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REMEMBERING SREBRENICA

During the Balkans conflict of 19921995, the Bosnian town of Srebrenica was declared a UN Safe Area in 1993, under the watch of the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR). In July 1995, General Ratko Mladić and his Serbian paramilitary units overran and captured the town, despite its designation as an area “free from any armed attack or any other hostile act”. In the days following Srebrenica’s fall, more than 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys were systematically massacred and buried in mass graves. Thousands of women, children and elderly people were forcibly deported and a large number of women were raped. It was the greatest atrocity on European soil since the Second World War. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) and the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) ruled that the mass execution of Bosniak men and boys in Srebrenica constituted genocide. In 1999, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan wrote: “Through error, misjudgement and an inability to recognise the scope of the evil confronting us, we failed to do our part to help save the people of Srebrenica from the Serb campaign of

mass murder.” Sheffield City Council recently passed a motion to recognise the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Bosnian Town of Srebrenica. The motion was proposed by Cllr Richard Shaw and seconded by Cllr Shaffaq Mohammed. Sheffield City council formally recognised the atrocities, the systematic massacres, mass graves and forcible deportation of women, children and elderly. The importance of campaigns such as Remember Srebrenica in reminds us all to never be complacent and that the international community must strive, constantly, for peace and the defence of human rights. The importance of human rights and the EU and ECHR in promoting peace and internationalism are recognised as all councillors are encouraged to sign the Remembering Srebrenica pledge to ensure that lessons learned from Srebrenica with regards to the importance of tackling intolerance, prejudice and hatred are implemented in British society. However regret was expressed as the motion was passed that in 2015 the government wishes to scrap the Human Rights Act and withdraw the UK from the ECHR.

Over 25,000 Children In Sheffield Are Living In Poverty More than 25,000 children in Sheffield are living in poverty, a new report has claimed. Almost one-third of children under 10 in the city are defined as living in poverty. It has warned problems are likely to increase as a result of the city’s benefit income being cut by £169m through welfare reforms - with some single parent families set to lose over £2,000 per year. The report details the new strategy to tackle child poverty in Sheffield between now and 2018. It said there are now 16 food banks in Sheffield, while city schools have reported having to feed children who have not had breakfast. The report has been created by the city’s Tackling Poverty Partnership Reference Group, which is chaired by Dean of Sheffield Cathedral Peter Bradley and includes representatives from Sheffield City Council, Sheffield Clinical Commissioning Group and other local organisations. The report said: “Poverty and inequality are scars on our city. Around one in five Sheffield people live in poverty at any one time and the latest data showed that there are around 25,705 children of all ages and almost a third of all children under 10 in Sheffield currently living in poverty. “Almost two-thirds of the financial impact of the Government’s welfare reforms will be felt by fami-

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lies with children. Poverty harms them - both now and for the future - and harms our whole community.” The report defines poverty as people who do not have enough to meet their minimum needs - and gave examples of factors such as not having enough to eat, living in poor-quality accommodation and not being able to afford childcare. It said 125,000

people in Sheffield live in areas that are ranked as being in the most deprived 10 per cent of the country. Welfare reforms are having a ‘significant impact’, with 4,000 families in the city affected by the bedroom tax. It has laid out plans to ensure ‘the most damaging and degrading elements of poverty are eliminated’ in Sheffield.


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Muslims ‘Are Britain’s Top Charity Givers’ Muslims are among Britain’s most generous givers, topping a poll of religious groups that donate to charity, according to new research. Muslims who donated to charity last year gave an average of almost £371 each, with Jewish givers averaging just over £270 per person. Nearly one in ten of Jewish givers donated more than £1,000. Among Muslim givers, most donated between £300 and £500. Atheists, by contrast, donated an average of £116 when they gave to charity, with Roman Catholics giving slightly more than £178, other Christians slightly less than £178 and Protestants £202. According to the poll of 4,000, carried out in conjunction with the JustGiving website, nearly four in 10 atheists did not donate

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National Carers Week Paul blomfield MP showed his ongoing support for Carers during National Carers Week. He said: “There are 6.5 million people in the UK who care for a partner, relative or friend and 8 177 of them are in the Sheffield Central Constituency. I am proud to be a patron of Sheffield Carers Centre and was pleased to pledge my support to carers across Sheffield as part of the national Carers Week 2015 awareness campaign, which ran from 8-14th June. From GP practices offering flexible appointments to employers facilitating workers juggling jobs and caring, we must become more a carer-friendly society”. More people are dying due to the continuing heat wave in Pakistan's Karachi, taking the number of deaths to over 1,200. Soaring temperatures have crippled life and overwhelmed the healthcare system. Weather experts forecast the temperatures, which have been as high as 45 degrees Celsius in the past month, are again likely to soar in the next few days in Karachi, the country's biggest city and the financial capital. Sindh Health Minister Jam Mahtab confirmed that out of the nearly 1,200 people killed in the Sindh province due to the heatwave, about 35% were women. Around 25% of those who died were the homeless,

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at all, compared to three in ten Muslims, Catholics and other Christians, nearly three in ten Protestants and more than four in ten Jewish people. JustGiving said a growing number of Muslims were making their charitable donations online.

Zakat, one of the five pillars of Islam, is the compulsory giving of a proportion of one's wealth to charity. JustGiving said religious charities such as Muslim Aid and Islamic Relief benefited most, but many donations also went to the likes of Cancer Research, Macmillan and the British Heart Foundation. JustGiving said: “Our data shows many of Britain’s Muslim communities are at the forefront of digital giving, driving an increase in zakat donations.” The Muslim Council of Britain, said: “It highlights the true spirit and reality of Islam in Britain, in caring not just for the community but also humanity at large and supporting national causes."

David Cameron has signalled what could be the death of the tax credit by insisting that the benefits “merry-go-round” ends - and by saying that the Government’s £12bn welfare cuts will create a fairer Britain by boosting social mobility and economic opportunity. The Prime Minister said the welfare system must help people to get good jobs instead of giving them handouts signalling an attack on the tax credit pay-outs that top up low wages for the working poor and housing benefit. But he said the Government would balance benefit cuts with boosts to the minimum wage and personal tax allowance, as well as providing further childcare support for working families and improvements to education.

“There is what I would call a merry-goround. People working on the minimum wage having that money taxed by the Government and then the Government giving

comes after Chancellor George Osborne and Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith confirmed plans to strip another £12bn a year off the benefits bills. The changes, which will be announced in full in next month’s Budget, will include capping benefits at £23,000 a year for each family. Mr Cameron accused Labour of being “complacent” about the issue of low pay. “Again, it’s dealing with the symptoms of the problem - topping up low pay rather than extending the drivers of opportunity - helping to create well paid jobs in the first place. We need to move from them that money back - and more - in wel- a low wage, high tax, high welfare society to a higher wage, lower tax, lower welfare fare” David Cameron. The speech to an audience in Cheshire society” said David Cameron.

Karachi Heat Wave Kills Nearly 1300

some were drug-addicts and lived on the streets. The power crisis in the Sindh capital and other parts of the province has compounded the problems of residents, who have to face daytime outages lasting several hours. Mahtab stressed that the number of casualties could have been prevented had it not been for the severe power breakdowns in the city by Karachi Electric. The power supplier's operations are being investigated by the federal government. The healthcare system in the province has been overmatched by the weather and is struggling to cater to the medical needs of the huge influx of people seeking treat-

ment for heat-related ailments. Nearly 2,000 patients with such ailments were still being treated at several hospitals, though the temperature has hovered under 40 degrees Celsius during the last week of June, coming down to 35 degrees at times. Mass burials of around 200 unclaimed bodies have been carried out and these are mostly homeless people. A spokesman for the Edhi Foundation which runs a private ambulance service and Karachi's main morgue, said they were still receiving dead bodies and had yesterday buried around 160 unclaimed bodies.

Failing Schools To Be Turned Into Academies Under New Education Bill Around 1,000 failing schools will be turned into academies under a new education bill being published in Parliament later. Every school in England rated inadequate by Ofsted will be turned into an academy. Academies are schools that are directly funded by central government but are run independently of the local authority. They may receive additional support from personal or corporate sponsors. Education secretary Nicky Morgan claims the bill closes legal loopholes “exploited by those who put ideological objections above the best interests of children”. “Today’s landmark Bill will allow the best education experts to intervene in poor schools from the first day we spot failure” Education secretary Nicky Morgan. However, critics of the Education and Adoption Bill say it is a “crude attack on state comprehensive education” and claimed it was irrational and impractical. The Department for Education said a number of leading head teachers and education experts have backed the reforms. But the National Union of Teachers, said the Bill was intended to “silence critics, including parents and teachers”. “A pledge to convert ‘up to 1,000’ schools is as irrational as it is impractical,” she said. Shadow education secretary Tristram Hunt said: “These measures do not meet the challenges we face in education, such as preventing educational inequality setting in during the early years and ensuring highquality teachers are attracted into poorly performing areas.”

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Cheaper Insurance For Young Drivers New research by Consumer Intelligence reveals it's getting cheaper for young drivers to insure their cars. The cheapest average car insurance for drivers under the age 25 has fallen by 10.3% over the last year, according to the market research firm - but this drop may have come at the expense of older motorists. While younger drivers are enjoying lower premiums, the same cannot be said for more senior road users. The nationwide study, which compared figures between May 2014 and May 2015, shows the cheapest average insurance for motorists over the age of 50 has actually climbed by 5.3% in the past 12 months. In the six months between December and May, the average cost of motor insurance was down by

8.4% for under 25s and up by 3.9% for over 50s. But despite the considerable fall, motorists under 25 still face paying an average cheapest premium of £1,628. This is far more than their older counterparts, as the cost of motoring remains steep for new drivers. The average cheapest premium for all drivers crept up by 0.3% to £677 during the 12-month period, even though there was a 1.1% reduction in average cheapest premiums in the six months between December to May. Experts claim the rising number of whiplash claims is behind the increase. Growing cases of 'crash for cash' scams have also played a part, as honest motorists continue to pay the price for the actions of fraudsters.

Paul Blomfield MP Warns Of Threat To Sheffield Adult Education And Training Sheffield Central MP Paul Blomfield warned that thousands of local people would lose out on the education and training that they need if the Government pressed ahead with further cuts to adult skills funding. Speaking at a Parliamentary lobby in the House of Commons, Paul said: “We’ve seen a 30% cut in the adult skills budget since 2010, to be followed by a further 24% cut in the year ahead” and warned that the £2.1million cut in Sheffield College’s adult education budget would mean that “thousands of adults in our city region will lose out on the education and training

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that they need, and that we need them to have to grow the local economy.” He told the packed meeting in Westminster that “Sheffield College has a long and great tradition of high quality adult education and, even in the face of repeated funding cuts, continues to provide educational opportunities for the thousands of adult learners in Sheffield who wish to improve their skills each year”. But he warned that continued funding cuts would “leave too many adults in Sheffield and across the country without the routes into education that they so desperately need.”

biggest threats our world has faced”. “One of the reasons is that there are people who hold some of these views who don’t go as far as advocating violence, but do buy into some of these prejudices, giving the extreme Islamist narrative weight” David Cameron. She said the existence of people in the UK who hold views consistent with the ideology of IS - also called ISIS and ISIL - was not sufficient justification for attacking every Muslim. She added: “It was successful in gaining a headline but, tragically, it lost sections of the British Muslim community, the very people who are fighting the fight that the Prime Minister wants to fight too.” Mr Cameron told the conference that he believes that people giving “credence” to IS’s world view was the reason why it had become so potent. I disagree with the view that you label a community of over three million, you demonise a community, because of the actions of a few hundred or a few thousand” Baroness Warsi.

All Babies In England And Scotland To Get Meningitis Jab From September

Councillor Mohammad Maroof 07790017298 Mohammad.Maroof@Sheffield.gov.uk

Allcllrmohammadmaroof babies in England are to be offered meningitis vaccinations from September. It will be the @cllrmaroof first national immunisation programme against the meningitis B strain of the illness in the world. Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of the lining of the brain and mainly affects young children and teenagers. Negotiations over the cost of the new baby vaccine were finally resolved in March, meaning the Men B programme will be rolled out in England and Scotland from 1 September, with Wales and Northern Ireland expected to follow suit shortly afterwards. Meningitis can kill up to one in 10 of the people who get the disease, and leave others with severe disabilities, loss of limbs. The Bexsero MenB vaccine, which was recom-

mended by health experts a year ago, is being added to the national childhood immunisation scheme, with babies getting the first of three jabs at two months from September. From August, teenagers aged 17 and 18 years old will also be offered a combined dose to protect against the meningitis A, C, W and Y strains.

UK Population Reaches Record 64.6m The UK's population is at a record level after it increased by almost half a million to 64.6 million within a year, according to official figures. The increase between mid-2013 and mid-2014 included net immigration of 259,700, the Office for National Statistics said. Over that period 582,600 migrants arrived in the UK, compared with 322,900 people leaving the country - accounting for 53% of the increase. Net international migration was the highest since the year to mid-2011 and up by 76,300 from 183,400. An ONS spokesman said the statistics showed the UK population had grown by almost half a million since mid-2013, up 0.77% to 64,596,800 - higher than the annual increase of 0.75% over the last decade. The estimated population of England in mid2014 was 54.3 million, up 0.84%, with the corresponding figures for Scotland standing at 5.3 million (up 0.37%), 3.1 million in Wales (0.31%), and 1.8 million inNorthern Ireland (0.59%). The overall increase was due to natural growth of 226,200 and a net migration of 259,700, while an increase of 5,200 was due to other changes and adjustments, mainly in the armed forces. Over the period, the median age of the popu-

lation was 40, the highest ever estimated, with the proportion of older people continuing to rise with more than 11.4 million people aged 65 and over, up from 11.1 million the previous year. Projections from the ONS indicate that by 2044 a quarter of the UK population will be aged 65 and over. The trend of an ageing population has continued over the last 30 years, partly due to an increase in life expectancy and also the high number of births in the years following the Second World War. The world is heading for an additional four billion people by 2100. We are all affected adversely by the rapid population growth of recent decades. Examples include pressure on housing and public services to the environment and climate change. As a nation we need to invest more in addressing these issues. Our emphasis should be on improved family planning and women's education and empowerment, together with public information campaigns about the immense strains population and consumption growth place on our planet. The Government needed to talk about family planning as part of a sustainable lifestyle, and look at ways of keeping the older population in work.

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Zaheer Abbas Confirmed As ICC President

Former Pakistan batsman Zaheer Abbas was confirmed as ICC president on the third day of the ICC annual conference in Barbados. Abbas, who had been chosen for the post by the PCB, thanked the ICC for accepting his nomination. "I am thankful to all of you for the support and confidence placed in me by confirming my nomi-

nation," Abbas said. "I am also grateful to the PCB for proposing my candidacy as the ICC president. I assure you all that I will stand shoulder to shoulder with all the ICC Members as we continue to strive to inspire more and more people to fall in love with the game we cherish." N Srinivasan, the ICC chairman, described Abbas as a "worthy ambassador" of the game. "Zaheer's outstanding career as a stylish right-handed batsman is reflected in his remarkable record with 108 first-class hundreds and more than 7,500 international runs," Srinivasan said. "Zaheer is clearly an iconic cricketer who always played the game with skill, flair and in the true spirit. He is a worthy ambassador of our great game." The ICC council also approved the admission of the Serbia Cricket Federation as the 58th Affiliate Member. The Affiliate Memberships of Morocco and Turkey were suspended, while Brunei was removed as an Affiliate.

Motorists Against Scrapping Paper Driving Licences The majority of motorists are against the Government’s decision to scrap the paper-based driving counterpart licence according to a new poll by Motorpoint. An online survey by the UK’s leading car supermarket found 53.1% of people quizzed didn’t want to see the paper-based counterpart driving licence replaced by an online service – which came into effect last month. Just under 1,000 people took part in the snap poll by Motorpoint. The paper-based counterpart driving licence showing a driver’s record, including offences and endorsements, has been replaced by an online

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service from June 8 in a bid to save motorists millions of pounds. Last year over 445,000 paperbased driving counterpart licences were lost for which motorists were charged £20 each to cover the cost of replacement. Any paper based driving licence issued before the photocard was introduced in 1998 remains valid. Motorpoint, said: “Although the changes announced by the Government have caused some initial confusion over the medium to long term the new system once it has settled down should prove to be more efficient as well as cost effective for drivers.”

TV Licence Could Be Replaced With ‘Household Tax’ A’household tax’ could replace BBC licence fee in the next ten years, the corporation’s chief has revealed . Lord Hall, the BBC director-general, defended the £145.50 a year charge and insisted families would have to pay more if it was replaced with Sky-TV style subscription model. But he admitted it could be replaced by a new way of funding the corporation, adding: ‘I’ll go along with the argument that’s it got 10 years life in it.’ Lord Hall said a ‘household tax’ – as proposed by the Commons Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee – was a ‘very interesting idea’. He added there is broad agreement for the licence fee to be reformed to ensure ‘everyone is paying equally for it and I would go along with that’.

Lord Hall said the type of reform is up to the Government to decide and the BBC to debate, adding: ‘It could be a household tax, I don’t know whether that works or not. ‘We suggested ways of reforming it so whatever way you consume and use BBC services you can pay for it and I think somewhere in there lies a solution.’ But he claimed the public were happy with the current set up. He said : ‘Our audiences, when you ask them, actually think that the case for the licence fee as a method of funding the BBC has gone up and has not gone down. That’s really important. The TV licence fee currently costs £145.50 per year for every household that watches or records live TV – but it is not required to watch catch-up TV, like the BBC iPlayer.

Motor Insurance Premiums To Increase Premiums are likely to start rising over the next 12 months, according to Deloitte, the business advisory firm. Average premiums fell by 12% between 2012 and 2014 but the trend is likely to reverse as insurers made only modest underwriting profits last year. They paid out £99 in claims and expenses for every £100 of premiums in 2013. Deloitte said: “After nearly two years of fall-

ing prices, I expect car insurance premiums to start rising in line with inflation over the next 12 months. The UK personal motor insurance industry returned to underwriting profitability in 2013 and reported some of the best figures since 2004. However, these figures were supported by the fact that insurers felt able to release claims reserves held at the previous year end and this trend cannot go on indefinitely.”

Plans Due For ‘£3bn’ Restoration Of ‘Crumbling’ Houses Of Parliament The Houses of Parliament are in such bad condition that the building could collapse without billions of pounds worth of repairs. An independent report is due to be published laying out a range of options for renovating the Palace of Westminster, all of which would take years and involve vast expense. A team of specialists were commissioned to come up with practical proposals for change following a study published in 2012. It showed that unless significant restoration work is undertaken, major, irreversible damage may be done to the Palace. It is thought the cost of a full refit will be in the billions and £3bn might be a cautious estimate.

MPs could be told that unless they are prepared to vacate the building while the work is going on, it will be more costly. The bulk of the building dates from the mid-19th century, after the original Palace of Westminster was all but destroyed by fire in 1834. It remains a titanic monument to the splendour of Victorian Britain, but behind its splendid facade, parliament is now showing its age. The roof was built from cast iron - cutting edge technology at the time, but now corroded and leaking. Stonework has been seriously damaged over the years - the old London smog ate away at the walls and in many places they have never been repaired.

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EDUCATION AND HIGH STORRS A-Level Urdu at Risk literacy skills, better vocabulary skills and often improved memory and listening skills. Studying another language also gives students a better understanding of their own culture and that of others. Last month at High Storrs we have started a very important campaign. Edexcel Exam Board announced that they will be withdrawing their Urdu A-level course in 2017. They are currently the only exam board to offer this qualification so when they stop there will be no A-level qualification available in Urdu. Mr Akram, shocked by this decision, has started both a paper and an online petition in an attempt to get it reversed. He and students at High Storrs have been working hard to raise the profile of this issue. They have visited the local community and written letters to local councillors and MPs. They have even managed to grab the attention of Nicky Morgan, the Secretary of State for Education, who, when contacted about the issue, wrote "There are considerable benefits to learning a second language and we are committed to seeing a wide range of languages to be maintained at GCSE and A level - including Urdu" Studying another language at GCSE or A-level is very important for students, not only does it improve a student’s understanding of the second language it often improves their English too. Students studying a second language have better

While we do not have huge number of students studying Urdu at A-level we believe that it is vitally important to our school community that this qualification is offered to students. Mr Gage, Headteacher of High Storrs School, said “This decision is surprising and disappointing. High Storrs has offered this qualification to students from across the whole of Sheffield. We hope we can persuade the examination board to reverse this decision and support our Urdu speaking community in this campaign.’ Many staff and students at High Storrs have already signed the petitions and have been passing the word around in order to get as many signatures as possible. Ms Bonner, Head of 6th Form at High Storrs, signed the online petition, saying, “Urdu is an important part of our curriculum offer and opens up many opportunities for our students in HE and employment.” Mr Lockwood, Head of Montgomery House at High Storrs, also signed, commenting that “The opportunity to study, in depth, any

language is valuable and opens doors to understanding society and different cultures. To the students in my school this is also a recognition of the value that we place on them in the school and in our country.” Some staff even bravely agreed to have their photo taken in support. The online petition has over 600 signatures, from people as far afield as Kirkcaldy (near Dunfermline in Scotland, just in case you were wondering), Harrow and even Lahore and Rawalpindi in Pakistan. Many of the signatures are from people who do not necessarily want to study Urdu themselves but understand the importance of this option b e i n g available to those who do. The paper petition is also going strong, with approximately 1500 signatures, and counting. If you would like to support our campaign please sign the online petition. This can be found at www.change. org. If you click on search at the top of the home page and type in ‘Urdu’, our petition is the first one on the list. If you would rather sign a paper petition this is available in school or at Medina Masjid. Please ask as many people as you can to sign

our petitions as the more signatures we have the stronger our voice will be. We would also like to take this opportunity to mention the High Storrs School Literacy and Numeracy Summer School. This is open to all students, currently in Y6, who are planning to come to High Storrs School in September. It is a week of interesting and academically valuable activities, involving a variety of subjects such as sport, languages, English, maths, computing and many more. The Summer School is designed to help students make a flying start at High Storrs and to make excellent progress. If you know any Y6 students who might be interested in this activity more information is available from High Storrs. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact High Storrs School. (Tel no: 0114 267 0000, email: enquiries@highstorrs.sheffield.sch.uk)

Mrs Heggs and Mr Akram

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Hajj Pilgrims Urged To Check Health Advice Muslims planning to travel to Saudi Arabia for the annual Hajj pilgrimage have been urged to check the latest health advice before booking trips The pilgrimage to Mecca is expected to fall between September 21-26 and traditionally many people begin making travel plans during the holy month of Ramadan. Public Health England (PHE) and the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) have issued updated advice for all pilgrims, particularly in the light of the on-going cases of Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). And although PHE and NaTHNaC do not currently advise any travel restrictions to Saudi Arabia in relation to MERS-CoV, the Ministry of Health in Saudi Arabia has recommended that the following groups postpone the performance of the Hajj and Umrah this year for their own safety: Older people (over 65 years of age) those with chronic diseases (such as heart, kidney or respiratory disease, diabetes), immune deficiency, cancer and terminal illnesses) pregnant women and children under 12 years of age Although there have only been a relatively small number of confirmed MERS-CoV cases worldwide, the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health has advised vulnerable people and children who may have been planning to travel to the Middle East to perform the Hajj or Umrah to postpone their pilgrimage. Other people should continue with their plans but follow the specific guidance on the Hajj and Umrah, and other general advice about staying safe and healthy when travelling. There is growing evidence

of the possible role of camels in transmitting MERS-CoV to humans. It is advised that travellers, particularly those with underlying or chronic medical conditions, to avoid contact with camels in the Middle East and practise good hand and respiratory hygiene to reduce the risk of respiratory illnesses. Pilgrims returning from Hajj and Umrah with flu-like symptoms including fever and cough, or shortness of breath within 14 days of being in the Middle East, should contact their GP immediately and inform them of their travel.” MERS-CoV is a type of coronavirus, first identified in a Middle Eastern citizen in 2012. Although cases continue to be reported from the Middle East, no new cases of MERS have been detected in the UK since the cases linked to the Middle East in February 2013. As of 31 May 2015, the Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia has reported 1,149 cases of MERS, including 431 deaths, occurring mainly among residents. The risk to most travellers is still considered to be very low. The World Health Organization (WHO) does not currently advise any travel restrictions to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in relation to MERS.

Not since the age of the dinosaurs ended 66 million years ago has the planet been losing species at this rapid a rate, said a study led by experts at Stanford University, Princeton University and the University of California, Berkeley. The study shows without any significant doubt that we are now entering the sixth great mass extinction event. And humans are likely to be among the species lost, said the study -- which its authors described as "conservative". If it is allowed to continue, life would take many millions

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An estimated 400 million people worldwide lack access to at least one of seven essential health services, ranging from pregnancy care to clean water, according to a report released by the World Health Organization and World Bank. At the same time, more people have access to essential health services than ever before, the report said, though coverage gaps remain. The report, which examined surveys from 37 nations conducted between 2002 and 2012, is the first to track progress toward universal health coverage. The goal of universal coverage, which would mean all citizens would have access to health services without experiencing financial hardship to pay for them, is likely to be included in the United Nations' upcoming Sustainable Development Goals. The report found a median of 1.8 percent of people had experienced "catastrophic health

of years to recover and our species itself would likely disappear early on. The analysis is based on documented extinctions of vertebrates, or animals with internal skeletons such as frogs, reptiles and tigers, from fossil records and other historical data. The modern rate of species loss was compared to the "natural rates of species disappearance before human activity dominated." It can be difficult to estimate this rate, also known as the background rate, since humans don´t know exactly what happened throughout the course of Earth´s 4.5 billion year history. For the study, researchers used a past extinction rate that was twice as high as widely used estimates. If the past rate was two mammal extinctions per 10,000 species per 100 years, then the "average rate of vertebrate species loss over the last century is up to 114 times higher than it would be without human activity, even when relying on the most conservative estimates of species extinction," said the study. "We emphasize that our calculations very likely underestimate the severity of the extinction crisis because our aim was to place a realistic lower bound on humanity´s impact on biodiversity." The causes of species loss range from climate change to pollution to deforestation and more. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, about 41 percent of all amphibian species and 26 percent of all mammals are threatened with extinction.

spending" – costs totaling more than one-quarter of household expenditures – in the previous year, while 6 percent tipped or fell further below the extreme poverty line of $1.25 per day because of healthcare costs. When the poverty measure was raised to $2, that number climbed to 17 percent. Still, a sub-survey of 23 countries accounting for one-eighth of the world's population found the proportion of people suffering catastrophic payments dropped 29 percent between 2000 and 2011. Impoverishing payments fell 24 percent over the same period. The report suggested universal health coverage is an achievable goal and showed that progress has been made toward it. The aim has been controversial, particularly in some advanced nations including the United States, where debate persists over the structure, funding and feasibility of a universal program.

Britons Turn Against Refugees As Fear Of Muslims Increases Nearly half of Britons do not believe refugees should be welcomed into the UK, research suggests. Some 42% - 11% more than when asked last year - said Britain should not take in foreign nationals fleeing conflict or persecution in their own countries, according to a poll of more than 6,000 people. Meanwhile, 47% said the UK should not provide refuge to people fleeing Syria and other Middle Eastern countries. The findings come after Britain helped rescue more than 1,000 people off the coast of Libya last month, where hundreds are feared to have drowned so far this year trying to make the crossing to Europe. Muslim charities play a vital role in delivering aid to some of the world’s most vulnerable people

Earth Enters Sixth Mass Extinction Phase The world is embarking on its sixth mass extinction with animals disappearing about 100 times faster than they used to and humans could be among the first victims. Humans have already triggered the start of Earth’s sixth mass extinction, thereby threatening their own future as a species. The window of opportunity to prevent the worst diversity disaster since dinosaurs were swept from the planet 65 million years ago is rapidly closing.

Some 400 Million Lack Healthcare Worldwide

in some of the world’s most dangerous places. Jehangir Malik, Islamic Relief’s UK director, said: “The results of this poll are extremely worrying because they show that public attitudes towards Muslims are hugely negative and attitudes towards refugees have hardened significantly." British Muslims donate more than £100 million to charity during Ramadan alone, and Islamic Relief’s Ramadan Appeal raised a record £19 million last year - including a £5 million donation from the UK Government, according to the charity. It’s time we celebrated the role British Muslims play as part of the solution rather than demonising the Muslim community as part of the problem.

Sachin Voted 21st Century’s Best Test Player Indian batting legend Sachin Tendulkar has been voted the “best Test player” of the 21st century in an online poll conducted by Cricket Australia. Tendulkar amassed the highest number of votes breezing past Sri Lanka’s Kumar Sangakkara, who had to settle for the second spot, reports cricket.com.au. Currently working as an advisor to the Mumbai Indians franchise in the Indian Premier League (IPL), Tendulkar earned 23 percent of the votes followed by Sangakkara with 14 percent and former Australian hard-hitting wicket-keeper batsman Adam Gilchrist with 13 percent. The 42-year-old who retired in 2013 is, however,

the only Indian on the top 10 list which includes two Sri Lankan, three South African and four Australian cricketers. The top 10 list: 1. Sachin Tendulkar (India) 23 percent 2. Kumar Sangakkara (Sri Lanka) 14 percent 3. Adam Gilchrist (Australia) 13 percent 4. Ricky Ponting (Australia) 11 percent 5. Jacques Kallis (South Africa) 11 percent 6. AB de Villiers (South Africa) 10 percent 7. Shane Warne (Australia) 9 percent 8. Glenn McGrath (Australia) 5 percent 9. Muthiah Muralidaran (SL) 3 percent 10. Dale Steyn (South Africa) 1 percent

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Police & Crime Commissioner launches new INDEPENDENT ADVISORY PANEL for Ethnic Minorities On Tuesday 2nd June the S Y Police & Crime Commissioner, Dr Alan Billings launched his new Independent Advisory Panel for Ethnic Minorities. With members drawn from across South Yorkshire, and chaired by Abdul Khayum, the aim of the Panel is to advise the PCC, SYP and relevant partners on working with and delivering accessible and responsive policing related services to minority communities. Prior to the launch of the new Panel, Abdul Khayum presented the Annual Report on the work of the previous Panel (BME Advisory Panel) that was established by and worked to advise the former PCC Shaun Wright. He said, it had been a privilege to have had the opportunity the chair the BME Independent Advisory Panel. He recapped on the work of the BME Advisory Panel in the previous year and spoke of the vital platform the Panel provided helping to advise the PCC and SYP with consultative dialogue and meaningful communi-

cation. He highlighted the expertise and knowledge that the Panel members had brought to the table, representing issues that the BME communities face on a daily basis. He said, ‘throughout the year, the Panel had discussed with S Y Police, key issues that affect our communities at grass roots level. These included Stop & Search, Human Trafficking, Extremism, Hate Crime, Child Sexual Exploitation and Recruitment of Special Constables from BME communities.

that more than ever, we need to keep talking to find solutions. The Chief Constable said he fully supports the Panel, and with lots of challenges ahead, we must all rise to meet them.

Kashaf Walayat, who is the Specialist Adviser to the PCC presented the Panel with an overview of his responsibilities and put forward proposals for the future work of the Panel. He said he will make recommendations to the PCC regarding improvements that can be made and iniThe PCC Dr Alan Billings thanked every- tiatives to widen participation. one for their contribution to the Black Minority and Ethnic Advisory Panel and Abdul Khayum, who will continue to highlighted that by all working together chair the new Panel said, ‘I believe the tangible differences have been made Advisory Panel will continue to play an to the police and the community. He important role in Police-Community resaid he was confident that the new In- lations in South Yorkshire by helping to dependent Advisory Panel for Minority improve police services to BME commuCommunities can make a new and even nities. It is only through consultation and better difference moving forward, and he dialogue that service providers are able looked forward to working together in to take on board, the social/ cultural/ the future for the benefit of the PCC, SYP religious needs of the different commuand the communities in South Yorkshire. nities and tailor their services for more appropriate provision to the many comThe South Yorkshire Police Chief Consta- munities that they serve. This year, we ble, David Crompton, said he echoed the are hoping to further improve the work PCC’s comments and thanked everyone of the Panel, and I look forward to confor giving up their time to be involved in tinuing to work with colleagues from the work of the Panel. He stressed how across South Yorkshire who have shown important it is for conversations to take a great deal of commitment to help implace. Whether it is about Terrorism, prove services for the ultimate benefit of Syria, Trafficking issues, or Child Sexual our communities. Exploitation, economic pressures mean Abdul Khayum – A well known Sheffield community advocate/ activist, who has over 25 years experience of working in the voluntary/ community sector, has worked with many service providers to help improve services for BME communities in South Yorkshire. His work includes important areas of provision such as Education, Housing and Probation Services as well as Community facilities and of course the Police Service. Prior the becoming Chair of the Advisory Panel, he worked extensively in Police/ Community Liaison and then with the South Yorkshire Police Authority, to help establish and chair the first SYP Independent Advisory Group.

‘Stop Calling Terrorist Organisation As Islamic State’ More than 120 Members of Parliament from across the political spectrum have signed letters calling for the BBC and the Government to stop referring to the terrorist organisation as “the Islamic State”. The letters, authored by Rehman Chishti MP, have been signed by high profile figures including the Mayor of London, Boris Johnson MP, the former First Minister of Scotland, Alex Salmond MP, and the Chair of the Home Affairs Select Committee, Keith Vaz MP. They call on the Prime Minister and the BBC to refer to the so called ‘Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant’ (ISIL) as 'Daesh', in line with many other countries including

France and Turkey and across the Middle East. Last year the French Government officially adopted the title ‘Daesh’ and urged media outlets to use this name instead. The word 'Daesh', which is an Arabic acronym for the group, holds negative connotations, referring to “one who sows discord”. The cross party group of MPs believe that the current titles give legitimacy to a terrorist organisation that is not Islamic nor has it been recognised as a state and that it is insulting to many Muslims around the World. Commenting on the letters, the Member

of Parliament for Gillingham and Rainham, Rehman Chishti MP said: “This is a barbaric terrorist organisation that is causing large scale destruction in the Middle East and they are trying to gain legitimacy by calling themselves an ‘Islamic State’, when they are not a state nor are they Islamic. 'These letters, signed by more than 120 MPs, show the strength of feeling across the political spectrum that we need to call them what they really are. I hope that the Government, the BBC and others will follow in calling then ‘Daesh’ instead.'

Racism Poem Shaheryar A. Chishty Don’t judge me Don’t budge me Don’t hold a grudge on me Don’t run away from me I want you to accept me I may be a Victoria sponge cake Or a black forest drizzle cake But both taste sweet! I may be the colour brown I may be the colour white But please don’t judge me Without a sight I am not different to anybody else So please include me with yourself Some people are kind some people are mean But some people go to the unwanted extreme It doesn’t really matter who we are We can celebrate differences without a scar

German chancellor Merkel tops Forbes’ list of 100 powerful women German chancellor Angela Merkel tops Forbes’ list of 100 powerful women for the fifth consecutive time. Angela Merkel has again been placed at the top of 100 powerful women list for adopting policies considered highly suitable for her country. Former US Foreign Secretary Hillary Clinton is second and Melinda Gates, wife of Microsoft founder Bill Gates, has been placed at third position. Chairman of the Board of Governors of the United States Federal Reserve System Janet Yellen grabs the fourth spot while Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of General Motors Mary Barra came fifth. Michelle Obama, wife of US President Barack Obama, was at tenth place while philanthropist and media proprietor Oprah Winfrey was at 12th place. The concept of power can be nebulous — especially when it comes to gender. As of January 2015, 10 women served as heads of state and 14 as heads of government. Women currently hold 23 (4.6%) of CEO positions at S&P 500 companies. Of a total 1,826 global billionaires, 197 are women — 11% of the total. Only 9% of executive officers in Silicon Valley are women. The 2015 power women list features eight heads of state (plus one monarch) who run nations with a combined GDP of $9.1 trillion with over 600 million citizens — including the newly elected Polish Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz. The 24 corporate CEOs control nearly $1 trillion in annual revenues, and 18 of the women here founded their own companies or foundations, including the youngest self-made billionaire, Elizabeth Holmes, 31. This year’s class has 15 billionaires with cumulative net worth of nearly $75 billion. The total social media footprint (Twitter, YouTube) of all 100 Power Women is nearly 475 million followers and fans.

King Of The Jungle Among 23,000 Species Facing Extinction The mighty lion, reclusive cave crabs and the world’s rarest sea lion are among nearly 23,000 species at risk of dying out. In an update to its “Red List” of threatened species, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) hailed some clear advances in saving endangered species like the Iberian Lynx. But, it warned, those successes have been overshadowed by declines in a range of species, with 22,784 species of animals and plants threatened with extinction. The lion remains listed as vulnerable at a global level, with its western African subpopulation listed as “critically endangered” due to over-hunting and dwindling prey. Rapid decline

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has also been recorded in eastern Africa, which historically has been a stronghold for lions, IUCN said, warning that trade in bones and other body parts for traditional medicine in Africa and in Asia was a new and emerging threat to the species. Following six decades of decline, however, the population of the Iberian Lynx, considered the world’s most endangered feline, has seen its numbers swell from 52 adults in 2002 to 156 a decade later. The Guadalupe Fur Seal, which was twice thought to be extinct in the late 1800s and early 1900s has also seen its numbers increase.

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# A mission to feed

Families relief, a UK registered charity working across Africa, Asia, Europe and the middle east serving thousands of families with projects from emergency aid to medical centers, to individual tailored schemes like school uniforms, equipment, meals and education development. They also have income generation projects which ensure that individuals and families have access to the right skills which will amount to them having a sustainable economic and social development. Allowing them to develop and improve their ability to generate an income so that they are no longer dependent on aid agencies for their food and shelter. On this occasion they were holding a special event in Sheffield to raise funds to feed 200,000 poor and needy people for the whole month of Ramadan. The evening included recitation from the holy

Quran by renowned reciter Qari Ghulam Yaseen, live entertainment from renowned nasheed artist hafiz Anwaar Zahidy and Ramadan enlightenments and reminders from Hafiz Omar Farook Alazhari. There was also a presentation about the work Families Relief do and how their work is making changes to lives of the needy. This was all topped off with a delicious mouth watering three course meal. Let’s help ourselves by helping others, this is an ongoing project and needs our continued help. As many of us will break our fast this Ramadan with luxurious food in the comforts of our homes, millions around the world are forced to continue their fast due to an absence of food. We can help provide a meal for our brothers and sisters around the world, so that together we can end their starva-

tion. Donate today and feed the fasting this Ramadan. More details can be found at http://www.familiesrelief.org.uk/appeals/missionfeed/ or by calling the hotline on 0114 365 4454 | 07791 389596.

How India changed the English language For hundreds of years, words have flowed along the routes of trade and empire. They are in there, often unnoticed. The words that have become part of everyday English. Loot, nirvana, pyjamas, shampoo and shawl; bungalow, jungle, pundit and thug. What are the roots, and routes, of these Indian words? How and when did they travel and what do their journeys into British vernacular – and then the Oxford English Dictionary – tell us about the relationship between Britain and India? Long before the British Raj – before the East India Company acquired its first territory in the Indian subcontinent in 1615 – South Asian words from languages such as Hindi, Urdu, Malayalam and Tamil had crept onto foreign tongues. For example, Ginger, pepper and indigo entered English via ancient routes: they reflect the early Greek and Roman trade with India and come through Greek and Latin into English. Ginger comes from Malayalam in Kerala, travels through Greek and Latin into Old French and Old English, and then the word and plant became a global commodity. In the 15th Century, it’s introduced into the Caribbean and Africa and it grows, so the word, the plant and the spice spread across the world.” As global trade expanded through European conquests of the East Indies, the flow of Indian words into English gathered momentum. Many came via Portuguese. The Portuguese conquest of Goa dates back to the 16th Century, and mango, and curry, both come to us via Portuguese – mango began as ‘mangai’ in Malayalam and Tamil, entered Portuguese as ‘manga’ and then English with an ‘o’ ending.

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Scents and sensibilities Hindi, Urdu, Tamil, Malayalam, Portuguese and English words pinballed around the globe in the 16th and 17th Centuries, revealing how languages evolve over time as culture is made and remade, and people adapt to conditions around them. This is neatly illustrated by three words – shawl, cashmere and patchouli – that travel hand-in-hand from India into 18thCentury English. Cashmere is what we associate with wool and its origins are in Kashmir and the wool produced by Kashmir goats. It was closely associated with shawl, a word which originates in Persian, and travels into India via Urdu and Hindi and then enters English. Shawl enters English in the 18th and 19th Century because it becomes a desirable luxury garment for women in high society – if you had a brother working for the East India Company, you would want him to send you a beautifully embroidered shawl. Patchouli is linked to shawls because the perfume was used to in ‘Good ol’ Blighty’ but it comes from the Urdu word for foreigner deter moths while shawls were being transported and as a result or European, ‘vilayati’. So it’s been subverted and used as a homthis heady, heavy perfume became popular in Britain. age by the British and eventually has become part of the English language. The right climate India’s influence on English points towards how language is perpetEnglish reflects the symbiotic nature of Empire. It was inevitable ually in motion, and highlights the importance of former colonies with colonialism that Britain would imbibe the local culture and it in the making of the modern world. would have a lasting effect because colonialism flows two ways. Look at the things in British culture that have come from the Commonwealth that Britain calls its own like tea, and language is part of that too. One way of looking at it is these Indian words disrupted the English language because they just didn’t exist in English – for example veranda. The climate’s cold here so you wouldn’t have a veranda, or pyjamas – loose fitting cotton trousers, which again are perfect for a hot climate. Today, words such as wifi, internet, Google, email and selfie have become universal, there aren’t other words for them, so they have infiltrated English and languages all over the world. Social media has also changed the way we talk, the meaning of a word such as ‘like’ has completely shifted, also ‘following’, or ‘lol’ – the new disrupter of the English language is technology. Empire was a major disrupt to English through exposing Britain to so many cultures and languages. Lets look at the Indian-English word – Blighty. It shows how language is constantly evolving. It’s usually used by expat Brits referring to Britain and the homeland as

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Minhaj-Ul-Quran Launches ‘First Islamic Counter-Terrorism Curriculum’ A UK based Islamic organisation has launched a campaign aimed at dissuading vulnerable teenagers from travelling to Iraq or Syria to join ISIS. Minhaj-ul Quran International (MQI) launched the first Islamic 'counter-terrorism curriculum' last month at Westminster The founder of Minhaj-ulQuran, Dr Muhammad Tahir-ulQadri has prepared three separate curricula to dismantle the ISIS ideology using authentic Islamic sources. Dr Qadri said, "In the Islamic legal system, ISIS or any other terror group have absolutely no authority or legitimacy for setting up an 'Islamic State'. It is an armed rebellion against the Muslim states and collective order. ISIS is an enemy of humanity". "It's absolutely imperative that Imams, clerics and parents teach the counter-arguments as outlined in our curriculum to protect young Muslims from being brainwashed by their propaganda." Spokesman of Minhaj-ul-Quran UK, Shahid Mursaleen said, "This is the first ever comprehensive counter-terrorism curriculum which dismantles ISIS and terrorist ideology and tackles it head on theologically. ISIS has absolutely no grounds to

declare jihad or recruit young Muslims for jihad in an act against humanity." "The curriculum has been endorsed by various Muslim organisations, Imams and clerics throughout UK and Europe who will teach and train young people at their schools and mosques." "So far we have trained 50 young British Muslims in this new curriculum who are already tackling ISIS ideology online." Muhammad Tahir ul-Qadri said it is essential to teach people of all ages and faiths that terrorism is a violation of Islamic principles. The 900-page curriculum is designed to halt the spread of militant Islam that has radicalized thousands of Europeans including hundreds from Britain who have joined forces with ISIS militants in Syria and Iraq. Ul-Qadri says the curriculum should provide a counter-narrative to the ISIS call for Europeans to come to Syria and live in their self-proclaimed Caliphate. He does not have formal ties to the British government and it is not clear if his curriculum will be used by state schools.

Teaching proper Islamic principles will help stem extremism Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri

I have prepared the Islamic curriculum on peace and counter-terrorism to help tackle the distortions of religious teachings that lead to radicalisation It is an unfortunate fact that through the actions of a minority, Islam and Muslims have become closely associated with terrorism. As a result, Muslim citizens or residents of western countries have come under increased scrutiny, with questions being raised about identity, multiculturalism and loyalty to the state. The emergence of Islamic State, a particularly brutal and bloodthirsty incarnation of Islamic extremism, has only intensified this scrutiny. A growing number of young Muslim citizens of western countries are travelling to the Middle East to join this terrorist organisation. Muslims travelling abroad to fight what they see as jihad is not entirely a new phenomenon, but with the particularly brutal violence and beheadings committed by British citizens in recent months, the situation has reached a tipping point. The vast majority of Muslims are law-abiding citizens getting on with their daily lives, making significant economic, cultural and political contributions to Britain. British Muslims endeavour in the most part to counter extremist narratives. That said, there remains a feeling among some that the ultimate responsibility for dealing with the problem of radicalisation lies with the government, its agencies and security services. In our view, this is a negation of responsibility – surely parents, imams and religious teachers must be key players in the struggle against radicalisation? The methods used by those involved in radicalisation involve presenting Islamic teachings in a distorted way, or employing cliches masquerading as authentic Islamic teachings. This may take place within their educational institutes, mosques, clubs, societies and informal networks of friends including online and social media. A particularly potent concern is that many sections of the Muslim community, let alone non-Muslims, often seem to have a poor understanding of the signs of extremism. Nor are they equipped to counter it with evidence from the Qur’an and Sunnah, the primary sources of knowledge and laws of Islam, or make use of centuries of classical Islamic scholarship. Neither has there been any major push towards addressing the problem from

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GCSE Exam Bar Raised Under new changes to England’s exams pupils will have to score more highly to gain a “good pass” in their GCSEs. Candidates will have to obtain a Grade 5, equivalent to a low B or high C now, as grading switches to numbers nine to one in exams to be taken first in 2017. The aim is to make standards comparable to top-performing countries such as Finland, Canada, and the Netherlands. Education Secretary Nicky Morgan says raising the bar on GCSE exams will help pupils achieve in life. The new grading system, which replaces the A to G system with a new nine-to-one numbered scale, comes as new “more rigorous” GCSEs are being introduced for first teaching this September. The new grading system has been designed to reveal the differences between candidates at the top end. Currently, candidates are expected to achieve a C to attain a “good pass”, although grades below this are still officially

considered passes. The announcement comes after the government said all pupils would have to study English Baccalaureate (EBacc) subjects to GCSE. It means they must sit English, maths, science, history or geography, and a language. Mrs Morgan said: “This means ensuring children study key subjects that provide them with the knowledge they need to reach their potential – while setting a higher bar at GCSE so young people, their parents and teachers can be sure that the grades they achieve will help them get on in life.” The government says the new measures will place England’s education system on a par with the best-performing countries, pushing expectations and aspirations of young people and ensuring they can compete with peers across the globe.

Mobile Phone Drivers could Face £200 Fine Fines for using a mobile phone behind the wheel on Britain’s roads are set to be doubled. In a crackdown on dangerous driving, Whitehall chiefs want to hit those who talk or text while driving with a £200 on-the-spot penalty. Civil servants are reportedly drawing up plans to increase the fines, which were put up from £60 to £100 in 2013 but have failed to curb the number of offenders. You can get an automatic fixed penalty notice if you’re caught using a hand-held phone while driving or riding. You’ll get 3 penalty points on your licence and a fine of £ 200. Your case could also go to court and you could be disqualified from driving or riding and get a maximum fine of £1000.

Shock figures out earlier this year from the Department for Transport suggested 500,000 motorists a day were still flouting the rules. The number of people prosecuted for driving whilst using a mobile rocketed from 736 in 2005 to 7,380 in 2011, with a high of 8,116 in 2009. In contrast, road policing numbers have been slashed by nearly a quarter since 2010 thanks to government budget cuts. In another bid to make the roads safer, ministers have also suggested a radical redesign of lorries and HGVs to include glass doors so drivers can better see cyclists riding next to them. Older lorries would need to be fitted with sensor systems or cameras to give them better visibility.

an ideological or theological perspective. This is the reason any strategy to effectively deal with the problem needs to focus on improving awareness – not only among young people, but also among imams, religious teachers and parents. It should be said here that among the many causes of radicalisation and terrorism, the role of theology cannot be understated. Some people, either through genuine ignorance or for other less innocent reasons, try to deflect the blame for religious radicalisation entirely on to foreign policy and military ventures in the Middle East and elsewhere. While these issues no doubt play a significant role in the process of radicalisation, too often the theologically based narratives that underpin the ideology of the extremists are downplayed or underestimated. Radical ideology depends upon a framework of (distorted) theological reference points and scriptural justifications. It is here that appropriate intervention can bear fruit. Challenging the narratives and belief structures of the misguided with proper Islamic principles and validated interpretations of scripture must be incorporated into any method if it is to be effective. It is with all this in mind that I have prepared the Islamic curriculum on peace and counter-terrorism. The curriculum is to be used as the basis for educating and training imams, clerics, teachers and young people about the broad array of ideological and theological principles that underpin radicalisation, and what the true Islamic teachings are on each subject. It is hoped that courses can be developed for people in these target audiences. My organisation, Minhaj-ul-Quran International, has already developed teams of people to deliver talks at school assemblies and hold workshops at universities countrywide. It is the responsibility of Muslims, as well as the wider community, to deal with radicalisation. Through education we can tackle the source of the theological and social factors that lead young men and women astray. We hope that this curriculum will stem the flow of radicalisation, and enable the establishment of peace, harmony, and social cohesion in the long term.

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Third Of Over-65S ‘Rarely Use Public Transport’ Despite Free Bus Pass A third of British pensioners never use public transport despite being eligible for a free bus pass. The most common complaint from those aged 65 and over was that public transport is “not convenient and does not go where you want”. A report titled, The Future of Transport in an Ageing Society, found that 1.45 million over-65s in England struggled to get to a hospital, while 630,000 over-65s found had difficulty getting to their GP’s surgery. Age UK say it is crucial that older people are able to get out and about, especially as the evidence shows this helps them retain their health and independence for longer. The report found that people in the worst health and with the lowest in-

comes who struggled the most to travel to health services. Those in rural areas had worse access to public transport, with 20% of people on their early 70s using it weekly, compared to 38% of city and town dwellers. Some 18% of 65s in the countryside do not use public transport because there is none, compared to 2% of urban pensioners. The bus pass is an absolute lifeline for many who would otherwise be stranded at home and is utterly essential, but the truth is it’s not enough on its own to enable older people to stay mobile. It is worrying that so many older people are struggling to reach hospital, or sometimes even their local GP.

Haider Jehangir Chishty Ilm News photographer

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Device That Helps Blind People See With Their Tongues Just Won FDA Approval Mr Shumile J. Chishty Last week the FDA (food and drug administra tion) announced that medical device c o m p a ny Wicab is allowed to enter the market a new device that will help the blind “see.” The device, called the BrainPort V100, can help the blind navigate by processing visual information and communicating it to the user through electrodes on their tongue. The BrainPort V100 consists of a pair of dark glasses and tongue-stimulating

electrodes connected to a handheld battery-operated device. When cameras in the glasses pick up visual stimulation, software converts the information to electrical pulses sent as vibrations to be felt on the user’s tongue. Like most sensory substitution devices, “seeing” with your tongue may not be natural at first. But the researchers who developed the device tested it over the course of a year, training users to interpret the vibrations. Studies showed that 69% of the test subjects were able to identify an object using the BrainPort device after a year of training. However, the device is expensive; Wicab told ‘Popular Science that it will cost $10,000 per unit, the same as its price when first reported back in 2009.

The blind using the Brainport v100 feel moving bubbles on their tongue, which then they learn to interpret the size, object shape, location and motion in the objects environment. The BrainPort V100 also includes a video camera mounted on a pair of sunglasses. The camera works in a variety of lighting conditions and has an adjustable field of view. The tongue array contains 400 electrodes and is connected to the glasses via a flexible cable. White pixels from the camera are felt on the tongue as strong stimulation, black pixels as no stimulation, and grey levels as medium levels of stimulation. Users report the sensation as pictures that are painted on the tongue with tiny bubbles. A small hand-held unit provides user controls and houses a rechargeable battery. The system will run for approximately 3 hours on a single charge. A big drawback for the BrainPortv100 is that it is very expensive which will cost 10,000 dollars (£6377.96), and not a lot of people will buy it due to the cost and also some people think that this will put a total end to guide dogs and white sticks, the answer to that is no it won’t but it will fill in any missing information.

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IMMIGRATION LAW UPDATES

Mohammed Nazir

Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: nazir@wosskowbrown.co.uk • If you have applied for a visa from outside of the UK and your application was refused on or after 6 April 2015 and no right of appeal has been given to you against the refusal. If the application was not as a visitor or a short term student, you can apply yourself or through your solicitors within 28 days of receiving the decision. Its applicable if you have apIf you are within the UK and you have been given this right plied for a visa under Tier 1, 2, 4 or 5 then you have 14 days in which to do When filing the administrative review this, the fee for this is £80.00. you should send the application refusal letter with this and also the visas for the If for some reason the applicant has refusal letter and also state why you been detained, he has 7 days and the think that a mistake was made in their cost is £80.00. decision. If this remedy is given to you, it will be There are also guidance notes to assist listed in the refusal letter. Similarly, if you in completing these forms. Both someone is outside the United Kingthe forms and the application are availdom this remedy has been offered, able at:then it will tell you that you can ask for a review, this is known as an adminishttps://www.gov.uk/government/pubtrative review and this is applicable if lications/application-for-administrativeyou are outside the UK. review-of-visa-decision The immigration rules have now changed in previous appeal process in some cases.. Instead of an appeal, the applicants have an administrative review. In case of refusal the applicant can file an administrative review and it is a available to applicant, however, it is not available in all cases.

UK Immigration Update: English approved English language tests by Language Tests Change From 6 April the Home Office. Instead the new test providers are: 2015 UK Visas and Immigration announced (UKVI) changes to the Secure English Language Tests (SELT) for individuals obtaining a visa to come to the UK. If you are coming to the UK as a student, a spouse or to work, you are required to have a minimum level of A1 or B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) in speaking and listening for a UKVI approved centre.

It should be noted that individuals that take one of the current approved English language tests before 5 April 2015, will be valid until November 2015. Any of these English tests taken after this date will be Home Office Approves IELTS & Trin- deemed invalid ity College English Tests Disclaimer: This is information only From 6 April 2015, City & Guilds and do not act on this information as IESOL, ESOL and ISESOL qualifica- legal advice and always seek advice tions and Pearson Test of English from your solicitor according to the Academic will not be amongst the circumstances of your case.

How to tell if you’re having a migraine! Migraines are painful headaches often localized in a certain area of the head. It is accompanied by a pronounced sensitivity to light and sound. It can last from 2 to 72 hours and can be treated. Although the underlying causes of migraines are unknown, it is believed to be due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors. Migraines are about two to three times more common in women than men. However, the risk of migraines usually decreases during pregnancy. Signs and symptoms The most common signs and symptoms of migraines are throbbing headache, nausea, vomiting and lethargy. Symp-

• Trinity College London, for individuals applying for a visa in the UK. • IELTS SELT Consortia, for a individuals making visa application in or outside the UK.

toms may vary from person to person. Some people may develop aura before or during migraine headaches. An aura is a perceptual disturbance experienced by migraine sufferers such as seeing flashing lights, spots. Numbness and dizziness and difficulty speaking can also happen. Aura commonly lasts for 20 to 60 minutes. Other symptoms that tell an oncoming migraine may include depression, irritability, lack of restful sleep, constipation, fatigue, stiff muscles (especially in the neck), sensitivity to smells or noise. Preventive treatments of migraines include medications, nutritional supplements, lifestyle changes, and surgery.

Almost 200 Muslim councillors elected in local elections 187 Muslim councillors were elected (out of 589 Muslim candidates) in the local elections on May 7. According to data, 144 (77 percent) Muslim Labour councillors, 31 Conservatives, 9 Liberal Democrats, 1 Respect, 1 TUSC and 1 UKIP were elected in 116 English Councils. 163 of the 279 councils up for election did not have a Muslim candidate. Twenty three of 86 Muslim female candidates who contested wards were elected. However, the overwhelming majority (88 percent) of successful Muslim candidates elected were male. (This list excludes parish and town election results.)

Private one to one tutoring available for English, Maths and Science, KS2, KS3 or KS4 Also available for the following subjects: Psychology, Sociology and Health and Social Care – A level Competitive Rates Contact Details:

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Eid Festival in the Park 2015 community press release We are proud to present Eid festival in the park Sheffield 2015. This year’s festival has experienced a number of changes. Firstly the event will now be held at Don Valley Glass Bowl, which is one of Sheffield's most Premier outdoor arenas. Situated next to Sheffield Arena the English Institute of sport and Ice Sheffield Don Valley Glass Bowl is part of Sheffield’s international venues and is also the venue for South Yorkshires largest annual bonfire night's event After Dark. This venue has also been used for live outdoor concerts including acts such as UB40. The reason for the change of venue has been due to the large numbers of visitors that the festival attracts over the past two years and the Millhouses Park does not have the capacity in terms of traffic infrastructure to manage such large events. This move in venue has enabled us to increase on the number of attractions and activities at the event. Nasheed artists Ahmad Hussain, Khaleel Muhammad will be performing along with many more! This has increased the overall cost of organising the event which is the reason why we now have to charge £2.50 for those attendees over the age of 12, in order to help raise funds to cover the costs of running the event. Eid Festival in the Park welcomes families and communities from all backgrounds to have the opportunity to come together and celebrate Eid. The event will include fair rides, bouncy castles and a host of other activities. Visitors will also get the opportunity to experience the ‘Eid Bazaar Market’, which will include a whole range of Islamic culture such as food, art, dress and literature. One of our aims this year is to reach out to the wider communities across the city and to use this Eid celebration to bring communities together and this year’s event is expected to attract an even larger number of people then 2013 and 2014. STALL BOOKINGS ARE NOW OPEN BOOK YOUR STALL AT WWW.SHEFFIELDHERITAGE.ORG/eid-festival For enquires please email eidfestival@sheffieldheritage.org

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Pakistanis Urged To Acquire MachineReadable Passports Eight million Pakistanis living abroad have been ment according to the standards and recomurged to immediately acquire machine-readable mended practices of the International Civil Aviapassports as hand-written passports were being tion Organisation. phased out. The government has rushed equipment and staff to Pakistani missions across the world to enable citizens to change their passports. After Nov 24, 2015, foreign governments will stop accepting hand-written passports. Computerised passports had security features, which can positively identify a person from the biometric data. This is now a universal require-

Apple Adopts Nastaleeq Font For Urdu In Mobile Devices Nearly eight months after Apple introduced an Urdu keyboard for its mobile devices, it has gone ahead to incorporate the Nastaleeq font, widely used in the sub-continent. As part of its iOS9 software upgrade for mobile devices, the beta version of which was unveiled by Apple CEO Tim Cook on Monday, Nastaleeq has been adopted for its Urdu keyboard. The full version of the operating system is scheduled to be released in September for the public at large. Apple introduced the Urdu keyboard in October 2014 as part of an iOS8 update with the Naksh script. Nastaleeq is now part of the recent iOS9

beta update. The iPhone is already the single best-selling gadget of all time with the company selling an average of 34,000 iPhones every hour.

The Rise Of Islamic Banking In the last years, sharia-compliant products have rocketed in popularity, not just among Muslims. In 2013, Prime Minister David Cameron announced that the United Kingdom was about to issue a £200 million ($327 million) Islamic bond, or sukuk, making it the first non-Muslim country to tap into Islamic financing. Islamic banking products offer a Sharia’a-compliant way of saving and investment for roughly 2.9 million Muslims currently living in the UK. These products, however, aren’t restricted only to Muslims and offer an alternative to people of all faiths. According to Sharia law, Muslims are not allowed to make a profit through the exchange of cash, or from lending money or receiving money, from another person. As a consequence, earning interest is not permitted either, whether you are an individual or a bank. To comply with these rules, interest is not paid on Islamic savings or current accounts, or charged on Islamic mortgages. Specialist providers have been offering Sharia-compliant financial products in the UK for around 30 years. But in the last few years Sharia compliant accounts and Islamic finance products have rocketed in popularity, and not just among Muslims. An estimate 83% of fixed-term deposit savings customers and 47% of ISA customers who joined Al Rayan Bank (formerly known as the Islamic Bank of Britain) last year, were nonMuslim. Sharia banking witnessed a huge surge of customers, muslim and non muslim, during the credit crunch. There were two reasons for the crunch. The first is liquidity, with banks lending to each other on the money markets - but Islamic banks do not borrow or lend on money markets because in-

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terest is not allowed. The second reason why Islamic banks are insulated is to do with assets - everything has to involve an underlying asset or service and if you are going to trade in an asset you have to own it first. The explosion in complex derivative products over the last few years has left Western banks reeling from exposure to toxic assets often farremoved from their everyday activities. In contrast the more risk-averse Islamic finance system did not embrace this kind of deal”, they said. In the UK, Lloyds, the United National Bank and Al Rayan Bank offers Sharia compliant accounts. The principal means of Islamic finance are based on trading, and it is essential that risk be involved in any trading activity, so banks and financial institutions will trade in sharia-compliant investments with the money deposited by customers, sharing the risks and the profits between them. Islamic banks are structured so that they retain a clearly differentiated status between shareholders’ capital and clients’ deposits in order to make sure profits are shared correctly. Although they cannot charge interest, the banks can profit from helping customers to purchase a property or item. This profit is deemed to be a reward for the risk that is assumed by the bank. There are firm laws governing the types of businesses with which the banks can trade. There should be absolutely no investment in unsuitable businesses, including those involved with armaments, pork, tobacco, drugs, alcohol or pornography. Some might find this similar to ethical banking. Savers may also be drawn by Islamic banking’s approach to investment: they can only invest in real assets, not financial instruments that are based on speculation.

Nehmat Shah

Imam Hasan(a.s.) was the eldest son of Imam Ali(a.s.) and Hadrat Fatimah(a.s.). When the Holy Prophet(peace be upon him and his family) received the happy news of the birth of his grandson, he came to the house of his beloved daughter and took the newly born child in his arms. The Holy Prophet(peace be upon him and his family) recited adhan and iqamah in his right and left ears respectively, and in compliance with Allah's command named him Hasan. The first phase of seven years of Imam Hassan(a.s.) infancy was blessed with the gracious patronage of the Holy Prophet(peace be upon him and his family), who gifted him all his great qualities and adorned him with Divine knowledge, tolerance, intelligence, bounty and valour. Imam Hassan(a.s.) immediately became conversant with all the contents of any wahy (Qur'anic verses) revealed when the Holy Prophet would disclose it to his associates. Imam Hassan(a.s.)devoted himself to prayers in such abundance, that all the limbs employed in prostration bore scars and impressions of his sajdah (prostration). Most of the nights were spent on the prayer carpet. He shed tears due to the fear of Allah. While performing ablution, he trembled with the fear of Allah and his face grew pale at the time of prayers. Imam Hasan(a.s.) utilized all worldly possessions for the betterment of the condition of the poor.

He was so courteous and humble that he never hesitated to sit along with the beggars in the lanes. After the martyrdom of Imam Ali(a.s.) on the 21st Ramadan marked the inception of Imam Hasan's(a.s.) Imamate. The majority of Muslims pledged their allegiance to him and finalized the formality of bay'ah (oath of allegiance). In the year 10 AH (631/32 CE) a Christian envoy from Najran (a city in Yemen) came to Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him and his family) to argue which of the two parties erred in its doctrine concerning Prophet Isa(a.s.) (Jesus). After likening Jesus' miraculous birth to Adam's creation, who was born to neither a mother nor a father and when the Christians did not accept the Islamic doctrine about Prophet Isa(a.s.), Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him and his family) was instructed to call them to Mubahala where each party should ask God to destroy the false party and their families. The Quran narrates the Mubahala incident in this manner that ''If anyone dispute with you in this matter, concerning Prophet Isa(a.s.) after the knowledge which has come to you, say: Come let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, then let us swear an oath and place the curse of God on those who lie''. Sunnite historians, except Tabari who do not name the participants, mention Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him and his family), Imam Ali(a.s.),Fatimah(a.s.), Hasan(a.s.) and Husayn(a.s.). Accordingly, in the verse of Mubahala the words "Our sons" is representative of Hasan(a.s.) and Husayn(a.s.).

Ramadan: A Social Equalizer The world is full of miseries and pains. One of the greatest pains is the feeling of hunger. There are millions on the global level who suffer starvation and who do not have access to required quantity of food to lead a normal and healthy life. According to World Food Programme (WFP), there are 795 million undernourished people in the world today. That means one in nine people do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life. Hunger and malnutrition are in fact the number one risk to health worldwide — greater than AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis combined. Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45%) of deaths in children under five, 3.1 million children each year. One out of six children–roughly 100 million–in developing countries are underweight. Constant hunger, undernourishment, and malnutrition leads to poor prospects in life. Nutrition has profound effects on health throughout the human life course and is inextricably linked with cognitive and social development, especially in early childhood. Insufficient material and social resources, children are not able to achieve their full growth and developmental potential. Consequences range broadly from raised rates of death from infectious diseases and decreased learning capacity in childhood to increased non-communicable diseases in adulthood. Underweight and malnourished children have an increased risk of death from diarrhoea, pneumonia, measles, and other infectious diseases. The blessed month of Ramadan has endless blessings in it. One of the blessings of this holy month is compassion towards the other fellow humans. Our emotions and feelings of sympathy are directly related to our actual experiences. We cannot feel the gnawing, agony and suffering of a sick person until we ourselves have undergone the same ailment. When we ourselves suffer a pain of sickness, we better understand and feel empathy of the other suffering ones. The rich or well fed cannot know what hunger

is because they usually do not have to face it. Thus, poor people suffer with their poverty and compulsions of life but the others who are better off cannot even understand the physical and psychological pangs of the poor. The great month of Ramadan bridges these gaps which divide haves and have nots and makes the rich experience the pains of hunger. In one way, Ramadan works as equalizer and makes the rich have empathy with the poor. A hadith narrated from Imam Sadiq (as) throws light on the role of the month of Ramadan in creating social equality: “Allah has enjoined fasting in order to settle equivalence between the rich and the poor, and this is for the sake that the rich feel the taste of hunger and, consequently, be merciful toward the poor (by giving them their rights). And, since the things are usually available for the rich, then Allah, the Exalted, is pleased when equivalence is erected between His servants. So, He, thereby, has ordained that the rich feel the taste of hunger and pain so that they feel sympathy for the weak and be merciful toward the hungry.” Amongst many others, Ramadan is a month of charity. It is the month of sharing our blessings with other human beings. In this month we supplicate to Allah (swt) to bestow His mercy upon us, so let’s not forget to show mercy to those servants of Allah (swt) who do not have sufficient resources to meet essential needs of their life. When we want to evoke the divine blessings and mercy in our lives, then we should also spend on the poor and needy ones. The holy Prophet (saw) asks believers to give alms to the poor and indigent in this blessed month: “Let your hunger and thirst during it remind you of the hunger and the thirst of the Day of Judgement. Give alms to the poor and indigent among you, respect your elderly and be kind to your youngsters, and strengthen blood-kinship of yours.”

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1) Hearse & Private Ambulance 2) All preparations done under Islamic rules 3) Caskets & Shrouds Kaffan provided 4) Assist with documentation for overseas 5) Pick up deceased from hospital & transport to destinations for your choice 6) Namazi-e-Janaaza 3 days Dua facility 7) Funeral catering if required for guest 8) Complete package £500.00 22 WINCOBANK LANE, SHEFFIELD S4 8AA CONTACT MR.HAJI TAJ KHAN 07890187522 MR. WAKEEL SHAH 07868979584

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From 5 years and upwards For Girls andold Boys From 5 years old and upwards Limited available From 5spaces years old and upwards Limited spaces available Subjects: Islamic Subjects: Quran,available Islamic Limited Quran, spaces Studies. Studies. Subjects: Quran, Islamic Experienced and and qualified qualified Experienced Studies.male and teachers female. teachers male and female. Experienced andcan qualified Applicants forms be Applicants forms can be teachersfrom maleMIA and for female. collected more collected from MIA for more information please contact : information please contact Applicants forms can be : HEAD TEACHER HEAD TEACHER collected from MIA for more Mr Wakeel Shah:

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Madni Islamic Islamic Academy Academy is is honoured honoured to to have have Mr Mr Wakeel Wakeel Shah Shah whom whom is is aa highly highly experienced experienced Islamic Islamic Madni teacher he he says says :: teacher Madni Islamic Academy is honoured to have Mr Wakeel Shah whom is a highly experienced Islamic My goal really is to take Madni Islamic Academy on the journey from being a good school to an My goal really is: to take Madni Islamic Academy on the journey from being a good school to an teacher he says outstanding school and within that journey the school becoming a school of choice for all the local outstanding school and within that journey the school becoming a school of choice for all the local residents., We are keen to build on the links we have developed with the local community and I’ m residents., Wevisit are tolocal build on theAcademy links weon have with the local and I’m My goal really is toakeen take Madni Islamic thedeveloped journey from being a good school an beginning to lot of schools and speak with local heads because wecommunity want to to work closely beginning to school visit Including a and lot of local schools and speak with local heads because weas want to work closely with all children. thethat ones that may have been ignored or branded under achievers outstanding within journey the school becoming a school of choice for all the local with all children. Including the ones that may have been ignored or branded as under achievers within other schools. , all my effort be conducted, made to residents., We are keenI believe to build every on thechild linksMATTERS we have developed with will the local community and I’ m within other schools. I believe every child MATTERS , all my effort will be conducted, made to measure to cater for individual child's needs. beginning to visit a lot of local schools and speak with local heads because we want to work closely measure to cater for individual child's needs. with all children. Including the ones that may have been ignored or branded as under achievers

Madni Islamic Academy is privileged and takes great pride that we have such a talented head teacher within other schools. I believe every child MATTERS , all my effort will beeducational conducted, made to with concerns that reach and above the normal level of that other local establishments Madni Islamic Academy isup privileged and takes great pride we have such a talented head teacher measure to cater for individual child's needs. please use thisthat opportunity increase your children's knowledge. Ê with concerns reach up to and above the normal levelIslamic of other local educational establishments

please use this opportunity to increase your children's Islamic knowledge. Ê Madni Islamic Academy is privileged and takes great pride that we have such a talented head teacher with concerns that reach up and above the normal level of other local educational establishments please use this opportunity to increase your children's Islamic knowledge. Ê

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Women Over 50 Turning Their Backs On Smear Tests Your Burngreave Ward Councillors

Women over 50 are often failing to attend their smear tests on time, increasing the risk of cervical cancer not being spotted until too late. Part of the reason is a thought to be a lack of understanding about the human papilloma virus (HPV) which causes the disease. It is passed on through sexual activity but can lie dormant for up to 20 years. In 2012, 71% of all cervical cancer deaths in England were in women aged 50 or over. But since 2003, the number of 50 to 55-year-old women going for their tests on time has dropped by 7%. Screening is offered to all

women aged from 25 to 64 on the NHS. Research by Jo’s Cervical Cancer Trust has shown nearly two thirds of women aged 50 to 64 are unaware of the link between HPV and the illness. Whilst it is the most common cancer in women under 35, it still affects women of all ages and it is particularly concerning that if women delay their screening over the age of 50, they increase their chances of not only a diagnosis after they have left the programme, but a later stage diagnosis with a poorer outlook.“

Half A Handful Of Nuts A Day ‘Prevents Cancer, Diabetes And Heart Disease’ Cllr Jackie Drayton 0114 2435388

Cllr Ibrar Hussain 0786 657 1750

Lord Mayor of Sheffield Cllr Talib Hussain 0114 2735588

COUNCILLOR’S SURGERIES

Burngreave surgeries are shared between Councillors Jackie Drayton, Ibrar Hussain and Talib Hussain and are held at:• Burngreave Library, Spital Hill 2nd Saturday of the month from 11.00 a.m. -12.00 noon • Pakistan Advice Centre, 127 Page Hall Road 3rd Thursday of the month 2.00-3.00 p.m. There are no surgeries during August. A surgery is also held on 1st and 3rd Thursdays of the month (except August) from 10.00 to 11.00 a.m. at Firth Park Advice Centre, 9 Stubbin Lane. (These surgeries are shared on a rota basis with Cllrs, Peter Price, Peter Rippon, Sioned-Mair Richards and Jackie Drayton. Councillors Alan Law and Chris Weldon also share the surgery on the 1st Thursday).

Snacking on half a handful of nuts every day could reduce the chances of dying from diabetes, cancer and heart disease. Researchers in the Netherlands discovered the health benefits for people who ate around 10 grams of nuts or peanuts per day. But it was bad news for lovers of peanut butter as scientists said salt and trans fatty acids contained in the spread could inhibit the protective effects of peanuts. But a higher intake was not associated with further reduction in mortality risk. Researchers said peanuts and tree nuts both contain various vitamins, fibre, antioxidants and compounds that could possibly contribute to the lower death rates. The reduction in mortality was strongest for respiratory disease, neurodegenerative disease, and diabetes, followed by cancer and cardiovascular diseases in both men and women. Regular nut-eaters

tended to be younger, more highly educated, to drink more alcohol, eat more fruit and vegetables, more likely to take supplements and to be less hypertensive. Women who ate nuts were also often leaner, had never smoked and were less likely to report diabetes.

Police Record 85 Child Sex Crimes Every Day After Spike In Reports Reports of sexual offences against children have risen by more than a third - with police recording at least 85 sexual assaults every day. The figures, for England and Wales, show a total of 31,238 allegations of sexual offences against children in 2013/14. The data, obtained through Freedom of Information requests by the NSPCC, showed the majority of the victims were aged between 12 and 16. These figures are disturbing and clearly illustrate child sexual abuse is a continuing and widespread problem that needs urgent action. But we know this is still only a fraction of the true number of victims. More than three quarters of the reported abuse cases were against girls (24,457). Britain’s largest force, the Metropolitan Police, recorded

the highest number of sex crimes against children, with 3,523. In 2012-13, the same research showed that a total of 22,654 were recorded by 41 police forces. All 43 forces in England and Wales responded in the latest study. The NSPCC said that until now the total had largely remained steady and the 38% rise was the biggest increase in six years of requesting the figures. Since 2008/09, the number has increased by almost 50%. The statistics are the latest in a slew of recent findings indicating a spike in the number of abuse cases being reported and follow a trend that started in the wake of the Jimmy Savile scandal in 2012. Analysts have suggested that publicity surrounding high profile cases has increased awareness and in turn given more victims the courage to come forward.

Alison Law Solicitors wishes everyone Eid Mubarak and to celebrate this auspicious occasion we are giving away a number of prizes. To enter all you have to do is log onto www.facebook.com/alisonlawsolicitors like the page and share it to your status and we will do a draw announcing the winners just before Eid. The prizes include a £100 shopping voucher, an Android Tablet and a £30 meal voucher at a restaurant of your choice. Alison Law Solicitors continues to build with the employment of more staff and developing new partnerships in regards to Personal Injury and Medical Negligence. We continue to help individuals who have issues with taxi licensing, debt management problems, business leases amongst a number of other areas. If you would like to undertake a free 30 minute consultation on issues that are affecting you then contact us on 0114 2586966 and let us see where we can be of service.

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PROPERTY CORNER

Land & Development - The Future Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son The land market has gone through a difficult time in the recession of the last few years in particular in the North. There has been little The interesting scenario is that large developers are becoming development leaving empty sites. It is clear to see that it cannot very particular about the sites they would consider for developcontinue as we move forward. ment, whilst the medium to small ones are beginning to return but in a much more measured way. So it looks as though it will be I will look at the past, present and the future of land and develop- some time before confidence returns to this market which is difment. ficult at the best of times.

The Past Since the recession of 2007 land sales have been static with very few transactions taking place. There are numerous sites which have planning permission that have not been actioned. Prior to this the market for land was extremely buoyant with values for residential land in some parts of Sheffield reaching over £2m an acre,the lowest values were also quite healthy.

Having said that there is new breed of entrepreneur who are seeing the opportunities for developing small residential projects. What they do is buy a small piece of land and develop a handful of houses. Clearly they work on lower profit margins making it easier for them financially, some of whom do not rely on bank funding but form partnerships with other like minded people thereby creating working capital.

In fact demand was so strong that you would have multiple offers ending with best and final submissions. It was also the case for mixed use developments that were built in many cities. As prices for land increased we saw developments rising upwards, hence the rise of City Centre living. Old commercial properties and redundant office blocks were converted to residential. The Future

Clearly this in not the case in all the country there are some areas which have seen reductions in house prices. The reasons are many but it may be down to job migration, people moving to where the work is in the south.

Conclusion

As the downturn in the market began and financial institutions There is no doubt It is without contradiction that we will see a rise in dewere reluctant to lend the market place became a desolate place, whatsoever that land mand for land, whether that is for housing services or with sites either lying undeveloped or projects shelved. will follow the natural cycle of economics and there will be a rise in value, why, because facilities. The matter was further exacerbated by landowners being unable land is finite. I can see a major challenge on land use in the future to sell land which they had bought at the peak of the market, af- as our population increases and our need for new homes and serv- I also feel that in terms of housing we will see new developments aimed at the rental market, signs of which are already materialistermaths of which are still with us. ices follows suit. ing in the country. It has been well publicised in the media in the last few months that The Present Development Landscape we are seeing a shortage of homes which will become even more The need for schools, hospitals and other services will also put a The market place is still very challenging to use the well worn say- challenging. In the South of the country house prices over the last strain on land use. It has happened before and will happen again. ing "we are seeing the green shoots of recovery" is probably the few years have risen by over 30% the major rises being in the capiright phrase .The reality is that more people are talking about de- tal. The average house price in London is becoming beyond the One of the greatest challenges or tests for a developer is the planvelopment since the beginning of the year, large house builders means of most people. It is also the case in some Northern towns ning process, which has to be proactive in allowing development are taking early steps to secure land. The smaller to medium sized or Cities for instance it is reported that Sheffield Hallam has seen to flourish. developers through the difficult times more or less became inac- significant rises in house prices in the last few years. Land is the key to future economic growth. tive not out of choice but mainly through lack of finance.

Royal Rolls Goes Under The Hammer

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A Rolls-Royce with a royal connection has sold for over £160,000 at auction, smashing its original estimate. The 1923 Silver Ghost, which features painted 'wood-effect' brake coachwork, was the subject of intense interest from classic car enthusiasts. Auctioneers had initially placed an upper estimate of £120,000 on the iconic motor. But a packed room at Burghley House drove the price up to £161,280 - much to the delight of the lady vendor who had driven it to the event. In the 92 years since it rolled of the production line, the Silver Ghost has changed hands several times. Its most famous owner was Edward VIII. The then Prince of Wales used it to get about before he became king.

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Gyarvi Shareef The Roshni Mela is also held in honour of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani who is popularly known as Gaus Pak in the Indian subcontinent, and was the patron saint of the Qadiri Sufi order which was founded in Baghdad after his death in 1166 AD. Gaus Pak never came to South Asia but became popular in the country through emigrant Qadiri sufis. "The popular iconography of Gaus Pak narrates the story of a woman Rudi who on one occasion forgot to pay her donations towards Gyarvi Sharif. In the same week, it was her son’s wedding and people invited on the wedding ceremony had to ferry across a river. As soon as the ferry took off it started to sink. After watching this happening, the mother had so much depression that for eleven/twelve years she kept wandering in a jungle. One day she met a faithful who queried her about the problem. After hearing the problem, he said asked Rudi to raise her hands and supplicate to Allah. After supplication to Allah the ferry that had sunk around twelve years ago started rising. Everyone except one emerged safe. The friend of Allah asked the woman, “Did you remember to donate generously towards the Gyarvi Sharif?” The woman replied “no”. He told her that she should keep donating generously to Gyarvi Sharif. Narrating this tale people strongly recommend celebrations at Gyarvi Shareef on the eleventh day of every month. The story continues to be popular in east Punjab."

Madina Masjid, Wolseley Road held a special niyaaz and iftar programme in honour of Gyarvi Shareef. Sheffield largest mosque holds this annual khatum and niyaaz to mark the occasion of gyarvi Shareef. Molana Naseer Sahib gave a speech to the audience about our Holy Prophet (pbuh), the Ahle-bait, and about how honouring holy saints such as Abdul Qadir Jilani holds high respect worldwide. Throughout the world those who admire the spirituality of Ghaus Pak, celebrate the occasion of Gyarvi Shareef with much respect and recitation. The occasion began with Tilawat of the Holy Quran, zikar of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), the ahle bait and asahaab, and duas were made for our nation and ummah and to help those in need. These mehfils promote spirituality and closeness to Allah. Rabi al-Thani also known as Rabi-ul-Akhir is the fourth month of the Islamic calendar, may Almighty Allah bless all Muslims with its outward and concealed blessings and excellence. This very month, on the 11th, is the death anniversary of the King of Baghdad, Chief of the contented souls, the incomparable, Huzoor Ghaus-ul-Azam, Shaikh Sayyiduna Mohiuddin, Abdul Qadir Jilani, Hassani Hussaini, Baghdadi (May Allah be pleased with him). Muslims throughout the world in this month zealously make arrangements to offer Niyaaz, and Fateha of the Saint of Baghdad.

In addition, much charity is given in the names of the pious saints of Islam as a means of conveying reward to these blessed souls from which not only the poor and beggars benefit a great deal, but the souls of the believers also obtain peace, contentment and enlightenment. By Esaale Sawaab is meant "conveying the reward of" – In this respect there is a Hadith of Hazrat Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him): "Oh Messenger of Allah, when we give charity on behalf of our deceased and perform Haj on their behalf, do they receive the reward of these actions?" The beloved Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) replied: "Without doubt they do receive their rewards. Not only that, but they become very happy, just as any one of you would become happy on receiving gifts". In a second Hadith, the Messenger of Allah says: "Anyone who recites Surah Ikhlas 11 times and then conveys its rewards to the departed souls, Allah will shower rewards on such a person equal to the number of these souls..." These Ahadith serve as ample proof that the deceased souls do benefit from the good deeds and charities of the living. This is an opportune moment to relate to the reader the saying of Shaikh Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir Jilani (May Allah be pleased with him). Ghaus-ul-Azam said that "whoever in his distress cries to me for help, he will be relieved of his distress; whosoever in his difficulty call by my name, his difficulty will be solved; whosoever in his time of need makes me as his intermediary to Almighty Allah, his needs will be fulfilled. Any person who performs 2 Rakats Namaaz in which after Surah Fateha, recites Surah Ikhlas 11 times and then making salaam sends Durood on the beloved Prophet (Peace be Upon Him), the garden of mercy, after which he thinks of me and takes 11 steps towards the direction of Baghdad calling my name, then presents his need, with Almighty Allah’s permission his need will be fulfilled. This prayer (namaaz) is known as Salatul Asraar of Salatul Ghausiyyah: which is a proven means of obtaining fulfilment of one’s needs and prayers. Salatul Asraar is explained by Imam Abul Hassan Nuruddin Alli Ibn Jaleel (RA) in Bahjatul Asraar, and Hazrat Mullah

Electronic Tags For Hajj Pilgrims Saudi Arabia may put in place an electronic bracelet system for all pilgrims visiting the country to perform their Hajj duties. Al Arabiya has reported that Saudi Arabia will be asking all pilgrims who visit the country for their Hajj, to wear electronic bracelets containing personal information. An unnamed government official reported that the Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Interior Ministry have completed an initial plan in order to introduce the practice. “The project is now with the Ministry of Finance for a budgeting proposal. Once the Ministry of Finance and the higher au-

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thorities approve the project, the Ministry of Hajj will immediately implement it,” said the government official. The electronic bracelet system, if comes to practice, will store important information, including address of residence in Saudi Arabia, full medical records, as well as a GPS system which might raise concern of breaching privacy among pilgrims. “The e-bracelet will be a technological revolution that will expedite many processes such as collecting statistics of pilgrims,” said the Saudi government official.

Alli Qari and Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dhelvi Qadiri (May Allah be pleased with all of them) have reported from Hazrat Ghaus-ulAzam (May Allah be pleased with him) the following method: After completing the Fardh and Sunnat of Maghrib prayers, offer 2 Rakats and in each Rakat after Surah Fateha recite 11 times Surah Ikhlas, then recite this dua 11 times: Then taking 11 steps in the direction of Iraq (Baghdad) read the following on each step: Thereafter, making the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) as the intermediary present one’s needs and desires to Almighty Allah. This is a brief presentation in respect of the blessed month of Rabiul-Akhir.

Poorest Families Paying Higher Tax Share Than Rich The UK’s poorest households pay a higher share of their income in tax than the richest, figures show. The poorest fifth of households pay 37.8% of their gross income in direct and indirect taxes, while the richest fifth pay 34.8%. Cash benefits make up over half the income of the poorest households, compared with 3.5% for the richest. The findings were published as part of the Office for National Statistics’ annual survey of the effect of taxes and benefits on household income for the year 2013/14. It comes a week before Chancellor George Osborne delivers his

Budget to the country. The ONS found that the richest fifth of the population pay three percentage points less of their income in tax than the poorest fifth. The gap has grown since last year when the difference was 2.3 points. After all taxes and benefits are taken into account the ratio between the top and bottom fifth of households is reduced to four-toone. Meanwhile, the average disposable income for UK households stood at £24,500 in 2013/14 an increase of £810 (3.4%) on the previous year, but below the peak of £25,001 in 2007/08.

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Record 60 Million Forced To Flee War Violence The number of people forced to flee war, violence and persecution has soared to a record 60 million, half of them children, the United Nations said, warning that the situation has become a situation of extreme urgency. The huge tide of displaced people has grown by 8.3 million since 2013 — the highest-ever increase in a single year, the UN refugee agency said in a report titled “World at War." The situation is "getting out of control simply because the world seems to be at war,” UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres told. With huge shortages of funding and wide gaps in the global regime for protecting victims of war,

people in need of compassion, aid and refuge are being abandoned. The number of displaced stood at 59.5 million worldwide at the end of 2014, “as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations,” the report said. More than half of the world’s refugees are children, up from 41 percent in 2009, while the total number of people who have fled their homes has spiked by 40 percent in just three years. If the world’s displaced people were lumped together as a nation, it would be the 24th largest, with a population similar to Italy’s.

Mount Everest ‘Moved 3 cm South West’ After Nepal Earthquake Mount Everest has shifted three centimetres to the southwest because of the devastating Nepal earthquake, according to Chinese research. The 7.8 magnitude quake in April reversed the gradual northeasterly course of the world’s tallest mountain, the National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation found. Before the earthquake, Mt Everest had moved 40 centimetres to the northeast over the last decade, at a rate of four centimetres a year, according to the research. The mountain, which straddles the border between Nepal and China, also rose three centimetres in that time. It’s likely that the earthquake occurred on the Himalayan Thrust fault, a plate boundary that separates the northern moving Indian sub-continent from Eurasia. Scientists also said the densely populated Kathmandu Valley, around 80 km southeast of the epicentre, moved south by nearly two metres as a result of the earthquake. The earthquake caused an avalanche on the mountain, killing 18 people and leaving its climbing base camp in ruins. Authorities in both China and Nepal have cancelled all climbs for this year. More than 8,700 people were killed in Nepal and half a million homes were destroyed. There may be earthquakes for months in the region, which likely relate to the main event.

Children With Good Memories Are Much Better Liars If your six-year-old is a seasoned little fibber, don’t fret - it probably means he or she is unusually bright, according to a new study. Scientists have found the first clear evidence that children who are good liars have better verbal working memories. What this means is they are especially adept at keeping track of verbal information, a

skill associated with being quick and clever. While parents are usually not too proud when their kids lie, they can at least be pleased to discover that when their children are lying well, it means their children are becoming better at thinking and have good memory skills.

Sweet! Two Chocolate Bars A Day Can Slash The Risk Of Heart Attack And Stroke Eating up to 100g (4oz) of chocolate a day has that chocolate has the potential to increase been linked to a lowered risk of heart disease weight, which is unequivocally bad for cardioand stroke. Those with a higher chocolate in- vascular health. take had a 23% reduced risk of stroke compared to those who had none - even after taking account of other factors. Eating more chocolate - 100g is around two bars of Dairy Milk a day - also gave an 11% lower risk of cardiovascular disease and a 25% reduced risk of associated death. Studies suggest that there might be some health benefits from eating chocolate. However, it is also clear

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Qatar Airways Named Skytrax’s World’s Best Airline Of 2015 Qatar Airways was voted the world’s best airline at the annual Skytrax World Airline Awards. The Skytrax Awards were established in 1999 and are compiled from the world’s largest airline passenger satisfaction survey, and operate independent of airline involvement, sponsorship or third-party influence. The awards, decided by 18.9 million passengers in 110 countries across the globe, judge airlines on everything from the quality of their food and the comfort of their seats to the friendliness of their cabin crew. Qatar Airways, the state-owned flag carrier of Qatar, has been named the number one airline twice before, in 2011 and 2012, and twice been voted runner-up. This year, the airline also took home prizes for best airline in the Middle East and best business class seat. The top 10 airlines in alphabetical order were: Japan’s All Nippon Airlines (ANA), Cathay Pacific,

Emirates, Etihad, Taiwan’s EVA Air, Garuda Indonesia, Qantas, Qatar Airways, Singapore Airlines and Turkish Airlines. Turkish Airlines was the only European Airline in the top 10. Further, AirAsia was voted best low-cost airline for the seventh year in a row. The accolade for the airline came six months after one of its planes crashed into the Java Sea killing all on board. Garuda Indonesia’s cabin crew were awarded as the best in the world, while last year’s number one airline, Cathay Pacific, won the award for the best transpacific airline. Germany’s Lufthansa won the award for the best transatlantic airline. Taiwanese carrier EVA Air was recognised as having the cleanest aircraft cabins, while Asiana, Air New Zealand and Austrian Airlines took the prizes for in-flight meals. Further, Oneworld was rated the best airline alliance, and Emirates won for its entertainment system.

The £16 Blood Test That Lets You Know Every Virus You Have Ever Had A new blood test costing just £16 can give you a list of every virus that has ever made you sick. The immune system effectively keeps a record of each virus that infects you thanks to antibodies which continue to circulate in case the virus is encountered again. Existing tests for HIV already look for these antibodies, but the new test is able to check for antibodies matching almost every virus known to infect humans. It works by exposing a blood sample to a viral protein. If the antibodies target it then the virus has infected the per-

son in the past. The test, called VirScan, has been fully tested and the team found an average of 10 virus antibodies in each of the 569 people screened so far. The researchers behind VirScan also say that it could be used to spot links between viral infections and diseases like chronic fatigue syndrome which are not well understood. The technology could also have a use in screening farm animals and wild animal populations.

33,000 Killed In Almost 13,500 Terrorist Attacks Around The World Extremists in Iraq, Afghanistan and Nigeria unleashed a savage rise in violence between 2013 and 2014, according to new statistics released by the US State Department. Attacks largely at the hands of the Islamic State (IS) and Boko Haram raised the number of terror acts by more than a third (35%), nearly doubled the number of deaths and nearly tripled the number of kidnappings. The figures contained in the department's annual global terrorism report say that nearly 33,000 people were killed in almost 13,500 terrorist attacks around the world in 2014. That was up from just over 18,000 deaths in nearly 10,000 attacks in 2013, it said. It attributed the rise in attacks to increased terror activity in Iraq, Afghanistan and Nigeria and the sharp spike in deaths to a growth in exceptionally lethal attacks in those countries and elsewhere. There were 20 attacks that killed more than 100 people each in 2014, compared to just two in 2013, according to the figures. Among the 20 mass casualty attacks in 2014 were the December attack by the Pakistani Taliban on a school in Peshawar, Pakistan that killed at least 150 people and the June attack by IS militants on a prison in Mosul, Iraq, in which 670 Shiite prisoners died. At the end of 2014, the prison attack was the deadliest terrorist operation in the world since September 11, 2001, according

to the report. Terror attacks took place in 95 countries in 2014, but were concentrated in the Middle East, South Asia and west Africa. Iraq, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India and Nigeria accounted for more than 60% of the attacks and, if Syria is included, roughly 80% of the fatalities, the report found. The rise in kidnappings is mainly attributable to sharp increases in mass abductions by terrorist groups in Syria, notably the Islamic State and the al Qaida-linked al-Nusra Front. In Nigeria, Boko Haram was responsible for most, if not all, of the nearly 1,300 abductions in 2014, including several hundred girls from a school in Chibok. By contrast, fewer than 100 terror-related kidnappings were reported in Nigeria in 2013, according to the report. The report noted the "unprecedented seizure" of territory in Iraq and Syria by IS in 2014 along with its continued demonstrated ability to recruit foreign fighters to join its cause and the emergence of self-proclaimed affiliates notably in Libya, Egypt and Nigeria. It also pointed out a rise in the number of socalled "lone wolf" attacks in the West and the use of more extreme methods of violence by terrorists to repress and frighten communities under their control.

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think The increase of broadband rollout and the growth of WiFi in public spaces is providing society with the huge benefit of access to the Internet quickly and easily. But not all WiFi is as secure as we might think it is. Europol’s Cybercrime Division warns that attacks are rising on public WiFi and are a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data. to steal information, identity or passwords and money from the users who use public or insecure wi-fi connections. The important thing is to distinguish if the public WiFi you are using is secure and not public. When you connect to it, if it requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, Olympic Games, where you can lower he chances he won a silver medal, of experiencing theft of Bolton's Amir "King" Khan your data. (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost his title by way of a controversial decision to Lamont Peterson in 2011. Winner of two straight over Carlos Molina and Julio Diaz since, the flashy, flamboyant 27-year-old boxer-puncher is now campaigning at welterweight, where he seeks championship gold once again. word, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

AMIR KHAN TO FACE LUIS COLLAZO

An explosive matchup of our very own world-class fighter, Amir Khan is happening in May. The British superstar and former Unified Super Lightweight World Champion Amir “King” Khan will face current WBA International Welterweight champion Luis Collazo in the 12 round event. "I'm looking forward to fighting in Las Vegas once again, and my intention on May 3 is to make a statement that I belong on this big stage," said Khan. "Luis Collazo might be coming off of a big win, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this challenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one of the best welterweights in the sport." A British standout who represented his nation in the 2004

An explosive m very own wor Amir Khan is ha The British supe Unified Super Li Champion Amir face current W Welterweight Collazo in the 12 "I'm looking for in Las Vegas onc intention on Ma statement that big stage," said K "Luis Collazo mig of a big win, but shape and am re lenge. A win on need to prove th of the best welt sport." A British stand sented his nati

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