October edition 2015

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MINA TRAGEDY Eid Greetings this year are accompanied with condolences following the incident at Mina. The cause of the tragic moments have not yet been established but either pilgrims have been blamed so far, or mismanagement of crowd control. This period has been marred with frequent accidents but subsequent accidents in the pilgrimage that happen every year indicate that there is a major problem in Saudis’ management of the ritual. Following the tragedy in Mina, the blame game has begun. Ultimately Saudi authorities must conduct their own immediate investigation into what went wrong. But with the death toll still uncertain and rising and the hundreds that are still unaccounted for, it looks like authorities aren’t handling the present situation at least. Iran and Saudi Arabia have been stepping up their war of words over last Thursday’s stampede, with Riyadh accusing Tehran of politicizing the tragedy and Tehran demanding an apology from Saudi Arabia, which it says mismanaged the Hajj. The Saudi state-run SPA news agency says at least 769 people were killed and more than 900 injured in the crush at Mina, a neighborhood about 2 miles from the Mecca holy site, but Iran says the death toll is higher. Iran’s Hajj and Pilgrimage Organization says 239 Iranian pilgrims have so far been confirmed dead, with 241 others unaccounted for, Press TV said. It referred to what it said was an overall death toll of 4,173.

READ INSIDE Positives from Pakistan Page 14

The Impact of Humans of New York

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CUT PIECE Page 22-23

Changes in Immigration Law Page 15

The Housing Debate Page 9

Eid Mubarak from Lord Mayor Sheffield, Cllr Talib Hussain. Cllr Talib conveyed his good wishes to all citizens of Sheffield especially the Muslim community on this special occasion. He also said he was saddened by the tragedy that unfolded in Mina, and said the loss of lives is foremost on our minds.

Eid Mubarak to all the communities of Sheffield and Rotherham from Lord Nazir Ahmed. Lord Ahmed wished the Muslim community a happy and peaceful holiday and expressed his saddness over the Hajjis who sadly lost their lives during the pilgrimage.

Eid Mubarak from Chairman of PMC Sheffield, Ch. Muhammad Ali. Sending Good wishes for all Muslims and their families. Muhammad Ali expressed grief over the tradegy at Mina and said he was heartbroken over the number of lives lost.

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A new scheme is set to be rolled out to improve one of Sheffield’s key gateway shopping centres. The London Road Shop Front Improvement Scheme is intended to help improve the appearance of the frontages of existing independent businesses. The scheme forms an important part of a wider regeneration plan for London Road and it will contribute to the overall attraction and confidence of the area. Improvement of the street scene will help to boost the image and reputation of the centre and encourage additional private investment in shops and housing. Councillor Jayne Dunn, the Council’s Cabinet Member for Housing said: “The shop front improvement scheme has made a significant impact in Darnall and Spital

DISCLAIMER ILM (The Knowledge) Newspaper does not represent any political, religious or any other group. It is purely for providing general information, entertainment and knowledge to its readers. ILM News does not take any responsibility of any views expressed by authors.

The state of Britain’s local roads is the number one gripe among drivers, according to a survey. One in 10 motorists said the condition of local roads was their top concern, while a further 20% listed it as one of their four main issues. The RAC said the figures show that councils should be under the same legal obligation to maintain roads as they are to provide minimum standards for education and social services. The Local Government Association (LGA) insisted that current funding levels mean councils cannot afford to carry out longterm improvements on roads. Half of the 1,500 motorists polled believe the quality of roads in their area has deteriorated in the past 12 months with just 10% claiming it has improved. Among the 50% who believe the roads in their area are getting worse, the vast majority (99%) attribute this to potholes and general damage to the road surface. Litter is a source of annoyance for a quarter of people (24%), while poor maintenance of verges annoys one in five (21%).


der the Successful Centres programme for London Road to help build relationships and support independent trade in the centre. It will also consolidate and complement other significant planned investment projects in the area.

Sheffield MP in Shadow Cabinet

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Poor Road Surfaces Top Gripe For Motorists

Hill and we are hoping it will have a similar impact on London Road. “We believe that this scheme will help to create an attractive centre that people are proud of and will encourage further investment by the existing businesses. However, it will need the majority of independent owners to participate so that sufficient impact can be made to the overall street scene. “Some exciting developments are already planned for this part of the city and these improvements will complement these projects to attract more people into the area.” The approved scheme is just one of a number of initiatives to be delivered un-

Sheffield MP Louise Haigh has been promoted to Labour’s front bench team by the new leader of the Opposition, Jeremy Corbyn. Louise joined the Shadow Cabinet Office

team as the Shadow Digital Minister with responsibility for shadowing the Government's digital strategy, the Freedom of Information Act, data security and privacy. The role will allow Louise to combine her position as a front bench spokesperson, while still being able to raise issues important to her constituents from the backbenches. Louise, Labour’s youngest MP, is one of eighteen Labour MPs from the 2015 intake to be promoted to the new shadow ministerial teams. Commenting, Louise said: “I said before my election that I wanted to be part of a new style of politics; open,

Top 10 Secondary Schools In Sheffield While parents are choosing a secondary school for the year 2016 for their children we thought we would share the top 10. The website - www.schoolsguide.co.uk has rated all the secondary schools in sheffield according to key performance data including exam results, Ofsted reports, value added score and pupil to teacher ratio Top 10 schools in Sheffield according to the website are independent schools Birkdale School, and Sheffield High School.

The top ten rated state secondary schools in Sheffield are: 1. Notre Dame High School 2. Silverdale School 3. Tapton School 4. King Edward VII School 5. Bradfield School 6. High Storrs School 7. All Saints' Catholic School 8. Meadowhead School 9. Parkwood E-Act Academy 10. Sheffield Park Academy

inclusive and one which everyone can engage and get involved in. I will be joining the Shadow Cabinet Office team, giving me the chance to raise a wide range of issues, including those which will move to the centre of the debate over the coming years such as how we can ensure that the digital revolution works for the interests of all in society and navigates the line between privacy and security. But rest assured, my constituents and the issues important to us here in Sheffield Heeley will remain my first and abiding priority: I will continue to hold ministers to account on a fair and sustainable economy, on education, on cuts to public services, on a welfare system which allows people to live with dignity, on the stalled green energy revolution, on fracking, immigration detention and other important constituency issues.”

Flu Jab Effective For Just One In Three Adults The flu jab proved effective for just one in three adults who received it last winter, Public Health England (PHE) has said. And the vaccine for children under the age of 18 offered a similar level of protection, at 35%, against strains of influenza A. The success rate was better than first thought, with PHE warning at the time that the jab was only 3% effective, but it is still lower than typical past effectiveness of 50%. In recent years, we have typically seen around 50% (ranging from 25 to 70%) effectiveness for the flu vaccine in the UK, and there has generally been a good match between the strains of flu in the vaccine and those that subsequently circulate. However, last year saw a slightly lower vaccine effectiveness than usual. Flu, along with cold weather, was said to have led to the number of deaths over the winter being up to a third higher than in previous years but officials said the vaccine remained “the best protection” against the virus. The study showed the child’s jab had 100% effectiveness against influenza B, while the adult vaccines were 29.3% and 46.3% successful against A and B strains respectively. PHE said in February the problem was caused by a “mismatch” between the A(H3N2) influenza strain used to make the vaccine and the main A(H3N2) strain that had been spreading around the UK. But in its final report the body put the rise of efficacy of the jab down to “a shift in the dominant circulating strains” as the season continued.

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Un Assemly Opens With Call For Action On Refugee Crisis UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on Europe to do more to confront the refugee crisis, in his opening address to the General Assembly meeting of world leaders. "I urge Europe to do more," Ban told the 193-nation assembly. Europe's worst refugee crisis since World War II looms large over this year's gathering of world leaders as international efforts to end the war in Syria are in disarray. "We should not be building fences or walls, but above all we must look at root causes, in countries of origin," said Ban. More than four million people have been driven from the homes in the four-year war in Syria, with hundreds of thousands heading to Europe, pouring out of overcrowded refugee camps in Jordan and Turkey. The European Union last month agreed to inject

$1 billion to UN relief efforts in Syria's neighboring countries, but Ban said more should be done to ensure that the refugees are treated with dignity. Ban has expressed his outrage over the treatment of refugees in Hungary, where the government has sealed off the border with Serbia and police have used water cannons to push back refugees. Hungary has also made border-crossing a crime punishable by up to five years in jail. In his address, Ban appealed for more funding of UN relief efforts, which he said was "not broken. It is broke." "We are not receiving enough money to save enough lives," he said. UN appeals for Iraq, South Sudan and Yemen have received about half of the funds needed and only a third of the money requested for Syria has been pledged.

£16 Million Bill Dumped On Taxpayers As Fly-Tipping Makes Unwelcome Return Fly-tipping is on the rise across England, leaving taxpayers with a multi-million-pound bill to clear up the mess, figures show. Incidents of rubbish dumped illegally and the costs of dealing with it have risen for the second year running and have jumped significantly on two years ago, councils say. Clearing up the mess cost more than £16.2 million in 2014/2015, up from just under £16 million the previous year and £13.6 million in 2012/2013, the figures suggest.

All the figures show that the huge amount of effort local authorities put into preventing and tackling fly-tipping is having a real impact. The number of fly-tipping incidents rose in 2014/2015 to 529,462 during the past three years. The figure was up from 527,777 the previous year - but both years are up significantly on 2012/2013, when the problem seemed to be in decline. Part of the rise is thought to be down to people moving house more often and the low cost of household goods.

Free School Meals Will Not Be Cut, Says Cameron The Government has been looking into scrapping free school meals for all infants at lunchtimes. The Conservatives committed to the policy in their 2015 manifesto, but the cut is under consideration as part of George Osborne’s November spending review. Introduced by Nick Clegg in the last coalition government, the scheme saves the parents of reception, year one and year two pupils about £400 per child, per year. Although the Department for Education has most of its £54bn ring-fenced, about £14bn spent on early years education, teacher training, colleges and Universal Infant Free School Meals is not protected. Education Secretary Nicky Morgan has to offer two proposals, where spending on these unprotected areas would be cut by 25% and 40%. UIFSM did come with teething problems – not least because of the extra costs for building school kitchens. Head teachers now want to keep the programme “after all the money and time invested”.


David Cameron has dismissed speculation free school meals for all infant children could face cuts. The prime minister "is committed to free school meals in England", an official spokesman told the BBC. The spokesman said the prime minister had made the point that "it was in the manifesto, the manifesto words are very clear - we're proud of what we've done with free school meals". The Conservative manifesto says: "We will support families by providing free meals to all infants". The chancellor called for the cuts in July, as part of his Spending Review, due to be published in November. The free school meals budget has cost about £600m each year, and there has been speculation the meals could be vulnerable as they are not part of the per-pupil schools budget, which is protected.

How The Care System Works Care in later years covers everything from help in an individual's home for tasks such as washing and dressing, to round-the-clock help in a care home or nursing home. The way the system works is different, depending on which part of the UK a person lives in. Unlike the NHS, services are not free. Some people aged 65 and over will get help towards their costs, but others can pay the full cost. Social care in England is provided by councils and is pretty tightly rationed. Local authorities only have to provide help to those with very high needs. But even then people with assets of more than £23,250 still have to pay for the full cost of that care regardless of whether it is

in a care home, nursing home or in their own home. Outside of their own home, that figure may include the value of their property. But from April 2020 (the government has delayed the original 2016 date) the system is changing. From that point onwards the cost of their care will be capped at £72,000, from the age of 65 onwards. However, that sum only includes the care element. Some £230 a week of the costs charged by the care home will not count, as these are being classed as living costs that people would have to pay in the community to cover things such as accommodation, food and bills.

Mobile Phone Bills Set To Rise Mobile phone customers could face higher bills after Ofcom announced it is to treble annual fees for operators. The regulator has concluded that operators should pay a combined annual total of £199.6 million a year for the spectrum bands which are used for 2G, 3G and 4G voice and data services. The figure is 13% lower than Ofcom’s earlier proposals in February but more than three times the current fee. The mobile industry has not previously had to

pay market value for access to this spectrum, which is a valuable and finite resource, and the new fees reflect that value The fees vary for each operator depending on the bandwidth they use. Vodafone and EE will see their fees more than triple from £15.6 million a year to £49.6 million, while EE’s charges will rise from £24.9 million to £75 million and Three’s will change from £8.3 million to £25 million.

Six Miles Of M1 Roadworks To Be Lifted - But More Work Planned Six miles of roadworks on the M1 to the south of Sheffield are to be lifted this month. The restrictions, which have seen a 50mph speed limit imposed on 20-mile section of road between Junctions 28 and 31, are to be partially lifted next week. But it comes as preparations for start for work to begin between Junctions 32 and 34. Restrictions are to be removed between Junction 30 and 31, with those between Junction 29A and Junction 30 being lifted next month. The entire scheme, down to Junction 28 at Mansfield, is due to end in December. Work has been taking place to create a ‘smart motorway scheme’, where there will be an extra lane of traffic and overhead electronic message signs will give drivers information about congestion and lane closures. Further roadworks between Junction 32 for Rotherham and Junction 35A for Stocksbridge are still continuing, with work between Junction 32 and 34 starting next month.

One In Three Born In U.K This Year Will Develop Dementia In Their Life One in three people born in the U.K this year will suffer from some form of dementia in their lifetime, the Alzheimer’s Research U.K charity has warned. The figures, which have been released by the charity on World Alzheimer’s Day, suggest the condition will affect 27% of boys born in 2015 and 37% of girls. With no treatment to stop or slow dementia, the charity has warned of a “looming national health crisis” as the population ages, and is renewing its call for more urgent action to tackle the ill-

ness. “These figures underline a stark reality: as people are living longer, more and more people will develop dementia in the future if action is not taken now”, Alzheimer’s Research UK Dementia affects 850,000 people in the U.K and is caused by brain diseases, most commonly Alzheimer’s, which result in the loss of brain cells and impair the brain’s ability to function properly.

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UK Members To Receive Missing Child Alerts From Facebook Facebook is to start sending missing child alerts to UK-based members. Posts about high-risk cases will appear high up in the News Feeds of users who are located within the areas where officials are searching. The firm’s support for the police’s Child Rescue Alerts scheme follows a similar Amber Alerts facility launched in the US and Canada in January, According to BBC News ,the latest initiative has been welcomed by the UK’s National Crime Agency. “When a child goes missing, public awareness is a vital tool. Facebook’s support of Child Rescue Alert will not only enable an even larger number of people to be reached quickly – it means we can target the alert to greater effect by focussing on a specific search area.” Facebook said the alerts would be shown as the second item in affected users’ News Feeds. Targeting will be based on the place users have

listed as their home location in their profiles, the internet address from which they most recently logged into Facebook and location data sent from the site’s mobile apps. The extent of the search area covered will be determined by the police – in some cases it could be a village and the surrounding land, in others the UK as a whole. Posts will typically include a photo of the missing child, the location of their disappearance as well as other appropriate information. Facebook suggested recipients could in turn share the posts with others they thought might be able to help. It added that it would only promote cases in which the child was believed to be at a “serious risk” of harm. Facebook also offers a similar service in the Netherlands and South Korea and said its “goal is to continue to distribute it across the world”.

Nether Edge Councillors ‘We are here to help’ Nether Edge Councillors Monthly Surgery: 1st Saturday of the month Dalton Court Community Centre S8 0YU 11am - 12pm No need to book

Councillor Nasima Akhter 07872476638 Nasima.Akhter@Sheffield.gov.uk

Paul Blomfield Challenges Cuts To Tax Credits Paul Blomfield, MP for Sheffield Central, recently challenged a Government Minister Damian Hinds, over cuts to tax credits, saying “the Government talks endlessly about supporting people in work, but their biggest change to the welfare budget is hitting working people.” Government changes to tax credits, benefits and the minimum wage will make the average household with children £1,127 a year worse off, according to the House of Commons Library. The changes will affect 27,100 families in Sheffield.

After voting against the cuts, Mr Blonfield said thousands of people in Sheffield are working hard, but on low pay. They rely on tax credits to make ends meet but the cuts will have devastating impacts on families. He said these are real human stories of self respecting people who prefer to work and set a good example to their children. Tax credit cuts will impact over 3 million families, with an average loss of over £1,000. The changes will affect 27,100 families in Sheffield. In Sheffield Central 4,200 families (including 3,100 families with children) will be affected. When responding to questions regarding the cuts to tax credits and their impact on low income families, Ministers have pointed to the introduction of a higher minimum wage (the ‘National Living Wage’) to suggest that families will benefit from the Budget changes, and that work incentives will be strengthened. However, the latest report from the IFS indicates that tax and benefit changes (namely tax credits cuts) will far outweigh any benefit from the new NLW.

Rogue Landlords ‘Should Face Prison Time’ For Putting Lives At Risk Landlords should face tougher fines and more stringent licensing rules to stop them exploiting tenants and renting out substandard accommodation, the Local Government Association has said. The LGA, which represents more than 370 councils in England and Wales, is calling for the courts to punish rogue landlords “proportionately” and “a consistent standard” when it comes to licensing. While landlords can be jailed for illegally evict-


ing tenants, the highest penalty magistrates courts can impose for housing offences is a fine. In theory this is unlimited, but the LGA said that a lack of guidelines is forcing magistrates to take landlords’ financial circumstances into consideration during sentencing which is resulting in “paltry fines”. The LGA said councils had found properties with fire escape doors opening out onto three-storey drops and without proper front doors.

Councillor Mohammad Maroof 07790017298 Mohammad.Maroof@Sheffield.gov.uk

Councillor Nikki Bond 07971961803 Nikki.Bond@Sheffield.gov.uk







Sheffield Top For Jobseekers’ Firms Sheffield tops the table for jobless benefit claimants starting a business with the help of a government scheme. Some 1,140 have been set up since the New Enterprise Allowance scheme was launched in April 2011. More than 8,700 have been started in Yorkshire and the Humber according to statistics released by the Department for Work and Pensions. The top five local authorities for start-ups are Sheffield (1140), Leeds (830), Doncaster (690), East Riding (660), Bradford (650). The NEA gives start-ups a weekly grant and a business mentor. The DWP says the British total is more than 73,000 new start-ups created through the scheme. Employment Minister, Priti Patel, said: “We want

everyone in all parts of Britain to benefit from the opportunities being created by our growing economy. We are supporting people, regardless of their background or where they are from, who want to work hard and get on. “This scheme helps claimants with a good business idea to become their own boss so they can support themselves and their families, and turn their lives around.” The UK is rated as the best place in Europe and one of the best places in the world to start a business, she added. However the Government wants to see more people from disadvantaged communities have the opportunity to be their own boss.

Compulsory Academic GCSEs ‘A Problem’ For Some A key government policy to force all pupils to sit GCSEs in core academic subjects could be difficult for some students, the head of Ofsted has said. Ministers want all pupils in England to study maths, English, science, one of history or geography and a modern language at GCSE. But some young people "will find it a problem" says Sir Michael Wilshaw. The head of Ofsted said vocational subjects would suit some pupils better. In particular he questioned whether the academic subjects included in the government's Ebacc would be the best thing for pupils who wanted to take apprenticeships when they left school. "I can think of youngsters, even at the highest-performing schools, who will find it a problem and who would have been better suited to do English, maths and science and a range of vocational subjects," he told the magazine. In June, the Education Secretary Nicky Morgan confirmed she wants all pupils to have to study the five traditional subjects included in the Ebacc school performance measure. According to Mrs Morgan the move would ensure all pupils re-

ceived a rigorous academic education and avoid pupils from disadvantaged backgrounds being put off academic subjects. In addition, the Conservative manifesto pledges that schools which do not have 100% of pupils studying this set of subjects at GCSE should not be able to obtain Ofsted's top rating of "outstanding". Both policies will be subject to a government consultation later in the autumn. Sir Michael told the TES he agreed more young people should be studying these subjects - but said the combination was not suitable for everyone. The Department for Education said an additional league table measure, Progress 8, allows pupils to study a wider range of subjects. "As part of Progress 8, pupils will be able to study up to three of our new gold-standard Tech Awards which will provide a real foundation for progression on to vocational courses including apprenticeships," said a spokesman.

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Child Car Seats: The Law Working out which type of child car seat will keep your brood safest on the road is more bewildering than ever, thanks to a raft of product innovations and some new regulations. So what's the law now and what's changing?

Very often we hear superstitions such as number 13 is unlucky for a person or to sight a black cat before going to somewhere may bring failure to objective. There are many superstitious beliefs also found in relation to food. Superstitions, prejudices, myths and limited personal experiences leads to food fads and fallacies which may tend to be dangerous. Some of these fads are handed down by our ancestors who did not cling to these beliefs without any reasoning. Most of the people, when asked to reason regarding their beliefs they usually say, “Our adults knew better, they were healthier than us and lived longer than us.” The real reasons could be many as they ate unadulterated, natural, less processed or un-refined food, their life style is not as sedentary as ours etc. There is a large list of food fads and fallacies showing that there is a lot of ignorance and when linked with religion or family pattern of living it becomes more difficult to change them. Some common food fallacies are given below, the sole purpose is to create and spread the awareness. • Rice should be avoided during fever. • Peas, potatoes and beans cause constipation. • Eating watermelon & rice at the same time causes indigestion. • Yogurt should not be taken with pickles, it causes skin pigmentation. • Radish causes stomach-ache. • Milk should not be taken with fish. • Water should not be taken after water-melon. • Bananas are for reducing diets. • Lemon aids digestion. • During heart disease weight reduction is dangerous. • Weight is increased after surgical operations. • Toasted bread is less fattening than fresh bread. • Omitting meal reduces the weight. • Fruit juice is better than whole fruit in promoting health. • Raw onion should be eaten on very hot day to avoid sun-stroke. • Raw carrot improves night vision drastically. • Milk is fattening. • Honey after meal causes colic. • Meat is constipating • Chicken and radish should not be eaten together. • Eggs are more digestible raw than cooked. • Hard cooked egg has less nutritive value than a soft cooked egg. • Spices are useful for hot climate. • Mutton is better as a food than fish, chicken or beef. • Beef is more difficult to digest than any other meat. • Raw onions are good as a cure of colds. • Meat makes people fierce. • Orange causes cold, especially if eaten after sunset. • Onion is bad to eat at night. (NOTE: there is not a single hadith saying onions are good at day and bad at night. The hadith is regarding prohibition of entry in mosque after eating onion and garlic till their bad smell vanished.) • In villages people believe that more fat keep their children healthy. • Drinks (coffee, soda, tea, syrups, juices etc.) do not contribute to weight gain. • You have to starve yourself to lose weight. • Foods like celery and carrot help you burn more calories during chewing and digestion than they give after digestion. • Eating a body part from meat help strengthen the same part our body. Like eating brain make us intelligent, eating heart strengthen our heart or eating liver improves our liver functioning.

The law requires all children to travel in an appropriate child restraint until they reach 135cm tall or their 12th birthday – whichever comes first. It's the driver's responsibility to ensure this is the case (so if you give someone else's offspring a lift in your car and there's no child seat, you can't blame their parents!) There are very few exceptions to when a car seat needs to be used. It's important to be aware of the definition of 'appropriate' child restraint - this has so far meant the correct group for a child's weight (although this Taxis and minicabs (private hire vehicles) In a licensed taxi or minicab: children under 3 years is changing). of age can travel without a child’s car seat or seat belt, but only on the back seat; children aged 3 1. Using a child car seat or booster seat years or older can travel without a child’s car seat if Children must normally use a child car seat until they wear an adult seat belt. they’re 12 years old or 135cm tall, whichever comes first. Only EU-approved child car seats can be used in the UK. These have a label showing a capital ‘E’ in a circle. You can choose a child car seat based on your child’s height or weight.

Height-based car seats Height-based car seats are known as ‘i-Size’ seats. They must be rear-facing until your child is over 15 months old. Your child can use a forward-facing car seat when they’re over 15 months old. You must check the seat to make sure it’s suitable for the height of your child.

Coaches Children can travel without a car seat or seat belt, if they’re not available.

Fitting a child car seat You must only use a child car seat if your car’s seat belt has a diagonal strap, unless the car seat is either: specifically designed for use with a lap seat belt or fitted using ISOFIX anchor points. You must also: deactivate any front airbags before fitting a rear-facing baby seat in a front seat and not fit a child car seat in side-facing seats.

Unexpected journeys If the correct child seat isn’t available, a child over 3 years of age can use an adult seat belt if the journey is all of the following: unexpected; necessary; over a short distance. You can’t take children under 3 in a vehicle without a seat belt or the correct child car seat (except a taxi or minicab).

Minibuses All children must travel in rear seats (any seats behind the driver) if a child car seat or an adult seat belt isn’t fitted. Children aged 3 and older must: use a child car seat if there’s one available in a miniWeight-based car seats Weight-based car seats must be rear-facing until bus; use an adult seat belt if child seats are not fityour child weighs more than 9kg. After that the ted or are unsuitable. seat your child can use (and the way they must be restrained in it) depends on their weight. You may Vans be able to choose from more than one type of seat. The rules for vans are the same as for cars.

No room for a third child seat Children under 3 must be in a child car seat. If Children with disabilities The same rules apply for children with disabilities there’s no room for a third child seat in the back of unless a doctor says they’re exempt on medical the vehicle, the child must travel in the front seat grounds. They can use a disabled person’s seat belt with the correct child seat. Children over 3 years can sit in the back using an adult belt. or child restraint designed for their needs. Vehicles without seat belts Children under 3 must be in a child car seat. If A child can travel without a child car seat in some there’s no seat belt, they can’t travel. A child over 3 can travel in a back seat without a car seat and circumstances. without a seat belt if the vehicle doesn’t have one. 2. When a child can travel without a car seat

Flu Immunisations For School Children Primary school pupils aged five and upwards in Sheffield are being lined up to be immunised against flu. A programme to protect thousands of children from flu is due to begin across the city and will for the first time this year will be offered to some infant school pupils. Sheffield City Council leaders are urging parents to make sure their children are protected. Between October and December, youngsters from Years One and Two only will receive the vaccine in the form of a nasal spray delivered at their primary schools to protect them from the virus. This is in addition to two, three and four year olds being vaccinated by GPs. This is part of a national phased roll-out of flu

Minibuses, coaches and vans Minibus or coach drivers and companies don’t have to provide child car seats. You must provide your own if you want to make sure a child has one.

immunisation to children based on the advice of national experts and is expected to expand to include other year groups in the future. The introduction of national immunisation programmes has meant that the incidence of many infectious diseases have significantly reduced, with some like polio having disappeared completely in the UK. The vaccination programme is being delivered by the Sheffield Children’s Hospital Trust school nursing service with children given the vaccine in the classroom to cause as little disruption as possible to the school day. The nasal spray vaccination is a quick, painless and effective way of protecting children from flu

CHILD’S WEIGHT 0kg to 25kg 9kg to 18kg 15kg to 36kg Over 22kg

CAR SEAT Rear-facing baby carrier, or rear-facing baby seat using a harness Rear- or forward-facing baby seat using a harness or safety shield Forward-facing child seat (high-backed booster seat) using a seatbelt Booster cushion

without the need for injections but this form of the vaccine contains porcine, a pork derivative, something muslim parents are increasingly becoming aware of. Parents may opt for their child to not have the nasal vaccine, but the injection flu jab is not offered or rolled out to school children as an alternative. Stephen Horsley, Interim Director of Public Health at Sheffield City Council added: “Flu is not just a cold – it can be a really serious illness for some people. And it doesn’t just affect older people – healthy children are also susceptible to flu and its associated complications such as pneumonia. “Flu is highly contagious and children can also

pass on the virus to those at risk of becoming more seriously ill from flu, such as pregnant women, over 65s and those with a long-term health condition.”

Ban Clocking Campaign

Junk Food Is Killing Us More Quickly Britons need to cut down on junk food diets, couch potato lifestyles, cigarettes and booze. Britain's junk food diet has become the leading cause of death and ill-health, ahead of smoking, according to a study published in The Lancet. The research shows that 40 per cent of NHS resources are spent dealing with ills caused by potentially preventable lifestyle factors such as unhealthy eating habits, obesity, alcohol and smoking. Diet is now the number one factor driving poor health, even ahead of smoking, the study by Public Health England (PHE) found – causing 10.8 per cent of illness in the UK compared with 10.7 per cent caused by smoking. The number of deaths from alcohol-related disease has soared. The figures for England, which track the impact of disease since 1990, show a 57 per cent rise in liver cancer deaths and a 42 per cent increase in deaths from cirrhosis. Overall, researchers found that life expectancy rose by 6.4 years between 1990 and 2013, increasing from 75.9 to 81.3 years. But, over the same period, the burden of disability – the total amount of time spent living in ill-health – barely changed, as chronic diseases have taken grip. While death rates from diabetes fell by 56 per cent, the number of years lost to disability and illness linked to the condition rose by 75 per cent over the same period, the analysis shows. Public health officials are drawing up recommendations for ways to help reduce the amount of sugar consumed in Britain. The proposals could include limits on the standard portion sizes of chocolates, sweets and fizzy drinks which are sold.


3 Easy Steps:







A campaign has been launched to call for an end to clocking - the practice of altering a car's odometer to show a lower mileage. Fraudsters use the technique to increase the re-sale value of vehicles. A report by the Office of Fair Trading estimated that clocking costs consumers £580 million a year in higher prices. The National Franchised Dealers Association (NFDA) and the Retail Motor In-

dustry Federation are urging the Government to ban all forms of clocking. It is not against the law to have a vehicle's mileage altered, but owners are outlawed from then selling it without telling the buyer what has happened. The EU is proposing to outlaw mileage correction companies by 2018 - there are believed to be more than 70 in the UK - but campaigners warned the measures would not go far enough. NFDA said: "Simply outlawing mileage correction companies by 2018 is not enough. In those three years thousands more cars will be clocked, hugely compromising the safety of cars on UK roads. A mileage adjustment company is not necessarily the only route for someone who wants to alter their vehicle's mileage, so a broader zero tolerance stance must be adopted." The practice leads to unsafe cars on the road because they can avoid being serviced.

NEARLY 100,000 CHILDREN IN ENGLAND ‘HOMELESS’ Nearly 100,000 children in England are living in temporary accommodation after being made homeless, new figures show. At the end of June, 66,980 individuals or families were registered as having no home of their own - an increase of 12% from the same date last year. Almost a third of them had lost a home in the private rented sector. Homelessness charities blamed housing benefit failing to keep pace with rent rises - but the government said there was a "strong welfare safety net". Most homeless families with children are living in self-contained accommodation - where there is sole use of a kitchen and bathroom - the government figures show. But more than 2,500 are living in bed and breakfast accommodation - 25% higher than a year earlier. Of those households, 830 have been in B&Bs for more than 6 weeks, 36% higher than a year earlier. The figures showed that, in total, 99,080 children were among those living in temporary accommodation.

The statistics do not include rough sleepers but the most recent data suggests there were about 2,700 people living on England's streets in autumn 2014. Unfortunately, these statistics show us is that 30% of people who are being accepted as homeless are homeless because they are losing their home in the private rented sector and unfortunately the cost of housing benefit simply isn't keeping pace with market rents and that is making it extremely difficult for people. Families and young people have been pushed into rent debt because of low wages and benefit changes have left them unable to cover costs of essentials. The Department for Work and Pensions said the number of households living in temporary accommodation was "significantly lower" than the peak in 2004. "Temporary accommodation ensures no family is without a roof over their head," said a spokesman. "We continue to spend around £24bn a year on housing benefit, so there is a strong welfare safety net in place."

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A new blood test is set to revolutionise the way cancer is diagnosed. The new test, which helps to identify cancer-specific gene mutations in DNA, might one day be available in GP surgeries to provide a diagnosis within days. It could be “a real game changer” often removing the need for biopsies and helping patients get much earlier treatment for all types of cancer, according to a consultant thoracic surgeon, who led the research. The new blood test, which would cost the NHS

just a few hundred pounds a time, was devised by researchers from the Royal Brompton Hospital and the National Heart and Lung Institute at Imperial College London. They correctly identified gene mutations in the DNA of nearly seven out of ten samples from 223 lung cancer patients. The test is not an alternative to a biopsy for all patients but, when a blood test shows a positive result, this could mean a patient is saved from going through an unnecessary and invasive diagnostic procedure.

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The Housing Debate Goes Viral Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son As regular readers will know I have been talking about this debate in ILM for quite some time, but in the last two weeks it has hit all the news channels and print media. In reality the crises in house building has been brewing since the 1970's. The simple fact is that housebuilding has been almost static for the last decade. The public sector through Local Authorities particularly in the fifties and sixties were building a significant number of affordable homes aimed at the masses, these were further supplemented by Housing Associations. The result being there were a healthy number of homes available for all sectors.

Land – The amount of land available for devel- lowed tenants to buy their council homes, by and opment is not that great as we are restricted to large these homes were not replaced. where you can build. The vast majority of land is These are just a few of the reasons why house in the Green Belt, this cannot be built upon. building has reduced in the last decade or so. Planning System – This has come under a great What we need is a major house building prodeal of scrutiny in the last few years as some peo- gramme for all tenures. The government and politicians now recognise that we are at a point ple see it as a challenge to development. where no action is not an option. Rough estiFinance – more recently a lot of house builders in mates being discussed whilst I am writing this the small to medium bracket have left the market article suggest we need to be building at the rate of two hundred and fifty thousand a year with an because of financial issues. ambition of building at least one million in the Social Housing – The Right to Buy legislation al- next five years. Even at this rate we are only be-

The private house building industry was also very active. Land was not such a great issue and housing was being built at reasonable prices. The three bed semi found its origins in the fifties and sixties, you will see that their design and layout is similar wherever you are in the country at well over £200K.


phone within five minutes before turning off the light. The modern, touch screen-based smartphone is less than a decade old but it is more intertwined with our lives than ever. Constant technological improvements are allowing us to delegate more and more tasks to our phones, from ordering taxis to browsing catalogues and paying for a meal. Elsewhere, the study found 76 per cent of adults in the UK have a smartphone, up six per cent on last year. More than 32 million smartphones are bought in the UK every year and a further six million are handed down. Most UK consumers use their smartphones ‘at every opportunity’, the study found, with two-thirds of owners using their devices on public transport, 60 per cent at work and almost half while meeting a friend. Among the adults with a smartphone, all but 5 per cent have used their devices to take a photo and two-thirds have uploaded or shared their images on social networks and instant messaging. Around half use their smartphone to take a photo at least once a week. More than one in 10 of adults have made a mobile payment in-store, 40 per cent have made a mobile purchase with their phone and 59 per cent have browsed retailers’ sites on their phone. And the fact participants collectively checked their phones up to 1.1 billion times a day is a sign that users are ‘increasingly obsessed’ with their phones.

Large house builders are looking for sites in prime locations which tend to be in the more affluent parts of the city or town which means secondary locations are not attracting much interest hence planning permissions are not being actioned. The medium sized builders mostly disappeared in the recession and have not returned in numbers. The smaller builders also suffered a similar fate.

The positive aspect of this crises is we are seeing the media, politicians and strategy makers talking about solutions addressing this in a way that few of us have seen before.

Population – The number of people on these islands has increased significantly, many more are living in smaller family units or living alone.

If you reach for your phone as soon as you’re awake and struggle to put it down at night, you’re not alone, a Delloite Mobile Consumer study points out. A study has found more than a third of us check our handsets between 25 and 50 times a day, while 16 per cent of us do it more than 50 times from morning until night. It is so common that smartphone owners in the UK collectively pick up their devices 1.1 billion times every day. The figures come from a report which surveyed 4,000 people in the UK. They show that one in 10 smartphone owners reaches for their device immediately on waking – and not just to turn the alarm off – while 53 per cent have done so within 15 minutes. Almost half of 18 to 24-year-olds check their smartphones within five minutes of waking, mainly to check for texts, emails and social network updates. The ritual is repeated at bedtime, with more than a quarter (28 per cent) checking their smart-

What needs to happen from here on is land with planning permission should be developed. In the north it is not that we don't have land it just tends to be in locations which are not attractive to developers. It is in these circumstances that you need government intervention to bring about development. Speaking from experience I can say land is available but the appetite for development does not exist.

In conclusion there is no doubt the country needs millions of new homes, the need is immediate. The problem is there are not enough small to medium house builders in the market. Finance is still a problem, development funding is not easy to source.

So what has caused the crises, there are many reasons depending on your viewpoint but there are a few which are generic:

UK Buys 32 Million Smartphones A Year

ginning to address the issue.

Fraud costs NHS £5.7bn a year lion and £1.49bn – was payroll, where Up to £5.7bn a year is being lost by is diminished. the NHS to fraud by patients and staff, The area with the highest level of fraud scams included false allowance claims. a new report has claimed. The money and error – put at between £555 mil- Procurement scams, such as under-providing goods and services, was was being syphoned off across arestimated to cost between eas such as general practice, den£1bn and £1.27bn, while £304 tistry, prescriptions and payroll. million was lost to fraud by paExamples included GPs creating tients through false claims for ghost patients, dentists claiming free prescriptions, dental care for more work than was carried and optical services. A Departout and pharmacists failing to dement of Health spokesperson clare prescription charges which said: “We do not recognise the have been paid. figures in this highly speculaFraud… has a direct, negative imtive report which is full of inpact on human life as the quality, consistencies.” quantity and speed of patient care

World Leaders Adopt New Development Goals At UN World leaders gathered at the UN General Assembly recently, voted to adopt sustainable development goals that will shape global progress for the next 15 years. The ambitious set of 17 development goals aim to end poverty, fight social inequality and fix climate change by 2030. Welcoming the adoption, UN SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon termed the goals as "a blueprint for a better future, a to-do list for people and planet". "Now we must use the goals to transform the world. We will do that through partnership and through commitment", he said. The historic vote came hours after Pope Francis spoke out on poverty, environment and climate change in his address to the world body. "A selfish and boundless thirst for power and material prosperity leads both to the misuse of available natural resources and to the exclusion of the weak and disadvantaged", the pontiff said in remarks translated from Spanish.

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REIGN SUPREME the constant heart of British life since she came to the throne as a young woman of 25. While Queen Elizabeth is instantly recognizable, her personality and views remain an enigma to most. However, there will be no big fanfare for the record-breaking queen. Palace officials say that she would like to keep the occasion a low-key affair and that the day will be “business as usual.” The Queen has also been at the forefront of new technology sending her first email in 1976, from a British army Queen Elizabeth II becomes Britains longestbase, launching the website www.royal.gov.uk in serving monarch. She has lived longer than any 1997, the Royal YouTube channel in 2007, and a of her predecessors, has seen a dozen prime Royal Twitter account in 2009. ministers come and go and has presided over six decades of British history — from post-World War II recovery to the death of Princess Diana and terrorist attacks on London. Now Queen Elizabeth II is the longest-reigning monarch in British history. She beats the record — 63 years and 7 months — set by her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria more than a century ago. Only four other British kings and queens have reigned for 50 years or more. The only monarch most living Britons have ever known, Queen Elizabeth has been

Thousands Of Under-18S ‘Let Off For Sex Attacks, Assaults, Robberies And Burglaries’ Thousands of juveniles who have committed serious crimes have been let off with a “slap on the wrist” and without a formal conviction, new figures show. More than 20,000 under-18s avoided being charged with crimes, such as sexual offences, robbery, burglary, assault with injury and possession of drugs with intent to supply. Instead they were dealt with informally by “community resolutions” - which range from apologies to offers of compensation - rather than prosecutions and cautions. But their use for serious crimes is against Home Office guidelines, which state they are for a “less serious offence or anti-social behaviour”. The data came from 32 police forces in England and Wales which responded to a Freedom of

Information request. The figures also show that more than 23,000 adults have been dealt with by way of community resolution. Derbyshire Police issued the most community resolutions for both juveniles and adults, closely followed by Devon and Cornwall and then Greater Manchester. Conservative MP Philip Davies said: “Victims of serious crimes will be horrified to find out that so many perpetrators are being given no more than a slap on the wrist.” What sort of a message are we sending out to these criminals when their serious offences are being treated in such a pathetic manner? We always expect criminals to be prosecuted and punished in accordance with the law.

Supermarket Rivalry Supermarket Sainsbury’s outperformed its so called “big four” rivals over the last three months, as a price war continues to stall overall market growth. Sainsbury’s sales grew 0.9% in the 12 weeks to September, while sales at market leader Tesco, Asda and Morrisons fell. But it was the budget grocers, Aldi and Lidl, which continue to grow strongly. More than half of shoppers have visited one of them in the past three months. Almost seven per cent of grocery sales are currently purchased through the internet and existing online supermarkets will be watching closely to see when Amazon Fresh will launch in the UK and whether it will steal market share or grow the online market even further. The German discounters continued their strong performances at the expense of the traditional players with sales rises of 17.3% and 16% respectively. Lidl’s market share hit a record high of 4.2%, while Aldi’s increased to 5.6%.


Smartphones And Tablets Could Be Banned From Classrooms Smartphones and other personal electronic devices like tablets could be banned from the classroom over fears they cause too much disruption to lessons. Experts are to look into the impact of devices used by pupils under an expansion an investigation into how to train teachers to tackle poor behaviour, Schools Minister Nick Gibb said. It follows concerns raised by schools inspectorate Ofsted over secondary-aged pupils using their phones at school. Behaviour experts say when children have a smartphone in their pocket that offers instant entertainment and reward, they can be easily distracted from their work. The Government said that GCSE results at one

Academy in Kent had almost doubled since the school banned smartphones in 2013. But ministers needed to be sure the advice given to teachers is fit for the 21st century when even primary school pupils may be bringing in phones or tablets. The Schools Minister said “Whether it is the use of mobile phones in schools or the attitudes of parents to their child’s behaviour in class, we will now probe deeper into behaviour more generally to ensure that no child has to put up with having their education disrupted by misbehaviour.” Phones and tablets are part of modern life and school leaders should have the final say about how and when they are used appropriately.

VW Admits 11m Cars Have Emission-Cheat Software As It Sets Aside $7bn VW has admitted some 11 million cars worldwide were fitted with the suspect emissions-cheating software. The company has set aside more than $7bn (£4bn) to deal with the crisis. US authorities said the carmaker had deliberately circumvented clean air rules on diesel cars through the use of software which was triggered when cars were undergoing exhaust tests. The so-called “defeat devices” meant that true emission levels, as much as 40 times the level legally allowed in the US, were hidden. The scandal engulfing Volkswagen spread last month as South Korea said it would conduct its own investigation and a French minister called for an EU-wide probe. The German carmaker’s shares fell to a new three-year low in early trade, extending Monday’s 19% plunge. Shares in other makers also tumbled, with investors spooked by the possibility VW may not be alone in cheating the system. Europe’s big-

gest automaker could face penalties of up to $18 billion in the United States, as well as class-action lawsuits from buyers and damage to its reputation, with U.S. regulators alleging it misled them for more than a year.

New research pinpoints UK’s most dangerous roads Ten miles of road in Lincolnshire has been named the most persistently dangerous stretch out of all the roads in the UK, researchers say. The Road Safety Foundation calculated that the A18 between Laceby and Ludborough as the most persistently dangerous road in Britain. The number of fatal and serious crashes on the narrow rural road in Lincolnshire increased by 70%. There were 10 incidents in 2008-10 and 17 in 2011-13. Some 41% of accidents in the latter period involved vehicles veering off the winding, tree-lined road. The section topped a list of high risk and medium-high risk roads which have shown little or no change in accident levels or which have had

significant increases in the number of crashes. The next most persistently risky road is a fourmile stretch of the A36 in Totton, Hampshire, followed by an 18-mile section of the A588 between Blackpool and Lancaster. The research also found that cashes on England's major highways cost £2.1 billion over a three-year period. The cost of crashes on England's 4,300-mile motorway and major A road network between 2011 and 2013 was calculated by the Road Safety Foundation (RSF) based on a number of factors such as the response from the emergency services, insurance claims and loss of output due to injury.

900million Whatsapp Users Messaging app WhatsApp keeps growing more popular with users each month. The Facebookowned app, which is used by people around the world to send texts without paying carrier fees, now has more than 900 million monthly active users, according to a Facebook post by WhatsApp CEO Jan Koum. The numbers reinforce Facebook’s global dominance over social apps. Founded in 2009, WhatsApp started life as a basic textmessaging app but has recently rolled out new features like voice calling as well as its Web app. “Congrats to Jan, the WhatsApp team and whole community on

reaching 900 million people!”: Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg. The app, which operates on just about every mobile platform, is often used to message abroad for free. While WhatsApp still lacks any sort of business model, Facebook is likely happy to remain patient on that front. Smartphone owners spend more time in messaging apps than any other apps, which makes them valuable real estate. And given Facebook’s ambitions to turn its own Messenger into a tool for commerce, owning the competition outright ensures it stays relevant.

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UAE Confirmed for PSL

Shaheryar A. Chishty

The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) has announced that the Pakistan Super League (PSL) will be held from 4th Feb to 24th February 2016 in Dubai and Sharjah, UAE, during which a total of 24 matches will be played over a 21-day period. Some of the big names who have consented to play the PSL include Kevin Pietersen, Chris Gayle, Kieron Pollard, Andre Russell, Dwayne Bravo, Luke Wright, Shakib al Hassan, Lasith Malinga, Sunil Narine, and Angelo Mathews. Five teams - Quetta, Karachi, Peshawar, Lahore, and Islamabad - will be vying for glory in the first edition of PSL. The teams will comprise the top T20 players from the world with the latest tally of foreign player signing consents standing at an impressive 132. The players will be selected through a draft process in December. "There is a pool of top coaches also from which franchise owners will be able to pick and chose", said Mr Sethi. PSL will offer up to $1 million in prize money. Each franchise will be able to draft players and coaches for the team within a budget of $1 million.

28-Day Target For Cancer Test Results ‘Will Save 11,000 Lives A Year’ A new NHS target to speed up cancer diagnosis times has been announced in a drive to save thousands of lives every year. Patients should be given a definitive diagnosis or the “all clear” within 28 days of a GP referral, says health secretary Jeremy Hunt. The target, which will be introduced from 2020, could help save up to 11,000 lives a year and deliver a step change in patient experience and quality of life. Five hospitals across Britain will pilot the programme before it is rolled out nationally. If the target is met Britain would become one of the first countries in the world to adhere to such a timetable. Some £300 million will be invested to help pay for the training of an additional 200 staff to carry out endoscopies. This will be alongside an extra 250 gastroenterologists the NHS had already committed to train.

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Eid Ul Adha

Overseas Call Centres ‘Biggest Customer Service Gripe’ For Shoppers Overseas call centres are the biggest customer service gripe for British shoppers. Almost half of people (46%) are irritated by call centres based abroad, according to consumer group Which?. More than a third also (36%) dislike automated phone systems and a similar proportion (32%) say being passed around different people when calling a company annoys them. The findings come from the watchdog’s annual customer service survey of 3,500 people regarding 100 major brands. Retailers who offer knowledgeable and friendly staff and speedy service are rated the most highly in the survey.

Eid ul Adha is a merry feast, We commemorate our prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) in the East, Meat is distributed amongst the poor, They wait patiently on the floor, Sweets are gifted to relatives and friends, The excitement carries on till the day ends, Happiness spread across the land, Causing peoples smile to expand, We mustn’t forget the sacrifice on this day, ALLAH wanted it to be this way.

Midlife-MoT Checks ‘Are A Waste Of Money At £450,000 For Each Life Saved’ Health checks offered to hundreds of thousands of people over 40 are ineffective and waste £450 million a year, a report suggests. At best, 1,000 lives a year are saved - equating to £450,000 per life saved, experts from the London School of Economics and the University of Liverpool said. The programme “relies on weak concepts” and “denies strong scientific counter-evidence”, said the researchers, who added: “Health checks have been repeatedly shown to be ineffective.” The NHS Health Check aims to help prevent heart disease, stroke, diabetes, kidney disease and certain types of dementia. People aged 40 to 74 are invited once every five years for a free check at a GP surgery. But the researchers said health workers, services and local authorities were all forced to promote the health checks. The money could be better spent in areas such as child health or promoting healthy food, which could halve early deaths for heart disease, they added.

Aspirin Could Double Cancer Survival

Wayne Rooney Breaks England Scoring Record With His 50th Goal

Adding aspirin to cancer treatment could double patients’ chances of survival, according to a new study. Patients with gastrointestinal tumours who took aspirin after their condition was diagnosed had a 75 per cent chance of surviving after five years compared with 42 per cent who did not use aspirin. Medical research is focusing more and more on ¬personalised medicine, but many personalised treatments are expensive and only useful in small populations. Research shows quite the opposite — it demonstrates the considerable benefit of a cheap, well-established and easily obtainable drug in a larger group of patients. It has been shown that aspirin might help prevent ¬cancer. Attention is switching to its possible role in treatment. One compelling theory for the beneficial effects of aspirin is its antiplatelet effect. Platelets in blood clump ¬together to stop bleeding, but are also thought to clump around ¬tumour cells, hiding them from the ¬immune system. Aspirin can stop the platelets hiding the tumour cells, meaning the immune system can detect them and prevent them spreading to other parts of the body. Patients using aspirin after their diagnosis had a much higher chance of survival in all cancers except pancreatic cancer. Even though aspirin is widely available, it can have serious side-effects like internal bleeding, so cancer patients should not take it without talking to their doctor first.

Wayne Rooney has become England’s all-time leading goal scorer, breaking Sir Bobby Charlton’s record with his 50th strike. The 29-yearold netted the historic goal with a penalty in the Euro 2016 qualifier against Switzerland. The captain had equalled Charlton’s record of 49 against San Marino last month and it looked like he might have to wait to reach the landmark until Raheem Sterling was fouled in the box after 84 minutes. The Manchester United striker punched the air and was surrounded by his teammates after smashing the ball into the roof of the net. Afterwards Rooney made a speech in the dressing room and England boss Roy Hodgson presented him with a number 50 England shirt, signed by the players and staff.

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Wirelessly Powered Brain Implant Could Treat Depression Mr Shumile J. Chishty A wirelessly powered implant the size of a grain of rice can electrically encourage the brain cells of a mice to do what they please. This new mechanism could help scientists better understand and treat metal health disorders such as depression, according to a new study. The human brain is the most powerful computer known, a complicated living electrical circuits. Neuroscientists would like to electrically stimulate the brains of simpler animals as they scurry around, carry out tasks and respond to their surroundings. Tiny, untethered brain-stimulating devices would permit animals to move, behave and react freely during experiments. However, batteries are too heavy and thick to fit into such small devices. Instead, these inventions could be wirelessly powered using magnetic induction, wherein one coil of wire can transmit energy to another coil using magnetic fields. Wireless neural stimulation in mice has been demonstrated many times before in the past, and in many of these systems, the mice could freely move over a large area,” stated study senior author Ada poon, an electrical engineer at

Stanford University in California. Other labs either used bulky devices mounted on the skulls of mice, or used complex arrays of coils paired with sensors to locate the mice and deliver power. “To us that sounded like a lot of work”, Poon told live science. “We were lazy, the laziness led us to be more creative.” Now the researchers have created implantable wirelessly powered brain-stimulating devices by essentially using the mouse’s body to help collect energy “Surprisingly it actually works,” Poon said. “Engineers tend to think of complex solutions, but sometimes if we back off a bit and think out of the box, we might be able to come up with some crazy workable solutions that are simpler. The cylinder shaped device is about 2 millimetres wide, 3mm long, and 20 mm in weight, making it round about 100 times smaller and lighter than previous devices made in the past years. “We like to compare the size with a grain of rice of the slightly thicker sort.” Poon said. The bodies of the mice are not used to absorb energy, the researchers said. Rather the mouse bodies interact with surrounding magnetic fields, helping focus energy like a lens from the transmitter device to the receiver in the implant.

Concerns Over Hajj Safety Raised After Deaths Pilgrims will continue to put themselves at risk following the horrifying crush at the holy city of Makkah that killed more than 700 people, according to British Muslims who are not confident that the tragedy will be properly analysed. The deadliest disaster in 25 years to hit the sacred hajj pilgrimage left at least 719 people dead and 863 injured, according to Saudi Arabian officials, and shocked members of the UK's Muslim community. The Islamic Society of Britain, said it is a tragedy that " people are allowed to die on something which should be spiritual and peaceful". And now we all want answers. People need to know why this happened. There are lots of rumours flying about but at this stage rumours are very unhelpful. The world is waiting for a clear, transparent analysis of what went wrong. But ISB are not confident that an analysis like that will happen


and said it has already turned into a "blame game". Some two million people from across the world take part in the five-day pilgrimage. It is estimated that around 25,000 British nationals headed overseas from the UK to Saudi Arabia for the event, according to Abta, the travel association. Each year pilgrims pay hundreds of thousands of pounds to go on the trip which all believers who can afford it are required to perform once, with people spending between £4,000-£5,000 for a typical pilgrimage. Regardless of the enquiry, the vast majority of pilgrims will carry on to Makkah as the pilgrimage is viewed as an invitation from God to visit his house. Pilgrims will not excuse what happened and they will not suddenly shelve their plans, because the comfort found in the tragedy is that the victims possibly died in the best possible place. Meanwhile, British leaders say pilgrims heading to the hajj must be given safety training. The stampede tragedy came just two weeks after a giant construction crane came crashing down on the Grand Mosque in the Saudi city of Makkah. In 1990 a stampede in a tunnel killed over 1,400 pilgrims. Other fatal incidents have included the death of 244 pilgrims who were crushed in Mina in 2004 while more than 360 pilgrims were killed in a 2006 stampede also at Mina. Saudi authorities deployed about 100,000 security forces this year to oversee crowd management and ensure pilgrims' safety.

Prolonged Sitting As Dangerous For Heart As Smoking For each hour a day that an adult spends sitting down during their lifetime, the likelihood of developing heart disease goes up by 14 percent. Sitting could be as bad as smoking. And if you are involved in a job that requires you to sit for a prolonged period of time, then beware, you may be prone to cardiac ailments. In fact,

sit for long periods of time, enzyme changes occur in our muscles that can lead to increased blood sugar levels. The effects happen very quickly and regular exercise won’t fully protect you. Hence, it is recommended that you get up once an hour from your desk, even if it is just to walk around briefly

inactivity is the fourth biggest killer of adults, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). There have been several clinical records that have proved that sedentary lifestyle is detrimental to the human body. It results in obesity and has been cited as one of the main reasons for cancer as well. This is because a sedentary body goes into a storage mode and stops functioning as effectively as it should. For women over 30 years of age, being a couch potato increases risk of heart-related problems as compared to those smoking or carrying extra weight. Most often, people fail to realise that only daily gym sessions aren’t sufficient to undo the damage caused by sitting for several hours. When we

or go to the bathroom. Some people have even started using treadmill desks at work — anything that contracts our muscles and gets blood flowing. It dampens down inflammation and cuts down the risk of depositing plaque in the coronary arteries. While too much sitting is just as dangerous as smoking — and 30 to 60 minutes of exercise a day is not enough to reverse the effects, the good news is that a mere five minutes of movement every hour prevents health dangers. The moral: Take a walk during lunch or talking on the phone, take the stairs instead of the elevator and use a pedometer to track your daily steps. If you have a sedentary job, do not go home and sit in front of the TV for hours in the night.

IS Air campaign extended The UK will expand the use of surveillance aircraft in Iraq and Syria until 2016, the defence secretary has announced. Michael Fallon was speaking on the one-year anniversary of Operation Shader, the British air campaign against IS. And although Parliament is yet to authorise RAF strikes in Syria - Fallon hinted that the government would still like to extend airstrikes beyond Iraq. "ISIL are in both Iraq and Syria and they don’t recognise the border,“ he said. As part of Operation Shader, RAF Tornado jets and Reaper drones have been striking insurgent targets inside Iraq. Airseeker, Sentinel, Shadow and Sentry aircraft have been flying surveillance missions to provide intelligence to the campaign. According to a new poll carried out by Sky News, almost half of the UK public would support sending British troops into Syria to fight Islamic State. Of those interviewed, 46% of respondents said they would support "boots on the ground”, while 31% were against any such operation.

Encouraging Females Into Science A third of British schoolgirls don’t think they are smart enough to become scientists. That is despite evidence that many girls enjoy and are good at science at school. Figures based on data commissioned by EDF Energy show boys are five times more likely than girls to want to be engineers. In the past three years, the number of women working in scientific and technical roles has increased by 50,000, or 8%. Leading women in science are encouraging more women to follow their example. “There’s absolutely nothing that a man can do in engineering that I can’t,” said chemical engineer Sarah Button. “I chose science and engineering because I wanted to have a positive impact on the world and leave my mark in a really tangible way.”

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Cost Of Everyday Supermarket Items ‘Rises By 8%’ The cost of basic food and nonalcoholic drink in supermarkets may be rising a lot faster than previously thought. A cross-section of everyday items, including tea bags, bananas, potatoes and milk, went up in price by an average of 8% over the past year, according to new figures piloted by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). Other goods were found to have risen even faster in price, with a kilogram of cheddar cheese going up by 15% and a 500g packet of dry spaghetti or pasta by 19%. The new data has the websites of Tesco, Sainsbury’s and Waitrose been compiled using a process called “web every day at 5am, recording the prices for each scraping”. A special computer programme scans of the 35 items in ONS inflation basket.

Royal Riches The Royal family is now wealthier than ever. A Reuters analysis of royal assets shows that the British monarchy has had a bumper few decades by benefiting from a rise in house and land prices. According to an estimate based on the monar-

People Who Sleep Badly ‘Four Times More Likely To Catch A Cold’ A lack of sleep dramatically increases the chances of catching a cold, research has shown. People who sleep six hours or fewer a night are four times more susceptible to colds than those who spend more than seven hours asleep, the study found. Poor sleep in the previous week was associated with a 4.2 times increased risk of developing cold symptoms. Those who slept for less than five hours a night were 4.5 times more likely to start sneezing. Not getting sleep fundamentally affects your physical health. The research found that it didn’t matter how old people were, their stress levels, their race, education or income. It didn’t matter if they were a smoker. With all those things taken into account, statistically sleep still carried the day and it critical to our well being.

chy’s interests in its key investment vehicle, royal estates and its trove of treasures, the Royals have nominal assets worth about £22.8bn. The queen is described as extraordinarily frugal as a person. The most she’s into are a few racehorses. Those riches would not get the British monarchy a spot in the top 10 global rich list headed by Bill Gates. But it would place the family in the top 20 globally. The Royal Collection, the monarchy’s centuries-old store of treasures, is valued at 10 billion pounds by Brand Finance, a consultancy which said it put the monarchy’s overall tangible assets at 20 billion pounds. Estimates exclude the unknown value of splendid royal residences such as Buckingham Palace, Windsor and Balmoral.

iphone 6s Breaks Company’s Sales Record Over First Three Days Apple sold more than 13 million iPhone 6s and 6s Plus smartphones in the first three days of sale - a new record for the technology giant. Queues formed outside Apple Stores around the world when the phones went on sale last month. Apple sold 10 million 6 and 6 Plus smartphones when the models went on sale last year. But sales for iPhone 6s and iPhone 6s Plus have been phenomenal, blowing past any previous first weekend sales results in Apple’s history.

After the launch of the iPhone 6 last year, Apple went on to sell more than 70 million units in three months. The company also posted the largest ever quarterly profit by a public company of £11.8bn. There have been suggestions that - given the high sales figures last year and the modest upgrades to the latest device - demand for the 6s could drop. The new iPhones will launch in 40 more countries on 9 October, and will be available in 130 countries by the end of the year.

‘Travelling Time Is Working Time’ Ruling Will Boost Pay For Tens Of Thousands Tens of thousands of workers in the U.K are in line for a pay boost after judges ruled that time spent travelling to and from first and last appointments of the day should count as working time. Workers without a fixed office or workplace are “carrying out their activity or duties over the whole duration of those journeys”, the European Court of Justice has ruled. Trade unions believe the judgment, which takes effect immediately, could be a big boost particularly for tens of thousands of lowpaid home care workers whose costs for commuting to their clients’ homes are not covered.


Tens of thousands of home care workers are not even getting the minimum wage because their employers fail to pay them for the time they spend travelling between the homes of all the people they care for. The ruling was made in a case brought by a Spanish trade union against Tyco, a multinational fire and security company whose workers often face three-hour journeys to their first appointments. The court ruled that the workers were under the control of their bosses while on the road. This decision is bound to have a significant impact in the UK and the government must ensure it is funded for workers in the public sector. Business leaders have also called on ministers to come up with a firm definition of what counts as a regular place of work. “During the necessary travelling time - which generally cannot be shortened - the workers are therefore not able to use their time freely and pursue their own interests”: European Court ruling.

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positives from pakistan Pakistani Activist Syeda Ghulam Fatima Receives Global Citizen Award

Pakistani rights activist Syeda Ghulam Fatima was honored with a Global Citizen award for Leadership in Civil Society, during the Clinton Global Citizen award ceremony in New York last month. Fatima, known for her work towards ending

bonded labour in Pakistan's brick kilns, was further catapulted into the global limelight, when photographer Brandon Stanton of Humans of New York (HONY) came to Pakistan this summer. He helped her raise $2.3 million for her organization Bonded Labour Liberation Front Pakistan. A statement from the Clinton Foundation said, Fatima was honored for driving a proactive approach toward policy in Pakistan and advocating for core labor standards in Pakistan. The Ninth Annual Clinton Global Citizen Awards honored outstanding individuals from across the world for their leadership and groundbreaking work that has effected positive, lasting social change around the world in the areas of healthcare, poverty, economic empowerment, legal aid, and women's leadership.

Kulsoom Abdullah World’s First Hijab-Wearing Weightlifter Kulsoom Abdullah, Pakistani-American, has been weightlifting at both national and international level since 2010, but what is most interesting about her is that the lady is always sighted with hijab even though lifting enormous weights. Born and bred in the US, Abdullah’s parents (born in Pakistan; her father from Tangi and her mother from Charsadda) immigrated to America years ago, before her birth. In 2005, her father passed away in Pakistan, leaving behind his wife and five children – of which Kulsoom Abdullah is the eldest. She is a computer engineer by profession, with a PhD from the Georgia Institute of Technology. She took up the sport to get strong. But she faced hurdles when the U.S. weight-lifting organization wouldn’t accept the long-sleeve shirts, pants and hijab she wore in lieu of a singlet. She learned that as a private organization, it could do that. But after she issued a press release saying

she couldn’t compete as a Muslim woman, the weight lifting federation allowed her to represent Pakistan in international competition. Kulsoom Abdullah has participated in the ‘US National Competition’ in 2011, while in the same year she represented Pakistan (at the international level) at the ‘2011 World Weightlifting Championships’. For the latter, Abdullah was not only the first female to compete, but she was also the first female to compete in hijab. Abdullah represented Pakistan in South Korea, at the ‘2012 Asian Weightlifting Championships’. However, in 2010 after qualifying to compete at the American Open, the USA Weightlifting Committee barred Abdullah from contending in the competition due to her clothing – clothing modifications were simply not allowed. Participants had to adhere to wearing a ‘singlet’ – particular clothing for athletes that looks like a swimsuit with shorts.

Pride Of Pakistan Described as a living saint and the pride of Pakistan,Abdul Sattar Edhi has made his mark around the world for his ultimate humanitarian selflessness. His story and approach is simple but 60 years on his commitment have not wavered. His admirers continue to campaign for Edhi to be recognised as a worldwide pesonality and be given the Nobel Peace Prize in recognition for his work. Abdul Sattar Edhi is a prominent philanthropist and social worker based out of Karachi, Pakistan. He was born in 1928, in the city of Bantva in what is now western India. Mr. Edhi's first interaction with human suffering occurred at the age of eleven, when his mother was physically paralyzed and later suffered from mental illness. Mr. Edhi spent his waking hours caring for her, and her worsening health and eventual death left a lasting impact on his life. In 1947, at the age of 19, Mr. Edhi's family was forced to flee their hometown and relocate to Karachi. Finding himself in a new city without any resources, Mr. Edhi resolved to dedicate his life to aiding the poor, and over the last sixty years, he has single handedly changed the face of welfare in Pakistan. Mr. Edhi began his philanthropic career in 1951, by purchasing a small shop, which he converted into his first free dispensary. He collected funds by standing on street corners and begging for money, which he later used to purchase his first ambulance. Armed with basic medical training, Mr. Edhi drove around the streets of Karachi administering free basic health care to anybody who needed it, and earned a reputation for being a selfless aid to the injured and unwell. Soon thereafter, Mr Edhi founded the Edhi Trust and Foundation, with an initial sum of a mere five thousand rupees. Regarded as a guardian for the poor, Mr. Edhi began receiving numerous donations, which allowed him to expand his services; he opened a maternity center and a nursing school. As his funding increased, Mr. Edhi expanded his networks of clinics, opened adoptions centers, soup kitchens and shelters for children and battered women. To this day, the Edhi Foundation continues to grow in both size and service, and is currently the largest welfare organization in Pakistan. Since its inception, the Edhi Foundation has rescued over 20,000 abandoned infants, rehabilitated over 50,000 orphans and has trained over 40,000 nurses. It also runs over three hundred and thirty welfare centers in rural and urban Pakistan which operate as food kitchens, rehabilitation homes, shelters for aban-

Meet Shamim Akhtar Meet Shamim Akhtar – Pakistan’s first female truck driving instructor who gives driving lessons to aspiring men drivers for tractors, trailers and trucks. 53-year-old Begum Shamim not only can drive heavy trucks for living but also cleared the tough driving test for Metro Bus service. She enjoys the honor of being the country’s first woman to possess a public service vehicle (PSV) license. Her tale is that of courage and determination as she never gave up in the face of financial difficulties and learnt how to drive heavy vehicles after the retirement of her husband as a gardener in


doned women and children and clinics for the mentally handicapped. The Edhi Foundation is also the leading source of emergency medical assistance in Pakistan with the world's largest fleet of over eighteen hundred ambulances, twenty eight rescue boats and two airplanes. Additionally, they also run twenty-four hour medical dispensaries, a missing persons hot line and own the largest morgue in Pakistan. The Edhi Foundation has also worked extensively in international relief, including donating to victims of Hurricane Katrina, cyclone relief in Bangladesh, aid to tsunami-impacted regions in 2003 and ambulance services in Afghanistan. The Edhi foundation has centers in the United States, Japan, the United Arab Emirates, Canada and the United Kingdom. Yet Mr. Edhi has remained a simple and humble man. To this day, he owns two pairs of clothes, has never taken a salary from his organization and lives in a small two bedroom apartment over his clinic in Karachi. Due to his unassuming nature and immense contribution to the well being of his fellow citizens, Mr. Edhi has become a folk hero for many Pakistanis. The people of Pakistan are indebted to him for his unwavering commitment to the social welfare of Pakistani's and share in his vision for a brighter future for our country. Mr. Edhi is a living testament to the innumerable good that can come out of one mans vision and dedication to achieving a better life for his fellow citizens. Several national and international awards have already recognized Edhi’s contributions and humanitarian activism but the activists believe that by not recognizing his contributions, the Nobel prize has failed essentially everyone whose lives are touched by Edhi’s activism. Human rights advocates have called for Edhi’s nomination for the peace prize for years and whether he gets nominated this year or not is yet to be seen. Anybody can nominate and vote online for Mr Edhi. Edhi, 87, has maintained that he is least bothered by the awards and that he will continue to focus on the work he does regardless of recognitions.

the ministry of industries and production in 2013. Begum Akhtar has also succeeded in providing basic education to her three daughters before bearing all expenses of their weddings. She is currently running a low-key driving school in the federal capital and finding it difficult to make both ends meet. She has demanded of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Chief Minister Punjab Shahbaz Sharif to provide her a job where she can apply her skills. Begum Akhtar gives a lot of credit for her achievements to Islamabad Traffic Police department.

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LEGAL UPDATES - Changes in Immigration Law Mohammed Nazir

Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: nazir@wosskowbrown.co.uk

Changes in Immigration Law Pakistan

It will benefit sponsors of people applying from Pakistan to settle in the UK. It will mean that they will be able to submit supporting documents within the UK, rather than having to ship them to abroad.

The GWF reference number should be marked clearly on both the outside of the envelope and Any documentation that is sent to Islamabad durat the top right hand corner of enclosed docu- ing the transition period will be forward on to Sheffield. ments.

What will happen to my passport? Visas and Decision Notices will be returned to the customer via Gerry’s as normal along with the Your passport will remain at the British High passport. The supporting documents will be re- Commission, Islamabad whilst everything is processed.. turned to the sponsor here in the UK.

Will it take longer for my visa to be processed? No, visa applications will continue to be worked on over the 60 working days for a settlement application. If there is an issue with an application, then you will be notified in writing.

Applications will continue to be dealt with within What does my sponsor need to do? 60 working days for settlement applications. All the supporting evidence that your spon- Source: www.gov.uk From 6 July 2015, there was a change to the proc- Where should I send my supporting docu- sor wishes to submit to support the application should be sent direct to Sheffield office. ess for submitting documents to support settle- ments? ment visa applications made in Pakistan. The address for supporting evidence to be sent What will happen to my documents? Passports are now submitted at the Visa Applica- to: Supporting documents will be returned directly tion Centre, but all supporting evidence should Settlement applications from the Sheffield visa section to the sponsor in be sent to UKVI in Sheffield (UK) by the sponsor/ International Operations and Visas the UK. 6 Millsands, Vulcan House applicant. Sheffield My sponsor sent my documents to IslamThe change has been introduced by UK Visas and S3 8NH abad, will I get refused? Immigration to continually improve their service. United Kingdom

New Mosque In Russian Capital Russian President Vladimir Putin has opened one of the biggest mosques in Europe. Turkish leader Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas were the guests of honour at the unveiling of the 20,000-square metre mosque in the Russian capital Moscow. “This mosque will become an extremely important spiritual centre for Muslims in Moscow and the whole Russia,” Putin said in a televised speech. “It will be a source for education, spreading humanist ideas and the true values of Islam.” The turquoise-domed mosque can host over 10,000 worshippers and is one of the largest in the country that will help to serve Russia’s estimated 20 million Muslims. The $170 million (150 million-euro) project, which took a decade to complete, caused controversy over the destruction of an earlier mosque that stood on the site.

Salman Khan confirms ‘Bigg Boss 9’ will be his last

Salman Khan has admitted that despite just saying numerous times in the past, this season of hit reality show ‘Bigg Boss’ will be his final as host. The star has already been linked to Colors’ new reality show ‘Farm’, which is expected to air from next year. So with Khan hosting ‘Bigg Boss’ for the last time, it remains to be seen how special he makes it and what tricks he has up his sleeves this time around. ‘Bigg Boss 9’ launches on 11th October on Colors.


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The Impact of Humans of New York on Pakistan about his grandchild: “He’s my only grandchild. Every time he does anything, I enjoy it. The other day he pulled the TV set. I didn’t even mind.” And just like that our own heartstrings are pulled, it’s the unconditional love that we appeal to and relate to. He photographed a man and his daughter in Karachi, who said: “I take her everywhere I go,” dispelling the stereotype that it’s all about sons in the East. If former female leaders are anything to go by, in Pakistan, daughters are of some worth too. Feminist Ideals Brandon managed to interview many women who had great career ambitions in mind. He found more women were yearning to dictate their own futures, and live life on their own terms. On August 6th Stanton interviewed a young girl who said: “I want to have my own career. I don’t want to depend on anyone else.” As empowering as that sounds, the girl also admits that this notion still isn’t accepted in society. “But … if you want to do some things on your own, [society] expect you to do everything on your own. And that’s difficult. Because wanting to be independent doesn’t mean I want to be alone.” But Stanton clearly wanted to highlight that Pakistani women are clearly fighting for their rights.

Real stories about real people. That’s how photographer Brandon Stanton’s on-going project, Humans of New York (HONY) has become such a global phenomenon. In a recent trip to Pakistan, the photographer has been able to single handedly reinvent the country’s negative image through by talking to real, ordinary people and relating their stories to the world through social media. Brandon began his feel-good HONY project in 2010, where he began photographing the inhabitants of NYC. After he started to gain popularity, Brandon took HONY on the road, branching out to other areas. Now, HONY enjoys over 10 million followers on social media, providing its global audience a chance to connect with something they probably wouldn’t see through the comfort of their television. His recent trip to Pakistan shows exactly how extraordi- Social Issues nary any country can be, and how widely the portrayal ‘Fathers and daughters’ is a common thread in Stanof Pakistan by media creates false expectations in peo- ton’s pictures. Whilst staying in Lahore, Stanton phople’s minds. Brandon wanted to highlight the social issues that many Pakistanis face but to also promote the country and it’s people in a positive light. What began with just a simple photographic experiment has expanded into a beautiful journey to expose the simple truth about where people come from. Heart-warming Familial relationships and unity are the stronghold of many who live here, and friendships are cherished. On August 10, Stanton photographed a man who gushed


tographed a man whose daughter had recently began school. The father had never been educated himself: “She comes home and tells me exactly what happened, everyday. I love it. If I’m not home for a few days, she’ll save up all her stories, then tell them to me all at once.” Issues of love and arranged marriage are also hinted at. One man and woman in Lahore told Stanton: “Our friends are trying to set us up.” Traditionally, men and women aren’t supposed to have any sort of contact un-

til marriage, so to be able to date and be set up is completely contemporary. It’s refreshing to see that times are changing, and that even in some areas of Pakistan, there is freedom to choose your life partner yourself. It gives a fresh insight on how modern Pakistani people are becoming. On August 3rd, Stanton photographed a man who was the sole breadwinner of the family. He has two brothers, one of which can’t walk and the other has a brain tumour. He told Brandon: “One brother needs me to be his legs. And the other needs to be his mind. My father is too old to work, so I support us all on a soldier’s salary.” In Hunza Valley, Brandon also came across a man who was born paralysed from the waist down but he was joyous and gloated about never being treated any differently due to his disability: “This community is so tolerant that I never had to worry about fitting in. I only had to focus on improving myself. Everyone treated me as normal.”

The hidden beauty of Pakistan is never given the spotlight. It is only the most scandalous stories that make it to the news. As Brandon explains: “When there’s only room in the newspaper for a single column about Pakistan, it’s going to be filled with the most compelling story. And unfortunately, that tends to be the most violent story.” And he explains that where it’s necessary to expose those stories however because they alert about the new threats: “But when those stories are all that we hear, it’s so easy to imagine a world that’s far scarier than it really is.” And it’s the fear of unknown that terrifies people the most. What Brandon has done is to highlight that while, yes, terrible things do happen, Pakistan is full to the brim of good, peaceful people. It is both baffling and sad that it takes a non-Pakistani to open the eyes of people around the globe about the true beauty of Pakistan and it’s people. A Facebook user from India was grateful of Brandon regarding his Pakistani posts: “Your posts are better than ever…being raised in India, the only thing our media shows about Pakistan is terrorism… “Glad your posts reflects the true hidden colours of Pakistan..#Fromindia.” It is clear while Pakistan still has a long way to go in terms of promoting its positive image, there are some out there who are willing to change our narrow minded dogmas and perspectives picture by picture.

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Palestinian Flag Raised At United Nations Your Burngreave Ward Councillors

Cllr Jackie Drayton 0114 2435388

Cllr Ibrar Hussain 0786 657 1750

Lord Mayor of Sheffield Cllr Talib Hussain 0114 2735588


Burngreave surgeries are shared between Councillors Jackie Drayton, Ibrar Hussain and Talib Hussain and are held at:• Burngreave Library, Spital Hill 2nd Saturday of the month from 11.00 a.m. -12.00 noon • Pakistan Advice Centre, 127 Page Hall Road 3rd Thursday of the month 2.00-3.00 p.m. There are no surgeries during August. A surgery is also held on 1st and 3rd Thursdays of the month (except August) from 10.00 to 11.00 a.m. at Firth Park Advice Centre, 9 Stubbin Lane. (These surgeries are shared on a rota basis with Cllrs, Peter Price, Peter Rippon, Sioned-Mair Richards and Jackie Drayton. Councillors Alan Law and Chris Weldon also share the surgery on the 1st Thursday).

NEW CARRIER BAG CHARGES BOOST FOR ENVIRONMENT A new charge for single-use carrier bags comes into force on 5th October. The introduction of the fees in England is part of the Government’s policy to reduce waste and the litter associated with plastic bags by encouraging people to re-use bags. In 2014 over 7.6 billion single-use plastic bags were given to customers by major supermarkets in England. That’s something like 140 bags per person - equivalent to 61,000 tonnes in total. Despite research showing that the average household already has 40 plastic bags around the home, the number of plastic bags taken from supermarkets increased for the fifth year running in 2014. A significant reduction in the use of single-use plastic carrier bags is expected as a direct result of the charge – possibly by as much as 80 per cent in supermarkets and 50 per cent on the high street. Similar five pence charges are already in place across Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The scheme in Wales saw a reduction in plastic bag consumption of 79 per cent in its first three years. It is estimated that over the next 10 years the benefits of the scheme will result in an expected overall benefit of over £780 million to the UK economy and up to £730 million raised


for good causes It is hoped that the new plastic bag fees are will lead to £60 million savings in litter clean-up costs and carbon savings of around £13 million. The money from the charge will not go to the government. Retailers are expected to donate the proceeds of the scheme to good causes, but it is for them to choose what to do, and which causes to support. Retailers will need to report to Government about what they do with the money from the charge, and this information will be published each year.

The Palestinian flag was raised for the first time at the United Nations in what the Palestinian leader says was "a most emotional and proud day". Earlier last month, the UN General Assembly passed a motion to raise the Palestinian and Vatican flags. Israel criticised the move and voted against it, along with the United States and six other countries. The Israeli and Palestinian leaders will speak before the UN this week. "The sense of pride among the Palestinian people was overwhelming the day the world voted in favour of this landmark initiative," Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas wrote in the Huffington Post. "I am certain that the day our flag rises among the flags of the community of nations will also be a most emotional and proud day." He also called for a multilateral solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, adding: "The UN must give my people more than hope." The motion was passed by 119 votes, but 45 countries abstained from the vote. At the time, Israel's permanent

representative to the UN, Ron Prosor, said the move was a "blatant attempt to hijack the UN". He insisted that the only way Palestinians could achieve statehood was through direct negotiations. In 2012, the UN General Assembly voted to upgrade the status of the Palestinians to that of a "non-member observer state" - the same position that the Vatican holds. It followed a failed bid to join the international body as a full member state in 2011 because of a lack of support in the UN Security Council.

Labour Leader Ditches New and Old Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn formally launched his version of the party through a policy speech at the annual party conference at Brighton. The newly elected Labour leader in his first conference speech outlined his strategy to create a “better society” through a “kinder, more inclusive politics.” Mr Corbyn, who said he would be “unapologetic” about opposing austerity, attempted to ditch the “Old” and “New Labour” tags by re-casting the party as as the “Modern Left Movement”. The Labour leader said the economy of the future depends on the investment the country make today in infrastructure, skills, and schools. Corbyn challenged the Tory stance on refugees and said the country should do more to welcome the refugees. “My first public engagement as Labour leader came within an hour of being elected,” Corbyn said. “I was proud to speak at the ‘Refugees Welcome’ rally in London. I wanted to send out a message of the kinder politics we are pursuing and a caring society we want to achieve. I have been inspired by people across our country. Making collections for the refugees in Calais. Donating to charities. The work of Citizens UK to involve whole communities in this effort. These refugees are the victims of war – many the victims of the brutal conflict in Syria. It is a huge crisis, the worst humanitarian crisis in Europe since the Second World War. And globally it’s

the biggest refugee crisis there has ever been. But the scale of the response from the government, Europe and the international community isn’t enough. Corbyn challenged the Conservative allegation of threat to national security. “The best way to protect the British people against the threats we face to our safety at home and abroad is to work to resolve conflict,” Corbyn said. “That isn’t easy, but it is unavoidable if we want real security. Our British values are internationalist and universal. They are not limited by borders. “Britain does need strong, modern military and security forces to keep us safe. And to take a lead in humanitarian and peace keeping missions – working with and strengthening the United Nations. On my first day in Parliament as Labour leader it was a privilege to meet the soldiers and medics who did such remarkable work in tackling the Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone. There is no contradiction between working for peace across the world and doing what is necessary to keep us safe. “Today we face very different threats from the time of the Cold War which ended thirty years ago. That’s why I have asked our shadow defence secretary, Maria Eagle, to lead a debate and review about how we deliver that strong, modern effective protection for the people of Britain. “Young people and older people are fizzing with ideas. Let’s give them the space for that fizz to explode into the joy we want of a better society,” Corbyn told the conference. The speech was wellreceived but light on policies. The only new announcement was that he would extend paternity leave and sick pay to the selfemployed if he swept to power, but he also underlined previously announced plans for 100,000 new council and housing association homes a year.

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Gen Sharif Arrives In Britain Chief of Army Staff General Raheel Sharif ar- by the top British government officials and the rived in Britain on a three-day official visit on high military command. The army chief was 30th September. He was received at the airport scheduled to hold meetings on security issues. General Sharif met Chief of Defence Staff of the British Armed Forces General Sir Nicholas Houghton. Diverse issues ranging from matters of mutual interest, regional security to defence co-operation were discussed. Earlier, the army chief addressed CENTCOM Asia Security Conference in Munich, Germany. He was of the view that a peaceful Afghanistan can open up regional connectivity but the constant instability in Afghanistan had telling effects on the region.

National Campaign For Quiting Stoptober is here – back for its third year the campaign urges people to smile instead of smoke and ‘quit’ through October. Research has shown that if you quit for four weeks you are more likely to stop for good. Stick to the pledge and there’s a good chance you will stop altogether. Cllr Mazher Iqbal, Cabinet Member for Communities and Public Health, said: “Stoptober is perfect for motivating people who have wanted to quit for a while and just haven’t found the right time. “Anyone who is up for the challenge will get plenty of help both nationally and from Yorkshire Smokefree in Sheffield, which launched a new service this month offering people more options to quit their way.” Yorkshire Smokefree in Sheffield say: “Our tailored support means you can find a way of quit-

ting that suits you. Having our online support available 24/7, convenient and local face to face support, and our friendly advisors on the end of the phone seven days a week means you’re more likely to quit with our continued and accessible advice. “Giving up smoking benefits your life in so many ways – from improving your health to leaving you with a bit of extra money each month to do the things you enjoy. If you’re thinking about quitting for Stoptober, contact us and we can help you quit for good.” You can visit the website www.yorkshiresmokefree.nhs.uk or call 0800 6120011 (free from landlines) or 0330 660 1166 (free from most mobiles) for more information. To pledge your 28 days smokefree for Stoptober visit www.nhs.uk/smokefree

Jamaica Seeks Compensation For Slavery

Jamaica is asking Britain to pay billions of pounds in reparations for slavery. A senior Jamaican official has urged Britain to compensate for the slavery in the country during the Empire. Bert Samuels, from the National Commission On Reparations in Jamaica, said: “Prime Minister Cameron, his lineage has been traced that his forefathers were slave owners and benefited from slaves. “He knows his history and therefore he needs to be told to apologise personally and on behalf of his family.” He added: “The planters lobbied the British Parliament that they were not prepared to put away slavery without compensation and they got a big percentage of the budget out of the English Parliament and we were left behind – we were left behind because of racism.” Cameron is on a two-day’s trip to the country and he announced a package of £300 million in UK aid for infrastructure in the Caribbean. The Government has also said it will provide £25m to-

wards a new jail in Jamaica, as part of a scheme to return home more than 300 prisoners serving time in the UK. Downing Street said the prime minister does not believe reparations or apologies for slavery are the right approach, but the issue is set to overshadow his trade trip to the island, where he will address the Jamaican parliament. The Caricom Reparations Commission, has led calls for Cameron to start talks on making amends for slavery and referenced the prime minister’s ancestral links to the trade in the 1700s through his cousin six times removed, General Sir James Duff. Jamaica’s prime minister Portia Simpson Miller called for non-confrontational discussions at the UN in 2013, but Britain has never accepted the case for any compensation payments. When Britain abolished slavery in 1834, Jamaica had more than 300,000 slaves compared to less than 17,000 whites.

Shaker Aamer to be freed The US government has announced it will release Shaker Aamer, the last British resident detained in Guantanamo Bay. He has been held without charge since 2001. Shaker went to Afghanistan to work for an Islamic charity in 2001, and was there when the US invaded. US forces rendered him to Guantanamo Bay claiming he had been fighting for Al Qaida. The US admitted in 2007 it had no evidence against him, but said it would release him to Saudi Arabia where he was born, not Britain where he lives with his family.


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Importing Gram Daal! Dr A Q Khan connection with the forthcoming local bodies elections.

The news that Pakistan was going to import 50,000 tons of daal channa drew my attention. We, an agricultural country with vast tracts of uncultivated land and an abundance of water, importing daal? But first the cowardly terrorist attack on the PAF Colony at Badaber, Peshawar. This barbarous attack has once again shown that terrorists can hardly be called human, let alone Muslims. Human life means nothing to them. Thanks to the bravery of air force and army personnel, an even bigger tragedy was averted. Still, 29 innocent people lost their lives, mostly in the mosque during prayers. May Allah Almighty shower His blessing on the departed souls – Ameen.

Almost 80 percent of the world population is engaged in agriculture. The developed countries have a very well-planned infrastructure for the preparation and cultivation of crops, storage, use of proper fertilizers to minimise dangerous side effects, etc. Even though fewer people depend on agriculture in those countries, their expenditure on it is relatively high. This is done to ensure good and clean food and water. We badly lack initiative and infrastructure in this field. Our nation faces two serious problems – a fast-growing population and the use of fertile land for housing schemes, thus destroying millions of acres of arable land. We must tackle these problems on a war footing or face dire consequences.

Being well aware of the corrupt and inefficient system in vogue in the country, I had suggested that the army chief utilise his efficient and organised manpower for the development of the country and the welfare of its people. In this connection I would like to mention the large tracts of The armed forces and the public should join land between Islamabad and Lahore that consist hands in hunting down all terrorists once and for of unused, soft land which has been rendered all. Imran Khan and Pervez Khattak should put useless due to heavy rains and erosion. their house in order instead of wasting all their If the government provided some heavy duty time and energy on politics. machinery to the army and levelled the land in Now back to daal. Pakistan is an agricultural coun- question without any cost to the owners, it would try and it accounts for about 25 percent of our immediately become ready for cultivation – benGDP. About half of our labour force is engaged eficial both to farmers and the government. We in this important sector. Due to irregular rainfall, must be proactive, not reactive only. Foresight is most agriculture is dependent on water supplied the need of the day – foresight to see what can through almost 40,000 miles of irrigation canals – be done rather than sitting by helplessly. Didn’t the longest in the world. Wheat is the main crop, Almighty Allah tell us that we get only what we followed by rice, millet, maize, pulses, barley, strive for? fruits, vegetables, Basmati rice and cotton.

The agricultural sector plays an important part in the economy, not only by providing food for the people, but also by earning almost 75 percent of the foreign exchange earned from exports. About half the working population is employed in agriculture, thus providing livelihoods for the rural population and raw materials for many industries. How ironic is it then that we need to import channa daal. We have large tracts of so-called non-fertile, sandy land, ideally suited for peanut and gram cultivation. The government should encourage farmers and help them to utilise this unused land with the available manpower. This can be done if the problem is tackled seriously.

After the Indian nuclear explosion there was no doubt in my mind that our very existence and sovereignty was in jeopardy. I did not hesitate to offer my services and, by the end of 1975 we moved to Pakistan without asking for any special favours.

There were many intrigues, but we stuck it out for the sake of the country. It took six months before I received my first salary – Rs3,000. Then, after giving it our all for 25 years and after my patriotic colleagues and I had made this country into a formidable nuclear and missile power, I retired with a monthly pension of Rs446. I did not ask for, or accept, a single yard of land or any other favour. The technology I gave to Pakistan free-ofLebanon’s late famous philosopher/poet, Gibran cost was worth billions of dollars. Money was not Khalil Gibran, the third-most best selling poet of the motivation, patriotism was. all times (behind Shakespeare and Laozi), porWhat I would like to emphasise here is that it is trayed people like us with these words: time to act, not sit and daydream. Dreams alone “Pity the nation that is full of beliefs and empty of achieve nothing. One needs foresight and hard religion./Pity the nation that wears cloth it does work to achieve goals. Dying for one’s country is not weave,/eats bread it does not harvest,/drinks the supreme sacrifice but making one’s country strong so one can live honestly and peacefully is wine that flows not from its own wine press. a real service. Bragging and boasting about brav“Pity the nation that acclaims the bully as hero/ ery is of no use without practical and immediate that deems the glittering conqueror bountiful./ action. Pity the nation that raises not its voice save when it wakes in a funeral,/boasts not except among its ruins/and will rebel not save when its neck is laid between the sword and the block.” If we read ‘curse’ instead of ‘pity’, ‘dictator’ for ‘bully’ and ‘medals and badges’ for ‘glittering conqueror’, we have a true picture of our country. The PM recently announced an attractive package for farmers. If honestly implemented, it can go a long way to help them. However, some critics are calling it a gimmick to cheat farmers in


SMOKING BAN IN CARS WITH YOUNGSTERS TAKES EFFECT Drivers who flout a new ban on smoking in cars containing children are unlikely to be fined during an initial grace period, say police. Under legislation that came into effect on 1so October, the driver and smoker in a vehicle containing someone under 18 each face a fixed penalty of £50. Concerns have been raised about how practical it will be to enforce the law, and an RAC survey found that nine in 10 drivers believe it will not be enforced. The National Police Chiefs Council said it would be taking a “non-confrontational” approach for the first three months. This would see people being given warnings rather than being issued with fines, which would give time for public awareness of the offences to build. This is based on experience of implementing the current smoke-free legislation and the Department of Health’s proposal that this approach should be adopted for a minimum of three months to help build a high level of compliance. The grace period follows a precedent established with previous legislation such as the ban on using a mobile phone when driving, which was introduced on 1 December 2003 but not punished with penalties until 1 March the following year. The government says surveys suggest about a third of UK children – 3 million – are exposed to smoke in vehicles. Officials believe about 200 children a week visit GPs because of the effect

of secondhand smoke in cars. A DoH spokeswoman said the change in law was as much about fostering a culture change as enforcement. “Our guidance is clear that police and local authorities can issue fines if they see fit, but we also know that warnings and educating the public are often a highly effective way to reduce the harm from tobacco. “Ultimately, we

want to ensure that people know the dangers of smoking in cars with children, underpinned by a new law.” RAC spokesman Simon Williams said that while a grace period was normal, “it is hard to see how people flouting the law are going to be caught. “The new ban joins a raft of other laws that have been introduced in recent years such as making it illegal to undertake or hog the middle lane of a motorway. But without sufficient enforcement there is a real danger that these laws will quickly be forgotten by a large proportion of the motoring population.”

University Of Sheffield Opens New £81 Million Diamond Building The building, which will be home to engineering undergraduates, has an aluminium diamond shaped facade exterior. It stands at the heart of the University campus as a major investment in learning and teaching. Students at the University of Sheffield are en-

joying lectures in the University’s new £81m Diamond building after it opened its doors late September. Inside, the six-storey Diamond boasts specialist teaching facilities including a range of lecture theatres, seminar rooms, open-plan learning spaces, library and IT services, and space for informal study including a cafe. The building’s 19 laboratories will offer students more practical learning opportunities with a chemical engineering pilot plant, a clean room, an aerospace simulation lab and a virtual reality suite. The Diamond’s computing area offers 1,000 study spaces available 24/7 for staff and students across the University. There are also digital and print facilities, media editing booths, a recording studio and computer teaching laboratories.

CINEWORLD TO LAUNCH 4DX SCREEN IN SHEFFIELD The advent of 3D and IMAX cinema may have changed the way film fans watch the latest blockbuster but it seems a 4D experience is just around the corner for Sheffield. Cineworld is introducing 4Dx with the seats moving, there’s the smell and water pouring over you. Around the world it is very popular among movie makers. The screen has already been launched in Milton Keynes and Sheffield will become the second place in the UK to launch the screen. The new screen will open in Sheffield from October 22, The new Sheffield 4DX will include the brand with details of the first film being shown yet to new ‘rainstorm’ effect designed to bring to life be confirmed. on-screen inclement weather simulations.

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Star Plus To Air Pakistani Drama For First Time

Eid invitation to Sheffield Town Hall. Lord Mayor of Sheffield, Cllr Talib Hussain hosted a small tea party in the Lord Mayors Parlour in Sheffield Town Hall. Photo by Haider Chishty

Star Plus UK will be broadcasting its first Pakistani drama this month. The show, which has been acquired from A Plus in Pakistan is called ‘Mera Naam Yousuf Hai’. It is said to be loosely based on the story of Yusuf and Zulaikha by Jami in his book Haft Awrang. The show stars Imran Abbas, Maya Ali, Waseem Abbas and Hina Bayat. ‘Mera Naam Yousuf Hai’ was aired in Pakistan earlier this year and did well in the ratings. This is the first time Star Plus UK will broadcast a Pakistani drama to capture audiences that may have defected to the growing number of Pakistani channels. Previously, Colors, Rishtey and ZEE TV have all broadcast Pakistani shows and have done well. ‘Mera Naam Yousuf Hai’ launches on Sunday 18th October at 21:30. It will air weekly.

Claims for EU Flight Delays

Certificate of Appreciation being presented to Maryam Rauf, writer for Ilm News. Maryam, a Mass Communications Graduate from Islamabad has contributed her insights on social issues to the newspaper for the past year. With her is her husband, professional cricket player Zohaib Ahmed.

A court ruling means airlines should face less wriggle room in the majority of compensation claims for flight delays. Thousands of air passengers who were refused compensation by airlines because a plane had an "extraordinary" technical fault could benefit from a court ruling. Consumer groups and lawyers hailed a ruling by the European Court of Justice in the case of a Dutch woman, whose efforts to claim money from KLM for a flight delay of 29 hours were rebuffed by the airline. The decision sought to clarify what constituted "extraordinary circumstances" following a string of faults with the plane. KLM argued that spontaneous technical issues meant

passengers were not entitled to cash but the court said "problems may be classified as 'extraordinary' only if they relate to an event which is not inherent in the normal exercise of the activity of the air carrier concerned." The ruling, which applies EU-wide, matches a judgment by the UK's Supreme Court last year. The law allows each passenger on a EU flight to claim up to €600 (£437) if an aircraft is delayed by at least three hours, or cancelled. The law is and was already clear - that you are allowed to claim for a flight delay if it was a technical fault and only in genuinely extraordinary circumstances is there an exemption. The problem is

that even now it has been cleared up by the Supreme Court in the UK and the European Court of Justice, some airlines will continue to try and find excuses to not pay people. A law firm specialising in flight delay claims, Bott & Co, told Sky News that approximately 15,000 of its clients stood to benefit from the latest ruling. It added that it expected to achieve compensation for them worth more than £4.5m. Airlines lose about 21.8 million bags a year, affecting about seven in every 1,000 passengers. It is half the figure in 2007 when the problem cost them £2.6bn a year.

UN: Seventy years of changing the world "The UN was not created to take mankind to heaven, but to save humanity from hell." So often repeated are the words of the Swedish diplomat Dag Hammarskjold, the organisation's most beloved secretary general, they have come to serve as a mission statement of sorts. Additionally, they function as a crude benchmark against which the work of the United Nations can be judged. When the organisation was formed in 1945, in the aftermath of World War Two and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, "hell" would have been the outbreak of a third global conflict and nuclear Armageddon, neither of which has come to pass. Ghastly failures But in those post-War years, as the full horror of the Holocaust was uncovered, "hell" also meant genocide, a word which had only just been coined: the systematic massacre of thousands of people because of their ethnicity, religion, race or nationality. Here, the UN has not always been able to halt the descent into the abyss. To its member states' eternal shame, on some occasions it has been a bystander to genocide. In any historical ledger, Rwanda and Srebrenica stand out as ghastly failures. During the Rwanda genocide, UN peacekeepers deployed in the country concentrated on evacuating ex-

patriates and government officials, failing to intervene as 800,000 Tutsis and sympathetic Hutus were slaughtered. In Srebrenica in July 1995, more than 8,000 Muslims, mainly men and boys, were massacred by Bosnian Serb forces, which barged past Dutch soldiers wearing the distinctive blue helmet of the UN peacekeepers as if they weren't there. What made the massacre all the more horrifying was that the Muslims had sheltered in enclaves deemed "safe areas" under the protections of the UN. In some conflicts, such as Yugoslavia, the UN was slow to respond. In others, such as Vietnam and the Iraq war, it was sidelined. Its efforts to broker peace talks during Syria's five-year civil war have always ended in failure. Now, a third UN envoy, the Italian diplomat Stefan di Mistura, is trying, without success so far, to break the impasse. Peace has also proved elusive in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, one of the UN's first major dilemmas following its formation in 1945 and a long-running bugbear. Sometimes the UN has been part of the problem rather than the solution. Blue-helmeted peacekeepers have been accused of a litany of sexual abuses, most recently in the Central African Republic. In Haiti, peacekeepers from Nepal were the source, the evidence suggests, of a cholera outbreak that has killed more than 8,000 people - though the UN United Nations: refuses to accept any legal liability. •Established on 24 October 1945, after World War Lack of democracy Two, to prevent another such conflict While the UN sees itself as a force for democrati•There were 51 member states. There are now 193 sation, it is a ridiculously undemocratic organisa•The headquarters is in New York City, with main tion. Its locus of power is the Security Council, offices in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna where the five permanent members - the US, •Financed by assessed and voluntary contributions Britain, France, China and Russia - still wield cripfrom its member states pling vetoes. •Objectives include maintaining international The Security Council, like amber encasing an extinct insect, preserves the influence of the vicpeace and security, promoting human rights, fostertors from World War Two, freezing a moment in ing social and economic development, protecting a time. Germany and Japan do not have permathe environment, and providing humanitarian aid in nent seats on the Security Council, nor do India cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict or Brazil. •There are six principal organs: General Assembly, Though every country has a vote in the General Security Council, Economic and Social Council, SecAssembly, a less powerful body, almost 75% of retariat, International Court of Justice and the Unitthe world's population is effectively disenfraned Nations Trusteeship Council (inactive since 1994) chised in the Security Council. There, prepos•UN agencies include the World Bank Group, the terously, one veto-wielding power can thwart the will of the other 192 members. All five veto World Health Organization, the World Food Propowers have to agree, for instance, on the apgramme, Unesco, and Unicef


pointment of Secretary Generals, enabling weak, if wellintentioned, compromise candidates, like the present leader Ban Ki-moon, to reach the top. Many positives For all its shortcomings, however, the United Nations can look back on much of the past 70 years with pride. It is credited with brokering more than 170 peace settlements, though it has proved better at preventing nation-to-nation conflicts rather than civil wars. The Cold War never turned hot, although there were Cold War proxy conflicts in Korea, Vietnam, Nicaragua, Angola, Afghanistan and elsewhere. The number of people killed in conflicts has declined since 1945. Fewer died in the first decade of this century than in any decade during the last. Its peacekeeping operations, which began during the Suez crisis in 1956, have expanded to 16 missions around the world, keeping and monitoring the peace in Haiti to Darfur, Cyprus to the Golan Heights. The UN has codified a panoply of international laws and forged the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. It has helped broker major international treaties, such as the landmark, nuclear non-proliferation treaty that came into force in 1970, and helped organise historic elections, such as the first presidential contest in Afghanistan in 2004. The work of UN agencies, much of it unnoticed and unsung, has been impressive, partly because they employ some of the world's leading experts in disaster relief, public health and economic development. Not only is its staff expert, but often incredibly brave and dedicated. Partly because of the efforts of Unicef, deaths of children under the age of five have declined from nearly 12 million in 1990 to 6.9 million in 2011. The UN's refugee agency, the UNHCR, has helped 17 million asylum seekers and refugees, picking up two Nobel peace prizes, in 1954 and 1981, for its efforts. The World Food Programme each year gives assistance to 80 million people in 75 countries. The preservation of 1,031 of the world's most beautiful sites, from the Serengeti National Park to Machu Picchu, is partly thanks to Unesco.

Its Millennium Development Goals, which will soon be superseded by the sustainable development goals, have been described as the greatest anti-poverty drive in history. Often, however, the work of agencies is hindered by a lack of funding from member states, which is often called donor fatigue. There is a chronic shortfall in Syria, for instance, where only 38% of the funding requirements have been met. Of the $4.5bn needed by the UN to confront the Syrian refugee crisis, only $1.8bn has been contributed. The UN's convening power, the simple fact that it brings together 193 members, is obviously unique. Controversial vetoes Still, all too often its members deliberately hamper its work. UN agencies would like to deliver humanitarian aid to Syria, to use one example, but for much of the past five years the Security Council has not mandated them to do so. Russia, with the backing usually of China, has used its veto as a block to protect its ally, Syria's President Bashar al-Assad. This kind of obstructionism and negative statecraft is common at the UN. Syria offers a case study of the UN at its best and its worst. The deadlock in Security Council has stymied peace efforts, but the UN runs the massive Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan, the home to almost 80,000 displaced people. That camp could never in any way be described as "heaven". But it has saved those seeking shelter from "hell". Critics of Israel, a country that regularly complains of being unfairly vilified at the UN, bemoan the regular use of US vetoes to shield it from international criticism. Often the UN doesn't solve the world's problems, but merely reflects them.

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think The increase of broadband rollout and the growth of WiFi in public spaces is providing society with the huge benefit of access to the Internet quickly and easily. But not all WiFi is as secure as we might think it is. Europol’s Cybercrime Division warns that attacks are rising on public WiFi and are a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data. to steal information, identity or passwords and money from the users who use public or insecure wi-fi connections. The important thing is to distinguish if the public WiFi you are using is secure and not public. When you connect to it, if it requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

quire a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, An explosive matchup of our Olympic Games, where you can lower he chances very own world-class fighter, he won a silver medal, of experiencing theft of Amir Khan is happening in May. Bolton's Amir "King" Khan your data. The British superstar and former (28-3, 19 KOs) went from Unified Super Lightweight World local hero to international Champion Amir “King” Khan will star when he won his first face current WBA International world title at 140 pounds Welterweight champion Luis in 2009.After five successCollazo in the 12 round event. ful defences that included "I'm looking forward to fighting wins over Marcos Maidin Las Vegas once again, and my ana, Paulie Malignaggi intention on May 3 is to make a and Zab Judah, Khan lost statement that I belong on this his title by way of a controbig stage," said Khan. versial decision to Lamont "Luis Collazo might be coming off Peterson in 2011. Winner of a big win, but I am in incredible of two straight over Carshape and am ready for this chal- los Molina and Julio Diaz lenge. A win on May 3 is what I since, the flashy, flamneed to prove that I truly am one boyant 27-year-old boxof the best welterweights in the er-puncher is now camsport." paigning at welterweight, A British standout who repre- where he seeks championsented his nation in the 2004 ship gold once again.

In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.


An explosive ma very own world Amir Khan is hap The British supers Unified Super Ligh Champion Amir “ face current WBA Welterweight ch Collazo in the 12 r "I'm looking forw in Las Vegas once intention on May statement that I big stage," said Kh "Luis Collazo migh of a big win, but I a shape and am rea lenge. A win on M need to prove tha of the best welte sport." A British stando sented his nation

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