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ARMED FORCES DAY
2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
or 75 years, the city of Oceanside and its next door neighbor, the Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, have had a close and mutually beneficial relationship. On Armed Forces Day, Saturday, May 20, 2017, the Oceanside Chamber of Commerce will bring the business community and area residents together to provide a day of recognition to all active-duty military stationed on Marine Corps Base Camp Joseph H. Pendleton and nearby military bases. Thousands of active duty military and their family members are treated to a day of free food, carnival rides and entertainment at the Oceanside Pier Amphitheater. The fun begins at 11:00 a.m. and last until 4:00 p.m. The day consists of a host of activities: including a great children’s fun zone with carnival rides, inflatable jumps, rock climbing wall, kid’s crafts and face painting.
The beach will be loaded with military land and amphibious displays, including the LCAC, for people to explore and learn about. The EOD team will be on hand to demonstrate their latest equipment and answer questions. All Active Duty Military and their dependents must bring an Active Duty Military ID Card to get unlimited rides, activities, and a free lunch. This event is open to the public. Civilian tickets are available for purchase for children’s rides. Entertainment and military displays are free to everyone. Whether you are a civilian who wants to show your gratitude and enjoy a day of fun, or a member of the military family, this is a day for you: Show your appreciation or to be appreciated! For more information on this special event, visit the event website at: www.oceansidechamber.com under the tab ‘Special Events.’
Oceanside Pier Amphitheater • 300 N. Pacific Street, Oceanside, California From I-5 take the Mission Road exit and head West.
Welcome to Armed Forces Day Operation Appreciation It is my great pleasure, and a distinct privilege to welcome you to Operation Appreciation 2017. For 75 years Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton has played a key role in Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s defense. The same men and women who serve in uniform play equally important roles in our community, contributing in countless ways side-by-side with their civilian neighbors. It is in recognition of this service that we celebrate Operation Appreciation. It is difficult to imagine the City of Oceanside without our U.S. Marines and Sailors. Always being there for each other has fostered a level of teamwork that is the bedrock of success for our military and our community. Our men and women in uniform deserve the best for the many sacrifices they make and it is a tremendous pleasure to host this day and see them recognized, appreciated and applauded by the citizens they serve. I join many voices in our community to thank our armed forces and I hope that Operation Appreciation successfully communicates to them our sincere gratitude for the work they do. We are very proud and honored to have the opportunity to serve you on this special day.
Scott Ashton CEO Oceanside Chamber of Commerce
2017 ARMED FORCES DAY
YOU HAVE OUR RESPECT AND APPRECIATION.
Your service keeps the American Dream alive. Thank you, one and all, for your service to our country.
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Armed Forces Day, San Antonio Texas. May 17, 1952
The History of Armed Forces Day On August 31, 1949, Secretary of Defense Louis Johnson announced the creation of an Armed Forces Day to replace separate Army, Navy and Air Force Days. The single-day celebration stemmed from the unification of the Armed Forces under one department -- the Department of Defense. Each of the military leagues and orders was asked to drop sponsorship of its specific service day in order to celebrate the newly announced Armed Forces Day. The Army, Navy and Air Force leagues adopted the newly formed day. The Marine Corps League declined to drop support for Marine Corps Day but supports Armed Forces Day, too. In a speech announcing the formation of the day, President Truman “praised the work of the military services at home and across the seas” and said, “it is vital to the security of the nation and to the establishment of a desirable peace.” In an excerpt from the Presidential Proclamation of Feb. 27, 1950, Mr. Truman stated: “Armed Forces Day, Saturday, May 20, 1950, marks the first combined demonstration by America’s defense team of its progress, under the National Security Act, towards the goal of readiness for any eventuality. It is the first parade of preparedness by the unified forces of our land, sea, and air defense”. The theme of the first Armed Forces Day was “Teamed for Defense.” It was chosen as a means of expressing the unification of all the military forces under a single department of the government. Although this was the theme for the day, there were several other purposes for holding Armed Forces Day. It was a type of “educational program for civilians,” one in which there would be an increased awareness of the Armed Forces. 4
ARMED FORCES DAY
It was designed to expand public understanding of what type of job is performed and the role of the military in civilian life. It was a day for the military to show “state-ofthe-art” equipment to the civilian population they were protecting. And it was a day to honor and acknowledge the people of the Armed Forces of the United States. According to a New York Times article published on May 17, 1952: “This is the day on which we have the welcome opportunity to pay special tribute to the men and women of the Armed Forces ... to all the individuals who are in the service of their country all over the world. Armed Forces Day won’t be a matter of parades and receptions for a good many of them. They will all be in line of duty and some of them may give their lives in that duty.” The first Armed Forces Day was celebrated by parades, open houses, receptions, and air shows. In Washington D.C., 10,000 troops of all branches of the military, cadets, and veterans marched past the President and his party. In Berlin, 1,000 U.S. troops paraded for the German citizens at Templehof Airfield. In New York City, an estimated 33,000 participants initiated Armed Forces Day “under an air cover of 250 military planes of all types.” In the harbors across the country were the famed mothballed “battlewagons” of World War II, the Missouri, the New Jersey, the North Carolina, and the Iowa, all open for public inspection. Precision flying teams dominated the skies as tracking radar were exhibited on the ground. All across the country, the American people joined together to honor the Armed Forces.
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Tthe San Luis Rey Band of Luiseno Indians. c. 1895
OCEANSIDE HISTORY by Kristi Hawthorn President, Oceanside Historical Society
Oceanside’s first inhabitants were the Luiseno Indians who were part of the large Shoshonean tribe. They inhabited the San Luis Rey river valley area, originally named, “Rio San Luis Rey de Francia,” after St. Louis King of France by the Franciscan friars who passed through the valley in 1769. The Mission San Luis Rey de Francia was established in 1798, four miles up river from the coast. The Indians who were gathered at the Mission were called “San Luisenos” by the Franciscans, later shortened to “Luisenos.” Among these padres was Father Antonio Peyri who planned and oversaw the construction of the Mission’s many buildings which included three churches, the last of which still stands and was finished in October of 1815. Mission San Luis Rey was the largest building in California when completed and the most prosperous of the missions. In 1834, formal secularization took place. All the Mission properties were confiscated by Pio Pico, governor of California, and sold for $2,437.50. During this period, the Mission buildings fell into disrepair. In 1893, Father Joseph Jeremiah 0’Keefe arrived to restore the Mission. By 1912, when he retired, restoration in great part was complete, but, still continues today. A township, known as San Luis Rey, which was west of the Mission, was established in the early 1870s and was largely inhabited by a group of English settlers, by 1884, San Luis Rey had a post office, stores, a hotel, and a weekly newspaper, The San Luis Rey Star, which later moved to Oceanside. In 1881 the United States Government conducted a survey of the Southern Pacific slope and in 1882 a railroad was laid from Los Angeles to San Diego through Colton, Temecula, Fallbrook and down the coast. Andrew Jackson Myers relocated to the San Luis Rey township in 1881. In 1883, he applied for a Homestead Grant on the Oceanside mesa and he was allotted 160 acres. Cave J. Couts, Jr. surveyed the town site and J. Chauncey Hayes sold the town lots. Myers is known as the founder of Oceanside as he owned the first land and was said to built the first house. J. Chauncey Hayes was not only the real estate agent but Justice of Peace and the editor of his own newspaper, The South Oceanside Diamond. When he drew the petition for the first post office the name “Ocean Side” was used, but later changed to “Oceanside.” By 1887, the Bank of Oceanside was built on the comer of Second (Mission Avenue) and Hill Streets and also a grand hotel, the South Pacific, located on Third and Pacific Streets, near the present pier. 6
2017 ARMED FORCES DAY - OPERATION APPRECIATION
A wharf company was formed and soundings were made at the location of what is now known as Wisconsin street. The wharf was made entirely of wooden pilings, the first pile being driven May 12, 1888. On July 3, 1888, Oceanside was incorporated with a vote of 74 to 53. The founder of the city, A. J. Myers, was the first to vote. The population was about 1,000. In the winter of 1890-91, the wharf was destroyed by a storm and Melchoir Pieper, the proprietor of the South Pacific Hotel, salvaged most of the lumber. He took the pilings to his hotel on Third Street where he kept it until the city appropriated funds for a new pier in 1893. Not only donating the lumber, through his efforts, Pieper was responsible for the pier being located at Third Street. This second pier was the first of five built at the Third street location, including the one recently completed in 1987. In the 1890s Oceanside had three hotels; the South Pacific, the St. Cloud and the Tremont, two drug stores, two livery stables, two blacksmiths, a hardware store, a bakery, a harness shop, a lumber yard, a barber shop, a newspaper, a school and the Oceanside Bank. There were six churches: Christian, Congregational, Baptist, Episcopal, Holiness and Methodist. Like many towns, Oceanside’s prosperity relied much on real estate booms and busts. The railroads played an important role in the continuing development of our city. During the boom years the trains brought thousands of prospective buyers. This continued until a highway was paved between San Diego and Los Angeles through Oceanside before 1920. In the 1920s the city prospered. Tent City was established, street lights were installed, a new golf course was laid out and a grand new theater, “The Palomar’, was built. Our slogan for the time was, “Oceanside, California’s Pride.” Many noteworthy visitors enjoyed our shore, including Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks. A number of movies were filmed here during this decade. This prosperity soon changed and we felt the grip of the “Great Depression.” A dramatic change occurred with the purchase of the Santa Margarita y Los Flores by the U. S. Government for a military base. The building of Camp Joseph H. Pendleton created a boom to end all booms in our sleepy little town. In no time workers flocked to downtown for food and lodging. We continued to urbanize into the 1950s bringing us to a population of 20,000 in 1953. Our growth has continued steadily ever since and is the topic of much controversy today as we have almost 173,000 people.
Oceanside Pier c. 1904.
Fun Zone. Oceanside Pier c. 1940.
North Hill Street at Second Street (Mission Avenue) looking north in 1923.
The Mission Garag built in 1913, designed to resemble the Mission San Luis Rey de Francia. It was located on North Hill Street in between 2nd and 3rd Street, which is present day North Coast Highway in between Mission Ave and Pier View Way.
Oceanside Pier, c. 1935.
Charles W. Tapsico one of Oceansideâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s earliest known black families. c. 1915.
1937 celebration on Bush Street. Joaquin Vasquez (center, standing).
Marines from 9th Marine Regiment marching aboard Camp Pendleton in September 1942; 9th Marines was the first organized unit to occupy the new camp, Camp Joseph H. Pendleton. 9th Marines and its attachments marched from Camp Elliott (San Diego, CA) to the new Marine Corps Base in four days starting on 1 September 1942.
THE MARCH TO
CAMP PEN Of all the Marine Corps bases throughout the world, Camp Pendleton has one of the most intriguing pasts, filled with historical charm and vibrancy. Spanish explorers, colorful politicians, herds of thundering cattle, skillful vaqueros and tough Marines have all contributed to the history of this land. In 1769, a Spaniard by the name of Capt. Gaspar de Portola led an expeditionary force northward from lower California, seeking to establish Franciscan missions throughout California. The expedition arrived on July 20 at a location now known as Camp Pendleton, and as it was the holy day St. Margaret, they baptized the land in the name of Santa Margarita. 8
ARMED FORCES DAY - OPERATION APPRECIATION
During the next 30 years, 21 missions were established, the most productive one being Mission San Luis Rey, just south of the present-day Camp Pendleton. At that time, San Luis Rey Mission had control over the Santa Margarita area. In 1821, following Mexicoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s independence from Spain, the Californios became the new ruling class of California, and many were the first generation descendants of the Portola expedition. The Mexican governor was awarding land grants and ranchos to prominent businessmen, officials and military leaders. In 1841, two brothers by the name of Pio and Andres Pico became the first private owners of Rancho Santa Margarita.
NDLETON Additional land was later added to the grant, making the name Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores, and that name stayed with the ranch until the Marine Corps acquired it in 1942. In 1863, a dashing Englishman named John Forster (Pio Pico’s brother-in-law) paid off Pico’s gambling debts in return for the deed to the ranch. During his tenure as owner of the ranch, he expanded the ranch house and developed the rancho into a thriving cattle industry. Forster’s heirs, however, were forced to sell the ranch in 1882 because of a string of bad luck, which included a series of droughts and a fence law that forced Forster to construct
fencing around the extensive rancho lands. It was purchased by wealthy cattleman James Flood and managed by Irishman Richard O’Neill who was eventually rewarded for his faithful service with half ownership. Under the guidance of O’Neill’s son, Jerome, the ranch began to net a profit of nearly half a million dollars annually, and the house was modernized and furnished to its present form. In the early 1940s, both the Army and the Marine Corps were looking for land for a large training base. The Army lost interest in the project, but in April of 1942 it was announced that the rancho was about to be transformed into the largest Marine Corps base in the country. Continued on page 10
Main Gate, c. 1950.
On the eve of World War II, the Marine training bases were limited to Quantico, Va., Parris Island, S.C., and San Diego. When expansion of all U.S. armed forces was authorized by President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s proclamation of an unlimited national emergency on May 27, 1941, an immediate need for additional amphibious force training facilities led to the construction of Camp Pendleton. The Marine Corps paid $4,239,062 for the rancho. After five months of construction, the Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores, which included San Onofre, became the West Coast’s largest military camp. The first troops to occupy the new Base were the 9th Marine Regiment with the 1st Battalion, 12th Marines, who marched from Camp Elliott in San Diego to Camp Pendleton. Throughout the war years, thousands of Marines and three divisions passed through the camp on their way to the bloody battles in the Pacific, living in rapidly constructed tent camps throughout the sprawling hills. Training areas were constructed to provide realistic preparation for combat. Pillboxes were built exactly like those found in the Pacific. Also during these early days, one of the famed Raider Battalions was formed and trained here under Lt. Col. James Roosevelt, the son of the president. Combat Marines were not the only people to populate Camp Pendleton. Women Marine Reservists arrived here in 1943 and were able to keep the administration of the base running smoothly. The Ranch House Chapel was restored and opened primarily for their use. Wars inevitably produce heroes, and Camp Pendleton eagerly recognized one of its own. Basilone Road, a familiar landmark on the base, was named for Gunnery Sgt. John Basilone, who earned a Medal of Honor at Guadalcanal in 1942 and the Navy Cross posthumously at Iwo Jima in 1945. Following the war, Camp Pendleton was inundated with troops returning from
ARMED FORCES DAY
Camp Pendleton Main Gate. c. 1943.
the Pacific, and the deserted tent camps were once again bursting with activity. Working overtime, the Redistribution Regiment was able to discharge about 200 Marines a day, and before leaving, each man was issued a discharge emblem to be sewn on his uniform as a badge of honor. Camp Pendleton was declared a permanent installation in October 1944, and in 1946, Gen. Alexander Archer Vandegrift stated the base’s future role was to be the center of all West Coast Marine activities and the home of 1st Marine Division, the peacetime strength of which would be 12,500. It was during this period of peacetime that Maj. Gen. Graves Erskine, commander of the base, known then as Marine Barracks, Camp Pendleton, was determined to develop the base into “the finest post in the world.” Tent camps were torn down and Quonset huts put in their places, 17 area barracks were renovated into officers’ quarters, a $130,000 Spanish beach club was opened at San Onofre and a commissary opened in 1948. The base library opened in 1950 in a small frame building across from division headquarters. During the war, Pendleton became known as “Hollywood South.” Movies were filmed on the base, and morale was boosted by watching Hollywood Marines vanquish Hollywood Japanese. Following the war, movie makers continued to seek out Pendleton’s brown hills for movies such as “Battle Cry,” “Sands of Iwo Jima,” “The Flying Leathernecks” and, in later years, “Retreat Hell” and “Heartbreak Ridge.” Relations with surrounding communities have not always been cordial. In 1947, Erskine was embroiled in a bitter dispute with the Oceanside School District over his right to operate a separate school for children of Marines. The “Little Red School” was built in the 17 Area and operated for two years until it was turned over to Oceanside in 1950.
Main Gate, c. 1960.
Water was at the root of another controversy that resulted in a long and complicated legal battle involving Camp Pendleton and Fallbrook area residents who felt entitled to use the water flowing from the Santa Margarita River, flowing through base. The water rights trial became the longest in history, in which the two groups are still working together to find solutions to both of their water problems. Peacetime activities came to an abrupt halt in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. Reservists crowded into Camp Pendleton, headed for the front faster than the base could process them. Throughout the war years, replacements were hurriedly trained and sent to the Far East. The training, however hurried, was tough and realistic. A combat town was constructed to simulate a North Korean Village, where troops were exposed to as much realism as possible. Cold weather training was moved from Idyllwild to Pickel Meadows in the high Sierras because Idyllwild wasn’t tough enough. Cold weather training was definitely survival training for those soon to be sent to Korea. Camp Pendleton’s role as Training and Replacement Command was reflected in the nearly 200,000 Marines who passed through the base on their way to the Far East. Those same hills and valets beckoned to Camp Pendleton’s civilian neighbors who wanted pieces of the base for their own use. Leases were granted for a California state beach and a nuclear power plant at the northern edge of the base, but developers eyeing the land for an airstrip and private housing were forced to look elsewhere. At one point, the city of Oceanside even attempted to annex the base to become part of their city’s tax base. The purpose for Camp Pendleton’s existence has not changed; it is first and foremost a training base, continuing to mold young men and women into the country’s finest fighting force.
The Vietnam years again saw a buildup of men and machines bound for Indochina. The movement of the 1st Marine Division to the Far East occurred more gradually than in Korea or World War II. Replacements were rotated in and out of combat zones through Staging Battalion, which took a Marine arriving at the camp and gave him 15 intensive training days before sending him to Vietnam. The Korea combat village became the Vietnamese jungle village, complete with deadly booby traps. The combat environment and training methods had changed over the years, but the purpose remained constant: train Marines to fight and get them to battle. Unlike their World War II counterparts, Marines discharged from the Vietnamese conflict did not receive badges of honor but could still hold their heads high, as they had fought bravely and honorably in the highest Marine Corps tradition. Camp Pendleton continues its proud tradition of training top-quality Marines and maintaining its combat readiness while it prepares itself to face the 21st century. The Corps broadened its mission capabilities in the 1980s as “amphibious” became “expeditionary.” Marines combined infantry, armor, supply and air power according to the task at hand, then demonstrated the effectiveness of the air-ground team in Granada, Panama and the Persian Gulf. The rapid projection of self-sustaining military power was clearly shown when Camp Pendleton forces and their equipment were deployed halfway around the globe in days. Middle East operations Desert Shield, Desert Storm, Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom are among the latest in a 230-year history of unequalled national service, and it was training here at Camp Pendleton that made those successes possible.
2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
CAMP PENDLETON As part of the year-long celebration of the 75th anniversary of Camp Pendleton becoming a Marine Corps base (September 1942), the History Museum Branch is arranging special Saturday tours of the Ranch House Complex once a month until September. The Santa Margarita Ranch House National Historic Site includes the historic Ranch House, Chapel and Bunk House Museum. The colorful history of these structures dates back to the romantic California Rancho period of the 1800s. The docents of Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores, who will lead the tours, are part of the 42-year-old organization that maintains the historic buildings and provides tours to visitors. The Chapel Having been built around 1808, the Ranch House Chapel is the oldest structure on Camp Pendleton. It originally served as temporary quarters for the Pío Pico family until the Ranch House quarters were ready for them to move into in 1828. Pico was the last Governor of Alta California. The structure then became a winery. The surrounding vineyards grew and were harvested as late as the turn of the century in an area that is now an airfield. After the winery was closed, the building became a tool shed before serving as the living quarters for a blacksmith who had his shop in an adjoining building when the O’Neill family owned the property in the early 1900s. In 1943, the Marines undertook the restoration of the old adobe building, incorporating it into the present structure. Meant to be a museum, the building ended up becoming a chapel for Marine Corps Women Reservists. By Nov. 15, 1943, there were 32,000 servicemen stationed there without their own chapel. According to historical records, almost $9,000 was donated by the various Hollywood studios toward the work needed to create the Chapel. During the restoration of the adobe, actor Anthony Quinn, who was on base for the filming of “Guadalcanal Diary”, donated many antiques from his collection, some of which were said to have originally come The Ranch House c. 1910. from the John Barrymore estate. The tour also includes the Ranch House and Bunk House. The Ranch House is slated to close in 2018 to undergo earthquake retrofitting and the updating of wiring and plumbing which dates to the 1930s. The building will not be open for about two years, so anyone interested in seeing the Ranch House this year should book a tour now or they will have to wait until 2020 to see it. Two Saturday Anniversary Tours are available at noon and 2 p.m. on June 3, July 8, August 5 & Sept. 9, 2017. Tour sizes are limited but extra tours are currently being added to accommodate demand. Reservations for these free tours must be made a minimum 7 days in advance by calling (760) 725-5758 between 8 a.m. and 4 p.m. Monday through Thursday, or between 8 a.m. and 2 p.m. Fridays, or by emailing MCBCAMPEN_history@usmc.mil. Instructions for base access will be given during the reservation process. The Marine Corps Mechanized Museum is also offering free tours featuring its collection of over 50 vehicles ranging from World War I to the first Gulf War. It will be open from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. for the same Saturday tour dates as the Ranch House Complex, in honor of the base’s 75th Anniversary. 12
ARMED FORCES DAY
V E T E R A N S D AY
UNIVERSITY OF SAN DIEGO’S
Supporting Student Scholars
and Saluting our Veterans
NOVEMBER 11, 2017
University of San Diego, Jenny Craig Pavilion
Maj. Gen. William M. Matz Jr. (Ret.) ’73
Join us at the University of San Diego’s signature black-tie event as we pay tribute to our veterans. The 2017 Founders Gala will feature unique silent and live auctions, a Swarovski Sparkle Station, an exquisite dining experience and an unforgettable After Party. Be a part of the celebration and help establish a new, endowed scholarship fund dedicated to USD student veterans.
REGISTER TODAY: sandiego.edu/foundersgala FOR MORE INFORMATION: (619) 260-2756
2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
Camp Pendleton 1940s
Dec. 7, 1941 Japanese attack Pearl Harbor
June 1950 Outbreak of the Korean war sees peacetime activities come to an end; Reserve Marines arrive at the base and begin processing and training for subsequent deployment to Korea. Over 200,000 Marines would pass through Camp Pendleton on their way to Korea.
March 1942 U. S. Navy announces the purchase of 132,000 acres of Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores. Construction of Camp Pendleton begins soon thereafter. July 1942 Federal Court condemnation order gives the U.S. Marine Corps immediate possession of Ranch Santa Margarita y Las Flores; the U.S. Government pays $4,110,035 for the land September 1942 Sept. 1–4 - 9th Marine Regiment, under command of Col. Lemuel Shepherd, Jr. and Marines from 1st Battalion, 12th Marines, march from Camp Elliott (San Diego) to Camp Joseph H. Pendleton.
September 1950 Marines participate in invasion of Inchon. June 1950 – July 1953 Korean War 1953 Camp Pendleton officially designated as Marine Corps Base, Camp Pendleton in September 1953. 1956 2nd Battalion, 5th Marine Regiment marches over 100 miles of the base to show their readiness.
Sept. 25 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt visits Camp Pendleton to officially dedicate the base as Marine 1st Marine Division deploys Barracks, Camp Joseph H. to Southeast Asia for Pendleton. involvement in the war in Vietnam. Marines rotating President Roosevelt receives a lariat from Pancho Brown at the historic Ranch House. to Vietnam arriving at Camp Pendleton were assigned 1943 to Staging Battalion and Women Marine Reserves arrive at Camp Pendleton were provided with 12 to 15 intensive training days before 1st Marine Division. c. 1960 1944 deployment to Vietnam. Camp Pendleton declared a “permanent” installation in October 1944. Aug. 7, 1964 Congress passes resolution giving President Johnson free hand 1945 in Vietnam. June 22, 1945 - Americans secure Okinawa
Aug. 15, 1945 - Victory over Japan (VJ) Day 1946 U.S. Marine Corps Commandant, Gen. Alexander A. Vandegrift, announces Camp Pendleton will be the center of all West Coast Marine Corps activities and home of the 1st Marine Division. 1947 The 1st Marine Division arrives at Camp Pendleton after combat and occupation duty in the Pacific. 1947 – 1950 Base commanding general, Maj. Gen. Erskine, battles for the base’s ‘Little Red School House’ 14
ARMED FORCES DAY
June 1966 1st Marine Division is headquartered in South Vietnam.
1970s 1971 1 Marine Amphibious Force (1 MAF) is relocated to Camp Pendleton. 1975 1st Marine Division supports evacuation of Saigon Refugees from Vietnam arrive at Camp Pendleton from April through October 1975. Over 50,000 Vietnamese refugees were processed through Camp Pendleton and located at eight different camps in the northern portion of the base.
Through the Years 1980s
Marine Corps “amphibious” operations became “expeditionary” as land, air and support units are incorporated into expeditionary forces.
2005 Al Anbar province in western Iraq, the1st and 2nd Marine Divisions successfully conducted the largest relief in place in the history of the Marine Corps.
Marines conducting amphibious assault Camp Pendleton
1988 training; photo courtesy of 1 Marine Amphibious Force Archives. (1 MAF) is re-designated in February 1988 as 1 Marine Expeditionary Force (1 MEF).
1990s August 1990 – March 1991 Marines from 1 MEF deploy to Saudi Arabia in support of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.
2006 The 1st Marine Division deploys to Iraq as the ground combat element for 1 MEF. 2007 Camp Pendleton launches the Marine Corps Grow the Force facilities recapitalization/renovation program consisting of 50+ projects worth in excess of $1 billion. 2008 Camp Pendleton begins the Barracks Recapitalization program to replace and renovate 42 barracks at a cost of $1.4 billion.
May 1991 1st Marine Division assists in relief efforts in Bangladesh and the Philippines.
2009 Camp Pendleton receives $653 million as part of the President’s American Recovery & Reinvestment Act (ARRA) for 22 recapitalization/renovation projects.
1992 1 MEF units participate in Operations Restore Hope.
1993 Overflow of the Santa Margarita River causes significant flooding resulting in serious damage to the Air Station, Basilone Road and Ranch House Chapel.
1st Marine Division personnel and units deployed to Afghanistan provide advisory support and maneuver elements in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.
2000s 2002 1 MEF units deploy to Kuwait in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. 2003 The 1st Marine Division deploys by air and sea to link up with its advanced headquarters deployed to Kuwait under 1 Marine Expeditionary Force in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. 1st Marine Division conducts the longest ground march in Marine Corps history attacking Baghdad alongside the U.S. Army. 2004 The 1st Marine Division relieves the 82rd Airborne Division in Iraq’s Sunni Triangle. During Operation Iraqi Freedom II, the 1st Marine Division conducted counter-insurgency operations throughout the Al Anbar Province, culminating in Operation Al Fajr, which liberated the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah and enabled the first legitimate elections to occur in Iraq.
2012 Delta Company, 3rd Light Armored 1st Marine Division Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division deploys to Afghanistan to (Forward). serve as the headquarters for Task Force Leatherneck, the ground combat element for Regional Command (Southwest). 2014 The new $456 million, 500,000 square foot four-story Naval Hospital, Camp Pendleton is officially dedicated and opened; this facility replaces the old hospital (dedicated in 1974) located at Lake O’Neill. 2015 Construction and opening of the Pendleton Fisher House, a $2.65 million, eight-suite, 8,000-plus square-foot home serving military families with a hospitalized service member at Camp Pendleton.
Major General Joseph Henry Pendleton "San Diego is an ideal location for an advance base of Marines, and history will prove I am right. . . ." Colonel Joseph H. Pendleton, San Diego, 1914
Following the purchase of the vast Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores in 1942, the new West Coast Marine Corps training base would be named for Maj. Gen. Joseph Henry Pendleton, who had pioneered Marine Corps activities in the San Diego area during his 46 years of distinguished service from 1878 to 1924. Born in Rochester, Pa., on June 2, 1860, “Uncle Joe” Pendleton, as he would later be known, graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy and was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U. S. Marine Corps on July 1, 1884. Gen. Pendleton’s service included duty in the jungles of Nicaragua, Santa Domingo, Guam, and the Philippines, in addition to several stateside and shipboard tours. In 1914, the 4th Marine Regiment was re-activated and Gen. Pendleton was ordered to organize and command this expeditionary force. Gen. Pendleton and his regiment served on board the USS South Dakota and Jupiter, when it withdrew to land at Camp Howard, North Island (San Diego) on July 10. With the arrival of Pendleton’s regiment in San Diego, his love affair with the area began. He immediately recognized the value of San Diego with its good weather and harbor as an ideal choice for the Marine Corps’ Advance Base Force to be stationed on the West Coast. Gen. Pendleton openly advocated a major Marine Corps installation in San Diego from his first stay on North Island until his retirement 10 years later. Between July 1911 and June 1916, Gen. Pendleton and his regiment improved facilities at North Island while the Marines made a favorable impression on the San Diego community. Meanwhile, visits of high-ranking dignitaries to various expositions during this period helped to win government support for a large Marine base at San Diego. Gen. Pendleton himself bought a house in Coronado near the harbor and became active in the civic affairs of the city. He served as mayor of Coronado from 1928 - 1930. Married to the former Mary Helen Fay, he died in San Diego in 1942 at the age of 81. Source: Camp Pendleton 50th Anniversary - Celebrating a Historic Half Century, special edition to the Blade Citizen and Scout newspapers, Sept. 24, 1992. Photo Courtesy Pendleton/Brown Collection 16
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2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
CAMP PENDLETON LOGO by Paul G. Durrance, Chairman Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores Docents
In branding lingo, it was the “flying T” and the “hanging O”. That symbol of a “T’ sitting on top of an “O” featured prominently on signs, badges and in books throughout Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton has long been recognized as an old 1884 historic cattle brand by only a few Old California Rancho history enthusiasts. Before President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated Camp Joseph H. Pendleton in September 1942, it’s vast hills and verdant valleys was the largest rancho in San Diego County, California, totaling 133,441 acres. The rancho was named Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores, or Saint Margaret and the Flowers. On this massive rancho, thousands of cattle and horses sported this brand. In 1882, Richard O’Neill, with the help of his partner James Flood, purchased the Ranch from the prominent Don Juan Forster family after the Don’s untimely death. The Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores was shy of quality cattle causing Richard O’Neill to journey to Texas to purchase several thousand head of cattle. The cattle purchased in Texas bore the “T and O” brand and Mr. O’Neill decided to use the brand and left it on the cattle. In those days there were no brand laws in the state of California. Not until 1913 did California require brands to be registered with the Department of Agriculture. Some suggest that the “T” stands for Texas and the “O” stands for Oklahoma or the “O” stands for O’Neill but this couldn’t be further from the truth. In December 1844, Richard O’Neill registered his Rancho Margarita brand with the County Recorder of San Diego County, initially for the horses and then the cattle. When he registered his “T and O” brand he registered it “O and T”, or upside down. Over the years that registered “O and T” brand has been resurrected as the “T and O” brand. Merely conjecture, but some old cowboys always read the brands from the bottom up. This might explain the confusion and how we have the hanging “O” and the flying “T” today. Prior to 1942 when the Rancho assets were divided up between the Floods, Baumgartners and O’Neills, the Flood family received the use of the good name of Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores and the “T and O” brand through legal documents. The story goes that Mr. J. Baumgartner Jr. phoned Mrs. Flood and asked her if she An original branding iron, Rancho Santa Margarita; photo by Deb Hellman had any idea what she was going to do with her brand and she said “No, not really; I thought maybe we would keep it, but if you want it you can have it.” Mr. Baumgartner promptly registered the “T and O” brand (located on the left hip of the steer) with the California Department of Agriculture. When the Marine Corps acquired the rancho property in 1942, it was given permission to continue the use of the “T and O” brand as the Camp Pendleton logo. After acquisition of the rancho lands, the brand was initially painted on all vehicles and carved into tables and chairs at the Ranch House when it was used as an Officer’s Club. This historic brand, which at one time graced livestock on land holdings totaling 220,058 acres, is a reminder of the historic bygone days of early San Diego County and of the baronial cattle ranches that once dotted the landscape. This brand recalls the ranchos littered with cattle tended to by hard riding Vaqueros who would brand the cattle during spring and early summer rodeos, and the rancho life and times of Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores that has long since vanished. 18
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2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
Tent Camp #1, Las Pulgas, 1944; photo courtesy of Camp Pendleton Archives
BASE HOUSING From Tents to Huts to Now
Camp Pendleton has seen many variations in housing facilities for its Marines, Sailors, and their families. Over the past 75 years, a wide spectrum of bachelor and family housing programs resulted in a mixed array of living accommodations. Starting with the initial base construction in March 1942, a portion of the reported 5,000 civilian workers building the base lived in barracks specifically constructed for them while lived aboard the expansive former rancho. As a lure to workers, the Navy built temporary barracks and messing facilities for 500 and established a trailer camp. For Marines of the 9th Marine Regiment who marched from Camp Elliott and initially occupied the base in early September 1942, the newly constructed “temporary” wood-framed H-Style barracks provided superior accommodations. Housing for Marines in the other infantry units, who would eventually occupy the three “tent camps” in the central and northern areas of the base, was exactly that...tents. In July 1943, the contractors’ barracks was relocated and reconstructed in order to house the Women Marines who had arrived aboard the base. In 1944, forty Homoja housing units were built in Area 24 near the base headquarters; these units provided furnished two bedroom family units in each 20 foot by 48 foot Quonset hut, complete with kitchen and toilet facilities, including a bath. It was not until 1944 when housing was specifically constructed for families of Camp Pendleton Marines and Sailors. Work began on the initial 448 apartment units in December 1944. In May 1945, the first sixteen families moved into Sterling Housing, located off base in Oceanside. Soon after construction began, the number of units to be built was increased to 648. This $1.65 million family housing complex would remain until 1988 when it was demolished as part of a $23-million agreement, resulting in the 632 Serra Mesa housing units just inside the San Luis Rey gate. In 1947, Camp Pendleton underwent numerous changes to make it a more permanent facility. Marines tore down tents and replaced them with Quonset huts in the outlying camp areas and renovated numerous barracks, including thirteen 17 Area barracks which were converted into married officers’ apartments. 20
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In the 1950s, family housing options included the Homoja Area, Sterling, South Mesa Trailer Housing, and Wherry housing (DeLuz and Wire Mountain consisted of 1,324 homes). Camp Pendleton’s first ten permanent barracks were built in 1952 in the Chappo area. Four new camps (San Mateo, Las Pulgas, Horno, Margarita) housing 13,000 Marines each were constructed; new “flat top” barracks were built using pre-cast or ‘tilt-up’ construction. These reinforced concrete buildings were considered more efficient and economical than wood framed barracks or Quonset huts. In the 1960s, the base began replacing “temporary” construction and building permanent facilities. Permanent bachelor enlisted and officer quarters and family housing was built at Camp Del Mar. When 5th Marine Division was activated in 1966, nearly two-thirds of the 6,500 new arrivals occupied 16 foot by 32 foot tents while permanent barracks were being built; the Marines eventually moved into new barracks at Las Flores in 1967. World War II-era structures in the San Luis Rey area were demolished, making room for new houses for field grade officers and their families. In the early 1970s, a Bachelor Enlisted Quarters (BEQ) modernization program included renovation of open bay barracks, providing modern-style BEQs with separate rooms designed to house two to three Marines and included a bathroom and lounge area. New BEQs were built in five of the major camps throughout the base; these modern BEQs closely resembled college dormitories. To alleviate a continuing family housing shortage, over 2,200 additional two-, three-, and four-bedroom homes were built in the Wire Mountain, O’Neill Heights (Deluz Canyon), South Mesa, and San Onofre areas. A mobile home park was also built in San Onofre. Following the Vietnam War, construction and modernization programs resulted in renovation or replacement of a majority of temporary World War II facilities. Over 1,400 family homes were built in San Onofre, South Mesa/Forster Heights, and O’Neill Heights. Modern BEQs were built in over half of the 18 cantonments aboard the base.
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Housing projects in the 1980s and 1990s included a 300unit complex at San Onofre for company grade officers and junior enlisted personnel and 104 units for junior enlisted personnel in the South Mesa housing area. New bachelor quarters were built in six cantonments across the base. In 1996, Congress established the Military Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI) to increase service members’ quality of life by improving their housing. This initiative attracted private sector financing, expertise and innovation to revitalize and privatize military housing. A private entity therefore became responsible for construction, renovation, and maintenance of Public Private Venture (PPV) housing. For Camp Pendleton, the result was a series of substantial family housing improvements. Conducted in phases, the first PPV executed in November 2000 privatized 512 existing DeLuz housing units which included constructing 200 new units. The next venture in October 2003 redeveloped 3,210 existing housing units in four and a half years. In October 2004, 76 units were privatized at San Mateo Point. In September 2006, the remaining existing 2,771 units were privatized. Between 2007 and 2014, 315 new homes were built, with the remaining 250 to be completed in mid-2017. The base’s two PPV partners will manage military family housing until 2050. Between 2008 and 2011, the Marine Corps Barracks Recapitalization program funded 42 barracks projects worth $1.4 billion at Camp Pendleton. Newly constructed or renovated barracks resulted in individual rooms accommodating up to two Marines or Sailors, allowing between 90 and 180 square feet of living space (rank dependent) with a shared or private bathroom. Fortunately, tent cities, wood-framed H-style barracks, corrugated steel Quonset huts, and reinforced concrete “flat top” barracks with open squad bay living accommodations and community-style bathrooms are a thing of the past. Article courtesy of Oceanside Chamber of Commerce, Camp Pendleton 75th Anniversary magazine.
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Current Base Housing Information: Family Housing Areas: 22 Family Housing Units: 7,545
Bachelor Housing Areas: 14 Bachelor Enlisted Quarters (BEQ): 188 Capacity: 38,000+
*The Hometown Heroes Program applies to select homes and some conditions apply. Offer applies only to current employed or retired individuals who have worked or are currently working in the following professions: firefighters, law enforcement officers and staff working for governmental law enforcement authorities, any person employed by an educational institution, medical doctors and nurses, paramedics, and United States military personnel. Proof of current employment or previous employment (in the case of retired employees) must be provided to obtain discount.**Veteran applicant must have sufficient VA entitlement to qualify. Price is subject to change without notice. Stated dimensions and square footage are approximate and should not be used as representation of the home’s precise or actual size. Please see your New Home Consultant and home purchase agreement for actual features designated as an Everything’s Included feature, additional information, disclosures, and disclaimers relating to your home and its features. Lennar Homes of California, Inc. License #728102. Lennar Sales Corp. California Bureau of Real Estate License #01252753. Copyright © 2017 Lennar Corporation. All rights reserved. Lennar, the Lennar logo, Next Gen - The Home Within A Home, the Next Gen logo, Everything’s Included and the Everything’s Included logo are registered service marks or service marks of Lennar Corporation and/or its subsidiaries. 4/17
2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
Maj. Gen. John A. LeJeune
This Month in Marine Corps History 1 May 1992: BGen Marvin Hopgood Jr. led 1,500 Marines from Camp Pendleton to help quell the Los Angeles riots. 2 May 1946: Marines helped quell a prison riot at Alcatraz Island, California. 3 May 1898: Lt Dion Williams and Marines from the USS Baltimore raised the American flag over Cavite, Philippines. 4 May 1942: Marines participated in the Battle of the Coral Sea during WW II. 5 May 1919: HQMC moved into the new Navy Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. 5 May 1961: Marine pilots retrieved Americaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s first astronaut, Navy Commander Alan Shepard. 6 May 1937: Marines at NAS, Lakehurst, New Jersey, helped rescue survivors of the Hindenburg disaster. 6 May 1942: The colors of the 4th Marines Regiment were burned to avoid capture on Corregidor. 7 May 1942: The 8th Defense Battalion (reinforced) landed on Wallis Island from Tutuila Island. 8 May 1808: Marine Barracks, Charleston was established under Lt Pinckney and 22 Marines. 9 May 1846: Lt Archibald Gillespie delivered a presidential message to Capt John C. J. Fremont in Oregon. 10 May 1845: Marines and Sailors of the USS Constitution landed at Tourane, Cochin China (later known as Da Nang, Vietnam). 22
ARMED FORCES DAY
10 May 1934: The first amphibious landing exercise by embryo FMF at Culebra. 11 May 1920: The 16th Marine Regiment organized at Philadelphia for duty in Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic. 12 May 1975: Marines were alerted for rescue of the Mayaguez crew and assault on Koh Tang Island, Cambodia. 13 May 1846: Was was declared against Mexico. 13 May 1928: Marines participated in the Battle of Cua River in Nicaragua. 14 May 1917: The first Marine detachment transferred from Annapolis to a new Marine post at Quantico. 14 May 1919: Marines from the USS Arizona landed at Constantinople to secure the American Consulate. 15 May 1862: Corporal John Mackie became the first Marine awarded the Medal of Honor. 15 May 1991: After flooding killed 130,000 in Bangladesh, the 5th MEB provided aid in Operation Sea Angel. 16 May 1927: Marines participated in the Battle of La Paz Centro in Nicaragua. 17 May 1962: The 3rd MEU landed in Thailand, easing communist pressure. 18 May 1902: Marines from the USS Ranger landed in Panama City to protect Americans. 19 May 1927: The 11th Marine Regiment arrived at Esteli, Nicaragua, for garrison duty. 20 May 1803: Marines participated in the raid on Tripoli. 20 May 1906: Major John A. Lejeune embarked his battalion for duty in Panama.
BRINGING ADVANCED MANUFACTURING BACK TO AMERICA, BRINGING ADVANCED MANUFACTURING BACK TO AMERICA, ONE VETERAN AT A TIME! ONE VETERAN AT A TIME!
Workshops for Warriors provides quality hands-on training, accredited STEM educational programs, and opportunities to earn for Warriors providescredentials quality hands-on training, accredited STEM Warriors, educational programs, and opportunities to earnto be thirdWorkshops party nationally recognized to enable Veterans, Wounded and Transitioning Service Members BRINGING ADVANCED MANUFACTURING BACK TO AMERICA, third party nationally recognized credentials to enable Veterans, Wounded Warriors, and Transitioning Service Members to be successfully trained in their chosen advanced manufacturing career field, all at no cost to the Veteran. BRINGING ADVANCED MANUFACTURING BACK TO AMERICA, successfully trained in their chosen manufacturing career field, all atTO no cost to the Veteran. BRINGING ADVANCED MANUFACTURING BACK AMERICA, ONEadvanced VETERAN AT AATIME! ONE VETERAN AT TIME! Workshops for Warriors’ Machining Students Earn Nationally Recognized Portable ONEand VETERAN AT A TIME! Workshops for Warriors’ Machining and Students Earn Nationally Recognized Portable
Programs Teach: Credentials From: Workshops for Welding Warriors provides quality hands-on training, accredited STEM educational programs, and opportunities to earn third party nationally recognized credentials to enable Veterans, Wounded Warriors, and Transitioning Service Members to be Welding Programs Teach: Credentials From: Workshops for Warriors provides quality hands-on training, accredited STEM educational programs, and opportunities to earn third party nationally recognized to enable Veterans, Wounded Warriors, and Service Members to be successfully trainedcredentials in their chosen advanced manufacturing career field, all at Transitioning no cost to the Veteran. third party successfully nationally recognized credentials to enable Veterans, Wounded Warriors, and Transitioning Service Members to be Computer-Aided Design The American Welding Society (AWS) trained in their chosen advanced manufacturing career field, all at no cost to the Veteran. Computer-Aided Design The American Welding Society (AWS) successfully trained in their chosen advanced manufacturing careerInstitute field, all at no cost to the Veteran. Computer-Aided Manufacturing National Metalworking Skills (NIMS) Workshops for Warriors’ Machining and Students Earn Nationally RecognizedSkills Portable Computer-Aided Manufacturing National Institute forfor Metalworking (NIMS) Machinery Repair and Maintenance Mastercam University Portable Welding Programs Teach: and Credentials From: Machinery Repair and Maintenance Mastercam University Workshops for Warriors’ Machining Students Earn Nationally Recognized Workshops for Warriors’ Machining and Students Earn Nationally Recognized Portable CNC and manual Machining and Turning SolidWorks CNC and manual Machining and Turning SolidWorks Welding Programs Teach: Credentials From: Welding Programs Teach: Credentials From:(AWS) Computer-Aided Design The American Welding Society Welding and Fabrication Immerse2Learn Welding and Fabrication Immerse2Learn Computer-Aided Manufacturing National Institute for Metalworking Skills(AWS) (NIMS) Computer-Aided Design The American Welding Society Computer-Aided The American Welding Society (AWS) Machinery Repair andDesign Maintenance Mastercam University Computer-Aided Manufacturing National Institute for Metalworking Skills (NIMS) The Impact and and How Can The Impact How You You CanHelp Help SolidWorks CNC and manual Machining and Turning Computer-Aided Manufacturing National Institute for Metalworking Skills (NIMS) Machinery Repair and Maintenance Mastercam University Welding and Fabrication Immerse2Learn Machinery Repair and Maintenance Mastercam University Workshops for Warriors addresses two challenges: The need for lifelong employment among Veterans transitioning Workshops Warriors among Veterans transitioning CNCfor and manualaddresses Machiningtwo andchallenges: Turning The need for lifelong employment SolidWorks CNCservice, and manual Machining and Turning SolidWorks from the and the limited pipeline of skilled workers in the advanced manufacturing industry. According to a to a from the service,Welding and theand limited pipeline of skilled workers in the advanced manufacturing Fabrication Immerse2Learnindustry. According Welding and Fabrication Immerse2Learn The Impact and How You Can Help Foundation report,more morethan than2.3 2.3million million advanced jobs in the United States are are 20152015 FordFord Foundation report, advancedmanufacturing manufacturing jobs in the United States unfilled due to lack of skilled labor. Workshops for Warriors addresses two challenges: The need for lifelong employment among Veterans transitioning Workshops for Warriors provides quality hands-on training, accredited STEM educational programs, and opportunities to earn
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TheofImpact and How Youadvanced CanforHelp fromthe thegenerosity service, andofthe limited pipeline skilled workers in the manufacturing industry. tono a cost Through private and corporate donations, Workshops Warriors is able to provideAccording training at Through the generosity of private and corporate donations, Workshops for Warriors is able to provide training at no cost 2015 Foundation report, more than 2.3they million advanced manufacturing inamong the United Statestransitioning are Workshops forFord Warriors addresses two challenges: Thecan need for on lifelong Veterans to the Veterans so that focus schoolemployment and notjobs survival. Workshops for Warriorsto addresses two challenges: The need for lifelong employment among Veterans transitioning unfilled due to lack of the skilled labor. and the Veterans that they can focus onadvanced school not survival.industry. According to a from the service, and the limited pipelineso of skilled workers in manufacturing from the service, and the limited pipeline of skilled workers in the advanced manufacturing industry. According to a 2015 Foundation report, more than million jobstoin inprovide the United United States are Through the generosity of private corporate donations, Workshopsmanufacturing for Warriors is able training at noare cost 2015Ford Ford Foundation report,and more than2.3 2.3 million advanced advanced manufacturing jobs the States unfilled due to lack of skilled labor. to the Veterans so that they can focus on school and not survival. unfilled due to lack of skilled labor. Through is able able to to provide provide training training at atno nocost cost Throughthe thegenerosity generosityofofprivate privateand andcorporate corporatedonations, donations, Workshops Workshops for for Warriors Warriors is to survival. tothe theVeterans Veteransso sothat thatthey they can can focus focus on on school school and and not not survival.
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2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
Navajo Code Talkers in formation at Camp Pendleton, c.1943; photo courtesy of Camp Pendleton Archives
NAVAJO CODE TALKERS The Marine Corps Navajo Code Talker Program was established in February 1942 when 29 Navajos were recruited and completed boot camp at Camp Elliott in San Diego. The program started as a result of Philip Johnston's recommendation to Maj. Gen. Clayton B. Vogel, Commanding General of the Amphibious Corps, Pacific Fleet. Johnston, the son of a missionary to the Navajo tribe, was fluent in their language and believed its use could guarantee communications security because it was an unwritten language completely unintelligible to anyone except the Navajos. Upon Vogel's recommendation, the Marine's established a pilot program using the original twenty-nine Navajos, and after successful results set up a permanent program at Camp Elliott and Camp Pendleton. Following basic boot camp at Camp Elliott, the Navajo recruits were sent to the Field Signal Battalion Training Center at Camp Pendleton (located in Area 13) where they were trained in standard communication procedures and equipment. Instruction included operation of radios, running and repair of communications cable, and sending and receiving Morse code. While at Camp Pendleton, the first group of Navajos devised Navajo words for military terms that were not part of their language. Once they had completed training these Marines were assigned to one of the Marine's three combat divisions. By the end of the war in 1945, nearly 420 Navajos were involved. The Code Talkers proved to be highly successful in their training and in combat situations, where they were able to reduce the delivery time of messages, which would have taken longer if using conventional cryptographic techniques. Code Talkers on Saipan, June 1944; photo courtesy of Camp Pendleton Archives
President George W. Bush presented the Congressional Gold Medal to four of the five living original 29 Navajo Code Talkers and to relatives of the other 24 Native Americans on July 26, 2001; President Bill Clinton signed a bill on Dec. 21, 2000, to grant the Congressional Gold Medals to the original 29 code talkers and Silver Medals to about 300 Navajos who followed them to the Pacific Theater during World War II. Source: Camp Pendleton Archives; USMC History Division website, www.usmcu.edu/content/navajo-code-talkers-world-war-ii; U.S. Department of State website, iipdigital.usembassy.gov 24
ARMED FORCES DAY
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The War Dog Platoons During the course of some of the war’s most vicious battles Less than twenty-four hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor, -- Guam, Saipan, Iwo Jima and Okinawa -- they were awarded the Japanese invaded Guam, an American possession. The five Silver Stars and seven Bronze Stars for heroism in action, small Pacific island, virtually defenseless, held out for only and more than forty Purple Hearts for wounds received in four days. For the next two and a half years, the brave people battle. of Guam endured a horrible occupation: they were starved, beaten, and herded into concentration camps. Many of In these battles, as in their training, the men learned to Guam’s people were summarily shot for crimes they did not depend on their dogs and to trust their dogs’ instincts with commit. Some were beheaded. No their lives. Yet when I returned other American civilians suffered so home from overseas, I found that much under so brutal a conqueror. rather than spend the time and expense to detrain the dogs, our On July 21, 1944, the Americans military had begun to destroy them. struck back. The battle for Guam Our dogs, primarily Doberman lasted only a few weeks, until August Pinschers and German Shepherds, 10, 1944, when the island was had been recruited from the civilian declared secured. In those weeks, population with the promise that American Marine, Army, and they be returned, intact, when the Navy casualties exceeded 7,000. war ended. Now, however, higherAn estimated 18,500 Japanese were ups argued that these dogs suffered killed, and another 8,000 Japanese from the “junkyard dog” syndrome: remained hidden in the jungle they were killers. Higher-ups were refusing to surrender. wrong. I lobbied for the right to Among our dead were 25 dogs, detrain these dogs and won. Our specially trained by the U.S. Marines program of de-indoctrination to search out the enemy hiding in the was overwhelmingly successful: bush, detect mines and booby traps, out of the 549 dogs that returned On Guam, First Lieutenant William R. Putney commanded alert troops in foxholes at night to the 1st Dog Platoon and was the veterinarian for all war dogs from the war, only 4 could not be approaching Japanese, and to carry on Guam. detrained and returned to civilian messages, ammunition and medical life. Household pets once, the dogs supplies. They were buried in a small became household pets again. In many cases, in fact, because section of the Marine Cemetery, in a rice paddy on the landing the original, civilian owners were unable or unwilling to take beach at Asan that became known as the War Dog Cemetery. the dogs back, the dogs went home with the handlers that they I was the commanding officer of the 3rd War Dog Platoon had served so well during the war. during the battle for Guam. Lieutenant William T. Taylor and More than seventy-three years have passed since the Battle I led 110 men and 72 dogs through training, first at Camp of Guam. The dogs, of course, are long gone, and to the Lejeune, North Carolina; then at Camp Pendleton, California; annual reunions fewer and fewer veterans of the war dog later on Guadalcanal and then into battle on Guam. platoons return. Although it was a small chapter in the history Most of the young Marines were assigned to the war dog of that worldwide conflagration, the story of the war dog program only by a twist of fate. Some had never owned a platoons is significant. The dogs proved so valuable on Guam dog in their lives, and some were even afraid of them. But that every Marine division was assigned a war dog platoon trained as dog handlers, they were expected to scout far and they paved the way for the many dogs that have followed forward of our lines, in treacherous jungle terrain, searching them in the armed services, most famously in Vietnam. for Japanese soldiers hidden in caves or impenetrable thickets. For their contribution to the war effort, the dogs paid a dear Under these circumstances, the rifles we carried were often price, but the good they did was still far out of proportion useless; a handler’s most reliable weapons were his dog’s to the sacrifice they made. They and their handlers led over highly developed senses of smell and hearing, which could 550 patrols on Guam alone, and encountered enemy soldiers alert him far in advance of an enemy ambush or attack, or on over half of them, but were never once ambushed. They the presence of a deadly mine, so he could warn in turn the saved hundreds of lives, and embodied the Marine Corps Marines who followed behind at a safer distance. It was one motto, Semper Fidelis. of the most dangerous jobs in World War II, and more dogs were employed by the 2nd and 3rd Platoons on Guam than in all of the other battles in the Pacific. William W. Putney, a Marine Corps officer who trained and led war dogs during the World War II campaign on the Pacific During the course of the war, 15 of the handlers in the island of Guam and wrote of their heroism in his popular 2nd and 3rd Platoons were killed: 3 at Guam, 4 on Saipan book “Always Faithful.” and 8 on Iwo Jima. These men were among the bravest and best-trained Marines of World War II, and were awarded the Putney passed in 2003 at his home in Woodland Hills, medals to prove it. California. 26
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U.S. Presidents & Military Men During World War II and Korea, Harry S Truman presented no fewer than 112 Medals of Honor. The American President was a combat veteran of World War I and understood well the nature of battle and the courage represented by the Medal he loved to drape around the neck of an American hero. It was his custom as he leaned forward to drape the distinctive blue ribbon around the neck of a sailor, soldier, airman or marine to remark, “I would rather have this medal than to be President.” Many of our American Presidents have graced the Oval Office after first serving in the uniform of the military. Below are quotes from five Presidents who were distinguished officers in the military before elective office. See how many quotes you can match to the correct President. 1. “I know what I am fit for. I can command a body of men in a rough way; but I am not fit to be President.” a. George Washington b. Andrew Jackson c. Theodore Roosevelt d. Harry S Truman e. Dwight Eisenhower 2. “If we desire to avoid insult, we must be able to repel it; if we desire to secure peace, one of the most powerful instruments of our rising prosperity, it must be known, that we are at all times ready for War.” a. George Washington b. Andrew Jackson c. Theodore Roosevelt d. Harry S Truman e. Dwight Eisenhower 3. “The necessary and wise subordination of the military to civil power will be best sustained...when lifelong professional soldiers, in the absence of some obvious and overriding reasons, abstain from seeking high political office.” a. George Washington b. Andrew Jackson c. Theodore Roosevelt d. Harry S Truman e. Dwight Eisenhower 4. “The idea that I should become President seems to me too visionary to require a serious answer. It has never entered my head, nor is it likely to enter the head of any other person.” a. Andrew Jackson b. Zachary Taylor c. Ulysses Grant d. Harry S Truman e. Dwight Eisenhower 5. “No triumph of peace is quite so great as the supreme triumphs of war.” a. George Washington b. Andrew Jackson c. Theodore Roosevelt d. Harry S Truman e. Dwight Eisenhower Answers on page 38
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Marilyn Monroe with Camp Pendleton Marines, 1952.Typical Rifle Company, Company Office, 5th
Sands of Iwo Jima filming - Camp Pendleton, 1949. Las Pulgas, 43 Area. Camp Pendelton. 1968.
Marine Regiment, Camp Margarita, Camp Pendleton. 1964.
Camp Pendleton Marines who volunteered for Staff Sergeant William W. McMillan. American another in Korea. Olympic Squadtour At Helsinki. 1952.
Camp Pendleton Marines who volunteered for
Daniel P Matthews, Post, Camp Pendleton. 6th another tour inMOH Korea. Infantry Training Battalion (AIT), 1951. ARMED FORCES DAY
Camp Pendleton Women’s baseball
Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Training R team. 1951. 52 Area. Camp Pendleton. 1964.
9th Marine Regiment Camp Pendleton Clifton Cates and MaureenStaff. O’Hara aboard Camp 1 September 1942. Pendleton, November, 1945.
training United Corps StatesBirthday Marine Raiders Marine Cake in 1951. Pendleton. 1943.
Anti-aircraft unit at Camp Pendleton. 1940’s.
Camp Pendleton’s Cold Weather Batta 1st Marine Division. Camp Pendleton, Pickel Meadows, California. 1951.
Camp Pendleton, CA 1943.
g at Camp
Marine Corps Birthday Pageant, Camp Pendleton,
A Company, 3rd Tank Battalion Camp 1954. Pendleton. 1958.
Main Gate Camp Pend
Cpl. Weather Charles Patterson . Tent Pendleton, Camp 2, Camp Cold Training. Camp 1950. Pendleton. 1955.
Cpl. Steve Niebur & Cpl. Jim Mor ton 5th Marines,Camp Pe Lew nd islet Pulon ler19 wit60 h .Lewis Walt. Cam
p Pendleton, 1952
Marine Corps Birthday Pageant aboard Camp Sherman Tank engine repair. Pendleton. 10 November 1954.Camp Pendleton,
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The Righ The Montford Point Marines are often honored as important figures and role models in American history because they willingly fought to protect a nation that still did not offer them basic civil rights. African American men were willing to give their lives for their country at a time when they were still subjected to lynching, terror and racism, in their communities, without the protection of our government. The Montford Point Marines helped to integrate the armed forces and encourage respect for African American men and women in the armed forces. The men of Montford Point made it impossible for the Marine Corps to return to its prewar policy. The battle that took place from 1939 to 1945 for world freedom has been referred to as America’s war. But while American troops fought the horror of World War II, the Montford Point Marines fought a second battle - one for equal treatment. Today’s Marine Corps is fully integrated, but for generations, the Marines did not admit African Americans. The integration of the American military was a long process that started in 1941. The Marine Corps today contains many successful African American members and leaders, who trace their lineage to the “Chosen Few,” or the group known as the “Montford Pointers.” 30
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ht to Fight The early days of WWII were tough and dark for African Americans wanting to join the Marine Corps. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt and Mary McLeod Bethune understood this problem. Mary McLeod Bethune gained national recognition in 1936 when President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her Director of the Division of Negro Affairs of the National Youth Administration, making her the first African American woman to become a federal agency head. During her eight years of service she supervised the expansion of employment opportunities and recreational facilities for African American youth throughout the United States. She also served as special assistant to the secretary of war during World War II. Bethune had an agenda. She wanted to see African Americans fully integrated into American life. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our people will never be satisfied until we see black faces in high places,â&#x20AC;? was one of her famous quotes. Through her government assignments, Mary McLeod Bethune and the First Lady became close friends working together for racial justice and gender equality. Continued on page 32 2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
ng ov n looki o s n h o ”J 3. shmark rt “Ha rd Point, 194 e b l i G o f t n Sgt. o at M recruits
Cpl. Alvin “Tony” Ghazlo, the senior bayonet and unarmed instructor at Montford Point.
T he first Black Alfred Masters Marine recruit to be swor n in was on June 1, 1 Oklahoma City 942 at 12:01 a.m. in , Oklahoma
Loyalty, Honor and Courage in the Face of Racism The United States had not yet become involved in the horror gripping Europe and the Pacific, but times were tense. It was against this backdrop, at the urging of his wife, Eleanor, and threatened by President of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and civil rights activist A. Philip Randolph with a march on Washington, that on June 25th, 1941, President Roosevelt signed executive order 8802 establishing the Fair Employment Practice Commission The order banned racial discrimination in any defense industry receiving federal contracts. Order 8802 declared: “There shall be no discrimination in the employment of workers in defense industries or government because of race, creed, color, or national origin.” The order also empowered the FEPC to investigate complaints and take action against alleged employment discrimination. On April 7, 1942, Sec. of the Navy Frank Knox announced that the Navy, Coast Guard and Marine Corps would soon allow African-Americans to enlist. Later they specified that 900 African American recruits would become members of the 51st Composite Defense Battalion. Brig. General Keller E. Rockey, Director of Plans and Policy for Headquarters U.S. Marine Corps, also recommended that African Americans be assigned to composite defense battalions. (The battalions that included a company of infantry bore the title “composite.”) Republican Presidential nominee, Wendell L. Willkie, delivered a speech at the Freedom House inaugural dinner on March 19, 1942. He described the Navy’s “racial bias” in excluding blacks from enlisting except as mess attendants as a “mockery.” He challenged, “Are we always as alert to practice democracy here at home as we are to proclaim it abroad?” 32
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Willkie also went on national radio to criticize Republicans and Democrats for ignoring “the Negro question.” To illustrate the similarity between racism and Fascism, he said, “The desire to deprive some of our citizens of their rights — economic, civic or political — has the same basic motivation as actuates the Fascist mind when it seeks to dominate whole peoples and nations. It is essential that we eliminate it at home as well as abroad.” He is well known for his quote, “Those who rejoice in denying justice to one they hate, pave the way to a denial of justice for someone they love.” Recruiting for the “Montford Marines” began on June 1, 1942. Thousands of African American men, eager to serve, flocked to recruiting offices. The African American recruits were not sent to the traditional boot camps of Parris Island, South Carolina or San Diego, California. They were segregated - undergoing basic training at Montford Point, a facility at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. The first recruits reported to Montford Point, a small section of land on Camp Lejeune, North Carolina on August 26, 1942. By October only 600 recruits had begun training although the call was for 1,000 for combat in the 51st and 52nd Composite Defense Battalions. Initially the recruits were trained by white officers and noncommissioned officers (NCOs) but citing a desire to have blacks train blacks, the Marines quickly singled out several exceptional black recruits to serve as NCO drill instructors. In January 1943, Edgar R. Huff became the first black NCO as a private first class. In February Gilbert “Hashmark” Johnson, a 19-year veteran of the Army and Navy, became the first Drill Sergeant.
ery drill. te in a batt
es partic oint Marin Montford P
New recru become M its lineup to begin th ontford e journ Point, New Point Marines, M ey to ontf River, N.C ., April 1 ord 943.
By May 1943 all training at Montford Point was done by black sergeants and drill instructors (DIs), with Johnson as chief DI. Both Johnson and Huff would be renowned throughout the entire Marine Corps for their demanding training and exceptional leadership abilities. In June 1943, the qualifier “composite” disappeared from the designation of the 51st Defense Battalion. The 155mm battery became a group and the machine gun unit evolved into the Special Weapons Group, with 20mm and 40mm weapons, as well as machine guns. Of the 19,168 blacks who served in the Marine Corps during World War II, 12,738, went overseas in the defense battalions or combat support companies or as stewards. The men of the 51st soon distinguished themselves as the finest artillery gunners in the Marine Corps, breaking almost every accuracy record in training. Unfortunately, discrimination towards African American fighting abilities still existed and when shipped to the Pacific, the 51st and 52nd were posted to outlying islands away from the primary action. The only Montfort Marines to see action, and record casualties, were the Ammunition and Depot Companies in Saipan, Guam, and Peleliu. Private Kenneth Tibbs was the first black Marine to lose his life on June 15, 1944. More than 2,000 blacks participated in the World War II fight for Okinawa, a larger concentration than for any previous operation, according to Marines in World War II Commemorative Series at www.nps.gov/archive. Marine divisions stormed ashore alongside two Army divisions, while one Marine division engaged in a feint to pin down the island’s Japanese defenders. Black Marines also saw action seizing the Mariana Islands Saipan, Tinian and Guam.
Montford Point Marines receive 90mm training.
They also attacked the heavily defended island of Peleliu in the Palau group. According to the website, “black Leathernecks demonstrated they had earned the right to fight alongside their white fellow Marines” when the 34th and 36th Marine Depots laid a field of fire against hidden Japanese, killing 350 of their Soldiers to clear an air strip. After hearing of the heroism of the black enlisted men, Lt. Gen. Alexander A. Vandegrift, commandant of the Marine Corps, declared “The Negro Marines are no longer on trial. They are Marines, period.” In July 1948, despite strong opposition from Democrats of the segregated South, President Harry S. Truman signed Executive Order 9981, which required the desegregation of the military. In 1949 Montford Point was deactivated, and new black recruits were sent to Parris Island and Camp Pendleton. During the Korean War, the United States Marine Corps fully integrated. The Montford Point Marines trained hard, had a strong sense of loyalty and honor and was eager to prove they were ready to fight. They fought for a country that had yet to recognize them as equal, or good enough. On the battlefield, Marines fought together for a common cause without segregation. The lessons the Marines had taught each other on the battlefield would become the seeds of change in the pre-Civil Rights era, which would begin to transform our society. It is through the side-by-side, firsthand experiences in war that black Marines and white Marines became “green” Marines. The conditions of war forced men to look at their similarities instead of their differences. They were Americans first, fighting for their country. 2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
Marine Corps Hymn Following the Barbary Wars of 1805, the Colors of the Corps were inscribed with the words “to the shores of Tripoli.” After the capture and occupation of Mexico City in 1847, the Colors were changed to read “from the shores of Tripoli to the Halls of Montezuma.” These events in Marine Corps history are the origin of the opening words of the Marines’ Hymn. Tradition holds that the words to the Marines’ Hymn were written by a Marine serving in Mexico. In truth, the author of the words remains unknown. Colonel Albert S. McLemore and Walter F. Smith, Assistant Band Director during the John Philip Sousa era, sought to trace the melody to its origins. It was reported to Colonel McLemore that by 1878 the tune was very popular in Paris, originally appearing as an aria in the Jacques Offenbach opera Genevieve de Brabant. John Philips Sousa later confirmed this belief in a letter to Major Harold Wirgman, USMC, stating “The melody of the ‘Halls of Montezuma’ is taken from Offenbach’s comic opera...” Its origins notwithstanding, the hymn saw widespread use by the mid-1800s. Copyright ownership of the hymn was given to the Marine Corps per certificate of registration dated 19 August 1891. In 1929, it became the official hymn of the United States Marine Corps. On 21 November 1942, the Commandant of the Marine Corps authorized an official change in the first verse, fourth line, to reflect the changing mission of the Marine Corps. The new line read “in the air, on land and sea.” That change was originally proposed by Gunnery Sergeant H.L. Tallman, an aviator and veteran of World War I. Shortly after World War II, Marines began to stand at attention during the playing of The Marines’ Hymn, Today that tradition continues today to honor all those who have earned the title “United States Marine.” 2017 ARMED FORCES DAY
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History of the Marine Corps Flag Very little information is available regarding the flags carried by early American Marines, although indications are that the Grand Union flag was carried ashore by the battalion led by Captain Samuel Nicholas on New Providence Island, 3 March 1776. It is quite possible that the Rattlesnake flag was also carried on this expedition. The standard carried by the Marines during the 1830s and 1840s consisted of a white field with gold fringe, and bore an elaborate design of an anchor and eagle in the center. Prior to the Mexican War, this flag bore the legend “To the Shores of Tripoli” across the top. Shortly after the war, the legend was revised to read: “From Tripoli to the Halls of the Montezumas.” During the Mexican and Civil Wars, Marines in the field apparently carried a flag similar to the national flag, comprised of red and white stripes and a union. The union, however, contained an eagle perched on a shield of the United States and a halfwreath beneath the shield, with 29 stars encircling the entire design. Beginning in 1876, Marines carried the national colors (the Stars and Stripes) with “U.S. Marine Corps” embroidered in yellow on the middle red stripe. At the time of the Vera Cruz landing in 1914, a more distinctive standard was carried by Marines. The design consisted of a blue field with a laurel wreath encircling the Marine Corps emblem in the center. A scarlet ribbon above the emblem carried the words “U.S. Marine Corps,” while another scarlet ribbon below the emblem carried the motto “Semper Fidelis.”
Orders were issued on 2 April 1921 which directed all national colors be manufactured without the yellow fringe and without the words “U.S. Marine Corps” embroidered on the red stripe. This was followed by an order dated 14 March 1922, retiring from use all national colors still in use with yellow fringe or wording on the flag. Following World War I, the Army practice of attaching silver bands carrying inscriptions enumerating specific decorations and battles was adopted. This practice was discontinued on 23 January 1961. Marine Corps Flag Marine Corps Order No. 4 of 18 April 1925 designated gold and scarlet as the official colors of the U.S. Marine Corps. These colors, however, were not reflected in the official Marine Corps standard until 18 January 1939, when a new design incorporating the new colors was approved. The design was essentially that of today’s Marine Corps standard. For a brief time following World War I, the inscribing of battle honors directly on the colors of a unit was in practice, but realization that a multiplicity of honors and the limited space on the colors made the system impractical, and the procedure was discontinued. On 29 July 1936, a Marine Corps Board recommended that the Army system of attaching streamers to the staff of the organizational colors be adopted. Such a system was finally authorized by Marine Corps Order No. 157, dated 3 November 1939, and is currently in practice.
21-Gun Salute Today, the firing of guns is seen as a great honor bestowed upon both military and political officials. Firing guns at the approach of a party demonstrates not only welcome but also respect and trust. In former times, however, firing all guns could leave a ship, fort or battery virtually defenseless, for the reloading took a great deal of time. For this reason, gun salutes were seen as a great honor. The practice of firing gun salutes was well established by the sixteenth century, although gun salutes had existed for centuries. Later, the number of guns to fire was designated for various ceremonies, honors and officials — in relation to their importance and position. The firing of three rifle volleys (rounds) over the graves of fallen armed forces members and political leaders can be traced to the European dynastic wars, when fighting was halted to remove the dead and wounded. Once an area was cleared of casualties, three volleys were sent into the air as a signal to resume fighting. By about 1730, the British navy was prescribing 21 guns for certain anniversary dates as a personal salute to members of the royal family. This was not mandatory, however. The 21-gun salute was adopted as the standard salute for royalty in 1808. The United States fired a “national salute,” on special occasions and during times of mourning, of one gun for each state in the union until 1841, when the salute was standardized at 21 guns. It was customary at that time, when naval vessels were visiting foreign ports, to salute the flag of that nation with the number 36
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of guns present in the foreign country’s national salute. It would have been difficult, if not impossible, for vessels visiting the United States to fire a salute that, in 1841, doubled the number of guns prescribed by most other nations (42 as compared to 21). Also, it would have been internationally discourteous to offer a salute to a foreign port with fewer guns then prescribed by our own national salute. The British proposed that the two nations exchange salutes gun for gun when their vessels visited American ports in the nineteenth century. In 1875, the British minister at Washington, D.C., and the U.S. Secretary of State decided to work towards an agreement on salutes. On August 18, 1875, the United States formally adopted the 21gun salute, the number prescribed by Britain, France and other nations. No one can explain why the number 21 was chosen for national salutes. In ancient cultures, numerology, the study of numbers, developed symbolism behind most numbers. These cultures believed the number seven to be sacred and, therefore, it is believed, multiples of seven would be looked upon favorably (hence 21). Other gun salutes vary from five guns (the lowest) to 21 guns (the highest) by increments of two, and are prescribed in accordance with occasion and level of importance of those honored. It is generally believed that gun salutes are set off in odd numbers because of an old naval superstition that even numbers are unlucky.
It’s a Marine Thing by Lance Cpl. Paul W. Hirseman III “Oorah!” Marines hear it each and every day. Ingrained into Marine minds since boot camp, this distinctly Marine call is barked back and forth in an almost endless stream of motivation. However, take a step back and ask that Marine, “where did ‘Oorah’ come from exactly?” The answer is rarely the same. Countless stories abound regarding the mysterious origins of our beloved phrase. However, unlike many Marine traditions, “Oorah” is rather new. As any veteran of the past 50 years would say, no Marine before 1950 could be found saying it. The true popularization of the word came in the ‘80s and ‘90s, when it fully emerged from the murky secrecy of Marine reconnaissance through drill instructors and by other means into use by Marines around the world. “As far as I had been told, ‘Oorah simply means ‘let’s kill,’” said Staff Sgt. Hugo Monroy, drill instructor for Platoon 1094, Delta Co., 1st RTBn. “As far as its origin, I really don’t know. I always assumed it was simply a Marine tradition that was passed down from Marine to Marine.” The stories of “Oorah’s” origins range from the logical to the absurd, including stories such as it being Turkish for kill, which is in fact öldürmek, or even simply a direct counter against the Army’s “Hooah.”
But where did the word really come from? Marines and historians have determined the true origins of “Oorah” lie with recon Marines stationed in Korea in 1953. During this time, reconnaissance Marines in the 1st Amphibious Reconnaissance Co., found themselves traveling via submarine to where they were needed. The memorable call of “dive, dive!” would be called on the intercom and a klaxon alarm, which made a very distinct “Aarugha” sound, would announce the descent of the sub below water. The recon Marines, who heard this sound often, started using it as a motivational tool during runs and physical training. Over time, the word “Aarugha” came to be too much of a mouthful, and eventually molded itself into the familiar “Oorah,” according to Maj. Gary Marte, a retired Marine. Confirmation for this version of the story rests with the official Marine Corps Training Reference Manual on the history of Marine recon, titled “Aarugha,” the manual gives credence on the origination of the phrase with reconnaissance Marines. “Oorah” is just one of the things that separates Marines from any other branch of service, and has become a part of our lasting history. It is the traditions, the history, that makes Marines stand out. The stories passed from drill instructor to recruit, and from Marine to Marine, they add the color to the Corps. Hablamos Español
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*$500 rebate offered by Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc. and may be applied toward finance or lease contracts on new Toyota or Scion (discontinued 2016) vehicles, dated from January 4, 2017 through July 5, 2017. To qualify for the rebate, at the time of purchase or lease you must (1) be in current active duty status in the U.S. military (Navy, Army, Air Force, Marines, National Guard, Coast Guard and active Reserve) OR a U.S. military inactive reserve (i.e., Ready Reserve) that is part of the individual Ready Reserve, Selected Reserve and Inactive National Guard; OR a military veteran or retiree of the U.S. military within one year of their discharge/retirement date; OR a household member of an eligible U.S. military personnel, including Gold Star family members; AND (2) provide verifiable proof of military status or active service; (3) receive a salary sufficient to cover ordinary living expenses and payment for your new vehicle; and (4) receive credit approval from and execute a finance or lease contract through a participating Toyota dealer and Toyota Financial Services. Not all applicants will qualify. On lease contracts, rebate must be applied toward the Amount Due at Lease Signing or toward the Capitalized Cost Reduction. On finance contracts, rebate must be applied toward the Down Payment. Limit one rebate per finance or lease transaction per eligible U.S. military personnel or eligible household member. Offer not combinable with the College Graduate Rebate Program, the iFi Program, and the Lease-End Refi Program. Vehicle must be taken out of dealer stock. Terms, conditions and restrictions apply. Program is not available in AL, FL, GA, NC, and SC. Rebate terms may be more generous in your local area. Ask your participating dealer about the military rebate terms in your area. Must pay sales tax. Void where prohibited by law. Not redeemable for cash. Expires 12/31/17. Toyota Financial Services is a service mark of Toyota Motor Credit Corporation (TMCC). TMCC is the authorized attorney-in-fact and servicer for Toyota Lease Trust.
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who visited the base
President Franklin D. Roosevelt President Roosevelt officially dedicated Camp Joseph H. Pendleton on Sept. 25, 1942. During his visit, he reportedly urged the base’s commanding general at the time, Maj. Gen. Joseph Fegan, to preserve the historic Ranch House as an important part of California heritage. President Roosevelt returned to Camp Pendleton in July 1944 to observe an amphibious landing exercise.
President Lyndon B. Johnson President Johnson visited Camp Pendleton on Nov. 11, 1967 in honor of the 192nd anniversary of the Marine Corps. He sampled a 200-pound celebratory birthday cake alongside the base’s oldest and youngest serving Marines. During this time, troops from Camp Pendleton were returning to Vietnam after serving multiple tours.
President Richard Nixon A Southern California native, President Nixon visited Camp Pendleton a number of times and is said to have enjoyed walks on North County beaches. He visited the base in 1971 to present the Presidential Unit Citation to the 1st Marine Division as it returned home from Vietnam.
President Ronald Reagan Former President Ronald Reagan spoke to over 800 families at Camp Pendleton on March 1, 1991, thanking them for their sacrifices after the Gulf War and for helping to save world democracy.
President George W. Bush President Bush paid multiple visits to Camp Pendleton, but he also witnessed San Diego’s 2007 wildfires firsthand after authorizing federal aid to help extinguish them. President Bush spoke to a hundreds of firefighters, toured neighborhoods and flew over the damage in the Presidential helicopter, Marine One. Answers to President Quiz : 1: B, 2: A, 3: E, 4: B, 5: C 38
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Front page of Oceanside Bla
de Tr ibune newspaper, Oct.
President Barack Obama President Obama spoke to 3,000 Marines, sailors and their families in an air station hangar at Camp Pendleton in August 2013, praising them for their service and sacrifice in Afghanistan and Iraq over the prior twelve years.
2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
City Hall and Library Building, 704 Pier View Way. Built in 1934 this building was designed by Irving Gill. The $100,00 building was dedicated Dec. 19, 1934. The City Hall building remains a testimony to Gill’s simple and modernistic approach to architecture.
The Oceanside Fire Station, adjacent to City Hall was also designed by Irving Gill. It was later renamed the Walter Johnson Fire Station after a long time beloved fire chief. Built in 1929.
Oceanside Police Station, 305 North Nevada. It also housed the City Court and jail, located upstairs. It is now the home of the Oceanside Historical Society. Built in 1929.
St. Mary Star of the Sea Church, 609 Pier View Way, is an excellent example of the Mission Revival architecture. Constructed in 1927, it replaced an 1893 church that was moved and restored at 1510 Lemon Street in the historic Eastside Neighborhood.
The Bank of Italy, 202 No. Coast Highway, was built in 1927 and opened 1928. It was designed by noted L.A. architects Morgan, Walls and Clement. The Bank of Italy later became Bank of America. First National Bank of 5 The Oceanside, 201 North Coast Highway, was built in 1925. It replaced an earlier bank building built in 1887 that housed the library, city hall and private offices. This building remained a bank until the Great Depression. It later housed a five and dime store, as well as men’s wear store.
The J.E. Jones Hardware store at 501 Mission Avenue was completed in 1913. Jones, a farmer in the San Luis Rey valley, sold farm implements, hardware and household items. It was later Howe’s Hardware and eventually became Huckabay’s Department Store for many years. The Silver Slipper ballroom, a popular spot in the 1940s, was located upstairs.
The IOOF building was built in 1924. The Independent of Odd Fellows Oceanside Lodge No. 346 meetings were held upstairs while the downstairs was used as the City Hall. In 1929 the JC Penny Company leased the downstairs for their department store for 40 years.
This building at 517 Seagaze was Oceanside’s first permanent post office. Dedicated in January of 1936 it was a WPA project, one of several in Oceanside. Louis Simon aided in the design. A mural of the San Luis Rey valley, painted by Elise Seeds, (also a WPA project) graces the interior. One other WPA project is the wooden Coat of Arms over the doorway, completed by Stuart Holmes in 1936.
One of the oldest buildings in Oceanside, 625 Seagaze, was built in 1886 as the Congregational Church. The Methodists purchased the building in 1898 and called it home for decades. The fellowship hall (west side) was added on in 1958.
The First Christian Church, 204 South Freeman, was built in 1928. The congregation is the oldest in North County, forming in 1875. The beautiful stain glass windows are dedicated to those early charter members who lived in the San Luis Rey Valley.
The Keisker Hotel at 133 South Coast Highway was built in 1927. Touting steam heat and hot and cold running water to every room, it was AAA recommended. The hotel catered to travelers on their way from Los Angeles to Del Mar, San Diego and Tijuana. It was renamed the Dewitt Hotel by the 1940s and now operates as the Dolphin Hotel.
The Oceanside-Blade Tribune Building at 401 Seagaze was the last project renowned architect Irving Gill completed before his death in 1936. It was commissioned by the newspaper’s owners, Harold and Paul Beck. Born into an Iowa newspaper publishing family, the brothers in 1929 became the youngest publishers in the State of California.
The Oceanside Historical Society Historic Home and Walking Tour will be held on June 11, 2016 at 9 a.m. Walks take participants on a 2 hour tour to historic homes, churches, and banks, three Irving J. Gill buildings, the famed “Top Gun” house, the Oceanside Pier and band shell and variety of other sites. 40
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Historic Oceanside Downtown History
Historic Oceanside 4
P.O. BOX 125 OCEANSIDE, CA 92049-0125
Theodore C. Bunker purchased this property in 1885 from J. Chauncey Hayes and erected this 2-story brick structure at 322 North Cleveland Street in 1886. Known as the Bunker House it was a family residence as well as a boarding house. After Mr. Bunker’s untimely death the family moved to L.A. Years later it was renamed the Traveler’s Hotel. The building is said to have a colorful history, from the stabbing death of one of its owners to the years of use by prostitutes. It is the oldest remaining brick commercial/residential structure in Oceanside.
Walks are $15 per person if pre-registered. www.oceansidehistoricalsociety.org If you have any questions call (760) 722-4786
South Coast Highway
11 5 Downtown History Walk Guide 12 & Membership Thursday Evening Sunset Market
N. Cleveland St.
S. Cleveland St. Railroad Tracks
The George P. McKay building at 302 Pier View was completed in 1908. McKay moved from his previous location at the corner of Mission and Cleveland. The first floor of this building housed a general merchandise store carrying a wide variety of items. George and Mary McKay lived upstairs.
Pier View Way
Thursday Morning Farmer’s Market
The Oceanside Pier, our 6th was built in 1987. Our first pier was constructed in 1888 and was located at the end of Wisconsin Street. In 1894, the pier was rebuilt at the present location. Other piers were built in 1903, 1927 and 1947. The concrete approach, ramp and stairs were built in 1927.
Pier View Way
Oceanside’s bandshell was built in 1950. The first of 4 bandshells was built in 1919. A stage for the Miss Southern California Beauty Contests, concerts, beach openings, this current bandshell was even used in the 2000 movie “Bring It On” starring Kirsten Dunst.
The Strand Oceanside Pier
The Oceanside Historical Society exists solely on memberships and donations from our members and friends. All dues, donations and photo sale proceeds goes directly to the Oceanside Historical Society to continue our commitment to preserve AND share the History of Oceanside.
Civic Center Dr.
The Rorick Homes built in 1906 and 1913 are of the Craftsman style. The homes were designed by David Rorick, Sr., former city attorney who came to Oceanside from Lawrence, Kansas. David Rorick. Sr. and his family lived at 110 South Pacific and his father lived at 108 South Pacific. David Rorick, Jr. owner of Rorick Buick and civic leader was born in the family home in 1913.
While the historic name is the Henry Graves’ residence, most longtime residents refer to this home at 102 North Pacific as the “Top Gun” house. The property was used in the popular 1986 movie starring Tom Cruise. The house was built in 1887.
OCEANSIDE historical society
760-722-4786 Museum Location: 305 North Nevada Street Open Thurs-Sat 10 am to 2 pm www.oceansidehistoricalsociety.org email@example.com Find Us on Facebook
RECREATION BULLDOG BOX OFFICE THEATER Movies are shown Wednesday through Saturday at the Bulldog Box Office Theatre for service members, DOD employees and their guests. Free “retro” movies are shown on Sunday. The theater is inside the Base Training Center, Building 1330. For the movie schedule visit www.mccsCP.com/theater or call (760) 725-9217.
RECREATIONAL SHOOTING The Skeet and Trap Range is in the 25 Area (Vado Del Rio). It features four ranges: two skeet ranges for either American or International Skeet and two trap ranges. One range is regularly used for fivestand sporting clays. Sixteen yards, doubles, wobble and handicap trap are shot regularly. Firearms can be checked out for use on the range. Ammunition may be purchased and instruction is available at no cost. Hours are 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Wednesday through Sunday. It is open for active duty and retired military, their families, authorized DOD personnel and authorized guests. Hearing and eye protection are required for all participants and can be provided. We accept checks or cash only as we are unable to process credit/debit cards. Watch for our intramural, league and Vado Del Rio Trap & Skeet Club events. For more information, please call (760) 725-4832 or visit www.mccsCP.com/shoot.
BEACHES Two of California’s finest recreational beaches are at the northern and southern ends of Camp Pendleton’s coastline. Del Mar Beach Resort, at the southern end, and San Onofre Beach, at the northern end, offer a variety of activities. Cabanas, picnic tables, and barbecue grills are available on a first-come, first-served basis. Arrangements for private parties, unit events and special occasions may be made through the beach office. Also available is a snack bar, sundry store and equipment checkout (surf boards, bodyboards, beach chairs, children’s beach toys and volleyballs). Villas, cottages and campsites with electrical hookups are available to rent at both beaches. Relax, enjoy and experience your perfect getaway. Cabanas, palapas and beach equipment are also available for rental. For reservations at Del Mar Beach Resort, call (760) 725-2134. For San Onofre Beach Resort, call (760) 763-SURF/ SAND (7873/7263). For more information, visit www.mccsCP.com/resorts. 42
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RECREATION LAKE O’NEILL The Lake O’Neill peninsula is available for large group activities such as promotions, retirements and wedding receptions. This area has picnic cabanas, barbecue grills, a stage, electrical power, and athletic facilities. Lake O’Neill also offers campgrounds, fishing, boat rentals, miniature golf, playgrounds, volleyball, softball and more. For additional information, call (760) 725-5611 or visit www.mccsCP.com/lake. A recreation guide is available for download at www.mccsCP.com/lake.
SCUBA The Scuba Center offers a variety of classes and dive trips. Scuba classes are given at the 14 Area Pool. In addition to instruction, the Scuba Center offers sales, rentals, and repairs of equipment. For additional information, please call (760) 725-5910.
LEATHERNECK LANES / THE GRILL The Bowling Center, in Building 1339, offers 40 fully automatic lanes, a video game arcade and a multipurpose room where classes and special events are held. The grill offers a variety of daily specials, combo meals, sandwiches and platters. Catering is also available. Other amenities offered are: birthday parties, bowling specials, unit function specials and cosmic bowling. Meeting space is also avail-able for PMEs, safety briefs and other military meeting requirements. For more information, call (760) 725-6109/6784 or visit www.mccsCP.com/bowling. Lanes are open: 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. Sunday through Thursday 10 a.m. to midnight Friday and Saturday The Grill is open: 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. Sunday 6 a.m. to 8 p.m. Monday through Thursday 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. Friday 10 a.m. to 11 p.m. Saturday Call in to-go orders at (760) 725-6231. Breakfast served daily until 11 a.m. The Bowling Center also offers a variety of bowling leagues: handicap, scratch and youth. All leagues are coed (men and women on each team). Bowling lockers are also available for a nominal fee and are renewable each year (key deposits are required.)
MARINE MEMORIAL GOLF COURSE Camp Pendleton’s Marine Memorial Golf Course offers a 6,865-yard, par-72, Southern California Golf Association championship golf course, as well as the Leatherneck Nine, 788-yard, par-3 course, all in the rolling hills of Windmill Canyon.
RECREATION EQUIPMENT CHECKOUT Amenities include a driving range, short game practice area, locker rooms with showers, a fully stocked Pro Shop, and electric pull carts. The course is open seven days a week with the driving range and practice area open dawn to dusk to all active duty, retired, and civilian golfers. Private golf lessons and group clinics are offered by PGA certified professionals. For tee times, pricing, and more information, call (760) 725-GOLF or visit www.mccsCP.com/golf. Mulligan’s Grill hosts a selection of breakfast and lunch items from 6:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. daily. Eagle’s Landing provides a full-service bar and banquet facility. The Tern snack bar and beverage cart offers food and beverage items for our on-course golfers and operates on a seasonal schedule.
There are two Recreation Equipment Checkout facilities on base: Building 520170 in San Onofre (northern Camp Pendleton) and Building 17013 in San Luis Rey (southern Camp Pendleton). Recreation Equipment Checkout offers a wide variety of camping, outdoor recreation, and general-purpose equipment such as tables, chairs, trailers, boats, trolling motors, canoes, camping gear, horse trailers and inflatables. Long-term recreational vehicle and boat storage is available at both recreation checkout locations. For an equipment rental list and more information, call (760) 725-5296 for Building 17013, please call (760) 725-7519 for Building 520170, or visit www.mccsCP.com.
GOLF COURSES/RESORTS & COUNTRY CLUBS OCEANSIDE Center City Golf Course 2323 Greenbrier Drive Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 433-8590 El Camino Country Club 3202 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 757-2100 Emerald Isle Golf Public Golf Course 660 S. El Camino Real Oceanside, CA 92057 (760) 721-4700 Oceanside Golf Course 825 Douglas Drive Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 433-1360 CARLSBAD The Crossing at Carlsbad 5800 The Crossings Dr. Carlsbad, CA 92008 (760) 444-1800 Rancho Carlsbad Golf Club 5200 El Camino Real Carlsbad, CA 92010 (760) 438-1772 POWAY Carmel Mountain Ranch Country Club 14050 Carmel Ridge Rd San Diego, CA 92128 (858) 487-9224, ext 227 Maderas Golf Club 17750 Old Coach Road Poway, CA 92064 (858) 451-8100 Rancho Bernardo Inn Golf Course 17550 Bernardo Oaks Dr. San Diego, CA 92128 (858) 675-8470
SAN CLEMENTE San Clemente Municipal Golf Course 150 E. Avenida Magdalena San Clemente, CA 92672 (949) 361-8380 Shorecliffs Public Golf Course 501 Avenida Vaquero San Clemente, CA 92672 (800) 291-6377 Talega Public Golf Club 990 Avenida Talega San Clemente, CA 92673 (949) 369-6226 EL CAJON Cottonwood Golf Club 3121 Willow Glen Drive El Cajon, CA 92019 (800) 455-1 902 Sycuan Resort 3007 Dehesa Road El Cajon, CA 92019 (800) 457-5568 FALLBROOK Fallbrook Golf Club 2757 Gird Road Fallbrook, CA 92028 (760) 728-8334 Pala Mesa Resort 2001 Old Highway 395 Fallbrook, CA 92038 (760) 728-6803 2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION APPRECIATION 2017 OPERATION
RECREATION DEL MAR MARINA AND SAILING CENTER Del Mar Marina is an active marina with a rental fleet of new sailboats, powerboats and kayaks. Certified U.S. Sailing instructors teach adults and youths in many courses, from beginning sailing to advanced seamanship and navigation. The marina sponsors many cruises up and down the coast, from San Diego, Newport Beach, Dana Point, and Catalina Island. The marina has U.S. Coast Guard skippers that take out chartered sunset cruises. Fifty-three slips for private boat moorings with water and electricity hookups at each slip are available. The marina is open Wednesday through Sunday year-round. For more information, call (760) 725-SAIL (7245) or visit www.mccsCP.com/marina.
INFORMATION, TICKETS AND TOURS (ITT)
STEPP STABLES The base stables provide equestrian activities for all ages. Participants may ride along 15 miles of hillside and prairie trails or receive English and Western-style riding instruction. Horse shows are held throughout the year. The stables also provide boarding for private mounts in private pens or lot pasture. The stables are closed Monday and Tuesday. For more information, call (760) 725-5094 or visit www.mccsCP.com/stables.
AUTO SKILLS CENTER The Auto Skills Center in Building 13191 has a complete self-help auto repair facility with stalls and lifts provided at an hourly fee. Each work area is outfitted with a complete toolbox, and minor parts are available for most repairs. Auto Service Excellence-certified shop staff members can provide assistance on more complex repairs and adjustments. A computer diagnostic scanner is available to determine problems and offer possible solutions. Facilities and equipment for tire mounting and computerized spin balancing, welding, steam cleaning, exhaust system fabrication, machine rotors and drums, and charging system testing is available. The center is open noon to 8 p.m. Wednesday through Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday and Sunday, and closed Monday and Tuesday. For more information, call (760) 7255963 or visit www.mccsCP.com/autoskills. PAINTBALL PARK The Paintball Park is open daily for private groups of 15 or more players. It is also open Saturday and Sunday for individuals and smaller groups to play in walk-on games. For information, call 866-985-4932 or visit https:// thepaintballpark.com. 44
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Discount tickets and custom-designed tours are available through the ITT offices in the Mainside, Pacific Plaza and School of Infantry (SOI) areas. ITT is an authorized Ticketmaster outlet and provides tickets for concerts, shows, sporting events, football games, as well as other events. A complete list of ticket prices and special events is available by telephone or online. Discount tickets are available for theaters, museums, sport fishing, harbor cruises, special points of interest and dinner shows nationwide. Local attractions include Disney Parks and Resorts, Knott’s Berry Farm, Universal Studios Parks and Resorts, SeaWorld Parks and Resorts, San Diego Zoo, San Diego Zoo Safari Park, Magic Mountain and Legoland. Stop by the ITT office for the most up-to-date information. Call the Mainside office (Building 15102) at (760) 725-2218, the Pacific Plaza office (Building 20846) at (760) 725-5805/5863 or the SOI office (Building 520410) at (760) 725-7094. Check out www.mccsCP.com/ITT for the price guide.
LATITUDES TRAVEL Latitudes Travel is a full-service travel agency that can book you on any major airline to domestic and world destinations. Latitudes Travel specializes in cruises and vacation packages. Our fully trained travel experts can help you plan your next vacation, from airline tickets to rental cars, hotels, cruises and vacation packages. Latitudes Travel is truly a one-stop shop for all your travel needs. For more information, call (760) 763-3183/3184 or visit www.mccsCP.com/ITT.
SINGLE MARINE PROGRAM (SMP) The SMP contributes to the improvement of total force readiness, job performance and retention by supporting the enhancement of quality of life for all single Marines and Sailors, including unaccompanied Marines. Seven recreation centers offered throughout the base provide a unique place for service members to relax and enjoy. For information, call (760) 725-6288 or visit www.mccsCP.com/SMP.
SMP RECREATION CENTERS The SMP Recreation Centers are a unique place for service members to relax and enjoy (only active-duty personnel are authorized to use these facilities). Recreation center features include: multiple computer Internet cafes (18 to 28 computers), mini movie theaters, pool tables, foosball tables, table tennis, air hockey, Xbox 360, Nintendo Wii, PlayStation 3 and bigscreen televisions. All features at the recreation centers are 100 percent free. The recreation centers are alcohol-and tobacco-free. Del Mar (21 Area)
Bldg 21704 (760) 725-2019
Daily 9am–10pm, Holidays 10am–6pm
Chappo (22 Area)
Daily 9am–10pm, Holidays 10am–6pm
Landing Zone (24 Area) Bldg 24065 (760) 763-0026 Mon-Thurs 11am–11p, Fri 11am–6pm, Sat Closed, Holidays 11am–6pm Margarita (33 Area)
Bldg 33607 (760) 725-4988 Daily 9am–10pm, Holidays 10am–6pm
Las Flores (41 Area)
Las Pulgas (43 Area)
Bldg 430314 (760) 725-5205 9am–10pm, Holidays 10am–6pm
San Mateo (62 Area)
Bldg 62527 (760) 763-4353 Daily 9am–10pm, Holidays 10am–6pm
Sun-Thu 9am–9pm, Fri 9am–8pm, Sat 10am–6pm, Holidays 10am–6pm
HEALTH PROMOTION PROGRAM The Health Promotion Program offers a full range of well ness education, screening and pro-grams for all authorized patrons. The Health Promotion Center is available at the Paige Field-house, 2l Area SMP Rec Center and 53 Area Fitness Center for screening, questions and research. Seminars for the Semper Fit Health Promotion Program are offered for active-duty Marines and sailors. For more information, call (760) 763-3793/3794/0419/8731 or www.mccsCP.com/health-promotion.
FITNESS CENTERS AND PROGRAMS The Health Promotion Program offers a full range of wellness education, screening and programs for all authorized patrons. The Health Promotion Center is at the Paige Fieldhouse (Building 1110). Nutrition counseling, tobacco cessation, and body fat, cholesterol and blood pressure screenings are available at no cost. To schedule an appointment, or for more information, please call (760) 763-3793 or visit the website at www.mccsCP.com/health.
HARD CORPS RACE SERIES The Hard Corps Race Series (HCRS) consists of 13 race events providing organized athletic competitions for Marines, Sailors, and local civilians and are held throughout the year at various sites on Camp Pendleton. Races include running, cycling, triathlons, the Marine Corps World Famous Mud Run, mountain biking, water competitions and a virtual run. Races are suitable for beginner athletes to advanced racers. The HCRS events focus on sportsmanship, camaraderie, fitness and competitive sports to promote health and fitness, and provide competitive opportunities to all participants. For more information, call the race office at (760) 725-RACE (7223) or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
FITNESS CENTERS / GYMNASIUMS The Camp Pendleton Fitness Department is dedicated to promoting healthy lifestyles to authorized patrons aboard the base. The professionally trained staff provides a wide variety of programs and services. The Semper Fit Paige Fieldhouse is one of the largest in the Marine Corps. There are 13 fitness centers on base, each offering itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own program and targeting specific needs. For more information on which activities each facility offers, call the following numbers: Paige Field House Fitness/Gym 14 Area Fitness Center Hospital Fitness Center 21 Area Fitness Center/Gym 22 Area Fitness Center 23 Area Fitness Center 31 Area Fitness Center 33 Area Fitness Center/Gym 41 Area Fitness Center 43 Area Fitness Center/Gym 52 Area Fitness Center/Gym 53 Area Fitness Center 62 Area Fitness Center/Gym
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Building 1110 Building 14013 Building H-94 Building 210750 Building 22160 Building 24079 Building 31601 Building 33402 Building 4159 Building 430320 Building 520415 Building 530301 Building 62041 1
(760) 725-6394 (760) 725-5941 (760) 725-1366 (760) 725-2951 (760) 725-3163 (760) 763-1353 (760) 725-2678 (760) 725-8737 (760) 725-2033 (760) 725-3468 (760) 725-7262 (760) 725-7075 (760) 725-7421
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2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
MARINE & FAMILY PROGRAMS This division of MCCS consists of more than 600 professionals — certified counselors, administrators and technicians — whose goal is to make every Marine, Sailor and their family members highly successful in life. The Information and Referral office in Building 13150 can refer you to the programs listed below. M&FP consists of four branches: Behavioral Health, Family Care, Family Readiness and Personal & Professional Development. For more information, call (760) 725-3400/6090.
BEHAVIORAL HEALTH-CONSOLIDATED SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELING CENTER (CSACC)
The SACC’s (Building 16105) mission is to provide timely and effective substance use prevention, education and counseling services to active-duty service members and their families. Screenings are provided each morning and anyone seeking assistance throughout the day is accommodated. SACC services include: Prevention Services, Early Intervention Program, Individual Counseling, Group Treatment, Continuing Care, and Outpatient Program (OP) and Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP). The IOP is designed for individuals who have a substance use disorder of mild/moderate severity, and it also facilitates the placement in residential treatment for individuals who have a substance abuse disorder of significant severity. For more information, call (760) 725-5538/5539.
BEHAVIORAL HEALTH-COUNSELING SERVICES (CS) ATHLETICS The Athletics Department provides organized sports opportunities for Marines, Sailors, authorized patrons and youth athletes at Camp Pendleton. The Athletics program provides our customers, regardless of skill or experience level, an opportunity to take part in a competitive sports program of varying levels to include Intramural Sports, Varsity Sports, All-Marine Sports, All-Armed Forces Sports, internationallevel competitions and Youth Sports. This program helps promote combat readiness, esprit de corps, leadership, teamwork and loyalty. The Athletics program helps identify the highest-caliber athletes with exceptional skills at Camp Pendleton who have the potential to continue on to higher levels of competition. The athletes that compete in our programs directly represent Camp Pendleton with an opportunity to represent the U.S. Marine Corps in All Armed Forces, international competition and Youth AllStar tournaments. For information on intramurals, Varsity Sports, athletics special events and All Marine Sports, call (760) 725-6806. For Youth Sports leagues and special events, call (760) 725-4188.
SWIMMING POOLS Camp Pendleton has two pools that provide recreational swimming, lap swimming, unit training, learn-to-swim instruction and adult swim lessons. Enjoy lap swimming year-round at the l4 Area pool. The 14 Area pool also provides lifeguard training and water safety instructor courses each spring. Each pool has a large sunning area and a highly qualified staff of lifeguards and instructors. For information, call: l3 Area Pool (Building 1314) at (760) 725-4344. 13 Area pools open during summer season only. 14 Area Pool (Building 14116) can be reached at (760) 725-5084. 46
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The CCC (Building 130193) offers free counseling services to service members and their families to include: individual counseling, couples counseling, family counseling, child and teen counseling, case management and evidence-based groups. Our team can offer counseling designed to meet your specific needs and are subject matter experts in the following areas: parent-child relationships, partner and sibling issues, occupational problems, anger and anxiety issues, stress and adjustment issues, and grief and loss. For more information, call (760) 763-3222.
BEHAVIORAL HEALTH — FAMILY ADVOCACY PROGRAM (FAP) The FAP provides a variety of services designed to support Marines, Sailors, and their families who experience abuse or are at risk for abuse. The FAP provides: Counseling for individuals and/or families involved in family violence, Groups available by referral and designed to assist individuals and couples improve and enrich their personal lives; Victim Advocates provide direct services to victims of spouse/ intimate partner abuse and are available 24/7; Prevention and Education classes and workshops are available to help individuals identify stress, the cause and effect of anger, and develop new ways to communicate in their personal and professional relationships. To schedule classes/command briefings, call (760) 725-6636. Counseling Services offers face-to-face screenings with no appointment necessary. Walk-in screenings are provided from 1 to 3 p.m., Monday through Friday, at the Mainside office, Building 1122, E Street, or at the northern area office, Building 520512, Basilone Road, in the SOI area. If you would like information about our services or would like to speak directly with a clinician, please call (760) 725-9051.
FAMILY BEHAVIORAL HEALTH-NEW PARENT SUPPORT PROGRAM
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The NPSP is a professional team of clinical social workers, marriage and family therapists, and registered nurses who are experienced in newborn care, infant/child development, parent education, as well as the unique challenges faced by military families. The NPSP is an intensive prevention and outreach program that offers in-home visits, parenting education classes, Baby Boot Camp, and information and referrals for active duty personnel and family members who are either expecting a child, or have children under the age of 6. Through a variety of options, the NPSP can help families adjust to having a new baby, cope with stress, isolations, pre- and post-deployment, reunification and the everyday demands of parenting in the military. For more information, call (760) 725-3884.
BEHAVIORAL HEALTH — SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE (SAPR) The SAPR team is led by two Installation Sexual Assault Response Coordinators (SARC) and a team of experienced Victim Advocates (VA). The SAPR team provides 24/7 sexual assault crisis intervention for all service members, spouses and adult dependents; advocacy and accompaniment during medical procedures; law enforcement interviews; and judicial proceedings. Installation SARCs provide credentialed 40 hour training to newly appointed SAPR VAs and Command SARCs. SAPR office provides 24/7 operation of the Installation’s Sexual Assault Helpline, (760) 500-1707. For more information, call the Installation SARC office phone at (760) 7254460/4467 or the Installation SAPR VA office phone at (760) 725-7674.
SCHOOL LIAISON OFFICE The mission of the SL Program is to identify and coordinate community resources to reduce the impact of the mobile lifestyle on military school age children and families; to implement predictable support services that can assist children and youth with relocation, life transitions and achieving academic success; and to provide a wide range of resources that facilitate school transitions for parents, students, schools, commanders and communities. For more information, call (760) 763-7385/7386.
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ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS There are five public elementary schools aboard Camp Pendleton. Three of the schools belong to the Oceanside Unified School District (OUSD) – North Terrace, Santa Margarita and Stuart Mesa – and offer grades K-7. Two belong to the Fallbrook Union Elementary School District (FUESD) – Mary Fay Pendleton and San Onofre – and offer grades K-8. North Terrace - sserves families who reside in: Forster Hills, Del Mar, Pacific Views, South Mesa I West, Wire Mountain 1 and Wire Mountain 3 housing. Their office number is (760) 901-7500. Santa Margarita - serves families who reside in South Mesa 1 East, South Mesa 2, Wire Mountain 2 and Santa Margarita housing. Their office number is (760) 901-7900. Stuart Mesa - serves families who reside in Stuart Mesa housing. Their office number is (760) 901-77000. Mary Fay Pendleton - serves families who reside in De Luz, O’Neill, Serra Mesa and San Luis Rey housing. Their office number is (760) 731-40500. San Onofre - serves families who reside in San Onofre I, II and III, and San Mateo Point housing. Their office number is (760) 731-4360.
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Marine Corps Quiz 1. I was the first Commandant of our beloved Corps, who am I? a. John A. LeJeune b. Capt. Samuel Nichols c. George Washington d. Archibald Henderson 2. Semper Fidelis, the Marine Corps Motto, is Latin for what? a. Always Faithful b. Always Friendly c. Always Prepared d. Always Fighting 3. I am the only U.S. Marine to win 5 Navy Crosses, who am I? a. Chesty Puller b. Dan Daly c. Smedley Butler d. Presley O’Bannon 4. It is for this battle that Marine Officers (NCOs) wear the blood stripe on our Dress Blue Trousers. Which battle was it? a. Chapultepec b. Chosin Reservoir c. Okinawa d. Iwo Jima 5. I am the “Grand Old Man” of our Marine Corps. Who am I? a. Chesty Puller b. Dan Daly c. Presley O’Bannon d. Archibald Henderson 6. I just got PCS orders to 2D MAW. What base am I reporting to? a. MCAS New River b. MCAS Yuma c. MCAS Cherry Point d. MCAS Miramar 7. My CO just instructed me to recite my General Orders. How many General Orders did I have to recite? a. 13 b. 10 c. 11 d. 12
8. I am 39 years old and I just completed my PFT, achieving only the bare minimum to pass. What were my scores? a. 3 Pull-Ups, 45 Sit-ups, 30:00 3 Mile Run b. 3 Pull-Ups, 50 Sit-ups, 28:00 3 Mile Run c. 3 Pull-Ups, 45 Sit-ups, 29:00 3 Mile run d. 2 Pull-Ups, 45 Sit-ups, 28:00 3 Mile Run 9. I am considered the Father of Marine Corps Aviation. Who am I? e. Arnold D. Cummings f. Allan B. Cunningham g. Alfred A. Cunningham h. Alfred A. Westmoreland 10. Not including the Navy Corpsman, how many Marines raised the SECOND (and most famous) flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima in WWII? a. 3 b. 5 c. 4 d. 6 11. The mission of the Marine Rifle Squad is “To locate, close with, and destroy the enemy, by fire and maneuver, or repel the enemy assault by fire and close combat.” a. True b. False 12. The first Marines were recruited at this location, what is it? a. Philadelphia City Hall b. Tun Tavern c. Washington, D.C. d. Central Park, New York City 13. I commanded the assault and capture of the fortress at Derna, Tripoli in 1805, and was presented with what would become the famous Marine Corps Officer’s Sword. Who am I? a. Archibald Henderson b. Smedley Butler c. John A. LeJeune d. Lt. Presley O’Bannon
14. I was a Marine who fought during the first offensive Marine Corps Battle of WWII, where did I fight? a. Okinawa b. Tarawa c. Guadalcanal d. Iwo Jima 15. There are 14 Marine Corps Leadership Traits. Which of the below is NOT considered one of those traits? a. Judgment b. Enthusiasm c. Dependability d. Honor 16. “Train Your Marines to be Solid Marksmen” is considered one of the Marine Corps’ Leadership Principles. a. True b. False 17. “We fight our country’s battles, in the air, on land, and sea” is a line from what? a. The Marines Hymn b. Code of Conduct c. Rifleman’s Creed d. Marine’s Prayer 18. Which of the below is NOT a Marine Corps “Core Value”? a. Commitment b. Honor c. Loyalty d. Courage 19. You have been assigned to the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU), which base will you report to? a. Camp Pendleton b. Camp Hanson, Okinawa c. Naval Station Norfolk d. Camp Lejeune 20. My grandfather fought in the battle of the Chosin Reservoir, in which war did this battle take place? a. WWII b. Korean War c. WWI d. Vietnam Answers on page 50
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Famous People who Served Ice T Ice T joined the United States Army and served four years in the 25th Infantry. He and some friends were charged with stealing a rug, and he deserted while awaiting a hearing. After the rug was recovered, he returned and received a non-judicial punishment. It was in the Army that Ice T managed to make a little extra money and afford some musical equipment, beginning his rap career. Glen Bell Businessman Glen Bell served in the Marines in the second world war. After, he opened his first restaurant, a hot dog stand. He later sold tacos for 19 cents each, and opened his first Taco Bell in 1962. He sold the 868-restaurant chain to Pepsi in 1978 for $125 million in stock. James Carville James Carville served two years in the Marines after graduating from Louisiana State University. He would later go on to work as a political consultant, eventually successfully running Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton’s campaign for President. Jim Lehrer Jim Lehrer, the host of The News Hour with Jim Lehrer and PBS News Hour, joined the Marine Corps after graduating from the Missouri School of Journalism. Steve Wilkos Steve Wilkos spent nearly a decade in the Marine Corps and spent time in the Chicago Police Department before signing on with Jerry Springer as on-air security. He was given his own show in 2007.
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* 100% allowed up to county limit
R F E DE D F O EN T EX
George C. Scott George C. Scott served in the Marines from 1945 to 1949. He would go on to play Patton in the film of the same name and a lead role in Dr. Strangelove, or How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb. Jim Beaver Jim Beaver spent time in the Marine Corps as a microwave radio relay technician. He joined in 1968 and remained in the Marines until 1971, staying in the reserves until 1976. He played prospector Whitney Ellsworth to much acclaim on HBO drama Deadwood. Don Imus Don Imus served as a bugler in the Marines from 1957 to 1960. He’s currently a nationally syndicated morning radio host. He has the Imus Ranch in New Mexico, which benefits children with cancer. Morgan Freeman Morgan Freeman declined a partial drama scholarship and joined the Air Force in 1955. He would serve four years as a radar technician, and left the service in 1959. “I took to it immediately,” he said of his time in the Air Force. “I did three years, eight months, and ten days in all, but it took me a year and a half to get disabused of my romantic notions about it.”
We Salute Our Veterans
FREE ADMISSION to SeaWorld® San Diego per veteran & up to 3 guests.*
Limited-time offer exclusively online at
*ONLINE ONLY — tickets must be obtained in advance through the online registration process. These tickets not available at the SeaWorld ticket windows. Ticket is non-transferrable, non-refundable and not for sale. Not valid with any other discounts, offers and has no upgrade value. Offer valid through 12/31/16. © 2016 SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, Inc. All rights reserved.
2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION
EAGLE YOUNG MARINES Camp Pendleton Young Marines, a youth leadership program, marks its 32nd anniversary this year, making it one of the oldest units in the state. The Coyote unit on base was formed in 1985 by Capt. Robert Underwood. Since the nonprofit Young Marines started in 1958, with one unit and a handful of boys, the group has grown to over 240 units with 10,000 youth and 3,000 adult volunteers in 46 states and several countries across the world. The program is open to boys and girls ages 8-18, with a focus on team building, character building, public speaking and discipline along with life skills, drug education, community service and physical fitness. Activities include camping, hiking, repelling, swimming, obstacle courses and land navigation/map reading. WHO WE ARE The Young Marines is a youth education and service program for boys and girls, ages 8 through completion of high school. The Young Marines promotes the mental, moral, and physical development of its members. The program focuses on character, lifestyle. The Young Marines is the focal point for the U.S. Marine Corps’ Youth Drug Demand Reduction efforts. The Young Marines program is not a program for youths with serious disciplinary problems, substance abuse issues or lengthy histories in juvenile court. OUR MISSION The mission of the Young Marines is to positively impact America’s future by providing quality youth development programs for boys and girls that nurtures and develops its members into responsible citizens who enjoy and promote a healthy, drug-free lifestyle. MEMBERSHIP The Young Marines is open to all youth ages 8 through completion of high school. The only membership requirement is that the youth must be in good standing at school. TRAINING Upon joining a local Young Marines unit, youth undergo a 26-hour orientation program, generally spread out over several weekly meetings. This orientation program is affectionately called “Recruit Training.” The youth learn general subjects such as history, customs and courtesies, close order drill, physical fitness, and military rank structure. After graduating from Young Marines “Recruit Training”, the youth have the opportunity to learn more new skills, earn rank, wear the Young Marines uniform and work toward ribbon awards. Young Marines earn ribbons for achievement in areas such as leadership, community service, swimming, academic excellence, first aid, and drug resistance education. For more information on the Young Marines visit www.camp-pendleton-young-marines.org or contact Ron Ponce at 760-576-4055. Answers to Marine Corps Quiz 1-C, 2-E, 3-D, 4-B, 5-A, 6-B, 7-C, 8-C, 9-C, 10-A, 11-C, 12-d, 13-C, 14-D, 15-B 50
ARMED FORCES DAY
Little Swimmers Camp Pendleton parents can rest easier this summer, thanks to Marine Corps Community Services kicking off the “Learn to Swim” program at the 13-area pool, June 13. Children ages six months and up are learning the basics of water safety and survival with the help of skilled life guards and swim instructors. “We designate the children into groups by ability and then pair them with the appropriate instructor so they learn different skills as they advance to different levels,” said Jessica Swenson, Learn to Swim program coordinator and life guard supervisor for MCCS. “It’s important because statistics show that as long as children know how to swim, staying safe in the water is that much easier.” According to the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Children ages one to four are the most susceptible to mishaps. The creators of the Learn to Swim program want to keep kids safe from day one in the water.
“We teach kids to swim at a young age because then they know how to be safe around aquatic facilities and also know how to save themselves or get help in a dangerous situation,” Swenson said. Parents in attendance said no matter how young the child, being comfortable in the water is the first step on the road to safe swimming in the future. With video games galore and hundreds of cable channels to choose from, many children may find themselves glued to the television during the summer vacation months. MCCS swim instructors seek to give kids another outlet and instill healthy recreation habits they can build on. The Learn to Swim program will be offered in three twoweek long classes this summer, available at the 13- area pools The next session begins June 13 and costs $50 per child. Contact the main office at 760-725-4344 for more information or to register.
ALL LIBERTY. ALL THE TIME. Crystal clear pools. 68 Vegas-style table games. A 400-ft Lazy River. Harrah’s Resort SoCal is the perfect place to enjoy some well-deserved fun. To thank you for your service, enjoy 10% off Hotel rooms all year with valid military ID. Plus, become a Total Rewards® member and you’ll get two free Buffets for joining. Go ahead, celebrate your freedom to have fun.
THE #1 RESORT IN FUNNER, CA. Please visit the Total Rewards® Center, provide us with an email address and bring your active military ID or DD214 to receive 2 complimentary buffets for joining this program. Plus, receive special monthly appreciation offers via email. Must be 21 or older to register as a hotel guest, attend events and to gamble with valid photo ID. This offer is not valid for persons who have been excluded from Harrah’s affiliated casinos. Know When To Stop Before You Start.® Gambling problem? Call 1-800-GAMBLER. Owned by the Rincon Band of Luiseño Indians. Trademarks used herein are owned by Caesars License Company, LLC and its affiliated companies. Managed by HCAL, LLC. ©2017, Caesars License Company, LLC. All rights reserved.
2017 OPERATION APPRECIATION 4/27/17 1:46 PM
Camp Pendleton SMP Mission: To enhance quality of life for single service members by providing positive and rewarding outlets through recreation, community involvement, and dynamic facilities. Base Wide SMP Meetings Base wide meetings are the first Thursday of each month at 1330 at various locations throughout the base. Join our SMP staff and unit reps as we discuss quality of life issues, upcoming recreational events and volunteer opportunities. Call (760) 725-6722 for meeting location. Volunteer Opportunities Give back to the community and get involved in one of our volunteer projects. Example of projects include: Special Olympics, Habitat for Humanity and retirement home visits. Check our monthly calendar for a schedule of upcoming volunteer opportunities. Weekend Trips Trips usually depart on Friday morning and return Sunday evening. Cost per Marine/Sailor vary by trip and includes transportation and lodging (cost is usually 1/4 the actual cost). The number of trips scheduled are based on funding. Annual trips include: skiing, white water rafting, Las Vegas& San Francisco. One Day Special Events Events can be both on-base activities such as movie nights, BBQs, poker tournaments or off-base activities such as dinner cruises, fishing trips, Magic Mountain trips, and dinner shows. On-base events are usually free, off-base events vary and include transportation and entrance fees.
Overview Single Marine Program Recreation Centers are a unique place for service members to relax and enjoy. These facilities are open only to Active Duty and their guests age 18 and older. All the Rec Centers are tobacco free. All features at the Rec Centers are 100% free. The Recreation Centers are not rented out for special events. Who qualifies for the Single Marine Program? All Single or Unaccompanied Active Duty personnel aboard Camp Pendleton. There is no “membership” for the program, all eligible service members are automatically included. If I have a girlfriend or boyfriend can I still participate in the SMP activities and events? Absolutely, you will be completely eligible for the program’s benefits until you are married. I am a single parent, can I participate? All single service members aboard Camp Pendleton can take advantage of the program. Children are not authorized at centers or on trips. Is the SMP a dating service? No, we are a Quality of Life program dedicated to serving the single service members aboard Camp Pendleton. If I have an idea for an event can I present it to the program for consideration? New ideas are what keep this program running. You have two options: present your ideas directly to the SMP council or work with your unit representative to speak for you.
21 Area “Del Mar” Recreation Center
Located on A street in Camp Del Mar. Facility features include: 34 desktop computers, free wireless internet, mini-movie theater, pool tables (both indoors and outdoors), gas BBQ grills, video gaming systems, big screen televisions, rock climbing wall and music room. 22 Area “Chappo” Recreation Center
Located on F. Ave in Camp Chappo. Facility features include: 30 desktop computers, free wireless internet, 26-seat mini theater, the newest video game systems, outdoor pool tables, fire pits, indoor and outdoor big screen televisions, kitchen and social area. 24 Area SMP Landing Zone
Located off of Brig Road in 24 Area on the hill above the gym, features include: 4 desktop computers, free wireless internet and laptops for checkout, outdoor pool tables, outdoor table tennis, gas BBQ grills, video gaming systems and big screen televisions. 33 Area “Margarita” Recreation Cente Located in Camp Margarita in the same building as Subway. Facility features include: 28 desktop computers, free wireless internet, mini-movie theater, pool tables, outdoor table tennis, gas BBQ grills, video gaming systems and big screen televisions.
41 Area “Las Flores” Recreation Center Located in Las Flores. Facility features include: 34 desktop computers, free wireless internet, mini-movie theater, outdoor pool tables, built-in gas and charcoal BBQ grills, video gaming systems, indoor and outdoor big screen televisions, music room with recording booth, and a classroom space. 43 Area “Las Pulgas” Recreation Center Located on Brown Street off Las Pulgas Road in the same building as McDonalds. Facility features include: 28 desktop computers, free wireless internet, mini-movie theater, pool tables, gas BBQ grills, video gaming systems and big-screen televisions. 53 Area “Camp Horno” Recreation Center Located on Basilone Road in Camp Horno in the same building as Subway. Facility features include: 18 desktop computers, free wireless internet, pool tables, table tennis, gas BBQ grills, video gaming systems and big screen televisions. 62 Area “San Mateo” Recreation Center Located off 3rd Street in San Mateo in the same building as Sub-way. Facility features include: 30 desktop computers, free wireless internet, pool tables, outdoor televisions, outdoor table tennis, gas BBQ grills, video gaming systems, mini movie theater and big screen televisions.
WE SUPPORT ALL THE BRAVE MEN AND 8-2-8 Urgent Care 4171 Oceanside Blvd. Suite #109 Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 216-6253
California Coast Credit Union 3485 Marron Rd Oceanside, CA 92056 (858) 495-1600
Classic Chariots 1611 West Vista Way Vista, CA 92083 (760) 414-1600
Domino’s #7751 301 Mission Ave., Downtown Oceanside Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 439-5440
Federal Heath Sign, LLC 3609 Ocean Ranch Blvd., Ste. 204 Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 901-7474
Hass Team Realty Robbie Calderon-Hass 3186 Vista Way, Ste. 300 Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 754-9990
Abigail’s Medical Supplies, Inc. 3837 Plaza Dr.,Suites Suites 801 & 802 Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 940-1132
California Welcome Center 928 N Coast Highway, Suite A Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 721-1101
Coast Dental 1976 College Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 758-9400
Domino’s #7756 2858 Thunder Dr. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 941-8333
First Command Financial Services
Hatter Williams & Purdy Insurance 2230 Faraday Ave. Carlsbad, CA 92008 (760) 795-2002
Calvary Chapel Oceanside
Courtyard by Marriott 3501 Seagate Way Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 966-1000 www.CourtyardOceanside.com
Domino’s Pizza #8357 520407 Basilone Rd. Camp Pendleton North, CA 92055 (760) 430-7180
Allie’s Party Equipment Rental, Inc. 130 Vallecitos De Oro San Marcos, CA 92069 (760) 591-4314
Waypoint Military and First Responders email@example.com
3715 Oceanic Way, Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 754-1234
Catherine Schiel, Financial Advisor
4167 Avenida De La Plata, Ste. 102 O’side, CA 92056 (760) 631-8300 First Command Financial Services
Erin Gulliksen, Financial Advisor
4167 Avenida De La Plata, Ste. 102 O’side, CA 92056 (760) 631-8300
Humana 5421 Avenida Encinas, Ste. N Carlsbad, CA 92008 (800) 795-2403
Animal Keeper, The 3532 College Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 941-3221
Carefree Spa, Inc. 215 McKinley St. Oceanside, CA 92057-4416 (760) 630-5545
Cox Communications 461 College Blvd., Ste. 1 Oceanside, CA 92057 (858) 836-7345
Domino’s Pizza #8506 13030 Vandergrift Blvd. Camp Pendleton, CA 92055 (760) 575-9850
Army and Navy Academy 2605 Carlsbad Blvd Carlsbad, CA 92008 (760) 547-5286
Certified Folder 1120 Joshua Way Vista, CA 92081 (760) 727-5100
Days Inn Oceanside 1501 Carmelo Dr. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 722-7661
Domino’s #8548 1854 Marron Rd. Carlsbad, CA 92008 (760) 729-1556
Flagkeepers P.O. Box 1522 Carlsbad, CA 92018-1522 (760) 583-3087
Hydranautics A Nitto Group Company 401 Jones Rd. Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 901-2500
Chambers Electric, Inc.
Dell Military Program
www.ChambersElectricInc.com License No. 780885
Domino’s #8550 20845 Vandergrift Blvd. Camp Pendleton, CA 92055 (760) 430-7180
The Frame House 1824 S Coast Highway Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 435-0023
Joe and Mary Mottino Family YMCA 4701 Mesa Dr. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 758-0808
Body & Brain Yoga and Tai Chi 455 College Blvd, Ste. 5, Mission Marketplace Oceanside, CA 92057 (760) 483-3246
First Command Financial Services
Steve Killion, Financial Advisor
4167 Avenida De La Plata, Ste. 102 O’side, CA 92056 (760) 631-8300
Hunter Steakhouse of Oceanside 1221 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 433-2633
Boys & Girls Clubs Of Oceanside 401 Country Club Ln. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 433-8920
Champion Eyes Martial Arts 3700 Oceanic Way, Ste. 102 Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 722-2622
DeLuz Family Housing 108 Marine Dr. Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 385-4835
Elements Massage 2267 S. El Camino Real, Suite “C” Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 712-4718
Frazier Farms Oceanside 1820 Oceanside Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 429-2092
Local Tap House Restaurant & Bar 308 S. Coast Hwy, Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 547-1469
Brightwood College 401 Country Club Ln. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 433-8920 (760) 305-0220
Chase Bank Mission & El Camino Real 3748 Mission Ave. Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 439-7571
DIRECTV Commercial Dealer Mike Musso & Assoc., Inc. PO Box 4040 Oceanside, CA 92052 (877) 520-1425
Envoy Mortgage Team Souther 2171 S El Camino Real, # 201 Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 994-4840
Genentech One Antibody Way Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 231-2440
LOL- Life of Liberty 320 North Horne St. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 433-5411
Buffalo Wild Wings 2685 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 966-2605
Chef DK Catering 1204 Stratford Ln. Carlsbad, CA 92008 (760) 828-0596
Domino’s #7750 650 Douglas Dr. Oceanside, CA 92057 (760) 439-0500
Eternal Hills Memorial
Harbor Fish & Chips 276 Harbor Dr. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 722-4977
Masson & Associates, Inc. 200 East Washington Ave., Suite 200 Escondido, CA 92025 (760) 741-3570
Park, Mortuary & Crematory, FD-234
1999 El Camino Real Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 754-6600
2017 ARMED FORCES DAY
WOMEN SERVING IN THE U.S. MILITARY! Mayor Jim Wood 300 North Coast Hwy. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 435-3060
Oceanside Mortuary, FD-253 602 South Coast Hwy. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 722-4264
San Diego Gas & Electric 8330 Century Park Ct. CP12C San Diego, CA 92123 (800) 411-7343
That Boy Good 207 N Coast Hwy Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 433-4BBQ
Walmart Neighborhood Market #5637 1046 Mission Ave. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 696-9906
Military Benefit Association 14605 Avion Parkway Chantilly VA 20151 888-622-7363
Oceanside RV Park 1510 S Coast Hwy Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 722-4404
Paintball Park at Camp Pendleton, The 1700 Vandegrift Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92055 (866) 985-4932
Sanford Clinic At Rady Children’s 3605 Vista Way #130 Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 547-1010
The Toll Roads of Orange County 125 Pacifica, Ste. 100 Irvine, CA 92618 (949) 754-3458
Warner’s Truck Rental 2372 Industry St. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 757-1908
Pick Up Stix 125 Old Grove Rd. Oceanside, CA 92057 (760) 967-4081
Scripps Health 4318 Mission Ave. Oceanside, CA 92057 1 (800) SCRIPPS
Tiphanie Johnson-Burke Real Estate Consultants, Inc
Oceanside Security Agency 1907 Apple St., Ste.11 Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 644-2957
12707 High Bluff Ste. 200 San Diego, CA 92130 (760) 429-0065
Waste Management of North County 2141 Oceanside Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92054 (800) 596-7444
Navy Federal Credit Union 4180 Avenida de la Plata Oceanside, CA 92056 (888) 842-6328
Oceanside Tattoo and Museum 604 Mission Ave. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 439-8288
Pier View Dental 301 Mission Ave., Ste 104 Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 730-5955
Security Public Storage 1501 S Coast Hwy, Oceanside, CA 92054
Tri-City Medical Center 4002 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 724-8411
Wells Fargo Bank (Oceanside/Hwy 78) 2701 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 439-5405
Navy Federal Credit Union 815 College Blvd., Suite 101 Oceanside, CA 92057 (888) 842-6328
Oceanside Therapy Group 3355 Mission Ave., Ste. 123 Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 529-4975
Shopoff Realty Investments, LP 2 Park Plaza, Ste. 700 Irvine, CA 92614 (949) 417-1396
Unique Flooring 2913 Oceanside Blvd., Suite B Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 945-0010
Wells Fargo Bank (Rancho Del Oro) 4176 Oceanside Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 726-0453
NOVA Biologics, Inc. 1714 Ord Way Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 630-5700
Oceanside Transmission, Inc. 229 S Coast Hwy Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 722-7176
Spirit of Sharing (SOS) 1361 Rocky Point Dr. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 726-8100
Veterans Association of North County (VANC) 1617 Mission Avenue Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 722-1277
Weseloh Chevrolet & Kia 5335 Paseo Del Norte Carlsbad, CA 92008 (760) 438-1001
Ocean’s Eleven Casino 121 Brooks St. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 439-6988
ORCO Block & Hardscape 3501 Oceanside Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 757-1780
Storage West Self Storage 201 Via El Centro Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 967-9300
Walmart #2245 705 College Blvd. Oceanside, CA 92057 (760) 631-0434
Women’s Resource Center 1963 Apple St. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 757-3500
Oceanside Adventures 315 Harbor Drive South Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 277-3737
Ohana Cupcakes 2455 Vista Way, Suite M Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 757-4262
Quantum Learning Network 1938 Avenida Del Oro Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 722-0072
The Super Dentists 3625 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 336-8478
Walmart #2494 2100 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 966-0026
Wyndham Vacation Resorts 333 N Myers St, Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 901-1200
Oceanside Harbor Days September 16-17
Pacific Marine Credit Union 1278 Rocky Point Dr. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 631-8700
Rodeway Inn 1103 North Coast Hwy. Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 722-1904
T and H Prime Meats and Sausage 735 E. Mission Rd. San Marcos, CA 92069 (760) 471-9192
Walmart #5075 3405 Marron Rd. Oceanside, CA 92056 (760) 730-1371
Pacific Marine Credit Union Fire Mountain Branch
2454 Vista Way Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 631-8700
(760) 722-8700 Pioneer Services A Division of Mid Country Bank
41 Douglas Dr., Ste. 101 Oceanside, CA 92058 (760) 967-9500 PMCU O’Side Turkey Trot Thanksgiving Day www.osideturkeytrot.com
(760) 434-5255 Privateer Coal Fire Pizza 1706 S Coast Hwy Oceanside, CA 92054 www.privateercoalfirepizza.com
H E L P I N G C A L I F O R N I Aâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; S H E R O E S G E T H I R E D
Separating from Active Duty can be a very intimidating p r o s p e c t . T h e W o r k f o r Wa r r i o r s P r o g r a m i s h e r e t o m a k e your transition into civilian life as stress free as possible. Regardless of your military job, you have highly desirable skills and experience that civilian employers are looking for. We can help you market and leverage your skills and experience in a way that civilian employers will understand. Whether you are just going to school and collecting your Post 9/11 GI Bill, or actively seeking full time employment, we have something for you. The Work for Warriors Program is a FREE job placement service offered to all members of the California National Guard, DOD Reserves, OIF/OEF Veterans, Military Spouses and Gold Star Families residing in California. Since our inception 2 Â˝ years ago, we have partnered with over 250 businesses, and have placed over 3,200 Service Members into solid employment. Our goal has always been to reduce the unemployment rate amongst our Veteran and Service Member population and we have made exponential progress. Please put us to work for you. Contact us to speak to one of our Resource Managers Today!
The Oceanside Chamber of Commerce would like to thank the generous sponsors for making 2017 Operation Appreciation possible and for their commitment to our military community.
The Oceanside Chamber of Commerce would also like to thank Oceanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Eleven, Unique Flooring, Hunter Steakhouse, Pick Up Stix and Dominoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Pizza for their contributions.
OCEANSIDE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
PUBLISHER, MILITARY GUIDES
Scott Ashton CEO
Kelly McClellan Marketing Director
Kristi Hawthorne Event Coordinator
928 N. Coast Highway Oceanside, CA 92054 (760) 722.1534
Colleen Mata Director of Operations
P.O. Box 80 Poway, CA 92064 (858) 668.3330
This program, or any portion thereof, may not be reproduced in any form without the written permission of Military Guides and The Oceanside Chamber of Commerce. All rights reserved. The United States Marine Corps, Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, The Oceanside Chamber of Commerce nor Military Guides endorses any business, product or service advertised herein.