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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1.1 Historical Background The province of Lanao del Sur was created by virtue of Republic Act No. 2228 on May 27, 1959, dividing the unified Lanao Province into two (2) provinces: Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur. Lanao del Sur was officially created on July 4, 1959 with twenty five (25) municipalities including Dansalan, now Marawi City as the capital town. During the Martial Law years, Presidential Decree No. 742 was issued by the late President Ferdinand Marcos, creating Region XII, with Lanao del Sur as one of the five (5) provinces comprising the region. This Decree was part of the government policy of reconciliation and negotiated settlement with the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). The failure of both the Philippine Government and MNLF to agree on the terms, conditions and the mechanics in implementing the Tripoli Agreement signed in Tripoli, Libya on December 10, 1976 lead to the issuance of Proclamation No. 0628 by the late Pres. Marcos on March 25, 1977, declari ng autonomy in Southern Philippines, embracing the 13 provinces which includes the province of Lanao del Sur as mentioned in the Tripoli Agreement. However, this was subject to a referendum which shall determine the manner by which the people of the areas of autonomy wishes to recognize themselves administratively in accordance with the constitution of the Philippines and the formula proposed by Col. Muamar Al-Khadaffy of Libya. The plebiscite held on April 17, 1997 did not include all the 13 provinces intended for the Autonomy Government due to the refusal of some of the provinces mentioned to be an integral part of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). When Corazon C. Aquino became the President of the Republic thru the historic EDSA Revolution on February 26, 1986, a Regional Commission was organized to draft the Philippine Constitution, providing among others the creation of the ARMM. The plebiscite held on February 19, 1989 made Lanao del Sur, along with three (3) other provinces, part of the Autonomous Government for having voted in favor of inclusion, while the city of Marawi which is the capital of the province, refused to be a part of the ARMM. However, on the April 14, 2001 plebiscite for the expanded ARMM, Marawi City, along with Basilan became an integral part of

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 ARMM for voting in favor of inclusion. Therefore, Marawi City became the only city under the Autonomous Government. The culture, beliefs and practices of the people of the province of Lanao del Sur has remained intact despite the social trappings of modernity introduced by the more progressive western cultures. Even the political changes that had affected the province have not deterred it from continuing to be the center of Islamic activity in the country. Major Islamic decisions affecting the Muslims emanate from the province. This includes political decisions. The “TARITIB” and “IJMA” is still present and is a part of the governing system of laws and of public order in the province, regulating the socio-cultural affairs of the “PAT A PANGAMPONG” Sultanate States. The term “Meranao” is derived from the word “Ranao” which means “Lake”. Thus, the term “Meranao”, the natives of the province, means “People of the Lake”. Presently, the province is politically subdivided into two (2) congressional districts both under the administrative supervision of the Provincial Governor. The 1 st District has 17 municipalities and Marawi City, while the 2nd District has 22 municipalities, including Lumbaca Unayan, a newly created municipality under MMA Act No. 106 on November 28, 2004. Based on the Joint Certificate of Confirmation by the DILG, COMELEC and NSO dated August 24, 2004, the Municipality of Lumbaca Unayan has a total land area of 42.28 square kilometers, a total population of 11,672 and a total of 833 households. The province has a total of 1,158 barangays including Marawi City. The province has a total of 13 government officials who have served as Chief Executive, either elected or appointed since its creation on July 4, 1959. 1.2 Plan Objectives/Content The plan is intended to Rationalize the distribution of population and settlements Protect and maintain the integrity of the environment Optimize the use and utilization of natural and physical resources (2)


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Guide the location and direction of public and private investment in the province

1.3 Coverage of the Plan 1.3.1 Geographical Coverage The political boundaries of the province define the primary level of geographical analysis. Other provinces of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and the country are also included to provide benchmarks in analyses. City and municipality data will be the focus of analysis although barangay-level data may be used, wherever applicable. 1.3.2 Sectoral Coverage The planning environment of the PDPFP includes all major sectors relevant to the development of the province of Lanao del Sur. As much as possible, and in order to establish comparability and context, sectoral data should be consistent with national, regional, city, and municipal data. In terms of the traditional sector, that is the typical template for public sector planning analysis and implementation, the core elements are as follows: Core Element

Sector

Population

Population

Economic Activity

Agriculture, Fisheries, Forestry, Trade, Industry, Services and Tourism

Physical Resources

Environment, Natural Resources, Transport

Income/Access to Services Land Use

Health, Education, Housing, Social Welfare, Public Works, Energy, Security, Other Services and Facilities (for community groups such as the Elderly, Women, Children, IPs, etc.) Physical integration of all sectors

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 1.4 Outline of the Plan The PDPFP is presented and organized as follows: Chapter-I presents the background, objectives, historical coverage, geographical coverage and the sectoral area. Chapter-II discusses the Vision of the Province of Lanao del Sur, reflective of the development aspirations of its political leaders and stakeholders, which is in accord to the perceived role of the province at the regional level and national level in general. Chapter-III deals on planning environment which provides for the description and analyses of the social, economic and physical environment of the province that serves as bases for the identification of development issues/problems, overall goals and objectives, strategies, programs and activities. Chapter-IV narrates the development issues or problems, goals and objectives of the province. Chapter-V logically enumerates the sectoral strategies as well as the spatial strategies, plans, programs and activities that need to be undertaken to address the development issues and problems to attain the Plan’s overall objectives. Chapter-VI is the overall physical framework which discusses the spatial development direction of the province in the next six (6) years, including the roles and functions of its components municipalities.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER II PROVINCIAL DEVELOPMENT VISION VISION AND MISSION STATEMENT: The Provincial Government intends to address development issues and concerns through the effective implementation of the priority development programs and projects that includes priority thrusts and policies of the National Government and Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. VISION STATEMENT

“The Province of Lanao del Sur envisions to have a transparent, responsive, efficient leadership that promote good governance whose community and constituents are healthy, gender sensitive and responsive with a highly competitive and sustainable economy in an environment that is ecologically well managed and pollution free with adequate support infrastructures.”

MISSION STATEMENT

“The Province of Lanao del Sur is committed to provide and revitalize its institution by promoting LGU’s, PO’s, NGO’s effective partnership and efficient fiscal management in a right-sized structure with effective legislation that foster peace “and love among health responsible eco-cultural sensitive people and push for productivity and sustainability of the economy as well as encourage a well manage pollution free environment.”

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER III THE PLANNING ENVIRONMENT 3.1 Location, Land Area, and Political Subdivisions 3.1.1 Location The Province is bounded on the east by the province of Bukidnon, on west by the Illana Bay, on the South by the provinces of Maguindanao and North Cotabato and on the Northern and Northwestern by the Province of Lanao del Norte. It surrounds the basin of Lake Lanao, the largest lake in Mindanao and second largest in the Philippines next to Laguna de Bay. The province can be reached through three (3) major points of entries. On the north, through the 36 kilometers concrete highway from Iligan City, from the south, through the seaport in Malabang and from Cotabato City to Malabang. The province can also be reached through the 137 kilometers road from Cagayan de Oro City Airport passing through the province of Ozamiz Oriental, Iligan City and Lanao del Norte. Figure 1 - Geographical Location:

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 2. Map of the Philippines Showing the ARMM and Lanao del Sur

3.1.2 Land Area The Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao has a total land area of 29,504.23 square kilometers representing about 9.17% of the country’s total land area. Of the region’s total land area, the province of Lanao del Sur occupies the (7)


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 largest part of 13,574.24 square kilometers, followed by the provinces of Maguindanao and Tawi- Tawi with 7,547.20 square kilometers and 3,426.60 square kilometers, respectively. The fourth province in terms of land area is the province of Sulu with 2,251.00 square kilometers and the province of Basilan being the fifth is occupying an area of 2,217.80 square kilometers. The only city (Marawi City) in the ARMM has a land area of 87.55 square kilometers. Table 1: Land Area by Province, Mindanao, ARMM and the Philippines

Area Philippines Mindanao ARMM Lanao del Sur Maguindanao Tawi-tawi Sulu

Land Area (Sq. Kms.) 300,000.00 106,378 29,504.23 13,574,24 7,547.20 3,426.60 2,251.00

% to Region (ARMM)

100 46 26 12 8

Source: DBM year, 2004

The total land area of the province is 13,574.24 square kilometers, including the City of Marawi. This figure is based from the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) records, which is the one of the basis of the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) allocation of the respective municipalities of the province and of the province itself. The average land area of the province is 301 square kilometers and the municipality of Bubong has the largest land area of 798.50 square kilometers which is 5.88 % to the total land area of province. While the Municipality of Lumbaca Unayan and Sultan Domalondong has the smallest land area of 42.28 and 51.35 square kilometers, which are only 0.31% and 0.38% respectively to the total land area of the province. Table 2: Total Land Area and Percentage Share by District and by municipality

District / Municipality

Land Area (Sq. Kms.)

Percentage Share (% )

87.55 578.20 286.26 340.07 568.90 175.56 615.04 435.40 520.52 375.50

0.64 4.26 2.11 2.51 4.19 1.29 4.53 3.21 3.83 2.77

District I Marawi City Lumba Bayabao Wao Piagapo Marantao Masiu Maguing Taraka Tamparan Ditsaan Ramain

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Poona Bayabao Saguiaran Bubong Buadipuso Buntong Kapai Mulondo Bumbaran Tagoloan District II Malabang Balabagan Balindong Madalum Ganassi Bayang Lumbatan Tugaya Picong Butig Calanogas Lumbayanague Binidayan Marogong Bacolod Grande Tubaran Kapatagan Madamba Pagayawan Pualas Sultan Domalondong Lumbaca Unayan TOTAL

280.00 162.80 798.50 154.80 398.60 405.87 544.10 382.35

2.06 1.20 5.88 1.14 2.94 2.99 4.01 2.82

150.00 155.40 290.00 694.94 431.96 230.00 138.39 355.76 277.56 411.49 195.00 218.70 289.58 315.00 491.57 435.00 258.13 477.00 196.37 202.34 51.35 42.28 13,754.24

1.11 1.14 2.14 5.12 3.18 1.69 1.02 2.62 2.04 3.03 1.44 1.61 2.13 2.32 3.62 3.20 1.90 3.51 1.45 1.49 0.38 0.31 100

Source: DENR-LMB/DBM/2004 *Joint COC by DILG, COMELEC & NSO (8/24/04)

3.1.3 Political Subdivision Lanao del Sur is composed of 39 municipalities and one (1) city namely: Marawi City, a component city. It has a total of 1,158 barangays and is divided into two (2) congressional districts, District I and District II. District I is composed of 17 municipalities and Marawi City. District II has 22 municipalities. Table 3 shows the component local areas and number of barangays. Aside from Marawi City, the municipality of Bayang has the biggest number of barangays followed by the municipality of Tamparan with 49 and 44 barangays, respectively. On the other hand, the municipality of Sultan Domalondong and Lumbaca-Unayan represent the lowest number of barangays with 7 and 9 barangays, respectively.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 3: Number of Barangays by District and by Municipality

Municipality

Number of Barangays

First District

Municipality

Number of Barangays

Second District

Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Ditsaan-Ramain Kapai Lumba Bayabao Maguing Marantao Masiu Mulondo Piagapo Poona Bayabao Saguiaran Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Wao Marawi City

33 36 17 34 20 38 34 34 35 26 37 25 30 19 44 43 26 96

TOTAL Source: DILG, 2007

627

Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Butig Calanogas Ganassi Kapatagan Lumbatan Lumbac-Unayan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Malabang Marogong Pagayawan Picong Pualas Sultan Domalondong Tubaran Tugaya

26 27 38 49 26 17 17 32 15 20 9 22 37 24 37 24 18 19 23 7 21 23 531

The earliest created municipality before the province of Lanao del Sur was officially created in 1959 was the municipality of Malabang which was created through the Maura Law on 1893. The municipalities of Balabagan and Tamparan are the next earliest LGUs created in 1960, followed by the municipality of Ganassi, Piagapo, Lumba-Bayabao and Wao in 1961. The greater number of creation was done in 1963 with a total of 18 (Balindong, Ditsaan-Ramain, Marantao, Masiu, Mulondo, Poona-Bayabao, Saguiaran, Taraka, Bacolod Grande, Bayang, Binidayan, Butig, Madamba, Lumbatan, Pagayawan, Pualas, Tubaran ans Tugaya) through various Executuve Orders. Under Martial Law, there were nine (9) municipalities created through Presidential Decrees such as Buadipuso-Buntong, Bubong, Bumbaran, Maguing, Calanogas, Lumbayanague, Picong and Tagoloan. In 1967, only two (2) municipalities (Kapai and Madalum) were created through EO. A lone municipalty of Kapatagan was created under the Parlimentary Government in 1982. Sultan Domalondong and Lumbaca( 10 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Unayan were newly created municipalities’ underMuslim Mindanao Act (MMA) in 1997 and 2004 respectively. Table 4: List of Municipalities with Date of Creation and its Legal Basis

1st Congressional District Balindong Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain Kapai Lumba Bayabao Maguing Marantao Masiu Mulondo Piagapo Poona Bayabao Saguiaran Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Wao

Date of Creation

Legal Basis of Creation

June 25, 1963 May 4, 1977 May 4, 1977 November 11, 1977 June 25, 1963 July 18, 1967 June 1, 1961 May 4, 1977 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963 February 22, 1961 June 25, 1963 June 25, 1963 June 11, 1978 September 28, 1960 June 25, 1963 February 22, 1961

E.O. No. 42 P.D. 1133 P.D 1133 P.D. 1243 E.O. 42 E.O. 77 E.O. 428 P.D. 1134 E.O. 42 E.O .42 E.O. 42 E.O. 418 E.O. 42 E.O. 42 P.D. 1458 E.O. 405 E.O. 42 E.O. 418

2nd Congressional District Bacolod Grande June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Balabagan March 15, 1960 E.O. 386 Bayang June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Binidayan June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Butig June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Calanogas May 4, 1977 P.D. 1133 Ganassi January 18, 1961 E.O. 411 Kapatagan February 8, 1982 B.P. Blg. 163 Lumbaca Unayan November 28, 2004 MMA Act No. 106 Lumbatan June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Lumbayanague February 4, 1977 P.D. 1091 Madalum July 18,1967 E.O. No. 77 Madamba June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Malabang March 19, 1893 MAURA LAW Marogong May 4, 1977 P.D. 1131 Pagayawan June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Pualas June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Sultan Domalondong February 15, 1997 MMA 25 Picong* May 4, 1977 P.D. 1135 Tubaran June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 Tugaya June 25, 1963 E.O. 42 * Renamed municipality from Sultan Gumander under MMA Act No. 175 on December 16, 2004; ratified on March 25, 2006

Source: NSO, DILG

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 3: Administrative Map of Lanao del Sur

Source: DENR though political boundaries are not authoritative

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.2 Population and Settlements 3.2.1 Population size Of the total population in ARMM, the province of Lanao del Sur shares 27.63% and is the second most populated province of the region. In 2000, Lanao del Sur has a population of 800,162 people. It has increased by 338,382 individuals in 2007 and has an annual average growth rate (AAGR) of 4.985%. In 2007, Lanao del Sur has a total population of 1,138,544 individuals. Given the AAGR of 4.985%, the province would have a projected population in 2014 of 1.6 million with 134 persons per square kilometers which are possibly in a manageable level. Table 5. Population by Province, 2007 Province

Total Population (1-Aug-07)

Percent to ARMM

ARMM

4,120,795

100

LANAO DEL SUR

1,138,544

27.63

MAGUINDANAO

1,273,715

30.91

SULU

849,670

20.62

TAWI-TAWI

450,346

10.93

BASILAN

408,520

9.91

Source: NSO, 2007

Figure 4. Population Share by Province, 2007

Marawi City, Lanao del Sur is the most populated area in ARMM with 177,391 population. The municipality of Lumba Bayabao ranked 14 th among the towns with a population more than 50,000 and second most populated in the province of Lanao del Sur. ( 13 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 6: Top 17 ARMM Cities/Municipalities with a Total Population of Fifty Thousand (50,000) and above CITIES/MUNICIPALITIES WITH A TOTAL POPULATION OF FIFTY (50,000) ABOVE RANK

NAME OF MUNICIPALITY

NO. OF POPULATION

1

Marawi City

177,391

2

Jolo

140,307

3

Sultan Kudarat

121,324

4

Datu Odin Sinsuat

103,765

5

Parang

102,247

6

Bongao

95,055

7

Talipao

85,920

8

Indanan

85,220

9

Lamitan City

82,074

10

Shariff Aguak

71,971

11

Sumisip

71,807

12

Parang (Sulu Province)

65,019

13

Siasi

63,518

14

Lumba-bayabao

57,304

15

Patikul

56,805

16

Languyan

51,377

17

Panglima Sugala

50,504

Source: NSO Census on Population, 2007

Table 7: Ten most populated town of the province, 2007

Name of city/municipalities Marawi City Lumba-a-bayabao Wao Malabang Piagapo Balabagan Marantao Balindong Masiu

Population (2007) 177,391 57,304 42,186 41,024 34,792 33,421 32,075 30,295 30,196

Source: NSO Census on Population, 2007

Based on the 2007 population, the populated town in the 1 st district of the province is Marawi City with 177,391 followed by the municipalities of Lumba-bayabao with 57,304 populations. The least populated town is the municipality of Tagoloan with only 11,144 people. ( 14 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The municipalities of Malabang and Balabagan are the most populated towns in the 2nd district with 41,024 and 33,421 populations while the municipalities of Lumbac-Unayan and Sultan Domalondong are the least populated with population of 11,766 and 16,693 respectively. Malabang serves as the center of trade and commerce in the second district with several municipalities are catchments areas. Based on the computed estimated population, the province of Lanao del Sur is projected to have an increase of 540.308 thousand populations in the year 2014 and will rise up to more or less 50 percent for the period from 20072019. Marawi City will have the highest projected population of 292,647 persons in the year 2019 followed by the municipality of Lumba-bayabao (250,212), Kapatagan with 89,968, and Calanogas with 79,785. The least populated area will be the municipality of Kapai and Tagoloan II with projected population of 23, 565 and 16,744 persons respectively.

Table 8: Population Size and the Estimated Population for 2014 and 2019 by District and by Municipality City/ Municipality

District I Lumba-Bayabao Wao Piagapo Marantao Masiu Maguing Taraka Tamparan Ditsaan-Ramain Poona-Bayabao Saguiaran Bubong Buadipso-Buntong Kapai Mulondo Bumbaran Tagoloan II Marawi City District II Malabang Balabagan

Pop’n (2000)

23,521 35,517 23,903 24,647 24,105 18,095 18,832 19,975 19,157 17,390 22,636 19,003 13,535 16,564 12,362 6,589 8,714 131,090 33,177 24,558

Pop’n (2007)

Annual Pop’n Growth Rate 20002007

57,304 42,186 34,792 32,075 30,196 29,045 28,196 27,875 25,425 23,589 23,274 23,148 19,316 18,916 16,458 13,297 11,144 177,391 41,024 33,421

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13.069 2.402 5.315 3.700 3.156 6.745 5.725 4.704 3.982 4.295 0.384 2.759 5.028 1.848 4.019 10.169 3.451 4.260 2.972 4.342

Pop’n 2007 %Share

5.03 3.70 3.05 2.82 2.65 2.55 2.48 2.45 2.23 2.07 2.04 2.03 1.70 1.63 1.44 1.16 0.98 15.58 3.60 2.94

Estimated Estimated Populatio Populatio n 2014 n 2019

905,330

1,204,292

135,391 49,811 49,993 41,364 37,533 45.867 41,632 38,455 33,417 31,663 23,907 28,006 27,230 21,503 21,685 26,192 14,131 23,7550

250,212 56,088 64,768 49,603 43,841 63,568 54,995 48,392 40,622 39,073 24,369 32,089 34,800 23,565 26,408 42,508 16,744 292,647

773,522

1,092,521

50,358 45,002

58,300 55,658


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Balindong Madalum Ganassi Bayang Lumbatan Tugaya Picong Butig Calanogas Lumbayanague Binidayan Marogong Bacolod-Kalawi Tubaran Kapatagan Madamba Pagayawan Pualas Sultan-Domalondong

Lumbaca-Unayan TOTAL

24,470 18,405 18,947 21,020 17,445 20,139 12,230 16,283 9,989 12,835 18,081 16,165 17,761 11,021 7,804 15,442 9,757 7,887 11,105 11,672

30,295 25,585 25,456 24,185 24,036 24,017 23,487 22,256 21,847 21,717 21,569 21,120 20,564 20,358 19,598 19,587 18,374 17,962 16,693 11,766

800,162

1,138,544

2.989 4.648 4.157 1.953 8.485 2.459 9.418 4.404 11.398 7.524 2.463 3.757 2.042 8.833 13.542 3.334 9.123 12.022 5.783 15.547 4.985

2.66 2.25 2.23 2.12 2.11 2.11 2.06 1.95 1.92 1.91 1.89 1.85 1.81 1.79 1.72 1.72 1.61 1.56 1.47 1.03 100

37,231 35,164 33,854 27,691 42,506 28,469 44,101 30,093 46,509 36,086 25,574 27,341 23,690 36,818 47,677 24,642 33,855 39,763 24,743 32,355

43,138 44,132 41,500 30,503 63,870 32,145 69,166 37,330 79,785 51,864 28,883 32,878 26,209 56,216 89,968 29,033 52,384 70,145 32,774 66,640

1,678,852

2,296,813

Source: NSO, PPDO

The province has total registered voters of 398,447. About 237,071 registered voters are from District 1 while District II has 161,376 based on 2007 local election. Of the 40 municipalities of the province, 15 are classified as urban and the rest are partially urban municipalities per 2007 NSO data. Eight (8) in District I are classified as urban while in District II has seven (7). Table 9: Population size, Number of Registered Voters and LGU Class by Municipality, 2007 Name of Municipality/City st 1 District Marawi City

LGU Class

Urban/Rural

Registered Voters, 2007

Population 2007

55,590

177,391

4th Class

Urban

Lumba Bayabao

-

Partially Urban

9,174

57,304

Wao

-

Partially Urban

23,847

42,186

Piagapo

4th Class

Partially Urban

10,575

34,792

Marantao

3rd Class

Partially Urban

17,736

32,075

Masiu Maguing

3rd Class

Partially Urban Rural

10,966 12,503

30,196 29,045

Taraka

4th Class

Partially Urban

9,163

28,196

Tamparan

5th Class

27,875

4th Class

Rural Partially Urban

12,830

Ditsaan Ramain

10,303

25,425

Poona Bayabao

-

Partially Urban

7,975

23,589

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Saguiaran

4th Class

Partially Urban

14,023

23,274

Bubong Buadipuso-Buntong

5th Class

Rural Rural

7,633 9,477

23,148 19,316

Kapai

4th Class

Rural

5,670

18,916

Mulondo

4th Class

Partially Urban

7,680

16,458

Bumbaran

4th Class

Rural

4,532

13,297

Tagoloan

-

Rural

3,904

11,144

233,581

633,657

Total nd 2 District Malabang

4th Class

15,056

41,024

Balabagan

4th Class

Partially Urban

11,496

33,421

Balindong

4th Class

Rural

11,884

30,295

Madalum

-

Partially Urban

7,136

25,585

Ganassi Bayang

5th Class 5th Class

Partially Urban Rural

8,140 9,049

25,456 24,184

Lumbatan

5th Class

7,393

24,036

Tugaya

4th Class 4th Class

Partially Urban Partially Urban

7,560

24,017

5,628

23,487

-

Partially Urban

8,564

22,256

5th Class -

Rural

5,392 5,733

21,847

Picong Butig Calanogas Lumbayanague Binidayan Marogong

5th Class 4th Class

Bacolod Grande

-

Partially Urban

Partially Urban

Partially Urban Urban

6,348

21,717 21,569

Partially Urban Partially Urban

8,467

21,120

5,945

20,564

Tubaran

4th Class

Rural

6,208

20,358

Kapatagan

5th Class

Partially Urban

7,490

19,598

Madamba

5th Class

Partially Urban

6,962

19,587

Pagayawan

5th Class

Rural

5,557

18,374

Pualas Sultan Domalondong

5th Class -

Partially Urban Rural

6,185 3,983

17,962 16,693

-

Partially Urban

2,965

11,766

Lumbaca Unayan

Total GRAND TOTAL FOR THE 1 ST AND 2 ND DISTRICT

163,141

504,916

396,722

1,138,543

Source: NSO 2007

Doubling of Population Should the 2000-2007 average annual growth rate of 4.98 percent prevail until the succeeding years, the population of the province is expected to double in thirteen years, or 2020. By then, the province is expected to have 2,261,088 populations.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 10: Doubling Time by Province Area 2000-2007 AAG R Philippines

2.04

ARMM

5.46

Lanao Sur

4.98

Maguindanao

6.99

Sulu

4.45

Tawi-tawi

4.72

Shariff Kabunsuan

6.12

Basilan

6.44

Doubling T ime No. of Y ears Y ear 33 2040 12 2019 13 2020 9 2016 15 2023 14 2021 11 2018 10 2017

E xpec ted P opulation 8,241,590 2,277,088 2,547,430 1,699,340 900,692 817,040

Source: NSO-2007/ RPDO-ARMM

3.2.1.1 Population Distribution by Sex In the 2007 National Census of Population, data on Population Distribution by Sex is not available yet. However, based on the computed population distribution by sex using the computed participation rate, it shows that the province’s population is dominated by females. Under District I, the municipalities were dominated by females except for the municipality of Wao and Bumbaran wherein the male population is greater than the female populace. Likewise, females were dominant in District II except for the municipality of Balabagan, Tubaran and Pagayawan whose female population were lower than the male population. The increasing number of female populace since 1995 can be attributed to out-migration of male and higher mortality rate of male than female. Table 11: Computed Total Population by Sex, by Municipality and by District

Name of LGU

Male ParticipaPopulation Rate tion

Female ParticipaPopulation Rate tion

Total Population

District I Marawi City

177,391

Lumba Bayabao

0.483

27,698

0.517

29,606

57,304

Wao

0.511

21,566

0.489

20,620

42,186

Piagapo

0.492

17,130

0.508

17,662

34,792

Marantao

0.482

15,467

0.518

16,608

32,075

Masiu

0.468

14,122

0.532

16,074

30,196

Maguing

0.470

13,649

0.531

15,396

29,045

Taraka

0.493

13,908

Tamparan

0.478

13,337

0.507 0.521

14,288 14,538

28,196 27,875

( 18 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Ditsaan Ramain

0.483

12,287

Poona Bayabao

0.478

11,264

Saguiaran

0.487

11,344

Bubong

0.491

11,360

Buadipuso Buntong

0.489

9,449

Kapai

0.464

8,775

Mulondo

0.467

7,682

Bumbaran

0.513

6,823

Tagoloan Total

0.481

5,360

7.75

Malabang

0.517 0.522 0.513 0.509 0.511

13,138 12,325 11,930 11,788 9,867

25,425 23,589 23,274 23,148 19,316

0.536 0.533 0.487

10,141 8,776 6,474

18,916 16,458 13,297

193,523

0.519 8.25

5,784 205,409

11,144 398,932

0.489

20,079

0.511

20,945

41,024

Balabagan

0.514

17,175

0.486

16,246

33,421

Balindong

0.478

14,484

0.522

15,811

30,295

Madalum

0.482

12,321

0.518

13,264

25,585

Ganassi

0.463

11,776

0.537

13,680

25,456

Bayang

0.487

11,783

0.513

12,401

24,184

Lumbatan

0.472

11,341

0.528

12,695

24,036

Tugaya

0.494

11,868

0.506

24,017

Picong (SG)

0.484

11,371

0.516

Butig

0.481

10,712

0.519

12,149 12,116 11,544

Calanogas

0.492

10,758

0.508

21,847

Lumbayanague

0.477

10,359

0.523

11,089 11,358

Binidayan

0.481

10,371

0.519

21,569

Marogong

0.489

10,333

0.511

Bacolod Grande

0.473

9,731

0.527

11,198 10,787 10,833

Tubaran

0.507

10,322

0.493

20,358

Kapatagan

0.498

9,751

0.502

10,036 9,847

Madamba

0.497

9,729

0.503

19,587

Pagayawan

0.512

0.488

Pualas

0.491

9,403 8,818

9,858 8,971 9,144

Sultan Domalondong

0.440

7,345 -

0.560

9,348 -

16,693

District II

Lumbaca Unayan

-

Total

0.509

-

23,487 22,256 21,717 21,120 20,564 19,598 18,374 17,962 11,766 463,892

( 19 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.2.1.2 Household Population Based on the NSO records from 1995-2000, 94.9% of the household is headed by male and only 5.1% headed by female. This indicates that the household in the province is basically patriarchal. Headship rate peaked at ages 30 to 39 years for males (33 percent) and 40 to 49 years for females (30 percent). There is no available data on household population and average size of household in the 2007 Census on Population, however using the data on 2000 and 2007 population by municipality and data on number of household population in 2000, the number of household by municipality for year 2007 were computed as shown below. Based on the computed 2007 household population, it was noted that there was no decrease in growth number. Also, using ratio and proportion, the computed average household size shows that the municipality of LumbaBayabao registered the highest average household size of 15.8 followed by the municipality of Calanogas (14.8), Pagayawan (14.0) and Kapatagan (13.9) while municipality with the lowest in average household size of 6.7 and 6.5 are Butig and Wao respectively. The considerable increase in the number of household size in the province can be credited to in-migration of family members due to economic crisis and the local tradition and culture of Meranao such as “close family ties�. Table 12: Household Population, Number of Household and Average Size of Household by Municipality for 2000 and 2007 (computed) Municipality/District

Household Population 2000

District I Marawi City Lumba-Bayabao Wao Piagapo Marantao Masiu Maguing Taraka Tamparan Ditsaan-Ramain Poona-Bayabao Saguiaran Bubong Buadipuso-Buntong Kapai Mulondo Bumbaran

129,808 23,521 35,517 23,903 24,647 24,105 17,390 18,832 19,975 19,157 17,390 22,636 19,003 13,533 16,564 12,268 6,589

Number of Household

2007 (pop’n)

2000

177,391 57,304 42,186 34,792 32,075 30,196 29,045 28,196 27,875 25,425 23,589 23,274 23,148 19,316 18,916 16,458 13,297

20,375 3,632 6,505 3,487 3,598 3,486 2,734 2,785 2,879 2,682 2,452 3.074 2,404 1,938 2,270 1,634 1,133

( 20 )

2007 Computed 94,865 27,717 8,816 7,812 5,117 4,717 4,376 4,271 3,810 4,040 3,581 3,322 3,188 2,930 2,759 2,591 2,166 2,293

Average Size of Household 2000 2007 Computed 6.4 6.5 5.4 6.8 6.8 6.9 6.8 7.4 6.9 7.1 5.5 7.3 7.9 7.0 7.3 7.6 5.8

8.7 15.8 6.5 10.0 8.9 8.7 10.6 10.1 9.7 9.5 7.5 7.6 9.6 10.0 8.3 10.1 11.7


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Tagoloan District II Malabang Balabagan Balindong Madalum Ganassi Bayang Lumbatan Tugaya Picong Butig Calanogas Lumbayanague Binidayan Marogong Bacolod-Kalawi Tubaran Kapatagan Madamba Pagayawan Pualas Sultan Domalondong Lumbaca-unayan Total

8,714

11,144

1.084

33,177 24,588 24,470 18,405 18,947 21,020 17,445 20,139 12,230 16,283 9,989 12,835 18,081 16,185 17,161 11,021 7,804 15,442 9,757 7,887 11,105

41,024 33,421 30,295 25,585 25,456 24,185 24,036 24,017 23,487 22,256 21,847 21,717 21,569 21,120 20,564 20,358 19,598 19,587 18,374 17,962 16,693 11,766 11,766

4,883 3,821 3,220 2,804 3,308 2,789 2,200 2,391 1,720 3,308 1,481 2,008 2,645 2,209 2,465 1,680 1,407 2,316 1,311 1,468 1,326 97,688

669,072

1,359 72,224 6,033 5,222 3,986 3,877 4,106 3,225 3,043 2,859 3,308 3,590 3,261 3,393 3,172 2,893 2,856 3,132 3,563 2,968 2,483 3,266 1,987 167,089

8.2

10.3

6.8 6.4 7.6 6.6 6.2 7.5 7.9 8.4 7.1 6.2 6.7 6.4 6.8 7.3 7.2 6.5 5.5 6.6 7.4 5.5 8.4 -

8.4 8.7 9.4 9.1 7.7 8.7 10.9 10.0 13.7 6.7 14.8 10.8 8.2 9.6 8.3 12.1 13.9 8.5 14.0 12.2 12.6

3.2.1.3 Population Density The Philippines has an average density of 295 persons per square kilometers in 2007. National Capital Region continues to have the highest density with 15,617 persons per square kilometers. Lanao del Sur has the lowest density among the ARMM provinces at 84 person per square kilometers. Table 13: Population, Annual Population Growth Rate, Density and Land Area, by province, ARMM Province

Density 2000

Density 2007

30.9%

6.85%

144

230

5,547

20.2%

27.6% 20.6%

5.17% 4.61%

66 275

84 377

13,574.24 2,251

49.3% 8.2%

10.9% 9.9% 100.0%

4.89% 6.68% 5.66%

94 117 102

131 184 150

3,426 2,217 27,517

12.5% 8.1% 100.0%

2.12%

255

295

300,000

Pop 2007

Pop 2007 %

Maguindanao

801,102

1,273,715

Lanao del Sur Sulu

800,162 619,668

1,138,544 849,670

Tawi-Tawi Basilan ARMM

322,317 259,795 2,803,045

450,346 408,520 4,120,795

Philippines

76,498,735

88,574,614

Source NSO, 2007

( 21 )

Area (sqkm)

Area (sqkm) %

APGR 2000-07

Pop 2000


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The most densely populated area in Lanao del Sur, particularly in District I is in Marawi City with a density of 2,026 per square kilometer followed by the municipality of Masiu with 172 person/square kilometer, and the municipalities of Wao and Saguiran with 147 person/square kilometer and 143 person/square kilometer, respectively. The municipality of Bumbaran has the least density at 24 persons per square kilometer followed by the municipalities of Bubong and Tagoloan at 29 persons per square kilometer each. For District II, the most densely populated area is found in the municipality of Sultan Domalondong with a density of 325 persons per square kilometer, followed by Lumbaca Unayan ((278/sq. km.), Malabang (273/sq. km.). The municipality of Madalum has the lowest density of 37 persons per square kilometer. Municipality of Sultan Domalondong is a small town with an area of 51.35 square kilometers. Table 14: Population, Land Area and Density by District and by Municipality Enumerated in 2000 and 2007 District/ Municipality District I Marawi City Lumba-Bayaba Wao Piagapo Marantao Masiu Maguing Taraka Tamparan Ditsaan-Ramain Poona-Bayabao Saguiaran Bubong Buadipso-Buntong Kapai Mulondo Bumbaran Tagoloan II District II Malabang Balabagan Balindong Madalum Ganassi Bayang

Pop’n Percent Share

Land Area

% Share to Total Land Area

Pop’n 2000

Pop’n 2007

131,090 23,521 35,517 23,903 24,647 24,105 18,095 18,832 19,975 19,157 17,390 22,636 19,003 13,535 16,564 12,362 6,589 8,714

177,391 57,304 42,186 34,792 32,075 30,196 29,045 28,196 27,875 25,425 23,589 23,274 23,148 19,316 18,916 16,458 13,297 11,144

15.58 5.03 3.70 3.05 2.82 2.65 2.55 2.48 2.45 2.23 2.07 2.04 2.03 1.70 1.63 1.44 1.16 0.98

1,497 41 124 70 43 137 29 43 38 51 62 139 24 87 42 30 12 23

2,026 99 147 102 56 172 47 65 54 68 84 143 29 125 47 41 24 29

87.55 78.2 286.26 340.07 568.90 175.65 615.04 435.40 520.52 375.50 280.00 162.80 178.50 154.80 398.60 405.87 544.10 382.35

0.64 4.26 2.11 2.51 4.19 1.29 4.53 3.21 3.88 2.77 2.06 1.20 5.88 1.14 2.94 2.99 4.01 2.82

33,177 24,558 24,470 18,405 18,947 21,020

41,024 33,421 30,295 25,585 25,456 24,185

3.60 2.94 2.66 2.25 2.23 2.12

221 158 84 26 44 91

273 215 104 37 59 105

150.00 155.40 290.00 694.94 431.96 230.00

1.10 1.14 2.14 5.12 3.18 1.1 1.69

( 22 )

Density Density 2000 2007

(sq.kms)


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Lumbatan 17,445 Tugaya 20,139 Picong 12,230 Butig 16,283 Calanogas 9,989 Lumbayanague 12,835 Binidayan 18,081 Marogong 16,165 Bacolod-Kalawi 17,761 Tubaran 11,021 Kapatagan 7,804 Madamba 15,442 Pagayawan 9,757 Pualas 7,887 S. Domalondong 11,105 Lumbaca-Unayan 11,672 Source: NSO. PPDO

24,036 24,017 23,487 22,256 21,847 21,717 21,569 21,120 20,564 20,358 19,598 19,587 18,374 17,962 16,693 11,766

2.11 2.11 2.06 1.95 1.92 1.91 1.89 1.85 1.81 1.79 1.72 1.72 1.61 1.56 1.47 1.o3

126 57 44 40 51 59 62 51 36 25 30 32 50 39 216 276

174 68 85 54 112 99 74 67 42 47 76 41 94 89 325 278

138.39 355.76 277.56 411.49 195.00 218.70 289.58 315.00 491.57 435.00 258.13 477.00 196.37 202.34 51.35 42.28

1.02 2.62 2.04 3.03 1.44 1.61 2.13 2.32 3.62 3.20 1.90 3.51 1.45 1.49 0.38 0.31

The Islamic City of Marawi is the most densely populated area in the province of Lanao del Sur with 2,026 persons per square kilometer. It is followed by the municipality of Sultan Domalondong and Lumbaca-unayan as shown in the table below. Table 15: Ten most densely populated town of the province, 2007 Name of municipality/city Persons/sq.km. Marawi City Sultan Domalondong Lumba-ca--Unayan Malabang Balabagan Lumbatan Masiu Wao Saguiran Buadipuso Buntong Source: NSO-Census on Population, 2007

( 23 )

2,026 325 278 273 215 174 172 147 143 125


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 5: Population and Population Density Map of Lanao del Sur, 2007

3.2.1.4 Annual Average Growth Rate The province of Lanao del Sur demonstrates an average growth rate of 4.98% over a period of seven (7) years from 2000 to 2007. An increased of 1.63% was noted from 1995-2000 to 2000-2007 which could be attributed to inmigration in the province, to some critical events like increase of cost of living in most urbanized cities and the return of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW). Thepopulation growth from 2000 to 2007 of the 39 municipalities of the province including Marawi City shows an increase of 3.38 thousand persons. Table 16: Historical Growth of Population by Census Year

Censal Year 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007

Population 351,159 508,081 686,193 800,162 1,138,544

Increase ( In thousands)

1995-2007 = 4.52 1995-2000 = 1.13 2000-2007 = 3.38

Source: NSO, 2007 Census on Population ( 24 )

Average Annual Growth Rate -3.76 2.79 4.339 3.345 4.985


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The 4.985 AAGR of Lanao del Sur is lower than the 5.459 AAGR of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). However, compared to the growth rate of the Philippines, the province’s AAGR is doubly higher than the AAGR of the country placed at 2.04%. The population of Lanao del Sur represents 1.3% of the Philippine total population. Table 17: Population and Growth Rate of Lanao del Sur in 1995, 2000 and 2007

Level of Population (in millions)

Country/Region/Province

Philippines ARMM Lanao del Sur

Growth Rate

2000- 1995- 19952007 2007 2000 2007 88.57 2.04

1995 68.62

2000 76.50

2.36

2.80

4.12 5.459

3.731

4.779

0.686

0.800

1.138 4.985

3.345

4.339

Source: NSO 1995, 2000, 2007

The increase in growth rates occured in all the provinces of the ARMM which is apparent in all the statistical figures. For the province of Lanao del Sur, abrupt increase in population was noted in some municipalities. The municipality of Lumba-Bayabao under District I have the highest Annual Population Growth Rate of 13.069 for the 2000-2007 period followed by the municipality of Bumbaran with 10.55 while the municipality of Saguiaran shows a very low Annual Population Growth Rate of 0.384. In District II, the municipality of Lumbaca-Unayan registered the highest Annual Population Growth Rate of 15.547 followed by the municipalities of Kapatagan (13.542), Pualas (12.022) and Calanogas with (11.398, The municipality of Bayang has the lowest Annual Population Growth Rate of 1.953. Of the thirty nine (39) municipalities, the municipality of Lumba-a-Bayabao has increased tremendously and the slow growing is in the municipality of Lumbaca-Unayan at 11%. Table 18: Annual Population Growth Rate by District and Municipality, Enumerated in 1995, 2000 and 2007

Total Population Municipality/District District I Marawi City Lumba-Bayabao

1995

2000

2007

114,389 21.003

131,090 23,521

177,391 57,304

( 25 )

Annual Population Growth Rate 1995200019952000 2007 2007 2.961 2.454

4.260 13.069

3.749 8.785


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Wao Piagapo Marantao Masiu Maguing Taraka Tamparan Ditsaan-Ramain Poona-Bayabao Saguiaran Bubong Buadipso-Buntong Kapai Mulondo Bumbaran Tagoloan II District II Malabang Balabagan Balindong Madalum Ganassi Bayang Lumbatan Tugaya Picong Butig Calanogas Lumbayanague Binidayan Marogong Bacolod-Kalawi Tubaran Kapatagan Madamba Pagayawan Pualas Sultan Domalondong Lumbaca-Unayan Total

27,503 19,198 20,942 20,042 15,539 16,505 17,507 16,285 15,149 18,703 14,054 11,657 13,310 20,042 6,001 7,760

35,517 23,903 24,647 24,105 18,095 18,832 19,975 19,157 17,390 22,636 19,003 13,535 16,564 12,362 6,589 8,714

42,186 34,792 32,075 30,196 29,045 28,196 27,875 25,425 23,589 23,274 23,148 19,316 18,916 16,458 13,297 11,144

5.628 4.806 3.550 4.032 3.315 2.865 2.864 3.539 2.998 4.172 6.673 3.250 4.795 0.891 2.022 2.514

2.402 5.314 3.700 3.156 6.745 5.725 4.704 3.982 4.295 0.384 2.759 5.028 1.848 4.019 10.169 3.451

3.654 5.115 3.641 3.498 5.388 4.595 3.979 3.808 3.785 1.851 4.275 4.328 2.993 2.782 6.902 3.083

28,840 21,557 21,825 15,838 16,947 20,060 11,869 17,552 10,503 13,722 8,577 10,421 16,157 13,765 16,145 9,617 6,702 11,914 8,900 8,259 6,375 3234 686,300

33,177 24,558 24,470 18,405 18,947 21,020 17,445 20,139 12,230 16,283 9,989 12,835 18,081 16,165 17,761 11,021 7,804 15,442 9,757 7,887 11,105 11,672 800,162

41,024 33,421 30,295 25,585 25,456 24,185 24,036 24,017 23,487 22,256 21,847 21,717 21,569 21,120 20,564 20,358 19,598 19,587 18,374 17,962 16,693 11,766 1,138,544

3.045 2.830 2.480 3.269 2.418 1.006 2.497 2.988 3.313 3.732 3.317 4.563 2.438 3.501 2.064 2.961 3.313 5.711 1.988 -0.982 12.616 5.360 3.345

2.972 4.342 2.989 4.648 4.157 1.953 8.485 2.459 9.418 4.404 11.398 7.524 2.463 3.757 2.042 8.833 13.542 3.334 9.123 12.022 5.783 15.547 4.985

3.000 3.748 2.789 4.105 3.472 1.581 6.098 2.666 6.985 4.141 8.160 6.354 2.453 3.657 2.050 6.494 9.419 4.259 6.270 6.735 8.409 11.443 4.339

Source: NSO, 2007

( 26 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 6: Annual Population Growth Rate by Municipality for District I

Figure 7: Annual Average Growth Rate by Municipality, District II

( 27 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 In terms on the increase of Annual Population Growth Rate (APGR), the municipality of Pualas got the highest increase in Annual Population Growth Rate (APGR) of 11.04% in the whole province followed by the municipality of LumbaBayabao with an increase of 10.615 % rate while Lumbayanague with an increase in APGR of 2.96% is the last among the top 12 municipalities. Table 19: Top 12 Municipality by Annual Population Growth Rate, Lanao Del Sur

Municipality Lumbaca-Unayan Kapatagan Lumba-Bayabao Pualas Calanogas Bumbaran Picong Pagayawan Tubaran Lumbatan Lumbayanague Maguing

APGR 2000-20007

APGR 1995-2007

Increase in APGR

15.547 13.542 13.069 12.022 11.398 10.169 9.418 9.123 8.833 8.485 7.524 6.745

5.360 3.313 2.454 -0.982 3.317 2.022 3.13 1.988 2.961 2.497 4.563 3.315

10.187 (4 ) rd 10.229 (3 ) nd 10.615 (2 ) st 11.040 (1 ) th 8.081(6 ) th 8.147 (5 ) th 6.105 (8 ) th 7.135 (7 ) th 5.872 (10 ) th 5.988 (9 ) th 2.961 (12 ) th 3.430 (11 )

th

Source: NSO, Census on Population, 2007

3.2.1.5 Population Size, Growth Rate and Density The province growth rate in year 1995 is 4.339% and it is decreased in year 2000 by 1,3% and increased in year 2007 of 4.985%. The sudden increase of growth rate is attributed to some critical events like increase of cost of living in most of the urbanize cities and return of OFW. Table 20: Population, Density, Annual Population Growth Rate, Estimated Population and Add-0n Population ,2014 by Province, ARMM and Philippines

Province Pop 2000 Pop 2007

APGR Densit Area APGR 2000-07 y 2007 (sqkm) Factor 2000-14

Mag.

801,102

1,273,715

6.85%

PGR Factor 2007-14

Est Pop 2014

Est Density 2014

Add Pop 2007-14

230

5,547

1.0685

1.5900

2,025,148

365

751,433

LS

800,162

1,138,544

5.17%

94

12,074

1.0517

1.4229

1,620,025

134

481,481

Sulu

619,668

849,670

4.61%

377

2,251

1.0461

1.3712

1,165,042

518

315,372

Tawi

322,317

450,346

4.89%

131

3,426

1.0489

1.3972

629,230

184

178,884

Basilan

259,795

408,520

6.68%

184

2,217

1.0668

1.5725

642,386

290

233,866

ARMM

2,803,045

4,120,795

5.66%

150

27,517

1.0566

1.4701

6,058,037

220

1,937,242

Phil.

76,498,735

88,574,614

2.12%

295

300,000

1.0212

1.1579

102,556,758

342

13,982,144

( 28 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 21. Estimated Population, Density and Add-On Population by city/municipality, 2014 City/Municipali Pop 2000 Pop 2007 ty

APGR 2000-07

Density 2007

Area (sq. km)

APGR PGR Factor Factor 2000- 2007-14 14

Est Pop 2014

Est Density 2014

Add Pop 2007-14

Marawi City Bayabao

131,090

177,391

4.42%

2,026

1.35

240,046

2,742

62,655

57,304

13.57%

99

88 578.2

1.044

23,521

1.136

2.44

139,609

241

82,305

Wao

35,517

42,186

2.49%

147

286.26

1.025

1.19

50,107

175

7,921

Piagapo

23,903

34,792

5.51%

102

340.07

1.055

1.46

50,641

149

15,849

Marantao

24,647

32,075

3.83%

56

568.9

1.038

1.30

41,742

73

9,667

24,105

30,196

3.27%

172

175.65

1.033

1.25

37,826

215

7,630

Maguing

18,095

29,045

6.99%

47

615.04

1.070

1.61

46,621

76

17,576

Taraka

Masiu

18,832

28,196

5.94%

65

435.4

1.059

1.50

42,216

97

14,020

Tamparan

19,975

27,875

4.88%

54

520.52

1.049

1.40

38,899

75

11,024

D.-Ramain

19,157

25,425

4.13%

68

375.5

1.041

1.33

33,744

90

8,319

P.-Bayabao

17,390

23,589

4.45%

84

280

1.045

1.36

31,998

114

8,409

Saguiaran

22,636

23,274

0.40%

143

162.8

1.004

1.03

23,930

147

656

Bubong

19,003

23,148

2.86%

130

178.5

1.029

1.22

28,197

158

5,049

B.-Buntong

13,535

19,316

5.21%

125

154.8

1.052

1.43

27,566

178

8,250

Kapai

16,564

18,916

1.91%

47

398.6

1.019

1.14

21,602

54

2,686

Mulondo

12,362

16,458

4.17%

41

405.87

1.042

1.33

21,911

54

5,453

Bumbaran

6,589

13,297

10.55%

24

544.1

1.106

2.02

26,834

49

13,537

District II City/Municipalit Pop 2000 Pop 2007 APGR y 2000-07

Density Area APGR 2007 (sq/ km) Factor 200014

PGR Factor 2007-14

Est Pop 2014

Est Density 2014

Add Pop 2007-14

Malabang

33,177

41,024

3.1%

273

150

1.0308

1.24

50,727

338

9,703

Balabagan

24,558

33,421

4.5%

215

155

1.0450

1.36

45,483

293

12,062

Balindong

24,470

30,295

3.1%

104

290

1.0310

1.24

37,507

129

7,212

Madalum

18,947

25,585

4.4%

37

694

1.0438

1.35

34,549

50

8,964

Ganassi

18,947

25,456

4.3%

59

431

1.0431

1.34

34,201

79

8,745

Bayang

21,020

24,185

2.0%

105

230

1.0202

1.15

27,827

121

3,642

Lumbatan

17,445

24,036

4.7%

174

138

1.0469

1.38

33,117

240

9,081

Tugaya

20,139

24,017

2.5%

68

355

1.0255

1.19

28,642

81

4,625

Picong

12,230

23,487

9.8%

85

277

1.0977

1.92

45,105

163

21,618

Butig

16,283

22,256

4.6%

54

411

1.0457

1.37

30,420

74

8,164

9,989

21,847

11.8%

112

195

1.1183

2.19

47,782

245

25,935

Lumbayanague

12,835

21,717

7.8%

100

218

1.0780

1.69

36,745

169

15,028

Binidayan

18,081

21,569

2.6%

75

289

1.0255

1.19

25,730

89

4,161

Marogong

16,165

21,120

3.9%

67

315

1.0389

1.31

27,594

88

6,474

B. Calawi

17,761

20,564

2.1%

42

491

1.0212

1.16

23,809

48

3,245

Tubaran

11,021

20,358

9.2%

47

435

1.0916

1.85

37,605

86

17,247

Kapatagan

7,804

19,598

14.1%

76

258

1.1406

2.51

49,216

191

29,618

Madamba

15,442

19,587

3.5%

41

477

1.0346

1.27

24,845

52

5,258

9,757

18,374

9.5%

94

196

1.0946

1.88

34,601

177

16,227

Calanogas

Pagayawan

7,887

17,962

12.5%

89

202

1.1248

2.28

40,907

203

22,945

S. Domalondong

11,105

16,693

6.0%

327

51

1.0600

1.50

25,093

492

8,400

L . Unayan

11,672

11,766

0.1%

280

42

1.0011

1.01

11,861

282

95

Total for 2nd D.

356,735

504,917

3.5%

1,049

481

1.0354

1.2318

621,934

1,293

117,017

Total for 1st D.

455,635

633,627

3

98

6,490

1

1

772,260

119

138,633

Lanao del Sur

812,370

1,138,544

3

1,147

6,971

2

2

1,394,194

1,412

255,650

Pualas

Source: Based on NSO

( 29 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.2.2 Demographic Characteristics of the Province The province of Lanao del Sur is located at latitude 7° 24’ 34” and nestled in the hinterland of Mindanao at an elevation of 702 meters above sea level. It occupies the extensive plateau of North Central Mindanao and surrounds the basin of Lake Lanao, the largest lake in Mindanao and the second largest in the Philippines, next to Laguna de Bay. The province of Bukidnon bounds it on the East, on the South of it is Maguindanao and North Cotabato, on the West is Illana Bay and on the Northwest is the province of Lanao del Norte. Lanao del Sur is well-enclosed within the Bukidnon-Lanao highland areas with a series of plateaus, plains, highlands and basins, rolling hills and volcanoes which mountain ranges serve as a natural boundary from Maguindanao and Cotabato. The province has a total land area of 13,574.24 square kilometers with 340 square kilometers of water area composed of lakes and swamps. 3.2.2.1 Languages and Dialects Maranao is the most spoken dialect in Lanao del Sur. About nine in every ten (88 percent) of the 97,104 households used Maranao as their language at home. Households that used Hiligaynon, Ilonggo and Cebuano dialects both accounted for at about 3 percent each while Ibanag dialect was used by about 2 percent. The remaining 5 percent used other language or dialects. Table 22: Language or Dialect Generally Spoken in the Households (Figures are estimates based on a 10% sample)

Language / Dialect

Number of Households

Percentage

85,401

87.95%

Hiligaynon, Ilonggo

3,183

3.28%

Cebuano

2,384

2.46%

Ibanag

1,491

1.54%

Iranon

1,161

1.20%

Bisaya / Binisaya

542

0.56%

Tagalog

258

0.27%

84

0.09%

2,600

2.68%

97,104

100%

Maranao

Maguindanao Others TOTAL

Source: NSO 2000

( 30 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.2.2.2 Religious Sects In 2000, 93 percent of the household population in Lanao del Sur embraced Islam a religion. Roman Catholic ranked second with more than 5 percent while Iglesia ni Cristo ranked third with 0.46 percent.The remaining 1.41 percent belonged to other religions. Table 23: Household Population by Religious Affiliation & Sex (Excluding Marawi City)

Religious Affiliation Islam Roman Catholic Iglesia ni Cristo Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints Evangelicals Tribal / Ethnic Religion Others Total

Percentage of Both Sexes

Both Sexes

Male

Female

92.8% 5.3% 0.46%

620,910 35,390 3,087

300,150 18,177 1,507

320,760 17,213 1,580

0.21% 0.17% 0.03% 1.0% 100%

1,393 1,161 217 6,702 668,860

680 592 109 3,251 324,466

713 569 108 3,451 344,394

Source: NSO 2000

3.2.2.3 Ethnic Groups Of the 668,860 household populations in the province, majority (91.04 percent) classified themselves as Maranao, followed by Hiligaynon or Ilonggo at 2.47 percent and Cebuano at 1.97 percent. Others considered themselves as Iranon (0.93 percent), Ilocano (0.79 percent), and others (2.80 percent). Table 24: Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex (Excluding Marawi City) Ethnicity Maranao Hiligaynon / Ilonggo Cebuano Iranon Ilocano Bisaya / Binisaya Tagalog Ibanag Maguindanao Batangan Higaonon Other Ethnic Groups TOTAL

Both Sexes 608,902 16,543 13,148 6,221 5,300 4,309 1,609 1,154 828 798 769 9,279 668,860

Source: NSO 2000

( 31 )

Male 294,247 8,444 6,640 3,095 2,729 2,176 736 567 437 427 397 4,571 324,466

Female 314,655 8,099 6,508 3,126 2,571 2,133 873 587 391 371 372 4,708 344,394


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.2.2.4 Citizenship In 2000 NSO Census, more than 86 percent of the household population in Lanao del Sur were Filipinos. Angolan and British nationals residing in the province comprised 1.29 percent and 0.34 percent, respectively while the remaining 8 percent belonged to other nationalities. Table 25: Household Population by Citizenship and Sex Citizenship Filipino Chinese American Indonesian Japanese Iranian Australian British Afghan Algerian Angolan Antiguan Argentine, Argentinean Belgian Brazilian Brunei Darussalem Finn, Finnish Nigerian Pakistani Uruguayan Others Not stated TOTAL

Both Sexes 575,930 330 184 128 597 783 501 2,297 5 11 8,601 47 88 40 45 20 1,037 314 1,001 8 46,959 29,934 668,860

Male 280,266 143 110 71 287 321 192 1,151 5 4,003 16 64 21 12 7 540 139 495 22,182 14,441 324,466

Female 295,664 187 74 57 310 462 309 1,146 11 4,598 31 24 19 33 13 497 175 506 8 24,777 15,493 344,394

Source: NSO, 2000 3.2.3 Existing Settlements Pattern Settlements are usually formed where social and economic opportunities abound, where better quality of life is perceived possible. The concentration of people in one specific geographic area results to the formation of settlements. Settlements evolve depending on the scale and level of activities brought about by economic, social and political functions of a locality. Modernization in the field of transportation, communication, public health and safety, and industries also shaped the kind of settlements. In the province, the settlement pattern could be explained by a variety of factors, economic activities, presence of social facilities or amenities, political stability, peace, order and security, and other institutions and structures that provide higher standards of living. By year (2014) Marawi City is expected to be elevated from its level as a component city to a highly urbanized city and will continue to be the primary urban center of the province. Its inclusion to the Autonomous Region in Muslim ( 32 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Mindanao will enable the City to qualify as the health, education, commercial, tourism, and communication centers of the province. Figure 8: Lanao del Sur Population for District I

S eries 2,

L u Ma m ra w ba i B a C it ya y ba o W Pi ao a M gap ar o an ta M o a M s iu ag ui T a ng D i T ra ts a m ka a P o a n pa r on R a a n m a B a ai ya n Sa b Bu gu a o ad ia r ip us B u a n b o B u on g nt on g Ka M pa u i B u lon m do b T a a ra go n lo an

P opulation

L anao del S ur, P opulation, 2007 200000 180000 160000 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0

Na m e of Munic ipa lity, Ist Distric t

With the establishment of the Provincial Industrial Estate, Malabang which has been identified to be the suitable site for agri-industrial center will be elevated from the level of large town to that of a city. Its proximity to seaport and airport facilities undoubtedly qualifies Malabang to become the transportation hub and gateway to the province. Figure 9: Lanao del Sur Population for District II, 2007 45,000

40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000

Lanao Del Sur, Population, 2007 41,024 33,421 32,075 30,295 25,585 25,456 24,184 24,036 24,017 23,487 22,256 21,847 21,569 21,120 20,564 20,358 19,598 19,587 18,374 17,962 16,693

20,000

15,000 10,000

11,766

Name of Municipality, 2nd District

( 33 )

Lumbaca‌

Pualas

Madamba

Pagayawan

Kapatagan

Tubaran

Bacolod Grande

Marogong

Binidayan

Calanogas

Butig

Picong

Tugaya

Lumbatan

Ganassi

Bayang

Madalum

Balindong

Marantao

Malabang

0

Sultan‌

5,000

Balabagan

P o p u l a t i o n


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Provincial metropolitan center. Islamic City of Marawi Primary Growth Center. Malabang, Wao, Lumba-a-Bayabao, DitsaanRamain and Masiu Secondary Growth Center. Tamparan, Ganassi, Lumbatan High density and fast-growing settlements. Sultan Domalondong Low density and fast-growing settlements. Lumba-Bayabao The Municipalities of Masiu and Ganassi are also expected to be elevated from the level of small towns to large town with the establishment of commercial complexes. However, some portions of agricultural lands and Lake Lanao watershed will be affected with the introduction of development projects in the Municipality of Masiu. Having been identified as tourism potential areas, eco-tourism facilities will be established in the Municipalities of Saguiaran, Pualas, Ditsaan Ramain and Butig. Said establishment of facilities will understandably elevate the said municipalities to the level of developed municipalities. The Municipality of Saguiaran is expected to be greatly influenced by the expected growth of Marawi City due to its proximity. Expected to boost the agricultural sector are the Municipalities of Tugaya, Molundo, Bayang, Tagoloan and Wao with the establishment of small and medium agricultural estates and the provision of agricultural farm machineries. These municipalities will become food-basket areas of the province. Support facilities such as post-harvest and processing facilities will be prioritized. The municipalities identified to be predominantly agricultural in nature will prioritized agricultural development activities such as fruit tree and industrial crop plantations. The municipalities classified agricultural developing are Tubaran, Maguing, Bubong, Kapai, Marogong, Tagoloan Balabagan, Calanogas, Kapatagan, Malabang and Pagayawan. The following issues are expected to affect the (2008-2014) Settlement Plan of the province such as, 1)The prevailing peace and order condition of the province; 2)The expected urbanization of urban centers surrounding the Lake Lanao watershed areas; 3) Pollution problems which will be caused by the untreated water waste from the proposed agri-industrial projects of the towns; and 4) The culture, customs and tradition of the Maranaos origin might also be affected with the establishment of eco-tourism centers in the province.

( 34 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 To mitigate the effects of the issues presented, the following policies are recommended for adoption such as, 1) The province should craft and adopt policies on peace advocacy; 2) policy addressing environmental concern such as solid waste disposal 3) Adoption of a policy on water waste treatment; 4) Preservation of the Maranao culture and tradition through a massive information campaign; 5) Adoption of investment incentives program to promote and enhance national and regional investments. 3.2.3.1 Agrarian Reform Communities (ARC) in Lanao del Sur The implementation of the Agrarian Reform Communities for the province of Lanao del Sur under the Department of Agrarian Reform-ARMM covers 29 municipalities for a period from 1993-2007 serving a total of 236 barangays. The Carigongan ARC in the municipality of Kapai has the highest number of barangays covered of 36 with a total agricultural area of 38,366.00 hectares served. This was followed by M.Dulay ARC in Balabagan with 13 barangays covered and serving a total of agricultural lands of 3,652.00 hectares only. On the other hand, M. Cadayonan ARC in the municipality of Taraka has only 9 barangays served but it covers a total agricultural land of 11,741.00 hectares. The Diamaru ARC in Marogong has the lowest covered with 2 barangays only and 795.00 hectares of agricultural lands. A total of 124,653.43 hectares of agricultural lands was covered for the 29 municipalities with a total CARP scope of 83,413.51 hectares.

( 35 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 26: Agrarian Reform Communities in Lanao del Sur NAME OF AR C

MUNIC IP AL IT Y

1.Buadipuso

B. BUNT ONG

2.C arigongan 3.P indolonan

NO. OF BGYS . L AUNC HE D C OVE R E D

Y E AR

L AND AR E A

AG R I’L

C AR P

Has .

AR E A (Has .)

S C OP E (Has .)

2000

12

4,654.00

4,255.00

3,488.00

K apai

2000

36

68,110.00

38,366.00

15,954.00

L . BAY ABAO

2001

5

11,779

6,255.00

1,747.93

4.T ongcopan

MAG UING

1997

5

6,769.00

3,252.00

2,576.00

5.L ilod Maguing

MAR ANT AO

1997

6

2,825.00

2,527.00

2,527.00

6.Bubong

P iagapo

1995

8

3,180.00

2,743.00

1,716.49

7.Udalo

P OONA BAY ABAO

2000

6

4,296.00

1,860.00

1,016.00

8.R agayan

S AG UIAR AN

1995

4

1,913.00

1,300.00

896

9.P antaon

T AG OL OAN

2000

6

1,086.00

983

801

10.M.C adayonan

T araka

1997

9

31,651.00

11,741.00

8,276.00

11.S igayan

WAO

2001

6

1,215.00

1,178.00

1,178.00

12.Milaya

Marawi C ity

1993

6

8,331.93

8,229.93

8,229.93

13.M. Dulay

Balabagan

1993

13

3,813.94

3,652.00

2,108.74

14.Bagua-ingud

BAL INDONG

2003

6

3,235.00

2,801.00

1,400.00

15.Dado

BAY ANG

2000

1

1,575.00

1,103.80

1,033.80

16.U. Bayang

BINIDAY AN

2000

5

2,895.00

2,500.00

1,193.00

17.P icalilangan

BUT IG

1996

6

2,148.00

1,625.00

1,131.92

18.S andab

C AL ANOG AS

1993

11

3,500.00

2,500.00

2,500.00

19.Inoma

G ANAS S I

2001

3

1,469.00

1,191.00

1,135.00

20.T aliongan

K AP AT AG AN

2002

4

1,845.00

1,270.00

984

21.S . Bansil

L . Unayan

2001

5

3,104.00

2,328.00

1,186.00

22.Dilausan

L UMBAT AN

2007

4

2,682.00

2,400.00

2,000.00

23.L umbatanian

L UMBAY ANAG UE

2001

7

2,295.00

2,295.00

2,295.00

24.C abasaran

MADAMBA

2000

9

2,009.00

1,929.00

1,929.00

25.Madamba

MAL ABANG

2007

4

2,074.82

1,018.70

618.7

26.MIC C

MAL ABANG

2002

5

2,592.00

2,450.00

2,047.00

27.Diamaru

MAR OG ONG

2006

2

895

795

295

28.Marogong

MAS IU

2000

4

1,813.00

1,683.00

1,683.00

29.Iindarapatan

P AG AY AWAN

2007

11

4,400.00

2,800.00

2,800.00

30.P agayawan

P UAL AS

2000

6

2,542.00

2,282.00

2,282.00

31.P ualas

S . DOMAL ONDONG

2000

11

5,865.00

2,360.00

4,360.00

32.S .Domalondong

T UBAR AN

2000

5

2,550.00

1,204.00

826

2000

5

1,828.00

1,776.00

1,199.00

200,940.69

124,653.43

83,413.51

33.T ubaran Total

236

Source: DAR-ARMM, Lanao del Sur Provincial Office, 2009

( 36 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 10: Map on Specific Location of Agrarian Reform Communities

Map of the province showing the specific location of the Agrarian Communities as indicated by circle on the figures below.

( 37 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.3 Physical Resources 3.3.1 Land and Water Resources 3.3.1.1 Land The land area of the province is 13,375.24 square kilometers, including the City of Marawi. This is based from the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) records, which is the bases of the Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) of the respective municipalities of the province and of the province itself. On the municipalities comprising the province, the municipality of Bubong has the largest land area with 798.50 square kilometers, which is 6.62% of the total land area of province, while the municipality of Sultan Dumalondong has the smallest land area in the province, which is 51.35 square kilometers, or only 0.42% of the total land area of the province. (Refer to Table 2) 3.3.1.2 Topography and Elevation The province of Lanao del Sur is enveloped within the Bukidnon-Lanao highland areas. It has several lakes and rivers. Within the heart of the province is Lake Lanao which runs through Agus River and divides the province as it flows northward towards Illana Bay. The Agus River which serves as the source of HydroPower generation for series of hydroelectric plants has an area of 1,900 square kilometers.

Plateaus, hills, volcanoes and mountain ranges also abound the province and act as natural boundaries of Maguindanao and North Cotabato along its southern portion. Towards the east near the Bukidnon boundary, a large lowland area lays the Maridagao Valley. The province’s highest mountains are Mount Ragang, Piagayongan and Magatoring which measures about 6,000 to 9,000 feet above sea level. ( 38 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The municipalities of Picong, Malabang, Balabagan and Kapatagan are located in the coastal areas. These municipalities are located almost on a flat or plain terrain. 3.3.1.3 Slope Presented below are the total hectares per slope class of every municipality. The total came from different parcels of land/area although located in same municipality and belongs to same slope class. This total land area excludes lake area. Slopes greater that 18% are considered areas exposed to critical slopes. Table 27: Slope Class Distribution by Municipality Area Municipality 0-3% 3-8% 8-18% st (has.) 1 District 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. nd 2

Balindong B. Buntong Bubong Bumbaran D. Ramain Kapai L. Bayabao Maguing Marantao Masiu Mulondo Piagapo P. Bayabao Saguiaran Tagoloan II Tamparan Taraka Wao Marawi City District

1. Bacolod Kalawi

2. Balabagan 3. Bayang 4. Binidayan 5. Butig 6. Calanogas 7. Ganassi 8. Kapatagan 9. L. Unayan 10. Lumbatan 11. Lumbayanagu e

12. Madalum 13. Madamba 14. Malabang

18-30%

30-50%

50% above

29,000 15,480 79,850 54,410 37,550 39,860 57,820 61,504 56,890 17,556 40,587 34,007 28,000 16,280 38,235 52,052 43,540 28,626 8,755

7,383.40 8,035.67 6,499.79 0 13,799.63 398.60 4,463.704 2,601.6192 10,422.248 10,087.68 2,950.67 0 18,205.60 304.436 133,823 48,939.29 30,142.742 5,693.71 1,127.644

2.90 89.67 2,116.025 0 724.715 2,487.26 664.93 1,359.24 17.067 718.04 470.81 0 481.60 9.768 929.111 3,112.7096 674.87 1,125.00 741.548

10,147.10 5,311.19 48,349.175 24,517.146 12,335.175 8,494.166 20,896.148 36,293.51 38,793.291 3,498.91 13,657.53 28,307.43 5,868.80 11,360.18 11,439.912 0 12,722.388 4,557.26 4,380.13

9,193.00 976.79 21,152.265 17,422.082 6,879.16 17,303.226 13,055.756 16,809.04 4,892.54 2,445.55 23,507.99 4,036.63 2,469.60 3,863.244 9,505.22 0 0 13,557.27 2,249.16

2,273.60 1,066.572 1,732.745 8,531.488 3,811.325 9,387.03 11,193.952 4,440.59 2,764.85 805.82 0 108.82 0 742.368 6,717.89 0 0 1,325.38 256.52

0 0 0 3,933.843 0 1,785.728 7,545.51 0 0 0 0 1,554.12 974.40 0 9,509.045 0 0 2,367.37 0

49,157.00 15,540 23.000 28,958 41,149 19,500 43,196 25,813 4,228 13,839 21,870

0 996.114 131.10 0 12,340.58 0 0 3,791.93 1,303.91 0 1,154.736

393.256 12,242.412 671.60 49.23 0 40.95 431.96 1,584.92 45.24 633.83 752.33

11,537.14 2,063.70 18,406.90 20,487.78 17,331.56 4,005.30 39,951.98 14,184.24 2,870.81 13,205.17 19,962.936

20,115.04 220.668 117.30 5,345.65 3,164.36 8,890.05 0 3,626.73 8.03 0 0

6,852.48 17.094 3,673.10 2,829.19 7,394.47 6,263.40 535.63 1,863.69 0 0 0

10,244.32 0 0 246.143 917.623 300.30 2,272.11 761.48 0 0 0

69,494.00 47,700.00 15,000

83.39 0 2,656.50

0 0 8,317.50

45,476.87 24,288.84 1,944.00

21,925.35 734.58 1,489.50

2,008.30 1,941.39 592.50

0 20,730.42 0

( 39 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 15. Marogong 16. Pagayawan 17. Pualas 18. S.Domalondong

19. (S. G.) Picong

20. Tubaran 21. Tugaya

31,500 19,637 20,234 5,135 27,756 43,500 35,576

0 0 0 214.643 1,920.715 0 633.25

3,959.55 1,009.3418 0 0 965.908 313.20 377.106

18,493.65 10,621.65 15,278.69 2,469.935 5,584.5072 34,195.35 12,501.406

Source: DENR Legend: Slope 0–3 3–8 8 – 18 18 – 30 30 – 50 50 Above

Description Level to nearly level Gently sloping to undulating Undulating to rolling Rolling to moderately steep Steep Very steep

Figure 11: Slope Map

( 40 )

6,904.80 4,748.23 311.60 1,669.90 11,485.43 8,991.45 11,946.42

1,808.10 2,486.04 1,806.89 640.85 5,448.50 0 8,043.73

333.90 771.73 2,836.81 139.67 2,350.93 0 2,074.08


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 In general, the topography of Lanao del Sur is undulating to rolling (46.85%) and rolling to moderately steep (21.46%). From the Illana Bay on its south western coast to its neighboring province of Bukidnon on the northwest, elevation ranges from (0) zero meter to 3,080 meters above sea level. The highest point is along the North Cotabato provincial boundary on the south.

3.3.1.4 Climate and Weather The heavy wooded forest and mountains surrounding the province provide a natural shield against typhoons and floods. The elevation of the province is at 2,300 feet above sea level. This makes the climate ranges from a warm to near temperate around the Lake Lanao

vicinity. The month of January to April is generally considered dry season while the month of May to December is considered wet or rainy season.

The rainfall pattern as recorded by PAGASA AGROMET STATION located at the Mindanao State University Campus at Marawi City shows that the shortest monthly rainfall of 8.7 mm from 2004 to 2007 happened on February 2005. The largest monthly rainfall of 554.6 mm has occured on June 2007. The moderate climate of the province is considered as one of its assets in terms of its potential for tourism, being known as the Summer Capital of the South. Table 28: Rainfall Pattern 2004-2007 MONTH

January February March

2004 Total Mean

RAINFALL PATTERN (mm) 2005 2006 Total Mean Total Mean

Total

Mean

161.6 162.8 73.1

176.5 8.7 115.8

187.9 137.2 25.4

6.1 4.9 0.8

5.2 5.8 2.4

( 41 )

5.7 0.3 3.7

200.7 167.0 139.5

6.5 6.0 4.5

2007


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 April May June July August September October November December Average

76.5 243.5 320.6 422.5 78.9 370.9 108.2 94.0 76.8 182.5

2.6 7.9 10.7 13.6 2.5 12.4 3.5 3.1 2.5 6.0

87.6 328.8 366.9 128.0 218.5 341.5 219.6 329.1 191.5 209.4

2.9 10.6 12.2 4.1 7.1 11.4 7.1 11.0 6.2 6.9

114.2 154.2 469.4 133.7 199.1 279.4 210.0 322.5 169.2 213.2

3.8 5.0 15.7 4.3 6.4 9.3 6.8 10.8 5.5 7.1

Source: PAGASA AGROMET STATION, MSU Campus, Marawi City 2008 Figure 12: Climate Map

3.3.2 Water Resources

( 42 )

62.9 346.5 554.6 203.1 243.1 156.1 204.6 217.0 225.0 213.6

2.1 11.2 18.5 6.6 7.8 5.2 6.6 7.2 7.3 7.0


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The province has about 387.320 square kilometers of water area, composed of lakes, rivers and swamps. There are about eight (8) lakes in the province with a total area of 376.78 square kilometers. Lake Lanao has the biggest area of 357.00 square kilometers. Lake Lanao is a proclaimed watershed forest reserved per Proclamation No. 871/2-26-92 with an area of 357 square kilometers and noted for non-NIPAS conducted. It is the second deepest lake in the Philippines and one of the 17 Ancient Lakes in the world. Table 29: Lakes in the Province and by Area

Lakes

Area (Sq. Km.)

Lake Lanao Lake Dapao Lake Butig Lake Putian Lake Lalabuan Lake Uyaan Lake Latakan Lake Amai Kurut

357.00 10.13 5.14 1.91 1.00 0.60 0.50 0.5 376.78

Total

The matter on conservation of the natural resources of Lake Lanao is a gigantic task that has to be participated in by the stakeholders. The academe and the provincial government of Lanao del Sur, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and national government must join hands together in addressing this task. The academe may be able to identify the problems and provide solutions to ( 43 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 them. But the effective implementation of such solutions depends heavily on the concerted efforts of all sectors of society particularly the stakeholders. The idea of leaving the matter on conservation of Lake Lanao natural resources solely to the hands of the academicians is definitely not in place. We must work together if we are to conserve and preserve the invaluable natural resources of the second largest lake in the country, our lake - Lanao Lanao.

Value and Usages of Lake Lanao Lake Lanao is very valuable to the people of Lanao del Sur because it is the identity of the Meranaos. It is use as a source of electric power generation that supplies electricity not only in the province but also to Mindanao area. Water in the lake is also use for irrigation in the Basak area. Below is a result of a survey on the importance and values of Lake Lanao conducted by the Philippine Muslim Women Council, an NGO based at Lanao del Sur and Marawi City. Table 30: Percentages on the Values and Usage of Lake Lanao by groups

Local Government Units (LGUs) Value/Usage % Domestic use (washing, 80 drinking, cooking, bathing, etc)

Civil Society Organization (CSOs) Values/Usage % Cultural identity 72

Livelihood (fishing, public water transportation, etc) Identity of the Meranao Energy (source of hydroelectric power generation)

Religious use (cleansing and ablution) Social/domestic usage Economic (fishing and other form of livelihood activity, irrigation

80 66 63

( 44 )

72 60 68


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Recreation

14

Source: PMWC, 2008 Figure 13: Usage of Lake Lanao

USES OF THE LAKE - DOMESTIC USES For washing

For cooking

For drinking For bathing

( 45 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

USES OF LAKE LANAO

FOR HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION

Mineral Resources The control and supervision over the exploration, utilization, development, and protection of the mines and minerals and other natural resources within the autonomous region are hereby vested in the Regional Government in accordance with the Constitution and the pertinent provisions of the Organic Act except for the strategic minerals such as uranium, petroleum, and other fossil fuels, mineral oils, all sources of potential energy. There are available reserve resources found in the province of Lanao del Sur such as COPPER, GOLD, SILVER, COAL, LIMESTONE, CLAY, ETC. They can be traced in the municipalities of Butig, Kapai, Tagoloan and Bumbaran. Some of the ISSUES & CONCERNS are 1) NO EXPLORATION WERE UNDERTAKEN, 2) LACK OF TECHNICAL PEOPLE, 3) NO INVESTOR, 4) 10 TO 100 MILLION PESO, 5) SECURITY PROBLEM and 6) RIDO. Geologic and Soil Resources The Bureau of Soils identified eleven (11) types of soil common in the province, a large portion of which is suitable for rice and a corn. Salaman Loam clay accounts for 0.52%, Ramain and Buaya-an loam clay with 0.50%, and Pu-an

( 46 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 loam clay with 0.21%. All these are identified as good types of land suitable for agricultural cultivation. The moderately good type of soil is the Binidayan silt loam which is 11.1%, while the fairly good soil but limited for cultivation are the Adtuyo clay loam, Langkong Sandy loam and Kundarangan clay loam comprising about 33.3% land with a soil type limited to pasture and forest are the Malabang sandy loam, Adtuyo-bam Castillan Complex, Caromatan Silt Loam, Bolinao Silt loam, Kidapawan clay loam and Jansan clay loam with and aggregate percentage of 15.62%. Land with a soil type suitable for forestry is the mountain soil with 30.15%. Another soil type is the Kudarang loam clay which comprises about 30.15%. Table 31: Soil Type, Land Capability, and Dominant Feature

SOIL TYPE Salaman Loam

Ramin lay Loam/Buayan Caly Loam Pugaan Clay Loam

Binidayan Slit loam Adtuyon Clay?langkong Sandy Loam/Kundarangan Clay Malabang Sandy Loam/Adtuyon la Castallana Complex/Caromat Slit Loam/Bolinao Clay Loam/Jasan Clay Loam/kidapawan Clay Loam Mountain Soil undifferentiated Lake Lanao Hydrosol Rubble

LAND CAPABILITY

DOMINANT FEATURE

Very good land (land suitable for agricultural cultivation) Good Land (suitable for agricultural cultivation Good land (suitable for agricultural cultivation) Moderately good land (suitable for agricultural cultivation) Fairly good land (suitable for limited cultivation)

Level to nearly level; well drained; medium texture; deep to very deep soils Level to nearly level; somewhat poorly drained; fine subsoil, deep soil Level to nearly level; somewhat excessively drained, coarse textured moderately deep soil Moderately sloping; well drained; fine subsoil deep soil

Land limited to pasture or forest

Steep, well drained shallow soils

Lands limited forestry Lands limited life Lands limited life Lands limited life

to

Very steep; well drained shallow soil

to wild

Body of water

to wild

Very poorly drained; marshy or swampy Very steep rugged; barren; very shallow or no soil; rocky and stony

to wild

( 47 )

Strong sloping; well drained shallow soil


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Source: Bureau of Soils, DA-Lanao del Sur

Figure 14: Geologic Map

Figure 15: Soil Map

( 48 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

3.3.1.2 Land Classification Following the affectivity of the 1987 Constitution, a new land classification scheme was set up, According to the new scheme; all lands are divided into private lands and lands of public domain. Private lands are either in private ownership or held by the state in its capacity as private individual. Lands in public domain on the other hand are further subdivided into non-disposal and therefore not available for alienation (natural parks, mineral lands, forest lands) and disposable and hence available for alienation for various purposes (agricultural, residential, commercial, institutional, educational, educational town sites). The province of Lanao del Sur has a land area filled with lakes and rivers, and terrain of plateaus, hills, volcanoes and mountain ranges. Timberland forms 65.6 % of the province while the remaining 34.2% is classified as alienable and disposable. The province has a water area of 387.32 km2 wide composed mostly of lakes and swamps. Table 32: Lanao del Sur Land Classification by Municipality Area Municipality Classified A&D st (has.) Forestland 1 District 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Balindong B. Buntong Bubong Bumbaran D. Ramain

29,000 15,480 79,850 54,410 37,550

27,697.90 7,441.236 2,475.35 17,759.42 11,182.39

( 49 )

1,302.10 8,038.76 77,374.65 36,650.58 26,367.61

Unclassified

Others

-

-


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. nd 2

Kapai L. Bayabao Maguing Marantao Masiu Mulondo Piagapo P. Bayabao Saguiaran Tagoloan II Tamparan Taraka Wao Marawi City District

1.

Bacolod Kalawi

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Balabagan Bayang Binidayan Butig Calanogas Ganassi Kapatagan L. Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Malabang Marogong Pagayawan Pualas S.Domalondong

19. (S. G.) Picong

20. Tubaran 21. Tugaya

39,860 57,820 61,504 56,890 17,556 40,587 34,007 28,000 16,280 38,235 52,052 43,540 28,626 8,755

4,731.38 1,769.29 2,718.47 43,685.83 14,366.07 5,584.77 25,158.38 27,395.20 12,071.62 9,975.51 52,052 35,816.00 21,103.09 7,206.24

35,128.62 56,050.71 58,785.53 13,204.17 3,189.93 35,002.23 8,848.62 604.80 4,208.38 28,859.49 7,724 4,221 1,548.76

-

3,301.91 -

49,157.00 15,540 23.000 28,958 41,149 19,500 43,196 25,813 4,228 13,839 21,870 69,494.00 47,700.00 15,000 31,500 19,637 20,234 5,135 27,756 43,500 35,576

22,862.92 14,194.236 22,636.60 27,808.37 12,110.15 17,501.25 37,908.81 14,050.01 3,038.66 13,839 16,102.88 19,486.12 35,980.11 11,127.00 1,770.30 19,595.76 19,703.87 256.24 27,756 33,334.05 30,936.89

26,294.08 1,345.764 363.40 1,149.63 29,038.85 1998.75 5,287.19 11,762.99 1,189.34 5,767.12 50,007.88 11,719.89 3,873 29,729.70 41.24 530.13 4,878.76 10,165.95 4,639.11

-

-

-

-

-

-

Source: DENR Lanao Del Sur land area is classified into forest land and alienable and disposal land. Under the forest land is the production forest, protected forest nonforest (agriculture). Alienable and disposal lands are production areas, protected areas and built-up areas. In 1986, the NSO data revealed that 1,331 square kilometers was certified as A&D land and 2,540.7 square kilometers as forestland. In 1997, however, there was a decrease of 11.85% of the total area of forest land, thus, decreasing the forest land to 53.75% while the Alienable and Disposable land area had increased to 46.25%.

( 50 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The A&D lands of the province have a total area of 1,502.523 square kilometers. The largest A&D land, with an area of 167.040 square kilometers, is found in the Municipality of Tagoloan and the smallest A&D land, with only 5.125 square kilometers, is in the Municipality of Madalum. The protected areas within A&D land include the 117.80 square kilometers of irrigable lands cultivated for rice production. It also includes other National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS) that are restricted for further conversion due to the sustainability of the land for agricultural production like rice. The production areas within A&D lands constitute a total of 843.86 square kilometers which are divided according to the type of crops planted, such as: 192.623 square kilometers for seasonal crops; 507.384 square kilometers for annual crops and 5.766 for perennial crops and fruit bearing trees.

Figure 16: Land Classification Map of Lanao del Sur

( 51 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The land cover statistics of Lanao del Sur, as provided by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), is as follows: Table 33: Land Cover Statistics of Lanao del Sur Total Area = 1,357,424 Hectares Total Forest = 642,694.36 Hectares Closed Forest, broad Open Forest, broad Mangrove Forest

= 376,351.03 Has. = 266,194.33 Has. = 149.00 Has. 642,694.36 Has.

Total Other Lands (Non-forest) Other wooded land, shrubs Other wooded land, wooded Other land, natural (barren) Other land, natural (grassland) Other land, natural (marsh land) Other land, cultivated (annual) Other land, cultivated (perennial) Built-up areas

= 678,205.64 Hectares = 65,175.562 Has. = 70,194.28 Has. = 162.77 Has. = 27,331.69 Has. = 1,220.77 Has. = 392,409.78 Has. = 119,499.83 Has. = 2,210.96 Has. 678,205.64 Has. = 36,524 Hectares

Inland water Figure17: Land Cover Map

( 52 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

3.3.1.3

Land Suitability

As defined, land suitability is the classification of lands into categories based on the degree which the physical characteristics of the land can satisfy the environmental requirements of specific crops without deteriorating the land. To determine the suitability of land, a map from Land Management Unit (LMU) describing the shape of the land in terms of relief and slope was utilized. This particular map served as the land resource inventory map and will help determine what type of crops would be suitable for the particular area. According to the suitability map a large portion in the Municipalities of Bubong, Maguing, Bumbaran and Wao are suited for forest plantation. Their forest lands are covered with thick foliage of timber and have potentials for logging industry due to its less than 30% slope which is not prone to erosion area. A huge portion of the province having a slope limit of 18% and below and with proportionate soil depth situated are in the Municipalities of Kapai, Tagoloan, Wao, Butig, Lumbatan, Bayang, Binidayan, Ganassi, Madamba, Pualas, Calanogas, Kapatagan, Sultan Gumander, Madalum, Tugaya, Piagapo, Balindong, Saguiaran and Marawi City are best suited for perennial trees and

( 53 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 vine crops. Fortunately, these areas have no flooding and drainage problem and no serious limitation in their terrain. On the hand, municipalities suited for annual crops such as corn, sugarcane and wide variety of vegetable are Kapai, Bubong and Pualas, LumbaBayabao, Marogong, Kapatagan, Balabagan, Malabang, Sultan Gumander, Bacolod Grande, Balindong, Marantao and Piagapo. The areas are abundant because of slope limit of 8% and below and have a low erodability. Municipalities of Bubong, Ditsaan Ramain, Buadiposo Buntong, Mulondo, Taraka, Tamparan, Poona Bayabao and Masiu and in some areas in Bubong, Lumbayanague, Tubaran, Marawi City, Marantao, Kapai and Tagoloan have slope limits up to 3% with low soil permeability and are best suited to rice paddies. Water supply for these “basak areas� comes from river based irrigation system or community irrigation projects present in the localities. Figure 18: Land Suitability Map

( 54 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.3.1.4 Protection Areas Protection Land Use refers to the rehabilitation, conservation, sustainable development, and management of the following: areas declared as belonging to the National Integrated Protected Areas (NIPAS) System per R.A. 7586; areas outside the NIPAS but nonetheless require protection because of their distinctive physical features, anthropological significance, historical and educational value, and biological diversity; areas prone to natural hazards; areas covered by Ancestral Domain Claims; and security risk areas. 3.3.1.4.1 NIPAS Areas The National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) Act or RA 7586 was passed on June 1, 1992. The Act provides for the establishment and management of a comprehensive system of protected areas, that encompasses outstandingly remarkable areas and biologically important public lands that are habitats of rare and endangered species of plants and animals. The NIPAS is a priority program of the government as one distinct strategy for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development. The NIPAS Act identifies the areas referred to as the initial components of the system of protected areas which shall be further studied and assessed to develop the criteria for areas to be protected under the NIPAS Act. The initial components are areas or islands that have been proclaimed, designated or set aside, pursuant to a law, presidential decree, presidential proclamation or executive order. The NIPAS Law also identifies eight (8) categories to classify the different areas that will ultimately comprise the system of protected areas. These are: Nature reserve; Natural park; Natural monument; Wildlife sanctuary; Protected landscapes and seascapes; Resource reserve; Natural biotic areas; and other categories established by law, conventions or international agreements of which the Philippines is a signatory. There are other areas not included as initial components for the System but are considered part of the protected areas such as those declared as tourist zones and marine reserves under Proclamation No. 1801 and those declared through various DENR Administrative Orders and/or Memorandum Orders. President Corazon C. Aquino issued Proclamation No. 871 on February 26. 1992, declaring 180,640 hectares as watershed reservation area covering the City of Marawi and 25 municipalities surrounding the Lake Lanao. Five years later, on May 20, 1997 President Fidel V. Ramos directed the DENR Secretary and the ARMM Governor “to jointly and immediately intensify the drive against illegal loggers�. Both the proclamation and the directive aimed at maintaining the capacity of the Lake Lanao in supplying the power requirement ( 55 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 of the Mindanao region through the hydropower plants of the NAPCOR. These hydropower plants are dependent of the lake that drains through the Agus River where the hydropower plants are situated. Aside from the proclamation and directive there is no available comprehensive blue print for environmental management in the province. The Philippines-Canada Program Phase II (P-CLGSP-II) drafted an Integrated Resource Management Plan (IRMP) for Lake Lanao and Its Watersheds that covers ten (10) municipalities including the City of Marawi. Under the plan each of the municipalities and the participating government agencies and NGOs identified issues and concern and the corresponding solutions. Figure 19: Drainage and NIPAS Area

( 56 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 34: National Park/Marine Parks/Reserve/Watershed forest reserve Protected area Name Lake Lanao Lake Butig Lake Dapao Pantuwaraya Lake Rungkunan Salikala

Location

Proclamation no.

Area (ha)

Province Butig, Lanao del Sur Pualas Saguiran Ramain

871/2-26-92 R.A. 4190/5-5-65

180,460 68

R.A. 4190/5-5-65 R.A. 4190/5-5-65 R.A. 4190/5-5-65

Lumba-abayabao Total

R.A. 4190/5-5-65

1,500 200 Not determined Not determined

Sq. km.

Source: NEDA-National Physical Framework Plan (2001-2030)

3.3.1.4.2 Non-NIPAS Areas Non-NIPAS areas are those that have outstanding physical and aesthetic features, anthropological significance, and biological diversity but have not yet been included under the NIPAS. These areas require protection for the same reason that NIPAS components are accorded protection status. These nonNIPAS areas include the following: coastal and freshwater wetlands; second growth forests reserved for protection purposes; easements along waterways and shorelines; important bird areas; and, ecotourism sites. Another Watershed Development Plan was formulated and implemented by the NAPOCOR. Under the plan is the establishment of 10,000 hectares for reforestations in the western part of the lake. The program started in 1992 by the NAPOCOR or NPC Lake Lanao Agus River Development Project (LLARDP). The Paper Industries Corporation of the Philippines (PICOP) implements the reforestations project in partnership with farmers through a contract scheme. Seedling dispersal for agri-forestry farmers was also undertaken under the plan where, as of November 2002, 194,154 seedlings of various species were dispersed to the communities within the watershed area. The table below shows the protected lands under NIPAS and NON-NIPAS in the 40 municipalities including Marawi City. Table 35: Areas of NIPAS and Non-NIPAS by Municipality MUNICIPALITY Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong

NIPAS (Sq. Km.) 2.500

Non-NIPAS (Sq. Km.) 0.325 4.725

0.150

0.125

( 57 )

0.150 2.550 0.650


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao Total

53.325 61.075 54.325

10.050 30.975 11.475 0.900 15.550 5.00 2.375 10.500

468.025

3.800 16.275 23.575 99.240

3.675 7.850 80.250

20.00 0.375 5.150 11.425

1.725 0.150

36.725 0.500 3.150 13.275 9.425 5.475

0.175 18.725 819.39

0.775 277.075

Source: Provincial Physical Framework Plan, 1993-2002, Lanao del Sur

In most of the municipalities of the province where alienable and disposable lands are located, there are protected lands as shown in the table below. Table 36: Alienable and Disposable Land by Municipality and Protected Land within A&D A & D Lands Protected Land within A & D Municipality (sq. kms) NIPAS NON-NIPAS Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran

11.445 82.69 30.65 27.295 29.365 51.2 11.72

( 58 )

8.820 14.900 2.950 2.625 25.500 91.320

0.700


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao

21335 84.903 99.81 76.15 75.665 30.09 38.095 30.15 5.125 24.82 26.695 108.99 33.525 84.69 23.1 13.95 54.8 41.47 12.27 49.52 43.84

0.520 16.000 20.095 36.135 5.125 13.870

13.525 76.190 6.600 0.700 5.150 3.675 9.520

27.84 167.04 9.6 18.52

Marawi City

Total

36.135 8.675 9.870 8.720 5.300 1.570

22.965 33.2 -

20.275

1.570

22,816.188

121.635

366.805

Source: Provincial Physical Framework Plan, 1993-2002, Lanao del Sur

3.3.1.4.3. Major Rivers.

There are four major rivers tributary to the Lake Lanao that calls for development or protection to ensure the preservation of the lake as the major source of livelihood of the people residing along the lakeshore, household needs, and to maintain its capacity as the major source of power supply in Mindanao. The development or protection of these rivers requires the reforestations of the area where they are located or the construction of facilities that will prevent erosion along the riverbanks. The four major rivers have total aggregate area of 998.30 square miles with the Malaig River having the longest 347.00 square miles.

( 59 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 37: Four Major Rivers, Location, and Area in Square Miles

Name of River Ramain River Taraka River Gata River Malaig River

Location

Area (Square Miles

Bubong-Ramain Lumba bayabao-Maguing-Taraka Lumba bayabao-Poona bayabao Butig-Masiu Total

162.40 285.60 203.30 347.00 998.30

Figure 20: Biometric Map of Lake Lanao showing the four major rivers N

Bathymetric map of Lake Lanao showing the four major rivers and the towns bordering the lake shore. (After Frey, 1974)

AGUS RIVER 8o 00’N

124o 15’E

MARAWI CITY 10 RAMAIN RIVER 20 RAMAIN

30

BUADIPUSO BUNTONG

40

MARANTAO

50

WATO

MOLUNDO TARAKA

60 70 80 90

TUGAYA BACOLOD GRANDE MADALUM MADAMBA

TARAKA RIVER

TAMPARAN POONA BAYABAO

100 MASIU RIVER

110

GANASI

GATA RIVER

PAGAYAWAN

MASIU

BINIDAYAN BAYANG

LUMBATAN

3.3.1.4.5 National Parks There are identified and declared national parks in the province where conversion for agriculture or settlement are prohibited but at present the land area of these national parks are not yet delineated. Four (4) of the national parks are located within the watershed area. The other two (2) are located north of the City of Marawi and the other one is at the western side of the Municipality of Pualas. Table 38: Name and Location of National Parks in the Province

Name of National Parks Rungkunan National Park Salikata National Park Lake Putian National Park Lake Butig National Park

Location Ditsaan-Ramain Lumba-bayabao Bumbaran Butig

( 60 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Sacred Mountain National Park Lake Dapao National Park Source: PPFP- Lanao del Sur

Marawi City Pualas

Figure 21: Map showing the Lake Lanao Watershed and the Proclaimed National Parks in Lanao del Sur

Table 39: List of Municipalities Declared as Watershed Reservation Area (Proclamation 871)

LIST OF MUNICIPALITIES 1 District 2nd District Buadipuso-buntong Bacolod-kalawi Bubong Balindong Ditsaan-ramain Bayang Lumba-bayabao Binidayan Maguing Butig Marantao Lumbatan Mulondo Ganassi Piagapo Lumbayanague ST

( 61 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Poona-bayabao Saguiaran Tamparan Taraka

Madalum Madamba Masiu Pualas Tugaya

Source: Current Environmental Status of Lanao del Sur: Focus on the Watershedreservation, Forester Cosain I. Abbas, Project Director, LL Environmental Protection Project

3.3.1.4.6 Ancestral Domain Claims Ancestral domain refers to land, inland waters, coastal areas and natural resources therein, held under claim or ownership, occupied or possessed and utilized by individuals, families and clans who are members of the indigenous cultural communities/indigenous peoples (ICCs/Ips) since time immemorial by themselves or though their predecessors-in-interest, under claims of individual or traditional group ownership, continuously, to the present except when interrupted by war, force majeure or displacement by force, deceit, stealth, or as a consequence of government projects and other voluntary dealings entered into by government and private individuals/corporations including, but not limited to, residential lots, rice terraces or paddies, private forests, swidden farms and tree lots. The issuance of Certificate of Ancestral Domain Claims (CADCs) and Certificate of Ancestral Domain Titles (CADTs) is one of the programs of government in empowering the upland dwellers, particularly the indigenous people. 3.3.1.5 Land Use Conflict Apart from the adverse impact mentioned earlier, other ill effect of these malpractices are frequent occurrence of flash-floods to the low lying areas which oftenly destroy bridges, buildings and other facilities, infrastructure, rivers and other bodies of water overflow because of siltation. Fertile and arable lands are washed away by flood and the quality of water from irrigation decline, added to this, water supply during dry season become scarce due to lesser infiltration at the upper catchment areas. To prevent further degradation of our natural resources and enhance productivity, necessary measures must be taken to conserve, protect, and maintain our environment. The increasing pressure on the needs and requirements of the continuously growing population poses a great danger to our natural resources, the need for more food, dwelling units, greater supply of potable water and other ( 62 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 basic services adversely affect our resources. Despite the existing laws, policies and regulations on sustainable use of our resources, the rapid degradation continues because of the non-enforcement and implementation of the said environment laws. The importance of natural resources for human survival is indeed indispensable, as we depend on it for our food, shelter, water, fuel, medicine and even our love for aesthetic value. It is therefore imperative that we protect and preserve our environment for us to have an ecological balance and ensure a healthier environment for us and for the succeeding generations . Among the practices proven to be damaging to our mother nature are: wood for fuel use and over grazing on pasture lands all contribute to the degradation illegal logging, the shifting cultivation or “Kaingin� system, uncontrollable burning of / denudation of the natural resources in the area. Kaingin system which burns trees and timber to make way for other crops is equally damaging as illegal logging. Because of these practices the rapid denudation and depletion of forests greatly damage the natural habitat of the area. Loss of biodiversity, soil erosion, fertility decline and hydrological change are the outcome of these practices. It must always be remembered that sooner or later the ability of these practices. It must always be remembered that sooner or later ability of the forest to regerate may decline and shrubs and weeds may replace the valuable trees. Areas Prone to Natural Hazards Geological hazards are naturally occurring events which have impact on people and man-made structures thereby affecting development. All natural hazards are impossible to prevent from occurring but their adverse impacts may be mitigated. One approach is to assess areas in terms of their vulnerability to natural hazards, determine the risks involved and make appropriate decisions on how the development of these areas should be planned and implemented. Essentially the people should understand and adjust with the natural hazard phenomena in order to coexist with nature.

a) Climate and Water Related Hazards Climate and water related natural hazards can be traced to extreme climate events, which are inherent components of the Philippine climate system. These hazards consist of droughts, floods, strong winds and storm surges.

( 63 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The province of Lanao del Sur was not spared during the climate related hazard caused by a long drought which affects the whole country sometimes in 1997. This was the El Neno which brought great damaged to agricultural products especially rice, corn and other crops and lasted for almost a year. Fishery production was also affected due to change in the lake temperature, Massive fish kill were noticed along the lake shore as a result of the warm and very hot condition of the lake.

b) Flooding Flooding is a hydrological process, which usually occurs during intense and prolonged rainfall spells and unusual high coastal and estuarine waters due to tidal wave, storm surges and tsunamis. Intense and excessive precipitation may sometimes cause an overflowing of river channel resulting to the accumulation of water in flat lying areas. Despite the presence of heavy woody forest and mountains which serves as natural shields against typoons and floods, yet there are areas in the province which are vulnerable to this kind of calamities. Some municipalities in the Basak areas particularly Bubong, Ditsaan Ramain, Buadipuso Buntong, Mulondo, Taraka and Tamparan are the most affected areas when floods incidence occured. In all cases, transportation was the primary hampered services due to heavy floods along the National Hghways and houses were submerged to flood water. Huges of agricultural products particularly rice were greatly damaged and fishing was also affected. Affected families of flashflood at Taraka, Lanao Del Sur on January 21, 2009

( 64 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Rice fields along National Highways in the Basak Areas were submerged to flood water induced by heavy rains

c) Earthquake An earthquake is a feeble shaking to violent trembling of the ground produced by the sudden displacement of rocks or rock materials below the earth’s surface. The major earthquake generators present in Mindanao are the Mindanao Fault, Cotabato Fault Sarangani Trench, Cotabato Trench, Philippine Trench, Philippine Fault and some local fault splays. (Refer to Tectonic Map of the Philippines). In the year 1955, the province experienced a strong earthquake and although the records of its details such as its magnitude was not avalaible, it was reported to have caused great damaged to properties in the affected areas.The Agus river at Marawi Cty was emptied with water as it runs down towards the eastern side of the lake to the municipality of Tugaya. Many houses including a big Mosque (church) were buried under water and remain buried until this present. Another earthquake with high magnitude had occurred also in 1976 which brought damaged to houses and buildings, portions of land cracks and big trees stumbled upside down.

( 65 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 22: Earthquake and Volcanic Hazards Map

d) Mass Movements (Landslides, Subsidence, Slope Failures, etc.) Areas with steep or high-angle slopes and underlain by unconsolidated/ loose ground materials are highly susceptible to landslides and soil erosion. The lack of vegetative cover to stabilize slopes and heavy rainfall could also influence mass movement. For the province of Lanao del Sur, the National Highway from Marawi City to Saguiaran or the EME Slope Highway on the way to Iligan City had this type of related road condition. Recently, with continuous heavy rains for many days, land slides and soil erosion in this slope with cave-in underlain of the highway occurred. Economic activities were affected due to hampered transportation services. Goods being purchased only in Iligan City could not be transported to Marawi City and Lanao del Sur. Other areas along the National Highway in District II particularly at the municipalities of Pualas, Calanogas and Marogong were also prone to landslides. Frequent landslides and soil erosion occurred in these areas.

( 66 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 EME Slope along the Marawi City Saguiaran National Highway during its The recent landslides and erosion in 2009

e) River Erosion River erosion is a destructive geologist process that wears down land masses and ultimately lowers their surfaces as close as possible to base level. One of the major factors that caused river erosion in the province is the denuded condition of the forest as a result of rampant illegal logging. During heavy rains, voluminous flow of water from the forests runs down towards the four major rivers located at the municipalities of BubongDitsaan Ramain, Taraka, Lumba Bayabao and Butig-Masiu. This water wears down land masses along the river banks and causes severe soil erosion and siltation. Overflowing of flood water at the Taraka River, Lanao del Sur

( 67 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 23: Erosion Map of Lanao del Sur

( 68 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

EROSION MAP DESCRIPTION

HECTARES

Lake Moderate Erosion No Apparent Erosion River Severe Erosion Slight Erosion Unclassified Erosion

37,358.968 243,436.164 28,961.363 725.147 66,690.491 73,279.186 2.220

3.3.2 Transportation, Access and Circulation 3.3.2.1 Transportation There are two (2) terminals for passenger vehicles like jeepneys, vans, pick-ups and other various types of cars which are operated in 2007. One is located near the Provincial Capitol Complex, Buadi Sacayo, Islamic City of Marawi. This accommodates passenger vehicles bound for Second District, Cotabato City, Davao City, Cagayan de Oro City, Iligan City and other municipalities of Lanao del Norte. The other terminal is situated at Barangay Gadongan, Islamic City of Marawi which serves the passenger vehicles bound for First District, Iligan City, Cagayan de Oro City, Cotabato City and Davao City. The passengers can reach any of the two (2) terminals by taking the city-limit passenger jeepneys or the motorized pedicabs. External Linkage The province is accessible in three (3) major entry points through land transportation and from the seaport in the Municipality of Malabang. The one and only airport in Malabang that can accommodate domestic flights has not been operating since the controversial rehabilitation of the airport remains unresolved. The other entry points is from the northern parts from the City of Iligan and the other one is from Cotabato City passing through the Narciso-Ramos National Highway along the Municipalities of Sultan Kudarat, Parang and Matanog of the Maguindanao province. There are two other points of entry in the province. One is the southwestern part taking the route from the Municipality of Sultan Gumander ( 69 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 towards the Municipality of Sultan Naga Dimaporo of the province of Lanao del Norte. The other route is from the northwestern side of the province taking off from the Municipality of Maguing to the Province of Bukidnon. Presently, the road from Sultan Gumander to the Municipality of Sultan Naga Dimaporo is now concreted. At the northwestern side, the road connecting Lanao del Sur to the province of Bukidnon is almost completed. Internal Circulation The 39 municipalities can be reached taking various types of vehicles such as jeeps, FXs, and Taxis with terminals at the City of Marawi. FX taxi and taxis bound for Iligan City and Cagayan de Oro City, Cotabato City and Davao City are also available in the province. Jeepneys and Fxs bound for Pagadian City are also available mainly for transporting dried fish to Marawi City but the said jeepneys plying the route from Marawi City and Pagadian City are also accommodating passengers. The municipalities along the lakeshore of the province can also be reached through motorized boats crossing Lake Lanao. With regards to the number of vehicles available in the province, the actual number cannot be ascertained since some of the vehicles are registered in other Land Transportation Offices (LTO) outside the province. But looking at the traffic flow in the City of Marawi gives the impression that the volume or number of vehicle is so large that even after rush hour late in the afternoon the main roads in the city are traffic congested. But public utility vehicles from the city going to the rural areas are available only at daytime, usually until 7 o’clock in the evening. The large number of vehicles available in the province is attributed to the limited passenger vehicle available at nighttime. To own a car in the province is considered as one of the basic needs of the people rather than a social or status symbol. Only through having a car can people do transactions in the evening including emergency cases such as bringing the patient to the hospital at night time. Despite observable number of cars, the Land Transportation Office (LTO) records show that as of January 2004 majority of the registered vehicles were private, with a total of 1,437. The registered government owned vehicles were only 20 while the "for hire" registered vehicles were only 78. The number of registered government vehicles excludes those owned by the provincial government of Lanao del Sur. ( 70 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 40: No. of Registered Vehicles by Type of Ownership and by Type of Cars

Types of Cars

Type of Ownership Private 252 10 445 0 730 1,437

Government 40 0 0 0 20 60

Truck/Buses Jeeps Motorcycles Trailers Utility Vehicles Total

For Hire 0 0 0 0 78 78

Source: LTO-Lanao del Sur, 2007

With regards to access roads and bridges, all municipalities have provincial road passing through the areas. There are about 416.620 kilometers of provincial roads classified into four type of road surface. Only 82.579 kms of these are concreted, 52.212 kms are graveled and the rest are all earth surface type. Total number of bridges along provincial roads is 92 units which is equivalent to 1.2986 kilometers length. Table 41: Total Length of Roads by Classification by Surface Type

Road by Classification National Provincial Municipal Barangay Total

Road Suface Type (in kilometers) Concrete Asphalt Earth Gravelled 82.579

0

281.829

52.212

Total (in kms) 230.134 416.619 412.495 1,059.248

Source: PEO, 2008 Table 42: Number of Bridges by Type of Administration, 2008

Type of Administration National Provincial Municipal Barangay Total

Number 72 units 92 units 164 units

Length (in kms) 1.2986

% to Total 43.9 56.1

100

Source: PEO, 2008

3.4.2.4 Communications 3.4.2.4.1 Postal Communication Post mail is also available in the province that facilitates communications through letters. There are municipalities where the Philippine Postal Corporation ( 71 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 (PPC) has existing office to speed up the delivery of postal mail on time. There are also private letter and package carrier operating in the province sush as LBC and Air 21 Door-to-Door services but these two are located in Marawi City.

3.4.2.4.2 Telecommunications There are several telecommunication systems available in the province, namely: telegraph, two-way radio, radio, television, cellphone, internet and local cable. Private telephone companies, particularly Globe and Smart are serving the province through the installation of various cell sites. Presently, majority of the municipalities can be reached through either of the two giant cell phone companies. Radio and television stations in the province are concentrated in the City of Marawi. There are (3) radio stations operating in the City with signal range that reach the entire municipalities of the province except those in the coastal areas of Malabang, Balabagan, Kapatagan and Picong. Aside from the television stations that reach the different municipalities, two (2) Cable Antenna Television (CTV) stations are also operating in the City of Marawi serving the residents of the Marawi City and MSU-Marawi Campus, respectively.

Table 43: Radio/TV and Cable TV NAME OF FACILITIES

LOCATION

3

RADIO DXAD DXSO DXSM

Marawi City Marawi City Marawi City

5

CABLE TV MCTV, Inc. Lanao Cable TV Marvision Successor Cable Lanao Cable Branch III

NUMBER OF FACILITIES

Marawi City MSU, Marawi City Marantao Bacolod Grande Malabang

Source: Marawi Cable TV, Marawi City

The most popular communication system available in the province is the two-way radio or VHF though only a few are registered with NTC. The actual number of radio in the province has not been ascertained at present but is estimated to a ratio of 5:1 for every houses at least 1 VHF is available. Two-way radio of high frequency is also available in the province that can reach as far as

( 72 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Bukidnon province, Cotabato province, Pagadian City, and in some parts of Maguindanao and South Cotabato. 3.4 Economic Activity (By Sector or Industry) 3.4.1 Trade, Industry and Services 3.4.1.1 Trade Using the criteria indicative for hierarchy of urban centers adopted in the formulation of the PPFP of the province, it shows that only four municipalities fall under the category of secondary urban center namely Malabang, Wao, Tamparan and Marantao. But unlike in other provinces, municipalities having greater number of urban population also serve as commercial and trading centers. In the province, out of the four municipalities categorized as secondary urban centers, only two are commercial and trade centers, the municipalities of Wao and Malabang. The other two commercial and trade centers are the municipalities of Ganassi and Lumbatan identified as village or tertiary urban centers in the PPFP of the province. The Municipality of Malabang serves as commercial and trade center of the municipalities along the coastal areas and the municipalities of Marogong and Calanogas. The Municipality of Wao on the other hand, serves as the commercial and trade center of the nearby Municipality of Bumbaran and the nearby municipalities of the province of Bukidnon. At the interior part of the province, the commercial and trade centers are the municipalities of Ganassi and Lumbatan where harvests that can accommodate motorized boat are available.

3.4.1.2 Industry With respect to industry, there are no available major industries in the province, except for the flour milling plant in the municipalities of Malabang and Balabagan. Rice mills and corn sellers which are contributory to agriculture are also available in the province. The province is still blessed with an industrious workforce. Everywhere across the country, Maranaos can be seen engaging in businesses of any sort. Like the overseas workers remitting dollars into the country, the Maranaos outside the province are also bringing in their income to the province through their families who are still settling in the province. ( 73 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Small-scale industries from food processing and cottage industry are available in the province. This kind of industry is less permanent except for furniture and brass making, since people who engage in this kind of industry prefer to venture on other more promising activities in terms of gains and profits. The limited marketing opportunity of the processed foods and cottage product discouraged the development of the industry.

The famous industry in the province that attracts tourists and other visitors including government officials is the malong (loam weaving) at Dayawan, Marawi City and the brass industry and wood carving furniture in the Municipality of Tugaya thus, Tugaya is now included in the list of the World Heritage Center category.

In terms of department stores activities and trade Marawi and the

commerce and trade, although there are no big and fast food outlets, all kinds of commercial can be found in the province particularly in the City of urban centers of Malabang and Wao.

( 74 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Function Halls / Restaurants / Snack Inns that can accommodate wedding ceremonies, parties, dialaga (marriage proposals), seminars and other social gatherings are available in Marawi City. Table 44: Names and Locations of Function Halls/Restaurant in Lanao del Sur

Name of Function Hall

Location

Marawi Resort Hotel Sahara Function Hall Kristal Function Hall Samera Function Hall Jonaina Lucky Lyn Function Hall Nabila Function Hall Noramis Convention Center & Restaurant Hascon Court Jamela Function Hall Van Vactor River Side Lake Breeze Venus Broaster Mr. Dougnut

MSU Campus, Marawi City Saduc, Marawi City Panggao Saduc, Marawi City Pangarungan Village, Marawi City Quezon Avenue, Marawi City Gadongan, Marawi City Matampay, Marawi City Saduc, Marawi City Old Capitol, Marawi City Malutlut, Marawi City Moncado Colony, Marawi City Raya Saduc, Marawi City Bangon, Marawi City Quezon Avenue, Marawi City Quezon Avenue, Marawi City

Source: PPDO 3.4.1.3 Business Facilities and Services The channels of conveyance of information are furnished by the modern communication technology of the Smart and Globe. There are government–run telegraph stations along with two (2) private telegraph stations. There is Wireless Communication Message Center in Marawi City and a Cable Television Station, four (4) banks namely; Land Bank of the Philippines, Philippine National Bank, Islamic Bank of the Philippines and Maranao Rural Bank, which facilitate financial transactions in Marawi City, and banks in Municipalities of Wao and Malabang. In 2007, the Department of Trade and Industry Provincial Office has registered a total of 195 business establishments classified as trading, manufacturing and service. Trading businesses posted the highest number with a total of 106, followed by service establishments with 72 and manufacturing businesses with a total of 17. Most of these registered business establishments are located in 24 municipalities including Malabang, Wao and Marawi City. In terms of assets, 192 of the registered business establishments are classified as micro while only 3, which are all located in Marawi City, are classified as small. ( 75 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

Table 45: Business Establishments Registered (2005-2007) 2005 MUNICIPALITY

Trading

Mfg

2006 Service

Trading

Mfg

2007 Service

Bacolod-Kalawi Balabagan

1

1

2

1

1

Butig

2

1

Bumbaran

1 2

1

1

Ganassi

2 1

Kapatagan

1

Lumba-Bayabao

1

Madalum

1

Maguing

1

Malabang

25

Marantao

3

16

6

1

1

2

2

Masiu

2

1

Piagapo

2

4

1

1

3

11

1

Poona Bayabao

1

Saguiaran

1 1

1

1

1

2

Tamparan

1

Taraka

TOTAL

19

2

Picong

Marawi City

1

1

Bubong

Wao

Service

1

Buadipuso Buntong

Tagoloan

Mfg

1

Balindong

Ditsa-an Ramain

Trading

1 4

5

5

5

3

5

61

2

37

112

1

57

73

8

53

103

10

51

140

2

68

106

17

72

Source: DTI, Lanao del Sur, 2007

3.4.1.3.1 Cooperatives

( 76 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The Provincial Government has been encouraging the strengthening of cooperatives as a vital factor in the realization of a self-reliance economy. The Provincial Government through the resolutions of the Sangguniang Panglalawigan had accredited a total of 334 cooperatives as a gesture of support to cooperatives. The Provincial Government has also been providing both material and financial assistance to deserving cooperative. In line with this, the Office of the Provincial Cooperative Officer collaborated with the Provincial Agriculturist and the Development Bank of the Philippines (DBP) for a possible micro-financing for cooperatives. The services provided by the cooperatives range from management seminars to skills development trainings. There are cooperatives that are also implementing infrastructure projects thereby generating employment aside from the personnel who are managing the cooperatives. First Provincial Cooperative Summit conducted on May 4, 2008 at the Social Hall, New Capitol Complex, Buadi Sacayo, Marawi City.

3.4.2 Tourism Development Tourism industry is potential for the improvement of the economy of the province not only because of the natural and man-made tourist spots but also because of the attitude and culture of the Maranaos. The Maranaos are famous of their hospitality, particularly those in the rural areas which discourage the building of hotels or lodging houses. The Maranaos used to accommodate their visitors and even strangers at their own home or house. The province sets at an elevation making its climate temperate and with the heavily forested mountains surrounding it and landscape. The province as a ( 77 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 whole can be said to be an ideal tourist destination. This is not surprising because the Americans themselves planned to make the promising and progressive City of Dansalan (now Marawi City) as the Metropolitan capital of the Philippines. The plan was manifested by the establishment of kilometer 0.000, a reference point of all roads in Mindanao. Among the sights in the province that are not available in any parts of the country are the Mosques around the Lake Lanao and the crystal-blue Lake Lanao ideal for boat riding and swimming. Several potential tourist spots in the province include the beautiful Lake Lanao and other lakes and bodies of water that can be found in the different municipalities of the province. The four (4) islets in the lake are also best for tourist destination. Man-made tourist spot is also available in the province. Table 46: Potential Natural Tourist Spots of the Province Natural Tourist Spots Lake Lanao

Lake Dapao

Nusa and Selangan Islands

Mala a Balt

Location

Description

Located right at the center of the province sorrounded by 21 municipalities

A crystal-blue lake ideal for freshwater fishing and swimming which drains directly into the Agus River. It is the second largest lake in the country, next to Laguna Lake. Surrounded by rolling hills at the western side and mountains at the eastern side. It is usually foggy in the afternoon and in the early morning.

Municipality of Pualas which is less than 50 kms. from the coastal municipality of Malabang. Located in the Lake Lanao under the territorial domain of the Balindong mun. Located in the lake under the territorial domain of the Municipality of Bacolod Grande

The islands are adjacent to one onother. There are caves in the islands and its good for boat riding. Balt” is a Maranao term for islet. “Mala” connotes big while “maito” connotes small. Surronded by the Lake Lanao itself and closer to the Municipality of Binidayan. A virgin forest, protected wildlife and mineral springs can be found in the islet. Like the Mala a Balt, only that it is closer to the Municipality of Bacolod Grande

Signal Hill

Located in the lake under the territorial domain of the Municipality of Binidayan Located at the northern side of the City of Marawi Located at the northern side of Marawi City

Image of Sleeping Beauty

Located at the Municipalities of Maguing Lumba Bayabao, and Butig.

It is considered as virgin forest. There are some mythologies associated with the mountain. From the top of the hill, one can have a view of the lake Lanao at the southern front while from the western and northern front are the municipalities of Piagapo and Pantar, Lanao del Note. A mountain that streches along the municipalities of Lumba Bayabao, and Butig, a perfect panorama of a beautiful lady lying beside the lush water and greenery.

Located at the Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain

A Hanging white rock near at the top of the mountain. A large portion of the rock is hanging without support.

Sandab, Municipality of Butig

Underground water similar to those in Palawan.

Sandab, Municipality of Butig

All the trees in these places seem all the time blown by strong wind. Sumpitan falls has divided itself into three cold basins.

Maito a Balt Sacred Mountain

Hanging Lime Stone (Macaugis) Kampilan Kinaginawa Lupa

Balindong

( 78 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Sumpitan Falls

Thickly covered with trees and shrubs. Almost above 4,000 feet above sea level.

Source: PPDO-Lanao del Sur

Table 47: Man-made Tourist Spot, Lanao del Sur Man-made Tourist Spots

Location

Description

Tapokan (Green Meadows) Resort

Located at the Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain

Aga Khan Museum

MSU-Marawi Campus

Torogan

Dayawan, Marawi City

Marawi Resort Hotel

MSU-Marawi Campus

Padang Karbala

Bayang

Sorrounded by meadow spring and cool breeze. Green Meadow resort offers its guest amenities such as function halls, cottages for b arkadas picnic, a convenience store, billiards and music room, and fine dine cafÊ. The museum displays various artifacts of Mindanao culture and traditions. Every corner is enlightening as it provides a complete picture of the Sultanate scenario during pre-colonial era and the antique wares that came from it. The most notable attribute of the Torogan is the panolong, which is conspicuous in the corner of the royal house. The panolong is characterized with its fashion in the form of naga (serpent). The architectural design of its interior follows the okir (a Maranao pattern in the shape of the Sarimanok, a colorful bird with a fish upon its beak). The closed umbrella-like rooftop signifies the status of the family in the society. The resort has the misty atmosphere epitome and inclusive facilities that suit every traveler’s pleasure. Surrounding the swimming fall are the cottages and function halls. A historical landmark of the battle of Bayang between the Maranao warriors and the Americans.

( 79 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Kuta I Aragasi (Fort of Aragasi)

Located at Sandab, Municipality of Butig

A historical landmark. It is where the hero Dianaton Naim and his troops rushed towards foreign invaders. It served as a venue in commemorating the warrior’s heroism.

Source: PPDO-Lanao del Sur

Aside from the hospitality of the Maranaos that usually offer their home for their visitors, there are available facilities where tourists can lodge in. The Ayala Resort Hotel has cottages, single or duplex, provided with hot and cold shower, a clubhouse, and a swimming pool.

The MSU-Marawi Campus is also accommodating visitors at its hostel. There is also one hotel in the coastal Municipality of Malabang. Tourists who wish to enjoy night happenings can go down to Iligan City, a less than 30 minutes ride from Marawi City. There is no available night recreation and leisure in the City of Marawi. ( 80 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

Below are the pictures of some tourist destinations in the province of Lanao del Sur:

Mosque at Bubong, Lanao del Sur

( 81 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

3.4.3 Agriculture The economy of the province is basically agriculture due to two major factors: Firstly, the geographical location of the province is practically isolated from the other provinces with its limited point of entries, elevation, and the mountains and rolling hills surrounding the province. Related to the isolation of the province are the limited economic activities such as trade and commerce since the province is basically rural. Secondly, farming is the most feasible and viable economic activities that can bring promising return in terms of gains and profit. The land is fertile and suitable for almost all types of crops. Aside from rice as major staple food of the people, rice is also cultivated for commercial purposes. Corn and root crops are also cultivated in the province. Vegetable is likewise cultivated but primarily for family consumption. In the City of Marawi, vegetables are mostly supplied coming from the nearby City of Iligan. 3.4.3.1 Rice Rice is the major agricultural product in the province cultivated in almost all the municipalities except those in the coastal areas. Rice is exclusively cultivated in the municipalities of Bubong, Buadipuso Buntong, Ditsaan Ramain, Mulondo, Poona Bayabao, Lumba Bayabao, Taraka, Tamparan and Masiu. These municipalities are known as the Basak Areas or the lowland areas. The upland municipalities used to cultivate rice, corn and vegetables. The municipalities in the upland parts of the province also used to grow fruit bearing trees as their major agricultural products. The actual rice production in the province has been monitored by the government agency or agencies concern. However, considering the number of population of the province and the demand for rice being the staple food, there is shortage of rice production in the province as manifested by the importation of rice from the nearby provinces of Bukidnon and Butuan. Nevertheless, the Office of the Provincial Agriculturist projected a total of 648,207 metric tons demand for rice from 2005 to 2010. Based on the projection, it can be observed that demand keeps on increasing every year which is justified by the growing number of population of the province.

( 82 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

Table 48: Projected Demand for Rice (in MT.), By Municipality, 2005 to 2010

YEAR 2007 2008

MUNICIPALITY

2005

2006

Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran

2,478 3,578 4,223 3,260 2,773 2,228 2,812 1,272 3,020 2,226 2,507 3,106 2,989 1,285 3,553 2,726 2,382 3,028 2,061 2,404 5,143 4,062 2,838 3,896 1,833 1,560 3,650 2,898 1,394 2,932 1,946 1,393 3,126 2,909 1,612 3,012 5,437

2,480 3,607 4,321 3,280 2,805 2,277 2,887 1,313 3,078 2,349 2,509 3,161 3,106 1,314 3,588 2,763 2,409 3,095 2,086 2,408 5,220 4,157 2,922 3,988 1,836 1,580 3,728 2,962 1,408 2,940 1,983 1,415 3,174 2,950 1,626 3,046 5,575

2,482 3,636 4,419 3,300 2,836 2,325 2,962 1,355 3,136 2,473 2,511 3,216 3,222 1,342 3,623 2,801 2,436 3,161 2,111 2,411 5,298 4,252 3,007 4,080 1,839 1,601 3,806 3,026 1,421 2,948 2,020 1,437 3,221 2,990 1,641 3,080 5,713

103,554

105,345

107,137

Sultan Gumander (Picong)

Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao TOTAL

Source: OPAG / MDM

( 83 )

2009

2010

2,484 3,665 4,517 3,320 2,867 2,374 3,037 1,397 3,194 2,596 2,514 3,271 3,339 1,371 3,659 2,838 2,462 3,228 2,136 2,415 5,375 4,347 3,092 4,173 1,841 1,622 3,884 3,090 1,435 2,956 2,057 1,459 3,269 3,030 1,655 3,114 5,851

2,486 3,694 4,615 3,340 2,899 2,423 3,111 1,438 3,252 2,720 2,517 3,326 3,455 1,400 3,694 2,875 2,489 3,294 2,161 2,419 5,452 4,442 3,176 4,265 1,844 1,643 3,962 3,154 1,448 2,964 2,093 1,481 3,316 3,071 1,670 3,148 5,989

2,488 3,723 4,713 3,360 2,930 2,472 3,186 1,480 3,310 2,843 2,519 3,381 3,572 1,428 3,729 2,912 2,516 3,361 2,186 2,422 5,529 4,538 3,261 4,357 1,846 1,664 4,040 3,218 1,462 2,972 2,130 1,503 3,363 3,111 1,684 3,182 6,128

108,932

110,724

112,515


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The supply and demand analysis for rice shows that the total production posted at 25,520 metric tons while the consumption pegged at 107,138 or a shortage of 83,599 metric tons. Out of the 38 municipalities, 5 municipalities show a surplus with the Municipality of Maguing having the biggest surplus of 774 metric tons. The Municipality of Ditsaan Ramain has the smallest surplus of only 9 metric tons. Table 49: Rice Supply and Demand Analysis Province of Lanao del Sur PRODUCTION

CONSUMPTION

SURPLUS

SHORTAGE

(mt.) 2482

(mt.)

Bacolod Grande

(mt.) 10

(mt.) 2472

Balabagan

348

3636

3288

Balindong

119

4419

4300

Bayang

35

3300

3265

Binidayan

49

2836

2787

Buadiposo-Buntong

2695

2325

370

Bubong

3465

2962

503

14

1355

1341

735

3136

2401

56

2473

2417

Ditsaan-Ramain

2520

2511

Ganassi

210

3216

3006

Kapai

189

3222

3033

Kapatagan

238

1342

1104

Lumba-Bayabao

3948

3623

Lumbatan

126

2801

2675

Lumbayanague

70

2436

2366

Madalum

48

3161

3113

Madamba

56

2111

2055

Maguing

3185

2411

Malabang

182

5298

5116

Marantao

45

4252

4207

Marogong

42

3007

2965

Masiu

1008

4080

3072

Mulondo

560

1839

1279

Pagayawan

140

1601

1461

Piagapo

130

3806

3676

Poona Bayabao

2408

3026

618

Pualas

122

1421

1299

MUNICIPALITY

Bumbaran Butig Calanogas

( 84 )

9

325

774


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Saguiaran

57

2948

2891

343

2020

1677

67

1437

1370

Tamparan

913

3221

2308

Taraka

1085

2990

1905

Tubaran

95

1641

1546

Tugaya

21

3080

3059

186

5713

5527

25520

107138

Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumandar Tagoloan II

Wao TOTAL

1981

83599

Source: OPAG / MDM, 2007

Table 50: Rice production (MT) and Area Harvested MUNICIPALITY

Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan BuadiposoBuntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan-Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba-Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan

Upland (1.4)

Irrigated 5.6

Rainfed 2.1

Total Production

Area

Production

Area

Production

Area

Production

7 20 50 25 35 ―

9.8 28 70 35 49 ―

― 30 5 ― ― 350

― 168 28 ― ― 1960

― 70 10 ― ― 350

― 147 21 ― ― 735

9.8 343 119 35 49 2695

― 10 50 40 ― 150 10 50 ― 20 50 15 20 ― 5 20 30 20 ― 100

― 14 70 56 ― 210 14 70 ― 28 70 21 28 ― 7 28 42 28 ― 140

450 ― 70 ― 300 ― 20 18 480 10 ― 3 3 400 20 2 ― 100 70 ―

2520 ― 392 ― 1680 ― 112 101 2688 56 ― 17 17 2240 112 11 ― 560 392 ―

450 ― 130 ― 400 ― 30 32 600 20 ― 5 5 450 30 3 ― 200 80 ―

945 ― 273 ― 840 ― 63 67 1260 42 ― 10 10 945 63 6 ― 420 168 ―

3465 14 735 56 2520 210 189 238 3948 126 70 48 56 3185 182 45 42 1008 560 140

( 85 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumandar Tagoloan II Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao TOTAL

30 ― 40 23 2315

42 ― 56 32 21

10 280 7 3 25

56 1568 39 17 140

15 400 13 4 55

32 840 27 8 116

130 2408 122 57 281

20 10 2 ― 30 15 20

28 14 3 ― 42 21 28

30 6 110 130 6 ― 15

168 34 616 728 34 ― 84

70 9 140 170 9 ― 35

147 19 294 357 19 ― 74

343 67 913 1085 95 21 186

932

1,305

2,953

16,538

3,785

7,948

25,796

Source: OPAG / MDM, 2007

3.4.3.2 Corn As mentioned, the upland municipalities used to grow corn as another major agricultural product. But unlike rice, corns are cultivated in the province not as staple food but purely for commercial purposes. Only a very negligible amount of cooked young corn is sold in the market. White corn is the most preferred variety in the province. Based on the records of the Office of the Provincial Agriculturist, the projected production for both white & yellow corn in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 are 260,519, 276,159, 287,224 and 307,349 metric tons respectively. Table 51: Corn Production Areas and Variety

PRODUCTION (TOTAL MT) •White Corn •Yellow Corn

AREA HARVESTED (HAS) •White Corn •Yellow Corn

2007

2008

2009

2010

260,519

276,159

287,224

307,349

185,357

192,308

204,356

209,464

75,162

83,851

82,868

97,885

113,664

119,431

125,403

131,672

95,545

99,128

105,338

107,971

18,119

20,303

20,065

23,701

Source: OPAG / MDM, 2007

( 86 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The increasing trend of production can be attributed to the increasing production areas and increasing population of the province. In 1998, the province ranked No. 3 among the top five (5) corn producers in Mindanao. The Mindanao AgriFishery Performance compiled by Mindanao Economic Development Council (MEDCO) showed that the province had a total corn production of 317,855 metric tons with a total production area of 160,652 hectares. This figure represented a total of 12.79 percent of the total corn production in Mindanao. Table 52: Top 5 Corn Producers Mindanao, by province, 1998

Province 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Bukidnon South Cotabato Lanao del Sur Lanao del Norte North Cotabato Mindanao

Production VOLUME (m.t.) 530,912 355,799 317,855 247,723 194,855 2,485,880

AREA (has) 197,571 144,463 160,652 146,472 103,408 1,489,726

% To Mindanao 21.36 14.31 12.79 9.97 7.84 66.28

Source: Mindanao Agri-Fishery Performance, 1998 MEDCo

3.4.3.3 Cassava and Coconut Other major agricultural products in the province are cassava and coconut cultivated in the coastal municipalities of Malabang, Balabagan, Kapatagan and some parts of the Municipality of Picong. Though there is no available figure on the volume of cassava production from these municipalities, the mere presence of the Matling Flour Milling Corporation in Malabang and another corporation in Balabagan is an indication that the volume of cassava production is quite large that it can feed two (2) milling companies. Coconut is another main source of income of the province particularly in municipalities along the coastal areas where most plantations are concentrated. Coconut trees are also grown in the different upland municipalities of the province but only for local consumption, unlike those in the coastal areas where coconuts are sold in volume as copra. ( 87 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 There are 39,765.75 hectares of coconut land in the province based on NAMRIA Survey, which is lower to that of the Bureau of Agricultural Statistics record of 45,300 hectares. These are mostly found in seacost municipalities of Malabang, Balabagan, Picong, Marogong and portion of Calanogas. The coconut products can be transported through the seaports at Malabang and Picong. The Bureau of Agricultural Statistics data in 1993 shows that coconut production is 178,209 metric tons, constituting 25.64% of Central Mindanao production output. 3.4.3.4 Vegetables Vegetables in the province are not so abundant even as the soil type is almost suitable to any kind of crops. Vegetable supplies to the province came from the City of Iligan since vegetables grown in the province could not be preserved for a day or more because of the large moisture content deposit. There is an urgent need to introduce agricultural technologies that can upgrade the quality of vegetables produced in the province. The provincial agriculturist projected the demand for vegetable from 2000 to 2004 to be at 2,942.60 mt. Like its projection on the demand for rice, there is also an increasing demand for vegetable. Moreover, the Investment Fact Book 2005 of the province recorded 11 kinds of vegetables and root crops identified as temporary crops. Accordingly, from 2003 to 2004, cassava had been the highest root crops produced in the province. The lowest crop produced within the same period is watermelon.

( 88 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 53: Vegetable and Crop Production (mt), 2003-2005

Area (Hectares)

2003

2004

2005

Ampalaya Cabbage Camote Cassava Chayote

13 541 31,599 -

91.23 61.19 1,275.95 477,313.84 116.07

94.35 63.28 1,299.96 478,420.80 110.88

15.68 15.65 524.50 40,651.15 -

Coconut

45,300

178,209*

-

-

16 33 321 11 -

156.99 354.00 731.91 235.92 18.28 188.13 32.64 5.71 480,581.86

163.26 367.13 736.75 223.45 20.30 191.00 34.49 7.14 481,732.79

42.18 170.51 95.36 15.84 3.25 42.15 6.84 4.45 41,588.56

Crop

Eggplant Gabi Ginger Gourd Mongo Peanuts Tomato Watermelon TOTAL

Production

Source: Estimate 2005, Lanao del Sur * 1993 data, BAS, DA

Like any agricultural products in the province, there is an unstable trend in vegetable and crop production. This may be attributed to the number of farmers and the conversion of agricultural land into residential. Some of the root crops and vegetables are cultivated in small areas and usually within the proximity of residential areas.

Agricultural Facilities/Services Although the economy of the province is basically agriculture, the production is not sufficient for the needs of the province, particularly rice. The shortage of rice supply can be attributed to the following facts: Firstly, the farmers are still practicing traditional methods of farming; secondly, large portion of the “Basak area� and even in the upland areas are practically rain feed due to inadequate irrigation; and thirdly, because of the poor agricultural facilities and post-harvest facilities. According to the record of the Office of the Post-harvest Facilities Coordinator of the Department of Agriculture and Food of the province, from 2000 to 2002 the province had a total of 22 warehouses with a total capacity of 25,300 bags, 12 rice threshers and 16 corn shellers. Other agricultural services available in the province include cooperative trainings given by the Cooperative Development Authority (CDA), government agencies, and NGOs organizing farmers. ( 89 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The Office of the Provincial Agriculturist of the provincial government is also giving related agricultural services such as livestock production and health management. Solar driers are also available in the province distributed to the different municipalities. The solar driers were constructed through the efforts of individual politicians, government agencies, the UNDP, and the provincial government. The exact numbers of solar driers have not been accounted but the provincial government alone constructed 8 solar driers in 2002 and another 7 in 2003 Table 54: Warehouse, Rice Thresher, and Corn Sheller, Lanao Del Sur MUNI CIPALITY Buadipuso Buntong Ditsaan Ramain Lumba Bayabao Masiu Mulondo Poona Bayabao Tamparan Saguiaran Balindong Bacolod Grande Balabagan Bayang Calanogas Kapatagan Sultan Domalondong Kapatagan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Marogong Pagayawan Pualas Tubaran Tugaya

WAREHOUSE No. 10 2 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 -

Capacity 8,000 17,000 300 -

RICE THRESHER No. 10 2 -

25,300 TOTAL 22 12 Source: Department Agriculture and Food, Lanao del Sur

CORN SHELLER

Capacity -

No. 1 -

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Capacity -

-

16

-

1 1 1 1 2

3.4.4 Fishery and Aquatic Resources In the past, fishery is one of the major sources of income of the people residing along the shore of Lake Lanao. The volume of catch from the Lake was more than sufficient for the fish requirement of the populace indicated by the very ( 90 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 negligible volume of sea fishes coming from Iligan City. But the suspected ecological imbalance as a result of the installation of the hydroelectric power plants of the NPC brought a disaster to the breeding grounds of fishes of native species. The introduction of the carnivorous specie is another factor accelerated the extinction of fishes in the lake. Lately, the intervention of the government to remove the carnivorous “Katulong� in the lake is gradually making promising results. The catch is gradually increasing but still far from meeting the fish requirement of the people. The province is dependent of the fish supplies coming from Iligan City and the dried fish from Pagadian City. The Provincial Agriculture and Fishery Development Plan projected the fish requirement of the province from the year 2005 to 2010 to be at 174,194 metric tons. Like the projected demand for rice, the demand for fish also increases as the population increases. It is noted that the more number of population, the larger volume of fish is demanded. Table 55: Projected Demand for Fish, 2005 to 2010 (In Metric Tons)

Municipality Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan umbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

660

673

686

700

714

728

954 1,126 869 739 594 749 339 805 593 668 828 797 342 947

973 1,148 886 754 606 764 346 821 604 681 845 813 349 966

992 1,171 904 769 618 779 353 838 617 695 861 829 356 985

1,012 1,195 922 784 630 795 360 854 629 709 879 846 363 1,005

1,032 1,219 941 800 643 811 367 871 641 723 897 863 370 1,025

1,053 1,243 959 816 656 826 374 889 655 736 916 880 378 1,046

726 635 807 550 641 1,371 1,083 756 1,038 489 416 973

741 648 823 561 654 1,398 1,105 771 1,059 499 424 992

755 661 840 572 667 1,426 1,127 787 1,080 509 433 1,012

770 674 856 584 680 1,455 1,149 802 1,102 519 441 1,033

786 687 873 595 694 1,484 1,172 818 1,124 529 450 1,053

801 701 891 607 708 1,514 1,195 835 1,146 540 459 1,074

( 91 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 772 372 782 519 372 834 776 430 803 1,450 27,614

Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao TOTAL

787 379 798 529 379 851 792 439 819 1,479 28,167

803 387 814 540 387 868 807 447 835 1,509 28,730

819 395 830 551 395 885 823 459 852 1,539 29,304

836 403 846 562 403 903 840 465 869 1,570 29,891

852 411 863 573 411 921 857 475 887 1,601 30,488

Source: Provincial Agriculture and Fishery Development Plan. 2005-2010 Department Agriculture and Food - Lanao del Sur

- FOR FISHERIES

A young fisherman fishing for Tumaginting at dawn off Bayang, LDS

A middle-aged fisherman with his pool and line (in Kalokan, Marawi)

CAPTURE FISHERIES Harvesting carp and tilapia in a fish pen at Kalokan, Marawi City

A carp and tilapia fish pen at Wato, Lanao del Sur.

AQUACULTURE

( 92 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.4.5 Production Forest Of the classified forest land area of 1,258.239 square kilometers, about 478.56 square kilometers is classified as production forest. These production forest areas are located in the municipalities of Tagoloan, Wao, and portions of the municipalities of Bubong, Kapai and Bumbaran.

Through the Family Approach Contract Reforestration Program of the DENR of the Lanao del Sur provincial office, a total of about 10.351 square kilometers of land has been reforested. Majority of the municipalities of the province have declared forest land areas within their respective territorial domains. The municipality of LumbaBayabao has the biggest municipal forest land area of 300.054 square kilometers (Table 56). The 28 municipalities surrounding Lake Lanao have decreased protected areas under the watershed protection proclamation of the ARMM Government. Aside from the decreased watershed protected areas, the DENR protection map and the BSWM map shows that the National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS) covered an area of 819.39 square kilometers, with the Municipality of Maguing having the largest NIPAS area of 99.240 square kilometers. 27 municipalities of the province do not have declared NIPAS areas. The municipality of Marogong has the largest Non-NIPAS area with a total of 80.250 square kilometers (Table 35). A total area of 66.171 square kilometers, within the forest land is classified as non-forest or agricultural land. More than 200 families are being settled in these areas and are awarded with Certificates of Stewardship Contract (CSC) by the Office of the Provincial Environment and Natural Resources of the province. These non-forest or agricultural lands are mostly located along the wateshed protected areas. ( 93 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 56: Forest Land Area By Municipality

MUNICIPALITY Bacolod Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tagoloan Tubaran Tugaya Wao Marawi City TOTAL

LAND AREA (Sq. Km.) 491.57 230.00 290.00 115.20 189.56 215.00 798.50 544.10 331.49 97.50 375.50 256.00 398.50 288.13 640.62 158.39 302.18 498.38 225.00 615.04 198.10 550.00 220.88 56.09 458.67 218.00 260.04 280.00 242.34 182.89 51.35 227.56 362.35 435.00 155.10 485.24 87.55 12,061.82

Source: PPDO/PLUC Lanao del Sur

( 94 )

CLASSIFIED FOREST LANDS (Sq. Km.) 2.570

9.500

45.610 127.925 92.00 33.120 22.240 39.670 0.22 300.054 2.400 6.590 17.500 27.235 218.040

25.00 21.050

31.450 5.395

54.460 35.170 0.150 140.890 1,258,239


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.4.6 Manufacturing The manufacturing and processing industries in this province are Matling Industry and Commercial Corporation, Itil Plantation, Lorenzo Flour Mills, Lobregat Family Mills Corporation, United Coconut Plantation and a Palm Oil Plantation, the Tabung Haj Janoub Philippines, Paglas Banana Plantation, Durian Plantation and Sugar cane Plantation. Table 57: Name of Industrial Establishment and its Location

Name of Industrial Establishment

Location

Matling Industrial Commercial Corporation Lobregat Family Milling Corporation Balabagan Agricultural Corporation Balabagan Coconut Enterprises, INC. Itil Corporation Bumbaran Banana Plantation Pineapple Plantation

Matling, Malabang Lorenzo, Balabagan Lorenzo, Balabagan Lorenzo, Balabagan Molimok, Balabagan Bumbaran Wao

3.5 Income, Employment and Poverty 3.5.1 Income The economy of the province is largely dependent on agriculture due to two major factors. Firstly, the geographical location of the province is practically isolated from the other provinces with its limited point of entries, elevation and the mountains surrounding it. Related to the isolation of the province are the limited economic activities such as trade and commerce since the province is basically rural. The economy has grown at a rate of 2.3% from 1.4% in 2002. The slow growth rate must have been attributed to decades of political uncertainties. Secondly, because of the extensive plateau, the total production area of the province is 84,368.02 hectares with 19.262.27 hectares devoted to seasonal crops, 50,738.38 hectares appropriated for annual crops and 57.63 hectares reserved for perennial vegetation and fruit trees. The contribution of Lanao del Sur to agricultural production output of Central Mindanao is very significant particularly on the following prime crops: corn (23.99%), rice (10.88%), cassava (80.32%), coconut (21.48%) and abaca (44.33%). Livestock resources inventory shows that the province has 25. 97% of carabao breed, 24.23% of goat and 18.77% of cattle raise. ( 95 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 There are several kinds of fruit trees locally grown in the province. The fruits that are commercially brought to the local market are marang, lanzones, mango and durian. The peak season of marang is from January to April, while durian yields for two seasons in a year that is from September to October and January to February. Twenty nine percent of the annual income of Lanao del Sur has been attributed to the municipal fishing sectors. The following table shows the certified statement of income and summary of expenditure by the provincial government of Lanao del Sur based on the experienced economic conditions and subsisting tax ordinances. 3.5.1.1 Average Family Income In 2006, a family of six in the ARMM needed an annual income of at least P93,198 to stay out of poverty. In 1998, the NSCB records showed that the annual average family income in Lanao del Sur is P69, 950.00 while the annual average family expenditure is P54, 284.00. In 2002, census proved that there was an increase of income at an estimated rate of 34.62% and a dramatic increase in the expenditure by over 41.65%. Table 58: Daily, Monthly and Annual Income by Family Size Family Size 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Daily 43.00 85.00 128.00 170.00 213.00 255.00 298.00 340.00

Monthly 1,294.00 2,589.00 3,883.00 5,178.00 6,472.00 7,767.00 9,061.00 10,355.00

Annual 15,533.00 31,066.00 46,599.00 62,132.00 77,665.00 93,198.00 108,731.00 124,264.00

In 2006, a minimum wage earner in the ARMM can support at most 4 household members only. On the average, total income of the population in the ARMM was short by 16.2 percent to eradicate poverty in the region.

( 96 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 59: Monthly required income and Minimum Monthly Income by Family Size F amily S iz e

Monthly R equired

Minimum Monthly Inc ome (as of aug . 06)

Inc ome 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

1,294 2,589 3,883 5,178 6,472 7,676 9,061 10,355

Non-ag ric ulture (200.00/day) 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200

Ag ric ulture (200.00/day) 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200 5200

3.5.2 Employment 3.5.1.1 Employment/Unemployment (RPDO-ARMM Records) Regional Employment Growth by Province According to the 1990 NSO official report on the provinces of Sulu, Tawi-Tawi, Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao now all under the ARMM generate 621,443 jobs. After a decade, from 1990-2000 the employment rate of the region increased by 56.57 or 351,555 jobs totaling to about 942,998 jobs by the end of 2000. Average annual growth rate was reported to be 5.84%. Of the five (5) provinces, Sulu province pegged the highest employment increase with 347,056 jobs, and continuously increasing at an average of 6.68% per annum or 138,996 jobs for a total 347,056 jobs by the end of 2000. On the other hand, Tawi-Tawi an adjacent province to Sulu posted the highest employment growth rate of 7.04% annually or roughly about 67,974 jobs for the period, from its original figure of 96,512 in 1990 to 164,486 jobs in 2000. Within the period from 1990 to 2000 peace and order condition of the two provinces played a major role in enhancing the economic activities of the people in these areas. Barter trading with the Malaysians was strengthened, idle lands were cultivated, and made productive, fishing industry as well as seaweed production flourished, boosting the economy and confidence of the inhabitants in engaging further to business. Comparatively. statistics and figures showed that the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Maguindanao lagged behind the Sulu and Tawi-Tawi in terms of employment growth rate. From 1990, Lanao del Sur province reported an annual employment growth rate of 5.93% or an additional jobs of 111,575 for a toal of 298,788 jobs in 2000. Although minimal, ( 97 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Maguindanao province posted an increase of about 100,984 jobs or a total figure of 327,154 jobs in 2000. The slow implementation of infrastructure project and support facilities such as farm to market roads, post harvest facilities, irrigation facilities contributed largely to the slow pace of employment growth. By year 2014, it is estimated that about 1,676,672 jobs will be generated compared to 1,137,484 in 2000 or a total of projected increase of 539,188 jobs for the entire ARMM region. Sulu is expected to continuously dominate the arena on employment opportunities with estimated 520,729 jobs, followed by Maguindanao with 465,833 jobs Lanao del Sur with 441,565 jobs and finally Tawi-Tawi with 84,059 jobs. It is expected that the economy of the region will increase at an average growth of 4.74 per annum. Provincial Employment Growth by Sub-Sector One can easily see that Lanao del Sur’s economy is mainly dependent on its agricultural produce/forest products and government services, thus these two became the highest employer during 1990-2000 with 103,407 and 76,246 generated jobs respectively. Data gathered however showed that the employment in government service ranked the highest in terms of employment growth, creating about 42,486 jobs followed by agriculture with 21,718 while trade ranked third with 20,940 jobs generated. The abrupt increase of employment rate in government service was brought about by the creation of additional municipalities in the province. Official report from the NSO revealed that employment growth rate in the sub-sector was dominated by employment in private services with 12.92%, followed by government services with 12.59%, mining and quarrying with 10.71%, trade 8.76% and construction with 8.66%. Within the next Ten years it is expected that from the sub-sector agriculture and forestry will continue to dominate the employment arena with projected generated jobs of 138,740, followed by the government services with 124,359, trade with 69,700 and real estate with 47,311. An overall analysis however indicated that highest growth of employment shall come from the government services with projected 48,113 jobs, followed by agriculture and forestry with 35,333 and trade 24,914 jobs. 3.5.2.2. Projected Labor Force Characteristics and Employment Projection

( 98 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 According to 2000 NSO official report the total population of Lanao del Sur including Marawi City was 800,162, of this figure 421,409 are the working age population mainly composed of ages 15 years old and above. Based from the gathered data Lanao del Sur will have labor force of 315,177 or a 52.67% labor force participation rate. Of this figure 298,788 are presently employed or an employment rate of 94.8%. 3.5.3 Poverty 3.5.3.1. Poverty Condition In 2006, poverty incidence in the province of Lanao del Sur is 52.2% rank no. 3 in the Autonomous Region Muslim Mindanao and rank no. 6 in the entire country. This is an indication that majority of the constituents of the province are living below the poverty line particularly in the rural areas. In other provinces of the ARMM most are belong to the poorest provinces in the country and tawi-tawi province is the worst, the highest in 2006 in terms of incidence of poverty where about 79 out of every 100 families in the province were poor. In same year, cost of living was highest in Lanao del Sur - a person living in the province needed an annual income of at least P16, 567 to satisfy his basic food and non-food needs. In food threshold, person living in Lanao del Sur needs 10,571 pesos annually to meet his food requirements. Food threshold is highest in the province of Sulu of Php11, 085 and least in the province of Tawi-Tawi with amount of 9,839 pesos annually. As shown in the table below, the incidence of poverty in the province of Lanao del Sur was decline from 37.59% to 52.52% from 2003 to 2006. Table 60: Poverty and Rank,by Province, ARMM and Philippines, for 2000, 2003 and 2006 Province 2000 2003 2006 Poverty Rank Poverty Rank Poverty Rank Incidence Incidence Incidence Philippines ARMM Lanao del Sur 54.69 5 37.59 24 52.53 6 Maguindanao 59.28 2 60.39 2 61.96 3 Sulu 58.87 3 45.06 13 46.46 14 Tawi-Tawi 52.4 8 34.65 30 78.89 1 Basilan 31.5 33.5 31.7 Source: NSCB-2006

( 99 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 61: Poverty Rate by Municipality, 2005 POPULATION MUNICIPALITY

2005

POVERTY RATE

17,781.5 26293.3 12123.1 12215.5 10987.9 19889.1 8584.4 7247.9 10732.7 9585.4 13453 27013.8 18220.4 39068.7 19189.5 36494.7 20245.5 8675.7 23122 20841.7 17911.3 13604.8 21972.5 27111.7 26917 19904.5 16986.2

0.81 0.80 0.79 0.79 0.78 0.78 0.78 0.77 0.76 0.74 0.73 0.73 0.73 0.71 0.71 0.69 0.69 0.65 0.68 0.65 0.58 0.58 0.55 0.53 0.53 0.50 0.50

2000

Marogong 16165 Piagapo 23,903 Tubaran 11021 Sultan Domalondong 11105 Calanogas 9989 Binidayan 18081 Kapatagan 7804 Bumbaran 6689 Pagayawan 9757 Tagoloan II 8714 Sultan Gumander 12230 Balabagan 24558 Kapai 16564 Wao 35517 Lumbatan 17445 Malabang 33177 Madalum 18405 Pualas 7887 Bayang 21020 Ganassi 18947 Butig 16283 Mulondo 12368 Tamparan 19975 Marantao 24647 Balindong 24470 Maguing 18095 Madamba 15442 Source: WFP-Lanao del Sur/NSO

Table 62: Poverty Gap by Province, ARMM and Philippines Region/Province

Poverty Gap Inc/Dec 2000

2003

2006

Mar-00

3-Jun

Philippines

8

7

7.7

-1

0.7

ARMM

15

12.7

16.5

-3.2

3.5

Basilan

6.7

7.5

5.6

0.8

1.9

Lanao del Sur

16.4

12.5

17

-3.9

4.5

Maguindanao

20.9

18.3

19.3

-2.7

1

Sulu

14.9

10.4

11.5

-4.5

1.1

Severity of Poverty In 2006, Lanao del Sur was second to Tawi-Tawi in terms of Severity of poverty among the provinces in the ARMM. SEVERITY OF POVERTY - refers to the square of the poverty gap which measures the depth of poverty or the inequality of income among the poor.

( 100 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 63: Severity of Poverty by Province, ARMM and Philippines Region/Province

Severity of Poverty 2000

2003

2006

Inc/dec (%) Mar-00

3-Jun

Philippines

3.4

2.8

3.1

0.6

0.3

ARMM

6.3

4.9

6.4

1.4

1.5

Basilan

2.2

2.2

1.4

0

-0.8

Lanao del Sur

6.2

5.4

6.8

0.8

1.5

Maguindanao

9.6

7.4

8

2.3

0.6

Sulu

4.7

3.6

4.1

1.1

0.5

Tawi-Tawi

4.4

2.2

9.1

2.3

6.9

Some Critical Events Poverty status is measured every three (3) years and the worsening of the poverty incidence in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao from 2003 to 2006 is attributed to the following events in the country, such as: 1)June 2005 - Implementation of jeepney fare hike, 2) February 2006 - Implementation of the E-VAT law, 3) 2002 to 2006 - No increase in salaries of government employees, 4) Series of oil price increases, 5) Armed conflicts that forced people to flee their homes, 6) Floods, dry season and pests that affected the agriculture produce of the region.

3.6 SOCIAL SERVICES 3.6.1 Health 3.6.1.1 Health Facilities Lanao del Sur has a total of thirteen (13) hospitals, six (6) of which are government owned. These hospitals are classified as primary and secondary. There are twelve (12) primary hospitals with 25 beds capacity and one (1) secondary hospital with a capacity of 100 beds. The Amai Pakpak General Hospital was previously under the IPHO but was converted to a Medical Center by virtue of the Congressional Bill of the late Congressman Mamintal Adiong Sr. It is noted that the five (5) government hospitals have their own catchment areas namely; Wao District Hospital with 25 beds capacity that caters the municipalities of Wao and Bumbaran. The Tamparan District Hospital with 25 beds capacity covers the Municipality of Tamparan and the

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 nearby towns of Lumba Bayabao, Poona Bayabao, Masiu, Maguing, Mulondo, Taraka, Lumbayanague, Butig, Lumbatan, Sultan Domalondong and Lumbaca Unayan. In the Municipality of Malabang lies the Dr. Serapio B. Montaner District Hospital with 25 beds capacity covering the coastal towns of Picong, Balabagan, Kapatagan and part of Calanogas. The Balindong Municipal Hospital (10 beds capacity) caters the health needs of the municipalities of Balindong, Tugaya, Bacolod-Kalawi, Madalum, Madamba and Ganassi. In the Municipality of Binidayan also lies the Unayan Municipal Hospital with 10 beds capacity. This hospital covers the towns of Bayang, part of Ganassi, Pualas and Calanogas. There is a need to upgrade existing hospital facilities for hospital licensing and accreditation purposes. The Tamparan District Hospital is upgrading to 100 bed capacity through the Islamic Development Bank. Hopefully it will become a Provincial Hospital while other hospitals need to be renovated for the improvement in delivery of basic health services. The occupancy rate, as shown in table 64 below ranges from 37% to 80% per hospital. These hospitals are supported through the MOOE of each district office operating it. Tamparan District and Unayan District Hospital has the highest hospital utilization rate at 81% while Balindong District recorded at 37%. Table 64: List of Government Hospitals, Lanao del Sur Name of Hospital 1. Tamparan District Hospital 2. Balindong Municipal Hospital 3. Dr. Serapio B. Montaner Memorial Hospital 4. Unayan Municipal Hospital 5. Wao District Hospital

No. of mun. served

No. of Bed Capacity

Category

Occupancy Rate

PhilHEALTH Accreditation Yes No

11

25

Secondary

80.01%

6

10

Primary

37%

5

25

Secondary

60%

5

10

Primary

81%

2

25

Secondary

55%

√ X

Source: IPHO Lanao del Sur, 2007

Rural Health Units and Barangay Health Stations A total of 63 Barangay Health Stations and 26 Rural Health Units (RHUs) cover the entire province. Every Rural Health Unit is manned by a doctor, nurses, midwives, RSI and med-tech. The services of dentists are scheduled due to their limited number. Barangay Health Stations are

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 manned by midwives and Barangay health workers whose services are voluntary in nature. Due to inadequate number of health facilities, the HKI has recognized the need to have alternative means of adding more structures. The Health and Nutrition Post which was piloted in 3 barangays each of Wao and Balindong proved to be very beneficial for far flung areas. Existing RHUs and BHS need to undergo renovations and upgrading for accreditation purposes to ensure a quality health service being rendered. There are municipalities without health centers wherein personnel are stationed in waiting sheds to do their routine services like immunization, and consultations. There is a need to decentralize health services from main RHUs to catchment barangays for services to be at a reach to the community. Midwives are assigned in these barangays and need BHS where they can station themselves with the equipments are safe and where clients can regularly go to avail services. One initiative being introduced through the UNFPA target areas is the Birthing Clinic to augment the inadequate facilities especially in far flung areas. The Municipality of Kapatagan has piloted and pioneered the establishment of a Birthing Home thru the Mayor’s initiative. Also, a rational plan for the health facilities is important to maximize the existing ones and to identify where they are strategically needed. Table 65: Distribution of Health Facilities by District Health Office (As of 2006) District Office

No. of Mun.

Number of

No. of RHU

Hospitals Gov’t.

Private

Permanent

Temp

No. of BHS

Pop/District

Tamparan District

11

1

4

7

5

213,497

Balindong District

6

1

2

3

3

135,589

Unayan District IPHO catchment

5 10

1 0

1 7

1 0

1 6

84,873 192,208

Wao District Malabang District

2 5

1 1

1

2 4

0 1

16 8

39

5

1

20

12

39

49,296 111,372 786,837

Total

Source: IPHO, Lanao del Sur, 2007

The table below shows the personnel-to-population ratio of the different field health personnel. The RHPs is almost at par with the standard ratio.The Public Health Nurses serves 40,000 each pop which is higher in 50% than the standard. The RHMs has a glaring need and

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 demand putting it to 53 more RHMS to be employed to meet the 1:5,000 ratio. There is a need to recruit more BHWs to augment the lack of manpower in the field. Table 66: Field Health Service Personnel and Ratio to Population (2006)

Position RHP (incl 2 LFH, 2 DTTB) PHN (field) RHM (incl 7 LGU paid) RSI Sanitary Engr Dentist Dental Aide Med Tech BHWs TBAs

No. of Personnel

PersonnelPop Ratio

Standard Ratio

Needed

43 19

1:20,000 pop 1:40,000 pop

1:20,000 pop 1:10,000-20,000

0 20

111

1:7,500 pop

1-3,000-5,000 pop

52

37 2 9 4 12 1,050 266

1:21,000 pop 1:375,000 pop 1:100,000 pop 1:160,000 pop 1:65,000 pop 1:120 HH 1:1,600 pop

1;40,000 pop

11

1:20 HH

5,000

Source: IPHO, Lanao del Sur Province 2007 * 2 RHPs are from Leaders for Health Program * 2 RHPs are from DTTB Program * 2 RHMs are LGU Paid at Kapatagan and Calanogas Municipal Govt. * 4 RHMs are LGU paid by Wao Municipal Govt. * 1 RHMs paid as Temporary at IPHO catchment * 1 RHM paid by Lumbaca Unayan Municipal Govt. * 1 dentist as temporary at IPHO catchment

Table 67 shows the actual number of personnel per district compared to its number of catchment municipalities being served. Tamparan District has more number of doctors with an excess of 6 RHPs while Unayan District has no Rural Health Physician in its Plantilla while Balindong District has only 2 RHP in plantilla considering the 6 municpalities it serves. This was brought about by the division of districts in the past. Currently, the lack of staff at Balindong and Unayan is being partly addressed by re-assigning personnel from districts with excess staff. Yet, there are still municipalities without physicians, nurses and RSIs. Table 67: Distribution of Field Personnel based on District Plantilla Position District Office 1. 2.

Tamparan District Balindong District

3.

Unayan District

No. of Catchment Mun

No. of RHPs

No. of PHNs

No of Midwives

No. of RSI

11

17

2

30

14

6 5

2 0

2 1

11 6

4 0

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 IPHO catchment

10

10

8

28

15

5.

Wao District

2

2

2

8

1

6.

Malabang District

5 39

8 39

4 19

19 103

3 37

4.

Total

Source: IPHO, Lanao del Sur Province 2007

3.6.1.2 General Health Status Crude Birth Rate There were 16,968 live births registered in year 2006, for crude birth rate (CBR) 23 per 1,000 populations. 48% were males and 52% females. 90% of the deliveries were at home, 6% at health facilities and 4 % unknown. They were delivered mostly by midwives at 55 %, nurses at 1.8 %, doctors at 4.8 %, trained hilot at 21.7 %, untrained hilots at 12.5%. The live births were under reported since most of the parents did not register births at the local civil registry especially those far flung areas. Figure 24: Crude Birth Rate 23 22 21

CBR

20 19 18 CBR

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

20.2

21.2

22.69

22.1

22.6

Source: IPHO 2007

Crude Death Rate: FHSIS reports showed a total of 1,253 deaths in 2006. Of the total deaths, 748 were males and 505 were females with Crude Death Rate of 1.67. The lowest of the rate was in 2004 at 0.83. These data were facilitybased and were not reflective of the actual number of deaths. Problem with registering death at the Local Civil Registry still exist. Only when families need official documents for claim do they register their deaths. Figure 25: Crude Death Rate

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 2 1.5 CDR

1 0.5 0

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

1.9

1.76

0.83

1.88

1.67

CDR

Source: IPHO 2007

Leading Causes of Mortality and Morbidity For the general population, it is observed that 6 out of 10 leading causes of morbidities are infectious in nature like pneumonia, diarrhea, bronchitis and others. While 7 out of 10 leading causes of deaths are lifestyle-related diseases. It is to be taken note that these health indicators are facility-based data that have its own limitation. This is consistent with the Philippine national figures and trends. Table 68: Leading Causes of Morbidity, Lanao del Sur

2005 1. Diarrhea 2. Skin Diseases 3. Influenza 4. Pneumonia 5. Bronchitis 6. Gastritis 7. Parasitism 8. Hypertension 9. Conjunctivitis 10. Pulmonary Tuberculosis

2006 1. Diarrhea 2. Influenza 3. Skin Diseases 4. Bronchitis 5. Pneumonia 6. Gastritis 7. Hypertension 8. Parasitism 9. Tuberculosis 10. Kidney Diseases

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

Table 69: Leading Causes of Mortality, Lanao del Sur

2005 1. CVA 2. Pneumonia 3. Gunshot Wound 4. PTB 5. Diarrhea 6. CVD 7. Cancer, all forms 8. Stillbirths 9. COPD 10. Typhoid Fever

2006 1. CVD 2. CVA 3. Pneumonia 4. Peptic Ulcer 5. Cancer, all forms 6. Pulmonary TB 7. Diarrhea 8. Accident 9. Gunshot Wound 10. Unknown

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Maternal Mortality Ratio Table 70: Leading Causes of Maternal Mortality for year 2006

1. 2. 3. 4.

Cause Post Partum Hemorrhage Retained Placenta Placenta Previa Pre-eclampsia Total

Number 14 2 1 1 18

Rate .825 .118 .06 .06 1.063 %

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

Postpartum Hemorrhage is the number one cause of maternal mortality in the province of Lanao del Sur .Other causes of maternal deaths are complications related to pregnancy like pre-eclampsia and placenta previa occurring in the course of labor, delivery, and postpartum. Also maternal care starts at the time of conception when mothers are expected to pay their first visit to the RHU/BHS for the 1 st pre-natal visits. Therein, she is expected to receive the package of maternal services but only a small portion of them receive Ferrous Sulfate, Vitamin A and Tetanus Toxoid injection due to lack of these supplies. Only 6 out of 10 pregnant mothers were able to complete the 3 pre-natal visits in the whole course of pregnancy. Hence, mothers fail to have birth plans. The failure to identify early warning signs and symptoms of complications of pregnancies pave way to maternal deaths. This is an underestimated value considering the common practice in the area of burying the dead within 24 hours without documentation and the lack of interest in the filing of death certifications. Figure 26: Percentage of Births by Attendance: rhms nurses

5%

trained TBAs

13%

untrained TBAs 57%

23%

2%

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

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Doctors


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 27: Percentage of Births attended by Place of Delivery: 3.4 6.1

home hosp/RHU others 90.5

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

The home deliveries in Lanao del Sur in 2006 account for the 90.5%. (National=64.6%) and only 6.1% are delivered at the health facilities, the rest are in transit. Of these deliveries, 57% were delivered by midwives, 23% by trained TBAs, 13% by untrained TBAs, and only 5% by doctors and 2% by nurses. Presently, the DOH is geared on facility-based deliveries to prevent undue maternal deaths. There is very low coverage of maternal health services in the province (Source: IPHO Lanao del Sur FHSIS, 2006) as shown below: Table 71: Maternal Health Services in the Province

Pregnant women with 3 or more ante natal visits Pregnant women with 2 or more injections of tetanus toxoid Pregnant women with iron supplementation (180 tabs) Home Deliveries Deliveries attended by health professionals Postpartum with at least 1 PP visit 7. Postpartum initiated breastfeeding

66% 62% 17% 90% 61% 75% 73.5%

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

Infant Mortality Rate Table 72: Leading Causes of Infant Mortality (Per thousand Live births)

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CAUSE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

RATE (per 1,000 live births) 1.061 0.766 0.059 0.236 0.236 0.177 0.117 0.059

NUMBER 18 13 10 4 4 3 2 1

Diarrhea Pneumonia Sepsis Neonatorum Severe Malnutrition Neonatal Asphyxia Prematurity GI Obstruction SIDS

Source: IPHO FHSIS 2007

The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is 2.7 per 1,000 live births, (national average of 23 per 1,000 live births (based on 2006 FPS). The leading causes of deaths before one year of age are diarrhea, pneumonia, and sepsis neonatorum, severe malnutrition, neonatal asphyxia, prematurity. Fully Immunized Children Figure 28: Percentage of Fully Immunized Children

88 86 84 82 80 78 76 74

2003

2004

2005

2006

84

86.5

80

78.8

Source: IPHO 2007

The fully immunized children coverage of Lanao del Sur had significantly decreased for the past 3 years. For 2006, it had gone down to 78.8 % owing to the 3 municipalities which did not have facilities and health workers, referring to the newly created Lumbaca Unayan, the conflict afflicted Tubaran and the hard to reach Tagoloan municipalities. Other factors like inadequate number of staff, under staffed RHUs, and lack of supplies such as syringes are to be blamed with the decrease in the coverage of fully immunized children. Traditional and cultural beliefs also affect the program, coupled with inadequate health education in the part of the health workers.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Contraceptive Prevalence Rate Figure 29: Contraceptive Prevalence Rate for years 2003-2006 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

C

2003

2004

2005

2006

27.7

31.2

34

33

Source: IPHO, HKI Survey

The Family Planning program aims to provide information and health services to adolescents regarding their Reproductive Health and married couples in exercising their freedom to determine the size of their families and free will to space their Children through the use of different Family Planning Methods. There were a total of 29,182 for current users and new acceptors province wide for the year 2006 and 13,628 of which used pills, 2,286 for IUD, 5,897 for DMPA, 4,001 for condom. 2,453 of which had chosen Lactational Amenorrhea Method but only few of them opted Female Sterilization having the number of 396 and male sterilization of 23. Natural Family Planning had a number of 335 acceptors. The Contraceptive Prevalence Rate of the province posted at 33% from 34% in 2005. Table 73: Number of Current Users and New Acceptors for Family Planning

Current User Family Planning

IPHO

BDH

UDH

DSBMMH

TDH

WDH

TOTAL

Pills IUD DMPA Condom BTL Vasectomy NFP SDM Withdrawal LAM

1880 113 1618 533 3 0 1 0 0 382

1367 4 726 1591 4 0 8 0 0 789

457 0 156 504 0 0 0 7 46 193

6161 1369 1443 375 69 2 274 29 1 119

1961 46 718 680 9 0 0 0 0 111

1267 640 806 17 256 21 0 4 0 52

13093 2172 5467 3858 341 23 283 40 40 1640

( 110 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Calendar Method Total

0 4530

0 4489

6 1369

0 9842

0 3525

0 3221

6 26970

New Acceptors Family Planning

IPHO

BDH

UDH

DSBMMH

TDH

WDH

TOTAL

Pills IUD DMPA Condom BTL Vasectomy NFP SDM Withdrawal LAM Calendar Method Total

126 18 136 26 0 0 4 0 8 287

205 0 87 22 0 0 14 0 4 260

15 0 6 19 0 0 0 0 23 37

96 33 21 26 13 0 29 4 4 151

21 0 14 21 0 0 5 0 0 24

72 63 166 29 42 0 0 1 1 54

535 114 430 143 55 0 52 5 5 813

0 605

4 596

21 121

0 373

0 90

0

25

Source : IPHO- Annual Report 2006

The tables shown above show a decline in the number of Family Planning Acceptors which may be due to the phase out of free supplies being provided by Foreign Donor like that of USAID. In response to the phasing out of FP Commodities, four (4) Pop Shops were established located at 3 UNFPA Pilot municipalities namely Kapatagan, Marantao, Bubong and Provincial Health Office which will serve as a supplier of FP commodities in the neighboring towns/municipalities. Nutrition Program Malnutrition is most of the time the underlying cause of death in children because their bodies’ defenses fall short in combating the disease. At times, it becomes the cause of death as recorded in the FHSIS of IPHO, Lanao del Sur when in the past years, it has recorded SEVERE MALNUTRITION as one of the leading cause of death, placing it in the 4 th cause of infant mortality. Based on the Operation Timbang being done simultaneously in the 1 st quarter of every year, for 2006, there was a province wide OPT coverage of 61 %, meaning for every 10 children ages 0-71 months old, 6 were weighed. This could be attributed to the lack of personnel to conduct the mass weighing and the inadequate number of weighing scales to be used. Strategies to combat this were conceived and supported by HKI when early last year, 6 Health and Nutrition Post were established with community involvement , when Health

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Nutrition Task Force were actively involved composed of different stakeholders from the community. Figure 30: Malnutrition Rates (0-71 months old): 25.3 30.00

20.00

12.3

10.7

10.00

0.00

2004

2005

2006

Below Norm al (VLW)

0.76

0.84

0.81

Below Norm al (LW)

25.3

10.7

12.3

Source: IPHO, 2007

Of the children weighed in 2006, a total of 13% were below normal and categorically considered as malnourished, 12.3% had low weight and 0.8 % were very low weight. There was an increase of 3% from 2005. A Baseline Nutrition and Food Security Assessment conducted by the FNRI-DOST on August 2006 covering the 25 municipalities of Lanao del Sur covered by the World Food Program showed that 29% of the children were underweight while the prevalence of Anemia in children is 43.4%, , Anemia in pregnant women is 54.2% and 50.8% for lactating mothers. One strategy currently done is the nationwide bi-yearly Garantisadong Pambata which targets below 6 years old children with the universal supplementation of Vitamin A and other package of services which included dental check up, deworming, weighing, immunization and others. GP universal coverage for 2006 was 87.4 % for 6-11 months old and 91.5% for 12-71 months. There was no problem with the GP supplies since it was coming from the DOH-Central but there was no clear-cut logistic as to where to get the Vitamin A for routine supplementation for high-risk patients. Likewise with Iron supplementation for anemia, for the past years, no supplies were being given by the IPHO. Table 74: Iron Supplementation Coverage (%) 2003-2006 Target Children Pregnant mothers Post Partum Mothers

2003

2004

2005

2006

0

0

0

0

44

29.5

19

17

49.5

36

22

22

Source : IPHO, 2007

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Data show that poverty is one factor that causes malnutrition based on the assessment done on food security of the 25 municipalities in Lanao del Sur. 16.3% of the mothers and 6.6% of the children experienced not eating for the whole day because there was no food or money to buy food. Projects by the World Food Program on Food Rationing to target population, 6-24 months, pregnant and lactating mothers, is on its 2 nd year of implementation wherein the objective is to improve the nutrition status of said target pop in 25 piloted municipalities. Another factor that can contribute to the increase malnutrition rate of Lanao del Sur is the poor knowledge of caregivers on good nutrition and proper feeding practices. This is also compounded with the lack of knowledge of the health workers in the preparation of complimentary and supplementary feeding. 3.6.2 Education The education in the province is quite impressive compared to other tribes of the 13 ethno-linguistic groups of the Muslims. Unlike in the past, particularly during the American occupation, the Maranaos were apprehensive of sending their children to school. Today, the Maranaos considered education as the best method of emancipating their family from the bondage of ignorance that breed poverty and social isolation from the fast changing world of intellectual advancement. Education is now considered as luxurious business in the province manifested by the emergence of various private pre-school, elementary and secondary programs. Although these private schools are concentrated in the City of Marawi, people from the nearby municipalities are sending their children to private schools in the city disregarding the risk involved in the day- to-day travel engaged by their small children. As compared to other Muslim tribes in the country, there are more Maranaos occupying high positions in the government, either in national, regional or local level showing that there is a great number of educated Maranaos than the other Muslim tribes in the country. The presence of Mindanao State University-Marawi Campus boasts the growing Muslim participation in the post secondary education. The University also offers a better chance for the Maranaos to pursue collegiate courses since only a few can afford to enroll in the private schools. 3.6.2.1 Elementary Education The province of Lanao del Sur is divided into two school divisions, Division I and Division II. These divisions are subdivided further into different districts. The 17 municipalities of the 1 st congressional district and one (1)

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 municipality from the 2nd congressional district are under the supervision of the Department of Education (DepEd), Lanao del Sur Division I. Some of the municipalities are subdivided into one or more districts with a total of 35 districts as of SY 2007-2008. Table 75: Municipalities and Number of Districts in Lanao del Sur Division I, SY 2007- 2008 MUNICIPALITY

NUMBER OF DISTRICTS

Balindong Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain Kapai/Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao Maguing Marantao Masiu Molundo Piagapo Poona Bayabao Saguiaran Tamparan Taraka Wao

2 1 2 1 3 1 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 3 2 2 3

TOTAL Source: Department of Education, Lanao del Sur, 2007

35

On the other hand, Lanao del Sur Division II covered the whole of the 21 municipalities under the 2 nd congressional district of the province. Like the Lanao del Sur Division I, some of the municipalities are subdivided into one or more districts with a total of 33 districts as of 2007-2008. Table 76: Municipalities and Number of Districts in Lanao del Sur Division II, SY 200708 MUNICIPALITY

NUMBER OF DISTRICTS

Bacolod Grande/Kalawi Balabagan Bayang Binidayan Butig Calanogas Ganassi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Malabang

2 2 3 1 1 1 3 1 1 2 1 2 2 2

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Marogong Pagayawan Pualas Sultan Dumalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya TOTAL

1 1 2 1 1 1 2 33

Source: Department of Education, Lanao del Sur, 2007

It may be noted that the number of districts for both the 1 st and 2nd congressional districts are too many as compared to other provinces. The subdivision of the municipalities into several districts aimed at delivering effective and efficient supervision on the part of the school division management. The distribution of elementary schools into several divisions offers a better access to education among the children in the rural areas. It could be noted that a large portion of the province are basically rural in terms of population, infrastructure facilities, and delivery of basic social services.

3.6.2.1.1 Enrolment in Public Elementary Schools As mentioned earlier, the people of the province showed an impressive interest to education as instrument in overcoming the social malady of ignorance and lately transformed educational institution as a productive business ventures. Accordingly, the report of Division I showed that there is an increase in enrollment every year. Division II has lower enrollment compared to Division I. The comparative gap of enrollment between the two divisions is explained by the fact that there are more rural municipalities under the supervision of division II. The proximity of these municipalities to urban centers where more productive economic activities took place give another explanation to the lesser number of enrollment in the DepEd Division II of the province. 3.6.2.1.2 Performance Indicators in Public Elementary Schools The performance indicators report of Division I showed that there was an increasing participation rate for the past four years. In the SY 1997-1998 the participation rate was registered at 58.88 and increased to 63.08 in SY 20002001 and further increased to 65.44 in SY 2004-2005. There was also an increasing promotion rate from 94.69 to 114.68 within the same SY years. In the same manner, cohort survival rate also increased from 28.36 to 30.55 to 37.44 in the SY 1997-1998, SY 2000-2001 and SY 2004-2005, respectively.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Unlike in the Division I, the trend of the participation rate in Division II was fluctuating because from 97.34 in the SY 1997-1998, it decreased to 68.20 in SY 2000-2001 and then increased to 95.82 in SY 2004-2005. Similarly, Drop out rate also fluctuated because from 2.11, it decreased to 1.94 and then increased to 8.44 in the same school years. Promotion rate had shown a decreasing trend, from 95.62 to 95.33 within a four-year period. Cohort survival rate, on the otherhand, fluctuated from 24.29 to 23.99 to 25.22 in the same years. Table 77: Number of Schools and Teachers by District – Elementary Level: DISTRICT LANAO DEL SUR - I 1. Balindong I 2. Balindong II 3. Buadi Puso Buntong 4. Bubong I 5. Bubong II 6. Bumbaran 7. Ditsaan Ramain I 8. Ditsaan Ramain II 9. Ditsaan Ramain III 10. Kapai Tagoloan 11. Lumba Bayabao I 12. Lumba Bayabao II 13. Lumba Bayabao III 14. Maguing 15. Marantao I 16. Marantao II 17. Masiu I 18. Masiu II 19. Masiu District 20. Molundo 21. Piagapo East 22. Piagapo West 23. Poona Bayabao East 24. Poona Bayabao North 25. Poona Bayabao South 26. Saguiaran I 27. Saguiaran II 28. Saguiaran III 29. Tamparan I 30. Tamparan District 31. Taraka I 32. Taraka II 33. Wao I 34. Wao II 35. South Wao LANAO DEL SUR - II 1. Bacolod 2. Balabagan South

No. of Schools

No. Teachers

Primary 12 15 6 7 9 5 1 3 13 7 4 6 4 14 5 1 12 3 6 5 5

Elementary 8 4 5 3 2 5 4 3 2 5 3 4 3 8 6 7 8 6 7 4 2 4

TOTAL 20 19 11 10 11 10 4 4 5 18 10 8 9 12 20 12 9 18 10 10 7 9

5 3 2 4 9 4 3 4 1 4 6 2

4 6 2 4 4 4 3 3 6 6 5 4

9 9 4 8 13 8 6 7 7 10 11 6

193

5 1

4 5

9 6

78 55

( 116 )

M

F

TOTAL 109 132 77 74 60 38 83 61 56 68 79 63 54 92 151 142 119 161 103 50 93

61 69 56 84 95 58 61 121 51 -


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33.

Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West

5 5 10 11 10 2 5 3 6 6 5 5 5 8 12 8 2 1 7 8 4 7 5 1 2 3 10 12 4 3

3 3 5 6 10 4 3 3 3 2 4 4 3 4 10 2 5 3 2 3 5 2 6 4 2 2 3 3 7 4

8 8 15 17 20 6 8 6 9 8 9 9 8 12 22 10 7 4 9 11 9 9 11 5 4 5 13 15 11 7

50 112 87 105 117 40 67 54 80 47 108 31 42 83 37 111 37 47 37 48 93 135 48 36 56 46 24 73 68 137 69

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007 Table 78: Summary of Existing Classrooms and its Conditions No. of Rooms Existing

No. of Rooms in Good Condition

No. of Rooms Needing Minor Repair

No. of Rooms Needing Major Repair

No. of Rooms Beyond Repair

No. of Rooms Needed (Shortage)

Balindong I

120

27

31

41

21

-

Balindong II

129

39

50

40

-

-

Buadi Puso Buntong

101

10

48

31

12

-

Bubong I

70

6

30

22

12

-

Bubong II

72

22

24

16

10

-

Bumbaran

33

-

16

11

6

26

Ditsaan Ramain I

61

8

48

4

1

-

DISTRICT

LANAO DEL SUR – I

( 117 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Ditsaan Ramain II

73

36

18

10

9

-

Ditsaan Ramain III

65

8

20

31

6

-

Kapai Tagoloan

67

-

6

21

40

20

Lumba Bayabao I

91

12

34

36

9

-

Lumba Bayabao II

73

23

11

33

6

-

Lumba Bayabao III

52

15

22

12

3

-

Maguing

129

16

56

50

7

-

Marantao I

134

26

50

51

7

-

Marantao II

135

45

30

39

21

-

Masiu I

65

40

17

6

2

42

Masiu II

168

30

77

50

11

-

Masiu District

139

32

45

49

13

-

30

-

22

22

3

23

162

31

82

39

10

-

55

-

23

24

8

114

33

7

9

14

3

21

Saguiaran II

17

23

32

61

1

-

Saguiaran III

54

23

8

14

9

-

Tamparan I

95

21

28

44

2

34

Tamparan District

83

34

15

26

8

10

Taraka I

52

28

9

15

-

3

Taraka II

72

33

20

15

4

-

Wao I

199

73

49

62

15

-

Wao II

83

49

17

17

5

-

11

21

13

23

57

Balabagan South

8

19

14

22

67

Balabagan North

5

16

27

19

50

Bayang Lower

5

13

15

29

66

Bayang Upper

23

25

24

38

55

8

16

13

32

100

24

38

23

47

118

DISTRICT - II

Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I

South Wao LANAO DEL SUR - II Bacolod

Binidayan Butig

( 118 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Calanogas

14

17

13

10

37

3

27

5

20

41

Ganassi Center

12

31

14

19

63

Ganassi East

16

15

25

19

59

18

37

28

18

111

Kapatagan

5

14

13

7

47

Lumbaca Unayan

8

14

7

13

31

8

29

18

6

50

Lumbayanague

26

38

18

44

92

Madalum North

7

14

8

1

31

Madalum South

13

22

26

9

74

Madamba Lower

8

13

12

6

41

Madamba Upper

8

17

5

12

46

Malabang North

21

16

20

32

102

Malabang South

8

18

67

17

103

Marogong

3

21

18

10

35

13

18

19

29

51

3

21

19

22

43

12

13

6

28

4

3

4

8

22

13

15

17

12

49

7

15

25

14

50

Tugaya East

25

33

25

25

139

Tugaya West

5

13

17

13

75

Diwan

Ganassi West Kalawi

Lumbatan I Lumbatan II

Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

Table 79: Division Enrolment Profile, Participation, Completion, Dropout, Cohort Survival rate by Elementary Level (By District) DISTRICT LANAO SUR - I Balindong Balindong Buadi Buntong Bubong I

ENROLMENT

PARTICIPATION (%)

COMPLETION (%)

DROPOUT (%)

COHORT Survival (%)

4,260 5,280 3,128

75.44 76.15 47.81

22.53 19.64 31.82

7.63 7.94 10.04

22.53 19.64 31.83

2,572

65.61

36.88

11.90

36.88

DEL I II Puso

( 119 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II Lumba Bayabao III Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu District Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan District Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao LANAO DEL SUR – II Bacolod Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas

3,032 2,677 2,360

81.90 73.87 77.33

26.81 76.99 37.40

9.47 10.01 11.82

26.81 47.85 37.40

2,692

69.61

30.67

11.22

30.67

2,909

83.47

40.19

9.93

40.19

3,608

56.09

21.53

10.59

21.53

3,002

68.98

30.17

9.73

32.64

2,156

50.55

52.92

11.97

54.87

2,515

70.51

51.79

9.90

53.94

3,203 5,488 4,952 4,358 5,715 4,139 2,193 2,075 2,610

34.75 83.82 77.07 64.63 86.76 70.21 38.69 55.90 60.54

24.60 18.21 18.80 53.36 14.79 41.37 29.23 21.76 48.36

10.18 7.80 8.54 8.88 8.43 9.13 12.81 14.36 9.47

25.61 18.63 19.04 56.24 15.11 41.37 29.23 21.76 49.39

4,880

85.20

44.40

7.79

44.79

2,951

74.71

29.51

11.11

29.78

2,220 3,088 2,193 3,286 5,195

44.73 79.75 58.50 61.65 91.48

49.54 26.59 32.34 67.53 37.20

11.66 9.26 12.40 9.07 8.14

49.54 26.59 32.34 67.53 67.53

2,072 2,105 2,344 2,676 3,169

47.31 36.24 51.94 59.40 64.50

35.60 50.21 53.16 49.31 63.58

9.75 11.31 11.65 10.24 10.35

35.60 50.21 53.16 49.31 63.58

2,415 2,235

96 95

26 26

8.09 8.10

25.20 24.75

1,905

97

25

8.32

25.75

3,150 2,766 4,169 4,391 1,610

96 95 97 97 96

25 25 26 25 25

8.50 8.47 8.50 8.43 8.40

24.30 25.75 23.75 26.75 25.75

( 120 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West

2,434 1,337

97 97

26 25

8.35 8.25

24.75 20.75

2,418 15,725 3,767 1,918 1,183

97 96 96 98 97

25 25 26 26 25

8.18 8.50 8.47 8.57 8.50

23.75 25.75 24.75 25.75 23.75

2,389 2,845 1,036 2,228

97 97 97 97 97

25 25 25 26 25

8.25 8.50 8.40 8.50 8.30

24.75 26.75 24.75 24.75 25.75

1,373

96

25

8.45

24.75

1,638

96

25

8.50

25.75

3,858

98

26

8.57

26.50

3,230

98

26

8.56

25.50

1,360 1,549 1,583 1,295 867

97 96 67 97 97

25 25 26 25 26

8.50 8.57 8.50 8.56 8.57

24.75 25.75 26.75 24.75 25.75

2,238

97

26

8.57

25.75

1,766 1,766 4,456

96 96 98

25 25 26

8.55 8.55 8.50

25.75 25.75 26.75

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007 Table 80: Enrolment VS. Number of Usable Textbook– Elementary Level (By District and by Subject, 2005-2006)

DISTRICT LANAO DEL SUR - I Balindong I Balindong II Buadi Puso Buntong Bubong I Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II

No. of TOTAL BOOKS Enrolment ENGLISH SCIENCE MATH 4,139 5,001 2,950 2,440 3,295 2,397 2,131 2,535 2,264 3,513 2,877 2,078

2,043 1,774 918 992 2,126 712 297 649 214 405 120

( 121 )

689 725 772 551 1,015 429 267 906 96 94 120

1,513 1,741 886 1,298 1,916 371 665 185 441 116

FILIPINO 1,487 1,211 798 1,337 1,808 736 311 757 192 558 116


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Lumba Bayabao III Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu District Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan District Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao TOTAL PUPIL/BOOK RATIO LANAO DEL SUR - II Bacolod Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South

2,338 3,182 5,487 4,990 4,091 5,946 3,953 2,223

302 1,256 838 950 652 337 1,740 803

124 1,072 641 788 462 132 397 -

298 1,117 765 964 688 326 1,453 -

313 1,133 816 909 613 321 1,422 -

5,547

1,399

962

1,557

1,001

7,336

-

-

-

-

2,164 3,030 2,050 3,617 5,011 2,207 2,169 5,211 2,409

828 965 965 1,989 986 1,114 166 4,171 1,909

393 679 457 1,821 569 865 149 1,592 472

868 1,024 723 2,067 960 997 201 3,071 1,303

771 895 183 1,845 787 1,249 171 3,065 1,193

108,750 1.29

31,620 1.16

17,239 1.25

27,514

25,998 1.24

2,214 2,235 1,905 3,150 2,766 4,169 4,391 1,610 2,434 1,337 2,418 1,575 3,767 1,918 1,183 2,389

972 630 1,160 1,045 1,080 1,850 2,145 730 690 1,707 1,080 1,707 1,915 735 500 890

561 550 591 610 690 870 890 650 650 800 780 900 760 530 491 790

1,361 1,201 1,450 1,220 1,310 1,360 840 620 830 870 720 910 890 670 380 640

1,200 1,090 1,003 900 830 1,004 940 560 968 820 570 390 1,020 490 456 870

2,845 1,036 2,228 1,373 1,668 3,858 3,361 1,360 1,549 1,583

3,117 710 320 690 460 1,600 1,430 400 700 830

1,500 610 420 580 510 891 910 350 590 680

730 510 370 701 358 1,521 1,629 620 580 610

780 620 530 609 270 1,300 1,200 900 700 630

( 122 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West TOTAL

1,295 867 2,238 1,766 4,456 2,600

510 794 1,593 1,820 4,892 990

490 440 640 850 250 260

470 346 530 710 260 230

700 280 410 510 600 500

PUPIL/BOOK RATIO Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007 Table 81: Teacher/Pupil, Classroom/Pupil, Seating/Pupil and Book/Pupil Ratios – Elementary Level (By District, 2004 -2005) DISTRICT LANAO DEL SUR - I Balindong I Balindong II Buadi Puso Buntong Bubong I Bubong II Bumbaran Ditsaan Ramain I Ditsaan Ramain II Ditsaan Ramain III Kapai Tagoloan Lumba Bayabao I Lumba Bayabao II Lumba Bayabao III Maguing Marantao I Marantao II Masiu I Masiu II Masiu III Molundo Piagapo East Piagapo West Poona Bayabao East Poona Bayabao North Poona Bayabao South Saguiaran I Saguiaran II Saguiaran III Tamparan I Tamparan II Taraka I Taraka II Wao I Wao II South Wao LANAO DEL SUR - II

Teacher/Pupil Ratio

Classroom/Pupil Ratio

Seating/Pupil Ratio

Book/Pupil Ratio

1:38.73 1:40.93 1:41.16 1:35.23 1:54.14 1:62.16 1:31.05 1:44.13 1:54.89 1:57.27 1:38.99 1:33.69 1:48.37 1:34.07 1:36.59 1:36.41 1:36.32 1:35.28 1:39.42 1:43 1:62.12 1:71.63

1:40.57 1:40.31 1:47.39 1:44.34 1:49.70 1:53.54 1:45.38 1:44.13 1:70.95 1:61.15 1:39.50 1:37.17 1:51.33 1:38.59 1:40.35 1:38.09 1:40.73 1:37.85 1:40.98 1:39.16 1:52.92 1:55.98

1.64 1.25 1.81 1.48 .85 3.87 2.45 1.13 4.05 1.52 1.24 1.18 3.57 1.60 2.10 1.85 1.64 3.52 1.97 1.39 1.64 1.71

1:4 1:4 1:4 1:5 1:4 1:4 1:5 1:4 1:3 1:5 1:4 1:5 1:4 1:5 1:5 1:4 1:4 1:5 1:4 1:4 1:5 1:5

1:46.27 1:48.06 1:35.24 1:45.41 1:42.17 1:43.81 1:53.01 1:39.09 1:33.95 1:38.43 1:58.17 1:58.69

1:54.18 1:45.15 1:48.26 1:43.49 1:47.67 1:53.00 1:56.47 1:39.09 1:32.89 1:32.56 1:34.75 1:44.01

3.48 1.15 1.71 1.44 2.12 1.79 3.44 1.05 .78 1.42 2.60 1.16

1:4 1:5 1:5 1:4 1:5 1:5 1:5 1:4 1:4 1:4 1:4 1:5

( 123 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Bacolod Balabagan South Balabagan North Bayang Lower Bayang Upper Binidayan Butig Calanogas Diwan Ganassi Center Ganassi East Ganassi West Kalawi Kapatagan Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan I Lumbatan II Lumbayanague Madalum North Madalum South Madamba Lower Madamba Upper Malabang North Malabang South Marogong Pagayawan Pualas South Pualas North Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander Tubaran Tugaya East Tugaya West Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

1:60 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:50 1:60 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:60 1:80 1:80 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:80 1:80

1:10 1:80 1:80 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:60 1:60 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:80 1:80 1:70 1:60 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:70 1:60 1:80 1:70

1:7 1:8 1:8 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:7 1.7 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:6 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:8 1:8 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:8 1:8 1:8

1:8 1:8 1:8 1:7 1:7 1:8 1:7 1:6 1:8 1:8 1:8 1:6 1.7 1:8 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:7 1:7 1:8 1:9 1:8 1:7 1:7 1:7 1:6 1:6 1:8 1:8 1:8

3.6.2.2 Secondary Education There are public and private secondary schools in the province that cater to the needs of the population. 3.6.2.2.1 Public Secondary Education Most of the public secondary schools in the province are national high schools. There are also private secondary schools but are concentrated in the City of Marawi. The records of the DepEd Lanao del Sur Division I show that there are 36 national high schools as of SY 2005-2006. In SY 1997-1998, division I has only 16 national high schools and increased to 20 by the SY 2000-2001. Division II has a total of 52 national high schools as of SY 2004-2005.

( 124 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

Moreover, due to easier accessibility of the City of Marawi from the municipalities under the 1 st congressional district of the province, more parents prefer to send their children for secondary schooling in the city. The municipalities in the 2nd congressional district are not as fortunate as those in the 1 st congressional district because most of the municipalities are situated at the hinterland part of the province where transportation is scarce due to poor infrastructure facilities. 3.6.2.2.2 Enrolment in Public Secondary Schools Public secondary schools in Division I show a continuous increasing trend of total enrolment. In the SY 2005-2006, the total enrolment was 26,418. This figure shows a slight increase of enrolment as compared with 25,620 in SY 2004-2005 and 22,377 in SY 2003-2004. It may be important to note that there is a great difference between the population age 13-16 and the number of enrolment. The difference is attributed to the choices of the parents or the children in giving preference to secondary schools in the City of Marawi, which is more accessible than in the 2 nd district or division of the province. Enrolment in public secondary schools under the supervision of Division II of the province shows a fluctuating trend. In SY 1997-1998 only 10,420 are enroled out of the 25, 103 population ages. This figure slightly increased in the succeeding school year but again decreased the following year. In SY 2004-2005, the enrolment has increased to 29,290. The fluctuating trend of enrolment goes along the increase and decrease number in population of school age 13-16. However, based on the total enrolment in public schools both the 1 and 2nd Division of Lanao del Sur, there is a noticeable increase in number of enrolees in high school level from SY 2003-2004, SY 20042005 and SY 2005-2006. The same trend happened in the private schools of both divisions. Private Madaris Schools also had a greater number of students with the establishment of more Madaris schools in the province. st

Table 82: Number of Enrolment and Teachers – Secondary Level

1. 2. 3. 4.

NAME OF SCHOOL

SY 2003-2004

SY 2004-2005

SY 2005-2006

Sittie Amanie Moh’d Kiram NHS Adiong Memorial NHS Maranao NHS Datu Palawan Disomimba NHS

1,708 1,691 1,377 1,074

1,656 1,574 934 1,239

513 1,561 904 1,239

( 125 )

No. of Pupils per National National Teachers Teacher 5 102.6 34 45.9 21 43.0 25 49.6


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 5. Sultan Macalawi Memorial NHS 6. Maranao NHS (Annex) 7. Sarip Memorial NHS 8. Buadipuso Buntong NHS 9. Sultan Labay Moriatao NHS 10. Aguam Memorial NHS 11. Piagapo NHS 12. Acoon Memorial NHS 13. Kili-Kili NHS 14. Datu-Calaca Memorial NCHS 15. Datu Mitumug Memorial NHS 16. Pagalongan NHS 17. Saguiaran NHS 18. Sampal NHS 19. Benito Memorial NHS 20. Mulondo NHS 21. Bumbaran Memorial NHS 22. Mangurun Memorial NHS 23. Balindong NHS 24. Sultan Alimoddin Memorial NHS 25. Pooni-Lomabao Memorial NHS 26. Benito Memorial NHS (Annex) 27. Sarip Memorial NHS (Annex) 28. Pagalongan NHS (Annex A) 29. Pagalongan NHS (Annex B) 30. Masiricampo Abantas MNHS 31. Ansano Memorial NHS 32. Ragayan NHS 33. M & E Maito Basak NHS 34. Bubonga Marantao NHS 35. Ambor Memorial NHS 36. Sultan Camar Macasalong NHS TOTAL

1,025 1,018 995 957 957 848 822 796 781 779 771 748 715 705 677 657 652 645 630 533 508 308

22,377

1,025 813 871 989 980 643 834 888 669 835 623 536 679 784 610 714 777 719 1,335 692 530 365 279 106 104 511 322 608 194 1,182 25,620

1,025 863 1,073 989 1,146 643 804 888 668 835 623 666 682 756 603 714 777 719 1,035 722 530 247 532 104 106 516 322 608 252 731 820 1,202 26,418

15 19 26 20 24 20 20 18 20 21 11 17 14 11 16 16 10 12 11 2 7 4 6 1 1 1 2 430

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007 Table 83: Overall Enrolment in Public and Private Schools & Numbers of Students, Lanao del Sur 2004 TYPE OF SCHOOLS

PUBLIC SCHOOLS Primary/Elementary Secondary State College/University Madaris

NO.OF SCHOOLS 2004

746 42 4 283 1,075

NUMBER OF STUDENTS SY 1998-99

SY 2002-2003

SY 2003-2004

179,626 21,213 NDA NDA 200,839

200,732 38,803 NDA NDA 239,541

200,977 39,120 NDA NDA 240,097

TOTAL

( 126 )

68.3 45.4 41.3 49.5 47.8 32.2 40.2 49.3 33.4 39.8 56.6 39.2 48.7 68.7 37.7 44.6 77.7 59.9 94.1 361.0 75.7 61.8 88.7 516.0 322.0 608.0 601.0 61.4


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 PRIVATE SCHOOLS

Primary/Elementary Secondary College/Univ.

Madaris TOTAL

6 5 224

159 1,337 27,051

933 22,365 44,593

882 1,752 NDA

235

28,547

67,891

2,632

Source: CHED-ARMM & R-12 DECS, Bureau of Madaris Education ARMM

3.6.2.2.3 Performance Indicators Public Secondary School The highest participation rate in public secondary schools in Division I of the province was recorded in SY 1999-2000 with a total of 17,436.431 but dropped to 436.36 in the following school year. In terms of drop out rate, there was a fluctuating trend with the lowest drop out rate recorded in SY 1998-1999 with only 23.46 while the highest drop out rate which is 92.69 occured in SY 1997-1998. With respect to promotion rate, the trend was continuously increasing. Cohort survival rate was also increasing within the same four-year period. In Division II, the participation rate in public secondary schools fluctuated. The highest participation rate was recorded at 895.72 in SY 1998-1999 while the lowest participation rate of 741.26 happened in SY 1997-1998. In SY 2004-2005, the participation rate was 64.32. Drop out rate continuously increased and dropped only in SY 1999-2001 with 111.5 from 108.36 and 148.81 for SY 1998-1999 and SY 1999-2001, respectively. The promotion rate and cohort survival rate also fluctuated. Both decreased in SY 1998-1999, increased in the following year and increased again in the succeeding school year. Table 84: Enrolment Profile, Participation, Completion, Dropout, Cohort Survival Rates - Secondary Level (2004-2005) SCHOOL 1. Malabang NHS 2. Pualas NHS 3. Butig NHS 4. Tugaya NHS 5. Tataya NHS 6. Bacolod-Kalawi NHS 7. Madalum NHS 8. Lakitan NHS 9. Madamba NHS 10. Ganassi NHS 11. Danugan NHS 12. Calanugas NHS 13. Sultan Gumander NHS 14. Pagayawan NHS

ENROLMENT 2,945 640 1,033 649 565 898 607 739 602 915 326 454 736 798

PARTICIPATION (%) 96 70 95 73 60 90 69 81 70 92 32 56 86 87

( 127 )

COMPLETION (%) 75 52 69 53 65 40 52 41 70 20 37 50 54

DROP OUT (%) 1.40 1.22 1.37 1.29 1.19 1.30 1.30 1.31 1.28 1.39 1.07 1.13 1.34 1.36

COHORT Survival (%) 85.59 50.59 60.96 50.56 45.95 60.80 56.67 50.76 50.96 70.88 39.09 39.67 70.56 70.55


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 15. Marogong NHS 16. Tubaran NHS 17. Bayang NHS 18. Andong NHS 19. Bakikis NHS 20. Mauyag C. Papandayan NHS 21. Nanagun MHS 22. Sittie Ayeesha NHS 23. Datu Maccaguir Sarip Mem. NHS 24. Mananayo NHS 25. Bacolod Grande NHS 26. Sultan Mangalampa Daing NHS 27. Dimarao Mem. NHS 28. Moritao L’mbong NHS 29. Bonsalagan Mem. NHS 30. Kapatan NHS 31. Ontonga-Mikunug MNHS 32. West Unayan NHS 33. Buribid NHS 34. Datu Dimaronsing MNHS 35. Bacayawan NHS 36. Mamasarogan Mem NHS 37. Ampaso Mem. NHS 38. Aguam Bebito NHS 39. Tanggor NHS 40. Balabagan NHS 41. Dilausan NHS 42. Pamaloy NHS 43. Sultan Disimban NHS 44. Sultan Langco MNHS 45. Upper Bayang NHS 46. Balindong Pacalna NHS 47. Tubaran Proper NHS

736 614 697 824 441

80 70 77 89 57

51 50 53 60 29

1.31 1.27 1.37 1.35 1.15

70.65 50.39 50.29 60.76 41.36

508 446 626

72 59 73

39 35 49

1.18 .13 1.23

40.67 42.31 50.30

654 580 699

74 63 78

31 31 41

1.25 1.25 1.27

51.32 51.30 60.09

562 470 477 519 599 465 490 463 674 419 566 677 298 356 450 375 486 300 353 418 494 647

61 58 60 59 68 63 65 64 75 59 74 76 26 30 44 40 36 37 29 40 42 68

36 28 27 27 38 27 25 24 46 23 37 45 25 20 23 21 22 18 19 22 25 42

1.20 1.15 1.11 1.20 1.17 1.10 1.12 1.13 1.21 1.09 1.16 1.20 1.08 1.08 1.20 1.05 1.15 1.02 1.06 1.18 1.36 1.50

40.89 49.60 47.56 49.69 40.81 30.21 31.77 36.86 50.69 35.96 40.89 50.71 36.37 27.38 30.09 20.29 31.75 17.30 20.30 28.05 29.96 37.60

Source: DepEd Lanao del Sur, 2007

3.6.2.3 Tertiary Education The province of Lanao del Sur is blessed with several public and private institutions of higher learning. The Commission on Higher Education – Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (CHED-ARMM) has provided the following list of accredited higher education institutions of the province under its supervision. Table 85: List of Tertiary Schools, Province of Lanao del Sur

Private Higher Education Institutions Adiong Memorial College Foundation, Inc. Carumba St., Wao, Lanao del Sur

State Universities and Colleges Adiong Memorial State College Ditsa-an Ramain, Lanao del Sur

( 128 )

Public Higher Education Institutions Balabagan Trade School Narra, Balabagan, Lanao del Sur


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Central Basak Islamic Regional College Rumayas, Lumba Bayabao, Lanao del Sur

Lanao Agricultural College Poblacion, Lumbatan, Lanao del Sur

Lanao del Sur Good Shepherd College Wao, Lanao del Sur Lanao Educational Institute Camp Jose Abad Santos, Malabang, Lanao del Sur Montashir Islamic College Dayawan Masiu, Lanao del Sur Lanao College of Criminology

Unda Memorial National Agricultural School Dayawan Unda, Masiu, Lanao del Sur

3.6.2.4 Marawi City Education Sector A. Private Higher Education Institutions (PHEIS) 1. 2. 3. 4.

Blo Unpar Adiong (BUAD) Agricultural School Mapandi Memorial College 048 Lilod, Saduc, Marawi City Bubong Marzok Memorial Foundation College Officer’s Line, Bubong A. Marawi City Marawi Capitol College Foundation ,Quezon Avenue, Marawi City

5.

Cali Paramedical College Foundation, Inc. Gaus Bldg., Quezon Avenue, Bangolo, Marawi City 6. Marawi Islamic College Panggao, Saduc, Marawi City 7. Dansalan Polytechnic College 5 F Al-Sheik Bldg., Quezon Avenue, Marawi City 8. Masiricampo-Abantas Memorial College Foundation, Inc. Buadi sa Cayo, Basak, Marawi City 9. Datu Mala Muslim Mindanao Islamic College Quezon Avenue, Marawi City 10. Mindanao Islamic Computer College Quezon Avenue, Marawi City 11. Mindanao Institute of Healthcare Professionals PMTC Bldg., Bangon, Marawi City 12. Jamiatu Marawi Ai-Islamia Foundation, Upper Marinaut, Marawi City 13. Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao Darusaalam, Matampay, Marawi City 14. Pacasum College, Perez St., Marawi City 15. Jamiatul Philippine Al-Islamia Amai Manabilang St., Raya Madaya, Marawi City 16. Philippine Muslim Teachers College Bo. Green, Bangon, Marawi City 17. Lake Lanao College Marawi City 18. Safrullah M. Dipatuan Foundation Academy Menor Ext., Pangarungan Village, Marawi City 19. Lanao Islamic Paramedical College Foundation Pumping, Marawi City 20. Senator Ninoy Aquino College Foundation, Moncado Colony St., Marawi City 21. Wisdom International School for Higher Education Studies (WISHES) Marawi City (First Accredited Online International Institution by CHED-ARMM)

( 129 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 B. State Universities and Colleges: 1.

Lanao College of Arts and Trade Saduc, Marawi City

2.

Mindanao State University – Main Campus Marawi City

The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority – Unified TVET PROGRAM Registration and Accreditation System (TESDA-UTPRAS) has also provided a list of recognized institutions that provide technical courses to the constituents of the province. The following institutions are under the jurisdiction of the TESDA Lanao del Sur office: Table 86: List of Recognized Institutions under TESDA-UTPRAS NAME OF INSTITUTIONS 1. Adiong Memorial College

LOCATION

COURSES REGISTERED

Wao

2-year Associate in Computer Technology

2. BUAD High School

Marawi City and Marantao boundary

Horticulture NC II

3. Cali Paramedical College

Moncado Marawi City

Emergency Medical Services, NC II Health Care Services, NC II Caregiving NC II Massage Therapy, NC II Associate in Computer Science 2-year Electrical Technology 2-year Computer Technology 2-year Associate in Computer Science 2-year Mechanical Technology, Major in Automotive 2-year Applied Computer Science 1-year Diploma in Computer Programming 54-hour Power Pack (Windows, MS Word, MS Excel) PC Operations NC II Hardware Servicing NC II 3-year Diploma in Information & Communication Technology 2-year Nursing Aide 100-hour Call Center Agent 6-month Caregiver Course Hardware Servicing, NC II

Foundation, Inc.

Foundation, Inc.

4. Culas II Islamic Institute of

Colony,

Malabang

Technology

5. Dansalan Polytechnic College, Inc.

Quezon Marawi City

Avenue,

6. HOPE Healthcare Institute

Osmena Marawi City

Street,

7. Jamiatu Marawi Al-Islamia, Inc.

Moncado

( 130 )

Colony,


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Marawi City

Caregiver Course PC Operations, NC II Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II

8. Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao

Matampay, City

9. Jamiatul Philippine Al-Islamia

Amai Manabilang Street, Marawi City

Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II

10. Lanao Islamic Paramedical

Pumping Marawi City

Street,

Quezon Marawi City

Avenue,

Healthcare Services, NC II 6-month Caregiver Course, NC II 2-year Associate in Computer Science Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II

12. Marawi Islamic College

Bo. Green, City

Marawi

13. Mindanao Islamic Computer

Quezon Marawi City

Avenue,

2-year Associate in Computer Science

Moncado Marawi City

Colony,

Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II

College Foundation, Inc.

11. Marawi Capitol College Foundation, Inc.

College 14. Senator Ninoy Aquino College Foundation, Inc.

Marawi

Hardware Servicing, NC II PC Operations, NC II

1.

SMD Foundation Academy

Pangarungan Village, Marawi City

Caregiving NC II

2.

Sultan Labay Moriatao-Bae National High School

Moriatao Bae, Masiu, Lanao del Sur

PC Operations, NC II Masonry, NC II

Source: TESDA Lanao del Sur, 2008 Table 87: TVET Status Report as of May 2008 NAME OF REGISTERED TECH-VOC INSTITUTIONS (TVIs)

NO. OF ENROLLEES

NO. OF GRADUATES

2005

2006

2007

2005

2006

2007

33

36

79

24

36

70

335

216

204

335

215

204

66

78

108

54

73

108

149

134

108

198

134

108

5. Hope Healthcare Institute

67

78

63

67

78

63

6. Jamiatu Marawi Al-Islamia

-

-

41

-

-

41

7. Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao

67

52

183

67

52

179

-

148

246

-

148

218

-

151

153

-

-

153

1. Adiong Memorial College Foundation 2. Cali Paramedical College Foundation 3. Culas II Islamic Institute of Technology 4. Dansalan Polytechnic College

8. Lanao Islamic Paramedical College Foundation 9. Lanao National College of Arts and Trades

( 131 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 10. Mapandi Memorial College

-

210

141

-

210

141

-

34

138

-

34

138

55

54

73

55

54

73

-

-

-

-

-

-

47

35

45

42

35

45

-

863

3,136

-

863

3,136

-

1,404

908

-

1,404

908

-

2,267

4,044

-

2,267

4,044

11. Marawi Capitol College Foundation 12. Marawi Islamic College 13. Mindanao Islamic Computer College 14. SMD Foundation Academy TESDA Provincial Office Various Skills Training Programs conducted: A. Administered B.

Monitored

C. Total

Source: TESDA Lanao del Sur, 2008 Non-Formal Education The two divisions of the DepEd are implementing non-formal education of various orientations. However, due to some technical problems in consolidating the report on non-formal education data, the number of completers is not available. There are NGOs who are also implementing non-formal education on literacy program and livelihood programs. An actual inventory or survey on the NGOs implementing nonformal education has not been conducted. The data on non-formal education implemented by NGOs are also not available. There are concerned government agencies implementing livelihood-training programs that are also classified as non-formal education. The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) is one of the government agencies conducting short courses or trainings aimed at introducing the participants to income generating activities. The data are not also available. Specifically, making reference to the defunct Ministry of Education classifying the Madrasa (pl. Madaris) as non-formal education will give the impression that non-formal educational schools are numerous, though majority can only offer Arabic primary and elementary grades. Only those Ma'ahad (institutes) are offering secondary grades and most of these Ma’ahad (pl. Ma’ahid) are concentrated in the City. Since Arabic is a recognized language and writing in the country, it can be assumed that literacy in the province is quite high. Those who can not read and write English or Pilipino can at least read and write Arabic.

( 132 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Nevertheless, the three (3) popular Ma’ahad; the Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao, Ma’ahad Kamilol Islam, and Ma’ahad Marawi Al-Islamie have different branches which are spread out across the different municipalities of the province. Independent Madaris owned and operated by either Islamic organization, concerned families, and individuals also exist in different parts of the province. In 2001, among the three Ma’ahad, the Ma’ahad Kamilol AlIslamie has the highest number of enrolees with a total of 5,878 while the Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao has the smallest number of enrolees with only 5,194 Table 88: Enrolment in the Ma’ahad with Branches in the Two Districts of the Province of Lanao del Sur, Year 2000 NAME OF MA’AHAD

NUMBER OF ENROLMENT

Jamiatu Muslim Mindanao st 1 District 2nd District Ma’ahad Kamilol Al-Islamie 1st District 2nd District

2,414 2,780 4,586 1,292

Ma’ahad Marawi Al-Islamie TOTAL

5,333 11,211

Source: Research and Development Center MSU-General Santos City

It may be noted that the available record on the enrolment in the Madaris does not represent the actual figure, hence, the recording in the Madaris needs some improvement. Ocular observation shows that Madaris exist almost everywhere in the province. 3.6.3 Social Welfare The provincial government has been delivering social welfare and development services to its constituents. Related services includes the provision of assistance in the settlement of clan feuds or “rido”, which is considered as one of the primary factors that denied the province from participating into a more productive economic activities. Rather than investing in the province, people prefer to engage economic activities outside the province to avoid getting involved to warring clans or family. Provision of assistance to organized cooperatives is another form of social welfare and services that the provincial government is delivering. There are numerous related infrastructure projects implemented by the provincial government classified as social services.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Specifically, the Provincial Social Welfare and Development has the inherent task of delivering social welfare and development programs to the province. Accordingly, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD), provincial office is divided into two district offices to attend into the needs of the constituents of the two congressional district of the province but all under the administrative control and supervision of the Provincial Social Welfare and Development Officer with main office at the City of Marawi while the provincial office for the second congressional district is located in the Municipality of Malabang. The organizing or establishment of Day Care Centers (DCCs) is one of the social services provided by the DSWD but as of the total number of DCCs for the whole province cannot be ascertained. Currently, only the record of DCCs in the first congressional district is available. Consequently, DCCs are organized in the nineteen municipalities with the Municipality of Wao having the big number of organized DCCs with a total of 38 while the municipality with only one (1) DCC is the Municipality of Poona Bayabao. Table 89: Numbers of Day Care Centers, 1st Congressional District Lanao del Sur NO. OF NO. OF NO. OF MUNICIPALITY BARANGAYS BARANGAYS DCCS WITHOUT DCC 1. Tamparan 44 11 33 2. Tagoloan 19 3 16 3. Balindong 38 8 30 4. Tugaya 23 2 21 5. Piagapo 36 8 28 6. Marantao 38 10 28 7. Wao 26 38 8. Taraka 42 15 27 9. Bumbaran 2 10. Masiu 39 13 27 11. Ditsaan Ramain 34 13 21 12. Poona Bayabao 34 18 16 13. Kapai 36 3 33 14. Lumba Bayabao 39 1 38 15. Mulondo 26 7 19 16. Buadipuso Buntong 32 15 17 17. Bubong 8 18. Saguiaran 5 19. Maguing 32 2 30

TOTAL

538

182

228

Source: DSWD-Lanao Sur Report, 2001

Other services offered by the DSWD include human resources development through the provision of trainings and seminars aimed at

( 134 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 enhancing the organizational and management capability of community organizations. Various technical trainings on livelihood are delivered by the DSWD. The DSWD also engaged in related infrastructure development projects. For the year 2001, it delivered various related infrastructure development projects to 5,135 beneficiaries or 561 percent of the 11,232 target beneficiaries. Table 90: Name of Projects and Status, Province of Lanao del Sur NAME OF PROJECT/INTERV ENTION SERVICES Deep wells Water Pumps Installation of Pipelines Construction of Water Reservoirs Jetmatic Pump Installation Construction of Communal Toilets Animal Dispersal Tindahang Bigay Buhay Provision of Perimeter Lights Construction of Solar Drier Construction of Flea Market Repair Of Access Roads Provision of PYA Sports Equipment TOTAL

STATUS/PHYSICAL ACCOMPLISHMENT ACCOMPLISHME TARGET ACTUAL NT (%) UNITS BEN. UNITS BEN. UNITS BEN. 6 680 3 165 50 24 6 422 4 316 67 71 15 891 10 691 67 78 14 1,004 7 538 50 54 5 23

680 912

1 19

58 712

20 83

8 78

8 10 10 20 5 5 38

345 150 720 2,853 500 1,125 950

5 4 4 18 1 1 6

171 50 227 1,563 150 257 237

63 40 40 90 20 20 16

50 33 32 55 30 23 25

165

11,232

83

5,135

626

561

Source: DSWD- Lanao del Sur Report, 2001

With respect to access on water supply, the report of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) shows that 52,039 household are provided with level I water supply, 34,728 with level II and only 4,047 with level III, or 23,016 households do not have access to either of the mentioned three levels of water supply. In the same report, the 38 municipalities of the province are divided into the six (6) district of municipal hospitals and the area under the IPHO has the greater number of households with access to level I and level III water supply while the Wao District Hospital covering the Municipality of Bumbaran has the lowest number of household with access to level I water supply. The Balindong Municipal Hospital covers the greater number of households with access to level II water supply with a total of 8,269 households as compared to the Unayan Municipal Hospital with only 3,395 households with access to level II water supply and 112 households with access to level III water supply.

( 135 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 91: Household with Access to Level I, Level II, and Level III Water Supply DISTRICT/ LEVEL I LEVEL II LEVEL III NO. OF MUNICIPAL HOUSEHOLD NO. % NO. % NO. % HOSPITAL IPHO 23,433 9,868 42.11 6,766 28.87 2,433 10.38 Tamparan District 32,790 2,1541 65.69 7,031 21.44 125 0.38 Hospital Balindong 18,602 6,313 2.99 8,269 44.45 537 2.89 Municipal Hospital Dr. Serapio Montaner Mem. 210,569 9,213 4.37 5,277 2.51 530 0.25 Hospital Unayan Municipal 11,272 3,626 32.17 3,395 30.12 112 0.99 Hospital Wao District 6,677 1,478 22.13 4,040 60.51 310 4.64 Hospital TOTAL 303,343 52,039 17.15 34,778 11.46 4,047 1.33 Source: DSWD-Lanao Del Sur, 2001 Report

3.6.4

HOUSING Figure 31: Occupied Housing Units

In 2000 census, there were 76,859 occupied housing units in the province, higher by 4,310 houses over the 1990 figure (72,549 housing units). This was about six percent increase over the 1990 figure. A total of 97,104 households or 668,860 persons resided in 76,859 housing units. This gave a ratio of 1.26 households per housing unit, slightly lower than the figure reported a decade ago (1.35). The figure also gave a ratio of 8.7 persons to an occupied housing unit, higher than the 1990 ratio of 8.2 persons. About 88 percent of the occupied housing units in Lanao del Sur were single houses. This was lower by about three percentage points from the 1990 figure. Duplex, multi-unit residential and commercial/industrial/agricultural types ( 136 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 of building recorded 5 percent, 4 percent, and 0.07 percent, respectively. In 2000, more than 81 percent of the total occupied housing units had roofs made of galvanized iron or aluminum. This figure registered about five percentage point increase over the 1990 figure (76 percent). On the other hand, the proportion of houses that had roofs made of either cogon, nipa, or anahaw dropped by seven percentage points. From about 13 percent in 1990, it decreased to about 6 percent in 2000. More than half (55 percent) of the occupied housing units in this province had outer walls made of wood. Nearly half of the occupied houses (47 percent) were made of robust materials, i.e., had roofs made of galvanized iron or aluminum and had outer walls made of wood. Occupied houses that had roofs made of galvanized iron or aluminum and had outer walls made of either concrete, brick, or stone comprised about 14 percent. The proportion of houses that still needed no repair or with minor repair only remained at 67 percent from 1990 to 2000. About 21 percent needed major repair, 3 percent with unfinished construction, and about 2 percent under renovation or being repaired. In 2000 census, one-fifth of the occupied housing units had a floor area ranging from 20 to 29 square meters, followed by occupied housing units with a floor area from 10 to 19 square meters (18 percent). On the other hand, the proportion of occupied housing units with 120 square meters and over was 8 percent while those with less than 10 square meters was 15 percent. The median floor area of occupied housing units was 27 square meters. This means that half of the total number of occupied houses in this province had a floor area below 27 square meters.

( 137 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.6.5 SECURITY (Cultivating a Culture of Peace) The presence of Ulamah Council, Council of Elders and other sectors help propagate and advocate understanding in Islamic teaching and promoting peace and order in the province of Lanao del Sur. Provincial Government representative on the Local Monitoring Team (LMT) for the cessation of hostilities, the LMT was able to retrieve from the MILF all the firearms they had confiscated from the AFP in all the encounter in Poona-Bayabao and Bubong and turned it over to the AFP in cooperation with the Internatinal Monitoring Team. Table 92: Summary Report of Settlement of Feuds for the Period of July 2007

Classification of Case 1.

Murder

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Frustrated Murder/Homicide Car Accident Family Disputes Marriage Problems Barangay Eection Hospitalization Estafa Misunderstanding Total

No. of Cases Solved 53 2 28 8 3 3 9 1 3 110

Construction of Police Station - Picong MPS building is 100% completed while Ganassi MPS and Lumbatan MPS are 70% completed and Lumbaca-Unayan MPS is 15% completed.

3.6.6 WATER RESOURCES AND SANITATION 3.6.6.1 Water Supply The present water supply system for each municipality was surveyed to assess the existing conditions and the future needs of the people in the locality. Other water supply system parameters such as service areas, service area population, served population, water service level, water quality of present sources, present distribution system (for Level II and III) were also assessed to define the necessary measures to be planned for the improvement of the water supply system of each municipality. Out of the 39 city and municipalities of Lanao del Sur, 8% are being served by Level III system, 33% by Level II system and the

( 138 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 remaining 59% by Level I system. For Level II and III, existing water sources are deep wells and springs while for Level I, water sources come from shallow and deep wells, springs, rivers, lakes and rainwater. Types and Composition of Water Supply System and Facility The service level and system components of the water supply system and facilities are shown below. Table 93: Composition of Water Supply System and Facility

Facility 1 . Water Source

2 Water . Treatment

3 Distribution .

Level I

Level II

Drilled shallow well Drilled deep well Spring Dug well Rain Collector Generally none. Disinfection of well is conducted periodically by local health authorities. None

4 Delivery and . Service Level

Generally none.

5 Consumption . Rate

At least 20 lpcd

Level III

Drilled shallow well Drilled deep well Spring Infiltration gallery

Drilled shallow well Spring Infiltration gallery Surface water intake

Disinfection facility is sometimes not provided.

Disinfection facility is provided. Systems with surface water source have series of treatment facilities. Pipe system provided with reservoir and pumping facilities Individual house connection/household tap At least 100 lpcd

Pipe system provided with reservoir Communal faucet shared by houses within 25 m Radius At least 60 lpcd

Level III Water Supply Systems The Level III water system is usually operated by the water district or by the municipal waterworks. In the province of Lanao del Sur, Marawi City and the municipalities of Wao and Ganassi have existing Level III water systems. The table below shows the available details of the water supply system for each city/municipality. Table 94: Existing Level III Water Systems in Lanao del Sur Water Source

Est. Unit Water Cons. (lpcd)

5 deep wells

120

Service Area City/ Municipality

Marawi City

Water Service Provider Marawi City Water District

Barangay Bacolod Chico Proper

Class

Urban

( 139 )

2003 Served Pop

154

No. of Connecti ons

26


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Banggolo Poblacion Bangon Buadi Sacayo (Green) Bubonga Lilod Madaya Bubonga Marawi Dansalan Datu Naga Datu Sa Dansalan Dayawan Fort Lilod Saduc Lumbaca Madaya (Pob.) Lumbaca Toros Marinaut Marinaut East Matampay Moncado Colony Moncado Kadingilan Moriatao Loksadato Navarro (Datu Saber) Norhaya Village Panggao Saduc Pindolonan Raya Madaya I Raya Madaya II Raya Saduc Sabala Manao Sabala Manao Proper Saduc Proper

Urban Urban

776 421

129 70

Urban

631

105

Urban

609

101

Urban Urban Urban

435 525 713

73 87 119

Urban Urban Urban Urban

780 288 291 469

130 48 48 78

Urban

406

68

Urban Urban

94 326

16 54

Urban Urban

384 508

64 85

Urban

692

115

Urban

738

123

Urban

396

66

Urban

633

105

Urban

478

80

Urban Urban

749 197

125 33

Urban

371

62

Urban Urban

246 499

41 83

Urban

291

49

Urban

422

70

Urban

473

79

( 140 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

Wao

Wao Water District

Somiorang South Madaya Proper Toros Tuca Total Eastern Wao Western Wao Manila Group Extension Poblacion Total

Ganassi

Municipal Waterworks

Masolun Pangadapu n Poblacion Taganonok Taliogon Total

Provincial Total

Urban

51

9

Urban Urban Urban

459 145 260 14,911

77 24 43 2,485

Urban

2,892

482

Rural

1,532

255

Rural

1,806

301

Urban Urban Rural Total Rural

1,290 4,182 3,338 7,520 234

215 697 556 1,253 39

Rural Urban Rural Rural Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total

224 1,117 334 498 1,117 1,291 2,408 20,210 4,629 24,839

37 186 56 83 186 215 401 3,368 771 4,140

Spring

120

Spring

No data provide d

Level II Water Supply System The Level II water systems, defined as communal faucets, are designed to serve barangays at specified service area. The systems are usually operated by the Barangay Waterworks System Association (BWSA). In the province of Lanao del Sur, there are twelve municipalities with Level II water systems. These are: Balabagan, Bayang, Bubong, Butig, Kapai, Ganassi, Lumbatan, Madamba, Malabang, Marogong, Masiu and Wao. The details are shown below. Table 95: Existing Level II Water Systems in Lanao del Sur Municipality

Water Service Provider

Balabagan

Municipal Waterworks

Barangay Served Banago Poblacion

Class Rural Urban

Total

( 141 )

Est. pop. served

Water Source

Est. unit water cons.(lpcd)

736 1,103 1,839

Spring

No data provided


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

Bayang

Municipal Waterworks

Gandamato Linuk (Pob.) Pamacotan Parao Rinabor (Pob.) Sumbag (Pob.) Total

Bubong

Municipal Waterworks

Butig

Sandab Water System

Bansayan Basingan Batangan Cagayan Bacolod Carigongan Dilabayan Masorot Montiaan Panalawan Salipongan Total Sandab

Rural Urban Rural Rural Urban Urban Urban Rural Total Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural

141 369 184 491 319 285 973 816 1,788 170 509 292 384 288 616 201 278 378 216 3,333

Rural

1,745

Total

Kapai

Ganassi

Municipal Waterworks

Municipal Waterworks

Dilabayan Dilimbayan Pantaon Parao Pindolonan

Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural

Total Campong a Raya Macabao Pamalian Total

Lumbatan

Municipal Waterworks

Madamba

CIDSSDSWD, SZOPAD

Malabang

Malabang Water system

Dago-ok Poblacion (Lumbatan) Total Cabasaran Pantar Tambo Tubaran Total Banday BPS Village Cabasaran (South) Campo Muslim

( 142 )

Rural Rural Urban Urban Rural Total Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban

1,745 441 299 819 537 672 2,768 329 222 175 175 552 726 992 688 1,681 328 351 480 175 1,333 744 485 252 699

Deep Wells

No data provided

Spring

No data provided

Spring

No data provided

Spring

No data provided

Spring

No data provided

Spring

No data provided

Spring

No data provided

Deep Wells

No data provided


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 China Town (Pob.) Corahab Jose Abad Santos Total

Marogong

Masiu

CIDSSDSWD, SZOPAD

Municipal Waterworks

Cabasaran Paigoay Coda Total Buadi Amloy Gondarangin Asa Adigao Lakadun Lumbaca Ingud Macabangan Imbala Magayo Bagoaingud Pantao Sambowang Atawa Talub Langi Towanao Arangga Unda Dayawan Total

Wao

Municipal Waterworks

Municipality

Water Service Provider

Amoyong Banga Buntongun Christian Village Gata Kabatangan Kadingilan Kilikili West Barangay Served Malaigang Milaya Mimbuaya Muslim Village Pagalongan Park Area (Pob.) Pilintangan Serran Village Total

Provincial Total

( 143 )

Urban Urban Rural Urban Rural Total Rural Rural Rural

1,037 1,166 984 3,387 1,979 5,366 223 242 465 811

Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Urban Urban Urban Rural Total Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural

422 690 341 362 269 798 268 564 374 375 3,162 2,112 5,274 63 420 829 273 648 243 624 2,258

Class

Est. pop. served

Rural Rural Rural Rural Rural Urban Rural Rural Urban Rural Total Urban Rural

300 1,494 42 258 702 180 342 8 180 8,504 8,684 11,993 23,009

Spring

No data provided

Spring and Deep Well

No data provided

Spring

No data provided

Water Source

Est. unit water cons.(lpcd)


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Total

35,003

Level I Water Supply Systems Level I water systems are usually used in the rural areas of the municipality. The common sources are shallow wells, which are equipped with hand pumps and for those who can afford they use motorized pump to get water. There are also areas where springs are used as point source by connecting polyethylene pipes directly to the households. Other households get water from the river nearest to their area for domestic use and rainwater for drinking. Table 96: Existing Level I Water Systems in Lanao del Sur City/Municipality Marawi City

Bacolod Grande

Balabagan

Balindong

Bayang

Binidayan

Buadiposo Buntong

Bubong

Bumbaran

Butig

Calanogas

Class Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total

( 144 )

Year 2003 Mun. Served Population Population 138,228 30,439 138,228 16,423 2,332 18,755 2,206 23,735 25,940 5,859 19,988 25,847 4,197 18,005 22,202 3,518 15,580 19,097 663 13,633 14,296 613 19,459 20,073

30,439 6,569 933 7,502 0 8,905 8,905 2,344 7,995 10,339 901 6,550 7,450 1,407 6,232 7,639 265 5,453 5,718 245 5,117 5,363

6,957 6,957 1,979 15,220 17,199

2,783 2,783 791 4,692 5,484

10,546 10,546

4,218 4,218


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 City/Municipality Ditsaan-Ramain

Ganassi

Kapai

Kapatagan

Lumba Bayabao

Lumbatan

Lumbayanague

Madalum

Madamba

Maguing

Malabang

Marantao

Marogong

Masiu

Mulondo

Pagayawan

Class Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban

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Year 2003 Mun. Served Population Population 13,883 5,553 6,344 2,538 20,227 8,091 3,605 409 16,391 5,083 19,997 5,492 726 726 16,770 4,493 17,495 5,219 8,241 8,241 916 23,915 24,830 3,361 15,058 18,419

1,978 1,978 366 8,508 8,874 0 6,023 6,023

13,553 13,553 1,083 18,357 19,441 16,311 0 16,311

5,421 5,421 433 7,343 7,776 4,684 0 4,684

19,096 19,096 6,774 28,251 35,026 4,307 21,718 26,025 1,976 15,074 17,049 10,813 14,641 25,454 6,678 6,386 13,064 1,435

7,638 7,638 0 9,717 9,717 1,723 8,687 10,410 790 5,658 6,448 1,795 4,167 5,962 2,671 2,554 5,225 574


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 City/Municipality

Piagapo

Poona Bayabao

Pualas

Saguiaran

Sultan Domalondong

Sultan Gumander

Tagoloan II

Tamparan

Taraka

Tubaran

Tugaya

Wao

Provincial total

Class Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total

Year 2003 Mun. Served Population Population 8,871 3,548 10,306 4,122 1,855 742 23,392 9,357 25,247 10,099 1,221 488 17,138 6,855 18,359 7,344 490 196 7,838 3,135 8,327 3,331 2,511 1,004 21,395 8,558 23,906 9,563 11,725 11,725 1,852 11,053 12,905

4,690 4,690 741 4,421 5,162

9,204 9,204

3,681 3,681

21,093 21,093 14,210 5,679 19,889 683 10,955 11,638

8,437 8,437 3,438 4,518 7,956 273 4,382 4,655

21,268 21,268 11,839 25,678 37,516 280,212 549,467 829,679

8,507 8,507 7,296 14,449 21,745 76,864 211,570 288,434

Water Supply Service Coverage There are two municipalities and one city with Level III system, but not all barangays are being served. Likewise, there are twelve

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 municipalities with Level II water systems that cater only to a few barangays. All other municipalities have Level I system. Table 94-96 shows the distribution leveland table 97 shows the existing water supply facilities coverage. Table 97: Water Supply Service Coverage by City/Municipality Population Served by 2003 Facilities City/Municipality Marawi City

Bacolod Grande

Balabagan

Balindong

Bayang

Binidayan

Buadiposo Buntong

Bubong

Bumbaran

Butig

Calanogas

Ditsaan-Ramain

Ganassi

Class

Mun. Population

Urban

138,228

Rural Total Urban Rural

Level III

Level II

14,911

Level I

Total

% Served

30,439

45,350

33%

138,228 16,423 2,332

30,439 6,569 933

30,439 6,569 933

0% 22% 40% 40%

Total Urban

18,755 2,206

7,502

7,502 1,103

40% 50%

Rural Total Urban Rural

23,735 25,940 5,859 19,988

8,905 8,905 2,344 7,995

9,641 8,905 2,344 7,995

41% 34% 40% 40%

Total Urban

25,847 4,197

10,339 901

10,339 1,873

40% 45%

Rural Total Urban Rural

18,005 22,202 3,518 15,580

6,550 7,450 1,407 6,232

7,365 7,450 1,407 6,232

41% 34% 40% 40%

Total Urban

19,097 663

7,639 265

7,639 265

40% 40%

Rural Total Urban Rural

13,633 14,296 613 19,459

5,453 5,718 245 5,117

5,453 5,718 245 8,450

40% 40% 40% 43%

Total Urban

20,073

5,363

5,363

27% 0%

Rural Total Urban Rural

6,957 6,957 1,979 15,220

2,783 2,783 791 4,692

2,783 2,783 791 6,437

40% 40% 40% 42%

Total Urban

17,199

5,484

5,484

32% 0%

Rural Total Urban Rural

10,546 10,546 13,883 6,344

4,218 4,218 5,553 2,538

4,218 4,218 5,553 2,538

40% 40% 40% 40%

Total Urban

20,227 3,605

1,117

175

8,091 409

8,091 1,700

40% 47%

Rural

16,391

1,291

552

5,083

6,925

42%

1,103 736

973 816

3,333

1,745

( 147 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Population Served by 2003 Facilities City/Municipality

Kapai

Kapatagan

Lumba Bayabao

Lumbatan

Lumbayanague

Madalum

Madamba

Class

Mun. Population

Total Urban

19,997 726

Rural Total

16,770 17,495

Level III

Level II

2,768

Level I

Total

% Served

5,492 290

5,492 290

27% 40%

4,493 4,783

7,261 4,783

43% 27%

Urban Rural Total Urban

8,241 8,241 916

1,647

1,978 1,978 366

3,626 1,978 366

0% 44% 24% 40%

Rural Total

23,915 24,830

1,322

8,508 8,874

9,830 8,874

41% 36%

Urban Rural Total Urban

3,361 15,058 18,419

1,681

0 6,023 6,023

1,681 6,023 6,023

50% 40% 33% 0%

Rural Total

13,553 13,553

5,421 5,421

5,421 5,421

40% 40%

Urban Rural Total Urban

1,083 18,357 19,441 16,311

433 7,343 7,776 4,684

433 7,343 7,776 7,130

40% 40% 40% 44%

2,446

Rural Total

16,311

4,684

4,684

0% 29%

Urban Rural Total Urban

19,096 19,096 6,774

7,638 7,638 0

7,638 7,638 3,387

0% 40% 40% 50%

Rural Total

28,251 35,026

9,717 9,717

11,696 9,717

41% 28%

Urban Rural Total Urban

4,307 21,718 26,025 1,976

1,723 8,687 10,410 790

1,723 8,687 10,410 790

40% 40% 40% 40%

Rural Total

15,074 17,049

465

5,658 6,448

6,122 6,448

41% 38%

Urban Rural Total Urban

10,813 14,641 25,454 6,678

3,162 2,112

1,795 4,167 5,962 2,671

4,958 6,279 5,962 2,671

46% 43% 23% 40%

Rural Total

6,386 13,064

2,554 5,225

2,554 5,225

40% 40%

Pagayawan

Urban

1,435

574

574

40%

Piagapo

Rural Total Urban

8,871 10,306 1,855

3,548 4,122 742

3,548 4,122 742

40% 40% 40%

Rural

23,392

9,357

9,357

40%

Maguing

Malabang

Marantao

Marogong

Masiu

Mulondo

3,387 1,979

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Population Served by 2003 Facilities City/Municipality

Poona Bayabao

Pualas

Saguiaran

Sultan Domalondong

Sultan Gumander

Tagoloan II

Tamparan

Taraka

Tubaran

Tugaya

Wao

Provincial Total

Class

Mun. Population

Level III

Level II

Level I

Total

% Served

Total Urban

25,247 1,221

10,099 488

10,099 488

40% 40%

Rural Total

17,138 18,359

6,855 7,344

6,855 7,344

40% 40%

Urban Rural Total Urban

490 7,838 8,327 2,511

196 3,135 3,331 1,004

196 3,135 3,331 1,004

40% 40% 40% 40%

Rural Total

21,395 23,906

8,558 9,563

8,558 9,563

40% 40% 0% 40% 40% 40%

Urban Rural Total Urban

11,725 11,725 1,852

4,690 4,690 741

0 4,690 4,690 741

Rural Total

11,053 12,905

4,421 5,162

4,421 5,162

40% 40%

Urban Rural

9,204

3,681

3,681

0% 40%

Total Urban

9,204

3,681

3,681

40% 0%

Rural Total Urban Rural

21,093 21,093 14,210 5,679

8,437 8,437 3,438 4,518

8,437 8,437 3,438 4,518

40% 40% 24% 80%

Total Urban

19,889 683

7,956 273

7,956 273

40% 40%

Rural Total Urban Rural

10,955 11,638

4,382 4,655

4,382 4,655

21,268

8,507

8,507

40% 40% 0% 40%

Total Urban

21,268 11,839

8,507 8,507 7,296 11,658

40% 98%

Rural Total Urban Rural Total

25,678 37,516 280,212 549,467 829,679

4,182

180

3,338

8,504

22,656 4,629 27,285

10,661 25,514 36,175

14,449 21,745 76,429 211,570 287,998

26,291 21,745 109,746 241,713 351,459

102% 58% 39% 44% 42%

The present provincial coverage for ARMM was compared to the national and other regional data in the country. Table below shows the comparison between ARMM with other regions, which demonstrates very low coverage within the sector. From the table it could be observed that access to Level III & II water system is lowest in ARMM. Likewise remedial means to obtain

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 potable water from rain collector, private vendor and other sources, which shows highest values for ARMM indicates the lack of adequate standard water source. Table 98: Number of Families and Main Source of Water Supply (2002) Main Source of Water Supply Region

Total Fam ilies

Level III Level II Num ber % Num ber % PHILIPPINES 15,925,454 5,194,864 33 2,626,307 16 ARMM 388,437 22,549 6 26,657 7 Ilocos Region 849,081 164,955 19 82,758 10 Eastern Visayas 774,958 172,869 22 282,421 36 Western Mindanao 637,944 165,860 26 161,173 25 Central Mindanao 694,91 136,540 20 65,586 9

Level I

Rain Collector Private Vendor Others Num ber % Num ber % Num ber % 61,513 0.4 573,598 4.0 75,787 0.5 12,456 3.0 24,172 6.0 2,708 1.00 0 0.0 3,440 0.4 163 0.02

Num ber 7,393,385 299,895 597,765

% 46 77 70

308,072

40

1,011

0.1

9,177

1.0

1,408

0.18

299,617

47

0

0.0

7,091

1.0

4,203

0.66

475,113

68

566

0.08

10,550

2.0

6,557

0.94

Source: National Statistics Office, 2002 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS) 3.6.6.2 Sanitation

The present sanitation condition of the Province of Lanao del Sur was assessed to evaluate the present needs and to integrate measures in conjunction with the water supply sector. The key to sanitation is water. Hence, water and sanitation are complimentary. One common problem on sanitation is lack of potable water. The gateway to progress of a community basically relies on the cleanliness of its surroundings. Types of Facilities and Definition of Service Level Standard Household toilets are categorized into two types: sanitary and unsanitary toilets. Sanitary toilets are defined as the one approved, water sealed toilet that can either be flush type or pour-flush type with receiving pit or septic tanks, or septic vault, with ventilation. The unsanitary toilets include the types of facilities used for disposing human waste, which do not fall under the category of the approved type. Sanitation Facilities and Service Coverage Only about 31% of the households of the province have sanitary toilets. This figure clearly demonstrates that the province needs to improve its sanitation facilities. The low figure can be attributed to lack of water supply facilities and the low capability of the rural households to construct the approved type of toilet. Data on school and public were not made readily available during the field visit. However, based on regional data, public schools in the province have adequate toilet facilities. Tables 3-6 and 3-7 show the number of existing

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 sanitation facilities for households, public schools and public toilets Figure 3-2 shows the 2003 base year coverage of sanitation facilities. Table 99: Household Toilet Service Coverage by City/Municipality 2003 City/Municipality

Population 1. Marawi City

2. Bacolod Grande

3. Balabagan

4. Balindong

5. Bayang

6. Binidayan

7. Buadiposo Buntong 8. Bubong

9. Bumbaran

10. Butig

11. Calanogas

12. Ramain

13. Ganassi

14. Kapai

15. Kapatagan

Households with Sanitary Toilet

Type Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural

138,228 0 138,228 16,423 2,332 18,755 2,206 23,735 25,940 5,859 19,988 25,847 4,197 18,005 22,202 3,518 15,580 19,097 663 13,633 14,296 613 19,459 20,073 0 6,957 6,957 1,979 15,220 17,199 0 10,546 10,546 13,883 6,344 20,227 3,605 16,391 19,997 726 16,770 17,495 0 8,241

No. of HH 21,484 0 21,484 2,279 324 2,603 343 3,693 4,036 771 2,630 3,401 557 2,389 2,946 515 2,279 2,794 95 1,952 2,047 78 2,462 2,539 0 1,196 1,196 369 2,840 3,209 0 1,564 1,564 1,944 888 2,832 577 2,624 3,201 99 2,298 2,398 0 1,486

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No. of HH 8,594 0 8,594 707 100 807 106 1,145 1,251 239 815 1,054 173 741 913 160 707 866 29 605 635 24 763 787 0 371 371 114 880 995 0 485 485 603 275 878 179 813 992 31 712 743 0 461

Served Population 55,291 0 55,291 5,091 723 5,814 684 7,358 8,042 1,816 6,196 8,013 1,301 5,582 6,883 1,090 4,830 5,920 205 4,226 4,432 190 6,032 6,223 0 2,157 2,157 613 4,718 5,332 0 3,269 3,269 4,304 1,967 6,270 1,118 5,081 6,199 225 5,199 5,423 0 2,555

% Served 40% 0% 40% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31%


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 2003 City/Municipality

Population 16. Lumba Bayabao

17. Lumbatan

18. Lumbayanague

19. Madalum

20. Madamba

21. Maguing

22. Malabang

23. Marantao

24. Marogong

25. Masiu

26. Mulondo

27. Pagayawan

28. Piagapo

29. Bayabao

30. Pualas

31. Saguiaran

32. Domalondong

Households with Sanitary Toilet

Type Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban

No. of HH

8,241 916 23,915 24,830 3,361 15,058 18,419 0 13,553 13,553 1,083 18,357 19,441 16,311 0 16,311 0 19,096 19,096 6,774 28,251 35,026 4,307 21,718 26,025 1,976 15,074 17,049 10,813 14,641 25,454 6,678 6,386 13,064 1,435 8,871 10,306 1,855 23,392 25,247 1,221 17,138 18,359 490 7,838 8,327 2,511 21,395 23,906 0

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1,486 141 3,693 3,834 424 1,899 2,323 0 2,120 2,120 165 2,797 2,962 2,446 0 2,446 0 3,002 3,002 997 4,158 5,155 629 3,170 3,799 296 2,261 2,557 1,368 1,852 3,220 889 851 1,740 193 1,192 1,385 526 3,157 3,683 172 2,416 2,589 89 1,429 1,518 341 2,906 3,247 0

No. of HH 461 44 1,145 1,189 131 589 720 0 657 657 51 867 918 758 0 758 0 931 931 309 1,289 1,598 195 983 1,178 92 701 793 424 574 998 276 264 539 60 369 429 84 1,058 1,142 53 749 802 28 443 471 106 901 1,006 0

Served Population 2,555 284 7,414 7,697 1,042 4,668 5,710 0 4,202 4,202 336 5,691 6,027 5,056 0 5,056 0 5,920 5,920 2,100 8,758 10,858 1,335 6,733 8,068 613 4,673 5,285 3,352 4,539 7,891 2,070 1,980 4,050 445 2,750 3,195 575 7,252 7,827 379 5,313 5,691 152 2,430 2,581 778 6,633 7,411 0

% Served 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31% 0% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0%


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 2003 City/Municipality

Population

33. S. Gumander

34. Tagoloan II

35. Tamparan

36. Taraka

37. Tubaran

38. Tugaya

39. Wao

Provincial Total

Households with Sanitary Toilet

Type Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total Urban Rural Total

11,725 11,725 1,852 11,053 12,905 0 9,204 9,204 0 21,093 21,093 14,210 5,679 19,889 683 10,955 11,638 0 21,268 21,268 11,839 25,678 37,516 280,212 564,540 844,752

No. of HH

No. of HH

1,400 1,400 260 1,554 1,815 0 1,124 1,124 0 3,040 3,040 1,923 768 2,691 104 1,670 1,774 0 2,525 2,525 2,168 4,703 6,871 42,244 82,312 124,556

434 434 81 482 563 0 348 348 0 942 942 596 238 834 32 518 550 0 783 783 1,086 2,354 3,440 15,363 26,493 41,856

Served Population 3,635 3,635 574 3,426 4,001 0 2,853 2,853 0 6,539 6,539 4,405 1,761 6,166 212 3,396 3,608 0 6,593 6,593 5,927 12,855 18,782 101,563 179,903 281,466

% Served 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31% 31% 0% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 31% 0% 31% 31% 50% 50% 50% 36% 32% 33%

Table 100: Public School and Public Toilet Service Coverage by City/Municipality Public School Toilets (2003) Municipality

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Marawi City Bacolod Grande Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadiposo Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan-Ramain Ganassi Kapai

Total Public Schools 82 21 17 32 14 16 12 16 7 21 8 14 17 17

No. of Schools Coverage with toilets 80 15 17 29 11 10 12 12 6 15 7 11 17 15

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98% 71% 100% 91% 79% 63% 100% 75% 86% 71% 88% 79% 100% 88%

Public Utilities (2003) Total Public Utilities 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

No. Public Utilities Coverage with toilets 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

88% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 50% 100%


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Public Utilities (2003)

Public School Toilets (2003)

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Municipality

Total Public Schools

Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran S. Domalondong S. Gumander Tagoloan II Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao Provincial Total

7 26 20 22 18 13 12 23 28 19 37 11 10 20 14 18 27 3 14 17 12 14 14 19 28 740

No. of Schools Coverage with toilets 6 21 19 15 14 12 10 22 25 16 30 8 8 16 11 10 25 3 14 10 11 11 11 16 28 629

86% 81% 95% 68% 78% 92% 83% 96% 89% 84% 81% 73% 80% 80% 79% 56% 93% 100% 100% 59% 92% 79% 79% 84% 100% 85%

Total Public Utilities 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 52

No. Public Utilities Coverage with toilets 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 49

100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 67% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 94%

3.6.7 Sports, Recreation Facilities, and Cutural Centers Sports and recreation facilities are available in the different municipalities of the province. The common sports facilities available are basketball courts, volleyball courts, and tennis courts that are usually constructed through the concerted efforts of youth organizations in the locality with funding assistance from concerned personalities, particularly politicians. Most of the major sports and recreation centers are located in the City of Marawi with MSU sport complex at Mindanao State University- Marawi Campus as the biggest sports and recreation center with a capacity of accommodating national athletic meet. Other big sports and recreation centers can also be found in the different parts of the City of Marawi and in some selected municipalities of the province as provided in the table below.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 101: Location of Sports and Recreation Centers NAME OF SPORTS/ RECREATION CENTER 1. Mindanao State University Sport Complex

2. 3. 4. 5.

Provincial Capitol Sports Center MSU tennis Club Marawi City Gymnasium and Sports Complex Lanao National College of arts and Trade

6.

Sarimanok Tennis Club

7.

Balindong Tennis Club and Sport Center

8.

Tamparan Tennis Club and Sport Complex

FACILITIES

LOCATION

Electronic score board basketball courts, tennis courts, Swimming pools, grand stand, oval court, gymnasium, golf course Gymnasium, basketball court, Tennis court Tennis Court, Canteen and Refreshment Gymnasium, Basketball Court Grand stand, Baseball court, Basketball court, volleyball court, Tennis Court Tennis Court, Canteen and Refreshment Tennis Court, Basketball Court, Volleyball court, Canteen and Refreshment Tennis Court, Basketball court, Volleball court, Softball court

MSU-Marawi Campus

Provincial Government Center, Buadi Sacayo, Marawi City MSU-Marawi Campus Marawi City Saduc, Marawi City

Barrio Navarro, Marawi City Wato, Balindong

Poblacion, Tamparan

Source: PPDO-Lanao del Sur

Aside from sports and recreation facilities, cultural centers are also available to accommodate social gatherings and functions of the community. The Cultural Affairs Division of the provincial government recorded 266 cultural centers available in the 28 municipalities. Marawi City has the greatest number of cultural centers with a total of 74, followed by the Municipality of Maguing with 48 cultural centers. The rest of the municipalities do not have a recorded number of cultural centers. Table 102 : Number of Cultural Centers by Municipality Municipality/City Balabagan Balinndong Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bubong Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain Ganassi Kapatagan

NO. OF CULTURAL CENTERS 2 8 3 1 3 21 1 2 4 1

MUNICIPALITY/CITY Malabang Marantao Marawi City Masiu Masiu Mulondo Mulondo Piagapo Poona Bayabao Saguiaran

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NO. OF CULTURAL CENTERS 1 12 74 2 2 1 1 4 26 2


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Lumba Bayabao Madalum Madamba Maguing Source: PPDO Lanao del Sur

3 1 2 48

Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya

24 6 1 2

3.8 Infrastructure 3.8.1 Roads and Bridges 3.8.1.1 Roads There are four (4) types of roads in the province classified according to administration as national, provincial, municipal, and barangay roads. There is no available data on the length of barangay roads in the province. The total length of all road networks in the province of Lanao del Sur is equivalent to 1,059.248 kilometers as shown in Table 106. 3.8.1.1.1 National Roads Considerable length of the national road is mainly the Lake Lanao circumferential road traversing the municipalities surrounding the Lake Lanao, the Narciso Ramos Highways bound for Cotabato City and the highway going down to the City of Iligan. The national road across the different municipalities of the province has a total length of 314.144 kilometers including the roads from Sultan Gumander to Cotabato City boundary (28.724 kms.) under the KFAED Malabang-Sultan Gumander Road, the junction road from Wao to Kibaritan (15.968 kms.) under the Mulondo-Wao Road and the road from the Ganassi-Tubod Road boundary with a length of 43.579 kilometers. The Marawi-Malabang Road got the longest national road with a total length of 66.985 kilometers, followed by the Mulondo-Wao Road of 64.28 kilometers while Marawi-Masiu-Ganassi Road has 60.996 kilometer length. (Refer to Table 103) The municipality of Wao has the longest national roads of 45.90 kilometers followed by the municipality of Bumbaran (18.38 kms.) and Calanogas with 16.20 kilometer of national roads. The shortest national road can be found in the Municipality of Taraka with a total length of 2.50 kilometers. These total lengths of national road covered 28 municipalities including road boundaries and junctions. The reference point of all these roads is from Marawi City highways boundary passing through the covered 28 municipalities.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 103 : Distances and Lengths of National Roads by Municipality, 2009 Reference Point: Lanao del Sur – Marawi City Highways Boundary MUNICIPALITIES I. Marawi-Masiu-Ganassi Road KM. 1570+004) 1. Ramain-Bubong 2. Buadipuso-Buntong 3. Mulondo 4. Taraka 5. Tamparan 6. Poona Bayabao 7. Masiu 8. Lumbayanague 9. Lumbatan 10. Bayang 11. Binidayan II. Marawi – Malabang Road (KM. 1565+604) 12. Marantao 13. Balindong 14. Tugaya 15. Bacolod Kalawi 16. Madalum 17. Madamba 18. Ganassi VIA Marawi Masiu Ganassi Road 19. Pualas 20. Calanogas 21. Malabang WYE Length III. Cotabato Boundary – Malabang- Lanao Norte Road (KM. 1905+688) 22. Kapatagan 23. Balabagan 24. Sultan Gumander From Cotabato Boundary IV. Iligan-Marawi Road (KM. 1554+222) 25. Saguiaran V. Mulondo-Wao Road (KM. 60+000) 26. Bumbaran

STATION LIMIT (KM)

TOTAL DISTANCE

LENGTH (Net in kms) 60.966

1570+004 – 1576+467 1576+467 - 1581+082 1581+082 – 1586+000 1586+000 – 1588+500 1588+500 – 1591+872 1591+872 – 1594+242 1594+242 – 1601+000 1601+000 – 1610+000 1610+000 – 1616+000 1616+000 – 1623+000 1623+000 – 1631+000

6.463 11.078 15.996 18.496 21.866 24.238 30.996 39.996 45.996 52.996 60.996

6.463 4.615 4.918 2.500 3.372 2.370 6.758 9.000 6.000 7.000 8.000 66.985

1565+604 – 1575+000 1575+000 – 1581+000 1581+000 – 1586+000 1586+000 – 1590+400 1590+400 – 1594+000 1594+000 – 1598+000 1598+000 – 1600+800 1631+000 – 1633+632 1600+800 – 1608+800 1608+800 – 1625+000 1625+000 – 1629+660 1629+660 – 1629+959

9.396 15.396 20.396 24.796 28.396 32.396 35.196 63.628 43.196 59.396 64.056 64.355

9.396 6.000 5.000 4.400 3.600 4.000 2.800 2.632 8.000 16.200 4.660 0.299 62.336

1905+688 – 1912+000 1912+000 – 1927+000 1927+000 – 1939+300 1939+300 – 1968+024

6.312 21.312 33.612 62.336

6.312 15.000 12.300 28.724 4.261

1554+222 – 1558+483

4.261

4.261 80.248

60+000 – 78+380

18.38

18.380

( 157 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 78+380 – 105+900 1570+004 – 1582+952 (JCT. to Kibaritan) 1565+604 – 1607+904 1596+625 – 1607+904

27. Wao 28. Kibaritan VI. Ganassi-Tubod Road (JCT)

45.90 15.968

45.900 15.968

42.300 1.279

42.300 1.279 43.579 314.144

TOTAL Source: DPWH-ARMM, Marawi City

Table 104 : Name of National Roads, Station Limits, Road Section and Lengths NAME OF ROADS

STATION LIMITS (KM)

ROAD SECTION

I. MARAWI – MASIU – GANASSI ROAD

1570+004 –02+545 1602+545 1643+710

II. ILIGAN – MARAWI ROAD

1554+222 1558+483

03

1565+604 1590+520 1590+520 1609+971 1596+740 -1608+019

03 04 04

IV. MALABANG – LANAO DEL NORTE

1925+300 -1946+076

05

V. COTABATO BOUNDARY ROAD – MALABANG ROAD

1905+680 -1935+300

06

VI. MALABANG – LANAO DEL NORTEROAD

1946+076 -1967+994

07

60+000 – 105+900

08

III. MARAWI - MALABANG

ROAD

- GANASSI – TUBOD ROAD

VII. MULONDO – WAO ROAD

01 02

Source: DPWH-ARMM, Marawi City 3.8.1.1.2 Provincial Roads Almost all the municipalities in the province have provincial roads with a total length of 416.619 kilometers. District I has a total length of 200.911 kilometers while District II has a total length of 215.708 kilometers. The municipality of Pualas in Distrct II got the longest provincial road with a total length of 38.750 kilometers followed by the municipality of Bubong in District I with a total length of 37.762 kilometers. The Municipality with the shortest provincial road is the municipality of Tamparan with a total length of 1.280 kilometers only. The newly created municipalities of Lumbaca Unayan and Sultan Domalondong with other 6 municipalities have no recorded length of provincial road. (Refer to table 105)

( 158 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 In terms of type of construction, the road networks in the province are classified into three, namely: concrete, gravel, and unpaved or earth. Accordingly, the total length of concreted provincial roads is 82.579 kilometers while gravel surface has a total length of 52.212 kilometers. The earth surface type or unpaved road has the longest length of 281.829 kilometer. All these concreted roads are in good condition while a few of the graveled road had fair condition. On the other hand, all unpaved road are in poor condition. (Refer to Table 105)

Table 105: Provincial Roads by Type and Condition per City/Municipallity

As of December 2008 City/ Municipality

Name of Roads

DISTRICT I BUBONG

Concrete Length (kms.)

Condition

5.652 Karukutan Dilabayan Montian Panalawan

DITSAAN RAMAIN Barimbingan Polo Bagoa-Ingud Lumbac Baudi Babae Ramain Baudiulok Buadialao Dado Lumbac Gadongan Bayabao Pagalongan Ramain Ditsaan BUADI PUSO BUNTONG

4.500 0.000 1.001 0.151

MULONDO Dalama Kibaritan MAGUING Taraka Maguing TARAKA Taraka

Length (kms.)

Condition

31.110 good good good

20.210 2.500 4.239 4.161

Gravel Length (kms.)

Condition

1.000 poor poor poor poor

1.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

good

17.102

2.278

0.000

4.660

poor

0.000

0.000

1.084

poor

0.500

good

0.579

good

0.651

good

0.000

0.501 0.148

good good

1.389 0.562

poor poor

0.000 0.000

0.000 0.249

good

1.733 3.261

poor poor

0.000 0.000

0.352

good

4.413

poor

1.199

10.431 good good

4.016 0.991

poor poor

0.502 0.000

0.250

good

1.275

poor

0.000

0.351 8.70 0.000 8.700 0.700

good

4.149 2.270 2.270 0.000 5.300

poor

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.000

0.700 4.501 4.501

good

5.300 3.579 3.579

poor

good

good

( 159 )

21.281

good

0.508

0.502 0.519

poor

poor

1.000 0.000 0.000

Net Length (kms.) 37.762

1.901

1.622 Manacab Buntong Tarik Buntong Buadi Puso Lumbac Ragondingan Pagalongan

Road Surface Type Earth

12.555 good

10.970

7.000 good 8.080


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Minanga TAMPARAN

1.126 Tamparan Poblacion

LUMBA BAYABAO

1.126

good

0.500 Taraka Lumba Bayabao

POONA BAYABAO

0.500

good

7.498 Gadongan Bansayan Gata Siwagat Gata Cadayonan Shiek Berua

MASIU Buadi Ulok Buisan Dayawan Talub Sawer Dimapatoy Sugod Bacong Talagian Karamian KAPAI Marawi Kapai MARANTAO Poblacion Cadayonan Masao Marantao Bacong Kialdan PIAGAPO Saguiaran Radapan SAGUIARAN Gata Cadayonan Dimayon Lumbac MARAWI CITY Capitol Access Road WAO Sultan Berua

0.000

0.000

0.000

0.000

4.600

1.000

4.600

poor

18.301

1.000

1.126

6.100 good

3.238

29.037

1.701 1.999

good good

2.356 13.443

poor poor

0.000 3.238

0.800 2.998 1.698

good poor

0.000 2.502 18.021

poor

0.000 0.000 3.726

0.200

good

3.450

poor

0.600

good

0.401

good

2.606

poor

1.002

good

0.000 0.697

good

4.350 4.921

poor poor

0.000 1.800

good

2.694 10.802 10.802 8.074

poor

0.324 0.000 0.000 0.324

0.000

5.500

poor

0.000

0.000

1.190

poor

0.000

1.384 6.458

poor

0.324 0.997

good

6.458 3.288

poor

0.997 0.462

good

0.138

poor

0.462

good

3.150 0.000

poor

0.000 0.000

0.400 5.998 5.998 0.401

good good

0.401 3.000

good

3.000 0.200

good

0.200

good

0.000 1.540 1.540 2.018 2.018 47.055

good good

poor

fair

23.445

good 16.800 8.799

10.453

3.950

1.540

0.000 0.000 0.000 139.336

0.000 0.000 0.000 14.527

200.911

13.288

2.613

23.099

0.000

2.018

District II BALINDONG

7.198 Cabili Avenue Wato Pantao Ragat Wato Raya Tugaya

TUGAYA

1.256

good

0.000

1.742

good

13.067

poor

2.613

4.199 1.060

good

0.221 4.969

poor

0.000 0.596

( 160 )

fair

6.625


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Tugaya BACOLOD KALAWI

good

4.969

poor

0.596

good 1.825

0.493 Bacolod Grande

MADALUM Madalum Munai MADAMBA

1.003

0.493 0.660

good

0.660

good

2.800 Madamba Uyaan

GANASSI

2.800

PUALAS

3.000 0.000

good

MALABANG Malabang Beach Malabang Kalumbog BALABAGAN Itel Banago MAROGONG

good

PAGAYAWAN Porug Tatarikun Tangkal Buribid BINIDAYAN Binidayan Tubaran BAYANG

Lumbayanagu e Butig Lumbayanagu e Wago Nanagun Butig Lumbayanagu e Sugod

poor

4.500

1.736 3.500

0.329 3.080

good

3.080

good

poor

poor poor

2.920

1.414 0.000

5.687

5.408 0.000

good

5.687

poor

0.360

good

15.120

poor

poor

0.000

6.778 4.007 4.007

poor

0.000 1.000 1.000

8.010

0.000

poor

8.040

5.007 good 12.000

3.600

8.040 4.849

poor

0.000

1.500

0.000 0.370 good

38.750

good

0.950

0.370

good

2.520

0.000

good

9.650

fair

7.728

0.360 0.000

fair

2.888

0.282

good

10.22

1.414

0.175

0.282 0.000 0.000

22.00

2.920

0.000

3.600 1.501

good

poor

0.500

good

3.349 3.916

poor

1.001 3.104

good

3.916

poor

3.104

good

5.883

6.350

7.390

12.360

5.280

0.494

good

0.611

poor

0.195

good

0.400

good

3.000

poor

1.600

good

0.303

good

2.272

poor

3.485

good

2.020

LUMBAYANAGUE

18.260

good

1.197 Binidayan Bayang Bayang Dilausan Bayang Lumbatan

poor

12.000

0.360 Marogong Padas

1.003 18.260

5.236

12.535 Danugan Pualas Pualas Talambo Pualas Nunongon

0.329

4.500

3.000 Ganassi Pamalian Saliwato

LUMBATAN

1.060

11.640

19.300

5.640

1.000

good

0.900

poor

0.100

good

0.120 0.900

good good

7.920 1.000

poor poor

3.960 0.600

good good

0.000

1.820

poor

0.980

good

1.500

26.617

( 161 )

0.000

28.117


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Malabang Lumbatan BUTIG

1.500

good

26.617

2.050 Lumbatan Butig Dialongana

2.050

poor

1.750

good

5.000

1.200

1.750

35.524

0.000

poor

142.493

1.200

good

37.685

Total DI + DII =

215.705 416.619

Source: PEO, Lanao del Sur

3.8.1.1.3 Municipal Roads With respect to the roads administered and maintained by the respective municipal government of the province, it has a total length of 412.495 excluding the eight (8) municipalities whose municipal roads are not recorded. The Municipality of Mulondo is recorded to have the longest municipal road with a total length of 153.200 kilometers followed by Wao municipality of 38.50 kilometers while the Municipality of Piagapo has the shortest municipal road of only 1.025 kilometers. Comparing the three types of road network by administration in terms of length, the provincial road network has the longest length of 4156.619 including provincial roads located at Marawi City. The municipal road network of 412.495 kilometers length followed with only 2.584 kilometers lower than the provincial roads. Compared to the two local roads, the road network under the administration of the national government is almost one half with that of the provincial road in terms of length which is recorded at 230.134 kilometers. The total road network (national, provincial and municipal road) of the province is 1,059.248 kilometers (Table 106).

Table 106: Road Network by Municipality, and by Type of Administration

MUNICIPALITY Bacolod - Kalawi Balabagan Balindong Bayang Binidayan Buadipuso Buntong Bubong Bumbaran Butig Calanogas Ditsaan Ramain

TYPE OF ADMINISTRATION National

Provincial

Municipal

TOTAL (kms.)

4.400 15.000 6.000 7.000 8.000 4.615 1.536 18.380 16.200 4.927

1.825 5.007 23.099 12.360 7.390 12.555 37.762 5.000 21.281

7.500 4.700 4.100 6.000 12.500 4.400 3.130 9.475 2.600

13.725 24.707 33.199 25.360 27.890 17.170 39.298 22.780 8.130 25.675 28.808

( 162 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Ganassi Kapai Kapatagan Lumba Bayabao Lumbaca Unayan Lumbatan Lumbayanague Madalum Madamba Maguing Malabang Marantao Marogong Masiu Mulondo Pagayawan Piagapo Poona Bayabao Pualas Saguiaran Sultan Domalondong Sultan Gumander (Picong) Tagoloan Tamparan Taraka Tubaran Tugaya Wao Marawi City TOTAL Source: DPWH-Lanao del Sur

5.430 6.312 6.000 9.000 3.600 4.000 4.959 9.396 6.758 4.918 2.370 8.000 4.261 12.30 3.372 2.500 5.000 45.900 230.134

9.650 16.800 6.100 28.117 19.300 22.000 10.220 7.000 8.010 8.799 12.000 23.445 10.970 6.350 10.453 29.037 38.750 3.950 1.126 8.080 6.625 2.018 1.540 416.619

2.400 11.965 7.250 20.000 8.600 9.568 23.341 5.900 4.000 153.200 10.767 1.025 9.300 18.300 7.000 5.400 3.274 9.000 6.000 10.300 31.500 412.495

17.480 28.765 6.312 13.350 34.117 48.300 34.200 23.788 30.341 18.869 18.195 16.000 30.203 169.088 17.117 11.478 40.707 65.050 15.211 17.700 7.772 19.580 6.000 21.925 79.418 1.540 1,059.248

3.8.1.2 Bridges Regarding infrastructures on bridges, the DPWH recorded 37 bridges in the 1st congressional district of the province. Majority of the bridges are located along the Marawi- Masiu road with a total of 23 bridges. Other bridges in the 1 st district can be found in the Mulondo-Wao road, Mulondo-Kibaritan Section, Bumbaran-Talakag Section, and in Wao-Bumbaran Section. At the eastern side of the province moving to the southern part there are 8 bridges located along the Bukidnon boundary-North Cotabato boundary section (Table 107). In terms of length, the Pantar Bridge along the boundary of the province and the Province of Lanao del Norte is the longest bridge in the province with a total length of 73.153 linear meters. The shortest bridge is located in the Municipality of Taraka with a length of only 7.85 linear meters (Table 107).

( 163 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 107: Bridges along the National Road, District I, Lanao del Sur NAME OF BRIDGES/ SECTION

KM. STA.

TYPE OF STRUCTURE

LENGTH EACH SPAN

TOTAL LENGTH (M)

1554+260

Steel Truss

1-73.152

73.152

1570+013

RCDG

18.00

1574+962 1577+372 1578+272 1578+862 1579+542 1580+632 1584+342 1585+202 1587+982 1587+952 1589+172 1590+282 1591+472 1591+872 1592+392

RCIB RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG SD RCDG RCDG RCIB RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG SD

1592+932 1593+522 1594+242 1595+672 1597+272

SD

1-03.30 1-12.00 1-02.70 2-30.68 1-12.00 1-15.20 2-10.15 1-12.20 1-10.50 1-18.00 1-15.00 1-07.85 1-10.00 1-31.90 1-21.00 1-10.20 1-12.00 1-09.00 1-2.672

SD RCDG RCDG RCDG

1-09.00

09.00

1-27.432 1-12.00 1-18.00 2-17.50 2-13.00

27.432 12.00 18.00 61.60 (20.30) Backwall

1587+572

RCDG

1-40.00

40.00

1621+954 1623+444

RCDG RCDG

1-16.70 1-15.80

16.70 15.80

1604+444 1607+140 1607+220 1614+174

RCDG RCBXC RCDG

RCDG

1-22.20 1-12.00 1-19.20 1-23.20

22.20 12.00 19.20 23.20

1604+408

RCDG

118.00

18.00

I. Iligan - Marawi Road

Pantar Bridge II. Marawi – Masiu Road Puga-an Bridge Ramain Bridge Lumbac Bridge Buntong Bridge Manacab Bridge Sapot Bridge Gata Bridge # Mulondo Bridge Sigayan Bridge Taraka Bridge #1 Taraka Bridge #2 Taraka Bridge #3 Lalabuan Bridge Tatayawan Bridge Lumbac-Ingud Bridge Dilausan Bridge Gata Bridge #2 Bansayan Bridge #1 Bansayan Bridge #2 Bubong Bridge Talaguian Bridge Masiu Bridge III. Mulondo-Wao Road A. Mulondo - Maguing Section Bato-bato Bridge B. Bumbaran - Talakag Section Aperfort Bridge Mansilano Bridge C. Wao - Bumbaran Section Kilikili Bridge #1 Somogot Bridge #2 Somogot Bridge #1 Lambanogan Bridge D. Bukidnon Bdry. - North Cotabato Bdry. Road Section Kilikili Bridge #2

( 164 )

61.36 12.00 15.20 20.30 12.20 10.50 18.00 15.00 07.85 10.00 31.90 21.00 10.20 12.00 09.00 42.672


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Balatin Bridge Capegues Bridge Tuba Bridge Cagamcan Bridge Boot Bridge #1 Boot Bridge #2 Calawaeg Bridge

RCDG RCDG RCB XC RCB X C

1613+008 1617+919 1618+265 1619+222 1619+997 1621+897 1622+990

RCDG RCDG RCDG

186.04 125.20 110.00 115.20 118.00 119.20 121.00

86.04 25.20 10.00 15.20 18.00 19.20 21.00

Source: DPWH- Lanao del Sur In the 2nd congressional district of the province, majority of the bridges are located at the Municipality of Picong (formerly Sultan Gumander) with a total of 15 bridges and 1 each for the municipalities of Balindong and Tugaya. The longest bridge in the 2nd district is located at Malabang, the Matling Bridge with a length of 105 linear meters while the shortest bridge is located at the Municipality of Picong, the Durian Bridge with only 6.00 linear meters Table 108). Table 108: Bridges along the National Road, District II, Lanao del Sur NAME OF BRIDGES/SECTION I. Balindong Malaig Bridge II. Tugaya Cadapa-an Bridge IV. Madamba Madamba Bridge I Madamba Bridge II V. Ganassi Ganassi Cabayogan VI. Pualas Gadungan Pualas Bridge I Pualas Bridge II Purog Bridge VII. Lumbatan Lumbatan Bridge VIII. Malabang Balabagan Bridge Matling VIII. Kapatagan Maruan Bridge IX. Balabagan Itel Bridge Kal;ilangan Bridge

TYPE OF STRUCTURE

TOTAL LENGTH (Linear Meters)

RCDG

14.00

RCDG

18.00

RCDG RCDG

14.00 29.00

RCDG RCDG

13.00 18.00

RCDG Box Culvert RCDG Box Culvert

18.00 9.000 21.000 12.000

RCDG

30.00

Box Culvert RCDG

10.000 105.000

Box Culvert

15.000

RCDG Box Culvert RCDG

27.000 12.000 15.000

( 165 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Diarong Bridge Purakan Bridge Barorao Bridge X. Picong Maladug Bridge Miondas Bridge Carasaan Bridge Baraas Bridge Punong Bridge Ramitan Bridge Durian Bridge Malico Bridge Sumbuyanon Bridge Liangan Bridge Danori Bridge Pigcasaran Bridge Maganding Bridge Kabaturan Bridge Micolabo Bridge

Box Culvert Box Culvert

9.000 12.000

RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG Box Culvert RCDG Tember RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG RCDG STRS

62.000 30.000 22.000 57.000 9.000 45.000 6.000 21.000 18.000 83.000 18.000 24.000 45.000 24.000 75.15

Source: DPWH- Lanao del Sur

Comparing the bridges along national highways in the two districts of the province, the 1st district has more bridges than the 2nd district owing to the geographical difference of the two. In the first district, majority of bridges are located along the “Basak Area�, the lowland and flat portion of the province while in the 2nd district municipalities belong to the upland part of the province. There are also 48 bridges along provincial roads and 24 units of these bridges are concreted, 16 units are steel while 8 units are made of wood. In terms of its general condition, 85 % or 41 units are all passable, 11% needs repair while 4% or 2 units of these roads are temporary and unpassable. The maximum load capacity that some of these bridges could carry is 25 tons and the least load capacity is 10 tons (Table 109).

Table 109: Location, Type and General Condition of Existing Bridges along Provincial Roads, year: As of December 2008 Type Nam e of Bridge

Location

Concrete Length Width (m) (m)

Steel Length Width (m) (m)

Wood Length Width (m) (m)

Load Capacity (in tons)

General Condition

20

passable

20

passable

DISTRICT II BACOLOD KALAWI Antap

Madanding

8.0

5.0

BALABAGAN Barorao

Barorao

7.0

5.0

( 166 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 BALINDONG Raya

Lumbayao

15.0

5.0

20

passable

Paigoay

Paigoay

10.0

5.0

20

passable

Malaig

Malaig

20.58

3.5

20

passable

Dado

Dado

30.0

7.5

25

passable

BUTIG Malungun 1

Sundig

15.0

4.0

Malungun 2

Poblacion

12.0

4.0

Dagtong

Poblacion

3.0

4.0

20

passable unpassable

15

passable

GANASSI Poblacion 1

Poblacion

29.0

7.5

25

passable

Poblacion 2

Poblacion

28.0

8.0

25

Tina-an

Taliogon

10

passable needs repair

Bualan

Bualan

15

passable

15.0 3.8

4.0

4.0

KAPATAGAN Pinantao Seapang

10.0

5.0

20

passable

Dapolak

Lumbaca Unayan

24.0

5.0

20

passable

Rupie

Bangon

10

temporary

Tringun

Tringun

18.0

5.0

20

passable

Matling

Calipapa

25

passable

10

needs repair

Low er Seapang LUMBACA UNAYAN

24.0 35.0

4.0

5.0

LUMBATAN Buad

Buad

18.0

5.0

Lumbatan

Tringun

15.0

5.0

20

passable

Dapolac

Dapolac

11.0

5.0

20

passable

Poblacion

Poblacion

15.0

5.0

20

passable

Dilangoin

Raya

6.0

5.0

15

passable

Cabuntongan

Kasalayan

4.0

5.0

15

passable

Bubonga-Uyan

BubongaUyaan

12.0

5.0

25

passable

Baw ang

Baw ang

25

passable

Tabaran

Tabaran

12.0

5.0

25

passable

25

passable

40.0

6.0

25

passable

20

passable

LUMBAYANAGUE

MADAMBA

12.0

5.0

MALABANG Matling

Matling

Tubok

Tubok

Mananayo

Mananayo

40.0 15.0

( 167 )

7.0 7.0


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 MAROGONG Spanish

Matling

44.0

3.0

25

passable

Logitip

Escandarya

25.0

3.0

25

passable

Lingi-ay

Lingi-ay

20

passable

15

needs repair

13.0

7.0

PAGAYAWAN Dilausan Porug

Ngi-ngir

20.0

2.0

Pinalangka

Pinalangka

6.0

5.0

15

passable

Paigoay

Paigoay

15.0

4.0

15

Bangon

Bangon

12.0

4.0

10

passable needs repair

Ambaring

Ambaring

4.0

3.0

15

passable

Bolinsong

6.0

3.0

15

passable

Punung

Domalondong

6.0

5.0

15

passable

Bacayaw an

Bacayaw an

6.0

5.0

15

passable

Tangkal

Tangkal

12.0

4.0

20

passable

Mindam-dag

Mindam-dag

3.5

4.0

15

Kadingilan

Kadingilan

10

passable needs repair

10

passable

10

passable

10

passable

10

passable

PUALAS Bolinsong SULTAN DOMALONDONG

TUBARAN

10.0

4.0

TUGAYA Raya Kapatagan

Raya Kapatagan

4.41

5.0

Putad

Putad

3.5

2.5

Dilimbayan

Dilimbayan

Cayagan

Cayagan

5.0 5.5 293.7

4.0

4.0 293.6

Source: PEO, Lanao del Sur

( 168 )

121.0


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure No. 32 Existing Infrastructure Map showing Road Networks and Bridges

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure No.33 Map on other Existing Infratructure Facilities

3.8.2 IRRIGATION (National and Communal Irrigation Projects) Status of Irrigation Development, CY 2009 The province of Lanao del Sur comprises of forty one (39) municipalities and about ten (10) municipalities are high potential for irrigation development which is about forty five thousand and one hundred twenty seven (40,186) hectares irrigable areas. If all these potential irrigable areas will be irrigated with estimated average yields of one hundred cavans per hectares, with two harvests per year, the entire populace of the province of Lanao del Sur could be feed, while the surplus rice production could be supplied and expanded to other areas in the ARMM. The province has the best water resources in the ARMM and even in the entire country; we have the Malaig, Rugnan, Taraka, Ramain Rivers and several others which we could be tapped for irrigation projects.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 110: Status of Irrigation Development Potential Area Service Area (Ha.) (Ha)

Percent Dev’t

Remaining Area (Ha)

100

1.7M

Nationwide

3.10M

1.4M

Mindanao

0.96M

0.27M

199,084

20,542

Lanao del Sur

40,126

5,658

34,528

District I

21,334

4,831

16,503

District II

18,852

711

18,141

ARMM

0.69M

1ST District Name of Municipality

Potential Irrigable Area (Has.)

Service Area (Has.)

Irrigation Development %

1,495.00

501.00

33.51

90.00

28.13

% Share

1.

Marawi City

300.00

2.

Lumba-Bayabao

3.

Wao

320.00

4.

Piagapo

205.00

5.

Marantao

6.

Masiu

1,400.00

400.00

0.29

7.

Maguing

1.438.00

157.00

10.92

8.

Taraka

9.

Tamparan

120.00

14.20

8,767.00

1,268.00

14.46

3,050.00

1,350.00

44.26

10. Ditsaan Ramain

127.00

11. 11. Poona-Bayabao

200.00

12. Saguiran

250.00

13. Bubong

845.00

14. Buadi Puso Buntong

100.00

15. Kapai 16. Mulondo

1,527.00 110.00

17. Bumbaran 18. Tagoloan II SUB-TOTAL 19. Rugnan (RIS) a. Lumba Bayabao b. Ponna Bayabao c. Tamparan d. Taraka e. Maguing

450.00

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 f. Molundo 20. Ditsaan Ramain (RIP) a. Ditsaan-Ramain b. Bubong c. Buadipuso Buntong NIS Total Grand Total

4,000

7,050

1,250.00

19.15

15,817

2,618.00

16.55

Service Area (Has.)

Irrigation Development %

2nd District Name of Municipality

Potential Irrigable Area (Has.) 2,750

% Share

1.

Butig

2.

Balabagan

2,085

2,085

3.

Balindong

70

70

4.

Ganassi

1,000

1,000

5.

Kapatagan

1,864

1,864

0.5

6.

Lumbatan

1,010

1,010

0.5

7.

Madalum

120

120

2.1

8.

Madamba

268

268

9.

Malabang

980

980

1.1

3,190

3190

1

510

570

3,010

3010

1

815

815

2

14. Tubaran

200

200

13

15. Lumbayanague

450

450

10. Marogong 11. Pagayawan 12. Pikong (Sultan Gumander) 13. Pualas

2,750

16. Balindong 17. Sultan Domalondong SUB-TOTAL

70 400

400

Grand Total

( 172 )

18,852

2.23

21,470

36.78


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 33: Map of Irrigation Facilities, Lanao del Sur

3.8.3 DRAINAGE AND FLOOD CONTROL Rolling plateaus dominate the landscape of Lanao del Sur. Deep canyons cut near the edges of these plateaus where at several points flaunting waterfalls descent to the narrow coastal plains. Lanao Lake is set on one such plateau. Several smaller streams and creeks dissect the area in dendritic pattern and generally flow towards Lake Lanao and Mindanao Sea. Some of these streams and creeks are of the perennial type, while the rest are intermittent. The location, source and discharge of these streams can give a good indication of the general groundwater condition.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 3.8.4 SOLID WASTE Increasing population and inappropriate waste management practices are linked with the solid waste disposal and management problems in the province. In response to the adverse environmental impacts of the open dumping method of solid waste disposal being practiced by LGU’s, the nationl government has encouraged the adoption of the sanitary landfill method as the proper method for waste disposal. The problem on the collection and disposal of solid waste is a primary concern of LGUs. Undisciplined citizens throw their garbage in vacant lots, canals, streams and rivers. Others do not even bother to cooperate with the programs and projects of the barangays, municipalities, cities and the national government agencies. Other urban residents complain of the less frequent garbage collection by LGUs concerned. Budget allocation of LGUs has been insufficient for the implementation of solid waste management program/activities. To address the issues and problems enumerated above, the following are the recommended actions, to wit; a) R.A. 9003, DAO 2001-34 (its implementing Rules and regulations). City and Municipal ordinances related to Solid Waste Management should be strictly implemented by LGUs to be monitored by EMB and other concerned agencies; b) LGUs should strictly implement their 10-year Solid Waste Management Plan consistent with their resolutions and ordinances prepared. They should set aside sufficient funds for Solid Waste Management Programs/activities; c) Massive Information campaign should be conducted through print television and radio; d) LGUs should see to it that Solid Waste Management is included in their priority for implementation and the SWM plan shall include an implementation schedule which shows that within five (5) years after the effectivity of RA 9003; the LGU shall divert at least 25% of all solid wastes from waste disposal facilities through re-use, recycling, and composting activities and other resource recovery activities, and that the waste diversion goals shall be increased every three (3) years thereafter; and,

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 e) LGUs should immediately convert their open waste disposal sites to controlled dumpsites following procedures as stipulated under R.A. 9003, in order not to face fines and penalties.

3.8.5 Energy and Electrictrification/Power Supply Generation The Lake Lanao that drains through the 26 kilometers Agus River serves as the major source of power supply of the mainland Mindanao. Two of the seven power generating plants of the National Power Corporation (NPC) are located in the province; the Agus I Hydroelectric Power Plant with a rated capacity of 80 megawatts is located right at the center of Marawi City. The other one is the Agus II Power Plant located at the Municipality of Saguiaran with a rated capacity of 120 megawatts. The Power Generation Lanao del Sur hosts the principal power source of the Mindanao Grid. Lake Lanao through the Agus River has been made use of its potential by the National Power Corporation to generate 1,000 megawatts by hydroelectric power. The Lanao del Sur Electric Cooperative apportioned power in this province. Aside from these, the Matling Industrial Corporation also operates a mini-hydroelectric plant, with a rated capacity of 5 megawatts Table 111: Generating Plants in Lanao del Sur SOURCE/TYPE 1. HYDRO Agus 1, Unit I Agus 1, Unit 2 2. MINIHYDRO Matling (Sef-generation) TOTAL FOR LANAO DEL SUR

CAPACITY (MW)

LOCATION

80 120

Marawi City, Lanao del Sur Marawi City, Lanao del Sur

1.5

Malabang, Lanao del Sur

201.5

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

The Lanao del Sur Electric Cooperative (LASURECO) supplies the household power requirements of the constituents of the province. As of December 2007, out of the 1,129 Barangays only 892 were energized which is equivalent to 81%. With respect to household connections, only 49,074 households out of the102, 950 potential consumers were energized representing 48% of the total number of consumers. Percentage of barangay electrification in the province is equivalent to 81%. It is lower than ARMM of average of 84 % in year 2008. The barangay electrification does not include those barangay in the remote areas which cannot be reached by the power of LASURECO. These areas are provided with electric power by AMORE, a foreing assisted project existing in the ARMM. Table 112: Status of Electrification, As of December 2007 CITY / MUNICIPALITY

No. of Covered Barangays

No. of Energized Barangay

No. of Unenergized Barangay

% enegized Barangays

Total Service Member Consumer

Service Connection

% Energized Consumer

1.

Marawi City

98

98

-

100%

18,356

18,858

103%

2.

L. Bayabao

38

34

4

89%

3,469

966

28%

3.

33

33

-

100%

2,283

1,258

51%

4.

Ditsaan Ramain Bubong

37

33

4

89%

2,212

1,080

49%

5.

B.Buntong

33

31

2

94%

2,055

629

31%

6.

25

21

4

84%

2,118

1,069

50%

7.

PoonaBayabao Taraka

43

37

6

86%

2,785

1,172

42%

8.

Maguing

34

32

2

94%

2,547

1,021

40%

9.

Tamparan

44

44

-

100%

2,639

1,221

46%

10. Masiu

35

34

1

97%

3,182

1,267

40%

11. Piagapo

37

29

8

78%

3,035

1,066

35%

12. Wao

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

13. Bumbaran

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

14. Mulondo

26

25

1

96%

1,858

880

47%

15. Marantao

36

33

3

92%

3,748

2,407

64%

16. Balindong (WATU) 17. Saguiran

38

36

2

95%

2,702

1,888

70%

31

28

3

90%

2,856

1,344

47%

18. Kapai

21

17

4

81%

1,907

389

20%

19. Tagoloan

21

11

10

19%

1,300

150

12%

2nd District of Lanao del Sur

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 1. Malabang

37

29

8

78%

5,074

2,894

47%

2. Pikong (Sultan Gumander) 3. Balabagan

21

11

10

52%

1,713

729

43%

27

18

9

67%

2,681

1,845

69%

4. Kapatagan

15

6

9

40%

1,456

909

62%

5. Calanogas

17

13

4

76%

1,645

340

10%

6. Pualas

23

19

4

83%

1,109

568

51%

7. Madalum

37

17

20

46%

2,289

475

21%

8. Madamba

24

13

11

54%

1,653

460

28%

9. Bacolod Kalawi 10. Ganassi

33

31

2

94%

2,408

1,226

51%

11. Tugaya

21

5

16

24%

1,349

473

35%

12. Pagayawan

19

16

3

84%

1,339

456

34%

13. Tubaran

21

5

16

24%

1,349

473

35%

14. Marogong

24

6

18

25%

2,002

553

28%

15. Lumbatan

19

16

3

84%

2,092

1,128

54%

16. Lumbayanag ue 17. Sultan Domalondong 18. Butig

22

15

7

68%

2,580

407

16%

11

5

6

45%

1,050

384

37%

16

10

6

63%

3,498

756

22%

19. Binidayan

26

15

11

58%

2,465

677

27%

20. Bayang

49

49

-

100%

2,826

730

26%

21. LumbacaUnayan TOTAL

9

8

1

89%

463

356

77%

1,129

892

221

81%

102,950

49,074

50%

Source: Lanao del Sur Electric Cooperative (LASURECO) The municipalities of Bumbaran and Wao are under the Bukidnon Electric Cooperative. In addition, the status of electrification of the three (3) municipalities under the administrative supervision of the provincial government of Lanao del Norte are not included.

In year 2003, the province of Lanao del Sur has barangay electrification of only 59.96% and ARMM IS 50.39%. However, in the year 2007, ARMM has increased 84% and Lanao del Sur increased into 81%. The development of electric power is quite as compare to the other provinces in the country. The franchise area of LASURECO as provided in the map consists of District I and II including the City of Marawi.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Figure 34: Franchise Area of LASURECO

Transmission Two (2) power sub-stations of the National Power Corporation (NPC) are also located in the province, the Saduc Power Sub-station located at Saduc Marawi City and the Bubong Power Sub-station located at the Municipality of Bubong. Electric Prices It may be important to note that even as Lake Lanao is the source of power supply in mainland Mindanao, the people of Lanao do not enjoy the same low power rate of the other provinces. The services of the LASURECO are very poor in terms of maintenance and power distribution. The occurrence of power failure happens everyday and or anytime of the day which is discouraging to any form of economic activity that requires power supply or electricity.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Biofuels As of this writing, bofuels do not flourished in the province. Extensive promotion needs to be conducted in the province for biofuels project. 3.7 Existing Land Use 3.7.1 Build-up Areas A Built-up area is defined in the HLRB Guidelines as a contiguous grouping of ten or more structures. Built-up areas therefore are lands which underwent processing, meaning were used as base for dwelling units and infrastructure utilities/facilities. In Lanao del Sur built-up areas are composed of settlements and civil reservations. Settlements are areas where concentrations of population engage in economic, political, cultural and social activities. They vary from rural areas to urban centers. Agriculture-based settlements are predominantly agriculture production areas while the urban centers serve as the industrial, commercial, service, and administrative centers. On the other hand, civil reservations are lands appropriated by government for special use but were eventually used as settlement areas. The built-up areas per NAMRIA survey in the province constitute a total of 2.750 square kilometers. However, this has to be verified since the survey was conducted quite a long time ago. The 2000 CPH shows a number of urban population suggesting the probability of having an urban centers or build-up areas. Marawi City has the highest urban population and the Municipality of Bubong has the lowest urban population. The urban population sets the parameters of the estimated areas of urban centers or build-up areas. The Islamic City of Marawi serves as the primary urban center of the province being the center of trade and commerce, education, cultural and health. The Municipalities of Malabang, Wao, Tamparan and Marantao are considered as secondary urban centers. These municipalities strategically located in the province serving the needs of its population in terms of commerce and trade, education, cultural and health. Table 113: Primary, Secondary Center and Medium Town, Lanao del Sur Primary Urban Center Marawi

Secondary Urban Center Malabang Wao

Medium Town Ditsaan Ramain Lumba Bayabao

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Tamparan Marantao

Lumbatan Masiu Ganassi Saguiran Balindong Kapatagan Bumbaran Tugaya

3.7.2 Sustainability of Land Use Sustainable land use refers to a kind of land use which can be continuously practice in the future resulting to the same level of productivity and poses no deterioration on the land resource. If the use of land is in the accordance with its land suitability then it is a sustainable land use There are three categories of sustainability of land use such as, 1) Sustainable Land Use – Lands are utilized according to its land sustainability; 2) Development Opportunity – Lands are utilized to its optimum use since the level of usage is below its intensity e.g. land is suitable for rice but land is used for cultivated annual crops; 3) Nonsustainable – the utilization of land exceeds its suitability level. The development opportunity areas based from the sustainability land use map are: Balabagan Balindong, Bayang, Binidayan, B. Buntong, Bubong, Bumbaran,Butig, Calanogas, Ganassi, Kapai, Kapatagan, L. Bayabao, Lumbayanague, Madalum, Madamba, Maguing, Malabang, Marogong, Masiu, Mulondo, Pagayawan and Piagapo. Other municipalities with small portions of sustainability areas are: Bacolod Grande, Lumbatan, Madalum, Marantao, Poona Bayabao, Ditsaan Ramain and Sultan Gumander. Large number of municipalities in Lanao del Sur are currently practicing sustainable land use in some areas and these are the following: Bacolod Grande, Balindong, Bayang, Binidayan, Buadipuso Buntong, Bubong, Butig, Calanogas, Ganassi, Lumba Bayabao, Lumbatan, Lumbayanague, Madalum, Madamba, Maguing, Malabang, Marantao, Masiu, Mulondo, Piagapo, Poona-Bayabao, Ditsaan-Ramain, Saguiaran, S. Gumander, Tamparan, Taraka, Tugaya and Marawi City. However, despite the campaign for sustainable use of land in the province, there are still farmers in municipalities not adopting sustainable use of land and these are: Bacolod Gande, Balabagan, Balindong, Bayang, Binidayan, Butig, Ganassi, Kapai, Kapatagan, Lumbatan, Lumbayanague, Madalum, Madamba, Malabang, Marantao, Pagayawan, ( 180 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Piagapo, Pualas, Saguiaran, Sultan Gumander, Tagoloan and Marawi City. Figure 35: Sustainable Land Use Map

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER IV DEVELOPMENT ISSUES OR PROBLEMS, GOALS AND OBJECTIVES 4.1 Development Issues/Problems The planning environment revealed that the province is fundamentally faced by hindering factors in attaining its development vision. For instance Development issues on poverty, increasing population, undeveloped physical and economic resources, and environmental degradation are among the challenges that confronted the province The province envisions achieving economic growth and mitigating environment degradation and thus, the need to respond to the following development issues and problems in order to be able to plan better and provide the needs of the future generation. Pervasive Poverty /High level of poverty threshold Poverty incidence is always high in the Philippines. Worst is that ARMM was at the top of those areas in the Philippines with high incidence of poverty. Many of the people in the province is living with in the poverty threshold as many household cannot provide satisfaction to basic needs and or are marginalized poor. One reason for this high incidence of poverty is that for years, investment in the province had been slow and it follows that it does not provides trickling effect for development to take place, while other areas in the country boomed with pouring domestic and foreign investments, e.g. Davao City, Cagayan de Oro City and nearby provinces in Mindanao. The lack of investment in the province has left some of its economic resources idle and largely untapped such as agricultural and tourism development, metallic and non-metallic resources. 1. Fast Increasing Population Growth Rate The AAGR of the province for the census period 2000-2007 posted a rate of 5.16%, which was relatively higher than the AAGR of the region and the nation. If the province will continue to grow at this level, it is expected to reach the one million population mark in year 2011. This population magnitude would result to scarcity in resources, high demand for housing and employment opportunities including land for residential use, and increasing number of out of school youths and adults working abroad.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The culture and practices among Maranao especially prominent families on arranged and early marriages are one of the factors that contribute to the rising population of the province. 2. Environmental Degradation Global warming and environmental degradation is a world phenomenon that faced communities and sitio today. In the province most of the forest cover in the 39 municipalities has been deforested and converted into other land uses such settlement, agriculture and other uses. There are also areas in the province that are identified as potential for land slides, soil erosion and volcanic eruption. This implies that some communities in the province like Calanogas has the vulnerability to flooding incidence. Lake Lanao is also a candidate for water pollution being made as the dumping site of some municipalities and those non biodegradable materials such as cellophane and detergent. 3. Absence of zoning ordinances and Outdated/absence of Land use plan Under the Local Government Code (LGC), cities and municipalities are mandated to prepare and update their respective comprehensive land use plans. However, only nine (9) of the 39 municipalities of the province have CLUP. The situation causes the unreasonable estimates of future demand for land and other resources including services to be a under utilized. Moreover, there was a popular observation the many LGU's in the province have not formulated their Zoning Ordinances despite their mandate as provided in the LGC. Economic and environmental impacts of development activities that took place or were planned in their respective localities are also lacking and or nonexistent. LGUs must therefore fully recognize the importance of formulating, updating and implementing their respective CLUPs, prepare and update their respective plans according to sound technical and participatory process, and formulate their Zoning Ordinances as well as strictly enforce the same. As a result of the absence of Zoning ordinances there is a settlements encroachment/pressure on prime agricultural lands and ECAs.This was even aggravated by encroachment on river and waterways easement and the conversion of prime agricultural lands to other uses

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 4. Low Level of Irrigation Development The economy of the province is agricultural based and the constituents’ income relies much on agricultural production. However, despite this requirement, only 14% of the total irrigable areas in the province have been provided with irrigation facilities. The low irrigation development is one of the stumbling blocks in the economic growth and development of the province particularly in the rural areas. Low agricultural productions are attributed to the inadequacy in irrigation facilities in spite of the vast fertile agricultural lands in the forty (40) municipalities including Marawi City. Some specific issues are as follows: a) NIA Rationalization Plan per E.O. 718 approved last April 8, 2008 effective this year; Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Sulu, Basilan, & Tawi-tawi combined into one (1) Provincial Irrigation Management Office. b) Seek assistance for the increase budget allocation for the implementation of Malaig RIP, Peace and Development National Irrigation Project in Ditsaan Ramain and Rehabilitation of Rugnan RIP; c) Seek assistance for funding allocation of Communal Irrigation Projects Under-used/idle production land as observed in the province is because farmers lost interest in farming because of the lack of irrigation. 5. Poor governance There is an inadequacy in institutional linkages for the delivery of basic services in the province and what aggravate the situations is the overlapping of functions and uncoordinated implementation of ODA projects. Municipal and barangay local governance are weak or have inadequate capabilities particularly in revenue generation, taxation, development planning, coordination and assessment/ implementation of programs and projects. Urgency of need for self-reliance and sustainable governance become a must and priority endeavors in line with the current effort towards decentralization. Therefore, the taxation capabilities at the local levels particularly at the municipal and barangay level should be enhanced. 6. Low agricultural and fishery Productivity

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The province boasts fertile vast agricultural lands and water bodies though its production is relatively low. This may be attributed to high cost of farm inputs such as fertilizers, seeds, pesticides, herbicides, among others. The estimated cost can reach Php15,000 to Php 25,000 for rice and corn that would give a yield of 3.5 to 5 metric tons per hectare or as much as P35,000 to a maximum of P50,000.00 and leaving a very minimal income to agricultural farmers. 7. Inadequacy of Infrastructure Support Facilities The absence of basic infrastructure facilities in the province has been a big stumbling block to spur economic growth and development particularly in the rural areas. The province recognized the need of more physical infrastructure such as transportation and communication facilities, post harvest facilities, flood control and drainage system, marketing and other farming support facilities. 8. Absence of study on Mining Areas Absence of Development Plan/Research & development study for detailed geological survey, mineral research and development among others are also concerns in the province. Absence of database or information system for readily retrieval of input data is another issue that is a stumbling bloc to development. It connotes that the research and development on potential resources were overlooked and not being tackled as priority development agenda of the province. 9. Absence of comprehensive waste management system/ garbage disposal facility

common

Most of the municipalities of the province do not have site for dumping wastes. Waste disposal are place even on deep ravines and there is no data on waste volume. Even Marawi City is still on the process of making its own Solid Waste Management Program, it is expected that Solid Waste Management is none existence for the whole of Lake Lanao areas. 10. Inadequate facilities in some government hospitals Government Hospital in the province like the Provincial hospital, rural health centers and barangay centers lack basic facilities to cater to the need of the constituents of lanao del sur. In fact facilities are so in adequate.added to this are Medicines Supplies are insufficient coupled with shortage of medical personnel such as doctors, nurses and other personnel.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 This is the reason why maranaos goes to Iligan and CDO even for ordinary check up and hospitalisation. There are several private hospitals in Marawi City but again they too lack facilities to provide health services to the people. 11. Inadequate facilities/classrooms education schools'

in both public tertiary

and basic

Public tertiary and basic education institutions have inadequate facilities such as rooms. Learning facilities and other support services which is a requirements to provide quality graduates that are globally competitiveness. 12. IRA dependent It follows that because many LGU's have no income generating program and there was even an absence of revenue collections, LGU's are very dependent on Internal Revenue Allocation (IRA) from the national government. LGU's survival is dependent from the national subsidy which implies that delivery of basic services is very limited. Limited LGU resources to finance major infrastructure development because of their dependency to IRA 13. Poor condition of Farm to Market Roads In the province local farmers were discourage to increase their agricultural and fisheries products because of the difficulties in bringing said products to the market as a result of the poor condition of the farm to market roads. This implies that farmer were not motivated to engage in entrepreneurship activities because of the impassable farm to market road. Thus, because of the situation farmers’ limit their production to family consumptions only for shipping and transporting cost in bringing their goods to the market is very costly. 14. Minimal Financial/Credit facilities There was an absence of lending Institution in the province due to the Islamic principle that usury is a taboo. Financial /credit facilities in the province is kept to a minimum. Even those who provide financial credit were kept secret because of this religious prohibition. This implies that even if people in lanao wanted to establishes a livelihood program but without capital this is not possible. This is the reason why many farmers cannot produce more due to lack of capital. 15. Non-collection of local taxes

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 There is a total absence of collection of local taxes in the province. Municipalities and Barangays have not formulated local tax code despite being mandated to do so. The provincial government has just formulated their revenue code and it remains yet to be implemented. The scenario in the province is that local taxes can not be collected because people will took that as an offense and LCE do not want to give reason to the people in not supporting them during election. Tax mapping was also not done by the municipalities and barangays. 16. Non-conformance to road standard & traffic rules/regulation People of Lanao del sur do not conform to road standard and traffic rules and regulations. Many houses built along the road side violated road standard. In other words people built their house very near to the road not following the three (3) and or twelve (12) meters away from the road side. Commercial building and even public buildings violated road standard. There are no traffic lights in Marawi and jeepney operators and drivers have no trainings or orientation on road courtesy and how to obey traffic rules and regulations. This reason why there is always heavy traffic in Marawi city. 17. Poor Access to basic services In the province there was an inadequacy delivery of basic services to poorest sectors of the society. Basic services are inaccessible to the marginalized sectors. Basic services such as health, education, water, housing and etc. is very inadequate. As propounded above that educational institutions facilities and hospitals facilities was very inadequate resulting to high rate illiteracy as pupils and students loss interest in schooling. Cohort rates are very high in the province. At the same time poor health services lead to high mortality and morbidity rates especially among children and mothers. Ironically the province is the source of the hydro electric power for Mindanao with Lake Lanao presence yet our light is very unstable and is often time jokingly called as “dancing� light because it is on and off. Another thing is we pay higher electrical bills compare to other areas in Mindanao. Many households in the province still use the lake as a source of drinking water and other uses like washing and bathing. Potable water is a shortage in many municipalities. 19. Poor Sanitation and Hygienes Many houses along lakeside still uses the lake as their toilet areas at the same time using the lake as a source of water needs which is very

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 unsanitary and threatened their health as such practice is a potential source of diseases. Absence of waste disposal facilities and solid waste management program all contributed to the poor sanitation and hygienes in the areas. 20. Control by a few of political power and Differences in political beliefs and ideologies Injustice and abuse of power is very glaring in the province because political power were control by few families who are rich and who have means to play dirty politics like vote buying to their advantage. Beside differences in political beliefs and ideologies resulted often time to conflict among clans and political parties. Clans conflict is deterring factor to development as properties and life were destroyed when such conflict lead to rido. 21. Old Farm Management and Marketing Practice Up to the present time upland farmers still practice Kaingin system and old market practices. In the province, this old farming system which caused the lost of the fertility of most land as soil nutrients is destroyed still existed. According to most farmers they lost their interest in toiling the land as they become a dead soil. Working to a dead land becomes expensive because you have to supplement the lost soil nutrients with expensive fertilisers which they cannot afford. 22. Depleting mangrove areas Among coastal areas in the province it is also observed that mangroves were not well taken cared of and farmers do not recognised the importance of mangroves. Mangroves were unmercifully cut instead of preserving it not only for it aesthetic value but for its value to the coastal areas serving as sanctuary for fish and protection against flood. 23. Unregulated sand and gravel quarrying In the province ordinances were not formulated to regulate sand and gravel quarrying. It can be observed that people in the community especially those considered to be goons over utilised sand and gravel without even paying due taxes. People in the province are not aware that sand and gravel are national wealth which should not be privatised. 24. Inequitable access to urban facilities and services Urban facilities and services are concentrated in the center or in the cities like in Marawi City, Iligan City and Cagayan de Oro City. For examples facilities

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 like advance medical facilities were only found in Iligan and CDO. Other facilites too like Internet is available in urban areas thus to avail of it means that you have to go to the urban areas which is very expensive. 25. Untapped tourism potentials The province has a variety of tourist spots which is not developed. The province is very rich with cultural heritage which are potential tourist interest .The several land mark in the province could make the province as an areas that will be a tourist destination that can bring potential investors to the areas which in the end bring development.

4.2 Development Goals/Objectives 4.2.1 Goals The province of Lanao del Sur overall goals is to achieved politicoeconomic and socio-cultural upliftment within the context of clean, sound and peace environment, sustainable humane development and good governance as well as promote public order and security that ensure access to quality basic services especially for the poor segment of the population Development goals are projected to be attained at the end of the development planning period as enumerated below: Increased community awareness on Family Planning Program Enhanced Clean and healthy environment Improved solid waste management program Improved Economic activities and facilities Maximized productivity within productive areas Ensured sustainable growth and development of agriculture and fisheries Improved collection of local revenues Improved delivery and access to education services diffuse the concentration of facilities and services to municipalities Improved access to water sanitation utilities Improved delivery and access to education services Improved delivery and access to Health Services and other basic services Conformance to road standard & traffic rules and regulations Improved the access to infrastructure support, facilities and utilities Establishment of zoning and land use policy Assessment of idle land ownership ( 189 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Diffuse the power shift from governance Improve governance

the rich to the poor by improving

4.2.2 Objectives General: To improve the living condition of at least 50% of the families in province of Lanao del Sur Specific: To enhance the awareness of the community on the effect of population explosion and early arrange marriage by 60 % at the end of 2015 To improve implementation of environmental program by 40% in 2015 To establish one ecological solid waste management and distribution system in each municipality by the end of 2015 To develop potential tourist spots and historical heritage by 60% in 2015 To preserve and improve mangrove areas in coastal barangays by 2013 To probate support on the research study on mining areas To facilitate establishment of financing institutions To increase agricultural yield To increase agricultural production by 40% in underutilized land To increase local fish catch by 20% To increase production of inland fisheries by 30% To increase employment rate 80% by end of 2015 To reduce poverty incidence to 40% by end of 2015. To increase family income to P10,000.00 for a family of 5 To encourage setting up of businesses in the communities To develope local industries by end of 2013 To establish Lanao Provincial Economic Zone by 2010 To regulate operation on sand and gravel by 2015 To increase revenue collection by 10% in 2010 To increase access of potable water to 60% To increase access to 40% of sanitary toilets To increase literacy rate to 70% by end of 2015 To increase cohort survival rate to70%

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 To increase school participation rate to 80% To reduce pupils/students drop-out rate to 50% To improve education facilities and equipments To implement teacher-student ratio requirement per standard To improve teachers competency To provide additional administrative personnel To reduced mortality rate to 50% by end of 2013 To reduced underweight children to 70% by the end of 2013 To reduced morbidity rate to 80% by end of 2013. To increase access to health facilities by 70% by 2013 To increase awareness on road standard & traffic rules and regulation To increase and improve farm to market roads in the city/municipal/ barangay linkages To fasttrack completion of lake lanao circumferential road and boulevard by 2020 To fasttrack completion of the concreting of WAO- Bumbaran Maguing Road To rehabilitate national roads from Lanao to Cotabato and Lanao Sur to Lanao Norte by 2020 To rehabilitate and concrete provincial roads by 2015 To improve community services related to transport, water supply, power, communication, health and education To improve and upgrade communication facilities To legislate zoning ordinances and comprehensive land use plans To identify idle land ownership To increase Power shifting from rich to the poor by 30% To increase good and accountable, transparent governance by 50%

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER V SECTORAL STRATEGIES, PROGRAMS, PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES 5.1 Sectoral Strategies In support of the goals and objectives, the following strategies are identified for the planning period: Disseminate / popularized the new FATWAH on family planning Strict Enforcement of Enviromental Laws and Policies formulate LGU SWM Plan Formulate ordinances on SWM Encourage all LGUs to formulate their SWM plans Provision of common garbage/waste disposal facility Strengthen tourism program and formulate tourist plan Promote protection program for the mangrove areas Availability of research study on mining areas by 2015 Assessment of financial institution and infrastructures facilities Adoption of new farm technology and inputs (organic farming) Provision of irrigation system by 2015 Formulation of local ordinances on the use of sand and gravel resources Strict compliance of the revenue laws and regulations Formulation of Revenue Code Promotion of better basic services Provision of livelihood program Production of IEC materials (brochure, billboar) Implementation of all rehabilitation and concreting of all road network whether it is national,regional and local allocation of funds for this purpose Direct all LGUs to formulate their Comprehensive Land Use Plan, Zoning Ordinances and Comprehensive Development Plans per JMC 001 Conduct survey and assessment of land Strengthen electoral reform program Conduct Voters education during election Promote and encourage people’s participation in governance

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Table 114: Summary of Goals and Objectives, Strategies and PPAs

GOALS

OBJECTIVES

Increased community awareness on Family Planning Program

To enhance the awareness of the community on the effect of population explosion and early arrange marriage by 60 % at the end of 2015

STRATEGIES Disseminate / popularized the new FATWAH on family planning

PPA’s Reproduction of IEC material on FP (leaflets, brochure, posters, newsletter) To conduct IEC on FP and the Code of Muslim Personal Laws Regular Radio/TV Program on FP (Reproductive Health, Fatwah Seminar/training on good parenting and marriages in Islam

Enhanced Clean and healthy environment

improvement of environmental program by 40% in 2015

Strict Enforcement of Enviromental Laws and Policies formulate LGU SWM Plan

Community-Based cleanliness program

formulate ordinances on SWM

IEC on SWM

Clean and Green Award Program

Improved solid waste management program

each municipality should at least have one ecological solid waste management and distribution system by the end of 2015

Provision of common garbage/waste disposal facility

Construction of garbage disposal and waste facility

Enhanced tourism program

To develop potential tourist spots and historical heritage by 60% in 2015

Strengthen tourism program and formulate Tourism Plan

Implement Tourism plan and program Conduct a survey and developed all tourist spots and cultural heritage Implement environmental laws

preservation of the mangrove areas

To preserve and improve mangrove areas

promote protection program for the mangrove areas

formulate ordinance for the protection of the mangrove areas

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 GOALS

OBJECTIVES

STRATEGIES

of coastal barangays by 2013

PPA’s

support and conduct research study on mining areas

Encouraged study and research on mining areas

provision of support on the research study on mining area

Availability of research study on mining areas by 2015

Improved Economic activities and facilities

Establishment of financing institutions

Assessment of financial institution and infrastructures facilities

Micro-financing program

Increased agricultural production by maximizing productivity in productive areas

Increase agricultural yield Increase agricultural production by 40% in underutilized land

Adoption of new farm technology and inputs (organic farming)

Madrasah sa Basak Trainings, seminar, symposium & etc.

Ensured sustainable growth and development of agriculture and fisheries

Increase local fish catch by 20%

Strengthen research on fish rehabilitation

Promote entrepreneurship and generate employment opportunity for a greater number of population in the province

Provision of irrigation system by 2015

Fingerlings Dispersal Program Mangrove tree planting along lake shore

Increase production of inland fisheries by 30%

Increase employment rate 80% by end of 2015

Construction of irrigation system/facilities

Conduct of Job Fairs Provision of livelihood program

reduce poverty incidence to 40% by end of 2015 Increase family income t0 P10,000.00 for a

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Jobs fair activities Trainings on Livelihood Program


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 GOALS

OBJECTIVES

STRATEGIES

family of 5 put up businesses in the communities Develop local industries by end of 2013 Establishment of lanao Province Economic Zone by 2010 Regulated use of Regulate sand and gravel operation on sand resources gravel by 2015 Improved Increase revenue collection of local collection by 10% revenues in 2010

PPA’s Training on networking and marketing

Upgrading of quality of products per ISO standards

Training on ISO product standards

Push for the establishment of Lanao Provincial Economic Zone

Formulate Lanao Provincial Economic Zone Master Plan

Formulation of local ordinances on the use of sand and gravel resources Strict compliance of the revenue laws and regulations

IEC and enforcement of the ordinance Tax mapping Capability building on real property taxation

Impose penalties and sanctions to delinquent taxpayers

Improved delivery and access to basic services

Increase access to potable water to 60%

Directive from the Province to the municipal level to formulate revenue code

Formulation of city/municipal revenue code

Implement provision of better basic services in each communities in the province

Construction of facilities such as toilet, potable water system, hospitals , schools and other social facilities

Increase access diffuse the concentration of to 40% of facilities and services sanitary toilets to municipalities Improved delivery and access to education

Increase literacy rate to 70% by end of 2015 Increase

Hiring of additional competent teachers

OSY program

Provide additional school buildings/

Construction and Improvement of School

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 GOALS

OBJECTIVES

services and facilities

cohort survival rate to70% Increase participation rate to 80% Reduce drop-out rate to 50% Improve access to education facilities and equipments Improve teachers competency

Improved delivery and access to health services and facilities

Conformance to road standard & traffic rules and regulations

Reduce mortality rate to 50% by end of 2013 Reduce underweight children to 70% by the end of 2013 Reduce morbidity rate to 80% by end of 2013. Increase access to health facilities by 70% Increase awareness on road standard & traffic rules and regulation

STRATEGIES classrooms and equipments Implement teacherstudent requirement ratio per standard Provision of additional administrative personnel and support facilities

PPA’s buildings/ classrooms Purchase of education related equipments Hiring of additional administrative personnel Purchase of administrative support facilities

Conduct continuing education for teachers

Grant/Aids for teachers further education

Provide short term specialized courses

Conduct short term specialized courses

Strengthen delivery of basic health services

Construction of Municipal rural health units and BHS in barangays

Provision of primary health care Fasttrack full operationalization of the District Hospital

Implementation of Garantisadong Pambata Establishment of Botika sa Barangay Maternal Care Health Program

Conduct awareness program on road standards, traffic rules and regulations Impose penalties to traffic violators and to those who do not conform road standard Conduct rehabilitation

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Production of IEC materials (brochure, billboard) Installation of traffic lights and signs Traffic enforcement


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 GOALS

OBJECTIVES

Improve the access to infrastructure support, facilities and utilities

Increase and improve farm to market roads in the city/municipal/ barangay

STRATEGIES and concreting of all roads provide and ensure annual allocation of funds

Completion of lake lanao circumferential road and boulevard by 2020

Construction,repair of FMR's in every municipalities Completion of Lake Lanao Circumferential Road and Wao-Bumbaran Maguing Rehabilitation Opening of national/regional roads Butig-buldon-barira road Kapai-Tagoloan Wato-Pantaoragat

Completion of the concreting of WAO- Bumbaran Maguing roads

Completion of national roads Ganassi-Tubod Madalum – Munai Tubod Strategic roads BalindongPanrawaragat LumbatanMarogongMalabang Marantao-PiagapoSaguiran Marawi-KabasaranSugod Msu-PiagapoSaguiran

Rehabilitation national roads from Lanao to Cotabato and Lanao Sur to Lanao Norte by 2020 Rehabilitate and concreting of provincial roads by 2015

improve and upgrade communication facilities

PPA’s

Facilitate establishment of additional communication facilties

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Information, Communication Technology Conduct of computer literacy/trouble shooting/programm ing classess Local area network Internet Connection Provincial updating of Website


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 GOALS

OBJECTIVES

STRATEGIES

PPA’s Installation additional advance cellsite/towers Promote the use two way handheld (VHF) radio Expansion of cable TV and radio (FM and AM) coverage

Establishment of zoning and land use policy Assessment of idle land ownership

Diffuse the power shift from the rich to the poor by improving governance

Legislate zoning and land use policies Identify idle land ownership

Increase Power shifting from rich to the poor by 30%

Direct all LGUs to formulate their zoning ordinance and comprehensive land use plan

Formulation of CLUP and zoning ordinance

Conduct survey and assessment of land

Conduct of assessment survey and Demo farm

Strengthen electoral reform program

Electoral reform program

Regulate election fraud by sanctioning erring persons Organize citizen watch during election Conduct Voters education during election

Improve governance

increase good and accountable, transparent governance by 50%

Promote and encourage people’s participation in governance provide access to information to governments activities and budget avoid corruption

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Voters education awareness campaign


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER VI OVERALL PHYSICAL FRAMEWORK 6.1 Proposed Land Use 6.1.1 Settlements Land Use The role of settlement land use in the provincial development is to effect a rational distribution of population to ensure easy access by all, to economic opportunities, social services and to foster an environment that is conducive to happier living and effective doing business in the province. Islamic City of Marawi will remain as the Center of economic and social activities and envisioned to become a metropolitan area of the province. Emerging municipalities such as Tugaya, Balabagan, Malabang, Wao and Tamparan would be developed to become primary growth centers. Secondary and tertiary facilities and services will be established in these primary growth centers. Other municipalities are perceived to grow and support the primary growth centers. Issues/problems: Policies: Plan Component Settlement Issues

Issues/ Problems

Policies

1. Conversion of Agricultural land to urban use 2. Migration (permanent residency of evacuees)

1. Regulate land conversion

3. Multiple Land Ownership

3a. Encourage/Advocate Patent application for Land Title

4. Improper Construction of buildings and houses (concentrated along highways, rivers) 5. Military Reservation

Figure No.36 Land Settlement Areas

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2a. Inventory of migrants 2b. Relocation Plan

3b. Conduct Awareness on Land Titling 4. Formulation/Legislation/Impleme ntation of the CLUP 5. Release to the claimants through legislation


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

6.1.2 Production Land Use The role of production land use in the provincial development is to provide adequate and accessible space for food production, forest and mineral resources extraction, industry and tourism with the end view of meeting the material and other requirements of the population. In the province, priority shall be accorded to the provision of space for agricultural and fishery production as well as tourism and industrial uses. Policies:

Plan Component

Issues/ Problems 1. No soil test analysis so that appropriate crops to be planted will be identified.

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Policies 1a. Provincial government should create a laboratory for soil testing 1b. Strengthen the capability of the OPAG


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 2. No proper land use zoning (ex. Commercial, industrial, etc.) 3. Insufficient resources and support from line agencies concerned on production (DA, DENR, Fisheries, Production Land Use etc.) 4. Absence of investors and enterpreneurs risk takers

5. Absence of security of tenure in the land 6. Poor economic development of the province 7. Non identification and declaration of economic and industrial site

2. Formulate zoning ordinance/CLUP 3. Increase funding and other resources in support of production 4a. Formulate investment, enterpreneurship and incentive code 4b. Formulate investment priority plan 4c. Activation of the SMEDC 5. Co-management agreement between provincial government and FLUP 6. Create Economic Development Council composing the line agencies and LGUs 7. EO or Resolution for the Declaration of industrial and economic zone

Production land use map 6.1.3 Protection Land Use The role of protection land use in Lanao del Sur provincial development is the achievement of environmental stability and ecological integrity as well as the protection of people and economic infrastructure from the ill-effects of natural hazards. To realize these, the province must exert all possible efforts to strike a balance between resource use and the preservation of some areas with ecological environmental, aesthetic, educational, cultural and historical significance. Protection Land Use

1. Conversion of Land from protected forest to agriculture

1a. Implementation of the CLUP

2. Timber poaching

2. Strengthening DENR & LGU Partnership (JMC 2001-01)

3. Non awareness on

3a. Environment Campaign Program

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1b. Non-encroachment of the protected forest land policy


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 environmental preservation, management & protection

3b. Enforce RA 9003

Protection land use map 6.1.4 Infrastructure Land Use The role of infrastructure in the Lanao del Sur provincial development is to provide the physical requirement of the built-up environment that would facilitate production, consumption and service activities to take place. Infrastructure is the physical link of the production, protection and settlements components of PDPFP. 1. Overlapping of project identification and implementation due to noncoordination of agencies involved Infrastructure Land Use

2. Non equitable allocation of project

3. Poor implementation of infrastructure projects 4. Inadequate infra school facilities on elementary and secondary

Infrastructure land use map 6.2 Physical Framework

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1a. Creation of coordinating task force with representation from line agencies under the provincial development council (PDC) to syncronize and harmonize all projects in the municipalities 1b. Strengthening and reactivation of PDC 2a. Formulate a set of criteria in the allocation of project 2b. Strengthen coordination between donor/ implementing agencies and the provincial government 3. Strengthen the PICTM & E Unit/Team 4. Strengthen, reactivate and make the school board functional in the province


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The physical framework of Lanao del Sur follows a multi-nodal/polar spatial strategy. The local government units were clustered according to proximity and potential field of specialization. Given the direction of growth and development of the province with respect to the physical, economic and population movement, the physical framework will guide development endeavors over the planning period and is anchored on three (3) major approaches, namely: 1. Growth Clustering The different municipalities within the province are clustered together based on resource, potential opportunities development, and their proximity to each other. The cluster grouping is intended to help each municipality manage their economic activities based on their capabilities and physical resources. While the province is divided into these cluster groups, each cluster will play a major role towards the development of the whole province. The clusters are independent from each other yet interdependent and interconnected in working for a holistic and comprehensive development for the entire province. 2. Specialization and Diversification The growth clusters are expected to hone their potentials for growth, as presented in preceding portions of this document, and to develop their natural and inherent endowments towards sustainable economic development. Each growth cluster shall have its own and distinct spatial form that would contribute to the overall spatial development form of the province of Lanao del Sur. 3. Linear Corridor Development The development of the province will be concentrated on the major growth corridor with Marawi city as its point of reference going to the coastal area and the same time directed to Cotabato City. Another is Marawi City to the Center of industrialization in the province of Lanao del Norte, which is Iligan City. Still another is the growth corridor of WaoBumbaran going to Bukidnon, Davao, and Cagayan de oro City. This spatial pattern is identified in the RPFP as the province spatial development in terms to regional perspective. This will link the Lanao del Sur with the province of Maguindanao particularly with the municipalities of Parang and Matanog which is part of the Parang-Matanog-MalabangBalabagan-Picong linear corridor development strategy of ARMM. 6.2.1 The Growth Clusters

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Growth Cluster A would become the Center of Commerce and Trade, and Education of Lanao del Sur. Marawi City is the nucleus of growth and serves as the metropolitan center of the province. The following peripheral municipalities will compose the growth cluster A with the Islamic City of Marawi: Marantao Ditsaan-Ramain Saguiaran Piagapo Mulondo Buadipuso-Buntong Balindong Growth cluster B is projected as the Agri-Industrial Center of the province. These cluster areas will serve as the Lanao Economic Zone with the presence of existing industries focused on agri-fishery products. It is envisioned that fish processing plants, coconut mills, flour mills, abaca processing, cottage industries like brasswares, soap making, handy loams and other Maranao native products will be established in this growth cluster. Municipality Malabang Balabagan

Tugaya

Role/Function

Potential Industry

Primary growth center Primary growth center

Flour and coconut mills, fish processing, sand quarrying Abaca processing, Maranao delicacies, coconut mill, cacao plantation, sand quarrying, fruit trees, tourist spot Handloam products, brassmaking, Maranao artifacts production, handicraft making, gravel quarrying Abaca processing, coconut mill, fish processing, corn and rice production Coconut mill, fish processing

Primary growth center/cultural heritage area

Kapatagan

Support to primary growth center

Picong

Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center

Calanogas Madamba Pualas Ganassi

( 204 )

Coconut, cacao, abaca and banana Plantation Coconut,rice and corn production, tourist spot Timber products, inland fish, corn and rice production Spices,fish,corn and rice production


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Madalum Marogong Lumbaca-Unayan

Binidayan

Tubaran

Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center

Fish, corn and rice production Coconut, corn, rice and abaca production Rice and corn, high value crops (vegetables) production Support to primary Coffee plantation, abaca, growth center corn and rice production, high value crops (fruit trees) Support to primary Rice, corn and coconut growth center production

Sultan Domalondong Lumbayanague

Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center

Lumbatan

Support to primary growth center Support to primary growth center

Bayang

Butig

Support to primary growth center

Pagayawan

Support to primary growth center

Rice, corn, high value crops (vegetables) production Rice and corn production, inland fishing, high value crops(fruit trees) Rice and corn production, bamboo products Coffee plantation inland fishing tourist spot abaca, rice and corn production Rice and corn production, high value crops (vegetables), tourist spot, timber products Upland rice, corn and spices production, timber products

Growth cluster C is envisioned to be the rice granary of Lanao del Sur. The municipalities composing this growth cluster are considered low-lying areas of the province which has fertile vast track of lands suitable for rice production. The following municipalities compose cluster C: Masiu Butig Lumba-Bayabao Poona-Bayabao Tamparan Taraka Maguing

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Growth cluster D is projected to be the commercial crops production area in the province specializing in high commercial crops and high value crops such as fruit trees, vegetables, sugar cane, pineapple and rubber. Municipality Wao

Bumbaran

Tagoloan

Kapai

Role/function

Potential growth

Primary growth center

Pineapple, sugar cane, rubber, banana, vegetable and fruit trees (durian, marang, jackfruit) plantation, ornamental flowers, rice and corn production Manufacturing Support to primary Banana, palm oil, sugar growth center cane, upland rice and corn production Support to primary Palm oil, high value growth center vegetables production, timber products, mineral resources Support to primary Palm oil, high value growth center vegetables production, timber products, mineral resources

6.2.2 Spatial Growth Strategy Multi-nodal/polar Strategy is adopted in the province that describe the spatial pattern in directing the course of development which are clustered in four areas of specialization such as 1) Center of Commerce,Industry and Education, 2) Agri-Industrial Center, 3) Rice Granary and 4) Commercial crops production. Multi-nodal/polar in the sense that strategic place of development is focused on the four (4) cluster areas. The concentration of activities at the nucleus city is envisioned to spill over to adjacent towns and municipalities. Major development programs/projects that highly support the specialized field of growth of each cluster areas needs to be undertaken to achieve the envisioned spatial direction of the province.

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Transportation (Major roads) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Marawi-kapai-taggoloan roads Mulondo-Bumbaran-Wao Lumbatan-Malabang-Cotabato City Ganassi-Tubod Road Completion of the Circumferential roads Marawi-Malabang-Cotabato Expansion Road projects

Major projects: Industrial Center Airport – Malabang Seaport in Picong Hydro-electric power plant (Lake Dapao) Halal Food industry laboratory building and facilities Eco-tourism (Cluster A and B) Lake Lanao Resort Development project Six National Parks Development Program Lake Lanao Protection Program Integrated Environmental Resource Mgt Program Lake Lanao Integrated Development Cluster B, C and D Improvement of irrigation facilities Construction of communal and national irrigation facilities Agriculture Research and Development Program Lumba-Bayabao Mini-hydro plant Pre and post harvest facilities - Farm implements and equipments - Solar dryer - Ware houses - Processing Small and medium enterprises development Mineral explorations in the municipalities of Kapai, Tagoloan and Butig Cluster A Youths and Sports Development Programs (sport centers and sport activities) Improvement of Electric Power Supply Establishment of commercial banks & lending institutions, hotel and restaurants Provision of additional education facilities

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Expansions of ATM machines of existing banks Good governance Improvement of health services and facilities (Balindong District Hospital, others) Madaris education system Others: Construction/improvement of ports in 21 municipalities Solid Waste Management Sanitary landfill Improvement of water and sanitation facilities Farm to market roads (DAR, DAF and DPWH) Telecommunication facilities Information, Communication Technology (ICT) program (Internet connection and establishment of provincial web site) Integrated Laboratory building and faculties for Halal Food Industry Railway projects (Phase I passing Zambo-Pagadian-IliganMarawi-Cotabato to General Santos)

Overall physical framework map

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Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER VII LOCAL DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENT PLAN The listed development programs and projects are en visioned to be implemented by various government agencies including donor institutions. The proposed programs and projects will be implemented from 2009 -2014. Table 115: Programs and Project for GOP Funding Program/Projects

1.

2.

Roads and Bridges Construction of 8.0 km Lumbatan Marugong-Malabang Road

Lanao Sur Road Concreting Project a) Concreting of KapaiTagoloan section

b) Concreting of Butig SandagBayabao Road

c) Concreting of Buadi-LumbacMacadar Road

Brief Description

Location

Implementation Year

Total Cost (Php M)

DPWH/LGUs

2010

24.00

2011

24.00

2010

16.00

2011

14.00

2010

10.00

2011

11.00

2010

5.00

Construction and widening of road which involve the PCCP of 2.0 km improvemnet for Phase I & 2 respectively; (2) lateral and cross drainage system

Lanao Sur

Concreting of provincial road @ Kapai-Tagaluan section (4 km for phase I and 3km in phase2)

KapaiTagoloan, Lanao del Sur

LGUs

Concreting of provincial road @ Butig SandagBayabao Pob. Tiowi & Dilabayan section

Lanao Sur

LGUs

Concreting of provincial road @ Buadi-Lumbac-

Lanao Sur

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del

Proponent

del

del

LGUs

Identified Funding Source National Government/ ODA

National Government/ ODA National Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID National Government/


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 macadar, section d) Concreting of Bubong-Talao Road

Lumbac-

e) Concreting of Butig Road

3.

4.

Concreting of Damag Road

Brgy.

Buadi

Marawi City Integrated Road Project b) Road Replacement and Drainage Project

c) Road Opening Project

d) Road Widening Project

Lumbatan

Concreting of provincial road @ Lumbac-BubongTalao Campong national highway, Tugaya section

Lanao Sur

del

LGUs

Concreting of Unpaved Provincial Road @ Butig (3.0 km)

Butig, Lanao del Sur

LGUs

Road Concreting @ LANCF-OISCO, Brgy. Buadi Damag (150 Meters Bothsides)

Marawi City

LGUs

Road Replacement and Drainage improvement @ Wawalayan Marinaut to Wawalayan Caloocan (3.00 x 6.0 with Box Culvert Both side)

Marawi City

Road Opening and Concreting of Gadongan Libyan to Angoyao National Highschool (1200 x 6 meters)

Marawi City

Road Widening (One side Only, 95 x 0.5 meters)

Marawi City

ODA/ GEM USAID

2011

5.00

2010

5.00

2011

5.00

National Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

2010

10.00

Nat'l Government

2011 2010

10.00 2.00 CDF/ARMM/ LGU

( 210 )

LGUs

LGUs

2010

3.20

2011

3.00

2010

4.00

2011

4.00

2010

2.30

National/CD F/ ARMM/LGU

National/CD F/ ARMM/LGU

LGUs National/AR MM/ CDF/LGU


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 It includes drainage (Box Culvert) One side only (150 x 2.0 Meters) @ the portion of Perez St. from Ibango St. to Unayan St. (Near Towaka Bata)

5.

Lanao Sur Bridge Project a) Construction of Concrete Bridge

Road Widening and Drainage Both Sides (620 x 2 meters Both sides) @ Icom to Cuenco St., Barangay Moncado Kadingilan

Marawi City

Road Widening and Drainage improvement @: a) fronting PNB from Amal Manabilang St. to Pacasum St (180 x 1.5 meters @ Php1.90 M) b) Perez St. Infront of PNP Headquarter Brgy. Naga (160 x2.5 meters @ Php1.45 M)

Marawi City

Construction of Bridges /Box culverts @: a) Tinaan, Ganassi Bridge (15mtrs) b) Paigay, Pagayawan Bridge (15mtrs)

Lanao Sur

LGUs

LGUs

2010

4.00

2011

6.00

2011

3.35

CDF/ARMM/ LGU

NATIONAL/ CDF/ ARMM/LGU

( 211 )

del

LGUs

2010

2.50

2011

2.50

National Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Construction of Bridges/Box culverts @: a) Kianibong Bridge, Tagoloan (10mtrs.) b) Kadingilan, Tubaran Bridge (10mtrs.) c) Rumayas Bridge, Lumba Bayabao (10mtrs.)

d) Mimbaian Bridge, Tagoloan (10mtrs.) e) Dilanguyen Bridge, Lumbayanague f) Buo Bridge, Kapai (10mtrs.) Construction of Bridges/Box culvert @: a) Bodas, Balabagan Lumber Bridge b) Guigiken Box Culverts, Bubong (3mtrs.) b) Slab Replacement

c) Construction of Ilian Bridge

d) Lumasa Box Culverts

Slab Replacement Osmena St.

@

Lanao Sur

Lanao Sur

del

del

Marawi City

Construction Bridges/Box culverts meters)

of (10

Piagapo, Lanao Sur

del

Construction Bridges/Box culverts meters)

of (10

Piagapo, Lanao Sur

del

( 212 )

LGUs

LGU/ARMM/ Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID 2010

6.00

2011

6.00

LGUs

LGUs

2010

2.00

2010

3.00

2011

3.50

2011

2.00

2011

2.00

LGUs

LGUs

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

National/CD F/ ARMM/LGU Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 f) Matampay Box Culverts

Construction Bridges/Box culverts meters)

of (10

Bubong, Lanao Sur

LGUs del

2011

1.50

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

Farm-to-Market-Road (FMR) 6.

Lanao Sur Farm-to-Market Road Project a) Construction and rehabilitation of Buadi Diamangga-Dilabay an Road

b) Construction and rehabilitation of Buadi AroraoBocalan Road

c) Construction and rehabilitation of Dilabayan-Rink Road

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ Buadi Diamangga-Dilabayan Taraka section(1.0 km)

Lanao Sur

del

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ Buadi Arorao-Bocalan Taraka section(1.5 km) Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ Dilabayan-Rink, Taraka section(2.0 km)

Lanao Sur

del

Lanao Sur

del

LGUs 2010

( 213 )

2.00

LGUs 2011

3.00

2010

4.00

2011

5.00

LGUs

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 d) Various Farm to Market Road (100 meters per project)

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ the ff: (a) Bansayan-Palao, Bubong section; (b) Basingan-Rogero, Bubong section; (c) TarakaMaguing section; (d) Bacolod-Romayas, Lumba Bayabao; (e) Salaman-Mapantao, Lumba Bayabao; (f) Saguiran-Piagapo, Piyagapo section

Lanao Sur

del

LGUs

e) Construction Rehabilitation of Pagayawan Farm to Road

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road (250 meters per project) @ the FF: a) Para-aba-Lininding, Pagayawan b) Nanagun-Butig, Butig section Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @: a) Madamba-Uyaan, Madamba (500m @ Php 2.00 M) b) Brgy. Cabuntongan, Lumbayanague section(700m @ Php2.50 M)

Lanao Sur

del

LGUs

and ButigMarket

f) Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road

2010

2010

Lanao Sur

del

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

3.00

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

4.50

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

LGUs

2010

( 214 )

3.00


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 g) Construction and Rehabilitation of Pindolonan Farm to Market Road

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ Brgy. Pindolonan, Molondo section(1.40km)

Lanao Sur

h) Construction and Rehabilitation of LumbacaUnayan Farm to Market Road

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ Brgy. Calalon and Bangon, Lumbaca-Unayan section(2.0km) Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ Brgy. Dilausan, Poblacion, Maguing

Lanao Sur

i) Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road

7.

LGUs 3.00

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

2.00

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

2010

5.00

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

2010

5.00

2011

5.00

2010

2.30

2010

del

LGUs 2010

Lanao Sur

del

LGUs

Flood Control and Drainage System Drainage System Project a.) Construction of Drainage System

b) Drainage Project

8.

del

Construction/improvement of 1.42 km drainages System along Osmena St., Raya Madaya and Sultan Alauya St.

Marawi City

Drainage (Box Culvert) Both sides (150 x 2.0 Meters) @ the portion of Osmena St. from Rizal St. to Sultan alauya St. formerly Pugaan Road

Marawi City

LGUs

LGUs

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

NATIONAL/ CDF/ ARMM/LGU

Flood Control Project

( 215 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 a) Construction of River and Flood Control, Lake Wall

b) Construction of three (3) River and Flood Control, Lake Wall project (Php5 M per project)

Construction of River and Flood Control, Lake Wall @: a) Baguaingud, Ditsaan Ramain (River Control) b) Bgy. Poblacion, Bacolod-Kalawi

Lanao Sur

c) Buadi Atopa-Moriatao, Taraka (River Control) Construction of River and Flood Control, Lake Wall @ the FF: a) Pindugan, Bubong (River Control); b) Panalawan, Bubong c) Masiu

Lanao Sur

del

del

LGUs

LGUs

2010

10.00

2011

5.00

2010

5.00

2011

10.00

TOTAL (Php) 2010

278.65 147.80

2011

130.85

TOTAL

278.65

Impleme ntation Year

TOTAL COST (Php M)

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

Nat'l Government/ ODA/ GEM USAID

Table116: Programsn and Projects for ODA Funding Programs/Projects

Brief Description

Roads and Bridges

( 216 )

Location

Proponent

Identified Funding Source


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 9.

10 .

Construction of 12 km Ganassi-Tubod road (Phase I & II)

Concreting of 10 km Molundo-BumbaranWao Road (Phase I & II)

11 .

Concreting of Marawi City Diversion Road Phase II & III

12 .

Lanao Sur Road Concreting Project a) Concreting Road (10 km)

b) Concreting Road (10 km)

of

of

Unpaved

Unpaved

Provincial

Provincial

The project components include -1)PCCP of 3.0 km improvement for Phase I and 2; (2) Laterral/croswise drainage and culvert improvement; (3) slope protection (rubble riprap)

Lanao Sur

The project components include -1)PCCP of 3.0 KM roadways improvement for Phase I and 2.0 km on Phase 2; (2) Laterral and croswise drainage and culvert improvement; (3) slope protection riprap

Lanao Sur

Lanao Sur

Concreting of provincial road @BumbaranMasilano-Talakag section (5 km for phase 1 & 2)

Concreting of provincial road @ Piagapo-Marawi section (5 km for phase 1 & 2)

( 217 )

Lanao Sur

Lanao Sur

del

del

del

del

del

DPWH/LGUs

DPWH/LGUs

DPWH/LGUs

2010

35.00

2011

35.00

2010

35.00

2011

24.00

2010

24.00

2011

12.00

2010

25.00

2011

25.00

2010

25.00

2011

25.00

DPWH/LGUs

DPWH/LGUs

ODA National

/

ODA National

/

ODA/ GEM USAID

ODA/ GEM USAID

ODA/ GEM USAID


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 c) Concreting Road (10 km)

d) Concreting Road (9 km)

e) Concreting Road (4.30km)

of

of

of

Unpaved

Unpaved

Unpaved

Provincial

Provincial

Provincial

Concreting of provincial road @ Madalum-MunaiKauuswagan section (5 km for phase 1 & 2)

Lanao Sur

Concreting of provincial road @ Balabagan, Barorao Pob. section (5 km for phase 1 & 2)

Lanao Sur

Concreting of provincial road @ Marogong proper to national highway section

Lanao Sur

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road (1.50 km) @ Brgy. BarowaBacolod-Kalawi Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road (17.0 km) Construction and Rehabilitation of FMR @ Saguiaran

Lanao Sur

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road (2.50 km) @ Bgy. Panao, Dimagaling and Malna, Kapai Construction and

del

del

del

DPWH/LGUs

DPWH/LGUs

DPWH/LGUs

2010

25.00

2011

25.00

2010

25.00

2011

25.00

2010

24.00

2011

24.50

ODA/ GEM USAID

ODA/ GEM USAID

ODA/ GEM USAID

Farm-To-Market Roads 13 .

Lanao Sur Farm-to-Market Road Project Construction/ Rehab. of market road

various farm to

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road (2.50 km)

Construction and Rehabilitation of Farm

( 218 )

del

Lanao Sur

del

Lanao Sur

del

Lanao Sur

del

Lanao

del

LGUs

LGUs

ODA/ National 2010

2.70

2010

32.00

2011

36.00

LGUs

LGUs

LGUs

2010

5.00

2010

5.00

2011

5.00

2010

10.00

ODA/ National ODA / GEM USAID ODA/ GEM USAID

ODA/


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 to Market Road

Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road

Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road Brgy. Pantaon, Piksan, Inudaran, Punod and Inoma, Calanogas

Sur

National

Rehabilitation of Farm to Market Road @ Brgy. Somogot, Francfort, Lambanogan, Pagonayan, Bumbaran

Lanao Sur

Construction of: (1) Diversion Canal/ Line canals, (2) Dam Structure 3) Area Development Projects such as Farm inputs; Access roads; Construction of: (1) Diversion Canal/ Line canals, (2) Dam Structure 3) Area Development Projects such as Farm inputs; Access roads; and livelihood training programs

DitsaanRamain, Lanao del Sur

NIA/LGU

Bubong, BuadipusoBuntong, Maguing, Mulondo, Taraka, Tamparan, Lumba Bayabao and Poona Bayabao (Lanao del Sur)

NIA/LGU

Masiu, Lanao Sur

NIA/LGU

del

LGUs

2011

5.00

2010

5.00

2011

4.00

2010

7.00

ODA/ National

Irrigation Development 14 .

15 .

16 .

Construction of Ditsaan Ramain Irrigation System

Construction of Irrigation System along Basak Area (Provincial Project)

Construction of Masiu Irrigation System

Construction of: (1) Diversion Canal/ Line canals, (2) Dam

( 219 )

del

2011

8.00

2010

15.00

2011

25.00

2010

6.00

ODA/ National/ NIA/LGUs

ODA/ National/ NIA/LGUs

ODA/ National/ NIA/LGUs


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Structure 3) Area Development Projects such as Farm inputs; Access roads;

2011

TOTAL OF UNFUNDED FOREIGN ASSISTED PROJECT (Php)

6.50

590.70

Table 117: Summary Information on Unfunded Programs and Projects, by year

# of Program/Project

Year

2009

Estimated Program/Project Cost (Php) GOP

ARG

-

-

LGU -

TOTAL

FAPs -

-

2010

16

147.80

305.70

453.50

2011

Continuing

130.85

285.00

415.85

278.65

590.70

869.35

TOTAL

( 220 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

( 221 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

CHAPTER VIII PLAN IMPLEMENTATION 7.1 Review, Approval and Adoption Process The PDPFP shall first be presented to the Executive Level of the Provincial Land Use Committee for comments and for improvement. Said document shall then be subjected to consultations with the different provincial line agencies, LGUs, private sector groups and other stakeholders for further comments and enhancement. The final draft of the document shall be presented to the Provinical Development Council of the province for approval and endorsement to the Sanggunian Panlalawigan for adoption and enactment of appropriate laws or SP resolution in the implementation of the plan. The plan shall be presented to Regional Economic Development Planning Board (REDPB) of ARMM for integration in the Regional Physical Framework plan and for information and appropriate action. Part of the intention of the province is to incorporate development program/projects of the province into the ARMM Regional Executive and Legislative Agenda (ARELA) and to the national development thrust and priorities. The PDPFP will serve as a guide of the LGUs composing the province in their formulation of CLUP and CDP. 7.2 Plan Phasing and Integration The PDPFP 2009-2014 shall cover a total of six years and this shall be implemented into two (2) phases: 2-year, 3-year and the subsequent years shall for the final updating of the plan in addition to yearly implementation activities. Implementation of Phase I shall give priority to programs and projects supportive of the seven-point executive agenda of the provincial governor as listed below: Enhanced social development with direct poverty reduction Improved physical planning and sustained resource management and development Good governance Improved economic growth and job generation Improved physical planning and sustained resource management and development Improved and sustained infrastructure facilities and utilities Strengthened and sustained peace and security in the province

( 222 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Implementtion of the Phase II shall be determined on the accompishement and the next agenda of the provincial governor which this PDPFP shall form part of the basis in coming with his development agenda. Integration With the proposed framework for integrating all planning processes and plan documents, the agency/sectoral plans and LDIP are envisioned to have a more solid basis. Since the cities and municipalities have land use regulatory powers, the C/MCLUP shall be translated into ZO and other regulatory measures to affect the desired land use patterns. The RPFP and PDPFP shall be the reference for the review and refinement of municipal/city development plans in the province. Consistent with the organizational structure on land use, at the provincial level, the Provincial Land Use Committees (PLUCs) of this province have already been organized.

The PPDC serve as the Chairman of the PLUC with the representatives of the following agencies as members: DENR, DAR, DTI, DPWH, DILG, HLURB, DA, DOT. The Committee shall perform their mandated functions as contained in EO 72. Its main function is to review and approve the CLUPs of its respective component cities and municipalities. Financing the Plan The identification of development programs and projects in the PDPFP are consistent with the mandates of the concerned national and regional agencies of the government. The identified programs and projects would find its way in the national, regional, provincial and agency regular budgets and shall be included in the yearly budget. Fund sourcing from Official Development Assistance (ODA) shall likewise be tapped, specifically for projects needing huge budgetary requirements and have potential of generating revenues which could possibly finance other government projects. 7.3 Monitoring and Evaluation There would be two type of monitoring systems that would be adopted for PDPFP implementation: Program/project implementation monitoring and monitoring of environmental (land use) changes. a. The RPMES

( 223 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 The PDPFP shall adopt the Regional Project Monitoring and Evaluation System (RPMES) as a tool in monitoring programs and projects that shall be implemented within the plan period. This calls for the extensive and active participation of various government agencies, LGUs and NGOs. Scope and Coverage. Monitoring and evaluation under the RPMES covers all development projects undertaken by government agencies, SUCs and LGUs at the provincial/city and municipal levels during the fiscal year, inclusive of backlogs from previous fiscal years. Indicators for Monitoring. Indicators for use in the monitoring include: kilometerage of roads/bridges built, kilos of crops harvested, number of social service buildings built, etc. The financial aspects of implementing the projects formed part of the monitoring process. Through the RPMES the generation of information on the overall status of project implementation at all levels and the identification of bottlenecks that impede implementation will be facilitated as remedial actions can be readily undertaken. Organization of Project Monitoring Committee. The coordination of monitoring activities in the province will be the responsibility of the Provincial Project Monitoring Committee (PPMC) with PPDO, DILG and private sector representatives as members. At the local level, coordination will be undertaken by the Municipal/City Monitoring Committee. A PMC at the provincial level, as well as, at the city/municipal levels, needs to be organized and made functional. Focus of assistance should be geared towards strengthening the capacities and capabilities of the members of PMCs. In case of the province, the existing structure of Provincial Inter-Agency Coaching Team (PICT) may perform the progress monitoring functions in the absence of the PMC. Progress monitoring and evaluation of programs and projects identified in the PDPFP should be done periodically by the PMC while change in spatial configuration shall be done by the PLUC-TWG. Plan performance assessment (impact) shall be done by appropriate agency, academe or any donor institution of similar engagement with LGSPA.

( 224 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014

ANNEXES EXECUTIVE ORDER NO 01, Series of 2009 AN ORDER RECONSTITUTING THE PROVINCIAL LAND USE COMMITTEE (PLUC) FOR THE PROVINCE OF LANAO DEL SUR WHEREAS, pursuant to Republic Act No. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991 provides that every LGU shall in conformity with existing laws continue to prepare their respective Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) enacted through zoning ordinances which shall primary and dominant bases for the future use of land resources; WHEREAS, the Joint Memorandum Circular No. 1, Series of 2007-Guidelines on the Harmonization of Local Planning, Investment Programming, Revenue Administration, Budgeting and Expenditure Management provides the formulation of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP) that merges the traditionally separate Provincial Physical Framework Plan and the Provincial Development Plan to address the disconnect between spatial and sectoral factors and between medium and long term concerns; WHEREAS; the CLUP will serve as a guide in the direction of the physical development as well as present the over-all preferred spatial development strategy of the LGU; WHEREAS; Executive Order No. 72 dated March 25, 1993 – Providing for the Preparation and Implementation of the Comprehensive Land Use Plans which further provides to established in every LGU a Provincial Land Use Committee (PLUC) to assist the Sangguniang Panlalawigan in reviewing the comprehensive land use plans of component cities and municipalities to be chaired by the Provincial Planning and Development Coordinator and representative from DA, HLRB, DENR, DAR, DILG, DTI, DPWH, DOT and NGOs as member; WHEREAS; the PDPFP process requires the PLUC and its Technical Working Group (TWG) to back up the PDC in the various preparatory, consultative and technical activities in order to come up with good quality and updated PDPFP of the province NOW THEREFORE, I MAMINTAL ALONTO ADIONG, JR. Governor of the province of Lanao del Sur by virtue of the powers, vested in me by law, do hereby order to reconstitute the Provincial Land Use Committee and its Technical Working Group, to wit Section1. COMPOSITION AND MEMBERS: PROVINCIAL LAND USE COMMITTEE: Chairman Member

- Dr. Cairoding P. Riga - Asec. Alexie A. Balindong - Engr. Mohammadali Macaraya

( 225 )

- PPDC - DAF-ARMM - OPAg


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 - PD Malik Pangandamun - DENR-ARMM - PD Cabili Arobinto - DTI-ARMM - Engr. Mesug P. Unda - DAR-ARMM - Engr. Napoleon Mapandi - PEO-LDS - Col. Tatar Boriongan - PENRO-LGU - Engr. Titingalangit Sumagayan - DPWH-ARMM - Al-Haroun Rashid A. Lucman, III - PD-DILG-ARMM - Prof. Nabihah Noni Lao - NGO (MCLG) - Dr. Minombao R. Mayo - NGO/MSU - Representative - HLRB - Representative - DOT PLUC-TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP (TWG) - Prof. Nabihah Noni Lao - Dr. Minombao Mayo-Ramos - Engr. Subaida G. Mala - Forester. Alinor Gamon - Engr. Emelian Lawansa - Maulana Sumpingan - Intan Sambitory - Engr. Luzminda F. Sani - Engr. Ali Mangotara - Racma I. Rogong - Renato C. dela Calzada - Monazaman O. Atil - Aminoden Elias - Forester Nourodin Muti - Engr. Dimasira Macabando, Jr.

- NGO (MCLG) - NGO / MSU - PPDO - DENR-ARMM - DENR-ARMM - DTI - DAR_ARMM - DPWH - DILG - PPDO - PPDO - PPDO - OPAg - PENRO-LGU - PEO

Section 2.DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS (PLUC-TWG) A. Assist the PDC/PLUC in the formulation and updating of the Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan (PDPFP); B. Assist in the conduct of data gathering, situational analysis and trends for PDPFP Assessment; C. Assist in the formulation and evaluation of Vision, Mission, Goal, and alternative development and spatial strategy and finally the PDPFP components preparation; D. Assist the PDC in public hearing and other consultation session with stakeholders and other affected sectors and organizations E. Assist in shepherding the PDPFP for adoption by the Local Development Council and the Sangguniangg Panlalawigan.; F. Attend other prerequisite activities relative to project completion and G. Perform other tasks required by the PDC/PLUC in order to produce required outputs.

( 226 )


Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plan 2009-2014 Section 3. All costs of the program shall be charged against the 20% Development Funds of the province subject however to accounting and auditing rules and regulations. Section 4. EFFECTIVITY. This order shall be in effect immediately and shall remain in full force until revoke by the undersigned or by competent authority. Done this 5th day of January, 2009 at the Provincial Capitol Complex, Buadi Sacayo, Marawi City.

( 227 )

Enhanced PDPF Plan  

Provincial Development Physical and Framework Plan-Lanao del Sur

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