August Edition 2018 ilmnews

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Brexit Plan Would Cost £500 Per Person Annually

The government's official plan for the post-Brexit economy would leave a major dent in Britain's national income equivalent to about £500 a year per person, a leading think tank has warned. In the first major assessment of the potential economic impact of the government's white paper plans for post-Brexit arrangements, the National Institute of Economic and Social Research calculated UK gross domestic product would be 2.5% smaller over the next decade than if the UK chose a "soft Brexit" similar to Norway's relationship with the EU. The calculation underlines that while some commentators have styled the so-called Chequers deal as a soft Brexit, it will nonetheless leave the UK considerably weaker than the status quo. The the plan is also likely to push up inflation by around 1.4%, due to a further fall in the pound. Meanwhile, a Sky Data poll reveals 78% think the government is doing a bad job on Brexit. The survey reveals: :: The government is haemorrhaging trust regarding the Brexit negotiations :: Two-thirds of the public - including a majority of Leave voters - now think the outcome of Brexit negotiations will be bad for Britain :: A significant increase in the proportion who think Brexit will negatively affect themselves personally, the economy and the country overall :: Most people would like to see a referendum asking between the deal suggested by the government, no deal, and remaining in the EU.

Congestion Crisis The number of vehicles on the country's roads has soared by nearly 2.5 million during the last five years, sparking warnings of a growing congestion crisis. The 7.7% increase in traffic, up from from 29.7 million in 2013 to 32.2 million last year, comes as the amount of "road space" rose by just 0.6% (1,119 miles) over the same period. There are now 170 vehicles per mile of road, compared to 158 five years ago, according to the Local Government Association (LGA). The organisation, which represents 370 councils across Eng-

land and Wales, said UK drivers wasted an average of 31 hours in rush-hour traffic last year, at a cost of £1,168 to each motorist. It is calling for 2p per litre of existing fuel duty to be put into local roads maintenance to help tackle a £9.3bn backlog of repairs. Motorists are now attempting to avoid urban bottlenecks by switching to longer, rural routes. Data from the Department for Transport found that traffic levels on Britain's urban A roads had fallen by 1% since 2012 while usage of rural A roads was up by 12.8%.

READ INSIDE 70 Years of the NHS Page 6

Philosophy Corner Page 8

Dissociative Identity Disorder

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A New Change for Pakistan Page 18

Cut Piece Page 22-23


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Changes To Sheffield Recycling Services Changes to recycling services in Sheffield are being introduced across the city throughout August to October. Sheffield City Council and Veolia will roll out changes to recycling services with a new brown bin to replace the current blue boxes. Black bin collections will not be affected by the changes to recycling bins and will continue to be collected every two weeks. The blue and new brown bins will have their own separate collection days. When the changes are introduced existing blue bins will be used for card and paper and the new larger brown bins (which are the same size as the black bin) will be used for plastic bottles, cans and glass. All residents will be notified of how these changes will affect the way they handle their waste and recycling, with leaflets going out to all households and notices being placed on bins. The changes, which were approved at Cabinet in January 2017, will be introduced in two stages for the north and south of the city. Leaflets and other communications will start going out to residents this week, explaining the changes and the phased approach to implement them. Each household will be given a collection calendar at the same time as the brown bin is delivered and the council is inviting residents to sign up for email alerts for service updates. Under the new service a bin will be emptied every week on the same day from each household. The four weekly pattern for collections will be black bin, blue bin, black bin, brown bin. This means the black bin will be emptied once every two weeks, the blue and brown bin will be emptied once every four weeks. The obsolete blue boxes can be retained by households for personal use, such as planters, toy boxes and garden storage containers, however those who don’t want to keep them can take them to a Household Waste Recycling Centre. Any collected blue boxes will be recycled. The benefits of replacing the blue box with a brown bin include: increased capacity for paper and card recycling tidier storage of recycled materials reduces litter blown from boxes easier handling of bin than blue box annual waste management saving of £750,000 The annual waste management saving of £750,000 is made possible through more efficient collections. Collecting just one type of waste means that specialist collection vehicles are no longer required. The new vehicles will have increased collection capacity and they will only need to take recycling to one location each week. This means that collections are quicker to complete and fewer vehicles are needed.

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Are You Licensed To Rent? All landlords in certain parts of London Road, Abbeydale Road and Chesterfield Road are being urged to apply now for a licence so that they can continue to rent out their properties to tenants. The new Selective Licensing scheme which comes into effect from 1st November 2018 means that landlords must have a licence for every private rented property they control. The scheme is designed to make sure that landlords can only rent out properties of a satisfactory standard, and that they manage them well. Many properties in the area are in need of repair and maintenance. In the past three years the council has been working intensively in the London Road, Abbeydale Road and Chesterfield Road areas as a result of increased complaints and referrals. Landlords who the council understands own private rented property within the Selective Licensing area will receive a licence application form by post in August. If landlords who

own property in the area do not receive an application form in the post they should contact the council on the telephone number below. Landlords must submit a valid application before the 1st November 2018. The application form comes with clear guidance notes to allow for easy and correct completion. There will be a 2 stage fee, with £500 paid at the time of application. If the forms are fully and correctly completed and all requested documents are included and valid there will be a second payment of £250. Landlords that do not fully and correctly complete the form, do not provide all documentation required, or provide fraudulent information, will have a higher second payment of £500 to pay. Those that do not apply at all, or who have to be chased, will pay a total of £1,500. In addition, landlords that don’t comply will be liable for prosecution (as it will be a criminal offence) and/or financial penalties. The Selective Licensing scheme is being implemented after a period of consultation with

landlords, tenants, residents and business in the area. Councillor Jim Steinke, Cabinet Member for Neighbourhoods and Community Safety said: “It’s our responsibility to make sure that all private sector tenants live in homes that are well-cared for and safe and that’s why this selective licensing scheme is so important – we’re asking landlords to apply for their licences as soon as they can so that things run smoothly for both landlords and tenants in the area. “We’ve seen good progress with some landlords who have worked with us voluntarily to make significant improvements to the safety and standard of their properties. “We want all properties out there to provide a safe environment, which people want to live in. No-one wants to be chasing their landlord every five minutes because the property they live in is not up to the mark.”

People With Hidden Disabilities To Benefit From Blue Badges Blue Badge scheme to be extended to hidden disabilities, including autism and mental health conditions. Blue Badge scheme to be extended to people with ‘hidden’ disabilities Biggest overhaul to the system in 40 years, offering accessible parking for people who find travel difficult part of the government’s drive to build a society that works for all People with hidden disabilities, including autism and mental health conditions will soon have access to Blue Badges, removing the barriers many face to travel. The Blue Badge scheme already means those with physical disabilities can park closer to their destination than other drivers, as they are less able to take public transport or walk longer distances. In the biggest overhaul to the scheme since the 1970s, this will now be extended to those with less visible conditions early next year. Blue badges are a lifeline for disabled people, giving them the freedom and confidence to

get to work and visit friends independently. The changes announced will ensure that this scheme is extended equally to people with hidden disabilities so that they can enjoy the freedoms that many of us take for granted. The new criteria will extend eligibility to people who: cannot undertake a journey without there being a risk of serious harm to their health or safety or that of any other person (such as young children with autism) cannot undertake a journey without it causing them very considerable psychological distress have very considerable difficulty when walking (both the physical act and experience of walking) The changes follow an 8-week consultation and are part of the government’s drive for greater parity between physical and mental health conditions. Although people with non-physical disabilities are not excluded from receiving a Blue Badge, the current rules are open to interpretation. The new criteria will give clear and consist-

Funding Bid Rejected For Sheffield Social Housing Sheffield Council has been told it will not be eligible to borrow additional funding to invest in social housing after having its application to a government scheme rejected. Councillor Jim Steinke, cabinet member for neighbourhoods and community safety, said the rejection is based on old data and the Council is seeking to challenge the assessment. Local authorities have had freedom and flexibility to develop new homes within their Housing Revenue Account since 2012. At the same time, limits were placed on the amount of ‘headroom’ (extra financial borrowing) that each local authority could use to spend on housing. The Government introduced these limits to control public sector borrowing in the context of tackling the financial deficit. Local authorities collectively had £3.5 billion borrowing headroom in 2016/17, but this was not spread evenly. Some local authorities, with little or no borrowing headroom, have found it difficult to finance the building of new council housing or to replace homes sold under the Right to Buy scheme. The Government recently announced a £1 billion scheme to allow Council’s in England and Wales to increase the amount of borrowing they undertake to fund new Council housing schemes. The bidding prospectus says that local authorities in areas of high affordability pressure will be able to bid for additional borrowing to build social rented housing, affordable rented housing, sheltered housing or supported housing. High affordability pressure areas are defined as those ‘where there is a difference of £50, or more, per week between average social and private rents at the local authority level’. Sheffield City Council put in a bid for a share of the funding and invested a considerable amount of time working with the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MCHLG) to open up opportunities for the council to borrow money to build more homes in the city. However Sheffield has not been included on this list of eligible bidders.

ent guidelines on Blue Badge eligibility for the whole of England. The Blue Badge announcement will make a massive difference to the lives of many of the 600,000 autistic people in England, and their families. Just leaving the house is a challenge for many autistic people, involving detailed preparation – and sometimes overwhelming anxiety about plans going wrong. And some autistic people might not be aware of the dangers of the road or become overwhelmed by busy or loud environments. The possibility of not being able to find a parking space near where you’re going can mean you can’t contemplate leaving the house at all. The government recently set out its plans to improve accessibility across all modes of transport in the Inclusive Transport Strategy which launched on 25 July 2018. The strategy aims to make the UK’s transport network fully inclusive by 2030.

Drivers Splashing Pedestrians Face Fines Of Up To £5,000 After the heatwave – which saw the country bake in temperatures of up to 35C – finally eased, widespread showers have caused some localised flooding. Motorists must be careful when driving on wet roads, particularly as splashing could see them slapped with a public order offence, on top of the hefty fine. Under section three of the Road Traffic Act 1988, it is illegal to splash someone as it amounts to driving “without reasonable consideration for other persons.” Those found guilty of deliberately driving through puddles and splashing pedestrians will likely be hit with a £100 fixed penalty notice and three penalty points if caught by police. However, should motorists be deemed to be driving in a manner that “amounts to a clear act of incompetence, selfishness, impatience, and aggressiveness” then the maximum punishment of a £5,000 fine could be levelled. If drivers fail to pay the £100 fixed penalty or refuse the penalty notice they could also face the maximum £5,000 fine if the case is taken to court. The fine would then likely be appropriate to the level of distress caused, which would help send out a clear message to other drivers that this sort of behaviour is not acceptable.

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Extreme Global Weather The northern hemisphere's suffering from a heatwave like no other at the moment, as we know. Wildfires across Greece, Sweden and America just some of the countries affected whilst Japan, the UK and the rest of Europe are struggling with high temperatures. So is it a passing phenomenon or if it's the start of a permanent change of weather patterns? A weakening of the jet stream is keeping large portions of hot air, basically anticyclones, stable in the same areas: Japan, Canada, California and Northern Europe, Scandinavia and the UK. Another consequence of the weakening of the jet stream is the high water temperature of the North Atlantic. So if we start considering this phenomenon as a global one then we realize

that something is actually changing In a climate change regime, which will increasingly change the average temperature of the planet, this kind of phenomena can occur with increasing frequency and, what's worse, even with greater effects. Countries must take responsibility of reducing climate change. Obviously, States bear great responsibility. They must work hard to implement the Paris agreements and this means working decisively on climate change mitigation. This can only happen by massively reducing greenhouse gas emissions, first and foremost Co2. This means working on the way of producing energy, renewable energy. Another fundamental aspect is energy efficiency.

People, Population And Community New analysis from the Office for National Statistics published shows that there are over half a million people in the UK experiencing the poorest levels of personal well-being. This means they have poor ratings across all four personal well-being measures: life satisfaction, feeling that the things they do in life are worthwhile, happiness and anxiety. The most significant factor associated with poorest personal well-being is having ‘bad’ or ‘very bad’ health – those people are almost 14 times more likely to report the poorest personal well-being than those with ‘very good’ or ‘good’ health. ONS also found that disabled people were almost twice as likely as non-disabled people to report poor personal well-being across all the measures.

Supreme Court Backs Agreed End-Of-Life Decisions Legal permission will no longer be required to end care for patients in a long-term permanent vegetative state, the Supreme Court has ruled. It will now be easier to withdraw food and liquid to allow such patients to die across the UK. When families and doctors are in agreement, medical staff will be able to remove feeding tubes without applying to the Court of Protection. The judge ruled there was no violation under the Human Rights Convention. But anti-assisted dying campaigners said vegetative patients are "effectively going to be starved and dehydrated to death". The Court of Protection has ruled on cases for 25 years but the process can take months or years, and it costs health authorities about £50,000 in legal fees to lodge an appeal. The ruling could have an impact on the thousands of families whose loved ones are in a vegetative state. There is estimated to be 1,500 new cases each year in England and Wales which would be affected, with about 3,000 of these patients alive at any one time. For years - so long as relatives agree, and it's in the best interests of a patient in a minimally conscious or vegetative state - doctors have been able to withdraw all sorts of treatment that will result in the end of someone's life. These include, for instance, the withdrawal of lifesaving dialysis. Doctors do not need the permission of a court to be able to do this. However, withdrawing food and water - the most basic requirements for life - has been handled differently. It has been regarded as a matter of practice that doctors must seek the approval of a court, even when they and relatives agree withdrawal would be in the best interests of the patient. It has been treated as an exception, in part, perhaps, because of the emotional and psychological significance of the decision to remove sustenance from a person.

This has resulted, some experts believe, in individuals spending longer on life support in a vegetative state than was necessary because hospitals have shied away from going to court due to the expense and bureaucracy involved. The ruling makes clear that courts need not be involved in these sorts of cases, so long as doctors and families are in agreement, and it is in the best interests of the patient. However, the judgement cuts across ethical and religious beliefs and will divide opinion. Some will see it as compassionate and humane, others the removing of a vital legal safeguard for a highly vulnerable group. What is a vegetative state? A vegetative state is when a person is awake but is showing no signs of awareness. They may open their eyes, wake up and fall asleep at regular intervals and have basic reflexes. They're also able to regulate their heartbeat and breathing without assistance A person in a vegetative state doesn't show any meaningful responses, such as following an object with their eyes or responding to voices. They also show no signs of experiencing emotions Continuing - or persistent - vegetative state is when this happens for more than four weeks Permanent vegetative state is defined as more than six months if caused by a non-traumatic brain injury, or more than 12 months if caused by a traumatic brain injury If a person is diagnosed as being in a permanent vegetative state, recovery is extremely unlikely but not impossible

The ONS has identified other individual factors that are associated with the lowest levels of personal well-being, besides health. These include: being economically inactive with longterm illness or disability; being middle-aged, being single/ separated/ widowed or divorced; renting their home; having no, or basic, education. Three groups of people were identified as being at particular risk of having the poorest personal well-being: Unemployed/ economically inactive renters with self-reported health problems/ disability; Employed renters with self-reported health problems/ disability; Retired home owners with self-reported health problems/ disability.

8 Year-Olds Among Children Caught Driving Underage Data released by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) shows that three children aged eight and one nine-year-old have been prosecuted for driving offences. The offenders are among over 1,000 underage drivers that have been caught by police since January 2017. The RAC called the figures “frightening” but warned that with funding cuts hitting the number of police on the UK’s roads this could be the “tip of the iceberg.” It is frightening to think anyone under the age of 17 has been caught driving on public roads, let alone children as young as eight. The risk of causing harm to themselves and to other road users or pedestrians is frankly shocking. Driving is a complex task which requires many hours of learning to become competent in, which means the chances of something bad happening with underage drivers are high.

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While these figures make for depressing reading, they might just be the tip of the iceberg, with many more getting away with it given that the number of dedicated roads police officers has been declining for some years. Under current law enforcement procedures, any penalties incurred by underage drivers are kept on file by the DVLA and added to their licences whenever they legally apply for one. Drivers who receive six or more penalty points within two years of passing their test will automatically have their licence revoked, meaning underage offenders could lose their licence before they even turn 17. In terms of punishing any child caught driving illegally the standard practice is to disqualify them from driving which makes little sense when, in the eyes of the law, it is already illegal for them to drive.

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Fatima Jinnah’s 125th Birth Anniversary Remembered The 125th birth anniversary of Mader-e-Millat Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah, the sister of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was celebrated on 31st July. Various organizations all over Pakistan arranged seminars, conferences, discussions and debates to pay tributes to hard work and efforts of Mohtarma Fatima Jinnah for the country and the nation. Ms Jinnah is revered for her struggle in the Pakistan Movement, her devotion to her brother Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of the nation, and determined advocate for women’s rights. After receiving a degree in dentistry from the University of Calcutta in 1923, she joined the struggle for a separate Muslim homeland and was able to win respect for her determination and devotion to the aim within and outside All India Muslim League (AIML). She backed her brother through thick and thin when he decided to lead the Muslims of the subcontinent to achieve a country as their homeland. Ms Jinnah had participated in the presidential election against military dictator Ayub Khan and was able to win two of Pakistan’s largest cities, Karachi and Dhaka despite rampant political rigging to change the results. She passed away at the age of 71 on July 9, 1967 due to heart-attack and was buried beside her brother’s grave in his impressive mausoleum in Karachi.

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70 Years Of Our National Health Service Not even Aneurin Bevan himself could have envisaged just how much the 1946 National Health Service Bill would revolutionise people’s lives in the UK. Born out of a passionate ideal cradle to grave medical treatment should be made available to all, dreams would be realised two years later as the NHS came into being. It’s a source of great pride to the UK’s 64.6 million residents all medical treatment is still free at the point of use, except for some prescription and dental charges. And in this milestone 70th year the NHS has announced plans to improve patient care by cutting long stays in hospitals. The current Conservative government has pledged new funding and the UK Space Centre with NHS England has announced its allocating up to £4 million to find hi-tech solutions to the major health and care challenges facing the NHS today. Last year, a new £28million wing opened at Bradford Royal Infirmary, providing world-class facilities for the elderly, children and a brand new intensive care unit. Workers from India, the Philippines and Ireland represent the three largest migrant groups, with 81 per cent of NHS staff working in hospitals in England, of British origin. It’s thought around five per cent of the workforce are immigrants from the European Union. Back in 1948 life expectancy from birth was just 66 for a male and 70 for a woman in England and Wales. Fast forward 70 years and men have an average lifespan of 80, with women now living a further 14 years. The first baby to be born in the NHS, come into the world at 12.01 am on the 5th of July 1948, at the Amman Valley Hospital in Carmarthenshire. Across the NHS there were 480,000 hospital beds in England and Wales. An estimated 125,000 nurses with 5,000 consultants available to care for hospital patients. Lifetime average cost per head was £200 – it’s now

£3,100. In its first year the NHS cost £248m to run – it’s now £124.7 billion each year. Key landmarks Across The Years: - A charge of one shilling is introduced for prescriptions in 1952 – charges would be abolished in 1965 and re-instated three years later. - Up until 1954 hospitalised children were only allowed to see their parents for an hour on Saturdays and Sundays. Following a campaign from Paediatricians, visiting on a daily basis was slowly introduced. - The Mental Health Act of 1959 made new provision for the treatment and care of people with mental health problems. - 1960 saw the the first UK kidney transplant take place at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary on October 30 involving an identical set of 49-year-old twins. It proved to be a success adding a further six years of life to both donor and recipient. - Liberal MP David Steel helped introduced the Abortion Act in 1967 passed on a free vote in October of that year. It became law on April 27th It did not extend to Ireland however. - Computerised tomography (CT)scanners producing 3D images from a large series of 2D X-rays, revolutionised the NHS in 1972. The concept’s inventor received a Nobel Prize for their efforts. - Keyhole or laparascopic surgery was used for the first time in 1982 to remove a gallbladder. A thin telescopic rod lit with a fibre-optic cable is connected to a tiny camera, sending images of the area being operated on to a monitor. - The first 57 NHS trusts were created in 1991 charged with encouraging creativity and innovation within a health service increasingly focused on services in the community. The NHS is quite simply our country at its best, and you are its heart. Thank you so much for everything you do for all of us.

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Nietzsche: Nihilism and Postmodernism

Dr Syed Alam Shah

Email address: shaahphilosophy@gmail.com Nietzsche’s nihilism tells us that life and existence are baseless or meaningless, there is no truth-foundation or essential meaning of what exists out there. All values based on rationality or religious dogmas are foundationless, hence there is nothing teleological in the structure of world that pertains to universality of truth (history). It defies all kinds of structures based on the necessity, universality, generalization or rational grounds. Nihilism annihilates, deconstructs and destroys the generalized system of values imposed on human beings by the faith (Christianity, Islam or Judaism) and ethics based on reason or enlightenment-progressivism. He believes that the ethical systems of religion derive influence from the unknown transcendence, he calls it myth and deception. Only nihilism would be antidot to these fatal diseases (religions and universal ethics) afflicting human societies in general and human individuals in particular. The negation of these systems lies in the “… radical repudiation of value, meaning and desirability”. This would lead modern man towards understanding their historical situation. Nihilism prepared modern man to defy the deception of universal history, unilinear progressivism, cosmopolitan culture and foundational reason. Man finds himself in confrontation with/to the totalitarian (universal) values, authoritarian language, meanings, discourse and ideological deception. Nietzsche also lambastes the age of reason and enlightenment, though he accepts that man is the founder of values himself, he constitutes the meanings of things in relations to the social and cultural structures already given in the world. The moral convictions can be construed, revised and reconstructed according to the diverse needs of the people in societies. However, Nietzsche denies any rational foundation of social and cultural structures, values and unilinear history of progress towards human emancipation in specific time of human history. Because human societies are decentralized and highly fragmented into different kind of races, groups, people, individuals embodying incommensurable tendencies, thoughts, psychological propensities, multiple reasons, desires and interests etc. So, the idea of universal reason, one history or word-view are not only baseless but highly misleading also. It is not wise on man to give up one myth and remythologize world-view on entire humanity. Herein we are turning towards extreme nihilism that involves the claims that there exist no universal yardsticks to choose one values as prior to another, or to go with one course of action and ascertain it holistically. The extreme nihilism carries different moods of disparity to relegate life meaningless and desiring for the destructiveness and nothingness. Historically, nihilism represents and predicts the decay of the project of modernity (age of reason culminating into enlightenment) and the decline of Euro-western societies at large. This decay or decline of euro-western societies does not mean destruction of socio-economic systems of states, but the unprecedented accomplishment of technology to invent new history of modern man longing for devaluation of values. Indeed, the failure of the project of

modernity led to the discourse of nihilism that, in fact, was the diagnostical response to the sicknesses of modernity. While postmodernism is a general theory that describes the certain aspects of the present age of technology (we call postmodernity). In this way, modernism represents to modernity, and modernity designs the discourse of nihilism responding to an actual ailment of modernity. While postmodernity nihilates specific socio-historical conditions and transforms them to the new communicative values in Europe and Western societies. So, Nietzsche’s nihilism will carry the post-modern trends to go on with advancement of technology and enframing the particular mindset in this era. Though things are not so simple as described above, where Nietzsche’s prophecy stems from his critique of modernity and would map out the postmodern condition. Herein, we need to understand why postmodernity is nihilistic even on different lines. In his writings, he predicts and designs the image of coming two centuries and the effects of the incessant transformation of Western/European culture on societies and individuals. It is called the advent of nihilism that is deeply rooted into the history and the culture of modern man and shapes its future. Following this, what does Nietzsche ascertain in his critique of modern/postmodern conditions while reflecting upon the world, is his critique of Christianity and its ethical system like he would lambast the ‘… objective grounds of value beyond man in the form of God the father, the divine legislator of value, the spider of finality (divine justice on the day of judgement) and morality (above all)….’. His proclamation of the ‘death of God’ is, indeed, the death of the ethical system of Christianity and a religion. What he calls it, religious nihilism that promises all human beings to see the better world hereafter, the true world is spiritual world but not a physical world, he lambasts such idea and calls it a metaphysical interpretation of the world and values in relations to transcendence (absolute truth), that is revealed totally untrue. Subsequently, science has secularized the interpretation of the world and truth based on new knowledge claims empirically verified or falsified. What he sees any knowledge-claim, transcending human situation, is mythical and untrue. This last sentence demonstrates radical nihilism on the destruction of metaphysics and transcendent morality. It rejects the concept of absolute being as the deriving force of values and ethics. A radical nihilist renounces what exists (present good/ evil contrast) to the negative principle on normative claims to see the world other than what it is. It replaces positive principle of ‘what is’ with negative principle ‘it ought not to be’. We will further excavate radical nihilism with two possibilities such as active and passive nihilism. Later shows mere acceptance on the meaninglessness of existence, life or world in terms of denying intrinsic meaning to it. Whereas, former annihilates the traditional documentation of morality and destroys all contents or categories of valuation of values. This is reason why, Nietzsche would go with active nihilism annihilating all values pertaining to ‘true world’, metaphysics, God, the problem of good and evil, humanism, pity and

compassion etc. The active nihilism would lead to accomplishment of the theory towards complete nihilism such as complete destruction of values (no values at all). Does this mean that there is no more need of nihilism after absolute deconstruction of values, or if new values to be created would amount to overcoming of the nihilism itself? If yes, it would mean affirmation of new values, and no more nihilation of them over to new historical perspectives or cultural specificities. Nietzsche’s posture is very clear when he claims that radical nihilism is the essential feature of the modernity, whereas the two next centuries might witness the radicalized active nihilism. As I have already discussed modernity carrying the project of Enlightenment; the project of human emancipation. And reason is the essential foundation of this project to emancipate mankind through valuations based on the socio-cultural and economic practices via advancement of science and technology. However, from the age of reason to the age of advanced technology, we are facing the crises of existing theories and ethical values that do not commensurate with the epoch. We must consider it the end of one age towards beginning of other one, or it is not wrong to say, end of one history leads to the beginning of news histories. Thus, modern nihilism comes to acknowledge the truth of diversity and refutation of unilinear history based on the universality of reason. On the other hand, postmodernity ascertains socio-cultural diversity, multiplicity and pluralism. The existing societies bear the truth of reasonable pluralism, incommensurability of social practices and different forms of life. Postmodernity shows that existing societies are fragmented and not univocally formulated. There is no universal rational ground to explain the social reality in totality. Even there is no overarching unity to objectify the unilinear progress of history itself. Thus, postmodernity would reject (Marxism and capitalism) historical materialism and teleological history of human beings also. It, rather, focuses on the multiplicity of reasons, and diversity of histories. Now we cannot say one history but manifold histories of human societies along with their diversified cultures. Thus, theories of justices, moral values and systems of ethics are culturally specific and historically determined, and they cannot be applicable cross culturally. This view defies the unipolarity of world order, and it would circumvent the political/ ethical structures based on the universality of reason and history. Every society has its own history, so do others, and that is how postmodernism deconstructs the one world-view or one view of the his-

tory prior to manifold histories. Therefore, there is no ethical/political system of values prior to other systems or values. This is how modernity comes to its end when man loses his interest and calls one world-view of the history as deceptive and mythical. The idea of reasonable pluralism, cultural diversity, linguistic contextualism, and reality as difference (in itself) leads to the advent of postmodernity. The unilinear history is the history of modern European man, it has to accept one interpretation of history while ignoring multiple views of history. The post modernism goes with the theme of the end of history; the end of unilinear history (the history of progress of modern man towards emancipation). The one world-view of history led to European imperialism and colonialism carrying worst forms of slavery, social injustices and violence against the races and interpret the unilinear history as the history of entire human race. The world wars are the rewards of these world views imposed on humanity in general. Nietzsche’s radical nihilism refutes the very idea of universal truth, priority of one world-view and unilinear history, and he would call universal truth as the system of illusion, so is the dominance of the history of European man; the history of illusion. In his writings, “On Truth and Lie in a Non-Moral Sense”, he denies that there exists an objective (universal) truth, what he sees truth is nothing other than ‘name given to the point of view of the people who have the means to enforce it’. Thus, truth is what we interpret, and it is erring indeed. So are values that we invent and are devalued when turn oblivion. Every new value does not mean to be more authentic then the previous one, nor is it necessary that new values would be better than the previous ones, because they are arbitrarily legislated by the human individuals. While rejecting the extrarational or extraterrestrial ethical system (essentially foundational) imposed on human beings, he goes on refuting the religious values calling them historical erring. For him, all human life dwells in the lie of true world, a better world hereafter, that is deception of this lie indeed. However, Nietzsche raises the ray of hope in human individuals when he says complete nihilism does not mean disparity or self-negation but joyous affirmation of life as meaningful in the world. Only the cheerful souls can live up the meaningful life with affirmative attitude. This is what postmodern nihilism carries the affirmation of meaningfulness in life again.

Council Bid For Safer Streets Sheffield City Council has begun announcing its red lines when it comes to road safety outside schools. A new traffic regulation order for the city’s first red route – where double red lines replace the more common double yellow lines on busy main roads, outside schools and on bus routes – has now been advertised by the council. Sheffield is set to become one of the first cities outside of London to introduce “red routes”, following a change in the law last year. Red routes have a tougher zero tolerance approach to traffic violations – no stopping or waiting is allowed for any length of time under any circumstances. Breaching this can lead to an immediate fixed penalty notice or

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fine. The first red route is proposed to be on Baslow Road near Totley Primary School, which is being expanded to accommodate more pupils. The proposed scheme includes a signal controlled crossing on Baslow Road near Totley Grange Road. Councillor Jack Scott, Cabinet Member for Transport and Development at Sheffield City Council said: “Nothing is more important to me than the safety of our city’s children, so now that we have these powers, I am determined to use them quickly and firmly. “It only takes a second to create a hazard around a school. Red Routes are a big step forward to stop people from parking dangerously. “I want to be as clear as possible about parking on red lines: There is no waiting, no parking, no excuses and no second chances. If you do it, we will find you and we will fine you. “The safety of children comes before anything else, so do not put this at risk.” The introduction of more red routes is part of the council’s new parking strategy.

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What Is Dissociative Identity Disorder? Mr Shumile J. Chishty Dissociative disorders involve problems with memory, identity, emotion, perception, behaviour and sense of self. Dissociative identity disorder (DID) also known as multiple personality disorder, this is a severe condition in which two or more personality states are present in and take control of an individual. Some people would mistakenly identify this as possession, which it could be, but most likely it is DID, and a lot of patients diagnosed with DID said that they don’t remember as much. It is said to be that traumatic events such as abuse and military combat is the main cause for DID and this technique of dissociation is a coping mechanism for when the individual is in distress, because when normal people are distressed we tend to daydream, whereas diagnosed DID patients switch personalities.

one, a middle aged woman, the other, a young man. The secondary personalities were exceptionally well formed and would change about twice a week. Hypnosis was used to bring up the dissociated personalities. A discussion of multiple personality was carried out in terms of repression and identification. DID usually involves contrasting personalities one could be really destructive and the other could be really calm and it varies to each individual how often personality switches and environment does take a role in deciding

The symptoms for DID include: •Significant memory loss of specific times, people and events •Out of body experience •Mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and thoughts of suicide •A sense of detachment from your emotions or emotional numbness There are many treatments for DID such as psychotherapy and medication. Here is a typical case study of a patient with DID, A 15 year old Indian girl is reported to have 2 secondary personalities;

Forecast To Be The World’s Biggest Cities In 2100 When movies imagine the cities of the future, they invariably look like New York or Tokyo. Metropolis was an elegant but industrial pile of Art Deco towers inspired by the Manhattan of the 1920s. Blade Runner 's neon-lit city is basically a souped-up Tokyo. But it seems Birnin Zana, the capital of Wakanda in Black Panther, may be a more accurate vision for the cities of the future. That’s because while the cities of the past sprouted up in Europe, then America and Asia, the megacities of the future look likely to be in Africa. Africa’s population is growing at a much faster rate than the rest of the world. While roughly one in seven people in the world today are from Africa, the UN predicts that will rise to almost one in two by 2100. In contrast, Europe’s population is projected to fall steadily over the same period, from 742 million to 653 million. After a period of growth, Asia is also expected to shrink, ending up with a population more or less the same as today. Overall, the global population will likely grow to 11 billion over the next 82 years, and cities will get bigger too—especially in Africa. High birth rates in the continent ensure that even if there is a decrease in fertility in the coming years, the huge number of young people already living means a huge population boom is now inevitable.

The Global Cities Institute has made projections about the biggest megacities of the future, by using data relating to each country’s urban-rural ratio and urbanization rate, as well as birth rate and mortality rate. Conakry, Pune, Ibadan, Kano, N'djamena; the list includes many cities that westerners won’t have even heard of, let alone be able to place on a map. But not every city will experience a boom. Tokyo, the template for science fiction’s city of the future, currently has the largest population in the world at 36 million. But by 2100, it’s projected to have shrunk by 29 percent, making it only the 28th largest city in the world. This population dive is fueled by Japan’s low birth rate and antiimmigration policies. European cities face a similar fate. By 2100, no European cities will be among the 60 largest. Paris is predicted to be the 67th biggest city in the world, with London the only other European city in the top 100, at 86th. Cities in the U.S. will be largely overtaken too. New York City, currently the sixth largest in the world, is predicted to grow 55 percent. But even so, it will still drop down the list of biggest cities, coming in at number 22. Los Angeles just about scrapes into the top 40. The only other American cities on the list of the 100 biggest urban centers are Chicago (57), Miami (89), Philadelphia (91) and Dallas (100).

which personalities is to be selected. People with personality disorders are often difficult to get along with and many times, they even find it tough to deal with their own feelings and emotions on a day-to-day basis, and the most common symptoms are depression and anxiety. Psychiatric medications may help relieve these comorbid conditions, but they can't cure the underlying personality disorder. That job falls to therapy, which is aimed at building new coping mechanisms. Medications that may be helpful for treating these related disorders include: •Antidepressants: SSRI antidepressants such as Prozac, or SNRI antidepressants help relieve depression and anxiety in people with personality disorders •Antipsychotics: People with borderline and schizotypal personality disorders are at risk of losing touch with reality. Antipsychotic medications can help improve distorted thinking. •Other medications: Anti-anxiety medications and mood stabilizerssuch as lithium are used to relieve symptoms associated with personality disorders. From a biological approach many scientists have found little evidence from twin and family studies to show that DID is inherited. Suggesting that this certain disorder is linked to the environment. The most common cause of DID, like said before is a traumatic event usually during adolescence. Scientists have used EEG’s to have found differences in brain waves between people who are not diagnosed and people who are.

The World’s Biggest Economies In 2018 The United States has the largest economy in the world at $20.4 trillion, according to data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which shows the US economy increased from around $19.4 trillion last year. China follows, with $14 trillion, which is an increase of more than $2 trillion in comparison to 2017. Japan is in third place with an economy of $5.1 trillion, up from $4.87 trillion a year previously. European countries round off the top 5 Three European countries take up the next places on the list: Germany is fourth, with a $4.2 trillion economy, the United Kingdom is fifth with $2.94 trillion and France is sixth with $2.93 trillion. Close behind the UK and France, in seventh, India’s economy is $2.85 trillion, and Italy is in eighth with an economy of $2.18 trillion. Ninth on the list is Brazil, with an economy of more than $2.14 trillion, while Canada is 10th with a $1.8 trillion economy. The sheer scale of the United States’ economy puts others into perspective. It is larger than the combined economies of numbers four to 10 on the list above. Overall, the global economy is worth an estimated $79.98 trillion, meaning the US accounts for more than one-quarter of the world total. However, its dominance looks to be waning. According to data from the World Bank (illustrated by visual capitalist), the global economy will expand by $6.5 trillion between 2017 and 2019. America’s GDP is expected to account for 17.9% of this growth. China’s, however, is predicted to account for almost double this, at 35.2%.

professional services firm PwC, which also predicts India will overtake the US. China, the report says, will have an economy of nearly $58.5 trillion, while India’s will be around $44.1 trillion and America’s will total $34.1 trillion. Interestingly, Japan ($6.7trn), Germany ($6.1trn), the United Kingdom ($5.3trn) and France ($4.7trn) are expected to fall to eighth, ninth, 10th and 12th in the list, respectively. These countries will be replaced by Indonesia ($10.5trn), Brazil ($7.5trn), Russia ($7.1trn), and Mexico ($6.8trn), which climb to fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh, respectively.

China’s digital economy is also experiencing a boom period. It has grown from less than 1% of the global e-commerce market about 10 years ago to 42% today. In comparison, the United States’ share of the market is 24%, down from 35% in 2005. China’s economy will also eclipse the US economy by 2050, according to a reportby

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Call For UK Citizen ID System After Brexit long, and what their entitlements are. "A proper national ID system would have prevented the harassment of the Windrush victims." There have been periodic calls for the return of identity cards ever since they were scrapped in the UK in 1952. A £5bn national identity card scheme was introduced by the Labour government in 2006, but Theresa May abolished it when she became home secretary in 2010. Other suggestions from The Border Audit: A Post-Windrush Review include: A more "decisive" removals process, plus reforms to allow applications for asylum from outside the UK and private sponsorship of them An amnesty for illegal immigrants who have been in the UK for 10 years or more More cash to pay illegal immigrants to leave and a joint scheme with the Department for International Development to help them set up businesses in their countries of origin A British version of the US Electronic System for Travel Authorisation (ESTA) that allows non-UK citizens to use egates at borders and made it quicker for "low-risk groups" to enter A reduction in citizenship application fees from £1,500 per person and almost £5,000 for a family with two children to a level "more closely aligned to public policy, not just revenue needs" Illegal immigration is not only unfair on legal immigrants who wait their turn in the queue and the employers and businesses who play (and pay) by the rules, it also fosters a twilight world of criminality, dependence and exploitation in which modern slavery flourishes. Combating illegal immigration should be overtly linked to minimum wage enforcement, private landlord licensing and action against modern slavery. While a general amnesty for the estimated 500,000 illegal In the Policy Exchange report, it says: "We strongly recom- residents in the UK would send the wrong signal, some mend reopening the debate about ID management to reas- form of regularisation should be considered for those who sure people that we know who is in the country, for how have been here for more than 10 years. The ID registration system for EU citizens in the UK after Brexit should extend to Britons to avoid another Windrush scandal, a think tank says. EU citizens in the UK will have to pay £65 and join a registration scheme to stay after the UK's transition period. In a report, Policy Exchange said the scheme should be rolled out to Britons on an initial voluntary basis. It said a "proper national ID system" would have "prevented the harassment of the Windrush victims". The Windrush scandal saw migrants from Commonwealth countries - who had permission to settle in the UK - wrongly declared illegal immigrants. The Home Office had not issued paperwork to migrants entitled to live in the UK, and in 2010 landing cards belonging to Windrush migrants had been destroyed. As a result some were threatened with deportation, the loss of their jobs, and others were denied benefits and healthcare on the NHS. In May it was revealed that at least 63 members of the Windrush generation - named after the boat that brought the first Caribbean migrants to the UK - had been wrongfully removed since 2002. The scandal put pressure on former Home Secretary Amber Rudd to resign. She eventually left her post after it was revealed she "inadvertently misled" MPs over targets for removing illegal immigrants. The UK is due to officially leave the European Union at 23:00 GMT on 29 March 2019. EU citizens who have arrived by the end of the transition period - December 31 2020 - but do not have five years' residence, can seek to stay until they have, at which point they can seek settled status, under plans announced by Home Secretary Sajid Javid. People will be asked to prove their identity, whether they have criminal convictions and whether they live in the UK.

Britain’s First Spaceship Launch Site Britain’s space sector took one giant leap when the site of its first vertical launch spaceport was announced. The proposed space port at Sutherland in the north of Scotland has been awarded $3.3 million in funding by the government-owned UK Space Agency to develop a ground-breaking launch site. Government Business Secretary Greg Clark launched the Great British Space Age that will see vertically-launched space rockets and satellites take off from the new spaceport. UK Space Agency said it selected the Sutherland site because Scotland is the best place in Britain to reach highly sought-after satellite orbits with vertically launched rockets. The initial funding will go to Scotland’s Highlands and Islands Enterprise agency to develop the Sutherland site which will use a combination of proven and innovative rocket technologies

to pave the way for a world-leading spaceflight market. Clark said: “We want Britain to be the first place in mainland Europe to launch satellites as part of our modern Industrial Strategy. The UK’s thriving space industry, research community and aerospace supply chain put Britain in a leading position to develop both vertical and horizontal launch sites.” A UK Space Agency spokesperson said: “Horizontal launch sites have significant potential in a future UK spaceflight market, which could attract companies from all over the world to invest in Britain.” A number of sites across the UK are developing their spaceport plans and engaging with regulators, demonstrating the scale of the industry’s ambition and confidence in a future UK spaceflight market, which could attract companies from all over the world to invest in Britain, he added.

Dr Adnan Azad Mr. Adnan Ahmad Azad was born on June 11TH 1988, in Sheffield England. Between 1999-2006, he studied at King Ecgbert secondary school in Dore, Sheffield, completing his GCSES and A levels. Due to the lack of support, and with the career aspirations in mind, Adnan decided to leave this school in 2006. It was in this year, Adnan decided to take a gap year; a year out from all studies, whereby he could plan and apply to many universities in England as an independent candidate. Between 2007-2011, Adnan received an offer to study at the prestigious school of pharmacy, at the University of Nottingham, England. Adnan spent 4 years in pharmacy school in order to receive a master’s degree in pharmacy (MPharm). He successfully graduated in 2011 from the University of Nottingham. In 2011: after completing his masters, Adnan then applied and was accepted to complete his pre-registration year to train as a pharmacist within Rotherham General hospital, South Yorkshire. It was in this institute were he trained as student in order to fully qualify as a pharmacist. Fortunately for him, he was working alongside many doctors, nurses, and many other healthcare professionals, which reignited his burning passion to become a medical doctor. 2012: Adnan successfully completed his preregistration qualification year at Rotherham General Hospital, to qualify as a pharmacist and was represented by the general pharmaceutical council. Even after becoming a pharmacist, the dreams of becoming a doctor were fully intact, and also having in mind, that it was his parents dream to see their son as a doctor, he decided to resign from his post as a pharmacist, and apply to a medical school abroad in Romania, and was accepted to undertake a 6 year medical degree. Between 2012-2018, Adnan travelled back and forth between the two counties in order to work as a pharmacist - to fund his medical school costs, as well as to study as a medical student. With the will of Allah, he was managing to balance these factors well. 2018, thanks to Allah, Adnan completed all his studies, and examinations, and to successfully graduated

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from medical school, to become Dr. Adnan Ahmad Azad, MD Mpharm. Adnan has now returned to England, waiting to start his position as a junior doctor. He has many future plans, one being to work closely together with Pakistan, in regards to future charity projects, where he will personally travelling himself in order to help and aide the people of Pakistan.

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Prospects And Challenges Of Imran Khan’s ‘Naya’ Pakistan Imran Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party has claimed victory in the general elections) and he is now trying to form the next government in Pakistan. Although PTI does not have majority seats in the new parliament, Khan is expected to win over necessary members of the parliament from independent or smaller parties. The opposition parties on the other hand have alleged irregularities and vote rigging; some are even threatening street demonstration against the election results. However, overall there is nothing new in such allegations. What seems to be new this time however, is that Khan has offered transparent examination of vote rigging allegations. In 2013, Khan had alleged vote rigging but the then administration refused to conduct any investigation. Will this approach lead to Khan’s claim of a Naya Pakistan? Naya Pakistan is perhaps the dream of every Pakistani, particularly of those who are below 30; majority of the Pakistanis now are said to be of that age. But this new Pakistan idea reminds me of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto who almost 50 years ago came up with the slogan. At that time, the country had been split into two, resulting in Bangladesh's independence. Bhutto was accused of being responsible for the break up of the country. Following the election in 1970, he told his East Pakistani counterpart, who had won majority seats in the parliament, “that part is yours, this part mine”. (Bhutto was later hanged during the era of Gen. Zia-ul-Haq's regime.) I hope Khan is not contemplating any such “new Pakistan”. Of course, he is not: his statements and actions are not any closer to those of Bhutto’s. Therefore, one could be moderately optimistic about Khan’s claim for a new Pakistan.

first president of Pakistan under the new constitution, proclaimed martial law in 1958 and appointed a number of generals in his Cabinet. Soon, however, the generals decided to take power by exiling Iskander Mirza from the country. This is how intervention of armed forces entered into Pakistani politics. Why then should one be surprised this time even if the armed forces have intervened? If Imran Khan is able to ensure all parties follow the constitution, he will make a huge contribution to Pakistan. Khan only needs to ensure good governance in the country.

Role of the military Before one moves to examine the potential for Khan’s new Pakistan, one needs to address the question of fairness in conducting the election -- a question that the opposition, some segment in the national and international media and most importantly neighbouring India has raised. Pakistan’s armed forces have been accused of engineering the election results. A European Union observer group in its statement, however, did not point out any direct rigging made by the armed forces, which had been tasked with ensuring security for the process. Everyone familiar with Pakistan’s history knows, however, that the armed forces have intervened in Pakistani politics many times. But to be fair with the armed forces as an institution, one must note that intervention in the political process by non-political elements in Pakistan did not originate with the armed forces. It was Malik Ghulam Muhammad (1895-1956), a bureaucrat turned governor general, who had removed the then prime minister because he thought the premier was incapable of heading the administration. Then the judiciary came to justify the bureaucratic action: Justice Muhammad Munir (1895-1979) introduced the “doctrine of necessity” and Pakistan’s constitutional and political process was interrupted. This was followed by the action of another bureaucrat, Iskander Mirza (1899-1970) who became the

Hope and younger generation The hope for a better future is essential for every human being, but it is more important for the young in Pakistan. They have been deprived of opportunities by previous governments. The lack of opportunity has led many to seek assistance from undesirable sources and Pakistan’s enemies have taken full advantage of this situation. Out of sheer frustration, some seem to have accepted very minimum incentive for seditious activities against the state. As a result, many counter terrorism “experts” see Pakistan as a failed state. Pakistan is not a failed state: Pakistan possesses enormous resources for becoming a model state as was perceived by Iqbal and Jinnah almost a century ago. Khan claims that Pakistan’s founding fathers have motivated him. Pakistan’s founding fathers rightly understood that modern civilization could be saved only by following Quran's guidance through prophetic teachings. Unfortunately in Pakistan today certain reactionary elements have hijacked the understanding of the prophetic model. Pakistan today is extremely polarized in the name of this model. This model simply demands accountability, transparency, rule of law that is participatory, responsive, equitable, inclusive, efficient and effective. Khan will have to be careful about what comes in the name of religion as well.

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The politics of 'electable' Khan has made many promises during his campaign and good governance is number one in the list. He has again underlined the importance of good governance while addressing the nation in his July 26 victory speech and reiterated his promise of eradicating corruption. However, although Khan himself has an image of being an uncorrupt leader, his policy of recruiting the so called electable in his party ranks make one nervous. Don’t the electable represent corrupt politicians of the past? Khan has claimed that he would attract overseas Pakistanis to invest in Pakistan. This reminds me of Nawaz Sharif’s promise to overseas Pakistanis in 1997 when he became prime minister with a huge mandate. Sharif attracted only $200 million as opposed to expectation of billions. Also, when the country was hit by an international financial crisis in 1997, he was also accused of withdrawing money from Pakistani banks in local media reports. Will Imran Khan be able to control the “electable” members of his party? In my view, this will be the most difficult challenge to Khan’s perception of good governance.

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Fakhar Zaman Enters Top 20 In ODIs Opening batsman Fakhar Zaman soared into the Top 20 in ODI rankings thanks to his recent performances against Zimbabwe. Fakhar jumped 8 rankings to bag 16th position in the latest ODI rankings issued by the International Cricket Council (ICC). The 28-year-old scored a record 550-runs in a five-match series against Zimbabwe earlier this month, including a double-hundred, becoming the first Pakistani ever to do so. The opening batsman was ranked 24th in ODIs in the rankings issued on July 17, but jumped up to the 16th spot after his recent performances were taken into consideration. Opener Imam-ul-Haq also improved his ranking to 43rd spot after scoring a total of 395 runs in the series against Zimbabwe.

My school life By Shaheryar A. Chishty My School life began with a pen in my hand A teacher would look at me, words falling out of her mouth effortlessly like sand My teachers found a place in my cordial heart They are chained by my praising words, they will never depart My thoughts would sink in to my pen’s ink A child’s mind and paper would interlink The monotonous maths equations would manifest in my head Slowly, they would begin to spread I would have been fishing for words in a test Or I would take myself on a jaunt of knowledge, to make sure my teachers were impressed My lunch would wait for me, waiting to hear sounds of foot steps My hunger implored for food, it wondered why it saw neglect My trapped words were imprisoned behind the bars of lined pages After a while I would erase them, making sure they don’t stay there for ages When break time approached I was free I left my learning, but in my head my studying thoughts wouldn’t leave me When my day ended a bell would ring My mother would wait for me wondering what enjoyable memories I would bring my school days were like this, always exciting At my school I was always thriving

10 Sportsmen Who Turned Out to Be Successful Politicians The World Cup winning captain, Imran Khan, who founded his political party Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) 4 years after hanging his boots in 1992, has won the Prime Minister’s seat. Imran Khan is the first sportsman in the history of the world to achieve the feat. Let’s have a look at some of the popular professional sportsmen who also proved that they could succeed in their political careers as well.

Governor of California from 2003-11. Sachin Tendulkar Considered as the greatest batsman of all time, Sachin Tendulkar accepted the offer to join the upper house of Indian Parliament in 2012.

Jesse Ventura Another Hall of Fame in professional wrestling, Jesse ‘The Body’ Ventura held the offices of Mayor of Brooklyn Park, Minnesota and later the Governor of Imran Khan Having struggled 22 years to fight the likes of Nawaz Minnesota. Sharif and Asif Ali Zardari and other eminent political leaders, Imran Khan is finally on the eve of becoming Kriti Azad the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Before politics, Im- Kriti Azad was a part of the World Cup winning squad ran led Pakistan to World Cup triumph in 1992 and in 1983. The former cricketer has served as a member changed the dynamics of Pakistani cricket forever with of Indian Parliament twice from Darbhanga. his inspirational captaincy. Even to this day, young Sanath Jayasuriya Considered as the Father of modern cricket, Sanath Jayasuriya is a renowned cricketer from Sri Lanka who has served as a Deputy Minister of Postal Services as well as the Deputy Minister of Local Government and Rural Development. Manny Pacquiao 5 times boxing champion from the Philippines, Pacquiao turned to politics in

cricketers and captains try to follow in his footsteps 2007 as a Congress candidate. to improve their game and the team’s performance. Garry Kasparov Former World Champion in Chess, winning the global Bill Bradley Inducted into the Hall of Fame having won an Olym- event at the age of 22, Kasparov and his political party pic Gold medal with USA basketball team, Bill Brad- is considered as the opposition to Vladimir Putin’s adley served as a Senator from New Jersey from 1979 ministration. He was to run for the Presidential race but had to withdraw due to some terms and condi– 2000. tions. Arnold Schwarzenegger Is there anything Arnold cannot do? From being a Sebastian Coe pro bodybuilder winning Mr Universe aged 20 to a With 4 Olympic medals to his name, Coe has set 11 successful writer, actor and an investor, Arnold has a world records in his career. He was UK’s Conservative stellar portfolio. In addition, the 70-year old was the Party’s MP from 1992-1997.

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Nawaz Sharif Under UN Investigation According to sources, the UN anti-money laundering department has decided to start investigations against Pakistan’s former premier Nawaz Sharif. Following the Avenfield verdict, it seems like PML-N leader is being investigated by global accountability bureaus. The diligent efforts put forth by the National Accountability Bureau and the Federal Investigation Agency have shown effectiveness in their productivity prior to the upcoming general elections. Looking at the growing suspicions, the department decided to seize all records regarding financial matters of Nawaz Sharif and his family from the concerned banks. An initial investigation against Nawaz Sharif conducted following his disqualification as the PM unravelled his remittance amounting to 10.4 million USD from Saudi Arabia in the years 2014-2017 to Habib Bank, New York Branch. This was later received in Standard Chartered Bank, Raiwind Branch, Lahore. On 9th March, 2015, $799,945 had been transferred from Al-Razi bank to Habib Bank, New York branch and then transferred to Nawaz Sharif via Standard Chartered. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, UNODC, thus announced an official investigation on Nawaz’s alleged money launder-

ing via HBL. Upon the discovery of concrete proofs regarding the amount remittances, United States’ concerned departments ended up imposing a fine of Rs. 26 billion on HBL’s New York branch on the account of hidden massive amounts laundered. Nawaz Sharif had opened an account in Saudi Arabia’s bank under the name, ‘Hill Metal Company’, which had a massive amount of remittance. Nawaz Sharif had misused Habib Bank of Pakistan, Al-Razi Bank Saudi Arabia and Standard Charted Bank. Records state that Nawaz had embezzled money amounting to $10.4 million. Since then, International Anti-Money Laundering Department has sped-up their investigation processes. According to the documents, $266,000 had been transferred to Hill Metal Jeddah, Saudi Arabia which were later rewired to Nawaz Sharif on 3rd March, 2014. On 22nd March 2015, $ 499,965 was transferred from Saudi Arabia to Habib Bank Branch New York which were later transferred to Standard Chartered Bank, Lahore in Nawaz Sharif’s accounts. During April 2015, another transaction took place where $8,165,000 was transferred from Saudi Arabia to Habib Bank New York Branch, following the same pattern, transferring the amount to Standard Chartered Bank Lahore.

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UK Adopts A Strict Anti-Money Laundering Legislation For the first time, the United Kingdom has implemented European Union’s fifth anti-money laundering legislation, to force the offshore companies holding UK properties to reveal their real owners. The proposed bill is not country-specific, which means Pakistanis having properties in UK through offshore companies are also compelled to declare their ownership. The owners’ names will appear on a corporate registry and the draft also requires a company to give an update every year to ensure the information on the register is up-to-date. The consultation closes on 17 September 2018, according to the Registration of Overseas Entities Bill. Those who profit from some of the UK’s most exclusive properties through illegal use of overseas shell companies can end up in prison for 5 years, along with a virtually unlimited fine, if they fail to provide adequate details of their properties. While individuals who either fail to register overseas entities or knowingly try to deceive the register by providing false information can face up two years in jail with an unlimited fine. It’s worth mentioning that anonymous ownership of properties via offshore companies is completely legal, but it is subject to the laws of the country housing those properties. The proposed bill also affects a large number of Russian oligarchs and multimillionaires, who are among the 130 people to have their assets frozen in a crackdown by British authorities on allegations of money laundering. This is not the first time the UK Government has taken a step against money laundering. An initiative launched earlier this year follows the Unexplained Wealth Orders (UWOs), that has been pursued rigorously by UK’s National Crime Agency (NCA). The UWO was introduced in January 2018, and its aim was to check the properties of people under suspicions of serious allegations, to explain the origin of their assets, including properties worth more than £50,000 pounds.

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Japan Unveils ‘Mosque On Wheels’ For 2020 Olympics A large white-and-blue truck pulls up outside a stadium in central Japan and slowly expands into a place of worship. Welcome to the Mobile Mosque. As Japan prepares to host visitors from around the world for the 2020 Summer Olympics, a Tokyo sports and cultural events company has created a mosque on wheels that its head hopes will make Muslim visitors feel at home. Yasuharu Inoue, CEO of Yasu Project, said the possibility there might not be enough mosques for Muslim visitors in 2020 was alarming for a country that considers itself part of the international community. His Mobile Mosques could travel to different Olympic venues as needed. “As an open and hospitable country, we want to share the idea of ‘omotenashi’ [Japanese hospitality] with Muslim people,” he said in a recent interview. The first Mobile Mosque was unveiled earlier this week outside Toyota Stadium, a J-League football venue in Toyota city, which is

also the headquarters of the car company with the same name. The back of the modified 25-tonne truck flipped up to reveal an entrance and then the side slid out, doubling the width of the truck. The 48-square-metre room can accommodate 50 people. Muslim guests prayed inside the mosque, which includes outdoor taps and a washing area for pre-worship cleansing. Indonesian students who were victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami also participated in the debut ceremony. An estimated 100,000 to 200,000 Muslims live in Japan. Initially, the project organisers plan to target international sporting events both in Japan and overseas. Inoue said he hopes the project will do more than fill a gap in religious infrastructure. “Going forward, I would be so happy if people from Indonesia, Malaysia, Africa, the Middle East and, for example, refugees who are coming from Syria are able to use the mosque as a tool to promote world peace,” he said.

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Paint, Varnish Exposure Potential Health Hazard Exposure to paint, varnish and other solvents may put people at a 50 per cent higher risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), a potentially disabling disease affecting the central nervous system, a study says. With exposure to solvents, people who also carry genes that make them more susceptible to developing multiple sclerosis are nearly seven times as likely to develop the disease as compared to those with no solvent exposure who do not carry the MS genes, said the study published in the journal Neurology. For people who have been smokers, the risk is even greater. Those who have been smokers with solvent exposure and the MS genes are 30 times more likely to develop MS than those who have never smoked or been ex-

posed to solvents and who do not have the genetic risk factors, said the study. These are significant interactions where the factors have a much greater effect in combination than they do on their own. It’s possible that exposure to solvents and smoking may both involve lung inflammation and irritation that leads to an immune reaction in the lungs. The analysis showed that, MS genes and exposure to solvents combined were responsible for an estimated 60 per cent of the risk of developing MS. The researchers determined that the MS genes and exposure to solvents combined were responsible for an estimated 60 percent of the risk of developing MS.

4 Million Stripped Of Citizenship In India India has effectively stripped four million people in Assam of citizenship, sparking fears of mass deportations of Muslims from the northeastern state. But authorities assured that those who could not make it to the draft list will not face "immediate deportation or be arrested". People will be given time to file for corrections, Indian officials said. The definitive list will be announced in December. The National Register of Citizens (NRC) published its final draft of citizens on Monday, and ruled that of the 32.9 million population of the state, only 28.9 million names were included in the final draft. The right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) of Prime Minister Narendra Modi came to power on the promise to expel the so-called "illegal foreigners" and protect the rights of indigenous groups. Critics say the move to strip the citizenship of Bengali origin people, most of whom are Muslims, is similar

to Myanmar's removal of rights and protections for its Rohingya community. Muslims form one-third of the state's population. Assam has witnessed prolonged protests against socalled foreigners, which includes both Hindus and Muslims. The arrival of millions of refugees to Assam in 1971 - when Bangladesh seceded from Pakistan after a bloody civil war - brought the issue of these so-called foreigners into national focus. It ignited Assam's biggest and deadliest anti-foreigners agitation between the late-1970s to the mid1980s. About 2,000 Muslims, including children, were massacred in a single day in Assam's Nellie village in 1983 at the height of the anti-foreigners agitation. The Assam Accord, which was signed between the government and the protesters, was able to bring a consensus on the eligibility criteria for citizenship.

Wazir Khan — The Hakeem Who Beautified Lahore Many readers will be familiar with the majestic Wazir Khan Masjid, the gorgeous Wazir Khan Hammam or Shahi Hammam and many other similar places which were constructed during the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Most of the architectural jewels that were added to Lahore during Shah Jahan’s era were built and designed by the famous Wazir Khan and most of them were named after him as well. This is a fascinating story of a wazir, who gained value and position in the Mughal court due to his herbal medicine treatments and skillful wisdom. The story of Hakim Ilm Ud Din Ansari (famously known as Wazir Khan) begins with Mughal Emperor Jahangir’s mounting concern for the life of his beloved wife Noor Jahan, who had contracted an incurable disease. Therefore, it was Jahangir’s routine to meet several physicians everyday in search of a cure. Jahangir had announced handsome gifts for the one who would be able cure his wife. Failing to find any such physician, one of the courtiers suggested the emperor to call Hakim Sheikh Ilm-ud-din Ansari (a very famous hakeem of that time) to his court, as he was known to cure incurable diseases. So Jahangir ordered Ansari, who was living in Chiniot at that time, to come to Lahore. Ansari figured out that the cause of the disease was a cyst under the empress’s foot. He requested the emperor to not interfere in the treatment process (however unconventional and painful it might be for Noor Jehan). Jahangir agreed and Ansari began by asking servants to spread burning sand in the fort. He then requested the empress to walk on the burning sand in order to get an impression of her footprints. Later, he embedded some sharp “knife like” objects in the sand and asked Noor Jahan to walk over them. The cyst in the empress’s foot got ruptured and the wound was healed by the hot sand. As a reward, Jahangir made Ansari part of the royal court. After the empress’s full recovery Ansari was raised to the position of an officer of the hospitals. The empress’s recovery was celebrated in Lahore, and Ansari was showered with praise, while Noor Jahan presented the hakeem with her own jewelry. Ansari remained the royal physician even after Mughal emperor Shah Jahan ascended the throne. So this is how an ordinary hakeem got involved with the high echelon of the Mughal empire, having no idea that the world would remember him even after his death. Being a part of the royal court, Ansari developed cordial relations with Shah Jahan and thus another story begins. Shah Jahan made him familiar with the temperaments of his father, the emperor Jahangir and other members of the royal family. He was an altruist, never demanded anything from Shah Jahan, and on the contrary spent his own money (if required by the prince). It is said that he spent up to 10 or 12 lakh rupees of his own money as “official expenses” of the prince when he was in dispute with

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his father. Historic references tell us that Ansari gained much importance in the royal court during the last days of Jahangir’s rule. When conspiracies of Noor Jahan led to Shah Jahan’s imprisonment by his father, Wazir Khan was appointed the prince’s physician. Asif Khan, the brother of Noor Jahan and father-in-law of Shah Jahan persuaded Ansari to rescue the prince from prison and move him to Dakkan. The first part of the plan was successful, but on route to Dakkan, news of Jahangir’s death arrived. Shah Jahan would now be the emperor and this would also mark a new beginning for the hakeem. At the coronation of Shah Jahan, Ansari was bestowed with the title of Nawab Wazir Khan. This was the great unseen and unimaginable destiny of the hakeem, and I am sure he would have never dreamt of acquiring such an important position in his life. Historic references and books tell us that the early part of Wazir Khan’s life was ordinary. He was a Pakhtoon by race, a resident of Chiniot in the Jhang district in Punjab. He was a student of Arabic

on the 4th of Shawwal, 1043 A.H (April 3rd 1634 A.D). It is said that he successfully treated the prince. It is also ascribed that Shah Jahan then reached Lahore, being interested in the building work; he took notice of the repair and reconstruction of the royal palaces, entrusting all repair work to the Viceroy Wazir Khan. It seems believable because this account gives strength to Khan’s governorship of Lahore in 1634, the

and Philosophy, and learnt tib from Hakim D‘avi, getting proficient in medicine. Hakim D‘avi was one of the twenty nine physicians of Mughal Emperor Akbar’s court and was also the teacher of Shah Jahan. Wazir Khan speedily attained positions while being in Shah Jahan’s service, from the superintendent of his camp court, to superintendent of the royal kitchen (mir-i saman) to the rank of commander and finally to his appointment as the governor of Lahore. By 1634 which was the 7th year of Shah Jahan’s imperial position, he decided to come to Lahore. On his way to Lahore the eldest daughter of Dara Shikoh died and Dara himself became went down to fever. When the imperial physicians failed to cure his ailment, Khan the then viceroy of Lahore was called in to the court camp

date inscribed on the mosque. Wazir Khan became a generous builder and numerous buildings are to his credit, including mosques, gardens, hammams (baths), caravansarais, bazaars and hawailian (stately homes) or palaces. A town was also established by him near Gujranwala called Wazirabad after his name. in his home town of Chiniot, he built ponds, wells, caravansarais, hospitals and bazaars. He also provided his native city with a fortified wall. Although, his buildings are not huge in their sizes, their ornamentation and the use of kashjkari, has turned them into monuments of great esteem. He built a residential hawaili, inside the Shah ‘Almi Gate, Lahore, remembered by historians as parimahal (fairy palace). It is stated that he bedecked his palace with such splendor that no other amir (reverential personage) in the sub-continent had ever done before. He chose the site for the construction of the Wazir Khan Mosque, which was a central place of Lahore at that time and the foundations were laid in 1634. Khan’s veneration for the mosque as well as his altruistic nature led him to dedicate most of his property for the expenses of the construction of the mosque. It is said that a few months before his death when one day he was entering Agra, while crossing the Hathipol his horse stumbled and fell down, Khan was seriously injured. The historians state that in his will Khan bequeathed all his property to the emperor. Wazir Khan is not dead; he is still alive in form of mosques, buildings and gems that he presented to Lahore and other cities of Punjab. Most of the places he built are the biggest tourist attractions and we must respect this man for giving us these unique pieces of heritage.

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Jaan. M. Khan

Jaanvegas1@gmail.com ONLY GOD FORGIVES A NEW CHANCE FOR PAKISTAN AND THE PROMISE OF JINNAH

“Insanity is doing the same things over and over again and expecting different results” Albert Einstein The party formed by Imran Khan has finally achieved its goal off smashing the two main electoral parties of Pakistan the PML and PPP, who have governed over the state exchanging various terms of government, sprinkled with the military who sought it necessary to take control at various stages since its formation in 1947.

Do you think Zardari or Sharif wanted a land full of educated and independent people, who chose their leaders on merit and were able to fully understand the issues at stake?. Do you think they cared about the millions living in abject poverty?. Do you think they cared about the lack of any basic health system, where children, women and the elderly die regularly from simple and curable diseases due to a lack of vaccines and basic drugs?. Because if they had then they would have took every waking step in their many years of power over the history of Pakistan to stop this, to build hospitals and schools, bring about social justice, opportunity for the poor and an end to feudalism and corruption.

Pakistan is the same age as Israel, both founded on principles of religion and allocated to those people, so that they may live and thrive. Israel was a land of dry dirt and sand, disputed with the history of another people, involved in constant warfare and threat. It is now one of the most important countries in the world, with a population of 8.5 million, the deserts have been transformed into lush fields of green grass and after Silicon Valley in California it is the world innovation centre of new technology and research, My dear brothers and sisters just as the Pakistanis of duel heritage, which benefits mankind generally.

They the opposition will now unite to try and de-rail the plan of regeneration for Pakistan as proposed by Imran Khan and PTI. They will form a coalition made up of corrupt politicians who have lost their seats, corrupt Mullahs who have been rejected and others of their ilk who worry about a day of reckoning, when they will have to answer for the decades of misplaced funds destined for the poor, which ended up in their bank accounts. They have already tried and failed to reverse Imran Khans popularity with the youth and strong support from the women of Pakistan, attempting to portray him as an apologist for the Taliban. “Don’t listen to a person who has answers listen to a person who has the questions” Albert Einstein For decades the two ruling parties of Pakistan (PML & PPP) have told the masses they have the answers to the shortages of electric, the economic decline, social injustice and terrorism. The answer in each case was the fault of the other, depending upon who was in power and the solution

Return of The King: A victorious Leader: Imran Khan and his PTI party are to form the next government. “Come forward as servants of Islam organise the people economically, socially, educationally and politically and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody”. Mohammed Ali Jinnah. ( Quied-Azam The Great Leader) Pakistan is a rich land of milk and honey, with reserves of oil, gas and precious minerals, fertile, with one of only three countries to have four seasons at any one time within its borders, a nation of 200 million people and the guardians of a nuclear weapon. It has today a third of its people living in poverty, without clean water, internal destabilisation by extremist factions and terrorist groups, rampant corruption achieving status only below Zimbabwe as the second most corrupt country, high infant mortality, mass unemployment, and the wasted potential of its people, injustice, and decay. The people have now finally stopped doing the same thing again and again, with their various cheerleaders, always stressing a different outcome each time. The two political families of the Sharif’s and the Bhutto’s, with their assortment of corrupt mullahs and their hangers on attempting to form dynastic politics and become modern day Pharaohs, have been rejected, at least in the short term. Pakistan now has a chance and one of the few it will ever get, to develop and turn around, to maximise its potential and embrace the world’s largest economic powerhouse sitting on its doorstep China. For decades the two ruling parties have alleged that they each embody the principles of the founder of the state Mohammed Ali Jinnah. They have casually associated themselves with him in order to basque in the reverence people rightly hold him in. Pictures of him adore the background of their speeches and national buildings, with his birthday marked as a national holiday in the country, with the TV channels showing wall to wall archive footage of him each year. Yet the reality is both the parties wanted to wear the cloths of Jinnah for political gain, but never wanted to tread in his footsteps, because his was a vision of a thriving, modern secular state, where the people had equality and justice paramount, with opportunity and principle.

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from Europe, America and elsewhere cannot comprehend the decay of corruption and roadside poverty which is spread throughout the country and so visible, that it clouds your thoughts on every visit. So too have the ruling parties of PML & PPP and their corrupt mullahs vaccinated themselves against ever being affected by

is to re-install their government ( which may have been twice previously removed or dissolved due to corruption- but never mind the details as the majority don’t read or write or have enough to eat each day). Nobody could ask the questions or speak for the poor because they were all on the payroll and in need of something, so they went along with the status quo. The clergy (Muller Parties), who in Europe campaign for social justice, the poor and weak, were in Pakistan only asking one question of what they will get in terms of power and money. Only a person who didn’t have their needs (Imran Khan) was outside of their club could honestly ask the questions, which everyone knew, but dared speak. Now that that person is in power we can have legitimacy in his answers as to the solution.

Leader of PTI Imran Khan poster featuring Mohamed Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan this. To them the people of Pakistan are a disposable commodity, to serve them, the elites, without thought or question and by pulling the ladders of opportunity (education, employment, health), restricting them to those with money and influence, they maintained this power over the people since its formation. This and this only can explain their combined hostility to the likes of Imran khan, because he doesn’t want what they want, (money & power) and he speaks the unspeakable, lifting the people from poverty, education the women and poor and providing employment opportunity and social justice.

Let us hope and pray that the opportunity accorded by God, to the people of Pakistan, is one that can bring about a homeland based on the spirit of that envisioned by Mohamed Ali Jinnah (free, educated, land of justice and opportunity) and underpinned by the universal guiding principles of The prophet Mohamed (PBUH), ( a beacon of justice, tolerant and compassionate).

“ No Nation can rise to the heights of glory unless your women are side by side with you “ Mohammed Ali Jinnah Queid-E-Azam (The Great Leader)

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Record 68.5 Million People Displaced Worldwide

Damning UN report says three people will become displaced by the time you to read this headline... Violence, war and other forms of persecution forced a record 68.5 million people to flee their homes in 2017, notably in places like Myanmar and Syria, the UN has said. According to the new report released by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the number of displaced people around the world reached a record high. The UN has also revealed in a damning new report that also shows a dramatic drop in the willingness of wealthy nations to welcome refugees. Turkey topped the list of countries that hosted the most refugees last year, with 3.5 million. Intractable conflicts in Syria, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Myanmar were among the greatest drivers of movement, forcing people to leave their homes and in some cases their countries. The annual report suggests, that on average, a person became displaced every two seconds last year

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The report showed that 16.2 million people were freshly displaced last year, and included those forced to flee for the first time as well as those who had been previously displaced. This equates to some 44,500 people being pushed out of their homes every day - or one person every two seconds, UNHCR said. Of the 68.5 million people who were forcibly displaced, 25.4 million (with over half of them children) were refugees who fled their home countries. U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi said in a statement. “No one becomes a refugee by choice; but the rest of us can have a choice about how we help.” Syria's seven-year conflict alone had, by the end of last year, pushed more than 6.3 million people out of the country, accounting for nearly one-third of the global refugee population. Another 6.2 million Syrians are internally displaced. The global refugee population stood at 25.4 million at the end of 2017, the report said. That figure included 5.4 million Palestinian refugees who were under the watch of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency. Of the remaining 19.9 million refugees under UNHCR’s watch, nearly two-thirds came from just five countries: Syria with 6.3 million, Afghanistan with 2.6 million, South Sudan with 2.4 million, Myanmar with 1.2 million and Somalia with 986,400. The figures debunked the perception that the refugee crisis primarily affects developed nations. According to the report, low-income developing nations hosted about 85 percent of the world’s refugees under UNHCR’s watch. The agency said it hopes its new blueprint for addressing refugee crises, the Global Compact on Refugees, will help the international community cooperate more closely when responding to the issue.

Is Your Child School Ready? If your child is starting school this September, make sure they are school ready and have had all of their pre-school vaccinations. There are currently measles outbreaks across the country. The MMR vaccine protects your child against measles, mumps and rubella. Your child is only protected when they have had both doses of their MMR vaccine. If you are unsure please contact your GP who should be able to advise. Measles is a highly infectious viral illness that can be very unpleasant and sometimes lead to serious complications. Make sure your child is vaccinated this summer; let this be one less thing for you to worry about when they start school.

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India PM Modi Speaks To Imran Khan, Calls For Neighbourhood Peace Modi also congratulated him for his party emerging as the largest political party in the National Assembly of Pakistan Prime Minister Narendra Modi spoke to former Pakistani cricketer Imran Khan, whose Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party has emerged as the largest party on the country's general elections, and called for peace and development in the South Asian neighbourhood. "Prime Minister spoke to Imran Khan, Chairperson of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party and congratulated him for his party emerging as the largest political party in the National Assembly of Pakistan in the recently conducted general elections," the External Affairs Ministry said in a statement. "Prime Minister expressed hope that democracy will take deeper roots in Pakistan," the statement said, adding Modi "also reiterated his vision of peace and development in the entire neighbourhood". India’s foreign ministry spokesperson has expressed a desire to form better relations with the new Pakistani government. Raveesh Kumar said in his statement that India wishes the best to the new government and wants to see Pakistan prosperous. He also said that he hopes that with Pakistan’s new government tackles the issues pertaining to extremism with strength. He also said that he hopes that this can be a new step towards a more stable and peaceful South Asia.

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First Sheedi Woman To Enter Sindh Assembly Among many firsts that have recently been introduced in the country’s parliamentary politics, many of them are credited to the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). Tanzeela Qambrani is another addition to the list, being the first Sindhi Sheedi woman to be part of the provincial legislature. In Sindh society, where people with African ancestry are still being discriminated against, Tanzeela is no exception. She has experienced her share of prejudice from society. A postgraduate in computer science from the University of Sindh, Qambrani, 39, will be the first Sheedi in the Sindh Assembly, on the PPP’s quota of reserved seats for women. “This is a bold step (getting a Sheedi elected to Sindh Assembly) that required cour-

age, which no one but the son of Benazir Bhutto could do, and he did it,” said Qambrani, a mother of three. Qambrani’s name bears a similarity with the country from where her great grandparents hailed. “My father told us that his grandparents were brought to Sindh around a century ago from Tanzania,” she said. “That’s why one of my sisters was married off in Tanzania.” “Before this day,” said Qambrani, choking with emotion, “we, the Sheedi community, were still on the unending stairs of a ship. Today, it seems we have finally made landfall after centuries of ordeal.” “Many kind souls came across me and they helped a great deal … and the greatest example of it is our (PPP) chairman Bilawal Bhutto (Zardari),” she said.

Women Voters Make History In A Remote Khushab Village A Khushab village notorious for lack of participation of women in all prived of their right to franchise. Similarly, in Bhakkar, over 300 previous elections in the country saw women voters thronging to women voters at a polling station were deprived of the right to vote polling stations on Wednesday. by their male kin. Additional deputy commissioner Asma Ijaz Cheema said that efforts by a group of volunteers aided by the administration bore fruit and women were enabled to cast ballots in Gagh Kalan village for the first time in the country’s history. She said that a few volunteers had taken the responsibility of increasing awareness about the importance of vote in the village, adding that these volunteers went door to door to contact women voters. The volunteers contacted the district administration and requested that separate polling stations should be established women. Speaking on the occasion, a few women voters said they were happy to have cast their votes. In NA 150, Mohripur, Kabeerwala, however, women remained de-

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The Conflict Of Kashmir And The Role Of The United Nations Organization Created in 1846 from the territories, formerly, under the Sikh Empire after the First Anglo-Sikh War (1845 – 1846) between the Sikh Empire and the East India Company, Jammu and Kashmir was a princely state of the British Empire in India from 1846 until 1947 and ruled by a Jamwal Rajput Dogra Dynasty and Sovereign Monarchy from 1947 to 1952. Currently, 43% of the region is administered by India, while controlling such areas, as the Kashmir Valley, Jammu, Ladakh and Siachen Glacier. Pakistan is in control of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit – Baltistan, which constitutes, approximately, 37% of the region. However, the remaining 20% of the region is administered by China, which is mostly uninhabited and contains the Shaksgam Valley and the Aksai Chin region. Apart from involving in various skirmishes and combats over control of the Siachen Glacier, India and Pakistan have fought three wars, as a result of the Kashmir conflict. Also known, sometimes, as the First Kashmir War, the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 – 1948 took place between the two countries over princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. The second war fought between India and Pakistan over Kashmir was the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, which witnessed the largest engagement of armoured vehicles and the largest tank battle since World War II and caused thousands of casualties on both sides. The third major war fought between the two nuclear countries, in association with the Kashmir issue, is known as the Kargil War, the Kargil Conflict or also referred to, as ‘Operation Vijay’, in India. Fought between May and June, 1999, in the Kargil district of Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control, this was an armed conflict between India and Pakistan, which caused huge damages and destruction on both sides, as well. The people of Kashmir have been fighting for their right of self-determination for, almost, the last 71 years since the creation of two independent countries (Pakistan and India) of the subcontinent in 1947. This is the same right of self-determination of the people of Kashmir that has been endorsed in one of the recommendations made by the OHCHR (Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights) to the Human Rights Council in the recent UN Report (2018) on Kashmir, which says, as ‘Fully respect the right of self-determination of the people of Kashmir, as protected under international law’. Self-determination is the ability or power to make decisions for yourself, especially the power of a nation to decide how it will be governed. This is why the people of Kashmir do not care for their lives, but make so many sacrifices and become the victims of persecution, abuse, tyranny and torture by the Indian security forces because they want

to be able to decide their own destiny themselves and choose for themselves how to live as a nation. Established in 1945 after World War II, as a replacement or substitute for the ineffective League of Nations of 1920, the United Nations is an intergovernmental organization created for the promotion of international cooperation and maintenance of international order. Like other of its functions, the United Nations has always tried to resolve issues and conflicts among the nations and bring peace to the world. Although these were the early years of the establishment of the UN when the Kashmir conflict began, yet this international organization proved to be fully ready for cooperation with the two nations (India and Pakistan) for resolving this issue. As part of its efforts for finding out an effective solution to the Kashmir problem, the United Nations set up the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP), and its Security Council passed Resolution 47 on April 21, 1948, for imposing immediate cease-fire between the two rival countries and paving the way for holding a plebiscite on giving the people of Kashmir the opportunity to decide whether to accede to India or Pakistan. For demilitarisation of the Indian and Pakistani forces in Kashmir and finding a solution agreeable to both India and Pakistan, the subcontinent was visited by the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan three times between 1948 and 1949, but no satisfactory agreement was reached between the two hostile countries. It was due to the peace process initiated by the UN for bringing an end to the Kashmir conflict that the UN Security Council President General, McNaughton, was assigned the task of meeting both Indian and Pakistani leaders in 1949 for the appropriate withdrawal and demilitarisation of both the forces of India and Pakistan. However, McNaughton’s mission did not succeed in the beginning, as it was rejected by India on several grounds. Anyway, the proposals presented by McNaughton bore fruit, as the Security Council passed the resolution for arranging the demilitarisation scheme which was, later, accepted by India on March 14, 1950, too. The United Nations invited Sir Owen Dixon (a prominent Australian judge and diplomat) on May 27, 1950, to play his role as the official mediator of the UN between the governments of India and Pakistan for implementing the demilitarisation proposals for the State of Kashmir made by McNaughton. Dixon offered alternative suggestions and proposals for the demilitarisation and holding of a fair plebiscite before the Indian and Pakistani leaders on various occasions in order to convince

5 Teas Of The World Tea is a drink that is an essential part of almost every culture around the world. It is a daily ritual without which millions of families across the borders would feel a void in their day. Today, I’ll be listing down the top 5 types of teas found around the world. Green Tea - Green tea is distinctly strenuous to process before its leaves are ready to be sold compared to the simplicity of making a cup of green tea at home. Green tea can be yielded by either steaming or pan-frying. It has numerous benefits for our bodies including; improving brain function, stimulating physical performance and speeding up the process of fat burning. Black Tea - Being one of the most commonly preferred teas in the world, of course it has its own unique ben-

efits. It is highly caffeinated compared to other teas and hence, is an excellent alternative to coffee. Its benefits include regulation of your heart’s health, cholesterol and blood pressure. Even though making black tea is comparatively more laborious than other teas, the methods of brew-

ing this tea are well known worldwide. White Tea - White Tea’s positive reputation mostly owes to the fact that its leaves are least processed – harvested in bud form. Unlike the impression its name gives

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away, it has a pale yellow colour and a resonant taste. It’s a substantial fluid to consume for weight loss, works against heart disease and also against skin aging. Ginger Tea - This is a type of herbal tea that not only provides you with several disease-fighting antioxidants, mainly contained in the gingerol, but also with a highly satisfying taste and spices. Making ginger tea is a fairly uncomplicated process and can be done only with the availability of ginger and water. Sage Tea - Sage tea is slowly gaining popularity as research is proving it to be extremely beneficial for brain health, like fighting against Alzheimer’s disease. In addition to that, this tea has an incredible scent and is found to be quite soothing for sore throats.

them for resolving the issue, in light of his professional experience, but his proposals were rejected, most of the time, by the Indian Prime Minister (Jawaharlal Nehru) and sometimes, by Pakistan. Despite the failure of Sir Owen Dixon to convince the two countries for reaching an agreement on demilitarisation of Kashmir, the United Nations continued its efforts to sort the Kashmir issue out and bring the relations between India and Pakistan to normal. Thus, the Security Council appointed Dr. Frank Graham as the representative for India and Pakistan on behalf of the UN on April 30, 1951 for making the two countries willing to come to an agreement on demilitarising Kashmir and pave the way for holding a plebiscite. Like his predecessors, Dr. Frank Graham offered a demilitarisation plan before holding a plebiscite in Kashmir, but it was India again to reject the plan and not to agree with what the UN representative for India and Pakistan wanted to suggest for resolving the Kashmir issue. Not only this, but India also refused to accept an alternative proposal by Dr. Frank Graham by binding both the countries to gradually and proportionally decrease the number of their forces to a minimum that they had in Kashmir. The interesting point during the process of mediation and arbitration by Dr. Frank Graham is that he faced rejection for any of his proposals for resolving the conflict from India whenever he suggested a new plan, but did not lose his heart and was ready to propose a new plan one after the other. However, he got shocked and disheartened, on several occasions when India refused to accept any proposal for the resolution of the problem by him, as a mediator and a representative of the United Nations for India and Pakistan, in connection with the Kashmir conflict. As a result, he reported his failure, on three occasions during his mediation process, to the Security Council by not being able to bring the two hostile countries to the negotiation table successfully. The UN did not give up its efforts for resolving the Kashmir issue between India and Pakistan, despite the failures of its several representatives to successfully mediate between the two countries and set up a United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) for the observation and reporting of any violation of the ceasefire that would take place, as result of the Karachi agreement signed by both India and Pakistan in March, 1951. Last but not least, a funny attitude adopted by India, in association with the ceasefire violations, is that India is not now ready even to accept the role of the UNMOGIP, established by the UN for keeping an eye on the com-

mitment of the two nations to the ceasefire agreement. Thus, India puts the mandate or authority of the UNMOGIP aside by violating the ceasefire agreement that took place between the two countries with the cooperation of the United Nations and is not willing to let the UNMOGIP observe and report any ceasefire violations. Notwithstanding the hesitation of India to accept the role of the UN in resolving the Kashmir issue (particularly, to obey the ceasefire agreement), the SecretaryGeneral of the United Nations is of the opinion that the UNMOGIP has still the same power to observe and report the ceasefire violations between the two countries and maintain the peace process. In spite of all these efforts made by the United Nations for sorting out the Kashmir conflict, India has proved at, almost, every stage to interrupt the peace process in some way and keep the international community away from meddling in and touching the topic of the issue of Kashmir, because India is fully aware of the outcome of the peaceful solution of the Kashmir which can result in loss for India, and India never wants to lose such a significant piece of land on Earth, as the region of Jammu and Kashmir. Therefore, India neither wants to get the international community (like the UN) involved in the peace process of the issue of Kashmir nor does it want Pakistan to support and help the innocent people of Kashmir in getting their right of self-determination. However, this is not the solution of the problem to leave India alone to do whatever it wants and does, as the people of Kashmir have been suffering for the last, almost, seventy-one years at the hands of the Indian forces and the Hindu extremist groups, factions and organizations, as a punishment for their determination and struggle to live as a free, independent and autonomous nation. Thus, this is hugely important for every human being in the world and, specifically, India, Pakistan and the United Nations, to find a suitable solution for enabling the people of Kashmir to decide their own destiny and live as a proud and free nation. We hope that, one day, the United Nations may be able to succeed in its efforts for resolving the Kashmir conflict either in the form of the successful East Timor Special Autonomy Referendum, held on 30 August, 1999, in which the East Timorese people voted for independence from Indonesia and now live their lives as a separate, free and independent nation or the people of Kashmir should be given the opportunity to use their natural right of self-determination, as a referendum that passed with 98.83% of the vote of South Sudanese people on 9 July, 2011, which liberated them, as an independent nation by seceding from the Republic of Sudan.

Amir Khan Announces Donation For Construction Of Dams In Pakistan British boxer Amir Khan has announced a donation of one million rupees for construction of dams in Pakistan. This announcement was made by the renowned sports personality in a video message. He also promised to donate millions more once he visits Pakistan after his forthcoming fight in the United States. The government has established ‘Diamer-Bhasha and Mohmand Dam Fund’ in pursuit of the instructions of the Supreme Court. The chief justice has passed a short but historic judgment for the construction of both dams while hearing a case against water scarcity. The fund shall receive donations and contributions from both domestic and international donors, individuals and companies, and the general public has been requested to contribute generously. “I am here in America training for my next fight. I have seen reports on Facebook, TV and news that people are dying because they are not getting clean and drinking water. Pakistan is on a shortage of water. I am showing my support. I want all the celebrities and high-profile people of Pakistan and local people of Pakistan to show their support. How we can support that is by donating, so I today donate a million rupees,” Amir Khan said. Underlining importance of water he said, “This is a crisis we are going through and we all need to stick together . Water is something that we take as granted. We go into shower we leave the water on. We drink

water and throw it. We wash our cars in water. So, this is taken as granted.” Requesting all the nation to donate funds for this cause, he promised to donate a lot more once he

comes to Pakistan. “After my fight, I will come to Pakistan and donate a lot, lot more. I wanna you guys to donate as well. “Let’s get behind Pakistan and build these dams, clean these dams, fix these dams. Insha Allah, we can all be one and fix the problem of water in Pakistan.” The government of Pakistan has established the fund to overcome shortage of water and power in the country. The top judge also donated Rs1 million for the cause. Earlier, the armed forces also announced to contribute for the purpose, as officers would contribute their twoday pay while soldiers will contribute one-day salary.

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Royal Family Spending In 2017 The British royal family made more money in the financial year that ended on March 31, documents revealed. The two sets of documents provided new insights into how the royal family earned, distributed and spent its money, One of the official reports, which covers the finances of Prince Charles, shows the budget category that includes funding for William, Kate and Harry increased roughly 40% to £5 million. In recent years, Prince Charles and his wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall, have increased spending in the category at more modest rates of up to 10 per cent. Charles and Camilla rely on a mix of public and private money to finance their

work and lives. Harry’s wedding to Meghan Markle on May 19 has sparked huge public interest in their finances, but the royal family and British government have declined to give details about their wedding spending. The reports also cover the Sovereign Grant, which is the Queen’s main source of income. The Queen received £76.1 million free of tax from the Sovereign Grant in the year ended March, a 78% increase from the previous year that will help finance an extensive 10-year renovation of Buckingham Palace. She will get another 8% boost in the current financial year.

Amir Khan To Face Samuel Vargas In September

Britain's Amir Khan will continue his comeback against Samuel Vargas in Birmingham on 8 September. The Bolton fighter did not fight for two years after a brutal defeat at the hands of Saul 'Canelo' Alvarez in 2016. Khan, 31, returned to the ring in April with a 40-second knockout of Canada's Phil lo Greco in April. "One of my aims this year was to be as active as possible so I'm very happy to get back in the ring again so soon," said Khan. "Vargas is a tough and well-schooled fighter who has shared the ring with some top welterweights. "I have to get past Vargas before looking at the biggest challenges going forward. I'm not going to

be taking Vargas lightly because I know he will be coming with everything on September 8." The 29-year-old Colombian's three career losses include defeats against Danny Garcia and Errol Spence Jr, who have previously knocked out Khan and Sheffield's Kell Brook.

Tel: 0114 399 7111 Mob: 07806662220

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