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OFCOM AWARDS TWO NEW COMMUNITY RADIO LICENCES FOR UNITY FM AND IMAN FM Several events have already been held in Sheffield and Rotherham in celebration of the news that two new community radio licences have been awarded by Ofcom, the independent regulator and competition authority for the UK communications industries. A great sense of excitement has been evident as many members of the community have welcomed the long awaited news.

Unity FM, a project of the Pakistan Muslim Centre (PMC) and Iman FM – a project of IMAN Media UK Limited have each been granted a five year licence which means that both stations will be broadcasting for 24 hours a day to their respective broadcast areas within Sheffield and Rotherham. Both organisations are well known and respected in the community with previous experience of broadcasting. CONT...PAGE 6

First Batch Of Syrian Refugees Arrive In Britain The first batch of Syrian refugees has arrived in Britain as part of a government scheme aimed at supporting several hundred of the "most vulnerable" over the next three years, the British Home Office said. The refugees would be granted five years' humanitarian protection under Britain's Vulnerable Persons Relocation (VPR) scheme, with the rights and benefits that go with that status, including access to public funds

and the labour market and the possibility of family reunion. The UK has joined international efforts to provide solutions for Syrian refugees in the form of resettlement or relocation to safe third countries. A number of local authorities in Britain have already signed up to support the relocation scheme, with further discussions ongoing with other authorities. Announced by the home office in January, the VPR scheme aims to

provide protection in the country to "particularly vulnerable Syrian refugees who are at grave risk". The home office has said Britain has received around 3,800 Syrian asylum seekers since the beginning of the conflict in Syria, but did not provide concrete numbers of the admitted refugees. The next group of Syrian refugees are expected to arrive in Britain in later this month.

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Our community Over the past few months Javid Khan has been talking to many local people in the ‘Lakes’ district and other areas along the Abbeydale road corridor, and has heard many worried comments about anti-social behaviour by groups of young boys in their mid-teens. Some residents are intimidated by the behaviour itself, and others worry that their own younger children might pick up bad behaviour habits. Javid met with two community officers to provide them with more information and to discuss how this problem can be resolved. They promised they

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ferred to court. Once the Council gets a court order, the local authority will start action to try and get the money. This can involve deducting money from people's benefits or wages. If the Council is unable to claim the money, they will arrange for a bailiff to visit the premises. This will incur further charges Reminders about late payments for each subsequent visit. are always sent out but then if they are ignored, cases are re- As from 6 April, new legislation

Sheffield Hallam MP and Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg MP, has revealed that a major childcare package is set to help 15,860 families in Sheffield. Working families will be given up to £2,000 to ease the cost of childcare as part of a scheme to be rolled out in Autumn 2015. The Government has said it will provide 20 per cent support on childcare costs up to £10,000 per year for each child. For ex-

means that these bailiff visit fees will be replaced by a fixed 'compliance' fee of £75 which will be charged as soon as an unpaid account is passed for enforcement action. If payments are still not made, a visit by the bailiff - or enforcement officer as they will be known - will mean a further charge of £235 to the household or business.

Sheffield Academy Chain Under Fire A national academy chain which runs a Sheffield secondary school has come under fire after the first mass inspection of schools run by a single organisation. Ofsted found that an overwhelming proportion of pupils attending 16 academies run by the E-ACT Multi-Academy Trust were not receiving a good education. But Parkwood Academy in Shirecliffe was found to be bucking the trend - it was one

of only five out 16 schools rated ‘good’ or ‘outstanding’. E-ACT runs 34 schools across the country and the 16 inspections were carried out in a coordinated drive over a two-week period. Inspectors looked not just at the effectiveness of each school, but also looked at the impact of the support and challenge given to them by E-ACT. The trust has now been told by ministers to give up control of 10 of its schools.

would put more patrols into the area and would make it clear to the teenagers involved, that this behaviour was unacceptable and would have to stop. “Since that meeting”, says Javid, “we have met with a community officer again and were pleased to hear that patrols were now being mounted on a regular basis. We know there is no malice intended by these lads, but they need to realise their behaviour can be frightening to younger children and elderly folk. I hope that their parents will also remind them of their responsibility to our local community”,

Thousands Of Sheffield Families To Get Help With Childcare Costs – Nick Clegg MP

People Urged To Pay Their Council Tax On Time Residents and businesses are being urged to pay their Council Tax and business rates on time to avoid rising penalties. The Government is shortly bringing in a hefty increase to the fees that councils then have to charge people who haven't paid their bills on time.

Javid Khan

Parkwood’s performance was one of the best in the chain - it improved from ‘satisfactory’ to ‘good’ and its effectiveness had grown significantly since its last check up. Of the other 15, 11 were failing to provide a good education, with five of those judged to be inadequate. And 10 academies had failed to improve since their previous inspection, with six having a poorer grade.

ample, it means a family with two children under 12-years-old could benefit by up to £4,000 as a result. In total nearly 40,000 families across South Yorkshire will benefit. In addition to Sheffield, 6,990 working families will benefit in Barnsley, 9,110 in Doncaster and 7,770 in Rotherham. Nick Clegg MP said: “This news provides a huge boost to hardworking families in Shef-

field. “The Liberal Democrats are committed to building a stronger economy and a fairer society and this helps children get off to the best start in life.” “These measures will help parents to go to work and provide security for their families.” The Government has also said people on Universal Credit will get 85 per cent of childcare costs fully covered.

Moor Market Pulls In Millionth Customer Shoppers have voted with their feet since the Moor Market opened in Sheffield with one million customers coming through the doors in just three months. Traders at the new Moor Market have declared the first three months a success after hitting the millionth customer milestone earlier than expected following their move from Castlegate on 25 November 2013. An estimated 25,000 people passed through its doors on

the first day alone – 5,000 more than the busiest Saturday at the old Castle Market. The footfall numbers have been steadily maintained with the region’s shoppers showing their continued support for local independent traders. Councillor Julie Dore, Leader of Sheffield City Council, said: “The millionth customer is such a fantastic milestone and a huge economic boost for The Moor, which we hope to see continue in future.

The new market is not only an investment in terms of the stunning building, but an investment in Sheffield-run independent businesses and the future economy of the city. The new Moor Market mixes traditional fresh food stalls with specialist and artisan stalls, with a strong focus on fresh produce. It also offers everything from clothing to bags, photography to pet supplies and much more. It is open from 8.30am to 5.30pm, Monday to Saturday.

Sheffield Greenest City In The World

Sheffield has been hailed as the greenest city on the planet after sending the lowest amount of waste to landfill ‘in the world’. Cllr Mohammad Maroof tweeted “Great news for the city and great achievement for labour lead City Council - Well done”.

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DARNALL SHOPS MAKEOVER Local shops in a Sheffield district centre are getting a makeover in a pilot project aimed at putting the heart back into the area. Work started at the end of March to refurbish 47 shop frontages in Darnall, giving them new signage and guttering, and sprucing them up. All the shops are independent stores. Darnall has been chosen for the scheme because of the area’s potential to become a thriving hub for the community. The work is expected to take around six months and is part of

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Sheffield City Council’s strategy to help, support and promote local shopping centres. The scheme is funded by the Local Growth Fund, which is the money awarded to the council for building new homes or bringing empty homes back into use. Darnall centre has a strong community and excellent transport links, but has many shops in poor state of repair. This will help the area become more attractive to shoppers and boost the centre’s potential. Regenerating shopping centres

can put the heart back into a district and make it a place where people want to live and businesses want to invest. If this approach proves successful we will look at using it in other district centres facing similar issues. The wider regeneration framework for the centre includes improvements to the general street scene to make the area feel cleaner and safer, training and support for traders, and encouraging housing development on nearby vacant sites

‘Gift Of Vision’ Country Tour Another successful fundraising event for the Al Mustafa Welfare Trust took place at the Rio Grande in Bradford. Al Mustafa Welfare Trust is touring the country as part of its ‘Gift of Vision’ tour to help the partially blind and set up eye camps in Kashmir and Pakistan. The event was attended by many generous people and distinguished guests included President of Azad Kashmir Sardar Yaqub Khan, international nasheed artist, Ahmed Hussain, and Ch Karamat Hussain.

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Nikki Bond - Our Local Labour Party Candidate that Nasima will get elected on 22 May as our third Labour Councillor, to continue this effort, and we are working hard in the community to explain to people why they should vote for her. I’m incredibly passionate about Nether Edge ward, so it has been with a lot of careful thought and consideration that I’ve come to the decision to stand for the parliamentary seat of Heeley. I’m confident I can transfer the skills and experience I have gained over the past couple of years as In January this year, Meg Munn a Councillor and prove MP announced her decision to myself as a really good hardstep down at the General Elec- working Member of Parliament. tion in 2015. ILM News covered the story at the time and nu- I’ve been a member of the Lamerous tributes followed from bour party for 12 years and an people saying how grateful they activist for most of that time. were for all her hard work. Whilst at University, I was the Chair of Labour Students and I I’ve been a Councillor for Nether got involved with the Britain in Edge ward for just 2 years but so Europe campaign. After gradumuch has been crammed into ating, I became an Ambassador that time that it could have been for the Joseph Rowntree Trust longer. I’ve made some great POWER Inquiry into the State working relationships with peo- of British Democracy, and a few ple in the community, local busi- years later I was elected as the ness owners, members of the Events Officer for the Young EuMosques and partner agencies. ropean Movement. Working with the community is I’ve worked alongside Council- at the centre of everything I do lor Qurban Hussain and local because there is no point camactivist Nasima Akther to tackle paigning on issues if you don’t a variety of issues including road know what local residents feel. safety, anti-social behaviour, em- That is why I supported the Fair ployment and skills, and com- Deal for Sheffield Campaign and munity cohesion. I’m optimistic got behind the Living Wage and

Energy Price Freeze Promise. Only this week, I was in Barkers Pool with the National Union of Teachers to show my support and solidarity for their strike in protest at the Government’s handling of the education system. Last summer I attended two rallies against the fascist English Defence League, to make it known that there is no place for racism and prejudice in Sheffield. I’m driven by values of standing up for the most vulnerable in society, giving a helping hand to those who need it most, and making sure that everyone has an equal chance of reaching their potential. I’m passionate about equal rights and keen to see broader representation in positions of power, such as in Parliament and on Executive Boards. As MP for Sheffield Heeley, I would make a commitment to spend time really listening to what people have to say. Whether you live on a Council estate, or run a business in a leafy suburb, I’ll be there to take on board your concerns and represent them at national level. In order for me to stand for election as MP for Sheffield Heeley, I need to be selected by members of the Labour party. The application process began on Thursday 27th March and the Labour parliamentary candidate will be selected on 10th May. For a candidate who really cares, please vote Nikki Bond for Heeley.

£1.1M Of Sheffield School Improvements To Deliver Nick Clegg’s Free School Meals More than £1.1 million is being spent on improving Sheffield’s primary and infant schools as part of plans to provide free school meals for all children in Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 from September 2014. Nick Clegg, Liberal Democrat MP for Sheffield Hallam, has welcomed the investment. It is part of a £150 million national fund announced by the Coalition Government in December 2013, which helps schools build new kitchens or increase dining capacity where necessary. An estimated 10,805 children

in Sheffield will benefit from a free lunch from September 2014 - thanks to the Liberal Democrats. The measure that will save families £400 a year per child while helping to raise school standards and cut the attainment gap. Nick Clegg MP, said: "We’re making sure that schools are not left out of pocket by putting the investment on the table to fund new kitchen and dining facilities where they are needed. I’m delighted that Sheffield will see more than £1.1m in improvements.

"Every child deserves the best possible start in life, and at the same time we are doing all we can to help ease the pressure on household budgets. This not only encourages positive eating habits and helps improve concentration and performance in the classroom, but this will also mean significant savings for families. “Providing universal free school meals from this September will help give every child the future they deserve, building a stronger economy and a fairer society.”

National Award For Rotherham’s Child Sexual Exploitation Partnership Rotherham's Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) Team have been successful following their recent nomination for a prestigious national award in recognition of their work in this important area. The team were nominated as one of the forerunners for the award and received the news that they had been successful at the Awards ceremony that closed the first day of a national conference. The National Working Group (NWG) Network organised the conference entitled Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation - The Journey So Far for 18th and 19th March at the University of

Warwick. The conference featured international speakers and more than 30 discussion groups looking at effective and innovative practice around Child Sexual Exploitation. There was also a conference dinner, with the awards ceremony being the highlight. Rotherham's CSE team were recognised for undergoing 'the longest journey under challenging conditions' and were delighted when their name was announced as the national winners. This award follows a number of indicators that recognise the positive

journey of improvement that is taking place within Rotherham including the Ofsted report of 2012, an independent report from Barnardo's, the Diagnostic undertaken by the recently appointed Independent Chair of the Children's Safeguarding Board and the HMIC report. The NWG Network is a charitable organisation formed of over 1600 practitioners who work in the field of CSE and trafficked children within the UK. The organisation aims to offer support and advice to those working with children and young people who have been affected by sexual exploitation.

SHEFFIELD CELEBRATES 10 YEARS OF PROTECTING REFUGEES Sheffield has celebrated 10 years of offering protection to some of the world’s most vulnerable refugees. Sheffield was the first city in the UK to offer safe haven to refugees resettled under the UN’s Gateway Protection Programme with the first group arriving from Liberia on 19 March 2004. The city has since offered places to people fleeing states well known for conflict or poor human rights records, including Somalia, Myanmar, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Councillor Mazher Iqbal, Cabinet Member for Communities and

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Inclusion at Sheffield City Council, said: “I cannot imagine what it’s like for someone who has had to flee their country, often leaving their family, friends and everything they own behind. In the gateway Protection Programme’s 10 year history we have heard some truly harrowing stories about people’s fight for survival. “I’m really proud of the fact Sheffield was the first City of Sanctuary and that we have continued to show our support for people from across the world who need it the most. The fact we can welcome people who have

experienced such tragedy and upheaval and help them rebuild their lives, providing them with a sense of belonging, is fantastic and I’m grateful that we can do that in Sheffield.” Refugee resettlement involves the selection and transfer of refugees from the country they have fled to, often a country neighbouring their home state, to a third country which has agreed to admit them as refugees. Many resettled refugees have previously lived in refugee camps for years - some children are even born there and it is extremely unlikely that they will ever be able to return home. A resettlement place is their only chance to rebuild their lives in safety. Under the current system, the UK accepts up to 750 refugees from around the world every year for resettlement, with around 90 being hosted in Sheffield. Sheffield City Council and the Refugee Council work closely together to help people overcome trauma and settle into their new lives.

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Defibrillator Awareness Last year we ran the remarkable story of Tair who suffered a cardiac arrest at a football match. Luckily his friends who incidentally are doctors, were on hand and got him the treatment he needed on time. Dr Ripon Ahmed has taken the matter further and highlighted the need for defibrillators at sports venues across Sheffield. A defibrillator is a portable machine that can help restart the heart by delivering a controlled electric shock through the chest wall. Earlier this year doctors around the city, called for defibrillators to be as 'ubiquitous' as fire extinguishers, after research revealed that the machines were on-hand in public spaces

for just four percent of heart attacks The Lucozade Powerleague in Sheffield, where Tair had his cardiac arrest last year, has purchased a defibrillator as a result. Lets hope this practice is repeated across Sheffield and Rotherham and other sports facilities are encouraged to have defibrillators on hand. Some initiatives are already highlighting the value of the device. Westfield Health the Not-for-profit organisation has donated a number of defibrillators around Sheffield in its ‘Heart of Sheffield’ campaign. When someone has a cardiac arrest, defibrillation needs to be prompt. For every minute that

Dr Ripon Ahmed passes without defibrillation, chances of survival decrease by around ten per cent. It is estimated there are around 60,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in the UK each year. Of these, around 30,000 are treated by emergency medical services.

Dr Merban Ghani

SHEFFIELD SUPER TRAM MARK 20 YEAR JOURNEY It is exactly 20 years since trams rolled into Sheffield. A total of 15 million journeys are made on the network every year and now extensions are planned on the line. But, two decades on has it been a success? It must be the only public transport system to have an announcement to "hold tight please". The trill ring of its bell is a sound Sheffield would now seem strange without, but it has been a bumpy ride for Sheffield's Supertram. The city was actually one of the last places to stop using its original trams. The trolley buses came off the road in 1960 as car-use in South Yorkshire rocketed. More

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than 30 years after they had left the streets, trams had returned in Sheffield, but they were not popular. Supertram was first announced in 1985 and the stretch of track connecting Sheffield city centre with the new Meadowhall Shopping Centre opened in March 1994. For the first few years the scheme was seen as a failure. Cheaper, more regular buses were still the best way to get around the city and passengers trusted their commutes to wheels rather than rail. The first predictions of passenger numbers were well off the mark and there was concern the £240m it took to build the system

was looking like poor value for money. People in South Yorkshire were paying for a network that looked like it was not going anywhere. Who should bear the cost became a big issue. In 1998, a deal was done with the then Labour government so that costs were reduced, but people living in South Yorkshire were paying 5p a week each for Supertram. And they will still be paying for it for another 10 years. Fifteen million journeys are now made every year on the system and it is now profitable according to Stagecoach, which has the contract to run it until 2024. The tram system helped transform the centre of Sheffield including the filling in of the city's infamous Hole In the Road subway Twenty years on, with a wider network and plans for extension, Sheffield's Supertram is regarded as one of the city's success stories. Neighbouring Rotherham will soon see trams rolling into town with work expected to start this year on the government's ambitious Tram-Train project.

NEW COMMUNITY RADIO LICENCES CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1 The news of two licences being approved came as a surprise to commentators who were only expecting one licence for the area. Muhammad Ali, Chairperson of the Pakistan Muslim Centre feels that this may be because of the high standard of the applications. “We were able to show evidence to the satisfaction of the assessors that at PMC we have a substantial asset base, stable organisation, financial viability along with staff and directors with a broad range of expertise.” He was grateful to those who had contributed to the success of their bid “We had our own team working on this intensively over a period of time bringing together the different strands of the project. I’d like to thank in particular Waheed Akhtar, Ibrar Khan, Ahmed Deen, Dr Abdul Rob and Raja Mohammed Saqlain for working together

effectively to compile the successful bid. Many other people have also offered their support to us through this process and we look forward to working with them in the next stage. Underlying all this of course the community backing and support was essential.” Mohammed Shabbir Mughal of Iman FM said “We are very pleased to have successfully gained the five year licence. It’s something that the community has been waiting for over many years. We have been broadcasting with Radio Ramadhan Sheffield for fourteen years as well as Radio Hajj Sheffield and Radio Milad Sheffield. These were all for a period of one month at a time with the restricted service licence, yet we worked hard to establish a good reputation for the city, having set up the first Ramadhan radio in Sheffield. Now we can broadcast continuously for five years.”

He was also keen to acknowledge the support and contributions of a dedicated team working on the bid “I would like to thank the whole board and the community for their support in making this application successful, and in particular Hafiz Muhammad Anwar Zahidy and Muhammad Shoaib.” Ofcom’s decision to award the licences was based on both stations understanding community needs and being able to cater for those needs; their ability to maintain broadcasting over the licence period; and broadening the range of provision available in the area as well as a number of other criteria. Four other applications in Sheffield were unsuccessful. ILM News would like to congratulate all the community on the successful awards to Iman FM and Unity FM.

Celebratory party courtesy of Apna Restaurant Rotherham

Increase Of Asylum Applicants In EU In 2013, 435,000 asylum applicants were registered in the European Union (EU), 100,000 more than last year. Around 90 percent of the applicants are new while around 10 percent are repetitive applicants. A report said the highest number of applicants was registered in

Germany, followed by France, Sweden, Britain and Italy. These five member states accounted for 70 percent of all applicants registered in the EU in 2013. The report also said Syrians and Russians accounted for nearly a quarter of all asylum seekers and 65 percent of first instance

decisions made on asylum applications were rejections. The report defines Asylum applicant as a person having submitted an application for international protection or having been included in such application as a family member during the reference period.

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BRADFORD NEWS Direct Debit – Break Free From Your Bills People paying their Council Tax by Direct Debit could be in with a chance to win £12,000 and escape from their bills! Bradford Council is taking part in a national campaign to encourage people to pay their bills by Direct Debit. Anyone paying their Council Tax in this way by 30 June 2014 will be entered into a draw with the possibility of winning £12,000. For each new bill being paid by Direct Debit, the Council will donate 10p to the Lord May-

or’s Appeal, which this year is supporting Bradford Disability Sport and Leisure. In Bradford already over 100,000 households pay their Council Tax by Direct Debit. It is the easiest way to pay, as all you have to do is set it up once and your bank does all the rest. For more information about paying Council Tax by Direct Debit visit www.bradford.gov. uk/directdebit or call 01274 437866.

Applicants Invited To Bid For Cultural Activities Bradford Council is inviting applications for funding for cultural activities in support of the Tour de France. The Council is putting in place a small arts grants programme and organisations can apply for a grant from £500 to a £1,000. The funding announcement for creative projects coincides with the first ever Yorkshire Festival 2014 as the official countdown begins for the Tour de France. The Yorkshire Festival is the

first ever festival to precede the Tour de France in its 111 year history. Bradford Council wanted to support cultural activities during the Yorkshire Festival period and particularly over the weekend of the tour. There is a lot of cultural talent in the district. The application period will run from next Monday, March 31, to Wednesday, April 23. People can be as creative as they like, involving the local community.

CITY OF SANCTUARY AWARDED TO BRADFORD Following a comprehensive review, Bradford’s status as an official ‘City of Sanctuary ’, first awarded 3 years ago, has been wholeheartedly endorsed by the national City of Sanctuary movement. The award recognizes Bradford’s excellent record of welcoming and including those seeking asylum in the UK who have arrived in the city. These are people who have fled their home countries as a result of severe persecution due to their political beliefs, religious faith, membership of a particular social group or other reason defined in the 1951 Refugee Convention. The certificate to mark this award was officially presented to the Lord Mayor Coun Khadim Hussain by the City of Sanctuary movement, at a ceremony at City Hall. Bradford Council’s Deputy Leader Cllr Imran Hussain said: "This is an important award for Bradford , which has long established traditions of tolerance and humanitarianism and of offering safe haven to people fleeing persecution. The award recognises the hard work of many, including the refugee community itself, to ensure that those who have fled unimaginable persecution in their home countries receive the welcome, help and support they need to be able to settle and begin to contribute to the local community and economy"

EC Ambassador Praises Language Classes for Migrants The Bradford-based organisation, QED-UK, has been praised by a European Commission Ambassador for its work delivering English language classes to third country national women, who are mainly from Pakistan. QED tackles grass-root problems by offering services in health, education and employment to disadvantaged sections of Britain’s 8m ethnic minorities. Its flagship ‘English for Work’ ‘ Unity Through Diversity’ and ‘Living in Britain’ courses help migrants improve their English language and job prospects to promote better integration into British society. Jacqueline Minor, Head of Representation at the European Commission Representation in

Two New Restaurants Create 48 Jobs New Chinese and Indian restaurants are to open in Bradford city centre creating 48 new jobs. The Chinese Buffet, a chain of seven restaurants across the north of England , will open in Bradford 's Centenary Square in April. The restaurant will accommodate 180 diners. Menston's multi-award winning 1875 Restaurant, so called as it is housed on the first floor of Menston station which opened in that year, will open a sister restaurant in Albion Court, off Kirkgate. The restaurant serves fine Indian cuisine. The 1875 restaurant will open its doors in

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September and will create eight new jobs. Both restaurants have successfully applied for grants through the City Centre Growth Zone’s Business Growth scheme and been supported by Bradford Council's Business Investment and Enterprise team. The Business Growth Scheme is a £35m initiative funded by Bradford Council and the Government's Regional Growth Fund. Eligible businesses can receive business rate rebates and capital grants if they demonstrate that they are creating new jobs in Bradford city centre.

Bradford Breakthrough in conjunction with Bradford Council has organised the Taste of Bradford event which will take place at the Midland Hotel. Delegates will get a chance to sample some of Bradford 's existing culinary delights, take a tour of the city and meet local property agents. For more information on the Taste of Bradford event or City Centre Growth Zone funding contact Bradford Council’s Business Investment and Enterprise team on 01274 437727.

the UK, visited QED’s offices in Bradford to see first-hand the educational programmes in action and QED plans for the future. Ms Minor said of her visit: “I learnt a lot about QED and the projects which it's involved. I was delighted to visit and meet one of the English for Work classes where I was very warmly welcomed. It was a great pleasure to meet the women on the course, and I was very impressed by the determination the class showed to improve their English language skills. They all told their stories with different levels of fluency; it was really very heart-warming to see how much effort goes into this important work, both from QED, their lovely teacher and the

participants.” She added: “The courses are part funded by the European Union. The story of Europe is a story of integration. In order to make the most of the opportunities and possibilities for residents of the EU there has to be a capacity to integrate, that starts with language.” Dr Mohammed Ali OBE, founder and chief executive of QED, said: “We were delighted to have a visit from the EC ambassador to discuss the EU funded integration courses we deliver in the UK and Pakistan. It was also an opportunity to discuss the EU Pakistani diaspora and ways it could potentially help to alleviate poverty in Pakistan.”

Win Is In The Air For Council Bradford Council has been "highly commended" for its work on air quality at the 2014 Sustainable City Awards coming away with a runners-up award. The award recognises that Bradford is the first city in West Yorkshire and only the second in the country to adopt a Low Emission Strategy aimed at reducing air pollution and improving health in the district. Bradford Council also submitted a successful bid to DEFRA on behalf of all five West Yorkshire authorities and was awarded £150,000 to develop a county-wide Low Emission Strategy. The Sustainable City awards

are given across 12 categories which between them represent the three pillars of sustainable development; the economy, society, and the environment. Studies show links with air pollution and cardiovascular dis-

ease, cancer, strokes, respiratory problems and low birth weight babies. The Council is also working with the Born in Bradford programme with the aim of improving health in the District.

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Britain To Issue New One Pound Coin

The British government unveiled a new one pound coin aiming to fight forgery and counterfeiting. The Royal Mint said the new coin would have the same shape as the 12-sided three pence piece or "threepenny bit" and would

be "the most secure coin in the world". The coin is expected to be introduced in 2017. Figures released by the Royal Mint point to about 3 percent of all one-pound coins now being forgeries. In some parts

of the country, it is as high as 5 percent. Over the past few years, around two million fake one pound coins have been removed from circulation each year. This is a direct cost to the banks and cash handling centres and to the economy. The current one pound coin has been in circulation for over 30 years, much longer than the normal life cycle of a modern British coin. Its technology is no longer suitable for a coin of its value, leaving it vulnerable to ever more sophisticated counterfeiters. The new coin will have the Queen's likeness on the heads side, but the treasury said there would be a public competition to decide the design for the reverse, or tails side.

INTERNET IS THE NEW DOCTOR! More and more people today are using internet to learn and share health problems - a remarkable shift that has gained momentum in the last decade, a new research finds. People want more than just information online, they also seek reflections, insights and practical advice from other patients. The web has become an almost routine part of many people's experience of health and illness. The internet has transformed how people make sense of and respond to symptoms, decide whether to consult, make treatment choice, cope with their illness and connect to others. Film, animations, sound, pictures and personal experiences online make health information more digestible for people from all backgrounds. By helping us learn online about a condition, we are more pre-

pared for consultations and demonstrate our interest and involvement more when we visit our doctor. Doctors are aware of this and recommend useful websites to their patients now. Yet, patients were reluctant to talk to their doctors about what they find online, fearing that such revela-

tions might damage their relationship with their doctor. However in this day and age where GP appointments are difficult to get unless we hit that 8am phone rush, we are relying more and more on the wealth of the internet to give us some relief from minor ailments.

FATIMA BHUTTO NOMINATED FOR FICTION PRIZE Fatima Bhutto, the niece of assassinated former prime minister Benazir Bhutto, has been nominated for the Women's Prize for Fiction. Bhutto is among 20 women on the long list for the award, which was formerly known as the Orange prize and is open to Englishlanguage novels from anywhere

in the world. She is nominated for “The Shadow of the Crescent Moon”, her first attempt at fiction following several fact-based books, including a memoir of her family's blood-soaked history. Bhutto is a fierce critic of her charismatic aunt, who twice served as prime minister, claim-

ing she was power hungry and “morally responsible” for the murder of her brother, Fatima's father Murtaza Bhutto, in 1996. The winner of the prize, which will be announced at the Royal Festival Hall in central London on June 4, receives £30,000 ($50,000, 36,500 euros) and a bronze known as a “Bessie”.

BT Broadband And Pay TV Tops OfCom’s Complaints List Despite the report, BT still markets itself as the UK's "most reliable" broadband provider BT has topped the UK's list of the most complained about broadband providers for the first time. The report, covering the last three months of 2013, was published by Ofcom. The communications watchdog ranks the five biggest internet providers based on the number of complaints it receives about them adjusted according to the number of customers. It marks the first time EE has not led the name-and-shame list in over a year. Virgin Media had the lowest level of complaints, followed by Sky for the fourth quarter running. TalkTalk came

third. According to the figures, Ofcom received 32 complaints for every 100,000 BT fixed-broadband customers between October and December last year. They related to service faults and the way BT's staff had initially attempted to handle the reported

problems. The firm was also found to have generated the highest level of complaints about its subscription TV service: 31 per 100,000 customers. The category covers access to the facility and billing, but not the quality of its programmes.

SHEFFIELD PREPARES TO WELCOME CYCLING’S TOP EVENT Sheffield is gearing up to welcome one of the world’s greatest sporting events when the impressive Tour de France cavalcade sweeps into the city this summer. Over 250,000 people are expected to descend on the city to watch the spectacular event on Sunday 6 July, with billions more TV viewers worldwide. The City Council has been working with the Tour de France organisers, Welcome to Yorkshire and the Amaury Sport Organisation, to ensure local residents and businesses are prepared for the race as it passes through Sheffield. The 125 mile route of Stage 2 will see the world’s top

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cyclists start from York and make their way through Pennine Yorkshire and the Peak District National Park into Sheffield. The route enters Sheffield on the A616 via Midhopestones and continues through Bradfield, Worrall, Oughtibridge, Grenoside, Hillsborough, Shirecliffe and Wincobank to the finish outside the Sheffield Motorpoint Arena. The Sheffield section of the race will include four testing ‘King of the Mountain’ climbs that make for an incredibly exciting race and finish. The aim is to provide a safe, enjoyable experience for all spectators when the Tour vis-

its Sheffield. There will be a number of dedicated ‘spectator hubs’ along the course to ensure as many people as possible have a great experience on the day. Details will be confirmed nearer the time. The Welcome to Sheffield website at www.welcometosheffield.co.uk/tdf2014 has information dedicated to all Tour-related enquiries for the Tour de France and the route, including through Sheffield, and www.letouryorkshire. com has all the latest information including road closure and spectator information across the whole route.

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Islamic Legal Principles To Be Integrated Into UK Law For First Time

THE HEALTHY DONER KEBAB Research has acknowledged that the doner kebab is a very unhealthy option. But we have come up with a home made recipe that you can make yourself. Here is our healthy version of the all-famous doner kebab.

Islamic law is set to be effectively enshrined in the British legal system for the first time in a controversial move that will allow solicitors to draw up ‘shariacompliant’ wills. New guidance from the Law Society will allow solicitors to write wills that can deny women an equal share of inheritance and exclude ‘non-believers’ altogether while still being compliant with British law. The move has been highly criticised by Baroness Cox, a crossbench peer who leads a cam-

paign to protect women from religiously sanctioned discrimination, who said the development was ‘deeply disturbing’. ‘This violates everything that we stand for,’ she said. ‘It would make the suffragettes turn in their graves.’ Some lawyers have also been critical of the move, describing it as ‘astonishing’ and suggesting that it could be the first step to a ‘parallel legal system’ in Britain. According to the report, inheritances in Islamic custom are determined by a list of heirs

through ties of kinship rather than named individuals as is custom in the UK. Although sharia principles are not currently recognised by British courts a system of such courts has grown across the country to help mediate in disputes between Muslim families. The new guidance will allow people the freedom to choose a will to reflect their own religious beliefs but will no doubt spark a wider debate around the implications for gender equality.

When it comes to healthy eating, a doner kebab from the local takeaway is a complete no no. It is estimated that a doner takeaway contains, on average, an entire wine glass of cooking fat. Consuming two doners a week will almost certainly induce a heart attack in 10 years. But even after reading about the health risks and questionable ingredients of doner over the years, it remains a favourite for many across the UK. Lamb meat itself is actually quite healthy, more so you’ll find than battery-farmed chicken, because animals are raised in an organic and ethical environment. They live in open grass fields and graze freely without having to consume hormone induced feeds. Therefore, the meat is more succulent and natural for your body, without any harmful chemicals. The only problem with the takeaway dish is the way in which manufacturers reprocesses lamb meat and a lot of other meat cuts into something that is almost unrecognisable. In takeaways, doner can be anything from beef, offal and even pork. Because of this, you can never be too sure of what it is you are eating – or if it is any good for your body. So how can we make doner part of our healthy eating regime? Pretty simply, make it yourself. Anything you make yourself at home is more likely to be far healthier than anything you buy outside. That is because you know exactly what you’re putting into the dish, and 9 times out of 10, you won’t be using chemical preservatives or ingredients that food manufacturers use to make food last longer. We have a pretty basic recipe of a do-it-yourself doner that you can tweak to your Desi tastebuds. You can even add extra chilli for a bigger zing. We take doner back to its lamb roots for a tastier and far healthier option.

Healthy Doner Kebab

Ingredients: • • • • • • • • • • • ish

400g lean minced lamb ½ onion, roughly chopped 1tsp ground coriander 1tsp ground cumin 1tsp sea salt 1tsp plain flour 1 egg 4 pitta breads (white or wholemeal) 1tsp black pepper 1 large garlic clove (crushed) Squeeze of lemon, Salad leaves, yoghurt and mint to fin-

Method:

1.Pre-heat grill to a medium or high heat. 2.Line a flat lamington pan (28cm x 8cm) with greaseproof paper. Oil the paper lightly. 3.Put lamb mince, onion, coriander, cumin, egg, flour, garlic, salt and black pepper into a food processor. Blitz together until smooth. 4.Take the mixture and press into the pan evenly. 5.Put the pan under the grill until lightly brown. This might take 4-5 minutes. 6.Drain excess liquid then take out onto a wooden board. 7.Take off the paper on the underside – and return to pan (sealedside down) 8.Grill for another 2 to 3 minutes until the lamb is cooked through. 9.Once cooked, slice into thin strips and then fill inside a pita bread. 10.Add lemon, salad yoghurt and mint to complete.

Making doner at home is very easy – and can definitely be a healthy part of your lifestyle. Its pros over the takeaway version are that everything used above is natural, and they are ingredients that you use in your everyday cooking, minus the unnecessary fat. So why give up on one of the nation’s favourite food dishes? Make doner kebab healthy for you and enjoy your late Saturday nights once more!

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….. A Surprisingly Pleasant Visit!

ABDUL KHAYUM Social Commentator Email: a.khayum19@gmail.com Another massive improvement is the new ‘Bharia Town’ type of Housing Schemes. Previously, these gated communities were few and far between, but they are now becoming common, with huge developments springing up in the major cities. One car drive through one of these schemes, and for a moment I thought I was back in England driving through a London suburb.

Last month, I returned from a trip to Pakistan which I made after a spell of 4 years, and having seen all the hype on the media I didn’t quite know what to expect when I finally took leave from Islamabad Airport and made my way home to Rawalpindi. Not one to rest and always wanting to look and explore, I travelled around quite a bit. (I always enjoy driving through the town streets and walking through the markets. The busy bazaars, the colour, the noise, the heat and dust, bring back some lovely distant memories of my childhood when I used to visit ‘Pindi’ with my father from our little village tucked away in Campbellpur). I must say I was pleasantly surprised and got a real positive feeling about Pakistan.

Pakistan is a hugely diverse and culturally- rich country with a vast range of untapped natural resources. It of course, has many big challenges also, not least at a political level but the resilience and the resourcefulness of the people is truly amazing. It seems that, for most of them, the harshness of life has hardened them to the extent that they are ready to take on whatever life throws at them. And take it on, they do! I have now resolved to make an annual trip and I’m already looking forward to my next one! Pakistan Zindabad!!

I went with an image in my mind that had been

THE VERY FAMOUS LANDMARK – SHAH FAISAL MASJID - ISLAMABAD partly formed by media portrayal of the country on TV with constant bombardments of ‘bad news’ and other ‘social issues’ programmes. Hence, I was expecting all sorts of difficulties and problems, at the airport, on the road, in the markets, etc., but I encountered none!

ABDUL KHAYUM WITH THE GOVERNOR OF PUNJAB AND LORD NAZIR AHMED AT GOVERNOR’S HOUSE - LAHORE

The image that had been moulded in my mind had been one of bombs going off all over the place, con-men & gunmen roaming the streets, poverty, strife and dismay amongst the people. Well let me tell you, these things may well exist, as they do in other countries, but I certainly saw a lot more people happily going about their business, whether street vendors, construction workers, businessmen, market traders, transport workers, or staff at the latest London & New York designer clothes shops at Centaurus Shopping Centre in Islamabad ( which incidentally rivals any world-class shopping

Sheffield’s jobless numbers fall but recovery slower Sheffield’s unemployment total is declining more slowly than many other parts of the country – despite a fall of more than 18 per cent over the last year. The number of job seekers’ allowance claimants in Sheffield fell by 3,285 in January 2014 to 14,476, compared with 17,761 in January 2013. However, Sheffield and other provincial towns and cities are lagging behind rural and southern areas.

In Sheffield, Rotherham and Doncaster – along with cities such as Liverpool, Leeds, Bradford and Birmingham – unemployment has dropped by between 10 and 19 per cent. Unemployment is also falling faster in Barnsley, Chesterfield and North East Derbyshire, where the decline in JSA claimants between 2013 and 2014 has been 20 to 29 per cent. The Government’s cuts have

been felt hardest in areas with a lot of public sector jobs – so Sheffield and other northern cities have been left more exposed to prolonged unemployment than other parts of the country. Deputy Prime Minister and Sheffield Hallam MP Nick Clegg said: “Sheffield has seen an increase of 16,300 people in work since 2010, although there is still much more to do.”

Steep Rise In Prosecuted Parents Record numbers of parents were hit with fines last year after their children skipped lessons, official figures show. New statistics also show a steep rise in the number of parents prosecuted for failing to pay their penalties, with almost 8,000 cases taken to court. In total, the number of penalty notices, collectively worth millions of pounds, rocketed by more than a quarter in the space of one school year, according to

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Government data. The figures show that 52,370 £60 penalty notices were issued to parents and guardians for a child's unauthorised absence from school in 2012/13 - up 27% from 41,224 in 2011/12. Of the fines handed out in the last academic year, 27,977 were paid within 28 days, after which the fine doubles to £120. In 7,806 cases, someone was prosecuted for non-payment of a

fine, up 23% from 2011/12. An analysis of the figures suggests that if all £60 fines were paid within 28 days, the total amount collected would be more than £3.1 million. Children are classed as persistent absentees if they miss more than 15% of school time, and around 130,000 fewer youngsters now meet this threshold than in 2009/10.

THE NEWLY OPENED CENTAURUS SHOPPING CENTRE - ISLAMABAD centre such as Meadowhall in Sheffield). One advantage of having a spell away from the country is that you can easily analyse whether things have improved. One of the biggest urban area improvements that I immediately noticed is the road networks. The wider roads, with fly-overs & under-passes, and of course, the motorways that are now connecting major cities across Pakistan. They are even better policed with the new Traffic Police which started operating on the first Motorway, then Islamabad and is now being cascaded to other cities such as Rawalpindi and Lahore. Gone are the days of being stuck literally for hours in traffic jams, with horns blaring from cars, buses, lorries and motorbikes. The ‘tanga’ has now almost disappeared replaced by the faster, motorised, Rickshaw or Qinqi. DATTA DARBAR – LAHORE

MP Calls For British Kashmiris To Be Recognised On Census A Labour MP has called for British Kashmiris to be formally recognised on the national census. Rochdale MP Simon Danczuk told the Commons that, according to various Kashmiri organisations, "around one in four British Muslims are of Kashmiri origin". He said: "That is one quarter of the British Muslim population who live in our communities, who pay taxes and contribute to our economy. But the true accuracy of this statistic can never be known as there is no official documentation of their ethnicity in the census." He suggested by failing to include them on the census the Government was helping to "strip away" their sense of national identity. "Many Kashmiris have an incredibly strong sense of ethnic identity, they do not want to be counted as Pakistani or Indian, because this is not how they think of themselves," said Mr Danczuk. "Is it right for us as a democratic society, built upon the differences of the many, to help strip away the identities of the few?"

Following 1991, the number of ethnicities included in the consensus doubled, reinforcing the UK's commitment to diversity and ethnic opportunity. Mr Danczuk's request amounted to "a very small box on a very big form".

He said: "I understand that neither the Indian nor Pakistani governments may be overjoyed by the United Kingdom Government recognising the Kashmiri identity as valid. "I am strongly of the view that we should not let our own domestic arrangements be dictated to us by our desire to keep other countries happy." He said inclusion in the census would send a strong message that "just because they are British, it does not mean that they are not also Kashmiri". Civil Society Minister Nick Hurd replied: "At this stage, it is too early to know whether or not there will be another census in England and Wales in the form that we have previously known, or what questions might be asked. "But you may be reassured to know that any questions on ethnicity in any future census will be based on a comprehensive programme of consultation and testing, to ensure that it will meet users' requirements, be acceptable and understandable to respondents."

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EDUCATION AND HIGH STORRS More About Revision Techniques tant rules to think about: •Always start with a blank piece of paper and have it landscape way round. •Start with a picture/word in the centre. •Use a new set of branches for each new idea, and make the branches get smaller as they are further When drawing a mind map there are some impor- from the centre. ing it for just a few minutes they were able to remember many things about Jack’s life. Why not test yourself? Studying this picture for 3 minutes and then see how many things you can remember about Jack. There is not long now until our Y9, Y10 and Y11 students will be sitting some of their GCSE exams, and many of our Y7 and Y8 students will be taking end of year tests and assessments. Therefore this month we are looking a little more closely at one of the revision techniques we have mentioned previously.

•Try to write only one word per branch. •Use of colours and pictures will help to prompt your memory. As well as being used to make revision notes mind maps can be used to plan an essay or a piece of extended writing, with each set of branches being an outline for a paragraph. They can be used by groups of students working together, as they allow everyone to add in their contribution easily, and to make changes as necessary. The use of mind maps is not limited to school work; they can be used to plan a family holiday, prepare for a job interview, keep track of what all the members of the family are doing in the week or simply for making a ‘To Do’ list. Mrs Heggs even used one to plan her own wedding! (Which all went very smoothly and was brilliant, even if she does say so herself.)

As we have mentioned before students often spend a lot of time copying out or rewriting their notes, which can be very time consuming but not a very effective way of learning.

Now, how many things can you remember about Judge Jack?

Mind maps are a very effective way of getting a lot of information on to a piece of paper in a clear and easy to read way. They are also very good for showing the connections between ideas and key words.

If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact High Storrs School. (Tel no: 0114 267 0000, email enquiries@highstorrs.sheffield.sch.uk)

Earlier in the year our Y8s were lucky enough to be involved in the ‘Honda School of Dreams’ where they were introduced to this mind map about Judge Jack. After study-

Mr Akram and Mrs Heggs

2013 Revealed As Sixth Warmest Year On Record in 2013, notably Typhoon Haiyan which devastated parts of the central Philippines, and Cyclone Phailin, the second strongest tropical cyclone to strike India since modern records began, resulting in the evacuation of 1.1 million people from coastal areas. Australia and Argentina sweltered under record or nearrecord temperatures in the southern hemisphere, while a "blocked" jet stream in the northern hemisphere - possibly influenced by the dramatic melting of the sea ice in the Arctic - brought a bitterly cold spring to Britain and heavy rainfall and floods to Some of the strongest tropical central Europe. cyclones to hit land were seen The WMO's annual assessment In its review of 2013, the world's leading meteorological authority suggests that many of last year's weather extremes are likely to have been heavily influenced by rising global temperatures. In some ways 2013 was a typical year for the global weather. Heatwaves, cold snaps, violent storms, droughts and floods all played their part in shaping 2013 - as they do every year - but there is growing evidence that human activities are making weather extremes more frequent or extreme, the World Meteorological Authority revealed.

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of the global weather found that 2013 was the sixth warmest year on record - tied with 2007 - and that there was no let-up in global warming, the Independent reported. 13 of the 14 warmest year s have occurred since 2000 and each of the last three decades have been warmer than the previous one, with the decade 2001-2010 being the warmest on record, the WMO said. Although it is not possible to link any single event directly to global warming, a scientific analysis of the record heat-wave experienced in Australia comes very close to pinning the blame on human activities, the WMO said.

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Fluoridation ‘Helps Dental Health’

Adding fluoride to water can improve the dental health of the nation's children, a new report suggests. Youngsters living in areas where water fluoridation schemes are in place are less likely to have tooth decay than those in other regions, according to a Public Health England (PHE) report. During the early 20th century lower levels of tooth decay were noted in places which had certain fluoride levels in drinking water. Over the last 50 years, schemes have been put in place in various places across England to adjust the levels of the mineral in water supplies to mimic the effect. In England, 14 out of 152 local authorities have water fluoridation schemes in place - covering six million people. On average, 15% fewer five-yearolds have tooth decay that

needed intervention in fluoridated areas. And when deprivation and ethnicity - both important factors for dental health - are taken into account this figure rises to 28% fewer cases of tooth decay. Meanwhile there are 11% fewer 12-year-olds with tooth decay in fluoridated areas compared to non-fluoridated areas. This figure rose to 21% when deprivation and ethnicity were taken into account. And in areas which participate in the water adjustment scheme there are 45% fewer hospital admissions for tooth decay among children aged one to four. Experts also found that the population rates of kidney stones and bladder cancer were lower in fluoridated areas. While the findings are only a crude analysis, the authors found that kidney stones episodes were 5.3% lower in fluoridated areas and rates of bladder cancer were 4.4% lower in fluoridated areas compared to non-fluoridated places.

Where Does April Fools’ Day Originate? Despite having no official recognition, April 1 has long been celebrated as a day to celebrate, well, foolishness to be exact. More specifically, April Fools’ Day is about making other people look stupid with practical jokes. As dearly as we hold the tradition of making fools of the people we care about, there’s little more than theories about where April Fools’ Day came from. Figuring out the origins of the holiday can be as tricky as getting to the source of a joke. The most common theory about the earliest April Fools’ celebrations goes like this: In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII issued a papal bull decreeing a new standard calendar for Christian Europe that would take his name and centu-

ries later become the standard internationally in the 21st century. Prior to the 15th century, Europe’s nations and city states operated using the Julian calendar. The Gregorian calendar moved the date of the new year from April 1 to January 1, among other changes. Catholic monarchies were naturally its earliest adopters, though Protestant nations later followed suit. Given the nature of the reform, both in terms of communicating such a fundamental change to a large population and dealing

with critics of the new calendar, some Europeans continued to celebrate the new year between March 25 and April 1. April fools were those who still celebrated the holiday in the spring, and were the subject of pranks and ridicule by those who observed the new year months ago. That’s just one theory for the origin of the holiday, however, other occasions resembling April Fools’ Day preceded the more contemporary incarnation by centuries. Ancient Romans held a festival known as Hilaria. The occasion

was used to celebrate the resurrection of the god Attis. Hilaria, of course, resembles the word hilarity in English. The modern equivalent of Hilaria is called Roman Laughing Day. Other non-Western cultures have their own traditions similar to April Fools’ Day as well. In India, Holi, a colorful Hindi festival that frequently entices non-Hindi participants to join in, often is celebrated by people playing jokes and throwing colorful dyes on each other. Persian culture also has a holiday with a similar theme, known as Sizdahbedar. On this day, which typically coincides with April Fools’ Day itself, Iranians play pranks on one another.

‘People’ Make Sheffield Great From the hustle and bustle of the city centre to the tranquil parks and countryside - locals reckon there are plenty of reasons to love Sheffield. But leading figures say it’s the people who really make it such a great place to live. Praise for Sheffield’s citizens came following the news the city has made the Sunday Times list of best locations to set up home in the UK. Former Home Secretary and Hillsborough and Brightside MP

David Blunkett, a born-and-bred Sheffielder, said: “The best thing about living in Sheffield is the people. “This city is the fourthlargest in England but still reflects a sense of identity and a feeling of belonging. It has retained the glue that holds any community together. “Once called ‘the biggest village in England’, the city offers warmth and caring, the ability of people to say it as it is but retain kindness and neighbourliness.”

Deputy Prime Minister and Sheffield Hallam MP Nick Clegg said: “Anyone who has spent some time here wouldn’t be surprised to learn that Sheffield is one of the best places to live in Britain. There is something unique about life here and it’s no coincidence that we were also named as the happiest city in the country only last year. This is a fact we should talk about even more and advertise.” Local people appreciate Sheffield

for its closeness to the countryside, accessibility to the M1, brilliant hospitals run by dedicated staff. Locals also said the people of Sheffield are friendly, that we have some of the best schools, and great footballs teams!

World Health Organisation: Pollution Kills 7 Million People Every Year Air pollution kills about 7 million people worldwide every year, with more than half of the fatalities due to fumes from indoor stoves, according to a new report from the World Health Organization. The agency said air pollution is the cause of about one in eight deaths and has now become the single biggest environmental health risk. We all have to breathe, which makes pollution very hard to avoid. One of the main risks of pollution is that tiny particles can get deep into the lungs, causing irritation.

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Scientists also suspect air pollution may be to blame for inflammation in the heart, leading to chronic problems or a heart attack. WHO estimated that there were about 4.3 million deaths in 2012 caused by indoor air pollution, mostly people cooking inside using wood and coal stoves in Asia. WHO said there were about 3.7 million deaths from outdoor air pollution in 2012, of which nearly 90 percent were in developing countries. But WHO noted that many people are exposed to both indoor

and outdoor air pollution. Due to this overlap, mortality attributed to the two sources cannot simply added together, hence WHO said it lowered the total estimate from around 8 million to 7 million deaths in 2012. Last year, WHO's cancer agency classified air pollution as a carcinogen, linking dirty air to lung and bladder cancer. WHO's report noted women had higher levels of exposure than men in developing countries. Other experts said more research was needed to identify the deadliest components of pollution in order to target control measures more effectively. It is not known if dust from the Sahara is as bad as diesel fuel or burning coal. Now its up to governments to curb pollution levels, through measures like legislation, moving power stations away from big cities and providing cheap alternatives to indoor wood and coal stoves. Also individuals can reduce their exposure to choking fumes by avoiding traveling at rush hour or by taking smaller roads. Despite the increasing use of face masks in heavily polluted cities such as Beijing and Tokyo, there is no evidence they work.

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Public WiFi not Secure as you think The increase of broadband rollout and the growth of WiFi in public spaces is providing society with the huge benefit of access to the Internet quickly and easily. But not all WiFi is as secure as we might think it is. Europol’s Cybercrime Division warns that attacks are rising on public WiFi and are a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

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public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data. to steal information, identity or passwords and money from the users who use public or insecure wi-fi connections. The important thing is to distinguish if the public WiFi you are using is secure and not public. When you connect to it, if it requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

AMIR KHAN TO FACE LUIS COLLAZO

An explosive matchup of our very own world-class fighter, Amir Khan is happening in May. The British superstar and former Unified Super Lightweight World Champion Amir “King” Khan will face current WBA International Welterweight champion Luis Collazo in the 12 round event. "I'm looking forward to fighting in Las Vegas once again, and my intention on May 3 is to make a statement that I belong on this big stage," said Khan. "Luis Collazo might be coming off of a big win, but I am in incredible shape and am ready for this challenge. A win on May 3 is what I need to prove that I truly am one of the best welterweights in the sport." A British standout who represented his nation in the 2004

Olympic Games, where he won a silver medal, Bolton's Amir "King" Khan (28-3, 19 KOs) went from local hero to international star when he won his first world title at 140 pounds in 2009.After five successful defences that included wins over Marcos Maidana, Paulie Malignaggi and Zab Judah, Khan lost his title by way of a controversial decision to Lamont Peterson in 2011. Winner of two straight over Carlos Molina and Julio Diaz since, the flashy, flamboyant 27-year-old boxer-puncher is now campaigning at welterweight, where he seeks championship gold once again.

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Former Chief Justice Thinking To Join Politics Former Chief Justice of Pakistan, Iftikhar Hussain Chaudary is planning to join politics with a vision to save the country from corrupt mafia. The Former Chief Justice stated at a gathering "there is a lot of corruption in the country and it needs to be ended immediately." He said the Federation reeked of extreme corruption, while even the incumbent rulers were as corrupt as their predecessors. He further stated that he was planning to join politics soon. He said the chaos of corruption is an obstacle in country's progress which needs to be fixed.

Pakistan Cricket Board Considering Inviting Foreign Teams After ICC World T20 The Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) is reportedly considering inviting foreign teams after the conclusion of the ICC World T20 2014 in a bid to revive international cricket in the country. Pakistan has not hosted a highprofile series since the 2009 attack on the Sri Lanka team. The PCB initiated efforts to

MALALA YOUSAFZAI, MISBAH-UL-HAQ RECEIVED PAKISTAN CIVIL AWARDS

Teenage rights activist Malala Yousafzai and national cricket captain Misbah-ul-Haq, along with 103 others, were conferred with Pakistan's Civil Awards in recognition of services rendered to the nation. The Awards took place on March 23rd – Pakistan Day. President Mamnoon Hussain had approved 105 Civil Awards on August 14 last year and 10 more were approved as special cases. He conferred the National Civil Awards on 39 individuals, including five foreigners, at the investiture ceremony held at Aiwan-e-Sadr. Malala and slain Pakistani student Aitezaz Hassan were also awarded the Sitara-i-Shuja'at for gallantry. The 16-year-old human rights crusader, who now lives in Britain following extensive medical treatment, Geo News and World Wildlife Fund (WWF) teamed up to observe Earth Hour across Pakistan on Saturday 29th March. The Earth Hour was observed from 8:30 to 9:30 PM on Saturday to underscore the importance and need for the safety of mother earth and its environment. Almost every nation in the world was synched to switch off at 8.30pm for an hour in support of our most valuable resource – the Earth. In Karachi, additional lights were turned off of many important buildings and places across Karachi including Sindh Assembly, Port Grand and Nine-Zero. Similarly, additional lights were also put out at the Parliament

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was shot by a Taliban gunman in 2012 over her outspoken views on children's education in her home region in northwest Pakistan. Malala was conferred the award in London. Pakistan cricket captain Misbah-

ul-Haq was recognised with the President's Award for Pride of Performance for his services to sports. Young television reporter Wali Khan Babar, who was shot dead in 2011, was posthumously awarded the Pride of Performance award. The day began with a 31-gun salute in the federal capital and 21-gun salute in provincial capitals on occasion of Pakistan Day. Pakistan Day is celebrated all across the country to mark the passage of the Lahore Resolution that led to the creation of Pakistan. The national flag was hoisted on important public and private buildings across the country and all Pakistani missions abroad.

resume international cricket under former chairman Zaka Ashraf in 2012, hosting series against teams from British universities and Afghanistan successfully. As Pakistan is not scheduled to play any series until October this year, the PCB is therefore considering various options on how to use that time constructively. PCB chairman Najam Sethi said that they are looking to invite ‘A’ teams or other foreign teams. Sethi further said that they are aiming to

show that the situation is not that bad and teams can visit and play in Pakistan, adding that the PCB is also holding discussions with various boards for a summer showdown. Reposing faith in Pakistan’s Test and One-Day International (ODI) captain Misbah-ul-Haq, Sethi hinted that he would stay with his decision to keep the veteran till the ICC World Cup 2015.

Paul Smith Design Outdated: Peshawari Chappal Makers A new sandal from designer Paul Smith based on a traditional Pakistani style has amused shopkeepers in its “hometown” Peshawar — both for its $500 price tag and what they say is its outdated look. Pakistan’s chattering classes took to social media to berate the fashion house for “stealing” the design of Peshawari chappals for its “Robert” sandal, priced at 300 pounds ($500). But in the markets of Peshawar, the rugged north-western city from where the hardy chappal originates, shopkeepers were more concerned that the British designer known for his signature multicoloured stripe was

behind the times. “This design is outdated. Some people in their 60s or 70s ask for that design sometimes,” said one shopkeeper.

The high-gloss black leather, thin sole and open toe of the Paul Smith sandal have long been out of favour in Peshawar. The chappal is ubiquitous in Pakistan, loved by all social classes for its comfort and durability,

and normally sells for between £3 and £12. There was astonishment that the Paul Smith version, which comes with a thin neon pink stripe along the side, could cost so much more. You would have to be mad to pay 50,000 rupees for chappals when you can get them for 1,500 to 2,000. But the price is not high due to the leather on it, but rather that Paul Smith is selling his name. After a day of Twitter outrage and an online petition, the Paul Smith website changed the product description to say the sandal was “inspired by the Peshawari chappal”.

Pakistan Observes Earth Hour To Show Love For Mother Earth

House and Banazir Bhutto International Airport. Balochistan Assembly in Quetta, Punjab Assembly in Lahore and Peshawar Airport also observed the Earth Hour in the similar

fashion. Earth showers its indiscriminate love to all the living beings and it is our responsibility to do whatever we can to safeguard the mother land wherever we are.

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Rationality in Islam By: Dr A Q Khan

email: dr.a.quadeer.khan@gmail.com ants (57:27) and even condemned those priests and monks who exploited people’s religious sentiments for material benefits (9:34). In no period of Islamic history did any class of priests ever find space in Muslim society simply because there can be no intermediary between man and God. Every human being can reach out to God without a huRecently my dear friend, a very competent former man go-between. The Quran even went so far as ambassador and former foreign secretary, Riaz M to declare that “God was nearest to man; that he Khan, drew my attention to this. I then discussed was nearer to him than his jugular vein” (50:16). the issue with another good friend and religious scholar, Prof Dr Muhammad Al-Ghazali, and the Muslims were always free to pursue rational enquiry. Their belief in the Quran did not prevent resulting thoughts are as follows. them from doing so, simply because the Quran Let us first define what we mean by rational, ra- itself often urged them to use their intelligence tionale and rationality in Islam. According to the and senses to pursue the truth. It disapproved dictionary, rational is something based on reason of blind faith and liberated the mind of superstiand logic; rationale is a set of reasons or a logical tion. It invited man to think and reflect upon the cause for a course of action or a particular belief; reality within and without. It condemned “those rationality is a derivative (noun) of rational and who have eyes but do not see, have ears but do not hear, have minds and hearts but do not think” covers the same meanings. (7:179). In Islam, all actions are supposed to be based on reason, logic and consideration of the feelings of Over and above the clear incentives to make the others. This is derived from clear and emphatic most of one’s faculties, the Quran invites man to instructions in the Quran (17:89). In the west, ra- think and reflect on his environment to discover tionalism came in the wake of a massive social and eternal truths in the light of which man could atcultural movement in the religious establishment, tain progress towards a better life – of success and thus invoking reason as an alternative to religious happiness in both worlds. The world-view of Islam precepts. This came about because the church had is based on the reality of both worlds. The present established absolute domination over society and world is seen as a temporary resting place. Whathad chained human thought and conduct to arbi- ever is provided is a divine bounty placed at the disposal of man to discover and enjoy its benefits. trary clerical authority in the name of God. There is a wrong perception in the west that Islam creates hatred, wars, discrimination, violence (especially against women), etc. Yet nothing is further from the truth. This judgement is based on the deeds of misguided Muslims who have indulged in such acts and brought a bad name to Islam.

make the best use of the vast resources of the world and of his own tremendous potential. Man is not born with any burden of sin, nor is this world a satanic machination incompatible with his spiritual development. Among the 99 Divine Attributes (al-Asma’ al-Husna) is ‘al-Hakim’, the All-Wise. If God is all-wise, then it follows that whatever He has created has been done with a definite purpose. Nothing has been created in vain (3:191). The purpose of man’s creation has been explained in the Quran and further elaborated upon in the prophet’s Sunnah. The realisation of the purpose of all things can be discovered by the human mind by utilising the faculties of thought, observation and reasoning. That is why progress in Islamic culture and history was accompanied by a simultaneous progress in rational enquiry and science. This fact has been duly acknowledged by historians – from Gibbon to H G Wells to Arnold Toynbee. A very clear statement to this effect can be found in ‘The Making of Humanity’ by Robert Briffault. It is very unfortunate that the west projects Muslims as mostly terrorists, racist, religious zealots, orthodox, etc purely in the light of the activities of some misguided fundamentalists. Had they had more knowledge of the Quran, they would have realised that it contains golden edicts from God Almighty covering the whole way of life and behaviour.

the rights of everyone and observe modesty. All these instructions are given in clear and unambiguous words. It is impossible to quote all the Surahs in which clear instructions have been given based on reasoning, logic, philosophy, the psyche of mankind, traditions, habits, etc. Included are such things as charity, patience, secrets of the universe, laws of nature, psychology and nature of human beings, value of knowledge, social and family conduct, rights of people in general, the rights of non-Muslims, morals, manners, ethics, social evils, economics, honesty, the avoidance of cruelty and oppression, peace and understanding, mutual agreements, relations with Christians and Jews, the acquiring of modern knowledge, etc. Great emphasis is placed on morality, ethics, moderation and rationality – all in the light of human psychology. For instance, if a person is murdered, the relatives have the right to demand retribution (a purely human reaction), but it is considered better to forgive, thus avoiding the loss of yet another life. It has been strictly forbidden to be arrogant or to shout or talk loudly. Despite such clear instructions on every aspect of life, Muslims are generally considered to be a bad lot. This is due to our own behaviour and the examples we set. Nothing is being practised in the way that it should be as was laid down by the Almighty. We have totally ignored Divine edicts and are indulging in all sorts of wrongdoings. Let us not forget the severe chastisement which the Almighty has in store for wrongdoers!

In contrast, the Quran clearly states that Allah did Man has been made a custodian (khalifah – trus- It has been ordained that one is to live and behave not enjoin any kind of priesthood for His serv- tee) over these bounties and has been urged to with humility, show tolerance to others, safeguard Email: dr.a.quadeer.khan@gmail.com

THE BENEFITS OF ALMOND MILK

There is a huge variety of dairyalternative milk available in the market today but what makes almond milk so special? Lets looks at the nutritional benefits of almond milk. "Almond milk contains around three grams of fat per eight ounce serving." When it comes to milk, most British Asians are likely to opt for traditional cow’s milk, preferred by mother’s everywhere for their ‘healthy growing bacheh’. Even soy milk is an increasingly popular choice with some families, but for those of you who are looking for a dairy free substitute or just a healthier option, almond milk may just be the answer. Almond milk is naturally full of nutrition, relatively more so than soy milk and rice milk which need to be fortified with extra

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nutrients and vitamins. Almond milk also has a rich fat content, and these are essential healthy fats which the body needs. A healthy body requires a good balance of properties, and fat is included in this. In fact, unsweetened almond milk has far less calories than ordinary cow’s milk, at just 40 calories per serving. The fact that it contains fewer calories is a bonus. It is also low in saturated fat, thus almond milk is a great source to help with weight-loss and can be used in cereal, cooking and even smoothies. Almond milk contains around three grams of fat per eight ounce serving, so its fat content is equivalent to that of rice milk. Interestingly, almond milk is not a new invention, and has actually existed for a long time, from medieval Europe to the Middle

East, it has always been a popular beverage. It is produced by finely grinding almond nuts together with water, and it is easy to make at home and can be kept longer than cow’s milk without spoiling. The best thing about the natural goodness of almonds is that homemade almond milk has the same nutritional value as commercially produced plain almond milk (that hasn’t been fortified). To make almond milk at home simply add almonds or almond butter, water and any sweetener of your choice to a blender and mix well. Then strain out any almond pulp with a strainer or cloth and there you have it – homemade almond milk. This glorious milk is full of all round goodness; it contains neither cholesterol nor lactose, is gluten free, contains no animal products, nor are any animals harmed in the making. It is suitable for vegans, vegetarians and those who suffer from lactose intolerance. Those with nut allergies however, should definitely stay away. If the nutty taste of almonds

doesn’t tickle your fancy, you will be glad to know that most brands sell the milk in different flavours including plain, vanilla, chocolate, and they also come in the variety of sweetened or unsweetened. Alpro and Breeze are perhaps the most popular brands in the UK market today which sell a big variety of great tasting alternative flavours. Consumers should be wary however as the sweetened and flavoured varieties can contain up to 4-5 teaspoons of sugar! The benefits of almond milk are abundant, in addition to its highly nutritional value, it can also help reduce cholesterol as well as clean your arteries. It has also been known to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s and osteoporosis, as it is full of vitamin D which can help build up cells. Almonds contain selenium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, fiber, vitamin E, manganese, phosphorous and calcium. The flavonoids in almonds are beneficial to the human diet as antioxidants help to neutralise free radicals which damage body tissue. These flavonoids help prevent cancer and it can also help slow the signs of aging. Almond

milk is often suggested to use to help lower blood-sugar levels and to treat constipation. In comparison to soy and rice milks, almond milk contains more vitamins and minerals. Soy milk contains a lot of protein but lacks the high levels of vitamins found in almond milk, and rice milk doesn’t contain much nutrition at all. Almond milk however does not have as much protein and calcium as regular cow’s milk and some other animal milks, so it is not a ‘complete’ substitute to dairy. However, you can buy some brands that are fortified with these vitamins. It is always best to check the ingredients before you buy. It seems that almond milk is a great substitute to other forms of milk, and it is quite beneficial to help live a well-balanced diet and lifestyle, not to mention it’s tasty!

First phase of Selective Licensing of Privately Rented Properties The controversial landlord licensing scheme for Page Hall has taken off. Landlords of the designated streets will now have to apply for a license to rent out property in the area. This is the first phase of the scheme in Sheffield. Private landlords are now forced to provide “minimum housing standards”, with fines for breaching licensing conditions. All of the Page Hall consultation area will be subject to voluntary registration for the scheme except for the approved affected streets below:

•Page Hall Road (53 to 135 and 52 to 118) •Hinde House Lane (31 to 125 and 34 to 102) •Hinde Street (all properties) •Popple Street (all properties) •Robey Street (all properties) •Lloyd Street (all properties) •Wade Street (all properties) •Lauder Street (all properties) •Willoughby Street (all properties)

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Preventing Credit Card Fraud We don’t imagine it can happen to us until we get a call from the Fraud Prevention Team of our bank that your card has been used suspiciously. Often our banks become suspicious when the card is being used in the USA to make big furniture purchases in France, and they decline the payment. But some payments always get through the net. Anyone with a credit card is a potential target for fraudsters. As wary and cautious as you might be, it’s easier than you think to be taken in by sophisticated scams. Fraudsters often try to take credit and deibt card details over the phone by selling items. This includes the all important 3 digit security code. Methods of credit card fraud As well as this method of 'Card-notpresent' fraud, credit card fraud can take many different forms: When cards are lost or stolen and used fraudulently When cards are counterfeited or cloned (known as 'skimming') 'Card-not-present' fraud – which can occur online, by fax or phone using stolen card details Fake emails designed to elicit your details (known as 'phishing') Fake online banking websites designed to mimic banks’ official sites ('pharming') How to stay safe As well as keeping your card details safe and secure, there are some common sense

golden rules you can follow to protect your Never let your cards or card details out of details and avoid falling victim to credit card your sight when making a transaction. Destroy, or ideally, shred, any documents or fraud. Don't be a fraud statistic. If you follow rec- receipts containing personal financial inforommended fraud prevention advice - such mation when you dispose of them. Don't write down your passwords, login details and PINs. Don’t disclose PINs, login details or passwords in response to unsolicited emails or callers claiming to be from your bank, the card companies or the police. Only divulge your card details in a telephone transaction when you have instigated the call and are familiar with the company. Register your cards with Verified by Visa or MasterCard SecureCode. Access internet banking or shopping sites by typing the address into your browser. When entering your PIN in a shop or a cash machine use your free hand to shield the number from prying eyes or hidden cameras. Make sure your computer has up-todate anti-virus software and a firewall installed and switched on. Shop at secure websites by ensuring that the security icon (locked padlock as never telling anyone your PIN or your or unbroken key symbol) is showing in your passwords - you are minimising your chanc- browser window. Always log out after shopping and save the es of falling prey to a fraudster. The recommended advice from Financial confirmation email as a record of your purchase. Fraud Action UK is:

Bollywood Item Girl Rakhi Sawant Enters Political Arena

Bollywood’s glamour girl Rakhi Sawant has embarked on a political journey, as she announced her plans to contest the Lok Sabha elections this year. The sizzling item girl of the silver screen said that she would either get a ticket from Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) or fight the elections as an independent candidate. According to Indian news website, Rakhi Sawant has also decided to launch a party with a green chilly as its symbol.

Tamiflu Cuts Flu Death Risk By 25 Percent

BEHIND EVERY SUCCESSFUL WOMAN IS HERSELF “Nature has given women so much power that the law has very wisely given them little”. Samuel Jackson. This is a true fact which many of the males in our society will not accept. Woman gives birth to a life. Then she nurtures it, from time to time sacrificing herself and her rights. As a toddlers mother she sacrifices her sleep, dressing, and choice of food she craves to eat. She does all of it without thinking about her herself and doesn’t even want a compliment for it, whereas a father taking care of the toddler will start complaining after a while. The duty of motherhood is performed by the woman for generations. For instance, as an elder sister she cares for her younger siblings, then caring for her children, and last of all as a grandmother. This important duty of bringing up a generation is tough and the reward she gets is of complains from the husband, son, and son in laws or from other woman, who without understanding the fact that she is a woman herself. As quoted by Nancy Astor “In passing also, I would like to say that the first time Adam had a chance he laid the blame on the woman.” Therefore the acknowledgement for her journey is never recognized rather criticized more. The reward is not big to give, a simple

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gesture of love makes a women smile. As in Winnie the Pooh cartoons “the smallest things take up the most room in a heart.” The people revolving around the woman never realize to bring a smile on her face. If she is an achiever then all the people around her will acknowledge her and start taking her share of success. Husband will say she was given a free hand, children will say we did not bother our mom much in her journey; in-laws will say we did not bother her with household and family responsibilities. Even her own family will say we never discouraged our daughter. In reality this is all fake. Out of many few would be helping the woman. Her immediate family will be the first one opposing her in the way of success. Then comes husband, children and in laws who from time to time would be taunting at her in different contrast. In reality a woman is an achiever due to her skills of multitasking and management. She wakes up early managing things for her children’s school, husband and in laws breakfast, and last of all delegating work to the maids. Then she has her breakfast and gets ready to leave for work. During work calls home for update of work and later go home with a fresh smile. Enters the kitchen for evening snacking and then sits for conversation with all the family respectively. Assists children in their homework and later goes with dinner arrangement. In case if any guests are landing up manages without complaint. If any guest praises the woman in charge, she gets to hear negativity too from her family, which she accepts with a clean smile. The entire life she performs all her duties with a never ending list of complaints, and negativity as a reward. In Islam roles of woman are praised as follows: For Mothers: “And we have commanded

man to be good towards parents; his mother bore him with hardship and delivered him with hardship..” For Wives: “Treat women well and be kind to them; they are your partners and committed helpers.” Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) For Daughters:“Whoever has daughters and treats them kindly, they will be a protection for him against the fire.” Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) Marriage: “And among His signs is this that He created mates for you from yourselves that you may find rest and peace of mind in them, and He ordained between you love and mercy. Certainly, herein indeed are signs for people who reflect” Quran 30:21. These are the in scripts of our religion for woman, but from time to we forget about it. Above all this one more fact that cannot be denied is that a woman becomes a woman enemy too…. in relation of in laws and as the second woman in her man’s life. Despite being very fragile and weak, the woman faces bitterness of life strongly. A loud shout can make her cry in less than a second. She gets hurt very easily but once she gathers her strength she is the strongest. The hard fact each and every woman faces is of not having a permanent house. At first she stays in her father’s house, then comes the husband’s house and at the end her son’s house. Even if she is gifted a house from her father, she will never be able to get it recognized cause it will hurt her husband’s ego. If her husband gifts her a house then children will ask her for inheritance of the house. At the end she ends up standing at a point where she is in a position not to complain. As a woman I myself feel no matter how much you give to your family in return you never get the same…… Her credits are accepted by her own confidence, strength and the ability to stand on her own…

The anti-virus drug Tamiflu reduced the risk of death from flu by a quarter among adults who took it during the 2009-2010 H1N1 influenza pandemic. The research collated data from 78 studies, covering more than 29,000 patients in 38 different countries, admitted to hospital during the H1N1 flu scare. A novel flu strain, H1N1 initially stoked fears of a massive death toll in line with flu pandemics of the previous century. But the strain turned out to be far less lethal, with a mortality rate similar to that of annual, or "seasonal", strains of flu. Tamiflu -- lab name oseltamivir -- is the most widely used of two frontline drugs used to fight flu by inhibiting viral replication.

Donors pledge $1bn to Pakistan for education

Former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown says international donors have pledged to provide Pakistan with about a billion dollars over the next three years to help it provide education to millions of out-of-school children. Now a United Nations special envoy on global education, Brown said that the global community will partner with Pakistan in financing the biggest education expansion in the country's history. Pakistan recently doubled its education budget, from two to four percent of its gross domestic product. Brown says the goal is to provide education to more than 55 million people over ten years old who are illiterate in Pakistan.

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PROPERTY CORNER

THE GREAT BRITISH PROPERTY ROMANCE Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son

are very attractive to overseas buyers. Also, London is competing, not with cities in this country, but with the world. Although such prices and rentals are not common in the North, there definitely seems to be signs of the property romance being rekindled. The passion for owning property is very much in the DNA of many British people and it does not look like disappearing any time soon. In the last few months, there are clear signs that demand for property is beginning to show some improvement. There seems to be a renewed enthusiasm in the air. As demand increases supply will become challenged. Therefore, new build is going to be the future of the market. As such there are clear signs that developers are beginning to see this demand and reacting to it. As you can probably see in your own town or city, development sites are springing up. Although this is not widespread, it is happening. A clear indication that demand for property is Last week I was in London for a meeting, and as ever, whenever I am in a returning. In the last few months, the auction room has also been very housing need in this country. new city my anorakic-self takes over, so I end up exploring the property busy, showing signs that people's confidence is returning. The pressure on the south could be helped by better communication market, to the annoyance of my family. links. HS2 could help bridge that gap. Although that is many years away Although the northern markets are improving they are clearly a long it is regarded by many as a step in the right direction. We were staying in Bayswater and I was staggered to learn that a three- way behind the London and Greater London markets. It is clear we will bedroomed apartment was on the market at a mere £11million and a see a steady improvement this year, but a word of caution. The North house around the corner from our hotel was on at £25million. The rent- is not London and a few months of improving signs do not signal the As for the romance of property ownership, I don't think this will disapals were equally eye watering at around £6,500 per month. It intrigued beginning of summer in the property market. We still have a long way pear. It has a history that spans many generations and will remain an aspiration of generations of people to come. The challenge is, how do me to look further into the London market and it is clear that romance to go before we can say that the market is buoyant. we accommodate this? of the British property market is well and truly alive in London. In order to facilitate this demand, in particular for housing, the public When you compare these prices with the North, they are chalk and and private sectors need to work together. Public land could be used to If you want to contact me I am a consultant at Mark Jenkinson and Son, 0114 2760151/0787 9015095, and will be more than happy to advise cheese. The London market is very much international, with many buy- accommodate the rising demand for housing. The challenge on any property issues you may have. Please feel free to contact me ers coming from overseas. Seemingly there seems to be no end in sight with demand at staggeringly high levels. It does bet the question – how facing many of our cities is that rising population levels need accom- or through ILM, and do keep requesting topics you want me to write do ordinary Londoners afford such high rentals, never mind being able modation. Without new build it is difficult to see how this rising de- about. to buy. mand could be covered by existing supply. Therefore, it is incumbent Please note this article is only for guidance, on the public and private sectors to work together to identify land and and you should take professional advice I suppose the lure of a strong market and a stable political environment promote positive planning solutions to deliver the increasing levels of

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PROPERTY SECTION • The tenant must have a long lease (a term of more than 21 years or a shorter lease with a right to renewal). Q1: Can I buy the freehold or extend the lease of The tenant must: my house as its leasehold? • Be the registered proprietor of the lease Yes you can buy the freehold of your House Under to the house at the time the application is made; the Leasehold Reform Act 1967 (as amended) (LRA and 1967), a tenant of a house has the right to enfranHave held the lease for the past two chise. The right to enfranchise under the LRA 1967 • includes both the right to buy the freehold of the years or for a total of two years in the past ten property and the right to a lease extension. The years. right to enfranchise is subject to all of the followQ2: I am purchasing a Leasehold flat, what are ing qualification requirements: the legal implications of this? • The house must be a building reasonably considered a house, divided vertically from Always make sure that the term of the Lease is adany adjoining house. As long as the tenant owns equate for the mortgage lender and ensure that it the lease of the entire house, it does not matter if is according to the lenders requirements. Most lenders prefer for the Lease to have 100 the house has been divided into flats. years or more remaining. Also, make sure you are aware ground rent charge, any service charges and any other charges including Insurance rent. Questions and Answers – Legal Corner ILM Property Section

LEGAL CORNER Mohammed Nazir

Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: nazir@wosskowbrown.co.uk

searches and preferably conduct a full survey of the property. Once you sign the Contract, you will not be able to change your mind even if there are problems with the property or title.

Searches consist of various enquiries with various departments such as the coal mining authority, local council, water & drainage department etc. The survey is a detailed report prepared and conducted by a professional Surveyor about the conQ4: I am purchasing a property and would like dition of the property and about the structure of quick completion. My solicitor has advised that the property. the results of the searches are holding things up. Can I complete before getting the results of the Disclaimer: This is information only and do not act on this information as legal advice and alsearches? ways seek advice from your solicitor according to Yes you can complete the matter without the re- the circumstances of your case. sults of the searches and an indemnity policy can be put in place on your behalf. However, if there is a lender involved then they will need to accept a no search indemnity policy. This insurance will then cover you for any losses in case of any adverse entries. Q5: I am purchasing a property and the mortgage lender has conducted a survey, is this survey sufficient for my needs?

Your mortgage lenders survey is only for valuation Q3: I am purchasing a property at auction, what purposes and cannot be relied upon for buying implications should I consider before signing the purposes. You cannot sue the lenders surveyor based on the lender survey as he only has a duty Contract? of care to the lender. Make sure your solicitors have checked the legal Always have your own survey which will be accordpack and there are no restrictive covenants and no ing to your requirements. problems with the property being on a short Lease Q6: Please advise what the difference is between or structural defect. Also, make sure your solicitor has checked the the searches and the survey?

Afridi Pierces The Smoke Screen India has long prided itself in being the largest democracy in the world. Yet this very same country has recently engaged in certain activities that have offended the individual rights of its citizen’s. Such offence has now not only called into disrepute India’s image of being the largest democracy in the world, but the offence in actual terms has called into question the legitimacy of India’s human rights standards, its behaviour towards its resident Muslims and India’s occupation of the ego nominated title, “ambassadors of human rights”. More worryingly, the offence has further placed under the global microscope’ India’s elusive demeanour towards the valiant people of Kashmir ’. A simple Pakistan vs. India cricket match has played a pivotal role in dismantling the false scaffolding upon which successive Indian governments have hitherto erected their doubtful democratic stance. And thus the story unveils; hitherto cricket was perceived as a reputable sport, harmonious, and amicably referred to as “the gentleman’s game”. A sport which does not recognise any prejudicial boundaries, as such cricket discriminates not between culture, religion and national borders. What happens on the cricket ground remains within the parameters of the ground. That is of course unless you are harbouring under an Indian cloud. For cricket fans residing under the Indian regime have to display preferences for their home nation only, you are therefore forbidden from expressing preferences or desires for any other countries teams. Reportedly you are automatically branded a terrorist should you be found discussing Independence or right of self-determination for or on behalf of the people of Kashmir. Naturally you’ll be forgiven for assimilating the latter characteristics more to a dictatorship led system and not a democratic country. But India’s expulsion of a number of Students from their University for

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By MukhtarTufail © 2014 – ILM

was how India’s disguise of being the world’s largest democracy was finally being unveiled, the mask was off, India had failed to protect the human rights of a handful of students and questionably therefore how could it ever continue to maintain its stance as In March 2014 during India vs Pakistan Asia Cup the guardian of 814 million people. 2014 Shahid Afridi achieved what several wars failed to achieve, what various religious scholars Critics are now citing and relying on India’s hostile and political parties couldn’t accomplish. That was behaviour towards Pakistan as a classical example to unite the entire nation, Pakistan. On March 2014, of India’s failings to maintain global peace in the there were no Sunni’s, No Shia’s, No Sindhi’s, South Asian region. Critics are alleging that the No Boloachi’s, No Pathans. There were just Paki- Indian machinery is stuck on destroying cricket in Pakistan. Thus stani’s, Pakistait is suggested nis collectively that Delhi, on praying that the pretext of seShahid Afridi curity concerns gets his ‘boom, has repeatedly boom on’. attempted to isolate Pakistan by Indeed as the refusing to play willow from Afcricket on Paridi’s bat fanatikistan soil. The cally caressed ripple effects the leather ball of this refusal and Afridi’s auhave had intertonomous batnational conseting style began quences. Such to make a mockhas been the ery of the Indian extent of India’s balling attack. blanket refusal It was not only India’s pride and image that was being smashed to accommodate Pakistan that reportedly they have around the ground, it was also their confidence and questioned engaging with Pakistan even on neutral, international grounds. Supplementary India has alimage. legedly also erected barriers which prevent PakiAs news that a certain number of Kashmiri students stani cricketers participating in the IPL tournament. had been suspended from Meerut Swami Vivekan and Subharti University (in Srinagar) for cheering However others questioning India’s integrity have on Pakistan started appearing social media sites, looked beyond the sporting arena and cited a rising the ripple effects and repercussions of Afridi’s sixes number of sexual violence attacks against women. were being unjustly felt far beyond the boundary The gang-rape in 2012 of a young Indian lady sent international shock waves which led to strong interline. national condemnation. What was also becoming more and more visible

allegedly celebrating Pakistan’s victory against India has corroborated how the boaster of democracy is not mentally equipped to run a nation occupied by 814 million.

During an exclusive gathering hosted by the very fervent chair of The Pakistan Muslim Centre ( Sheffield ) Mr Mohammed Ali, Lord Nazir Ahmed strongly condemned the actions of those individuals who are employed by the concerned Indian, University and Colleges. Lord Ahmed member of British House of Lords said, ‘I am appalled and disgusted that the Indian University could be so biased against the Kashmiri students. He further said, ‘This shows that Kashmir is not Part of India as they do not treat even the students as their own’. During the course of the event which was orchestrated to endorse a historical journey in which representatives of the Pakistan Muslim League (N), Sheffield Branch General Secretary Abdul Kayum and Political Advisor ( Partner Wosskow Brown Solicitor ) Nazir Awan, under the auspices of the Chair Ishfaq Kayani engaged with a number Pakistani officials, including more notably the governor of Punjab. Chair Mohammed Ali stated how appalled he was with the childish behaviour of those involved with expulsion. “I’m very disappointed by what I have read and India has always portrayed the image of a peaceful nation, yet their recent behaviour has been questionable. We strongly urge all authorities to work towards an amicable resolution. “ Ishfaq Kayani (the Pakistan Muslim League (N), Sheffield Branch) further called on all bodies to strongly condemn the parties involved. “We achieved so much whilst engaging with authorities in Pakistan. The case we made on behalf of the British Pakistani Community where we petitioned for the reinstatement of consular surgeries, in itself was a monumental achievement. Today should have been a day of celebration but we have found our historical achievements being over shadowed by the unacceptable behaviour of the relevant Indian Education Authorities “ (Abdul Qayum )

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BUSINESS PLANNING Amar Saleem

Business Development Manager Sheffield Chamber of Commerce

Email: amar.saleem@scci.org.uk

BUSINESS PLANNING

Once you have clearly defined goals – which should be SMART (specific, measurable, appropri- BUSINESS PLAN VISION It might be a well-worn cliché, but it remains true ate, realistic and time-limited) – you can create a – planning without action is futile, while action plan that explains how you will achieve them (for Having a sound business plan shows awareness, vision, ambition and proper consideraexample your business development strategy). without planning is fatal. tion of the facts. Financial Information is vital to all good busiHaving a well thought-out business plan doesn't BUSINESS PLANNING FOR SUCCESS ness plans. And although no one can see guarantee success for your new business. Things won’t always go your way and you can’t control It doesn't pay to make your plans too short term or into the future, forecasting (an essential eleverything that might affect your fledgling enter- too forward-looking. Most business plans for new ement of any good business plan) provides prise. But if you don’t have a sound business plan, businesses are based on one- to three-year projec- a reliable means of anticipating what lies which details your goals and strategy, you’re sig- tions. However, all good plans set out key goals – ahead. As events unfold, you can update and explain how and when they will be achieved. your business plan and run your enterprise nificantly more likely to fail. on a better-informed basis. And as well as offering a useful benchmark against Because all businesses are different, goals and which you can judge your performance, business plans vary too. A business with greater resources Business plans usually include a marketing plans can prevent you from making bad decisions. might have higher ambitions or set out to achieve plans, which explains how sales objectives its goals quicker. External factors, such as market will be achieved. Marketing plans also detail: tarconditions, also have a bearing on business-devel- get market and customers; demand; competitors’ SETTING BUSINESS PLAN GOALS opment plans, so bear these in mind when consid- strengths and weaknesses; pricing strategy marketing, sales and advertising methods; budget; If you want your business to succeed, you must ering your goals and strategy. and key dates. have goals. They can be relatively modest (there’s nothing wrong with that – many small businesses Planning should never be rushed or insufficiently are great businesses). Alternatively, you might informed, but rather the result of sounds research REVISITING YOUR BUSINESS PLAN have far loftier ambitions (many people do). The and careful consideration. Bad planning can ultiimportant point is you need to know where you mately result in business failure. At the very least, Plans are unlikely to work if they exist only in a your business might not grow as quickly as you owner-manager’s head. They need to be set out want to take your business. in black and white. Someone (probably you) must want or in the way you hope.

also assume responsibility for their implementation and communication, while progress must be reviewed regularly (another job for guess who?). Revisiting your plan serves as a useful reminder of your goals. And when necessary, changes must be implemented, either to goals or strategy. A more drastic rethink will be required if progress falls way short of your expectations. Then it will be necessary to update your business plan.

WHY DEBT IS STILL THE TABOO SUBJECT WITHIN THE ASIAN COMMUNITY

As a community we have fallen into the trap of taking on large amounts of credit. Whether this is to keep up with the Jones’ or to put on that lavish wedding. However, with the economy the way it is, this inevitably lands us in financial difficulty where we are unable to repay our creditors. As debt is such a taboo subject in the Asian community, we don’t tell anybody, and therefore preclude ourselves from receiving good debt advice. As on many occasions, the debt can simply be written off and the interest frozen. It would seem that the Asian community is more open to the idea of taking out credit at an individual level compared to previous generations, however, discussing it openly is a big no no as there is still a great deal of stigma and shame associated with personal debt.

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Up until recently credit has always been thrust in our faces and our letter boxes full of ‘preapproved’ loans and credit cards and we have willingly taken up these offers so we can pay for all the unnecessary junk that society tells us that we need. Following the credit crunch, banks have significantly curbed their lending resulting in the traditional lines of credit drying up for the average consumer. This became a problem for us as we are a nation of buy now, pay later consumers and we can no longer sustain our lifestyles. We have been forced to make changes to our lifestyle choices and re-evaluate our finances. However, sometimes making these changes is not enough to get us out of financial difficulty.

On many occasions, this is down to redundancy or a reduction to the household income, especially in recent years. Struggling with debt usually precedes stress, especially when the debt collection agencies are harassing you day and night and in many cases can lead to marital breakdowns further compounding the financial problem. At this stage most people realise that they cannot continue as they are and seek professional debt advice to address the underlying problem. This is the start to the road to becoming debt free. However, unfortunately, many people turn to Pay Day Loan lenders at this stage or even worse, turn to gambling or drink. They generally do this out of despair and they cannot see a way out.

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Exercise Exercise is as an activity requiring physical effort, carried out to sustain or improve health and fitness. People who do regular physical activity have: •up to a 35% lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, •up to a 50% lower risk of type 2 diabetes, •up to a 50% lower risk of colon cancer, •up to a 20% lower risk of breast cancer, •a 30% lower risk of early death, •up to an 83% lower risk of osteoarthritis, •up to a 68% lower risk of hip fracture, •up to a 30% lower risk of depression, •up to a 30% lower risk of dementia. To stay healthy or to improve health people need to do three types of physical activity each week: aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening activity. The National Institute of Clinical Excellence advises that we should all be aiming for 30 minutes of moderate activity on 5 days of the week. The NHS Choices website goes into more details regarding the amount of exercise we should be doing based on our age.

Age 5-18 •60 minutes of physical activity every day, including: •Moderate intensity activity and vigorous intensity activity. •On 3 days a week these activities should involve: •Muscle strengthening and bone strengthening. Age 19+ •150 minutes (5 x 30 minutes) of moderate intensity aerobic activity every week, and: •Muscle strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups, Or •75 minutes of vigorous intensity aerobic activity every week, and: •Muscle strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups, Or •30 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity and 30 minutes of vigorous intensity aerobic activity every week, and: •Muscle strengthening activities on 2 or more days a week that work all major muscle groups.

What counts as moderate intensity aerobic activity? Moderate intensity aerobic activity means you're working hard enough to raise your heart rate and break a sweat.

What counts as muscle strengthening activity? For young people, muscle strengthening activities are those that require them to lift their own body weight or to work against a resistance.

•Walking to school, playing in the playground. •Walking fast, walking the dog, pushing a lawnmower. •Riding a bicycle on level ground or ground with few hills.

Examples of muscle strengthening activities suitable for children include: •Games such as tug of war, swinging on playground equipment bars, rope or tree climbing. •Sports such as gymnastics, football, basketball and tennis.

What counts as vigorous intensity aerobic activity? Vigorous intensity aerobic activity means you're breathing hard & fast, & your heart rate has gone up. You won't be able to say more than a few words without pausing for breath. •Running, playing chase. •Energetic dancing, aerobics. •Gymnastics, skipping rope. •Playing football, swimming fast. •Riding a bicycle fast or on hilly ground. •Hiking.

Rotherham Council Launch ‘Your Account’ with a chance to Win an iPad Rotherham Council has taken a significant leap forward in the way key services are delivered by introducing an exciting new online service. In a bid to ensure that Rotherham residents receive the best possible service, and can access the services that matter to them whenever they want, the Council has launched ‘Your Account’ - allowing access to personal Council Tax, Benefits, Business Rates and Landlord records. To help encourage people Save Time and Do it online, a special competition is being held with the winner receiving a brand new iPad. Anyone who registers for Your Account and adds their Council Tax service before April 18 will be entered into the competition. The winner of the iPad will be selected on April 25 at 12 noon and will be contacted via e-mail by the May 2. Full Terms and Conditions can be viewed at “www.

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rotherham.gov.uk/youraccount Your Account is live now, with over 3,250 people already registered. The service is simple, straightforward and easy to use; designed to help customers save time, avoid queues and have the services that matter to them at their fingertips. The Council is continuing to be innovative and maintain great relationships with customers; it is hoped the initial release of services will allow Your Account to develop and become an essential tool for Rotherham Residents, Business Owners and many more. Your Account is available 24/7 on any internet enabled device and free Internet Access is available in all of Rotherham’s Libraries. For more information, and to register please visit www.rotherham.gov.uk/youraccount We look forward to welcoming you to Your Account.

Dr Shafqat Mahmood

Examples of muscle strengthening activities suitable for young people and adults include: •Sit-ups, push-ups. •Lifting weights. •Sports such as football, basketball, rugby and tennis. •Gymnastics, yoga. •Resistance exercises with exercise bands, weight machines or hand-held weights. •Rock climbing. •Heavy gardening.

UK Police Officers Can Now Wear Shalwar Kameez As Part Of Uniforms A new rule police officers will be permitted to wear shalwar kameez as part of their uniforms has been welcomed by new recruits. The news comes on the back of a recent announcement that Islamic law is to be enshrined in the British legal system for the first time under guidelines for solicitors. It is hoped that the new dress rule will mean more Asians will join police forces across the UK in greater numbers. The pilot scheme is to be introduced in Luton and Bradford later in the year. Anees Haris said he had always

wanted to join the police force but had been put off by the uniform, “I thought about joining the police when I left college but I just hated the trousers and shirt. "The new shalwar kameez rule is something that will certainly be more appeal to me. It is just far more comfortable - especially in the summer." Other proposals such as customary moustaches, torture to extract statements and commission based bribes have been shelved. The hijab is already worn by women police officers accross the country.

What counts as bone strengthening activity? Bone strengthening activities produce an impact or tension force on the bones that promotes bone growth & strength. Examples of bone strengthening activities suitable for children include: •Activities that require children to lift their body weight or to work against a resistance. •Jumping and climbing activities, combined with the use of playground equipment and toys. •Games such as hopscotch. •Skipping with a rope. •Walking. •Running. •Sports such as gymnastics, football, basketball and tennis. Examples of bone strengthening activities suitable for young people include: •Dance. •Aerobics. •Weight-training. •Water-based activities. •Running. •Sports such as gymnastics, football, netball, hockey, badminton and tennis. •Skipping with a rope. •Martial arts. .

Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket League Season 2014 The league kindly informs all club officials to note key dates for the up coming season. Booklet meeting will be held on 22nd April 2014 @ILM office, Abbeydale Road, 7pm. Clubs are reminded they must be represented by an official. Non attendance will incur a fine of 30.00. The league endeavours to distribute cricket balls at this event. Season 2014 will inshallah commence on Sunday 27 April 2014. The league request all club officials to e-mail joint secretary Afraz Khan

with their secretaries details; name and e-mail address, to; afy124@ goglemail.com. League secretary will forward league fixtures to respective officials. Clubs will also receive cup fixtures and further up dates via e-mail, so it's imperative you comply with the request. Chairmen sahib, Fayyaz Shah and the Executive Committee wish all the participating clubs a very good season. Afraz Khan Joint League Secretary

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ALLAMA IQBAL SUNDAY CRICKET LEAGUE PMC – SHEFFIELD 2014 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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3 8A 7H 5H 6H 10H 2A 7A 4H 1A 9A 4A 6A 8H 1H 5A 9H 10A 2H

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8 3H 2A 9H 1H 7H 6A 2H 10A 5A 4H 10H 1A 3A 5H 9A 4A 7A 6H

9 2H 1A 8A 10A 6A 5H 1H 7A 4H 3H 7H 10H 2A 4A 8H 3A 6H 5A

10 1H 5A 4A 9H 3A 7H 5H 8H 2A 6A 8A 9A 1A 2H 4H 6H 3H 7A

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