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Petition For Ban On Non-Stun Slaughter Reaches 100,000 Signatures 2.4 million sheep and goats are slaughtered annually for halal or kosher meat in the UK. This is a rise of 60% to meet demands to supply restaurants, supermarkets and grocers all over the country. According to analysis by the British Veterinary Association, some 37% of sheep and goats, 25% of cattle and 16% of poultry were killed in this way in halal premises. Campaigners are now calling for debate in parliament as they say it would be kinder to animals if they are stunned first. They say there is increased pressure from Muslim Campaigners to slaughter animals the halal way, which some believe compromises animal welfare. The British Veterinary Association now claims to have over 100,000 signatures calling for a ban on non stun slaughter. But the Halal Food Authority, said the increase in non-stun slaughter was due to ‘stronger campaigning’ by Muslims who wrongly believed that stunning killed the animals. He

said Muslims needed to be sure animals could recover from being stunned, but said: ‘It is illegal to do a trial in the UK without a licence and it takes forever to get a licence. ‘If we are given the backing to do the trial then we can prove to people that whatever information they have that stunning kills animals is not true.’ A Food Standards Agency survey in 2011, which covered a greater number of slaughterhouses, found 19% of sheep and goats, 16% of cattle and 12% of poultry were killed without being stunned in halal abattoirs. The agency said the latest survey results, from 2013, were not directly comparable. A spokesman for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs said: ‘The Government has no intention of banning religious slaughter. ‘The Government would prefer animals to be stunned before slaughter, but we respect the rights of Jewish and Muslim communities to eat meat in accordance with their beliefs.’

SHEFFIELD UNIVERSITY OFFERS £2.2m OF POST GRADUATE SCHOLARSHIPS

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Running a Business

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GOVERNOR PUNJAB CHAUDHRY SARWAR RESIGNS

Governor Punjab Chaudhry Sarwar resigned from his post last week following a conversation with Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif over statements the governor had made regarding the government’s foreign policy. The premier decided to remove Sarwar owing to multiple reasons but particularly because of a recent statement by Sarwar on the government’s failure to secure Obama’s visit to Pakistan. Sarwar had censured the Foreign Office for US President Barack Obama visiting India and not Pakistan and termed it a “failure” on part of the country’s foreign policy. Sarwar was reportedly eyeing the foreign minister’s post. However, according to sources, the prime minister had refused to accept fice,” he added. his request. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif accepted Sarwar’s res- Further, Sarwar clarified he has no differences with the Sharif brothers. “I have no objection to ignation. Obama’s India visit but he should have treated Pa“I decided a while back that I want to resign because kistan equally and visited to express solidarity,” he I was not being able to deliver what I wanted to the said, clarifying his earlier statement regarding the masses,” Sarwar said while addressing the media. US president visiting India but not Pakistan. Elaborating on his decision, Sarwar said, “I also told Sarwar, a former British MP, gave up his British naRana Sanaullah that I want to resign from my post.” tionality to serve Pakistan on the invitation of Sharif Denying earlier reports that the prime minister brothers. Through his diplomatic efforts, Sarwar sought an explanation from him over his state- succeeded in getting GSP Plus status for the counments, Sarwar said, “No one asked me for an expla- try. Last year in October, it was reported Sarwar nation nor asked me for a resignation.” “I resigned had decided to play a more active role in Pakistani politics from the PML-N platform. “Sarwar will reof my own accord,” he asserted. “It was my dream to serve Pakistanis and am thank- sign as Punjab governor and assume responsibilities ful to Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif for giving me this in the centre in a few days,” a person privy to the opportunity.” “I can serve Pakistan better out of of- development had confided subject to anonymity.

University of Sheffield is offering £2.2 million worth of postgraduate scholarships in 2015 in one of the biggest postgraduate taught scholarship schemes in the country. The 2014 Postgraduate Support Scheme Following the Chancellor’s Autumn Statement in December, the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) announced it would allocate £50 million to provide scholarships for postgraduate students from under-represented groups. The funding reflects an understanding that inability to finance postgraduate education can affect access to courses and top professions for many talented individuals. The University of Sheffield is to offer 220 scholarships, each worth £10,000 – the fifth highest number in the country. The 2015 postgraduate scholarships will be aimed at under-represented student groups, including students from deprived areas, with a disability, care-leavers, stu-

dents from a black and minority ethnic background, women and men in subjects where they are significantly under-represented and those who are carers. Funding is for UK/EU students who have been subject to the higher fees regime; so typically graduating this year from a three year undergraduate programme.


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Sharrow Vale 20mph Zone Approved Nether Edge Labour Councillors are pleased to bring you news that the proposal for a 20mph zone in Sharrow Vale has been approved. Your Labour Councillors have supported this proposal from the start because road safety is an issue that is very important in Nether Edge. Councillor Nasima Akther said: “I’m really pleased with this decision that will benefit the children who attend Hunters Bar School, local residents and shoppers on Sharrow Vale Road. Nether Edge Councillors have regularly backed measures for increased road safety and we look forward to this being implemented in the near future.” A consultation process with local residents will take place before the scheme is implemented. The intention is to coordinate the delivery of the 20mph zone with the Streets Ahead maintenance programme, which is due to begin in April.

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UNEMPLOYMENT IN SHEFFIELD DOWN 26% More than a quarter of Sheffield job seekers have found work in the past year, new figures show. The latest monthly figures for December 2014 show there are now 10,266 people claiming Jobseekers’ Allowance in the city - down by 3,669 on the year before, a 26 per cent reduction. It is a 2.4 per cent drop on the 10,524 JSA claimants in Sheffield recorded in November.

SHEFFIELD GPS OFFER EXTRA URGENT APPOINTMENTS Doctors surgeries across Sheffield are to provide more slots for "urgent appointments". The move has been initiated by Sheffield Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) which is made up of the 87 GP practices in the city. It would be up to individual practices to determine their new arrangements. The scheme will run in the city until the end of March to cover the remaining winter period. Pharmacies across the city will also be providing medicines "out of normal hours" the CCG has said.

CHILDREN AS YOUNG AS 12 CAUGHT DRIVING IN SOUTH YORKSHIRE Children as young as 12 are among hundreds of teenagers caught by police for driving offences in South Yorkshire. South Yorkshire Police has revealed officers have charged 486 offences to under18s in the last five years. Figures revealed found police charged three 12-year-olds in 2011, while eight youngsters aged 13 were charged between 2009 and

November 2014. Over the same period, police also charged 26 youngsters aged 14, 57 aged 15, 128 aged 16 and 264 aged 17. The number of under 18s charged has dropped dramatically over the five years, from 160 in 2009 to just 34 in 2014.

SHEFFIELD HOSPITALS FACING SHOCK £40 MILLION CUTS Sheffield hospitals are facing shock cuts of more than £40m – with bosses admitting they will struggle to balance the books. Health chiefs admitted the cuts – over £10m more than had been expected – were ‘extremely worrying’. Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust – which runs the Royal Hallamshire, Northern General, Weston Park and Charles Clifford Dental Hospital – has revealed it is anticipating losing at least £41.6m of income in the next financial year due to changes in how services are funded. Last month, bosses said they expected to have to make efficiency savings of around £30m.

Thousands Make Pothole Damage Claim

British Unemployment Falls To Lowest Levels In Six Years

Almost 50,000 drivers made claims against councils across Britain for damage caused to their vehicles by potholes in the last financial year. The 200 (out of a total of 207) local highways authorities in England, Scotland and Wales who responded to Freedom of Information requests from the RAC Foundation dealt with 48,664 compensation claims in the 2013/14 financial year. This is the equivalent of roughly one claim being submitted every 11 minutes day and night 365 days a year and an increase on the 2012/13 figure of 46,139 claims, according to the RAC Foundation. Councils refused the majority of claims, agreeing to pay out in less than a quarter (23%) of cases, and the total value of successful claims was £3.2 million. The average payout for a successful claim in 2013/14 was £286, down from £357 the year before and the average administration cost of each claim - successful or not - was £147, the transport policy and research organisation said. The figures are likely to be the tip of the iceberg. Many drivers will be put off by the time involved in claiming against a council, and many councils do their best to deter claimants coming forward. In England, local authorities themselves estimate the maintenance backlog to be about £12 billion yet over the past five years spending on all roads across England and Wales has dropped 22% in real terms. Worn out road surfaces do not simply cause damage to vehicles they are also potentially lethal, particularly for two-wheeled road users.

Britain’s unemployment has hit another six-year low and wages are climbing in real terms. The jobless rate for the SeptemberNovember period slid to 5.8%, which was a level last seen in 2008. The number of unemployed slid 58,000 to 1.91 million people during the period, compared with the three months to August. That was also a six-year low last seen in late 2008, while a record 30 million people were in employment. “We have reached an important milestone in this country’s jobs-led recovery – with unemployment falling below 6% for the first time in six years. Welfare reform has played an instrumental part in this.” Work and Pensions Secretary Iain Duncan Smith

The resurgent economy may also benefit from record-low borrowing costs this year, after the Bank of England voted unanimously to hold interest rates at 0.50 percent. Economists say the news will benefit Prime Minister David Cameron’s coalition government in the May elections. Cameron’s Conservatives have placed the performance of the economy at the heart of their election campaign.

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Report: Cab Drivers Union GMB Union launched its Sheffield black cab section as many cab drivers raised issues of cab drivers with us. Black cab representative, Aftab Ahmed told ILM News “many drivers approached me and raised many important issues that effected cabs drivers every day , and today after meeting many of them we have decided to put in place our cab section and take forward urgent issues they have raised”: Immediate petition all drivers about cab fare in-

crease, going round all cab taxi ranks, Lobby city council for 3yr taxi badge More independent approved MOT centres like Birmingham, More taxi ranks, Vehicle age, Better consultation process, communication between drivers and licensing. For further information and any taxi cab issues please contact 07956471916 Aftab Ahmed

Fall In Crime Levels Masks Rise In Fraud Crime has fallen by 11 per cent over the past year to a record low, according to the Office for National Statistics, but there is growing evidence of an increase in fraud. The overall dip in levels of crime such as burglary and vehicle theft — by 63 per cent since a peak in 1995, may indicate that cuts to police budgets have not affected public safety. However, fraud and cyber crime are not included in the headline ONS estimates, and the statisticians’ survey is not due to be updated with questions on these offences until next year. The latest data from Action Fraud, show that almost 213,000 offences were reported in the year ending September 2014, up 5 per cent over

the year. This is equivalent to four recorded offences per 1,000 of the population — more than twice the rate of theft from the person and four times the rate of robbery. According to the police forces’ data, the incidence of rape has risen by 31 per cent in the year to September 2014, the highest level for at least 10 years. Statisticians attributed this largely to improved police recording of sexual offences, following revelations of historic sexual abuse by public figures including Jimmy Savile. However, the police data also showed a 3 per cent rise in shoplifting, which is at a peak not seen since 2002/3.

RICHEST 1% OWN MORE THAN THE REST OF THE WORLD

Warsi Attacks Govt Policy Towards Muslims Baroness Warsi says the Government has failed to effectively engage with Britain's three-million strong Muslim community. The former Conservative party chairman Baroness Warsi has accused the Government of viewing Britain's Muslim community with suspicion. Baroness Warsi also criticised what she described as a policy of non-engagement with Britain's three million Muslims, leading to a lack of trust. Writing in The Observer newspaper, the former Foreign Office minister revealed her thoughts about the controversial letter sent to mosques across England last month. The letter urged Muslim leaders to do more to stop people becoming radicalised in the wake of the Paris terror attacks. She said Britain has seen almost six years of nonengagement with the Muslim community, both

by the previous Labour Government and the coalition. "The reaction to the Pickles letter underlines what I consistently argued for in government - that it was important for us to engage with a broad range of groups and individuals who purported to speak for the British Muslim community, while accepting that, inevitably, some didn't do it very well," said Lady Warsi. She said the Muslim community is currently beset by a climate of concern, worry and fear. "So it's no surprise there is a trust deficit, a questioning of motive to a letter sent with the best of intentions," she said. "For too many, the hand of friendship felt like an admonitory finger that was once again pointing at Britain's Muslims." Baroness Warsi quit her role in the Government last August over its response to the crisis in Gaza, which she said was "morally indefensible".

‘Girls Outperform Boys At School’ Despite Inequality Girls do better than boys at school, even in countries where women lack equality with men, a study suggests. Psychologists at Glasgow and Missouri universities compared the achievement in international tests of 1.5 million 15-year-olds from 74 world regions. In 70% of these regions, the girls beat boys in in maths, reading, science and literary subjects. And this was the case in states such as Qatar and Jordan, where there is "relatively low" gender equality. Researchers compared the results of international Pisa tests between 2000 and 2010 with UN gender equality data from the same countries and regions.

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The findings, which are published in the journal Intelligence, indicated that there were only three regions where boys outperformed girls: Colombia Costa Rica the Indian state Himachal Pradesh Girls outperformed boys, on average, in all the other regions, irrespective of high or low levels of social, political and economic equality. But the pattern was different at the highest achievement levels - with top performing boys doing better than top performing girls. With the exception of high-achievers, boys have poorer educational outcomes than girls around the world, independent of social equality indicators. That this gap in not reducing.

The richest 1% of people will own more than the combined wealth of the other 99% by next year unless "staggering" levels of inequality are tackled. A research paper released by Oxfam suggests the richest 1% have seen their share of global assets rise from 44% in 2009 to 48% last year - with an average worth of 2.7 million dollars (£1.8 million) each. The wealth share of the richest 1% is on track to exceed 50% in 2016, the charity said. Below the richest fifth, 80% of the world's population own just 5.5% of wealth - an average of 3,851 dollars (£2,500) each and the equivalent of one seven hundredth of the average wealth of the 1%. The "very richest" of the top 1% - the 80 individuals at the top of the Forbes Billionaires list - have seen their total net wealth rise from 1.3 trillion dollars in 2010 to 1.9 trillion dollars last year. The wealth of these 80 individuals is now the same as that owned by the bottom 50% of the global population, such that 3.5 billion people share between them the same amount of wealth as that of these extremely wealthy 80 people. Last year 1,645 people were listed as billionaires

and Oxfam said the group is "far from being globally representative". Almost 30% are US citizens and more than one in three inherited some or all of their wealth. Do we really want to live in a world where the 1% own more than the rest of us combined? The scale of global inequality is quite simply staggering and despite the issues shooting up the global agenda, the gap between the richest and the rest is widening fast. In the past 12 months we have seen world leaders from President Obama to Christine Lagarde talk more about tackling extreme inequality but we are still waiting for many of them to walk the walk.

Falling Ebola Cases Show ‘Turning Point’ There has been a "turning point" in the Ebola crisis, with cases falling in the three affected countries, World Health Organization officials say. Just eight cases were detected in Liberia by the end of January, down from a peak of 500-a-week in September. Guinea and Sierra Leone have also seen falls. The WHO said the figures were the "most promising" since the outbreak started. But it continues to urge caution, and to highlight the need to find those who had contact with Ebola patients. The largest outbreak of Ebola in human history has infected 21,724 people and killed 8,641 - largely in just three countries, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. All are now showing falls in weekly cases: Cases in Liberia stand at eight-per-week down from a peak of 509 Cases in Guinea stand at 20 per week down from a peak of 292 Cases in Sierra Leone stand at 117-per-week down from a peak of 748 There are now some days in Liberia where no

cases are reported at all. However, there is "no basis for complacency" due to the risk of a resurgence in cases. It is also uncertain whether the downward trends will continue unless there are improvements in "contact tracing". A single case is enough to start an entire outbreak so identifying everyone who comes into contact with Ebola is vital. Yet the latest WHO situation report says the number of people being traced "remains lower than expected in many districts". Western Sierra Leone remains another problem. Of the 145 cases reported across all affected countries last week, more than 100 were in that region, which includes the capital Freetown.

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RUNNING A BUSINESS Amar Saleem

Business Development Manager Sheffield Chamber of Commerce Having a viable business idea is only part of what you need to succeed. Your experience, knowledge and skill are crucial when running your business, so seek help or advice if need be. Much will also depend on your personal qualities. If you're sure running your own business is the right thing for you, you'll need a fair measure of self-confidence if you are to move things forward. This can be developed over time, but if you are the shy and retiring type, running your own business might not be right for you. THE QUALITIES REQUIRED TO SUCCESSFULLY RUN A BUSINESS Successful entrepreneurs are usually ambitious, competitive and passionate. They’re creative and resourceful, often willing to take calculated risks. Doggedly determined and naturally optimistic, they believe in themselves and their ideas. When starting and running your own business, you’ve got be prepared to take the rough with the smooth – and not react badly when setbacks occur. Your determination to overcome the odds might one day prove the difference between survival and failure. And starting a business can be a lonely and thankless pursuit. Things are easier if you can

count on the support of family and friends, but quire putting in more hours, not less, so don’t do curve and you must accept that you don’t know everything. Ask for advice from the right people it if you're looking for an easier life. there will be times when you’ll feel isolated. when you need it and act on it. ENTREPRENEURIAL DRIVE, BELIEF AND VISION COMMUNICATION SKILLS You’ll be the main driving force behind your new Effective communication skills are essential REALISM, ORGANISATION AND DISCIPLINE business, which is why you need faith in your- when running your own business. You’ll have Overnight success stories are the exception in self. If you don’t believe in yourself, you can’t to be able to deal with all manner of people in business, so you’ll need to be patient and realisdifferent situations – an angry customer one tic with your ambitions. expect others to. A common quality that links many successful en- minute, an employee who needs geeing up the You’ll also need to be versatile, organised and trepreneurs is vision. They’re able to look into next, then possibly you might need to get tough disciplined if you’re to get through your daily todo list. This is likely to include jobs that you don't enjoy or have no previous experience of. You will need to ensure you comply with tax and filing requirements and make sure you pay any VAT, Tax, and National Insurance contributions due for yourself and your employees. Many people and tasks will compete for your attention (including many unwelcome distractions), while you’ll have to organise your own workload. You might not enjoy some of these key tasks, but someone's got to do them. Hopefully, you’re not feeling too put off by this point, but better to have realistic ideas about the future and see the bigger picture. They have with a supplier who has let you down. goals and firm ideas about how to achieve them. Communication is not just about talking – you’ve what running your own business will be like. They understand their market and adapt their also got to be a good listener. And sometimes Few people have all the necessary skills and peryou won’t like what you hear, but criticism goes sonal qualities required when they start out in businesses to meet demand. Your customers, suppliers and any employees with the turf. Some of it will be justified, some business. They can be developed over time – but will depend on you – so don’t expect an easy perhaps not, but you can’t take things person- you must have a willingness to listen, learn and ride. Running your own business is likely to re- ally. Starting a business involves a steep learning move forward.

Real Madrid Top Football Rich List For 10th Year Running Real Madrid has matched its 10th triumph as champions of Europe by topping the Deloitte football rich list for a 10th straight year. Manchester United moves up from fourth to second on the list, which is based on season 2013-14 revenues. Bayern Munich, Barcelona and Paris Saint-Germain filled the next spots. English clubs Manchester City, Chelsea, Arsenal and Liverpool were placed sixth to ninth, all of them showing healthy rises in revenues. Tottenham were in 13th spot, while there were new entries for Newcastle United and Everton at 19th and 20th. The total combined revenue for the top 20 richest clubs rose by 14% to €6.2bn. The list only looks at revenues accrued and does not take into account club debts.

Email: amar.saleem@scci.org.uk

Real Madrid, which won its so-called "Decima" European Cup/Champions League after beating city neighbours Atletico 4-1 last May, saw revenues of €549.5m (£459.5m, at average exchange rate for the year ending 30 June 2014). The club saw revenue growth of €30.6m, from increases of 8% and 9% in broadcast and commercial revenues respectively. Other findings include: Galatasaray was the only club from outside the "big five" European leagues to make the top 20 Italy's Napoli was a new entrant into the top 20 after its revenues soared by more than 50% Spain's Atletico Madrid moved up from 20th to 15th place after reaching the Champions League final.

DELOITTE FOOTBALL MONEY LEAGUE • 1. Real Madrid: 549.5m (518.9m) • 2. Man Utd: 518m (423.8m) • 3. Bayern Munich: 487.5m (431.2m) • 4. Barcelona: 484.6m (482.6m) • 5. Paris Saint Germain; 474.2m (398.8m) • 6. Manchester City: 414.4m (316.2m) • 7. Chelsea: 387.9m (303.4m) • 8. Arsenal: 359.3m (284.3) • 9. Liverpool: 305.9m (240.6m) • 10. Juventus: 279.4m (272.4m)

Big Switch A Springboard To Successful Savings Sheffield City Council is helping to throw a financial lifeline to families and individuals struggling with rising living costs as it launches the popular Big Sheffield Spring Switch deal. The council is asking residents throughout the region to sign up, switch and save with the free-to-join ‘Big Sheffield Spring Switch,’ which aims to help homeowners and tenants save money on their gas and electricity bills by joining an online auction with energy suppliers. The more households who sign up, the more buying power the council will have and the better the deal for participants. More than 800 people benefitted from last year’s switch in the autumn, saving an average £220 each. Some homeowners reported a massive £500 saving. This year’s auction, the fourth of its kind backed by Sheffield City Council, will take place on 1 March and participants can switch anytime until 22 March. The scheme is really simple and open to everyone. The energy suppliers bid for the house-

Mass Log On As China’s Growing Online Population Nears 650 Million China hit a new milestone as the world’s largest online population continues to rise, with the number of Internet users now nearly 650 million. China already had more web users than any other country in the world but by the end of 2014 it added 30 million more users, according to the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC). China defines its online population as those who have used the Internet at least once in the last six

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holders’ custom by offering their cheapest tariff and the best value providers will be chosen. The top five tariffs, plus eco-friendly options, will be offered to residents who have signed up. Anyone can register and switch to the new energy deal – whether they currently pay their energy bills by direct debit, cheque, cash or use a pre-payment meter. It also applies if you own your own home, rent from a private landlord, a social landlord or have never switched before. The final offer is open to everyone, whether you live in Sheffield or not. Households are under no obligation and when they receive their offer they can choose to accept it or not depending upon whether it works for them. All residents will need when they register is a recent energy bill so that their annual energy usage can be calculated. For more information about the Big Sheffield Switch or to register your interest call 0800 9887035 or visitwww.sheffield.gov.uk/ cheaperenergy.

months. It is home to a huge e-commerce market and the web has been used by citizens to spotlight government abuses, creating a concern for the ruling Communist Party. Beijing maintains tight controls over the Internet, blocking websites it deems politically sensitive in a system dubbed the “Great Firewall of China” and encouraging social media companies to censor user-generated content.

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EDUCATION AND HIGH STORRS The Importance Of Education Last month Malala Yousafzai, aged 17, became the youngest person to receive a Nobel Peace Prize. Her battle and that of many young people around the world is one that students in Britain may fail to understand or appreciate. Her battle was for an education. The question ‘Why do we have to come to school?’ is one that I am sure is asked in every school across the country at least once a day. If the right to go to school is something that you were born with and have had every day it is often hard not to take it for granted.

However education is one of the most important important skills to teach us. For example; geography, RE, investments a country can make in its people. languages and PSCHEE can The most obvious advantage of education is that give us a better understandit helps us to achieve qualifications which, in ing of other cultures and turn, give us access to the jobs we are interested give us the ability to empain and a better income. Studies have shown that thise with others, English, having 5 good GCSEs can significantly improve drama and music can teach young people’s starting income, by as much as us how to express our ideas clearly and communicate £2,000 a year. well with others and Science While qualifications are important there are and maths teach us how the many other advantages to education. Being at world works and to think school gives us the skill to interact with a wide logically. variety of people; people from different cultures, backgrounds and religions which we may not be Ultimately education gives us the chance to improve our own lives and the exposed to otherwise. lives of those around us. If we want to make ‘When will we ever use this?’ is possibly the changes we need to know and understand as second most often asked question in school. As much as possible about the world around us and discussed in a previous article the jobs that the people who live with us in that world. It is will be available to our students in the future our children’s responsibility to take full advanmay well be overwhelming, involving jobs tage of their education and to appreciate how that have yet to be invented so this ques- lucky they are that they have the right to go to tion can be almost impossible to answer. school, even if some days they think it would be Learning is key to education but sometimes easier to stay in bed! it is not what we learn that is the most important thing. What is important is that “Education in the most powerful weapon which we know how to learn, and that we learn you can use to change the world.” (Nelson Mansomething new every day. School gives us dela) the opportunity to look at how we learn and supports us as we discover our best way of If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact High Storrs School. (Tel no: 0114 267 learning. 0000, email enquiries@highstorrs.sheffield.sch. Education also introduces us to a range of uk) different subjects and while we may not enjoy every subject at school they all have Mrs Heggs and Mr Akram

Sheffield Chinatown Gets Green Light Plans for a £65m "Chinatown" development in Sheffield have been approved by councillors. Jerry Cheung of New Era UK Ltd, the Sheffield company behind the plans, said the project would be funded entirely by Chinese investors. The 86,100 sq ft (8,000 sq m) mixed use development will sit between St Mary's Gate, Bramall Lane and Sheldon Street, with a possible 400 new jobs created once it is complete. Existing buildings will be demolished to create a plaza with an oriental cash and carry, food and drink outlets, student flats and office space. "The vision for Sheffield's Chinatown began in 2005. The aim is to integrate the Chinese community rather than keeping the two separate," Mr Cheung said. He added that the look and feel would reflect "the new era and future" rather than a "tired and dated" historic Chinatown look familiar to other British cities. Work will begin this summer on a £65m development in Sheffield with phase one of New Era Square - which involves major Chinese investment - will include a 21-storey tower of flats for 700 students as well as private apartments above a public square, shops and offices.

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World Snooker Championship To Stay In UK One of the most iconic events in sport, The World Snooker Championship, is to remain in Sheffield until 2017. The tournament, the richest and most prestigious in snooker, was first staged at the Crucible in 1977 so 2017 will mark its 40th anniversary in Sheffield. The event is worth over £5 million to the city based on a combination of direct economic impact and extensive media profile in the UK, Europe and the Far East, with a total audience of 285 million viewers. Sheffield has fought off competition from a host of major international cities looking to take the blue riband event out of its traditional home. The new deal, announced by World Snooker Limited and Sheffield City Council, will the see the Crucible Theatre, with its unique and electric atmosphere, remaining as the dramatic centre-stage. Councillor Julie Dore, Leader of Sheffield City Council said: “We are delighted to keep the World Championship in Sheffield. It’s very important to Sheffield because for those two weeks it puts the city right in the spotlight not just nationally but internationally. This deal shows that Sheffield has real ambition. We are determined to use this partnership with World Snooker to grow their audiences and open up new global business opportunities for the city.” The 2015 World Championship runs from 18 April to 4 May.

Asthma Diagnosis ‘May Be Wrong’ More than one million people receiving treatment for asthma may have been misdiagnosed, according to a health watchdog. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) said studies showed up to 30% of the 4.1m people treated for asthma in the UK did not show any “clear evidence” of the incurable condition and may be receiving unnecessary treatment. The watchdog has drafted new guidance, its first for asthma, for doctors in England to improve the accuracy of diagnoses, including an array of tests. Around 10% of the 5.4 million people in the UK with asthma have the most severe form, which leaves them unable to control their symptoms, resulting in frequent attacks, despite taking multiple high-strength medicines. NICE also said while there was no “gold standard test” available, with patients diagnosed based on a medical history, it recommended spirometry - a measure of airflow obstruction - as the primary method for children over five and adults over 16. For children under five, doctors should monitor nitric oxide levels until they are old enough for clinical tests.

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David Cameron has rejected criticism by some Muslims of a letter sent to mosques in England urging them to do more to root out extremists and prevent young people being radicalised. The Muslim Council of Britain (MCB) said it wanted Communities Secretary Eric Pickles to clarify the request - and asked if, like “members of the far right”, he was suggesting that Islam is inherently apart from British society. In the letter sent to more than 1,000 Islamic leaders, Mr Pickles and communities minister Lord Ahmad stressed that he was “proud” of the way Muslims in Britain had responded to the Paris terror attacks but added that there was “more work to do”. “I think it is absolutely right to write this letter, to say that we all have a responsibility to fight extremism.” Prime Minister David Cameron There are fears about the spread of terrorism

after the attacks in the French capital that left 17 people dead and the arrest of more than two dozen people in anti-terror raids in Belgium, Germany and France. Cameron has stepped in to defend the letter. The Prime Minister said: “Anyone, frankly, reading this letter, who has a problem with it, I think really has a problem. I think it is the most reasonable, sensible, moderate letter that Eric could possibly have written.” In the letter, Pickles insisted Whitehall could not combat jihadist ideology alone and Imams must explain to young people what it means to be British. “Is Mr Pickles seriously suggesting, as do members of the far right, that Muslims and Islam are inherently apart from British society?” Harun Khan, deputy secretary general of the Muslim Council of Britain

NHS Facing ‘Unmanageable Cancer Crisis’ As Cases Reach Record High Of 2.5m The number of people living with cancer in the UK is set to hit a record 2.5 million this year creating a “crisis of unmanageable proportions”. The estimate comes from Macmillan Cancer Support, whose analysis puts the figure up by almost half a million from five years ago. It includes people who have received the all-clear from doctors. The rising number of people living with cancer is largely due to better detection, as well as a grow-

ing and ageing population. However, there has also been an increase in cancers linked to lifestyle such as kidney, liver and skin. A Department of Health spokesman said: “It is hugely welcome news that over the last five years 500,000 more people are able to live with cancer. The NHS is rising to the challenge this presents and is seeing 51% more patients with suspected cancer than 2010.”

Cyberbullying Smartphones and technology can be used for a lot of good, but it is vital to be aware of how it can be used to sabotage a child’s development. Awareness is the first step to halting the aggression and being proactive can save a child from the debilitating consequences of online bullying. Hopefully, with a little education and awareness we can prevent Cyberbullying. Smartphones Around The World - People are no longer corded to a wall or stuck penning correspondences–they are able to communicate by pushing a send button. It is estimated that around 80% of the global population has a cellphone, with about 1.08 billion of them being Smartphones. This means the world is connected at an unprecedented rate. People are embracing technology and the convenience it offers. For many individuals, the conveniences of owning a Smartphone are too numerous to count. However, a lot of the younger members in society are facing a few serious issues as a result of 24/7 connectivity. Cyberbullying is emerging across the globe as a relatively new problem. Bullying has always been prevalent in many cultures, but the onslaught of Social Media and the Internet has changed how bullies attack their victims. A lot of tormentors favor the anonymity and pile on mentality that the cyberworld provides. Smartphones are quickly becoming the favored method used by Cyberbullies to barrage their victims. Teens are often reluctant to bring up this topic to adults. It is estimated that 90% of teens will not report offensive or cruel posts and 70% will try to hide their online activity from their parent’s eyes. This taboo topic needs to be discussed to prevent irreparable damage to a child. A global study of 10,008 people between the ages of 13-22 (of which 67% were from the UK, 17% from the USA, 12% from Australia and 4% from other countries) showed: •7 out of 10 young people have been victims of cyberbullying. •37% young people have experienced cyberbullying on a highly frequent basis. •20% of young people have experienced extreme cyberbullying on a daily basis. •Young people are found to be twice as likely to be bullied on Facebook than on any other social network.

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•Facebook, Twitter and Ask.FM are found to be the most common social networks for cyberbullying. •54% of young people using Facebook reported that they have experienced bullying on the network. •28% of young people using Twitter reported that they have experienced bullying on the network. •26% of young people using pop Ask.FM have experienced bullying on the network. •Cyberbullying is found to have catastrophic effects upon the self-esteem and social lives of up to 69% of young people. •An estimated 5.43 million young people in the UK have experienced cyber bullying with 1.26 million subjected to extreme cyber bullying on a daily basis. Today’s children are surrounded by technology and many have constant connectivity with Smartphones, tablets, and home computers. They aren’t afforded the luxury of seeking solace at home, the library, or chatting with close friends. This makes the job of protecting our youth daunting. Listed below are 10 tips to help curb Cyberbullying: •Encourage your child to friend only their “real” friends. •Help set your child’s privacy settings. •Friend request your child online. •Keep electronics in common areas. •If your child is a victim of cyberbullying through facebook, remind them that “this too shall pass”. •If you notice cyberbullying, document each post with screenshots. •If Social Media is becoming a problem, have your child wait until you can sit and read the messages together. •Interact sparingly with your child online. Observe at a distance. •Avoid posting embarrassing photos and comments regarding your child. •Instruct your child about social media etiquette. Smartphones and technology can be used for a lot of good, but it is vital to be aware of how it can be used to sabotage a child’s development. Awareness is the first step to halting the aggression and being proactive can save a child from the debilitating consequences of online bullying.

Ayatollah Khamenei Writes Letter To Western Youth Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, has written an open letter to young people in the West urging them to examine Islam first hand rather than believe prejudiced views. The letter encourages them to read the Quran for themselves and appeals for "impartial judgment". He said that there had been a flood of misinformation about Islam in the West. He added that he was prompted to write the letter by recent events in France. In a statement published on his website, Ayatollah Khamenei said he was writing to young people in Europe and North America because they were the future of their nations. He asked them to gain a "proper, correct and unbiased understanding of Islam" and to form their own opinions of the religion. He also called for people to question why the "old policy" of spreading fear and hatred has targeted

Islam with such intensity. "Many attempts have been made over the past two decades, almost since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, to place this great religion in the seat of a horrifying enemy," he said. "Don't allow them to hypocritically introduce their own recruited terrorists as representatives of Islam."

Police Criticised Over Poor Response To ‘Boom In Shoplifting’ Police forces are being accused of not doing enough to tackle a boom in shoplifting. A survey shows a 36% rise in the money lost in shop thefts, the highest figure for a decade. But most shoplifting goes unreported because shopkeepers do not believe the police will respond. The perception remains that some quarters of law enforcement view theft as a ‘victimless’ crime which is not taken seriously. “Despite the high level of theft, and evidence that some retailers

are adopting more consistent “no exception” policies to reporting offences to the police, the majority of customer theft remains unreported.” British Retail Consortium The BRC’s 2014 retail crime survey put the annual cost of all crime at £603m, an increase of 18%, with a total of three million crimes. As well as the increase in shoplifting, fraud rose by 12% - more than half committed by organised gangs - and cyber crime also went up. However, robbery, burglary and criminal damage fell.

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Pakistan Third Cheapest Country To Live In

PAKISTAN IS WORLDS LARGEST HOST OF REFUGEES

Pakistan has been ranked as the third cheapest country to live in by the Cost of Living Index for Countries 2015 report published by Numbeo.com. India is listed as the cheapest country and Nepal as the second cheapest country while Switzerland, Norway and Venezuela are the most expensive countries respectively, the report says. The detailed list includes information regarding the Cost of Living Index of 119 countries along with cityby-city data for every individual country. These figures are based on the Consumer Price Index. By comparison, the UK is 10th highest on the list with a comsumer price index of 92.19 against Pakistan’s 30.71.

Peshawar School Massacre: Row Over Pakistan Armed Teacher Plan

Teachers in north-western Pakistan have criticised a government plan to allow them to carry weapons to defend schools from militant attacks. Speakers at a teachers' convention in Peshawar city said their job was to educate, not to provide security. The local authority, which announced the plan last month, insisted no teacher would be forced to carry a weapon. The local government in Khyber Pa-

khtunkhwa province announced in response to the attack in the city, that it would allow teachers to carry weapons by issuing arms licences. "The idea is to enable them to engage the attackers until help arrives," provincial information minister Mushtaq Ghani said at the time. He said the decision was taken because police could not be regularly deployed at all schools in the province. Other plans to stop attacks in schools included raising boundary walls, topping them with barbed wire, installing CCTV and setting up security gates. The plan to arm teachers was criticised by teachers, opposition politicians and the media, who said the government was trying to shift its responsibility to the teachers. After teachers complained, provincial education minister Atif Khan told them that the government was "not forcing you to become security guards, but only allowing you to carry arms if you desire."

Pakistan, which hosts about 1.6 million Afghan refugees, is the biggest host country in absolute terms, a UN refugee agency report said. Relative to the size of populations, Lebanon and Jordan host the largest number of refugees, while relative to the size of economy the burden carried by Ethiopia and Pakistan is greatest. Other countries with large refugee populations are Lebanon (1.1m), Iran (982,000), Turkey (824,000), Jordan (737,000), Ethiopia (588,000), Kenya (537,000) and Chad (455,000). As of end of 2013, 51.2m people had been displaced globally.

The report warns that “war across large swathes of the Middle East and Africa in the first six months of 2014 forcibly displaced some 5.5m people, signalling yet another record. The mid-term report shows that of the 5.5m who were newly displaced, 1.4m fled across international borders becoming refugees, while the rest were displaced within their own countries also known as IDPs or internally displaced persons. The new data brings the number of people being helped by the UNHCR to 46.3m as of mid2014 — some 3.4m more than at the end of 2013 and a new record high. “In 2014, we have seen the number of people under our care grow to unprecedented levels. As long as the international community continues to fail to find political solutions to existing conflicts and to prevent new ones from starting, we will continue to have to deal with the dramatic humanitarian consequences,” António Guterres, head of the UNHCR, said in a statement.

Sharif Pulls Out Of Davos Amid Fuel Crisis Pakistan's Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif pulled out of the World Economic Forum (WEF) meeting in Switzerland to tackle nationwide fuel shortages. Petrol stations in most major cities closed temporarily last month, and drivers elsewhere faced huge queues. Ministers blame a huge spike in demand for the shortage, but critics say it was caused by government incompetence. Mr Sharif held a crisis meeting and promised to punish those causing the problems. It is the second year running that the prime minister has pulled out of the WEF in Davos. Last year he was forced to cancel the trip because of a Taliban attack. Pakistan has faced intermittent fuel crises for years, and Mr Sharif promised during the 2013

election to resolve the issues. But last month again most of Pakistan was hit with shortages. The petroleum ministry said the sharp decline in global oil prices had encouraged some two million motorists to switch from compressed natural gas (CNG) to petrol. The spike in demand could not be foreseen, the ministry said. But the shortages came shortly after banks refused to lend any more to government-owned firm Pakistan State Oil. The firm, which supplies most of Pakistan's oil, was forced to drastically cut imports. Analysts say government ministries are among the clients that have failed to pay debts owed to Pakistan State Oil. Opposition parties have held angry demonstrations and demanded action from the government.

Queen To Visit Sheffield For Maundy Thursday Service Sheffield is preparing for a prestigious rotal visit – with the Queen set to visit the city on Maundy Thursday (2nd April). The Queen, accompanied by her husband, The Duke of Edinburgh, will attend a service at Sheffield Cathedral, where the Queen will hand out the traditional Maundy money. A spokesman for the Royal household said: “The Queen and The Duke of Edinburgh will be present at the Maundy Service in Sheffield Cathedral. “Her Majesty will distribute the Royal Maundy during the Service. “Every year at Easter, Her Majesty presents special ‘Maundy money’ to local pensioners in a UK cathedral or abbey.

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SELFIES GOES WRONG

Mr Shumile J. Chishty

Deal With Bad Breath

While everyone has a case of halitosis (bad breath) now and then, for some people the condition can be chronic — and antisocial. What causes bad breath that is characterised by an unpleasant odour? A lot of things, including food, tobacco products, poor dental hygiene, health problems, dry mouth or medications. Food: Food is a primary source of bad breath. Some foods such as garlic and onions are known as perpetrators of bad breath; but spicy foods, exotic spices, some types of cheese, fish and acidic beverages can also leave a lingering smell, though mostly this is short-term. Often some food particles get stuck in the teeth, promoting the growth of bacteria, which leads to bad breath. Sometimes, not even your best friends will tell you that you have bad breath. Here’s what you can do about this embarrassing condition Few people know that the human mouth contains about 600 types of bacteria that thrive on trapped food particles. While brushing and flossing keep bacterial count down and Many others food particles from sticking around, many 1. A couple visiting Portugal sadly fell to their have died or become seriously injured after being dispeople overlook cleaning the tongue though deaths while trying to take a selfie with their kids on tracted while taking self-portraits. As phone distracexperts advise brushing the tongue itself in the edge of the Cabo da Roca beachside cliff. Authori- tions continue to evolve, the popularity of the “selfie” order to dislodge bacteria and freshen up the ties are continuing to investigate the incident, but sus- craze has only amplified these dangers. Although it mouth. pect that the deaths happened directly resulting from may seem silly to you, the fact that more than a handLow carbohydrate diets can also be a cause ful of people have died from selfie-related accidents. the couple taking the selfie. of bad breath as it causes the body to burn Selfies have now become the biggest trend of the year fat as its energy source; the end product of 2. A f - (2014) .A recent study on selfies shows that young making this energy is ketone, which causes a fruity acetone-like odour on the breath when ter accidentally people worldwide express themselves differently. Reexhaled. shooting him- search at the City University of New York compared Smoking and chewing tobacco can leave self while pos- selfies in five cities -- Moscow, Berlin, New York, Tokyo chemicals in the mouth. Smoking brings on ing for a selfie and Sao Paulo. Lev Manovich, who headed the project, bad breath, but not just from tobacco odours; with a gun, 21 said the average person is about 24 years old. No mattar and nicotine can make teeth stickier, so year-old Mexi- ter how dangerous selfies can be no one is going to that bacteria adhere a little more; and the can Otero Agui- take in to account that it is life risky, everyone is takheat from the smoke will make the mouth lar lost his life. ing it for body confidence, to boost their confidence dry and encourage bacterial growth. SmokAguilar had allegedly been drinking with friends earlier otherwise selfies are just useless, If 20 year olds take ing can also precipitate other causes of bad in the night and wasn’t aware that the gun was loaded. selfies the most then that means that younger children breath such as gum disease or oral cancers. Poor dental hygiene: Poor dental care can The 21-year-old passed away before he had reached will be waiting to go in to that phase and take more lead to a build-up of plaque in the mouth, extreme selfies than there are today. the hospital. which causes an odour of its own. Dry mouth: Dry mouth can also cause bad breath as saliva helps moisten and cleanse the mouth; so when the body does not produce enough saliva, bad breath may reCinnamon ger is known to combat nausea. As well, its sult. Dry mouth may Taking 1 ½ teaspoons of ground cin- anti-inflammatory properties may help with namon daily may lower blood sugar arthritis. levels. While another study had success in lowering blood pressure Turmeric with only ½ teaspoon of cinnamon Turmeric contains curcumin, which has used for 12 weeks. Clearly, more been shown to inhibit the growth of cancer studies are needed. cells. Its anti-inflammatory properties are Chili pepper similar to ginger.

3. Just the other Everyone from President Obama to Pope Francis has day, 23-year-old participated in the trend. The self-portrait photograph medical student has become a root of social media. With 93% of teens Sylwia Rajchel was estimated to have posted a photo of themselves onattempting to hang line, it's likely that your own teen or tween has conoff the edge of tributed to the crazy trend Spain's Puente de While the selfie trend is innocent enough for the most Trianna Bridge to part, there are a few potential risks associated with take a selfie when taking selfies. Although it may seem surprising, there she fell from the have been various world-wide reports of selfie-related accidents that have resulted in serious injuries or, in structure. She died from injuries sustained from the fall soon after the incident. some cases, deaths. Here’s a list of people who have tragically died from The teen shown below was taking a selfie for a comaccidents and events involving selfies. pletion and decided to hang off the door and unfortunately she fell off and banged her head on the rim of the toilet seat causing torrential damage.

Seven South Asian Spices That Deliver Health Benefits

Capsaicin, the ingredient in chili peppers that gives its fiery heat, may help suppress appetite and burn more calories. It must be noted that although capsaicin capThe next time you eat flavourful South sules were used in these studies, a little hot Asian curries you may be getting a hidden pepper in your cooking will slow down how benefit, the healing power of spices. Spice quickly you eat. up your life takes on a whole new meaning when you dig a little deeper into health re- Fenugreek search. Vibrant spices are sources of anti- Fenugreek seed extract lowered how much oxidants and many have anti-inflammatory fat was consumed by study participants properties. Antioxidants protect your cells over six weeks. In another study, taking by cruising around your body zapping free ground fenugreek seeds (2 ½ tsp) soaked radicals. in hot water for six weeks lowered fasting Wondering about the difference between blood sugar, triglycerides (a type of fat bad herbs and spices? Herbs are the green leafy for heart health) and a certain type of blood parts of a plant, whereas spices refer to the cholesterol. seeds, berries, bark, or roots. While there are numerous studies showing Garlic a relationship between spices and health Some research suggests that eating half benefits, the evidence is stronger for some to one clove of garlic a day can lower chospices over others. lesterol levels. A recent study showed that garlic pills lowered blood pressure. Also, Cardamom people who ate garlic every day for three One clinical study found that just over ½ months had fewer colds. teaspoon of cardamom powder (3 grams) lowered blood pressure when taken for 12 Ginger weeks. In addition to soothing sore throats, gin-

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be caused by problems of the salivary gland, connective tissue disorders, medications or excessive breathing through the mouth. Of the different bacteria that are present in our mouth, the ones that prefer a dry mouth are more problematic when it comes to bad breath. Dieting or not drinking enough water can slow the production of saliva, leading to bad breath. Saliva washes the teeth and keeps bacteria at bay. Because the body makes less saliva during sleep, most people wake up with what is known as “dragon breath”. Drinking water before going to bed can help, as can rinsing with water in the morning. Breakfast also helps; eating encourages the body to make more saliva, which rinses the mouth. Eating breakfast will get us back to being moist again. Medication: Many medicines can cause dry mouth, leading to bad breath. If bad breath is a side effect of some medicine, ask your doctor if there are any alternative medicines that can be taken. But don’t stop the medicine without consulting your doctor. If bad breath is due to a health problem such as a sinus infection, diabetes, acid reflux, etc., then the underlying medical issue needs to be treated. When brushing after a meal isn’t possible, experts recommend chewing gum in order to dislodge food particles and increase the flow of bacteria-reducing saliva. Keeping the mouth moist by drinking water and chewing sugarless gum or sucking on sugar-free mints may temporarily mask bad breath by stimulating the production of saliva. But it has to be a sugarless version, since sugar can encourage tooth decay, which can lead to more bad smells. For more serious cases of bad breath, dentists prescribe special toothpaste and mouthwash that can improve the symptoms of bad breath. Mouthwash may temporarily mask bad breath, but it may not treat the underlying cause. In some cases dental hygiene isn’t enough to keep bad breath at bay; in such cases it helps to look at ones whole-body health. Some ailments such as sinus infections, diabetes, liver and kidney disease, certain cancers can also cause chronic bad breath. Chronic bad breath doesn’t necessarily mean a person with good oral hygiene has a worse condition, yet it shouldn’t be ignored. Halitosis is not something that people should just accept as normal.

While some studies use pills and extracts made from spices, I‘m a firm believer in eating whole foods, including spices. There are many compounds in foods that work together to produce a benefit. It’s difficult to replicate that in pill form.

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I Am More British Than Farage Boxer Amir Khan was forced to ask the Prime Minister for a favour after being denied a visa to the U.S. on the anniversary of the 9/11 attacks. Amir had his visa application denied by 'edgy immigration guys' as he went to board a flight to Las Vegas to commentate on a fight last September. Luckily Khan, who is well-known in America, is on good terms with David Cameron and was able to put a call in asking him to pull some diplomatic strings. In an interview with The Times, the 28-year-old boxing champion spoke of the moment he was turned away at the gate as he tried to fly out to watch a fight between world champion Floyd Mayweather and Marcos Maidana. Khan said: 'I was flying out on September 11. I think the immigration guys get edgy. They just told me my visa was refused and I couldn't get on the plane. 'David Cameron takes my calls. He's a good friend. I rang him and said I had a bit of a problem. 'He said, "Hold on a minute," then he called me back and it was sorted. Speaking of the effect Islamic extremism has had on the lives of ordinary British Muslims, Khan criticised Ukip leader Nigel Farage for blaming the Paris attacks on the country's 'gross policy of multiculturalism'. The boxer said: 'What Nigel Farage said makes me angry. I was born here, went to school here, my mates are here. 'I've won a world title with the Union Jack proudly displayed on my shorts. I've won an Olympic medal with my heart full of pride. I am more British even than Farage and a lot of white people. I try and show it through action. The boxer recently made a trip to the Pakistani school where 148 people were killed in a terrorist massacre and donated the £30,000 shorts he wore in his welterweight title win. 'I've cancelled trips to Pakistan before on other people's advice. It can be a dangerous place,'' he said. 'But I've got a daughter myself now. I went because I wanted to tell those kids that they need to overcome fear and get back to school. That's how you make something of your life. You can't let terrorists win.'

New Heart Attack Test May Save Thousands Of Women’s Lives Many more women’s lives could be saved by a highly sensitive new test for detecting heart attacks, a leading doctor has said. A large clinical trial on the effectiveness of the test is currently under way in Scotland which it is hoped will confirm earlier research showing heart attacks could be diagnosed in twice as many women using the sensitive troponin test. The test is thought to be able to detect lower levels of troponin, a protein that leaks into the blood from heart muscle cells after they have been damaged by a heart attack, than the one currently used by the NHS. Doctors measure troponin to see if a heart attack is the reason why somebody is suffering chest pains. If these results are confirmed… they suggest that using a high sensitivity troponin test could save many more women’s lives by identifying them earlier to take steps to prevent them dying or having another, bigger heart attack. It is thought the new test is particularly effective in picking up cases in women, because they appear to have lower troponin levels than men. For some reason, women are less likely to have obvious symptoms and if the test result comes back negative then they might be sent home only to have an event [heart attack] in the next few months because they were not treated appropriately.

History Of Lahore Lahore was named after Lava, son of the Hindu god Rama, who supposedly founded the city. To this day, the Lahore Fort has a vacant temple dedicated to Lava (also pronounced Loh, hence "Loh-awar" or The Fort of Loh). Likewise, the Ravi River that flows through northern Lahore was named for the Hindu goddess Durga. Ptolemy, the celebrated astronomer and geographer, mentions in his Geographia a city called Labokla situated on the route between the Indus River and Palibothra, or Pataliputra (Patna), in a tract of country called Kasperia (Kashmir), described as extending along the rivers Bidastes or Vitasta (Jhelum), Sandabal or Chandra Bhaga (Chenab), and Adris or Iravati (Ravi). After the fall of the Ghaznavid Empire, Lahore was ruled by various Muslim dynasties known as the Delhi Sultanate, including the Khiljis, Tughlaqs, Syed, Lodhis and Suris. When Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aybak was crowned here in 1206, he became the first Muslim sultan of the Indian subcontinent. It was not until 1524 that Lahore became part of the Mughal Empire. During the 18th century, as Mughal power dwindled, Lahore was often invaded. The city was a suba, a province of the Afghan Empire, governed by provincial rulers with their own court. The 1740s were years of chaos, and the city had nine different governors between 1745 and 1756. Invasions and chaos in local government allowed bands of warring Sikhs to gain control in some areas. In 1799, all Sikh Misls (warring bands) joined into one to form a sovereign Sikh state ruled by Maharaja Ranjit Singh from the royal capital, Lahore.[9]. During the 1740s,

frequent invasions by Afghans led by Ahmad Shah Abdali and chaos in local government had made life very uncomfortable for the citizens of Lahore. Bhangi Misl was the fist Sikh band to plunder the Mughal Lahore. Later Ranjit Singh was able to make gains in this chaos. He defeated the son of Abdali, Zaman Shah in a battle between Lahore and Amritsar. Out of the chaos of Afghani and Sikh conflicts emerged a victorious Sikh by the name of Ranjit Singh who was able to unify the Sikh factions and capture Lahore where he was crowned Emperor. Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and was able to expand the kingdom to the Khyber Pass and also included Jammu and

The second and final Anglo-Sikh war of 1848-1849 brought Lahore under the rule of the East India Company, and it became part of the Punjab Province. During the British period of 1849-1947, their construction in Lahore combined Mughal, Gothic and Victorian styles. The GPO and YMCA buildings in Lahore commemorated the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria, an event marked by the construction of clock towers and monuments all over India. Other important British buildings included the High Court, the Government College University, the museums, the National College of Arts, Montgomery Hall, Tollinton Market, the University of the Punjab (Old Campus) and the Provincial Assembly. The city has built a new campus in quieter environments on the Canal Bank, but the old university buildings are still functioning. For the sake of entertainment, the British introduced horse-racing to Lahore. The first racing club, established in 1924, is called LRC or Lahore Race Club. Lahore enjoys a special position in the history of Indian Independence Movement. The 1929 Congress session was held at Lahore. In this Congress, a resolution of "complete independence" was moved by Pandit Nehru and passed unanimously at midnight on 31 December 1929. On this occasion, the contemporary tricolour of India (with a chakra at its centre) was hoisted as a national flag, and thousands of people saluted it. Lahore prison was a place to detain revolutionary freedom fighters. Noted freedom fighter Jatin Das died in Lahore prison after fasting for 63 days in protest of British treatment of political prisoners. One of the martyrs in the struggle for Indian independence, Shaheed Sardar Bhagat Singh, was hanged in Lahore Jail. The most important session of the All India Muslim League, later the Pakistan Muslim League, the premier party fighting for Indian independence and the creation of Pakistan, was held in Lahore in 1940. Muslims under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam demanded a separate homeland for Muslims of India in a document known as the Pakistan Resolution or the Lahore Resolution. During this session, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, leader of the league, publicly proposed the Two Nation Theory for the first time. Lahore is regarded as the heart of Pakistan and was known as the Paris of the East before the riots of 1947. Out of all the cities of India, Lahore suffered the greatest loss due to the Partition of Punjab in 1947. At independence, Lahore was made capital of Punjab province in the new state of Pakistan. After 1947, Lahore was affected by large-scale riots among Muslims, Hindus, and Sikhs that led to huge structural damage to historic monuments such as the Lahore Fort, Badshahi mosque and other colonial buildings.

Kashmir, while keeping the British from expanding across the River Sutlej for more than 40 years. After his death in 1839 the internecine fighting between the Sikhs and several rapid forfeitures of territory by his sons, along with the intrigues of the Dogras and two Anglo-Sikh wars, eventually led to British control of the Lahore Darbar ten years later. For the British, Punjab was a frontier province, because Lahore had boundaries with Afghanistan and Persia. Therefore, the Punjabis, unlike the Bengalis and the Sindhis, were not allowed to use their mother tongue as an official language. The British first introduced Urdu as an official language in Punjab, including Lahore due to a fear of Punjabi nationalism.

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Major Achievement A young orphan from Yorkshire, England could have never imagined that his decisions would lead him to influence the lives of so many in Pakistan. Based upon people’s kindness towards him, his goal was to return the favour to the needy and poor people, irrespective of colour, race and region. Now, after more than seven decades, Major Geoffrey Douglas Langlands has become an institution affluent with stories and an understanding of the people and the country he once witnessed coming to life in 1947. Seventy years ago, the young British army officer arrived in the Indian subcontinent ready for ad-

venture. He never left. Major Geoffrey Langlands was present at the birth of Pakistan in 1947 and has spent more than half a century teaching there. At a young age he was driven to serve his country as a soldier, to educate schoolchildren, first in England and then in Pakistan, Langlands has become a global figure attracting global attention to Chitral, Pakistan. Sir Geoffrey joined the British army in 1939, served in British India from 1944 and has lived and served the Pakistan nation since 1947. There are many character traits that describe Geoffrey Langlands: wise, experienced, disciplined, and stubborn. "Energetic" best describes the 97-yearold Major, ex-headmaster of the Langlands School and College in the Chitral Valley, Pakistan, from 1989 until his retirement in 2012.

The historical institution run by him, Langlands School and College, Chitral, Pakistan formerly known as Sayurj Public School was started in September 1988 by the local Deputy Commissioner, in the guest quarters of his official residence. The school’s first teachers were young English women whose enthusiasm, energy and commitment are still gratefully remembered in Chitral. These young women were not trained

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teachers but they set high standards and gave the school a solid foundation. Many of them, including Sophie Swire, Juliette Seibold former head teacher and Henrietta Miers have remained in touch with the school and with former pupils over the years. In 1989 Major Geoffrey Langlands arrived to take up the reins. He was already a well-known figure in Pakistan, having taught for many years at Pakistan’s leading public school, Aitcheson College in Lahore and then serving for almost a decade as principal of Cadet College, Razmak in North Waziristan. The Langlands School and College is a private school

in the peaceful and beautiful Chitral District, in the upper reaches of the Hindu Kush in northern Pakistan. The first private school in Chitral, it educates about a thousand pupils, aged from four to eighteen, on four separate sites in and above the town of Chitral. The services rendered by Langlands took it from 80 boys and girls aged five to ten years old to 1000 students. Under Major Langlands’ direction the school grew steadily, with a new class added to the school each year. For the first few years of the schools’ life all the teachers were women. In 1993 Major Langlands inducted male teachers to teach science subjects and the majority of teachers in the senior school are now men. Major Langlands was a staunch advocate of education for girls in Chitral, insisting on teaching them up to the age of eighteen. He encountered stiff opposition to this plan but he eventually convinced local leaders and people that society needed educated women. Girls are taught separately in the senior school, but they enjoy access to all the school’s facilities. He has recently stepped down after running the Langlands School and College in Chitral for 24 years, and is now back at his earlier residence at the Aitcheson College in Lahore.

7,655 Lives Lost In Terror Attacks As many as 7,655 people were killed in Pakistan in terror attacks, sectarian violence, targeted killings, security operations and drone strikes in 2014 compared to 5,687 in 2013. The number of deaths witnessed a three-time increase because of security operations but fatalities from the militant attacks, terror and targeted killings decreased by 15 percent. However, 35 percent increase in the overall deaths was recorded during the year. The statistics were revealed at Islamabad’s Centre for Research and Security Studies (CRSS) during the launching ceremony of a “Conflict/violence report for the year 2014″. “The major increase in violence was observed in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), where fatalities doubled from 1,457 in 2013 to 3,399 in 2014,” a CRSS official said. “The reason for the increase in deaths in FATA is the military-led operation “Zarb-e-Azb” in the North Waziristan Agency,” he said. “The second largest increase was in Punjab where deaths from violence rose from 120 in 2013 to 309 in 2014. A part of the increased figures may be attributed to the Nov 2, 2014, bombing at the Wagah border which killed 60 people,” the official added. The report also said that the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa region witnessed a decrease in violence-related deaths — 945 in 2014 compared to 1,031 deaths in 2013. Gilgit-Baltistan saw the largest de-

crease in violence-related casualties from 20 in 2013 to just three in 2014. A total of 133 women and 270 children were also killed in violence of one form or another. About 40 schools and three colleges were also bombed while 26 principals, professors and teachers as well as 143 students were killed. The highest fatalities — 2,029 were witnessed in Karachi while North Waziristan Agency and Khyber Agency witnessed 1,825 and 1,187 deaths respectively. As many as 431 people were killed in Peshawar city and 170 in Quetta city. Just to put things into context, 21 people are killed in terror attacks everyday in Pakistan. Thats nearly one person every hour. Thats more than double the number of people killed on 9/11 and 7/7 anually just in Pakistan. Terrorism has no religion. The Islamic republic of Pakistan is paying heavily for western foreign policy misadventures.

Pakistan Army Leads World Forces With Zero-Percent Suicide Rate Battling the scourge of terrorism for over a decade, the Pakistan Army has remarkably maintained zero-percent suicide rate within its ranks and files. Suicide rate among the forces engaged in armed confrontation is increasing all over the world. According to a leading Indian daily, 597 Indian troops committed suicide from 2009 to 2013, which takes the annual tally to 120 soldiers a year in India. A British newspaper reports that 247 U.S. troops selfmurdered themselves in the year 2012 alone, while this year only 222 American troops were killed in the battlefield. The United States and

India have been taking serious measures to prevent suicide cases in their forces. Another British daily reported that in 2012, 50

serving or ex-army men self-destructed themselves. An Israeli newspaper reported that 10 Jew soldiers committed suicide in 2014, out of which 4 troops remained a part of the fifty-dayslong Israeli aggression on Palestine, which started in the month of July last year. The Israeli army comprises of a total of 187,000 regular troops. Colonel Shafique of the ISPR – military’s public relations wing – confirmed that not even a single Jawan of the Pakistan Army has ever committed suicide.

SHEFFIELD COUNCIL SNUBBED £2MILLION WITH TAX RISE Sheffield Council ‘turned down’ almost £2 million in Government cash by choosing to increase residents’ tax bills, Deputy Prime Minister and city MP Nick Clegg has said. In its proposed budget for 2015-16 – set to be agreed in March – the authority has planned to increase council tax by 1.99 per cent, ending a four-year freeze. The Government has offered councils an additional grant equivalent to a one per cent rise in

council tax to authorities who freeze bills. But the council said it will raise £1.3m over what it would get from the so-called ‘freeze grant’ by increasing bills, and that the tax rise will equate to 38p a week for most Sheffield households. However, Sheffield Hallam MP Mr Clegg has pointed to statistics which show the council would have received £1.97m – as a top-up to its block grant from central Government – if it had frozen tax.

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Dubai World’s Busiest International Airport Hub Heathrow Airport has expressed frustration after losing its crown as the world’s busiest hub to Dubai International. Dubai’s airport operator released figures showing that 70.5 million international passengers streamed through the rapidly expanding airport last year – a 6% rise on the 66.4 million recorded in 2013. The rapid growth puts Dubai, the main hub airport in the Gulf, squarely ahead of Heathrow for the first time. Heathrow reported earlier this year it handled 73.4 million people in 2014, but just 68.1 million of them were international passengers. “Britain has benefited from being home to the world’s largest port or airport for the last 350 years. But lack of capacity at Heathrow means we have inevitably lost our crown to Dubai. This highlights the pressing need to get on and expand our own hub, Heathrow, so that we can connect the whole of the UK to global growth.” Heathrow spokesman

The findings of the Airports Commission are due to be made public after the General Election. Dubai’s growth has been fuelled by its attractive global position between Asia and Europe and the surge in operations by its flag carrier, Emirates, which is now the world’s biggest international airline. Dubai’s new Al Maktoum International Airport – named after the ruling family – is also expanding at a rate of knots and has boasted it could potentially handle 200 million passengers per year in future. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport in the US remains the planet’s busiest passenger airport overall. “The shared goal is to make Dubai a global centre of aviation. We are nearing that goal thanks to an open skies policy, a friendly business environment [and] Dubai’s growing attractiveness as a centre for trade.” Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed Al Maktoum, chairman of Dubai Airports

7 Foods that help Burn Fat and lentils are packed full of iron and other nutrients. In fact, lentils actually contain 25 per cent more iron than spinach. Pulses are easy to make tasty and also contain a lot of fibre, to help keep your digestive system healthy and speed up your metabolism. Burning excess fat doesn’t mean padlocking the fridge and kitchen cupboards and throwing away the keys. Eating the right kinds of food can help you lose the weight you want without starving yourself. Drinking the likes of green tea and water can be great detoxifiers, but for those looking for a few more wholesome meals, then this is the article for you! Avocado Avocados are a great addition to a salad. One fifth of a medium sized avocado has only 50 calories. But it contains about 20 vitamins and minerals, including potassium and vitamin C. Furthermore, avocados improve the way that your body absorbs nutrients. This reduces cravings and helps to reduce hunger and overeating.

Cayenne Peppers For those who love their spices, cayenne peppers offer a tasty way to burn fat. Cayenne peppers capsicum which is a great fat burning substance. Capsicum gives the body a natural thermogenic boost, which increases metabolism, and encourages the body to burn fat for energy. Cayenne peppers can also stop cravings by decreasing your appetite and it slows the process of fat cells developing.

Cinnamon Cinnamon controls insulin levels, which in turn helps to regulate blood sugar. It is essential to avoid spikes in blood sugar levels as this can lead to the body storing fat. In addition, cinnamon helps to speed up your metabolism, particularly in breaking down sugars and carbohydrates. Eating cinnamon suppresses your appetite, as well Watermelon as making you feel fuller for longer. And probWatermelon is the perfect summer snack, as it ably best of all, cinnamon helps to burn belly fat! is filling, refreshing and tasty. It can help keep you cool and hydrated in the sun, and is only 30 Chia Seeds calories per 100g. It is a natural source of vita- Chia seeds are high in both protein and fibre, min A, C and is rich in electrolytes, which help which have both been shown to help with weight give you energy. Grab a slice for dessert or mid- loss. The fibre in the chia seeds absorbs large afternoon for a juicy treat. amounts of water and expands in the stomach. This contributes to the slow absorption of food, Almonds which increases your feeling of satiation, thereAlmonds have plenty of nutritional value, as they by reducing your appetite and intake of food. contain many vitamins such as vitamin B-6. They are also are rich in dietary fibre, which helps to speed up your metabolism. A serving of 30 g of almonds is 160 calories, but contains lots of enzymes which help to lower cholesterol and keep your heart healthy. They are great as a snack, or they can be toasted and sprinkled into your salads. You can even add them into your curries! Pulses Pulses like soya beans, kidney beans, chick peas

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Strategies To Counter High Blood Pressure High blood pressure or “hypertension” is responsible for approximately half of all strokes and heart attacks globally. It is one of the most common reasons for hospital and GP office visits in Pakistan. High blood pressure may remain undetected for years owing to the paucity of symptoms in most patients. That said, anyone with poorly treated or undiagnosed hypertension at least doubles his or her risk of developing stroke, heart disease and kidney failure — “the silent killer”. A successful treatment strategy begins with an accurate understanding of the mechanisms behind its causation, complications and proposed treatment plans. What exactly is “blood pressure”? “Blood pressure” is the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries (blood channels). It is always given as two numbers, the systolic (top number) and diastolic (bottom number) pressures. Each time the heart beats the blood pressure is at its highest and this measurement constitutes the “systolic” pressure whereas the “diastolic” reading indicates the pressure maintained in the arteries while the heart rests between beats. Both numbers are important. Your blood pressure is normal if it’s below 120/80 mm Hg .It is lowest while you sleep and rises with excitement and activity.

What causes a “high blood pressure”?

Majority of patients, in whom a specific cause cannot be identified, are labelled with “essential” or “primary” hypertension. Some people have “secondary” hypertension where the high blood pressure is a result of another medical problem or medication.

How does a high blood pressure affect us?

It is considered the most important risk factor for coronary artery (heart) disease, being more common than diabetes, cigarette smoking and high cholesterol levels. It can also lead to stroke, atrial fibrillation (irregular heart beat), vision loss, kidney damage, memory loss, erectile dysfunction and peripheral arterial disease (hardening of arteries outside the heart). If you are diagnosed with any type of high blood pressure, your doctor will review your medical history, conduct a physical examination and recommend routine tests, such as a urine test (urinalysis), blood tests and an electrocardiogram (ECG) — a test that measures the heart’s electrical activity. The doctor may also recommend additional tests, such as fasting cholesterol and sugar levels, a kidney ultrasound and an echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart).

What sort of symptoms will you typically feel with a high blood pressure? Although high blood pressure is a life threatening illness, symptoms don’t develop until our blood pressure becomes so high that the body cannot tolerate it. Therefore, we shouldn’t make the mistake of assuming that symptoms will alert us to a high blood pressure. Commonly reported symptoms are headaches (particularly at the back of the head and in the morning), dizziness, flushing, nose bleeds, faint-

ing episodes, tinnitus (buzzing or ringing in the ears) and impaired vision.

What are the factors that influence blood pressure?

High salt diet, family history (genetics), obesity, cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, decreased physical activity, stress, sleep apnea, old age, medications (steroids, birth control pills etc), narrowing of arteries that supply blood to the kidneys and hormone disorders (pituitary, thyroid, adrenal etc) are some of the factors that can affect your blood pressure.

What can we do to lower our blood pressure?

According to American Society of Hypertension (ASH), less than one third of high blood pressure patients are able to achieve the target blood pressure control. While there is no cure, high blood pressure is manageable and lifestyle changes form the fundamental basis of any blood pressure lowering plan.

DASH Diet or (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension):

Keeping fat intake under 27% of total calories, eating many servings of fruits and vegetables, choosing whole instead of processed grains, including low-fat or nonfat dairy products and small portions of poultry, fish, and nuts as your primary source of protein rather than red meat constitutes the DASH diet. Reduced dietary sodium/salt to less than 2,400 milligrams or about 1 teaspoon a day is a fundamental component of any DASH plan. These interventions can drop the systolic blood pressure by 7-12 mmHg points. High potassium foods: Addition of foods rich in potassium (e.g bananas, dairy products, salt substitutes etc) can help lower your blood pressure. “Commit to be fit” Engage in regular moderate intensity physical activity, such as brisk walking for at least 30 minutes per day. The best strategy is to mix multiple activities as it will help you stay motivated. Also, making it socially interactive by exercising with your spouse or friend helps keep interest. Regular aerobic exercise can decrease systolic blood pressure by 4-9 mmHg points. “Don’t wait to lose weight” A BMI more than 25 and a waist measurement of more than 35 inches in women and 40 inches in men is consistent with obesity (BMI stands for Body Mass Index, a numerical value of your weight in relation to your height). Hypertension is about twice as prevalent in the obese as compared to the non-obese. You should try to maintain a normal weight with a target BMI of 18.5 to 24.9. An analysis of 25 controlled studies showed approximately 1 mmHg drop in blood pressure for each kilogram lost. Maintaining weight loss over the long term can be difficult. Three keys to success are setting realistic goals, following a healthy diet, and aiming for 30 minutes of physical activity most days of the week. Tobacco consumption Smoking should be abandoned completely. High blood pressure medications If your blood pressure remains uncontrolled despite the lifestyle modifications and/or some of your body parts are showing affects of uncontrolled high blood pressure, you might need medications as well. Keeping notes, putting mobile phone alarms and friendly reminders from close relatives and friends can help you adhere to medication regimes. Managing blood pressure is a lifelong commitment. A key to improved blood pressure control is a good doctor-patient relationship. Adherence to lifestyle modifications and prescribed medications along with regular checkups with your doctor can help you trump the blood pressure menace.

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WICKET-KEEPERS WHO SHINED WITH THE BAT

Whether smashing bowlers all around the park or displaying lightning-fast reflexes behind the stumps, some of the world’s greatest wicketkeeper-batsmen have made their mark on the ICC Cricket World Cup stage. Here are the top 5 to have notched more than 200 runs and 10 dismissals in World Cup cricket.

1: Adam Gilchrist, Australia (1999, 2003 and 2007)

One of the most exhilarating and prolific players in cricket history, it’s no surprise that Adam Gilchrist sits on top of this list. The three-time World Cup winner played 31 matches between 1999 and 2007, scoring 1085 Cup runs and playing a hand in 52 dismissals, a reflection of Australia’s dominance of those three tournaments. The stand-out was Gilchrist’s performance in the 2007 final when he smashed 149 in a manof-the-match performance, while the ‘keeper’s best work with the gloves came against Namibia in 2003, when he took five catches and executed one stumping.

2: Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lanka (2003, 2007 and 2011)

Sri Lanka’s former captain could surpass Adam Gilchrist’s World Cup statistics when he heads to Australia and New Zealand for the 2015 tournament. Sangakkara has already played in 30 World Cup matches, scoring 991 runs at an average of 45.05. His best World Cup knock to date came against New Zealand in the 2011 tournament, when Sangakkara reached 111 off 128 balls. Other solid knocks during that tournament came against Canada (92), Australia (73*) and New Zealand (54). His 2007 tournament included four fifties, while the wicketkeeper has also taken 36 catches and 10 stumpings for a total of 46 dismissals throughout his World Cup career.

3: Rahul Dravid, India (1999, 2003 and 2007)

Rahul Dravid made a half-century in his World Cup debut against South Africa in 1999, setting the tone for what would be a happy relationship between the wicketkeeper-batsman and the tournament. His maiden World Cup hundred followed in the same tournament against Kenya and soon after became the first batsman to score back-to-back World Cup centuries against Sri Lanka. Dravid did the majority of his World Cup wicketkeeping during the 2003 tournament, and took 15 catches and one stumping. With the bat, he scored 860 runs in 22 matches at an impressive average of 61.43.

4: Andy Flower, Zimbabwe (1992, 1996, 1999, 2003)

Zimbabwe enjoyed its best ICC Cricket World Cup in 1999 thanks in large part to the work of Andy Flower, both in front of and behind the stumps. The prolific batsman played in four World Cups including the 1999 tournament that saw Zimbabwe upset India and South Africa as they advanced past the pool stage for the first time. Flower’s key knock from that World Cup was a match-winning 68* against India, while his other top tournament scores included an unbeaten 115 on debut against Sri Lanka in 1992, and 71 against Netherlands in 2003. He finished his World Cup career with 818 runs from 30 matches at 32.60, while behind the stumps he collected 11 catches and three stumpings.

5: Alec Stewart, England (1992, 1996 and 1999)

The highlight of Alec Stewart’s ICC Cricket World Cup career surely was his performance in the 1992 tournament when England met South Africa in the pool stage. England went into the match the favourites, but needed 226 from 41 overs after rain interrupted play.His 77 off 88 balls proved the differ-

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ence, helping England to a three-wicket victory. In another impressive performance at the same tournament saw Stewart score a speedy 59 off 36 balls against Sri Lanka. Stewart played 25 matches over three World Cups, scoring 606 runs at 28.86. His form behind the stumps saw him finish with 21 catches and two stumpings.

6: David Houghton, Zimbabwe (1983, 1987 and 1992)

David Houghton achieved a lot in his 63-match one-day international career with Zimbabwe, including representing his nation in three ICC Cricket World Cups. In 20 World Cup matches, the gloveman from Bulawayo was responsible for 12 dismissals, including 10 catches and two stumpings. He also scored 567 runs at 29.84, including a blazing 142 off 137 balls against New Zealand in 1987. Houghton’s knock brought Zimbabwe within a whisker of victory, but his team ultimately fell three runs short.

7: Kennedy Otieno, Kenya (1996, 1999, 2003)

Just Why Is Ronaldo World Number One Cristiano Ronaldo capped another year of indefatigable goalscoring exploits by retaining his FIFA Ballon d'Or trophy. The now three-time World Player of the Year scored 57 goals for club and country in 2014, adding four more trophies - including Real Madrid's 10th Champions League trophy to his collection. We recall some of the key moments from the last 12 months that helped Ronaldo keep his hands on football's top individual prize. February 11 - Getting straight back to recordbreaking business after clinching his second Ballon d'Or a month earlier, Ronaldo surpassed Luis Aragones' achievements in the history of Copa del Rey games between Real and Atletico Madrid by scoring a brace against the Rojiblancos. Aragones had scored five goals for Atletico but his record had remained unchallenged since the 1970s. More intriguingly Ronaldo's first goal in the derby, a penalty in the seventh minute, meant the Portuguese had scored in every possible minute of a 90-minute game.

Kennedy Otieno was a standout for Kenya in the 2003 ICC Cricket World Cup, playing every match and amassing 182 runs throughout the tournament. In his 20 World Cup matches between 1996 and 2003, Otieno scored 427 runs at an average of 22.47, with his best knock of 85 scored against Australia in the 1999 tournament. Not only did he impress with the bat during his World Cup career, Otieno’s work behind the stumps saw him take 11 catches and execute four stumpings. His most successful World Cup match with the gloves was against Bangladesh in 2003 when Otieno took two catches and two stumpings.

8: Niall O’Brien, Ireland (2007 and 2011)

This talented left-handed batsman and wicketkeeper has been an important part of Ireland’s two ICC Cricket World Cup campaigns to date. Playing alongside brother Kevin, Niall has appeared in 15 matches over two tournaments, amassing 421 runs at an average of 30.07. O’Brien’s best performance in the 2011 World Cup came in Ireland’s famous win over Pakistan when he scored 72, while he also hit 63 against England. His best knock of the 2011 tournament came against Netherlands when he scored an unbeaten fifty. O’Brien has been responsible for 13 dismissals in Cricket World Cups, including 12 catches and one stumping

9: Brendon McCullum, New Zealand (2003, 2007 and 2011)

Although New Zealand captain Brendan McCullum has hung up the keeping-gloves, fans will be able to see him blasting away at the top of the order for New Zealand in World Cup 2015. The powerful batsman has provided plenty of highlights in his 25 World Cup appearances to date, scoring 414 World Cup runs at 31.85, including scores of 76 not out against Zimbabwe and 101 against Canada – both in 2011. In 2007, he also hit the fastest World Cup fifty, off just 20 balls, against Canada. He has been part of 32 dismissals, taking 30 catches and two stumpings. On two occasions during the 2003 tournament, against England and West Indies, McCullum took four catches in the one innings.

May 24 - Ronaldo had been conspicuous by his absence from the scoresheet but it looked like Real had managed to do enough to thwart city rivals Atletico at the end of a dramatic Champions League final in Lisbon. However, he would make his mark in the 121st minute of play, scoring the penalty that made it 4-1 and rubberstamped 'La Decima'. It was also his 17th goal in that season's tournament, a new record. October 25 - An opening goal against title rivals Barcelona was Ronaldo's 15th in his last seven league games and broke a Real record set by Hungary great Ferenc Puskas in both the 195960 and 1960-61 campaigns. Puskas had scored 13 times through seven consecutive league games. December 6 - Ronaldo's 23rd hat-trick in Real colours, this time plundered at the expense of Celta Vigo, was not only a Primera Division record but meant the Portuguese had become the fastest player in La Liga history to score 200 goals. December 20 - His Barcelona rival Lionel Messi might have beaten him to the title of all-time Champions League goalscorer, but Ronaldo was hardly complaining when his 72nd Champions League goal - scored in a 4-0 thumping of Ludogorets boosted him beyond Real stalwart Raul's previous competition record. He is three goals behind Messi, but now only one Ballon d'Or behind the Argentinian.

Winter World Cup for 2022 The 2022 World Cup in Qatar looks increasingly likely to be played in November and December to avoid the region’s blazing summer heat, Asia’s football supremo said. Asian Football Confederation (AFC) president Sheikh Salman bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa, who heads the FIFA taskforce charged with investigating potential dates for the 2022 World Cup, told reporters in Sydney that it also made sense to avoid a calendar clash with the 2022 Winter Olympics. The sheikh added that his working group had decided that

a winter World Cup was in the best interests of all parties. FIFA president Sepp Blatter has acknowledged that the controversial 2022 World Cup cannot be played in its traditional June-July slot as average temperatures in Qatar soar to nearly 50ºC, raising health concerns. While a winter World Cup now looks likely, football’s world governing body has also been asked to consider a spring option, on the urging of European clubs who want to avoid clashing with the Champions League.

10: Mark Boucher, South Africa (1999, 2003 and 2007)

When talking about South Africa and wicketkeepers, Mark Boucher is one of the first names to spring to mind. The East London native played in three ICC Cricket World Cups, scoring 381 runs in his 25 matches at an average of 27.21. He comes in third on the list for most dismissals by a ‘keeper in World Cups, with his total of 31 only trailing Adam Gilchrist’s 52 and Kumar Sangakkara’s 46. Fans will remember Boucher’s best Cup knock, an unbeaten 75 against Netherlands in 2007 which saw him reach his half-century from 21 balls, the fastest fifty in a world cup at the time. Boucher also took four catches in South Africa’s famous tied semi-final against Australia in 1999.

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U.N. Cash To Repair Gaza Homes Will Run Out Soon The U.N. agency in charge of aiding Palestinians has said it will have run out of money by the end of January to repair homes in Gaza damaged in the 2014 war with Israel, worsening an already dire humanitarian situation. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) said it had received only $135 million of an estimated $720 million needed to rebuild and repair destroyed and damaged homes and for rent subsidies for people made homeless by the conflict. "Because of this shortfall, we're going to be forced to suspend the program by the end of the month,” UNWRA spokesman. "Our concern is the humanitarian impact this would have on the people of Gaza." The consequences of suspending the program would be dire as Gaza's 1.8 million people struggle to recover from last summer's fighting between Israel and Palestinian militants in the coastal enclave. The conflict damaged or destroyed more than 96,000 homes, more than double the original estimate, along with much of the tiny enclave's infrastructure, UNWRA said in December. More than 14,000 people driven from their homes by the conflict still live in schools run by UNWRA, while others live in makeshift shelters or prefabricated housing units, or homes so badly damaged that they are exposed to the elements. Heavy winter storms added to the suffering of the people of Gaza, especially as electricity, fuel and cooking gas are running short there, said an aid agency Oxfam's spokeswoman in Gaza.

"Many people are still displaced, many still lack heating and lighting and simply don’t live in adequate conditions, more than six months after the end of the war. The needs are much bigger than what is coming to Gaza in terms of aid and support," she said. International donors pledged $5.4 billion toward reconstruction last October but progress has been slow. While the number of people benefiting from reconstruction efforts is rising, progress is not fast enough. Aid workers said a blockade imposed on Gaza by Israel after the Islamist movement Hamas won power there in elections in 2006 is a big obstacle to their efforts. Both Egpyt and Israel continue to impose tight controls on the movement of goods and people in and out of Gaza, so not enough building materials can be brought in to speed up reconstruction, aid workers said. Apart from housing, repairs to Gaza’s creaking water supply network are also desperately needed as more than 90 percent of water in the territory has been classified as unfit for human consumption.

Pakistan Bans Haqqani Network Pakistan has banned the Jamaat-ud Dawa (JuD) and the Haqqani network after the US insisted it do so, a media report said. The Pakistani government took action against militant organisations without making a distinction between the good Taliban and the bad Taliban after the attack on the Army Public School in Peshawar Dec 16 by Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan, the report said. Apart from Haqqani network and JuD, the ministry has also banned Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami, Harkat-ul-Mujahi¬deen, Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation, Ummah Tameer-i-Nau, Haji Khairullah Hajji Sattar Money Exchange, Rahat Limited, Roshan Money Exchange, Al Akhtar Trust, Al Rashid Trust. The official said the government had already directed the departments concerned to take immediate steps to freeze the assets of the banned outfits. The Haqqani Network, founded by Jalaluddin Haqqani, has been blamed for some of the most heinous attacks on the US-led foreign forces in Afghanistan. It was designated as a terrorist organisation by the US in September 2012. The US and India have both always considered JuD, run by Hafiz Mohammad Saeed, a sister organisation of the banned Lashkar-e-Taiba, a militant outfit blamed for masterminding the 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai.

Tower Bridge In the second half of the 19th century, increased commercial development in the East End of London led to a requirement for a new river crossing downstream of London Bridge. A traditional fixed bridge could not be built because it would cut off access by tall-masted ships to the port facilities in the Pool of London, between London Bridge and the Tower of London. A Special Bridge or Subway Committee was formed in 1877, opened the design of the crossing to public competition. Over 50 designs were submitted and it was not until 1884 that a design submitted by Sir Horace Jones, the City Architect (who was also one of the judges), was approved. Tower Bridge (built 1886–1894) is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London which crosses the River Thames. It is close to the Tower of London, from which it takes its name, and has become an iconic symbol of London. The bridge is 800 feet (244 m) in length with two towers each 213 feet (65 m) high. Its levers can be raised to an angle of 86 degrees to allow river traffic to pass. The bridge consists of two towers tied together at the upper level by means of two horizontal walkways, designed to withstand the horizontal forces exerted by the suspended sections of the bridge on the landward sides of the towers. The total cost of construction was £1,184,000 (equivalent to £118 million in 2015). The bridge's present colour scheme dates from 1977, when it was painted red, white and blue for Queen Elizabeth II's silver jubilee. Originally it was painted a mid-greenish-blue colour.

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PROPERTY CORNER

DEVELOPMENT & DEVELOPERS

Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son Over the last few months I have been asked by a ing a house for themselves. If the experience number of people about Development and how goes well this will normally kick-start a passion for development. I have come across many peoto get active in this market as a developer. ple who have began their developer life in this Firstly what is Development?. It can be any of way. You are entering the development world when the following: you start building multiple units. Many people associate development with house building. This Purchase of Residential Property is only one part. Development includes building It is an area readers will be familiar with. There industrial units, shopping malls, offices, leisure are many programmes on television where some- properties and many more. one buys a property, possibly at auction, which is The important point is you need a good solid in need of refurbishment. It will generally need a development team around you who are able to programme of works to modernise the property. advise you in the right direction. If you don't This can be cosmetic works such as a new kitch- have such a team then the pitfalls are many. en, bathroom with a general amount of upgrad- One example I came across some years ago was ing. On the other hand it may need structural the sale of a single building which was bought at auction. The buyer work and refurbishment. It is very important before you contemplate such did not read the legal a venture you take all the necessary profession pack or take advice. advise. There are many people who believe this His ambition was is a simple concept who end up in a terrible tan- to build a house but there was gle. If you get the correct advice, with a realistic ex- one big issue, pectation of return, this is a simple way of enter- he needed to divert a ing the Development world. public sewer making the Land Development whole project It is a discipline where you do need some experi- completely non ence and a good professional team around you. viable. I can talk Typically this may include an architect, planner, about many other exchartered surveyor, solicitor, building and a good amples but it is sufficient to say you need to be aware of financial advisor. The journey normally starts with identifying a many potential difficulties that lie under the piece of land. Typically people will start by ac- land. quiring a single building plot with a view to build-

experience and advisor's who are familiar with the concept of developing such projects.

Offices In many northern towns and cities the demand for offices is not as great as it is in the south. The trend which is attracting developers is to refurbish these into residential apartments. It is a phenomenon that has attracted a lot of developers. Generally speaking these buildings have good footplate's that lend themselves to residential conversion. If you take a look around your locality you will see many such developments taking place. Again this requires an a c co m p l i s h e d developer to tackle such a project.

having a tremendous amount of experience. You will spot particularly in the auction room sites with potential subject to planning. It is clear that you will need to steer such sites through a pre development process.

I have tried to outline development in its popular format. There are many other forms but a short article cannot begin to address such a substantial Public topic. One fact is for sure, you will need planning Houses permission for development which means familiarity with the planning process. This is a must In the last few before you enter this area of property. Also an years many pubs understanding of legal documentation. have closed which have attracted the devel- Development is certainly an exciting part of the opers attention. They generally property market and will become infectious once have a good plot size and lend themselves to you enter into it but do take advice. be converted to convenience stores, residential, restaurants and many other uses. It needs an experienced developer's eye to spot Mohammed Mahroof Bsc (Hons) MRICS Industrial Units such opportunities and then a vision through a 28 January 2015 In recent times the demand strong team to bring into reality. for units has increased and because there has been lit- Land acres of opportunity tle building to cater for this developers are beginning to Professional land enter the market. The key as buyers will speculate ever is to identify a good lo- on land that does cation which should be close not have any specific to communication links. planning consent The demand has to be backed with a view to gainup with a good needs analy- ing valuable planning sis and marketing campaign. permission. Clearly Therefore, anyone wishing this is an area you to enter this market needs should not get ina considerable amount of volved in without

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Child Labour In Our Society And Civil Society’s Role

Eleven New 20 Mph Speed Limit Areas Announced

Mohammed Nazir Sheffield620@gmail.com

Young children are under tough conditions although in this age they should attend the schools and academies for their formal education. Government should concentrate on the surroundings and the society that young children should be attending the school as compulsory duty. I can understand that families are under economic restraints and difficulties that Why these young children are working for their families to fulfil their economic needs. It is not acceptable at any level and federal government and provincial governments in Pakistan should help the poor and needy families so rather than these children should work under the difficult situations and this is the ideal age for them to attend academies and schools and they are real future of Pakistan . In the last few years results children from poorer backgrounds have passed these exams with flying colours and even they have obtained positions in the o levels and A levels examinations. In this scenario the civil society and specially educated people can play a vital role to help the government to set up the academies and schools and the these children can attend in the evenings education and at the same time could also participate in the practical training session for technical skills courses so they can learn the practical skills and at the same time they should learn for almost education. That a young boy is selling some items as a hawker to fulfil the economic needs of his family but at the same time this child's presence is asking so many questions form us as a citizen. This child should attend formal education and I'm sure in this image rather than selling these items he should be an academy or a school to fulfil his educational needs rather than selling these items in the streets ..... are you writing this short note for my friends

society and our government to think upon this the toll we can eliminate this child labour within our society and this is question mark ""?"" For us and this is a question for all of us that how we can help the society to eliminate the child labour with in Pakistan and all over the world. As a society we should think about all those backgrounds questions difficulties economic needs and compilations, compulsions of these families that why these children are not attending the schools and academies and they are becoming the young labourers rather then good student and bright future of our country and society... I think all the citizens’ surroundings government federal government and local government and people who can afford it should come forward and help these families to educate these poor children and I'm sure we can take some steps to minimise and eliminate this difficult bad patch. And if you have any suggestions and any ideas please share with me thank you very much. Writer has written this short article upon his recent visit of Pakistan

Eleven new 20 mph areas are being introduced to improve safety around schools and residential areas in Sheffield. The first seven areas were introduced during the financial years 2013/14 and a further seven areas are being implemented in 2014/15. Prior to the adoption of the Sheffield 20mph Speed Limit Strategy, a further 24 large and 10 small traffic-calmed 20mph zones were established, the smaller ones generally resulting from planning conditions placed on new housing developments. It is currently anticipated that a similar number of sign-only 20mph speed limits will have been implemented by the end of the 2015/16 financial year. Taken together this represents about a third of the residential streets in the city.

British Gas Owner Centrica Reduces Annual Bills By £37 With 5% Price Cut British Gas is to cut household gas bills by 5% - an annual average saving of £37. The energy firm, owned by Centrica, said the move will benefit 6.8 million customers. The reduction in tariffs, being introduced from 27 February, comes after “Big Six” rival E.On cut the price of gas by 3.5% last month. British Gas said the cut reflected the recent fall in wholesale gas prices. Energy suppliers have come under pressure from politicians and regulators to pass on lower costs to customers.

Terrorism in Peshawar all. The Almighty has ordained in the Holy Quran that the ‘mushriks’, ‘munafiqeen’ and those Muslims who kill other innocent Muslims will go to hell and will live therein forever, and it will be a dreadful penalty. I shudder to think of the punishment that awaits these so-called Muslims, mujahids and momnis who indulge in such heinous crimes against innocent people. Why do our religious scholars, maulvis and muftis not warn them of the horrible consequences of their cruel acts?

The terrorist attack on the Army Public School in Peshawar on December 16 in which more than When people take certain things for granted and 130 young, innocent students were martyred, cross a certain limit, there is usually a strong reacwas cruel and conscienceless. tion. The action being taken by the armed forces is now totally justified. The terrorists asked for Many of those who died could have played an im- it. The reason behind the despicable acts that portant role in the shaping of the destiny of Paki- have taken place in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa recently stan. It was a horrendous, barbaric act to which are due to the fact that terrorists are freely opno parallel can be found in recent history. It was erating in Afghanistan as well as absence of seall the more painful because we were already re- curity measures in Peshawar due, in part, to membering the most tragic day of our history – Imran Khan’s sit-ins in Islamabad. The CM of KP, the surrender at Pattan Maidan, Dhaka when our together with many other officials, were ‘attendeastern wing became Bangladesh. December 16 ing’ to their ‘captain’, while a large number of KP is one of the darkest days in our history and this police were also on duty in Islamabad. It is most dastardly act has added salt to our wounds. unfortunate that, in a backward, underdeveloped country like ours, thousand of youngsters were When Musharraf surrendered the sovereignty of incited to waste hundreds of millions of man Pakistan to Bush after a single telephone call, he hours in such a useless activity. Many young stuturned our armed forces into mercenaries of the dents found a good reason to neglect their studUS. Most people disapproved and hated him for ies. It has become a colossal national loss. throwing our country into an American war. The Americans used their drones with impunity, kill- The KP government was aware that after the ing hundreds of our innocent citizens. Once the targeting of a church in Peshawar in which more Taliban had been pushed out of Afghanistan into than 200 Christians were killed terrorists could Pakistan, they turned on us with a vengeance, strike again. The killing of innocent school chilthanks in part to Musharraf’s course of action dren is an unpardonable crime and the culprits against Lal Masjid. deserve no leniency or mercy. They must be eliminated once and for all. Terrorists have no kindSo many horrendous events have taken place that ness in their hearts and it looks like they are beit is difficult to mention, or even remember, them ing trained in the same way as Hassan Bin Sabbah

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The 20 mph speed limits are being introduced in appropriate residential areas rather than along individual roads. Classified roads, major bus routes and roads with an existing speed limit of 40 mph or more would generally not be subject to the new limit. Entrances to each 20 mph area will be marked by speed limit signs and road markings, with additional small signs mounted on lamp posts within the area to remind drivers of the new limit. Pupils from the schools have received road safety lessons and have been involved in designing banners to remind motorists to take extra care when driving in the 20 mph areas. A publicity campaign to raise awareness amongst local residents and motorists who drive through the 20 mph areas has been launched by the Council.

British Gas said most of the gas currently being used in customers’ homes was bought at higher prices over 2013/14, but wholesale costs for 2015 were now coming down to a level where the reduction could be passed on. It said it would be keeping prices under review “for further movements up or down”. “It’s welcome to see British Gas cutting prices. We’ll continue to encourage energy firms to pass on falls in wholesale prices to customers.” Prime Minister David Cameron

Dr A Q Khan

used to intoxicate and train his disciples in a fake officers have brought a bad name to this fine inparadise. Deaf, dumb and blind are those who fall stitution. into such traps. There are many players who have contributed The sit-ins organised by Dr Qadri and Imran Khan to the malaise of this country. Religious leaders played an indirect role in these tragic events. The (through sectarianism), political leaders, landconcentration of the whole government machin- lords, industrialists, rulers, generals, intellectuals ery (administration, police, intelligence agencies, – all have a share in the creation of such a pitiable etc), was shifted to Islamabad, leaving an open condition in the country. They have all made tall playground for terrorists. Most Pakistanis were claims in one way or another and then let personaware that these sit-ins would cause a lot of in- al interests take priority over national interests. convenience without achieving much. We have meanwhile heard dozens of ultimatums, all of The late ameer of the Jamaat-e-Islami, Qazi Hussain Ahmed, was a dear friend. He was a knowlwhich evaporated into thin air. edgeable and well-educated man. We often disThe ‘captain’ told us the umpire would raise his cussed politics and religion. I often told him that index finger last Saturday. We waited in anticipa- the Jamaat had done great harm, both to the tion, nothing came our way. Dr Qadri, Imran Khan country and to the party, by joining politics. They and their colleagues should sit down together should have concentrated on national character and evaluate the overall result of this exercise in building to get rid of corruption, adulteration, futility – its pros and cons and the commercial sectarianism, lying, cheating, dirtiness, etc. Had damage done. To me it seems like an exercise our people been honest and patriotic, no wrong done in bad taste. Personally I am in favour of an ruler could have risen to power and our country amendment to the constitution prohibiting such would have been in a much better condition. Unsit-ins and shut-downs in major cities, especially fortunately, the desire for power and the wish to on main roads. Large gatherings should be held in rule overrules everything else. People think correction starts at the top, but it is much more pragparks and playgrounds only. matic to start changes from the grassroots level. The only positive that has come out of this horrendous event is that there is a consensus, on a My humble advice to all Pakistanis – read the national level, between politicians and the armed Quran carefully and with translation. Note what forces, that terrorism must be handled with an has been ordained and the punishments foretold iron hand. It is ironic that such a horrendous for transgressions. The end often comes suddenly event was required to achieve this. Why are poli- from an unknown direction from which there is ticians so selfish and self-centred? The army chief no hiding. The 2004 tsunami, earthquakes and has made in very clear that no more nonsense floods are but a few vivid examples. Live your will be tolerated and that terrorism will be elimi- lives in accordance with what the Quran has ornated from the country. Only the army – not the dained and in a manner as if life may end tomorpolice – can eliminate this menace. Most jawans row. are patriotic, dedicated and honest. Only a few

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What Education Should Teach Us so-called “real world.” We also have bosses who will have expectations and projects that will entail instructions and deadlines that we are required to meet. In this way, education institutions do prepare us for work. And because of this, many deem that the sole intrinsic value of education is to prepare the individual to be a productive member of society in the workplace. But this positioning of education as solely a preparatory period for a working life is inadequate. Education should teach us more than the rules and regulations of becoming a productive worker. Education should teach us how to engage in critical thinking and discourse of who we are as individuals and in relation to the community – the local one we find ourselves in, and the world at large. Education should provide us with the framework for how we choose to participate in society beyond the function of being a worker. This participation should extend to how we arrive at our political and religious constructs, how we choose to consume products and services, and how we choose to interact on a daily basis with the world around us. It is true that Western hegemony has essentially framed the education process, and as a result, it has become an extension of capitalism. And as an extension ‘the intrinsic value of of capitalism, the process has become a education is not that it is a means to a real outcome. In the liberal means to any one end, but arts, we are taught that something is real that it is an end in itself’ if it is real in its consequences. And the consequences of education can be a job in our chosen field, a promotion, a title, etc. These are all good things and we should tions and systems. We have schedules and be allowed to want them. But if our edudeadlines once we begin our lives in the cation endeavours are only for these sole As we reflect back on our upbringing many of us can evaluate that education isn’t something you went to school and “did” for a couple of hours a day – it was and is a part of our identity, it shapes the way we think and feel and believe; education is a vocation. The way we all perceive education tends to differ from popular notions and messages of what education is, does, or should do for the individual. Firstly, what do we think when we hear, “education?” Many of us envision the process of schooling where we acquire knowledge in the classroom where our ability to retain, reproduce, and sometimes reframe that knowledge is tested. And as we pursue higher levels of the education process, we move up a structural hierarchy where the knowledge acquisition process is more complex, and there is an expectation that beyond reproducing knowledge, we will adopt critical thinking of any acquired knowledge. This process, filled with instruction, and instructors, tests, and schedules, and deadlines, in a sense prepares us for organizing beyond the education institu-

palpable purposes and our acquisition of knowledge doesn’t challenge our beliefs

‘Western hegemony has essentially framed the education process, and as a result, it has become an extension of capitalism’

and question our realities, then don’t believe we have received an education; we may have received a degree, but not an education. Education should be an endeavour in which the learner receives knowledge and encounters and experiences a change in how he or she perceives the world. Education should teach us to be more open-minded, in the sense of wanting to understand better those around us who do not share our viewpoints of the world. Education should teach us to be more conscious of how much good we can do, and to feel a responsibility to leave the world a better place than we found it. Education should lead us to seek more than we find, and to be content even when we do not find at all. Education should teach us to treat each other better because we should understand each other better as a consequence of it. Education should teach us all these things and more because the intrinsic value of education is not that it is a means to any one end, but that it is an end in itself.

Pakistan Opposes UN Council Permanent Seat To India Pakistan has reiterated its opposition to grant a permanent seat on UN Security Council to India and insisted on reforms to make the forum more democratic. Pakistan contested the Indian move after US President Barack Obama announced support for India to seek permanent Security Council’s seat during his recent visit to New Delhi. Foreign ministry spokesperson Tasnim Aslam said India did not “qualify to become a permanent member of UNSC because of its violations of UN resolutions”. “India is in violation of the UN Security Council resolutions on Jammu and Kashmir and the right of people of Kashmir to self-determination”. The spokesperson, however, said Pakistan supported reforms in the UN as “it is in the interest of everyone to seek more democratic, effective and credible mechanism of the maintenance

of international peace and security through a comprehensive reform of the Security Council”. Pakistan has shown serious concerns over the deal as it would badly affect the stability in the region. India’s massive acquisition of weapons further complicates the regional strategic stability with defence spending increasing by 12 percent in 201415 and now standing at $38.35 billion. India has been the top buyer of arms for the last three years. Aslam said Pakistan has been proposing a three-pronged Strategic Restraint Regime to India that include conflict resolution, nuclear and missile restraint and conventional balance. “Pakistan firmly believes that confidencebuilding and arms reduction in the regional and sub-regional context to be of paramount importance,” she added.

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think The increase of broadband rollout and the growth of WiFi in public spaces is providing society with the huge benefit of access to the Internet quickly and easily. But not all WiFi is as secure as we might think it is. Europol’s Cybercrime Division warns that attacks are rising on public WiFi and are a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data. to steal information, identity or passwords and money from the users who use public or insecure wi-fi connections. The important thing is to distinguish if the public WiFi you are using is secure and not public. When you connect to it, if it requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

AMIR KHAN TO FACE LUIS COLLAZO

An explosive matchup of our very own world-class fighter, Amir Khan is happening in May. The British superstar and former Unified Super Lightweight World Champion Amir “King” Khan will face current WBA International Welterweight champion Luis Collazo in the 12 round event. "I'm looking forward to fighting in Las Vegas once again, and my intention on May 3 is to make a statement that I belong on this big stage," said Khan. "Luis Collazo might be coming off of a big win, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this challenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one of the best welterweights in the sport." A British standout who represented his nation in the 2004

Olympic Games, where he won a silver medal, Bolton's Amir "King" Khan (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost his title by way of a controversial decision to Lamont Peterson in 2011. Winner of two straight over Carlos Molina and Julio Diaz since, the flashy, flamboyant 27-year-old boxer-puncher is now campaigning at welterweight, where he seeks championship gold once again.

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ILM

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