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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 PREFACE

This Socio-Economic Profile sums up the common goal to deal with the economic and social issues of Lanao del Sur, with the PPDO staff in a joint initiative with the representatives from the different sectors. As we frame this enhanced SEP, we have a focus on the detailed general information of this province, its human resources, natural resources, economic as well as macroeconomic sectors, the infrastructures and utilities, the administrative machinery and related institutions. Today, we see that there is much to do but have proven that we can achieve better task with teamwork and cohesion. There should be clear outcomes and activities for the enhancement on the major sectors namely: agriculture, fishery and forestry, trade and tourism, the development administration, the infrastructures and utilities, then social services. With the effective leadership of the LGU, provincial level through role clarity and shared empowerment, there will be a better access to the above mentioned major se ctors’ information and services. There will be a balance between population growth and socio economic development. This profile brings us glad tidings about where we are and clearly directed us that in our deen we have solutions to all the issues and challenges.

SEP TASK MANAGEMENT TEAM

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007

MESSAGE The enhancement of the Socio-Economic Profile of a locality in every term of a local chief executive is a continuing process and a life-long challenge for the Provincial Planning and Development Office. Inspite of human advancement in many areas of endeavor, men have yet to live with one another according to the precepts of their highest moral sense. Thus, I command the impeccable job of the PPDC and the SEP Task Management Team in the gathering and integration of the data. It won’t be long before I know that our populace will be informed of what is Lanao del Sur, what it has and what it needs through this profile. May time be kind and grant continuity in our search for excellence in planning and implementation to address issues concerning human resources, natural resources, macroeconomic and economic sectors, social issues, infrastructures and utilities, administrative machinery and related institutions. The constituency has the right to the illusion of security. To assure this, the Provincial Government is able to communicate with utmost certainty the benefits that would be gained by enhancing this document. With this, the multi-stakeholders were involved in the vigorous workshop process in coming up with enhanced Socio-Economic Profile of Lanao del Sur. The Almighty Allah wants us to lead this governance in accordance with His Orders‌.on shared empowerment for the peoples’ welfare.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007

MESSAGE A candid salute to the Provincial Planning and Development Office with the Task Management Team for their constant awareness of being prepared in coming up with this Provincial Socio-Economic Profile. Each of them is a wise individual who values each and every moment of his/her li fe, observing one’s due task in gathering data to see key human security clusters on public safety, humanitarian needs which includes assurance on food security, ensure health security and establishment of emerging safety net for people at risk, then the rehabilitation and construction of infrastructures, the reconciliation and coexistence which will end impunity and establish truth. It includes governance and empowerment which all strengthen civil society and promote access to information. Now more than ever, the Provincial Government under the stewardship of Governor Adiong, Jr. believes on the notable quotes, “Be a change you want to see in this world”, and “Do not think of funding as a “one time” thing, but a step in building your long term reputation and competence”. We in the Sangguniang Panlalawigan enjoin everyone in the local governance to find what is not working well and address the issues by changing the system, spreading the solution and persuading the society to take new leaps. Together, we will achieve Lanao del Sur’s ultimate goal with the will of Allah, the One, the Most High.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The Socio-Economic Profile of Lanao del Sur was prepared by a team under the Task Management of the Provincial Planning and Development Office. The team was led by the undersigned who built group consensus and catalyzed collective integrated thinking with the following members: Dr. Pesigue C. Tomawis who led in the checking for proper balance of skills and expertise, the capabilities to do analytical and technical writing work; Renato C. dela Calzada who provided the graphics, layout, design, photographs and the encoder who generated creativity and energies; Mr. Mangigin Gomusong, Miss Sirikit Menor and Miss Monazaman Atil who contributed in the data collection and facilitated creative solutions to issues; Dr. Alinader Minalang, Dr. Shalimar Rakiin and Dr. Mangoda A. Dima who provided structural approach on health by treating each step as a learning session on health aspect and infused the group with a strong sense of stakeholdership and responsibility; Miss Monaima Adiong on the identification of the logical requirements pertaining to social welfare; Supervisors Bae Mampay Macagaan and Bae Cauling Masbud of the Department of Education, Division of Lanao del Sur who contributed on the gathering and information of data pertaining to education;

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 This document brings together some key findings from the different line agencies and other sectors with the great contribution from the UNFPA 6th Country Programme through the Area Project Coordinator Mr. Arnen L. Kasan. Thus, an indefinite gratitude to the above mentioned individuals for the unwavering support to the realization of this profile.

ENGR. CAIRODING P. RIGA, D.M. Provincial Planning and Development Coordinator

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table of Contents Page PREFACE

i

MESSAGE OF THE GOVERNOR

ii

MESSAGE OF THE VICE GOVERNOR

iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

iv

I. GENERAL INFORMATION Brief History of Lanao del Sur Geography Political Subdivisions Topography and Hydrological Features Climate and Rainfalls Language/Dialects Religious Sects Ethnic Groups Citizenship

1 4 4 6 7 8 9 9 10

II. HUMAN RESOURCES Population and Growth Labor Force and Employment Age Dependency Ratio

12 17 18

III. NATURAL RESOURCES Land Area Forestry Mineral Resources Fishery and Aquatic Resources Waste Management

19 25 27 27 29

IV. MACROECONOMIC SECTOR Income and Expenditures Poverty Incidence

30 31

V. ECONOMIC SECTOR Agriculture Commerce, Trade and Industry Tourism

32 41 45

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 VI. SOCIAL SERVICES Education Health and Nutrition Housing Social Welfare Sports and Recreation

49 73 87 89 92

VII. INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES Transportation Water Resources Communication and Information Systems Energy and Electrification

95 112 113 115

VIII. ADMINISTRATIVE MACHINERY AND RELATED INSTITUTIONS Organization and Management Fiscal Management

117 129

IX. GLOSSARY OF TERMS

132

X. ACRONYMS

136

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE (SEP) OF LANAO DEL SUR 2007

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER I GENERAL INFORMATION 1.1 BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND:

The province of Lanao del Sur was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 2228 on May 27, 1959, dividing the unified Lanao Province into two (2) provinces: Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. Lanao del Sur was officially created on July 4, 1959 with Twenty five (25) municipalities including Dansalan, now Marawi City as the capital town.

During the Martial Law Years, Presidential Decree No. 742 was issued by the late President Ferdinand Marcos, creating Region XII, with Lanao del Sur as one of the five (5) provinces comprising the region. This Decree was part of the government policy of reconciliation and negotiated settlement with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF).

The failure of both the Philippine Government and MNLF to agree on the terms, conditions and the mechanics in implementing the Tripoli Agreement signed in Tripoli, Libya on December 10, 1976 lead to the issuance of Proclamation No. 0628 by the late Pres. Marcos on March 25, 1977, declaring autonomy in Southern Philippines, embracing the 13 provinces mentioned in the Tripoli Agreement. However, this was subject to a referendum which shall determine the manner by which the people of the areas of autonomy wishes to recognize themselves administratively in accordance with the constitution of the Philippines and the formula proposed by Col. Muamar Al-Khadaffy of Libya. The plebiscite held on April 17, 1997 did not include all the 13 provinces intended for the Autonomy Government due to the refusal of some of the provinces mentioned to be an integral part of the ARMM.

When Corazon C. Aquino became the President of the Republic thru the historic EDSA Revolution on February 26, 1986, a Regional Commission was organized to draft the Philippine Constitution, providing among others the creation of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). 9

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 The plebiscite held on February 19, 1989 made Lanao del Sur, along with three (3) other provinces, a part of the Autonomous Government for having voted in favor of inclusion, while the city of Marawi which is the capital of the province, refused to be a part of the ARMM. However, on the April 14, 2001 plebiscite for the expanded ARMM, Marawi City, along with Basilan became an integral part of ARMM for voting in favor of inclusion. Therefore, Marawi City became the only city under the Autonomous Government.

The culture, beliefs and practices of the people of the province of Lanao del Sur has remained intact despite the social trappings of modernity introduced by the more progressive western cultures. Even the political changes that had affected the province has not deterred it from continuing to be the center of Islamic activity in the country. Major Islamic decisions affecting the Muslims emanate from the province. This includes political decisions. The “TARITIB” and “IJMA” is still present and is a part of the governing system of laws and of public

order

in

the

province,

regulating

the

socio-cultural affairs

of the

“PAT A

PANGAMPONG” Sultanate States. The term “Maranao” is derived from the word “Ranao” which means “Lake”. Thus, the term “Maranao”, the natives of the province, means “People of the Lake”.

Presently, the province is politically subdivided into two (2) congressional districts both under the administrative supervision of the Provincial Governor. The 1 st District has 17 municipalities and Marawi City, while the 2nd District has 22 municipalities, including Lumbaca Unayan, a newly created municipality under MMA Act No. 106 on November 28, 2004. Based on the Joint Certificate of Confirmation by the DILG, COMELEC and NSO dated August 24, 2004, the Municipality of Lumbaca Unayan has a total land area of 42.28 square kilometers, a total population of 11,672 and a total of 833 households. The province has a total of 1,158 barangays including Marawi City.

The province has a total of 13 government officials who have served as Chief Executive, either elected or appointed since its creation on July 4, 1959.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 1: Chief Executives of the Province for the years 1957-2007 NAME

PERIOD

1.

Atty. Madki Alonto

1957-1967

2.

Atty. Linang Mandangan

1968-1971

3.

Princess Tarhata Alonto Lucman

1972-1975

4.

Gen. Mamarinta B. Lao (P.A.)

1975-1976

5.

Mohammad Ali Dimaporo

1976-1986

6.

Princess Tarhatta Alonto Lucman (OIC)

1986-1987

7.

Atty. Saidamen Pangarungan (OIC)

1987-1988

8.

Acmad Tomawis (OIC)

9.

Atty. Saidamen Pangarungan

1988-1992

10.

Atty. Omar B. Umpar (OIC)

1992

11.

Dr. Mahid M. Mutilan

1992-2001

12.

Engr. Mamintal M. Adiong, Sr.

2001-2004

13.

Aleem Bashier D. Manalao

14.

Engr. Mamintal Al. Adiong, Jr.

1988

2004 – 2007 2007 – to date

Source: Basic Information Lanao del Sur DTI Provincial Office

Table 2: Elected Provincial Officials for the years 2007-2010:

GOVENOR VICE GOVERNOR

ELECTED PROVINCIAL OFFICIALS 2007-2010 HON. MAMINTAL ALONTO ADIONG, JR. HON. RPK ARSAD A. MAROHOMBSAR SANGGUNIANG PANLALAWIGAN MEMB ERS

1 ST DISTRICT:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon.

Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Kamal P. Macasundig Ashary S. Diron

2 ND DISTRICT:

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon. Hon.

Abdulkarim M. Marohom Macapandi S. Mindalano Samin R.Usman Macasidar S. Sarip Morsalim A. Tominoray 11

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 EX-OFFICIO MEMB ERS: 1. HON. ABDULRASHID A. BALINDONG 2. HON. MAMINTAL R. ADIONG, III 3. HON. TOHAMY L. DOMADO Source: PPDO 2007

-

FPABC FPSK FPCL

1.2 GEOGRAPHY: The province of Lanao del Sur is located at latitude 7° 24’ 34” and nestled in the hinterland of Mindanao at an elevation of 702 meters above sea level. It occupies the extensive plateau of North Central Mindanao and surrounds the basin of Lake Lanao, the largest lake in Mindanao and the second largest in the Philippines, next to Laguna de Bay. The province of Bukidnon bounds it on the East, on the South of it is Maguindanao and North Cotabato, on the West is Illana Bay and on the Northwest is the province of Lanao del Norte.

Lanao del Sur is well-enclosed within the Bukidnon-Lanao highland areas with a series of plateaus, plains, highlands and basins, rolling hills and volcanoes which mountain ranges serve as a natural boundary from Maguindanao and Cotabato. The province has a total land area of 13,574.24 square kilometers with 340 square kilometers of water area composed of lakes and swamps.

The province can be reached through three (3) major points of entry. One from the north, through the 36-kilometer concrete highway from Iligan City; another from the south, through the seaport in Malabang and from the Cotabato City to Malabang route. The province can also be reached through the 118-kilometer road from the Cagayan de Oro City Aiport.

1.3 POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS: Lanao del Sur is composed of 39 municipalities and Marawi City, a component city. It has a total of 1,158 barangays and is divided into two congressional districts.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 3: Number of Barangays by Municipality and by District

Municipality

Number of Barangays

First District: 1. Buadipuso Buntong 2. Bubong 3. Bumbaran 4. Ditsaan-Ramain 5. Kapai 6. Lumba Bayabao 7. Maguing 8. Marantao 9. Masiu 10. Mulondo 11. Piagapo 12. Poona Bayabao 13. Saguiaran 14. Tagoloan 15. Tamparan 16. Taraka 17. Wao 18. Marawi City

Number of Barangays

Municipality Second District:

33 36 17 34 20 38 34 34 35 26 37 25 30 19 44 43 26 96

1. Bacolod Kalawi 2. Balabagan 3. Balindong 4. Bayang 5. Binidayan 6. Butig 7. Calanogas 8. Ganassi 9. Kapatagan 10. Lumbatan 11. Lumbac-Unayan 12. Lumbayanague 13. Madalum 14. Madamba 15. Malabang 16. Marogong 17. Pagayawan 18. Pualas 19. Sultan Dumalondong 20. Sultan Gumander 21. Tubaran 22. Tugaya

26 27 38 49 26 17 17 32 15 20 9 22 37 24 37 24 18 23 7 19 21 23

Source: DILG, 2007

Table No. 4: Municipalities, their date of Creation and Legal Basis

1 st Congressional District 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Balindong Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain Kapai Lumba Bayabao Maguing Marantao Masiu

Date of Creation

Legal Basis of Creation

June 25, 1963 May 4, 1977 May 4, 1977 November 11, 1977 June 25, 1963 July 18, 1967 June 1, 1961 May 4, 1977 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963

E.O. No. 42 P.D. 1133 P.D 1133 P.D. 1243 E.O. 42 E.O. 77 E.O. 428 P.D. 1134 E.O. 42 E.O .42

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Mulondo Piagapo Poona Bayabao Saguiaran Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Wao

2 nd Congressional District 1. Bacolod Grande 2. Balabagan 3. Bayang 4. Binidayan 5. Butig 6. Calanogas 7. Ganassi 8. Kapatagan 9. Lumbaca Unayan 10. Lumbatan 11. Lumbayanague 12. Madalum 13. Madamba 14. Malabang 15. Marogong 16. Pagayawan 17. Pualas 18. Sultan Domalondong 19. Sultan Gumander 20. Tubaran 21. Tugaya Source: NSO/PPDO-Lanao del Sur

June 25, 1963 February 22, 1961 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963 June 11, 1978 September 28, 1960 June 25, 1963 February 22, 1961

E.O. 42 E.O. 418 E.O. 42 E.O. 42 P.D. 1458 E.O. 405 E.O. 42 E.O. 418

June 25, 1963 March 15, 1960 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963 May 4, 1977 January 18, 1961 February 8, 1982 November 28, 2004 June 25, 1963 February 4, 1977 July 18,1967 June 25, 1963 March 19, 1893 May 4, 1977 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963 February 15, 1997 May 4, 1977 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963

E.O. 42 E.O. 386 E.O. 42 E.O. 42 E.O. 42 P.D. 1133 E.O. 411 B.P. Blg. 163 MMA Act No. 106 E.O. 42 P.D. 1091 E.O. No. 77 E.O. 42 MAURA LAW P.D. 1131 E.O. 42 E.O. 42 MMA 25 P.D. 1135 E.O. 42 E.O. 42

1.4 TOPOGRAPHY AND HYDROLOGICAL FEATURES:

The province of Lanao del Sur is enveloped within the Bukidnon-Lanao highland areas. It has several lakes and rivers. Within the heart of the province is Lake Lanao which runs through Agus River and divides the province as it flows northward towards Illana Bay. The Agus River which serves as the source of Hydro-Power generation for series of hydroelectric plants has an area of 1,900 square kilometers.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Plateaus, hills, volcanoes and mountain ranges also abound the province and act as natural boundaries of Maguindanao and North Cotabato along its southern portion. Towards the east near the Bukidnon boundary, a large lowland area lies the Maridagao Valley. The province’s highest mountains are Mount Ragang, Piagayongan and Magatoring which measures about 6,000 to 9,000 feet above sea level.

The municipalities of Picong, Malabang, Balabagan and Kapatagan are located in the coastal areas. These municipalities are located almost on a flat or plain terrain.

1.5 CLIMATE AND RAINFALLS:

The heavy wooded forest and mountains surrounding the province provide a natural shield against typhoons and floods. The elevation of the province is at 2,300 feet above sea level. This makes the climate ranges from a warm to near temperate around the Lake Lanao vicinity. The month of January to April is generally considered dry season while the month of May to December is considered wet or rainy season.

The rainfall pattern as recorded by PAGASA AGROMET STATION located at the Mindanao State University Campus at Marawi City shows that the shortest monthly rainfall of 8.7 mm from 2004 to 2007 happened on February 2005. The largest monthly rainfall of 554.6 mm has occured on June 2007.

The moderate climate of the province is considered as one of its assets in terms of its potential for tourism, being known as the Summer Capital of the South.

Table 5: Rainfall Pattern 2004-2007

MONTH January February March

2004 Total Mean 161.6 5.2 162.8 5.8 73.1 2.4

RAINFALL PATTERN (mm) 2005 2006 Total Mean Total Mean 176.5 5.7 200.7 6.5 8.7 0.3 167.0 6.0 115.8 3.7 139.5 4.5

2007 Total Mean 187.9 6.1 137.2 4.9 25.4 0.8

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 April May June July August September October November December Average

76.5 243.5 320.6 422.5 78.9 370.9 108.2 94.0 76.8 182.5

2.6 7.9 10.7 13.6 2.5 12.4 3.5 3.1 2.5 6.0

87.6 328.8 366.9 128.0 218.5 341.5 219.6 329.1 191.5 209.4

2.9 10.6 12.2 4.1 7.1 11.4 7.1 11.0 6.2 6.9

114.2 154.2 469.4 133.7 199.1 279.4 210.0 322.5 169.2 213.2

3.8 5.0 15.7 4.3 6.4 9.3 6.8 10.8 5.5 7.1

62.9 346.5 554.6 203.1 243.1 156.1 204.6 217.0 225.0 213.6

2.1 11.2 18.5 6.6 7.8 5.2 6.6 7.2 7.3 7.0

Source: PAGASA AGROMET STATION, MSU Campus, Marawi City 2008

1.6 LANGUAGE / DIALECTS:

Maranao is the most spoken dialect in Lanao del Sur. About nine in every ten (88 percent) of the 97,104 households used Maranao as their language at home. Households that used Hiligaynon, Ilonggo and Cebuano dialects both accounted for at about 3 percent each while Ibanag dialect was used by about 2 percent. The remaining 5 percent used other language or dialects.

Table 6: Language or Dialect Generally Spoken in the Households (Figures are estimates based on a 10% sample)

Language / Dialect

Number of Households

Percentage

Maranao

85,401

87.95%

Hiligaynon, Ilonggo

3,183

3.28%

Cebuano

2,384

2.46%

Ibanag

1,491

1.54%

Iranon

1,161

1.20%

Bisaya / Binisaya

542

0.56%

Tagalog

258

0.27%

Maguindanao

84

0.09%

Others

2,600

2.68%

Total

97,104

100%

Source: NSO 2000 16

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 1.7 RELIGIOUS SECTS:

In 2000, about 93 percent of the household population in Lanao del Sur were Islam believers. Roman Catholic ranked second with more than 5 percent while Iglesia ni Cristo ranked third with 0.46 percent.The remaining 1.41 percent belonged to other religions.

Table 7: Household Population by Religious Affiliation and Sex (Marawi City is not included)

Religious Affiliation Islam Roman Catholic Iglesia ni Cristo Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints Evangelicals Tribal / Ethnic Religion Others Total

Percentage of Both Sexes 92.8% 5.3% 0.46% 0.21% 0.17% 0.03% 1.0% 100%

Both Sexes

Male

Female

620,910 35,390 3,087

300,150 18,177 1,507

320,760 17,213 1,580

1,393 1,161 217 6,702 668,860

680 592 109 3,251 324,466

713 569 108 3,451 344,394

Source: NSO 2000

1.8 ETHNIC GROUPS: Of the 668,860 household populations in the province, majority (91.04 percent) classified themselves as Maranao, followed by Hiligaynon or Ilonggo at 2.47 percent and Cebuano at 1.97 percent. Others considered themselves as Iranon (0.93 percent), Ilocano (0.79 percent), and others (2.80 percent).

Table 8: Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex (Marawi City is not included)

Ethnicity Maranao Hiligaynon / Ilonggo Cebuano

Both Sexes 608,902 16,543 13,148

Male 294,247 8,444 6,640

Female 314,655 8,099 6,508

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Iranon Ilocano Bisaya / Binisaya Tagalog Ibanag Maguindanao Batangan Higaonon Other Ethnic Groups TOTAL

6,221 5,300 4,309 1,609 1,154 828 798 769 9,279 668,860

3,095 2,729 2,176 736 567 437 427 397 4,571 324,466

3,126 2,571 2,133 873 587 391 371 372 4,708 344,394

Source: NSO 2000

1.9 CITIZENSHIP: In 2000 NSO Census, more than 86 percent of the household population in Lanao del Sur were Filipinos. Angolan and British nationals residing in the province comprised 1.29 percent and 0.34 percent, respectively while the remaining 8 percent belonged to other nationalities.

Table 9: Household Population by Citizenship and Sex

Citizenship Filipino Chinese American Indonesian Japanese Iranian Australian British Afghan Algerian Angolan Antiguan Argentine, Argentinean Belgian Brazilian Brunei Darussalem Finn, Finnish Nigerian Pakistani Uruguayan

Both Sexes 575,930 330 184 128 597 783 501 2,297 5 11 8,601 47 88 40 45 20 1,037 314 1,001 8

Male 280,266 143 110 71 287 321 192 1,151 5 4,003 16 64 21 12 7 540 139 495 -

Female 295,664 187 74 57 310 462 309 1,146 11 4,598 31 24 19 33 13 497 175 506 8

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Others Not stated TOTAL

46,959 29,934 668,860

22,182 14,441 324,466

24,777 15,493 344,394

Source: NSO, 2000

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER II HUMAN RESOURCES 2.1 POPULATION AND GROWTH: The province of Lanao del Sur demonstrates an annual growth rate of 3.40% over a period of 10 years from 1990 to 2000 but the annual growth rate decreases to 3.18% from 1995 to 2000, or a decrease of 0.22%. The decrease can be attributed to out migration due to poverty incidence in the province. The 2007 census, however, registered an annual population growth of 6.04% including Marawi City. Specifically, the population growth from 1995 to 2000 of the 39 municipalities of the province excluding Marawi City shows that Lumbayanague and Pualas registered a negative annual growth rate of -1.68 and -0.94%, respectively. However, three (3) of the 39 municipalities posted more than 5% annual growth rate with Bubong 7.04% followed by Madamba 5.94 and Wao 5.76%. The 2000 NSO census on population shows Wao to have registered a high population of 35,517 while Bumbaran registered the lowest population of 6,589.

Table 10: Population Enumerated in 2000 and 2007 Census

City/Municipality Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan

2000

2007

17,761 24,558 24,470 21,020 18,081 13,535 19,003 6,589 16,283 9,989 19,157 18,947 16,564 7,804

20,564 33,421 30,295 24,185 21,569 19,316 23,148 13,297 22,256 21,847 25,425 25,456 18,916 19,598

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Lumba-Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Molundo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona-Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Gumander (Picong) Sultan Domalondong Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao Marawi City Lanao del Sur Source: NSO 2000 & 2007

23,521 11,672* 17,445 12,835 18,405 15,442 18,095 33,177 24,647 16,165 24,105 12,368 9,757 23,903 17,390 7,887 22,636 12,230 11,105 8,714 19,975 18,832 11,021 20,139 35,517 131,090 800,162

57,304 11,766 24,036 21,717 25,585 19,587 29,045 41,024 32,075 21,120 30,196 16,458 18,374 34,792 23,589 17,962 23,274 23,487 16,693 11,144 27,875 28,196 20,358 24,017 42,186 177,391 1,138,544

*Joint COC by DILG, COMELEC and NSO (8/24/04)

2.1.1 POPULATION DENSITY:

The province has a total land area of 13,574.24 square kilometers with an estimate of 366.78 square kilometers of water area composed of useful lakes and swamps. The Municipality of Bubong occupies the biggest land area of 798.50 square kilometers while the Municipality of Lumbaca Unayan has the smallest land area of 42.28 square kilometers. It has a total population of 1,138,544 based on 2007 NSO Census. It registered an average population density of 84 persons per square kilometer. Marawi City has the highest density of 2,026 while the Municipality of Bumbaran has the lowest of only 24 persons per square kilometer.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 11: Total Population, Land Area and Density by Municipality

MUNICIPALITY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander (Picong) Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao Marawi City

TOTAL

POPULATION (2007)

20,564 33,421 30,295 24,184 21,569 19,316 23,148 13,297 22,256 21,847 25,425 25,456 18,916 19,598 57,304 11,766 24,036 21,717 25,585 19,587 29,045 41,024 32,075 21,120 30,196 16,458 18,374 34,792 23,589 17,962 23,274 16,693 23,487 11,144 27,875 28,196 20,358 24,017 42,186 177,391 1,138,544

LAND AREA (Sq. Km.) 491.57 155.40 290.00 230.00 289.58 154.80 798.50 544.10 411.49 195.00 375.50 431.96 398.60 258.13 578.20 42.28 138.39 218.70 694.94 477.00 615.04 150.00 568.90 315.00 175.56 405.87 196.37 340.07 280.00 202.34 162.80 51.35 277.56 382.35 520.52 435.40 435.00 355.76 286.26 87.55

DENSITY (Per Sq. Km.) 42 215 104 105 74 125 29 24 54 112 68 59 47 76 99 278 174 99 37 41 47 273 56 67 172 41 94 102 84 89 143 325 85 29 54 65 47 68 147 2,026

13,574.24

84

Source: 2007 Census of Population, DENR-LMB/ DB M 2004

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 2.1.2 POPULATION DISTRIBUTION BY SEX: NSO 2000 Census shows that the population of Lanao del Sur was dominated by females as the sex ratio of the province was recorded at 94. This means that there were 94 males for every 100 females. The 1995 NSO Census revealed that male population of the province is about 50.06% while female populace is 49.94% or lower by 0.12%. There were more females than males in the age bracket 0 to 39 years. However, as the age advanced to 40 years onwards, males dominated their female counterparts. The increase of female populace can be attributed to outmigration of male and higher mortality rate of male than female.

Table 12: Total Population by Sex and by Municipality MUNICIPALITY

MALE

FEMALE

TOTAL

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran

8,405 12,620 11,699 10,241 8,694 6,621 9,326 3,381

9,356 11,938 12,771 10,779 9,387 6,914 9,677 3,208

17,761 24,558 24,470 21,020 18,081 13,535 19,003 6,589

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan

7,837 4,919 9,258 8,756 7,684 3,883

8,446 5,070 9,899 10,172 8,880 3,921

16,283 9,989 19,157 18,928 16,564 7,804

15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

Lumba Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum

11,369 8,231 6,122 8,863

12,152 9,232 6,713 9,542

23,521 11,672* 17,445 12,835 18,405

20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong

7,670 8,503 16,238 11,885 7,909

7,772 9,592 16,939 12,762 8,256

15,442 18,095 33,177 24,647 16,165

25. 26. 27. 28.

Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo

11,273 5,773 4,993 11,769

12,832 6,595 4,764 12,134

24,105 12,368 9,757 23,903

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao Marawi City TOTAL Source: 2000 Census of Population, NSO

8,304 3,872 11,033 4,886 5,921 4,191 9,557 9,289 5,588 9,952 18,157 -

9,086 4,015 11,603 6,219 6,309 4,523 10,418 9,543 5,433 10,187 17,360 -

324,673

17,390 7,887 22,636 11,105 12,230 8,714 19,975 18,832 11,021 20,139 35,517

131,090 800,162

344,399

*Joint COC by DILG, COMELEC and NSO (8/24/04)

2.1.3 HOUSEHOLD POPULATION: Based on the NSO records from 1995-2000, 94.9% of the household is headed by male and only 5.1% headed by female. This indicates that the household in the province is basically patriarchal. Headship rate peaked at ages 30 to 39 years for males (33 percent) and 40 to 49 years for females (30 percent). The NSO records of 1990 and 2000 show that there are fourteen (14) municipalities whose number of household decreases or negative in growth number. The Municipality of Tugaya registered the highest average household size of 9.7 in 1995 and 8.4 in 2000, while the municipalities with the lowest average size of household of 4.6 are Kapatagan and Butig in 1995. In 2000 the Municipality of Wao has the lowest average size of household with 5.4.

Table 13: Household Population, Number of Household and Average Size of Household

MUNICIPALITY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong

HOUSEHOLD POPULATION 1995 2000 16,145 17,161 21,557 24,558 21,825 24,470 20,060 21,020 16,159 18,081 11,657 13,533 14,054 19,003

NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLD 1995 2000 2,389 2,465 3,681 3,821 2,702 3,220 2,826 2,789 2,485 2,645 2,055 1,938 2,212 2,404

AVERAGE SIZE OF HOUSEHOLD 1995 2000 6.8 7.2 5.9 6.4 8.1 7.6 7.1 7.5 8.6 6.8 5.7 7 6.4 7.9

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38.

Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao

6,001 16,229 8,577 16,285 16,947 13,310 6,702 21,003 15,505 13,888 15,836 11,914 15,539 28,840 20,942 13,765 20,042 11,868 8,900 19,188 15,149 8,259 18,703 1,326 40,503 7,760 17,507 16,505 9,617 17,552 27,503

6,589 16,283 9,989 19,157 18,947 16,564 7,804 23,521 17,445 12,835 18,405 15,442 17,390 33,177 24,647 16,185 24,105 12,268 9,757 23,903 17,390 7,887 22,636 11,105 12,230 8,714 19,975 18,832 11,021 20,139 35,517

956 3,498 1,845 2,283 2,408 1,907 1,457 3,469 2,555 2,580 2,289 1,653 2,547 5,074 3,748 2,002 3,128 1,858 1,248 3,035 2,118 1,109 2,856 2,224 987 2,639 2,785 1,640 1,817 5,784

1,133 3,038 1,481 2,682 3,038 2,270 1,407 3,632 2,200 2,008 2,804 2,316 2,734 4,883 3,598 2,209 3,486 1,634 1,311 3,487 2,452 1,468 3,074 1,326 1,720 1,084 2,879 2,548 1,680 2,391 6,505

TOTAL

571,804

669,072

109,985

97,688

6.3 4.6 5.2 7.1 7 7 4.6 6.1 6.1 5.4 6.9 7.2 6.1 5.7 5.6 6.9 6.3 6.4 7.1 6.3 7.2 7.4 6.5 4.7 7.9 6.6 5.9 5.9 9.7 4.7

5.8 6.2 6.7 7.1 6.2 7.3 5.5 6.5 7.9 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.3 6.9 7.6 7.4 6.8 7.1 5.5 7.3 8.4 7.1 8.2 6.9 7.4 6.5 8.4 5.4

Source: NSO, 1995-2000

2.2 LABOR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENT:

Observing the participation of the people in different economic activities suggest the impression that labor participation in the province is impressive. In the rural areas, and even in the City of Marawi, children below 18 years of age are already engage in income generating activities to augment the income of their families. What makes the labor characteristic in the province different from other provinces in the country is the spirit of voluntarism of the youth to support their own family. Not like in other places where children are forced to work even against 25

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 their own will. Based on this observation it can be assumed that labor participation in the province is quite high since the workforce includes children of minor age.

In 2000 Census, there were 11,889 overseas workers from the province (1.78% percent of the total household population 10 years and over) in which 58.4% percent were in the ages 20 to 29 years, 47.24 percent were males, and 2.88 percent were academic degree holders.

The census of 2000 accounted the number of population within the workforce bracket at 490,000 or 73.24 percent of the total population of the province excluding Marawi City. Out of the workforce population, only 49.5 percent are employed or a total labor force of 242,550 that includes the 1.16 percent or 5,684 overseas workers. The employment rate of the province posted at 49.5% or the total workforce or 36.25 percent of the total population. As of January 2001 the employment rate of the province is 92.2 while the unemployment rate is only 7.8.

2.3 AGE DEPENDENCY RATIOS: In Lanao del Sur, 54 percent of the total population were 15 to 64 years old (working group). Individuals aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents) constituted 44.23 percent while those aged 65 years and above (old dependents), 1.77 percent.

In 2000, dependency ratio was 85. This means that for every 100 persons in the working age group, there were 85 dependents, that is, 82 young dependents and 3 old dependents. The 2000 ratio was lower than the 1995 ratio of 86.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER III NATURAL RESOURCES 3.1 LAND AREA:

The land area of the province is 13,574.24 square kilometers, including the City of Marawi. This is based from the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) records, which is the bases of the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) of the respective municipalities of the province and of the province itself.

Of the municipalities comprising the province, the Municipality of Bubong has the largest land area with 798.50 square kilometers, which is 5.88% of the total land area of province, while the Municipality of Lumbaca Unayan has the smallest land area, which is 42.28 square kilometeres, or only 0.31% of the total land area of the province.

Table 14: Land Area By Municipality, and Percent to Province

MUNICIPALITY

LAND AREA (Sq. Km.)

PERCENT (%)

491.57 155.40 290.00 230.00 289.58 154.80 798.50 544.10 411.49 195.00 375.50 431.96 398.60 258.13 578.20 42.28* 138.39 218.70 694.94 477.00

3.62 1.14 2.14 1.69 2.13 1.14 5.88 4.01 3.03 1.44 2.77 3.18 2.94 1.90 4.26 0.31 1.02 1.61 5.12 3.51

1. Bacolod Kalawi 2. Balabagan 3. Balindong 4. Bayang 5. Binidayan 6. Buadipuso Buntong 7. Bubong 8. Bumbaran 9. Butig 10. Calanogas 11. Ditsaan Ramain 12. Ganassi 13. Kapai 14. Kapatagan 15. Lumba Bayabao 16. Lumbaca Unayan 17. Lumbatan 18. Lumbayanague 19. Madalum 20. Madamba 27

Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao Marawi City

615.04 150.00 568.90 315.00 175.56 405.87 196.37 340.07 280.00 202.34 162.80 51.35 277.56 382.35 520.52 435.40 435.00 355.76 286.26 87.55

4.53 1.10 4.19 2.32 1.29 2.99 1.45 2.51 2.06 1.49 1.20 0.38 2.04 2.82 3.83 3.21 3.20 2.62 2.11 0.64

TOTAL

13,574.24

100.00

Source: DENR-LMB/DB M/2004

*Joint COC by DILG, COMELEC and NSO (8/24/04)

The province has about 3,873.20 square kilometers of water area, composed of lakes, rivers and swamps. There are about eight (8) lakes in the province with a total area of about 366.78 square kilometers. Lake Lanao has the biggest area of 347 square kilometers.

Table 15: Lakes in the Province and by Area

LAKES 1. Lake Lanao

AREA (Sq. Km.) 347.00

2. Lake Dapao

10.13

3. Lake Butig

5.14

4. Lake Putian

1.91

5. Lake Lalabuan

1.00

6. Lake Uyaan

0.60

7. Lake Latakan

0.50

8. Lake Amai Kurut

0.50

Source: PPDO 2007

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 3.1.1 EXISTING LAND USE AND CLASSIFICATION:

The total land area of the province is classified according to two (2) uses namely: 1. Forest Land which includes (a) Production Forest, (b) Protected Forest and (c) Non-forest (Agriculture). 2. Alienable and Disposable (A&D) land which includes (a) Production Areas, (b) Protected Areas and Built-up Areas.

In 1986, the NSO data revealed that 1,331 sq. km. was certified as A&D land and 2,540.7 sq. km. as forestland. In 1997, however, there was a decrease of 11.85% of the total area of forest land, thus, decreasing the forest land to 53.75% while the Alienable and Disposable land area had increased to 46.25%.

3.1.2 ALIENABLE AND DISPOSABLE LANDS:

The A&D lands of the province have a total area of 1,502.523 square kilometers. The largest A&D land, with an area of 167.040 square kilometers, is found in the Municipality of Tagoloan and the smallest A&D land, with only 5.125 square kilometers, is in the Municipality of Madalum.

The protected areas within A&D land include the 117.80 square kilometers of irrigable lands cultivated for rice production. It also includes other National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS) that are restricted for further conversion due to the sustainability of the land for agricultural production like rice.

The production areas within A&D lands constitute a total of 843.86 square kilometers which are divided according to the type of crops planted, such as: 192.623 square kilometers for seasonal crops; 507.384 square kilometers for annual crops and 5.766 for perennial crops and fruit bearing trees.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 16: Alienable and Disposable Land By Municipality and Protected land Within A&D

MUNICIPALITY 1. Bacolod Kalawi 2. Balabagan 3. Balindong 4. Bayang 5. Binidayan 6. Buadipuso Buntong 7. Bubong 8. Bumbaran 9. Butig 10. Calanogas 11. Ditsaan Ramain 12. Ganassi 13. Kapai 14. Kapatagan 15. Lumba Bayabao 16. Lumbatan 17. Lumbayanague 18. Madalum 19. Madamba 20. Maguing 21. Malabang 22. Marantao 23. Marogong 24. Masiu 25. Mulondo 26. Pagayawan 27. Piagapo 28. Poona Bayabao 29. Pualas 30. Saguiaran 31. Sultan Domalondong 32. Sultan Gumander 33. Tagoloan 34. Tamparan 35. Taraka 36. Tubaran 37. Tugaya 38. Wao 39. Marawi City

TOTAL

A&D LAND (Sq. Km.) 11.445 82.69 30.65 27.295 29.365 51.2 11.72 21.335 84.903 99.81 76.15 75.665 30.09 38.095 30.15 5.125 24.82 26.695 108.99 33.525 84.69 23.1 13.95 54.8 41.47 12.27 49.52 43.84

PROTECTION WITHIN A&D NIPAS

NON-NIPAS 8.820 14.900 2.950 2.625 25.500

91.320

0.700

0.520 16.000 20.095 36.135 5.125 13.870

13.525 76.190 6.600 0.700 5.150 3.675 9.520

27.84 167.04 9.6 18.52

36.135 8.675 9.870 8.720 5.300 1.570

22.965 33.2 -

20.275

1.570

22,816.188

121.635

366.805

Source: PPDO/PLUC-Lanao del Sur

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 3.1.3 BUILT-UP AREAS:

The built up areas per NAMRIA survey in the province constitute a total of 2.750 square kilometers. However, this has to be verified since the survey was conducted quite a long time ago. The 2000 CPH shows a number of urban population suggesting the probability of having an urban centers or build-up areas. Marawi City has the highest urban population and the Municipality of Bubong has the lowest urban population. The urban population sets the parameters of the estimated areas of urban centers or build-up areas.

3.1.4

SOIL TYPE: The Bureau of Soils identified eleven (11) types of soil common in the province, a large

portion of which is suitable for rice and a corn. Salaman Loam clay accounts for 0.52%, Ramain and Buaya-an loam clay with 0.50%, and Pu-an loam clay with 0.21%. All these are identified as good types of land suitable for agricultural cultivation. The moderately good type of soil is the Binidayan silt loam which is 11.1%, while the fairly good soil but limited for cultivation are the Adtuyo clay loam, Langkong Sandy loam and Kundarangan clay loam comprising about 33.3% land with a soil type limited to pasture and forest are the Malabang sandy loam, Adtuyo-bam Castillan Complex, Caromatan Silt Loam, Bolinao Silt loam, Kidapawan clay loam and Jansan clay loam with and aggregate percentage of 15.62%. Land with a soil type suitable for forestry is the mountain soil with 30.15%. Another soil type is the Kudarang loam clay which comprises about 30.15%.

Table 17: Soil Type, Land Capability, and Dominant Feature

SOIL TYPE

LAND CAPABILITY

Salaman Loam

Very good land (land suitable for agricultural cultivation)

Ramin Clay Loam/Buayan Caly Loam

Good Land (suitable for agricultural cultivation

DOMINANT FEATURE Level to nearly level; well drained; medium texture; deep to very deep soils Level to nearly level; somewhat poorly drained; fine subsoil, deep soil

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Pugaan Clay Loam

Good land (suitable for agricultural cultivation)

Binidayan Silt loam

Moderately good land (suitable for agricultural cultivation) Fairly good land (suitable for limited cultivation) Land limited to pasture or forest

Adtuyon Clay?langkong Sandy Loam/Kundarangan Clay Malabang Sandy Loam/Adtuyon la Castallana Complex/Caromat Silt Loam/Bolinao Clay Loam/Jasan Clay Loam/kidapawan Clay Loam Mountain Soil undifferentiated

Lands limited to forestry

Lake Lanao Hydrosol

Lands limited to wild life Lands limited to wild life

Rubble

Lands limited to wild life

Level to nearly level; somewhat excessively drained, coarse textured moderately deep soil Moderately sloping; well drained; fine subsoil deep soil Strong sloping; well drained shallow soil Steep, well drained shallow soils

Very steep; well drained shallow soil Body of water Very poorly drained; marshy or swampy Very steep rugged; barren; very shallow or no soil; rocky and stony

Source: Bureau of Soils, DA-Lanao del Sur

Table 18: Protected Lands

MUNICIPALITY Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang

NIPAS (Sq. Km.) 2.500

Non-NIPAS (Sq. Km.) 0.325 4.725

0.150

0.125 53.325 61.075 54.325

468.025

0.150 2.550 0.650 10.050 30.975 11.475 0.900 15.550 5.00 2.375 10.500 3.800

16.275 23.575 99.240

3.675 7.850

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao

TOTAL

80.250 20.00

1.725 0.150

0.375 5.150 11.425 36.725 0.500 3.150 13.275 9.425 5.475

0.175 18.725

0.775

819.39

277.075

Source: Provincial Physical Framework Plan 1993-2002 Province of Lanao del Sur

3.2 FORESTRY:

Of the forest land area of 1,258.239 square kilometers about 478.56 square kilometers is classified as production forest. These production forest areas are located in the municipalities of Tagoloan, Wao, and portions of the municipalities of Bubong, Kapai and Bumbaran.

Through the Family Approach Contract Reforestration Program of the DENR of the Lanao del Sur provincial office, a total of about 10.351 square kilometers of land has been reforested.

Majority of the municipalities of the province have declared forest land areas within their respective territorial domains. The Municipality of Lumba-Bayabao has the biggest municipal forest land area of 300.054 square kilometers.

The 28 municipalities surrounding Lake Lanao have decreased protected areas under the watershed protection proclamation of the ARMM Government.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Aside from the decreased watershed protected areas, the DENR protection map and the BSWM map shows that the National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS) covered an area of 819.39 square kilometers, with the Municipality of Maguing having the largest NIPAS area of 99.240 square kilometers. 27 municipalities of the province do not have declared NIPAS areas. The Municipality of Marogong has the largest Non-NIPAS area with a total of 80.250 square kilometers.

A total area of 66.171 square kilometers, within the forest land is classified as non-forest or agricultural land. More than 200 families are being settled in these areas and are awarded with Certificates of Stewardship Contract (CSC) by the Office of the Provincial Environment and Natural Resources of the province. These non-forest or agricultural lands are mostly located along the wateshed protected areas.

Table 19: Forest Land Area By Municipality

MUNICIPALITY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.

Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao

LAND AREA (Sq. Km.) 491.57 155.40 290.00 230.00 289.58 154.80 798.50 544.10 411.49 195.00 375.50 431.96 398.60 258.13 578.20 42.28* 138.39 218.70 694.94 477.00 615.04 150.00 568.90

FOREST LANDS (Sq. Km.) 2.570

9.500

45.610 127.925 92.00 33.120 22.240 39.670 0.22 300.054 2.400 6.590 17.500 27.235 218.040

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 24. Marogong 25. Masiu 26. Mulondo 27. Pagayawan 28. Piagapo 29. Poona Bayabao 30. Pualas 31. Saguiaran 32. Sultan Domalondong 33. Sultan Gumander 34. Tagoloan 35. Tamparan 36. Taraka 37. Tubaran 38. Tugaya 39. Wao 39. Marawi City

TOTAL

315.00 175.56 405.87 196.37 340.07 280.00 202.34 162.80 51.35 277.56 382.35 520.52 435.40 435.00 355.76 286.26 87.55

25.00 21.050

31.450 5.395

54.460

35.170 0.150 140.890

13,574.24

Source: PPDO/PLUC Lanao del Sur / DENR-LMB/DB M/2004

1,258.239 *Joint COC by DILG, COMELEC & NSO

3.3 MINERAL RESOURCES:

The Province of Lanao del Sur is the holder of the Second Largest Lake in the Philippines known as “Lake Lanao� with more than two thousand hectares of forest watershed and four major river tributaries such as Ramain, Taraka, Poona Bayabao, Masiu River and other river tributaries.

The mineral resources in Lanao del Sur comprise the boulders, gravel, cobbles and sand. There are also available reserve resources such as copper, gold, magnesium.

3.4 FISHERY AND AQUATIC RESOURCES:

In the past, fishery is one of the major sources of income of the people residing along the shore of Lake Lanao. The volume of catch from the Lake was more than sufficient for the fish requirement of the populace indicated by the very negligible volume of sea fishes coming from Iligan City. But the suspected ecological imbalance as a result of the installation of the hydroelectric power plants of the NPC brought a disaster to the breeding grounds of fishes of 35

Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 native species. The introduction of the carnivorous specie is another factor accelerated the extinction of fishes in the lake. Lately, the intervention of the government to remove the carnivorous “Katulong� in the lake is gradually making promising results. The catch is gradually increasing but still far from meeting the fish requirement of the people. The province is dependent of the fish supplies coming from Iligan City and the dried fish from Pagadian City.

The Provincial Agriculture and Fishery Development Plan projected the fish requirement of the province from the year 2005 to 2010 to be at 174,194 metric tons. Like the projected demand for rice, the demand for fish also increases as the population increases. It is noted that the more number of population, the larger volume of fish is demanded.

Table 20: Projected Demand for Fish, 2005 to 2010 (In Metric Tons) MUNICIPALITY Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan

YEAR 2005 660 954 1,126 869 739 594 749 339 805 593 668 828 797 342 947

2006 673 973 1,148 886 754 606 764 346 821 604 681 845 813 349 966

2007 686 992 1,171 904 769 618 779 353 838 617 695 861 829 356 985

2008 700 1,012 1,195 922 784 630 795 360 854 629 709 879 846 363 1,005

2009 714 1,032 1,219 941 800 643 811 367 871 641 723 897 863 370 1,025

2010 728 1,053 1,243 959 816 656 826 374 889 655 736 916 880 378 1,046

726 635 807 550 641 1,371 1,083 756 1,038 489 416

741 648 823 561 654 1,398 1,105 771 1,059 499 424

755 661 840 572 667 1,426 1,127 787 1,080 509 433

770 674 856 584 680 1,455 1,149 802 1,102 519 441

786 687 873 595 694 1,484 1,172 818 1,124 529 450

801 701 891 607 708 1,514 1,195 835 1,146 540 459

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Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Piagapo 973 992 1,012 1,033 Poona Bayabao 772 787 803 819 Pualas 372 379 387 395 Saguiaran 782 798 814 830 Sultan Gumander 519 529 540 551 Tagoloan 372 379 387 395 Tamparan 834 851 868 885 Taraka 776 792 807 823 Tubaran 430 439 447 459 Tugaya 803 819 835 852 Wao 1,450 1,479 1,509 1,539 TOTAL 27,614 28,167 28,730 29,304 Source: Provincial Agriculture and Fishery Development Plan. 2005-2010 Department Agriculture and Food - Lanao del Sur

1,053 836 403 846 562 403 903 840 465 869 1,570 29,891

1,074 852 411 863 573 411 921 857 475 887 1,601 30,488

3.5 WASTE MANAGEMENT: The proportion of households with access to sanitary manner of garbage disposal provides knowledge of the environmental living conditions essential for the formulation of plans and programs to improve general health conditions. The usual manner by which the household disposes its kitchen garbage includes pick up by garbage truck, dumping in individual pit, burning, composting, burying, feeding to animals and others such as throwing in vacant lots, rivers, etc.

37

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER IV MACROECONOMIC SECTOR 1.1 INCOME AND EXPENDITURES:

The economy of the province is largely dependent on agriculture due to two major factors. Firstly, the geographical location of the province is practically isolated from the other provinces with its limited point of entries, elevation and the mountains surrounding it. Related to the isolation of the province are the limited economic activities such as trade and commerce since the province is basically rural. The economy has grown at a rate of 2.3% from 1.4% in 2002. The slow growth rate must have been attributed to decades of political uncertainties.

Secondly, because of the extensive plateau, the total production area of the province is 84,368.02 hectares with 19.262.27 hectares devoted to seasonal crops, 50,738.38 hectares appropriated for annual crops and 57.63 hectares reserved for perennial vegetation and fruit trees.

The contribution of Lanao del Sur to agricultural production output of Central Mindanao is very significant particularly on the following prime crops: corn (23.99%), rice (10.88%), cassava (80.32%), coconut (21.48%) and abaca (44.33%). Livestock resources inventory shows that the province has 25. 97% of carabao breed, 24.23% of goat and 18.77% of cattle raise.

There are several kinds of fruit trees locally grown in the province. The fruits that are commercially brought to the local market are marang, lanzones, mango and durian. The peak season of marang is from January to April, while durian yields for two seasons in a year that is from September to October and January to February.

Twenty nine percent of the annual income of Lanao del Sur has been attributed to the municipal fishing sectors.

38

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 In 1998, the NSCB records showed that the annual average family income in Lanao del Sur was P69,950.00 while the annual average family expenditure was P54,284.00. In 2002, census proved that there was an increase of income at an estimate of 34.62% and a dramatic increase in the expenditure by over 41.65%.

1.2 POVERTY INCIDENCE:

In 2005, the poverty incidence of the province was 59.23%, which means that about the same percentage has per capita income lower than the average income. Based on its poverty incidence, Lanao del Sur ranked 7th lowest among the 82 provinces surveyed. It is one of the 7 th most deprived in the country. This core problem is brought about by unemployment rate of 49.02% of the total workforce or 71.89% of the total population. In 2000, the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) indicated that the labor and employment of Lanao del Sur ranked 56 and 19 0respectively in the entire region. By reason of lack of job opportunities, there is migration in the province, no capital for alternative livelihood, low Agri-Aqua production due to lack of modern farm and fishing technology and antiquated farm and fishery implements.

The economy of the province has grown at a rate of 2.3% from 1.4% in 2002. The slow growth rate must have been attributed to decades of political uncertainties.

Twenty nine percent of the annual income of Lanao del Sur has been attributed to the municipal fishing sectors.

In 1998, the NSCB records showed that the annual average family income in Lanao del Sur was P69,950.00 while the annual average family expenditure was P54,284.00. In 2002, census proved that there was an increase of income at an estimated rate of 34.62% and a dramatic increase in the expenditure by over 41.65%.

39

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER V ECONOMIC SECTOR 5.1 AGRICULTURE:

The economy of the province is basically agriculture due to two major factors: Firstly, the geographical location of the province is practically isolated from the other provinces with its limited point of entries, elevation, and the mountains and rolling hills surrounding the province. Related to the isolation of the province are the limited economic activities such as trade and commerce since the province is basically rural. Secondly, farming is the most feasible and viable economic activity that can bring promising return in terms of gains and profit. The land is fertile and suitable for almost all types of crops. Aside from rice as major staple food of the people, rice is also cultivated for commercial purposes. Corn and root crops are also cultivated in the province. Vegetable is likewise cultivated but primarily for family consumption. In the City of Marawi, vegetables are mostly supplied coming from the nearby City of Iligan.

5.1.1 RICE:

Rice is the major agricultural product in the province cultivated in almost all the municipalities except those in the coastal areas.

Rice is exclusively cultivated in the

municipalities of Bubong, Buadipuso Buntong, Ditsaan Ramain, Mulondo, Poona Bayabao, Lumba Bayabao, Taraka, Tamparan and Masiu. These municipalities are known as the Basak Areas or the lowland areas. The upland municipalities used to cultivate rice, corn and vegetables. The municipalities in the upland parts of the province also used to grow fruit bearing trees as their major agricultural products.

The actual rice production in the province has been monitored by the government agency or agencies concern. However, considering the number of population of the province and the demand for rice being the staple food, there is shortage of rice production in the province as manifested by the importation of rice from the nearby provinces of Bukidnon and Butuan. 40

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Nevertheless, the Office of the Provincial Agriculturist projected a total of 648,207 metric tons demand for rice from 2005 to 2010. Based on the projection, it can be observed that demand keeps on increasing every year which is justified by the growing number of population of the province.

Table 21: Projected Demand for Rice (in MT.), By Municipality, 2005 to 2010 YEAR MUNICIPALITY Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Gumander (Picong)

Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2,478 3,578 4,223 3,260 2,773 2,228 2,812 1,272 3,020 2,226 2,507 3,106 2,989 1,285 3,553 2,726 2,382 3,028 2,061 2,404 5,143 4,062 2,838 3,896 1,833 1,560 3,650 2,898 1,394 2,932 1,946 1,393 3,126 2,909 1,612

2,480 3,607 4,321 3,280 2,805 2,277 2,887 1,313 3,078 2,349 2,509 3,161 3,106 1,314 3,588 2,763 2,409 3,095 2,086 2,408 5,220 4,157 2,922 3,988 1,836 1,580 3,728 2,962 1,408 2,940 1,983 1,415 3,174 2,950 1,626

2,482 3,636 4,419 3,300 2,836 2,325 2,962 1,355 3,136 2,473 2,511 3,216 3,222 1,342 3,623 2,801 2,436 3,161 2,111 2,411 5,298 4,252 3,007 4,080 1,839 1,601 3,806 3,026 1,421 2,948 2,020 1,437 3,221 2,990 1,641

2,484 3,665 4,517 3,320 2,867 2,374 3,037 1,397 3,194 2,596 2,514 3,271 3,339 1,371 3,659 2,838 2,462 3,228 2,136 2,415 5,375 4,347 3,092 4,173 1,841 1,622 3,884 3,090 1,435 2,956 2,057 1,459 3,269 3,030 1,655

2,486 3,694 4,615 3,340 2,899 2,423 3,111 1,438 3,252 2,720 2,517 3,326 3,455 1,400 3,694 2,875 2,489 3,294 2,161 2,419 5,452 4,442 3,176 4,265 1,844 1,643 3,962 3,154 1,448 2,964 2,093 1,481 3,316 3,071 1,670

2,488 3,723 4,713 3,360 2,930 2,472 3,186 1,480 3,310 2,843 2,519 3,381 3,572 1,428 3,729 2,912 2,516 3,361 2,186 2,422 5,529 4,538 3,261 4,357 1,846 1,664 4,040 3,218 1,462 2,972 2,130 1,503 3,363 3,111 1,684

41

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Tugaya Wao TOTAL Source: OPAG / MDM

3,012 5,437 103,554

3,046 5,575 105,345

3,080 5,713 107,137

3,114 5,851 108,932

3,148 5,989 110,724

3,182 6,128 112,515

The supply and demand analysis for rice shows that the total production posted at 25,520 metric tons while the consumption pegged at 107,138 or a shortage of 83,599 metric tons. Out of the 38 municipalities, 5 municipalities show a surplus with the Municipality of Maguing having the biggest surplus of 774 metric tons. The Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain has the smallest surplus of only 9 metric tons.

Table 22: Rice Supply and Demand Analysis Province of Lanao del Sur

MUNICIPALITY Bacolod Grande

PRODUCTION CONSUMPTION (mt.) (mt.) 10 2482

SURPLUS (mt.)

SHORTAGE (mt.) 2472

Balabagan

348

3636

3288

Balindong

119

4419

4300

Bayang

35

3300

3265

Binidayan

49

2836

2787

Buadiposo-Buntong

2695

2325

370

Bubong

3465

2962

503

14

1355

1341

735

3136

2401

Bumbaran Butig Calanogas

56

2473

Ditsaan-Ramain

2520

2511

2417

Ganassi

210

3216

3006

Kapai

189

3222

3033

Kapatagan

238

1342

1104

Lumba-Bayabao

3948

3623

Lumbatan

126

2801

2675

Lumbayanague

70

2436

2366

Madalum

48

3161

3113

Madamba

56

2111

2055

Maguing

3185

2411

Malabang

182

5298

5116

Marantao

45

4252

4207

9

325

774

42

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Marogong

42

3007

2965

Masiu

1008

4080

3072

Mulondo

560

1839

1279

Pagayawan

140

1601

1461

Piagapo

130

3806

3676

Poona Bayabao

2408

3026

618

Pualas

122

1421

1299

57

2948

2891

343

2020

1677

Tagoloan II

67

1437

1370

Tamparan

913

3221

2308

Taraka

1085

2990

1905

95

1641

1546

Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumandar

Tubaran Tugaya Wao TOTAL

21

3080

3059

186

5713

5527

25520

107138

1981

83599

Source: OPAG / MDM, 2007

Table 23: Rice production (MT) and Area Harvested MUNICIPALITY

Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadiposo-Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan-Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba-Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba

Upland (1.4)

Irrigated 5.6

Rainfed 2.1

Area

Production

Area

Production

Area

Production

7 20 50 25 35 ― ― 10 50 40 ― 150 10 50 ― 20 50 15 20

9.8 28 70 35 49 ― ― 14 70 56 ― 210 14 70 ― 28 70 21 28

― 30 5 ― ― 350 450 ― 70 ― 300 ― 20 18 480 10 ― 3 3

― 168 28 ― ― 1960 2520 ― 392 ― 1680 ― 112 101 2688 56 ― 17 17

― 70 10 ― ― 350 450 ― 130 ― 400 ― 30 32 600 20 ― 5 5

― 147 21 ― ― 735 945 ― 273 ― 840 ― 63 67 1260 42 ― 10 10

Total Production 9.8 343 119 35 49 2695 3465 14 735 56 2520 210 189 238 3948 126 70 48 56

43

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumandar Tagoloan II Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao TOTAL

― 5 20 30 20 ― 100 30 ― 40 23 2315 20 10 2 ― 30 15 20 932

― 7 28 42 28 ― 140 42 ― 56 32 21 28 14 3 ― 42 21 28 1,305

400 20 2 ― 100 70 ― 10 280 7 3 25 30 6 110 130 6 ― 15 2,953

2240 112 11 ― 560 392 ― 56 1568 39 17 140 168 34 616 728 34 ― 84 16,538

450 30 3 ― 200 80 ― 15 400 13 4 55 70 9 140 170 9 ― 35 3,785

945 63 6 ― 420 168 ― 32 840 27 8 116 147 19 294 357 19 ― 74 7,948

3185 182 45 42 1008 560 140 130 2408 122 57 281 343 67 913 1085 95 21 186 25,796

Source: OPAG / MDM, 2007

5.1.2 CORN:

As mentioned, the upland municipalities used to grow corn as another major agricultural product. But unlike rice, corns are cultivated in the province not as staple food but purely for commercial purposes. Only a very negligible amount of cooked young corn is sold in the market. White corn is the most preferred variety in the province.

Based on the records of the Office of the Provincial Agriculturist, the projected production for both white & yellow corn in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 are 260,519, 276,159, 287,224 and 307,349 metric tons respectively.

44

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 24: Corn Production Areas and Variety Province of Lanao del Sur

PRODUCTION (TOTAL MT) •White Corn •Yellow Corn

AREA HARVESTED (HAS) •White Corn •Yellow Corn

2007

2008

2009

2010

260,519

276,159

287,224

307,349

185,357

192,308

204,356

209,464

75,162

83,851

82,868

97,885

113,664

119,431

125,403

131,672

95,545

99,128

105,338

107,971

18,119

20,303

20,065

23,701

Source: OPAG / MDM, 2007

The increasing trend of production can be attributed to the increasing production areas and increasing population of the province.

In 1998, the province ranked No. 3 among the top five (5) corn producers in Mindanao. The Mindanao Agri-Fishery Performance compiled by Mindanao Economic Development Council (MEDCO) showed that the province had a total corn production of 317,855 metric tons with a total production area of 160,652 hectares. This figure represented a total of 12.79 percent of the total corn production in Mindanao.

Table 25: Top 5 Corn Producers Mindanao, by province, 1998

PROVINCE Bukidnon South Cotabato Lanao del Sur Lanao del Norte North Cotabato Mindanao

PRODUCTION VOLUME (m.t.) AREA (has) 530,912 197,571 355,799 144,463 317,855 160,652 247,723 146,472 194,855 103,408 2,485,880 1,489,726

% TO MINDANAO 21.36 14.31 12.79 9.97 7.84 66.28

Source: Mindanao Agri-Fishery Performance, 1998 MEDCo 45

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 5.1.3

CASSAVA AND COCONUT: Other major agricultural products in the province are cassava and coconut cultivated in the coastal

municipalities of Malabang, Balabagan, Kapatagan and some parts of the Municipality of Picong. Though there is no available figure on the volume of cassava production from these municipalities, the mere presence of the Matling Flour Milling Corporation in Malabang and another corporation in Balabagan is an indication that the volume of cassava production is quite large that it can feed two (2) milling companies. Coconut is another main source of income of the province particularly in municipalities along the coastal areas where most plantations are concentrated. Coconut trees are also grown in the different upland municipalities of the province but only for local consumption, unlike those in the coastal areas where coconuts are sold in volume as copra. There are 39,765.75 hectares of coconut land in the province based on NAMRIA Survey, which is lower to that of the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics record of 45,300 hectares. These are mostly found in seacost municipalities of Malabang, Balabagan, Picong, Marogong and portion of Calanogas. The coconut products can be transported through the seaports at Malabang and Picong. The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics data in 1993 shows that coconut production is 178,209 metric tons, constituting 25.64% of Central Mindanao production output.

5.1.4

VEGETABLES: Vegetables in the province are not so abundant even as the soil type is almost suitable to any kind

of crops. Vegetable supplies to the province came from the City of Iligan since vegetables grown in the province could not be preserved for a day or more because of the large moisture content deposit. There is an urgent need to introduce agricultural technologies that can upgrade the quality of vegetables produced in the province. The provincial agriculturist projected the demand for vegetable from 2000 to 2004 to be at 2,942.60 mt. Like its projection on the demand for rice, there is also an increasing demand for vegetable. Moreover, the Investment Fact Book 2005 of the province recorded 11 kinds of vegetables and root crops identified as temporary crops. Accordingly, from 2003 to 2004, cassava had been the highest root crops produced in the province. The lowest crop produced within the same period is watermelon. 46

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 26: Vegetable and Crop Production (mt), 2003-2005

CROP Ampalaya Cabbage Camote Cassava Chayote Coconut Eggplant Gabi Ginger Gourd Mongo Peanuts Tomato Watermelon TOTAL

AREA (HECTARES)

13 541 31,599 45,300 16 33 321 11 -

PRODUCTION 2003 2004 2005 91.23 94.35 15.68 61.19 63.28 15.65 1,275.95 1,299.96 524.50 477,313.84 478,420.80 40,651.15 116.07 110.88 178,209* 156.99 163.26 42.18 354.00 367.13 170.51 731.91 736.75 95.36 235.92 223.45 15.84 18.28 20.30 3.25 188.13 191.00 42.15 32.64 34.49 6.84 5.71 7.14 4.45 480,581.86 481,732.79 41,588.56

Source: Estimate 2005, Lanao del Sur * 1993 data, BAS, DA

Like any agricultural products in the province, there is an unstable trend in vegetable and crop production. This may be attributed to the number of farmers and the conversion of agricultural land into residential. Some of the root crops and vegetables are cultivated in small areas and usually within the proximity of residential areas.

5.1.5 AGRICULTURAL FACILITIES / SERVICES:

Although the economy of the province is basically agriculture, the production is not sufficient for the needs of the province, particularly rice. The shortage of rice supply can be attributed to the following facts: Firstly, the farmers are still practicing traditional methods of farming; secondly, large portion of the “Basak area� and even in the upland areas are practically rain feed due to inadequate irrigation; and thirdly, because of the poor agricultural facilities and post-harvest facilities. 47

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 According to the record of the Office of the Post-harvest Facilities Coordinator of the Department of Agriculture and Food of the province, from 2000 to 2002 the province had a total of 22 warehouses with a total capacity of 25,300 bags, 12 rice threshers and 16 corn shellers.

Other agricultural services available in the province include cooperative trainings given by the Cooperative Development Authority (CDA), government agencies, and NGOs organizing farmers.

The Office of the Provincial Agriculturist of the provincial government is also giving related agricultural services such as livestock production and health management.

Solar driers are also available in the province distributed to the different municipalities. The solar driers were constructed through the efforts of individual politicians, government agencies, the UNDP, and the provincial government. The exact numbers of solar driers have not been accounted but the provincial government alone constructed 8 solar driers in 2002 and another 7 in 2003.

Table 27: Warehouse, Rice Thresher, and Corn Sheller Province of Lanao del Sur MUNICIPALITY Buadipuso Buntong Ditsaan Ramain Lumba Bayabao Masiu Mulondo Poona Bayabao Tamparan Saguiaran Balindong Bacolod Grande Balabagan Bayang Calanogas Kapatagan Sultan Domalondong Kapatagan Lumbayanague

WAREHOUSE No. Capacity 10 2 8,000 1 3 17,000 1 300 1 1 1 1 -

RICE THRESHER No. Capacity 10 2 -

CORN SHELLER No. Capacity 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 -

48

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Madalum Madamba Marogong Pagayawan Pualas Tubaran Tugaya

TOTAL

-

-

-

-

1 1 1 1 1 1 1

-

22

25,300

12

-

16

-

Source: Department Agriculture and Food Lanao del Sur

5.2 COMMERCE, TRADE AND INDUSTRY: Using the criteria indicative for hierarchy of urban centers adopted in the formulation of the PPFP of the province shows that only four municipalities fall under the category of secondary urban center. But unlike in other provinces, municipalities having greater number of urban population also serve as commercial and trading centers. In the province, out of the four municipalities categorized as secondary urban centers, only two are commercial and trade centers, the municipalities of Wao and Malabang. The other two commercial and trade centers are the municipalities of Ganassi and Lumbatan identified as village or tertiary urban centers in the PPFP of the province.

The Municipality of Malabang serves as commercial and trade center of the municipalities along the coastal areas and the municipalities of Marogong and Calanogas. The Municipality of Wao on the other hand, serves as the commercial and trade center of the nearby Municipality of Bumbaran and the nearby municipalities of the province of Bukidnon. At the interior part of the province, the commercial and trade centers are the municipalities of Ganassi and Lumbatan where harvests that can accommodate motorized boat are available.

With respect to industry, there are no available major industries in the province, except for the flour milling plant in the municipalities of Malabang and Balabagan. Rice mills and corn shellers which are contributory to agriculture are also available in the province.

49

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 The province is still blessed with an industrious workforce. Everywhere across the country, Maranaos can be seen engaging in businesses of any sort. Like the overseas workers remitting dollars into the country, the Maranaos outside the province are also bringing in their income to the province through their families who are still settling in the province.

Small-scale industries from food processing and cottage industry are available in the province. This kind of industry is less permanent except for furniture and brass making, since people who engage in this kind of industry prefer to venture on other more promising activities in terms of gains and profits. The limited marketing opportunity of the processed foods and cottage product discouraged the development of the industry.

The famous industry in the province that attracts tourists and other visitors including government officials is the malong (loam weaving) at Dayawan, Marawi City and the brass industry in the Municipality of Tugaya.

In terms of commerce and trade, although there are no big department stores and

fast

food outlets, all kinds of commercial activities and trade can be found in the province particularly in the City of Marawi and the urban centers of Malabang and Wao.

Function Halls / Restaurants / Snack Inns that can accommodate wedding ceremonies, parties, dialaga (marriage proposals), seminars and other social gatherings are available in Marawi City.

Table 28: List of Function Halls/Restaurant

1. Marawi Resort Hotel 2. Sahara Function Hall 3. Kristal Function Hall 4. Samera Function Hall 5. Jonaina 6. Lucky Lyn Function Hall 7. Nabila Function Hall 8. Noramis Convention Center & Restaurant 9. Hascon Court

MSU Campus, Marawi City Saduc, Marawi City Panggao Saduc, Marawi City Pangarungan Village, Marawi City Quezon Avenue, Marawi City Gadongan, Marawi City Matampay, Marawi City Saduc, Marawi City Old Capitol, Marawi City 50

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 10. Jamela Function Hall 11. Van Vactor 12. River Side 13. Lake Breeze 14. Venus Broaster 15. Mr. Dougnut

Malutlut, Marawi City Moncado Colony, Marawi City Raya Saduc, Marawi City Bangon, Marawi City Quezon Avenue, Marawi City Quezon Avenue, Marawi City

Source: PPDO

In 2007, the Department of Trade and Industry Provincial Office has registered a total of 195 business establishments classified as trading, manufacturing and service. Trading businesses posted the highest number with a total of 106, followed by service establishments with 72 and manufacturing businesses with a total of 17. Most of these registered business establishments are located in 24 municipalities including Malabang, Wao and Marawi City.

In terms of assets, 192 of the registered business establishments are classified as micro while only 3, which are all located in Marawi City, are classified as small. Table 29: Business Establishments Registered (2005-2007) 2005 MUNICIPALITY

Trading

Mfg

2006 Service

Trading

Mfg

2007 Service

1. Bacolod-Kalawi 2. Balabagan

Mfg

Se rvice

1 1

1

2

1

3. Balindong

1

1

4. Buadipuso Buntong

1

5. Bubong

1

6. Butig

2

1

7. Bumbaran 8. Ditsa-an Ramain

Trading

1 2

1

1

9. Ganassi

2 1

10. Kapatagan

1

11. Lumba-Bayabao

1

12. Madalum

1

13. Maguing

1

14. Malabang

25

4

3

16

6

19

3

11

51

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 15. Marantao

1

1

16. Masiu

2

1

17. Piagapo

2

2

2 2

18. Picong

1

1

1

19. Poona Bayabao

1

20. Saguiaran 21. Tagoloan

1 1

1

1

1

2

22. Tamparan

1

23. Taraka

1

24. Wao

4

25. Marawi City

61 103

TOTAL

5

5

2

37

112

1

10

51

140

2

5

3

5

57

73

8

53

68

106

17

72

Source: DTI, Lanao del Sur, 2007

5.2.1 COOPERATIVES:

The Provincial Government has been encouraging the strengthening of cooperatives as a vital factor in the realization of a self-reliance economy. The Provincial Government through the resolutions of the Sangguniang Panglalawigan had accredited a total of 334 cooperatives as a gesture of support to cooperatives. The Provincial Government has also been providing both material and financial assistance to deserving cooperative. In line with this, the Office of the Provincial

Cooperative

Officer

collaborated

with

the

Provincial Agriculturist

and

the

Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP) for a possible micro-financing for cooperatives.

The services provided by the cooperatives range from management seminars to skills development trainings. There are cooperatives that are also implementing infrastructure projects thereby generating employment aside from the personnel who are managing the cooperatives.

52

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 5.3 TOURISM:

Tourism industry is potential for the improvement of the economy of the province not only because of the natural and man-made tourist spots but also because of the attitude and culture of the Maranaos. The Maranaos are famous of their hospitality, particularly those in the rural areas which discourage the building of hotels or lodging houses. The Maranaos used to accommodate their visitors and even strangers at their own home or house.

The province sets at an elevation making its climate temperate and with the heavily forested mountains surrounding it and landscape. The province as a whole can be said to be an ideal tourist destination. This is not surprising because the Americans themselves planned to make the promising and progressive City of Dansalan (now Marawi City) as the Metropolitan capital of the Philippines. The plan was manifested by the establishment of kilometer 0.000, a reference point of all roads in Mindanao.

Among the sights in the province that are not available in any parts of the country are the Mosques around the Lake Lanao and the crystal-blue Lake Lanao ideal for boat riding and swimming.

Several potential tourist spots in the province include the beautiful Lake Lanao and other lakes and bodies of water that can be found in the different municipalities of the province. The four (4) islets in the lake are also best for tourist destination. Man-made tourist spot is also available in the province.

Table 30: Potential Tourist Spots of the Province

NATURAL TOURIST SPOT Lake Lanao

LOCATION Located right at the center of the province surrounded by 21 municipalities

DESCRIPTION The second largest lake in the country, next to Laguna lake. A crystal-blue lake ideal for freshwater fishing and swimming. It drains into

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Lake Dapao

Located at the Municipality of Pualas and less than 50 km. from the coastal Municipality of Malabang.

Nusa and Selangan Islands

Located at the lake under the territorial domain of the Municipality of Balindong. Located also in the lake but under the territorial domain of the Municipality of Bacolod Grande.

Mala a Balt

Maito a Balt

Sacred Mountain

Located also in the lake but under the territorial domain of the Municipality of Binidayan Located at the northern side of the City of Marawi

Signal Hill

Located ant the northern side of Marawi City

Image of Sleeping Beauty

Located at the Municipalities of Maguing Lumba Bayabao, and Butig.

Hanging Lime Stone (Macaugis)

Located at the Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain

Kampilan

Sandab, Municipality of Butig

the Agus river. Surrounded by rolling hills at the western side and mountains at the eastern side, at the top of the mountains and rolling hills is usually foggy in the afternoon and early morning The islands are adjacent to one another. There are caves and good for boat riding. “Balt” is a Maranao term for islet. “Mala” connotes big while “maito” connotes small. Surronded by the Lake Lanao itself and closer to the Municipality of Binidayan. A virgin forest, protected wildlife and mineral springs can be found in the islet. Like the Mala a Balt, only that it is closer to the Municipality of Bacolod Grande It is considered as virgin forest. There are some mythologies associated with the mountain. From the top of the hill, one can have a view of the lake Lanao at the southern front while from the western and northern front are the municipalities of Piagapo and Pantar, Lanao del Note. A mountain that streches along the municipalities of Lumba Bayabao, and Butig, a perfect panorama of a beautiful lady lying beside the lush water and greenery. A Hanging white rock near at the top of the mountain. A large portion of the rock is hanging without support. An underground water

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Kinaginawa Lupa

Sandab, Municipality of Butig

Sumpitan Falls

Balindong

similar to those in Palawan. All the trees in these places seem all the time blown by strong wind. Sumpitan falls has divided itself into three cold basins. Thickly covered with trees and shrubs. Almost above 4,000 feet above sea level.

Location

Description

Tapokan (Green Meadows) Resort

Located at the Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain

Sorrounded by meadow spring and cool breeze. Green Meadow resort offers its guest amenities such as function halls, cottages for barkadas picnic, a convenience store, billiards and music room, and fine dine cafĂŠ.

Aga Khan Museum

MSU-Marawi Campus

Torogan

Dayawan, Marawi City

Marawi Resort Hotel

MSU-Marawi Campus

Padang Karbala

Bayang

The museum displays various artifacts of Mindanao culture and traditions. Every corner is enlightening as it provides a complete picture of the Sultanate scenario during precolonial era and the antique wares that came from it. The most notable attribute of the Torogan is the panolong, which is conspicuous in the corner of the royal house. The panolong is characterized with its fashion in the form of naga (serpent). The architectural design of its interior follows the okir (a Maranao pattern in the shape of the Sarimanok, a colorful bird with a fish upon its beak). The closed umbrella-like rooftop signifies the status of the family in the society. The resort has the misty atmosphere epitome and inclusive facilities that suit every traveler’s pleasure. A historical landmark of the battle of Bayang between the Maranao warriors and the

Man -Made Tourist Spots

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Kuta I Aragasi (Fort of Aragasi)

Located at Sandab, Municipality of Butig

Americans. A historical landmark. It is where the hero Dianaton Naim and his troops rushed towards foreign invaders. It seved as a venue in commemorating the warrior’s heroism.

Source: PPDO-Lanao del Sur

Aside from the hospitality of the Maranaos that usually offer their home for their visitors, there are available facilities where tourists can lodge in. The Marawi Resort Hotel has cottages, single or duplex, provided with hot and cold shower, a clubhouse, and a swimming pool. The MSU-Marawi Campus is also accommodating visitors at its hostel. There is also one hotel in the coastal Municipality of Malabang. Tourists who wish to enjoy night happenings can go down to Iligan City, a less than 30 minutes ride from Marawi City. There is no available night recreation and leisure in the City of Marawi.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER VI SOCIAL SERVICES 6.1 EDUCATION:

The education in the province is quite impressive compared to other tribes of the 13 ethno-linguistic groups of the Muslims. Unlike in the past, particularly during the American occupation, the Maranaos were apprehensive of sending their children to school. Today, the Maranaos considered education as the best method of emancipating their family from the bondage of ignorance that breed poverty and social isolation from the fast changing world of intellectual advancement. Education is now considered as luxurious business in the province manifested by the emergence of various private pre-school, elementary and secondary programs. Although these private schools are concentrated in the City of Marawi, people from the nearby municipalities are sending their children to private schools in the city disregarding the risk involved in the day- to-day travel engaged by their small children. As compared to other Muslim tribes in the country, there are more Maranaos occupying high positions in the government, either in national, regional or local level showing that there is a great number of educated Maranaos than the other Muslim tribes in the country. The presence of Mindanao State University-Marawi Campus boasts the growing Muslim participation in the post secondary education. The University also offers a better chance for the Maranaos to pursue collegiate courses since only a few can afford to enroll in the private schools.

6.1.1

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION:

The province of Lanao del Sur is divided into two school divisions, Division I and Division II. These divisions are subdivided further into different districts. The 17 municipalities of the 1st congressional district and one (1) municipality from the 2 nd congressional district are under the supervision of the Department of Education (DepEd), Lanao del Sur Division I. Some 57

Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 of the municipalities are subdivided into one or more districts with a total of 35 districts as of SY 2007-2008.

Table 31: Municipalities and Number of Districts in Lanao del Sur Division I, SY 2007-2008

MUNICIPALITY

NUMBER OF DISTRICTS 2 1 2 1 3 1 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 3 2 2 3

1. Balindong 2. Buadipuso Buntong 3. Bubong 4. Bumbaran 5. Ditsaan Ramain 6. Kapai/Tagoloan 7. Lumba Bayabao 8. Maguing 9. Marantao 10. Masiu 11. Molundo 12. Piagapo 13. Poona Bayabao 14. Saguiaran 15. Tamparan 16. Taraka 17. Wao TOTAL

35

Source: Department of Education, Lanao del Sur, 2007

On the other hand, Lanao del Sur Division II covered the whole of the 21 municipalities under the 2nd congressional district of the province. Like the Lanao del Sur Division I, some of the municipalities are subdivided into one or more districts with a total of 33 districts as of 20072008.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 32: Municipalities and Number of Districts in Lanao del Sur Division II, SY 2007-2008

MUNICIPALITY 1. Bacolod Grande/Kalawi 2. Balabagan 3. Bayang 4. Binidayan 5. Butig 6. Calanogas 7. Ganassi 8. Kapatagan 9. Lumbaca Unayan 10. Lumbatan 11. Lumbayanague 12. Madalum 13. Madamba 14. Malabang 15. Marogong 16. Pagayawan 17. Pualas 18. Sultan Dumalondong 19. Sultan Gumander 20. Tubaran 21. Tugaya TOTAL

NUMBER OF DISTRICTS 2 2 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 33

Source: Department of Education, Lanao del Sur, 2007

It may be noted that the number of districts for both the 1st and 2nd congressional districts are too many as compared to other provinces. The subdivision of the municipalities into several districts aimed at delivering effective and efficient supervision on the part of the school division management. The distribution of elementary schools into several divisions offers a better access to education among the children in the rural areas. It could be noted that a large portion of the province are basically rural in terms of population, infrastructure facilities, and delivery of basic social services.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 6.1.2 ENROLLMENT IN PUBLIC ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS:

As mentioned earlier, the people of the province showed an impressive interest to education as instrument in overcoming the social malady of ignorance and lately transformed educational institution as a productive business ventures. Accordingly, the report of Division I showed that there is an increase in enrollment every year. Division II has lower enrollment compared to Division I.

The comparative gap of enrollment between the two divisions is explained by the fact that there are more rural municipalities under the supervision of division II. The proximity of these municipalities to urban centers where more productive economic activities took place give another explanation to the lesser number of enrollment in the DepEd Division II of the province.

6.1.3 Performance Indicators In Public Elementary Schools The performance indicators report of Division I showed that there was an increasing participation rate for the past four years. In the SY 1997-1998 the participation rate was registered at 58.88 and increased to 63.08 in SY 2000-2001 and further increased to 65.44 in SY 2004-2005. There was also an increasing promotion rate from 94.69 to 114.68 within the same SY years. In the same manner, cohort survival rate also increased from 28.36 to 30.55 to 37.44 in the SY 1997-1998, SY 2000-2001 and SY 2004-2005, respectively.

Unlike in the Division I, the trend of the participation rate in Division II was fluctuating because from 97.34 in the SY 1997-1998, it decreased to 68.20 in SY 2000-2001 and then increased to 95.82 in SY 2004-2005. Similarly, Drop out rate also fluctuated because from 2.11, it decreased to 1.94 and then increased to 8.44 in the same school years. Promotion rate had shown a decreasing trend, from 95.62 to 95.33 within a four-year period. Cohort survival rate, on the otherhand, fluctuated from 24.29 to 23.99 to 25.22 in the same years.

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 33: Number of Schools and Number of Teachers by District - Elementary Level:

DISTRICT LANAO DEL SUR - I Balindong I Balindong II Buadi Puso Buntong Bubong I Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II Lumba Bayabao III Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu District Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan District Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao LANAO DEL SUR - II Bacolod Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper

Primary 12 15 6 7 9 5 1 3 13 7 4 6 4 14 5 1 12 3 6 5 5

No. of Schools Elementary TOTAL 8 20 4 19 5 11 3 10 2 11 5 10 4 4 3 4 2 5 5 18 3 10 4 8 3 9 8 12 6 20 7 12 8 9 6 18 7 10 4 10 2 7 4 9

No. Teachers M F TOTAL 109 132 77 74 60 38 83 61 56 68 79 63 54 92 151 142 119 161 103 50 93

5 3 2 4 9 4 3 4 1 4 6 2

4 6 2 4 4 4 3 3 6 6 5 4

9 9 4 8 13 8 6 7 7 10 11 6

193

5 1 5 5 10

4 5 3 3 5

9 6 8 8 15

78 55 50 112 87

61 69 56 84 95 58 61 121 51 -

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West

11 10 2 5 3 6 6 5 5 5 8 12 8 2 1 7 8 4 7 5 1 2 3 10 12 4 3

6 10 4 3 3 3 2 4 4 3 4 10 2 5 3 2 3 5 2 6 4 2 2 3 3 7 4

17 20 6 8 6 9 8 9 9 8 12 22 10 7 4 9 11 9 9 11 5 4 5 13 15 11 7

105 117 40 67 54 80 47 108 31 42 83 37 111 37 47 37 48 93 135 48 36 56 46 24 73 68 137 69

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 34: Summary of Existing Classrooms and its Conditions

DISTRICT LANAO DEL SUR – I Balindong I Balindong II Buadi Puso Buntong Bubong I Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II Lumba Bayabao III Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu District Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan District Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao LANAO DEL SUR - II Bacolod

No. of Rooms Existing

No. of Rooms in Good Condition

No. of Rooms Needing Minor Repair

No. of Rooms Needing Major Repair

No. of Rooms Beyond Repair

(Shortage)

120 129 101 70 72 33 61 73 65 67 91 73 52 129 134 135 65 168 139 30

27 39 10 6 22 8 36 8 12 23 15 16 26 45 40 30 32 -

31 50 48 30 24 16 48 18 20 6 34 11 22 56 50 30 17 77 45 22

41 40 31 22 16 11 4 10 31 21 36 33 12 50 51 39 6 50 49 22

21 12 12 10 6 1 9 6 40 9 6 3 7 7 21 2 11 13 3

26 20 42 23

162

31

82

39

10

-

55

-

23

24

8

114

33 17 54 95 83 52 72 199 83

7 23 23 21 34 28 33 73 49

9 32 8 28 15 9 20 49 17

14 61 14 44 26 15 15 62 17

3 1 9 2 8 4 15 5

21 34 10 3 -

11

21

13

23

57

No. of Rooms Needed

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West

8 5 5 23 8 24 14 3 12 16

19 16 13 25 16 38 17 27 31 15

14 27 15 24 13 23 13 5 14 25

22 19 29 38 32 47 10 20 19 19

67 50 66 55 100 118 37 41 63 59

18 5 8

37 14 14

28 13 7

18 7 13

111 47 31

8 26 7 13 8 8 21 8 3 13 3

29 38 14 22 13 17 16 18 21 18 21 12 3 15 15 33 13

18 18 8 26 12 5 20 67 18 19 19 13 4 17 25 25 17

6 44 1 9 6 12 32 17 10 29 22 6 8 12 14 25 13

50 92 31 74 41 46 102 103 35 51 43 28 22 49 50 139 75

4 13 7 25 5

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

Table 35: Division Enrolment Profile, Participation, Completion, Dropout, Cohort Survival rates Elementary Level (By District)

DISTRICT

ENROLMENT

PARTICIPATION (%)

COMPLETION (%)

DROPOUT (%)

COHORT S urvival (%)

4,260 5,280

75.44 76.15

22.53 19.64

7.63 7.94

22.53 19.64

LANAO DEL SUR - I

Balindong I Balindong II

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Buadi Puso Buntong Bubong I Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II Lumba Bayabao III Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu District Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan District Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao

3,128 2,572 3,032 2,677 2,360 2,692 2,909 3,608 3,002 2,156 2,515 3,203 5,488 4,952 4,358 5,715 4,139 2,193 2,075 2,610

47.81 65.61 81.90 73.87 77.33 69.61 83.47 56.09 68.98 50.55 70.51 34.75 83.82 77.07 64.63 86.76 70.21 38.69 55.90 60.54

31.82 36.88 26.81 76.99 37.40 30.67 40.19 21.53 30.17 52.92 51.79 24.60 18.21 18.80 53.36 14.79 41.37 29.23 21.76 48.36

10.04 11.90 9.47 10.01 11.82 11.22 9.93 10.59 9.73 11.97 9.90 10.18 7.80 8.54 8.88 8.43 9.13 12.81 14.36 9.47

31.83 36.88 26.81 47.85 37.40 30.67 40.19 21.53 32.64 54.87 53.94 25.61 18.63 19.04 56.24 15.11 41.37 29.23 21.76 49.39

4,880 2,951 2,220 3,088 2,193 3,286 5,195 2,072 2,105 2,344 2,676 3,169

85.20 74.71 44.73 79.75 58.50 61.65 91.48 47.31 36.24 51.94 59.40 64.50

44.40 29.51 49.54 26.59 32.34 67.53 37.20 35.60 50.21 53.16 49.31 63.58

7.79 11.11 11.66 9.26 12.40 9.07 8.14 9.75 11.31 11.65 10.24 10.35

44.79 29.78 49.54 26.59 32.34 67.53 67.53 35.60 50.21 53.16 49.31 63.58

2,415 2,235 1,905 3,150 2,766 4,169 4,391 1,610 2,434 1,337

96 95 97 96 95 97 97 96 97 97

26 26 25 25 25 26 25 25 26 25

8.09 8.10 8.32 8.50 8.47 8.50 8.43 8.40 8.35 8.25

25.20 24.75 25.75 24.30 25.75 23.75 26.75 25.75 24.75 20.75

LANAO DEL SUR – II

Bacolod Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West

2,418 15,725 3,767 1,918 1,183 2,389 2,845 1,036 2,228 1,373 1,638 3,858 3,230 1,360 1,549 1,583 1,295 867 2,238 1,766 1,766 4,456

97 96 96 98 97 97 97 97 97 97 96 96 98 98 97 96 67 97 97 97 96 96 98

25 25 26 26 25 25 25 25 26 25 25 25 26 26 25 25 26 25 26 26 25 25 26

8.18 8.50 8.47 8.57 8.50 8.25 8.50 8.40 8.50 8.30 8.45 8.50 8.57 8.56 8.50 8.57 8.50 8.56 8.57 8.57 8.55 8.55 8.50

23.75 25.75 24.75 25.75 23.75 24.75 26.75 24.75 24.75 25.75 24.75 25.75 26.50 25.50 24.75 25.75 26.75 24.75 25.75 25.75 25.75 25.75 26.75

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

Table 36: Enrolment VS. Number of Usable Textbook– Elementary Level (By District and by Subject, 2005-2006)

DISTRICT LANAO DEL SUR - I Balindong I Balindong II Buadi Puso Buntong Bubong I Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II Lumba Bayabao III

No. of Enrolment

ENGLISH

SCIENCE

TOTAL BOOKS MATH

FILIPINO

4,139 5,001 2,950 2,440 3,295 2,397 2,131 2,535 2,264 3,513 2,877 2,078 2,338

2,043 1,774 918 992 2,126 712 297 649 214 405 120 302

689 725 772 551 1,015 429 267 906 96 94 120 124

1,513 1,741 886 1,298 1,916 371 665 185 441 116 298

1,487 1,211 798 1,337 1,808 736 311 757 192 558 116 313

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu District Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan District Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao TOTAL PUPIL/BOOK RATIO LANAO DEL SUR - II Bacolod Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North

3,182 5,487 4,990 4,091 5,946 3,953 2,223

1,256 838 950 652 337 1,740 803

1,072 641 788 462 132 397 -

1,117 765 964 688 326 1,453 -

1,133 816 909 613 321 1,422 -

5,547

1,399

962

1,557

1,001

7,336

-

-

-

-

2,164 3,030 2,050 3,617 5,011 2,207 2,169 5,211 2,409

828 965 965 1,989 986 1,114 166 4,171 1,909

393 679 457 1,821 569 865 149 1,592 472

868 1,024 723 2,067 960 997 201 3,071 1,303

771 895 183 1,845 787 1,249 171 3,065 1,193

108,750 1.29

31,620 1.16

17,239 1.25

27,514

25,998 1.24

2,214 2,235 1,905 3,150 2,766 4,169 4,391 1,610 2,434 1,337 2,418 1,575 3,767 1,918 1,183 2,389

972 630 1,160 1,045 1,080 1,850 2,145 730 690 1,707 1,080 1,707 1,915 735 500 890

561 550 591 610 690 870 890 650 650 800 780 900 760 530 491 790

1,361 1,201 1,450 1,220 1,310 1,360 840 620 830 870 720 910 890 670 380 640

1,200 1,090 1,003 900 830 1,004 940 560 968 820 570 390 1,020 490 456 870

2,845 1,036

3,117 710

1,500 610

730 510

780 620

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West TOTAL PUPIL/BOOK RATIO

2,228 1,373 1,668 3,858 3,361 1,360 1,549 1,583 1,295 867 2,238 1,766 4,456 2,600

320 690 460 1,600 1,430 400 700 830 510 794 1,593 1,820 4,892 990

420 580 510 891 910 350 590 680 490 440 640 850 250 260

370 701 358 1,521 1,629 620 580 610 470 346 530 710 260 230

530 609 270 1,300 1,200 900 700 630 700 280 410 510 600 500

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

Table 37: Teacher/Pupil, Classroom/Pupil, Seating/Pupil and Book/Pupil Ratios – Elementary Level (By District, 2004 -2005)

DISTRICT LANAO DEL SUR - I Balindong I Balindong II Buadi Puso Buntong Bubong I Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II Lumba Bayabao III Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu III

Teacher/Pupil Ratio

Classroom/Pupil Ratio

Seating/Pupil Ratio

Book/Pupil Ratio

1:40.57 1:40.31 1:47.39 1:44.34 1:49.70 1:53.54 1:45.38 1:44.13 1:70.95 1:61.15 1:39.50 1:37.17 1:51.33 1:38.59 1:40.35 1:38.09 1:40.73 1:37.85 1:40.98

1.64 1.25 1.81 1.48 .85 3.87 2.45 1.13 4.05 1.52 1.24 1.18 3.57 1.60 2.10 1.85 1.64 3.52 1.97

1:4 1:4 1:4 1:5 1:4 1:4 1:5 1:4 1:3 1:5 1:4 1:5 1:4 1:5 1:5 1:4 1:4 1:5 1:4

1:38.73 1:40.93 1:41.16 1:35.23 1:54.14 1:62.16 1:31.05 1:44.13 1:54.89 1:57.27 1:38.99 1:33.69 1:48.37 1:34.07 1:36.59 1:36.41 1:36.32 1:35.28 1:39.42 68

Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan II Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao LANAO DEL SUR - II Bacolod Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South

1:43 1:62.12 1:71.63

1:39.16 1:52.92 1:55.98

1.39 1.64 1.71

1:4 1:5 1:5

1:46.27 1:48.06 1:35.24 1:45.41 1:42.17 1:43.81 1:53.01 1:39.09 1:33.95 1:38.43 1:58.17 1:58.69

1:54.18 1:45.15 1:48.26 1:43.49 1:47.67 1:53.00 1:56.47 1:39.09 1:32.89 1:32.56 1:34.75 1:44.01

3.48 1.15 1.71 1.44 2.12 1.79 3.44 1.05 .78 1.42 2.60 1.16

1:4 1:5 1:5 1:4 1:5 1:5 1:5 1:4 1:4 1:4 1:4 1:5

1:60 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:50 1:60 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:60 1:80 1:80 1:70 1:70 1:70

1:10 1:80 1:80 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:60 1:60 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:80 1:80 1:70 1:60 1:70

1:7 1:8 1:8 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:7 1.7 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:6 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:8 1:8 1:7 1:7 1:7

1:8 1:8 1:8 1:7 1:7 1:8 1:7 1:6 1:8 1:8 1:8 1:6 1.7 1:8 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:8 1:9 1:8 1:7 1:7

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Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West

1:60 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:80 1:80

1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:80 1:70

1:7 1:6 1:7 1:8 1:8 1:8

1:7 1:6 1:6 1:8 1:8 1:8

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

6.1.4 Secondary Education

There are public and private secondary schools in the province that cater the needs of the population.

Public Secondary Education

Most of the public secondary schools in the province are national high schools. There are also private secondary schools but are concentrated in the City of Marawi. The records of the DepEd Lanao del Sur Division I show that there are 36 national high schools as of SY 20052006. In SY 1997-1998, division I has only 16 national high schools and increased to 20 by the SY 2000-2001. Division II has a total of 52 national high schools as of SY 2004-2005.

Moreover, due to easier accessibility of the City of Marawi from the municipalities under the 1st congressional district of the province, more parents prefer to send their children for secondary schooling in the city. The municipalities in the 2nd congressional district are not as fortunate as those in the 1st congressional district because most of the municipalities are situated at the hinterland part of the province where transportation is scarce due to poor infrastructure facilities.

Enrolment in Public Secondary Schools Public secondary schools in Division I show a continuous increasing trend of total enrolment. In the SY 2005-2006, the total enrolment was 26,418. This figure shows a slight increase of enrolment as compared with 25,620 in SY 2004-2005 and 22,377 in SY 2003-2004. 70

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 It may be important to note that there is a great difference between the population age 1316 and the number of enrolment. The difference is attributed to the choices of the parents or the children in giving preference to secondary schools in the City of Marawi, which is more accessible than in the 2nd district or division of the province.

Enrolment in public secondary schools under the supervision of Division II of the province shows a fluctuating trend. In SY 1997-1998 only 10,420 are enroled out of the 25, 103 population ages. This figure slightly increased in the succeeding school year but again decreased the following year. In SY 2004-2005, the enrolment has increased to 29,290. The fluctuating trend of enrolment goes along the increase and decrease number in population of school age 1316. However, based on the total enrolment in public schools both the 1st and 2nd Division of Lanao del Sur, there is a noticeable increase in number of enrolees in high school level from SY 2003-2004, SY 2004-2005 and SY 2005-2006. The same trend happened in the private schools of both divisions. Private Madaris Schools also had a greater number of students with the establishment of more Madaris schools in the province.

Table 38: Number of Enrolment and Teachers – Secondary Level

NAME OF SCHOOL 1. Sittie Amanie Moh’d Kiram NHS 2. Adiong Memorial NHS 3. Maranao NHS 4. Datu Palawan Disomimba NHS 5. Sultan Macalawi Memorial NHS 6. Maranao NHS (Annex) 7. Sarip Memorial NHS 8. Buadipuso Buntong NHS 9. Sultan Labay Moriatao NHS 10. Aguam Memorial NHS 11. Piagapo NHS 12. Acoon Memorial NHS 13. Kili-Kili NHS

SY 20032004

SY 20042005

SY 20052006

No. of National Teachers

Pupils per National Teacher

1,708 1,691 1,377 1,074 1,025 1,018 995 957 957 848 822 796 781

1,656 1,574 934 1,239 1,025 813 871 989 980 643 834 888 669

513 1,561 904 1,239 1,025 863 1,073 989 1,146 643 804 888 668

5 34 21 25 15 19 26 20 24 20 20 18 20

102.6 45.9 43.0 49.6 68.3 45.4 41.3 49.5 47.8 32.2 40.2 49.3 33.4

71

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 14. Datu-Calaca Memorial NCHS 15. Datu Mitumug Memorial NHS 16. Pagalongan NHS 17. Saguiaran NHS 18. Sampal NHS 19. Benito Memorial NHS 20. Mulondo NHS 21. Bumbaran Memorial NHS 22. Mangurun Memorial NHS 23. Balindong NHS 24. Sultan Alimoddin Memorial NHS 25. Pooni-Lomabao Memorial NHS 26. Benito Memorial NHS (Annex) 27. Sarip Memorial NHS (Annex) 28. Pagalongan NHS (Annex A) 29. Pagalongan NHS (Annex B) 30. Masiricampo Abantas MNHS 31. Ansano Memorial NHS 32. Ragayan NHS 33. M & E Maito Basak NHS 34. Bubonga Marantao NHS 35. Ambor Memorial NHS 36. Sultan Camar Macasalong NHS TOTAL

779 771 748 715 705 677 657 652 645 630 533 508 308

22,377

835 623 536 679 784 610 714 777 719 1,335 692 530 365 279 106 104 511 322 608 194 1,182 25,620

835 623 666 682 756 603 714 777 719 1,035 722 530 247 532 104 106 516 322 608 252 731 820 1,202 26,418

21 11 17 14 11 16 16 10 12 11 2 7 4 6 1 1 1 2 430

39.8 56.6 39.2 48.7 68.7 37.7 44.6 77.7 59.9 94.1 361.0 75.7 61.8 88.7 516.0 322.0 608.0 601.0 61.4

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

Table 39: Overall Enrolment in Public and Private Schools & Numbers of Students, Lanao del Sur 2004. TYPE OF SCHOOLS

PUBLIC SCHOOLS Primary/Elementary Secondary State College/University Madaris TOTAL

NO.OF SCHOOLS 2004

NUMB ER OF STUDENTS SY 1998-99

SY 2002-2003

SY 2003-2004

746 42 4 283 1,075

179,626 21,213 NDA NDA 200,839

200,732 38,803 NDA NDA 239,541

200,977 39,120 NDA NDA 240,097

6 5 224

159 1,337 27,051

933 22,365 44,593

882 1,752 NDA

235

28,547

67,891

2,632

PRIVATE SCHOOLS

Primary/Elementary Secondary College/Univ. Madaris TOTAL

Source: CHED-ARMM & R-12 DECS, Bureau of Madaris Education ARMM 72

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Performance Indicators Public Secondary School

The highest participation rate in public secondary schools in Division I of the province was recorded in SY 1999-2000 with a total of 17,436.431 but dropped to 436.36 in the following school year. In terms of drop out rate, there was a fluctuating trend with the lowest drop out rate recorded in SY 1998-1999 with only 23.46 while the highest drop out rate which is 92.69 occured in SY 1997-1998. With respect to promotion rate, the trend was continuously increasing. Cohort survival rate was also increasing within the same four-year period.

In Division II, the participation rate in public secondary schools fluctuated. The highest participation rate was recorded at 895.72 in SY 1998-1999 while the lowest participation rate of 741.26 happened in SY 1997-1998. In SY 2004-2005, the participation rate was 64.32. Drop out rate continuously increased and dropped only in SY 1999-2001 with 111.5 from 108.36 and 148.81 for SY 1998-1999 and SY 1999-2001, respectively. The promotion rate and cohort survival rate also fluctuated. Both decreased in SY 1998-1999, increased in the following year and increased again in the succeeding school year.

Table 40: Enrolment Profile, Participation, Completion, Dropout, Cohort Survival Rates - Secondary Level (2004-2005)

SCHOOL 1. Malabang NHS 2. Pualas NHS 3. Butig NHS 4. Tugaya NHS 5. Tataya NHS 6. Bacolod-Kalawi NHS 7. Madalum NHS 8. Lakitan NHS 9. Madamba NHS 10. Ganassi NHS 11. Danugan NHS 12. Calanugas NHS 13. Sultan Gumander NHS 14. Pagayawan NHS

ENRO LMENT

PARTICIPATIO N (%)

CO MPLETION (%)

DRO PO UT (%)

CO HO RT Survival (%)

2,945 640 1,033 649 565 898 607 739 602 915 326 454 736 798

96 70 95 73 60 90 69 81 70 92 32 56 86 87

75 52 69 53

1.40 1.22 1.37 1.29 1.19 1.30 1.30 1.31 1.28 1.39 1.07 1.13 1.34 1.36

85.59 50.59 60.96 50.56 45.95 60.80 56.67 50.76 50.96 70.88 39.09 39.67 70.56 70.55

65 40 52 41 70 20 37 50 54

73

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 15. Marogong NHS 16. Tubaran NHS 17. Bayang NHS 18. Andong NHS 19. Bakikis NHS 20. Mauyag C. Papandayan NHS 21. Nanagun MHS 22. Sittie Ayeesha NHS 23. Datu Maccaguir Sarip Mem. NHS 24. Mananayo NHS 25. Bacolod Grande NHS 26. Sultan Mangalampa Daing NHS 27. Dimarao Mem. NHS 28. Moritao L’mbong NHS 29. Bonsalagan Mem. NHS 30. Kapatan NHS 31. Ontonga-Mikunug Memorial NHS 32. West Unayan NHS 33. Buribid NHS 34. Datu Dimaronsing Memorial NHS 35. Bacayawan NHS 36. Mamasarogan Memorial NHS 37. Ampaso Mem. NHS 38. Aguam Bebito NHS 39. Tanggor NHS 40. Balabagan NHS 41. Dilausan NHS 42. Pamaloy NHS 43. Sultan Disimban NHS 44. Sultan Langco MNHS 45. Upper Bayang NHS 46. Balindong Pacalna NHS 47. Tubaran Proper NHS

736 614 697 824 441

80 70 77 89 57

51 50 53 60 29

1.31 1.27 1.37 1.35 1.15

70.65 50.39 50.29 60.76 41.36

508 446 626

72 59 73

39 35 49

1.18 .13 1.23

40.67 42.31 50.30

654 580 699

74 63 78

31 31 41

1.25 1.25 1.27

51.32 51.30 60.09

562 470 477 519 599

61 58 60 59 68

36 28 27 27 38

1.20 1.15 1.11 1.20 1.17

40.89 49.60 47.56 49.69 40.81

465 490 463

63 65 64

27 25 24

1.10 1.12 1.13

30.21 31.77 36.86

674 419

75 59

46 23

1.21 1.09

50.69 35.96

566 677 298 356 450 375 486 300 353 418

74 76 26 30 44 40 36 37 29 40

37 45 25 20 23 21 22 18 19 22

1.16 1.20 1.08 1.08 1.20 1.05 1.15 1.02 1.06 1.18

40.89 50.71 36.37 27.38 30.09 20.29 31.75 17.30 20.30 28.05

494 647

42 68

25 42

1.36 1.50

29.96 37.60

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

74

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 6.1.5 Tertiary Education

The province of Lanao del Sur is blessed with several public and private institutions of higher learning. The Commission on Higher Education – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (CHED-ARMM) has provided the following list of accredited higher education institutions of the province under its supervision:

I.

Province of Lanao del Sur

A. Private Higher Education Institutions: 1. Adiong Memorial College Foundation, Inc. Carumba St., Wao, Lanao del Sur 2. Central Basak Islamic Regional College Rumayas, Lumba Bayabao, Lanao del Sur 3. Lanao del Sur Good Shepherd College Wao, Lanao del Sur 4. Lanao Educational Institute Camp Jose Abad Santos, Malabang, Lanao del Sur 5. Montashir Islamic College Dayawan Masiu, Lanao del Sur 6. Lanao College of Criminology B. State Universities and College: 1. Adiong Memorial State College Ditsa-an Ramain, Lanao del Sur C. Public Higher Education Institutions: 1. Balabagan Trade School Narra, Balabagan, Lanao del Sur 2. Lanao Agricultural College Poblacion, Lumbatan, Lanao del Sur 3. Unda Memorial National Agricultural School Dayawan Unda, Masiu, Lanao del Sur 75

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 II. Marawi City A. Private Higher Education Institutions (PHEIS): 1. Blo Umpar Adiong (BUAD) Agricultural School 2. Bubong Marzok Memorial Foundation College Officer’s Line, Bubong A. Marawi City 3. Cali Paramedical College Foundation, Inc. Gaus Bldg., Quezon Avenue, Bangolo, Marawi City 4. Dansalan Polytechnic College 5 F Al-Sheik Bldg., Quezon Avenue, Marawi City 5. Datu Mala Muslim Mindanao Islamic College Quezon Avenue, Marawi City 6. Jamiatu Marawi Al-Islamia Foundation Upper Marinaut, Marawi City 7. Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao Darusaalam, Matampay, Marawi City 8. Jamiatul Philippine Al-Islamia Amai Manabilang St., Raya Madaya, Marawi City 9. Lake Lanao College Marawi City 10. Lanao Islamic Paramedical College Foundation Pumping, Marawi City 11. Mapandi Memorial College 048 Lilod, Saduc, Marawi City 12. Marawi Capitol College Foundation Quezon Avenue, Marawi City 13. Marawi Islamic College Panggao, Saduc, Marawi City 14. Masiricampo-Abantas Memorial College Foundation, Inc. Buadi sa Cayo, Basak, Marawi City

76

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 15. Mindanao Institute of Healthcare Professionals PMTC Bldg., Bangon, Marawi City 16. Mindanao Islamic Computer College Quezon Avenue, Marawi City 17. Pacasum College Perez St., Marawi City 18. Philippine Muslim Teachers College Bo. Green, Bangon, Marawi City 19. Safrullah M. Dipatuan Foundation Academy Menor Ext., Pangarungan Village, Marawi City 20. Senator Ninoy Aquino College Foundation Moncado Colony St., Marawi City 21. Wisdom International School for Higher Education Studies (WISHES) Marawi City (First Accredited Online International Institution by CHED-ARMM) B. State Universities and Colleges: 1. Mindanao State University – Lanao College of Arts and Trade Saduc, Marawi City 2. Mindanao State University – Main Campus Marawi City The

Technical

Education

and

Skills

Development

Authority

Unified

TVET

PROGRAM Registration and Accreditation System (TESDA-UTPRAS) has also provided a list of recognized institutions that provide technical courses to the constituents of the province. The following institutions are under the jurisdiction of the TESDA Lanao del Sur office:

Table 41: List of Recognized Institutions under TESDA-UTPRAS

NAME OF INSTITUTIONS 1. Adiong Memorial College Foundation, Inc. 2. BUAD High School

LOCATION Wao Marawi City and Marantao boundary

COURSES REGISTERED 2-year Associate Computer Technology Horticulture NC II

in

77

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 3. Cali Paramedical College Foundation, Inc.

Moncado Colony, Marawi City

4. Culas II Islamic Institute of Technology

Malabang

5. Dansalan Polytechnic College, Inc.

Quezon Avenue, Marawi City

6. HOPE Healthcare Institute

Osmena Street, Marawi City

7. Jamiatu Marawi Al-Islamia, Inc.

Moncado Colony, Marawi City

8. Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao

10. Lanao Islamic Paramedical College Foundation, Inc.

Matampay, Marawi City Amai Manabilang Street, Marawi City Pumping Street, Marawi City

11. Marawi Capitol College Foundation, Inc.

Quezon Avenue, Marawi City

9. Jamiatul Philippine Al-Islamia

Emergency Medical Services, NC II Health Care Services, NC II Caregiving NC II Massage Therapy, NC II Associate in Computer Science 2-year Electrical Technology 2-year Computer Technology 2-year Associate in Computer Science 2-year Mechanical Technology, Major in Automotive 2-year Applied Computer Science 1-year Diploma in Computer Programming 54-hour Power Pack (Windows, MS Word, MS Excel) PC Operations NC II Hardware Servicing NC II 3-year Diploma in Information & Communication Technology 2-year Nursing Aide 100-hour Call Center Agent 6-month Caregiver Course Hardware Servicing, NC II Caregiver Course PC Operations, NC II Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II Healthcare Services, NC II 6-month Caregiver Course, NC II 2-year Associate in Computer Science Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II

78

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 12. Marawi Islamic College 13. Mindanao Islamic Computer College 14. Senator Ninoy Aquino College Foundation, Inc. 15. SMD Foundation Academy

16. Sultan Labay Moriatao-Bae National High School

Bo. Green, Marawi City Quezon Avenue, Marawi City Moncado Colony, Marawi City Pangarungan Village, Marawi City Moriatao Bae, Masiu, Lanao del Sur

Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II 2-year Associate in Computer Science Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II Caregiving NC II

PC Operations, NC II Masonry, NC II

Source: TESDA Lanao del Sur, 2008

Table 41-A: TVET Status Report as of May 2008 NAME OF REGISTERED TECH-VOC INSTITUTIONS (TVIs)

1. Adiong Memorial College Foundation 2. Cali Paramedical College Foundation 3. Culas II Islamic Institute of Technology 4. Dansalan Polytechnic College 5. Hope Healthcare Institute 6. Jamiatu Marawi Al-Islamia 7. Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao 8. Lanao Islamic Paramedical College Foundation 9. Lanao National College of Arts and Trades 10. Mapandi Memorial College 11. Marawi Capitol College Foundation 12. Marawi Islamic College 13. Mindanao Islamic Computer College 14. SMD Foundation Academy 15. TESDA Provincial Office Various Skills Training Programs conducted: A. Administered B. Monitored C. Total

NO. OF ENROLLEES 2005 2006 2007

NO. OF GRADUATES 2005 2006 2007

33

36

79

24

36

70

335

216

204

335

215

204

66 149 67 67

78 134 78 52

108 108 63 41 183

54 198 67 67

73 134 78 52

108 108 63 41 179

-

148

246

-

148

218

-

151 210

153 141

-

210

153 141

55

34 54

138 73

55

34 54

138 73

47

35

45

42

35

45

-

863 1,404 2,267

3,136 908 4,044

-

863 1,404 2,267

3,136 908 4,044

Source: TESDA Lanao del Sur, 2008 79

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 6.1.6 Non-Formal Education The two divisions of the DepEd are implementing non-formal education of various orientations. However, due to some technical problems in consolidating the report on non-formal education data, the number of completers is not available. There are NGOs who are also implementing non-formal education on literacy program and livelihood programs. An actual inventory or survey on the NGOs implementing non-formal education has not been conducted. The data on non-formal education implemented by NGOs are also not available.

There are concerned government agencies implementing livelihood-training programs that are also classified as non-formal education. The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) is one of the government agencies conducting short courses or trainings aimed at introducing the participants to income generating activities. The data are not also available.

Specifically, making reference to the defunct Ministry of Education classifying the Madrasa (pl. Madaris) as non-formal education will give the impression that non-formal educational schools are numerous, though majority can only offer Arabic primary and elementary grades. Only those Ma'ahad (institutes) are offering secondary grades and most of these Ma’ahad (pl. Ma’ahid) are concentrated in the City. Since Arabic is a recognized language and writing in the country, it can be assumed that literacy in the province is quite high. Those who can not read and write English or Pilipino can at least read and write Arabic. Nevertheless, the three (3) popular Ma’ahad; the Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao, Ma’ahad Kamilol Islam, and Ma’ahad Marawi Al-Islamie have different branches which are spread out across the different municipalities of the province. Independent Madaris owned and operated by either Islamic organization, concerned families, and individuals also exist in different parts of the province.

80

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 In 2001, among the three Ma’ahad, the Ma’ahad Kamilol Al-Islamie has the highest number of enrolees with a total of 5,878 while the Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao has the smallest number of enrolees with only 5,194.

Table 42: Enrolment in the Ma’ahad with Branches in the Two Districts of the Province of Lanao del Sur, Year 2000

NAME OF MA’AHAD

NUMBER OF ENROLMENT

Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao 1st District 2nd District Ma’ahad Kamilol Al-Islamie 1st District 2nd District

2,414 2,780 4,586 1,292

Ma’ahad Marawi Al-Islamie TOTAL

5,333 11,211

Source: Research and Development Center MSU-General Santos City

It may be noted that the available record on the enrolment in the Madaris does not represent the actual figure, hence, the recording in the Madaris needs some improvement. Ocular observation shows that Madaris exist almost everywhere in the province.

6.2 HEALTH AND NUTRITION:

6.2.1 Health Facilities: Lanao del Sur has a total of thirteen (13) hospitals, six (6) of which are government owned. These hospitals are classified as primary and secondary. There are twelve (12) primary hospitals with 25 beds capacity and one (1) secondary hospital with a capacity of 100 beds.

The Amai Pakpak General Hospital was previously under the IPHO but was converted to a Medical Center by virtue of the Congressional Bill of the late Congressman Mamintal Adiong 81

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Sr. It is noted that the five (5) government hospitals have their own catchment areas namely; Wao District Hospital with 25 beds capacity that caters the municipalities of Wao and Bumbaran. The Tamparan District Hospital with 25 beds capacity covers the Municipality of Tamparan and the nearby towns of Lumba Bayabao, Poona Bayabao, Masiu, Maguing, Mulondo,

Taraka,

Lumbayanague,

Butig,

Lumbatan, Sultan Domalondong and Lumbaca

Unayan. In the Municipality of Malabang lies the Dr. Serapio B. Montaner District Hospital with 25 beds capacity covering the coastal towns of Picong, Balabagan, Kapatagan and part of Calanogas. The Balindong Municipal Hospital (10 beds capacity) caters the health needs of the municipalities of Balindong, Tugaya, Bacolod-Kalawi, Madalum, Madamba and Ganassi. In the Municipality of Binidayan also lies the Unayan Municipal Hospital with 10 beds capacity. This hospital covers the towns of Bayang, part of Ganassi, Pualas and Calanogas.

There is a need to upgrade existing hospital facilities for hospital licensing and accreditation purposes. The Tamparan District Hospital is upgrading to 100 bed capacity through the Islamic Development Bank. Hopefully it will become a Provincial Hospital while other hospitals need to be renovated for the improvement in delivery of basic health services.

The occupancy rate, as shown in table 43 below ranges from 37% to 80% per hospital. These hospitals are supported through the MOOE of each district office operating it. Tamparan District and Unayan District Hospital has the highest hospital utilization rate at 81% while Balindong District recorded at 37%. Table 43: List of Government Hospitals, Lanao del Sur

Name of Hospital

1. Tamparan District Hospital 2. Balindong Municipal Hospital 3. Dr. Serapio B. Montaner Memorial Hospital

No. of mun. served

No. of Bed Capacity

Category

Occupancy Rate

11

25

Secondary

80.01%

6

10

Primary

37%

5

25

Secondary

60%

PhilHEALTH Accreditation Yes No

√ X

√

82

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 4. Unayan Municipal Hospital 5. Wao District Hospital

5

10

Primary

81%

2

25

Secondary

55%

Source: IPHO Lanao del Sur, 2007

6.2.2 Rural Health Units and Barangay Health Stations

A total of 63 Barangay Health Stations and 26 Rural Health Units (RHUs) cover the entire province. Every Rural Health Unit is manned by a doctor, nurses, midwives, RSI and medtech. The services of dentists are scheduled due to their limited number. Barangay Health Stations are manned by midwives and Barangay health workers whose services are voluntary in nature.

Due to inadequate number of health facilities, the HKI has recognized the need to have alternative means of adding more structures. The Health and Nutrition Post which was piloted in 3 barangays each of Wao and Balindong proved to be very beneficial for far flung areas. Existing RHUs and BHS need to undergo renovations and upgrading for accreditation purposes to ensure a quality health service being rendered. There are municipalities without health centers wherein personnel are stationed in waiting sheds to do their routine services like immunization, and consultations.

There is a need to decentralize health services from main RHUs to catchment barangays for services to be at a reach to the community. Midwives are assigned in these barangays and need BHS where they can station themselves with the equipments are safe and where clients can regularly go to avail services.

One initiative being introduced through the UNFPA target areas is the Birthing Clinic to augment the inadequate facilities especially in far flung areas. The Municipality of Kapatagan has piloted and pioneered the establishment of a Birthing Home thru the Mayor’s initiative. Also,

83

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 a rational plan for the health facilities is important to maximize the existing ones and to identify where they are strategically needed.

Table 44: Distribution of Health Facilities by District Health Office (As of 2006)

District Office

No. of Mun.

Number of Hospitals Gov’t. Private

No. of RHU Permanent

Temp

No. of BHS

Pop/District

Tamparan District Balindong District Unayan District IPHO catchment Wao District

11

1

4

7

5

213,497

6

1

2

3

3

135,589

5 10

1 0

1 7

1 0

1 6

84,873 192,208

2

1

2

0

16

49,296

Malabang District Total

5

1

1

4

1

8

111,372

39

5

1

20

12

39

786,837

Source: IPHO, Lanao del Sur, 2007

Table 45: Field Health Service Personnel and Ratio to Population (2006)

Position

RHP ( incl 2 LFH, 2 DTTB)

PHN (field) RHM (incl 7 LGU paid)

RSI Sanitary Engr Dentist Dental Aide Med Tech BHWs TBAs

No. of Personnel

Personnel-Pop Ratio

Standard Ratio

Needed

43 19

1:20,000 pop

1:20,000 pop

1:40,000 pop

1:10,000-20,000

0 20

111 37 2 9 4 12 1,050 266

1:7,500 pop

1-3,000-5,000 pop

52

1;40,000 pop

11

1:20 HH

5,000

1:21,000 pop 1:375,000 pop 1:100,000 pop 1:160,000 pop 1:65,000 pop 1:120 HH 1:1,600 pop

Source: IPHO, Lanao del Sur Province 2007 * 2 RHPs are from Leaders for Health Program 84

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 * 2 RHPs are from DTTB Program * 2 RHMs are LGU Paid at Kapatagan and Calanogas Municipal Govt. * 4 RHMs are LGU paid by Wao Municipal Govt. * 1 RHMs paid as Temporary at IPHO catchment * 1 RHM paid by Lumbaca Unayan Municipal Govt. * 1 dentist as temporary at IPHO catchment

Table 45 shows the personnel to population ratio of different field health personnel. The RHPs is almost at par with the standard ratio .The Public Health Nurses serves 40,000 each pop which is higher in 50% than the standard. The RHMs has a glaring need and demand putting it to 53 more RHMS to be employed to meet the 1:5,000 ratio. There is a need to recruit more BHWs to augment the lack of manpower in the field.

Table 46: Distribution of Field Personnel based on District Plantilla Position

District Office

Tamparan District Balindong District Unayan District IPHO catchment Wao District Malabang District Total

No. of Catchment Mun

No. of RHPs

No. of PHNs

No of Midwives

No. of RS I

11

17

2

30

14

6 5 10 2

2 0 10 2

2 1 8 2

11 6 28 8

4 0 15 1

5 39

8 39

4 19

19 103

3 37

Source: IPHO, Lanao del Sur Province 2007

Table 46 shows the actual number of personnel per district compared to its number of catchment municipalities being served. Tamparan District has more number of doctors with an excess of

6 RHPs while Unayan District has no Rural Health Physician in its Plantilla while

Balindong District

has only 2 RHP in plantilla considering the 6 municpalities it serves. This

was brought about by the division of districts in the past. Currently, the lack of staff at Balindong and Unayan is being partly addressed by re-assigning personnel from districts with excess staff. Yet, there are still municipalities without physicians, nurses and RSIs.

85

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 6.2.3 General Health Status:

Crude Birth Rate:

There were 16,968 live births registered in year 2006, for crude birth rate (CBR) 23 per 1,000 populations. 48% were males and 52% females. 90% of the deliveries were at home, 6% at health facilities and 4 % unknown. They were delivered mostly by midwives at 55 %, nurses at 1.8 %, doctors at 4.8 %, trained hilot at 21.7 %, untrained hilots at 12.5%. The live births were under reported since most of the parents did not register births at the local civil registry especially those far flung areas.

Figure 1: Crude Birth Rate 23 22 21

CBR

20 19 18 CBR

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

20.2

21.2

22.69

22.1

22.6

Source: IPHO 2007

Crude Death Rate:

FHSIS reports showed a total of 1,253 deaths in 2006. Of the total deaths, 748 were males and 505 were females with Crude Death Rate of 1.67. The lowest of the rate was in 2004 at 0.83. These data were facility-based and were not reflective of the actual number of deaths. Problem with registering death at the Local Civil Registry still exist. Only when families need official documents for claim do they register their deaths.

Figure 2: 86

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 2 1.5 CDR

1 0.5 0 CDR

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

1.9

1.76

0.83

1.88

1.67

Source: IPHO 2007

6.2.4 Leading Causes of Mortality and Morbidity For the general population, it is observed that 6 out of 10 leading causes of morbidities are infectious in nature like pneumonia, diarrhea, bronchitis and others.

While 7 out of 10

leading causes of deaths are lifestyle-related diseases. It is to be taken note that these health indicators are facility-based data that have its own limitation. This is consistent with the Philippine national figures and trends.

Table 47: Leading Causes of Morbidity, Lanao del Sur

2005 1. Diarrhea 2. Skin Diseases 3. Influenza 4. Pneumonia 5. Bronchitis 6. Gastritis 7. Parasitism 8. Hypertension 9. Conjunctivitis 10. Pulmonary Tuberculosis

2006 1. Diarrhea 2. Influenza 3. Skin Diseases 4. Bronchitis 5. Pneumonia 6. Gastritis 7. Hypertension 8. Parasitism 9. Tuberculosis 10. Kidney Diseases

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

Table 48: Leading Causes of Mortality, Lanao del Sur

2005

2006

1. CVA 2. Pneumonia

1. CVD 2. CVA 87

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 3. Gunshot Wound 4. PTB 5. Diarrhea 6. CVD 7. Cancer, all forms 8. Stillbirths 9. COPD 10. Typhoid Fever

3. Pneumonia 4. Peptic Ulcer 5. Cancer, all forms 6. Pulmonary TB 7. Diarrhea 8. Accident 9. Gunshot Wound 10. Unknown

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

6.2.5 Maternal Mortality Ratio Table 49: Leading Causes of Maternal Mortality for year 2006

Cause Post Partum Hemorrhage Retained Placenta Placenta Previa Pre-eclampsia Total

Number 14 2 1 1 18

Rate .825 .118 .06 .06 1.063 %

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

Postpartum Hemorrhage is the number one cause of maternal mortality in the province of Lanao del Sur .Other causes of maternal deaths are complications related to pregnancy like pre-eclampsia and placenta previa occurring in the course of labor, delivery, and postpartum. Also maternal care starts at the time of conception when mothers are expected to pay their first visit to the RHU/BHS for the 1st pre-natal visits. Therein, she is expected to receive the package of

maternal services but only a small portion of them receive Ferrous Sulfate, Vitamin A and

Tetanus Toxoid injection due to lack of these supplies. Only 6 out of 10 pregnant mothers were able to complete the 3 pre-natal visits in the whole course of pregnancy. Hence, mothers fail to have birth plans. The failure to identify

early warning signs and symptoms of complications of

pregnancies pave way to maternal deaths.

This is an underestimated value considering the common practice in the area of burying the dead within 24 hours without documentation and the lack of interest in the filing of death certifications. Figure 3: Percentage of Births by Attendance: 88

Provincial Planning and Development Office 5%

rhms nurses trained TBAs

13%

untrained TBAs

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

Figure 4: Percentage of Births attended by Place of Delivery: 3.4 6.1

home hosp/RHU others 90.5

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

The home deliveries in Lanao del Sur in 2006 account for the 90.5%. (National=64.6%) and only 6.1% are delivered at the health facilities, the rest are in transit. Of these deliveries, 57% were delivered by midwives, 23% by trained TBAs, 13% by untrained TBAs, and only 5% by doctors and 2% by nurses. Presently, the DOH is geared on facility-based deliveries to prevent undue maternal deaths.

There is very low coverage of maternal health services in the province (Source: IPHO Lanao del Sur FHSIS, 2006) as shown below:

89

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 50: Maternal Health Services in the Province:

Pregnant women with 3 or more ante natal visits Pregnant women with 2 or more injections of tetanus toxoid Pregnant women with iron supplementation (180 tabs) Home Deliveries Deliveries attended by health professionals Postpartum with at least 1 PP visit Postpartum initiated breastfeeding

66% 62% 17% 90% 61% 75% 73.5%

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

6.2.6 Infant Mortality Rate Table 51: Leading Causes of Infant Mortality (Per thousand Live births)

CAUSE

NUMBER

1. Diarrhea 2. Pneumonia

18 13

RATE (per 1,000 live births) 1.061 0.766

3. Sepsis Neonatorum

10

0.059

4. Severe Malnutrition 5. Neonatal Asphyxia

4 4

0.236 0.236

6. Prematurity

3

0.177

7. GI Obstruction 8. SIDS

2 1

0.117 0.059

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is 2.7 per 1,000 live births, (national average of 23 per 1,000 live births (based on 2006 FPS). diarrhea,

pneumonia,

and

sepsis

The leading causes of deaths before one year of age are neonatorum,

severe

malnutrition,

neonatal

asphyxia,

prematurity.

90

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Fully Immunized Children

Figure 5: Percentage of Fully Immunized Children:

88 86 84 82 80 78 76 74

2003

2004

2005

2006

84

86.5

80

78.8

Source: IPHO 2007

The fully immunized children coverage of Lanao del Sur had significantly decreased for the past 3 years. For 2006, it had gone down to 78.8 % owing to the 3 municipalities which did not have facilities and health workers, referring to the newly created Lumbaca Unayan, the conflict afflicted Tubaran and the hard to reach Tagoloan municipalities. Other factors like inadequate number of staff, under staffed RHUs, and lack of supplies such as syringes are to be blamed with the decrease in the coverage of fully immunized children. Traditional and cultural beliefs also affect the program, coupled with inadequate health education in the part of the health workers.

91

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Contraceptive Prevalence Rate

Figure 6: Contraceptive Prevalence Rate for years 2003-2006: 40

35 30

25 20

15 10 5 0

C

2003

2004

2005

2006

27.7

31.2

34

33

Source: IPHO, HKI Survey

The Family Planning program aims to provide information and health services to adolescents regarding their Reproductive Health and married couples in exercising their freedom to determine the size of their families and free will to space their Children through the use of different Family Planning Methods.

There was a total of 29,182 for current users and new acceptors province wide for the year 2006. 13,628 of which used pills, 2,286 for IUD, 5,897 for DMPA, 4,001 for condom. 2,453 of which had chosen Lactational Amenorrhea Method but only few of them opted Female Sterilization having the number of 396 and male sterilization of 23. Natural Family Planning had a number of 335 acceptors. The Contraceptive Prevalence Rate of the province posted at 33% from 34% in 2005.

92

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 52: Number of Current Users and New Acceptors for Family Planning :

Current User Family Planning Pills IUD DMPA Condom BTL Vasectomy NFP SDM Withdrawal LAM Calendar Method Total

IPHO

BDH

UDH

DSBMMH

TDH

WDH

TOTAL

1880 113 1618 533 3 0 1 0 0 382

1367 4 726 1591 4 0 8 0 0 789

457 0 156 504 0 0 0 7 46 193

6161 1369 1443 375 69 2 274 29 1 119

1961 46 718 680 9 0 0 0 0 111

1267 640 806 17 256 21 0 4 0 52

13093 2172 5467 3858 341 23 283 40 40 1640

0 4530

0 4489

6 1369

0 9842

0 3525

0 3221

6 26970

BDH

UDH

DSBMMH

TDH

WDH

TOTAL

205 0 87 22 0 0 14 0 4 260

15 0 6 19 0 0 0 0 23 37

96 33 21 26 13 0 29 4 4 151

21 0 14 21 0 0 5 0 0 24

72 63 166 29 42 0 0 1 1 54

535 114 430 143 55 0 52 5 5 813

4 596

21 121

0 373

0 90

0

25

New Acceptors Family IPHO Planning Pills 126 IUD 18 DMPA 136 Condom 26 BTL 0 Vasectomy 0 NFP 4 SDM 0 Withdrawal 8 LAM 287 Calendar Method 0 Total 605

Source : IPHO- Annual Report 2006

The tables shown above show a decline in the number of Family Planning Acceptors which may be due to the phase out of free supplies being provided by Foreign Donor like that of USAID. In response to the phasing out of FP Commodities, four (4) Pop Shops were established located at 3 UNFPA Pilot municipalities namely Kapatagan, Marantao, Bubong and Provincial 93

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Health Office which will serve as a supplier of FP commodities in the neighboring towns/municipalities.

Nutrition Program Malnutrition is most of the time the underlying cause of death in children because their bodies’ defenses fall short in combating the disease. At times, it becomes the cause of death as recorded in the FHSIS of IPHO, Lanao del Sur when in the past years, it has recorded SEVERE MALNUTRITION as one of the leading cause of death, placing it in the 4th cause of infant mortality. Based on the Operation Timbang being done simultaneously in the 1 st quarter of every year, for 2006, there was a province wide OPT coverage of 61 %, meaning for every 10 children ages 0-71 months old, 6 were weighed. This could be attributed to the lack of personnel to conduct the mass weighing and the inadequate number of weighing scales to be used. Strategies to combat this were conceived and supported by

HKI when early last year, 6 Health and

Nutrition Post were established with community involvement , when Health Nutrition Task Force were actively involved composed of different stakeholders from the community.

Figure 7: Malnutrition Rates (0-71 months old):

25.3 30.00

20.00

12.3

10.7

10.00

0.00

2004

2005

2006

Below Norm al (VLW)

0.76

0.84

0.81

Below Norm al (LW)

25.3

10.7

12.3

Source: IPHO, 2007

94

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Of the children weighed in 2006, a total of 13% were below normal and categorically considered as malnourished, 12.3% had low weight and 0.8 % were very low weight. There was an increase of 3% from 2005. A Baseline Nutrition and Food Security Assessment conducted by the FNRI-DOST on August 2006 covering the 25 municipalities of Lanao del Sur covered by the World Food Program showed that 29% of the children were underweight while the prevalence of Anemia in children is 43.4%, , Anemia in pregnant women is 54.2% and 50.8% for lactating mothers.

One strategy currently done is the nationwide bi-yearly Garantisadong Pambata which targets below 6 years old children with the universal supplementation of Vitamin A and other package of services which included dental check up, deworming, weighing, immunization and others. GP universal coverage for 2006 was 87.4 % for 6-11 months old and 91.5% for 12-71 months. There was no problem with the GP supplies since it was coming from the DOH-Central but there was no clear-cut logistic as to where to get the Vitamin A for routine supplementation for high-risk patients. Likewise with Iron supplementation for anemia, for the past years, no supplies were being given by the IPHO.

Table 53: Iron Supplementation Coverage (% ) 2003-2006

Target Children Pregnant mothers Post Partum Mothers

2003 0

2004 0

2005 0

2006 0

44

29.5

19

17

49.5

36

22

22

Source : IPHO, 2007

Data show that poverty is one factor that causes malnutrition based on the assessment done on food security of the 25 municipalities in Lanao del Sur. 16.3% of the mothers and 6.6% of the children experienced not eating for the whole day because there was no food or money to buy food. Projects by the World Food Program on Food Rationing to target population, 6-24 months, pregnant and lactating mothers, is on its 2 nd year of implementation wherein the objective is to improve the nutrition status of said target pop in 25 piloted municipalities. 95

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Another factor that can contribute to the increase malnutrition rate of Lanao del Sur is the poor knowledge of caregivers on good nutrition and proper feeding practices. This is also compounded with the lack of knowledge of the health workers in the preparation of complimentary and supplementary feeding.

6.3. HOUSING:

In

2000

census,

there

were 76,859

occupied housing units in the province, higher by 4,310 houses over the 1990 figure (72,549 housing

units).

This

was about six percent

increase over the 1990 figure.

A total of 97,104 households or 668,860 persons resided in 76,859 housing units. This gave a ratio of 1.26 households per housing unit, slightly lower than the figure reported a decade ago (1.35). The figure also gave a ratio of 8.7 persons to an occupied housing unit, higher than the 1990 ratio of 8.2 persons.

About 88 percent of the occupied housing units in Lanao del Sur were single houses. This was lower by about three percentage points from the 1990

figure.

Duplex,

multi-unit residential and

commercial/industrial/agricultural types

of

building

recorded 5 percent, 4 percent, and 0.07 percent, respectively.

In 2000, more than 81 percent of the total occupied housing units had roofs made of galvanized iron or aluminum. This figure registered about five percentage point increase over the 96

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 1990 figure (76 percent). On the other hand, the proportion of houses that had roofs made of either cogon, nipa, or anahaw dropped by seven percentage points. From about 13 percent in 1990, it decreased to about 6 percent in 2000.

More than half (55 percent) of the occupied housing units in this province had outer walls made of wood. Nearly half of the occupied houses (47 percent) were made of robust materials, i.e., had roofs made of galvanized iron or aluminum and had outer walls made of wood. Occupied houses that had roofs made of galvanized iron or aluminum and had outer walls made of either concrete, brick, or stone comprised about 14 percent.

The proportion of houses that still needed no repair or with minor repair only remained at 67 percent from 1990 to 2000. About 21 percent needed major repair, 3 percent with unfinished construction, and about 2 percent under renovation or being repaired.

In

2000

census,

one-fifth

of the

occupied housing units had a floor area ranging from 20 to 29 square meters, followed by occupied housing units with a floor area from 10 to 19 square meters (18 percent). On the other hand, the proportion of occupied housing units with 120 square meters and over was 8 percent while those with less than 10 square meters was 15 percent.

The median floor area of occupied housing units was 27 square meters. This means that half of the total number of occupied houses in this province had a floor area below 27 square meters. 97

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 6.4 SOCIAL WELFARE:

The provincial government has been delivering social welfare and development services to its constituents. Related services includes the provision of assistance in the settlement of clan feuds or “rido�, which is considered as one of the primary factors that denied the province from participating into a more productive economic activities. Rather than investing in the province, people prefer to engage economic activities outside the province to avoid getting involved to warring clans or family. Provision of assistance to organized cooperatives is another form of social welfare and services that the provincial government is delivering. There are numerous related infrastructure projects implemented by the provincial government classified as social services. Specifically, the Provincial Social Welfare and Development has the inherent task of delivering social welfare and development programs to the province. Accordingly, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), provincial office is divided into two district offices to attend into the needs of the constituents of the two congressional district of the province but all under the administrative control and supervision of the Provincial Social Welfare and Development Officer with main office at the City of Marawi while the provincial office for the second congressional district is located in the Municipality of Malabang.

The organizing or establishment of Day Care Centers (DCCs) is one of the social services provided by the DSWD but as of the total number of DCCs for the whole province cannot be ascertained. Currently, only the record of DCCs in the first congressional district is available.

Consequently,

DCCs

are

organized

in

the

nineteen municipalities with the

Municipality of Wao having the big number of organized DCCs with a total of 38 while the municipality with only one (1) DCC is the Municipality of Poona Bayabao.

98

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 54: Numbers of Day Care Centers, 1 st Congressional District Lanao del Sur

MUNICIPALITY 1. Tamparan 2. Tagoloan 3. Balindong 4. Tugaya 5. Piagapo 6. Marantao 7. Wao 8. Taraka 9. Bumbaran 10. Masiu 11. Ditsaan Ramain 12. Poona Bayabao 13. Kapai 14. Lumba Bayabao 15. Mulondo 16. Buadipuso Buntong 17. Bubong 18. Saguiaran 19. Maguing

NO. OF BARANGAYS 44 19 38 23 36 38 26 42

TOTAL

NO. OF DCCS

32

11 3 8 2 8 10 38 15 2 13 13 18 3 1 7 15 8 5 2

538

182

39 34 34 36 39 26 32

NO. OF BARANGAYS WITHOUT DCC 33 16 30 21 28 28 27 27 21 16 33 38 19 17 30 228

Source: DSWD-Lanao Sur Report, 2001

Other services offered by the DSWD include human resources development through the provision of trainings and seminars aimed at enhancing the organizational and management capability of community organizations. Various technical trainings on livelihood are delivered by the DSWD. The DSWD also engaged in related infrastructure development projects. For 2001, it delivered

various related

the year

infrastructure development projects to 5,135 beneficiaries or

561 percent of the 11,232 target beneficiaries.

99

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 55 : Name of Projects and Status, Province of Lanao del Sur

NAME OF PROJECT/INTERVENTIO N SERVICES Deep wells Water Pumps Installation of Pipelines Construction of Water Reservoirs Jetmatic Pump Installation Construction of Communal Toilets Animal Dispersal Tindahang Bigay Buhay Provision of Perimeter Lights Construction of Solar Drier Construction of Flea Market Repair Of Access Roads Provision of PYA Sports Equipment

TOTAL

STATUS/PHYSICAL ACCOMPLISHMENT TARGET

ACTUAL

ACCOMPLISHMENT

(%) UNITS BEN. 50 24 67 71 67 78 50 54

UNITS 6 6 15 14

BEN. 680 422 891 1,004

UNITS 3 4 10 7

BEN. 165 316 691 538

5 23

680 912

1 19

58 712

20 83

8 78

8 10 10

345 150 720

5 4 4

171 50 227

63 40 40

50 33 32

20 5 5 38

2,853 500 1,125 950

18 1 1 6

1,563 150 257 237

90 20 20 16

55 30 23 25

165

11,232

83

5,135

626

561

Source: DSWD- Lanao del Sur Report, 2001

With respect to access on water supply, the report of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) shows that 52,039 household are provided with level I water supply, 34,728 with level II and only 4,047 with level III, or 23,016 households do not have access to either of the mentioned three levels of water supply. In the same report, the 38 municipalities of the province are divided into the six (6) district of municipal hospitals and the area under the IPHO has the greater number of households with access to level I and level III water supply while the Wao District Hospital covering the Municipality of Bumbaran has the lowest number of household with access to level I water supply. The Balindong Municipal Hospital covers the greater number of households with access to level II water supply with a total of 8,269 households as compared to the Unayan Municipal Hospital with only 3,395 households with access to level II water supply and 112 households with access to level III water supply.

100

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 56: Household with Access to Level I, Level II, and Level III Water Supply LEVEL I DISTRICT/ MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL IPHO Tamparan District Hospital Balindong Municipal Hospital Dr. Serapio Montaner Mem. Hospital Unayan Municipal Hospital Wao District Hospital

TOTAL

LEVEL II

LEVEL III

NO. OF HOUSEHOLD

NO.

%

NO.

%

NO.

%

23,433 32,790

9,868 2,1541

42.11 65.69

6,766 7,031

28.87 21.44

2,433 125

10.38 0.38

18,602

6,313

2.99

8,269

44.45

537

2.89

210,569 11,272

9,213 3,626

4.37 32.17

5,277 3,395

2.51 30.12

530 112

0.25 0.99

6,677

1,478

22.13

4,040

60.51

310

4.64

303,343

52,039

17.15

34,778

11.46

4,047

1.33

Source: DSWD-Lanao Del Sur, 2001 Report

6.5 SPORTS, RECREATION FACILITIES, AND CULTURAL CENTERS:

Sports and recreation facilities are available in the different municipalities of the province. The common sports facilities available are basketball courts, volleyball courts, and tennis courts that are usually constructed through the concerted efforts of youth organizations in the locality with funding assistance from concerned personalities, particularly politicians.

Most of the major sports and recreation centers are concentrated in the City of Marawi with MSU sport complex at Mindanao State University- Marawi Campus as the biggest sports and recreation center with a capacity capable of accommodating athletic meet. Other big sports and recreation centers can also be found in the different parts of the City of Marawi and in some selected municipalities of the province.

Table 57: Sports and Recreation Centers

NAME OF SPORTS AND RECREATION CENTER Mindanao State University Sport Complex

FACILITIES Electronic score board basketball courts, tennis

LOCATION MSU-Marawi Campus

101

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007

Provincial Capitol Sports Center MSU tennis Club Marawi City Gymnasium and Sports Complex Lanao National College of arts and Trade

Sarimanok Tennis Club Balindong Tennis Club and Sport Center Tamparan Tennis Club and Sport Complex

courts, Swimming pools, grand stand, oval court, gymnasium, golf course Gymnasium, basketball court, Tennis court Tennis Court, Canteen and Refreshment Gymnasium, Basketball Court Grand stand, Baseball court, Basketball court, volleyball court, Tennis Court Tennis Court, Canteen and Refreshment Tennis Court, Basketball Court, Volleyball court, Canteen and Refreshment Tennis Court, Basketball court, Volleball court, Softball court

Provincial Government Center, Buadi Sacayo, Marawi City MSU-Marawi Campus Marawi City Saduc, Marawi City

Barrio Navarro, Marawi City Wato, Balindong

Poblacion, Tamparan

Source: PPDO-Lanao del Sur

Aside from sports and recreation facilities, cultural centers are also available to accommodate social gatherings and functions of the community. The Cultural Affairs Division of the provincial government recorded 266 cultural centers available in the 28 municipalities. Marawi City has the greatest number of cultural centers with a total of 74, followed by the Municipality of Maguing with 48 cultural centers. The rest of the municipalities do not have a recorded number of cultural centers.

Table 58: Number of Cultural Centers By Municipality

MUNICIPALITY/CITY 1. Balabagan 2. Balinndong 3. Buadipuso Buntong

NO. OF CULTURAL CENTERS 2 8 3

MUNICIPALITY/CITY 15. Malabang 16. Marantao 17. Marawi City

NO. OF CULTURAL CENTERS 1 12 74

102

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 4. Bubong 5. Bubong 6. Butig 7. Calanogas 8. Ditsaan Ramain 9. Ganassi 10. Kapatagan 11. Lumba Bayabao 12. Madalum 13. Madamba 14. Maguing

1 3 21 1 2 4 1 3 1 2 48

18. Masiu 19. Masiu 20. Mulondo 21. Mulondo 22. Piagapo 23. Poona Bayabao 24. Saguiaran 25. Tamparan 26. Taraka 27. Tubaran 28. Tugaya

2 2 1 1 4 26 2 24 6 1 2

Source: PPDO Lanao del Sur

103

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER VII INFRASTRUCTURE AND UTILITIES 7.1 TRANSPORTATION:

The province is accessible from the three major entry points through land transportation and from the seaport in the Municipality of Malabang. The one and only airport in Malabang that can accommodate domestic flights has not been operating since the controversial rehabilitation of the airport remains unresolved. The other entry points is from the northern parts from the City of Iligan and the other one is from Cotabato City passing through the Municipalities of Sultan Kudarat, Parang and Matanog of the Maguindanao province. There are two other potential points of entry in the province. One at the southwestern part taking the route from the Municipality of Sultan Gumander towards the Municipality of Sultan Naga Dimaporo of the province of Lanao del Norte and another at the northwestern side of the province taking off from the Municipality of Maguing to the Province of Bukidnon. Presently there is an ongoing effort of rehabilitating the road from Sultan Gumander to the Municipality of Sultan Naga Dimaporo. At the northwestern side, the road connecting Lanao del Sur to the province of Bukidnon is almost completed.

Nevertheless, the 39 municipalities can be reached taking various types of vehicles such as jeeps, FXs, and Taxis with terminals at the City of Marawi. Few buses are also available plying the route from Marawi City to Iligan and Cagayan de Oro City. FX taxi and taxis bound for Iligan City and Cagayan de Oro City, Cotabato City are also available in the province. Jeeps bound for Pagadian City are also available mainly for transporting dried fish to Marawi City but the said jeeps plying the route from Marawi City and Pagadian City also accommodate passengers. The municipalities along the lakeshore of the province can also be reached through motorized boats crossing Lake Lanao.

With regards to the number of vehicles available in the province, the actual number cannot be ascertained since some of the vehicles are registered in other Land Transportation Offices (LTO) outside the province. But looking at the traffic flow in the City of Marawi gives 104

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 the impression that the volume or number of vehicle is so large that even after rush hour late in the afternoon the main roads in the city are traffic congested. But public utility vehicles from the city going to the rural areas are available only at daytime, usually until 7 o’clock in the evening.

The huge number of vehicles available in the province is attributed to the limited passenger vehicle available at nighttime. To own a car in the province is considered as one of the basic needs of the people rather than a social or status symbol. Only through having a car can people do transactions in the evening including emergency cases such as bringing the patient to the hospital at night time.

Despite of the observable number of cars, the LTO records show that as of January 2004 majority of the registered vehicles were private, with a total of 1,437. The registered government owned vehicles were only 20 while the "for hire" registered vehicles were only 78.

It may be noted that according to LTO, the number of registered government vehicles exclude those owned by the provincial government of Lanao del Sur.

Table 59: Number of Registered Vehicles by Type of Ownership and by Type of Cars

TYPE OF OWNERSHIP TYPE OF CARS Truck/Buses

GOVERNMENT 40

PRIVATE 252

FOR HIRE 0

0

10

0

445

0

Jeep Motorcycles Trailers

0

0

0

Utility Vehicles

20

730

78

TOTAL

60

1,437

78

Source: LTO-Lanao del Sur, 2007

105

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 7.1.1 TERMINALS:

There are two (2) terminals for passenger vehicles like jeepneys, vans, pick-ups and other various types of cars which are operated in 2007. One is located near the Provincial Capitol Complex, Buadi Sacayo, Islamic City of Marawi. This accommodates passenger vehicles bound for Second District, Cotabato City, Davao City, Cagayan de Oro City, Iligan City and other municipalities of Lanao del Norte.

The other terminal is situated at Barangay Gadongan, Islamic City of Marawi which serves the passenger vehicles bound for First District, Iligan City, Cagayan de Oro City, Cotabato City and Davao City. The passengers can reach any of the two (2) terminals by taking the city-limit passenger jeepneys or the motorized pedicabs.

7.1.2 ROADS AND BRIDGES:

There are four (4) types of roads in the province classified according to administration as national, provincial, municipal, and barangay roads. Considerable length of the national road is mainly the Lake Lanao circumferential road traversing the municipalities surrounding Lake Lanao, the Narciso Ramos Highways, and the highways going down to the City of Iligan. The national road across the different municipalities of the province has a total length of 201.108 kilometers including the KFAED Malabang-Picong Road with the Municipality of Kapatagan having the longest national road with a total length of 19.000 kilometers. The shortest national road can be found in the Municipality of Bubong with a total length of only 0.530 kilometers. These total lengths of national road exclude the four (4) municipalities whose length of national road is not recorded.

Like the national roads, all the 39 municipalities of the province have provincial roads with a total length of 447.085 kilometers with the Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain having the longest municipal road with a total of 38.750 kilometers while the Municipality with the shortest

106

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 provincial road is the municipality of Tamparan with a total length of 1.200 kilometers only. Seven (7) municipalities do no have recorded length of provincial road.

With respect to the roads administered and maintained by the respective municipal government of the province, it has a total length of 412.495 excluding the eight (8) municipalities whose municipal roads are not recorded. The Municipality of Mulondo is recorded to have the longest municipal road with a total length of 153.200 kilometers while the Municipality of Piagapo has the shortest municipal road of only 1.025 kilometers.

Comparing the three types of road networks by administration in terms of length, municipal road network has the longest length followed by those under the administration of the provincial government. The road network under the administration of the national government only ranked number three (3) in length as compared to the municipal and provincial road networks. The total national, provincial and municipal roads of the province is 1,258.318 kilometers.

Table 60: Road Network By Municipality, and By Type of Administration

TYPE OF ADMINISTRATION

MUNICIPALITY 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.

National

Provincial

Municipal

3.812 5.000 3.902 7.060 5.000 11.200 0.530 0.780 3.000 1.300

2.500 5.007 23.198 12.360 12.555 37.762

7.500 4.700 4.100 6.000 12.500

2.000 7.390 19.321 38.750 9.650

4.400 3.130 9.475 2.600 2.400 11.965

Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum

2.280 10.000 19.000

16.800

2.136 7.120 9.205

6.100 7.060 19.500

7.250 20.000 8.600

TOTAL (kms.) 13.812 14.707 31.2 25.42 30.055 48.962 0.530 14.2 13.52 30.096 41.35 14.85 21.965 35.8 7.250 8.226 34.18 37.305

107

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39.

Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander (Picong) Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao TOTAL Source: DPWH-Lanao del Sur

16.000 3.720 16.986 3.357

29.067 10.220

9.568 23.341 5.900

22.000 7.000

4.000

1.500 4.890 3.600 4.000 2.500 2.500 3.000

23.400 10.350 6.350 10.435 23.187 33.800

153.200 10.767 1.025 9.300 18.300 7.000

15.294 2.600 3.073 1.875 0.713 6.175 18.000 201.108

1.186 1.000 9.080 17.432 6.625 16.000 447.085

5.400 3.274 9.000 6.000 10.300 31.500 412.495

54.635 37.281 22.886 25.357 11.000 1.500 181.49 24.717 11.375 22.235 43.987 43.9 20.694 3.786 7.347 19.955 24.145 213.1 65.5 1,258,318

In terms of road network by type of construction, the road networks in the province are classified into three, namely: concrete, gravel, and unpaved. Accordingly, the total length of the concreted roads in the province has a total of 81.234 kilometers excluding the nine (9) municipalities with no recorded concreted road. The graveled road has a total length of 321.087 kilometers. Again, there are eight (8) municipalities with no recorded graveled roads. The unpaved road is slightly longer than the graveled road with a total length of 327.537 kilometers.

The municipality with the longest length of concreted road is the Municipality of Poona Bayabao with 8.000 kilometers and the municipality with a shortest concreted road is the municipality of Bacolod Kalawi with 0.500 kilometers only. The Municipality of Lumbatan has the longest graveled road with a total of 26.370 kilometers while the municipality with the shortest graveled road is the Municipality of Bacolod Kalawi with only 1.325 kilometers. The longest unpaved road in the province can be found in the Municipality of Buadipuso Buntong with a total length of 32.112 kilometers. Still, the shortest unpaved road is in the Municipality of Bacolod Kalawi.

108

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 61: Road Network By Municipality, and By Type of Roads

TYPE OF ROADS

LENGTH

MUNICIPALITY Concreted

Graveled

Unpaved

(Kms.)

0.500 1.200 6.700 .1.200 0.650 2.250 5.65

1.325 3.81 16.046 8.900 6.740 6.030 18.90

1.325 3.81 16.750 11.160 6.740 10.305 32.112

1.825 5.007 23.198 12.360 7.390 12.555 37.762

2.050

1.200

2.950

5.000

4.780 1.743 6.250

12.257 7.907 10.55

16.141 7.907 10.55

21.281 9.650 16.800

0.900 1.750 2.110 1.200 0.200 1.001 0.32 0.900 0.300 1.950 8.250 0.700 4.00 8.000 1.750 1.000

3.500 26.370 12.290 20.800 10.020 6.000 6.930 8.150 11.700 8.650 2.952 5.65 6.455 20.550 63.05 3.950

5.200 26.370 16.290 20.800 10.020 6.000 7.390 8.150 11.700 15.445 3.22 5.65 6.455 21.037 36.050 3.950

6.100 28.117 19.300

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38.

Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander (Picong) Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao TOTAL Source: DPWH-Lanao del Sur

10.220 7.00 8.010 8.799 12.00 23.445 10.97 6.35 10.455 29.037 38.75 4.950

7.704

7.7044

1.126 6.000

1.800

2.08

1.126 8.080

81.234

6.625 1.980 321.087

1.980 327.537

6.625 399.753

109

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Moreover, in 2002 more road networks were constructed. In the 1 st congressional district a total of 81 road networks were constructed or graveled with the Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain topping the list of municipalities with road networks constructed while the Municipality of Bumbaran have only 1 road network constructed. In the 2 nd congressional district the administration was able to construct 58 road networks. The Municipality of Balindong has a total of 9-road networks constructed while only 1 in the Municipality of Calanogas.

Table 62: List of Completed Road Network under the Administration Municipality/ Name of Road network Project 1 st District, Lanao del Sur Bubong Bacolod-Malungun Salipongan- Masorot Masorot-Dilabayan Pindolonan Punud Miabalawag Bualan-Manas Pindolonan Matampay Bansayan-Pagayawan Buadipuso Buntong Manacab Circumferential Road Lumbac Provincial Road Pagalongan-Ragondingan Pagalongan-Ragondingan Phase II Manacab-Lake Lanao Buadipuso Road Gata Road Manacab Provincial Road

Municipality/ Name of Road network Project 2 nd District, Lanao del Sur Balabagan Balabagan Provincial Road

Bumbaran Somogot Road

Butig

Balindong Bubong-balindong Road Wato-Pantao Ragat Wato-Agoo Road Pahse I & II Padilla Road Cabili Avenue Provincial Road Malaig-balindong Road Raya Wato road Bantayao Road Lumbayao Road Bayang Parao-Bayang Road Bayang-Dilausan Provincial Road Bayang_Lumbatan Provincial Road Cadayonan Road

Nanagun Butig Road (Gravelling) Butig-Lumbatan Provincial Road

110

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Dtsaan Ramain Dangipprampia Buada Babae Dado Road Buadidingun Pugaan-Lake Lanao Taan-Tuca Taan-Tuca Phase II Darimbang Road Lumbac provincial Road Buayaan Road Rantian Road Buadi Olok road Buadi Alao Provincial Road Taan Tuca Dilausan Phase I Taan Tuca Dilausan Phase II

Binidayan Binidayan Provincial Road Binidayan-tubaran Provincial Road (Gravelling)

Kapai

Lumbatan Macadar-Lumbatan Provincial Road Lumbatan-Malabang Road (Gravelling) Lumbac-Penaring

Kapai Provincial Road Marawi-Kapai Pindolonan Kapai Tagoloan-Kapai Provincial Road Marawi-Kapai road (Gravelling) Lumba Bayabao Lumbac-Misayap Bacolod-Dilindongan Lomasa-Bacolod Maribo-Baogan Galawan Dialongana Marantao Marantao provincial Road Bacong-Kialdan Inodaran-MSU Road Bolao Road Poona Marantao Road Maguing Lilod Maguing Road Balintao Road Balintao Road Phase II Taraka-Maguing Siyawadato provincial Road Dilabayan Road Taraka-Maguing Road (Gravelling) Masiu Bacong-Sugod Road Tomambiling Road Moriatao Bae Road

Ganassi Ganassi-Pamalian Provincial Road Phase I & II Taligo-Ganassi Provincial Road Calanogas Pantao Farm to Market Road Kapatagan Kapatagan Road Igabai Road

Lumbayanague Kadingilan Provincial Road Limbayanague-Butig (Gravelling) Lumbayanague-Wago (Gravelling) Deromoyod Road Phase I & II Lumbayanague-Butig Malabang China Town Road Bank House Road BPS Village Road Campo Muslim Road Tubok Barangay Road Malabang Road Madamba Tuca-madamba Provincial Road Uyaan provincial Road Tuca-Madamba Phase II Madalum Madalum-Munai road Dandamun Provincial Road Racutan Road Madalum Provincial Road (Rehabilitation)

111

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Mulondo Dalama Mulondo Provincial Road Lumbac Road Cabasaran Mulondo Road Piagapo Ilian-Piagapo Road Tawaan Piagapo Road Katumbacan provincial Road Poona Bayabao Bansayan-Ragayan Bansayan-Ragayan Phase I Bansayan-Ragayan Phase II Saguiaran Saguiaran-Cadayonan Phase I & II Mipaga-Lumbayanague Phase I, II, & III Lumbac toros Road Tamparan Lumbac Ingud Road Tatayawan Balt Road Lumbac-Lilod Road Lumbac-Ingud (Gravelling) Taraka Taraka-Minanga Road Phase I & II Minanga-Cadayonan Salipongan Dilabayan road (Gravellin) Wao Kili-kili Road Mimbuaya Road Kilikili Pathway Road Frankfort Road Muslim Village Road Natangcop Road Buntong Road Wao Provincial Road Source: DPWH, PEO, 2003

Marogong Lugitip Provincial Road Campong Marogong (Gravelling) Pagayawan Pinalanka Section Pinalangka-Linindingan Provincial Road Pagayawan Provincial Road Pualas Talambo Provincial Road Masao Provincial Road Ingud Provincial Road Notong Tagoranao Road Sultan Gumander Maladug Road Punong Road Tubaran Tangkal Tubaran Provincial Road Tugaya Tugaya Provincial Road Putad Road

In 2003, 36 more road networks were constructed in the 1st congressional district. Again, the Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain topped the municipalities with 8 more road networks constructed while only one in the municipalities of Piagapo and Tamparan. In the same year, a total of 17-road networks were constructed in the 2nd congressional district of the province. The Municipality of Balindong has the great number of road networks with a total of 5-road networks. Other municipalities have only 1 road network constructed.

112

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 63: List of Completed Road Network under the Administration, 2003

Municipality/ Name of Road network Project 1st District, Lanao del Sur

Municipality/ Name of Road network Project 2nd District, Lanao del Sur

Bubong Polayagan Bualan-manas Road Phase II & III Panalawan Road Songgod Road Sabang Road Bansayan Road

Bacolod Grande Bacolod-Kalawi Road

Buadipuso Buntong Gata Road Phase III Ragondingan Provincial Road Ditsaan Ramain Barimbingan Provincial Road Buada Babae Provincial Road Pagayonan-Taan Road Polo Road Gadongan Provincial Road Darimbang Road Mala-a Lawasaig Provincial Road Ramain Proper Road Lumba Bayabao Torogan-Romayas Provincial Road Bantayao Road Marantao Camalig Marantao road Mantapoli Road Lumbac-Inudaran Road Maul Proper Road Masiu Moriatao Bae Road Lumbac Ingud Road Piagapo Katumbaran Provincial Road Poona Bayabao Shiek Berua Provincial Road Lolong-Ragayan Road Saguiaran Sogod Road

Balindong Wato-Raya Lumbayao Provincial Road Bantayao Road Tuca-Bubong Road Bubong Road Raya Road Binidayan Binidayan provincial Road Phase II Bayang Linuk-Pamakutan Road Bayang Provincial Road Butig

Butig-Dialongana Provincial Road

Madalum Linao-Lumbac Road Madalum Roads

Madamba Madamba Road Malabang Banday Road Marogong Lugitip Provincial Road Phase II Lumbatan Gadongan Road Tubaran Tubaran Provincial Road Phase II 113

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Mipaga-Lumbayanague Phase III Saguiaran-Piagapo Provincial Road Maito a Basak Road Taraka Borowa Provincial Road Cadayonan-Minanga Road Tamparan Tamparan Proper Road Wao Kili-kili West Road Kili-kili East Road Source: DPWH, PEO, 2003

Table 64: Inventory of National Roads (First District) NAME OF ROAD ROAD SECTION / CONTROL SECTION I – ILIGAN – MARAWI ROAD 01-1 -2

1554+222 1554+295

-

II – MARAWI – MARANTAO ROAD -2

1565+604

-

STATION LIMITS 1554+295 1558+483 SUB-TOTAL 1575+000

TYPE

LENGTH (K.M.)

Concrete Concrete

0.073 4.188 4.261

Concrete

9.396

SUB-TOTAL III – MARAWI – MASIU ROAD 02-1 -2 -1 -5 -6 -7 -6

1570+004 1574+931 1574+992 1597+241 1597+302 1599+000 1600+000

-

1574+931 1574+992 1597+241 1597+302 1599+000 1600+000 1601+000

9.396 Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete

SUB-TOTAL - MULONDO – WAO ROAD 02-3 -4 IV – MULONDO – WAO ROAD a. Bukidnon Bdry – North Cotabato Bdry Road Section 03-1 -2 -1 -3

1582+952 1591+732

-

1602+944 1612+965 1613+051 1619+790

-

1591+732 1596+732 SUB-TOTAL

1612+965 1613+051 1619+790 1622+990 SUB-TOTAL

4.927 0.061 22.249 0.061 1.698 1.000 1.000 30.996

Concrete Unpaved

8.780 5.000 13.780

Concrete Concrete Concrete Unpaved

10.021 0.086 6.739 3.200 20.046

114

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 b. Wao – Bumbaran Road Section 03-4 -5 -4 -5 -4 -5

1603+744 1608+820 1611+044 1612+644 1614+444 1618+994

-

1608+820 1611+044 1612+644 1614+444 1618+994 1639+044 SUB-TOTAL

Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Concrete Unpaved

5.076 2.224 1.600 1.800 4.550 20.050 35.300

c. Bumbaran – Talakag Road Section 03-6 -7 -6

1617+744 1621+244 1621+744

-

1621+244 1621+744 1623+444 SUB-TOTAL

Unpaved Concrete Unpaved

3.500 0.500 1.700 5.700

GRAND TOTAL

119.479

Source: DPWH (First Engineering District) 2007

It may be important to note that more roads were constructed in the 1 st congressional district than in the 2nd congressional district yet the record of the provincial government shows that there were more other infrastructure projects constructed in the 2 nd congressional district. Among the related infrastructures constructed in the 2nd congressional district were public toilet, water facilities, and sports and recreation facilities.

In 2007, twenty two (22) road networks in the first district were concreted while thirteen (13) road networks were rehabilitated or repaired. In the 2 nd district, fourteen (14) road networks were concreted and six (6) road networks were rehabilitated. An Outpatient Clinic is also undergoing construction within the Capitol Complex, Marawi City.

Table 65: List of Road Networks Concreted and Repaired in 2007 (First District) Name of Project

Status

A. Concreting: 1. Dimayon-Pagalamatan Road, Taraka

Completed

2. Borokot Maguing, Maguing

Completed

3. Piagapo Provincial Road, Piagapo

Completed

4. Bacong-Masiu Provincial Road, Masiu

Completed

5. Masiu Provincial Road, Masiu (Phase II)

Completed

6. East Kilikili Road, Wao

Completed

7. West Kilikili Road, Wao

Completed 115

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 8. Bumbaran Road, Bumbaran

On-going

9. Timber Road, Ditsaan Ramain

Completed

10. Ditsaan Ramain Road, Ditsaan Ramain

Completed

11. Poona Bayabao Road, Poona Bayabao

Completed

12. Bubong Provincial Road, Bubong

Completed

13. Bubong Provincial Road, Bubong (Phase II)

Completed

14. Catagonan Road, Buadipuso Buntong

Completed

15. Buadipuso Buntong Road, Buadipuso Buntong

Completed

16. Lumbac Road, Mulondo

Completed

17. Saguiaran Road, Saguiaran

Completed

18. Galawan-Dialongana Road, Lumba Bayabao

To be implemented

19. Center Island & Capitol Access Road, Marawi City

Completed

20. Buadi Sacayo Road, Marawi City

Completed

21. Talub Road, Tamparan

On-going

22. Salvador Gonsa Road, Taraka

To be implemented

B. Repair / Improvement: 1. Pantao Tomaritib Provincial Road, Masiu

Completed

2. Talaguian Provincial Road, Masiu

Completed

3. Buisan Provincial Road, Masiu

Completed

4. Buisan Provincial Road, Masiu

Completed

5. Polo-Tuca Provincial Road, Ditsaan Ramain

Completed

6. Mala-alawasaig Provincial Road, Ditsaan Ramain

Completed

7. Bansayan-Palao Provincial Road, Bubong

Completed

8. Bubong-Rogero Provincial Road, Bubong

Completed

9. Dilabayan-Pantar Provincial Road, Bubong

Completed

10. Bubong, Ditsaan Ramain, Masiu Provincial Road

Completed

11. Maguing Provincial Road, Maguing

On-going

12. Tarik-Bubong Provincial Road, Buadipuso Buntong

On-going

13. Catagoan-Tangkal Provincial Road, Buadipuso Buntong

On-going

Source: PEO 2007

116

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Table 66: List of Road Networks Concreted and Repaired in 2007 (Second District) Name of Project

Status

A. Concreting: 1. Jose Abad Santos Road, Malabang

Completed

2. Punong Road, Picong

Completed

3. Tuca Road, Picong

Completed

4. Cabasaran Road, Lumbayanague

Completed

5. Lumbayanague Road, Lumbayanague (Phase II)

Completed

6. Calanogas Road, Calanogas

Completed

7. Bacolod Kalawi Provincial Road, Bacolod Kalawi

Completed

8. Palao Provincial Road, Bayang

Completed

9. Ganassi Provincial Road, Ganassi

On-going

10. Madalum Road, Madalum

To be implemented

11. Madamba Road, Madamba

To be implemented

12. Pagayawan Road, Pagayawan

On-going

13. Daao Road, Pualas

To be implemented

14. Pantaragoo Road, Balindong

Completed

B. Repair / Improvement: 1. Lumbayanague-Wago Provincial Road

Completed

2. Lumbayanague-Nanagun Provincial Road

Completed

3. Lumbayanague-Butig Provincial Road

On-going

4. Daguan-Kapatagan Provincial Road, Kapatagan

Completed

5. Kapatagan-Balabagan Provincial Road

On-going

6. Miniros Provincial Road, Lumbayanague

On-going

Source: PEO 2007

Regarding infrastructures on bridges, the DPWH recorded 38 bridges in the 1st congressional district of the province. Majority of the bridges are located along the MarawiMasiu road with a total of 22 bridges. Other bridges in the 1st district can be found in the Mulondo-Wao road, Mulondo-Kibaritan Section, Bumbaran-Talakag Section, and in WaoBumbaran Section. At the eastern side of the province moving to the southern part there are 8 bridges located along the Bukidnon boundary-North Cotabato boundary section. In terms of length, the Pantar Bridge along the boundary of the province and the Province of Lanao del

117

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Norte is the longest bridge in the province with a total length of 73.152 linear meters. The shortest bridge is located in the Municipality of Taraka with a length of only 7.85 linear meters.

Table 67: Bridges Along the National Roads , 1 st Congressional District, Lanao del Sur NAME OF BRIDGES/ SECTION

KM. STA.

TYPE OF STRUCTURE

LENGTH EACH SPAN

TOTAL LENGTH (M)

1554+260

Steel Truss

1-73.152

73.152

1570+013

RCDG

18.00

1574+962 1577+372 1578+272 1578+862 1579+542 1580+632 1584+342 1585+202 1587+982 1587+362 1587+952 1589+172 1590+282 1591+472 1591+872 1592+392

RCIB RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG SD RCDG RCDG RCDG RCIB RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG SD

1-03.30 1-12.00 1-02.70 2-30.68 1-12.00 1-15.20 2-10.15 1-12.20 1-10.50 1-18.00 1-15.00 1-07.85 1-10.00 1-31.90 1-21.00 1-10.20 1-12.00 1-09.00 1-42.672

61.36 12.00 15.20 20.30 12.20 10.50 18.00 15.00 07.85 10.00 31.90 21.00 10.20 12.00 09.00 42.672

1592+932 1593+522 1594+242 1595+672 1597+272

SD

1-09.00

09.00

SD RCDG RCDG RCDG

1-27.432 1-12.00 1-18.00 2-17.50 2-13.00

27.432 12.00 18.00 61.60 (2-0.30) Backwall

1587+572

RCDG

1-40.00

40.00

I. Iligan - Marawi Road

Pantar Bridge II. Marawi – Masiu Road Puga-an Bridge Ramain Bridge Lumbac Bridge Buntong Bridge Manacab Bridge Sapot Bridge Gata Bridge #1 Mulondo Bridge Sigayan Bridge Taraka Bridge #1 Taraka Bridge #2 Taraka Bridge #3 Lalabuan Bridge Tatayawan Bridge Lumbac-Ingud Bridge Dilausan Bridge Gata Bridge #2 Bansayan Bridge #1 Bansayan Bridge #2 Bubong Bridge Talaguian Bridge Masiu Bridge III. Mulondo-Wao Road A. Mulondo - Maguing Section Bato-bato Bridge

118

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 B. Bumbaran - Talakag Section Aperfort Bridge Mansilano Bridge

1621+954 1623+444

RCDG RCDG

1-16.70 1-15.80

16.70 15.80

C. Wao - Bumbaran Section Kilikili Bridge #1 Somogot Bridge #2 Somogot Bridge #1 Lambanogan Bridge

1604+444 1607+140 1607+220 1614+174

RCDG RCBXC RCDG

1-22.20 1-12.00 1-19.20 1-23.20

22.20 12.00 19.20 23.20

D. Bukidnon Bdry. - North Cotabato Bdry. Road Section Kilikili Bridge #2 Balatin Bridge Capegues Bridge Tuba Bridge Cagamcan Bridge Boot Bridge #1 Boot Bridge #2 Calawaeg Bridge

1604+408 1613+008 1617+919 1618+265 1619+222 1619+997 1621+897 1622+990

RCDG

1-18.00 1-86.04 1-25.20 1-10.00 1-15.20 1-18.00 1-19.20 1-21.00

18.00 86.04 25.20 10.00 15.20 18.00 19.20 21.00

RCDG

RCDG RCDG RCB XC RCB X C

RCDG RCDG RCDG

Source: DPWH- Lanao del Sur

In the 2nd congressional district of the province, majority of the bridges are located at the Municipality of Picong (formerly Sultan Gumander) with a total of 15 bridges and 1 each for the municipalities of Balindong and Tugaya. The longest bridge in the 2 nd district is located at Malabang, the Matling Bridge with a length of 105 linear meters while the shortest bridge is located at the Municipality of Picong, the Durian Bridge with only 6.00 linear meters.

Table 68: Bridges Along the National Roads 2 nd Congressional District, Lanao del Sur NAME OF BRIDGES/ SECTION

KM. STA.

I. Balindong Malaig Bridge II. Tugaya Cadapa-an Bridge IV. Madamba Madamba Bridge I Madamba Bridge II

TYPE OF STRUCTURE

LENGTH EACH SPAN

TOTAL LENGTH (M)

RCDG

14.00

RCDG

18.00

RCDG RCDG

14.00 29.00

119

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 V. Ganassi Ganassi Cabayogan VI. Pualas Gadungan Pualas Bridge I Pualas Bridge II Purog Bridge VII. Lumbatan Lumbatan Bridge VIII. Malabang Balabagan Bridge Matling VIII. Kapatagan Maruan Bridge IX. Balabagan Itel Bridge Kalilangan Bridge Diarong Bridge Purakan Bridge Barorao Bridge

X. Picong Maladug Bridge Miondas Bridge Carasaan Bridge Baraas Bridge Punong Bridge Ramitan Bridge Durian Bridge Malico Bridge Sumbuyanon Bridge Liangan Bridge Danori Bridge Pigcasaran Bridge Maganding Bridge Kabaturan Bridge Micolabo Bridge

RCDG RCDG

13.00 18.00

RCDG Box Culvert RCDG Box Culvert

18.00 9.000 21.000 12.000

RCDG

30.00

Box Culvert RCDG

10.000 105.000

Box Culvert

15.000

RCDG Box Culvert RCDG Box Culvert Box Culvert

27.000 12.000 15.000 9.000 12.000

RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG Box Culvert RCDG Tember RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG STRS

62.000 30.000 22.000 57.000 9.000 45.000 6.000 21.000 18.000 83.000 18.000 24.000 45.000 24.000 75.15

Source: DPWH- Lanao del Sur 120

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Comparing the two districts of the province, the 1st district has more bridges than the 2nd district owing to the geographical difference of the two. In the first district, majority of bridges are located along the “Basak Area�, the lowland and flat portion of the province while in the 2 nd district municipalities belong to the upland part of the province.

7.1.3 PORTS AND WHARVES:

There are strategic ports in the places as shown in table 69 which can be developed for domestic transports and for convenience of the fisherfolks in transporting their products to the market.

Table 69: Ports in the City / Municipalities:

City / Municipalities

Number of Ports 5 3 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 24

Marawi City Ditsaan Ramain Tamparan Mulondo Masiu Lumbatan Bayang Binidayan Ganassi Bacolod Kalawi Marantao Tugaya Picong Malabang Balabagan Kapatagan Total Source DPWH

7.1.4 AIRPORTS:

There are also available airports in the municipalities of Wao and Malabang. Malabang airport is not yet operational while Wao airport is under construction. 121

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 7.2 WATER RESOURCES / SYSTEM:

The major water source for consumption and households need is the Lake Lanao itself. Only the City of Marawi is supplied with pressured pump water supply but could not reach some of the Barangays in an elevated location. People from these Barangays used to have their water supply through personal water pumps or deep wells.

The municipalities situated in elevated areas are having their water supply from the available springs and wells. Some concerned government agencies are presently implementing spring development and construction of deep wells projects. On record, 960 Barangays have been provided with deep wells and shallow wells by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) in 1993 another 77 deep wells and 17 shallow wells were constructed

in

1996. These figures may have doubled or even tripled since deep wells and spring development have been the favorite projects of both national and local public officials.

There are a few municipalities, particularly the municipalities of Bacolod Kalawi, Madalum, Madamba (along the national highways) and Ganassi, which are supplied with 3rd level gravity feed water supply. Part of the municipality of Calanogas along the national highway is also supplied with gravity feed water supply. Some of the municipalities at the eastern side of the province; namely the municipalities of Bubong, Buadipuso, and Ditsaan Ramain are also supplied with gravity feed water supply.

Nevertheless, the provincial government has recorded 11 major water system projects in 18 municipalities for the year 2002. The water system projects are mostly spring development.

7.3 COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS:

There are several communication systems available in the province, namely: telegraph, post mail, two-way radio, radio, television, cellphone, internet and local cable.

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Private telephone companies, particularly Globe and Smart are serving the province through the installation of various cell sites. Presently, majority of the municipalities can be reached through either of the two giant cell phone companies.

Post mail is also available in the province that facilitates communications through letters. There are municipalities where the Philippine Postal Corporation (PPC) has existing office to speed up the delivery of postal mail on time.

Radio and television stations in the province are concentrated in the City of Marawi. There are (3) radio stations operating in the City with signal range that reach the entire municipalities of the province except those in the coastal areas of Malabang, Balabagan, Kapatagan and Picong. Aside from the television stations that reach the different municipalities, two (2) Cable Antenna Television (CTV) stations are also operating in the City of Marawi serving the residents of the Marawi City and MSU-Marawi Campus, respectively.

Table 70: Radio/TV and Cable TV

NAME OF FACILITIES Radio DXAD DXSO DXSM Cable TV MCTV, Inc. Lanao Cable TV Marvision Successor Cable Lanao Cable Branch III

LOCATION

NO. OF FACILITIES 3

Marawi City Marawi City Marawi City 5 Marawi City MSU, Marawi City Marantao Bacolod Grande Malabang

Source: Marawi Cable TV, Marawi City

The most popular communication system available in the province is the two-way radio or VHF though only a few are registered with NTC. The actual number of two-way radio in the province has not been ascertained but is estimated to a ratio of 5:1, for every 5 houses at least 1 VHF is available. Two-way radio of high frequency is also available in the province that can

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 reach as far as Bukidnon province, Cotabato province, Pagadian City, and in some parts of Maguindanao and South Cotabato.

7.4 ENERGY AND ELECTRIFICATION / POWER SUPPLY:

The Lake Lanao that drains through the 26 kilometers Agus River serves as the major source of power supply of the mainland Mindanao. Two of the seven power generating plants of the National Power Corporation (NPC) are located in the province; the Agus I Hydroelectric Power Plant with a rated capacity of 80 megawatts is located right at the center of Marawi City. The other one is the Agus II Power Plant located at the Municipality of Saguiaran with a rated capacity of 120 megawatts. Two power sub-stations of the NPC are also located in the province, the Saduc Power Sub-station located at Saduc Marawi City and the Bubong Power Sub-station located at the Municipality of Bubong.

The Lanao del Sur Electric Cooperative (LASURECO) supplies the household power requirements of the constituents of the province. As of December 2007, out of the 1,129 Barangays only 892 were energized which is equivalent to 79%. With respect to household connections, only 49,074 households out of the102,950 potential consumers were energized representing 48%. Table 71: Status of Electrification, As of December 2007 CITY / MUNICIPALITY 1. Buadipuso Buntong 2. Bubong 3. Bumbaran * 4. Ditsaan Ramain 5. Kapai 6. Lumba Bayabao 7. Maguing 8. Marantao 9. Marawi City 10. Masiu 11. Mulondo 12. Piagapo 13. Poona Bayabao

No. of Coverage Barangays

No. of Energized Barangays

Percentage Energized Barangays

Total Potential Consumers

S ervice Connection

Percentage Energized Consumers

33 37 33 21 38 34 36 98 35 26 37 25

30 33 33 16 33 32 32 96 34 23 28 18

90% 89% 100% 76% 87% 94% 89% 98% 97% 88% 77% 72%

2,055 2,212 2,283 1,907 3,469 2,547 3,748 18,356 3,182 1,858 3,035 2,118

629 1,080 1,143 389 785 881 2,102 13,102 1,267 630 1,064 1,069

30% 48% 50% 20% 23% 35% 56% 71% 40% 34% 35% 50%

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37.

Saguiaran Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Wao * Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Butig Calanogas Ganassi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Malabang Marogong Pagayawan Picong Pualas

31 24 21 17 44 44 43 27 26 24 27 18 38 36 49 49 26 15 16 10 17 13 33 31 15 6 9 8 19 16 22 15 37 17 24 13 37 29 24 6 19 16 21 11 23 19 38. Sultan Domalondong 11 5 39. Tubaran 21 5 40. Tugaya 23 23 TOTAL 1,129 892 Source: Lanao del Sur Electric Cooperati ve (LASURECO)

77% 80% 100% 63% 92% 67% 95% 100% 58% 62% 76% 93% 40% 89% 84% 68% 46% 54% 78% 25% 84% 52% 82% 45% 23% 100% 79%

2,856 1,300 2,639 2,785 2,389 2,681 2,702 2,826 2,465 3,498 1,645 2,408 1,456 463 2,092 2,580 2,289 1,653 5,074 2,002 1,339 1,713 1,109 1,050 1,349 1,817 102,950

1,070 150 1,221 835 871 1,683 1,888 830 892 714 620 1,465 909 233 1,025 874 550 460 3,537 117 693 849 961 247 720 1,036 49,074

37% 12% 46% 30% 36% 63% 70% 29% 36% 14% 38% 60% 62% 50% 49% 33% 24% 28% 69% 6% 51% 50% 87% 23% 53% 57% 48%

* The municipalities of Bumbaran and Wao are under the Bukidnon Electric Cooperative. In addition, the status of electrification of the three (3) municipalities under the administrative supervision of the provincial government of Lanao del Norte are not included.

It may be important to note that even as Lake Lanao is the source of power supply in mainland Mindanao, the people of Lanao do not enjoy the same low power rate of the other provinces. The services of the LASURECO are very poor in terms of maintenance and power distribution. The occurrence of power failure happens everyday and or anytime of the day which is discouraging to any form of economic activity that requires power supply or electricity.

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER VIII ADMINISTRATIVE MACHINERY AND RELATED INSTITUTIONS 8.1 ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT PROFILE: A. The Executive Department The executive department comprises the Provincial Information Office in charge in the dissemination of public information, the Provincial Administrator’s Office, under the direct supervision of Engr. Mocamad M. Raki-in, Sr., which manages administration-related programs, the Personnel Division which mobilizes and monitors the human resources, the Legal Office which provides legal assistance and support to the LGU and the Office of the Governor which exercises general supervision and control over all programs, projects, services and activities of the provincial government. Table 72: Number of Personnel by Offices under the Executive Department:

OFFICE

NO. OF REGULAR PERSONNEL

NO. OF UTILITY WORKERS

NO. OF CASUAL EMPLOYEES

50

9

32

9

Office of the Governor Project Management Office

12

Provincial Information Office

9

1

Provincial Administrator’s Office

16

2

Provincial Attorney’s Office

9

1

50

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Public Library & People’s Park

22

4

Provincial Livelihood Training Center

45

1

B. The Administrative Department

The administrative department includes the offices of the budget officer, accountant, cashier, assessor, treasurer, agriculturist, general services officer, architect, cooperative officer, provincial engineering, planning and development coordinator and other newly created offices.

Table 73: Number of Personnel by offices under the Administrative Departments:

OFFICE

NO. OF REGULAR PERSONNEL 16

NO. OF UTILITY WORKERS

NO. OF CASUAL EMPLOYEES

1

6

Provincial Accountant’s Office

24

1

10

Provincial Treasurer’s Office

45

2

11

Provincial Assessor’s Office

29

1

Provincial Agriculturist’s Office

28

2

Provincial General Services Office

23

2

Provincial Architect’s Office

6

1

3

Provincial Cooperative Office

8

1

8

Provincial Budget Office

25

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Provincial Planning & Development Office

22

2

Provincial Engineer’s Office

126

4

Provincial Health Office

7

1

7

Provincial Social Welfare and Development Office

8

1

12

Provincial Security Force

129

1

43

Provincial Environmental and Natural Resources Office

18

1

7

Table 74: Proposed Additional Personnel under the Administrative Departments :

NO. OF ADDITIONAL PERSONNEL

SALARY GRADE

2

15

P 175,560.00

1

18

P209,100.00

Administrative Division B-18 Administrative Officer III

1

14

P165,612.00

Programming & Planning E-09 Engineer III

1

19

P221,652.00

OFFICE

ANNUAL RATE

Office of the Provincial Budget Officer Budget Officer II

Office of the Provincial Accountant Administrative Officer V

Office of the Provincial Engineer

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 E-10 Engineer IV

1

22

P254,112.00

Roads & Maintenance Division G-15 Engineer II

1

16

P186,096.00

1

12

P147,408.00

4

4

P 86,088.00

Equipment Pool Division I-10 Engineer I Heavy Equipment Operator

C. The Legislative Department

The Sangguniang Panlalawigan Building houses the Office of the Vice Governor, Office of the SP Members and the Office of the SP Secretary with a total of 39 personnel and 29 organized standing committees.

CHAIRMEN AND MEMBERS STANDING COMMITTEES SANGGUNIANG PANLALAWIGAN 2007 - 2010 FIRST DISTRICT: 1. COMMITTEE ON HEALTH & SOCIAL WELFARE Chairman : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder Vice-Chairman : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom Members : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray 2. COMMITTEE ON WOMEN AND FAMILY AFFAIRS Chairman : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder Vice Chairman : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray Members : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado 129

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig 3. PEACE & ORDER, PUBLIC SAFETY, AND ANTI-DRUGS Chairman : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Vice Chairman : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip Members : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder 4. COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES Chairman : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Vice Chairman : Hon. Samim R. Usman Members : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano 5. COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND APPROPRIATION Chairman : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Vice Chairman : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip Members : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III 6. COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION Chairman : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Vice Chairman : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom Members : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder 7. COMMITTEE ON WAYS & MEANS Chairman : Hon. Ashary S. Diron Vice Chairman : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano Members : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding 130

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 8. COMMITTEE ON COMMUNITY AFFAIRS AND PUBLIC RELATIONS Chairman : Hon. Ashary S. Diron Vice Chairman : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray Members : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III 9. COMMITTEE ON LABOR Chairman : Hon. Vice Chairman : Hon. Members : Hon. : Hon. : Hon. : Hon. : Hon.

Kamal P. Macasundig Samim R. Usman Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Macapandi S. Mindalano Mamintal R. Adiong, III Morsalim A. Tominoray Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder

10. COMMITTEE ON LANDED ESTATE AND MANAGEMENT Chairman : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig Vice Chairman : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong Members : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado SECOND DISTRICT: 11. COMMITTEE ON PEACE AND ORDER, PUBLIC SAFETY AND ANTI-DRUGS Chairman : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip Vice Chairman : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Members : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Macapandi M. Marohom 12. COMMITTEE ON GOOD GOVERNMENT, PUBLIC ETHICS & ACCOUNTABILITY Chairman : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip Vice Chairman : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Members : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray 131

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III 13. COMMITTEE ON CULTURE HERITAGE Chairman : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray Vice Chairman : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder Members : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip 14. COMMITTEE ON TRADE, COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY Chairman : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray Vice Chairman : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder Members : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig 15. COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE Chairman : Hon. Samim R. Usman Vice Chairman : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig Members : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III 16. COMMITTEE ON MUSLIM AFFAIRS Chairman : Hon. Samim R. Usman Vice Chairman : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Members : Hon. Kamal P Macasundig : Hon Macapandi S. Mindalano : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado 17. COMMITTEE ON SPORTS DEVELOPMENT AND AMUSEMENT Chairman : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano Vice Chairman : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Members : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig 132

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 18. COMMITTEE ON COOPERATIVE Chairman : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano Vice Chairman : Hon. Ashary S. Diron Members : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip 19. COMMITTEE ON TOURISM Chairman : Hon. Vice Chairman : Hon. Members : Hon. : Hon. : Hon. : Hon. : Hon.

Abdulkarim M. Marohom Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Morsalim A. Tominoray Ashary S. Diron Macapandi S. Mindalano Abdulrashid A. Balindong

20. COMMITTEE ON RULES AND PRIVILEGES Chairman : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom Vice Chairman : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Members : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig 21. COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS & HIGHWAYS, TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATION (1st DISTRICT) Chairman : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado Vice Chairman : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong Members : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding : Hon. Samin R. Usman : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder 22. COMMITTEE ON COUNCILORS’ AFFAIRS Chairman : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado Vice Chairman : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III Members : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip 133

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 23. COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS & HIGHWAYS, TRANSPORTATION & COMMUNICATION (2nd DISTRICT) Chairman : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong Vice Chairman : Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Members : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Samim R. Usman : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder 24. COMMITTEE ON COUNCILORS’ AFFAIRS (2 nd DISTRICT) Chairman : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong Vice Chairman : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado Members : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig 25. COMMITTEE ON NON-MUSLIM & OTHER INDIGENOUS SECTORS Chairman : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III Vice Chairman : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom Members : Hon. Ashary S. Diron : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip : Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. : Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray 26. COMMITTEE ON KABATAAN AFFAIRS Chairman : Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III Vice Chairman : Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom Members : Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder : Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong : Hon. Tohamy L. Domado : Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig : Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano 27. COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGTHS 28. COMMITTEE ON APPOINTMENTS 29. COMMITTEE ON LEGAL AND ADJUDICATION Chairman : Hon. RPK Arsad Al. Marohombsar Members : All SP Members ( The function of the Committee on Legal and adjudication is delegated to a Hearing Officer, the Secretary to the Sangguniang Panlalawigan).

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 D. LGU Mandated Services and Functions: LGUs are primarily responsible for the delivery of the following services and functions within their respective jurisdictions: 1. Agricultural extension and

on-site research services and

facilities which include

prevention and control of plant and animal pests and diseases, establishment of artificial insemination centers and assistance in the organization of farmers’ and fishermen’s cooperatives and other collective organizations, as well as the transfer of appropriate technology; 2. Enforcement of forestry laws, pollution control law, small-scale mining law and other laws on the protection of the environment and mini-hydro-electric projects for local purposes; 3. Health services which include hospitals and other tertiary health services; 4. Programs and projects for low-cost housing and other mass dwellings; 5. Infrastructure facilities intended to serve the needs of the residents of the province and which are funded out of provincial funds including, but not limited to local roads and bridges, inert-municipal waterworks, drainage and sewerage, flood control, irrigation systems, reclamation projects and other similar facilities; 6. Social welfare services which include relief operations and population development services; 7. Inter-municipal telecommunications services subject to national policy guidelines; 8. Tourism development and promotion programs; 9. Upgrading and modernization of tax information and collection services through the use of computer hardware, software and other means, industrial research and development services as well as the transfer of appropriate technology and investment support services including access to credit financing.

LGU Mandated Special Bodies: Provincial Development Council Provincial Prequalification, Bids and Awards Committee (PPBAC) Provincial School Board 135

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Provincial Health Board Provincial Peace and Order Council Directory of the Provincial Government and National Line Agencies: A. ELECTED OFFICIALS: Governor

------------

Hon. Mamintal Alonto Adiong, Jr.

Vice Governor

------------

Hon. RPK Arsad A. Marohombsar

------------

Hon. Aisah D. Dianalan-Munder

SP Members: District I

Hon. Roosevelt R. Radiaganding Hon. Alexander G. Alonto, Jr. Hon. Kamal P. Macasundig Hon. Ashary S. Diron District II

------------

Hon. Abdulkarim M. Marohom Hon. Macapandi S. Mindalano Hon. Samin R.Usman Hon. Macasidar S. Sarip Hon. Morsalim A. Tominoray

Liga ng Mga Barangay

-

Hon. Abdulrashid A. Balindong - LIGA

Councilor’s League President

-

Hon. Tohamy L. Domado

SK Federation President

-

Hon. Mamintal R. Adiong, III - SKF

- PCL

B. APPOINTED/DESIGNATED OFFICIALS: Provincial Administrator

-

Engr. Mocamad M. Raki-in, Sr.

Chief of Staff

-

Atty. Aminoden Macalandap

Provincial Attorney

-

Atty. Lomala Balindong

Park Superintendent

-

Saadoding Sumdad

Prov’l. Information Officer

-

Nasser M. Ganda

Prov’l. Livelihood Training Center Manager

-

Asniah Al. Adiong 136

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Prov’l. Budget Officer

-

Monabae M. Macapa-ar - Acting

Prov’l. Accountant

-

Norhanna L. Sumandar - Acting

Prov’l. Treasurer

-

Sultan Sambitory B. Pundogar

Prov’l. Cashier

-

Amerodin S. Sani - Acting

Prov’l. Assessor

-

Dr. Gonaranao U. Mapandi, Jr. - Acting

Prov’l. Agriculturist

-

Engr. Mohamadali Macaraya

Prov’l. Veterinarian

-

Dr. Mambayanto Macabangkit

Prov’l. Auditor

-

Normallah M. Arobinto

SP Secretary

-

Atty. Cosain Macarambon

General Services Officer

-

Sahara Malawani - Acting

Prov’l. Architect

-

Engr. Magadapa Yasser T. Adiong, Jr.

PPDO Coordinator

-

Engr. Cairoding P. Riga, D.M.

Provincial Engineer

-

Mamintal Al. Adiong, Jr. (Concurrent)

Prov’l. Health Officer

-

Dr. Mangoda Dima, Jr.

Prov’l. Social Welfare & Dev’t -

Dayamon T. Lucman - Acting

PSF Chief-at-Large

-

Datu Akirah I. Alonto

Prov’l. Warden

-

Datu Mona Usman

PENRO Officer

-

Tatar Boriongan - Acting

Prov’l. Cooperative Officer

-

Abdulgaffar “Musa” Diamla

Prov’l. Ulamah Council Chairman - Aleem Jamel Pandapatan Prov’l. Council of Elders chairman- Hadji Alawi Rasuman Philippine National Red Cross -

Bae Raifa R. Adiong

C. PROVINCIAL LINE AGENCIES (Lanao del Sur-ARMM) Dep’t. of Agriculture/Fisheries

- Dir. Pangalian “Alexie” A. Balindong, Jr.

Department of Health (IPHO)

- Dr. Alinader Minalang

Dep’t. of Public Works & Highway- Engr. Titingalangit Sumagayan Department of Education I

- Dr. Sangcad Benito – Acting

Department of Education II

- Zenaida Ampatua

Dep’t. of Social Welfare & Dev’t. I - Liamen L. Lucman - Acting Dep’t. of Social Welfare & Dev’t. II- Corine Tabua 137

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Dep’t. of Interior and Local Gov’t - Haroun Al-Rashid A. Lucman, Jr. Dep’t. of Env’t. & Nat’l. Resources - Malik Pangandamun Department of Agrarian Reform

- Mesug P. Unda

Dep’t. of Trade and Industry

- Cabili Arobinto

Land Transportation Office

- Sibana M. Datumanong

Philippine National Police

- Col. Paniaris Adap

National Irrigation Authority

- Engr. Alibsar Mama

8.2 FISCAL MANAGEMENT / FISCAL RESOURCES: The following table shows the certified statement of income and summary of expenditures of the provincial government of Lanao del Sur based on the experienced economic conditions and subsisting tax ordinances. Table 75: Certified Statement of Income (General Fund):

PARTICULARS

1.0 Beginning Balance

BUDGET YEAR ESTIMATE (2006)

BUDGET YEAR ESTIMATE (2007)

BUDGET YEAR ESTIMATE (2008)

-0___________

-0____________

-0____________

-04,362,060.00 1,200.00 -06,150,000.00

-04,362,060.00 1,200.00 -06,150,000.00

-04,362,060.00 1,200.00 -06,150,000.00

1,050,000.00

1,050,000.00

1,050,000.00

105,000.00

105,000.00

105,000.00

----------11,668,260.00 -----------

---------11,668,260.00 ----------

---------11,668,260.00 ----------

2.0 Income 2.1 TAX REVENUE 2.1.1 Capital Gain Taxes 2.1.2 Franchise Tax 2.1.3 Professional Tax 2.1.4 Community Tax 2.1.5 Real Property Tax - Current Year 2.1.6 Real Property Tax - Preceding Year 2.1.7 Real Property Tax Penalty

TOTAL TAX REVENUE 2.2 OTHER GENERAL INCOME 2.2.1 Internal revenue Allotment

680,576,554.00 769,137,273.00 769,620,427.00 138

Provincial Planning and Development Office

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Socio-Economic Profile 2007 2.2.2 Local Government Shares in the Proceeds from Development and Utilization of the National Wealth 2.2.3 10% of ORT-ARMM 2.2.4 Miscellaneous Income Total Other General Income TOTAL INCOME (2.1 to 2.2) TOTAL AVAILABLE RESOURCES (1.0 + 2.0)

4,500,608.00

4,500,608.00

14,800,000.00 14,800,000.00 14,800,000.00 1,000,000.00 -0-0----------- ----------- ----------700,877,162.00 788,437,881.00 788,921,035.00 712,545,422.00 800,106,141.00 800,589,295.00 ----------- ----------- ----------712,545,422.00 800,106,141.00 800,589,295.00

3.0 Less: Continuing Appropriations 4.0 NET AVAILABLE RESOURCES FOR APPROPRIATIONS

4,500,608.00

-0-

-0-

-0-

712,545,422.00 800,106,141.00 800,589,295.00

Table 76: Summary of Expenditures (FY 2007)

OFFICES

PERSONAL SERVICES

MOOE

CAPITAL OUTLAY

TOTAL

Provincial Governor

56,137,110.60

13,481,139.00

675,000.00

70,293,249.60

Provincial Warden

6,676,668.20

1,053,940.00

100,000.00

7,830,608.2

Provincial Security Force

24,107,335.72

685,000.00

100,000.00

24,892,335.72

Sangguniang Panlalawigan

45,853,787.88

5,273,000.00

200,000.00

51,326,787.88

Planning and Dev’t Office

5,360,077.80

642,000.00

100,000.00

6,102,077.80

Provincial General Services

5,143,377.84

1,818,000.00

200,000.00

7,161,377.84

Provincial Budget

4,484,192.08

890,000.00

100,000.00

5,474,192.08

Provincial Accountant

6,122,319.80

1,122,000.00

50,000.00

7,294,319.80

Provincial Treasurer

11,844,361.86

2,059,000.00

50,000.00

13,953,361.86

139

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Provincial Assessor

8,580,747.52

580,000.00

44,000.00

9,204,747.52

Provincial Information

2,161,396.28

1,561,000.00

100,000.00

3,822,396.28

Provincial Attorney

3,249,434.92

468,000.00

100,000.00

3,817,434.92

Provincial Auditor

-0-

575,000.00

53,000.00

628,000.00

Provincial Health Office

2,356,615.80

721,000.00

100,000.00

3,177,615.80

Provincial Agriculturist

7,116,743.64

732,000.00

150,000.00

7,998,743.64

Provincial Environment and Natural Resources

4,015,677.88

479,000.00

90,000.00

4,584,677.88

Provincial Architect

2,115,331.80

255,000.00

100,000.00

2,470,331.8

Provincial Engineer

41,632,072.67

Provincial Cooperative

2,266,794.98

476,000.00

125,000.00

2,867,794.98

Provincial Social Welfare and Dev’t

2,397,495.12

476,000.00

150,000.00

3,023,495.12

Monitoring OfficeManila

2,325,890.28

919,000.00

140,000.00

3,384,890.28

Provincial Veterinarian

2,388,406.96

160,000.00

660,000.00

3,208,406.96

TOTAL

234,459,325.00 44,489,786.27

246,335,839.43 268,935,404.00 47,876,786.27

320,581,183.94

563,148,029.70 (555,853,710.10)

BUDGETARY REQUIREMENTS

177,702,032.10

80% NATIONAL WEALTH TO LOWER POWER COST

3,600,486.40

TOTAL INCOME FOR FY 2007

614,587,497.00

140

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER IX GLOSSARY OF TERMS Age-Dependency Ratio – ratio of persons in the dependent ages (generally under age 15 and over age 64 years) to those economically productive ages in a population. Agricultural Land – refers to areas which are extensively used for production of agricultural crops. Alienable and Disposable Land – pertains to those lands of classification and declared as not needed for forest purposes. Appropriation – refers to an authorization made by ordinance, directing the payment of goods and services from local government funds under specified conditions on specific purposes. Contraceptive Prevalence Rate – percentage of men and women currently using a family planning method among married men and women in the reproductive ages (15 – 49 years old). Crude Birth Rate – the annual number of live births in a given population divided by the midyear population that is expressed per 1,000 population. Crude Death Rate – the annual number of deaths in a given population divided by the midyear population that is expressed per 1,000 population. Electricity – refers to both naturally-occuring electrical phenomena, such as lightning and static electricity, and to generate electricity which takes the form of direct current or alternating current electric power. Electrification – the provision of dependable and adequate electric services to a franchised area. Establishment – is an economic unit under single ownership or control which engages in one or predominantly one kind of economic activity at a fixed location. Fiscal Management – refers to the systematic management and policy employed in the collection and utilization of public revenues and debts repayments. Fiscal Resources – refers to the monetary sources of revenues and receipts of the government. Fishing Ground – a body of water (artificial or natural) where fish and other aquatic products are cultured, raised or cultivated under controlled condition. Forest Land – refers to an area where trees cover at least 10% of the land and must be at least an acre in size.

141

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Government Hospital – it is a hospital operated and maintained partially or wholly by the national, provincial, municipal and city government or other political subdivision, board or other agency. Household Population – refers to number of persons living under the same roof, whether they are related or not. Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) – the number of deaths among children below one year old per 1,000 livebirths at a specified period of time; IMR used as a general indicator of the nutritional and health status of the population. Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) – an LGU’s share in the proceeds of national taxes. Land Use – the manner of utilizing the land, including its allocation, development and management. Level I (Point Source) – a protected well or a developed spring with an outlet but without distribution system. Level II (Command Faucet System) – a system composed of a source, a reservoir, a pipe distribution network and communal faucets. Level III (Waterworks System or Individual House Connections) – a system with a source, a reservoir, a piped distribution network and hosehold taps. LGU Expenditures – refers to the government expenses including current or operating expenses such as salaries and other compensation of government employees and capital expenses like costs of putting up infrastructure projects and other related structures. LGU Income – covers all revenues and receipts collected or received, forming the gross accretions of funds of the government. Life Expectancy – average number of years of life remaining to persons of given ages on the basis of current age-specific mortality rates. Life Expectancy at Birth – average number of years a new born person is expected to live, given the mortality condition at time of birth. Literacy Rate – the percentage of the population who can read and write a simple message in any language or dialect classified by sex. Live Birth – is the complete expulsion / extraction from its mother of a product of conception. Irrespective of the duration of the pregnancy, which after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached; each product of such birth is considered liveborn. 142

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Maternal Mortality Rate – the number of deaths among women, 15 – 49 years old, from pregnancy-related causes per 100,000 live births in a given period. Morbidity by Leading Causes – morbidity is any departure, subjective or objective from a stage of psychological well-being. Morbidity Rates – the number of reported illness from a specific leading cause expressed as percentage of the total number of illness from all causes. Mortality Rate – is a measure of the extent to which a population is being depleted through deaths. Municipal Roads – refers to roads / streets within the Poblacion area of a municipality to be designated as such by the Sangguniang Bayan. Nutritional Status – the condition of the body resulting from the intake, absorption and utilization of food and from factors of pathological significance. Percent of Births Attended by Health Personnel – the number of births attended by health personnel expressed as a percentage of the total number of births in a given period. Percentage Distribution of Households by Type of Garbage Disposal – the number of households by type of garbage disposal expressed as a percentage of the total number of households. Population – as a statistical data variable, every unit or member with in a given universe, area or space. As a demographic variable, every individual within a given geographical area. Population Density – refers to the number of persons per unit of land area (in square kilometers). Population Growth Rate – is the rate of which a population increases / decreases in size usually expressed in yearly percentage. Potable Water – water that is satisfactory for drinking, culinary and domestic purposes and meets the requirements of the health authority having jurisdiction (Plumbing Code). Poverty Incidence – proportion of families / population with income below the poverty threshold. Poverty Threshold – minimum income needed by a family / individual to satisfy almost 100 percent of nutritional requirements and other basic needs. Power – the rate of which energy is consumed in a circuit. Power Generation – conversion of primary sources of energy into electric energy. 143

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 Prevalence Rate (PR) – measures the proportion of the population which exhibits a particular disease at a particular time. This can be determined following a survey of a population concerned. Deals with total (old and new) number of cases. Provincial Roads – refer to roads connecting one municipality; all roads extending from a municipality or from a provincial or national road to a public wharf and any other road to be designated as such by the Sangguniang Panlalawigan. Public Land – refers to land owned in common by all, represented by the government. Reforestation – is the restocking of existing forests and woodlands which have been depleted. It also refers to the process of restoring and recreating areas of woodlands or forest that once existed but were removed or destroyed. Rural – term relating to villages, small towns, and provinces which have relatively less or an absence of infrastructure and utility services and an income below national or urban areas. Solar Drier – a pavement used in drying crops thru solar energy. Urban – a physically delineated area, e.g. city, in an economy which has reached a desired level of income and infrastructure / utility services like power, water, roads and communications. Wage / Salary – the amount of pay given to an employee which may be computed per hour, week, month, or per unit of work. Water supply – refers to the supply of water for domestic, industries and commercial uses. Watershed – the line which follows the ridges or summits forming the exterior boundary of a drainage basin and which separates one drainage basin from another.

144

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 CHAPTER X ACRONYMS A&D

Alienable and Disposable Land

ARMM

Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao

AIP

Annual Investment Program

APGR

Annual Population Growth Rate

BSWM

Bureau of Soils and Water Management

CIP

Communal Irrigation Project

CLUP

Comprehensive Land Use Plan

CLPI

Core Local Poverty Indicators

CPH

Census on Population and Housing

DepEd

Department of Education

DENR

Department of Environment and Natural Resources

DILG

Department of the Interior and Local Government

DOH

Department of Health

DOTC

Department of Transportation and Communications

DPWH

Department of Public Works and Highways

DSWD

Department of Social Welfare and Development

DTI

Department of Trade and Industry

EMB

Environmental Management Bureau

FAP

Foreign Assisted Project

FIES

Family Income and Expenditure Survey

HH

Household Head

IRA

Internal Revenue Allotment

LDC

Local Development Council

LDIP

Local Development Investment Program

LGC

Local Government Code

LGU

Local Government Unit

NSCB

National Statistical Coordination Board

NEDA

National Economic and Development Authority 145

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur


Socio-Economic Profile 2007 NDHS

National Demographic and Health Survey

NFPP

National Framework for Physical Planning

NG

National Government

NGO

Non-Government Organization

NHA

National Housing Authority

NIA

National Irrigation Authority

NIPAS

National Integrated Protected Areas System

NPC

National Power Corporation

NSO

National Statistics Office

PAGASA

Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical, and Astronomical Services Administration

PD

Presidential Decree

PDC

Provincial DevelopmentCouncil

PG

Provincial Government

PHIVOLCS

Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology

PHS

Philippine Health Statistics

PopCom

Commission on Population

PopDev

Population and Development

PPAs

Programs, Projects, and Activities

PPDO

Provincial Planning and Development Office

SEP

Socio-Economic Profile

TWG

Technical Working Group

UNFPA

United Nations Populations Fund

146

Provincial Planning and Development Office

Province of Lanao del Sur

Socio Economic Profile  

Socio Economic Profile of Lanao del Sur, Autonomous Region in Mulim Mindanao

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