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APRIL 2013



Red Bull


Fighters Is Back! Motorcycle genius Levi Sherwood defends his title

To The Summit

Triumph and tragedy on jungle mountain

Chairman Of The Board

Robby Naish: a life in surf

Helly HaNseN catwalk

Gulskogen Drammen, Norway

Scandinavian Design is the cornerstone in all Helly Hansen gear. The optimal combination of purposeful design, protection and style. This is why professional athletes, patrollers and discerning enthusiasts choose Helly Hansen.

cONFIDeNt wHeN It MatteRs


April 72


Every ambitious yachtsman dreams of one day taking part in the America’s Cup. A select group of young sailors is one step away from making that dream come true


You could be the best yachtsman in the world and never compete in the America’s Cup. Sailing’s premier contest is truly elite, in that it attracts the best of the best, but also, some say, because of the hard-to-crack old boys’ network that surrounds it. The Red Bull Youth America’s Cup challenges the status quo and gives talented youngsters a chance to break through. Also on water, but all by himself, Robby Naish is a true pioneer of windsurfing and kitesurfing. The Red Bulletin visited him in Hawaii (tough gig) and was rewarded with tales of a life lived to the full. Continuing our globe-trotting commitment to original journalism, we also visited the cleverest country on the planet: Armenia, where chess is the national sport, taught in schools, and where grandmasters are feted like film stars. All that, and much, much more. Enjoy the issue. 06



Windsurfing legend Robby Naish on competitive obsession and the joys and rigours of a life lived passionately THE RED BULLETIN






On one of the last remaining blank spots on the map, a mountain climbing challenge so fiendish that weeks of trekking past deadly snakes in the jungle to reach the rock face are just a warm-up

08 PHOTOS OF THE MONTH Amazing images from top photographers 16 NEWS Sport and culture on the quick 20 ME & MY BODY Dai Greene 21 WHERE’S YOUR HEAD AT? Star of The Great Gatsby, Leonardo DiCaprio 24 LUCKY NUMBERS Calculating Star Trek 26 WINNING FORMULA Weightlifting



28 Guyana

Scaling unexplored heights of the South American jungle

42 Hawaii

Shooting the breeze with legend of windsurfing Robby Naish

54 Mexico City


After surgery, shoe supports and ice baths, this year the world 400m hurdles champion is fighting fit


Superstar DJs play marathon nine-hour sets at Club Midi, a former bakery in the unofficial capital of Transylvania

The stars of Red Bull X-Fighters kick off the series before hitting Dubai

62 Armenia

How to build a nation of grandmasters

70 England

Can BMX racer Shanaze Reade turn Olympic heartbreak into a golden future?

72 California

Getting up to speed with the Red Bull Youth America’s Cup hopefuls



The freestyle motocross of Red Bull X-Fighters isn’t for the faint-hearted, in the saddle or in the grandstands THE RED BULLETIN


In Armenia, the president greets winning grandmasters at the airport, and kids learn mind games in school chess lessons

84 86 88 90 94 96 97 98

TRAVEL Musical highlights of NYC GET THE GEAR Motocross essentials TRAINING Climbing tips from a pro NIGHTLIFE Food, drink, music & more SOUNDS OF 2013 Irish trio So Cow SAVE THE DATE Events for the diary KAINRATH Our cartoonist MIND’S EYE With Stephen Bayley




“Is that a very big wave or a very small lighthouse?” asked one of Owen Humphreys’ Twitter followers. Humphreys, a newswire lensman, confirmed the former: “Mate, was worst seas I’ve seen there.” The lighthouse, on the harbour wall at the Durham town of Seaham, about 25km south-east of Newcastle upon Tyne, is 10m tall; the spray at the top of that breaking wave is about three times that. Photography: Owen Humphreys




Sporting challenges don’t come harder than the Marathon des Sables. A marathon a day, give or take a few paces, for six days. Runners must carry all food and kit; water and first aid is available en route. (On the organisers’ shopping list: 120,000 litres of water and 2,700 blister plasters.) This year’s race finishes on April 15; last year’s was won by Salameh al Aqra of Jordan, in 19h 59m 21s. As he rightly pointed out, “Everyone reaching the finishing line here is a champion.” Photography: Erik Sampers




Aksel Lund Svindal is used to a bigger crowd when he skis. On this remote off-piste jaunt, the Norwegian, winner of two overall World Cup titles, Olympic super-G gold and five assorted world championship golds, was part of the team making Being There (available to buy or rent on iTunes), a globe-trotting freeski action doc. “It’s simply raw nature,” he said, of the filming. “You’re skiing in the moment.” He’s the one smiling at the camera. Photography: Mattias Fredriksson




When British architect Tom Wright designed the helipad at the luxury Burj Al Arab hotel, little did he know it would one day be graced by Dany Torres’s wheels. Spain’s freestyle motocross king opted for this unusual warm-up ahead of the Red Bull X-Fighters World Tour stop in town. Such was Torres’s trust in his own precision he went for one wheel rather than two, a brave move when you’re 321m above the Persian Gulf. Photography: Balazs Gardi/Red Bull Content Pool


Bullevard Sport and culture on the quick

Retro active Music’s old dogs are learning new tricks. Getting the band back together is common these days; doing more than greatest hits is not. So here are four acts still creating after all these years

1. DAVID BOWIE No live shows to support his first album in 10 years, The Next Day, released to raptures last month.

2. FLEETWOOD MAC The band begin a world tour this month, minus Christine McVie, with their first new songs in 10 years.

SYNTH ETHIC A sculptor works hard to ensure that his musical mechanical devices are unlike any others on Earth Why would you put an electronic instrument inside a stuffed badger? David Cranmer thinks that’s the wrong question: why wouldn’t you? Strange sounds from self-made synthesizers are not enough to satisfy the 30-year-old English artist, so his music machines are visually striking, too. Gems among his collection are a pink metal pig, with a snout and 56 buttons on its body, a pyramidshaped speaker with a built-in synth, and a drumming penguin made of tin and powered by a chainsaw. He built a device that caused a stuffed bird of prey to dance and called it A Kestrel Manoeuvres In The Dark. “My friend asked me what casing I would build my ideal theremin into,” says Cranmer. “I replied, ‘Probably a traditional oak case, or maybe a badger.’ Eventually, it seemed the badger was the better choice.” You can find Cranmer’s creations at both art and music shows: he has performed, with the musical pig, under the name Nine Owls in a Baguette.

Good, pointed, well made: pyramid synth by David Cranmer

3. MY BLOODY VALENTINE Third album m b v came in Feb, 22 years after their second. See them at festivals from Tokyo to Berlin.



Have you taken a picture with a Red Bull flavour? Email it to us at: 4. BLACK FLAG Hardcore gods back on tour, without frontman Henry Rollins. A first LP since 1985 is imminent.


Every month we print a selection, with our favourite pic awarded a limited-edition Sigg bottle. Tough, functional and well-suited to sport, it features The Red Bulletin logo.

Los Angeles Legendary punks Bad Religion rock the Red Bull Sound Space at KROQ Studios Gabriel Olsen


Green tech Kit to shrink a carbon footprint for Earth Day, April 22

LOGITECH K750 This wireless keyboard works on solar energy, not batteries. One sunny charge will last three weeks.

From stage to phone: the new Red Bull Music Academy Radio app takes you inside music


App’ll do nicely What was The xx’s concert in London last month like? What track did Questlove finish his latest DJ set with? Which legendary bands did Ginger Baker play drums for? All questions you can get immediate answers to via the new version of the Red Bull Music Academy Radio app. Oh, and there’s music too. Every day there are new mixes, artist profiles, interviews and concerts from clubs and festivals around the world. Former participants and lectures from over 50 countries feature, as well as fresh and interesting bands and musicians. The archive is already over 1,000 shows strong – all of them exclusively produced for Red Bull Music Academy – while a new function allows users to set up a bespoke channel from favourite broadcasts, which, along with individual shows, can be shared on Facebook and Twitter. Unless your smartphone really isn’t smart at all (ie it’s not Symbian, Windows Mobile, iOS or Android) you can get the free app now.

ECOXPOWER A dynamo to charge both a front light and handlebarmounted mobile (or other USB device) as you cycle.

BEDOL ALARM CLOCK Water is what makes this tick. Fill her up once and she’s good to go for eight weeks.

TWO-TON MARK If all goes to plan on April 21 at the Bahrain GP, Mark Webber will become only the 13th driver to start 200 Grands Prix How did you feel when you raced your first F1 GP? Unbridled joy. My path into Formula One was a rocky one. In 2002, I was lucky enough to compete at my home Grand Prix in Melbourne and finished in a wonderful fifth place, in an inferior Minardi. Your best race to date? The 2009 German Grand Prix. It was also my first win. Even though I had a drivethrough penalty, I was nine seconds ahead of Sebastian Vettel at the finish line. Most spectacular overtaking manoeuvre? Spa 2011, Eau Rouge: I squeezed past Fernando Alonso at 270kph. Most dangerous moment? In 2010 in Valencia. I crashed

into the back of Heikki Kovalainen, my car flipped up in the air and did a backwards somersault. It was a miracle I was uninjured. Favourite car? The RB6, 2010 season. I won four Grands Prix in it! Favourite circuit? The ‘Ardennes rollercoaster’ in Spa, Belgium, though I’ve never managed to win there. Greatest disappointment? I had 10 podium finishes in 2010 – my best chance to win a world title – but in the end I was 14 points short of Seb Vettel in the championship. Out now for Apple and Android phones: the Red Bull Racing Spy app, with gossip, race diaries and photos

‘A miracle I was uninjured’: Mark Webber flips out at Valencia in 2010


Cape Town Robby Naish (see Contents) and kitesurf queen Susi Mai at Red Bull King of the Air Craig Kolesky THE RED BULLETIN

Valparaíso Crowd in the road while Slovak MTBer Filip Polc takes the stairs at an urban downhill race in Chile Fabio Piva

Nantes At Red Bull Beat It, France’s best urban dancers, including Mufasa (left) and Antoinette Little Shao 17


Make some noise count Red Bull Amplifier offers a helping hand to music start-ups. It’s a Dragon’s Den for the music industry, with an expert panel of judges including Mercurynominated singer and producer Ghostpoet and SoundCloud’s David Haynes. The premise is simple: an idea can sit Ghostpoet: expert judge anywhere on the spectrum between weird and wonderful, as long as it’s innovative, and enhances the musical experience in some way for fans, artists or both – anything from improving the recording process to reinventing how people listen to the finished product. Winning pitchers will then be offered a creative partnership, access to audiences, specialist events and cutting-edge technology. Ideas can be submitted online until April 22.


Boy racer: Brad Ray

Only a select few make it as a MotoGP rider, and those riding in the MotoGP Red Bull Rookies Cup have a better chance than most. The series nurtures new talent, taking the best young bikers and letting them roar around some of the world’s best tracks. When the season starts on April 20, 24 Rookies representing 14 countries will be heading to Austin, Texas, for the first of 14 races. “I’m looking forward to learning, that’s what the Rookies Cup’s all about,” says 15-year-old British contender Brad Ray from Kent (right), who’s been racing since he was five, “and I’ll be on the podium. I’m going to go for it in every race.”


String theory “My sound is kind of folky. I sing and play guitar and the ukulele. It seems the ukulele has made a comeback in recent years. I love its simplicity; those four strings can create such a lovely sound.” Life lessons “The name QuietDust comes from an Emily Dickinson poem about death. It’s about impermanence, that no matter who you are you’re just a voice for a short while and you’ve got this tiny little parenthesis in time to fill up with whatever you want.” Grease monkey “I work at a car maintenance place by day, fitting bulbs, batteries and sub-woofers. I’m good at changing tyres, too. I’ve picked it all up by just watching and learning – it’s all handy stuff to know.” Miss America “I stumbled upon Red Bull Music Academy online, and went for it. I was really surprised I got in; now I’m just excited to go to New York and meet other people who are as interested in music as I am.” Red Bull Music Academy New York April 28-May 31:

Sarajevo Getting cold feet at sub-zero iceslide Red Bull Jump and Freeze Sulejman Omerbasic

St Johann In Austria, speedway’s Mikkel B

Jensen (left) gets ice riding tips from Franky Zorn David Robinson THE RED BULLETIN


At 22, singer/instrumentalist Emma Bedford, aka QuietDust, is living a life of performance, poetry and pimping rides in Dublin

Sonic youth

Brandon Bay Wind’s up at windsurfing contest Red Bull Storm Chasers in Ireland Sebastian Marko

Emma Bedford is attending Red Bull Music Academy




After surgery, shoe supports and ice baths, this year, the world and Commonwealth 400m hurdles champion, 27, is fighting fit



Mentally, you have to be in control. For me, that starts about two weeks before a big competition. You have to switch off to rest, and then switch on when you need to focus. On competition day, I visualise the race and what I have to do during each second of it.



5 ARCH ENEMY Injury forced me out of the 2008 Olympics. The arches of my feet were collapsing inwards when I ran, which put my tibialis posterior tendon under stress. I had to go back to basics, with walking drills to strengthen them and had bespoke insoles made for support. Now they’re fine.



When I’m fatigued, muscles, like my glutes, can just switch off. Then other muscles begin to compensate for them, and get overloaded. I combat this with regular physio and, during summer season, ice baths. They’re around 8°C – pretty cold – but a dip lessens fatigue and aids recovery.


I hurt my left knee in 2011. When I ran, there was continuous pain, so I had surgery in December of that year. There was a fold in my meniscus cartilage, which they cleaned up. It was months before I could bend it properly, which didn’t help my Olympic campaign. [Greene finished fourth at London 2012.]



At 16, I discovered I have epilepsy. I’m susceptible to seizures when I’m stressed or tired. It’s difficult to make sure you get to bed on time: near a championships I can be on the track until 11pm. But it’s never stopped me racing. I just have to plan well and be careful.



LEONARDO DICAPRIO From being “king of the world!” to saving it, the ace actor has always aimed high. But if he had listened to advice, we might never had heard of him

Like The Artist

Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio, born in LA on November 11, 1974, has a middle name from Mom’s German heritage, and a first from her standing in front of a da Vinci painting when he, unborn, first kicked. An agent told young Leo to ditch both, for Lenny Williams. “[He] felt it was too ethnic and I wouldn’t get as many jobs.”

Marty Parts

After working with Leo on This Boy’s Life (1993), Robert De Niro told Martin Scorsese he had to work with “this kid DiCaprio”. Scorsese has now directed DiCaprio in five films: Gangs Of New York, The Aviator, The Departed, Shutter Island and, due later this year, The Wolf Of Wall Street, a tale of debauched financial fraud.

On The Boat

Animal Man

A child actor in TV shows and commercials (bubble gum breakfast cereal), Leo made his film debut in 1991, in lame sci-fi comedy Critters 3. Two years later, his turn in What’s Eating Gilbert Grape won him an Oscar nomination at the age of 19. In 1996, still only 21, he was cast in the lead of Titanic, and a superstar was born.

You might expect a man called Leo to like big cats, but DiCaprio went the extra mile in 2011 when he gave US$1 million to a global fund to save tigers. He has now moved onto bigger things: campaigning for an end to the trade of ivory and conserving the world’s elephant population.

Great Expectations


With Kate Affection

In the freezing cold water of the Titanic set, Leo forged a close friendship with co-star, Kate Winslet. He walked her down the aisle at her third wedding last year; she still wears a ring he gave her after they played warring marrieds in Revolution Road (2008).

Isle Be Back

Like Johnny Depp, DiCaprio owns an island in the sun. The 104 acres of Blackadore Caye is in the archipelago of Belize and was purchased in 2005, with plans for an environmentally sound resort to be built. The project is still in the planning stage. THE RED BULLETIN

Soon bursting forth in 3D, the sixth adaptation of The Great Gatsby might be the most lavish Hollywood film ever made. DiCaprio plays the lead, alongside Tobey Maguire, his friend of more than 20 years, and Carey Mulligan.

Earth Father

Following Gatsby and Wolf, LDC is taking “a long, long break”, during which, he says, he would “like to improve the world a bit”. Environment concerns are a priority: his house has solar panels and he drives a Fisker Karma luxury hybrid sports sedan.

The Great Gatsby is in cinemas around the world from May 10:




Top performers and winning ways from around the globe Good on paper: Mic Righteous Reigning men’s overall World Cup champ, Marcel Hirscher, 24, of Austria, had a good last day at the Alpine Ski World Championships in Schladming, Austria, winning a slalom gold.


Italy’s six-time world motocross champion Tony Cairoli, 27, (centre) dominated on home soil to add ‘Italian International MX champion’ to his long list of titles.

In Voss, Norway, 20-year-old Swiss Fanny Smith took gold in ski cross (eliminator races down a freestyle course) at the Freestyle World Ski Championships.

What made triathlete Richard Murray Murray’s win at the South African Championship all the sweeter? It was his first on home turf. “It was a big day for me,” said the 24-year-old.

When he was 17, Rocky Takalobigashi reinvented himself as Mic Righteous. Tough times growing up in Margate, a seaside town in south-east England, led the child of Iranian parents to channel his anger into powerful, plainly spoken raps. Now 22, he has millions of views on YouTube and his mixtapes are eagerly downloaded. He has rhymed on record alongside key players in the resurgent UK hip-hop scene and, further afield, Emeli Sandé, Ed Sheeran and certain Arctic Monkeys. A new EP, Open Mic, is a foretaste of a debut album due for this year.   : How did you get into making music?  : I’ve been influenced by hip-hop my whole life. The great thing about rap is that all you need is motivation, paper and a pen and you’re well on your way. How did it feel to be compared with DMX and Eminem? Both have been a massive influence on my career, as well as British artists like English Frank and Lowkey, whose music gave me confidence, because it showed me that it wasn’t just the Americans who were good at rapping. Why is it, after years where gold chains and big cars were central in rap lyrics, political issues are now prominent? For many years, people have been fed with stereotypes: “I’ve got this, I’ve got that, look at my car, look at my house.” But 99 per cent of us are not surrounded by girls and popping champagne in the club. So why are we getting these rappers to patronise us? I think more and more people are becoming aware of that. Your brother Mehrdad is a former dual-weight world boxing champion. Do you see similarities in your professions? Not really. He was jumping in the ring beating people up; I’m jumping on stage making people happy. On the other hand, he’d go running three miles and then straight to the gym. He showed me that it takes hard work to make something of yourself. Open Mic is out now on iTunes. Live show info:




Fast-rising Mic Righteous on fighting chances, entering politics and being the English Eminem




With Star Trek Into Darkness out next month, a voyage into the 47 years, and millions of light years, of science-fiction’s most fruitful saga

The starship USS Enterprise first hovered on American TV screens on September 8, 1966, but ground to a halt after three seasons, due to low viewing figures. Star Trek only achieved success when repeats were shown; five spin-off series since have made it a touchstone of TV. Watching all 726 episodes in one go would take three weeks.

The first USS Enterprise

Mr Spock & Captain Kirk now...

Former pilot and policeman Gene Roddenberry wrote the first Star Trek script in 1964. Roddenberry was the godfather of Star Trek, and worked on the TV shows and films up until his death, aged 70, in 1991. In 1997, some of his ashes were sent into space on a rocket the first ‘space burial’ of its kind.

The Klingons are a warrior race with a language of their own, developed by linguist Marc Okrand after his work on Star Trek III: The Search For Spock. The Klingon Dictionary was first published in 1985. According to the Guinness Book Of Records, Klingon is the most widely spoken fictitious language.

...and then


The Deep Space Nine space station


400,000 No TV series has more fans than Star Trek. In 1994, there were 130 fan conventions worldwide, which attracted over 400,000 visitors. There are famous Trekkie/rs: Martin Luther King praised Lieutenant Uhura as an African-American role model, while Barack Obama arranged a special White House screening of the 2009 Star Trek film.

Trekkie in blue

Lieutenant Worf, Klingon


Star Trek: The Next Generation scriptwriter Joe Menosky graduated from Pomona College, California, in 1979 where, in 1964, a professor put forward the theory that the number 47 occurs in the universe more than any other number. Menosky included it often in his TNG episodes; writers across the Trek franchise have followed suit.



Lieutenant Uhura

Since Star Trek: The Motion Picture in 1979, a further 10 Star Trek films have been released. The most recent was 2009’s Star Trek. It grossed US$385,680,446 at cinemas worldwide, taking it to, even with prices adjusted for inflation, box office heights to which no Star Trek film had gone before. Even greater success is predicted for sequel Star Trek Into Darkness, out from May 15.

Gene Roddenberry THE RED BULLETIN






RAISING THE BAR “The height of Matthias Steiner’s professional career came at the 2008 Beijing Olympics when he won gold in the super heavyweight division,” says Dr Martin Apolin, a sports scientist in the physics faculty at the University of Vienna. “At the Olympics, a winner is determined by adding together best scores in the snatch – lifting the bar from the floor over the head in one movement – and clean and jerk – from floor to chest, then above the head. Steiner’s winning clean and jerk was an impressive 258kg. The question here is: how much power did he generate in order to do that? “In phase one, the clean, the weight is raised from the floor to the shoulders (stages 1 to 4 in the diagram). We shall work out Steiner’s power as the barbell accelerates. “Power is calculated as work over time (fig 1 and 2): P = W/t. In our case, the work consists of lift (WL) and acceleration (WA). We calculate lift using WL = m g h, whereby m is mass in kg, g is gravitational acceleration (9.81m/s²) and h is the amount the body’s centre of gravity (BCG) rises in m. But here, Steiner is lifting two things: the barbell and his own body. So WL = m¹gh¹ + m² gh² applies. We calculate the barbell acceleration using WA = m¹v²⁄ 2, whereby v is the final velocity in m/s. All that combined gives us value of P = (m¹ g h¹ + m² g h² + m¹v²⁄ 2)/t. “The barbell’s maximum upward velocity is 1.41m/s which is reached 0.93s after the lifting motion starts. The barbell is raised 0.72m in that time. We have no exact data available on how far the BCG in the case of Steiner’s body – which has a mass of 146kg – rises during that time. However, we may assume that the body’s centre of gravity is inside the torso, level in height with the navel, and estimate that it rises by 0.6m. By the end of the barbell’s acceleration phase, Steiner’s body’s centre of gravity has reached its highest point and its speed has reached zero. The same cannot be said of the barbell, which is still rapidly moving upwards. “Therefore, we must also take into consideration the acceleration within the barbell. If we put all that into a formula, we get a value for P = (1,822J + 859J + 256J)/0.92s = 3,194 Watts, which is approximately 4.3 horsepower. A steady pace on an exercise bike generates about 100W (0.14hp); Steiner generates more than 30 times that power in less than a second.” UPLIFTING “The clean and jerk is the more exciting part of the contest,” says Steiner. “It decides who wins and the weights are heavier.” Steiner dedicated his victory at the 2008 Olympics to his wife, who had died in an accident the year before. At the 2012 Olympic Games in London, he had to retire after he was hit in the neck with a barbell weighing 196kg.



As well as bulging veins, a champion weightlifter generates an huge amount of energy. But how much?

Propping up the bar: Germany’s Matthias Steiner lifts 258kg to win gold in weightlifting’s super heavyweight division at the Beijing Olympics in 2008


JUNGLE PEAK On one of the last remaining blank spots on Earth’s map, a mountain climbing challenge so fiendish that weeks of trekking past deadly snakes in the jungle to reach the rock face are just a warm-up Words: Alan Lee Photography: Klaus Fengler

The table-top Mount Roraima, in the jungles of South America, is 2,810m tall and forms a world of its own: 80 per cent of its flora and fauna isn’t found anywhere else on Earth



n an unexplored corner of the South American jungle, 115 table-topped mountains break through the treetop canopy. Known locally as tepuis, these striking rock formations are up to 3,000m tall, with vertical faces that plunge for hundreds of metres back into the steaming vegetation, as flat as the plateaus, several kilometres square, that give the table mountains their English name. This region inspired The Lost World, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s famous 1912 novel, in which he described a forgotten realm of dinosaurs and primeval plants. Indeed, many of the tepuis are inaccessible today, and have only been explored by means of thermal imaging cameras on helicopters, penetrating thick, almost permanent cloud cover. Mount Roraima, the exact border point of Brazil, Venezuela and Guyana, is the highest point in Guyana. On the Venezuelan side, it declines gently enough for guided trekking tours, but, in Guyana, there is La Proa (The Bow), a wall 4km wide and 600m high, which in places rates the highest on mountaineering difficulty scales. German climbers Stefan Glowacz, Kurt Albert and Holger Heuber planned an expedition on which they would be the first to climb the wall according to the trio’s own rule: “by fair means”, meaning that they could only use technical assistance if life and limb depended on it, and that the ascent itself was only part of the adventure, on a par with getting there and leaving again. The expedition’s first attempt in early 2010 failed after Glowacz had an accident; they met with success on their

Stefan Glowacz (opposite page), Kurt Albert (white headscarf) and Holger Heuber (foreground) had a rule of “by fair means”, which meant mostly low-tech means, using canoes, with the help of local porters (blue cap) so they fought through the jungle to the foot of Roraima

One of the obstacles: South America’s most poisonous snake. “A single bite from a bushmaster and you’ve had it within three minutes”

second attempt later that year. Glowacz and Heuber had to finish their mission alone. In September 2010, Kurt Albert, the inventor of the internationally recognised “redpoint” freeclimbing technique fell to his death, at an oddly unchallenging point on a fixed rope route in northern Bavaria, Germany.

Stefan Glowacz, 48, became Germany’s first professional climber in the late 1980s. He has been one of the world’s best-known mountaineers for two decades. “I’m a top-level sportsman first and top-level adventurer second,” he says



Albert (top) and Glowacz in the jungle. Continuous rain kept their clothes and baggage soaking wet; the ground was muddy; the grips slippery. Their porters turned back after a week

In places, the rockface juts out so far that the climber is swinging metres off the wall in the air while abseiling

“so much rain you could drown on the while climbing“


Every cloud…: the angle of the wall provides protection from falling rocks and storms. “When it rains it’s like climbing behind a waterfall,” says Glowacz, “but if you make a mistake choosing your route in a place without enough overhang, you could just drown on the wall while bivouacking or climbing”


“we’re interested in places

other climbers don’t go”

“It was savagely nasty right from the start” Stefan Glowacz on a yearning for never-climbed mountains, luxury on the rock face and completing his late friend’s mission


  : There’s a famous – to mountain climbers, at least – scene in Werner Herzog’s film Scream Of Stone [1991], in which you are hanging one-handed, clearly unsecured, under an almost horizontal overhang above an Australian plain which stretches as far as the eye can see. Back then, in your mid-20s, you played a cocky, ambitious competitive climber at odds with traditional mountaineering...  : I didn’t have to act too much. Would the Stefan Glowacz of those days have managed to complete the Roraima expedition? Probably not. He would have been too impetuous. He wouldn’t have been calm and patient enough. He would have wanted too much too quickly. He might have just drowned. Drowned? You get rain and brutal thunderstorms there every day, the likes of which we’re simply not familiar with. When it really

rains, it’s like the gates of Hell opening and water shoots down the wall, waterfalls that will drown you if you choose the wrong route or bivouac in the wrong place. It’s as simple as that. There’s nothing else you can do but check out the wall meticulously before making your ascent, to see where you can climb in the dry, behind the water. So the younger Glowacz would not have studied the natural drainage system of a rock face? No, he would have been very bad at waiting. Especially at waiting in the jungle, in the mud, in soaking wet clothes, after a night in a soaking wet sleeping bag. Back then I was all zapbang! “Where’s it steepest? Where’s it at its most difficult? Let’s go up that way.” Why is La Proa on Roraima considered such a dangerous climb? You have to understand it in context. There are walls where there’s a nigh-on 100 per cent probability that you’re going to die, just because there’s basically


always something crashing around you: falling rock, falling ice, everything. Things you can’t control which, to a certain extent, are beyond the realms of the predictable. And of course, most of these walls still haven’t been climbed. Anyone who goes there anyway and comes back to tell the tale is then a great hero. “Wall of death conquered. Ta-da!” But if they die there, then they’re idiots. But isn’t the draw of extreme mountaineering to beat the elements, for man to subdue nature? No. That is not what mountaineering is about. The art of mountaineering is to grow old as a mountaineer. Not to be a hero because you had amazing luck, or to be an idiot because you didn’t. Extreme mountaineering is still bloody dangerous even once you’ve discounted all the risks you don’t have to take. But there are still the ones you do have to take. Why did you choose Roraima? No other places interested me personally. Take the Himalayas: the mountains there are great, but I can’t bear the style of mountain tourism in the Himalayas. We’re interested in something else: places climbers don’t normally go. We want to find our way in places you won’t find anything about in the specialist magazines or on the relevant internet forums. It starts getting interesting where there are no Google Earth images. Really far away from civilisation. And there’s probably nowhere more like that than this ‘Lost World’, like that of Arthur Conan Doyle’s. I need to look at somewhere and say, “I want to get up there”. Otherwise, it doesn’t work for me. Do you have any moral issue with seeking out blank spots on the map and then going there? In 20, 25 years’ time there won’t be any blank spots left on the map, but that’s not a bad thing in itself. The important thing is how you get there. We have always been committed on our expeditions to the “by fair means” concept: largely without high-tech, treating the world we open up and the people we meet along the way with respect, and starting off on our own from a point that any human could get to. In our case that was Georgetown, the capital of Guyana. So that meant three people with 400kg of baggage and provisions and 350km of jungle between us and the wall. We organised local porters in the jungle. Doesn’t it break the “by fair means” rule? Only if you exploit the porters, and not if you integrate them into the expedition.


“Mountaineering is not about being a hero because you had luck, or an idiot because you didn’t” They understood that, too. They trusted us, otherwise they wouldn’t have gone along with it. They have enough bad experience with white people. “By fair means” also means setting an example, showing how one should approach these areas, how careful and cautious one should be and how to interact with the people. It wouldn’t do anyone any good to do without porters just for the sake of doing without help altogether. And it would have been stupid, because it would have meant putting our lives at risk. If it hadn’t been for the locals, one of us would probably have been got by a bushmaster, the most dangerous snake in South America. We heard stories about how it doesn’t flee, how it pursues its victims and can leap up to 2m into the air. A single bite and you’ve had it within three minutes. The locals know where they are and how to avoid them. Why did the porters turn back earlier than planned? There were some overgrown ascents that really were dangerous, that they

16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6

Bivouac rest points 5 4 3 2 1

Stefan Glowacz and Holger Heuber bivouacked up the 600m wall in 16 stages on ledges less than a metre wide

couldn’t climb, and we understood that. We couldn’t take responsibility for that. That sort of thing only happens to you in places of which you don’t have experience. So we had to carry our baggage to the wall for the final stretch. That added days. They were groundhog days: the same thing every day and rain every day, but rainforest rain, so that nothing ever dried out. It was savagely nasty right from the start. Did you suffer in those conditions? Humans get used to things. Eventually you say, ‘OK, shit happens,’ and you just put those wet shoes back on in the morning and that wet T-shirt and those wet trousers, and you stop thinking about it and get on with it. Of course, you’ve always got some inflammation or other and you’ve got wounds on your feet and you poke around at them and there’s a maggot in there. But what can you do? You know it’s going to be nasty beforehand and you mentally prepare yourself for that. You can prepare yourself for maggots in open wounds? It’s all about your basic attitude. You can imagine the heat, the humidity, the rain when you’re still back at home. You say to yourself, “OK, it’s going to chuck it down every day. Everything’s going to be wet the whole time, but it’s warm rain. You won’t freeze.” And it might last six weeks. Life can be nasty for six weeks. You’ve got to train yourself to be calm. And it’s a lot easier in heat than it is in the cold. The cold hurts. Something gets frostbitten, your hands get cold, and then it hurts like hell when they thaw out again. Pain really saps morale. How physically and mentally ready for climbing are you after three or four weeks in the jungle? It wasn’t that bad. To start with, the wall was a pretty relaxed climb. Upper eights on the 10-point difficulty scale, let’s say. Then it got progressively more difficult the further up we went. The key stage right at the end is level 10. That’s pretty demanding, especially when you’ve already been on the wall for days. When you bivouac on metre-wide ledges, are you really getting rest and sleep? A metre would be a lot. It’s luxury if you can more or less lie down. Finding ledges like that is a real piece of luck. If they aren’t there, we’d have to set up camp in a hanging frame tent [the supports that look like a combination of a car seatbelt and a hammock]. Can you honestly sleep in those? 37

“a climber’s legacy is

a great route we leave a mark”

The climbers fought for five days around a stage of the highest difficulty

Unpredictable weather, solid rain for days, bivouacking on the wall. “That’s what I’m interested in on my adventures,” says Glowacz

Glowacz and Heuber named this route – as climbers may when they climb a route for the first time – Behind The Rainbow, in memory of Kurt Albert. There is a photo of their former colleague in which he looks like he is holding up a rainbow, and a rainbow shone over the Roraima route as soon as the rainclouds cleared


“climbers are closer than

any other partnerships“

Final destination: Stefan Glowacz (right) and Holger Heuber on the Roraima plateau

Pretty well, actually. You’ve just got to be really well roped up to sleep. You can always get an hour of deep sleep in them. Then you doze; standby sleep, let’s say, but that’s enough. The nice thing about Roraima was that there was so much overhang from the wall that there was no danger of falling rock or anything like that. You don’t sleep all that well when you know that something from above might batter you to death at any second. Adrenalin basically helps a lot too, of course. You only notice how exhausted you really are when you get back and lie down in a hotel bed for the first time. You might sleep for a whole day. What led to your abandonment of the first attempt of Roraima in 2010? I injured my heel, and we were running out of time and provisions. So we had to call it off, but we knew we’d be back. What hurt a lot more than my heel was the fact that I had to be taken away by helicopter. It was a damp squib of an ending to something we had put so much time and effort into. A few months later came the news of Kurt Albert’s death. Why was he so highly respected by the climbing community? What a loss it was, what a shock, what a watershed. Kurt was the type of guy who taught himself to play the piano because, as he said, ‘Life is all mathematics and I can understand anything mathematical. I’m not interested in anything that isn’t mathematical.’ Kurt could calculate for you how many times you’d have to cross an avalanche-prone slope for you to die on it. Kurt was a guy who didn’t know a word of Spanish and then he got it into his head that he had to learn Spanish and a year later he was giving talks in Spain. On expeditions, Kurt only ever had books that you wouldn’t want to swap with him: scientific essays, intelligence tests from the latest geniuses’ world championships, that sort of thing. That was Kurt. Kurt was the total lone wolf. Completely unattached. No family. There was nothing but mountaineering and he was eerie in the way he defended his independence. Kurt would have been 60 next year. His death tore us apart. The three of us – Holger, Kurt and I – were the Three Musketeers. We had an intuitive understanding. You won’t find that perfect symbiosis more than once in your life. Was that because the three of you climbed so well together? Skills are much less important than the personal side of things. If somebody bugs you on this sort of expedition, it doesn’t get to the point where this is about professional matters. You’re living with people for weeks at a time, closer than in any other form of partnership, and that was just perfect with Holger and Kurt, precisely because we all knew that each one of us was placid and had a high tolerance

“When I hear people say, ‘I’d love to climb, but…’ I can’t bear it. You either do it or you don’t” threshold. You haven’t just got to be extremely resilient mentally and physically, but you’ve also got to be unbothered when someone jokes first thing in the morning, ‘Hey, you look like shit today!’ You can’t afford to get in a huff about that sort of thing. You just laugh along with the joke. Composure is incredibly important. As is being goal-oriented, not having to be right all the time and deciding things democratically. How did it feel on the second attempt, accompanied only by Holger Heuber? We felt closer, even more like kindred spirits. It’s as if we had a contract. We’d bring it through, in memory of Kurt. For Kurt. That’s the legacy you leave behind when you’re a climber, after all: a great route. It doesn’t matter if someone climbs it after you or they don’t. In the same way that a writer writes a book or a painter paints a picture, we climb a route. We leave our mark. And this route is here now, left by Kurt. How do your wife and children feel about your climbing? Once I’ve decided what I’m doing, I go home and say, “I’m going to be away for six weeks at such and such a time.” And no more is said about it. Isn’t that a little bit harsh? It only works if the port you’re setting sail from is secure. There’s got to be an understanding there. If there was a fight every time you wanted to set sail, it wouldn’t be the right kind of relationship. Are there mountaineering careers that have faltered because of family? Lots. When I go climbing somewhere, I hear a lot of people say, “Oh, I’d love to do what you do, but then I met my wife, had children.” I get annoyed every time I hear that “I’d love to, but…” I can’t bear it. You either do it or you don’t. It doesn’t matter whether you want to be a successful manager or a good painter. At some point you’ll have to be selfish. I think it’s the greatest thing in life to discover your passion and then gear your life towards it with all the consequences if that’s what you have to do. So are you saying a person’s passion is something they would be willing to give up a great love for? Yes. You recognise the passion is so great that it would be self-denial to give it up. Self-abandonment. And that self-abandonment leads to sentences starting, ‘…Oh, I’d have really loved to…’ In actual fact, you should look in the mirror in such cases and say, ‘I just didn’t have the balls to live my life.’






as W or ds : A nd re ul le r y: M ic ha el M Ph ot og ra ph


Robby Naish, on dry land at home in Maui, Hawaii


Naish (left) with brother Randy in 1978

KAILUA, WHERE I GREW UP, IS A super-cool little community on the north-east side of Oahu, Hawaii. Back then it was totally off the radar. Obama’s kind of brought it on the radar with his Christmas holidays, but even up until the last few years everyone just stayed in Waikiki and went to the North Shore. We lived a five-minute walk from the beach. I didn’t even own a pair of slippers until I was in the third grade. I did everything barefoot: went to school barefoot, played flag football [touch version of American football] barefoot, played basketball barefoot. I’m still like that. I’m barefoot all the time.

WHEN I FIRST STARTED WINDSURFING , there were like six or seven of us in Hawaii. It was when there was only one windsurfer and it had a wooden boom and plastic board. There had been no development in the gear yet. You didn’t jump on a windsurfer and go anywhere. You fell and you fell and you fell and you went 10ft and fell. In Kailua, the windsurfers would drift down the beach and then have to somehow drag their gear all the way back up. So I would go down after school and run down the beach and ask people if they wanted me to sail their board back upwind for them, so they wouldn’t have to drag it. And so I would get water time that way.

I LOVE THE DIFFICULTY OF WINDSURFING. I love that challenge to tame it, telling yourself, ‘I’m going to beat this thing!’ And the competitive aspect, where you control your own destiny. I never liked 44


t a time when most of his friends were frantically rubbing cream on the first signs of acne, Robby Naish was a world champion. In 1976, the quietly confident 13-year-old got the better of a much older field in the young sport of windsurfing. The next year he did it again, and the year after that, and the year after that, too. He won 24 titles in all, adding two kiteboarding world championships in his late 30s. But his impact on the sport’s growth and popularity has gone beyond his titles. For the better part of two decades, he was windsurfing’s Michael Jordan, a man with an addiction to both the water and winning, and a transformative figure in a sport that grew from wooden booms and plastic boards into a global industry. If his great rivalry with Holland’s Björn Dunkerbeck didn’t quite equal the scale of Jordan’s epic battles while playing for Chicago Bulls against arch-rivals Detroit Pistons, it matched its intensity. Now 50, Naish retains a playful air about him, the white crow’s-feet around his eyes (from years spent squinting up at the sail) one of few giveaways of his advancing years. He still wears sandals and shorts as a matter of principle, and surfs his favourite break, the big-wave cauldron Ho’okipa on Maui’s North Shore, whenever the wind is up. Now in its 18th year, Naish’s eponymous company is a successful manufacturer of high-end windsurfing, kitesurfing and standup paddleboarding gear. The last two are sports whose wild popularity he helped pioneer in the mid-1990s and early 2000 respectively. In a large house on a cliff buffeted by winds, Naish spoke to The Red Bulletin about lessons learned in a life lived selfishly and passionately.

“I had such bad butterflies I was t h r ow i n g up in my mouth”

Naish’s company makes equipment for windsurfing, kitesurfing and stand-up paddleboarding

“I WAS N E V E R THE TECHNICAL G U Y. I C O U L D N ’ T CHANGE A TYRE ON MY BICYCLE” team sports. I’m not a super-social guy; I like to do stuff by myself, so it really clicked a switch in me. Some people can go and ride for six hours. I go out and I power through, and then I get off. The way I ride, that’s long enough. If I ride any longer I’m probably going to hurt myself. I’m not just cruising around and coming into the beach to hang out with my friends and socialise and then go out for another session.

MONEY HAS ALWAYS BEEN IMPORTANT to me. My mom once told someone, “Robby probably doesn’t have the first nickel he ever earned, but he probably knows where he spent it.” I don’t, but it was a good sort of analogy to how I’ve been with money my whole life. I always put the prize money from the competitions I won in the bank. Coming up with the money for my first board was the hardest part. I took my life savings, we sold a sailing boat, and I took my half of the money. I airbrushed T-shirts, I made and sold shell necklaces and I babysat. I was sort of the neighbourhood babysitter for while, which is weird for a boy. I did all that and then in 1975, I bought my first windsurfer for US$340. Back then it was a lot of money.

THE WATER IS AN ENVIRONMENT that is totally out of your comfort zone, and it’s always changing – it’s always different every time you go out. Anything that brings people outside is a good thing, but putting them into the ocean, or even on any kind of water – if it’s a lake or a river or whatever – is even better. It’s just cleansing: it’s good for you, it’s kind of a mind, body, spirit thing. That little lake behind your house that you’ve never even bothered to go out on because it doesn’t look inviting – you go out there on a stand-up paddleboard, which looks like the most boring thing ever, and you’ll see the world from a different perspective. 47

Naish, the early years: born in San Diego, California, his father, Rick, was a teacher and a passionate surfer who moved the family to Hawaii when Naish was five. Eight years later he was a windsurfing world champion

in the Bahamas, we had no idea at that point if I was faster or slower than the competition. But I had a huge advantage when the wind was light because I was so light. So I had the combination of being light and having really good speed, but also being good because I lived here and I could go all the time. Some of the older guys were definitely put off. In fact, it was the last year that they ever had an overall world champion. The next year they had weight classes.

I WAS NEVER ONE OF THOSE GUYS that would stand on a podium, throw my trophy in the air and go, “Yeah!” Humility was really, really important to me. I didn’t want to be that guy who everybody hated because I was winning. But I hated losing with such a passion, and the more I got through my career, especially when I had won so much, 48

“IT’S GOOD TO GET KICKED IN T H E FAC E O N C E IN A WHILE” that fear of coming up short got more and more profound. I ended up getting to the point where I had such bad butterflies I was throwing up in my mouth before heats. Like, literally getting sick from the adrenalin. In a way, it’s good that you know that you’re still taking it seriously even 25 years into your career. That it’s not like, “Oh well, whatever happens, happens. I’ve won, and if I lose, whatever, it’s somebody else’s

turn.” It was never like that. If you do it right you are going to get to a point where you know the only way someone is going to be able to beat you is if you make a mistake by letting him beat you. And not because it’s easy. It’s just because you worked that much harder than anybody else to get to that point. You have to be willing to sacrifice whatever is going to come between you and that zone, which is friends and family, and fun, and chicks, and parties. You have to be really, really selfish.

I BECAME A FATHER AT 18. That’s young, but I was older than a lot of 18-year-olds. I was obviously so selfcentred in my early days that [eldest daughter] Nani didn’t get the time that, say, my six-year-old daughter Christina is getting today, but the time we had together was really good. When I came home I had all the time in the world. We THE RED BULLETIN



In 2002, Naish entered windsurfing’s Hall of Fame




I’VE NEVER BEEN A GOAL SETTER. I’ve never thought things like, ‘I’m going to try and win that and once I win it I’m going to become a golfer or something.’ I’ve never had aspirations to do anything else. The whole time I was just trying to set myself up so there was a future next week or next month or next year. Like, if somehow it would continue I’d put myself in the best possible position to continue it. Since I was 20 years old,

people have been asking me, “When am I going to retire?” And I just say to them, “I am retired. I do what people do when they retire.”

BJÖRN DUNKERBECK’S FIRST SEASON on the tour was in 1987. You could tell that kid was going to be really good when he grew into his feet. And so he quickly grew into his feet, and it was the good-against-evil rivalry for years to come. He was quiet and a little bit THE RED BULLETIN


were so close in age that we would play. I don’t have regrets. I don’t have this glaring scar in my memory that I should have done something differently. She grew up to be an incredible person, and I think the relationship that we had is what it is and it was fantastic and she loves me, and I love her. Nobody is perfect, but I like my flaws, you know, and the times that I’ve fallen down I think were reasonable. It’s good to get kicked in the face once in a while.

Naish relaxed – unlike his first years in business

population” written in white letters. You flipped the page and it was introducing Naish kitesurfing. That’s the way we approached it. It’s dangerous, people are going to die doing this, it’s super extreme. Obviously, the equipment has developed and it’s become a much more accessible sport.

I LOST SLEEP OVER STARTING my company. I didn’t want to do it. I liked being responsible for only myself. I knew it was taking some of that away; I was going to add this layer of responsibility, tying me to other people and, boy, it was hard, but it’s one of the most rewarding and, at the same time, one of the scariest parts of my life right now. The decisions that I make now affect the livelihoods of 40-something people and their families. But I still have flexibility; nobody is telling me what to do. I’m not accountable to a bunch of people. And that, to me, is really valuable, more valuable than growing the brand and cashing in and getting my US$15 million paycheck and moving to Florida and going golfing or whatever people want to do when they retire.


arrogant, with a little bit of Dolph Lundgren in his persona. He wasn’t really nice with the public. It was a perfect sort of good guy-bad guy thing, and I played the good guy. It was good for me because it pushed my career. It pushed me to get more into the technical aspects of the sport. I was never the technical guy. I couldn’t even change a tyre on my bicycle. I liked to ride. You could give me anything and I could ride. I could get my bike over the hill on one wheel, round the corner, down the street and all the way to the beach. I could wheelie longer than anyone. I could ride a skateboard better than anyone. But ask me to fix anything and I’d give it to my brother or someone else.

KITESURFING WAS THIS PERFECT transition as I was ready to stop windsurfing competitively. I was still doing the World Cup in 1998 when we started kitesurfing. You need a certain amount of wind in 52

“ I H AV E FLEXIBILITY – NO ONE IS TELLING ME W H AT TO D O ” windsurfing to get high-performance riding out of it, especially when you’ve been doing it as long as I have. Kiting brought high performance into that realm of bad conditions. You didn’t need that much wind to boost on your kite and ride waves. So it extended the amount of time you could have fun and get air.

THE VERY FIRST ADVERTISEMENT my company did for kiting, was a black page with “Absolutely positively the wrong sport for 99.9% of the world’s

be grounded and I’m sure in my wife Katy’s eyes, I’m not around anywhere near enough. They want to hang out on the beach and build more sandcastles and stuff, but it’s not in my nature to fluff the nest. I’ve done really good. But it is really out of my nature to be a family guy. It takes a lot to get me upset. My wife used to say, “Oh, you are a pushover. You let people walk all over you.” She always used to say that and, after 22 years, she realises why. Because if you are going to go through every day letting every little thing upset you and try to stand your ground on every guy that you meet, you are going to miserable.

I TELL THE YOUNGER GENERATION, if somebody is going to pay you a dollar to do something like windsurfing, you are like the luckiest guy in the world. So you’ve got to do everything you can to perpetuate it. I’m a pretty good example that if you play your cards right, you approach your life right and you are lucky, then you could do this forever. Watch Robby Naish tear up the waves off Hawaii in the The Red Bulletin tablet edition. Download it now for free THE RED BULLETIN

FLIPPING OUT Red Bull X-Fighters Mixing traditional bike skills with the sort of aerobatic trickery normally reserved for things with wings, freestyle motocross isn’t for the faint-hearted, in the saddle or in the grandstands

Ring Master

Levi Sherwood shows his moves in the Plaza de Toros Monumental bullring in Mexico City


Words: Justin Hynes


Season Opener This year, for the seventh time, Red Bull X-Fighters visits Mexico. With a maximum capacity of 38,000, tickets for the bullring fly as fast as bikes

sk freestyle motocross star Josh Sheehan what makes him power a motorcycle up a 3m-high ramp, launch himself another 7m into the air and then let go of the bike, and he’s momentarily lost for words, as if the question is almost irrelevant. “I don’t know. I think the main thing for me is showing off,” says the Australian, who counts an X Games Best Trick bronze medal among his achievements. “Going out in front of 10,000 people and being able to amaze them and wow them is what it’s all about. That’s the thing really – entertaining people.” 56

It’s an oddly simple explanation of a complex and dangerous pursuit that last year saw Sheehan recover from major shoulder surgery only then to break his neck in a training accident. But that’s the nature of the entertainment at FMX’s top level where, in a competition such as the Red Bull X-Fighters World Tour series, the excitement comes from the danger inherent in riders leaping 25m gaps while turning somersaults over the saddle, or rolling the motorcycle through two full rotations while 10m above the ground. Red Bull X-Fighters, which recently kicked off its 2013

“This series is about finding the best of the best”

Gentlemen, start your engines

Big Air Ports After a fiery start in Mexico City, Red Bull X-Fighters is lining up five other hot spots for some FMX action Dubai (UAE)

APRIL 12 For the third year running, Dubai takes its place on the calendar, though this time the action moves from Jumeirah Beach to an all-new location close to the Burj Khalifa. At both previous events, the victor (Dany Torres in 2011; Levi Sherwood last year) has won the overall title. Most recent winner: Levi Sherwood (NZ) – 2012

Andre Villa of Norway (left) and Australian Robbie Maddison celebrate

Glen Helen (USA)

MAY 11 The legendary Californian motocross track will feature for the second year in a row. Last year, tour rookie Todd Potter took victory on the biggest and most technical course the series had ever seen. Most recent winner: Todd Potter (USA) – 2012


Osaka (JPN)

championship with a round in Mexico City and which next heads to Dubai on April 12, is a heady mix of grand spectacle, skill and very tangible danger. However, for many riders it’s exactly those attributes that make the Red Bull X-Fighters World Tour the competition everyone wants to be a part of. “Red Bull X-Fighters is the championship where only the best riders in the world take part,” says 2011 tour champion Dany Torres. “We all want to win, so generally we don’t hold back, we give our all on each ride.” The extremes to which riders go in order to be the THE RED BULLETIN

best have been increasing at an exponential rate, according to Red Bull X-Fighters sporting director Tes Sewell. “It’s shocking how quickly the sport has progressed,” he says. “In 2010, a double backflip was almost unfathomable, but now you’ve got guys like Josh Sheehan putting them down like they’re an everyday occurrence. In the past two years, the series has seen everything conceivable. You now have backflips, front flips, all the huge combinations, plus the body varials [where the rider rotates over the bike in the air], 360s and so on. Those weren’t even on the menu two years ago. “The way the sport is now, a rider has to bring the big tricks into play at every competition,” he adds. “It’s no longer good enough to have perfect technique, you have to have the body varials and everything else as well. Plus, the riders have to work these

tricks into a run. Not so long ago, a lot of these tricks were only done in isolation at best trick competitions. In Red Bull X-Fighters they’re being done as part of a sequence of other equally complex tricks. “It puts a lot of pressure on the guys, but, honestly, that’s what they thrive on,” he concludes. “They all want to be the best, and if they get everything right, then they’ll stand on top of the podium and know they were the best rider on the night. That’s what the series is about, finding the best of the best.” Levi Sherwood’s first victory in 2009

JUNE 1 For the series’ first visit to Japan, the organisers have pulled off a coup and the competition will be held in the shadow of Osaka’s historic castle. Most recent winner: None

Madrid (ESP)

JULY 19 The Plaza de Toros de las Ventas is a regular Red Bull X-Fighters venue. The atmospheric bullring is now the spiritual home of the series. Most recent winner: Levi Sherwood (NZ) – 2012

Pretoria (RSA)

SEPTEMBER 7 South Africa features for the first time on the tour. The series has had a presence in Pretoria before, however, with a demonstration in the city’s Hatfield Square in 2011. This time, the riders will battle for the title in front of the city’s Union Building, the official seat of the South African government. Most recent winner: None

Double Backflip Australian Cameron Sinclair became the chief exponent of this spectacular and incredibly difficult move. Having first landed it in a competition run in the Texas round of Red Bull X-Fighters in 2009, Sinclair was reminded that such tricks were still not without heavy risk when, a year later, in Madrid, he almost lost his life when he under-rotated the trick and crashed heavily. Since then, the move has been perfected by a number of riders, most notably Sinclair’s fellow Aussie Josh Sheehan, who landed two during his 2011 run to victory at Red Bull X-Fighters Sydney. Sinclair, meanwhile, continues to push the boundaries of the trick by adding elements, such as a nac nac variation (where the rider partially dismounts the bike while upside down) at X Games 17 in 2011.

BLUE-SKY THINKING FMX’s latest moves combine ingenuity, skill and more than a pinch of fearless ambition. Red Bull X-Fighters is one of the sport’s major trick incubators When Tom Pagès kicked his Yamaha YZ 250 bike into a tight, flat spin off a short dirt jump at last year’s Munich round of the Red Bull X-Fighters World Tour, to land the series’ first-ever flair trick, it confirmed two things: first that the Frenchman had finally arrived on the big stage in grand style; and second, that the sport had once again been kicked up a technical notch. The trick, allied to a host of other cutting-edge moves performed on the night, won Pagès the German round of 58

the series and pushed him to the top of the overall standings. But while it earned the Frenchman a moment in the sun, the warm glow was all too brief as the sport applauded and then moved on to the next big trick in development. The simple fact is that while FMX has always been about the thrill of the new, in recent years, the pace of trick development has spiralled and he sport has become an acrobatic arms race in which big, bold and bone-crunching are the only currencies.

Front Flip

Prior to developing the Special Flip, Tom Pagès had, along with brother Charles, been best known for devoting years to landing the elusive front flip in competition. Neither was successful. The trick is just as it sounds, a move in which the rider takes off and then throws the front wheel down, attempting to pull the rear of the bike up and over in time for a clean landing. It was left to Australia’s Jackson Strong to become the first rider to land the trick in competition, first as a one-off in the Best Trick category at X Games 17 in 2011, and then at Red Bull X-Fighters as part of a full competition run last year in Sydney.


Special Flip Pushing the boundaries of FMX trickery is Tom Pagès ongoing mission. In 2012, he unveiled a killer move at Red Bull X-Fighters Madrid – the special flip. In this trick, Pagès keeps the bike upright, but in the middle of the jump dismounts and, incredibly, turns a full somersault in the air before grabbing hold of the motorcycle again as it drops towards the ground.

Flair Tom Pagès is not backward in coming forward. According to Red Bull X-Fighters sporting director Tes Sewell, the Frenchman specifically requested that a ramp be built for him to attempt the trick. “Tom came to us and said he had a new trick he wanted to try and could we build a ramp to accommodate that. We said sure and he delivered the flair in Munich, which was just fantastic. He brought something extra last year, which was great.” The trick sees the rider attack a steep, short ramp and then when airborne kick the bike horizontally through one and a half rotations – 540 degrees – before landing.


The Volt

Once the double backflip became common currency, riders turned their attention to tricks known as body varials, in which the competitor leaves the bike and rotates his body above it while airborne. At Red Bull X-Fighters in Madrid in 2010, rising star Clinton Moore landed a body varial in the preliminary rounds before Robbie Maddison thrilled the Spanish crowd with his version, the volt, in the final rounds. However, even after nailing the move, in which he spins his body upright through 360 degrees, Maddo was circumspect about the achievement. “It goes against every other trick we do on the bike,” he said. “It feels strange. Even though I’ve done it a few times to dirt, it still scares me every time I go for it.”

Ones to Watch in 2013 Five riders looking for a share of the limelight this year Tom Pagès

FRANCE YAMAHA YZ 250 A peripheral figure on the Red Bull X-Fighters scene until last year, when he wowed judges by largely foregoing flip tricks in favour of an inventive package of new moves and trick variations. Finished as runner-up to Levi Sherwood by 20 points.

Dany Torres

SPAIN KTM SX 250 The 2011 tour winner. Quiet and reserved off-course he’s tigerish in the heat of battle and has finished in the tour top three overall five times since making his debut in 2004, at the age of 17. Will challenge again in 2013.

Josh Sheehan

Maikel Melero

SPAIN YAMAHA YZ 250 Made his series debut in a young guns’ shoot-out in Spain in 2010, where he won through to the main event, then progressed to the quarterfinals. Scored a career-best third place in Madrid last year. Could 2013 be his breakthrough?

Rob Adelberg

AUSTRALIA YAMAHA YZ 250 Another big talent rolling off the seemingly unstoppable conveyor belt of Australian FMX riders, he has all the skills to make a big impact this year. Fit again after being hampered by a string of injuries over the past two years.

CRUISE CONTROL Red Bull X-Fighters champion Levi Sherwood is that rare

thing: a natural talent who can harness the best of himself Levi Sherwood peppers his conversation the words ‘casual’ and ‘cruise’, revealing him to be a champion whose sporting gifts are extravagant enough that winning is easiest when he relaxes and feels his way. Fellow FMX star and Red Bull X-Fighters rival Josh Sheehan explains it best: “Levi looks awesome on the bike,” says Sheehan. “He’s got such a natural style. He does these big tricks but makes them look effortless.” For Sherwood, who took his first Red Bull X-Fighters crown last year, at the age of

21, that easy style is simply an extension of his personality. “I like to keep it casual,” he says of his approach to the world’s toughest freestyle competition. “Some people practise tricks every day – I go for a ride every other day. If I’m not having a good day, I’ll just cruise. If I’m having a good day, I’ll make the most of it. If that all seems too simple, then the rider from the small town of Palmerston North, on New Zealand’s North Island, is at pains to insist that he has paid his dues in the sport. “I’ve been doing freestyle for 12

years. I’ve put the hard work in, but I’ve come to learn it’s all in my head,” he says. “Me on a good day, I’ll win. Me on a bad day, I’ll be ninth or 10th. That’s why I won last year. I had more good days than bad.” The biggest struggle the young champion has faced so far came in 2011, practising for a show in Las Vegas. On the take-off of a trick, Sherwood’s bike slipped into neutral and, lacking the power to make the distance, he was forced to abort the move. The resulting crash left him with a broken left wrist, two broken


AUSTRALIA HONDA 450CRF Finished third at Red Bull X-Fighters in Rome in 2011 and topped off the year by winning his home event in Sydney with a run featuring two double backflips. Blighted by injury in 2012, but should be right up there again this year.

Reigning champ: a confident Sherwood will be hard to beat this year


“ The crash in Vegas changed everything. It taught me to weigh things up. Last year, I didn’t take risks if I didn’t need to” vertebrae, and damage to his lungs, liver and kidney. “The crash in Vegas changed everything,” he says. “Riding is just 10 years of my life, and that crash taught me to think about things more and weigh up what I need to do to win. Last year, I didn’t take risks if I didn’t need to.” After discarding the need to push himself over the limit, success followed. How far Sherwood can take that cruise remains to be seen, but Sheehan has a few ideas. “Levi is so consistent and he’s got the confidence from winning last year,” he says. “He knows what it takes to win the series, so he’ll be hard to beat. He’s so damn confident now. He’s got a long road ahead of him.”

Ramping it up: Sherwood has built a freestyle track at his home in New Zealand LeviSherwoodFMX THE RED BULLETIN


world champions

of clever Mind games in Armenia, the brainiest country in the world, where chess is the national sport and taught in schools. The secret of their grandmasters’ success? Desire, fish and honey Words: Andreas Rottenschlager Photography: Daniel Gebhart de Koekkoek


European U12 chess champion Haik Martirosyan in Yerevan, Armenia

Housing estate in Yerevan


he Republic of Armenia is tucked between Turkey and Azerbaijan on the southern slopes of the Caucasus mountains, a barren, mountainous country home to 3.2 million people. The travel guides call it the land of stones. Per capita, the country’s gross domestic product is US$3,231 – less than in Swaziland and Iraq. It is also the brain sport centre of the world. Armenia are the reigning world team champions in chess. At the world championship in 2011, this David of a mountainous microstate beat Goliath China, with a population, at 1.3 billion, about 420 times larger. In 2012, Armenia won the Chess Olympiad in Istanbul, an open tournament against 149 other nations. The superpower Russia came second. “Chess wonder” was a headline in the 64


Black Sea




Caspian Sea

Tehran SYRIA Baghdad



THE MOUNTAINOUS MICROSTATE Armenia, at 29,800km² (ranking 142 in the list of the world’s 249 nation states, countries and territories), has the second worst economy in the world according to a 2011 report in Forbes magazine. It has two export successes: chess players and cognac. THE RED BULLETIN


Armenian press. “The cleverest nation on earth,” said the BBC. But how do the Armenians do it? How does such a poor, tiny country produce the smartest brain athletes? Can you use your grey matter to play your way out of your position in life?


Armenia’s capital, Yerevan, is nestled in a broad valley 1,200m above sea level. Grey concreted houses and apartment blocks dominate the suburbs. In downtown Yerevan, with its architecturally OTT municipal buildings from the Soviet era, old Lada taxis grind their way through the streets with horns honking. Chess became a national sport here when Armenian grandmaster Tigran Petrosian became world chess champion in 1963. THE RED BULLETIN

‘Iron Tigran’ died in 1984 a national hero. He still gets his face on postage stamps. At the Yerevan Chess Centre, the home of the Armenian Chess Federation in central Yerevan, the current Armenian national champion sits in a wood-panelled office. His name: Tigran L Petrosian. “My dad named me after the world champion,” he explains. “Of course, the name is also a burden.” Petrosian is 28 years old and plays for the national chess team. He is a quiet man with a round face. “Armenia and chess,” he says. “It’s like Brazil and football.” Petrosian is like a pop star in his home country. His image is emblazoned on billboards; children ask for his autograph. When the national chess team returned from the Olympiad last 65

Armenian national chess champion Tigran L Petrosian

autumn, the country’s president, Serzh Sargsyan, was waiting at the airport. Armenia craves heroes. The trauma of the genocide that happened to its people during World War I still affects the country. At the end of 1990s, it was rocked by a serious economic crisis. Chess players instil national pride: from a battered land to a world power in mind games. “I would like to see chess as an art form,” says Petrosian, “but it’s a struggle. You train for months prior to a big tournament. Then you play for 10 days at a world-class level, seven hours a day – and one wrong move can destroy everything.” Armenia’s national team is under constant scrutiny. Their games are discussed on television; teenagers throughout the country strive to emulate them. When 66

qualification tournaments are held in Yerevan’s great halls, hundreds of children ponder over their chessboards. In each hall is a strained silence, the only sound is of chess clocks ticking. Petrosian trains using computer databases of five million chess matches. He analyses the end games. The champion is known for his aggressive style: “You sacrifice chessmen to accelerate the game.” He claims he can replay from memory roughly half of the 5,000 professional games he has played to now. “Fish and honey,” he grins, when asked to explain his powers of recall. “They stimulate the power of thought.” As a chess grandmaster, Petrosian receives a monthly salary from the state, which he says he can live off; winning

CHESS COUNTRY With 34 grandmasters in a population of 3.2 million, Armenia has one of the highest densities of chess greats in the world. China, with 1.3 billion people, has 31 grandmasters, while the USA has 77 out of 315 million people. In Armenia, chess grandmasters receive a salary from the state. The chairman of the National Chess Federation is Serzh Sargsyan, the Armenian president. THE RED BULLETIN


Armenia’s national chess team on a billboard in Yerevan. The slogan reads “true heroes”



THE WORLD AS A BOARD Chess has existed since around 600AD. Today, 177 countries fight for team and individual titles overseen by FIDE, the world chess federation. India’s Vishy Anand, 43, has been world champion since 2007. Magnus Carlsen, 22, from Norway, is regarded as the world’s best player. In February 2103, he achieved the highest-ever FIDE rating of 2,872. Chess’s ‘match of the century’ was the world championship of 1972, between Bobby Fischer (USA) and Boris Spassky (USSR), with the world gripped by the metaphoric clash of Cold War superpowers. Experts estimate the number of possible positions in a game to 2.28 x 1045. Cuban José Raul Capablanca, world champion from 1921-27, worked it out thus: “I only think one move ahead, but it is always the right one.”



Above: Armenian chess textbook for elementary school Left: Smbat Lputian in the garden of his chess academy: “Chess is as important as reading and writing”

tournaments means he can afford to drive an SUV of the Infiniti brand, Nissan’s luxury marque. His goals for the future are “to become world champion. Perhaps a second Olympiad title. The Armenian people need our victories.”



Shengavit, a residential suburb of Yerevan, is the last place you would expect to find a world-class training centre for anything. Dreary prefabricated houses dominate the surrounding area: gaping potholes in the road; angry, growling dogs slink through the streets. Right here, at 34 Shevchenko Street, is the two-storey headquarters of the Armenian Chess Academy, with its unpainted concrete walls and a neatly mown lawn. The school for elite players is the only new building in the neighbourhood, and the realm of its director, Smbat Lputian. “During the economic crisis [in the 1990s] many top trainers left the country,” says the 55-year-old chess grandmaster. “We were at risk of losing all of our talent.” Lputian founded the academy in 2002. He then travelled around the country, organising tournaments and asking chess masters to join him. The academy now has about 1,000 students, aged from 5-18 years old, at 47 branches across Armenia. “One or two will become world class,” says Lputian. All of them had to play chess to a very high standard to get a place at the academy. The state pays for their tuition. Of Armenia’s 34 current grandmasters, seven studied THE RED BULLETIN

here. “Armenians make the best out of their situation,” says Lputian, “no matter how bad their chances are.” It is why, he says, the Armenian chess miracle continues. The state support would amount to little without the desire to overcome circumstance of those who receive it. In addition to the elite support for the highly gifted players, the government

THE GREATEST Armenia’s national hero, Tigran Petrosian (below), was born on June 17, 1929. His parents died during World War II, and as a teenager, he swept streets in the day and devoured chess books at night. He became the then youngest-ever grandmaster in 1952, and on May 20, 1963, beat Russia’s Mikhail Botvinnik to become the ninth official world chess champion. Petrosian died in 1984.

has set up broader funding. In 2011, Armenia became the world’s first country to introduce chess as a compulsory subject in schools. Since then, children aged 7-10 have learned how to sacrifice pawns and overthrow kings. “Chess is as important as reading and writing,” says Lputian, who developed the national curriculum in conjunction with educational psychologists, and who has overseen the training of 1,800 chess teachers who have taught it in the Armenian school system. “Children learn to bear the consequences of their actions.” The director is very proud of his academy. He strides through the massive tournament hall (“with grandstands for the press”), shows off the hotel rooms for guest players (“including sauna”) and the gym in the basement (“no success without fitness”). Lputian is an introverted man whose facial expressions rarely reveal what he is thinking. During the tour of his academy, a broad smile is fixed on his face.


Armenia’s potentially greatest chess player is a skinny 12-year-old with short hair and bright eyes. Haik Martirosyan was twice European U12 chess champion, and six days a week, he and his mother, Ayser, squeeze into a minibus taxi, alongside 11 other people, for the hour-long, 50km journey to Yerevan. He has three fourhour after-school coaching sessions per week at the chess academy, where he and two other students are trained by a grandmaster, and the same amount of time with a personal coach at home. Haik learned to play chess when he was six years old. “At some point we noticed that he always beat his older opponents,” says his mother, who has given up her work as a nurse to fully support her son’s burgeoning chess career. “He simply wasn’t afraid to make risky moves. He should become a grandmaster as soon as possible.” Haik already answers interview questions like a pro. Standing outside the academy, he clasps his hands behind his back, shirt tucked neatly into his trousers. What do you like about chess? “It is a game for your brain.” Do you sit in front of a chessboard all day? “No, I play football.” Who is your chess hero? “Petrosian, the world champion.” With that, he goes inside the academy to study. On the lesson plan for today: how to open a game. His next big tournament is approaching fast.



Back in the saddle The Cheshire lass was hotly tipped for BMX glory at London 2012, but couldn’t join the Team GB medal parade. Now, with lessons learned and victory in sight again, can she commit to winning Olympic gold in a different event?

“Pass me a jumper!” shouts Shanaze Reade, across an indoor BMX arena in Manchester. “It’s freezing!” It’s not often you see Reade sitting on a ramp rather than riding it. She’s posing for a photo shoot at the National Cycling Centre, where cold isn’t a consideration when she’s training, pumping her BMX pedals at impossible speed. It will be business as usual here for the 24-year-old at the end of April, when the NCC stages the first round of the UCI BMX Supercross World Cup, a competition that Reade is hoping to win for the third time. The indoor track is Europe’s largest, and perhaps its most challenging, but Reade has been riding BMX tracks since she was five years old. “This place is worlds apart from where I started,” she says, with a wry laugh. “At the track in Crewe, riders’ mothers would shine their car headlights so we could compete in winter.” Reade’s down-to-earth affability belies her incredible success. Aged 11, she was standing on the podium alongside 25-year-olds in UK BMX racing’s senior women’s category; at 17, she won the national 19-and-over elite men’s class. “I got a lot of crap from the elite men I raced,” she says. “During a race they used to try and take me out, but I wasn’t put off, I loved it. It showed me I was getting to them.” She also has three world BMX titles to her name, as well as two track cycling world championships, in the team sprint event, won with Victoria Pendleton. Yet there is a gap in her substantial trophy collection. At the Beijing Olympics in 2008, Reade crashed on the last corner in the final, attempting a daring move, which left her with nerve damage to 70

Photography: Shamil Tanna

her hand, a torn hamstring, a damaged shoulder and a displaced pelvis. Last year, at the London Games, having entered as a favourite, she finished in a disappointing sixth place. “At London, I probably chose the wrong start lane, and got a bad start. That happens in

“Injuries are part of the sport. If you finish your career with no injuries, you’ve not pushed hard enough” BMX,” she says. “It hasn’t been a case of just getting back on my bike and getting on with it – it was a big knock to my confidence. But I’ve dealt with it.” Reade has learned plenty about dealing with defeat since 2008. Her Beijing result almost ended her career. “I felt like I’d forgotten how to ride in

Beijing,” she says. “I know it’s only sport, but I felt like part of me died when I crashed. When I got home, I didn’t want to see a bike ever again. I just wanted a predictable nine-to-five job.” It took months of sitting alone in her room for Reade to come around. “Chris Hoy and Victoria Pendleton had told me to see the Olympics as just another race,” she says, “but it took an Olympics for me to understand that. In London, I didn’t mentally fall apart like I did at Beijing, so it made it easier to get over.” As much as Reade has learned to see the Rio Olympics as ‘just another race’, she doesn’t try to hide her hunger for the one prize that eludes her. She may even be willing to switch bikes to do it. “My career will be pretty much over after Rio,” she says. “And I need that Olympic medal. I’m considering going back to track cycling to get it. I only got into it to become a better BMX rider, but I’ve given BMX two unsuccessful shots already. I’m not saying track cycling is easier, but it’s more predictable. I’m going to go for it hard in BMX this year, then make a decision.” Despite the knocks Reade has taken to her confidence, not to mention her body (in addition to her Beijing injuries, Reade has broken a knee, an elbow, bones in both feet and hands, numerous ribs and her coccyx) she’s back with her do-or-die attitude intact. “Injuries are part of the sport,” she says. “If you finish your career with no injuries, you’ve not pushed yourself hard enough. I want to look back, at 60, with no regrets, to know I gave absolutely everything.” She pauses, then grins: “Ideally I’ll be in a rocking chair with that Olympic medal around my neck saying ‘I did it!’” THE RED BULLETIN


Words: Ruth Morgan

Born September 23, 1988, Crewe, England Honour Roll BMX: elite women’s world champion, 2007, 2008, 2010. Track cycling: team sprint (with Victoria Pendleton) world champion 2007, 2008; silver 2009 Humble origins Reade’s first BMX was a hire bike costing her £1 a day. At her first track in Crewe “some of the jumps had bricks sticking out, parts of it were always flooded. But in a way it helped: it meant that when we went to good tracks, we were great.”

Hungry for gold: Shanaze Reade is hoping to complete her trophy cabinet at the Rio Olympics


Germany’s STG/NRV Youth Team cuts through San Francisco Bay on an AC45 catamaran


The greatest catamarans, the best sailors, the biggest boat race in the world: every ambitious yachtsman d r e a m s o f o n e d a y t a k i n g p a r t i n t h e A m e r i c a ’s Cup. A select group of young men are one step away from making that dream come true W O R D S : A n n D o n a h u e P H O T O G R A P H Y: B a l a z s G a r d i


In the first hours of daylight,Pier 80 in San Francisco is a quiet place. Sea lions emerge from the water, peep up at the huge cranes on the dock, then slip back into the depths. The giant industrial-age machinery that moves gravel from one mountainous pile to another at the nearby Pier 94 is silent. At 9am, the teams competing in the Selection Series of the Red Bull Youth America’s Cup arrive in black SUVs after being chauffeured from hotels downtown. The peace of the dilapidated dock is broken by the sailors’ conviviality and back-and-forth bickering – “Screw you, weirdo” echoes through the docks – and blaring remixes of ’80s pop tunes. There is a reason for this noise, of course. The Red Bull Youth America’s Cup teams are made up of men between the ages of 18 and 24, and if someone hasn’t honed their loudmouth bluster during their formative college years, the planet has completely shifted off its axis. Yet their ability to make a racket is also an asset. Two hours from now, the young sailors will be crashing through whitecaps of San Francisco Bay at upwards of 35 knots as they race next to each other on state-of-the-art 45ft catamarans. Making sure the directions issued by their bellowing voices can be heard over the wind, the snap of huge sails and the thump of a 1.4-tonne boat can be the difference between success and failure. The Red Bull Youth America’s Cup is the brainchild of Austrian sailors 74

Hans-Peter Steinacher and Roman Hagara, who won the gold medal in the Tornado class at the 2000 and 2004 Olympics. For many years, the barrier to entry into the America’s Cup was prohibitively high. It required a network of top-level yacht-club connections – a world not generally open to people without a III or IV after their surname – or an Olympic medal to get into the race. With the start of the youth edition of the event, there is now a more egalitarian auditioning process for the big leagues,

providing access to top-of-the-range boats and professional coaching. In February, youth sailors from 12 countries competed in the Selection Series, which determined which five teams will advance to the final, to be held in September in San Francisco. The Selection Series is set up to mimic the intensity of participating in the full-scale America’s Cup, including arduous gym sessions and harrowing instructive sails on the AC45, the most elite class of catamaran in regular use. Teams are judged on their sailing ability, THE RED BULLETIN

Teams get together for a briefing each morning at Pier 80 (left) before moving to the gym at Oracle Team USA (above) or sailing on San Francisco Bay. The intensity is high. A week here is more beneficial than three years unsupervised training, say the coaches

fitness and professionalism. “In the one week of the Selection Series, they’ll learn more than they can learn in three or four years of training,” says Steinacher. In the Red Bull Youth America’s Cup, the catamarans are donated by senior America’s Cup teams, but the determination and teamwork of the youth sailors is all their own. “It’s an opportunity we never would have had,” says 19-year-old Matt Whitehead, skipper for South Africa’s i’KaziKati team. “To come over here and learn how much it takes for the professional 75

Sailing in the shadow of the Golden Gate Bridge




"IT MEANS ALL OUR DREAMS COME TRUE" W i l l T i l l e r, S k i p p e r, F u l l M e t a l Jacket Racing team sailors to succeed, it’s just an awesome experience. No words can describe how much this means to us.” aniel Bjørnholt Christensen, 18, is skipper of the Danish Youth Vikings. The week has taken its toll on the team. They unwisely decided to eat massive burritos just before a training session in a gym at the nearby Oracle Team USA hangar. And it wasn’t just any burrito, but a “really big, fat American burrito”, explains Christensen, as he gestures with his hands to emphasise the immense size of the meal. After speedwinching a 45kg weight across the floor, the burrito didn’t sit well with one of his teammates. “We had a little accident,” he says. “We did the test and we were tired, but we were OK. But one guy started throwing up and then a few others did the same.” The sailors here are taking their participation in this event seriously, but it’s clearly also a different beast to the senior America’s Cup, with its turned-up collars on pastel-coloured polo shirts and affected British-American hybrid accents. For 25 years, the America’s Cup has been won by teams from one of three countries: the USA, Switzerland or New Zealand. The diversity that the junior edition brings to the sport is immediately apparent. Apart from THE RED BULLETIN


RED BULL YOUTH AMERICA'S CUP South Africa and Denmark, countries participating include relative newcomers like Argentina and Portugal. “It just shows there was a real need for this,” says Russell Coutts, CEO of Oracle Team USA and four-time winner of the America’s Cup. “When you look at the America’s Cup before, it was the pinnacle of the firmament of sailing. But there wasn’t a way to feed that firmament.” The Red Bull Youth America’s Cup shares a pier with the hangar where Oracle Team USA is building their boat for the 2013 America’s Cup. It’s the first time the professional class has raced the AC72 catamaran, a 72ft behemoth, with a 10-storey sail and a hull that looks like a menacing extraterrestrial claw. As the youth teams hold their morning briefings, the sailors keep stealing glances over to the immense boat as it is gingerly lowered via a massive crane into the bay. “When I was young and I saw the America’s Cup, it was a dream to be like those guys,” says 23-year-old


“ I T ’S A N AW E S O M E E X P E R I E N C E ” M a t t W h i t e h e a d , Te a m i ' K a z i K a t i S k i p p e r


The Red Bull Youth America’s Cup Selection Series begins with 12 teams. Six crews race against each other in the first week of competition and the final six compete the following week. These February eliminators put five crews forward to meet seven more in the finals in September

Jonas Schagen, of Switzerland’s Team Tilt. “Now it’s me. But it’s going to take a lot of work to get to the next step. Our boats are like a toy compared to that.” The America’s Cup proper sets off from San Francisco on September 7, but by the time the 2016 edition comes around, some of the youth sailors competing here in the Selection Series could be on the boats. The Red Bull Youth America’s Cup helps sailors train their focus on the big prize. “When I first saw the pictures of the Oracle 72 catamaran on Facebook, I thought, ‘Oh my God, what is going on there?’” says Philipp Buhl, 23, skipper of the German STG/NRV Youth Team. “Two days ago we visited the base. They’re working 7am to 7pm, six days a week. There is great professionalism there.” Seven teams qualified for the Red Bull Youth America’s Cup by virtue of an affiliation with teams racing in the AC72 class; the Selection Series decides THE RED BULLETIN



the other five. Charlie Buckingham is skipper of Team USA45 Racing, mentored by Oracle Team USA. Over his first two days here, Buckingham, 23, is put through fitness tests and receives an introduction to the boat. “They pretty much handed us the keys and gave us little pointers here and there, but I think they really wanted to see who could figure it all out on their own,” he says. The result? “It feels under control if you and the crew are doing the right things,” he says. “We kept the boat upright. We wanted to make sure we didn’t push it too far – we didn’t want to just break the boat and then leave.” 80

t’s the first day of competition in the Selection Series. The sailors are working off their pre-race nerves by playing Formula One video games consoles set up outside the shipping containers where the teams store their gear. Having a few jitters is understandable, as not only is personal ambition at stake, but also a large measure of national pride. “Australia hasn’t really been a presence in the America’s Cup for years now,” says Objective Australia skipper Jason Waterhouse, 21. “This is really just showing that we mean business for sure. The AC45 is the best boat with the best

Selection Series racing took place in two places on San Francisco Bay: east of Alcatraz Island (right) and south of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge (above) THE RED BULLETIN

“ W E C O U L D H AV E H A D 2 0 T E A M S , E A S I LY. IT’S A GOAL FOR NEXT TIME” R o m a n H a g a r a , S p o r t D i r e c t o r, R e d B u l l Yo u t h A m e r i c a ‘ s C u p technology, and these are the best youth teams in the world. We’re going to do the best we can to put on a great show.” The catamarans hit the water just before noon. A dual-diesel-engine boat that can tear through the water at 50 knots pulls up to the dock. It serves as a chase boat, hauling out buoys and supplies for the teams, as well as taking a few members of the media for a white-knuckle ride. It’s a beast of a vessel, and one veteran sailing photographer nods approvingly as he boards. “I want a lot of boat between me and these guys,” he says. The youth sailors may have years of experience competing in college and national teams, but the AC45 is a different animal for them. The strength and agility required to sail it is jarring, even to the pros who regularly race the craft. The youth teams’ experience on the boat is limited to these few days of the Selection Series. “We did a lot of work before,” says Hanno Sohm, 23, a helmsman for the Austrian team. “We studied videos and spoke to people who have sailed the boat. But it’s different to knowing what you have to do, to then do it.” Out on the bay, the wind is starting to pick up. If you don’t face the gale, your sunglasses will be whipped THE RED BULLETIN

off your face. The boats are flying when they’re sailing straight, then coming unstuck as the teams attempt to navigate around the marker buoys. “The big thing is that everything happens so quickly,” says GBR Youth Challenge skipper James French, 20. “If you’re thinking about it, it’s too late.” At the end of the Selection Series, directors Peter Steinacher and Roman Hagara pick the five teams to join the other seven in the September finals. They are New Zealand’s Full Metal Jacket Racing, Objective Australia, Germany’s STG/NRV Youth Team, Switzerland’s Team Tilt and Portugal’s ROFF/Cascais Sailing Team, who came back from a near-capsize on their first day. Making the final decision was tough, Hagara says, and limited by the number of boats available, not by the talent of the teams. “We could have had 20 teams, easily,” he says. “It’s a goal for next time.” For the teams to qualify, it’s the culmination of ambitions that weren’t even imaginable just a year ago. “New Zealand has been involved in the America’s Cup since we’ve been born,” says Will Tiller, 23, skipper of the Full Metal Jacket Racing team. “Getting here and getting to do everything – it means all our dreams have come true.”




OV I M G N I H S C EY E- C AT C LUSI V E PHOTO EX Find a list of all compatible Android devices at

Not just the bike: US motocross champ Ryan Dungey on the stuff that makes him on page 86

Contents 84 TRAVEL A musical history tour of New York 86 GET THE GEAR Ryan Dungey’s motocross must-haves 88 WORK OUT Reaching new heights with climber Angy Eiter

Photography: Simon Cudby/Red Bull Content Pool

90 NIGHTLIFE Everything you need to get you through ’til dawn 94 THE SOUNDS OF 2013 Irish trio So Cow 96 SAVE THE DATE Events for the diary 97 KAINRATH Our cartoonist 98 MIND’S EYE Columnist Stephen Bayley




Aural history tour



If you’re a day tripper with an Empire state of mind, NYC is a pop music history mecca From where did the modern nightclub emerge? Where did Jimi Hendrix build his psychedelic recording studio? Where did the Ramones play their first concert? Where was the world’s first hip-hop party? Four questions, one answer: New York City. The Big Apple is the birthplace of many of popular music’s significant The Plan trends. Music is still a Committed fans West Bronx vital element of the city’s can do it in a day lifeblood. So it couldn’t be more appropriate for the Red Bull Music Academy to be opening its doors there Harlem on April 28, turning the city into a five-week festival of Manhattan musical creativity (see facing page). For the downtime Apollo Theater between sessions (in class Minton’s Playhouse and on stage), here is a travel Chelsea Brill Building guide for pop pilgrims. Listen to Red Bull Music Academy stars on the Red Bulletin tablet app. App and issues are free

Electric Lady CBGB Cafe Wha? The Loft 1520 Sedgwick Avenue


315 Bowery/Bleecker St Back in the day Punk was born here in 1974, with the Ramones’ first gig and early Television shows. Now CBGB made way for a fashion store in 2006, where fans can gaze in admiration at old concert posters and punk memorabilia. While there, listen to Ramones, Ramones.


Jimi Hendrix

Electric Lady

52 West 8th St Back in the day Jimi Hendrix’s recording studio, complete with psychedelic interiors, was built in 1970. He died just three months after it opened, but the studio lives on. Artists such as The Rolling Stones, David Bowie and Kings of Leon have recorded here. Now Musicians hoping for Hendrix magic can hire the studio from US$2,000 a day. While there, listen to The Cry Of Love, Jimi Hendrix.

Electric Lady: foxier on the inside

Minton’s Playhouse

210 West 118th St Back in the day Club regulars Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker and Thelonious Monk, invented bebop here in the 1940s during long jamming sessions. Now Currently closed. Due to reopen in June. While there, listen to Midnight At Minton’s, Don Byas.

Thelonius Monk (left)



The Ramones, at CBGB in 1977, during the time when they were effectively the club’s house band

Apollo Theater

Cafe Wha?

115 MacDougal Street Back in the day The 1960s hangout for beat poets and folk musicians. A 20-yearold Bob Dylan played his first New York concert here in January 1961, and even devoted a line in a song on his first album to Cafe Wha? – “Blowin’ my lungs out for a dollar day” – in reference to his many poorly paid performances as a harmonica player. Now Although the bar is now seen as a tourist trap, it’s worth going to on Thursday nights when young, talented bands take to the stage. While there, listen to Bob Dylan, Bob Dylan.

253 West 125th Street Back in the day Ella Fitzgerald, Stevie Wonder, Michael Jackson and almost all of the most important African-American musicians got an early career boost here. Now Still attracting a million visitors a year to music and comedy shows, including amateur night. While there, listen to Live At The Apollo, James Brown.

Ella Fitzgerald


Brill Building

Elvis Presley

1619 Broadway/49th St Back in the day The Art Deco ‘Hit Factory’ of pop: over 165 music publishing companies worked here, turning out over 200 hits for artists including Elvis Presley, between 1958 and 1965. Now Recording studios and music biz offices, including Paul Simon’s, among more mundane workplaces. Great photo ops in the lobby. While there, listen to The Brill Building Sound, various artists.

1520 Sedgwick Avenue

The Loft

647 Broadway Back in the day Where, in 1970, DJ David Mancuso built the template for the modern-day nightclub. At invitationonly parties in his apartment, he played an eclectic mix of funk and soul on NYC’s best sound system, inspiring the ‘legal underground’ disco scene, and clubs such as Paradise Garage and the legendary Studio 54. Now A shoe shop and a deli on the ground floor, but Mancuso is still active and organises loft parties


David Mancuso in Manhattan a few times a year. While there, listen to David Mancuso Presents The Loft, various artists.

1520 Sedgwick Ave Back in the day DJ Kool Herc was on the decks for the first hiphop party, held in this Bronx high-rise in 1973. Now Still residential; the Hip Hop Bus Tour ( drives by with anecdotes. While there, listen to The Adventures of…, Grandmaster Flash.

Red Bull Music Academy 2013 Four highlights on a packed schedule of concerts, parties, events and lectures, from April 28 to May 31. 25 YEARS OF MASTERS AT WORK, May 3, Le Bain at The Standard Hotel New York’s house legends unite behind the decks.

BRIAN ENO, May 5, Cooper Union The electronic pioneer in an illustrated talk. RBMA CULTURE CLASH, May 9, Roseland Ballroom Four teams of DJs, MCs and producers are pitted against each other in a battle to win the crowd’s hearts.

Their chosen weapon is bass-laden music. GIORGIO MORODER, May 20, Cielo Astonishingly, the German master of disco and ’80s film soundtracks plays his first-ever DJ set. More concert info at: www.redbullmusic


M O R E B O DY & M I N D


Heavy metal

Motocross champ Ryan Dungey’s travel companions are high-quality machinery. They don’t talk much, but all the 22-year-old wants over the course of a long season is their protection 1. Fox V4 Race helmet It’s one of the most important things to me. I try and get custom-fitted stuff for every area of my body. This helmet is made from carbon fibre and is lightweight, at 1.6kg. 2. Nike 6.0 MX boots I started with these in 2010. They’re made of carbon fibre and soft rubber foam, and protect you against flying debris and from twisting your ankle. They’re very comfy and give me a good feel for the bike. 3. 2013 KTM 450 SX-F bike A steel frame, electronic fuel injection, 58hp and weighs about 103kg. It’s a good ride and the handling is awesome. The clutch is hydraulically actuated, so it doesn’t burn up as fast and readjusts itself so I can just focus on my riding. 4. Radio headset I don’t have a comms receiver in my helmet, but my team can talk to each other while spread around the track. 5. WP Link TRAX suspension The amount of force that this rear-end shock absorber can take is mindblowing. About 50 to 60 per cent of the bike’s performance comes from getting the shocks right. 6. Motorex Motorcycle Cleaner Used to degrease the bike. We spray it, then scrub with a brush. We’re at the top level of our sport and we have to keep things clean to keep sponsors happy, and for the people watching. 7. Backpack I carry this with me to all 30 rounds of the AMA Motocross and Supercross championships.


It holds my iPod, sunglasses and my books. I’m currently reading Unbroken, about World War II survivor Louis Zamperini, and The Bible. 8. Pit cart We have four fresh tyre options for every race. As well as the tyres, this cart holds a bunch of power tools, including a hotair blower and impact wrench. There’s also storage for replacement plastic bike pieces.


9. Dunlop tyres For every race we line up for, we have a new rear tyre. These ones have a diameter of 19in. The front tyre usually doesn’t wear as fast, but there’s much more force on the rear because it’s the tyre that makes the machine go. 10. Snap-On toolbox These are the best tools out there. There are about 250 things in here, but the 8mm and 10mm T-wrenches to adjust the brake, clutch lever and throttle control are perhaps the most important. 11. Asterisk knee brace It’s custom-fitted to your leg and made of carbon. Knee protection is mandatory in motocross. You’re going so fast, and you’re sticking your leg out. It’d be harder to ride without them because you’d scuff up the inside of your knees. 12. Pit board Me and my mechanic, Carlos, use this to communicate with each other on the track. He’ll tell me my position and my lap time. It helps keep me calm and lets me know where I’m at.

9 11 8






Dungey won this season's 450 SX Supercross race in Anaheim








M O R E B O DY & M I N D

Reaching her peak: Angy Eiter is the most successful female sport climber of all time


Hanging tough



champion climber from Austria is scaling new heights in her chosen field, because she is fine-tuning her mind along with her body

In 2012, Angy Eiter won her fourth world championship title and a sixth victory at the revered Rock Masters competition in Arco, Italy – both event records. Her winning ways stem from a multipronged approach. “The key is being adaptable,” says Eiter, 26. “Every route is different, so though you can practise key moves, you don’t know what you’ll need to do until competition day. You don’t want to be too heavy, but you must retain a lot of muscle to manoeuvre well. I eat a good balance of protein and carbohydrates, my favourite is grilled chicken with boiled potato and green veg, and avoid the sweet stuff. Also, I adjust my shoe size depending on my climb. I’m a size 37, but for climbing I wear size 33.5. It gives you more feeling. On longer climbs, the pain can remove that advantage, so I wear a size 35.”


Mental muscle “Climbing can be mentally draining,” says Eiter, “so it’s important to do mental training. I have techniques, such as breathing exercises, to help me relax and focus before an event. For example, I breathe in deeply and exhale slowly while thinking about a previous positive performance. This calms me down and sets me up to compete. I love that climbing is a puzzle, a new challenge to be solved each time. I like concentrating, focusing on every move. So when I’m not near a mountain, you’ll find me with a crossword. In a way it poses a similar mental challenge.”


MONDAY 10am-2pm: Power exercises using own bodyweight, including pull-ups, push-ups and abdominal crunches. This is followed by bouldering [short climbs without ropes] with a group. Finish with 20 minutes’ stretching TUESDAY 10-11.30am: Bouldering with trainer, to improve technique and power 2-4.30pm: Climbing routes on the indoor climbing wall with trainer, to boost strength and endurance

FRIDAY 10am-2pm: Power exercises using own bodyweight, followed by climbing on climbing wall with trainer, to improve power and endurance SATURDAY 10am-2pm: Climbing routes on the climbing wall to improve endurance SUNDAY Rest day

WEDNESDAY 10am: Running for one hour, or hiking for two hours, around hometown of Imst, Austria. Finish with 20 minutes’ stretching THURSDAY 10-11.30am: Bouldering with trainer, to improve technique and power 2-4pm: Gym, with focus on upper body: work biceps and triceps using medium weights; 3 x sets shoulder press; chest press; finish with sit-ups

Watch Angy Eiter in action in the Red Bulletin tablet edition THE RED BULLETIN



When it comes to preparation for competition, there’s no substitute for actual climbing. Eiter ensures top results through constant feedback from her trainer



1 TRAIL RUNNER LONG-SLEEVED ZIP TEE Lightweight, wicking, breathable, quarter-zip, long-sleeved technical tee for training all year round. The Men’s Trail Runner LS Zip Tee is a technical T-shirt from Salomon. It has breathable mesh panels to keep you cool on your run, flatlock seams for comfort and actiLITE PRO for accelerating moisture vapour. A must have this spring, it is ideal for running and active sports in cool weather. RRP: €50. 2 CONTIGO AUTOSEAL WATER BOTTLE The Contigo AUTOSEAL Water Bottle is perfect for active use. No spouts to open or lids to remove – just press to sip and release to automatically seal. Spill and leakproof AUTOSEAL technology offers one-handed convenience. It’s the ultimate in on-the-go hydration with features such as the carabiner clip on the handle and volume markings to help you gauge water intake, plus the bottle is top-rack dishwasher safe. The Contigo AUTOSEAL Water Bottle is 100 per cent BPA free, so no need to worry about the container you are drinking from. RRP: €20.

3 4

3 SALOMON XA PRO SHOE A versatile combination of light weight, durability, stability and protection for fast hiking or running on rough terrain and technical trails, the Salomon XA Pro 3D Ultra 2 GTX has established itself as one of the most imitated shoes on the market. The seam-sealed waterproof and breathable Gore-Tex membrane ensures your feet stay dry no matter the weather. Between the midsole and outsole, the 3D Advanced Chassis maximizes energy control and pushthrough performance to help you on your run. RRP: €115. 4 JACK WOLFSKIN SOFTSHELL JACKET This new alpine softshell from Jack Wolfskin provides the reliable wind chill protection you need. The Men’s Peak Approach benefits from the latest developments in laminated softshell fabric technology. With an integrated membrane, it delivers the optimal combination of the hallmark softshell attributes: totally windproof, high breathability performance and very water resistant. The soft Jersey reverse side provides basic insulation, so the jacket is not only suitable for spring and summer wear, but autumn too. RRP: €230.


5 BERGHAUS WALKING TROUSERS Walk and trek with ease with these Berghaus durable and comfortable three-season Ortler Walking Trousers. They’ll stand up to the rigours of most walks and offer great abrasion resistance, while freedom of movement and a great fit are ensured with the four-way stretch yarn. Achieve maximum comfort and temperature regulation with articulated knees and vented legs. Be prepared for changing weather conditions; the fabric is treated with a Durable Water Repellent (DWR) finish. RRP: €85.



6 THE ASICS GEL-KAYANO® 19 Introducing the lightest Kayano yet. When setting out to update this legend for 2013, ASICS focused on three key elements: improved upper fit, significant weight reduction, and improved durability. The 19th version of the GELKayano® series takes a “stop at never” approach by becoming the lightest edition in its storied history and much of the weight saving can be attributed to the new Guidance Trusstic™. The new GEL-Kayano® 19 is from literally heel to toe the best in its history. RRP: €175.

All items available from 53 Degrees North, Blanchardstown, Carrickmines, Cork and online:

M O R E B O DY & M I N D

Nightlife Whatever gets you through ’til dawn

Sharply dressed: Karin Dreijer Andersson (left) and Olof Dreijer are The Knife


Tour de friends LA LATE SHOW Los Angeles is home to a unique biking subculture: up to 1,500 cyclists of the Midnight Ridazz club pedal through the streets after sundown on the second Friday of the month. RANDOM FACTOR Routes are chosen on the fly. Themes, however, are revealed online in advance. There are party rides, Star Wars tributes and processions to mark local cultural events. THE DUDES ABIDE Since 2004, when the rides began with a small bunch of friends, there have been no run-ins with the law. Safety is paramount.


Beaks ’n’ beats The Knife Back after a long break, the avant-garde pop siblings talk musical bedsprings and the masks behind the masks

Swedish brother and sister duo Olof Dreijer and Karin Dreijer Andersson, aka The Knife, like to create an air of mystery. In promo photos, they appear pointy nosed, behind plague masks. On record, they alter their voices to add extra depth to their moody electronic soundscapes. It's a successful method: their third album, 2006’s Silent Shout was lauded as one of the decade’s most innovative. Now The Knife have released a new album after a gap of seven years. Why such a long break? Andersson: We had seven years of working together intensively for Silent Shout. The break was important for both of us to be able to follow our own visions. [Both she and Dreijer released solo albums; she, in 2009, as Fever Ray.]


Why are the songs so different? A: We created our earlier albums on computers. This time round we play instruments, but in our own way. For example, we play bedsprings with bows. The sound cuts your throat. It sounds creepy, and goes well with the macabre masks in your photos. Dreijer: The mask has become an image of The Knife: something that was meant to question identity became a product. It’s time for a change, but don’t worry: behind the masks are other masks.

Shaking The Habitual (Brille Records) is out now. Tour dates at:


“There is no sun without shadow, and it is essential to know the night ” Albert Camus (1913-1960), writer and philosopher



Badly Lose Lilly This cocktail is the creation of a champion. Michael Steinbacher, from the Mayday Bar at Hangar-7 in Salzburg. He was crowned Austria’s best barman for 2012 thanks to this drink. “I wanted to create a cocktail that speaks to the senses,” he says, “one that speaks to the eyes with the ingredients’ bright range of colours, and speaks to the palate with its refreshingly fruity taste.”


CLUB MIDI Strada Berariei 6 Cluj-Napoca, Romania


Vamp it up while out for the Count Club Midi In a former bread factory in the unofficial capital of Transylvania, there's no blood on the dancefloor, but superstar DJs play marathon nine-hour sets You would be surprised by the nightlife in Cluj, Romania’s second city, because… Even though the city isn’t big, the influx of international students makes this place so alive and open to electronic music. The club used to be… A bread factory. From outside, you see a big building and some lights, and you just want to know what's going on inside.





40ml Pyrat XO rum 2 slices of lime 60ml blackcurrant juice 40ml cola 10ml Monin Spicy Syrup Handful of ice cubes To garnish: curd cheese (or plain cream cheese) Kaffir lime leaves

Put rum and lime in a shaker and leave for 15 seconds, then carefully add the other ingredients, slowly swirling the shaker to ‘roll’ the drink. Smear a spiral of cheese inside a glass, strain in the drink and garnish with the lime leaves.

The dancefloor can hold... About 1,000 revellers. In addition to the main area, there's also the Red Lounge, to chill out in, which is usually really packed at about 3am. The best Romanian DJs are... Raresh, Petre Inspirescu and Rhadoo. The three of them run their own minimal house label [a:rpia:r] and are increasingly booked to DJ all over the world, but Midi is their home club. Our best night was when... Ricardo Villalobos deejayed here for the first time. He played from three in the morning through to midday; the crowd just wouldn’t let him go. He clearly enjoyed it: he never checked into the hotel suite we booked for him. The best time to come here is... In early summer, before the students leave and during the film festival. [Transylvania International Film Festival, May 31-June 9.] The whole town is buzzing. Interview: Club Midi PR department of Christian Tomoiaga, Raluca Nicola, Alina Ceusan and Gabriel Aldea.


M O R E B O DY & M I N D

NIGHTLIFE Depeche Mode, from left: Martin Gore, Dave Gahan, Andy Fletcher



“I like really simple blues, like John Lee Hooker used to play on his acoustic guitar. It’s the raw emotion that gets me. Depeche Mode also have a strategy of keeping things simple. We worked on the song My Little Universe for ages, but it never sounded right. Then we just stripped it back and suddenly there was this magic quality to it. Now it’s one of my favourite tracks on the new album.”



“Jones has that distinctive country twang, the archetypical country voice. My favourite song of his is The Grand Tour, which is really graphic about missing somebody. Jones invites you into his house; takes you in with the things he’s really missing. He talks about the kids’ nursery and how his wife left him. It is fantastic how he rhymes ‘nursery’ with ‘mercy’ in his country twang.”


“We don’t show our influences” Depeche Mode The electropop trailblazers who became a planet-straddling supergroup draw on a wonderful world of musical source material Depeche Mode are the most successful electronic pop band of all time. Since forming in 1980, they have sold more than 100 million records and their popularity shows no sign of waning. Twice in the


last eight years they have undertaken world tours with more than 100 dates, playing to huge crowds from Tallinn to Toronto. In their early days, they created industrial beats using samples of everyday sounds: the basis of pop hits like Everything Counts. They created electronic blues with their 1989 album Violator. For Delta Machine, their recently released 13th album, the band worked on old synthesizers the size of fridges. The resulting songs, reminiscent of current house tracks in their minimalism, also exude the warmth of gospel music. “Even if Depeche Mode are an electronic music band,” the band's main songwriter, Martin Gore, 51, explains, “our influences go way back. I listen to all kinds of music and I love old country and blues records, even if that’s not always all that obvious on our albums.” Allowing a peek behind the Depeche Mode synth curtain, Gore picks a triumvirate of artists who, you’d never know, are très à la Mode.



“I love his album Louis And The Good Book, one of my all-time favourites. He interprets gospel and spiritual standards, but in his own style. Listening to this got me into the song Sometimes I Feel Like A Motherless Child, which is really stunning. I listened to a lot of spirituals during the recording of [1987 album] Music For The Masses, for which I even sampled old gospel records.”



Trinidad & Tobago Doubles The islands’ finger food: now being served via your mobile phone


TWICE AS NICE Two fried flatbreads topped with curried chickpeas, chutney and chilli sauce. The bara flatbread is flour, water, baking powder, salt and turmeric, which gives it a yellow colour. The chickpeas, or channa, almost always contain shado beni, an aromatic herb with a corianderlike flavour. Chutneys are mango, cucumber or coconut.

ACROSS THE OCEANS India and Trinidad are divided by three letters and 14,000km, but inextricably linked. A third of the current Trinidadian population is of East Indian heritage, a legacy of slavery, and it shows across the countries’ cuisines. The Indian dish chole bhature consists of a fried flatbread served with curried chickpeas. ONE IS NEVER ENOUGH It is said the name ‘doubles’ came about in 1937, when the Deen family were selling channa with a bara bread. Customers asked for another bara, and Deen’s Doubles were born. The family went on to open a diner, and Deen’s Doubles lives on today under different ownership.

Two good: wherever there is Trinidadian street food, you will find doubles


WHENEVER, EVERYWHERE Doubles are a favourite at breakfast time, but you wouldn’t be too out of place eating one at lunch, and they’re sold so

late into the night that you could essentially be eating them for breakfast again. Notable sellers on Trinidad include Sleepy’s Doubles in Port-of-Spain and Ali's Doubles in San Fernando. WORD OF MOUTH When Khafra Murray began listing doubles sellers on Facebook, he had 250 addresses in no time. The IT expert then developed his list into an app: The Trinidad & Tobago Doubles Vendor Directory now has over 400 entries.


So Cow (from left): Jonny White, Brian Kelly and Peter O’Shea

Scene and herd

On the perils of making it at home when you’re already made overseas, and the difference between an audience of one and of thousands SO COW

Out now: So Cow’s split LP with Dublin trio Squarehead, Out Of Season, has five songs from each band


It’s a wet and breezy day in the most westerly city in Europe. An unforgiving downpour has cleared Galway’s narrow, medieval streets. Such weather is not unexpected on this edge of the Atlantic, yet there are surprises here. Although Galway is recognised as Ireland’s cultural capital, the country’s most acclaimed underground band are strangers in their own backyard. “Yeah, we’re better known in parts of Europe and the US than at home, because we’re the worst self-promoters you’ll meet,” says So Cow bassist Jonny White, who’s still wearing his black beanie and parka despite the warmth of the coffee in McCambridge’s on Shop Street. “Brian does the interviews, I usually stand there for a question or two and then wander off for a cigarette.” For

White, a former film school student with an encyclopaedic knowledge of independent music, the original punk spirit of 1977 is alive and well. “Things are opening up a bit in Ireland, with bring-your-own booze venues bringing back that DIY ethic. People get charged a fiver at the door and bands can do as they like. It’s a lot of fun, but can get very messy.” Later, in Monroe’s Tavern in Galway’s West End, Brian Kelly, So Cow’s lead singer and guitarist, arrives from his day’s work as an English tutor. The band’s infectious pop-tinged indie rock has taken him on a meandering journey from his nearby hometown, Tuam, to places, festivals and venues he’d only read about in music magazines. After a day spent


correcting grammar, music is the escape, a taste of a life less ordinary. “Some bands break through after one legendary gig, but most are on a different trajectory,” says Kelly. Underground music’s increasingly fractured structures ensure bands rarely know what’s coming next. “We’ve released albums through US indie labels and people have got to know the band through our live shows, spreading the word online. It’s got a life of its own. Our US label gets an order to send a box of vinyl to Dusseldorf and I’ll get a tweet four days later from someone in Germany saying that they love the album.” Touring is critical to survival: pull a couple of hundred punters to a gig, win them over, move on to the next show. So Cow travel light: three guys, a rented car


M O R E B O DY & M I N D


“Things are opening up in Ireland, with BYO venues bringing back that DIY ethic” and a list of dates. Equipment is borrowed, accommodation’s sometimes sketchy. It’s quite unpredictable, but the band don’t seem to mind. “We’ve been blown away by some of our gigs in Spain, especially in Madrid, where up to a thousand people have come to see us play,” says White. “The Primavera festival was amazing. We were named in the top three bands to see on a bill that included Pavement and Pixies. You play, and then check out other great acts. My favourite live band of the moment is Thee Oh Sees: what a show. “We always try and go as hard as we can. I remember doing some gigs in New York and we had to wring out our T-shirts afterwards, it’s disgusting, but we were elated by the energy.” Then there are the less impactful gigs. “We got a booking from a venue owner, somewhere in the US. He forgot to advertise the gig and nobody came. So, ourselves and the band we were touring with, Sisters, did a set each for the owner. We ended up crashing in the bar and leaving a few quid for what we drank.” So Cow’s sharp, melodic music is the very definition of punkpop, a halfway house between Television Personalities and Abba. Their forthcoming album, The Long Con, produced by Greg Saunier of Deerhoof, attempts to harness their live sound. “I know I shouldn’t say this, but it’s the best thing we’ve done,” says Kelly. “It’s like Pete Townsend saying his latest record is the best, while he’s still living off the first few Who albums.” For White, the recording experience was an exhilarating one. “Greg booked us for a show some time back,” he says, “but we


The Irish trio’s forthcoming album attempts to capture their punk-pop live sound

couldn’t do it because of the ash cloud. We stayed in touch and he agreed to produce the album. He wanted us live and it worked.” So Cow was originally Kelly’s solo project. These days, he’s happy to share the burden. Last year’s split LP with Dublin punks Squarehead – one side each – showcases the trio’s tight unit. “I dick around on my guitar, usually while Man v. Food is on telly,” says Kelly. “My songs deal with everything from failed relationships to Breaking Bad. However, if the guys don’t like where I’m headed, they’re quick to pull me back.” With O’Shea domiciled in Dublin, White is the chief soundboard for Kelly’s creations. “Brian has an idea,” says White, “he plays it to me, and we chop and change it until we’re both happy. Pete gives it structure and the lyrics are Brian’s.” Being from Tuam, Brian has a special affinity with local boys The Saw Doctors, still one of Ireland’s best loved rock bands. “We’re on the bill with them for two shows in the US this year. The fact that they can draw thousands of people year after year to see their shows is so impressive. Two bands from a small County Galway town, playing to 4,000 people in The Vic in Chicago. Although, in fairness, 3,950 of those are probably their crowd.”

Need to know THE LINE-UP Brian Kelly – vocals and guitars Jonny White – bass Peter O’Shea – drums DISCOGRAPHY The Long Con (2013); Out Of Season (2012, with Squarehead); GMT EP (2011); Meaningless Friendly (2010); So Cow (2009); I’m Siding With My Captors (2008); These Truly Are End Times (2005)

The story so far So Cow began life in South Korea in 2005 as the solo recording project of Brian Kelly, from Tuam, County Galway. He took his band name from a child’s misspelling of the word ‘such’ in a spelling test Kelly set while teaching English in Seoul. A selfreleased debut CD, These Truly Are End Times, and a MySpace page came later that year. In 2006, he returned to Ireland; in 2007, the track Moon Guen Young was ‘discovered’ and promoted by a US punk messageboard, leading to its release as a 7in single on Almost Ready Records of Brooklyn, New York. Kelly toured the US in 2008, the year of his second solo CD, I’m Siding With My Captors, and of So Cow becoming a small herd, with Jonny White

on bass and Tony Higgins on drums. In 2009, Chicago label Tic Tac Totally released So Cow, a vinyl compilation of Kelly-only material, which was followed by the band’s five-week tour of the US and Canada and a second single, Commuting, on Californian label Going Underground Records. Peter O’Shea replaced Higgins a week before So Cow’s appearance at the 2009 Primavera winter festival in Madrid and Barcelona. The release of album Meaningless Friendly, in March 2010, coincided with the first of three US shows that year, at SXSW, Primavera Sound and the Seaport Music Festival in Manhattan. The band’s next album, The Long Con, will be released this summer, supported by shows in Europe and America.


M O R E B O DY & M I N D

Red Bull BC One 2010 champ Neguin performing in Kuwait

Save The Date April & May

APRIL 19-21

Back on track


Laugh out loud American actor and comedian Eddie Griffin likes to keep busy. From acting in big-budget Hollywood films and starring in his own sitcom, to appearing on a Dr Dre album and being voted as one of the 100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time by US TV channel Comedy Central, there’s not much he hasn’t done. This month, when he brings his brash brand of stand-up to Beirut’s Forum De Beyrouth, he’ll experience a rare first: he’s never performed in Lebanon before.


Exhibitionists The polished floors of the imposing Bait Al Zubair Museum will be put to a new use this month, when the sultanate’s best B-Boys do battle among Omani artefacts. The museum is opening its doors for the national final of Red Bull BC One, a contest to determine who will make it to the Middle East and Africa regional final. Whoever wins will need to bring their A-game, because only the winner of that event secures a coveted spot at the World Finals, to be held in Seoul in November. Any would-be winners can attend a workshop on April 22 for a chance to become one of the 16 who will grace the museum floors. Alternatively, just turn up and watch the drama unfold.

MAY 16

Court date It’s not easy to take the Red Bull King of the Rock crown, but 64 of Oman’s best basketballers will try, clashing in ruthless one-onone rounds where points mean progression. The skill and stamina of the last baller standing is rewarded with a place in the world finals, to be held on the island of Alcatraz, San Francisco. Last year, Ahmed Al Fadly (right) had to beat his twin brother Abdulaziz to make the trip: a score that could be settled this year when they go head-to-head again.


APRIL 24, 25

All that jazz With a line-up that includes musical talent from Italy, the US and Poland, the Gulf Jazz Festival is rightly nodding its head towards jazz’s international reach. There will be live performances from American Grammy awardwinning trumpeter Randy Brecker (who has worked with Bruce Springsteen and Frank Zappa), renowned Italian jazz pianist Roberto Magris (with pop singer Maria Dal Rovere) and ambitious Warsaw quartet High Definition, who have slotted tour dates around their university studies, picking up several European awards

Blowing his own trumpet: Randy Brecker

along the way. All this against the grand backdrop of the Radisson Blu Hotel’s Al Hashemi II Grand Ballroom.



The roar of the world’s finest engines and the smell of burning rubber are returning to the Sakhir circuit this month, as the Formula One circus comes to town for the 2013 Bahrain GP. Three-time world champion Sebastian Vettel is defending his title, and will be glad to get back to Bahrain: it was here that last year he scored his first win of the season.






elephones are instruments of status, as well as instruments of communication. When I was small, they were not universal. A handset might, as it did in my parents’ house, sit proudly on a plinth isolated in a chilly vestibule, as if a technical gift presented to wide-eyed groundlings by visiting aliens of superior intelligence. The suggestion made by the austere black thing on a plinth was twofold. First, the use of a telephone was a serious commitment, not a frivolous indulgence. Second, it was a machine to be displayed and admired (much more than, say, a domestic boiler, another indispensable utilitarian artefact, but one which has never excited anybody’s cupidity). Later, I discovered that the classic phone (and when you read what follows you have to imagine the icy feel of its Bakelite construction, a material so cold that sweat from your palms instantly condensed) was drawn by a Norwegian artist and inspired by neoclassical sculpture. Early on, it was necessary for baffling technology to be given reference to such a culturally familiar form. This was certainly one part of the old phone’s appeal to social snobbery, but a more certain influence on its evolution was what used to be called “user preferences”. These are now known as human factors, the way we interface with machines. Using a phone is a complex ballet of hand-eye co-ordination. There were so few subscribers to the first phones that you picked up an earpiece and spoke to an operator who, with a sequence of unplugging this and inserting that, would connect you, with luck, to the other party. Then an American engineer called Almon Brown Strowger introduced the rotary dial, so you could enter an alphanumeric address yourself. I still remember my childhood “ALLerton four three three one” as well as I recall LHL 983, the licence plate of my father’s Jaguar. (I did say status was involved here.) It was an amazing leap forward when someone realised that dialling might be

Mind’s Eye

Dial Another Day Stephen Bayley makes the call: the future of phones is no phones more efficient if the alphanumeric data was put outside the circumference of the rotary dial so as not to be obscured by a chubby finger, but it was an even greater leap forward when someone else decided to replace the dial with pushbuttons. That someone was Bell Labs engineer John E Karlin, who died, in January, aged 94. In 1946, Bell Labs, a joint-venture between the AT&T and Western Electric communications companies, in Murray Hill, New Jersey, was quite a place. Down the corridor from Karlin’s human factors lab, they were creating the transistor. These twin peaks make Murray Hill the telecoms equivalent of Athens. Karlin’s human factors research created a keypad design so perfect that, like the Parthenon, it is tempting to regard it as inevitable, but diligent trial-and-error was involved. Assisted by Rudolph F Mallina (later the designer of a surgical stapler still an operating theatre favourite), Karlin originally arranged his pushbuttons in a circle, aping the rotary dial. Then they went to two rows, but eventually settled

on a rectangular arrangement with four rows of three keys for 0-9 plus a hash and an asterisk. That’s with us still: the international standard keypad. Until, that is, human factors leaps to another conclusion and we get efficient voice recognition, when digital input will become as redundant as prim telephone operators in corsets. This may be some way off, if my own experience of voice recognition in cars is indicative: I say “air-conditioning, 22 degrees” and get confirmation in return of “Radio 3”. Still, progress is never defined by certainties. Like Einstein said, if I knew what I was doing, it wouldn’t be research. Maybe voice recognition will be skipped as an evolutionary step, and we go directly to thought transference. There is already military hardware that reads a pilot’s neural activity – what used to be called ‘thoughts’ – and translates them into control inputs. We could have that with phones. My guess is that this will happen at precisely the moment when the phone itself disappears as a discreet object and becomes an intelligent chip implanted at birth. In Karlin’s day, they worried if people would ever be able to remember a seven-digit number. One day, your number will be your name. Will we miss the tangible phone when the confident march of human factors makes a thing you hold in your hand seem as antique as a pikestaff or a musket? Yes, I think we will. Especially when Deloitte’s 2013 Technology Predictions promise a severe deterioration in signal quality, as demand for telecoms access outstrips supply of telecoms capacity. When this moment comes, the old, cold, black machine on a plinth, tethered by cords to copper landlines, looking like a crash-landed neoclassical specimen from the planet Zog, will be seen as a thing of exotic wonder. As, of course, it once was. Stephen Bayley is an award-winning writer and a former director of the Design Museum in London

THE RED BULLETINGulf Edition: The Red Bulletin is published by Red Bull Media House GmbH General Manager Wolfgang Winter Editor-in-Chief Robert Sperl Deputy Editor-in-Chief Alexander Macheck Publisher Franz Renkin UK & Ireland Editor Paul Wilson Contributing Editor Stefan Wagner Chief Sub-editor Nancy James Deputy Chief Sub-editor Joe Curran Production Editor Marion Wildmann Chief Photo Editor Fritz Schuster Deputy Photo Editors Ellen Haas, Catherine Shaw, Rudolf Übelhör Creative Director Erik Turek Art Director Kasimir Reimann Design Martina de Carvalho-Hutter, Silvia Druml, Miles English, Kevin Goll, Peter Jaunig, Carita Najewitz Staff Writers Ulrich Corazza, Werner Jessner, Ruth Morgan, Florian Obkircher, Arkadiusz Piatek, Andreas Rottenschlager Corporate Publishing Boro Petric (head), Christoph Rietner (chief-editor); Dominik Uhl (art director); Markus Kucera (photo director); Lisa Blazek (editor); Christian Graf-Simpson, Daniel Kudernatsch (app) Head of Production Michael Bergmeister Production Wolfgang Stecher (mgr), Walter Sádaba Repro Managers Clemens Ragotzky (head), Karsten Lehmann, Josef Mühlbacher Finance Siegmar Hofstetter, Simone Mihalits Marketing & Country Management Barbara Kaiser (head), Stefan Ebner, Stefan Hötschl, Elisabeth Salcher, Lukas Scharmbacher, Peter Schiffer, Julia Schweikhardt, Sara Varming Advertising enquiries Richard Breiss +96 5 660 700 48. The Red Bulletin is published in Austria, France, Germany, Ireland, Kuwait, Mexico, New Zealand, South Africa, Switzerland, the UK and the USA. Website Head office: Red Bull Media House GmbH, Oberst-Lepperdinger-Strasse 11-15, A-5071 Wals bei Salzburg, FN 297115i, Landesgericht Salzburg, ATU63611700. UK office: 155-171 Tooley Street, London SE1 2JP, +44 (0) 20 3117 2100. Austrian office: Heinrich-Collin-Strasse 1, A-1140 Vienna, +43 (1) 90221 28800.The Red Bulletin (Gulf region): Richard Breiss, Boushahri Group W.L.L., Ardiya Industrial Area, Block 2, Section 107, Kuwait, +96 5 660 700 48. Printed by Prinovis Liverpool Ltd, Write to us:




M O R E B O DY & M I N D

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The Red Bulletin April 2013 - KW  

Red Bull X-Fighters! Freestyle motocross isn’t for faint-hearted not in the saddle nor in the grandstands.

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