11 november2015 pdf complete

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UK 2010



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Muslims Contribution ‘Must Not Be Forgotten’ On Armistice Day

As Remembrance Sunday approaches this month, the sacrifice of millions for peace in The British Empire cannot be forgotten. Lesser known is the role of 400,000 Muslims from pre-partition India who fought on Britain’s side. It is a day for the nation to remember and honour those who have sacrificed themselves to secure and protect our freedom. More than 3.5million soldiers from the Asian subcontinent fought for Britain in the two conflicts, with tens of thousands killed in action. The 2.5million men and women who came over to do their bit in World War II became the biggest volunteer force in history. During World War I, Muslim troops in the Indian Army fought on the Western Front. By the end of the Great War, India had sent more than 1million troops. More than 47,000 died and 65,000 were wounded. In World War II, 2.5million men and women fought for Britain, with 36,092 killed, 64,354 wounded and almost 80,000 taken prisoner. Among the volunteers was Noor Inayat Khan, a radio operator for the Special Operations Executive. She was parachuted into France in 1943 to send messages from the Resistance to London. Khan was eventually captured and tortured. The Germans classified her ‘highly dangerous’ and she was sent to Dachau, where she was executed in 1944.

UK Population New Zealand retain ‘To Top 70m In World Cup 12 Years’

The UK population is to increase beyond 70 million in the next 12 years, official projections suggest. The Office for National Statistics said the population was expected to increase by 4.4 million in the next decade, before reaching 70 million in 2027. That increase is roughly the size of the Irish Republic. The population is projected to grow by 9.7 million over the next 25 years, to 74.3 million. Latest figures show there are 64.6 million people in the UK. The statistics predict an ageing population, with some 29.5% of people aged over 60 by 2039 - up from 23.2% this year. By then, more than one in 12 UK people are expected to be aged 80 or over. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) said its latest projections assume that more people will come to live in the UK than emigrate, accounting for about half of the projected population

increase. The remainder is attributed to births outnumbering deaths. Projections were also revised upwards in the latest figures. The population estimate for 2024 is now 249,000 more than the previous projection in 2012. Population growth As of June 2014 there were 64,596,800 People living in the UK 491,100 more than the previous year 259,700 added from net migration 226,200 from natural growth 25% of all births in 2013 were to mothers born outside the UK

China is the most populated country on Earth, with over 1,404,780,000 people - ahead of India which has just under 1.3 billion.

READ INSIDE Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket League Page 10

The Story of Geeta Page 13

CUT PIECE Page 22-23

Bilquis Edhi Page 19

Shahid Ali On The Campaign Trail Page 21 Ruthless New Zealand withstood a lost just three times in 54 matches rousing fightback from Australia be- since their triumph on home soil four fore crushing the Wallabies at Twick- years ago. enham to become world champions for a record third time. New Zealand becomes the first team to successfully defend the Rugby World Cup, beating Australia 34-17 in the final. The All Blacks had been ahead 21-3 at half-time before Australia staged a rousing fightback. The All Blacks have

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Simple Blood Test Could Rule Out Heart Attacks ‘In Minutes’ A simple blood test could rule out heart attacks in patients complaining of chest pain and “dramatically” reduce unnecessary admissions to hospital, scientists have found. Researchers said the high sensitivity test could rule out a heart attack diagnosis in nearly two thirds of people who arrive at accident and emergency (A&E) departments, meaning they could be sent home without needing to be admitted. Acute chest pain is one of the most common causes of hospital admissions and is responsible for one million visits to A&E wards in the UK. Over the last two decades the number of hospital admissions due to chest pain has tripled. The overwhelming majority of these patients do not have a heart attack. The test measures a protein called troponin in the patient’s blood, with low levels suggesting they are at “very low risk” of an attack within the following 30 days. The study, funded by the British Heart Foundation, used the test to measure troponin levels in more than 6,000 patients at four hospitals in Scotland and the US. It found 61% of people had a troponin concentration of less than five nanograms per decilitre - meaning there was a 99.6% likelihood they were at minimal risk of an attack.

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Foreign Patients Face Upfront A&E Charges Foreign patients who turn up at accident and emergency departments will be forced to pay an up front charge under plans being launched by Jeremy Hunt. Visitors from outside the European Union already pay for planned hospital care - but the health secretary wants to extend NHS charges to A&E units. Officials stressed that no one who needed urgent care would be turned away and the most vulnerable groups would be given protections. But doctors’ groups warned the plans could be unworkable, saying their duty was to treat a patient and not to question where he or she had come from. “International visitors are welcome to use the NHS, provided they pay for it - just as families living in the UK do through their taxes” Department of Health spokesman. The crackdown on so-called health tourism is expected to claw back about £500 million. The NHS faces an annual £30bn shortfall in the next parliament. Under the plans, patients needing casualty department services would have to make the payment before they were treated. Exemptions will be put in place for refugees and asylum seekers and pregnant women will not be turned away from maternity units if they have not paid upfront under the proposals. However, a spokesman for the Royal College of Emergency Medicine said that A&E doctors “cannot reasonably be expected to take on the burden on identifying who is eligible for free treatment, and who should be charged”. “A doctor’s duty is to treat the patient in front of them, not to act as border guard” said the British Medication Association.

The number of lettings by councils in England has fallen to the lowest figure since records began. Just over 116,000 homes were let by councils during the 2014/15 financial year, which was 7% lower than the previous 12 months and 20% lower than in 2007, according to the Department for Communities and Local Government. There was also a 37% drop in council lettings of supported housing, aimed at those requiring specific support, such as the elderly or disabled. And the impact of dwindling stock is clear to see – all but three councils in England have a shortfall in social housing, with more than 1.37 million households on the waiting list. The 2008 economic crash devastated the housebuilding industry, leading to the lowest levels of ‘starts’ for any peacetime year since the 1920s. One of the reasons behind this drop has been the Right to Buy scheme, which has seen more than 52,000 council houses in England sold to tenants between 2007 and 2014. Some 7,790 new council houses were built during the same period. Responding to the decline in homes available to rent, the DCLG pointed to the devastating impact of the financial crash on housebuilding and claimed the government was now increasing the number of new homes built each year.


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Council House Lettings Fall To Record Low As 1.37m Families Wait For A Home

Do you want to have your say on the services provided in Sheffield or in the referendum on the UK’s membership of the European Union? The local elections next year may seem a long way off, but whenever it is called, a referendum on the UK’s membership of the European Union would only need six weeks’ notice! Sheffield residents are now being encouraged to check and make sure they are registered to vote Apart from crucial national issues, the ballot box gives you the right to vote for the person or party who has a major influence on local school provision, waste disposal, highways improvement, housing and many other everyday services that we all rely on. The closing date for local voters to register is 17 November to allow time for the up-dated register to be produced by the 1 December deadline. A new system called ‘Individual Electoral Registration’ was introduced last year and everyone is now responsible for registering themselves. Under the old system the ‘head of each household’ could register everyone who lived at their address.

SHEFFIELD CITY REGION TO HAVE AN ELECTED MAYOR Chancellor George Osborne has announced that the Sheffield city region will have an elected mayor as part of a devolution deal which will see the area receive £900m over the next 30 years. From 2017 the city region will vote for a directlyelected Mayor who will oversee a range of powers including transport budgets and planning. George Osborne stated: "Sheffield is forging ahead in the northern powerhouse, which this historic deal proves is taking shape. It has the power to change the shape of local government in a way that would have been unthinkable even a few years ago. For local people, it will mean the decisions that affect them being taken locally." Sheffield City Region is one of 38 towns, cities, counties and regions which submitted ambitious proposals to Westminster to take control of how public money is spent in their area.

Over 90 per cent of eligible voters are already registered to vote and should have been moved onto the new system automatically. Enquiry forms were also sent to households across the city this summer. Anyone who hasn’t yet responded to the forms sent out this summer should do so now and if you don’t think you are registered go to www.gov.uk/register-to-vote. Registering online should take less than five minutes. People will be asked for their date of birth and National Insurance number to register. These details are checked against Government records to help make sure all registrations are genuine. Unless residents apply to register under the new system, they will be removed on 1 December this year. It only takes a few minutes to register, but anyone who does not respond could be fined £80. In May 2016 there will be elections for all 84 Sheffield City Council ward councillor seats as well as an election for the important role of South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner.

Celebrating Community Afraz Khan Partnerships AISCL On 29 October 2015; Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket Executive Committee met with Alison Law proprietor's at Amigo's Restaurant. Fahim Ali was accompanied by his two brothers Wajid Ali and Shahid Ali. Also present was Gareth Davies, from ECB. Chairman of league, Fayyaz Shah Sahib and PMC chairman Mohammed Ali Sahib presented an appreciation letter and certificate to Fahim Ali for his support to Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket

League. There were frank exchanges on how to progress the league and Alison Law presented their proposals for season 2016 to the Committee. Clubs can anticipate with great excitement for what's in store. Executive Committee will present these to the team's that will be selected for season 2016. On behalf of Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket League we would express our gratitude for their continued support.


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Page Hall And Firvale Face Lift And Improvement Petition Presented To Harry Harpham MP Mohammed Nazir The Page Hall And Firvale Face Lift And Improvement Petition Was Presented To Harry Harpham Mp For Brightside And Hillsborough On 3rd October in Saint Cuthberts Church, Barnsley Road, Sheffield local shop keepers and residents presented a petition to improve the local shops and area as it has been done in various other wards of Sheffield. Local business men, Waheed Nazir, Abdul Khayum Khan from Yorkshire Muslim Academy and local solicitor Mohammed Nazir took this initiative and arranged this meeting with MP Harry Harpham. In this petition, it has been requested that the local MP should ask the government to issue the funds to this area to improve the shop fronts and sidewalks. Addressing to this meeting, Harry has assured that he will raise this issue with the local government minister in London. Also, he will speak to the local council on the issues raised by the community and business men. Harry has also answered the questions raised by the attendees, at the end of the meeting. The hosts thanked everyone for attending.

The figures are higher than the national Minimum Wage, which increased by 20p an hour to £6.70 this week, and compared with the national living wage announced by the Government of £7.20 which will come into force for over 25-year-olds next April. Unions and campaign groups are arguing that firms should pay the current Living Wage rate, which is calculated on costs such as accommodation, travel, and healthy food. Sectors including care homes, pub chains and hospitality, have warned that next April's increase could lead to job losses or price rises. But a steady flow of small and large firms are now signing up to pay the current Living Wage. Around one in five workers earn less than the Living Wage.

South Yorkshire Police Rated One Of Most Inefficient In Country South Yorkshire Police has been told it is one of the nine most inefficient police forces in the country. Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary examined the force to assess the value for money it represents - checking the condition of its finances and how police chiefs understand the demand for the service and how well they match their resources to it. Inspectors graded five forces as outstanding, 29 as good and eight as requiring improvement. For the first time, one force - Humberside - was found to be inadequate. South Yorkshire Police was rated as requiring improvement. Inspectors said forces across the country face major challenges in the years ahead from reduced budgets, fewer officers and more complex crime. Inspectors found South Yorkshire police chiefs have developed plans to achieve the £12.9m savings needed this financial year and a further £13.5m required next year. They said savings in fu-


At least 50,000 fines have been handed to parents for taking their children out of school for a term-time holiday in the past academic year. This is a 173% increase on 2012/13, when 18,484 fines were handed out - and the true figure nationwide could be considerably higher, as this only covers 71 councils. Strict new rules designed to prohibit parents from allowing their children to miss lessons were introduced by the Government two years ago. But campaigners have claimed they make families feel like they are being “criminalised”. “Our evidence shows missing the equivalent of just one week a year from school can mean a child is significantly less likely to achieve good

GCSE grades, having a lasting effect on their life chances,” Department for Education spokesman. Parents can now be fined £60 per pupil for taking unauthorised holidays in term time, rising to £120 if the penalty is not paid within three weeks. Although holidays outside of half-term breaks are usually cheaper, the Government is urging families not to accept the fines in a bid to save money. Lancashire County Council handed out the most holiday fines in 2014/15 with 3,907 penalty notices being sent to parents. Bradford, Redbridge, West Sussex and Derbyshire are also hotspots for penalties.

Rise Of The Superbugs

Nearly 200 Firms Agree To Pay The National Living Wage Almost 200 firms have agreed to pay the national Living Wage in recent months, with more expected to sign up before a new rate is set this month. There are now 1,800 accredited Living Wage employers, ranging from leading banks such as Barclays, RBS and HSBC, to small organisations employing a handful of staff. The Living Wage Foundation sets the rate, currently £7.85 an hour across the UK, and £9.15 in London. Accredited employers commit to paying staff at least the UK and London rates, as well as sub-contractors working on their premises. New rates will be announced on November 2 at the start of Living Wage Week, likely to see the UK rate edge towards £8 an hour.

School Term-Time Holiday Fines Treble In Two Years

ture years ‘will become increasingly dependent on the force’s ambition to increase services provided in collaboration with other forces’. Inspectors found that although the force has axed jobs ‘there remain opportunities to achieve further efficiencies in line with similar costs in other forces’. The force has a higher number of police staff per head of population than most other forces in England and Wales and the cost of police officers and police staff per head of population is higher than most other forces. Chief Constable David Crompton said: “Around £53 million has been stripped from the force’s budget since 2010, and it’s anticipated the funding available for policing South Yorkshire will fall by a further £59 million over the next five years. “The force clearly faces significant financial pressures to maintain service in the coming months and years, particularly in light of the costs we face in relation to the Hillsborough disaster inquests.

Routine operations will become “virtually impossible” without urgent action to tackle the threat posed by superbugs’ resistance to antibiotics, a study has found. Even a 10% reduction in the effectiveness of treatments to prevent surgical infections would result in 2,100 more deaths each year in the US, scientists predict. If the drugs lost 30% of their power to protect against bugs, it would lead to 120,000 more infections and 6,300 more patients dying, they say. In the worst scenario, a 70% drop in efficacy was expected to add 5,000 lost lives to the US death toll.

Doctors have long been worried about the decreasing effectiveness of antibiotics as they are overused and the bacteria they are supposed to defeat become resistant. If the antibiotics that we rely on to protect us after common surgery like caesareans, joint replacements, chemotherapy and transplant surgery don’t work, it’s going to have a catastrophic effect on healthcare. No new classes of antibiotics have been discovered for 25 years and it has been estimated that current antibiotics may be useless within the next two decades.

Three-Quarter NHS Hospitals ‘Not Safe Enough’ Three-quarters of NHS hospitals in England are not safe enough with a lack of staff being cited as the main reason. A study from the Care Quality Commission (CQC) found 13% of hospitals are “inadequate” for safety while 61% “require improvement”. Only 26% of hospitals were rated as good - while none of those inspected were described as “oustanding”. Inspectors found examples of “disregard for patient safety” which included poor record-keeping, medicines not being stored correctly and incomplete safety checks. “There are some excellent examples of highquality care across the country but the level of variation is unacceptable.” Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt. The report said: “A major reason for failings in safety is insufficient numbers of staff and use of temporary staff. This is particularly prevalent in medical care departments, where key

safety risks are not always recognised, patient assessments can be poorly carried out and deteriorating patients are not always recognised." Problems included A&E patients being left overnight on trolleys in portable units without adequate nurse assessment and at one hospital, medicine was given without first identifying it was the right patient. The inspections took places at half of the hospitals in England - the ones where there were most likely to be issues.

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Revealed: The New Black Cab London Taxi Company reveals the next generation of black cab, which will take over from the current model in 2017, and feature traditional, rear-hinged passenger doors The next black cab has broken cover – and for taxi users who lament the loss of the traditional, rear-hinged passenger doors, good news: it’s making a comeback! The TX5, as the new model is called, draws on the current TX4 model’s design, but also on the FX4 and FX3 before it, for inspiration. That means it features the rear-hinged "suicide" doors present on those models and beloved of taxi users for their ease of access. However, the TX5 will be built from thoroughly modern materials, with a lightweight aluminium frame hidden beneath composite body panels in order to improve efficiency. And instead of the diesel engine that has powered black cabs for several decades, the TX5 will feature an electric drivetrain with an internal combustion engine that charges the

batteries in an arrangement known as a “range extender”. There’s no word yet on whether the internal combustion component will be powered by diesel or petrol, but either way, the new TX5 is expected to emit significantly fewer fumes than the model it replaces. The new TX5 will go on sale in the UK at the end of 2017.

Nether Edge Councillors ‘We are here to help’ Nether Edge Councillors Monthly Surgery: 1st Saturday of the month Dalton Court Community Centre S8 0YU 11am - 12pm No need to book

Older Drivers ‘Are More Easily Distracted’ Older people’s ability to process visual images dramatically slows down, making them potentially less safe as drivers, says new research. Over- 65s take three times longer than younger people to process multiple objects Psychologists at Nottingham Trent University found that over- 65s take three times longer than younger people to process multiple objects. So they are unable to cope with distractions as well, impacting on their driving skills. In tests researchers found that over-65s were able to process visual information just as quickly as 18 to 30-year-olds when observing a single object on a computer screen but slowed up when more “distracting objects” were added. The work clearly has implications for everyday situations in which visual scenes are composed

of multiple objects. Drivers, for instance, need to search cluttered visual scenes for targets such as road signs and buildings, while encoding and storing information on other vehicles or hazards. At present there is no law against people driving over a specific age. But at 70 they must apply for a new driving licence every three years, including a form asking drivers to declare that they are still safe. Last month seven people were injured after a car driven, say police, by a woman in her 80s, ploughed into them outside a Guildford shopping centre. A 13-month-old girl and a two-yearold boy were among those hurt. But people over 70 are half as likely to be involved in accidents as 18 to 20-year-olds, according to the Association of British Insurers.

Thieves Face Tougher Sentences As ‘Emotional Distress’ Of Victims Assessed The emotional distress suffered by victims of theft will now be used to decide what sentence should be handed down. New guidelines released later will focus on the impact of thefts on victims beyond financial loss, such as emotional distress, loss of confidence and disruption and inconvenience. The new guidelines will help judges and magistrates deal with this great variety of offences while ensuring that the harm caused to the victim is central to the sentencing

decision. The rules will apply to the full range of theft offences - one of the most common dealt with by courts with more than 91,000 people sentenced last year. Courts will also have specific guidance for common offences such as theft of a motor vehicle or bicycle. And for the first time, criminals who deface war memorials or steal historic objects will be dealt with more severely.

CRIME GOES UP BY 3% IN SOUTH YORKSHIRE More crimes have been committed across South Yorkshire in the past year according to the latest national figures. The number of violent crimes, public order and sexual offences all saw big increases compared to 2014 but the amount of burglaries and robberies fell. Nationally there's been a 41 percent rise in the number of sexual offences being reported to police - in South Yorkshire it was 70%. Police say although that may appear alarming its thought to be a sign that victims and survivors are now more willing to come forward and report incidents. Violent crime is up 25% and public order offences rose by 20% - but there has been some success on burglaries, robberies and car crime - they all dropped. The force says the figures cover a period where more demos and marches have been


taking place - they're also facing budget cuts of £59 million by 2020. South Yorkshire Police has issued the following statement..... “Statistics show that crime has fallen in key areas including burglary and robbery. The figures, compiled by the Office of National Statistics, compare the 12 months up to June 2014 and June 2015 and come at a time when the force is facing major financial and staffing pressures. Within South Yorkshire, overall theft offences have fallen, with the most significant reductions in house burglaries, which fell by 10%, and burglaries of other buildings, which fell by 15%. Theft from a motor vehicle fell by 11%, while theft of bicycles and theft from the person also saw a reduction.”

Councillor Nasima Akhter 07872476638 Nasima.Akhter@Sheffield.gov.uk

Councillor Mohammad Maroof 07790017298 Mohammad.Maroof@Sheffield.gov.uk

Councillor Nikki Bond 07971961803 Nikki.Bond@Sheffield.gov.uk







JOIN THE DEBATE IN YOUR AREA Leaders at Sheffield City Council have announced the latest round of ‘Question Time’ style sessions over the coming months to discuss issues that matter to people in their local areas. This is now the fifth year of the ‘Cabinet in the Community’ programme - giving more people the opportunity to come and ask questions and get involved in the debate about Council issues across the city. This year the focus of the meetings will be asking local people for their views on how they engage with the council. The events will include the usual opportunity to put any question of concern to the relevant Cabinet Member. Councillor Julie Dore, Leader of Sheffield City Council said: “Over the last few years we have found the Cabinet in the Community events to be a positive way of connecting with people across the city. We’ve had some really lively debates and discussions on issues that matter to people in those areas. “I’m looking forward to having the opportunity to take part in some really important debates in each part of the city. I hope as many people as possible will use the sessions as a way of engaging in democracy at a local level.” The items for discussion will be drawn up by local people and put to the Cabinet in the hour and a half session.

The meetings will all take place between 6.30 and 8pm on the following dates: • 11 November – South West • 25 November – South East • 20 January –North • 27 January - South • 16 February – East • 24 February – North East • 16 March – Central The first meeting, the South West, will be begin at 6.30pm (refreshments from 6pm) at St. Luke’s Church on Blackbrook Road, Lodge Moor, Sheffield S10 4LQ and the venues for the other meetings will be confirmed nearer the time. Residents will be able to submit written questions in advance of each meeting by emailing CabinetintheCommunity@sheffield.gov.uk with a deadline of five working days before the meeting. Where possible questions will be grouped together, so that a more focussed discussion can take place. Events will also be set up on Facebook for each of the Cabinet in the Community sessions, which residents can join to keep up with all the latest information. To find these events, visit the Our Sheffield or Sheffield Events Facebook pages.

London Sixth Most Expensive City In World For Foreign Students London is the sixth most expensive city in the world for international students to study in, according to new research. Foreign students can expect monthly costs of £2,600 if they study in the capital, with Bristol and Manchester also making the top 10 in eighth and ninth place respectively. It found students in Bristol will have to pay £2,150 on average, while in Manchester combined costs

of tuition fees, accommodation and living expenses will set students back £2,000 a month. Berlin was the cheapest of the 22 cities analysed, costing around £715 a month, while Boston topped the list with international students expected to fork out a monthly £3,500, followed by other US cities New York and San Francisco in second and third places.

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Tony Blair Apologises For Iraq War Mistakes Tony Blair has apologised for aspects of the Iraq War, sparking claims of attempted "spin" ahead of the Chilcot Inquiry findings. The former prime minister used a US television interview to express regret over the failure to plan properly for the aftermath of the 2003 toppling of Saddam Hussein and the false intelligence used to justify it. "I apologise for the fact that the intelligence we received was wrong," he told CNN. " I also apologise for some of the mistakes in planning and, certainly, our mistake in our understanding of what would happen once you removed the regime." Asked if the Iraq War was "the principal cause" of the rise of Islamic State, he was reported to have conceded: 'I think there are elements of truth in that." He added: "Of course you can't say those of us who removed Saddam in 2003 bear no responsibility for the situation in 2015." No date has yet been given for the release of the final conclusions - more than six years after the inquiry was set up by then prime minister Gordon Brown with an assurance it would take a year. Relatives of soldiers killed in the conflict have threatened legal action if a date is not fixed soon. A spokeswoman for the former PM said: "Tony Blair has always apologised for the intelligence being wrong and for mistakes in planning. He

has always also said, and says again here, that he does not however think it was wrong to remove Saddam. He did not say the decision to remove Saddam in 2003 'caused ISIS' and pointed out that ISIS was barely heard of at the end of 2008, when al Qaida was basically beaten. He went on to say in 2009, Iraq was relatively more stable. What then happened was a combination of two things: there was a sectarian policy pursued by the government of Iraq, which were mistaken policies. But also when the Arab Spring began, ISIS moved from Iraq into Syria, built themselves from Syria and then came back into Iraq. More recently, the Mail on Sunday reported claims that the former PM ordered ministers to ‘burn’ Iraq warning. “Claims that ministers were ordered to destroy a secret document on the legality of the Iraq war are nonsense”, Tony Blair’s office has said. The Mail on Sunday says a report by Attorney General Lord Goldsmith in 2003 said the conflict could be challenged under international law. It claims PM Mr Blair was horrified and those who had a copy were told to “burn it, destroy it.” Any idea of destroying such a report was absurd, Mr Blair’s office said. The newspaper alleges the “burn it” order was issued after a 13-page legal opinion was presented by Lord Goldsmith to Mr Blair less than three weeks before the outbreak of war.

Scrapping Unnecessary Checks Will Save Honest Motorists Around £10 Million A Year Drivers returning a written off car to the road will no longer need to apply for a Vehicle Identity Check (VIC) to prove their vehicle matches the registration details. Unnecessary vehicle checks that cost drivers millions will be scrapped, the Department for Transport has announced. The move will save motorists an estimated £9.7 million a year and cut around £4.8 million of costs incurred by UK businesses. The VIC was introduced in 2003 to stop vehicle ringing - where criminals make it easier to sell stolen cars by swapping the identity of cars no longer economical to repair with a stolen vehicle of a similar make and model. Advances in technology, and the fact that most vehicles returned to the road have been in the hands of the same keeper for 7 years or more, mean this check has become unnecessary. Scrapping the VIC scheme will make it easier and cheaper for motorists and businesses to return repairable written off vehicles to the road.

During the past 12 years around a million checks have been made, resulting in only a handful of actual cases of wrongdoing. A VIC currently costs £41 plus the time and inconvenience to people and businesses. Write-offs can be divided into 2 categories: an actual loss where the vehicle cannot and should not be repaired (salvage category A or B) - these will not be re-registered by the DVLA a constructive loss (salvage category C or D), where the vehicle could be repaired but the cost of doing so would exceed the replacement value of the vehicle Following the abolition of VIC the DVLA will no longer issue a vehicle registration document (V5C) for Category A and B vehicles. This will help to ensure that the most seriously damaged vehicles are processed via the end of life vehicle arrangements in line with the insurance industry code of practice for the disposal of motor vehicle salvage.

Britain ‘Deeply Divided’ Over Refugee Crisis Britain is deeply divided about how the nation should respond to the crisis in Syria, with most concerned about the impact of refugees coming into the country. Almost half (47%) of British people favour taking in fewer refugees. When the same question was asked using the term “asylum seeker”, that figure was 57%. Meanwhile, 61% think Britain’s resources can’t take the strain of more refugees, according to a survey for Sky News. The findings


come after the government decided to accept 20,000 refugees from camps neighbouring Syria, but none who had already travelled to Europe. Meanwhile, Donald Trump has said he would send Syrian refugees back to their home country if he was elected U.S. president. The Republican presidential frontrunner warned that those seeking asylum from Syria could be Islamic militants in disguise. He said: “They could be ISIS — I don’t know. Did you ever see a migration like that? They’re all men. And they’re all strong-looking guys … This could be one of the great tactical ploys of all time. A 200,000-man army, maybe.” He spoke out after secretary of state John Kerry announced that the U.S. would dramatically boost the number of refugees over the next few years, with 85,000 next year and up to 100,000 in 2017.

Tuberculosis Rates In Parts Of London Higher Than Rwanda And Eritrea Parts of London have higher rates of tuberculosis than countries such as Rwanda, Eritrea and Iraq, according to a report. The capital recorded more than 2,500 new cases of TB in London last year - about 40 per cent of the UK's total. The report, issued by the London Assembly, found a third of London boroughs exceed the World Health Organisation's (WHO) "high incidence" threshold with more than 40 cases per 100,000 people. And some borough wards are recording markedly more - areas of Hounslow, Brent, Harrow, Newham and Ealing have rates of more than 150 incidents per 100,000 people. WHO figures from 2013 show Iraq has 45 per 100,000 while Rwanda had 69 and Eritrea 92. On a whole, the UK had 13 cases per 100,000. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria, which is passed on through coughing and sneezing. Most people who get TB have had prolonged exposure to an infected person, the report said. The report calls for Londoners be educated on the disease and the Greater London Authority to include TB services when dealing with rough sleepers. Prisoners, refugees, migrants, people with substance abuse issues and homeless people were found to be most at risk of the disease.

What is tuberculosis? Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, it mainly affects the lungs - although it can reach other organs too. Symptoms include a persistent cough, night sweating, fever, fatigue and weight loss. It can be latent for many years. How do you catch it? TB is passed through the air and can be caught from being exposed to an infected person coughing and sneezing. It is usually caught off people who live together and affects mainly those with low immune systems. The most at risk are prisoners, drug addicts, refugees and migrants. People should not worry about travelling on public transport as the disease requires a consistent and close proximity. Is it curable? The disease been treatable for a number of years and it is very likely patients will be cured, although it will take six months worth of medication. But there is also a multiple drugs resistant strand which could mean two years of medication and up to 20 tablets a day - 14,000 in total. This amount of medication costs the NHS £5070,000 per patient.

Classroom Crisis Nearly 50,000 teachers quit the profession in the last year - the highest number since records began - according to figures released by the Labour Party. Teaching applications are also falling - down by 21,000 compared to this time last year - and are falling in key subjects such as English and maths, the data shows. The Labour Party estimates that Britain will need almost 160,000 additional teachers over the next three years - yet on current trends there could be a shortfall of 65,000 applicants over this period. Responding to the findings, the new shadow education secretary, Lucy Powell MP, said: "The Tories’ failure to take this problem seriously is threatening standards in our schools and damaging the educa-

tion of our children - it cannot go on any longer.“ She added: "Last week David Cameron claimed to care about social mobility - nothing is more important to raising standards, aspirations and social mobility than having excellent teachers in our schools." But a Conservative Party spokesperson accused Ms Powell of resorting to "scaremongering with misleading statistics”, claiming the number of teachers is at “an all-time high”. “Far from the picture painted by the Labour Party, teaching remains a hugely popular profession with 3% more people due to start postgraduate teacher training than this time last year.” Conservative Party spokesperson

Cameron Prepared To Press The Red Button And Start A Nuclear War David Cameron says he is prepared to press the red button to start a nuclear war if he had to. The prime minister said he believed the country should retain the Trident nuclear deterrent. And he said that Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn’s recent comment that he would not authorise the use of nuclear weapons even if Britain was under nuclear attack “undermined national security”. “The problem with his answer is, if you … believe like me that Britain should keep the ultimate insurance policy of an independent nuclear deterrent, you have to accept there are circumstances in which its use would be justified.” David Cameron. Mr Cameron was eager to exploit Labour’s division on the nation’s security and Mr Corbyn’s remarks. “If you give any other answer then you are, frankly, undermining our national security, undermining our deterrent”.

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Bradford Wins Record Fifth Curry Crown

DVSA Encourages Drivers To Brush Up On Highway Code

Bradford has been named Curry Capital of Britain for a record-breaking fifth year in a row. It beat off strong entries from cities including London, Glasgow, Manchester and Birmingham to win the prestigious title. Judges scored four restaurants selected to represent each town or city, assessed hygiene ratings and counted public votes. The West Yorkshire city was praised for holding several curry-themed events, including a poppadom eating challenge. Glasgow finished second and Brighton came in third in the competition, which marks the end of National Curry Week. Leicester and Birmingham finished fourth and fifth respectively. The restaurants selected to represent Bradford were Aakash, Kiplings, Shimla Spice and Akbar's. The curry capital title was first awarded in 2001. It was won by Bradford in 2004 in addition to 2011-2014. Having won the national competition for four years in a row, Visit Bradford’s bid for the 2015 title included a number of initiatives and activities, such as a series of poppadom challenges, a teddy bear’s picnic for guests prepared by users of the of the probation service and Fresh Start 4U, and an Incredible Edible-style Curry Garden as a lasting legacy of this year’s competition for the community to enjoy.

New research has shown that less than a quarter of Britain's motorists have read the Highway Code after passing their driving test. A new online survey of 400 road users, conducted by the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA), found that only 23% said they had read the Highway Code since they passed their practical driving test. As a result, the Highway Code already has amassed over 50,000 Twitter followers and 38,000 likes on Facebook. The majority of people receiving updates from the Highway Code say that since signing up to receive alerts, they have used the roads differently. Feedback to the DVSA has shown that: * 83% of respondents said that their knowledge has improved since signing up to the service * 66% of respondents said that they have used the road differently since signing up for the alerts * 94% of respondents said that they would recommend the service to family and friends The DVSA has now updated the online version of the Highway Code (https://www.gov.uk/guidance/the-highway-code) to make it easier to find rules and see recent changes.

Transport Minister, Lord Ahmad, said: "The Highway Code is essential reading for all road users - not just those who are learning to drive. It's now easier than ever to keep up to date with the Highway Code and the rules of the road. Making sure all road users keep their skills and knowledge up to date will help to keep Britain's roads amongst the safest in the world."

One Third Of Britons Signed Up To Organ Donation The number of people willing to give their organs to save others has risen by nearly a quarter in just four and a half years. Figures disclosed in Parliament showed some 21.9m people were on the NHS Organ Donor Register as of October. That is an increase of 4.1m, or 23.1 per cent, on the 17.8m people who were on the register at the end of March 2011. It means that roughly one third of all men, women and children have declared themselves willing to donate . People can now join the NHS Organ Donor Reg-

ister online. The process takes no more than two minutes. You can also join when registering for a driving licence, at a GP surgery, or even when you apply for a Boots Advantage card. The register is entirely confidential. In the event of the death of someone on the register, family or friends will be asked to confirm that they did not change their mind before any organs are taken. To sign the donor register visit organdonation. nhs.uk or call: 0300 123 23 23

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Government spooks will soon have the powers to routinely hack into your smartphone and home computer, according to reports. MI5, MI6 and GCHQ would be granted a range of electronic surveillance capabilities under the Government’s Investigatory Powers Bill, says the Times. Privacy campaigners have warned against increasing surveillance powers, while the Government and senior intelligence service figures have stressed the need for monitoring, citing the threat from Islamist extremists. The paper said the hacking powers outlined in the new Bill, which could be presented this month, were not included in the Communications Data Bill, which was dubbed the “snoopers’ charter” and blocked by the Liberal Democrats in coalition.

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Increasingly, (intelligence agents) can’t read communications sent over the internet because of encryption, so their ability to get information from interception is diminishing. The changes come after US whistleblower Edward Snowden claimed British spies had the ability to turn people’s mobile phones off and on and switch on the handset microphone on to listen to what is happening around them. Any new laws will need to be in place by December 2016 when temporary surveillance powers passed by the coalition government expire, Theresa May told MPs in June. MI5 Director General Andrew Parker recently demanded new powers to give his organisation a better chance of fighting terror.

More than 20,000 fraud and cyber crimes are perpetrated every day, the first official estimates of the scale of the offences in Britain suggest. There were 5.1 million incidents of fraud in England and Wales in the past year, with 3.8 million victims, the Office for National Statistics research indicates. It suggests the category is the now most common form of crime. In addition, there were an estimated 2.5 million incidents, such as hacking attacks, which fall under the Computer Misuse Act. “Crime is falling and it is also changing, and we are committed to tackling fraud and cyber crime. This is not a new threat and the government has

been working to get ahead of the game” Crime minister Mike Penning. The number of fraud incidents is nearly a third higher than theft offences – the highest category in the ONS-run Crime Survey for England and Wales at 3.9 million. Overall, crime in the 12 months to June has fallen by 8% from last year with an estimated 6.5 million offences – the lowest level since records started in 1981. But, if the fraud and cyber estimates were added to the tally, this means a total of 14.1 million crimes - a doubling in the rate. Police said the figures showed the internet was “changing the nature of crime”.

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Finite Gold Land Mohammed Mahroof BSc (Hons) MRICS Consultant Mark Jenkinson & Son going through these difficult times, but history is a reflection of our desire for land. The ownership of land can be considered in the same context as By no means have I touched on all the conflict- gold, silver, diamonds etc, history is a clear witing challenges and needs for land, but I do hope ness of this. I have given you an understanding of the value of land and why our need for land is only, in my Therefore the forward thinking investor/develophumble opinion, going to rise, yes we will see eco- ers are showing signs of return to the market, this nomic changes, we have and will continue to see is cautious optimism, but a good sign. recessions but ask yourself one question, has our need for land ever really diminished?, the answer As ever if you want to contact me please call me on 0114 2760151/07879 015095 or through ILM. is almost certainly going to be a cautious no.

In the last few years, there has been a steady in- Clearly that is expensive and fraught with difficrease in enquiries for land, whether this is for culty. It only strengthens the argument that land is an important commodity when some countries residential, commercial or general. are investing in such projects. I have talked about it on a number of occasions why owning and developing land is a good idea. Agriculture. One only needs to look into the simple economics and you will see that in the world of supply and As the population increases the demand for food demand there is an important ingredient supply is becoming an everlasting challenge, the demand which will never change. Although in some coun- for land to grow food and rear cattle etc is argutries in the Middle East they are re-claiming sea to ably a major issue facing us. The price of agricultural land is reflected in this demand for food. I develop upon. believe that over time the demand for land for Land is a worldwide issue with the world becom- such uses will rise, and therefore the choices we ing every more populated the challenges on land face as to how we use land become more important, hence the laws of planning. are increasing.

rising? The answer again is simple economics.

I feel the following considerations are a key factor Resources. in demand for land: The need for fossil fuels is another key focus for land use throughout the world, we are much Population Trends. more reliant on land or the substructure of land It has been argued by many academics and pro- to provide oil, coal, gold, silver, iron ore, chemicals fessionals in the field of world population trends and many other natural products we use in evethat we are living longer, the population of the ryday life. Therefore the need to understand the world is steadily increasing therefore the need for economics of land become more important and land to house people is almost certainly going to more importantly so as we go through the 21st become a key issue. If you look at some of the century and beyond. worlds major Cities the price of land over time in real terms has not reduced, and the challenges Services. for emerging economies is going to become ever The need to build infrastructure for our needs more challenging. is also land intensive, roads, railways, hospitals, schools, all our basic facilities we take for granted Economics. are built on land. If one looks around our surIt does not need an economist to tell us that sup- roundings and reflects for a few moments our ply is finite, although some of you may argue that need for land is intense and rising. I was recently some countries are reclaiming land from water. asked by someone why is the price of burial plots

Therefore before you embark on any land project it is important you are aware of a few fundamental principles of development. I would always advise that you take good professional advice, there is no substitute for this, just as the economics of supply and demand are important, these are backed up by legislation and planning policy so there is not a free for all and land is used in the best possible way not only for today but for future generations. Clearly this has an impact on value, therefore land value is not uniform.

Controls on land usage through politics and the planning process therefore become terribly important.

As an example land for agricultural use is going to be worth less than land in the city centre for development use, every use has a value. In conclusion one can only summarise that land is an important and valuable commodity, and I for one believe demand over time is going to be a major challenge on supply, this is arguably going to see a rise in prices, this may be hard to imagine

Own Your Own 1Kg Gold Bar

Internet Weapon Sales To Blame For Rise In Knife Crime

1.4 Million Refugees Are Heading To Europe Over The Next Two Years

Gold bars worth almost £25,000 at current prices are to go on sale at Royal Mint to mark the first anniversary of its bullion trading website. The Government company said the Kilo Gold Cast Bar offered a “high-value purchase opportunity for serious investors and those who wish to own and trade larger amounts of gold”. The website, royalmintbullion.com, was aimed at giving people of every budget the chance to own their own piece of gold, with prices starting from around £20. But the Royal Mint said the kilo bar, which will bear the logo of the Royal Mint Refinery, added “depth to its range”. Customers could either have their purchase delivered direct to their home through an insured postal service or opt to store their gold in its vault, the Mint said, adding that it was “protected at all times by the Ministry of Defence”. The bar measures 53 millimetres by 118 millimetres and is 8 millimetres thick. Gold is used by investors as a safe haven during troubled times in financial markets.

A police chief tasked with tackling gangs has blamed a rise in knife crime on the increased sales of weapons over the internet. Scotland Yard’s head of combatting gang crime, said lethal blades are easily available to buy on various websites and at independent shops. It comes after the latest figures reveal knife crime is up 13% in the UK in the last year - and at least 18% in London. In September 2015, a young person was chased and stabbed to death in south London, and two teenagers were convicted of killing other youngsters in knife attacks earlier this year - including the death of Alan Cartwright, who was stabbed to death as he rode his bicycle in north London . Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir Bernard HoganHowe ordered a reduction of stop and search in 2011 after the force was criticised for using the powers too often, causing anger among certain communities who claimed innocent people were being targeted unfairly.

At least 1.4 million refugees are expected to flee to Europe across the Mediterranean over this year and next, according to the U.N. refugee agency. The figure, contained in an UNHCR document appealing for funding, is a sharp rise from initial estimates of 850,000. Its original estimates were surpassed within days of the document first being circulated last month. The revised appeal now totals $128 million, also a sharp increase from the initial appeal for $30.5 million. UNHCR asked donors to allow their funds to be allocated flexibly because of the “very volatile operational context”. The UNCHR says it is possible that there could be even greater numbers of arrivals in 2016, however, planning is based for the moment on similar figures to 2015 Germany took in more than 200,000 migrants in September, a new record. “In September alone, we registered more refugees than for the whole of last year,” a Bavarian MP told parliament. It is possible up to 280,000 may have entered German territory last month. Germanys Interior minister Thomas de Maiziere told parliament that there was a limit to how many migrants Europe could accept but Germany was “trying damned hard” to help them.

‘Babies Lives At Risk’ As IVF Treatment Drives Up Number Of Multiple Births Fertility treatment is leading to a rise in the numbers of twins and triplets, especially among women over 45, new figures show. There were 10,839 women who gave birth to twins in 2014, while a further 148 gave birth to triplets and two to quads, the data for England and Wales shows. The rate of multiple births increased to 16 per 1,000 women giving birth, compared with 15.6 in


2013. But women aged 45 and over had by far the highest rate which increased by 11% on the previous year. On average, one in six of IVF pregnancies are a multiple pregnancy, compared to one in 80 for women who conceive naturally. The report, from the Office for National Statistics, said: “Although most multiple births occur naturally, many occur as a result of

fertility treatment. With approximately 18,000 IVF babies born in the UK in 2013, this contributes significantly to the multiple birth rate."

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Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket League As you read this you must be thinking it's only November and why are Allama Iqbal Sunday Cricket League already asking for entry forms. Well let me tell you season 2016 will be huge in terms of quality. We've had unbelievable teams approach us to enter, they want to get in early. We are also in partnership with ECB main man Gareth Davies, who has assured the Executive Committee that he will do his up most to get better quality pitches for our clubs, hence the need to plan a lot earlier. We want the number of teams and league format signed off before the month of December. This will then give him time to start work on pitches. Deadline for entry is 22nd November 2015. Forms along with entry fee of £30, which is non-refundable to be passed to any Executive official. On a side note we are pleased to announce we have retained Alison Law Solicitor's as our main sponsors for season 2016. I must say I am excited with their plans for the forthcoming season. On behalf of the league we wish express our gratitude to Fahim Ali and his team for the support they gave us last season. There is a lot in stock for you guys next season, we hope to set up an indoor league, coaching courses and umpires course. We will update you in due course. Remember deadline 22nd November, no late entries will be accepted. Applications form available from Shah Sahib.

How Does Improving Literacy Help Eliminate Extreme Poverty? Education is important at the individual level, but it is clear that it also affects the well-being of nations. Literacy is a cornerstone of education, and it’s important to realize how much it impacts both relative and absolute poverty. True poverty is often a self-replicating cycle because poor children have less access to education and are not as well prepared to take advantage of the education they do receive. Global literacy can eradicate extreme poverty! A number of factors are at play here, but issues such as reduced linguistic skills and lack of access to equipment play a big role in reducing access to learning. Literacy programs that focus on the needs of the poorest members of society can help to break this cycle by preparing children for education and allowing them to reach their full potential. Better literacy skills also allow children to access materials and support which aim to heighten their awareness of their rights and responsibilities, and enhancing their abilities and self-confidence.

The results of this in developing countries include reductions in the number of child marriages and improved maternal survival rates. Around the world, some programs focus on adult literacy as a tool for reducing extreme poverty, but research suggests that the best long term way to achieve this is to ensure universal primary education. This is the level of education most accessible to poor children and the key point for achievements that help them break the cycle of poverty. Reducing the social exclusion caused by illiteracy is one of the major factors in decreasing extreme poverty, as it allows individuals and communities to share skills and seek and give help more easily. This contributes directly to both individual and community development, helping economies and improving people’s personal circumstances. Literacy is a basic need for both individuals and their communities. Without it, opportunities for development and growth are limited, and further education is not possible.

Afraz Khan League Secretary

Thousands Of Lives Lost Because Bystanders Don’t Step In To Perform CPR Fewer than half of people would perform CPR on someone suffering a cardiac arrest, new figures show. Bystanders perform the resuscitation procedure in only four out of 10 cases in Britain. That compares with rates of almost three quarters (73%) in Norway, where survival rates are up to three times as high. The public’s lack of knowledge and a fear of helping are to blame, according to researchers from the University of Warwick. When someone collapses after a cardiac arrest, every second counts. Knowing simple CPR skills is vital to ensure that every person has the best chance of survival. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a first aid technique that can be used if someone is not breathing properly or if their heart has stopped. Chest compressions and rescue breaths keep blood and oxygen circulating in the body. A person’s chance of survival is cut by around 10% for every minute without CPR. The British

Heart Foundation says if the rates matched those in Norway up to 5,000 lives could be saved every year. The reluctance to step into help is leaving seriously ill people facing a “dismal fate”, the charity says. To help teach people how to spot a cardiac arrest and perform CPR, the charity is launching a scheme to educate more than 35,000 children in schools.

Quality Of Life In Bradford Is The Worst In The UK

Malala’s Father Hopes To Return To Pakistan Child activist and Nobel Peace Prize winner Malala Yousufzai’s father, Ziauddin Yousufzai, has expressed his desire to return to Pakistan some day. Malala, who survived a Taliban attack in 2012, was treated at Birmingham’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital. The high-achiever’s father Ziauddin said that he was thankful to the British government for their assistance after the Taliban attack. However, he wished to return to Pakistan, where he intends to establish a school for the children in Swat who cannot afford an education. “I love the UK, it’s a great country and I am very grateful. I’ve even got used to the rain. But I didn’t choose it for myself. I am struggling, Ziauddin said.” The rights activist further added, “realities have turned into dreams and I am struggling to turn those dreams back to realities.” Though proud of his daughter’s achievements, Ziauddin said “the global recognition has cost the family the land we lived in. It would be better if I was in Pakistan and people there knew me as Malala’s dad.” In an upcoming documentary, He Named


Me Malala, main focus has been on the fatherdaughter relationship. Further, speaking at the Women in the World conference last month in London, the activist said men who do not believe in the same level of equality and freedom for women are guilty of ‘real cowardice’. “Why should we paralyse half of our population? Why this kind of manhood – that I believe in controlling my wife and my sisters and my daughters? “They are individuals, they have their own personality and their own life, and the true manhood is to believe in their freedom,” Ziauddin stated.

If you happen to be one of the 293,000 residents of northern England city Bradford, there’s some bad news heading your way. The city famed for its mill chimney skyline and miles upon miles of open green spaces has been named the worst place to live in the UK. The recession has left people in Bradford with the lowest quality of life of any major UK city, research claims. A survey by Uswitch revealed the somewhat insulting data, in a quality of life index. Low wages, falling value of houses and high unemployment means household purses are squeezed more tightly here than in any other big city, researchers say. They have placed Bradford last in a new Quality of Living Index which rates the country’s 12 largest cities. Bradford residents have some of the lowest gross disposable household incomes in the UK with the average hitting £13,654 a year. And, unfortunately for local residents, it would seem the rental market doesn’t reflect the wages with some of the highest rents hitting at £92.60 a week Shockingly, just two in three locals are employed Bradford South MP Gerry Sutcliffe said this showed how the

so-called ‘cost of living crisis’ was hitting local people hard, while Bradford West MP George Galloway said it was clear the city was “in the epicentre of the depression” and demanded a Government rescue plan. If you’re looking for a change and want to hit up some of the BEST places to live in the UK according to uSwtich - you need to head north. Up and over the boarder to Scotland you’ll find the best places to live and some of the most beautiful. Edinburgh has long been a vibrant city with striking architecture and a world famous festival, all surrounded by stunning scenery. Now it’s official - Edinburgh is the best place to live in the UK, with midlands-placed Solihull in second position.

Page 10


Shaheryar A. Chishty

Brightly coloured leaves falling from the trees They parachute down with a touch from the breeze The grey hazy mist swims through the branches Clinging to the trees it’s the beauty that it enhances Musical brooks playing their peaceful tune Especially at night when it sings to the moon Laying still were the silent boulders Holding people on their shoulders Steep coloured valleys are covered in ferns Green yellow red they’re all taking there turns What a beautiful sight to see Autumn is the season that will fill you with glee

Gaming ‘More Harmful To Gcse Grades’ Than Spending Time On Social Media Time wasted playing video games is more harmful to a child’s education than time spent on social media. Research has shown that excessive use of video games is likely to have a detrimental effect on GCSE results. A study of 14-16 year olds showed that only 41% of children who played computer games twice a day achieved five good GCSE grades, compared to 77% of those who played rarely. Meanwhile, 81% of young people say they spend several hours a day on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter but the study found no negative impact their exam performances. It’s clear that social media doesn’t have any impact and I think that’s because social media is part and parcel of every child’s life. Researchers found that many of the children chose to play video games late into the night, which affected their concentration and focus at school. The ability to make games a lot bigger, a lot more detailed, a lot more intricate is here now and so it’s going to hold their attention longer - a lot longer. Players are left wanting to progress through the storyline. 'Oh, here’s a cliffhanger’, 'oh, I have to wait and see what happens next’, whereas the old games challenge your hand/eye coordination and the speed of your reactions, rather than your imagination.

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Being Tall Increases Cancer Risk By Up To A Third Says Study

High Price Of Parenting

Being tall significantly increases the risk of cancer, the biggest study looking into the link has shown. For every extra 10cm in height, the overall risk of developing cancer increased by 11% for men and 18% for women, the research showed. Taller women had a 20% greater risk of breast cancer than short women, while the chances of having melanoma skin cancer increased by about 30% per 10cm of height in both sexes. It is thought the growth hormones related to height also are in some way stimulating cancer cells Previous studies have also pointed to a link between height and cancer, but the new study is the largest yet carried out. Researchers analysed data on 5.5 million Swedish men and women with heights ranging between just 1m (3.3 ft) and lofty 225cm (7.4ft). However, the researchers said it was not clear whether taller people died more often from cancer or tended to die younger in general. However, as the cause of cancer is multifactorial, it is difficult to predict what impact these results have on cancer risk at the individual level.

If you want to have children, better check with the bank manager first – the average cost of raising a child to the age of 11 has jumped almost £3,500 in the past 12 months. It means parents spend about £87,000 – more than £650 a month – bringing up each child. Perhaps unsurprisingly, parents in London face far higher bills at £122,500, while Wales and West England enjoy the lowest costs at £76,600, according to research by Halifax. For many parents, the first 12 months of parenthood can be frantic and as research shows, often the most expensive. Having children is a huge commitment, both financially and emotionally Childcare is by far the biggest outlay, costing parents £3,840 a year on average. Worryingly, this is eating ever more into households budgets, with prices rising by 3%, or more than £100, compared with a year ago. Other major expenditures include food (£960), holidays (£748) and schooling (£511). As a result of rising costs, half (51%) of all parents questioned by Halifax have had to cut back on going out to socialise with friends, while 46% have reduced the number of times they eat out. A further two in five (40%) said they have had to spend less on holidays.

Data Roaming Charges Will Be Abolished Extra costs of using a mobile phone in countries across the EU are to be scrapped, MEPs have agreed, after years of negotiations. The ban on data roaming charges from 15 June 2017 has received a final green light in the European Parliament. Roaming charges are added by mobile operators for calls, texts and internet browsing when phone users are abroad. An interim cap on charges will take effect from 30 April next year, prior to the full ban across the EU. That means telecoms operators will be able to add a surcharge of no more than:

€0.05 (3.5p) extra per minute for calls €0.02 extra per SMS sent €0.05 extra per megabyte of data used The cap would make roaming within the EU 75% cheaper during the interim period, the European Commission has said. The aim of the ban, in part, is to prevent consumers being caught out by huge bills when downloading films or other data during their European holidays. There have been a number of cases when mobile users have been landed with bills for hundreds of euros or pounds. Critics of the ban suggest the loss of revenue for mobile phone companies could push up prices in general, including prices for non-travellers.

China Has Decided To End Its Decades-Long One-Child Policy Couples will now be allowed to have two children, the Communist party of China has declared. The controversial policy was introduced nationally in 1979, to slow the population growth rate. It is estimated to have prevented about 400 million births. However concerns at China's ageing population led to pressure for change. Couples who violated the one-child policy faced a variety of punishments, from fines and the loss of employment to forced abortions. Over time, the policy has been relaxed in some provinces, as demographers and sociologists raised concerns about rising social costs and falling worker numbers. The decision to allow families to have two children was designed "to improve the balanced development of population'' and to deal with an aging population, according to the statement from the Community Party's Central Committee. Currently about 30% of China's population is over the age of 50. The total population of the country is around 1.36 billion. The Communist Party began formally relaxing national rules two years ago, allowing couples in which at least one of the pair is an only child to have a second child. Introduced in 1979, the policy meant that many Chinese citizens - around a third, China claimed in 2007 - could not have a second child without incurring a fine In rural areas, families were allowed to have two children if the first was a girl Other exceptions included ethnic minorities and - since 2013 couples where at least one was a single child Campaigners say the policy led to forced abortions, female infanticide, and the under-reporting of female births It was also implicated as a cause of China's gender imbalance Correspondents say that despite the relaxation of the rules, many couples may opt to only have one child, as one-child families have become the social norm. Critics say that even a two-child policy will not boost the birth rate enough. And for those women who want more than two children, nor will it end the state's insistence on the right to control their fertility. “As long as the quotas and system of surveillance remains, women still do not enjoy reproductive rights," Human Rights Watch commented.

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Page 11

Energy Drinks Leads To Brain Injuries In Teens

Mr Shumile J. Chishty

Teenagers who drink energy drinks a lot are more likely to get head injuries than those who do not consume the highly caffeinated beverages, a new study from Canada suggests. Researchers have analysed information from a survey of more than 10,000 secondary school students, from ages to 11 to 20 in Ontario in 2013. Students were asked about their energy drink consumption, as well as whether they had experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI), meaning they had sustained a blow to the head that left them unconscious for at least 5 mins, or resulted in an overnight hospital stay. About 22% of students said they had experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and 6% said they had a TBI in last year. Most of these injuries occurred while the teens were laying sports as it consumed a lot of caffeine at the time. There was a link between energy drink consumption and having experienced a TBI. In the researches analysis, they compared teens’’ odds of having a TBI in the past year with their odd of not having one .They found that for teens who had consumed energy drinks in the past week, the increase in odds of having a TBI was five times greater than it was for teens who didn't consume energy drinks at

all. In simpler words, teens who consumed the drinks were far more likely to have a TBI than those who did not. The findings are concerning, because energy drinks might interfere with the body's ability to heal from a TBI, the researchers said, "Energy drinks, such a Red Bull and Rockstar, contain high levels of caffeine and change the chemical state of the body, which can prevent people from getting back on track after a TBI." Study co-author Dr. Michael Cusimano, a neurosurgeon at St. Michael's Hospital in Toronto, said, "Brain injuries among adolescents are particularly concerning because their brains are still developing." The new findings may not be surprising, given that previous studies have found that young athletes often consume energy drinks, and athletes are also at risk of TBI, the researchers said. But the new study also found a link between energy drink consumption and TBIs that teens got in other ways, such as falling down or getting in a fight. Future studies are needed to better understand the reason for the link between energy drink consumption and TBI, and to examine exactly why teens are drinking these beverages, the researchers said.

Apple Named World’s Most Valuable Brand At $170bn Apple has been named the world’s most valuable brand after the release of its smartwatch and iPhone 6S helped push up sales. Google is second while Coca Cola came third, according to the list of the top 100 brands put together by Interbrand. Apple is worth an estimated at $170.276 billion, the equivalent of £112.177 billion, according to the report. Digital companies dominate the list with 13 technology brands in the top 100 - including Facebook - which has seen its value jump by more than half (54%) in the past year - Microsoft and Samsung. Burberry is leading the charge for British brands, coming 73rd in the list. Cara Delevingne, Kate Moss and Romeo Beckham have all fronted campaigns for the luxury clothes brand, which is valued at $5.873 billion (£3.869 billion). The humble Mini, still made in Oxford but owned by German company BMW, is a new entry at number 98, while British car manufacturer Land Rover is at number 87 on the list. The ranking is based the firm’s financial performance, its influence over customers, and the strength of the brand to command a higher price or secure earnings for the company.

Earthquake Facts That Will Shake You To The Core A 7.5-magnitude earthquake jolted Pakistan, Afghanistan and India on 26th October, killing over 200 people. The epicentre was in Jurm, Badakhshan, Afghanistan at a depth of 212km below the earth with up to 15 aftershocks. In the last 7 days (as of 1st November), Pakistan has been rocked by 16 earthquakes of Magnitude 1.5 or greater. As of the past month, 26 earthquakes have been measured and in the past year, 155 earthquakes of M1.5 or greater have shuck the country. As rescuers now pick their way through rugged terrain and pockets of Taliban insurgency in the search for survivors, and as aid agencies race to provide relief, we look at some facts that will remind you how little we really know about this deadly natural phenomenon: 1. The largest earthquake ever recorded was a magnitude 9.5 in Chile on May 22, 1960. It lasted approximately 10 minutes. When the earthquake occurred, seismographs recorded seismic waves that travelled around the world. These seismic waves shook the entire earth for many days. 2. Southwestern California is moving northwest along the San Andreas Fault as the two sides of the fault slip past one another. Essentially, San Francisco is moving toward Los Angeles at the rate of about 2 inches per year — the same pace as the growth of your fingernails. In 15 million years, the two cities could meet. In 85 million years, Los Angeles could be next to Alaska. Snow in Los Angeles? Right. This northsouth movement also means that California won’t fall into the sea — a commonly-held belief in the

3. There are ice quakes in Antarctica that occur within the ice rather than the land below. A recent study revealed that the continent’s ice snapped and popped because of a major earthquake in Maule, Chile, halfway around the world. Quakes on one side of Earth can shake the other side. Seismologists studying the massive 2004 earthquake that triggered tsunamis throughout the Indian Ocean found that the quake had weakened at least a portion of California’s famed San Andreas Fault. However, it was the first evidence that distant earthquakes can trigger ice quakes in Antarctica. Powerful earthquakes can cause crevasses to open up and rupture ice sheets. 4. There are about 500,000 earthquakes a year around the world, as detected by sensitive instruments. About 100,000 of those can be felt, and 100 or so cause damage each year. Each year, the southern California area alone experiences about 10,000 earthquakes, most of them not felt by people. The 1906 San Francisco earthquake ruined almost 500 blocks of the city. 5. In 1556, an earthquake in the Shansi province of China killed some 830,000 people. It is still the deadliest earthquake ever to have been recorded. 6. Approximately 80% of all earthquakes take place in the ‘Pacific Ring of Fire’ — the most geologically active region of Earth. It circles the Pacific Ocean, touching the coasts North and South America, Japan, China and Russia. It’s where the majority of Earth’s major quakes occur as major plate boundaries collide and cause friction between tectonic plates.


8.8 magnitude earthquake February 27, 2010. The rip in Earth’s crust shifted the city of Concepción that much to the west. The quake is also thought to have changed the planet’s rotation slightly and shortened Earth’s day.


7. According to some scientists, the Earth has been more seismologically active in the past 15 years or so. Relative to the 20-year period from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s, the Earth has been more active over the past 15 or so years. But not all seismologists agree with this theory. 8. March is not earthquake month despite what some may claim or believe. Some massive earthquakes have occurred in the month of March, such as the 1957 and 1964 Alaska earthquakes –the latter being a 9.2-magnitude event which killed 125 people and caused $311 million in property damages. However, the next three biggest US earthquakes occurred in February, November, and December. A devastating earthquake in Chile in 2010 struck on February 27. And the huge 9.3 temblor that spawned the devastating Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 occurred on December 26. Interestingly, the last major earthquake in Pakistan before last months, also took place in the month of October. On October 8, 2005, a magnitude 7.6 earthquake shook Kashmir along with sections of Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. More than 80,000 people perished as a result of the quake, while an estimated 4 million others left homeless.

11. Earth’s bulge was trimmed a little by the undersea earthquake in the Indian Ocean which triggered a series of devastating tsunamis on December 26, 2004. The tsunamis struck the coasts of most landmasses bordering the Indian Ocean, bringing 100-foot waves and killing over 225,000 people in 11 countries. Earth’s midsection bulges in relation to the meas-

urement from pole-to-pole, and the catastrophic land displacement caused a small reduction in the bulge, making the planet more round. 12. Alaska is the most earthquake-prone state and one of the most seismically active regions in the world. The region experiences magnitude 7.0 earthquakes almost every year and a magnitude 8.0 or greater earthquake approximately once every 14 years.

9. The sun and moon cause tremors. While it was previously known that the sun and moon create tides in the planet’s crust, minor versions of ocean tides, researchers now say the tug of the sun and moon on the San Andreas Fault stimulates tremors deep underground. 10. A city in Chile moved 10 feet in the massive

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Unbranded Painkillers Do Same Job Consumers in Britain are paying up to four times more for big-name painkillers compared with unbranded tablets, as figures show consumers in the UK are spending more on painkillers than ever before. For example, packets of 16 tablets of ibuprofen, some claiming to target period pain or migraines, can cost up to £3.99. The comparable generic version costs just £1.35. Some store-brand paracetamol tablets are less than 1p per pill, whereas well-known name-brands can cost 20p each. The painkillers industry was worth nearly £357m last year - an increase of 3.4% in just a year, figures show.

Experts say some people believe that by taking a more expensive preparation, perhaps a branded formulation, they'll get better pain relief. If it's the same dose of drug, in the same formulation, the customer will experience no difference. Packets of painkillers are each printed with a Product Licence Code, which identifies the ingredients and proves the medicine has been permitted for sale. Boxes with the same Product Licence Codes contain identical ingredients, yet some are marketed and sold for specific problems like tension headache, for women with period pain or especially for joint pain. They may differ in some respects, however, such as in taste or appearance. There could be a benefit of the pricier, branded medications - the "placebo" effect where consumers respond positively because they have more confidence in the product. So wherever there is a generic version, there’s never a need to pay more!

SPECTRE Smashes UK Box Office Records After Its Opening Weekend ‘SPECTRE’ has smashed British box office records following its opening weekend. It’s now holds the honour of the biggest ever opening week for a British movie, with an eye-watering haul of £40 million. It dwarfs the previous record holder ‘Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban’, which made £23.8 million in its opening week. Worldwide, it’s already made £52 million, and it’s not even opened in the US yet, making it extremely likely that it will top the box office numbers made by its predecessor 'Skyfall’. 'Skyfall’ became the biggest British movie of all time on its release in 2013, and the first in the


Bond series to cross the $1 billion landmark, making £718 million in all. However, the movie has not been cheap to make. It’s said to have had a budget of $300 million (£194 million), making it the joint second most expensive film ever made, tied with 'Pirates of the Caribbean: At World’s End’ - at number one is 'POTC: On Stranger Tides’. The huge budget takes in multiple filming locations in London, Mexico, Italy and Austria. The production set records for the amount of cars it smashed up. In Rome, production wrecked millions of pounds’ worth. Vehicles were filmed going into the Vatican at top speeds of 110mph.

Khan And Khan Part Ways Pakistani cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan and his wife, Reham Khan, have filed for divorce, ending a whirlwind romance that captivated international tabloids and Pakistani voters. Divorce has been finalised with the consent of both parties. Imran Khan, who captained the Pakistan team when it won the Cricket World Cup in 1992, tied the knot with the former BBC journalist in a lowkey ceremony in January. "We have decided to part ways and file for divorce," Reham Khan said on Twitter. Imran later took to Twitter to express his "greatest respect for Reham's moral character and her passion to work for and help the underprivileged". "This is a painful time for me and Reham and our families. I would request everyone to respect our privacy," he said. The little known journalist endured criticism on social media from conservative Muslim Pakistanis after her marriage to Khan became public and pictures and videos surfaced of her on-screen in

Western outfits. Imran Khan, who developed a playboy reputation in his younger days, built a political power base in Pakistan's deeply conservative north. His party became the country's third largest in a 2013 election after he advocated talks with Pakistani Taliban insurgents and criticised the United States for drone strikes in militant areas. Rumours of the end of the marriage first circulated in August when Reham was campaigning to support a candidate from her husband's party in a byelection. The candidate lost the vote and later Imran announced that his wife would not have a political career with his party. Khan's previous marriage to British socialite Jemima Khan, the daughter of the financier James Goldsmith, ended in 2004. Khan's political rivals used the marriage to attack Khan by emphasising her Jewish roots.

The Story Of Geeta The scriptwriters were unaware of Geeta's story but the movie led to a surge in interest. She was greeted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who also paid tribute to the Edhi Foundation. "What the Edhi family has done is too priceless to be measured but I am happy to announce a contribution of one crore rupees to their foundation," Modi said in a tweet, referring to a figure of 10 million rupees, or just under $154,000. But the charity, which has a reputation for integrity and independence amid the murky world of Pakistani politics, declined the cash. The Edhi Foundation charity however, has declined the $150,000 donation from the Indian prime minister in recompense for 13 years of caring for Geeta. "Geeta stayed with us for 13 years. Now it's time for her to go home," said Faisal Edhi, son of the founder of Edhi Foundation, a Pakistani charity that looked after the girl. "We have declined with thanks to accept the doGeeta was about 11 when she crossed from India nation by Indian Prime Minister Modi as taking into Pakistan. Exactly how is not clear but Geeta donations from heads of states is not the policy," mimes an explosion and shows how she ducked Edhi official Anwar Kazmi said. and ran before being caught by armed men. At first, she was kept at a children's home in Lahore, where she was given the Muslim name Fatima. She would point at maps of India, especially to an area in the south of Jharkhand until she was able to finally communicate she was from India, not Pakistan. She headed to meet a family from Bihar whom she says she recognised from photos sent by the Indian High Commission in Pakistan. Indian Foreign Minister said if a DNA test proves the family is not hers she will be sent to a temporary home run by a charity and the search for her parents would continue. Hostilities have kept apart many families since majority-Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan became separate countries in 1947. Her story attracted much attention following the release this year of a film called "Bajrangi Bhaijaan", in which an Indian man finds a mute Pakistani girl and tries to reunite her with her family. A deaf-mute Indian girl stranded in Pakistan for 13 years after wandering over one of the world's most militarised borders returned home last month but failed to recognise the family she has identified from photographs. The story of Geeta, a Hindu woman in her early 20s, has captivated people in both countries at a time of heightened tension and border clashes between the nuclear-armed rivals.

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Pakistan On Way To Be World’s 5th Largest Nuclear Power By 2025

An American report worries that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is overlooking to see that Pakistan will become the world’s 5th nuclear power Based on Pakistan’s performance over the past 20 years and its current and anticipated weapons deployment, the authors of a US report estimate that its stockpile could realistically grow to 220 to 250 warheads by 2025. Pakistan is on course to become the world’s fifth largest nuclear weapons state, according to a report by a top US think-tank, which estimated the country’s stockpile to increase to 250 warheads in a decade. Pakistan has a nuclear weapons stockpile of 110 to 130 warheads, an increase from an estimated 90 to 110 warheads in 2011. With several delivery systems in development, four operating plutonium production reactors, and uranium facilities, the country’s stockpile will likely increase over the next 10 years. The report however, said two key factors will be how many nuclear-capable launchers Pakistan plans to deploy, and how much India’s nuclear arsenal grows.

Pakistan Military Ranked 11th Strongest In World Pakistan military has been ranked as the 11th strongest military in the world, as per a Credit Suisse report on globalisation. Ranked seven spots after India’s military, the report gives Pakistan a final military strength score of 0.41. Further, the report reveals that Pakistan’s active personnel number stands at 710,000 and has it more weaponry than Germany, Australia, and Canada. The report ranks the strength of 20 countries according to weaponry, including tanks, aircraft, helicopters and submarines, each country represents. The US is listed as number one followed by Russia, China, Japan and India in the top five. The report said, “Our analysis reveals the military superiority of the United States in conventional war capabilities compared to its close rivals. Its fleet of 13,900 aircraft, 920 attack helicopters, 20 aircraft carriers and 72 submarines far outweighs the military might of any of its close rivals and so does its defense spending worth $610 billion in 2014, which is far more than the combined military expenditures of the next nine countries in our index.” “In reality, in today’s nuclear era, conventional forces are not the only indicator of military strength. Russia and the United States account for more than 90% of global inventories of nuclear weapons according to data.

Based on Pakistan’s performance over the past 20 years and its current and anticipated weapons deployment, the authors estimate that its stockpile could realistically grow to 220 to 250 warheads by 2025, making it the world’s fifth largest nuclear weapon state, the report said. Pakistan appears to have six types of currently operational nuclear-capable ballistic missiles, plus at least two more under-development the short-range Shaheen-1A and medium-range Shaheen-3. Pakistan is also developing two new cruise missiles, the ground-launched Babur (Hatf-7) and the air-launched Ra’ad (Hatf-8), it said. According to the report, there are signs that Pakistan is developing a nuclear weapon probably a nuclear-capable cruise missile for deployment on submarines. In 2012, Pakistani Navy established Headquarters Naval Strategic Forces Command (NSFC) for the development and deployment of a seabased strategic nuclear force. The government said that this command would be the “custodian of the nation’s second-strike capability” to “strengthen Pakistan’s policy of Credible Minimum Deterrence and ensure regional stability”.

Pakistan passport ranked 4th from last in survey of 109 countries Pakistan has been ranked as 106th country in travel freedom – in a list of 109 countries – thus making it one of the worst passports in the world. The annual Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index, ranks countries according to the number of other countries that their citizens can travel to, without having to obtain a visa. In 2014, Pakistan was ranked at 92, sharing the spot with Somalia. The last spot in the list at 109th rank is occupied by Afghanistan. The index is produced in cooperation with the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which maintains the world’s largest database of travel information, and is published annually. est score with visa-free access to 173 countries, Germany and the UK, who have the joint high- rank in first place.

Peshawar School Massacre Survivor Campaigns Against Radicalisation A teenager who only survived a Taliban shooting in Pakistan by playing dead has visited Bradford to spread the importance of education in combatting terrorism.

Pakistan On Its Way To Becoming ‘Mini Superpower’ By 2025 “With the help of the government’s ambitious technology plans, the country is on its way to becoming a mini superpower by 2025”, said Minister for Planning, Development and Reforms Ahsan Iqbal, as he expressed confidence in the country’s future. Iqbal said that the country’s work in initiating cluster-based technology in agriculture and mining was paving way for more development; he stated while chairing a meeting on “Technology as Industry”. He added that the government was committed to put the country on the path of technology because it was one of the strong drivers of growth. “Growth cannot be achieved through crawling in exports and by relying on commodities.” He said the government needed to enhance exports in order to achieve growth, which would be possible only with the advancement in technology and value addition. Economic advancement would only be possible with technological advancement. “Pakistan possesses significant technological infrastructure


that provides a platform for development.” About the economic dividends the country offers to international companies, the minister said, leading IT companies had reported that offshore operational cost and productivity of information technology operations in Lahore were better than Bangalore. Meanwhile, Iqbal called upon the youth in the country to contribute to national development along with their personal and professional pursuits. “The government recognises the potential of youth for national development and it has engaged them in the development process through various initiatives.” Ministry of Planning, Development and Reforms initiated the Youth Development Fellows (YDF) initiative to ensure the younger generation is a part of the development process. The minister pointed out that Pakistan had a growing youth population and it depended on the government whether it chose to benefit from this great demographic dividend or not.

Ahmad Nawaz, 15, sustained serious injuries when he was shot in the arm by the Taliban at his school in Peshawar on December 16 last year. A total of 141 people were killed, including 132 schoolchildren. He met the Lord Mayor of Bradford, Councillor Joanne Dodds, at City Hall as part of a campaign against radicalisation. Ahmad said: "Terrorism is because of illiteracy but education teaches good things. "Things like this would not happen if people were educated. I wish to be a campaigner for education. "I will work on the importance of education in the future. "The first anniversary of the shooting will be a very special day for all of us. We will never forget that day. "Everyone will be praying for the ones that we lost. "We should remember their

sacrifice for education. "I am already a victim of the incident but I want to show them that I have not been affected by what happened to me. "I'm feeling a lot better than before. The doctors say that it will take time before I get feeling back in my hand. "I want to be a doctor myself in the future." Ahmad had more than 14 hours of surgery at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham to repair bone and nerve damage to save the use of his arm. A metal plate was placed in his arm and an artery was transplanted from his leg. He now lives in Birmingham and is still receiving treatment as he is still unable to use his left hand. His father, Muhammed Nawaz Khan, revealed Ahmad still suffers from flashbacks, particularly at night. He said Ahmad wakes up at night thinking the Taliban are going to attack him. Mr Khan said: "I'm so proud of my son. "He is campaigning about the importance of education and I am campaigning against terrorism. "We need to find a way to control these extremists. "We have had a good reception in Bradford and we are honoured that we have met the Lord Mayor." Pakistani authorities agreed to pay for Ahmad's medical treatment in Birmingham after a campaign in Pakistan. Schools in Bradford are set to mark the first anniversary of the Peshawar shooting next month with a special assembly.

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LEGAL UPDATES - Conveyancing Q & As Mohammed Nazir

Partner , Head of Property & Immigration Wosskow Brown Solicitors LLP Email: nazir@wosskowbrown.co.uk 1. What do I need to do if I want an extension to deeds or because the person wished to claim my house? What documents will I receive from ownership of land that was never actually given to him. the council on completion? Adverse possession is possession by someone You can extend without an application for plan- other than the land owner (i.e. a squatter). In orning permission as long as you don't cover more der to obtain possessory title it will be necessary than half the area of land around the original to demonstrate that you have occupied the land with an intention to possess without payment or house. If you do require planning permission, you will consent. In the case of unregistered land the apneed to make the application to your Local Plan- plication can be made after 12 years’ occupation. ning Authority. If approved, you may then begin In the case of registered land it can be made after 10 years your extension. You will receive a completion certificate from your Local Planning Authority once the extension 3. What are the changes in the conveyancing procedures? is complete.

from the landlord, then the insurance policy will 4. What is an overriding interest form? Why do cover you. I need to sign it? Disclaimer: This is information only and do not You must complete an overriding interest form act on this information as legal advice and always when selling your home to confirm whether seek advice from your solicitor according to the there are any interests in the property which are circumstances of your case. not registered but will bind the new owner. An example of this is where tenants in your property have leases of less than 7 years. You must sign the document to make the buyer aware of any unregistered interests in the property.

2. What is possessory title? How do I claim it and Recently, the Property Information Form and Fixtures and Fittings Form have been amended to inhow does it work? clude further information. The information which Possessory title will be granted where there is no sellers now need to provide include the energy evidence that a person owns the land. The lack of performance of the property and the availability evidence may be as a result of lost or destroyed of solar panels on the property.

If you are buying a leasehold property and the whereabouts of the landlord are not known then this is called an “absent landlord”. In this situation, your solicitor will need to buy an “absent landlord indemnity insurance”. This means that if there are any losses incurred due to demands

Shaker Aamer Seeks US Apology The UK's last Guantanamo Bay detainee Shaker Aamer wants an apology from the US government, his lawyer has said. He said he would sue the US for compensation but did not expect to win. The father-of-four, who returned to the UK on 30th October, is receiving medical care. On landing in the UK, Mr Aamer said he felt “obliged” to everyone who fought for him to be released, and to “bring an end to Guantanamo”. “My thanks go to Allah first, second to my wife, my family, to my kids and then to my lawyers who did everything they could to carry the word to the world,” he said. “I am overwhelmed by what people have done by their actions, their thoughts and their prayers, and without their devotion to justice I would not be here in Britain now.” Concern was raised over the health of the Saudi national, 48, whose family live in London, and he was subsequently taken to a clinic to recover. Number 10 said Prime Minister David Cameron “welcomes” the release of Mr Aamer, who has permission to live in the UK indefinitely because his wife is British. It also said any necessary security measures “will be put in place”. A family reunion has taken place, with Mr Aamer meeting his youngest son for the first time. His son was born on the day he arrived at the US military facility in Cuba 14 years ago. Mr Aamer, 48, who is suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, was held in Guantanamo over allegations he had led a Taliban unit and had met al-Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden, but was never charged. Shaker Ahmeds lawyer said “he wants is a simple apology where they say 'we're really sorry we did this - we'll make sure we set rules in place in future so we don't do it to other people.'" Mr Aamer also wanted the UK government to hold an "open and transparent" inquiry into allegations that the UK was complicit in torture. He had spoken to the police for three days while in Guantanamo and was very clear he did not want to put people in prison. Instead, he wanted people to learn about it so it never happened again. Mr Aamer is believed to be in line to receive compensation from the UK government after deals were made with previous detainees. Prime Minister David Cameron has already asked the government's Intelligence and Security Committee to investigate claims of UK complicity in rendition and torture at Guantanamo Bay.


5. My solicitor has advised that there is a absent landlord. What does this mean?

Eating Healthily When Young Protects Against Heart Disease Later A 20-year-long study has confirmed that eating healthily when young protects against heart disease decades later. Young adults who ate the most fruit and vegetables were 26% less likely to have hard deposits building up on their artery walls after 20 years than those consuming the least, scientists found. Calcified plaques that narrow arteries restrict blood supply and can lead to heart attacks and strokes. The news came a day after the World Health Organisation concluded eating processed meats was as risky as smoking in developing types of cancer. The study suggests that what you eat as a young adult may be as important as what you eat as an older adult. Participants were split into different groups according to the amount of fruit and vegetables they ate. Women in the top consumption group ate nearly nine servings of fruit and vegetables per day while men in the top group ate more than seven. In the bottom group, women consumed an average of 3.3 servings and men 2.6. All servings were based on a 2000 calorie-per-day diet. Basically the study says people shouldn’t assume that they can wait until they’re older to eat healthy.” Further research is needed to determine what other foods impact cardiovascular health in young adults.

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The Poetry Of Allama Iqbal THE INTELLECT AND THE HEART One day Intellect said to the heart "A guide to the misguided ones I am Being on the earth I reach up to the sky Look, how deep in comprehension I am Guidance on earth is my sole occupation Like the auspicious Khizr in character I am Interpreter of the book of life I am The Manifestation of God's Glory I am You are only a drop of blood, but The invaluable ruby's envy I am" Hearing this the heart said, "All this is true But look at me as well, what I am You understand the secrets of life But seeing them with my own eyes I am Concerned with the manifest order you are And acquainted with the inward I am Learning is from you, but Divine Knowledge is from me You only seek Divinity, but showing Divinity I am Restlessness is the end of Knowledge But the remedy for that malady I am You are the candle of the assembly of Truth The lamp of the Divine Beauty's assemblage I am You are related to time and space The bird recognizing the Sidrah I am Look at the grandeur of my station The throne of the God of Majesty I am


Sir Muhammad Iqbal was a legendary poet and philosopher whose poems, prose and thoughts infused new blood into Eastern literature. Sir Muhammad Iqbal, famously known as Allama Iqbal (‘The Great Scholar’), was a legendary icon of South Asia. A poet, philosopher, barrister and a scholar, Iqbal is considered as one of the most pivotal figures in literature especially for those works written in Urdu and Persian. He was born on November 9, 1877, to a Kashmiri Pandit lineage in the Punjab Province of India, which is now Pakistan. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Cambridge and his PhD from Ludwig Maximilian University in Germany. Iqbal’s thoughts were greatly influenced by the greatest Sufi poet, Jalaluddin Rumi’s poems and philosophy. His poems are deeply provocative and extremely spiritual. He focused on awaken-

ing of the human conscious as well as revitalising the inner self. Iqbal’s unique style of writing was enriched by experiences he acquired from Western Europe and the Middle

East. His philosophies even inspired the creation of a new state, Pakistan. Before his death in 1938, Iqbal famously recited: “The melodies bygone may come again; or never more. The Zephyr (Soft breeze) from Hijaz may come again; or never more. “The days of this Faqir (poor wander) are ended now; for evermore. And yet another seer may come or not; forevermore!” Allama Iqbal’s poems have been translated to many languages across the globe and his work triggered a renaissance in the literary world. A dynamic philosopher of his time, his poetry will continue to inspire many generations to come.

THE RECOGNITION OF QALANDER (QALANDER KI PEHCHAAN) A Darwesh bold proclaims with main and might My guidance take, tread path quite straight and right. Beyond your might and nerves my tumults lie, With caution great by Qalandar’s dwelling hie. The help of skiff and guide I do not need, If you are swollen brook come down with speed. Has not my Takbeer broke your charm? Revoke, If show of courage does not harm. A Darvesh holds the reins of time like steed, He brings sun, stars and moon to book with speed. Zarb e Kaleem

THE WITHERED ROSE O withered rose! How can I still call you a rose? How can I call you the longing of nightingale's heart? Once the zephyr's movement was your rocking cradle In the garden's expanse joyous rose was your name The morning breeze acknowledged your benevolence The garden was like perfumer's tray by your presence My weeping eye sheds dew on you My desolate heart is concealed in your sorrow You are a tiny picture of my destruction You are the interpretation of my life's dream Like a flute to my reed-brake I narrate my story Listen O rose! I complain about separations!

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Bollywood Star Shah Rukh Khan Receives Honorary Degree Your Burngreave Ward Councillors

Cllr Jackie Drayton 0114 2435388

Cllr Ibrar Hussain 0786 657 1750

Lord Mayor of Sheffield Cllr Talib Hussain 0114 2735588


Burngreave surgeries are shared between Councillors Jackie Drayton, Ibrar Hussain and Talib Hussain and are held at:• Burngreave Library, Spital Hill 2nd Saturday of the month from 11.00 a.m. -12.00 noon • Pakistan Advice Centre, 127 Page Hall Road 3rd Thursday of the month 2.00-3.00 p.m. There are no surgeries during August. A surgery is also held on 1st and 3rd Thursdays of the month (except August) from 10.00 to 11.00 a.m. at Firth Park Advice Centre, 9 Stubbin Lane. (These surgeries are shared on a rota basis with Cllrs, Peter Price, Peter Rippon, Sioned-Mair Richards and Jackie Drayton. Councillors Alan Law and Chris Weldon also share the surgery on the 1st Thursday).

Sajid Javid Tops List Of Most Influential British Asians The business secretary, Sajid Javid, has been judged the most influential Asian person in Britain, topping a list of 101 prominent people including Nobel Peace prize winner Malala Yousafzai, musician Zayn Malik and artist Sir Anish Kapoor. Javid, who retains the No 1 slot he won last year, is described as a “determined young man” who, after a successful career in banking, has enjoyed a “meteoric rise” since joining the political scene in 2010, according to the GG2 Power 101 list compiled by the Asian Media and Marketing Group (AMG). The pensions minister, Priti Patel, becomes the highest-ranking woman, taking the third–place slot, while Labour’s London mayoral hopeful Sadiq Khan is ranked sixth. The list was revealed at the GG2 Leadership awards dinner in London, attended by the justice secretary and lord chancellor, Michael Gove. Malala, who celebrates the launch of her documentary, He Named Me Malala, this month, is the youngest entry on the list, aged just 18. The Pakistani-born schoolgirl, who was shot by the Taliban for defending her right to education, is one of 23 women on the list, and is placed at No 10, having claimed the top slot two years ago. The second youngest is the 20-year-old catwalk model, Neelam Gill, at no 87, who is the first British Indian model to have been signed by a major fashion label, Burberry. The fifteen people on the list aged under 35 in-


clude former One Direction band member Zayn Malik; DJ Shahid Khan, known as Naughty Boy; the sitar player and composer Anoushka Shankar, who is the daughter of Ravi Shankar and half sister of US singer-songwriter Norah Jones; and Ameet Gill, David Cameron’s director of strategy. The Labour MP, Keith Vaz, chairman of the Home Affairs Select Committee, is placed 11th; Amol Rajan, editor of the Independent, was placed 13th; and Radio 4 Today programme presenter Mishal Husain was in 16th place.

One of the world’s most popular actors - Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan has received an honorary degree from the University of Edinburgh. Mr Khan received the degree of Doctor Honoris Causa from the University Chancellor HRH The Princess Royal in Edinburgh. The actor - who has appeared in more than 80 films – was presented with the degree in recognition of his outstanding record of philanthropy, altruism and humanitarianism and his global reach as an actor. Khan’s charitable work has included bringing solar power to rural villages in India, creating a children’s ward at a Mumbai hospital and supporting relief funds to assist areas devastated by tsunamis.

After receiving his honorary degree, Mr Khan – who has more than 15 million Twitter followers – gave a public lecture, which was attended by many of the University’s 400 South Asian students, along with South Asian community groups. The University has been linked with India for nearly 250 years. Edinburgh’s first Indian student graduated in 1876 and by the 1920s its Indian student population was greater than that of any other UK University. Receiving his honorary degree, Shah Rukh Khan, said: “It is a pleasure to be honoured by the University of Edinburgh and tread in the footsteps of so many of the world’s illustrious thinkers, leaders and personalities. To have the opportunity to address one of the most esteemed educational institutions in the world is a special moment. I look forward to the University continuing on its path as a great civic university, demonstrated by its partnership with India, addressing health, academic and research excellence and social justice. I hope that many more of India and South Asia’s brightest minds get a chance to learn, think and grow at Edinburgh.”

Dont Be Ignorant.... Some Driving Fines You Might Not Know About There have been a number of changes to motoring law enacted in 2015. This year has seen some of the biggest changes in motoring procedures we have ever seen. It is very important drivers and riders are fully upto-date on what is happening as they will affect everyone in one way or another. It’s a potential minefield, and as ever, ignorance is no defence: so here is a guide to the changes that affect you and your car! 1. Driving licences The DVLA (Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency) will no longer issue the paper element of your driving licence. When you need to hire a car, or otherwise confirm whether or not you have penalty points on your licence, you have to obtain a ‘check code’ from the DVLA, which lets a third-party inspect your licence online. Following consultation, the length of time the check code is now valid for has been extended to 21 days. 2. Paying for your VED Most people are now aware that, as of the 1 October 2014, you no longer have to display a tax disc in the windscreen of your car but not everyone knows that you can now pay for your VED (or vehicle excise duty) in monthly instalments via Direct Debit, making it easier to budget for. 3. Selling a second-hand car New rules brought in 2015 mean that you must cash in the VED (or car tax) on your car when you sell it, leaving the new owner to buy his or her own. The refund is automatically issued when the DVLA receives the completed V5 (vehicle registration document) telling it that you have sold, scrapped, exported or declared SORN (Statutory Off Road Notification) on your car. 4. Middle lane hog fine The £1,000 ‘middle lane hog’ fine levied on a

motorist in Yorkshire was a result of a tweak to existing laws that enable the police to issue a fixed penalty notice (or FPN) to drivers it believes are driving inconsiderately by committing offences such as ‘tailgating’, ‘undertaking’, or refusing to move from an overtaking lane when the road ahead is clear. 5. Drug driving It has been an offence since March 2015 to drive under the influence of illegal drugs, such as cannabis, LSD and cocaine – a common-sense move that few would argue against. However, the legislation, which affects drivers in England and Wales, also includes some prescribed drugs such as diazepam, methadone and morphine. If you are unsure whether your medication falls under the new law, you should seek advice from your doctor as those convicted of the offence will face an automatic driving ban, an unlimited fine, a possible jail sentence and a criminal record, bringing the offence in line with existing drink drive laws. 6. Smoking It is now an offence in England to smoke in a car carrying anyone under the age of 18 from 1 October 2015. Anyone flouting the law could face a fine of up to £50. 7. Speed limits The speed limit for heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) in England and Wales has recently been raised from 40mph to 50mph on single carriageways and from 50mph to 60mph on dual carriageways. 8. Drink Driving laws in Scotland The blood alcohol limit for drink driving in Scotland was lowered to 50mg per 100ml of blood in December 2014. The rest of the UK stayed at 80mg per 100ml.

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Amir Khan: I Am The Frontrunner To Face Manny Pacquiao Amir Khan says he is the favourite to face Manny Pacquiao in the Filipino boxing legend's final fight. Khan had earlier suggested the match was unlikely but now believes there is a "big chance" of taking on the seven-weight world champion. Alongside Khan, Pacquiao's promoter Bob Arum has also named Terence Crawford and Tim Bradley as possible contenders for his star's last bout. "I am the front-runner," Khan told BBC Sport. "Manny Pacquiao makes a good story because we've been training partners and I've been with his coach Freddie Roach. "There's a big chance of the fight happening, it's all about making sure my team is on point with the deal and they need

to make sure they get the fight that I want." Khan hoped to be Floyd Mayweather Jr's final opponent before the multiple world champion opted to fight Andre Berto instead but Khan believes Pacquiao, 36, is looking for a higher profile end to his career. As an alternative to Pacquiao, Khan is not ruling out an all-British clash with Kell Brook despite also identifying rematches with Danny Garcia and Lamont Peterson and a bout with Shawn Porter. Khan is currently training in Doha, the site of the 2015 World Amateur Boxing Championships, and says the Middle East could soon host a headline professional bout.

Persian Gulf May Be Too Hot For Humans By The End Of The Century If carbon dioxide emissions continue at their current pace, by the end of the century parts of the Persian Gulf will sometimes be just too hot for the human body to tolerate, a new study says. How hot? The heat index — which combines heat and humidity — may hit 165 to 170 degrees for at least six hours, according to numerous computer simulations in the new study. That’s so hot that the human body can’t get rid of heat. The elderly and ill are hurt most by current heat waves, but the future is expected to be so hot that healthy, fit people would be endangered, health experts say. While humans have been around, Earth has not seen that type of prolonged, oppressive combination of heat and humidity. But with the unique geography and climate of the Persian Gulf and increased warming projected if heat-trapping

gas emissions continue to rise at current rates, it will happen every decade or so by the end of the century, according to the study published in the journal Nature Climate Change. This would be the type of deadly heat of the 2003 heat wave in Europe that killed more than 70,000 people.

Bilquis Edhi And Medecins Sans Frontieres To Get Mother Teresa Award

Nature Versus Nurture Beauty really is in the eye of the beholder, a new study suggests. Whether or not someone is your type is largely the result of unique personal experience rather than genes, researchers have said. Only limited notions of beauty - such as symmetry - are universal and may be hard wired into our genetic make up, their “nature versus nurture” study showed. Beyond that, an individual’s idea of attractiveness was shaped by their experiences, including exposure to media images, social interactions and even the appearance of a first boyfriend or girlfriend. The findings come from tests on 761 identical


and non-identical twins who were asked to rate the attractiveness of 200 photographed faces. The Harvard Universty researchers wrote in the journal Current Biology that people agreed on aesthetic preferences for faces about half the time. Research shows the types of environments that are important are not those that are shared by those who grow up in the same family, but are much more subtle and individual, potentially including things such as one’s unique, highly personal experiences with friends or peers, as well as social and popular media.

Bilquis Edhi, the Pakistani caretaker of Indian girl Geeta, and the global humanitarian aid provider Medecins Sans Frontieres have been selected for “Mother Teresa Memorial International Award-2015” for social justice. The prestigious award, which has been earlier presented to two Nobel laureates — Dalai Lama and Malala Yousufzai — has been instituted by the Harmony Foundation, Mumbai. “In view of the noble and humanitarian act of sheltering our dear Geeta — a deaf-and-mute woman who had accidentally crossed into Paki-

stan, the Harmony Foundation Board has unanimously decided to honour Karachi-based Bilquis Bano of the Edhi Foundation,” the foundation’s chairman and activist Abraham Mathai said. Bilquis Edhi looked after Geeta graciously for over a decade and even allowed her the freedom to practice her own religion until her return to her family last month. She has been praised for her remarkable emphatic gesture of considering her religious beliefs and cultural sentiments through the years. Bilquis Edhi and MSF’s representative Leslie Shanks have accepted the Harmony Foundation’s invitation to come personally and receive the award instituted in memory of the late Mother Teresa at an event scheduled in Mumbai on November 22. Mother Teresa, who was conferred the Nobel Prize and the Bharat Ratna for her selfless services to the poor and downtrodden, passed away in Kolkata in 1997. The Medecins Sans Frontieres, founded in France in 1971 and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, has also been a recipient of some international honours, including the Nobel Prize and Indira Gandhi Prize.

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Hazrat Umar and Pir Changi Dr A Q Khan favourite companion and has showered His blessings on him. He need not ask anyone for anything and he need not be worried or sad. O Umar, tell him that the Almighty has arranged his sustenance from unknown sources.” When Hazrat Umar (RA) received this message from the invisible angel, he became very anxious, rose, took some money from the state treasury and rushed to the graveyard. There he saw an old man with a chang sleeping in the hollow of an old broken grave. His face and beard were wet from crying and for this (repentance) he received favour from the Almighty. Maulana Rumi commented that it was the benevolence of the Almighty that this old chang player received special attention and favour. Hazrat Umar (RA) stood quietly in front of the old man, waiting for him to wake up so he could give him the money and greetings from the Almighty. While waiting he sneezed and this woke the old man up. He started trembling when he saw the Caliph standing there for he was known for awarding lashes to criminals. Hazrat Umar (RA) told him not to be afraid as he (RA) had brought good news from the Almighty. Hearing this, Pir Changi became embarrassed and full of gratitude. Maulana Rumi says that, when Pir Changi heard the kind message from the Almighty conveyed through Hazrat Umar (RA), he was shocked, started trembling, biting his hands in shame and shouted: “O my Lord, I am so ashamed that, despite my detestable behaviour, You have been so kind and generous”. After having cried for a while, he picked up his chang and smashed it to pieces on the ground. Then he looked at it and said: “You wicked thing; you kept me away from my Lord; you kept me away from the right path and you sucked my blood for 70 years. It is due to you that I was disobedient to Allah, ignored His edicts and became a wrongdoer in the eyes of the Lord.” Hearing this, Hazrat Umar (RA) felt grieved and tears came to his eyes. He said: “O old man, your repentance and crying is proof of your soul’s awakening due to your nearness to the Almighty. Allah considers the repentant tears of a wrongdoer as invaluable”. Maulana Rumi comments here that the Almighty gives more importance to a single teardrop from a wrongdoer over a drop of blood from a martyr. The moral of the story is that a man whom the Almighty has identified as hasty, ungrateful, quarrelsome, a wrongdoer and niggardly, can still call on the mercy and benevolence of the Almighty if he truly repents, because the Almighty is forgiving and kind and accepts repentance. Hence, a person should never lose faith in the benevolence of Allah as only kafirs lose faith in Him.

In one of my previous columns I wrote about the life of Maulana Rumi, his ‘Masnavi’ and the story given therin of Hazrat Musa (SA) and Firaun. Maulana Rumi’s Masnavi is regarded by many as a divinely inspired book and is considered a masterpiece in Persian containing many stories of moral values and advice. Rumi was born in 605 AH in Balkh. His father’s name was Shaikh Bahauddin and he was, as a matter of fact, the maternal grandson of the King, Muhammad Khwarizm Shah. When he was six the family migrated to Larand where he was married at 18. He then settled down in Konia (now Turkey). When he was 25 he went to Syria for advanced courses in religion. In 642 AH he became a disciple of the saint Shams Tibrez (RA). He wrote his famous Masnavi in 662 AH. He died and was buried in Konia at the age of 68. Thousands of devotees visit his tomb there every year. Here I would like to give the story of Hazrat Umar (RA) and Hazrat Pir Changi (RA) (A chang is a sitar-like instrument and its player is known as a change). It contains a moral lesson about people who are famous for their achievements in their young days and are then ignored when they lose their utility old. I am indebted to Maulana Shah Hakeem Muhammed Akhtar for the Urdu translation and to Khanquahe Imdadia Ashrafia, Karachi for the Urdu translation as ‘Maa’rife Masnavi’. “During the khilafat of Hazrat Umar (RA), a man used to sing while playing the chang beautifully. Men and women, young and old, all loved to listen to him. When he walked through the forest playing his chang and singing, even the animals and birds used to listen. As he grew older, he lost the timbre of his voice and the very same people who used to love listening to him now started ignoring and avoiding him. This led to his starvation. “Considering the selfishness of the people, he was extremely saddened and called to the Almighty: ‘O Allah, when I was young and could sing and play chang beautifully, all used to admire me and would feast me. Now when I am old and have lost my beautiful voice, these same selfish people ignore and avoid me. What a pity, Oh Almighty, that I associated myself with such ungrateful people. It was pure hypocrisy. Alas, had I but associated myself with You and prayed and remembered You day and night, I would not have to see this ignominious day’. Email: dr.a.quadeer.khan@gmail.com “Pir Changi continued moaning and groaning, meanwhile repenting. He felt a strong attraction towards the Almighty. He then abandoned the people and went to a graveyard in Madina. There he took refuge in the hole of a broken grave. Crying, he spoke to the Almighty thus: ‘O Allah, I am Your guest now. Everyone has discarded me and I have no-one to turn to except You. O Allah, all my friends and admirers have vanished and I have none other than You to come to. O Almighty, I have come to You with great hopes, please do not turn me away. I am at Your mercy.” While he was crying and praying, the Caliph, Hazrat Umar (RA), received a divine message. “O Umar (RA), my dear disciple who used to make people happy with his melodious voice and beautiful chang playing is now old and has lost his charming voice. He is now being ignored and discarded by all. This calamity has made him turn in repentance to Me. Even though he was not inclined to prayer and remembering Me, I accept his repentance and pardon him as he has no- one else to go to and seek help but Me. “O Umar (RA), go to the state treasury, pick up a handsome amount and go to the graveyard. Convey My greetings to him, give him the money and tell him that the Almighty has chosen him as His


Eggs And Cholesterol include hundreds of thousands of people Eggs are among the most nutritious foods over a number of years, consistently on the planet. Essentially a whole egg show that people who eat whole contains all the nutrients needed eggs are no more likely to develop to turn a single cell into an entire heart disease. Some of the studbaby chicken. ies even show a reduced risk of However, eggs have gotten a bad stroke. reputation because the yolks are However… one thing that is worth high in cholesterol. In fact, a sinnoting, is that these studies show gle medium sized egg contains that diabetics who eat eggs are 186 mg of cholesterol, which is at an increased risk of heart dis62% of the recommended daily ease. Whether the eggs are causintake. People often believe that ing the increased risk in diabetics is if you eat cholesterol, it will raise not known. These types of studies can cholesterol in the blood and contribonly show a correlation and it is possible ute to heart disease. that the diabetics who eat eggs are, on averBut it turns out it isn’t that simple. The more you eat of cholesterol, the less your body age, less health conscious than those who don’t. This may also depend on the rest of the diet. On produces instead. a low-carb diet (by far the best diet for diabetLets explain how that works… ics), eggs lead to improvements in heart disease risk factors. How Your Body Regulates Cholesterol Levels Cholesterol is often seen as a negative word. When we hear it, we automatically start thinking of medication, heart attacks and early death. But the truth is that cholesterol is a very important part of the body. It is a structural molecule that is an essential part of every single cell membrane. It is also used to make steroid hormones like testosterone, oestrogen and cortisol. Without cholesterol, we wouldn’t even exist. Given how incredibly important cholesterol is, the body has evolved elaborate ways to ensure that we always have enough of it available. Because getting cholesterol from the diet isn’t always an option, the liver actually produces cholesterol. But when we eat a lot of cholesterol rich foods, the liver starts producing less. So the total amount of cholesterol in the body changes only very little (if at all), it is just coming from the diet instead of from the liver. What Happens When People Eat Several Whole Eggs Per Day? For many decades, people have been advised to limit their consumption of eggs, or at least of egg yolks (the white is mostly protein and is low in cholesterol). Common recommendations include a maximum of 2-6 yolks per week. However, there really isn’t much scientific support for these limitations. Studies show that eating up to 3 whole eggs a day is perfectly safe for healthy people who are trying to stay healthy. Eggs consistently raise HDL (the “good”) cholesterol.

Eggs Have Plenty of Other Health Benefits Too Let’s not forget that eggs are about more than just cholesterol… they’re also loaded with nutrients and have various other impressive benefits: •They’re high in Lutein and Zeaxanthine, antioxidants that reduce your risk of eye diseases like Macular Degeneration and Cataracts •They’re very high in Choline, a brain nutrient that over 90% of people are lacking in •They’re high in quality animal protein, which has many benefits – including increased muscle mass and better bone health •Studies show that eggs increase satiety and help you lose fat. Eggs also taste amazing and are incredibly easy to prepare. So even IF eggs were to have mild adverse effects on blood cholesterol (which they don’t), the benefits of consuming them would still far outweigh the negatives.

How Much is Too Much? Unfortunately, we don’t have studies where people are fed more than 3 eggs per day. It is possible that eating even more than that could have a detrimental effect on health. It’s also important to keep in mind that not all eggs are the same. Most eggs at the supermarket are from chickens that are raised in factories and fed grain-based feeds. The healthiest eggs are Omega-3 enriched eggs, or eggs from hens that are raised on pasture. These eggs are much higher in Omega-3s and imporEggs and Heart Disease Many studies have looked at egg consumption tant fat-soluble vitamins. and the risk of heart disease. Observational Overall, eating eggs is perfectly safe, even if studies, looking at certain habits, some of which you’re eating up to 3 whole eggs per day.

Vitamin D Linked To Lower Blood Pressure And Improved Fitness Taking vitamin D supplements may lower blood pressure and boost exercise performance, research has shown. Volunteers given the vitamin daily for two weeks saw fitness improvements that allowed them to cycle longer with less exertion. Their blood pressure and levels of the stress hormone cortisol were also lower compared with another group taking a dummy pill. Vitamin d deficiency is a silent syndrome linked to insulin resistance, diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and higher risk for certain cancers. It has several important functions, for example,

it helps to regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body. These nutrients are needed to keep bones and teeth healthy. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone deformities such as rickets in children, and bone pain and tenderness as a result of a condition called osteomalacia in adults. Around 10 million people in England are deficient in vitamin D, which is chiefly obtained from the action of sunlight on the skin. It is also found in a small number of foods such as, oily fish, eggs fortified spreads and breakfast cereals, and some powdered milks.

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Shahid Ali Selected Campaigning In Netheredge/Sharrow For Liberal Democrats Whilst on holiday in the Summer, I was reading a newspaper and came across this quote by Nelson Mandela which has stuck with me, ‘What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead’. A very deep thought and lesson from a great role model and great man. Are you concerned for the future of your children? Are you fed up of promises that don't deliver? Are you concerned by the excuses to damage our urban environment? Are you tired of not being listened to? Well I am and ENOUGH IS ENOUGH, it is time to take a stand. I will be standing as a candidate in the next Sheffield City Council Elections in 2016 for the Liberal Democrats in the Netheredge and Sharrow area of the City. I was born in Sheffield and have lived in Netheredge all my life. I Have worked in Community Development for the last 15 years, having a wide range of experience and knowledge

to bring to the role, which includes working with young people, parents and the elderly. I have become frustrated at local issues becoming worse in my community and a blatant disregard by elected individuals to listen and represent the communities they are supposed to be serving. Anti-Social behaviour has increased and a blame culture has been nurtured, which is counterproductive and the changes to local schools at Holt House and Carterknowle and the possibility of a secondary school in the area, having direct consequences on the education of children. Our Urban landscape is under threat, with the Labour led council refusing to listen to residents and the local Royal Mail sorting office threatened with closure. There are many more issues that I have come across and people have raised.

Spoonfuls Of Sugar Most adults and children in the UK eat too much sugar. The average Briton is consuming about 96g of sugar a day, added and natural sugars, through all forms of food and drink. That's about 160 teaspoons of sugar a week Cut down by eating fewer sugary foods, such as sweets, cakes and biscuits, and drinking fewer sugary drinks. The government recommends that free or added sugars shouldn't make up more than 5% of the energy (calories) you get from food and drink each day. That's a maximum of 30g of added sugar a day for adults, which is roughly seven sugar cubes. Children should have less – no more than 19g a day for children aged 4 to 6 years old (5 sugar cubes), and no more than 24g (6 sugar cubes) for children aged 7 to 10 years old. Added sugars are found in foods such as sweets, cakes, biscuits, chocolate, and some fizzy drinks and juice drinks – these are the sugary foods we should cut down on. For example, a can of cola can have as much as 9 cubes of added sugar. Sugars also occur naturally in foods such as fresh fruit and milk, but we don't need to cut down on these types of sugars.

I have decided ENOUGH IS ENOUGH, it is time to stand up and be counted and be part of the change I want to see in my community. Your vote in May 2016 can make that happen.

Dirtiest Cities in The World For the first time ever, more than half of the world’s population is living in cities. However, only 12% of these people are exposed to levels of airborne particle pollution that meet the World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines, these cities can be found in Canada and Iceland. Meanwhile, half of the planet’s mega-cities and their inhabitants are exposed to air pollution 2.5 times the WHO guidelines, with many places getting worse rather than improving. Over the past century and a half, carbon dioxide emissions have risen, and there are reports that more that 200 million people have become ill as a direct result of air pollution. In 2012 alone, it’s thought 3.7 million people died prematurely due to air pollution. Whether it’s in Europe, North America, Africa or Asia, air pollution can have many devastating affects ranging from acid rain to heart disease. In an attempt to combat these issues by raising awareness, WHO studied more than 1,600 cities between 2008 and 2013 to compile a list of the world’s dirtiest cities.

a Health And Sanitation Index of 37.9, particularly no surprise Port au Prince is dealing with polludue it’s high levels of water pollution which have tion issues. Many suggest that the high levels of air pollution may also be due to a lack of control caused many infants’ deaths. enforced by the government. Gwalior, India One of the largest cities in central India, Gwalior Rawalpindi, Pakistan is surrounded by three industrial and commercial Situated in the Pothohar region of northern Punareas: Sitholi, Banmore and Malanpur. The air jab, Rawalpindi is evolving swiftly. Home to textile pollution seems to culminate in Gwalior, leading mills and an increasing number of vehicles, the air pollution has risen dramatically in the last few to high levels of toxins. decades. Khorramabad, Iran Khorramabad, in Lorestan Province, is the epitome of agricultural industry in Iran. In 2012, the health ministry reported 80,000 deaths were caused by pollution across Iran alone.

Antananarivo, Madagascar When considering Madagascar, many would never even associate the lush paradise as polluted. However, the countries capital Antananarivo is frighteningly polluted due to industrialization and Raipur, India Over the years, Raipur has transformed into a deforestation. Delhi, India Like most cities on this list, Delhi has become syn- crucial commercial and industrial area for India, onymous with smog due to industry and traffic, supplying coal, power, steel and aluminum for the which have combined to create incredibly high whole country. levels of particulate matter including carbon, niMexico City, Mexico trogen, sulphur and metal compounds. Mexico City has a particular disadvantage when it comes to air pollution as mountains surround the city, causing the smog to constantly coat the countries’ capital. With a 37.7 rating, Mexico Citys unhealthy ozone emissions were constant throughout the year, causing major concern.

Patna, India Patna is the second largest city in eastern India with an estimated population of 1.68 million people. Patna is a crucial location for agricultural trade like grain, sugarcane, sesame and rice, leading to heavy amounts of traffic.

Karachi, Pakistan Though there appears to be lack of sanitation and clean water, it’s rich in air pollution. Vehicle emissions from cars, rickshaws and buses combined with industrial areas and the burning of garbage has earned Karachi its position on this list. Peshawar, Pakistan Like Karachi, Peshawar’s air pollution is due to vehicle emissions as well as industrial emissions, including brick kiln.

important city, the price has been a sharp rise in air pollution. The city is a crucial economic and industrial area for India as it is the second largest producer of cotton, meaning many more factories are being built.

Lucknow, India Uttar Pradesh’s capital city Lucknow is a particularly polluted area as the combination of poor transport infrastructure and increasing numbers of vehicles has exacerbated the problem infinitely. Dhaka, Bangladesh Home to more than 15 million people, Dhaka is extremely crowded. The local government is reportedly finding it difficult to deal with the pollution that often follows large populations and their vehicles. There is also a lot of water pollution caused by commercial pesticides.

Baku, Azerbaijan With a Health And Sanitation score of just 27.6, Azerbaijan’s capital city Baku is the reports dirtiest city. Oil drilling and shipping have lead to worryingly high levels of air pollution, and because Mumbai, India The report gave Mumbai a score of 38.2, leav- the country relies heavily on those activities it’s ing much to be desired from one of the world’s unlikely they will change anytime soon. flourishing economic hubs. As more people arrive from the country and industries pop up all over the place, pollution has coated the city. Fortunately, the local officials are working on strategies to control the worrying levels of air pollution.

Ahmadabad, India Although Ahmadabad is becomPort au Prince, Haiti Addis Ababa, Ethopia In 2014, Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa was given As the main port and business center of Haiti it’s ing an increasingly successful and


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Public WiFi not Secure as you think The increase of broadband rollout and the growth of WiFi in public spaces is providing society with the huge benefit of access to the Internet quickly and easily. But not all WiFi is as secure as we might think it is. Europol’s Cybercrime Division warns that attacks are rising on public WiFi and are a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

public WiFi and only use it for non-sensitive data activity if you are unsure about it’s security. Here are some tips to keep yourself safe when using public WiFi: Always use reputable internet security software on all your devices including your laptop, PC, MAC, tablets and smartphone. If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, you can lower he chances of experiencing theft of your data. to steal information, identity or passwords and money from the users who use public or insecure wi-fi connections. The important thing is to distinguish if the public WiFi you are using is secure and not public. When you connect to it, if it requires a security access password, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.

If a WiFi connection does not require a password, it is insecure. So, don’t send any confidential information over this network e.g. username, passwords, private data etc. Look for public places that do offer free WiFi but require a password which you obtain from them. Look out for the https in the web address in your browser and the padlock symbol when using websites for personal transactions. Always check your credit card or Therefore, it is important to be debit bills for any odd transacextremely vigilant when using tions, especially if you use public WiFi a lot. Always keep your device software up-to-date especially if security updates are available. Security using the Internet has been and always will be an issue as hackers find new ways of executing attacks but as long as you stick to the rules of keeping your confidential data secure, An explosive matchup of our Olympic Games, where you can lower he chances very own world-class fighter, he won a silver medal, of experiencing theft of Amir Khan is happening in May. Bolton's Amir "King" Khan your data. The British superstar and former (28-3, 19 KOs) went from Unified Super Lightweight World local hero to international Champion Amir “King” Khan will star when he won his first face current WBA International world title at 140 pounds Welterweight champion Luis in 2009.After five successCollazo in the 12 round event. ful defences that included "I'm looking forward to fighting wins over Marcos Maidin Las Vegas once again, and my ana, Paulie Malignaggi intention on May 3 is to make a and Zab Judah, Khan lost statement that I belong on this his title by way of a controbig stage," said Khan. versial decision to Lamont "Luis Collazo might be coming off Peterson in 2011. Winner of a big win, but I am in incredible of two straight over Carshape and am ready for this chal- los Molina and Julio Diaz lenge. A win on May 3 is what I since, the flashy, flamneed to prove that I truly am one boyant 27-year-old boxof the best welterweights in the er-puncher is now camsport." paigning at welterweight, A British standout who repre- where he seeks championsented his nation in the 2004 ship gold once again.

a major security risk. In the UK, key cities like London, Manchester and Birmingham are increasing public WiFi access, whilst restaurants, cafes and bars are also keen provide free WiFi to attract customers. For most smartphone users public WiFi is always seen as a great way of saving data usage included in their phone tariffs but if you are going to use public WiFi for personal transactions, sensitive data and banking, this may not be the best method. We are now seeing an increase in the misuse of wi-fi, in order

word, it means it is secure but if you can just connect to it with no password, it is insecure. Something known as ‘man-inthe-middle’ is being applied to commit these attacks on public networks. Where, the hackers capture data being passed between a user of the public WiFi and the Internet. Attacks of these kind are targeting people when they communicate with a bank, do online shopping or log in to social media sites.


An explosive ma very own world Amir Khan is hap The British supers Unified Super Ligh Champion Amir “K face current WBA Welterweight ch Collazo in the 12 r "I'm looking forw in Las Vegas once intention on May statement that I big stage," said Kh "Luis Collazo migh of a big win, but I a shape and am rea lenge. A win on M need to prove tha of the best welter sport." A British stando sented his nation

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