable signs of scoliosis are when the child bends


over they can notice if one side of the ribs are higher than

R: It’s a pretty major surgery for a child. What’s the

the other or one shoulder is asymmetric or maybe even

recovery time?

their torso shifted a little bit to the side.

DR. ML: The surgery is a major surgery — we’re

R: Does it hurt? Will your child complain of pain? DR. ML: Sometimes they will complain of pain.

operating on a child’s spine. The recovery depends on the

Sometimes there’s no pain. Traditionally scoliosis itself

but traditionally, I’ve gotten kids back to school within a

is not associated with pain unless its curves are very

month. After the first month they’re going to school part

extreme. Most of the pain that kids have when they

time for a couple weeks, then they gradually build up at

have scoliosis are the same aches and pains that other

two months or go completely back to their full school

actual child. Some children recover faster than others,

children get as normal growing pains.

hours. If they play sports, usually at six months.

R: How is it diagnosed? DR. ML: First there’s a screening test: Adams Forward

R: Can scoliosis affect anybody? DR. ML: Scoliosis is found in many families across all

Bend Test. Basically, the patient bends over and you

socioeconomic statuses.

examine their back, you examine for symmetry of the spine itself to make sure that it’s in a straight line or

R: Is it genetic? DR. ML: Like anything else, scoliosis is associated with

not. You also look at the ribs and the torso. The way it’s

genetics but questions are still being investigated by

confirmed is with X-rays.


R: How is it treated? DR. ML: Scoliosis has several treatments. The most common treatment is bracing if the patient is a candidate



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MENTAL LOAD How Workload, Stress, and Anxiety Impact Productivity at Work by So fia A lema n



SEP/OCT 2018

Happy employees make happy customers. When employees believe their work is valued and they find respect and peace in the workplace, the quality of the service or product your company provides will greatly impact how many customers are happily spreading the word about your business. But what happens when the opposite is true and employees believe they are undervalued, their creative qualities are stifled, they do not have a clear understanding of their job roles, or they feel too hard-pressed to make deadlines? When employees don’t have an open line of communication with their employers and are experiencing stress, fatigue, anxiety, or are undergoing micromanagement while completing their assigned tasks, it will start to create a heavy mental load and ultimately affect productivity. “Mental load is the feeling of being overwhelmed trying to effectively and efficiently manage different roles — people start to feel very stressed, and maybe sometimes even anxious with the number of goals and responsibilities that they’re trying to manage,” said Karla Arredondo, an occupational therapist and owner of Feminae Women’s Health and Holistic Services, a women's health practice that embraces the mind-body connection of women during their prenatal and postnatal stages. More often, mental load affects people with jobs that require a lot of creativity, like teaching, marketing, advertising, writing, film, owning a restaurant, and many more careers with multiple potential outcomes based on individual ingenuity. It happens when meeting the bottom line isn’t coupled with creative opportunity, when deadlines become too burdensome and quantity outweighs quality in the





start to come in too early, stay too late, or work during their lunch break multiple times. They might also become combative or resentful of their co-workers, not receptive to new information, or show tense body language — especially at meetings with their supervisors. But thankfully there are solutions. Both Mitchell and Arredondo agree that education on the matter and consistent communication, which includes active listening, are among some of the leading solutions to fostering amity in the workplace. “Communication of course is the key — a supervisor or a business owner has to have an open door of communication with their employees so that their employees can say, without being condemned for it, ‘I can’t finish that’ or ‘that’s too much — I need an extra three hours or three days,’ whatever the case may be,” Mitchell said. “Management has to be receptive receiving that information so that they can decide whether it’s the right thing to do and of course to get the results that they’re looking for — that’s what management is about.” Another way to support quality of products or services and minimize stress in the workplace is allowing for employees to be creative, even if it includes working on projects outside of their assigned job roles. Management needs to listen and evaluate new ideas, and give employees time to collaborate, plan, and brainstorm. “When you allow somebody to be creative on something other than what they’ve been assigned, it helps them think outside the box on what they have been assigned,” Mitchell said. Mitchell also recommends social activities outside of the workplace that promote togetherness and team building. Minimizing stress- and anxiety-related health issues can even include granting employees a set number of paid time off without hassle, and supplying health insurance. Employees who enjoy their job use their sick days less often, take the time to do their best, have fresh and creative ideas, and bring in happy customers. For more information on small business health insurance with HealthMarkets, contact Frank Mitchell at fmitchell@ And for more information on women’s health occupational therapy, contact Karla Arredondo at (956) 224-9294 or visit


workplace, or when there’s not an equal opportunity for communication and collaboration. “We think that the most important part of our job is being productive,” Arredondo said. And while production is ultimately the goal, the quality of the product should matter. Many employers make the mistake of getting caught up in production without taking into account that each varied task requires strategic planning or creative brainstorming that should be included into the workload and counted as valuable. Employees frantically scramble around to “produce, produce, produce,” and creative opportunity is squelched. The more common saying is giving reverence to what is happening “behind the scenes,” even to the employee outside of work. And making sure employers understand how workload or work assignments are affecting the employee. “When we just look at the workload and not take into account mental and emotional well-being it can lead to burnout, and can lead to more serious conditions related to someone's mental and emotional well-being — looking just at a visible list of things someone needs to do while ignoring their well-being is a very incomplete approach,” Arredondo said. Frank Mitchell, an independent contractor for HealthMarkets Health Insurance, which services the Valley, explains all companies are in the business of making money. Ultimately, there has to be a profit to make the business successful and every employee is hired to add value to the company in some way. And while employers are advised to evaluate their employees, provide constructive feedback, and redirect or reprimand when necessary, they should still take time to listen to the concerns of their employees and help them where applicable. “Management’s sole purpose other than making sure they get the most out of every employee is figuring out a way to help their employees meet their goals and be a part of the process — the happier you can get those people, the better the results will be,” Mitchell said. “Checking up on your employees and reviewing their progress is important, but sitting down and grilling somebody about how far along they are with something or if they’ve met their goals is a lazy way to do it.” Employers will notice signs of their employees being overworked, stressed, or fatigued in the workplace if they

SEP/OCT 2018

Employees who enjoy their job use their sick days less often, take the time to do their best, have fresh and creative ideas, and bring in happy customers.


Toxic Beauty The rise of awareness about the food we eat and its direct impact on our health continues to expand, and it is gaining momentum in our area. Diving deeper into health and wellness, and how our everyday choices affect these, we looked at beauty and personal care products. In the era of bloggers and social media influencers, our decisions are significantly manipulated by the messages we get daily in our social media feeds. That gorgeous video blogger whose complexion looks perfect has tested so many products, she knows what she’s talking about. Or the celebrities showing us their beauty routines, who we feel an intimate friendship with because we comment on their posts and they even reply sometimes, we listen to them. Of course we will buy what they recommend. But what exactly are we putting on our skin? Our skin is the largest organ in our body, the first line

of defense from the environment. It is a living system that breathes and absorbs what we place on it. Do we nourish it with natural, organic products in harmony with our biology, or are we adding dead, artificial ingredients and chemicals? What we put on our skin ends up in our system, just like the food we eat. It has an effect on our brain chemistry, our hormonal balance, and even in the likelihood of developing disease. Are we making safe and informed choices? Is it enough that a product is expensive? What if it says “natural” and “organic”? How can we tell if a product is “clean”? The Think Dirty® App is a wonderful resource to have on your phone if you want to immediately obtain feedback on the products you are contemplating buying. You scan a product’s barcode, hold for a few seconds, and, voilà! The app provides a rating number and color



SEP/OCT 2018

b y Ka r l a Ar r ed o ndo / p h ot o b y D om i n i q u e Z m u d a



While there are many factors to consider when deciding if a product is “clean” or “dirty,” the following list includes absolute toxic ingredients to avoid, rated 10-7 by Think Dirty®, and present in popular brands of beauty and personal care products. Fragrance/Parfum BHA / BHT, PEGs,  Petrochemicals Parabens Phthalates Formaldehyde-releasing agents Siloxanes


Sulfates Non-biodegradable ingredients Considering going deeper into living a healthier life by making more mindful choices when it comes to every day beauty and personal care products, even household and cleaning products, can quickly become overwhelming. The Think Dirty® App simplifies this process and is a true sidekick when it comes to helping you make more informed purchases, and even offers their best rated suggestions for similar products. Our skin—the largest organ in our body— is the first line of defense from the environment, but it also needs our care and support. Making gradual but consistent changes in the products you apply to your skin, or what you come in contact with, such as laundry detergent and household cleaning products, produces exponential positive changes to overall health and wellness in the long run.

TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 4 + Dr Cesar Lozano “No Te Enganches” WED-SUN SEPTEMBER 12-16 + Les Misérables SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 22-23 + Fiesta de Palmas SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 23 + Ballet Folklorico de Mexico de Amalia Hernandez FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 28 + Valley Symphony I: A Night In Paris SUNDAY SEPTEMBER 30 + Pareja De Tres FRIDAY OCTOBER 26 + Valley Symphony II: A Harry Potter Halloween SUNDAY OCTOBER 28 + Gipsy Kings ft. Andre Reyes SUNDAY NOVEMBER 3 + José Madero


graphic by Think Dirty®





TUESDAY NOVEMBER 13 + America Loves The Movies: McAllen Wind Ensemble

SEP/OCT 2018

(from Dirty to Clean; red to green), a list of ingredients and their individual toxicity number rating, and on an adjacent tab, Think Dirty® shares their recommendations for similar products. That’s it! It is amazingly simple to use, yet invaluable in helping you navigate your journey towards cleaner, safer beauty and personal care products for you and your family. In cases where you scan or search for an item, and it is not found on the app’s database, you have the option to enter it manually. You will then have submitted a new product that Think Dirty® will rate and add to their database for future reference. Additionally, you can personalize your experience, by adding items to different lists, such as My Bathroom Shelf, Dirty Products, Clean Products, Products I Liked, Kitchen Cleaners, Baby, and more. The purpose of Think Dirty® is to help consumers identify the potential risks associated with the personal care products they use every day. Think Dirty® considers it best to focus on the chemical content of the products they review, rather that “greenwashing,” or taking into account a manufacturer’s social or environmental responsibility to artificially lower a product’s toxicity rating. Think Dirty® states, “We assess the overall risk of a given product based on the potential health impacts of its published ingredients. Each ingredient listed on the product label or manufacturer’s website is evaluated for documented evidence of Carcinogenicity, Developmental & Reproductive Toxicity and/or Allergenicity & Immunotoxicity.” This is what their Rating Scale, or Dirty Meter, looks like:



SEP/OCT 2018





(WITH THE LEFTOVERS OF THE HALLOWEEN PUMPKIN) p h ot o b y O m a r Dí a z Remove the pumpkin pulp and seeds by placing them in bowls separately. Place the seeds in water for 10 to 15 minutes, drain and reserve.

DRY INGREDIENTS: 1 1/2 cup of oatmeal 1 / 2 cup of almond or walnut flour 3 sachets of stevia 2 tablespoons of cinnamon powder 1 tablespoon of baking powder 1 pinch of sea salt

WET INGREDIENTS: 1 cup of pumpkin pulp 1/2 cup of coconut or almond milk without sugar 1 beaten egg 1 tablespoon of organic low calorie agave honey 2 tablespoons of liquid coconut oil

PREPARATION 2. Mix the dry and wet ingredients separately and then add until a homogeneous mixture is obtained (add the coconut oil to the end and beat well)

3. Empty the mixture in a mold for cupcakes (with paper cups) 4. Add pumpkin seeds previously washed and dried on the top center of the muffin to see if it is well cooked)


6. Let cool for a few minutes before enjoying


5. Put the mold in the oven for 20 to 25 minutes (dip a toothpick in the

SEP/OCT 2018

1. Heat the oven to 350 degrees F


A N A KA R E N TO R R E S Bachelor of Science (BS): Nutrition More recipes can be found on Facebook: @anakarentorresonlinenutrition




SEP/OCT 2018




Below the

SURFACE The RGV Cleans up its Water Act

b y Rod S a n t a A n a

It’s hard to imagine now, but when Joe Sanchez first ran for mayor of Weslaco in the 1970s, he vowed to eliminate the many outhouses located throughout the city. He won, and eventually fulfilled his promise to hook up all residences to a central sewer system. Sanchez arguably started a massive project that continues to this day in the Rio Grande Valley: developing an infrastructure of water delivery and wastewater treatment that are both efficient and environmentally friendly. Without such systems, the economy and quality of life here would suffer, experts say.

Along the way, agriculture’s irrigation system was burdened with added duties it was not designed for: providing water to municipalities and industry. In times of drought, the antiquated water system was deemed wasteful and inadequate. Outhouses and crude open-pit sewer systems would no longer do.

The Valley’s original water delivery system was constructed by land companies in the early 1900s. It consisted of some 50 pumphouses along the Rio Grande that pushed water via canals from the river to agricultural fields. At its peak, the system was irrigating 1 million acres of land and was considered the largest privately owned irrigation project in the world. Successful farming brought in outside cash, which led to the development of banks and commerce that eventually created the explosive economy and population growth we’re seeing today.





While it’s not often mentioned or sexy enough to grab headlines, the impressive saga of the Valley’s booming economy, commerce, and population is also the impressive story of updating and upgrading its water delivery and wastewater treatment infrastructure. Untold millions have been spent on this massive project and many more will be spent as the Valley slowly but surely catches up to where its infrastructure should be. Jaime Flores, a younger relative of Joe Sanchez, who vividly remembers his plan to improve Weslaco, has also played a major role in the Valley’s infrastructure upgrade. He coordinates the efforts of state, federal, and local agencies, as well as stakeholders, to contribute funds, input, and strategies. Flores is the watershed coordinator of the Arroyo Colorado in South Texas for Texas A&M’s Texas Water Resources Institute. He’s been on the job 10 years and says the progress

SEP/OCT 2018






SEP/OCT 2018

w at e rs hed coordi nator of the A rroyo Col orado at Texas A& M’s Texas Water Resources Ins ti tute

he’s seen during that time has been remarkable. “Since I’ve been in this job,” Flores said, “about $150 million has been spent just on upgrading sewer treatment plants in the Valley.” He said the city of Alamo is the most recent, and one of the last, cities in the Valley to convert to what’s called a mechanical treatment system. “These modern systems replace systems that were the vestiges of the 1950s and ’60s when cities would dump their sewage in an open lagoonal system and treat it with chemicals,” he said. “Those systems were very large, smelly, unsanitary, inefficient and not environmentally friendly.” Flores said until now, the Valley’s antiquated infrastructure had always been about 30 years behind other large metropolitan areas of Texas. “But we’re catching up to areas like San Antonio, Houston, and Dallas,” he said. “And it all goes back to new rules and regulations by the state that improve the quality of water and effluent produced by water and waste treatment facilities.” The state can impose stiff fines on cities that fail to meet the new standards. “But in many cases, if there is a violation, the state can offer the city alternatives,” Flores said. “In lieu of paying a $5 million fine, for example, the city can invest that money in a modern sewer system in order to meet the new effluent limits.” Flores said many other Valley cities have upgraded their sewer treatment plants and it’s starting to show. For years, bacteria levels in the Arroyo Colorado had consistently been on the increase. “For the first time, bacteria counts have finally leveled off,” he said. “There is light at the end of the tunnel. We

can no longer afford to remain uneducated and stuck in our old ways.”

CLEANING UP THE ARROYO If the Rio Grande is our only source of potable water, or tap, the Arroyo Colorado, which runs 90 miles from near Mission to the Lower Laguna Madre, serves as the Valley’s “drain.” The estuary in the lower 25 miles of the arroyo is an important nursery for many fish, crab, and shrimp species. But after years of receiving pollutants as it drains water from the Valley to the Gulf of Mexico, both the arroyo and the bay are on the state’s list of impaired water bodies. Flores has led impressive efforts to reduce their bacteria levels.

FARMERS ARE NOW MORE WATER SAVVY The Rio Grande has come under tremendous pressures recently from drought, climate change, a rapid population growth, and a lack of inflows from Mexico. But farmers, the Valley’s largest water users, have become much more efficient in their use of the precious liquid. Collaborative efforts among agricultural agencies of the Texas A&M University system, irrigation districts, the TWRI, and others have led to the widespread use of better farming methods and technologies that help save water. “Irrigation districts have made great strides in lining many miles of canals, and building pipe systems to avoid seepage,” said Dr. Juan Enciso, an irrigation engineer at Texas A&M AgriLife Research in Weslaco. “These districts have also invested in automatic gates



to accommodate supply and demand while increasing the reliability of the delivery system,” he added. “Farmers now level their fields routinely to irrigate more efficiently and avoid deep percolation and water runoff. They’ve also gotten away from using earthen ditches in their fields and instead use flexible plastic pipes.” Enciso said these efforts have not only saved countless acre-feet of water over the years, growers have actually seen a surge in productivity. Other on-farm efforts include the use of soil water sensors, tighter irrigation schedules, and the use of small reservoirs to supply water for drip irrigation and pressurized irrigation systems. “Farmers know they need to protect the environment by reducing sediment and fertilizer loadings in agricultural runoff that could wind up in the Arroyo Colorado,” he said. Victor Gutierrez, a TWRI AgriLife Extension assistant, said his office has worked for years with growers on a soil campaign to reduce the use of fertilizers. “With free soil testing to determine nutrients already in the soil, growers can see for themselves that adding extra amounts of fertilizer other than what is recommended may be a waste of money that won’t considerably increase crop production. That helps reduce runoff contamination.”

more plentiful and cheaper 20 to 40 years ago and evaluating waste was not worth the effort. “The quickest way to waste water is to not measure what you’re using,” he said. “So, the first step toward a better water future in the Lower Rio Grande Valley is just data — measure everything: what’s coming out of the river, how much is agriculture using, how much are municipalities using, how much is going into homes, everything.” Tracy said unlike the past, it is now relatively cheap to gather and store massive amounts of data, and by measuring where water is being wasted, steps can be taken to stop it. And that reduction in water use will continue even in times of plenty. People, he said, have an amazing ability to adapt if they know where water is being wasted. “If we look back 30 years at what the projections were of water use per capita today, we can see that that didn’t materialize,” he said. “Why? Because people are now more aware, thanks to technology, of water use. People will not pay for something of zero value if they’re made aware of where their water is being wasted.”

TRACKING THE NUMBERS Dr. John Tracy, director of the Texas Water Resources Institute in College Station, said he’s often asked how “the water crisis,” or shortage, will eventually be resolved. “My standard answer is that there is no water crisis, per se,” he said. “There are just competing interests for water, and on top of that, a natural situation where climate causes variations in how much water is available.” That constant pressure, Tracy said, forces us to make decisions on how to manage the water we do have. Therefore, it’s important to have the proper tools in place to get through the current pressure, as well as those that will inevitably come in the future. “I can tell you by looking at hard data on water availability and use, which is released every five years by the U.S. Geological Service, as a country and a state such as Texas, we are using less water than we did 20 years ago in each water-use sector, including industrial, agricultural, municipal and others,” Tracy said. We are using less water even though crop production is higher, the economy is larger, and the population has increased compared to 20 years ago. How is that possible? Tracy said the answer lies in the fact that water was



Tracy said studies clearly show that the Valley’s economy and population growth in the future will become an even greater significant sector of the state’s overall economy. “So we need to get this water situation right,” he said. “Not only is the Valley population growing, the skill set is moving from day labor to blue and white collar jobs as well as in technology, all underpinned by agriculture. “So we need to manage our water quantity and quality issues correctly in order to support the huge economic growth that’s coming.”

SEP/OCT 2018



EL GRITO A Celebration of Mexican Independence Day on 16 de septiembre



SEP/OCT 2018

b y S of i a A l e m a n On the 16th of September, Mexicans all over the world celebrate Mexican Independence Day with a traditional grito, or declaration. It first started in 1521 when Hernán Cortés, the leader of a Spanish invasion, landed in Mexico. At this time, the Aztecs had built a great empire and the Spaniards aimed their attacks at them. Fast forward to 1808. After many years of Mexico struggling to find its identity, Spain was invaded by the French. Napoleon I forced King Ferdinand VII to renounce his throne in order to replace his role as emperor with Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte. Two secret societies were birthed in Mexico after this occasion in history: Spanish officials in Mexico who supported Ferdinand, and another group who advocated independence from Spain. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Roman Catholic priest, belonged to a pro-independence group in San Miguel near Dolores, Mexico, and is well known for his revolutionary acts and as one of the leading participants in Mexican independence. According to a Britannica article titled “Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla,” Hidalgo was holding

secret meetings where he discussed “His interest in the economic advancement of his parishioners — for example, through the introduction of newer methods of agriculture — and his political convictions regarding the oppression of the people by the Spanish authorities ...” Once found out, several members of his proindependence group were arrested. After being warned to flee the country, Hidalgo decided first to strengthen the people through a public declaration of encouragement. “On Sept. 16, 1810, Hidalgo rang the church bell in Dolores to call his parishioners to an announcement of revolution against the Spanish. His speech was not only an encouragement to revolt but a cry for racial equality and the redistribution of land. It became known as the Grito de Dolores ‘Cry of Dolores,’” according to the Britannica article titled “Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.” “A grito is like a declaration, ‘grito de independencia’ — they translate it as cry, but basically it’s a declaration,” said Amado Balderas, Mexican American studies teacher for Johnny G. Economedes High School in Edinburg. And although scholars have not been able to pinpoint the exact words Hidalgo used, according to Balderas they



have collaboratively agreed it is a mixture of these phrases. “Vive la Virgen de Guadalupe”- Long live the Virgin of Guadalupe The Mexicans at that time gravitated to the Virgin of Guadalupe because it’s associated with Mexico’s indigenous past and a deity called Tonantzin. Before that, the Spanish had a hard time converting Mexicans into Catholics. But after her appearance to a Nahua man in 1531 on Tepeyac Hill, north of Mexico City, there was a shrine dedicated to her and she was recognized by the Catholic church as a manifestation of the Virgin Mary. The Virgen de Guadalupe was viewed by many Mexican people then and currently to be a special protector of Native American peoples. “Muerte a los gachupines”- Death to the gachupines The gachupines were the Spanish who ruled Mexico. The word gachupin is a Nahuatl word that means “he who hits you in the head with a boot or a spur.” It’s where the current word gacho comes from meaning somebody who’s mean, but it more accurately represents someone who hits you. After invasion of Mexico, the Spanish were the only ones allowed on horses and as a result would hit the natives in the head as they rode, so the Spaniards were called gachupines. It is a word that is currently culturally identifiable but is a derogatory term.

“Bajo con el mal gobierno”- Down with the bad government This statement refers to the abuse and oppression that was taking place against the indigenous peoples of Mexico. This has led to the current custom of giving a grito on 16 de septiembre. In Mexico, although the historical context may not be explained in detail every single year, residents can expect a special grito performed by the current president. All over the Valley, people can be heard crying out the recognizable grito just like the original one Hidalgo did in 1810. Though the holiday isn’t nationally celebrated or marketed as much as cinco de mayo, people whose heritage is in Mexico are encouraged to learn the history of the country and embrace their culture. “I think the embracing of culture is very important because it makes you a whole person, the Mestizo and indigenous culture of our foundation cannot be erased — the tacos, the molcajete, the chile — when it’s by itself on its own, it’s very rich and delicious,” Balderas said. “Culture to some degree for me and embracing the culture I think just makes you a better person, it puts a solid in your ground, as a Mexican-American in the United States, when you embrace your ‘Mexicanness,’ you’re embracing 20,000 years of history,” he added.


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SEP/OCT 2018

Jo h nny G. Eco nom e d e s H i gh Scho o l i n E din bu rg

A lawyer, a tax accountant and a financial advisor walk into a bar. Seriously. That was the start of a well-coordinated plan that’s still paying off in


A ma do B a l d er a s , Mexi can A m e r i ca n s tudies teach er for



“I think the embracing of culture is very important because it makes you a whole person.”




T he Va l l e y ’s



SEP/OCT 2018

AN RGVISION FOODIE GUIDE RGVision wants to know where we can locate some of the Rio Grande Valley’s best and most frequented restaurants for all types of foods and treats. For this issue, we asked our readers to vote for their favorite taco spots for three different categories of tacos: street, breakfast and gourmet. We compiled that list of the top voted places and published it as a guide where you can find the most delicious and authentic tacos across the RGV! We encourage you to try as many of these taco joints as possible, and upload photos on Instagram and Facebook, and tag us at @rgvisionmagazine.

Str eet T a co s

B r e a kfa s t Ta c os

Gourme t Ta c os

Taquería Río Bravo, Mission

Manuel’s, Port Isabel

El Santuario Tacos & Cocktails, Olmito

Nana’s Taquería, Weslaco

Taquería El Papa Taco, Mission

Nuri, McAllen

Taquito Express, Brownsville

El Pato, 13 locations Valley-wide

Rio Grande Grill, Harlingen

Taquería El Último Taco, Brownsville

Kali’s Tortillería & Bakery, Mcallen

Bodega Tavern & Kitchen, McAllen

El Rodeo Taco Express, McAllen

Espi & T’s, McAllen

Green Ceviche, Edinburg




VISUAL Storytelling

Is Instagram the Social Media Platform for Your Blog?



SEP/OCT 2018

b y Angel a M. Ins a l a c o | p h o t os b y L i f e T h r ou g h Le n s a n d M a r i e l a Pe ñ a

Have you ever thought about starting a blog? In today’s society, “content” constantly surrounds us. You can go online, navigate a couple of clicks, and bam — you are online, communicating with the masses. For many people who decide to start a blog, Instagram is the go-to social media channel of choice as a visual platform that allows a writer to connect with an audience in a fresh and new way. For the novice blogger, there are some obvious attractions to using Instagram. After speaking to several local bloggers using this platform, a recurring theme was they started blogs on Instagram because they were looking for a creative outlet. There are several reasons that people like using Instagram over other social media platforms. No matter what your interests are, there is a high probability you will be able to find an audience. You can find a community of like-minded individuals for almost any topic imaginable. Whether you are interested in local restaurants in the Rio Grande Valley or

you are interested in 18th century Gothic poetry, chances are you can find a community that shares your passions and interests. Mariela Peña’s @agoodskinday about skincare was a natural progression after dealing with her own skincare challenges. “It started as a hobby, it was a way for me to talk about skincare, beauty and products … it’s basically just me talking about other products,” she said. This has led, in less than one year, to over 11,000 followers from all around the world. One of nice things about Instagram is that in addition to being industry centric, you can also be geographically centric. “Instagram kind of works to get me business and collaborations in my area,” said Seems Fuentes, a food-music-fashion blogger in the Rio Grande Valley. By focusing in on a specific location, Fuentes via @ thergvseems has been able to establish herself as the go-to-person for knowing what’s what in the Rio Grande Valley.






As with other social media platforms, the more successful you become, the more haters and “trolls” you will encounter. Eventually, you will run into someone who disagrees with what you are saying. According to both Peña and Fuentes, you can’t let the haters get to you. Stay positive with your message and don’t get down into the mud fighting with people. Having loyal followers is a very empowering feeling to the online blogger whose mission is to provide quality information. Loyal followers may also engage trolls on your behalf, allowing you to stay out of the fray. Something to note — your Instagram followers may expect you to be like your Instagram persona all the time. Instagram, like television, allows people to cultivate a public persona, and when your followers meet you in real life, there may occasionally be disappointment you are not exactly as you are on Instagram. It’s almost akin to finding out that your favorite actor is completely different in real life than the character they play on a show or a movie. If you are looking for a way to promote your blog through visual storytelling, then Instagram is the choice for you. Happy blogging!


HERE ARE SEVEN TIPS FOR STARTING A BLOG ON INSTAGRAM: 1. Be genuine: You want your audience to like, trust, and respect you. 2. Be relatable: You want to be viewed as a friend, not as a business trying to sell something. 3. Be knowledgeable: If you are going to start a blog, you need to have some knowledge of your industry. 4. Follow others who have similar interests: By following others in similar industries, you are fostering a sense of community. 5. Be positive: As with all social media platforms, you want to keep your posts positive. 6. Use hashtags: Hashtags are important to get others to share posts and for you to follow others. 7. Etiquette is important: Photos should always be credited to the original source. Instagram’s users tend to skew younger. It is the platform of choice for Generation Z and millennials who have grown up with technology and are comfortable navigating the visual medium that it uses. As people love using Instagram to the exclusion of other social media platforms, there are some negatives to using the platform.

SEP/OCT 2018



Arabesque Orbweaver





SEP/OCT 2018

b y Lo r i Ho us to n | p h ot o b y D om i n i q u e Z m u d a

Anybody who has been the first person down a path in the morning and managed to get a spider web in their face likely considers spiders a nuisance. There are also plenty of people who just think they’re creepy. But according to John Brush, Urban Ecologist at Quinta Mazatlan, “They're actually very helpful predators.” There are roughly 43,000 species of spiders known in the world, and Brush estimates that there's probably many more thousands that have not been documented yet. Texas A&M University’s Department of Entomology says that there are likely over a thousand species within Texas, and most of those can be found in South Texas. Venomous spiders like the black widow and the brown recluse are usually some of the first that come to mind when people think about spiders. Although their venom can be deadly to humans, Brush says encountering one

of those is pretty rare because they normally hide under things and are not aggressive. “Being bitten by a spider is actually very unusual, and normally requires you to be picking up the spider and really kind of harassing it,” he said. Spiders can sometimes be divided into two categories, based on their hunting styles: spiders who trap their prey in webs, and spiders who hunt for their prey.

SPIDERS WHO TRAP Silver Garden Spider The silver garden spider is seen a lot in the Rio Grande Valley, especially at Quinta Mazatlan, Brush says. They are a member of the orb weaver species and can get to be fairly large. Including their legs, they can be about the



photos courtesy of John Brush

Tropical Orb Weaver The tropical orb weaver has a very large abdomen, and it can have a variety of markings on the back. In most cases, it's some kind of whitish or greenish spots or streaks going down the abdomen. According to Brush, these spiders will build their web each night, and then during the day, they end up having their webs taken down and have to rebuild them again in the evening. Orchard Orb Weaver The orchard orb weaver is usually a mix of green, orange, and white and has a long, eggshaped abdomen. “A lot of the times, I see them upside down, meaning that they build a web and they hang out on the underside of the web,” Brush said. “But they're relatively small, and again, they're perfectly harmless to humans.”

SPIDERS WHO HUNT Texas Tan Tarantula The most common species of tarantula in the Rio Grande Valley is the Texas tan tarantula. They can often be seen after a rain, especially out in the ranch countries. They are mostly encountered at night, late evening or early in the morning. Sometimes, during the day, you can see them just outside their burrows, which are holes dug in the ground at an angle, just big enough for the spider to fit into. Some tarantulas can get to be the size of your palm.

Green Lynx Spider The Green lynx spider is a hunter, as well, because it doesn’t build a web. These spiders hunt in flowering plants, eating the insects that are attracted to the plant. The green lynx spider is totally green and has very hairy legs. They can get quite large. Crab Spider Crab spiders also hang out on flowers, but since they come in a lot of different colors, they really blend in with the plants. Their hunting style is more like “sit and wait” directly on a flower. Then they use their long front legs to reach out and grab their prey when it comes by. Wolf Spider The wolf spider is large and brown and is an active hunter as well. They are often found in urban areas in people’s yards and homes. “In some of the species of wolf spiders, the female will carry her baby spiderlings on her back for a while,” Brush said. “And so you can actually see hundreds of little baby spiders on the back of the mother spider as she runs around.”

Green Lynx Spider

Orchard Orbweaver

Silver Garden Spider

GLOBAL IMPACT OF SPIDERS It’s important to have a healthy spider community in your area to help serve as pest control and keep insect populations in check. This is especially important for agriculture, as spiders help control the insects that damage crops. Spiders are one of the most important predators that we have in terms of getting rid of other pests. “According to a recent study, about 400 to 800 million tons of prey are killed every year by the global spider community,” Brush said.


SEP/OCT 2018

white, mostly red, yellow-orange, and white. “They're completely harmless,” Brush said. “They're unable to bite you for the most part.”

Crab Spider


Spiny Backed Orb Weaver The spiny backed orb weaver is much smaller than the silver garden spider, roughly half the size of a dime. The abdomen is hexagonal in shape and they have little spines that stick out of the sides of the abdomen. They come in a variety of colors, but in this area, the most common color combinations to be observed are red and

Bold Jumping Spider A common hunting spider that you can see around your house is the bold jumping spider. This one is black and white, and its most interesting feature is its mandible, or jaw. Bold jumping spiders are bright green and really stick out. They are active hunting spiders, using their jumping ability to pounce on their prey like a cat. The female of the species is about the size of a penny.

Tropical Orbweaver

Texas Tan Tarantula


size of a quarter. All spiders have eight legs, but this spider frequently holds its legs in pairs, forming an X. They tend to build their webs in cacti, agave, or other spiny plants.


CONSERVATION ALLIES Sea Turtle Inc. Works to Aid Turtles, Educate Public



SEP/OCT 2018

by A my C a sebi er | p h o to s b y Ji m Lo w ens tei n a n d A d r i e n n e M cC r a cke n

For the endangered sea turtles found on the Texas coast, people are a double-edged sword. Those who understand what’s at stake for the vulnerable creatures can make for great allies, but individuals who are unaware of the impact humans have on turtles can be harmful. One step people can take to start learning how they can help with sea turtle conservation is to visit Sea Turtle Inc., located at 6617 Padre Blvd. on South Padre Island. Visitors to the facility can expect to see resident and rehabilitating sea turtles in tanks, a wealth of educational material, and talks led by staff members. A variety of special programming — and a gift shop — is also available. Founded in 1977, Sea Turtle Inc. was originally intended to specifically help the highly endangered

Kemp’s ridley sea turtle, which nests in South Texas. Now, the organization has expanded its mission to conserve all sea turtle species, rehabilitate injured sea turtles, and educate the public about sea turtles. “The public can do a lot to help sea turtles,” Sea Turtle Inc. conservation coordinator Mariana Devlin wrote in an email. “One of the easiest things to do is to cut down our use of single-use plastics that can easily end up in the ocean.” Single-use plastics include items like plastic water bottles, cutlery, straws, and coffee cups, among others. Devlin recommends transitioning to reusable beverage containers and stainless steel straws. “Also, try recycling,” she added. “It is easy and a good way to help not just sea turtles, but the planet as a whole.”




an important role in sea turtle conservation. “Every year, we rescue and rehabilitate hundreds of sea turtles. Rehabilitation, coupled with education, is one of the most important ways in which we contribute to sea turtle conservation,” Devlin wrote. “Sea Turtle Inc. patrols hundreds of miles looking for sea turtle nests every year. Sea turtle eggs are relocated to a protected area where they safely incubate away from predators and vehicular traffic. Once hatched, baby sea turtles are safely released into the ocean.” When possible, Sea Turtle Inc. posts alerts of when there will be a public release of hatchlings, providing a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for people who attend. For Devlin, there’s a clear picture of what conservation success looks like. “It looks like an empty rehabilitation facility and nesting neophytes every year,” she wrote. Neophytes are first-time nesting female sea turtles. “A clean beach and a full corral. People leaving our facility after being educated, motivated to make a difference.” And Sea Turtle Inc. welcomes people interested in having a greater impact on sea turtle conservation. “If you want to be more directly involved in sea turtle conservation, you can also volunteer with our organization,” Devlin wrote. “We are always looking for volunteers to help us run all aspects of our programs.” For more information about sea turtle conservation and Sea Turtle Inc., visit the organization’s website at www.


Beach-goers at the Island have an additional call to action. “People can make a big difference by picking up after their trash and keeping the native vegetation intact,” Devlin wrote. The Texas coast is home to five different sea turtle species, she added. These include the Green sea turtle, the Loggerhead sea turtle, the Hawksbill sea turtle, the Kemp’s ridley sea turtle, and the rarely seen Leatherback sea turtle. “All of these species are either classified as threatened or endangered, but the most vulnerable to date is the one that nests here in South Texas, the Kemp’s ridley,” Devlin wrote. Most of the dangers for sea turtles come from humans, including pollution. “At Sea Turtle Inc., we rescue and rehabilitate a lot of turtles that get entangled in fishing line, turtles that get hit by boats, and turtles that ingest marine debris,” Devlin wrote. “Other threats that sea turtles face include poaching of eggs and nesting females, destruction of nesting habitat for beach development, and natural predator attacks.” There are a number of challenges workers and volunteers at Sea Turtle Inc. face while attempting to help sea turtles. Some issues include litter on the beach, illegal fishing and dumping of nets, beach drivers who speed in nesting areas, patrolling a remote area, maintaining equipment, and more, Devlin wrote. But in spite of the challenges, Sea Turtle Inc. still plays

SEP/OCT 2018



What You Need to Know About

“A M B UL A N CE C HAS E R S ” by Efrén Olivares

If you’ve ever been in a car wreck, chances are you have

2. This prohibition also applies to other persons working with or for lawyers

some experience with “ambulance chasers.” The term comes from the unethical practice of some attorneys and

Some attorneys rely on paralegals, hospital employees,

others working with or for them of soliciting business

therapists, paramedics, tow truck drivers, so-called

after a traffic accident, especially if there were injuries

“runners,” and others to solicit business from potential

that may lead to a lawsuit against the responsible party.

clients. This practice is as unethical as it is for the

They “chase” the ambulance to try to talk to any injured

lawyers to engage in it directly. Some of these individuals

victims and take their cases.

have access to information or to the specific people

Anyone involved in a wreck can be a target. Here are

involved in a wreck, and therefore they have access to

five things you should know about this illegal practice

contact information of the victims. They may also obtain

here in the Valley.

this information from either private or public documents,

1. Attorneys cannot solicit, or offer their services, to you in relation to a specific incident

such as police reports, and in some cases they may even come to your house to offer their services.

convince you. But beware! In addition to being unethical,

matter arising out of a particular occurrence or event.”

these individuals do not have your best interest at heart.

That means that an attorney cannot offer their services

3. “Runners” tend to work on a commission basis — they’re trying to get a commission, not help you

SEP/OCT 2018

from seeking “professional employment concerning a

prohibit attorneys and those working with or for them


Those who engage in this practice make it seem as if they truly want to help you, which is their way to try to

a specific event, such as a car accident. Attorneys who

Most often these individuals will tell you fantastic


The Texas Disciplinary Rules of Professional Conduct

engage in this practice either directly or indirectly can be

stories about how much money you will recover if you hire

subject to discipline by the State Bar of Texas.

this or that lawyer, or what great medical services you will

— by either giving you a business card, or asking you to come to their office to discuss you case — in relation to

receive for you and any relative who was also involved

Unfortunately, not all attorneys abide by this

in the accident. They’re experienced in doing this and




will tell you what you want to hear. But remember: These

You surely have seen the billboards around the Valley,

individuals work on commission, meaning that they get

seen ads on TV, heard them on the radio, and probably

paid for taking your business to a certain lawyer or law

even seen them online. That is all permissible, within

office. They are simply trying to make that commission,

the rules. The general rule is that attorneys cannot offer

not to help you.

their services for a specific accident (“I can help you with

Here is a quick tip to see whether a person is a runner

the accident you were in yesterday”), but they can offer

working (unethically) for a lawyer: If someone solicits your

their services generally (“I can help you if you’re ever in

business after an accident, ask them what office they

an accident”).

work for, and ask for a phone number. Call that number,

5. Choose your own, reputable lawyer: Word of mouth recommendations are the best

they do not work there, that should be a red flag that this

If you ever need to hire an attorney, whether for an

person is a runner working on commission. If they do

accident or for anything else, the best thing you can do

work at that office and they did solicit your business, you

is go with someone who is reputable. Look up potential

can report them to the State Bar of Texas for violating

lawyers on the State Bar of Texas website (

Rules 7.03 and 8.04, by calling 1-800-932-1900.

to ensure they are licensed and in good standing. Try to

4. Lawyers and law offices can advertise their business to you, but not solicit after a specific accident or other incident

talk to other clients the lawyer has represented in the


past, ideally in a similar case. As in most things, word


and ask if the person who solicited you works there. If

SEP/OCT 2018

Those who engage in this practice make it seem as if they truly want to help you, which is their way to try to convince you. But beware! In addition to being unethical, these individuals do not have your best interest at heart.

of mouth recommendations are usually the best way to go.

The prohibition against solicitation does not mean that attorneys cannot advertise their services to you.



AFTER THE FLOOD McAllen Leaders Share Resources, Advice, Insights Following June Deluge

McAllen city attorney Kevin Pagan first had the indication that there might be a problem with flooding in the city the day before it happened. On Wednesday, June 20, the MidValley experienced a deluge. “What we were responding to was a request for mutual aid,” said Pagan, who is also McAllen’s emergency management coordinator. “When there are cities having problems that overwhelm that city’s ability to respond, we call on our sister cities in the area. McAllen had actually helped respond to some of the events on June 20.” And by Thursday morning, June 21, McAllen would be experiencing a flooding event of its own. “Some folk are not aware of this, but the systems within a particular city, including McAllen, are heavily dependent on systems outside of our city — the county drainage system that takes the water out of a city and eventually over to the Gulf,” Pagan said. “So it was clear to me that those systems were going to be at or near capacity Wednesday night. Going into Thursday morning, if there was significant rain, then we would have to deal with the fact that those constraints would already be upon us.” Pagan joined McAllen Mayor Jim Darling and other city, weather, and disaster response officials during a town hall meeting held July 5 at Las Palmas Community Center

in McAllen. Community leaders recounted the events of the June 21 flood, which left over 20,000 homes impacted in Hidalgo County. The meeting was aimed at explaining the incident to the public and distributing information on recovery resources. “I know how serious it is for almost all of you out there,” Darling said at the start of the meeting. “Hopefully there will be an avenue to recover and that’s what obviously what we’re all here for.” Residents affected by the flooding can apply to the Federal Emergency Management Agency for aid — President Donald Trump signed a federal disaster declaration July 6. In McAllen alone, 2,700 homes had water in them, according to city engineer Yvette Barrera. The high volume of rainfall in a short period of time made problems crop up quickly, said Barry Goldsmith, warning coordination meteorologist with the National Weather Service in Brownsville. “A category nada, no hurricane, can produce a problem — don’t ever forget that,” he said. “It’s super-duper important to remember that the Valley floods, period.” At 7 a.m. June 21, hard rain began to fall in Mission, eventually spreading to McAllen at a rate in excess of 1 inch per hour. By 8 a.m., Pagan was receiving calls of flooded



SEP/OCT 2018

by Amy Casebier



streets and intersections. “A lot of folks are not aware that the streets themselves are actually part of our drainage plans,” he said. “For the City of McAllen, the underground drainage is designed for the water to runoff and be removed from the city, but once that system reaches its capacity because of the rate of rainfall or because of the amount of rainfall received over a period of time, then the next stage of the drainage plan for the city is for that water to collect into the streets and stay within the curbs of various streets.” This makes it difficult to drive, but ideally keeps the water away from homes and businesses, Pagan explained. But after 8 a.m., Pagan activated a city emergency center. McAllen Public Works Department employees began distributing pump equipment, the McAllen Fire Department started conducting vehicle and medical rescues, and the mayor was notified of the state of emergency. “I noticed something that disturbed me, that concerned me quite a bit, and that was that there was no pattern to where these rescues were occurring,” Pagan said. “They were occurring again in almost every quadrant of the city of McAllen.” By noon, Darling declared a state of disaster in the city to free up additional resources. And amid the deluge around 11 a.m., first lady Melania Trump landed at McAllen-Miller International Airport to visit migrant children separated from their families. “It’s never just one thing that happens in these events,” Pagan said. After about an hour of hearing from McAllen officials and disaster response leaders at the town hall meeting, a woman in the audience stood up. “I personally along with so many of us here don’t want to go through the process of either being evacuated from our homes or needing this assistance,” she said. “What is the City of McAllen doing for future drainage?” Murmurs of assent and loud applause drowned out the rest of her comments. Darling responded with information on the bond passed in May that allocated $25 million for drainage and traffic improvements in the city — and a caveat. “I have to tell you in all likelihood, even with the improvements that we did with the new bond issue, we still wouldn’t have avoided all the problems that we had,” he said. “Even if we provided the best drainage in the world, in the city of McAllen, we still have to get our water out of the city through other jurisdictions. “It’s a countywide situation, number one. And number two, you can’t build a system that would meet this amount of rainfall. I understand you’re frustrated. It was an

unprecedented rain.” More people commented afterward, detailing blocked drains that received no city attention, water pouring into houses, and problematic, flood-prone neighborhoods. The mayor ended the meeting after about 25 minutes of these testimonials, encouraging upset residents to make individual appointments with McAllen officials. Danella Hughes, the executive director of the American Red Cross of South Texas, urged attendees to be prepared for emergencies. “Please sign up for local alerts and warnings — make sure you stay informed,” she said, emphasizing the importance of having an evacuation plan in place as well as an emergency kit filled with important papers and a three days’ supply of medication, food, and water for every member of a family. Hughes added that the Red Cross had distributed over 21,000 meals and snacks following the flood. Pagan encouraged McAllen residents to enroll in CodeRed, an emergency message app that distributes information to users. The city developed it to automatically send messages to all landlines, but residents with only cellphones must enroll via the city website. Pagan also offered advice on residents recovering from flood damage. First, call your insurance provider to make sure you don’t have flood coverage — FEMA will require proof of non-coverage before issuing aid. In some cases, though, homeowner’s insurance will cover flood damages. Document all repairs efforts, including saving receipts, for possible reimbursement. McAllen waived the requirement to obtain building permits prior to repairing flood damages.

To apply for federal aid via FEMA, visit or call (800) 621-3362. SEP/OCT 2018

To request cleanup assistance, call the crisis cleanup hotline at (800) 451-1954.

departments/emergency. To see a National Weather Service rainfall map of the flooding event, visit www. For tips on emergency preparedness, go to

To volunteer in the cleanup efforts, call (956) 242-4773.





For links to more resources for flood recovery in McAllen, go to

Complete OB/GYN Care to Fit Your Style Choose a provider who fits your needs and style. “I love obstetrics and teaching patients about family planning and contraception. From teens to working with women going through menopause, it’s a joy to see my patients evolve over time.” - DR. PETTLE

“The most important thing we do in my office is to listen to our patients and support them. My job is to help women feel better mentally, physically and emotionally, and steer them towards successful pregnancy and gynecological outcomes.” - DR. DIAGNE

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“My approach is to treat each patient as an individual, and serve as a partner in achieving her obstetrical or gynecological goals at all stages of her life.” - DR. NII-MOI

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EN SERVICIOS LEGALES Accidentes de Automóviles Accidentes de Camiones

Responsabilidad del Establecimiento Explosiones del Campo Petrolero Responsabilidad del Producto Lesiones Personales Muerte Injusta

Abogado del Millón de Dólares 2018

Tres Mejores Rated® 2018

Mejores Abogados en América Curso de la Vida del Socio Fundador

Abogado del Año 2013, 2015, 2016, 2018

Oficina principal en McAllen, Texas



September / October 2018 - RGVision Magazine  
September / October 2018 - RGVision Magazine