March Edition 2015

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Shrine of Muhammad & Ibraheem Bin Muslim Bin Aqeel Bin Imran bin Abdul Mutlib (Karbala, Iraq)


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CUT Your PMC PIECE Burngreave Community Page Awards Page 12 Councillors Page 4 22-23

ILM News 5th Anniversary Celebration

ILM News celebrated its 5th year anniversary last month in a grand way. Working in partnership with local professionals, businesses, mosques, and the community, ILM News has proved the way forward for the informative service we provide. As we venture into our 6th year of publication it was only right to celebrate and thank the mutual support we have received from local organisations, businesses and local people. The event was held at the superb Orient Express Restaurant in Rotherham and attended by friends and representatives of the Asian community. The event kicked off with a host of speeches but the highlight was awarding some outstanding people and organisations in the community for their dedication and hard work to promote not just the Pakistani community but the whole of Sheffield and Rotherham. Award winners Included: Radio Iman; Orient Express; Mrs Shanaz Bano; Mrs Umal Seher Shameem; Barrister Azhar; Maulana Aslam Zahid; Ch Mohammad Zahur MBE; Haider Jahangir Chishty; Ch Mohammad Ali; Mohammad Ali Khizar; Mrs Misbah Hussain MBE; Equity Law Chambers; Deputy Lord Mayor Talib Hussain; Pakistan Muslim Centre; Cllr Nasima Akhter; Family Relief; Shaqfat Mirza Sahib; Hamza Ali; and Mohammad Adil. Thank you to all who attended and supported the ILM News community. The Night was topped off with a fabulous buffet meal.


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SHEFFIELD STREETS REVAMP Changing every single one of Sheffield’s 68,000 street lights is a complex business - it’s not just like changing a lightbulb. The upgrading of the city’s 68,000 street lights to new LED models is the only one of its kind in the country. The project will be completed by 2017, and so far 24,000 lights have been replaced in about two years. But it has not been without its problems. Residents have complained about long delays, and open holes on their streets. Some residents like having them near their house for security while others hate it blocking their view. Each street has a bespoke lighting scheme designed to meet national standards, which means some street light columns may be removed and extras installed. Lights have to be designed around standards and visible structures such as walls and houses. And sometimes records about their location can be out of date. This means teams are in the dark until digging begins, and if cables are found to be faulty, deeper or in a different location than expected district network operators must investigate. Some cables have been encased in concrete since World War Two. This is why some holes are open for longer than others. There have always been issues with safety barriers put up around holes to go missing.

PETITION OVER SHEFFIELD COUNCIL TAX INCREASE A petition calling for Sheffield town hall chiefs to abandon plans to raise council tax has been launched by Nick Clegg. The city council’s cabinet has already agreed its budget for next year, including a 1.99 per cent rise in council tax for residents, which is the first such increase for five years. In early March it will go to the full council for a final decision, but opposition members are to call for the authority to stop the rise and take a Government grant to freeze it instead. Mr Clegg, who has launched the petition on his website, said: “The Government is offering Sheffield Council nearly £2m in exchange for freezing their council tax, but Labour are choosing to reject that and take that money from the pockets of hardworking Sheffield taxpayers.

Millions In ‘Illegal’ Private Parking Fines May Be Repaid Drivers could get refunds totalling tens of millions of pounds over “illegal” parking fines on private land. The RAC Foundation claims “fines” of up to £100 for infringing conditions in private car parks may be illegal, and is calling on the Government to stop the practice. Clamping on private land was outlawed by the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012, but charges for infringements of private car park conditions have grown to an estimated £100m per year. Millions of drivers could be in line for a refund. We estimate that in 2013 alone, drivers might have been overcharged by some £100m.

PM Pledges £300m To Tackle Dementia More than £300m is to be spent over the next five years on research, medical trials and training to tackle dementia, the Prime Minister has announced. David Cameron plans to set up an international dementia institute in England in a bid to make the UK a world leader for research and medical trials. A separate multimillion-pound fund will be launched to help establish an international investment scheme to discover new drugs and treatments that could slow down the onset of dementia or even deliver a cure. “Dementia is one of the greatest challenges of our lifetime, and I am proud that we are leading the world in fighting it” David Cameron.

Young Unemployed Will Have To Do Unpaid Work For Benefits Young people out of work or not in education or training for six months will need to do unpaid work to claim benefits under welfare reforms drawn up by the Conservative Party. The reforms mean people aged between 18 and 21 will have to do 30 hours of community work each week and 10 hours of job-hunting to qualify for benefits. The work will begin from day one of their claim. It could involve preparing meals for elderly people or working at charities. Prime Minister David Cameron said the reforms seek to end long-term youth unemployment and help youngsters understand that “welfare is not a one-way street”. For those 18 to 21-year-olds who have not been in employment, training or education for six months before they sign on, there will be intensive action. The Government say what these young people need is work experience and the order and discipline of turning up for work each day. The scheme - called the Community Work Programme - extends already-announced Conservative plans to abolish Jobseeker’s Allowance, replacing it with a Youth Allowance. Claimants will be required to undertake an apprenticeship or community work to receive their benefits after half a year on the Youth Allowance. Mr Cameron is expected to announce the scheme during a speech today. Speaking ahead of the speech, he said: “Our goal in the next parliament is effectively to abolish longterm youth unemployment. We want to get rid of that wellworn path from the school gate, down to the jobcentre, and on to a life on benefits.” A Conservative government would require them to do daily community work from the very start of their claim, as well as searching for work.

Some 1.3 million NHS workers, from surgeons to hospital porters, will be given training in how to give those with dementia the best possible standards of care. Businesses and public services will be encouraged to offer greater understanding and support for people with the condition. And a further three million volunteers are to be recruited to train as “dementia friends” to help care for sufferers. “Together we are transforming lives today and reaching out for preventative treatments and a cure tomorrow. This government has rightly prioritised dementia” Jeremy Hughes, chief executive of the Alzheimer’s Society.

Spiralling Childcare Costs ‘It Simply Doesn’t Pay To Work’ The cost of childcare is rising so quickly that for many families “it simply does not pay to work”, a report has concluded. The price of a part-time nursery place for a child under two has gone up by almost a third in the last five years with parents now being forced to pay more than £6,000 a year. The annual survey, carried out by the Family and Childcare Trust, found that on average in England, Scotland and Wales sending a child to nursery for 25 hours a week costs £115.45. The reality is that for too many families it simply does not pay to work. Parents who employ child minders are also paying more. The average cost of £104.06 per week is up 4.3% on last year. At Kidz R Us day nursery in Salford, Greater Manchester, parents said paying for childcare takes up a significant portion of their income. Mother-of-three Jennifer Lee said: “I’m a full time teacher and my partner’s a fireman. You’d expect with two decent salaries to be able to cope financially, but it is difficult.” A spokesman for the Department for Education said: “This report only relates to the prices parents pay after they receive the Government’s offer of 15 hours of free childcare. In spite of several positive initiatives, including more funding for free early education, the childcare system in Britain needs radical reform.

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Your Burngreave Ward Councillors

Cllr Jackie Drayton

Cllr Ibrar Hussain


Cllr Talib Hussain

Staff and parents at a Sheffield primary school are celebrating after inspectors rated it ‘outstanding’. Nether Edge Primary School was given the top rating overall by Ofsted, as well as being rated as COUNCILLOR’S SURGERIES highly as possible in four out of five categories. Headteacher Matthew Knox, who was previously geries Burngreave surgeries are shared between Councillors Jackie Drayton, Ibrar Hussain and a teacher at the school before becoming head, Talib Hussain and are held at:he are was delighted with the results, and that ries are shared between Councillors Jackie Drayton, Ibrar Hussain and Talib Hussainsaid and held at:it reflected the combined effort of everyone at • Burngreave Library, Spital Hill – 2nd Saturday of the month from 11.00 a.m. -12.00 noon the school. • Norwood Tenants’ and Residents’ Association (TARA),noon Community Cenary, Spital Hill – and 2ndBishopholme Saturday of the month from 11.00 a.m. -12.00 The school was rated as ‘outstanding’ for its leadtre, ership and management, the behaviour of its shopholme Tenants’ and Residents’ Association (TARA), Community Centre, Bishopholme Road – 3rd Tuesday Bishopholme Road – 3rd Tuesday of the month 12.00-1.00 p.m. pupils, the quality of teaching and pupil achieve0-1.00 •p.m. Pakistan Advice Centre, 127 Page Hall Road - 3rd Thursday of the month 2.00-3.00 p.m. ment. Centre, 127 Page Hall Road - 3rd Thursday of the month 2.00-3.00 p.m. It was also rated ‘good’ for its early years proviThere are no surgeries during August. sion. Overall, the report - from an inspection on

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January 28 to 29 this year - showed the school’s improvement from its previous ‘good’ rating. Nether Edge Primary School is ‘much larger’ than average and ‘almost all pupils’ come from minority ethnic backgrounds, the report added, and most pupils speak English as an additional language. It also said the school has an above average amount of disabled pupils and disadvantaged pupils. Nether Edge councillor Nikki Bond joined in singing its praises. She said: “It’s fantastic for the school and it reflects the very hard work of staff and pupils at the school. “At Nether Edge we have a headteacher who is very committed to his role, and we have teachers who do a fantastic job.”

eries during August. A surgery is also held on 1st and 3rd Thursdays of the month (except August) from 10.00

to 11.00 a.m. at Firth Park Advice Centre, 9 Stubbin Lane. (These surgeries are shared on a

Peter Price, Peter Rippon, Sioned-Mair Richards Jackie held onrota 1stbasis and with 3rd Cllrs, Thursdays of the month (except August) fromand 10.00 to Drayton. 11.00 a.m. at Firth Park Advice Centre, Councillors Alan Law and Chris Weldon also share the surgery on the 1st Thursday). These surgeries are shared on a rota basis with Cllrs, Peter Price, Peter Rippon, Sioned-Mair Richards and Jackie ors Alan Law and Chris Weldon also share the surgery on the 1st Thursday).

Local GP Funding Cuts Local GPs are facing funding cuts across the country. More than 100 GP surgeries are affected including some right on our doorstep. Locally some facing closure are Devondhire Green, Hanover Medical Centre and Sharrow Lane Medical Centre. Through the help of Local MP Paul Blonfield, campaigns have been launched to halt the cuts and secure fair funding. Staff at Sharrow Lane Medical Centre have recently confirmed they are in this position and already nearly 1000 have signed the e-petitions and hundreds more have signed in the surgeries. Paul Bomfield MP believes the support of the local people will have a big impact as he prepares to take the petition to 10 Downing Street very soon.

A GLOBAL TASTE SENSATION FOR ALL THE FAMILY Market Place are set to bring a fantastic selec- Opening hours of the Continental Market are: tion of Continental traders to Fargate, Town Hall Wednesday to Saturday: 09:00 to 17:30 Square & Peace Gardens in Sheffield this March. Sunday: 10:00 to 17.00 From Thursday 5th March to Sunday 8th March 2015, a selection of traders from around the world will be offering a mouth-watering selection of continental goodies. Shoppers will be spoilt for choice at this free international event. Sheffield will be home to some mouth-watering treats including The Best of Holland who will be bringing their authentic Dutch Pancakes for everyone to try. Bedazzled Cupcakes will also be in Sheffield with a fantastic variety of homemade cupcakes. The Cheese Board will be bringing along a selection of global cheeses, offering a slice of a number of countries whilst shoppers can also try some tasty exotic meats from around the world including crocodile, zebra and ostrich! If you’re not sure about trying something new, ask for a sample from the friendly traders. Visitors are certain to find something unique and tasty from traders.

UK Approves Three-Person Babies

The UK has now become the first country to approve laws to allow the creation of babies from three people. The modified version of IVF has passed its final legislative obstacle after being approved by the House of Lords. The fertility regulator will now decide how to license the procedure to prevent babies inheriting deadly genetic diseases. The first baby could be born as early as 2016. A large majority of MPs in the House of Commons approved "three-person babies" last month. The House of Lords tonight rejected an attempt to block the plan by a majority of 232. Mitochondria are the tiny compartments inside nearly every cell of the body that convert food into useable energy. But genetic defects in the mitochondria mean the body has insufficient energy to keep the heart beating or the brain functioning. The structures are passed down only from the mother and have their own

DNA, although it does not alter traits including appearance or personality. The technique, developed in Newcastle, uses a modified version of IVF to combine the healthy mitochondria of a donor woman with DNA of the two parents. It results in babies with 0.1% of their DNA from the second woman and is a permanent change that would echo down through the generations. The Catholic and Anglican Churches in England said the idea was not safe or ethical, not least because it involved the destruction of embryos. Other groups, including Human Genetics Alert, say the move would open the door to further genetic modification of children in the future so-called designer babies, genetically modified for beauty, intelligence or to be free of disease. Estimates suggest 150 couples would be suitable to have babies through the technique each year. If the measure goes ahead, the first "three-person" baby could be born next year.

Councillors Resignation Mahroof Hussain has confirmed that he has re- governance inspection report last month and a signed as both a Cabinet member and a Rother- statement in the House of Commons by Secretary of State, Eric Pickles. ham Borough councillor. A councillor for the Boston ward, he held the Environment portfolio within the Cabinet. His Cabinet colleague, John Doyle, also confirmed his resignation as as the Cabinet member for Adult Social Care and Health. He remains as a councillor for the Swinton ward. Their decisions follow the resignation of Cllr Paul Lakin as both Leader and as a borough councillor for the Valley ward. The rest of the Council’s Cabinet confirmed their intention to resign their positions as soon as transitional arrangements were put in place. The resignations follow the publication of Louise Casey’s corporate

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Business Development Manager Sheffield Chamber of Commerce Exploring Business Ideas One of the best ways to avoid starting a new business that’s doomed to failure is to test your business idea rigorously before you launch. Just because you’re good at something, enjoy doing it or dream of becoming a successful entrepreneur doesn't mean you have a sound business idea. If your new business is to succeed, there must be sufficient demand for your products or services at the prices you intend to charge. It doesn't matter how much knowledge, personality and drive you bring to your new business. If people don’t want what you’re offering at the price you charge – your new business will fail. Simple. How to do basic market research Although the very words 'market research' conjure up images of clipboards, questionnaires and a small army of researchers pestering shoppers on a busy high street, for most small businesses the solution is much more basic. The key to success can be to spot a gap in the market and tailor your business to fill that 'niche', so you become the number one supplier within that market. Even if you’re a ‘me-too’ business or if you plan to sell something that’s already proved popular, you should still carry out some market research to seek honest feedback from potential customers. Pre-start market research for most new businesses need not be sophisticated or expensive, you simply need to know who your customers are and what they think about your products or

services. Don’t make the mistake of simply canvassing friends and family, because most will be reluctant to criticise. Plus, they probably only represent a small proportion of your market, at most, it won't be reliable

market research by any means. Speak to potential customers you don’t know. Find out their opinions about what you plan to offer. Do some real-life product testing. Crucially – ask whether they’d buy your product/service at the price you’re asking. If the answer’s no, you need to reconsider. For small businesses that sell to few customers (possibly other businesses), market research will

THE HALAL MEAT DEBATE Calls to legislate for the stunning of all animals before slaughter led to a three-hour Parliamentary debate in Westminster recently. Legislation would affect religious slaughtering practice and is being fiercely resisted by the Jewish and Muslim communities. The debate was called after a petition backed by the British Veterinary Association calling for a ban on non-stun slaughter generated 100,000 signatures in nine months. However, politicians highlighted a similar petition in favour of continued religious slaughter, which attracted more than 123,000 signatures in a week. Introducing the debate, Philip Hollobone MP said that campaigners were concerned about animal welfare and were not prompted by opposition to religious beliefs. However, he admit-

ted that the two were linked in this case, saying: "Jewish and Muslim communities have a lot of persuading to do if they want their point of view to win the day." He called for clearer labelling so that consumers had a clear choice. The debate highlights troubling tensions between the demands of religious faith and the demands of animal welfare. However, several speakers pointed out that slaughter was inherently difficult, with Birmingham Ladywood's Labour MP Shabana Mahmood saying "there is no good, clean way of killing an animal; it ends up dead one way or the other". Others pointed out that many animals were "mis-stunned" or suffered in other ways, and stressed that both Jewish and Muslim slaughtering methods were designed to cause as little suffering as possible.

Email: involve meeting potential buyers to discuss products/services and prices. For those aiming for massmarket appeal, the answer might well involve asking questions to people on the high street, where free samples always come in

handy. You might do some door-to-door market research. Write down all responses and learn from them. Weigh up your competitors Effective market research also involves assessing the competition and web-based searches are a good place to start. Also flick through the pages of business directories and local papers/magazines. Even walking around the area in which

you’re thinking of setting up will reveal much about the competition you will face. Find out how many businesses in your market offer products/services similar to yours. Determine how much they charge and what terms they offer (eg buy now, pay later, etc). If there are too many competitors or some whose prices/terms you cannot match, your business idea might not be viable. Assess your market research Be honest when considering the results of your market research. Pay particular attention to feedback on prices and never simply ignore those who tell you they don’t like your products or prices. Ask what they would prefer you to sell and/or how much they would pay. If this is considerably lower than your price, find ways to cut costs, if possible. Important flaws in your business idea might be exposed, but better to find this out before you commit time, effort and money to starting a new business that will never succeed. You might decide your only option is to think of a different business idea. Don’t be disheartened. Many successful entrepreneurs have had to work their way through numerous bad business ideas to arrive at good ones. Alternatively, your business idea might simply need a tweak here and there to enhance its chances of success. If you’re really doing well, your market research will make you even more confident your business idea is a sure-fire winner.

Sheffield Taxi Drivers Face Crackdown Taxi drivers in Sheffield have been warned they could lose their licences as part of a crackdown on ‘inappropriate behaviour’. A letter has been sent to drivers about complaints from members of the public and businesses in regard to ‘ongoing problems’ at the station. South Yorkshire Police, Sheffield Council and East Midlands Trains have jointly written to cab drivers to warn them about their behaviour, particularly at taxi ranks by Sheffield railway station and on Carver Street in the city centre. Officials say problems include illegal parking, obstructing the highway, blocking business entrances and drivers behaving in an ‘offensive’ and ‘aggressive’ manner. The letter said patrols of the area are to be

stepped up, with offending drivers being referred to the council’s licensing committee and potentially losing their licences. It also warned station permits may be removed from drivers, while the number of taxis allowed at the station may also be reduced. However, the Sheffield Taxi Trade Association say the warning is ‘unfair’ to the majority of lawabiding drivers – and claims issues are partly being caused by the council and police failing to properly clampdown on unlicensed drivers illegally plying for fares. Hafeas Rehman, chairman of the Sheffield Taxi Trade Association, said recent works to change the layout around the railway station have improved matters.

The TV that listens to you Samsung has warned people against discussing sensitive and private information in the vicinity of its new smart televisions - because it will be translated into text and stored in a central computer. The new privacy policy for the voice-activated television allows the company and its partners to listen in on everything that people say. The policy states: “Please be aware that if your spoken words include personal or other sensitive information, that information will be among the data captured and transmitted to a third party through your use of voice recognition.” “While Samsung will not collect your spoken

word, Samsung may still collect associated texts and other usage data so that we can evaluate the performance of the feature and improve it” Samsung statement. Samsung insists that the data is encrypted to keep it safe, and points out that owners can disconnect their TV from wifi to keep their data secure. While lots of voice-recognition devices use an internet connection to better translate sounds into actions, the storing and sharing with third parties is a particular privacy concern for some Samsung users.

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EDUCATION AND HIGH STORRS The Importance Of Attendance As I write this article our Y9, Y10 and Y11 students are all sitting their trial exams. Some of them have worked very hard in preparation for these exams and some are now realising the foolishness of not having done so. They are also realising that if they have missed work due to absence then they have less chance of achieving the grade they want. So it seemed a good time to revisit the importance of attendance at school and the impact

that lack of attendance can have on a student’s what these percentages actually mean so let’s put it in terms of days. If a child misses 1 day progress and attainment. every couple of weeks this would make their atResearch suggests that 17 school days missed tendance 90% and this could more than halve in one year results in students losing one GCSE their chance of achieving 5 good GCSEs. grade. This means that just over 3 weeks off school in Year 11 could be the difference be- 90% attendance over a whole year would mean that your child has missed about 4 weeks of tween a C grade and a D grade! school, which is 100 hours. According to government statistics a student with 93% attendance would have a 73% chance of achieving 5 A* - C grades at GCSE. Compare this to a child with attendance that is below 90% who would have just a 27% chance of achieving 5 A* - C grades at GCSE. Sometimes it is hard to understand

As always, if you have any questions, or if we give you any more advice on the above points, please do not hesitate to contact High Storrs School. (Tel no: 0114 267 0000, email

Mr Akram and Mrs Heggs

There are lots of ways you, as a parent, can help to improve your child’s attendance; • Only let your child have a day off if they are genuinely too poorly to attend school. • Keep an eye on how many, and which days your child is missing from school. Do they always seem to be poorly on the same day? • Avoid taking holidays in school time. The school year is only 39 weeks, this leaves 13 weeks where your child is not at school. • Praise and encouragement go a long way. Reward your child on a regular basis if they have good attendance and set them clear targets if attendance is an issue. • If you have any concerns about your child’s attendance contact the school as soon as possible and we will do our best to help. Your child’s Head of House is probably the best person to contact. • Finally, if your child does have to take a day off school make sure they catch up with any work missed. You can email or ring the school and ask for teachers to send any important work home.

Gandhi Statue To Be Unveiled In Parliament Square

UK ‘Losing Radicalisation War’ As Is Recruits Online

A statue of Mahatma Gandhi will be unveiled in London’s Parliament Square on 14 March. The bronze statue will be the focal point for the commemoration this summer of the 100th anniversary of Gandhi’s return to India from South Africa to start the struggle for self-rule. The date for the unveiling has been announced as the Gandhi Statue Memorial Trust has surpassed the £1 million mark in donations for the statue. Prime Minister David Cameron said, “Mahatma Gandhi is an inspiration. His approach of non-violence will resonate forever as a positive legacy – not just for the UK and India, but the world over. He was a man of great insight and many of his observations remain as fresh and relevant today as when he first made them - that we should be the change we wish to see in the world is timeless advice, well worth following. Culture Secretary Sajid Javid, who chairs the Gandhi Statue Special Advisory Board said, “Gandhi is one of the most inspirational figures in history and the statute will be a fitting symbol to his teachings of non-violent, peaceful protests. It also highlights the strength of the relationship and friendship that Britain has with India today.” The statue is being created by leading British sculptor, Philip Jackson, renowned for statues of the Queen Mother and Bomber Command. Jackson started work on the statue in July.

Britain is fighting an "ever-losing battle" to stop extremists from radicalising people online, the country's first female Muslim Cabinet Member has said. Baroness Warsi, who resigned last summer over the government's policy on Gaza, warned more people were now being radicalised in their bedrooms than in mosques. She said the only way to tackle the problem was to have more involvement with British Muslim communities. "Online radicalisation is of course a large aspect of it. It's where young people hang out, it's where they get a lot of their information, and therefore it's only natural it's where they would go for their material in terms of becoming radicalised. "Much resource has gone into making sure websites are taken down but we are fighting an ever-losing battle with extremist groups. "But one of the things that IS (Islamic State) has been incredibly successful at has been using the internet and social networking spaces for their own propaganda."

George Galloway’s Labour Opponent Resigns Ahead Of General Election

The Labour candidate due to stand against George Galloway in the general election has been forced to stand down because she doesn’t want to move the Bradford. Amina Ali was chosen as Labour’s best chance to retake Bradford West from the controversial Respect MP just four days ago, and said it was a “dream” come true to be picked. But in an embarrassing development for Ed Miliband and Labour, Ms Ali announced she would be quitting the election campaign, citing the “disruption” it would cause for her family life. She was selected from an all-female shortlist that included local candidates, but the councillor in London’s Tower Hamlets said that fighting for a seat 200 miles away in Yorkshire would have too great an impact on her children’s schoolwork. Ms Ali, who would have become the first ever British-Somali MP if she could have beaten Mr Galloway. Mr Galloway won the seat following a huge swing from Labour at a 2012 by-election, achieving a majority of more than 10,000. He was expelled from the Labour party in 2003 after being found guilty of bringing the party into disrepute.

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95% Of Muslims Feel Loyalty To Britain

Almost half of Muslims living in Britain believe that prejudice against Islam makes it difficult for them to follow their faith in the country, a survey found. 46% believe that the nation is becoming less tolerant of Muslims. Despite their unease almost all, 95%, said they felt a loyalty to the country, with a similar number (93%) saying Muslims in Britain should always obey British laws. Around three million Muslims live in Britain, but instances of extremist ideology have led to growing unease among many and fears of rising prejudice.

The vast majority (85%) of British Muslims feel no sympathy for those who want to fight against Western interests, against 11% who do. Almost half (49%) believe Muslim clerics who preach that violence against the West can be justified are out of touch with mainstream Muslim opinion, but 45% disagree. The survey found that most British Muslims oppose violence against people who publish images depicting the Prophet Mohammed, while one in four (27%) said they had some sympathy for the motives behind the attacks in Paris on satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo. However, more than two thirds (68%) say acts of violence against those publishing images of the Prophet can never be justified, with a quarter (24%) disagreeing. Muslim women were more likely than men to feel unsafe in Britain. The survey also found that almost one in 10 knew other Muslims who had strong sympathies with those fighting for al Qaida or Islamic State. But 94% would tell the police if they knew someone from the Muslim community who was planning an act of violence. More than a third (35%) felt that most Britons do not trust Muslims. Only half (55%) of those polled felt the Muslim Council of Britain adequately represented the views of Muslims in the country, while more than three in 10 (31%) said they would want their children to go to a Muslim state school if they had the choice. One in five British Muslims said they felt a liberal Western society can never be compatible with Islam. Older generations felt this more than younger people, with 23% of those over 45 agreeing compared with 19% of those aged 18 to 24.

The Internet Of Things Becomes A Thing

Half Of UK Food Will Come From Abroad By 2040 Farmers have warned that almost half of the UK’s food will come from abroad by 2040. Research by the National Farmer’s Union (NFU) has found that over the last 30 years a downward spiral of self sufficiency means less and less of what we eat is British grown or reared. Currently just 60% of food consumed in the UK is British. That is predicted to fall to 53% in 25 years time, with a warning it could fall below 50% by 2080. The prospect of the UK becoming less than 50% self-sufficient should ring alarm bells across all political parties say the NFU. It says it has the support of the public, citing a recent poll which found 85% of people want to see more British

produce on supermarket shelves. Currently, farming grows most of the raw ingredients for Britain’s food and drink industry - worth £97bn which provides jobs for 3.5 million people across the country. The UK’s food security should be a priority whichever Government is in power after the general election. “We are helping the industry become more competitive, at home and abroad, by opening up record numbers of international food markets to export our produce, making it easier for our schools and hospitals to buy local” Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) spokeswoman.

Chasing The Shadow On Friday 20th March 2015, a total solar eclipse will occur across the far Northern regions of Europe and the Artic. The longest duration of totality for this eclipse will be 2 minutes and 46 seconds as viewed off the coast of the Faroe Islands. This will mark the last total solar eclipse in Europe for over a decade. The next not being until August 12, 2026

Net Migration Figure Rises To 298,000 David Cameron is “disappointed” after missing his net migration target by nearly 200,000, leaving his pledge to reduce it to the “tens of thousands” in tatters. The Prime Minister and Home Secretary Theresa May had set the target of reducing net migration - the difference between people coming to the UK and those leaving - to below 100,000 by this May. But the latest figures from the Office of National Statistics show that in the year to September 2014 alone net migration has risen by nearly as much as 100,000 - from 210,000 to 298,000. “He had said previously that we have not made as much progress as he would like but he had also said that he doesn’t regret making this

commitment because he thinks it is in the interests of our country, that we will have a better, stronger country, if we have lower net migration” A spokeswoman for number 10. It means net migration is now higher than when the coalition came to power in 2010 when it was 244,000. Net migration peaked in 2005 at 320,000. The release of the data by the ONS is significant because it is the last set of quarterly net migration figures ahead of the General Election. The ONS figures for the year ending September 2014 showed the number of foreign people coming to live in the UK increased significantly from 530,000 to 624,000 in a year.

Court Bans Musharraf From Elections The fully connected home complete with robot butler and self-driving car sitting in the garage is still a long way off becoming a reality. But the first steps towards that future will be taken by consumers in 2015. Interest in smart home products is already high among households, especially when the products promise increased security or safety. Surveys of the public about connected devices, smart smoke detectors and window and door sensors always score highly. Protection of loved ones and property is consistently the leading value proposition for smart home services. But the reason why the market or demand for these gadgets hasn't already exploded is partly to do with price -- many are judged too expensive for what they deliver -- and partly to do with the

perception that individual devices won't work together. When asked, over 80% of UK, Spanish and German broadband households said that they would prefer to buy devices as part of an interoperable system rather than individual gadgets that don't work together -- even if the individual gadgets each offered more or better features. And that's why there are high hopes for Apple's new HomeKit platform in 2015. It turns an iPhone or iPad into a central control hub for connected devices and enables designers and developers to create apps that control multiple devices. It is thought that by the end of the decade, most households will have purchased their first smart home device. The first purchases my possibly be a smart thermostat or connected security system.

tive actions illegal, and thereA Pakistani high court has fore, he could not be a memdeclared the country's ber of the parliament in line former military ruler Genwith the constitution. eral Pervez Musharraf inThe former army chief who competent for contesting is currently facing separate parliamentary elections. trials in three murder cases, A three-member bench including the one of slain of the high court of Sindh Prime Minister Benazir Bhutprovince led by Chief Justo, ruled the country from tice Maqbool Baqar found 1999 to 2008. General MushGeneral Musharraf guilty arraf had filed an appeal in of suspending the counthe Sindh high court against try's constitution, and the election commission that putting the supreme court barred him from contesting elections in May judges under house arrest in November 2007. The court observed that Pakistan's supreme 2013 on the same grounds. However, the judges court had already declared Musharraf's respec- upheld the election commission's decision.

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PMC Community Awards

Community Awards couldn’t carry more merit than they did on Saturday the 28th February 2015 as they did at The Pakistan Centre when the Trade Union Council commissioned the operation manager of Pakistan Muslim Centre ( Mukhtar Tufail ) to organise an award ceremony designed to celebrate the grassroot level contributions of the South Yorkshire BME communities. In the presence of a shower of dignitaries including Lord Ahmed of Rotherham, TUC National

President Mohammed Taj, South Yorkshire High Sheriff JC Bramah, Lord Lieutenant David Moody, MP Clive Betts, Paul Bloomfield MP, The Bishop of Sheffield David Croft. Lord Mayor Of Sheffield Councillor Peter Rippon, Civic Mayor of Doncaster Councillor Pat Haith. Representing the leadership office of Sheffield City Council, Councillor Mary Lea, Chair Of Pakistan Muslim Centre Muhammed Ali, Radio Presenter Joe Sentence.

Obama Says, ‘We Are At War With Those Who Have Perverted Islam’ President Barack Obama gathered police leaders, lawmakers and mayors from around the world to address the threat of violent extremism at a summit that was far from what he originally envisioned. Planned for last October, the summit never happened before the midterm elections. In the months since, the situation has just gotten worse, with the Islamic State group metastasizing and European cities learning firsthand that extremism’s reach is not confined to the Middle East. With that threat in mind, Obama is hoping to concentrate the world’s focus on the need to combat the underlying ideologies that entice otherwise modern individuals — including many disaffected youth — to behead a nonbeliever, kidnap a schoolgirl or shoot up a synagogue. “We are not at war with Islam. We are at war with those who have perverted Islam” President Barack Obama.

Although the White House has gone to great lengths to avoid linking the campaign directly to Islamic extremism, it comes as the U.S. seeks to enlist other, mostly Arab or Muslim nations to join together to rid places like Yemen, Nigeria and Iraq of militant groups claiming adherence to rigid interpretations of Islam. The U.S. is not the only country pushing anew for deeper involvement from the rest of the world in preventing the spread of extremist groups. After IS militants in Libya beheaded a group of Egyptian Christians in a video released this week, Cairo is pressing the United Nations to approve a new coalition for airstrikes. “Groups like al-Qaida and ISIL exploit the anger that festers when people feel that injustice and corruption leave them with no chance of improving their lives. The world has to offer today’s youth something better” Obama.

Facebook Has 2 Million Active Advertisers Facebook says that its active advertisers has risen to 2 million, a 33 percent increase from the 1.5 million it had in July 2014. The vast majority of the advertisers, defined as those that have placed an ad on the social media platform in the last 30 days, represent small- and medium-sized business owners. Small business owners are really hard to reach and they are not tech savvy usually. 30 million small business owners have Facebook pages. Facebook also launched a mobile app for advertisers to use to manage their campaigns. Of Facebook's newly acquired advertisers in the 2014 fourth quarter, 80 percent started by paying for a promoted post.

Google is the worldwide leader in digital advertising market share, at 31.1 percent, according to estimates from research firm eMarketer. But Google's slice has shrunk slightly, down from 33.6 percent in 2013. Facebook, on the other hand, increased its share to 7.8 percent in 2014 from 5.8 percent in 2013, according to eMarketer. It is unknown how many advertisers Google currently has. In 2007, it said it was used by 1 million advertisers. On the other hand, there were 890 million daily active users on average for December 2014.

E-Cigarettes Harmful To Lungs And Immune System E-cigarettes contain toxic chemicals which could damage the lungs and immune system, scientists have discovered. Experiments carried out on mice found e-cigarette fumes harmed the animals’ lungs and made them more susceptible to respiratory infections. Chemicals generated by the nicotine devices also weakened the immune system’s response to viruses and bacteria, causing some mice to die. Researchers found e-cigarette vapour contains “free radical” toxins similar to those found in air pollution and cigarette smoke. The e-cigarette exposure inhibited the ability of mice to clear the bacteria from their lungs, and the viral infection led to increased weight loss and death, indicative of an impaired immune response. Although the study said they generated just 1% of the amount of free radicals in tobacco smoke, these molecules can

damage DNA and cell membranes. Findings suggest that e-cigarettes are not neutral in terms of the effects on the lungs. Observations show that they increase the susceptibility to respiratory infections in the mouse models.

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JUNK FOOD Junk food is food that is calorie-dense and nutrient poor. In recent decades, junk food, fast food and convenience food consumption in the United States have increased dramatically, with 25 percent of people now consuming predominantly junk food diets. This trend has occurred concurrently with rising epidemics of numerous chronic diseases and accounts for a long list of reasons why eating junk food is bad.

Mr Shumile J. Chishty Depression

Junk food may lead to depression in teenagers, according to Andrew F. Smith, author of the book "Fast Food and Junk Food: An Encyclopaedia of What We Love to Eat." Hormonal changes at puberty make teens more susceptible to mood and behavioural swings. A healthy diet plays a part in keeping hormone levels on an even keel, while a diet high in junk food falls short of these requirements. Consuming Tran’s fats, saturated fats and processed food is associated with up to 58 percent increase in risk of depression.

Nutrient deficiencies


Junk food plays a major role in the obesity epidemic. By the year 2050, the rate of obesity in the U.S. is expected to reach 42 percent, according to researchers at Harvard University. Children who eat fast food as a regular part of their diets consume more fat, carbohydrates and processed sugar and less fibre than those who do not eat fast food regularly. Junk food in these children's diets accounts for 187 extra calories per day, leading to 6 additional pounds of weight gain per year. Obesity increases your risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and many other chronic health conditions.

Processing that removes vitamins, minerals and fibre makes junk foods into the sources of empty calories that nutritionists disparage. Children who eat a lot of junk foods may develop nutritional deficiencies that lead to low energy, mood swings, sleep disturbance and poor academic achievement, among other health conditions, according to the University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension. According to the matador network, some fast foods chicken nuggets contain a chemical preservative called tertiary butylhydroqunione, which is derived from petroleum. Petroleum is that same substance that you put in to your car. You may have heard of pink slime, this substance is put into food and drinks to preserve it. You may have noticed at pizza hut or mc Donald’s at the self-service drink till, that the box is slightly slimy, that is pink slime which preserves the drink

for a long time. Before you take slurp of that fizzy drink take another think whether to take it or not. MSG is one of the most common food additives among fast food and snack fods, used to make the flavour of foods bolder. Fast food, because it's highly processed, holds enough MSG to eventually cause skin rashes, hives, vomiting, asthma, hear irregularities, depression, seizures, migraines, chest pains and weakness, reports One Green Planet. The report pins MSG as a hindrance of feeling full, meaning one serving may not seem like enough. Even after eating a hearty meal, consumption of MSG can keep your appetite going strong (cue: overeating).MSG causes addictive habits because the more you eat, the longer it takes to feel satisfied. In other words, one fast food sandwich and a small order of fries won't always cut it. Your disguised, larger-than-life appetite gives false information to your brain, prolongs feeling full and leads you to order the largest menu items available ... and a milkshake, too.

Facing The Cuts, Delivering Rotherham’s Priorities Rotherham Council is pledging to do more to protect children and young people in the town and to preserve the council services people value most in their upcoming budget. How the council responds to £23million of cuts and responds to the findings of the Jay and Casey reports is the challenge for Rotherham Borough Council’s proposed budget for 2015 /16. Now in the fifth consecutive year of cuts brought about from the Government’s programme of austerity, now totalling £116.9m since 2010, the council has listened to residents about what their priorities are when faced with difficult choices.


Whilst addressing the cuts, the council will refocus the budget around what matters to local residents. This will include putting additional money into children’s services, investing in extra street cleansing and resurfacing roads. The additional money in children’s services and street cleansing will be partly funded by a 1.95% increase in Council Tax which equates to 31p per week for a typical Band A property. After the publication of the Jay Report, the council has said “never again”. Resources are being put in place to ensure Children’s The council has sought to minimise the impact on front line serv- Services meet the standards expected and that the failings to the ices where possible, however, difficult decisions remain. Proposed victims and survivors of Child Sexual Exploitation can be put right. cuts include: Cutting the cost of councillors by more than £200,000 by reducing The Children’s Safeguarding budget will be ring-fenced and an additional £824,000 into children’s services budgets to be allocated allowances and removal of the leader’s car Stopping the Imagination Library scheme to save £400,000 over to: £234,000 for the development of outreach youth work based protwo years vision to engage with young people at risk of Child Sexual ExploiReduction in funding to City Learning Centres to save £200,000 Reducing the number of buildings the Council owns to save tation £390,000 for additional social workers to make sure children at risk are seen by Children’s Services as quickly as possible £200,000 additional support for Child Sexual Exploitation victims and survivors.

Mission To Mars Dutch nonprofit Mars One has named 100 people who will remain in the running for a one-way trip to Mars, expected to leave Earth in 2024. Those in the shortlist are vying for the up to 24 spots for the ambitious Mars mission, which will see the final team launched in groups of four, beginning in 2024 and continuing two years at a time. In total, 50 men and 50 women have been shortlisted from around the world, including 39 from the Americas, 31 from Europe, 16 from Asia, seven from Africa and seven from Oceania. They were selected from a pool of 660 candidates after taking part in online interviews with the mission’s chief medical officer Norbert Kraft, where they were tested on their understanding of the risks involved, team spirit and motivation to be part of the expedition.

Child Road Deaths And Injuries Rises For First Time In 20 Years The annual figure for child deaths and serious injuries on the roads has risen for the first time in 20 years. The number of children (under 16) killed or seriously injured (KSI) on Britain’s roads in the year ending in September increased by 3% compared with the 12 months to September 2013, provisional Government figures showed. Releasing the statistics, the Department for Transport (DfT) said child KSIs rose in each quarter of 2014 in comparison with the same periods in 2013. The DfT figures also showed an overall rise in road casualties in the 12 months ending September 2014 compared with the previous year. This prompted calls from motoring and road safety groups for the Government to take action, with the Institute of Advanced Motorists pointing to cuts in traffic police numbers and in road safety spending as possible factors. Transport Minister Robert Goodwill said KSIs fell last summer compared with summer 2013, while the DfT said it was very hard to identify an overall trend in the figures. Britain’s roads are still among the safest in the world and there are 40% fewer road deaths per year than a decade ago.

Feedback from residents clearly states they want their local area to be clean and smart. The budget proposals include an extra £200,000 investment in street cleansing services across the borough. Separately, the proposed capital budget allocates an additional investment of £5 million to improve the Borough’s roads and fix pot holes over the next two years. Other savings will be realised by doing things differently including: Putting more services online Restructuring drug and alcohol services

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Mohammed Nazir

Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: Similarly, if you have benefit of the restrictive cov- 4. What is the full repairing Lease and what are enants, you should have awareness of these and its implications? 1. What is a restrictive covenant and what is a your rights. A full repairing Lease means that as a Tenant you typical example of a restrictive covenant. 3. What is the Contracted Out Lease and what is will be responsible for the full repairs and you A restrictive covenant is a promise by the buyer the Protected Lease and the 1954 Landlord and must keep the property in good condition. If you do not follow or adhere to the covenants of the with the seller not to do certain things with the Tenant Act Lease, then the Landlord can enforce these. land or the property. A typical example of the restrictive covenants are, to build or not to build The Contracted out Lease means that at the end a certain type of property, not to run a business of the Tenancy the Tenant has no right to extend It is ideal that before you complete the full repairfrom the property, not to allow hedges to grow the Lease. Once your Tenancy has ended, you ing Lease there should be a schedule of condition. over a certain height or to keep animals. There have to vacate the property and at the start of In the aforementioned schedule, your surveyor the Lease you will have signed a Statutory Decla- will add photos and the details of the condition are other examples, the list is not exhausted. ration being the Tenant and you do not have any of the property so that there will be no dispute in future about the condition and repair issues. If 2. What is the importance of the restrictive cov- right to renew the Lease. there is a dispute, then this schedule can be used enants? The second kind, the Protected Lease and the as evidence of the condition of the property. The covenants are a very important element of Landlord and Tenant Act 1954, is that where the property law and when you purchase land or take Tenant has the right to renew the Lease. You The Lease must not be signed a Lease you will be bound by the restrictive cov- have to follow the set procedures and serve the without your chartered surenants. The person/party who has the benefit of Notice under the Landlord and Tenant Act for veyor, solicitors or legal advisors advice. the restrictive covenant can obtain an injunction against you from the court and the court 5. What is the rent review can order you to restrain the activity, for examand what are my rights as a ple, it could be against a developer, that they Tenant? cannot develop the land because of certain restrictive covenants and/or they could make In the rent review provisions a compensatory award of damages against the it states how the rent will be party who has breached these covenants. increased and what will be the mechanics of the rent increase. It has also details and guidelines for the Landlord and Tenant/professionals, to use the renewal of the Lease and the request for the those as a principal to review Lease. However, you have to use this right with the rent. The rent review will the right notice and right provisions of the law normally take place after 3 or and notices must be served with the advice of 5 years, however, there are no your solicitor and your chartered surveyors/legal strict guidelines or rules about it. advisor. Q & A COVENANTS & LEASES

British Army To Recruit Muslim And Ethnic Minority Troops More must be done to recruit soldiers from ethnic minorities and in particular the Muslim community, the Head of the British Army has admitted. General Sir Nicholas Carter, who took up the role of Chief of the General Staff last year, said that ethic minority representation in the military is “nowhere near where it needs to be”. Figures released by the Ministry of Defence reveal there are only 480 Muslims serving in Army just 0.54% of the total regular force of 88,500. “We have to do more. The values and standards we espouse resonate closely with these communities and there is much common ground that we can build on to broaden our recruitment base” General Sir Nicholas Carter. Moreover, not all of those Muslims are British - some joined from Commonwealth countries. Senior figures in the military and Ministry of Defence recognise that conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have led to negative perceptions of the military in Muslim communities. General Carter wants that to change through closer interaction and engagement with ethnic minority communities. The Army has launched an Armed Forces Muslim Forum to bring military and civil communities together. It is also working to create a Muslim Peace Garden to commemorate Muslims killed in the armed forces. “In my view, the values of the Armed Forces are fully compatible with the values of Islam as well as other faiths” Imam Asim Hafiz, the military’s Islamic Religious Advisor.

As a Tenant, if you feel that new rent is unreasonable, you could instruct a surveyor who can negotiate on your behalf and also prepare the evidence of reasonable rent and negotiate on your behalf. It is always recommended to take a chartered surveyors advice is recommend at a rent review. The rent review provisions also depend upon what is written in the Lease, it is not restricted to the points made above.

Smoking In Cars Set To Become Illegal Public Health England has launched its campaign to highlight the hidden dangers that secondhand smoke in homes and cars can cause to children's health, coinciding with the passing by Parliament of regulations to end smoking in cars carrying children in England. Secondhand smoke is particularly harmful to children as they breathe more rapidly and have less developed airways. Children being exposed to secondhand smoke results in more than 300,000 GP consultations and 9,500 hospital admissions every year. Over 80% of secondhand smoke is invisible and odourless The government estimates that 3 million children in England are exposed to secondhand smoke in their family car, which puts them at risk of serious condi-

tions, including respiratory infections and meningitis and triggering asthma. A survey by the British Lung Foundation found that 86% of children who are exposed to smoking in cars would like the smoker to stop, yet only 31% actually feel able to ask them to do so. Smoking just a single cigarette in a car exposes children to high levels of air pollutants and cancer causing chemicals like arsenic, formaldehyde and tar. The campaign shows parents what is really there and brings to life that no matter how careful you are, children still breathe in harmful poisons. A completely smokefree home and car is a strong and positive step towards protecting the health of our children. The government and public health pro-

fessionals see this vote as a significant milestone in protecting children from the health risks of secondhand smoke. The law will come into force on 1 October 2015, and people failing to comply could face a £50 fixed penalty notice. The Smokefree Homes and Cars campaign features advertising on TV, radio and online from 9 February 2015. It highlights that many parents are often unaware of the damage smoking in the home and car causes to children's health, and encourages them to quit. Smokers can search 'smokefree' or visit NHS Smokefree for a range of free support and quitting advice, including the Smokefree app and Quit Kit.

Royal Mail increases price of 1st and 2nd class letters by 1p Royal Mail is to increase the costs of both first and second class stamps from March 30. It said the prices for first and second class stamps would rise 1p to 63p and 54p respectively, insisting the cost remained among the best in terms of value offered across Europe. Sending a large letter would increase by 2p to 95p for first class and by 1p to 74p for second

At the rent review the Landlord can increase the rent and are duty bound to follow the terms and conditions mentioned in the Lease and the rent review should be according to the terms made in the Lease.

class, Royal Mail said. Royal Mail said in a statement, “The UK’s postal service remains among the best value in Europe.” Sending a large letter will increase by 2p to 95p for first class and by 1p to 74p for second class. Royal Mail also announced that it was simplifying and cutting the price of sending a second-class medium

parcel, and will maintain prices for second-class small parcels which was introduced as a Christmas promotion. Royal Mail has questioned the sustainability of the company’s Universal Service Obligation (USO) under which it must deliver letters to each UK address, accusing rivals of “cherry-picking” - concentrating operations in urban areas - to save on costs.

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UK Poverty On Rise A new report has predicted a bleak future for most Britons warning 14 million citizens will be in poverty by 2030. The report by the think-thank Fabian Society warned that poverty in the UK will rise by an extra 3.6 million, including 1.2 million children, by 2030 unless drastic measures are taken by the government. The report said inequality in the UK will continue to rise, with wages of high income households rising 11 times faster than those on low incomes. The first reason is that the people who are in work are on very low wages and their wage is not meeting their living requirements. The second reason is because the cost of housing is exorbitant as it has been recently privatized and has been no program

of house building. And the third reason there has been something like a 25 percent cut in wealth benefits that have been used to target working poor instead of generally live in poverty. The government is being blamed for adopting wrong polices in dealing with the problem. The coalition government has focused exclusively on new liberal policies that enrich the top one percent who have been doubling their income. What we have seen is reversal of wealth and the government policy has exacerbated this by remitting basic benefits rights and also forcing people into exorbitant rents and the Right to Buy program has just supported inflation cost of housing, so the coalition policy has actually contributed to this.�

Pakistan Among Countries With Highest Restrictions On Religion

Pakistan is included in countries where the highest overall levels of restrictions on religion were found, according to the Pew Research Center in Washington. The highest overall levels of restrictions on religion were found in Myanmar, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan and Russia, with both government and society imposing numerous limits on religious be-

Ch Nisar Urges West To Do More To Curb Islamphobia Pakistan’s Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan has urged the West to do more to curb Islamophobia. Talking to British Home Secretary Theresa May in London, he said democracy and freedom of speech in no way give a license to anybody to humiliate Muslims, distort their religious beliefs or make jest of their religious personalities. He said success in the war against extremism can only be achieved through global unity and that those spreading Islamophobia are the biggest divisive factor in stopping the international community from coming together. May said Britain attaches great importance to its relationship with Pakistan, adding that it will do everything to further strengthen these

bilateral ties. Nisar also held a meeting with British National Security Advisers and discussed matters of bilateral interest. The minister shared Pakistan's comprehensive strategy to defeat extremism and terrorism and apprised the adviser about the national consensus evolved in shape of the National Action Plan (NAP) and progress it has made so far. Nisar underscored UK's important role in bringing East and West together in the fight against extremism. Expressing satisfaction on the upward trajectory of Pakistan-UK relations, both sides agreed to continue the momentum of cooperation in a wide range of areas with special focus on security cooperation.

liefs and practices. China had the highest level of government restrictions in 2013, and India had the highest level of social hostilities involving religion. Christians were harassed, either by government or social groups, in 102 of the 198 countries included in the study (52%), while Muslims were harassed in 99 countries (50%).“ Social hostilities involving religion, measured on a country-by-country basis, declined in 2013 after hitting a six-year high the year before. 37% of all nations witnessed such hostile acts as vandalism of religious property and desecration of sacred texts to violent assaults resulting in death and injury, compared to 33 per cent in 2012. The share of countries with high or very high government restrictions on religion stayed roughly the same at 27%

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GPs To Demand Proof Of Nationality In ‘Health Tourism’ Clampdown Patients will have to prove their nationality when registering for a GP following a fresh crackdown on migrants accessing the NHS. The Department of Health plans to launch pilots of the scheme later this year, in an effort to help recover the costs of primary care for migrants from their home countries. According to GPs’ magazine Pulse, everyone enrolling at surgeries in the 10 areas involved in the pilots will be asked for a valid European Health Insurance Card, which entitles holders to state-provided healthcare in European Economic Area (EEA) countries. Health tourism is estimated to cost the UK

around £2bn each year despite the fact that only residents with “indefinite leave to remain” in the country are entitled to free healthcare. Pulse reports that the General Practitioners Committee (GPC) is working with the DoH on the plans. It adds that a GPC briefing paper under the heading of “charging for primary care” says the Government will launch two new consultations in the spring, concluding: “There are plans to start an EHIC pilot in primary care, to encourage the collection of EHICs, increase identification of chargeable patients and increase the engagement of GPs with the costrecovery programme generally.”

Research Says Half Of All Britons Will Get Cancer In Their Lifetimes One in two people in the UK will get cancer at some point in their lives, according to the latest forecast by experts. Cancer Research UK announced the new figure - which replaces the longstanding previous estimate of one in three as it warned the country faces a “crisis” if it does not plan ahead. The charity says the increase in cases is largely attributed to people living longer, but that the number of people surviving the disease has never been higher. Cancer is a disease of old age. The longer you live the more likely you are to get cancer. CR UK think two thirds of the increase is because of

increased longevity, the other third is because cancer rates are actually increasing. While Cancer Research UK said there will “never be one single magic bullet” to cure all cancers, it called for a boost to public health and the NHS to meet looming demands for better diagnostics, treatments and earlier diagnosis. The country’s cancer survival rate has doubled over the last 40 years and around half of patients now survive the illness for more than 10 years. In 1980 the risk of getting cancer was 27.2%, in 1990 it was 32.7%, in 2000 it was 37.1% and in 2010 it was 41.8%.

Use Your Hands Avoiding The Dishwasher May Be A Good Thing Researchers in Sweden found that children living in families that hand-washed their dishes were about 40 percent less likely to develop allergies compared with kids in homes that used a dishwasher. The researchers said they suspect that hand-washing dishes doesn’t get them as clean as the dishwasher does, which is actually a good thing because it can help protect against

Feeding Peanuts To Babies May Prevent Allergies Children with a high risk of developing life-threatening peanut allergies can be protected if given foods containing them when they are babies, according to new research. Almost one in 50 children is allergic to peanuts, double the rate of ten years ago, and the condition kills more people than any other food allergy. The Learning Early About Peanut Allergy study involved 640 children who were considered at high risk of developing peanut allergy due to pre-existing severe eczema or egg allergy. Half the children ate foods containing peanuts at least three times a week until they

“And He taught Adam the names – all of them. Then He showed them to the angels and said, “Inform Me of the names of these, if you are truthful.” - Surat Albaqara, Aya 31

One woman tells of how her parents chose the name Zahra (meaning rose) for her because of the lifecycle of a rose. It begins as a seed, then becomes a bulb, then a bud, then slowly blooms into a beautiful flower. Standing tall through rain and wind, with some petals falling off and others still holding on. “My life is like that of the rose: no matter how much I may fall, I still grow back and I still hold on.” She said. A name may be an Islamic one referencing to an epic historical figure, or it may be an ethnic name that signifies a certain characteristic in that individual. The name Zainab was given to a woman who showed great patience through all the trials and hardships she faced in her life,

referencing to the noble granddaughter of the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh), who also faced great trials and hardships in the land of Karbala hundreds of years ago. Those who chose new names once they had become Muslim have flourished in their new path under a new identity, feeling all the weight of their previous lives left behind. While those who have kept their original names have brought a sense of diversity to Islam. Their names would help portray Islam from all around the world, rather than it being known as an Arab/Eastern religion. There can be a Jeremy or a Kevin or an Allison that are just as Muslim as a Mohammed or Ali or Fatima Whether an Islamic name, or a foreign name, or even a made up name, its the dynamics of one’s character that are the essence of who he is. One may add stature to an ordinary name by having an extraordinary exuberance in behavior, then there are those who may demean a once highly regarded name by their infamous character. Therefore, judge not a person by what they are bequeathed, but rather allow their personality shine out from within.

were five, while the others avoided peanuts altogether. At the end of the study 3.2% of the children who had eaten peanuts had an allergic reaction to them, compared with 17.2% of the control group. Despite their findings, the study’s authors warn parents not to give peanuts to infants or young children without taking medical advice and say further research is needed. One in 50 people suffers from a food allergy and 90% of problems are caused by cows' milk, eggs, wheat, peanuts, nuts, fish and shellfish.

Episodes Of Intense Anger Can ‘Increase Heart Attack Risk’

What’s in a name?

Names are the quintessential part of every living and non-living thing. From the beginning, when God created Adam, He taught him the proper names for everything, even names for which the angels had no knowledge of before then. We all have names, for ourselves, for our families, for our friends, and even for our precious inanimate objects. But does that mean a name defines us as a human being? Or can we accede with Shakespeare’s illustrious line of: “What’s in a name? That which we call a rose would smell as sweet if it were by any other name.” – Juliet’s monologue in the play Romeo and Juliet. Yes, names are a crucial part of being a human, but do they constrain us within their peripheries of cultural or religious significance? Being born and raised a muslim, we often take our names for granted, not realizing that they align perfectly with our daily lives and religious rituals and/ or aspirations.

allergies by exposing family members to more bacteria. The theory — known as the “hygiene hypothesis” — is that increased exposure to microbes during early life may stimulate children’s immune systems. Some experts say the results are interesting, but it’s too soon to recommend hand-washing over the dishwasher.

Blowing your top can dramatically increase the risk of a heart attack, a study has found. An episode of intense anger was found to raise the chances of an attack more than eight-fold in the two hours afterwards. The research adds to previous evidence from studies and anecdotal reports that anger can act as a heart attack trigger. While the absolute risk of any one anger episode

triggering a heart attack is low, data demonstrates that the danger is real and still there. The research focused on 313 heart attack patients admitted to a hospital in Sydney between 2006 and 2012 who were questioned about their emotional state in the 48 hours before they fell ill. A seven-point scale was used to assess anger levels ranging from “calm” to “enraged, out of control, throwing objects, hurting yourself or others”. The threshold of acute anger was defined by a score of five - “very angry, body tense, maybe fists clenched, ready to burst”. Compared with patients’ “usual” anger patterns, the relative risk of having a heart attack was 8.5 times higher in the two hours after an outburst rated as level five or above. High anxiety levels were also associated with an increased risk of heart attack, raising the risk more than nine-fold. The effect was mostly likely due to “increased heart rate and blood pressure, tightening of blood vessels and increased clotting”. The British Heart Foundation say research is needed to explore their suggested link of intense anger as a trigger for a heart attack.

International Womens Day - March 8th International Women’s Day celebrates the economic, political and social achievements of the past, present and future. Its origins are rooted in the struggle for women’s suffrage and equal rights. It has been celebrated worldwide since 1911. Women in Sheffield have the opportunity to join in the celebrations on and around the 8 March, along with women from different parts of the country and the rest of the world. There is a free event in Sheffield around the city in March. Some events are womTown Hall on Saturday 7 March from 12pm midday as well as other events en only and some are open to everyone.

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One Nation boxing gym within a Sheffield mosque is celebrating its win as the best Community Sports Project at the British Ethnic Diversity Sports Awards 2015 at the Ricoh Arena, Coventry. Located in the Netherdge area of Sheffield, the One Nation community Centre and Gym has been going from strength to strength since 2011. The centre is a major hub in the community with the mission statement to eradicate anti social behaviour. The gym is the result of a partnership between the mosque, South Yorkshire Sport and the ABAE. Sheffield Lord Mayor Vickie Priestley officially opened the facility in 2013 , along with Sheffield Central MP Paul Blomfield and Sheffield City Council leader Julie Dore. Since boxing was introduced as an activity at the mosque, hundreds of young people have taken part in the sport. Sessions are delivered by qualified ABAE coaches, but to cope with demand, the gym is hoping to eventually link with a local ABAE-affiliated boxing club or become an amateur boxing club in its own right. Ben Stewart, ABAE club support officer for Yorkshire and Humber, said: “Boxing has really taken off at Jamia Masjid and Usmania Mosque. The sessions have given the young people more reasons to spend time together at the mosque, and it’s great to see clubs in Sheffield reaching out and working closely with their local community groups.” Wajid Nazir, a youth leader at the mosque, has been running the boxing programme with the support of community leader Mohammed Nazir and Jamia Masjid and Usmania Mosque chairman, Mohammed Azaad. Wajid said: "Anti-social behaviour was a concern for local residents, who were witnessing some youngsters taking drugs or hanging around on street corners and forming gangs. Police time was being wasted as officers were forced to focus on nuisance behaviour, and there were concerns that not enough was being done to alleviate the situation. “In July 2012 official figures suggested that 125 anti-social behaviour orders had been handed out in this area alone. That number has declined to 66, but more work needs to be done. The gym is a positive step in the right direction. Boxing provides a great diversion for young people and gives them an opportunity to use their energy in a more positive manner.” The award was decided upon by a combination of public votes and a panel decision. Katherine Mudge, Development Manager at SYSport, has worked closely with the project and commented: “This is fantastic and fully deserved recognition for the time and effort the guys at One Nation Sport have put in to this project and it is one that is going from strength to strength. “The impact they have had in the local community is fantastic and one that I’m sure will continue to develop and we’ll continue to be very proud to provide all the assistance we can.” Well done to the team on the fantastic community initiative and for winning the award recognising the work the team is doing with young people to help prevent anti-social behaviour.

AMIR KHAN PLANS TO FIGHT KELL BROOK LATER THIS YEAR Amir Khan says he believes the proposed 'super-fight' between Floyd Mayweather and Manny Pacquiao will happen, meaning he will face an all-British bout with Kell Brook later in the year. Former two-time world champion Khan says he was in negotiations to face both Mayweather and Pacquiao, but admits that "as a boxing fan" he cannot argue that a meeting between arguably the two best fighters of their generation is "a better fight". That leaves the way open for Bolton-born Khan to face IBF welterweight champion Brook after the Sheffield boxer's mandatory title defence in March, with Khan saying it is the fight British boxing fans want to see.

Winter Recommended For 2022 World Cup A FIFA task force has recommended playing the 2022 World Cup in Qatar in November/December. The task force has also recommended the World Cup should be shortened in compensation for moving the tournament to the winter to avoid the fierce heat of June/July. FIFA's executive committee meeting in Zurich on March 19 and 20 will make the final decision after the task force recommended "end-November/end-December as the most viable period for the 2022 FIFA World Cup", said a FIFA statement. The FIFA statement confirmed the task force had recommended a shorter tournament. The statement said the task force was exploring the option of staging the Confederations Cup in another Asian confederation country during the traditional June/July window in 2021, and using another FIFA competition such as the Club World Cup as the operational test event for Qatar in November/December 2021. The leagues and clubs had pushed for a May/June tournament but that was ruled out on grounds of heat, but they are expected to push for a reduced preparation period beforehand and a cut in the number of international dates during the season."

Customers ‘Duped’ By Energy Switching Deals MPs accuse some price comparison sites of "behaving like backstreet market traders" rather than "trustworthy consumer champions". Energy price comparison websites have been "duping" customers into switching to deals that are not the cheapest on the market and should pay them compensation, a group of MPs have said. The Energy and Climate Change Committee said some sites had used misleading language to dupe consumers into options that only displayed commission-earning deals. It has called on energy watchdog Ofgem to consider requiring price comparison sites to disclose the amount of commission received for each switch at the point of sale. Representatives of the "big five" sites told MPs they earn up to £30 in commission every time a customer switches to a participating provider, or up to £60 when a customer switches both their gas and electricity accounts. Committee chairman Tim Yeo said: "Consumers trust price comparison services to help them switch to the best energy deals available on the

market. "Some comparison sites have used misleading language to dupe consumers into opting for default options that only display commissionearning deals. And others have previously gone so far as to conceal deals that do not earn them commission behind multiple drop-down web options." He added: "As an immediate and essential first step towards rebuilding confidence, the companies should compensate any consumers who have been encouraged to switch to tariffs that may not have been the cheapest or most appropriate for their needs. Last month, uSwitch told the committee it would compensate consumers who had been misled into signing up for an energy tariff that was more expensive than others available. Its chief executive told the committee he was "sincerely disappointed" that a customer was told by his call centre that the cheapest deal available to him was with First Utility, when it was in fact with extraenergy for more than £60 less.

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British Support For Staying In EU Hits Highest Since 2010 Support for Britain remaining in the European Union has hit its highest in more than four years, which coincided with a fall in support for the Eurosceptic UK Independence Party. Pollsters YouGov said 45 percent of people surveyed said they would vote to stay in the EU, compared to 35 percent who would opt to leave. That was a record level of support for the EU and compared to a low of 28 percent in May 2012, it said. The 10-point lead for the "in" camp was also the largest YouGov has recorded since it began asking the question in September 2010, the pollster said. Under pressure from Eurosceptic members of his Conservative Party and the rising popularity of UKIP, Prime Minister David Cameron has pledged

to renegotiate Britain's EU ties before holding a referendum by 2017 if re-elected on May 7. The opposition Labour Party, narrowly ahead of or level with Cameron's Conservatives in most polls, has said it will not offer such a referendum unless there is a substantial shift of powers from London to Brussels. Support for remaining in the EU had risen roughly in tandem with economic confidence. One possible explanation for the movement towards 'in' is that voters have become less interested in disrupting the status quo as they have increasingly felt its rewards.

World’s Poorest ‘Will Wait Centuries’ For Change A British think-tank has warned it will take 100 years for some of the world’s poorest people to get basic health care, sanitation and education services, unless the current approach to aid is radically changed. The report by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), said the current “one size fits all” approach to aid doesn’t recognise the political realities or the competence of certain countries to deliver donor-funded aid programmes. For example, across sub-Saharan Africa, boys from healthy urban families will be able to complete primary school education, but it will take 65 years before girls from poor rural families have the same opportunities. Research has shown us that projects delivering

good results are locally led, politically smart and often employ entrepreneurial techniques. Looking at how aid works is more important than how much to spend. The report follows a warning by a parliamentary watchdog that Britain must find ways to move “beyond aid” to have a global impact. A report by the International Development Committee said Britain should seek new forms of cooperation through links to UK institutions in areas such as health, education, law, culture and science. The committee monitors the policy, administration and spending of the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), which manages overseas aid.

ROTHERHAM – A TOWN CALLED MALICE scribed punishments for these criminals in such circumstances if the clergy (Popes, Mullahs and Rabbinical Courts) and not secular Judges were presiding over their wrongdoings. Every Individual especially those from minority communities, cultures and faiths need to be guardians and ambassadors of that identity. The host culture enables you to promote that which is good about any given culture and community, through the actions and deeds of a given peoples. At the same time it will expose under the cold light of day that which it found to be wrong and detrimental to society as well. Within Hebrew communities, it is a requirement upon every Jew As such it was not totally unexpected that the that he leave this world in a better place than far right BNP and groups like the English League, he found it. That is why you get Jews immersing

from the road to righteousness and calamity can only follow. The incidents of racial and religious abuse within the town and country against Muslim communities generally have escalated. Unbelievable as this sounds Muslims are not a race or culture or particular creed, yet their open conservatism, a trait of modesty, is now a target for the ignorant, misunderstood and ill-educated to abuse as a legacy of the crimes in Rotherham. Young Muslim woman in the aftermath sought comfort in their new female member of parliament for Rotherham Sarah Champion to highlight hate incidents against them, through verbal abuse, spitting and the pulling off of head scarves in the town centre.

themselves into societies where ever they find themselves, educating their peoples, with a thirst for success and achievement in all fields. Jewish philanthropy in America and Europe is not just a random act, but seen as an article of faith. No community especially those privileged ones in the United Kingdom, whose followers adhere to true Islamic principles, would contribute less than any other community. Indeed the obligation in more, a regular two and a half per cent contribution of an individual’s wealth to the poor is obligatory. Alms giving especially in the month of fasting (Ramadan) are the greatest of deeds under the eye of God almighty. It is not by chance that every mention of Prayer in the Holy Quran is followed by a mention of charity and alms giving. When a peoples and communities run out of logical thinking and replace religion with cultural practices, then indeed they will be misguided

In conclusion to my afore mentioned interview Toby Foster asked me, so what lies ahead for Rotherham? To this I replied that it has to be positive as it certainly cannot get any worse. The deconstruction of Rotherham and its politics, with the five commissioners from Whitehall descending to run the towns affairs, needs to be seen as the first steps towards a recovery and emergence of a better town and its institution. Justice for the victims, transparency and accountability has to be the trinity adhered to. Through the appalling actions of a few criminals a minority’s minority, will Rotherham’s majority descent citizens of all faiths and backgrounds emerge to build a better society for all its residents.

I got a call from the BBC. The Toby Foster morning programme wanted to discuss the events in Rotherham, on a day when The Minster Rotherham’s main protestant Church were holding an evening gathering where some six hundred people were to pray for the victims of sexual exploitation. This was the second such service which gathered presumably mainly the Town folk in remembrance and prayer. On the way to the studio I wondered whether the mosques would be filled with worshippers

young men you would like your children to even associate with. They were by and large active to various degrees in the public service based sector, or working for fast food outlets and in general evening trades. One suspects in some cases these young men were in possession of money, enough to buy drugs, had the use of cars and were not in any visible employment. This begs the question what kind of homes did some of these perpetrators actually come from themselves and what subsequent moral values are second and third generation young men growing up with, in and around some northern towns and cities.

in prayer, if the victims had all been Muslim girls or whether fire and brimstone would have filled the air. One thing however was for sure that all decent people from all faiths and cultures were united in condemnation of these despicable acts against girls under the age of consent. The horrific abuse in cases lasting for years and involving the use of violence, drugs and alcohol, to control impressionable and vulnerable girls, whose immaturity and innocence were exploited to satisfy the sexual cravings of criminal gangs with an appetite for paedophilia. In all such emotive cases, where the sexual abuse of minors as classed by the law, takes place and where the perpetrators happen to be from a minority community or multi-cultural background, then the ramifications are far and wide. The perpetrators of these crimes were not the upright citizens of a town and community, the kind of

should seize the opportunity to mobilise on mass supporters from Towns and Cities many miles away to venture into Rotherham as a morally superior people’s army, who conflate issues of religion, ethnicity, culture and nationalism to for want of a better word white wash the problem. Religious scriptures offer strict moral codes to their adherents, to control and regulate their natural desires. No religion that I am aware of, (even man made ones), seeks to promote sexual promiscuity or deviance as a virtue, or beneficiary to its subjects.

Jaan M Khan

Secularism and freedom the very mode of society, which these young men have exploited to carry out their criminal acts, is ironically their last bastion of salvation. Religious societies would not tolerate such actions and the biblical eye for an eye, amputations and death would be the pre-

By Jaan. M. Khan

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PROPERTY INVESTMENT AS A BUSINESS Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son

Some years ago I was asked this question because for many people this has been a hobby not a serious business. Over the years we have witnessed a change in peoples thinking and aspirations property has become a front line business for many people. Property is treated just like any other commodity such as gold and silver,which is bought and sold added to and expanded.

ent rang me to talk about investing in property as a business. There are many people who have given up their careers and have started to invest in property either for rental income or refurbishment and selling on. So why ? ,there is no simple answer but some enter the market because they have money in the bank which is not earning a lot of interest, see the property market as a way of building on their savings. Others take a view that they will invest in one property see how that develops. They then continue to add to the portfolio building to a level they can then say is a business. I am at the front face of this market and have seen these businesses develop into multi million pound portfolios. The skill and judgement I have seen has been absolutely fantastic. The tenacity and entrepreneurial flair from people whose business was never property has given them the tools to succeed in the property market. So how do these people succeed a question I am regularly asked ,firstly they have a passion for property,secondly they surround themselves with a strong team of professional advisor's,such as Chartered Surveyors,Solicitors ,Architects ,Financial Advisor's and other property/construction professionals .A word of caution is that never enter into a property transaction without taking the necessary professional advice.

Many successful businesses are developing in the property world whose beginnings were humble starting with a few properties possibly as a supplement to their main incomes which are now multi million pound portfolios. It can be argued that such businesses will keep on growing and their is evidence of this in the market place. Just look around and see how many new Estate Agencies have been formed in the last few years albeit aimed at the residential market. But more so how If you decide property investment is where you many new investors have come into the market want to be then the question arises what part of this market do you want to enter. The one sector place. which people are most familiar with is residenThere are many reasons for this with major in- tial property A,this probably accounts for the vast vestors down to individuals investing in a few majority of investors especially if you want to buy properties. In fact whilst I was writing this a cli- just a few as a supplement to your normal job.

There is also a new buyer entering this market ,retired people with a lump sum who buy to supplement their pension ,we will see an increase in such an investor in the next few years as pension rules are relaxed. The more professional investor will invest in building up a portfolio ,and, may also venture into developing land with a few houses. Clearly this leads me to the medium scale developer who builds houses to sell or rent ,therefore their interest will be in buying land. In the last few years there has been a increasing demand for land from investors who are becoming developers .It is the one area of the market that is becoming more popular with significant interest in good housing land. Leaving the residential market,other sectors such as investment in retail property are also popular .Typically a investor will buy a shop with a flat above thereby getting two incomes. Such properties are also popular to pure investors who would prefer the property to be let and income producing. There are investors who have built successful businesses on the back of this model of investment. The professional property investors who have been established for numerous years will venture into developing and portfolio building ,they will typically have a strong team of advisor's and a network of support. Developing large

Pakistan Curbing Foreign Funding For Religious Schools Pakistan has said that it had curbed foreign funding received by religious schools and charities through "informal channels." The foreign office statement followed the Saudi Arabian embassy in Pakistan issuing of a denial of alleged funding for terrorism last month. The move to curb foreign funding, which Pakistan said was “regardless of the source or country” is considered a move

to choke off financing for militant groups, after the Taliban killed more than 100 children in the city of Peshawar in December. Saudi Arabia, other Gulf states and Iran have faced media criticism for alleged funding of religious schools promoting their own schools of thought. Foreign Office Spokeswoman Tasnim Aslam said these countries are an impor-

tant contributor to Pakistan's economic development, “However, funding by private individuals and organizations to private entities through informal channels, regardless of the source and country, are being brought under tighter scrutiny in the National Action Plan against terrorism, to choke off any possibility of financing for terrorists and terrorist organizations.”

scale mixed use developments such as retail and residential properties to let or sell. Then there are the multi national companies who develop large scale developments running into billions of pounds of commitments. What has been encouraging in the last few years has been the emergence of young people taking a lead in joining the already established companies. There is a clear hunger and passion amongst these new developing property businesses. The foundations for entrepreneurs of the future are being laid. If you are not from a property background the pull of property investment has enticed many people from varied backgrounds. I believe that property companies that are developing are becoming a catalyst for others to follow. The passion for property is growing ever stronger. I cannot see this diminishing any time soon. My final point is that always take good professional advice it is worth its weight in gold.

The Spanish Flu was the deadliest outbreak of the influenza virus on record, killing between 50 to 100 million people worldwide between 1918 to 1920.

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Remittances Are Changing Destinies The cash sent home by migrants to developing countries is an increasingly important part of the global economy. Posted mostly in bundles of £300 or less, remittances will have totalled £435bn in 2014, reckons the World Bank, a rise of 5 per cent on the year before. Remittances to the developing world have more than doubled since 2003, when the bank began counting them properly. Remittances are three times the size of global overseas development aid, though they far less often enter political discourse. For much of the past decade, they have been steadier than foreign direct investment (FDI) to the developing world. In India, the biggest receiver of remittances, they are bigger than IT exports. If migrants from the developing world had their own nation – population: 181 million – it would be the sixth biggest country in the world, with the sixth biggest GDP at $2.6tn. Of course most of that cash is not remitted, but it is a measure of the economic clout of migrants from the world’s poorest countries. Afghanistan’s president, Ashraf Ghani, says he increasingly has his eye on remittances to build the country’s economy. He wants Afghanistan to encourage and organise workers to travel to counties in the Gulf and also to East Asia as its nations “become labour-importing countries”. “Remittances are going to be a very important issue, an increasingly important thing,” he says. “We want to organise remittances as they flow back to the economy. For example, house-building organised with remittances will ensure people have a legal house. I see remittances as an engine. We have $500m from Iran alone. They really make a difference.”

Huge and growing, remittances’ perhaps most important feature is their tendency to withstand economic turbulence. Economists have observed that remittances tend to rise during times of economic difficulty in the countries to which they are sent. They also go up when the countries in which they are earned are troubled. In 2009, as FDI and portfolio inflows into many developing countries plunged by around 40 per cent, remittances fell by only 5 per cent. Remittances proved to be resilient for a simple reason: unlike other cross-border movements of money, their ebb and flow is governed by altruism. So in 2009, migrants tried to absorb any decline in their income by drawing on savings, reducing consumption, sharing accommodation or rent with others. The impulse to keep remittances stable by personal sacrifice is often the story. Many migrants share their room, often with more than one person, to spread the rent further. The alternative, sending less money home, is unthinkable. Migrants are even known to eat less. The philanthropic motive behind remittances is also obvious in the way money transfers to the developing world often go up in response to natural disasters. A super typhoon in the Philippines in 2013 blew in a remittance increase of 8.5 per cent for the year, according to the World Bank. In Pakistan, remittances can be seen to rise and fall with the country’s annual, often devastating, flood levels. Currency depreciations, a familiar phenomenon in many emerging markets currently, also push up the value of remittances. Crucially, remittances are recorded in recipient countries’ current accounts, often offsetting balance of payments

deficits. They have a more beneficial impact on the balance of payments than other monetary inflows because they bear no interest nor have to be repaid. Even a tiny dent in remittances can affect a country’s balance of payments to meet their balance of payments needs. The reverse is also true. Take the example of the Philippines, where remittances grew by 6.3 per cent in the first half of 2014, pushing the current account balance into surplus. Or Pakistan, one of 20 odd countries in which remittances are bigger than forex reserves. Here, remittances, which cover almost half of imports, are expected to have grown in 2014 by 16.6 per cent on the last; the year’s floods having wrecked more livelihoods than the previous year’s. In Bangladesh, the world’s eighth biggest receiver of remittances, average remittances to receiving households are worth twice per capital income and are equivalent to almost 80 per cent of receiving household’s income. “Remittances give great confidence to our economy”, says Abul Maal Abdul Muhith, Bangladesh’s finance minister. “They vastly improve our reserve position”. He points out that most remittance cash in Bangladesh is spent on consumption, “keeping the economy active – there is a lot of give and take. It feels very good to have 9 million Bangladeshis working abroad”. What is certain that remittances reduce poverty. Remittances are the biggest anti-poverty meas-

ure, bigger than overseas aid or microfinance or anything else. In Mexico and Sri Lanka, research has shown that infants born in remittance receiving households have higher birth weights. In El Salvador, children from remittance-flush homes are less likely to drop out of school. Poverty reduction will have effects on the economy that are impossible to measure. And there are less tangible economic effects of migration too. But two fundamentals will ensure remittances go on growing. The first is that the cost of sending remittances is falling every year – the average cost of sending $200 fell from 9.8 percent in 2008 to 7.9 per cent in the third quarter 2014. The growth in mobile phone and internet based technologies will lower the cost further. It is estimated that if remittance costs were reduced to 1 per cent it would save migrants an annual $30b – around the size of the US aid budget. The second more fundamental reason is that political expediency and anti-migrant rhetoric aside, the developed world needs migrants from the developing world and will continue to do so indefinitely. According to press release issued by State Bank of Pakistan (SBP), Overseas Pakistan workers remitted $10,858.81 million from July 2014 to Janurary 2015, showing an impressive growth of 14.6 percent compared with $9,038.4 million received during the same period of the previous year.

Qila Rohtas - A Legacy Among the list of legacies left behind by Sher Shah Suri – the 'Lion King' of the subcontinent – is the Qila Rohtas, which lies upon a low rocky hill on the Grand Trunk (GT) Road near the city of Jhelum in Punjab.

A view of the Langar Khani gate. The fort has 12 gates

The Rani Mahal

It was built in the 16th century on Sher Shah's orders by Raja Todar Mal in order to suppress the tribes of the region and also to check Humayun’s entry into India.

A view of the surrounding wall of the fort

Terrace near the Mori or Kashmiri Gate. The fort has 12 gates in total The foundation of GT road which connects several cities of Punjab and extends to India, Afghanistan and Bangladesh was also laid down by Sher Shah Suri.

Inside the Shah Wali Gate

Raja Maan Singh's Haveli

The fort also houses the residence of Raja Maan Singh, the most trusted general of Mughal emperor Akbar who stayed here briefly after Sher Shah's death. Maan Singh's haveli was built on the highest point of the fortress.

Portion of the wall surrounding the fort

A merlon on a terrace inside the fort

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Cabinet in the Community

North East Locality Area: Covering the Burngreave, Firth Park, Shiregreen and Brightside and Southey Wards. Shirecliffe Community Centre, 349 Shirecliffe Road Sheffield S5 8XJ Wednesday 11th March 2015, 6.00pm to 8.00pm From 5.00pm there will be a free buffet tea and the opportunity to network with local organisations, meet your local councillors and informally discuss the issues that matter to you. Leaders at Sheffield City Council are to hold a ‘ Question Time’style session to discuss the issues that matter to residents in the North East Area. The items for discussion will be put to the Cabinet by local people in an hour and a half formal session starting at 6:00pm. This will be followed by an opportunity to talk directly with individual members of the Cabinet. To be part of this you can submit your question on the evening or for a more informed response up to five working days in advance of the session by emailing If you have any queries regarding this meeting please contact the North East Locality Officer on 0114 2037562.

Communities secretary Eric Pickles has named the five commissioners who will take over the running of crisis-hit Rotherham and also promised £250,000 to help set up an outreach project to help victims of child sexual exploitation (CSE). Mr Pickles said Sir Derek Myers will be the Lead Commissioner, Stella Manzie will take the role of the Managing Director Commissioner and Malcolm Newsam will be nominated as Children's Social Care Commissioner. He said Mary Ney and Julie Kenny will be supporting commissioners. Mr Pickles announced that he would replace Rotherham Council's cabinet with appointed commissioners following the Casey Report earlier last month which denounced the authority's woeful response to CSE in the town. Louise Casey's report followed last year's shocking Jay Report which described how more than 1,400 children had been subjected to rape, trafficking and grooming between 1997 and 2013. Mr Pickles also referred to the Risky Business project in Rotherham - highlighted in both re-

Communities secretary Eric Pickles

ports as a beacon of hope in the town but which was effectively closed down by the council. He said: "The (Casey) report concludes that the critical work undertaken by Risky Business 'is now missing from Rotherham'. This should not continue, and historic victims of child sexual exploitation should be given the help they need. "So, accordingly, subject to being provided with an appropriate business case demonstrating value for money, I am prepared to make available £250,000 over the next two financial years for a Risky Business-style service to be established."

Award Nomination for Local MP Congratulations to Local MP Paul Blomfield who has been nominated for the Guardian University Award. Since 2010 he has been championing for our universities and their students to promote their huge social, academic, cultural and economic contribution. “Our two universities give life-changing opportunities to students of all ages and make a vital contribution to the

local economy,” he said, adding “I’m proud to represent a constituency which is home to more students than any other (36,000). I have spoken out and campaigned on a range of government decision which I think have badly affected universities and students. “Tripling fees, discouraging international students from studying here, cutting disabled support and more.”

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think The increase of broadband rollout and the growth of WiFi in public spaces is providing society with the huge benefit of access to the Internet quickly and easily. But not all WiFi is as secure as we might think it is. Europol’s Cybercrime Division warns that attacks are rising on public WiFi and are a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data. to steal information, identity or passwords and money from the users who use public or insecure wi-fi connections. The important thing is to distinguish if the public WiFi you are using is secure and not public. When you connect to it, if it requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.


An explosive matchup of our very own world-class fighter, Amir Khan is happening in May. The British superstar and former Unified Super Lightweight World Champion Amir “King” Khan will face current WBA International Welterweight champion Luis Collazo in the 12 round event. "I'm looking forward to fighting in Las Vegas once again, and my intention on May 3 is to make a statement that I belong on this big stage," said Khan. "Luis Collazo might be coming off of a big win, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this challenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one of the best welterweights in the sport." A British standout who represented his nation in the 2004

Olympic Games, where he won a silver medal, Bolton's Amir "King" Khan (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost his title by way of a controversial decision to Lamont Peterson in 2011. Winner of two straight over Carlos Molina and Julio Diaz since, the flashy, flamboyant 27-year-old boxer-puncher is now campaigning at welterweight, where he seeks championship gold once again.

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