June edition ilmnews 2018

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INDIA AND PAKISTAN AGREE TO STOP EXCHANGING FIRE IN KASHMIR Pakistan and India have agreed to stop trading artillery fire in the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir after months of routine skirmishes that have killed dozens of soldiers and civilians. Pakistan’s military said local generals reached the understanding using a special hotline set up to defuse tensions in Kashmir, which is split between Indian and Pakistani zones of control. The nuclear-armed powers both claim Kashmir in its entirety, and the territorial dispute has ignited two wars between Pakistan and India since they gained independence in 1947. Both sides “agreed to undertake sincere measures to improve the existing situation, ensuring peace and avoidance of hardships to the civilians along the borders”, the Pakistani military said in a statement. It said that if future violence occurs in the disputed region, “restraint will be exercised and the matter will be resolved through utilisation of existing mechanisms of hotline contacts and border flag meetings at local commander’s level”. The Indian army confirmed the agreement, say-

ing both sides had pledged to “undertake sincere measures to improve the existing situation to ensure peace and avoidance of hardships to the civilians along the borders”. The two sides also agreed to fully implement a 2003 ceasefire that has been repeatedly violated. Tensions have soared in recent weeks as both sides have launched artillery assaults across the Line of Control dividing the region. Each side has accused the other of starting the hostilities in violation of the 2003 accord. The shelling has cast a pall over the holy month of Ramadan in the mostly Muslim region. The shelling typically flares up in the pre-dawn hours, when families are having suhoor. India says 25 civilians and 18 soldiers have been killed this year in more than 800 ceasefire violations initiated by Pakistan. Pakistan accuses Indian forces of more than 1,050 ceasefire violations this year, resulting in the deaths of 28 civilians and injuries to 117 others.

NEW ‘PUNISH A MUSLIM DAY’ LETTER SURFACES A new “Punish a Muslim Day” letter is believed to have been delivered to households in Rotherham. Punish a Muslim Day Part 2” attempts to justify call for terrorist action against Muslims on July 24. The first letter called for acts of violence against Muslims on April 3rd. The letter states, “Firstly, thank you to all those who participated, or who were thinking of participating in the previous Punish a Muslim day. "You’re awesome! I know there weren’t that many of you and your commitment was deliberately ignored by the media, but the seed has been planted and y’all know how big things can grow from the small. "So you think those Islamic cockroaches have won right? I think not! The time for bloody retribution has arrived.

It adds, "Would you like to teach them a lesson they will never forget, and feel good in the process? "Just choose from the list of punishments below, pop into a charity shop on your local High Street or online, and donate the amount indicated. Then have fun carrying out the act. It’s that simple!” The letter lists a number of horrific violent actions suggested to be conducted against Muslims and gives a monetary value for each act. Examples include £0.50 for “spit[ting] in the face of the Muslim”; £32.00 for “forc[ing] 2 Muslims to fight each other to the death, or set the dogs on them and £128.00 for “Assasinat[ing] the Muslim politician, actor, comedian, café owner, or other leading figure and displace the head on a pole”.

Advocacy group MEND said in a statement, "It is not helpful that many months later the organiser(s) of the last vile letter have still not been caught. "If you receive this letter, please try to limit the amount of handling of the letter to preserve evidence and immediately report it to the police and MEND’s Islamophobia Response Unit (IRU). "The IRU can also help you contact and deal with the police (if you choose to do so), and signpost you towards free legal advice and emotional support that may be available. Anyone who believes they are in immediate danger should contact the police as soon as possible on 999. Twitter users were quick to condemn the letter or offer alternative forms of 'punishment'.

From Dubai To Ahmad Hussain The Day Of Cut - Muslim Power Sindhi Heroes The Khyber Piece List Page 6

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Work On Sheffield’s Major Greens Welcome Drinking Roads Continues Water Project Some of the city’s busiest roads are benefitting from resurfacing as part of the Streets Ahead programme, which will see a long-term investment in Sheffield’s road network. The Council’s highways contractor, Amey, has started work on the next significant phase of the city-wide resurfacing programme which includes improvements to main roads in the Attercliffe and Tinsley areas as well as Chesterfield Road. Work in the Attercliffe area is expected to be completed by the end of June. The surfacing of Chesterfield Road, between Heeley Bridge and Derbyshire Lane, is due to run for approximately four weeks in between June and July as the bus lane scheme nears completion. The programme is part of Sheffield City Council’s £2.2bn Streets Ahead contract with Amey, which continues to improve residential streets as well as main routes. Over the first five years, 727 miles of roads – some 65% of the Sheffield network- have been given a new lease of life. Extensive resurfacing will continue over the next two years before the focus turns increasingly to routine maintenance.

Green Party councillors are welcoming a simple project to encourage the public to drink more water and use fewer plastic bottles. Free and publicly accessible drinking water fountains in the city centre and parks were part of Sheffield Green Party’s budget amendment in March 2018. The council is now planning a pilot to encourage refillable water bottles. Douglas Johnson, Green Party Councillor for City Ward, said, “This is a simple, low-key, low-cost idea but is a great opportunity to promote health, money-saving and the environment.” Drinking fresh water instead of sugary drinks is a great way for children to avoid tooth decay and diabetes in later life. It’s much cheaper if parents can get free refills in town and buying fewer drinks reduces the amount of discarded plastic bottles. It’s win-win-win, so we look forward to the scheme being rolled out as soon as possible. We hope to see it extended citywide and invite businesses and other organisations to play their part.”

DISCLAIMER ILM (The Knowledge) Newspaper does not represent any political, religious or any other group. It is purely for providing general information, entertainment and knowledge to its readers. ILM News does not take any responsibility of any views expressed by authors.

How Much Did The Royal Wedding Cost? Weddings often come with a hefty price tag as no expense is spared on flowers, food, entertainment, the dress and venue. But how much did Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s big Royal Wedding at St George's Chapel in Windsor today cost - and who foot the bill? The marriage of Meghan Markle and Prince Harry, the sixth in line to the British throne, reportedly cost £32 million today. Kensington Palace confirmed the Royal Family would pay for the church service, flowers, decorations and reception. However, Meghan was expected to pay for her own £400,000 Givenchy wedding dress. Windsor had to be locked down for the day and a heavy police presence was put in place to help control the crowds. Taxpayers footed the £30 million security bill for the newlyweds, who will now be known as the Duke and Duchess of Sussex. Some of the other costs included £90,000 for 20 silver-plated trumpets to announce the event, £50,000 on the lemon elderflower cake from Violet Bakery, in East London. Around £110,000 was spent on flowers on the aisles of St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle and St George’s Great Hall, as well as £300,000 to hire the glass marquee for the evening reception in the grounds of Frogmore House. The 2,640 members of the public who were invited to watch at the chapel were treated to £26,000 worth of sausage rolls and hot tea. Prince William and Kate Middleton spent £23.7 million overall on their wedding, which was funded partly by the Middleton’s and also the Royal Family. The Royal wedding was expected to bring an estimated £500 million boost to the UK’s economy.


Cabinet Changes At Sheffield City Council Following the Sheffield City Council Annual General Meeting there are changes to the Cabinet. A new portfolio for Education and Skills has been created. The previous Transport and Infrastructure portfolio is merged with the Planning and Development portfolio to bring together planning, transport and housing development. The Cabinet members and portfolios are now: Councillor Julie Dore – Chair and Leader of the Council Councillor Olivia Blake – Deputy Leader and Cabinet Member for Finance Councillor Mazher Iqbal – Cabinet Member for Business and Investment Councillor Jackie Drayton – Cabinet Member for

Children and Families Councillor Mary Lea – Cabinet Member for Culture, Parks and Leisure Councillor Jayne Dunn – Cabinet Member for Education and Skills Councillor Lewis Dagnall – Cabinet Member for Environment and Streetscene Councillor Chris Peace – Cabinet Member for Health and Social Care Councillor Jim Steinke – Cabinet Member for Neighbourhoods and Community Safety Councillor Jack Scott – Cabinet Member for Transport and Development Councillor Julie Dore, Labour Leader of Sheffield

City Council, said: “We know how important our children and young people are to our city and we are committed to do everything we can to fight to give them the best future possible. We have created a separate Education and Skills portfolio focusing on the development of young people which will help to add to the work we have done going forward. “I am really pleased to be able to welcome Chris, Jim and Lewis to the Cabinet and would like to thank Ben, Bryan and Cate for the work and commitment they have given to our city and the contribution they have made.”

Former Refugee Magid Magid Becomes Sheffield Lord Mayor A former refugee who has taken over as Sheffield's Lord Mayor says he hopes to bring the role "into the 21st Century". Magid Magid, is the city's first Somali mayor, first Green Party mayor, and, at 28, the youngest mayor. He came to Sheffield aged five after six months in an Ethiopian refugee camp with his mother and five siblings who left Somalia "to find a better life". "Just me being in the post brings an element of difference to the role," he said. Mr Magid, added: "I hope it will help engage those that have not previously engaged before." He was sworn into his new role at the annual mayor-making ceremony. But his story is not a case of a privileged upbringing helping to open doors but of determination, ambition - and a love of climbing mountains. Born in Burao in war-torn northern Somalia, Mr Magid said he did not remember much of his childhood and had never returned to his country of birth. "I remember just being happy, playing around as you do as a kid, but in reality it was a completely different story," he said. His family set up home in Sheffield's Burngreave area. He said life was difficult when he and his family arrived, trying to learn the language and adapt to a new way of life. His mother worked as a cleaner to look after her children, with Magid and his siblings acting as translators. He went to Fir Vale School where he said he was "just like your average child". By the time he was 17 he said his "massive fascination with mountains" had emerged. "I really wanted to climb the seven summits, so I worked 12-hour shifts

every day for nine weeks and paid to go on a mountaineering course in the Swiss Alps. "When I was 19 I wanted to climb Kilimanjaro, so I packed what I needed, went to the local town and found someone to climb it with me. "I guess that's how I like to do things. I like to look for solutions to barriers, and being courageous and brave is part of being able to do that." From mountain tops to the bottoms of the ocean, Magid went on to study aquatic zoology at the University of Hull. "I just really wanted to go to university," he said. "You are taking yourself out of your comfort zone and where else would you meet so many people from different parts of the world and experience such different things in one place. That's what I wanted." He said he developed an interest in politics while at university and was elected as president of the students' union. He admits he was not "politically savvy" adding he "had no idea between the left and the right but I knew I cared about certain issues".

In 2014 he delved further into politics, becoming a regular viewer of the BBC's Daily Politics show, "I used to think, 'who actually watched this?'" he said, "but there I was". Despite friends and family largely supporting Labour, he said he found the Green Party better represented his views and in 2016 he was elected as Green councillor for Broomhill and Sharrow Vale.

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Child Poverty Up 1 Million Since 2010 Number of children growing up in poverty to hit 3.1 million this year, up almost 50 per cent since 2010 One million more children in working households are growing up in poverty than did so in 2010, largely because of cuts to in-work benefits and public sector pay freezes, research for the Trades Union Congress has found. A study found that child poverty in working families will hit 3.1 million in the 2018-19 tax year up almost 50 per cent from 2.1 million when the coalition government came to power. Around 600,000 of those children have been pushed into poverty by pay freezes and benefits cuts, the study calculated. Weak wage growth and the spread of insecure work have also contributed the overall rise of one million, while some is a result of population growth. The number of children in poverty has grown by at least 30 per cent in every region of the UK, the research found, with the East Midlands experiencing a 76 per cent jump – the largest

in the country. Families in which both parents work in the public sector have been hit hardest, having seen their average household income fall by £83 a week in real terms, while households with one parent who works in the public sector have lost £53 a week, according to the study. Workers in health and education have been taken a 13.3 per cent pay cut in real terms since 2010 for while workers in public administration have seen wages slashed 14.3 per cent. A Government spokesperson said: “We do not recognise the TUC’s figures. The reality is there are now one million fewer people living in absolute poverty compared with 2010, including 300,000 fewer children. “We want every child to get the very best chances in life. We know the best route out of poverty is through work, which is why it’s really encouraging that both the employment rate and household incomes have never been higher.”

Drivers ‘Less Likely To Reoffend’ After Speeding Course Speed awareness courses are “clearly working well”, according to official figures, which suggest a lower re-offending rate among recent attendees. The increasingly-popular and sometimes-controversial courses – labelled a Government ‘cash cow’ by critics – are offered to motorists for a fee of £100, as an alternative to a fine and three points on their driving licence. Latest figures show that in the six months after a first offence, those who attend a course are up to 23% less likely to speed again, compared to those who accept the points. The major Government-funded study analysed

data on 2.2 million UK drivers, concluding that the courses appear to have a lasting impact. After three years of sitting the half-day course, the reoffending rate was up to 13% lower than drivers who chose not to attend. In 2017, 1.4 million motorists elected to attend a course, a new record, instead of accepting the usual punishment. The findings also suggest those who opt to take the course are less likely to be involved in serious collisions that cause injury. Since last September, £45 of each course fee paid by drivers goes straight to the police, who pocketed £56.7 million in 2017.

One Third Of Millennials Will Never Own Their Own Home Britain's millenial generation are struggling to get on the property ladder - new report A new report predicts that of Britain’s millennial generation – defined as people born between 1980 and 1996 – 40% will still be renting into their 40s, while a third could be doing so into retirement. The research also warns that the Government’s housing benefit bill could soar as a result. The report states: “This rising share of retiree renters, coupled with an ageing population, could more than double the housing benefit bill for pensioners from £6.3bn today to £16bn by 2060 – highlighting how everyone ultimately pays for failing to tackle Britain’s housing crisis.” Britain's housing problems have developed into a full-blown crisis and young people are bearing the brunt - paying a record share of their income on housing in return for living in smaller, rented accommodation. While there have been some steps recently to support housebuilding and first-time buyers, up to a third of millennials still face the prospect of renting from cradle to grave.

If we want to tackle Britain's housing crisis we have to improve conditions for the millions of families living in private rented accommodation. That means raising standards and reducing the risks associating with renting through tenancy reform. The report recommends a three-year cap in rent increases, as well as changes to the tax system to discourage second home ownership. Labour has long advocated tighter regulation of the private rented sector – proposing secure three-year tenancies and a licensing scheme for landlords. A spokesman for Department of Housing, Communities and Local Government said: "Our Help to Buy scheme and the recent cut in stamp duty are helping more young first time buyers get on the property ladder. “Figures show that we are seeing the highest number of first time buyers for more than a decade. But we're also ... giving councils stronger powers to crack down on bad landlords and consulting on stronger protections for tenants themselves."

PEMRA Bans Amir Liaquat For 30 Days The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority has banned televangelist and Pakistan Tehreeke-Insaf leader Amir Liaquat from appearing on television for the month of Ramazan, according to reports. The regulatory body banned Hussain from TV after he was found to have violated several PEMRA rules during his show on a private channel. The regulatory body issued a notice in this regard, and banned the PTI leader from appearing on any TV channel for a period of 30 days. According to

officials, the TV host used religious pretexts merely for creating sensation and in order to achieve maximum rating. The notification issued by the regulatory body added that the controversial incident caused by Hussain had hurt the sentiments of the different people. Earlier, the Islamabad High Court (IHC) had barred controversial host and former politician Aamir Liaquat Hussain from appearing on TV for using Islam for his personal gain and spreading hatred.

Sheffield Council Staff Rack Up 100 Driving Offences More than 100 driving offences, including speeding and driving in bus lanes, have been racked up by council staff in Sheffield, according to the Local Democracy Reporting Service. The council has 1,180 drivers and 876 vehicles and says it's down to individuals to take responsibility for fines and penalties.

The road safety charity Brake said the council should do more to educate staff on the dangers of speeding. “Driving over the speed limit is selfish, dangerous and puts lives at risk. Everyone who drives should abide by speed limits and respect all other road users, and those driving for work are no exception. "

Replacing Lost Car Keys Costs Motorists Over £180M Millions of drivers waste hours every year hunting for mislaid keys, and those who fail to find them have spent a massive £180m replacing them. Interestingly, while women seem to be more prone to losing their keys, men are more likely to lock them in their car. The RAC’s Opinion Panel survey quizzed over 2,000 motorists and found that 43% – amounting to some 16 million drivers – regularly forget where they’ve left their keys. On average, absent-minded drivers spend 2 minutes 10 seconds a day searching for them – which adds up to over half a day a year. The survey also found that 1 in 20 drivers – almost 2 million – admit to having lost their car keys for good. And while 39% of the motorists who permanently lost their car keys made do with a spare


key, more than half (54%) bought a replacement. With new keys costing an average of over £176, that amounts to an eye-watering total bill across the UK of more than £180m. The research also shows the lengths to which some drivers go to retrieve keys they have accidentally locked in their car. Among motorists who locked their keys in their vehicle, 31% called a breakdown service such as the RAC, 32% used their spare key, 20% managed to open the door another way, 3% called a locksmith, and 3% went as far as smashing the window. With today’s sophisticated keys, including transponders and remote devices, a replacement key can cost up to £500.

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THE DAY OF SINDHI HEROES (MARTYRS) COMMEMORATED By Dr Syed Alam Shah Sheffield: On 12th May 2018 the WSC (World Sindhi Congress) and SSUK (Sindhi Sangat United Kingdom) commemorated Sindhi Heroes Day in Sheffield United Kingdom. WSC, a most prominent UK, USA, CANADA, Sindh based Human Rights groups and Sindhi Sangat UK, marked 12th May 2018, the day of remembrance of Sindhi Heroes. Hundreds of people and diaspora including women and children paid tribute to Sindhi Heroes especially to the martyred of Sindhi nationalism. Every year WSC and SSUK commemorate the martyrs Remembrance Day for the Sindhi heroes from the times Raja Dahar’s fighting with Arab enemies in history to the contemporary Sindhi nationalists being killed by the security agencies of Pakistan in recent times. They also highlighted the issues of enforced disappearances of Sindhi nationalists, political and human rights activists, and many other human rights abuses in Sindh. They lambasted ISI, MI and Pakistan Army to have established the reign of terror by attacking on the unity of Sindh by sponsoring internationally proscribed organizations (SSP, Jamatuddawa, LeJ) to create religious hatred based on sectarian lines and politically adapting the policy of divide and rule to segregate the Sindh into two helves like Urdu speaking Sindhi and Sindhis in Sindh. While I am writing this news report, I received a phone call from one of my friend based in Karachi Sindh, today 21st of May Pakistani Security Agencies (police and Rangers) invaded the hunger strike being observed by the members of the voice of missing persons in Karachi press club. Meanwhile, four Sindhi Human Rights Activists are known to have been abducted forcibly, their names have been confirmed as Arbab Shah, Jani Panwar, Farhan Mangrio, and Zahid Bughti. Even Sindhi human rights women activists were assaulted, and their clothes were torn when security personals dragged them to the police mobile. The participants were seen crying for and saying more than 160 people have been disappeared in the months of March to May 2018. One of the protester was heard saying ‘today military establishment deprived us of our basic right to protest and raise the voice for rule of law and justice’. Ms Sheern Khokhar said, ‘the security agencies have misbehaved with our women HR activists like Sasui, but security personal did not feel ashamed on


this act of violence, terror and crime against peaceful protesters’. However, human rights defenders, political leaders and civil society activists strongly condemned security agencies raiding peaceful protesters. On the other hand, World Sindhi Congress called the immediate meeting to respond and show solidarity with the victims, WSC members would protest just in front of Pakistan Embassy in London on 27th May and draw the attention of world community to see how Pakistani security agencies are committing crime against innocent citizens and political, human rights activists in Sindh.

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THE LEASEHOLD / FREEHOLD DEBATE Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son If you have been following the news recently this has been a major news item. It is a topic I am fairly familiar with but most people probably will not be and why should they. When you buy a property you are told it is held either on a freehold or leasehold title which probably means very little to you. Lets explain the difference between the two: Freehold - This is when you own the property outright including the land it is built on. It is the most complete property ownership. Leasehold - If you are a leaseholder you own the property and land for a period of time agreed with your freeholder, paying a ground rent. When the lease ends the property and land returns to the freeholder. There are millions of property owners who own their properties on a leasehold basis. Leases on residential properties can range from 99 years to 999 years at a nominal ground rent which could be a peppercorn or a monetary sum of 10p per annum to £100 per annum. In other examples ground rents may well be indexed linked or reviewed on a regular basis.

As a leaseholder you may also have covenants in the lease which oblige you to seek consent for improvements, extensions, transfer, sale and many more. In return for consent you may be charged an administration fee and consent charge. Another major issue is when your lease drops below a certain number of years, it becomes more difficult to obtain a mortgage or sell your property. In situations like this you will either need to extend the lease or buy the freehold of your property. The reason it has become a major issue is that there are many examples where leaseholders have been charged exorbitant fees for lease extensions and consents. In some extreme cases where leases have dropped below a certain number of years it has become difficult for people to sell their properties. The difficulty being the cost of extending the lease or buying the freehold is beyond their budget thereby ending in a dilemma for the owner. Others have encountered difficulties in selling their properties because of increasing ground rents.

The most extreme case I have encountered is when an owner did not realise his lengthy lease was coming to an end and there was the real possibility the property would transfer to the freeholder. In this particular situation the owner had to negotiate almost the market value of the property to keep their home. The alternative being the freeholder could have taken ownership of the property. One important point to bear in mind is that as a residential leaseholder you have the legal right to buy your freehold interest. The process is laid down and you really need to take the advice of a solicitor or a Chartered Surveyor before proceed-

UK’s Richest People Revealed Each year the UK's wealthiest people are named in the Sunday Times Rich List, which tells you roughly how much they're worth. When the list started in 1989 Queen Elizabeth II was the wealthiest person in the UK. Each list ranks the top 1,000 wealthiest people in the UK and has done since 1989. Who's on the list in 2018 and what are they worth? Businessman Jim Ratcliffe, who once lived in a council house near Manchester, is the richest person in the UK with a whopping £21.05billion to his name, according to The Sunday times Rich List. The 65-year-old went to Beverley Grammar School in Yorkshire and got an MBA from London Business School, according to a Financial Times profile. Ratcliffe founded chemical firm Ineos and he's the first UK-born person to top the Rich List since the Duke of Westminster in 2003. His wealth has increased by £15billion since 2017, when he came 18th on the list.

Jim Ratcliffe The Hinduja brothers, Sri and Gopi, came second on the 2018 list with £20.64billion. Their fortune increased by £4.44billion in the last year. British-American industrialist-turned-media mogul Sir Len Blavatnik came in third place with £15.26billion. Sir Philip Green's estimated wealth fell by £787million to £2billion - partly because of his decision to contribute £363m to the BHS pension deficit. Jamie Oliver fell off the list entirely. There are 141 women on the rich list, with Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken, of the brewing dynasty, in the highest position at number six.


Britain is changing. Gone are the days when old money and a small band of industries dominated the Sunday Times Rich List. Aristocrats and inherited wealth has been elbowed out of the list and replaced by an army of self-made entrepreneurs. Here's a list of the 20 richest people who made 2018's list: 1. Jim Ratcliffe is worth £21.05billion - gained from his chemical firm Ineos 2. Sri and Gopi Hinduja are worth £20.64billion - fro industry and finance 3. Leonard Bavatnik is worth £15.259billion and owns Warner Music Group 4. David and Simon Reuben are worth £15.096billion made from property and internet businesses 5. Lakshmi Mittal and family is worth £14.667billion - they provide steel for one in four of the world's cars 6. Charlene de Carvalho-Heineken and Michel de Carvalho are worth £11.1billion together from their exploits in brewing and banking alongside inherited wealth 7. Kirsten Rausing and Jörn Rausing are worth £10.848billion thanks to inheritance and investments 8. Alisher Usmanov is worth £10.556billion thanks to mining and investments 9. Galen Weston and George G. Weston and family are worth £10.05billion from their food and retail ventures 10. The Duke of Westminster is worth £9.964billion 11. Ernesto and Kirsty Bertarelli is worth £9.659billion 12. Sir James Dyson and family is worth £9.5billion 13. Hans Rausing and family and Roman Abramovich are in joint 13th place with £9.333billion 15. Sir David and Sir Frederick Barclay are worth £7.4billion 16. Andy Currie and John Reece are in joint 16th place with £7billion 18. Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jaber and family are worth £6.747billion 19. John Fredriksen and family are worth £6.703billion 20. Earl Cadogan and family are worth £6.7billion

ing. The Government has now put out a consultation paper, the main tenor of which is that any new properties being built and sold should be on a freehold basis. If there are to be leaseholds the rents should be fairer. Just for clarification the rules around commercial properties are very different. In conclusion it is important when you are buying a property to be aware if it is leasehold or freehold. If you are a leaseholder wanting to buy your freehold it is important you take the right professional advice.

You Could Be Fined £1,000 If You Park The Wrong Way At Night If you park your car facing the wrong way at night, you could be fined up to £1,000. That’s because you could be violating a littleknown law that stipulates drivers must park the same way as the flow of traffic, if not using a marked bay. Rule 248 of the Highway Code states that cars parked on unlit roads must not face traffic because it can lead to serious accidents if they don’t. It states: ‘You must not park on a road at night facing against the direction of

the traffic flow unless in a recognised parking space.’ Cars parked the correct way would be visible and illuminated by headlights bouncing off the rear reflectors. But the law is little-known and motorists could be left with huge fines if they do unintentionally flout the rules. Fines could be as much as £1,000 for cars and up to £2,5000 for goods vehicles or passenger vehicles over eight seats.

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What Is The Circadian Rhythm? Mr Shumile J. Chishty At certain times during the day you will feel energized and at some times during the day you feel drowsy, why is it that we experience these physiological and mental changes at certain times of the day, every day? An explanation for this is the circadian rhythm, this is a 24-hour internal clock which involves physical, mental and behavioural changes that follow a daily cycle and they

respond primarily to light and darkness in an organism's environment. The eye has certain cells called photosensitive retinal ganglion cells which are responsible for detecting the brightness of our surroundings. Circadian rhythms are also known as sleep/wake cycle. This is an innate timing device of an organism. For the average adult to largest decline in energy is said to be during 2:00-4:00 am , when your in a deep sleep , and then you tend to crave

Brexit, Austerity And Immigration Policies ‘Have Made UK More Racist’ A United Nations inspector has hit out at the Government over austerity and its immigration policies, saying it has made the UK a more racist country. Tendayi Achiume, the UN's special rapporteur on racism, also said Brexit had made people "vulnerable to racial discrimination and intolerance". Following a two-week trip visiting victims of race hate crimes in the UK, she criticised the Government's adoption of "sweeping austerity measures" since 2010, which "disproportionately" affected ethnic minorities. She also condemned the "hostile environment" which developed while Theresa May was Home Secretary. "The harsh reality is that race, ethnicity, religion, gender, disability status and related categories all continue to determine the life chances and well-being of people in Britain in ways that are unacceptable and in many cases unlawful. Austerity measures have been disproportionately detrimental to racial and ethnic minority communities. Unsurprisingly, austerity has had especially pronounced intersectional consequences, making women of colour the worst affected." She also said the outlook for young black boys in the UK "remains grim and has actually wors-


ened". Before arriving in the UK, Ms Achiume said she wanted to look into the role the EU referendum may have played in exacerbating "structural forms of discrimination and exclusion in Britain". "I think the environment leading up to the referendum, during the referendum and after the referendum has made racial ethnicities more vulnerable to racial discrimination and intolerance," she said. However, the UN inspector did praise Mrs May's 2016 racial disparity audit, which she called a "remarkable step in transforming racial equality into reality". She said it was "worthy of emulation by governments all over the world". The audit looked into how people of different ethnicities were treated across public services and assessed inequalities between different groups. Ms Achiume also called for aspects of the 2014 and 2016 Immigration Act to be repealed. She said: "The hostile environment will remain in place for as long as the legal and policy frameworks rooted in 2014 and 2016 Immigration Acts remain in place. The UK has much to do in the arena of addressing structural and institutional forms of racial discrimination and inequality."

food between 12:00-3: 00 pm, these times can vary depending on whether you are a person to wake up early in the morning or sleep late at night. The disruption of a circadian rhythm results in different sleeping patterns and eating patterns. A certain part of the brain controls your circadian rhythm, the hypothalamus, for example when its dark at night, the retinal ganglion cells in your eyes, send a signal to the hypothalamus to say that it is dark and that its time to feel tired, your brain then sends a signal to release a chemical hormone called melatonin, which what makes us very tired . As we get older our circadian rhythm will tend to change due to our hectic lifestyle, for example for a 6-year-old they would sleep a lot more , but when they reach the age of 17 then sleeping hours reduce and as a result the circadian rhythm changes, other factors such as jet lag, seeing light during the night and anything that prevents light reaching the retinal ganglion cells. This raises the question ‘’how do the visually impaired cope if the light is absent in their lives?’’ According to research the visually impaired suffer from a highly disruptive condition called non-24-hour sleep-wake

disorder, this takes their ability away from keeping in sync with societies 24-hour schedule. Without the daily reset that light provides, the visually impaired will have a high concentration of melatonin in their body. The body then has to rely on its own clock, and will soon push sleep into daytime, causing overwhelming daytime sleepiness and chronic insomnia at night. Those who suffer from Non-24 hour sleep-wake disorder describe this feeling as constantly having jet lag, and sometimes they fall asleep mid-way speaking or simply can’t get out of bed. Researchers are building up a treatment where synthetic melatonin is used with different levels of intensity, if this treatment becomes successful it will give an insight into every aspect of the functioning of the circadian rhythm. Here are the stages of the circadian rhythm (on average): 15:30- in the afternoon- you have the fastest reaction time. 17:00- you have the greatest cardiovascular efficiency and muscle strength 18:30your blood pressure is at its highest 19:00 your body temperature increases to its maximum. 21:00- your melatonin secretion starts 23:30- Bowel movements are suppress ed 02:00- deepest sleep 04:30lowest body temperature 06:45- sharpest rise in blood pressure 07:30melatonin secretion stops 08:30Bowel movement begins 10:00- Highest alertness

Mother Becomes First Woman In England To Be Convicted Of Forced Marriage The mother has been jailed for four-andhalf years for the forced marriage and perjury charges. A mother has become the first person in England to be convicted of forcing someone into marriage, after she deceived her daughter into travelling to Pakistan for what she thought was a family holiday. The Birmingham woman, who is in her 40s but cannot be named for legal reasons, took her daughter there to marry her daughter to a man she had been promised to. After their arrival, the mother told her daughter that her wedding would be happening within days. The victim was shown a picture of her future husband - whom she recognised as the man she had been introduced to during a trip to Pakistan when she was 13. When she protested and threatened to return home, her mother told her she had no choice and it was a ‘cultural matter’. She threatened to burn the victim’s passport to prevent her ever returning to the UK. The victim was beaten by her mother and other relatives as punishment for her ‘defiant’ behaviour. Desperate, she managed to use her mother’s phone to make contact with friends in the UK and explained she was going to be married against her will; she begged them to help her. Eventually, after days of continuous pressure, she was made to sign a marriage certificate, and was taken to a wedding ceremony.

Alerted by her friends, Birmingham City Council Children’s Services and West Midlands Police asked the victim’s mother to come to the UK. She returned, leaving the victim behind with her new husband, and lied to the High Court under oath, claiming that her daughter had not been married. When the judge ordered that the victim be returned to the UK, her mother threatened her with black magic, leaving the vulnerable and terrified victim no choice but to lie as well. Eventually, supported by her friends and other members of her family, the victim found the courage to tell the truth about what had happened to her in Pakistan. Her mother was arrested and interviewed, and claimed that the marriage had been consensual. Following a three week trial at Birmingham Crown Court, she was convicted of deceiving her daughter into leaving the country for a forced marriage, forcing her daughter to marry and perjury. She was cleared of perverting the course of justice.

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Top Tips To Make Sure You Donate Safely To Charity This Ramadan While most fundraising appeals are genuine, there are sadly people who exploit the generosity of others for their own gain. Muslims across the world make charitable donations all year round but in particular during the holy month of Ramadan either through collections at the local mosque or via door-to-door and street collectors. It is important that these donations go to properly registered and accountable charities to support important and deserving causes. People are encouraged to look at and follow the advice to make sure their

donations get to the right place. Ten tips to make sure you give safely this Ramadan 1. Before giving, check the charity’s name and registration number against the online charity search tool: Find a charity – register of charities. 2. Fundraisers require a licence from the local authority to collect in a public place. Check that they have this. If the collection is in a privately owned place, check that they have the owner’s permission. 3. When approached by collectors, check

whether they are wearing a proper ID badge and that any collection tin is sealed. 4. If in doubt, ask the collector for more information – a genuine fundraiser should be happy to answer questions and explain more about the work of the charity. 5. Genuine fundraising materials should feature the charity’s name, registered name and a landline contact number. Be wary of those that list only a mobile number. 6. Make sure when you give to radio and television appeals that the process is secure. Ofcom lists the rules for radio and television charity appeals on its website: Licensing – Ofcom website. 7. Take care when responding to emails or clicking links to a charity’s website to ensure that they are genuine. Instead, search online for your chosen charity to check you have the right web address. 8. Carefully review collection bags for clothing and household goods to ascertain whether they are from a genuine charity. 9. After making these checks, if you think that a collection or appeal is not legitimate, report it to Action Fraud on 0300 123 2040 and inform the Charity Commission: Action Fraud – Police. 10. Don’t be pressurised to give to a collection immediately. If in any doubt, donate directly to charity. If you are in doubt, ask for their identification, charity name and number or alternatively do not answer the door. If you are concerned, contact the police on 101, call Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.

Romanians Second Most Common Non-British Nationality In Uk The Office of National Statistics revealed that there are now more Romanians living in the UK than Irish or Indians. The number of Romanian nationals living in the UK in 2017 was estimated to be 411,000 – a jump of 25% from the previous year – the largest increase recorded by any country. Poland still remained the most common nonUK nationality, with over one million people living in the UK. Republic of Ireland was in the third place with 350,000 nationals followed by India with 346,000. Since the reporting began in 2004, the non-UK population – both those who are born abroad or are not British nationals has increased every year. From the 65,176,000 people in the UK, 6.2 million were non-UK nationals, that is an increase of 4% and the number of people living in the UK and born abroad is 9.4 million, which is a 3% increase since 2016.

The increase can be attributed to Brexit with 3.8 million non-UK nationals, ie 61% are from the EU. The number of applications by EU nationals for UK citizenship doubled to 40,000 in the last 12 months and the number who were issued permanent residence cards rose to 168,000. Romanians continued coming to the UK to work and earn more than what they would in their home country, however, the number of EU nationals seeking employment seems to have reached a standstill, with registrations for national insurance numbers in the last 12 months till March 2018 being down by 20% from the previous year. London has the highest proportion of non-UK born and non-British national residents at 38% and 24% respectively. When broken down by local authority, London accounts for all five of the top spots.

Million Pound Homes Sales On The Rise In Sheffield A taste for the high life is on the up as sales of million pound homes in England and Wales rose to new heights last year. Property sales in excess of £1 million have more than doubled in 104 local authority areas of England and Wales over the past decade, with the biggest increase seen in the East of England, where sales have doubled. In Sheffield a total of 49 homes over £1 million have been sold since 2007, with the most expensive property selling for a staggering £5,000,000. A mere seven million pound properties were sold in Sheffield in 2007, rising to a total of 10 in 2017, showing sales have increased by 43 per cent in the area. In the UK as a whole, a total of 16,119 sales of homes for

£1 million or more were completed last year, a steady rise of five per cent from 2016. Investment in areas with leading universities has contributed to the rising house prices in some areas, leading some locations to experience a huge boost in million pound sales. Cambridge saw the biggest rise, with a 441 per cent increase, along with Warwick (up 317 per cent), Oxford (up 270 per cent), Bristol (up 260 per cent) and York (up 150 per cent). The rises in £1 million plus sales over the past decade come despite a drop in the market in the aftermath of the financial crisis, and while most of these sales were in London, millionaire's rows are becoming much more common place across the country.

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From Factory Labourer To A Star At Lord’s Mohammad Abbas has seen everything. He has seen life’s bitter hardships as a factory labourer at a leather factory in Sialkot. And most recently, he received the man-of-thematch award for his spectacular performance at Lord’s to help Pakistan beat England. Abbas took eight wickets for 64 runs at Lord’s. Previously, in Dublin Test, he bagged nine wickets. Arguably, his inclusion in the team has provided the Pakistani pace attack with some much-needed variation, which it has been missing for long. He is on a roll. Although Abbas' wish to get his name on the Lord's honour board could not be fulfilled during this tour, the fast bowler is determined to get into the prestigious list during the next tour. Looking by his form, his talent and his hunger to prove himself, one won’t be surprised if he accomplishes this in the near future. The right-arm pacer, who hails from a small village of Sambrial town near Sialkot district, reflected on his journey in an interview. "I was playing domestic cricket for last seven, eight years. I got the chance to get into the national squad after transforming into a mature

31 WICKER, SHEFFIELD, S3 8HS bowler," he said. "And I proved my mettle by bagging forty wickets in seven Tests, thanks to Almighty." Abbas takes pride in the fact that he did not 'parachute' into the national squad but made space in the team having gone through a process. "Like every other cricketer, I also wanted to become a Test cricketer. Today, with the grace of Almighty, I received the man-of-the-match award." Asked what is next for him now, the star bowler said: "I want to make my place in the ODI and T20 squad." Whether Abbas will be selected for the limitedovers format remains to be seen but one thing is for sure: his thunder at Lord’s will echo at the next Pakistani selection committee’s meeting.

UK Spending On Foreign Aid For every hundred pounds that’s made in the UK, seventy pence goes towards foreign aid. Another way to say this is that the government has a target to spend 0.7% of the UK’s Gross National Income on overseas development aid each year. Gross National Income (GNI) is the UK’s annual output of goods and services, plus any income we get from abroad. In 2016, the UK spent £13.4 billion on overseas aid, in line with the 0.7% target. Because the UK economy is set to get bigger over the next few years the real value of development aid spending is expected to increase. By 2021 we could be spending about £14.5 billion, based on the Office for Budget Responsibility’s forecasts and in 2016 prices. That’s a bit uncertain though; the amount we actually end up spending will depend on how much the economy grows. Where does the target come from? 0.7% is the UN’s target for all developed countries and has been since 1970. In principle the UK government has been signed up to the target since 1974 but it only achieved it for the first time in 2013. In 2015 it was put into UK law, which means that the government has a legal duty to meet the 0.7% target. The legal duty can’t be enforced through the courts but the International Development Secretary has to explain herself to parliament if we don’t meet it.

sations, like the United Nations. The other 64% goes to programmes in specific countries as bilateral aid. The five biggest recipients of bilateral aid are Pakistan, Syria, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Afghanistan. When it comes to continents, significantly more gets spent in Africa (51%) and Asia (42%) than anywhere else. The Department for International Development (DfID) is responsible for most of the UK’s aid spending. They spend 74% of our ODA target; the rest is spent by other government departments and organisations. How much is £13.4 billion? The 0.7% target has had a long history of opposition, most recently from people who argue that the money would be better spent on domestic priorities, like social care or defence spending. But it’s hard to say whether we’re spending ‘too much’ just by looking at the numbers alone. As an example: £13.4 billion is roughly one tenth of government spending on health in England; from another perspective, it’s a bit more than all spending on police in England and Wales. How do we compare internationally? Only five other countries hit the UN’s 0.7% target for development spending in 2016.

Spending counts as overseas development assistance if: It goes towards a specific list of low and middle income countries, or institutions like the World Bank It’s spent by the government or government agencies It’s spent first and foremost to promote economic development and welfare It’s a grant, or loan that gives the borrower a much better deal than a loan at market rate Where does the money go? About 15% goes as humanitarian aid, or crisis relief, with the rest focused on strategic or longterm goals. 36% of the money goes via multilateral organi-


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Suffering From Osteoarthritis? Consuming one gram of fish oil every day and including spinach in the diet could help reduce the pain of patients with osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis that generally affects the hands, hips and knees. In the study published in the journal Rheumatology, the researchers examined the link between diet and the effective self-management of osteoarthritis. Analysing 68 previous studies in the field, they found that a low-dose supplement of fish oil (one and a half standard capsules) could result in pain reduction for patients with osteoarthritis and help improve their cardiovascular health. Essential fatty acids in fish oil reduce inflammation in joints, helping to alleviate pain, the study said. An increase in foods rich in vitamin K such as kale, spinach and parsley was also found to deliver benefits to patients with osteoarthritis. Vitamin K is needed for vitamin-K-dependent (VKD) proteins, which are found in bone and cartilage. An inadequate intake of the vitamin adversely affects the working of the protein, affecting

bone growth and repair and increasing the risk of osteoarthritis. The importance of a good diet and regular exercise should never be underestimated. Not only does it keep us fit and healthy, but it can also lessen painful symptoms of osteoarthritis. We are what we eat and it is important that we have the right amount of nutrients from our food to ensure that our body systems work as they should. The researchers also found that a reduction of weight for overweight and obese patients and the introduction of exercise tailored to mobility could also help ease the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Not only does obesity increase strain on joints, it can cause low-grade, systemic inflammation in the body aggravating the condition further. A calorie restricted diet, combined with strengthening, flexibility and aerobic exercises, was identified as an effective approach in reducing pain in overweight patients. There is no evidence that a calorie restricted diet does anything beneficial for lean patients with the condition, the study said.


I wait in sanctitude, to finish off my prayer Subserviently halting, a reply will come from my creator The divine words of the Quran are rejuvenating The almighty’s holy words keep everyone’s hearts beating Ramzan is here is time to let our good deeds enhance Let’s gift our happiness to the melancholy souls, they deserve a chance The indigent people are in a pensive mood When will their supplicating hands be full of food? Have sympathy for those on their own Stay with those who are lonely, lets diminish their moans We should extol our sovereign, and value his generosity He bestows upon us copious amounts of prosperity Throughout Ramzan many people will be fasting Allah’s rewards are ever lasting When the day will depart, night will make its presence It will be time to eat delicious food, this is fasting’s essence You should Show a zeal for helping people Make sure their lives are tranquil and peaceful I thank Allah for what he has given me A blessed life, worshiping him brings me ample glee By Shaheryar A. Chishty


Fasting Boosts Stem Cells’ Regenerative Capacity As people age, their intestinal stem cells begin to lose their ability to regenerate. These stem cells are the source for all new intestinal cells, so this decline can make it more difficult to recover from gastrointestinal infections or other conditions that affect the intestine. This age-related loss of stem cell function can be reversed by a 24-hour fast, according to a new study from MIT biologists. The researchers found that fasting dramatically improves stem cells’ ability to regenerate, in both aged and young mice. In fasting mice, cells begin breaking down fatty acids instead of glucose, a change that stimulates the stem cells to become more regenerative. The researchers found that they could also boost regeneration with a molecule that activates the same metabolic switch. Such an intervention could potentially help older people recovering from GI infections or cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, the researchers say. Fasting has many effects in the intestine, which include boosting regeneration as well as potential uses in any type of ailment that impinges on the intestine, such as infections or cancers. This study provided evidence that fasting induces a metabolic switch in the intestinal stem cells, from utilizing carbohydrates to burning fat. For many decades, scientists have known that low caloric intake is linked with enhanced longevity in humans and other organisms.


Intestinal stem cells are responsible for maintaining the lining of the intestine, which typically renews itself every five days. When an injury or infection occurs, stem cells are key to repairing any damage. As people age, the regenerative abilities of these intestinal stem cells decline, so it takes longer for the intestine to recover. Intestinal stem cells are the workhorses of the intestine that give rise to more stem cells and to all of the various differentiated cell types of the intestine. Notably, during aging, intestinal stem function declines, which impairs the ability of the intestine to repair itself after damage. After mice fasted for 24 hours, the researchers removed intestinal stem cells and grew them in a culture dish, allowing them to determine whether the cells can give rise to “mini-intestines” known as organoids. The researchers found that stem cells from the fasting mice doubled their regenerative capacity.

We often get an influx information about the health benefits of herbal tea. Most herbal tea enthusiasts may base their opinions on herbal tea around their own experiences of the beverage. The Chinese have been drinking herbal tea for thousands of years due to its miracle-working abilities. Herbal tea has been used by the Chinese for treating minor headaches to much larger matters such as preventing cancer. Many health studies are beginning to shine some light on the facets and benefits of herbal tea. What are the benefits from herbal tea that can affect your life? The following are five major benefits of herbal tea that may substantially change your life. First Health of Herbal Tea – Weight Loss The high concentration of polyphenols in herbal tea helps to oxidize fat and encourage thermogenesis. Thermogenesis in the body is the rate which the body burns calories. Herbal tea results in an increase of energy which raises the metabolism, therefore, more weight is lost than normal. As a morning beverage, herbal tea has a small amount of calories compared to most other beverages that Americans drink in the morning. The constant barrage of coffee as most peoples’ morning beverage results in a higher amount of daily calories compared to herbal tea as a beverage in the morning. A substitution of herbal tea instead of reaching for a cup of Joe will make a big difference in the size of your waistline. Second Benefit of Herbal Tea – Prevention of Cancer The antioxidants in herbal tea eliminate free radicals that plague the body. These free radicals cause aging and cancer. The polyphenols of herbal tea constantly search for free radicals and they prevent the formation of unstable oxygen molecules in a process known as oxidation. This oxidation damages healthy cells of the body and have been linked to illnesses like cancer, heart disease, and even strokes. The polyphenols in herbal tea pre-

vent the birth of abnormal cells, inflammation, and destroy most cancer-causing agents. Third Benefit of Herbal Tea – Healthy Teeth Herbal tea is well known for keeping teeth clean because of one of its ingredients, fluoride. The fluoride kills the bacteria in the mouth that causes plaque. Also, fluoride helps to maintain healthy, cavity-free teeth. This helps to prevent general tooth decay inside of the mouth. This cannot be about coffee which stains the teeth with an ugly yellow tinge. The oral health of teeth can be vastly improved with the consumption of green tea. Fourth Benefit of Herbal Tea – Lowers Cholesterol Herbal tea may be a possible solution for all those suffering from conditions of high cholesterol. Heart attacks are one of the most common problems associated with bad cholesterol. Drinking herbal tea could possibly lower this stunning high risk. Herbal tea lowers the bad cholesterol’s levels, LDL cholesterol and prevents the occurrence of blood clots in the body. The LDL cholesterol flows through the liver and cells forming heavy deposits on artery walls. The catechins in herbal tea help to decrease the amount of bad cholesterol. Also, the catechins help to maintain a healthy good cholesterol to bad cholesterol ratio improving the overall health of the body. Benefit of Herbal Tea Conclusion If weight loss, the prevention of cancer, healthy teeth, and the idea of low cholesterol does not give you an idea that herbal tea is a miracle worker, you must be working with some pretty powerful magic. A couple of cups of tea in addition to your normal daily beverage will greatly decrease the risk of any bad conditions. The only side effect that has been clearly recognized is the daily overdose of caffeine. This problem has been addressed through the usage of herbal tea extract. Herbal tea can be taken in a pill form with all the benefits of normal herbal tea. So, we hope that you begin a daily herbal tea regimen tomorrow!

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General Bajwa On Forbes World’s Most Powerful People List Pakistan Chief of Army Staff General Qamar Jawed Bajwa has been named in the Forbes’ most powerful people list. General Bajwa, who was appointed to the post in 2016, was ranked 68 among 75 people, according to the global magazine. "There are nearly 7.5 billion humans on planet Earth, but these 75 men and women make the world turn. Forbes' annual ranking of The World’s Most Powerful People identifies one person out of every 100 million whose actions mean the most," the magazine said. General Bajwa, Pakistan’s 10th army chief and recipient of Nishan-e-Imtiaz and Hilal-i-Imtiaz, is the only Pakistani to make it to the list. The army chief is among 17 newcomers to the list along with Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman of Saudi Arabia and French President Emmanuel Macron, among others. “Out of the 75 members, 17 are newcomers. Among them there are presidents, billionaires, heads of organisations, CEOs, and one special counsel. One commonality: Their words and actions impact a large number of people, businesses, and even entire economies,” the magazine said. This year’s list is topped by Chinese President Xi Jinping. Xi, who has been allowed to remain “president for life” as his term limits were removed in March, pushed out Russia’s Vladimir Putin from top. Further, the annual survey by Forbes magazine showed US President Donald Trump slump to third place. The fourth most powerful person in the world also happens to be the most powerful woman: Angela Merkel, the chancellor of Germany. She is followed by Amazon chief Jeff Bezos. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been ranked on number nine in the list.


Blood Test To ‘Detect Cancer Years Before Illness’ Is Major Breakthrough A new blood test reportedly able to detect certain types of cancer several years before a person falls ill has been hailed as a major breakthrough. The discovery came after trials on 1,400 patients found the procedure to identify DNA markers worked with up to 90% accuracy. It is understood researchers suggested the test could become available internationally in five years. New techniques for precision early diagnosis would unlock enormous survival gains, as well as dramatic productivity benefits in the practice of medicine

Simon Stevens, chief executive of NHS England, said: “Our 100,000 genome project already makes England a world leader in applying the medical technologies of the future. “Now, as the NHS marks its 70th anniversary, we stand on the cusp of a new era of personalised medicine that will dramatically transform care for cancer and for inherited and rare diseases. “In particular, new techniques for precision early diagnosis would unlock enormous survival gains, as well as dramatic productivity benefits in the practice of medicine.”

The list also includes Pope Francis (6), Cofounder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Bill Gates (7), French President Emmanuel Macron (12), Alibaba Chief Jack Ma (21), CEO and Chairman of Tesla Elon Musk (25), UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres (31), North Korean leader Kim Jongun (36), Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau (57), Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad (62), Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte (69) and Daesh's self-proclaimed leader Abu Bakr alBaghdadi (73). In 2012, Pakistan’s then army chief General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani and ISI chief Lt Gen Zaheerul Islam also made it to the Forbes Most Powerful People List.

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Is A ‘Halal’ Sign Enough? The number of halal restaurants is increasing. With the Muslim population in England is over 2.6million and the growing number of tourists and students arriving from Muslim-majority countries, it is unsurprising to see restaurants eager to attract Muslim customers. Finding the nearest halal restaurant has never been easier, with websites and mobile apps helping you choose the best halal places in town. There are also many Muslim Instagrammers who regularly post appetising photos of halal food along with a review. Most of us are content with seeing a ‘halal’ sign, but is it enough? Trust is an Islamic principle and there are examples of this from the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him) even regarding receiving meat. However, today, many Muslims need to clarify whether the chicken was hand or machine slaughtered and if the chicken or lamb was stunned or not. Otherwise, the word ‘halal’ on its own is doubtful. In a survey conducted by IlmFeed, 77% of respondents said that they would not eat from a restaurant which serves machine slaughtered chicken, 83% of respondents said they would not eat from a restaurant which serves chicken which was stunned before slaughter and 93% of respondents said they would not eat from a restaurant which cross-contaminates halal food with haram food. Lastly, 84% of respondents said that they want restaurants to be more transparent regarding how the chicken they serve is slaughtered. Many restaurants are reviewed by halal foodies on Instagram with a following of thousands. However, some restaurants do not even advertise as halal but just happen to have, for example, halal chicken. This could be either stunned slaughtered chicken, or machine slaughtered. Despite all the chicken being labelled as halal, the method of slaughter differed significantly. Whilst this article is not about telling people which method is halal or not, it is a reminder that one should clarify the method of slaughter depending on the Islamic opinion one follows, as the word ‘halal’ evidently, is not enough on its own. You can usually find out how the slaughter is done from the certificate which the restaurant or their supplier are able to provide you with,

then checking the criteria set by the certifying halal body. In some instances that the halal certificate and the certifier’s website itself was unclear about whether they approve machine slaughter and/or stunning. Without undermining which methods of slaughter the respective reviewer personally finds acceptable or not, this is a request for the method of slaughter in halal food reviews to be highlighted as it is a concern for many Muslims. On most occasions, reviewers just say the place is halal, with no reference to a certifier or the method of slaughter; this includes reviews for restaurants that serve machine slaughtered chicken. However, most businesses are transparent and informed about the methods of slaughter. But there are the occasional few restaurants or suppliers who refuse to divulge who certified the chicken or the method of slaughter. If influential halal food reviewers and Muslims at large requested this information regularly, this would definitely contribute towards promoting further transparency in the industry. This aspect of halal or cross-contamination among others (such as alcohol policy) is usually included in reviews, but we should be advised to double-check before heading out, as the restaurant might have changed its policies since their visit. Considering the number of people who prefer not to eat at restaurants that sell alcohol, reviewers need to be transparent if the restaurant itself admits to not being halal or acknowledges crosscontamination risks. Withholding this detail without explanation is misleading for thousands of Instagram followers, who (if given all the facts) are able to make their own informed choices. It is important to stress that we cannot ignore the sad reality of intensive animal farming which is fuelled by our overconsumption of chicken and meat. It would be ideal if Muslims led the way in eating more plant-based foods and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Free-range, organic, hand slaughtered chicken and meat certified by halal bodies that approve non-stunned and stunned methods are also available! Let us be transparent about these aspects too.

Us Ditches Pakistan When Not Required: Musharrarf

Former Pakistan president General (r) Pervez Musharraf has said that the US treats Pakistan according to its needs and “ditches us” when it does not require Islamabad In an interview with Voice of America, Musharraf said that Pak-US relations had suffered quite a blow and were at “the lowest ebb”. The former president said the US and Pakistan should sit together and resolve the issues. “This connects to Afghanistan. There are allegations against Pakistan, and both the countries have their grievances.” Replying to a question about fraught relations between Pakistan and US, the former military dictator said: “US has supported India very openly from the Cold War era. And now again, the US is aligning itself with India against Pakistan, this affects us directly. We would like the United Nations to examine India’s role in Afghanistan.


A one-sided approach to the problem is negative.” The former army chief said, “US comes to us when they need us, and they ‘ditch’ us when they don’t – it should not be this way.” Musharraf said that Pakistan had always been under influence. He added that Pakistan was in the West’s cap in the Cold War, the most loyal allies of the US. “But now that relations are tense, Pakistan has looked at China for support and friendship. However, that should not be at the cost of losing bilateral relations with the US,” he added. Speaking on the Pakistan-India ties, the former president said there was an inherent bias towards India’s treatment as both possessed nuclear arms, but no questions were raised on India. “Nobody asks India to control their assets. Pakistan became a nuclear state because India posed an undeniable existential threat.” He continued: “The US should’ve stopped them, we’ve been loyal to them throughout,” he lamented. Musharraf recalled that Pakistan and India were on the path of reconciliation during his tenure. He claimed that peace plan was strategised by him and was put in implementation by both countries. “We were working on the peace plan because both sides wanted to have peace. But this is not the case anymore. They want to undo us.” He said that Incumbent Indian Prime Minister Narendar Modi wanted to enforce supremacy in India and was not an advocate of peace talks.

Ahmad Hussain Makes The Muslim Power 100 List

Internationally renowned singer/songwriter Ahmad Hussain has been included in the 2018 Muslim Power 100 list, it is a major achievement for the Sheffield born nasheed artist. Ahmad braced the stage and performed in front of a packed house made up of inspirational individuals from the world of music, business, sport, media and politics. The Muslim 100 Powerlist is one of the most important events of its kind ever to be staged and honours only the very highest levels of achievement from within the international Muslim community and positively promote the outstanding contribution made by Muslim men & women on a local, national and international level. Some notable individuals recognised include Sadiq Khan, Yusuf Islam (Cat Stevens), Nadiyah Hussain and the late Abdul Sattar Edhi was the guest of honour at the last event which was held over a decade ago. Ahmad works tirelessly to promote peace, love and unity through his nasheeds and supports

many grassroots level charitable causes, it is great to see him get the recognition he thoroughly deserves as he is a positive role model for the Muslim youth. A pioneering, unique and prestigious initiative, The Muslim 100 includes British based Muslim Powerbrokers and the Global Muslim men and women of influence from many Muslim countries including Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Jordan, Palestine, Malaysia etc. The Muslim 100 was launched at a star studded gala dinner in Central London at the intercontinental, Park Lane. This is the second time ever that such an initiative was held in Britain. Over 1,000 influential decision makers were in attendance to witness the launch of The Muslim 100. The final Muslim 100 names were published in a very high quality publication, The Power 100 Parliamentary Review, in which Ahmad Hussain features.

KP Assembly Approves FATA Merger The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) assembly has approved the FATA-KP merger bill with a two-third majority, a prerequisite required for the proposed merger. A KP assembly session headed by speaker Asad Qaiser approved the constitutional amendment seeking FATA to merge with the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province. 92 lawmakers voted in favour of the merger, while 7 voted against it, most of who belonged to

the Jamiat Ulama-e-Islam (JUI). The jamiat workers also protested against the Senate’s decision earlier today outside the provincial assembly. Workers of the party burned tyres, tried to lock the assembly building and tore posters of parliamentarians who voted in favour of the bill in the National Assembly. The National Assembly and Senate have already passed the bill titled ‘Thirty-First Amendment Act 2018’, paving way for the FATA-KP merger.

Humans Make Up Only 0.01 Percent Of All Living Things On Earth Humans may not be the masters of the planet after all, as plants represent 82% of living things on earth. A comprehensive new study illustrates how little humankind weighs in the planet's total biomass — and yet they cause a disproportionate, massive impact on it. A new study sheds light on the composition of life on Earth. Humans steal the limelight despite occupying just a tiny fraction of the planet's overall biomass. The researchers used the carbon content of all living creatures, also known as biomass, to measure how much of Earth's biomass weight each group actually occupies. All life on Earth has a total biomass weight of roughly 550 gigatons, and the data shows that when it comes to carbon content, humans barely make a dent on the scale. The global population of humans, which is currently estimated at 7.6 billion, reportedly account for just 0.01 percent of all living things. However, just because humankind occupies a small space of the biosphere doesn't mean the group's impact on the totality of life is minimal. In fact, humans have played a huge role in dictat-

ing the biomass of every other group. The study points out that since the dawn of civilization, humans have helped with cutting down plants' total biomass by half and wild mammals' by a dismaying 85 percent. On the other hand, livestock such as sheep and cattle outweigh wild mammals due to their close association with human life. Chickens throughout the world reach triple of all other wild birds' weight. This gives people a perspective on the very dominant role that humanity now plays on Earth. Our disproportionate place on Earth is definitely striking. It turns out that plants comprise the overwhelming majority of the Earth's biomass. Plants make up 80 percent of the total carbon content of all living things in the planet, with land plants being the most notable. In decreasing order of biomass, plants are followed by bacteria, fungi, archaea, protists, animals, and viruses. Another remarkable finding is that marine life is only about 1 percent of the total biomass.

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Jaan. M. Khan

Jaanvegas1@gmail.com On a recent visit to Dubai I found myself dining at Ciprianis, that famous haunt of amongst others the esteemed HRH Sheik Mohammed, the ruler of Dubai. Now for our readers I should make clear the context of the Sheikhs visit followed by my very own humble attendance. Whilst I had visited the restaurant previously as well, in between it was noted that the ruler of Dubai had a tendency to pop in from time to time, taking over a very large table towards the rear, with a few co attendees, whereby they would essentially order from the menu and then from every other menu of every other restaurant in the DIFC, (Dubai International Financial Centre) which was delivered to his table and plate at Ciprianis. Slightly over indulgent you might say? ( the sheikh only has one stomach like all of us), let alone what the Ciprianis staff, who initially secured a publicity coup, were then to watch as rival establishments barged through their doors with varied delights for the sheikh to sample.

ing taken the table in the corner to the right of the restaurant, we were seated with waiters instantly filling our glasses with water (the glass was never empty) and bringing forth the lunch time menu. For starters we ordered the Buratta with cherry tomatoes (recommended & light), with the Salmon and Short Rib Beef for the main course, followed by deserts of Pana Cota and Sorbet, along with the usual drinks and sides of bread. Now you may be thinking that doesn’t sound too bad, with meats you recognise and a few drinks? Well my friends this was actually what your humble narrator also thought, unfortunately the Buratta was the size of a water melon and upon completion you were in need of a four mile jog before the mains came….but little time did we have before the salmon with light salad and Short Rib Beef was in front of us. At this point what had started out as a light stroll in the garden had turned into a climb of Mount Everest? We hacked away at the salmon and prodded he beef until no more could be had. (It didn’t help that we were not that hungry to begin with). The

thought we’d actually picked the better ones from the menu. At the end of this fine dining experience when the bill finally came, it was equivalent to a week’s wages. Now whilst the Sheikh might like to dine there I’m not entirely sure if he does so for the cuisine or the location……I tend to think it might be for the location and he actually prefers the Chinese? So a few days later I find myself back in England, in Sheffield, the wicker at The Khyber Diner. And what a feast of delight was on show, from traditional Chapli kebabs with Nan to an assortment of different grilled meats, bulging chicken and donner meat kebabs, wraps, burgers and pizzas, all with a mixture of spicy and tantalising sauces. Foods that really set the taste buds alight along with portions you cannot finish in one sitting. At this point it occurred to your humble narrator that this is more in keeping with the cuisine of Kings and Sheikhs, spices and meats with sizzling and generous helpings, marinated and succulent.

Let’s invite Sheikh Mohammed to the wicker in Sheffield to sample this food. Once he’s tasted Needless to say my own attendance with a party of four was a much more refined affaire. Hav- Desserts were very disappointing ...and I had flavour and spice I doubt he will venture back to Ciprianis in Dubai, certainly not for the cuisine anyway and will probably get the Khyber menu flown in, which he will slowly eat with his entourage in Ciprianis at the largest table at the rear. Brothers and sisters we sometimes might imagine that the world of international cuisine as presented on TV and eaten by the great and the good is something special, something different, with taste and flavour that is unique. Well I hate to destroy the dream but when the best is on your door step and what you get used to, then it sometimes takes a trip thousands of miles away to a far off land to make you realise that real flavoursome cuisine lies at the end of a local rate call or a 15 minute journey to the wicker and the Khyber diner. (Ciprianis Restaurant, Dubai in the DIFC)

Pakistan Elections On July 25 The upcoming general elections in Pakistan will be held on July 25, approved by President Mamnoon Hussain. The elections for the National Assembly and all provincial assemblies will be held the same day. The election schedule is likely to be issued in the first week of June. The incumbent government is set to complete its term on May 31 and an interim set-up will take charge on June 1 until a new cabinet is sworn in following the upcoming general elections. The ECP has already convened a consultative meeting of all the parliamentary parties on May 31 to finalize the code of conduct for the 2018 general elections. According to the ECP spokesperson, invitation letters have been sent to all the political parties in the parliament along with copies of the proposed code of con-


duct. As per the polling scheme announced by the ECP, as many as 86,436 polling stations will be set up for the general elections, including 48,667 in Punjab and 18,647 in Sindh. In FATA and KP, 14,655 polling stations will be established besides 4,467 in Balochistan. Reportedly, the ECP has been allocated an amount of Rs 16 billion for training of the staff and purchase of election-related material for the forthcoming general elections. The commission had, though, demanded an amount of Rs 28 billion for preparations for the elections. The ECP has already received applications from various political parties for allotment of election symbols in line with the Elections Act, 2017. Nearly 46 million young voters out of the 105 million eligible for voting in the country will play a key role in determining the next government when the general election are held on July 25. A total of 59.2 million men and 46.7 million women constitute the electoral roll across the country, which has a total population of around 200 million.

(Khyber Diner, the Wicker, Sheffield)

UK Aid’s Top Recipient Pakistan Spends 21% Of GDP For Defence Pakistan received £463 million from UK Aid in 2016. Instead of spending money on infrastructure and development, Pakistan is allocating about 30 per cent of its GDP for defence & fauji pension. It is more than combined expenditure on education, healthcare, water resources, public transportation including Pakistan Railways and social services. Pakistan is now the biggest recipient of UK handouts despite preparing to splash out billions on arms including a new fleet of submarines. Living up to its promise of “eating grass, if need be, to fight India,” Pakistan’s transitional government has hiked the defence budget by over 20 percent — the highest in decades. The defence spending is proposed to increase to Rs 1.1 trillion (approximately $9.6 billion) in 2018-19. This is being compared with the original allocation of Rs920bn for the outgoing year, which has been computed as an 18 to 20 per cent hike, Overall, 21 percent of the national budget is spent on armed forces and it does not include another seven percent spent on pension for defence retirees. It is more than combined expenditure on education, healthcare, water resources, public transportation including Pakistan Railways and social services. This is how Pakistan has gone near-bankrupt, its economy remaining small compared to its geography and natural resources. This is perpetuated by the military’s vested interest and greed that is being pandered to by the political class and a corrupt bureaucracy. The hiked deference allocation is a signal to India of its continued resolve, to Afghanistan that remains in turmoil thanks to Pakistan-aided Taliban who stage frequent violent attacks, and to the United States, with which re-

lations have been strained. Of course, India is not mentioned, nor is the U.S. nor, also, is China, for that matter, on whose strong support Pakistan is cushioning its sagging economy, with much in pipeline from the ChinaPakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). But in shows of outward confidence that is aimed at the domestic audience, the defence ministry, in a rare official justification, has insisted that increase in the defence

budget for the next financial year was necessitated by the challenging security environment. “The critics need to also realise the security environment that Pakistan faces today and economic determinants of security,” the ministry said after defence budget, as part of the annual budget for 2018-19, was tabled in the National Assembly amidst opposition protests. The ministry maintained that the “economy of any country cannot grow without security, peace and stability”.

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Who Is Nasirul Mulk Justice (r) Nasir-ulMulk, who has been appointed as the caretaker premier, has served as the chief justice of Pakistan along with working on other important posts. Mulk, who has also served as the interim chief of Election Commission of Pakistan, will be heading the government until the general elections as the incumbent setup will be dissolved soon. He was born on August 17, 1950, in Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and has served as the 22nd Chief Justice of Pakistan taking oath after Tassaduq Hussain Jillani retired from the post. Justice Nasir-ul-Mulk was a barrister-at-law of the Inner Temple, London. He was elected as secretary general, Peshawar High Court Bar Association in 1981. In 1993, he was appointed as the advocate general of KP, formerly known as NorthWest Frontier Province. A year later, in 1994, he was appointed as the judge of Peshawar High Court. He was elevated as chief justice of Peshawar High Court on May 31, 2004, and as a Supreme Court judge on April 4, 2005. Justice Mulk was one of the seven judges who signed a restraining order on November 3, 2007, when former president General (retd) Pervez Musharraf imposed emergency and forcibly sent the judges home. He later joined the judiciary on September 20, 2008, under the Naek formula when he took a fresh oath as a judge of the Supreme Court with his seniority intact. The new interim chief minister is also the one who authored the verdict favouring former prime minister Nawaz Sharif’s in the plane hijacking case. The verdict paved the way for Nawaz to return to politics. The retired judge also headed the seven-member bench that convicted former Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gillani for not writing a letter to the Swiss authorities to reopen graft cases against then president Asif Ali Zardari. After the verdict, Gillani was disqualified as the prime minister. Justice Mulk also headed the commission formed to probe the allegations of 2013 polls being rigged.


A Brief History Of Pakistan’s Caretaker Prime Ministers A total of six people have served as Pakistan’s caretaker PM Pakistan’s former Chief Justice, Justice (retd) Nasirul Mulk has been named as the next caretaker prime minister of the country. The decision to name Justice (retd) Mulk as the caretaker prime minister was announced during a news conference held by Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, National Assembly Speaker Ayaz Sadiq and Opposition Leader Khursheed Shah. Prior to Justice (retd) Mulk, six people have served as the country’s caretaker prime minister. A total of six people have served as the country’s caretaker PM. Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi – august 6 1990-november 6 1990 Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi, the founder of Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, was appointed Prime Minister after the dismissal of Benazir Bhutto government over corruption charges by former president Ghulam Ishaq Khan. Jatoi died in 2009 after a protracted illness at the age of 78. Sardar Mir Balakh Sher Mazari – April 18 1993-May 26 1993 Born on July 8 1982, Sardar Mir Balakh Sher Mazari served as the 14th PM of Pakistan after Nawaz Sharifs government was deposed by former president Ghulam Ishaq Khan. However, Mazaris tenure ended after a month when the Supreme Court voted that Ishaq Khans dissolution of the National Assembly and his dismissal of the

PM were unconstitutional. Moeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi – July 18 1993-October 19 1993 Moeenuddin Ahmed Qureshi served as caretaker PM from July to October 1993. At the time of his appointment, Qureshi was largely unknown to the public and political circles. Malik Mairaj Khalid – November 5 1996-February 17 1997 When the Benazir government was dismissed in November 1996, then President Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari appointed Khalid as caretaker PM, presumably in the hope that he would be able to play a role in preventing the PPP from returning to power. As caretaker PM, Malid Mairaj Khalid set a new precedent of austerity. On most occasions, he travelled without protocol. Muhammad Mian Soomro – November 16 2007-March 25 2008 Muhammad Mian Soomro served as the PM of Pakistan to oversee the general elections in 2008 and became the acting president after the resignation of Pervez Musharraf. He was elected Senate Chairmen on March 12 2003. Justice (r) Mir Hazar Khan Khoso – March 25 2013June 5 2013 The election Commission of Pakistan appointed Khoso as the caretaker PM of Pakistan on 24 March 2013, out of four nominees coming from both the opposition and the dissolved government. He took oath on 25 March 2013.

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Smoking Still Causing Millions Of Heart Attacks And Strokes While the link between smoking and a range of cancers is well known, the World Health Organization warned there was too little awareness of tobacco’s impact on the human heart. On the occasion of World No Tobacco Day in May, the UN health agency hailed that smoking had declined significantly since year 2000, but warned that there were still far too many people indulging in the dangerous habit. And it cautioned that research showed there was “a serious lack of knowledge” about the different health risks associated with tobacco. Tobacco use has been linked to more than seven million deaths worldwide each year, including some 890,000 from breathing in second-hand smoke. But many people are unaware that nearly half of those deaths, around three million, are due to cardiovascular disease, including heart attacks and stroke, WHO warned. “Most people know that using tobacco causes cancer and


lung disease, but many people aren’t aware that tobacco also causes heart disease and stroke – the world’s leading killers,” WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said in a statement. “Tobacco doesn’t just cause cancer. It quite literally breaks hearts,” he said. Tobacco smoke contains more than 7,000 chemicals, including tar and others that can narrow arteries and damage blood vessels, and nicotine, which is associated with increases in heart rate and blood pressure. At the same time, smoking unleashes poisonous gases like carbon monoxide, which replaces oxygen in the blood, thereby reducing the availability of oxygen for the heart muscle. Tobacco use is responsible for around 17 percent of the nearly 18 million deaths from cardiovascular disease around the globe each year. Yet in many countries, there is very low awareness that smoking significantly increases your chances of developing cardiovascular disease. In China for instance, a large WHO survey showed that more than 60 percent of the population is unaware that smoking can cause heart attacks, while in India and Indonesia, more than half of adults are unaware that smoking can cause stroke. Governments have the power in their hands to protect their citizens from suffering needlessly from heart disease. According to a new WHO report on smoking trends and prevalence, the percentage of people worldwide who indulge in the habit has dropped from 27 percent in 2000 to 20 percent in 2016. But it warned that the pace of reduction was too slow.

New Tougher MOT Tests Come Into Force Motorists face tougher MOT tests on their vehicles, as an updated test introduces new categories under which a vehicle can fail or pass. The categories include "dangerous", "major" and "minor" which determine whether a car, van or motorcycle must be taken off the road or can be driven as long as repairs are carried out. The MOT will also be tougher on diesel emissions. Vehicles with a diesel particulate filter will now have to pass new tests. That filter captures and stores exhaust soot to reduce emissions. A diesel vehicle will fail its MOT if there is smoke of any colour coming from the exhaust or there is any evidence that the diesel particulate filter has been tampered with. These faults will be classed as "major" under the new categories. Defects found during an MOT will be categorised as: Dangerous: Fail. The vehicle is a "direct and immediate risk to road safety or has a serious impact on the environment". It must not be driven until it has been repaired. Major: Fail. The fault "may affect the vehicle's safety, put other road users at risk or have an impact on the environment". The car, van or motorcycle must be repaired immediately. Minor: Pass. A defect has "no significant effect on the safety of the vehicle or impact on the environment". It must be repaired as soon as possible Advisory: Pass. A defect could become

more serious in the future. "Monitor and repair it if necessary." Pass: The vehicle meets the minimum legal standard. Named originally after the Ministry of Transport, there are 30 million MOT tests a year in Britain. And around a third of them fail with indicators and lights being the most common cause. Now that number is set to rise - initially at least - as the test gets a bit tougher. It will be especially strenuous on diesel cars, and that affects around half of UK road users. Most newer diesels have a particulate filter but if the tester sees any smoke at all emerging from the exhaust, that car will fail. If someone has tampered with the filter, that too is a 'fail'. The advice as ever is to regularly check for any leaks, low tyre pressure and that all your lights - front, side and back - are working. Fail to prepare: prepare to fail. A wider range of a vehicle's parts will also be tested including: the tyres, to check if they are underinflated; the brake fluid, to investigate if it has been contaminated; and fluid leaks, to make sure they do not pose an environmental risk. There is good news for drivers of classic cars - vehicles more than 40 years old, or produced before 31 May 1978, will not need an MOT. These vehicles were often "rare classics" and well maintained by their owners so were "deemed not to be such a road risk".

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Hazrat Imam Hassan By Shaheryar A. Chishty

Earth was famished for a leader Hassan ibn Ali was born, a cultivated preacher He was the grandson of the holy prophet His guidance showed people how to seek solace Al-Hassan may have been spoken to, with austerity But his mouth would reflect back reverently People were blessed to witness his gracious and seraphic grin It bought perpetual glee to all of his kin Years before he was born, Rasool Allah predicted what Al-Hassan would do He would reconcile an arguing pair, to help them get through His politeness was not comparable His demeanour was honourable AL-Hassan and Al-Hussain shall be the leaders of youth in heaven They are the epitomes of perfection Like the scintillating moon Al-Hassan shined He was magnanimous, he was copiously kind Al-Hassan was fully pure He wouldn’t let anyone have a pain to endure Let’s extricate our mouths and let our lips praise this holy figure nothing to us is dearer May Allah bless Al-Hassan’s sublime soul For this seraphic man everyone will always extol

ICC Believes New T20 Leagues Are At Greatest Risk Of Corruption Global cricket chiefs believe newly-emerging domestic Twenty20 competitions are the tournaments at greatest risk of corruption, following match-fixing allegations made by broadcaster Al Jazeera. David Richardson, the ICC's chief executive, has promised a thorough investigation of all the allegations while admitting that the rash of Twenty20 leagues springing up all over the world are especially vulnerable to fixing. "I think those leagues do provide an additional opportunity for the people that want to get involved and try and fix." "So what we need to make sure is that anyone staging a T20 domestic tournament, especially televised, that they have in place minimum standards for dealing with the problem. "To make sure they have an anti-corruption code in place that is applicable to the tournament, that all the players are educated, and that we are monitoring the franchise owners, the people involved in the tournament, doing due diligence." The Al Jazeera programme quoted a selfacknowledged fixer suggesting the ICC's own anti-corruption unit was of little concern to the major criminal gangs involved in trying to manipulate cricket -- which now mainly occurs through spot-fixing where incidents within a game are fixed to facilitate betting

coups. This only requires bribing a few players, rather than the greater number of cricketers in a match needed to make sure of fixing the result. There have been claims that the ACU is desperately under-resourced for the job it has to do and former South Africa wicket-keeper Richardson, asked if it could cope with its workload, replied: "Well, not necessarily at ICC, but certainly in conjunction with our members.” England captain Joe Root and Australia counterpart Tim Paine have both dismissed the Al Jazeera allegations relating to their respective teams. According to the documentary, both England's Test match against India in December 2016 and Australia's match against India wee subjected to fixing.

With Pride, Pakistan Marks 20 Years Of Nuclear Capability Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan Pakistan will celebrate the 20th anniversary of becoming the first Islamic nuclear state on May 28. We were the seventh state in the world to join the nuclear club. Our test was a befitting response to India’s nuclear tests that same year — on May 11, 1998. It was also a “shut-up call” to their belligerent statements and threats. We showed the world that, given proper leadership support, Pakistani scientists and engineers could make the impossible, possible. It was a historic moment, as important to Pakistanis as our Independence Day is. To me, that fateful day means even more. It gave me a sense of fulfillment for having completed a task given to me in 1976 by the late prime minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto — to create Engineering Research Laboratories. At that time, Pakistan had neither infrastructure nor experienced scientific and technical manpower. It was a challenge indeed and we literally started from scratch. We did, however, have the full support of the relevant administrative departments and particularly, that of the prime minister. In retrospect, it seems almost a miracle that we were able to achieve our target in merely 7 years. In fact, we achieved the first major breakthrough after just two years with the successful design of the first centrifuge. After four years, we were able to enrich uranium to weapon grade level. In appreciation of our work, Pakistan’s sixth president Gen. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, during a visit to our laboratories in 1981, renamed the organization Dr. A.Q. Khan Research Laboratories (KRL). It was indeed a great honour. Ghulam Ishaq Khan, who remained head of the nuclear program from its inception in 1976 until his retirement in 1993, wrote: “The nation owes a debt of gratitude to its nuclear scientists and engineers for


transforming an essentially technologically backward country into the seventh nuclear power state in the world.” “In bringing about this radical change, the most vital and crucial contribution, in my judgment, was made by Dr. A.Q. Khan and his research organization, who designed and initiated a program for the indigenous fabrication of the various highly sophisticated devices and equipment, and their unremitting efforts surmounted all hurdles,” he said. “Using weapon grade enriched uranium; a nuclear explosive device could be assembled and detonated at short notice. The cloud (of rumours, insecurity and delay) was finally lifted on 28th May, 1998 when not one, but several, devices were successfully tested at Chaghi Hills in Baluchistan.” I retired from KRL on April 1, 2001. Days before my retirement, Gen. Pervez Musharraf, who was at that time president, hosted a farewell dinner in honor of Dr. Ishfaq Ahmad and I. “Tonight my thoughts go back to the eventful day in May 1974 when India conducted its first nuclear test and in the process, altered the security landscape of South Asia to Pakistan’s critical disadvantage,” he said at the Presidency where the dinner was held. “Coming so soon after the 1971 dismemberment of our country, the event served to deepen our sense of insecurity and vulnerability. The situation was critical.” Gen Musharraf went on to describe our country’s desperation at that time. “Our security paradigm had changed and with no nuclear weapons program worth the name, Pakistanis literally looked to the sky for help. We did not lose faith. And sure enough, Allah Almighty answered our nation’s prayers,” he said. “In walked a giant of a man, none other

than Dr. Abdul Quadeer Khan, the man who would give Pakistan a nuclear capability single-handedly. His arrival in those difficult days gave hope and cautious optimism to a doubting nation.” Day and night, my team and I worked hard to beat the odds against us — even to the point of enduring international sanctions and sting operations. Out of the ashes, the pride of Pakistan’s nuclear capability – the Kahuta Engineering Research Laboratories – was born. The facility was later renamed Khan Research Laboratories. “You are our national hero,” concluded Gen. Musharraf that night, “and nobody can ever take that away from you.” Today, we as a nation do not command any more respect in the comity of nations than any other struggling, developing country. It is most unfortunate that, even though we are a nuclear and missile power, our leaders have sold the sovereignty, respect and dignity of Pakistan in regional proxy wars and for their own purposes. It hurts me and my colleagues to know that. After all we sacrificed and the hard work we put in to turn the country into a nuclear power, in the end we were treated like traitors and the country failed to cash in on the technology it had gained from our efforts. – Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan NI & Bar, HI is famous Pakistani nuclear scientist and a metallurgical engineer. He is widely regarded as the founder of gas-centrifuge enrichment technology for Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent program. The President, Islamic Republic of Pakistan conferred upon Dr. Khan the award of Nishan-i-Imtiaz on 14 August, 1996 and 14 August, 1998. He is also a recipient of Hilal-i-Imtiaz. Dr. Khan is the only Pakistani to have received the highest civil award of “Nishan-i-Imtiaz” twice. Twitter: @DrAQK_official

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