October Edition 2018 ilmnews

Page 1

Download our app for home deliveries. Deliveries start from 4pm-11pm

Opening Times

From 11am until 11pm

VIP Area Available for Booking. Family Room Available for More Then 130 Seater. Birthday booking. Party Room. All available Private Room Booking Available.

to book from £25 an hour.

UK’s Biggest Dessert Restaurant VIP area only from £25 an hour

If you would like to franchise with us please contact us at Rassams@hotmail.co.uk

14 Beeley Street (Off London Road) S2 4LP Sheffield 0114 3272250 Take Away & Deliveries Store33 London Road S2 4LA Sheffield 0114 2796333


Page 31


Imran Khan wants Pakistanis to crowdfund a whopping $14 billion for desperately needed dams, a plea capitalizing on nationalist fervour but ridiculed by detractors as unrealistic. If it succeeded it would be the largest crowdfunding effort in history — shattering the current Kickstarter record 700 times over. But while Pakistanis have responded to Khan’s plea with enthusiasm, the tally so far is just a drop in the ocean of what’s needed to alleviate the country’s chronic water crisis. “We have only 30 days water storage capacity,” cricketer-turned-premier Khan warned in a televised appeal this month. “We already have so many loans that we have problems in paying them back… We alone will have to build this dam, and we can.” But Khan appeared undaunted by the magnitude of what he was asking. If the millions of Pakistanis living overseas all contribute $1,000 then Pakistan will have the funds to build the dams, he claimed. “I promise to you that I will safeguard your money,” he added. Critics say Khan’s plan is little more than pie in the sky. They don’t see it feasible to collect $14billion via crowdfunding, simply because there has never been such a huge amount collected to build such a project. Few would deny Pakistan desperately needs new reservoirs. The country is rich in glaciers and rivers, but has just two large-capacity dams, and has for decades slept through warnings of a water crisis. With its surging population experts warn Pakistan faces “absolute water scarcity” by 2025. The government’s plan is to build two facilities:

the Mohmand dam in the country’s northwest, widely seen as feasible, and the much larger, troubled Diamer-Basha project in the north, first mooted in the early 2000s. Its location in territory disputed by India means major international donors have refused funding, while financing terms proposed by ally China were rejected as too harsh. Experts also question whether the Diamer-Basha dam is feasible in an earthquake-prone region, while others point out that simply patching up Pakistan’s current water infrastructure and rethinking its water policies would be more efficient. This summer the issue caught the attention of maverick Supreme Court Chief Justice Saqib Nisar, who created the dam fund in July. Khan’s decision to join the fray in September has transformed Nisar’s idea into a nationalist cause, with the fund at the State Bank of Pakistan doubling to $33 million, or 0.25 percent of the target. That includes a $9,740 donation from the national football team, its winnings from a recent tournament, along with $8 million worth of salaries donated by the powerful army. The donations have flowed despite the fact that Khan, who took power in August, has offered no detailed plan for the money — or explained how Pakistanis could recoup their cash if the project fails. The lack of specifics has not bothered many citizens


who, in a country riddled with corruption, have placed their faith in “honest” Khan. Khan has form. He built two of the country’s only state-of-the-art cancer hospitals purely on donations, raising over $300 million to date, a campaign that laid the foundations for his political career. Concerns about the fundraising have centred on the Chief Justice Nisar, who used his power to force people to donate, demanding one lawyer give $8,000 if he wanted more time in preparing his case. Nisar has even suggested that opposing the fund was tantamount to treason. The remarks invited a backlash. Overseas Pakistanis have shown they are inspired by the call of the Prime Minister to support DiamerBasha Dam project in Pakistan and they are worried about the worsening water crisis situation in the country that is likely to become a humanitarian crisis if vigorous steps are not taken to resolve the issue. The real purpose of the campaign is to sensitize the overseas Pakistanis about the water crisis and how crucial it is to build new dams and reservoirs to ward off the looming water disaster in the country. Overseas Pakistanis are urged to come forward and actively participate in the fund raising campaigns and play their vital role for the economic prosperity of their mother land.

Two scientists who discovered how to fight cancer using the body's immune system have won the 2018 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. Immune checkpoint therapy has revolutionised cancer treatment, said the prize-giving Swedish Academy. Experts say it has proved to be "strikingly effective" and has led to treatments for advanced, deadly skin cancer. Prof Allison, of the University of Texas, and Prof Honjo, of Kyoto University, will share the Nobel prize sum of nine million Swedish kronor - about $1.01 million or 870,000 euros. Our immune system protects us from disease, but it has built-in safeguards to stop it from attacking our own tissue. Some cancers can take advantage of those "brakes" and dodge the attack too. Allison and Honjo, now both in their 70s, discovered a way to unleash our immune cells to attack tumours by turning off proteins that put the brakes on. And that led to the development of new drugs which now offer hope to patients with advanced and previously untreatable cancer. Immune checkpoint therapy is being used by the NHS to treat people with the most serious form of skin cancer, melanoma. It doesn't work for every-

READ INSIDE Why Do Children Learn Faster Than Adults Page 10

Thalassaemia Awareness Page 12

Storm Names Page 2

A Beggar I Saw

Page 15

Cut Piece Page 22-23

one, but for some patients it appears to have worked incredibly well, getting rid of the tumour entirely, even after it had started to spread around the body. Such remarkable results had never been seen before for patients like these. Doctors have also been using the treatment to help some people with advanced lung cancer. Medicine is the first of the Nobel Prizes awarded each year. The literature prize will not be handed out this year, after the awarding body was affected by a sexual misconduct scandal.

Contact Us: Tel:

0786 0624 786

E-Mail: info@ilmnews.com Website: www.ilmnews.com Address: 4 Thorp Close

Sheffield, S2 4SL @ ILMNEWS

ILM Newspaper is a FREE copy and can be obtained from most supermarkets, restaurants, retail outlets, GP surgeries, mosques, community centres, boutiques and many distribution outlets throughout Sheffield, Bradford, Leeds, Manchester and South Yorkshire.

So PICK UP your FREE monthly copy of ILM NEWS TODAY!

DISCLAIMER ILM (The Knowledge) Newspaper does not represent any political, religious or any other group. It is purely for providing general information, entertainment and knowledge to its readers. ILM News does not take any responsibility of any views expressed by authors.

Regional Unemployment Continues To Fall Latest unemployment figures reveal that the number of people without a job in Yorkshire fell by 2,000 between May and July 2018 to 118,000. Nationally unemployment has also fallen and stands at 1.36 million.

Knife Crime In Sheffield Alarming Admits Police Commissioner South Yorkshire’s police and crime commissioner, Dr Alan Billings, has said the spike in knife crime is alarming but police are doing their best to tackle the issue. Sheffield has seen a surge in knife attacks this year with 5 people having died after suffering stab wounds.

New Era Square Launched To The Public A multi-million pound investment that developers hope will be the Times Square of Sheffield has been part opened after completion of the first pase of development. New Era Square, in Boston street, consist of a mix of shops, restaurants and student accommodation.


Filling The Hunger Gap This summer over 11,000 school meals were provided to over 3000 children by Sheffield City Council and Voluntary Action Sheffield (VAS). The joint project worked with a range of community groups across the city, including Heeley City Farm and Manor and Castle Development Trust, to provide activities and nutritious meals to make sure children didn’t go hungry over the holidays. Nearly a third of Sheffield school children are provided with free school meals and during

the school holidays face significant pressures on their family budgets. Councillor Jackie Drayton, Cabinet Member for Children and Young People and Public Health, at Sheffield City Council said: “This fantastic project makes a real difference to lots of children and families across our city. Alongside taking part in activities they get food to cook, share and enjoy. Last year families told us that they really appreciate this extra support during the holidays, that’s why I’m so pleased, that by work-

ing with our community partners, this year we’ve been able to extend the scheme to more areas”. Local charities who ran the schemes include the Manor and Castle Development Trust, Zest, Sharrow Community Forum, Heeley City Farm, Woodthorpe Development Trust, The Furnival, the TARA in Firth Park, Shipshape, SOAR and Pitsmoor Adventure Playground. The schemes used food provided by the Real Junk Food Project and Fare Share Yorkshire who recycle unwanted supermarket food.

Sugar Tax Funds New Tooth Brushing Clubs Four new tooth brushing clubs launched last month at Norfolk Park Primary, Sunshine Day Nursery, Greengate Lane Primary and Oasis Don Valley Academy to encourage nearly 300 children to brush their teeth in Sheffield. Sheffield International Venues (SIV) has funded the clubs using £1,000 raised from the sugar tax, a 20p charge added to all sugary drinks

sold in their cafes and vending machines. The launch comes in addition to the 80 toothbrush clubs Sheffield has at schools and nurseries across the city which work with over 5000 children. The scheme provided by Sheffield City Council and Sheffield Teaching Hospital Trust’s oral health promotion team provides children with free toothbrushes, and

toothpaste, as well information and the skills that need, about the importance of regularly brushing their teeth. Figures from Public Health England show that, in Sheffield, the average five-year-old child has one decayed, missing or filled tooth. This is slightly above the national average.

More Sheffield Secondary School Places Needed To Meet Rising Demand Sheffield will need the equivalent to two new secondary schools over the next five years to meet the rising number of students. The latest forecast from the Department for Education has revealed that in five years the city’s secondary school capacity will need to increase by six per cent. Councillor Jayne Dunn While in 2016-17 there were 28 state-funded schools with 33,195 available places for children between 11 and 16-years-old, the DfE estimates that 35,134

students will be in secondary school in 202324. An extra 2,000 secondary school places have been created in Sheffield this academic year. Two new schools, Astrea Academy Sheffield, in Burngreave, and Mercia School, off Carter Knowle Road, have been opened while Oasis Academy Don Valley has also taken its first cohort of secondary school-aged pupils. A number of primary schools have also been expanded. Councillor Jayne Dunn, cabinet

member for education and skills at Sheffield Council, said: “We are providing more local school places to help us meet the needs of our growing population”. Nationally, 71 councils in England will need to increase places to meet secondary students demand in five years, according to the DfE’s forecast. The DfE said by 2020 there will be one million more new places across the school system than there were in 2010.

Storm Names For 2018-19 The Met Office revealed the list of storm names for this season. First introduced in 2015, this is the fourth year the Met Office has run the ‘Name our Storms’ scheme, aimed at raising awareness of severe weather before it hits. This year the first storm was ‘male’ and named Ali, while the second storm was ‘female’ and named Bronagh, following the alternating male/female pattern established by the US National Hurricane Center in the 1970’s. The last 12 months have seen some extreme weather around the Globe as well as here at home. While it is too early to say whether the coming winter will be a stormy one or a quiet one the Met Office is prepared with a whole new set of 21 names for whatever nature may throw at us. This season’s names have once again been compiled from a list of suggestions submitted by the public, choosing some of the most popular names but also selecting names that reflect the nations, culture and diversity of Britain and Ireland. As in previous years, Q, U, X, Y and Z will not be used, to comply with the international storm naming conventions. In a recent YouGov survey, almost 80% of people questioned found giving storms a name useful for making them aware that the storm may have greater impacts than normal, with 63% agreeing that storm naming was useful to let them know to take action and prepare for the impacts of severe weather. Although naming storms has helped raise the profile of severe weather, we realise there is still work to be done in advising people to take action – for example in a recent survey, only one third of respondents

said they made changes at home, such as fastening windows, securing loose items outside and just one fifth checking on the safety of family and neighbours. A storm will be named on the basis of 'medium' or 'high' potential impacts from wind but also include the potential impacts of rain and snow, i.e. storms will be named for weather systems which we expect an Amber or Red warning will eventually be issued by Met Éireann and/or the Met Office’s National Severe Weather Warning Service (NSWWS). The 2017-18 season saw ten storms named, from Aileen in September to Hector earlier this summer. Last year we also saw Ex-Hurricane Ophelia, named by the National Hurricane Center.

Page 2


� ����




3 £89






* Applies to white & cream fabrics only




Measurement & Quotation



Telephone for further details

0114 2611 454 www.ilmnews.com

www.7hillsblinds.co.uk 4 SICEY AVENUE ,SHEFFIELD , S5 6 NE

Page 3

Over 1 In 5 Drivers Report Speed Bump Damage To Their Car Over a fifth of UK motorists claim their car has been damaged by so-called ‘sleeping policemen’. Damage caused by speed bumps saw councils fork out around £35,000 in compensation claims over the two-year period between 2015 and 2017. A study found that London councils alone paid out almost half of the total (£15,717), with a staggering 8,516 speed bump scrapes reported on the capital’s roads – and it’s not just local authorities being hit. Motorists pay out an average of £141 to repair speed bump-related damage, but as they are classified as “traffic-calming measures”, and not “road defects”, it can be hard to make a successful claim. There are currently more than 29,000 speed bumps installed on the UK’s roads, nicknamed ‘sleeping policemen’ for their role in slowing

traffic. The RAC warns that driving over speed bumps without slowing down can cause damage to vehicles, particularly to the underside and suspension. The Confused.com study found that almost half (48%) of the damaged cars sustained tyre issues, while a third (33%) experienced suspension problems. Although, with a fifth of drivers admitting to not slowing down over speed bumps, the amount of damage is perhaps unsurprising. The research is based on an online survey of 2,000 drivers and Freedom of Information requests sent to local councils. It found that nearly three in 10 motorists (28%) believe speed bumps need to be marked more clearly, while over a quarter think they’re ineffective at calming traffic.

Indonesia Earthquake: Huge Surge In Death Toll At least 832 people were killed in the devastating earthquake and tsunami that hit the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, the national disaster agency says. Many people were reported trapped in the rubble of buildings that collapsed in Friday's 7.5-magnitude earthquake. The quake triggered tsunami waves as high as 6m (20ft). The final death toll could be thousands. Rescuers have been digging by hand in the search for survivors in the city of Palu. The Red Cross estimates that more than 1.6 million people have been affected by the earthquake and tsunami which it described as a tragedy that

"could get much worse". Strong aftershocks have continued to hit the island since Friday's earthquake. The 7.5 magnitude quake occurred at a shallow depth of 10km (6.2 miles) just off the central island of Sulawesi at 18:03 (10:03 GMT), triggering a tsunami, US monitors say. Many people were on the beach in Palu, preparing for a festival, and were caught when waves swept in. As well as destroying homes, the quake wrecked a shopping centre, a mosque, a hotel and a road bridge. An air traffic controller at Palu airport died ensuring a plane took off safely after the quake.

Boris Johnson Defends Burka ‘Letterbox’ Remarks Boris Johnson has defended his controversial claim that Muslim women wearing the burka "look like letter boxes". The former foreign secretary faced criticism from Tory MPs and peers over the remarks and was accused of Islamophobia. Mr Johnson said the backlash was nothing more than "confected indignation" at his "strong views" on Brexit. Mr Johnson, in his Telegraph column last month, said full-face veils should not be banned, but it

was "absolutely ridiculous" women chose to "go around looking like letter boxes". He also compared them to looking like "bank robbers". Speaking to Sky News he said: "I stand by what I wrote. I urge my friends and colleagues to look carefully at what I wrote. "I think you'll find invariably that there is an element of confected indignation about things that I've said that are wrenched out of context and in this particular context.

Concern Over Children Not Ready For School By The Age Of Five Thousands of children in Sheffield started school last month without basic skills such as being able to hold a pencil or go to the toilet by themselves. Public Health England measures a child's 'school readiness' according to whether they have reached a good level of development at the end of reception, before entering their first compulsory year of education at age five. Just 70% of children in Sheffield were at a good level in the 2016-17 academic year, the latest year for which data is available. This means around 2,000 children - almost one in three - may not have been ready for school by the time they entered Year 1. Children who don't reach a good level by age five are likely to struggle to catch up in their later education, according to Ofsted. Boys were far less likely to have reached a good level than girls - in Sheffield, 37% of boys fell short compared to 23% of girls. Pupils from poorer backgrounds also fared worse, with just 55% of those on free school meals in Sheffield

achieving the benchmark. Subject areas assessed include communication and language, physical development, and personal, social and emotional development. These cover skills such as being able to communicate thoughts and feelings, socialise with others, go to the toilet unaided, and perform basic physical tasks such as holding a pencil or kicking a ball. However, literacy and maths are also assessed, in which children score lower than they do in the other subjects. A child has to be at a good level in every individual area to be assessed as being at a good level overall. Nadhim Zahawi, Minister for Children and Families, said: "The Education Secretary has pledged to halve the number of children starting year 1 without early speaking and learning skills by 2028, and will convene a summit in the autumn of businesses, broadcasters and a broad range of other organisations as part of a coalition to explore innovative ways to boost early language development and reading in the home.”

Walk-In Centre And Minor Injuries Unit Gain Reprieve Sheffield’s NHS walk-in centre and minor injuries unit are to remain open for at least two years as health bosses back down on closure plans. The reprieve agreed by the Clinical Commissioning Group follows months of protests and provides time for a review of the business case to be carried out next year. Back in 2017, the CCG’s Primary Care Commissioning Committee decided to open a new Urgent Treatment Centre at Northern General Hospital in an attempt to reduce patient confu-


sion about where to access services. The CCG’s recommendation to close the WalkIn Centre and the Minor Injuries Unit will now be reconsidered, meaning the services could stay open for at least another 18 months while they review the plans. A CCG spokesperson said: “We did city-wide consultation at the end of last year and we have been considering feedback from the public and all our partners.

Page 4

University Centre opens in Rotherham The £10.5 million University Centre Rotherham has opened its doors. The university centre in Rotherham’s town centre on Doncaster Gate will provide access to degrees and higher-level qualification, accredited by Hull University and Sheffield Hallam University. UCR is operated by education and training provider RNN Group and is part of the Rotherham Plan 2025, a strategy set out by the Rotherham Together Partnership aiming to improve the economic and social wellbeing of the borough. Currently only 17 per cent of the population in Rotherham and Bassetlaw have a higher or degree-level qualification (level four or above), compared to the national average of 27 per cent. Chief executive of the RNN Group, John Connolly, said: “We are delighted to welcome students to the brand new UCR campus this autumn. “Studying at UCR means students can achieve their career aspirations without the need to live away from home or travel long distances and offers opportunities for those already in employment who want to study a

degree or higher-level qualification around their work and family commitments. “We’re aiming to inspire students at UCR to become the business leaders and entrepreneurs of the future.” RNN Group expects to run 50 different university-level courses by 2020, adding to the 32 higher-level courses currently on offer. It is aiming to attract 1,000 additional students over the first five years. Cllr Chris Read, Leader of Rotherham Council and Chair of the Rotherham Together Partnership, which has helped drive the plans for the facility, also added: “Having a university centre here in Rotherham will develop both education and business for future generations here in Rotherham. “It makes sense to attract new students and local businesses in order to offer the best educational and business experiences. “This centre will play a pivotal role in closing the skills gap in the town and support the local economy by increasing access to higherlevel skills.” UCR is part-funded by the Sheffield City Region which contributed £3.5m of Local Growth Fund money.

Shared Home Tenants ‘May Face Rent Rises Or Eviction’ Tenants living in shared houses in England could face eviction or increases in rent because of changes to government rules, the National Landlords Association (NLA) has warned. From October an extra 160,000 houses of multiple occupancy (HMOs) have to be registered with local councils, almost triple the current figure. The Tenants Union said any increases in rent would be unfair on tenants. The government said the new rules would raise housing standards for tenants. HMOs are homes where people, who are not related, sleep in separate rooms but share facilities such as kitchens or bathrooms. Mainly students, migrants and low-paid workers live in the half a million HMO properties in England. Currently about 64,000 of these HMOs are required to be licensed but the rule changes mean more properties will be required to be inspected and certificated by local authorities. Previously only houses of more than three storeys and with five or more people forming at least two households had to be licensed. The new rules re-

56% Think Brexit Will Be Worse Than Expected With six months to go until Brexit, the majority of Britons - and the largest part of Leave voters - think Brexit will have a worse outcome than they expected when they voted in the EU referendum. Some 56% of Britons think the outcome of Brexit will be worse than they thought when voting, against 26% who think it will be as bad as expected, and 9% who think it will be better. Among people who voted Leave in 2016, 43% think Brexit will not be as good as they believed at the time of the referendum, with 34% saying it will be as expected and 15% thinking it will be better. Most people also think Brexit negotiations have taken longer than they thought (69% overall, 76% of Leavers), and have been more difficult than expected (54% overall, 61% of Leavers). Sky Data has also been asking a set of questions


move the three-storey threshold and apply to smaller homes. The Centre for Economics and Business Research estimates the licensing process will on average cost landlords £1,200 each, and collectively, more than £95m. Landlords say the extra licensing costs will result in rents having to be increased. Some landlords are also expected to reduce the number of rooms they rent out, meaning existing tenants would face eviction. The new rules, which only apply to properties in England, will also require landlords to provide extra refuse bins and make sure bedrooms within HMOs are a minimum size. The Ministry of Housing and Local Government said the new rules would help protect at least 850,000 more people in privately-rented homes. At the same time, new minimum size requirements for bedrooms in HMOs will take effect. Rooms used for sleeping by one adult will have to be no smaller than 6.51 sq metres, and those for two adults will have to be no smaller than 10.22 sq metres.

about Brexit since November 2016, in order to track views on the issue. This shows the British public becoming increasingly pessimistic about the prospect of Brexit across a range issues, with the proportion saying Brexit will be bad for themselves personally. People support holding a referendum choosing between leaving the EU on the terms suggested by the government, leaving the EU with no deal, or staying in the EU by 50% to 39% opposed. And in such a referendum, staying in the EU would be the most popular of the three options on 43%, with 28% backing leaving the EU with no deal, and 15% supporting the government's proposal. In a final round, people would now vote to remain in the EU over a no-deal Brexit by 55% to 45%.

Page 6

By 2030 We Could Throw Away More Than World Heart Day Being Observed 2 Billion Tonnes Of Food Food waste could rise by almost a third by 2030 when more than 2 billion tonnes will be binned, researchers said, warning of a "staggering" crisis propelled by a booming world population and changing habits in developing nations. The United Nations has set a target of halving food loss and waste by 2030. But it has found that if current trends continued, it would rise to 2.1 billion tonnes annually an amount worth $1.5 trillion. Around a third of the world's food is lost or thrown away each year. Currently, we waste 1.6 billion tons of food annually, worth about $1.2 trillion dollars. Much of the projected increase was down to a swelling world population, with more people resulting in more waste. Household waste will increase in developing countries as consumers gain more disposable income, said rhe report, which identified five key changes which it said could save nearly $700 billion in lost food. They included more awareness among consumers,

stronger regulations and better supply chain efficiency and collaboration along the food production chain. The report raised serious issues but oversimplified some of the solutions. It's connected with the way our lives have changed and the fact that food is now so much cheaper and a growing demand for convenience and a lack of cooking skills among younger generations.

Time To Get Your School Applications In Council leaders are urging families applying for their child’s secondary school to make sure they fill in their application forms before the closing date of 31 October 2018. Parents will find out the outcomes of their secondary school application on 1 March 2019 Parents are entitled to express up to three preferences but some parents choose not to. Parents are always encouraged to use all three preferences in order to maximise their options. Putting down three preferences does not reduce the chance of parents getting their preferred option, but does provide alternatives should the preferred school(s) be over-subscribed. Whilst Sheffield families continue to have a better chance than most of accessing one of their preferred

schools – over 96% in this year’s intake – there is no automatic entitlement to a place at the preferred or catchment school. Families are encouraged to name their catchment school as one of their preferences as places cannot be reserved for catchment pupils where a positive preference for this school has not been expressed. Applications have also opened for primary school places. The deadline for online applications is 4 December and written applications on 15 January. Parents will find out the outcomes of their primary school application on 16 April 2019. All secondary schools are holding open evenings throughout September and October where parents can obtain further advice and guidance.

Parking On Yellow Lines The struggle to find a parking spot in our crowded towns and cities is made all the harder by the baffling markings that are yellow lines. Confusion reigns on if you can park on them, when it’s okay to do so and what exemptions apply. Here we round up all you need to know about parking on public roads. Close Parking on double yellow lines Unless you hold a disabled parking permit you cannot park on double yellow lines. The Highway Code states: “Double yellow lines indicate a prohibition of waiting at any time even if there are no upright signs.” A few areas have special exclusions that allow you to park on the lines at certain times but these will be clearly displayed on street signage. If you can’t see a sign, play it safe and assume the parking ban is in place all day every day. Disabled badge holders are allowed to park on double yellow lines for up to three hours as long as they are not causing an obstruction. In some cases you can also stop to load or unload heavy or bulky goods but there may be other road markings indicating this also isn’t allowed. Parking on single yellow lines Nearby signs should indicate when single yellow line restrictions operate Single yellow lines indicate areas where parking is prohibited at certain times. There are no set rules about when single yellow line restrictions operate and the limits can vary street by street as well as between towns and cities. Often restrictions will apply at peak hours or on weekdays but there should be signs at the kerbside indicating exactly when waiting is and isn’t allowed. In some controlled parking zones there are simply signs at the start of the zone rather than on every street. If the sign doesn’t indicate the days on which the restrictions operate they are in place at the same time every day of the week.


World Heart Day on 29 September has been observed across the world to create awareness about cardiac disorders and prevention measures. This year's slogan "My Heart, your Heart" is aimed to encourage people to pay more attention to their heart health and that of others. World Health Organization says high blood pressure, increased cholesterol, smoking, lack of exercise and excessive consumption of fast foods are main reasons of heart diseases. Experts reveal Yorkshire folk have the unhealthiest hearts in the country with the highest death rates for heart and circulatory diseases. A study by the British Heart Foundation found mortality in Yorkshire and the Humber is 10 per cent higher than the average for England. About 13,500 people die early from heart and circulatory conditions including heart disease, stroke and vascular dementia in

the county every year. Research dating back to 2011 found the highest death rate was in Hull, where 334 per 100,000 people a year succumb to heart conditions. Seaside resort Scarborough is also a heart attack hotspot with 327 per 100,000 dying before their expected age. Bradford – with 300 deaths per 100,000 – and Leeds – with 288 – contribute to the region’s worrying heart health. In comparison, people living in the Southeast have a cardiac and circulatory death rate average of 234 per 100,000. Simon Gillespie, chief executive at the British Heart Foundation, said: “These statistics are a powerful reminder that heart and circulatory disease devastate thousands of families. “Every three minutes someone loses a loved one to heart and circulatory disease in the UK.”

Three In Five British Adults Say Miracles Are Possible Three in five UK adults say they believe some form of miracle is possible, a survey commissioned by the BBC has suggested. Nearly half of those questioned admitted to praying for a miracle at some time. However, when it comes to the miracles of Jesus, nearly half say they do not believe he did miraculous things. 2,002 British adults were surveyed by telephone between 16 and 26 August. The survey suggested: 62% of British adults believe some form of miracle is possible today Nearly three-quarters aged 18-24 say they believe some form of miracle is possible today, more than any other age group 43% say they have prayed for a miracle 37% of British adults who attend a reli-

gious service at least monthly say they believe the miracles of Jesus happened word for word as described in the Bible Half of this group say they have prayed for a miracle which was answered in the way they had hoped But 37% of Christians have never prayed for a miracle A miracle is regarded by many as a fortuitous event believed to have been caused by divine intervention, prayer or worship. The survey suggests 59% of adults who identify as Christian have prayed for a miracle, with around half of these people (29%) saying their prayer was answered in the way they hoped. Families often ask chaplains will to pray for a miracle to bring someone back from the brink of death.

As with double yellows, loading and loading heavy items may be permitted but check for the kerb dashes indicating this isn’t the case. Loading restrictions Even where there are no lines on the road loading and unloading may be prohibited. Look out for two short yellow lines or ‘dashes’ running down the kerb, which means no loading/unloading at any time. A single yellow line on the kerb indicates limited loading and unloading times, which will be signposted nearby. Red lines Red lines are used on some roads instead of yellow lines, often along bus routes or other public transport arteries.The double and single red lines used on ‘red routes’ in cities such as London, Edinburgh and Birmingham indicate that stopping to park, load/unload or drop off passengers is prohibited. Like yellow lines, a double red means no stopping at any time while a single red means there are specific times when stopping is allowed. There may be specific spaces marked within red routes for parking or loading but always check the restrictions carefully by referring to roadside signs. Holidays Some people assume that parking restrictions don’t apply on bank holidays or on weekends but they are mistaken. Unless there signs specifically mention this, the restrictions are enforced even if it is a public holiday. Don’t assume that restrictions aren’t enforced on public holidays Blue Badge holders Blue Badge holders are allowed more leniency when it comes to parking restrictions. They are allowed to park on double or single yellow lines for up to three hours as long as they don’t park within 15 metres of a junction or where there are loading/unloading restrictions. They cannot park on red lines, except outwith restricted times. Remember, these guidelines apply to markings on public roads. The same rules don’t necessarily apply in private car parks and streets not adopted by the local authority.

Page 8




www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com

www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com

18 Bellhouse Road, Sheffield, S5 6HL

Page3 9 Page Page 7 11 Page 9

Page3 9 Page Page 7 Page 11 9

Why Do Children Learn Faster Than Adults? You would expect that since adults are more mature than children and have had more life experience, they would have the ability to learn a lot quicker, but this isn’t necessarily the case. Babies are born with about 100 billion brain cells, which is the same for adults. All parts of the brain are constantly growing such as the prefrontal cortex, hippocampus and cerebellum but by the time the infant reaches the age of 2 the only part of the brain which grows is the hippocampus, this is related to learning and memory. This is not the most important reason to why children learn faster, the most important reason is the organisation of the neurons in the brain. New-borns have very few synapses, which are gaps between two neurones, by the age of 2-3 they all go through a phase known as exuberant synaptogenesis, this is where the infant develops twice as many synaptic connections as there are in adults. As a result, they pick up new words more easily and tend to be more creative. Over time babies supress unused connections and strengthen useful ones. The most important part of the brain is the prefrontal cortex and this takes a very long time to mature, but is very helpful in learning, as it inhibits irrelevant thoughts or actions, and because children lack the prefrontal cortex this is why they explore more freely. Early stages of neuronal development, the brain exhibits more plasticity, and as a result children seem to absorb everything around them,

with language being the most common example. When they hear more sounds more neuronal connections are made. Now let’s compare both cognitive functions of a child and adult. It will make sense that the more experiences you have the more it will help you to learn, however as we become older we gain rigid patterns in learning that is best suited to us, as for a child they don’t have rigid learning patterns and this allows them to explore different ways of doing things with an open mind and don’t mind going out of their comfort zone in comparison to adults. There are marked differences between adults and children when it comes to the importance of purpose in learning. Especially when they are of primary school age, children are simply happy to accept what they are learning regardless of its purpose. For example, a young child will not realise the long-term importance of understanding why “1 + 1 = 2” nor will they question why they are being taught this. However, for learning to make any sense or to have any meaning or give added value to an adult’s life, it must have a sense of purpose. Whether that’s to learn new skills to further career prospects or to discover more about something they are really interested in, an adult need to be able

Own Up To Mass Muslim Detentions, Amnesty Tells China China must come clean about the fate of an estimated one million minority Muslims swept up in a "massive crackdown" in its far western region of Xinjiang, Amnesty International said. Beijing has tightened restrictions on Muslim minorities to combat what it calls Islamic extremism and separatist elements in Xinjiang. Critics say the drive risks fuelling resentment towards Beijing and further inflaming separatist sentiment. In a new report, which included testimony from people held in the camps, the international rights group said Beijing had rolled out "an intensifying government campaign of mass internment, intrusive surveillance, political indoctrination and forced cultural assimilation". Uighurs and other Muslim minorities are punished for violating regulations banning beards and burqas, and for the possession of unauthorised Qurans, it added. Up to a million people are detained in internment camps, a United Nations panel on racial discrimination reported last month, with many detained for offences as minor as making contact with family members outside the country or sharing Islamic holiday greetings on social media. Beijing has denied reports of the camps but evidence is mounting in the form of government documents and escapee testimony. These suggest that Chinese authorities are detaining large groups of people in a network of extrajudicial camps for political and cultural indoctrination on a scale unseen since the Maoist era. Amnesty's report interviewed several former detainees who said they were put in shackles, tortured, and made to sing political songs and learn about the Communist Party. The testimony tallies with evidence gathered by foreign reporters and rights groups in the past year. Amnesty also called on governments around the world to hold Beijing to account for "the nightmare" unfolding in Xinjiang. Last week, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo denounced "awful abuses" of Uighur Muslims detained in re-education camps. "Hundreds of thousands and possibly millions of Uighurs are held against their will in so-called re-education camps


where they're forced to endure severe political indoctrination and other awful abuses," Pompeo said in a speech. However Pakistan, China's biggest Muslim ally, quickly denied reports last week that it had criticised Beijing -- which is pouring billions in infrastructure investment into the country -- over the issue. Religious affairs minister Noorul Haq Qadri said China has agreed to exchange delegations of religious students to help promote "harmony" between Muslims and Chinese authorities. China's top leaders recently called for religious practices to be brought in line with "traditional" Chinese values and culture, sparking concern among rights groups. Earlier this month draft regulations suggested Beijing was considering restrictions on religious content online, such as images of people praying or chanting. State supervision of religion has increased in a bid to "block extremism", and authorities have removed Islamic symbols such as crescents from public spaces in areas with significant Muslim populations. Christians have also been targeted in crackdowns, with a prominent Beijing "underground" church shuttered by authorities earlier this month. Churches in central Henan province have seen their crosses torn down and followers harassed.

Mr Shumile J. Chishty to relate that learning to something in their life that means something to them. After all, adults will have far more responsibilities in life than a child and, therefore, less time to attend to different things so, in order to learn effectively, a sense of purpose is crucial to the whole experience.

Government Launches New Savings Scheme To Help Low-Income Workers Hundreds of thousands of people on low incomes could benefit from a new savings scheme designed to help them build up a healthy cash reserve. The Help to Save initiative is available to working people on tax credits and universal credit, and will reward them with an extra 50p for every £1 they save. It means those who save the maximum amount of £2,400 over four years would receive a bonus of £1,200, which the government says could help pay for anything from a broken boiler to a family holiday. Money put into the savings accounts will be held by the state-owned bank National Savings and Investments, and customers will be able to manage their money online and over the phone. Between £1 and £50 can be stashed away each month and after two years people will receive a 50% bonus on their savings, which could by then stand at £1,200. Another 50% tax-free bonus becomes available after four years, which equates to half of the savings paid in above the highest balance saved in the first two years. Withdrawals can be made at any time and do not affect bonus payouts, which are made into savers' bank accounts rather than their Help to Save

accounts. The accounts can be shut at any time but early closures will mean customers miss their next bonus - and they will not be able to set up another account. But if their situation changes and they stop receiving working tax credit or universal credit, they can still save and receive any bonus they are entitled to. Help to Save has launched last month and the government is working with housing associations and money advice organisations to raise awareness of the scheme, with a successful eightmonth pilot having seen more than 45,000 customers deposit a total in excess of £3m. The Treasury said: "Savings shouldn't be a luxury, they are an essential part of planning for the future. But for some, putting away even a tenner each month can be a tough habit to get into. Whether you're saving up to take the family on a much-needed holiday, or to take the next step in life, Help to Save is designed to make saving possible for every hard-working person in this country." The scheme has been welcomed by StepChange Debt Charity, which said it may be particularly helpful to help people build financial resilience for the future.

Graduated Driving Licences An RAC Foundation report earlier this year estimated 281 fewer people a year would be killed or seriously injured if graduated driving licences GDLs were introduced in England, Wales and Scotland. A GDL scheme would mean restrictions for new drivers - for example a night curfew and a limit on the number of passengers they can carry. Those restrictions could last one or two years and then be lifted as drivers gain more experience. Northern Ireland, which already has some limits on new drivers, including a 45mph speed cap for the first year, plans to introduce the GDL in 2020. Data from other countries which have GDLs, such as the US and New Zealand, seems to suggest it lowers the number of people killed or seriously injured by young drivers.

Campaigners would like to see better tuition for learner drivers, cheaper insurance on safer cars and even suggests virtual reality technology as a way to help hazard perception. There are already voluntary measures you can take, such as displaying green probationary P plates - which show others that you've just passed your test. Road safety charity Brake supports GDLs. "The government must act now to put an end to this daily tragedy and introduce graduated driver licensing, a safety measure which is proven to work and reduce young driver crashes," Brake's director of campaigns, said in a statement. The Department for Transport says it has decided to use the introduction of GDLs in Northern Ireland as a pilot to gather evidence on the potential for GDL across the rest of Great Britain.

Page 10



For a initial FREE Consultation Call us Today... Call our Rotherham


Solicitors With a passion for winning, you will find our local lawyers confident, friendly and easy to work with. We pride ourselves on our open and innovative approach in providing clear and straightforward advice. Above all we are committed to putting you FIRST. We make it Simple and Easy.

Branch on:

01709368603 www.elc-solicitors.co.uk

We provide Legal services in:

Immigration Law Human Rights Asylum & International Protection Nationality Spouse Visas All Points Based Applications Appeals Judicial Review











Family Law Solicitors Divorce & Separation Sharia Divorce Child Contact Orders Injunctions All Family Court Proceedings

Civil & Commercial Litigation Breach of Contract Landlord and Tenant Disputes Company and Partnership Disputes Debt Recovery Bankruptcy Proceedings

All cases are dealt with quickly and efficientlyto ensure that we take away from you the Stress.

Rotherham Branch Mansfield House 34 Mansfield Road Rotherham S60 2DX

Personal Injury No Charges Win or Lose 100 % Compensation Speedy Settlements

01709368603 Greater Manchester Branch 298 Lees Road Oldham OL4 1NZ


ADVOCATING YOUR RIGHTS This firm is authorised and regulated by the solicitors regulation authority www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com

Page Page40 3 Page 40

OIC Calls For End To Hate Campaigns Against Islam OIC foreign ministers adopted a strongly worded statement — sponsored by Pakistan and Turkey — denouncing the increasing attacks on Islam, its revered personalities and symbols, and calling for an end to such campaigns. The ministers met last month on the margins of the 73rd session of the UN General Assembly being held in New York. Speaking at the meeting, Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi expressed deep concern over the misrepresentation of Islam as well as at the activities that have hurt the feelings of Muslims all over the world, especially the disrespect shown to the most revered personality of Islam. In the statement, which was approved by the ministerial meeting, serious concern was expressed on intensification of hate campaigns which were deliberately targeting Muslims and the Islamic religious symbols. The joint statement rejected provocative acts like the holding of the competition contest to ridicule Islam aimed at inciting violence. Ever since caricatures competition was announced, Pakistan raised the issue at the diplomatic level with the United Nations, OIC, and European Union and sensitized world leaders, according to an official statement. Foreign Minister Qureshi wrote to the OIC Secretary-General, the UN Secretary-General, the Dutch foreign Minister and foreign ministers of Islamic countries to jointly act against Islamophobic acts. Pakistan also requested the convening of an Emergency Session of the OIC Executive Committee to take stock of the situation arising from the acts denigrating Islam. In his bilateral meetings in New York, Foreign Minister Qureshi expressed serious concern at the alarming rise in defamatory activities which were hurting the sensibilities of the Muslims. He affirmed that freedom of expression comes with concomitant responsibilities, and should be exercised keeping in view the ethical, moral and legal obligations.

The Nature Of A Tsunami A once-exotic word that has now entered the everyday lexicon, a tsunami refers to a shock of water that spreads through the sea, usually after a sub-sea floor quake. A section of seabed is thrust up or driven down by violent movement of the Earth´s crust. The rift displaces vast quantities of water that move as waves, able to cover enormous distances, sometimes at the speed of a jet plane. A 7.5 magnitude quake off the Indonesian island of Sulawesi on Friday generated a tsunami as high as 1.5 metres (five feet) that slammed into Palu, a city of 350,000 people. Dramatic video footage filmed from the top floor of a parking ramp in Palu, nearly 80 kilometres (50 miles) from the quake´s epicentre, showed waves of water bring down several buildings and inundating a large mosque. The word “tsunami” comes from the Japanese words for “harbour” and “wave”. At their point of generation, tsunamis have a relatively small wave height, with peaks far apart. As the waves approach the shore they are compressed by the shelving of the sea floor, reducing the dis-

tance between the peaks and vastly increasing the height. To those on the shore, the first sign of something amiss can be the retreat of the sea, which is followed by the arrival of large waves. Several factors determine the height and destructiveness of a tsunami. They include the size of the quake, the volume of displaced water, the topography of the sea floor as the waves race to the coast and whether there are natural obstacles that dampen the shock. Destruction of protective mangroves and coral reefs and the building of homes or hotels on exposed beaches are fingered as leading causes of high death tolls from tsunamis. Large quakes are the main drivers of tsunamis, but the phenomenon can also be sparked by other cataclysmic events, such as volcanic eruptions and even landslides. The tsunami of December 2004 in the Indian Ocean was caused by a monstrous 9.1 magnitude earthquake off the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It released energy equivalent to 23,000 of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS). Some 220,000 people in 11 nations were killed, many of them thousands of kilometres from the epicentre. The Pacific Ocean is particularly prone to earthquakes and therefore to tsunamis. But research has found that, over the millennia, tsunamis have occurred in many parts of the world, including the Atlantic and Mediterranean. A global monitoring network, overseen by the UN, has been set in place to alert areas at risk.

Scammers Steal Half-A-Billion Pounds From UK Banking Customers More than £500m was stolen from customers of British banks in the first half of 2018, figures have shown. Industry group UK Finance said £145m of that was due to authorised push payment (APP) scams, in which people are conned into sending money to another account. But £358m was lost to unauthorised fraud, which includes transactions made without account holders' knowledge. Unauthorised fraud victims are usually refunded by their banks, but most victims of APP fraud do not get their money back. This is because current legislation means they are liable for any losses incurred if they authorise a payment themselves. "Purchase scams", in which people are duped into paying for products or services that do not exist, were the most prevalent form of APP fraud reported in the first six months of 2018. These scams often happen online, and examples include payments made for cars or holidays that are never delivered or provided.


There were also 3,866 reported cases of impersonation scams, in which criminals pretend to be from a financial institution or law enforcement, and trick account holders into transferring money. During the first six months of 2017, APP scams led to £101m in losses, but UK Finance said this year's £44m increase was partly down to four more banks reporting data. How to protect yourself against fraud -When you transfer money from your bank account, you are asked to enter three pieces of information: the name of the payee, their account number, and the sort code. -However, only the last two are cross-checked by the bank. So putting in the correct name is no guarantee that person will get the money. -UK Finance offers the following advice: Never disclose security details, such as your PIN or full banking password -Don't assume an email, text or phone call is authentic -Don't be rushed - a genuine organisation won't mind waiting -Listen to your instincts - you know if something doesn't feel right -Stay in control - don't panic and make a decision you'll regret The figures underline that fraud is a major threat to the UK, and that the proceeds go on to fund terrorism, people smuggling and drug trafficking. However two-thirds of all unauthorised fraud was successfully thwarted by UK financial institutions.

Tel: 0114 399 7111 Mob: 07806662220

Page 12

Four Years Of US Strikes On Syria Kill 3,300 Civilians More than 3,000 civilians have been killed in US-led coalition air strikes against the Islamic State group in Syria since they began four years ago, a monitor said. The Washington-led alliance puts the toll at just over 1,000 civilians in both Syria and neighbouring Iraq, and says it does all it can to prevent civilian deaths. The coalition began bombing IS targets in Iraq in August 2014 after the jihadist group seized swathes of territory straddling the two countries, proclaiming an Islamic “caliphate”. The coalition extended its strikes to Syria on September 23, 2014. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitoring group, said on Sunday those Syria strikes had since killed 3,331 civilians. The monitor relies on a network of sources inside Syria and tracks flight patterns, aircraft involved and ammunition used to determine who carries

out raids. “Among those killed are 826 children and 615 women,” said Observatory chief Rami Abdel Rahman. The coalition says it takes every possible precaution to prevent civilian deaths. In its latest civilian casualty report published last month, the coalition said its strikes had unintentionally killed 1,061 civilians in both Iraq and Syria up until July 30, 2018. It is still assessing a further 216 reports of civilian casualties, some of them in strikes dating back to 2014.


Millennial Motorists Being Driven To Distraction Nearly four in 10 millennial drivers admit to using their smartphones behind the wheel, a new study has revealed. A shocking 37% of both male and females admit to getting distracted by their smartphones while driving, in a study by The Car People. Road safety campaigners will be worried these figures mean the message about the dangers of using a handheld device while driving is not getting through. Passengers are the second biggest distraction for younger drivers, with 27% of men and 30% of women admitting that talking in the car disrupts them. Changing the car radio is a distraction for a

quarter of younger male drivers, while just over a quarter (26%) of female drivers get sidetracked by children fighting in the backseat. Other distractions for millennial motorists include looking in the mirrors, using the vehicle controls and trying to work out sat-nav directions. One in five men (20%) even admit to a wandering eye when driving, compared to just one in 20 (5%) woman whose attention is diverted by attractive pedestrians. Tougher punishments for drivers using their phones behind the wheel were introduced in March 2017, with offenders now facing six penalty points and a £200 fine if caught.

People With Severe Mental Illness Have Far Worse Physical Health People with severe mental illness experience far worse physical heath compared to the general population, with the greatest inequalities seen among younger people, health officials have warned. Public Health England (PHE) said patients with Severe Mental Illness (SMI) have a higher prevalence of obesity (1.8 times more prevalent than the general population), diabetes (1.9 times) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (2.1 times). They are also 1.6 times more likely to suffer a stroke, heart failure (1.5 times), coronary heart disease (1.2 times) and asthma (1.2 times). People with SMI also die on average 15 to 20 years earlier than the general population, and are around twice as likely to have multiple physical health conditions. SMI refers to people diagnosed with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, or who have experienced an episode of psychosis. PHE said its report also found younger people (aged 15–34 years) with SMI experience the greatest level of health inequalities – they are five times more likely to have three or more physical health conditions than the general population.


They are also three times as likely to be obese, 3.7 times as likely to suffer from diabetes and have 3.2 times the chance of having high blood pressure. The PHE report looked at GP data as part of its wider work to improve the physical health of people with mental illness. It is hugely concerning the average life expectancy of someone with SMI is the same as the average adult in the 1950s. People with severe mental illness live with more ill health and die up to 20 years younger than the rest of the population. Professor Tim Kendall, national clinical director for mental health at NHS England, said: “Improving the life expectancy of people with serious mental health issues needs coordinated action, and this report adds to our knowledge, reinforcing the need for a continued focus on closing the physical health outcomes gap. “The NHS is already increasing early detection and expanding access to evidence based physical care assessment and follow-up care, with more than 280,000 people set to get help by 2020/21, while the NHS long-term plan will set out further priorities for the years ahead.”

Page 14

A BEGGAR I SAW By Shaheryar A. Chishty A decrepit old woman sat on the road’s side Trembling and rocking, those who didn’t give her money she scrutinized Her gnarled hands fondled with her flimsy purse Feeling for her valuables, fulfilling her greedy thirst She was sheltered from the vexatious sun By the pedestrians moving shadows, they bounded and they spun Flat and small, the woman’s lips were creased and wrinkled with neglect No food was available to iron against her lips, her body lacked respect This woman may once have been a prepossessing flower She lost her beauty and youth, her eyes sagged hour by hour This flower lost her strength to stand; she began to tilt Her roots were pulled out of her soil, she was left on the side to wilt Her despondent eyes gazed at her Hands caressing a clump of prayer beads Each bead full of many pleads The scorching sun ruthlessly stared at the vulnerable beggar Luckily the old woman was shielded by a cluster of dangling wires, they protected her from the torrid weather A child sat behind this beggar, her head sunk in to her hand She would constantly look up at her mother for hope but she would reprimand The little girl’s lugubrious moan was a bellow But no one cared, her sound faded just like an echo Vagrant and alone This old woman’s body had gone rigid like stone She was an old crumbling house on legs Always moving she never got a chance to rest

Heart Attack: Women Vs Men A study has shown that women had a fifty per cent higher chance than men of receiving the wrong initial diagnosis following a heart attack. Typically, when we think of a person with a heart attack, we envisage a middle aged man who is overweight, has diabetes and smokes. This is not always the case; heart attacks affect the wider spectrum of the population – including women. Despite over 30,000 women dying of a heart attack in the UK each year, a study has shown that women had a fifty per cent higher chance than men of receiving the wrong initial diagnosis following a heart attack. Like men, some women also often fail to recognise the signs and symptoms of a heart attack. Presently there are around 300,000 female heart attack survivors living in the UK today – many of these women will be living with heart failure as a consequence of their heart attack. The longer a heart attack is left undiagnosed and untreated, the more the heart muscle can be irreversibly damaged. Some findings: -Women generally present about 10 years later than men -Women present with a greater risk-factor burden. -Women are less likely than men to have typical angina -Women who present to the Accident and emergency/Casualty department with new onset chest

pain are approached and diagnosed less aggressively than men. -Women have more chances to present with angina than heart attack but when they present with heart attack it is more fatal -Many cases of heart attack in women go unrecognized, particularly at younger ages or in patients with diabetes. -All women with intermediate or higher risk should be evaluated. -The prevalence of significant coronary disease found at the time of angiography is lower in women than men presenting with chest pain. -Most women with chest pain and no evidence of blockages on coronary angiography have cardiac syndrome X or microvascular disease Screening for heart disease - Six minutes walk test: if you can walk more than 500 meters in six minutes you do not have significant blockages or if you can walk 2 km or climb two flight of stairs you do not have significant blockages -Never ignore unexplained weakness, tiredness, first onset chest burning or first onset breathlessness after the age of 40 -If any member of your family male had heart disease before 55 or female before 65, it amounts to strong family history

What Happens When Descendants Of Immigrants Start Hating Immigrants? For many of us growing up in Britain we have always felt a growing need to pay some sort of homage to those who came before us. We are indebted to them in a way and through the stories they told us we are aware of what a difficult time it must have been for them, finding themselves in a strange country, not knowing the language with little or no money to your name. From what we have heard and in many ways witnessed when we were younger, it was not at all easy. But what happens when a generation begins to forget about what their grandparents went through? And what happens when they decide that the new immigrants are not ‘the same’ as their relations? Do they have a right to criticise those going through the exact same thing as their forefathers? It seems the latter is now ‘a right.’ There is a growing element who, inspired by scare stories in the media, feel they have a right to criticise others coming to this country for the first time. They are quick to criticise them for their ‘strange ways’ and how they are not fitting in. They talk of them in a disparaging way and feel the new immigrants are not acting in the same way as their parents did. Or they talk down the new arrivals yet look back at the actions of their own parents with a sense of nostalgia. I read about one place where people were protesting against a shelter and commu-


nity base which would assist asylum seekers because they thought it would bring their house prices down. Anyone coming to this country and having to work in the jobs we don’t want to do are going through the exact same thing as your grandparents. They are going through the same heartaches and they are battling the same battles. Just because technology may have moved on and they can contact their own relatives with a little more ease does not mean their lives are any easier. They are facing the same level of prejudice and even worse they are facing it from others who themselves had parents and grandparents who were also immigrants. It seems not only hypocritical but also quite strange that we have children of immigrants talking down to new immigrants. Are these the ideals our parents taught us? Should we not be the first to assist the new arrivals and not look at them as a drain on the system? This makes us no different from those others who made the lives of our mums and dads so difficult. Much of this idea that we are ‘better’ than those who came after us has its roots in the feeling that we are 'more British'. That being British means you must be born here. Here’s a thought. What would our forefathers who struggled to make this their home say if they heard you speaking in this way?

Page 15

Syria Demands Withdrawal Of All Foreign Troops Syria’s foreign minister has demanded the immediate withdrawal of all foreign troops from Syria who are there in the country “illegally”. Walid al-Moualem, told the United Nations General Assembly that the country was ready for the voluntary return of refugees who fled during the more than seven-year conflict. He cited US, French and Turkish troops who are in Syria without invitation from the Syrian government. He said the Syrian government considers them “occupation forces and will be dealt with accordingly”. “We welcome any assistance with reconstruction from those countries that were not part of the aggression on Syria,” he said. “The countries that offer only conditional assistance or contin-

ue to support terrorism, they are neither invited nor welcome to help.” The United States has around 2,000 troops in northern Syria, working with local forces against Islamic State militants in the country.

Imran Vows To Fulfill All Promises Made To Nation Imran Khan has said that the Pakistan Tehreek- The PM said this during a session in Islamabad, e-Insaf (PTI) government would fulfill the prom- which was held to review the government’s perises made to the masses. formance and devise strategies to tackle economic and energy crises. Punjab Governor Chaudhry Sarwar briefed the participants on the opening of state buildings for public and said that authorities concerned were working in line with the vision and instructions of the prime minister. Imran Khan on the occasion directed to provide maximum relief to the masses, saying that his government would not deviate from its mission to protect and uphold public welfare.


Pakistan PM House Expenses Brought Down To Less Than Rs1m Information Minister Fawad Chaudhry has said that the Prime Minister House expenses have been brought down from around Rs1 billion to under one million rupees by the Pakistan Tehreek-eInsaf (PTI) government. Fawad Chaudhry said that the debt had risen to Rs28,000 crore when former prime minister Nawaz Sharif was leaving the PM office. “How can a PM of a country live so lavishly when there are people in the nation who do not have the money to buy medicines?” asked Fawad Chaudhry. He further said that the government was proceeding with good intentions and the army and judiciary were at its back. “Our politics will be criticised and praised at the same time,” said Fawad Chaud-

hry. The information minister said that auctioning the PM House buffaloes was a decision to make sure the message is conveyed to the public regarding austerity measures of the government. Eight buffaloes, allegedly bought to cater to the 'gastronomic requirements' of former prime minister Nawaz Sharif, were sold for Rs2.3 million in an auction at the PM House. Prices for the five calves and three buffaloes were paid in cash. Two of the four calves were purchased by Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PMLN) worker Fakhar Warraich for Rs215,000 and Rs270,000. A citizen of Talagang purchased the third calf for Rs182,000.

Imran Khan Backing Moves To Ease Tensions With India Pakistan’s prime minister Imran Khan has written to his Indian counterpart, seeking to resolve outstanding disputes between the two nucleararmed nations. The divisions includes the region of Kashmir. The foreign ministry’s spokesman, Mohammad Faisal, tweeted that Mr Khan’s letter reciprocated Indian premier Narendra Modi’s sentiments earlier this month for a “meaningful and constructive engagement”. “To move forward Pakistan and India must dialogue and resolve their conflicts incl Kashmir: The best way to alleviate poverty and uplift the people

of the subcontinent is to resolve our differences through dialogue and start trading”. Mr Khan also asked in his letter that the two countries’ foreign ministers hold a meeting on the sidelines of the UN general assembly in New York later this month. India’s external affairs ministry has responded positively about that meeting. Pakistan and India have fought two of their three wars since independence in 1947 over the disputed Himalayan region of Kashmir, divided between the two countries but sought by each in its entirety.

Page 16

193 Speeches At UN General Assembly

The UN General Assembly may be one of the most unwieldy events on the diplomatic calendar, with non-stop speeches by 193 leaders and hundreds more side events. But for Maria Fernanda Espinosa, the newlyelected president of the General Assembly who watches over the gathering, the format is spoton. The United Nations is “the only place in the world where heads of state and government can come and say what they think and have bilateral contacts with far-away countries,” said Espinosa, 54, a poet with a doctorate in philosophy who has held a number of senior ministerial posts in Ecuador. “Europe can speak with Pacific islands, the Pacific islands with Latin America, and the Caribbean with Africa and Asia,” she said. For a full week from 9 am to 9 pm, world leaders take their turns at the General Assembly rostrum. Some draw attention — such as New Zealand’s Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern, who came with her three-month-old baby — but often the speeches are ignored by all but junior delegates

and each nation’s media. And this year, in a rarity, the General Assembly saw laughter — when US President Donald Trump began boasting in superlative terms of his domestic record, as is his wont in front of domestic audiences. Was the General Assembly laughing at him or with him? “I really don’t know,” Espinosa said diplomatically. “His comeback was very sharp, saying that he wasn’t expecting that reaction and smiling as well.” The General Assembly has a clear guideline of 15 minutes per speech but the United Nations is reluctant to enforce it. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, rushing to New York to appear after threats by Trump, spoke for 50 minutes. But Espinosa noted that Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite spoke for just five minutes — a bit long for her, as last year her address lasted four minutes. “Leaders have their own styles,” Espinosa said. “The length has nothing to do with the quality.” The week of diplomacy also featured 450 side events on everything from banning nuclear weapons to fighting tuberculosis. The number of events is going up each year, often emptying the General Assembly. Espinosa said she had urged every delegation to listen to the speakers. “This had an effect. The room isn’t completely full but quite a few delegations listen,” she said. The attendance, she said, is “symbolically very important.” More than 130 countries were represented at the General Assembly by their heads of state or government — more than the 115 last year, she said. “Many analysts say that multilateralism is no longer efficient and leaders are calling it into question,” she said, after speeches notably by Trump that emphasized going it alone. “But at the same time, this week, New York was the capital of global power”.

Drivers Could Lose Their Licence If They Fail A Police Eyesight Test A police crackdown on drivers with defective eyesight has been launched. Every motorist stopped by roads police officers from three forces in September will be required to read a number plate from 20 metres. Anyone who fails will have their driving licence immediately revoked. Data from the tests will be used to improve understanding of the extent of poor driver vision. The initiative is being run by forces in Thames Valley, Hampshire and the West Midlands, and is supported by road safety charity Brake and optician firm Vision Express. Not being able to see a hazard or react to a situation quickly enough can have catastrophic consequences. Officers can request an urgent revocation of a licence through the DVLA if they believe the safety of other road users will be put at risk if a driver remains on the road. The power was introduced in 2013 under Cas-

sie’s Law, named after 16-year-old Cassie McCord, who died when an 87-year-old man lost control of his vehicle in Colchester, Essex. It later emerged he had failed a police eyesight test days earlier, but a legal loophole meant he was allowed to continue driving. Brake and Vision Express are calling for a recent eye test to be required when licences are renewed every 10 years. Under current rules, the only mandatory examination of vision takes place during the practical test, when learners must read a number plate from 20 metres. Once someone has obtained their licence, it is up to them to tell the DVLA if they have a problem with their eyesight. Officers will be able to request an urgent revocation of a licence through the DVLA. A 2012 study by insurance firm RSA estimated that poor vision caused 2,874 casualties in a year.

Ofcom Revokes Ausaf TV Broadcast Licence Ofcom has revoked the broadcast licence of Ausaf TV, a proposed Urdu channel, ahead of its UK launch. The regulator's decision follows a BBC File on 4 investigation into the non-English broadcaster last October. It comes after sister publication Daily Ausaf published praise of Jihadist leaders in its newspaper. The paper's editor acknowledged there were breaches of editorial policy but said some material had been taken out of context. Two of the world's most wanted terrorists, Masood Azhar and Hafiz Sayeed, featured in the publication. The BBC programme also found praise of Osama Bin Laden and Mullan Omar, leader of the Afghan Taliban. In an email to the BBC, the paper's senior editor, Muhammed Hanif Lodhi, reiterated the principles of the paper's editorial policy: peace, faith and unity - and said that the material File on 4 had highlighted was taken out of context. He admitted there had been breaches of editorial policy in the articles being questioned by File on 4, which were printed earlier this year during a period when Mr Lodhi was absent from the office. The BBC was told an internal investigation took place and The Daily Ausaf sacked two members of staff. Mr Lodhi gave assurances that extra measures were now in place to ensure that such material would not appear in the future. In one of the articles published in the newspaper, Bin Laden was described as "a humble servant of

the Creator" who left "unforgettable prints on the history and geography of the world". In another write-up, Bin Laden and Omar were called "beacons of light". There was also praise for South Asian Jihadist leaders like Masood Azhar, who was described as a "renowned spiritual personality". Syed Salahuddin, leader of Hizb-ul-Mujahideen, was described as someone with a "white glowing face, shining forehead, bright eyes, impressive personality" and that "you can't take your eyes off him". In its decision, Ofcom said the individual in control of Ausaf UK Limited had close links to the Pakistan and UK editions of the Daily Ausaf newspaper, in which articles were published. Ofcom said that the content "amounted to hate speech and incitement to crime/terrorist actions". "There is a material risk that the licensee could breach our broadcasting rules; for example, by airing similar content to that published in the Daily Ausaf on Ausaf TV, which would be harmful to viewers if the licensee were permitted to broadcast. This brings into question public confidence in the regulatory activity if Ofcom were to remain satisfied that the licensee was fit and proper to broadcast", it said. "In light of these serious findings, we are no longer satisfied that that those in control of Ausaf UK Limited are fit and proper to hold a broadcast licence. We have therefore revoked the licence", it concluded.

Worst Airlines For Flight Delays Revealed About 1.3 million passengers were left stuck in airports because of severe delays in 12 months, a study of flight data has shown. Which? has analysed flights in and out of the UK from June 2017 until June 2018 and found that more than 13,000 were delayed by three or more hours. It means about 3,500 passengers faced delays every day. But the top offending airlines by percentage are not the same as the worst performers by numbers. The bulk of severely delayed flights can be attributed to Easyjet (2,618), Ryanair (1,868) and British Airways (1,668), but these airlines have higher overall numbers of flights. The worst by percentage for long-haul delays was Norwegian, with Icelandair worst for short-haul. Percentage of flights between June 2017 and June 2018, in and out of UK, delayed by more than three hours Norwegian - 2.4% Thomas Cook - 1.8% TUI - 1.6% Air India - 1.5% Air Canada - 1.3% BA - 0.9% United Airlines - 0.9% American Airlines - 0.7%

Delta Airways - 0.6% Cathay Pacific Airways - 0.6% Worst airlines for short-haul delays Percentage of flights between June 2017 and June 2018, in and out of UK, delayed by more than three hours Icelandair - 1.7% Aurigny - 1.6% TUI - 1.4% Worst airlines for medium-haul delays Percentage of flights between June 2017 and June 2018, in and out of UK, delayed by more than three hours Thomas Cook - 1.2% TUI - 1.1% Saudi Arabian Airlines - 1% Passengers are entitled to compensation in cases of delayed flights, ranging from £220 to £360 for short-haul flights and up to £535 for long-haul flights. Airlines are only exempt from paying out compensation if they can show there were "extraordinary circumstances", like extreme weather conditions or airport strikes.

Facebook 50Million Users Hacked Facebook could face a fine of up to £1.25 billion after at least 50million of its accounts were hacked. Criminals exploited a security flaw to access the accounts, putting huge amounts of sensitive, personal information at risk. But Facebook only announced the breach on Friday, three days after it happened –and was last night still unable to say how many British accounts had been affected. As the hunt for the hackers continued, the Irish Data Protection Commissioner – which regulates


the web giant’s European data compliance as it is headquartered in Dublin – criticised the company, saying: ‘The notification lacks detail.’ Facebook is now bracing itself for a massive fine under new European Union data laws that can require firms to pay out up to four per cent of its global turnover. Facebook generated £31.2 billion in revenue last year. The crooks gained access to accounts through Facebook’s ‘view as’ feature which allows users to see what their profiles look like when others view them.

Page 17

Meghan Markle And Prince Harry’s Royal Wedding Bill Prince Harry’s marriage to Meghan Markle, watched by two billion people across the world, is believed to have cost £32million. IT WAS the wedding of the year and no taxpayers money was spared to make Harry and Meghan’s day special. Figures show £1.5million was spent by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport. This Government outlay included the cost of flags, banners, big screens, control barriers and rubbish disposal.

The vast majority went on security, with a “ring of steel” around Windsor for the May 19 event. But fascinating new cost details have emerged. It also included £232,810 for the PA system which relayed events from inside St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle to the wider public. A further £1,084,512 was paid to Windsor and Maidenhead council for “stewarding, crowd control barriers, big


screens, waste disposal, barriers and associated costs” and private contractors received £128,714. Staff travel and expenses cost £3,875, with a further £2,907 going on accreditation passes. The Government also spent £14,081 on flags and banners. The total cost of the wedding was previously reported to be £32million, with an incredible £30million spent on security. Meghan’s haute couture Clare Waight Keller dress cost around £390,000, comparing with the Duchess of C a m b r i d g e ’s wedding dress, which was said to have cost around £250,000. The big day for Meghan, 37, and 34-yearold Harry reportedly cost £8million more than William and Kate’s Westminster Abbey wedding in 2011 – largely through the need to protect the royals, their guests and the public from an increased terrorist threat. The Duke and Duchess of Sussex invited 600 guests to the service and main reception, and 200 to the after-party. A further 2,640 people were invited to enjoy proceedings within the grounds of Windsor Castle.

FIFA Best Player Award Real Madrid midfield Maestro Luka Modric won the FIFA best play award, beating Juventus’ Cristiano Ronaldo and Liverpool’s Muhammad Salah to claim the award. Modric received a total of 29.05 percent votes, Ronaldo received 19.08 percent votes, while Salah got 11.23 percent. Barcelona captain Lionel Messi, who missed out on a top-three spot this time around, was present at the award ceremony and now it has been revealed who he voted for. The Barcelona star voted Luka Modric to win the award, while his second preference was Kylian Mbappe and his third was Cristiano. Cristiano Ronaldo, who did not attend the ceremony due to personal reasons, had registered his votes too as the captain of Portugal and there are a few surprises. Ronaldo, however, did not payback the favour as he did not include Messi in his top three. He had Real Madrid defender Raphael Varane as his top preference, while Luka Modric and Atletico Madrid’s Antoine Griezmann were second and third respectively. Madrid captain Sergio Ramos voted for Modric, Ronaldo

and Messi in that order, while Tottenham Hotspur star Harry Kane voted for Ronaldo, Messi and Manchester City’s Kevin De Bruyne. In other major awards of the night, Brazil’s Martha bagged the FIFA women’s player of the year award, while Salah was awarded the Puskas – prize for the best voted goal of the season.

Documentary On Boxer Amir Khan Premieres In London British-Pakistani boxer Amir Khan has announced that a feature-length documentary based on his life had its world premiere at the Raindance Film Festival in London. Khan shared the news on his social media account and wrote, “Excited to announce that TEAM KHAN, a feature documentary about me is having its World Premiere at the Raindance Film Festival in London, this Saturday, 29th of September. Last few tickets are available through the Raindance website. See you there!” The documentary is also chosen in the Best UK Feature and Best Cinematography category at the festival. As confirmed by the boxer, the film will be released worldwide later this year.

Page 19

August 30 2018 - International Day Of The Victims Of Enforce Disappearances - National Press Club, Washington DC Dr Syed Alam Shah

Email address: shaahphilosophy@gmail.com

The world Sindhi foundation USA observed the international day of the victims of enforced disappearances of Sindhi and Baloch people in Pakistan. Mr Munawar Laghari (Sufi Laghari); the chairman of World Sindhi Foundation hosted the event. The participants had speeches on the issue of missing persons in Pakistan. Mr T. Kumar said in his speech “The issue of enforced disappearances is the worst; I am repeating, is the worst form of abuse I can think of, you know government arrest people lock them up, torture them and extra judicially kill them. But when you look at the dynamics of disappearances is so painful to the families and the people who disappear”. Mr Bhuchung K. Tesring said that “Enforced disappearance has been used as a tactic by the authorities to spread fear and attempt to ensure allegiance to (their iron-fisted rule)”. Mr Kani (Kurd) spoke, “Let me first express my heartfelt gratitude to Munawar Laghari of Save Our Sindh (SOS) coalition here in Washington for taking up the cause of forced disappearances around the globe. It highlights his splendid humanity towards our unfortunate brothers and sisters. It underscores his dedicated desire to stop the disgraceful practice of kidnapping dissidents by identifying and shaming the states that practice it”. Ms Nicole said, “I am here to discuss recent developments in the human rights situation. According to the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, enforced disappearance is “the arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of deprivation of liberty by agents of the State or by persons or groups of persons acting with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the State, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the deprivation of liberty or by concealment of the fate or whereabouts of the disappeared person, which place such a person outside the protection of the law.” Mr Leonce spoke, “Today human rights activists and families of people disappeared by repressive governments are observing the International Day of Victims of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances. We continue to watch repressive governments behave like gangsters, abducting, kidnapping and illegally detaining their own people, usually government critics and their relatives. Hundreds of men and women in the Sind region of Pakistan have been disappeared by the Pakistani government. Their families have no idea where their loved ones are and what happened to them.” Mr Marvin said, “What makes today’s event so important is that in Pakistan minority rights are under siege. Most affected by Pakistan’s excessive use of violence are religious and ethnic minorities such as the people of Sindh and Balochistan. Tragically, gross human rights violations, such as enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings are the order of the day. In most cases, they happen in broad daylight and Pakistan’s security forces don’t even try to hide the crimes they commit. Enforced disappear-

ances are used as a tool used to terrorize the civilian population and instil fear. Mr Zack Kake spoke on behalf of Sherman, “It is a pleasure to join you today. Although my boss, Congressman Sherman, unfortunately couldn’t be here, he has dedicated himself to raising awareness of enforced disappearances in Congress, where he has served on the House Foreign Affairs Committee for over 20 years. And some examples of that are included in the literature handed out before the event. I’d also like to thank Sufi for facilitating this important conversation, as well as his critical work on behalf of the Sindhi community. This extremely important issue often doesn’t receive the attention it deserves. That is why Congressman Sherman has worked tirelessly to raise it on the House floor, in countless hearings, and in various media outlets. He’s also discussed it time and time again in meetings with U.S. officials and foreign leaders. As Chairman of the Congressional Sindh Caucus, the Congressman has heard from countless families impacted by these unlawful enforced disappearances – including Sufi himself”. Mr Habib Bhutto said, “Today is international Day of victims of enforced disappearances and my mother land Sindh is observing this day with sacrifice of hundreds of enforcedly disappeared persons at the hands of Pakistani security forces. Pakistani agencies started kidnapping freedom activists from 2005. Till to date, several hundred activists have been made disappeared, tortured to deaths and their dead bodies were thrown away by Pakistani military. Shaheed Maqsood Qureshi and Salman Wadho were burnt alive by ISI in 2013. Other leaders Serai Qurban, Ruplo and others were also in 2011. Several Jeay Sindh workers mostly JSQM members are killed since 2010. Our Geographical, Cultural, Economic and Political rights are usurped by the state of Pakistan. Nowadays silent military operation continues in Sindh and one hundred sixty members of JSQM are enforcedly disappeared. This week Prof Essa Memon, a famous writer was kidnapped from his school library from Larkana city. Other prominent names are: Khadim Aarejo, Hidayatullah Lohar, Aijaz Kandhro, Mujeeb Cholyani, Wahid Kandhro, Murtaza Solangi and more. JSQM condemns disappearance of political workers in sindh by Pakistan. We appeal to international community to persuade Pakistan to release them, our protest will continue until release of last jeay sindh worker”.

New Visa For International Students Will Boost Sheffield Jobs Sheffield Central MP Paul Blomfield, who is the Co-Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group on International Students, has welcomed a call from Universities UK (UUK) for a new visa to allow international students to gain work experience in the UK for up to two years after graduation. The university group is arguing for a more "welcoming" message, by giving international students the right to stay and work in the UK when they complete their courses - as they could before the rules were changed in 2012. Universities UK, which represents the nation’s universities, has made the call as it meets in Sheffield for its annual conference. The city has around 11,500 international students who contribute roughly £160 million to local economy. Mr Blomfield said: “International students contribute over £160 million to the Sheffield economy, creating thousands of local jobs. But we could do better. UK recruitment has flat lined, while the US, Canada and Austral-


ia have increased numbers by 20% over the last few years. Offering a post study work visa has been central to their success. We need to catch up and, at the same time, give local businesses the chance to benefit from the talents of our international graduates. This new visa will boost jobs in Sheffield.” The UK removed the right to work after claims that overseas students were overstaying and using student visas as a backdoor route for migration. But such claims had proved to be "factually incorrect" and the latest data showed that 98% of overseas students complied with their visa requirements. As well as the financial loss from deterring overseas students, there was a risk of extraordinary long-term damage in terms of losing international influence and failing to recruit international talent for UK research. After Brexit, there would be even greater demand for skilled workers and the UK needed to show it was open for business.

On the other side, the members of WSC attended the 39th session of UNHRC, Geneva, September 2018. The world sindhi congress held protest in front of the united nations human rights council (UNHRC) accusing Pakistan Army and ISI to have been violating human rights in Sindh province. The protesters were seen raising slogans against the Pakistan Army and blamed it for the enforced disappearances of large number of Sindhi Political activists. Dr Lakhu Lohana, the General Secretary of WSC said, “every time we come here with hope that things will improve, but are worsened, the previous issues of the enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, violence against religious minorities continue unabated. Now they have started other issues that we

consider them the issues of life and death for us. The CEPEC continues, and now they have also decided without the consultation, without conciliation of any historical, legal, international laws to build Dams on river Indus. The construction of dams have already destroyed Sindh. And they are forcefully perusing their agenda. For example, the chief justice of Pakistan, said whoever opposes the dams is a traitor, he would have face the article 6 of the constitution of Pakistan”. The director of the international human rights … Mr Naveed Baseer said, “Sindhi people, they have so many demands, first they are discriminated in Pakistan and has spread the hatred against Sindhi people and denying their basic rights. Now the main issues are coming up are water scarcity, and the disappearances, so all the nationalists groups are under pressure from the federation, they all are accused as agents of India, this is so common that whoever is arrested are kept in incommunicado in the military torture cells, there are more than five military torture cells in Sindh Karachi alone, Sindh

Rangers (paramilitary forces) are also running these torture cells. These disappeared persons are kept in there for long, long time, many of them have died, later their mutilated bodies are thrown on the roads. Indeed, the nationalist’s movement is getting stronger and stronger day by day, so any Sindhi nationalist struggling for their rights, are blamed to be agents of India”. Dr Hidayat Bhutto presented the WSC’s statement in UNO (Geneva), “to the vice president, we want your draw your attention to the rampant violations of human rights perpetrated by the Pakistani state agencies against Sindhi people that needs council’s urgent attention, the enforced disappearance of Sindhi human rights activists and political activist continues unabated. Since 2018 25 more Sindhi persons have been abducted, that is 10% per month. The tortured body of renowned political worker, Syed Fatah Ali Shah was found after few days he was abducted on 18th of August. Since February, 2017 more than 200 people are reported to have been abducted including Hidayat Lohar, Khadim Arijo, Gullam Shabir Kalhoro. With utmost sadness, we want to report that agencies have committed crime against the women folk and abducting some people (in Karachi press club). Pakistani agencies are using enforced disappearances as a toll to silence every voice and struggle of Sindhi people, the judicial system has provided no remedy and perpetrators continue violations of human rights with impunity. Additionally, state is perusing the construction of mega projects CPEC and Dams on the Indus River without considering the rights of indigenous Sindhi people and environment. We request council to take action and protect the rights of Sindhi people and use of enforced disappearance in Pakistan. London: 29th of September: The members of world sindhi congress held protest in front of Pakistan high commission against the construction of Kala Bagh Dam on the Indus river. They condemned the tricky threats coming from the judicial martial law administrator, Chief Justice of Pakistan Saqib Nisar (whom I call judicial Hawaladar) that he would impose article 6 that puts label of traitor on the nationalists who oppose the move. The article 6 includes capital punishment on traitors, this is the heinous crime that chief justice is trying to execute and run the reign of terror against Sindhi nationalist in Pakistan. Chief Justice of Pakistan is plying in the hands of military establishment, he is working under the influence of Army juggernauts, and trying to strengthen the iron-fisted rule of Army through weak parliament of new government in Pakistan.

Police May No Longer Help With Lost Property Every police force in England and Wales is no longer dealing with lost property so officers have more time to fight crime. From 1 October, anyone who contacts the police about something they have lost will be redirected to private websites. Although some of these services are free, others carry a charge of £4.95 for every item reported. Services such as ReportMyLoss.com store lost property reports on a database which can be accessed by police forces - "increasing the chances of lost items being identified and returned whilst decreasing the chances of associated criminality". South Yorkshire Police says it receives 11,000 reports of lost property per year - 4,000 over the phone - even though such incidents are not a police matter. "By not taking these reports anymore, we will save over 300 hours of staff time each year, which can be used to deal with reports of crime and antisocial behaviour," the force added. The decision to stop dealing with lost property was made by the National Police Chiefs' Council and follows a national government review and consultation with forces across the country, 29 of which took part. From 1 October, all 43 forces in England and Wales

will only accept certain items such as mobile phones and tablets which may hold personal data. Forces will still accept items that may be linked to a crime - as well as firearms, weapons and ammunition, passports, drugs, pornography and items where the owner is identifiable. The new system does not affect stolen property, which can still be reported to police.

Page 18

Countries That Made A Name Change As Macedonian citizens vote on whether to rename their country "The Republic of North Macedonia", here is a look at other nations that have changed their names. Many countries changed their names at independence, most often from ones imposed by their colonisers. At their independence, for example, Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan), Botswana (Bechuanaland), Ghana (Gold Coast), Indonesia (Dutch East Indies), Malawi (Nyasaland) and Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) were created. The 1991 break-up of the Soviet Union saw changes to the names of its now separate republics, such as Belarus (Belorussia), as happened with the disintegration of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. A few already-sovereign nations have chosen to rebaptise themselves, as Macedonia is proposing to do to settle a dispute with Greece over its name. Here are some recent examples: Swaziland reverts to eSwatini Fifty years after Swaziland’s independence from Britain, King Mswati III announced in April 2018 that the tiny country would "revert to its original name", eSwatini, which means "land of the Swazi". Africa’s last absolute monarch caught his nation by surprise, although the change had been mooted and there was some unhappiness with the previous one, a mix of Swazi and English. Congo: to Zaire and back At independence from Belgium in 1960, the central African country became the Republic of Congo, confusingly taking the same name as its neighbour. The two were differentiated by reference to their capitals — Brazzaville and Kinshasa. A few years later the name was tweaked, and the country became the Democratic Republic of the Congo. But in 1971 there was a change to Zaire, imposed by general Joseph-Desire Mobutu who took power in a 1965 coup. He adopted a policy of replacing European-style names with African ones. He became Mobutu Sese Seko and set up a dictatorship that lasted until Laurent-Desire Kabila captured the capital in 1997 and reinstated the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Burma chooses Myanmar


In 1989 Burma’s military government renamed the Southeast Asian country the "Republic of the Union of Myanmar", to draw a line under its past as a British colony. It was only the English translation that changed, its name in the Burmese language remaining intact. The opposition, led by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, continued for years to use Burma, as did some countries that rejected the legitimacy of the junta. The use of Myanmar increased when the transition to democracy began in 2012 but in French "Birmanie" remains in common use. From Upper Volta to Burkina Faso Keeping the name Upper Volta for years after its independence from France in 1958, the landlocked west Africa nation was rebaptised Burkina Faso, or "land of upright men", in 1984. The name — introduced by popular coup leader Thomas Sankara who took power a year earlier — combines two of the country’s languages. The previous title referred to its location along the Volta River. Kampuchea returns to Cambodia The Kingdom of Cambodia was named the Khmer Republic in 1970 when Prince Norodom Sihanouk was ousted in a USbacked coup. When Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge took over the Southeast Asian nation in 1975, they called it Democratic Kampuchea after its Khmer-language title. The Vietnam-backed regime that toppled the genocidal Khmer Rouge in 1979 rebaptised the country the People’s Republic of Kampuchea. When Vietnam withdrew in 1989 and the monarchy was restored, Sihanouk becoming head of state, it returned to being Cambodia. Dahomey becomes Benin Fifteen years after its independence from France and a year after adopting Marxist policies, Dahomey renamed itself the People’s Republic of Benin in 1975. The name is a reference to the powerful pre-colonial Kingdom of Benin that was in what is now southwest Nigeria until the late 19th century.

The Case Of First Cousin Marriages Scientific studies over at least three decades have linked first-cousin unions to an increased risk of genetic disease. For a dramatic rise in the number of children with genetic disorders being treated in British hospitals. The figures show that up to 20 per cent of the children treated for congenital problems in cities such as Sheffield, Glasgow and Birmingham are of Pakistani descent, a figure significantly greater than the background populations, which can be four per cent or lower. Two per cent of the population in the UK is Pakistani or British Pakistani, according to the 2011 Census – just under one million people. Estimates suggest half the marriages are ‘consanguineous’ – between blood relatives – a largely cultural tradition aimed at keeping wealth and property within families. The trend is clear. They show that in Sheffield, for example, 20 per cent of affected children are of Pakistani descent compared with a background population of four per cent. In Glasgow, the proportion is about 18 per cent, even though Pakistanis account for 3.8 per cent of the local population. In Manchester, Derby and Leeds, about one in ten children with a genetic disorder is of Pakistani heritage – again significantly above the background population. Then there is that extraordinary increase in Pakistani children with genetic disorders in Birmingham – a 42 per cent rise in six years A study carried out among Pakistani families in Luton in 2015 found infant mortality rate is a staggering 63 per cent higher in the town than the national average, and is at its highest in the Pakistani community.

Page 20

THALASSAEMIA AWARENESS I have been working in this field for over 14 years in a paid role as a community development worker but then due to government cuts the project based in Sheffield closed. Due to the need and no service in the community I continued to support the families on a voluntary basis till I find a job myself and this was requested by the families. I eventually realised it was hard to go on without a job as I couldn't afford to support them without a income, I eventually got a part time job working with the NHS/PMC as an epic link worker supporting BME south Asian community affected by Mental health where I aim to reduce gaps in the service and improve recovery and awareness of mental health issues. During this time an incident with one of the thalassaemia patients and their family ended up setting up a small support group called TSY ( Thalassaemia South Yorkshire). Where I support these families in my spare time and raise awareness within the community, health and non-health professionals and communities at risk and at large. This years event took place on the Thursday 23rd August 2018 at 6.30pm at Arooj Banqueting restaurant in Sheffield, 286 Attercliffe Road, Sheffield, S4 7WZ About the author: I currently work as an Epic (Enhanced Pathways into care) link worker, employed by Pakistan Muslim Centre (PMC) & NHS providing support to South Asian patients with mental health issues on the wards with the aim of improving recovery. I also collaborate with medical staff and patients in identifuing gaps in service provision and working with SHSC in reducing identified gaps. Successfully planned and organised a South Asian mental health awareness conference to reduce mental health stigma and I was informed this was first of its kind in UK to target South Asian community around mental health. I have worked as a community development worker for SSCAT foundation (Sheffield Sickle Cell & Thalassaemia foundation), where I supported individuals an their families with genetic blood disorder sickle cell & Thalassaemia as well as raising awareness to communities and health and non health professionals. I love working with different

Nighat Basharat Khan

“To promote the well-being of people affected by Thalassaemia in South Yorkshire by advancing education, supporting health and providing social activities that encourage physical exercise and mental stimulation” MIS-


This event was aimed at health and non-health professionals, local councillors and communities at risk and at large to raise awareness of the impact of Thalassaamia on families and patients so they can provide effective service provision and support and communities are made aware to make informed choices when planning a pregnancy and making marriage choices. I would like to thank all the respected participants, sponsors, councillors and the chief guest deputy lieutenant of South Yorkshire, Mr Hock Ann Chia for making this event a success. To spead the awareness it is important to work with our local media team who I thank for a wide coverage at the recent event which includes ILMnews,Dunyanews and A1TV. Not forgetting the beautiful venue and food of our local restaurant Arooj!

communities and learning from different cultures and have a passion for helping others to help themselves. This is the reason I had been in this post for 14 years. Planning and Organising conferences and support group activities is also a skill I have gained from this role at sscat. After the closure of this service, and the need expressed by affected families I support these families on a voluntary basis where I have successfully set up a small group called TSY (Thalassaemia South Yorkshire) I have throughout my career worked in different areas and gained valuable skills and experience which includes:- working with elderly in residential homes and elderly with dementia, children with learning disabilities, reception work at colleges and universities, tele sales/marketing at call centres, teaching basic English to Pakistanis through a project called Pakistani literacy campaign. I have done voluntary work as a host on radio Ramadan, radio unity fm and radio

Iman around health issues as this is an area of interest to me and I feel if I have gained knowledge in this area I believe in using this knowledge to help others to be aware and to be able to make informed choices. I have also been a board member on different groups such as Roshni women’s organisation, Health watch Sheffield and PMC. Main focus at PMC was around engaging and organising activities for women who were from a disadvantaged group and seldom voices at Health watch Sheffield. I have successfully completed my FdA degree in community, regeneration and change at the university of Sheffield in 2017 and a training & education level 3 qualification in 2018. Through my work history and networking I feel I have established trust with people and families I work with through the rapport I have developed. I also believe trust and good Communication is key and very important to working with communities.

THESE ARE FORECAST TO BE THE WORLD’S BIGGEST CITIES IN 2100 When movies imagine the cities of the future, they invariably look like New York or Tokyo. Fritz Lang's Metropolis was an elegant but industrial pile of Art Deco towers inspired by the Manhattan of the 1920s. Blade Runner 's neon-lit city is basically a souped-up Tokyo. But it seems Birnin Zana, the capital of Wakanda in Black Panther, may be a more accurate vision for the cities of the future. That’s because while the cities of the past sprouted up in Europe, then America and Asia, the megacities of the future look likely to be in Africa. Africa’s population is growing at a much faster rate than the rest of the world. While roughly one in seven people in the world today are from Africa, the UN predicts that will rise to almost one in two by 2100. In contrast, Europe’s population is projected to fall steadily over the same period, from 742 million to 653 million. After a period of growth, Asia is also expected to shrink, ending up with a population more or less the same as today. Overall, the global population will likely grow to 11 billion over the next 82 years, and cities will get bigger too—especially in Africa. High birth rates in the continent ensure that even if there is a decrease in fertility in the coming years, the huge number of young people already living means a huge population boom is now inevitable. The Global Cities Institute has made projections about the biggest megacities of the future, by using data relating to each country’s urban-rural ratio and urbanization rate, as well as birth rate and mortality rate. Co-


nakry, Pune, Ibadan, Kano, N'djamena; the list includes many cities that westerners won’t have even heard of, let alone be able to place on a map. But not every city will experience a boom. Tokyo, the template for science fiction’s city of the future, currently has the largest population in the world at 36 million. But by 2100, it’s projected to have shrunk by 29 percent, making it only the 28th largest city in the world. This population dive is fueled by Japan’s low birth rate and anti-immigration policies.

European cities face a similar fate. By 2100, no European cities will be among the 60 largest. Paris is predicted to be the 67th biggest city in the world, with London the only other European city in the top 100, at 86th. Cities in the U.S. will be largely overtaken too. New York City, currently the sixth largest in the world, is predicted to grow 55 percent. But even so, it will still drop down the list of biggest cities, coming in at number 22. Los Angeles just about scrapes into the top 40. The only other American cities on the list of the 100 biggest urban centers are Chicago (57), Miami (89), Philadelphia (91) and Dallas (100). 1. Lagos, Nigeria, West Africa: 88,345,000. (2010 estimate: 10,572,000. Projected growth: +736%.) 2. Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo, West Africa: 83,494,000. (2010 estimate: 9,052,000. Projected growth: +822%.) 3. Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, East Africa: 73,678,000. (2012 estimate: 5,550,000. Projected growth: +1,228%.) 4. Mumbai, Maharashtra state, India: 67,240,000. (2010 estimate: 20,072,000. Projected growth: +235%.) 5. Delhi, India. 57,334,000. (2010 estimate: 17,015,000. Projected growth: +237%.) 6. Niamey, Niger, West Africa: 56,149,000. (2013 estimate: 2,100,000. Projected growth: +2,573%.) 7. Dhaka, Bangladesh: 54,250,000. (2010 estimate: 14,796,000. Projected growth: +267%.) 8. Kolkata, West Bengal state, India: 52,395,000. (2010 estimate: 15,577,000. Projected growth: +236%.) 9. Kabul, Afghanistan: 50,270,000. (2010 estimate: 3,768,000. Projected growth: +1,234%.) 10. Karachi, Sindh province, Pakistan: 49,056,000. (2010 estimate: 13,052,000. Projected growth: +276%.)

Page 21


Page 22


Page 23


Page 24


Page 25


Page 26


Page 27


Page 28


Page 29


Page 30

Royal Family Spending In 2017 The British royal family made more money in the financial year that ended on March 31, documents revealed. The two sets of documents provided new insights into how the royal family earned, distributed and spent its money, One of the official reports, which covers the finances of Prince Charles, shows the budget category that includes funding for William, Kate and Harry increased roughly 40% to £5 million. In recent years, Prince Charles and his wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall, have increased spending in the category at more modest rates of up to 10 per cent. Charles and Camilla rely on a mix of public and private money to finance their

work and lives. Harry’s wedding to Meghan Markle on May 19 has sparked huge public interest in their finances, but the royal family and British government have declined to give details about their wedding spending. The reports also cover the Sovereign Grant, which is the Queen’s main source of income. The Queen received £76.1 million free of tax from the Sovereign Grant in the year ended March, a 78% increase from the previous year that will help finance an extensive 10-year renovation of Buckingham Palace. She will get another 8% boost in the current financial year.

Amir Khan To Face Samuel Vargas In September

Britain's Amir Khan will continue his comeback against Samuel Vargas in Birmingham on 8 September. The Bolton fighter did not fight for two years after a brutal defeat at the hands of Saul 'Canelo' Alvarez in 2016. Khan, 31, returned to the ring in April with a 40-second knockout of Canada's Phil lo Greco in April. "One of my aims this year was to be as active as possible so I'm very happy to get back in the ring again so soon," said Khan. "Vargas is a tough and well-schooled fighter who has shared the ring with some top welterweights. "I have to get past Vargas before looking at the biggest challenges going forward. I'm not going to

be taking Vargas lightly because I know he will be coming with everything on September 8." The 29-year-old Colombian's three career losses include defeats against Danny Garcia and Errol Spence Jr, who have previously knocked out Khan and Sheffield's Kell Brook.

Tel: 0114 399 7111 Mob: 07806662220

www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com

Page Page31 12


Page 32


Page 33


Page 34


Page 35


Page 36


Page 37


Page 38


Page 39


Page 40


Page 41


Page 42


www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com www.ilmnews.com

Page 43

Page Page 43 Page43 43 Page 43 Page 43 Page 43

Issuu converts static files into: digital portfolios, online yearbooks, online catalogs, digital photo albums and more. Sign up and create your flipbook.